The Baldwin Ubrary
WITH THE CHILDREN,
THEOLOGY BY OBJECT LESSONS.
REV. 0. E. MALLORY, A. M.
"WITHOUT A PARABLE SPAKE HE NOT UNTO THEM."
Matt. xiii: 34.
SAffectionately dedicated to my wife, whose tireless
effort in the religious training of our children, has
been largely the inspiration of this Dook.
O. E. M.
Orson E. Mallory.
"An ounce of Mother is worth a pound of Priestcraft in the
religious education of the young." This old Spanish proverb will
never become obsolete, for it holds too many grains of truth.
God has ordained the parent to be the religious teacher of the
child. "Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and
in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they
may be as frontlets between your eyes. And ye shall teach them
your children, speaking of them when thou sittest in thine house, and
when thou walkest by the way, when thou liest down, and when thou
risest up."-Deut. xi: 18, 20.
This work, which God has appointed for the parent, can never be
done by proxy. The object of this book is to assist the parent in
this religious instruction, and is designed for sabbath afternoon with the
children. The truth in each lesson is condensed as far as possible,
and yet hold the attention of the child; for it is intended to be sug-
gestive. Some parts of it are above the child, and intentionally so,
that other questions may be started which will need explanation, and
lead to the reading of the lesson from the Bible and general conver-
satiorl upon it. We believe that these sabbath hours may be so
spent as to lay the foundation of a moral and religious character,
and leave the most sacred memories with the child for a life-time.
The book happily combines four elements essential in the religious
training of the young.
FIRST: It gives the chief links in the chain of Bible history.
SECOND: It is, in brief, a system of theology.
THIRD: It is a catechism.
FOURTH: It is a book of object lessons.
We have many books representing individual features of this, but
we have seen none representing this combination. It is made attract-
ive to the child, and yet some great truth or doctrine is set forth in
every lesson, fixing it indelibly on the mind of the child. Many
Christians are failing sadly in this work of religiously training the
young and looking for their early conversion. They feel this lack,
and are anxiously inquiring, how can I interest and instruct my child
in these great things? To answer this inquiry this little book has
been prepared, and we send it forth with humble hopes that it has a
blessed. mission to fulfill.
CREATION . . PAGE 9
-FALL OF MAN .. . . 13
BANISHED FROM PARADISE . . 17
SINFUL NA TURE OF MAN . . . 21
GOD'S HATRED OF SIN.. . . 25
COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM . . 29
COVENANT RENEWED WITH JACOB . . 33
GOD PRESERVING HIS PEOPLE IN FAMINE .. .. 37
CALL OF MOSES . 41
GOD REMEMBERING HIS COVENANT ... . 45
COD DELIVERING HIS PEOPLE... . . 49
GOD WITH HIS PEOPLE . 53
COD GIVING THE LAW TO MOSES . 57
THE LAW ON IDOLA TRY .. ... 61
THE LAW ON IMAGE WORSHIP..... . 65
TIHE LAW ON PROFANITY.... . 69
THE LAW ON THE SABBATH . . 73
THE LAW ON DUTIES OF CHILDREN . . 77
THE LAW ON MURDER . .. . 8r
THE LAW ON ADULTERY .. . 85
THE LAW ON STEALING . . . .89
THE LA W ON FALSEHOOD . . 93
THE LAW ON CO V TING . . 97
ATONEMENT FOR SIN UNDER THE LAW .
YESUS BORN .........
JESUS WORSHIPED . .
JESUS PERSECUTED .
JESUS' WISDOM .. .
JESUS BAPTIZED .. ....
JESUS TEMPTED. . . .
JESUS DIVINVE. . .....
JESUS WITH THE CHILDREN . .
JESUS, MASTER OF THE SEA . .
yESUS, MASTER OF SICKNESS . .
JESUS, MASTER OF DEVILS . .
JESUS, MASTER OF DEATH . .. ..
JESUS IN GETHSEMANE . .
JESUS BETRAYED . .
JESUS CRUCIFIED . .... *
JESUS RISING FROM THE DEAD . * .
JESUS ASCENDING TO HEAVEN . .
OUTPOURING OF THE SPIRIT . .
REPENTANCE . . * .
THE NEW BIRTH .
EARLY PIETY ... ** **
PRAYER .. ..
OBEDIENCE . .. *..
THE JUDGMENT....... ......
-'-- ~' --I
ADAM AND EVE IN PARADISE.
I want to tell you, dear children, all about the great
and good God,--some of the wonderful things- he has
done; I know you want to hear about him, for he is
our Creator, our loving Father, and Savior.
The Bible tells us that he created all things. He
made this beautiful world with all it contains, and made
it for our good and pleasure. He made the bright sun to
give us light by day, the pale moon and the beautiful stars
to give us light by night. He made the sweet flowers
and put all the beautiful colors on them, that they might
be pleasing to our eye, and gave them their fragrance, that
we might take pleasure in smelling them. He made
the pleasant fruits for us to eat. The apples, the pears,
the peaches, and everything that delights our taste, that
we might take pleasure in eating.
He made the birds to sing to us so sweetly. He
gave us the docile horse to draw our burdens; the cow to
give us milk; and sheep that we might have the wool to
make our clothes. Surely God is very great, and very
After God had created the beasts of the field, the
fowls of the air and the fish of the sea, he created
Adam and Eve, the first man and woman; and where do
you think he placed them; in a house such as we have ?
No, in a beautiful garden, as we see them in the picture,
where they were surrounded with birds and flowers and
fruits, and everything needful to make them happy. God
gave them rule over all he had created, but required of
them, that they should love, serve, and obey him. Was
it not right that he should ask this, after all he had done
for them ?
They were to tend the garden and keep it beautiful.
They were perfectly happy; for as yet they had done no
wrong. Their hearts were full of love and joy like the
angels. If God came to meet them in the garden, they
ran with delight to meet him, for they were not afraid.
They were pure and innocent, and so could not fear.
How nice it would be now, dear children, to have our
hearts so pure and free from sin, that we should never be
afraid of God; that we could always come into his pres-
ence with delight. It is only our wrong-doing that makes
us afraid, and leads us to feel that we would like to get
out of his sight. How sad it was that Adam and Eve
ever lost their beautiful home, and so filled the earth with
sorrow and suffering ever since because of their sin. I
will tell you dear children more about their sad ruin in
the next lesson.
CREA TION. I
"In the beginning God created the heavens and the
earth."-GEN. i: I.
Q. Who created all things ?
A. The great God.
Q. How do we know this?
A. The Bible says so.
Q. What do the works of God teach us ?
A. That he has almighty power.
Q. How do we know that God is good ?
A. Because he made all things for us to enjoy.
Q. Over what has God given man rule ?
A. Over all he has created.
Q. Where did God place Adam ?
A. In the Garden of Eden.
Q. Why were they perfectly happy ?
A. Because they knew no sin.
Q. How then came sorrow into this world ?
A. By disobedience to God..
EATING THE FORBIDDEN FRUIT.
FALL OF MAN.
Here we have a very sad story. It is the story of
the first sin that man ever committed. See, Eve is hand-
ing the fruit to Adam, which God commanded them not
to eat. Why does she do it?
God had placed'them in the beautiful Garden, and*
told them that they might eat of every tree in the Garden,
except one. If they ate of that tree, they should surely
die." To die here means to destroy their peace with God,
and lose their happy state.
The great tempter, the Devil, in the form of a serpent
(for this is the way he appeared to them), tried to make-
Eve believe that God did not mean what he said. He
told her that they would be wiser if they should eat; so.
she believed the Devil, and disobeyed God. She gave to.
Adam, and they both ate, and fell. They knew that they
had sinned, and were made afraid. Instead of running to
meet God now, as they had done, they hid themselves
from his face when he came to the Garden. 0, how-
unhappy they were! All peace and joy gone out of their
hearts. How glad they would have been to have taken
back what they had done; but it was impossible. They
had disobeyed God, and destroyed the harmony they had-
with him and his universe.
This makes them wretched and unhappy. You know
14 FALL OF MAN.
when sister was playing on the piano the other day, one
of the keys got out of tune, and you remember how terri-
bly it sounded, and how it spoiled all the music. So,
when our first parents sinned they were, in God's world,
just like the discordant key in the piano; it was no longer
harmony and happiness, but discord and sorrow. I don't
know, dear children, as you just understand me; but this
is what I want you to see,- that by disobedience man
has made all his own trouble.
