Group Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Title: The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Alternate Title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau Bahamas
Publication Date: April 19, 2005
Copyright Date: 2005
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084249
Volume ID: VID00088
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850

Full Text







Woman testifies

she was 'thrown

against a wall'

Tribune Staff Reporter
handbag designer Harl Taylor
was accused of throwing an
American woman against a wall
when his causing harm case
opened in Magistrate's Court
Kathleen Dwyer, an Ameri-
can who has brought charges
against Mr Taylor, testified that
Mr Taylor "grabbed" her arms
and "threw" her into a wall,
when she went to Mounbatten
House, his place of business..
During the first day of trial
in Magistrate's Court number
13 Nassau Street, Ms Dwyer
was the first witness to take the
stand. In her testimony, she told
the court, that when she went to
Moutbatten House to see Mr
Taylor about her contract with
him, which entailed him fur-
nishing and decorating her con-
do at Caves Point, and the
$100,000 that she had wired
him, she was told he was not
She said she went to use the
bathroom upstairs where she
saw Mr Taylor.
She then told the court:
"Harl jumped on me and came
after me. He grabbed me at my
arms and threw me into the
She also told the court that
she had bruises on her arms,
injury to her neck from hitting
the wall and her lower left back.
Ms Gail Charles, Mr Tay-

lor's lawyer, suggested to Ms
Dwyer that she had poked Mr
Taylor and called him a "Liar!
She also suggested to Ms
Dwyer that Mr Taylor never
touched her. Ms Dwyer denied
the suggestions.
Ms Charles suggested that Ms
Dwyer went to the office "to
see if Harl Taylor was there so
Mr Holowesko can send a big
man to serve papers."
The defence lawyer also sug-
gested to Ms Dwyer that she
would "personally like to
destroy Mr Taylor and his busi-
"Absolutely not," Ms Dwyer
Also taking the stand yester-
day was Troy Fitzgerald
McNeil, general manager of
Moutbatten House. He told the
court that when he was getting
out of his car, Ms Dwyer started
to take down her pants, wanting
to show him a bruise she got on
her bottom, after she was
pushed out of Mr Taylor's office
and fell.
Mr McNeil was also ques-
tioned about whether Ms
Dwyer asked him to take her
to the police station or men-
tioned the police at all.
"No," he told the court.
Mr McNeil also told the court
that Ms Dwyer had called him
and asked if a writ had been
Christopher Wright, officer
SEE page 12

Ancient crocodile skeletons found in Bahamas

toises once roamed around in
the Bahamas and there are
skeletons to prove it.
Divers in a blue hole in
Abaco have discovered the
bones of creatures which
probably lived in these islands
tens of thousands of years
The discovery, revealed
yesterday, is thought by
experts to be one of the most
significant archaeological
finds in this country.
The exact location of the

blue hole where the discov-
ery was made is being kept
secret because other remains
could be down there.
But it is known to be in
south Abaco, and the skele-
tons came to light during
an expedition by cave
divers, according to island
An islander said yesterday:
"The crocodiles are said to
be of a type no longer
found in the western hemi-
sphere. And the tortoises are
apparently similar to those

found in the Galapagos
The source added: "The
fact that the remains were
apparently found deep in the
blue hole suggests the crea-
tures were alive when the
Bahama islands were higher
out of the water than they are
Mrs Nancy Albury, of Man
o' War Cay, was reportedly
among those who made the
But she was not available
for comment last night.

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE Minister of Trade
and Industry Leslie Miller
expressed profound sympa-
thy with Bahamian drivers
as the price of gasoline is
scheduled to raise once
again today.
Today the price of a gal-
lon of gas will increase from
$3.57 to $3.86 in New Prov-
idence and go as high as
$4.20 on the Family Islands.
This marks an increase of
$0.29 cents within the last
few' weeks, even after a
$0.23 increase in March.
"This is a burden that is
being placed on the back of
the Bahamian people. It is
rough, but if you think you
have it bad in New Provi-
dence consider those peo-
ple in the Family Islands.
SEE page 12



POLICE investigations con-
tinue into the double shooting
in Fox Hill which occurred at
the weekend.
According to Inspector Wal-
ter Evans, police were called to
the scene in a yard in Peacock
Alley off Frances Alley late
Sunday afternoon and found
two male victims, both with
gunshot wounds,
They have been identified as
22-year-old Lavone Burnside of
Reid Street in Fox Hill and
Marcus Coakley, 21, also of Fox
Mr Burnside was shot in the
lower back and shoulder and
Mr Coakley was shot in the low-
er back, abdomen and right
SEE page 12


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It's for PLP government to

make CSME, FTAA decisions

ZHIVARGO Laing was right to
keep Fred Mitchell honest in the
debate over the CSME and the FTAA and
to expose a piece of political trickery on
the part of the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
FNM Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham
in 1994 signed the Declaration of Principles
at the Summit of the Americas in Miami
which, among other things, enabled The
Bahamas to participate in the negotiations
for a proposed Free Trade Area of the
Almost immediately, some commentators
accused Mr Ingraham of signing on to the
FTAA and demanded to know just what
The Bahamas was in for as a result. The
refrain was picked up in other quarters with
some people wanting to know what the
FNM government had committed the coun-
try to "with this FTAA".
I responded to this false propaganda
which still had currency as late as 2002. In
this column on November 26, 2002,1 I wrote:
"Another energy-wasting debating point

"Mr Mitchell and his
colleagues are facing
the awesome
responsibility of having
to decide whether The
Bahamas should join
the CSME and the FTAA.
But they are afraid and
want to share that
responsibility with the
previous government
along with any negative

is the assertion that thd FNM iVernment
should not have signed on to the FTAA in
the first place. Nobody can sign on to a
treaty before it has been negotiated. In all
likelihood there will be an FTAA but it
does not yet exist.
"What the previous (FNM) government
did was to agree to participate in the nego-
tiating process and it should be commended
for that. To have done otherwise would have
been quite irresponsible."

The erroneous perception faded
T away as it gradually sank into the
consciousness of the nation that the FNM
government had not signed on to the FTAA
and that there was no FTAA, only an agree-
ment to negotiate one.
At the end of the negotiating process each
nation will have the right to decide whether
it will sign on and each will make that deci-

"PLP leaders cam
have it both ways:
they cannot be in

sion after weighing the advantages and dis-
advantages. The same applies to CSME.
So it was surprising to hear Minister
Mitchell in 2005, more than a decade after
the Miami summit, trying to revive the dis-
credited line that the FNM government
signed the country on to the FTAA.
Yet that is exactly what he tried to do,
andso Mr Laing was right to expose him.
Mr Mitchell tried to dismiss Mr Laing's cor-
rection as "idle sophistry and hair-splitting".
So is this little skirmish really so unim-
portant? Is it only about semantic hair-split-
ting?e Mr Mitchell is one of the. brightest
people in the PLP government and there
is no way he can get away with a flimsy
excuse like that. He knew exactly what he
was up to and everybody else needs to know
as well.
Mr." Mitchell and his colleagues are fac-
ing the awesome responsibility of having to
decide whether The Bahamas should join
the CSME and the FTAA. But they are
afraid and want to share that responsibility
with the previous government along with
any negative fallout. So they must give the
impression that they are locked in by what
the FNM did.
Listen to Mr Mitchell:
"However, (the FNM) having made the
decision to join WTO for the country, a
decision by which we are bound, the gov-
ernment wants to give us the best advantage


government and
opposition at the same
time. It is for them to
educate the country
about the advantages
or disadvantages of
joining CSME and

as we become part of WTO."
"A decision by which we are bound"?
How so? Mr Mitchell would have been
more accurate to say "a decision with which
we agree".
The FNM government's decision to join
the WTO was a good one but if the PLP
government disagrees it is not bound to
continue with the accession process. Being
a member of the WTO binds the country to
join neither the CSME nor the FTAA.
PLP leaders cannot have it both ways:
they cannot be in government and opposi-
tion at the same time. It is for them to edu-
cate the country about the advantages or
disadvantages of joining CSME and FTAA.
They are the government.
The people at Mr Mitchell's former web-
site, Bahamas Uncensored, not unexpect-
edly came to the aid of their favourite min-
ister with the usual characterizations but no
reasoned defence. They concluded:
"We keep thinking: there is no special
drama in CSME, what is all the noise
Well, there is special drama and the noise
is about the Bahamian people wanting to
know what to expect if we should join the
For instance:, Will all those businesses
which are now exclusive to Bahamians -
including the retail trade be opened up
to competition from other Caribbean busi-
ness people? Not jut businesses on Bay
Street but Over-the-Hill and in the Family
Islands, too?
It is for Prime Minister Perry Christie,
Mr Mitchell and their colleagues to provide
satisfactory answers. It is for them to decide
whether to lead the country into, or keep it
out of, the CSME. And tdo the same with
regard to the FTAA if that agreement is
concluded before they leave office. Or refer
them both to the people, along with their

F PRESS reports have quoted him
accurately, Minister Mitchell wants to
change the philosophy of previous govern-


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It can be effectively argued that
no one grows up aspiring to be
a drug addict; no parent dreams
that their child will become an
alcoholic. Yet, around the world
drug addiction and alcoholism is
on the rise, especially in youth.
Global research has shown that
generally a person will turn to
drugs or alcohol to compensate
for something that is missing in
their life, or to dull emotional or
psychological pain that dominates
their life.
In societies where the support
of a robust family structure is
fragmented or non-existent, or
perhaps where unemployment
rates cultivate feelings of
hopelessness there often is
much missing in a young
person's life and more pain than
one might imagine. The tragedy
is that while drugs and alcohol
are used to deal with life's
problems, they become the
biggest problem in an addict's
life. Users become trapped in a
cycle: the more they try to kill
the new pain created by their
addiction, the worse their pain
becomes. Desperation and
hopelessness soon follow.
The Haven is a unique facility
in New Providence with a deep
understanding of the disease of
addiction. A Christian faith

ministry, The Haven offers hope
and the promise of a fulfilling life
to young Bahamian men through
a "Whole Man" process that
targets the body, soul, and spirit
on the road to recovery.
Founded in 1988 as Operation
Friendship, The Haven has a
three-pronged approach aimed at
"developing well-rounded,
emotionally secure men,
husbands, and fathers." The first
phase is withdrawal from the
addicition, then comes skill
development and work. The third
phase is re-entry into society,
drug and/or alcohol free.
The Haven's Carpentry Shop,
which produces high quality out-
door furniture, is at the center of
the skills development program.
Among its clientele are Atlantis,
the Lyford Cay Club, and the
Ministry of Tourism, to name a
few. Both work skills and ethics
are emparted to those in
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has a secondary but crucial role
of supplementing income which
sustains The Haven's primary
rehabilitation programs.
The Father Pat Fund is pleased
to donate $2,000 to The Haven.
Please consider supporting their
efforts to rebuild hope, rebuild
lives, one, young Bahamian at a

ments with regard to work permits for expa-
He proposes that work permits should
now be looked upon not as a barrier for
immigrant job-seekers but as a revenue-
earner for The Bahamas.
The idea of requiring payment for work
permits for expatriates, and the whole
process governing such permits, is precisely
to make sure that Bahamians have a right to
all jobs in their country.
Only when there is no Bahamian qualified
or willing to do a particular job should a
work permit be issued.
That has always been the policy.
* *


P rime Minister Perry Christie has
refused to make public the heads of
agreement for the redevelopment of the
Cable Beach resort strip despite all the glow-
ing comments he made at the announce-
ment production.
He says he will do so when the sale of
the hotels (presumably Mr Ruffin's) is com-
pleted. Before the end of the month, he
Fair enough. But Mr Christie could have,
in the meantime, relieved public anxiety by
answering just a few questions.
He could have assured the Bahamian
people that their enjoyment of Goodman's
Bay would not be compromised in any way.
A representative of the foreign developers
made a worrying remark on a radio talk
show about Bahamians having "access" to
Mr Christie could have stated clearly that
there was no reason for the government
even to consider forgiving Phil Ruffin
millions of dollars indebtedness to the gov-
ernment. After all, what is there to consid-

Mr Ruffin should pay every penny
he owes the government and its
agencies and corporations. If he decides to
re-invest his money in another resort devel-
opment in The Bahamas then concessions
would be in order.
Mr Christie could have told the
public that for $45 million the developers
would get a very generous package includ-
ing the government's Cable Beach Hotel
and maybe 50 to 60 acres of government
He could have said that all the talk
about 500 acres of prime government
land was quite ridiculous, outrageous
Only a government anxious no, desper-
ate to get something of its own started, or
at least prospected, before the next elec-
tion could contemplate such a scandaldus
give-away of Bahamian property for the
purpose of lucrative residential land devel-
opment by foreigners.




* BY DENISE MAYCOCK on Saturday. urday and alerted police.
Tribune Freeport Dr Marcus Bethel, who Firemen fought for hours
Reporter manages the private clinic, trying to extinguish the
said that preliminary assess- flames, which were fueled by
FREEPORT AN electri- ments indicate that the fire strong winds.
cal shortage in the ceiling originated in the ceiling or Dr Pamela Etuk, who
may have been the cause of roof. heads the east centre, said the
the fire that destroyed the A motorist in the area staff members were busy try-
Lucayan Medical Centre spotted flames coming from ing to salvage patient files
western complex in Freeport the building at 6.40am on Sat- and medical records.


attack on


for secrecy

Chief Reporter
OPPOSITION leader Alvin
Smith hit out at government
yesterday for not releasing the
heads of agreement for the bil-
lion dollar Cable Beach deal,
saying that there are too many
rumors circulating that it was a
"multi-million dollar giveaway".
Mr Smith said government
proposes to give away some of
"the most prime property in
New Providence" in what
amounts to nothing short of a
"fire sale".
"I am really disappointed that
government is hiding this heads

SEE page 12

Protest planned against

Haitian problem in Abaco

A MASS demonstration is
being planned in Abaco calling
on the government to act
against the growing Haitian
problem there.
Mrs Yvonne Key, an outspo-
ken campaigner against the
Haitian settlements called The
Mud and Pigeon Pea in Marsh
Harbour, is rallying support for
a placard protest next week.
Last night, Mrs Key accused
Prime Minister Perry Christie
and his two predecessors,
Hubert Ingraham and Sir Lyn-
den Pindling, of failing to act
because they were scared of
And she added: "But white
people are NOT scared of
voodoo and the time has come
to do something about this."
* Attention has been focused
on what some islanders see as'a:J;


potential time-bomb by the
vocal one-man campaign by
photographer and entrepreneur
Jeffery Cooper.
Mr Cooper claims the grow-
ing menace of illegal Haitian
immigration threatens to sub-
merge Bahamian culture in
Abaco and cause a gigantic
health problem.
He says the Haitian settle-
ments are imposing Third
World standards on the island
and degrading the water table
to such an extent that disease is
Mr Cooper also believes
Haitians have a strategy in
place to become the dominant
force in the island. He has
warned that if no action is tak-
en, Abaco will become an off-
shopt of(Haiti within ten years.
Mrs. Key told The Tribune:
"What Mr Cooper is doing is
right. Now we want to organise
a demonstration outside the
commissioner's office to let the
government know how we feel.

"One of the placards will
pose the question: 'Is govern-
ment scared of voodoo?' There
is no doubt that black Bahami-
ans are scared of obeah and I
believe that Christie, Ingraham
and Pindling were all scared of
it, too.
"I know that Pindling always
did things by numbers. He was
mega-scared of obeah. That is

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why the government has not
touched this problem."
Mrs Key feels some white
Abaconians will not join her
demonstration because they
want Haitian labour on the
island. She said the lack of
Bahamian labour made the
Haitians an important part of
the job market.
But it was now reaching the
stage where Haitians were tak-
ing over, causing a major health
risk into the bargain.
"We had a situation here
recently where a restaurant in
Marsh Harbour was warned
about health standards. Yet in
Pigeon Pea and The Mud, the
Haitians are emptying their
waste buckets into holes in the
'"This is happening not 500
feet from where I'm speaking
now. I have, told the Haitians
that I have nothing against
them, but I want them to move
out of Marsh Harbour.
"I want them to live in prop-
er homes with proper standards
of sanitation. I am concerned
about the effect they are having
on local health.
"It's interesting that over the
last five years lots of people I
know, youngish people in their
early to mid-fifties, have been
dying of cancer. This has never
happened before.
"Who is to say that this has
not been caused by what's hap-
pening to the water here? The
two things could be linked."
Mrs Key said neither three

THE Grand Bahama
Human Rights Association
yesterday accused the gov-
ernment of showing "con-
tempt" for the Family Islands
by refusing to spread the $35
million to be used for the
national sports stadium
across the country.
Instead of building one $35
million stadium in Nassau,
the association insists that the
government should build sev-
eral small stadiums in the
larger Family Islands.
It said government should
be spending $2 million on the
Abacos, $2 million on the
Exumas, $2 million on
Eleuthera, $7 million on
Grand Bahama and $2mil-
lion on Long Island in an
effort to provide funding for
better sporting facilities.
The association pointed
out that the balance of
around $20 million would be
more than adequate to con-
struct a modern facility in
"Are there no athletes in
Eleuthera, the Abacos, the
Exumas, Grand Bahama or
other Family Islands? The
association calls upon the
government to share the
bounty that the People of
China have bestowed upon
the Bahamas,"



successive prime ministers
nor hurricanes had been able
to move the Haitian settle-
ments. But she feared that
Bahamians might soon become
so frustrated with the situa-
tion that they would act
themselves to move them.
Meanwhile, Mr Cooper has
been deluged with calls of con-
gratulation since The Tribune's
INSIGHT article highlighted
his crusade yesterday.
The Mud and Pigeon Pea,
which cover several acres, are
shanty settlements with no
proper waste disposal system.
They accommodate hundreds
of Haitian families.
Now more settlements are
springing up near Treasure Cay
with no reference to planning
approval or land ownership,
with some Haitians fencing off
areas of Crown land for their
own use.




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PROMISING Bahamians lower gas prices,
Trade and Industry Minister Leslie Miller is
like a man standing on the seashore trying to
hold back an inevitable tide of rising oil costs.
He blames the oil companies for the rise -
the evil middlemen and talks as though
the world is taking advantage of the poor lit-
tle Bahamas. What he does not seem to
recognise is that the whole world is suffering
for various and many complex reasons -
reasons that neither large nor small coun-
tries can control.
A burgeoning China is demanding more
oil, Russia is also drawing from the world
supply as her own oil fields are not meeting
production projections. In the meantime the
international oil companies are desperately
trying to find outlets to shore up their dwin-
dling reserves.
A well placed source commented recently
that if the United States fails to find a second
Saudi Arabia to supply its fuel, the future
could be bleak.
OPEC, and not governments, control oil
prices and until the industrialised world
becomes more independent of Arab oil wells,
the unstable Middle East will dictate the eco-
nomic growth of industrialised nations.
And so, no one is in a conspiracy against
the Bahamas. We just have to'recognise that
we are a part of the world, and as the'wbrld 'I
suffers particularly the United States 'so
do we.
Mr Miller has accused the offshore oil
companies of profiteering. He is bent on get-
ting rid of the middle man and tying up with
PetroCaribe, which represents a
Caribbean/Latin American partnership to
buy oil from Venezuela. In our opinion this is
a frighteningly risky business, considering
the instability of Venezuela.
Mr Miller must also be having his doubts.
In announcing increased gas prices today, he
hints at misgivings with his PetroCaribe
"This in my opinion is an unfair burden,
but unfortunately there is nothing much we
can do at this time," he commented in refer-
ence to the increased prices. "We are still
pursuing PetroCaribe but all of us in the
Caribbean are having some difficulty in get-
ting the Venezuelans to pin-point what is
going to be in this deal. We are really just
waiting on some word from them, but it's
difficult because everybody is looking for the
We are afraid that Mr Miller will continue

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to wait.
Even in OPEC Venezuela's President
Hugo Chavez is known as a "price hawk". He
is notedl'fr pushing for stringent enforce-
ment of production quotas and higher tar-
get prices.
Does Mr Miller forget Venezuela's general
strike in 2002 when in an attempt to oust Mr
Chavez from power hundreds of thousands of
Venezuelans demonstrated outside the oil
This was serious business as Venezuela is
the world's fourth largest oil exporter and at
the time of the strike the third largest supplier
of oil to the United States.
Venezuela's state-run oil company was
virtually shut down when production was
reduced by 40 per cent. Exports were halted
and Venezuela itself suffered from gas
shortages. The country's heavy steel and
aluminium industries were practically shut
"I don't even want to imagine what would
happen if entire cities were left without elec-
tricity," a member of Venezuela's petrole-
um state board told the press.
Mr Chavez is a president much under fire.
Just suppose the Bahamas cut all ties with the
companies that for soimany years made cer-
tain that it was never without fuel, and
VWfi&elha ad anatril a iaffxiol ts
*fessd fspped. ', '
BNhAAiaits k widQ y c 1 'hen
our electricity goes rff o few hours. Can
anyone imagine what it would be like if,
dependent on oil from Venezuela, we were
shut down for weeks.
Last month economist Ralph Massey,
director 'of the Nassau 'Institute, was of the
opinion that Mr Miller's attempts to secure a
cheaper source of fuel were done more for
political' than economic reasons.
"If Venezuela wants to sell at prices below
market it comes with a price," Mr Massey
warned. "If we want to align ourselves with
Venezuela and get oil subsidies, it begs the
question: Is it really in the best interest of
the Bahamas?"
We say no. If Mr Miller wants to cut out a
middle man to ease the pressure on the con-
sumer, then he should look to reduce gov-
ernmenit's gas taxes $1.06 per gallon tax
and seven per cent stamp duty.
Despite prices, the oil companies will
always ensure that the Bahamas has a fuel
supply more than one can say for
Venezuela and President Chavez.

The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEONE. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
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Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
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Don't look to Venezuela for fuel

Wishes to announce that applications are
now being invited from all qualified members
who wish to be considered for
recommendation as candidates for the seats
to become available on either the Board of
Directors or The Supervisory Committee at
the 28th Annual General Meeting to be held
on Saturday May 21, 2005.

