m -m .--r4
|p IIe---- -- ____L^ *
GROUP ATTENDING UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA DAIRY PLANT SHORT COURSE (SEE PAGE 24)
Guide Us to Profits"
say Val and Ruth Massey
Oneco, Florida.-Val Massey is one dairyman
who credits production records for a big part
of his dairy profits. Val's wife, Ruth, the record
keeper in this partnership, credits much of
their success to Val's management.
Val Massey grew up in the dairy business-in
Kentucky, where he learned the value of good
pasture in milk production. When Val and
Ruth located in south Florida, they were deter-
mined to continue dairying. They were even
more determined to make dairying pay. To
make it work they started a successful pasture
improvement program and linked it with bal-
anced feeding and management.
This is the Masseys' sixth year on the Purina
Dairy Program. They feed Purina Nursing
Chow, Calf Startena, D & F Chow and Cow
Chow. A glance at their improved, well-kept
farm would quickly convince any skeptic that
the Masseys are following a winning program;
Val pointed out some interesting points from
their records of the past year and a half. Rec-
ords show the herd produced a profit above
feed and pasture every month, but the margin
of profit in August, September and October
(when pasture was poor) was less than $10.00
per cow per month. Production those three
months dropped to 19 lbs. daily per cow.
Production January through May, 1954, aver-
aged 27 lbs. daily per cow, and the monthly
profit per cow was $31.60.
Production January through May, 1955, aver-
aged 23.2 lbs. per day, and the monthly profit
of $29.20 per cow was helped by the fact that
every cow of milking age was in production.
See your Purina Dealer and learn more about the
program followed so successfully by Val and
RALSTON PURINA COMPANY
Two of Purina's 43 Mills are in Florida
Job or Crop
All New Engines
for All 4 Fuels:
* DIESEL LP-GAS
* GASOLINE DISTILLATE
8 Speeds Forward with
This two-tone beauty, the all-new Case "400" Tractor,
gives you eight easy-shift forward speeds to match your
special job, crop or soil conditions. Two creeper gears
provide a smooth, steady crawl down to little more than
a mile per hour. With constant-running power take-off,
the Case "400" is master of your toughest PTO jobs.
Two reverse speeds give you slow or fast maneuvering.
Two all-new engines, instant-starting diesel or gas, fit
all four classes of fuel, every fuel price situation. New
comfort of rubber suspension seat... new convenience
of controls and simple, progressive one-lever shifting
. .. new ease of steering and braking. .. make it a dream
to drive. It's easy to buy, too, with the Case Income
Payment Plan . pay when your money comes in.
E U S D AS O A MST
Coastal Motors & Equipment
Rowe Tractor Co.
Hibbs Tractor Co.
Moss Tractor Co.
Ray Moore Implement Co.
Taylor & Munnell Inc.
Thomas Equipment Co.
LAKELAND POMPANO BEACH
Pounds Tractor Co. Farm Machinery Sales Co.
LIVE OAK SEBRING
Grantham Chevrolet Co. Pounds-Zeiss Motor Co.
Andreasen Tractor & Equip. Thompson Tractor & Equip.
T & O Tractor Co. Cosey Motor Co.
PALATKA WEST PALM BEACH
Beasley Tractor Co., Inc. Buckner Tractor & Equip.
PERRINE WINTER GARDEN
Corner Garage Pounds Motor Co.
Pounds Tractor Co.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 *
NEW FORD 51 other big press
RANCH WAGON dairymen-l
RANCHWAGONfrom General Mills
Unusual contest introduces
new Larro calf-raising plan
Here's a unique calf-naming contest with big prizes
for dairymen who try Larro SureRaise.
The contest is easy to enter and fun for the whole
family. Name Larro's husky twin heifer calves, and
you may win a new Ford Custom 8 Ranch Wagon
. a Jamesway Shuttle-Stroke barn cleaner, "tail-
or-made" to your barn . or one of 50 beautiful
52-piece sets of Wm. A. Rogers Capri pattern, triple-
plate silverware, each in a handsome Chelsea Chest
of solid wood.
What's more, you get a Larro weigh tape from
General Mills just for entering . a tape that
gi\es a call's weight from its heart girth.
Second bonus and even more rewarding is
Larro's new calf-raising plan. This new method al-
ready has proved it can grow calves 26'-, faster than
accepted standards. It helps overcome many com-
mon calf-raising problems 'including scours' and
giles you healthy, strong-boned calves at lower cost.
Your Larro SureFeed dealer has complete details
on this nevw way to raise better calkes . plus the
official entry blank you'll need for entering Larro's
prize-packed, calf-naming contest. See your Larro
dealer soon. Contest closes October 31.
General [Mill,, !Minneapoli- 1, Minnesola
. .. .. ...
New twin Larro feeds offer double benefits
When a calf dies before maturity (20-
25% do), your loss is sizable. When a
calf lives but fails to develop full milking
capacity (20-50% are undernourished),
your loss is multiplied over a long period.
That's why Larro dairy scientists spent
years to develop and test a plan that
helps overcome these losses. It includes
two revolutionary new feeds: Larro Sure-
Raise pre-starter and Larro SureCalf
starter. Together they make a power-
ful feeding combination that "super-
nourishes" calves while protecting them
from scours and other digestive hazards.
Larro SureRaise is fortified with a natu-
ral scours-fighter called Pectin . plus
Aureomycin for extra disease protection.
SureCalf is a potent bone and muscle-
builder with new appetizing texture.
Results are significant. At Larro Re-
search Farm, calves on the new Larro
plan grew 26% faster. They started
chewing their cuds when only 12 to 14
days old . a sure sign they already
were making good use of roughage. Not
a single calf was lost on the Larro pro-
Start getting these extra benefits of fast
growth and healthy calves now. Your Lar-
ro SureFeed dealer can show you how.
*.-a jr/?Ot *New Ford *Jamegway
hNew Ford aJo.rnesway e 50 Sets of' i
BRanch Wgon Barn Cleaner Silverware
2 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
yours just .i
Magazines, Newspapers And Politicians
Should Tell The Other Side Of The Story
The dairy industry is grateful for publishers of both magazines and newspapers
who believe in and practice the publishing of "both sides of the news" as stated by
one prominent Florida newspaper.
It is likewise appreciative of those who, as candidates and after their election to
public office, seek and consider all available facts concerning matters over which
they may have authority.
Unfortunately, there are publishers of newspapers and magazines who feel it is
only their duty to publish that side of the news and facts of the dairy industry with
which they are in sympathy or which they think will sell the most newspapers or
Likewise, there is considerable evidence that some candidates for office, as well
as some in office, have found it quite convenient to forget that information and facts
about the dairy industry is readily available from those engaged in that industry.
If newspaper and magazine publishers are entitled to what they call "the freedom
of the press" to print the news . it would seem that such freedom would carry
with it "the obligation" to publish both sides of the news and "the facts" as pre-
sented by both sides of controversial issues.
The proper functions of editorials is discussed in a recent editorial of The
Florida Times-Union of Jacksonville.
This editor says "the basic function of the editorial may be summed up under
the editorialist's duty to inform, provoke thought and occasionally amuse". This
editor says further that "the editorial writer is on his safest ground (and we assume
he means ethical grounds) when he refrains from pronouncing and instead "provokes
the reader's own thoughts . the editorial writer's educational function is best per-
formed when he can enlist the active participation of the reader in the consideration
of a public problem."
A surprising opinion concerning "Freedom of the Press" was expressed recently
by a prominent Florida attorney, long a State Senator, speaking at a Tampa meeting
of lawyers. This attorney was quoted by the Tampa Tribune as saying, "A 'venomous
press' coupled with 'fawning' public officials and judges who bend rulings 'on press
demands' make a legal fiction of a person's right to a fair trial."
The speaker predicted that "unless a halt is called to this invincible power of the
press, our democratic form of government is bound to be weakened, if not under-
mined, and this under the guise of a free press."
The respect which a national magazine publisher shows for the truth in an article
published condeming the price of milk and the dairy industry may be judged from
the following statements of persons whose names were used in the article:
Frank R. Neu, Publicity Director, American Dairy Association, was misquoted.
In a letter to Colliers Mr. Neu wrote "The Statement attributed to me was never
made by me."
A dairy in South Dakota wrote to Colliers to state that, "You quoted a Dr. Glenn
C. Holme, Dean of the School of Agriculture at the South Dakota Agricultural
College. Please be advised that there is no such man in this great state of South
Dakota nor has he ever been employed in the capacity you mentioned."
Gordon Zimmerman of the National Grange, who was misquoted, stated in letters
written to both Colliers and the Rhode Island Grange, that the Colliers article was a
complete misinterpretation and exaggeration of his remarks about the Rhode Island
An editor of Memphis, Tennessee wrote concerning this magazine article: "This
intemperate article will do the dairy industry a great deal of harm without offering
one single constructive thought to a highly complex situation . It is unfortunate
that the author muffed an opportunity to conduct a serious and sensible discussion
of a real problem by using such an absurd title as 'Why Not 12-Cent Milk' and by
making unrelated statements that have no bearing on anything he is trying to prove."
VOL. 5 NO. 4
FOURTH QUARTER 1955
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
E. T. LAY, Editor & Business Manager
Official Publication of
Florida Dairy Association
C. D. WAYNE. President
Florida Guernsey Cattle Club
W. A. BOUTWELL, SR., President
Florida Jersey Cattle Club
A. T. ALVAREZ, SR., President
Florida Holstein Cattle Club
W. HERMAN BOYD, SR., President
Fla. Assn. of Milk Sanitarians
DR. H. H. ROTHE, President
FLORIDA DAIRY ASSOCIATION
Officers and Executive Committee
E. T. LAY, Executive Director
C. D. WAYNE, President
Southern Dairies, Inc., Miami
GEO. F. JOHNSON, 1st V. Pres. & Chrmn.
Producers' Division, West Palm Beach
T. G. LEE, 2nd V. Pres. & Chrmn.
Distributors' Division, Orlando
BILL GRAHAM, Miami
JOHN SERGEANT, Lakeland
L. B. HULL, Gainesville
W. J. BARRITT, JR., Tampa
GORDON NIELSEN, lestt Palm Beach
J. N. MCARTHUR. Miami
THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS is
published quarterly by the Florida Dairy
Association, 220 Newnan St., Jacksonville,
Florida. Subscription price is $1.00 a year.
Entered as second class mail at the Post
Office at Jacksonville, Fla., under Act of
March 3, 1879, as amended.
Business and Editorial office, 220 New-
nan Street, Jacksonville.
i jAS SO Ci TIN
Member Florida Press Association
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 3
A Tribute to
DR. RAYMOND BROWN BECKER
Dairy Husbandman, Department of Dairy Science, University of Florida
Through the years, the Florida Dairy Association has developed a number of different methods of giving recognition to and
honoring those within and closely associated with the dairy industry for meritorious service or outstanding achievements and
leadership in or beneficial to the industry.
Recognition and awards are made through certificates, plaques and trophies to 4-H and F.F.A. leaders in dairy programs
and shows. Winning trophies are awarded top dairy exhibitors at the State Fair and in the Annual State Dairy Pasture Contest.
Outstanding industry leadership has been recognized since 1947 by election of 13 members to the Association's "Order
of Bell Cows." Two members have been made Honorary Directors and two have been elected Honorary Members. Thirteen
4-H and F.F.A. members have been elected F.D.A. Honorary Junior Members.
DR. R. B. BECKER is the third to be honored with "Honorary Membership." The first to be so honored was the late
Dr. J. Hillis Miller who was president of the University of Florida at the time of his election. The second is Dr. John S. Allen,
Vice President of the University of Florida, who was elected during the time he was serving as acting president of the University.
F. D. A. RESOLUTION
WHEREAS, The members of the dairy industry have long
believed in and practiced the recognition of loyal and merito-
rious service and leadership among their fellow workers, and
WHEREAS, It is the desire and established policy of the
Florida Dairy Association to likewise recognize and honor
those who from time to time distinguish themselves through
their outstanding service and leadership in the affairs and de-
velopment of the dairy industry, and
WHEREAS, The Board of Directors of the Florida Dairy
Association, by unanimous vote, desires, on behalf of the Flori-
da Dairy Industry, to honor and give suitable recognition to the
outstanding achievements as well as the long and valuable serv-
ices and leadership which have been rendered the dairy industry
both in the State of Florida and nationally by Dr. R. B. Becker,
Dairy Husbandman of the University of Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station. and
WHEREAS, Dr. Becker through his keen and sincere in-
terest in the solution of the problems and the development of
the dairy industry, as well as through his personal attention to
and participation for over a quarter of a century in the various
4 0 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
events and programs in dairy research, training and education
under the auspices of the University of Florida, has endeared
himself to the members of the dairy industry and all who have
been associated with him; now, therefore,
BE IT RESOLVED That the Board of Directors and the
membership of the Florida Dairy Association in recognition
of his achievements and in appreciation for the valuable serv-
ices which he has rendered the dairy industry do hereby adopt
and certify for publication the accompanying tribute to Dr.
R. B. Becker, and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED That Dr. R. B. Becker be
and is hereby elected to "Honorary Life Membership" in the
Florida Dairy Association as the highest honor and tribute
which may be accorded by our Association.
Florida Dairy Association, Inc.
C. D. WAYNE, President
E. T. "Andy" LAY, Executive Secretary
Adopted November 2, 1955
at the 20th Annual Dairy Field Day Meeting
University of Florida, Gainesville
The Florida Dairy Association wishes to recognize and honor an outstanding national
dairy leader who has been working for the dairy industry in Florida for orer a quarler
of a century.
Dr. Raymond Brown Becker, well known and loved by
Florida dairymen, was born and grew up in Northeast Iowa.
He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree from Iowa
State College in the class of 1916. He was in California on
a pure-bred Guernsey breeding estate at the outbreak of World
War I and entered the U. S. Army. While in France, he was
the victim of a mustard gas attack which nearly ended his
career. Following hospitalization, he returned to Iowa State
College and completed dairy work for a Master of Science de-
gree in 1920. He was for some time with the Kansas State
Institutions in dairying before he went to Minnesota to study
under the guidance of the late Dr. C. H. Eckles for the degree
Doctor of Philosophy. He had an instructorship while doing
graduate work at Minnesota and his doctorate discertation dealt
with mineral matter in bovine nutrition.
As Associate Professor of Dairying at Oklahoma A. & M.
College, between 1925 and 1929, he taught dairy courses and
carried on several lines of experimental investigations among
which was research project with cottonseed meal. This project
was continued many years by other workers after he left Okla-
homa to come to Florida in 1929.
At the time Dr. Becker came to Florida, "salt-sick" or
nutritional anemia, calcium and phosphorus deficiencies were
limiting factors to the welfare of all Florida cattle. From 1930
to 1937 he wrote 13 journal articles and 9 station bulletins on
the mineral requirements of cattle which provided solutions
to many of the serious problems confronting the dairy and beef
industries of Florida.
He was instrumental in pioneering the use of citrus by-
products for cattle feed. This was a great help to the citrus
canning industry during its infancy when disposal of waste pro-
ducts was a costly expense.
Many fields of dairy research have claimed Dr. Becker's at-
tention. He has published several papers regarding the genetic
factors responsible for certain body abnormalities of cattle. The
history of dairy breeds of cattle and the many factors responsi-
ble for their development in their native home has been a life-
long interest. A trip to Europe was made in 1938 to get origi-
nal data and study dairy conditions in the British Isles, the
Channel Islands, Denmark, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, and
France. A book length manuscript has been prepared and addi-
tions are being made from time to time, but no publication date
has been set. Feeding value of Florida-produced feedstuffs has
been a consistent subject of investigation. Due to unfavorable
hay making weather during periods of maximum forage growth,
extensive experimentation with silages has been made over a
20-year period so as to provide roughage for cows during pe-
riods of pasture inadequacy. In physiology he made a study of
bovine fetal development, of reproductive disfunctions of cows,
of synthetic hormone responses in lactation, and the develop-
ment of the calf's digestive tract. In an attempt to determine
the useful lifespan and causes of losses of dairy bulls, he has
catalogued the histories of thousands of dairy bulls used in the
United States and Canada in both natural and artificial service.
Over the past 15 years requests for help in overcoming
low butterfat tests at certain times of the year have come to
the Dairy Science Department. Under the leadership of Dr.
Becker, and with the help of the whole staff and of many other
agencies, feeding practices have been developed to offset this
deficiency, but the experimental study will continue further.
Nearly all of the undergraduate students in the College of
Agriculture during the past 20 years have been in the Feeds
and Feeding class which Dr. Becker regularly teaches. Few
have failed the course but all have learned to study. Those who
elect Advanced Dairy Breeds have the best qualified teacher
in the country. Graduate students burn much midnight oil under
his guidance and continue to be amazed when he advises them
from memory to look up references by volume and chapter in
hundreds of publications in the library. Candidates for ad-
vanced degrees perspire freely when he questions them during
oral examinations. County Agricultural Agents and extension
specialists have sought his advice and counsel over the years.
In spite of the prodigious amount of work done in Florida,
Dr. Becker has contributed liberally to regional and national
dairying through committee work and as director and officer of
professional societies. He has served as director and president
of the Southern Section of the Dairy Science Association and
of the parent organization, the American Dairy Science Asso-
ciation. In 1952 he was cited by the Southern Agricultural
Workers for outstanding contributions to dairying in the South.
In 1953, he was awarded the Borden Award at the national
meeting of the American Dairy Science Association for out-
standing achievements in Dairy Production Research.
Those who have had the privilege of knowing Dr. Becker
speak of him as a leader, investigator extraordinary, inspiring
teacher, untiring worker, qualified advisor, friend and gentle-
In recognition of these achievements of Dr. Becker, and in
appreciation for the valuable service which he has rendered the
dairy industry of Florida, the Board of Directors of the Flor-
ida Dairy Association on behalf of its members and of the Dairy
Industry as a whole, has elected him to Honorary Life Member-
ship, which is the Association's highest honor and tribute.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 5
The Florida Dairy Association
DR. RAYMOND BROWN BECKER
This beautiful 35 foot trailer is the new Mobile Milk Products Laboratory purchased recently and now being prepared for use by the
Dairy Inspection Department of the Florida State Department of Agriculture. Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan Mayo (right) and the
Agriculture Department's Chief Dairy Supervisor Alex Shaw are seen inspecting the laboratory's modern and latest scientific equipment
for testing milk and milk products.
Novel $16,000 Mobile Milk Laboratory
Will Aid In Milk Quality Control
A long time ambition of Florida's Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan Mayo and
his staff of Dairy Supervisors for faster and better laboratory testing of milk and
milk products will be realized when the Department's newly acquired Mobile Dairy
Laboratory is put into operation January first.
The new laboratory unit complete with all necessary technical equipment, shown
in the accompanying pictures, was displayed to the dairy industry for the first time
during the recent Annual Dairy Field Day meeting at the University of Florida,
The trailer-laboratory purchased from
the Wyatt Trailer Co., Ocala, Florida at milk and milk products, whether they con-
an approximate cost of $16,000.00, will tain sugar or not.
be operated under the direction of Chief The Mojonnier Tester which is used
Dairy Supervisor Alex G. Shaw by J. D. for determining fat and total solids of all
Dennis, a specialist in bacteriology and milk and milk products.
chemistry, who holds B.S. and M.S. de- The Autoclave which is used for sterili-
grees from Ohio State University. zation nf differen- cnltre mrel, a watr r
Mr. Shaw states that the use of the
mobile laboratory will make possible the
testing of a great many more milk and
milk products samples and with such
greater speed than has been possible in
the past by the State Laboratory in Talla-
The laboratory will operate from area
to area along with the dairy inspectors
making possible immediate testing of
samples and prompt notices to dairy
farmers and dairy and ice cream plants of
any conditions which should be corrected.
