Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune
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 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau Bahamas
Publication Date: October 11, 2005
Copyright Date: 2005
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00228
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850

Full Text

CANCER" irm ovin'.





Volume: 101 No.263









US newspaper article on

Bahamas after interview

with ambassador

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE Bahamas has been por-
trayed in the international press
as "a country where rapes go
The claim was made after US
Ambassador John Rood
expressed concern to a Florida
newspaper about the number
of American women raped
while in the Bahamas.
Although the article made
references to the Natalie Hol-
loway case ini Arurb'ar, tourism
ministry officials maintain that
the Bahamas is not a "high risk"
The ambassador told the St
Petersburg Times Online Edi-
tion that, at his last count, more
than 26 American women were
raped while visiting the
Bahamas in the past three years.
He said the number was large
enough to be of concern, but
not enough to issue a travel
According to the article's
headline, "rapes often go unno-
ticed in the Bahamas." "Pro-
tecting tourists, including kids
on spring break, hasn't been a
priority here. Officials want that
to change," was the sub-head-
In the interview, Mr Rood
described many of the situations
involving the rape of Ameri-
cans as "horrific".
According to his staff, they
included cases of women climb-
ing into unlicensed cabs and get-
ting raped by the drivers,
tourists raping other tourists,
watercraft operators taking girls
to secluded islands and assault-
ing them.
Mr Rood told the paper that
finding information on the cir-
cumstances of a rape is like

playing "clue" because police
records are often sealed until
the outcome of a case.
He also said he has been
engaged in monthly meetings
with authorities to discuss ways
to combat the problem.
"Aruba has raised everyone's
awareness of how criminal situ-
ations can affect countries that
are dominated by tourism," Mr
Rood said.
Tourism PR director Basil
Smith told The Tribune that the
ambassador's concerns about
US citizens is understandable
and in order.
"Anytime you have someone
who commits a rape, it is cause
to be concerned," he said.
In fact, he said the ministry
has made serious efforts to
improve safety conditions for
persons visiting the country.
These measures have includ-
ed a number of high-level meet-
ings between the ministry,, the
embassy, police and the tourism
sector to ensure that there is a
strong level of security in areas
frequented by tourists. The lat,
est meeting occurred just two
weeks ago, he added.
However, he said that the
ministry does not take "overt"
measures in its marketing cam-
paigns because it does not feel
that the Bahamas is a "high
risk" destination.
"The Bahamas is one- of the
safest destinations in the
world," he said.
Mr Smith said that crime hap-
pens worldwide and, while it is
always unfortunate, it is diffi-
cult to prevent.
SEE page 11

* NIXON ZEPHIR (centre)
outside of court yesterday.
(Photo: Derek Carroll)

'Showdown meeting'

with T'rnquest expected

Tribune Staff Reporter
said last night they were expect-
ing a showdown meeting with
Tommy Turnquest today to
thrash out the party's leader-
ship problems.
Well-placed sources claimed
the party's principal financiers
were planning to issue a "stand
down or else" ultimatum to Mr
It has been speculated in the
past that major FNM backers
would not support Mr Turn-
quest going into another elec-
tion as party leader following
its 2002 landslide defeat.
Since then sections of the par-
ty have been trying to orches-
trate a comeback by ex-leader
and former prime minister
Hubert Ingraham.
During the last FNM council
meeting, Mr Ingraham was vot-
ed in by 88 to 40 to assume the
House opposition leader's role,
replacing Alvin Smith.
Mr Smith has stated publicly
that he would step down to
allow for Mr Ingraham's return,
but has yet to formally relin-
quish his position,
Political observers have said
the move to elect Mr Ingraham

* FNM Leader
Tommy Turnquest

as leader in the House is "part
two in a four-point plan" to
reposition the ex-PM as FNM
leader once again. .
However, Mr Turnquest told
The Tribune last night that it is
highly unlikely that Mr Ingra-
ham will assume the role as

SEE page 11

Man charged
with murder
of his ex-wife
Tribune Freeportr
Reporter. ,
mob gathered at Eight Mile
Rock Magistrate's Court yes,
terday to get a glimpse of
Nixon Zephir the ma|
charged with the murder c
his 29-year-old ex-wife an,
mother of four.
Zephir, a 28-year-old Hait
ian, is accused of killing Anni
Thompson, who was found
dead at her home in Hanna
Hill, Eight Mile Rock, last
He was escorted under
heavy police guard around
11am to the courthouse in
Martin Town, where a crowd
of onlookers awaited his
arrival for an hour.
Zephir, of Mayfield Park,
SEE page 11

* VIKTOR KOZENY is shown leaving court yesterday.
(Photo: Felipg Major/Tribune staff)

Viktor Kozeny

appears in court
Tribune Staff Reporter
"I AM remorseful but I don't feel I have done anything
wrong," said Lyford Cay investor Viktor Kozeny as he
appeared before Magistrate Carolita Bethel yesterday.
Kozeny and his lawyers were presenting arguments to the
judge in a bid to have him freed from jail until extradition pro-
ceedings against him begin on December 1.
The Czech-born multi-millionaire will have to spend a few
more days in jail before knowing Magistrate Bethel's decision.
SEE page 11

Nasua d Bhm sad'La Ing Newspaper




PAGE 2, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 2005 .....,.I


The PM should deal with his

own issues, not the FNM's


T HE governing party and its
allies are obviously enjoying the
goings-on in the opposition in the run-up
to the FNM's convention in November.
In the House of Assembly last week
PLP members, including Prime Minis-
ter Perry Christie, took aim at the way
the FNM's leadership contest is devel-
That is what opposing political par-
ties do, and in this particular case the
process has not been a text-book exam-
ple of what should happen. But political
activity is seldom by the letter and that is
why each major political event has an
anatomy of its own.
While attempting to score points, Mr
Christie and his colleagues should bear in
mind that the Bahamian electorate is
more sophisticated, exposed and
informed than ever before.
The idea that a political party can or
should at all costs avoid internal debates
and contests is simply foolish and can
never lead to progress, only atrophy. A
political party must demonstrate that it is
willing to take the risks associated with
democratic process.
Similarly and this is a lesson Mr
Christie has yet to assimilate a prime
minister does not preserve the stability of
his party nor the nation when he allows
everybody in his government to do just
as they please. Ignoring crises today only
means they will intensify tomorrow.

As the song says, Mr Christie
should deal with his own
issues, which happen to be multitudi-
nous and, apparently, overwhelming.
In the next election his government
will have to account for a long list of
decisions avoided, blunders committed
and promises betrayed. And, as much
as Mr Christie might like to play the
ostrich, they also have to face the issue of
leadership. The lean and hungry ones
are already plotting.

All political parties have internal
A tensions and, from time to
time, fights over leadership. This is true!
of totalitarian parties as well as democ-
ratic parties. That does not necessarily
mean that a particular party is inherent-
ly unstable. It is the nature of politics.
A vicious battle erupted in Britain in
1990 when Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher was brought down by a coup in
her own Conservative Party. She is
regarded by some as the greatest British
prime minister since Winston Churchill
but that did not stop her colleagues from

moving against her when they thought it
was in the interest of their party and the
This drama made daily and sometimes
lurid headlines in the British press. A
fascinating insider's account of the
machinations can be found in Alan
Clark's astonishingly frank Diaries, pub-
lished by Weidenfeld and Nicolson. Mr
Clark records, after a phone conversa-
tion with Mrs Thatcher as the revolt was
"I don't think she realises what a jam
she's in. It's the Bunker syndrome.
Everyone round you is clicking their
heels. The saluting sentries have highly
polished boots and beautifully creased
uniforms. But out there at the Front it's
all disiritegrating.The'soldiers are starv-
ing in' tatters and makeshift bandages.
Whole units are mutinous and in flight."
A few other snippets from Mr Clark's
Diaries may have resonance here:
"The party is virtually out of control.
Mutinous... Code is abandoned. Disci-
pline is breaking up.. .We are at present
in a state where any news, however slight
and tenuous, spreads like wildfire if it is
damaging... Perfectly ridiculous. No-one

The idea that a political party can or
should at all costs avoid internal
debates and contests is simply foolish
and can never lead to progress, only

seems to have given a thought to the
constitutional implications, still less the
international... Margaret will never be
defeated either in the country or in this
House of Commons."
In that last comment Mr Clark appar-
ently forgot his own earlier discernment:
"It's this absolute unpredictability that
makes politics irresistible."
I strongly recommend Alan Clark's
Diaries to those Bahamian politicians
who have not yet read it, but I fear the
point of all this will go completely over
the head of PLP chairman Raynard Rig-
by. Mr Rigby and others who ought
to know better have been talking as if
there is something peculiarly unstable
about the FNM.

There have been three genuinely
national political parties in the
short history of party government in the
Bahamas: the UBP, the PLP and the
FNM. If you measure instability by inter-
nal conflicts, splits and defections, then
the PLP has been far and away the most
The FNM was formed in 1971 when
most of the opposition forces in, the
country came together under its banner.
Just before the 1977 general election,
internal wrangling led to an open split.
Space does not permit a detailed
account, but it was indeed a spectacular
splintering which distressed thousands
of voters who wanted to express effec-
tively their displeasure with the PLP.
The PLP naturally milked this divi-
sion for years. But between 1977 and
1982 a most remarkable process took
place uniting all the factions again under
the banner of the FNM. They have been
together ever since.
The late Sir Kendal Isaacs led the par-
ty into'the 1982 election when it won 11
seats. Included in that parliamentary
contingent was the late Sir Cecil Wal-
lace Whitfield, founding leader of the-
party, who collaborated wholeheartedly
with Sir Kendal.
Sir Kendal led the party again in 1987
but resigned when it did not win, and
Sir Cecil became leader. The FNM got
16 seats. After Sir Cecil's illness and
death, Hubert Ingraham was elected and
led the party into two election victories.

A confrontation with Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham,
and the FNM leadership contest in 2001,
led to the disaffection of two FNM par-
liamentary members, Tennyson Wells
and Pierre Dupuch.
They were not nominated by the par-
ty for the 2002 election but ran as inde-
pendents with PLP support and kept
their seats. As far as I know these two
gentlemen have not attempted to start a
new party and Mr Dupuch has
announced he will not run again.
Leaving aside the special case of Sir
Randol Fawkes, who resigned from the
PLP and formed his own Labour Party
prior to majority rule, three separate
political parties were started as a result of
splits in the PLP.
There was an intense power struggle in
the PLP after its fprmation in 1956 which
resulted in the ascendancy of the late
Sir Lynden Pindling and his supporters.

In 1963 there was an incident at Sir Lyn-
den's house on Soldier Road which came
to be known as "the Christmas Coup".
Then in 1965 after the mace incident
four PLP parliamentary members led by
Paul Adderley broke a boycott of the
House which had been ordered by Sir
Lynden with the support of the party.
They were suspended from the PLP and
three of them became the nucleus of the
National Democratic Party under Mr
Adderley's leadership.
Mr Adderley led his NDP into the 1967
election in opposition to the PLP but
failed to win a seat. The NDP failed again
when it opposed the PLP in 1972. After
that election Mr Adderley went back to
the PLP while most of his NDP. col-
leagues teamed up with the new FNM.

B y far the grandest of all party
splits and the one that has had
the greatest impact on the history of the
Bahamas occurred in the PLP in 1970.
Eight parliamentary members, includ-

Ifyou measure
instability by
internal conflicts,
splits and
defections, then
the PLP has been
far and away the
most unstable

ing four former cabinet ministers, dra-
matically voted no confidence in Sir Lyn-
den at the height of his power, were sus-
pended from the PLP and went on to
form the Free National Movement in
All of this was accompanied by a
vicious propaganda campaign in which
the Eight were condemned on national
radio as traitors and some of them,
including Sir Cecil, were violently set
upon and beaten in broad daylight, at -
Lewis' Yard, Grand Bahama.:
The Lewis Yard incident.rand Sir .
Cecil's historic Free At Last speech to
the PLP convention occurred before the
no confidence vote. On the night of the
vote the Eight had to be protected from
a violent crowd by a strong police cor-
don. Even so, someone came danger-
ously close to stabbing Sir Cecil.
In 1997, after a humiliating defeat at
the polls, Sir Lynden finally gave up the
leadership of his, party and his two co-
deputy leaders, Perry Christie and Dr
Bernard Nottage, fought for the mantle.
It was a nasty affair in which Mr
Christie won and Dr Nottage left the
PLP to form the Coalition for Democ-
ratic Reform, the third party to be born
out of PLP infighting.
In addition to the Dissident Eight,
there is an impressive list of former PLP
parliamentarians and others who over
the years found life in that party unten-
able, including Carlton Francis, Edmund
Moxey, Sir Arlington Butler and Hubert
Ingraham. A few went back. One was
Perry Christie.

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.0111. a




Plea to Hilton to save Bimini

A MAJOR hotel group has
been asked to help save Bimini
from destruction.
A desperate plea has gone
out to Hilton International from
a businessman who fears the
island might already have been
wrecked beyond repair.
Lee Daniel Dettor, co-owner
of a family vacation home on
North Bimini, has approached
Hilton in the hope that Bimini
Bay developer Gerardo Capo
can be persuaded to stop exca-
vation on the island.
Concern has been growing for
years over the scale of Bimini
Bay and the havoc it is wreaking
on the local eco-system.
Mr Dettor and others fear
continued devastation of marine
life breeding grounds will
destroy fishing in the area and
make Bimini "irrelevant" as a
resort island.
He sought Hilton's help after
the group signed with Capo
agreeing to manage the hotel,
spa and casino resort planned
for Bimini Bay.
In a press statement, Mr Det-
tor said: "As a long-time
landowner and lover of Bimi-
ni, I have been sickened by the
destruction that has been
wrought on the tiny island by

Mr Capo and his associates.
"Even more deplorable is the
manner in which the Bahami-
an government has kow-towed
to Mr Capo's demands.
"Biminites, who once rose up
and protested the development,
are now falling silent. I'll leave it
up to you to deduce why every-
one has jumped on Capo's
Mr Dettor said he finds it dis-
gusting that a foreigner, in par-
ticular, can be given carte
blanche to obliterate the most
important asset Bimini has its
one-of-a-kind eco-systein and
attempt to convince Biminites
he's doing it out of great love
for the island and its inhabitants.
"Bimini Bay is currently a
mess. Nothing can be done
about the damage already
wrought. Salvaging what's left is
of vital importance. My hope is
that intelligent and responsible
minds will somehow prevail."
Mr Dettor said a "creative
group" was now needed to step
in, take over and call a halt to
any further dredging, filling and
mangrove removal.
"I'm hoping maybe Hilton
has the social conscience and
brains to do it," he added,
claiming Biminites will ulti-

mately pay "big time" with their
lives, their homes and their
"Simply stated, Bimini will
no longer be relevant. It will
become obsolete. Where will
Mr Capo and his government
officials be then? Rest assured,
it won't be in Bimini," said Mr


In a letter to Hilton chief
executive Ian Carter, Mr Dettor
asks: "How could the high-pro-
file, ostensibly eco-friendly,
international Hilton organisa-
tion possibly consider being a
party to such a blatant environ-
mental disaster?"
He tells Mr Carter that the
Conrad Hotels (Hilton sub-
sidiary) plan for the island, as
currently described, would
destroy the only mangrove estu-
ary on the entire Northwest
Great Bahama Bank.
"The lagoon serves as a fish
nursery for thousands of
square miles of sea bottom.
This area has supported com-
mercial and recreational fish-
ing for close to 100 years. It is
the unique geography of Bimi-

ni that makes this possible."
He said activities spawned by
the island's phenomenal aquat-
ic life are what brought people
to Bimini. "What happens when
the geography is no longer
there? No aquatic life, no
tourists," his letter says.
Mr Dettor urges Hilton to
resist further bulldozing, dredg-
ing and filling at Bimini Bay.
"How about telling Mr Capo
you don't want the Conrad
Hilton logo emblazoned across
the sludge and muck being left
in the wake of the heavy equip-
ment? 4
"How about assuming a lead-
ership position and look to the
Bimini Bay development as an
opportunity for Hilton to do
something positive for a tiny
but extremely popular island
He adds: "Scientists now say
that if absolutely no more exca-
vation is done, within ten years
it is possible a good portion of
the damage already visited on
what was once a protected area
can be reversed. If the man-
grove removal, dredging etc
continue, there will be no turn-
ing back."
Last week, The Tribune
reported a "tentative resolu-

Government must stop

out-of-control spending'

Chief Reporter

THE PLP must be more
responsible with the nation's
finances and stop "out-of-con-
trol spending", said FNM leader
Tommy Turnquest.
Mr Tumquest cited a recent
report by the Central Bank indi-
cating that the 2004/2005 gov-
ernment deficit stood at $165
million. He called the statistic
"At a time when the PLP is
boasting that the economy is
strong and that government rev-
enue is growing, it is absurd that
the PLP has been so irresponsi-
ble in managing the people's
"This is especially egregious
given that before winning the
government, the party heavily
criticised the FNM for what it
termed 'breaking the treasury',"
said Mr Turnquest.
According to the FNM
leader, the PLP's continuous
spending indicates a return to
"the days of old, when the PLP
recklessly ran up deficit after
"This is unsustainable and
can only lead to a troubling
future for the Bahamian econ-
omy and the Bahamian peo-
ple," said Mr Turnquest.
Unlike the FNM, the PLP has
failed to take advantage of
recent economic growth, he said.
"Rather than move toward a
balanced budget, particularly
on the recurrent account, the
PLP is continuing to maintain
high deficits. And in spite of the
amount of money being spent
there is little to show in the way
of improvements to the coun-
try's infrastructure," said Mr
He pointed out that the gov-
ernment has increased spend-
ing over the previous budget
year by almost 10 per cent,
while revenue has only grown
by four per cent.
"We are concerned at this
precarious position in which the
PLP has placed the country. As
fuel prices continue to rise, gen-
eral prices are likely to increase.
"Further, natural disasters
have significantly impacted the
US economy and as the
Bahamas' economy relies heav-
ily on American tourist dollars
it is likely that we will be
impacted negatively."
Mr Turnquest added that this
is happening at a time when the
threat of terrorism continues to
Bahamians, said Mr Turn-
quest, are hurting economically.
"Unemployment remains high,
underemployment abounds,
wages are stifled and the cost of
living is rising. A decline in the
Bahamian economy as a result
of reckless spending by the PLP
will be devastating for the peo-
ple of our nation," he warned.



tion" to a dispute between
islanders and Capo over access
to crown land and coastal areas.
International bodies have also
expressed disquiet over.destruc-
tion of local shark habitats.
Earlier this year, Mr Capo
agreed to build a high school
on Bimini and upgrade South
Bimini airport. Critics say this is
a means of quelling unrest over
the development.
In 2001, Mr Capo asked
Bahamians to show patience,
adding: "They should be light-
ing a candle for me."
He said with the US reces-
sion, and the Bahamas economy
on the slide, he deserved praise
rather than criticism for pushing
ahead with his multi-million

condo and hotel scheme.
After scaling down his origi-
nal proposals by about a half,
Mr Capo told The Tribune: "I
want them (Bahamians) to pray
for me. I want them to pray for
me every day so that I will be
successful. I want them to know
that I mean well. Bimini will be
pleased with the final result."
Originally, Mr Capo claimed
a Malaysian group was willing
to invest $200 million in the
scheme. Now the project has
been trimmed back to $75 mil-
But many islanders includ-
ing Mr Dettor still need con-
vincing that Bimini Bay will be
good for the island in the long

LLLLU Bayparl Building, Parliament Street
/ Tel: 322-8393/328-7157

LOT NO. 122 Crown Allotment LOT NO. 27 Section 21 Block 'D'
PROPERTY SIZE: Apartment Complex PROPERTY SIZE: Single Storey Residence
(9,000 sq. ft.) (10,446 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Bay St., Murphy Town LOCATION: Linday Drive
LOT NO. 65 Crown Allotment
PROPERTY SIZE: 10,000 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Front St., Murphy Town


LOT NO. 26 Block 9
PROPERTY SIZE: 12,100 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Montrose Way & Montrose Pl.
LOT NO. 29 Block 32
PROPERTY SIZE: 12,197 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Hampshire Dr.
LOT NO. 7 Block 26
PROPERTY SIZE: 18,750 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Oahu Ave. Section "B"
LOT NO. 138
PROPERTY SIZE: 15,650 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Bessemer Rd.
LOT NO. 10 Block 37 Section 9
PROPERTY SIZE: 19,500 sq. ft.
LOT NO. 11 Block 20
PROPERTY SIZE: 10,000 sq. ft.

