Group Title: Department of Anthropology Newsletter, University of Florida
Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter ; Spring 2001
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Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter ; Spring 2001
Series Title: Department of Anthropology newsletter
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Creator: University of Florida Department of Anthropology
Publisher: Department of Anthropology, University of Florida
Publication Date: 2001
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Bibliographic ID: UF00083823
Volume ID: VID00002
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Spring, 2001
Welcome to UFAnthropology

Each fall I am once again refreshed by the quality of our undergraduate and graduate
students. Students come to our department with enviable backgrounds, enthusiasm about the field,
and interesting ideas. Then at the end of the spring term many of our students enthusiastically
leave for study abroad courses, to fieldschool with Ken Sassaman, to Africa with Steve Brandt,
they receive Fulbrights to study migrants with Maxine Margolis, or leave on their own to develop
their anthropological skills throughout the world. Our department is based on the quality and the
activities of our students as much as we are on our faculty and alumni. It is truly a pleasure to see
how our students today begin to shape the anthropology of the future.
If this year is any example, the future looks good for our department. We joined with
Geology and Geography to create a "Land Use and Environmental Change Institute," to
understanding human effects on contemporary and historic landscapes; we strengthened our interdisciplinary ties with
Women's Studies and African American Studies through joint hires; the Maples Center for Forensic Sciences is off to a
great start; and we brought in a new cadre of biological. While we were busy with these activities, we found ourselves in
a university environment that was fluid: the State of Florida dissolved the Board of Regents, a new president arrived, we
had an interim dean, and the good budget years seemed to be ending.
We have had a wonderfully successful year recruiting new faculty: we have been fortunate to hire five new faculty in
our program and added another anthropologist in the Florida Museum of Natural History. I'd like to take the opportunity
here to welcome them all: Marilyn Thomas-Houston, a cultural anthropologist specializing in African American culture
and history, Susan deFrance, a zooarchaeologist of the Americas, John Krigbaum, a biological anthropologist specializing
in human evolution, Susan Gillespie, an archaeologist of Mesoamerica, and Stacey Langwick, a specialist in Gender and
Medical Anthropology. Next fall Brenda Chalfin will also be on-board; Brenda has been in Ghana this past year with an
NSF grant and so postponed her arrival to Gainesville until August, 2001, even though she joined the faculty a year ago.
We are especially pleased that our program is continuing strong links with other departments and programs: Stacey
Langwick will be working half time in Women's Studies and Gender Research and Marilyn Thomas-Houston will be
likewise 50% in African American Studies. Of course they both have their tenure in the department. We are also very
fortunate to welcome Kitty Emery, a zooarchaeologist, to the Florida Museum of Natural History. Several other
anthropologists are joining the anthropological community of Gainesville: Frank Poirier, an active and insightful
primatologist, will be living in the area and will have a courtesy appointment in our department next year. Dave Grove,
an archaeological theorist and Olmec specialist will also be associated with our department as he is moving here with his
wife, Susan Gillespie. We feature some of these new colleagues in the newsletter this year, and others will be featured
next year.
This year was also the year that saw the retirement of two of our key faculty members, Dr. Marvin Harris and Dr.
Brian du Toit. Marvin and Brian's commitment and contributions to the program and to the shape of anthropology at
Florida are the base upon which we build the future.
This spring the Department held the first celebratory dinner for honoring the faculty, students, and alumni. The
dinner was sponsored by the Friends of Anthropology and Mr. Kenny Roberts, one of our "angels" in the Gainesville
business community. The dinner feted Sonja and Brian du Toit, and we were all touched by the profundity and
compassionate sum of Brian's career. The dinner was also an occasion to celebrate the generosity of the "friends of
anthropology," those alumni and friends who give to the department for things like graduate student travel. This year we
were able to fund over 40 graduate student travel requests to give papers at national and international meetings.
The department has also celebrated two major gifts that enhance our programs. One of these is a bequest of an estate
that will one day fund an endowed visiting chair in applied anthropology at UF. The same endowment will fund at least
four graduate fellowships at a level equal to the most prestigious fellowships in the university. A second gift by Paul and
Polly Doughty establishes an endowment to fund graduate student research on community development and peace. Paul
and Polly's contributions to the department have always been a source of pride here (Paul was department chair when the
department began the Ph.D. program); their endowment ensures their contributions will continue for as long is there is a
I hope you enjoy this newsletter. If you can, give a donation to the department to help students. Also, let us know
what you are doing. I'd like to feature some of our alumni, especially undergraduates, who have found ways of making
anthropology an interesting and vital part of their lives. -Allan Burns

