Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau Bahamas
Publication Date: August 20, 2005
Copyright Date: 2005
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00186
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850

Full Text





Volume: 101 No.220 SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 2005 PRICE -50

,. i

ic e

Passenger killed in

plunge over ledge


A 16-YEAR-OLD Lyford
Cay resident was killed in an
horrific traffic accident Thurs-
day night when the SUV he was
in plunged over a ledge near
Orange Hill.
The death of Randy Hoffer,
son of Norman and Helen Hof-
fer of the well-known Hoffei-
sport store on Bay Street, marks
the country's 39th traffic fatali-
ty so far for the year.
Police press liaison Inspector
Walter Evans said the accident
occurred after llpm Thursday
when Pascal Hammerer lost
control of the white Grand
Cherokee Jeep licence 66757 -
that he was driving. Randy was
a passenger in the SUV.
"The occupants were travel-
ling west on West Bay Street in
the area of Orange Hill when
the vehicle ran off the road and
went overboard," said Mr
According to Mr Evans,
while the driver was taken to
the hospital and later dis-
charged, Randy, who was eject-
ed from the Jeep, died of his
injuries at the scene.
Harold Hoffer, Randy's
grandfather, described his
grandson as "an easy going, nice
boy who never did anything out
of the ordinary".
"This was a freak accident, a
freak accident, man. His par-
ents are in shock because this
was their first son. His father is
not taking it well at all. Norman
had to go and identify the body
(yesterday) morning," Mr Hof-
fer said.
Recalling what he knew of
the accident, Mr Hoffer said:.

"My understanding is that they
were riding along the dark road
and it was raining when they hit
a pothole near Travellers' Rest
(restaurant) and slipped over
the steep embankment. They
went over the side and the car
rolled on Randy. Randy was
killed instantly. That area is
dangerous because they (gov-
ernment) don't have any lights
and guard rails there."
He said that Randy had just
returned from a family trip to
Montreal, Canada a week ago
and was preparing to return to
boarding school in New York
this weekend.
Yesterday, The Tribune
spoke with several friends and
employees of Hoffersport store
who described Randy as "a
down to earth guy".
Rashad Gomez, a salesman,
said: "I only knew him for two
weeks but he was cool and
could sit and talk to anybody.
For the two weeks I knew him I
found him to be one of the
nicest persons I have ever met."
An employee, who knew
Randy all his life, described him
as being "sweet, very funny, and
one of the most friendly peo-
ple I could think of".
I "He-just knew how to deal
with people. Everyone here
loved him to death, he was one
of our favourites," she said.
Several others said that when
they heard the news of his death
yesterday morning they cried.
A manager who knew him
for 14 years described him as a
"good guy" who will be deeply
missed. "When I came to work
and heard that, I couldn't take.
that. Everyone in here is sad
SEE page 11

* HEAVY equipment is stopped after trying to cross the bridge with twice the regiilated weight Mario Duncanson/ Tribune Stafi

Crane breaks down on PI bridge

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE Bridge Authority has promised
to push for the full prosecution of a local
construction company after one of its
35-ton vehicles broke down on the Par-
adise Island to Nassau bridge, creating
structural strain and a massive traffic jam
shortly after morning rush hour yester-

The exit bridge's limit for heavy equip-
ment vehicles is 15 tons.
Bridge Authority chairman, Edward
Fitzgerald told The Tribune that the inci-
dent had caused tremendous strain odh
an already stressed bridge and was .an
outright breach of the law.
He explained that the Bridge Author-.
ity was alerted shortly after 9am on Fri-
day that a flat bed truck carrying a crane
had broken down about an hour before,

creating a massive traffic jam.
To make matters worse, it was discov-
ered that the truck was more than twice
the legal weight for the exit bridge, said
Mr Fitzgerald.
"The weight limit for heavy equipment
vehicles is 15 tons on the old bridge. This
truck weighed 35 tons," the chairman
SEE page 11

Woman arrives seeking some

answers on missing husband

Chief Reporter
AN AMERICAN woman who believes
she may have lost her husband to the
Bahamas' nefarious 1980s drug trade has
returned to the country in hopes of closing
the final chapter on a tragic part of her life.
Donna Weaver spoke to The Tribune
yesterday about her 22-year quest to dis-
cover what happened to her husband after
he came to the Bahamas on December 2,
1983 on a mechanics job to repair a plane.
This would not be her husband's first trip
to the islands, but sadly the day before
their first wedding anniversary it would be
the last trip he would make to the Bahamas
and the last time he would speak to his
"He was a great diesel mechanic and he
went to the Bahamas on several occasions
to fix planes and boats. What he would do
is buy the parts here, get the receipts and
everything, and bring them to the
Bahamas," she said.
She knew very little about .this .last trip
whichwould take her husband away from
her arid their two daughters, only that Mr.

Weaver called from a "big house on the
water", the home of a man called Jeff Fish-
Mrs Weaver then gave The Tribune a
list of people in the Bahamas who may be
able to piece together what is now a frag-
mented story of her husband's disappear-
Some of these names were of persons
who appeared in the 1984 Commission of
Inquiry into the Bahamian drug trade,
which seems to indicate that her husband
may have been a victim of the "wild west"
style 1980s drug running, which was ram-
pant in these islands at the time.
She shares this belief primarily because of
her husband's association with his best
friend, the man who first introduced him to
the Bahamas and the prospect of work.
According to Mrs Weaver this man, who
is still living in the US, was involved in the
drug trade.
In 1983 her husband's best friend had
decided to become and informant for the
US Drug Enforcement Agency, just three
days before her husband went missing in the
Mrs Weaver believes that her husband

may have lost his life in North Andros,
caught in the middle of a botched FBI
investigation called "OperationAirlift".
Since 1983, she has weighed the possi-
bilities, read reports, spoke to persons who
may have known her husband and his best
friend conducting her own investigation in
the hopes of finding some answers.
She had been told on numerous occa-
sions by US law enforcement that the
search for her husband was endangering
herself and her children.
This attempt to discourage her from her
quest frightened and angered Mrs Weaver,
while at the same time firming her resolve
to discover the truth.
"I was made to feel for my children's
safety if I went on trying to find my hus-
band. I .was not told who would hurt my
children, no one told me what danger there
was, or what any of this was about and I
could not be sure in my heart that we would
be safe unless I went on trying to find out
what happened," she said.
In April of this year she came to the
Bahamas and met with Bahamas Royal
SEE page 11

Nassau and.1aliama Islands'Leading Ne war a



-^ % 66 33





More land needed

to cater for low

cost housing plan

THE lack of sufficient land
to facilitate the government's
low cost housing initiative con-
tinues-to pose a problem as the
demand for affordable homes
"When you look at the list of
the applicants you can see that'
it is growing every day," said
Minister of Housing Shane Gib-
Mr Gibson was speaking at
the contract signing for 22 new
low-cost homes yesterday.
"With the resources that we
have, the lack of availability
of sufficient land and the time
it takes to construct a house it
is extremely difficult to con-
struct the number of houses
that we Would want to," he
According. to Mr Gibson, lat-
est reports. show that there are

approximately 8,000 applicants
for low cost homes in New
Providence alone.
He said that the Ministry of
Housing is doing its fair share to
provide affordable housing,
however statically, is not mak-
ing as significant an impact as
could be wished.
He said that the ministry is
still seeking ways to construct
more affordable and quality
"Our satisfaction cannot be
celebrated as we have too may
persons still not able to afford
homes," he said.
Yesterday, the minister was
on hand to participate in a more
than $1 million contract signing
for the construction of 22 new
low cost homes in the Engler-
ston and St Cecilia constituen-
Nine will be built in Engler-
ston and 13 in St Cecilia.

The project has been divid-
ed between seven local con-
tractors, who have been given
90 days to complete construc-
The project will commence
on August 29 and is expected
to be completed on November
It will entail the construction
of 21 three bedroom, two bath
homes at the cost of $57,600
each, and one two bedroom,
one bath home at the cost of
"We expect all of the new
home owners to be in their
homes by Christmas and I think
that is a fitting gift as some of
them have been waiting in
some cases over 10 years to
occupy these homes," Mr Gib-
son said.
According to minister Gib-
son, these homes will be built
on scattered sites which are usu-

* MINISTER Shane Gibson
ally allocated for persons qual-
ifying for homes under the
$75,000 mark.
He said that he is not certain
of the cost of each individual
lot, but noted that the cost of

the lots would be subsidised by
50 per cent. This means that the
home owners will be charged
half the cost of the property in
addition to the cost of con-

Mr Gibson said that the Min-
istry of Housing has already
applied for the acquisition of
100 additional lots for the con-
struction of homes in inner city

Parliamentary hopeful backs setting

up of US-style primary elections

Tribune Freeport
FREEPORT Developer
Michael Edwards'believes that
the FNM should implement a
primary or "run-off" election
similar to those in America
when selecting candidates to
run in general elections.
Mr Edwards has indicated his
intention to seek nomination as
the party's candidate for the
Marco City constituency in the
2007 general elections.
So far, he is the only party

member in Freeport who has
publicly announced his inten-
tion to seek nomination as a
candidate for Marco City.
"If there is more than one
person offering themselves to
stand as the FNM candidate in
Marco City, I am sure that the
party will formulate a system of
rules and guidelines with the
input, assistance and agreement
of all concerned," said Mr
The next general elections are
slated for 2007.
The developer said he is con-
fident that should a primary or

run-off election be endorsed,
he would be selected to carry
the FNM's flag in Marco City in


Mr Edwards is no stranger to
politics and has served the FNM
for many years.
He served the party in Grand
Bahama at the branch level and
subsequently served as Nation-
al Chairman of the FNM.
According to Mr Edwards,
when the FNM won the gov-

A well established Bahamian-owned business is looking for a Financial Controller.
Applicants must demonstrate their ability to handle the entire accounting cycle including
the preparation of monthly financial statements. Applicants must possess a Bachelor's
degree in Accounting and a professional designation or at least five years of experience
as a financial controller. Salary commensurate with experience.

Send a-cover letter explaining in detail why you would be right for the position. Please
forward your resume with professional references and phone numbers to:

DA 15662
c/o The Tribune
P.O. Box N-3207
Nassau, Bahamas

ernment in 1992, he worked
hard to ensure that many of the
policies promoted before the
general election were imple-
mented by the new administra-
He encouraged more quali-
fied FNMs to offer themselves
as candidates.
"I believe in the democratic
process. Our party is a party
committed to the democratic
process. Therefore, I would
encourage persons who are
qualified members of the FNM

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to offer themselves as candi-
dates," he said.


Mr Edwards said he is will-
ing to work along with the FNM
to formulate a plan of action
for the good of the people of
Marco City and Grand Bahama.
He stressed that the PLP gov-
ernment led by Prime Minister
Perry Christie has promised so
much, but has yet to deliver on
any of those promises.
Mr Edwards said more atten-
tion should be placed on immi-
gration matters, national youth
development and combating
social ills.
He also noted that since the
PLP took office, no new devel-
opments have been brought to
Grand Bahama.
Mr Edwards said Bahamians
deserve better.



THE man struck and
killed in a traffic accident
on Sunday has been identi-
fied as 68-year-old Samson
Mr Pierre, who is of
Haitian descent and is a res-
ident of Carmichael Road,
became the country's 38th
traffic fatality.
Police Inspector Walter
Evans told The Tribune
that he was identified by a
family member Thursday.
Mr Pierre was hit while
crossing the street shortly
after 9 pm on Robinson
Road near Lincoln Boule-
Police reports indicate
that a red Honda Accord
travelling east on Robinson
Road struck the pedestrian
as he attempted to cross the
street from the southern
He was taken to the
Princess Margaret hospital
where he died shortly
before 1 am on Monday..

