Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau, Bahamas
Publication Date: February 21, 2006
Copyright Date: 2006
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00331
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
oclc - 9994850

Full Text

SPECIALTIES" 'm ovn' t.





Volume: 102 No.77

iY, FEBRUARY 21, 2006 PnlRC 750

I Int


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Florida Governor

meets with Christie

and most of Cabinet

Tribune Staff Reporters
IN LESS than 12 hours, Flori-
da Governor Jeb Bush seems
to have spurred government
into taking more aggressive
action on a number of pressing
local and international issues.
Topping the "agenda was the
"tug-of-war" battle between
Cuba and the US over two
Cuban doctors held at the
Carmichael Detention Centre;
the much publicised Detention
Centre fiasco involving a Mia-
mi-based reporter, and the
installation of an LNG re-gasi-
fication terminal on Ocean Cay.
In his first official visit to the
Bahamas yesterday, the gover-
nor met with Prime Minister

Perry Christie and the majority
of his Cabinet to discuss issues
of mutual interest.
Usually late for engagements,
Mr Christie was waiting for
Governor Bush when the press
arrived. The meeting was sched-
uled to last only half an hour,
but ran well over an hour. It
was not open to the press.
At the conclusion of the
meeting, Mr Chrisqe addressed
the press, only alluding to the
fact that he and the governor
had had "cordial and open dis-
cussions" on a number of issues.
"We have discussed a num-,
ber of points which have cov-
ered the Bahamas/Florida rela-
tions: Education, the LNG posi-
tion in the Bahamas by both
SEE page six

Bahamas 'will lose $1.2bn L

if LNG not approved soon' B
Tribune Staff Reporter i1
THE Bahamas can expect to lose $1.2 billion in direct income if
the LNG regasification terminal proposed by AES is not approved att
within the near future, Florida Governor Jeb Bush said yesterday.
However, it is for that fact, and the "intense meeting" between B
Cabinet and Governor Jeb Bush, that it is expected that the LNG T
proposal will be passed.
The terminal planned for Ocean Cay in the Biminis is seeing stiff F
competition from Suez Energy North America, formerly Tractebel. Bus
A company representative stated that the company is now looking the
at building a "buoy-like" terminal 12 miles off the Florida coast that an

SEE page 10

a nl
- w

Bush 'satisfied'
ith investigation
nto the alleged
tack on reporter
tribunee Staff Reporter
LORIDA Governor Jeb
sh said he is satisfied with
steps taken by the Bahami-
government in the investi-
on into the incident of the
ged attack on an Ameri-
reporter at the Carmichael
mentionn Centre.
he governor in his first offi-
visit to the Bahamas yes-
lay, met with Prime Min-
r Perry Christie to address
umber of issues of mutual
.cern to both Florida and
kmong concerns topping
agenda was the incident of
bruary 7, in which it is
med that Mario Vallejo a
Porter with Spanish-lan-
ge news channel Univision
'as beaten by a Defence
*ce officer for filming out-
e the Detention Centre
Governor Bush said yester-
SEE page 10

Action filed
Baha Mar is
settled out
of court
AN ACTION filed by the
Gibson law firm for
$232,802.42 in fees, in addition
to damages, interest and costs
against Baha Mar Develop-
ment Company, has been set-
tled out of court.
The dispute over legal fees
owed the law firm and charges
owed Michelle Y. Roberts and
Co and L.T.D. Surveying and
Engineering Ltd was filed in
the Supreme Court on Octo-
ber 26,2005 and settled by the
disputing parties the following
The Gibson firm in which
Financial Services and Invest-
ments Minister Allyson May-
nard Gibson was senior part--
ner until she joined the Cabi-
net of Prime Minister Perry
Christie, said in its statement
of claim that on or about May
S10, 2004 Gibson and Company
and Sarkis Izmirlian, Cayside
Development Ltd, and Baha
SEE page 10

United States
Cuban dentists
will be released
to the US
,Tribune Staff Reporter
THE United States is confi-
dent that the Bahamas will
release the two Cuban dentists
held at the Carmichael Deten-
tion Centre to the US, and not
to Cuba.
Answering the question
deferred to him by Florida Gov-
ernor Jeb Bush during his visit
to the Bahamas yesterday, US
Ambassador John Rood said
that the US is not entertaining
the possibility of losing the two
dentists to .Cuba.
"We're going to focus on a
positive outcome. We really
believe there will be a positive
answer," Mr Rood said.
The Bahamas has found itself
in a difficult situation over the
fate of the two Cuban dentists
who are being held at. the
Detention Centre after being
picked up by the US Coast
SEE page 10

Unconfirmed reports: Cuba
will inundate Bahamas with
immigrants if dentists sent to US
THERE are unconfiimed reports that the Bahamas government
has been warned that if its sends the two Cuban dentists, now
being held at the Carmichael Road Detention Centre, to the US,
Cuba will, in retaliation, inundate the Bahamas with hundreds of
Cuban immigrants.
Cuba, because of its need for dentists, wants the two men
returned to Havana.
. When the two dentists were picked up in waters off Elbow Cay,
their "lottery US visas" had expired two weeks previously and as
such they were not allowed to continue their journey to the US.
Florida, which has a substantial Cuban/ American population,
wants the dentists released to US authorities. However, the Cuban
government wants the dentists returned.
It is claimed that Foreign Affairs Minister Fred Mitchell was in
Cuba in an attempt to bring some calm to the issue.
Prime Minister is expected
to announce Cabinet shuffle

IT IS believed that Prime
Minister Perry Christie will
announce his Cabinet shuffle
in his address to the nation
tonight on ZNS.
The address will be carried
live on ZNS radio and TV 13 -
at 8pm.
Mr Christie, on his return
from the CARICOM meeting
two weeks ago, indicated that
*he would be making adjust-

ments to various government
There were doubts among
observers that the reshuffle
would take place at all as the
government has only 15
months left before a general
election has to be called.
However, it was claimed
last night that the prime min-
ister was still negotiating the
reshuffle with his ministers.

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New parliamentary session

and state of the institution

T WO weeks ago I referred to
the PLP government's failure
to have a prorogation and new opening
of parliament in nearly four years.
In most parliaments this is an annual
event which serves to celebrate the insti-
tution of parliament and also to give
the government of the day an oppor-
tunity formally to outline its agenda for
the year.
There might not have been a proro-
gation at all in the life of this parlia-
ment but for the fact that a new gover-
nor general had been appointed and
the government wanted to make the
most of this.
His Excellency Governor General Mr
Arthur D Hanna last week presided
over the pomp and pageantry with obvi-
ous relish. Mr Hanna has a keen sense
of history and is rightly proud of the
progress and stability of our Bahamas.
It is unlikely that we will see the
opening of another session of this par-
liament since 2007 is an election year
and this parliament will be dissolved
perhaps no later than May. Neverthe-
less, it would be a good thing if both
political parties would resolve to stage
this important event in the political life
of the nation every year.

Onn national ceremonial occa-
sions those who watch on tele-
vision or listen by radio are often
offended by uninformed commentaries
by some media persons.
Where church services are involved,
for instance, some do not even bother to

decisions made by
a government are
presumed to have
been made by the
whole cabinet and
not just by one
minister, nor by
the prime
minister; and all
ministers are
bound by these

acquaint themselves with the meaning
of certain ceremonies, nor with the
proper identification of parts of the
church's interior such as nave or sanc-
tuary, nor with the difference between
congregation and audience.
Last week, however, Darold Miller
of ZNS did a good job in his commen-
taries and made some important obser-
vations. One was that the word govern-





ment has different meanings. Most often
we use it to talk about the government
of the day, meaning the executive
branch controlled by the party which
has the majority in parliament.
But government also refers in a
broader sense to all the different
branches of government: The sovereign,
represented by the governor general;
parliament, including governing party,
opposition and independents; execu-
tive, principally the cabinet; judiciary;
civil service, headed by the secretary to
the cabinet; and, of course, the citizens
who exercise control over the whole
apparatus primarily by voting in demo-
cratic elections.
Incidentally, it used to be that in the
procession to the Senate the constitu-
tional leadefof the opposition walked
next to the prime minister. That was in
recognition of the importance of the
opposition in our system. This is the
way it is still done in Britain but, unfor-
tunately, it has been changed here and
the leader now walks behind minis-
Mr Miller also referred to the primus
inter pares principle of cabinet govern-
ment, meaning that while all cabinet
ministers are said to be equal, the prime
minister is first among equals. Or one
could say, in Orwellian language, that he
is more equal than the others.
Mr Miller might more accurately have
referred to the prime minister not as
"the king of the cabinet", especially
since this is a monarchy, but more as
"the chairman of the board", as Paul
Adderley likes to say. The prime min-
ister has overall responsibility for the co-
ordination of the government and the
conduct of ministers.
This is an important point since it
impinges on another concept: the col-
lective responsibility of cabinet. Impor-

tant decisions made by a government
are presumed to have been made by
the whole cabinet and not just by one
minister, nor by the prime minister; and
all ministers are bound by these deci-
The first among equals principle is,
however, being eroded. In Britain Prime
Minister Tony Blair has been criticised
for attempting to create a presidential
office at 10 Downing Street. Some of Mr
Blair's ministers were quite annoyed at
being told what to do by one of the
prime minister's political appointees at
Number 10. The appointee eventually
became too big for his britches and had
to go.

Before the opening last week
the website Bahamas Uncen-
sored (formerly Fred Mitchell Uncen-
sored) said it did not agree with the
opening of parliament being held out-
side and expressed the hope that the
ceremony would be no more than an
hour and the speech from the throne
no more than 15 minutes.
The FNM government held the first
outdoor opening in 1992 to make it
accessible to more people, and that is a
good thing. But Uncensored has a point.
For one thing, the crowd that showed up
last week was not exactly overwhelming
and no doubt more people were watch-
ing on television.
A compromise might be to have the
actual reading done outside only at the
opening of a new parliament so that the
bother of setting up the throne and seat-
ing will not deter the government from
doing it every year.

The current
and facilities of
our parliament
are utterly
inadequate for
occasions as
well as for its

Also 15 minutes would be too short
for the speech, having regard to the
nature of Bahamian politics, but cer-
tainly nearly an hour is too long. After
all, the prime minister and his colleagues
are expected to expand on the contents
when the speech is debated in the
House of Assembly at its next meeting.

The current accommodations
and facilities of our parliament
are utterly inadequate for ceremonial
occasions as well as for its day-to-day
operation. The Bahamian people are
not getting their money's worth from
their elected representatives because of
In a modern parliament members
would spend more time on oversight
committees which would constantly
review the operation and performance
of various ministries and departments of
government, and committees appointed
to deal with matters of special interest to
the Bahamian people.
These committee meetings could be
in public when appropriate especially
when hearing from experts and mem-
bers of the public on issues con-
fronting the nation, including impor-
tant proposed legislation. Obviously,
all of this cannot be accommodated
in the buildings which now house par-
We still hear people on radio talk
shows complaining about the alleged
shortcomings of our so-called West-
minster system, but the truth is that we
are to be blamed for not making full
use of what we have. We can do a whole
lot more to make our parliament more
effective and we can do it without mak-
ing a single amendment to the consti-
I have suggested in this column many
times before that this foundational insti-
tution of our system of government
needs to be housed in a properly-
equipped parliamentary complex
designed for the purpose, something
that will also be an architectural credit
to the city.
In addition to adding lustre to the
city, this will help give parliament the
status and respect it needs to have in the
minds of Bahamians as well as visitors,
and it will enable our elected represen-
tatives to perform as they should in a
modern parliament.

The opening of a new session
should serve to renew in. the
minds of citizens and their representa-
tives the importance of the institution.
All members should resolve to move
the institution steadily forward. That
means, among other things, that the
rules and conventions governing par-
liament should be observed and cher-
It is shameful, for example, that in
the last session Prime Minister Christie
and his ministerial colleagues neglected
to answer some 60 sets of questions
which had been tabled by the opposition
and an independent member.
There is no law, no constitutional pro-
vision, which can be used to force the
government to answer questions asked
by representatives of the people on
behalf of the people. Nevertheless, it is
contemptuous of parliamentary con-
vention and a gross dereliction of duty
on the part of the prime minister and his



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o In brief

Body of man
is found
in apartment

Tribune Freeport

decomposed body of a man was
discovered in an apartment at
Coral Gardens over the week-
Inspector Loretta Mackey
reported that sometime around
12.56pm on Friday police
received a call from a resident
that there was a foul odour
coming from an apartment.
When police arrived at the
scene, they discovered a large
quantity of flies outside the
front door of Apartment 6 at
Lot Three on Emerald Drive.
After several knocks went
unanswered, police entered the
apartment through a window.
The body of a black man wear-
ing blue pants and a striped
shirt was found lying on his
back on the floor in the kitchen
Police are investigating the
identity of the deceased and cir-
cumstances surrounding his
Police are calling on the pub-
lic to assist in the matter. Any-
one with information is asked
to call police on 352-9774, 352-
1919 or 911.

Man arrested
on suspicion
of carrying

FREEPORT A 22-year-old
Lewis Yard man was arrested
over the weekend at a popular
snack-food restaurant, where it
was claimed he was displaying a
Police received a number of
telephone calls from persons
around 4am on Sunday who
reported that a man was stand-
ing among the crowd waiting to
be served at the Pepper Pot on
East Sunrise Highway.
According to the callers, the
man was acting in a threaten-
ing manner and had displayed a
handgun tucked in the waist-
band of his trousers.
Three officers were dis-
patched to the scene, where
they detained a young man.
They confiscated a .9mm Lorcin
semi-automatic pistol contain-
ing three .9mm bullets.


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200 Haitians are caught

off the coast of Exuma

Tribune Staff Reporter

MORE than 200 suspected
illegal Haitian migrants have
been apprehended off the
coast of Exuma in less than
24 hours.
According to.Assistant
Director of Immigration
Weston Saunders, officials
believe that this latest influx
may be the result of the recent
elections on that island.
After years of turmoil fol-
lowing the ousting of Jean-
Bertrand Aristide, Haitians
went to the polls earlier this
month and elected Rene Pr6-
val as leader.
Although the elections were
supervised by the United
Nations, there were riots in
the country after it was ini-
tially believed that some of
the ballots had been tampered
with. Mr Pr6val was not offi-
cally declared the winner until
several days after the elec-
Mr Saunders said this
may have been the reason
for the migration and said
both his department and the
Royal Bahamas Defence
Force would increase their
vigilance and manpower in
the aftermath of the elec-
RBDF officials said yester-
day that while on routine
patrol early Monday morn-
ing, the HMBS P-43 inter-
cepted a Haitian vessel
approximately 8 miles west of
Highbourne Cay in the Exu-
mas. Ninety-nine migrants
were on board.
Another defence force ves-
sel, HMBS P-42 assisted in
the transport of the migrants
to New Providence for fur-

... .
. :


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., . ...... ...

M THE 99 immigrants being taken off the Defence Force patrol craft, after being
apprehended off Highbourne's Cay in the Exumas

their processing.
This apprehension repre-
sents the largest number of
Haitian migrants detained in
Bahamian waters by the
Defence Force so far. Just
over 1,400 illegal Haitians
were arrested by the force last
year for attempting to enter
the country without the prop-
er documentation.
Defence Force officials also
announced yesterday that on
Saturday evening 104 Haitians
were apprehended in Moss
Town, Exuma. Of that num-
ber 19 women and 28 men
have already been brought to
Officials are to bring in the
remaining 57 (54 men and"
three women) to .New Provi-
dence for further questioning
in the next few days.
However, while 104 persons

were collected, officers believe
that the vessel they were on
may have carried up to 150
migrants. Defence Force and
Immigration officers are
combing the surrounding
areas in search of other per-
In addition, between, Jan-
uary 3 and February 10 of this
year, 55 persons were charged
in Magistrate's Court with a
variety of immigration viola-
They include:
16 Haitians for violations
such as failure to stop in
Inagua upon arrival in
Bahamian waters and breech
of Bahamian visa laws. They
were ordered to pay a fine of
$300-$1500 or face six months
in prison.
30 Jamaicans for over-
staying theirvisits, for the pos-

* session of forged documents
and working illegally. They
were ordered to pay fines
between $1,500 and $2,000 or
face up to six months in
Seven Dominicans for vio-
lations such as the possession
of forged documents, and
attempting to land in the
country. They were ordered
to pay a fine of $500 to $2000
or face six months in prison.
A Turkish national was
charged with entering the
country illegally and was
ordered to pay a fine of $400
or face two months in prison.
A Filipino was also
charged with possession of
forged documents and
attempting to land in the
country and orded to pay a
$400 fine or face four months
in jail.

Minister 'satisfied' with dolphin facility

Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Local Govern-
ment, Alfred Gray yesterday
said that he was satisfied with
the new Atlantis Dolphin
Acclimation Habitat.
"I am delighted that the
standards and I am just as
excited that Kerzner met and
in some cases exceeded those
standards," the minister said
yesterday while on his first
tour of the facility.
The habitat is located along
Nassau Harbour and contains
more than 1.5 million gallons
of sea water.
It also contains three large
lagoons, six holding pools and
two medical pools, which have
lifting floors to assist the marine
mammal specialists and veteri-
narians to care of the dolphins.

At nine feet deep, the habi-
tat features gradual slopes that'.
level off into sandy beaches.
Sixteen displaced dolphins
have now been moved in to
their new home on Paradise
Island, where they are super-
vised by a professional staff of
approximately 40
The dolphins were brought
to the Bahamas in January
after Hurricane Katrina rav-
aged their home in Gulfport,
Despite opposition from
environmental activists, Kerzn-
er International claims to have
a keen interest in the wellbeing
of the dolphins.
Complaints against the new
facility include concern for the
health of the dolphins.
However, Teri Corbett, vice-
president of marine mammal'

operations, said that the dol-
phins needed a suitable home
for rehabilitation.
SShe said that after Hiirricane
Katrina there was a lack of
suitable holding conditions and
lack of a settled, social and
normal environment.
Pamela Govett, the veteri-
narian at the habitat, described
the condition of the animals
before being brought to the
Bahamas from Mississippi, as
bumped and bruised.
"It's amazing that those ani-
mals got out of there alive,"
she said.
The veterinarian said the
recovery of the dolphins is due
to the care given at the facility.
The dolphins will remain at
the acclimation habitat until
the completion of Atlantis
Phase III in March 2007,


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where they will reside per-

Anglicans to

elect bishop


Tribune Staff Reporter

nity is gearing up to elect a bish-
op co-adjutor who will succeed
the current Archbishop when
he retires in 2008.
In an interview with The Tri-
bune yesterday, retired Assis-,
tant Bishop Gilbert Thompson;
said: "We are actually picking
the next bishop and that is very,
important. If he ( bishop co-'
adjutor) is a young person
around 45 or 50 years, it means
that he could be in charge of
the diocese for the next 20
years. He will determine the
future of the church for almost
the next quarter of a century,",
said bishop Thompson.
The co-adjutor's functions
and duties will be determined
by the Diocesan Bishop. Bishop
Thompson said that this can
include conducting confirma-
tions and ordinations.
He added that the priest to
fill this position should be a
"good pastor, one who care for
people, one who will equip the.
people to perform their min-
istries and a good administra-
In October of last year, Arch-
bishop Gomez made the
request for a co-adjutor bishop
at the 105th session of synod.
He explained in December
last year, the archbishop
expressed a desire that the post
would be filled by someone that;
is already involved in the dioce--
san-wide project in mission and_
The voting process will take,
place at Holy Trinity's Parish
Hall. The candidates for bishop
co-adjutor will be officially
known on voting day this Fri-
Any priest who is 30 years or
older can be nominated by a
priest and second by a lay per-
All members of the Synod
2005 are eligible to take part in
the voting process. This includes
two representatives from each'
parish, the priest and bishops
of the Anglican Diocese of the
Bahamas and the Turks and

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Fax: 326-9953
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The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608

Dealing with Mr Christie's 'trifles'

THERE ARE times when we find Prime
Minister Christie's speeches intriguing -
intriguing from the point of view that he can
take a few ideas and contort them in so many
different ways that he ends up with a lengthy
speech that gives the impression that he has
developed many ideas about which he has had
much to say. A reporter whose task it is to
cut through the verbage discovers that
although Mr Christie has delivered many
words, his ideas can be condensed into a few
But these speeches also reveal much about
Mr Christie, the man. In our opinion he cer-
tainly has a Hubert Ingraham complex as
though he is uneasy about being in the shadow
of a strong and decisive leader.
He is also very anxious to cement himself in
the nation's hall of fame. How many times
have we not heard from his own lips about
his oratorical skills. And on Wednesday in
the middle of haranguing Mr Ingraham for
his non-appearance at the opening session of
parliament, he paused mid-sentence to estab-
lish himself as the sole "father of the House"
a position he is apparently not willing to
share with Mr Ingraham. A trifle that we are
certain would not concern Mr Ingraham, but
obviously it is of great concern to Mr Christie.
And this is what.he said:
"It's the most scandalous experience I have
had and I am 'Father of the House of
Assembly' in fact I have served longer in
this in the parliamentary democracy than the
- member of parliament for North Abaco (Mr
Ingraham) even though there seems to be a
suggestion from time to time that we both are
'fathers' of this democracy we have. Insofar as
this democracy is concerned, I joined the Sen-
ate in 1974 or was appointed to the Senate
in 1974 and became a member of parlia-
ment in, 1977 and I have not witnessed
such an experience from a leader in a country
of this kind in our entire history of parlia-
mentary democracy. I have not read about it,
I have not heard about it and I have not seen
He was, of course, referring to the absence
of Mr Ingraham and Opposition deputy leader
Brent Symonette from Wednesday's cere-
monies for a new session of parliament.
Mr Christie has walked the halls of parlia-
ment long enough to have seen far worse sins
committed against democracy than the non-
appearance of two opposition leaders.
But as Mr Christie seems to be concerned
with trifles, let's return to the trifles.

The expression to which Mr Christie alludes
is: "Father of the House", not "Father of the
democracy" as he would have it, nor even
"Father of parliament." And "Father of the
House" means what it says. It refers only to the
House of Assembly.
As Mr Christie and Mr Ingraham entered
the House on the same day and at the same
time in 1977, whether, Mr Christie likes it or
not he will have to share the limelight with Mr
Ingraham history will record that they are
both "Fathers of the House."
"What is particularly wrong about this,"
Mr Christie continued, "that this is the same
leader who is now being reported in the press
of saying that this side of the House the
Progressive Liberal Party is a threat to par-
liamentary democracy because we have not
answered certain questions in parliament. I
ask all of us where is the greater threat to par-
liamentary democracy when on the proroga-
tion and the summoning of a new parliamen-
tary democracy the person who represents
himself to be the alternative prime minister
does not appear, does not come out; the
deputy does not come out and they have not
provided notice nor an excuse to the parlia-
ment, to the Speaker."
Mr Christie is misleading Bahamians when
he refers to members being summoned to a
new parliament. They were not summoned to
a new parliament. Members were summoned
to a new session ot a parliament [hat the
Bahamian people elected in May 2002.
Pjrliamcnt has a biye-year life During its
life, parliamentary business is divided into ses-
sions. Parliament is prorogued at the end of a
session and reopens to a new session. It is dis-
solved at the end of its term for the election of
a new parliament.
The FNM was elected for two terms. The
party was elected the government in 1992. It
prorogued the House in 1993 at the end of
the first session and again in 1996. There was
an election in 1997 when the FNM was
returned to government. That parliament was
prorogued in 1999. And 2002 was an election
year when Mr Christie's party was returned as
the government.
January 31 this year was the first time that
this parliament was prorogued four years
into its final year.
And so Mr Christie is wrong when he says
that Messrs Ingraham and Symonette have
missed the opening of a new parliament. They
have missed the opening of a session of a par-
liament that is still in progress.

