• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 The griffin vulture
 How to scare lions
 The dog and the dove
 The condor
 A struggle with a wolf
 An elephant's revenge and...
 Pigtails
 The rattlesnake
 Kite-flying in China
 A clever gander
 How "Snob" saved his master
 A mother water-rat
 Anticipation
 Judging by appearances
 "Hats off"
 A queer salute
 The jewels
 The puma; or, American lion
 The elephant
 Perils by gunpowder
 The mariner's compass
 A Circassian view of European...
 A good example
 Euripides
 An astounded waiter
 Indian stoics
 Winter
 "The talented kittens"
 The eagle owl
 Polar bears
 The eagle
 Rocky mountain sheep
 Performing his toilet
 The boat-bill
 The Irish wolf-hound
 Crocodiles
 The hoopoe
 The hippopotamus
 The neomorpha
 Wild ducks
 The leopard
 The crested hornbill
 A bird in hand
 Recollections of "Speed"
 Our dog Speed
 Homer
 A large aviary
 "Keep the gate shut"
 Sixty years ago
 Sea gulls and cormorants
 The crested grebe
 The pheasant house
 Aristides the just
 Aristomenes
 Epaminondas
 Leonidas
 Phocion, the Athenian statesma...
 Sophocles
 The aoudad
 The crane and the trout
 A knowing dog
 The frogs and the eel
 The gardener's friend
 A dog's instinct
 Sagacious cows
 Remarkable instinct of a hare
 Prince Krapotkin's cat
 The converted giant
 The parrot's revenge
 Set free
 The horned tragopan
 The toucan
 The paradise fly-catcher
 Pinnated grouse
 The Chinese jacana
 Pluck rewarded
 The cheetah or hunting leopard
 The argus pheasant
 Birds of paradise
 Horse of Alexander the great
 A good-natured bear
 The bear and the bees
 The African water-fowl
 The dog and the monkeys
 The lion and Reynard
 A crew rescued by a dog
 Jacko, Wolf, and Brenda
 Anxious moments
 War
 Peace
 A narrow escape
 Biters
 The Chinese buffalo
 The English greyhound
 The deadly fight
 Ben Achma claiming his horse
 A monkey and his cigar
 The old dragoon horse
 Cat-and-mouse friends
 The Syrian bear
 The sick thrush
 A true story
 Pussy and the guinea-pig
 Waiting for a chance
 The prisoner's pet
 The mole
 The duet
 "Armed at all points"
 Hunting nandus
 Jacko and the pig
 The laughing jackass
 The darter
 The frigate bird
 The umbrella bird
 Honorius and his hen "Rome"
 The lost child
 The helmsman
 Jack
 Little Bessie
 The adjutant
 Donetti's baboons and monkeys
 The mastiff
 The sea-birds
 The prize-fighter
 The monkeys' revenge
 Funny faces of beasts
 Back Cover
 Spine






Title: Chatterbox circus
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00082545/00001
 Material Information
Title: Chatterbox circus
Physical Description: 1 v. (unpaged) : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Francis, Laurence H ( Editor )
Weir, Harrison, 1824-1906 ( Illustrator )
Dana Estes & Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Dana Estes and Company
Place of Publication: Boston
Publication Date: c1893
 Subjects
Subject: Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1893   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1893
Genre: Children's stories
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: edited by Laurence H. Francis ; with illustrations by Harrison Weir and others.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00082545
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002223091
notis - ALG3339
oclc - 214285211

