<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Letter of transmittal
 Table of Contents
 Abstract
 Main
 References
 Appendix
 Back Cover


FGS FEOL



Florida petroleum production and exploration
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PDF VIEWER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00082065/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida petroleum production and exploration
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Lloyd, Jacqueline M.
Publisher: Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Fla.
Publication Date: 1997
 Notes
General Note: Florida Geological Survey circular number 111
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
System ID: UF00082065:00004

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

PDF ( 1 MBs ) ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Letter of transmittal
        Page iii
    Table of Contents
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Abstract
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    References
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    Appendix
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Back Cover
        Page 63
        Page 64
Full Text



STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Virginia B. Wetherell, Secretary



DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL SERVICES
Nevin Smith, Director



FLO.RIDA EOLOGI LSU VE
Walter S chmrd, .tate.Geoog/st dv/ ef
,. -- / .,



INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO, 111 .


1994 AND 1995 FLORIDA pETRpLEUM! \.O
PRODUCTION AND EXPLORATION ..

-. By
,:.,-Jacqueline' M. Lloyd / 1
'- ; *: } .






Published for the

FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Tallahassee
1997











STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Virginia B. Wetherell, Secretary



DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL SERVICES
Nevin Smith, Director



FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Walter Schmidt, State Geologist and Chief




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 111


1994 AND 1995 FLORIDA PETROLEUM
PRODUCTION AND EXPLORATION

By
Jacqueline M. Lloyd









Published for the

FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Tallahassee
1997



















































Printed for the
Florida Geological Survey

Tallahassee
1997

ISSN 0085-0616






ii










LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


Florida Geological Survey
Tallahassee



Governor Lawton Chiles
Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Tallahassee, Florida 32301

Dear Governor Chiles:

The Florida Geological Survey, Division of Administrative and Technical
Services, Department of Environmental Protection, is publishing "1994 and
1995 Florida Petroleum Production and Exploration" as its Information
Circular 111. This information is useful to the state and to the oil and gas
industry in planning wise development and conservation of Florida's oil and
gas resources.

Respectfully yours,


Walter Schmidt, Ph.D., P.G.
State Geologist and Chief
Florida Geological Survey











TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

Abstract ...................................................................................... vii
Acknowledegments............................................................................. vii
Introd uctio n ....................................................................................... 1
1994 and 1995 Production ................................................................... 1
1994 and 1995 Onshore Drilling Activity............................................... 10
Proposed Everglades Exploration ........................................................... 10
Offshore Drilling Activity...................................................................... 1 2
Exploratory Drilling in State W aters.............................................. 12
Exploratory Drilling in Federal W aters, Offshore Florida................... 16
1994 and 1995 Geophysical Exploration Activity.................................... 17
Florida Oil Field Descriptions................................................................. 17
North Florida Oil Field Summaries ................................................ 20
Introduction ..................................................................... 20
Bluff Springs Field............................................................. 20
McDavid Field .................................................................. 22
Jay Field .......................................................................... 26
Coldwater Creek Field ....................................................... 26
Blackjack Creek Field......................................................... 28
Mt. Carmel Field ............................................................... 30
McLellan Field .................................................................. 30
Sweetwater Creek Field..................................................... 33
South Florida Oil Field Summaries ................................................ 35
Introduction ..................................................................... 35
Lehigh Park Field............................................................... 35
Townsend Canal Field ....................................................... 37
West Felda Field ............................................................... 37
Mid-Felda Field ................................................................. 39
Sunoco Felda Field ............................................................ 39
Corkscrew Field ................................................................ 40
Lake Trafford Field ............................................................ 40
Sunniland Field ................................................................. 43
Seminole Field .................................................................. 45
Bear Island Field ............................................................... 45
Pepper Hammock Field ...................................................... 47
Baxter Island Field............................................................. 47
Raccoon Point Field........................................................... 47
Forty Mile Bend Field......................................................... 47
References ...................................................................................... 50










ILLUSTRATIONS

1. South Florida oil field location m ap................................................. 2
2. Stratigraphic nomenclature, Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous,
south Florida ............................................................................... 3
3. Northwest Florida oil field location map .......................................... 4
4. Stratigraphic nomenclature, Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous,
north est Florida ......................................................................... 5
5. Oil and gas production, 1943 through 1995.................................... 6
6. Jay field and statewide oil production comparison, 1970 through
19 9 5 ........................................ ....... ........ .. ......... ....... ... .......... 8
7. 1993, 1994, and 1995 oil production comparison for active Florida oil
fields, excluding Jay field.............................................................. 9
8. Updated map of 1992 and 1993 exploration wells........................... 11
9. Exploration wells, Florida state waters, including Coastal Petroleum's
proposed exploratory well locations................................................ 13
10. 1994 and 1995 geophysical exploration activity.............................. 14
11. Mesozoic structural features in Florida and offshore ......................... 1 5
12. Exploration wells and historic leases, federal waters, offshore Florida... 18
13. Bluff Springs and McDavid fields structure map, top of Smackover
Form ation ........................................... .................................... .... 2 1
14. Geophysical log correlation, Bluff Springs and McDavid fields............ 23
15. M cDavid field production curve...................................................... 25
16. Jay field structure map, top of Smackover Formation ....................... 27
17. Blackjack Creek field structure map, top of Smackover Formation ...... 29
18. Mt. Carmel field structure map, top of Norphlet Sandstone ............... 31
19. McLellan and Sweetwater Creek fields well location map.................. 32
20. Geophysical log correlation, McLellan field ...................................... 34
21. Lehigh Park field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation.............. 36
22. Sunoco Felda, West Felda, and Mid-Felda fields structure map, top of
Sunniland Form ation..................................................................... 38
23. Corkscrew field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation............... 41
24. Lake Trafford field structure map, top of rubble zone, Sunniland
Form ation ................................................................................... 4 2
25. Sunniland field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation ................ 44
26. Bear Island field structure map, base of anhydrite in Upper Sunniland
Form ation ................................................... ................................ 4 6
27. Raccoon Point field structure map, top of Sunniland porosity ............ 48











APPENDICES

1. Florida oil field discovery well data................................................. 55
2. 1994, 1995 and cumulative production data................................... 56
3. 1994 and 1995 field well statistics.................................................. 57
4. 1994 and 1995 field wells drilled .................................................. 58
5. Exploratory well drilled in 1993; completion report received in 1994.... 58
6. Oil exploration wells drilled in Florida state waters ........................... 59
7. 1994 and 1995 geophysical exploration activity.............................. 61
8. Florida oil and gas reserve estimates .............................................. 62










ABSTRACT


Florida oil production began to decline in 1979 and generally has
continued to do so; however, production increased by eight percent from 1993
to 1994. Production then declined by six percent during 1995. Two of the
south Florida oil fields (Sunoco Felda and Sunniland) are nearing the end of
their production history. The last reported production from Sunniland field was
in 1991 and the last reported production from Sunoco Felda field was in 1992.
Exploration activity during 1994 and 1995 was very limited. There were
no exploratory wells drilled, however, one well which was completed in 1993
is included in this report because the completion report was received in 1994.
This Santa Rosa County well was plugged and abandoned as a dry hole.
Geophysical exploration during 1994 and 1995 covered only 22.5 miles
of seismic lines in the Florida panhandle, 20.3 miles of seismic lines in south
Florida, and 102 miles of gravity survey in south Florida. In addition to this
completed geophysical exploration, a permit application was pending for an
extensive offshore seismic, gravity, and magnetic survey. A similar area was
covered by an approved permit during 1992/93 but the permit expired with
only minimal magnetic exploration having been conducted. This exploration
would potentially explore a dense grid off Florida's Gulf coast extending from
offshore of Apalachicola, Franklin County to offshore of Naples, Collier County.
One exploratory well was being drilled in federal waters off Florida at
the close of 1995. This well .will be the fourth drilled in the Destin Dome area
by Chevron. Two of the previously drilled wells were classified by the federal
government as producible Norphlet gas discoveries.
A summary of offshore exploratory drilling is included in this report, as
well as descriptions of each of Florida's 22 oil fields. The descriptions include
discovery data, geologic information, and production totals.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Several Florida Geological Survey staff members contributed to this
report. Special recognition goes to Jim LeBar, Petroleum Engineer with the FGS
Oil and Gas Section, for his significant contributions. Jim updated several field
structure maps, compiled production statistics, and provided historical and
current information on field development, production and exploration. Don
Hargrove and Ed Garrett assisted in using and interpreting well and geophysical
permit files. Ed Garrett, Jim LeBar, Tom Scott, Walt Schmidt, Deborah Mekeel
and Ed Lane reviewed the manuscript and suggested improvements. Jim Jones
and Ted Kiper provided base maps, reviewed and suggested improvements to
the graphics, and drafted some of the original figures which were updated
from earlier petroleum reports. Kim Staubinger (Accounting Systems Analyst,
Florida Department of Revenue) provided oil and gas severance tax data.









Information Circular 111


1994 AND 1995 FLORIDA PETROLEUM
PRODUCTION AND EXPLORATION
By
Jacqueline M. Lloyd, P.G. #74


INTRODUCTION

There are two major oil
producing areas in Florida. One is the
Sunniland trend in south Florida and
the other is the Jay trend in the
western panhandle area. The Sunniland
trend includes 14 oil fields; the western
panhandle includes eight. Appendix 1
lists the discovery well data for these
fields.
South Florida production began
with Florida's first oil discovery at
Sunniland field in September, 1943. Of
the 14 south Florida oil fields, seven
are active, three are temporarily shut-
in, and four are plugged and
abandoned. These fields are oriented
along a northwest-southeast trend
through Lee, Hendry, Collier, and Dade
Counties (Figure 1). This trend has
become known as the Sunniland trend.
Production is principally from rudistid
reefs found in the upper one hundred
feet of the Lower Cretaceous
Sunniland Formation (Figure 2). Depth
to Sunniland production averages about
11,500 feet.
Production in the western
panhandle began with the discovery of
Jay field in June, 1970. The eight
panhandle oil fields are located in
Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties,
Florida (Figure 3). Five fields are active
and three are plugged and abandoned.
Production is from Upper Jurassic


Smackover Formation carbonates and
Norphlet Sandstone sands (Figure 4).
Depth to Jurassic production averages
approximately 15,000 feet.

1994 AND 1995 PRODUCTION

Appendix 2 lists 1994, 1995,
and cumulative production statistics for
each of Florida's oil fields including oil,
gas, and water production data.
Appendix 3 lists 1994 and 1995 field
well statistics including the number of
production, injection, shut-in, and
temporarily abandoned wells for each
field.
Florida oil production peaked at
47.5 million barrels in 1978.
Production began to decline in 1979
and generally has continued to do so
since then (Figure 5). Total oil
production for 1994, however, was
6,073,038 barrels, up eight percent
from 1993. Oil production then
decreased by six percent during 1995
for a 1995 total of 5,681,618 barrels.
Total gas production increased five
percent in 1994 and decreased 15
percent in 1995. Gas production totals
were 8,446,904 thousand cubic feet
(MCF) in 1994 and 7,171,557 MCF in
1995.


The
production
increase
northwest


short term increase in
in 1994 was due to an
in production in both
Florida and south Florida.













Florida Geological Survey


EXPLANATION

ACTIVE OIL FIELD
INACTIVE OIL FIELD


LOCATION


0 10 20 MILES
0 10 20 30 KILOMETERS


Figure 1. South Florida oil field location map










Information Circular 111


STAGE


' 4 l ','','
,1.1vvvv vvv.Vlv


0
<>L



- 108 -






















- 115
- 125 -
-130
-135
- 140


GROUPS AND FORMATIONS I LITHOLOGY


RATTLESNAKE HAMMOCK
FORMATION


zo LAKE TRAFFORD
FORMATION /
0
SUNNILAND FORMATION I' I

PUNTA GORDA ANHYDRITE

ABLE MEMBER
0
C Z I I I'
W TWELVE MILE I I
MEMBER I
S^_____ IIIIIII I
-J
WEST FELDA SHALE


PUMPKIN BAY FORMATION vyvvvv.vvvyvvv
I Ivv vv vv v
__) __ J '! L


BONE ISLAND FORMATION


I vy


WOOD RIVER FORMATION


---I -J __________________________________________________


APTIAN












BARREMIAN
HAUTERIVIAN
VALANGINIAN
BERRIASIAN


I LIMESTONE


U


P DOLOMITE


U


CLASTICS


17771
''''V


SHALE


ANHYDRITE


Figure 2. Stratigraphic nomenclature, Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous, south
Florida.


BROWN
DOLOMITE
ZONE


















BASAL
CLASTICS


FGS060491


,VVVVVVVVVVVVVVV
v-.--,.-.;-v.
I I I I I I
'1 1 1 1 II I I I I I
-7-- ---7-----
/////


TITHONIAN














Florida Geological Survey


R33W1 R32W4 R31W/


SCALE


10 20

10 0 30I
10 20 30


MILES


R30W R29W R28W R27V R26W
Sqk MT. CARMEL FIELD I
4 McLELLAN
4 FIELD z

F FIELD\


BLACKJACK
I 9 CREEK FIELD -

SANTA
ROSA
COUNTY S IZ





MILTOIN










PENSACOLA ~1
GS 0491




FGS010491


Figure 3. Northwest Florida oil field location map.


EXPLANATION


O ACTIVE OIL FIELD

0 INACTIVE OIL FIELD













Information Circular 111


SYSTEM



LOWER
CRETACEOUS


140 1


145 -


UPPER
JURASSIC


- 155 -







- 160 ----..---
MIDDLE
JURASSIC


STAGE GRO




BERRIASIAN I


TITHONIAN




UPPER
KIMMERIDGIAN






LOWER
KIMMERIDGIAN


UPS AND FORMATIONS






COTTON VALLEY GROUP
UNDIFFERENTIATED





HAYNESVILLE
FORMATION


BUCKNER
MEMBER

(LOWER
HAYNESVILLE
FORMATION)


SMACKOVER
FORMATION


OXFORDIAN I

NORPHLET SANDSTONE


CALLOVIAN LOUANN SALT


LITHOLOGY













---- -- -









"' I. r. '. ...
. .. /. ..