This plan, Mr. Shaw feels, will help to
further improve existing high quality
standards of Florida dairy products.
Following are some of the modern sci-
entific equipment which are installed in
the new mobile milk laboratory:
The Cryoscope which is used for detect-
ing a violation known as added water to
natural milk. That is, water that has been
added in addition to the water which is
naturally contained in milk.
The Gerber Tester which is used for
ascertaining the percentage of butterfat in
for dilution purposes, and some equip-
ment under steam pressure used for bac-
The Hot Air Sterilizer which is used
for dry heat sterilization of equipment
used in bacterological work.
The Incubator which is used in the
growth of bacteria at regulated tempera-
The Colony Counter which is used in
counting the number of organisms on
plates used in the growth of bacteria for
milk and milk products.
Another special item is a scale that
weighs items up to 1/10,000 of a gram,
found only in the finest milk laboratories
of the country.
Other special equipment includes a 3/4
ton air conditioner unit, an 8 cubic foot
Frigidaire Refrigerator, stainless steel
wash sinks, hot water heater, lighting
facilities and 220 and 110 volt wiring for
the various electrical units needed.
Old uol've never die-their eyesight just
Florida Feed Law Changes
Effective January First
The Florida Commercial Feed Law,
under which the Commissioner of Agri-
culture enforces weights and quality
standards of commercial livestock and
poultry feeds, was substantially amended
by the 1955 legislature.
The principal changes in the law which
become effective January 1st, 1956 are
(1) Low feeding value materials may
be included in certain roughage feeds as
provided by regulation.
(2) Registration may be cancelled for
(3) Provision is made for guarantee
of minerals, vitamins, drugs and other
(4) The annual registration has been
replaced by permanent registration.
(5) The monthly reporting system
may be changed to quarterly, or other,
interval at the discretion d6 the Com-
missioner and the bond may be increased
when necessary to cover a longer report-
(6) Provision is made for hearings
before regulations are promulgated.
(7) Criminal penalties are essentially
the same as before but automatic civil
penalties for protein, fat, fiber and short
weight are provided. These civil penal-
ties will be payable to the consumer when
he can be located.
Florida dairymen pay a feed inspection
fee of 25 cents per ton on all commer-
cial feeds purchased, which is estimated
to total $225,000.00 annually.
"Why all the newe saudust oni the floor?'
the cowboy asked the bartender of the Wild
"That ain't saudust," replies the barkeep,
"that's last night's furniture."
6 0 FLORIDa DAIRY NEWS
Notice To Dairy Industry
Re: Importing of Cattle
The Florida Livestock Board has re-
quested the Dairy News to announce to
the dairy industry the following proposed
regulation regarding Brucellosis control
in cattle to be shipped into Florida:
The Board desires the views of Florida
dairymen before voting on the adoption
of the regulation at their December meet-
"A regulation requiring that after Jan-
uary 1, 1958, all cattle entering the
State must be accompanied by a certifi-
cate of official calf vaccination, with the
a. Cattle originating in certified bru-
cellosis free herds which are negative to
test within 30 days prior to date of entry.
"b. Cattle shipped under special per-
mit from the State Veterinarian of Flor-
ida which are negative to test within 30
days prior to the date of entry, subject
to isolation at destination for a period of
30 days, and negative to test at the end
of the 30-day isolation period.
c. Steers, spayed heifers, immediate
slaughter cattle, and calves under six
months of age.
"d. Exhibition cattle moving under
special permit which have been negative
to test within 30 days prior to date of
Will dairymen please express your views to
the Florida Dairy Association or to the Florida
Livestock Board, Tallahassee, not later than
Dairy Hats Are Off
To Daily News Writer
To Miami Daily News staff writer
Wm. C. Bischoff, who wrote on October
5th the most thorough, informed analy-
sis we have seen of the probable results
of the Milk Commission's lifting of milk
price controls in Florida, the dairy in-
dustry owes a vote of thanks. It also
owes a vote of thanks to the "Capital
Post" of Tallahassee for reprinting this
article in full in their edition of October
Mr. Bischoff's article, which he said
was based on a 12-year study, made the
prediction that "The Milk Row May
Boost Prices Here".
Bischoff warned Miami milk consum-
ers: "If you're looking forward to a
milk war, mark your calendar for next
spring. That's when there'll be surplus
milk. But enjoy it while it lasts, you'll
pay for it later."
He further cautioned, "If you do buy
milk at a big price cut, when the price
war comes, CHECK it with the Health
Department before serving it."
(A reprint of the above-mentioned article
may he secured from the Florida Dairy Asso-
(OUR FAVORITE FOR FORTY YEARS
The economical, quick-acting bactericide
for sanitizing dairy utensils.
B-K Department, Pennsylvania Salt Mfg. Co.
EAST: Three Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia 2, Pa.
WEST: Woolsey Bldg., 2168 Shattuck Ave., Berkeley 4, Calif.
TODAY'S BEST PROVED SIRES WILL
BUILD TOMORROW'S BEST HERDS
"Favorite" was purchased from Paul
Lofton, Ninety-Six, S. C., in January,
1955, for A.B.S. Carmel Stud; Daugh-
ters of "Favorite" have increased milk -
1,465 lbs. and Butterfat 84 lbs.- "
compared to their dams.
FIVE DAUGHTERS OF "FAVORITE"
These cows, all daughters of "Favorite"
have helped Mr. Lofton's Herd to be-
come one of the best Jersey Herds in
325 North W
Bet's Design Favorite Ex. Sr. Sup. Sire
His ABS Proof:
12 dams, 43 recs.
9321 M 5.08% 469 B.F.
12 daus., 15 recs.
1069 M 5.17% B.F.
+1465 M .09% +84 B.F.
Am. Index, 12 prs.
12161 M 5.26% 640 B.F.
How would you like to own the five
cows pictured to your left? You can't,
but you can raise cows like them if you
breed your present cows to "Favorite."
DERS SERVICE Studs at
1e0 ll Carmel, Indiana
ells Street Madison, Wisconsin
10, iii. Palo Alto, California
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 0 7
u IIOR TATE FAIR'
11... anld i SPilRIL LLI SSO CIT 11. J.IU
Florida State Fair Plans Biggest Dairy Show
C. W. REAVES, State Extension Dairyman
The Florida State Fair, in co-operation with the State pure breed dairy cattle
associations is planning its top dairy show for the 1956 Florida State Fair. The Fair
will run from Tuesday, January 31 through Saturday, February 11 with the dairy
show scheduled the first week, Tuesday, January 31 to Saturday, February 4.
The West Coast 4-H and FFA Dairy Show will kick off the dairy judging at
the State Fair Grounds. This ninth annual show, sponsored by the Tampa Chamber
of Commerce, will be held at the State Fair cattle barn on January 28, the Saturday
preceding the opening of the State Fair.
The Blue and Red Group animals of
the 4-H Division of the West Coast Show
will represent the 4-H Division of the
State Fair Youth Dairy Show and will
be held over for the entire Dairy Show
Week. The FFA will have a show open
to all counties of the state. It is expected
that approximately 100 animals will be
exhibited in the State Fair Youth Dairy
Mr. J. C. Huskisson, State Fair Manag-
er and Mr. M. E. Twedell the new Assist-
ant Manager with experience with other
large fairs, and the livestock committee
are working for a great dairy show at the
1956 Florida State Fair. T. W. Sparks,
Assistant Extension Dairyman and cap-
able 1955 Dairy Show Superintendent
will again serve in that capacity with El-
ton Hinton, Vocational Agriculture In-
structor, as Assistant Superintendent.
COLEBANK TO JUDGE
The State Fair Dairy Show judging
starts on the morning the Fair opens,
Tuesday January 31. L. O. Colebank of
Knoxville, Tennessee will judge all
breeds. Colebank was Extension Dairy-
man in Tennessee until he resigned to
accept a full time job of type classifica-
tion for the American Guernsey Cattle
Club. In this capacity, he has covered
the United States classifying many top
Guernsey herds. He has also been an
official classifier for the Jersey breed.
He has judged such nationally known
shows as the Jersey Jug and the Interna-
tional Dairy Show Guernseys.
GUERNSEYS MIDWINTER CLASSIC
Sparked by the Florida Guernsey Cattle
Club and its individual members, the
Guernsey show is expected to be the
largest show of a dairy breed in the
history of the State Fair. Upward of
eight out-of-state Guernsey herds are ex-
pected from Georgia, North and South
Carolina, Virginia, and possibly Texas.
Many Florida Guernsey herds will swell
the show and help make it the outstand-
ing southeastern Guernsey Show and
possibly the greatest mid-winter event of
the breed in the nation. W. P. Waldrep
of Hollywood, Boutwell and Matheson
of Lake Worth and Stuart, Walter Schmid
of Sarasota, Carroll L. Ward Senior and
Junior of Winter Park, L. H. Sellers of
St. Petersburg, Dinsmore Dairy (last
year's Premier Breeder and Exhibitor)
and other Florida Guernsey breeders are
expected. Guernseys will be judged
Thursday, February 2.
The Jersey Show should see some out-
of-state herds as well as some of the best
Florida herds on hand. Some are ex-
pected from Northwest Florida for the
first time. Judging will take place on
Wednesday February 1. A Florida Jersey
Cattle Club meeting will be held during
The Ayrshire show has been designated
a Regional Ayrshire Show by the national
association which is contributing $250
to be added to the Open Ayrshire pre-
mium list. It should be a good Ayrshire
Show again this year. The annual Ayr-
shire Sale will take place on Friday Feb-
ruary 3 in the Nathan Mayo Livestock
A limited number of Holsteins will
be on hand. Ayrshire and Holstein Judg-
ing Day will be on Tuesday January 31.
Tentative plans are underway for
meetings of each of the state breed clubs
at the time of the Fair. The milking
parlor at the front of the Cattle Show
building will be in operation again. It
attracts attention of fair-goers throughout
the week as they crowd in front of the
plate glass side of the milking parlor and
observe the sanitary method by which
nature's most nearly perfect food is se-
cured. It is equal to a zoo attraction for
curiosity-seekers and also presents a prac-
tical lesson of the source of an item of
food that helps sell the dairy industry
to the public.
PARADE OF CHAMPIONS
The various awards and trophies will
be presented the dairy show champions
of each breed at the Parade of Champions
in the Livestock Arena at 5:00 Thursday
evening February 2, the last day of judg-
ing, when honor will be paid the kings
and queens of the Florida State Dairy
WHY SHOW AT THE STATE FAIR
Any state fair has an attraction of
its own. The hustle and bustle of all de-
partments to present a show window to
the world of their respective enterprises
or products, the friendly competition with
one's fellow breeders, the hard work that
precedes the fair and the endless hours
to keep the cattle nicely presented at the
Fair all contribute to the sport and en-
thusiasm for the event that adds a high
point in the year's dairy activities of every
day work back on the home farms. Our
herd and our breed will have been shown
to other Florida people, to the vast num-
ber of visitors to the Fair, all customers
of the dairy industry to some degree, and
perhaps to a number of friends from the
West Indies, Central, and South America.
These countries are importing many pure-
bred cattle. With the benefit of the
United States programs and the geo-
graphical and climatic nearness to our
neighbors to the South, Florida breeders
have a great potential market for breed-
ing cattle in the future as we develop
more good cattle and can add an addi-
tional source of income from sale of pure
bred cattle. An outstanding dairy show
at the State Fair is an excellent place to
present our Florida dairy cattle which
are making excellent day-by-day records
on our farms.
8 0 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
FLORIDA MILK PRICES
NOT NATION'S HIGHEST
Notwithstanding the claims of a few
crusading newspaper editors who are
making false claims about the price of
milk in Florida being the highest in the
nation, the facts are (as shown by U. S.
Government price data below) that sev-
eral areas have milk prices higher than
Florida prices and some of these prices
are for a lower butterfat milk than Flor-
Still others have milk prices as high as
The following table of milk prices is
quoted from the U. S. Department of
Agriculture monthly Fluid Milk and
Cream Report issued October 16 (Tables
1 and 4): (Prices are for Standard Milk
of the area or "Grade A" Pasteurized)
Tampa (Not in Gov't.
Fall River, Mass.
Newport, R. I.
Providence, R. I.
Atlantic City, N. J.
Asheville, N. C.
New York City
Washington, D. C.
* AVERAGE 28 Cities 261/2
* AVERAGE 3 FLORIDA CITIES 26
* It should be noted that 9 of the above cities
have milk of 3/10% to 5/10% lower cream
content than Florida milk.
Not commonly known by milk con-
sumers is the fact that a quart of milk
is 2.15 pounds as compared to other
foods usually purchased by the pound.
Likewise, few realize the amount of
milk used in the production of various
dairy products which is as follows:
2.15 pounds in a quart of milk.
4.6 pounds in a gallon of ice cream.
1 pound of butter uses the fat from
20 pounds of milk.
1 pound of cheese uses about 10
pounds of milk. (Some differences
depending on varieties.)
I pound of evaporated milk uses 2.2
pounds of milk.
12.5 pounds of dry whole milk use 100
pounds of whole milk.
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FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 0 9
Florida 4-H Dairy Judging Team
Competes In National 4-H Contest
The 1955 Florida 4-H Dairy Judging Team recently competed in the National
4-H Dairy Cattle Judging Contest held in connection with the National Dairy
Cattle Congress in Waterloo, Iowa early in October. Florida's team was selected at
a final State Contest in June and was composed of Pleas Strickland and C. C. Sellers
of Tallahassee, Nancy Buchholtz, Dinsmore and Clifford Flood, Yulee.
The 4-H'ers, T. W. Sparks, team coach, The group also visited the excavated In-
Ed Thomaston, Leon County Assistant The group also visited the excavated In-
Ed Thomaston, Leon County Assistant dian mounds in western Kentucky, and
Agent, and Miss Emily King, State 4-H while enroute through St. Louis we a
Girls Agent, made the fifteen day trip tended the Veiled Prophet Parade. This
The group observed the Dairy Exhibit at attraction is something like the Gasparilla
the Mid-South Fair in Memphis, Tennes-
see, and visited dairy farms in Illinois and parade held in Tampa each year. Other
attractions too numerous to mention were
Iowa for further practice. The team
placed 22 in the national contest. Pleas observed.
Strickland placed eleventh in Brown Swiss The trip is much sought after by the
and Nancy Buchholtz placed eleventh in 4-H'ers carrying dairy projects and it is
Aryshires. one of the highlights of 4-H dairy
Visits were made enroute to several achievements.
places of interest. Some of which were The trip to the National Contest is
the Eastern Iowa Artificial Breeding As- sponsored by the Florida Times-Union,
sociation. Here the group observed bulls the Florida Dairy Association, The Florida
of seven breeds, methods of collecting Jersey and Guernsey Cattle Clubs, and by
and storing semen, and something about the State Department of Agriculture. This
the research on frozen semen. Cotton year the trip was made in a lovely station
farms in the Mid-South and grain farms wagon furnished by the Leon County
in the Mid-West were very interesting. Board of County Commissioners.
Union County Wins District 4-H Dairy Show
Sponsored By Sears at Live Oak
Five 4-H Club members representing Union County took the top scores in the
six-county 4th District 4-H Club dairy show at the Suwannee County Fair at Live
Oak, October 21st. Members of the Union County group were Jerry Lascola, Blair
Harrison, Charles Harrison, Rodney Tucker, and Ray Carl Brown. Their 4-H club
work is directed by County Agent W. J. Cowen.
The Lafayette County quintent of 4-H'ers and their animals took second place
with a total score of 427.8, just .4 of a point behind the winners. Others in order
were Columbia, Suwannee, Dixie, and Hamilton Counties, with only 15 points differ-
ence between first and sixth place.
Outstanding Show Record books were in good shape. The
members and their county agricultural
It was one of the best district 4-H agents had enthusiasm for the project.
dairy events in the state. The 4-H mem- This and good sportsmanship make any
bers had taken good care of their animals event more meaningful and enjoyable.
and had trained and fitted them well. The stands were filled with parents and
10 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
The Florida 4-H Dairy Judging Team
delegation are shown during practice judging
on the Ayrshire Farm of Mr. Paul McDonald
and Son, Princeton, Illinois. Left to right:
Miss Emily King, State 4-H Girls' Agent;
Clifford Flood, Nancy Buchholtz, Pleas
Strickland, C. C. Sellers, Jr.; Ed Thomaston,
Leon County Assistant Agent, and T. W.
Sparks, (coach) Assistant State Extension
Dairyman, University of Florida.
others who were interested spectators
throughout the judging.
It is of interest to note that four of
the six counties including first place
Union county have developed their 4-H
dairy program by the placement of baby
dairy calves exclusively the last two
years. The other two counties have used
baby calves partly. The calves were se-
cured at three to five days old mostly
from cooperating dairymen in Ft. Laud-
erdale and Jacksonville.
In the 4-H dairy cattle judging con-
test, Columbia County's team ranked
first. Team members were Bobby Por-
ter, Keath Mayfield, S. Adele Crawford,
and Bonnie Crawford, second and third
county teams in order were Suwannee
and Dixie. Top five individuals in the
judging contest were Bobby Porter, Co-
lumbia County; Jackson Berry, Suwan-
nee; Adele Crawford, Columbia; Jerry
Lascola, Union; and Billie Foster, Su-
Plan of Sears' 4-H Shows
The significant feature of the Sears-
sponsored 4-H dairy show is that it is
not just a cattle show, but the 4-H mem-
bers are scored on record book 20%,
fitting 20%, showmanship 20%, and
animal 40%. This special district 4-H
project is sponsored by Sears Roebuck
Foundation, which puts a total of
$1,000.00 into the county and district
events, $125 to each of the six counties
and $250 to the District contest. Each
of the counties hold county shows prior
to the district show and five highest
scoring members in each county event
take their animals and represent the
county in the district event. The Sears
Foundation sponsors a similar 4-H dairy
project in District III. It sponsored the
District VII project in central Florida
from 1947 through 1954, when the Or-
lando Sentinel became the sponsor.
Top scoring members in the district
show were Jerry Lascola, Union County;
Adele Crawford, Columbia; Edna Fay
Jackson, Lafayette; Fred Gaylord, Suwan-
nee; Charles Harrison, Union; Bobby
Porter, Columbia; Melvin Driggers,
Dixie; Rodney Tucker, Union; Bonnie
Crawford, Columbia; and Pasco Jack-
son of Lafayette.
(Continued on page 11)
Florida 4-H Dairy Exhibit
Wins Honors At Mid-South Fair
By: C. W. REAVES
State Extension Dairyman. University of Florida
The Florida 4-H dairy cattle exhibit at the Mid-South
National Junior Dairy Show in Memphis, Tennessee, September
24 to October 1, took first place in the Herdsmen's Contest,
Appearance of the cattle in the group throughout the week-long
show was the basis on which the award was made. Competition
was against Junior dairy groups from eight other states.
The Florida group included 17 Jersey animals owned by 15
Florida' 4-H members in Polk, Orange, Duval, Nassau, Leon
and Jackson counties.
Herdsmen at the show were Ernest Fischer, Orange County
4-H members; Earl Crutchfield, Jackson County 4-H member;
Al Cribbett, Orange County assistant agent, and C. W. Reaves,
Extension Service Dairyman.
Florida won sixth and eighth in the Jersey State Group class.
Blue Group ribbons were won by Martin Schack of Greenwood,
Tommie Prator of Callahan, Gail Williams of Winter Haven
and Linda Stuart of Bartow. Gail Williams also placed tenth
in the "Best Bred by Exhibitor" class. Robin Alverez's cow
received the top Production Group award for cows with a
mature equivalent record of over 500 pounds butterfat.
In the 4-H dairy judging contest at the Mid-South Fair, the
two Florida county teams placed second and third among 28
county teams participating.