Filed from the Front Office

The department has again experienced staff
changes over the past year. Two new members were
welcomed: Salena Robinson and Lee Ann Martin.
Salena has assumed the Graduate Program Assistant
position. She has previous experience in both the
Dean's Office in CLAS and Student Financial
Services. Her professional assistance and attitude
thus far have been invaluable. As the new Senior
Clerk, Lee Ann has been making great progress in
organizing the departmental property and inventories.
She was previously with the Dean's Office in the
College of Veterinary Medicine. Her good humor,
great organizational skills and enthusiasm have been
a wonderful asset during this difficult transition
Patricia King continues to serve the department
as the Chair's assistant and the coordinator of travel,
textbooks, grades, and evaluations. She has worked
diligently to streamline the travel process in order to
assist the growing number of faculty and graduate
students funded for research or conference travel.
Karen Jones has made budgetary and administrative
functions current and continues to look for ways to
improve the look and function of the main office.
With the staff a cohesive, full unit, every effort
will be made to increase productivity to match the
needs of this expanding department. Karen Jones

Some of the New faculty members

Research in Biomechanics

A long-held
assumption in
studies of the
primate skeleton
is that bone size
and shape is a
direct reflection
of the mechanical
during the life of
the individual.
While the precise mechanisms by which bone cells
respond to mechanical stresses remain obscure, what
is becoming clear along several lines of independent
evidence is that this assumption is incorrect.
Dave Daegling's studies of bone mass and
geometry in primate mandibles reveal that structural

reinforcement is often weakest where the effects of
chewing forces are most pronounced, and that
enhanced buttressing of bone can be found where the
need for such support is minimal. This seems to
suggest that the relationship between bone structure
and biomechanical stresses is more complex than
previously realized. One problem, however, is that
the ways in which stress levels in bone are inferred -
the theoretical models may also be prone to
substantial errors. Until the models of stress can be
correctly formulated, the precise relationship between
function and form in primate bones can not be
To complicate matters further is the
understanding that stress cannot be directly measured
in bone. Daegling's laboratory uses strain gauges to
measure deformations of bones, which can in turn be
used to infer stress levels. Experimental strain
analysis is used to evaluate how closely textbook
formulas for bone stress correspond to empirically-
derived stress models. Many of these formulas are
alarmingly inaccurate. On the plus side, however,
when more appropriate models are developed, the
relationship between bone geometry and stress
histories becomes clearer. Eventually what this
research will provide is dramatically improved
resolution of functional inference in the primate and
human fossil record. Dave Daegling

Molecular Anthropology

Connie J. Mulligan
(formerly Kolman) joined
the faculty this fall as the
department's first
molecular anthropologist.
Molecular anthropologists
use molecular data (mainly
DNA sequences and single
nucleotide polymorphisms,
or SNPs) to reconstruct the
evolutionary and genetic
history of human
populations. Because
genetic mutations are
easily quantifiable and represent directly comparable
events, molecular anthropology offers a different
perspective on some of anthropology's most
interesting questions. Mulligan's research program
includes projects to study the peopling of the
Americas and Asia, investigations into the genetic
basis of complex disease, the use of ancient DNA to
directly link ancestral and descendant populations,

and analysis of ancient pathogenic DNA to study
human disease.

Nested cladogram ofADH haplotypes

Clade II





*SW Indian and Asain bnplotype
*Asian hapolype
Not ob.erved

* Spnifiei .lal 4l .u0 ASPO

Relationship of mutations in alcohol
dehydrogenase (ADH) gene cluster

Ongoing projects include a NIH-funded project
to continue work on the identification of genetic
variants involved in alcoholism and related disorders.
Funding is also being sought for a collecting trip to
Mongolia and to initiate a large scale analysis of
Asian genetic variation comparing data from
mitochondrial, Y-chromosome, and autosomal
markers. Sherin Smallwood (Anthropology
undergrad) has begun an ancient DNA project to
investigate the genetic continuity and evidence for
population replacement in populations from the St
Johns cultural period. A collaborative project with
Pennsylvania State University to investigate the
origins of venereal syphilis by extracting DNA from
Old and New World skeletons with evidence of
treponemal lesions is underway. Two graduate
students, Ben Burkley and Nicole Nowak, have been
admitted for the fall semester and are interested in the
molecular evolution of language and the molecular
analysis of the ancient Maya, respectively.
Molecular courses offered this year included two
seminar courses on human evolution and genetic
diversity. Next fall (2001), a new course on the
molecular genetics of disease is scheduled. A lab
course is also in development that will give students
the opportunity to learn and use some of the
techniques that have become commonplace in the
field of molecular anthropology. Connie Mulligan

Forensic Anthropology

Michael Warren is enjoying his first year as an
Assistant Professor in the department. Warren is
currently teaching a challenging course in Human

