• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Half Title
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Note
 Sindbad the sailor
 Ali Baba and the forty thieves
 Appendix
 Back Cover
 Spine






Title: Sinbad the sailor and Ali Baba and the forty thieves
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084084/00001
 Material Information
Title: Sinbad the sailor and Ali Baba and the forty thieves
Physical Description: 279 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Strang, William, 1859-1921 ( Illustrator )
Clark, Joseph Benwell ( Illustrator )
Ballantyne, Hanson and Co ( Printer )
Lawrence & Bullen ( Publisher )
Publisher: Lawrence & Bullen
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co.
Publication Date: 1896
 Subjects
Subject: Youth -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1896   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1896
Genre: Children's stories
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: illustrated by William Strang and J.B. Clark.
General Note: Title page printed in red and black.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084084
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002237544
notis - ALH8032
oclc - 221179703

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Half Title
        Half Title
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
        Title Page 3
    Note
        Page i
    Sindbad the sailor
        Page ii
        Page iii
        The story of Es-Sindibad of the sea and Es-Sindibad of the land
            Page 1
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
        The first voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
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        The second voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 35
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        The third voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 57
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        The fourth voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 85
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        The fifth voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 121
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        The sixth voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 149
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        The seventh voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 167
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    Ali Baba and the forty thieves
        Page 181
        Page 182
        The story of Ali Baba and the forty robbers destroyed by a slave
            Page 183
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            Page 264
    Appendix
        Page 265
        Note
            Page 266
        The seventh voyage of Es-Sindibad of the sea
            Page 267
            Page 268
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    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
    Spine
        Spine
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SINDBAD
THE SAILOR

AND ALI BABA
AND THE FORTY
THIEVES





















12 CARNEGIE BOOK SHOP, 140 EAST

309 Venetian Painters by Frank J.
Mather, Jr. Illus. Large 8vo, d/w. N. Y.,
(1936) (6.50). $4.00
3:10 Wolberg, Maurice. La Vierge et
l'Enfant dans l'Art Francais. 195 helio-
gravures. 2 vols. in one. Thick small
4to, boards, morocco back. Paris, (1933).
$7.00
311 Vuillard, Edouard. By Andrew C.
Ritchie. 88 plates, 25 in color. 4to. d/w.
N. Y., (1954). $3.00
312 Walker, Lydia LeB. Homecraft
Rugs. Their Historic Background, Ro-
mance of Stitchery and Methods of
Making. Illus. in color and line. d/w.
N. Y., 1929. O.P. $4.00
313 Weitenkampf, Frank. How to Ap-
preciate Prints. Illus. N. Y., 1921. Fourth
revised. $3.00


HISTORY AND

320 Angouleme, Marguerite d'. Lettres
de soeur de Francois ler. Reine de
Navarre d'apres les Manuscrits par
F. Genin. Port. Tall 8vo, levant back,
uncut. Paris, Renouard, 1841. $5.00
A fine copy.
FROM '1758 TO 1835
321 Annual Register, The., or a View of
the History, Politics, and Literature of
the Year(s) 1758 to 1835. With the
Index volume 1758-1819. Together 80
volumes, thick 8vo, full contemporary





















293 Rembrandt. Catalogue of Etchings
and Dry Points by .. Port. Small 4to.
N. Y., Grolier Club, 1900. Limited. $2.50
294 Riegl, Alois. Spatromische Kunstin-
dustrie. Prof. Illus. Small 4to. Wien,
(1927). $4.00
295 Russian School of Painting, The. By
Alexandre Benois. Intro. by Christian
Brinton. 32 plates. 4to, boards, uncut.
N. Y., 1916. $7.50
296 Sargen, John. By Evan Charteris.
Illus. Large 8vo. London, (1927). $3.00
297 Scudder, Janet. Modeling My Life.
Illus. Tall 8vo, d/w. N. Y., (1925). $3.50
With an autograph presentation-inscrip-
tion by the author on the title-page.
298 [Silver] Chats on Old Silver. By
E. L. Lowes. Illus. N. Y., n.d. $3.50
299 Stothard, Thomas. By A. C. Gox-
head. Prof. Illus. Roy 8vo; cover spots.
London, 1906. $4.50
Covers most of the illustrated work of
this artist.
300 [Strang Illustrations] Sinbad the
Sailor and Ali Baba and the Forty
Thieves. Illus. by William Strang and e
J. B. Clark, Tall 8vo. London, 1,896. $3.50
301 Strong, Eugenie. Art in Ancient
Rome. From the Earliest Time to
the First Century A. D. Illus. 2 vols.
N. Y., 1928. $4.00
302 Stuart and Georgian Churches. The
Architecture of the Church of England
outside London, 1603-1837. Illus. d/w.
London, (1947). $2.75









HE SAILOR
ALI BABA
&THE FORTY
fHIEVE









SINDBAD

THE SAILOR


AND ALI BABA

AND THE FORTY
THIEVES

ILLUSTRATED BY WILLIAM STRANGE
AND J. B. CLARK


LONDON
LAWRENCE AND BULLPEN
16 HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN
1896
































































Printed by BALLANTYNE, HANSON & Co.
At the Ballantyne Press
















NOTE


In the present Edition, Edward William Lane's

translation has been followed for SINDBAD THE

SAILOR, and the Rev. Jonathan Scott's for ALI
BABA AND THE FORTY THIEVES.



















SINDBAD THE SAILOR
















THE STORY OF


ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
AND

ES-SINDIBAD OF THE LAND


HERE was, in the time of the
Khaleefeh, the Prince of the Faith-
ful, HAroon Er-Rasheed, in the
city of Baghdad, a man called Es-
SindibAd the Porter. He was a
man in poor circumstances, who bore burdens
for hire upon his head. And it happened to
him that he bore one day a heavy burden,
and that day was excessively hot; so he' was
wearied by the load, and perspired profusely, the
heat violently oppressing him. In this state he
passed by the door of a merchant, the ground
before which was swept and sprinkled, and there









2 THE STORY OF ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
the air was temperate; and by the side of the
door was a wide mastabah. The porter there-
fore put down his burden upon that mastabah,
to rest himself, and to scent the air; and when
he had done so, there came forth upon him,
from the door, a pleasant, gentle gale, and an
exquisite odour, wherewith the porter was de-
lighted. He seated himself upon the edge of
the mastabah, and heard in that place the melo-
dious sounds of stringed instruments, with the
lute among them, and mirth-exciting voices, and
varieties of distinct recitations. He heard also
the voices of birds, warbling, and praising God
(whose name be exalted !) with diverse tones and
with all dialects; consisting of turtle-doves and
hezArs and blackbirds and nightingales and ring-
doves and keerawAns; whereupon he wondered
in his mind, and was moved with great delight.
He then advanced to that door, and found within
the house a great garden, wherein he beheld
pages and slaves and servants and other de-
pendants, and such things as existed not else-
where save in the abodes of Kings and Sultans;
and after that, there blew upon him the odour
of delicious, exquisite viands, of all different
kinds, and of delicious wine.
Upon this he raised his eyes towards heaven,








AND ES-SINDIBAD OF THE LAND


and said, "Extolled be Thy perfection, 0 Lord!
O Creator! 0 Supplier of the conveniences of
life! Thou supplies whom Thou wilt without
reckoning! 0 Allah, I implore Thy forgiveness
of all offences, and turn to Thee repenting of all
faults! 0 Lord, there is no animadverting upon
Thee with respect to Thy judgment and Thy power;
for Thou art not to be questioned regarding that
which Thou doest, and Thou art able to do what-
soever Thou wilt! Extolled be Thy perfection!
Thou enrichest whom Thou wilt, and whom Thou
wilt Thou impoverishest! Thou magnifiest whom
Thou wilt, and whom Thou wilt Thou abasest!
There is no deity but Thou How great is Thy
dignity! and how mighty is Thy dominion! and
how excellent is Thy government! Thou hast
bestowed favors upon him whom Thou choosest
among Thy servants, and the owner of this place
is in the utmost affluence, delighting himself with
pleasant odours and delicious meats and exquisite
beverages of all descriptions. And Thou hast
appointed unto Thy creatures what Thou wilt, and
what Thou hast predestined for them; so that
among them one is weary, and another is at ease;
and one of them is prosperous, and another is
like me, in the extreme of fatigue and abjec-
tion!" And he recited thus:-