LOT NO. 10 Block 7
PROPERTY SIZE: 11,000 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Montrose Ln.
LOT NO. 11 Block 1 Unit 1
PROPERTY SIZE: 13,800 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Ludford Dr.
LOT NO. 9 Block 50 Unit 2
PROPERTY SIZE: 8,000 sq. ft.
LOT NO. 1 Block 55
PROPERTY SIZE: Multi-family (10,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Spinney Rd.
LOT NO. 7 Block SN Unit 2
PROPERTY SIZE: Multi-Family (17,424 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Ellis Lightfoot Ave.



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The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348 ..

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The Public is hereby advised that I, BERNARD
LOUISSAINT, of Pinedale, off Wullf Rd., Bahamas, intend
to change my name to BERNARD CLAIREUS. If there
are any objections to this change of name by Deed Poll,
you may write such objections to the Chief Passport
Officer, P.O.Box N-742, Nassau, Bahamas no later than
thirty (30) days after the date of publication of this notice.



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election 'disaster'

EDITOR, The Tribune
I WRITE anonymously in
response, to some comments
made anonymously to Tribune
reporter Rupert Missick and
published in a front page story
last week..
First,. I resent the comment
that those FNMs who are
opposed to Hubert Ingraham
being our leader are "navel-gaz-
ing and being out of touch with_
lthe-desires-of the public which
got us voted out in 2002."
Those who think like that are so
blinded by their own Ingraham-
gazing that they cannot see any-
thing else.
Another anonymous source
says that Mr Turnquest should
have resigned when the party
lost in 2002. Mr Turnquest was
not responsible for the FNM's
defeat and whether the Ingra-
ham-gazers want to admit it or
not, it was Mr Ingraham who
was responsible for that disas-
ter .
Mr Ingraham made a tremen-
dous contribution to the devel-.
opment of the Bahamas after
25 years of PLP mismanage-
ment and nobody wants to take
that from him. But it was his
increasingly arrogant manner
and dictatorial ways that alien-'
ated tens of thousands of
Bahamians, including loyal
FNMs, in the last years of his
It was Hubert Ingraham who,
in spite of the views of his col-'
leagues in the party, thousands
of ordinary FNMs, church lead-
ers and others, insisted on trying
to ram down the throats of
Bahamians constitutional
changes they were not ready
'It w'as Mr Ingraham who'
:,aI.ogantly but prophletically.
proclaimed that "who wins the
referendum wins the election".
It was his referendum, not Mr
It was Hubert Ingraham who
alienated so many FNMs that
they could not in good con-
science vote for the party they
had supported since its incep-
tion. Many stayed home and
some were so angry they voted
Tommy Turnquest may have
contributed to that defeat only
inasmuch as he was seen to be
Mr Ingraham's'personal choice.
Even so Mr Ingraham did not
have the good grace to allow
Mr Turnquest to take over the
government before the election.
This is thesame Tommy Turn-
quest the Ingraham-gazers, are
now trying to destroy so under-

er-up for his discriminating
Another thing that irritates against FNMs who were cditn-
FNMs no end and referred to petent and qualified but were
by one of the anonymous Ingra- passed over while he doled oult
ham-gazers is the idea that patronage to his friends. He
Hubert Ingraham wanted "to went so far as to appoirn' a
break the back of the history of known PLP as a minister in the
political patronage". What a FNM government, a PLP who
cruel jokel- -" campaigned for Perry Christie
The FNM was never a party in the 1992 election, .;.
to the abuse of patronage. .There were other incidents
When Mr Ingraham joined us of perverse patronage that I am
he had just come from a party in reluctant to go into. But all
which abuse of patronage was FNMs know whereof I speak.
rampant for all the years he was If the Ingraham-gazers sue-
there, as was victimisation and ceed in foisting him on the
discrimination. That was a PLP FNM people will take us for a
thing, not an FNM thing, pack of nincompoops and thou-
If FNMs wanted to be a part sands more will stay away from
of that culturethey wouldn'they wouldn't the polls.
have resisted the PLP for 20
years and suffered because of FNM OLD TIMER
it. If it was patronage they were Nassau
after they could haye gone back... _October 2005 .

Ingraham would

be a mistake

EDITOR, The Tribune
ALAS, the FNM think
that Hubert Ingraham is their
only great hope to defeat the
PLP. It's do or die they think.
And so it will be.
It was Ingraham's vision
that caused the FNM's defeat
in 2002. Does anyone think
that Mr Ingrahan, has the
' chiarcteristic~s 6j,i, puppet?
Dbes anyone ifftheir righ'
minds believe that he can be
controlled after he ascends
to the throne? Fat chance.
He is a man who does
what he thinks fit whether
you voted him in or not. It's
either his way or no way. Just
ask his former Cabinet mem-
bers and MP's. Look to see
him resurface some of the
issues that brought the FNM
down: anti-Bahamian views
on land sales to foreigners,

abundance of expatriate;"
workers, homosexual rights,,,.
Not only is there a signifi-
cant faction of FNM's against,
Mr Ingraham's return, buVt
Mr Ingraham himself wanted
to put in place a leadership
succession mindset, not a
dynasty a la Pindling.
But that'siwhat theYFNMl
wants, a win at any cost.
Well, they, will get what they
'dese'r hecaus& should,
Hubert Ingraham' deliver, i t,
will be here we go again Pin-
dling-style rulership where
the party needs a particular ,
worn-down leader to win and,
therefore they will have to
bow to his wishes.
September 30 2005

EDITOR, The Tribune
THE negative social impli-
cations of fornication and
adultery, for our society, at
least to my mind, are far
more devastating than a few
consenting, skimpily clad
women, for a fee, perform-
ing lap dances in the private
environs of a club.
Yet Cedric Moss and his
crew would like for the full
weight of the state to be
brought down on those
entrepreneurs who operate
the premises where these lap
dances take place. They have
called on the state to with-
hold or otherwise cancel the
licences and permits that
operationally enable these
establishments as going con-
No mention was made of

the waitresses, waiters, bar-'-
tenders, barmaids, security..
officers, cashiers and other ,
support personnel who woul,4!
be displaced by such a cruel
act, should the state fall prey
to the hypocritical demands
of Cedric Moss and his right-
wing activists, who are
known to be very selective in <.
picking their fights. dA
The mission of these
activists, it seems, is to comrn-
pikcely erode the right of our"
itizens to make choices forfi
,emselves. Maybe similar A
efforts can be exerted iii
making the more destructive.'
forces of fornication and'!
adultery illegal and let the'-.
chips fall where they may.
October 1 2005


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is found


A WOMAN abducted in
broad daylight on Sunday was
,found unharmed by police ear-
ly yesterday morning.
Dearidre Demerritte was
attacked at Fort Fincastle on
Sunday around noon by an
armed man that was reportedly
known to her.
Police say that after
,approaching her, the man fired
shots in her direction and forced
her into a white Ford truck.
Shortly after lam yesterday,
officers tracked down the man
in the Windsor Park area.
He had reportedly switched
*vehicles and was driving a bur-
gundy Ford Explorer. The
woman was present at the time
-o6f arrest and retrieved safely.

Man dies

in traffic


on Abaco

The death of a 25-year-old
Abaco man yesterday raised the
number of traffic fatalities for
the year to 51.
According to police reports,
around 6.25am yesterday the
resident of Treasure Cay was
traveling north on the Great
Abaco Highway about five
miles south of Marsh Harbour
Airport, when he collided with
a tree.
The man was reportedly dri-
ving a 1999 white Ford van. He
lost control of his vehicle
according to police.

Car robbery

carried out

at gunpoint

A Hawkins Hill -man was
robbed of a 1995 black Nissan
Maxima in the Farrington Road
area on Sunday night.
According to police reports,
the victim was approached by
two men, one of whom was
armed. The men robbed him
of his vehicle and speed off.
The car was then reportedly
seen outside the Beach Hut Bar
and Grill which was also
robbed that night.
Police say two men, one
armed with a hand gun, entered
the establishment and demand-
ed money.
The men reportedly escaped
with an undetermined amount
of cash and personal effects
belonging to Beach Hut
The men then fled the scene
in the black Nissan Maxima.

Man arrested

after chase

A 40-year-old man was
arrested on Sunday in a drug
SIt was reported that around
9am, Drug Enforcement Unit
officers observed two men load-
ing bags into a Jeep in the
Arawak Cay area.
The officers reportedly
became suspicious when the
vehicle speed off, and decided
to give chase. The chase ended
when the jeep crashed into a
wall on West Bay Street.



THERE will be a special
branch meeting tonight for the

election of delegates for the
PLP national convention next
The meeting will be held at
7pm at the Gerald Cash prima-
ry school. Acting chairman
Michelle Burrows will chair the
meeting. Carmichael MP John
Carey will be in attendance.
All Carmichael constituents
are invited to attend.

l0 IdI l *u ir(l. I

* TRAFFIC was blocked up all day yesterday when the timing was off at traffic lights
(Photo: Felipd Major/Tribun

Nassau at standstil

after light failure

Tribune Staff Reporter
TRAFFIC was brought to a standstill
yesterday in the downtown area due to
malfunctioning traffic lights.
All along Shirley Street, motorists
were visibly frustrated by the crawling
traffic which was bumper-to-bumper
from before 9am and continued through-
out the day.
Several malfunctioning lights caused
confusion at intersections, which forced
traffic to back up in connecting roads
and lanes as well.
In an interview with The Tribune yes-
terday, Ministry of Works engineer
Robert Garraway explained malfunc-
tioning traffic signals can be caused by
power outages and old signalling equip-
"There were a few signals out this
weekend, more than likely due to fluc-

Roads clogged for hou

tuation in power. They normally go on
'flash' if there is some sort of fluctuation
in power to protect the traffic signal
equipment, which is difficult to replace,
especially in light of all the storm events
that are happening in the US."
Mr Garraway said that the ministry
received reports of malfunctioning traf-
fic lights yesterday on Kemp Road,
Wulff Road, Mackey Street, Bethel
Avenue and John F Kennedy Drive.
He said that traffic signal maintenance
contractors were given instructions and
went out to do the necessary repairs to
make them operational.
He-said the ministry is in the process
of replacing traffic signals on Collins

Avenue, Wulff Road and Kern
This process, he said, began in
and is expected to be complete
end of October.
"We do have a contractor o
who does daily monitoring
around and check the location
they have done that check for t
they would not necessarily pass
that same location.
"Malfunctions do happen thr
the day. We rely on the public a
our own personnel in the Mil
Works to inform the contrac
there is has been a malfunction
"That seems to work pretty
times," said Mr. Garraway.

Tribune Staff Reporter
A LOCAL pastor has urged
the Bahamas Christian Coun-
cil to find ways to take deci-
sive action and stop function-
ing on a merely "ceremonial"
Rev Melvin Grant, associ-
ate minister at Bethel Baptist
Church, is of the view that the
Christian Council lacks
"teeth" and is unable to make
its members fall in line with
its views and positions.
"Each member there is
autonomous, they (have their
own authority and own power.
That power is not delegated
to the Christian Council's
president, to where the presi-
dent can say, 'I speak for
everybody within the Christ-
ian community and this is the
way we feel.'
"Unless all leaders in the
Christian community come
together and put forward in
writing positions on any par-
ticular national interest and
then present that paper as a

Jury to visit

home of

victim in

murder case

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE jury in the case of murder-
accused Elkino Pritchard is sched-
uled to visit his home today, where
Michael Francis was shot to death
in 1999.
Tameka Tucker was the final wit-
ness called by the prosecution yes-
She reiterated the accounts of
two previous witnesses, who said
they saw the victim drive through
the corner and saw the accused run-
ning from the scene.
However, Ms Tucker said she
could not remember what she told
a magistrate during the preliminary
inquiry into the matter, and said
ne Staff) she did not remember her testimo-
ny being read over to her or signing
llher statement.
When asked by defence attorney
1 Murrio Ducille about the demeanor
of the deceased at the time she saw
him before his death, Ms Tucker
said he appeared "grumpy".
But she added that in her opin-
ion, Michael Francis always seemed
to have a grumpy demeanor.
Investigating officer Mitchell Fer-
guson was recalled to give testimo-
He was asked by Mr Ducille
whether or not any tests were run
on Pritchard to determine if there
lrs was gunpowder residue on him.
Mr Ferguson explained that the
shooting occurred at around noon,
and that the accused was arrested
around 9pm. He said after consult-
p Road. ing with superiors, it seemed like
August too much time had elapsed to con-
d by the duct a test.
Mr Ducille asked whether it was
n board possible for residue to still be on a
they go person's clothes long after a firearm
is. Once was used.
that day, The jury was then out of the
s back at courtroom while the judge held dis-
cussions with the lawyers.
oughout As the case progresses today,
as well as they are to visit Pritchard's home in
nistry of Shady Hollow Street off Hawkins
tor that Hill, where 26 year-old Michael
. Ferguson lost his life after suffering
well at four gunshot wounds to .the body.

KIU ER $30.000

body, then and only then will
there be some sign of effec-
tiveness about what the Chris-
tian view js." said Rev Grant.
He said that the council is an
effective voice on some social
issues and serves as a vehicle to
bring churches together.
However, he said, the coun-
cil's leaders need to bring
about a situation in which "the
Christian Council speaks and
government acts."
When The Tribune con-
tacted Bahamas Christian
Council president Rev
William Thompson yesterday,
he did not wish to make any
comment on Mr Grant's
Mr Grant said Christians
ought to be able to have their
views felt in society and
should influence any decision
made in the national interest
of the Bahamas.
"I feel that the church has a
very vital role in the politics of
the Bahamas. We are a Chris-
tian nation and our Christian-
ity oughttto reflect what goes
on in parliament," he said.

f "What will you do when they come for you"

Asset Protection & Loss Preventio-n
Policy and Procedure Development
Security Management Services
Business Security Audits and Reviews
Gamal Newry Consultant and Trainer
P. 0. Box N-3154, Nassau, The Bahamas Fax: (242) 341-7781
Phone: (242) 341-7781/(242)477-4621 Email: J


NOTICE is hereby given that JOHN CEREUS PIERRE, #27
Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that
any person who knows any reason why registration/ naturalization
should not be granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 11TH day of
OCTOBER, 2005 to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.

Christian council 'must

take decisive action'





_____________________LOCAL_ NEWS II 1

Wet weather continues

CHILDREN in the Seymour Street area in Yellow Elder had to play on a bed of sand
sitting in the middle of thick mud. There was more rain yesterday as the wet weather
(Photo: Mario Duncanson/ Tribune staff)

Book Club is extended to

College of the Bahamas

* By Bahamas Information Potcakes, was absent.
Services Education permanent secre-
tary Creswell Sturrup said it was
IN a effort to emphasise the most fitting to launch this seg-
importance of reading, the Min- ment of the Minister's Book
istry of Education has extended Club on World Teacher's Day,
the Minister of Education's as "it is the teacher who plays
Book Club initiative to Chapter the primary and essential role in
One Bookstore at the College the development of our read-
of the Bahamas. ing skills and through the life
On Wednesday, October 5, of the students encourages read-
three Bahamian authors intro- ing.
duced their books during a "We commend all those who
press conference at the newly provided the instruction and
established bookstore on delivered so well over the gen-
Thompson Boulevard, opposite erations and joined in their cel-
the college. ebrations," Mr Sturrup said.
The aso. n d.wt.. ..
World Tahe "ni tiative
observed glob'ay' o'lebrate
and honour the work of educa-
tors. In December 2003, Minister
The authors present for the of Education Alfred Sears
launching were Telcine Turn- launched the national reading
er-Rolle, who wrote Play Me, initiative designed to promote
a book for young persons, and sustained reading for learning
SL Sheppard, who wrote The and pleasure.
Green Shutters, a book for "We are encouraged by the
adults. Alice Bain, author of the persons who participate by
children's book Ninety-nine reading the listed books, by the

interest expressed by book sell-
ers, the animated public con-
versations surrounding the
selection and content of the
books and the ever presence of
those books almost everywhere
in book stores, handbags,
schools, houses and even cars,"
Mr Sturrup said.
In January 2004, Mr Sears
began selecting three Bahamian
books in the following cate-
gories children, youth and
The books, selected on a bi-
monthly basis, are available in
schools and public libraries. Par-
ents and the general public are
invited to purchase the litera-
At the launch, students from
Oakes Field primary school and
Government high school (GHS)
read and performed excerpts
from the selected books: Nine-
ty-nine Potcakes, a colourfully
illustrated book about the
native Bahamian dog; and Play
Me, a collection of three one-act


Parents of Children 2 4 years

Association Montessori International

(AMI) teacher led

Workshop in fully equipped room

(Limited Spaces)


N DAMIANOS is celebrating winning the Sotheby's franchise

Real estate firm wins

Sotheby's franchise

A LOCAL real estate com-
pany has been selected to
partner with the prestigious
Sotheby's International Real-
ty network of luxury real
Damianos Realty was cho-
sen above all other real estate
companies in the Bahamas to
be awarded the Sotheby's
International Realty master
All of the company's offices
will now be fully franchised
Sotheby's International Real-
ty brokerages and will trade
under the name Damianos
Sotheby's International Real-
"The integrity, recognition
and international reach of the
Sotheby's International Real-
ty brand are unparalleled.
Our connection to such a
strong and powerful real
estate network is a tremen-
dous benefit to our firm' and,
most'importantly, our clients,"
said Damianos Realty presi-
dent George Damianos.
Damianos Realty was
established in 1945 by
Nicholas G Damianos and
owns and operates Lyford
Cay Sales and Rentals, the
only real estate firm within
the gates of the Lyford Cay
community. This office is
now operating as Lyford
Cay Properties Sotheby's

International Realty.
Damianos vice president
Virginia Damianos-Premock
said: "A common misconcep-
tion is that Sotheby's Inter-
national Realty brokerages
only handle multi-million dol-
lar properties. However, the
mission of Sotheby's Interna-
tional Realty is to provide
unparalleled knowledge and
service to all clients, regard-
less of price range."
Director of international
services and operations for
Sotheby's International Real-
ty Kumar Patel said: "Dami-
anos Realty is an exceptional
real estate firm and we are
very pleased with our new
"Damianos Realty was
selected to represent the
Sotheby's International Real-
ty brand in the Bahamas. The
Damianos team has a proven
track record of success and is
exceedingly knowledgeable
and proficient in all aspects
of the market. I am confident
that their local expertise com-
bined with our global reach
will help ensure outstanding
results," said Kumar Patel,
Director of International Ser-
vices and Operations for
Sotheby's International Real-
Sotheby's International
Realty was founded in 1976

by the renowned Sotheby's"
Auction House, "to provide a
full complement of estate dis-',
position services to its distin-
guished clientele. The com-'.
pany set up its own full ser-
vice realty brokerages in key'
markets around the globe,'
and formed advertising 'affil-
iations' with brokerages in,
other markets," said the firm
in a statement. "In 2004,>-
Sotheby's International Real--'
ty decided to broaden its"i
reach by creating a luxury'
franchise system that would
be offered only to the most
pre-eminent firm in-each mar-
ket place."
"This expansion reflects our
commitment to provide lux-
ury real estate services in
many of the world's most
,beautiful locations," sai .
Michael R Good, president
and CEO of Sotheby's Inter-
national Realty Affiliates
"George Damianos leads
an elite group of real estate
professionals who are dedi-
cated to consummate knowl-
edge and excellent client ser-
vice. The properties listed by
these offices will be marketed'
to a worldwide audience. We''
look forward to helping con-'
nect the international clien-
tele of our Sotheby's Interna-
tional Realty affiliates with'
homes in the Bahamas."