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Frontispiece
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    The griffin vulture
        Page 5
        Page 6
    How to scare lions
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The dog and the dove
        Page 9
        Page 10
    The condor
        Page 11
        Page 12
    A struggle with a wolf
        Page 13
        Page 14
    An elephant's revenge and remorse
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Pigtails
        Page 17
        Page 18
    The rattlesnake
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Kite-flying in China
        Page 21
        Page 22
    A clever gander
        Page 23
        Page 24
    How "Snob" saved his master
        Page 25
        Page 26
    A mother water-rat
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Anticipation
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Judging by appearances
        Page 31
        Page 32
    "Hats off"
        Page 33
        Page 34
    A queer salute
        Page 35
        Page 36
    The jewels
        Page 37
        Page 38
    The puma; or, American lion
        Page 39
        Page 40
    The elephant
        Page 41
        Page 42
    Perils by gunpowder
        Page 43
        Page 44
    The mariner's compass
        Page 45
        Page 46
    A Circassian view of European customs
        Page 47
        Page 48
    A good example
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Euripides
        Page 51
        Page 52
    An astounded waiter
        Page 53
        Page 54
    Indian stoics
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Winter
        Page 57
        Page 58
    "The talented kittens"
        Page 59
        Page 60
    The eagle owl
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Polar bears
        Page 63
        Page 64
    The eagle
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Rocky mountain sheep
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Performing his toilet
        Page 69
        Page 70
    The boat-bill
        Page 71
        Page 72
    The Irish wolf-hound
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Crocodiles
        Page 75
        Page 76
    The hoopoe
        Page 77
        Page 78
    The hippopotamus
        Page 79
        Page 80
    The neomorpha
        Page 81
        Page 82
    Wild ducks
        Page 83
        Page 84
    The leopard
        Page 85
        Page 86
    The crested hornbill
        Page 87
        Page 88
    A bird in hand
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Recollections of "Speed"
        Page 91
        Page 92
    Our dog Speed
        Page 93
        Page 94
    Homer
        Page 95
        Page 96
    A large aviary
        Page 97
        Page 98
    "Keep the gate shut"
        Page 99
        Page 100
    Sixty years ago
        Page 101
        Page 102
    Sea gulls and cormorants
        Page 103
        Page 104
    The crested grebe
        Page 105
        Page 106
    The pheasant house
        Page 107
        Page 108
    Aristides the just
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Aristomenes
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Epaminondas
        Page 113
        Page 114
    Leonidas
        Page 115
        Page 116
    Phocion, the Athenian statesman
        Page 117
        Page 118
    Sophocles
        Page 119
        Page 120
    The aoudad
        Page 121
        Page 122
    The crane and the trout
        Page 123
        Page 124
    A knowing dog
        Page 125
        Page 126
    The frogs and the eel
        Page 127
        Page 128
    The gardener's friend
        Page 129
        Page 130
    A dog's instinct
        Page 131
        Page 132
    Sagacious cows
        Page 133
        Page 134
    Remarkable instinct of a hare
        Page 135
        Page 136
    Prince Krapotkin's cat
        Page 137
        Page 138
    The converted giant
        Page 139
        Page 140
    The parrot's revenge
        Page 141
        Page 142
    Set free
        Page 143
        Page 144
    The horned tragopan
        Page 145
        Page 146
    The toucan
        Page 147
        Page 148
    The paradise fly-catcher
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Pinnated grouse
        Page 151
        Page 152
    The Chinese jacana
        Page 153
        Page 154
    Pluck rewarded
        Page 155
        Page 156
    The cheetah or hunting leopard
        Page 157
        Page 158
    The argus pheasant
        Page 159
        Page 160
    Birds of paradise
        Page 161
        Page 162
    Horse of Alexander the great
        Page 163
        Page 164
    A good-natured bear
        Page 165
        Page 166
    The bear and the bees
        Page 167
        Page 168
    The African water-fowl
        Page 169
        Page 170
    The dog and the monkeys
        Page 171
        Page 172
    The lion and Reynard
        Page 173
        Page 174
    A crew rescued by a dog
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Jacko, Wolf, and Brenda
        Page 177
        Page 178
    Anxious moments
        Page 179
        Page 180
    War
        Page 181
        Page 182
    Peace
        Page 183
        Page 184
    A narrow escape
        Page 185
        Page 186
    Biters
        Page 187
        Page 188
    The Chinese buffalo
        Page 189
        Page 190
    The English greyhound
        Page 191
        Page 192
    The deadly fight
        Page 193
        Page 194
    Ben Achma claiming his horse
        Page 195
        Page 196
    A monkey and his cigar
        Page 197
        Page 198
    The old dragoon horse
        Page 199
        Page 200
    Cat-and-mouse friends
        Page 201
        Page 202
    The Syrian bear
        Page 203
        Page 204
    The sick thrush
        Page 205
        Page 206
    A true story
        Page 207
        Page 208
    Pussy and the guinea-pig
        Page 209
        Page 210
    Waiting for a chance
        Page 211
        Page 212
    The prisoner's pet
        Page 213
        Page 214
    The mole
        Page 215
        Page 216
    The duet
        Page 217
        Page 218
    "Armed at all points"
        Page 219
        Page 220
    Hunting nandus
        Page 221
        Page 222
    Jacko and the pig
        Page 223
        Page 224
    The laughing jackass
        Page 225
        Page 226
    The darter
        Page 227
        Page 228
    The frigate bird
        Page 229
        Page 230
    The umbrella bird
        Page 231
        Page 232
    Honorius and his hen "Rome"
        Page 233
        Page 234
    The lost child
        Page 235
        Page 236
    The helmsman
        Page 237
        Page 238
    Jack
        Page 239
        Page 240
    Little Bessie
        Page 241
        Page 242
    The adjutant
        Page 243
        Page 244
    Donetti's baboons and monkeys
        Page 245
        Page 246
    The mastiff
        Page 247
        Page 248
    The sea-birds
        Page 249
        Page 250
    The prize-fighter
        Page 251
        Page 252
    The monkeys' revenge
        Page 253
        Page 254
    Funny faces of beasts
        Page 255
        Page 256
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
    Spine
        Spine
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CHATTERBOX




EDITED BY


LAURENCE


BY HARRISON


H. FRANCIS


WEIR AND OTHERS


BOSTON
DANA ESTES AND COMPANY
PUBLISHERS


CIRCUS


WitU 3lluutrationis



























Copyright,
1888, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, and 1898,
By ESTES AND LAURIAT.












THE GRIFFIN VULTURE.


THE griffin vulture is an inhabitant of Southern
Europe, Northern Africa, and some parts of Asia.
It makes its nest on the most inaccessible rocks of the
Pyrenees or other mountains, and sometimes in tall
forest trees. It is a large and handsome bird, with yel-
lowish-brown plumage and a fierce eye. The ruff on
its neck is beautifully white.
When this vulture has found a carcass on which to
feed, it will remain on the spot, gorging and torpidly
resting by turns, till not a morsel of flesh remains. It
is on record that on some battlefields the horrible sight
has been seen of vast numbers of vultures assembling
together in order to devour the dead. This, if true,
may account for the disgust and loathing which many
persons feel for this rapacious bird.













HOW TO SCARE LIONS.