All members interested in serving in either
capacity should collect an application form
from any office of the Teachers and Salaried
Workers Co-operative Credit Union Limited
offices in Nassau, Freeport or Abaco.

Completed applications, along with other
information requested should be returned to
any of the offices on or before the close of
business on Friday April 29, 2005.

Any application, not fully completed or without
the requested supporting information, or
received after the aforementioned date will
Snot be eligible for consideration.


I am aware, all countries join
as a nation and not as a block of
If Bacardi cannot sell its
product in CARICOM coun-
tries, this is a fault of the gov-
ernment for not responding to
help Bacardi. Similar response
to CARICOM products should
be implemented by the govern-
ment of the Bahamas in retali-
ation to CARICOM's Bacardi
Advocates also talk about the
reservations that will be given to
the Bahamas. Would any right-
thinking person believe that the
reservations are guarantees to
the country and that CARI-
COM would respect it?
We have seen that advocates
in the Caribbean have been
advising Jamaica to ignore the
recent Privy Council ruling on
the proposed CCJ. This tells
you that they have no respect
for the rule of law. And if the
Bahamas were to join, we
would be subjected to the same
attitude towards the rule of law
and away goes the reservations,
packaged in the form of law
suits before the CCJ.
His Excellency published a

"trailer" in the form of a book-
let on the CSME. This publica-
tion shows the general arrogant
attitude of forcing something
on the Bahamas. The approach
should have been general, sim-
ply giving the facts and not
seeking to promote the CSME.
Where did the funds come from
for him to do this? It came from:
the government of the;
We in BARF are requesting!
similar funding to show 38 rea-
sons why the Bahamas should'
not join the CSME. I am.of the
view that, should we join
CSME, certain advocates would:
receive certain appointments in
CARICOM. Surely we cannot
justify membership on that
We urge the Prime Minister
to tell us the mechanism he'
used or the mechanism he,
intends to use to determine the
Bahamas' position on whether
to join CSME and to make
equal funds available to those
who oppose. We also ask him to
bring true consultation on this
issue because one thing is cer-
tain: the canvassing being done
now does not amount to con-
Chairman BARF
April 14 2005

EDITOR, The Tribune.
IT appears that Hon Fred
Mitchell and His Excellency
Leonard Archer, through the
auspices of the government of
the Bahamas, have engaged in a
series of events designed to ori-
ent Bahamians to CSME and
commit the country to this
regime. They have also sought
to engage the Central Bank and
BSFB in their promotional
This is'so even though there
has not been any debate or
agreement on the country's par-
ticipation in the CSME. Are
these gentlemen speaking for
the' government of the
Bahamas? Do their views rep-
resent those of the Cabinet or
Parliament? These are ques-
tions that should be answered
by the Prime Minister no less.
Personally I am of the view
that the government has
promised the Bahamas to the
CSME and Minister Mitchell
and His Excellency Archer have
been given the mandate to facil-
itate acceptance by the coun-
It seems to me, even though
they would prefer us to join,
they must give cogent argu-
ments for us to join and not the
same worthless arguments
about it assisting the country in
its access to the WTO and that
Bacardi not being able to sell
its rum to the Caricom coun-
tries unless we join.
Let's just examine these two
overused and unless arguments.
The WTO, I have advised in the
past extends far beyond trade.
WTO agreements also force
.countries to implement specific
pocstheir4 laws.
I ti change :
bete)re ns) these
rules are aimed at eliminating
the diversity of national poli-
cies, priorities and cultures to
create the uniform world sought
by multinational corporations. It
is an organisation that a devel-
oping country such as the
Bahamas should avoid at all
However, you join this organ-
isation as an independent coun-
try and not as a block of
nations, ie the Bahamas has
sought membership and ought
to be capable of joining on
terms that are favourable to it.
If we need the assistance of
CARICOM or any other coun-
try for more favourable terms of
membership, it is already on the
wrong footing since the mem-
bership is not equal. It is always
a red flag when you hear that
membership has tiers. As far as

Foreign reserves and

finances tell a story

EDITOIoThe TtitiAne.
WHICHVER side: of the political divide one sits at this,
stage of our economic development and the opportunities
seemingly coming our way, we must congratulate the Prime
Minister for the obvious incredible success that seems to being
I agree with those who have been so far critical of the Prime
Minister, simply because it became obvious for some time
that there was nothing happening and that had caused politi-
cal dissatisfaction and anxiety for those who had been unem-
ployed for too long. It translated also in the serious growth in
unsocial behaviour and criminal activity.
In pure economic terms, we have substantial commitments
and endorsements, which even a developed country would
be mighty proud of, because anywhere there is financial insti-
tutional support in excess of $7 billion in institutional funds for
development projects, no one can sneeze at that achievement.
The Opposition cannot take credit for more than the Kerzn-
er Phase Three, but realize even that was well known, had
grown if not doubled its size since election in May 2002 result-
ing from the investment climate.
What will all of this mean in touchable terms? Certainly
many do not understand why the current foreign reserves sit at,
US$717 million, actually increasing from US$156 million in
See page 12

Clothing Racks and show cases Sewing Items
Threads Buttons Custom Jewllery
....... and lots more

Cl: 38 ,79\ ,39 12


leading us

into CSME

OEHENalty gtoSaesN _AIOrr
ininin ,ukin*A n,




Convict: certificate condemns

Chief Reporter
LAWYER William Holowesko
said that his client George Lock-
wood may decide to pack up his
proposal for a fish farm in Inagua
after trying to get it approved by
government for the past six years.
Mr Lockwood is expected to
hold a press conference shortly to
explain his position fully.
Mr Holowesko insists that the
prime minister is being misled on
the matter. He said trying to con-
vey facts to government has
become "like trying to talk to Eski-
mos who speak Chinese".
"He wanted to leave a long time
ago. I kept telling him what is best
for the Bahamas is best for Inagua
and I honestly believed that we
could make these people see the
light but I am questioning my own
judgment," said Mr Holowesko.
Prime Minister Christie
responded to the lawyer's earlier
declarations during a debate in the
House of Assembly last Wednes-
"They challenge me to talk
about Inagua. I respected Mr
Holowesko up to the time he wrote
something in that newspaper and
made a statement about me.
"I have the responsibility of gov-
erning this country and I could
walk in here with court dockets
today and lay them on the table
arid you will understand why I say:
'Mrn,man, you want to invest, show
me on investment in Inagua.
"Show me that what I know to
be your corporate background is
not present here today in the
Bahamas. And then once you do
this, show this country an Envi-
ronment Impact Assessment that
we are able to agree that in the
face of scientific advice that what
you want to do is feasible and sen-
"Now what would it look like
for me as prime minister to get
caught up in this personal attack
that he levied and say do you think
that if I have a document that tells
me that someone was in business
before and has been bankrupt and
millions of dollars were lost and it
goes beyond that don't lets go
beyond that but this information
is accessible it is known and a gov-
ernment is expected to take ques-
tions and raise questions on it," Mr
Christie said.
However, Mr Holowesko said
that the assertion that his client
Sent bankrupt is fundamentally
The lawyer explained that Mr
ockwood had a fish farm in
awaii called Ocean Farms of
awaii which was taken from him
a hostile takeover by a Japan-
n order to fight the hostile
over the company borrowed
seon from the state of Hawaii.
security for the loan was the
ets of the company and Mr
kwood also personally guaran-
the loan, he said.
wo years before the company
nt into liquidation, Mr Lock-
od had no interest in the com-
ny because it was the
panese interest and left Hawaii,
s lawyer said.
He said that Hawaii was still
however owed the $1 million, and
eventually came after Mr Lock-
wood in a non-judicial proceeding
for payment on the loan.
"At the time Mr Lockwood's
lawyers advised him that the only
way he can escape the proceedings
was if he got the matter into courts
and in order to do that he would
have to file for bankruptcy.
"He didn't go bankrupt, it was a
legal ploy to get in before the court,
and the judge said, 'why are you
going after this man?' Lockwood
was cleared of his bankruptcy and
he sued the state of Hawaii for
malicious prosecution and the state
of Hawaii settled out of court."
"When he ran the company the
company ran well. The system that
he had works," said Mr

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risoners to unemployment

A CONVICT who has spent
eight weeks living on the streets
of Nassau after being released
from jail says more must be done
to help people like him find
Kenneth Thompson, who
claims to be a master craftsman,
said the police certificate which
ex-prisoners have to present at
interview is condemning them to
a life of unemployment.
"In the end, out of sheer des-
peration, these people are going
back to crime," said Mr Thomp-
son, a 39-year-old divorcee.
"Unless they have a good family
support system in place, they

Dr Eliston Rahming: moves are

underway to correct faults in process

have no choice."
In his case, he said, he had
repeatedly been turned down for
jobs once prospective employers
saw the "convict" reference on
his certificate.
"As a result, I've been sleeping
out on the streets for more than
eight weeks, raiding dumpsters

*f I


"Copyrighted Material.

.l Syndicated Content r

Available from Commercial News Providers"

Woman charged

with stealing

Tribune Staff Reporter
A TWENTY five-year-old
woman was charged in Mag-
istrate's Court yesterday with
going on a two-week stealing
spree at the Mall at
Carline Gilene, a resident
of Port-Au Prince, Haiti was
charged with three counts of
stealing over a two week peri-
According to couri docu-
ments, Gilene allegedly while
in the parking lot of the
Marathon Mall, stole $800 the
property of Theresa Fergu-
son on Friday, April 1,
She is further accused of
stealing $400 cash and a $250
cheque the property of Mit-
phah Armbrister on Thurs-
day, April 7, and charged with
stealing $2,500 the property
of Levita Roker while in the
Brass and Leather shop in the
mall on April 13.
Gilene appeared before
Magistrate Marilyn Meyers
yesterday. She pleaded not
guilty to all three charges.
Magistrate Meyers accept-
ed the pleas and granted
Gilene bail at $4,500.
She is expected to return
to court on July 13, 2005.

for food. I have lost close to 40
pounds. I am desperate but I've
promised myself that I wiliiever
go back to the hell of Fox Hij."
Mr Thompson, whose'hanme
has been altered to protect his
identity, has spent a total of 11
years in Fox Hill, initially for vio-
lence but more recently for theft.

prison superintendent
Dr Elliston Rahming.

Now, after 11 weeks out of jail,
eight of them on the streets, he
says he has been offered work
by a man who saw him eating
old meat from a garbage skip.
"The man said 'what are you
doing?' I said I was hungry and
desperate. He said 'come with
me' and offered me a job. I real-
ly hope now that I can get my
life back on track."
Mr Thompson, who claims his
life fell apart after he caught his
wife with another man, says Fox
Hill Prison does little dr nothing
to prepare inmates for release
into society.

He said talk about rehabilita-
tion of prisoners was "nonsense",
with only basic reading and arith-
metic classes available for those
who wanted them.
"A vocational school was
opened back in 2000 but it is still
empty. Nothing is going on there.
There is no rehabilitation pro-
"The biggest focus at Fox Hill
is on punishment. There is also
plenty of bribery and other illegal
operations among officers.
"If society is intent on cracking
down .on; crime, a man needs
basic things like food and shelter.
To get those he needs work.
"I can understand the police
certificate being needed for
employment in banks, the police
or things where security is
"But are they needed for
menial work where ex-prisoners
are trying to make a basic liv-
ing? I am a master craftsman but,
try as I may, I can't get a job.
"I am not looking for charity. I
am looking for a chance to
rebuild my life. But a man with a
police certificate calling him a
convict has 100 strikes against
him from the start."
Mr Thompson said his crimi-

nal career began after he
attacked his wife and her lover.
"I beat the hell out of both of
them," he said. This landed him
in prison for the first time.
"When I eventually got out, I
didn't basically give a damn and
got in with the wrong crowd. I
began smoking marijuana and
got into cocaine. Then I started
house-breaking and my last sen-
tence was four years for theft."
But he said he now wants to
re-enter society properly. How-
ever, Fox Hill had effectively
"thrown me into the street" with
no means of support.
"There is no proper pre-
release screening. I have no fam-
ily support. All I got was a $50
food certificate from social ser-
"There is no way in the world
that I want to go back into Fox
Hill, but the past eight weeks on
the streets have been hell.
"I have slept in parks, in bush-
es, I've been attacked by a group
of boys. All I want is a chance to
go straight."
Mr Thompson said many ex-
prisoners made no attempt to
rebuild their lives. They just went
back to the drug gangs they had
left behind or other forms of
But those who wanted to
make a decent life for themselves
were finding it very hard to do so.
"If the government is really seri-
ous about cutting down on crime,
they need to look at this situation
very carefully," he said.
Newly-appointed prison super-
intendent Dr Elliston Rahming
told The Tribune that moves
were now underway to correct
faults in the pre-release process.

He said plans were still in their
infancy, but they would aim to
assess prisoners' skills, accom-
modation prospects, family sup-
port and other factors affecting
re-entry into society.
He said there would in future
also be a prison certificate to
counter the police certificate,
enabling employers of goodwill
to compare "th6 person who
was" with "the person who is".
This would cite skills acquired in
prison, attitude, courses taken
and other factors.
"This certificate will list the
views of those who have had con-
tact with the prisoner during his
time in prison," he added.
Dr Rahming advised Mr
Thompson to seek food and shel-
ter in a special facility for ex-pris-
oners on Marshall Road. T
his, he said, was designed to
help former inmates with
their basic requirements while
they got their lives back on t

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ComeandIBnhfull mof alyur

Marine expert

gives advice on

preventing ...

coastal erosion

THE Bahamas is risking
severe coastal damage by remov-
ing vegetation and improperly
developing coastal areas.

That is the conclusion of
world-renowned marine scien-
tist Dr Ellen Prager, who has
warned of the dire effects on

the coast by coastal flooding
and storm surges.
Removing mangroves and
vegetation at the shoreline
invariably leads to serious
coastal erosion, said Dr Prager,
who is an assistant dean of the
Rosenstiel School of Marine
and Atmospheric Science.
She was addressing meteo-
rologists at the Ninth Bahamas
Weather Conference. Her
remarks came as the Bahamas
observes Coastal Awareness
Month, which seeks to educate
residents about the preserva-
tion of the coastal environ-
The natural breakwater bar-
rier for the land is removed
when mangroves are des-
troyed, Dr Prager said. This,
she said, leaves the land vul-
nerable to flooding.
Flooding and storm surge
problems on land are coupled
with the serious damage that
can be done to coral reefs, she

* A MULTI-AGENCY committee is taking a close look at several coastal issues

While coral reefs are some-
times damaged due to natural
causes, much more damage is
caused to them by humans. Dr
Prager said the reefs are much
more likely to recover from
damage caused by the natural
"Coral reefs are resilient, and
they can come back from that,"
she said. "The main question is
about humans putting so much
stress on the coral. Can they
come back from us?"

Even more strain comes from
building on the shoreline and
the expansion of populations,
Dr Prager said.
Mangroves are often
removed to accommodate

building developments. Mean-
while, construction of buildings
and roads near the shoreline
also makes the land vulnerable
to flooding.
Dr Prager said communities'
must pay attention to sustain-
able development in order to
preserve the coastal environ-
"Development is not going
to stop," she said. "But we can
do it right. We are starting to
restore our wetlands (in the
US). We are starting to restore
our mangroves."
Earlston McPhee, chairman
of the Coastal Awareness
Month committee, said
Bahamians should pay careful
attention to Dr Prager's advice.
"Here is a well-qualified
authority on this matter speak-

ing on a subject that is incredi-
bly important to us," Mr
McPhee said.
"We must preserve our
coastal environment because
we are losing our buffering
capacity for the land at the
"If we maintain lush coast-
lines, we may even be able to
lessen the damage caused dur-
ing hurricanes."
Mr McPhee pointed out that
Dr Prager has conducted oft-
cial coastal and marine studies
for the highest levels of the
United States government.
The US government is look-
ing into legislation to help pro-
tect the environment, partly
based on the recommendations
of a research committee on
which she served.

Environmental group

call for 'coastal rescue'

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Tribune Staff Reporter
A PRESSURE group is call-
ing for the government to cre-
ate a new event to halt the
"relentless attack" on the coun-
try's coastal resources.
The Coalition to Save Clifton
believes that Coastal Aware-
ness Month, newly introduced
to April, needs to be extended
into "Coastal Rescue Month",.
in response to the constant loss
and degradation of this "pre-
cious commodity", particularly
in New Providence.
"While there is damage from
a normal erosion and other nat-
ural causes, the vast majority
of the destruction is inflicted by
ignorant, greedy, and selfish
individuals who very often are
concerned only about the
almighty dollar," said a coali-
tion spokesman.
He added that developers
continue to indiscriminately

dredge, carve, cut out, drain,
fill-in and otherwise alter the
natural coastline wytkgAseeqi
disregard for the negative
impact of their actions.
The coalition cited the Mon-
tague coastal area as an exam-
In addition, the spokesman
claimed that it is a common
practice for coastal property
owners to enlarge their prop-
erties by simply pushing.fill
materials into the sea, and cut-
ting off public access to the
coast by erecting high walls
along the roadway.


The coalition congratulated
the ,government for introduc-
ing Coastal Awareness Month,
but made an urgent appeal to
the government to work dili-
gently to preserve and protect
the interest of the Bahamian

people at a time when there is a
unprecedented demand for
,,pagl Plry Y particularly q y
foreign investors.
The Coalition has made the
following recommendations:
A moratorium on beach-
front construction, and the con-
struction of docks and break-
waters should be strictly con-
The privatisation of pub-
lic beaches and coastal proper-
ties should be halted.
Public access to all beach-
es should be ensured by the
The coalition has challenged
public and private institutions,
including business, civic and
church organisations to pro-
mote the interests and well-
being of the Bahamian people.
It challenged the Bahamas
National Trust to live up to its
statutory mandate to protect
and preserve the environmental
interests of the Bahamas.


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- _-*
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The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighbourhoods. Call us
on 322-1986 and share
your story.




Health-conscious walkers

make it over the bridges

* PICTURED (1-r) in front are Governor General Dame Ivy Dumont, Alan Peacock, pres-
ident and CEO of Colonial Group International (CGI), Lynda Gibson, executive vice-pres-
ident and general manager of Atlantic Medical Insurance Limited, and Minister of Trade and
Industry Leslie Miller.


POSITION: Development Construction Manager

REPORTS TO: Vice President of Development

Plans, directs, and coordinates activities of designated projects to ensure that goals and objectives of
the development are accomplished within prescribed time frame and funding parameters by perform-
ing the following duties personally or through subordinate supervisors. Manage the construction of
assigned project site improvements including amenities on-site andoff-site infrastructure construction.
El Manage and assist the design team in reviewing construction plans, suggesting cost and time
saving methods, and improving construction coordination and equipment utilization.
El Manage and assist the design team in expediting subdivision approvals and other permits.
El Prepare field reports, status reports, incident reports, construction schedules and other information

El Assist in the bidding and negotiation of construction contracts with general contractors.
El Administer the construction contracts and changes thereto, protecting Project's interest at all times.
El Establish good working relationships with governmental inspectors, the design team and general

l Monitor civil construction costs during construction and suggest ways to avoid unnecessary costs.
El Provide construction quality control, through regular monitoring of construction.
El Participate in meetings with developer and design team as requested.
El Establish work plan for staff and contractors

El Direct and coordinate activities of project personnel contractors to ensure project progresses on
schedule and within prescribed budget.
El Review status reports prepared by project contractors and modifies schedules or plans as required.
El Prepare project reports for owners, management, and others.
El Coordinate project activities with activities of government regulatory or other governmental
Bahamians oni lease send a libations and resumes b

Baes Bay olf and OeanClu

3-..e- t Gu- * **g Bahamas

-Public Utilities Commission

The PUC has studied the responses to its public consultation on the proposed modifica-
tion of the licence issued to Caribbean Crossings Ltd. (CCL), published in March 2005,
very carefully and has decided, in accordance with paragraph 10.3 of the public consul-
tation document, that it will publish the responses received because it is in the public
interest. This decision will not only make the public consultation on the proposed modifi-
cation of the licence issued to CCL more transparent and widen the debate, but it will
also give stakeholders, consumers, and all interested parties the opportunity to comment
on the responses.

The timetable and consultation procedure is as follows:

(a) Copies of all responses shall be available from April 11, 2005 at the PUC's office at
Agape House, Fourth Terrace, Nassau. Phone: 322-4437, Fax: 323-7288,

(b) The responses may also be viewed on the PUC's website:
on April 8, 2005;

(c) Comments on responses, which are expected to be received on or before April 25,
2005 to be addressed to the Executive Director;

(d) The PUC will keep the public informed by public announcements; and

(e) Following the public consultation, the PUC will issue a Statement on the results of the
consultation, as stated in paragraph 10.5 of the principal public consultation document.
E. George Moss
Executive Director
Public Utilities Commission
P. 0. Box N4860, Fourth Terrace East, Cellis Avenue
Nassau, The Bahamas
Fax: (242)323-7288





The Late


The College of The Bahamas wishes to
publicly express its deep sadness at the passing
of Livingstone Evans, a dedicated and long-
standing faculty member, and extends sincere
condolences to his family and friends. May
God grant us all strength to endure during
this most difficult time.