FNM hold service to

remember victory

Tribune Freeport Reporter

FREEPORT Free National
Movement supporters on Grand
Bahama will worship at
Freeport Bible Church on Sun-
day, August 21 to commemo-
rate the party's victory in the
August 19, 1992 general elec-
The service will be conducted
by senior pastor Wilbur Outten
and will start at 8.30 am at the
church on West Atlantic Drive
and Adventurer's Way.
Neko Grant, FNM MP for
Lucaya, said the country expe-
rienced the best governance in
its history during the 10 years
that the FNM was in office.
"Some 13-years ago the peo-
ple of the Bahamas demon-
strated their faith and. confi-
dence in the FNM by electing us
to govern the affairs of our

"We are thankful to God for
what He has done for our coun-
try through us as a party. It is
therefore most appropriate that
we should worship to com-
memorate this historic day that
shall forever remain in the
hearts and minds of our lead-
ers, supporters, and the Bahami-
an people in general," he said.
Mr Grant said the FNM is
forever grateful for having being
given the opportunity to serve.
"God willing, we have no
doubt that we will again be
entrusted with the affairs of our
beloved Bahamaland in the riot
to distant future," he said.
Mr Grant invited party offi-
cers, members, supporters, and
the public to join the FNM lead-
ership as they worship at
Freeport Bible Church. He is
requesting that persons attend-
ing assemble at 8.15 am.

IFinancial Advisors Ltd.
Pricing Information As Of; .
19 August 2008

52wk-Hi 62wk-Low SymbolPrevious Close Today's lose Change Daily Vol. EPS $ Div $ PIE Yield
1.10 0.80 Abaco Markets 0.80 0.80 0.00 -0.207 0.000 N/M 0.00%
9.25 8.00 Bahamas Property Fund 9.25 9.25 0.00 300 1.452 0.340 6.4 3.60%
S.60 5.55 Bank of Bahamas 6.50 6.60 0.10 2,000 0.561 0,330 11.8 5.00%
0.85 0.70 Benchmark 0.79 0.79 0.00 800 0.187 0.010 3.7 1.43%
1.80 1.40 Bahamas Waste 1.40 1.40 0.00 .12 0.00 11.1 4.29%
1.15 0.87 Fidelity Bank 1.05 1.05 0.00 0.062 0.040 18.5 3,48%
8.81 6.76 Cable Baharmas 8.81 8;80 -0.01 1,280 0.618 0.240 14.2 2.73%
2.20 1.80 Colina Holdings 1.80 1.80 0.00 0,004 0.000 NM 0.00%
9.08 6.75 Commonwealth Bank 8.50 8.57 0.07 3,413 0.705 0.410 12.2 4.78%
2.50 0.67 Doctor's Hospital 2.24 2.24 0.00 0.452 0.000 5.0 0.00%
4.12 3.85 Famguard 4.12 4.12 0.00 0.428 0.240 9.6 5.83%
10.61 9.19 Finco 10.49 10.61 0.12 2,200 0.670 0.500 15.8 4.71%
9.30 7.00 FirstCaribbean 9,30 9.30 0.00 576 0.695 0.380 13.4 4.09%
9.00 8.31 Focol 8.91 9.00 0.09 1,700 0.675 0.500 13.3 5.56%
1.99 1.27" Freeport Concrete 1.15 1.15 0.00 0.022 0.000 52.3 0.00%
10.20 9.50 ICD Utilities 9.60 9.60 0.00 500 0.526 0.405 18.3 4.22%
S.30 8.25 J. S. Johnson 8.27 8.27 0.00 0.561 0.560 14.7 6.77%
6.69 4.36 Kerzner International BDRs 5.82 5.81 -0.01 499 0.122 0.000 47.7 0.00%
10.00 10.00 Premier Real Estate 10.00 10.00 0.00 2.010 0.760 5.0 7.60%
$2wk-HI Sawk-Low Symbol Bid $ Ask $ Last Price Weekly Vol. EPS $ Div $ PIE YIeld
13.00 12.50 Bahamas Supermarkets 12.25 13.25 11.00 1,488 0.960 9.1 7.25%
10.14 10.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%
60 0.40 RND Holdings 029 054 000 -0066 0,000 NM 0.00%
43.00 28.00 ABDAB 41.00 43.00 41.00 2.220 0.000 19.4 0.00%
186.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 13.00 14.00 13.00 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
0.60 0.35 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.35 -0103 0.000 N/M 0.00%
S2wk-HI 52wk-Low Ftind Name NAV YTD% Last '12 Months Div $ Yield %
1.2454 1.1798 Collna Money Market Fund 1.245429"
2.3810 2.0058 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.381 **
10.4855 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.4855"***
2.2636 2.1330 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 2.263627"
1.1246 1.0544 Colina Bond Fund 1.124578""

BIOX ALL SHARE INDEX- 19 Dec 02 = 1,000.00 YIELD- last 12 month dividends divided by closing pricE
52wk-HI Highest closing price th last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Colina and Fidelit1
S2wk-Low Lowest closing price in last 52 week Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidelitI
Previous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Today's Close -Current day's weighted price for daily volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Change Change in closing price from day to da) EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mthg
Dally Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV $ Dividends per share paid in the last 12 month NIM Not Meaningful
PIE Closing price divided by the last 12 month earningt FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1, 1994 = 10(
" AS AT JUL. 31, 2005f AS AT JUN 30, 2008
* AS AT JULY 29, 200 AS AT JULY 31, 20051 AS AT JULY 31, 200f
. . ,. .. ... . .. . . . : t : : ,;, -: -, ;. :, ,-.- ,



Lawyer claims Majors'

extradition is 'political'

Tribune Staff Reporter
MICHAEL Kemp, the attor-
ney for Dwight and Keva
Major, told the Supreme Court
yesterday that the motives
behind the pair's committal for
extradition are political.
While continuing his submis-
sions for their release, Mr Kemp
referred to a November 7, 2000
edition of The Tribune, along
with other press reports, in
which PLP MP Bradley Roberts
called for police protection as
he felt there was a hit out on
him as well as on the then Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham.
The Tribune's article stated
that Mr Roberts was making
submissions in the House of
Assembly accusing govern-
ment ministers of laundering
the proceeds of drugs through
the company CREM invest-
ments. CREM was to build a
100-room hotel on Long
The report stated that Mr
Roberts said both he and his
son's car were vandalised, and
other press reports stated that
there was a $2 million price tag
on his head.
Mr Roberts went on to
accuse the then minister of
National Security Frank Wat-
son, uncle of Lowell Watson
who was listed as a prime
investor in CREM, of being
aware that the company's pro-
ceeds were from drugs.
Mr Roberts had levelled sim-
ilar charges against then MP for
Long Island Jimmy Knowles.
"There was a change in gov-
ernment in 2002, and a request
for their (the Majors) extradi-
tion in 2003," Mr Kemp told
Justice Jon Isaacs.
He also outlined what he said
were several inconsistencies in
I the extradition committal.
I He explained that the US
penalty sheet listed two charges

E DWIGHT and Keva Major are escorted from cpurt yesterday by DEU officials

against Keva Major, namely
conspiracy to possess drugs with
the intent to distribute, and
attempting to import marijua-
na into the US.
However, Magistrate Linda
Virgil committed her on three
additional charges, two of which
included conspiracy to possess
and import cocaine, he said.
Mr Kemp said Magistrate
Virgil should have committed

his clients based on the US
penalty sheet.
Also, in studying the penalty
sheet against Dwight Major, he
found that the counts against
him listed crimes allegedly com-
mitted in Broward County.
One of the counts against
him read that from August 2,
2002 to on or about January 15,
2003, Dwight Avon Major,
along with Keva Major,

Jonathan Cartwright, and Beck-
ett William Turnquest, know-
ingly combined, conspired, con-
federated and agreed with each
other and with persons, known
and unknown to the Grand
Jury, to import to the US 5 kilo-
grams or more of cocaine, and
100 kilograms or more of mar-
However, said Mr Kemp,
both Majors were at Fox Hill

Prison at the time.
Mr Kemp also argued that
both Turnquest and Cartwright
have already been convicted
and have spent their time, with
one coming home to the
Bahamas next month.
Yet, he pointed out,. his
clients are still being held on
the same charges without ever
being charged with any crime.

now being aided by its first
corporate partner Jones
The advertising agency is
expected to assist in the area
of communication handling
advertisements, as well as by
making some financial con-
tributions to the project
according to CB Moss, chair-
man of the Bain and Grants
Town Tourism Association.
The project, which was inir
tiated last month, is expected
to revive the economy of the
Bain and Grants Town.
According to CB Moss,
members of the Bain and
Grants Town communities
will play an integral role in
this effort.
He said his association
plans to meet with business
owners ibutions those communi-
ties to discuss ways in which
they can become involved in
the tourism project, which is
aimed at attracting visitors
to the area.
The project is also expectwn.
ed to upgrade the environ
mental aspects of Bain and
Grants Town. Mr Moss said

much effort.
With Jones Coimmunica-
tions sigscussng on as a partner,
Moss said that he hopes to
see the project move ahead
even more steadily.
Moss thanked Jones Corsm-
munications for its "speedy
acceptance of the partner-
ship invitation."
According Moss, the spon-

the character of the comanu-
nications cor its mp peany.
nications company."

Bahamians graduate from Cuba

TWO Bahamians are among
the first graduating class of an
international university estab-
lished by the government of
Heads of government from
around the Caribbean have
been invited to Marisol,
Cuba today for the first

graduation ceremony.
The university was founded
to help train health care work-
ers for the region.
In response to a special invi-
tation from Cuba, Prime Minis-
ter Perry Christie is sending
Fred Mitchell, Minister of For-
eign Affairs and the Public Ser-

vice, to represent the Bahamas.
Philip Miller, undersecretary
for trade and economic affairs
in the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, along with Carlton
Wright, Bahamas Ambassador
to Cuba, will also attend.
The delegation is expected to
return on Sunday.

Government 'must do

more on dumping

Tribune Staff Reporter
CITIZENS are doing their
part in the prevention of illegal
dumping and it is now up to
government to take a more
proactive approach, a Hanna
Road taxi driver said yesterday.
Asking for more police pres-
ence and security cameras on
the streets, the concerned taxi
driver, who wished to remain
anonymous, said that a little
more effort from government
would go along way in elimi-
nating the problem.
The taxi driver spoke with
The Tribune yesterday in
response to Environmental
Health Parliamentary Secretary
Ron Pinder's comments regard-
ing New Providence's illegal
dumping problem.
Following the outcry of Han-
na Road residents earlier week,
who complained that piles of
garbage and even dead animals
were scattered all over the area,
Mr Pinder called on the public
to take a more active role in
battling the problem.
However, the taxi driver
claims the citizens are doing
their part and it is the govern-
ment that is falling behind in its,
"When I drive along in my
taxi and I see a dead dog on
Shirley Street in front of the
National Centre of the Per-
forming Arts, I get on the
phone and call the first number
that comes to my mind off-
hand; I call 911, the police, so
that they can contact the prop-
er authorities," he said.
The taxi driver said that
police's ususal response is to tell
him that such incidents do not
come under their purview, and

that he should call the Trans-
port or Health authorities.
"I'm doing my job as a citi-
zen. I'm on a cell phone in my
taxi, what else do you expect
me to do, I initiated it, its their
job to follow-up and call the
proper authorities.
Earlier this week Mr Pinder
said that Environmental Health
officials have cleaned up vacant
lots in the Hanna Road area "at
least three to four times over
the course of the last three-and-
a-half years (at an) enormous
cost to government."
He added that government
continues to respond to envi-
ronmental challenges as best as
it can, but said that the public
needs to become more active

in the effort.
The Hanna Road taxi driver
countered that clean-ups are not
,"What we need is to post
some signs in these areas, and
cameras, they can even be dum-
my cameras just to serve as a
deterrent. We also need police.
"Even tourists that I drive
around have remarked upon
how little police you see on the
streets at night," he said.
"They tell me I'm an ambas-
sador of my country, and yet
when I drive tourists from the
Poop Deck and Sun And
restaurant down the street I
have to show them garbage and
dead dogs. It's not a pretty
sight," he said.