In observance of Breast Cancer Awareness Month redeem this
voucher for 50% off the cost of a mammogram at Doctors Hospital*

Mammograms save lives, schedule yours today!
*Women who have not had a mammogram performed at Doctors Hospital.
*Women with a strong family history of breast cancer, i.e. mother, sister or grandmother.

Generally, little preparation is needed for a mammogram. You may be
told in advance to avoid certain foods or medication and will be asked not
to use any talc, deodorant or perfume as they may cloud the X-ray picture.



4 0 I L E 11\," I B R lJ,'l B.RI.T'I S


British High


pays a visit to



* JEREMY Cresswell, British
High Commissioner to the
Bahamas with residence in
Kingston, Jamaica, paid a
courtesy call on the Deputy
to the Governor General on
Friday, October 7 2005 at
Government House. Shown'
from left are Dr. Barbara
Munske, Mr. Cresswell,
Deputy to the Governor
General Paul Adderley and
Peter Young, Honorary
(BIS Photo: Tim Aylen)












makes a


to cancer


THE Sunny Isles Chapter of
the International Association
of Administrative Profession-
als' (IAAP) has decided to.
make a donation to the Cancer
Society of the Bahamas.
On Tuesday, September 13
at the Chapter's monthly meet-
ing at Graycliff restaurant, a
presentation was made to the
Cancer Society of the Bahamas
to assist the society in its future
Sunny Isles of IAAP hold its
monthly luncheon meeting at
Graycliff the second Tuesday
of the month, and invites office
professionals throughout the
Bahamas to attend and become




to Family


MINISTRY of Tourism is set
to expand its newest training
programme to the Family
The Sales, Marketing and
Royal Treatment (SMART)
training programme is to be
established in at least one Fam-
ily Island before the end of this
In order to prepare for the
expansion, SMART organisers
recently arranged a seminar for
instructors who will lead the
programme on Family Islands.
,Tourism director general
Vernice Walkine closed the
workshop for instructors at
SuperClubs Breezes. She is pic-
tured (centre seat) with
SMART organisers and instruc-

training in


M By Bahamas Information
THREE staff members of the
Bahamas National Geographic
Information Systems (BNGIS)
Centre have returned to New
Providence after completing an
intense seven-week training
course in ESRI Desktop Map-
ping Software.
The training was conducted
in a number of cities across the
United States, including St
Louis, Missouri; Gahanna,
Ohio; Orlando and West Palm
Beach, Florida; and San Anto-
nio, Texas.
SThe Environmental Science
'Research Institute (ESRI) was
founded in 1969 as a private
consulting firm that specialises
in land use analysis projects
with a focus on the principles
of organising and analysing geo-
graphic information.
The training is expected to
have a profound effect on the
future planning and-manage-
ment of the country, particu-
larly as relates to disaster man-
agement and planning, crime,
construction of additional
'infrastructure, bus routes, the
potential monitoring of disease
and coastal and inland flood-

Bahamas watching borders

for any cases of bird flu

THE Bahamas would be com-
pletely dependent on foreign assis-
tance if there was an outbreak of bird
The virus is a "serious concern"
for the Bahamas said public health
director Dr Baldwin Carey yester-
He admitted in an interview with
The Tribune the Bahamas has not
imported any medicine to treat the
virus, but assured the public it would
be available if an outbreak were to
It was recently reported that
Caribbean health experts have urged
governments to prepare for a possible
bird flu outbreak in case the disease
spreads from Asia to the Caribbean.
The warning came after health offi-
cials from 20 Caribbean countries,
the Pan American Health Organisa-
tion and the Caribbean Epidemiolo-
gy Center met to "check the state of
readiness" in the event of an out-
According to Dr Carey, the depart-
ment of public health is "very much
aware" of the concerns and has there-
fore been preparing to handle an out-
"We just came back from Wash-
ington were we participated in the
meeting of officials from the western

hemisphere and one of the topics was
this issue," he said. "The Bahamas
like most other countries is going
through the motions of handling
Dr Carey said that the ministry's
main concern is screening at the
country's many entry borders.
"We haven't strongly enforced this
because as of yet there is no sign that
the virus has spread outside of Asia,
but we are still preparing for the
chance that it will happen and that we
will be affected."
"If a smaller country were to have
a problem, the nearest larger coun-
tries that have medications stored
will release it to them to that country.
Discussions are on going world wide
as to how to handle a breakout if it
occurs, but we as a nation are plan-
ning and preparing for ourselves,"
Dr Carey said.
Avian influenza, also known as
bird flu, is a highly contagious virus
spread among domestic birds such as
It is believed to have spread to
humans through contact with infect-
ed birds.
The disease has led to consider-
able economic losses in affected
countries as the, mass killing of birds
is seen as the bestlsolhition.
To date,.':there have.bedn, nro
reports of any cases in the Caribbean.

* Certificate in Culin, y Arts or graduate from the
School of Hospitality and Tourism
Experience with working in a Hotel or Hospital
Computer literate
Good written and oral communication skills
Excellent customer service skills
The successful candidate should be able to:
* Prepare all hot and cold entrees
* Prepare food for special diets in conjunction with
the Dietitian
Bake cakes and pastries
Requisition food service supplies
Participate in sanitation of the kitchen
Manage inventory
Maintain food costs
Receive deliveries

Salary commensurate with qualifications and
Excellent Benefits.

PleseSubitresmeto:Th HmanReouresDeprten

CCopyrighted Material
Syndicated Content
Available from Commercial News Providers"

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If so, call us on 322-1986
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-- ~II. --





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Ryan Merriman. nanny to an uptight girl. n 'PG-13' (CC) her buddy's nuptials. C 'PG-13' (CC)



Tel: 9 6 6 3

325. .OOD
46 Madeira Street

'eiififed Menber

Let Chaliie the
B1akcmViiac PuLppet cnvcd
his sidekick Derek Pt
some- smnil es oV you4r^
Skids's facces.

Briing your ckildren to the.
McOHacppy Hol a1fMcDonald's in
Marlborough every Tkhursday
from 3:30pm to 4:30pm during the
monhk of October 2005.

Enjoy Great Food Prizes and Lots of Fun

i'm lovin' it




Atlantis chefs celebrate medal haul at awards

ATLANTIS' culinary team
cooked up a winning blend of
Bahamian recipes at the highly
competitive Bahamas Culinary
Classic and Wine and Food Fes-
The group of Atlantis chefs
won top honours at the festival,
which held from September 27
to October 1.
The chefs received several
awards including a silver medal
in the Mystery Basket competi-
tion, while competing with pro-
fessional chefs from 17 hotels and
institutions in the country.
The team included team cap-
tain Arvin Humes, executive chef
in food and beverage; Alpheus
Ramsey, head chef at Fathoms;
Clevin Rolle, head chef at Caf6
Martinique; Shane Darrell, head
chef at the Marketplace and
Romero Dorsette, a cook in Nobu.
The team's dishes pigeon pea
curried pastilles with a cilantro
aioli; lobster lollypop with
tamarind glaze and pineapple
kim chee and coconut and conch
ceviche with Andros lime and

* PIGEON pea curried pastilles
goat pepper, delighted the taste-
buds of food lovers attending the
celebrities choice reception at
Government House on Septem-
ber 29.
Other highlights included the
signature dish competition won
by Wayne Moncur, an executive
sous chef at Carmines. Moncur
won a gold medal for his vege-

tarian menu during the individual
The Bahamas Culinary Clas-
sic and Wine and Food Festival
was sponsored by the Ministry
of Tourism; Ministry of Agricul-
ture and Fisheries; Bahamas
Culinary Association and the
American Culinary Federation
along with other major sponsors.

Employee's act of loyalty

* CAROLYN Morris is pictured receiving her long-service award from the Bank of the Bahamas'
chairman Al Jarrett.

A BANK of the Bahamas
employee has shown her loyal-
ty to the compan by investing
her bonus in the company.
At a recent event to honour
seven 20-year employees, Car-
olyn Morris got the same pack-
age as the other long-term staff:
a Movado watch, a $500 travel
voucher and. a reward cheque
for $1,000.
"She was so excited," said
Bank of the Bahamas manag-
ing director Paul McWeeney,
"She turned around and handed
back the cheque and said, 'Will
you buy shares in the bank for
me with this?'"
"I decided to use my bonus to
invest in Bank of the Bahamas
because I've been part of this
great institution for 20 years and
I've seen it grow from strength
to strength," says Morris. "But
more than that, it's still a fami-
ly atmosphere and it's all about
the people."
The first time Carolyn Morris
hooked her hopes to the compa-
ny she was working for, she was a

teller at the old Bank of Montre-
al and her daughter had just been
born with a hole in her heart.
"Everyone gathered around
me like family. The company
gave me time off," she recalls.
Her daughter came through

surgery and treatment just fine.
And 20 years later, Morris, now
a treasury custodian with the
bank that took over from Bank
of Montreal, now Bank of the
Bahamas International, is as
loyal as ever.

* GOVERNOR General Dame Ivy Dumont speaks with Romero Dorsette of Atlantis' team
while admiring one of the group's dishes.



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FROM page one

While police records show
that more than 50 visitors
were raped between 2000-
2004, Mr Smith said that is a
really small percentage when
on4 considers that between
4.5'and five million people
visit the Bahamas annually.
",Of course one rape is one
too: many, but when you con-
sider how many people visit
the: country, five million peo-
ple: is a sizable community in
the United States, so that
number is low."
HIe noted that many of the
reports of rapes in the Times
art icle were "anecdotal."
They included reports of
women climbing into unli-
censed cabs and getting
raped by the drivers, tourists
raping other tourists and per-
som)al watercraft operators
taking girls to secluded
islands and assaulting them.
Mr Smith added that visi-
tors to the country needed
to be aware that they are in a
strange environment and to
ensure that their personal
conduct displayed some pre-
'cIt is just not wise to let
yoor guard down,"' he said.

Man charged

with murder

of his ex-wife
FROM page one
appeared before, Magistrate
Debbye Ferguson. Only
the victim's family was
allowed inside the court-
room for the arraignment.
It is alleged that the
accused, by means of
unlawful harm, intention-
ally caused the death of Ms
Tlompson on October 13
at Eight Mile Rock, Grand
According to reports,
Thompson's body was
fofmnd hanging from the
rafters in the bathroom at
her home around 6pm last
Tuesday. A yellow nylon
rope was tied around her
Before the charge was
read to Zephir, Magistrate
Ferguson questioned him
about an injury to his left
eye and made note of it.
LHI told the magistrate that
he: had been injured recent-
Prosecutor Walter Hen-
derson told the court that
the accused had received
the injury prior to his
Zephir was not required
toi enter a plea to the
charge of murder.
A preliminary inquiry is
set for February 2, 2006, to
determine whether there is
sufficient evidence against
him to stand trial for mur-
der in the Supreme Court,



FROM page one

opposition leader when the
House reconvenes on Octo-
ber 19. This statement came
after he and Mr Ingraham
held a private meeting over
the weekend.
Although particulars of
their conversation were
kept confidential, Mr Turn-
quest confirmed that he
spbke witli Mr Ingraham on
Former FNM deputy
prime minister Frank Wat-
son confirmed that another
meeting is planned between
Mr Turnquest and Mr
Ingraham today.
Brent Symonette, FNM

MP for Montagu and leader
of business for the opposi-
tion in the House, said he
w~ls not at the meeting with
Mr Turnquest and Mr
Ingrahamn over the week-
elid, and as such could not
cO mment on what tran-
*He also said lie was
unaware of any future meet-
ings between the two in the
near future.
Calls to Mr Smith, MP for
North Eleuthera and cur-
rent leader of the opposi-
tion in the House, were not
returned up to press time

FNM treasurer: the country

needs return of Ingraham

Chief Reporter
THE FNM and the country
needs the return of former
Prime Minister Hubert Ingra-
ham, party treasurer and for-
mer Senator Darren Cash said
He said he is not, and had
never been, part of any move-
ment to draft Mr Ingraham
back into the leadership.
But, as a loyal FNM with an
abiding love for his country "we
must accept the reality that it
is time for new leadership."
He said: "To even the most
casual observer it seems clear

Former Senator Darren Cash: we must accept

the reality that it's time for new leadership

that the country is headed down
the wrong track that is, when
it is moving at all.
"The current administration
has been an abject failure, and
in growing numbers Bahamians
are openly expressing their dis-
content," said Mr Cash..
By wide margins, he said,
Bahamians are telling the party

Viktor Kozeny

appears in court

FROM page one

His lawyer Philip Davis told the court that he thought this was
"one of the plainest cases in which bail ought to be granted."
Mr Davis said despite the fact that prosecutor Francis Cum-
berbatch presented several of Kozeny's passports to the court -
all seized by US agents during his arrest last week none of
them was valid.
He explained that the Irish passports were simply being
renewed each year because his client travelled so often that
the books were stamped out,
The only passport which was valid, he said, was sent to the
Czech Republic when Kozeny was attempting to obtain a visa
from his birth country.
However, Czech officials seized that passport, and he has not
received it since.
Kozeny told Magistrate Bethel that he had sent the pass-
port there because he was attempting to offer himself in the 2004
European Union elections and represent his people.
Mrs Bethel asked if he was going to run in the Czech Repub-
lic although he renounced citizenship there in order to obtain
Irish citizenship. He replied: "Yes".
He told the court that he had been cooperating fully with the
United States attorneys even before his arrest.
Mr Davis said that, in fact, the allegations came upon Kozeny
after he had offered information to the US authorities.
- Kozeny, he said, had'handed over his documents while atthe
US Embassy during a special meeting, where he claimed Kozeny
"gave them information on which allegations are now' upon
Mr Davis said the case came upon his client during a civil case
which was going on in London, in which lawyer Brian Moree was
representing the interests of Kozeny.
In terms of the Venezuelan passport, Mr Davis said it is no
longer valid. He also stated that even if Kozeny were to flee to
Venezuela, there is still a possibility that he would be extradit-
ed, because Section 8 of their Extradition Treaty with the US
states that extradition could be warranted "upon discretion".
Describing his client as generous, Mr Davis said Kozeny
contributes to St Paul's Catholic Church, the Lyford Cay School,
Exuma National Park, and the Lyford Cay Foundation.
He said Kozeny had not travelled outside of the Bahamas for
four years, and that his client has "always said" that he would
stay in the Bahamas and face the courts, fighting his extradition.
Apart from his generosity, Mrs Bethel said she wanted to
know specifically what ties Kozeny had with the Bahamas.
Mr Davis said Kozeny is in charge of his mother's business,
and his mother owns property in the country. He also owns an
interest in a company on Whale Cay in the Berry Islands.
While vague about the kind of work Kozeny does, Mr Davis
said his client is an "entrepreneur".
He also pointed out that the extradition request is eight
years old, that his client knew that the charges were imminent,
and that he never tried to flee the Bahamas under those cir-
Mr Cumberbatch is set to answer those arguments, on Thurs-

that they believe it needs a new
leader and that they will not
support the FNM unless it has
"We must decide if we will
be responsive to these admoni-
tions. I believe we must. They
are looking for strong, decisive
national leadership. For all his
charm, eloquence and dance
moves, they don't see it in
Prime Minister Perry Christie.
"Most regrettably; they do
not see it in Tommy Turnquest,
the present leader of the Free
National Movement. Therein
rests the problem for my par-
ty," he said.
Mr Cash said those who
wished to characterise this as a
plot being hatched by
Mr Ingraham were dead
"It is no such thing. At this
juncture he has every right to
step further into the back-
ground and wash his hands of
the matter. This would be the
easy thing to do.

"In fact, I firmly believe that
Hubert Ingraham does not want
to return and has no desire to
return,'" he added.
However, the country found
itself in an unfortunate position
and his services were required
in the national interest.
While he said that Mr Ingra-
ham was not the only option for
leadership of the FNM, he was
the best option.


"We in the leadership of the
party would be deluding our-
selves if we pretended that this
were not true. Indeed, Hubert
Ingraham is not the only per-
son who can lead the FNM -
there are others with ability,"
he said.
These concerns about the
party's leadership were not new,
he said. Not long after the
national convention of 2003,
many of those in the leadership
began to be besieged by con-

cerns about where the FNM
was headed.
"When in polite company
people would speak euphemisti-
cally about the leadership ques-
tion. Privately they would be
very explicit in. expressing
doubts about Tommy Turn-
quest's ability to gain sufficient
public confidence and support
tocarry the FNM to victory in a
general election.
"The vast majority of us who
voted for and supported Mr
Turnquest wanted to give him a
fair opportunity to prove him-
self. We knew that as leader he
had to inspire and motivate oth-
ers based on the strength of his
vision. We ,believed that given
time he would be able to do
this, and at the right time we
would evaluate his perfor-
mance. This is now the time to
do so. "Unfortunately, many
people do not believe he has
succeeded in proving his. lead-
ership abilities during that peri-
od of testing," said Mr Cash.

Janice Weech Dellarece Worrell
(242)'427-4841 (242)424-4276

At your convenience, we'll visit you and tailor an
affordable home ownership solution that meets
your unique needs.

Call one:of us today
for expert home
financing advice.'

a k'0
. ^SBffiH^ n

*Tademarks of The Bank of Nova Scotia. Trademarks used under Ikeme and control of The Bank of Nova Scotia.
The Homo Financing Specialst service is only available In New Provdence.