We never can be made happy again, only as we have
a new heart; and this Jesus will give us, if we ask him
in faith, for this is what God promised immediately after
Adam and Eve had sinned. God told them that "the
seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's head." He
meant by this that Jesus, who was to be born of a woman,
should at last destroy this sad work, which the Devil had
wrought by tempting our first parents to sin.
The promise of a Savior was at last fulfilled; and
Jesus died on the cross for us, that we might be saved in
heaven, if we give our hearts to him.
As Satan tempted our first parents, so we read that
he is still "going about as a roaring lion, seeking whom
he may devour." It is this great enemy who comes to
you, children, to tempt you to say naughty words, or to
deceive your papa or mama, by telling wrong stories.
We are told to say to this enemy, "get thee behind me,
Satan," and he will flee from us. He surely will, if we
ask Jesus to help us.
FALL OF MAN. 15
"But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou
shall not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest
thereof, thou shall surely die."-GEN. ii: I7.
Q. Who committed the first sin ?
A. Adam and Eve.
Q. How did they sin?
A. By eating of the forbidden fruit.
Q. Who tempted them ?
A. That great serpent, the Devil.
Q. What was the effect of sin?
A. To make them afraid of God, and very unhappy.
Q. What is sinful man like in this world?
A. Like a discordant key in a musical instrument.
Q. What promise did God give them, after they had
A. The promise of a Savior, to save them from their
SQ. How can we come back to God again?
A. By believing in Jesus, and having a new heart.
Q. By whom are we now tempted?
A. By the same enemy that tempted them.
Q. Who has promised to give us victory over him?
A. Jesus, the mighty Savior.
DRIVEN FROM PARADISE.
BANISHED FROM PARADISE.
Here is an angel with a drawn sword in his hand.
See, he is driving Adam and Eve out of the beautiful
garden, where they have been so happy. Why does he
do this ?
We learned, in our last lesson, that they disobeyed
God, and lost their purity. So God would not let them
live any longer in Eden, but sent his angel to drive them
out.. See, they are weeping sorely. How terrible a thing
God has pronounced his curse upon them. The
woman he tells, that he will greatly multiply her sorrow;
and the man, that the earth shall be cursed beneath his
feet. It should grow thorns and thistles, and all kinds of
weeds, compelling him to work hard to earn his bread.
God told him that in the sweat of thy face shalt thou
eat bread." It is because of sin that we have to labor and
toil and- suffer so much.
When God had driven Adam and Eve out of Para-
dise, they could not go back again. Was it not very sad ?
They would have done anything in the world to have
returned to holiness and happiness, but it was impossible.
18 BANISHED FROM PARADISE.
We can do things that we cannot undo. You have
power to take an axe and cut off your fingers, but you have
no power to make them grow on again, but must go
maimed through life. Adam had power to ruin his soul,
but he had not power to restore it again.' But God so
loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son that
whosoever believeth in Him, need not perish, but have
everlasting life." He can save us, even if we have been
great sinners, and bring us back to heaven again, if we
accept Jesus to be our Savior.
Just think of it, children; when Adam and Eve had
sinned, God would not allow them to remain in his pres-
ence, but drove them out of Eden, which he had made so
beautiful and glorious for their home. Now if God would
not allow them to be in his holy presence while in their
sins, how is it possible for him to receive sinners back
into his presence, until they are cleansed in the blood of
Sin has made all our sorrow. Every time you weep,
remember it has been caused by sin. Every time you
are sick, or look upon death, remember sin brought it all
into.the world. What sad ruin sin has brought upon
us! But, 0, how precious to know, that Jesus canforgive
us, and cleanse us, and make us as pure as the angels
Again Will you not ask him'to do it?
BANISHED FROM PARADISE.
" Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the gar-
den of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was
taken."- GEN. iii: 23.
Q. Who were driven from Paradise ?
A. Adam and Eve.
Q. Why were they driven out?
A. Because they had sinned.
Q. What else did God do to them?
A. He pronounced a curse upon them.
Q. What was the curse?
A. Toil and suffering.
Q. What did God, in his great love for them, do?
A. Gave his son Jesus Christ to save them.
Q. What has made all the sorrow and trouble in this
A. It is sin.
Q. How can we be saved from our sins, and be happy
A. By accepting this same Jesus to be our Savior.
CAIN SLAYING HIS BROTHER.
SINFUL NATURE OF MAN.
We see, in this picture, two young men; one has a.
club in his hand, the other lies on the ground as if dead.
Who are they? Their names are Cain and Abel. They
are the first children born to.Adam and Eve. Cain, the
older one, is a murderer. How very sad that the first
man born into this world was a murderer. He killed his
This is the way it was done: The brothers came, one
Sabbath morning, to worship the Lord, each bringing an
offering to the altar. Cain brought the fruits he had
raised from the field, thinking his works would be accept-
able to God; but Abel brought a lamb from the flock, and
slew it, and burned it on the altar. His offering was
pleasing to God, for it was an offering of blood to repre-
sent, by faith, Jesus, who in after years should die for our
God showed his favor to Abel's offering in some way,
we don't know just how, but probably by sending fire from
heaven to burn up the sacrifice, just as he did upon the
altar of Elijah.
When Cain saw that God had showed favor to his
brother's offering and not to his, he was filled with jeal-
22 SINFUL NATURE OF MAN.
ousy, and was greatly enraged, so that he struck his
brother with a club, or some weapon, and killed him.
0, how their father and mother must have felt, when
they knew their dear boy was dead! But this did not
hurt them half as much as to know that their other boy
was a murderer. Would you not much rather hear that
your brother was dead than to hear that he had, in anger,
killed some other boy? I am sure I should. These
were the sad fruits of sin, which began so soon to be
We see, by the conduct of Cain, that he had a wicked
heart. The sinful nature of the parents, we now find in
the child. The parents disobeyed God by eating of the
forbidden fruit, and the child disobeyed also, only in a
more wicked act. We have the same sinful nature, and
wicked hearts, much like Cain.
Your schoolmate may do better than you, and be
given a better place in the class; you know that there is
a kind of jealous, ugly feeling inside, and you almost wish
them dead, or that something would happen to them.
This is just the feeling which Cain had, only his was so
strong that it led him to strike the blow which killed his
brother. We have a great many ugly, naughty feelings,.
which show that our natures are sinful, much like Cain's.
We could never be happy with such natures in heaven,
and this is why Jesus has said, Except a man be born
again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." We need a
SINFUL NATURE OF MAN.
"And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in
the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts
of his heart was only evil continually."- GEN. vi: 5.
Q. Who have sinful natures ?
A. All mankind.
Q. How.was this seen?
A. In Cain, who slew his brother.
Q. Why did he kill his brother?
A. Because he was jealous of him.
Q. What do we mean by sinful natures?
A. Hearts opposed to God.
Q. How do we show it?
A. By our sinful thoughts and acts.
Q. What do we all need?
A. A new heart.
Q. How may we obtain it?
A. By believing on the Lord Jesus Christ.
Q. What will this do for us ?
A. It will bring us back to heaven and happiness.
GOD'S HATRED OF SIN.
Children, you have heard about the flood, when God
drowned all the people on the earth, but Noah and his
family. How terrible was the scene! All the men, the
women, the children, the animals and the birds, all living
creatures were drowned in the flood.
Surely God must have been very angry with man.
Why do you think it was? It was because he was so
sinful. This sinful nature, we learned about in our last
lesson, which led Cain to kill his brother, had led the
people into such wickedness that there were no righteous
ones to be found on the earth, save Noah and his family.
This is why God was so angry with the race, and sent the
flood to drown them.
He told Noah to build a great boat for himself and
family, and take into it also, two of every kind of beast
and bird. When all were in the ark, God shut the door
himself, so they were safe.
Then the rain began to pour down, and we see the
people climbing to the hilltops to escape the flood, but the
water follows them until the top of every mountain is
covered, and every living thing has perished, except those
26 GOD'S HATRED OF SIN.
that were in the ark. We see by this terrible judgment,
how God hates sin.