'FF e CTIVEN-at-UGSramAthH,n

REDEYE NEW 1:20 3:20 N/A 6:15 8:30 10:50
40 YEAR-OLD VIRGIN NEW 1:30 N/A 4:30 7:30 N/A 10:40
VALIANT NEW 1:00 2:50 4:50 6:30 8:20 10:30
SUPERCROSS NEW 1:15 3:20 N/A 6:05 8:30 10:55
FOUR BROTHERS C 1:00 3:40 N/A 6:10 8:40 N/A
FOUR BROTHERS C 2:00 N/A 4:40 7:40 N/A 10:50
DEUCEBIGALOW C 1:20 3:45 N/A 6:20 8:15 10:55
THE SKELETON KEY T 1:05 3:30 N/A 6:10 8:20 10:40
MUST LIKE DOGS B 1:30 3:50 N/A 6:15 N/A N/A
STEALTH T 1:00 3:40 N/A 6:00 8:25 10:45
SKY HIGH B 1:10 3:40 N/A 6:10 8:25 10:35

RED EYE NEW 1:30 3:50 6:15 8:20 10:25
MARCH OF THE PENGUIN NEW 1:15 3:40 6:20 8:15 10:20
FOUR BROTHERS C 1:30 3:35 6:30 8:5 10:40
DEUCE BIGALOW C 1:15 3:20 6:00 8:35 10:5
THE SKELETON KEY T 1:20 3:50 6:10 8:15 10:35
SKY HIGH B 1:20 3:30 6:20 8;30 10:30








SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 20u,, i.



The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEONE. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348

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EDITOR, The Tribune

PERMIT me to categorical-
ly state how utterly shocked,
surprised and disappointed I
was upon learning of the deci-
sion to remove the impression
of the late Sir Stafford Sands
from the new, crisp $10
Bahamian note and replace it
with that of the Queen.
While the move by the Cen-
tral Bank to issue a new series
of bank notes, which are
designed to prevent counter-
feit, is most commendable, and
one for which its officers are
to be congratulated; the rea-
sons for concern with regard
to the removal of the likeness
of Sir Stafford Sands from the
popular, well circulated $10
note are twofold.
First and foremost, there can
be absolutely no doubt that Sir
Stafford Sands made a major,
and unique contribution to
developing the economy of
The Bahamas.
Indeed, he took the initia-
tive in laying the foundation
of the four key elements in
bringing about the economic
prosperity of our nation -
year-round tourism, the finan-
cial services of banking indus-
tries, the linking of The
Bahamas dollar to the US dol-
lar and the Hawksbill Creek
Indeed, if it is agreed that
the late Sir Lynden Pindling
did most to influence the
political development of the
Bahamas during the 20th cen-
tury, then it must be acknowl-
edged that Sir Stafford was
the most innovative and influ-
ential in promoting its- eco-
nomic development, thus,'i.n-a
sense most profound,
Bahamians "in all walks of
life today", are beneficiaries
of the efforts of Sir Stafford to
promote the Bahamas as a
premier tourist destination
and tax haven conducive to
the transaction of banking
and financial services.
As such, his human failings
and idiosyncrasies notwith-
standing, it is submitted that
there is no more appropriate
way for the Bahamas to recog-
nise the contributions of the
late Sir Stafford Sands than the
design of its money!
It is recognised, however,
that there are Bahamians who
have reservations because of
the fact that Sir Stafford left
our nation upon the coming of
"majority rule."
This brings me to my second
major concern. If indeed it was
the consensus that the impres-
sion of Sir Stafford Sands be
removed from the Bahamian

$10, why was it not replaced
by that of another Bahamian?
Why should the Common-
wealth of The Bahamas, now
celebrating its 32nd anniver-
sary as an independent nation,
return to placing the impres-
sion of the Queen on its $10
note? Is this not a retrograde
Now, Sir Stafford Sands was
a white Bahamian.Thus, in all
fairness and in recognition of
the role and contribution of
this vital section of the
Bahamian community, if it was
felt that the impression of Sir
Stafford had to be removed,
then, surely, that of a white
Bahamian should have
replaced it.
Careful reflection upon the
recent history of the Bahamas
reveals that there are several
names which could have been
Here, it is submitted that it
would have been most appro-
priate to. have replaced the
impression of Sir Stafford with
that of a white Bahamian of
the stature of the late Sir
George Roberts.
Like Sir Stafford, he con-
tributed to the economic devel-
opment of the Bahamas, by
establishing a major business
enterprise, providing mail boat
services to the Family Islands
and initiatives in the insurance
He was very active in politics
and the government, even
*-iserving as president of the Leg-
islation Council.
A Christian gentleman, he
was respected and loved by
Bahamians of all classes,
colour and creeds.
Such being the case, it is sub-
mitted that the idea of placing
the impression of Sir George
Roberts on the Bahamian $10
note would receive the
approval of all Bahamians.
Yes, if we remove one
Bahamian then choose anoth-
er Bahamian.
One of the proudest
moments of my life was when I
beheld the impression of Sir
Milo Butler on our $20 note!
Taking note of the intention
of "the powers that be" at the
Central Bank to issue new
notes every year until the
series is complete, it would be
remiss of me not to suggest
that, in view of the contribu-
tion of the Church, considera-
tion be given to including a

Ministers of religion who
may be considered include the
Rev Dr H W Brown, the Rev
Dr Reuben Cooper and Bish-
op Michael Eldon.
Is it not quite in order for a
nation, which includes Chris-
tianity in the preamble to its
Constitution, to recognise the
contribution of the Church in
this tangible way? Something
to think about!
In concluding, I return to the
main point of this communi-
cation the removal of Sir.
Stafford Sands from the $10
and replacing him with the
No disrespect is intended to
Her Majesty, but in recogni-
tion of our existence as an
independent nation in the
British Commonwealth, we
retain the Queen's picture on
our $100 "Blue Marlin" note.
So, why, at this state in our
national development, do we
have "to go back" to having
the Queen on our $10 note?
Surely, another Bahamian
national hero could have been
identified in the annals of our
history to place on our $10
note if it was thought prudent
to remove Sir Stafford!
We are no longer a colony!
How can we justify this move
at a time when a prominent
citizen is being criticised for
accepting honours from the
Queen while we are struggling
to establish our own honours
What? Are we so lacking in
Bahamian heroes that we can-
not find another to replace Sir
Stafford on the $10 notes we
use in abundance?
,Good grief, the Rev Sebast-
ian Campbell has been: "a.
voice crying in the wilderness"
earnestly beseeching us to give
due recognition to the host of
Bahamians who, during their
sojourn through this transitory
life, sacrificed their all in serv-
ing this young nation.
Such being the case, it is not
enough for those in authority
to give "lip service" to the con-
cert of Bahamian nationalism.
Rather, they need to demon-
strate, by word and deed, that
they are prepared to make the
necessary effort to preserve
the memory of those Bahami-
ans who gave thpir all in the
service of our beloved
As the good book exhorts,
we must "give honour to those
to whom honour is due."

Grand Bahama
August 2005

NOTICE is hereby given that ROBERT JEAN OF BERNARD
applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The
Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason why
registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should
send a written and signed statement of the facts within
twenty-eight days from the 20TH day of AUGUST,. 2005 to
the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas;

The Public is hereby advised that I, STANLEY SULFRAIN
of Kowena Drive of Claridge Road Subdivision, Nassau,
Bahamas, intend to change my name to STANLEY
ETIENNE. If there are any objections to this change of
name by Deed Poll, you may write such objections to
the Chief Passport Officer, P.O.Box N-792, Nassau,
Bahamas no later than thirty (30) days after the date of
publication of this notice.

NOTICE is hereby given that ALOUIUS THELAMOUR OF
is applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The
Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason why
registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written.and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight
days from the 13TH day of AUGUST, 2005 to the Mirqister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

The Public is hereby advised that I, LEONARDO
MCKINTOSH, of East Street South, Nassau, Bahamas,
intend to change my name to LEONARDO ELIJAH
MCKINTOSH BROWN. If there are any objections to this
change of name by Deed Poll, you may write such
Objections to the Chief Passport Officer, RO.Box N-792,
Nassau, Bahamas no later than thirty (30) days after the
date of publication of this notice.

NOTICE is hereby given that LENY OSCAR OF GOLDEN
GATES II, NASSAU, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 20TH day of AUGUST, 2005 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, RO.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

The Public is hereby advised that I, ROBERT JOHN, of
Bernard Road, P.O. Box EE-16122, Nassau, Bahamas,
intend to change my name to ROBERT JEAN. If there are
any objections to this change of name by Deed Poll, you may
write such objections to the Chief Padsport Officer, P.O.Box
N-742, Nassau, Bahamas no later than thirty (30) days after
the date of publication of this notice.

Energy Efficient

and Cool M- mw ,
iN H R H R O I

Why not have

a Bahamian

hero on note?


PAGE 4, ,' Ai URDAY, AUGUST 20, 2005




Cable Bahamas

soon to launch

digital system

Tribune Staff Reporter
CABLE Bahamas sub-
scribers will soon be able to
"immerse themselves" in hun-
dreds of television channels
through the company's launch
of Oceans Digital TV.
According to Dave Burrows,
the director of marketing and
pay-per-view, the new service
will revoluntise cable television
and entertainment in the
At a press conference yester-
day, Mr Burrows and Erik J
Russell, general manager of
Grand Bahama and Abaco,
explained that Oceans Digital
TV (so named because of the
ocean that flows between and
connects the islands of the
Bahamas) will bring more than
200 digital cable TV channels.
These include 24 pay-per-
view channels, 7 foreign lan-
guage channels, 18 sports chan-
nels, 50 digital music channels,
20 radio stations from the
Bahamas and the world, and
more than 30 movie channels.
"In all, said Mr Burrows,
"Oceans Digital Cable TV will
deliver 300 channels to sub-

The new technology is possi-
ble because of a recently com-
pleted $2 million technical
upgrade investment in Cable
Bahamas' broad-band signal
processing facility.
Mr Russell said the compa-
ny made the move to provide
digital rather than analog ser-
vice for two reasons. He
explained that there is a current
trend toward digital service as
the Federal Communication
Commission in the United
States has mandated cable and
satellite companies to provide
digital service by December
2006. In addition, he said that
new services will allow Cable
Bahamas to make full use of its
submarine network.
Mr Burrows added that digi-
tal services allows subscribers
to enjoy a variety of options not
possible on analog, such as high
definition (HD) TV and video
on demand.
The men explained that basic
cable is also being revamped.
Several channels will be added
and some channels will be
changed so that channels can
be grouped by interest.
The $30 basic cable service
price will not change, despite
the added channels.

Set top customers have the
option of retaining basic ana-
log service or trading in their
old set top box and upgrading
to digital and receiving a $50
If they chose digital, they can
purchase one of two set top
boxes and choose their pack-
age from the selection of new
The first box costs $149.95 or
$99.95 with the rebate plus the
monthly programme fee. The
second option would allow the
viewer to record up to sixty
hours of television, with the
option of recording live shows
or multiple shows at the same
time. The cost of this box is
Mr Burrows said that while
this box may not be an option
for everyone, there are .cus-
tomers who would value the
service and would invest in it.
Oceans Direct TV will only
be available in'four family
islands: Eleuthera, which will
receive it on Monday, Grand
Bahama and Abaco, where it
will be available on October 3
and New Providence, which will
receive service on October 11.
Distribution centres will be
placed on all the islands.

Tribune Staff Reporter
"I am vex because you have millions of
dollars coming into the Nassau airport and it
is still a 'mom-an-pop' airport. I vex because
there is no decent place to sit down and eat at
the airport. I vex because they got the heater
up to 90 degrees, because obvious-
ly there is no AC in the air-
port. I vex because when I
go back to the US they
have one person:
checking passports
with 75 people in .u
line. I vex US
Customs slow ; :
and don't care.
I vex that .
slow and
don't care:
'We'll get
you there,
we just don't
.' I vex that
when you go
to the US ..,
you have to
take off your
shoes and be
strip searched
four to five
times. What? .
Did Bin Laden
and his buddies '
buy waterfront prop-
erty here? I. vex'
because Cancun, with no
Casino, has a beautiful air-
port with AC."

Robert Moore.