Osteology and Osteometry, and leads a discussion
group in Research Methods.
He also teaches the
popular Introduction to
Forensic Anthropology
course and is excited about
increasing that course's
enrollment and exposing
students from other
Disciplines to the exciting
world of biological
anthropology and forensic
identification. Warren
continues to do casework at
the C.A. Pound Human
Identification Laboratory and is in the process of
setting up a teaching laboratory in Turlington Hall.
He is extremely excited to be accepting his first
graduate students next Fall.
Warren's current research explores the effect of
pathology on the growth and proportionality of the
developing human fetus. Measurements taken from
fetal x-rays, as well as clinical data obtained in
collaboration with pathologists in the College of
Medicine, are used to evaluate the relative growth
and limb proportions of fetuses in various stages of
development. By comparing fetuses with significant
pathology and those exhibiting normal anatomy, the
impact of pathology on linear growth can be assessed
and the validity of using aborted fetuses as a tool for
understanding growth and development can be tested.
Another of Warren's research interests involves
the relationship between the development of basic
body form and the environment. By examining
fetuses, infants and juveniles of geographically
disparate populations, he hopes to resolve the debate
about whether our basic body form is the result of a
response to environmental conditions or whether it is
determined genetically through natural selection.
Warren says "the answer to the genetic versus
developmental question lies within early ontogeny. If
body proportionality is genetically entrenched and
conservative, we can apply basic anthropometry to
the fossil record and answer some interesting
questions about human descent and migration."
Mike Warren


Susan D. deFrance is an archaeologist who
specializes in zooarchaeology, the study of animal
remains from archaeological sites. Her research has
focused on the prehistoric and historical cultures of

the Southeastern United
States, the Caribbean, and
the Central Andes.
deFrance is interested in
the economic,
subsistence, and
information that faunal /' .
remains can provide .
about past cultures. i
Some specific topics of
research have included
the effects of human prehistoric colonization on
Caribbean island settings, ritual uses of animals in
Andean prehistory, and maritime adaptations by
prehistoric populations in different geographic areas.
deFrance has also applied her zooarchaeological
skills to the analysis of a variety of historical
assemblages including ethnic populations in 19th
century urban New Orleans, a 17th century French
colonial shipwreck off the coast of Texas, and
Spanish colonial settlements in Peru.
Most recently, deFrance has been directing the
excavation of an early maritime site on the southern
coast of Peru. Quebrada Tacahuay is a specialized
marine bird processing and fishing station on the
Pacific littoral. The site is providing new data on
human colonization of the Americas during the Late
Pleistocene. DeFrance will be conducting a field
season of excavations at Tacahuay during summer
2001 with funding from the National Geographic
Society and FERCO (The Foundation for Exploration
and Research of Cultural Origins). Susan deFrance

Theoretical Archaeology

Susan D.
Gillespie comes to
the department
from the
University of
Ilinois with a
background in
archaeological and
studies focusing on
the Aztec, Olmec, and Maya peoples of prehispanic
Mesoamerica. Her research deals with classic
anthropological issues of social organization and
identity within the contemporary paradigm of social
and contextual archaeology and historical
anthropology. She is especially interested in
understanding how ancient peoples reproduced
culture and society through the formation and

interactions of social groups, and how these groups
and identities were represented in material ways.
These include architectural forms and constructed
landscapes, ritual and mundane actions, the crafting
of portable objects and imagery, and the negotiation
and maintenance of narratives. Her archaeological
and documentary research are intertwined with the
goal of achieving an c lbh'histori --an emic
understanding of how history or temporality was
experienced and represented in meaningful ways.
Her 1989 book on the structural patterns in Aztec
dynastic histories--The Aztec Kings: The
Construction of Rulership in Mexica History--
established how the concept of divine sovereignty
itself was constructed and represented as a cyclical
form of "history." Her most recent publications,
including a book co-edited by Rosemary Joyce
entitled Beyond Kinship: Social and Material
Reproduction in House Societies (2000), expound a
specific model of social organization for complex
pre-class societies, based on the "house" as a long-
lived corporate group that is materially represented in
various ways. She will teach courses on
archaeological theory and ethnohistory along with
specialized topics in Mesoamerican prehistory,
including cosmology and iconography.
Susan Gillespie