^rT 7 .."
r^/ ../ .. '..'.:
".' "' .. ~ / / '.


SILTSTONE





DOLOMITE





ANHYDRITE


I CONGLOMERATE





SSALT
LI]J


FGS070491


Figure 4. Stratigraphic nomenclature, Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous,

northwest Florida.


SANDSTONE


LIMESTONE





CLASTICS











Florida Geological Survey


YEAR


-U- Oil -+- Gas


FGS020197


Figure 5. Oil and gas production, 1943 through 1995.









Information Circular 111


The increase in south Florida oil
production was most likely due to field
or well-specific management (Ed
Garrett, Professional Geologist, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1996). The general
trend, however, will probably continue
to be a declining trend, with two of the
south Florida oil fields recently at or
near the end of their production
history. The last reported production
from Sunniland field was in 1991,
while the last reported production from
Sunoco Felda field was in 1992. All
producing wells at Sunoco Felda have
been plugged and abandoned. In
addition, the single producing well at
Lake Trafford field has been
periodically shut-in due to mechanical
problems and has been producing only
sporadically since March 1988. Finally,
the operator of Pepper Hammock field
has proposed that the field's single
well be plugged and abandoned
because it is non-commercial (Jim
LeBar, Petroleum Engineer, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1996).
The Jay field was discovered in
1970 and reached peak production in
1978. It accounts for about 68 percent
of the 1994 oil production total, about
67 percent of the 1995 total, and
about 70 percent of the cumulative
total. Figure 6 graphically compares
statewide annual oil production with
Jay field annual oil production for 1970
through 1995, clearly showing Jay
field's dominance in Florida oil
production trends. The Jay field
production curve is typical of oil fields


produced with tertiary recovery
methods (David Curry, Oil and Gas
Section Administrator, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1992). Production has
generally leveled off since 1987 (Figure
6). This agrees with the projections
made by Christian et al. (1981) in their
discussion of tertiary recovery
estimates for Jay field. They estimated
that tertiary recovery would be
terminated in 1996, followed by rapid
decline to depletion in about 2004.
However, this type of level production
is difficult to project because it
depends, not only on enhanced
recovery methods, but also on the
price per barrel of oil. Current
projections by Jim LeBar (Petroleum
Engineer, Florida Geological Survey,
personal communication, 1 996) predict
production through 2010.
Figure 7 is a histogram
comparing 1993, 1994, and 1995 oil
production for all Florida oil fields
except the Jay field. Jay field data
would obscure the information for all
other fields since its production for
1993 was more than six times greater
than that of Raccoon Point field, the
next most productive field in Florida
during 1993. Northwest Florida
production increased by five percent
from 1993 to 1994 and decreased by
ten percent from 1994 to 1995. South
Florida production increased by 22
percent from 1993 to 1994 and by
four percent from 1994 to 1995. Oil
and gas severance taxes collected for
1994 and 1995 totaled 7.3 million
dollars and 7.7 million dollars,









Information Circular 111


^9 1993
1994
1995


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1(
ACTIVE FLORIDA OIL FIELDS EXCLUDING JAY


FGS020397


Figure 7. 1993, 1994, and 1995 oil production comparison for active Florida oil
fields, excluding Jay field.










Florida Geological Survey


1- 30

25

' 20


70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94
YEAR


-*- Statewide -I- Jay Field


FGS020297


Figure 6. Jay field and statewide oil production comparison, 1970 through 1995.











Florida Geological Survey


respectively (Kim Straubinger,
Accounting Systems Analyst, Florida
Department of Revenue, written
communication, 1996). Florida
currently ranks nineteenth in crude oil
production for the nation (World Oil,
1996).

1994 AND 1995 ONSHORE
DRILLING ACTIVITY

There were no new development
wells completed during 1994; only one
development well and its sidetrack
were completed and abandoned in
1995 (Appendix 4). The original well
was drilled in Mt. Carmel field in Santa
Rosa County to a total depth of
15,077 feet below MSL and
encountered the Smackover Formation
at 14,871 feet below MSL and the
Norphlet Sandstone at 15,125 feet
below MSL. The well had an oil show,
however, it was directionally drilled
beyond the limits of the permitted
irregular drilling unit, and thus had to
be sidetracked to a permitted bottom
hole location (Jim LeBar, Petroleum
Engineer, Florida Geological Survey,
personal communication, 1996). The
sidetrack well reached a total depth of
1 5,169 feet below MSL and drilled into
the Smackover at '14,822 feet below
MSL and the Norphlet at 15,076 feet
below MSL. The well is in the process
of being plugged and abandoned as a
dry hole.
There were no exploratory wells
drilled during 1994 and 1995,
however, a well drilled in 1993 is
included in this report because it was


not reported on until 1994 and was
excluded from the previous biennial
report on petroleum activities (Lloyd,
1994). This well was drilled in Santa
Rosa County, about four miles south of
Blackjack Creek field (Appendix 5,
Figure 8). The well was drilled to a
total depth of 16,414 feet below MSL
and encountered the Smackover
Formation at about 15,959 feet below
MSL and the Norphlet Sandstone at
about 16,314 feet below MSL. There
were no oil or gas shows in either the
Smackover or the Norphlet and the
well was plugged and abandoned as a
dry hole.

PROPOSED EVERGLADES
EXPLORATION

As discussed in the 1992/93
report (Lloyd, 1994) on petroleum
activity in Florida, Shell Western had
proposed drilling a wildcat well on the
Miccosukee Indian Reservation located
within the Everglades in south Florida.
At the end of 1993, the Bureau of
Land Management was in the process
of finalizing the Environmental Impact
Statement (EIS) for the proposed
exploration and an announcement of
the federal "record of decision" was
expected in summer 1994. On August
1, 1994 Shell Western officially
withdrew its application to drill this
exploratory well. Following the
withdrawal, the Miccosukee Tribe
announced that it intends to make an
effort to find others interested in
pursuing exploration of the
Reservation's mineral potential.












Information Circular 111


2.5 TIMES ENLARGEMENT


LEGEND
APPROXIMATE WELL LOCATION
P-280 FLORIDA PERMIT NUMBER


A WELL COMPLETED IN 1993, ', 9-
NOT REPORTED UNTIL 1994 p-1275- -
-vD


SCALE

0 50 100 150 MILES
I I I
0 80 160 240 KILOMETERS ,


FcGS0204q'






Figure 8. Updated map of 1992 and 1993 exploration wells. There were no new
exploration wells drilled during 1994 or 1995.











Florida Geological Survey


The drill site would have been on
Indian land north of Interstate 75 and
just west of the L-28 canal in Broward
County. The well was to be
directionally drilled with the bottom of
the hole located beneath one of south
Florida's protected water conservation
areas. The proposed location was
about 12 miles northeast of Raccoon
Point oil field which produces from the
Cretaceous Sunniland Formation
(Figure 2) at about 11,375 feet below
mean sea level (MSL). Raccoon Point
field is currently the southeastern-most
producing field in the Sunniland trend
(Figure 1).

OFFSHORE DRILLING ACTIVITY

State ownership of the
continental shelf off Florida extends
three miles into the Atlantic Ocean and
about 10.4 miles (three marine
leagues) into the Gulf of Mexico. The
federal government controls resources
beyond these state boundaries out to
200 miles. The Outer Continental Shelf
(OCS) is a jurisdictional term that
describes the offshore area which is
under control of the federal
government. "Federal waters," in this
context, does not refer to ownership,
but rather to responsibility (Johnson
and Tucker, 1987).

Exploratory Drilling in State Waters

A total of 19 wells were drilled
in Florida state waters between 1947
and 1983 (Appendix 6 and Figure 9).
Effective July 1992, all drilling activity


was prohibited in Florida state waters
(Lloyd and Ragland, 1991), except for
within pre-existing lease areas. Only
one company, Coastal Petroleum, has
pre-existing mineral-rights leases in
Florida state waters. Coastal has held
leases since 1947 for an area
extending from Apalachicola Bay to
Naples. The leases originally included
all acreage within state waters
extending out to 10.4 miles offshore.
The leases were renegotiated in 1975,
leaving Coastal with full lease rights
from 7.4 to 10.4 miles and partial
lease rights within the remaining
portion of the original lease area. The
outer lease area is shown as the
offshore shaded area on Figure 10 (this
coincides with the company's proposed
geophysical exploration area).
The information obtained from
the 19 wells that were drilled in state
waters prior to the ban may be useful
in future decisions concerning offshore
exploration and development in federal
waters. The 19 offshore wells tested
three different potential oil horizons.
Ten of the wells were within the south
Florida Basin (off Charlotte and Lee
Counties and off the Florida Keys,
Monroe County, Figures 9 and 11) and
targeted the Lower Cretaceous. The six
wells drilled off the Florida panhandle
sought to extend the onshore (and
offshore Alabama) Jurassic production
(Figures 3 and 9). The remaining three
wells drilled off the northern portion of
the Gulf coast (Permits 304, 382 and
383) were Cretaceous or possibly
Paleozoic tests (Applegate and Lloyd,
1985).













Information Circular 111


P-251 17qa *
7.479 1983
1956



P-
7,(
19











LEGEND

APPROXIMATE

P-280 FLORIDA PERM

TOTAL DEPTH
FEET BELOW I

1959 WELL COMPLEX

A COASTAL PETF
EXPLORATORY



SCALE

0 50 100

0 80 160


1968


WELL LOCATION

IT NUMBER

OF WELL,
MSL

TION DATE

?OLEUM'S PROPOSED
WELL LOCATIONS


150 MILES

240 KILOMETERS
240 KILOMETERS


Figure 9. Exploration wells, Florida state waters, including Coastal Petroleum's
proposed exploratory well locations.


P-375--
12,910
1967 P-297
12.560
1961


15,432
1947


FGS021697













Florida Geological Survey


LEGEND

PERMITTED AND SURVEYED

PERMITTED; SURVEY IN PROGRESS

APPLICATION PENDING



SCALE

0 50 100 150 MILES

0 80 160 240 KILOMETERS


FGS020697


Figure 10. 1994 and 1995 geophysical exploration activity.


b












Information Circular 111


0 50 100 150
0 80 160 240


FGS120692


Figure 11. Mesozoic structural features in Florida and offshore (after Applegate,
1987).











Florida Geological Survey


As shown in Appendix 6, only
one of the wells drilled in state waters
had a significant oil show. A drill stem
test of the Gulf Oil-Florida State Lease
826-Y (Permit 275), located near the
Marquesas Keys off Monroe County,
recovered 15 barrels of 22 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 14.1 barrels of saltwater
from the Lake Trafford (?) Formation.
Another well, which was drilled in
federal waters near the Marquesas,
tested black saltwater in the Lake
Trafford and Sunniland Formations and
in the Brown Dolomite Zone of the
Lehigh Acres Formation (Applegate and
Lloyd, 1985).

Exploratory Drilling in
Federal Waters, Offshore Florida

The first federal oil and gas lease
sale off Florida was conducted in May,
1959 off the Florida Keys in what is
now the Straits of Florida Planning
Area. Ten additional OCS lease sales
have occurred since then; seven in the
Eastern Gulf of Mexico Planning Area
and three in the South Atlantic
Planning Area. There have been no
sales in the Straits of Florida Planning
Area off Florida since the 1959 sale.
The last lease sale in the South Atlantic
Planning Area off Florida was Sale 78
in July, 1983. Leases in the Eastern
Planning Area are shown on Figure 12.
The two most recent lease sales
off Florida were in the Eastern Planning
Area. They were Sales 79 and 94, held
in January, 1984 and January, 1985,
respectively. Lease sales 79 and 94 are
discussed in Applegate and Lloyd


(1985) and Lloyd and Applegate
(1987).
The State of Florida has
responded to the public's
environmental concerns by objecting to
future lease sales and exploration in
federal waters off the Florida coast. In
response to these concerns, the federal
government excluded all areas
originally proposed off the Florida coast
in Eastern Planning Area Sale 116, held
in November 1988. The federal
government also agreed to pay nine oil
companies a total of $200 million for
73 leases off the Florida coast south of
260north latitude (Pulley Ridge and
Howell Hook areas, Figure 12). This
settlement permanently excludes the
southwest Florida area from petroleum
exploration, but does not affect. the
area off Florida's panhandle. Florida's
Governor Lawton Chiles has said that
he will continue to fight for protection
of the remainder of the Florida Gulf
coastline and is pressing for a
permanent 100-mile wide buffer zone
around the entire Florida coastline. The
100-mile buffer will be excluded from
the next Minerals Management Service
five-year (1997-2002) lease plan.
At the close of 1995, Chevron
was in the process of drilling an
exploratory well in the Destin Dome
area, 26 miles south of Pensacola,
Florida (Block 57, Figure 12, map
location code 40). Chevron has
successfully drilled two producible
Norphlet wells in this area (Block 56,
Figure 12, map location code 32)
(Lloyd, 1992). In addition to the two
Chevron wells, the Amoco-8338 well,









Information Circular 111


which was completed in Destin Dome
block 111 in 1987, was also a
Norphlet discovery described by Gould
(1989) as a producible field (Figure 12,
map location code 31). This was the
first commercial discovery in the
Eastern Gulf of Mexico Planning Area
(Gould, 1989). These discoveries
extend the offshore Norphlet gas trend
(which is highly productive off Mobile
Bay, Alabama) seaward and eastward
from the Mobile map area of the
Central Gulf of Mexico Planning Area,
offshore Alabama, into the Florida
offshore.
In addition to these Norphlet gas
discoveries, another Amoco well drilled
in DeSoto Canyon, Block 133 (Figure
12, map location code 38) was
apparently judged to be producible
from a Miocene fan deposit (depth to
producing horizon is not known). The
location is approximately 100 miles
south of the Florida-Alabama border; it
is not known whether this will spur
further interest in federal waters off
Florida in this area.