I I-- I I 1. d I ...-

0 *. u r*

0 00 0is..00 a0 0 0 .. 0 .
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Gloriann Brathwaite Lillian Moss
(242) 424-4237 (242) 424-4273








The Tribune







a g al~jH~f


Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall Street

Marinas not

deep enough

for top yachts

Tribune Business Editor
A Bahamian
engineer has
warned the
behind the
controversial $175 million
Great Guana Cay project to
reconsider the planned mini-
mum eight-foot depth for their
marina and channel connect-
ing it to the ocean, as this will
make it unable to accommo-
date the larger luxury yachts
and boats rolling off industry
production lines.
At a Bahamas Society of
Engineers (BSE) luncheon, Jim
Mosko of Bahamas Marine
replied to a Discovery Land
Company executive's revela-
tion of the eight-foot minimum

depth by saying that neither
the Baker's Bay Golf & Ocean
Club's marina, nor most similar
facilities in the Bahamas, would
be able to accommodate the
super-sized luxury yachts that
appeared to be the industry's
Referring to one of these
super-sized yachts, Octopussy,
which had recently been cruis-
.ing in Bahamian waters, Mr
Mosko suggested a minimum
depth of at least 16 feet would
be needed.
He added: "There's no mari-
na that can house this size of
boat apart from Prince
George's Dock and Freeport
In response, Dr Livingstone
Marshall, senior vice-president
of community and environ-
mental affairs for the Baker's

Accountants seek

$ 300k IDB grant

Tribune Business Editor
THE Bahamas Institute of Chartered Accountants (BICA) is
seeking a $300,000 grant from the Inter American Development
Bank (IDB) to help implement International Financial reporting
Standards (IFRS) throughout the Bahamas.
Kendrick Christie, the Institute's president, told a BICA sem-
inar that the grant was most likely to come from the IDB's Mul-
tilateral Investment Fund (MIF). It would be used to help imple-
ment IFRS in the Bahamas, and eliminate some "inconsistencies"

SEE page 5B

Engineers fminalise

position paper on

expatriate adverts

Bay development, said the
developer was still working
through the "final details"
regarding the marina and chan-
nel, indicating Mr Mosko's
comments would be consid-
Although slimmed down
from its envisaged 240-slips, as
a concession to the develop-
ment's opponents such as the
Save Guana Cay Reef Associ-
ation, the Baker's Bay marina
will still have 184-185 slips, and

SEE page 3B

Tribune Business Editor
COLINA Holdings
(Bahamas), the BISX-listed
parent of Colinalmperial Insur-
ance Company, is seeking to
raise $20 million through a pri-
vate placement of preference
shares to help finance the
Imperial Life acquisition, The
Tribune can reveal.
The Tribune understands
that the investment prospectus
has already been circulated to
targeted institutional investors
and high net worth individu-

als, but it is a private not pub-
lic -offering.
This means that the Colina
Holdings preference shares are
not being offered for sale to
the general public, and no one
should attempt to subscribe for
them. The issue is being tar-
geted at selected institutional
and high net worth investors
who are being approached pri-
Colina Holdings had always
intended to finance its $19.929
million purchase of Imperial
Life through a preference share
issue, which is a form of debt

financing., Investors who buy
into a preference share issue
receive a periodic interest pay-
ment in return for their capital
investment until a specified
maturity date, at which the
shares are redeemed and they
receive their capital back.
The preference share offer-
ing would likely have come out
sooner, given that the Imperial
Life deal was concluded in Jan-
uary 2005, but for the share-
holder dispute that ousted Jim-

SEE page 3B

Chamber 'baffled' by

Consumer Bill brush off

Tribune Business Editor
THE Bahamas Chamber of Commerce
yesterday said it was "baffled" that the
Government had ignored the 87 recomdi
mendations it had made for improving.
the Consumer Protection' Bill, instead
forwarding the proposed legislation for
debate in the House of Assembly last
In a statement, the Bahamas Cham-
ber of Commerce said it was "disap-
pointed" that the Bill had gone to Par-
liament, after its Legislation Committee
and other private sector partners had for-
mally presented its 87 recommendations
and other "general points" to Leslie
Miller, the minister of trade and industry,
in August 2004.
The Chamber said: "This is in keep-
ing with the Chamber's mandate of rep-
resentation of the private sector and its

Government ignored 87 recommendations

responsibility to present for Govern-
ment'f consideration our assessment.of
the impact of proposed legislation on the
business and wider community, with rec-
"To date, we have not had the courtesy
of a reply and we are disappointed to
learn that the proposed Bill has pro-
ceeded to the House of Assembly for
debate without consideration by Gov-
ernment of the Chamber's extensive
"Even though it is a classified NGO,
the Bahamas Chamber of Commerce was
originally founded by the Government
of the Bahamas to assist in matters such


SEE page 5B

Tribune Business Editor
THE Bahamas Society of
Engineers (BSE) was finalis-
ing over the weekend a posi-
tion paper that it will present to
the Ministry of Works on how
engineering jobs in the
Bahamas should be advertised
The move comes after con-
troversy was sparked when the

Government placed an adver-
tisement in the Jamaican press
and other regional media seek-
ing Caribbean nationals to fill
17 engineering posts and eight
surveying jobs in the Bahamas.
Cyprian Gibson, the BSE's
president, told a Society lun-
cheon last week on the posi-
tion paper: "We want to deal

SEE page 5B


Tel: (242) 356-7764

Tel: (242) 351-3010


-- I

I I - I r i -- ---- 111 3 L~sr I II

; - I I----- -----~~'


ao. is 2O



Act now in

order to plan

for your retirement

The Social Securi-
ty Reform Com-
mission set up by
the Government
to make recom-
mendations regarding the
reform of the Bahamas'
National Insurance scheme
has apparently submitted a
final report to the Govern-
ment. While the contents of
the report are unknown, it is
generally believed the recom-
mendation would involve:

a) An increase in the bfficial
retirement age
b) An increase in the insur-
able wage ceiling (currently
$400 per week)
c) An increase in the amount
of required National Insurance

contributions before one
becomes eligible for a pension.

Notwithstanding the above,
we have always maintained
that National Insurance was
never intended to be a Nation-
al Pension Plan, but rather to
provide supplemental retire-
ment assistance.
The fact of the matter is
that, because of advances in
healthcare and health thera-
pies, people are living longer.
Some studies clearly show that
retirees are the fastest growing
segment of the population in
most developed countries.
Further, some studies also
now suggest that the average
retiree could end up spending
as much as one third of his/her

life in retirement.
It is interesting to note that
some persons routinely spend
months planning for their next
vacation... but these same
persons have no plan whatso-
ever for retirement. Most peo-
ple that we come into contact
with are of the perception that
once they retire, they can
enjoy life and do the things
they always wished they could
do. The reality is that without
proper retirement planning,
the vast majority of our popu-
lation is actually facing the
prospect of a drastic decline
in their standard of living in
their golden years.

How much do you need in

The old rule of thumb used
to be that you need 60 per
cent to 80 per cent of your
pre-retirement income to
maintain your current lifestyle
in retirement. This assumed
that you had no mortgage;
your children were educated
and not living at home; and
you have relatively little con-
sumer debt.
Newer studies now suggest
that 60 per cent- to 80 per cent
is simply not enough and that
a more realistic number is 80
per cent to 110 per cent. Wow!
How can it be more?
The rationale is: in retire-
ment, medical expenses and
certain capital expenses must
be factored in. Let's assume
that you will live another 25
years after you retire. If you
own your own house, you will
have periodic repairs to con-
tend with a new roof, refur-
bishment of the plumbing or
electric wiring. These are in
addition to annual expenses
such as utility bills, real prop-
erty tax, insurance and the
like. If you own a vehicle, how
long will that last you? The
lifespan of an average car
today is less than 10 years. So
obviously, you would need to

consider one or more vehicle
replacements during retire-
In retirement, some health
insurers will automatically
drop coverage once you reach
a certain age. For most per-
sons, healthcare becomes a
more significant burden as we
age, and it is one that many
have to fund out of their avail-
able resources if they wish to
maintain the quality of health-
care they enjoyed while work-

The need to plan and save

Barron's (a weekly business
journal) carried a poll earlier
this year that showed that 26
per cent of all Americans had
not saved a single penny dur-
ing 2004. It further indicated
that the proportion of non-
savers rose to 52 per cent for
those making under $30,000
per year. The per capita
income in the Bahamas is
about $16,500 per annum. We
have no way of knowing what
a comparable number would
be for the Bahamas (those
with zero savings), but if we
had to guess it would probably
be north of 85 per cent.
There is still a large num-
ber of working Bahamians
who will enter retirement
without any real net assets
that can be liquidated to fund
Just as we have a fairly rea-
sonable ratio of workers to

retirees today, in the not too
distant future it will change
(according to actuaries at the
National Insurance Board).
Therefore, Bahamians need
to start saving more for retire-


Our conclusion is twofold:
1. Bahamians are generally
unperturbed about how they
will finance their retirement
We are too pre-occupied with
instant gratification and not
at all focused on our long-term
welfare. Bahamians need to
accept greater personal
responsibility for retirement

2. The need for pension leg-
islation in this country is com-
pelling, yet nothing is seem-
ingly being done. We are
astounded as to why this is the

case. Most countries in the
hemisphere have recognised
the importance of having in
place a clear regulatory frame-
work and an appropriate
supervisory authority. Is this a
case of someone having the
courage to tell the Emperor
that he has no clothes on?
In recent times, citizens
have finally learnt to take very
seriously the warnings of
Meteorologists when they
announce that a hurricane is
travelling... yet everyday our
population is ageing and draft
pension legislation remains
buried on somebody's desk.
Until next week...

NB: Larry R. Gibson, a
Chartered Financial Analyst,
is vice-president pensions,
Colonial Pensions Services
(Bahamas), a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Colonial Group
International, which owns
Atlantic Medical Insurance
Ltd and is a major sharehold-
er of Security & General
Insurance Company in the
The views expressed are
those of the author and do not
necessarily represent those of
Colonial Group International
or any of its subsidiary and/or
affiliated companies. Please
direct any questions or com-
ments to rlgibson@atlantic-

Call one of our Consumer Finance Specialists

for the land loan to make it possible.



Caribbean Pride. International Strength. Your Financial Partner.

FirstCaribbean ntemational Bank isa n Associated Company of Barclays Bank PLC and CIBC


We regret to inform our valuable clients that two
of our telephone lines are temporarily out of order.

BaTelCo assures us that this matter
will be resolved urgently.

In the interim please use the following
telephone numbers:
or visit us at

We appreciate your patience.

The Know How Team"

y Island Traders Building, East Bay Street

S SFiIIa inancial Advisors Ltd.
Pricing Information As Of:

S2wk-Hl S2wk-Low Symbol Previous Close Today's Close Change Daily Vol EPS $ Div $ PIE Yieid
1.10 0.73 Abaco Markets 0.73 0.73 0.00 -0.207 0.000 N/IM .00%
10.00 8.00 Bahamas Property Fund 10,00 10.00 0.00 1.456 0.340 6.9 3.40%
7.24 5.55 Bank of Bahamas 7.24 7.24 0.00 0.587 0.330 12.3 4.568%
0.85 0.70 Benchmark 0.80 0.80 0.00 0, 204 0.010 3.9 1.25%
1.80 1.40 Bahamas Waste 1.40A 1.40 0.00 0112 0.060 12.5 4.29%
1.15 0.87 Fidelity Bank 1.10 1.10 0.00 0.066 0.030 16.7 2.73%
. 25 6.94 Cable Bahamas 9.25 9.25 0.00 1,000 0.618 0.240 15.0 2.59%
2.20 1.53 Colina Holdings 1.53 .53 0.00 -0.046 0.000 NM 0.00%
9.10 7.05 Commonwealth Bank 9.10 9.10 0.00 0.705 0.410 12.9 4.51'
2.50 0.67 Doctor's Hospital 2.40 2.40 0.00 0.429 0.000 5.6 0.00%
4.20 3.85 Famguard 4.20 4.20 0.00 0.428 0.240 8.8 5.71%
10.70 9.50 Finco 10.70 10.70 0.00 0.695 0.510 15.4 4.77%
9.50 7.25 FirstCaribbean 9.50 9.50 0.00 820 0.695 0.380 13.7 4.00%
9.24 8.40 Focol 9.24 9.24 0.00 0.675 0.500 13.7 5.41%
1.99 1.27 Freeport Concrete 1.15 1.15 0.00 0.022 0.000 52.3 0.00%
10.20 9.50 ICD Utilities 9.94 9 94 0.00 0.526 0.405 18.9 4.07%
8.65 8.20 J. S. Johnson 8.65 8.65 0.00 0.526 0.560 16.4 6.47%
.69 4.36 Kerzner International BDRs 5.43 5.38 -0.05 0.122 0.000 44.5 0.00%.
10.00 10.00 Premier Real Estate 10.00 10.00 0.00 2.036 0.760 4.9 7.60%
52wk-HI 62wlk-Low Symbol Bid $ Ask S Last Price Veekly Vo EPS $ Div $ PIE Yield
13.00 12.50 Bahamas Supermarkets 12.25 13.25 11.00 1.488 0.960 9.1 7.25%
0.14 10.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%

28.00ABDAB 41.00 43.00 41.00 2.220 0.000 19.4 0.00%
Q.OO 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 12.33 13.33 12.50 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
-60 0.35 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.35 -0.103 0.000 NIM 0.009
E2wk-Hi 62wk-Low Fund Name NAV "YTD% ast 12 Month Dilv $ Yield %
1.2543 1 1855 Colina Money Market Fund 1,254348&
4403 2.0311 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.4403 -*
10.6103 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.6103"**.
2.2560 2.1491 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 2.255981 *
1.1347 1.0631 Colina Bond Fund 1.134722* 0..

IBISX ALL SHARE INDEX- 19 Dec 02 = 1.000.00 YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price
52wk-HI Highest closing price In last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Colina and Fidelity
52wk-Low Lowest dosing price in last 52 weeks Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidelity
Previou Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for daily volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Change Change In closing price from day to day EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
Dlly Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV $ Dividends per share paid in the last 12 months NIM Not Meaningful
PIE Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1. 1994 = 100
" AS AT AUG. 31, 200W -** AS AT AUG 31, 2005
* AS AT SEPT. 16. 200E/ AS AT SEP. 30, 2005/*** AS AT SEP. 30, 2005 .._ .... ...B a
............ o.4__ .IIM MI Iv4m

The successful candidate will have 5 7 years
experience in the accounting/auditing fields. CPA
required. Responsibilities include verification of
fund portfolios and Net Asset Value Calculations,
liaison with administrators and related parties,
management of cash and custody portfolios and
liaison with offices in multiple jurisdictions.

The successful candidate will have 3 5 years
experience in the accounting/auditing fields.
Responsibilities including consolidation of accounts
and liaison with audit firms and institutional and
regulatory bodies.

The successful candidate will be responsible for
ensuring management of agent trails which include
the calculation and payment of trails and
commissions per the contracts with these parties
Maintain and update the contracts with agents and
communicate with both individual and institutional
agents in multiple jurisdictions. Some supervisory
responsibilities will also be required.

Please send resumes via fax: 242-326-3839,


or Post Office Box CB-12809

A eain IvetmntMaagr=see in

... > i -11ouNi"


i i I. I I ILsI il.

I~p g .S

DHL will this week launch an ini-
tiative that aims to provide a 'one-
stop solution' for Bahamian cus-
tomers to send or import shipments
of any value and size, using just one
currency, invoice and company.
Romell Knowles, DHL's country
manager for the Bahamas and Turks
& Caicos, said of the company's
Import Express product in a state-
ment: "Import Express, or IMP, is a
global product which is a direct ben-

efit to clients that need to ship from
international vendors.
"With Import Express, shipments
will be received in 48 hours, and with
this product being an all-inclusive
you also eliminate the task of cus-
tom clearance. Clients have complete
visibility of their shipments once col-
lected by DHL through our track-

ing and tracing service, via our web
site or through our customer service
personnel. Import Express is also
completely affordable."
DHL said Import Express was
designed as an all-inclusive shipping
service. Its introduction was driven
by the high demand for imports in
the Bahamian market, and the
requirement for a more efficient sys-
tem to handle goods.
In its statement, the company

pointed out that many shipping com-
panies were unable to handle work
entirely in their own networks, forc-
ing them to hire third parties. Multi-
ple paperwork and goods being
delayed at customs often resulted.
Instead, DHL said Import Express
said customers would' be able to
move goods from anywhere in the

world, or from one destination to
another, outside the Bahamas, and
pay for delivery in this country using
one invoice and one currency.
DHL Bahamas will dedicate one
representative to Import Express to
handle shipments from start to finish.
The company will be the exclusive
partner for each import shipment,
and will be in charge the whole way
- from pick-up to delivery for one
pre-paid transportation charge.

Colina aims to raise

$20m via offering

FROM page 1B
my Campbell, Colina Insurance
Company's president, and the
negative publicity surrounding
the company's heavily quali-
fied 2004 financial statements.
In those statements, the audi-
tors, PricewaterhouseCoopers
(Pwc), said they were "not able
to satisfy" themselves that all
related-party transactions,
totalling some $4.431 million
in fiscal 2004, had been prop-
erly disclosed and accounted
The auditors said Colina
Holdings "does not have ade-
quate procedures in place to
ensure that such arrangements
and transactions are identified
and reported to the Board of
Directors on a periodic basis".
This has led some capital
markets analysts to speculate
that Colina Holdings may have

trouble in placing the prefer-
ence share issue and raise the
required capital, given the
uncertainty this may have
placed in the minds of prospec-
tive investors.
However, others have told
The Tribune that the compa-
ny's financial performance this
fiscal year is on an improving
trend, and the fruits from an
aggressive cleaning up of its
balance sheet, plus issues aris-
ing from its acquisition spree,
which also included Canada
Life, are beginning to show
When that happens, due to
its size, Colina Holdings and
its Colinalmperial subsidiary
should start to generate cost
savings and economies of scale,
generating increased profits

and shareholder value:
Anthony Ferguson, a Colina
Financial Advisors principal,
did not return The Tribune's
call seeking comment.
Capital raised by the prefer-
ence share issue will be used
to replace the financing Colina
initially employed to finance
the Imperial Life deal, a
method that is being scrutinised
by KPMG, which is conduct-
ing a review of the company
for the Bahamian financial ser-
vices regulators.
Colinalmperial sold just over
$17 million in government
bonds it held on behalf of pol-
icyholders as collateral to a
commercial bank, thought to
be Bank of the Bahamas Inter-
national, in return for it pro-
viding a bridging loan on the
Imperial Life deal. Those
bonds have since been bought


The American Embassy
is presently considering applications for the following position

This position reports directly to the Supervisory General Services Officer and is
responsible for managing, coordinating, planning and scheduling all maintenance
repairs for the Chancery, residences and government owned, buildings. The
incumbent is directly responsible for the supervision of a multi-trade technical
work force performing preventive maintenance and repair task including: Electrical
Power Distribution System, Emergency Power Generation System, HVAC System,
Water Distribution System, Fire Alarm System and Associated Equipment.

