Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau Bahamas
Publication Date: May 10, 2005
Copyright Date: 2005
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00106
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850

Full Text






Volume: 101 No.139 ,h ESDAY, MAY 10, 2005 PRICE- 500


ULOA wants

Kerzner meeting

THE United Limousine Oper-
ators Association has threatened
to block the Nassau to Paradise
Island bridge unless Kerzner
International meets with them
before Friday.
The ULOA alleges that Kerzn-
er International, which owns the
Atlantis resort, has a contract
with Bahamas Experience Lim-
ousines and Tours and is using
"unfair practices" to monopolise
the limousine market on Paradise
The organisation says this has
prevented independent operators
getting fares at Atlantis properties
and that Kerzner encourages all
guests to use Bahamas Experi-
The group of about 30 inde-
pendent limousine owners and
operators has retained Dion
Foulkes as legal counsel and has
instructed him to take whatever
action necessary to have their
matter resolved.
However Ed Fields, Kerzner's
vice president of public affairs,
disputed the claims.
"In fact," said Mr Fields," we
have been desirous and have indi-
cated to all parties, our willing-
ness to form a limousine call-up
system at the Coral and Royal
According to Mr Fields, traf-
fic controller Brensil Rolle wrote
to Kerzner International on Feb-
ruary 18, 2004, asking the com-
pany to consider placing a limou-
sine line at the Royal and Coral
Towers respectively, to which
Kerzner agreed.
On March 17, 2004 Kerzner
responded, expressing its desire to
facilitate such a call-up system,
and forwarded the requisite
guidelines for implementation,
Mr Fields said.
The system would have been

operated like the one currently
at the Nassau International Air-
port (NIA), he said.
Although road traffic regula-
tions do not allow limos to be in a
call-up "on demand" system, a
concession from the taxi union
allowed for the limousine line to
be established at NIA.
According to documents
obtained by The Tribune, the
same concession was given by the
taxi union for a line at Atlantis,
but in May 2004, a dispute
between the union and some
independent limousine-drivers -
resulted in the union's support
being withdrawn.
In December 2004, Kerzner
was again asked to consider the
limousine line.
Mr Fields said Kerzner again
supported it, but pointed out that
support had been withdrawn by
other parties.
Negotiations then took place
with the taxi union, who again
gave its support, he said.
The Tribune has learned how-
ever that there were objections
from other quarters and Kerzner
never received the authority to'
Mr Fields said there is more
than enough evidence to show
that Kerzner was quick to
respond to the ministry's requests
for a call-up system to allow lim-
ousine services "on demand."
"It is ironic that we are accused
of preventing access, when
indeed, we were the architects of
a process that would allow for
greater access to our guests. The
power to execute the system's
implementation does not rest with
us," Mr Fields said.
He said that he has personally
made Kendal Culmer, the acting
SEE page 11

* ANGELO BRENNEN AKA 'Nasty' outside of court yesterday.
(Photo: Felipi Major/Tribune staff)

MURDER accused Angelo Brennen,
who is on remand at Her Majesty's Fox Hill
Prison, went before the courts yesterday to
face additional charges.
Brennen, 36, of Derby Road, who is
charged with the shooting death- of 34-year-
old Ruthmae Pinder in October, 2004,
appeared before Magistrate Linda Virgill
in Court 1 on Bank Lane yesterday to face
the charge of conspiracy to commit mur-
der as well as two counts of conspiracy to
prevent a witness giving evidence.
According to court documents it is
alleged that on Saturday, April 30, Angelo
and his brother, Cordell, who was arraigned
on similar charges on Friday, conspired to
cause the death of Calvonya Grant.
Angelo was also charged with conspiracy

to cause a person to refrain from giving evi-
dence. It is alleged that between October
and December, 2004, Brennen conspired
to cause Aaron Woodside to refrain from
giving evidence in his murder trial.
In the second count of conspiracy to pre-
vent a witness, it is alleged that between
November 2004 and April 2005 Angelo and
Cordell allegedly conspired to cause Lean-
der Culmer to refrain from giving evidence
in the same trial. Brennen, who was repre-
sented by lawyer Raynard Henfield, was
not required to enter a plea.
Prosecutor Ercell Dorsette Brennen
asked for a voluntary bill of indictment, also
that the matter be forwarded to the attorney
general's office. Brennen was returned to
prison on remand. The case was adjourned
to May 18 when a preliminary inquiry will
be held.

Tribune Staff Reporter
underway into Friday's night
crash landing of a Western
Air aircraft at Nassau Inter-
national Airport.
Although there were no
injuries, and the aircraft sus-
tained only slight damage to
its wing tip, the incident
blocked the airport's only
functioning runway, causing
significant takeoff and land-
ing delays.
According to reports by
the Ministry of Transport
and Aviation, the Western
Air Metro 4 aircraft, regis-
tration number C6REX,
was on its way to San
Andros from Nassau when
the pilots discovered a
hydraulic problem and
decided to return to NIA.
At 7pm the aircraft, car-
SEE page 11

Minister positive on

upcoming budget

Tribune Staff Reporter
themselves for the Budget to
be presented in the House of
Assembly on May 25, the Min-
ister of State for Finance James
Smith hinted that there is still
hope for a bright forecast,
despite earlier predictions that
the Budget deficit will be larger
than ever.
In a pre-budget interview
with The Tribune, Mr Smith,
although he could not reveal
exact figures, said that the gov-.
ernment is not too far from
their early targets, despite the
drop in government revenues
caused by hurricanes last year.
Mr Smith attributed most of
the acceleration of revenue in
2005 to government's invest-
ment strategy, which helped to
considerably expand the local
economy and offset the loss in
revenue experienced after the
SEE page 11


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No order of precedence to

stand in as prime minister

THE nation was deeply dis-
turbed early last week over
the illness of Prime Minister Perry
Christie. There was some relief later in
the week with the news that Mr
Christie was out of danger after hav-
ing suffered a stroke.
All Bahamians of goodwill and of
all political persuasions now hope and
pray that Mr Christie's rest and con-
valescence will result in a speedy and
complete restoration of his health.
* *

Life is a learning experience
for individuals and for
nations, and the sudden illness of a
national leader is a part of that expe-
The first lesson is that while we may
take into consideration the question of
health when choosing our political
leaders, there can never be any guar-
antee that any one of them will not be
laid low by ill-health.
Sometimes the most robust-look-
ing will suddenly succumb to one
disease or the other while the frailest-
looking will go through a long
life without seeing a day in the hospi-
So it is with prime ministers and
presidents. There is little one can do
about it beyond being sensible about
health. There is no point trying to run
away from it or making excuses.
Acting Prime Minister Cynthia
Pratt has assured us that the nation's
business will be carried on, but we
know that in these circumstances
some beats will be skipped. That is
inevitable. They will not, we can hope,
be big beats.
Mrs Pratt deserves the full co-oper-
ation of all to make sure that every-
thing goes as smoothly as possible.
The opposition Free National
Movement made an appropriate ges-
ture in suspending a planned attack
rally after Mr Christie took ill. But
the national debate must continue and
both Mr Christie and Mrs Pratt will
understand that.
* *

Those who are entrusted with
the responsibility of keeping
the public informed should know what
they are talking about, especially in
times of crisis, or they should ask
Last week Wednesday The Tribune
carried a front-page story, presum-
ably based on official information,
announcing that Mrs Pratt would be
acting as prime minister during Mr
Christie's illness.
The article went on to say:
"Should for any reason the deputy
prime minister, who is also the minis-
ter of national security, be unable to
carry on in the post, she will be suc-
ceeded by Works and Utilities Minis-
ter Bradley Roberts.

"According to precedent the other
13 ministers would succeed in the fol-
lowing order: ..."
Then it went on to list the other
members of cabinet.
There is no constitutional basis at all
for this and members of Mr Christie's
own party will be relieved to learn
that Minister Roberts is not constitu-
tionally in line to act as prime minister
if Mrs Pratt has to go away or for
some other reason is unable to per-
form the functions of the office.
There has been no such "prece-
dent" as claimed in the article, since
what it describes has never happened
in our short history of cabinet gov-

If "precedent" was a mistake and
the word was intended to
be "precedence", then that too is
The cabinet system of government
is based on collective responsibility
and equality of ministers, with the
prime minister being primus inter
pares (first among equals).
Traditionally, the post of minister of
finance (Chancellor of the Exchequer
in Britain) has been afforded special
status for obvious reasons, and the
constitution states that the person
holding this post must be a member of
the House of Assembly.
The post of deputy prime minister is
not even mentioned in the constitu-
tion, and a prime minister is not
required to appoint one.
The late Sir Cecil Wallace Whit-
field used to say that if he became

"We sometimes forget that America
represents the high aspirations of
many peoples. Some ungrateful
Americans forget this too. In the
dispute over the Iraq invasion they
shamelessly vilified the French, to
whom they owe so much for their
freedom and their political

prime minister he would not have a
deputy but would give different min-
isters the opportunity to act in his
evertheless, it is sensible that
in the cabinet numbering
system the deputy prime
minister should be Number two. Not
a great deal more should be read into
this system which is mainly for con-
The constitution (Article 75) pro-
vides that whenever the prime minis-
ter is unable to perform his functions
he advises the governor general to
appoint some other minister to act for
him, and that can be any minister who
is a member of the House. There is no
order of precedence for this purpose
and ministers in the Senate will not be
appointed to act for the prime minis-
If the prime minister is unable to
advise the governor general, then she
can make an appointment without his
Although the constitution does not
say so, the governor general in such
circumstances will no doubt consult
with cabinet ministers before making
the appointment.

* *

P erhaps the College of The
Bahamas can do the country a
great service by running a course on
Bahamian government for our young
journalists and government informa-
tion officers.
Otherwise we run the risk of fur-
ther confusing the Bahamian people
with ideas and language imported
from the American system.
I shudder to think for instance that
one day someone will introduce the
prime minister's wife to Queen Eliza-
beth as "our first lady". Her Majesty
would be likely to reply, "Then I'm
your second lady?"
The Bahamas is a monarchy and
the queen, represented by the gover-
nor general, is our first lady. If we
become a republic with a president

then we can call the wife of the presi-
dent first lady, or the president if she
is a woman, but not the prime minis-
ter's wife.

t is also a little irritating to hear
callers on radio talk shows advo-
cating that we should have a system of
checks and balances like the Ameri-
Not so much because the callers do
not know better but because the hosts
invariably do not tell them that our
system of government is based on
checks and balances and that the
process started back in 1215, when
King John signed the Magna Carta at
The term "checks and 'balances"
was coined by the French political
theorist Baron de Montesquieu (1689-
1755) who lived and died before the
American Revolution.
His inspiration was the evolving
British system, important elements of
which we and the Americans have
We sometimes forget that America,
represents the high aspirations of
many peoples. Some ungrateful
Americans forget this too. In the dis-
pute over the Iraq invasion they
shamelessly vilified the French, to
whom they owe so much for their
freedom and their political develop-
* *

P rime Minister Christie's ill-
ness taught us another lesson
that has been hard for some of us
to learn and it is that this little
country has produced professionals
as fine as you will find anywhere in the
Mr Christie put himself in the care
of Bahamian doctors not, I am sure,
because he is a politician, but because
he really has confidence in them.
It would be a wonderful thing if all
of us, Mr Christie's colleagues includ-
ed, could recognise in other areas that
excellence does not have to come
from across the bar.

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Building character in young
people has been the mission of
the Scout Association since the
movement was founded in 1907.
Scouting aims to mold a young
person's character through
activites that teach fair play,
respect for others, honor,
responsibility, leadership,
courage, and self-respect, and
thereby "improve the standard
of future citizenhood." The
vision has not simply endured.
The Scout Association world-
wide is 25 million strong in more
than 110 countries and is
preparing to celebrate its 100th
anniversary in 2007.

At an impressive 92 years of
age, the Bahamas Scout
Association is one of the older
Scout organizations in the world
and certainly one of the oldest
youth programs in the country.
There are more than 1,000
Scouts (boys and girls) and
Leaders in Troops on 7 island.

Like all ScoutAssociations, the
Bahamian Scout program is
centered around immersing its
members in the out-of-doors,
and on New Providence that
happens largely at Camp
Adelaide, a 35-acre pocket of

wilderness where Scout
comradeship and character are
built "under canvas, in the field,
and round the camp fire."

Under the leadership of
Richmond Smith and Pericles
Maillis, both former Scouts and
now members of the
Association's volunteer
leadership, the Camp is being
renovated, secured and
improved to meet the needs of
today's Scout program.

Basic improvements such as
'lighting, a first aid station, and
watch tower are in the works but
so too is a plan to build on and
protect the natural biodiversity
of Camp Adelaide. Additionally,
a poineering effort is being
implemented to cultivate every
known variety of coco plum and
build activites that involve the
Scouts in the identification, care
and enjoyment of these plants.

The Father Pat Fund is pleased
to donate $2,000 to this worth-
while effort and urges more
Bahamians to do the same. For
more information on the plans
please call Richmond Smith
[323-5330 or 341-6483]. Your
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PAGE 2, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005



TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 3


Four marines

remembered by

Defence Force

THE Royal Bahamas Defence Force
today commemorate the sinking of
HMBS Flamingo, which resulted in the
loss of four young marines.
On Saturday 10 May 1980, Cuban MIG
jets attacked and sunk the 103ft Bahami-
an patrol craft in the southeastern
Flamingo succumbed to the heavy hos-
tile fire of the Cuban jets but to the cred-
it of its crew, their captives were brought
to the capital unharmed where they were
duly charged before the courts for ille-
gally fishing in Bahamian waters.
Killed in action were Able Seaman
Fenrick Sturrup and Marine Seamen
Austin Smith, David Tucker and Edward

Disabled home residents

make emotional appeal

Tribune Staff Reporter
DISABLED residents of
Cheshire Home are crying out
to the community to help them
save the place they call home
from closing.
Yesterday, The Tribune met
with the residents of the home
who are afflicted with various
Jerome Thompson, a blind
resident, said that all four resi-
dents were given an official
notice for the closure of the
facility, at the end of this month,
due to the lack of funding.
Cathleen Hassan of Johnson-
Hassan and Co, which is repre-
senting the management com-
mittee, told The Tribune: "It is

with regret that the committee
had to come to this decision
(closing the home), but for
financial reasons the commit-
tee finds itself no longer in a
position to keep the home
She said that the objective of
the home was to provide a half-
way-house for persons who suf-
fered physical injuries from traf-
fic accidents or trauma.
"The purpose was to allow
them a period of adjustment
between the hospital and mov-
ing back into mainstream liv-
ing. It was for short-term hous-
ing, not in excess of a six-month
period," said Mrs Hassan.
Jervaisian Stuart, a resident
with cerebral palsy, said it was
essential that Cheshire Home

be saved, as it is the only estab-
lishment in the country
designed for disabled adults, it is
a must that it be saved.


Mr Stuart said it was "upset-
ting" when he found out the
home would be closing.
"They decided to close it
because of lack of funding.
However, we had a lot of ideas
that we wanted to do and there
was a gentlemen from the
Rotary, who discussed ideas
with us to how we could raise
Mr Stuart said that he has
family members he can live
with, but the home provides

him with independence.
"I am looking to go forward
in life, not backward.
"We are fighting for all dis-
abled people in this country. It
would benefit us to remain
here, but when we are gone
from here, we would like to
know that disabled people can
still come here and enjoy these
premises," said Mr Thompson
Mr Thompson is pleading
with the public to help them
save their home through finan-
cial contributions, as well as to
help with maintenance.
The residents' committee is
asking members of the public
to make contributions at the
Bank of the Bahamas, Oakes
Field branch at account num-
ber 5142-849

Questions in Thompson case



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Tribune Staff Reporter
ATTORNEYS representing
the Judicial and Legal Services
Commission faced questions on
Monday from Justice Hugh
Small concerning the dismissal
of Registrar General Elisabeth
Ms Thompson, represented
by Milton Evans and Tamika
Lockhart Sawyer, is seeking a
judicial review of the JLSC's
decision to terminate her three-
year contract.
She contends that she is still
the holder of the office of the
Registrar General, as her dis-
missal was "wrongful".
As a result, Ms Thompson
believes she is entitled to the
relevant salary and benefits.
But attorney Dawn Lewis
argued that under the constitu-
tion, an employer has the right
to terminate an employee with-
out giving a reason, as long as
sufficient notice and payment
is provided.
Referring to Article 136 of
the constitution, Justice Small
asked if Ms Thompson was giv-
en a chance to respond to and
challenge any allegations made

against her, as the Auditor Gen-
eral would.
Ms Lewis admitted that Ms
Thompson was not afforded the
right to make her case to the
JLSC or allowed to respond.
Lawyer Milton Evans said
the reason given for the dis-
missal was that Ms Thompson
did not sign the renewal of her
However, he said, the per-
manent secretary of Financial
Services and Investments, who
recommended the dismissal,
had gone on record as stating
that the reasons went. beyond
those submitted to the JLSC.
Justice Small requested evi-
dence to prove that the com-
mission was fair, and for a list
of those who sat on the com-
mission board at that time.
He added: "The applicant is
saying she was not given the
reasons for her dismissal, nor
was she given a chance to chal-
lenge them.
"Do you have any evidence
to the contrary?"
The JLSC attorneys said they
did not.
Justice Small will review the
transcripts before making a
decision at the end of June.

Employee is charged

with stealing $105,000

A WOMAN was charged
yesterday with stealing more
than $100,000 from Majestic

Local Newsi....P1-12
Editorial/Letters. ..P4
Advt ................P8
Avt .................P4
T V. Guide.........P5
Sports ............. P6-8
Comics................ P44

Michelle Shepard, 30, of
Millers Heights appeared
before Magistrate Linda Vir-
gill to face 157 counts of steal-
ing by reason of employment.
It is alleged that between
April 7 1999 and July 9 2003,
Shepard stole a total of
$105,750 from Majestic Tours
Limited on Cumberland Street.
Magistrate Virgill took near-
ly an hour to read all 157
Prosecutor Ercell Dorsette
objected to bail, citing the
nature of Shepard's offence
and the amount of money
Shepard, representing her-
self, said she had been in court
in connection to a similar mat-
ter involving Majestic Tours
before, and that that the matter
had been "thrown out".
Magistrate Virgill ruled that
further investigations into
Shepard's previous case be con-
ducted in order for bail to be
The bail hearing was
deferred to May 19.

