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 Biographical sketch
 Main
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Title: Linguistic diversity in cyberspace, with special attention to the Caribbean
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00083226/00001
 Material Information
Title: Linguistic diversity in cyberspace, with special attention to the Caribbean
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Pimienta, Daniel
Publisher: Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries,
Publication Date: 2006
 Subjects
Subject: Caribbean   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: Caribbean
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Bibliographic ID: UF00083226
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Cover
        Page 1
    Summary
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Biographical sketch
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Main
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Bibliography
        Page 22
        Page 23
Full Text

















< un resume de su ponencia

The presentation includes 3 parts:
1. A framework to understand the complexity of the digital divide.
2. Its application to the understanding of the diversity issue
3. Some fresh figures about some languages in the Internet
and data about languages in the Cribbean

The framework explains the 10 obstacles to overcome, above the existence of
an infrastructure, in order to move from ICT to Human Development. The
point which is demonstrated is that the question of access is just a small
part of the problem. The framework is then used as a methodological tool
for the systematic identification of the issues which are faced by
languages (and cultures) in cyberspace.

Some figures about the current state of linguistic diversity in the
Internet are provided from the FUNREDES's Observatory
(http://funredes.org/lc) and some indicators are
derived which allow to better understand the actual trends. The figure
shows a constant decrease of the (still pending) dominance of English in
the Internet (in terms of number of users as well as\percentage of web
pages). The situation of minority languages is critical and some
paradoxical about languages are exposed leading to a conclusion in favor of
multilinguism. In conclusion the presentation focus the peculiarsituation
of the Caribbean in terms of languages and cultures and recommend actions
in the line of CARDICIS project (http://cardicis.org).

- The first part of the presentation is made from an original publication
of Global Knowledge Partnership about to be launched:
http://funredes.org/english/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/469.

- The second part of the presentation is established from a report
published by Unesco (in French and English): "Measuring Linguistic
Diversity on the Internet, 2005" (UNESCO publications for the World Summit
of Information Society).
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-
URL ID=20804&URL DO=DO TOPIC&URL SECTION=201.html

- The third part is made from the last report of Funredes's linguistic
diversity observatory:
http://funredes.org/lc/english/medidas/sintesis.htm and completed with
Caribbean data.







UMntimited

traducciones vertalingen traduksiion traduJes traductions 7b6ersetzungen



La presentaci6n incluye tres parties:
1. Un marco para entender la complejidad de la division digital;
2. Su aplicaci6n a la comprensi6n del problema de la diversidad;
3. Algunas cifras recientes con respect a ciertas lenguas en la Internet y datos acerca de las
lenguas existentes en el Caribe.

El marco explica los diez obsticulos a superar, mas allA de la existencia de una
infraestructura, para pasar de la Tecnologia de Informaci6n y Comunicaci6n (TIC) al
Desarrollo Humano. Quedard demostrado que la cuesti6n del acceso constitute tan s61o una
parte pequefla del problema. Luego, el marco sera usado como herramienta metodol6gica
para la identificaci6n sistemAtica de los problems que enfrentan las lenguas (y las cultures)
en el ciberespacio.

Algunas de las cifras con respect al estado actual de la diversidad lingiistica en la Internet
provienen del Observatorio de FUNREDES (http://funredes.org/lc>http://funredes.or/lc) y
se deducen algunos indicadores que permiten una mejor comprensi6n de las tendencies
actuales. Las cifras muestran una disminuci6n constant del dominio (atin pendiente) del
ingles en la Internet (tanto en funci6n del nimero de usuarios como del porcentaje de paginas
web). La situaci6n de las lenguas minoritarias estA critical, y se revelan algunas paradojas con
respect a las lenguas que Ilevan a una conclusion que favorece el multilingiiismo.
Finalmente, la presentaci6n enfoca la situaci6n particular del Caribe con respect a sus
lenguas y cultures, y recomienda que se tomen acciones como la del proyecto CARDICIS
(http://cardicis.org).

La primera parte de la presentaci6n se hizo con base en una publicaci6n original de la
Global Knowledge Parnership que sera lanzada pr6ximamente:
http://funredes.org/english/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/469.