Prepares engineering plans, designs, drawings, specifications, bills of materials
and cost estimates for construction, alterations, and maintenance and repairs
projects of Embassy and/or associated agency buildings, facilities and equipment,
as directed. Analyzes scope of work for technical accuracy, provide technical
advice concerning the purchase of any machinery and equipment required by post
assuring quality purchases, while reducing the cost of maintenance programs. Use
construction and engineering knowledge to monitor and inspect conditions of
government owned or leased buildings and contract work in progress.

Prepares performances evaluation reports and recommends training and disciplinary
actions, as needed, for the FSN employees force within the facilities maintenance

This position is open to candidates with the following requirements:
* Completion of a BS or equivalent degree in Engineering is required.
* Excellent command of the English language, both written and oral.

* Excellent managerial, supervisory and training skills
* Highly confidential in nature
* General knowledge of building maintenance operations and terminology
* Must be able to prepare engineering drawings using CAD software and ability
to draft construction plans and specifications
* Must have a solid background in electrical, mechanical, or structural engineering
or technical knowledge in other engineering field is essential, i.e. interfacing
with mechanical and plumbing, HVAC system
* ability to prioritize tasks


The successful candidate will be offered an excellent compensation package
including outstanding benefits such as performance-based incentives, medical and
dental insurance, life insurance, pension and opportunities for training and

Applicants must be Bahamian citizens or U.S. citizens who are eligible for
employment under Bahamian laws and regulations.

Application forms are available from 8:00am to 5:30pm, Monday through
Friday at the security area of the American Embassy, Queen Street, completed
applications should be returned to the Embassy: Attention of the Human
Resources Office no later than Friday, October 21, 2005.

Vacant Position Of

Security Screener

The Airport Authority is seeking to recruit suitably qualified persons
for the position of Security Screener. The Screener will be required to
perform security screening of property, ( and passenger when required)
including the operation of x-ray machines to identify dangerous objects
in baggage and cargo.

The job operates on a shift system and persons will be required to
work on Saturdays and Sundays as per their work schedule. During
the course of employment screeners will be subject to specialized
training recurrent and recertification training and random drug testing.

Position holders are required to possess a minimum of two BGCSE
passes at grade "C" or above one of which must be in English Language
and must also possess the following attributes:

English proficiency (reading, writing, speaking, listening)
Mental abilities (visual observation, color perception, x-ray
Personal characteristics (reliable, integrity)
Physical abilities (repeatedly lifting and carrying baggage
weighing at least 70 lbs, bending, reaching, stopping squatting)

Applicants who do not meet the academic requirement but have a basic
high school education and experience and training in aviation security
and passenger screening will also be considered.

The starting salary for the position is $16,800 per annum.

Interested persons who met the criteria must submit a Resume, three
letter of reference and proof of qualification no later than Friday 21st
October 2005 to the:

Manager, Human Resources
Airport Authority
Nassau International Airport
P.O. Box AP-59222
Nassau, Bahamas





'Gold medalli


financial services

WENDY Warren, the
Bahamas Financial Services
Board's (BFSB) chief execu-

tive and executive director, was
described by theg Minister of
Financial Services and Invest-


Int'l co. in Ft. Lauderdale seeking qualified distributor, no
franchise fees, no inventory requirements. Complete training
and marketing support. Since 1967 we distribute, the most
advanced products for the home and office. Sales are outstanding.
No other products can compare to our quality and pricing. These
are exclusive products not found in stores. The market for air
& water filtration is "hot" everyone needs them. Simple to
install, easy to maintain (8 models) our filters. Our filters
effectively reduce and remove bacteria and chemicals from tap
water. Less expensive than.bottle water, or home delivery. For
those with asthma and allergies our 9 stage air purification
systems (6 models) removes mold spores, odors, bacteria's,
dust, smoke and more. For more details, or
call Joseph Di Ciacco 1-954-969-4407;

Club Director
Candidate should have:
four to five years experience
experience in development of Golf Courses
experience in high-end members/private club management
willing to relocate to Abaco
Asst. Construction & Property Development Manager
Candidate should have:

* three to four years experience
* willing to relocate to Abaco

* manage up to 30 employees

Please send resumes to:
Attn. of Human Resources
P.O. Box AB-2057
Marsh Harbour, Abaco

ments as "a gold medal
Olympian in financial services"
as she was presented with the
Minister's Award at the BFS-
B's Industry Excellence
Awards Banquet.
Describing Ms Warren as
someone who "eats, sleeps and
drinks financial services", "a
role model" and being at the
"pinnacle of financial services",
Allyson Maynard-Gibson said
in presenting her with the
award: "We have a wealth of
talent in the sector, but by any
standard our recipient tonight
is a gold medal Olympian in
financial services."
Other winners were Paul
Winder, Ansbacher (Bahamas)
international business devel-
opment manager, who took the
Executive of the Year award.
The other nominee in this cat-
egory was Heather Bellot, But-

terfield Fund Services
(Bahamas) managing director.
Crestwell Gardener, vice-
president with responsibility
for lending at the Fidelity
Group of Companies, took the
Professional of the Year
Award, beating out stiff com-
petition from Vanessa Long-
ley, associate director of com-
pliance at CIBC Trust Compa-
ny (Bahamas).
The Achiever of the Year
was Francelyn Bethel, execu-
tive assistant to Oceanic Bank
& Trust's chief executive Bruce
The Association of Interna-
tional Banks and Trusts
(AIBT) won the Financial Ser-
vices Development and Pro-
motion Award for the Foun-
dations Act, beating out the
Bahamas International Securi-
ties Exchange (BISX).


Paribas Asset Management Ltd
(known as PAM Bahamas in the UK)
(In Voluntary Liquidation)
In accordance with Section 238 of the Companies Act,
1992 be it known that the Members of the above-named
Company passed the following resolution dated the
27th day of September, 2005, namely:

RESOLVED that Mr. Juan M. Lopez and Mr.
Simon Townend of 5th floor, Montague
Sterling Center, Nassau, Bahamas be and hereby
are appointed Joint Liquidators of the Company,
to act jointly and severally, to wind up the affairs
of the Company.

Dated the 11th day of October, 2005

Mr. Juan M. Lopez
Joint Liquidator

Mr. Simon J.S.Townend
: Joint Liquidator ',

Management and staff of

Scotiabank (Bahamas) Limited are

pleased to announce the opening of

its Emerald Bay Branch in

Farmer's Hill, Exuma. Customers

are invited to conduct regular

banking transactions during

Mondays through


We welcome the opportunity to

serve you.



Vacant Position Of

The Airport Authority is seeking to recruit suitably qualified
persons for the position of Security Screener Supervisor. The
Supervisor will be required to oversee and coordinate the work
of staff performing security screening of property, (and
passengers when required) including the operation of x-ray
machines to identify dangerous objects in baggage and cargo.

The job operates on a shift system and persons will be required
to work on Saturdays and Sundays as per their work schedule.
During the course of employment supervisors will be subject
to specialized training, recurrent and recertification training
and random drug testing.

The supervisor must be self motivated, computer literate with
training in supervisory and customer service skills and also
possess effective writing and oral communication skills in
addition to five years supervisory experience. Experience in
aviation security will be considered as asset.

The starting salary for the position is $21,800 per annum.

Interested person who meet the criteria must submit a Resume,
three letters of reference and proof of qualifications no later
than Friday 21st October 2005 to the:

Manager, Human Resources
Airport Authority
Nassau International Airport
P.O. Box AP-59222
Nassau, Bahamas

Need a New Challenge
Teaching Position Available Immediately
Junior High English
Required Qualifications:
Bachelors Degree / Teacher's Certificate
Good Classroom Management Skills
Highly Organized
Creative and Motivational
Small School Environment
Twelve Students per Class
Integrated Learning Environment
Tutorial Classes
Salary Based on Experience and Qualification
CallTo SetAppointment For An Interview
Telephone: 393-1303




Chamber 'baffled' by

Consumer Bill brush off

FROM page 1B
as this. So it is baffling that the
input of the single largest busi-
ness organisation in the country
appears to have not been con-
"While we understand that
Government is charged with
the making of policy, wherever
possible, it would be prudent
to seek the input of stakehold-
ers in matters of national
importance. After all, this is
the purpose and process of con-
"It is hoped that these and
future recommendations will
be considered in the responsi-
ble manner in which they
were/are presented."
The Tribune revealed the
Chamber and wider business
community's disquiet with the
Government for moving ahead

with the Consumer Protection
Bill yesterday.
In their review of the Bill
published last year, the
Bahamas Chamber of Com-
merce and other private sector
organisations said their "over-
riding" fear was the power it
grants to the Minister of Trade
and Industry "while attempt-
ing to limit the power of the
In a 19-page review of the
proposed Bill, the Chamber
and other private sector organ-
isations said: "The Bill is blan-
keted with reasons that the
Minister can summarily con-
vict people. The criminal aspect
of this is objectionable and
these should be removed and
left to the discretion of the
"The overriding concern
regarding this Act is the power
granted to a single person [the
minister] while attempting to
limit the power of the courts.

We all share concerns that Acts
such as these that make it less
likely that matters will go
before the courts distort the
fundamental democratic sys-
tem ie; the Constitution, the
court, Parliament, citizens and
civil society. We cannot empha-
sise enough that if there is a
perceived problem with the
court system, this should be
fixed, rather than circumvent
the system."
For instance, the first three
subsections in Clause 15 -
"Minister to Restrict Imports"
- of the Consumer Protection
Bill allow the minister to "pro-
hibit the importation or expor-
tation of goods of any class or
description of goods", prohibit
imports of certain goods unless
he grants a licence to do so,
and "regulate the distribution,
purchase or sale of goods of

any class or description".
In its review, the private sec-
tor said: "This appears to give
the minister sole discretion to
stop any import. At minimum
the Act should specify the
grounds for prohibiting goods
and/or the minister's reasons
should be stated. The Act
should not take precedence
over the other Act like Cus-
toms etc."
Instead, the private sector
recommended that this clause
be amended to read that the
minister "may make recom-
mendations to the relevant
government agency for the
import or export of goods pro-
viding reasons and proof for
his decision".
Other concerns centred on
Clause 30 (2), which stipulates
that where a supplier fails to
meet the advertised delivery
date, all monies paid should be
refunded to the consumer plus
an amount equal to 10 per cent

of the amount deposited for
each week that the goods are
not delivered. This, under the
Bill as worded, would kick in
after 14 days.
However, the private sector
responded: "How can one be
expected to know exactly when

a product will arrive when we
are dependant on air or sea
transport to receive them in the
country? Suppose there is a
strike at the factory where a
good is being produced. What
if a provider expensed money
to order the product?"

Accountants seek

$ 300k IDB grant

FROM page 1B
seen in audited reports of companies and
other entities.
The project has the support of the Cen-
tral Bank of the Bahamas.
Meanwhile, Mr Christie said BICA's
legislation committee, headed by Lambert
Longley, was still working on proposed
amendments to the Public Accountants
Act. Among the amendments being sought
were relief-from fees for accountants who

were retired or semi-retired, plus "relief on
e-mail". The latter would allow Bahamian
accountants to incorporate e-mail and tech-
nology into their operations, rather than
being confined to existing standards where
documents had to be sent by registered
mail in 21 days.
And Mr Christie said: "It is time for us to
look seriously at limited liability for public

Limited liability, especially limited lia-
bility partnerships, would serve to protect
Bahamian accountants from frivolous law-
suits, plus protect those accountants in
partnerships or companies who were not
being accused of fraud or negligence.
The Cayman Islands already had limited
liability, Mr Christie said, and BICA had
sponsored the Cayman Institute's acces-
Ssiodil iedV t liti atVtiV6t Fe'deration of

For qualified applicants in the following positions in a striving
retail environment:

Senior Accountant


Bachelor's degree in accounting or finance
Proficient knowledge of accounting principles and standards
At least 3 years of relevant experience
Good communication and management skills
Must be driven, energetic, team worker
Must be willing to travel (on a monthly basis)


Preparation of complete set of financial statements
Implementation of internal controls
Management reporting
Liaison and external auditors
General support and assistance for accounting team
Budget preparation, business plans and special projects

Junior Accountant


Bachelor's degree in accounting or finance
At least 2 years of relevant experience
Excellent computer skills
Must be driven, energetic, team worker


General support for all areas within the Accounting Department
Preparation of month end journal entries, account and vendor
reconciliations, expense reports processing and data entries
-, Assist in internal audits
'* Assisting with budget preparation and special projects

:To apply for this position, please e-mail your cover letter and
detailed resume to


A leading Transportation Management Company is seeking
to employ the services of a


The successful candidate must have considerable experience
and knowledge with installation, configuration management,
security, back-up and recovery procedures. Have knowledge
and experience in system design and analysis, client-server
architecture, along with relevant technical knowledge of
the latest Oracle and SQL Server releases.

* Microsoft Certified Professional training and Oracle or
SQL Server certification preferred.
* Strong Experience with Oracle 9i, Sequel Server 2000.
* Extensive experience with Structured Query Language
* Three to five years experience with HP UNIX & Windows
2000/2003 Networking.
* Extensive experience with implementing and utilizing
* Three years' experience with Visual Basic Programming.

Responsibilities include all functions associated with
efficient design, implementation and maintenance of all
Oracle 9i and SQL Server 2000 databases. Also responsible
for maintaining and supporting existing business Systems.

Bachelor's degree in Computer Information's Systems or
Programming with 3 to 5 years experience directly related
to the duties and responsibilities of a Database

Applicants should submit resume on or before
October 11th 2005
to Director of Human Resources




elected as


of BGF

FROM page one

rate that they have to pay
to play on the local cours-
es," she reflected.
"Another item we will be
looking at is a more vibrant
youth programme because
we must continue to
improve the level of play
so that they can find the
avenue to advance to the
next level."
Delancy and Flowers will
be joined by immediate
directors Al Cartwright,
Felix Stubbs, Dwayne Hep-
burn, Ambrose Gouthro,
George Swann and Neil
Delancy, however, won't
take office until December
31 when K. Neville Adder-
ley will officially vacate his
post as president. Once he
does, he too will remain on
the executive board as the
immediate past president.
The chair persons of all
divisions under the federa-
tion will also sit on the
executive board. So far the
list includes Wayde Bethel
and Chris Harris, the
respective Southern and
Northern chairmen and
Yvonne Shore for the
Reg Smith from Exuma
will head the newly formed
division out of Exuma.

Outgoing BGF president

reflects on 'rewarding term'

Senior Sports Reporter
AS HE welcomed the first
new female president of the
Bahamas Golf Federation, K.
Neville Adderley said he had a
rewarding term in office as the
immediate past president.
Under his tenure, the BGF
successfully hosted the 48th
Caribbean Amateur Golf
Championships in 2004 and the
Caribbean Classic in 2005,
which netted a combined bud-
get of $340,000.
"You cannot imagine the
challenge this presented to the
BGF in terms of fundraising,"
Adderley said. "However, we
were successful."

According to Adderley, the
membership raised some $7,000
in an in-house raffle, but he
added that the Ministry of
Tourism and Ministry of Youth,
Sports and Culture, the
Caribbean Golf Association and
the Royal and Ancient Golf
Club of St Andrews all played a
significant role.
"Similarly, we could not have
succeeded without substantial
cash contributions by private
firms," Adderley stated.

"Having served for four years
as secretary of the BGF, eight
years as vice president and
now two years as president,
I have seen the organisation
grow from strength to

Outgoing BGF president K. Neville Adderley

Among those companies
were Kerzner International, the
late Sir Edward St. George and
Sir Jack Hayward through the
Grand Bahama Port Authori-
ty, the Abaco Club at Winding
Bay, Flowermat, Guaranty
Trust Bank, Batelco and the
Baker's Bay Development Aba-
"We are thankful too them
all and to our membership both
in the North and the South for
making it a team effort,"
Adderley continued.
"I wish to single put and
thank Ambrose Gouthro,
immediate past president, for
forging links with the Ministry
of Tourism in Grand Bahama,
which has been of great help to
supplement my personal efforts

at fundraising in New Provi-
During his tenure, Adderley
said he was able to persuade
the general body to accept his
recommendation to have a full
time paid administrator, whom
they selected as Agatha Delan-
cy, now his successor as the new
president of the BGF.

"For the first seven months,
she worked from home, but
recently she has moved into her
own office," he pointed out,
thanking new vice president
Craig Flowers for his generous
donation of the office space.
"The office has been a major

success: communication with
members has increased,
response time for obtaining
membership cards has
improved, the web site has
more timely information and,
the professionalism of the BGF
in the eyes of the public has

According to Adderley, in
addition to its membership in
the CGA and in the Interna-
tional Golf Federation, the
BGF has been forging personal
links with international organi-
sations with a view to initiating
and formulating a 5-10 year
national junior development
plan in conjunction with the
Ministry of Youth, Sports and
Culture and the Ministry of
Kevin O'Connor, the direc-
tor in charge of Course Rating
and Handicapping at the
USGA, conducted a course at
SuperClubs Breezes to train
BGF golf course raters, inclu-
sive of Adderley, Cornell
Collins, Calsey Rolle, Wilfred
Horton, Samuel Hall, Glenn
Archer, Agatha Delancy, Peter
McIntosh, Fred Lunn and Ed
Also during this past term in
office, Adderley said a new

Southeast division was formed
in 'Exuma with Reg Smith
spearheading the drive.
The Four Seasons course will
be their home site.
And Adderley said the Fred
Higgs Fund, held in memory of
the late Fred Higgs, will now
become the Fred Higgs Foun-
The fund now has a fixed
deposit of $50,000, which was
accumulated over the past 10
years from the Fred Higgs Clas-
This year, Adderley said the
fund selected Perry Ferguson
from Grand Bahama as the
recipient of the junior develop-
ment scholarship.
"Having served for four
years as secretary of the
BGF, eight years as vice presi-
dent and now two years as pres-
ident, I have seen the organisa-
tion grow from strength to
strength," Adderley summed
"I am therefore pleased to
give someone else a chance to
take this distinguished body
even further.
"I will, of course, continue on
the board of directors for the
next two years, as immediate
past president to help in that
He thanked the membership
for providing him with the
opportunity to serve.

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Knowles and Nestor

out to make net gains

Senior Sports Reporter
NEW father Mark Knowles and
newly wed Daniel Nestor will be
back in action this week for the first
time since their early exit from the
US Open.
The duo will be the top seeds in
the BA-CA Trophy where they will
attempt to become one of the five
remaining teams to qualify for the
Tennis Masters Cup Doubles.
Although they are currently
pegged at No.4 in the ATP Doubles
Race, Knowles and Nestor have not
made the list for the year-ending
Tennis Masters that will be played in
Shanghai, China from November 11.