4 THE STORY OF ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
"How many wretched persons are destitute of ease and how
many are in luxury, reposing in the shade !
I find myself afflicted by trouble beyond measure; and strange
is my condition, and heavy is my load !
Others are in prosperity, and from wretchedness are free, and
never for a single day have borne a load like mine;
Incessantly and amply blest, throughout the course of life,
with happiness and grandeur, as well as drink and meat.
All men whom God hath made are in origin alike; and I
resemble this man, and he resembleth me;
But otherwise, between us is a difference as great as the differ-
ence that we find between wine and vinegar.
Yet in saying this, I utter no falsehood against Thee, [0 my Lord;]
for Thou art wise, and with justice Thou hast judged."
And when Es-Sindibdd the Porter had finished
the recitation of his verses, he desired to take up
his burden and to depart. But, lo, there came
forth .to him from that door a young page,
handsome in countenance, comely in stature,
magnificent in apparel; and he laid hold upon
the porter's hand, saying to him, Enter : answer
the summons of my master; for he calleth for
thee." And the porter would have refused to
enter with the page; but he could not. He
therefore deposited his burden with the door-
keeper in the entrance-passage, and, entering
the house with the page, he found it to be a
handsome mansion, presenting an appearance of
joy and majesty. And he looked towards a grand
chamber, in which he beheld noblemen and great
lords; and in it were all kinds of flowers, and all








AND ES-SINDIBAD OF THE LAND


kinds of sweet scents, and varieties of dried and
fresh fruits, together with abundance of various
kinds of exquisite viands, and beverage prepared
from the fruit of the choicest grape-vines. In it
were also instruments of music and mirth, and
varieties of beautiful slave-girls, all ranged in
proper order. And at the upper end of that
chamber was a great and venerable man, in the
sides of whose beard grey hairs had begun to
appear. He was of handsome form, comely in
countenance, with an aspect of gravity and dignity
and majesty and stateliness. So, upon this, Es-
Sindibid the Porter was confounded, and he said
within himself, "By Allah, this place is a portion
of Paradise, or it is the palace of a King or Sultan !"
Then, putting himself in a respectful posture, he
saluted the assembly, prayed for them, and kissed
the ground before them; after which he stood,
hanging down his head in humility. But the
master of the house gave him permission to seat
himself. He therefore sat. And the master of
the house had caused him to draw near unto him,
and now began to cheer him with conversation,
and to welcome him; and he put before him some
of the various excellent, delicious, exquisite viands.
So Es-Sindibid the Porter advanced, and, having
said, "In the name of God, the Compassionate,








6 THE STORY OF ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
the Merciful,"-ate until he was satisfied and
satiated, when he said, "Praise be to God in
every case "-and washed his hands, and thanked
them for this.
The master of the house then said, "Thou art
welcome, and thy day is blessed. What is thy
name, and what trade dost thou follow? "-" 0 my
master," he answered, my name is Es-Sindibad the
Porter, and I bear upon my head men's merchan-
dise for hire." And at this, the master of the
house smiled, and he said to him, "Know, 0
porter, that thy name is like mine; for I am Es-
Sindibad of the Sea: but, 0 porter, I desire that
thou let me hear the verses that thou wast reciting
when thou wast at the door." The porter there-
fore was ashamed, and said to him, "I conjure
thee by Allah that thou be not angry with me;
for fatigue and trouble, and paucity of what the
hand possesseth, teach a man ill manners, and
impertinence." His host, however, replied, "Be
not ashamed; for thou hast become my brother:
recite then the verses, since they pleased me when
I heard them from thee as thou recitedst them at
the door." So upon this the porter recited to him
those verses, and they pleased him, and he was
moved with delight on hearing them. He then
said to him: 0 porter, know that my story is










1


P'A.r~d
(1 I' I
b


To face page 6.


6,








AND ES-SINDIBAD OF THE LAND 9
wonderful, and I will inform thee of all that
happened to me and befell me before I attained
this prosperity and sat in this place wherein thou
seest me. For I attained not this prosperity
and this place save after severe fatigue and great
trouble and many terrors. How often have I
endured fatigue and toil in my early years! I
have performed seven voyages, and connected
with each voyage is a wonderful tale, that would
confound the mind. All that which I endured
happened by fate and destiny, and from that
which is written there is no escape nor flight.















THE FIRST VOYAGE' OF


ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA.


NOW, 0 masters, 0 noble persons,
that I had a father, a merchant,
who was one of the first in rank
among the people and the mer-
-chants, and who possessed abun-
dant wealth and ample fortune. He died when
I was a young child, leaving to me wealth and
buildings and fields; and when I grew up, I put
my hand upon the whole of the property, ate
well and drank well, associated with the young
men, wore handsome apparel, and passed my life
with my friends and companions, feeling confident
that this course would continue and profit me;
and I ceased not to live in this manner for a
length of time. I then returned to my reason,
and recovered from my heedlessness, and found
that my wealth had passed away, and my con-
dition had changed, and all [the money] that I
had possessed had gone. I recovered not to see
IO0








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


my situation, but in a state of fear and confusion
of mind, and remembered a tale that I had heard
before, the tale of our lord Suleyman the son of
DWood (on both of whom be. peace !) respecting
his saying, "Three things are better than three:
the day of death is better than the day of birth;
and a living dog is better than a dead lion; and
the grave is better than the palace." Then I
arose, and collected what I had, of effects and
apparel, and sold them; after which I sold my
buildings and all that my hand possessed, and
amassed three thousand pieces of silver; and it
occurred to my mind to travel to the countries
of other people; and I remembered one of the
sayings of the poets, which was this:-
In proportion to one's labour, eminences are gained; and he
who seeketh eminence passeth sleepless nights.
He diveth in the sea who seeketh for pearls, and succeedeth in
acquiring lordship and good fortune.
Whoso seeketh eminence without labouring for it, loseth his
life in the search of vanity.
Upon this, I resolved, and arose, and bought
for myself goods and commodities and merchan-
dise, with such other things as were required
for travel; and my mind had consented to my
performing a sea-voyage. So I embarked in a
ship, and it descended to the city of El-Basrah,
with a company of merchants; and-we traversed








12 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
the sea for many days and nights. We had
passed by island after island, and from sea to
sea, and from land to land; and in every place
by which we passed we sold and bought, and
exchanged merchandise. We continued our voy-
age until we arrived at an island like one of
the gardens of Paradise, and at that island the
master of the ship brought her to anchor with
us. He cast the anchor, and put forth the
landing-plank, and all who were in the ship
landed upon that island. They had prepared for
themselves fire-pots, and they lighted the fires in
them; and their occupations were various: some
cooked; others washed; and others amused them-
selves. I was among those who were amusing
themselves upon the shores of the island, and
the passengers were assembled to eat and drink
and play and sport. But while we were thus
engaged, lo, the master of the ship, standing
upon its side, called out with his loudest voice,
" 0 ye passengers, whom may God preserve!
come up quickly into the ship, hasten to embark,
and leave your merchandise, and flee for your
lives, and save yourselves from destruction; for
this apparent island, upon which ye are, is not
really an island, but it is a great fish that hath
become stationary in the midst of the sea, and








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


the sand hath accumulated upon it, so that it
hath become like an island, and trees have grown
upon it since times of old; and when ye lighted
upon it the fire, it felt the heat, and put itself in
motion, and now it will descend with you into the
sea, and ye will all be drowned: then seek for
yourselves escape before. destruction, and leave
the merchandise!" The passengers, therefore,
hearing the words of the master of the ship,
hastened to go up into the vessel, leaving the
merchandise, and their other goods, and their
copper cooking-pots, and their fire pots; and
some reached the ship, and others reached it not.
The island had moved, and descended to the bot-
tom of the sea, with all that were upon it, and the
roaring sea, agitated with waves, closed over it.
I was among the number of those who remained
behind upon the island; so I sank in the sea
with the rest who sank. But God (whose name
be exalted!) delivered me and saved me from
drowning, and supplied me with a great wooden
bowl, of the bowls in which the passengers had
been washing, and I laid hold upon it and got
into it, induced by the sweetness of life, and
beat the water with my feet as with oars, while
the waves sported with me, tossing me to the
right and left. The master of the vessel had








14 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
caused her sails to be spread, and pursued his
voyage with those who had embarked, not re-
garding such as had been submerged; and I
ceased not to look at that vessel until it was
concealed from my eye. I made sure of de-
struction, and night came upon me while I was
in this state; but I remained so a day and a
night, and the wind and the waves aided me
until the bowl came to a stoppage with me
under a high island, whereon were trees over-
hanging the sea. So I laid hold upon a branch
of a lofty tree, and clung to it, after I had been
at the point of destruction; and I kept hold
upon it until I landed on the island, when I
found my legs benumbed, and saw marks of
the nibbling of fish upon their hams, of which
I had been insensible by reason of the violence
of the anguish and fatigue I was suffering.
I threw myself upon the island like one
dead, and was unconscious of my existence, and
drowned in my stupefaction; and I ceased not
to remain in this condition until the next day.
The sun having then risen upon me, I awoke
upon the island, and found that my feet were
swollen, and that I had become reduced to the
state in which I then was. Awhile I dragged
myself along in a sitting posture, and then I








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


crawled upon my knees. And there were in
the island fruits in abundance, and springs of
sweet water: therefore I ate of those fruits;
and I ceased not to continue in this state for
many days and nights. My spirit had then


revived, my soul had returned to me, and my
power of motion was renewed; and I began to
meditate, and to walk along .the shore of the
island, amusing myself among the trees with the
sight of the things that God (whose name be








T6 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
exalted!) had created; and I had made for my-
self a staff from those trees, to lean upon it.
Thus I remained until I walked, one day, upon
the shore of the island, and there appeared unto
me an indistinct object in the distance. I
imagined that it was a wild beast, or one of the
beasts of the sea; and I walked towards it,
ceasing not to gaze at it; and, lo, it was a
mare, of superb appearance, tethered in a part
of the island by the sea-shore. I approached
her; but she cried out against me with a great
cry, and I trembled with fear of her, and was
about to return, when, behold, a man came forth
from beneath the earth, and he called to me
and pursued me, saying to me, "Who art thou,
and whence hast thou come, and what is the
cause of thine arrival in this place?" So I
answered him, "0 my master, know that I am
a stranger, and I was in a ship, and was sub-
merged in the sea with certain others of the
passengers; but God supplied me with a wooden
bowl, and I got into it, and it bore me along
until the waves cast me upon this island." And
when he heard my words, he laid hold of my
hand and said to me, "Come with me." I
therefore went with him, and he descended with
me into a grotto beneath the earth, and con-








































































To face page 16.