La segunda parte de la presentaci6n estA basada en un informed publicado por la Unesco (en
frances e inglIs): Measuring Linguistic Diversity on the Internet, 2005 ("Medir la diversidad
lingiiistica en la Internet, 2005") (publicaciones de UNESCO para la Cumbre Mundial sobre
la Sociedad de Informaci6n).
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-
URL ID=20804&URL DO=DO TOPIC&URL SECTION=201.html

La tercera parte fue hecha con base en el informed mis reciente del observatorio de
diversidad lingilistica de Funredes:
http://funredes.org/lc/english/medidas/sintesis.htm, y fue completada con datos del Caribe.












John G. Emanstraat 110, Oranjestad, Aru6a, W.I. Phone: (297) 588-2842 FaxC (297)588-4678
E-mail unlimitedtranslations@hotmailcom













ENGLISH


Daniel Pimienta was born in Morocco, read Applied Mathematics in Nice
and holds a Ph.D. in Computer Sciences.

After creating a Software House specialized in APL, he joined IBM
France, (La Gaude Laboratory) and worked 12 years as Telecommunication
System Architect and Planner, participating in voice/data integration
products, videotex and OSI protocol testing.

In 1988, he joined Union Latina, in Santo Domingo, as Scientific Advisor
and Head of REDALC project, focusing ICT for development. With the
support of European Union and Unesco, his team designed the first PC
based multilingual interface to networks (MULBRI 1989) and built and
operated Research and Civil Society networks in various LA&C countries:
Peru (1991), Dominican Republic (1992) and Haiti (1993).

En 1993, he launched the Networks & Development Foundation (FUNREDES)
Managing virtual communities, sensitizing and educating users,
elaborating multi-stakeholders strategies, experimenting appropriate
methodologies for sustainable development, with a special focus on:
- participative democracy with ICT and research-action on social impact
of ICT (funredes.org/mistica), Stockholm Challenge finalist 2001;
- observation of ICT public policies and alternative methodologies for
IS Indicators (funredes.org/olistica);
- observation of languages and cultures in the Internet (funredes.org/LC);
- Caribbean region integration (funredes.org/caribtic cardicis.or);
- efficient and plurilingual virtual communities (funredes.orq/emec).

Daniel Pimienta is an international speaker and writer on ICT4D and is
an active civil society actor in the World Summit of Information Society
(wsis.funredes.org) as well as an obstinate promoter of institutional
and professional collaboration in LA&C (redistic.org).

He is member, for the Caribbean, of the expert or executive committees
for the Francophone Virtual University, the Alliance of the "Three
Linguistic Spaces", GCNP, EUROLATIS and the World Network for Linguistic
Diversity, he is also member of the Foundation Council of the Digital
Solidarity Fund on behalf LA&C Civil Society. He has been nominated for
the 2003 World Technology Award for Ethics and Innovation in Technology.














ESPANOL


Daniel Pimienta naci6 en Casablanca (Marruecos), estudi6 matematica
aplicada en la Universidad de Niza (Francia) y tiene un doctorado en
informatica.

Despubs de haber creado una compadia de desarrollo de programs en APL,
se integr6 a IBM Francia, en el laboratorio de La Gaude, donde trabaj6
12 ados en calidad de arquitecto de sistemas de telecomunicaci6n y
"planner"; participando en la realizaci6n de products de integraci6n
voz/data, videotex, mensajeria electr6nica, y pruebas del protocolo OSI.

En 1988, ingres6 en la Uni6n Latina, en Santo Domingo, como asesor
cientifico y responsible del proyecto REDALC (Red para America latina y
el Caribe). Se dedic6 al uso de las TIC para el desarrollo. Con el apoyo
de la Uni6n Europea y de la Unesco, su equipo ha realizado uno de los
primeros programs de interfaz a las redes basado en PC (MULBRI 1989) y
construido y operado redes de investigaci6n y sociedad civil en various
paises de ALC: Peru (1991), Republica Dominicana (1992) e Haiti (1993).