B ISHOP HANNINGTON, one day when taking his
walk abroad in the jungles, saw a pretty little
animal which came fawning up to him like a puppy.
-He picked it up and began to fondle it, whereupon
some natives who were with him howled and ran away.
The good missionary had taken a lion's whelp to his
bosom; and the infuriated parents soon made their
appearance on the scene.
The Bishop showed equal pluck and presence of mind.
Dropping the cub, he put up his umbrella, and gallantly
charged the lion and lioness, dancing and yelling as if
he had been one of the unconverted pagans celebrating
some diabolical rite. Terror at the sight and sounds
got the better of paternal and maternal affection, and
the great cats turned tail and rushed back to their lair
in the forest.












THE DOG AND THE DOVE.


AT Tullibelton, in Perthshire, there is a well-bred
pointer, named Fop," who, when not engaged in
his professional pursuits on the moor, lives chiefly in a
kennel adjoining the stables. Nearly a year ago, one
of a pair of Jacobin pigeons, who lived in and about the
stable-yard, died, and its mate at once attached itself
to the dog, and has been its constant companion ever
since. On the days when the sportsmen are not seeking
grouse, the dog is in his kennel, and the pigeon is al-
ways his close attendant. On the days when "Fop"
is taken onto the moor, the pigeon is much concerned.
She follows him as far as she dare, until a little wood
is reached, through which the keeper and dogs have to
take their way. At this point her courage fails her,
and she returns to the stable, to wait hopefully for her
comrade's return.













THE CONDOR.


THIS remarkable bird is mainly found along the
entire length of the immense mountain chain of
the Andes, which may be called the backbone of the
South American continent.
The condor lives mainly upon carrion. When he
sees the carcass of a dead horse or cow, or some such
carrion, he descends upon it in a sweeping flight, and
gorges himself with it so that sometimes he cannot fly
off. The condor will sometimes pounce upon living ani-
mals; it has been known to carry off a lamb, and when
pressed with hunger it will kill and devour a huge snake.
Of the many birds which soar to a great height in the
atmosphere, such as the eagle, the frigate-bird, and
others,- the condor surpasses them all! Humboldt
observed them in the Andes at a height of not less
than 20,000 feet above the level of the sea.












A STRUGGLE WITH A WOLF.


SIGISMUND DONIOWSKI nearly lost his life in an
encounter with a large grey wolf. While travel-
ling along a lonely forest path he seated himself to rest
and fell asleep. He was suddenly awakened by some
creature which had fallen on him, at the same time fix-
ing its fangs in his thick jacket. He attempted to
shake off the wolf and to reach his axe which had been
forced out of his belt. The struggle was a severe one;
but Sigismund was a very muscular man, and, suddenly
clinching his right hand, he drove his fist with all his
force against the nose of the wolf, which compelled it
to start back. Before the monster could recover from
its surprise, Sigismund had seized it by its thick hair,
and, lifting it high into the air, he dashed it with all
his force to the ground. The wolf's spine was injured,
and Sigismund quickly killed it with his axe.











AN ELEPHANT'S REVENGE AND REMORSE.

A FAVOURITE elephant, whose name was Malleer,
had to contend with a most formidable opponent
of his own race. In a moment of extreme excitement,
Malleer suddenly rushed upon his keeper, and at a sin-
gle stroke of his trunk killed him. The keeper's wife,
frantic with grief, rushed forward, exclaiming, "Oh,
Malleer, Malleer, savage beast! See what you have
done! You have killed my husband, whom you loved
so well, -now kill me and his son!" But Malleer's
rage was appeased, and he now felt remorse for what
he had done. As the woman turned now and then to
the elephant to reproach him, he stood as if conscious
of his crime, looking sadly at her. From that day she
was his keeper; he would have no other. Even when
in a fury of excitement, she had only to command and
he obeyed.












PIGTAILS.


SDARE say you think the Chinese a funny sort o
people, with long pigtails, little eyes, and thick-solei
shoes, and who are mostly engaged in the tea trade
They certainly have small eyes, or rather narrow ones
and they do wear very thick, white soles to their shoes
but as for their pigtails, they have only worn those foi
the last two hundred years.
One of the greatest indignities that can be inflicted
on a Chinaman is to cut off his pigtail; yet the happen
dage serves various purposes which are neither dignified
nor pleasant to the owner thereof. If a prisoner i,
brought before a magistrate, the warder drags him intc
the hall of justice by his pigtail. If a thief is pursued
he is often caught by his pigtail; so those of the lowei
classes, who think that it may prove a too convenient
handle, usually wear it twisted round their heads.












THE RATTLESNAKE.


JOSEPH FLUDE, having set out to go to the house
of a neighbour one stormy night, lost his way and
accidentally trod on a large snake which fastened on his
leg; but fortunately for him its fangs only caught on
his trousers. He seized a thick stick which happened
to be lying on the ground, and with it he battered the
snake till he stunned it. But to his horror a vivid flash
of lightning revealed hissing reptiles on every side. He
ran for his life; but another snake had fastened on his
leg, and as he ran, he dragged it with him along the
ground. He arrived at his destination completely
exhausted; but the snake dropped off on the way, hav-
ing, like the first one, only caught its teeth in his trou-
sers. To this circumstance he owed his life; for had
its poisonous fangs pierced his skin, his fate would have
been sealed.













KITE-FLYING IN CHINA.


SOME of the amusements of children in Europe are
in China the pastimes of grown-up people; and
old men may often be seen flying kites, whilst the chil-
dren look on.
At a certain season of the year, when the weather is
favourable, great numbers of people take part in this
amusement. Some of them are big boys, but they are
mostly grown-up men, and amongst them may be seen
old gentlemen, with grey beards and huge goggle spec-
tacles, earnestly engaged managing their kites which
they send up to a surprising height. The chief fun to
the younger men is to try and bring down each other's
kites, either by entangling them or dividing the string.
Meanwhile the children look on and solemnly discuss
the merits of the kites or the skill of their different
owners.