1994 AND 1995 GEOPHYSICAL
EXPLORATION ACTIVITY

Geophysical exploration during
1994 and 1995 included 102 miles of
gravity survey and 42.8 miles of
seismic survey. Appendix 7
summarizes the data for the three
permits covering these areas. The
gravity survey was completed in
Highlands County (Figure 10) in an
area northeast of the Sunniland
producing trend. Of the 42.8 miles of


seismic survey, 22.5 miles were
located in Santa Rosa County
southeast of the known Smackover
production. The remaining 20.3 miles
were located in south Florida in Lee,
Hendry and Collier Counties within the
Sunniland producing area.
An additional permit application
was pending at the end of 1995 which
included an extensive offshore area.
This application includes seismic,
gravity, and magnetic surveys of a
dense grid off of Florida's Gulf coast
extending from offshore of
Apalachicola, Franklin County to
offshore of Naples, Collier County
(Figure 10). The permit application is
incomplete at this time and does not
provide seismic mileage or
gravity/magnetic survey details. The
same area was permitted for
exploration in July 1992, however, the
permit expired in July 1993 with
minimal activity (magnetometer survey
off Franklin and Gulf Counties) reported
to the Department of Environmental
Protection.

FLORIDA OIL FIELD DESCRIPTIONS

Applegate and Lloyd (1985) and
Lloyd (1991) provide a brief history of
each of Florida's oil fields including
discovery data, geologic information,
and production totals. Structure maps
were presented whenever possible.
These publications are now out-of-
print; therefore, this information is
summarized again and presented in this
report. Fields are discussed in
approximate geographic order from













Florida Geological Survey


SCALE


Figure 12. Exploration wells and historic leases, federal waters, offshore Florida
(Gould, 1989).
















Information Circular 111


MAP LOCATION CODES AND WELL DATA FOR FIGURE 12



LEASE NO.
MAP OR FLORIDA PLUGGED& TOTAL
PLANNING LOCATION MAP BLOCK PERMIT WELL ABANDONED DEPTH
AREA CODE AREA NUMBER NO. (P-) OPERATOR NO. (1) DATE (FT.)

EASTERN 1 Destin Dome 162 2486 Exxon 1 1974 10,930
GULF OF 2 Destin Dome 118 2492 Exxon 1 1974 7,075
MEXICO 3 Florida Middle Ground 252 2516 Texaco 1 1975 15,663
PLANNING 4 Destin Dome 166 2490 Fina 1 1975 17,608
AREA (21 5 St. Petersburg 7 2527 Shell 1 1975 18,443
1 Destin Dome 162 2486 Exxon 2 1975 10,418
2 Destin Dome 118 2*492 Exxon 2 1975 7,507
6 St. Petersburg 100 2523 Texaco 1 1975 17,388
7 Destin Dome 250 2472 Exxon 1 1975 6,634
8 Destin Dome 207 2480 Exxon 1 1975 4,800
1 Destin Dome 162 2486 Exxon 3 1975 17,938
9 Destin Dome 360 2468 Gulf 1 1975 20,988
10 The Elbow 566 3344 Mobil 1 1977 15,865
11 Destin Dome 617 2463 Chevron 1 1977 10,513
12 Destin Dome 31 2502 Amoco 1 1977 18,338
13 Destin Dome 529 3888 Shell 1 1980 20,450
14 Charlotte Harbor 144 3906 Gulf 1 1981 11,362
15 Charlotte Harbor 672 3917 Tenneco 1 1981 11,302
16 Charlotte Harbor 265 3912 Shell 1 1981 12,362
17 The Elbow 915 3341 Mobil 1 1981 18,128
18 Vernon Basin 654 3903 Mobil 1 1981 10,768
19 Charlotte Harbor 628 3915 Mobil 1 1981 1,270
20 Pensacola 973 3886 Mobil 1 1981 23,264
21 Charlotte Harbor 188 3909 Odeco 1 1981 11,360
22 Destin Dome 563 3890 Sohio 1 1982 21,068
23 Destin Dome 160 6417 Shell I TA 1985 7,764
24 Pensacola 948 6391 Sohio 1 1985 18,958
23 Destin Dome 160 6417 Shell 2 1985 16,953
25 Gainesville 707 6456 Sohio 1 1985 15,941
26 Destin Dome 284 6428 Exxon 1 1985 17,500
27 Destin Dome 422 6438 Chevron 1 1985 22,222
28 DeSoto Canyon 512 6472 Shell 1 1986 12,300
29 Charlotte Harbor 622 4950 Shell 1 1986 10,550
30 Florida Middle Ground 455 8363 Tenneco 1 1986 12,401
24 Pensacola 948 6391 Tenneco 2 ST 1987 19,200
31 Destin Dome 111 8338 Amoco 1 1987 19,240
32 Destin Dome 56 6406 Chevron I TA 1988 22,572
24 Pensacola 948 6391 Tenneco 2 TA 1988 19,200
33 Pensacola 996 6396 Texaco 1 1988 17,910
34 Destin Dome 1 6397 Gulfstar 1 TA 1989 2,000
35 Destin Dome 2 6398 Gulfstar 2 TA 1989 1,800
36 Pensacola 881 6390 Gulfstar 1 TA 1989 2,700
37 Destin Dome 167 6420 Chevron 1 1989 17,128
32 Destin Dome 56 6406 Chevron 2 1990 22,840
38 DeSoto Canyon 133 10444 Amoco 1 1993 12,564
39 Destin Dome 97 8336 Chevron 1 1994 24,084
40 Destin Dome 57 6407 Chevron 1 TA 1996 22,811

SOUTH 1 NH 17-5 208 3686 Tenneco 1 1979 7,754
ATLANTIC 2 NH 17-5 427 3695 Tenneco 1 1979 7,472
PLANNING 3 NH 17-2 913 3664 Getty 1 1979 7,000
AREA (3) 4 NH 17-2 1005 3671 Transco 1 1979 11,635
5 NH 17-5 472 3699 Exxon 1 1979 7,578
6 NH 17-5 564 3705 Exxon 1 1980 12,863
7 NH 17-5 387 N.A. Ocean Prod. GE-1 1977 13,254

STRAITS OF 1 NG 17-10 44 P-296 Gulf 1 1961 4,686
FLORIDA 2 NG 17-10 46 P-290 Gulf 1 1961 7,871
PLANNING 3 NG 17-10 28 P-284 Gulf 1 1960 15,294
AREA (3)

1. TA Temporarily Abandoned; ST = Sidetrack Well.
2. Data from Gould, 1989; Andy Petty, MMS, personal communication, 1992 and 1996; S. M. Fury, Chevron, personal communication, 1996.
3. Data from Karpas and Gould, 1990.











Florida Geological Survey


north to south and west to east
(Figures 1 and 3). More detailed
information is presented for the five oil
fields discovered since 1985. These
are Bluff Springs, McDavid, Coldwater
Creek, and McLellan fields in north
Florida and Corkscrew field in south
Florida.

North Florida Oil Field Summaries

INTRODUCTION

Production in north Florida began
with the discovery of Jay field in June,
1970. There are now eight panhandle
oil fields located in Escambia and Santa
Rosa Counties, Florida (Figure 3). Five
fields are active and three are plugged
and abandoned. Production is from
Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation
carbonates and Norphlet Sandstone
sands (Figure 4).
Jay field is located within a
trend which extends through Escambia
and Santa Rosa Counties in Florida,
and Escambia County, Alabama. Other
fields within the trend include Mt.
Carmel, Coldwater Creek, and
Blackjack Creek fields in Florida and
Fanny Church, Flomaton, and Big
Escambia Creek fields in Alabama. The
fields are located along a normal fault
complex which rims the Gulf Coast
through Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas
(Moore, 1984).
Bluff Springs and McDavid fields
are located west and southwest of the
Jay trend in an area known to be
underlain by Louann Salt, with seismic


studies indicating salt-induced fault
structures in the overlying formations
(Lloyd and Applegate, 1987). The
remaining two north Florida oil fields,
McLellan and Sweetwater Creek, are
located east of the Jay trend, near the
approximate updip limits of the
Smackover Formation (Lloyd, 1989;
Applegate et al., 1978; Ottman et al.,
1973 and 1976) and could be the
result of stratigraphic pinchouts. They
are also located within the area known
to be underlain by the Louann Salt and
may have salt-related trap structures.
Current data does not reveal which
trapping mechanism produced the
Smackover reservoirs for these fields.

BLUFF SPRINGS FIELD

Bluff Springs field was
discovered on March 25, 1984 and
was plugged and abandoned in 1991
after producing a total of 242,000
barrels of oil solely from the discovery
well (Appendices 1 and 2). The
discovery well, the Stone Petroleum
Corp. St. Regis Paper Co. number 29-4
(permit 1125), was a rank wildcat
located in Section 29, Township 5
North, Range 31 West, Escambia
County. It is approximately 10 miles
west-southwest of Jay field and
approximately four miles southeast of
the nearest previously drilled wildcat,
permit 1177 (Figures 3 and 13). This
area, west and southwest of Jay, is
known to be underlain by Louann Salt,
with seismic studies indicating salt-
induced fault structures in the overlying
formations (Lloyd and Applegate,
























































Figure 13. Bluff Springs and McDavid fields structure map, top of Smackover
Formation (after Hughes Eastern Corporation, 1988).


21











Florida Geological Survey


1987). Seismic data has been
interpreted by Hughes Eastern
Corporation (1988) to indicate several
small structures in a northwest-to-
southeast trend in this specific area.
The discovery well produced
477 barrels of oil and 170 barrels of
saltwater per day. Oil gravity was
57.00 A.P.I. Production was from
Jurassic-age Smackover Formation
dolostones from -16,154 to -16,161
feet MSL. These dolostones are dark
brownish-gray to brownish-black, fine
grained, microcrystalline, and show
evidence of recrystallization from
originally oolitic and possibly pelletal
faces (Lloyd, 1986; Lloyd and
Applegate, 1987).
The offset well, permit 1136
(Stone Petroleum Corporation St.
Regis Paper Company number 29-3)
was drilled about one-half mile
northwest of the discovery well (Figure
13). The Smackover Formation was
encountered at -16,171 feet MSL,
structurally 17 feet lower than in the
discovery well (Figure 14). The well
produced only saltwater from two thin
zones (-16,182 to -16,185 feet MSL
and -16,192 to -16,195 feet MSL;
Figure 14) within the upper
Smackover. Core analysis by Location
Sample Service, Inc. (LSS), Jackson,
Mississippi, yielded mean porosity
estimates for these zones of 11.4 and
8.4 percent, respectively. LSS found a
trace of oil in one sample at -16,185
feet MSL. This well may be located too
low on the structure. Alternatively, as
shown on the structure map (Figure
13) drawn by Hughes Eastern


Corporation (1988; based on
geophysical and well data), Hughes
believes there may be a permeability
barrier between the discovery well and
this well.
Ownership of the discovery well
transferred to Hughes Eastern
Corporation in 1985. Permits were
issued to Hughes Eastern to drill two
additional offsets, one east and one
southeast of the discovery well
(permits 1204 and 1205, Figure 13).
Permit 1204'was completed in August
1986. The Smackover was again found
at a structurally lower position (Figure
14), this time 44 feet lower. Two
zones of saltwater production were
also encountered (-16,208 to -16,211
feet MSL and -16,215 to -16,233 feet
MSL; Figure 14). LSS core analysis
yielded mean porosity estimates of
23.9 and 13.6 percent, respectively,
and no indications of oil. As interpreted
by Hughes Eastern Corporation (1988)
(Figure 13), the Smackover in this well
is below the probable oil-water contact.
The third offset, permit 1205, was not
drilled. The location for permit 1205 is
actually closer to McDavid field
(discussed below) and is outside the
potential productive limits drawn by
Hughes Eastern Corporation (1988)
(Figure 13).

McDAVID FIELD

McDavid field was discovered on
June 14, 1988 with the first
production test of the discovery well,
the Hughes Eastern Corp. Walker-Baley
number 34-2 (permit 1230, Appendix











Information Circular 111


Nr
M
C'.


.1

'L[


Figure 14. Geophysical log correlation, Bluff Springs and McDavid fields.











Florida Geological Survey


1). This field was also plugged and
abandoned in 1991 after producing
solely from its discovery well. McDavid
field produced a total of 150,000
barrels of oil (Appendix 2). The
discovery well is located in Section 34,
Township 5 North, Range 31 West,
Escambia County (Appendix 1). It is
about one and one-half miles southeast
of the Bluff Springs discovery well
(Figures 3 and 13). As discussed above
for Bluff Springs field, this area, west
and southwest of Jay, is known to be
underlain by Louann Salt, With seismic
studies indicating salt-induced fault
structures in the overlying formations
(Lloyd and Applegate, 1987). Seismic
data has been interpreted by Hughes
Petroleum Corp. (1988) (Figure 13) to
indicate several small structures in a
northwest to southeast trend in this
specific area.
The discovery well produced
235 barrels of oil per day and no
saltwater. Oil gravity was 53.80 A.P.I.
Production was from Jurassic-age
Smackover Formation dolostones from
-16,075 to -16,089 feet MSL. These
dolostones were described by LSS as
gray to dark gray, sucrosic to granular,
with poor to fair porosity and
permeability. Examination of core chips
with a binocular microscope concurs
with this description. Core analysis by
LSS yielded a mean porosity estimate
of 15.9 percent for this zone.
Geophysical log analyses by Charles
Tootle (Professional Engineer, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1988) yielded a mean
porosity estimate of 12.8 percent, an


original oil in place estimate of
4,987,347 barrels, and a recoverable
oil estimate of 498,736 barrels
(Appendix 8).
The first offset, permit 1234
(Hughes Eastern Corporation Jones
Estate number 34-1) is located about
one-half mile southeast of the
discovery well (Figure 13). The offset
was completed in June 1989. The
Smackover Formation was encountered
at -16,099 feet MSL, structurally 24
feet lower than in the discovery well
(Figure 14). The structure map (Figure
13) was drawn prior to the time this
well was drilled. As shown on the
map, Hughes Eastern Corporation
expected to encounter the Smackover
at about -16,050 feet MSL in this well.
Based on the actual depth (-16,099
feet MSL), the McDavid structure is
probably smaller than that shown. The
productive limit expected by Hughes is
still below this depth (at about -16,200
feet, Figure 13); however, analysis of
geophysical logs from this well indicate
that the oil-water contact may actually
be at about -16,102 feet MSL (Joel
Duncan, professional geologist, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1991). In addition,
production from the discovery well
appears to have peaked around
December 1988 and may have
depleted this small structure enough to
move the potential productive limits
above the level of the Smackover in
the offset (Figure 15) (Joel Duncan,
professional geologist, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1991).