"Let me tell you why I vex, my son lives
right by CV Bethel, but instead of doing the
obvious thing and placing my son there, they
want me send him all the way to RM Bailey.
So that mean, I gatta come up with two sets
of bus money, when if he was to go to CV
Bethel, he only two minutes away and could
walk to and. from school. There are a lot of
parents in this same situation and when ever
you go to the Ministry they always gatta give
you some kind of run around. As parents it-is
very frustrating and the ministry need to do

"I went by my aunt on Sunday and she
had a Haitian cleaning her yard. He was
charging her $100 for 3 hours. I could not
believe it. Just to clean the yard, that is more
than some people make who work in banks
or other professions like that.
"I am vexed that some Bahamians think it
makes economic sense to pay people to weed
the yard for them. I told her she needs to
get her grandson to go outside and
weed the yard.
"People need to be aware
that even if some things are

acceptable, you have to
take a stance at some
point. There is a thing
S called pride."


We vex that
when our family
went on a picnic,
we had to endure
the sight of a very
nasty group of girls
having an orgy on a
public beach.
Decent people read
The Tribune so we
won't say what they
were doing. When a
cousin went over to ask
them to stop as they
were in a public place,
they responded:
"Why don't you join us or
better yet, send your wives."
These were young girls and I can-
not believe that they were so slack
and .disgraceful. That is an abomination
of the worst kind and it is a sad day for our
country when our people have no morals,
class or values.

The Smith Family

"Why You


"Big up to the silver medal four-by-four
relay team. Way to hold them yardies and
stay on Jeremy tail."

"A Vex Parent" Track Fans

12:30 Thousand Dollar Bee
1:00 Fun
1:30 Portraits in Black Family
2:00 Wheelin'
2:30 Sports Lifestyles
3:00 Sports Special: Guilty
Flight Night
5:00 Cricket World
5:30 Gillette World Sports
6:00 Ballroom Boxing
7:00 Bahamas Tonight
7:30 Native Stew (Rebroadcast)
8:00 Bahamian Things
8:30 Island Jams
9:00 Verity Records Presents:
Fred Hammond
10:00 Tropical Beat
11:00 The Bahamas Tonight
11.:30 The Lounge
12:30 Community Pg. 1540AM

2:00 Community Pg. 1540AM
9:00 E.M.P.A.C.T.
9:30 The Voice That Makes The
10:30 Morning Joy
11:00 Zion Baptist Church
1:00 Gillette World Sports
1:30 Sports Desk
2:00 In This Corner: John Ruiz
2:30 A Rhema Moment
3:00 Ever Increasing Faith
3:30 Ernest Angley Ministries
4:30 Morning Joy
5:00 Walking In Victory
6:00 Caribbean News In Review
6:30 One Cubed
7:00 Bahamas Tonight
7:30 Video Gospel
8:00 Charles Ellis III
8:30 Zachery Tims
9:00 Finding Peace In Troubled
Times Crusade: Evangelist
Frank Perry
10:00 Turning Point
10:30 Bobby Jones
11:00 Bahamas Tonight
11:30 Gospel Video Countdown
12:30 Comm. Pg. 1540AM
NOE0 N-V 3rsre
therihttomak lstmiut

* Heino Schmid, Monique Moore and Roger Kelty

Artist wins scholarship

A YOUNG artist whose
work in a variety of mediums
wowed a tough selection com-
mittee has become the Lyford
Cay Foundation's first recipi-
ent of the Harry C Moore
Memorial Scholarship for the
Heino Schmid, assistant cura-
tor of the National Art Gallery
of the Bahamas, painter, pho-
tographer, framer, designer and
craftsman, will use his $10,000
award to earn his master's

degree in fine arts at the Utrecht
School of the Arts in Holland.
"I honestly didn't expect the
scholarship," Schmid said.
"I plan to show the team who
selected me and those who rec-
ommended me that I am willing
to go above and beyond with
this great opportunity I have
been given.
"I am not just doing this to
benefit me. I am doing this to
benefit my country and those
who will come after me."

Police release picture

in bid to catch man

POLICE are hoping that
images derived from a video
surveillance system will help
them capture a man wanted in
connection with a rape incident.
Assistant Commissioner of
police with responsibility for
crime Reginald Ferguson said
that because the investigation
is ongoing, he was unable dis-
close where the images were
recorded or say where the rape
took place.
He said that the use of the
footage is not the start of "a
trend", but simply a reflection
of the fact that police are taking
advantage of anything that
could aid in their investigations.
"In- this case were given sur-
veillance photos and we hope
that someone can come forward
and identify the individual.
They may look at the photos
and say that they recognise
someone who wears that par-
ticular chain or something else,"
he pointed out.
The unidentified man is want-
ed in connection with a rape
incident which occurred on
Thursday, May 26.
The man is considered armed
and extremely dangerous.
Persons with any information
about this individual are asked
to contact police at 919, 322-

of the man
3333, CDU at 502-9991 or
Crime Tipsters at 328-877.

Starting From
V. . ....- *.

Motrse Avnue
Phne 22122Fx 2-75

Why you vex?





The 1981 Teachers' Strike

IN January 1981, the
Bahamas Union of Teach-
ers led an unprecedented
nationwide teacher's strike that
brought the country's public
education system to a standstill.
The strike was announced by
BUT president Leonard Archer
at an open air rally on Bethel
Avenue on January 5.
About 1,500 teachers gath-
ered to hear Bahamas Public
Services Union president
Arlington Miller and Bahamas
Communications and Public
Officers Union president
Charles Bethel declare their full
support for the action.
Teachers at government
schools across New Providence
and the Family Islands took up
placards denouncing the gov-
ernment's refusal to grant
requests for salary increases and
improved working conditions.
The strike was declared ille-
gal by government, and four
teachers were arrested that first
morning for obstructing traffic.
By the next day, 37 of the 39
public schools in New Provi-
dence had been affected and all
the public schools in Grand
Bahama were closed.
However former prime min-
ister the late Sir Lynden Pin-
dling stood firm, saying the
funds to satisfy the teacher's
requests were not available.
Over the next three weeks

there were several confronta-
tions and clashes between police
and teachers.
On January 26 the teachers
returned to work but took up
only their essential duties, vow-
ing to do no more until an equi-
table settlement was reached.
On February 2 it was
announced that teachers were
back at the bargaining table,
and the strike officially ended
on February 3, when the BUT
executive committee instructed
its members to resume all
Past and longest serving pres-
ident of the BUT Kingsley
Black told The Tribune yester-
day that the strike was called
off because many of the teach-
ers were influenced by politi-
cians to return to work.
"I was in North Andros at the
time and was district chairman
and we were some of the last
teachers to pull back, and we
were very upset that the per-
sons in Nassau decided to go
back to work, but we decided
that it was for the best before
there was some internal strife."
He said their final settlement
was a $1,200 per annum
increase for all teachers and
while many of the teachers lost
three quarters of their salary for
January, the payoff which
amounted to the largest in the
union's history recouped the

____________AN _.___ ... U ... SIR Randol Fawkes, father of the labour movement,
climbed onto a parked car and attempted to address the
N A STRIKER is carried away by the police throng

* POLICE Superintendent Cyril Josephs, the man responsible
for the arrest of three RM Bailey High School schoolteachers on
January 6, is here .cautioning picketing teachers outside CI Gib-
(Photo: Derek Smith)

mrmmmim Hillside Estates, Baltic Avenue, Off Mackey Street.
0 ~*" P.O. Box SS-5103, Nassau, Bahamas
ONO= Phone: 393-3726/393-2355/Fax:393-8135

11:00AM Mrs. Thirza Dean
11:00AM Pastor Sharon Loyley
10:00AM Ms. Janice Knowles
7:00PM No Service
11:00AM Rev. Baxter Hurley
7:00PM Pastor Martin Loyley
Queen's College Campus
9:30AM Mr. Henry Knowles
8:00AM Connections
9:30AM Mr. Carlos Thompson
11:00AM Mr. Urvan Moxey
7:00PM Dr. Patrick Roberts
'RENEWAL' on Sunday at 10:30 a.m. on ZNS 1
Your Host: Rev. Dr. Laverne Lockhart
METHODIST MOMENTS' on each weekday at 6:55a.m.
Your Host: Rev. Dr. Laverne Lockhart
Saturday, September 3, 2005 Methodist Men's Prayer Breakfast (AB Archer
Youth Centre, St Michael's) -7:00 am
Saturday, September 3, 2005 Leadership Focus Event 9:30 am 2:00 pm,
Epworth Hall, East Shirley Street.
Saturday, September 3, 2005 Appreciation Event for Rev William Higgs,
Ms Felamease Sawyer and Ms Emily Petty. 7:00 pm Radisson Cable Beach
Sunday, September 4, 2005 Conference Pulpit Exchange
Sunday, September 4, 2005 Official Opening of the New Church Year and
Installation Service. Ebenezer Methodist Church. 7:00 Dinm.

I ne Hoiy einost -rayer-Line number is 326-7427
(www.gtwesley. org)
SUNDAY, AUGUST 21st, 2005
7:00A.M. Rev. Dr. Colin Archer/ Sis Katherine Rose
11:00A.M. Sis. Nathalie Thompson/Bro. Ricardo McQueen
7:00P.M. Rev. Dr. Colin Archer/Sis. Mathilda Woodside
Thme imigA ul Dvoio o ess his,"(S.John.6:68.69

* TEACHERS burn an effigy in protest

Collins Avenue at 4th Terrace Centreville
Telephone: 322-8304 or 325-1689 P.O. Box N-1566
Fax No. 322-4793

SUNDAY 8:30am ZNS-1


Temple Time Broadcast
Early Morning Worship
Sunday School For All Ages
Worship Service
Evening Celebration

Selective Bible Teaching Royal
Rangers (Boys Club) Ages 4-17 Years
Missionettes (Girls Club) Ages 4-17.


Worship time: 11am & 7pm
Adult Sunday School: 10am
Church School during Worship Service

Place: Twynam Heights
off Prince Charles Drive

Minister: Rev. Henley Perry

P.O. Box SS-5631
Telephone number 324-2538
Telefax number:324-2587


SUNDAY, AUGUST 21st, 2005

11:30a.m. Speaker: Pastor Marcel Lightbourne

7:00p.m. Evening Service

C Sunday Schoo -9:45am The Lord' S upper.10:45am Community Bible Hour
; -11:30am Radi BroaedcastZNS I :30pm Evening Services 7:00pm
Prayer & Bible StudY-Wed.i 7:30pmirn -Ladies Prayer Thurs. -, 10:00am

Grounded In The Past &
Geared To The Future

Worship time: 11am & 7pm
Sunday School: 9:45am
Prayer time: 6:30pm
The Madeira Shopping
(Next door to CIBC)