EDITOR, The Tribune
WE refer to your editorial
entitled 'NHI not viable option
for country' in your February
8, 2006 edition.
We draw attention to four
points in your comments which
incorrectly or inadequately
reflect the current proposals
and process for developing an
You referred to the "heated
debate" on the NHI proposals
at the meeting on February 3,
2006 between the Medical
Association of The Bahamas
(MAB) and the Ministry of
Health (MOH) team.
We saw it as an opportunity
to discuss the proposals, identi-
fy areas of agreement and dis-
agreement and pinpoint those
aspects which require further
research, development and con-
Generally, we agreed on chal-
lenges facing the health system,
the need for new funding mech-
anisms and for systematic
improvements in the availabili-
ty and quality of health services.
We had divided views on the
means to address these chal-
lenges and placed emphasis on
the role of more "public dia-
logue, thoughtful discussion and
careful revision".
We are thankful to the doc-
tors for their frank observations
and will continue to work close-
ly with them (and other stake-
holders) to craft the best plan
for all concerned.
Employers and business per-
sons have a right to be con-
cerned about any increase in
the cost of doing business. This
is why we are planning several
meetings with various business
groups, to discuss and define the
costs as well as benefits of NHI
to them and their employees.
Your comments suggested
that, in the NHI, persons will
have to terminate their private
insurance plans "because the
government will...foist its own
plan on them" and that they will
only have access to the 'basics'
(public health services). This
seems to be a clear misunder-
Taking into account the needs
of patients, NHI proposes to
cover a comprehensive package
of services including all the
major services offered in private
plans. Persons are free to access
these services by going to public
or private health providers.
With the NHI taking the
main risk and covering the bulk
of the cost of services, persons
may want to refocus their pri-
vate plans to cover health ser-

vices not in the NHI package, to
pay for the additional charges if
they use private services only
or access optional overseas care.
So, the NHI does not limit but
enhances choice of providers as
well as options for negotiating
private health insurance cover-
Your comment that "inferi-
or" public health services "are
the very services they were try-
ing to avoid when they took out
private medical insurance"
ignores two major factors. First-
ly, public health services are
provided by well-qualified com-
petent staff. Many of these pro-
fessionals also offer similar ser-
vices in the private sector. It is
unclear why you would deem
their professionalism 'inferior'
in one setting and 'superior' in
In addition, the NHI does not
propose to limit access to over-
seas care. On a case by case
basis, members will have ready
access to quality overseas care
upon recommendation by a

panel of medical specialists.
Secondly, a significant pro-
portion of persons with private
insurance continue to make full,
use of certain public health ser-
vices for which they generally
make minimal co-payments. For
them this is seen as good value
for money even though their
private plans provide a ready
option to seek care in a private
setting. ;
In contrast to your editorial,
NHI is "good news" when one
weighs the benefits of increased
access, increased choice and
better health for all that are pro-
posed in relation to the costs tp.
be borne by the government,
workers and employers. ,-
The Minister of Health is on
record that "public dialogue,
thoughtful discussions and care-,
ful revision" will go hand in
hand to design a mutually ben-
eficial plan and improve health
services for all. It is with this
assurance and objective we wel-
come your comments and look
forward to receiving inputs from
all groups in society.
NHI Project Manager
February 15 2006

A place in history?I'i

EDITOR, The Tribune
COMMENTS from Paul
Adderley concerning the
appointment of Arthur D.
Hanna as Governor General
certainly were profound and
raises what I think might be
At this late stage, as Sir
Arthur Foulkes also seems to
agree, there will not be any
Constitutional Amendment
but that will wait until after
the next election.
In the event the Christie
government is returned with a
substantial majority I predict
that we will see soon there-
after a referendum for Con-
stitutional Amendments
which will include that the
Bahamas will adopt a Repub-
lic position, drop inevitably
the Privy Council (hanging
will commence) and we will
have a President by appoint-
ment, remain in The Com-
monwealth and have an elect-
ed Prime Minister, etc., etc.
Prime Minister Christie
sees himself as the historic
first President of The Repub-
lic of The Commonwealth of

The Bahamas. That is why A,','
D Hanna will not serve very
long and his appointment will"
have served the political pur-
pose that Mr Christie wished:'
The position of Governor"'
General retains a pension-
equivalent of the standing"'
salary plus other perks for life '
and for the widow.
Will Bahamians buy on?'.
Yes as the majority have no
connection to Her Majesty;;,'
ask 10 when last Her Majesty
visited the Bahamas and none"
could give you the correct,
response. This move will be,'.
seen as an expedient way to
remove the Privy Council and~ -
capital punishment will come
to the fore. I for certain hope,
that crime will be reduced, -
but as a writer wrote today I
really doubt that.
Time will tell whether my
tea leaves have been crrect,-
but this I believe is in the back-'
of Prime Minister Christie's'
thinking as it will write him:.
down in Bahamianhistory: '
February 10 1006

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I c I nioui -D

0 In brief

Man held

in alleged



FREEPORT On Saturday
Grand Bahama police made
their sixth drug arrest for the
month at Lucayan Harbour
when a young man was alleged-
ly caught trying to smuggle
$30,000 worth of cocaine.
At about 4.15pm on Satur-
day, a K-9 officer saw a young
man acting suspiciously before
boarding the Cloud 10 fast fer-
ry to West Palm Beach, Flori-
During a search of the man, it
is alleged that the officer dis-
covered one kilo of packaged
cocaine hidden inside a travel
A 21-year-old resident of
Gilbert Crescent was arrested
and handed over to Grand
Bahama DEU officers.
Supt Basil Rahming said this
is the sixth drug seizure at the
harbour this month, resulting
in the arrest of 12 persons and
the confiscation of 13 kilos of
cocaine with an estimated value
of $390,000.

Five arrested
for alleged

FIVE persons were arrested
over the weekend at an Abaco
resort for alleged drug posses-
At about 12.40pm on Satur-
day, police executed a search
warrant on a room at the Aba-
co Inn Resort at Marsh Har-
bour. During a search, police
discovered three kilos of
:The five occupants of the
room 23-year-old and 31-
year-old men, both residents of
Grand Bahama, a 31-year-old
man from Spring City, Abaco, a
22-year-old woman of Margate,
Florida, and a 19-year-old
woman of North Lauderdale,
Florida were arrested and
flown to New Providence.
The drugs, which have an
estimated street value of
$90,000, were also flown to New

Man is
charged with
murder on
February 6

' RENALDO Perez Bullard of
Fraziers' Subdivision was
arraigned before Chief magis-
trate Roger Gomez yesterday
charged with the murder of
Kevin Larimore.
SAccording to court dockets,
it was on Sunday, February 6,
that Bullard is accused of
"intentionally and unlawfully"
causing Larrimore's death.
Bullard, who was not repre-
sented by counsel, was not
required to plead to the charge
and was remanded to Fox Hill
Prison. The case resumes on
March 28.

': I

2:00am Community Page/1540 AM
11:00 Immediate Response
12:00 ZNS News Update
2:03 Caribbean Today News
12:05 Immediate Response Cont'd
1:00 Tourism Today
1:30 Spiritual Impact Shirley Lewis
2:00 Portraits In Blacc Diane
2:30 Hugh Campbell Basketball
Tournament Update
2:45 Gilletfe Sports World
3:00 Durone Hepburn
3:30 Sid Roth
4:00 The Fun Farm

4:58 ZNS News Update
5:00 i sa Knight & The Round Table
5:30 411
6:00 Bahamian Things
6:30 News Night 13
7:00 Bahamas Tonight
:00 TheGem of Exuma
8:30 Island Life Destinations
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Tournament Update
915 Good News Bahamas
9:30 Da' Down Home Show
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11:30 Immediate Response
1:30am CommunityPage1540AM


DEFENCE attorneys for
six men charged with the 2001
murder of Peter Clark during
cross-examination of a prose-
cution witness yesterday raised
several questions about
"inconsistencies" in the wit-
ness' recollection of events.
Defence lawyer Wilbert
Moss suggested to Sgt Elvis
Williams yesterday that he had
given three separate versions
of what had happened at the
Travellers Inn club on the
night of Friday, May 11, and
the morning of Saturday, May
Mr Moss stated that there
were inconsistencies between
what Sgt. Williams had testi-
fied in the present trial in the

NASSAU swindler Derek
Turner faces 20 years in a US
jail after "failing to be hon-
est" with FBI agents about the
scale of his fraud.
Assistant US attorney
Lawrence Ferazani accused
Turner of trying to implicate
one of his victims as a co-con-
And he said Turner tried to
mislead investigators after his
arrest about the number of
people he had cheated.
Turner, a New Zealander
who ran a global investment
scam from his Paradise Island
home, had originally plea-bar-
gained a seven-year jail term
with American authorities.
But the FBI thought again
when it became clear how big
Turner's scam was.
Now he has been sentenced
to 20 years, the maximum
term, for running the $55 mil-
lion hedge fund racket.
Turner, in a rambling 90-
minute speech to the court,
blamed law enforcement offi-
cials and himself for his plight
and pleaded for compassion
from Judge Joanna Seybert in
a US district court in Long
Island, New York.
But the judge rejected his
plea and said: "The door swings
both ways... I also have to have

Supreme Court, what he stat-
ed before a magistrate at the
preliminary inquiry and what
he had written in his report
shortly after the incidents at
the Travellers Rest.
Sgt Williams assured the
lawyer that that was not the
Defence lawyer Michael
Kemp questioned Sgt.
Williams as to why he had tes-
tified that Jeffrey Miller was
inside the club when he had
not put it in his initial report or
stated it at the preliminary
inquiry. Sgt. Williams replied
that he did see Jeffrey Miller
inside the Travellers Inn club
on the night of May 11, 2001.
Mr Kemp, however, insisted
that that was impossible and
challenged the prosecutors to

compassion for the victims."
Turner said his attempts to
make good in other ventures
"demonstrated the capacity to
do the right thing" and asked
to be given a light sentence so
he could repay his victims.
However, Mr Ferazani
scoffed at Turner's remarks,
saying he had been dishonest
with investigators.
Turrer's attorney, Joseph
Conway, said his client would
Turner was arrested last
April on charges of running a
phony fund that promised
investors returns of up to 40
per cent a year.
He was eventually trapped
in an FBI sting operation by
former conman turned
preacher Barry Minkow, who
now dedicates himself to
catching investment swindlers.
Prosecutors said Turner,
who lived the high life in the,
Bahamas and owned a string
of vintage cars, simply pock-
eted his clients' money.
Investors from New
Zealand, Australia, the
Caribbean and the United
States fell victim to the scam,
which Minkow said could
have developed into the
biggest worldwide investment
racket of all time.

show that Sgt Williams had
earlier indicated the informa-
tion. Mr Kemp also suggest-
ed to the witness that his client
was not even at Travellers Inn
club that night, but was at
another club.
During cross-examination
by defence lawyer Murrio
Ducille, Sgt. Williams admit-
ted that he had taken John
Moxey into custody outside
the Travellers Inn club that
night after a fight had erupted
between him and "Ellie", the
doorman, but had released
him because he was intimi-
dated by the large group of
men, including the deceased
Peter Clark who had sur-
rounded him. During cross-
examination by Mr Ducille,
Sgt. Williams said he did not

see Derek Bastian or Neil
Prosper stab Peter Clark.
After admitting that he had
seen Derek Bastian with
injuries on the night of Friday,
May 11, Mr Ducille suggested
to Sgt. Williams that he had
"fallen down on his duties"
having not sought to question
Derek as to how he had sus-
tained his injuries.
"I did not," Sgt. Williams
Sgt. Williams admitted that
some 15 persons had sur-
rounded a green Plymouth
Acclaim outside the club that
night and that Derek Bastian
was among those attacking the
persons inside the car. The
prosecution will continue with
its re-examination of Sgt.
Williams today.

* DEREK Turner, whose appeal for compassion was reject-
ed by a US district court judge

Inmate still on hunger strike

at Fox Hill after three weeks

Tribune Staff Reporter
THREE weeks after he
first refused to eat, Ashley
Newbold continues his
hunger strike at Her
Majesty's Prison.
Yesterday, permanent sec-
retary at the Ministry of
National Security Mark Wil-
son confirmed that, although
he is offered food daily,
Newbold continues not to
Newbold was charged
with the murder of 601
nightclub manager Joy
Cartwright in 2002.
Although he was initially
convicted of that crime, the
Court of Appeal overturned
the ruling in June, 2004, and
ordered a new trial.
Earlier this month, New-
bold began refusing food


00(serious offers ong )
or $3,200 monthly
mr. :MI

IN E, .

because, as his attorney Michael
Hanna explained, he feared it
might be poisoned in an attempt
on his life.
Mr Hanna had at that time
said his client would feel safer if
he were moved to the medium
security wing of the prison. He
also said he has had some diffi-
culty seeing his client when he
goes to the prison.
Mr Wilson said prison offi-
cials told him on Monday that
Newbold appears to be in good
physical condition considering
the length of time he has not
Nevertheless, he said, he has
asked prison doctors to give
Newbold a full examination. Mr

Wilson added that prison offi-
cials will continue to offer New-
bold food.
"'There is very little you can
do to make a person eat," said
Mr Wilson. He said officials will
continue to monitor the situa-
tion, but will not intervene
unless Newbold's well-being is
in jeopardy.
Then, he said, it is likely that
officials could step in and take
life-saving measures such as
feeding him intravenously.
Mr Wilson said that, although
he believes Newbold has a par-
ticular motive for the strike, the
ministry can only wait to see
what will happen.

Defence challenges

witness' recollection

in Clark murder trial



pleads for


inside Fox

Hill prison


BANK Lane was abuzz with
Activity yesterday as five men
were arraigned on three sepa-
rate murder charges.
One of the three men
charged with the January 2006
murder of Michael Knowles
pleaded to a local.magistrate
yesterday that he needed pro-
tection while on remand at Fox
Hill Prison.
Kenroy Rigby and Cravon
Lewis, both' 23 years old, and
Michael Beckford, 26, all of Sol-
dier Road were arraigned
before Magistrate Marilyn
Meers yesterday on a murder
charge as well as numerous
armed robbery charges.
Before being remanded yes-
terday Rigby, who has been in
prison since.last week for a sep-
arate matter, stood up and told
Magistrate Marilyn Meers that
he was seeking to be put under
some form of protection at the
prison. Rigby said that he was
concerned for his safety as last
week he had got into conflict.
with some "drug boys" who are
on remand at maximum secu-
rity. Magistrate Meers told Rig-
by that she would put his
request in his warrant.
According to the court dock-
ets it was sometime.between
Wednesday, January 18, arid
Thursday, January 19, that Rig-
by, Lewis and Beckford, being
concerned together were
accused of causing Knowles'
The three men were also
charged with shopbreaking,
* causing grievous harm in addi-
tion to five armed robbery
charges dating back to January
...15.this.year. ..,
Lewis and Beckford.were
also charged with committing
two separate armed robberies,
causing grievous harm as well
as conspiracy to commit armed
robbery. In addition Beckford
was charged with two counts of
possession of a firearm with
intent to endanger life.
The men, who were not rep-
resented by counsel, were not
required to plead to any of the
charges against them and were
remanded to Fox Hill Prison.
Preliminary inquiries were
scheduled for May and June of
this year.

Swindler Derek Turner is

jailed for 20 years in US

The Bahamas Tele'ommuni'cations

Company Limited (BTC) wishes to inform
the general pubic that it will begin ceasing
of all GSM, TDMA Wireless, and Wireline
Accounts, which have had no activity for
six or more months as of February 20,

Customers interested in keeping their
accounts are asked to come in to BTC
within the next 10 days to make these
accounts current.

Customers, who have financial difficulties
in settling their accounts, can visit our
Credit Administration Department at our
John F Kennedy Drive location to arrange
payment plans to have their services

We thank you for your cooperation and
look forward to serving you our valued

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Email: cmajor(




400,00 (edos ofers nlI




Florida Governor Jeb Bush

FROM page one

companies that applied, the pro-
vision of gas to Florida and the .
position of the two detainees at
the Detention Centre who have
received visas to enter the Unit-
ed States.
"The meeting to my mind
was frank and purposeful. We
have clearly developed a degree
of understanding on the educa-
tional challenges of the
Bahamas and the manner in
which we should go about
working with Florida, and the
institutions of Florida and the
governor's office," he said.
Mr Christie said that they also
had "frank discussions" on
LNG and the government's -
position on the proposal. -.,
"Clearly a decision is neces-
sary in moving ahead. It is a
valuable resource that Florida is
looking forward to receive,
hopefully from the Bahamas -A
to the great benefit of the
"We spoke to the governor
specifically about assistance in
establishing a regulatory regime
that will govern any such facili-
ty established in the Bahamas.
And again to have a shared
approach towards regulating the
industry as they will have to do
on the Florida end as we would
have to in turn do on the
Bahamas' end," he said.
Governor Bush said that
Florida and the Bahamas are
tied together by history, culture,
and geography.
"The relationship we have,
while strong, can only get i
stronger with mutual coopera-
tion," he added. -' :
One such effort to strengthen
the relationship is the imple-
mentation of the Florida
Bahamas Classrooms Connec-
tions Exchange Programme.
The programme seeks to cre-
ate an infrastructure and net-
work for Florida-based schools
to partner with Bahamians
schools for educational enrich-t. ABOVE and right: Governor of Florida Jeb Bush arrives
The schools selected to pilot in in the Bahamas yesterday morning and is greeted by US Ambas-
the new initiative are Wood- sador John Rood
cock Primary, S C McPherson
Junior High and C I Gibson
Senior HighSchpol. (Photo: Felip ,llajor/Tribune staff)

Negotiation and Mediation skills

to be held at the British
4 day Certificate ADR Workshop March 21-24, 2006 Coloniol Hilton Nassau
Presented by the Stiff Feld Handy Group. ,
Earn a certificate from the University of Windsor Law School.

"The material was very informative and will
definitely add value to me and my company. To
have the ability to resolve internal dispues. in
house is a very positive thing."
Marion G Snuth, Bahamas Telecommunlcanon.s Conmpjn. Nsjau

"Material was excellent. Instructors very
effective. I workjor the U.S. government and I
believe this course would be oJ benefit."

:16-3Q7 ~7~ -." "A Divisio ofn
l.' AOR Chambeil
lom_ __ _ _



PricewaterhouseCoopers has a vacancy in its Nassau Office for an Audit Manager whose
qualifications make the individual eligible for membership in the Bahamas Institute of
Chartered Accountants. Prospective candidates should be employed in public accounting and
have at least one (1) year of experience at the Assistant Manager/Manager level in managing
a portfolio of diverse client engagements. Candidates are also required to have a high level
of computer literacy.
The position offers challenging work in the financial services industry and other areas of
industry and commerce. The salary scale, which recognizes different levels of experience
and skill, is designed to reward high performance. In addition, the Firm provides excellent
medical insurance and provident fund benefits.
Please submit your application with Curriculum Vitae to:
Human Resources Partner
Audit Manager Position
P.O. Box N-3910
Nassau, Bahamas

"L V) V-V' ~ -- -- - --


I ar~a

a~~~ ATR

pays visit to the Bahamas

S .' GOVERNOR of Florida
Jeb Bush smiles with the Prime
SMinister Perry Christie yester-
day at the Cabinet office.
The prime minister said: 'The
meeting to my mind was frank
and purposeful. We have clear-
ly developed a degree of under-
standing on the educational
challenges of the Bahamas and
the manner in which we should
.7 .go about working with Flori-
da, and the institutions of Flori-
-. da and the governor's office.'
(Photo: Felipg Major/
Tribune staff)

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WOODCOCK Primary School Choir are on song for the
visit of Florida Governor Jeb Bush
(Photo: Felipd Major/Tribune slJaf)


Dwayne T. Swaby

'l GOVERNOR of Florida Jeb Bush attends the special business
luncheon at the British Colonial Hilton yesterday

(Photo: Felipe Major/Tribune staff)

Mr. Marlni V. Bethell, Managing Director of J.S. Johnson & Company Limited
I ISJ) is pleased to announce that Dwayne T. S%%aby has successfully completed the
[nternnional Diploma m Comphance & Anti-Money Laundering. The Diploma
pro'.'des a benchmark for judging competence m ann-money laundering and
Aompllance practice.
Mr. Swaby who presently serves as Compliance and Money Laundering Reporting
Officer is a graduate of Kingsway Academy, The College of The Bahamas, and
Thv. University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada and is also an Assoiaare
or the Chartered Insurance Institute IACII.
Besides the mentioned responsibilities, Mr. Swaby is an Account Executive
who heads the Marine Underwriting Department.
Mr. Swaby is married to Michelle M. Swaby nee Gibson and they
have twin boys Seth and Sean.
Congratulations to Mr. Swaby
from the Management and Staff of J.S. Johnson!







i '





ank's donation to basketball

. "i

i PATRICK McFall (right), assistant vice-president of corporate accounts at Commonwealth
Ban'. .: enis a cheque to Larry Wilson (left) first vice-president of The Bahamas Basketball -
Fedce i;;. This donation will allow Bahamian teams to participate in qualifying tournaments for
'ihe -..;.: .ly1mpics. e

THE dreams of Bahamian
national basketball teams will
be fulfilled thanks to a gener-
ous donation from Common-
wealth Bank.
The bank has pledged to
support The Bahamas Basket-
ball Federation (BBF), a move
that will enable Bahamian
teams to compete in various
basketball tournaments
According to Larry Wilson,
first vice-president of the BBF,
the donation comes at a critical
time for the national teams as
they prepare to compete in
tournaments that are qualifiers
for the 2008 Olympics.
"On behalf of the BBF, I
want to give Mr William Sands
and Commonwealth Bank our
sincerest thanks," said Mr Wil-
"Without their assistance it
would be extremely difficult to

send our award-winning team
to the competitions they need
to go to in order to put them
on the international stage. The
team needs to be exposed to
this level of competition in
order to prepare for the
"We are also heartened by
the fact that Commonwealth
Bank supports our sport of
basketball, which plays a
tremendous part in the devel-
opment of our youth."
Mr Wilson revealed that
over 100 men, women and
even secondary students were
awarded basketball scholar-
ships in the past year alone.
He added that the donation
from Commonwealth Bank
will directly assist the Junior
Men's National Team in trav-
elling to the Tournament of
the Americas in San Antonio,
Texas, in July and the Senior

Men and Women's Teams at
the Caribbean Confederation
Championship in Jamaica this
"Commonwealth Bank
stands behind programmes
that support our youth," said
CEO and president of Com-
monwealth Bank, William
"This is our second year sup-
porting the BBF and we enter
into an agreement again this
year, encouraging them to con-
tinue their outstanding perfor-
mance at international tourna-
ments. They represent The
Bahamas in a positive manner
and we are proud to assist
them with achieving success."
Commonwealth Bank, the
country's largest publicly-held
company, supports a. wide
range of community efforts
and has helped make a differ-
ence in thousands of lives.

SA YOUNG resident
S.displays her Valentine Craft
"Love Is Me" and
her face painting at the
SJohnson Road Fun Day

Pahamas Bus & Truck Co., Ltd.
i 'NTROSE AVE. PHONE: 322-1722 FAX: 326-7452


(2 / tj.


., .. .....o. .,

,' .4 :" ....:,
v '- --- ,.. ,"

S3.7 L V6 Engine

O \matic Transmission

r wver Windows & Locks

SFront Air Bags

Air Conditioning

)/Cassette/CD Player


CHILDREN of the Johnson The children were entertained U WHILE cutting the
Road area were treated to a fun with hoop-la, crafts, bouncing castle FNM cake, FNM
lay hosted by MP for the Mon- and a surprise visit from Sponge deputy leader Brent
:agu constituency Brent Symon- Bob Square Pants. Refreshments Symonette and his
ette and his wife. were provided for all. wife join in the fun

invites applications for the position of

Human Resource and
Training Officer

Bachelor's Degree in related area and/or HR Certification
Proficiency in Advanced Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Access, Outlook
O & Internet Explorer
Ability to work quickly and accurately and cope with large volumes
of work
Strong interpersonal skills and communication skills
Excellent organizational and administrative skills
Facilitation and meeting skills


Assists the Director of HR/Training and the HR Manager
Assists with Training duties and programmes
Assists with HR duties and research projects
Assists in the planning and execution of all social/employee events
Disseminates internal information to personnel as required
S Composes letters, memos and reports
Prepares Training Certificates of Participation/Attendance

Compensation package will include a competitive salary, depend-
ing on experience, together with a comprehensive range of

Send resume no later than March 3, 2006 to:

Director of HR & Training

51 Frederick Street
P.O. Box N-4853
Fax 326.3000




P A.

) Cz%


S .., : .. .
:- ,. t :. : ; -, . .


Wr I

"Bringing Opportunity to the Commu.