A CLEVER GANDER.


SOME years ago I went with my sister to call at a
cottage. In approaching it we passed a goose and
a gander, with a thriving family of young ones, the
gander being at the time busy in inflicting punishment,
with beak and wings, on one of his goslings. My sister
went into the cottage, and while I waited for her I saw
the old man who lived in the cottage walking along a
footpath leading from it, followed by the gander, which
had left its family and its quarrel to walk meekly at
his heels like a dog. When it saw, however, that he
was going off the open ground, it mounted an eminence,
watched him till he was out of sight, and then returned
to its proper sphere. Asking the old man's daughter
what method her father used in gaining the gander's
affection, she replied, "Not by feeding or petting. He
just claps it on the head, and says, My man.'"












HOW "SNOB" SAVED HIS MASTER.


ONE day, Snob's master had gone into his dressing-
room to put on his boots before going out, and he
was followed into the room by the dog. He sat down,
took one of the boots up, and was in the act of putting
it on, when Snob seized hold of it in his mouth, and,
dragging it away, would not allow his master to come
near it. He thought this very strange, and tried to get
it from him, but the more he tried, the more Snob
barked. At last his master began to wonder if there
really was anything in the boot, and approaching as
near as the dog would let him, he examined it well,
and after a short time out came a small snake, which
had, no doubt, been coiled up fast asleep all the time.
He killed it immediately, and upon looking closely he
found it to be one of a very poisonous nature, and had
the creature bitten him he would not have lived long.













A MOTHER WATER-RAT.


I WAS standing on a bridge over a small brook, when
I saw a water-rat swimming up the stream towards
me, and making for the archway, where it disappeared;
and on returning towards the same spot shortly after-
wards, I caught sight of the rat coming from under the
arch with something in its mouth, and swimming
quickly towards me. Close at hand was a rail with an
upright post, around which clung a good deal of float-
ing weed. To this the rat made her way, still carrying
her burden, which she laid upon it, and then began to
climb up herself. When she was fairly up I saw that
her burden was a young one of about three inches long,
which nestled under the mother, till, a slight shower
coming on, they both made for the rail, the mother
pushing her child up onto it first in safety, and then
getting up herself and nursing it as before.












ANTICIPATION.


DISTANCE (so the bard has shown us)
Lends enchantment to the view;
And what seems a splendid bonus,
Sometimes is not worth a sou.
Rover, like his lord, is gifted-
He can eat his dinner twice;
When it hangs on high uplifted,
Looking, oh, so very nice!
And when mutton, beef, or bacon -
(As his doggish tastes may run),
In his mouth capacious taken,
Proves a sorry scrap of bun.
As you eye old Rover dining
Off the little bits that fall,
Sweetly-tempered, unrepining,
Be contented, one and all!












JUDGING BY APPEARANCES.


SN civilised countries the greatest man in an assembly
is often the most plainly dressed. But amongst
savage races, this is very seldom the case.
In the earlier years of the reign of Queen Victoria,
a band of Canadian Indians, of the Ojibbeway tribe,
was brought over to this country, and exhibited at the
Egyptian Hall, where they gave illustrations of their
native customs, dances, and games. The Queen being
desirous of seeing the Redmen, they were taken in
cabs to Buckingham Palace, and as they entered the
doors of the palace, their attention was arrested by an
imposing personage, arrayed in scarlet and blue,
trimmed with gold lace. Surely, they thought, here
was some mighty chief; and they swooped down on
the astonished and alarmed porter, and shook his
unwilling hand until his fingers ached again.












"HATS OFF."


IT has, from 'an early period, been the custom in
European countries to uncover the head in the pres-
ence of a superior, as a mark of respect. When the
Society of Friends, or Quakers, as they were called,
refused to remove their hats out of respect to any
human being, there were some very odd scenes.
Notwithstanding his peculiarities, William Penn was
liked by King Charles II. When he was planning his
American colony he had occasion to go to Whitehall,
where the King held his court. Entering the room,
and advancing amid all the bareheaded courtiers with
his hat on, the King, with a smile, took off his own.
Friend Charles," said Penn, "wherefore dost thou
uncover thyself ?"
Friend Penn," replied the King, it is the custom of
this place for only one man at a time to wear his hat."












A QUEER SALUTE.

IN different parts of the world people have various
ways of saluting or showing respect to one another.
Europeans generally show respect by bowing, and
taking off their hats.
The New Zealanders, and other inhabitants of Aus-
tralasia, greet each other by rubbing their noses
together, and the natives of Tahiti show respect to a
superior by removing their upper garments.
But the strangest of all modes of salutation is that
practised by the Tibetians. Though Tibet forms a part
of the Chinese empire, the natives have never adopted
any of the Chinese fashions, except that some of them
wear queues. The Chinese manner of saluting is by
bending the body, joining the closed hands together
and raising them to the forehead; but when two Tibe-
tians meet, they bow, scratch their ears, and put out
their tongues.












THE JEWELS.


A RICH Chinaman was very proud of wearing a
dress which was trimmed all over with costly
jewels. An old priest, who was very shabbily dressed,
one day met him in the street. He stood in front of
him, and looked him over from head to foot, then he
bowed down to the ground before him, and thanked
him in the warmest manner for his jewels. My
friend," said the rich man, I have not given you any
jewels."
Certainly not," replied the old priest, "but you
have given me the pleasure of seeing them, and you
yourself can get no further enjoyment from them.
Therefore the only difference between us is, that you
have the trouble of wearing and guarding them, whilst
I am spared that burden, and can also enjoy them
when I see them."