So far, the only three teams that
have qualified are two-time defend-
ing champions, American twin
brothers Bob and Mike Bryan,
Roland Garros champions Jonas
Bjorkman and Max Mirnyl and Aus-
tralian Open champions Wayne
Black and Kevin Ullyett.
The Bryans lead the ATP Dou-
bles Race with 1045 points with
Bjorkman and Mirnyl in second with
1009 and Black and Ullyett in third
with 707.
Knowles and Nestor are sitting in
third with just 482, having won only
two titles, the first at the ATP Mas-
ters Series in Indian Wells, Califor-
nia and the International Series in
Houston, Texas.
In their last outing at the US
Open in August, Knowles suffered a
slight knee injury, while Nestor was

recuperating from one himself.
They were eliminated in the first
round of the Grand Slam tourney
by the American team of Paul Gold-
stein and Jim Thomas in three sets.
Having had more than a month to
recuperate and get back on track,
Knowles and Nestor have indicated
that they are eager to return to
action this week.


They will head the charge in Vien-
na with Jonathan Erlich and Andy
Ram as the No.2 seeds. Erlich and
Ram slipped from seventh to ninth
this week in the ATP Doubles Race.
After they complete the BA-CA
tourney, Knowles and Nestor are
scheduled to compete in the Mas-
ters Series in Madrid, Spain, starting
on October 17.
They will wrap up the long fall'
trip at the BNP Paribas Masters in
Paris, France from October 31
before they close out the year at the
Tennis Masters.
Knowles' year, however, won't be
complete until he hosts his fifth
annual Mark Knowles Celebrity
event at Atlantis on Paradise Island
from December 2-3.
Among the list of participants this
year will be Bahamian rising young
stars Ryan Sweeting, the US Open
junior champion, and Timothy Neil-
ly, the Orange Bowl champion.

suffering from a knee injury at the
US Open in August.

i O O

First ever Church Games

set to start with a bang

STARTING tonight at the
Thomas A. Robinson Track
and Field Stadium, athletes
will get an opportunity to
compete in the first Church
Hosted by the Bahamas
Christian Council and the
Ministry of Youth, Sports
and Culture, the mini-
Olympic style competition
will get underway with the
official opening ceremonies
at 7pm.
Prime Minister Perry
Christie, along with Bahamas
Christian Council president
the Rev. Dr. William Thomp-
son and Minister of Youth,
Sports and Culture Neville
Wisdom, are all expected to
head the list of dignitaries
During the ceremonies,
the unveiling of the
Church Games symbol will

Fireworks, music,

dance and rush-out to

get event underway

take place.
Fireworks, music, dance
and a rush-out will be held.
There will also a battle of
the choirs and marching
The competition will get
started on Wednesday at
5.45pm with open men and
women's basketball at the
Kendal Isaacs Gymnasium
and the Churchill Tener
Knowles National Softball
Stadium respectively.
On Thursday, which has
been designated as National,

T-Shirt Day, the competition
will continue in the same two
categories for the same disci-
On the Discovery Day hol-
iday on Friday, track and
field for all divisions will
begin at 10am at the Thomas
A. Robinson Track and Field
Stadium and continue at the
same time and venue on Sat-
Also on Friday and Satur-
day, competition for cycling
in all categories will take
place at the one-mile nation-

al cycling track at the Bail-
lou Hills Sporting Complex.
The championships for
softball and basketball for
the open men and women
will conclude the weekend.
No games will be held on
Sunday, October 16, which is

also designated as ,Baptist
Day. During that day,
Churches from the Baptist
denomination will take to the
streets in their annual parade
from the Town Centre Mall,
Baillou Hill Road to the
Columbus Primary School on

Wulff Road.
Next weekend, competition
for the high school age
groups will take place in soft-
ball, basketball, soccer, base-
ball and volleyball.
Men's baseball and women
and men's volleyball and soc-
cer will also take place next
The games are scheduled
to wrap up on Saturday,
October 22.
Teams from the Anglican,
Catholic, Methodists, Bap-
tist, Church of God, Seventh-
day Adventist and Indepen-
dent Churches are expected
to participate in 11 days of
The games are being orga-
nized by C.O.P.S. a group
comprising of Colin 'Trophy'
Knowles, Oria Knowles,
Prince Ellis and Stanley

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first woman elected

as president of BGF

Senior Sports Reporter
been elected as the first female
president of the Bahamas Golf
The election was held on Sunday
in Grand Bahama at the BGF's
annual general meeting where
Delancy defeated her rival, Milford
'Shaggy' Lockhart by a landslide
319-8 decision.
Also during the elections, Craig
Flowers was voted in as vice presi-
dent under Delancy's slate. He won
over former BGF's president Ken
Francis with a 317-6 count.

Agatha Delancy takes top golfing role

When contacted on Monday,
Delancy said she was quite thrilled
to be elected as the first female to
the highest office in the BGF.
"To me, it's just a symbolic thing
about the first female president,"
said Delancy.
"While I stand as the first female
president, I do so under the
strength of a lot of men whom I've
had the opportunity to work with
over the last 10 years that I've
worked in the federation."
Going into the elections, Delan-

cy served as the first administra-
tor. She was also first president of
the Ladies Golf Association.
Having served as a former direc-
tor of the federation, Delancy said
she's been able to prove her skills
and, as a result, she didn't have any
doubts that she would have been
elected on her own merits and not
on her gender.
By being elevated to the top spot,
Delancy said she will relinquish her
role as an administrator.
She's hoping that her position

will encourage more women to
come out and participate in the
sport, which is predominately con-
trolled by men.
As for her agenda, Delancy said
she will try to find affordable play-
ing rates at the various golf courses
for their members.
"We feel that is a high priority for
us because our members have been
complaining about the exorbitant

SEE page 6B


McDonald's thanks our valued customers for
"Helping us help the victims of Hurricane Katrina".

Proceeds from the sale of our hamburgers and
monies collected in the canisters in the restaurants
during the month of September 2005 will be
donated I-) the Hurricane Katrina relief efforts.

i'm lovin' it

ALEX SMITH is gaining
yards in the National Football
League, having another stellar
performance on Sunday against
the New York Jets.
The Tampa Bay Buccaneers'
flawless win-loss record came to
an end as they lost to the Jets
Smith, who appeared in his
fifth game, wrapped up the day
with a total gain of 39 yards and
two incomplete passes.
His first incomplete pass came
in the first quarter, with the sec-
ond in the fourth. But things
started to shape-up for Smith in
the second quarter, as he caught
a seven yard pass on the Bucca-
neers' 32 yard line.
The successful haul came on a
second down and nine call.
On the Buccaneers third drive
in the quarter, Smith dragged in
an eight yard pass, advancing the'
team to their own 33 yard line.
He later snagged two seven yard
catches at their own 42 yard line
and the Jets' 47 yard line.
The Buccaneers were able to
gain 65 yards of 13 plays, going
up 9-7 over the Jets.
After enjoying a solid third
quarter, Smith blazed to a 17
yards catch in the fourth,
putting the team in field goal
The Buccaneers will play Min-
nesota Vikings on Sunday.

: i'




Programme aims to make

impact with at-risk girls

Tribune Feature Writer
AT-RISK teenage girls will soon have
their own national youth service pro-
gramme similar to the pilot project that
the Ministry of Youth Sports and Culture
initiated for at-risk young men. This pro-
gramme will be launched next year.
Chairman of the Youth Advisory
Council to the ministry, Mattie Nottage,
told Tribune Woman that talks to initiate
the National Youth Council Service for
Girls came into effect after the pilot pro-
gramme for boys was established and
parents began to come forward request-
ing help on a national level for their girls.
While the council is still advising the min-
istry on how the girls' programme should
be structured, Mrs Nottage says that it
will be a three-phase programme, focus-
ing on transformation and restoration,
personal. development and skills train-

Mrs Nottage, who is also a youth min-
ister at Believers Faith Outreach Min-
istries, and co-founder of Youth in
Action, a non-profit, non-denomina-
tional, youth-oriented organisation,
believes that it is timely for a programme
targeting teenage girls to be established.
Working with students in the school
system since 1998, after she and husband,
Pastor Edison Nottage, established the
organisation, the youth leader has
become acquainted with the struggles
that young women face.
She has given the ministry a copy of
her youth programme to either use in
full or glean from, as it creates pro-
grammes on a national level. And since
she has seen success with Youth in
Action, the pastor is confident that the
ministry's programme will also be suc-
The couple have been working with
young people for more than 15 years,
but organised their youth programme
out of a "greater burden" and a "pas-
sion" to help young people in the com-

munity. "We saw it back in the day that
there was not much attention paid to
young people. We realised that they
made up more than half of our popula-
tion, over 55 per cent are under that age
of 25. But there was still not enough
attention paid to them," Pastor Nottage
told Tribune Woman.
When the programme was launched
the focus was on young men and the pas-
tors would go into the Mason's Addition
area, and other communities to trans-
port young people to the church on Fri-
day nights for Youth-A-Fire. This took
the form of a group counselling session
where young people could confide in
each other and leaders gave practical
-"The majority that were coming back
then were young men, so all of our atten-
tion was on these young boys grabbing

them out of the Rebellion, grabbing them
out of gangs,-But we realised in the midst
of helping the. young men, that these
young girls had some issues going on,"
Pastor Nottage said.
According to the youth leader, young
men are looking for attention and a sense
of belonging, which many of them believe
is found in "gang banging". But the
young women's "fight" is different.
"They were looking for attention in terms
of, 'Notice me!', 'Am I pretty?', 'Do I
look sexy?' Those sorts of things we
found out coming off of the young girls.
And not much attention was being paid
to them because they were not the ones
with the big time testimony, like, "Yeah,
look at me, I used to be a thugster",
says Pastor Nottage.
As she would visit school campuses,
; the .minister noticed that girls were get-

ting pregnant at a younger age. She also
noticed that the "drive" that they once
had for education was becoming less and
less. The length of school skirts became
shorter, and the waistbands became
thicker. Many teenage girls also began to
face peer pressure, though she admits
that this is an "old issue".
Then in 2001, she began to notice a
"mass problem", where female students
began to wait on specific bus drivers.
"They would stand up there, you would
be offering these girls rides home and
they would say, 'no, I waiting on bus
number so and so'. So I realised that sex-
uality in terms of them becoming more
promiscuous, more seductive in their'
behaviour and actions, was peaking. They
were becoming more forward."
At this point, the couple split their
efforts. Pastor Nottage focused on the
. ., t:i! ,-" ,-' : .- *: .

females, with her 'Girls of Excellence
Programme', that involved after-school
counselling and skills training, while her
husband focused on the young men. She
found that teenage girls were experienc-
ing a type of identity crisis and were find-
ing poor pacifiers for their problems.
Sex would be one of their major chal-
lenges. Pastor Nottage explains: "When
we would talk to the young ladies, I also
realised that there were a lot of issues
going on in their minds. Why are you
dating a guy, why are you in a relation-
ship with a young man that is 25-plus
years olds, and you are just 16. They were
saying that these guys loved them and
could take care of them. And of course
we know that for the most part, it is not
"We know that they were not just
looking for companionship but wanted
sex in return from these young ladies.
"It was also discovered that girls at a
younger age were becoming sexually
active, most of them 12, 13, 14 years olds
had already lost their virginity. And the
AIDS Secretariat was able to back up
the fact that three out of ten who go to a
doctor, come out with some form of a
sexually transmitted disease."
According to Pastor Nottage, the
majority of teenage girls who "act out"
are experiencing some form of "delin-
quency" in their home, in many instances
a non-resident father home. In five cases
she saw during a single week, all five
were broken home situations, where the
father or the mother was divorced and
out of the home. In two of the cases, the
young girls did not even know who their
fathers were, and had no interest in find-
ing out.
"So what you would hear coming out
of them right now is anger. So you have
situations where they turned to alterna-
tives. They begin to put on a front, and
they find security in the arms of some-
thing else or someone else. And if a gang
is presenting that form of security to
them, whether it's a gang of guys or a
gang of girls, they are going with that

SEE pagetwo



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Good nutrition and dental

hygiene are key to keeping teeth

THE Lighten Up
and Live health
team partners with the
Department of Oral
Health in the observance
of Oral Health Month dur-
ing October. The Ministry
of Health has set this spe-
cial time aside to promote
good oral health and pre-
vent tooth decay.
As we all know, diet and
nutrition play an important role
in oral health and the progres-
sion of tooth decay. Taking care
of your mouth is an important
step on the road to good health.
Proper eating habits, regular
brushing, flossing, fluoride treat-
ments, and checkups are all part
of maintaining good oral health.
Everything eaten passes
through the mouth. The bacteria
found in plaque use carbohy-
drates from the foods you eat to
produce acids capable of dam-
aging tooth enamel. Plaque is
an almost invisible deposit of
bacteria and its byproducts that
constantly form on teeth. Plaque
holds the acids on the teeth and
in time, the tooth enamel may
break down, forming a cavity.
There are certain properties
of food all of which impact
healthy teeth, whether the food
is a liquid, dry, sticky or long
lasting; the frequency of con-
sumption of sugar and starches;
the sequence of food intake, and

the combination of foods.
Therefore eating patterns and
food choices are important fac-
tors in tooth decay.
The following eating patterns
and food choices promote tooth
decay and overall poor oral
The higher the sugar content
in foods, the greater the risk of
The dental plaque, the main
enemy of good oral health, feeds
on the sugar of food. Bear in my
mind that the habit of consuming
sweets is developed from the
very first years of life. In most
cases parents are responsible
because they give their kids
foods with sugar to keep them
happy and quiet.
The higher the starch con-
tent in food, the greater the
chance for cavities. Starches in
general, from bread to crackers
to sugars from fruit, milk, honey,
molasses, corn sweeteners, and
refined sugar, can all produce
the acids that damage teeth.
Sticky or dry foods stick to
teeth and increase the chance of
cavities. Soft and sticky foods
are dangerous because they
attach and get between the teeth
providing a better environment
for bacteria. While one might
not think of them as sticky,
cooked starches such as chips
and crackers rank high on the
list of sticky foods.
Brush immediately after eat-
ing soft, sticky and sugary foods.
Many fruit juices and of
course fruit drinks, contain pri-

marily sugar and water and are
no better for your teeth than
The amount of time food
remains in the mouth, the greater
the chance for decay.
Brush after each meal.
The sequence in which foods
are eaten can determine the risk
of cavities. For example, if you
eat sugary foods during meals
the saliva production is
increased, neutralizing most of
the acids. You decrease the
chance for cavities, as opposed to
just eating sugary foods alone.
Frequency of eating. Each
time carbohydrate-containing
foods are consumed, acids are
released on the teeth for about
20 to 40 minutes. The greater the
frequency of eating, the more
opportunity for acid production.
Follow these healthy tips for
good oral health:
Avoid foods with high con-
centration of sugar (cakes, ice
cream, candy, etc.)
Snack on nutritious foods
(peanuts, yogurt, fruits, vegeta-
bles, etc.)
Tough foods are the safest
because they increase the saliva
production and help in the self-
cleaning of teeth
Eat sugary foods during
meals. Do not eat sweets
between meals. During meals the
saliva production is increased
neutralizing most of the acids.
That is why a sweet during a
meal is less hazardous than one
taken between meals.
Legumes, grains and nuts are

flavanoids. Flavanoids are what
gives the color to fruits, vegeta-
bles, and herbs. They are also
potent antioxidants. Flavanoids
help the mouth in its ability to
reduce inflammation, prevent the
release of histamine (which caus-
es allergy symptoms), fight free
radicals, increases the body's
immunity, strengthens blood ves-
sels and increases blood flow to
certain areas.
Limit eating occasions to
regular meals and no more than
two to three snacking occasions
Incorporate balance, variety
and moderation in food choices.
Important guidelines for oral
health as well as for good nutri-
Clean teeth with fluoride
toothpaste at least twice a day.
Floss regularly.
Visit the dentist regularly.
Remember, your mouth is a
window to your health. Take
care of your teeth, make sound
food choices and develop healthy.
eating habits. Also, do not forget
the message being promoted by
the Department of Oral Health:
Brush your teeth twice a day.
Cut down on sugary snacks
and drinks.
Visit your dentist at least
twice a year.

Provided by Adelma Penn,
Camelta Barnes and Shandera
Smith, nutritionists from the
Department of Public
Health/Ministry of Health.

At-risk teenage girls

FROM page one

because after all, "this gang understands me, nobody else does", she
If it is not running with gangs, many teenage girls, said Mrs Nottagei,.
are turning to homosexual or lesbian relationships, which she believes is.
a "major" problem in the community. "It is a major concern of mine
because of what I see going on in the schools. And I am not just speak-
ing of what I see face-to-face. I'm talking about what I see prophetical-
ly. What I can see in the future."
Lesbianism, like any other "problem in our society", if it is not taken
under control at the first "sign and symptom", will continue to escalate,;
Pastor Nottage believes.
"It doesn't just disappear. It's something that will get worse and
worse. And my prayer as a pastor and as the founder of the Youth in
Action organisation is that this problem of homosexuality among our
teens, be they males or females, that it won't grow."
While Pastor Nottage agrees that lesbianism may have been in the
school system for some time, she feels that students are more "flam-'
boyant". Students are not afraid to admit to teachers that they are les-
bians, says the youth leader. But tackling the problems faced by teenage
girls in the Bahamian society is so much bigger than one organisation.
That is why Pastor Nottage has taken her programme and shared it with'
government. "At this stage, with what the Youth in Action group is deal-
ing with, it is going to take the country, it is going to take the family and-
it is going to take the church. It takes a whole community to raise a child,
in particular our females," she told Tribune Woman.
"I've dealt with some of the roughest girls, some of the most at risk.
females in the school system. At the outset I dealt with them in a rough
way, but then I realised all inside of them is a little girl, a young child that
never lived, that never came forth," she said.
These issues must be tackled as early on as possible to avoid further
damage and issues of insecurity that continue as teenage girls go into
adulthood, the minister believes. She describes a situation where a
young woman was molested from the age of seven by her grandfather.
Today that teenage girls is a woman and "can't seem to get her life in
order". She has also found out other female relatives were molested by
this family member. "Now, how many other girls in this country are being
molested by their relatives, and are told to leave it alone?"
Even if the government does not use the entire Youth in Action
programme for its national service initiative, Pastor Nottage is confident
that the programme will be a success. She is excited about teenage girls
becoming the focus of this new government venture that she feels will
help mold teenage girls into productive adult women.
"Definitely, this will be a success. I can't wait to see what is going td'
happen. It will definitely make an impact on our young women. I
believe that what we are going to. see at the end of the day is more bet-
ter women who know who they are, who know why they are here and
who understand where they are going. And so I feel as though it is going
to make a tremendous impact," she said.

a ~ a

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I'm lovin' it




Up close and personal:

surviving breast cancer

THIS is the first installment in a two-part
series of a personal account on surviving
breast cancer. Part II will be published in
next week's Woman and Health.

N By Brenda Anita Russell

It was a very busy afternoon for me two
years ago in August 2003, and it has com-
pletely changed my life. During my regular
routine checkup with Dr Baldwin Carey, I
found out I had a lump in my breast. I was
immediately sent to Doctor's Hospital for
a ultra sound test and mammogram which
was done by Dr Larry Carroll. Later that
same afternoon I went to The Surgical
Suite and had a surgical biopsy performed
by Dr Charles Diggiss to remove the lump.
Dr Diggiss gave me another appointment
to return in 10 days when the results would
be back and suggested that on my return I
"bring some relatives with me."