When we see the great wickedness of men now, we
might fear that God would send another flood, if he had
not promised that he never would. When Noah came
out of the ark, God set the beautiful rainbow in the
clouds, and told him that this should be the token of his
promise, that he would never send another flood. How
glad they were of this promise, for without it they would
always have been afraid when they saw the dark clouds
gathering, fearing that another flood might be coming.
Now whenever they saw the beautiful rainbow in. the sky,
they remembered the promise of God.
Jesus is represented by the rainbow of promise.
The storm of divine justice which should have fallen upon
us, has fallen upon him; and as the storm has passed, we
see Jesus as the bow of promise to us, showing that the
storm of God's justice will never fall upon those who are
hid in him.
He hates sin the same now as he did when he
drowned the world, but he can be just and yet justify
those who believe in Jesus. This is the way we can
have the favor of God again, and come to heaven at last.
GOD'S HATRED OF SIN.
"And God looked upon the earth, and behold it was cor-
rupt for all flesh had corrupted his way ufon tke
earth."- GEN. vi: 12.
Q. Who hates sin?
A. God, and all holy beings.
Q. How did God show his hatred to sin?
A. By sending the flood to drown the world.
Q. Who built the ark?
Q. Who were saved in the ark?
A. Noah and his family.
Q. What went into the ark, besides Noah and his family?
A. Two and two of every beast and bird.
Q. What promise did God make to Noah?
A. That he would never drown the world again.
Q. What token did he give Noah to help his memory?
A. A rainbow on the cloud.
Q. Will the storm of God's wrath find the sinner?
A. It will, unless covered by the blood of Christ.
CALL OF ABRAHAM.
GOD'S COVENANT WITH ABRA-
This is Abraham you see looking up at the stars in
the heavens. The Angel of the Lord is telling him the
great promise of God, how he will bless him and make
his seed as the stars of heaven for multitude.
In our last lesson we learned how God sent the flood
on the earth to destroy the people because of their wicked-
ness. We should think that, after they had seen such an
exhibition of God's anger against sin, they would have
done better. But they continued to sin very much as
God determined to choose a people, and have them
under his special care. So he called Abraham to be the
father of this nation, and made a covenant with him. He
told him that he would bless him greatly, that he- would
give him the rich and fertile land of Canaan to dwell in.
God told him to arise at once and go to it, and he would
show it to him. Abraham was obedient, for he believed.
God, and arose and went as commanded.
When Abraham had reached the land the Lord had
promised him, he at once. reared an altar and worshiped
30 GOD'S COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM.
God. This is the way they worshiped in those days.
They would build an altar of stones, laying wood thereon,
then kill a lamb or some other animal and put on the wood;
then set fire to it. As the fire ascended, they would offer
their prayer. The death of the lamb was to show that they
deserved death, but that they believed in the promised
sacrifice of God, even his only Son in the fulness of time.
This. faith was pleasing to God, and he forgave their sins,
and accepted their offering. God kept his covenant with
Abraham, and made of him a great nation, and blest him
greatly. It was of his seed that our Saviour was born.
So it was true, what God told him, that in him should
all the nations of the earth be blessed. God prospered
Abraham, so he had great flocks and herds, men-serv-
ants and maid-servants, and much gold and silver. He
was always obedient to the voice of the Lord. He would
go just where God led him, and do just what God told
him. So he was called the Father of the faithful.
From him descended the whole Jewish race, we read
so much about in the Bible. God made his covenant with
Abraham, promising to make his children and his child-
ren's children like the stars of heaven for multitude. God
also promised to give them the Land of Canaan, the rich-
est country then in the world. God never forgot his
covenant, but kept his promise.
GOD'S COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM.
"And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless
thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a
blessing."-GEN. xii: 2.
Q, With whom did God make his covenant?
A. With Abraham.
Q. What did God promise to give to Abrahai ?
A. A great and good land.
Q. What else did he promise?
A. To bless him and his posterity.
Q. How did Abraham show his gratitude?
A. He built an altar, and worshiped.
Q. What made his offering acceptable?
A. Faith and obedience.
Q. What promise did God make concerning his posterity?
A. That they should be in multitude as the stars of
Q. What great, person was born of Abraham's seed.?
A. Jesus, our Savior.
JACOB AT BETHEL.
COVENANT RENEWED WITH
God had made great promises to Abraham, but it
was to be many years before they were to be fulfilled; so
the Lord came to him several times and repeated the
solemn covenant, that he might not be left in doubt.
When Abraham was dead, for fear his children and his
children's children would be unbelieving, the Lord ap-
peared unto Jacob, his grandchild, and told him the same
thing he told his grandfather Abraham.
Our picture shows how it was. Jacob was journeying
through the country, and stopped to lodge for the night.
He took a stone for his pillow, and lay down to sleep.
In his sleep he saw a wonderful vision--a ladder reaching
up to heaven, and angels were passing over it. At the
top of the ladder he heard the voice of God repeating the
promise he made long before to his grandfather Abraham,
that he would bless him, and his children after him, and
go with them in all their journeys, and would give unto
them the land of blessing.
When Jacob awoke, he was both glad and afraid.
He said, Surely the Lord was in this place, and I knew
it not." No wonder he felt afraid at such a vision; I
34 COVENANT RENEWED WITH YA COB.
think you or I would have felt very much the same. He
was filled with joy also, for it was a great honor to have a
visit from God and his angels. The ladder he saw reach-
ing up to heaven, taught him that there was a way of
communication between earth and heaven. Jacob needed
this, for he had just defrauded his brother of his birth-
right, and might have felt that heaven was closed. to him.
God gave him this vision to show him that there was
mercy for him, and that heaven was not closed to a pray-
ing soul. The angels he saw going up and down over the
stairway, were to show him that God was not only merci-
ful, and would forgive, but that he had sent ministering
angels to help him in the difficult ascent.
We have the same privilege, and may have the same
honor, of a visit from the Lord, only we are not permitted
to see God with our eyes; but he has told us if we open
our hearts to him, he will come in and dwell with us.
This is much better for us than it would be to see
him. How do we know that he is with us, if we cannot
see him? We feel his presence and love in our hearts.
We do not see the wind -blow, but we feel it on our face,
and are just as certain that it is blowing, as though we saw
it with our eyes. So we know Jesus iswith us, by his
power in our hearts.
Jacob went on his way rejoicing, assured that God
would keep his covenant, and bring his posterity into the
good land of promise.
COVENANT RENEWED WITH JACOB. 35
And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth,
and the top of it reached to heaven. and behold the
angels of God ascending and descending on it.-
GEN. xxviii: 12.
With whom did God renew his covenant?
With Jacob, at Bethel.
How did he appear to Jacob?
In a vision, by night.
What did he see?
A ladder reaching to heaven, with angels passing
What did he hear?
The voice of God speaking to him.
What did God teach him by the ladder ?
That there was still communication between earth
What did God teach by the angels?
That they were ministering spirits to help him.
Does God come to us now?
He does, by his Spirit.
To whom does he come?
To those who love and obey him.
JOSEPH TELLING THE KING HIS DREAM.
mIUr N I.N
GOD PRESERVING HIS PEOPLE
This young man we see in the picture is Joseph,
Jacob's son, telling Pharaoh, king of Egypt, about a
dream he had. God gave Joseph great wisdom, and the
king loved him much. How came he in this strange
country ?-for this was not his native land. I will tell you.
Jacob, of whom we learned in our last lesson, had
twelve sons. One of the boys, whose name was Joseph,
was greatly loved by his father, and he made him a beau-
tiful coat of many colors. His brothers were jealous of
him, because they thought their father loved him best.
One day the father sent Joseph out into the field to
see how his brothers were getting along tending the sheep,
for they were shepherds. When they saw him coming,
they determined, in some way, to destroy him. Seeing
some Egyptian merchants coming, they sold him as a
slave to them. O, what a wicked act I Joseph was car-
ried by them into Egypt; but God was with him, and
gave him great wisdom.
King Pharaoh had a strange dream one night. He
saw seven fat cattle coming out of the river, and after-
ward, seven lean or poor ones. No one -could tell him
what his dream meant, until Joseph was called. He told
38 GOD PRESERVING HIS PEOPLE IN FAMINE.
him there were to be seven years of plenty, and then seven
years of famine. The king saw that he was a very wise
boy, and made him governor over Egypt.