Information Circular 111


MONTH/YEAR


-i- Oil -- Water


FGS160491


Figure 15. McDavid field production curve.











Florida Geological Survey


JAY FIELD

Jay field was discovered in
June, 1970, by the drilling of the
Humble St. Regis number 1 (permit
417) in Section 43, Township 5 North,
Range 29 West, Santa Rosa County
(Figures 3 and 16 and Appendix 1).
The well produced from the Smackover
Formation from -15,264 to -15,318
feet MSL. The initial production test
yielded 1,712 barrels of 50.70 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 23 barrels of saltwater
per day.
Jay field is located within the
"Jay trend" of Escambia and Santa
Rosa Counties, Florida and Escambia
County, Alabama (discussed in north
Florida oil fields introduction above).
The northern extension of Jay, in
Escambia County, Alabama, is the
Little Escambia Creek (LEC) field. Oil
accumulation at Jay is within an
asymmetric anticline with the fault
complex forming the eastern barrier to
oil migration (Figure 16) (Applegate and
Lloyd, 1985).
The northern limit of Jay field is
a porosity barrier in Alabama where the
lithology changes from porous
dolostone to dense, micritic limestone.
The porosity at Jay field is due to
dolomitization of the pelletal
grainstones in the upper, regressive
section of the Smackover Formation.
Dolomitization, fresh water leaching,
and an anhydrite cap rock (Buckner
Member of the Haynesville Formation,
Figure 4) have formed a complex,
extensive reservoir. Numerous analyses
of the Jay area Smackover Formation,


including comparisons with modern
carbonate environments, have been
made in attempts to understand this
complex reservoir (Ottman et al., 1973
and 1976; Sigsby, 1976; Mancini and
Benson, 1980; Lomando et al., 1981;
Vinet, 1984; Moore, 1984; Bradford,
1984; Lloyd et al., 1986).
Despite the complexity of the
Jay field Smackover Formation
reservoir, exploration and development
of the field have been extremely
successful. Core analyses were
combined with bottom hole pressure
data, porosity log information, and
other geologic data to arrive at a highly
successful reservoir management
program (Shirer et al., 1978; Langston
et al., 1981; Langston and Shirer,
1985).
As of December 1995, Jay field
was producing from a total of 51
wells, 32 wells were temporarily shut-
in, and there were 28 injection wells
(Appendix 3). Cumulative production
for Jay field, as of the end of 1995,
was 387,815,585 barrels of oil
(Appendix 2).

COLDWATER CREEK FIELD

Coldwater Creek field was
discovered on June 4,. 1988. The
discovery well was a reentry of a
Smackover wildcat. The original permit
was issued to Inexco Oil Company
(permit 1173). The location is about
two miles east of the southern portion
of Jay field in Section 26, Township 5
North, Range 29 West, Santa Rosa
County (Figure 3). Inexco began drilling










Information Circular 111


JAY FIELD

ESCAMBIA AND SANTA ROSA
COUNTIES, FLORIDA
STRUCTURE MAP
TOP OF SMACKOVER-
NORPHLET OIL POOL


R 30W O4 R 29W 911 ALABAMA
4- s 30 2 F L 0 R D A
,&,',* ,9 ,





S15 977r I 3 0 -150 3 D sa



061N25 14 95 40 U- 4 -l42
149.53 4 9o
I s -1 4 8 4l-s75/ 411 \0
4 52 Ia 20 4 o \\







52s PERMIT NUMBER s +5, 2o
22 DEPTH BELOW MSLOj
.....1, 470







PRODUCER 2\ 2r 23 D
DRY HOLE 24
N\ ABANDONED PRODUCER \ \ 1 1 25 -152 5 2




00 WATER INJECTION WELL
OIL/WATER CONTACT. 1974 ooa a
25 1 $i


R 30 W R 29 W ;


SCALE
0 0.5 1 2 MILES
1 1 2 KILOMETERS D\ *




Figure 16. Jay field structure map, top of Smackover Formation (after Jay-LEC
Fields Unit Geological Committee, 1974).
S^ ^ ^ ^ ^ KLO E ER ________________^_______0__73^ '

Figure~ ~~~~~~~~6 116. 0a"il tutr atpo makvrFrain(fe a-










Florida Geological Survey


in November, 1985. They drilled the
well to a total depth of -15,407 feet
MSL, logged the well, and
recommended plugging and
abandonment.
The top of the Smackover
Formation had been encountered at
-14,969 feet MSL; the Norphlet
Sandstone at -15,331 feet MSL. Side
wall core analyses by Location Sample
Service, Inc. (Jackson, Mississippi)
indicated a potential oil productive zone
from -14,985 to -15,016 feet MSL.
Mean porosity of the zone was about
14.8 percent. Analysis of the same
interval by Charles Tootle yielded a
mean porosity of about 12 percent, an
original oil in place estimate of
2,080,107 barrels, and a recoverable
oil estimate of 312,016 barrels
(Appendix 8).
Louisiana Land and Exploration
Company (LL&E) took over operations
on January 10, 1986 and plugged and
abandoned the well. Bruxoil, Inc. then
took over responsibility for the well.
They conducted a geophysical survey
across the area (geophysical permit G-
70-86; see Lloyd, 1989). The stated
purpose was to determine whether to
reenter the existing well or drill at a
new location. They decided not to
reenter the well and have not
submitted any permit applications to
drillJrinthe vicinity.
In 1987, Red Rock Oil and
Minerals Corporation received permit
1220 (Appendix 1) to reenter the well.
They completed redrilling on May 24,
1987 and ran the first production test
on June 4, 1988. This test yielded 152


barrels per day of 46.50 A.P.I. gravity
oil and 280 barrels per day of
saltwater. In a retest on December 27,
1988, the well flowed 259 barrels per
day of 46.50 A.P.I. gravity oil with no
saltwater production. Production is
from the zone discussed above, from
-14,984 to -15,006 feet MSL in the
Smackover Formation. Judging from
the field's location within the Jay
trend, it appears that reservoir
formation may have been structurally
related to the Foshee Fault System;
however, a single well does not yield
sufficient information to test this
hypothesis.
No additional wells have been
drilled at Coldwater Creek field.
Cumulative production, as of December
1995 from Coldwater Creek field was
80,068 barrels of oil from this single
well (Appendix 2).

BLACKJACK CREEK FIELD

The Blackjack Creek field
discovery well was the Humble Oil and
Refining Company St. Regis Paper
Company number 13-3 well (permit
523) drilled in Section 13, Township 4
North, Range 29 West, Santa Rosa
County, about eight miles southeast of
Jay field (Appendix 1, Figures 3 and
17). The well was completed February
14, 1972, as a producer in the
Norphlet Sandstone from -15,965 to
-15,975 feet MSL. Initial production
was 371 barrels of 51.30 A.P.I. gravity
oil and 4.5 barrels of saltwater per day.
Due to limited productivity and water
production from the Norphlet









Information Circular 111


FGS020997


Figure 17.


Blackjack Creek field structure map, top of Smackover Formation (after
Blackjack Creek Geological Committee, 1974, modified by Jim LeBar,
Petroleum Engineer, Florida Geological Survey, personal communication,
1996).










Florida Geological Survey


Sandstone, the well was recompleted
as a Smackover Formation producer
from -15,633 to -15,743 feet MSL.
The initial production test from the
Smackover, on January 22, 1975,
yielded 1,428 barrels of 51.20 A.P.I.
gravity oil and no saltwater.
Blackjack Creek field now
produces primarily from oolitic
dolostones of the Smackover
Formation (Applegate and Lloyd, 1 985)
A single well, permit 1080 (Figure 17),
produces from the Norphlet Sandstone.
The trapping structure is an anticline
located on the downthrown, southwest
side of the regional Foshee Fault
System (Figure 17). Similar to Jay
field, Blackjack Creek has been
carefully cored and analyzed to achieve
a successful reservoir management and
development program.
Cumulative production for
Blackjack Creek field was 56,805,223
barrels through December 1995
(Appendix 2) Of this total production,
578,533 barrels were produced from
the Norphlet Sandstone and
56,226,690 barrels were produced
from the Smackover Formation.
Through January 1996, 18 producing
wells and seven dry holes had been
drilled at Blackjack Creek. Ten wells
were actively being produced as of
December 1995 (Appendix 3).

MT. CARMEL FIELD

Mt. Carmel field was discovered
in December 1971 by LL&E. The
discovery well was the LL&E Finley
Heirs number 39-3 (permit 504),


located about one mile east of Jay field
in Section 39, Township 5 North,
Range 29 West, Santa Rosa County
(Appendix 1, Figures 3 and 18). Initial
production was 1,440 barrels of 470
A.P.I. gravity oil per day with no
saltwater.
Mt. Carmel field is separated
from Jay field by the Foshee Fault
System (Figure 18) Mt. Carmel field
produces both oil and gas from the
Smackover Formation and the Norphlet
Sandstone. Complex reservoir
geometry has apparently made
development of this field more difficult.
As of January 1996, three producing
wells and 12 dry holes had been drilled
at Mt. Carmel field.
There is currently one producing
well in the Mt. Carmel field. As of the
end of 1995, the field had produced
4,770,745 barrels of oil (Appendix 2).

McLELLAN FIELD

McLellan field was discovered on
February 15, 1986, with the initial
testing of the Exxon Corporation -
State of Florida number 33-1 (permit
1194, Appendix 1, Figures 3 and 19).
The well is located about 3.25 miles
north of the abandoned Sweetwater
Creek field in Section 33, Township 6
North, Range 26 West, Santa Rosa
County.
An initial flowing test of the
discovery well produced 1 52 barrels of
410 A.P.I. gravity oil per day and no
saltwater. Production is from
Smackover Formation dolostones from
-13,827 to -13,845 feet MSL (Figure









Information Circular 111


FGS021097


Figure 18. Mt. Carmel field structure map,
1974).


top of Norphlet Sandstone (after Miller,











Florida Geological Survey


ALABAMA

FLORIDA
29


5





P175
8


1 0 1 MI
1.6 0 1.6 KM
SCALE

EXPLANATION
1136 PERMIT NUMBER
-16176 DEPTH
0 PRODUCER
4- DRY HOLE


- S


P12260
-13773
P153 0
P1194
-13815


- -


* P1206
-13788


R26W R25W
25
I


36

T 6 N

T 5 N
T5N


* P881
-14045

4- P890
-14071


22


d


(.)
01



23 24 Z


Figure 19. McLellan and Sweetwater Creek fields well location map.


McLELLAN FIELD


6





7


SWEETWATER

CREEK FIELD










Information Circular 111


20). Core analysis of a potential oil and
gas productive zone from -13,819 to
-13,845 feet MSL by Core
Laboratories, Inc. (Dallas, Texas)
indicated a mean porosity of 12.3
percent. The analysis showed
additional oil and gas production
potential between -13,854 and
-13,863 feet MSL. Mean porosity is
about 15 percent for this zone. Both of
the analyzed zones contained dark, fine
grained, microcrystalline dolostones
with vuggy porosity.
McLellan field is located within
the area known to be underlain by the
Louann Salt and may have a salt-
related trap structure. It is also located
within a few miles of the approximate
updip limits of the Smackover
Formation (Lloyd, 1989; Applegate et
al., 1978; Ottman et al., 1973, 1976);
thus, the trap could be a stratigraphic
pinchout. Current data does not reveal
which trap mechanism produced the
Smackover reservoir for this field.
The first offset and confirmation
well for the field was the Exxon
Corporation State of Florida number
34-2 (permit 1206). It is located about
one-half mile east of the discovery well
(Figure 19). It was tested on March 9,
1987 and flowed 641 barrels of 43.40
A.P.I. gravity oil and 24 barrels of
saltwater per day. The Smackover
Formation was encountered at -13,788
feet MSL, 27 feet higher than in the
discovery well (Figure 20). Production
is from the Smackover Formation from
-13,797 to -13,847 feet MSL. Core
analysis by All Points, Inc. (Houston,


Texas) yielded a mean porosity of 11.5
percent for the productive zone.
A second offset to the discovery
well, Exxon Corporation State of
Florida number 28-4 (permit 1226)
was drilled about one-half mile north of
the discovery well (Figure 19). During
initial production tests, in February
1988, the well flowed 154 barrels of
oil (gravity not reported) and 171
barrels of saltwater per day. The
Smackover was encountered 42 feet
higher in this well than in the discovery
well (Figure 20), indicating a fairly
steep gradient between these wells.
This second offset well has since been
converted to a salt water disposal well.
As of December 1995,
production for McLellan field was from
the two remaining wells and totaled
351,617 barrels of oil (Appendix 2 and
3).

SWEETWATER CREEK FIELD

Sweetwater Creek field was
discovered on April 22, 1977, with the
successful flow test of the Houston Oil
and Minerals Corporation W. M.
Stokes number 15-2 well (permit 881,
Appendix 1, Figures 3 and 19). The
well is located in Section 15, Township
5 North, Range 26 West, Santa Rosa
County. In the initial test the well
produced 624 barrels of 43.50 A.P.I.
gravity oil and only a trace of saltwater
from a Smackover limestone interval
from -14,044 to -14,085 feet MSL.
This test data spurred rumors that a
"new Jay" field had been discovered.
Rumors proved to be false and an










Florida Geological Survey


KO
CD
oJ

0U























0^
I^


Figure 20. Geophysical log correlation, McLellan field.