Rev. Dr. Franklin Knowles


Rev. Dr Franklin Knowles

P.O.Box EE-16807
Telephone number.325-5712



, . -,r





S E E M 0 N





From emancipation to independence

T time. Thus, white minority rule
N this column over the was a reality here from the
past two weeks, we have inception of this former colony
dealt with the topics: The Insti- and continued into the latter
tution of Slavery and Emanci- part of the twentieth century,
pation from Slavery. In the when majority rule was finally
process, we have covered attained in January, 1967. This
Christopher Columbus' landing state of affairs was maintained
at San Salvador inT9 e--tfJoimore than a century in the
mention of the Lucayan Indi- post-emancipation-era by the
ans he met here upon his employment of several ruses.
arrival, told of the introduction
of African slaves in this region
(an institution that lasted for ollowing its establish-.
some three centuries), and of ment in 1729, access to
their eventual emancipation by the House of Assembly was
the British Government in 1834. controlled by several means.
Today, we will deal with These included limiting the vot-
some of the important events ing franchise to only male heads
that transpired here from that of households (over the age of
first Emancipation Day (August 21 years), and to those persons
1, 1834), and which led ulti- who owned or rented proper-
mately to Independence for this ty. Through the property vote,i
former British colony on July and later the company vote, the
10, 1973. However, what must electoral strength of the black
be borne in mind is the fact that majority was successfully min-
while the Emancipation Act of imised.
-1834-conferredon the_African Yet, despite these impedi-.
slaves the status of British sub- ments, -andas. early as Decem-
jects, it did not automatically ber 17, 1833, Stephen Dillet, a
bestow upon them all the rights man of colour, is believed to be
and entitlements such status the first of his race to be elected
entailed, to the House of Assembly. In
Time and subsequent events 1849, Mr Henry Stevenson fol-
would reveal that it would take lowed Mr Dillet by being elect-
more than a century in the post- ed to represent the island of
emancipation era before the Andros.
rights and entitlements men- Other notable men of colour
tioned above would be fully elected to the House of Assem-n
attained by the descendants of bly during this period were
those African slaves, who now Thomas William Henry Dillet
comprised the vast majority of for the Western District in 1858;
this former British colony's pop- and in 1889, Joseph Elias
ulation. We shall now deal with Dupuch, for the Eastern Dis-
some of the impediments that trict; William Campbell Adder-
prolonged their journey from ley, for the City District; Joseph
emancipation-firstly, to major- William H Deveaux, for San
ity rule and ultimately to the Salvador; and William Parlia-
attainment of Bahamian Inde- ment Adderley, for the City.
pendence. District.
Prior to their emancipation, Concluding the list of those
the white slave masters gener- men of colour who were elected
ally controlled their large slave to the House of Assembly
population through a divisive before the end of the nineteenth
process of indoctrination that century was Mr Osbourne
fostered distrust among them. Anderson, who was elected to
This indoctrination was rein- represent the Western District
forced by the slaves' immersion in 1896.
into their masters' religion. This As matters transpired, access
immersion, we suspect, was not to education would prove to be
always effected with a view to the key to the attainment of
saving their souls; but rather to majority rule by the masses in
suppress their natural instinct the post-emancipation era. In
. to retaliate against the abusive this regard, while the Central
treatment being meted out School, a secondary institution,
against them. existed here prior to Emanci-
The first taken in the freed pation in 1834, access to that
slaves' gradual assimilation into school was controlled by offi-.
Bahamian society was that of cials who were members of the
providig-thTeir-children-aeeess- -_Church of England, which was
to at least a basic education with the established church in British
which they could become better colonies.
equipped to care for them- However, successful protests
selves. An excellent example of by the Methodist and Presby-
this was the part played by terian Churches against what
Judge Robert Sandilands, who they regarded as blatant prose-
owned a large plantation in the lytization, forced the govern-
eastern part of New Providence. ment to reduce the powers of

F ollowing the completion
in 1838 of the four-year
,apprenticeship period mandat-
ed by the Emancipation Act of
-1834, Judge Sandilands not only
freed his slaves; but also sub-
divided his vast estate, giving
each family a plot of land com-
.plete with title deeds to the
However, he did -not stop
there. In 1845, he went further
by donating the land upon
which Sandilands School was
built, for the purpose of edu-
cating the children of his for-
mer slaves. It remained an all-
age institution for more than a
century, before its conversion
into a primary school in the late
It must be borne in mind that
between 1807 and 1834 there
existed in these islands a num-
ber of liberated Africans and
freed slaves. Among the liber-
ated Africans were some who
had already been exposed to
education, and the same applied
to even some of the freed
slaves, who had already com-
menced their assimilation to
Bahamian life at that :
Quite understandably, the
original British settlers and gov-
ernment officials from the Colo-
nial Office controlled both the
political and economic spheres
of life in these islands at the




.Adderley also served as a Min-
ister of Education during the
Pindling administration.
During the first half of the
1900s, racial discrimination and
segregation were both in vogue
in these islands. Many attempts
at uniting the masses at that
time failed, mainly due to the
residue of the divisive indoctri-
nation from the pre-emancipa-
tion era and the plantation men-
tality it had engendered. How-
ever, the participation of
Bahamian blacks in World War
I (during the second decade of
the last century) had exposed
them to better treatment
abroad, and that exposure
inspired them to attempt to rec-
tify their local circumstances in
.the post-war era.

he outbreak of World
A. War II in 1939, and
America's entry into that glob-
al conflict in 1941 following the
Japanese attack on Pearl Har-
bour on December 7, 1941,
necessitated the employment of
thousands of Bahamians as
migrant workers on the many
large commercial farms
throughout the United States
of America. There, they expe-
rienced rank racial discrimina-
tion and segregation. These
painful experiences poisoned
the minds of many of them
towards all whites. This mindset
was to be capitalised on during


enne Dupuch successfully steer
the Anti-Discrimination reso-
lution through the House. This
action ended racial discrimina-
tion in public places in The

The Pindling-led PLP
used the racial issue to
the hilt in its attempt to further
unite the Bahamian masses.
Their racist appeal found fer-
tile ground among the thou-
sands of migrant Bahamian
workers who had been
employed on farms in the
Southern United States, and
even from among those older
ones who had served in both
World Wars I and II.
The party's continued agita-
tion for social and political
reform locally, led first to an
increase of four House seats pri-
or to the 1962 general election,
the first in which women vot-
ed. The PLP won them all.
Then, in 1964, the British gov-
ernment accorded The
Bahamas Cabinet-style, inter-
nal self-government.
Following the 1965 Black
Tuesday episode, in which the
Mace (the symbol of the Speak-
er's authority) and the hour-
glass (that limited a speaker's
time to 15 minutes) were
thrown out of a House window
on to the Bay Street pavement
by Messrs Pindling and Milo
Butler Sr respectively, more

The powers that be feared
that the depiction of a black
Bahamian in such a professional
role was a bit too uppity, and
thus might inspire the masses in
raising their aspirations

the next decade when the Pro-
gressive Liberal Party (PLP)
was founded in November,
One successful attempt at
uniting the masses occurred
toward the end of 1949, the first
year that the secret ballot was
eniployed in a general election
in the Bahamas. The occasion
was a protest by the Citizens'
Committee, headed by the late
Mr Maxwell Thompson and
comprised of others of his ilk,
against the minority white gov-

the Anglican Church in the ernment's ban on the showing
operation of the school and pro- of the movie "No Way Out".
ceeded to establish the Board That film featured our own
of Education in the latter part Sid Poitier acting the role of a
of the 1800s. doctor. The powers that be
feared that the depiction of a
pb black Bahamian in such a pro-
rogress in local educa- fessional role was a bit too uppi-
A tion was marked byse- ty, arid thus might inspire the
eral notable black achievements masses in raising their aspira-
at the turn of the twentieth cen- tions. The Citizen Committee's
- tury. Among these was that of protest succeeded and the film
the late Hon Alfred Francis was allowed to be shown in
Adderley, who was born in 1891 local theatres in early 1950.
and entered Cambridge Unim-. That episode in unifying the
versity to study law in England masses was followed shortly
in 1907. Returning to The thereafter by the formation of
Bahamas in 1919, Mr Adderley the PLP some three years later,
was first elected to the House of becoming the first such political
Assembly in 1923 and contin- party to be formed locally. In
ued what Mr R M Bailey had the subsequent general election
begun in having the Govern- in 1956, the PLP gained six seats
ment High School (GHS), the in the then 29-member House
successor to the Boys Central of Assembly. This marked the
School) established in 1925. advent of political parties in the
Mr Adderley went on to legislative life of the Bahamas.
become one of the foremost With its founding leader Mr
barristers this country has ever Henry Milton Taylor defeated
produced, and could boast of in that contest, young Lynden
having had the late great Sir Oscar Pindling emerged as the
Stafford Sands articled in his new PLP leader and its chief
chambers. His son, the Hon spokesman in the House. Short-
Paul L Adderley, the fourth ly thereafter, the Bay Street
generationof the Adderleychin oys,;who had won 21 seats and
to serve urithe H oise,, :aid' hii thi continued minority control
self an outstanding barrister, of the government, formed
has likewise made his contribu- themselves into the United
tion to our national develop- Bahamian Party, with Sir
ment as a member of the Roland T Symonette as its
'House.'. t: .-i leader. The year 1956 also saw.
Ironically, the younger .Independent member Sir Eti-

constitutional and electoral
reforms were enacted and the
number of House seats were
increased to 38.
Some two years later, major-
ity rule was ushered in following
the January 10 general election.
In that contest, both the PLP
and the UBP won 18 seats each.
The tie was broken when Inde-
pendent member Mr Alvin R
Braynen accepted the Pindling
offer to become House Speak-
er, and Labour member Mr
Randol F Fawkes did likewise
by agreeing to serve as Minister
of Labour in the Pindling Cab-
inet. Thus, the first majority rule
government was one that was
coalition in nature, with the
PLP by its numbers dominat-
ing the same.

S hortly after the attain-
ment of majority rule,
the government proceeded to
abolish both the property and
company votes, and also
extended the voting franchise
to all Bahamians upon reach-
ing their eighteenth birthday.
These actions, despite the con-
tinued practice of constituency
boundary gerrymandering, lev-
elled considerably the Bahami-
an electoral playing field.
The untimely death of Shirlea
MP Mr Uriah McPhee 14
months into majority rule
deprived the PLP-led coalition
government of its one-man
majority. However; rather than
risk a by-election in that mar-
ginal constituency,'the PLP opt-
ed to capitalise on its increasing
popularity by calling a general
election on April 10, 1968,
instead. It was returned with a
handsome majority in that con-
The PLP government then
continued its programme of
building secondary schools
(with free tuition) throughout
the country, while offering

scholarships to deserving stu-
dents to tertiary educational
institutions around the world.
In time, that investment began
to pay rich dividends, as quali-
fied returning graduates were
able to eventually replace expa-
triate workers through the gov-
ernment's rigidly enforced
Bahamianisation policy.
Three short years after major-
ity rule was attained in The
Bahamas in 1967, a split
occurred in the governing Pro-
gressive Liberal Party (PLP).
This division took place when
eight of its parliamentary mem-
bers including four Cabinet
Ministers joined opposition
United Bahamian Party (UBP)
members in a vote of no confi-
dence, moved by Labour mem-
ber Mr Randol Fawkes against
Prime Minister Pindling in the
House of Assembly. The gov-
ernment barely survived with a
narrow four-vote margin.
Led by Mr Cecil Wallace-
Whitfield, these men, who later
became known as the Dissident
Eight, were subsequently
expelled from the PLP at its
convention shortly thereafter in
October, 1970. Other members
of the group included: Messrs
Arthur Foulkes, Warren Levar-
ity, Elwood Donaldson, George
Thompson, Curtis McMillan,
James Shepherd and Maurice
Some of these men, as young
Turks, had been advocating
Independence fdrThe Bahamas
since the, early 1960s, while
members of the National Com-
mittee for Positive Action
(NCPA), an action group with-
in the PLP. It should be noted
that their enthusiasm for
Bahamian Independence did
not garner much support from
the older members of the party
at that time.