Then Joseph saved all the corn he could in the years
of plenty, so he could feed the people during the years of
famine. Joseph's father and brothers were starving in
Canaan for want of food. Joseph's brothers came down
to Egypt, to buy corn, and who should they meet but
Joseph, the brother they sold as a slave years before.
Now you may think that Joseph wanted to punish them
when he saw them. No; he had no such wicked heart as
they had. He loved and feared God. His brothers did
not know him, he was dressed so differently and lived in
a king's palace.
Joseph did not tell them who he was then; he sold
them corn, and told them to bring their younger brother
down to him. The younger brother was Benjamin, whom
the father loved dearly. He felt very bad to have Benja-
min go, lest some evil might befall him as had come to
Joseph. At last he parted with him with a sorrowful heart;
but what great joy filled the soul of the old patriarch, when
Shis boys returned and told him that Joseph was yet alive,.
and that he was governor over all Egypt. How his spirit
revived when he saw the horses and chariots Joseph had
sent to bring him and his family down into Egypt, where
they might feed on the fat of the land. So God kept his
covenant, and saved his people in time of famine.
GOD PRESERVING HIS PEOPLE IN FAMINE.
" And God sent me before you to reserve you a foster-
ity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great
deliverance."- GEN. XLV: 7.
Q. How did God show his care for his people?
.A. By providing for them in time of famine.
Q. Who was sold by his brothers as a slave?
Q. How did Joseph become a great man in Egypt ?
A. Because the Lord was with him, and prospered him.
Q. How did Joseph come to see his brethren again ?
A.4 They came to Egypt to buy corn.
Q. Why were his brothers afraid when they saw him ?
A4 .Because they had wickedly sold him into Egypt.
Q. How was Jacob's sorrow turned into joy?
A.4 By hearing that Joseph was yet alive.
Q. What did Joseph do for the family?
A. He took care of them through years of famine.
Q. What did Joseph say about it all ?
A. That it was of the Lord to preserve his people.
GENESIS, 41., I
MOSES FOUND BY PHARAOH'S DAUGHTER.
CALL OF MOSES.
This little boy you see, looking up so sweetly from
the cradle, is Moses, whom God afterward called to do
a great work for him. Let me tell you how God so won-
derfully preserved Moses when he was a little baby.
Moses' mother was a Hebrew woman, and lived in
Egypt. The king of Egypt feared that the descendants
of Jacob might grow strong in the land, and make them
trouble; so he made a cruel law, that all the baby boys
should be slain as soon as they were born. What a cruel
king he must have been.
When Moses was born, his mother, in some way,
hid him in an ark of bulrushes, and made it to float on
the water. The ark was hid in the rushes, near where
Pharoah's daughter came down to the river to bathe.
She heard the little baby crying, and took pity on him,
and adopted him as her son.
So this little boy did not have to die, but became a
member of the king's family. When the king's daughter
wanted a nurse for the baby, who do you think was
found? Why it was Moses' own .mother; but no one
knew it was his mother. Was not this very nice; that
CALL OF MOSES.
she could be with her own little boy, and both of them be
cared for in a king's palace ?
God was in all this, for he wanted a great man to
lead his people out of the bondage of Egypt, and so
brought Moses into the king's court, to be educated in
the wisdom of the Egyptians. When he had grown to
be a man, he refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's.
daughter, but preferred to suffer affliction with his own
people. He became a shepherd; and one day, when he
was tending the sheep in the lonely mountain, God ap-
peared to him in a burning bush. Moses saw the bush all
ablaze, and yet it did not burn up. He thought it very
strange, and so came near; but God spake to him out of
the burning bush, saying, Put off thy shoes from off thy
feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground."
Then God told him that he had seen the suffering of
his people, and would send him to deliver them.
Moses left his flocks, to go and do as the Lord had.
said. He greatly feared to go before the wicked king,
Pharaoh, lest he would not hear, and would not let God's:
people go. But the Lord told Moses what to do, to prove:
to the king that he had sent him. He was to cast a staff
on the floor, in the presence of the king, and it should be-
come a serpent. This, and many other things he did, to
prove that the Lord had sent him.
CALL OF MOSES. 43
"Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh,
that thou mayest bring forth my people the children.
of Israel out of Egypt."-Ex. InI: Io.
Q. Whom did God call to lead his people out of bondage ?
A. Moses, who was found in the ark of bulrushes.
Q. By whom was he found?
A. By the king's daughter.
Q: Who was called to nurse him?
A. His own mother.
Q. Where did he live?
A. In the king's palace.
Q. How did this happen?
A. The Lord ordered it.
Q. Where was Moses called to his great work?
A. At the burning bush.
Q. Why did Moses fear to go before the king?
A. He was afraid he would not believe God had sent him.:
Q. What did the Lord tell him to do?
A. Cast his staff on the ground, and it should become a
SLAVERY IN EGYPT.
GOD REMEMBERING HIS COVE-
See those men so hard at work.. Who are they?'
Listen, and I will tell you. We learned in a previous.
lesson that Jacob and his family had come into Egypt to.
be fed by the boy Joseph, who had been sold by his broth-
ers as a slave, but whom God had made ruler over all
The king was pleased at first, because Joseph's friends
had come, for he loved Joseph very much. By and by,
when this king was dead, and another had taken his place,
who did not know about Joseph, the new king became
very oppressive. He was afraid these people would be-
come, stronger than his people, for God had greatly blest
and multiplied them; and so he made a cruel command,
that every male child should be slain as soon as he was.
This was why Moses was hid in the bulrushes, by his
mother, to save his life. The wicked king not only had
the little baby boys slain, but he made the people serve
him as slaves, making brick, and doing all the hard labor
the king could find.
God saw all this, and he remembered the covenant he
had made with their fathers, to multiply and prosper
GOD REMEMBERING HIS COVENANT.
them, and lead them to a land flowing with milk and
honey. God sent Moses to tell the king of his purpose.
Now the king might ask, what authority have you
to tell me to let the people of Israel go ? So God had told
him to take a staff with him and cast it on the floor, and
it should become a serpent in the sight of Pharaoh.
Pharaoh was greatly frightened when he saw the serpent
on the floor, but he refused to hear God, and let the peo-
ple go, and did not until repeated judgments had been
sent upon him.
You have read how God sent frogs over all the land,
so.that they filled their houses, and the people would find
them in the tray where they mixed their bread.
God sent lice upon them, to cover man and beast.
He turned the rivers and streams to blood, so that the
people could not get any pure water. These were some
of the terrible afflictions which the Lord sent upon the
people of Egypt, to make them willing to let his people
At last, when God had tried everything else to no
purpose, he determined to make Pharaoh willing, by de-
stroying the first-born in every family. We learn of, this
in the next lesson.
God wanted to lead his people back into Canaan, and
separate them from other nations, to make of them a great
nation for himself. This is why he allowed them to suffer
so in Egypt, that they might not want to stay there.
GOD REMEMBERING HIS COVENANT. .- 4;
" And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in'
mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service
in the field.-Ex. I: 14.
Q. What people were in bondage in Egypt ?
A. The children of Israel.
Q. How came they in Egypt?
A. They went there in time of famine.
Q. Why did the king oppress them?
A. Because he feared they might become greater than he.
Q. What were they compelled to do?
A. To work in brick and mortar.
Q. What did God do for them?
A. Delivered them from their bondage.
Q. How did he make Pharaoh willing to let his people
A. By sending grievous afflictions upon him.
Q. What great affliction was sent at last?
A. God slew the first-born in all the Egyptian families.
Q. What was the effect of the bondage upon Israel?
A. It made them long for the land of promise.
DEATH ANGEL IN EGYPT.
GOD DELIVERING HIS PEOPLE.
In this picture we see friends standing around the
bed, on which lies a dead child. You will see they are
dressed like a king's family. It is in the palace of king
Pharaoh. His first-born son is dead. There was not
only death in the king's home, but the first-born in every
Egyptian family was dead.
It is a very strange story; let me tell you about it.
God had sent many judgments upon the Egyptians, to
make them willing to let his people go out of their land,
but the proud and haughty king had refused to hear God;
so the Lord determined to slay the oldest child in every
home in Egypt. He sent a death angel through the land
to do this dreadful work. Now, the Lord wanted to save
his people, the children of Israel, from this terrible afflic-
tion, and so he told them what to do.