Close to the Bone

John Krigbaum joins the
faculty this fall as the new hire
in physical anthropology. As
Visiting Assistant Professor
this past academic year, he is
now well-acclimated to both
University and Gainesville and
we look forward to his
continued commitment in
teaching, mentoring, and
research. John's broad
training (Ph.D. Spring 2001 -- New York University)
is in the fields of paleoanthropology, archaeology,
and isotopic geochemistry. These interests should
dovetail well with those of students and faculty in the
Department and greater University community and
he looks forward to working with multidisciplinary
initiatives in the Department, such as LUECI.
His primary research focus is on Pleistocene-
Holocene modem humans in Southeast Asia. He
plans to continue both field and lab-based research in
north Borneo (Sarawak, Malaysia) at the site of Niah
Cave and on its excavated materials curated at the
Sarawak Museum in Kuching. There are a number of

opportunities here for student research and the sheer
size of this cave and its collection promises to keep
John busy for several years.
John's specific research interests are in
reconstructing paleoecology and prehistoric
subsistence using light stable isotopes (C, O, N).
Following the premise "you are what you eat" these
techniques provide fresh perspectives on past
ecological and cultural systems. These tools of
biogeochemistry have wide application in the
historical life sciences. To further his research and to
provide continued training in bone chemistry studies
and stable isotope analysis, he will initiate a new
"prep" lab in Turlington's basement for processing
bone and tooth tissues. Prepared samples will
continue to be run at the stable isotope facility in
Geology (thanks to David Hodell, Jason Curtis, and
colleagues). Students and faculty with interests in
human paleodiet and paleoecology are encouraged to
participate in the development of this new facility.
John Krigbaum

Anthropology and the Graduate Program

The graduate program continues to grow and at
the same time maintains its academic excellence.
Approximately 150 undergraduate students from
around the world applied for the 2001-2002 academic
year and twenty to thirty are expected to enter the
graduate program. The majority of the new students
will focus on cultural/linguistic anthropology,
followed closely by archaeology. Biological
anthropology, and in particular the forensics
program, saw its biggest increase in applications in
many years.
Many of our graduate students have received
various grants and fellowships, including a National
Science Foundation dissertation grant and an
American Heart Association fellowship to Lance
Gravlee for his research into "Skin color, culture,
and blood pressure in southeast Puerto Rico", and a
U.S. Department of Interior grant to Antoinette
Jackson for her work on the Kingsley plantation
ethnographic and ethnohistorical program. Laura
Ogden received an Environmental Protection Agency
fellowship and Debra Rodman received a Fulbright.
Birgitta Kimura and Jonathan Walz were awarded
Fulbright Hays and Alayne Unterberger and
Heather Walsh-Haney were awarded McQuown
Scholarships. Rose A. Solangaarachchi received a
Wenner Gren Foundation Ph.D. Fellowship. David
Kennedy and Debra Rodman both received field
research funding from the RAND Corporation.
Agazi Negash received a Leakey Foundation

Baldwin Fellowship, and upon completion of his
Ph.D this summer, will assume a Post-Doctoral
Fellowship at the University of California,
We have also had many students win prestigious
awards at national and international meetings this
year, including Heather Walsh Haney who won the
"Emerging Forensic Scientists Award" at the
American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual
Meeting, Antoinette Jackson who won first prize at
the Southern Anthropological Society meetings for
her paper on Heritage Tourism, and Roberto Porro,
who won the Rappaport Award from the
Anthropology and Environment section of the
American Anthropological Association.
Gebre Yntiso was one of five international
students to receive an Outstanding Achievement
Award from the UF
International Ctr.
The Anthropology
Dept awarded John
Goggin dissertation
writing scholarships
to Brad Bigalow
P and Roberto Porro
while Matt Curtis,
Tanya Perez and Matt Donna Nash, Fred
Curtis receive Fairbanks Smith, Gifford
awards at the Department Waters, and Tanya
Awards Dinner Peres received
Charles Fairbanks
dissertation awards.
James Gates, Yntiso Gebre, Kathryn Lynch,
and Ruth Trocolli fulfilled the requirements for a
PhD degree and Elizabeth Beaver, Matthew
Behrend, Melissa Denmark, Lauren Fordyce,
Sungwon Jin, Brian King, Rebecca Kiracofe,
Rebecca Klein, Shuala Martin, Ade Ofunniyin,
Mikal Purcell Jr., Peter Sinelli, Vania Smith,
Fatma Soud, Ermitte St. Jacques, and Ellen
Woodall completed the requirements for a Masters
degree. -Steve Brandt

Anthropology and the Undergraduate Program

The undergraduate program in anthropology
remains one of the most popular majors in the
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Almost 300
majors as well as a number of dual majors are
enrolled. The students are very diverse with broad
interests primarily in the cultural, biological, and
archaeological subfields. With the addition of new
faculty and course offerings, student interest in
forensic anthropology has increased significantly.