Following their expulsion
from the PLP, those
eight men at first formed a
political entity known as the
Free PLP, under which banner
they contested the by-election
in Andros in 1971 brought
about following the death of
incumbent Mr Clarence A Bain.
That election was also contested
by the UBP. Mr Darrell Rolle
emerged as the victorious PLP
candidate. Shortly afterwards,
the Free PLP merged with the
UBP to form the Free National
Movement (FNM).
It was not too long thereafter
that the PLP began its move for
Bahamian Independence, which
was met with strong opposition
from the FNM and its support-
ers. So intense were some pock-
ets of opposition to indepen-
dence at the time that a seces-
sionist movement was spawned
in Abaco, whose members
advocated their desire to remain
within the British colonial struc-
The outcome of all this oppo-
sition was that independence
became a very highly charged
partisan political issue. Thus,
the ensuing September 19,1972,
general election was contested
as a virtual referendum on
national sovereignty for The
Bahamas. The PLP won that
election and shortly thereafter
introduced to the Bahamian
populace a Green Paper on
Independence. After wide-
spread dissemination, this was
followed by the issuance of a
White Paper that outlined all
the details concerning indepen-
Not too long afterwards, the
proposed independence legis-
lation was debated and passed
in the House of Assembly and
Senate, following which the
independent nation known as
The Commonwealth of The
Bahamas came into being on
July 10, 1973, seconds after mid-
night the previous evening.
Thus, following a spectacular
ceremony at Clifford Park on
that occasion, our nation was
born when the Union Jack was
lowered for the final time and
our own black, gold and aqua-
marine flag was initially raised.

tFollowing a bitter elec-
tion campaign the pre-
vious year on the issue of
national sovereignty, indepen-
dence came to a divided country
and, for quite some time in the
years following, its celebration
was regarded and treated as
a PLP event rather than as a
national historic occasion. But,
as we often state, time has a
way of healing all ills. This fact
was clearly observed at this
year's celebration of our
nation's 32nd anniversary.
The appreciable degree of
maturation as a united and sov-
ereign people has over the
past three decades been a
gradual process. During this
time, we have seen the peaceful
transfer, of governmental lead-
ership from the PLP to the
FNM on August 19, 1992, and
back to the PLP on May 2,
2002. In the process, we have
seen two former law partners
change places as Prime Minis-
ters of The Commonwealth of
The Bahamas in the persons of
the Hubert A Ingraham and
Perry G Christie.
Over these past 32 years, we
have produced a Bahamian
Archbishop of the Anglican
Province of the West Indies, in
the person of His Grace the Rt
Rev Drexel Gomez, and a
Bahamian Archbishop of the
Roman Catholic Church in this
area also, in the person of the
A Re Patrick Pinder.
In sports, we have produced
Olympic champions such as
sailors Sir Durward Knowles
and Cecil Cooke, our track
stars, Golden Girls (Pauline
Davis Thompson, Eldece
Clarke Lewis, Savatheda Fynes,
Chandra Sturrup and Debbie
Ferguson), more recently,
Tonique Williams-Darling, and,
just this week, our men's relay
team that won for us a silver
medal at the World Games,
held in Helsinki, Finland. We
have even produced a United
States Open tennis champion
in Mark Knowies. All of these
athletes have become our
national heroes, having brought
great international recognition
to our beloved little country,
and in the process given us
all more reason for being proud
to be Bahamian.

o great has been our
maturity as a sovereign
people that, a few years ago,
our former High Commissioner
to Great Britain and distin-
guished diplomat Sir Arthur
Foulkes admitted on national
radio that the FNM's opposi-
tion to independence in 1973
was not borne out of any mis-
givings about national sover-
eignty, but was rather due to
the fact that they did not wish to
see it attained under the Pin-
dling administration. In this
regard, Sir Arthur spoke for
thousands of others who now
identify themselves as being
proud Bahamians.
Therefore, when one looked
at all the flags, bunting and oth-
er trappings that so beautifully
adorned government buildings,
churches, business establish-
ments, private homes and
roundabouts throughout this
island over the recent indepen-
dence holiday weekend, one
could almost touch the patrio-
tism and national pride they
depicted and exuded although
intangible in nature. So great
has been our maturation as a
people over these past 32 years.
Thus, the above represents an
historical depiction of the road
that we as a people have
trodden from Emancipation to
Bahamian Independence, a 139-
year journey from August 1
1834, to July 10 1973.
Think on these things.

(George W Mackey's book
"Millennium Perspectives",
a compilation of Viewpoints
and other interesting topics,
is available at leading bookstores
locally. E-mail: georgewmack-





Cocaine: t

of 1980s

he scourge


An American woman's 22-year lone crusade to

discover the fate of her husband, who was

apparently shot dead and buried alongside an

airstrip in Andros, serves as a chilling reminder

of the depths to which the Bahamas sank in

the 1980s, when the islands were a sewer

through which the filth of the Colombian drug

trade flowed every day. INSIGHT reports...

THE pert and pretty Donna
Weaver now believes she knows
what happened to her husband
Gary, who vanished 22 years
ago on the large, sparsely pop-
ulated island of Andros.
He was gunned down in cold
blood alongside an island
airstrip, then hurriedly buried in
a makeshift grave.
In the climate of the times,
his death was of little account,
especially for those caught up in
cocaine trafficking.
"People get shot in the
Bahamas every day," said a
drug-runner during those bad
old days when Colombian thugs
had many Pindling government
officials in their pockets and
used the islands as their per-
sonal domain.
Mrs Weaver's mission to find
out the whole truth about her
husband's fate a mission now
being helped by Bahamian
police ought' to prove a salu-
tary experience for a new gen-
eration of Bahamians.
For it serves as a reminder of
how low the Bahamas sank,
how abysmally discredited the
country had become, under the
corrupt and corrosive rule of
Sir Lynden Pindling.
Carlos Toro, a public rela-
tions aide and general factotum
for the Colombian drug lord
Carlos 'Joe' Lehder, put it sim-
ply in an interview with a US
television network, PBS.
Lehder, he said, had
"bought" the Bahamas govern-
ment, funnelling "tons of mon-
ey" his term into the pockets
of corrupt politicians, lawyers,
policemen and government offi-
Pindling himself, he alleged,
was receiving heaps of money
directly from Lehder and a fund
created by the Colombian drugs
cartel run by a tight group of
drug-dealing families.
In return, Lehder and his
thugs were given virtual carte

blanche to run cocaine through
the islands to the United
States, where it was sifted
through a chain of dealers into
multi-million dollar street
Specifically, it allowed Lehder
to use the small island of Nor-
man's Cay, in the Exumas, as a
clearing house for South Amer-
ican drugs and as a whore-
house in which his cohorts
engaged in scenes of almost

If the Bahamas
police are
belatedly able to
offer closure to
Mrs Weaver,
even after two
decades, it will
go some way to
easing the

unimaginable debauchery.
Mrs Weaver's quest for the
truth in which she at first met
obstacles at every turn, includ-
ing from the FBI itself lifts the
lid on an era when the Bahamas
became virtually a pariah state,
a squalid cesspit of third world
avarice which earned the con-
tempt of all.
Mrs Weaver's mechanic hus-
band, Gary, was somehow
caught up in Operation Airlift,
San FBI drug-smuggling inves-
tigation which went haywire,
mainly because of corrupt
He had been offered a
chance to repair a plane and
earn extra money for his family.

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But he never returned.
Since then, Mrs Weaver has
painstakingly'investigated the
Airlift operation and reached
some .unsettling conclusions.
One is that her husband was
gunned down and disposed of,
possibly by a federal agent cor-
rupted by the obscenely large
sums of money changing hands
at the time.
If the Bahamas police are
belatedly able to offer closure
to Mrs Weaver, even after two
decades, it will go some way to
easing the nation's conscience.
For the 1980s was a dis-
graceful episode in Bahamian
history and one entirely attrib-
utable to the the government
of the day, which presided over
a disturbing decline into utter
Carlos Toro was not the
criminal type, but his involve-
ment with Lehder, whose
Medellin cartel was at the cen-
tre of the Colombian drug trade
at that time, gave him a unique
insight into how the business
Lehder, who became inter-
nationally notorious before
eventually being jailed by US
authorities, was a capable pilot
with extensive knowledge of
the Caribbean islands.
He was also a charismatic
character who charmed others
into co-operating with him in
creating a drug route from
South America to the US,
where the most lucrative
cocaine markets were.
What he needed were refu-
elling opportunities enabling
smallish planes to drop off drug
cargoes for transshipment. In
the Bahamas, opportunities
were offered up in abundance,
mostly with the co-operation
of those in power.
Islands and cays throughout
the nation became "stepping
stones" to the States for the
smugglers whose planes and
boats did their best to evade
the law. I
Few areas of the Bahamas
were left untainted by the
Colombian drug trade, and the
poison left behind infects the
nation's system even today.
But it was at Norman's Cay,
and on Andros and Bimini, that
it was most deeply felt, cor-
rupting entire societies and
leaving behind a vile legacy.
Once drugs took hold on the
Bahamas, they spawned an era
of guns, corruption, rising crime
and rampant amorality.
In smoothing the way for
drug-traffickers, Lehder's men
identified the weak and exploit-
ed their weakness to the limit.
Toro flew into Nassau with
the specific purpose of cor-
rupting politicians, bankers,
attorneys and policemen with
the kind of money they found
difficult to refuse.
Before long, he had on
Lehder's behalf bought offi-
cial co-operation in trafficking
hundreds of tons of cocaine
through the Bahamas to Florida.
All authorities had to do was
turn a blind eye to drug ship-
ments and, when appropriate,
tip the drug-runners off when
US investigators were on their
The extent to which this for-
mula worked is best exempli-
fied in the four years Lehder
and his gang operated from
Norman's Cay.
It was here that the blue-
chinned Colombians, with their
sinister shades and heavy
machine-guns, drove out the
few people who lived there and
took control, transforming an
enchanting outcrop of limestone
rock into a passable impression
of Sodom and Gomorrah.

* A CRACK cocaine addict interviewed by the Tribune in 1984, showing off his 'bubbler'while
consuming a $1 'rock'

* SEIZED drugs planes grounded in Nassau in January 1982. Thei tyres have been slashed to
prevent them being stolen.

The idea was that Norman's
Cay would become not only the
main "warehouse" for cocaine
traffic, but also the heavenly
spot where Lehder and his men
could whore around to their
hearts' content.
If the Drug Enforcement
Agency ever detected their
presence, the early alert system
would spring into operation,
ensuring that the investigators
would find nothing but empty
beaches and abandoned build-
The deal got underway in
1977 and continued, with vary-
ing degrees of satisfaction on
both sides, until the early 1980s.
At its height, the Norman's
Cay story reached lurid extremes.
Sex orgies abounded on the
beach, with groups of males and
females switching partners on a
wave of booze. The Colombian
villains saw the island as their.
personal playground.

Inquisitive outsiders put their
own lives at risk. Once, a corpse
was found on a bloodstained
yacht which strayed too close.
Meanwhile, other islands
were being utilised as the
Colombians organised a distri-
bution network all the way from
the South American shoreline
to the edge of Miami.
At one point, planes were
landing at Norman's Cay almost
hourly to unload their deadly
cargoes before refuelling for the
long trip back to South Ameri-
ca. One missed the runway and
ended up in the sea. Its corrod-
ed hulk lies there to this day,
monument to a shameful time.
Lehder became so confident
of his status in the Bahamas, so
utterly contemptuous of the
country's politicians and.peo-
ple, that he ran the island like a
personal fiefdom.
Norman's Cay was effectively
outside Bahamian law, a hide-

away for ruthless bandits, loose
women and the hired hoodlums
who patrolled its beaches to
keep other people away.
It became a key link in
Lehder's scheme to revolu-
tionise the cocaine trade by
using aircraft, instead of human
"mules", to smuggle drugs into
the US.
By these means, he was able
to boost the quantity of cocaine
reaching the mainland, and thus
the enormous revenues gener-
ated by the trade.
Lehder bought property, built
a hotel, laid a 3,300-foot run-
way and set up a refuelling post
for the fleet of planes he used to
haul drugs from Colombia.
His bodyguards kept packs
of Doberman attack dogs in
case Bahamians were foolish
enough to intrude.
Meanwhile, Bahamian author-
ities looked the other way.
Those were the days when
""*'^^NS: f"

* A SHIP which was discovered to be carrying drugs found at Deep Water Cay in 1975

13-22 1722"25






SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 200b, r ,-,cu


* COCAINE weighing 275 pounds is dissolved in buckets of salt water and dumped into the ocean from the Royal Bahamas Defence Force boat Inagua. In later years the Inagua would become infa-
mous after a quantity of cocaine seized by the boat's crew 'disappeared', causing US authorities to lose faith in the Defence Force.

the first world media scoffed at
the Bahamas as "Paradise Lost"
and a "Nation For Sale". It was
a country sinking, they said, in a
quagmire of post-colonial cor-
ruption, its politicians stereo-
types of those who were run-
ning former African colonies
into the ground.
Pindling, once seen as a "mes-
siah" at the helm of a young
black nation, was now viewed
by erstwhile admirers in the first
world as just another squalid lit-
tle crook on the take.
The Norman's Cay horror
might have continued longer
had it not been for the coura-
geous some would say reckless
- intervention of the Bahamian
politician Norman Solomon.
Confronted by Lehder's gun-
packing brutes as he swam
ashore, Mr Solomon forced offi-
cial action through the House of
Assembly, and police swooped
to retrieve the isle from
Lehder's clutches.
What wasn't known at the
time was the level of complicity
involved. It needed a commis-
sion of inquiry to rip the veil
aside and reveal the disturbing
The Bahamas had fallen so
far in those days that there was
hardly an area of government
that was not tarnished by the
Colombians' presence.
Mrs Weaver's inquiries high-
light just one aspect of the drug
trade, the gratuitous killing that
results when deals go wrong
and greedy people get in each
other's way.
No-one knows yet why Mr
Weaver died. He might have
been "blown away" because he

had stumbled into something
he did not like. Fear of expo-
sure prompted drug traffickers
into diabolical acts. Internecine
warfare among conflicting fac-
tions was just one aspect of the
drug era.
For the Bahamas, though, the

once seen as a
"messiah" at
the helm of a
young black
nation, was
now viewed
by erstwhile
admirers in
the first world
as just another
squalid little
crook on the