Believe me, that was the longest 10 days
I have ever experienced! I would not want
to go through that again. Things had hap-
pened so fast and my mind was in a whirl
not knowing what to expect. The wait was
torture. When the time came to return to
Dr Diggiss for the results on August 28,
two days before my daughter's 23rd birth-
day, I became completed befuddled. As I
was getting dressed, my mind and body
went into slow motion I could not find
one foot of my black shoe nor my black
pants. I could not find my car keys. My
bedroom to me looked like a tornado had
passed through. Everything went wrong
that afternoon. I reached the doctor's office
one hour late for my appointment to find
my sister Beverley Lockhart, her husband
Vivian Lockhart, my sister-in-law Missy
Russell and one of my nieces waiting for
me in the waiting room. What a relief it
was to see their familiar faces! Although I
was so well armed and supported, I still
became weak my legs seemed to refuse
to move me into the doctor's office. Sub-
consciously I was delaying having to face
the news which was the affirmation of my
worst fear that I also had breast cancer -
like my sister, Bev right beside me, my
oldest brother, Colin Tatem and my late
father, Lofton Russell.
How do you react on hearing siqchnews?
It was a traumatic shock. While Dr Diggiss
talked, I looked outside of the window
with tears running down my face. The only
words I heard were "Yes, it is cancer."
The rest of that day was a blur and I am so
grateful that Dr Diggiss had suggested that
family members accompany me. After
leaving the doctor's office I was joined by
my daughter Monette, other family mem-
bers and friends and we went to a restau-
rant out west for dinner.
That day ushered in a round of medical
interventions I was a high risk patient I
was young (hence the cancer was more
aggressive), I have a family history of can-
cer which necessitated immediate aggres-
sive adjuvant therapy. My first around of
chemotherapy treatments were given by
Dr Theodore Turnquest from October
2003 to mid January 2004, every two weeks
for four months in order to first reduce
the size of the lump. I was treated with
two drugs Adriamycin and Docetaxel. I
was not sick in bed at all but my finger
nails and toe nails turned dark. The bottom
of my feet were very painful, and the skin
on my neck and the palms of both of my
hands looked like they were burnt. My
chemo treatments were administered via a
port-a-cath (or a 'port') and lasted 2 1/2
hours. My port-a-cath was put into my


chest by Dr Duane. Sands. Three weeks
later on Friday, January 23, 2004 at 5pm, I
checked myself into Doctor's Hospital and
underwent surgery for a mastectomy (sur-
gical removal of the breast) on Saturday
morning. My brother Larry Russell came
in from Freeport to be with me and he
was the last person I saw before going into
the surgical theatre at 10am. 'Thank you,
Larry I love you". I came out of hospital
Sunday morning and was back into Dr
Diggiss' office on Monday morning at
10am, then back to work. Yes, ladies -
back to work, do you hear me, back to
work. I was not in any pain but I had lots of
stitches and a drainage tube was still
attached deeply into my body collecting
and draining off all of the post surgical
fluids. Nothing was wrong with my hands
and mouth so I went to work every day
and wore my pretty colourful hats on my
fat bald head, just like I am doing right
I started Radiation Treatments in March.
I was the first female to be treated at the
newly open Radiation Therapy Services
Bahamas, owned by our own Dr Conville
Brown and his wife, Dr Corinne Sinquee.
My Radiation Oncologist was Dr Arthur
Porter and my treatments were at 10am
every day for seven weeks and lasted 5
tol0 minutes daily. I went straight back
to work afterwards. Because of my per-
sonality and positive attitude, I continued
to work without taking days off. I had
made up my mind that I was going to beat
this cancer instead of the cancer beating
me. It was not going to change my life.
However, ladies I did have some very emo-
tional times and I can now write a book on
crying and depression.


My emotional journey with cancer has
been a mixed one. Honestly it has been
both a "roller coaster ride" as well as
"smooth sailing". However, because of my
family unity and my daughter's personali-
ty they were all able to cope very well with
my situation. Outwardly, my daughter was
strong and it also gave me the strength I
needed. However I am not sure what she
really felt when she went home to her
apartment and I went to mine. I am a sin-
gle mother and I think that the emotional
atmosphere can be different for those per-
sons who have a spouse or significant oth-

er staying with them. Having good friends
is also a tremendous help. I want to thank
a very good friend who is always there
with encouraging words for me "Thank
you, and thanks again, God will bless you!"
Physically and emotionally the surgery
had affected me. I felt embarrassed by the
lopsided look of my body. As a single
woman, I felt at a disadvantage. I was
afraid that I would be regarded as an
incomplete woman. I felt that plastic
surgery would correct this so I opted for
breast reconstruction which was performed
in Nassau by Dr Gregory Neil "thank
you Dr Neil".
A diagnosis of cancer impacts all aspects
of your life family, work, and social. In
my workplace I was fortunate to be able to
rely on the support of my oldest sister Bev-
erly Lockhart, who is also an eight-year
cancer survivor. She spoke to my employ-
er, Mr Wendall Jones, on my behalf as I
was in tears during the entire meeting. Mr
Jones was extremely supportive then and
still is today and he complements me on
my pretty hats I would like. to thank Mr
Jones, Buena Wright and the staff of Jones
Communications Ltd for their full support
and understanding.


Socially, my life is a "roller coaster ride".
Whenever I can, I share my experience of
cancer with others and talking about it
makes me stronger. But there are times
when I just want to be at home and just cry,
there are times when I just want to be
hugged and not talk, there are times when
I just want to ask a lot of questions and
need answers. There are times when I just
need somebody to listen. I am very emo-
tional, very easy to cry. Often I think of all
of my other family members battling can-
cer and I pray to God every morning, noon
and night to have this genetic curse of can-
cer broken from my family.
My sister Beverley was a big support to
me. We spoke every day and night. I asked
questions on top of questions and my
entire family are united behind me at all
times. I was comforted and accompanied to
my doctor's office by family members and
we all laughed and cried together. I want to
say thank you to Daphne and Kevin Sim-
mons, I love you both. Also I am very
grateful to Mrs Pam Burnside, a constant
source of support, particularly because she
knows from first hand experience what I
am going through. "Thanks again, Pam I
love you". Bishop Hulan Hanna, thank
you so much for your encouraging, uplift-
ing and spiritual nurturing.
I became involved in the Sister Sister
Breast Cancer Support Group whose mot-
to is "Women helping Women." This is
exactly what they do. Our mission state-
ment: To provide supportive care, encour-
agement, coping skills, resources, strength
and hope for women who have or had can-
cer. This dynamic attachment by women
for women will promote health, wholeness
and healing. Our vision statement: To
empower and educate women to actively
participate in preventative health prac-
tices, increase survival rates and improve
the quality of life of those diagnosed with
breast cancer and to enhance the public's
awareness of this disease.
I am now the coordinator for the fund-
raising activities of the group, a member of
the executive board, and my aim is to form
the Sister Sister Breast Cancer Founda-
tion very soon.
I would, also like to thank British
American Insurance for adopting both the
Sister Sister Breast Cancer Support Group
and Cancer'Society of the Bahamas.


I have had endometriosis
for most of my life and
would how like to have chil-
dren. I was told by my doc-
tor that becoming pregnant
would be a challenge and
that I would be more at risk
for an ectopic pregnancy. Is
this true? I also heard that
pregnancy can cure
endometriosis. What would
you recommend for a safe
conception and pregnancy?

Endometriosis is a condi-
tion where the tissue lining
the uterus (the endometri-
um) starts growing outside
the uterus. The most com-
mon areas for the growths
(called endometrial
implants) are the ovaries,
the surface of the uterus, the
fallopian tubes, the area
between the rectum and
vagina, the ligaments and
supports of the uterus and
the lining of the pelvis.
When the uterus is men-
struating the implants
respond similarly and
become larger with each
'period. Cyst may be pro-
duced on the ovaries filled
with menstrual-like blood.
Painful periods are often
considered a normal part of
menstruation. When it
becomes continually exces-
sive limiting activity, then it
should be investigated as it
may be due to endometrio-
sis. Painful sexual inter-
course, pain on defecation
and persistent lower abdom-
inal pain are .other possible
Thirty per cent of patients
with endometriosis will have
difficulty conceiving. The
more severe the disease the
more difficult it is. Because
of the damage to the fallop-
ian tubes from scarring and
pelvic adhesions the chances
are greater that you may get
an ectopic prdgi~ney.
' Endometriosis is more'
common in women who
delay child bearing. Preg-
nancy offers some protec-
tion against developing and
reactivating the endometrio-
sis, but as mentioned once
you have endometriosis the
challenge will be to achieve

* Dr Reginald Carey

For this reason, and
because of the high preva-
lence of fibroids in black
women, women are asked
to consider not delaying
their child bearing for too
long, but to find a way of
planning it alongside their
other goals if possible.
Eliminating your periods
temporarily does bring some
relief from the symptoms of
endometriosis. This is
achieved in some women by
giving the depo provera con-
traceptive injection. But oth-
ers may experience the com-
plete opposite. A simpler
method would be to take
birth control pills continu-
ously. That is every day for
at least three to six months
to eliminate some of the
periods. Both methods will
also provide contraception
in addition to bringing relief
from symptomatic
endometriosis and perhaps
preventing or delaying its

This informative weekly
column provided by Doctors
Hospital is intended to edu-
cate women about important
issues regarding their health
and is not intende as'a sub-
stitute for consultation with
an obstetrician/gynaecolo-
gist. Please send questions
via e-mail to tribune@tri- or
mrassin@doctorshsoptial. co
m. For more information
call 302-4707

.. Powerful. Nimble. Refined.


Other bank terms are: Customer's injection- 15%, Term- up to 72 months,
(RHD V6 with Leather 84 months)
Competitive intrest rates, preferred rate on motor vehicle insurances.
Shirley Street 328-2285 Fax: 323-7272


I t--) I, ,

Schedule of events,
October 17 British Amer- ican losurance, Sister Sister
ican Insurance and Cancer It reast Cancer Support
Society of' the Bahamas Group and Cancer Society
Town Meeting at the Cr.ystal of' the Bahamas PRAYER
Palace Hotel in the BREAKFASTat the Crvstal
Eleuthera Room Irom 8pm- Palace Ballroom @ gam,
lopni. donation B$25.
October 21 National We are inviting all corpo-
Mammography Da.v dis- rate companies to purchase a,
counted screening marnmo- Iable (of' 11) tickets for
grams at Doctors Hospital staff' we cocourage faim y
during October see Thc members and f'riend/co-
Ti-ibitne Im details %Norkers to support your can-
October,29 British Amer- cer friend, male or feniale.




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Weight for


Tribune Feature Writer

find challenges
in losing weight
and keeping it
off, will soon get
the help they need as Weight-
Watchers of the Bahamas
launches a landmark public
service programme this
The "Lose Weight for Life"
campaign, says Lydia Fergu-
son, founder of Weight-
SWatchers in the Bahamas, is a
S"call to action" for Bahami-
ans to become more aware of
what they consume and how it
affects their health. The pro-
gramme will be officially
launched at all three Weight-
Watchers locations; Prince
Charles Shopping Centre,
Collins Avenue and Blake
Road, at the New Providence
Community Church, on Octo-
ber 15.
While the WeightWatchers
programme has helped more
than 15,000 Bahamians lose a
"handsome amount" of
weight since it was established
in 1988, the company now
seeks to impact even more
overweight. Bahamians by
making healthy information
more accessible to the general
public through radio
; announcements and newspa--
;perarticles. The company will'
ailso offer free weigh-ins, at all
fhre6I dVations.
To create even more excite-
ment, Mrs Ferguson hopes to
get popular radio personali-
ties more involved with the
programme. She wants to
make it somewhat of a reality
show in radio land, where a
radio personality from each
station is placed on the "Lose
Weight for Life" programme,
weighed in weekly, and mon-
itored over a 12 week period.
The twelfth week, she notes, is
just the "first milestone", with
the weight loss programme
continuing and the achieve-
ments celebrated every 12
weeks until the target weight

loss goal is achieved.
"Lose Weight for Life", is
not anything new to those who
have passed through Weight-
Watchers. It is simply giving a
new face to a programme that
has been around for decades.
According to Mrs Ferguson,
the simple rules of Weight-
Watchers may have lost pop-
ularity in the face of all the
flashy fad diets that have crept
onto the fitness scene, but the
programme still has a faithful
Mrs Ferguson, who has also
lost weight on the Weight-
Watchers plan, says that this
new campaign will show
Bahamians how to lose weight
effectively without having to
sacrifice their health later on.
"We are trying to give peo-
ple a general understanding
of weight loss and manage-
ment. Research has shown
that weight gain contributes
to a lot of ailments in this
country, from high blood pres-
sure, diabetes, heart disease,
gall bladder disease, and some
forms of cancer. And because
of that, we say that because
of weight one's life could be
shortened. So we should be
thinking, health for life."
Even a "modest" weight
loss of 5 to 10 per cent can
improve one's health tremen-
dously, Mrs Ferguson believes.
"Emotionally, you find that
.many people can't live life to
the fullest with their weight
because they face emotional
and social distress. Therefore,
the quality of life could be
affected by weight, that's any-
thing from embarrassment, to
panic attacks just to climb a
flight of stairs, to anxiety
about sitting down in a restau-
rant to eat."
For Dr Phyllis Armbrister,
general practitioner at the
Walk In Medical Clinic,
Collins Avenue, sitting down
to eat at a restaurant was not
as much of an issue as getting
ready to go to that restaurant.
Her problem was that she had
"nothing to wear".
She tells Tribune Health

about her weight challenge: "I
told myself it didn't make
sense buying a new wardrobe
because I would end up being
comfortable and never lose
the weight. But the clothes
didn't fit me the way I wanted
them to.
"And I found that I was
getting very angry and
depressed when it was time to
go out. So by the time I went
out, there would be some kind
of argument and it was so

waistline. Dr Armbrister wa
about 35 pounds overweight
at the time.
After attempts to lose th
weight on her own, she foun
that she 'would often "los
track", which made weigh
loss an "up and down" expel
rience for her. Finally, sh
decided to try WeightWatcl
"It's the best programm
out there because it follow
the food pyramid, health

"I told myself it didn't make sense
buying a new wardrobe because I
would end up being comfortable and
never lose the weight. But the clothes
didn't fit me the way I wanted them to.
"And I found that I was getting very
angry and depressed when it was time
to go out. So by the time I went out,
there would be some kind of argument
rand it was so stressful because here
you are going oput to eat, but you
can't button 'your pants."
Dr Phyllis Armbrister

stressful because here you are
going out to eat, but you can't
button your pants."
Though she only went up
one dress size, that one size
made all the difference, "'I
went from clothes that were
loose fitting to clothes that
could not get on".
For a person who says that
she has been "at ideal weight"
for most of her life, giving
birth to her son and facing the
stresses of building a house,
she believes, took a toll on her

guidelines, and encourage
weight loss in a natural form,
she says of the programme
"So you are not eating cat
bage soup for a whole weel
or things that you probabl
wouldn't do if you weren't o
that particular diet. I
(WeightWatchers) doesn
restrict what you have. It does
n't say that you have to hav
eggs for breakfast on Monday
and oatmeal the next day, lik
some other diets."
This, she adds, is not jus

as medical knowledge talking. It weight loss leads to severe
it is the experience of someone health problems. "A lot of
who has lost weight by using people want to lose their
he the principles that the pro- weight in a week, but they did-
d gramme teaches. Dr Armbris- n't gain it in a week," she
e ter joined the programme in notes.
it October 2003, stayed commit- According to Mrs Ferguson,
e- ted for about a year, then who says that her evaluation is
he stopped attending meetings based on statistics and obser-
h- for a few months. At that vation, more than 65 per cent
point she had lost about 23 of the population is over-
ae pounds, but ended up gaining weight to some degree. "But
Ns about 8 pounds in the few it's one thing to have a prob-
.y months that she was away. lem, and another thing to do
After re-starting in February something about it," she tells
of this year, Dr Armbrister Tribune Health.
decided to keep going and "People need to come to
finally reached her weight loss terms with the fact that going
goal. She is currently at her on a diet is not helping them
goal weight and continues to to change their lifestyle. So
maintain it. Dr Armbrister is we are trying to discourage
now well on her way to people from trying to lose
becoming a "lifetime mem- weight with diets because you
ber" of WeightWatchers of can't live with some of these
the Bahamas, having reached demands, and you aren't
her goal weight (losing the-35 learning anything," she adds.
pounds) and remaining within WeightWatchers, says Mrs
two pounds of that weight for Ferguson, is more than count-
six weeks. ing points. The programme
As a health professional, Dr has adopted some "scientific
Armbrister says that not any pillars" that have helped mil-
weight loss programme will lions of people around the
do. She says that it is very world to lose weight.
important to have a balanced- Says Mrs Ferguson: "Our
diet, which ntakesfli4, Weight- ;prgramme is at, educational
Watchers programme.~'ideail" 'one, a complete and compre-
because it is "basically a repe- hensive approach to weight
tition" of the food pyramid. management because we
"You must have health oils believe that extensive educa-
es which are important to the tion can help persons to learn
," absorption of fat-soluble vita- to eat properly, and help them
e. mins and contain some ele- to better understand how to
b- ments that the body does not make right choices.
k, produce. It's a programme "At the end of the day,
y that stresses activity not just when you tell people no, don't
n exercise. So if you have some- eat this and no, don't eat that,
[t one who is 350 pounds who they often go for the forbid-
't can hardly move, you don't den fruit anyway. But knowl-
s- have to go to the gym. Just edge is what they really need.
e start getting out of the sofa They need to know how to
y, and walking, and eventually make wise choices, to know
.e you go from that to being able that they have options so they
to go to the gym," she adds. don't be thinking, I can't eat
st Even the loss of five this and can't eat that any-
pounds, which may seem more.
insignificant to some, is a lot in "They'll know how all of the
terms of making a life change. foods will affect their body,
In fact, weight loss should be knowing that some are nutri-
"slow and consistent", as rapid tional and others aren't."