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Foreign troops

make donation

for children

bers of the 20th Tradewinds
maritime phase exercise lent a
helping hand to the Bahamas
through two aid initiatives.
The annual US Southern
Command-sponsored exercise
is designed to improve the
inter-operability of Caribbean
nations in facing threats and
to promote regional stability
and co-operation.
This year, the exercise was
hosted by the Royal Bahamas
Defence Force, and members
teamed up to bring aid to the
Bahamas through project
Handclasp and project Comn-
Handclasp has been a US
Navy-sponsored humanitarian
and charitable programme
since 1999, and involves the
delivery of educational,
humanitarian, and other good-
will donations to assist the dis-
Members of the Children's
Emergency Hostel were the MILITARY
beneficiaries of nearly $2,500 men take up
worth of medical supplies, per- their brushes to
sonal hygiene items and toys redecoratethe
that were transported by ElizabethEstates
USCGC Gentian, and also hadChildn's Home
time to have fun with the
members of the United States
Coast Guard and the Royal
Bahamas Defence Force, who
were on hand for the presen-
Neatrly 50 of the more than
300 representatives from
Belize, Dominican Republic,
Haiti, Jamaica and the United
States also volunteered to help
with painting and removing
debris from the Elizabeth
Estates Children's Home.
Supplies for the restoration of
the building were sponsored
by the USCGC Gentian.
The training programme
began last Monday and. will N COMMANDER Ed Pino from USCGC Gentian presenting
finish-on April 22 gifts to the Children's Emergency Hostel


The Bahamas Telecommunications Company Ltd. (BTC) is seeking suitably
qualified companies to submit tenders to provide the company with GSM
Content Services.
Please note that companies must fully meet all pre-qualification specifications
prior to obtaining the actual tender document. The pre-qualification
specifications are listed below:
1) Company profile of tenderer (overview of company, company
background, number of years in operation, listing of present and
past clients including contact information).
2) Company must be 100% Bahamian owned.
3) Company ownership (listing of principal/beneficial owners,
directors and operators of company. If a joint venture, specify
participants and terms of joint venture).
4) Full liability insurance of $1, 000,000.00.
5) A copy of valid business license.
6) Copy of National Insurance certificate.
7) Total number of employees.
8) Three written references from persons/businesses for which
similar contracts were successfully completed within the last
three years and the Company must provide references from
current clients utilizing their content services.
9) Bank reference showing financial viability.
10) Copies of financial statements (audited/unaudited) for last three
years of operation.
11) Company must have provided Content services for a period of
3 to 5 years.
12) Company must be able to provide local and international (North
America, Caribbean and the U.K) content.
Pre-qualification items must be submitted in sealed envelopes marked "
SERVICES ", and delivered on or before 4:00 pm. on April 28, 2005 to
the attention of:
Mr. Michael J. Symonette
President & CEO
The Bahamas Telecommunications Co. Ltd.
#21 John F. Kennedy Drive
P.O. Box N-3048
Nassau, The Bahamas
BTC reserves the right to reject any or all tenders.




TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 2005, PAE d

Why migration

is a fact of life

M always been an
essential part of the human con-
dition. It has been characterised
by a mixture of motives some
related to social and economic
rights and dynamics, and oth-
ers associated with forced flight
from armed conflict and human
rights abuses.
Among the global population
of 6.3 billion people, there are
an estimated 175 million
migrants including over 14 mil-
lion refugees and just over one
million asylum-seekers. There
are also some 25 million inter-
nally displaced people around
the world.
In some respects, movement
has become more available for
many. For those that the global
economy favours, extensive pos-
sibilities have opened up.
Legal migration options for
others have, however, become
ever more restrictive, and the
alternatives such as people
smuggling and trafficking -
remain extremely treacherous.
Although only about three
per cent of the world's popula-
tion lives outside their country
of origin, the global migration
dynamic has rapidly become
one of the most highly visible
features of today's world.
The debate relating to the
rights of refugees, migrants and
displaced people has become
increasingly controversial and
polarised over recent years and
has captured a disproportion-
ate and unjustified amount of
negative media coverage.

The political will to pro-
tect refugees has seen a
sharp decline over the last
decade and 2003 was no excep-
Popular concerns over per-
ceived threats to identity or
ways of life in the face of rising
immigration have been readily
stoked by many politicians.
Xenophobic and racist senti-
ments have featured in both
developed and developing
countries' responses to migra-
tion and refugee movements.
Whatever politicians decide,
the reality is that migrants will
continue to cross borders with
or without authorisation. Some
will seek to access asylum pro-
cedures. Restrictive migration
control measures and security
measures targeting foreign
nationals risk forcing ever more
people "underground" and
depriving them of legal protec-
Those "uprooted" from their
homes are likely to experience
increased vulnerability to a wide
variety of human rights abuses.
Those who are forced, in the
absence of legal channels, to
turn to smugglers and traffick-
ers will be among those who are
particularly vulnerable.
In meeting the challenges that
lie ahead, and in an effort to lay
the groundwork for effective
advocacy for change over the
coming decade, AI's work in
2003 sought to identify and
highlight some key areas of law
and policy that continue to
impact negatively on the rights
of people on the move, whether
refugees, asylum-seekers or
For example, following recent
changes in government in
Afghanistan and Iraq, some
states sought to pave the way
for premature returns of
Afghan and Iraqi refugees and
asylum-seekers, despite the fact
that security and human rights
conditions were far from con-
ducive to return.
AI expressed concern about
the timing of returns and
whether they were, or would
be, voluntary and sustainable.
AI emphasised in particular
that where conditions in a coun-
try change as a result of the vio-
lent overthrow of a regime,
safety, security and human
rights conditions should be even
more cautiously assessed pre-
cisely because it is so difficult
to make accurate assessments
of the durability of change.

n Cote d'Ivoire, xenopho-
bic sentiments were a key
cause of the year-long conflict
targeting not only Liberian and
other refugees, but also migrant
workers from neighbouring
countries such as Burkina Faso.
Many Burkinabe had been
resident in C6te d'Ivoire for
generations. Since the crisis

began in September 2002, many
have been forced to leave their
homes and some fled C6te

d'Ivoire for their country of ori-
gin where they had no mean-
ingful social or economic links.
Sent to a country which many
had never even visited, they
found themselves in the extra-
ordinary position of being in a
refugee-like situation, yet in
their country of origin.
AI documented the risks to
foreign nationals in the context
of a conflict fuelled by xeno-
phobia, and raised concerns
about legal, policy and practical
protection gaps for refugees and
migrant workers forcibly dis-
placed by the conflict.

In early 2003 the UK, the
European Union (EU)
and the UN High Commission-
er for Refugees (UNHCR) put
forward different but related
proposals to establish extra-ter-
ritorial mechanisms for pro-
cessing the claims of asylum-
seekers arriving in countries
inside the EU.
These would be closed cen-
tres to which certain asylum-
seekers would be transferred
and their claims considered.
The UK proposal the most
controversial of the three was
to locate the centres outside the
EU and was clearly designed to
circumvent international legal

decide, the
reality is that
migrants will
continue to
cross borders."

obligations to protect refugees.
Deeply concerned that a
slightly modified form of Aus-
tralia's controversial "Pacific
Solution" would be repeated on
the margins of the EU, and that
compromise proposals would
not sufficiently mitigate the
manifest threat to the institu-
tion of asylum, in June AI pub-
lished a report highlighting its
fears ahead of the EU Heads
of State Summit in Thessaloni-
ki, Greece, and a key UNHCR-
hosted meeting (the High Com-
missioner's Forum).
There were clear indications
that AI's intervention influ-
enced decisions by a number of
states about whether and how
to proceed with such "new

As industrialised coun-
tries continue to look
for new and creative ways to
avoid their obligations to
refugees, they are giving
increasing prominence to the
notion that protection can be
denied in those countries
because, it is claimed, they
could have found "effective pro-
tection" elsewhere.
On this basis, some states are
seeking to shape the concept of
"effective protection" to enable
them to return asylum-seekers
to countries where they first fled
or to countries through which
they travelled.
AI believes that there is a
continuing need for clarity on
both the doctrine and the reali-
ty of "effective protection" of
refugees and to ensure that the
doctrine is not shaped "down"
to fit the reality. AI will contin-
ue to advocate an approach
which is consistent with human
rights principles.
It is increasingly evident that
there is a pressing need to
expand the focus of AI's work
to encompass the promotion
and protection of the rights of
migrants in order to challenge
the way in which many states
label people in an effort to
define away recognition both

political and legal of their
basic human rights.
R efugees, asylum-seek-
ers and migrants con-
tinue to face human rights abus-
es at the point of departure,
transit, arrival, stay or return.
The most common abuses are
discrimination, in particular on
the basis of racism and xeno-
phobia, arbitrary detention, and
various forms of exploitation.
Since the end of the Cold
War, the role of economic,
social and cultural factors as
contributory causes of conflict
and flight has become more and
more evident. These rights are
also increasingly becoming
issues in countries of asylum
and transit.
For example, countries such
as Australia, Denmark and the
UK have undermined the right
to an adequate standard of liv-
ing for asylum-seekers and
migrants by adopting deliber-
ately harsh policies in the name
of deterrence.
The rapid decline in the polit-
ical will to protect refugees,
exacerbated in a number of key
states by a decline in the will to
protect human rights in general
and those of foreign nationals in
particular, represents an enor-
mous challenge for the human
rights movement.
The task facing AI and others
is to persuade politicians, policy
makers and the general public
of the urgent need to defend
the institution of asylum; to
combat discrimination against
refugees and migrants and to
promote their rights, including
economic, social and cultural
rights; and to ensure that the
international community iden-
tifies and implements effective
mechanisms for securing pro-
tection of the rights of refugees
and migrants, and for provid-
ing remedies where such rights
are abused.

T6 find out more about
amnesty Iiternational -visit or contact the
local office at 327-0807.

2005 Lecture Series
Schedule FREE Health Lecture April

May 26,2005
Senior Health

June 16, 2005
Men's Health

July 21, 2005
Hip & Knee Replacement

August 18, 2005
Mental Health
Alzheimer's Disease

September 15, 2005
Children's Health

October 20, 2005
Cancer Awareness Month

November 17,2005
Diabetes Awareness Month

December 15, 2005
Managing Stress &

Speaker: Dr. Judson Eneas, Nephrologist

Topic: Hypertension: The Silent Killer Exposed!



Thursday, April 21st, 2005

6:00pm 7:30pm

Venue: Doctors Hospital Conference Room

Q & A: Question and Answer Session to follow lecture.

RSVP: To ensure available seating.


Free Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, and Glucose
screenings to the first 10 persons to sign up.

Please join us as our guest every month for this scintillating
series of the most relevant health issues affecting society

Refreshments will be provided.

AstraZeneca i

For more information

Call 302-4707

Health For Life

I I --- r.

PAGE 10, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 2005


APRIL 19, 2005

7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30

Rough Science Nova Stem-cell research; biologist Frontline "Death of a Prn ss" Public execution of an Arabian princess
1 WPBT (CC) Greg Erickson's research of the and her lover. (N) [ (CC'
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WFOR n (CC) kills the intruder who tried to rape have a hard time maneuvering (N) (CC)
her. n (CC) camels. (N) 1) (CC) .4
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SWTVJ wood (N) (CC) geous TV Mo- geous TV Mo- faith is restored, office staff plays "Haunted" Fin tries to locate a miss-
ments (N) (CC) ments (N) (CC) (N) F (CC) basketball. (N) ing person. FA (CC)
Deco Drive American Idol Seven finalists com- House House's diagnosis leaves a News (CC)
* WSVN pete before judges. (Live) A (CC) pregnant woman with a terrible
choice. (N) ,, (PA) (CC)
Jeopardy! (N) My Wife and George Lopez According to Rodney Rodney Blind Justice "Leap of Faith" Dun-
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Itition" (N) A nwTewV. (N) t) falls to his death. (N)/3

American Jus- Cold Case Files The Monster; A Dog the Bounty Dog the Bounty Knievel's Wild Ride Tucson, Ariz.,
A&E tice: Susan Cousin's Promise" DNA evidence Hunter Father-in- Hunter (CC) is home to a known Knievel sabo-
Smith helps police nab a rapist/killer. law visits. teur. (N) (CC)
Hardtalk BBC World World Business BBC World To Be An- BBC World Asia Today
BBCW News Report News nounced News
BET BET Style The Parkers A Girlfriends A Soul Food (A'k, Club Comic View
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C BC Street (CC) (DVS)
Late Night With The Apprentice F (CC) Dennis Miller The Big Idea With Donny Deutsch
CNBC Conan O'Brien.
(:00) Anderson Paula Zahn Now (CC) Larry King Live (CC) NewsNight With Aaron Brown
CNN Cooper 360 (CC)
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DISN A child irritates Graham Greene. Navajo and Caucasian youths must bridge the cultural Terrence propos- "Stevens' Manor
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ESPNI (:00) Italian Serie A Soccer Teams to Be Announced. Who's No. 1? Sports' Hottest Poker 2004 U.S. Championship.
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Daily Mass: Our Mother Angelica Live Classic Live From the Vatican, With Ray- Threshold of Hope
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FSNFL ington, D.C. (Subject to Blackout) (Live) (Live) (CC)
GOLF Playing Lessons Big Break IIl: Ladies Only Big Break Ill: Ladies Only (N) Inside the PGA Leaderboard Re-
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(:00) Weakest Who Wants to Be a Millionaire F Poker Royale: The WPPA Champi- World Series of Blackjack 2005
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(:00) Walker, Touched by an Angel A family Judging AiO Judge Keeler ob- Touched by an Angel Monica jour-
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(:00) The Block Design Rivals -. Deign ncA Love ItorLose My Parents' Debbie Travis' Facelift "The In-
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I (CC) "Double-Time" (CC) for Rachel. with Will. (CC) "Be Nice" (CC) F (CC)
CAUGHT IN THE ACT (2004, Drama) Lauren Holly, DEADLY BETRAYAL (2002, Suspense) Nicolette Sheridan, Andrew Jack-
LIFE Max Martini, Brian McNamara. A housewife becomes a son. A woman has a dangerous affair with her daughter's teacher. (CC)
private investigator. (CC)
MSNBC Hardball Countdown With Keith Olber- The Abrams Report Scarborough Country
MSNBC CC __ mann
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TNT der Thrill" A investigate a cab driver's death. n embryologist leads to the search for his underlings to lure the sisters out
(CC) (DVS) (CC) (DVS) a desperate killer. n of their house. (CC)
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(:00) Inocente de Apuesta por un Amor La Madrastra Casos de la Vida Real: Edlci6n
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USA Cooper. An amnesiac agent is marked for death after a botched hit. (CC)
VH The Surreal Life The Surreal Life The Surreal Life The Surreal Life The Surreal Life The Surreal Life The Surreal Life
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Home Improve- ** THE REAL HOWARD SPITZ (1998, Comedy) Kelsey Grammer, WGN News at Nine F (CC)
WGN ment F (CC) Amanda Donohoe, Genevieve Tessler. A writer helps his creative partner
look for her lost dad. F (CC)
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1__1_ _ __ ~_ __ ~_


TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 2005, PAGE 11

~~~~CIALB iiiNEWilSii



step into



LEARNING that there is
more to being a leader than
just managing, 53 employees
qf Kerzner International were
challenged to "take the bull by
the horns" and make things
happen in their personal and
professional lives.
The employees were attend-
ing a 12-week Atlantis Univer-
sity (AU) leadership course,
specifically geared for front
line staff from a cross section
of departments.
Topics covered included
how to optimise results, pro-
duce champions, team work
and co-operation, effective
communication, and leader-
ship characteristics and behav-
Most importantly, the
course challenged employees
to step into leadership roles.
Adrilla Horton-Wallace,
director of AU, said the focus
for Kerzner International is on
developing its people. "This
course is extremely important
in building leadership compe-
tencies at all levels in the
organisation. We are trying to
build bench strength.
"By focusing on front line
employees we can position
them to take or
expanded roles in the organi-
sation," she said.
A graduation ceremony was
held on Tuesday, April 12 in
which the participants were
presented with certificates of
attendance and completion.
Vice president of organisa-
tional development and train-
ing Beverly Saunders said that
Kerzner realises that its front
line employees have tremen-
dous potential and wishes to
prepare them for leadership
roles in the organisation as it

"Many of them make up
their minds as to whether or
not they want to go into man-
agement or whether or not
they are satisfied where they
are. But if they accept the
management role, they come
with an understanding that
when they step into that role
there is a lot of responsibility
that goes along with it," she
Saunders said the sessions
challenged employees "to
work to their best, no matter
what the situation is because
someone will notice."
She said persons must have
a personal desire to "want to
do better" while realising that
everything that they do
"leaves their signature on it."
Kirk Wilson, a 17-year
employee, said that AU "has
opened my eyes to a whole
new world of how being a
leader is different from man-
aging an employee in a specif-
ic area of business."
Jennifer Wilson, space
cleaner in the convention cen-
tre, said the classes "blessed
my life in various ways such as
teaching me how to be
accountable, respectful, and
more efficient in my daily
tasks. The things I've learned
in AU has not only been bene-
ficial to me in the work place
but also in my personal life."



The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighbourhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.


in numbers

Family Guardian congratulates Julie Adderley-Mclntosh,
Agency Manager, Financial Services Division, on her achievement of
Court of Table status at the Million Dollar Round Table (MDRT).

The premier association of financial professionals, MDRT membership
is an exclusive honour achieved only by a small percentage of all life
insurance and financial services advisors worldwide. Court of Table
members comprise an even smaller and more elite group within the
MDRT organization, demonstrating exceptional sales and customer
service practices.

Mrs. McIntosh's 23-year career has earned her numerous awards,
including being named "Agent of the Year" at Family Guardian for
14 years. A Life Member of MDRT, she has served as Area Chair
and as a member of the Public Relations Task Force. Her achievement
of Court of Table status is a feat that few Bahamians have achieved.





PAGE 12, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 2005

Leslie Miller sympathises

with drivers over g

FROM page one

This is going to affect the house-
wives, the fishermen, the taxi
drivers, etc.
"These oil companies need to
work with the Bahamian people
and not hike up the price as soon
as it goes up in the States. Right
now we need to use less gas and
go only where you have to 'cause
it seems like everybody is raking
in the money at the expense of

the Bahamian people," Mr Miller
The minister has been pushing.
the idea of PetroCaribe, which
he says will drastically reduce the
cost of car petrol by allowing"
Caricom countries to buy theihur
oil directly from a supplier thut
cutting out the middleman. The
PetroCaribe project represents.a
partnership with Caribbean and
Lati ean countries, includ-
ing the Bahamas, Jamaica, and
Trinidad and Tobago, with the

objective of importing petrole-
um products directly from
"The next shipment of gaso-
line, which should arrive in 20
days should make a drop in price.
But I feel for the public out there.
How is it that before we even
pull up to the pumps there is a
0.77 mark up on the price of a
gallon of gas?" he asked. "It is
necessary even more for-us to
bring about this Bahamas
National Energy Corporation to

Smith in call for


M page three corporation building, the Radisson build-
ing, the Bahamas Development Bank build-
ment from the Bahamian people. ing and said that they are being sold for
lent sighted parts of the agreement $45 million.
ire I requested it in parliament I "No they are not being sold for $45 mil-
e prime minister on the 8th of April lion, they are being given away at a sale
)r a copy which he acknowledged in lower than a fire sale. We are talking about
-nt last week Wednesday. some of the most prime property on New
would think that once the prime Providence," said Mr Smith.
takes the obligation to sign any The opposition leader claimed that gov-
nt on behalf of the Bahamian peo- ernment is giving away 103 acres of land
rould have made sure everything worth more than the $45 million govern-
der but it sounds like some tidying ment is getting out of this deal.
D be done and the deal is not corn- "Bahamians need to start watching these
aid Mr Smith. developments more closely because we are
parison, said the opposition leader, losing quite a bit under our eyes. The coun-
e made between how the FNM gov- try is losing all of the gains we have accom-
handled heads of agreements corn- plished under the FNM," he said.
how the PLP handles them. At the next meeting in the House of
moment a heads of agreement was Assembly, the opposition expects to ask
)pies of that agreement were made government again for the heads of agree-
available. Government ought not ment.
signed unless everything was in "This has become a practice. We had
rhat is the rush? The project isn't asked for the heads of agreement for Gua-
art until another two years time," na Cay and we did not get it until about
h said. three weeks later, the same with the Kerzn-
d that the opposition is very con- er International deal. The government is
bout rumors that millions of dollars disorganised and unfocused and this obvi-
rty is being given away. ously contributes to this state of affairs,"
)rime minister mentioned the hotel said Mr Smith.

of agree:
and befc
wrote the
asking fo
ple he wo
was in or
up has to
plete," sa
A comr
should be
pared to
"The n
signed co
to have
order. W1
due to st
Mr Smitl
He sai
cerned al
of prope
"The p

bring down the price of the cost
of fuel by eliminating such mar-
However, representatives for
the Bahamas Petroleum Retailers
Association have said that the
mark ups for petroleum products
are seasonal, and that retailers
will not be profiting more from

;as prices

the raises, as the margins will much we can do at this time. We
remain the same. This mark up is are still pursuing PetroCaribe bu
commonly seen during the all of us in the Caribbean ar
months leading up to summer as having some difficulty in getting
travelling and the demand for the Venezuelans to pin-poin
fuel increases, what is going to be in this deal
Mr Miller said: "This in my We are really just waiting oi
opinion is an unfair burden but some word from them, but it':
unfortunately there is nothing difficult because everybody is

looking for the dollar".



FROM page one

shoulder. Police say that bul-
let pellets may have been
used ini the shooting.
One neighbour told The
Tribune that she was inside
her home when the incident
While she said she did not
see anything, she heard what
she thought was firecrack-
ers until someone ran past
her yard yelling "Yellow get
The woman who did not
want to be identified said
that she got a pillow and a
towel for the victim who was
kneeling on the ground with
blood on the back of his
shirt. She said she did not
see the second victim.
A male witness told The
Tribune that he heard five
or six shots and then saw a
man come through his
neighbour's gate and fall to
the ground. He said he then
called 911.
Inspector Evans said that
police are following some
leads into the matter.
Up to press time,
the men's conditions were
listed as serious, but their
injuries were not life threat-


Reserves are a good omen for Bahamas

FROM page four

1992 but more significantly rising from US$373
million in May 2002 to over US$717 million just
two and a half plus years later.
Conservative estimates certainly indicate that
probably before 2005 is out, the Reserves will
exceed US$1 billion. This could only have hap-
pened with the foreign investment that has
occurred since 1992 this is the result of having
Kerzner, Hutchison Whampoa and others in our
economy. Could exchange control be abolished if
that is achieved?
Clearly by 2007 our most serious difficulty will
be that we do not have a trained and qualified

labour force and this government is going to have
to realize either now or sorrowfully in 2007 (elec-
tion year) that they have no alternative but to
relax their immigration policy to satisfy the job
The observer hopes that government will not be
tempted to now sit back and say the job of getting
developments here is done, because it is far from
that by 2007 there is a need for more than
30,000 new job opportunities, so Prime Minister;
your job is not as yet done, or all will be wasted.

April 2, 2005.

at live radio remotes hosted by the BACARDI Girls & get great
prizes, giveaways plus BACARDI drink samples!

Distributed by Lowe's Wholesale Tel: 393-7111 Fax: 393-0440

Harl Taylor in court
FROM page one

attached to the Central Detective Unit, told the court that he had
spoken with the accused, under caution, on March 30,2004.
"I did not touch that woman, she came to my office pointing
her finger in my face," Mr Wright said Mr Taylor told him.
Magistrate Carol Misciewicz asked Mr Wright if he had
observed any bruise on Ms Dwyer.
"She showed me some marking around the chest area," he
said. Later in his testimony he said that he observed a "spot
darker than her complexion."
The case was adjourned to May 10 at 11am.





Miami Herald Business, Stocks, Analysis, Wall Street

BISX report is sBa

before Cabinet

IMF team

to arrive

for Article

IV report

in May

Senior Business Reporter
THE implementation report
on the Bahamas International
Securities Exchange (BISX),
written by the Government-
appointed committee chaired
by Julian Francis, has been for-
mally placed before Cabinet
and is expected to be reviewed
in detail over the next few
weeks, with implementation of
some of the more straightfor-
ward recommendations likely
to be initiated very quickly.
Minister of State for Finance,
James Smith, said yesterday:
"We will look at it actively and
studiously, and hopefully if,
Government is of. the view'to
adopt all or some of the recom-
mendations, it will be done as
soon as possible."

In an interview with The Tri-
bune, Mr Smith, who described
it as well-written and
researched, said the report con-
tained 15 recommendations to
the Government with a view to
rescuing and expanding BISX.
The recommendations, which
were submitted to the minister

two weeks ago, are also expect-
ed to stimulate further devel-
opment of the capital markets.
Mr Smith said: "There are a
number of useful recommenda-,
tions, but we needto look at it
in terms of short and long-term
impact. Some can be dealt with
in a straightforward way, while
others have to be balanced
against the wider national inter-
"Some of the recommenda-
tions are quite normal and
would have happened in a nor-
mal growing economy, while
others need a little more
thought. In very short order,
some of the easier ones that
don't require any major policy
change are likely to be imple-
mented. For others, however,
the process will take weeks,
months, or a year or two."
SEE page two

Tribune Business Editor
THE "conditional" nature
of Bahamian banking confi-
dentiality laws and the. exis-
tence of avenues that would
allow institutions to seek per-
mission for information dis-
closure should override the
appeal by Lines Overseas
Management (LOM) and its
Bahamian subsidiary against
US court-ordered compliance
with four subpoenas, it has
been alleged.

In response to objections
raised by LOM and Scott
Lines, the company's manag-
ing director, to a previous
court ruling ordering compli-
ance with the four subpoenas,
the Securities and Exchange
Commission (SEC) said claims
of conflict between the US
court's ruling "and foreign
confidentiality laws is not
The SEC, in a court filing
more than 70 pages long, said:
"There are a number of excep-
tions to the confidentiality laws
of Bermuda, the Bahamas and
the Cayman Islands that may

allow LOM and Lines to pro-
vide the requested informa-
tion if, and when, they so
choose to pursue them.
"An order of this Court
would thus compel Lines and
LOM to do what they have
previously refused to do on
their own initiative make a
good faith effort to provide the
subpoenaed information."
The SEC wants LOM and
Mr Lines to be forced to pro-
vide documents and testimo-
ny relating to an investigation
into "possible fraud, market
manipulation and reporting
violations" that allegedly used
Bahamas-based brokerage
accounts. Both have denied
any wrongdoing.
To support their respective
cases, both LOM and the SEC
obtained sworn affidavits from
Bahamian attorneys setting
out the legal position with
respect to this nation.
LOM's evidence was pro-
vided by Michael Paton, a
partner at Lennox Paton and
head of its financial services
group. The SEC relied upon a
declaration from Emanuel
Alexiou, a partner in Alexiou
& Knowles and head of the
Colina Financial Group.
In its documents filed with

the US Court for the District
of Columbia, the SEC said the
earlier ruling from Judge Alan
Kay which LOM is appealing
- "simply found what was obvi-
ous: foreign confidentiality law
does not preclude LOM's
compliance with the SEC's

The SEC added: "Unlike
the cases relied upon by LOM,
the foreign confidentiality laws
at issue here do not create an
automatic conflict of law.
Rather, as evidenced by both
parties' foreign law experts,
the foreign confidentiality laws
in question are qualified."
The US capital markets reg-
ulator said both Mr Paton and
Mr Alexiou's declarations cov-
ered this point, adding: "If the
foreign confidentiality law is
qualified and not absolute,
then no conflict of laws is pre-
"No conflict of law exists in
this matter because, as every
expert in this proceeding has
declared, Bermudian, Bahami-
an and Cayman confidentiality
laws are qualified and not
SEE page two

Bahamian style beachfront home plus canal frontage, located in this exclusive gated community.
Grand living spaces with wrap around verandahs, Master bedroom suite, 5 bedrooms with en-
suite baths, living room, dining room, kitchen/breakfast room and TV room. Fully air-
conditioned, tiled floors, wood ceilings, cedar-lined closets, hurricane resistant, double glazed
windows and French doors. Deep dockage with 400 sq. ft. boathouse/storage, tennis court,
large 2-car garage with adjoining gymnasium room, Infinity Edge pool and waterfall, a
laundry/maid's room, electric roll-down shutters and a generator w/automatic switch gear.
Separate Guest House with 2 bedrooms, ensuite baths and kitchen/living/dining room. Specifics:
Verandahs cover 7,000 sq. ft.; 150' beach frontage; 40' deep water dock; 150' canal frontage
and 19,000 sq. ft. of construction located on two lots totaling 75,000 sq. ft. (Internet Ref. #1557)
Price $8,500,000.
George Damlanos
Tel: 362-4211 Exclusive Affllkte of |K ia_ ,
S Kninht N -. :



Tel: (242) 356-7764

Tel: (242) 351-3010

* MINISTER of State for Finance James Smith.

Private sector renews call for

trade union inclusion in NGO Bill
M By NEIL HARTNELL Bahamas Environment, Science and Technol-
Tribune Business Editor ogy (BEST) Commission, which is responsible
for the Bill, has "proactively consulted" the pri-
THE Bahamian private sector is continuing to vate sector on the legislation and adopted a
urge the Government to bring unions under its number of its earlier recommendations.
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) Bill, However, led by the Bahamas Chamber of
which aims to raise transparency and account- Commerce, the various private sector organi-
ability standards among Bahamas-based NGOs sations are understood to have submitted fur-
and non-profit organisations. ther suggestions for improving the Bill, one of
Business community sources yesterday told SEE page 4B
The Tribune they are delighted that the

Forum is urged to focus

on product development
Tribune Business Editor
THE Financial Services Consultative Forum was yesterday
advised to concentrate on developing new products that would
position the Bahamas at the industry's "cutting edge" by a
leading critic of its Immigration Report.
Paul Moss, managing director of Dominion Management
Services, told The Tribune that the Forum had failed to properly
consult Bahamian workers in the sector for both its earlier
report and the supplementary document it was now working on.
He added that while Foundations and Private Trust Compa-
nies, which the Forum had worked on, were useful additions to
the Bahamas' product menu, they had been in existence for
many years in rival onshore and offshore jurisdictions.

The Bahamas, Mr Moss, said had done little to develop its
own products that would give it a unique and competitive
advantage over other jurisdictions.
He added that he had previously suggested to the Forum
that it look at developing Protected Trust Cell legislation,
which would enable trust assets to be segregated or compart-
mentalised, preventing liabilities affecting one asset from trans-
muting across to others and impacting the entire trust estate.
Mr Moss said other suggestions he had made to the Gov-
SEE page three



.....~ .....,~..........,...,,,,_._,...,,,,



BISX report
Businessman FROM page one

makes theth~ Mr Smith said that in general, if the
Bahamas continues to develop into a mod-
d w ern economy, it needs to have in place a
gr dewihformal stock exchange that will provide a
platform for Bahamians to convert their
Savings into investments directly.
Series 7.They would have the option, he said, of
either opening a savings deposit, buying
A BAHAMIAN busi- government bonds or participating in the
nessman has passed the stock exchange and purchasing equity
Series 7 general securities from companies that offer shares. The
examination after training ..development of the exchange is part of
with the Nassau-based, the natural evolution of the Bahamas, the
Nastac Group. minister said.
Ricardo Thurston, pro- Meanwhile, Mr Smith said a team from
prietor of 7-23 Meeting the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is
Street, sat the examination, expected in Nassaul by early May for the
which is an international Article IV Consultation, when they will
qualification organised by review the country's economic perfor-
the New York Stock mance and make recommendations on
Exchange (NYSE) and the way forward.
National Association of The team is expected to be here for
Securities Dealers three weeks, after which they will return to
(NASD), in Miami this Washington, where they will analyse the
MAr h data before publishing the Bahamas
March. report. Mr Smith said he would not expect
Mr Thurston (left) is pic- to hear from them earlier than July.
tured with Reece Chip- Mr Smith said further that because very
man, president of the Nas- little has changed in the economy since
tae Group Securities Train- the last report, he expects that they will
ing Association. make comments on the country's tax

LOM's Bahamian law objections

FROM page one

To further support its case,
the SEC said Mr Alexiou's dec-
laration showed that while the
Bahamas' banking confiden-
tiality laws were "conditional;",
they "provide avenues" for
LOM and its Bahamian sub-
sidiaries to "seek permission to
disclose information under
these exceptions".
Under the Bahamian legal
system, the exceptions in ques-
tion are the disclosure of confi-
dential information if it is in the
public interest to prevent fraud
and wrongdoing, and if disclo-
sure would be in the respon-
dents' best interests.
The SEC said LOM's asser-
@i~, oof thee.ropgnised,
.. .. :7cQn e.,a;i:y.. e cep-, .
|^ ~ was 'amis-

The SEC court filing said:
"The relevant question is
whether foreign confidentiality

law would permit courts in
Bermuda, the Bahamas and
Cayman to order respondents
to disclose under one or more
exceptions, and the answer pro-
vided by both the SEC's and
LOM's expert witnesses has
uniformly been in the affirma-
The regulator again drew on
Mr Alexiou's sworn declaration,
which stated: "Bahamian pro-
cedure sets for an avenue by
which the respondents may seek
permission to disclose. They
have elected not to do so here."
The SEC said: "LOM cannot
be permitted to raise a mis-
leading and premature conflict-
of-law defence when it has pur-
posefully failed to initiate for-
eign legal processes to deter-
mine whether compliance with
" i. It lsxibmati6 cthta con-
flict-of-law issue,'wuld arise
only if 'a court of competent
jurisdiction' orders LOM not to
disclose the subpoenaed infor-
"Assuming that respondents
would choose to comply with
this court's order and com-
mence foreign legal proceed-
ings, there is a reasonable prob-
ability that courts in Bermuda,
the Bahamas and the Cayman
Islands each would direct
respondents to comply with this
court's order."
The SEC reiterated its argu-
ment that Judge Kay's ruling
showed LOM had failed to
prove its argument that com-
plying with the subpoenas
would subject it to civil and/or
criminal liability under Bahami-
an law.
And the regulator said its
case for subpoena enforcement
was further backed by comity
and balancing "the conflicting
national interests" of US and
Bahamian law.
"It is well settled that the
US's interest in law enforce-
ment outweighs the more flexi-
ble, qualified interests of the

Bahamas...... and other foreign
sovereigns in upholding their
confidentiality laws," the SEC
To support its case, the SEC
drew on the 1981 ruling involv-
ing the US against the Batik of
Nova Scotia, when the US 11th
Circuit ruled that the US's
interest in enforcing tax collec-
tion outweighed Bahamian
bank secrecy..
And the regulator said that
unlike its dealings with the
British Columbia Securities
Commission (BCSC), when
LOM provided all the request-
ed documents to the Securities
Commission of the Bahamas, it
had not done the same with any
of the paperwork sought by the
"LOM and its foreign experts
,further assert that 'established
iAter-govelrnmentaly mecha-
!risiis" exist forth SEC to
obtain the subpoenaed infor-
mation, and that an order of
enforcement is improper
because the Commission has
failed to exhaust such alterna-
tive means," the SEC said.
"LOM's assertion is at best
disingenuous, because the SEC
has made genuine attempts to
obtain the information through
its relationships with its foreign
counterparts, and LOM has
been uncooperative throughout
the process............. To date, the
SEC's efforts to obtain the sub-
poenaed information through
inter-governmental means have
not been successful."
The SEC again wheeled out
the US versus Bank of Nova
Scotia case to back up its claim
that it should not seek foreign
assistance before a subpoena
enforcement attempt.
That case had ruled that
applying for judicial assistance
from the Bahamas Supreme
Court was "not a substantial
equivalent" for subpoena
enforcement because of the
costs involved and uncertainty
of success.
LOM, according to the SEC,
was also arguing that regulators
had not proven that the com-
pany's Bermuda parent had
'possession, custody or control'
of "certain documents physi-
cally located in the Bahamas".
This, though, was based on

the "discredited theory" that
confidentiality laws would pre-
vent LOM's Bahamian sub-
sidiary from disclosing infor-
mation to its head office.
The SEC added: "Indeed,
LOM and Lines Overseas Man-
agement perform all back office
functions for LOM's Bahami-
an and Cayman affiliates,
including selling securities,
wiring funds, transferring shares
and holding share certificates
in its vault...........
"Moreover; as the brokers on
the Bahamian and Cayman
accounts in question, Scott and
Brian Lines certainly would
have had access to all informa-
tion concerning those accounts.
"It is also illogical to suggest
that Scott and Brian Lines, the'
most senior officers of LOM,
would not have custody or con-
trol of account documents locat-1
ed at LOM's Bahamian and'
Cayman branches that ulti-
mately report to them."
The SEC subpoenas were
issued in relation to trading in
the stocks of three US public
companies: Hienergy Tech-
nologies, Sedona Software Solu-
tions and SHEP Technologies.
The SEC had alleged that
there had been extensive trad-
ing in all three stocks by "cer-
tain individuals" through LOQM
brokerage accounts' in the
Bahamas, Cayman Islands andd
LOM's Bahamas-based biron
kerage accounts are just
involved in the SHEP Tech'
nologies probe, in which the
SEC is alleging that LOM and
Lines used nominees to "obtain
secret control" of 80 per ceni
of SHEP's stock on behalf of
two clients who held accounts at
LOM Cayman and LOMl
SHEP was then allegedly just
a shell company.
Lines and the LOM cus-
tomers then reaped profits of
$3 million when they sold their
SHEP shares.
LOM responded through a
July 14 press release, denying
that its principals profited from
selling the SHEP shares and
claiming the SEC's allegations
were "materially inaccurate".
The company "vehemently
denies" the SEC's allegations.

Financial Advisors Ltd.
Pricing Information As Of:
18 April 2005 _!.___

52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol Previous Close Today's Close Change Dally Vol. EPS $ Div $ P/E Yield
1.20 0.95 Abaco Markets 0.95 0.95 0.00 -0.219 0.000 N/M 0.00%
8.40 8.00 Bahamas Property Fund 8.00 8.00 0.00 1.328 0.320 6.0 4.00%
6.26 5.55 Bank of Bahamas 6.00 6.26 0.26 2,300 0.152 0.330 11.5 5.27%
0.85 0.82 Banchmark 0.85 0.85 0.00 -0.057 0.000 N/M 0.00%
1.80 1.40 Bahamas Waste 1.45 1.45 0.00 0.101 0.000 14.4 0.00%
1.04 0.87 Fidelity Bank 1.04 1.04 0.00 500 0.007 0.040 14.1 3.85%
8.31 6.76 Cable Bahamas 8.23 8.31 0.08 1,000 0.556 0.240 14.9 2.89%
2.20 1.52 Colina Holdings 2.20 2.20 0.00 0.259 0.060 8.5 2.73%
8.35 6.75 Commonwealth Bank 8.35 8.35 0.00 1.000 0.632 0.390 12.9 4.67%