Tribune Staff Reporter
MURDER suspect Evan
Williams has been released
in the case of deceased Sean
Adderley, alias Sean Isaacs,
being heard in the Jamaica
high court.
Williams was released yes-
terday after Justice Horace
Marsh ruled that there was
insufficient evidence against
Eyewitnesses could not
positively identify him. How-
ever, Sylvarus McQueen, a
Bahamian national, and Der-
mid Daley of Retirement
Village, Westmoreland, were
identified by persons who
were at Eddie's Bar on Feb-
ruary 17, 2004, when Adder-
ley was gunned down. He
was 37.
Prosecutors sought to
establish a link between
Williams and the murder,
and it was argued that he
knowingly rented Daley the
car to commit the crime.
Daley remains on bail stip-
ulations, while McQueen is
still in custody.
Justice Marsh conducted
his summary of the case dur-
ing the afternoon session.
The summary includes
eyewitness accounts, which
state that McQueen was the
gunman; police records,
which show that nine shots
were fired during the day-
light murder; and a patholo-
gist report, which shows that
Adderley was shot four times
- once in the head, once in
the chest, and once at each
shoulder blade.
The jury is set to deliberate


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PAGE 4. TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005

,-I A T 3E I

The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348

Why can't Opposition get accounts?

CAN ANY businessman successfully oper-
ate his company without up-to-date finan-
The answer obviously is "no". But this is
how the government of the Bahamas has
operated for years. Under both PLP govern-
ments the old and the "new" the Public
Accounts Committee, the only committee
controlled by the official Opposition, has
always had difficulty functioning.
Last week Montagu MP Brent Symonette,
who heads the Public Accounts Committee,
found himself in a Catch-22 position. At every
turn his attempts to get a copy of the Auditor
General's latest reports to enable his com-
mittee to function were thwarted.
In the House of Assembly on April 20 Mr
Symonette gave notice of a question to the
Prime Minister as Minister of Finance. He
wanted the Prime Minister to tell the House
when the "report of the Auditor General for
the years ending June 2001, 2002, 2003 and
2004 will be laid on the table of the House."
In his reply at the meeting of the House
last week, Speaker Oswald Ingraham told Mr
Symonette that his question was "inappropri-
ate." He referred the Montagu MP to s.136(5)
of the Constitution, which makes it clear that
in the exercise of his functions the auditor
general cannot be "subject to the direction or
control of any other person or authority."
To ask the Prime Minister to advise the
House as t-' hen the auditor general would
complete his job, would imply, according to
the Speaker, that the "auditor general in the
performance of his work was under the direc-
tion and control of the prime minister."
"Moreover," said the Speaker, "the mem-
ber for Montagu is a member of the public
accounts committee and is entitled to get what-
ever information he wants from the auditor
general regarding the auditor general's report."
This sounds reasonable if it were true. But
it is not true. The Public Accounts Commit-
tee cannot ask any questions or examine any
item until the accounts are laid on the table of
the House. This is usually done by the Speak-
er, who is supposed to receive them directly
from the auditor general.
With that ruling, Mr Symonette's legs have
been cut from beneath him and his commit-
tee, which former Attorney General Paul
Adderley referred to in 1987 as "the most
powerful standing committee of parliament",
has been emasculated. Mr Adderley had
pointed out at the time that the committee

could be a "powerful force", both inside and
outside parliament, even though it did not
have power to go outside the context of
reports laid on the table of the Assembly.
And when those reports are not laid, what
then? What this means is that the "most pow-
erful committee" with one stroke of the
Speaker's pen has been made powerless.
According to Mr Symonette, he has been
told by the auditor general that certain
accounts are ready, but they are now in the
hands of the treasurer and as soon as he
receives the treasurer's response they will be
sent to parliament.
If this is the order of procedure, then the
auditor general is not independent. He is
subject to the pleasure of the treasurer.
Does the auditor general send his reports
to the treasurer to ask for approval, or does
he send them as is done in normal auditing
in the private sector for clarification and
elaboration on certain points about which
he would like more information? The answer
to this is important, because it will indicate
who is independent and who controls whom.
If the treasurer is causing the delay, the
auditor general should refer back to the Con-
stitution as to the order of his duties.
His only duty is to submit his reports
"without undue delay to the Speaker."
If the treasurer or anyone else is delaying
him, he should submit his reports on time to
parliament with a note that he has not had a
reply froin the treasurer on certain points on
which he needs clarification.
How can a country function efficiently
without current accounts? Already such old
accounts are irrelevant.
If the Treasury department is not ade-
quately staffed to produce the information for
the auditor general to do his job, then gov-
ernment has to do something about it.
It has been proposed that the Financial
Administration and Audit Act be amended to
put a time limit on the transmission of the
treasurer's accounts to .the auditor-general.
As Mr Adderley himself said: "The only
way public expenditure can be properly
watched by parliament is by the Opposition."
Once the Treasury closes its books for the
financial year, said Mr Adderley, "there is
no means and no method by which you can
hide from them public expenditure."
Oh, yes there is, and we saw it happen
last week just don't present the auditor's
report to the House.

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EDITOR, The Tribune.
ney Stubbs on his recent suc-
cess in having his Bankruptcy
Order annulled by the learned
Chief Justice, Sir Burton P Hall.
He has also, apparently, won
his case at the Privy Council lev-
el. He should now be able to
return to the House of Assem-
bly without any known legal
Both Mr Stubbs and his con-
stituents up at Holy Cross have
endured much flack and
moments of uncertainty. Hav-
ing been vindicated, Mr Stubbs
should now get on with the vital
business of the good people of
Holy Cross and, indeed, the
entire nation.
It is clear that there are many
antiquated laws on our statute
books which are badly in need
of revision and amendments, if
not totally abolished. The
Bankruptcy Act is a case in
point. Had this piece of legisla-
tion been of modem origins, it is
doubtful that Mr Stubbs and the
nation would have been sub-
jected to the spectacle which we
have just emerged from.
While parliament is redraft-
ing this act, however, I would
invite the prime minister; the
Attorney General and the
Leader of Government Busi-
ness in the House, to amend
The Legal Professions Act,
1992. I was disbarred prior to
the commencement of that act.
It contains absolutely no clause,
as it should, to enable disbarred
attorneys to apply for reinstate-
ment, where they would have
been off the bar, prior to 1992,
as is my case.
Like Mr Stubbs, I presented
Bar Council a deed of,release
and satisfaction more thln 10
years ago, but Mr Justice Hugh
Small ruled a few years ago that
I had no legal vehicle on which
to apply for reinstatement.
Surely, as demonstrated by
the results of the Stubbs' case,
this cannot be fair in law or
equity. A famed English jurist,
Lord Denning, once opined that
"for every injury, there must be
a redress".
And so, the saga of Sidney
Stubbs has now been brought
to a satisfactory close. He has
much work to do. The defunct
FNM and its current leadership
fumbled the ball in this particu-
lar case for any number of rea-
sons. Number one, they were
reluctant to engage counsel to
monitor the proceedings. Num-
ber two it is my opinion that
they are too cheap when it
comes to matters of public pol-

Local Media House has a
vacancy for a Broadcast
Journalist / News Reporter

The successful candidate should possess the
following qualifications:

* Minimum of 2 years experience
* Must have a good understanding of news
gathering & production
* Must be an enthusiastic self starter
* The ability and willingness to learn

Please submit resumes to:
Island FM
Attn: The News Director
Dowdeswell Street
Fax (242)356-4515

icy. Number three they are still
badly, and possibly fatally, dis-
tracted by their leadership
Turnquest's committee,
appointed by him, has reported.
The members told him the true
message but he and his allies,
inclusive of such persons as

EDITOR, The Tribune
Will Her Majesty's real
opposition please stand up?
In light of recent events, it
would appear that there is no
opposition representation in
the halls of Parliament from
neither FNM nor Indepen-
We have the Sydney
Stubbs' situation, who,
notwithstanding the annul-
ment of his bankruptcy, as far
as I understand should be
faced with questions relating
to disclosure of finances in
his election documents, not
to mention the BAIC and
Korean fishing boat debacles.
In my opinion we are wit-
nessing7 one of the biggest
land grabs in the history of
the country, sanctioned by the
very people who chastised the
previous government for sell-
ing out the country, with them
giving away Crown lands,
putting the cost of property
beyond the reach of average
Bahamians and ramming ill-
conceived development down
their throats.
We are faced with further
water woes emanating from
the controversy surrounding
the Water and Sewerage Cor-
poration and Biwater Inter-
national, the losing bidder for

Algernon SPB Allen and Ten-
nyson Wells, have sought to
slay the messengers, while
ignoring the message.
This week also saw the sud-
den illness of the prime minis-
ter. Regardless of political dif-
ferences, all Bahamians, I am
sure wish him a speedy recovery
and extend our warm wishes to
his wife and immediate family.
May 2005

the Blue Hills Reverse Osmo-
sis Plant which has filed an
application in the Supreme
Court seeking to overturn the
award bf the contract to Con-
solidated Water and, failing
that, be awarded compen-
satory damages.
The Water and Sewerage
Corporation has agreed to
cover all losses incurred by
Consolidated Water; includ-
ing loss of profits should
Biwater win its case. This is
extremely generous of them,
particularly in light of the fact
that the contract is for 20
years and losses to the tax-
payer from this settlement
could amount to millions. All
this, and not a peep from our
loyal opposition.
It would seem that the busi-
ness of the people has taken a
back seat to the bickering,
back stabbing and infighting
that was the cause of the
FNM party's demise at the
last election, and has carried
forth unabated to the present.
Small wonder that many
potential voters are now so
jaded by mediocrity that they
see little difference between
Tom, Dick or Perry.
April 28 2005.


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Apex Debt Collection Agency.
Re: Credit Stop List

Effective May 16, 2005 the names of all persons with
debt assigned to Apex, who are not cooperating with
payment arrangements and have court judgments
recorded for their debt, will be listed on a Credit Stop List.
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TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 5:


Cat and bird lovers are to

clash 'head-on' in Abaco

CAT and bird lovers are set
to clash head-on in Abaco as
an international group renews
its campaign to protect the
island's parrot population.
The group, Parrots Interna-
tional, is expected to lay traps
for wild cats as part of its efforts
to save the Abaco parrot from
But cat-lovers have branded
the campaign "cruel and heart-
less" and are calling for MPs,
the Bahamas National Trust
and the government to block
the plans.
Ms Jane Thompson, of the
Friends of Abaco Animals
group, wants islanders to urge
politicians, the Ministry of Agri-
culture and Trust officials to
withdraw support for the cat-.
trapping project.
She said the scheme is both
ineffective and cruel, with wild
cats dying miserable deaths.
"I urge you (the public) to stop
this from happening," she said.
She has urged the public to
work with her group to create a
safe environment for both the
cats and parrots.
"Friends of Abaco Animals
will be willing to work with any
number of partners to raise
money to pay for this new
approach," she said.
Animal lovers in Abaco were
angry at Parrots International's
last cat-trapping campaign,
claiming that government-sanc-
tioned cat-killing set a poor
example to society as a whole.
It was estimated that around
50 wild cats were exterminated
in the last trapping exercise.
Ms Thompson said: "I believe

that we Bahamians can work to
protect our environment with-
out outside interests such as for-
eign self-serving organisations
and graduate students who are
receiving thousands of dollars
in research grants that do not
add to our economy but impact
our environment."

Ms Thompson advocates
humanely trapping, neutering
and spaying wild cats before
returning them to their habitat.
"Studies show that a stabilised
cat population will be less likely
to hunt there won't be any
young to care for. The stabilised
colony will also prevent new cats
from moving into the area."
She added: "Also, decreasing
a cat population will cause an
increase in the population of
rats, snakes and crabs, which all
prey on parrots."
Parrots International was,
according to Ms Thompson,
granted government approval to
trap wild cats after citing "pre-
dation" among reasons for a
decline in the parrot population.
It also cited the two most
recent hurricanes in Abaco, and
a forest fire last July, for the
large-scale destruction of par-
rot habitat and food sources.
But Ms Thompson said the
organisation's application did
not mention the major factor -
human encroachment.
She said: "Logging, develop-
ment and hunting have all been
responsible for decreasing the
parrot population to its current

BEC's $1.3m payout

Tribune Staff Reporter *

THE Bahamas Electricity
Corporation has reached a $1.3
million settlement with a family
affected by an oil spill almost
ten years ago.
The corporation said yester-
day, that the incident was "most
unfortunate" and regretted the
inconvenience that had been
caused to the family.
In 1996 BEC discovered a
leak in the pipeline between
Clifton Pier and the Bailou Hills
power station in the Carmicheal
Road area.
The corporation said that
although it had been focused
on mitigating the situation, oil
had affected the premises of
one of the residents of this
"Although the court ruled in
2001 that BEC was not negilient
or in breach of any duty to keep
the public out of harm's way,
the Register General has recent-
ly determined that the plantiff is
entitled to a settlement," said a
Media reports indicated that
the settlement awarded was $1.3
million including damages for
the loss of the home, property


MAY 10
2:00 Community Pg 1540AM
11:00 Immediate Response
12noon ZNS News Update Live
12:30 Immediate Response
12:58 Caribbean Today News
1:00 Ethnic Health America
1:30 Sports Lifestyle
1:58 Caribbean Today News
2:00 CMJ Club Zope
2:30 Treasure Attic
3:00 Gospel Video Countdown
4:00 "The Royal Bahamas Police
Force 165th Anniversary
Show Two
4:30 Cybernet
5:30 Cinema, Cinema, Cinema
6:00 Bahamian Things
6:30 News Night 13
7:00 Bahamas Tonight
8:00 Ethics & Excellence
8:30 Urban Renewal Update
9:00 Da' Down Home Show
10:00 Spoken
10:30 News Night 13
11:00 Bahamas Tonight
11:30 Immediate Response
1:00 Community Pg. 1540AM

NOT: N. 3 rseve

and income and projected medical
expenses for the woman who
reportedly sustained injury as a
result of the leak.
I "Tthe incident resulted in an
evaluation of that pipeline to
ensure its integrity and to avert
accidents like this in the future."

Mother-of-three jailed for drug-smuggling

__ i ----....-----

Tribune Freeport

FREEPORT A 45-year-
old Jamaican US citizen was
convicted and sentenced to
two years in prison yester-
day after pleading guilty to
possession of 4.6 pounds of
cocaine worth $40,000.
Vivienne Isolyn Myrtil of
Lauderdale Lakes, Florida,
appeared at Freeport Mag-
istrate's Court on charges of
possession of dangerous
drugs with intent to supply
and taking preparatory steps
to export dangerous drugs
from the Bahamas.
Myrtil, a mother of three,
was caught on Sunday -
Mother's Day at Lucayan
Harbour while undergoing
pre-boarding security screen-
ing at the Discovery Cruise
ship passenger terminal.
She was found in posses-
sion of two packages of sus-
pected cocaine, which were
hidden underneath her skirt.
Myrtil told Magistrate
Jones that she was not a
drug dealer and had never
been in trouble with the law
before. She is the mother of
three children ages 22, 17,
and 12, with a three-year-
old grandchild.
Myrtle explained that a
man she know only as
"Ray" sent her and a friend
two tickets to come to the
Bahamas for Mother's Day.
He then bought her some
clothing to wear and asked
her to take something to
Fort Lauderdale for him.
"I know that I am culpa-
ble for everything I do... but
I am not a bad person," she
Myrtil was sentenced to
two years' imprisonment on
both counts.



8:00 a.m. 9:00 a.m. Monday Friday

Early Childhood Teaching Experience necessary

(Preference given to primary teachers
with special edu. Training/experience)

Email resume to
by May 12th



Purchasing Manager
Blue Lagoon Island
Applications are invited for suitably qualified persons for the
position of Purchasing Manager. Highly innovative, proactive
purchasing/inventory professional with a strong knowledge of
contract negotiations.
B. A. in Business Administration or Management
Five (5) years experience in purchasing
An accounting background a plus
Contract Negotiations
Inventory Management
Cost Reduction
Customer Relationship Management
Ability to perform financial analyses
Analyze technical data in suppliers' proposals
Must be a team player
Must be flexible, organized and work on own initiative
Excellent communication skills
Salary will be commensurate with qualifications and experience.
Resumes inclusive of two recommendations and a copy of your
police record must be submitted to the Human Resources
Department, P.O. Box SS-6257, Nassau, Bahamas, no later
than Friday, May 13, 2005.


Tribune Freeport

FREEPORT Following
his capture in US waters last
week, Damian Stuart was
charged with murder and
possession of a firearm in,
Freeport Magistrate's Court
Appearing before Magis-
trate Subu LaSalle, Stuart,
22, was charged with mur-
dering Terrance Bowles
while concerned with anoth-
er at Garden Villas on April
Mr Bowles, a 27-year-old
resident of Pinder's Point,
was shot several times fol-,
lowing an argument with two
young men.
Jamaal Lewis, an 18-year-
old resident of Tasmanl
Close, has already been,
charged in the matter.
Last Saturday, US author-
ities apprehended Stuart in'
US waters. He and seven
other persons had been.
attempting to enter the US'
when the Coast Guard inter-
cepted their vessel near
Jupiter Inlet.
He was also charged with
two counts of possessing a
firearm and endangering the
lives of two persons.
The case was adjourned to
August 15.


LOT NO. 0 Block 7
PROPERTY SIZE: 3 Bed, 2 Bath
(10,875 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: East Side of'Jean St. off
Prince Charles Dr.

LOT NO. 47
PROPERTY SIZE: 10,908 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Tower Estates Dr.

LOT NO. Crown Allotment No. 53 Lot D
PROPERTY SIZE: Residential (5,995 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Bellot Rd. West of Faith Ave.

LOT NO. 544
PROPERTY SIZE: Single Family Residence
(9,600 sq. ft.)
SITE AREA: 2,457 sq. ft.
LOCATION: 130 ft. North of Spitfire Rd.

PROPERTY SIZE: Single Storey Residence with
Two Storey Apartment (3,483 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: 200 ft. from Lincoln Blvd./Wulff Rd.

LOT NO. 15
PROPERTY SIZE: Single Family Residence
(5,000 sq. ft.)
SITE AREA: 1,693 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Blue Hill Rd. South

LOT NO. 29 & 30
PROPERTY SIZE: Single Family Residence
(10,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Blue Hill Rd. South Comer of
East Hill Dr. .

PROPERTY SIZE: Residence & Apartment
Complex (11,600 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: 5N Northside of Sandilands Village

LOT NO. 1 & 3
PROPERTY SIZE: Commercial Complex
(13,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Sears Rd. Southern Side of Shirley St.

LOT NO. 17 Block LMNOP
PROPERTY SIZE: 3 Bed, 2 Bath (7,700 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Nassau Street & Boyd Rd.

PROPERTY SIZE: 2 Bed, 1 Bath Wooden Structure
(3,600 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: East Side of Andros Ave.