.
O-
0
E
E>.
00






















0 oC

0









Information Circular 111


offset drilled in 1978 to the south of
the discovery well was dry (permit
890, Figure 19). Core analyses of the
Smackover Formation in the offset well
by Core Laboratories, Inc. (Dallas,
Texas) indicated very fine crystalline,
gray brown limestone and dolostone,
with low porosity and permeability, and
potential for only saltwater production.
The field produced a total of 13,695
barrels of oil during its entire lifetime
(Appendix 2). The discovery well was
the only producer at Sweetwater Creek
field and was plugged and abandoned
in December 1980, after it began
producing 100 percent saltwater.

South Florida Oil Field Summaries

INTRODUCTION

South Florida oil production
began with Florida's first oil discovery
at Sunniland field in September, 1943.
There are now 14 oil fields in south
Florida, oriented in a northwest-
southeast trend through Lee, Hendry,
Collier and Dade Counties (Figure 1).
Of these 14 Sunniland trend oil fields,
seven are active, three are temporarily
shut-in, and four are plugged and
abandoned.
Reservoirs found along the
Sunniland trend are composed of
localized buildups of organic debris into
mounds or pods which formed porous
grainstones within the upper Sunniland
Formation (Figure 2). The fauna which
make up these bioherms include
rudistids, algal plates, gastropods, and
foraminifera. Dolomitization has


enhanced the porosity of these
grainstones. The grainstones grade
laterally into nonporous, miliolid-rich
mudstones (Means, 1977; Mitchell-
Tapping, 1984, 1985, and 1986).
These miliolid mudstones often provide
the trapping mechanism for these
reservoirs.
The exception to the above
general description of south Florida oil
fields is Lake Trafford field. Lake
Trafford produces oil from a fractured
limestone in the lower Sunniland
Formation (Means, 1977).

LEHIGH PARK FIELD

The discovery well for the
Lehigh Park field was the Exxon
Consolidated Tomoka number 22-4
(permit 712) drilled in Section 22,
Township 44 South, Range 26 East,
Lee County (Appendix 1, Figures 1 and
21). This is the most northwesterly
field in the Sunniland trend. The
discovery well was completed on July
30, 1974, in the -11,349 to -11,354
foot MSL interval of the Sunniland
Formation. Initial production was 490
barrels of 27.60 A.P.I. gravity oil and
48 barrels of saltwater per day. This
well was later abandoned and a
deviated well (permit 712A) was drilled
at the same surface location to
produce higher on the structure. A total
of nine dry holes were drilled to
delineate this field. All of the producing
wells were directionally drilled because
bottom hole locations are beneath the
town of Lehigh Acres.












Florida Geological Survey


LEHIGH PARK FIELD
LEE COUNTY, FLORIDA
STRUCTURE MAP
TOP OF SUNNILAND
FORMATION
SCALE
0 0.5 1 MILE
0 1 KILOMETER


EXPLANATION 34 35
-11310-
525 PERMIT NUMBER T 44 s
-15250 DEPTH T 45 s
I PRODUCER
DRY HOLE
A SALT WATER DISPOSAL








Figure 21. Lehigh Park field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation (after
Ferber, 1985)








Information Circular 111


Figure 21 is a structure map of
the top of the Sunniland Formation
(Ferber, 1985) at Lehigh Park field. The
reservoir appears to be typical of the
south Florida Sunniland trend fields, a
leached limestone bioherm. Core
analysis by R. E. Laboratories, Inc.
(Dallas, Texas) yielded an average
porosity of 19.7 percent for the
Sunniland Formation from -11,337 to
-11,364 feet MSL. They described this
interval as a tan to brown,
fossiliferous, partially dolomitized
limestone.
One well was actively
producing, and production totaled
5,462,076 barrels of oil at the end of
December 1995 for this field
(Appendices 2 and 3).

TOWNSEND CANAL FIELD

Townsend Canal field is located
in Section 2, Township 45 South,
Range 28 East, Hendry County,
approximately three miles north of Mid-
Felda field, within the Sunniland trend
(Figure 1). It was discovered on June
27, 1982, with the first production
test of the Natural Resources
Management Corporation A. Duda &
Sons number 2-3 well (permit 1070).
The test produced 160 barrels of 28.40
A.P.I. gravity oil and 42 barrels of
saltwater per day. Production is from
the Sunniland Formation between
-11,363 and -11,368 feet MSL
(Appendix 1).
One well was producing at
Townsend Canal field at the end of
1995 (Appendix 3). Production totaled


526,420 barrels of oil at the end of
1995 (Appendix 2).

WEST FELDA FIELD

West Felda field was discovered
on August 2, 1966, with the drilling of
the Sun Red Cattle number 21-3 well
(permit 371) in Section 21, Township
45 South, Range 28 East, Hendry
County. The filed now extends into Lee
County (Appendix 1, Figures 1 and
22). The first production test yielded
56 barrels of 24.60 A.P.I. gravity oil
and 148 barrels of saltwater per day
from the -11,437 to -11,440 foot MSL
interval of the Sunniland Formation.
The field is mainly a stratigraphic
trap; however, structural closure is
more evident than at Sunoco Felda
field (Figure 22). The main producing
unit has a composition typical of the
south Florida Sunniland trend fields
(Means, 1977; Mitchell-Tapping,
1986). Means (1977) summarized the
reservoir characteristics for West Felda
field as follows: average pay thickness
of 17 feet, average porosity of 20
percent, average water saturation of
35 percent, A.P.I. oil gravity of 260,
and average daily oil production of
4,600 barrels. Values indicate
improved reservoir quality over Sunoco
Felda field.
Means (1977) believed that the
reservoir quality was improved because
West Felda field "experienced higher
energy and more-normal marine
conditions" than did Sunoco Felda
field. Alternatively, Mitchell-Tapping
(1986) considered the energy levels











Florida Geological Survey


o.2 o
g "------"- R -


I-
U- -" ,- \
o s5 --- --\


zo
I0 O~ / N S /


Z 1o
< U z



3


-J
Ui Z. I


I-4
oz













Sun ilan Formation
sA s--Ji 3.. OZ 8^. 3 *j." R'y Y



Q0U
_ji Lz M -2 1 ^A'

0
(n7
u0 N 2 i O /3I\1Ol
F 2W/.,Mfr

u n Formtio
/^_^ J--o^^1g- \ --7
t^ l ^^;F \\ Y-

/ / /" ^^ /f ^s^J N' A;







kUNnoa !I H 18^ 4 AINA03 83'd 1 1103 ^
mN-o5 3-317 LZ V -? ^. 3^\ -2: 7 ?1"" 3


'- ~^ *: INZS / r 1









Figure 22. Sunoco Felda, West Felda, and Mid-Felda fields structure map, top of
Sunniland Formation.









Information Circular 111


topographically higher" at West Felda
field.
At the end of December 1995,
six wells were producing at West Felda
field and cumulative production totaled
43,301,266 barrels of oil (Appendices
2 and 3).

MID-FELDA FIELD

The Mid-Felda field discovery
well was the R. L. Burns Red Cattle
number 27-4 (permit 904) in Section
27, Township 45 South, Range 28
East in Hendry County, Florida
(Appendix 1). The well was completed
in the -11,433 to -11,437 foot MSL
interval of the Sunniland Formation on
October 13, 1977. An initial
production test on October 24, 1977
yielded 281 barrels of 260 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 53.6 barrels of saltwater
per day (Appendix 1).
The well is located on a small
subsurface feature between West
Felda field and Sunoco Felda field
(Figure 22). Samples from the
producing zone show a partially
dolomitized fossil hash with about ten
feet of oil staining. Geophysical log
analysis indicated approximately 20
percent porosity for an eight-foot
interval (Applegate and Lloyd, 1985).
At the end of 1995, two wells
were actively producing (Appendix 3).
Cumulative production, as of the end
of December 1995 was 1,484,994
barrels of oil (Appendix 2).


SUNOCO FELDA FIELD

The Sunoco Felda-field, located
in Hendry and Collier Counties, was
discovered in July 1964 by Sunoco,
when they drilled the discovery well
(Appendix 1). The well (the Sun Red
Cattle number 32-1; permit 315) is
located in Section 32, Township 45
South, Range 29 East. Sunoco Felda
was the second commercial oil field
discovered in Florida and was
discovered 21 years after the first
commercial discovery (Sunniland field).
Forty Mile Bend field was discovered in
1954 but turned out to be non-
commercial and was abandoned in
1956. The Sunoco Felda discovery
well location was based on a
combination of subsurface and seismic
data (Tyler and Erwin, 1976).
In an initial pumping test in
November 1964, the discovery well
produced 427 barrels of 25.40 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 11 barrels of saltwater
per day. Production is from the
Sunniland Formation from -11,417 to
-11,430 feet MSL from a leached
limestone bioherm. The faunal
composition of the bioherm is
somewhat typical of the Sunniland
reservoirs (as described in the south
Florida oil fields introduction above)
(Means, 1977; Mitchell-Tapping,
1986). Mitchell-Tapping (1986)
observed faunal differences at Sunoco
Felda field which indicated formation in
"the shallow lagoonal zone of the back-
reef environment." The reservoir has a
permeability barrier to the northeast










Florida Geological Survey


"the shallow lagoonal zone of the back-
reef environment." The reservoir has a
permeability barrier to the northeast
which prevents migration of the oil up-
dip (Tyler and Erwin, 1977).
Means (1977) summarized the
reservoir characteristics of Sunoco
Felda field. These include an average
pay zone thickness of 11 feet, average
porosity of 18 percent, average water
saturation of 50 percent, A.P.I. oil
gravity of 250, and average daily oil
production of 1,700 barrels.
The last reported production
from Sunoco Felda field was in August,
1992 and all producing wells have
been plugged and abandoned. The total
production for this field was
11,528,000 barrels of oil (Appendix 2).

CORKSCREW FIELD

Corkscrew field was discovered
on November 10, 1985 with an initial
swab test of the R. K. Petroleum Rex
Properties number 33-2 (permit 1170,
Appendix 1). Corkscrew field is located
about two and one-half miles north and
slightly west of the one-well Lake
Trafford field in Collier County, Florida
(Figures 1 and 23). In its initial test,
the discovery well produced 435
barrels of 250 A.P.I. gravity oil per day
with no saltwater. Production was
from open hole in the Sunniland at
-11,502 to -11,520 feet MSL.
Core analysis by Analytical
Logging, Inc. (Ft. Myers, Florida)
indicated an oil producing zone from
-11,506 to -11,515 feet MSL. The
zone was described as a "fossil-hash"


of dolomitic limestone with an average
porosity of 15.25 percent. This
description, and the small closed
structure drawn by LeBar (Petroleum
Engineer, Florida Geological Survey,
personal communication, 1996) (Figure
23), are again consistent with a
bioherm formation for the reservoir.
Two successful offsets have
been drilled at Corkscrew field (Figure
23, permits 1199 and 1201 A) (Lloyd,
1989). In addition, permit 1243C, a
reentry and sidetrack of the Permit
1224 (a dry hole), was completed as a
producer in 1993, but was ultimately
deemed non-commercial. Corkscrew
field's total oil production as of January
1, 1996 was 966,703 barrels
(Appendix 2).

LAKE TRAFFORD FIELD

Lake Trafford field was
discovered by Mobil Oil Corporation on
the Baron Collier Jr. lease in Section 9,
Township 47 South, Range 28 East in
Collier County (Figures 1 and 24). The
discovery well (permit 401) was
completed on March 30, 1969
(Appendix 1). During initial production
tests the well pumped 118 barrels of
25.60 A.P.I. gravity oil and 78 barrels
of saltwater per day. Production was
from the Sunniland Formation from
-11,830 to -11,892 feet MSL. The well
was later squeeze cemented to shut off
water from above the perforations. The
well is unique in south Florida in that it
has not produced water since that
time.








Information Circular 111


Figure 23. Corkscrew field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation (mapped by
J. LeBar, petroleum engineer, Florida Geological Survey, 1996, personal
communication).












Florida Geological Survey


LAKE TRAFFORD FIELD

COLLIER COUNTY, FLORIDA
STRUCTURE MAP
TOP OF THE RUBBLE ZONE
(LOWEST ZONE IN THE
z z SUNNILAND FORMATION)
0 0
. -.. c- u ... 1224 U/
,36 /> 2827
-1 28 2729

S11734 SCALE
0 1 MILE
nN \- 0 I 0 1.6 KILOMETER


EXPLANATION
525 PERMIT NUMBER
-15250 DEPTH BELOW MSL
PRODUCER
DRY HOLE


-N--


FGS021597



Figure 24. Lake Trafford field structure map, top of rubble zone, Sunniland
Formation (lowest zone in Sunniland Formation, mapped by J. LeBar,
petroleum engineer, Florida Geological Survey, 1996, personal
communication).


LEE
COLLIER









Information Circular 111


Lake Trafford field is also unique
in south Florida as the only field which
produces oil from a fractured limestone
in the lower Sunniland Formation
(Means, 1977). This producing horizon
has been described as an argillaceous,
burrowed, limestone "rubble." Figure
24 is a structure map on top of this
"Rubble Zone" as mapped by Jim
LeBar (Petroleum Engineer, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1996). The
combination of burrowing and
fracturing was believed to be
responsible for the development of
producible permeability and porosity
(Jim Richter, Mobil Oil Corporation,
personal communication, in Applegate
and Lloyd, 1985).
Offsets drilled northwest and
south of the discovery well were dry
holes. The discovery well remains the
single producing well for Lake Trafford
field. The well has been periodically
shut-in due to mechanical problems
and has been producing only
sporadically since March 1988. This
well is still capable of producing
substantial reserves if the mechanical
problems can be solved (Jim LeBar,
Petroleum Engineer, Florida Geological
Survey, personal communication,
1996). The last reported production
was during 1992. Total oil production
for this field, as of January 1996, was
278,000 barrels (Appendix 2).