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


ducted me into a large subterranean chamber,
and, having seated me at the upper end of that
chamber, brought me some food. I was hungry;
so I ate until I was satiated and contented, and
my soul became at ease. Then he asked me
respecting my case, and what had happened to
me; wherefore I acquainted him with my whole
affair from beginning to end; and he wondered
at my story.
And when I had finished my tale, I said, "I
conjure thee by Allah, O my master, that thou
be not displeased with me: I have acquainted
thee with the truth of my case and of what hath
happened to me, and I desire of thee that thou
inform me who thou. art, and what is the cause
of thy dwelling in this chamber that is beneath
the earth, and what is the reason of thy tethering
this mare by the seaside." So he replied, "Know
that we are a party dispersed in this island, upon
its shores, and we are the grooms of the King
El-Mihraj, having under our care all his horses;
and every month, when moonlight commenceth,
we bring the swift mares, and tether them in
this island, every mare that has not foaled,
and conceal ourselves in this chamber beneath
the earth, that they may attract the sea-horses.
This is the time of the coming forth of the sea-









20 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
horse; and afterwards, if it be the will of God
(whose name be exalted !), I will take thee with
me to the King El-Mihraj, and divert thee with
the sight of our country. Know, moreover, that
if thou hadst not met with us, thou hadst not
seen any one in this place, and wouldst have
died in misery, none knowing of thee. But I
will be the means of the preservation of thy
life, and of thy return to thy country." I there-
fore prayed for him, and thanked him for his
kindness and beneficence; and while we were
thus talking, the horse came forth from the sea,
as he had said. And shortly after, his com-
panions came, each leading a mare; and, seeing
me with him, they inquired of me my story, and I
told them what I had related to him. They then
drew near to me, and spread the table, and ate,
and invited me: so I ate with them; after which,
they arose, and mounted the horses, taking me
with them, having mounted me on a mare.
We commenced our journey, and proceeded
without ceasing until we arrived at the city of the
King El-Mihraj, and they went in to him and ac-
quainted him with my story. He therefore desired
my presence, and they took me in to him, and sta-
tioned me before him ; whereupon I saluted him,
and he returned my salutation, and welcomed me,








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


greeting me in an honourable manner, and in-
quired of me respecting my case. So I informed
him of all that had happened to me, and of all
that I had seen, from beginning to end; and he
wondered at- that which had befallen me and
happened to me, and said to me, 0 my son, by
Allah thou hast experienced an extraordinary
preservation, and had it not been for the pre-
destined length of thy life, thou hadst not escaped
from these difficulties; but praise be to God for
thy safety Then he treated me with beneficence
and honour, caused me to draw near to him, and
began to cheer me with conversation and courtesy;
and he made me his superintendent of the sea-port,
and registrar of every vessel that came to the
coast. I stood in his presence to transact his
affairs, and he favoured me and benefited me in
every respect; he invested me with a handsome
and costly dress, and I became a person high in
credit with him in intercessions, and in accom-
plishing the affairs of the people. I ceased not
to remain in his service for a long time; and
whenever I went to the shore of the sea, I used
to inquire of the merchants and travellers and
sailors respecting the direction of the city of
BaghdAd, that perchance some one might inform
me of it, and I might go with him thither and








22 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
return to my country; but none knew it, nor
knew any one who went to it. At this I was
perplexed, and I was weary of the length of my
absence from home; and in this state I con-
tinued for a length of time, until I went in one
day to the King El-Mihraj, and found with him
a party of Indians. I saluted them, and they
returned my salutation, and welcomed me, and
asked me respecting my country; after which, I
questioned them as to their country, and they
told me that they consisted of various races.
Among them are the ShAkireeyeh, who are the
most noble of their races, who oppress no one,
nor offer violence to any. And among them are
a class called the BrAhmans, a people who never
drink wine; but they are persons of pleasure and
joy and sport and merriment, and possessed of
camels and horses and cattle. They informed me
also that the Indians are divided into seventy-
two classes; and I wondered at this extremely.
And I saw, in the dominions of the King El-
Mihraj, an island, among others, which is called
Kdsil, in which is heard the beating of tambour-
ines and drums throughout the night, and the
islanders and travellers informed us that Ed-
Dejjil is in it. I saw too, in the sea in which is
that island, a fish two hundred cubits long, and





























\7Zh


To facepage 22.








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


the fishermen fear it; wherefore they knock some
pieces of wood, and it fleeth from them: and I
saw a fish whose face was like that of the owl.
I likewise saw during that voyage many wonder-
ful and strange things, such that, if I related
them to you, the description would be too long.
I continued to amuse myself with the sight of
those islands and the things that they contained,
until I stood one day upon the shore of the
sea, with a staff in my hand, as was my custom,
and, lo, a great vessel approached, wherein were
many merchants; and when it arrived at the
harbour of the city, and its place of anchoring,
the master furled its sails, brought it to an
anchor by the shore, and put forth the landing-
plank; and the sailors brought out every thing
that was in that vessel to the shore. They
were slow in taking forth the goods, while I
stood writing their account, and I said to the
master of the ship, "Doth aught remain in thy
vessel?" He answered, "Yes, 0 my master; I
have some goods in the hold of the ship; but
their owner was drowned in the sea at one of
the islands during our voyage hither, and his
goods are in our charge; so we desire to sell
them, and to take a note of their price, in
order to convey it to his family in the city of








THE FIRST VOYAGE OF


Baghdad, the Abode of Peace." I therefore said
to the master, "What was the name of that
man, the owner of the goods?" He answered,
"His name was Es-SindibAd of the Sea, and
he was drowned on his voyage with us in the
sea." And when I heard his words, I looked at
him with a scrutinising eye, and recognized him;
and I cried out at him with a great cry, and said,
" master, know that I am the owner of the
goods which thou hast mentioned, and I am Es-
Sindibad of the Sea, who descended upon the
island from the ship, with the other merchants
who descended; and when the fish that we
were upon moved, and thou calledst out to us,
some got up into the vessel, and the rest sank,
and I was among those who sank. But God
(whose name be exalted!) preserved me and
saved me from drowning by means of a large
wooden bowl, of those in which the passengers
were washing, and I got into it, and began to
beat the water with my feet, and the wind and
the waves aided me until I arrived at this
island, when I landed on it, and God (whose
name be exalted!) assisted me, and I met the
grooms of the King El-Mihrij, who took me
with them and brought me to this city. They
then led me in to the King El-Mihraj, and I








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


acquainted him with my story; whereupon he
bestowed benefits upon me, and appointed me
clerk of the harbour of this city, and I ob-
tained profit in his service, and favour with
him. Therefore these goods that thou hast are
my goods and my portion."
But the master said, "There is no strength
nor power but in God, the High, the Great!
There is no longer faith nor conscience in any
one !"-" Wherefore, O master," said I, when
thou hast heard me tell thee my story?" He
answered, "Because thou hardest me say that
I had goods whose owner was drowned: there-
fore thou desirest to take them without price;
and this is unlawful to thee; for we saw him
when he sank, and there were with him many
of the passengers, not one of whom escaped.
How then dost thou pretend that thou art the
owner of the goods?" So I said to him, "O
master, hear my story, and understand my
words, and my veracity will become manifest
to thee; for falsehood is a characteristic of the
hypocrites." Then I related to him all that I
had done from the time that I went forth
with him from the city of Baghdad until we
arrived at that island upon which we were sub-
merged in the sea, and I mentioned to him








28 THE FIRST VOYAGE OF
some circumstances that had occurred between
me and him. Upon this, therefore, the master
and the merchants were convinced of my vera-
city, and recognized me; and they congratu-
lated me on my safety, all of them saying,
"By Allah, we believed not that thou hadst
escaped drowning; but God hath granted thee
a new life." They then gave me the goods,
and I found my name written upon them, and
nought of them was missing. So I opened
them, and took forth from them something
precious and costly; the sailors of the ship
carried it with me, and I went up with it
to the King to offer it as a present, and
informed him that this ship was the one in
which I was a passenger. I told him also
that my goods had arrived all entire, and that
this present was a part of them. And the
King wondered at this affair extremely; my
veracity in all that I had said became manifest
to him, and he loved me greatly, and treated
me with exceeding honour, giving me a large
present in return for mine.
Then I sold my bales, as well as the other
goods that I had, and gained upon them abun-
dantly; and I purchased other goods and mer-
chandise and commodities of that city. And














































Toface page 28.