LOT NO. Crown Grant A-66 (Incomplete Structure)
PROPERTY SIZE: (10,875 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: 350 West of Refuge Court

LOT NO. 1438
PROPERTY SIZE: Split Level Single Family
Residence (5,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Wild Guava Ave.

LOT NO. 155 Block 4
PROPERTY SIZE: Residential (5,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Roberts Dr. East of East St. South

LOT NO. 122 Crown Allotment
PROPERTY SIZE: Apartment Complex
(9,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Bay St., Murphy Town

LOT NO. 44 & 45 Section 2 Block 10
PROPERTY SIZE: Condo (714 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Darshana Apartment #9


LOT NO. 20 Tract C
PROPERTY SIZE: (5,000 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: Eastern District

LOT NO. 24 Part of Crown Allotment A4-38
PROPERTY SIZE: (5,457 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: 228 ft. South of Fire Trail Rd.

LOT NO. 14
PROPERTY SIZE: (4,490 sq. ft.)
LOCATION: North of Sandyport Dr.


S, I


Kingsway Academy invites applicants from qualified and experienced candidates for a
position in the Administration Department at the Elementary School. The successful
candidate should meet the following criteria:
Be a committed Christian
Be able to assist with all aspects of the Administration mainly for Kindergarten
through grades six.
Have an appreciation for the integration of Christian principle with learning
Be capable of working in an environment with persons from diverse
cultural backgrounds
Have a special aptitude for school improvements, curriculum,
administration, staff and student development from a Biblical perspective, etc.
Have a Bachelor's Degree or above plus professional teaching qualifications
from approved institutions
Have a minimum of ten years teaching experience; three (3) of which must be
at the Primary level
Have at least two (2) years Administrative experience either as Team Leader,
Grade Level or Department Head.
Possess excellent organizational, inter-personal and communication skills
Be Knowledgeable and capable of utilizing current trends and techniques
which promote professional and academic development of teachers
Possess integrity and initiative
Information Required:
1. A letter of application
2. A full curriculum vitae with supporting documents of qualifications
3. A personal statement detailing your educational philosophy
4. References from three persons, (one must come from your Church Pastor)
Kingsway. Academy High School is in need of a qualified teacher for a period of twelve
weeks beginning in September 2005 for the following subjects:
Religious Studies
Christian Values
Successful applicants must:
Be born again Christians, with minimum qualifications of a Bachelor's Degree
in the appropriate subject areas
Have a valid Teacher's Certificate
Be familiar with the B.J.C. and B.G.C.S.E. Syllabus (H.S.)
Have excellent communication skills
SHave high standards of morality
Have a love for children and learning
Be willing to participate in extra curricular activities
Letters of application together with a recent color photograph and detailed Curriculum
Vitae (including the names and address of at least three references, one being the name
of one's church minister) are required
All information should be submitted to:
Ms. Kelcine Hamilton
Academy Affairs Manager
Kingsway Academy Business Office
Bernard Road
Deadline for the above applications is Friday, May 20, 2005.

has a vacancy for the position of

Associate degree in Business Administration, Finance or
a related field
Nastac Series 7 Course or the Canadian Securities Course
(preferred, but not essential, as training will be available as
Four years commercial banking experience with a minimum of 2
years credit experience
Experience managing diverse loan portfolios and assessing
loan quality
Detailed knowledge of retail/commercial lending practices and
credit analysis (to ensure the integrity of the portfolio)
Excellent communication, analytical and reasoning skills
Excellent leadership skills
Strong interpersonal skills (to work effectively with staff
and customers)
Strong PC skills
Solicitation of new customers and managing sales activities
S (to enhance the profitability of the unit)
Effectively leadership and support to achieve corporate objectives
Reviewing and implementing new customer, mortgage and
commercial lending activities and organizational strategies
Managing loan portfolios and assessing loan quality
S Promoting excellent Service Quality
Adjudicating credit lines within the delegated authority
Fidelity Bank (Bahamas) Limited offers an excellent remuneration
and benefits package including performance-based incentives,
medical insurance, life and long tern disability insurances and
V pension plan.
Send resume no later than Friday 13th May 2005 to:

Human Resources Depaitment
Re: Personal Banking Officer (Credit)
Head Office, Cable Beach
P.O. Box N-7502
Fax 327.5175





laid to rest

A PARADE of fire engines
led a funeral parade through
Marsh Harbour, Abaco, at the
weekend as popular part-time
firefighter Stanton Chea was
laid to rest.
The man described by friends
as a "champion" of the com-
munity was buried at Marsh
Harbour Cemetery on Satur-
Mr Chea died after receiving
massive internal injuries when a
tyre ring exploded at his truck-
ing plant. He was working on
the truck wheel at the time.
As he fought for his life, more
than 30 Abaconians lined up to
give blood following a donor
appeal. But he died in an ambu-
lance on his way to a Florida
hospital, having been airlifted
from Nassau.
An Abaco source said yes-
terday: "The turnout at the

funeral, and the response to the
blood donor call, said much
about Mr Chea's popularity.
"He was a man who did
things for people in a very qui-
et way. He was someone the
community really respected."
Mr Chea's coffin was carried
on a pick-up truck led by the
fire engines.
Fellow firemen stood
throughout the service at St
John the Baptist Anglican
Church as a mark of respect to
their dead colleague.
A tourist, Carolyn Wilson, a
retired police sergeant from
Dade County, Florida, played
the bagpipes during the burial.
"When she played Amazing
Grace, it was a very touching
moment," said an onlooker.
Mr Chea's brother-in-law,
Rod Turnquest, gave the eulo-


IDnomlnka PM .wtmon in

after ck-tiokn victory

"Copyrighted Material -_

\ Syndicated Content .
Available from Commercial News Providers"

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In Conjunction With

Atlantic College



Date: Monday, May 16, 2005 Friday, May 27, 2005
Venue: Atlantic College, Hay Street
(next door to Missin Baptist Church)

Application Form



Telephone: Cellular Fax:____

P.O. Box: Email:

COST: $100.00
(Space Is Limited to 25 persons only)

Contact Persons: Pam Deveaux, Antoinette Rolle or
Antoinette Bain, BAIC
Telephone: 322-3740-3 Fax: 328-6542
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A Product of The Handicraft Development/Marketing
& Public Relations Dept.

PAGE 6, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005



Government's 'bad

from FNM

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE FNM will stage a
"report card style" rally tonight
to grade the government's
performance since the 2002
Party leader Tommy Turn-
quest said the FNM will hand
down a verdict of "disappoint-
ing" for the PLP's first three
years on office.
The rally was to be held last
Tuesday, but was postponed out
of respect for Prime Minister
Perry Christie, who suffered a
slight stroke that morning.
Mr Christie was released
from hospital on Friday and is
expected to be on reduced
duties for at least a month.
Mr Turnquest said it is clear
that the PLP has disappointed
the Bahamian people.
He said tonight's rally would
address many of the major con-
cerns on the minds of Bahami-
"In the past three years, they
have been rocked by numerous
scandals including the Korean






FIVE members of the Royal
Bahamas Defence Force
returned home following suc-
cessful completion of nine
weeks of in-depth academic and
practical training:in the US.
The men were in training at
the Naval Small Craft Instruc-
tion and Technical Training
School, which operates from the
John C Stennis Space Centre in
Lower Gainesville, Mississippi.
The courses are sponsored in
part by the International Mili-
tary Education Training.
Petty Officers Berkley
Thompson and William Charl-
ton both completed the "patrol
craft operation riverine train-
ing course".
This eight-week course pro-
vided them with training to plan
and execute patrol craft opera-
tions on the river.
Training included basic life
support, human rights, seaman-
ship, land and sea navigation,
rules of the road, patrolling,
boarding and searching, water-
borne guard post, insertion and
extraction, hot extraction and
warning orders.
Charlton also attended a one-
week course on the rule of law
and its impact on human rights
and military operations.
Thompson additionally attend-
ed a one-week instructors devel-
opment course that allowed him
to enhance his training skills.
Both Thompson and Charl-
ton are currently assigned to the
Squadron section of the
Defence Force.


Able Mechanic Devlyn Bona-
by completed the "patrol craft
hull maintenance course". This
eight-week course provided him
the opportunity to repair fiber-
glass and gain familiarity with
the types of welding associated
with hull engineering.
Marine Mechanic Joseph
Sawyer completed the Out-
board Motor Maintenance and
Overhaul course during the
same period. This course pro-
vided him with advanced train-
ing required to operate and
maintain outboard motors.
Students were required to
completely disassemble and
reassemble a gear case, carbu-
retor and power heads.
Able Mechanic Devlyn Bona-
by is currently assigned to the
Hull Section of the Defence
Force, and Marine Mechanic
Sawyer is on the Caribbean
Support Tender, United States
Coast Guard Cutter Gentian
completing a tour of duty.
Leading Seaman lan Morley
completed a one-month "patrol
craft weapons maintenance
course". The aim of this course

was to provide the basic training
required to repair and perform
routine and preventative main-
tenance on patrol craft and crew
member weapon systems.

* TOMMY Turnquest
boat fiasco, the rental of the
Junkanoo bleachers and the
continued victimisation of
Mr Turnquest criticised the
PLP members for what he said
was constant and blatant abuse
of position, -and said that the
party's code of ethics is not

worth the paper it is printed on.
He added that the conduct of
certain party members has
caused the PLP to reach a
moral and ethical low.


"I think Bahamians are look-
ing forward to getting rid of
them," he said when asked
about the government's chances
in the 2007 election.
Tonight's rally will address
many of the major concerns on
the minds of Bahamians includ-
ing: The recent Cable Beach
development deal; the LNG
pipeline proposals before gov-
ernment; the government's
CSME stance; the controversy
surrounding Holy Cross MP
Sidney Stubbs.
The rally starts at 7.30pm in
the parking lot of the Prince
Charles Shopping Centre.

TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 7


PAGE 8, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005



BORROWER: The funds, revenues and resources of The Clifton Heritage Authority shall consist of:

any funds as from time to time are provided by Parliament,
.-any funds as from time to time accrue to The Clifton Heritage Authority from the
management of Clifton Heritage,
.- ny funds as from time to time are borrowed by The Clifton Heritage Authority or
raised by The Clifton Heritage Authority, pursuant to Section 10 of The Clifton
Heritage Authority Act,~2004, and
an unds as frsaom time to time are advanced to The Clifton Heritage Authority
n. a nt Section 10 of The Clifton Heritage Authority Act, 2004.

Thed.,wich a tche subjetof this prospectus, are issued min accordance with Section

(LARANIOR: The Bndswhch co~ ise thi issue are guaranteed biy the Government of The


P.O. BOX N-4868
TEL: 1 (242) 3221-2600

The following inforni
of The Bahamas.


Recunett Expenditure (exc
Repayment ofF
Capital Development Exper
(excluding loans con
advances to public c<
** Provisional estimates fromn
* The National Debt amount

Bahamas to be B$2,52

i, and manage The
[eritage Park. The
d interpreters who
|yalist, Enslaved

IN T R O D U C TIO N ........ ...... ..................... ........................................................................ 3

BACKG OUND INFORMATIN........................... ............................................

FI NCA INFRMA ........................ .... ..................................... ......


S" SR: The Clifton Heritage Authority

SGUJARANToR: .i The Government of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas

A MOUN T NJ:$24,000,000.00

IAiRTYDThS B$8,00000 due on May 20,2025
1$8,000,W00 due on May 20, 2030
B$8,000,000 due on May-20, 2035

B011"L RA "onds dueo May2", 20.25 at i/2% per
Bonds due t n l, v20, 2030 at 5/8% per
,Bonds deonI y 20, 2035 at 3/4% per

The Bonds will beat interetfroinMay 20, 2005 at-h interest rates shown above. T
b ade onNovember 20, 2 5 and ub t itst payments wll be made on :
-aeach year thereafter until d i b aware rpaid.

USE 01 PRO F'Sc-oee t o BIonldueiUse oflProceeds- onpage 4

..CEOF- B ...: ..theondwle mnge
Bank of5T4' 'as4.

'at 0- .nm on.~ ,My t '0 ,A- l n los: .
-\d4'-''5~ >4~5i"44"l


T.heB~ o.d m .i t dcretion olthe ISSUER and with the consent of the
GUARANTOR, be listed and traded on a domestic stockjpxchange.

Applications to purchase the bonds may be nade by the following only:
-... w :, an.in2(u, r. ras u tR .ily.1~owned hv RBaharnian citizens;


This is a prospectus for the subscription of bonds issued by The Clifton Heritage Authority (The Authority).
This offer is made solely upon terms and conditions contained in: this prospectus, and no person has been
authorized tb providanpy information orto make any representations with regard to the bonds being offered
other than by way of this prospectus..

OND : I TIONS OF The right is reserved to reject any application in whole or in part.
AM ,OT rVNT A ll applications must be fully ~completed using the form provided herein and
mu ist be for a minimum purchase of B$~O0.00, and in increments of B$100.00
In allocating bonds subscribed for, subscriptions from individuals up to
B$ 10,000 willbe fully served before any applications will be made to
corporwte ..-*b bers. That portioni of individual subscriptions in excess of
.B."$10(), i and corporate subscriptions-will be allocated on a pro rata basis.

A laPLonCA'TION $ s for tBondsshou dbe made to the Reitriusiv
inc.udud in this ProspecAtus pcatiosfiorms may be obtained from The
Central Batik oft The Bahama, Te Public TTeasury, Marlborough Street,
Naqsau, or anyof the following:

Baitk of The au a International
Bitish Anerica Banik, (1193) Limited
oCiibank N...A.

:.-..o5 s4:: 5 -- S."'s.... o .......
CiChnaI inanctal Advisors Limited
Cmmiweath Basnk Limted "i
Fidclty M archantBa k<rustiLiuted
Fillancu Corpo~ration of Bahamas Limited
SBirtWaribbeFinanuce Corp (Bahamas) Linited'
FirstCarbean Iiinternational Bank Limited
RalBaink-of CanadaI (The)
Sc"otiaank ( VB'hmas) Lim'ed
SG HG5ambrs Bank & Irs Bahamas) Limited

An early examination of the previouslymunknown two subsurface struct
remains showed association with materials from the second half of theI
century. The architectural style of the first is associated ,witis d
and this structure may represen'ne of the earli '
The second structure, a well-preserved li.
archaeologists to f er their radiodIbo '

__ 1





The Registrar
c/o The Central Bank of The Bahamas
P.O. Box N-4868
Nassau, Bahamas
I/We hereby apply for the following amount of The Clifton Heritage Authority Bonds:

Insert below the amount applied for
in units ofsB$100

1/2 % Above Prime Rate
5/8 % Above Prime Rate,
3/4 % Above Prime Rate

Bonds 2025 B$
Bonds 2030 B$_
Bonds 2035 B$___

and undertake to accept any less amount which may be allotted to me/us.

I/We enclose B$- in payment for the Bonds applied for. In the event of the full
amount of Bonds applied for above is/are not allotted to me/us, I/we request that the sum refundable to me/us be
applied for the following Bonds:

1/2 % Above Prime Rate
5/8 % Above Prime Rate
3/4 % Above Prime Rate

Bonds 2025 B$
Bonds 2030 B$_
Bonds 2035 B$_



Ordinary Signature

Name in Full (BLOCK LETTERS, state whether Mr., Mrs., or Miss and titles if any.)

Address (Corporation etc. should give Registered Addresses, Telephone Numbers, Facsmile Numbers)

(where two or more persons apply as joint subscribers, the additional names and addresses should be given
Ordinary Signature
Name in Full
Telephone No.

Ordinary Signature
Name in Full
Telephone No.

I/We hereby request interest to be paid by:
M Bank Credit

Account holder Name
Bank Name
Bank Branch

Type of Account
Account Number

Tribune Freeport Reporter
Bahama branch of a major US
eyewear manufacturer is look-
ing to expand its operations to
supply the Caribbean and South
According to Ron LaPlant,
the manager of PDQ Optical
Laboratories in Freeport, the
proposed expansion will include
the hiring and training of sev-
eral more Bahamians.

At the momentthere are two
Bahamian employees at PDQ.
Mr LaPlant revealed the plan
for the expansion at an indus-
trial safety and ergonomics sem-
inar hosted by PDQ in
It featured details about the
latest optical developments and
PDQ manufactures eyeglass-
es, contact lenses, industrial
safety glasses and ergonomic
computer eyewear.
Its plant in Freeport current-

ly supplies eyewear products to
eyecare providers in the
The company started its oper-
ations two years ago on Grand
"We manufacture every pair
of glasses that is made for any-
body, as well as the safety glass-
es and other safety supply for all
the industrial companies in the
Bahamas," Mr LaPlant said.
"We have the most modern
equipment to etch lenses and
manufacturing here is going
well," said Mr LaPlant.
Eyewear technology is chang-
ing all the time, with new eye-
glass materials becoming safer
and thinner, and contact lenses
more comfortable. There is also
new technology for non-surgical
vision correction.
"There are different lens
products that did not exist 10
years ago such as impact resis-
tance, transition, and AVR pro-
tection," Mr LaPlant added.
Bahamian Laverne Pinder
was selected through the Urban
Renewal Programme as a can-
didate for a five-week training
at PDQ's Wisconsin facilities.
"She did extremely well and
we are looking at sending more
persons because we are look-
ing as a lab to provide the whole
Caribbean and South Ameri-
ca," Mr LaPlant said.
Grand Bahama Chamber
president Dr Doswell Coakley
said the seminar attracts net-
working between domestic and
international partners.
He said that PDQ and Inte-
grated Vision, a large sales and
marketing firm on the interna-
tional scene, holds seminars
once a year which attracts many
thousands of persons seeking
to know more about eye care
"What we are hoping through
this exchange is to encourage
them not only to bring their
seminar here, but to encourage
people in their part of the US to
come here for their sympo-
sium," he said.



has a vacancy for the position of



Nastac Series 7 or the Canadian Securities Course and must
Of be familiar with investment products
Four years commercial banking experience, two of which must
have been in collections
Excellent communication skills, including written and oral and
human relations
Excellent attitude, punctuality and attendance records
Associate degree in Business Administration or a related field


0 Performing administrative functions to assist with the recovery
process in accordance with the Bank's policies and
Making field calls and contacting delinquent customers for the
recovery of funds
Providing financial guidance to delinquent customers
Preparing reports and court documents to assist with
the recovery process
Attending court on behalf of the bank

Fidelity Bank (Bahamas) Limited offers an excellent remuneration
and benefits package including performance-based incentives,
medical insurance, life and long tern disability insurances and
pension plan.