SUNNILAND FIELD

In September 1943, Humble Oil
and Refining Company discovered


Sunniland field in Collier County,
Florida (Appendix 1, Figures 1 and 25).
This was the first commercial oil
discovered in Florida. The discovery
well was the Humble Oil and Refining
Company Gulf Coast Realties number
1 (permit 42) located in Section 29,
Township 48 South, Range 30 East.
The well was completed in an open
hole interval between -11,568 and
-11,592 feet MSL. Initial production
was 97 barrels of 260 A.P.I. gravity oil
and 425 barrels of saltwater per day by
pumping.
The well was drilled on a
prospect outlined by magnetic, gravity,
seismic, and core data. Production in
the field is from various porous zones
in rudistid mounds in the upper 60 feet
of the formation. Mitchell-Tapping
(1985) described the producing horizon
as consisting of leached rudist and
algal particles together with pellets and
foraminifers. Mitchell-Tapping's (1985)
study of Sunniland, Bear Island, and
Forty Mile Bend fields concluded that
the depositional environment of these
fields was that of a tidal shoal with a
landward (east-northeast) mud-flat area
and a seaward (west-southwest)
shallow-water back-reef area. The
structure map (Figure 25) for the
Sunniland field shows a northwest-
southeast trending dome that formed
as these rudistid beds grew with
slowly-rising sea level during the Lower
Cretaceous. The dome is about four
miles long and two miles wide with
closure of about 40 feet.
Twenty-six producing wells and
ten dry holes have been drilled at











Florida Geological Survey


Figure 25. Sunniland field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation.








Information Circular 111


Sunniland field. After producing oil for
over 50 years, increased saltwater
production has forced abandonment of
Sunniland field. All but two of the
producing wells have been plugged and
abandoned. It is unlikely that the
remaining two wells (which are shut-in)
will produce any additional oil (Jim
LeBar, Petroleum Engineer, Florida
Geological Survey, personal
communication, 1996). The oil
production total for Sunniland field, as
of January 1996, was 18,445,000
barrels of oil (Appendix 2).

SEMINOLE FIELD

The discovery well for the
Seminole field was the Weiner-Oleum
Corporation well number 12-1 (permit
662) in Section 12, Township 48
South, Range 32 East, Hendry County
(Appendix 1, Figure 1). The well was
completed in the -11,379 to -11,384
foot MSL interval of the Sunniland
Formation on November 14, 1973.
Initial production was 26 barrels of
25.40 A.P.I. gravity oil and eight barrels
of saltwater per day. This three-well oil
field was abandoned in 1978 after
producing a total of 85,000 barrels of
oil (Appendix 2).

BEAR ISLAND FIELD

Bear Island field was discovered
on December 5, 1972, with the
completion of the Exxon Gulf Coast
Realties number 2-4 well (permit 563)
in Section 2, Township 49 South,


Range 30 East (Appendix 1, Figures 1
and 26). The field is located about two
miles southeast of Sunniland field. The
discovery well pumped 132 barrels of
260 A.P.I. gravity oil and 545 barrels of
saltwater per day from perforations
between -11,558 and -11,564 feet
MSL in Sunniland carbonates.
The structure map of Bear Island
field (Figure 26) indicates a northwest-
southeast trending dome about 4.5
miles long and 2.5 miles wide with a
closure of about 55 feet. Mitchell-
Tapping (1985) found this field to have
the same faunal assemblage as
Sunniland field; his conclusion
concerning the general depositional
environment is listed above in the
description of Sunniland field. Despite
the generally similar origin, Mitchell-
Tapping (1985) found Bear Island field
to be lithologically different from
Sunniland field. Most of the Sunniland
Formation at Bear Island field is
dolomitized and is more leached than
at Sunniland field. Anhydrite and some
secondary dolomitization has reduced
the effective permeability in some
sections. Dolomitization in the lower
units of the upper Sunniland, however,
enhanced both porosity and
permeability (Mitchell-Tapping, 1985).
A total of 25 producing wells
have been drilled at Bear Island field;
five of these were active at the end of
1995 (Appendix 3). Total oil
production, through December 1995,
was 11,318,991 barrels (Appendix 2).










Florida Geological Survey


Figure 26. Bear Island field structure map, base of anhydrite in Upper Sunniland
Formation (after Bear Island Geological Committee, 1978).









Information Circular 111


PEPPER HAMMOCK FIELD

Pepper Hammock was
discovered on September 28, 1978.
The discovery well, the Exxon
Corporation Collier Company number
23-1 well (permit 897), is located in
Section 23, Township 29 South,
Range 30 East, approximately one and
one-half miles south of Bear Island field
(Appendix 1, Figure 1). The initial
production test yielded 20 barrels of
270 A.P.I. gravity oil and 206 barrels of
saltwater per day. Production was from
Sunniland limestones between -11,586
and -11,590 feet MSL. The discovery
well is the only well at Pepper
Hammock and is shut-in. A total of
323 barrels of oil were produced before
the well was shut-in in October 1978
(Appendix 2).

BAXTER ISLAND FIELD

Baxter Island field is a one-well,
abandoned field located approximately
eight miles southeast of Bear Island
field (Figure 1). The single producer
and discovery well was the Diamond
Shamrock Gerry Brothers Ltd. number
31-3 well (permit 865) located in
Section 31, Township 49 South,
Range 32 East, Collier County
(Appendix 1). In its initial production
test on August 11, 1977, the well
pumped 35 barrels of 22.40 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 220 barrels of saltwater
per day. Production was from the
Sunniland Formation from -11,482 to
-11,485 feet MSL. The field produced
a total of 1,859 barrels of oil before


the well was shut-in in 1978 (Appendix
2). The well was plugged and
abandoned on January 12, 1980.

RACCOON POINT FIELD

Raccoon Point field is the
southeastern-most active field in the
Sunniland trend (Figure 1). Its
discovery well was the Exxon -Oleum
Corporation number 33-4 (permit 829)
drilled in Section 33, Township 51
South, Range 43 East, Collier County
(Appendix 1, Figure 27). Initial
production was from the -11,371 to
-11,375 foot MSL interval of the
Sunniland Formation. In a production
test on June 20, 1978, the well
pumped 57 barrels of 23.30 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 845 barrels of saltwater
per day.
Figure '27 indicates a structure
similar to other Sunniland producing
fields. At the end of 1995, six wells
were actively producing (Appendix 3).
Oil production totaled 8,569,027
barrels at the end of December 1995
(Appendix 2).

FORTY MILE BEND FIELD

Commonwealth Oil Company
drilled the Wiseheart State Board of
Education number 1 wildcat (permit
167) in Section 16, Township 45
South, Range 35 East, Dade County. It
was located 50 miles southeast of
Sunniland field (Appendix 1, Figure 1).
The well was completed in the -11,298
to -11,315 foot MSL interval of the
Sunniland Formation and was initially










Florida Geological Survey


Figure 27. Raccoon Point field structure map, top of Sunniland Formation porosity
(after Raccoon Point Geological Committee, 1993).








Information Circular 111


tested on February 5, 1954. In this
initial test, the well pumped an
estimated 76 barrels of 21.30 A.P.I.
gravity oil and 96 barrels of saltwater
per day. Core examination (Applegate
and Lloyd, 1985) in the open interval
showed a partially to fully oil-saturated,
finely crystalline dolostone and
limestone with pin-point porosity,
which did not appear to be commercial.
The second well in the Forty
Mile Bend field, the Gulf Oil State of
Florida number 1 well (permit 182),
was also completed in 1954. The well
is located about three and one-quarter
miles east of the discovery well (Figure
1). It was completed as a pumping well
in the -11,309 to -11,316 foot MSL
interval of the Sunniland Formation.
Initial production was 112 barrels of
21.70 A.P.I. gravity oil per day. Water
production was not tabulated.
The distance between the two
wells comprising Forty Mile Bend field
indicate that they probably did not
produce from the same reservoir.


Mitchell-Tapping (1985) studied the
fauna and lithology of Sunniland, Bear
Island, and Forty Mile Bend fields. His
description of the depositional
environment for these fields is
discussed above in the Sunniland field
description. He found the lithology and
fauna at Forty Mile Bend to be similar
to that of Sunniland field, except for
the presence of anhydrite in the pore
space and an increase in the dolomite
content.
Low oil gravity and low porosity
and permeability in the Sunniland at
both well locations made this field non-
commercial. In addition, a half-inch
hole was found in the casing of the
Gulf well (permit 182) at -10,027 feet
MSL. This could have caused excessive
water flow, and thus shortened the
productive life of this well. Both of the
Forty Mile Bend wells were abandoned
in 1956, after producing only 32,888
barrels of oil in about 17 months in
1954 and 1955 (Appendix 2) (Gunter,
1955 and 1956).












REFERENCES


Applegate, A. V. and Lloyd, J. M., 1985, Summary of Florida petroleum production
and exploration, onshore and offshore, through 1984: Florida Geological
Survey Information Circular no. 101, 69 p.

Pontigo, F. A., Jr., and Rooke, J. H., 1978, Jurassic Smackover oil
prospects in the Apalachicola embayment: Oil and Gas Journal, January 23,
1978, v. 76, no. 4, p. 80-84.

Winston, G. 0., and Palacas, J. G., 1981, Subdivision and regional
stratigraphy of the Pre-Punta Gorda Rocks lowermostt Cretaceous-Jurassic?) in
south Florida: Supplement to Transactions of the Gulf Coast Gulf Coast
Association of Geological Societies, v. 31, p. 447-453.

Bear Island Geological Committee, 1978, Bear Island field structure map, Exxon
Corporation Sunniland oil pool report: Florida Department of Natural Resources
Hearing no. 40.

Blackjack Creek Geological Committee, 1974, Blackjack Creek field unit, Exhibit M-1:
Florida Department of Natural Resources Hearing no. 38.

Bradford, C. A., 1984, Transgressive-regressive carbonate of the Smackover
Formation, Escambia County, Alabama: in Ventress, W. P. S., Bebout, D. G.,
Perkins, B. F., and Moore, C. H. (editors), The Jurassic of the Gulf Rim:
Proceedings of the third annual research conference, Gulf Coast Section,
Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation, p. 27-39.

Christian, L. D., Shirer, J. A., Kimbel, E. L., and Blackwell, R. J., 1981, Planning a
tertiary oil-recovery project for Jay/LEC fields unit: Journal of Petroleum
Technology, v. 33, p. 1535-1544.

Ferber, R., 1985, Depositional and diagenetic history of the Sunniland Formation,
Lower Cretaceous, Lehigh Park field, Lee County, Florida: Master's thesis,
University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana.

Gould, G. J., 1989, Gulf of Mexico Update: May 1988 July 1989, U. S.
Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service: OCS Information
Report, MMS 89-0079, 51 p.








Information Circular 111


Gunter, H., 1955, Exploration for oil and gas in Florida, Florida Geological Survey,
1954 Supplement to Information Circular no. 1, 35 p.

1956, Exploration for oil and gas in Florida, Florida Geological
Survey, 1955 Supplement to Information Circular no. 1, 31 p.

Hughes Eastern Corporation, 1988, McDavid Prospect, Escambia County, Florida,
Top Smackover, Geophysical Map: Florida Department of Natural Resources
Hearing no. 42.

Jay-LEC Fields Unit Geological Committee, 1974, Structure map-top of Smackover-
Norphlet oil pool, Exhibit no. G-1: Florida Department of Natural Resources
Hearing no. 36.

Johnson, P. G. and Tucker, D. L., 1987, The federal Outer Continental Shelf oil and
gas leasing program: a Florida perspective, February, 1987: Office of the
Governor, Office of Planning and Budgeting, Intergovernmental Unit, 16 p.

Karpas, R. M., and Gould, G. J., 1990, Atlantic update: July 1986 June 1990,
Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas activities, U. S. Department of the Interior
Minerals Management Service: OCS Information Report, MMS 90-0060, 57 p.

Langston, E. P., and Shirer, J. A., 1985, Performance of the Jay-LEC field unit under
mature waterflood and early tertiary operations: Journal of Petroleum
Technology, v. 37, p. 261-268.

Shirer, J. A., and Nelson, D. E., 1981, Innovative reservoir
management key to highly successful Jay-LEC waterflood: Journal of
Petroleum Technology, v. 33, p. 783-791.

Lloyd, J. M., 1994, 1992 and 1993 Florida petroleum production and exploration:
Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 110, 30 p.

1992, 1990 and 1991 Florida petroleum production and
exploration: Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 108, 31 p.

1991, 1988 and 1989 Florida petroleum production and
exploration: Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 107, Part I, p.
1-62.









Florida Geological Survey


1989, 1986 and 1987 Florida petroleum production and
exploration: Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 106, 39 p.

1986, Bluff Springs field discovery renews interest in Florida's
western panhandle: Oil and Gas Journal, June 30, 1986, v. 84, no 3, p. 105-
108.

and Applegate, A. V., 1987, 1985 Florida petroleum production
and exploration: Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 104, Part I,
p'. 1-42.

and Ragland, J. M., 1991, Petroleum exploration and development
policies in Florida: Response to public concern for sensitive environments:
Florida Geological Survey Information Circular no. 107, Part II, p. 63-82.

Ragland, P. C., Ragland, J. M., and Parker, W. C., 1986,
Diagenesis of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Jay field, Florida: Gulf Coast
Association of Geological Societies Transactions, v. 36, p. 201-211.

Lomando, A. J., Jr., Schreiber, C., and Nurmi, R. D., 1981, Sedimentation and
diagenesis of Upper Smackover grainstone, Jay-field area, west Florida
(abstract): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 65, no.
5, p. 950.