En 1993, crea la Fundaci6n Redes y Desarrollo (FUNREDES) una ONG de la
cual sigue el responsible. Gesti6n de comunidades virtuales,
sensibilizaci6n y educaci6n de usuarios, creaci6n de contenidos,
negociaci6n de convenios de provecho mutuo con operadores de
telecomunicaci6n, creaci6n y prueba de metodologias apropiadas para el
desarrollo sostenible son las lines principles de actividad, con un
enfoque especial en:
- democracia participativa y investigaci6n-acci6n sobre el impact
social de las TIC (funredes.org/mistica), un proyecto finalista del
"Stockholm Challenge" en 2001;
- observaci6n de political publicas en TIC y metodologias alternatives
para indicadores de la Sociedad de la Informaci6n
(funredes.org/olistica);
- observaci6n de lenguas y cultures en la Internet (funredes.org/LC);
- integraci6n de la region Caribe con las TIC (funredes.org/caribtic,
cardicis.org);
- gesti6n eficiente y plurilingUe de comunidades virtuales en distintos
contextos, incluyendo la universidad virtual (funredes.org/emec).

Daniel Pimienta es un conferencista international y describe sobre el
tema de TIC para el desarrollo; es un actor de la sociedad civil
implicado en la Cumbre Mundial de la Sociedad de la Informaci6n. Es
miembro de comit6 de experts de la Alianza de los "Tres espacios
linguisticos", de la Universidad Virtual Franc6fona en el Caribe, de la
plataforma global de redes ciudadanas y EUROLATIS y de la Red Mundial de
la Diversidad Linguistica; es miembro del Consejo de Fundaci6n del Fondo
de Solidaridad Digital como vocero de la sociedad civil de America
Latina y el Caribe. Ha sido nominado para el "World Technology Award for
Ethics and Innovation in Technology" en 2003.














FRANgAIS

Daniel Pimienta est ne a Casablanca (Maroc) et a 6tudi6 les
Math6matiques appliquees A l'Universit6 de Nice (France) concluant avec
un doctorate en informatique.

Apres avoir cr6e une soci6et de service sp6cialisee en language APL, il a
rejoint IBM France, au centre d'etudes et recherche de La Gaude oc il a
consacr6 12 ans aux metiers d'architecte de systeme de
telecommunications et de concepteur d'applications tle6matiques,
participant au developpement de products d'integration voix/donnee, de
videotex, de messagerie electronique et aux tests du protocole OSI.

En 1988, il prend le poste de conseiller scientifique au siege de
l'Union Latine, a Saint Domingue, et dirige le project REDALC (r6seau
pour l'Am6rique latine et la Caralbe). Il s'interesse A l'utilisation
des r6seaux pour le developpement. Avec l'appui de l'Union Europeenne et
de l'Unesco, son 6quipe d6veloppe l'un des premiers interfaces aux
reseaux.base sur PC (MULBRI 1989) et construit et gere les reseaux
nationaux de la recherche et de la soci6te civil de quelques pays de la
region Amerique latine et Caralbes: Perou (1991), Republique Dominicaine
(1992) et Haiti (1993).

En 1993, il fonde l'Association Reseaux & Developpement (FUNREDES) une
ONG qu'il continue de diriger. Gestion de communautes virtuelles,
sensibilisation et education des utilisateurs, production de contenus,
negociation d'accords mutuellement profitable entire operateurs de
t&16coms et soci6te civil, conceptualisation et experimentation de
methodologies approprides pour le d6veloppement autonome sont les axes
principaux d'activit6s, avec une attention particulibre vers:
- la d6mocratie participative et la recherche-action sur l'impact social
des TIC (funredes.org/mistica), un project finaliste du Stockholm
Challenge> en 2001;
- l'observation des politiques publiques pour la soci6et de
l'information et la recherche de methodologies alternatiSes pour les
indicateurs (funredes.org/olistica);
- 1'observation des langues et cultures dans 1'Internet
(funredes.org/LC);
- l'integration de la Caralbe a l'aide des TIC (funredes.org/caritic,
http://cardicis.org);
- la gestion efficace et plurilingue de communaut6s virtuelles dans des
contextes varies, y inclus l'universit6 virtuelle (funredes.orq/emec,
funredes.org/tradauto).

Daniel Pimienta ecrit et offre des conferences internationales sur le
theme des TIC pour le developpement. Il est membre des comites d'experts
de l'Alliance des "trois spaces linguistiques", de l'universit6
virtuelle Francophone pour la Caralbe, du partenariat des r6seaux
citoyens, d'EUROLATIS et du R6seau Mondial de la Diversite Linguistique;
il est membre du Conseil de Fondation du Fond de Solidarit6 Numerique en
tant que voix de la soci6et civil d'Amirique latine et Caraibe. Ii a
ete nominee en 2003 pour le World Technology Award for Innovation>, dans
la cat6gorie Ethique.