%^








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 31
when the merchants of the ship desired to set
forth on their voyage, I stowed all that I had in
the vessel, and, going in to the King, thanked him
for his beneficence and kindness; after which I
begged him to grant me permission to depart on
my voyage to my country and my family. So
he bade me farewell, and gave me an abundance
of things at my departure, of the commodities of
that city; and when I had taken leave of him, I
embarked in the ship, and we set sail by the per-
mission of God, whose name be exalted Fortune
served us, and destiny aided us, and we ceased not
to prosecute our voyage night and day until we
arrived in safety at the city of El-Basrah. There
we landed, and remained a short time; and I
rejoiced at my safety, and my return to my
country; and after that, I repaired to the city of
Baghdad, the Abode of Peace, with abundance of
bales and goods and merchandise of great value.
Then I went to my quarter, and entered my
house, and all my family and companions came to
me. I procured for myself servants and other de-
pendants, and memlooks and concubines and male
black slaves, so that I had a large establishment;
and I purchased houses and other immovable
possessions, more than I had at first. I enjoyed
the society of my companions and friends, ex-








32 ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
ceeding my former habits, and forgot all that I
had suffered from fatigue, and absence from my
native country, and difficulty, and the terrors of
travel. I occupied myself with delights and
pleasures, and delicious meats and exquisite
drinks, and continued in this state. Such were
the events of the first of my voyages; and to-
morrow, if it be the will of God (whose name
be exalted !), I will relate to you the tale of the
second of the seven voyages.
Es-Sindibad of the Sea then made Es-Sindibad
of the Land to sup with him; after which he
gave orders to present him with a hundred pieces
of gold, and said to him, "Thou hast cheered us
by thy company this day." So the porter thanked
him, and took from him what he had given him,
and went his way, meditating upon the events
that befell and happened to mankind, and won-
dering extremely. He slept that night in his
abode; and when the morning came, he repaired
to the house of Es-Sindibad of the Sea, and went
in to him; and he welcomed him, and treated
him with honour, seating him by him. And after
the rest of his companions had come, the food
and drink were set before them, and the time
was pleasant to them, and they were merry. Then
Es-Sindibad of the Sea began his narrative thus :-















)IA


To face page 32.


.111~..















THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA.


NOW, O my brothers, that I was
enjoying a most comfortable life,
and the most pure happiness, as ye
were told yesterday, until it occurred
to my mind, one day, to travel again
to the lands of other people, and I felt a longing
for the occupation of traffic, and the pleasure of
seeing the countries and islands of the world, and
gaining my subsistence. I resolved upon that
affair, and, having taken forth from my money
a large sum, I purchased with it goods and
merchandise suitable for travel, and packed them
up. Then I went to the bank of the river, and
found a handsome new vessel, with sails of
comely canvas, and it had a numerous crew,
and was superfluously equipped. So I embarked
my bales in it, as did also a party of merchants
besides, and we set sail that day. The voyage
was pleasant to us, and we ceased not to pass
35








36 THE SECOND VOYAGE OF
from sea to sea, and from island to island; and
at every place where we cast anchor, we met the
merchants and the grandees, and the sellers and
buyers, and we sold and bought, and exchanged
goods. Thus we continued to do until destiny
conveyed us to a beautiful island, abounding with
trees bearing ripe fruits, where flowers diffused
their fragrance, with birds warbling, and pure
rivers: but there was not in it an inhabitant,
nor a blower of a fire. The master anchored our
vessel at that island, and the merchants with the
other passengers landed there, to amuse them-
selves with the sight of its trees, and to extol
the perfection of God, the One, the Omnipotent,
and to wonder at the power of the Almi]ghty
King. I also landed upon the island with the
rest, and sat by a spring of pure water among
the trees. I had with me some food, and I sat
in that place eating what God (whose name be
exalted!) had allotted me. The zephyr was sweet
to us in that place, and the time was pleasant to
me; so slumber overcame me, and I reposed there,
and became immersed in sleep, i-nji.yingi that
sweet zephyr, and the fragrant gales. I then
arose, and found not in the place a human bi.in"
nor a Jinnee. The vessel had gone with the
passengers, and not one of them remembered

































































Toface page 36.








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 39
me, neither any of the merchants nor any of the
sailors: so they left me in the island.
I looked about it to the right and left, and
found not in it any one save myself. I was
therefore affected with violent vexation, not to
be exceeded, and my gall-bladder almost burst
by reason of the severity of my grief and mourn-
ing and fatigue. I had not with me aught of
worldly goods, neither food nor drink, and I had
become desolate, weary in my soul, and despairing
of life; and I said, "Not every time doth the jar
escape unbroken; and if I escaped the first time,
and found him who took me with him from the
shore of the island to the inhabited part, far, far
from me this time is the prospect of my finding
him who will convey me to inhabited lands!"
Then I began to weep and wail for myself until
vexation overpowered me; and I blamed myself
for that which I had done, and for my having
undertaken this voyage and fatigue after I had
been reposing at ease in my abode and my country,
in ample happiness, and enjoying good food and
good drink and good apparel, and had not been
in want of anything, either of money or goods
or merchandise. I repented of my having gone
forth from the city of Baghdad, and set out on
a voyage over the sea, after the fatigue that I








40 THE SECOND VOYAGE OF
had. suffered during my first voyage, and I felt
at the point of destruction, and said, "Verily to
God we belong, and verily unto Him we return "
And I was in the predicament of the mad. After
that, I rose and stood up, and walked about the
island to the right and left, unable to sit in one
place. Then I climbed up a lofty tree; and
began to look from it to the right and left; but
saw nought save sky and water, and trees and
birds, and islands and sands. Looking, however,
with a scrutinising eye, there appeared to me
on the island a white object, indistinctly seen
in the distance, of enormous size: so I descended
from the tree, and went towards it, and proceeded
in that direction without stopping until I arrived
at it; and, lo, it was a huge white dome, of great
height and large circumference. I drew near to
it, and walked round it; but perceived no door
to it; and I found that I had hot strength nor
activity to climb it, on account of its exceeding
smoothness. I made a mark at the place where
I stood, and went round the dome measuring its
circumference; and, lo, it was fifty full paces;
and I meditated upon some means of gaining
an entrance into it.
The close of the day, and the setting of the
sun, had now drawn near; and, behold, the sun








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


was hidden, and the sky became dark, and the
sun was veiled from me. I therefore imagined


that a cloud had come over it; but this was in
the season of summer: so I wondered; and I
raised my head, and, contemplating that object








THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


attentively, I saw that it was a bird, of enormous
size, bulky body, and wide wings, flying in the
air; and this it was that concealed the body of
the sun, and veiled it from view upon the island.
At this my wonder increased, and I remembered
a story which travellers and voyagers had told
me long before, that there is, in certain of the
islands, a bird of enormous size, called the rukh',
that feedeth its young ones with elephants. I
was convinced, therefore, that the dome which
I had seen was one of the eggs of the rukh'. I
wondered at the works of God (whose name be
exalted!); and while I was in this state, lo, that
bird alighted upon the dome, and brooded over
it with its wings, stretching out its legs behind
upon the ground; and it slept over it.-Extolled
be the perfection of Him who sleepeth not !-
Thereupon I arose, and unwound my turban from
my head, and folded it and twisted it so that it
became like a rope; and I girded myself with it,
binding it tightly round my waist, and tied myself
by it to one of the feet of that bird, and made the
knot fast, saying within myself, Perhaps this bird
will convey me to a land of cities and inhabitants,
and that will be better than my remaining in this
island." I passed the night sleepless, fearing that,
if I slept, the bird would fly away with me when I
























To face page 42.