THE PUMA; OR, AMERICAN LTON.


THE Puma, or Cougar, sometimes called the Ameri-
can Lion, is rivalled in America only by the
Jaguar, which is somewhat larger. Its fur is thick
and close, reddish-brown above, and of a paler colour on
the breast and lower parts of the body. Young pumas,
however, have dark-brown spots all over the back,
which spots disappear when the animal is full-grown.
The puma climbs trees with great ease, and generally
secures its prey by darting down upon some unwary
animal, such as an antelope, which may be passing
below. It is not only very active in its habits, but it
is a powerfully built animal, though fortunately it is
rather cowardly, seldom venturing to attack a man face
to face, though quite willing to dog his footsteps day
after day, in the hope of finding him off his guard or
asleep, when it will at once attack and destroy him.












THE ELEPHANT.


THE elephant is endowed with extraordinary sagac-
ity. He is so immense, so unwieldy, so strong,
that he could crush any one of us to death with one
stamp of his foot; and yet so amiable, so good-natured,
that he allows children to ride upon his back, and
would step aside from the path lest he should crush
some fallen infant to death.
Water to all elephants is an absolute necessity. In
their native haunts the bath is always taken in the
cool of the evening, when a herd of these gigantic
creatures have been seen by sportsmen to approach
some deep forest pool with such a noiseless tread that
scarcely a sound can be heard. Whenever the leading
elephant makes up his mind that no concealed enemies
are near, he gives a signal to his companions, and they
all rush into the water, and enjoy themselves.













PERILS BY GUNPOWDER.


IN the year 1812, the En i was fighting in
Spain. The town of( udad Rodrigo had just been
taken; and a Captain Jonesad qa rL ed some of the
soldiers in a warehouse, and had then gone on towards
a church near which Lord Wellington and his principal
officers were standing. The instant he stepped into
the building he saw that the church had been used as a
powder-magazine by the French. Barrels were stand-
ing round, gunpowder lay loosely scattered on the
pavement, and in the midst was a fire, probably lighted
by the Portuguese soldiers. Without a moment's loss
of time, he and the sergeants entered the church, took
up the burning embers piece by piece, and carried them
safely over the scattered powder and out of the church.
Thus they saved, probably, not only the soldiers, but
Lord Wellington and his officers, from a terrible death.












THE MARINER'S COMPASS.


IN ancient times ships were steered by the position of
the sun by day, and at night by certain clusters of
stars. But as these were invisible in stormy weather,
it was often mere chance if the vessel reached the port
for which it was bound. Now a ship can be steered to
any part of the world with the greatest accuracy by
means of the mariner's compass, which consists of a
magnetised needle working on a pivot in the centre of
a circular card, on which are inscribed the thirty-two
points of the compass. It is placed in a box so con-
structed that the compass retains a horizontal position,
however much the ship rolls; and as the needle always
points towards the north, the captain can, at any time,
by looking at it, tell in what direction his vessel is
going. The needle acquires its magnetic power by
being rubbed with a loadstone.











A CIRCASSIAN VIEW OF EUROPEAN CUSTOMS.

WV HEN Dr. Clarke was travelling through the Rus-
sian Empire he arrived at the banks of the River
Kuban, just as a conference was about to take place by
which terms of peace might be arranged between the
Turkish Pasha and Circassian chiefs on one side, and
the Cossacks on the other. When the conference was
ended the Turkish Pasha took his departure as quickly
as possible; but Dr. Clarke wished to cross to the
Asiatic side to get a nearer view of the people. The
Circassians, seeing the party advancing, seized their
arms and began talking loudly and rapidly. The Doc-
tor, wishing to show his friendly feelings towards them,
took off his hat and made them a low bow. The
Circassians burst into a loud peal of laughter, and
mimicked his gesture until the Doctor and his party
had reached the European side of the river.












A GOOD EXAMPLE.


M/ ARY ALLEN was the only daughter, among eight
children, of a widow feeble and poor. Mary had
so loving and generous a disposition that she was will-
ing to take upon her young shoulders the whole burden
of her seven brothers. But Mary's unselfish routine of
duty was brought to a sudden close one day by an
attack of influenza; and for some weeks an aunt came
to take charge of the household and to nurse the good
daughter. After this illness had passed, Mary was
sent to a country village to recover her strength. This
was a time of happiness to her, for there were aged
people and neglected children there to whom her loving
heart prompted her to be as kind as possible. When
Mary left to return home, many blessings were given
her by her various friends, one old lady telling her
that her bonny face was like a sunbeam to her heart.












EURIPIDES.


EU7RIPIDES, the last of the three great tragic poets
of Athens, was born in Salamis, B. c. 480. He
exhibited his first tragedy when in his twenty-fifth
year. The King of Macedonia, a great patron of
learned men, invited him to his Court and treated him
with the greatest honour; but this excited the envy of
rival poets at the Court. They set the King's dogs upon
him, and the aged dramatist was so badly bitten that
he died of his injuries. He received a magnificent
funeral, the King himself showing his grief by going
into mourning. Euripides was seventy-five years old-
when he met with his death. He is said to have written
seventy-five dramas. His poetry was held in higher
esteem abroad than in his own country; for when the
Athenians were routed in a great battle in Sicily, many
gained their liberty by teaching his verses to their
conquerors.












AN ASTOUNDED WAITER.