The Orange County team, Ernest Fischer, Olin Fischer,
Sandra Dennison, and Brenda Dennison, with Cribbett as coach,
The Jackson County team, Martin Schack, Earl Crutchfield,
Thomas Stadsklev and Milton Pittman, coached by L. D. Taylor,
assistant county agent, placed third.
Thirty-four 4-H dairy club members and parents were
present on the Junior Jersey Show Day, so that the club mem-
bers showed their own animals and benefitted from participation
in and observation of an outstanding dairy cattle show.
The cattle were housed in the new all-metal ultra-modern
800-cow cattle barn of the Mid-South Fair. J. K. Stuart of
Bartow provided a semi-trailer truck for taking the cattle to
Memphis. The Florida Jersey Cattle Club and the Florida
Dairy Association helped sponsor the Florida exhibit.
Union County Wins 4-H Show
(Continued from page 10)
Mrs. Lillian Whigham of Sears' Sales office in Lake City
presented the cash awards in the show ring. Co-sponsors with
Sears' Foundation for the district show were the State Depart-
ment of Agriculture and the Suwannee County Fair.
i Judges were C. W. Reaves, Extension Dairyman for animals,
W. W. Brown, State 4-H Agent for record books, and W. J.
Platt, District Agent, Agricultural Extension Service, for fitting
and showmanship. Paul Crews, Suwannee County Agent and
F. A. McMillan, Jr., Assistant County Agent were in charge of
arrangements for the show.
Special breed awards to grand champions were won by Mel-
vin.Driggers of Dixie, for Jerseys; Bonnie Mae Crawford of
Columbia, for Guernseys; and Edna Fay Jackson of LaFayette,
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FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 11
Girls Win 2nd and 3rd Prize Awards 2nd PRIZE ESSAY
Fourteen year old Patty Judge of Day-
tona Beach won 2nd prize of $15.00 and
eleven year old Beverly Battle of Braden-
ton won 3rd prize of $10.00 in the
Florida Dairy Association Teen-Age Es-
say Contest on "Why I Drink Milk".
The contest was sponsored through the
special "Home Edition" of the Associa-
tion's Florida Dairy News magazine, of
which 95,000 were distributed through-
out the State.
George Collins, age 12 of Perry, Flor-
ida won the 1st prize award of $25.00
and his essay was published in the 3rd
Quarter issue of the Dairy News.
The contest was limited to participants
under 16 years of age and to an essay of
not over 200 words.
All contestants other than the three
top winners received honorable mention
by the judges, a $1.00 consolation prize
and a special invitation to visit their
favorite local dairy farm and milk and
ice cream plant as a guest of the manager.
Judges of the contest were: Dr. E. L.
Fouts, Head of the Dept. of Dairy
Science, University of Florida and Dr.
H. H. Wilkowske, Dr. L. E. Mull and
Prof. Walter Krienke, all associated with
the University Dept. of Dairy Science.
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I N C RP R A T E D
P .II MUTUAL 2-1291- P.O.BOX 912. LAKELAND, FL
11*~ *P 7
In Teen-Age $50. Milk Essay Contest
12 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
WHY I DRINK MILK
By: Patty Judge
Because I really like it.
I am fourteen years old, and the
height of my ambition when I am grown,
is to have a beautiful complexion, bright
sparkling eyes, hair, and teeth, and a
These things I
know milk will help
When I am tired,
a glass of cold milk
When I am hun-
gry between meals,
(as are most grow-
ing girls) I drink
PATTY J E milk or have it in
PAITTY JUDGE some other form, ice
cream, a custard or milk shake. Then
my regular meals are never spoiled.
These days our dairymen are so par-
ticular and strict about the ways of pro-
ducing and processing our milk, no one
need worry about its quality and good-
I prefer milk to any other drink and
am fortunate to be able to have all I
So, it's milk for me, and me for milk:
That's why "I Drink Milk".
P.S. What would our mothers do with-
out milk when cooking our meals and
at meal time?
3rd PRIZE ESSAY
WHY I DRINK MILK
By: Beverly Battle
I drink milk because it is the world's
most important food, and I love it. I
have drank it since I was born, and
nothing else can take its place. Milk
has fat and carbohy-
drates in it which
gives our bodies en-
ergy and heat. It
which builds our
muscles. Milk furn-
ishes us minerals,
calcium and phos-
phorus which builds
BATLE our bones and teeth.
It is also rich with
vitamins A, B2, and D. Mother says it
takes 4/5 lb. of beefsteak to match a
quart of milk in food value. I am so
glad that it is so good for us because it is
my favorite drink and my meals would
not be complete without it.
The Florida Dairy Association has re-
cently taken a very strong position favor-
ing continuing the present programs of
the State Livestock Board for the pre-
vention, control and eradication of Mas-
titis and Brucellosis in Florida cattle.
An announcement by the U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture some weeks ago
that Federal funds appropriated for
Brucellosis control work in Florida were
to be discontinued brought about a meet-
ing of the Livestock Board with repre-
sentatives of the Florida Dairy Associa-
tion, the Florida Cattlemen's Association,
Florida Veterinarians and Florida repre-
sentatives of the U.S.D.A. in animal
Out of this meeting came a decision
to petition the U.S.D.A. and Florida
members of Congress for re-instatement
of Federal Brucellosis control funds for
Florida and, in addition, to prepare for
asking the 1957 Florida legislature to
appropriate more funds for cattle disease
Governor Appoints Committee
Governor Collins, acting upon a rec-
ommendation of the interested groups,
announced on October 18th the appoint-
ment of a special state-wide committee
on Brucellosis control. This eleven-mem-
ber committee was asked to co-ordinate
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AYRSHIRE SALE: Florida State Fair, Fri-
day, Feb. 3, 1956, 7:30 P.M., Mayo Arena.
Consignments from Show Cattle. Ayrshires
heaviest producers of 4% milk. Catalogs. Bill
Carpenter, Rutherfordton, North Carolina.
REGISTERED SERVICE AGE MILKING -
SHORTHORN BULLS. Championship stock,
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Very Good and Excellent. Write for prices or
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$50.00 per ton F.O.B. our ranch, or we will
ship to you at small additional cost. SQUARE
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the activities in Florida aimed at eradi-
cation of brucellosis, commonly known
as bangs disease.
Appointed on the committee were: H.
G. Clayton, director of the Florida Ex-
tension Division, University of Florida
and U.S.D.A., Chairman; V. C. Johnson,
Jacksonville and Bill Graham, Miami,
dairy representatives; Dr. Karl Owens,
Gainesville, veterinary representative; Sid
Crochet, Clewiston, Gilbert Tucker, Co-
coa and Carl Sillman, Earleton, beef cat-
tle representatives; Dr. J. E. Scatterday,
State Board of Health, Jacksonville; Dr.
T. H. Applewhite, U. S. Department of
Agriculture, Jacksonville; Dr. H. H.
Rothe, State Department of Agriculture,
Gainesville; and Dr. C. L. Campbell,
State veterinarian, Tallahassee.
RIGHT UP MY ALLEY
Tuo Texas girls were talking about an oil
man they were about to meet. "He's worth in
the neighborhood of one million dollars," re-
"Good," said the second enthusiastically.
"That's my favorite neighborhood."
CATTLE DISEASE CONTROL FUNDS URGED BY DAIRY ASSOCIATION
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 0 13
ACHIEVED IN MILK
Announcement was made in a Minne-
apolis medical publication, November 9
that two University of Minnesota scien-
tists have found a way to make cows
give milk that can provide protection
The discovery was made by Dr. Wil-
liam E. Petersen, professor of animal
husbandry and authority on milk, and
Dr. Berry Campbell, associate professor
of anatomy who has done considerable
work in the field of immunology.
They have discovered that cows vacci-
nated for a certain disease-or several
diseases-will produce milk that has the
power to protect against those diseases.
They say they are sure that "protective
milk" can be used to immunize human
beings against such diseases as strepto-
coccal infections, such as sore throat,
measles, smallpox, diphtheria, and tuber-
They also believe it will be effective
against polio but they cautioned that
much work remains to be done.
GUERNSEY CATTLE CLUB NEWS
State Guernsey Sale Tops Record
With 36 Cow Total of $17,635.00
The 17th Annual Florida Guernsey Cattle Club Sale, topping the 1954 sale by
almost $2500.00, was held in the Youth and Livestock Building in the Pinellas
County Fair Grounds, Largo on September 16th. 36 cows sold for a total of
$17,635.00 and an average of $489.86. All were vaccinated bred heifers, heavy
springers and fresh cows consigned from some of the best Guernsey herds of eight
states. All but three of the cattle were purchased by Florida breeders.
Pinellas County Farm Agent John Logan, who is also Secretary of the Florida
Guernsey Cattle Club, said he considered the Sale one of the most successful ever
held by that group. The sale drew some 200 persons including buyers from Cuba.
The top price animal in the sale was
Wilgorlan Farms Primrose. She was pur-
chased by Boutwell-Matheson, Inc., Stuart,
Florida, for $1,500. Contending bidder
for this bred heifer was Joe Sargeant of
Second high animal was Mt. Ararat
Lady Luck, consigned by Frank D.
Brown, Jr., Port Deposit, Maryland and
purchased by W. P. Waldrep, Hollywood,
Fla. Purchase price was $1,200.00 and
contending bidder was Boutwell-Mathe-
son, Inc., Stuart, Fla.
Other higher prices paid at the sale
were: $820.00, $710.00, $610.00,
$540.00, and $530.00. Other purchasers,
all except three being from Florida, were:
Walter Schmid & Son, Sarasota; Donegan
Farms, Largo; Velda Dairy Farms, Talla-
hassee; L. H. Sellers, St. Petersburg;
Newton J. Coker, Canton, Ga.; W. J. &
K. W. Casey, Clearwater; Kenneth P.
Detjen, Hollywood; Carroll Ward, Sr.,
Winter Park, and Jack P. Dodd, Maitland.
The Guernsey shown above brought top
price of $1,500.00 at the 17th annual Florida
Guernsey Sale held in Largo September 16.
This animal, Wilgorlan Farms Primrose, a
two-year old heifer, consigned by Joseph E.
Adams, Titusville, N. J., was purchased by
W. A. Boutwell of Lake Worth, Fla., presi-
dent of the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club.
Those shown in picture include Joe
Adams, Trenton, N. J., the animal's handler;
Pinellas County Agent J. H. Logan; W. A.
Boutwell, Lake Worth; Earl Jensen, Lake
Worth; J. T. Christian, Largo; J. C. Sar-
geant, Jr., Montgomery, Ala.; C. J. Jacobs,
West Point, Ga., who is Southeastern repre-
sentative of the American Guernsey Cattle
Club; and John B. Merryman, auctioneer.
The highest amount expended by any
purchaser at the sale was $3,650.00 paid
for five animals by W. P. Waldrep of
Hollywood, Fla. The second highest
amount was paid by Walter Schmid &
Son, Sarasota for seven head. Boutwell-
Matheson, Inc. paid $2,990.00 for five
FLORIDA REGISTERED GUERNSEYS
PRODUCTION RECORDS SUMMARIZED
An increased number of individual
cows of Florida registered Guernsey herds
are appearing in the Herd Improvement
Registry of the American Guernsey Cattle
Club whose testing is supervised by the
extension department of the University of
Florida. The following summary includes
those most recently tested.
Jacksons Radiant Ruth, owned by WALTER
SCHMID & SON, Sarasota, produced 13,008
lbs. of milk and 579 lbs. of fat in 365 days and
met calling requirements as an 8-year-old.
Lucius Betty, a junior 2-year-old in the same
herd, produced 10,177 lbs. of milk and 462 lbs.
of fat during her 365 days test period, and met
calling requirements. She was milked two
Lakenmont Butler's Isabelle, owned by CAR-
ROLL L. WARD, JR.. Goldenrod, has com-
pleted a record with 12,675 lbs. of milk and
541 lbs. of fat on three times milking daily for
365 days. "Isabelle" is the daughter of the
outstanding Guernsey sire, Butler of Burke's
Tavern, that has 18 tested daughters in the
Lakemont's Judy's Bet, a junior 2-year-old
in the same herd, was milked three times daily
for 365 days producing 11,772 lbs. of milk
and 610 lbs. of fat. The sire of "Bet" is
Riegeldale Emory's Judicator. One son and 51
tested daughters of this bull are listed in the
Lakemont Midnight Jean. owned by CAR-
ROLL L. WARD, SR., Winter Park, as a sen-
ior two-year-old has completed a 305-day test
period in which she produced 11,143 lbs. of
milk and 583 lbs. of fat and met calling re-
quirements. She was milked three times daily.
Her sire is Midnight Hero of the Glen, that
has one son and 23 tested daughters.
Lakemont Victor's Kate, of the same herd,
produced 10,008 lbs. of milk and 530 lbs. of
fat, milked three times daily for 365 days, as
a junior two-year-old. "Kate" is the daughter
of Coker Emory's Victor, that has 18 tested
daughters in the Register.
Victory's Highness, owned by BOUT-
WELL'S DAIRY, Lake Worth, has produced
12,340 lbs. of milk and 615 lbs. fat as a sen-
ior 4-year-old, milked 2 times daily for 365
days. "Highness" was sired by Victory of
Norman's Kill, that has one son and 39 tested
daughters listed in the Performance Register.
Guernseys cows on official test have
steadily increased production over the
years. The average cow in the United
States produces only about one-half as
much as the average purebred Guernsey
on official test.
SIXTEEN FLORIDA DAIRYMEN
PURCHASE REGISTERED GUERNSEYS
Widespread herd improvement projects
are reflected in the following recent an-
nouncements of Florida purchases of regi-
stered Guernsey sires:
WILBUR J. and KATHERINE CASEY,
Largo, have purchased Noble Fawn Kingman
from C. E. Donegan, Largo. This young sire
is out of Dinsmore Noble Fawn and is sired
by Dinsmore Meadow King.
EDGAR T. ROBERTS, St. Petersburg, has
purchased Armil's Pabas Defender from Arnold
and Mildred L. Higgins, Largo. He is out of
Carol Ruby's Duchess and is sired by Armil's
(Continued on page 15)
14 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
(Continued front page 14)
W. A. and A. S. CLEVELAND, Fort Pierce,
have purchased Torried Pilot from Coastal
Dairy, Inc., Stuart. This young bull is out
of Fiadview Lady's Queen and is sired by
Elmstead Foremost Pilot.
L. H. ZILL, De'ray Beach, I-as purchased
two young sires from Boutwell's Dairy, Lake
Worth. Jenwe'l Peer is out of McCullough's
Pioneer's Margie and is sired by Orkil Farms
Holly King. Jenw'ell Yeoman is out of Dins-
more Noble Blanchette and is sired by Brays
Island Majestic Leader.
FRANCIS PETERS, McDavid, has purchased
Ham Farm M. Della's Defender from R. R.
Crowgev, Wytheville, Virginia. He is out of
Ham Farm Della and is sired by Ham Farm
Phil Glad Monarch.
C. H. FOY, Bovnton Beach, has purchased
two bulls from the Florida Agricultural Experi-
ment Station, Gainesville. Florida Romulus
Noble is out of Dinsmore Noble Snow-White
and is sired by Alpha Hardwick's Romulus.
Florida Rex judge is out of the cow, Lakemont
Judy's Mamie, and is sired by Caumsett Rex.
HERMON G. MOSELEY, North Miami,
has purchased Moseley'i Ferdinand, ir. from
William Thomas Didlake, Mattapini, Virginia.
He is out of Marshie of Sunnyside and is
sired by Hampstead's Billy.
THE MAGNON CO., Tampa, has pur-
chased two young sires from A. B. Slagle.
Franklin, North Carolina. Belmont Vieu
Primer Henry is out of the cow, Belmont View
Gazer's Heart, and is sired by Brays Island
Bon-Ton's Primer. Belmont View Primer'.,
Tom is out of Issaqueena Ruby and is sired
by Brays Island Bon-Ton's Primer.
SAM HAYES, Dade City, has purchased
Patsey's Monarch of Lake View from B. C.
Hughey and J. E. Johnson, Palm Harbor. He
is out of Patsey of Lake View and is sired by
Senrabis Prince's Monarch.
JAMES DAVIS, Boynton Beach, has pur-
chased Jenuell Patriot from J. B. Fountain,
Clewiston. This young bull is out of Bruey's
Firm Irene and is sired by Jenwell King's
JULIAN WEBB. JR., Chipley, has purchased
Mo-La-lac Virginian's Luck from Clyde and
Lamar Coe, Dothan, Alabama. This bull is
out of Mo-La-Jac Lucky Pride and is sired by
Riegeldale Emory's Virginian.
ROBERT C. WEAGLE. Lakeland, has just
purchased Sargeant Farms Golden Hero from
J. C. Sargeant, Jr., Lakeland. This young bull
is out of the cow, Beau Golden Muriel, and
is sired by Yellow Creek Beauty Hero.
W. J. CRAWFORD, Marianna, has pur-
chased Ly-An-Bea Bugler from W. C. Fitz-
patrick, Marianna. This young bull is out of
Mo-La-Jac Ben's Sunshine and is sired by
Meadow Lodge King's Bugler.
MILO STOLTZFUS, DeFuniak Springs, has
purchased Mountain View's Lester from Arlyss
R. and Norma H. Henley, Douglasville, Penn-
sylvania. This young bull is out of the high
producing cow, Willowmere Maxim Evelynda
and is sired by Wilgorlan Farms Peter Pan.
E. W. CONE, Holly Hill, has purchased
Lakemont Peerleft King from Carroll L. Ward
& Son, Winter Park. This young bull is out
of the cow, Lakemont King's Rosa and is
sired by Coker King's Peerless.
JIM PARKER, St. Cloud, has purchased
Lakemont Uhlan's Ben from Carroll L. Ward,
Winter Park. This bull is out of the cow,
Lakemont Midnight Jean, and is sired by Lake-
mont Victor's Uhlen
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FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 15
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garbage disposal areas.
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On all chemicals, read directions and cautions before use.
SCHOOL MILK PROGRAM
AHEAD OF LAST YEAR
By: MRS. THELMA FLANAGAN
State Dept. of Education
For varied reasons, 24 of Florida's 67
counties failed to accept the Special
School Milk Program last year. In 43
counties 552 schools w;0h A-rrP A ;Iv
279,659, an aver-
age of 203,453 of
these drank at least
1/2 pint of milk
each day or about
70 out of every 100
cial school milk re- FLANAGAN
imbursement paid to counties for about
70,000,000 half pints of milk consumed
in excess of the previous year's average.
Average of $473.82 per school partic-
ipating, or $6,302.87 per county partici-
We returned to the Federal Treasury
$500,144 not used to pay reimbursement
claims-not used when children needed
milk and farmers needed more income.
,What are the plans for this year and
what is the outlook?
This year the school people are delight-
ed to have record and report requirements
simplified and to have the base figure
The Milk Service Guide was not re-
leased by the USDA until almost time for
school to start and there were many
changes. On August 10 I met 8 state
leaders of the dairy industry, we decided
that it was desirable to hold another series
of meetings over the State. The last of
10 meetings was held Friday, September
16. They were well attended.
Both, dairymen and school people were
generally enthusiastic about this year's
program possibilities. Applications are
pouring in. All except 7 counties are now
participating. About 859 applications
have already been received. Florida has
only about 1,100 school lunch programs
-we still hope and believe ALL counties
will participate this year.
What are sound school milk drinking
What is the place of milk in the school
What is the future of the school milk
The answers should be based on what
is good for the boys and girls in our
All groups concerned need to think
and plan together and to cooperatively
build a permanent, sound school feed-
ing program in each of the 48 States.