B








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 45
was not aware; and when the dawn came, and
morn appeared, the bird rose from its egg, and
uttered a great cry, and drew me up into the sky.
It ascended and soared up so high that I ima-
gined it had reached the highest region of the
sky; and after that, it descended with me gradu-
ally until it alighted with me upon the earth,
and rested upon a lofty spot. So when I reached
the earth, I hastily untied the bond from its foot,
fearing it, though it knew not of me nor was
sensible of me; and after I had loosed my turban
from it, and disengaged it from its foot, shaking
as I did so, I walked away. Then it took some-
thing from the face of the earth in its talons,
and soared to the upper region of the sky; and
I looked attentively at that thing, and, lo, it was
a serpent, of enormous size, of great body, which
it had taken and carried off towards the sea; and
I wondered at that event.
After this, I walked about that place, and
found myself upon an eminence, beneath which
was a large, wide, deep valley; and by its side
a great mountain, very high; no one could see
its summit by reason of its excessive height,
and no one had power to ascend it. I therefore
blamed myself for that which I had done, and
said, "Would that I had remained in the island,








THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


since it is better than this desert place; for in
the island are found, among various fruits, what
I might have eaten, and I might have drunk
of its rivers; but in this place are neither trees
nor fruits nor rivers: and there is no strength
nor power but in God, the High, the Great!
Verily every time that I escape from a calamity,
I fall into another that is greater and more
severe!" Then I arose, and emboldened my-
self, and walked in that valley; and I beheld
its ground to be composed of diamonds, with
which they perforate minerals and jewels, and
with which also they perforate porcelain and
the onyx; and it is a stone so hard that neither
iron nor rock have any effect upon it, nor can
any one cut off aught from it, or break it, un-
less by means of the lead-stone. All that valley
was likewise occupied by serpents and venomous
snakes, every one of them like a palm-tree; and
by reason of its enormous size, if an elephant
came to it, it would swallow it. Those serpents
appeared in the night, and hid themselves in
the day, fearing lest the rukh' and the vulture
should carry them off, and after that tear them
in pieces; and the cause of that I know not.
I remained in that valley, repenting of what
I had done, and said within myself, "By Allah,








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 47
I have hastened my own destruction!" The
day departed from me, and I began to walk
along that valley, looking for a place in which
to pass the night, fearing those serpents, and
forgetting my food and drink and subsistence,
occupied only by care for my life. And there
appeared to me a cave near by; so I walked
thither, and I found its entrance narrow. I
therefore entered it, and, seeing a large stone
by its mouth, I pushed it, and stopped with
it the mouth of the cave while I was within
it; and I said within myself, "I am safe now
that I have entered this place; and when day-
light shineth upon me, I will go forth, and
see what destiny will do." Then I looked
within the cave, and beheld a huge serpent
sleeping at the upper end of it over its eggs.
At this my flesh quaked, and I raised my head,
and committed my case to fate and destiny;
and I passed all the night sleepless, until the
dawn rose and shone, when I removed the
stone with which I had closed the entrance
of the cave, and went forth from it like one
intoxicated, giddy from excessive sleeplessness
and hunger and fear.
I then walked along the valley; and while I
was thus occupied, lo, a great slaughtered animal
C







THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


fell before me, and I found no one. So I won-
dered threat extremely; and I remembered a
story that I had heard long before from certain
of the merchants and travellers, and persons in
the habit of journeying about,-that in the moun-
tains of the diamonds are experienced great
terrors, and that no one can gain access to the
diamonds, but that the merchants who import
them know a stratagem by means of which to
obtain them; that they take a sheep, and
slaughter it, and skin it, and cut up its flesh,
which they throw down from the mountain to the
bottom of the valley; so, descending fresh and
moist, some of these stones stick to it. Then the
merchants leave it until midday, and birds of the
large kind of vulture and the aquiline vulture de-
scend to that meat, and, taking it in their talons,
fly up to the top of the mountain; whereupon the
merchants come to them, and cry out at them,
and they fly away from the meat. The merchants
then advance to that meat, and take from it the
stones sticking to it; after which they leave the
meat for the birds and the wild beasts, and carry
the stones to their countries. And no one can
procure the diamonds but by means of this strata-
gem. Therefore when I beheld that slaughtered
animal, and remembered this story, I arose and








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 49
went to the slaughtered beast. I then selected
a great number of these stones, and put them
into my pocket, and within my clothes; and I
proceeded to select, and to put into my pockets
and my girdle and my turban, and within my


clothes. And while I was doing thus, lo, another
great slaughtered animal. So I bound myself to it
with my turban, and, laying myself down on my
back, placed it upon my bosom, and grasped it
firmly. Thus it was raised high above the ground;
and, behold, a vulture descended upon it, seized it








THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


with its talons, and flew up with it into the air,
with me attached to it; and it ceased not to soar
up until it had ascended with it to the summit of
the mountain, when it alighted with it, and was
about to tear off some of it. And thereupon a
great and loud cry arose from behind that vulture,
and something made a clattering with a piece of
wood upon the mountain; whereat the vulture
flew away in fear, and soared into the sky.
I therefore disengaged myself from the
slaughtered animal, with the blood of which
my clothes were polluted; and I stood by its
side. And, lo, the merchant who had cried out
at the vulture advanced to the slaughtered
animal, and saw me standing there. He spoke
not to me; for he was frightened at me, and
terrified; but he came to the slaughtered beast,
and turned it over; and, not finding anything
upon it, he uttered a loud cry, and said, Oh, my
disappointment! There is no strength nor power
but in God! We seek refuge with God from
Satan the accursed!" He repented, and struck
hand upon hand, and said, "Oh, my grief!
What is this affair ?" So I advanced to him,
and he said to me, "Who art thou, and what is
the reason of thy coming to this place ?" I
answered him, "Fear not, nor be alarmed; for








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 51
I am a human being, of the best of mankind;
and I was a merchant, and my tale is marvel-
lous, and my story extraordinary, and the cause
of my coming to this mountain and this valley
is wondrous to relate. Fear not; for thou shalt
receive of me what will rejoice thee : I have with
me abundance of diamonds, of which I will give
thee as much as will suffice thee, and every piece
that I have is better than all that would come to
thee by other means: therefore be not timorous
nor afraid." And upon this the man thanked me,
and prayed for me, and conversed with me; and,
lo, the other merchants heard me talking with
their companion; so they came to me. Each
merchant had thrown down a slaughtered animal;
and when they came to us, they saluted me, and
congratulated me on my safety, and took me
with them; and I acquainted them with my whole
story, relating to them what I had suffered on my
voyage, and telling them the cause of my arrival
in this valley. Then I gave to the owner of the
slaughtered animal to which I had attached my-
self an abundance of what I had brought with
me; and he was delighted with me, and prayed
for me, and thanked me for that; and the other
merchants said to me, "By Allah, a new life
hath been decreed thee; for no one ever arrived








THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


at this place before thee and escaped from it;
but praised be to God for thy safety!" They
passed the next night in a pleasant and safe
place, and I passed the night with them, full
of the utmost joy at my safety and my escape


from the valley of serpents, and my arrival in an
inhabited country.
And when day came, we arose and journeyed
over that great mountain, beholding in that
valley numerous serpents; and we continued to
advance until we arrived at a garden in a great








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 53

and beautiful island, wherein were camphor-trees,
under each of which trees a hundred men might
shade themselves. When any one desireth to
obtain some camphor from one of these trees,
he maketh a perforation in the upper part of
it with something long, and catcheth what de-
scendeth from it. The liquid camphor floweth
from it, and concreteth like gum. It is the
juice of that tree; and after this operation, the
tree drieth, and becometh firewood. In that
island too is a kind of wild beast called the
rhinoceros, which pastureth there like oxen and
buffaloes in our country; but the bulk of that
wild beast is greater than the bulk of the camel,
and it eateth the tender leaves of trees. It is
a huge beast, with a single horn, thick, in the
middle of its head, a cubit in length, wherein
is the figure of a man. And in that island are
some animals of the ox-kind. Moreover, the
sailors and travellers, and persons in the habit
of journeying about in the mountains and the
lands, have told us, that this wild beast which
is named the rhinoceros lifteth the great elephant
upon its horn, and pastureth with it upon the
island and the shores, without being sensible of
it; and the elephant dieth upon its horn; and
its fat, melting by the heat of the sun, and








THE SECOND VOYAGE OF


flowing upon its head, entereth its eyes, so that
it becometh blind. Then it lieth down upon
the shore, and the rukh' cometh to it, and carrieth
it off [with the elephant] in its talons to its
young ones, and feedeth them with it and with
that which is upon its horn, [namely the ele-
phant]. I saw also in that island abundance
of the buffalo-kind, the like of which existeth
not among us.
The valley before mentioned containeth a great
quantity of diamonds such as I carried off and
hid in my pockets. For these the people gave
me in exchange goods and commodities belonging
to them; and they conveyed them for me, giving
me likewise pieces of silver and pieces of gold;
and I ceased not to proceed with them, amusing
myself with the sight of different countries, and
of what God hath created from valley to valley
and from city to. city, we, in our way, selling
and buying, until we arrived at the city of El-
Basrah. We remained there a few days, and
then I came to the city of Baghdad, the Abode
of Peace, and came to my quarter, and entered
my house, bringing with me a great quantity
of diamonds, and money and commodities and
goods in abundance. I met my family and re-
lations, bestowed alms and gifts, made presents








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


to all my family and companions, and began to
eat well and drink well and wear handsome
apparel. I associated with friends and com-
panions, forgot all that I had suffered, and
ceased not to enjoy a pleasant life and joyful
heart and dilated bosom, with sport and merri-
ment. Every one who heard of my arrival came
to me, and inquired of me respecting my voyage,
and the states of the different countries; so I
informed him, relating to him what I had ex-
perienced and suffered; and he wondered at the
severity of my sufferings, and congratulated me
on my safety.-This is the end of the account
of the events that befell me and happened to
me during the second voyage; and to-morrow, if
it be the will of God (whose name be exalted!),
I will relate to you the events of the third
voyage.
And when Es-Sindibad of the Sea had finished
his story to Es-Sindibad of the Land, the com-
pany wondered at it. They supped with him;
and he gave orders to present to Es-Sindibid
of the Land a hundred pieces of gold; and the
latter took them, and went his way, wondering
at the things that Es-Sindibad of the Sea had
suffered. He thanked him, and prayed for him
in his house; and when the morning came, and








56 ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
diffused its light and shone, Es-Sindibad the
Porter arose, performed the morning-prayers, and
repaired to the house of Es-Sindibid of the Sea,
as he had commanded him. He went in to him
and wished him good morning, and Es-Sindibad
of the Sea welcomed him; and he sat with him
until the rest of his companions and party had
come; and after they had eaten and drunk, and
enjoyed themselves, and were merry and happy,
Es-Sindibid of the Sea began thus:-














THE THIRD VOYAGE OF

ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA.