Vol 3.2

Ft r aiiru


S-DC in Re-Accreditation Process
M.lonths ol preparation and insiiiulional sell study finally paid or in early January when The
Bahamas campus ol SD-C undervw-nl lour d-I,,' of criir a evaluation
btv the t.lddle Slale. Association of Colleges and Schools
Dr. Edison O Jackson Chair 01 Ihe Middle Stales' Accreditation
team made his ortiiia visit to Ihis campuss and spenl imne e.xamining
student records. lacully prolles adminislralonri policles iand pro-
cedures The purpose o the visil was lI dtermrin-e the suiiabiily ol Ihe
i institution lor continued membership in and erndirsemern by, the Middle
SStales accreditation body
"All accredried inslilutions are obliged I. urnderqgu nslilutional
S~sell-studo and then to submit to normal assessment by ihe accrediting
;'-. organization 'Dr Jackson explained The visits come ai regular inler-
vals. usually in len-vear cycles, and my lob is I:t delermine 1i the par-
licular school is living up 1 t i s inlendd maindatlale 1 iI delivering .a
quality educalional product II its record-I-:eeping and Imnarcal manage-
S ment are sound and If students and alumni are slislihed wilh the end-
DR EDIO \ J SO,. product We re also interested to I-n.:w it Ihe in-tilulion is serving a
haiDR EDI J Ah iworlhiht purpose within h e communalv
Chir o iTe The Bahamas visit represents the Iirsi phase of SD-C's re-
- ccrlerannion tIeam of the accrediairon proc-ess- the main campus in Ballim:ire ['Mar, land wilt be
.lliddlc Situle \t ocnritioni assessed in earlv Aipril Orie Ilr e visaliori pro.crE.. has. been rcompIle-
ofr Collht s anld Schools ed. In-illulions receive a final report irom 1he ,h.:.:red ing body
rec nitr paid an In the meantime. to quote Dr Jackson. his campus can be
a e~sn'entl i it to thie proud ol Inp greal lob s it is doing in offering a Ine qualli, educational
Bha _as canpu product to sludents and in helping irem tro r.inilorm their lives The
o c a qualifications and credentials of your laculiv are ail ver, impressive
Qf SD-C Dr. Jackson is also the president oil Medgar Evers College. one
oI Ihe colleges ol the City Universl., 1i rJe i'rit.

S-DC Ed Majors Take to the Classrooms
f 'reran Educatrt; Hf -pl Pr,, St v i n
Once again, students enrolled in Ire Bache lor'
Degree in Early Childhood Education or in Secondary
Educallon will be under the microscope during the months
o1 February and March as they undergo several weePs o0
intense teaching practice.
SDC Adminisltralor, Mrs. rJNavdcn Sulrierland, who also ::
has responsibility for coordinating the Educalon program.
recently announced that as usual. Teaching Praclice begins i
in January and runs through 10 March.
"The formal narrie of the c,'urse Direcled Sludenl
Teaching Sulherland explained. There is a componentl 0o
the course where you actually take the student teachers
into the particulars of teaching melhodologv lesson plan-
ning, stralegies for mainiaaning discipline and the like The
second component is Ithe actual teaching practice whereby
the students plan lessons, stand before classes and
leacrh "
This year SDC is proud to announce Ihal hev have .IIRS. HA.RRIET PRATT. veteran educator
secured the services of Mrs. Harriet Pratt a veteran educa- and retrird Disrrict Superintendent will be
Ior and retired Dislrict Superinlendentl .lrs. Pratt brings a supervising DC ED majors as they work
wealth or experience and exposure to Ihe role ol supervis- through the Teaching Practice component of
ing our Ed majors and we are certain Inal she will impart hucir course.
many skills and a great degree of confidence to our student


Sir Orville Turnquest
Sir Orville Turnquest, Q.C., for-
mer Governor-General of The
Bahanma has graciouslv consented
1O head Ihe new Board ol Advisors tor
mhe SD-C Bahamas Campus
The Advisory Board tunclions .a-i
a morilriing and mentoring arm o0


the College, and its broader functions
include review of proposals and pro-
grams especially with a view Inowards
determining strategies Itor deeper
communiiv penetration and virtblld,,
on rhe part ol lhr College
Advisory Board member r

6 Weeks
6pm 9pm

Registration: $25.00
Course Begin: Wednesday March 1st, 2006

Who should take this course?

Community Leaders, Entry Level & Middle Managers,
Private Business Owners, Insurance Agents,
All other Interested Persons

Contact us now for
information and registration

Call us at Ph: 394-8570 or Fax: 394-8623
or visit us at
or at Gold Circle House, East Bay Street.

include Rev. Dr. Simeon B. Hall, Mrs.
Albertha Byer, Rev. Dr. Phillip
Rahrring. Dr. Mildred Hall-Walson.
Mr Anthon, Ferguson, Mr Marion
Johnson and Ms Deborah Bartlett

Dr. Philip Rahming Dr. Mildred Hall-Watson Ms. Debbie Bartlett
I' DI A C i

I~ /

S-DC Marketing Consultant, Dr.
Sophia Rolle recently walked away with
the 2006 Cacique Award for Human
Resources Development.
The Cacique Awards are the high-
est national awards of recognition for
excellence in all areas of the hospitality
industry and with her vast experience
as a lecturer, Irainer. columnist and
consultant in the industry, Dr. Rolle cer-
tainly fits the bill.
Congratulations, Dr. Rolle, we at S-
DC are proud of you!
DR. SOPHIA ROLLE, Marketing Consultant
at SD-C. at the tenth annual Cacique Awards
ceremony where she captured the award for
Human Resources Development.


.....'-.... . .' ..... ......


Is offering a

Professional Development Course


Basic English



Certificate Courses at
Sojourner-Douglass College

Register Now: for a Certificate Course in;
* Contemporary Issues of Adolescent Psychology
A :colege-level. ?3-cie3i course which e>plores adolescent
psychology., current is-ues and challenges lacing today's young
people, and analyse'. selected intervention strategies
Course recommended tur Parenis. Counselors Youih Workers
* Conversational Creole
A college-leve"l 3-credl :ourse whicn iinlroduces you to Hailian Creole and
Io Ihe culture oi Haiti
Course recommended for everyone.
* Employment Law & Practices
A college-lc .el 3-,'rpedi course whicn Inlroduces the employment
legislation rof The Bahamas and analyses current workplace practices and
Course recuimmenlded I':r middle managers.
business owners, human resource personnel

All courses are fully approved for college-level instruction.
Experienced, qualified lecturers and presenters
Current, relevant materials and case studies
SCertificate offered upon completion
Courses transferable into full Bachelor's degree programs
SSpecial company rate available for 5 or more
persons registering from same company / school / church (200o
off course fee)

Cost per Course: $565.00
(plus registration fee of $20.00)

--- r -1- -----~c~----




A 1TS FB R 10T T U
e~sET II ~n~0

Bahamas 'will lose $1.2bn

if LNG not approved soon'

FROM page one

would feed natural gas through
submerged pipelines directly to
the state after their project for
Grand Bahama harbour was
not approved.
Governor Bush said that the
bottom line is that there is not
enough demand in Florida to
legitimize two facilities, echo-
ing the message that the
Bahamas needs to "make up
their mind" if they want an

LNG facility.
"We approved as a govern-
ment the rights necessary to
run pipelines underneath our
reefs back up and into Fort
Everglades to where the gas
lines would connect into the
existing pipeline. We have
approved both of the projects
from that perspective and I
don't think there are signifi-
cant environmental issues if
that's the perspective that the
Bahamian government wants

The Art iof Islan i Livin,

Mitchell Goldl Family jewels.
Our Nickl Collection defines luxury for everyday living. As part of the Mitchell
Gold Platinum Collection, her generous scale offers a sumptuous sit like no
other. Her secret? Cushions thickly stuffed with a band of European whhne goose
down feathers. The Ncuki Collection is available slipcovered in a vast wardrobe
of Mltchel Gold washable or dry-clean tabncs. Wnhch proves to be just as luxe
in rtgBds ease of care and versatility. Welcoming of less than perfect children

i :5 .. m:.., o i. ... .

2 orp ,s 'itraA e

to take.
"About a month ago a com-
petitor (Suez Energy) came to
us with a new technology
which is a buoy .technology
where these large LNG
tankers would come, connect
into this buoy, pipe the LNG
through a similar pipeline,
connect into Fort Everglades
where it would be regasified."
Governor Bush added that
for those who don't believe
that such a programme would
work, there are already four in
the US.
"It's an option, and it's an
option that would probably go

off the table if the Bahamas
decides to move forward.
Because the first thing that
occurs to me is that there is
not enough capacity to
demand two terminals being
built at the same time," he
Echoing this sentiment, US
Ambassador John Rood
warned that if the Bahamas
takes too long, Florida would
approve the offshore terminal
thus undermining the $1.2 bil-
lion in revenue that the coun-
try could have received.
"I think the governor's
point is that there are two

proposals in the Bahamas and
one in Florida. The first one
that gets the go-ahead is going
to be the winner. But if the
Bahamas waits too long the
one in Florida will probably
be the one.
"However if one of the two
in the Bahamas gets the go-
ahead right now it will proba-
bly become the successful pro-
ject. But I think he indicated
pretty clearly that its impor-
tant to Florida to get LNG.
whether its through the facili-
ty in Florida or one of the
facilities in the Bahamas," he

Action filed against

Baha Mar settled

out of court

FROM page one

Mar Development Co., Ltd, defendants, entered
into a "parole contract" in which the law firm
was to provide legal services associated with the
purchase and redevelopment of the Cable Beach
properties for which Sarkis Izmirlian and his com-
panies agreed to pay.
The law firm, the first plaintiff in the action,
sent the Izmirlians invoices for services for
The Gibson law firm, acting on the Izmirlians'
instructions engaged the services of Michelle
Roberts andCompany and L.T.D. Surveying and
Engineering Ltd, second and third plaintiffs in the

and The College of the Bahamas
Bahamas Association for Cultural Studies


Published poet Ph, D.
Published poet Caribbean Studies and
and Lecturer Institute of Women's Studies
and Gender Studies
New College, University of Toronto

Wednesday, February 22
Tine: 12:00-2:00pm
Venue: Lecture Theatre, 3rd Floor, Michael H Eldon Complex
Lecture: "Unwritten: race, violence, sexuality and Jamaican performance"
This presentation is based on Dr Smith-Ford's research and begins
by looking at the internationalization of the debate on homosexuality
in Jamaica and then discusses the way in which alternative and queer
masculinities appear in nationalist and anti-colonial narratives of the

Thursday, February 23
Time: 7:00pm
Venue: Choices Restaurant, Bahamas Tourism Cenire
Dr Ford-Smith will be the featured artist at a poetry reading.
She will be drawing from her book called "My Mother's Last Dance"
Contact: Institutional Advancement at Tel. 302 4365 or 302-4304

action, for which they were to receive fees for
"further payment" to the two contracted com-
panies. The two companies submitted bills
totalling $41,045.45.
In its statement of claim the law firm said that
it 'had demanded payment for $192.756.97 and
$41,045.45, but the defendants in "breach of con-
tract have either failed and/or refused to pay the
same whereby the plaintiffs have suffered loss
and damage."
Under the Civil Procedure (Award of Interest)
Act, the three plaintiffs claimed interest on the
sum owed.
The total claimed was $232,802.42, plus dam-
ages and costs.

Bush 'satisfied'

with investigation

into the alleged

attack on reporter
FROM page one

day he was "satisfied with the feelings I have expressed on behalf
on a lot of people from Florida and that they were listened to
attentively by the prime minister and his team- which is all I can
"With the clear understanding that this is an important issue
and there's a resolve it. That is all that I asked for, and
that's what I got and I'm very appreciative" he said.
According to witnesses, US reporter Vallejo was hit in the face
with a baton while using a public pay phone outside the Detention
Centre compound.
Vallejo was covering the reunion of seven Cubans, rescued two
weeks ago from Elbow Cay, and their relatives who flew in from
Miami to meet them.
Reports of the incident in US newspapers and on television
sparked protests by Cuban activists and threats of a boycott against
the Bahamas.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Fred Mitchell met with US Ambas-
sador John Rood and representatives from the Ministry of Immi-
gration, and Defence Force on the matter last Friday.
The results of this meeting, he told The Tribune earlier, will be
forwarded by Ambassador Rood to the three Congressmen who
had written to US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice requesting
her to intervene in the alleged beating.

United States

Cuban dentists
will be released

to the US

FROM page one

Guard in Bahamian waters
more than 10 months ago.
The two men, David
Gonzalez Mejias and Mar-
ialys Darias Mesa, were
caught in their attempt to
leave Cuba by way of the
"visa lottery" held annu-
ally by the US.
Although the men won
their visas in the lottery,
Cuban president Dr Fidel
Castro reportedly would
not let them leave the
country because their
medical training made
them "too important' to
spare," according to the
Wall Street Journal.
Immigration and
Labour Minister Vincent
Peet told The Tribune last'
, week that both Cuba and
the US want the men, and
that the Bahamas has to
review the matter thor-
oughly before making: a
During his first official,
visit to the New Provi-
dence yesterday, Gover-
nor Bush had a chance to,
discuss the matter with,
Prime Minister Perry,
Christie in a meeting at the,
Cabinet office. ,'
Said Mr Christie of the
meeting: ..
"With respect to the
Cuban detainees. We've,
had frank discussions on:
the challenges ahead. The
governor reinforced what<
we know to be a strong
relationship between the:
USA and the government,
of the Bahamas that,
already manifests itself in;
the sharing of American
resources assisting us,to
protect the territory and
integrity of the Bahamas
and any concerns assoti-
ated with that," he said. ,.
The prime minister said
that both parties have,in
respect to "the way for.-
ward matters of immigra-
tion and detainees" agreed
on establishing "a better,
and stronger relationship
which. will enable us t0
make decisions much
more quickly to the bepe,-
fit of both countries."
"The governor 'left the
expectation on the table
that the Bahamas govern-
ment would address
aggressively this concern
of the continued detention
of the two detainees and
he has the assurance fromi
us that as we speak we are.
in the process of trying to
bring the matter, hopeful-
ly, to a conclusion in the.
best interest of all con-
cerned and consistent with
the national interest of the
Commonwealth of the
Bahamas," he said.
At a press conference
held later in the day at the
Ministry of Education, The
Tribune asked Mr Bush
how the US would react if
the Bahamas decides to
return the two dentists to
The governor declined
to answer to the question,
deferring it to Ambas-
sador Rood.
"The governor had a
very great discussion with
the prime minister
expressing what he has
heard from the families (of
the dentists) in the States.
I shared my thoughts and
the prime minister shared
his thoughts, and we heard
his statement, anid he is
confident that we're gonna
have a solution that is sa-
isfactory to all," he saidd'
Speaking at the Chadt*
ber of Commerce a^|.
Rotary Clubs luncheon 'a
the British Colonial Hilton
yesterday, Governor Bush
said that it is important,
that the Bahamas ac!,
Florida do not take their
close relationship f4r
granted. f ace.
"Let's facet what does

Cuba have to offer the
Bahamas? DemocractL,
rule of law which is yote
hallmark a growing econ-
omy, what do they offe?'
Perhaps sending\thefr
enslaved people to a free
country. It's shameful.
"I frankly think t~iat
there are tremendt4s
opportunities to, enhance
the relationship (between
the US and the Bahamak)
and thereby eliminate ail;
worries about new rela-
tionships," the governor



PA3&GE- 10, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 2006

Momentum gathers for

shows at Dundas Centre

pany, South Florida's premiere
dance troupe, will conduct a
three-day residency at the
Duridas Centre for the Per-
forining Arts.
he contemporary dance
company is the oldest and most
successful in Florida and is cel-
eJr,ating its 24th season.
'Momentum returns to Nas-
su' for a third year as part of
an international cultural
exchange programme spon-
sored by the Florida Division
of Cultural'Affairs and the
Miami Dade County Depart-
menft of Cultural Affairs.
'lhe activities are also spon-
sored by the Dundas Centre.
The residency will host two
performances of Five Journeys
anfi a Laugh on Friday, March
3 and Saturday, March 4, at
81jm nightly at the Dundas.

-.Five Journeys and a Laugh
includes several exciting dance
works, including: Highway, a
danice which celebrates open
spaces, limitless freedom,
quirky locations, offbeat
adventures, and bonding expe-
ribnces between travel com-
panlions..Music is by Jimi.Hen-.
drim, Steppenwolf and Bob
-:Noted soloist Odman Felix
will also perform.
SOther performances will
irfdlude Rain, and Night Spell,
BiYds Flying in Warped Time,
Mt'vimento Feroz and Senti-
rhntos Profundos.
o At 2pm on Sunday Momen-
tuth will perform a special chil-
dren's programme aimed at
fAatilies with children ages 4- ,:
A.The dancers will perform the
classic Peter and The Wolf, the le
clissic folk tale with music by 4~
Rtlssian composer Sergei
Prbkofiev. Children join the
clever Peter and his friends, the
bird and duck, as they work
together to outwit and capture
tlihFierce wolf. Each character .
is*6presented'by a different
instrument of the orchestra- .-
aibd a unique way of moving.
Fish Tales, the second chil-
d en's performance, tells the
story of marine life on Flori-. - -
daS coral reefs.

Tribune gives me a head
start. The Tribune is
my newspaper.
For delivery of the leading
Baharnia newspaper, call The bune
Tribune's Circulation Department The T 502-2383 or visit our offices on ,,, J, -
Shirley Street to sign up today!

Co iral s making it even easier for me to pay my premiums!

iliriaMarch: Ist, all.I need is my policy number and I can

y Bank of The Bahamas branch nationwide to make my
h so many branches to choose from, I'll never have
to go out of my way to safeguard my future.

ks, Colinalmperial, for catering to MY needs!

;Colina Imperial

Confidence For Life

lui~SLr\r, rttiHUAHL ~LS,20Ub, rr, .-




Vol. I Issue VII

On February 8, 2006 Tony Lewis,
Executive Assistant in the President's
Office, received a call from a BTC Customer
who had visited CyberWorld in the Mall
at Marathon in order to purchase a cell
The customer, Ms. Black, had visited
CyberWorld with the intention of
purchasing an affordable cellular phone.
It is during this time that Ms. Black met
Arnette Farrington a Customer Service
Representative of CyberWorld.
Arnette, a 1 year employee of
CyberWorld assisted Ms. Black by
recommending various handsets that she
might be interested in. However, after
questioning Ms. Black about the type of
service she preferred and where in New
Providence she resided, Ms. Farrington
recommended a Nokia handset because
it best suited Ms. Black's needs.
Ms. Black said she was unable to
purchase the recommended phone as it
was more than she had budgeted for,and
she was $20 short. What happened next
amazed Ms. Black! Ms. Farrington took
the initiative to assist the customer, and
paid the $20 difference "out of her own
pocket," so that she could purchase the
Arnette is definitely a positive role
model as she takes pride in her interaction
with customers and delights in exceeding
their expectations.
It is her philosophy that Customer


Service Representatives must be able to
determine customer needs while
maintaining a role as an ambassador for
BTC. She knows that it is more credible
for a customer to tell another customer
about the service of BTC.
In articulating her views, Ms. Farrington
stated that as a company BTC is
committed to professional and personal
development of its employees and that it
this is evident in the number of training
seminars, and promotions that the
employees participate in.
"Customers today value time, efficiency

and effectiveness. There should zero
tolerance for those employees who are
proven to be rude to customers. BTC has
a responsibility to its customer to have
suitable persons in suitable positions''said
Ms. Farrington.
She would like to the Customer Service
reputation of BTC to be reflected in the
response times to customer complaints
and the attitude with which complaints
are resolved.
Her advice to individuals in the
Customer Service area is a testament to
her dedication. "Each customer is an
opportunity for you to promote our
organization.A simple smile usually makes
a customer's day.
We are not doing the customer a favor,
however we should be honored that they
have chosen our organization.Always asks
the customer before they leave if there is
any thing else you can do for them. Make
a follow up call to ensure that the
customer is satisfied"
She has adopted her own motto -
"Strive for perfection but excellence will
be tolerated".
Ms. Farrington believes that BTC should
"wow" the customer with every encounter,
and just as importantly "love your job
because it shows in your performance.'
Reinforcing Ms. Farrington's conviction
for paramount Customer Service is
Ricardo Thompson, Senior Manager of
CTO Management:

"It has been said that the "Frontline".of
all companies is where the service
impressions are made and where the
decision to do, or not to do business is
made also.The persons on the frontline
of any business can make or break that
particular business.
At BTCwe continually strive to seek out,
identify and place on the frontline, those
persons who possess the qualities to
creatively improve the quality of service
rendered to our customers.
Having observed Ms.Arnette Farrington
on numerous occasions as she provided
unmatched quality service to the
customers of Cyber World, I was always
intrigued by her consistent courteous and
determined approach to bring resolution
and or satisfaction to every customer she
encounters. It was no surprise to me when
the story of Arnette's "blow away"
customer service act surfaced, because to
me Ms. Arnette Farrington is one ot our
frontline persons who epitomize
exemplary customer service.
To Ms.Arnette Farrington, I congratulate
you for the many acts of exceptional
customer service you performed and I am
certain that with or without the spotlight,
you will produce similar results."

e: ,n, and Staff wish tO,
-*. Qo

I iL C- Ir~~


~rrlif~ f j 1 i .L3ll j y'

i., ct I,


SECTION Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall Street

Bush calls on Bahamas

to diversify economy

Tribune Business
lorida Governor Jeb
Bush yesterday
urged the Bahamas
to use its robust
tourism industry as
a springboard to develop a diver-
sified economy, one that was not

TWO brothers who are per-
manent residents of the
Bahamas are embroiled in a
bitter $88 million legal fight
involving their company,
Bahamian-registered metals
and commodities broker, Met-
als Resource Group (MRG).
Amir Weissfisch is suing his
older brother, Rami Weisfisch
(their surnames are spelt dif-
ferently), for allegedly going
back on an agreement to dis-
solve their business partner-
ship. Rami is vigorously deny-
ing the allegations and fight-
ing the claim, which has been
filed in the UK High Court.
The legal dispute and sub-
sequent falling out between
the brothers has already had
wider implications for the
The Tribune revealed pre-
viously how the pair had been
looking at a resort develop-
ment in Half Sound,
Eleuthera, on land owned by
the Hotel Corporation. That,
though, is understood to have
been scuppered by the dispute.
In addition, Rami's name
surfaced as a possible buyer of
Philip Ruffin's former Cable
Beach hotel properties, the
Wyndham Nassau Resort and
Crystal Palace Casino and
Nassau Beach Hotel last year

so heavily reliant on that sector.
Speaking at a luncheon at the
British Colonial Hilton held in
his honour yesterday, Mr Bush
said that although Florida's
tourism industry was thriving,
he and state legislators were
carving out new industries to
help diversify the state's econo-
He encouraged the Bahamas
not to think that tourism will

when negotiations between Mr
Ruffin and the eventual pur-
chasers, Dikran and Sarkis
Izmirlian, had reached a tem-
porary impasse.
Several sources believe
Rami's name was introduced
to put pressure on the Izmir-
lians and their Baha Mar
Development Company,
which missed the initial dead-
line to buy Mr Ruffin's prop-
erties because they had been
unable to conclude a deal with
the government.
The Tribune also reported
at that time that Rami's attor-
ney in the Bahamas was Phillip
'Brave' Davis.
Details on the UK legal bat-
tle surfaced in that nation's
Observer newspaper over. the
The newspaper reported
that the dispute centred on an
alleged agreement struck by
the brothers when Rami was
about to have heart surgery,
He allegedly wanted to make
sure his family were provided
for if he died, and Amir trans-
ferred the $88 million to Rami
and his daughter.
Rami survived his heart
operation, and Amir was said

SEE page 2B

always be its number one indus-
try, taking into account the
numerous new destinations
emerging all the time, increas-
ing competition in the global
tourism industry.
"With the world as it is now,
moving at warp speed, the coun-
tries that build a business cli-
mate second to none will suc-
ceed," Governor Bush advised.
He said the geography of the
Bahamas and its good business
climate made it an excellent
place for investment, a point reg-
ularly argued by Minister of
Financial Services and Invest-
ments, Allyson Maynard-Gib-
Diversifying also meant
improving the air and sea ports,
making them first class, he
Governor Bush called it a
"twenty-first century way of
thinking" that was necessary to
ensure the Bahamian economy
survives, despite its success in
To diversify Florida's econo-
my, Governor Bush said the sur-
plus in his budget was put to sev-
eral uses. $1,5 billion in tax cuts
were granted to Florida busi-
nesses, he said.
His state has earmarked $100
million to attract world class

scholars to Florida's universities,
as well as to boost laboratories
and other facilities at institutions
Another $100 million was set
aside to maximise research and
development, while other funds
have been authorised to encour-
age more entrepreneurship in
Florida, with tax credits provid-
ed for venture capital.
Other funds will go towards
beefing up emergency operation
centres that will co-ordinate
responses to disasters such as
Diversifying the economy also
tied in with liquefied natural gas
(LNG), said Governor Bush, a
thinly-veiled hint regarding the
two Bahamas-based projects.
The $550 million AES Ocean
Express project has been await-
ing approval from the Govern-
ment for two years, having sat-
isfied all regulatory requirements
here and in the US.
Mr Bush said there was a high
demand for LNG, which is a
cleaner fuel with less emissions.
He said at present. The cost of
LNG was rising, he added, a hint
that revenue to be derived from
approving an LNG project in the

SEE page 4B

* FLORIDA Governor Jeb Bush speaks yesterday during the
luncheon at British Colonial Hilton.