1 I






Daniel Pimienta
pimienta@funredes.org

NETWORKS & DEVELOPMENT
FOUNDATION
http://funredes.org

PHItis=


http://funredes.org/LC





Linguistic & Cultural Diversity in
Cyberspace

1. A framework to understand the complexity of
the digital divide.

2. Its application to the understanding of the
diversity issue.

3. Some fresh figures about some languages in
the Internet and some crude data about
languages in the Caribbean.

4. Some relevant ongoing actions to inspire
ACURIL members.







i. A framework to understand the
complexity of the digital divide.






































I


AMU,-
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:i


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il I


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7
Technological
ownership


FUsage
ll^^-Usagle


S' -Access-
infrastructure


-Access-
sustainability


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LIBRARIANS HAVE A KEY
SOCIAL ROLE TO PLAY IN THE
HUGE CHALLENGE OF
INFORMATION LITERACY


SEE TOLEDO


'S


DECLARATION


http://www.lectores.info/formacion/file.php/38/Modulos/Documentos
/Dec Toledo.pdf

see also: http ://alfin.blogspirit.com/




2.


APPLICATION


OF ICT4HD FRAMEWORK
TO


CULTURAL


&


LINGUISTIC


DIVERSITY


HOW DOES THE HURDLES
TRANSLATE IN TERMS OF LANGUAGE
AND CULTURE?





ACCESS/I N FRASTRUCTURE


Technological neutrality is a
(ref.) however the interfaces
concentrated most of the prc
realted with cultural and. ling
diversity.


myth

,bmes
uistic


Ref: Charles Ess (2005) "Can the Local Reshape
the Global? Ethical Imperatives for Human
Intercultural Communication Online, in Capurro,
R & al (Eds), Localizing the Internet. Ethical
Issues in Intercultural Perspective,
Ver http://icie.zkm.de/congress2004





ACCESS/AFFORDABILITY

Universal access must include the
consideration of a price coherent
with the level of revenues of the
target population

Lenguages & cultures of poor
segments of population (basically in
the South but also immigrants in the
North)





ACCESO/SUSTAIN ABILITY

Telecenters' organization scheme
should be coherent with local cultural
practices.

Maintenance documentation in local
language.






ACCESS/LOCALIZATION


Interfaces shall
be natural to


allow access in
user's culture.


mother tongue and


Keyboard layout
Alphabet codification
- Online dictionaries and other support software
(Ref)
Automatic Translation (in the future)


Ref: Jose Antonio Millan, "How much is a language
worth..." Ver http://jamillan.com/worth.htm





ACCESS/LITERACY


The aim of universal access is to reach
knowledge and then start by a
functional literacy at 100%





USE


Here starts the requirement for
digital literacy


which sha


be conceived


as a p


process


which pays tribute to local languages


and cultu


res.





TECHNOLOGICAL OWNERSHIP



How to really own a tool which does
not understand your mother tongue?













Selecci6n de publicaciones Selection of papers Selection d'articles

- En "Calidad, Tecnologia y Globalizaci6n en la Educaci6n Superior
Latinoamericana", UNESCO/CRESALC, 7/92: "Integrar la comunidad acad6mica
latinoamericana: un desaflo para las redes telemAticas", pp331-367.
http1://funredes.org/espanol/publicaciones/index.php3/Ldocid/18

- "Latin American and Caribbean Networking Perspectives", "The Peruvian
Network", "The Dominican Network", "A Caribbean Survey", "Internet
prospects in the South: Simple questions, complex issues", Varios
articulos en Internet Society News, 92-93.

- "MULBRI, a State of the Art PC Based Interface to Research Networks",
Network Service Conference, Pise, 11/92.