There is also much interest in various aspects of
applied anthropology, particularly in environmental
and health-related issues.
Undergraduate students are always interested in
gaining hand-on experience in the field. During the
last year, an increase in student volunteerism was
evident. A number of students are volunteering with
collections research at the Florida Museum of Natural
History, while others have assisted graduate students
in the field with excavations of historical sites.
Student interest in overseas study has also increased.
In addition to anthropology sponsored programs in
the Yucatan and Tirol Alps, students have traveled to
Tanzania, Australia, Spain, Italy, and Japan. Our
diverse curriculum, in addition to both on and off
campus research opportunities, is resulting in the
training a well-prepared group of undergraduates.
- Susan deFrance

Florida Anthropology Student Association

The Florida Anthropology Student Association
(FASA) has had one of its most successful years
ever. The Fall used book sale brought in over 300
dollars and with the extra space in the FASA office, a
carrel was made available to a graduate student who
would not otherwise have space on campus. We
hope to continue providing space for qualified
students in future years. In addition to the book sale,
this year's Potlatch was a great success. Leslie
Lieberman graciously hosted the event and Paul
Doughty and Ken Sassaman acted as auctioneers.
Thanks to the generosity and enthusiasm of the
Anthropology faculty, students, friends and family,
FASA was able to donate 1,500 dollars to the Friends
of Anthropology Fund, which goes to finance
graduate student travel. Thanks to everyone who
volunteered at various events throughout the year and
helped make this one of the best years ever for
graduate student fundraising!
In addition to our fundraising activities, FASA
also appointed student representatives to five
different faculty search committees. Antoinette
Jackson was elected the student representative for
the joint hire with African-American studies,
Suzanne Coyle was the student representative for the
Biological Anthropologist search, Tonya Peres
served on the Zooarcheology committee, Matt
Curtis represented graduate students on the
Archeological Theory search committee, and Aline
Gubrium was on the committee for the joint hire
with Women's Studies.

Still coming in the Spring semester, we look
forward to holding elections for FASA's 2001-2002
officers. Interested individuals may contact any of
the FASA officers Ellen Woodall (President),
Bradly Alicea (Vice President), Amber Yoder
Wutich (Secretary), Katisha Greer (Treasurer) or
Nick Mrozinske (Past President) or send us an e-
mail at fa;a.i'ir:l\ We welcome your
comments and suggestions!

African entrepreneurship

Dr. Anita Spring and Dr. Barbara McDade,
Department of Geography, have been conducting a
multi-country pilot study of African entrepreneurs in
the global market and their new opportunities for
enterprise development making four trips to Africa in
the past year. This research updates African
Entrepreneurship: Theory and Reality (Spring and
McDade 1998) which explored the differences and
similarities of small- and large-scale, urban and rural,
female- and male-managed, private and public, and
informal and formal-sector enterprises. It also
compared African entrepreneurial methods to other
parts of the world.
The new research
A moves beyond the
study of small and
large market traders
and small- and
traditional African
industries, to study the
a "new" African
entrepreneurs who use
updated and global
methods of operation
.(i.e., financial
transparency and
Anita Spring and Ghanian accountability,
information and
systems) and form national and international
associations and networks. Countries being studied
are Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa,
and Uganda. Women business globalists are being
The research considers formal sector, medium-
and large-scale businesses and poses hypothesis to
compare the new entrepreneurs with both global and
traditional African business practices. The "new"
global entrepreneurs work independently (owning
individual corporations). They use internet
communication, have financial transparency, and

help negotiate their countries' trades and tariffs.
Sectors they are involved in include finance,
transport, tourism, telecommunications, construction,
and housing. Three regional Enterprise Networks
plus a pan-African Enterprise Network have been
formed that assist them in capital generation,
sourcing, market intelligence, and network building.
The networks are apolitical, selective in membership,
and use global business practices. Some members
are involved in regional and international commerce
that include trade with the US and Florida. Drs.
Spring and McDade participated in the first Trade
Mission between the State of Florida and South
Africa in February 2001.
Women members, who comprise about 22% of
the total, often manifest non-traditional gender roles
forming companies dealing with IT, construction,
tourism, and sector management. Preliminary
findings suggest that while there are country
differences, there is a tendency among all owners and
managers to incorporate "universal" business
practices such as contractual business services, using
the merit system to hire and promote employees, and
gender-positive attitudes. Friendship and school ties,
(often made while in the US and UK) augment and
replace traditional kinship ties.
In addition to this research Dr. Spring continues
to work on her topic of agricultural development and
published Women Farmers and Commercial
Ventures: Increasing Food Security in Developing
Countries, 2000. Anita Spring