1980s drug trade left another
more appalling legacy a
descent into drug-related crime
in all its forms, a massive pro-
liferation of guns, and an explo-
sion of health and social prob-
Not all .the drugs moving
through the Bahamas at that
time continued northwards into

the US. Some were bought and
sold locally, and they quickly
took a hold on the local popu-
Bahamian psychologist Dr
Timothy McCartney called for
urgently-needed new treatment
facilities in 1984 because Sandi-
lands was inadequate for surg-
ing numbers of drug addicts.
He said a new 500-bed hos-
pital would not be sufficient to
treat the number of Bahamians
falling victim to addiction.
Many young people committed
suicide because they were
unable to cope.
The doctor said it was not
uncommon for young women
to allow seven to ten men have
intercourse with them at one
time to get enough money for
one hit.
And he talked heartrending-
ly of a nine-year-old being treat-
ed for cocaine addiction, and
of caches of white powder being
found at a primary school.
Drugs had percolated through
Bahamian society with destruc-
tive haste, affecting all age and
social groups.
The need for a cocaine or
heroin fix is so powerful, so irre-
sistible, among addicts that they
will resort to anything to
achieve it, said the doctor. Theft
and violence inevitably result.
Moreover, a drug-induced
"high" is itself a danger to the
user and others, and Dr McCart-
ney cited a male patient who
raped 27 women, largely while
under the influence of drugs.
The problems which first
became evident in the 1970s
and 1980s continue to infect
Bahamian society today. The

* SEIZED suitcases full of cocaine being escorted by uniformed and plain-clothes police officers
after being presented in court as evidence
(Photo: Franklyn G Ferguson)

drug-raddled remnants of that
era still around to tell the tale
are the lucky ones. Most'have
long gone to their graves. -'
Though the old Colombian
cartels have long since disap-
peared from the Bahamas, and
Norman's Cay is no longer home
to armed heavies, the drug cul-
ture they helped to spawn is still
evident in the heavy-eyed help-
lessness and hopelessness of
those too weak to resist what
the drug era had to offer.

In Bimini, Andros and on' the
streets of Nassau, the spaced-
out, smoked-out relics of the
drug age can still beWse'eeni tii-i'
bling and bumbling their way
through life, most of them ren-
dered befuddled and useless by
their dependency.
Mrs Weaver seeks the
remains of a husband whose
life was taken violently by the
drug trade in a burst of gun-
fire. But most of its victims con-
tinue to die quietly, their minds

and bodies ravaged to the point
of extinction.
Norman's Cay, an idyllic
"place with glorious beaches and
shimmering seas, came to sym-
bolise an age the Bahamas
might want to forget.
But young Bahamians need
to remember what it stood for -
and the enormous damage it
did to this country's name.
What do you think? Fax
328-2398 or e-mail jmar-

.... .6 .

* MORE than 30,000 people attended a march on September 221986 demanding that the drugs
trade in the Bahamas be eradicated


The Teachers and Salaried Workers Co-operative Credit Union
Limited cordially invites all
2005 College of the Bahamas TeackherEducation Graduates
to attend a special meeting at the head office on
Independence Drive and East Street.

The meeting will be held on
Tuesday, August 23rd 2005 at 6:00pm.
All 2005 C.O.B. Teacher Education graduates are encouraged
to attend.

The purpose of the meeting is to discuss the requirement for
membership and our Annual Trainee Teacher Loan program.

I A R w I






0 N




Lifeline: Truth, Music, Life, featuring the
music of Aydee Rolle @ The Buzz on
Wednesday, August 17. Showtime at the
Buzz, located East Bay Street opposite the
marina, upstairs over the old Yahmaha
store, is 10pm; $7 before 9pm, $10 after.

Rendezvous, a two-day event dubbed the
biggest party of the year, featuring music
by DJs from Jamaica, the Bahamas and
New York. Day 1: Saturday, August 20 @
Club Waterloo. Doors open at 8:30pm.
Admission: $20.
Day 2: Sunday, August 21 at Coco Loco's,
Sandyport. Doors open at 12pm. Admis-
sion: $10

.Wild Jungle, each and every Wednesday
night @ Club Trappers, Nassau's "upscale"
gentleman's club. Featuring a female body
painting extravaganza. Free body painting
@ 8 pm. Ladies always welcome. Admis-
sion: Men free before 10 pm. Females free.
There will be free food and hors d'oeuvres
between,9 and 10 pm. Open until 4 am.

Ladies Night @ Fluid lounge, this and every
Thursday night. Doors open at 10pm.
Ladies free before lam, $10 after. Guys:
$15 all night. Drink special: 3 @ $10 (Bacar-
di) Giveaways and door prizes every week.

Saturday Night Li very Saturday night
@ Club Fluid, Bay St. The biggest party of
the week, pumping all your favourite hits
all night long; Ladies in free before 11pm.
Strict security enforced.

Rave Saturdays @ Club Eclipse. DJ Scoobz
spinning the best in Old Skool. Admission
$35, all inclusive food and drink.

Karaoke Music Mondaze @ Topshotters
Sports Bar. Drink specials all night long,
including karaoke warm-up drink to get
you started. Party from 8pm-until.

Reggae Tuesdays @ Bahama Boom. Cover
charge includes a free Guinness and there
should be lots of prizes and surprises.
Admission: Ladies $10 and Men $15.

Hump Day Happy Hour @ Topshotters
Sports Bar every Wednesday 5pm-8pm.
Free appetizers and numerous drink spe-

The Pit @ Bahama Boom, every Thursday.
Doors open at 9pm, showtime 11.30pm.
Cover charge $15. $10 with flyer.

Fantasy Fridays @ Fluid Lounge, featuring
late '80s music in the VIP Lounge, Top of
the charts in the Main Lounge, neon lights
and Go Go dancers. Admission: Ladies free
before 11pm, $15 after; Guys $20 all night.

Dicky Mo's @ Cable Beach. Happy Hour
every Friday 3 for $10 mixed drinks and
$1 shots. Bahamian Night (Free admission)
every Saturday with live music from 8 pm
to midnight. Karaoke Sundays from 8pm to
midnight, $1 shots and dinner specials all
night long.

Twisted Boodah Lounge @ Cafe Segafredo,
Charlotte St kicks off Fridays at 6pm with
deep house to hard house music, featuring
CraigBOO, Unkle Funky and Sworl'wide
on-the decks.

IT'S being called the biggest event of the calypso, Latin, Reggae and Reggaeton music,
year, and any serious partygoer can't miss among other musical styles.
it. Day 1: Saturday, August 20 will be held at
This weekend, Hypermedia Entertainment Club Waterloo. Doors open at 8.30prm.
and Bacardi bring, Rendezvous, an interna- Admission: $20.
tional party to feature the hottest Jamaican, Day 2: Sunday, August 21 will be held at
Bahamian and New York DJs. Coco Loco's, Sandyport. Doors open-at 12pm.
The party will feature the best in soca, Admission: $10.

Wet Sundays, every Sunday, noon-midnight
@ Crystal Cay Beach. Admission $10, ladies

TooLooSe @ Indigo Restaurant on West
Bay St and Skyline Drive. Singer/song-
writer Steven Holden performs solo with
special guests on Thursday from 9pm mid-

The Graham Holden Deal @ The Green
Parrot....David Graham, Steve Holden, Tim
Deal and Friends perform Sunday, 7pm -
10pm @ Hurricane Hole on Paradise Island.

Jay Mitchell and Hot KC @ Palm Court
Lounge, British Colonial Hilton, Wednes-
day-Thursday 8pm-12am.

Sunday Night Interlude @ Briteley's
Restaurant & Lounge, Eneas St off Poin-
ciana Drive. Featuring Frankie Victory at
the key board in the After Dark Room
every Sunday, 8.30pm to midnight. Fine
food and drinks.

Paul Hanna, Tabatha and Gernie, and the
Caribbean Express perform at Traveller's
Rest, West Bay St, every Sunday, 6.30pm-

Now i~ ~THE ARTS M

The National Collection @ the National Art
Gallery of the Bahamas, an exhibition that
takes the viewer on a journey through the
history of fine art in the Bahamas. It fea-
tures signature pieces from the national
collection, including recent acquisitions by
Blue Curry, Antonius Roberts and Dionne
Benjamin-Smith. Call 328-5800 to book
tours. This exhibition closes February 28,

Past, Present and Personal: The Dawn
Davies Collection @ the National Art
Gallery of the Bahamas, Villa Doyle, West
and West Hill Streets. The exhibition is
part of the NAGB's Collector's Series. Call
328-5800 to book tours. This exhibition
closes August 31, 2005.

The Awakening Landscape: The Nassau
Watercolours of Gaspard Le Marchand
Tupper, from the collection of Orjan and
Amanda Lindroth @ the National Art
Gallery of the Bahamas. The mid-nine-
teenth century paintings that make up the
exhibition are part of one of the earliest
suites of paintings of Nassau and its envi-
rons. Tupper was a British military officer
stationed at Fort Charlotte in the 1850s.
The works show a pre-modern Bahamas
through the decidely British medium of
watercolour. Call 328-5800 to book tours.

Doctors Hospital, the official training cen-
tre of the American Heart Association
offers CPR classes certified by the AHA.
The course defines the warning signs of res-
piratory arrest and gives prevention strate-
gies to avoid sudden death syndrome and
the most common serious injuries and
choking that can occur in adults, infants
and children. CPR and First Aid classes are
offered every third Saturday of the month
from 9am-lpm. Contact a Doctors Hospital
Community Training Representative at
302-4732 for more information and learn to
save a life today.

REACH Resources & Education for
Autism and related Challenges meets from
7pm 9pm the second Thursday of each
month in the cafeteria of the BEC building,
Blue Hill Road.


Toastmasters Club 1095 meets Tuesday,
7.30pm @ C C Sweeting Senior School's
Dining Room, College Avenue off Moss
Road. Club 9477 meets Friday, 7pm @
Bahamas Baptist Community College Rm
A19, Jean St. Club 3956 meets Thursday,
7.30pm @ British Colonial Hilton. Club
1600 meets Thursday, 8.30pm @ Super-
Clubs Breezes. Club 7178 meets Tuesday,
6pm @ The J Whitney Pinder Building,
Collins Ave.
Club 2437 meets every second, fourth and
fifth Wednesday at the J Whitney Finder
Building, Collins Ave at 6pm. Club 612315
meets Monday 6pm @ Wyndham Nassau
Resort, Cable Beach: Club 753494 meets
every Wednesday, 6pm-8pm in the
Solomon's Building, East-West Highway.
Club Cousteau 7343 meets every Tuesday
night at 7.30 in the Chickcharney Hotel,
Fresh Creek, Central Andros. All are wel-

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Eta Psi
Omega chapter meets every second Tues-
day, 6.30pm @ the Eleuthera Room in the
Wyndham Nassau Resort, Cable Beach.

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity meets every
first Tuesday, 7pm @ Gaylord's Restaurant,
Dowdeswell St. Please call 502-4842/377-
4589 for more info.

Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity meets every
second Tuesday, 6.30pm @ Atlantic House,
IBM Office, 4th floor meeting room.

The Nassau, Bahamas Pan-Hellenic Coun-
cil (NPHC) meets every third Monday of
the month in the Board Room of the
British Colonial Hilton Hotel, Bay St.

Nassau Council 10415 Knights of Columbus
meets the second and fourth Wednesday of
the month, 8pm @ St Augustine's Mones-

Nassau Bahamas Koinonia meets every sec-
ond Friday of each month, 7.30pm at
Emmaus Centre at St Augustine's Mones-
tary. For more info call 325-1947 after 4pm.