States need the help of all agencies and
groups in securing adequate Federal and
state tax funds to support the school feed-
16 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Leptospirosis and Its Incidence in Florida
By: DR. M. RISTIC, M. GALTON, DR. D. A. SANDERS and DR. I. H. STEELE
(Part I of a Series)
NOTE: Leptospirosis in dairy cattle and beef cattle represent an economic and public health
problem throughout the country. Since the disease in Florida has been recognized by the
Agricultural Experiment Station, the United States Public Health Service and the State
Board of Health, a cooperative project between these agencies was initiated earlier this year.
It is proposed to conduct basic studies on leptospirosis from both the human and veterin-
Following is the first of a series of articles to be published in this and subsequent
issues of the Florida Dairy News regarding contemporary knowledge of leptospirosis.
Contributors to the article series are: Dr. James H. Steele, Chief Veterinary Section and
Mrs. Mildred Galton, Director of the Leptospira Research Laboratory, Communicable Dis-
ease Center, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, United States Public Health
Service, Atlanta, Ga.; also Dr. M. Ristic, Associate Pathologist and Dr. D. A. Sanders,
Head Department of Veterinary Science, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gaines-
The genus Leptospira is defined as a
group of finely coiled, flexible, undulat-
ing, aerobic organisms, six to forty mi-
crons in length. They may be demonstrat-
ed in living preparations only by the dark
field microscopic technique while they .
may be observed in stained preparations
by using the silver impregnation and
Giemsa's method. The characteristic
semi-circular hook at one or both ends
distinguished Leptospira from other spiro-
chaetes. Pathogenic leptospira differ from
saprophytic types which live upon dead or
decaying organic matter, in that they re-
quire mammalian blood serum for growth Types of Pathogenic Leptospiras and their
in culture media. The pathogenic species natural hosts.
are rapidly motile, and are capable of en-
tering the body by penetrating unbroken sewer rat and certain species of mice.
mucus membranes and through skin abra- Within recent years L. pomona has
sions. Approximately 40 Leptospira types been reported infecting cattle in Australia,
are potential pathogens which may infect Europe and in most sections of the United
humans and various animals. It is not States. Although L. pomona is the only
known if all of these represent distinct type that has been isolated from cattle in
species or whether they are variants. this country, serological tests suggest the
Little information is available concern- probability of infections with several
ing metabolism requirements, chemical others. Swine also are important hosts of
ing metabolism requirements, chemical l in w i is k u
composition and the mechanism of their leptospirosis in which it is known under
composition and the mechanismthe name of Swineheard's disease. It has
disease producing power. Since the patho- e established that pigs and castle may
genic leptospira cannot be differentiated been established that pigs and cattle ma
on the basis of their cultural or mor- see as reservoir hosts for the h
phalogic characteristics the criteria for de- type of infection and there is evidence of
termining the species is based upon their interchange o infection between swine
antigenic structure, host range, geograph- and cattle.
ical distribution, behavior in experimental Canine leptospirosis has been recog-
animals disease symptoms produced. nized in Europe and the United States in
Leptospira are easily destroyed by pas- which the causative leptospires have been
teurization temperatures, acids, alkalies found to be L. canicola and L. ictero-
and soap solutions. Under favorable con- hemorrhagiae.
editions the organisms may survive outside Transmission
the animal body for long periods. T .. t 1
In 1886 Weil described several human
leptospiral infections. The classical dis-
ease has since been known as Weil's dis-
ease. The etiological agent, Leptospira
icterohemorrhagiae was discovered in
1915 by two groups of investigators work-
ing independently; Inada and Ido in
Japan and Urlenhuth and Fromme in
France. In addition to L. icterohemorrha-
giae at least five other serologic types have
been isolated and identified as causing hu-
man infection. In the United States the
usual wild reservoir hosts are the common
LepILU rplIJ 1r llll1 Iu I, LItSLY
mitted through direct and indirect con-
tact with contaminated water and soil.
Each leptospira serotype is found in
nature in a single animal species which is
the principle host; although they may
harbor other types under favorable con-
ditions. For example, swine are the prin-
ciple carrier of L. pomona.
The organisms are maintained in carrier
animals and shed in their urine and body
secretions. Droplet inhalation or skin abra-
sion contact seem to be the most probable
ports of entry of leptospires into the sus-
ceptible host. The oral route of infec-
Channels of entrance and localization of
the organisms in the animal body.
tion is considered less probable. Arth-
ropod vectors have not been incriminated
in the transmission of Leptospirosis.
Definite proof of leptospirosis infec-
tion depends upon isolation and serolog-
ical identification of the organism. Lep-
tospira may be cultured directly from the
blood of infected animals during the
febrile stage of infection or they may be
isolated from urine after the first week
of disease by animal inoculation. Heavy
leptospiral shedders may be detected by
dark field microscopic examination of
Inasmuch as it requires 2 to 6 weeks to
recover the leptospira by cultural and
animal inoculation methods, early labora-
tory aid in diagnosis is dependent upon
serological examination. Paired blood
serum samples collected during the first
week of the disease and 10 to 12 days
later should be provided for use in sero-
logical tests. A significant rise of anti-
body titer is indicative of current infec-
tion. Several different types of com-
plement fixation and agglutination tests
are presently being used for serological
FLORIDA GROUP ATTENDS
DAIRY JUDGING CONFERENCE
J. T. Christian of Largo, Earl Jensen of
Lake Worth, C. W. Reaves, State Exten-
sion Dairyman and T. W. Sparks, Assist-
ant Extension Dairyman with the Univer-
sity of Florida, attended a Regional Con-
ference of Cattle Judges at Holliknoll
Farm, Franklin, Virginia on August 4th
and 5th. The conference was sponsored
by the American Guernsey Cattle Club.
An evening discussion period of pro-
cedures in conducting dairy shows pre-
ceeded a day of judging 15 classes of
cattle from calves to mature cows, cham-
pionship, and group classes.
The purpose of the conference and
judging practice was to study desirable
dairy type and to develop uniformity in
judging in the six states represented.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 17
JERSEY CATTLE CLUB NEWS
M. A. Schack Is Electec
Of Florida Jersey Cal
The Annual Meeting of the Florida Jersey Cattle
Wednesday, August 17th and the Annual State Sale sp
the following day.
A. T. Alvarez of Jacksonville, president, presided
held during the afternoon and W. W. Glenn, County
toastmaster of the Annual Banquet held at the Chipola
Officers of the Club for the coming
year, elected during the annual business
meeting, are M. A. Schack of Greenwood,
President; F. D. Magill, Jacksonville,
Vice President, and Fred Baetzman, Or-
lando County Agent, re-elected Secretary.
Directors elected were Walter Welke-
ner, Jacksonville; W. J. Nolan, Jr., Jack- hirty-nil
sonville; C. B. Skinner, Jacksonville; B. Jersey Sale
W. Judge, Jr., Orlando; Johnny Sixma, sey S e
Lake Helen; J. K. Stuart, Bartow; Carlos $12 90.00
Griggs, Summerfield; C. C. Sellers, Talla- ing cows,
hassee; and M. T. Crutchfield, Marianna. $289.49.
Other business included revision of
the Constitution and By-Laws and the
adoption of a resolution to help sponsor
an exhibit of Florida 4-H dairy cattle at
the Mid-South National Junior Dairy
Show in Memphis, Tennessee, in late
The principal speaker on the program
was Representative Doyle Conner of
Starke, Florida, who is Speaker-Elect of
the House of Representatives for 1957.
He was introduced by State Representa-
tive John Shipp of Marianna. Among the
banquet guests were Mr. and Mrs. E. T.
Lay of the Florida Dairy Association; Mr.
Lloyd Warren, American Jersey Cattle
Club's Southeastern Representative, and
Mr. Laurence B. Gardiner, Jersey Sale
Manager of Memphis. Mr. C. W. Reaves,
State Extension Dairyman, made the
presentation of trophies for the high
herd average and high individual cow in
butterfat production in 1954. The Polk
County Dairy, Bartow, was the receiver
of both awards.
K. Stuart o
by Hall B
Ala., for $
of the sale.
of the sta
and 12 goi
the cows w
out the Sta
for the be
noon to all
A tour c
Club was held in Marianna
onsored by the Club was held
at the annual business meeting
Agent in Marianna, served as
Hotel the evening of the 17th.
J. K. STUART ELECTED DIRECTOR
AMERICAN JERSEY CATTLE CLUB
J. K. Stuart of Bartow was elected a
director of the American Jersey Cattle
Club to serve district five and the south-
eastern part of the United States at the
87th Annual AJCC meeting held in
Salem, Oregon early in June. Mr. Stuart
has been active in developing a dairy pro-
gram for Florida youth and has served
as president of the Florida Jersey Cattle
39 Jerseys Sell For $11,290.00
In 15th Annual State Sale
ne head of registered Jerseys records being made by Jersey herds in
during the Marianna State Florida. Laurence B. Gardiner, nation-
August 18th for a total of ally known Jersey Sales Manager, stated
The average for the 31 milk- that Florida is outstanding in the nation
7 heifers and 1 bull was in the rapid progress being made in im-
The highest priced animal was provement of dairy cattle.
y Boy Lindia, consigned by J. Members of the Sale Committee were
f Bartow, Florida, and bought A. T. Alvarez, Jacksonville, Chairman;
others' Dairy, Montgomery, C. W. Reaves, Fla. State Extension Dairy-
535.00. Hall Brothers' Dairy man, Gainesville; M. T. Crutchfield,
t the largest number of cows Marianna; B. W. Judge, Orlando; Fred
Thirteen cows were sold out Baetzman, Orange County Farm Agent,
te, one going to Colombia, Orlando; and W. W. Glenn, Jackson
erica, which was purchased County Farm Agent, Marianna. Tom
y Hill Dairy of Jacksonville McCord, Montgomery, Alabama, served
ng to Alabama. The rest of as auctioneer.
vere sold to breeders through-
te of Florida. W. W. Glenn, Jackson County Agent,
t hd p t t s who was in charge of local arrangements,
Contest held prior to the sale voiced the opinion of all who attended
st fitted animal was won by that it was a very successful sale and will
r Welkener of Jacksonville, further promote the Jersey breed in all of
ian C y C r Florida and particularly in West Florida.
ianna-Jackson County Chamber
rce gave a free Bar-B-Que at
who attended the sale. Panel at Bottom of Page-(l) William
>f the Florida Caverns for the Nolan, Jr., Alpine Dairy, Jacksonville and
d by te C r J. J. Smith, Butternut Jersey Dairy, Loxa-
also conducted by the Chamber hatchee, Florida. (2) Johnnie E. Davis, Farm
ce. Agent, Washington County. (3) M. T.
edit was paid Florida Jersey Crutchfield, Marianna. (4) W. W. Glenn,
y Mr. Lloyd Warren, South- Farm Agent, Jackson County, in charge of
Sale Arrangement. (5) Mrs. Walter Wel-
d Representative of the Ameri- kener, Jacksonville; B. W. Judge, Jr., Orlan-
Cattle Club, for outstanding do, and J. K. Stuart, Bartow.
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
1S FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
CLASSIFICATION TESTS REPORTED
FOR THREE FLORIDA JERSEY HERDS
More officially classified animals than
any other breed are claimed by the Ameri-
can Jersey Cattle Club and several Florida
Herds are making outstanding records in
their official herd improvement and breed
promotion program which is supervised
by the University of Florida extension de-
partment. Three herds recently classified
are those of M. A. Schack of Greenwood,
B. W. Judge of Orlando and Walter
Welkener of Jacksonville.
Walter Welkener has recently received
a tenth Constructive Breeder Award which
is one of the highest awards made by the
Club. To be eligible for this award a
well-balanced program of breeding and
improvement must be carried out and
animals must meet high requirements of
both production and type. A majority of
the animals in Mr. Welkener's herd were
bred by him or have been owned by him
for at least four years. Seventy-two were
in the herd ten months or more of the
year and had an average yearly production
of 8,883 lbs. of milk containing 473 Ibs.
of butterfat. Ninety-two animals in the
herd has an average type classification
rating of 87.01%. Sixteen were classified
Excellent, the highest type rating given by
The herd belonging to B. W. Judge
now has an average rating of 84.83% on
fifteen animals. Eight animals were
scored Very Good, 6 Good Plus and 1
Seventeen animals in Mr. Schack's herd
have an average score of 83.97%. The
breed's average is 83.15%. Eight animals
are rated Very Good, 6 Good Plus and 3
Good. One animal in this classification is
owned by Charles Schack, two by W. A.
Schack and 3 by Martin Schack.
INDIVIDUAL REGISTRY TESTS MADE
Signal Debutante Ruth. owned by WALTER
WELKENER, Jacksonville, has been rated a
Tested Dam, having three offspring with of-
ficial production records. The cow's progeny
averaged 11,177 lbs. milk and 553 lbs. butter-
fat on a twice-daily-milking, 305-day mature
Sybil Pompey Souvenir, another registered
Jersey in the WELKENER herd, recently com-
pleted a 305-day production record of 12,219
lbs. milk containing 608 lbs. butterfat at the
age of 6 years and 7 months.
(Continued on page 33)
Panel at right-(1) Officers of the Florida
Jersey Cattle Club elected for the coming
year are, left to right, Fred Baetzman, Secre-
tary-Treasurer; M. A. Schack, President, and
F. DuPont Magill, Vice President. (2) The
Jersey Sale in Action: Left foreground, Wil-
son Sparks, Assistant Extension Dairyman,
serving as Sale Clerk; Bill Green holding
"Gem Dreamer Katherine, consigned by Clay
County Farm; Lloyd Warren, right rear,
Representative of American Jersey Cattle
Club, holding Catalog; Tom McCord, Auc-
tioneer, and Laurence Gardiner, reading
pedigree. (3) Jester's Play Boy Lindia, top
priced animal of the sale at $535.00, is shown
by the herdsman of the consignor, J. K.
Stuart of Bartow, Florida.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 0 19
"Canco Snap Cap Carton
That's the majority verdict of 328 housewives who
chose Canco Snap Cap over Carton "X" in a recent,
side-by-side comparison test right in their own homes!
Now you know which fibre milk carton
sells best for you. An independent research
organization got the answer from the
woman who buys. 328 housewives in New
Orleans used the Canco Snap Cap carton
side by side with Carton "X" in their home
refrigerators. After using milk from both
cartons for four days, the majority of the
housewives stated they prefer Canco Snap
Cap-56% said it pours best.
Read what they say:
"pours so easily"-"doesn't gush out"-"can
regulate flow"-"doesn't spill"-"don't have
to be as careful." And remember-these are
reactions to everyday use by women in
their own homes!
Canco's "controlled pouring" gives you an
important extra selling advantage!
This "controlled pouring" is just one feature of the
Canco Snap Cap that makes it the milk container
women really prefer ... gives you a selling edge
with women in your market. Women also made fact-fil
Canco Snap Cap their overwhelming choice for It's interestir
other specific features: 93% said it opens easiest ... to more sale,
69% said it closes better... 83% said it was easier customers fo
for children to handle, etc. This is convincing evi- write: Fibr
dence that there are extra sales for your brand New York 17
when you change to Canco Snap Cap cartons!
AMERICAN CAN COMPANY ^
We'll welcome your visit at DISA, Oct. 24-28, Hotel Park Plaza, St. Louis
20 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
ig. It points the way
s and more satisfied
r your brand. Just
e Milk Container
100 Park Avenue,
. N. Y.
FR UT 195
FOURTH QUARTER, 1 955 21
SAYS EDITOR SHOULD BE
MORE THAN GRUMBLER
An editorial in the Florida Times-
Union of recent date has the refreshing
reminder to fellow editors that "an edi-
torial writer must be more than a grum-
"An editorialist," says this editor,
"must also give advice although often he
must refrain where partisans of the pot
would have him take its case in disputes
with the kettle."
How this does remind us of editors
who have side-stepped this rule of the
proper role of the editor in their edi-
torials on laws and facts relating to
Florida milk price regulation.
WHY PICK ON MILK?
Those who seem to take special de-
light in condemning the price of milk in
Florida might take a look at the profits
of one of the soft drinks which is in
no way whatsoever comparable to milk
in food and nutritional value.
The president of the Pepsi-Cola Com-
pany, second largest soft drink producing
company in the world, told 1,000 rep-
resentatives of the company in a na-
tional meeting in Miami recently that
Pepsi-Cola showed a 60% increase in
net income after taxes for the first nine
months of 1955 as compared with the
same period in 1954.
The net income of the company for
the period was reported at $7,815.00.
Milk has increased in price less than
most other foods and less than the aver-
age "milk price" increase for the nation
as a whole. A quart of milk is two
pounds by comparison with other foods.
EDITORS TURN DAIRY SPECIALISTS
Judging by the recent wave of news-
paper editorials on milk costs and milk
prices, there is a lot of expert talent on
milk production and sales going to waste.
The Ft. Lauderdale Daily Times on Sep-
tember 15th said: "Quality milk can be
produced and sold in Florida at a lower
price." He does not say how this can
We would like to suggest that the
newspaper men depend a little more on
the judgment of some of Florida's Dairy
Specialists about these milk costs and
A GOOD 1956 SLOGAN
(Suggested by American Dairy Association)
"To Quench Your Thirst,
Drink Milk First."
GOVERNOR AS SEEN
BY ALLEN MORRIS
In his newspaper column, "Cracker
Politics", veteran political writer Allen
Morris of Tallahassee recently had the
following to say regarding the probable
candidates for Governor in the 1956
"Unless the Supreme Court surprises
political dopesters here by ruling Gov.
LeRoy Collins ineligible to seek reelec-
tion, the field of major candidates seems
set for next spring's gubernatorial pri-
"It looks now like a spirited horse race
among Collins, Former Gov. Fuller War-
ren and Former House Speaker C. Farris
Bryant of Ocala.
"While it is always hazardous to make
a flat prediction on the outcome of liti-
gation, the feeling continues here that the
high court will rule Collins eligible on
the same general philosophy some jus-
tices expressed in the case of Former
Acting Gov. Charley E. Johns: where the
Constitution is ambiguous or unclear on
an eligibility question, let the people de-
cide at the polls."
In a capsule consensus of how seasoned
political observers weigh the chances of
each of these candidates, Morris had the
following to say:
"Bryant's biggest liability is that even
though he has addressed scores of gather-
ings in recent months, he still is less
known to the man in the street than
his two likely foes. The general feeling
is that if Bryant can get adequate financ-
ing he should run a strong race.
"Bryant's legislative record in the
years since his first session in 1947 has
generally received approval from press
and public. He is popular with many
businessmen because of his consistent ad-
vocacy of economy in government. A
master of rough-and-tumble debate, he
has shown that he is well able to take
care of himself both on the platform and
before the television cameras.
"Collins has the same assets and lia-
bilities that any man in his position would
have in seeking reelection to the gover-
norship . His administration so far
has been free from any public breath of
scandal or suggestion that Florida voters
might find him different personally from
the man they regarded as completely
honest when they elected him last year."
One of Collins' liabilities in running
for reelection is that "he has so far been
unable to produce an issue-unless it be
the price of milk-with which the aver-
age citizen can identify his daily life and
NEWS AND VIEWS
22 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Grocers Only Price Cutters
With Milk Controls Off
With milk price controls off in Florida
since October 1st as a result of a morator-
ium adopted by the Milk Commission on
the enforcement of its minimum price
orders, the only milk price reductions
reported are at a few grocery stores.
Newspapers and milk price critics who
had predicted drastic price reductions
in milk if dairies and stores were only
permitted to do it, must be disappointed
that with over a month and a half of
freedom from price control, milk prices
remain the same except in a few instances
where grocers have elected to sell milk
at cost or as a loss-leader with the hope
of attracting store customers.
Instances of milk price cutting reported
since October 1st have been as follows:
Selling milk as a loss-leader in the
Miami area were The Stevens Market,
Miami, The Sears Grocery at Hialeah,
and The Food Palace, Miami Springs.