HIV/AIDS research

"El sida es sinonimo de
muerte." This phrase,
"AIDS is a synonym for
death," was the first free list
response emerging in a brief
focused ethnographic study
on views of the disease in a
Garifuna community along
the Honduran coast. I was
invited to conduct a
Qualitative study as part of
efforts to inform an
educational intervention by
Honduran colleagues,
A young Honduran
Aoumngit" a nilu sort and spent a couple of
weeks in February
interviewing people about their experiences and
perceptions of HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS is considered a matter of cultural
survival locally. This is not surprising since during

the past 15 years, prevalence in Garifuna
communities has come to reflect the general trend
toward high risk among ethnic communities in
Central America and the Caribbean, primarily based
on heterosexual transmission. From late 1998 to
early 1999, a seroepidemiologic study directed by Dr.
Manuel Sierra conducted in four communities,
showed that about 9% of the women of reproductive
age were HIV positive. Over one-half of the women
included in the study had children under five-years
and of these, 13% were HIV positive.
The current research involved systematic data
collection techniques from cognitive anthropology,
now routinely used in medical anthropology studies,
as well as some semi-structured interviewing. Of
over 70 respondents in the study, all knew someone
who had died or suffered from the disease and most
had extended family whom had been affected.
Despite what can be described as a broad and intense
familiarity with HIV/AIDS, the disease continues to
carry a great deal of stigma for sufferers and family.
Among the most significant concerns are continuing
high potential for transmission based in patterns of
labor migration and the growing number of AIDS
orphans living in this and other communities.
Graduate student Rob Freeman and hopefully others
will be developing this project. Jim Stansbury

Tropical Conservation and Development News

The Tropical Conservation and Development
(TCD) program was established at UF in the mid
1980s to train students for careers in conservation
and development by providing interdisciplinary
knowledge and technical skills required to promote
the conservation of biodiversity, enhance natural
resource management and improve the welfare of
rural peoples. In 1999 and 2000, the program
received a $4,000,000 endowment from the Ford
Foundation and state matching funds. This combined
support ensures a secure funding source for students,
and allows TCD to focus on expanding additional
aspects of the program. The primary goal of the TCD
program is to train conservation and development
professionals, especially those from Latin American
and Caribbean countries, to create and implement
innovative policies, institutions and strategies that
balance conservation with sustainable livelihood
improvement. Another important goal of the TCD
program is to promote interdisciplinary research that
integrates biological conservation and sustainable
rural development in the tropics. Finally, TCD seeks
to strengthen and expand a learning network with
organizations in Latin America and elsewhere that

have compatible goals and approaches to
interdisciplinary training and research.
In order to formally incorporate students from
other UF departments, the TCD program is
developing an interdisciplinary TCD concentration
that will be applicable across disciplines. All
students in the concentration program will be
required to have a TCD faculty member on their
committee and will be required to earn 15 credit
hours combining require courses and electives.
The TCD program seeks to prepare students by
developing their skills for effective work in
conservation and development. The integrated, core
courses include formal opportunities for
strengthening communication proficiency, providing
initial practice sessions for skill development. After
exposure in the classroom, students are encouraged to
participate in on-campus workshops designed to
teach their new skills to others. With backstopping
from TCD faculty and staff, students will also have
the opportunity to lead sessions in undergraduate
and/or graduate classes. More experienced students
will participate in larger TCD workshops on campus
and in the field. Marianne Schmink

Anthropology at the Florida Museum of Natural

A teaching pavilion, public rest rooms, a parking
area, and an interpreted walking trail will soon be
constructed at the Florida Museum's Randell
Research Center at Pineland. A leadership gift from
the Stans Foundation, plus additional funding from
the Maple Hill Foundation, Michael Hansinger, and
Bill Marquardt has been matched by the State for a
total building fund of $282,000. Construction will
begin in fall, 2001. In advance of construction,
volunteer-assisted excavations began in April and
continued with an archaeological field school at
Pineland in May and June.
Liz Wing will retire at the end of June 2001 and
is therefore trying to complete several projects and
papers. One is a study of Native American uses of
plant and animal resources along the West Indian
Island archipelago. Lee Newsom, a former graduate
of the Anthropology Department, and Wing are
teaming up on a book based on the plants and animal
remains excavated from West Indian sites. They are
addressing such topics as evidence of
overexploitation of resources, landscape changes
resulting from land clearing and intensive agriculture,
introductions of plants and animals and their impact
on the island biogeography. Search is underway for a
Museum based zooarchaeologist.