A ONE-EYED engineer, a one-armed cavalry officer,
and a one-legged sea-captain seated themselves in
the corners of a room in a hotel, and called for the
waiter. "Waiter," cried the engineer, "take off my
eye-glass, and while you are about it, take out my eye."
Eye-glass and glass eye came away together, and the
waiter looked at them doubtfully as they lay in his
hand. Just then, the one-armed dragoon called,
" Waiter, take off my glove, and also my arm." Glove
and hand gave way, when the one-legged sailor shouted,
" Waiter, pull off my leg and my boot, too." The poor
waiter complied, and the previously loosened straps of
the cork leg gave way, and down went the dignified
waiter on his back, with the artificial limb in his grasp.
The waiter, casting a terrified glance at the limbs which
strewed the carpet, rushed frantically downstairs.













INDIAN STOICS.


T HE Micmacs were the most numerous of the Cana-
dian tribes, and they were divided into two parties,
under separate chiefs, named respectively, "Sam Soap"
and "Peter Basket." Some difficulty arose about the
land, and Peter Basket determined to go to England
and lay his case before Queen Victoria.
When he arrived there, he made numerous friends;
so, instead of going home when his business was com-
pleted, he remained in England for fifteen years!
At last he remembered his old home and set out on
his return voyage. One day he suddenly walked into
his old wigwam in a brand-new suit of English clothes,
and sat down without a word. His old squaw turned
to her grown-up daughter, who had been a baby when
her father left her, and said, Nancy, here's the old man
come back again in a new hat "












WINTER.


A DEAR little robin once sat on a tree
(The snow lay quite thick on the track),
And the sweet little pet was as bright as could be.
"I must just make the best of the weather," thought he,
"For I know that sweet spring will come back.
"I am hungry, of course, and would like a few crumbs;
Oh, would n't I think them so good!
But I know very well when the little girl comes,
Who sits at that window and works at her sums,
She will throw me some morsels of food.
"Ah, here comes the dear little maid! In her hand
She carries a dish full of crumbs.
I'm sure she's the best little girl in the land,
And I hope she may always have crumbs at command
To feed us when cold winter comes!"













"THE TALENTED KITTENS."


NT OW, a saucy youngster, an impudent boy,
Owns a pair of pug puppies, his pride and his joy;
And he dared to declare we'd no sense in our head,
While his puppies could take in each word that he said.
So, after we'd practised in private awhile,
We advanced to the table with sweet Cheshire smile,
And we balanced ourselves on our little hind legs,
Unsurpassed by the cleverest puppy that begs,
While glad little Kathleen clapped hands with delight,
And Jim scarce could credit the wonderful sight;
He hardly could speak, with astonishment smitten,
And humbly owned each was a marvellous kitten.
And ever since then, and for aye, I expect,
We have won from that urchin the deepest respect,
Since, without being taught, we had managed the trick,
And proved that our talents were nimble and quick.












THE EAGLE OWL.


OWLS are not only harmless but very useful, as
their food consists of mice and other vermin.
There are exceptions, however, to every rule, and it is
true enough that some of the larger owls, such as the
dignified-looking bird before us, are bold and powerful,
and not unwilling to add young pigeons, chickens, and
small game to their usual bill of fare.
Our captive owls are perfectly happy in their exile;
they have plenty of food, their meditations are undis-
turbed, and what more could an owl desire?
There are upwards of sixty species of owls, widely
spread over the known world. One species is very pecu-
liar in its habits, as it is a burrowing owl. It is only
met with in parts of America where it shares the bur-
row of the prairie dog, and may almost always be seen
near its companion.












POLAR BEARS.


TO watch the playful gambols of the Polar bears in
the Zoological Gardens is a source of much amuse-
ment to visitors. The larger animal is heavy and
uncouth, while his smaller companion likes to get some
fun out of him, especially while in their bath. There
they roll and tumble about together, often splashing so
vigorously that the unwary onlooker sometimes has an
unexpected shower-bath, to the great amusement of
those who have contrived to escape in time.
The larger animal has been in the Gardens for many
years, living all the time in what he must have felt to
be a dreary solitude indeed. At length a pretty little
bear being procured as a companion for him, it was soon
seen that they were disposed to be friendly, and they
have long shared each other's exile, doubtless to the
great contentment of both.












THE EAGLE.


TTHERE are many varieties of this fine bird, and they
are found in almost every quarter of the globe.
Eagles are all fierce and powerful, with a great stretch
of wing, so that their flight is beautiful and majestic.
The natural food of these majestic birds, when at
liberty, is hares, rabbits, young lambs, and sometimes
even sheep; while it is on record that a large male bird
has actually been seen, in the wilds of Scotland, boldly
to attack a stag, swooping down upon its back from a
great height, tearing the flesh from its neck with its
claws, and attempting to deprive it of sight by repeated
strokes from its beak.
The nest of the eagle is a tangle of sticks and rushes,
built generally on a flat shelf of rock at a great height.
It is extremely dangerous to approach the nest after
the eaglets are hatched, as at that time the parent-
birds are fierce and daring.











ROCKY MOUNTAIN SHEEP.


AMONG the great variety of wild sheep, none are
more interesting than the species which inhabits
the Rocky Mountains of North America. The abode
of these sheep is in the most craggy and inaccessible
parts of that great mountain chain, where they roam
about in little danger. The flesh of these sheep is of
the very best quality; the wool is also very fine. The
general colour is brown, although in spring the old rams
become almost white.
Both male and female of this variety are supplied
with horns, although the horns of the latter are much
smaller and also less twisted than those of her partner;
the horns of the ram being so large and so much curved
downwards and forwards that, in many cases, the
creature is quite unable to feed on level ground; but
as they inhabit a mountainous region they have little
need to go hungry.