The Shiver Grocery, Miami gave away
milk on one day and then set the price
The Jitney-Jungle Grocery, Tallahas-
see sold milk as a "loss-leader" for a
few days and Webb City of St. Peters-
burg is reported using milk as a "loss-
leader" for week-end sales.
The Big Barn Grocery at Tampa ad-
vertised milk as a loss-leader beginning
problems. While constitutional revision
and legislative reapportionment are vital-
ly important to the long-run progress of
the state, these questions still leave many
people completely cold as presently ex-
"Warren has a good many assets, in-
cluding the fact that he's been out of
office long enough for some of his for-
mer political enemies to forget just why
they were mad at him.
"Perhaps better than either of the
other two, Warren can talk the grits-
and-gravy language of the average Flor-
"Strangely, Warren seems to have
been able to gather unto himself the
support of some big business interests-
an element that was almost completely
lacking in his successful 1948 race. Just
the other night, for instance, President
W. J. Clapp of the Florida Power Cor-
poration hailed Warren in a Cross City
speech as the man who had done more
than any other to help build the state's
"Everybody seems able to understand
that Warren got the cows off the high-
ways-a reform that directly affects
everybody who drives a car or rides in
A SERIOUS QUESTION
When members appointed to admin-
ister and sworn to uphold a law, pub-
licly announce that they are not in sym-
pathy with the law, what is his duty and
the duty of the one who made such ap-
Clarence Funk, administrative director
for the Pennsylvania Farm Bureau, told
dairymen at a recent meeting that "Pub-
lic Relations is everything you do or say
and everything you don't do or don't
say. Employees are the strongest public
relations tools you have. Sharpen them."
WHERE IS THE PROOF?
Governor Collins was quoted in a
United Press story October 29 in the
Pensacola News as saying in a Miami
Beach talk that "artificially high milk
prices can be reduced by the suspension
of price controls."
It would seem reasonable to expect
an assertion of this kind to be supported
DAVID WANTS REFERENDUM
Florida House of Representatives
Speaker Ted David has proposed a con-
stitutional amendment providing for an
"initiative and referendum plan".
Through such a plan, if 20% of the reg-
istered voters of Florida petition the Sec-
retary of State in behalf of the passage
or repeal of a proposed law, such pro-
posal would be put on the ballot at the
next general election.
LET'S STICK TO FACTS
If newspapers are sincere as to their
responsibilities to the public for printing
the news, the public surely must have
the right to expect the newspapers to
screen out the false statements often made
in "letters to the editor" for publication.
For instance, the Orlando Sentinel
printed such a letter October 10 signed
G.I.S. in which it is stated that "it sure
costs more up there (New England
States) to produce milk than here".
It can be easily found in U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture milk production re-
ports that such statement is not true.
DON'T SKIMP ON MILK
To skimp on milk in order to cut fam-
ily food costs is poor economy, accord-
ing to nutritionists of the U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
U.S.D.A. Home Demonstration Spec-
ialists say for its calcium alone, milk is
a good food buy. Milk is also a good
buy in high quality protein and its B-
vitamin, riboflavin and minerals.
Now it is known why Miami attorney
Morey Rayman was so anxious to get his
name in the Miami papers by appearing
before the last Miami meeting of the
Milk Commission to condemn milk prices
and the dairy industry generally.
He has recently announced that he is
a candidate for Miami City Commis-
PURINA SPONSORS "OLE
The Ralston Purina Company become
sponsors of "America's Best Loved Coun-
try Music Program-The Grand Ole
Opry" on the ABC television network
beginning October 1st.
MIRACLE OF AGRICULTURE
Speaking at a recent national dairy
meeting on the subject of "Modern Agri-
culture", Professor Herrell DeGraff, Cor-
nell University, said: "To me the miracle
of America is not 60 million motor ve-
hicles and the fantastic total of other
comforts and conveniences, it is what has
happened in agriculture that has con-
tributed so much to making these things
DeGraff continued by saying that "In
the future, our farm products will be
raised with less labor on fewer farms
using larger amounts of capital, and with
an even greater premium than there is
today on managerial skill."
TOP NATIONAL DAIRY SHOW
The entry of almost 2,000 cattle in the
Chicago International Dairy Show held
in October topped previous records for
Cattle entered from 26 states and Can-
ada included 529 Holsteins, 291 Jerseys,
281 Brown Swiss, 269 Guernseys, 246
Ayrshires and 238 Milking Shorthorns.
A letter to the Jacksonville Journal
signed "Another Housewife" and pub-
lished October 10 says:
"Who is this group responsible for
trying to change our milk restrictions and
prices? They can't have the consumers
interest at heart. I have lived in a north-
ern city where milk was 23c a quart.
There is no comparison between that milk
"After becoming accustomed to Florida
quality milk, we could hardly drink it
last summer while on a month's vaca-
tion. I'm proud of our milk here and
proud of the men who are trying to keep
it fine and rich."
FARM BUREAU WANTS MILK
The Farm Bureau of Jackson County
voted recently to provide financial sup-
port of a Dairy Show for the area pro-
vided milk is served on the grounds in-
stead of soft drinks.
Adults' Big Opportunity
For Fluid Milk Market
Sixty-five per cent of the total popula-
tion are adults, according to a survey of
the National Dairy Council.
A survey of the milk drinking habits
of various ages, also made by N.D.C.,
shows that children up to age 8 usually
drink enough milk but during the ages
from 8 to 10 milk drinking habits begin
Teen-agers drop still further back as
milk drinkers thinking it to be a childish
habit they have outgrown.
Adults, the N.D.C. consumer survey
shows, comprising 65% of the popula-
tion are the worst milk drinkers with
25% drinking milk regularly, 35%C oc-
casionally and 10% rarely.
So adults are the biggest opportunity
market for fluid milk. Nutritional au-
thorities say adults need at least 3 glasses
of milk a day.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 23
With nur TiP.t id Be to All
Nor A e1r!t Ierrly l(lritrtmati
Anh a i apply Neuw erar
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Extension Service Dairy Products Laboratory
Dairy Farm Research Unit Agricultural Experiment Station
Conference For Plant Superintendents Held
At University Department Of Dairy Science
By: DR. LEON E. MULL, Department of Dairy Science, Gainesville
A record attendance of nearly 100 Dairy Plant Superintendents and associated
representatives of the Dairy Industry from Florida and adjoining states gathered at
the University's Department of Dairy Science in Gainesville on October 13, 14 and
15, 1955, to make the 18th annual conference one of the outstanding conferences
A host of exceptionally well qualified
speakers discussed the latest developments
in the fields of chemistry, bacteriology,
sanitation and dairy machinery. Mr. Art
Lund of Cherry Burrell Corporation,
Kansas City, Missouri, an expert on dairy
machinery, discussed and illustrated with
color slides the High Temperature Short
Time pasteurization process from A to Z.
State Board of Health speakers from
Jacksonville included Mr. Hugh F. But-
ner, Bacteriologist in charge of the Di-
vision of Sanitary Bacteriology, and Mr.
Samuel O. Noles, State Milk Consultant.
Mr. Butner spoke about the latest in-
formation on chemistry and bacteriology
of milk and Mr. Noles discussed the
newest developments in farm tanks and
pipeline milkers in Florida. Professor
Walter A. Krienke graphically illustrated
the chemistry of rancidity in milk.
Visiting guest speaker from the Uni-
versity of Kentucky was Dr. T. R.
Freeman, Head of Kentucky's Dairy
Manufacturing Section, who brought the
group up to date on the latest develop-
ments in the dairy industry. On the basis
of research presently being done Dr. Free-
man visualized the complete operation
of a modern dairy plant being performed
by a single man under the new develop-
ments termed "Automation." Many will
remember Dr. Freeman, who was for-
merly associated with the University of
Florida Department of Dairy Science
and co-author with Dr. E. L. Fouts of
the textbook "Dairy Manufacturing
Through the courtesy of Mr. Alex G.
Shaw, Chief Dairy Supervisor for the
State Department of Agriculture, and his
assistant supervisors the new Department
of Agriculture Milk and Milk Products
Mobile Laboratory was placed on display
throughout the conference. The labora-
tory is completely equipped to handle
any bacteriological or chemical problem
in the field and can be moved to any
point in the state where problems arise.
A side view of the laboratory unit is
shown in the cover picture of the short
More than 100 persons, including
dairymen and their wives, attended the
annual banquet at the Gainesville Golf
and Country Club. Guest speaker at the
banquet was Dr. Roger Bledsoe, Associate
Director of the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station, who was introduced by
Mr. Charles R. Williams, of Borden
Southern Company, Jacksonville. Mr.
Williams is the outgoing chairman of the
Florida Dairy Association's Dairy Plant
Operations Committee, which co-sponsors
the conference and assists in planning the
Conference program. Mr. E. T. "Andy"
Lay, who was unable to appear as sched-
uled on the program, was called on for
a few remarks at the banquet. Andy was
in his usual good form. Entertainment
through the courtesy of the Florida Dairy
Association was furnished by Professor
Russell L. Danburg of the University
Department of Music.
The concluding portion of the program
was an ice cream clinic on Saturday
morning. Sixteen samples of vanilla ice
cream were submitted for chemical and
bacteriological analysis and for flavor ob-
servations. Dr. Freeman, who was in
charge of the clinic, stated that samples
on hand were in general representative
of good average commercial ice cream.
After the adjournment of the confer-
ence about seventy of those present at-
tended as a group the University of
Florida-Louisiana State University foot-
ball game at Florida Field on the Uni-
versity of Florida campus.
SEmphasis Nee ed On Milk Quality
By: DR. H. WILKOWSKE
Associate Dairy Technologist
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Never before in the history of the Florida dairy industry has there been so much
criticism as in recent years. Most of the criticism has been economic in nature having
to do with the price of milk. In reply to the unwarranted mis-statements the dairy
industry has produced many facts to defend their position. Unfortunately, however,
the dairy industry is generally on the defensive in such situations due to the fact that
the reply is made after the accusation and damage has already been done. To be on
the "negative" side of an argument, no matter how right, is generally an untenable
position. A more "positive" approach is needed to gain friends and recapture public
Less talk about price and much more
emphasis on the many other good qualities operating, processing, distributing and
of milk and dairy products might dispel raw material costs.
some of the pessimism. A more optimistic Here are some points which can be
approach would surely have its benefits. used to further emphasize the safe quali-
One way, as so capably done by the ties of milk. These may be used in ad-
National Dairy Council representatives, is vertisements and on other forms of public
to emphasize the nutritional qualities of information and especially by routemen in
milk. Another would be to emphasize talking with consumers. Remember to
milk's goodness and how refreshing it is. assure the consumer, over and over again,
Another, and the one to be considered that all dairy products they buy are always
here, is to place considerably more em- SAFE.
phasis on the SAFE qualities of milk. The i. ilk Laws of Florida, as well as
good-will of the consumer can easily be local odina s and r laion awe all
obtained if assured that the health of the local ordinances and regulations, are a
family is of primary concern by the dairy- carefully written to protect the consumer
man. Few consumers would question the and safeguard public health. These laws
cost of a good sanitation program. Dairy- are vigorously enforced at all times
men should be careful not to attempt to throughout the entire state.
justify milk prices on the basis of sanita- 2. Grade "A" on the label means that
tion costs since sanitation costs as such the milk is safe, pure and wholesome.
generally are very low by comparison with (Continued on page 27)
24 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
xThe Dairy Herd, Florida experiment Station
y\ P. T. DIX ARNOLD -
The Dairy Research Unit comprises approximately 1200 acres of land purchased
by the State of Florida in 1948 for research in all phases of dairy production. Upon
completion of the buildings, the dairy herd was moved from the main campus in
September, 1949. Development of the area is continuing.
The Unit is devoted to the advancement and development of dairy farming and
dairy industry in Florida. The activities are of experimental and instructional nature.
Much of the work carried on is constructive and directly applicable to good commer-
cial dairying although some of the practices are parts of research projects which are
not recommended but are basically fact-finding which may eventually advance the
knowledge of the science of milk production.
Milk produced by the herd is delivered
to the Dairy Products Laboratory for re- been shown by Florida dairymen and nu-
search and instructional purposes in Dairy merous inquiries concerning their welfare
Manufacturing and for processing for have been received
eventual sale to Food Units on the Uni- Breeding Program
versity of Florida campus. Since 1929 it has been the policy to
The Dairy Herd select young bulls with good individuality
The dairy herd includes registered and strong pedigrees and to use these
Jerseys, Guernseys, and Holsteins. young bulls sparingly until the milk pro-
Each animal, as it enters the herd, be- during ability of their daughters could be
comes an experimental subject and con- measured. Following the sampling period,
tinues as such until disposal or death. It those with satisfactory progeny have been
is the policy to raise all heifer calves for used intensively. At present, artificial
replacements in the milking herd. Male breeding is being practiced extensively
calves are used for experiments involving using semen from proved bulls obtained
eventual slaughter with exception of a from American Breeders Service. The
very few with outstanding parentage possibility of use of frozen semen is being
which are sold for breeding purposes. explored for the coming breeding season.
Each cow is officially tested under the Research Projects
rules of her respective breed organization 'Some 14 or more officially projected
in the first lactation for 305 days on two lines of experimental work are being con-
milkings daily. ducted TheP ;involve the facilities of t-hp
The purebred Jersey herd was founded
by purchase of two cows in 1901 and over
one-third of the present herd traces di-
rectly to one of these cows. Over the
years a total of 55 foundation females
have been added to the herd, about half
of which are represented by offspring at
the present time. On October 1, 1955,
there were 6 bulls, 96 cows, and 83
heifers and heifer calves.
A small foundation of registered
Guernseys has been in the herd at inter-
vals since 1926. In 1951 Florida Guern-
sey Cattle Club members sponsored pur-
chase of heifers from their herds at a
nominal price. Seventeen females were
secured, which constitute the main part of
the present Guernsey herd. There were
one bull, 27 cows, and 20 heifers and
heifer calves on October 1, 1955.
Through the leadership of the Florida
Dairy Association and the Florida Hol-
stein Cattle Club, the financial assistance
of a number of Florida dairies and dairy-
men was secured which together with as-
sistance given by friends from other states
made it possible in February, 1955 to
establish at the University of Florida a
foundation Holstein herd comprised of 15
bred heifers. Eight of these heifers
freshened in August and September, and
the others are due in October. Consid-
erable interest in these new heifers has
Dairy Reseach Unit in part or in whole.
Some projects are cooperative with other
departments of the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station and some involve field
work in other herds. The facilities and
staff of the Dairy Products Laboratory
have a major part in several projects.
Some projects are of a long-time, funda-
mental nature, while others are short-time
projects of immediate practical character.
Other tests, observations and investiga-
tions not under official projects, are con-
ducted from time to time.
The herd, buildings, pastures and crop
land of the Dairy Research Unit are used
regularly for laboratory instruction for
students from the University of Florida,
College of Agriculture. The State 4-H
Dairy Club has an Annual Short Course
here. The Annual Dairy Field Day
and Annual Dairy Herdsmen's Short
Course are regular events. Numerous
conferences by many groups interested in
livestock and agricultural development
find it a convenient meeting place. Classes
of school children from kindergarten to
high school seniors attend demonstrations
by advance arrangement with the Depart-
ment of Dairy Science. Persons from
many parts of the United States, on va-
cations and business trips, are frequent
visitors, and people from many of the
nations of the world have honored us
with visits during recent years. Visitors
are always welcome.
Our Counts Are
Since We Started
Nothing can match the Klenzade Farm
Quality Sanitation Program for speed, ef-
ficiency, and reliable year-round results.
aor years, the Klenzade Alternate Clean-
ing System pioneered by Klenzade -
has proved that you can have sparkling
lime and milkstone-free equipment with
a minimum of 1jbor and detergent costs.
Now stepped-up concentration for
greater, faster cleaning power with dou-
ble-duty chelatingg" agents added. Dust-
free, non-irritating, non-caking. Makes all
water soft as rain.
New type mild organic acid detergent
for lime and milkstone removal. For al-
ternate periodic use with Kleer-Mor. Film
disappears like magic . cleans up all
spots, streaks, deposits.
For years the standard sanitizer in the
dairy industries. A clear sediment-free
Liquid Sodium Hypochlorite now nearly
50% stronger than before. Safe, power-
ful, fast-acting, easy to use.
"SHORT COURSE" TEXT ON
DAIRY FARM SANITATION
QUALITY PROGRAM l"
Write for Your .1
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 25
(1) Yearling heifers feeding on harvested grass which they consume at the rate of about
65 or 75 pounds per day. (2) Harvesting pangola grass for feeding the milking string.
Over 1300 tons were harvested in this manner last year. (3) Bryan Judge, Jr. and his daugh-
ter, Stephanie, are seen in some of their white Dutch clover. This patch had been harvested
twice when this picture was taken in late January. (4) Oats field, taken in late January.
(5) Glass lined silo which can be filled at the top while unloading from the bottom. Over
300 tons of silage was made in this silo last year from pangola grass, bahia grass, oats,
First Prize Pasture & Forage Program
In 1954 State Dairy Pasture Contest
B. W. Judge & Son, Good Luck Dairy, of Orlando received the top award for
having the Best Dairy Pasture and Forage Program entered in the 1954-55 State
Dairy Pasture Contest sponsored by the University of Florida Dairy Department and
the Florida Dairy Association.
A Certificate of Recognition by the Pasture Contest sponsors and an engraved
silver pitcher trophy awarded by the Florida Dairy Association were presented to the
owners of the dairy at the Annual Dairy Field Day in Gainesville, November 2nd.
In their winning pasture and forage
program, the dairy practiced daily rota-
tional grazing and utilized field chopped
Green feed much of the year. The total
tonnage forage cut and fed during the
year amounted to 9.4 tons green feed
per cow and 2.1 tons silage per cow.
Grain fed varied from none to one pound
grain to five pounds milk produced by
each cow. Only a small amount of citrus
pulp was fed. The pasture, green feed
and silage made up 41 per cent of the
total feed nutrients fed the herd. This
program substantially reduced the cost
of dairy feeds and the net cost of milk
production allowing for all costs of
producing and harvesting feed. Fertilizer
was applied according to recommenda-
tions. The herd average milk production
was 8894 pounds milk (4.4% butterfat
test) for the year. This is 1034 gallons
milk for every cow in the herd including
the dry cows.
Herdsmen's Short Course Held
Dairy Herdsmen's Short Course was
co-sponsored by the University of Florida
and the Florida Dairy Association on
September 6-8, 1955 at Gainesville. At-
tendance totaled 37 men and one lady,
coming from areas as widely apart as
Milton in Santa Rosa County to Dade
County in South Florida.
26 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Temporary, permanent and irrigated
pastures, feeding cows on pastures and
the problem of subnormal butterfat tests
in milk were discussed by the staff. John
Boggs demonstrated use and care of milk-
ing machines. Hermon L. Somers dealt
with care and management of dairy calves,
including tatoo identification and dehorn-
ing. DHIA records and dairy farm sur-
veys disclosed the proportion of nutrients
that selected Florida dairy herds have ob-
tained from homegrown feeds. By tours
or discussion other topics covered were
care and feeding of heifers, parasite con-
trol, breeding problems, silos and silage,
and the pasture program carried out on
the Dairy Research Unit.
Dr. H. H. Rothe outlined current use
of pipeline milkers in Florida, as related
to meeting sanitary regulations. Dr. B. C.
Swindle, of the USDA Animal Research
Service outlined the present brucellosis
Staff participating included Drs. J. M.
Wing and S. P. Marshall, and P. T. Dix
Arnold. Dr. E. L. Fouts, head of the
Dairy Science Department, outlined the
general program of dairy work and recent
development of the University Campus.