1.51- 0.36 Doctor's Hospital 1.50 1.51 0.01 10,000 0.258 0.000 5.9 0.00%
4.02 3.13 Famguard 4.02 4.02 0.00 0.406 0.230 9.9 5.72%
10.40 8.39 Finco 10.40 10.40 0.00 0.662 0.490 15.7 4.71%
7.75 6.54 FirstCaribbean 7.75 7.75 0.00 0.591 0.330 13.1 4.26%
8.60 8.31 Focol 8.35 8.35 0.00 0.710 0.500 11.7 5.99%
1.99 1.27 Freeport Concrete 1.27 1.27 0.00 0.082 0.000 15.5 0.00%
10.38 9.50 ICD Utilities 9.50 9.50 0.00 0.818 0.405 11.6 4.26%
8.25 8.10 J. S. Johnson 8.22 8.22 0.00 0.785 0.550 10.5 6.81%
6.69 4.36 Kerzner International BDRs 5.94 5.99 0.05 1,062 0.201 0.000 29.6 0.00%
10.00 10.00 Premier Real Estate 10.00 10.00 0.00 1.979 0.350 5.1 3.50%
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Symbol Bid $ Ask $ Last Price Weekly Vol. EPS $ Div $ PIE Yield
13.00 12.50 Bahamas Supermarkets 12.25 13.25 11.00 1.488 0.960 9.1 7.25%
10.14 10.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 10.00 10.35 10.00 0.000 0.800 NM 7.80%
0.60 0.40 RND Holdings 0.29 0.54 0.00 -0.103 0.000 NM 0.00%
WC "Alla, Ov1%-h.-Cn Securimos
43.00 28.00 ABDAB 41.00 43.00 41.00 2.220 0.000 19.4 0.00%
16.00 13.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 13.00 14.00 13.00 1.105 0.810 14.6 6.93%
0.60 0.35 RND Holdin0.29 0.35 -0103 0000 N/M 000%
52wk-HI 52wk-Low Fund Name NAV YTD% Last 12 Months Div $ Yield %
1.2164 1.1609 Colina Money Market Fund 1.2164027
2.2268 1.9423 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 2.2268 ***
10.3112 10.0000 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 10.3112*****
2.2214 2.0941 Collina MSI Preferred Fund 2.221401*
1.0931 1.0320 Collna Bond Fund 1.093141V*

BISX ALL SHARE INDEX 19 Dec 02 = 1,000.00 YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price
S2wk-HI Highest closing price in last 52 weeks Bid $ Buying price of Colina and Fidelit)
52wk-Low Lowest closing price in last 52 weeks Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidelity
Prevlcou Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for daily volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Chang* Change In closing price from day to da EPS $ A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
Dally Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV $ Dividends per share paid In the last 12 months NIM Not Meaningful
P/E Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings FINDEX The Fidelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1, 1994 = 100
** AS AT MAR. 31, 20051**** AS AT FEB. 28, 2005
* AS AT MAR. 24, 20051 ** AS AT MAR. 31, 2005/***** AS AT MAR. 31, 2005
-< TO T..RADECA" COLINA 242I02"17010" ..EL. ..24l56.:..." ..

Abaco Markets Limited
the leading food distribution company
is looking for a

Junior Accountant

to join our corporate team

Bachelors degree in accounting or finance;
- At least 2 years of relevant experience;
- Excellent PC skills;
- Must be willing to travel.

- General support for all areas within the Accounting
- Department;
- Preparation of month end journal entries, account
- reconciliations,
expense report processing, and data entry;
Assisting with budget preparation and special
- projects, as assigned. ?- .. ss.. ,,

To apply for this position, please e-mailyour ptaU!t
resume and cover letter to or
fax to 356-7855.

Middle Income Home, Suffolk Unit 2, BIock #51, Lot #1,
3 bed, 2.5 bath, central air, fully landscape, washer & dryer.



The "Majestad 1" has an open deck Defender Hull of fiberglass
construction with a 2nd deck affixed to accommodate passengers,
which also houses the pilot arrangements. Hull is in excellent
condition and all equipment onboard is in good working condition.
Principal Dimensions
Length Overall: 61.0 feet
Breadth: 18.0 feet
Engine: (2) Detroit Diesel 12V71 recently rebuilt
Vessel has five compartments w/ five bilge pumps equipped
with 1 inch discharge hoses and a capacity 2,000gph.

PHONE 363-7163






Bank inquiry is hit

by lack of resources

Tribune Business
THE outdated method used
to record interviews with bank-
ing institutions and public sector
forums has bogged down the
information gathering process
for the Parliamentary Commit-
tee on Banking, committee
chairman Malcolm Adderley
told The Tribune yesterday.
He said their goal of produc-
ing recommendations on
changes to the banking industry,
in regard to consumer services,
has been negatively impacted
by their inability to access infor-
mation in a timely manner.

"In the 21st century how can
you still rely on transcripts from
tap recordings? Our meetings
are taped, but what we need to
have is a stenographer who is
trained in taking notes and can
produce a record so the work
of the committee can [move for-
ward]. This is a hindrance," he
Mr Adderley said the com-
mittee's desire is to have its
report completed as urgently as

FROM page one
ernment and industry had
involved establishing yacht
and aircraft registries in the
Bahamas. He added that
many of the yachts that
berthed at Atlantis, and had
been present at the Interna-
tional Yacht and Jet Show at
the weekend, had been reg-
istered in the Cayman
Islands, showing the market
the Bahamas was missing
out on.
Mr Moss said the conclu-
sion arrived at by thli
Forufi's initial I itibrati"
report that allowing higlly-
skilled expatriate attorneys
and other financial services
executives with the contacts
to attract substantial blocks
of business to the Bahamas
would grow the industry -
was a myth because those
practitioners would never
have to come to the
Mr Moss said that while
multinational institutions
could make the argument
that ihey needed their own
expatriate personnel to head
Bahamas-based subsidiaries,
the Forum could not "make
the argument" that allowing
in foreign attorneys would
'grow the business.
"There is no way that any
significant player will come
to this country to do finan-
cial services," Mr Moss said.
"The market here does not
allow him to practice any of
the cutting -edge things he
Instead, Mr Moss
explained that these top play-
ers would rely on modern
telecommunications to con-
duct business from their
offices in onshore jurisdic-
tions, using law firms and
institutions in offshore cen-
tres to establish companies
and structures while running
the process from afar.
Mr Moss said he had estab-
lished a $1.3 billion fund
where investors "participate
from their desk", using the
Internet, telephone and tele-
conferences and videocon-
ferences to conduct business
and stay in touch.
"I use products from
around the world, but I can
tell you, the products I use
primarily are from jurisdic-
tions I've never been to," Mr
Moss said.
He added that he had not
been consulted for the
Forum's supplementary
Immigration report, and said
the process should not just
speak to "companies that
may have an interest to pro-
tect", but Bahamians who
worked for those institutions
to see what their job capabil-
ities were and whether their
growth and development
would be stunted by allow-
ing more expatriates into the
Mr Moss, though, said he

possible, but they still have not
received a number of transcripts
that they need.
He said public servants in
Parliament have been leant to
the committee to assist with
transcribing the records. He
noted, however, that they are
working for the committee in
addition to their normal work,
which has resulted in a backlog
and the committee waiting and
hoping to get the transcripts as
soon as possible.

The six-person Parliamentary
Committee on Banking is
expected to meet next week as a
group, and while there will be at
least one major public hearing
in Nassau, Mr Adderley said, a
decision will have to be made in
regard to streamlining their itin-
erary, particularly in regard to
town meetings planned for the
Family Islands.
This is because they need to
bring the entire matter to a
close and submit their report to
the Government as soon as pos-
sible. Another factor that has
slowed the committee is the fact
that three of its members live
on different islands both High
Rock MP Kenneth Russell and
Pleasant Bridgewater live in
Grand Bahama, with Robert
Sweeting in Abaco.
According to Mr Adderley,
the committee's task is to com-
pile complaints from members
of the public and to determine,
following discussions with both

the banking sector and lenders
outside the financial services
sector, what system or avenues
should be put in place that will
bring relief to the public.
Mr Adderley said: "We have
to look at practical and realistic
solutions to get institutions to
work with law makers so we
don't have to recommend mea-
sures that will cause serious
In the final analysis, the pro-
tection of the general public is
most important. We want to
make institutions transparent
and to help them recognise that
people need to know what they
are facing before getting into a
creditor/debtor situation. We
have to recommend practical
solutions, guidelines that an
institution has to go through
before beginning the [default

Mr Adderley said the com-
mittee, in compiling its report,
must strive to be as accurate as
it can be in presenting both the
view of the consumer and that
of the lender, whether
it is a bank or some other
entity that offers in-house
He said one factor that was
helpful to the committee was
its first hearing with Julian Fran-
cis, governor of the Central
Bank, who came in to help
them understand how the bank-
ing system works.



Life. Money. Balance both.

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Employment Opportunity


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Qualification: Masters Degree in Education preferred but persons with
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was not against expatriates,
as "they have contributed
massively to financial ser-
vices, and not just financial
services but the whole coun-










Heron Circle in the City of Freeport Grand
Bahama, one of the Islands of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas, Attorney
by deed of Power of Attorney for Tracey Lee
Moral nee Shields, Eric Timothy Shields and
Michael Thomas Shields, the Lawful Children
has made application to the Supreme Court
of The Bahamas, .for Letters of Administration
of the real and personal Estate of DR.
Kutztown Road East Greenville, Philadelphia,
18041, U.S.A.,


Notice is hereby given that such applications
will be heard by the said Court at the expiration
of 14 days from the date thereof.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar ...



late of 1381 Dalsbury Lane in the City
of Virginia Beach in the State of Virginia,


NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas, on its
Probate side by LYNN PYFROM
HOLOWESKO of West Bay Street, Western
District, New Providence, one of the Islands
of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas,
Attorneys-at-law, is the Authorized Attorney
in The Bahamas, for the Resealed Grant of
Letters of Certificate letter of Qualification in
the above estate granted to NORMA A.
ABIBA, the Administratrix C.T.A. by the Virginia
Beach Circuit Court Clerk's Office, Virginia
Beach, in the State of Virginia, U.S.A., on the
9th day of December, 2004.
Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar



BIDDULPH late of 26005 Butternut
Road in the County of Cuyahoga of the
City of North Olmstread in the State of
Ohio one of the United States of


NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date

hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas, on its
Probate side by KEVIN M. RUSSELL of #14
Doubloon Drive in the City of Freeport on the
Island of Grand Bahama, one of the Islands
of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas,
Attorneys-at-law, is the Authorized Attorney
in The Bahamas, for the Resealed Grant of
Letters of Testamentary in the above estate
granted to BONITA R. DELORENZO, the
Executrix by the Probate Cout in the County
of Cuyahoga of the City of Ohio, U.S.A., on
the 28th day of July, 1993.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar



Whereas EDDINS TAYLOR of Winton Estates,
New Providence, The Bahamas, has made
application to the Supreme Court of The
Bahamas for letters of administration of the
real and personal estate of ROSALIND MARIE
TAYLOR late of Winton Estates, New
Providence, The Bahamas,


Notice is hereby given that such applications
will be heard by the said Court at the expiration
of 14 days from the date thereof.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar



Whereas HAZEL WILLIAMS of No. 21 Danita
Drive, Bamboo Town, New Providence, The
Bahamas, has made application to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas, for letters
of administration with the will annexed of the
real and personal estate of MARION
EDGECOMBE late of, No. 21 Danita Drive,
Bamboo Town New Providence, The


Notice is hereby given that such applications
will be heard by the said Court at the expiration
of 14 days from the date hereof.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar



WARD BAILEY, late of Charlton Abbots
Manor, Andoversford, Cheltenham,
Gloucestershire, United Kingdom,


NOTICE is hereby given that after the
expiration of fourteen days from the date
hereof, application will be made to the
Supreme Court of The Bahamas, on its
Probate side by KARLA SHANTA MclNTOSH
of Woodstock Street Lane, Freeport, Grand

Bahama, The Bahamas, Attorneys-at-law, the
Authorized Attorney in The Bahamas, for
obtaining the Resealed Grant of Probate in
the above estate granted to PETER MAURICE
Executors, by the High Court of Justice, The
Principal Registry of the Family Division, on
the 14th day of March, 1986.

Desiree Robinson
(for) Registrar

Private sector renews

call for trade union

inclusion in NGO Bill

FROM page one
which is the inclusion of trade
unions under its regulations.
In its previous advice submit-
ted to BEST, the Bahamian pri-
vate sector said: "It would
appear that the legislation does
not include NGOs dealing with
economic development, profes-
sional societies, trade unions,
civic groups and think-tanks.
"The necessary research
needs to be conducted to ensure
this act will not conflict with
other legislation like the Com-
panies Act."
The private sector urged the
trade unions be included in the
legislation, arguing: "Why
would they be exempted? They
are entrusted with millions of
dollars, while many NGOs
operate on a shoe-string Bud-
In addition, The Tribune has
learned that the private sector is
urging that all government
NGOs, such as the National
Emergency Management
Agency (NEMA) be included
in the Bill to bring accountabil-
ity to6 them and show the Gov-
ernment is in step with its spirit.
The Bill is intended to raise
transparency and accountability
standards among Bahamas-
based NGOs and non-profit
organisations through new leg-
islation that will require them
to be registered and publish an
annual statement of accounts.
However, sources told The
Tribune that the private sector
has recommended to BEST that
the Bill clarify whether it applies
to all NGOs, or just those that
receive funds and grants from
the Government and interna-
tional organisations.
The Tribune also understands
that rather than give an NGO
or member of an NGO the right
to appeal a decision not to reg-
ister the organisation in the
Supreme Court, the private sec-
tor wants the appeal to go to
the Magistrate's Court.
Sources said the private sec-
tor has recommended that the
Bill stipulate that all audits of
NGO accounts be performed
by a member of the Bahamas
Institute of Chartered Accoun-
tants (BICA).
The business community is
also arguing that there is no
need to publish the annual
audited statements for NGOs
in the daily newspapers, as any
interested parties can obtain
copies of the financials by pay-
ing a fee to the Registrar

BEST has already incorpo-
rated numerous private sector
suggestions into the NGOs Bill,
including one recommendation
that only those organisations
with annual revenues and grants
of $100,000 submit their
accounts to being audited by an
independent auditor.
In its first draft of the Bill,
BEST had proposed that all
NGOs with annual revenues
and grants of more than $25,000
submit their accounts to be
audited by an independent audi-
However, this limit was
increased to $100,000 in a sec-
ond draft of the Bill that was
released on March 22.
The change appears to mir-
ror advice given by the private
sector, which warned that the
audit requirement could be
"cost prohibitive for many
smaller NGOs that serve a very
useful function to this society".
In its review of the first Bill
draft, the business community
said the requirement that all
NGOs attracting more than
$25,000 per annum in revenues
be subjected to an outside audit
"could have a deleterious effect
on smaller NGOs".
"It might be better to have
an income range where income
over $100,000 per annum
requires an audit. Under
$100,000 requires an accoun-
tant's review or the like. Some
smaller NGOs do not even keep
accounts ledgers," the private
sector wrote.
The BEST Commission also
appears to have accepted that
suggestion, for the new Bill
draft says that NGOs with
annual revenues or grants of
less than $100,000 need only
undergo "an accountant review
of the accounts" prepared by
an accountant of bookkeeper.
BEST's latest draft of the Bill
has also incorporated the pri-
vate sector's recommendation
thathe' Registrar' General be
the office where NGOs are reg-
The new draft has added a
paragraph that states that 'no
director, officer or employee
will use the funds or office of
the NGO in a fraudulent man-
ner as fraud is defined under
the criminal code". That is the
exact wording contained in the
private sector's suggested
amendments to the Bill, which
were sent to both the
BEST Commission and
Marcus Bethel, miAister of

NOTICE is hereby given that HERNCY SANEUS, CHARLES
VINCENT ST., NASSAU, BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that
any person who knows any reason why registration/ naturalization
should not be granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 12TH day of APRIL,
2005 to the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


Graham, Thompson & Co., continues to expand
and remains at the cutting edge of complex
commercial transactions within the financial
services, tourism and industrial sectors of The

We are seeking a talented and ambitious
commercial/corporate lawyer (with 5 to 7 years
post qualification experience) to join our Freeport

Candidates must possess demonstrated skills and
ability to work independently on varied complex
commercial/corporate transactions within a broad
range of business and industries and expertise in
the area of project development and finance.

Applicants should send detailed resumes to The
Managing Partner as follows:

P.O. Box N-272, Nassau, The Bahamas, or by
facsimile (242) 328-1069 or by email:

No telephone calls will be accepted.





Courts decide

value of citrus

trees in Florida

"Copyrighted Material..

Syndicated Content

Available from Commercial News Providers"

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The Abaco Club on Winding Bay, a spectacular 520 acre
International Members Golf & Sporting Estate on Abaco, is
seeking a senior-level REAL ESTATE SALES
REPRESENTATIVE. Candidates must have a minimum of
2 years sales experience with a track record of success. Real
estate license is preferred but not required. Successful candidate
must have exceptional communication skills, both verbal and
written. Must be personable, professiorLal and willing to
commute or relocate to Abaco. The AbaiaClub's estate lots'!
range from $1.5 million to over $4 million. A handsome
commission package is offered. Please email cover letter and
resume to or fax to 242-367-2930,
Attn.: Sales & Marketing.


Thursday, April 21

Friday, April 22
Saturday, April 23

We regret any inconvenience this will

cause to our customers.

Taylor Industries Ltd.
111 Shirley Street

Tel: 322-8941 Fax:328-0453
Tel: 322-8941 Fax:328-0453

PIB Trust Company Limited
(Incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas)

Balance Sheet
As of 31 December 2004
(Expressed in United States dollars)

Cash at bank Parent Bank
Prepaid expenses and receivables
Furniture and equipment, net
Investment in subsidiaries



Accrued expenses and other liabilities
Shareholders' Equity
Share capital
Authorized, issued and fully paid
1,000,000 ordinary shares of par value SI each
Retained earnings


Francois Rouge






Lennox Paton

March 8. 2005

Notes to Balance Sheet
1. Incorporation and Principal Activities
PIB Trust Company Limited (the Company) is incorporated under the Companies Act, 1992 of the
Commonwealth of The Bahamas and is licensed under the Banks and Trust Companies Regulation Act,
2000 to conduct banking and trust business from within The Bahamas. However, the Company
relinquished its banking licence as of the close of business on 31 December 2003. It is a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Private Investment Bank Limited (the Parent Bank), a company also incorporated under
the laws of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas. The Company's ultimate parent company is Banque de
Patrimoines Prives Geneve BPG SA, a Swiss bank.
The registered office of the Company is located at Devonshire House, Queen Street, Nassau, The
Bahamas. The total number of staff employed by the Company as of 3l December 2004 is 4 (2003: 3).

2. Significant Accounting Policies
The Company prepares its balance sheet under the historical cost convention and in accordance with
International Financial Reporting Standards. The preparation of balance sheet in accordance with
International Financial Reporting Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions
that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities
Sat the date of-the balance sheet. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The following is a sunmaryn.fth'iifi.ficant accounting policie: -
(a) Furniture and Equipment
Furniture and Equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is
calculated on'a straight-line basis to write-off the assets over their estimated useful lives which
range from three to five years.
(b) Assets under Administration
No account is taken in this balance sheet of assets held or liabilities incurred by the Company as
custodian, trustee or nominee.

3. Prepaid Expenses and Receivables

Prepaid expenses
Staff loans receivable
Fees receivable




18,857 18,624

4. Investment In Subsidiaries
The Company owns 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Pine Limited and Teak Limited.
These companies are used primarily for nominee purposes and are otherwise inactive.

5. Fair Value of Financial Instrumenu
Financial instruments used by the Company include recorded assets and liabilities. The Company's
financial instruments are short-term in nature. Accordingly, the estimated fair value is not significantly
different from the carrying value for each major category of the Company's recorded assets and



I,. IhaSm.
wta ,wpo~
Tdqat(242) ~5.5~5

To the Shareholders of PIB Trust Company Limited
We have audited the accompanying balance sheet of PIB Trust Company Limited (the Company) as of 31
December 2004. This balance sheet is the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to
express an opinion on this balance sheet based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing. Those Standards require that
we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the balance sheet is free of material
misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in
the balance sheet. An audit also includes'assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates
* made by management, as well as evaluating the overall balance sheet presentation. We believe thar -'ur audit
provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion the balance sheet presents fairl), in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as
of 31 December 2004 in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.

Chartered Accountants
March 8, 2005

I _


rtr-u O0, I UtIUAY, APHIL 19, 2005


Private Investment Bank Limited
(Incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas)

Consolidated Balance Sheet
As of 31 December 2004
(Expressed in United States dollars)

Due from banks
Loans and advances
Derivative financial instruments
Accrued interest and prepaid expenses
Investment in associated company
Property and equipment
Other assets

Due to banks
Due to customers
Derivative financial instruments
Accrued interest and other liabilities

Shareholders' Equity
Share capital
Additional paid-in capital
Retained earnings


Francois Rouge

Lennox Paton

8 March 2005


3 & 8
4 & 8
3,8 & 10
4 & 8



5 1,372.786

3 & 8 1,022,100

8 63,695,167
8 94.454,884
3,8 & 10 9,791,077

7 3,000,000
7 12,000,000






Notes to Consolidated Balance Sheet

1. Incorporation and Principal Activities

Private Investment Bank Limited (the Bank) is incorporated under the Companies Act, 1992 of the
MARVIN .ommonwealth of The Bahamas (The Bahamas) and is licensed under the Banks and Trust Companies
Regulation Act, 2000 to conduct banking and trust business, including the provision of portfolio
management services, from within The Bahamas. The Bank however, limits its activities to the provision
of private banking services, whilst the trust business is performed by its ,wholly owned subsidiary PIB
Trust Company Limited (the Trust). The Bank is a wholly owned subsidiary of Banque de Patrimoines
Prives Geneve BPG SA (the Parent Company), a Swiss bank. All balances with the shareholders of the
Parent Company, the directors and officers of the Bank, the Parent Company and the Bank's subsidiaries
are disclosed as being with related parties.

The registered office of the Bank is located at Devonshire House, Queen Street, Nassau, The Bahamas.
The total number of staff employed by the Bank and the Trust as of 31 December 2004 was 16 permanent
staff and I temporary staff (2003: 17 permanent staff and 2 temporary staff).

The Bank's other wholly owned subsidiary, Miremont Investment Management Ltd. (Miremont), an
International Business Company incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas,
serves as the investment manager of Miremont Alternative Strategies Ltd., a mutual fund incorporated in
the Cayman Islands, that invests in hedge funds.

During the year, Long/Short ETF Asset Management Ltd., which was activated in 2003, was wound up.

2. Significant Accounting Policies

The Bank's balance sheet is prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain assets and
liabilities that are recorded at fair value, in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.
The preparation of the consolidated balance sheet in accordance with International Financial Reporting
Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of
assets, and liabilities and the disclosurefe5ontingent astsasa dijabjlities-tthgd ate..of heconsohidateda .-.,
S. balance sheet.Actual restilts could differ from those estimates.

The following is a summary of the other significant accounting policies:

(a) Principles of Consolidation

Subsidiary undertakings, which are those companies in which the Bank has power to exercise
control over financial and operating policies, have been consolidated. Subsidiaries are consolidated
from the date on which effective control is transferred to the Bank and are no longer consolidated
from the date of disposal or the date after which the Bank no longer has the power to exercise
control. All significant intercompany balances are eliminated on consolidation. The accompanying
consolidated balance sheet includes the accounts of the Bank, the Trust and Miremont.

(b) Translation of Foreign Currencies

The United States dollar is the Bank's measurement and reporting currency because its capital and
a majority of its transactions are denominated in that currency.

Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the United States dbllar are translated at
rates of exchange prevailing at the year-end

(c) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits due from banks less demand deposits due to

(d) Loans, Advances and Provision for Impairment

Loans and advances are carried at the principal amount outstanding less any provision for
impairment and uncollectibility. All outstanding loans and advances are originally granted by the
Bank and are recognized when cash is advanced to the borrowers. All loans and advances to
customers are adequately collateralized by investment securities and deposits held by the Bank on
behalf of the borrowers. Accordingly, the Bank has not established a provision for impairment or
uncollectibility with respect to loans and advances.

(e) Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Land is not depreciated,
however, depreciation on other property and equipment is calculated on a strjight-line basis to
allocate their costs over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful lives are as follow:

* Building
* Computer Hardware & Software
* Furniture & Equipment
* Vehicles

10 years
5 years
5 years
5 years

(f) Valuation of Derivatives

Derivatives comprise forward currency contracts that are carried at estimated fair value based on
The forward rate for the remaining period to maturity at the balance sheet date.

(g) Fiduciary Accounts and Assets under Administration

No account is taken in this consolidated balance sheet of fiduciary accounts or assets and liabilities
of clients administered by the Bank or the Trust, other than those assets and liabilities which relate
to the bankingxervices provided by the Bank or the Trust for their clients.

3. Parent Company Balances

Balances at 31 December 2004 with the Parent Company anr as follow:

Due from banks demand

Receivable from derivative financial instruments

Due to banks demand

Payable on derivative financial instruments

9,006,085 4,557,823

2,057,386 1,820,411

1,018,440 2,614,304

7,463,651 2,671,163

4. Other Related Party Balances

At 31 December 2003, the Bank had a Swiss Franc denominated loan of $9,273,890, with an interest rate
of 5% per annum, due from a company that was beneficially owned by a shareholder of the Parent
Company. During the year, the loan was repaid in full.

5. Property and Equipment

C st:
I January 2003
31 December 2003

Accumulated Depreciation:
I January 2003
Depreciation expense
31 December 2003

Land Building Furniture
& Equipment


942.416 99,124 1.042.240
3,485 3.485
8- (13,842) (13,42).
S- 945.901 85,982 1.031,883

675,178 50,185 725,363
S- 115.407 17,300 132,707
790,585 67,485 858.070

Closing Net Book Value 2003 55.316 18.497 173.813

I January 2004
31 December 2004

Accumulated Depreciation:
I January 2004
Depreciation expense
31 December 2004

945.901 85,982 1,031,883
348.900 951,100 15,227 1,315.227
348,900 951,100 961,128 85,982 2,347.110

790,585 67,485 858,070
15.850 94,304 6,100 116,254
15.850 884.889 73,515 974,324

Closing Net Book Value 2004 348,900 935,250 76,239 12.397 1,372,786

On 29 October 2004, the Bank exercised the option under a lease agreement and purchased its current
office premises for $1.3 million. Of the purchase price, $348,900 was allocated to the land based on an
independent appraisal performed during the year and the balance of $951,100 was allocated to the
building. A director of the Bank is a shareholder of the company that owned the office premises.

6. Share Capital and Additional Paid-in Capital

Share capital:
Authorized, issued and fully paid-up
3,000,000 ordinary shares of$l each

3,000,000 3,00000

Additional paid-in capital represents the excess of the issue price for the Bank's shares over their par value
and any contributions received from the Parent Company for which no shares have been issued.

7. Use of Financial Instruments

By its nature the Bank's activities are principally related to the use of financial instruments, including
derivatives. The Bank accepts deposits from customers at fixed rates and for various periods and seeks to
earn a better return by consolidating short-term funds and investing for longer periods in making
collateralized loans to customers and placing bank deposits, whilst maintaining sufficient liquidity to meet
all claims that might fall due.

The Bank also enters into forward currency contracts as part of its client related activities add manages the
risks of these positions by taking offsetting positions with the Parent Company.

(a) Interest rate risk

The Bank takes on exposure due to the effects of fluctuations in prevailing levels of market interest
rates on its financial position and cash flows. The Board of Directors sets limits on the level of
mismatch of interest rate repricing that may be undertaken which is monitored daily. The table below
summarises the Bank's exposure to interest rate risks. Included in the table are the banking assets and
liabilities at carrying amounts categorized by the earlier of contractual repricing or maturity dates.

As of31 December 2004

Due from bapks
- Demand
Loans and advances

Due to banks
- Demand
Due to customers
- Demand

Within One
Less than To Three
One Mouth Months
S S$

52,890.550 -
34,785,800 35.827.600

34,499886 55.494.680
99217165 S494

Interest rate sensitivity gap (2,042,069) 7,75600

As of 3 December 2003

Due from banks
-Demand .....
Loans adiW is

Due to banks
- Demond
Due to acuiomrs



Within Within Sir
Three to Monthsto
Six Months One Year
s S

2,732.976 350,000
1,272.128 11378590
4005.10 11.728.590

One Year

1,655,490 75.351,866

1655.490 177815.860


2,454,816 35000 1.655.40 94,454.884

2.454.816 350oo00

.1,550,288 I1,378.590

34,966.250 5,187,250 937,500 1,312,500
23"599.8726 ,2175.000 i0i1-,
5p166326 0 4362256 12',008731 1,3123OO

1,655.490 159.172.51

___ ; 18,643,709

58,372250 '

- 2,65503

-Demand 64,325,604 64,325,604
-Tame 17,88,750 53.864384 5,726,842 937,50 1312.00 79.739.976

84879657 53864384 5.726842 93750 131200 146.72883
-lateresmrat sesoe vity gap (21,65379) 4.701.742 24.635408 11.07,231. 1750.02

The table below summarises the effective average interest rate by major currencies for banking assets and

As of 31 December 2004

Due from banks time

Loans and advances

Due to customers time

As of 31 December 2003

Due from banks time

Loans and advances

Due to customers time


1.455 2.037 0384 4.647

3.080 4.568 4.647

1.132 1.541 0.285 3.853

1.094 2.194



4.787 4.532 5.337

0.576 1.436 0.135 2.730

(b) Credit risk

Credit risk arises from the potential for failure of a counterparty to perform according to the terms
of the contract. The Bank's exposure to credit risk is primarily in the form of demand balances with
banks, time deposits with banks and, loans and advances to customers. The Bank only places
demand and time deposits with high quality international financial institutions including the Parent
Company. The loans and advances are short-term and are collaterized by assets managed by the
Bank on behalf of its customers. The Bank also uses other methods, such as credit monitoring
techniques, including collateral and credit exposure limit policies.

Ithe table below sets out the total credit risk and significant concentrations of assets and liabilities by
geographical location of the counterparty.

As of 3 December 2004
Due from banks
Loans and advances

Due to banks
Due to customers

Credit commitments

As of 31 December 2003
Due from banks
Loans and advances

Due om banks
Due to customers

Central and
North and the
Europe America Caribbean
$ S $

31580,560 20,.965,887 344,103
74,601,866 750.000
-16,097,672 21,304,704


12 171 ,068



122.280,.0208 965887 229 12171068 177.815,860

1,018.440 3,660
8,215,509 53,002,392 2,477,266
18.47,96 75,__3 4 5030 633.140

27,7313 453 12,330,200 8110406


5,890,569 672.45 6563,054

17,141,931 27,628,839 215,589 44,986,359
57,622,250 750,000 5,372.20
25455116 36478.320 178.940 62112376

100,219.297 27.628.839 37,443909 78,940 165470985




Credit commitmems 79 025 -- 52947> -- 608,503

Also, ninety-three percent (2003: ninety-three percent) of the total loans and advances are due firm
five customers (2003: five customers) and the balance due from each of three of these customers
(2003: four customers) exceeds 25% of the Bank's capital.

8,082,056 52,523,295
30173 6 25128,2



(e) Currency risk
The Bank takes on exposure due to the oflects of fluctuations in the prevailing ibigna cuonrecy
exchange rates on its financial position and cash flows. The Boardof Directors ts limits on the
level of exposure by currency and in total fbr overnight positions, which are monitored daily. THs
table below summarises the Bank's exposure to foreign currency exchapae fate risk. Included in the
table are the Bank's consolidated assets and llabilities at carrying an ounts, categoried by currncy.

Ase*31 IDectalm w2
Duceom tmbo
Lw. Mdw a
Diaivmve liac kmmnmM
A..... O etam-t dqp "'"
Tal mtt u

Duf lo monxnt
Dawhin fim..*.,,ummm
Acmued lke Md oMd Xabtf

s s 3 S S s







Cofito wcmkeAoM

Dori1 *Ili aimril Is-I -
0,. hac e
oulAis ufe p p


Duivubive Anmcil begmaLWA
eed Mlotl ddl.-bk-

Tasu IUnloi
Nof bdmc hIMto









s... n,











cMs car G 0 W i
St $ S $






2.2 19.04



(IOI)NsI~ ass

142.074 4 42 -





(d) Liquidity risk

This is the risk that the Bank does not have the necessary liquidity to meet its on al o aton
The Bank manages its liquidity by matching liabilitieas.with assets of similarmaturity periods. The
... --abe-beino analyses lassB ad lIabilities of eth-Baik inIt ~tleva naturit ty grtupings based on the
remaining period at the balance sheet date to the contractual maturity date.

As of31 December 2004

Diw'ftom tnb
Lowui and aldvac

- Demand
Duei cimmeis

Liquidy gap

As of 31 December 2003
Due ime blnas
Loais anJ d vcc

Due tbanks

Liquldity ap9

Lou thi On e. To.him
One Month M6..
$ $

w* Wm wias-
TornS21 S2madmthin
m tl 0.. eYr
5 "

l2. so ". .

63,695,167 + " .- ,.50, *.-N

3.023,87S 195S1,83

44~9. "
49.2A.0m 5m922M0 25 0
33776 25.1j __

Xf.65,30 .



5.499.9 I jmm

.-947.S47-.4 M


Ts ll

* 25.64.709 *




(e) Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The non-derivative financial i ents utilized the ank are either sttertrin nature or have
interest rates that automatically reset to market on a periodic basis. Accordingly, their estimated fair
value is not significantly different from their carrying value.

8. Derivative Financial Instruments

The Bank enters into forward currency contracts solely as part of its client-related trading activities.
Forward currency contracts are contracts to purchase and sell foreign cunencies at specific rates of
exchange on specific dates in the future Risk arises im the potential inability of counterparties to
perfoun under the terms of the contracts (credit risk) and from fluctuations in the foreign exchange rates
(maket risk). The Bank manages the markIet risks of cliemnt-lated positios by taking ofitlg positions
with the Parent Company, resulting in minimal market exposure. The credit risk of the cdient-relaed
positions is managed by applying uniform credit standards maintained for allactivities with credit risk.
Collateral held generally includes cash, cash equivalents, and marketabe securities.
As ofthe reporting date, the Bank had contractual commitments under open forward cuency contracts as

Commitments to purchase forward cuency contacts 607,162,221 343,297712

Commimens to sell forward cuncy contract

606,966,187 343,270,223

The contract amounts of these instruments reflect the extent of the Bank's involvement in forward
currency contracts and do not represent the Bank's risk of loss due to counterparty non-perfommnance. The
credit risk is limited to those contracts with a positive fair value of $9,987,113 (2003: $4,568,168).

9. Contingent Liabilities

(i) At 31 December 2004, the Bank was contingently liable for $495,000 (2003: $1,296,200) in respect of
guarantees Issued on behalf of customers. Assets held on behalf of the customers collateraliz these
(ii) During 2001, the BaLk loaned a customer $12.$ million to purchase ctain short-tam debt.
instruments that went intodefault in 2002. The balance of the loai as of31December 2004 $is 12.4
million (2003: $11.1 million) and is collatealied by a fuciay termn dposi ththe Sk of$10.9
million and a team deposit of $4 million as of 31 December.2004 (2003: $108. million and $4 million,
respectively). The customer has clainied that neither the loan nor the debt instruments purchased with
th oan proceedswasauthdrizedand has commencedlegal proceedings againstthe Bank alleging
breach of contract or alternatively negligence and/or breach of statutory duty under the Securities
Industry Act and Regulation 1999. The proceedings are lit an advanced stage and the matter is likely
to go to trial within the next eighteen months. The management of the Bank and its legal counsel are
of the opinion thatthat the Bank will successfully defend the matter at trial and ultimately there will be no
loss to the Bank.


Eau M lhO S
P.O. H -91IO0
W...,a..u.w6. n o.
5r.d.. e.chs..
9Miiiiiii242)m 5330


To the Shareholders of Private Investment Bank Limited

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Private Investment Bank Limited (Qhe bank)
and its subsidiaries as of 31 December 2004. The balance sheet is the responsibility of the Bank's management.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this balance sheet based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing. Those Standards require that we
plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the balance sheet is free of material
misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in
the consolidated balance sheet. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant
esimatcs made by management, as well as evaluating the overall balance sheet presentation. We believe that our
audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the balance sheet presents fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Bank and its
subsidiaries as of 31 December 2004 in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.

Chartered Accountants
v March 2005

Clear Channel

signals its plans

IfCopyrighted Material

Syndicated Content

Available from Commercial News Providers"


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mw- -o% o- m mo o- oO
di mi NO P NO ff m w 4


Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration/naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any
person who knows any reason why registration/ naturalization should
not be granted, should send a written and signed statement of the
facts within twenty-eight days from the 7TH day of APRIL, 2005 to
the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O.Box F-
41085, Grand Bahama, Bahamas.


NOTICE is hereby given that JEFFREY VERNISE OF
BAHAMAS, is applying to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as
a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows
any reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement of the
facts within twenty-eight days from the 19TH day of APRIL,
2005 to the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


Requires: Customer Care Representative


The successful candidate should have at
least three (3) years experience in customer
service and sales.
Must have good written and oral
communication skills
Must possess good leadership and
interpersonal skills
Must be self-motivated and energetic

Attractive benefits package.
Please send resume to:

Lakeview Memorial Gardens & Mausoleum
P.O.Box CB 13773
Nassau, Bahamas
Fax: 323-7329

Professional Sales Representative

As part of a leading research-driven pharmaceutical products
and services company, we market a broad range of
innovative products to improve human health.

Ctirrently we are searching for qualified candidates to fill
a Professional Sales Representative position open in the
Bahamas territory. This position is responsible for
implementing sales and marketing programs in their
assigned territory with the objective of increasing sales
and market share.

Minimum Requirements:

Bachelor's Degree, MBA or equivalent college degree
Previous medical sales representative experience preferred.
Available and willingness to travel
Excellent oral and written communication in English
Knowledge of PC applications
Valid and active driver's license
Demonstrated interpersonal and presentation skills.

We strive to create a working environment that rewards
cominmtnient and performance. As such we offer an excellent
compensation and benefit package.

Qualified candidates may fax or send resumes, with salary
history to:
att: Mr S. Van Er
Lowe's Wholesale Drug Agency
......- Soldier Road
P.O. Box N-7504
Nassau, Bahamas

Fax: 1 242-393-1527

We are an equal opportunity employer. We take affirmative
action to consider applicants without regards of race, color,
sex, religion, national origin, Vietnam Era and/or Disabled
Veteran Status or individuals with disabilities.

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Dominic and Leevan give

a 'taste of what to expect'

FROM page one

believe this is how we were
able to win the champi-
"The athletes worked
feverishly year round, we
held morning and evening
practices, which consist of a
little gym work, beach work-
outs, therapy and endurance
"Like I mentioned earlier,
there were persons who
played a critical role in the
titles and we would like to
thank them for it."
According to Armbrister
the team will take a rest
from any competition and
training for the rest of the
month, with interesting ath-
letes returning to training in
hopes of making junior track
and field teams.


on Court'

session this

JOHN Antonas, Direc-
tor of Tennis at the Lyford
Cay Club, will put on a
Tennis On Court Presenta-
tion on Saturday at the
National Tennis Centre.
The session will run
from 4.30-6pm and will be
open to all tennis enthusi-
The presentation will be
geared towards the themes
"Modern Game of Tennis -
How and Why Has it
Changed?" and "How Are
We Now Training Tennis
in the 21st Century?"
"The game has improved
tremendously," said
Antonas, a former Davis
Cup captain and member
of the PTR Master Profes-
sional. "So I will be letting
them know what changed
from 20 years ago when me
and Leo Rolle played ten-
nis and what's going on
right now."

There will be a question
and answer period after
the presentation.
"This is something that
I've done from time to
time among the pros,"
Antonas noted. "But this
time, I'm inviting all of the
pros and all of the enthusi-
"I think they all can
learn some of the new
techniques and why we
must continue doing it. So
when they are watching
TV, they will know how
the game has changed
today and why the game
has changed."
Adults will be charged
$5, while children will have
to pay $1. Part proceeds
will go towards the
Bahamas Lawn Tennis
Association's junior devel-
opment programme.

THE Bahamas Association
of Certified Officials have
announced that its training ses-
sions for members of BACO
and anyone interested in
becoming members, will begin
tonight at 7pm at Oakes Field
Primary School.
The training sessions, accord-
ing to BACO president Val
Kemp, will continue through
Saturday, April 23.

I ^--~^



The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighbourhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

Copy rig h ted Mate-riala

iy ndri caterdCon e nid

Available from Commercial News Providers"

onships in
said the
on the
which includes
female sprinter
Timicka Clarke
and Everette Fraser, will
continue at the Senior Central,
American and Caribbean
Championships over the Inde-
pendence holiday and the 10th
IAAF World Championships in
Helsinki, Finland in August.
The Auburn Elite comprises
of a number of Caribbean ath-
letes from the Bahamas,
Trinidad & Tobago, the Cay-
man Island and Jamaica.
Joining the Bahamians are
Marc Burns and Darrel Brown
from Trinidad; Cydonie Moth-
ersill from the Caymans and
Vonette Dixon and Dean Grif-
fith from Jamaica.
About his season opener,
which tied him for the 29th spot
in the world with Jan van der
Merwe of the Republic of South
Africa, Demeritte said it was a
good measure stick to see how
much progress he's made so far
in training.

"I was pretty pleased. It was
the first race so I didn't really
execute," Demeritte stressed.
"I just wanted to get a founda-.
tion to build on. But obviously I
can't wait to get my season,'
After competing at the Uni-
versity of Georgia on Saturday,,'
Demeritte will prepare for a trip
to Brazil to compete in
three meets on May 15, 18 and
"I'm just looking for some
consistency and some fast
times," Demeritte projected.
"I'm looking forward to run-
ning with the best guys in the,
big races.
"I've been training for about,
six months and I've been pretty
anxious to get my first race
under my belt. Now that I've'
got it, I'm excited about racing;
this year."
For Sands, he was delighted
that he won, despite the fact,
that it wasn't one of his
best marks he could have post-

"I think I'm ready to jump,
far. It just ain't come yet," saidI
Sands, who stayed unbeaten in
two meets so far this year. "I
had some problems on my sec-
ond third attempts so that could,
have had an effect on my per-,
After jumping 25-91/2 to win
his season opener in Tallahassee
on March 19, Sands said it was
good to get back on the run-
way to compete again.
"I'm looking forward to hav-
ing a better season than last
year," said Sands, who was dis-
appointed that he didn't make it
to the finals of the 2004
Olympic Games in Athens,
b Greece.
"I've been working a lot on
my speed. Hopefully World
Championships and CAC will
be my focus.
"Like I said, last year I didn't
make the finals, so my focus is
to make the finals and go from
Sands, who has the 19th best
jump so far this year, said his
ultimate goal is break his
Bahamian national record of
57-5 that he set in the triple
jump in 2002 and he's also going
to pursue Craig Hepburn's long
jump mark of 27-7 that he set in
"I'm going to focus on both
this year, in case one doesn't
come through, I will still have
the other to fall back on," said
Sands, who had yet to compete
in the triple jump this year. "So
that's my main focus, doing the
long and triple jump."
Like Demeritte, Sands will
be competing at Georgia. After
that, he will probably head to
Martinique to compete in two

(lot* e r **tr l



Boxing body aims to take on

a more international flavour

THE Commonwealth Boxing
Council is planning a period of
growth and a departure from
its traditional British roots.
Eric Armit, the current chair-
man of the body, talked about
the focus on greater interaction
with member bodies stretched
throughout the Commonwealth
region at a recent meeting in
"Well, I think what we are
aiming to do is to continue what
we started in 2004 and that is
to very much get the focus to
move away from being primary
British, to an international con-
"For many years, British box-
ers have dominated the cham-
pionships... maybe due to tele-
vision sponsorships and the like.
It has been British promoters
who have been able to put the
fights on.
"But we have taken an active
role in trying to encourage par-
ticipation in the championships
by others, particularly the
African fighters.
Since its beginning in 1954,
the CBC has spawned a solid
list of credible boxing personal-
ities, administrators and box-
Its champions have been
some of the greatest fighters to
ever grace rings around the
world, including our own
Gomeo Brennen (mid-
dleweight) and Ray Minus Jr.
(bantamweight) who were both
Commonwealth champions on
two different occasions and
Steve Larrimore who was also a
champion (light welterweight).
They stand alongside lumi-
naries like the courageous Eng-
lishman Henry Cooper, fellow
Brit John Conteh (who defend-
ed his light heavyweight against
Bahamian Baby Boy Rolle in
1973), Dick Tiger (mid-
dleweight) and Hogan Kid
Bassey (featherweight) of Nige-
ria, Floyd Robertson of Ghana,
and Bunny Grant (welter-
weight) Jamaica.


Mr Armit said: "We see the
Commonwealth title as being
one that African fighters and
others throughout the Com-
monwealth can use to further
their careers.
"It has helped that we have
held conventions in both Kenya
arid Ghana to raise the profile
of the Commonwealth and
eficourage promoters in those
areas to bid for title fights, and
I think one of the signs of that
success is the fact that we have
several champions from Ghana
and each of those have defend-
ed or will defend against
African challengers.
"To some extent there is a
need for the areas however to
develop their own programmes
to the point whereby we can

* SHERMAN "Tank" Williams boxing promoters want the Bahamian for a
Commonwealth title match

assist them in the step-up
towards Commonwealth titles.
We need the various areas to
develop their fighters to the
stage where they are up to
scratch to challenge for the
Commonwealth titles and then
we will do out part."
Mr Armit is also of the strong
view that the excitement is
greater when fighters from dif-
ferent regions are meeting in
the ring for a Commonwealth
title and the present CBC lead-
ers are determined to do all that
is possible to get fighters from
all over the Commonwealth in
the mix.


An example is the inclusion
of Bahamian Sherman 'Tank"
Williams who fights basically
out of the United States, into
the heavyweight group of con-
tenders. As a result, promoters,
here and in Australia are try-
ing to make a title match

between Williams and Aussie
Bob MirQicy for the vAUcaknt,
Ghana's I~ses Atioining is
enthused with the CBC's
efforts. "I agree that we've got a
fantastic product in the sense
that the council is the most
credible organization around.
The others are tainted and we
have an organization of coun-
tries who have great traditions.
"If we can work at concen-
trating in getting good promo-
tions going all over the Com-
monwealth we will be able to
raise the standard and improve
the sport all over."
Ghana now has four champi-
ons and three of the title fights
were promoted in that country.
The champions are mid-
dleweight James Toney, light
middleweight Osumanu