PERFORMING HIS TOILET.


A LADY in India, returning to her bungalow one cool
evening, was surprised to catch glimpses of a brush
in active use before her looking-glass. She could not
see who was wielding it, but she suspected her Ayah or
native maid. She entered her apartment very softly,
and there saw, perched on a chair before the dressing-
table, a large monkey. He used the brush in quite a
skilful way, and turned his head from side to side in
most grotesque imitation of a human being similarly
occupied. After watching for a few moments the lady
clapped her hands, when out went Mr. Monkey in one
flying leap through the window. The owner of the
brush afterwards remembered how a group of monkeys
had watched her toilet from the outside, and she found
that she had been unconsciously giving a lesson in
hair-dressing.













THE BOAT-BILL.


T HIS curious bird is generally found near water,
haunting the rivers, marshes, and swamps of South
America, where it can find ample supplies of food. The
boat-bill is by no means uncommon in Guiana and
Brazil; sometimes it frequents the sea-coast, feeding
upon the small crabs and various other things which
are left by the retiring tide; but its usual places of
resort are rivers and inland swamps. Its method of
procuring its food resembles that of the king-fisher. It
perches upon some branch which overhangs the water,
and then pounces upon its prey beneath.
Its appearance is remarkable, especially the head and
beak. It is called the boat-bill from the singular form
of its bill, which resembles a boat reversed, having a
strong ridge or keel down the middle of the upper
mandible, and the sides spread out and bowed.












THE IRISH WOLF-HOUND.


AT what date wolves ceased to exist in England it is
impossible now to say. The hounds used in the
chase of wolves were fleet of foot, strong, and very
courageous. When they seized the prey, they held
on with a grip which they refused to relax as long as
life remained in the victim. The animals, known now
as wolf-hounds, have degenerated from the original type.
They are, however, still marked by fineness of scent and
by docility and sagacity. The muzzle is not so sharp
as in the greyhound, nor is the form so slender. The
ears are long and drooping. The dogs attach them-
selves closely to man; indeed, to own one of those
intelligent animals is to possess a friend whose fidelity
may be counted on as long as it has life.
In the days of King Edgar, criminals were granted
a pardon if they could produce a certain number of
wolves' paws.













CROCODILES.


THE crocodile is the largest of known reptiles. It
is lizard-like in form, and its mouth presents a
very formidable appearance. Each jaw has a single
row of large, strong, conical teeth. It preys on fish
and on warm-blooded animals, which go to the river
to drink. Some of the larger crocodiles do not scruple
to attack a man, pursuing him on land, or, if having
seized him in the river, they drag him into the deeper
water, and hold him under till he is drowned.
The neck of the crocodile is very stiff, which makes
it very difficult for the unwieldy creature to turn:
therefore, should a man be pursued by one of these ani-
mals, he may escape if he can be cool enough to turn
swiftly from side to side.
Crocodiles are found in fresh water and estuaries, but
only in the warmest parts of the world.












THE HOOPOE.


THIS bird is well known in many parts of the world;
its history may be traced far back into the shad-
owy past.
The appearance of the Hoopoe is somewhat remark-
able; its beak is long and slender and finely pointed.
The tongue is forked and capable of being extended so
as to enable it to reach the juices of flowers. The
arched, fan-like crest is formed by two parallel rows of
long feathers, of a ruddy buff colour tipped with black;
the feathers of the crest can be elevated or depressed
at pleasure, in a slow and graceful manner. The tail
is long and has a bar of white crossing it. The bird
generally remains concealed among the trees, but con-
stantly utters the syllable bu, bu, bu, with such a strong
penetrating voice that it may be heard at a great
distance.











THE HIPPOPOTAMUS.


A FRICA is the only quarter of the globe in which
the hippopotamus is found. He is one of the
largest of existing quadrupeds, his bulk being little
inferior to that of the elephant, although he does not
stand nearly so high, the legs being so short that the
body almost touches the ground. The head of the hip-
popotamus is enormous, with small ears, and small eyes
placed high in the head. The muzzle is very large and
swollen in appearance, with large nostrils, and great
lips concealing the huge front teeth.
As the animal only eats vegetable matter, one feels
almost astonished at the size and strength of these
teeth; but such is the luxuriance of tropical vegeta-
tion that unless furnished with teeth such as these he
could never drag out the roots and great stems, of
aquatic plants upon which he delights to feed.












THE NEOMORPHA.


A REMARKABLE bird is found among the hills in
New Zealand; it is named Neomorpha (or new
form), as its form is peculiar and almost unknown,
except, of course, to the natives. When it was first
observed by Mr. Gould, he thought that the specimen
with the straight beak was of a different species from
that which has the curved bill, and put them down in
his notes under different titles; but, afterwards, he
found that they were only the male and female of the
same birds. These birds are in great demand among the
natives, on account of the feathers of the tail; these
tail feathers are sent as presents to all parts of the
island. The natives regard the bird with the straight
and stout beak as the male, and the other as the female.
These fine birds can only be obtained with the help of
a native, who calls them with a shrill prolonged whistle.












WILD DUCKS.