(Photo: Felipe Major/Tribune Staff)

ColinaImperial's A- rating reaffirmed

Tribune Business Editor
Colinalmperial Insurance
Company has had its A- (Excel-
lent) financial strength rating
reaffirmed by A, M. Best,
although the leading interna-
tional insurance rating agency
again expressed concern about
the high debt level at its majori-
ty shareholder.
The 'a-' issuer credit rating
and stable outlook assigned to
Colinalmperial will provide fur-
ther reassurance to the compa-
ny's policyholders and minority
shareholders that it has not been

impacted by a separate legal dis-
pute involving the shareholders
at its majority owner, the Colina
Financial Group (CFG).
Colinalmperial's former pres-
ident, James Campbell, has been
involved in a bitter battle with
former business partners and
CFG shareholders; Emanuel
Alexiou and Anthony Ferguson,
since he was ousted in March
last year. However, the battle
does not involve Colinalmperial
or impact the company.
A. M. Best said the ratings
assigned to Colinalmperial were
based upon it having the largest
share of the Bahamian life and

health insurance market, "ade-
quate risk-adjusted capitalisa-
tion and conservative reserving
Colinalmperial's capital base
was strengthened last year after
its BISX-listed parent, Colina
Holdings, raised $20 million
through a preference share issue.
The company has also been
seeking to sell three of its prop-
erties its former Village Road
headquarters, the former Cana-
da Life headquarters on Rosetta
Street, and the branch office at
No.56 Collins Avenue. Coli-
nalmperial.was aiming to raise
$16 million from these dispos-

als, and the Village Road prop-
erty is now under contract.
A. M. Best said: "Colinalm-
perial has established strong
name recognition in the
Bahamas, aind continues to cap-
italise on that by seeking new
opportunities to develop addi-
tional geographic markets while
targeting new acquisitions to
expand its distribution capacity
and improve economies of scale.
. "With the 2005 acquisition of
the Bahamas operations of
Imperial Life Finaicial, Coli-

SEE page 3B

Court rejects application

by Guana Cay protesters

Tribune Business Reporter
THE COURT of Appeal yesterday rejected the Save Guana Cay
Reef Association's (SGCR) appeals over the $175 million Baker's
Bay Golf & Ocean Club development, stating that the case against
Discovery Land Company and its subsidiaries must be completed in
the Supreme Court before any further action is taken.
The president of the Court of Appeal, Dame Joan Sawyer, along
with Justices Lorris Ganpatsingh and Emmanuel Osadebay, refused
the Association's two applications.
The first application was for dis-
covery and permission to cross- page
examine witnesses from both Dis- SEE g 2B

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The ft*bune,

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'Pension wars' loom,

many left


and dry'

This week's column is
stirred by a recent arti-
cle that appeared in

Fortune Magazine, which
explored various aspects of what
is commonly referred to as

America's looming pension cri-
Geoffrey Colvin, a senior edi-
tor at Fortune Magazine, wrote a
commentary in the January 13,
2006 edition, in which he offered
a most interesting perspective
on the recent New York City
Transit Authority strike.
He predicted; "Some of the
nastiest conflicts in America's
future have recently begun to
reveal themselves. Let's call
them, broadly, the pension wars.
"They will be fought on a
wide range of battlefields,
involving not just workers and
their employers but also gov-
ernments at all levels, regula-
tors, accountants and taxpayers.
And these wars will be bitter -
because the combatants will be
"A hint of what's to come
could be seen in the New York
City transit strike. Most of
America didn't notice exactly
what sparked the first such strike
in 25 years, costing businesses,
individuals and the city hundreds
of millions of dollars, Tlie
answer is pensions. The transit
authority and the workers
agreed on virtually everything
except how much new employ-
ees would contribute toward
their pensions 6 per cent of
wages versus 2 per cent and
neither side felt that it could give
an inch on that".
At the end of the day, transit
workers and management
reached a compromise whereby
employees will be required to
make a contribution towards
health insurance premiums,
while employee pension contri-
bution remained unchanged.
However, in the words of
Colvin: "Soon, those compro-
mises simply won't be afford-
able and that is when the pen-
sion wars will explode."
There is a much larger prob-

lem behind all of this. The prob-
lem is that many companies with
defined benefit pension plans
are severely underfunded, A
pension plan, which is a tradi-
tional Defined Benefit Plan, pro-
vides a pre-determined monthly
retirement benefit to an employ-
ee based on the employee's
earnings history, years of service
and age. The cost of these plans
is generally funded by Employer
Contributions into a trust fund.
An underfunded pension plan
is one where the known liabili-
ties (obligation to pay future
pensions) are far greater than
the assets that could be used to
pay those obligations. Further,
in all cases, those assets belong-
ing to the pension plan are'not
always separated completely
from those of the operating com-
pany (employer).
The problem of pension plan
underfunding is not just limited
to US companies. Recently, the
press carried stories indicating
that the Bahamas Telecommu-
nications Company's (BTC)
pension plan was underfunded
by $72.653 million as at Decem-
ber 31, 2004, versus $56,031 mil-
lion a year earlier. It will be
interesting to see BTC's posi-
tion as at December 31, 2006,
On a relative basis, BTC's pen-
sion funding status may be in a
far superior position to those of
the other statutory corporations
- a situation that is most fright-
As if the funding status of the
pension plans of Government
corporations is not enough, it
should be noted that the Gov-
ernment's pension plan for its
20,000-plus civil servants is com-
pletely unfunded. What this
means is that there are no assets
set aside to cover these liabilities,
The Government operates on a
pay-as-you-go system, which
means that each year it raises



through taxes sufficient funds
required to pay retirees for that
Many large European coun-
tries, such as France, Germany
and the UK, are now facing huge
pension burdens because pen-
sion costs as a percentage of the
annual budget are unsustainably
large. Pension reform is increas-
ingly being forced upon them.
According to Colvin: "This
year, the Government Account-
ing Standards Board, which sets
the rules for the public sector,
is changing its regulations. State
and local governments will now
have to reveal their pension lia-
bilities, which may be under-
funded by $1 trillion or more."
The publication of these liability
numbers will undoubtedly
unleash a fury of debate and fur-
ther call for pension reform in
the US.
In the Bahamas, we have
absolutely no idea of the size of
the unfunded pension liability
already accrued in respect of the
civil service. I am constantly
amazed by the management of
public corporations, who seem
to be of the view that irrespec-
tive of the funding status of their
pension plan and seeming lack
of corrective action, the Gov-
ernment must fully cover their
pension obligations, no matter

what. For their sake, I hope they
are right. However, the growing
global reality is that retirees'
(both public and private sector)
are increasingly being faced with
the prospect of reduced pension
payments... when, they can least
afford it.
Further. I wish to.rerind
readers that only 25 per cent of.
the population is covered by a
pension plan in the Bahamas.:
What happens to the 75 per cent
of the population w\ho will be;
left out there 'hanging high and;
Until next week...:
NB: Larry R. Gibson, a Char-
tered Financial Analyst, is vice-
president pensions, Colonial
Pensions Services (Bahamas), a
wholly-owned subsidiary of
Colonial Group International,
which owns Atlantic Medical
Insurance and is a major share-
holder of Security & General
Insurance Company in the
The views expressed are those
of the author and do not neces-
sarily represent those of Colo-
nial Group International or any
of its subsidiary and/or affili-
ated companies. Please direct
any questions or comments to.

Court rejects application

by Guana Cay protesters

FROM page 1B
cover Land Company and the Government defen-
dants the Queen, the Prime Minister, the Trea-
surer of the Bahamas, and Wendell Major, the
Cabinet Secretary.
Yet the Court of Appeal rejected the application
by the Association for a leave to appeal the inter-
locutory decision of Justice Norris Carroll, who
refused the discovery and cross-examination.
The Association and its attorney, Frederick
Smith, had also sought to have three executives
from Discovery Land Company Steve Adelson,
Joseph Arenson and Michael Meldman commit-
ted to prison for alleged contempt of court.
The grounds for this were that Discovery Land
Company had allegedly breached an undertaking
not to do any new work at Baker's Bay until the
trial on the substantive issues was completed.
The court rejected this, too,
The Justices told Mr Smith that they did not
have the right to grant an appeal under the cir-
cumstances presented.
"If you are right or wrong, we will deal with it
when it comes before us," said Dame Joan. "We
would be pre-determining the merits, when we
don't know what the merits are. This is not a court
of first instance, All of your issues can be dealt with
in other ways, but not in this court."
The Justices explained that they had already
made an Order in December, stating that the case
should go forward, based on its merits, and that it
should be completed by January 31.
"We can't order for a trial to continue, and then
suspend it," she said, "Justice delayed is justice
denied, and the public is not served by this,"

The case before Justice Carroll continues today,
Mr Smith argued that justice could not truly be
served in the case, because it would be difficult for
him to deliver closing arguments without being
able to test the evidence. It was for this reason he
had applied to the Court of Appeal to allow for
him to be able to cross-examine the witnessed
brought by the Government and the developers.'
Justice Osadebay told Mr Smith that if he felt'
the facts were in dispute, he should have chosen td
file a writ.
On the issue of the developers breaching the'
court order by continuing their land clearing and
dredging, the Justices said that issue was "totally
different" from what was brought before the Court.
Encouraging Mr Smith to follow the guidelines
of the Court if he wished to appeal the decision of
Justice Carroll at the end of the-ongoing trial, the
Justices said there was no way they could deal
with the substance of his complaints at this time,
until they were able to deal with the substance of
a judgment.
Whether or not the Association wins the case in
the court below, they will have to foot the bill for
the series of lawyers six of them present yesterday
- who were present to argue against the appliewo
tions presented. . I
The respondents are the Queen, the PrimeM -
ister, the Treasurer of the Bahamas, and Mr
Major. Additional respondents, which have beei
added by leave of the Court, are Passerine at Aba-
co Ltd and five other associated developer cp.-
Pursuant to the leave of the Court of Appeal giv-
en in November 2005, Aubrey Clarke, a resident of
Guana Cay, was added as an additional applicant.

Permanent residents in $88m legal battle

FROM page 1B

to have alleged that as part of
the November, 2001, agreement,
if his brother lived some $37,5
million would be repaid to him
within three months, along with

other sums,
However, Amir is alleging
that Rami failed to do this and
breached their oral agreement,
continuing to direct MRG's busi-
Rami, though, denies his

brother's allegations and
accounting of events. The
Observer reported Amir's State-
ment of Claim as alleging that
Rami had threatened to under-
mine his reputatiornin the



Asst. Financial Controller

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Degree with main concentration in

> 4 to 5 years experience in the related field.

> Excellent oral, written and organizational

> Must be a team player.

> Experience with supervising 10 or more

> Excellent benefits and remuneration

Interested persons should submit r6sum6 to:

The Financial Controller
P.O. Box CB 13049
Nassau, Bahamas


Career Opportunity for a



* LLB degree, Certified Public Accountant, or Bachelor's degree with
strong business analytical or legal components, ACIB/STEP or other
professional qualifications,
* 6 8 years in trust business or legal practice
* Proficiency in PC skills
* Fluency in Spanish and Portuguese an asset.

Personal Qualities

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of bankers, investors and capital advisors
* Experience in client contact
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I ULWiAY, I-LLSHUAHY 2, ,Uub, ticAUt Jt

US aims to

help reduce

Bahamas trade deficit

Tribune Business Reporter
THE Bahamas is the 19th most impor-
tant trading partner for Florida in the area of
merchandise, the Minister of Financial Ser-
vices and Investments said yesterday, this
nation having exported $624 million worth of
goods and services to the US in the first 10
months of 2005.
Speaking at a special luncheon to host
Florida's Governor Jeb Bush, Allyson May-
nard-Gibson said that based on dollar value,
the Bahamas was ranked 14th out of the top
25 countries for US exports that were
shipped overseas via Florida.
She added that the Bahamas was ranked
26th out of Florida's top 50 markets from
which merchandise was imported to the US
For the first 10 months of 2005, the
Bahamas imported $1.448 billion of US

A SOFTWARE error in the automated
scoring mechanism for the Series 7 exam
may have given some candidates who were
on the borderline for passing an incorrect
'fail' grade, it was revealed yesterday.
The Securities Commission said the soft-
ware error had affected a small number of
individuals who sate the Series 7 exam
between October 2004 and December 2005.

goods and services, according to the US Cen-
sus Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, Data
Dissemination Branch.
This meant the Bahamas-US trade deficit
was $823 million.
"These statistics are significant given the
size of our country and its population, when
compared to other countries on the same
lists," Mrs Maynard-Gibson said.
"These figures do not take into account
the vast number of Bahamians in schools or
colleges in the United States."
The minister said Ambassador John Rood
had indicated the US government's willing-
ness to decrease the trade imbalance by pro-
moting Bahamian entrepreneurship and
trade with Florida. "We also appreciate his
commitment to promoting events like this in
Florida to heighten Floridian appreciation of

Some candidates who were on the pass/fail
border received a failing grade incorrectly.
As a result, the US National Association of
Securities Dealers (NASD), which adminis-
ters the exam, was refunding individuals'
for exams, late cancellation and no-show
fees incurred as a result of people having to
sit the Series 7 again.
The Securities Commission urged Bahami-

the significance of the Bahamas as a trading
partner," said Mrs Maynard-Gibson. "We
look forward to building on our very strong
friendship to the mutual economic benefit of
our great nations."
She acknowledged the growth in trade
between both destinations that had occurred
under Mr Bush's governorship.
"Today, the Bahamas and Florida remain
linked through strong cultural and family
ties as well as trade and business relation-
ships," Mrs Maynard-Gibson added.
"Floridian merchants continue to demon-
strate their confidence in the Bahamian mar-
ket to Florida by regularly advertising sales
and other bargains in our local press to
attract shoppers to Florida."
She noted that the "construction boom "
in the Bahamas will also be good for Florida,
as a significant amount of raw material to be
used in construction will be imported from

ans who-believe they may have been affect-
ed to contact its Authorisations Department.
A reimbursement form was available from
the regulator, and a copy of this form and
results sheet had to be submitted to the Secu-
rities Commission by March 3, 2006.
The Bahamian regulator said it would
thefi lobby the NASD on behalf of affected

ColinaImperial's A- rating reaffirmed

FROM page 1B
nalmperial enhanced its posi-
tion in the local market and is
the leading life and health insur-
er in the Bahamas."
However, A. M. Best said
these strengths were "partially
offset" by the "level of financial
leverage at CFG". Other con-
cerns were the integration chal-
lenges facing Colinalmperial as a
result of its purchases of Imper-
ial Life and Canada Life.
The Bahamian life and health
insurance market was also
viewed by A. M. Best as being
The A. M. Best assessment
made no mention of the ongoing
review of Colinalmperial's oper-
ations by KPMG, which was
appointed last year to act as 'the
eyes and ears' of the Group of
Financial Services Regulators

(GFSR) specifically the Secu-
rities Commission of the
Bahamas and Registrar of Insur-
ance inside the company.
The Tribune understands that
the KPMG review exercise is
still ongoing, with a rolling series
of reports submitted to the reg-
ulators, who will then make a
decision about whether any fur-
ther action is required.
The review is focusing on
whether Colinalmperial has
complied with the 21 conditions
the Government attached in
return for approving the Imper-
ial Life deal; the integration of
the latter company and "appro-
priateness of the financing" of
that deal; and the effectiveness
of Colinalmperial's internal con-
Once the review is complet-
ed, Colinalmperial will be given
a chance to respond to any con-

cerns raised by the regulators.
The A. M. Best report said
CFG still retained a 63 per cent
stake in Colina Holdings, the
parent for Colinalmperial.
Condition five relating to the
Imperial Life approval required
CFG to remove Invesco, an affil-
iated company, as a shareholder
in Colina Holdings. The 20.7 per
cent of Colina Holdings shares
held by Invesco as at January
12, 2005, had to be sold to
investors not associated with
CFG or its principals.
As a result, minority share-
holders would end up holding
at least 49 per cent of Colina
However, although the latter
aspect has not been fulfilled, as
CFG still retains 63 per cent,
The Tribune understands that
Invesco has been liquidated as


Position of General Manager

One of our clients involved in the retail business is seeking an energetic experienced
General Manager for their Freeport, Grand Bahamas operations. Interested candidates
should have a proven track record of accomplishments and a desire to advance a chain of
Drug/Convenience Stores and Perfume stores into a new era of growth and development.

The qualified candidate must have a minimum of five (5) years hands on experience' in
multiple store management, preferably in convenience and perfume store retailing and
will report to the Chief Operations Officer. The General Manager will be directly
responsible for the stores' management teams and he or she will lead them in the delivery
of high standards of customer satisfaction, achievement of aggressive sales targets and to
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Proven track records in inventory control, merchandising and excellent communication
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An excellent remuneration and benefits package is offered, including generous
performance bonuses, medical, dental, and life insurance.

Interested candidates should submit their resumes to either of the addresses provided
below (by hand or mail) no later than Wednesday, February 22, 2006.

Resident Partner
Regent Centre East Suite A
P.O. Box F- 42682
Freeport, Grand Bahama
The Bahamas

Human Resource Partner
OR East Hill Street
P.O. Box N- 3910
Nassau, The Bahamas

Re: GM

Re: GM


Securities Commission sources
were yesterday tight-lipped as
to whether CFG had supplied a
plan to divest some of its Colina
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levels envisaged by the condi-

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Software'error itm: :acts

Ba am:i*a so.. Series .7





calls on Bahamas

to divers

LNG project. He said both LNG
projects presented to the
Bahamas government had been
approved by Florida state, with
little ecological concerns.
According to Prime Minister
Perry Christie, he had "frank

HARBOUR, ABACO, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 21ST day of FEBRUARY, 2006 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

Manager, Financial

Control & Planning
The successful candidate should possess the following
CPA or equivalent
At least 5 or more years banking experience
Responsibilities include:
Direct responsibility for the Financial Control & Planning
Providing strong support to the Chief Financial Officer,
Bahamas & Caribbean.
Ensuring timely completion and distribution of
Management & Head Office reports.
Ensuring timely completion and distribution of Central
Bank reports.
Delivering high level service and support to business
partners and colleagues.. .
Providing on-going coaching and development of staff,
ensuring a high level of employee commitment and
Required Skills:
Strong accounting background
Strong computer and analytical skills
Demonstrated written and verbal communication skills
Problem solving skills
Leadership skills
Must be a team player
A competitive compensation package (base salary & bonus)
will commensurate with relevant experience and
Please apply before February 28, 2006 to:
The Manager
Human Resources
Bahamas & Caribbean
Royal Bank of Canada
P.O. Box N-7549, Nassau, Bahamas
Via fax: (242)328-7145
Via email:

discussions" with Governor
Bush yesterday about LNG and
the challenges his government
may have.
Mr Christie said they had spo-
ken specifically about obtaining
assistance from Florida in estab-

fishing a regulatory regime that
will govern any LNG facility in
the Bahamas. This has been one
of his main concerns the
Bahamas' ability to enforce and
monitor regulations and an envi-
ronmental management plan.

Share your news
The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning /
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

NOTICE is hereby given that FRITZNER VERSINE OF
to the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas,
and that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 21ST day of FEBRUARY, 2006 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, PO.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

NOTICE is hereby given that JOHN RAVINDRA
BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as
a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows
any reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement of the
facts within twenty-eight days frori the 14TH day of
FEBRUARY, 2006 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


One of our Firm's clients, a progressive law firm, requires
the services of a business manager. The qualified applicant
must possess experience working in a law firm along with a
working understanding of accounting. Excellent benefits are
available and all responses will be treated as confidential.
Responses should be sent to the address below:
Paul Andy Gomez
Managing Partner
Chartered Accountants
P.O. Box N-8285
Nassau, N.P.,
The Bahamas
Fax No. (242) 322-7517

s Financial Advisors Ltd.
Pricing Information As Of:
20 February 2006
BISX ALL SHARE INDEX: CLOSE 1,364J. 3 /..'-4' .'' O0.0 I YTD 13.52/ YTD 01.00 ., ,
52wk-Hi 52wk-Low Symbol Previous Close Today's Close Change Daily Vol EPS $ Div S PIE Yield
0 9. 0 70 Abaco Markels 0 70 0 70 0.00 -0 169 0 000 NIM 000%
10.52 8.00 Bahamas Property Fund 10.48 10.48 0.00 450 1.456 0.360 7.2 3.44%
7.24 5.88 Bank of Bahamas 7.00 7.00 0.00 0.598 0.330 11.7 4.71%
0.85 0.70 Benchmark 0.70 0.70 0.00 0.175 0.020 4.0 2.86%
1.80 1.26 Bahamas Waste 1.26 1.26 0.00 0.105 0.060 12.0 4.76%
1.20 0.95 Fidelity Bank 1.15 1.15 0.00 0.070 0.040 16.7 3.42%
9.60 7.40 Cable Bahamas 9.53 9.53 0.00 0.689 0.240 13.8 2.52%
2.20 1.39 Colina Holdings 1.70 1.70 0.00 -0.067 0.000 NM 0.00%
9.29 7.60 Commonwealth Bank 9.29 9.29 0.00 0.861 0.450 10.8 4.84%
4.83 4.12 Consolidated Water BDRs 4.83 4.83 0.00 0.099 0.045 48.6 0.94%
2.88 1.45 Doctor's Hospital 2.79 2.80 0.01 3,500 0.437 0.000 6.5 0.00%
6.21 4.02 Famguard 6.21 6.21 0.00 0.542 0.240 11.5 3.86%
10.95 9.99 Finco 10.95 10.95 0.00 0.717 0.530 15.3 4.84%
11.00 7.50 FirstCaribbean 11.00 11.00 0.00 0.828 0.500 13.3 4.55%
10.05 7.95 Focol 10.05 10.05 0.00 0.833 0.500 12.1 4.98%
1.40 1.15 Freeport Concrete 1.15 1.15 0.00 -0.162 0.000 N/M 0.00%
10.20 9.60 ICD Utilities 9.95 9.95 0.00 850 0.526 0.405 18.9 5.43%
9.10 8.22 J. S. Johnson 8.75 8.75 0.00 0.572 0.560 15.8 6.19%
7.00 5.30 Kerzner International BDRs 6.76 6.76 0.00 0.134 0.000 50.2 0.00%
10.00 10.00 Premier Real Estate 10.00 10.00 0.00 2.036 0.760 4.9 760%
FidelylOver-The-Couer8ieeu ita~e ,:. '.. .- '' : :'.
52..K-.H. 52wk-Low Symbol B.d Ask $ Last Price Veekly Vol EPS $ Din, P.'E Yield
1 -.5 12 25 Bahamas Supermarkels 13 25 14 25 11 00 1917 0.720 7.2 5.05%
10.14 10.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%
0.54 0.20 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.00 -0.044 0.000 NM 0.00%
Cotna Over-The-Counrt recurttes ": ",.. *.: ~:k A
43 0 28 00 ABDAB .1 00 4300 41.00 2.220 0.000 19.4 0.00%
16.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 12.75 13.75 12.50 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
0.60 0.35 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.35 -0.103 0.000 N/M 0.00%
rISX Listed Mutual Fundt. .,.;:. . '
52wk.-H 52k-Low Fund Name N YTD%. Last 12 Months Div S Yield
1 2736 1 2096 Colina Money Markel Fund 1 273614"
2.6262 2.0704 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.6262 **
10.8183 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.8183*"*"
2.3241 2.1660 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 2.324145"*
1.1547 1.0894 Colina Bond Fund 1.154701*""
FINHEX: CLOSE 595.28 YTO 7.87aD%" 20026.;" 0 . '.* ...... .. "!
BISX ALL SHARE INDE X 19 Dec 02 = 1.000 00 YIELD last 12 month dividends divlaea by closing price
52wk-HI Highest closing prkLe In last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Colina end Fidellt
52wk-Low Lowest closing price In last 52 weeks Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidelity
Previous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for dally volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Change Change in closing price from day to day EPS $ A company's reported eamings per share for the last 12 mths
Daily Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV $ Dividends per share paid in the last 12 months N/M Not Meaningful
P/E Closing price divided by the last 12 month eamlngE FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1, 1994 = 100
S- AS AT JAN. 31. 2006/ "* AS AT JAN. 31, 2006
S- AS AT FEB. 03. 2006/ AS AT JAN. 31. 2006/ **"" AS AT JAN. 31, 2006

He acknowledged that a deci-
sion would have to be taken
soon on whether to approve the
AES project, which is much
more advanced than the one
proposed by Suez Energy North
Americe the former Tractebel.
The latter's two proposed sites
in Grand Bahama were rejected
by the Bahamas Environment,
Science and Technology Com-
mission (BEST), and Suez was
now looking at an offshore LNG
terminal based on a platform off
The revenue to be earned by

the Public Treasury from -e
AES project could be $1.2 bi-
lion over a 20-30 yeaf pe0fod,
coming from business licences,
land and seabed leases, arida
throughput fee linked to64(e
Henry Hub benchmark index.!
Meanwhile, Mr Bush said U;ly
were working on a joint efirig
between Bahamian and Floridi-
an environmental regulautorsso
that a transparent system could
be implemented, shdiild. he
LNG plant go forward. -
"I look forward to organising
that meeting," said Mr Bush.-

f he iT ibin'

Th Rhvsorcfr 1101o' "A mf 10 0 V

The Public is hereby advised that I, KENU BIRKHARD[
BUTLER JR., of Sunset Meadows, Nassau, Bahamas,
intend to change my name to KENU BIRKHARDT
ADDERLEY. If there are any objections to this change of
name by Deed Poll, you may write such objections to the
Chief Passport Officer, PO.Box N-742, Nassau, Bahamag
no later than thirty (30) days after the date of publicatiolj
of this notice.