Send resume no later than Friday 13th May 2005 to:

Human Resources Department
Re: Financial Recovery Officer
Head Office, Cable Beach
P.O. Box N-7502
Fax 327.5175


TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 9

Company opens

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Interest rate as low as 7.75% for
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Interest only for first three months
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Financing available for closing.
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of furniture

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C 0 M M 0 N W E A L T H B A N K Mortgage Loans

FISHERMEN are being
invited to test their skills and
try their hand at hooking
more than $30,000 in prizes
this weekend all in the
name of a good cause.
The annual Marlin Marine
fishing tournament, now in
its 11th year, will be held this
coming weekend (May 14
and 15) and, as always, the
proceeds will go to the
Bahamas Air Sea Rescue
Association (BASRA).
The tournament hosts are
encouraging fishermen to
come out and show their
support for BASRA and the
invaluable work it has done
through the years.
"They watch after all us
boaters, both Bahamian and
foreign, so let's give some-
thing back," a Marlin Marine
spokesman said.
Entrants will be compet-
ing.for a top prize worth
more than $15,000, and Mar-
lin Marine is promising a
close and exciting tourna-
"Come on, join the tour-
nament, have some fun and
show BASRA you care" he
Application forms and
rules are available at Marlin
Marine and BASRA head-
quarters, both on East Bay
BASRA is the only search
and rescue organisation in
the Bahamas.
It operates on a complete-
ly volunteer basis and is sup-
ported by donations, grants
and legacies from all sectors
of the community.
his catch last year

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Our core values define how we view our clients, our work and our interaction with each other:
1. There is no greater privilege than serving our clients
2. Excellence is the only standard by which we measure our work
3. Enjoyment and laughter are at the centre of all we do

The Role
Due to continued business success, we are seeking a .NET Software Developer to join our
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applications. Your responsibilities will encompass activities across 'the full System
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specification and which exceed our clients' expectations.

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Minimum of 2 years experience developing web applications in VB. NT &.ASP.t\ a 9
Store Procedures using MS SQL Server 2000 .. > "<..
MS Visual Studio 2003
XML, XSLT related technologies
CSS, ADO.NET and the MS .NET Framework
Bachelor of Computer Science or equivalent '
Microsoft Certifications are ideal

How to Apply
Please email resumes no later than Friday, 20 May 2005 to:

Suite 202 I Island Traders Building I East Bay Street I P.O. Box N-1081 I Nassau, The Bahamas
T 242.393.8002 F 242.393.8003 I I

Fishing event to

draw in crowds


PAGE 10, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005


FROM page one

In last year's Budget debate,
Prime Minister Perry Christie said
one of the national priorities of gov-
ernment is to contain fiscal deficit
and progressively eliminate it to
reduce the ratio of government debt
to the Gross Domestic Product
(GDP). At that time the external
reserves stood just under $600 mil-
"We had been moving at a fairly
good rate, especially in revenue, and
doing very well prior to September,"
said Mr Smith. "We saw a bit of a
rebound following that and we are
likely to end the year overall not too
far off our earlier targets."
He said that the priorities in the
budget will still give emphasis to edu-
cation, health, social welfare and
security, but will also focus largely on

Upcoming budget

environmental issues.
Mr Smith said the agency direct-
ly responsibility for environmental
matters, the BEST Commission, had
been given an enlarged mandate to
oversee a number of investment pro-
"A lot of resources have been
going into that area, especially train-
ing, and I think the government
showed great sensitivity to environ-
mental matters. It is important, not
just to the government, but to the
rest of us. Our major industry
depends on it, so sensitivity to the
environment by all Bahamians is a
matter'that we all have to take seri-
ously," said Mr Smith.
When asked if he expects a great
deal of criticism from the opposi-

tion, Mr Smith said the budget
reflects accuracy and is fashioned
very prudently. He said it reflects
the administration's commitment to
cap deficit spending and restore fis-
cal order.
"The role of the opposition is to
criticise," he continued, "but the
budget reflects where we are, tak-
ing into account what is happening
now on the ground and what we
expect to happen later on. We are
always mindful of how vulnerable
the Bahamas is and that the best laid
plans made in life often go astray,
so we have to always build into any
budget a safety mechanism.
"It's the usual call in the Bahamas
and most countries," he said. "We
try to improve our revenue admin-

istration to ensure that we can get
the maximum out of the current lev-
el of revenue measures and trying
not to rely too heavily on any new
revenue measures or increased taxes.
"Inevitably you have to look at
some of them, but again, generally
speaking, we are going to try very
hard not to have to touch too many
of the tax issues going forward."
Mr Smith said government is ask-
ing for restraint on the part of their
people, particularly those who work
in the public .service, "to try and
always be judicious with expendi-
ture, to make sure you get value for
your money."
According to the Minister of
State, the economy started on a
path to expansion in 2002 and
2003, before it was hit with global
"Going back to 2000," he said,
"with the downturn of the global

economy, followed by terrorism
events 2001, the Iraqi war of 2003
and, of course, the hurricanes of
2004. So we have obviously had a
number of challenges which have
impacted the local economy

notwithstanding those we seem to
have weathered the storm, and we
are looking forward, barring anoth-
er natural disaster, to improved
performances over the next year or

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into crash

landing at


FROM page one

rying 19 passengers and two
crew members, was forced
to land on disabled gear at
the western end of the air-
The passengers and crew
were able to deplane nor-
mally and safely, however,
the disabled aircraft pre-
vented the use of the run-
way until it was moved with
heavy equipment.
As a result, flights prepar-
ing for departure were
delayed and flights sched-
uled to land were diverted
while emergency crews were
Minister of Transport and
Aviation Glenys Hanna
Martin said that "while we
were frustrated with the
delays, we are thankful that
there were no injuries."
After the emergency
crews arrived and the pas-
sengers were safely taken
from the aircraft, the Flight
Standards Inspectorate
immediately launched a pre-
liminary investigation into
the incident.
Inspectorate manager Pat
Rolle said that "interviews
have already been carried
out with the flight crew and
we will proceed to conduct a
thorough inspection of all
maintenance records of the
Friday's incident caused
particular inconvenience to
travellers because NIA is
currently only operating
with one runway instead of
two, as the main runway
14/34 is still undergoing
"Ordinarily we would
simply switch runways in an
incident like this, but the
main runway is currently
being rehabilitated and will
not reopen until June 27, but
delays were kept to a mini-
mum and the airport is now
functioning normally," said
the Airport Authority's
Joseph Reckley.
Minister Hanna Martin
earlier this year warned that
the reconstruction work
could cause setbacks for
those travelling in and out
of the airport. She said that
people will be required to
check in three hours before
Authorities are also inves-
tigating the crash of a sin-
gle-engine Piper Cherokee
140 aircraft which sank in
the water after it took off
from the Bahamas on its
way to Fort Pierce, Florida.
The plane, carrying a
Georgia couple, crashed in
the waters near the Fort
Pierce inlet on Saturday at
5pm after it out of fuel,
according to the US Coast
The man and the woman,
ages 56 and 52, escaped
without serious injuries and
were rescued from the water
by three rescue boats.

Limo group bridge threat

FROM page one

president of the limousine asso-
ciation; aware of Kerzner's posi-
According to Mr Culmer,
the disgruntled drivers would
like firstly, to be allowed
access to Atlantis guests who
would want to engage their
services, and secondly, to be
compensated for over two
years of lost revenue to
Bahamas Experience.
"This is no play-play busi-
ness. We are quite ready to
be David in this David versus
Goliath story. We have asked
the prime minister and the
minister of transport, to bring
a resolution to-this, but it
seems like no one cares.
."So that is why we need to
take charge of this because
our livelihood depends on
this. Our children depend on
this, and we are prepared to
do what it takes to have this
resolved. Someone has sug-
gested to block the bridge and
we are prepared to do that
too," he said.
The ULOA says the
involvement of any foreigner
in ground transportation is
contrary to the stated policy
of the government, which it
claimed, reserves this business

for Bahamians.
As a result, the organisation
has demanded that Bahamas
Experience and Atlantis limit
their contractual limousine
service to casino guests and
their executives, discontinue
the current practice of direct
room billing for limousine ser-
vices for guests, ensure that
limousine services provided
for casino guests are clearly
identified and discontinue the
practice of Atlantis' agents
referring airport walkout pas-
sengers to Bahamas Experi-
ence or any other operator.
However Mr Fields empha-
sised that, Kerzner has "a
written policy that BET only
facilitates pre-arranged pick-
ups, and that persons that
walk up to the Atlantis desk
at the airport without previ-
ously made arrangements,
should be directed to the inde-
pendent limousine call-up
"As far as limiting the type
of services available to guests,
surely we cannot tell a guest
sitting in New York that he
cannot book a limousine in
advance with BET, in the
same way that we cannot tell
that guest that he cannot book
a limousine with an indepen-
dent driver."

He is survived by 2 brothers Clarence
and Stafford Cunningham, of Brooklyn
N.Y. and Sarasota Florida, 3 sisters,
Eva Dean of Hallandale Florida, Nellie
Bain of Cabbage Hill, Crooked Island
and Lillian Coakley of Brooklyn N.Y.; 9
nephews, 10 nieces, numerous other
relatives and friends including Edna
Cunningham, John Cunningham, Mrs.
Annie Campbell of New Providence and
the Cunningham families of Cabbage
Hill, Crooked Island.

Mr Fields categorically
denied that Kerzner had any
interest in BET. "There are
services that we provide BET
with, as we do in the case of
others we have contractual
arrangements with. For the
services we provide those con-
ces ionaires, there is an
administrative fee."
The ULOA members said
they will take whatever legal
action is available to them as
Bahamians, including public
demonstrations to stop a
"creeping monopoly in the
limousine business" from
depriving them and their fam-
ilies of a livelihood.

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TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 11


PAGE 12, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005

* A

Can a salad

be the highlight

of your day?

M THE boys from Roker's Point Primary School perform at the Family Island Regatta

Roker's boys are on song

GEORGE Town, Exuma Roker's Point Pri-
mary School is winning fans with its unique all-
boy choir.
The boys, aged eight to 12, are regulars on the
Exuma concert tour, performing at the Family
Island Regatta, at the Four Seasons Resort at
Emerald Bay, at Ministry of Tourism tea parties
and other social and cultural events.
All this despite the fact that Roker's Point Pri-
mary does not have a music teacher.

Principal Betty Nixon formed the choir three
years ago to motivate the boys and keep them
from negative influences. It is the only of its kind
in the Ministry of Education system
"I formed the choir because of our love for
singing," said Mrs Nixon. "I always sang in the
church choir in Nassau.
"I don't know music so we use CDs and tracts
to assist us with background music. But we have
always been well-received.

Laboratories to meet

international standards


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BOTH public and private
medical laboratories will have
to meet international standards
as the law is updated.
Dr Merceline Dahl-Regis,
chief medical officer at the Min-
istry of Health, said that the
Bahamas' 1999 Health Care
Facilities Act will be amended.
Dr-Merceline Dahl-Regis,
chief medical officer, Ministry
of Health, made the disclosure
at the closing of the Caribbean
Epidemiology Centre
(CAREC) Medical Laboratory
Strengthening Project Sub-
regional Information Manage-
ment Workshop.

The workshop was attended
by participants from The
Bahamas, St Vincent and the
Grenadines, Barbados, and
"In April 2004, the Bahamas
established a multi-cultural
National Medical Laboratory
Strengthening Committee
incorporating stakeholders from
18 private and public sector lab-
oratories," Dr Dahl-Regis said.
The committee, chaired by
Dr Andree Hanna, was to con-
sider the establishment of a
regionally and internationally
accredited national laboratory
system that provides affordable

quality services to meet the
health needs of residents of The
"The committee also strives
to encourage a well-equipped
and adequately staffed network
of labs, and aims to ensure that
the results provided are consis-
tently accurate, relevant and
timely to foster the delivery of
quality health care to persons
living in the Bahamas," Dr
Dahl-Regis said.
The committee performs as
an information sharing group
and participates in regional
committees and regional train-
ing programmes.


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Th' Bahpmas ..

.Morefh an $20O r!1111ion revenue -*'
tf thr e Public Treasury per year. U 'W

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^ WpoWIh pying technical joks to

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.-~~~INN ,Sb.^!e ^e ^
wmA kk Aj t P%,
$9 Mwiion Liii e uy se e ^a^^m
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TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005


Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall Street

Police investigation

at insurance firm

Tribune Business
A WEALTHY Barbadi-
an and a group of Bahamian
liquefied petroleum gas
(LPG) entrepreneurs,
including MP Tennyson
Wells, are among the com-
petition for the Freeport Oil
Holdings Company
(FOCOL) in the race to
acquire Shell (Bahamas)
retail distribution business,
The Tribune can reveal.
Multiple sources yester-
day told this newspaper that
among the interested bid-
ders was Khyssen Simpson,
one of the richest men in
Barbados, who had previ-
ously acquired that country's
Shell petroleum distribution
business. He is also under-
stood to own the Suzuki and
Mercedes dealerships on
that island.
It is understood that the
data room, where Shell
(Bahamas) made available
its book for due diligence
inspection by prospective
SEE page two

Tribune Business Editor
THE Royal Bahamas Police
Force yesterday confirmed it
was conducting an ongoing
investigation into allegations of
missing funds at insurer Roy-
alStar Assurance.
Responding to The Tribune's
inquiries, Chief Superintendent
Hulan Hanna said: "I can con-
firm that an investigation is
going on. It's ongoing." He
declined to reveal further
details for fear that it would
compromise the probe's

Multiple insurance industry
sources yesterday told The Tri-
bune that "pretty big numbers"
were involved, with estimates
ranging from $400,000 to $1.5
million. The situation at Roy-
alStar, which is a property and
casualty insurer, was said to
have been the talk of the insur-
ance industry over the week-

Ocean Club income

forecast to grow 38%

Steve Watson, RoyalStar
Assurance's managing director,
was yesterday out of the coun-
try and unavailable for com-
ment. His deputy, Peter
Muscroft, did not return a call
for comment despite The Tri-
bune leaving a detailed phone
Only a small minority of
employees are thought to be

Senior Business Reporter

FINANCIAL services,-executives yes-
terday uiged the Central Bank of the
Bahamas and the Financial Intelligence
Unit (FIU) to combine their efforts and
produce streamlined industry anti-money
laundering guidelines.
In an interview with The Tribune, Tame-
ka Forbes, risk manager for Bank of the
Bahamas International, said one of the
major issues for the consultative group of
compliance officers was that the new anti-
money laundering guidelines produced by
the Central Bank should have been com-
bined with the Financial Intelligence Unit's
(FIU) Suspicious Transaction and Anti-
Money Laundering guidelines.
A member of a focus group comprised
of representatives from FirstCaribbean
International Bank, Commonwealth Bank
and Bank of the Bahamas International,
Ms Forbes said the combining of both the
Central Bank and FIU guidelines would
help to clarify any confusion compliance
officers may have in regard to client risk
ratings and the reporting of suspicious
The most recent Central Bank guide-
lines are the third set of guidelines issued

involved in the investigation.
The Tribune knows the identi-
ties of some involved, but can-
not name them for legal rea-

Despite the police investiga-
tion, RoyalStar's capital base
and financial solvency are

extremely strong, so policy-
holders have no reason for
The Tribune revealed earli-
er this year how the company
was planning to further
strengthen its capital base
through a $5 million preference
share offering, bolstering its
strength further in the wake of
the 2004 hurricane season. ;

to Bahamian bank and trust company
licensees and are a consolidation of the
interim guidelines.
The compliance officers committee is
also suggesting the implementation of a
time limit within which FIU officials will
respond to licensees following the report-
ing of a suspicious transaction. The Cen-
tral Bank guidelines say licensees should
seek permission from the FIU to continue
a business relationship or transaction with
a client in regard to a suspicious transac-
tion, but does not address any sort of time-
frame within which the FIU would report
back to the licensee.
The committee is recommending that
following a suspicious transaction report to
the FIU, the agency agree to notify the

RoyalStar Assurance is the
former Royal & Sun Alliance
(Bahamas), and was created
when the latter was purchased
in October 2002 by a consor-
tium including Star General
Insurance, Franklyn Wilson's
Sunshine Insurance, British
American Insurance
and Trinidadian insurer,

licensee concerning the continuation of
the clientrTelationship transaction within a
timeframe of 24 to 48 hours.
The committee forwarded its response
to the Central Bank on April 29, Ms
Forbes said, adding that they had not
received a response because the regula-
tor had asked the entire sector for com-
ments and was likely to be waiting for all
response before making a determination.
Meanwhile, industry stakeholders have
for the first time seen Foundations guide-
lines, with the Central Bank including this
product in its guidelines on the preven-
tion and detection of money laundering.
The guidelines also set new deadlines
SEE page three

Tribune Business Editor

WALL STREET analysts have raised their 2005 operating
income forecast for Paradise Island's One & Only Ocean Club
by 38.4 per cent, increasing it to $13.7 million compared to the $9.9
million actually earned in 2004, while taking their share price tar-
get for parent company Kerzner International from $75 to $77.
Lawrence Klatzkin, of Jefferies and Company, said in a note to
investors following last week's first quarter results announcement
that Kerzner International has "much potential for future growth
not reflected in the company's stock price".
He reiterated the investment bank's 'Buy' rating on Kerzner
International's stock, adding that the company's first quarter
adjusted earnings per share (EPS) of $1.30 had "significantly beat-
en" Jefferies and Company's $1.17 estimate, plus the Wall Street
$1.19 consensus.
Mr Klatzkin said: "As a result, we are increasing our 2005 EPS
and EBITDA estimates to $2.95 per share and $212 million from
SEE page two

NEW OFFERING Harbourfront two and three bedroom condominiums. Features:
Granite countertops, Travertine tile floors, Private elevator to each apt., Steam room
and Jacuzzi tubs, Spacious oversized balconies. Architectural features: Indirect
Lighting, Central air and heating. Guest services include: Security, Dry cleaning pick
up, Mail delivery, Personal bill paying service, Concierge desk, Business
center/Conference room, Receptionist service, Resort quality pools, Hot tubs and
Waterfalls, Management services, Storage, Secure covered parking, Fitness center
Prices start at $790,000 for a 2 bed 2.5 bath with a study 2,200
sq. ft. (under a/c) plus 617 sq. ft. of balcony.