FROM page 1C '

screened one to three years prior to diag-
nosis are more than twice as likely to have
late stage breast cancer. This statistic
underscores an important reason for
receiving regular mammograms, to
increase the chance of detecting breast
cancer early.
Early detection tests .can identify can-
cers of the breast, colon, rectum, cervix,
prostate, oral cavity, and skin at early
stages when treatment is more likely to
be successful.
This year alone in the United States,
more than 200,000 new invasive cases of
breast cancer are expected to occur among
women and men, and more than 40,000
women and men will die from this disease.
Until more is known about preventing
breast cancer, detection of breast cancer at
an early stage provides more treatment
options and a greater chance of survival.
When the disease is confined to the breast,
the five-year survival rate is more than
ninety five per cent.
Self examination is the key to early
detection of breast cancer. Research has
shown that many breast problems are dis-
covered by women themselves. Examining
your breasts regularly combined with
scheduled mammograms and regular visits
to your health care provider will provide
the best opportunity to detect breast can-
cer early.
The following guidelines from the Amer-
ican Cancer Society represent a woman's
best guard against breast cancer. Over 90

per cent of breast cancers can be detected
when all three methods are used together
in a planned programme.
Breast Self Exam: You should know
how your breasts normally feel. Look for
changes in a mirror with good lighting.
Relax, sit or stand, and with your arms at
your sides look for changes in your breasts
- lumps, thickenings, dimples or changes in
the skin texture or appearance. Next, raise
your arms above or behind your head,
again looking for the same changes. With
hands on your hips, press down and tense
your chest muscles. This will make any
changes more prominent. With fingertips
close together, gently probe each breast
in one of three patterns: wedge, circular or
Then lying down, place your right hand
behind your head, place a pillow or rolled
towel under your right shoulder. Use the
finger pads of the three middle fingers on
your left hand to feel for lumps in the right
breast, use overlapping dime-sized circular
motions of the finger pads to feel the breast
tissue. Using one of the three motions
mentioned above, feel a small portion of
the breast at a time until the entire breast
has been checked. Use three different lev-
els of pressure to feel all of the breast tis-
sue: light pressure to feel the tissue closest
to the skin, medium pressure to feel a little
deeper and firm pressure to feel the tissue
closest to the chest and ribs. Be sure to
check the entire breast area going down
until you feel only ribs and up to the neck
or collar bone, which is known as the clav-
icle. Repeat the exam on your left breast
with your right hand.
Yearly checkup by your health care
provider: Clinical breast exams should be
part of a woman's periodic health exami-

nation, about every three years for women
in their 20s and 30s and annually for
women age 40 and older. Studies show
that the mortality rate of breast cancer is
decreased by as much as 20 per cent in
women between the ages of 40 and 64 who
have regular clinical breasts exams.
Annual Mammogram after the age of
40: The key role of mammography is iden-
tifying a site of breast cancer early in its
development when it is very small. This
early detection is often a year or two
before it is large enough to be felt as a
lump. A mammography may be recom-
mended at an earlier age if there is a strong
family history of breast cancer or other
risk factors.
When all three methods of detection,
breast self exams, mammograms and phys-
ical exams, are used together in a planned
programme, over 90 per cent of the occur-
rences of breast cancer can be identified.
To learn more about breast cancer and
other types of cancers attend the Doctors
Hospital's distinguished lecture series, a
free public lecture on October 20, at 6pm.
Dr Theodore Turnquest will be the speak-
To make a reservation and to obtain a
free "Caring for your breast" booklet, call
the marketing department of Doctors Hos-
pital at 302-4707 or 302-4603.
Warning signs of breast cancer:
Changes in the breast that do not dis-
appear a lump, thickening, swelling, or
Irritation of the breast skin
Nipple distortion, retraction, or scaliness
Discharge from the nipple.

Obesity -

to youl

HAVE you carried
around a five or ten pound
bag of sugar or similar item
recently? That is the extra
burden on your body and
heart when you carry extra
pounds of body fat. Many
health problems are linked
to obesity and adult weight
gain, including high blood
cholesterol levels, heart dis-
ease, stroke, high blood
pressure, diabetes, some
forms of cancer, arthritis,
breathing problems and oth-
er illnesses.
Losing five to ten percent

a hazard

r health

of excess body weight is
enough to lower the risks for
many chronic diseases. Even
this small shift in weight
helps lower blood pressure,
total LDL (bad) cholesterol
and triglyceride levels as
well as normalize blood sug-
ar levels.
In addition, weight loss
may have positive emotion-
al benefits. For help in
developing a weight loss
plan that is right for you,
contact a dietitian or talk to
your doctor.
Source: Doctors Hospital

T avrisi

Mammography: why

you should not wait


Weghtaitches f heB aham- as tolauc

lanmak ublic service programm


Rotarians donate blood in

joint drive with hospital

octors Hospi-
tal and the
Rotary Club
of East Nassau
recently united
in an effort to raise the hospi-
tal's blood reserves with a joint
blood drive. The Rotary motto,
"Service Above Self", was
demonstrated as Rotarians act-
ed in kindness by providing one
selfless act, donating blood.
The blood bank team was
able to collect thirteen units of
blood and although that may
seem like a small number, thir-
teen units of blood can save
more than fifty lives as the
blood is separated into three
products; red blood cells,
platelets and plasma.


"We all expect blood to be
there for us, but only a frac-
tion of those who can give do.
Yet, sooner or later, virtually
all of us will face a time of great
vulnerability in which we will
need blood. And that time is
all too often unexpected. We
would like to thank the Rotary
Club of East Nassau for their
service above self," said
Michele Rassin, assistant vice
president of operations, Doc-

tors Hospital.


Doctors Hospital took
advantage of the opportunity
that the blood drive created to
present an award to Rotarian
William Pyfrom. A very spe-
cial donor, Mr Pyfrom received
a token of appreciation for his
unselfish acts as a regular
donor, donating sixty four pints
of blood to date. Mr Pyfrom
began donating blood at Doc-
tors Hospital in 1990, and
because of his contributions has
saved one hundred and nine-
ty-two lives.
Persons interested in assist-
ing the community by donat-
ing blood should remember
that donors must be between
the ages of 17 and 65 years old.
Donors must be in good health
and weigh at least 110 pounds.
It is advisable to eat a well bal-
anced meal one to four hours
before giving blood. Beginning
two days prior to donating, and
especially on the day of dona-'
tion, drink plenty of fluids, such
as water or juice. Also, allow
eight weeks between dona-
tions. For information on giv-
ing the gift of life, call Doctors
Hospital blood bank at 302-

* EVANGELINE McDonald (left), medical technologist at Doctors Hospital, prepares
to take blood from Patrick Rollins, president of the Rotary Club of East Nassau.

heal h

0 DOCTORS Hospital pressure and cholesterol
Disti isture testing is available. For more
Serie shd info call 702-4646 or 327-

: V-
Onco e 2878

October 20 at 6pm in the Education for Autism and
Doctors Hospital confer-. related Challenges meets
ence room. The lecture will from 7pm 9pm the second
focus on health issues relat- Thursday of each month in
ing to cancer and is free to the cafeteria of the BEC
the general public. Free building, Blue Hill Road.
blood pressure, cholesterol
and glucose screenings will U MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
be performedbetween S pm Bahamas meets the third
and 6pm. To ensure avail- Monday every month, 6pm
able seating RSVP 302- @ Doctors Hospital confer-
4603. ence room.

Fun/Run/Walk: Doctors ic Association meets every
Hospital will be hosting its third Saturday, 2.30pm
annual Fun Run/Walk on (except August and Decem-
Saturday October 22, at 7am ber) @ the Nursing School,
in the Doctors Hospital Grosvenor Close, Shirley
Shirley Street parking lot. Street.
The run will be followed by
a health fair and exhibition 0 DOCTORS Hospital,
in the conference room fea- the official training centre
turing free blood pressure, of the American Heart
cholesterol and glucose Association offers CPR
screenings. For more infor- Classes certified by the
mation call 302-4603. AHA.
The course defines the
M THE Cancer Society of warning signs of respirato-
the Bahamas meets at ry arrest and gives preven-
5.30pm on the second Tues- tion strategies to avoid sud-
day of each month at their den death syndrome and the
Headquarters at East Ter- most common serious
race, Centreville. Call 323- injuries and choking that can
4482 for more information. occur in adults, infants and
0 PRE & POST Natal CPR and First Aid classes
Fitness Classes will be held are offered every third Sat-
on Tuesday and Thursday urday of the month from
evenings at 6.30, beginning 9am-lpm. Contact a Doc-
September 27 at Nassau tors Hospital Community
gymNastics Seagrapes loca-'Training Representative at
tion (off Prince Charles Dnri- 302-4732 for more informa-
ve). Doctor approval is tion and learn to save a life
required. Call 364-8423 to today.
register or for more infor-
Anonymous meets @ 16
N DIABETES Directions Rosetta St, Monday-Friday
- a FREE diabetic support and Sunday, 6pm-7pm &
group meets the first Mon- 8.30pm-9.30pm, and on Sat-
day of each month at urday, O10am-ham & 6pm-
6.30pm at New Providence 7pm & 8.30Opm-9.3Opm; @
Community Centre, Blake Sacred Heart Catholic
Road. Dinner is provided Church, Shirley St, on Fri-
and free blood sugar, blood day at 6pm.


Fo te tris ehn

ne s, eaS Isih

Menopause in women Part One

WHAT is Menopause?
The term "menopause" comes from two JOINING HANDS FOR HEALTH
Greek words that mean "month" and "to
end". It literally translates as "the end of Urinary leakage: Some urinary symp- the doses used for birth control.pills. Ofte
the monthlies". The medical definition of toms may be related to pelvic floor changes women only need HRT for a limited nun
menopause is the absence of menstrua- that may have occurred years ago during ber of years after menopause.
tion (periods) for 12 months. In addition to labor and delivery. As the estrogen level There can be benefits and drawbacks 1
absent periods, menopause also represents drops, further changes can occur. Low the use of HRT. ,
the end of the reproductive life of the estrogen levels may weaken the urethral Benefits: Estrogen can relieve hot flast
woman by virtue of depletion'of ovarian sphincter that helps to hold in urine. If the es, vaginal dryness, urinary problems, ar
follicles or eggs. Simply stated, when there woman has gained weight, it may put more sometimes insomnia. It can also fpomote
are no more eggs found in the ovaries, the strain on the bladder. feeling of well-being; some women fe
woman no longer experiences, a period. It Skin and hair changes: Thinning of hair that it improves memory and concentr
is also characterised by a dramatic decrease and dryness of skin. tion. HRT can reduce the chance of oste4
in the levels of the hormone estrogen. Is menopause always natural? porosis. Estrogen may prevent heart di
Estrogen is the primary female hormone of Menopause is a natural developmental ease, but recent data has suggested th
reproductive life for women. phase of the reproductive life of the female this effect may not be as dramatic as pr
Perimenopause is the transition from body; however, it does not always occur viously thought.
reproductive life into menopause and it naturally. There are some cases where it Drawback to HRT. The Women
can range from 2 to 15 years (2 to 6 aver- occurs out of the natural process of matu- Health Initiative (WHI), conducted a lo1
age), the period, though irregular, is still ration, by unnatural causes. gitudinal study of 160,000 women on ho
seen during this transition. This is the phase What are some of the unnatural causes mone replacement therapy concluded th
in which a woman experiences changes that can result in menopause? overall, the treatment did not provide prc
due to declining levels of estrogen and Chemotherapy tection from cardiovascular problems
progesterone. For some women, the perin- Radiation cognitive decline.
menopausal time can be more troubling Surgery There was a significant breast canc<
than actual menopause. Drugs (GNRH analogues). risk with HRT use greater than four year
What happens during menopause? What can women do about the symp- (No risk under four years).
In American women, the average age toms of menopause (Perimonopause)? Estrogen may elevate blood sugar, cau
for menopause is 51 years. The typical age There are many choices in dealing with headaches and weight gain. It may als
range is 45 to 55 years, and 40 to 45 years symptoms associated with approaching predispose one to Deep Vain Thrombos
is termed early menopause. Women less menopause. These include: (DVT). Women should discuss this wil
than 40 years old are considered to be in Healthy lifestyle changes their care provider.
premature menopause. There are cases Hormone Replacement Therapy Psychological support: For some wome:
where the ovary fails hormonally but there Other medications social support, healthy lifestyle change
may still be viable eggs left. Social support and hormone replacement therapy are n<
How can I tell that I .am going through Therapy. enough. The death or loss of a spous
menopause, or that I am perimenopausal? Healthy lifestyle changes: Regular exer- health changes and other situations ma
Hot flashes are experienced by up to cise may decrease depression and irri- cause stress. Depression and mood swing
two thirds of perimenopausal women. tability. Good muscle tone can also are more common during perimenopau
They usually occur one to five years before improve energy levels and decrease aches than after menopause is well established
the end of menstruation. These symptoms and pains. Some forms of exercise may However, a woman with a history of am
are more severe in women who have had help weight decreased bone loss. A diet iety or major depression may have a reoi
their ovaries surgically removed. It is high in complex carbohydrates, including currence during either of these period
thought that low levels of estrogen causes multiple small meals may reduce irritabil- Counselling may help some women deg
the brain to release a surge of ity and improve one's feeling of well-being. with losses. Counselling may also help
gonadotropin-releasing hormone. This may Social support for depression: Many woman review her life and make decision
be the cause of the hot flashes. A woman women experience menopause as a time of about new directions and interests. If
suddenly feels hot and may perspire pro- increased freedom and new possibilities, woman has a persistent depression or expel
fusely, she may then have a cold chill. Hot As their own children grow up, they may riences sleep, appetite and energy change
flashes are more common at night but can have more time and flexibility. However, or has suicidal thoughts, she may want t
occur at any time of day. They last from a some women experience the empty nest as consider a psychiatric consultation an
few seconds up to an hour. the loss of their central role in life. Loss of antidepressant medication. We will di
Changes in menstrual cycles, a spouse through death or divorce can cuss this topic further next week.
Menses may be heavier, or lighter. There increase isolation. The physical changes For more information o
may be increased or decreased cramping. associated with hormonal fluctuations can "MENOPAUSE IN WOMEN", pleas
There may also be cycle irregularities, be confusing. Menopause may cause some 'call the Bahamas Family Planning Assoc
Eventually, menses lighten, become less women to start to think about the finite ation representative at telephone 325-232
frequent and then stop. nature of life. Supportive friends and fam- or the Health Education Division at telk
Increased perimenopausal symptoms ily can help a woman understand and cope phone 502-4848.
(PMS) such as: with life changes. Reading about It is a natural course of life for women;
Mood changes and irritability: This may menopause or talking to one's doctor can should be expected and accepted as a noi
be more common in women who have had help make the changes less mystifying. mal path of our physical development I
difficulty with PMS. There is some sug- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): recent times, women have become mor
gestion that estrogen levels influence the Taking estrogen and progesterone can help knowledgeable about the changes tha
production of serotonin. some of the symptoms associated with occur. The increase of knowledge ha
Difficulty with memory and attention approaching menopause. The decision to helped to reduce fears and undue stres
span: Some women report difficulty with take hormones is an individual one. A placed upon them during this time of tran
concentrating or remembering specific woman considering HRT needs to consid- action. The entire family should be bette
words. A woman with attention deficit dis- er the severity of her symptoms, her health informed of this eventuality as women
order may first come for treatment at this history and her family history. She may mothers, play a pivotal role in the famil
age because declining estrogen level has also have personal preferences about tak- and what affects her normally affect
exacerbated her ability to concentrate. ing medications. Estrogen is the hormone everyone in the family. Readers are kind
Insomnia is a common complaint of that seems to relieve many of the symp- ly advised to consult their physicians befor
women in perimenopause or menopause toms of approaching menopause. If a they start any of the herbal medicines an
itself. Night sweats may disrupt sleep. Irri- woman has already had her uterus prescription drugs listed in this article.
tability and depression can impair sleep. removed, she may take estrogen by itself.
Reduced sleep can lead to tiredness and However, if a woman with an intact uterus This Column prepared in collaboratio,
irritability during the day. takes estrogen without progesterone, the with Dr. Lorne Charles, Bahamas Famil
Vaginal dryness: Before and after lining of the uterus may build up, and the Planning Association representative
menopause, lowered estrogen levels cause woman may be at increased risk of uterine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecolo
the lining of the vagina to become drier cancer. Thus HRT often requires a com- gy at Princess Margaret Hospital and Mr
and thinner. This may lead to painful inter- bination of estrogen and progesterone. Pamela Bowe, senior health education off
course and decreased interest in sexual The doses of estrogen and progesterone cerfor the Health Education Division, Min
relations., used for HRT are openerllv lower than istrv of Heapth












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on gardening



of the



bGreen Scene
by Gardener Jack

C abbages can be
identified from
their seed leaves
that form a cross.
From this we get the name cru-
cifer, which includes all mem-
bers of the cabbage clan. Cru-
cifers include heading cab-
bages, broccoli, broccoli raab,
Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, cau-
liflower, collards, kale and, of
course, Chinese cabbage.
There are a few rules that
must be adhered to when grow-
ing a successful cabbage crop.
All crucifers are gross feeders
and have to be well fertilised.
They must have uninterrupted
growth, especially in the early
stages of development. When
transplanted they must be
placed in the soil at the same
level as they were removed.
Abide by these rules and you
should be able to grow won-
derful members of the cabbage
Cabbages, are best grown in
soil that has been enriched with
commercial cow manure. This
helps to condition the soil and

enables fertilisers to be more
effective, as well as retaining
moisture. I recommend using
a time-release fertiliser, such
as Osmocote, that can be
worked into the soil ahead of
transplanting. Monthly side
dressings of a 6-6-6 granular
fertiliser can be applied there-
The main use for heading
cabbage in the Bahamas is
making coleslaw. Heading cab-
bages should be transplanted
18 inches apart in rows. It
would be wise not to plant too
many cabbages at one time as
they will all reach maturity at
roughly the same time. If you
figure how many cabbages your
family will need each month
you can plant that many (plus a
few extra to give away) and
then start a new crop the fol-
lowing month.
If in spite of these precau-
tions you find yourself with a
glut, you can prevent your cab-
bages splitting by trimming the
roots with a long, sharp knife
pushed into the ground around
the stem. The same affect can

* BROCCOLI has become an immensely popular vegetable.

"There are a few rules tl
must be adhered to whn
growing a successful cabin
crop. All crucifers are gr
feeders and have to be v
fertilised. They must ha
uninterrupted growth
especially in the early
stages of development

be achieved by twisting the
hat head of the cabbage until the
en roots tear.
Broccoli has become an
hage immensely popular vegetable.
Instead of the large heads of
'OSS broccoli that used to be
favoured, the public now
veil prefers broccoli tips and flow-
erets. Flowerets are produced
*Ve after the main head has been
L, cut, so do not pull up your
broccoli. Flowerets should be
r picked every two to three days
and should give you a harvest
* "for at least two months.
- GJack There are broccoli varieties
that are specifically grown for
flowerets and do not produce

heads. Calabrese is one such
Cauliflower grows very well
during our winter months.
When the white head begins to
form, the long leaves should be
tied around it in order to
exclude light and keep the head
nicely blanched. The leaves
should be untied every day and
the head inspected because this
is the time when they are sus-
ceptible to attacks from grubs.
The head forms very quickly
and should be picked when the
curds are all fused together.
Once the curds separate 'the
cauliflower is past its best. Pull
the plant out of the ground
once the head is cut.
Kohlrabi is a very useful'veg-
etable. It can be used raw, cut
into french fry pieces, it can be
grated into salads and slaws
and best of all, it can be juli-
enned and added to stir fry
dishes. Kohlrabi keeps its crisp-
ness even when boiled..Pull
your kohlrabi when they are
the size of a baseball. They can
get corky if left in the ground
too long.
Brussels sprouts, unfortu-
nately, are rarely a successful
crop in the Bahamas. The
sprouts tend to be small and
bitter and lack that sweet nut-
tiness which is the hallmark of
a good Brussels sprout.
We'll discuss Chinese cab-
bage when we consider lettuce
later this month.



0 KOHLRABI is a very versatile relative of cabbage and can be used both raw a u .uus.i.

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