NOTICE is hereby given that JACQUELINE JOSEPH'C0
KEMP ROAD, ALLEY #15, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, fq r
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/-
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 14TH day of FEBRUARY, 2006 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, PO.Box N- 714T,
Nassau, Bahamas.

Established Bahamian Company

is seeking to fill the position of ji*

Assistant Financial Controller.

The successful applicant should possess the:
following minimum requirements: .

Experience in all aspects of financial
accounting including inventory control

Proficient knowledge of accounting
principles and standards

Excellent computer skills

Good communication and management

Duties will include:

Preparation of complete set of financial

Management reporting

Budget preparation, business plans and
special projects, as assigned

Position will include regular travel to Family

If interested, please send detailed resume and
cover letter to

FROM page 1B
Bahamas might be greater than
what the Government had orig-
inally projected.
Mr Bush indicated this might
be another incentive for the
Government to approve the


eco, oM49

7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30
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IOLF Playing Lessons Big Break V: Hawaii Big Break V: Hawaii (N) Inside the PGA Big Break V:
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S8 Simple Rules Sabrina, the My Wife and My Wife and Friends Rachel Everybody Everybody
TLA Dad deals with Teenage Witch Kids Jr.'s new Kids Janet gains tries to thaw Loves Raymond Loves Raymond
teens. 0 (CC) "Trial by Fury" flat is shocking, weight. Joey's big chill. "Faux Pas" 0 "Raybert" (CC)
A ** HOMECOMING (1996, Drama) Anne Bancroft, **s IT RUNS IN THE FAMILY (2003, Comedy-Drama) Michael Dou-
LIFE Kimberee Peterson. Four abandoned children search glas, Kirk Douglas, Rory Culkin. Premiere. A dysfunctional New York fami-
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DAY (1996) (CC) tion to kill a gangster. 'R' (CC)

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181111 Ir I .... i e~sre~P


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Enjoy Great Food, Prizes and Lots of Fun.

I'm loving' if




AI k S- L ..... ..- I .


Bahamas Academy Stars

shine in title celebrations

Senior Sports Reporter
IT WAS a day that the
Bahamas Academy Stars'
senior boys basketball team will
remember for a long time a
day to finally celebrate as
Monday, under the theme:
"The victory lies in the struggle,
not in the prize," the team was
joined by the entire student
population, parents, fans and
the Seventh-day Adventists in a
motorcade, rally and luncheon
honouring their win over Jor-
dan Prince William Falcons for
the Bahamas Association of
Independent Secondary.
Schools' senior boys basketball
"It's great. It's great for
everybody. It's great for the
players, it's great for the fans
and everybody who supported
us," said Cordero Heastie, the
starting centre.
"I really appreciate what
everybody did for the basket-
ball team. It's really great."
As one of the graduating
seniors, Heastie encouraged his
team-mates to "keep the faith
and maintain the legacy as a
shinning star. Be good players.
Be the best that you could be."
The Stars, undefeated dur-
ing the regular season, proved
that they were indeed the best
private school team this year
as they broke a 1-1 tie in the
best-of-three final to pull off
the title that eluded them for
the past four years.
"For those who watched
game one and two could see
that I didn't get much help
from my team," said Clyde
Beckford, the Stars power for-
ward, who led the way
ing in the series.
"But in game three, we all
stepped out as one. That was
why the victory came so easy.

* CELEBRATION time for Bahamas Academy Stars yesterday
(Photo: Mario Duncanson/Tribune staff)

And so far, the championship
turned out to be so sweet. It
feels very nice to be a part of
this celebrations."


While it turned out to be a
good graduation present for the
majority of the key players,
guard Anthony Porter said they
hope to cherish this moment as
they attempt to duplicate the
feat next year.
"It was nice. It was better
than we expected," Porter not-
ed. "They are treating us so
good. We can't wait until all
the parties are over. We have
to start working towards anoth-
er celebration next year."
Coach Winston Symonette,
who first tasted victory at

Bahamas Academy when the
junior boys won the title back
in 2000/2001, said yesterday's
celebrations were a way to
salute the players.
"It's very difficult to play
under the standard that we
demand from them because
they can't do certain things,"
Symonette noted. "They see
other people do certain things
and they would like to do it.
But they restrain themselves.
"Now they see that it is pos-
sible to do it because we insist
that they do it. This is just a
way to say thanks to them for
doing the things that we've
asked them to do."
After going through a motor-
cade from the Bahamas Acad-
emy headquarters on the
Tonique Williams-Darling

Highway top the HD Colburn
Gymnatorium, the players were
introduced through a video
slide before they ascended to
the front of the audience.
They heard numerous con-
gratulatory speeches and were
presented with their trophies
before their undefeated pen-
nant winning and first senior
boys championship banners
were unveiled in the rafters
alongside the others that have
been achieved in the past.
Dr. Leonard A. Johnson, the
president of the Bahamas Con-
ference of Seventh-day Adven-
tists, said the Stars have been in
this position so many times
before that they knew it would
only be a matter of time before
they finally prevailed.
"In the game of life, you

can't let go. You may lose
today, but that doesn't mean
that you are losers," he
charged. "We kept trying and
trying and this year, we finally
pulled it off because they
believed in themselves and they
demonstrated that belief in
At Bahamas Academy,
Johnson stressed that they tried
to instill in their players that
winning isn't everything.
"We want to make sure that
our players are well ground-
ed," he stated.
"The Bible spoke about
being well prepared, mentally,
physically and spiritually. We
want to have our players devel-
op in all areas because this is
just a game.
"We celebrate today, but
after today, that is it. They have
to go on. They have to gradu-*
ate and life will continue. So
we want them to learn certain
principles that they can take
with them through life."
And principal, Dr. Cheryl
Rolle was singing the praises
of the faculty staff who helped
the players inside the class-

"We're thankful for the
determination that our players
exhibited as we went through
this entire season," Rolle
reflected. "I feel they deserve
this celebration. This is their
"I think it's fitting that the
entire school comes together
and shows that they appreciate
what they did, that we are
behind them 100 per cent and
we are happy about the victo-
Rolle said they look forward
to next year with hope and
determination to repeat as

............ .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Lady Nathalie holds off

Pieces of Eight for win

Senior Sports Reporter

SKIPPER Clyde Rolle and the
Lady in Red, Campari Lady Nathalie
had to hold on right to the final buoy
in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre
on Sunday.
In the "Catch Me If You Can" A
Class Challenge Cup, the B Class
Lady Nathalie got a 10 minute head
start on a three-lap race on a 10-mile
course and Rolle was able to hold
off a strong surge at the end by the
Pieces of Eight, skippered by Josh
Along with the Pieces of Eight, the
Good News, skippered by Lee Arm-
brister; Who Dat, skippered by Ivan
Stuart; Lucayan Lady, skippered by
King Eric Gibson and Red Stripe,
skippered by Lundy Robinson, par-
ticipated in the race that has been
staged for the past 19 years.
"That was sort.of scary. The com-
petition was fierce. They closed up on
me about three times," said Rolle,
who helped the Lady Nathalie to
break a 9-9 tie by taking the advan-
tage in the challenge.
"At one point, they came. within
five minutes (to our lead), but we
had 15. We opened it up by nine min-
utes. On the third lap, we dropped
them again and coming to the line,
they really came close on us."


Turning his head back and forth
on the final lap as he tried to avoid
getting caught, Rolle said they had to
dig down deep to stay ahead of the
"I must say, the weather was in my
favour," Rolle said. "But when we
got started, we had to do a lot of
beating or acting. But when they
started, the wind was in their favour
and they closed in on me right away.
"But when they reached where I
was, I was able to get away from
them again."
After getting caught by everybody
last year, Rolle said it was their inten-
tion to make sure that history didn't
repeat itself. It wasn't until they came

THE final horn is sounded as the Lady Nathalie crosses the finish line to take
the win.

Ahead of the Lucayan Lady. On Saturday, there was a B Class
eat David Moxey, one of the race race with Irene Goodnight coming
Beat organizers, said it was an exciting out on top, followed by It's
race to watch from start to finish Magic and Legal Weapon in that
Last year, the Red Stripe was the because Rolle had to pull out all of order.
first boat to catch the Lady Nathalie. his skills to eventually hold on for During the day, there was also a
But the only boat the Red Stripe beat the win. series of races in the Optimist Class
this year was Who Dat. "He gave it all he had. I was a little for junior sailors.
The race to catch the Lady in Red nervous watching him move his head From all indications, the two-day
was between the Pieces of Eight and back and forth 27 times a minute, event turned out to be a tremendous
the Lucayan Lady. And it wasn't but I guess that's what you have to do success with a huge crowd of specta-
until they turned the final buoy that when the pressure is on," said Mox- tors on hand to watch from the
the Pieces of Eight made a surge ey. "It was a real good one." shorelines.

College athletes

chase indoor


Junior Sports Reporter
SEVERAL Bahamian col-
lege athletes took to the track
at the weekend in the hope of
obtaining qualification marks:
for their college indoor champ'
With less than two weeks
remaining before the big cham-
pionships, Kenton Taylor and
Lanece Clarke hoped to be the
first to qualify for their college,
Missouri Baptist.
Competing at the Central
Missouri Classic in Warrens-
burg Missouri in the men's 60m
hurdles, Taylor clocked a time
of 8.82 seconds for a 10th place
finishing in the preliminaries.
However, this time was not suf-
ficient for him to move onto
the final round.
Taylor was looking forward
to improving the time in the
60m dash, but had to settle for
14th place with 7.38 seconds,
this was not enough for him to
move onto the final round.
Clarke missed out on the
finals in the women's 60m dash
after she was edged out by
Elise Johnson from Central
Johnson took the sixth spot
in the round with 7.79 seconds
over Clarke's 7.78 seconds.
Clarke's day didn't end with
the 60m dash, she also took
part in the 400m. In this event
she finished up in third place
with 57.62 seconds, just missing
out on conference qualifica-
tions. Winning the event was
the pair from Lincoln Universi'-
ty- Davita Prendergast and
Nikita McCree in times of 55.02
seconds and 57.57 seconds
Also competing in the 400m
event was Shantell Newbold of
Central Missouri, who finished'
up in the eighth spot in a time
of 59.46 seconds.

After three weeks of first
place finishings, Donald
Thomas of Lindenwood Uni-
versity had to settle for third
place in the men's high jump at
the Heart of America Athletic
Conference Indoor track and
field conference.
Thomas 1.97 came into the
competition at 1.97m, clearing
it on his third attempt, but, as
the competition progressed,
Donald fumbled at 2.02m, a
height he cleared at previous
Also competing at the meet
was Sasha Joyce of McCk-
endree College, who was 10th
in the women's 400m in 1:01.70.
seconds. Winning the event was
Deserea Brown in 56.07 sec-
onds with Kimetha Williams
coming in second in 57.94 sec-
onds and Hannah Weide was
third in 58.29 seconds. In the
200m, Joyce was 14th in 27.34
At the Kansas State Univer-.
sity meet, Adrian Carey was
21st overall in the 60m dash in
a time of 7.47 seconds.
Douglas Lynes-Bell was fifth:
overall in the men's 400m pre-
liminaries in a time of 47.24
seconds, but turned on the heat
when it came to the finals.
In the finals he clocked 48.31
seconds to get the win over
Justin Byron who finished up
with a time of 48.55 seconds
and Terrance Burton with
48.70 seconds at the MEAC
Indoor track and field meet.
He was 13th overall in the
men's 200m dash preliminaries
with a time of 22.78 seconds.
At the Oklahoma Sooner
Indoor meet, Clement Taylor
of University of Paul Quinn
took 15th place overall in the
men's 60m dash with 7.12 sec-
Also at the meet was Cotrell.
Martin of New Mexico Junior '
College, who came llth in the :
60m dash with 8.02 seconds.
She did not make the finals.
And in the 200m Martin was
sixth with 26.03 seconds.
Bahamians at the Benedict
College opened up their season
at the University of South Car-
olina Indoor invitational.

Julie Nixon led the group
with a second pace finishing in
the women's 400m in a time of
1:01.86 seconds. Winning the
event was Sheree Howze of
University of South Carolina in
1:01.14 seconds.
Carl Rolle was third in the
men's 800m with 2:06.37 sec-
onds, winning was Christopher
Clarke of Claflin University in
2:04.14 seconds and Timothy
Washington was second in
2:04.24 seconds. Tigers Aman-
da Mackey was eighth in the
800m with 2:48.76 seconds.

&-Lot kof.. .. -., ----


Warriors and Pacers serve

up an overtime thriller

Sarri.iw f~ e w.o, ii ..
p4 .aji $-:F!iP.e Warrion
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* FAITH TEMPLE shoot during yesterday's clash with RM Bailey
(Photo: Mario Duncanson/Tribune staff)

* RM BAILEY try to stop Faith Temple

(Photo: Mario Duncanson/Tribune staff)




-- .

.x .

Fax: (242) 328-2398


* RM BAILEY (on ground) fight for possession with Faith Temple during the Hugh Campbell tournament
(Photo: Mario Duncanson/Tribune staff)

WarrioPS win their opening

battle in Hugh Campell Classic

Junior Sports Reporter
WITH less than five. sec-
onds remaining in overtime,
Rashad McPhee stepped to
the line to connect with one
of two free throws sealing
the first win in the 24th annu-
al Hugh Campbell Basketball
Classic yesterday.
The Faith Temple Warriors
came charging back after
being down by six points in
the third quarter to clinch a
30-29 victory over the RM
Bailey Pacers.
Leading the third quarter
charge for the Warriors was
Naketo Ferguson, who took
full control in the post.
Ferguson, who scored 12 of
his 18 points in the third quar-
ter, became a force to reckon
with in the post, creating prob-

Overtime victory

for Faith Temple

lems for the Pacers that they
couldn't find a solution to
Although the Warriors got
off to a slow start in the game,
the delay in the game helped
the team's momentum, and
they were able to get over
their jitters.
It was a different team in
the second quarter, but the
combined effort came -shining
through in the third.
The team got into their
offensive swing with a little
over 12 seconds remaining on
the shot clock.

The Warriors rotated the
ball around the arch until Fer-
guson was able to obtain posi-
tion on the Pacers' defender.
Once position was established,
Ferguson went to work, with a
powerful drop to the basket.

The Pacers, who were in a
3-2 defensive stand, tried to
fend off Ferguson, but their
rotation was too slow for their
quicker opponent.

Taking full advantage of the
Pacers' shooting slump, the
Warriors went on an 8-0 run
to bring themselves within
Their head coach Gary
Kemp said: "It feels great to
winthe first game in the tour-
nament, it gives me a chance
as the coach to observe the
highs and lows in the game so
we can work out all the.kinks
before the next game.
"The team played pretty
well today although they got
off to a very slow start. In
order to remain in the tour-
nament we will have to jump
out on teams, we can't afford
for them to get a big lead on
us and think that we can fight
our way back into the game.
"If we can get an early lead
it will give us a little more time
to also work on our offence.

Our defence is pretty good -
only a little work needs to be
done on,that,"
The Warriors dominated
the glass thanks to Ferguson
and Wilfred Culmer, who
combined for 13 of the War-
riors offensive rebounds.

On the defensive end the
Warriors would out rebound
the Pacers 8-3.
Things started to go down-
hill for the Pacers in the third
despite the drive being made
by Akeem Smith.
Smith was trying to create
several fast break opportuni-
ties for the Pacers, but the
team failed to run the floor.
When they did have numbers
on the Warriors, they failed

to follow through on their
Kemp added: "All the team
need to learn is patience.
When they do this it should
be easier for them to
"They were rushing to many
of their shots and, at some
points in the game, I thought
they were making some
bad shot selections, but this is
expected with a young
team, they will learn all these
things as the tournament
moves on."
Playing the overtime peri-
od without Smith created
problems for the Pacers, as
their main guard was forced
to sit out the game because of
foul trouble.
The Warriors ended the
game with a 5-0 run in Smith's


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On the 'road to

independent lii


A 'public'


HAVE you ever won-
dered why public toilets are
such unpleasant places -
well, beyond the obvious
reasons. (By the way, it
would make a really spell-
binding study to find out
why most of us keep our
home bathrooms spotless,
but become untamed
beasts when using a public
For one thing, public toi-
lets house multiple cubicles.
Now, for those of us who
like privacy in such cir-
cumstances, it is a bit diffi-
cult to do the job while lis-
tening to the other person
(whose feet you can often
see in the:next cubicle)
straining to do hers.
SAnother conundrum -
what is the purpose of a
public toilet with one cubi-
cle, but two or three wash-
basins? Do they really
believe we go into these
places just to wash our
Now welcome to the
matter of size. Why do they
have to be so narrow?
Seems they expect us to be
undernourished. What
about Ms Average or Mrs
And when you enter one,
let's hope you can find
somewhere to store your
bag. Because for ladies who
like to have their handbags
with them, there is hardly
ever anywhere to rest it,
place it, hang it, put it. So
you may have to end up
balancing it somewhere on
your anatomy which
could lead to the most
embarrassing accidents.
And the scenario in
which you have finished
and then start looking
around for the paper is
much too familiar. Enough
Commercial banks,
government offices
and other nuisances
Have you ever wondered
why commercial banks
open after you get to work
and close before you get off
work? Maybe it is a thinly
veiled ploy td get us to use
the automated teller
machine (ATM) so they
can save even more money
by hiring even fewer

SEE page 4C

Tribune Feature Editor
W hat happens to a child
caught up in a dark
world, where poverty is
a living, breathing com-
panion and where violence, abuse and
neglect are regular occurrences? Often
times those least equipped to defend
themselves must be scooped up by the
state and placed in an environment
where their basic needs can be met.
While cocooned in this environment,
children are hopefully able to form

healthy bonds with their peers and those
in charge of the facility. They are fed,
clothed, provided with shelter and an
education and every attempt is made to
simulate a family environment, with
vacations, parties, outings, and an under-
standing ear but what happens once
these children leave the protective envi-
ronment and have to face the world -
often times alone?
Maria Kelley, an assistant director in
the Ministry of Social Services, with
responsibility for child care facilities,
said some 200 children are housed in
government supported child care facili-

ties in the Bahamas and since 2003,
between 25 and 35 children have aged
out of the system that is they have
turned 18 and were able to move out of
the home, either into a small group set-
ting or on their own, to begin indepen-
dent lives as adults.
The road to independent living varies
slightly for young men and young
women. For boys nearing the age of 18,
where there are no relatives or they are
not mature enough to get an apartment,
they are placed in Colby House for Boys,
a group setting that the Government
runs in partnership with Christ the King

Anglican Church in Ridgeland Park.
"Most of the boys who have been
placed there have either finished high
school or are in their senior year," Ms
Kelley said. "They can stay there until
they turn 22 and if they are working they
make a small contribution to the up keep
of the home, but most of what they make
they save and if they want something
special they have to purchase those
things themselves."
According to Ms Kelley, when a resi-

SEE page 4C

BAHAMIAN families
come in all shapes and sizes..
SBut there is something special
about parents who build a
secure loving environment
and provide a home for a
child that is not biologically
(Posed by models)

Sharing his experience

as an adopted child

Tribune Feature Editor
Tribune Feature Writer
BAHAMIAN families come in all shapes and
sizes. There is the traditional family a husband
and wife and their 2.5 kids, there is the family head-
ed by a single parent, where either mom or dad are
raising theii children alone, and then there is the
blended family, where a second or even third mar-
riage usually means one or more step-children being
introduced into the union. But there's something
special about parents who build a secure loving
environment and provide a home for a child that is
not biologically theirs.
Adoption may seem like an option only for those
couples who cannot have their own babies, whether
the couple cannot get pregnant or they can't carry
the child to term, but many Bahamian couples, who
have their own children, have also extended their
love to somebody else's child, giving that child a
new name and cementing for them an identify that
they can be proud of.
In its search to find out more about adoption in
the Bahamas, Tribune Woman spoke to a young
man, a thirty-year-old entrepreneur, who was willing

to take a brave step and share his experience as an
adopted child.
Seven years after leaving his adoptive parents'
home to "make a life" for himself, James* (not his
real name) told Tribune Woman that he owes every-
thing he has today to his adoptive mother and father
who "gave of themselves to make a miserable child
His situation is a little bit different than most
adopted children, in that he knows both of his bio-
logical parents and now has a better relationship
with them. But his early life with them was not
always as wonderful. As a child, James had no rela-
tionship with his biological parents (who were mar-
ried at the time). He blamed them for not being
more involved in his life.
"I think I'm lucky now to have all four of my par-
ents in my life because a lot of children don't have
that. Even some children who are not adopted don't
have the luxury of one father," he told Tribune
Woman. "But I started off with basically no father
and now I have two of them. I had a mother who was
never around, now I have two of them."
For James, growing up in a home with seven

SEE page 2C

Store Locations
Town Center Mall Harbour B C Cable ach
. ,n-,- -

Distributed by:
Bahamas Wholesale Agencies, East West Highway tel:242-394-1759 fax: 242-394-1859 email:
In Freeport. Milton Street tel: 242-351-2201 fax: 242-351-2215