Jerald Milanich is continuing research on
Spanish missions in conjunction with Kenneth
Johnson of Thomas College (Georgia). He recently
received grants from the Florida Division of
Historical Resoruces to support that research and
research being carried out by anthropology graduate
student Terrance Weik who is investigation
Abraham's Old Town, a Black Seminole village in
central Florida. Milanich continues to work as
archaeology volume editor for the Southeast volume
of the Smithsonian Institution's Handbook of North
American Indians.
Karen Walker, Donna Ruhl, and Lesley
Martin (Anthropology undergrad) of the
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory are studying
precolumbian artifacts and archaeobiological remains
from the Everglades National Park. Funded by the
NPS, their goal is to examine past human-
environment relationships as they are
archaeologically manifested in the ENP coastal and
glades landscapes.
Bill Keegan has been conducting research in the
Turks and Caicos Islands and Jamaica. The work has
focused on human-environmental interactions during
periods of island colonization and on the organization
of the Taino chiefdoms. He is currently designing a
museum and recreated Taino village for Royal
Caribbean Cruise Line's facilities at Labadee, Haiti.
Bill Keegan

Joint Degree Program with Law

The Anthropology Department's joint Ph.D./J.D.
and M.A./J.D. programs with the UF College of Law
have attracted world-wide attention with inquiries
arriving weekly from Africa, Latin America, Europe
and across the U.S. Currently, UF is the only
university in the US to offer a joint Ph.D.
(Anthropology)-J.D. program. Designed and directed
by Prof. Paul Magnarella, the programs have existed
for only two years and have two students enrolled
and several more either accepted or in the process of
applying. Advanced student B.J. Brown has already
completed the J.D. and is preparing for his Ph.D.
qualifying examination. Carol O'Callaghan has
completed the M.A. and is currently working on the
J.D. Paul Magnarella

Barriers to Breast Cancer Detection Investigated by

A 2-year $130,000 grant from the Susan G.
Komen Breast Cancer Foundation, "Lifting While
We Climb: Removing Barriers to Breast Cancer

Treatment for African-American Women" focuses on
individual, interpersonal, and structural barriers to
early breast cancer detection. Although African-
American women have an incidence of breast cancer
that is lower than Non-Hispanic White Women, their
mortality rate is 25-30% higher. This higher
mortality rate is primarily due to a low frequency of
screening mammography that can detect early-stage
A set of videos were developed illustrating good
and poor physician/ patient verbal and non-verbal
communication skills that were used in focus groups
with health care providers, African-American women
of different educational and income levels, and breast
cancers survivors. Written cards and posters are
being developed to use as cues to questions and
answers that address the concerns of African-
American women regarding breast health. In
addition to focus groups, 150 women receiving free
mammograms are being interviewed about their
experiences and approximately 200 lay and
healthcare professionals have completed surveys
involving all aspects of breast cancer and breast
health. Sheila Jeffers, Assistant Professor at Florida
A & M University and ABD in Anthropology is the
Co-PI and Project Director and Leslie Sue
Lieberman, Associate professor of Anthropology
and Executive Director of the Center for Research on
Women's Health is the P.I. Katie Jemmott and
David Fazzino are doctoral students in anthropology
and graduate research assistants supported by the
grant. Leslie Lieberman

International Anthropology: study abroad

In June of 2001 the Northern Italy
Anthropological Field School entered its third year
with a full enrollment of 16 students. Directed by
Prof Paul Magnarella, the field school is devoted to
the study of the cultural history and cultural ecology
of the coastal city of Venice, the inland city of Trento
and the alpine village of Dorf Tirol. During their
time in Trento, students observe and study the week-
long complex of rituals and ceremonies that the
townspeople devote to their patron St.Vigilio, the
fourth century bishop credited with Christianizing the
area. The townspeople dress in Medieval attire and
ceremonially reenact historic events important to
their treasured past. The program offers students six
credits in anthropology.
The Yucatan Program (directed by Allan
Burns and Mark Brenner from Geology) for
undergraduates and graduates in Merida, Yucatan,
Mexico developed "cyberethnographies" as research

and publishing projects during the summer of 2000.
Students on the
program presented
their work at the 2001
annual meetings of
the Society for
Anthropology. See
the ethnographies at:

Marvin Harris retires

Marvin Harris, Graduate Research Professor of
Anthropology, retired from the University of Florida
in April 2000. Marvin had been teaching at UF since
1980 when he arrived from Columbia University
where he had spent his earlier academic career.
Marvin, arguably among the two or three most
important contemporary anthropological theoreticians
in the world, is best known as the originator of
cultural materialism. This concept is a theoretical
paradigm which, in his words, "is based on the
simple premise that human social life is a response to
the practical problems of earthly existence" and
which has the goal of providing causal explanations
for the differences and similarities in cultural
behavior among human populations. Marvin wrote
or edited eighteen books, which have been translated
into fifteen languages ranging from Spanish, French,
Italian and Portuguese to Finnish, Hebrew, Chinese,
Korean, and Malaysian. In recognition of his
academic achievements, Marvin was asked to give
the Distinguished Lecture at the 1991 meetings of the
American Anthropological Association.
On October 21, 2000 Marvin's retirement was
celebrated with reception attended by friends and
colleagues. Among the out-of-town celebrants were

Lambros Comitas (Professor of Anthropology at
Teachers College-Columbia), Marvin's first Ph.D
student and another student of Marvin's at Columbia,
Conrad Kottak, (Chair and Professor of
Anthropology at the University of Michigan) and his
wife, Betty Wagley Kottak, who is the daughter of
our late colleague, Graduate Research Professor of
Anthropology, Charles Wagley.
Several of Marvin's students sent tributes that
were read at the reception where he was presented
with a large photo montage of the book jackets of his
many volumes published in a variety of languages.
The dedication read: "Marvin Harris-A Life of
-Maxine Margolis

National Academy of Science and American
Association for the Advancement of Science inducts
two faculty.