LOVE, an exhibition featuring Bahamian This exhibition closes August 31, 2005. tive Professionals, Bahamas Chapter meets
artists Jason Bennett, John Cox, Blue Cur- the third Thursday of every month @
ry, Michael Edwards, Toby Lunn and mu HEALTH Superclubs Breezes, Cable Beach, 6pm.
Heino Schmid at Popopstudios and Gallery.
The gallery is located on Dunmore Ave in The Cancer Society of the Bahamas meets AMISTAD, a Spanish club meets the third
Chippingham, 1/4 mile south of the at 5.30pm on the second Tuesday of each Friday of the month at COB's Tourism
Bahamas Humane Society. Gallery hours: month at their Headquarters at East Ter- Training Centre at 7pm in Room 144 dur-
M-F 4.30pm-7.30pm or call 322-5850 for race, Centreville. Call 323-4482 for more ing the academic year. The group promotes
appointment. info' the Spanish language and culture in the
S.. ,..-. _, o A community.

th min eventi

I t ti l A i ti f Ad i i t


Bridge authority

to push for


FROM page one
After the truck managed to coast
down the bridge onto Mackey
Street, a policeman was summoned
to the scene to ensure that the
operators did not leave the area.
Mr Fitzgerald said this was a
very serious offence, as any undue
stress could have caused the
bridge to collapse, especially since
the weight of the truck had been
stationary for more than an hour.
Mr Fitzgerald said the situation
could have resulted in horrific
problems, particularly if damage
was done to the bridge's joints a
car could have become stuck in a
damaged joint or a person may
have fallen through and drowned.
Considering the bridge's state,
he said the Ministry of Transport

and the Bridge Authority have
taken a no-tolerance approach to
anyone who does not adhere to
the weight limits.
The limit for the entry bridge
which connects Nassau to Par-
adise Island is 25 tons. Any equip-
ment that weighs more is barged
over, he explained.
Mr Fitzgerald said that the new
weight limits had been advertised
extensively for more than two
months and Friday's incident, he
said, could not be excused.
The matter has to be turned
over to the Attorney General's
Office to determine who ordered
the truck to go over and what the
consequences should be.
Mr Fitzgerald is hopeful that
authorities will impound the

Woman pressing for answers

to husband's disappearance

FROM page one
Police Force Superintendent
Glen Miller.
Mr Miller told The Tribune
that while police are still trying
to establish that there was a
murder, they have launched an
investigation into discovering
what happened to Mr Weaver.
Mrs Weaver believes that her
husband may have been taken
to Andros and killed, his body
discarded somewhere on the
country's largest island.
"What I am hoping for is that
his remains can be returned
home. I know he might have
been thrown in a hole like a
piece of garbage, but I want to
bring him home. It's not right
what happened," she said.
Despite her struggles with
this tragedy, Mrs Weaver said
her daughters twins, who were
six months .at the time their


dies in car


FROM page one
and can hardly work today.
Everyone's mouths dropped
when they heard the news," she
Employees of the Hoffers say
what makes Randy's death
more heartwrenching is the fact
that many of them are still
grieving the death of a staff
member who died in his sleep
three weeks ago. "When I came
to work and saw everyone gath-
ered around and looking
gloomy, I was like what happen
again?" she recalled.
When told about the accident
and the suspected contributing
factors, Howard Barrett of the
Ministry of Works and Utilities
said that while it is believed that
a lack of lighting and guard rails
may have contributed to the
accident, he said that he could
not comment until he person-
ally surveyed the area at night.
Investigations continue.

EAST SHIRLEY STREET 322-3775 325-3079
VIsO our showroom at Quaity Auto Sates (Fre ort) Ltd for similar deals Queen's Hthway 352.6122








Troika strikes a chord at Graycliff

pianist bid his homeland good-
bye for now, giving a farewell
concert at Nassau's leading
gourmet restaurant.
Troika Hanna played his first
solo concert last week in the
Humidor Gardens at Graycliff
for an audience of family and
The young musician leaves
for Nashville, Tennessee where
he will study music, with piano
as his major, at the renowned
arts and science orientated Fisk
The concert began with a
song presentation by Troika and
his parents Paul and Tanya
Hanna both well-known
Bahamian artists and contin-
ued with a wide-ranging reper-
toire including everything from
Beethoven to Bach to Elvis
One of the guests said of the
event: "The concert surpassed
my expectations."
Following the concert, the
Hanna family and their guests
dined at the Graycliff.
This was only the.first of

* TROIKA together with his father Paul Hanna, who is also
called a 'consumate pianist', after a successful concert.

many solo concerts planned by

* YOUNG Bahamian musician Troika Hanna plays for his audience at Graycliff at his farewell

He plans to perform again
this coming December.

* FRIENDS from
Las Vegas came to
Nassau specifically
for the Troika's
concert: (1-r)
Maitre' tD of
Graycliff Anthony
Laing; Lauren
Edwards; Rick
Edwards, CEO of
Tanya Hanna,
renowned vocalist
and mother of
Troika; Rita
Edwards; Leslie

Pierre, educator;
Adderley, direc-
tor of the
National Youth
Choir; Troika
Hanna, the star
of the evening;
Cheryl Johnson,
Garland Dean,
vocalist; and
Dwayne Sands,

Kaye, pro-
ducer of
singer Celine
Dion, with
Tanya Han-

Bahamian consular officers in

US return home to take a break

Finlayson, owner of
Resources; Alma
".Adams, Consul
General in Miami;
Eldred Bethel,
Consul General in
New York; and
Celeste Mitchell,
.' educator

Telcine Turner Rolle presents her

book Play Me to Dame Ivy Dumont

M The book is Telcine
Turner Rolle's second
publication of dramatic
literature. The first,
Woman Take Two, was a
co-winner with a one-act
play by Eric Roach of
Trinidad in the playwrit-
ing segment of the Uni-
verisity of the West Indies
25th Anniversary literary
competition in 1975.
S(l-r) Author Telcine Turn-
er Rolle; Governor Gen-
eralDame Ivy Dumont;
and James O Rolle,
education officer at the
National Art Gallery of
I the Bahamas




16-41A.-A -



Fax: (242) 328-2398




loses to arch-rival

in Zurich race

SJunior Sports Reporter
American Sanya Richards got
revenge on arch-rival Tonique
,Williams-Darling yesterday,
after losing a nail biting 400
metree race at the World Cham-
pjohships, last week.
After pulling away from
Richards with about five metres
left in the 400 metres at the
W .win, Williams-Darling was able
to, clock a world-leading time,
improving on her win-loss
* But, yesterday at the Weltk-
lasse Zurich, Golden League
race, Richards got the better of
Williams-Darling, winning the
_raie in a time of 48.92 seconds.
. Williams-Darling was second
in49.30 seconds, with Monique
I-jnnagan third in 50.24 sec-
Bahamian Christine Amertil
also competed in the event,
clocking a time of 51.62 seconds
for an eight place finish.
The time ran by Richards is
posted as the world leading time
and season's best. Both
Williams-Darling and Henna-.
gan's times were season's best
Williams-Darling and
Richards have split the wins out
of the four meetings between
So far Richards is the only
person to hand Williams-Dar-
ling losses.


Chandra Sturrup improved
on her time in the century from
the World Championships, yes-
terday, clocking a time of 10.97
seconds for a third-place finish-
Wirnning the event was
Jamaica's Veronica Campbell
in a personal best time of 10.85
Campbell edged out World
Championships gold medallist
Lauryn Williams for the win.
Williams ran a time of 10.88 sec-

onds for second. The time was
also a personal best for
Also running in the field were
. Christine Arron of France and
Yuliya Nesterenko, who
clocked times of 10.99 seconds
and 11.08 seconds respectively.
Although Sturrup finished up
third in the event, her time of
10.84 seconds still remains the
world-leading time for the
Sturrup ran the national
record setting time on July 5,
in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Chris Brown also saw action
on the day, drawing a much bet-
ter lane than the one selected at
the World Championships.
Brown, who had the second
fastest reaction time to the gun
in the event, ran 44.97 seconds
for a third-place finishing.
Winning the event was world
leader, Olympic and World
Champion, Jeremy Warmer in
44.67 seconds. Coming in sec-
ond was Canada's Tyler
Christopher, who just beat
Brown with his time of 44.96
Fourth and fifth place finish-
ings went to Andrew Rock and
Alleyne Francique in 45.04 sec-
onds and 45.26 seconds.
American Justin Gatlin con-
tinued to keep his streak in the
100m flowing, as he clocked
10.14 seconds for the win over
Francis Obikwelu of Portugal.
Obikwelu was second in 10.22
seconds with Aziz Zakati of
Ghana third in 10.22 seconds.
. Opting not to compete in the
meet was Jamaica's Asfa Pow-
ell, who went down at the Crys-
tal Palace meet with a torn lig-
Powell is currently the world
record holder in the 100m.
Representing the Caribbean
in the women's 400m hurdles
was Andrea Blackett.
Blackett, a close friend of
national record holder,
Williams-Darling, clocked 55.29
seconds for a sixth-place finish-
ing. Winning the event was Rus-
sia's Yulia Nosova-Pechonkina
in 53.30 seconds.


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Lebedeva in position to win entire

Golden League jackpot after

Arron eliminated from hunt

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Robby Ginepri eliminates subpar

Marat Satin in quarter-fhnals

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Knowles through

to next round

"ICopyrighted Material

SyndicaCte content

Available from Commercial News Providers"

Junior Sports Reporter
ADVANCING through to the
quarterfinals at the Western and
Southern Financial Groups Mas-
ters Cup in Cincinnati yesterday
proved to be a breeze for Mark
Knowles and doubles partner
Daniel Nestor.
Knowles and Nestor, who

received a bye in the first round
of play, defeated Mahesh Bhu-
pathi and Martin Damm in
three straight sets 3-6, 6-1 and 7-
6 (3).
The win takes Knowles and
Nestor one step closer to reclaim-
ing their title.
The duo will play Jonas Bjork-
man and Max Mirnyi in the semi-
finals on Sunday.

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Coach's anger after England's

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Major's date

/-. in Mississippi

Junior Sports Reporter
MEACHER 'Pain' Major is look-
ing to take Mississippi by storm on
today, as he goes head-to-head in
the ring with American Lamar
Major, who is fighting in his sec-
ond international fight for the year,
is confident that his new techniques
will place him above Peterson.
Major left for Mississippi on
Thursday, his fight is scheduled to
go 12 rounds.
Currently Major has a win-loss
record of 9-2-0, while Peterson sits
with a win-loss record of 8-1-1.

Major's head coach Ray Minus
believes that he is ready to take any-
one on in the ring, stating that his
confidence and training level is at
a all time high.
"Major is ready, he is has pre-
pared himself metal and spiritual to
take on the American boxer," said
"This is Meacher's second inter-
national fight for the year, in his
first fight he lost a close match to a
judge's decision, but that didn't
detour him.
"He is focused and ready to take
on any boxer right now."
Local boxer Jerry 'Big Daddy'
Butler will also be in action on

August 26, in Rhode Island Con-
vention Center.
Butler will take on American and
Olympic champion, Jason 'Big Six'
Estrada, in what the local newspa-
pers in Rhode Island are calling
Estrada's biggest and toughest
All three of Butler's win on the
professional level as come by knock-
outs. Butler has a win-loss record
of 3-1,3 knockouts, while Estrada is
sitting with a record of 3-0, 1 knock-
Estrada's recent success has been
the capturing of the American
national title and the gold medal at
the Pan American games.

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ruise, Jamie Foxx, Jada Pinkett Smith. A contract Sharon Stone, Lolita Davidovich, An architect is torn rashers: HBO HBO-S
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killing her attacker,

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:45) MODEL 5.
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SHOW ROBERTS: FOR- Owen, Teri Polo. iTV. A woman joins a doctor's humanitarian efforts. 0 (iTV) 0 (CC) (iTV) [ (CC)
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TMC STARGATE Hackman, George Dzundza. Submarine officers clash over orders to Adventurers travel back to 1300s
(1994) 'PG-13' launch their nukes, 'R' (CC) wartime France.'PG-13'

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line strength and agility.'PG-13'

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ary Elwes. An escaped victim and a forensic expert trail a killer. n 'R'

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