:'ic~~ NE




Sharing his experience as an adopted child

FROM page 1C

brothers and sisters (some of
them children by men other than
his father) was far from glam-
orous. He believes that the lack of
attention from his mother and
father caused him to get involved
in gang violence and to become
sexually promiscuous at an early
age, though he points out that he
isn't making any excuses for his
"My biological sisters and
brothers I think, had it better than
me, because I was like the odd
one out and no one wanted to
have anything to do with me

because I was into all kinds of
smoking and drinking and hang-
ing out. But I honestly ran to
those things to get away from life
at home," he told Tribune
But when James was 13-years-
old, a woman in his neighbour-
hood who was an associate of his
biological mother, began to take
notice of him. "I think it may
have been before that when she
started to see me because we
stayed through her streetdoing._
mischievous things, but I was 13
when she really started to take a
hold of me like a son. 'Mum'
would bring us in to eat and carry

us to church with her sometimes, '
he recalled.
"That was the only really good
influence I had in my life having
her put the time and energy into
taking me out of the negative
environment that I was in. Up to
this day I'm grateful because I
wasn't her child, she didn't have
to even care about whether I end-
ed up in Fox Hill or dropping
babies all over the place, but she'
did," he added.
'Mum' as he affectionately calls
her, awoniani with a shy disposi-
tion, did not want to be quoted
for this Tribune Woman article,
but she was present:during his.
interview, and interjected now
and again, pausing one moment
to playfully touch his arm and
smile when he made mention of
her strict nature.
. It was in the late 80s that
'Mum' approached James' bio-
logical mother about the prospect
of letting him move in with her
family, and she agreed. It was the
possibility that her son would be
better provided for financially and
emotionally in another home, that
caused her to allow her son to
leave her care, and eventually be
adopted, according to the James'
adoptive mother.
Two years after coming to live
with her, her husband and three
children, at the age of 16, James
was legally adopted by the family,
though he still keeps his biological
father's surname.
He told Tribune Woman: "It
was easy coming into the family
because they were so used to me
that I didn't feel any jealousy, and
I didn't feel like I was invading or
getting into their personal space
or overstaying my welcome
because it was that family love
that every child is supposed to
have ya know.
"The only thing I regret is hav-
ing a hatred towards my biologi-
cal mother and father because
they weren't there for me when I
really needed them.
"But God does things myste-
riously right. I just look at it as a
blessing that He gave me a new
set of parents, something that I
really needed to help change the
direction of my life at that time."
This scenario however, where
children are adopted from within
a neighbourhood, is not very
common in the Bahamas. Most
parents who choose to adopt go
to the Department of Social Ser-
vices, where children are either
adopted out of the foster care sys-
tem, or from one of the govern-
ment-run Children's homes in the
According to Janice Miller,
senior welfare officer in the
Department of Social Services,
her department placed 10 chil-
dren in adoptive homes last year.
And in 2004, they placed 15 chil-

Currently, there are 25 names
on a list of persons who are wait-
ing to make a home for an adopt-
ed child, some of whom have.
been waiting since 2003.
"This is a waiting list of
approved applicants that have
already been screened and are
now just waiting for children in
their category. Once, the children
are cleared for adoption, Welfare.
Services can go to Ihe list and is
able to place a child relatively
quickly," Ms Miller told Tribune
Woman., .
"We don't get children in for
adoption that often, but we don't
want to discourage people.from,.
applying. ff Votrwan rradopt-a-
child your wait may not be as
long," she added.
There is a structured process
for the adoption of a child in the
Bahamas. Perspective parents
must first fill out an application
form and complete a check list of
items, including submission of a
marriage certificate (for those
who are married), character ref-
erences, a photograph, a recent
police record, passport biith cer-
tificate, and a motivation letter
detailing why they wish to adopt.-
The department also conducts
home visits where they interview
the prospective parents. Then
there is the assessment of the
applicant's financial status, to see
if the parents) can support the
child financially.
Ms Miller notes however, that a
rich lifestyle is not a requirement
for adoption. "We have persons
from all back grounds, persons
who have comipleted tITeasf the
basic high school. You don't have
to be wealthy toadopt. We have
teachers, nurses, a vast number
of bankers... Most of the appli-
cants are persons who can't have
their own children or people who
have had difficult pregnancies,
but still want an addition to their


It would be wonderful if all
placements worked out, but there
is a possibility that some might
not, especially where the adopted'
child is no longer an infant and'
came out of difficult circum-'
stances. The department has
made provisions in the event that
such a situation occurs where the
adoptive parents feel that they
have made the wrong decision;
When a child leaves one of the
country's government-run chil-
dren's homes, there is a period
given for the child and parents to
make a "good fit" before the
adoption is actually finalised. If
perspective parents change their
minds about adopting, before the
process is finalised, the child is
returned to the home. Persons
wishing to adopt must under-
stand that many of these children

come out of horrible siiyatioris
where they may have been
abused or neglected, Ms Miller
noted. Fortunately, the "return
rate" in the Bahama'sis"very1low.
The children in government-
run homes, like the Ranfurly
Home or the Children's Emer-
gency Hostel may have been
placed there because of neglect,
abuse or abandonment. Once it is ,
determined that the biological
parents are unfit, the children ire
removed from the home and the
,parental rights are terminated.
Then there are those children
who end up in these homes
because their-.paients come. to-.
Sa-t1r rServi-ev"ibe h n-t hey a r-
pregnant or have just given birth
because they feel that they simply
Can't take care of the baby.
According to Ms Miller, chil-
dren under the age of five are
easiest to place. unless they have
a medical, mental or physical con-
dition. The main issue is that as
the child gets older, persons are
often less willing to take on that
responsibility, since in many cas-
es, as the child gets into their teen
years, attitudes and behaviours
are likely to be set.
Finalising the adoption process,
once a child has been placed in a
family, involves going before the
courts to terminate the biologi-
cal parents rights and legally insti-
tuting the adoptive family as the
child's parents.
For a woman who has decided
to give up a child for adoption;
the average length of time to
finalise the process is from three
tosii-fiiiotlis --fiit ican take up
to a year and a half to finalise. If,
after this process, she changes her
mind, she would have to return to
court and have a judge overturn
the decision terminating her
parental right, said Ms Miller,
though she noted that she has
never seen a case where this has
Ms Miller explained that when
a woman has decided to give up
her a baby for adoption "she
comes in, we get the information.
We sit and talk with her, counsel
with her until she gives birth. If
she doesn't change her mind, she
leaves the baby in the hospital
and the nurses would notify
Social Services. Then we place
the baby into one of the institu-
tions. We continue to counsel
with her until the baby is six
weeks and if she's still of a mind-
set to give up the baby then we
have her sign a consent of adop-
"I want to send out a plea to
young ladies who find themselves
pregnant. Rather than neglect
(the child), there is nothing wrong
with giving the child up for adop-
tion, giving them a better way of
life," she added.
In the Bahamas, there are three
primary children's homes, Chil-

dren's Emergency.'losteJ, Jt:
Elizabeth Estatec Children's'
Home and-the Ran'urlv Home
for Children.. . !:. .i
Violetta Gardiner, administra-
tor at the Ranfurly Home told
Tribune Woman that the Chil-
dren's Emergency Hostel tends
to deal with, babies while .her
home mainly takes children five
years old and up The Elizabeth
Estates Home deals with older
children as well.


Ms Gardiner said that the old-
e r.the chilthe harder he/she is.
i~oiface. In the last five years, the
Ranfurly Home has had 6nly one
child placed for adoption.
"It's one of my. goals to see if
we can get more children into
smaller family units," she added.
Katie Gardiner (no relation to
Ms Gardiner of the Ranfurly
Home), administrator the Chil-
dren's Emergencr Hostel told
Tribune Woman'that there is a
challenge of finding homes for
older children in the welfare sys-
tem, primarily because parents
may be intimidated by the emo-
tional development of the child.
"Children who are older than,
five are really more difficult to
place because they already have
knowledge that they had another
mother and parents don't want
to deal with that. They want
babies usually because they 'feef
as if no one else has a right ti
that child at that age." ;
She .noted .that.. children
between the ages of five and sev-
en years old are also "easily pli-
able", even though many of them
also already have knowledge of
their biological mother and
father. "They want children who
will adapt well and have person-
alities that haven't been molded
yet because they are not willing to
deal with many emotional issues."
According to officials, parents
are usually more open to youaiher
.children who can be 'brloKen
into" a new system very. easily,
and are not ad "set" in their.ways
This may dash the:hopeS.Af
older children in the welfare sys
tern, but according. ,to Mssr~
diner of the Ranfurly:Ifjoe,
there are parents who pre renpiqg
benefits when they adopt aa old-
er child: "Some people dorft ai
babies. rhey warl a child tea
big brother or big sisterY.'t( %Wh-
er know how effective dr h6WI\ r
the impact will go; :n'.d
"You don't know howffgithe
children will go;, o I encourage
people to be of a good influence
on them, to take a step forward
and work with a child,, pho
knows what will happen, you may
reap a benefit from either a posi-
tive or negative environment.
You have to put i( into them from -
an early stage."

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S I.,ww

Dear Bahama Mama,

NOBODY likes me. I
know that's a pretty abrupt
and broad statement, but I
believe it's true. Maybe it's
because of my island
accent, or my big nose, or
maybe Iddin't deserve
frienids.I ami a slightly,
obese 22 year-old College
of the Bahamas student
and I want to meet people.
make friends and develop
relationships. I have never
had a committed romantic
relationship and I desper-
ately want one. What
should I do?
Lonely Student

Dear Lonely Student,
You need to focus on
your education and study
hard. Relationships ga be
right there when you grad-
uate. but since no man is an
island I ga help you meet
people so write this combo
down Love yourself!
Na see dat seems so easy
to say, but it is a lot more
difficult to do think about
it this way: If you are with
you ALL the time and you
know yourself BETTER
than anyone else, if you
don't love yourself why
would anyone else? And
what does obesity have to
do with it?? If you are
unhealthy or uncomfort-
able start a sensible eating
plan (with the help of a
nutritionist if necessary)
and exercise, but don't use
weight as an excuse.
Anyway LS, since you
are in school here is a
homework assignment,
take some time, and find at
least 10 things about your-
self that you love. And boo.
if you can't find at least five
things you need to re-apply
my combo and love
Da Confident & Friendly
Bahama Manma

Dear Bahama Mama,
Do you believe that true
love can be found on the
Internet? I have been surf-
ing the Net for about three
years and I was contacted
by a gentleman a few
months back and we've
been chatting and e-mailing
and he is starting to men-
tion feeling something for
me and I was curious
whether or not you think it
could be love.
Log On For Love

Dear Log On,
I ein even sure that true
love exists at all, much less
on the Internet, but I do
know that by using the
Internet there is a freedom
to express yourself without
fear of reproach. Now even
though I is always be online
chatting wit ma boo, I must
admit, nothing quite com-
pares to the connection and
expression of face-to-face
communication. So as you
surf for love, use this com-
bo advice be safe, be wise
and follow your instincts.
Don't be desperate, and if
you are don't show it on
or off line.
The Technological Savvy
Bahama Mama

Dear Bahama Mama,
Why is it ihat the Ameri-
can public seems to be
more accepting of relation-
ships with large age differ-
ences and our culture can't
seem to stomach the site of
me with an'older woman,
whereas when I am with a
young lady it seems nation-
ally acceptable? When will
things change, and what do
you suggest I do to help the
change occur?
Age (In)-Appropriate

Dear Age (In)-
Ya'll really is be joking
now! Tell me sumtin sweet-


boy, why you wasting
Bahama Mama's time?
First of all, who you is dat
you TINK dat who you wi
is a NATIONAL concern?
But, nevertheless, you
asked my opinion so lemme
give u dis combo quick for
you doan work my nerves
too bad. Combo #16 -
America and Americans is
operate different from us
Bahamians, you know
why? Cause we is Bahami-
an. Doan expect us to
change, change ya own self
- stop worrying bout wha
people thinking and saying
and be true to ya self.

Your Honest Bahama

(Part Three of Mv
Response to Wife of the
Double Life the married
mother of six boys who
recently/ discovered that her
husband of 11 years is H1i'
positive and is evolved in a
bi-sexual affair. WDL was
also confused because she
was starring to feel an
attraction to her best friend,
iwho had been offering emo-
tional support. Wife of the
Double Life posed four
questions to Bahama Mama
- What's wrong with me that
he doesn't want me? Will
this pain ever end? Am I
gay and will I ever find for-
giveness for him and for

Dear WDL.
As promised this is a con-
tinuation of my response to
your issues, and just to
recap I suggested that you
get ya self some reading
materials on the
HIV!AIDS virus and dat
you go and take da anony-
mous test, and I reminded
you that there was nothing
wrong with you.
Now boo. lemme try
answer the next question
you asked, which was. Will
this pain ever end? Again
the answer to this question
is a very easy one. YES, the
pain that you are feeling
now, the fear. the doubt.
the insecurities and the
betrayal, iill end one day
The problem is that there is
no date that can be
attached to it it may be
six months, a year. or
maybe even three years
from now, but rest assured
\VDL, the pain will lessen
As you surround yourself
with love, information and
counseling, and the more
you change your focus -
from your lying husband to
your innocent children and
your own emotional health
and well being and the
more you change your
focus to tho'e things that
have eternal value and give
you hope for a bright
future, the greater the
chance that the pain will
begin to dissipate. The
greater the chance that the
intense sense of loss,
betrayal and hurt you feel
will lessen day by day.
Don't be too hard on
yourself, and don't rush the
healing process. Embrace
every emotion and moment
for what it is and survive it,
for as time passes perspec-
tives change and the situa-
tion that almost crushed
you a year ago becomes a
distant memory.

Bahama Mama

Ifya heart dem
breaking cause ya
sweetie ain acking right
or if ya mind all cunfudle
up andya can' tink
straight cause ya stress
from ya co-workers dem -
drop a line to Missress
and she'll be sure to tell
it like it is.

Tribune Staff Reporter

n a time when it seems teachers are not
being appreciated, a Bahamian woman,
who is also an educator, took time out to
say thank you to the teachers who made
an impact on her life
Audrey Dean-Wright, music lecturer, piano
teacher, composer of choral and piano music, just
to name a few, recently entertained eight of her
former teachers at an intimate reception at her
During the evening, Mrs Wright reminisced
about yesteryear, while her teachers attentively
listened and added what they remembered about
her as a student.
The honoured educators for the night were: Dr
Keva Bethel, representing her deceased husband
Clement, Vylma Curling, Hilda Barrett, Coral
Huyler, Kendal Marshall, Pastor H A Roach; Patri-
cia Burrows and Vernita Roach.
Mrs Wright said that this recognition reception
was in the making for the past five years. She said
that these individuals made an "indelible imprint
in my life."
Mrs Wright said that in the days whep she went
to school, teachers did not simply teach, but they
taught you how to live.
"If it wasn't for these teachers, I don't think I
would have been as diverse as I am today."
That night Mrs Wright showed off to her teach-

b is' pit% bla

tUrn tcVrn



"Copyrighted Material
Syndicated Content
Available from Commercial News Providers"


- -

- -

ers how diverse she was.
Angeline Forbes and Donniecea Rahming, both
music majors at the College of the Bahamas,
played two flute duet pieces out of Mrs Wright's
book of flute music.
Mrs Wright then went to the piano and played
piano compositions she wrote. She played "Lisa's
Waltz" and "Coconuts Falling," which is dedicat-
ed to her son Carl.
One by one, Mrs Wright highlighted the mem-
ories she holds of each teacher as they would have
interacted during her school days.
Mrs Wright said she remembered. passing the
Music room during a lunch hour and hearing
Clement Bethel play the piano. She said after this
encounter she told her mother, "Mommy I have to
go and have lessons with Mr Bethel."
Dr Keva Bethel, the widow of Clement, said
that she is "very proud" of Mrs Wright on several
.' "I remember her-and her piano lessons extreme-
ly well. I have been with her a long time. I am
very proud as a Bahamian woman to see what she
has accomplished," said Dr Bethel.
Pator Roach, a pastor of the Seventh Day
Adventist Church, said that he noticed the musical
talents in Mrs Wright from a young age, and that
he allowed her to teach music while she still was in
He advised today's teachers that they must
recognize their students potential and capabilities
and give them an opportunity to "blossom."

I I II,.- I I iU I .%11.L-



* AUDREY Dean-Wright (standing) talks about her school days during a reception that she held for
her former teachers. Seated (from L to R) are Pastor H A Roach, Vylma Curling, Olga Roach, Dr Alvera
Higgs and, partially hidden, Dr Leon Higgs.
(BIS Photo: Derek Smith)

Appreciating those

teachers who made

an impact on her life


SHIRLEY STREET TEL: 322-8941 OPEN: MON FRI 7:30 am 4:30 pm
SAT 8:00 am 12 noon





On the 'road to independent living'

FROM page 1C

dent leaves Colby House the
Department of Social Services,
if they require assistance, helps
them with their first month's
rent, and the purchase of some
household items. Social work-
ers, who have been working
with the young men during the
transitional period since they
began living in Colby House,
however, are usually able to
ensure that the young men who
are working save their money
in preparation for when they
will live on their own.
A second path for young men
living at Colby House is the
continuation of their education.
Those young men that have the
aptitude are encouraged to go
to the College of the Bahamas
(COB) or to the Bahamas
Technical Vocational Institute
(BTVI), or even attend univer-
sity abroad. Officials also try to
secure scholarships to fund their
secondary education.
For the young women, once
they turn 16, the Elizabeth
Estates Children's Home has
two apartments that they can
move into as they make the
transition to independent liv-
ing. Once the girls turn 18 they
are able to move to the Link
Safe House on Marshall Road.
The rules for the Link Safe
House is that residents must be
registered in tertiary education
or employed if they want to live
there. Ms Kelley said the
department's long term goal is
to be able to assist the young
women for a longer period of
time before they move out on
their own.
According to Ms Kelley,
there are a number of success
stories; of children who have
lived in these government-run
facilities for much of their life,
who have gone on to become
exceptional adults who are pro-
ductive members of society with
their own families.
For a percentage of the young
women however, Ms Kelley did
voice some concern. "The sto-
ries are not what I'd like them-
to be, not that they've gotten
into problems like having to go
through the penal system, but
our young girls, a number of
them, have gotten pregnant

shortly after leaving. We are
trying to do a better job in truly
preparing them to live on their
own because while they are [in
our care] we manage to shield
and protect them, but society is
so materialistic.
"Some of our boys are doing
extremely well, working and
productive not that our girls
aren't, but it saddens me to see
that a year after being out they
are starting a family, but we
have some success stories, some
beautiful stories."
Ms Kelley said that a lot of
times when the children have
moved into the transitional
facility or are nearing the stage
where they will live on their
own, family members begin to
show up. She said that some of
the children welcome the atten-
tion, while others may be wary
of it.
While many teens, whether
they are living with their fami-
lies or in a government-run
facility, look forward to the day
that they can live on their own,
Ms Kelley said that the mindset
of those preparing to leave the
safety and comfort of the homes
is often mixed: "The kids are
like their brothers and sisters,
but they are happy to be able to
move and go on. Also, in any
institution there are rules and
regulations so they don't have
the freedoms that a child on the
outside has and that is what
they are looking forward to.

"But there is also the fear of
the unknown, they were with
us five, six, seven ten years
and they didn't have to worry
where they were going to sleep,
what they were going to eat,
now they do so its mixed and a
lot of them, when they leave,
come back to visit or call to say
how they are doing," she said.
Asked what was needed to
help improve the situation for
children living in state-run
homes and perhaps better pre-
pare them to live as adults, Ms
Kelley said that definitely, more
staff was needed if significant
improvements were to be seen,
"these children come in with so
much baggage," she added.
Up until recently, the depart-

ment had three officers divid-
ed between each of the eight
homes on the island, with each
officer holding at least a masters
degree in counseling or social
work. Said Ms Kelley: "If there
are eight homes and 30 or 40
persons with major issues -
some coming from abusive
homes or being sexually or
emotionally abused they need
a lot of work, so having one
social worker per home is what
is necessary.
"I have two trained social
workers in the placement unit
who deal with foster care. I only
have two trained social work-
ers and two case aids and
that's just dealing with the chil-
dren in [government] care that
we are ftlking about they
[social workers] have situations
that they have to deal with out-
side of this situation also. Man
power is very, very short here."
Outside of the need for addi-
tional manpower, Ms Kelley,
who is also responsible for the
department's placement or
adoption unit, said the only
thing the children in the homes
are truly lacking is a biological
parent, adding that the children
are given every opportunity that
a child living with his parents
would have.
Under Ms Kelley's direction
are the:
Bilney Lane Children's
Home, which caters to children
of all ages, including those that
are physically and mentally
challenged. The facility can
house ten children, but cur-
rently has three residents.
Elizabeth Estates Children
Home has the capacity to house
50 children.
The Ranfurly Home cur-
rently has 26 children.
Colby House has eight
young men.
The Nazareth Centre hous-
es some 40 children.
The Children's Emergency
Hostel can house as many as 32
Shepherd's Nook, which
provides shelter for runaway
girls, currently has one resident.
The facility has the capacity to
house as many as,10 young
ladies who have no place to go,
although they try not to place
girls under the age of 16 there.


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The Old Bight Mission
Home can house 25 children,
and currently has 17 residents.
According to Ms Kelley,
there are about 200 children
government-run facilities in the
Bahamas, with about a quarter
of them living there perma-
nently. Most, she said, are not
housed in these facilities on a
permanent basis. "It's safe to
say we have 200 children in
care, from a few days old to 18-
years-old. We have a space
shortage, so that plays an
important part as to how many
children we can keep. We try
to use these institutions as the
last resort, it's not good to be
brought up in an institutional
environment. But while they are
here, we try to create a family


According to Ms Kelley, a
number of the children are in
private schools, from St Annes
to St Andrews, Faith Temple,
Nassau Christian Academy and
Aquinas, having been spon-
sored by individuals and private
sector organizations.
The children are involved in
any number of-extracurricular
activities, from tennis to being
members of a swim team, Boy
Scouts and Girl Guides, she said
proudly. Out of the 16 children
participating in the Ministry of
Tourism's Foreign Language
cadet programme, two, a boy
who excels in French and a girl
who is fluent in Spanish, are
from government-run child care
As part of the cadet pro-
gramme, the children will have
the opportunity in April to
work at a resort using their lan-
guage skills, and in July will
travel to France, for those that
are learning French, and Costa'
Rica or Spain, for those learning
According to Ms Kelley, the
children have also been the
recipients of vacations and trips
around the world. From the
Special Olympics in Ireland, to
trips to New York, Cost Rica,
Canada and Chicago.
Those children who desire to
are also afforded the opportu-
nity to go to university abroad.
Two children who grew up in
the Ranfurly Home are cur-
rently in university in the Unit-
ed States. Said Ms Kelley, "We
have a few who are doing
exceptionally well in school. I
foresee them going to COB and
beyond. They are no different
than other kids and there are
so many people assisting them.
We have tutors, we have a
patron who took 60 kids to Blue
Lagoon... at the Nazareth Cen-
tre there is a group that over
the last two years donated two
brand new 18-seater buses."
At the Ranfurly Home for
Children, Violetta Gardiner, the
Home's administrator, said staff
members try to prepare the chil-
dren before they reach 18 for
life on their.own, so that they
would be somewhat self suffi-
cient. Once they have complet-
ed school, staff members try to
ascertain which of two routes

the young adtlflts 'will go q.
whether they will continue their
education and attend college or
enter the workforce, and'get a
According to Ms Gardiner,
getting a job will allow the
teenagers to accumulate enough
funds to help them secure an
apartment. A portion of the
money that they make goes into
a special fund and once they
have saved enough to cover first
and last months rent, any secu-
rity deposit required and start
up costs for a new move in, such
as turning on utilities and cable
service, the staff helps the
youngsters find a place to live.
Said Ms Gardiner, the staff also
likes to know that the young-
sters have something to fall
back on: "They have to have'
accumulate a certain amount of
funds by the time they leave
The second route is for chil-
dren that have shown an apti-
tude for higher education: "We
want to be able to provide the
same things that a home would
be able to provide. For either
route they still need to save.
Some of them have, part-time
jobs and some have had them in
the summer, we tend to foster
that mindset, where they would
get a summer or part-time job
up to their time of moving on.
But its not necessarily that they
are finished with school and
then six months later they are
moving on, some have had sum-
mer jobs since they were 16 and
are saving from that point."
The Ranfurly Home takes
children five year old and up.
The older they are, she said, the
harder it is to place them. She
said that the Home tends to
deal with longer range children
and that in the last five years
they have had only had one
child that was placed for adop-
tion: "That is one of my goals to
see if we can get more children
into smaller family units," she.
Ms Gardiner said that she
hopes to see built, in the not so
distant future, a transition home
that will ease the teenagers into
independent living, to soften the
shock for teenagers who are
ready to leave them. and to
lessen the gap between living .
at the home and living on their
"At least the first six months
can be a little bit roigh. Some
are very open for encourage-
ment, for guidance and assis-
tance while they are on their
own, others want to do it on
.their own. Some of them take
guidance a little bit better than
others, so for the first year it is
usually a very trying time," she
According to Ms Gardiner,
the Ranfurly Home is home to
orphans, abused children, chil-
dren who have been neglected
and abandoned, those who have
come through the courts and
the Department of Social Ser-
vices. The average age of chil-
dren who leave the home is 19
to 20, and within the last two
years two of the Home's resi-
dents have gone off to school
and three of them have moved
out on their own. -

In 2007, the Ranfurly Home
x ill celebrate its 50th anniy-
sary. With this in mind, Ms ('r
diner said that she is worlklig
to gather as much information
as possible about the home a
its past and present resident
"A number of them ar
government jobs and price
sector jobs who have pas
through, who have had soj~
training here and moved on.
We've had some success stories
and some who have not mad A,4
most of the time it dependsrun
the willingness of them-,to
receive instruction and hage
guidance. -
"Once they reach 18 nist
kids want to do what they wait,
whether they are in living vSth
their parents or living here.
They think that they have
arrived," she said. '
The administrative assistant
at the Children's Emergercqy
Hostel, Nakita Smith said t-e
residence is home to children
from infants up to age eleven,
She said that when they finish
grade six or turn 12, they moie
on to another institution, like
the Ranfurly Home, if they
have not been adopted. lJ
Describing the home as a
place for children who have su-
fered from abuse, abandonment
and neglect, Ms Smith said the
hostel is a short term facility
that caters to children from pi -
school to primary school. ..
"We usually get kids betweeta
two and three years old, but
they are usually here temporar-
ily. Right now we don't hae
any that are up for adoption,
the majority of them usually
return to their homes.
"We'd rather then be-here
than on the street or being
abused. We usually have mo6e
boys than girls, but there arno
male, consistent figuTSf at
come in to deal with thlm e
do have. two male emp es,
but they are bis drivers,ko they
don't have that one on one con-
Stact with the kids. I dbn't know
why more males don't come to
spend time with the kids. There
are not many male social work-
ers, I don't know if they feel its
a female oriented job, or the
just can't handle the pressure.",
The lack of a consistent mal
figure in their lives seems ts
ha'e a negative impact on the
children, especially the boy
who are there long term.
According to Ms Smith, many
of the male kids act out, or are
very aggressive with the female
staff members, even going Is
far as to try to fight them ..
"They might have this in the
back of their mind 'well no mai
here so I can do as I please'. I
think the government is start
ing a social work cadet prof
gramme and I've noticed thaj
when the programme camq
here there were only females'
We try to bring males in froni
the community and churches'
but that's not on a consistent
basis. The kids get frustrated
too. They see women who are
coming in consistently, but the-
males don't come and they"
wonder why," she said.