George Damianos 362-4211
Virginia Damianos 322-2305

Exclusive Affiliate of
Knight "
Frank e


New client verification

deadlines set for December

31 and June 30, 2006

_ -~ I :;::~


Tel: (242) 356-7764

Tel: (242) 351-3010

-- I -

Call fo ,o .rnatio


PAGE 2B, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005



The Public is hereby advised that I, SEAN A. THOMPSON,
of Jumbey Street, Pinewood Gardens, Nassau, Bahamas,
intend to change my name to SEAN A. ROKER. If there
are any objections to this change of name by Deed Poll,
you may write such objections to the Chief Passport
Officer, PO.Box N-742, Nassau, Bahamas no later than
thirty (30) days after the date of publication of this notice.

;NOTICE is hereby given that ELSA WILSON, P.O.BOX N
applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
"Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The
rBahamas, and that any person who knows any reason why
registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written and signed statement of the facts within twenty-
veight days from the 10TH day of MAY, 2005 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147,
:Nassau, Bahamas.

,CAY, ABACO, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 10TH day of MAY, 2005 to the Minister responsible
for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau,


Palm Beach Street in the Southern
District of the Island of New
Providence one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas,

NOTICE is hereby given that all persons
having any claim or demand against the
above Estate are required to send the same
S'duly certified' i writing to'th6 Undersigtied
on or before the 9th June, 2005 after which
date the Executor will proceed to distribute
the assets having regard only to the claims
of which he shall then have had notice.

AND NOTICE is hereby also given that
all persons indebted to the said Estate are
requested to make full settlement on or
before the date hereinbefore mentioned.


Deltec House
Lyford Cay

P.O. Box N-3247
Nassau, Bahamas
Attorneys for the Executor

Pricing Information As Of:
5kI 9 May 2005

52wk-HI S2wk-Low




Ocean Club income

forecast to grow 38%

FROM page one

$2.80 per share and $191 mil-
"We are also increasing our
2006 EPS and EBITDA esti-
mates to $3.14 per share and
$223 million from $2.96 per
share and $206 million."
Mr Klatzkin has been one of
the most bullish analysts on
Kerzner International, although
competitors such as Bear
Stearns and CIBC World Mar-
kets have been more cautious,
warning that much of the value
added by the company's expan-
sion projects has already been
priced into the stock. As a
result, they rate the company
more of a 'Sector Perform' than
Kerzner International's
closed last night at $ on Wall
Street, having by yesterday, but
still some way short of
Mr Klatzkin's $77 per share tar-
The Jefferies and Company
analyst said in his report that
Kerzner International's future
growth potential would come
from the $650 million Phase III
expansion on Paradise Island,
the closure of a $700 million
financing facility that will allow
the firm to break ground on its
$1.1 million Atlantis, The Palm
project this year, and the $230
million 600-room hotel and casi-'
no in Morocco that it is con-
structing as a joint venture with'
that nation's government.
Mr Klatzkin said the new
projects, including Phase III on
Paradise Island, would add $14
in value to Kerzner Interna-
tional's share price. Adding this
to the $63 share price target for
the company's existing busi-
nesses gave the $77 target.
The Jefferies and Company
analyst said Kerzner Interna-
tional was still expecting to gen-
erate $100 million in operating
income from the Phase III
.expansion during, its first full
year in operation in 2007. Con-
struction work on the 600-room

luxury all-suite hotel is sched-
uled to begin this quarter.
Mr Klatzkin said: "Kerzner
plans on making the resort
more of a theme park with
more water rides and a new
Swim with the Dolphins
encounter, which should help
the property with its capacity
problems. In fact, with the addi-
tional capacity, the company
plans to sell tickets to the
water park to outside day visi-
"We believe these additions
give Atlantis a greater entry
into the luxury mass market as
management has indicated
there has been a large demand
for a better lodging product at
Atlantis for families who want
to stay where the water activi-
ties are."
He added that Atlantis's $57
million operating income for
the 2005 first quarter repre-
sented an 11 per cent increase
over the same period last year,
driven by a 3 per cent increase
in margins to 38 per cent. Rev-
enue per available room
(RevPAR) at the One & Only
Ocean Club grew by 21 per
In Dubai, Mr Klatzkin said
the Atlantis, The Palm project,
which is projected to open in
2008, would generate between
$25-$30 million in operating
income during its first year in
operation, net of its $20 million
development fee.
Kerzner International has a
50 per cent stake in the project
and an equity investment of
$100 million.
The Morocco hotel-casino is
also set to be operational in
2008, with construction set to
start next year. Kerzner Inter-
national also has a 50 per cent
stake in this project, with an
equity investment worth $47
Mr Klatzkin estimated that
the Morocco hotel-casino would
generate $15-$20 million in
operating income for Kerzner
International during its first
year in operation, generating a



Kingsway Academy is seeking the service of a trained Security
Guard. Only qualified persons should apply. Deadline for
applications is Thursday, May 12, 2005.

All information for the above positions should be sent to:

Ms. Kelcine Hamilton
Academy Affairs Manager
Kingsway Academy Business Office
Bernard Road

Coinancial Advisors Ltd
'Financial Advisors Ltd.

1.20 0.95 Abaco Markets
8.50 8.00 Bahamas Property Fund
6.26 5.55 Bank of Bahamas
0.85 0.82 Benchmark
1.80 1.40 Bahamas Waste
1.04 0.87 Fidelity Bank
8.32 6.76 Cable Bahamas
2.20 1.52 Colina Holdings
8.49 6,75 Commonwealth Bank
1.64 0.36 Doctor's Hospital
4.02 3.13 Famguard
10.40 8.39 Finco
8.46 6.60 FirstCarlbbean
8.60 8.31 Focol
1.99 1.27 Freeport Concrete
10.38 9.50 ICD Utilities
8.25 8.10 J. S. Johnson
6.69 4.36 Kerzner International BDRs
10.00 10.00 Premier Real Estate
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol

13.00 12.50 Bahamas Supermarkets
10.14 10.00 C tribbean Crossings (Pref)
0.60 0.40 RND Holdings
43.00 28.00 ABDAB
16.00 13,00 Bahamas Supermarkets
0.60 0.35 RND Holdings
52wk-Hi 52wk-Low Fund Name

1.2164 1.1609 Colina Money Market Fund
2.2268 1.9423 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund
10.3112 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund
2.2214 2.0941 Colina MSI Preferred Fund
1.0931 1.0320 Colina Bond Fund

BISX ALL SHARE INDEX 19 Dec 02 = 1,000.00
52wk-HI Highest closing price in last 52 weeks
52wk-Low Lowest closing price In last 52 weeks
Previous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for daily volume
Change Change In closing price from day to day
Dally Vol. Number of total shares traded today
DIV $ Dividends per share paid in the last 12 months
P/E Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings
- AS AT MAR. 31. 20051 *** AS AT FEB. 28, 2005
* AS AT MAR. 24, 20051 *** AS AT MAR. 31, 2005/1*** AS AT MAR. 31, 2005
To4, ~ai~ aga

0.95 0.95 0.00
8.50 8.50 0.00
6.26 6.26 0.00
0.85 0.85 0.00
1.50 1.50 0.00
1.04 1.04 0.00
8.32 8.32 0.00
2.20 2.20 0.00
8.49 8.49 0.00
1.64 1.64 0.00
4.02 4.02 0.00
10.40 10.40 0.00
8.46 8.46 0.00
8.35 8.35 0.00
1.27 1.27 0.00
9.60 9.60 0.00
8.22 8.22 0.00
5.70 5.71 0.01
10.00 10.00 0.00

Ask *

I.5.I>' I1nI 9.1 1 nI -






1.488 0.960 9.1
0.000 0.800 NM
-0.103 0.000 NM

2.220 0.000 19.4
1.105 0.810 14.6
-0.103 0.000 N/M





"strong" 32-43 per cent return.
He added that Kerzner Inter-
national had further growth
potential despite failing to make
progress in the UK through the

potential closing of its purchase
of Wembley's Lincoln Park
and Colorado assets, plus the
. casino opportunity in Singa-

Buyers circling

Shell's retail arm

FROM page one

bidders, has now closed, and the company is awaiting and
analysing offers.
The official line from Shell Bahamas is that it is "just
analysing the value" of its business. Indeed, Louis Curtie,
Shell Bahamas country manager, told this newspaper
when it first broke the story in March: "Shell Bahamas is
not for sale.
"But the Shell group has a very active portfolio man-
agement in all areas, and is evaluating the business in
every country in the world. The group is evaluating the
value of the business in all countries, but there is no
decision on the Bahamas.
"Nothing is going on except the evaluation and
appraisal of the real business value in the Bahamas and
many countries in the world."
Shell only wants to be in the petroleum supply business,
which is why it is seeking offers for the retail distribution
arm, which includes all the company's service stations
that are leased out to independent dealers. It is under-
stood that Shell is looking for around $20 million for
the business.
One source yesterday suggested that due to the fixed
margins in the petroleum business, the purchase of Shell
(Bahamas) retail distribution arm was more akin to a
real estate transaction.
The source suggested that the business made the best fit
for BISX-listed FOCOL, as it would allow the company
to expand-outside its Grand Bahama stronghold.
FOCOL, which had the monopoly on supplying petro-
leum products in Freeport until a Supreme Court ruling
last year stated that a particular station could purchase
from rival suppliers, operates several service stations
through its Grand Sun Investments subsidiary.
Efforts to raise finance for any acquisition would also
be aided by the fact that FOCOL is carrying little long-
term debt, with only $1.502 million on the balance sheet
at July 31, 2004, and just $304,092 of that current.
FOCOL previously acquired ShelLBahamas' propane
gas business on Grand Bahama in August 2002, and one
source told The Tribune that the two parties spoke about
purchasing the latter's petroleum distribution business
back then.
Although Shell Bahamas is understood to have mulled
the petroleum distribution business's sale for some time,
it is understood that FOCOL was put off by the asking
price back in 2002, said to then be $25 million.
Shell service station dealers had last year complained
that the company's market share had dropped to 17 per
cent. However, the company said it had not fallen as low
as that, but acknowledged it was taking steps to improve
the situation.

The Public is hereby advised that I, Angela Wilkinson of
Garden Hills #2 P.O.Box EE-16169 mother of lesha
Simone Wilkinson, a minor, intend to change her name
to Tania Simone Wilkinson. If there are any objections
to this change of name by Deed Poll, you may write such
objections to the Chief Passport Officer, RO.Box N-742,
Nassau, Bahamas no later than thirty (30) days after the
date of publication of this notice.

NOTICE is hereby given that MAGALIE ST. JULIEN OF
the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and
that any person who knows any reason why registration/
naturalization should not be granted, should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 10TH day of MAY, 2005 to the Minister responsible
for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau,


NOTICE is hereby given that WILLIAM PETIT-HOMME, #32
is applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The
Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason why
registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written and signed statement of the facts within twenty-
eight days from the 3RD day of APRIL, 2005 to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, RP.O.Box N- 7147,
Nassau, Bahamas.

GRAND BAHAMA, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible
for Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a
citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason
why registration/ naturalization should not be granted, should send
a written and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 3RD day of MAY, 2005 to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box F-41085, Grand Bahama,

. 0.00


NAV YTD% Last 12 Months D v $ Yield %
.xco e aM dBMIAWilElI.

YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price
Bid $ Buying price of Colina and Fidelit
Ask $ Selling price of Collna and fidellt.
Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the,prior week
EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
NAV Net Asset Value
NIM Not Meaningful
FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1. 1994 = 100

,:,,../4'',. '~-7 4 ~ ~

Last Price Week E


) lir1DlIBlT I





Oil explorer

analysing data

from Bahamas

Senior Business Reporter
THE Kerr-McGee Corpora-
tion has completed a round of
seismic testing in the waters of
the Great Bahama Bank and is
expected to begin drilling for
oil shortly, Trade and Industry
Minister Leslie Miller told The
Tribune yesterday.
The oil and natural gas explo-
ration company is analysing
laboratory data obtained from
the floor of the Great Bahama
Bank, which company officials
will then use to pinpoint where
they should start drilling.
Mr Miller indicated that
Kerr-McGee has brought on a
Canadian partner, which he saw
as a good sign in regard to the
company's commitment to its

investment in the Bahamas. Mr
Miller was unable to identify
the Canadian partner.
A spokesman for Kerr-
McGee was unable to comment
on when the company would
begin drilling and could
not identify the Canadian part-
He did say, though, that the
seismic testing programme was
completed in 2004 and that the
company was still processing
and interpreting the data it
obtained from the ocean floor.
Kerr-McGee has spent more
than $25 million in its search
for oil in the Bahamas. In 2003,
the company acquired a 100 per
cent interest in nine licences
that enabled it to begin the
search for oil off the Great
Bahama Banks.
The licences for oil and gas

Established Company seeking to employ a


To operate Reverse Osmosis Plant Facility on a
Family Island. Knowledge of electrical Systems
and mechanical plumbing a must.

Serious inquiries only.

Apply in writing to:
P.O. Box N-1836-A040
Nassau, Bahamas

Growing Institution
in need of a

Data Administrator/Manager
Suitable candidate should possess extensive knowledge
of building databases, creating reports,
compiling backups of critical data.
Must have knowledge of Windows 20.00 2003 server,
corporate anti virus and spyware programs,
and extensive knowledge of popular software packages
including Word, Excel and Access.

Minimum academic and professional
requirements include:
Bachelors degree or technical equivalent in
computer data management.
MCSE certifications or other industry
certifications also desirable.

Please e-mail resumes to:

exploration in the Blake
Plateau, about 100 miles north
of Freeport and covering 6.5
million acres in water depths
ranging from 650 feet to more
than 7,000 feet, were acquired

by the Oklahoma City-based
company's wholly-owned sub-
sidiaries, Kerr-McGee
Bahamas and Atlantic Explo-
ration and Production Compa-

FROM page one
for the verification of existing clients' identities. For the Bahami-
an clearing banks, all domestic retailclients must be verified by
June 30,2006, with the deadline of December 31, 2005, apply-
ing to offshore financial institutions and "all other business".
The guidelines said: "Licensees must implement appropriate
measures to satisfy the verification requirements of the (Finan-
cial Transaction Reporting Act) FTRA by these dates, or take
steps to suspend or terminate the business relationship. Such
measures would include refusing to accept further funds from
customers whose identities have not been verified, providing fur-
ther services to such persons or suspending the account or oth-
er facility held in the customer's name, or the termination of the
business relationship altogether."
A Central Bank spokesperson said the regulator realised
the clearing banks needed additional time, since they needed to
risk rate their client base, and thought it would be realistic to
extend the final deadline.
Ms Forbes said that by moving into a risk-based approach,
licencees now have to determine which clients need to be risk-
rated, as they would want to ensure thaose with high balances
are in compliance with the new guidelines.
Another area targeted by the guidelines are persons without
standard identification documentation, such as a passport.
While only a minority of clients are expected to fall into this cat-
egory, the guidelines list persons such as the elderly, the dis-
abled, students and minors, or the socially or financially disad-
vantaged, saying they should not be precluded from obtaining
financial services just because they do not possess the usual type
of evidence of identify or address.
The guidelines state that "a common sense approach and
some. flexibility without compromising sufficiently rigorous
AML procedures is recommended".



The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighbourhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.


The Abaco Club on Winding Bay, a spectacular 520 acre
International Members Golf & Sporting Estate on Abaco,
is seeking a senior-level REAL ESTATE SALES
REPRESENTATIVE. Candidates must have a minimum
of 2 years sales experience with a track record of success.
Real estate license is preferred. Successful candidate
must have exceptional communication skills, both verbal
and written. Must be personable, professional and willing
to commute or relocate to Abaco. The Abaco Club's
estate lots range from $875,00 to over $4 million. A
handsome package is available. Please email cover letter
and resume to or fax to 242-
367-2930, Attn.: Sales & Marketing.


Fully Furnished Executive Office Suites
plus Utilities Global Maritime Center
(Formerly Tanja)
2nd Floor, 2,500 sq ft
Internet Ready, Computer & Network Support
State Of The Art Phone & Voice Mail Systems
Dedicated Phone Lines
Conference Facilities
Professional Work Space

Office Space Unfurnished
1,250 sq ft

Global Maritime Centre
Queens Highway, Freeport, Bahamas

Contact 351-9026 or 351-1601 For Viewing
Or Additional Information.
Global United Formerly TANJA is
-fnp :moving it's operation to the
Foqrner United Shipping Building at the Harbour


A manufacturing entity located on the western tip of New Providence, is
presently seeking the following:



1. Responsible for an adequate stock level of all spare parts.
2. Ensure adequate stocks are available for the planned maintenance
and overhauls.
3. Responsible for store issuing of parts and adequate
4. Assists with planning and scheduling, of engineering work
generated through the work order system.
5. Generates reports on activities ini stores on a monthly basis.
6. Count various sections of Spare Parts monthly to ensure system
records are updated.
7. Ensure good housekeeping of all spare parts storage facilities.
8. Monitor all technical purchase orders and delivery dates to
ensure timely delivery to CBL.


1. High School Education. City and Guilds Mechanical or any
other Technical Equivalent Certificate a plus.
2. Five (5) years experience in an industrial environment.
3. Computer skills in Excel, Word, Lotus Notes 3-5 years.
4. Knowledge and skill in Inventory management a plus.


1. Must be a team player that is willing to support the efforts of
the team or any team member.
2. Is aware of what is going on in CBL in the broadest sense and
prepared to go beyond the call of duty to ensure that the
brewery's objectives are realized.
3. The successful applicant should be able to act on his/ her own
initiative and with little or no supervision.
4. Must be one that takes the initiative to find new opportunities,
improvements or methods and acts on them.

A competitive salary, performance related compensation, career related
training and a competitive employee benefits package are all available to the
successful candidate.

Interested persons should submit a current resume and cover letter to the
address below no later than May 10th 2005:

Human Resources Manager
Comonwealth Brewery Limited
P.O.Box N 4936
Nassau, Bahamas

The Winterbotham Trust Company Limited

Exciting opportunity for

Trust Administrator
An exciting opportunity for an ambitious trust administrator to help us develop our trust department.
This is a ground floor opportunity to grow up with one of the fastest growing areas of our company.
We are looking for a dynamic hard working qualified trust administrator who believes he/she has
the experience and the talent to head up our Trust Division within a couple of years. If you are
keen to assume responsibility and have excellent client relationship skills but right now you're
frustrated in your current position, then this is your chance to break out and make our trust
services your own.
You must have a sound educational background, at least three years experience in trust
administration and be STEP qualified. All our supervisors and Vice Presidents have been promoted
from within the company. Come and meet them and see what opportunity means in the trust
business in The Bahamas.
Please email your detailed CV and a letter describing why you are the person we need to run our
trust department to: The Chairman, The Winterbotham Trust Company Limited> or to fax 356-9432.


TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 3B,



PAGE 4B, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005




MAY 12, 2005


MEZICHRAIKY of No. 46 Ridgway Avenue
West, Orange in the state of New Jersey in
the United States of America,

NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas on its
of the Eastern District on the Island of New
Providence, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Attorney-
at-Law, is the Authorized Attorney in The
Bahamas for the Resealing of a Grant of
Probate in the above estate granted to
County Surrogate Court in the State of New
Jersey, USA on the 12th day of September,
A.D., 2002.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12, 2005

2005/PR0/npr/000210 .

Estates Subdivision and Washington Street
respectively on the Island of New Providence,
one of the Islands of the Commonwealth of
The Bahamas, has made application to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas for letters
of Administration of the real and personal
HIGGS late of Nelson Street, Yellow Elder
Gardens, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, deceased.
Notice is hereby given that such
applications will be heard by the said Court
at the expiration of 14 days from the date

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12,2005


of Gleniston Gardens on the Island of the
New Providence, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, has made
application to the Supreme Court of The
Bahamas for letters of Administration of the
real and personal estate of COURTNEY
RAHMING, late of Calabash Bay, Andros,
one of the Islands of the Commonwealth of

The Bahamas, deceased.
Notice is hereby given that such
applications will be heard by the said Court
at the expiration of 21 days from the date

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12, 2005


GRENFELL late of Flat 8, 34, Elm Park
Gardens The Little Boltons in the Sub-District
of Chelsea in the Administrative Area of
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea,
England, United Kingdom,

NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas on its
Probate Side by EARL A. CASH of Marlin
Drive in the Western District of New
Providence, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Attorney-
at-Law, is the Authorized Attorney in The
Bahamas for the Resealed Grant of
Representation in the above estate granted
Executor of the Estate of JOYCE IRENE
GRENFELL who died on the 31st day of
March, 1993 and MARMADUKE JAMES
DAY was appointed the Executors by the
High Court of Justice, The District Probate
at Winchester, on the 9th day of August,

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12, 2005


of the County of Broward, in the State of
Florida, U.S.A.,

NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas on its
Probate Side by GILBERT ANSELM
THOMPSON of Chancery House, The Mall,
in the City of Freeport, Grand Bahama, one
of the Islands of the Commonwealth of The
Bahamas, Attorney-at-Law, is the Authorized
Attorney in The Bahamas for the Resealed
Grant of Letters of Administration in the
above estate granted to JOSEPH ROMAN,
the Personal Representative by the Circuit
Court of the 17th Judicial Circuit in and for
Broward County, Florida, U.S.A., on the
19th day of July, 2003.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12,2005


GRAHAM, SR., late of 125 White Caps
Circle, Maitland, Orange County, Florida,
32751, U.S.A.,

NOTICE is hereby given that after the

expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas on its
Probate Side by ANTHONY AUDLEY
THOMPSON of the Western District, New
Providence, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Attorney-
at-Law, is the Authorized Attorney in The
Bahamas for the Resealed Grant of Letters
of Administration in the above estate granted
to PEGGY W. GRAHAM, the Personal

Representative by the Circuit Court for
Orange County, Florida, U.S.A., Probate
Division, on the 10th day of July, 2000

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12, 2005


DELANCY of 2390 N.W. Road, Coconut
Creek, Florida, 33066, one of the States of
the United States of America, has made
application to the Supreme Court of The
Bahamas for Letters of Administration of
the real and personal estate of CORA
ELOISE DELANCY late of Symonette
Street, Western District, New Providence,
one of the Islands of the Commonwealth of
the Bahamas, deceased.
Notice is hereby given that such
applications will be heard by the said Court
at the expiration of 14 days from the date

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12, 2005


of East Lyford Lane, Western District, New
providence one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Attorney
by Deed of Power of Attorney for CAROL
FOWKER, the Personal Representative has
made application to the Supreme Court of
The Bahamas, for Letters of Administration
of the real and personal estate of GRACIELA
San Jose, Costa Rica, but also of Lyford Cay,
Western District, New Providence, one of
the Islands of the Commonwealth of The
Bahamas, deceased.

Notice is hereby given that such applications
will be heard by the said Court at the
expiration of 14 days from the date hereof.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY 12,2005


Chippingham, Western District, New
Providence, one of the Islands of The
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, has made
application to the Supreme Court of The
Bahamas for Letters of Administration of
the real and personal estate of LEWIS
FORBES late of the Settlement of Mangrove
Cay in the Island of Andros, one of the Islands
of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas,

Notice is hereby given that such
applications will be heard by the said Court
at the expiration of 21 days from the date

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

MAY. 9, 10, 11


TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 5B


Nova Survival strategies of lemurs
and crocodiles at a remote refuge in
Madagascar. (CC) (DVS)

9:00 9:30

MAY 10, 2005

| 10:00 10:30

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Peter Jacobsen Monday After the Masters (N) Golf Galaxy Makeover (N) Inside the PGA Leaderboard Re-
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HALL Texas Ranger encourage a lonely woman and an Corbin Bemsen. A judge accepts custody of a troubled teen. (CC)
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vestigate a cocaine dealer. ( 'G-13' (CC) fields of Iraq ( (CC) must protect a criminal. (
H:15) *** MONSIEUR IBRAHIM (2003, Drama) ** UP AT THE VILLA (2000, Drama) Kristin Scott Thomas, Sean Penn,
HBO-S Omar Sharif, Gilbert Melki. A grocer takes a lonely boy Anne Bancroft. In 1938, a British widow's life takes an unexpected turn.
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It's like gettir
pieces of fur
for the
6 of


Tel: 9 6 6

46Madeira Y

Certified AMember


Let Ckca!ie the
Bahamivcia PLppet cvd
kis sidekick Der"ek put+
some- smiles ov. you
kids's faces.

BAing you ckildienv to the
MCcHappy Hou0 at MDonald's in
Oaks Field every Thursday
frOom 3:30pm to 4:30pm du ing the
mothf of May 2005.

Enjoy Great Food Prizes and Lots of Fun.

im ovin' it
i'm loving' it


f onel!


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Double delight for Ifill III at

Heptagonal Championships

Senior Sports Reporter
Ifill III added another feather
to his cap when he completed
a sprint double for the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania at the
2005 Heptagonal Champi-
Ifill III led the UP's Quak-
ers men's team to a second
place finish on Sunday after-
noon at the Wien Stadium on

First place finish in

both 100 and 200m

the campus of Columbia Uni-
versity when he crossed the:
line first in both the 100 and
200 metres.
"It's a good feeling. I was

just happy that IU could go
out there and run fast," said
Ifill III in an interview with
The Tribune on Monday from
his residence.
"It was good for me to be
able to do it and qualify for
the NCAA Regionals at the
same time."
Not only did Ifill III qualify
for the NCAA East Regionals
in the 200, but he posted some
historic times in both events
as he claimed the Heps' Male
Athlete of the Meet.
His winning time of 20.90
seconds was established as a
new school record and was the
fastest non-wind aided time at
Outdoor Heps since Prince-
ton's Steve Morgan ran 20.72
in 1987.
In the century, Ifill's time
of 10.40 was the fourth-fastest
Outdoor Heps time ever.

In the process, Ifill III also
became the first Penn sprinter
since Chris Harper in 1994 to
win both the 100 and 200 titles
in the same meet.
"I'm really happy. I'm prov-
ing to myself that I'm back on
track," said Ifill III, who is
back in school after sitting out
a year when he transferred
from Clemson University.

"This weekend, I ran just
one hundred of a second of
my personal best in both
events, which means that I'm
right where I need to be, even
though the conditions have
not been the best to compete
"So I feel, given this week-
end, in some better weather
conditions, I know I'm ready
to run so really fast times this
Ifill III was just shy of his
PR of 10.39 that he recorded
at the World Junior Champi-
onships in Italy last year and
the 20.89 in the 200 that he
ran in 2002 in Barbados at the
Jr. Central American and

Caribbean Championships.
"I still have quite a few
more meets to go for the year,
but I'm really excited," said
Ifill III, who is looking for-
ward to coming home for the
Bahamas Association of Ath-
letic Associations' National
Track and Field Champi-
onships in June.
"I'm still running pretty
much by myself, so if I can
get in some fire in the
bigger meets in some warm
weather, I feel I can run even
This weekend, Ifill III will
compete in the IC4A Cham-

pionships in Princeton, New
Jersey and the following
weekend, he will compete in
the NCAA East Regional at
Randall Island, New York.

What happens at the East
Regional will determine
whether or not Ifill III will
qualify with one of the top five
spots for the NCAA Champi-
onships in Sacramento, Cali-
fornia from June 8-11 before
he comes home for the
BAAA's Nationals, June 17-

SCopyrighted Material
Syndicated Content
Available from Commercial News Providers"

Darts players are on

target for World Cup
TonyrMor eelodh omnwr rd

Junior Sports Reporter
THE Nassau Darts Association (NDA)
took full control of the national masters
tournament, claiming top titles in both the
men and women's division.
After two days of competition, with each
player playing 45 games, the NDA, for
the first time came out on top in all divi-
This year's national master title was won
by Harry Brown and Trudy Johnson.

The tournament, held over the week-
end at the Comer Motel, saw the country's
top players vie for a spot on the national
team, which is set to take part in the World
Cup in September.
The World Cup, which will be held in
Perth, Australia, has more than 27 coun-
tries taking part. This will be the third
time Australia will host the games, with the

Bahamas preparing to make their mark.
"We have a great team, the team is
made up of players from the New Provi-
dence Association, who were great at the
nationals," said Malcom Spicer, president
of the Bahamas Darts Federation.
"The team will be able to practice
together, that will help build them. It was-
n't our intention to just name a team that
hails from New Providence, but their per-
formance was great.
"We had several players from the Fam-
ily Islands come down to participate in
the nationals, which was great, but the
New Providence players just rise to the
The national masters were attended by
more than six teams, from New Provi-
dence and around the Family Islands.
The World Cup plays host to three divi-
sions, the men, women and youth. How-
ever, the Bahamas will only be able to
field two teams, men and women.
Making the cut for the men were Harry
Brown, Barry Payne, Mike Russell and

Tony Moree; for the women were Trudy
Johnson and Kim Russell.
Spicer added: "Once again the masters
has been a tournament where the skills
and determination of our top players has
come to the forefront. To play this game
for 16 hours and score at the same time
demands focus, determination and great
skill and all our competitors need to be
commended for their efforts.
"Thanks must go out to the venue, the
Corner Hotel, who once again proved to
be the perfect hosts to both Nassau players
and our Island visitors. Also to V8 splash
who. sponsored the tournament and with-
out whom we would have had no trophies,
and to the Nassau Darts Association for
their professional hosting of this presti-
gious tournament. We hope to once again
bring home some glory in September as we
travel to Perth, Australia for the World

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Share your news
The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighbourhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

Holdings Bahamas


Pursuant to Section 7 of The Bahamas International Securities Exchange (BISX) Rules, Colina
Holdings Bahamas Limited (the Company) wishes to advise its shareholders and the public of the
following facts and circumstances:

1. On April 5, 2005, the Company was formally requested by requisitionists (namely Mr. Emanuel M.
Alexiou and Mr. Anthony Ferguson as Directors of Colina Financial Group Ltd) representing holders
of more than 10% of the outstanding share capital of the Company to call an extraordinary general
meeting of the shareholders for the purpose of removing certain directors and appointing new

2. On April 22, 2005, the aforementioned requisitionists published notices calling the extraordinary
general meeting of the Company to be held on May 20, 2005 for the said purpose.

3. By an Order of the Supreme Court of The Bahamas dated April 26, 2005, an injunction was granted
to Mr. James Campbell restraining the requisitionists from calling the extraordinary general meeting
until May 12, 2005. The Court will further hear this matter on May 11, 2005.

4. The Board is actively reviewing both the representations of the extraordinary general meeting notice,
and the legality of the process. Further, the Board advises that there has been no change in either the
management of the Company or the structure of the Board.

5. The Board will keep the Company's shareholders and the public advised of any further

Board of Directors
Coulna Holdings Bahamas Limited

PAGE 6B, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005




Federer returns on form after

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lachines roll

t Crusaders

Junior Sports Reporter
THE St Augustine's College
Big Red Machines trampled
the Nassau Christian Acade-
my Crusaders in two quick
sets yesterday, to win the
BAISS junior girls champi-
This is the second time the
Crusaders have fell to the
hands of the Big Red
Machines, this time 25-18 and
The title win for the Big
Red Machines was led by the
service of Kristin Rolle, who
played her final game as a
After putting down a mon-
strous spike, Rolle walked to
the service line in the first set,
served up eight points five of
which were aces to give the
Big Red Machines a comfort-
able lead.
And, when things went
downhill for the Big Red
Machines after Rolle's service

was stopped, the Crusaders
weren't able to take advan-
They made a successful ser-
vice but fell short on volleying
with Crystal Bodiein place,
stopping anything that came
over the net.
The one play that sealed the
deal for the Big Red Machines
in the first set was the suc-
cessful scope by Felica Mus-
grove to the setter, who fed
Bodie for the spike.
The spike was brought back
up by the Crusaders' defence,
but was taken over the net on
one play.
Bodie, who was in the mid-
dle front court for the Big Red
Machines, slammed down one
of her eight kills for her team.
By this time the Big Red
Machines were leading by six
points, all of which came off
service errors by the Cru-
"Winning the second cham-
pionship title feels great," said
Rebecca Moss, Big Red
Machines' coach.
"We knew we could have
won the whole thing, after

going through the regular sea-
son undefeated.
"The girls really worked
hard for this year and it paid
off in the end."
In the second set, the Big
Red Machines held the Cru-
saders to seven points. Once
again Rolle was the driving
force behind the win.
Rolle stepped to the service
line with the score reading of
15-07, and served up a cham-
pionship title.
She said: "Our coach pulled
us on the side after the first
set and told us to play with
some intensity. She reminded
us that we had defeated them
in the regular season and if
we did exactly what we did
then we would walk away vic-
"That give us a little confi-
dence when we went back to
play because in the first set
we were a little scared. It feels
great to win the championship
and, hopefully, next year we
can do the same."


A: H A M :-A N

TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005


Balancing motherhood


a full-time career

Tribune Feature Writer
IT APPEARS that tradition
has it that women should stay
home once they have children. It
is a notion that everybody seems
to have an opinion about.
But there are a growing num-
ber of women who find a way to
pursue a full-time career as well
as tackle motherhoood.
Barrington Brennen, marriage
and family therapist, says that
though he does not believe that
women must leave their careers
once they become mothers, he
does believe that a woman plays a
"major" role in being present in
the first few months of her child's

Women working outside of the
home are more often than not
doing so to make ends meet, but
many continue careers because it
is fulfilling. Unfortunately,
though, those who have the luxu-
ry of choice are sometimes the
target of criticism from both
inside and outside the home.
Sometimes it's not until they
are forced into the extreme

"The challenge here is that
the women who are working
on the job, in their careers and
family at the same time, are
also doing 75 per cent of work
around the house, with their
full-time job."

Barrington Brennen,
marriage and family therapist

choice of staying home or not that
they realise what a non-choice
many women have. But it is also
true that many women are bridg-
ing the gap by starting at-home
businesses, so they can make their
own hours, but it's tough to make
it pay for more than the requisite
Quality, affordable childcare is
perhaps the greatest obstacle for
moms in outside careers. And
even if she does find it, she is sub-
ject to judgments by childcare

workers themselves. Many don't
approve of leaving kids so many
Said Mr Brennen: "In fact,
many women quit their lucrative
jobs because they value mother-
hood more or because they want
to be there for their children. The
challenge here is that the women
who are working on the job, in
their careers and family at the
same time, are also doing 75 per
cent of work around the house,
with their full-time job. Simply,

dad ain't doing much."
Being a working mother,
learning to cope with stresses
from employers, co-workers and
clients, is already demanding.
Add equal parts of stress from
husband, the cooking, the clean-
ing, and children, and life seems

According to Mr Brennen, as a
result, of these challenges, many
working mothers find themselves
lashing out at their children,
therefore adding to their frustra-
tion. "A lot of them are anxious
to get their children out of their
presence not necessarily neglect-
ing them, but the close intimate
bond isn't there," the counsellor
"So, you'd have a lot of ten-
sion between the mothers and
children. And the only way they
know how to control their unruly
child is to push and shove and
row. It's tense. And after coming
home from the job, children get
the brunt of the stress," he adds.
To successfully manage moth-
erhood and career, Mr Brennen
suggests that mothers first learn
how to take care of themselves.

fbo t-

He believes that many mothers
make the mistake of always
putting their children above
themselves. Getting sufficient rest
is also important.
"They should also establish rit-
uals, which means a systematic
way of doing things, and disci-
pline. Learn how to set bound-
aries and limits," he suggests.
"A lot of mothers are frustrat-
ed because their children are par-
enting them. Could you imagine
not being able to get your three-
year-old to turn off the TV?"
Though it is a task, Mr Bren-
nen noted that many women are
able to successfully manage
career and work. Still, some peo-
ple believe that a mother's place
is in the home and only in the
Once at work, most women
face employers whose bottom line
conflicts with motherhood. When
Beth Dugan, a project manager
and mother of one who tells her
story in an online article,told her
boss she was pregnant again she
was immediately demoted.

In another case, it was her col-
leagues who made working less
cfmrt.ablle. '"They wege resent-
ful that our employer was allowv-
ing me flexibility to be home with
my kids," she says. "Even though
they had the same access I did,
they didn't take advantage of it."
Rachel Toote, a 24-year-old
Bahamian woman, knows first-
hand about the discrimination
that can come with motherhood.
Two weeks ago, after a year of
working at a local jewellery store,
she returned from maternity leave
to find that she would not be re-.
hired. The baby is Ms Toote's first
"The last day before I was
leaving, we had it worked out

when I would come back from
maternity leave. So after that
time, and I had my baby, I came
back and they called me into the
office and just said that they were
not taking me back," she recalls.
Though she was given no
explanation as to why she was
released, Ms Toote suspects her
pregnancy was the reason, citing
incidents during her pregnancy
when her employer commented
on how women who have babies
need to stay home and take care
of them.

"Plus, before I got pregnant, I
had a friend who was let go when
she was three months pregnant,"
she shares. "But just because you
are pregnant or a mother doesn't
mean that you can't do the job."
"The only thing a mother wants
to do is do the best for her child,
and that's any mother. She'd like
to stay home but not everyone is
wealthy and born with a silver
spoon in their mouth," she adds.
Ms Toote says that when you
"boil it down", all mothers,
whether they work outside the
home or not, are suffering under
similar external pressures, which
includes na taining their child
and dpail fi l iir3i bdIsI.
and dealing tvaioios bills.
The contrast between society's
pro-family stance and the actual
lack of support working mothers
may have to make good choices is
beginning to come to light.
At the core is an ever-increas-
ing corporate drive to produce,
which requires a greater commit-
ment to the workforce than to the
In essence, the message work-
ing mothers get from many
employers is that if they aren't
pulling their weight, they're tak-
ing time off, time away from con-

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Ph: 393-5656 Fax:'393-5044 -
Located on the t Jo=-te-hill Mackey Street, next doorto Super Value.