Mancini, E. A., and Benson, D. J., 1980, Regional stratigraphy of Upper Jurassic
Smackover carbonates of southwest Alabama: Gulf Coast Association of
Geological Societies Transactions, v. 30, p. 151-165.

Means, J. A., 1977, Southern Florida needs another look: The Oil and Gas Journal,
v. 75, no. 5, p. 212-225.

Miller, J., 1974, Mount Carmel field structure map: Florida Department of Natural
Resources Hearing no. 27.

Mitchell-Tapping, H., 1984, Petrology and depositional environment of the Sunniland
producing fields of south Florida: Gulf Coast Association of Geological
Societies Transactions, v. 34, p. 157-173.

,_ 1985, Petrology of the Sunniland, Forty Mile Bend and Bear Island
fields of south Florida: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies
Transactions, v. 35, p. 233-242.








Information Circular 111


1986, Exploration petrology of the Sunoco Felda trend of south
Florida: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, v. 36, p.
241-256.

Moore, C. H., 1984, The Upper Smackover of the Gulf Rim: depositional systems,
diagenesis, porosity evolution and hydrocarbon development: in Ventress, W.
P. S., Bebout, D. G., Perkins, B. F., and Moore, C. H. (editors), The Jurassic of
the Gulf Rim: Proceedings of the third annual research conference, Gulf Coast
Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation, p.
283-307.

Ottman, R. D., Keyes, P. L., and Ziegler, M. A., 1973, Jay field a Jurassic
stratigraphic trap: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies
Transactions, v. 23, p. 146-157.

1976, Jay field a Jurassic stratigraphic trap: in- Braunstein, J.
(editor), North American oil and gas fields: American Association of Petroleum
Geologists Memoir 24, p. 276-286.

Raccoon Point Geological Committee, 1993, Structure Map Top of Sunniland
Porosity, Florida Department of Environmental Protection Order No. 93-1-45:
Unitization of Raccoon Point Field.

Shirer, J. A., Langston, E. P., and Strong, R. B., 1978, Application of field-wide
conventional coring in the Jay-Little Escambia Creek Unit: Journal of
Petroleum Technology, v. 30, p. 1774-1780.

Sigsby, R. J., 1976, Paleoenvironmental analysis of the Big Escambia Creek-Jay-
Blackjack Creek field area: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies
Transactions, v. 26, p. 258-278.

Tyler, A. N. and Erwin, W. L., 1976, Sunoco-Felda field, Hendry and Collier Counties,
Florida: in Braunstein, J. (editor), North American oil and gas fields: American
Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 24, p. 287-299.

Vinet, M. J., 1984, Geochemistry and origin of Smackover and Buckner dolomites
(Upper Jurassic), Jay field area, Alabama-Florida: in Ventress, W. P. S.,
Bebout, D. G., Perkins, B. F., and Moore, C. H. (editors), The Jurassic of the
Gulf Rim: Proceedings of the third annual research conference, Gulf Coast








Florida Geological Survey


Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation, p.
365-374.

World Oil, 1996, Crude output drops again, gas levels off: World Oil, February 1996,
v. 217, no.2, p. 69.


















APPENDIX 1. FLORIDA OIL FIELD DISCOVERY WELL DATA


PERFORATIONS
DATUM FOR DEPTH OR OPEN HOLE TOTAL DEPTH
DISCOVERY PERMIT MEASUREMENTS, DEPTH BELOW BELOW DATUM, PRODUCING DISCOVERY OIL GRAVITY,
DATE NO. FIELD COUNTY FT. MSL 11ll DATUM, FT. FT. FORMATION STATUS DEGREES API
9-26-43 42 Sunniland Collier 34 IDF) 11,602-11,626 11,626 Sunniland Pumping 26
2-1-54 167 Forty Mile Bend Dade 24 (DF) 11.322-11,339 11,557 Sunniland Pumping. 21
7-22-64 315 Sunoco Felda Hendry 55 11,472-11,485 11,485 Sunniland Pumpingr 25
8-2-66 371 West Felda Hendry 49 11,486-11,489 11,675 Sunniland Pumping 26
3-30-69 401 Lake Trafford Collier 40 11,870-11,892 11,987 Sunniland Pumping 26
6-15-70 417 Jay Santa Rosa 206 15,470-15,524 15,984 Smackover Flowing 51
& Norphlet
12-19-71 504 Mt. Carmel Santa Rosa 274 15,260-15,280 15,399 Smackover Flowing 47
& Norphlet
2-14-72 523 Blackjack Creek Santa Rosa 157 15,790-15,900 16,235 Smackover Flowing 51
&Norphlet
12-5-72 563 Bear Island Collier 31 11,589-11,595 11,817 Sunniland Pumping 26
11-14-73 662 Seminole Hendry 36 11,415-11,420 11,651 Sunniland Pumping 25
7-30-74 712 Lehigh Park Lee 40 11,389-11,394 11,630 Sunniland Pumping 28
4-22-77 881 Sweetwater Creek Santa Rosa 255 14,299-14,340 14,611 Smackover Pumping 45
8-11-77 865 Baxter Island Collier 30 11.512-11,515 11,823 Sunniland Pumping 22
10-13-77 904 Mid-Felda Hendry 59 11,492-11,496 11,686 Sunniland Pumping 26
6-20-78 829 Raccoon Point Collier 39 11,410-11,414 11,658 Sunniland Pumping 23
9-28-78 897 Pepper Hammock Collier 43 11,629-11,633 11,897 Sunniland Pumping 27
6-27-82 1070 Townsend Canal Hendry 53 11,416-11,421 11,462 Sunniland Pumping 28
3-25-84 1125 Bluff Springs Escambia 178 16,332-16,339 16.800 Smackover Flowing 57
11-10-85 1170 Corkscrew Collier 45 11,547-11,565 11,565 Sunniland Pumping 26
2-19-86 1194 McLellan Santa Rosa 245 14,072-14,090 14,475 Smackover Flowing 41
6-4-88 1220 Coldwater Creek Santa Rosa 166 15,150-15.170 15,407 Smackover Flowing 47
6-14-88 1230 McDavid Escambia 271 16,346-16,360 16,800 Smackover Flowing 54


1. This is usually the kelly bushing elevation; where this is unavailable, drill floor IDF) elevation is given.
















APPENDIX 2. 1994, 1995 AND CUMULATIVE PRODUCTION DATA (1)


CUMULATIVE
1994 PRODUCTION 1995 PRODUCTION PRODUCTION
Oil Gas Water Oil Gas Water Oil Gas
FIELD (2) (Bbis) (MCFI (BbIs) IBbIs) (MCF) (Bbls) (MBbIs) IMMCF)


NORTHWEST FLORIDA


Bluff Springs (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 242 129
McDavid (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 150 62
Jay (Fla. only) 4,159,336 7,410,410 55,199,267 3,810,967 6,230,813 61.436,742 387,816 505,234
Jay IFla.+Ala.) 4,580,107 8,043,399 60,918,577 4,076,430 6,613,768 67,047,142
Coldwater Creek 32,699 0 116,915 3,404 0 16,753 81 14
Blackjack Creek 354,722 814,154 8,505,848 301,964 738,079 8,595,142 56,805 57,325
Mt. Carmel 20,725 0 160,721 2,737 0 45,557 4,770 4,797
McLellan 24,842 7,888 35,105 17,238 4,560 39,137 352 144
Sweetwater Creek (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 15


Subtotal (4) 4,592,324 8,232,452 64,017,856 4,136,3.10 6,973,452 70,133,331 450,230 567,720
SOUTH FLORIDA

Lehigh Park 50,153 6,318 701,074 43,271 6,318 661,097 5,462 559
Townsend Canal 2,590 0 19,578 4,816 0 50,645 527 0
West Felda 353,456 27,934 3,125,074 357,942 28,777 3,283,230 43,301 3,383
Mid-Felda 17,074 0 49,992 10,299 0 91,870 1,485 10
Sunoco Felda (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 11,598 982
Corkscrew 61,667 0 67,347 47,136 0 59,721 967 0
Lake Trafford 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0
Seminole (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 85 0
Sunniland 0 0 0 0 0 0 18,445 1,825
Bear Island 123,877 24,453 458,640 90,125 23,099 275,807 11,319 942
Pepper Hammock 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Baxter Island (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Raccoon Point 871,897 155,747 913,951 991,719 139,911 1,892,882 8,568 1,121
Forty Mile Bend (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 33 2


Subtotal 1,480,714 214,452 5,335,656 1,545,308 198,105 6,315,252 102,070 8,824



1. Statistics compiled by Jim LeBar, Petroleum Engineer, Florida Geological Survey, Oil and Gas Section. Abbreviations: BbIs Barrels (42 US Gallons)
2. Fields are listed in approximate order from north to south and west to east. MBbis Thousand Barrels
3. Plugged and abandoned oil fields. MCF Thousand Cubic Feet
4. Northwest Florida subtotals use Jay (FL only) data. MMCF Million Cubic Feet


-n
0
Ca

--,
0)

0

CO
CD
0

0)
V)
C














Information Circular 111


APPENDIX 3. 1994 AND 1995 FIELD WELL STATISTICS (1)


1994 1995
Number of Wells Number of Wells
FIELD (2) PRO INJ SI TA TOTAL PRO INJ SI TA TOTAL

NORTHWEST FLORIDA

Jay 43 31 35 0 109 51 27 32 1 111
Coldwater Creek 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
Blackjack Creek 8 10 3 0 21 10 9 2 1 22
Mt. Carmel 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
McLellan 2 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 2

Subtotal 55 41 38 0 134 63 36 36 2 137
SOUTH FLORIDA

Lehigh Park 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
Townsend Canal 1 0 3 0 4 1 0 1 0 2
West Felda 8 0 15 0 23 6 0 11 2 19
Mid-Felda 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 2
Sunoco Felda 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
Corkscrew -3 0 0 0 3 3 0 0 0 3
Lake Trafford 0 0 1 0 1 0 '.0 1 0 1
Sunniland 0 0 4 0 4 0 0 2 0 2
Bear Island 6 0 9 0 15 5 0 8 0 13
Pepper Hammock 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
Raccoon Point 5 0 7 0 12 6 0 7 0 13

Subtotal | 25 0 45 0 70 24 0 31 2 57


1. 1994 statistics compiled by Charles Tootle, Petroleum Engineer, Florida Geological Survey, Oil and Gas Section.
1995 statistics compiled by Jim LeBar, Petroleum Engineer, Florida Geological Survey, Oil and Gas Section.
2. Fields are listed in approximate order from north to south and west to east.


Abbreviations:


PRO Producing Wells
INJ -.Injection Wells
SI Shut In Wells
TA Temporarily Abandoned Wells






















f'
















Florida Geological Survey






APPENDIX 4. 1994 AND 1995 FIELD WELLS DRILLED


Drill Floor Total
FIELD Operator-Well Completion Elev., Ft. Depth
County Permit No. Name & No. Location (1) Date Above MSL Ft. (2) Comments

MT. CARMEL
Santa Rosa P-1286 Daniels Corp.- SHL: 980' FWL & 01/29/95 273 MD: 15,370 Top of Smackover: 15,082'.
Hendricks 2-1, 1680' FSL TVD: 15,350 Top of Norphlet: 15,310'.
No. 2 Sec. 2, Well sidetracked, P-1 286A.
T5N, R29W
BHL: Not available. (3)


Santa Rosa P-1286A Daniels Corp.- SHL: 980' FWL & 03/09/95 273 MD: 15,511 Top of Smackover: 15,164'.
Hendricks 2-1, 1680'" FSL TVD: 15,442 Top of Norphlet: 15,418'.
No. 2, ST1 Sec. 2, Dry hole, in process of
T5N, R29W plugging & abandonment.
BHL: 1305' FWL &
1405' FSL
Sec. 2,
T5N, R29W

1) Directionally drilled well; SHL is surface hole location, BHL is bottom hole location.
2) MD: measured depth, TVD: true vertical depth.
3) Directional survey to total depth not supplied by operator. Hole location at a depth of 14,754' was 1,711' FSL and 587' FWL, Sec. 2, T5N, R29W.




APPENDIX 5. EXPLORATORY WELL DRILLED IN 1993,
COMPLETION REPORT RECEIVED IN 1994

Drill Floor Total
Operator-Well Completion Elev., Ft. Depth
County Permit No. Name & No. Location Date Above MSL Ft. Comments

Santa Rosa P-1285 Mack Oil Corp.- 1339' FNL & 11/07/93 186 16,600 Target: Smackover Fm.
Champion 23-1 1274' FEL Top of Smackover: 16,145'.
Sec. 23, Plugged & abandoned
T3N, R28W as a dry hole, 11/10/93.













Information Circular 111




APPENDIX 6. OIL EXPLORATION WELLS DRILLED IN STATE WATERS (1)

Rotary
Permit and Lease No. Table Elev. Total Geological
Year Well(2) No. Operator and Area County Ft. above MSL Depth, Ft. Significance


1947 P-16 Gulf Oil State of Florida
W-1413 Corp. Lease 374 No. 1
Sugarloaf Key Area

1947 P-22 Gulf Oil State of Florida
W-972 Corp. Lease 373 No. 1
Big Pine Key Area




1947 P-43 Magnolia State of Florida
W-1502 Petroleum Block 5-B No. 1-A
Co. St. Vincent Sound

1955 P-232 Gulf Oil State of Florida
W-3510C Corp. Lease 826-G No. 1
Florida Bay


1956 P-251
W-4122


HORC State of Florida
Lease 833 No. 1
Pensacola Bay


1959 P-275 Gulf Oil State of Florida
W-5094 Corp. Lease 826-Y No. 1
Marquesas












1959 P-280 California State of Florida
W-5152 Coastal Lease 1011 No. 1
Big Pine Key Area

1959 P-281 California State of FLorida
W-5103 Coastal Lease 224-A No. 1
St. George Island
Area

1960 P-289 California State of Florida
W-5574 Coastal Lease 224-B No. 1
Boca Grande Area

1961 P-292 California State of Florida
W-5713 Coastal Lease 1011 No. 2
Marquesas

1961 P-293 California State of Florida
W-5654 Coastal Lease 224-A No. 2
South of Alligator
Point


offshore
Monroe


offshore
Monroe





offshore
Franklin


offshore
Monroe


offshore
Santa Rosa


6,100 Bottomed in Upper Cretaceous(?).