C. W. Reaves and R. B. Becker served as
EMPHASIS NEEDED ON MILK QUALITY
(Continued from page 24)
The milk must be of the best quality and
produced and processed under the most
sanitary conditions consistent with sound
3. Licensing is required by all com-
mercial dairy farms and dairy plants. They
must meet many rigid requirements con-
sidered essential in providing the con-
sumer with a safe supply of milk before
the permit is issued.
4. Inspection of farms and plants are
thoroughly performed by competent offi-
cial Sanitarians one or more times every
month to make sure all requirements for
the protection of the milk have been
maintained. They make sure that all milk
sold is produced, handled, processed and
distributed under very carefully controlled
conditions of cleanliness and sanitation.
5. Clean and Healthy Cows are tested
annually to make sure they are free of
communicable diseases. Only disease-free
herds are issued permits by official Vet-
erinarians. The cows are examined daily
to make sure they are maintaining their
good health. At milking time the cows'
udders and flanks are carefully washed
and sanitized. They are milked in scru-
pulously cleaned barns. Later the milk is
filtered and clarified for added precau-
6. Healthy Employees only are per-
mitted to work in the dairy industry.
Routine health examinations are made
periodically to make sure all Health De-
partment requirements are complied with.
7. Clean and Sanitary Equipment are
maintained at all times. Only the best
stainless steel equipment that money can
buy is used to handle milk and other
8. Pasteurization is added assurance
in supplying the consumer with safe milk.
The gentle heating destroys potential dis-
ease bacteria but does not otherwise affect
the quality or flavor of the milk.
9. Testing of dairy products is a
never ending task to make sure the pro-
ducts are the correct composition and
quality at all times. These tests insure
that the milk is constantly produced, pro-
cessed and handled in the proper manner.
The consumer can be sure the milk has a
very low bacteria count, properly pasteur-
ized and free from adulteration by daily
tests performed by the dairies themselves
as well as by regulatory agencies.
10. Constant Improvement and co-
operation by all persons in the dairy in-
dustry, dairy production, allied trades and
regulatory officials is underway to find
better, cheaper and more efficient ways to
improve scientific milk sanitation. Con-
stant progress is being made toward better
methods of clean milk production, pro-
cessing and distribution. Better equip-
ment and better tests are being developed.
Research and training are directed toward
supplying Florida consumers with safe,
wholesome and nutritious dairy products.
The consumer can rest assured that every-
thing possible to safeguard public health
is being done and that every reasonable
precaution known to modern science is be-
ing taken to furnish the consumer with a
safe supply of milk.
Mother: "Junior, dear. Auntie won't kiss
you good-by if you have such a dirty face."
Junior: "That's what I thought."
IMPROVE MILK QUALITY...CUT COSTS
WITH THE RAPID-FLO CHECK-UP
FOR MASTITIS AND SEDIMENT
A simple daily procedure, en-
dorsed by sanitarians and
authorities, that can prevent
loss of milk and cows.
Judge Dairy Cattle Show
At Alabama State Fair
C. W. Reaves, Florida State Extension
Dairyman, judged the Alabama State
Junior Jersey Show and Earl Johnson of
Dinsmore Dairy judged the Open Guern-
sey Show at the Alabama State Fair in
Dirmingham in October. The State Junior
Jersey Show included 158 registered Jer-
seys with 45 in one class. Reports indi-
cate that their judging was well liked.
Reaves and Johnson are approved judges
for the breeds judged.
Some men defy old age. They still believe
that they're as good as they never were.
1. After filtering each can
of milk (10 gallons or less)
the used filter disk is care-
fully removed from the
strainer and placed on a
cardboard to dry,
2. Examination of the
used filter will indicate
precautionary steps nec-
essary to secure clean
Filter Products Division
4949 West 65th Street Chicago 38, Illinois
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 27
IN JERSEYS, it's Lex Deborah of Sibley Farms whose record reads 8-1,
365, 3X, 20354, 1089; the only Eastern bred Jersey to make 1000 lbs. fat
on 3 consecutive lactations. John Sibley, owner of Sibley Farms, Spencer,
Mass., makes sure of Grade A quality from his champion by using Rapid-
Flo Fibre-Bonded filter disks which he enthusiastically praises.
in filter disks, it's
used by more dairy farmers
than any other brand
Even though your herd may not include a champion, the milk or cream
you produce is just as vital to your income and should have the protection
of champion filter disk performance.
Reliability and safe filtration are engineered into Rapid-Flo Fibre-
Bonded Filter Disks, and are guaranteed by Johnson & Johnson. Get gen-
uine Rapid-Flo Fibre-Bonded Filter Disks in the factory sealed Blue Box.
ACTIVITIES REVIEW OF:
Florida's Dairy Councils
Current News of Dairy Council Work in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Miami & Jacksonville
This section of the Dairy News is intended to bring timely information of the
activities of Florida Dairy Council work. The material will be supplied by the
three Council directors in turn.
Dairy Council Material In This Issue Sponsored by
MIAMI DAIRY COUNCIL
Miss Marian Cudworth, Exec. Director
Teenagers' Need For Better Nutrition
Stressed In New Dairy Council Program
Teenagers come in all sizes regular and king-size, slim or fat but they all
need milk, many of them more than they're drinking now.
While today's teenager eats far better than those in previous generations, proof
comes persistently from research reports that America's "younger set", as a group,
still do not consume adequate nutrients. In other words, their eating habits rate a
poor grade on the mealtime report card.
How much milk should they drink? According to Dr. Zoe Anderson, Director
of Research and Nutrition Service, National Dairy Council, it would take at least
121/2 billion pounds of milk per year about 10% of present annual production
- to give teenagers the nutrients they need from milk.
Why do teenagers need milk? Prin-
cipally, for calcium. Their need for this
mineral is great, and essential to proper
growth and development. Recent Iowa
State College studies, for example,
showed that calcium is particularly lack-
ing in the diets of teenagers in that state.
The pattern is similar in many parts of
the United States.
Then, too, overweight teen-age girls
tend to have the poorest eating habits.
Their problem stems from a poor selection
All told, these young people need more
nutritious and protective foods, such as
milk, meat, and fresh fruits and vege-
tables less high calorie snacks.
EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM ADOPTED
The above information on teen-age nu-
trition was discussed on a recent National
Farm & Home Hour via NBC radio by
Dr. Anderson, in an interview with
Everett Mitchell, program moderator.
Its importance to the dairy industry in
terms of milk consumption is obvious.
There are about 16 million American
young people between the ages 13 to 19,
and forecasts indicate that by 1965 they
will number more than 25 million.
This is one reason why National Dairy
Council beams a heavy educational pro-
gram at the younger set and the adult
health leaders who influence their eating
During the past 12 months alone,
NDC and affiliated Dairy Council units
in 84 markets across the nation have
placed in use over 31/2 million individual
pieces of educational materials for teen-
agers. These stress the important place
dairy foods can play in the adequate diet
and aim at building sound over-all eating
habits that will stick.
FILM STRIP USED IN MIAMI
Realizing the need for establishment of
better teen-age eating habits in our own
area, the Dairy Council of Dade, Broward
and Monroe Counties decided to plan a
way to work early in the school year with
leaders who could reach many teenagers
It would take two nutritionists many
months to contact each leader individual-
ly; so in September the Home Economics
teachers of the public schools, parochial
schools, University of Miami, and county
Home Demonstration Agents were invited
to a meeting given by the Dairy Council
in the newly decorated meeting hall above
the Dairy Bag Company.
Every NEW IDEA we had was used!
Our new filmstrip "Let's Teach Better
Nutrition" was shown to an audience
which nearly filled the room. Then Miss
Hinckley and Miss Cudworth did a "live"
demonstration for teenagers using Food
Models and brand new Meal Charts for
props. Each teacher was given a complete
set of the latest posters for her school
and samples of leaflets which they had
not seen before. All parts of the program
contributed to information to inspire the
teenagers . from dairy product re-
freshments to the final movie, "It's All
In Knowing How."
Cementing a close bond with Home
Economics teachers, who are ambassadors
of good nutrition, serves to strengthen
our goal of firmly establishing the milk-
drinking habit. Under their guidance our
young people are beginning to make their
own decisions . to choose their own
food . to pay for it themselves.
Through them our information and teach-
ing will multiply efficiently to reach the
currently maturing generation.
DAIRY COUNCIL OF JACKSONVILLE
16 East Church Street
Mrs. Maxine Carter, Exec. Director
DAIRY COUNCIL OF TAMPA AND
102 N. Dale Mabry Tampa
Mrs. America Escuder, Exec. Director
Mrs. Harriet L. Hastings, Asst. Director
DAIRY COUNCIL OF MIAMI Includ-
ing DADE, BROWARD & MONROE
769 N. W. 18th Terrace Miami
Miss Marian Cudworth, Exec. Director
Miss Nancy Hinckley, Asst. Director
The Welcome Wagons in Dade and
Broward Counties have been very helpful
in the distribution of Dairy Council
materials. The hostesses of this organ-
ization call on all families who are estab-
lishing new residences, or moving into
new homes from another part of town.
While making her call the Hostess notes
the ages and activities of the family in-
volved and then offers them appropriate
Dairy Council booklets. "For Parents-to-
Be" is given for parents-to-be! "Feeding
Little Folks" is offered if there are young
children, and "Many Happy Returns" is
left as a present for grandfather or grand-
mother. Each booklet is accompanied by
a welcoming letter from Dairy Council.
Every month 700 such calls are made
in Miami, while the Ft. Lauderdale area
affords 150 additional direct contacts
with consumers of milk. The Ft. Lauder-
dale Welcome Wagon also has 3 hostesses
who call on all new mothers. This affords
an excellent opportunity for distribution
of our many materials on baby care. We
feel that this is an excellent opportunity
to reach directly the consumer who is the
backbone of America -the homemaker.
&I I 0
28 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
District III 4-H Dairy
Contest Held In Quincy
C. W. REAVES, State Extension Dairyman
Jackson County edged out Madison
County for the top score and revolving
trophy in the five-county Area 4-H Dairy
Show and Contest, held in Quincy, Oc-
tober 13, followed by Gadsden, Leon,
and Jefferson counties. Each county was
represented by the five top-scoring 4-H
members selected at their respective coun-
ty 4-H dairy shows held prior to the
In the county shows, the members'
scores were determined on five items as
follows: animal, 40 points; improvement,
20 points; fitting, 10 points; showman-
ship, 10 points; and record book, 20
points. The five members with the high-
est over-all scores took their animals to
the Area Show held in connection with
the Gadsden County Tobacco Festival and
Fair where they were judged and scored
on animal, 40 points; fitting and condi-
tioning, 20 points; showmanship, 20
points; and record books, 20 points.
Principal sponsor of this special county
and Area 4-H dairy project is Sears Roe-
buck Foundation, working through the
Sears Store at Tallahassee. The State De-
apartment of Agriculture and the Gadsden
County Fair provided additional premi-
ums at the Area Show.
A. G. Driggers, Gadsden County agent
and Bernard Clark, Gadsden Assistant
County Agent and the 4-H District III
Chairman were in charge of the local
arrangements. Agents and assistants re-
spectively in charge of the other county
groups were W. W. Glenn and L. D.
Taylor of Jackson County, Rudy Hamrick
and Hilton Cook of Madison County,
Lloyd Rhoden and Ed Thomaston of
Leon County, and Albert Odom of Jef-
ferson County. Taylor County (H. P.
Davis, County Agent) entered a judging
team in the judging contest.
The winning total weighted score of
the five Jackson County representatives
was 439.2 followed closely by Madison's
group with 435.0 points. The closeness
of the scores is seen by comparing the
average score of the two counties on the
different items. (These are the average
scores before application of the percent-
Members of the Jackson County group
were Martin Schack (top individual on
animal, showmanship and fitting scores),
Earl Crutchfield, Tommy Stadsklev,
Charles Schack, and Robert Olive.
Highest grade on Record Book was
a tie between Lonnie T. Davis, Jr. and
Joy Gossman, both of Madison County.
Other members of the Madison County
group were Billy Welch, Donald E. Jo-
seph, and Pat Cantey, Jr.
Judges for the event were, Record
Books: W. W. Brown, the State Boys 4-H
Club Agent; Animals: C. W. Reaves,
Extension Dairyman; Showmanship: W.
J. Platt, District Agricultural Agent; and
Fitting: T. W. Sparks, Assistant Exten-
In the 4-H dairy judging contest, Jack-
son County teams placed first and second,
followed by Leon, Madison and Taylor
in the top five placings. The winning
Jackson judging-team was composed of
Earl Crutchfield, Martin Schack, Robert
Olive, and Tommy Stadsklev. Top in-
dividuals in order were Earl Crutchfield
(Jackson) with 189 out of a possible 200
points, Donald Hanson (Leon), Virginia
Ruff (Leon), Martin Schack (Jackson),
and Carlton Crutchfield (Jackson).
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 29
MILLER MACHINERY & SUPPLY CO.
JACKSONVILLE and TALLAHASSEE
MIAMI and HOLLYWOOD
TAMPA and ORLANDO
SERVING THE DAIRY INDUSTRY THE BEST WE KNOW HOW
WITH THE BEST IN DAIRY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT
DAIRY ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
A summary of activities of the Florida Dairy Association, an organization formed in 1946 and representing milk
producers, milk distributors, ice cream manufacturers and allied trades.
Dairies Are Energetically Represented
Through Varied Association Activities
A 1955 Progress Report To The Industry
Recent weeks and months have been busy ones indeed for the staff and leaders
of the Florida Dairy Association.
None will deny that the months immediately preceding the 1955 Session of the
State Legislature held in April and May were busy and anxious ones for members
of the dairy industry throughout the State.
Soon after Governor Collins was inaugurated January 4th, he announced the ap-
pointment of a Citizens Committee to make legislative recommendations to him
concerning the Florida Milk Commission.
The industry was given but one opportunity for a hearing with this Committee
at which to submit information concerning the Milk Commission and facts concern-
ing Florida milk prices and the dairy industry.
Ignoring an appeal of the Florida
Dairy Association for a further hearing Milk Commission alone . called the
and after only one conference with the Milk Commission to his office early in
Milk Commission, this so-called Citizens September and asked them to abandon
Committee made a recommendation to the the enforcement of the Milk Commission
Governor that "the authority of the Milk Law to accomplish what the Legislature
Commission over the resale price of milk would not do.
be repealed by the legislature". In spite of the pleas made by the Flor-
Governor Against Commission
Governor Collins, without so much as
holding a conference with -the Milk Com-
mission or the Administrator of the Com-
mission concerning his personal commit-
tee's recommendations, made this recom-
mendation to the legislature when it
convened in April.
A bill providing for such repeal of the
Commission's retail price authority was
introduced, as well as other bills, one of
which would have repealed the Milk
Legislature Upholds Law
Legislative committee hearings were
held on all these bills and the prodding,
promoting and pressuring of certain news-
papers for repeal or amendment of this
law is well known to Florida dairymen.
The legislature made no changes in the
Surely there is not a dairyman in Flor-
ida who is not well acquainted with the
fact that it was the Florida Dairy Asso-
ciation that protected their interests and
welfare in all these proceedings from the
hearing in Miami with the Governor's
committee in March through a most dif-
ficult and trying 60-day legislative session
ending in June.
Governor Pressures Commission
It is familiar to all that the Governor
refusing to go along with the judgment
of the legislature in their leaving the
iua Dairy Associauion Lt Lthe 'ummission
against their abandoning the law . .
they voted by 4 to 3, October 19th to do
just what the Governor asked and a little
more. They voted to suspend all enforce-
ment of all milk price orders throughout
the State for one year.
F.D.A. Sponsors Court Test
The Florida Dairy Association took
immediate steps to sponsor a court test
of the legality of the Commission's ac-
tion. This case reported in detail else-
where in the Dairy News, is now await-
ing a decision by the State Supreme
The Florida Dairy Association has also
had its attorneys take part in defending
the constitutionality of the Milk Com-
mission Law which case is also now await-
ing a decision by the Supreme Court.
This case is also reported elsewhere in
Milk Consumption Given
In Various Products
About half of the total milk flow in
1953 was used by consumers as fluid
milk and cream. Butter production
amounted to about one-fourth of the total
milk supply while the production of
cheese used 10%, ice cream 6%, evapo-
rated and condensed milk 6%, and dried
milk less than 1 %.
National Dairy Council
NEW F.D.A. OFFICERS
TAKE OVER FOR 1956
Bill Graham of the Graham's Dairy,
Inc., Miami, one of the Florida Dairy
Industry's outstanding young producer
leaders, will take the helm of the Florida
Dairy Association on January 1st as presi-
dent for the year 1956.
Bill was selected president-elect at the
Association's 1955 Annual Meeting in
June when producer vice-president
George Johnson of West Palm Beach
declined the election.
He will succeed Cliff D. Wayne, State
manager of Southern Dairies, who has
served as 1955 president.
T. G. Lee, producer-distributor of Or-
lando, will be the 1956 1st vice-president
and chairman of the Distributor Mem-
bership Division while John Sargeant,
producer of Lakeland, will be 2nd vice
president and chairman of the Producer
W. J. Barritt, State Borden Company
manager, continues as treasurer. Walter
Burton of Southern Dairies, Jacksonville,
as assistant treasurer and E. T. "Andy"
Lay as executive director and secretary.
New directors for 1956 are R. L.
Lunsford, Milton, who replaces John
Hentz of Panama City and C. C. Sellers
The remainder of the Association's 16
producer directors and 16 distributor di-
rectors are continued.
30 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Interest in the work of the Florida Dairy Association is demonstrated by this group of directors who attended the third quarterly
Board of Directors' meeting of the Association held September 15th in Jacksonville.
Twenty-one of the group turned out for their 4th quarterly meeting held November 1-2 in Gainesville.
DIRECTORS' MEETINGS HELD
SEPTEMBER AND NOVEMBER
The 1100 milk producers and 200 milk
distributors of Florida, even if they could
devote the time and expense of attend-
ing several state-wide industry meetings
a year, would find it extremely difficult
if not impossible in such a meeting to
consider and act upon the many prob-
lems which constantly confront the in-
This is why the 16 producers and 16
distributors from all areas of the state
who serve as representatives of their re-
spective areas and groups on the board
of directors of the Florida Dairy Asso-
ciation are able to render such valuable
service to the members of the industry.
The combined salaries and expenses of
the Association's 32 directors for the time
which they give the industry in the
course of a year, would be a staggering
amount. Yet the contribution which each
of these men makes to the welfare of
the other members of the industry in
serving on the industry's board of direc-
tors is scarcely realized.
1955 meetings of the F.D.A. board of
directors have been held in January,
April, May, June, September and No-
Among the recent important actions of
the Board are:
A resolution to the Governor recom-
mending that Mr. Ben S. Waring of
Madison be continued as producer mem-
ber of the Florida Milk Commission.
A resolution extending the greetings
and congratulations of the Florida Dairy
Association to Dr. Wilson T. Sowder on
the occasion of his 10th anniversary as
State Health Officer.
The Florida Dairy Association-doing
its utmost to fully represent and assist all
its members, both producers and distrib-
utors-sponsors a wide range of activi-
ties and programs.
Publication of the "Florida Dairy
News", which reaches 98% of all those
in the dairy industry in Florida and some
1400 others, is doing an important job
of keeping the members of the industry
and many others better informed about
the dairying in Florida.
A resolution to the president of the
University of Florida recommending and
urging that adequate funds be requested
in the next budget to be submitted to
the legislature for completing and equip-
ping the new Animal Disease Research
Laboratory of the Department of Veteri-
A resolution calling upon Florida Con-
gressmen and U. S. Senators to help se-
cure more Federal funds in Florida for
the control and eradication of Bangs
disease in dairy and beef cattle.
A resolution urging the Florida Milk
Commission not to abandon their enforce-
ment of their minimum milk price orders.
A resolution urging the Florida Live-
stock Board not to curtail their program
of Mastitis control.