T HERE is a bewildering variety of wild ducks. But
of all these birds it may be said that there is a
marked difference in colour between the males and the
females, which difference is not nearly so apparent in
the case of geese and swans.
Conspicuous among the wild ducks to be seen at the
Zoological Gardens is the summer duck of North Amer-
ica, a really beautiful bird, and which is said (in
common with the mandarin duck) to possess the sin-
gular power of perching on trees. Another very
handsome bird is the pintail duck, rather longer in
shape than most ducks, and with a tail which tapers to
a point. This bird regularly visits many parts of the
British coasts, and is much esteemed for the table.
Besides these, there are the Javanese duck, the whist-
ling duck of the warmer parts of America, the black
duck, and many others.












THE LEOPARD.


THE leopard, now generally supposed to be the
same as the panther, has a peculiar gracefulness
and flexibility of form, with a very long tail and
spotted fur, each spot composed of five or six small
spots arranged in a circle or rosette.
The leopard is extremely agile, and has wonderful
power in leaping, and also in climbing trees.
There can be no prettier sight than to witness the
gambols of these pretty and graceful creatures in the
Zoological Garden:s, where every convenience for climb-
ing and otherwise amusing themselves is afforded them.
No animal can be kept in a healthy condition if it is
not happy; it is therefore not only kind, but wise, that
all the variety of curious and rare creatures assembled
in the Gardens should be treated in such a manner as
to make them happy in exile.













THE CRESTED HORNBILL.


M ANY conjectures have been made as to the use or
purpose of the extraordinary helm and beak of
the hornbill. Some think that it may assist the bird
in producing the extremely loud, hoarse cry for which
it is remarkable.
Our illustration shows the crested hornbill; its gen-
eral colour is a rich violet black. The bill is yellowish-
white, with the base of the lower mandible black. The
bird in the picture with a smaller casque is the adult
female; the young has an admixture of brown in the
plumage, and is without the pointed ridge to the casque.
When in a tame condition the hornbill soon becomes
much attached to its owner. If any quarrelling is going
on among the other tame birds of the establishment,
the hornbill rushes into the affray like a policeman,
and speedily puts an end to the dispute.












A BIRD IN HAND.


B EHOLD Master Fox hurrying off with a plump
duck which he has managed to secure, and which
will soon have quacked for the last time! No doubt he
thinks that the "bird in hand" rather, we should
say, in mouth is better than two, or any number
of rabbits, in the hedgerow. As he rushes along to his
den, the rabbits in the copse fly hither and thither,
alarmed at his approach; but for the present they are
safe; he is not likely to meddle with them just now.
Still, when he is strong and well, a fox has a remarkably
good appetite, and poultry of all sorts game, hares,
and rabbits are acceptable to him; and he is bold
enough to make a prize of a very young lamb if he has
the chance.
Foxes are such thieves that it is necessary that they
should not be allowed to multiply too fast.













RECOLLECTIONS OF "SPEED."


OUR dog "Speed" was a beautiful creature, and he
soon became a great favourite in the household,
with one exception,- Snap, the ancient pug, could not
endure him, and kept up this animosity to the close of
his life without the least provocation; for Speed never
was known to retaliate. When the younger members
of the family were chatting around the fire, the door
would be gently pushed open and Speed's head would
be seen; and the moment he was perceived, Snap would
dart upon him, worrying him in a most irritating man-
ner. Speed would watch his friends, hoping for the
coveted invitation which was soon forthcoming. It was
delightful to see the grateful look that shone in his
eyes as he made one of the happy circle round the fire.
When we moved to the city he was allowed much
liberty, which developed in Speed a taste for wrong.












OUR DOG SPEED.


SPEED discovered one day, on a side-table, a tempt-
ing roll of butter, also an ox-tongue which had just
been boiled and laid there to cool. The delicious odour
was too much to withstand; and when discovered these
viands were almost entirely consumed, and the unfor-
tunate Speed was already beginning to suffer from the
indigestion which followed. We almost feared he
would die; and after his recovery he actually seemed
to connect his sufferings with his transgression, and
never again was known to steal food. One day, while
chained, a pet rabbit which belonged to the children
escaped from its hutch and ventured within Speed's
reach, and he seized the poor little thing in his paws,
and killed it in a moment. Speed, apparently some-
what penitent, was found looking quietly at his dead
victim and slowly wagging his tail.












HOMER.


ACCORDING to tradition, Homer was not the origi-
nal name of the poet, but he received that name,
meaning a blind person, after losing his sight while
making a voyage when quite young. He afterwards
was very poor and in a starving condition, having had
his verses stolen from him, and otherwise suffering from
the unkindness of man. At Chios he opened a school
for music and poetry, and was successful at last and
married. There he composed his two greatest works,
- the Iliad and Odyssey. He then made a voyage
to Greece, but died on the way at the island of los.
He was buried near the seashore; and though he had
lived in poverty, after his death seven cities contended
for the honour of being his birthplace. The Iliad and
Odyssey are the only undoubted epic poems of Homer
that are extant.












A LARGE AVIARY.


N the great bird-house at the Zoological Gardens we
find a large and happy family.
One of the birds, a quiet-looking individual, seated
on the roof of his house, is the Laughing Jackass, an
Australian bird, whose strange name has been given to
him because his voice is so harsh and unmusical that it
sounds exactly like the bray of a donkey.
Quite near him may be seen storks, found in many
European countries, and easily tamed. They have no
voice, though they sometimes make a clattering noise
with their mandibles, as though they wished to speak
to each other. Then on the ground we see several
strange-looking birds with very long legs. These birds
all live upon fish, and in their wild state they find their
food by wading in the rivers.
We see other birds of the duck tribe quite contented
and happy.




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