Dr. Leslie Sue Lieberman was inducted into the
prestigious American Association for the
Advancement of Science, joining two other of our
faculty, Dr. John Moore and Dr. Michael Moseley.
Dr. Lieberman's contributions to leadership in the
state associations for the Advancement of Science,
her leadership in scholarship on women's health and
illness, and her mentorship of graduate students were
all recognized in her induction. Dr. Michael
Moseley was inducted into the National Academy of
Science. The academy is one of the most prestigious
forms of recognizing the contributions of scientists.
Moseley joins only ten other NAS members at the
University of Florida. His nomination was based on
his very influential work on climate change, disasters,
and the development of complexity in the Andes.
His models for understanding the archaeology of
complex societies are used throughout the world
today. At the local level, Mike's work served as a
basis for the new LUECI initiative linking GIS
methods with theories in geology (paleoclimate),
geography (land use) and anthropology (culture and
history) in the College. Congratulations to both
Leslie and Mike.

Brian du Toit retires

With 25 books or monographs and 80 articles, Brian
M. du Toit is both a prodigious scholar and the
world's foremost AFRIKANER researcher. Plentiful
grants and awards have supported numerous field
investigations in his home continent, in North and
South America and in New Guinea. Always working
with Africans, and other populations, of all ethnic
backgrounds, Dr. du Toit has made seminal
contributions to Medical Anthropology, to Urban
Anthropology, and to migration studies. Joining the
Florida faculty in 1966, he is the University's senior
anthropologist. Ever a stalwart instructor, Professor
du Toit was a guiding force in developing
Anthropology's Doctoral Studies Program and in
mentoring the advanced degrees of 30 graduate
students who now hold research and teaching
positions around the world. Thus, through tireless
scholarly and pedagogical contributions our

Sonja and Brian du Toit and their family at Brian's
retirement dinner

distinguished colleague has furthered maturation of
the Department of Anthropology into one of the
nation's very best. -Allan Bums

What have you been up to? Please email us so we can keep in touch with
you and include you in the next newsletter. We are
especially interested in doing a feature about the
department "in the early days," so we welcome your
anecdotes, old photos, and other information about
the department. Thanks to Dr. Connie Mulligan for
creating this year's department newsletter.

Anthropology Angels

The following people have generously given to the
department this past year:

Allan and
Polly and
Susan and
Karen N.

Julie Bums
Paul Doughty
Anthony Falsetti

Murdo and Shena MacLeod

Barbara &
Joan and

O'Sullivan Jr.
Hank Purdy
Tom Rothrock

Anthropology Department Celebrates Students, Faculty, and Alumni at Steve's Art on the Avenue, April, 2001

Emilio Benites, graduate student, and his family
play Andean music

Leslie Lieberman, Susan deFrance, Anita Spring

Anthony and Patricia King

Michael Heckenberger, Maxine Margolis, Mike Moseley
and Sue Boinski

Paul Doughty

Allan Burns and Elizabeth Eddy

Brian du Toit helps new faculty
Member John Krigbaum with
departmental resources

Dept. of Anthropology
PO 117305
Gainesville, FL 32611-7305

Non-profit Org.
US Postage
Permit No. 94
Gainesville, FL

Please become a Friend of Anthropology! We need your help, whether it be a few dollars or many more. The
department depends on your gifts to fund student travel to meetings, undergraduate and graduate scholarships, dissertation
awards, and more. Make your tax-deductible check payable to the University of Florida Foundation and sent to us in
the department.

[ ] Friends of Anthropology (graduate research and travel to meetings, department initiatives, undergraduate research)

[ ] Brendan O'Sullvian award for Outstanding Undergraduate Majors

[ ] Patricia Essenpries Scholarship for Undergraduate Archaeology Research

[ ] Paul and Polly Doughty Research Fund (Graduate Student Research)

[ ] Charles H. Fairbanks Fellowship in Archaeology

[ ] John Goggin Fellowship in Anthropology

[ ] Zora Neale Hurston Fellowship for Minority Graduate students

Amount: $

Please return to UF Anthropology, P.O. 117305, UF, Gainesville, FL 32611-7305

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