A resolution honoring and paying trib-
ute to Dr. R. B. Becker of the Uni-
versity of Florida and electing him an
A resolution paying tribute to and
awarding special Association tropies to
Juniors Bill Gunter as F.F.A. National
President and to George Ford, as Na-
tional F.F.A. Star Dairy Farmer.
Sponsors Dairy Meetings
Special dairy meetings sponsored or co-
sponsored by the F.D.A. are its Annual
Convention held during June in Clear-
water, the Annual Dairy Field Day at
the University of Florida, also the An-
nual Dairy Herdsmen's Short Course and
the Annual Dairy Plant Employees Short
Course at the University.
A comparatively new F.D.A. program
is the annual County and State Dairy
Pasture Improvement Contest, now in
the 3rd year. Also a new program of the
F.D.A. now in its 2nd year is the Spec-
ial School Milk Program to promote the
consumption of more milk in the schools.
Dairy Month Program
The June Dairy Month program of
the Association giving widespread pub-
licity to *the industry and its products is
one of the oldest and best of F.D.A.
Supports Animal Disease Control
Promotion and support of the dairy ani-
mal disease programs of the Florida Live-
stock Board has received much attention
by the F.D.A. for many years. A strong
Dairy Husbandry Committee of the Asso-
ciation has given constant support to the
State Mastitis and Bangs Disease Control
programs and took a leading part in se-
curing appropriations for funds by the
legislature to build the new Animal Dis-
ease Diagnostic Laboratory which is now
nearing completion at the University of
Dairy Awards and Trophies
The F.D.A. sponsors a number of top
trophies and awards in recognition of
winners in various 4-H and F.F.A. Dairy
Shows including the State Fair at Tampa.
(Continued on page 32)
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 31
THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF BETTER DAIRY PASTURES
Second Prize Dairy Pasture Essay
In 1955 State 4-H Members Contest
By: JAY BOOSINGER
Manatee County 4-H Member
This essay won second prize of $15.00 from the Florida Dairy Association, Pasture
Contest Committee in the 1954-55 4-H Members Divisions. Sandra Dennison of Orlando
won 1st prize and Edwin Stubbs of Sarasota County, whose essay will run in the next
issue of the Dairy News, won 3rd prize.
The dairy cow is built to handle large quantities of roughage. She has a rumen or
paunch that holds two or three bushels of undigested material which acts like a
fermentation vat in digesting fibrous parts of forage. She is highly efficient there-
tore, in converting them into products that humans eat.
Seventy-five to eighty percent of nutrients fed should be roughage. For a long
time much attention has been paid to feed concentrates but good pasture is more
necessary to the health and reproduction of dairy cattle. This is because grass con-
tains minerals and vitamins that concentrates do not contain. Grass contains Vitamin
A and Vitamin D. Cattle that are pastured on scanty grass and are fed the highest
quality concentrates cannot long survive. The pasturing of cows on good quality grass
is necessary for maintaining a high Vitamin A content in milk and butter.
Most farms have permanent pastures.
The soil in these is usually thin, weedy,
low in productivity, and otherwise run-
down. Rotating cattle from one perma-
nent pasture to another gives the dairy-
man the best advantage of his pastures.
This allows him to fertilize his pastures
and to bring up the productivity of the
grasses and not endanger his cattle.
Three points that are most important in
the proper management of pastures on
dairy farms are as follows:
1. The plants shall be used when they
are at their peak in nutritional
2. The highest carrying capacity
'should be obtained and kept.
3. The stand and balance of legumes
'and grasses should be maintained
throughout the pasture season.
Calves also depend on good grass from
the time they are weaned on. Young cattle
are more susceptible to nutritional defi-
ciencies than adult cattle. Early malnu-
trition in heifers prevents the orderly de-
velopment of the reproductive organs
and this condition is difficult or often im-
possible to correct. Many range cows in
Florida calve only every other year. This
is due to the nutritional status of the cow
being too low to permit regular heat pe-
riods during the breeding season. Another
condition associated with underfeeding
and poor reproduction is the lowered vi-
tality and disease resistance of the cow.
Undernourished cattle often harbor inter-
nal parasites or are suffering from anemia
and scours. All these factors tend to in-
crease her need for a good pasture.
In Florida during the months from
October to March exist the poorest grass
conditions. Since the calving season
comes during this time, it means the
cows are in need of feed when it is least
available. Furthermore, the protein and
phosphorus content of grass during the
fall and winter months is greatly de-
creased. Hay, silage, or pasture allowed
to grow during August or September for
winter grazing can be used. Oats, rye,
wheat, sweet lupine, or winter clovers are
other sources of winter feed. Native
pastures, control burned, also help sup-
In summing this up, the dairy cow
needs good pasture, first, to maintain her
body, to keep her warm, to furnish
energy, and to allow for body growth
especially during the first four or five
years of her life and secondly, to produce
more and better milk and larger and
(Continued from page 31)
An F.D.A. trophy is also awarded the
Premier Exhibitor in the State Fair Sen-
ior Dairy Show.
State Pasture Contest winner's trophies
and special Certificates of Award are fur-
nished by F.D.A. in the Annual State
Dairy Pasture Contest.
One of the important activities of the
Association is the furnishing of consider-
able special literature on milk and dairy
foods to teachers of Home Economics
and Nutrition in schools in various parts
of the State.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE NAMED
FOR F.D.A. JUNIOR MEMBERS
Bill Gunter of Live Oak and the Uni-
versity of Florida was installed as Chair-
man of a four-member Executive Com-
mittee for the Honorary Junior Members
of the Florida Dairy Association at a
meeting of the F.D.A. Board of Direc-
tors in Gainesville, November 1st.
Other members of the Committee in-
stalled along with the Chairman are
George Ford, Quincy; Merriam Simmons,
Orangedale and Erny Sellers, Tallahassee.
Gunter and Ford are F.F.A. members
while Miss Simmons and Sellers are 4-H
Named advisory members to the Junior
Membership were Wilmer Bassett, Mon-
ticello, a past president of the Dairy
Association, Chairman; C. W. Reaves,
University of Florida Dairy Extension
Service, and W. T. Loften, Professor of
Agricultural Education at the University
representing the Future Farmers Asso-
The Junior Members were special
guests at the F.D.A. director's dinner
Tuesday evening, November 1st and held
their first business meeting following the
The new Honorary Junior Membership
group of the F.D.A. started this year was
adopted by the Board to fill a need for
a means of recognizing and encouraging
top efficiency and achievement among the
young people of the industry through the
4-H and F.F.A. programs.
Aids Entire Industry
Of untold value to the industry is the
Florida Dairy Association's numerous
friendly contacts that are maintained with
organizations, groups and individuals,
both public and private, to help them to
know more about and have a better un-
derstanding of the facts, the problems
and the needs of the dairy industry.
The F.D.A., a joint working organiza-
tion of a large percentage of Florida's
milk producers and milk distributors,
deals with the industry's problems
through 29, standing committees, the
board of directors of 16 producers and
16 distributors, the executive director and
an office staff of two.
How better can the problems of the
individual Florida dairyman, any group
of dairymen or of the dairies of the
State as a whole be handled ?
32 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Dr. John G. DuPuis
Pioneer Florida Dairyman
Dies In Miami At Age 80
Dr. John G. DuPuis, founder and
president of the White Belt Dairy of
Miami and father of F.D.A. past presi-
dent John DuPuis, Jr., died in Miami
September 17 from complications attribut-
ed to a minor operation several weeks
Dr. DuPuis was a member of the
Florida Dairy Association from its be-
ginning and of the Florida Dairy Products
Association from its inception.
He was honored by the Florida Dairy
Association in 1952 on the 50th anniver-
sary of his founding of the White Belt
Dairy at the Association's annual conven-
tion in Miami Beach. Dr. DuPuis was
personally presented with a "Certificate
of Honor" as "A Pioneer Dairyman and
In responding on that occasion to the
presentation of the award, Dr. DuPuis
recounted in a remarkable manner his 52
years' experience as Dr. DuPuis and Mr.
Dairyman and how he had lived a double
life as a practicing physician and as
manager of his dairy until his son John
Jr. was able to relieve him of the respon-
sibility of the dairy.
Dr. DuPuis said that he went to
Lemon City, now in the north end of
Miami, at the age of 23 to begin his
practice as a young doctor and became in-
terested in producing milk only after find-
ing that fresh pure milk was not available
in the area for his patients and the chil-
dren of the community. He told how he
added a few cows to the family cow,
which was the beginning of the White
Belt Dairy with its present prize Dutch
White Belt herd and a large processing
and distributing plant.
Throughout his 57 years in Miami Dr.
DuPuis was active as a civic leader in
helping to solve the problems of a rapidly
growing frontier community. He was
active in bringing about the establishing
of the Dade County Agricultural High
School, now Miami Edison.
Three major achievements in medical
research stand out among Dr. DuPuis'
many interests. In 1909 he made im-
portant discoveries concerning, the cause
and cure of pellagra. He was credited
with eradicating the Texas tick fever in
Dade County in 1916. In 1917 he had
an important part in eliminating tuber-
culosis among the dairy herds of the
In civic projects Dr. DuPuis was
founder of the Lemon City Public Li-
brary, the Lemon City Methodist Church,
the White Belt Methodist Church, the
Dade County Farm Bureau and was one
of the founders of the Dade County
EXPRESSIONS OF SYMPATHY
The Board of Directors of the Florida
Dairy Association adopted at their last
meeting resolutions of sympathy to the
families of the following deceased, who
were identified with the Florida dairy
Dr. John G. DuPuis, Miami, founder
of the White Belt Dairy; Mrs. W. A.
Boutwell, Lake Worth, wife of W. A.
Boutwell, owner and founder of the
Boutwell's Dairy; Mr. Louis Sheffield,
Jacksonville; Mrs. W. B. Crown (mother
of F.D.A. office secretary Elsie Ren-
sen), Jacksonville; Mrs. Dorothy Knight,
wife of Thomas Knight, Orlando milk
producer; Mr. Frank Gustafson, founder
and owner of the Gustafson's Dairy,
Green Cove Springs; Mr. Guiseppe
Guagliardo, founder and owner of the
Guagliardo "Florida Dairy" of Tampa;
Carl Wieselthaler of the Wieselthaler
Dairy, Lake City.
Almost like bringing sunshine into )
Barn! Florida Citrus Plup has proven i
stimulating factors; high in T.D.N.*
low in fiber content. Made from
tree ripened Florida Oranges
and Grapefruit, Florida Citrus
Plup is a carbohydrate concen-
trate that is becoming a "must"
in the dairy industry. Mail the
coupon and get your free copy
of "How to Feed Citrus Pulp." The boc
contains full instructions on feeding, ch
and tables that show a complete ana
on this proven feed ingredient.
*lolal DiqgiilDir Nul.rnt,
JERSEY REGISTRY TESTS
(Continued from page 19)
Sultane Model Interested Fay, owned by
CLAY COUNTY FARMS, Middleburg, has
earned the Silver Medal Award by completing
, production record of 10,499 lbs. milk and
536 lbs. butterfat in 305 days at the age of 3
years and 7 months.
Royal Hamptonne Harriet, also of CLAY
COUNTY FARMS, has earned the Gold Medal
Award with a production record of 12,372 lbs.
milk and 669 lbs. butterfat in 305 days at the
age of 6 years and 6 months.
Florida Stan Lady Sox, a registered Jersey
cow at the FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EX-
PERIMENT STATION, has earned the Silver
Medal award with a record of 8199 lbs. milk
and 467 lbs. butterfat in 305 days at the age
of 2 years and 7 months.
Lilac Lad's Pansy Princes., owned by J. K.
STUART, Bartow, has earned the Silver Medal
award with a recently completed production
record of 10,162 lbs. milk and 614 lbs. butter-
fat in 365 days at the age of 3 years and 7
X Standard Ivy Nanette. owned by A. T.
ALVAREZ, Jacksonville, has recently com-
pleted a 305-day Herd Improvement Registry
production record of 11,747 lbs. milk and 666
lbs. butterfat at the age of 8 years and 5
(How to Feed'"
P. O. BOX 403 DEPT. D. TAMPA, FLORIDA
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 33
C- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - -`- ~-- I
Florida Dairymen Contest Legality Of Action
Suspending Enforcement Of Milk Price Orders
A legal controversy arose over the above question when the Florida Milk Com-
mission, after receiving a request from Governor Collins to do so, issued orders Sep-
tember 19, 1955 suspending enforcement of their milk price orders in the 17 market
areas supervised by the Commission for one year from October 1, 1955.
One hundred twenty-one milk producers and distributors contested the legality
of the order in the Leon County Circuit Court through Jacksonville attorney Chester
A ruling of this court that the Com-
mission's order was legal, brought an im-
mediate appeal by Mr. Bedell to the Su-
The Supreme Court heard the legal
arguments of the case October 17th and
their decision is expected to be announced
sometime late in December.
The following is a summary of the
legal arguments on the above question.
Argument Against Legality
The arguments made by Bedell on be-
half of the Dairy Industry that the Com-
mission's orders are illegal were presented
to the court first in a 33-page brief and
a 104-page appendix and later, in his oral
His argument was based on three
main points as follows:
"Point 1. The resolution and orders
of the Milk Commission suspending en-
forcement of all of its price orders are
illegal, invalid and ineffective because
they are beyond any power committed
to the Commission and are contrary to the
duties imposed upon the Commission by
"Point 2. The resolution and orders
of the Milk Commission suspending en-
forcement of its price orders are illegal,
invalid and ineffective for the reason that
the resolution and orders were made
without giving any proper notice and
without affording opportunity to be heard
and to introduce testimony at a public
hearing as required by Sections 501.06,
501.13(7) Florida Statutes, 1953.
"Point 3. The resolution and orders
are not warranted or supported by the
record or by any findings of fact justify-
ing the Commission's action."
(A 28-page printed brief supporting
this argument was filed with the Supreme
Argument For Legality
The attorneys for the Milk Commis-
sion in answer to the above arguments
contend that, although the law does not
specifically authorize the Commission to
withdraw its control over an area which
it has once established, it should be as-
sumed the Commission has such power
because it is given discretion as to whether
or not it will establish control of an
Attorney General's Argument
Upon request of the Governor, the At-
torney General took part in the case to
assist the Milk Commission in defending
its orders suspending price enforcement.
Why the Attorney General's office should
represent one group of citizens against
another in the court, we cannot see.
Nevertheless, the Attorney General's as-
sistant took part in the oral arguments
before the Supreme Court and discussed
two points as follows:
"Point One: The Milk Commission,
in its discretion, has power to suspend
prices in an established market.
"Point Two: The Milk Commission
is not required to conduct a statutory
hearing pursuant to formal notice in or-
der to validly suspend prices in an estab-
Mr. Bedell's reply filed with the court
on the above contention pointed out that
the law specifically provides a way and
one way only for the Commission's au-
thority and supervision to be withdrawn
from an area and that is by petition of a
majority of those producing milk in the
He further pointed out that even if the
Commission did have such authority to
withdraw from an area, they could only
take such action after public notice and
public hearings and based on the record
of testimony taken at such hearings.
He pointed out further that the action
of the Commission being contested WAS
NOT "the withdrawal of controls from
an area" but only a "suspension of en-
forcement" of orders and with full au-
thority of the Commission being left in
effect in all areas.
Mr. Bedell's brief argues further that
"The Commission is without power to
determine for itself whether it should
continue the imposition of minimum
prices, or whether it should withdraw the
exercise of its price fixing powers.
In support of this contention, he quot-
ed from the law, (1) "That the acute
economic emergency which existed at the
time of the creation of the Milk Control
Board . will immediately recur should
said board and the regulations set up to
be administered thereby pass out of ex-
istence . that the danger to public
(Continued on page 36)
Florida Supreme Court Asked To Decide
If Milk Commission Law Is Constitutional
Florida dairymen are anxiously waiting for the Florida Supreme Court to answer
this question which was raised by a Miami grocer, Otis Shiver, several months ago
when the Milk Commission resorted to court action to require Shiver to comply with
the Commission's minimum milk price order in the Miami market.
Shiver contended and sought to prove in the Miami Circuit Court that the author-
ity of the Milk Commission to set milk prices is "invalid and unconstitutional".
Shiver's attorneys argued that "the price fixing section of the law violates the due
process and equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the Federal constitu-
tion and Section 1 and 12 of the Declaration of Rights of the Florida Constitution."
Holds Act Constitutional
The Miami Circuit Court ruled against
Shiver holding that the Milk Commis-
sion Act IS CONSTITUTIONAL.
Appeal To Supreme Court
An appeal of the case to the Supreme
Court was taken by Shiver and the
arguments before the Court were held
November 1st. Attorney Chester Bedell
of Jacksonville, representing the Florida
Dairy Association, joined with Milk Com-
mission attorneys in filing briefs and
arguing before the Court that *the law
Arguments Against the Law
Shiver's attorneys contended in their
brief and argument before the Supreme
Court that the law "is unconstitutional
and invalid in that:
"(1) any temporary emergency which
might have existed when the act was
enacted has long since passed;
"(2) the police powers of a State, de-
priving the citizens of their constitutional
rights of freedom of contract, cannot be
invoked during a so-called emergency
and then made permanent under the
guise of a continuing emergency;
"(3) that even if the act were valid
when passed, any emergency calling for
its need, has ceased and said law has
"(4) that the milk industry is not a
business 'affected with a public interest'
so as to authorize price fixing by the
Milk Commission Defends Law
In a 3-page brief to the Supreme
Court, Milk Commission attorney James
(Continued on page 36)
34 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
FEDERAL MILK PRICE CONTROL PLANS
CONSIDERED BY FLORIDA DAIRYMEN
Florida dairymen, awaiting a Supreme Court decision on whether or not milk
price supervision by the Florida Milk Commission will be continued, are reluctantly
turning their attention to the possibility of petitioning the Secretary of Agriculture
for Federal milk price control in Florida.
Federal milk market orders which set the farm price of milk are authorized by a
1937 Act of Congress known as the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act.
Federal milk price orders, like Florida Milk Commission price supervision, can
function only upon petition of milk producers. The Federal control applies only to
the farm price while the Florida law applies to both the farm and the retail price of
In addition to setting the minimum
farm price of fluid milk on a usage basis,
the Federal order (like the State Control)
requires distributors to make accurate
weights and tests and account properly
for the way the milk is used.
Unlike the State Control Law, the
Federal order does not control from
whom the distributor shall buy nor how
long he shall buy from a given producer.
Neither does it control how much he shall
buy or at what price he shall sell.
Formula Determines Price
The farm price is determined under
a Federal order by a rigid formula plan
which is subject to the approval of pro-
ducers in the market when they vote for
acceptance or non-acceptance of the origi-
The Agricultural Marketing Agree-
ment requires that the minimum farm
price for milk be established at levels
which will (1) reasonably reflect eco-
nomic conditions affecting the supply and
demand for milk (such as the price and
availability of feeds), (2) assure an ade-
quate supply of pure and wholesome
milk for the market, and (3) be in the
Under the formula pricing plan the
minimum prices change automatically
along with the changes in the market
conditions for fluid milk.
The Federal price order has two plans
of applying the price to the producer of
the market area. The price may be made
to apply alike to all the producers of the
area or to the producers for each distribu-
tor as a separate group.
Federal orders are enforced through
the Justice Department in the Federal
courts 'to compel milk dealers to comply.
The cost of the administration of the
Federal order is assessed against the dis-
tributors only according to the quantity
of milk purchased. This assessment may
be from one cent to five cents per
hundredweight of milk received.
No Guarantee To Producers
The U.S.D.A. bulletin describing the
operation of Federal Milk Marketing Or-
ders states that: "It is not possible under
a market order to guarantee an adequate
income to all farmers, nor would it be
possible under some circumstances even
to guarantee an adequate income to any of
the farmers selling in a regulated market.