NOW, 0 my brothers (and hear from
I1 me the story of the third voyage,
for it is more wonderful than the
preceding stories, hitherto related
-and God is all-knowing with re-
spect to the things which He hideth, and omnis-
cient), that, in the times past, when I returned
from the second voyage, and was in a state of
the utmost joy and happiness, rejoicing in my
safety, having gained great wealth, as I related
to you yesterday, God having compensated me
for all that I had lost, I resided in the city of
Baghdad for a length of time in the most perfect
prosperity and delight, and joy and happiness.
Then my soul became desirous of travel and
diversion, and I longed for commerce and gain
and profits; the soul being prone to evil. So
I meditated, and bought an abundance of goods
suited for a sea-voyage, and packed them up,








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


and departed with them from the city of BaghdAd
to the city of El-Basrah. There, coming to the
bank of the river, I beheld a great vessel, in which
were many merchants and other passengers, people
of worth, and comely and good persons, people
of religion and kindness and probity. I there-
fore embarked with them in that vessel, and we
departed in reliance on the blessing of God
(whose name be exalted !), and His aid and favour,
rejoicing in expectation of good fortune and
safety. We ceased not to proceed from sea to
sea, and from island to island, and from city to
city; at every place by which we passed diverting
ourselves, and selling and buying, in the utmost
joy and happiness. Thus we did until we were,
one day, pursuing our course in the midst of the
roaring sea, agitated with waves, when, lo, the
master, standing at the side of the vessel, looked
at the different quarters of the sea, and then
slapped his face, furled the sails of the ship,
cast its anchors, plucked his beard, rent his
clothes, and uttered a great cry. So we said to
him, "0 master, what is the news?" And he
answered, "Know, O passengers, whom may God
preserve! that the wind hath prevailed against
us, and driven us out of our course in the midst
of the sea, and destiny hath cast us, through our








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 59

evil fortune, towards the Mountain of Apes. No
one hath ever arrived at this place and escaped,
and my heart is impressed. with the conviction
of the destruction of us all." And the words of
the master were not
ended before the
apes had come to us
and surrounded the
vessel on every side,
numerous as locusts,
dispersed about the
vessel and on the
shore. We feared
that, if we killed one
of them, or struck
him, or drove him
away, they would
kill us, on account
of their excessive ,
number; for num-
bers prevail against
courage; and we
feared them lest
they should plunder
our goods and our commodities. They are
the most hideous of beasts, and covered with
hair like black felt, their aspect striking terror.








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


No one understandeth their language or their
state, they shun the society of men, have yellow
eyes, and black faces, and are of small size, the
height of each one of them being four spans.
They climbed up the cables, and severed them
with their teeth, and they severed all the ropes
of the vessel in every part; so the vessel in-
clined with the wind, and stopped at their
mountain, and on their coast. Then, having
seized all the merchants and the other passengers,
and landed upon the island, they took the vessel
with the whole of its contents, and went their
way with it.
They left us upon the island, the vessel became
concealed from us, and we knew not whither
they went with it. And while we were upon
that island, eating of its fruits and its herbs, and
drinking of the rivers that were there, lo, there
appeared to us an inhabited house in the midst
of the island. We therefore went towards it,
and walked to it; and, behold, it was a pavilion,
with lofty angles, with high walls, having an
entrance with folding doors, which were open;
and the doors were of ebony. We entered this
pavilion, and found in it a wide, open space, like
a wide, large court, around which were many
lofty doors, and at its upper end was a high and








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


great mastabah. There were also in it utensils
for cooking, hung over the fire-pots, and around
them were many bones. But we saw not there
any person; and we wondered at that extremely.
We sat in the open space in that pavilion a
little while, after which we slept; and we ceased
not to sleep from near the mid-time between sun-
rise and noon until sunset. And, lo, the earth
trembled beneath us, and we heard a confused
noise from the upper air, and there descended
upon us, from the summit of the pavilion, a
person of enormous size, in human form, and
he was of black complexion, of lofty stature, like
a great palm-tree: he had two eyes like two
blazes of fire, and tusks like the tusks of swine,
and a mouth of prodigious size, like the mouth of
a well, and lips like the lips of the camel, hanging
down upon his bosom, and he had ears like two
mortars, hanging down upon his shoulders, and
the nails of his hands were like the claws of the
lion. So when we beheld him thus, we became
unconscious of our existence, our fear was vehe-
ment, and our terror was violent, and through
the violence of our fear and dread and terror we
became as dead men. And after he had de-
scended upon the ground, he sat a little while
upon the mastabah. Then he arose and came








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


to us, and, seizing me by my hands from among
my companions the merchants, lifted me up
from the ground in his hand, and felt me and
turned me over; and I was in his hand like a
little mouthful. He continued to feel me as the
butcher feeleth the sheep that he is about to
slaughter; but he found me infirm from excessive
affliction, and lean from excessive fatigue and
from the voyage; having no flesh. He therefore
let me go from his hand, and took another, from
among my companions; and he turned him over
as he had turned me over, and felt him as he
had felt me, and let him go. He ceased not to
feel us and turn us over, one after another, until
he came to the master of our ship, who was a
fat, stout, broad-shouldered man; a person of
strength and vigour: so he pleased him, and he
seized him as the butcher seizeth the animal
that he is about to slaughter, and, having thrown
him on the ground, put his foot upon his neck,
which he thus broke. Then he brought a long
spit, and thrust it 'into his throat, and spitted
him; after which he lighted a fierce fire, and
placed over it that spit upon which the master
was spitted, and ceased not to turn him round
over the burning coals until his flesh was
thoroughly roasted; when he took him off from



































n


To face page 62.


,,








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


the fire, put him before him, and separated his
joints as a man separates the joints of a chicken,
and proceeded to tear in pieces his flesh with his
nails, and to eat of it. Thus he continued to do
until he had eaten his flesh and gnawed his
bones, and there remained of him nothing but
some bones, which he threw by the side of the
pavilion. He then sat a little, and threw him-
self down, and slept upon that mastabah, making
a noise with his throat like that which is made
by a lamb or other beast when slaughtered; and
he slept uninterruptedly until the morning, when
he went his way.
As soon, therefore, as we were sure that he
was far from us, we conversed together, and
wept for ourselves, saying, "Would that we had
been drowned in the sea, or that the apes had
eaten us; for it were better than the roasting of
a man upon burning coals! By Allah, this death
is a vile one! But what God willeth cometh to
pass, and there is no strength nor power but in
God, the High, the Great! We die in sorrow,
and no one knoweth of us; and there is no escape
for us from this place We then arose and went
forth upon the island, to see for us a place in
which to hide ourselves, or to flee; and it had
become a light matter to us to die, rather than
1)








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


that our flesh should be roasted with fire. But
we found not for us a place in which to hide
ourselves; and the evening overtook us. So we
returned to the pavilion, by reason of the violence
of our fear, and sat there a little while; and, lo,
the earth trembled beneath us, and that black
approached us, and, coming among us, began to
turn us over, one after another, as on the former
occasion, and to feel us, until one pleased him;
whereupon he seized him, and did with him as
he did with the master of the ship the day before.
He roasted him, and ate him upon that mastabah,
and ceased not to sleep that night, making a noise
with his throat like a slaughtered animal; and
when the day came, he arose and went his way,
leaving us as usual. Upon this we assembled
together and conversed, and said, one to another,
"By Allah, if we cast ourselves into the sea and
die drowned, it will be better than our dying
burnt; for this mode of being put to death is
abominable !" And one of us said, Hear my
words. Verily, we will contrive a stratagem against
him and kill him, and be at ease from apprehen-
sion of his purpose, and relieve the Muslims from
his oppression and tyranny." So I said to them,
"Hear, 0 my brothers. If we must kill him,
we will transport this wood, and remove some