15,455 No porosity in Sunniland Fm.
Well bottomed in Pumpkin Bay
Fm. Very difficult to correlate
this well because of anhydrite
development. Structurally very
low.

7,019 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.



12,631 Well cored from 11,661-12,544'
in Sunniland Fm. and Punta Gorda
Anhydrite. Encountered some salt
stringers in Punta Gorda. Only 60'
of dark dense calcilutite in Sunni-
land Fm.

7,505 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.



15,478 Four drill stem tests:
12,474-1 2,533'(Lake Trafford? Fm.I
12,534-12,544'(Sunniland Fm.)
12,582-12,822'(Sunniland Fm.)
14,642-14,702'(Brown Dolomite Zn.)
The 12,474-12,533' test recovered
1 5 barrels of 22 degree API
gravity oil and 14.1 barrels of
saltwater. Brown Dolomite from
14,650-15,036' was somewhat
vuggy. This may be the principal
target in this area. Net dolomite
estimated at 400'.

6,030 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.



7,030 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.




14,000 Brown Dolomite: 12,485-12,589'.
Estimated net dolomite: 103'.


7,722 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.



10,560 Did not encounter Smackover Fm.
Bottomed in Eagle Mills Fm. of
Triassic age. Diabase found in
Eagle Mills.


offshore
Monroe













offshore
Monroe


offshore
Franklin



offshore
Lee


offshore
Monroe


offshore
Franklin


1. Modified from Applegate and Lloyd, 1985.
2. Florida Geological Survey well number for samples (cuttings or core chips).
















Florida Geological Survey




APPENDIX 6 (cont.). OIL EXPLORATION WELLS DRILLED IN STATE WATERS (1)
Rotary
Permit and Lease No. Table Elev. Total Geological
Year Well(2) No. Operator and Area County Ft. above MSL Depth, Ft. Significance


1961 P-297 California State of FloridA
W-5785 Coastal Lease 224-B No. 2
Boca Grande Area







1962 P-298 California State of Florida
W-5970 Coastal Lease 1011 No. 3
Marquesas





1963 P-304 California State of Florida
W-6278 Coastal Lease 224-B No. 3
Honeymoon Island
Area

1967 P-375 Mobil Oil State of Florida
W-8139 Corp. Lease 224-B No. 1
Boca Grande Area


1967 P-382 Mobil Oil State of Florida
W-8304 Corp. Lease 224-A No. 1-A
W-SW of Crystal
River


offshore
Lee








offshore
Monroe






offshore
Pinellas



offshore
Charlotte


offshore 22
Citrus


1967 P-383 Mobil Oil State of Rorida offshore 25
W-8305 Corp. Lease 224-A No. 1-B Levy
Cedar Key Area


1968 P-387 Mobil*Oil State of Florida offshore
W-8487 Corp. Lease 224-A No. 1-C Franklin
Little St. George
Island Area


1983 P-1097 Getty Oil State of Florida
W-15391 Company Lease 2338 No. 1
East Bay


offshore
Santa Rosa


12,600 There is an estimated 40' of dolo-
mite in the 12,445-12,560' Brown
Dolomite interval. No evidence of
oil staining. Dolomite microcrys-
talline to finely crystalline.
Core analysis from 11,255-11,625'
Sunniland interval showed no
permeability, extremely low por-
osity, and no oil.

12,850 Bottomed in Punta Gorda
Anhydrite. No shows of oil and
no porosity reported. Drill stem
test of the 12.521-12,600' interval
tested saltwater. Rebecca Shoals
Reef (Paleocene and Upper
Cretaceous) present.

10,600 Bottomed in Lower Cretaceous.
Very poor samples. No oil shows.
Carbonates-clastics below 7,000'.


1 2,931 This well drilled into Pumpkin
Bay Fm. at 12,230'. Drilled
into basement (rhyolite porphyry)
at 1 2,830'. No shows in Sunniland
Fm. Brown Dolomite Zone:
11,920-12,000'. Estimated net
dolomite: 70'. Poor samples.

6,041 Mixed faces carbonatess, sand-
stones, and shales) at 4,325';
Triassic, Eagle Mills at 5,625';
Paldozoic at 5,920'. Very indur-
ated shale and siltstone. Some
quartzite. Bedding planes verti-
cal in this core. No shows and no
porosity.

4,735 Mixed faces carbonatess, sand-
stones, and shales) at 2,882' in
Cretaceous. Predominantly vari-
colored unconsolidated sandstone
below 4,180'. Highly indurated
quartzites and interbedded shales
in core (Paleozoic) from 4,720-
4,735'.

14,369 This well encountered Jurassic
limestone. First indication of
possible Smackover Fm. in Apa-
lachicola area.

18,011 Smackover tests at 17,405-17,411'
and 17,328-17,411' produced only
saltwater. Norphlet Ss. and Louann/
Werner evaporites were very thin.


1. Modified from Applegate and Lloyd, 1985.
2. Florida Geological Survey well number for samples (cuttings or core chips).














APPENDIX 7.


1994 AND 1995 GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION ACTIVITY


GEOPHYSICAL PERMIT EXPIRATION ENERGY SURVEY LENGTH, MI
PERMIT COMPANY COUNTY APPROVED DATE STATUS SOURCE APPROVED SURVEYED

G-152-93 Universal Seismic Santa Rosa 03-Mar-94 03-Mar-95 Completed Seismic 22.5 22.5
Acquisition Inc. Explosives

G-153-93 Triton Energy Highlands 23-Nov-93 23-Nov-94 Completed Gravity 102.0 102.0
Company

G-154-95 Calumet Florida Lee, Hendry, 24-Mar-95 23-Mar-96 In Progress Seismic 52.4 20.3
Inc. & Collier Explosives

G-155-95 Coastal Offshore Application Airgun and Dense grid: Apalachicola to Naples.
Petroleum Pending Gravity/Magnetic Mileage not given in application.

Total Miles in Applications: 176.9 144.8
Survey Miles by Area:
North Florida: 22.5 22.5
South Florida: 154.4 122.3





















APPENDIX 8. FLORIDA OIL AND GAS RESERVE ESTIMATES (1)


ORIGINAL OIL REMAINING ORIGINAL GAS REMAINING
AVERAGE ORIGINAL ESTIMATE RECOVER- PRODUCED RECOVERABLE RECOVER- PRODUCED RECOVERABLE
OIL AVERAGE PRODUC- GAS-OIL OIL IN RECOVERY ABLE OIL THROUGH OIL RESERVES ABLE GAS THROUGH GAS RESERVES
GRAVITY, POROSITY, TIVE RATIO, PLACE, FACTOR, IN PLACE, 1-1-96, AS OF 1-1-96, IN PLACE, 1-1-96, AS OF 1.1-96,
FIELD (21) A.P.I. PERCENT ACRES SCF/STB BARRELS FRACTION BARRELS BARRELS BARRELS MCF MCF MCF
NORTHWEST FLORIDA
Bluff Springs (3) 53 19.6 160.00 550 1,300,440 0.19 247,084 241,871 5,213 135,795 128,565 7,230
McDavid (3) 53 12.8 160.00 400 4,987,347 0.10 498,736 150,323 348,413 199,494 61,859 137,635
Jay (FL & AL) 51 14.0 14,414.50 1,277 820,569,503 0.60 492,341,702 419,824,453 72,517,249 628,720,354 547,251,409 81,468,945
Jay (FL only) 51 14.0 13,021.14 1,277 763,129,638 0.60 457,877,783 367,815,585 70,062,198 584,709,929 505,234,204 79,475,725
Coldwater Creek 47 12.1 160.00 500 2,080,107 0.15 312;016 80,068 231,948 156,008 14,012 141,996
Blackjack Creek 48 16.5 5,719.98 954 100,500,000 0.60 60,300,000 56,805,223 3,494,777 57,526,200 57,324,872 201,328
Mt. Carmel 43 9.1 481.28 1,028 17,500,000 0.29 5,075,000 4,770,745 304,255 5,218,140 4,797,292 420,848
McLellan 43 9.0 480.00 430 2,915,540 0.14 412,686 351,617 61,069 177,455 143,494 33,961
Sweetwater Creek (3) 44 11.0 160.00 1,070 624,000 0.10 62,400 13,695 48,705 66,768 14,655 52,113


Subtotal (4) 20,342.40 893,037,072 524,785,705 450,229,127 74,556,578 648,189,789 567,718,953 80,470,836 M
SOUTH FLORIDA .
Lehigh Park 28 17.7 800.00 100 8,211,707 0.68 5,583,961 5,462,076 121,885 558,396 558,161 235 0C
Townsend Canal 28 13.7 640.00 0 4,504,699 0.20 900,940 526,420 374,520 0 0 0 0)
West Felda 26 15.0 7,500.00 80 125,802,366 0.35 44,030,828 43,301,266 729,562 3,522,466 3,383,330 139,136
CD
Mid-Felda 26 11.9 480.00 10 5,090,419 0.30 1,527,126 1,484,994 42,132 12,726 10,094 2,632 0
0, Sunoco Felda (3) 25 15.0 3,840.00 85 28,946,578 0.40 11,608.631 11,598,196 10,435 984,184 981,827 2,357 0
Corkscrew 26 6.9 480.00 0 1,667.806 0.65 1,084,074 966,703 117,371 0 0 0 .
Lake Trafford 26 7.9 160.00 0 7,690,293 0.04 307,612 278,241 29,371 0 0 0
Seminole (3) 25 14.1 480.00 0 2,366,565 0.10 236,657 84,755 151,902 0 0 0
Sunniland 26 15.0 2,080.00 100 37,685,118 0.50 18,842,559 18,445,245 397,314 1,884,256 1,824,628 59,628 c-
Bear Island 26 11.9 2,880.00 60 42,811,959 0.35 14,964,184 11,318,991 3,665,193 1,198,735 941,112 257,623
Pepper Hammock 27 15.3 160.00 0 976,713 0.10 97,671 323 97,348 0 0 0 QB
Baxter Island (3) 22 19.6 160.00 0 1,276,617 0.10 127,662 1,859 125,803 0 0 0
Raccoon Point 23 13.9 2,400.00 120 42,437,790 0.25 10,609,448 8,569,027 2,040,421 1,273,134 1,121,170 151,964
Forty Mile Bend (3) 21 10.0 320.00 50 1,112,701 0.07 77,889 32,888 45,001 3,894 1,656 2,238


Subtotal 22,380.00 310,581,331 110,019,242 102,070,984 7,948,258 9,437,791 8,821,978 615,813


1. Updated from estimates by Charles H. Tootle in Uoyd, 1994. See Uoyd, 1994 for explanation of methods used to determine reserve estimates. ABBREVIATIONS: MCF Thousand Cubic Feet
2. Fields are listed In approximate order from northwest to southeast. SCF Standard Cubic Feet
3 Plugged and abandoned oil fields. STB Stock Tank Barrels
4. Northwest Florida subtotals use Jay (FL only) data.
DISCLAIMER:
An attempt was made to present realistic estimates; however, no guarantee or warranty is expressed or implied. Anyone who uses this information does so at their own risk.











FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
903 W. TENNESSEE STREET
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA 32304-7700

ADMINISTRATIVE SECTION


Walter Schmidt, Chief and State Geologist
Cindy Collier, Administrative Secretary Jessie Hawkins, Custodian
Deborah Mekeel, Librarian Sandie Ray, Admin. Asst.

GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS SECTION

Thomas M. Scott, Assistant State Geologist
Jon Arthur, Petrologist Lance Johnson, Research Assistant
Martin Balinsky, Research Assistant Ted Kiper, Cartographer
Jim Balsillie, Coastal Geologist Li Li, Research Assistant
Clint Barineau, Research Assistant Harley Means, Research Assistant
Paulette Bond, Geochemist Tom Miller, Research Assistant
Jennifer Branch, Staff Assistant LaMarr Mitchell, Secretary Specialist
Ken Campbell, Sedimentologist Spencer Mitchell, Research Assistant
Joel Duncan, Sedimentary Petrologist Stephen Palmes, Research Assistant
Rick Green, Senior Research Assistant Frank Rupert, Paleontologist
Mark Groszos, Research Assistant Frank Rush, Lab Technician
Alex Howell, Research Assistant Jim Trindell, Driller
Dennis Jensen, Research Assistant Rodger VanLandingham, Asst. Driller
Jim Jones, Cartographer Bill Waite, Research Assistant


MINERAL RESOURCE INVESTIGATIONS
AND
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY SECTION


Jacqueline M. Lloyd, Assistant State Geologist
Zi-Quiag Chen, Research Assistant Ron Hoenstine, Env. Geologist
Adel Dabous, Research Assistant Suvrat Kher, Research Assistant
Rodney DeHan, Sr. Research Scientist Jim Ladner, Environmental Geologist
Joe Donoghue, Research Associate Ed Lane, Environmental Geologist
Henry Freedenberg, Env. Geologist Steve Spencer, Economic Geologist
Cliff Hendrickson, Research Assistant Nikki Strong, Research Assistant
Deborah Harrington, Research Assistant Candy Trimble, Research Assistant
Holly Williams, Research Assistant

OIL AND GAS SECTION

L. David Curry, Environmental Program Administrator
Paul Attwood, Asst. Dist. Coordinator Don Hargrove, Engineer
Robert Caughey, District Coordinator Evelyn Jordan, Sec. Spec.
Ed Gambrell, District Coordinator Jim LeBar, Professional Engineer
Ed Garrett, Geologist Victoria MacFarlan, Sec. Spec.
Carolyn Stringer, Secrerary Specialist