^^^k oB^^fl

Percy Wallace gives his thoughts

on the future of Bahamian fashion

SCHOOL is in session
and the fashion bells are
ringing! Living Fashion
was delighted to go back
to school and revisit its ori-
gins with renowned
Bahamian fashion designer
Percy Wallace to discuss
his journey through fash-
ion, his tenure at the
Bahamas Technical and
Vocational Institute
(BTVI) and get a behind
the scenes tour with the
students of the inter-work-
ings of their upcoming
Fashion Show.
Living Fashion: I recently
heard that BTVI's fashion
department is hosting a fash-
ion show, can you tell me a
little more about this upcom-
ing event?
Percy Wallace: The pur-
pose of this fashion show is
to raise funds for a trip to
New York. We plan to take
the fashion students to a sem-
inar; we intend to take them
to design factories and fabric
stores. We will also visit a few

* ABOVE: students hard at work in BTVI's women's apparel class.
* LEFT: Percy Wallace

fashion houses in order for
the students to get a feel of
design concepts and how
things are done in the fash-

ion industry in the USA. The
show itself is going to be held
at the end of May on our
campus. We will be sending


Te: .9 6 6 3


out invites for the matinee
show to junior and senior
high schools and the general
public's show will be that
evening. Everything in the
show will be done by the stu-
dents. They will be display-
ing their expertise. The name
of the show is "Futuristic",
each student will be designing
anywhere from two to five
garments ranging from basic
garments to high fashion gar-
ments. We really want the
students to express them-
selves in their work.

LF: How long have you
been teaching at BTVI and
can you tell me a little more
about your role in this insti-
PW: I have been teaching
here for 14 years. Whew! I
am the head of the fashion
department. BTVI is a
well-rounded institution,
when teaching here, you can
really express yourself. I
wouldn't give this up right
now for anything; I still feel
that I have more to offer in
this position.

LF: You are one of the
patriarchs of Bahamian fash-
ion. Can you tell me a little
more about your journey
through this industry?
PW: The interest started
from home economics at
Government High. I then fur-
thered my education at Mia-
mi Dade Community College
pursuing degree in fashion
design. I worked with a few
companies in Miami as an
assistant designer and pat-
ternmaker. I then decided
that I wanted to follow my
heart and do fashion at home.
I worked as a salesperson for
a Miami-based company sell-'
ing designs to the Seventeen
Shop and Georgie Porgie in
Nassau. I then took on a job
at Creations by Chiquita, cus-
tom designing uniforms and
speciality garments. I then
went on my own producing a
major show at Ebony and
Ivory. I then was given a
wonderful opportunity to
work at Universal Studios in
their Costume Department as
a Wardrobe Assistant. I
worked on Jaws the Revenge
with actors such as Mario van
Peebles and Micheal Caine.
I returned to Nassau and then
received a scholarship to New
York's Fashion Institute of
Technology where I studied
apparel management. I
worked in the industry with
Liz Claiborne and Ralph
Lauren as an apprentice pat-
ternmaker and designer. It

was time to come home. I
started to teach at BTVI and
the rest is history!

LF: I know that most peo-
ple in the Bahamas do not
understand or would not
advise persons to become a
part of the fashion industry. I
know my personal reasons for
this life choice, but can you
tell us why or how you came
to build your life around fash-
PW: There is a great
demand in this country for
fashion designers, seam-
stresses and tailors. Normally
there are foreigners coming
in doing these things. If they
are coming here to work from
and with our designers or
concepts, then we have to be
good at it. All that they are
doing is bringing our concepts
to life!

LF: What has been your
favourite aspect of your
career so far?
PW: Speciality garments
has been my favourite aspect.
One-of-a-kind customised
garments that are made to a
person's liking and the fact
that they are willing to pay
for it and all its worth, with a

LF: What is your vision for
the Bahamian fashion indus-
try in the near future?
PW: I want there to be an
obvious connection between
New York, which is number
one in the fashion industry
and the Bahamas being the
number one fashion pier
(place to be). I would also
like to see Bahamian design-
ers come together, we need
to work together as a team. It
should not be about a com-
petition thing. We as design-
ers sometimes cause the pub-
lic not to respect what we do.
I know that some designers
in this country have let their
clients down, not finishing
things on time but we must
understand that we cannot
bite off more than we can
chew. It is up to us to make
them appreciate our industry
and what we do. The govern-
ments of other Caribbean
countries support their
designers in every aspect,
even if it's just to get them
started, and general public
naturally follows suit. Their
governments help to put their
designers on the map through
marketing and fashion
tourism. We have enough tal-
ented designers here to com-
pete in the Caribbean mar-
ket and Bahamians are very

fashion conscious people. If
we don't have the right gar-
ment for a particular func-
tion, we are not going, and
we would spend well into the
hundreds to achieve the look
we are going for. Unfortu-
nately, we just don't have the
support! .I also want to have
showroom where all design-
ers can be showcased no com-
petition, just a place where
we can show the world what
we have to offer.

LF: It has been a pleasure
speaking with you today. It
gives me great satisfaction to
see young people with an
active interest in fashion and
for them to be able to hone
their skills in this environ-
ment. What an excellent
start! What does 2005 have
in store for you?
PW: I will continue on at
BTVI helping to put future
Bahamian designers in place
to spring forward in the
industry. Also facilitating a
US based company that
wants to host a fashion week
with Bahamian designers,
each showing about 20 gar-
ments. This opportunity will
also link the designers with
manufacturers abroad con-
sidering that the concept is
small to nil here. Interna-
tional media from Canada
and the US will be in atten-
dance. I think that this will
lead beautifully into 2006,
which I think will be a grand
year for our designers. I
intend to work from the out-
side in instead of working
from the inside out. Some-
times it seems like it's impos-
sible to break through the cir-

You can reach Percy Wal-
lace through his design com-
pany Garfi Designs or at the
Fashion Department at BTVI.

fashion designer, stylist
and photographer.
You can contact her at:, or
visit her website at



PAGE 2C, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005

Artificial sweeteners are

not safe, says nutritionist

Tribune Feature Writer
One teaspoon of sugar
contains only 16 calo-
ries, which isn't all that
bad. But over the
course of a day, with
the sugar that is added to cereals, cof-
fee, and tea, plus the amount con-
tained in many prepared products,
the calories can pile up.
So it may make sense to turn to the
popular artificial sweeteners that are
available to keep calories under con-
trol, without giving up some of your
favourite foods.
Sugar substitutes, also known as
artificial sweeteners, allow people
with diabetes to enjoy sweet-tasting
foods without the harmful metabolic
effects of sugar.
Despite their popularity, the fact
that they are FDA-approved, and

generally accepted, some artificial
sweeteners continue to be shrouded
with safety concerns.
Avis Bullard, nutritionist at Mys-
tikal Nutrition Centre tells Tribune
Woman and Health that she is not a
proponent of sugar substitutes, main-
ly due to the fact that many of them
contain a "harmful" chemical called
"Artificial sweeteners aren't good
because they are known to have an
ingredient, aspartame a plague.
There are many testimonies where
over a period of time it caused blind-
ness, cancer cells in the body to raise,
and other health is not a
natural substance but a chemical. It is
not safe for anyone," she warns.
The main benefit of these artifi-
cial sweeteners is that they add sweet-
ness without calories in two ways.
First, they are so sweet (research 160
to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar)

"Artificial sweeteners
aren't good because
they are known to have
an ingredient, aspartame -
a plague. There are many
testimonies where over a
period of time it caused
blindness, cancer cells
in the body to raise,
and other health
problems ...
Avis Bullard

that only a tiny bit is needed to
achieve the equivalent taste. The indi-
vidual consumes only a fraction of a
calorie to get the sweetness of many
more calories worth of sugar. Sec-
ondly, the body doesn't fully absorb
them and therefore doesn't fully
absorb the few calories they contain.
The nutritionist's first recommen-
dation is not to use any chemical
sweeteners at all, but merely use nat-
ural sugars or learn to adjust to the
natural sweetness of raw foods them-
selves. In fact, she says that these arti-
ficial sweetners are "unfit for human
"I used to use the (artificial sweet-
eners) myself, but I discovered that
the only natural product is Stivia
which comes from an organic leaf that
is crushed finely. That's the best one
to use, but another good natural
sweetener is any one that comes
directly from the sugarcane. Sugar

from the cane is usually coarser and
used for baking, but it can be used to
sweeten anything," she notes.
According to Mrs Bullard, artificial
and chemical sweetener substitutes
essentially have no real food value.
They trick the body into thinking it is
eating something sweet, and they
have been known to contain by-prod-
ucts with harmful toxic side effects.
She noted that aspartame was dis-
covered as an ulcer drug, not a sweet-
Said Mrs Bullard: "Basically, I think
that people don't realise most of the
time that what they are doing is real-
ly harming their bodies. They use the
artificial sweeteners because they
think its better than the refined sugar.
But Peter is no better than Paul. And
because of a lack of knowledge, they
tend to think, well at least I'm using
the (artifical sweetener) and not the
refined sugar."

Teaching children

IlAw-fat iain mnU kmrr

benefits of exerci.W nk 14dtte an men
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PAGE 4C, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005




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Poor posture


Tribune Feature Writer

housands of
Bahamians suffer
from chronic poor
posture. And not
surprising, since basically
everything that they do -
whether driving, typing, cook-
ing, or cleaning requires a
hunched forward position.
Dr Susan Donald, chiro-
practor at Life Chiropractic
Centre, tells Tribune Health
that poor posture, which she
describes as an "epidemic" in
this country, has occurred over
the past 30 to 40 years.
She recalls growing up as a
child in the 1960s when she
says that many Bahamians
walked with "beauty and
grace" carrying loads on their


But apparently things have
changed, and most Bahamians
have lost that near perfect pos-
ture. It could be blamed on the
hurried life they now lead,
accompanied by lack of exer-
cise, discipline, and a sedentary
Said Dr Donald: "We as a
society watch more television
than any previous generation,
more people have sedentay
desk jobs and sit in front of a
computer terminal (with bad

Susan Donald, chiropractor
.at Life Chiropractic Centre,
correcting bad posture takes
time and is achieved by
doing stretches and strength-
ening exercise.
Online writer Selene Yea-
ger has compiled the follow-
ing exercise to help you to
regain your good posture:

Strengthen Sleeping Mus-
The first step to straighter
posture is strengthening your
core the torso muscles,
including your abs and back,
which act ds a girdle to hold
you upright. Do the follow-
ing exercises two to three
days a week, allowing a day
of rest between workouts.

Back Extension
Lie on your stomach with
your arms next to your sides,
palms up. Place your fore-
head on the floor. Keep your
eyes looking downward as
you contract your back mus-
cles and bring your torso off
the floor, concentrating on
lengthening through the
crown of your head and
reaching through your hands.
Pause, and lower. Repeat
five times.
Bring your arms overhead
so your palms rest on the
floor in front of you. Keep
the arms and head fixed as
you lift both legs together,
imagine them lengthening.
Pause then lower. Repeat
five times.

Leg Lower and Lift
Lie on your back with your
hands behind your head and
your legs extended and lifted
directly over your hips so
they are perpendicular to the
Turn feet out slightly. Lift
your head off the floor and
look toward your legs. Inhale
and lower your legs toward
the floor about six inches.
Exhale, and return to start.
Start with four reps, and
work up to eight.-

ergonomics), and more people
don't exercise and suffer from
According to the chiroprac-
tor, poor posture develops
from enironmental factors and
bad habits. Like many other
bad habits, the individual may
over time, become comfortable
with their bend-over position.


The abdominal muscles,
whose job it is to hold us
upright, grow slack. And the
chest muscles tend to shorten
as the back muscles weaken.
The result is most often a per-
manent and sub-conscious state
of slouch.
"People do ignore bad pos-
ture because they may have a
deadline at work and stay at
that badly designed computer
set-up without a break. Also,
people keep the bad posture
because their muscles and liga-
ments are weak and out of
shape and the muscles feel
painful when they try to
straighten up," said Dr Don-
To illustrate posture at work,
a group of Australian
researchers analysed the trunk
muscle activity in a group of
20 adults.
First the study participants
purposefully assumed poor
postures both while seated and
standing. Then they assumed

Shoulder-Blade Pinch
Next, you need to train
your shoulders to fall into
their rightful position back,
down and relaxed. Accord-
ing to a survey of more than
500 personal trainers, certi-
fied by the American Coun-
cil on Exercise, the best
shoulder posture exercise is
the shoulder-blade pinch.
Keeping your shoulders
down, squeeze your shoul-
der blades together, as
though you were trying to
hold a pencil that was bal-
anced along your spine. Hold
for about 10 seconds and
repeat two to three times a
day- after *every meal, for
Finally, remember to
stretch regularly, so you
don't stiffen back into a
slump during your daily rou-
tine. The following move will
do the trick. Do it at least
once a day.
Stand with your shoulders
even and shoulder blades
down and back. Bend your
left arm behind your back,
resting the back of the left
hand on your lower back,
sliding it up your back
between your shoulder
Stretch your right arm
overhead, and bend the
elbow, reaching your right
hand between your shoulders
to touch your left hand.
Clasp fingers if possible. If
your shoulders are too stiff,
place a small rolled towel in
. your right hand and use that
to "connect" your hands.
Stretch your elbows in oppo-
site directions, breathing
evenly for 30 seconds. Then
release and repeat on the
opposite sides.

Selene Yeager is a con-
tributing editor to Prevention
magazine. She is also the
author of Selene Yeager's
Perfectly Fit and other health

good posture in those same
positions, standing and sitting
It was discovered that key
posture muscles, including the
obliques, multifidus (a deep
back muscle that lies beneath
the erector spinae), and erector
spinae were all but "asleep"
during poor posture but started
buzzing when the volunteers
straightened up.
It may not always be easy to
tell if one has poor posture, but
tell-tall signs, according to
some chiropractics, include:
collapsed arches in your feet;
an elevated hip or shoulder;
one side of the body rotated
forward or back; pelvis and
hips tilted to the front, back or
side; rounded back and head
jetting forward; and drooping
chest and shoulders.


The best posture, however,
is when the individual is acti-
vating the muscles in the body.
"If, for example, I tell some-
one to stand up straight," Dr
Donald explains, "they will
automaticaly stick their chest
out and arch their back with
their stomach pushed out.
Proper posture is the balanced
alignment of the body."
When standing erect, an
imaginary plumb line repre-
senting the "centre of gravity"
should fall in alignment with
top centre of the skull through
the centre of the ear, and
through the centre at the joints
at the shoulder, hip, knee and
The chin should be at a right
angle to the rest of the body.
The shoulders should be
straight and chest up but not
in an exaggerated stance, and
abdomen firm, not sucked in.
"In this position, the spine
holds its natural gentle curves

and the weight of the body is
supported by having an equal
amount of weight on the hip
joints and the feet, slightly
apart...when you sit the same
principle applies to the back,
abdomen, shoulder and head,
but the thighs should, be at 90
to 100 degrees with feet flat on
the floor," she adds.
As simple as achieving the
correct posture may seem, it
requires discipline. Correcting
bad posture, says Dr Donald,
takes time by doing strength-
ening exercises.
It is also true that a lifetime
of poor posture can lead to a
progression of symptoms in the
average adult. "It can start with
fatigue because our muscles
have to work hard just to hold
you up.
"When you have poor pos-
ture you waste energy just
moving, leaving you without
the extra energy you need to
feel good. Another symptom
is tight, achy muscles in the
neck, back, arms and legs. By
this stage,there may be a
change in your muscles and lig-
aments and you may have a
stiff, tight painful feeling," says
Dr Donald.
"More that 80 per cent of
neck and back problems are
the result of tight achy muscles
brought on by years of bad pos-
ture. These symptoms eventu-
ally lead to joint stiffness and
pain at risk for wear and tear
arthritis, or what is termed
degenerative osteoarthritis,"
she adds.


It is irrefutable then that the
quality of posture can make a
major difference in life. Good
posture can make you look and
feel younger, stronger and
more confident; and can help
improve breathing, advance

WHEN STANDING hold your head high, chin firmly for-
ward, shoulders back, chest oul, and st'nmaeh tucked in to increase
your balance. If you stand all day in a job like a cashier or clerk,
rest one foot on a stool or take breaks to get off your feet for a

WHEN SITTING use a chair with firm low back support.
Keep desk or table top elbow high, adjust the chair or use a
footrest to keep pressure olff the back of the legs, and keep your
knees a little higher than your hips. Get up and stretch frequent-
ly every hour if you sit for long periods of time. Do not sit on a
fat wallet; it can cause hip imbalance!

WHEN WORKING ON A COMPUTER take a one or two
minute task break every 20 minutes when you work at a computer
screen. Keep the screen 15 degrees below eye level. Place refer-
ence materials on a copy stand even with and close to the termi-

WHEN SITTING IN A CAR adjust the seat forward so your
knees are higher than your hips. Put a small pillow or cushion in
the small of your back.

4* WHEN SLEEPING lie on your side with your knees bent
and head supported by a pillow, Io make your head level with your
spine. Or, sleep on your back, avoiding thick pillows under your
head. Use a small pillow undei vour neck instead. Don't sleep on
your stomach.

WHEN LIFTING let your legs do the work in order to
prevent injury to your low back. Stand close to the object, then
where possible squat down and straddle it. (Grasp the object, and
slowly lift the load by straightening your legs as you stand up. Car-
ry the object close to your body.

WHEN BENDING never twist from the waist and bend for-
ward at the same time. To lift or reach something on the floor,
bend the knees while keeping the back straight.

If you follow these practices, but still feel discomfort and pain
related to specific activities, visit your Doctor of Chiropractic peri-
odically for spinal check-ups and for a postural evaluation for
yourself and for your children.

(official website of the International Chiropractors Association)

sports performance, decrease
the risk of injury and improve
bio-mechanical efficiency.