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


of this firewood, and make for ourselves rafts,
each to bear three men; after which we will
contrive a stratagem to kill him, and embark on
the rafts, and proceed over the sea to whatsoever
place God shall desire. Or we will remain in
this place until a ship shall pass by, when we
will embark in it. And if we be not able to
kill him, we will embark [on our rafts], and put
out to sea; and if we be drowned, we shall be
preserved from being roasted over the fire, and
from being slaughtered. If we escape, we escape;
and if we be drowned, we die martyrs." To this
they all replied, "By Allah, this is a right opinion
and a wise proceeding. And we agreed upon
this matter, and commenced the work. We re-
moved the pieces of wood out of the pavilion,
and constructed rafts, attached them to the sea-
shore, and stowed upon them some provisions;
after which we returned to the pavilion.
And when it was evening, lo, the earth trembled
with us, and the black came in to us, like the
biting dog. He turned us over and felt us, one
after another, and, having taken one of us, did
with him as he had done with the others before
him. He ate him, and slept upon the mastabah,
and the noise from his throat was like thunder.
So thereupon we arose, and took two iron spits,








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


of those which were set up, and put them
in the fierce fire until they were red-hot, and
became like burning coals; when we grasped
them firmly, and went with them to that black
while he lay asleep snoring, and we thrust them
into his eyes, all of us pressing upon them with


our united strength and force. Thus we pushed
them into his eyes as he slept, and his eyes were
destroyed, and he uttered a great cry, whereat
our hearts were terrified. Then he arose reso-
lutely from that mastabah, and began to search
for us, while we fled from him to the right and
left, and he saw us not; for his sight was blinded;








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 69
but we feared him with a violent fear, and made
sure, in that time, of destruction, and despaired
of safety. And upon this he sought the door,
feeling for it, and went forth from it, crying out,
while we were in the utmost fear of him; and,


lo, the earth shook beneath us, by reason of the
vehemence of his cry. So when he went forth
from the pavilion, we followed him, and he went
his way, searching for us. Then he returned,
accompanied by a female, greater than he, and
more hideous in form; and when we beheld him,








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


and her who was with him, more horrible than
he in appearance, we were in the utmost fear.
As soon as the female saw us, we hastily loosed
the rafts that we had constructed, and embarked
on them, and pushed them forth into the sea.
But each of the two blacks had a mass of rock,
and they cast at us until the greater number of
us died from the casting, there remaining of us
only three persons, I and two others; and the
raft conveyed us to another island.
We walked forward upon that island until
the close of the day, and the night overtook us
in this state; so we slept a little; and we awoke
from our sleep, and, lo, a serpent of enormous
size, of large body and wide belly, had surrounded
us. It approached one of us, and swallowed
him to his shoulders: then it swallowed the rest
of him, and we heard his ribs break in pieces
in its belly; after which it went its way. At
this we wondered extremely, and we mourned
for our companion, and were in the utmost fear
for ourselves, saying, "By Allah, this is a won-
derful thing! Every death that we witness is
more horrible than the preceding one We were
rejoiced at our escape from the black; but our
joy is not complete There is no strength nor
power but in God! By Allah, we have escaped




























To face page 70.


2. psji


:Nrl








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


from the black and from drowning; but how
shall we escape from this unlucky serpent?"
Then we arose and walked on over the island,


eating of its fruits, and drinking of its rivers,
and we ceased not to proceed till morning, when
we found a great, lofty tree. So we climbed








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


up it, and slept upon it; I having ascended to
the highest of its branches. But when the night
arrived, and it was dark, the serpent came, look-
ing to the right and left, and, advancing to the
tree upon which we were, came up to my com-
panion, and swallowed him to his shoulders;
and it wound itself round the tree with him,
and I heard his bones break in pieces in its
belly: then it swallowed him entirely, while I
looked on; after which it descended from the
tree, and went its way. I remained upon that
tree the rest of the night; and when the day
came, and the light appeared, I descended from
the tree, like one dead, by reason of excessive
fear and terror, and desired to cast myself into
the sea, that I might be at rest from the world;
but it was not a light matter to me to do so; for
life is dear. So I tied a wide piece of wood
upon the soles of my feet, crosswise, and I tied
one like it upon my left side, and a similar one
upon my right side, and a similar one upon the
front of my body, and I tied one long and wide
upon the top of my head, crosswise, like that
which was under the soles of my feet. Thus I
was in the midst of these pieces of wood, and
they enclosed me on every side. I bound them
tightly, and threw myself with the whole upon








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


the ground; so I lay in the midst of the pieces
of wood, which enclosed me like a closet. And
when the evening arrived, the serpent approached
as it was wont, and saw me, and drew towards
me; but it could not swallow me when I was
in that state, with the pieces of wood round me
on every side. It went round me; but could not
come at me: and I looked at it, being like a dead
man, by reason of the violence of my fear and
terror. The serpent retired from me, and re-
turned to me; and thus it ceased not to do:
every time that it desired to get at me to swallow
me, the pieces of wood tied upon me on every
side prevented it. It continued to do thus from
sunset until daybreak arrived and the light ap-
peared and the sun rose, when it went its way,
in the utmost vexation and rage. Upon this,
therefore, I stretched forth my hands and loosed
myself from those pieces of wood, in a state like
that of the dead, through the severity of that
which I had suffered from that serpent.
I then arose, and walked along the island
until I came to the extremity of it; when I cast
a glance towards the sea, and beheld a ship at
a distance, in the midst of the deep. So I took
a great branch of a tree, and made a sign with it
to the passengers, calling out to them; and when








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


they saw me, they said, We must see what this
is. Perhaps it is a man." Then they approached
me, and heard my cries to them. They therefore
came to me, and took me with them in the ship,
and asked me respecting my state: so I informed
them of all that had happened to me from be-
ginning to end, and of the troubles that I had
suffered; whereat they wondered extremely. They
clad me with some of their clothes, attiring me
decently; and after that they put before me
some provisions, and I ate until I was satisfied.
They also gave me to drink some cool and sweet
water, and my heart was revived, my soul became
at ease, and I experienced great comfort. God
(whose name be exalted!) had raised me to life
after my death: so I praised Him (exalted be His
name!) for His abundant favours, and thanked
Him. My courage was strengthened after I had
made sure of destruction, so that it seemed to me
that all which I then experienced was a dream.
We proceeded on our voyage, and the wind was
fair to us by the permission of God (whose name
be exalted !) until we came in sight of an island
called the Island of Es-SelAhit, where sandal-
wood is abundant, and there the master anchored
the ship, and the merchants and other passengers
landed, and took forth their goods to sell and








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA 77
buy. The owner of the ship then looked towards
me, and said to me, Hear my words. Thou art
a stranger and poor, and hast informed us that
thou hast suffered many horrors; I therefore
desire to benefit thee with something that will
aid thee to reach thy country, and thou wilt pray
for me." I replied, So be it, and thou shalt have
my prayers." And he rejoined, Know that there
was with us a man voyaging, whom we lost, and
we know not whether he be living or dead, having
heard no tidings of him. I desire to commit to
thee his bales, that thou mayest sell them in this
island. Thou shalt take charge of them, and we
will give thee something proportionate to thy
trouble and thy service; and what remaineth of
them we will take and keep until we return to
the city of Baghdad, when we will inquire for
the owner's family, and give to them the re-
mainder, together with the price of that which
shall be sold of them. Wilt thou then take
charge of them, and land with them upon this
island, and sell them as do the merchants?" I
answered, "I hear and obey thee, O my master;
and thou are beneficent and kind." And I
prayed for him and thanked him for that.
He thereupon ordered the porters and sailors
to land those goods upon the island, and to








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


deliver them to me. And the clerk of the ship
said, O master, what are these bales which the
sailors and porters have brought out, and with
the name of which of the merchants shall I mark
them?" He answered, "Write upon them the
name of Es-Sindibad of the Sea, who was with
us, and was drowned [or left behind] at the
island [of the rukh'], and of whom no tidings
have come to us; wherefore we desire that this
stranger sell them, and take charge of the price
of them, and we will give him somewhat of it
in requital of his trouble and his sale of them.
What shall remain we will take with us until
we return to the city of Baghd6d, when, if we
find him, we will give it to him; and if we find
him not, we will give it to his family in Baghdad."
So the clerk replied, "Thy words are good,
and thy notion is excellent." And when I heard
the words of the master, mentioning that the
bales -were to be inscribed with my name, I said
within myself, "By Allah, I am Es-Sindibad of
the Sea." Then I fortified myself, and waited
till the merchants had landed and had as-
sembled conversing and consulting upon affairs
of selling and buying, when I advanced to the
owner of the ship, and said to him, my
master, dost thou know what manner of man was








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


the owner of the bales which thou hast com-
mitted to me that I may sell them?" He an-
swered me, "I know not his condition; but he
was a man of the city of Baghdad, called Es-
Sindibid of the Sea; and we had cast anchor at
one of the islands, where he was lost, and we
have had no tidings of him to the present time."
So upon this I uttered a great cry, and said to
him, "0 master (whom may God preserve!),
know that I am Es-SindibAd of the Sea. I was
not drowned; but when thou anchoredst at the
island, and the merchants and other passengers
landed, I also landed with the party, taking with
me something to eat on the shore of the island.
Then I enjoyed myself in sitting in that place,
and, slumber overtaking me, I slept, and became
immersed in sleep; after which I arose, and
found not the ship, nor found I any one with
me. Therefore this wealth is my wealth, and
these goods are my goods. All the merchants
also who transport diamonds saw me when I
was upon the mountain of the diamonds, and
they will bear witness for me that I am Es-
Sindibad of the Sea, as I informed them of my
story and of the events that befell me with you in
the ship. I informed them that ye had forgotten
me upon the island, asleep, and that I arose