As they were living among the Egyptians, the Lord
told them they must take a lamb and slay it the night the
death angel was to come, and sprinkle the blood on the
door-posts of their houses. So when the angel came and
saw the blood, he would pass over that house, for he knew
some of God's people were there. But in every house of
the Egyptians there was great sorrow, for the angel of the
50 GOD DELIVERING HIS PEOPLE.
Lord had slain the first-born in every family, even unto
the king's home.
Now the wicked king began to fear Goa, and told
the children of Israel to go, and go in haste, lest some
worse plague should come upon them. The lamb that
was killed, and the blood sprinkled on the doorposts, was
a type of the dear Savior, whose blood has been shed to
Whosoever has been cleansed by that blood, the de-
stroying angel will pass over, when God shall judge the
world. As the king had told the people to go, Moses had
them make ready in haste, and start out of Egypt a very
I know you will think it strange, children, when I tell
you that this wicked king, after all the judgments God
had sent upon him, gathered together a great army, and
followed after them. They had been his slaves so long,
he hated to give them up. He came up close behind them
at the Red Sea, and the poor Israelites thought, now we
are sure to be swallowed up. But God told Moses to
reach his rod out over the waters, and the waters parted
and stood up like a wall on either side. Then Moses said
to the people, Go forward," and they walked right through
the sea on dry ground.
The Egyptians thought they could do the same thing,
but when in the middle of the sea, God caused the waters
to roll back to their place again, and Pharaoh, with all his
hosts, were drowned. So God delivered his people.
GOD DELIVERING HIS PEOPLE. 51
" For I will ass through tIe land of Egypt this night,
and will smite all the first-born in the land of
Egypt, both man and beast."- Ex. 12: 12.
Q. How did God deliver his people from bondage?
A. By fearful judgments upon Pharaoh and his people.
Q. What great affliction was at last sent?
A. The death angel, to slay the first-born of- all the
Q. Did the king's home escape ?
A. No; his first-born was slain.
Q. Who went to Pharaoh to tell God's purpose?
A. Moses, whom God called at the burning bush.
Q. How were God's people saved from the death angel ?
A. By the blood of the slain lamb.
Q. ,Of whom was this lamb a type?
A. Of Jesus, our-Saviour.
Q. When the people had started, who followed them ?
A. Pharaoh, with a great army.
Q. What became of Pharaoh's army ?
A. They were swallowed up in the sea.
-GOD WITH HIS PEOPLE.
The people you see in the picture are picking up
something from the ground. What do you think it is ?
It is manna, or bread which God rained down from heaven.
This seems a strange way to get bread, but it is the way
God fed his people for forty years in the wilderness.
I told you, in our last lesson, that the children of
Israel had just escaped from the Egyptians, by passing
through the Red Sea on dry land. Their enemies were
swallowed up in the sea- Pharaoh, with all his host. The
people were very glad when they saw the wonderful deliv-
erance God had wrought for them, and they went forth
with music and dancing, and rejoiced greatly before him.
They soon found, however, they had come into a wil-
derness, where there was no bread for so vast a multitude.
But God had made great promises to his people, how he
would lead them and care for them; so he did not leave
them here to starve. No, he caused bread to rain down
from heaven, and the people went out in the morning and
They could gather only enough for one day at a
time; if they tried to keep it over it would spoil. On
54 GOD WITH HIS PEOPLE.
Saturday they could gather enough for Sunday, and it
would keep; for God had given the Sabbath as a day to
be kept holy, and they were not allowed to do any work
on that day. Here in the wilderness they 3soo found
that they were without water also. This God gave them
by another wondrous miracle.
He told Moses to go into a certain place, and strike
a great rock with his rod, and the water should gush out
to satisfy all their thirst. He did as God told him, and a
great stream ran out of the rock, and flowed down the
valley. 0, how glad the people were to see the water,
and how eagerly they dipped their cups, and drank, for
some of them were nearly famished, and little children
almost ready to die for want of water.
These people not only had bread and water given
them directly from the hand of God, but God told them
just where to go, by a pillar of cloud going before them
by day, and a pillar of fire by night. When God wanted
them to' stand still, the cloud would stand still, but when
he wanted them to march, then the cloud would move for-
ward. How nice it was, not to have any care, but to trust
the Lord for everything.
Would you not think that such a people would be
very good and obedient to the Lord ? But it was not so.
They were often disobedient, provoking the anger of the
Lord, and bringing the judgments of God upon them.
GOD WITH HIS PEOPLE. 55
"Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will rain
bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go
out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may
prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or
no."- Ex. 16 : 4.
Q. Who was with the children of Israel in the wilderness ?
A. The Lord God.
Q. What did they do when they saw their enemies
A. They rejoiced greatly.
Q. How did God feed them in the wilderness?
A. By raining manna from heaven.
Q. How often did they have to gather it?
A. Every day, except Sunday.
Q. Why did God wish them to gather every day?
A. To teach them their dependence on him.
Q. How did God provide water for them?
A. By causing it to flow from the smitten rock.
Q. Did these blessings make the people obedient?
A. No; they were very rebellious.
Q. How did God punish them?
A. By leaving them in the wilderness forty years.
MOSES ON MOUNT SINAI.
GOD GIVING THE LAW TO
This is Mount Sinai, where God gave the command-
ments to Moses for the people. The mountain seems to
be on fire. The lightning are flashing wildly, and the
deafening thunder is heard up and down- the mountain
side. God is on the mountain, and wishes to impress his
people with his majesty and power. He called Moses up
into the mountain with him, but told the people not to
come near; if they did, they would be destroyed.
You remember we have learned how God, with a
mighty hand, brought his people out of bondage, and
gave them bread and water in the wilderness, as they jour-
neyed. They had not travelled long before they came to
this mountain, where God revealed his glory. It was a
wonderful sight which his people would never forget.
Moses went up into the cloud, and stayed a long time
in the mountain with God, even forty days. Here God
gave him his laws concerning the people, just what he
wanted them to do, that they should worship him, love one
another, keep the Sabbath holy, and if they sinned, what
they must do to be forgiven. While Moses was on the
GOD GIVING THE LAW TO MOSES.
mountain the sight was awful, and the people were made
to tremble. When Moses came down from the mountain,
he had two tables of stone, on which God had written his
holy law. He told Moses many things he wanted his
people to observe, but the ten commandments were written
upon stone, to show that they were to endure forever.
These tables of stone God commanded to be put in
a strong chest, called the ark, and this ark was to be car-
ried wherever his people should go. When the tabernacle
was made, which was their place of worship while jour-
neying in the wilderness, the ark was put in it in- the most
holy place. Two angels were made of gold, which were
placed so as to look toward each other, bending over the
ark. This ark was the symbol of the divine presence, be-
cause it contained his holy law.
So the people when they went out to war would
carry the ark before them, showing by this they trusted
God to fight their battles. These tables of stone, on
which the law was written, were kept in the ark for many,
many years, until the great temple was built at Jerusalem.
When the temple was finished the people brought the ark
and placed it therein, saying by this we will obey the law,
and the glory of the Lord filled the temple in a wondrous
GOD GIVING THE LA W TO MOSES.
"And the glory of the Lord abode upon Mount Sinai, and
the cloud covered it six days and the seventh day
he. called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud."-
Ex. 24: 16.
Q. Where did God give his law to man?
A. On Mount Sinai.
Q. How did the mountain appear?
A. As if it was on fire.
Q. Who went up to meet God?
A. Moses, his chosen messenger.
Q. Why did he go?
A. God called him to take the commandments to the
Q. Upon what were they written?
A. Upon tables of stone.
Q. Where were these stones placed ?
A. In an ark made for that purpose.
Q. Where was the ark put?
A. In the tabernacle until the temple was built.
Q. Why did God so manifest his glory when the ark was
placed in the temple?
A. It showed that the people were going, to obey the
law, and this pleased God.
DANIEL IN THE LION'S DEN.
THE LAW ON IDOLATRY.
In our last lesson we learned about the ten com-
mandments, which were written by the finger of God orn
tables of stone. These commandments are just as much
for us as for the Jews. Now I want to tell you some-
thing about them.