Yahaya, welterweight Johnua
Okine, and bantamweight
Joseph Agbeko.
Amoining, Frederick Sturrup
of the Bahamas Boxing Com-
mission and a representative

from Jamaica have
been askd by the
BC to look int
the fe fasibility bf"
developing regional
tournaments. A
report is to be
made at the body's
annual general
meeting later this
'Growth THE CBC directors at their last meeting

Secretary Simon Block
belives the CBC should grow
from strength to strength.
"The council has been chang-
ing has been evolving dra-
matically since we were incor-
porated at the end of the last
"We have been making posi-
tive strides over the last five
years in particular, to try to
ensure that the title fights are
representative of Common-
wealth boxing.
"In the past there has been a

preponderance of British box-
ing which has not always cov-
ered the entire area as we
would have liked. We are now
having some success in having
fighters from all over the Com-
monwealth to a much larger
extent participate in the cham-
"The Commonwealth is in a
unique situation. We are not a
geographical entity but we are a
number of countries with a
shared interest politically, eco-
nomically and in sports of

"The Commonwealth is most
unique in the whole world and
there is nothing else in the
world comparable. So we
believe all the members of the
Commonwealth should place
the same degree of value on the
council as is the case here.
"This is what we want and
we will continue to work very
hard in encouraging this full
involvement of member coun-
tries. We believe in profession-
al boxing and the council is
doing its share to further that

Golf tournament pulls in the crowds

MORE than 100 golfers turned up for the first Ken Francis
Golf Classic on Sunday.
The tournament at the Radisson Cable Beach Golf Hotel was
finally won by friends Don Boorman and Mike Toporowski
with a score of 60.20.

The tournament was in honour of Ken Francis, past president
of the Bahamas Golf Federation, and his service to the sport.





Fax: (242) 328-2398


Junior Sports

THE CR Walker Knights
stormed into Grand
Bahama to take what they
claim was rightfully theirs,
a national track and field
championship title.
After dominating the
Government Secondary
School Sporting Association
(GSSSA) track and fieldc
championships, the Knights
only needed the national
title to add their name to the
record books.
Knights' dominance in
track and field started in
November with the CH
Reeves cross country cham-
pionship, the national high
school cross country cham-
pionship, high school relays
and the Government Sec-
ondary School Sporting
Association (GSSSA) cham-
The Knights marched into
the three day competition,
held at the Grand Bahama
Complex with 43 students
ready for battle-
39 of which came back
with medals.
They dominated the
senior division, accumulat-
ing 284.50 points, 146.50
points from the senior girls
and 138 in the senior boys.

Rounding out the top
three in the senior girls divi-
sion were the CC Sweeting
Cobras, 105.50.points and
the Grand Bahama Catholic
High Crusaders with 94
points, in third.
In the senior boys, the
Eight Mile Rock Bluejays
were second with 97 points
with the Cobras coming in
Knights were a point shy
in the under 17 boys divi-
sion, a title claimed by the
CC Sweeting Cobras with
75 points. Finishing in third
place were the St. Georges
Jaguars with 70 points, Sun-
land Baptist were fourth
with 66 points.
Knights' Head coach
Floyd Armbrister said: "This
year we worked extremely
hard has a unit. From the
beginning of the season the
coaches decided to pool
their resources and it paid
off for us in the cross coun-
try championships.

"Our house sports were
held after the cross country
championships, this is were
we identified most of our
sprinters and other athletes
who specialised in various
"Getting help from coach-
es from the outside and a
rehabilitation centre helped
because the athletes were in
tip top form when it came
to time to compete."
With a switch in the scor-
ing system, and the
(BAAA) deciding to use the
Carifta scoring method; The
Knights and the Crusaders
came out on top with a total
of 31 medals, 13 gold, 10 sil-
ver and eight bronze.
Cominng in third were the
Queens College Comets
with 13 medals, 10 gold, two
silvers and a bronze.
After the meet Armbris-
ter revealed the school's
strategy, concluding that
Knights championship title
was a team effort.
"Our championship came
because we didn't have one
or two athletes who were
dominant in their divisions,
said Armbrister. "Other
schools had one and two
athletes dominating while
we were able to produce a
handful of athletes who all
"It is great to have ath-
letes in a division who can
dominant, but that particu-
lar athlete can only bring in
some much points. And I

SEE page 8B

SOPHOMORE sprinter Grafton Ifill III, back in
action after taking a year off from school, is having
a sensational year at the University of Pennsylvania.
After breaking the school's indoor 200 metres
record, Ifill III produced some of the top outdoor
times in both the 100 and 200 over the weekend.
Competing at the Quad meet against Princeton,
Villanova and Rutgers, Ifill III ran away from the
field to win the men's 100 in 10.42 seconds.
It was Penn's fastest time by a Quaker since
1984 and the fourth in the school's history. In the
process, he also qualified for the NCAA Regional.
The graduate of St. Augustine's College also
doubled up in the 200, running 21.31 for the seventh
fastest time by a Quaker.
Quakers' assistant coach Jamie Cook, who
worked directly with Ifill III, said they are more
than pleased with his performance so far this year.
"His training's going very well and although he
hasn't ran in any heavy competition yet, he's ran
pretty good this weekend," Cook stressed.

"So he's doing very well. He's just been doing a
lot of multiple racing to get himself in better shape.
Now we'll start backing off because in two weeks,
he will have to run the 100 at the Penn Relays and
we will focus on our Conference meet the week
after that when he will run the 100 and 200 and pos-
sibly both relays."
Over the weekend at the Quad meet, Ifill III
also ran the second leg of their 4 x 100 relay team
that finished second in a time of 42.03 behind Rut-
gers, who won the race in 41.79.
But Cook said Ifill's time of 10.42 in the century
was one of the best they've seen in a while. In the
five years that he's been there, Cook said he's nev-

er seen any Quaker run as fast as Ifill III did and he
noted that he's just getting started.
"To do that with only 50-60 degrees, it shows
that he's ready to run," Cook projected. "Once he
starts to back off (from tri aing), his times should
really jump up there."
Cook said he's not one of those coaches who
focusses so much on time so he's not making any
predictions or projections on how fast he could
run this year.
"We just want him to stay healthy because the
better competition he's in, the faster he will run,"
Cook proclaimed.
"He haven't really ran a good 200
yet because he's worried about coming off the
The Penn Relays are scheduled for April 28-30 at
Franklin Field, but before he competes there, Cook
said there's a possibility that Ifill III will run this
weekend at the Widener Invitational at Princeton.
"Depending on how he feels, this would be the
week that he doesn't do too much because the
next couple of weeks he will be pretty busy," Cook
Ifill III, according to Cook, has been their best
sprinter this year and they rely on him not only to
carry the load in the individual sprints, but also
on the relay team.
"He's a great leader. He does his work everyday
and never complains," Cook stated. "He's a good
factor for all of the guys. They learn a lot from
"And for him being so young, it's quite impres-
sive for him to step up and take on that role."
Ifill III is the first Bahamian that Cook has been
involved directly with and he said if he can find
some more like Ifill III, he would be happy to
come down and take them back on the plane.
"He's doing well in school. He's a great student.
He's doing well up here in Philadelphia," Cook
summed up.

GRAFTON IFILL I, back in action
after taking a year off, and putting on
some impressive displays.

__ I __ ~

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d h ea

Parenting programmes

to come

together as one

Tribune Feature Writer
THE ministries of Social
Services, Education and
Health have partnered in a bid
to establish a National Par-
enting Programme to equip
Bahamian parents with prop-
er parenting skills.
Though each of these
organisations already has
some kind of parenting pro-
gramme in place, officials are
seeking to bring all the
resources of each ministry
under one umbrella.
Cleomi Taylor, a senior
social worker at the Ministry
of Social Services' Rehabili-
tative Welfare Services says
that at one point each unit in
that ministry had parenting
courses, but later, only the
Rehabilitative Welfare Ser-
vices unit carried a pro-
"At one time you had child
welfare that dealt with abuse
and neglect. We had them

Ministries set to

establish partnership

putting on their parenting pro-
gramme to deal with parents
in that category. They were
aiming at neglectful and abu-
sive mothers, so that was rele-
vant to their area.
"At the same time, you had
your department of rehabili-
tative welfare services who
were dealing with delinquent
probationers and parents of
delinquent juveniles. But that
has changed," Ms Taylor
For more than 10 years
now, her unit has been pro-
viding eight-week parenting
sessions; the most recent was
completed two weeks ago and

the second session for the year
begins next week.
But the National Parenting
Programme, she adds, will
"encompass" all of these cat-
egories of parents those who
neglect their children and
those who have delinquent
"At the end of the day, we
are hoping that through the
various parenting programmes
we put out, that we would see
parents learn how to better
parent their children in terms
of the way they are socialised,
the way they also deal with
conflict resolution, the way
they deal with communication
and also in learning some
alternative ways in terms of
discipline," says Ms Taylor.

W'imwcn po go in iWd fr pe


According to the co-ordina-
tor of the ministry's existing
parenting programme, the
way that parents discipline
their children is one of the
major concerns, since some,
parents "mistake" child abuse
for discipline.
"*A- ,*'%'l *e

The majority of parents who
participate in the programme
are ordered to do so by the
court, but Ms Taylor hopes

seen in the past is that the per-
sons who need to be there
don't come consistently."
However, in the programme

"I think in the way our
children are socialised, we need

ipu10 n to let them know what our
"We are looking at other, ,drare
options and alternatives to dreams and aspirations are for
physical punishment. We want!; them, what our expectations
to let people know that phys- ou
ical punishment is not the only are for them, who they are,
way that you can discipline a
child. You have other ways of their importance. Let them
dealing with it, other than
resorting to physical and abu- know they are special, just to
sive ways of dealing with chil-
dren," Ms Taylor emphasises. help in lifting theiroverall
While the social worker Self-esteem "
believes that each parent will sel-esteem.
have to look at their "individ-
ual circumstances" when
choosing an alternative to Cleomi Taylor, a senior social worker
"whipping", denying privileges
may be one way of dealing
with the child, or something that parents will volunteer to that closed two weeks ago,
as simple as talking to a child. be a part of-the National Par- there was a consistent group

enting Programme once it
comes on stream. --
*B' Of the existing programme,
SMs Taylor said: "And that is
another challenge we've face
^ too. We encourage parents to
come but they don't. In some
cases we have seen some mag-
istrates who have mandated
4 that certain parents come, and
this is outside of the juvenile
court. But I think they are try-
ing to (make) some changes
to that now, where it becomes
mandatory for parents to
come to the parenting (class-
es), because what we have

of parents who came to every
session, Ms Taylor notes.
Along with the issues of
delinquency and neglect, Ms
Taylor says that there are sit-
uations where mother and
father are separated, which
creates a problem with the
issues of visitation rights and
conflict resolution between
parents. "This plays a very
important role when it comes
to parenting because then you
have your child who is being
caught in the centre of that."
SEE page two

"Copyright dMateria

Syndicated Content

Available from"Commercial News Providers"



Glaucoma steals eye

sight protect yours

GLAUCOMA is a group of condi-
tions that affect the eye, causing loss of
eye sight that cannot be restored.
Glaucoma causes great concern for
ophthalmic practitioners and should be
of equal concern to everyone, as the suc-
cess of treatment for this condition is
heavily dependent on:
1. Early detection; and
2. Compliance (strict adherence) to
prescribed treatment.
Glaucoma can affect anyone; however,
the condition is noted to occur more fre-
quently in persons of African heritage, as
compared to persons from other races.
Generally, other persons at risk for
developing this condition include per-
sons with:
Shortsightedness (myopia)
Family history of Glaucoma
There are several types of glaucoma.
These include:
Primary Open Angle (or Chronic)
Secondary Open Angle Glaucoma.
Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma.
Secondary Angle Closure Glaucoma.
Congenital Glaucoma.
The causes, signs and symptoms of
glaucoma vary with type. However, the
feature that is common to all glaucomas,
irrespective of type, is damage to the
optic nerve (the nerve of sight) which
leads to gradual loss of sight, and (if
undetected or treated) eventual blind-
ness. Normally, with the exception of
one type of glaucoma, normal tension
glaucoma, the underlying cause is
increased pressure in the eye.
There is a build up of fluid in the eye
due to poor drainage of fluid from the
eye. Normally, this fluid is produced in
the eye and serves to provide oxygen
and nutrients to the eye before drain-
ing away as intended. The normal pres-
sure of this fluid in the eye is between 10
and 22 millimeters of mercury. However,
due to fault in the drainage system
and/or overproduction of this (neces-
sary) fluid, pressure builds up in the eye.
At this point the pressure is usually
above the normal range.
Here in the Bahamas, Primary Open

Condition causes

'great concern' for

ophthalmic practitioners

Angle Glaucoma is the most commonly
occurring form of the disease affecting
our population.
This type of glaucoma is by nature
one that is most challenging. The cause
of this form of glaucoma is poorly under-
stood. However, research strongly points
to genetic links. It presents itself in a
manner that is not easily detected.
There are no warning signs, until there
is advance loss cf sight. The only means
by which one will know if he-or she has
this form of glaucoma is by having an
eye test.

It is generally recommended that per-
sons over the age of 40 years have an
eye test every two years. However, all
persons should have an eye test every
year as a routine eye health maintenance
procedure. Primary Open Angle Glau-
coma and other eye diseases are detect-
ed at an early stage, when persons pay
attention to the health of their eyes by
having them tested regularly.
Global trends reveal that most per-
sons first present with glaucoma after
age 40. However it has been observed
that Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
affects people of African descent as ear-
ly as the age of 35 years. It is therefore
recommended that persons of the black
race (Africans) start having regular eye
examinations from age 35.
Routinely, an eye examination will
include testing of the central vision which
will assess their ability to see at a certain
distance. However, when the eye is
examined with a view to detecting abnor-

malities, including glaucoma, a number
of different tests will be performed. The
tests that are performed specifically for
the detection of glaucoma include:
Fundoscopy examination of the
back of the eye, whereby the condition of
the nerve at the back of the eye is
Tonometry measurement of the
pressure in the eye.
Visual field assessment of the area
of sight (peripheral vision).
These tests are performed by an opti-
cian/optometrist. They are done based
on the fact that often, in the presence
of glaucoma, one or more of the follow-
ing abnormal changes is present:
Degeneration (deterioration) of the
optic nerve (with irregularity in it appear-
Elevation of intra ocular pressure (
raised pressure within the eye).
Defects in (fading of) the field of
There is no cure for glaucoma at this
time; however, the effects of the disease
can be minimised. With early detection
and treatment, individuals affected by
glaucoma will be able to maintain their
ability to see throughout life. This, how-
ever, is highly dependent on two factors:
early detection and strict adherence to
prescribed treatment.
The primary treatment for Primary
Open Angle Glaucoma is drug therapy -
eye drops and in some instances a com-
bination of eye drops and tablets. These
drugs act in one of two ways, either to
reduce the production of fluid in the eye
or encourage the drainage of the fluid
out of the eye. The success rate of treat-

ing glaucoma among patients in the
Bahamian has not been impressive, due
to late discovery of the disease and min-
imal levels of adherence to treatment
when discovered.
It is perceived that because the condi-
tion is without symptoms such as pain,
until the late stage, many persons do not
take the condition as serious as they
It has been proven that when a delib-
erate effort is made to have eyesight rou-
tinely tested on a regular basis, early
detection results. Likewise, when early
detection is combined with early treat-
ment and affected persons take their
medication as prescribed, and adhere to
strict follow-up visits to their eye doctor
- ophthalmologist the outcome of care
is favourable. Meaning eye sight is pre-

On average, a routine eye test takes
approximately 10 minutes and the test
for glaucoma takes an additional 20 min-
utes. The cost for such test at the gov-
ernment clinic is $10 for persons of
working age and approximately $60 at
most private eye-health centers.
The cost of preserving ones eye-sight
(mankind's window to the world) is
small. The cost of losing one's sight is
far greater physically, financially and
During the Week Monday April 18 to
Friday April 22 the Eye clinic of the
Princess Margaret Hospital is offering
glaucoma testing to the general public
from 9am-10am. Free screenings will
also be offered by Dr Anita Dean at her
private office in the Base Road Shop-
ping Centre on Thursday, April 21.

For additional information on glau-
coma contact the Eye Department of
the Princess Margaret Hospitals at 242-
502-7462, or 242-322-2861 ext 2140 or
2143, The Health Education Division of
the Ministry of Health at telephone 242-
502-4839 or any eye-health center near-
est your home.

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ... ............ .............. .. . .. ..


THE Carver Garden
,Club will celebrate its
.59th Anniversary at its
"Spring Flower and Gar-
,den Show this weekend,
April 23-24 at Queen's
College Auditorium, Vil-
lage Road.
The theme for this
'year's show will be
"Going for Gold" in a
,tribute to the country's
. athletes.
The show is being held
under the patronage of
Lady Edith Turnquest and
promises to be an exciting
It is anticipated that
, more than 50 designs will
be entered in the design
division and many vari-
Seties in the horticultural
On Saturday, viewing
.hours are 3pm-7pm and
on Sunday, 2pm-6pm.
Afternoon tea will be
.on sale.

BLUE Ribbon Award
Designs by Anne Gar-
roway and Andree Hanna
(red flower)

club 'going for gold'
4,**T"--' -

FROM page Qne

Though she is not on the
committee for the national
parenting programme, Ms
Taylor says that she is
aware of some of the issues
being raised. She currently
serves as superintendent of
the Willimae Pratt Centre
for Girls.
Ms Taylor believes that
the establishment of the
National Parenting Pro-
gramme is necessary
because there is a relation-
ship between the way chil-
dren are taught and how
they act in society. "Let me
give one point. I think in
the way our children are
socialised, we need to let
them know what our
dreams and aspirations are
for them, what our expec-
tations are for them, who
they are, their importance.
Let them know they are
special, just to help in lift-
ing their overall self-
Parents should also
socialise their children tb
effectively deal with con-
flict resolution, says the
social worker. "A lot of the
juveniles that come to our
attention, we have discov-
ered that if they had dealt
with situations or if they
knew how to deal with
them or turn the other
way, they would not have
gotten into the problems
that we see coming before
us. And we feel that these
are things that are learned
at home in their commu-
nication pattern," she
Ms Taylor says that
.many persons in society
feel as ift the average age
of the Bahamian mother is
becoming younger, but
there are still many women
who wait until an older age
to have their children.
"But in terms of those who
are much younger, and it's
true for some who are a lit-
tle bit older too, they need
to be equipped with par-
enting skills." Though she
admits that younger moth-
ers who fit the cliche of
"babies having babies" are
less equipped, mentally
and socially.
"Someone at that partic-
ular age, a younger person,
they are still looking at
going out and having a
good time with their
friends," she observes.
"Mentally, how pre-
pared are they to cope and
deal with another baby?"
she asks. The simple solu-
tion, says Ms Taylor,
would be for a young
woman to protect herself
and wait until she is pre-
pared to handle a baby.,
But for any mother,
young or old, single or
married, Ms Taylor says
that a strong support sys-
tem and a good
family relationship is nec-
essary for effective parent-
"And at the end of the
day, there is a higher being
that we can always look to
for our sources of inspira-
tion. So regardless of what
situation we find ourselves
in, we can make mistakes
but we can also move from
them and move on in a
positive way," says Ms

....... ........................................................





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'Walking is simply

an all together better

way to start the day"

THOUSANDS of health-
conscious walkers turned out
on Saturday for Atlantic Med-
ical Insurance's "All Together
Better" Fun Walk 2005.
The annual event is held to
raise awareness that walking is
simply an all together better
way to start the day.
It was estimated that 2,000
walkers took part in this year's
Fun Walk.
The event, which stayed true
to the Fun Walk label, did not
allow running. And though
prizes were given out in several
categories, it was clear that it
was all in good fun.
At 6.30am sharp, the walkers
left Montagu Beach and con-
tinued west on Shirley Street,
north on Church Street, to the
new Paradise Island Bridge,
over the bridge to Ocean Club
Golf Course, and then back to
Montagu via the exit bridge and
along East Bay Street.
Darren Bastian, senior
account executive at Atlantic
Medical, and one of the co-ordi-
nators of the walk, told The Tri-
bune that the purpose of the
walk was to promote health and
wellness, and "sensitise" the
population on the importance
of living a healthy lifestyle.
"I think that a lot of the dis-
eases that are common in the
Bahamas are lifestyle-related,
but with more exercising and
eating healthy (the diseases) can
be eliminated," Mr Bastian

Health-conscious walkers turn out

for Atlantic Medical Insurance's 'All

Together Better' Fun Walk 2005

This year's walk was hosted
in conjunction with The
Bahamas Diabetic Association
and the Cancer Society of the
Along with a T-shirt and a
"Live Healthy" silicone wrist-
band, each participant had the
chance to win two round-trip
tickets to New York, courtesy of
JetBlue; a three-month mem-
bership at Better Bodies Gym;
and two three-month member-
ships to Weight Watchers.


Trophies were also awarded
in the following categories: A,
12 years and under; B, 13-18
years; C, 19-30 years; D, 31-45
years; E, 46-59, and F, 'Age
ain't nothing but a number" 60-
Lynda Gibson, executive
vice-president and general man-
ager of Atlantic Medical, said
that she had anticipated a huge
crowd, since walking is one of
the easiest and less intimidat-
ing forms of exercise.
"Walking is a very easy exer-
cise. Anybody can walk," she
noted. "Everybody can't run,
and it is not like the gym... I

find that if you walk around
your house 20 times a day that's
better than sitting on the couch.
You find that more people are
receptive to walking. Some peo-
ple are intimidated by going to
the gym, especially people who
are obese or think they need a
new wardrobe in order to start a
gym. But walking is for all of
us, everybody can do it."
Last Saturday's walk marked
Atlantic's seventh Fun Walk.
According to Ms Gibson, the
programme was initially
launched so that people would
be encouraged to "get into" an
exercise programme that
includes proper nutrition.
Each participant of the walk
received fruit and water at the
finish line.
Said Ms Gibson: "As you
know, you are what you eat.
What you eat equates to about
three quarters of weight loss
and good health. Fifteen per
cent is for exercise, so they go
hand-in-hand. What you try to
do with the exercise is to create
a caloric deficit, which is good.
But there are some people who
feel as if, 'well, I am exercising
(so) I can eat anything'. You
have to do both."

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Joining forces to spread

the message of 'safe sex'

Tribune Feature Writer
Social work
class from the
College of the
Bahamas has
joined forces
with the AIDS Foundation, the
Road Traffic Department and
Public Transit Authority in a
very unique way, in a bid to
spread the message of safe sex
,and remove the stigma of
HIV/AIDS in the Bahamas.
"'Most persons just see
HIV/AIDS as a medical prob-
lem. The bottom line is that it's
a result of social problems and
social behaviours. So it's 50 per
cent medical and 50 per cent
social and behavioural, and we
:tend to ignore that. We are not
looking at the real problem,"
says Darlene Cargill, lecturer
of the Social Dimensions of
HIV/AIDS class.
"We did a survey and it was
horrendous, the response of
employers, saying persons with
HIV/AIDS wouldn't work for
them, principals saying they
will never have a child in their
school with HIV/AIDS. So the.
ignorance is so much that we
felt that we had to do some-
thing. Because if we don't, we
will continue to decline, no
matter what medical measures
we have."
The group took its message