There are many ways to
determine if posture is correct.
First, in the wall test stand with
the back of your head touching
the wall and your heels six
inches from the baseboard.
With the buttocks touching the
wall, check the distance with
your hand between your lower
back and the, wall, and your
neck and the wall.
If you can get within an inch
or two at the low back and two
inches at the neck, you are
close to having excellent pos-
ture. If not, your posture may
need professional attention to
restore the normal curves of
your spine.
Another way to access pos-
ture is the mirror test, which is
a front view. One stands fac-

ing a full-length mirror to see if:
your shoulders are level, your
head is straight, the spaces
between your arms and sides
seem equal, your hips are level,
your kneecaps face straight
ahead, and your ankles are


Or, the assessment can be
made from the side view. This
is much easier to do with the
heel of another, or by taking a
Check for the following:
head is erect, not slumping for-
ward or backwards, chin is par-
allel to the floor, not tilting up
or down, shoulders are in line
with ears, not drooping forward
or pulled back, stomach is flat,
knees are straight, lower back
has a slightly forward curve
(not too flat or not curved too
much forward, creating a hol-
low back).

"Copyrighted Material

Syndicated Content

Available from Commercial News Providers"

&- ~



bad posture

takes time


TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005, PAGE 5C


PAGE 6C, TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2005


Alcohol plays significant part in

Caribbean diet and social scene

lcohol plays a
significant part
in the
Caribbean diet
and social
scene. Alcohol, specifically eth-
yl alcohol has been used for
centuries by all cultures. In
addition to being consumed as
a beverage strictly for recre-
ational purposes, alcohol has
been used sterilise and preserve
foods, as a component of reli-
gious ceremonies and to dull
the pain of surgery in the days
before, anaesthetics became
As a recreational drug it has
been found that generally
poorer people consume more
alcohol than more affluent per-
In the UK, studies have
shown that on average men
drink twice as much alcohol as
women, the young drink more
than the old and single persons
drink more than married per-
Alcohol, ethyl alcohol or
ethanol all refer to the natural
fermentation by product of
yeast and carbohydrate. While
not a nutrient, alcohol does
provide energy to the body.
However, these calories are
often referred to as "empty"
calories as they are not accom-
panied by any other nutrients.

One gram of alcohol contains
about seven kcal. This com-
pares with one gram of carbo-
hydrates/proteins which pro-
vide about four kcal, and ig fat
which provides nine kcal.
The amount of alcohol a spe-
cific beverage contains depends
on the type of drink. "Proof" is
the alcohol content of distilled
liquors/spirits such as whisky,
gin, rum or vodka. Proof is the
percentage of alcohol (by vol-
ume) multiplied by two. For
example, 100-proof alcohol =
50 per cent alcohol, 200 proof
alcohol = 100 per cent alcohol,
The calorie content of a
liquors is calculated by multi-
plying the amount in ounces
by the proof by the factor 0.8.
For example:

One ounce (1 shot) of 80
proof rum contains 1 x 80 x 0.8
=64 kcal.

The alcohol content of wine
is given as a percentage. White
wines average 12 per cent, and
red wines are around 14 per
cent alcohol.
The alcohol content of beer
is between three to eight per
cent. "Light" beers have fewer
calories and have about three
per cent alcohol content.
Liqueurs such as sherry and

Cataracts: New ways

to resto

IMA 'INE a thik*cIO ud
covering the lens of one or
both eyes and you will have
a pretty good idea of what
it is like to have cataracts.
Vision dims, even in broad
daylight. Night-time vision
is glazed. Sometimes you see
double and your eyes are
sensitive to light. Other
symptoms to be alert for:
cloudy, fuzzy, foggy, or filmy
vision; milky white pupils;
colours appear dull and
more difficult to distinguish;
glare from lights becomes
bothersome, especially at
night; glasses that were worn
for close work are no longer
needed. The most common
cause of cataracts is the age-
ing process. If the vision loss
caused by a cataract is only
slight, surgery may not be
needed. A change in your

re vision

glasses, stronger bifocals, or
the use of magnifying lenses,
and taking measures to
reduce glare may help
improve your vision and be
enough for treatment. Mod-
ern cataract surgery is safe
and effective in restoring
vision. Ninety-five per cent
of operations are successful.
For the most part, surgery
can be done on an outpatient
basis or involve no more
than an overnight hospital
stay. A person who has
cataract surgery usually gets
an artificial lens at the same
time. A plastic disc called an
intraocular lens is placed in
the lens capsule inside the
eye. Other choices are con-
tact lenses and cataract glass-
es. Your doctor will help you
decide which choice is best
for you.


Seniors Month, Sroke
Awareness Month
Doctors Hospital Distin-
guished Lecture Series on
May 26 will focus on Senior
Health with Dr Agreta

The Cancer Society of the
Bahamas meets at 5.30pm
on the second Tuesday of
each month at their Head-
quarters at East Terrace,
Centreville. Call 323-4482
for more info.

REACH Resources &
Education for Autism and
related Challenges meets
from 7pm 9pm the second
Thursday of each month in
the cafeteria of the BEC
building, Blue Hill Road.

MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Bahamas meets the third
Monday every month, 6pm
@ Doctors Hospital confer-
ence room.

The Bahamas Diabetic
Association meets every
third Saturday, 2.30pm
(except August and Decem-
ber) @ the Nursing School,
Grosvenor Close, Shirley


Doctors Hospital, the
official training centre of
the American Heart Asso-
ciation offers CPR classes
certified by the AHA.
The course defines the
warning signs of respiratory
arrest and gives prevention
strategies to avoid sudden
death syndrome and the
most common serious
injuries and choking that
can occur in adults, infants
and children.
CPR and First Aid class-
es are offered every third
Saturday of the month from
9am-lpm. Contact a Doc-
tors Hospital Community
Training Representative at
302-4732 for more informa-
tion and learn to save a life

Alcoholics Anonymous
meets @ 16 Rosetta St,
Monday-Friday and Sun-
day, 6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-
9.30pm, and on Saturday,
10am-1am & 6pm-7pm &
8.30pm-9.30pm; @ Sacred
Heart Catholic Church,
Shirley St, on Friday at

creme liqueurs contain 40 to
50 per cent alcohol.


The acute consumption of
alcohol has many immediate
effects. Alcohol works on the
brain and puts it to sleep. Alco-
hol functions as a depressant
to the central nervous system
and slows down body func-
In large amounts, alcohol can
cause sedation (can put you to
sleep), intoxication, uncon-
sciousness, and possible death.
The ability of alcohol-to affect
a person depends on the per-
son's gender, body size and
Some people have large
amounts of the enzyme that
breaks alcohol down in the
body. Having large amounts of
this enzyme reduces the imme-
diate physical effects this sub-
stance has on the body.

Immediate effects of alcohol
on the body:

Facial flushing
Numbness in hands/feet
Chest distress
Muscle weakness
Stomach discomfort

Chronic use of alcoholic bev-
erages is associated with many
harmful effects on the body. It
can cause under-nutrition
because of a reduced intake of
food. This reduced intake may
result from several factors,
including decreased appetite
so the person is eating less.
The toxic effects of alcohol
on the intestine could cause
fewer nutrients to be absorbed
or hamper the metabolism or
breakdown of foods in the
body. Alcohol impairs nutrient
absorption by damaging the
cells lining the stomach and
Even if nutrients are digested
and absorbed, alcohol can pre-
vent them from being fully
utilised by altering their trans-
port, storage, and excretion.
In the early stages of alco-
hol abuse these empty calories
provided by alcohol can lead
to obesity, but as time pro-
gresses the person who abuses
alcohol may replace regular
food intake with alcohol, this
leads to weight loss as alcohol
does not provide as much ener-
gy and the variety of nutrients
as foods.


A chronic disorder charac-
terised by dependence on alco-
hol, repeated excessive use of
alcoholic beverages, develop-
ment of withdrawal symptoms
on reducing or stopping alcohol
intake, development of illness-
es that may include cirrhosis of
the liver, and decreased ability
to function socially and voca-
tionally. It is currently believed
by many to be a disease with
strong genetic links.
Chronic alcoholics are prone
to vitamin deficiencies. For
example alcohol inhibits fat
absorption and thereby impairs
absorption of the vitamins A,
E, and D that are normally
absorbed along with dietary
Vitamin C and the B vita-
mins, as well as thiamine and
folate, are also deficient in
some alcoholics. Deficiencies
of thiamine and folate are asso-
ciated with mental illness in
chronic alcoholics.
Deficiencies of minerals such
as calcium, magnesium, iron
and zinc are common in alco-
holics, but it is not the alcohol
itself that affects the absorp-
tion of these minerals. Instead
these deficiencies seem to
occur because of other alcohol-
related problems: decreased
calcium absorption due to fat
malabsorption; magnesium
deficiency due to decreased
intake, increased urinary excre-
tion, vomiting, and diarrhoea;
iron deficiency related to gas-
tro-intestinal bleeding and zinc
malabsorption or losses related
to other nutrient deficiencies.
Chronic alcohol consump-
tion is associated with damage
to the liver. It has been shown

that as many as 50 per cent of
all alcoholics will have cirrhosis
of the liver.
The liver works very hard to

M THE amount of alcohol a specific beverage contains depends on the type of drink.

(The Tribune archive photo)

break down alcohol and
remove it from the body as it is
toxic to our bodies. But in
doing so over many years the
liver itself becomes damaged
and eventually loses its ability
to heal itself adequately.
The scar tissue that results
from these healing attempts is
what is known as cirrhosis of
the liver. This condition
becomes fatal when the liver
,.pses piuch of its functioning, so
can no longer perform its
essential tasks.
In addition to risking devel-
oping cirrhosis of the liver,
heavy drinkers are more sus-
ceptible to the liver damaging
effects of industrial chemicals,
anaesthetics, chemical cancer
causing compounds and many
commonly used drugs.


Alcohol consumption is also
believed to have an association
with the development of can-
cers. Alcohol is a carcinogen
(cancer causing compound) as,
well as a co-carcinogen as it
can increase the cancer caus-
ing effects of other compounds.
Additionally, acetyl alde-
hyde, which can be found in
alcoholic drinks and is the main
metabolic product from alco-
hol in humans, is a known car-
cinogen in animals. Studies
have found a dose response to
alcohol consumption in oral
cavity, pharynx, larynx oesoph-
agus and liver cancer.
This means that as more
alcohol is consumed the risk of
developing any one of these
cancers is increased. Recently
alcohol has also been implicat-
ed in progression of colon can-
cer, but the information is still
relatively new.
Alcohol use in pregnant
women is not recommended.
The alcohol itself is toxic to
the developing foetus and the
nutrient deficiencies that can
occur because of its use also
hamper development. Alcohol
use can restrict the flow of
nutrients to the developing foe-
tus. The baby may be born with
foetal alcohol syndrome, and
may exhibit the following
Small body size and weight,
slower than normal develop-
ment and failure to catch up.
Skeletal deformities:
deformed ribs and sternum,
curved spine, hip dislocations,
bent, fused, webbed or missing
fingers or toes; limited move-
ment of joints; small head.
Facial abnormalities: small
eye openings, skin webbing
between eyes and base of nose.
drooping eyelids, nearsighted-
ness, failure of eyes to move in
same direction, short upturned
nose, sunken nose bridge, flat
or absent groove between nose
and upper lip, thin upper lip,
opening in roof of mouth, small
jaw, low-set or poorly formed
Organ deformities: heart

defects, heart murmurs, genital
malformations, kidney and uri-
nary defects.
Central nervous system
handicaps: small brain, faulty
arrangement of brain cells and
connective tissue, mental retar-
dation, usually mild to moder-
ate but occasionally severe,
learning disabilities, short atten-
tion span, irritability in infancy,
hyperactivitv in childhood, poor
hody, land, and finger co-ordi-

Long-term alcohol use caus-
es a marked acceleration in the
metabolism of commonly used
medical drugs. This leads to
lower circulating levels in the
blood which in turn caused
reduced efficacy of the medi-
cine. Essentially the drug is
broken down before the body
can use it properly. On the oth-
er hand if the drug is taken
with alcohol at the same time.
this can lead to higher than
needed levels of the drug in the
body because it takes too long
to break down.
With all of these uncomfort-
able side effects and harmful
consequences of alcohol use, it
may be surprising that its usage
has survived for centuries. This
may be related mostly to the
effects of alcohol on the brain.
The psychological effects of
alcohol intoxication include
lack of inhibitions, increase in
aggression and violence and
uninhibited sexual behav-
iour/lack of interest in sex.
In some instances these
effects may be seen as advan-
tageous and a person may
actively pursue these feelings
by drinking alcohol. Other
effects such as mood swings
and depression do not always
occur in some people so are
not a hindrance.
Also, impaired memory,
another psychological effect of
alcohol intoxication, may mean
that persons never remember
the immediate negative conse-
quences of their drinking.
In the last few years some
physical benefits to drinking
alcohol have been discovered.
Studies have shown that mod-
erate consumption of alcohol
is protective against heart dis-
Some studies suggest that
this is a function of all alco-
holic beverages while others
suggest that only moderate
cosumption of red wines pro-
vide this benefit due to their
higher level of antioxidants.
However, there is some con-
troversy surrounding this issue.
Some argue that (he other

harmful consequences of alco-
hol consumption outweigh the
benefit to heart health. They
point out that there are more
healthful food and beverage
choices that protect against
heart disease.

Indicators of Problems
Mainly Attributable to Long-
term Use of Alcohol Con-
sumption Level P oIs sible

High All liver cirrhosis,
Noxious influences via pancre-
Medium Lip and oropha-
rangyeal cancer, Oesophageal
cancer, Liver cancer, Larngeal
cancer, Specific cardiac dys-
rhythmias, Oesophageal
varices, Gastro-oesophag. Lac-
Low Hypertension, breast
cancer, epilepsy, heart failure
and ill-defined stroke, acute
pancreatitis, spontaneous abor-
tion, poor fetal growth during
pregnancy, psoriasis, effect of
spontaneous abortion, slow
fetal growth/low birth weight.


One "unit" usually means a
beverage containing 8g of
ethanol, eg: a half pint of a 3.5
per cent beer, or one 25 ml pub
measure of spirits. A small (125
ml) glass of average strength
(12 per cent) wine contains 1.5


The term hazardous drink-
ing is widely used. It is synony-
mous with "at-risk drinking"
and can be defined as the reg-
ular consumption of:
Over 40g of pure ethanol
(5 units) per day for men
Over 24g of pure ethanol
(3 units) per day for women.
These figures derive from
population studies showing the
relationship of self reported
levels of drinking to risk of
harm. It is arbitrary which
point on the risk curve is
deemed to merit a warning.
Other authorities have quoted
weekly recommended upper
limits for alcohol;consumption
of 21 units per week for men
and 14 units'per week for
International literature
shows a strong relationship
between alcohol consumption
in particular road crashes, vio-
lent incidents., suicide and oth-
er causes of injury.

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All AM


G T S ,1 2 5E I

- '-

on gardening

'Treat rose bus.

Mother's Day
was just two
days ago and
I am sure the
most popular
floral gift was roses. I do hope
some mothers received their
roses growing in a container.
Treat rose bushes right and
they will give beauty for
decades to come, long after cut
roses have been thrown out
and become a distant memo-
-Let's del-i-ffl a newly-
acquired rose bush straight
away. The sooner you get it
into its permanent position the
....... happier the-plant will be:.
We may be inclined to think
that roses are delicate and need
to be babied.
Nothing is further from the
truth. Choose a fertile area for
your rose, one that is in full sun
or at least gets full sun for most
of the day. Dig a broad hole at
least half again as deep as your
rose's pot. Fill the bottom of
the pit with a full bag of com-
mercial cow manure then
remove your rose from the
container and place it in the
middle. It should stand an inch
or two higher than the original
ground level.
If there is root growth that
has started to grow in circles,
that is an indication that the
rose has been potted for a long
time. Cut away these roots with
a pair of scissors or secateurs.
Replace the soil you have
removed and make a moat
around the plant about six
inches away from the stem.
Roses love plenty of water but
they do not like their roots to
be waterlogged. Apply water
to the moat. The cow manure
will provide good drainage and
some fertiliser. Do not apply
any extra fertiliser for at least
three m o nth s:.- . . .
There is a lot of mythology
about how to prune and care
for roses. This may be impor-
tant in.northern climes when
the blossoming season is short
but here in The Bahamas your
rose will bloom year round,
with short periods of rest in
When a blossom dies, cut the
branch at a point just above
where a leaf with more than
three leaflets is growing. New
growth will appear from here.
Use pass-through secateurs
rather than anvil pruners which
will crush the stem as you cut.
If you want to do real justice
to your rose bush, use a rose
special fertiliser according to

N MOTHER'S Day was
just two days ago and
Gardener Jack is sure
the most popular floral
gift was roses. And he
hopes some mothers
received their roses
growing in a container.


the package instructions. If you
rely on regular 6-6-6 granulated
fertiliser, apply a tablespoon-
ful to the moat area once a
month. The blooming and re-
blooming takes a lot out of the
plant so it needs plenty of
Never let your rose bush suf-
fer 'drought conditions, espe-
cially early on before the roots
;-have spread.
; Now the bad news. No mat-
'"Ier how well you look after
your rose yotrmay find-it-dying---
on you. It's not your fault. Dif-
ferent varieties of roses require
different temperature ranges.
---If--your rose- bush -has a tag--
which indicates its temperature
requirements it should read
zones 9-11. A rose labelled
zones 7-9 will not survive our
summers. Unfortunately, many
local importers take roses by
the batch and not all of them
are suited to our climate.
Even if your rose does well it
may be attacked by black spot
which is encouraged by our
humid atmosphere. You can
counter black spot by spraying
your rose bush with Orthene
or a similar systemic. The sys-
temic is absorbed into the
leaves and roots of the plant
and gives protection for about
three months.
Note at the beginning of this
article I said that roses can last
for decades. A Queen Eliza-
beth rose I bought my wife
about 18 years ago (for Hal-
lowe'en or Valentine's Day or
some such thing) is still bloom-
ing regularly.
Roses were first cultivated
in China over 5,000 years ago.
There are many rose cultivars
and types: hybrid teas, flori-
bundas, grandifloras, climbing
roses, polyanthas, hybrid per-
petuals, teas, French, damask,
--moss;-cabbage, hybrid-musk,.-
alba, Bourbon, noisette, Chi-
na, eglantine, tree roses, shrub
roses and miniatures.
.-All-have- their own special.
liarm. Hybrid tea roses are the
n1bst popular today because
dtey come in many different
colours including yellow, which
is rare in other cultivars.
Few flowers are as rewarding
as roses as they move from bud
to fully open.
Most have a glorious scent
to match the beauty of their
flowers. A rose is a rose is a
rose is a rose...something spe-


* DON JUAN (pictured above) is a climber that produces an abundance of deep red flowers, especially in summer.

PAGE 8C,-TUESDAY, MAY- 10, 2005


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