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


and found not any one, and that what had be-
fallen me befell me."
And when the merchants and other passengers
heard my words, they assembled around me;
and some of them believed me, and others dis-
believed me. But while we were thus talking, lo,
one of the merchants, on his hearing me mention
the valley of diamonds, arose and advanced to me,
and said to them, "Hear, 0 company, my words.
When I related to you the most wonderful thing
that I had seen in my travels, I told you that,
when we cast down the slaughtered animals into
the valley of diamonds, I casting down mine with
the rest, as I was accustomed to do, there came up
with my slaughtered beast a man attached to it,
and ye believed me not, but accused me of false-
hood." They replied, "Yes: thou didst relate to
us this thing, and we believed thee not." And
the merchant said to them, "This is the man
who attached himself to my slaughtered animal,
and he gave me some diamonds of high price, the
like of which exist not, rewarding me with more
than would have come up with my slaughtered
animal; and I took him as my companion until
we arrived at the city of El-Basrah, whence he
proceeded to his country, having bidden us fare-
well, and we returned to our own countries.








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


This is he, and he informed us that his name was
Es-Sindibad of the Sea: he told us likewise of the
departure of the ship, and of his sitting in that
island. And know ye that this man came not to
us here but in order that ye might believe my
words respecting the matter which I told you;
and all these goods are his property; for he
informed us of them at the time of his meeting
with us, and the truth of his assertion hath be-
come manifest." So when the master heard the
words of that merchant, he arose and came to me,
and, having looked at me awhile with a scrutinis-
ing eye, said, "What is the mark of thy goods ?"
I answered him, "Know that the mark of my
goods is of such and such a kind." And I re-
lated to him a circumstance that had occurred
between me and him when I embarked with him
in the vessel from El-Basrah. He therefore was
convinced that I was Es-Sindibad of the Sea, and
he embraced me and saluted me, and congratu-
lated me on my safety, saying to me, "By Allah,
0 my master, thy story is wonderful, and thy
case is extraordinary! But praise be to God,
who hath brought us together, and restored thy
goods and thy wealth to thee!"
Upon this, I disposed of my goods according
to the knowledge I possessed, and they procured








THE THIRD VOYAGE OF


me, during that voyage, great gain, whereat I
rejoiced exceedingly, congratulating myself on
my safety, and on the restoration of my wealth
to me. And we ceased not to sell and buy at
the islands until we arrived at the country of
Es-Sind, where likewise we sold and bought.
And I beheld in that sea [which we navigated,
namely, the Sea of India,] many wonders and
strange things that cannot be numbered nor
calculated. Among the things that I saw there
were a fish in the form of a cow, and a creature
in the form of an ass; and I saw a bird that
cometh forth from a sea-shell, and layeth its
eggs and hatcheth them upon the surface of
the water, and never cometh forth from the
sea upon the face of the earth. After this we
continued our voyage, by permission of God
(whose name be exalted!), and the wind and
voyage were pleasant to us, until we arrived
at El-Basrah, where I remained a few days.
Then I came to the city of BaghdAd, and re-
paired to my quarter, entered my house, and
saluted my family and companions and friends.
I rejoiced at my safety and my return to my
country and my family and city and district,
and I gave alms and presents, and clad the
widows and the orphans, and collected my com-








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


panions and friends. And I ceased not to live
thus, eating and drinking, and sporting and
making merry, eating well and drinking well,
associating familiarly and mingling in society;
and I forgot all that had happened to me, and
the distresses and horrors that I had suffered.
And I gained during that voyage what could
not be numbered nor calculated. Such were
the most wonderful of the things that I beheld
during that voyage; and to-morrow, if it be the
will of God (whose name be exalted!), thou
shalt come, [O Sindibdd of the Land,] and I will
relate to thee the story of the fourth voyage;
for it is more wonderful than the stories of the
preceding voyages.
Then Es-Sindibad of the Sea gave orders to
present to the porter a hundred pieces of gold,
as usual, and commanded to spread the table.
So they spread it, and the company supped,
wondering at that story and at the events de-
scribed in it; and after the supper, they went
their ways. Es-Sindibad the Porter took the
gold that Es-Sindibad of the Sea had ordered
to be given to him, and went his way, wonder-
ing at that which he had heard, and passed the
night in his house; and when the morning
came, and diffused its light and shone, he arose,
E








84 ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA
and performed the morning prayers, and walked
to the house of Es-Sindibad of the Sea. He
went in to him and saluted him; and he
received him with joy and gaiety, and made
him sit by him until the rest of his companions
had come; when the servants brought forward
the food, and the party ate and drank and en-
joyed themselves. Then Es-Sindibad of the Sea
began to address them, and related to them the
fourth story, saying,-














THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF


ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA.


NOW, O my brothers, that when I
returned to the city of Baghdad,
and met my companions and my
family and my friends, and was
enjoying the utmost pleasure and
happiness and ease, and had forgotten all that
I had experienced, by reason of the abundance
of my gains, and had become immersed in sport
and mirth, and the society of friends and com-
panions, leading the most delightful life, my
wicked soul suggested to me to travel again to
the countries of other people, and I felt a
longing for associating with the different races
of men, and for selling and gains. So I re-
solved upon this, and purchased precious goods,
suitable to a sea-voyage, and, having packed up
many bales, more than usual, I went from the
city of Baghdad to the city of El-Basrah, where
I embarked my bales in a ship, and joined








THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF


myself to a party of the chief men of El-Basrah,
and we set forth on our voyage. The vessel
proceeded with us, confiding in the blessing of
God (whose name be exalted!), over the roaring
sea agitated with waves, and the voyage was
pleasant to us; and we ceased not to proceed
in this manner for a period of nights and days,
from island to island and from sea to sea, until
a contrary wind rose against us one day. The
master therefore cast the anchors, and stayed
the ship in the midst of the sea, fearing that
she would sink in the midst of the deep. And
while we were in this state, supplicating and
humbling ourselves to God (whose name be
exalted !), there rose against us a great tempest,
which rent the sails in strips, and the people
were submerged with all their bales and their
commodities and wealth. I was submerged
among the rest, and I swam in the sea for half
a day,, after which I abandoned myself; but
God (whose name be exalted!) aided me to lay
hold upon a piece of one of the planks of the
ship, and I and a party of the merchants got
upon it. We continued sitting upon this plank,
striking the sea with our feet, and the waves
and the wind helping us; and we remained in
this state a day and a night. And on the








ES-SINDIBAD OF THE SEA


following day, shortly before the mid-time be-
tween sunrise and noon, a wind rose against us,
the sea became boisterous, the waves and the
wind were violent, and the water cast us upon
an island; and we were like dead men, from ex-
cess of sleeplessness and fatigue, and cold and
hunger, and fear and thirst.
We walked along the shores of that island,
and found upon it abundant herbs; so we ate
some of them to stay our departing spirits, and
to sustain us; and passed the next night upon
the shore of the island. And when the morn-
ing came, and diffused its light and shone, we
arose and walked about the island to the right
and left, and there appeared to us a building in
the distance. We therefore proceeded over the
island in the direction of that building which
we had seen from a distance, and ceased not to
proceed until we stood at its door. And while
we were standing there, lo, there came forth to
us from that door a party of naked men, who,
without speaking to us, seized us, and took us
to their King, and he commanded us to sit. So
we sat; and they brought to us some food, such
as we knew not, nor in our lives had we seen
the like of it; wherefore my stomach consented
not to it, and I ate none of it in comparison








THE FOURTH VOYAGE OF


with my companions, and my eating so little of
it was owing to the grace of God (whose name
be exalted!), in consequence of which I have
lived to the present time. For when my com-
panions ate of that food, their minds became
stupefied, and they ate like madmen, and their
states became changed. Then the people brought
to them cocoa-nut oil, and gave them to drink
of it, and anointed them with it; and when
my companions drank of that oil, their eyes
became turned in their faces, and they proceeded
to eat of that food contrary to their usual manner.
Upon this, therefore, I was confounded respecting
their case, and grieved for them, and became
extremely anxious by reason of the violence of
my fear for myself with regard to these naked
men. I observed them attentively, and, lo, they
were a Magian people, and the King of their
city was a ghool; and every one who arrived
Sat their country, or whom they saw or met in
the valley or the roads, they brought to their
King, and they fed him with that food, and
anointed him with that oil, in consequence of
which his body became expanded, in order that
he might eat largely; and his mind was stupefied,
his faculty of reflection was destroyed, and he
became like an idiot. Then they gave him to




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