The first was on Idolatry "Thou shalt have no other
Gods before me." He is the God who created all things,.
and who alone is to be worshiped. Let me tell you of a.
good. man who, kept this commandment, although it
brought him into sore trials. The great king of Babylon
was a proud and haughty king; and he made a law that
if any man should ask a petition of any other God than
himself for thirty days he should be put in the lion's den.
You see he wanted to be a God. Do vou think
everybody obeyed him? No; there was one, Daniel, who
did not mind the king's command. This young man
Daniel was a Jew, who had been brought as a captive or
slave into Babylon. He had been taught concerning the
true God, anl had purposed in his heart that he would
never worship any other God.
The king's decree did not frighten him'at all; but he:
62 THE LAW ON IDOLATRY.
went up into his chamber, with the window open toward
Jerusalem, .as he had been accustomed to do, and prayed
to his God, believing that he would take care of all the
threats of the king.
Did God forget this faithful child of his? Not by
any means. When some heard him pray as before, they
hastened to tell the king that Daniel had broken his law.
Now the king loved Daniel, for he had shown before him
an excellent spirit. He was almost sorry he had made
any such law, but he could not take it back, so he ordered
his soldiers to put Daniel in the lion's den. When they
did so the savage beasts never touched him, for God sent
his angel to shut their mouths, and Daniel stayed there
with them all night without harm. Was not that
When the king came the next morning, and found
that Daniel was unharmed, he was very glad, and he
knew now that Daniel's God was greater than all other
gods, for he had delivered him from the power of the
lions. Then the king made another law, that all the
people over whom he ruled should worship no other God
save the God of Daniel.
We see here how God takes care of those who keep
his commandments and obey him rather than man. We
shall always find it safe, children, to do just what God
has told us to do, for his angels are still sent for the care
and protection of those who "dare to do right."
THE LAW ON IDOLATRY. 6;
" Thou shall have no other Gods before me."- Ex. xx: 3.
Q. Why should we keep the ten commandments?
A. Because God gave them to us as well as to the Jews.
Q. Whom only should we worship?
A. The Lord, our God.
Q. Who kept this commandment?
A. Daniel, the captive Jew.
Q. What happened to him for his obedience ?
A. He was thrown into thelion's den.
Q. How did the lions treat him?
A. They did him no harm.
Q. Why was he preserved?
A. Because God was with him.
Q. What effect did this have on the king?
A. He made a law that all should worship Daniel's God.
Q9. Whom does God especially bless?
A. Those who keep his commandments.
( M M
WORSHIPPING THE GOLDEN CALF.
THE LAW ON IMAGE WORSHIP.
See! here is a calf standing way up on some high
place. How do you think he came there? Let me tell
you. It is not alive, it is an image made of gold.
You know we just learned about Moses going up
into the mountain to talk with God. God kept Moses on
the mountain a long time, until the people began to feel
that he was never coming back again. So the people
said to Aaron, Up, make us gods, which shall go before
us," for we don't know what has become of Moses.
Aaron told them to bring their golden ear rings and
finger rings, and he melted them and made this golden
calf. Then the people sacrificed unto it, and worshiped
it. You see Aaron is pouring out an offering on the
altar, and the people are playing on harps and various
other instruments, and so worshiping the golden image.
Were they doing right? Surely riot, for God has
said, "thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image,
or any likeness, of anything that is in heaven above, or
that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under
the earth; thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor
You see they had done very wickedly in making this
66 THE LA W ON IMA GE WORSHIP.
golden calf. When Moses came down from the mount
and saw what they had done, he was filled with indig-
nation. He tore down the calf they had made and
ground it to powder. He put the powdered gold into the
water and made the people drink it.
By God's command, Moses slew three thousand of
the idolaters that day. This shows the great displeasure
of God toward those who disobey him. Let us look for
a moment at some of God's children who dared to keep
this commandment of God, even at the peril of their
Perhaps you have read the story of the three He-
brew children who were thrown into the fiery furnace.
This was done because they would not worship an image
which Nebuchadnezzar, the king, had set up.' This
wonderful image was nearly one hundred feet high, and
was made of gold.
The wicked king was going to make everybody fall
down and worship it. But these three Hebrew children,
friends of Daniel, would not bow down, but stood straight
up, when all the rest fell before the image. The king
had declared that if any disobeyed his orders, they should
be cast into the fiery furnace. So the soldiers bound
these three men and threw them into the fire; but the
fire did not touch them. Jesus came to walk with them
and they came out unharmed. Jesus is near those who
keep his commandments.
THE LA W ON IMAGE WORSHIP. 67
" Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image."-
Ex. xx: 4.
Q. What are we forbidden to worship?
A. Images or idols.
Q. Who broke this commandment?
A. The children of Israel, who worshiped a golden calf.
Q. What judgment did God send upon them?
A. Three thousand of the idolaters were slain.
Q. What king made an image of gold, and commanded
the people to worship it?
A. King Nebuchadnezzar.
Q. What was the penalty for disobedience?
A. To be cast into the fiery furnace.
Q. Who refused to worship the image?
A. The three Hebrew children.
Q. Why did not the fire .harm them?
A. Because Jesus was with them.
Q. How may we have Jesus with us?
A. By keeping his commandments.
STONING THE BLASPHEMER.
THE LAW ON PROFANITY.
Profanity is a very common sin, but one that is ex-
ceeding sinful. We see in this picture the sad fate of one
who was profane. He blasphemed against. God, and the
Lord commanded those who heard him to stone him to
death. What a sad way to die. Yet this was the law as
God gave it to the Jews.
This man was a Danite. You will find the story in
the twenty-fourth chapter of Leviticus. If God ever com-
manded a man to be stoned to death for swearing, what
a terrible sin it must be. We have no such punishment
for profanity now, but it is no less a great sin.
And, if God does not punish the profane man at once,
the day is coming when he certainly will. Hear his com-
mandment, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord
thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless
that taketh his name in vain."
A great many little boys get in the habit of swearing
before they know how dreadful it is. But we may remem-
ber that God .is just the same now as he was when he
gave the law to Moses. What he hated two thousand
years ago he hates to-day. So, when we swear, we not
THE LA W ON PROFANITY.
only corrupt ourselves and injure others, but we offend a
Besides, profanity is the most foolish habit we can in-
dulge in. Nobody is benefited by it, and how it reveals
the natural sinfulness of the human heart. No wonder
that God made such a severe law against the blasphemer.
Let us beware that we never commit this great sin, for
some day God will bring us into judgment for every idle
word. But God is merciful, and ready to forgive those
who are truly sorry for their sins. We have his great
mercy shown in the Bible toward a man who had been
profane, but who was very penitent, weeping bitter tears.
It was Peter; he was filled with great fear and cow-
ardice, when he saw the Savior in the hands of his ene-
mies. He was afraid to be known as the friend of Jesus,
for fear he would have to suffer too; so, when they asked
him if he knew Jesus, he denied it with an oath. The sin
seemed almost beyond the mercy of God, but when God
saw that Peter was very sorry for what'he had done, he
forgave him and loved him just as before. When we sin,
we should go at once and confess it to Jesus, and we
shall find forgiveness. But let us not forget that God is
pure and holy, and if we use his name carelessly or lightly
in any way, it is taking it in vain.
THE LAW ON PROFANITY. 71
"Thou shall not take the name of the Lord thy God in
vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that
taketh his name in vain."- Ex. xx: 7.
Q. Whose name should never be taken in vain?
A. The name of the Lord God.
Q. What was done to a man who was profane?'
A. He was stoned to death.
Q. Who commanded it to be done?
A.. The Lord himself.
Q. What does this teach us about the sin of swearing?
A. That it is a very great sin.
Q. Why are not men stoned to death for profanity now?
A. Because Jesus has come to save from sin.
Q. Who was forgiven after he had been profane?
A. Simon Peter.
Q. Why was he forgiven?
A. Because he was deeply penitent.
Q. How may we be forgiven for any sin?
A. By repentance and prayer.
JESUS IN THE SYNAGOGUE.
THE LAW ON THE SABBATH.
"Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy." Who
said this? It was God, our Creator. When God created
the heavens and the earth, he finished the work in
six days and rested on the seventh. The Bible tells
us that God blessed the seventh day and sanctified
it. Therefore he has commanded us to rest on the
sabbath and keep it holy. We are not to use this day as
we do others, but we are to cease from labor, and spend
the hours unto the Lord in religious service and worship.
We see in this picture, Jesus teaching in the syna-
gague on the sabbath day. This was his custom, to go
into the place where the Jews worshiped and tell them. of
the great salvation God had provided through himself.
Breaking the law of the sabbath was one of their
great sins. Often when God sent suffering and affliction
upon his chosen people, he told them it was because they
had polluted his sabbaths. The seventy years they spent
in bondage, was for the seventy years of breaking sabbaths.
When these people returned to rebuild Jerusalem, Ezra,
the governor, caused the law to be read concerning the
sabbath, and the people wept sore when they saw it was
74 THE LAW ON THE SABBATH.
disobedience to God's law which had caused all their long
suffering. They. promised in tears that they would keep
his law after this.
Children, "Remember the sabbath day to keep it
holy." Remember that whenever you go off in the fields
to play ball, or gather nuts or berries on the sabbath, you
are not keeping God's day holy. God sees us all the time,
even if we are out of sight of father and mother, and he
will, in time, punish us as he did Israel of old. Many
young men who are in prison have said that they began
the downward course which led to their ruin by breaking
this holy day.
We should go on the sabbath where the gospel is
preached, and seek for all the light we can get concerning
the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ.
If we would worship God truly on the sabbath day,
we must give Him our hearts, and become his meek and
humble followers. If thou turn away thy foot from the
sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and
call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honorable;
and shalt honor him, not doing thine own ways, nor find-
ing thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words,
then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will
cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and
feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the
mouth of the Lord hath spoken it."
THE LAW ON THE SABBATH. 75
"Remember the sabbath day to keef it holy."-Ex. xx: 8.
Q. Who commanded us to keep the sabbath holy?
A. The Lord of the sabbath.
Q. When was the sabbath given?
A. When God finished the work of creation.
Q. Where was this commandment renewed?
A. On Sinai, when God gave the law to Moses.
Q. What people suffered from breaking the sabbath?
A. The children of Israel.
Q. What effect did the reading of the law, by Ezra, have
A. They wept bitterly, and promised to keep the sab-
Q. What will God do to those who break the sabbath.
A. Punish them, as he did the Jews.
Q. What is often the first step to a life of sin ?
A. Breaking the sabbath.
Q. How can we be kept from this great sin ?
A. By giving our hearts to Jesus.
ISAIAH, LVIII: 13, 14.
JOSEPH INTRODUCING HIS FATHER TO PHARAOH.
THE LAW ON THE DUTIES OF
What sight so beautiful as to see children loving and:
dutiful toward their parents. God has said, Honor thy-
father and thy mother," and this is the first command-
ment with promise. We have a beautiful representation-
of this virtue in the conduct of Joseph toward his father.
We have already learned that Joseph was sold into
Egypt, and how he became governor of all the land.
Now Joseph sends for his father to come and live with
him. The old man is greatly astonished when he hears.
the news, and cannot think it is so, for he supposed Joseph
had been dead for years.
You remember how his brethren had carried the coat.
of many colors to the father, all covered with blood; and
Jacob had mourned for his boy as dead. You can imagine,.
then, how he was startled to hear that Joseph was alive-
and wanted him to come and live with him. Joseph had
sent nice horses and chariots to bring his father into
Egypt. He even told him he need not bring his things,
for all the wealth of Egypt was his to enjoy.
He took great pride in bringing the aged patriarch
to Pharaoh, the king, and telling him that it was his.
78 THE LAW ON THE DUTIES OF CHILDREN.
father,.as we see them in the picture. Have you never
seen children who seemed to be a little ashamed of their
parents in the presence of their proud associates? It is
very sinful to feel in that way, and we are breaking God's
commandments when we do.
Joseph was a true man, and loved to honor his father,
so he gave him and his family the richest part of Egypt
to live in, and cared for him very tenderly. Joseph had
great reverence for his father's religion; and when he was
about to die, he brought his two little boys, that the grand-
father might lay his hands on their heads and bless them.
When Jacob .died, Joseph still showed his love and
respect for his father, for he knew his father's wishes
would be to be buried with his kindred in Canaan; so he
made great preparations to take the body back to his
native land. "And Joseph went up to bury his father;
and with him went all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders
of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, and
all the house of Joseph and his brethren, and his father's
house; only their little ones, their flocks, and their
herds, they left in the land of Goshen. And there went up
with him both chariots and horsemen, and it was a very
So Joseph honored his father even to the last, and the
blessing of God followed Joseph all the days of his life.
Children, honor and obey your parents.
THE LAW ON THE DUTIES OF CHILDREN. 7c
"Honor thyfather and thy mother: that thy days may
be long upon the land which the Lord thy God
giveth thee."-Ex. xx: 12.
Q. What is our duty to our parents?
A. To honor and obey them.
Q. Who kept this command of God?
A. Joseph, the son of Jacob.
Q. How did he honor his father?
A. By introducing him to King Pharaoh, and giving him
the best of the land.
Q. How did he show his respect for his father's religion ?
A. By bringing his boys to receive his dying blessing.
Q. How did he honor him at his death?
A. By the vast multitude who went up into Canaan to
Q. Why should we honor our parents?
A. Because God has told us to.
Q. What promise has God given to such?
A. Their days shall be long in the land.
Q. Do you honor your father and mother?
SAUL SEEKING TO KILL DAVID.
THE LAW ON MURDER.
This man, with a javelin in his hand, is King Saul.
See, he is trying to kill that young man whose name is
David. How did this young man come to be in the
King's house? Listen, and I will tell you.
This boy was the son of Jes se, and tended the sheep.
One day God said to Samuel, the prophet, Fill thine horn
with oil, and go, I will send.thee to Jesse the Bethle-
hemite; for I have provided me a king among his sons."
Samuel went and did as God told him, and the one God
directed him to anoint as king, was David, the shepherd
At one time, when he was tending the sheep, a bear
Same down upon the flock, and David fell upon him and
slew him. At another time he slew a lion.. Surely he
could not have done this except the Lord had been with
him, and given him strength.
Now King Saul was at war with the Philistines, and
some of David's brothers went into the army. David's
father told him, one day, that he wanted him to go and see
his brothers and take them some food.
While he was there, a great giant came out of the
82 THE LA W ON MURDER.
Philistine army, and dared the hosts of Israel to send out
a man against him. No one had courage enough to go.
Then David, the shepherd boy, said he would go and
meet the giant. Many thought him very foolish, but he
said, "The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the
lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out
of the hands of this Philistine." He took a few smooth
stones from the brook, and went out to meet the giant in
the name of the Lord. David slew the giant and brought
his head into camp.
Then all the people praised him, and King' Saul
thought he would be a brave man for him to have, and so
he asked his father, Jesse, to let him come and live with
him. This is the way he came to be in the king's palace.
David feared and worshiped God, and God honored
him greatly. Whenever he went out to battle he always
had the victory. Soon the king began to be jealous of
him, lest the people would love David better than they did
him, and from that hour he sought his life. At times the
king was very gloomy and ugly; then he would send for
David to come and play on the harp, for he was a good
Saul, in one of his angry moods, threw a javelin at
David, as we see in the picture, intending to kill him, but
he escaped. What a wicked heart Saul must have had
to try to kill an innocent boy, and break God's command-
ment, which says, "Thou shalt not kill."
THE LA W ON MURDER.
"Thou s/all not kill."- Ex. xx : 13.
Q. Who was the first king of Israel?
Q. Who did he try to kill?
A. David, the shepherd boy.
Q. How came David in the king's palace?
A. By the request of the king.
Q. What led Saul to want him?
A: Because he slew the giant, Saul's enemy.
Q. What other brave deeds had David done?
A. He slew the bear and the lion.
Q. Why did Saul seek his life?
A. Because he was jealous of him.
Q. How was it that David escaped?
A. God was with him.
Q. What great sin was in Saul's heart?
A. 'The sin of murder.
I. SAMUEL, 17.
NATHAN CHARGING DAVID WITH SIN.
THE LAW ON ADULTERY.