-"Research Networks in Developing Countries: Not exactly the same
story!", Proc. INET93, San Francisco, 8/93, pp FBA1-11.
http://funredes.org/english/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/26

"La Comunicaci6n Mediante Computadora: una esperanza para el sector
cientifico del tercer mundo: la experiencia REDALC en America Latina",
Publicado en various lugares, incluyendo "Educaci6n Superior y Sociedad",
Vol.3, No.2, Caracas, Cresalc/Unesco, 12/93.
http://funredes.org/espanol/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/36

-"Mutual Benefit/Respect Relationship between Telecom Operators and
Research Networks: an Asset for the South Development", Proc. of
International Telecom. Society Conference, Sevilla, 6/96.
http://funredes.org/english/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/40

"Web Conferencing Systems are not providing Virtual Communities with
Proactivity: some Methodology is Required!", INET'99 poster paper, 4/99
http://funredes.org/funredes/html/english/publications/pademec.html

- "OLISTICA: La bdsqueda de maneras alternatives de concebir Indicadores
en el context de la Sociedad de la Informaci6n", Proc. del Taller sobre
indicadores de sociedad de la informaci6n y cultural cientifica,
organizado por la RICYT, Lisboa, 6/01
http://funredes.org/olistica/documentos/docl/

- "Quel space reste-t-il dans 1'Internet, hors la langue anglaise et la
culture "made in USA" ? ", en < Nord et Sud numeriques >, Les Cahiers du
Numeriques, Vol 2 No 3/4 Hermes, NumEro special sur la fracture
numerique, 2001
http://funredes.org/lc2005/L5/CahiersNumFinal.html

- "La bisqueda colectiva de un impact positive de la Internet", en
"Internet y Sociedad en America Latina y el Caribe", FLACSO Ecuador -
IDRC, pp543-586, 2001
http://funredes.org/mistica/castellano/ciberoteca/participantes/docuparti/esp doc 53/

-"The MISTICA project: Social and Collaborative Work with the
Internet", Internacional Informaci6n and Library Review, Vol. 33, n 4 -
12/2001, pp. 359-390
http://funredes.org/mistica/english/MisticaOTI.html

- "Les fruits de "Mistica": une experience de communaut6 virtuelle en
Amerique latine et aux Caralbes autour de 1'Impact social des TIC", en
"R6seaux humans, reseaux 6lectroniques, de nouveaux spaces pour


j- ,













l'action collective", Editions Charles Leopold Mayer VECAM, ppl81-202,
2001. http://www.vecam.org/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=36

- "The EMEC Methodology Knowledge Management in a Latin American Virtual
Community", in NovAtica, revista de la Asociaci6n de Tecnicos en
Informatica de Espafa;
http://www.upgrade-cepis.org/issues/2002/l/up3-1Pimienta.pdf

- PREPCOM/WSIS, ITU, Geneva, Discurso de introducci6n para la Sociedad
Civil, 7/2002
http://funredes.org/mistica/castellano/ciberoteca/tematica/esp_doc wsis.html

- "The History of Networks in the Caribbean: souvenirs et vision
partielles por parte de un actor de terreno.", Keynote Speech at ICA's
ICT Round Table, Barbados,. 10/2002
http://funredes.org/cardicis/docs/networkscaribbeanPimienta.rtf

-"La fracture numerique: un concept boiteux?", in "Soci6et de
l'information et cooperation internationale, development.com, Annuaire
suisse de politique de d6veloppement, IUED, 11/03
http://funredes.org/mistica/francais/cyberotheque/thematique/fra doc wsisl.html

- "At the Boundaries of Ethics and Cultures: Virtual Communities as an
Open Ended Process Carrying the Will for Social Change. (the "MISTICA"
experience)", in Capurro, R. & al. (Eds.) 2005. Localizing the Internet.
Ethical Issues in Intercultural Perspective. Schriftenreihe des ICIE Bd.
4, Minchen: Fink Verlag
http://funredes.org/mistica/castellano/ciberoteca/tematica/icie (Espadol)

- "Measuring Linguistic Diversity in Cyberspace", UNESCO Institute for
Statistics Montreal, Canada 2005
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URLID=20804&URL-DO=DO TOPIC&URLSECTION=201.html

- Co-coordinador del libro collective "Palabras en juego", 2005
http://www.vecam.org/art cle.php3?id_article=697&nemo=edm

- "The Hurdle Track from ICT tro Human Development" in "Beyond Tunis",
GKP Publications, 2006
http://funredes.org/english/publicaciones/index.php3/docid/469




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