A 'public' nightmare

FROM page 1C

humans. But when you get to
the machine, more often than
not (or so it seems) the thing is
"temporarily out of service."
We won't even mention the
government offices that close
at 4:30pm but when you call or
visit at 3:30pm the person you
need to speak to or to see is
not in office, on vacation, or
"out to lunch." Makes you
want to ask what time they had
breakfast! Nor will we mention
the parts department of your
car dealership that closes for
lunch from 1pm to 2pm the
only time in the day you can
possibly leave work.
On a similar note, why is it
that a business that sells hard-
ware or building materials
would be closed on a Saturday,
which the more naive among
us would imagine might be the
most lucrative day for a busi-
ness of this sort to be open? Is
it that the owner is already a
multi-millionaire so need not
harass himself with selling mer-
chandise when he could be out
cruising the crystal-clear waters
or having a long weekend
When the cold weather is at
its coldest, you get to the office,
hoping for somewhere to warm
yourself. Vain hope! Nowhere
is it colder than inside the

building, where the air condi-
tioning seems to be at its lowest
setting because yqu (and every-
one else) are shivering. In the
major hotels, one can under-
stand the low setting on the
thermostat (the tourists have
to be made to feel at home),
but it is a little more puzzling in
places mostly frequented by
locals. Or maybe management
has never heard of global
warming or conservation.
Then there is the building
with stairs so minuscule that
even two very scrawny people
(and most of us cannot be clas-
sified as such) cannot pass at
the same time so you have to
wait till the other person comes
down before you can go up!
This would make for a lot of
fun if a fire were to break out.
But how on earth did these
buildings ever get approved in
the first place? And what were

the owners thinking of wheq
they saw the plans? One can
only conclude that they did 'd
see them or they were dayA
dreaming when they did. -
Most buildings now have
made some attempt to allqw
access to the disabled. That'
all good until you stumble
across the access ramp thaf
allows only wheelchairs that
have a very flexible turning arc
(since the ramp is at a 90)
degree angle to the entrance)
and almost causes the rest of
us to break our necks if wi
don't see them in time. '
We could discuss any num
ber of other (in)conveniencds4
but by now you have a glazed
look in your eye.- so let's n'of
spoil your day any further! '

SMarjorie Downie isba
senior lecturer at The Collegig
of the Bahamas.-

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Physical fitness enhances

everybody's well-being

Pay your

vet a visit

at least

twice a


What to Expect:
Examination: Your veteri-
narian will examine your pet's
eyes, nose, ears, mouth and
coat for any external evidence
of problems.
Your Veterinarian will lis-
ten to your pet's heart and
lungs and palpate its abdomen
for any abnormalities.
Your pet will be weighed
and have its conformation
checked (muscles and joints).
A proper diet and proper sup-
plements will be discussed.
Parsites: Your veterinarian
will check for evidence of
external parasites fleas, ticks,
mites and lice. Internal para-
sites, common ones are heart-
worms and intestinal worms -
will be checked through blood
and stool samples.
These exams will help you
and your veterinarian select
the most appropriate and the
safest parasite prevention pro-
gramme, such as Heartgard or
Vaccintions: Dogs and cats
must be vaccinated to prevent
rabies and other disease such
as canine distemper, parvo.
and leptospirosis. Presently
there is an outbreak of canine
distemper on New Provil
dence. There are many addi-
tional vaccines available which
are given commensurate with
your pets potential risk, such
as kennel cough. These must
be considered if your pet
spends time outside, goes to
kennels or groomers, goes to
parks or travels out of coun-
try. One size does not fit all, so
it is very important to discuss
this with your family veteri-
narian before committing to
a 'package' that your pet may'
not need.
Ask your veterinarian the
most effective ways to keep
your pet healthy. This includes
how to care for its teeth, how
to protect its joints and how to
care for the senior pet. If your
pet has not been spayed or
neutered, arrange to have one
of these crucial surgeries done
both to prevent many future
problems with your pet and
to help reduce the serious
overpopulation problem we
currently face.
SDr Basil Sands is a-vet-
erinarian at the Central Ani-
mal Hospital. Questions or
comments should be directed
tofeatures@00jamzcom or Dr
Sands can also be contacted
at 325-1288

A few weeks ago the Ministry
of Health's "Healthy Lifestyle
Initiative" set off a national
walk under the theme "Get Up
& Move" in an effort to pro-
mote and encourage increased
physical activity on a regular
The concept of physical activ-
ity is nothing new; it has been
around for many years. Over
the last quarter century strong
scientific evidence has clearly
and repeatedly shown that exer-
cising regularly and practicing
sports, support a healthy life
and prevents or delays the onset
of lifestyle diseases
As we continue to advocate
increased physical activity and a
healthy lifestyle, the Lighten Up
& Live Healthy team forwards
information on physical activi-
ty as taken from Nyam News a
quarterly nutrition newsletter
from the Caribbean Food &
Nutrition Institute of Jamaica.

90's has seen
progress in the
area of fitness
and health. Numerous research
studies have been conducted
and information abounds on
the advantage of physical fit-
ness. It is now generally known
and accepted that physical fit-
ness enhances the well-being
of every living person.
Physical fitness is defined as
a state of physical wellness that
embodies a balance between
several fitness components,
that is, flexibility, strength and
endurance. It can also be inter-
preted as a state where an indi-
vidual is able to perform the
activities of daily living ade-
quately, efficiently and safely.
Physical fitness is indeed a
multifaceted concept and has
different meanings to different
individuals depending on the
Individual's perspectives. For
example, a marathon runner's
primary objective will be to
optimize cardiovascular fitness,
while a power lifter's primary
objective is to increase muscu-
lar strength.
The basic components of
physical fitness and their defi-
nition are as follow:
Strength: This is a force
exerted by the muscle during

Endurance: This is the capac-
ity of the cardiovascular and
muscular system in executing
a prolonged and repeated
Flexibility: This refers to the
range of motion about a joint.
Good flexibility is important
to allow freedom of movement
to prevent injury and to main-
tain mobility.

Two broad headings for
exercise-related activities have
emerged from the growing fit-
ness industry: Aerobics and
strength (resistive) training.
Aerobics include the typical
exercises such as running,
swimming, cycling and sports.
More recently aerobic dancing
and stepping have become
quite popular.

The main objective of aero-
bic exercise is to increase the
maximum amount of oxygen
that the body can process in a
given time. This is referred to
as aerobic capacity and
depends largely on an efficient
cardiovascular system capable
of delivering large volumes of
blood and hence oxygen to the
working muscles and lungs.
Aerobic fitness, in short,
depends on an efficient lung, a
powerful heart and a good net-
work of arteries, veins and cap-
illaries. Because it involves
such vital organs, aerobic fit-
ness can be viewed as the best
measures of overall fitness.

Strength (resistance) train-
ing makes full use of the inher-
ent potential of the human
organism for adaptation. Pro-
gressive application of resis-
taince to working muscle forces
thetissuesto adapt, resulting in
increasing size and strength bf
the muscle and also connective
tissues. L
Strength training incorpo-
rates the use of apparatus'or
body weight to create the over-
load effects necessary to bring
about the above-mentioned
physiological adaptations.
Dumbbell machines and rub-
beiized resistance are general-
ly used to do this type of train-

Flexibility is the ability of the
joints to move through a full
range of motion. Inactivity over
a long period causes connec-
tive tissues to shrink, thus lim-
iting range of motion. Train-
ing can reduce the factors that
inhabit flexibility. A pro-
gramme of static stretching for
all major muscle groups brings
about good flexibility.

Research has shown that
many positive physiological
changes occur as a conse-
quence of regular exercise and
fitness. The most important of
the changes has to do with the
role of exercise in preventing
or, in some cases reversing the
effects of the lifestyle disease
and some forms of cancer.

Diabetes is primarily a dis-
ease of inadequate utilisation
of blood glucose (sugar). Living,
with diabetes requires a com-
plete lifestyle change. This
includes reducing body fats,
reducing stress and learning to
monitor blood sugar levels. It
has been shown that exercise
helps to burn excess blood glu-
cose, thus keeping blood sugar
levels within normal limits.

Hypertension is a state
where the pressure exerted by
the blood against the walls of
blood vessels is too high. Exer-
cise has been known to lower
the blood pressure towards the
healthy normal levels and thus
decrease the risks of kidney
malfunction and strokes.

Heart Disease
The progressive build-up of
cholesterol and plaque Within
thi valls f the blood vessels is
ass6ciaited with atherosclero-
sis. When this involves the ves-
sels of the heart, coronary heart
disease is the likely result. Sci-
entific evidence has shown that
body' fat reduction generally
helps to normalise cholesterol
and fat levels. Exercise also
seems to enhance the ability of
the heart' muscles to contract
and maintain steadiness during
periods of stress. The circula-1
tion within the heart also

Lighten Up &

Live Healthy

improves as a result of
increased vescularity (blood
vessels) throughout the heart
The following is a list of
major benefits of physical fit-
ness and exercise:
Increases strength of the
muscular system;
Improves strength and effi-
ciency of the heart and circula-
tory systems;
Increases the total volume of
blood and red blood cells cir-
culating through the body;
Increases aerobic capacity -
the body's ability to utilise oxy-
gen effectively;
Increases bone density;
Increases lean body mass
which in turn increases meta-
bolic rate, consequently, body
fat (excess) is more readily con-
Reduces risk of injury;
Heightens sense of well-
being and metal function'; and
Maintains physically attrac-
tive body.

Starting a fitness programme
need not be a major time con-
suming or expensive operation.
One hour, three to four days
per week of moderate or vig-
orous physical activity is
enough to set any sedentary
individual on the road to fit-
ness. A simple fitness pro-
gramme which includes walk-
ing on a regular basis along.
with;basic-tretchs-. a nd caliS
thenics (strength exercises) can
form the basis for good fitness.

Fitness Programme
The objective is to do at least,
20-30 minutes of aerobic con-
ditioning within an hour of
exercises at least three to four
days per week. Each session of
aerobics should be followed by
eight to ten minutes of grad-
ual cooling down and then
another six to eight minutes of

static stretches, focusing on the
major muscles of the thighs,
calves and trunk.
Hold each stretch for 20-30
seconds. Following the stretch-
es strength exercise can be
done again focusing on chest,
shoulders and back. A finil
stretch of all muscles worked
completes the day's training

Simple Walking Programme
Week 1: Individual walks a
mile, comfortable and note
time taken to complete the dis-
tance. Repeat this three to four
times a week.
Week 2: Individuals walks -
a mile, but try to reduce the
time by two to four minutes
(note the time) Repeat as for
week one.
Week 3: Continue as before
trying to reduce the time by
two to three minutes. Process
continues for another two
weeks progressively reducing
the time, until a general brisk
walking pace can be main-
Training can be progressed
gradually: Using for example
a routine sequence of walking
for the first week.' then.jggmg
for the secondhand returning
to walking for the third.

Reminders When
Undertaking a Fitness
Progress slowly
Warm up properly
E* Exercise within your level
of tolerance
Cool down'slowly
'Be consistent:

Prepared by John
Campbell, fitness
therapist, Jamaica.

Provided by Adelma PenY
Camelta Barnes & Melissa:
Underwood nutritionists from:
the Department of Health/
Ministry of Health

President of Cancer Society

welcomes organisation

HEALING Communicators
Toastmasters Club 7178,
recently moved its weekly
meetings to the new multi-pur-
pose premises of the Cancer
Society, Third Terrace, Cen-

'Eat right and exercise'

WHAT you eat is impor-
tant. It may help you prevent a
heart attack or stroke. Healthy
food habits can help you
reduce the major risk factors
for heart attack high choles-
terol, high blood pressure and
excess body weight.
They will also help reduce
your risk of stroke, because
heart disease and high blood
pressure are major risk factors
for stroke.
Eat five or more servings of
fruits and vegetables a day.
Include fat-free and low-fat
milk products, fish, beans,
skinless poultry and lean
meats. Choose fats with two
grams or less saturated fat per
serving such as canola oil and
olive oil. Balance the number
of calories you eat with the
number you use each day. (To
find that number, multiply the
number of pounds you weigh

by 15 calories. This represents
the average number of calo-
ries used in one day. If you are
less active, multiply your
weight by 13 instead).
.Maintain a level of physical
activity that keeps you fit and
balances the calories you burn
with the calories you eat. Lim-
it soft drinks and candy that
have a lot of sugars. Limit
foods high in fat. Eat less than
six grams of salt per day. The
secret to success is balance. If
you sometimes have high fat
food for dinner, balance it with
lower-fat foods such as
steamed vegetables or fruit.
Eating right and exercise do
more than improve your heart,
they also prevent type II dia-
betes, osteoporosis, and some
forms of cancer.
SSource Doctors

President of the Cancer Soci-
ety, Judy Ward-Carter wel-
comed the organisation on
behalf of the board of direc-
tors. In a brief address, she
expressed pleasure in having
such a prestigious group utilis-
ing the facility. Mrs Ward-
Carter said she feels that the
two organizations can work
closely together to their mutu-
al advantage and for the bene-
fit of the wider community
which they serve.


Ironically, Healing Commu-
nicators Club 7178 has been
intimately linked to the health
care community since its incep-
tion. The club was chartered in
1997 at the request of manage-
ment as a means of assisting
the staff of Doctors Hospital
with their communication and
leadership development. It was
originally called Doctors Hos-
pital Healing Communicators
Club 7178. In 1999 the club
extended its membership to the
neighboring professional com-
munity. The resulting mem-
bership growth necessitated a
more spacious meeting room
and so they moved to the J
Whitney Pinder building, for-
merly Imperial Life Financial.
On November 29,2005 the first
meeting was held at the cur-
rent venue, the Cancer Society
of the Bahamas.
Commenting on behalf of
the club, President of Club

* PICTURED standing (L- R); TM Monique Saunders, Treasurer; TM Thyamyra Dames, vice president
Public Relations; TM Glennnette Farquharson, vice president Education; Judy Ward-Carter, Cancer
Society president; TM Pamela D Rolle, president, TM Suncher Johnson, vice president Membership; TM
Davina Ambrister, Secretary; TM Stanley Wilson, sergeant-at-arms. Not pictured is TM NakerarSymonettei
immediate past president. (
(Photo: TM Anthony Longley/DTM)P

7178, TM Pamela D Rolle sug-
gested that it was destiny that
brought the two organizations
together. She opined that it is
no coincidence that a group
named Healing Communica-
tors was now meeting at the
Cancer Society.
Toastmasters Club 7178
meets every Tuesday at 6pm.
The public is invited to attend.


U- V') ~ ii i;i i




* THIS diagram provided by Dr Gregory Neil illustrates how a woman's breasts look before and after she has implants.

'A natural appearance

is the ideal goal
i.~~ ~ ^^c"


cosmetic surgery'


T he .three most
frequently per-
formed cosmetic
surgery proce-
dures in the
Bahamas are breast augmen-
tation, Botox, and blepharo-
plasty (eyelid tightening).
As a plastic and reconstruc-
tive surgeon in Nassau I get
questioned frequently about
breast and body contouring
procedures such as breast lifts,
breast reduction, and breast
augmentation or implants.
Breast augmentation has
become one of my most fre-
quently requested procedures
over the past five years. Most
of my patients request natural
looking breasts in proportion
to the rest of their body. They
do not want it to be obvious
that they have breast implants.
A natural appearance is the
ideal goal of cosmetic surgery.
_ Educating the public about
these commonly performed
procedures is the responsibili-
ty of the plastic surgeon. In my
experience an educated patient
is the best patient so we gen-
erally encourage patients to
ask questions.

Breast augmentation is the
surgical placement of breast
implants to improve size and
shape of the breasts. Implants
can also be used to make up
for differences in the size of
the breasts. A woman who is
seeking breast augmentation
fir her own personal fulfill-
rent is more likely to be hap-
15y with the results of surgery.
Qpod candidates for surgery
include healthy individuals
\ ho do not smoke. These
women generally have a posi-
tive outlook on life, respect
rheir bodies, and are taking
c4re of themselves with healthy
djet and exercise. Remember,
giastic surgery is not a substi-
tute for a healthy lifestyle.
Some commonly asked ques-
tions regarding breast aug-

Who should have breast

In our population breast
implants are usually request-
ed by women who have natu-
rall. small breasts. Implants

are often used to restore breast
volume which is lost following
pregnancy, due to breast-feed-
ing or weight loss after preg-
nancy. Many healthy women
requesting implants will relate
that they have always worn
padded brassieres. Breast aug-
mentation by itself is best for
those who do not have a lot of
sagging skin. If the nipple are-
ola area is slightly lower than
normal, a simple nipple lift can
be added to the procedure to
correct this.
When there is significant
drooping of the whole breast, a
breast lift may be performed
along with breast augmenta-
tion to improve the position
and shape of sagging breasts. It
should be done to fulfill your
own desire for enhanced breast
size and shape, not the desire
of others. Women of any age
can benefit from breast aug-
mentation to improve breast
size and projection. Women of
childbearing age should know
that breasts implants usually
do not interfere with a wom-
an's ability to breast-feed.
It is usually recommended
that breasts be fully developed
before considering augmenta-
tion. Teenagers and adoles-
cents may have a mismatch in
the size and shape of the breast
if one breast fails to develop
normally. In severe cases there
is a difference of several cup
sizes which is very distressing
to the teenager. Occasionally,
surgery will be a reasonable
option if the problem is causing
severe mental anxiety and dis-
tress. Insurance companies will
usually cover this medically
necessary surgery for develop-
mental abnormalities of the

What should I doifTIwa-nt
breast implants?
The first step is to arrange a
consultation with your plastic
surgeon to learn how you can
achieve breast enhancement
and improve your body image.
You will gain valuable infor-
mation about how the surgery
can be performed safely to
meet your individual needs.
Your plastic surgeon will
examine you, including a
breast examination, to ensure
your overall health. Depend-
ing on your age, a mammo-

Thursday, February 23, Bahamas Heart Association Health
fair, Town Centre mall, 8am 5pm. Free health testing by Doctors
, Hospital and various organizations, free giveaways.
Saturday, February 25, Subway Fun Run Walk, 7am. Arawak
, a;Cay toGoodman's Bay and back. Registration is $12 and includes
#iT-shirt, hat and goody bag. Prize for the largest group of walkers.
Applications can be picked up at any Subway restaurant and in the
local newspapers.

gram may be appropriate
before embarking on breast
augmentation. You will learn
the options available for breast
augmentation surgery. Your
surgeon will discuss the likely
outcomes including the risks
and benefits of surgery. Any
questions you have will be
You should tell your plastic
surgeon about any health prob-
lems you're having. Brijga list
of current medications includ-
ing vitamins and herbal sup-
plements you may be using.
Concentrated garlic pills, gink-
go Biloba ginseng root, flax
seed oil, Noni juice, Gogi juice,
cod liver oil (withOmega 3,6,9
fatty acids), vitamin E capsules,
,aspirin and Excedrin are all
blood thinners. These will
cause you to bleed more and
bruise more at the tinme wof
surgery.; .; : : ,
Be careful to get clear
instructions and follow them
precisely. By following the
instructions, you are ensuring
your safety. Breast augmenta-
tion is a very specialised and
individualised procedure. In
this geographic location, one
should seek adviceffbm a,plas-
tic surgeon certified by the
American Board of Plastic
Surgery or the Royal College
of Physicians and Surgeons of
If you go away for plastic
surgery at bargain-basement
prices, do not expect that they
will use the best quality equip-
ment most up-to-date implants.

How is the surgery

Your plastic surgeon per-
forms augmentation using the
highest grade implants. The
best implants carry a lifetime
warranty, insist on the best
implants. Remember, if you go
away for plastic surgery at bar-
gain-basement prices, do not
expect that they will use the
best implants. The elastomeric
(flexible plastic) shell contains
sterile saline solution the same
as you would get in an intra-
venous drip. Implant leakage is
extremely rare, but if the
implant should leak, the saline
is safely absorbed by the body,
and poses no health hazard.
Newer types of silicone
implants which some patients
request instead of saline are
called "cohesive gel". These
implants have a soft "gummy
bear" consistency and will not
leak. In the-rare-event-that the
implant shell fails. Most rep-
utable manufacturers will
replace the implant at no cost
to you in addition to paying
for part of the anesthesia and
surgical costs.
All this information will be
reviewed with you before you
sign the consent form to assure
your plastic surgeon that you
understand the procedure
including potential complica-
tions and how to avoid them.

The procedure is performed
in a sterile operating room
environment to minimize the
risk of infection. The axillary
approach (a small incision
under the armpit) is used so
there are no marks on the
breast. Usually I place the
implant below the pectoralis
muscle of the chest wall. A
beautiful contour can be
achie\ ed this way with natural,
look and fccl. Ms_,aagc is done,
for a few weeks-after the pror:
cedure to keep the breasts soft
and supple. The objective is to
make them look and feel nat-
Another good reason for
playing the implant below the
muscle includes less interfer-
ence with mammograms when
they become necessary,.Expe-
rienced radiologists doing a
mammogram will do a "dis-
\placement" view to bring most
of the breast tissue in front of
the implant for the mammo-
gram films. In this way there is
little interference with the
mammogram. In cases where
the. implants partially obstruct
the view, other investigations
such as ultrasound can be
utilised to further investigate
any suspicious lumps. Remem-
ber, breast implants do not
cause breast cancer, but they
do not prevent breast cancer
either. Women should be mon-
itored in exactly the same way
regardless of whether they
have implants or not.
There are other surgical
approaches for placing a breast
implant such as an incision
around the areola or just below
the breast crease. These are
used less frequently or in spe-
cial circumstances. The
,surgery usually takes just over
an hour to perform and you
will be sent home the same day
after recovering from anesthe-
Prescriptions for strong
painkillers and antibiotics will
be given. Some discomfort can
be expected, taking the med-
ications on time is a must.
Dressings will usually be
removed after a few days and
stitches will be removed after
four or five days. Most people
are back to work within five
days of the procedure. Fre-
quent follow-up visits will be
scheduled by your plastic sur-
geon to ensure proper healing
and a good implant position.