Do you see that man pointing his finger and looking
so intently at the king? What do you think he is talking
so earnestly about? He is a prophet of the Lord, telling
King David his great sin.
The king had seen a beautiful woman whom he de-
sired to take as his wife, but she was the wife of Uriah,
one of David's soldiers. He determined, however; to
have her for his wife, which was very sinful. And this is
the way he did.
As Uriah was a soldier he caused him to be placed
in the forefront of the battle, that he might be slain.
What a wicked deed! It would hardly seem that God
could ever have mercy on a man that would commit so
great a sin.
Uriah was slain, and the king took his wife to his
The Lord was greatly displeased with David, and
sent his prophet Nathan to tell him his sin. It was very
hard for the prophet to do this, but he did it by telling
him this little story: "There were two men in one city-
the one rich and the other poor. The rich man had ex-
ceeding many flocks and herds; but the poor man had
nothing save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought
86 THE LAW ON ADULTERY.
and nourished up, and it grew up together with him and
with his children; it did eat of his own meat and drank
of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him
as a daughter. And there came a traveller unto the rich
man, and he spared to take of his flock and of his own
herd to dress for the wayfaring man that was come untoa
him, but took the poor man's lamb and dressed it for the
man that was come to him. And David's anger was
greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan,
as the Lord liveth the man that hath done this thing shall
surely die, and he shall restore the lamb four-fold, because
he did this thing, and because he had no pity. And
Nathan said to David,' Thou art the man.'"
The king seems sad and confused, as we see him
in the picture, for he knows he has condemned himself.
He had great riches and many wives, yet, when he saw
this beautiful woman, he lusted after her and would rob'
this poor man of all he had, and take his life that he
might have her. In doing this he broke the seventh com-
mandment, which says, Thou shalt not commit adultery.'"
And again, "Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after
her hath committed adultery with her already in his
Did David's sin go unpunished? No; God sent
many and grievous afflictions upon him. Even his own
son sought to take his throne. It does not pay to break.
one of God's commandments.
THE LAW ON ADULTERY. 8;
" Thou shall not commit adultery."-Ex. xx: 14.
Q. What sin did King David commit ?
A. The sin of adultery, by taking another man's wife.
Q. Why did he want her?
A. Because she was very beautiful.
Q. How did he plan to get her?
A. By causing the death of her husband.
Q. How was this done?
A. By putting him in the forefront of the battle.
Q. How did Nathan show him his sin?
A. By the story of a rich and poor man.
Q. What did Nathan at last say to him?
A. "Thou art the man."
Q. What do we sometimes do in condemning others ?
A. We condemn ourselves.
Q. What may we expect if we break God's command-
A. That his judgements will rest upon us.
II. SAMUEL, II.
r~ /~ ~~'c~6
GEHIAZI RUNNING AFTER NAAMAN'S CHARIOT,
THE LAW ON STEALING.
We should never take anything that belongs to
another. It is God's commandment written on stone,
" Thou shalt not steal." If you look closely at the picture,
you will see a man, way in the distance, running after a
.chariot and the horseman, trying to stop them. This
man's name is Gehazi. He is a liar and a thief. This
is his story: He was the servant of the prophet, Elisha.
Now, there was a very great man in Syria, whose name
was Naaman, he was captain of the king's host, but he
had a terrible disease, called the leprosy.
A little Jewish maid, who had been taken captive
and lived in Naaman's home, told him about the prophet,
Elisha, in Israel; what great wonders he could do in
healing the sick. So, one day, Naaman took a company
of soldiers, and went down to see him. The prophet told
the great man to go and dip seven times in Jordan, and
he should be cured of his leprosy.
He did not quite like the way, but after a while he
went and did as the prophet told him, and sure enough the
dreadful disease all left him. He was very thankful and
wanted to pay the prophet a large sum of money, but
Elisha wanted to show him that it was God who had
healed him, and so refused to take it.
90 THE LAW ON STEALING.
Gehazi thought here was a fine chance for him to
get some money. He waited until Naaman and his sol-
diers started for home, then he ran after them as we see
him in the picture. And when he had stopped them, he
told Naaman that his master was willing, now, to take the:
present. Naaman believed what he said, and gave him
a large sum of money, What do you think he did with
it? he went and hid it, for it was stolen. Did any one
else know it? Yes; Elisha, the prophet, for God had
revealed it to him.
When Gehazi came into his presence, Elisha told him
what he had done, and that the dreadful disease which had
been upon Naaman should come upon him. What a fear-
ful punishment for his sin, for he could never be cured.
We cannot steal without God seeing us, and punishment
will come sooner or later.
Those who steal now are not punished as they were
then, but are put in prison, and shut up in a small cell,
where they have to stay for months or years. If you do
not want to get into such a place you must not steal, nor
take the least thing which does not belong to you; for it
is just as much stealing to take a penny or a pencil as to
take a hundred dollars.
Sometimes children begin this habit very young, by
stealing sugar, cake, or pie, when mama does not know it.
But we must not forget, children, that God sees us if no.
one else does, and he has said, "Thou shalt not steal."
THE LAW ON STEALING,
" Thou shall not steal."-Ex. xx:. 15.
Q. Who stole from Naaman the leper?
A. Gehazi, the servant of Elisha.
Q. What tempted him to do it?
A. The love of money.
Q. Why did not Elisha take the present?
A. To show Naaman that it was God who had healed
Q. How did Gehazi get the money?
A. By telling a falsehood, and so broke two command-
Q. How was he punished for his sin ?
A. The leprosy of Naaman came upon him.
Q. What is the punishment now for stealing?
A. To be put in prison.
Q. When do some people begin this sinful habit ?
A. While very young.
Q. Who always sees us when we steal?
A. God, who has said, "Thou shalt not steal."
II. KINGS, 5.
ANANIAS STRUCK DEAD FOR LYING.
THE LAW ON LYING.
Children, do you ever tell a falsehood? God hates;
lying lips, for the Bible tells us so. It is one of his great.
commandments, that we should not bear false witness.
This man you see being carried out, is dead. How
came he to die? He did not tell the truth, which greatly
displeased the Lord, and God caused him to die. This is.
the way it happened.
In the days of Jesus and his disciples the followers,
of Christ sold their possessions, and put the money to-
gether in a common fund, to be used for the poor and to
meet their own needs. A man by the name of Ananias,
and. Sapphira his wife, who pretended to be the followers
of Jesus, wanted to do just as others had done, or have it
seem so to the people.
So they sold their land, but thought they could keep.
back part of the money, and no one would know it. They
had forgotten that God can see in the dark.
The Holy Spirit had told Peter what they had done,
so when Ananias came in to report, Peter asked him why
Satan had filled his heart to tell a lie, and to keep backL
part of the price of the land. When Ananias heard this,
94 THE LAW ON LYING.
immediately he fell down dead, and great fear came upon
all the people. Then the young men arose and carried
him out and buried him.
Not long after his wife came in, not knowing what
had happened to her husband; and Peter asked her
whether she sold the land for so much, and she said for
so much. "Then Peter said unto her, how is it that ye
have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?
Behold the feet of them which have buried thy husband
are at the door, and shall carry thee out. Then fell
she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the
ghost. And the young men came in and found her
dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her hus-
We may learn by this how God hates lying lips.
But lying is not all done with the lips, for sometimes, we
act a lie. Whenever we try to deceive God, or one an-
other, by pretending to be what we are not, we act a lie
and break the commandment of God. It is so much
better, children, always to tell the truth, for we not only
offend God, when we tell a lie, but our friends learn to
distrust and despise us. It may cost us something to be
truthful, but it will cost us more to be untruthful, for the
Bible tells us, that our sin will be sure to find us out.
THE LAW ON LYING.
" Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neigh-
bor."- Ex. xx: 16.
9. What does God hate?
A. Lying lips.
9. What did God do to Ananias for lying?
A. He caused him to die.
9. What did he lie about?
A. The price of his land.
Q. What did his wife do?
A. She told the same lie.
9. What became of her?
A. She died and was buried with her husband.
Q. Why should we always be truthful?
A. Because, God has commanded it.
Q. How may we act a lie?
A. By pretending to be what we are not.
Q. What does the Bible say becomes of liars ?
A. They shall have part in the lake that burneth with
JUDGMENT OF SOLOMON.