of safe sex to the streets last
Thursday in a landmark pro-
gramme dubbed, "Make a
Choice: Choose a Healthy
Lifestyle". Students gave away
1,000 "goody" bags to passen-
gers on 12 different bus routes,
from 7am-9am, and 3pm-5pm.
Ms Cargill led the morning
shift, and AIDS Foundation
president Camille Barnett was
on hand for the afternoon shift.
The participating students
were all mature and experi-
enced social workers who have
returned to the college in pur-
suit of their bachelor's degree
in social work. They remained
on the bus for the entire route.
Speaking on how the group
was received by the public, Ms
Cargill told Tribune Health: "I
can speak for my route, Cable
Beach, and it was very good.
As a matter of fact, the pas-


sengers got bags with (the
theme) on it, that was folded
over and tied with a ribbon, so,
it's not like they were just being
handed pamphlets on
HIV/AIDS. Within the' bags
were the pamphlets and there
are condoms, but we also had
deodorant, shampoos, candies
and things like that."
Each bus driver was given an
educational CD to play on the
route. The disc opens with a
song by Tanya Stevens, "Think
It Over", followed by words
from the lecturer.
"On it, I do a speech on
making life choices, addressing
the issue of drugs, health, absti-
nence, protecting yourself, talk-
ing about how the choice you
make today affects your
lifestyle for tomorrow. For

example, those with
HIV/AIDS can never qualify
for a mortgage. I talk about
young people choosing friends
and making the right choices.
It's basically just to appeal to
these people to choose to live a
healthy life and to think before
they make that decision in one
minute," says Ms Cargill.
The idea for the bus ride
came out of a HIV/AIDS sem-
inar in Miami, which the class
participated in last year. Other
participants in that seminar
conducted a similar exercise on
the "metro rail" and buses, dis-
tributing only condoms.
"But in this society, we get a
little holy sometimes, so we
couldn't just rightly go out
there and distribute condoms.
So we decided to focus on mak-
ing a choice, choosing a healthy
lifestyle," Ms Cargill explained.
"The bus system is the only


system in this country that can
take us across the entire
(island), reaching a much wider
audience (and) getting different
age groups and classes of peo-
ple. We know that the most
prevalent rate of increase now
is between persons 15 to 29
(years of age), so when we
looked at that, we saw that our
present workforce (many of
whom catch the bus) has been
affected, and our future work-
force will be devastated if
something isn't done now."
The idea was pitched to Mrs
Barnett after she had made a
presentation to the class. She
applauded the team's efforts
and hopes that last week's pro-
gramme is not the last of the
"bus rides for safe sex".
When it came to this pro-

gramme, Mrs Barnett says that
there are several messages to
"For the teenagers, the first
message of course is abstinence
and then the second message
is, if you choose not to abstain
then you must practice safer
sex. For the adults, we are say-
ing be involved in a commit-
ted, monogamous relationship.
But if you are not going to be
in a committed relationship,
then you also have to practice
safer sex. You need to use a
condom," she explains.
Mrs Barnett says that senior
high school students were also
targeted in this effort because
many of them are having sex
as well.
"In fact we know that they
are sexually active even
younger than senior high
school, but you are treading on
dangerous ground when you

talk about this. But we know
that they are sexually active.
There is no guessing game. We
can tell by the kids that are get-
ting pregnant," she notes.
"We are being realistic, and
people must not think that
because we are giving them a
goody bag that has a condom in
it that we are telling them to
go out and have sex if they
don't want to have sex. What
we are really saying is that if
you are going to be sexually
active, this is a tool that you
need. You need to protect
"In the best of all possible
worlds, we want them to
abstain until they get married,
but we are not living in that
kind of world. We have to be

'I won't let them take i

Tribune Feature Writer
FOR more than a decade, a local hospital has been trying to
encourage more Bahamians to participate in organ donation.
But organ donation still remains a sensitive topic in this country.
"The Bahamas, in general, has not bought into the idea of
organ donation. I think this is largely due to lack of awareness and
also some misconceptions about organ donation," Dorcena Nixon,
vice-president of patient care services at Doctors Hospital told Tri-
bune Health.
Since the early 1990s, the hospital has partnered with the Life
Alliance Organ Recovery Agency (LAORA) of The University
of Miami, Florida, an organ recovery organisation.
It assists with the identification of potential organ donors,
training hospital-designated requesters, approaching families
regarding eye, tissue and organ donation, coordinating organ
procurement activities, and providing educational and quality
assurance services that are related to organ donation, among
other things, Mrs Nixon explains.
In conjunction with LAORA, Doctors Hospital has been host-
ing yearly public educational seminars, where brain death, the spe-
cific criteria for organ and tissue donation, the process of procur-
ing the organs, and the care of the donor and the donor's family,
are discussed.
The most recent organ donation session was held last April. This
year's session is planned for July at a date to be announced.
While the joint effort seeks to make Bahamians more com-
fortable with donating their organs in the event of death, Mrs
Nixon notes that organ donation is still a personal decision that
should be made very carefully. "It is usually an informed, well
thought out decision that has been discussed with family mem-
In Bahamian culture, there are many myths regarding organ
donation, she says. And these myths are the "primary" reason why

my kidney'

many Bahamians make the decision not to donate their organs, or
family members refuse to give their consent for donations.
At Doctors Hospital, donations are never taken without per-
mission from the family.
Said Mrs Nixon: "We have addressed the major religions in the
Bahamas, and donation by those groups is seen as a gift of love
and of life, and they all expressed a willingness to share the views
of their religion regarding organ donation to anyone expressing an
interest. All religious denominations supporting organ donation
also recognise the decision as personal. Also, donations are nev-
er undertaken without the consent of the next of kin."
According to Mrs Nixon, one person is added to the trans--,
plant waiting list every 13 minutes in the United States. Since?
organs are obviously in demand, she says that she "unwavering-
ly" supports organ donation.
"I see organ donation as a donation to life one tissue can ben-
efit numerous recipients and vastly improve their quality of life," ;
she adds.
Organ donation is not something that is a concern only in for-
eign countries. According to Ms Nixon, certain diseases of the kid-
neys, heart, lungs, pancreas and liver are common in the Bahamas
and often lead to the need for transplantation.
"Close to 200 patients in the Bahamas are currently on dialysis,.
because of kidney failure; these persons could benefit from kid-'
ney transplants," Mrs Nixon notes.
"A single organ donor can save the lives of up to eight persons'
by donating heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, kidneys, and intestines..,
One tissue donor can improve the lives of more than 50 persons,
by donating eyes, bone, soft tissue, heart valves, veins and skin.
Organ donation saves lives and improves the quality of life for,
many," she adds.
Ms Nixon quoted the poem To Remember Me... by Robert N%

See DONATION, Page 6C.

Myths and facts

about organ and

tissue donation
Myth: Doctors will not try to save my life if they know I
want to be a donor.
Fact: The medical staff trying to save lives is completely
separate from the transplant team. Donation takes place and
transplant surgeons are called in only after all efforts to
save a life have been exhausted and death is imminent or has
been declared.
Myth: People can recover from brain death.
Fact: People can recover from comas, but not brain death.
Coma and brain death are not the same. Brain death is
Myth: Organ distribution discriminates by ethnicity.
Fact: Organs are matched by factors, including blood and
tissue typing, which can vary by race. Patients are more
likely to find matches among donors of their same race or
Myth: I am too old to donate organs and tissues.
See MYTHS, Page 6C

IL~1B1f~~ li i: I-III~-~-~bE~~X*s~:~'.



0 PICTURED are inembers of flic
group who took their inessage to the
streets in a programme dubbed
"Make a Choice: Choose a liealthA
Lifestyle". Students gai c aN a v 1,006
"goody" bags to passengers on 12
different bus routes.
(Photo: Nlario Duricallson/



'The survival and well-being

of mothers and children'

The survival and
well being of
mothers and chil-
dren are not only
important in their
own right, but are also central
to solving much broader eco-
nomic, social and developmen-
tal challenges.
When mothers and children
die or are sick, their families,
communities and nation suffer
as well. Improving the survival
and well being of mothers and
children will not only increase
the health of societies, it will
also decrease inequity and
Ill health is one of the prin-
cipal reasons why households
become poor and remain poor.
Sick mothers and children
require increased family expen-
diture. Fees and other out-of-
pocket costs are a significant
deterrent for families seeking
health care, leading to danger-
ous delays in seeking help out-

side of the household, particu-
larly for children and pregnant
The government of the
Bahamas has and continues to
demonstrate its commitment to
improving the health and well
being of women and children
in our society. It undertakes
every available measure to min-
imise and, where possible, pre-
vent such occurrences among
this population.
Health care services are and
have always been free for chil-
dren 14 years and younger. In
the late 1990s health care was
made free of personal cost, to
every pregnant woman resid-
ing in the islands of this Com-
When a mother is sick or
dies, her productive contribu-
tion to the home, workforce,
economy and society is lost,
and the survival and education
of her children are jeopardised.
Every year an estimated one

Control your

blood pressure

pressure means healthy kid-
neys. Pills can help you con-
trol your blood pressure and
slow down kidney damage.
For other prevention
methods to avoid kidney
problems, be sure to have
any other kidney tests that
your doctor orders. See a
doctor? bladder or kidney
infections right away.
You may have an infec-
tion if you have these symp-
toms: pain or burning when
you go to the bathroom, fre-
quent urge to go to the bath-
room, urine that looks
cloudy or reddish, fever or a
shaky feeling, pain in your
back or on your side below
your ribs.
Follow a healthy eating
plan that you and your doc-
tor or dieitian have worked
out. Be active a total of 30

minutes four times per week.
Ask your doctor what activ-
ities are best for you.
If you are on medication
for diabetes, take your dia-
betes medicines at the same
times each day. Check your
blood glucose every day.
Each time you check your
blood glucose, write the
number in .ybur record book.
Check your feet every day
for cuts, blisters, sores,
swelling, redness or sore toe-
nails. Don't smoke,. Brush
and floss your teeth and
gums every day.
For more information on
high blood pressure, "The
Silent Killer" Dr Judson
Eneas will host the Distin-
guished Lecture Series, a
free public health lecture, at
Doctors Hospital, this
Thursday April 21 at 6pm.
Source: Doctors Hospital


Doctors Hospital Distin-
guished Lecture Series:
High blood pressure affects
one in four adults. Distin-
guished physician Dr Jud-
son Eneas will discuss
"Hypertension, the Silent
Killer Exposed" on Thurs-
day, April 21 at 6pm in the
Doctors Hospital confer-
ence room. This lecture
will increase awareness and
educate persons about how
to prevent, treat, and man-
age high blood pressure as
well as the related cardio-
vascular diseases. The lec-
ture is free to the general
public. Free blood pressure,
cholesterol and glucose
screenings will be performed
between 5pm and 6pm. To
ensure available seating
RSVP 302-4603.

The Cancer Society of the
Bahamas meets at 5.30pm
on the second Tuesday of
each month at their Head-
quarters at East Terrace,
Centreville. Call 323-4482
for more info.

REACH Resources &
Education for Autism and
related Challenges meets
from 7pm 9pm the second
Thursday of each month in
the cafeteria of the BEC
building, Blue Hill Road.

MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Bahamas meets the third
Monday every month, 6pmr

@ Doctors Hospital confer-
ence room.

The Bahamas Diabetic
Association meets every
third Saturday, 2.30pm
(except August and Decem-
ber) @ the Nursing School,
Grosvenor Close, Shirley

Doctors Hospital, the offi-
cial training centre of the
American Heart Associa-
tion offers CPR classes cer-
tified by the AHA.
The course defines the
warning signs of respirato-
ry arrest and gives preven-
tion strategies to avoid sud-
den death syndrome and the
most common serious
injuries and choking that can
occur in adults, infants and
CPR and First Aid classes
are offered every third Sat-
urday of the month from
9am-lpm. Contact a Doc-
tors Hospital Community
Training Representative at
302-4732 for more informa-
tion and learn to save a life

Alcoholics Anonymous
meets @ 16 Rosetta St,
Monday-Friday and Sunday,
6pm-7pm & 8.30pm-9.30pm,
and on Saturday, 10am-
11am & 6pm-7pm &
8.30pm-9.30pm; @ Sacred
Heart Catholic Church,
Shirley St, on Friday at 6pm.

million young children die as a
result of death from their moth-
In households where a moth-
er had died during the previ-
ous 12 months, children spend
significantly less time in school
as compared to children from
households where the mother
has not died.
Good child health is impera-
tive for economic and social
development. It is estimated
that for every dollar invested
in child health, seven dollars
are returned through reduced
spending on social welfare and
increased productivity of young
people and adults. When a
child is sick or dies, both the
child's family and society suffer.
Frequent illness and malnu-
trition negatively affect cogni-
tive development, body size
and strength of young children.
This reduces final educational
achievement as well as produc-
tivity and work capacity in lat-
er life.
It is against this background,
that government seeks to con-
tinually ensure that all of the
factors that impact the health of
mothers and children are ade-
quately addressed through its
varied agencies inclusive of
health care and social welfare
services, as well as through the
provision of adequate educa-
tion opportunities for (future)
mothers; to enhance their
knowledge and skill for their
role in the society.
The lives of millions of
women and children can be
saved using the knowledge we
have today. The challenge is to
transform this knowledge into
Effective knowledge and
tools exist to reduce suffering
and death in women and chil-
drep. However, to rwake a rea"iM
difference this knowledge
(about the factors that con-
tribute to ill health and death)
and the tools (medical services
and supplies, equipment, health
care services, social and psy-
chological support networks,
financial aid and political advo-
cacy) must reach all mothers
and children who are in need of
Experience .has shown that
known interventions are afford-
able and can be delivered, to
mothers and children even in
the poorest countries. At the
same time, international agree-
ments such as the United
Nations Millennium Declara-
tion and the Convention on the
Rights of the Child, have paved
the way for removing impor-
tant obstacles to the wide-
spread delivery of life-saving
knowledge and tools.
Globally, not enough moth-
ers and children are receiving
existing and affordable inter-
ventions. For example, global-
ly, a skilled attendant assists
just 61 per cent of births, while
in some low-income countries
the average is as low as 34 per
Gratefully, the Bahamas can
b6ast of the availability and
accessibility of health care ser-
vices to all mother and chil-
dren, and the availability of

adequate skilled health and
social welfare personnel to sat-
isfactorily meet the needs of its
mother and child population.
Despite an appreciable deficit
in the availability of psycho-
logical services to adequately
meet the growing demands for
such services within the gov-
ernment health care facilities,
there is adequate availability
of such services when assess-
ing the national availability of
such service.
To reduce maternal deaths
dramatically, all women need
access to high quality delivery
care with at least three key ele-
ments: skilled care at birth
emergency obstetric care in
case of complications, and a
functioning referral system
which ensures access to emer-
gency care if needed. All of
these are available in the
Bahamas, to all residents.
Another key solution is helping
women to avoid unplanned
pregnancies and births.
Family planning is an inte-
gral part of the services avail-
able to all women in the
Bahamas free of charge. How-

ever, many women find them-
selves in an unplanned and in
some instances unwanted preg-
nancy. There is no clear or per-
fect solution to such situations
as the life experience of women
varies with age and other rela-
tional, social, religious, educa-
tional and economic factors.
Women can be encouraged to
protect themselves and to gain
assistance with the knowledge
and skill necessary for family
planning; however, there are
several external factors that
play an important role in what
women do or do not do when it
comes to planning their family.
The concept of family planning
suggests that there is a wife and
husband arrangement; often
time this is not the case. Unfor-
tunately, a discussion about
sexual intimacy is not common
place in our society even
amongst married people.
Women talk with women, men
talk with men, or men and
women talk about other peo-
ple's experiences but seldom
about themselves among them-
selves as a couple; and in some
circles such discussion is con-
sidered taboo (unheard of). Sex
and procreation are natural
processes, integral parts of
human existence, the essence
of life itself, and deserves deep
thought and planning.
Planning a family is as impor-

tant as planning a marriage,
purchasing a home or choos-
ing a career. It is not a man's
privilege or a woman's right. It
communicates values and
beliefs. It makes a statement
about the priorities in one's life,
and speaks to the ability of indi-
viduals to make decisions -
whether sound or otherwise.
Ordinarily it requires contact
and exchange between two
individuals of diverse back-
grounds. The outcome is high-
ly dependent on what is or not
said and done by those persons
involved in the relationship.
Whatever the style or circum-
stances governing the relation-
ship, the planning of a family
not be left to chance.

Preventative and Curative
Interventions and appropriate
home care
Globally, more than six mil-
lion children could be saved
each year if they were reached
by a small set of preventive and
curative interventions (for
example, vaccines and simple
treatments for common serious
illnesses) and appropriate
home care. Appropriate home
care includes optimal feeding
practices, such as breastfeed-
ing infants exclusively for the

first six months of life, intro-
ducing adequate complemen-
tary foods at six months of age
and continuing to breastfeed
up to two years or longer.
Appropriate home care also
involves key health practices
such as using insecticide-treat-
ed materials to prevent the
transmission of malaria and giv-
ing appropriate home treat-
ment for infections. The
Bahamas experience as it
relates to these health concerns
does not hold great signifi-
cance, in that more and more
mothers are engaging in exclu-
sive breastfeeding.
With regards to Malaria,
there is no real threat to our
population generally, thanks to
the vigilance of the Department
of Environmental Health and
the Surveillance Team of the
Department of Public Health.
There are however, some con-
cerns with regards to home care
in that there are still too many
children ingesting non-food
materials, resulting in the need
for hospitalisation and in a few
instances death. Hence the
need at this time, to encourage
parents and care givers to
ensure that all non-food mate-
rial, and items used as toys are
free of agents that could prove
toxic, are kept out of the reach
of children including those
that are small enough for the


Donation (From page 5C)

Test, an American poet:
Th1e day will come when a doctor will
determine that my brain has ceased to func-
tion and that, for all intents and purposes,
my life has stopped.
When that happens, give my sight to the
man who has never seen a sunrise, a baby's
face or love in the eyes of a woman. Give
my heart to a person whose own heart has
caused, nothing but endless days of pain.
Give my kidneys to the one who depends on
a machine from week to week. Take my
bones every muscle, every fibre and nerve in
my body and find a way to make a crippled
child Walk.
Explore every corner of my brain. Take
my cells, if necessary, and let them grow
so that, spmeday, a speechless boy will shout
at the crack of a bat and a deaf girl will
hear the sound of rain against her window.
Burn what is'left of me and scatter the ash-
es to the winds to help the flowers grow......
According to Mrs Nixon, in most states
in the US, information on organ donation
and the opportunity to complete an organ
donor card is provided to every person
who receives a new driver's licence or ID
card. But it is "unfortunate" that organ
donation has not been addressed in
Bahamian legislation.

The Princess Margaret Hospital does
not offer the option to donate organs.
At Doctors Hospital, as in any hospital
where organ donation is available, donors
carry a wallet-sized card containing infor-
mation about what organs and tissues they
wish to donate. It is signed by the donor
and two witnesses. But Mrs Nixon reiter-

"The Bahamas, in general,
has not bought into the
idea of organ donation. I
think this is largely due to
lack of awareness and
also some misconceptions
about organ donation."
Dorcena Nixon

ates that an organ will not be taken without
the family's consent.
"Filling out the information on the card,
signing and carrying the card helps to
ensure that one's wishes are acknowl-
edged," Mrs Nixon explains. "But a per-
son's next of kin must be notified of his/her
intentions to become a donor."

child to accidentally swallow.
Another concern is the num-
ber of children who suffer ill
health as a result of preventable
falls. Often they occur as a
result of adults or older chil-
dren placing a child, who has
no knowledge or understand-
ing of the danger involved, in
places that are not safe (with-
out direct supervision) such as
in walkers on patios that are
not barricaded (with walls, or
rails) or sitting them on high
places such as chairs/stools and
table or counter tops and leav-
ing them there (many times
unintentionally and for only a
brief period). Drowning and'
near drowning are also major
adverse outcomes of poor
homecare seen within our pop-
ulation. Although not common
in occurrence, each experience:
generates deep despair for the.
family and the society as a
whole. It is therefore recom-
mended that infants and very
young children not be left unat-
tended at any time.
It is unfprtunate that despite
the enactment of laws to pro-
tect children and the intensifi-
cation of penalties against per- I
petrators, too many children in
our society are subjected to
physical, sexual and emotional
abuse. Most unfortunate is the
fact that in many instances the
perpetrators are persons who
ought to primary protectors. In
similar manner women suffer
abuse from those whom they
least expect. More and more
women and children find them-
selves at the mercy of others
,and still there are others who
find their life situation to be
hopeless because of the
absence of support and assis-
tance from persons or groups of
persons from whom they would
normally expect.
The pursuit of health is one
-that should not be left to
chance or some external entity.
Whether individuals perceives
and accepts it or not, with the
exception of children who rely
heavily on responsible adults
to secure their health and well-
being, the key person in con-
trol of determining the health
outcome of a persons health is
that is that individual, him or
herself. Whilst many factors
impact one's health (education,
genetics, social and economics
circumstances, and emotional
stability amongst others), it is
the ability of the individual to
manage those factors that will
determine the final outcome.
Nevertheless, no man is an;
island. Humans need each oth-
er in order to survive. -

*For additional information..
on factors impacting the health
and well being of mothers and,=
children and the role you cans
play, contact the Maternal and'
Child Health Coordinator at-2
the Department of Public4
Health, Ministry of Health atf
telephone number 502-4778;
The Health Education Division?
of The Ministry of Health at:-
Telephone numbers 502-4836-
or 502-4763 or, you may con-'
tact any member of the Mater."
nal and Child Health team of]
the Ministry of Health at a-
health care facility nearest your'

Myths (From 5C)

Fact: People of all ages may be organ
and tissue donors. Physical condition,
not age, is important. Physicians will
decide whether your organs and tis-
sues can be transplanted.

Myth: My family will be charged for
donating my organs.
Fact: Donation costs are not the
responsibility of the donor's family or

Myth: Donation will disfigure my
Fact: Organs and tissues are removed
in procedures similar to surgery, and all
incisions are closed at the conclusion of
the surgery. An open casket funeral is
possible after donation.

Adapted from:
(The official US government web site
for organ and tissue donation and trans-

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:opyrighted Material
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* *






on gardening

* EVEN hybrid Hibiscus
(pictured left) plants are
easy to propagate from
* TO take cuttings from
Frangipani (pictured
below right) it is best to
break a branch off at a
joint and then let the cut-
ting lie in the sun for three
or four days to dry out a
little before planting.
tured bottom left) is an
excellent plant from
which to take cuttings.
Remove all thorns before

'Very simple method

of taking




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