What happens after the.

You will wake up after the
surgery wearing a special sup-
portive bra or surgical dress-
ing. You will need a responsi-
ble adult to help you with med-
ication and everyday chores
for a few days. You can start
walking around and doing light
activity in two to three days
but avoid heavy lifting, and
raising the arms above the
head. Definitely do not go to
the gym or two strenuous exer-

cise until three to four weeks
after surgery.
Your plastic surgeon may
recommend a cotton brassiere
that closes in the front for com-
fort or no brassiere at all for
the first few weeks. Do not
wear underwire brassieres until
your plastic surgeon gives you
the OK. Once you are com-
pletely healed, I recommend
wearing,a brassiere for long-
term support to rmaiuitip t),.e
impro\ ed, appearance ot your The scars ire iuually
not a problem as they fade and
eventually give a good match
with surrounding skin. Your
plastic surgeon will tell you the
signs to watch out for, such as
blood collection beneath the
skin or dramatic difference in
breast size developing imme-
diately after the surgery.,

Is there any alternative to

Permanent breast enhance-
ment can only be achieved sur-
gically. Many creams and
tablets are advertised for
breast enhancement but do not
give proven results or permna-
nent satisfaction.'There is no
medical treatment and noth-
ing you can apply to the skin of
the breast to achieve any per-
manent enlargement.
Most of our patients have
thought about breast implants
for many years. We encourage
people seeking breast implants
to discuss it with their loved
ones, spouses, and significant
others. Cosmetic surgery can
be stressful. Friends, relatives,
church sisters and anyone
whose opinion you value can
form an important part of your
support group. Stable rela-
tionships and good family sup-:.
port are usually a formula for
successful outcome.
We are blessed in the'
Bahamas with a very sophisti-
cated patient population seek-.
ing the best that plastic surgery
has to offer. Breast augmen-
tation, liposuction, and facial
cosmetic procedures such las
facelift, neck lift, and eyelid
tightening are well-established.
In the Bahamas we experi-
ence a very high patient satis-
faction rate and a very low inci-
dence of complications. Our
goal is safe surgery with excel-
lent patient satisfaction and a
natural appearance. Patient
confidentiality is facilitated by
. our private surgical suite. By
making a conscious decision to
consult your qualified plastic
surgeon and complying with
instructions you are taking
important steps to help assure
your safety.

Dr Gregory Neil is a
board-certified plastic surgeon,
and is also qualified to perform
surgery of the hand. Interested
persons should contact Dr Neil
at Bahamas Plastic Surgery at
telephone 356-3189 or e-mail
him at

who eat more fish tend to
have smarter, more socia-
ble children, researchers
are claiming.
In a study conducted by
Dr Joseph Hibbeln of the
National Institutes of
Health in Bethesda, Mary-
land, the amount of
omega-3 fatty acids, typi-
cally found in oily fish and
dietary supplements,
ingested by a woman helps
to determine the level of
her child's intelligence,
fine motor skills, the abil-
ity to manipulate small
objects and, hand and eye
coordination and helps
to determine their propen-
sity toward anti-social
According to a report in
the Science Editor, the
study's findings show that
the children of women
who consumed the small-
est amounts of omega-3
fatty acids during their
pregnancies had a verbal
IQ six points lower than
Dr Hibbeln said that his
work shows that the bene-
fits of eating such foods
vastly outweigh the risks
associated with eating oily
fish and seafood when
pregnant. Pregnant
women are advised by
their doctors to limit their
consumption of oily fish
and seafood in order to
.avoid exposing their fetus-
es to trace amounts of
dioxins and brain-damag-
ing methyl mercury.
Dr Hibbeln worked
with Professor Jean Gold-
ing from Bristol Universi-
ty's Avon Longitudinal
Study of Parents and Chil-
dren which has data 6on
1-.000 expectant mothers
and their offspring. He
joined the study so that he
could research the effects
of omega-3 intake.
The researchers 'found
that at three and a half
years of age, those chil-
dren with the best mea-
sures of motor perfor-
mance had mothers with
the highest intake of
omega-3. A lower intake
during pregnancy led to
higher levels of pathologi-
cal social interactions such
as an inability to make
friends as a child grew up,
which was also linked to
antisocial behaviour in lat-
er life.
About 14 per cent of
seven-year-olds whose
mothers had the lowest
intake of omega-3 in preg-
nancy demonstrated such
behaviour, compared with
eight per cent born to
women on high-intake.
Fish is a good source of
omega-3, but because of
dioxins, the Food Stan-
dards Agency recom-
mends that women who
might have a child one
day, and women who are
pregnant or breast-feed-
ing, should have only two
portions of oily fish a
week. Omega-3 can also
be found in dietary and
. nutritional supplements



The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
'good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.



-'' I ** '



PaI Rc n. TI IFCqnAV FFRRI IARY 91 .006

'No one really knows

what causes scoliosis'



should I


after an




strength of your treatment,
your skin may feel a little tight
and sensitised for a little while
when you leave the skin care
centre. This is perfectly nor-
mal, and should dissipate
The most important consid-
eration after any form of exfo-
liation is to protect your super-
vulnerable skin against the sun.
An application of sun protec-
tion will protect your skin with-
out any chance of sensitisation.
You will also want to cleanse
with a super-gentle cleanser,
and follow with your moistur-
izer to prevent dehydration.
Your therapist may recom-
mend appropriate products for
your skin type.

Why isn't stronger better?
Many people get a little exfo-
liation-crazy under the mistak-
en notion that if a little is good,
a iot has to be great! (Ironical-
ly, this is why people often mis-
takenly opt for the more irri-
tating Glycolic Acid they
assume that more irritation
equals better results.) While
e'erc skin conditions differ-
ent jnd oecatA-t ei'#ialion
differently, y6oushould-tame
down your exfoliation regimen
if your skin feels chapped, irri-
tated or is unusually red for a
prolonged period of time. At
this point, you're not remov-
ing dead debris you're scrub-
bing away the protective barri-
er of the epidermis, which can
result in permanent sensitisa-
tion, premature aging and a
host of other concerns.

Sarah Simpson is a med-
ical skin care specialist at the
Dermal Clinic. The Dermal
Clinic is now in its new loca-
tion at One Sandyport Plaza
(the same building as Ballys
Gym). Ms Simpson can be
contacted at her new number
327-6788. For more informa-
tion log on to www.dermal-


EVERYONE's spine has natural curves. These
curves round our shoulders and make our lower back
curve slightly inward. But some people have spines
that also curve from side to side. Unlike poor posture,
these curves can't be corrected by learning to stand up
This condition of side to side spinal curves is called
scoliosis. A bit of a side to side curve isn't much to wor-
ry about, its when the curve gets too large that there
could be a problem. A big curve can be visible and
cause discomfort, and in severe cases a large curve can
even cause problems with breathing and circulation.
On a X-ray, the spine of a person with scoliosis
looks more like an "S" or a "C" than a straight line.
Some of the bones in a scoliotic spine also may have
rotated slightly, making the person's waist or shoulders
appear uneven.
No one really knows what causes scoliosis. Possible
causes can be from a trauma such as a bad fall or car
accident, a birth deformity, a short leg, or some type of
neuromuscular disease. The most common scoliosis is
called idiopathic scoliosis idiopathicc as a fancy word
for unknown). What is known is that this type of sco-
liosis runs in families.
Scoliosis is more common in women than in men.
The most important time to watch for a developing
scoliosis is between age 10 18, especially in girls.
As they go through hormone changes, it is the most
important time to have them checked regularly for ear-
ly signs of scoliosis. It is possible for a normal spine to

change very rapidly during this time, especially if
there is a family history of scoliosis.
The medical approach to scoliosis may include the
use of a brace that goes around the torso. However,
this type of treatment is usually not long lasting. In the
most severe cases, surgery may be done which usual-

ly involves a metal rod being grafted to the patient's
spine in hopes of stabilizing the spine. Before a drase
tic measure like surgery is taken I recommend that you
get a number of second opinions, which include that-of
a chiropractor.
As a chiropractor, my first goal is to determine the
cause of the scoliosis. This is done through a case his-
tory, exam, and the appropriate X-rays. Many cases;of
scoliosis can be helped and major improvement can be
made. The earlier we start the patient, the better the
results will be. Some cases of scoliosis may never be
straightened out, however that is not always the goal.
Some people would be worse if we tried to "straight-
en our their spine." It is very important to under-
stand that each case is individual and must be treated
as such.
The actual treatment of scoliosis consists of regular
chiropractic adjustments, which reposition the verte-
brae toward better alignment. The use of physio-
therapy, massage, and exercise is very important.
It is important to keep in mind that our goal is not
to always "cure" or "straighten out" the scoliosis,
because in a number of cases that may not be possible
Rather our goal is to "manage" the case. By regular
adjustment we can keep the spine working at its opti-
mum with a minimum amount of pressure on the ner-
vous system. This will usually keep the patient symp-
tom free and able to lead a normal life.

Susan Donald is a doctor of chiropractic at the,-
Life Chiropractic Centre. For more information please:
call 393-2774

'Bush medicine isn't for everyone'

FROM page 10C

According to Bahamian folk-
lore, the tradition of bush med-
icine was brought to the
Bahamas by African slaves. It
gained importance primarily in
the rural Family Islands where
doctors were rarely available.
Today, nearly 100 plants, in a
variety of concoctions, have
been passed down through gen-
erations to cure ailments like
indigestion, colds, diarrhea, and
headaches, even to treat more
serious conditions like hepatitis
and HIV.
Most of what is known about
which plants are good for this
ailment or that ailment, is
passed down through oral his-
tory, with only a few compre-
hensive books available about
the subject.
Inspired by the late Leslie
Higgs, who, in 1971, gave her a
copy of her book, "Bush Med-
icine In The Bahamas" veteran
educator Martha Hanna-Smith
of Abaco decided to immedi-
ately begin her own study of
bush medicine. Mrs Hanna-
Smith is a home economics
teacher at Abaco Central High
School in Murphy Town.
Thirty-five years of research
about plants on various islands
has been compiled into a book

about bush medicine, "Bush
Medicine in Bahamian Folk
Tradition", that was self-pub-
lished in December and
released in stores in January.
Her first study took place in
San Salvador, where she con-
ducted a comparison of bush
medicine practices to treat-
ments found in Acklins, where
she was born and grew up. She
also traveled to Cat Island and
Andros to do research.
"Bush Medicine in Bahami-
an Folk Tradition" is a 66-page
book written as a user friendly
guide in how to treat various
ailments. It also includes a brief
history of popular plants. The
book includes photo illustra-
tions of various plant, with two
illustrated sections.
The foreword for the book
was written by Dr Michael
Ingraham, a medical doctor
based in Nassau, who is also a
proponent of naturopathic.
medicine. There are also com-
ments from Minister of Youth,
Sports & Culture, Neville Wis-
The book covers a variety of
topics, including the doses that
bush medicine should, be
administered in. It also gives a
comparison of bush medicine
in the past and present. A pho-
to index of plants and their uses
,as well as a quick reference of


5W I 5

* MARTHA Hanna-Smith is
shown on the cover of her
book, "Bush Medicine in
Bahamian Folk Tradition".

plants, completes the hand-
Mrs Hanna-Smith, who is
herself a product of a child-
hood steeped in the practice of
bush medicine,- having used
bush medicine to ward off dis-
ease believes that natural
remedies should be on the
same level as traditional med-
The art and science of bush
medicine is gaining a greater
following due in part to the
interest of patients wanting to
"go natural", she believes. The
purpose of her book and her
work through hosting various
bush medicine workshops
throughout the islands, she
said, is to continue to preserve
the heritage of the "self-help
"Everybody seems to be
going natural these days," she
told Tribune Health during a
telephone interview from
Andros. "One seminar I held in
Hope Town last year there
were just lots of tourists anx-
ious to know about these
plants. And Bahamians, we
grow up on bush medicine, so

we know the healing powers."
While cerasee and aloe vera
may be most common, there
are an abundance of plants that
many Bahamians are not aware
of, as having healing proper-
One of the most versatile
,indigenous Bahamian plants is
the Lignum Vitae. Called the
Guiacum officinale, tree of life,
or as many old folk call it
"Nighty Whitey", it is also the
national tree of the Bahamas.
Its glossy leaves are a rich
green, and its abundant flowers
range in color from purple to
Said Mrs Hanna-Smith of the
plant: "It's really good to
strengthen the body as a whole,
and of course it's for males,
also for females. It's very bitter,
but the longer you boil it, the
more bitter it will be. If you
don't boil it too long it will be
less bitter. You can even use
the flowers as well, boil and
steep them for about five min-
utes and that is good for con-
The Gumbolimbo tree,
another plant used in bush
medicine, is a large tree with
red shaggy bark that peels off
in paper-thin strips. Its bark is a
common topical remedy for
skin sores, measles, sunburn,
insect bites, and rashes. Strips
of bark are boiled in water and
then used topically or drunk as
tea to treat backaches, urinary
tract infections, colds, flu, and
fevers. It's even used as an
Most Bahamians don't call
it the Gumbolimbo tree,
though. It's most often referred
to as 'Gamalamee' or
According to Mrs Hanna-
Smith, another one of the plan-
t's healing properties is to
counteract the work of another
plant: "With poisonwood,
when you touch up to it, it
causes a rash on your arms.
And what you can do is use the
gamalamee to ease this dis-
"We use the bark mainly, let
it dry a bit then make the tea
which is good for asthma or
backache. For backache you

can grater the bark, mix it with
a little flour and make a paste
then apply it to the back to
ease the pain. It can be used
as a tea also. The tea is good
for lack of appetite and cooling
of the blood when you are
heated," she said.
Aptly titled bush medicine,
the main ingredient in these
treatments are primarily shrubs
that grow in abundance in the
shrubs and bushes of the
Bahamas, though there are
some people who cultivate
these plants for the purpose of
medicine. Specific physical
characteristics and aromas
from the leaves, make them
easy to identify.
While Mrs Hanna-Smith is a
proponent of bush medicine,
she does not advise individu-
als to go out and pick any bush
and use it. They could be
choosing a bush to their detri-
ment, she warned
"God provides bush for
everyone and we should take
advantage of them, but we
must use them wisely. You
have to know which ones are
beneficial and which ones are
poisonous. Ask someone who
is knowledgeable to collect
them for you because many of
them look alike," said Mrs
Hanna-Smith, who also noted
that there are several plants
that can be mistaken for Sweet
Margaret, a plant used to treat
cold ailments. But breaking the
leaf and inhaling the sweet aro-
ma makes the identification
* Mrs Hanna-Smith said that
leaves from the bushes should
be picked in the dry season and
not in rainy weather because
once stored, they rot easier if
picked during the damp sea-
son. All leaves should be stored
in a place free of draft, she not-
"I do not encourage anyone
who doesn't know what he or
she is doing to try and treat
themselves with bush medicine.
Also, be careful when you a&
taking plants from peop
because you don't kno w.
they have added t' th'
ture," Mrs' Hannia-Sii

1Pilates has 'strong presence' in Bahan

FROM page 1OC

pates in a pilates routine, like
yoga, must pay attention to
what the body is doing, as pos-
ture is very important to an
effective pilates workout.
Never mind the hype from
those who claim that pilates
alone is responsibly for their
chiseled toned frame, though.
There is no magic exercise pro-
gramme, not even pilates.
Pilates will tone muscles and
improve strength, but it won't
give an adequate cardio work-
out, which is necessary in main-
taining optimum overall fitness.
In order to get a well-rounded
workout, one should combine

pilates training with at least 30
minutes of cardio each day.
Still, pilates, along with a
proper diet, is a great start. Mr
Ellis quoted Brian Goudie,
general manager of Bally Total
Fitness, who said that it is
important to offer persons vari-
ety in their fitness routine.

"With pilates training, per-
sonal trainers and group exer-
cise instructors can now offer
their clients a new dynamic way
of reaching their fitness goal,"
Mr Ellis told Tribune Health.
Needless to say, instructors
recommend that persons with
no experience in pilates learn

the basics first' And oncedly
have mastered the gett~
principles, move on to.n.4
advanced routines andpid
It should also be noted tih'
there are currently h t natiog~
standards set for'pi aest~lec
training, certifiatibn, arpro
fessional development in th
United States, so0not eveiyo ~
who claims to know what they
are doing actually does. It is
best to look for a facility with a
senior fitness professional who
supervises services and/of
trains the staff.

Consult a local physician
'before beginngllagthifoi'br y
other exercise programme.

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Pilates has a 'strong


Tribune Feature Writer

hough pilates is a
very old system of
exercise, it has
gained much
attention in
recent years as celebrities and
Hollywood stars claim to have
lost tones of weight and gained
a leaner, more toned frame
simply by engaging body and
mind in a series of controlled
movements, usually performed
on specifically designed exer-
cise apparatus and with trained
Fitness-oriented persons in
the Bahamas, it appears, have
also caught on to the hype.
Those persons who aren't run-
ning out to purchase the latest
book on pilates, or order the
latest pilates video from an
info-mmercial, or downloading
free pilates programmes from
the Internet, are enrolling in a
gym to learn more about this
fitness craze, one that actually
According to John Ellis II, a
personal trainer at Bally Total
Fitness, Sandyport Plaza,
pilates, the fitness trend that
has been making an impact all
over the world, also has a
"strong presence" here in the
Take his gym, for example.
Bally's offers pilates classes to
all of its members on Tuesdays
and Thursdays, and according
to Mr Ellis, pilates has become
very popular with its members.
Described as an "innovative
core strengthening and flexi-
bility training discipline" Mr
Ellis said that pilates was devel-
oped by German-born Joseph
H Pilates in the 1920s. Mr
Pilates was reportedly frail as a
child, but trained to become an

in Bahamas

E DONN Knowles, Bally personal trainer, demonstrates the double ring, double roller curl up, a very advanced Pilates movement,
Beginners should start by learning the basic principles of pilates first, before attempting more advanced exercises.
(Photo courtesy of Bally Total Fitness)

accomplished athlete.
As a nurse during World
War II, he designed special
apparatus for debilitated men
to help them regain their
strength. His designs during the
war inspired the pilates
machines that is used today,
comprised of pulleys, cables
and springs that Joseph Pilates
used in his exercise pro-
Like yoga, there are different
types of pilates. The first uses
the machine most people call

the reformer which is a sliding
carriage with resistance springs.
You can do 500-800 different
exercises on this machine.
Then there's the trap table
or Cadillac. This piece of
equipment looks like a table
with bars above.
Not everyone has the money
or the space to accommodate
one of these machines in their
home, which brings us to
another form of pilates that
requires nothing more than a
floor mat. There are no appa-

Distributed by Lowe's Wholesale, Soldier Road
Tel: 393-7111 Fax: 393-0440

ratus', and the body serves as
its own weight or resistance.
Balls can also be used.
Though pilates is an exercise
system that has been around
since the 1920s, it has seen
many advancements. Many
persons continue to build on
and develop new exercises
using the basic principles that
Mr Pilates designed.
Today, there are a number
of methods for teaching or
"schools", including Stott and
Winsor. Similar to yoga, in that
there are many variations on
the same theme of core
strength, muscle balance, fluid
movement and breath, the
main differences are in the type
of breath used or in the basic
body alignment.
"The essence of the pilates
method is proper breathing and
control throughout a series of
movements engaging body and
mind with emphasis on the
abdomen, strengthening your
central core," Mr Ellis told Tri-
bune Health. "Devotees of
pilates believe this is the key
to a healthy body and great
posture," he added.
In many cases, pilates is used
to help persons maintain a
healthy weight, relieve stress
and back pain, and to create
long,.lean muscles for both
men and women, Mr Ellis not-
Fitness experts at Bally Total
Fitness Bahamas got a chance
to familiarize themselves with
the newest innovations in
pilates at a recent weekend
training workshop. The in-
depth training workshop in the
proper presentation of pilates
movements was conducted by
Vivian Thurman, a pilates mas-
ter trainer from Bally in Wash-
ington DC.
Ms Thurman is a former pro-
fessional dancer and moved
into the fitness field during the
late 1990s. She said that teach-
ing pilates was suggested to her
because many dancers did it
and the moves in pilates are
comparable to moves learnt in
In 2000, Ms Thurman
became the very first pilates
master trainer for Bally Total
Fitness. She now teaches
pilates mat, pilates mat with
small apparatus, and pilates
allegro (with the reformer).
She also trains persons to teach
pilates throughout the United
It was Ms Thurman's first
time to the Bahamas and she

said that it was inspiring to see
Bahamian instructors keeping
up with all of the latest fitness
trends and demonstrating such
proficiency in pilates.
While pilates classes have
been offered at Bally since the
club was established, the work-
shop allowed more staff mem-
bers the opportunity to learn
how to instruct a pilates class,
said Mr Ellis.
Like Ms Thurman, Gillian
Springer and Sherrie Ruther-
ford, who conduct the pilates
classes at Bally Total Fitness
Bahamas, were also profes-
sional dancers who later made
the transition to fitness. Mr
Ellis said that both women
were involved in three months
of intense pilates training
before Ms Thurman's weekend
According to Bally personal
trainer Donn Knowles, last
month's pilates workshop was
the best training programme
that he has ever had a chance
to participate in.
He added that doing pilates
really helped him focus more
on developing core strength,
which is the development of-
the abdominal and back mus-
cles that surround the core area
of the body, a tight and power-
ful support structure of muscle
bundles running in different
directions. The core muscles
act as shock absorbers when
we do plyometric exercises like
skipping or jumping rope, in
which the body's muscles are
loaded suddenly and stretched,
then quickly contracted to pro-
duce a movement. The core
muscles help to stabilize in
these situations.
"Pilates training should be a
part of every personal train-
er's repertoire," Mr Knowles
Unlike other exercises like
running or biking, pilates is
counterintuitive. The motion
and movements required to
perform the exercise aren't
what people are used to, so it
requires more focus. This is
why many people associate
pilates with yoga, which
engages both the mind and
muscles in the body.
Pilates doesn't allow persons
to simply plug in a set of head-
phones, zone out to the music
or television programme, and
forget that they are working
out. The person who partici-

SEE page 8C



isn't for


Tribune Feature

THE argument that a
patient can heal himself
without the use of tradi-
tional medicines, is one
that has been long been
put forward. The use of
homeopathic treatments
like acupuncture and aro-
matherapy are practiced
in the Bahamas, but no
form of treatment is more
popular in this culture than
the use of indigenous
plants to cure a variety of
ailments, or the practice of
bush medicine.
What many people do
not know however, is that
bush medicine is not for
everyone. Some plants and
herbs can do more harm
than good, or heal a par-
ticular ailment while bring-
ing about some other
adverse effect. So just as
consumers are cautious
about what over-the-
counter medication to
take, how often to take it,
and for how long, those
who opt for the naturo-
pathic route should not
throw caution to the wind.
"Side effects from any
medication can be life
threatening, but physicians
will ensure that the patient
does not have any aller-
gies to the medication, that
the patient is on no med-
ication that will cause
adverse interaction with
the new medication being
prescribed. We would also.
advise patients regarding
adverse effects and what
to watch out for. Some
bush medication can cause
liver or kidney damage
which may be permanent,"
Dr Graham Cates, a physi-
cian at the Family Medi-
cine Center, told Tribune
Because of the potential
harm to the body, Dr
Cates suggests that admin-
istration of bush medicine
be regulated in the same
way that other medications
are. "Unfortunately there
are no safe guards in place
during the manufacturing
of many (bush medicine)
products. This affects the
concentration of the prod-
uct and therefore the
effectiveness, if it is effec-
tive at all.
"Many of these plants
are gathered from areas
which may be contaminat-
ed. There needs to be reg-
ulation of the production
and distribution of these
products. There also needs
to be licensing for persons
who are prescribing these
products just as there is
licensing for person pre-
scribing pharmaceuticals."
Dr Cates does not com-
pletely discourage the use
of bush medicine however,
once it is being prescribed
by a properly trained
naturopathic physician,
and once it is not being
used as the only therapy
for patients with more seri-
ous health issues than a
common cold. "Unfortu,
nately, we are seeing
patients with serious ill-
nesses such as cancer, dia-
betes or hypertension
stopping their prescribed
medication to use herbal
remedies. This is having
an adverse effect on the
health and in some cases
has resulted in hospital-
ization, or every death,"
he said.

SEE page 8C



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