S. .In times of depressed prices for milk
and dairy products, or for agricultural
products generally, the prices established
under a marketing order (that would
result in an adequate supply of milk for
the market) may not be high enough to
afford adequate incomes to any of the
farmers delivering milk to the regulated
market. If farmers are to have adequate
incomes under conditions of generally
depressed prices, additional programs,
such as price support measures, may be
How To Get a Federal Order
The steps necessary to be taken to get
a Federal Milk Price Order approved
and in operation are as follows:
(1) An application or petition must
be filed with the U. S. Secretary of Agri-
culture by a producers organization for
the area to be covered by the order. This
organization must be incorporated under
the Cooperative Marketing Law of Florida
which must also conform to the require-
ments of the Federal Law on the subject.
(Complete legal details can be secured
from the F.D.A.)
(2) A public hearing is held at which
producers, distributors and consumers
have opportunity to present facts and
views concerning the necessity of estab-
lishing an order and on the particular
provisions which an order should contain.
At such public hearing the producers are
required to furnish facts relating to gen-
eral economic conditions, to prices, sup-
plies and sales of milk; also facts show-
ing the need for an order and the condi-
tions which will be corrected or relieved
by the order must be explained. All of
this material must be presented at a pub-
lic hearing. Consequently, it is necessary
that witnesses be prepared to present such
information at the hearing. Adequate
preparation of testimony as to facts and
conditions upon which an order may be
issued generally requires the services of
experts in marketing, economics and sta-
tistics. Moreover, when a petition is made
to the Secretary to institute an order in a
market which has not been under regu-
lation, it is usually required that a pro-
posed Federal order be furnished. This
would set forth in detail all of the terms
and conditions which, in the opinion of
the proponents, are necessary or desirable
for incorporation into the final order.
The drafting of such a proposed order
usually requires expert help from market-
ing specialists. It may have important ef-
fects on milk producers, milk dealers, and
milk consumers. Moreover, it is neces-
sary that each provision of an order be
based upon facts presented at a public
(3) A recommended order containing
the proposed provisions of an order are
prepared by the Secretary of Agriculture,
published and distributed, giving oppor-
tunity for interested persons to review
and file exceptions.
(4) After reviewing the suggestions
made at the public hearing, the final
order is prepared by the Secretary of
(5) The order is voted on by the
dairy farmers of the area covered as to
whether or not it is to become effective.
For a market-wide producer price plan,
a 2/3 affirmative vote of all producers
selling milk in the market is required for
approval. For an individual distributor
production group-price plan, a 3/4 af-
firmative vote of all producers of the
area is required.
A top official of the Dairy Division,
U. S. Department of Agriculture advised
the Florida Dairy Association a few days
ago that because of a shortage of person-
nel in the Milk Market Order Depart-
ment, it would, in his opinion, require
about a year from the date of application
for a new Federal milk price order to be
approved and put in operation in Florida.
Producer members of the Florida
Dairy Association have held several local
meetings for discussion of the operation
of Federal orders including Miami, Or-
lando, St. Petersburg, and a special meet-
ing at Gainesville during the Annual
Dairy Field Day.
The Florida Dairy Association has
endeavered to secure and make available
to the membership all possible informa-
tion concerning Federal milk marketing
The Florida Dairy Industry, since the
passing of the Florida Milk Commission
Law in 1933, has favored state control of
the dairy industry rather than Federal
control. However, if state control through
the Florida Milk Commission is made
inoperative by a decision of the Supreme
Court, the Florida Dairy Association has
announced that it will give all necessary
assistance to local producer groups in se-
curing Federal marketing orders.
The F.D.A. Board of Directors also
voted at its last meeting November 2nd
that if the Milk Commission is allowed
to abandon the enforcement of its milk
price orders by the Supreme Court, it
will urge milk producers in all market
areas of the State to petition the Commis-
sion to discontinue operation in the area.
This would save the producers and dis-
tributors their present payment to the
Commission for its administrative fund
of about $170,000.00 a year during the
time the Commission's moratorium on
service to the industry is in effect.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 0 35
Dairymen Contest Action
(Continued from page 34)
health and welfare . will not admit of
interruption in public supervision and
He pointed out the further provision
of the law which provides that The Act
"shall be effective until such date as it is
repealed or amended by some subsequent
act of the legislature."
Summary Of Bedell's Arguments
"The Milk Commission's action in sus-
pending enforcement of its price orders
was a usurpation of authority to deter-
mine a question of public policy not
committed to the Commission by the Leg-
islature. Its action resulted from the
Governor's suggestion to the Commis-
sion that it suspend price controls at the
consumer level, while retaining price
controls at the producer level, a recom-
mendation which he had more properly
made to the Legislature but which the
Legislature had refused to follow. En-
thused and emboldened by the idea that
it was empowered to do what the Legis-
lature had refused to do, the Commission
assumed authority to suspend enforce-
ment of all price controls for the avowed
purpose of completely withdrawing the
exercise of all of its price fixing powers
should it later determine upon the basis
of its experiment that there is no longer
any need for such controls.
"The action of the Commission so dras-
tically affecting the whole legislative
scheme that has been in operation for
more than 20 years was accomplished
without giving notice of the Commis-
sion's intended action, without receiving
or affording opportunity for the introduc-
tion of evidence and without any public
hearing as is required for valid Commis-
sion action of lesser importance.
"For the reasons shown, the resolution
and order should be held invalid and the
Commission should be directed to con-
tinue enforcement of its price orders
which were in effect on September 19,
1955, until such price orders shall have
been altered, revised or amended by valid
order of the Commission."
SUPREME COURT TO
(Continued from page 34)
Knight of Miami made one main point
of argument in defense against the claims
of Shiver's attorneys. This was that "no
showing was made that the law is un-
constitutional". He said the appellant
"has failed to specify which section of
which constitution he thinks it contra-
venes except that in his conclusion he
asserts that it violates the due process
clause. This assertion, however, was not
demonstrated to be true in any way."
"The appellant", Knight said, "has
thus failed to comply with the established
rule of this Court that one who asserts
the unconstitutionality of a statute should
show beyond any reasonable doubt that
the statute conflicts with some designated
provision of the Constitution."
Knight also pointed out that "The
constitutionality of this statute has been
upheld by this Court" and that "The
Supreme Court of the United States has
likewise upheld the validity of similar
Bedell's Defense Argument
Joining Milk Commission attorneys in
defending the constitutionality of the
law, attorney Chester Bedell, acting on
behalf of the Florida Dairy Association,
presented a 32-page brief and joined in
the oral arguments before the court with
the consent of the court and the Com-
Mr. Bedell presented two main argu-
ments in support of his request that the
Supreme Court agree with the lower
court's ruling "that the Milk Commission
Act Is Constitutional".
These points were:
"(1) The reasonable regulation of
prices of fluid milk for human consump-
tion is within the police power of the
state. This has been recognized by this
court, by the Supreme Court of the United
States and by the final appellate court of
every state, but one, which has had occa-
sion to pass on the question.
"(2) The power to reasonably regu-
late prices of fluid milk for human con-
sumption does not depend upon the ex-
istence of an economic emergency or
upon the continued existence of any such
emergency, but is based upon the pecul-
iar nature of the industry and the pecul-
iar problems incident to assuring a con-
stant supply of good, clean, wholesome
milk at reasonable prices."
Bedell Summarizes Argument
In summarizing and concluding his
brief and argument to the court, Mr.
"The Florida Milk Control Act was
enacted as an emergency measure of
limited duration to correct and support
weaknesses in the milk marketing system
brought to light by the economic de-
pression. With improvement of economic
conditions, the Legislature found a con-
tinued need for the legislation and after
having continued the Act in effect from
one legislative session to another, finally,
in 1939, revised and re-enacted the Act
on a permanent basis, reserving to itself
the power to repeal or amend it (Sec.
501.21, F. S. 1953). The Legislature
thereafter, from time to time, amended
the Act and in 1955 declined to amend
the price-fixing powers granted the Milk
Commission. In 1955, it likewise de-
clined to pass a bill repealing the Act.
"Peculiar and uncontrollable factors
affecting the production and distribution
of fluid milk for human consumption
More States And Areas
Adopt Milk Price Controls
While politicians, crusading newspapers
and a few cut-price grocers are attempt-
ing to tear down the Florida Milk Com-
mission Law and destroy the State's third
largest cash farm income industry-dairy
farming-other States and areas are wish-
ing they had and are attempting to get
State or Federal regulation of milk
South Carolina has passed a milk price
control law this year, while North Caro-
lina, Arkansas, Wisconsin, Washington
and Tennessee have enacted "tair-trade"
laws which, generally speaking, bar re-
tailers or distributors from selling milk
below cost. Some also limit advertising
and merchandising practices of dairies.
And Federal regulations prescribing
the minimum price dealers must pay pro-
ducers have been added in four more
areas-making 61 markets where Federal
controls are now in effect.
Areas which have set up new Federal
controls are up state Michigan, Charles-
ton and Wheeling, W. Va., and Corpus
Christi, Texas. Most of the 61 Federal
marketing areas are in the west and mid-
Some of the states with local controls
are Alabama, Georgia, Maine, Montana,
New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Rhode Is-
land, Vermont, Viriginia and California.
These states have controls which fix
the minimum price that can be paid pro-
ducers, distributors and retailers.
Five states-New York, New Jersey,
Massachusetts, Connecticut and North
Carolina-have laws setting only the pro-
In Delaware pressure is mounting for
some form of price fixing. Producers and
some distributors almost succeeded last
session of the legislature to pass a price
control law and they have said they will
renew the attempt next session.
make the subject one peculiarly within
the police power of the state. The power
of the State to enact such legislation is
almost universally recognized.
"Whether there is a continued need
for price regulation, and whether the
program embodied in the Florida statute
is to be preferred to the federal program
or to some other type of program are
matters for the Legislature alone to de-
termine. The Legislature having made
its determination by enacting and con-
tinuing in effect the statute here attacked,
and there being no showing that its ac-
tion is arbitrary or unreasonable or not
reasonably appropriate, the statute must
The Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court has announced that the Court's
decision on this case may be expected
sometime the latter part of December.
36 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Oregon Newspaper Challenges Accuracy of Reader's Digest
October Article on Oregon Milk Prices and Conditions
Says Material Twisted Around To Make Popular Reading
In view of quotations from this misleading article that have been published in Florida, the "Dairy News"
quotes in full below an editorial of the Corvalis, Oregon "Gazette-Times" on October 18, 1955:
From The Gazette-Times, Corvalis, Oregon, Oct. 18, 1955
6 Gazette-Times, Corvallis, Oregon, Tuesday, October 18, 1955
Published every evening except Sunday
Office, Third and Jefferson Streets. Corvallis. Oregon.
Entered as second class matter August 1, 1909, at the post office
at Corvallis. Oregon, under Act of March 2, 1875.
R. C. Ingalls, Editor & Publisher B. K. Myers, News Editor
Reader's Digest and Oregon Milk
"Have you noticed much (or any) difference in the rich-
ness or the price of your milk during -the past year? We
haven't. That's why we were surprised to see a sticker on the
front of the Reader's Digest reading, 'Why Milk Cost Less in
The article, written by James Daniel, a veteran Scripps-
Howard Washington D.C. correspondent, points out that other
states should learn from Oregon's experience, if they, too, want
richer, cheaper milk.
Now, don't get us wrong. We're not asking for milk con-
trols again, nor saying milk should be this way or that. (Nat-
urally, we'd all take whipping cream at 10 cents a quart if we
could get it.) We do say, though, that if other states have got-
ten the impression they can change their milk situation by fol-
lowing Oregon's lead, they'd better investigate further.
Actually, the statistics show that milk did become a cent
or so cheaper during the past year in some towns. Now, how-
ever, it has been announced that the price is going back up. The
article says that consumer families in Oregon saved $8,000,000
last year because of the lowered milk prices. Considering there
are only about a million and a quarter people in Oregon, how
does that figure?
Other statistics do show, though, that Oregon dairymen re-
ceived about $5,500,000 less this past year than the year before.
We can't see where anybody benefitted particularly this past
year in the milk setup in Oregon but we can see where the
farmers lost out.
Another thing-while on the price subject. Compared to
cities all over the nation Portland's milk price for the last dec-
ade has not been out of line. In October 1954, the retail price
of milk in Portland was lower than in 83 other cities of the na-
tion. No great change, worthy of an article in a national maga-
zine, has occurred during the past year.
The article also states that since Oregon milk in the past
year has become so much cheaper and better 'the people of
Oregon are DRINKING their milk again.' It also says that for '20
years, except for a period during the war, Oregon milk con-
sumption had been going down.'
Statistics (kept in routine files long before the milk
fuss started in this state) show that since 1947 sales of milk
in Oregon have increased at practically the same rate as the
population, with no significant change in fluid milk consump-
tion per person.
These are examples of only a few of the confusing state-
ments in the article. There are many more.
We understand a telephone call was made from Reader's
Digest to Oregon State college shortly before publication to
check on some of the facts. But the article came out with infor-
mation directly opposite to that supplied by the college.
It makes us wonder-did that telephone call really come
from the offices of Reader's Digest? It's hard to believe the
magazine would be so unreliable.
We also wonder where Daniel got his information about
the milk situation in Oregon? Did he come out here to get his
facts? If so, he wouldn't have had to ask the college for sta-
tistics. He could have asked any man or woman in the streets,
and would have found out that milk has not been richer nor
significantly cheaper here during the past year.
Or did Daniel get his information from someone or some
TWO Oregonians in Washington, D.C., who have been very
much involved in Oregon's milk situation? The way the ma-
terial has been twisted around to make popular reading, whether
it's true or not, hints of Daniel's news source.
Milk is practically the same and costs practically the same
in this state as it did a year ago. It's not fair to tell other states
to follow our lead to get richer, cheaper, milk."
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 37
DAIRY NEWS DIGEST
Members of thb Dairy Industry throughout the State are invited to please
send to the "Florida Dairy News" all news about dairies, dairying and the
good people who devote their time, talents and money to this great industry.
Premium Price-Quality Milk
Makes Florida Appearance
Borden and Foremost Dairies with op-
erations throughout Florida and the Alfar
Creamery, West Palm Beach have re-
cently placed on the market a new special
quality and premium priced milk.
The Borden milk is known as "Gail
Borden Quality Milk" while the Fore-
most and Alfar Creamery milk is known
as a "Multi-Vitamin Fortified Milk."
All provide a high percentage of
recommended daily needs of the essen-
tial vitamins and minerals and sell at
a one-cent premium above the price of
homogenized Grade A milk.
Florida Dairymen Attend
National Dairy Conventions
Florida had its usual quota of dairy
executives in attendance at the 1955 An-
nual Conventions of the Milk Industry
Foundation and the International Associa-
tion of Ice Cream Manufacturers held in
St. Louis, October 24-28.
The Ice Cream Convention was held
October 24-26 and the Milk Foundation
Convention, October 26-28 with joint
sessions of the two organizations on the
The Convention programs of these two
groups are serious and hard-working ses-
sions with some four thousand persons
attending general business and confer-
ence sessions during the morning and
numerous separate clinic and conference
meetings on many different subjects dur-
ing the afternoon.
Among those attending from Florida
were A. R. Nielsen and Bill Gooding,
West Palm Beach; T. G. Lee and Bill
Seeburger of Orlando; Mr. and Mrs. Paul
Reinhold, Mr. and Mrs. Cotton Paul, Mr.
and Mrs. Cody Skinner and Mr. and Mrs.
E. T. Lay, Jacksonville.
C. Raymond Brock of the Brock-Hall
Dairy, New Haven, Connecticut was
elected M.I.F. president to succeed Dr.
Bruce Baldwin of Philadelphia, who
served two one-year terms.
ODHAM FOR GOVERNOR?
,A capitol political writer sees a strong
possibility that if the Supreme Court
should rule LeRoy Collins may not suc-
ceed himself, Brailey Odham will be the
candidate of the Collins' forces.
Florida Veterinarians Elect
Jacksonville Man President
Dr. Peter Roy, Jacksonville veterinar-
ian, was elected president of the Florida
Veterinary Medical Association at their
annual convention held in Jacksonville
late in October.
Other officers of the organization
elected were Dr. Ed Whaley, Kissim-
mee, vice-president, Dr. Robert Knowles,
Miami, secretary, and Dr. Ralph Porter,
Name Dairy Committee
Reflecting years of pleasant and coop-
erative relations between the Veterinary
Association and the Florida Dairy As-
sociation, the convention authorized the
appointment of a new standing commit-
tee on Dairy Industry Relations.
Those appointed on the committee are:
Dr. Robert Riedel, Fort Pierce, Chair-
man; Dr. A. E. Corbin, Bradenton; Dr.
W. Branch, Bradenton, and Dr. G. H.
The Florida Dairy Association has
maintained a special Veterinary Relations
Committee for a number of years with
Dr. Karl Owens of Gainesville as chair-
man. Dr. Owens was also recently named
by the F.V.M.A. as chairman of Veter-
inary Relations with the Florida Livestock
Another important action of the con-
vention of interest to the dairy industry
was the adoption of a resolution endors-
ing and urging the appropriation of addi-
tional Federal funds for the Florida pro-
gram of the Livestock Board which seeks
to eliminate Brucellosis or Bangs disease
in Florida beef and dairy cattle.
The Florida Veterinary Convention was
held jointly with the Southern ,V.M.A.
convention with a combined attendance
of over 700 veterinarians.
NORLEE THORNHILL TO MANAGE
VELDA POLK COUNTY BRANCH
Norlee Thornhill, formerly manager
of Polk County Cooperative Dairies, has
joined the Velda Milk and Ice Cream
Company and will be manager of their
new plant at Winter Haven. The Velda
Company expansion program to serve the
West Coast area calls for the immediate
construction of a $200,000.00 milk plant
and the erection of an ice cream storage
Oris Combee is the new manager of
the Polk County Cooperative Dairies.
SOUTHERN ICE CREAM GROUP
MEETS IN BOCA RATON
The 1955 41st Annual Convention
of the Southern Association of Ice Cream
Manufacturers is scheduled to meet No-
vember 21-23 in Boca Raton, Florida.
The 1954 conven-
.ion was held in St.
Presiding over the
-onvention will be
Florida's own Jack
Dairies manager at
Orlando, who is
president of South-
TIERNEY ern Association.
C. D. Wayne of
Miami, who is Florida manager of South-
ern Dairies and President of the Florida
Dairy Association, is Florida's second
director of the Southern Association.
The advance program indicates 'that
the hundreds of ice cream executives who
will attend from throughout the country
may expect generous portions of the
latest information on ice cream, as well
as an abundance of inspiration, fellow-
ship and recreation.
On the official program are such out-
standing speakers as Bob North, IAICM,
Robert Allen, Editor, Washington Merry-
Go-Round; Eddie Rickenbacker; Humor-
ist Edmund Harding; Charlotte Mont-
gomery, noted Consumer Relations Con-
sultant, and Dr. George D. Heaton,
well known T-V and Radio Speaker and
Consultant in Human Relations.
One quart of MILK is 2 pounds of
Nature's most nearly perfect food.
MILK is one of the outstanding food
buys today. Here is why:
This is the quart of
milk you get at to-
day's Florida prices
which have increased
only about 60% since
This is the amount of
Syou would get at to-
day's price had milk
prices risen as much
as the average of 25
other principal foods
and home necessities
in Florida, which
have increased about
146% since 1940,
according to recent
studies made of Mi-
38 FLOR IDA DAIRY NEWS
U. Of F. Dairy Specialist
On Costa Rican Assignment
Dr. Sidney P. Marshall, Dairy Hus-
bandry Specialist of the University of
Florida, is scheduled to leave late in
November for a special ten weeks assign-
ment as a special advisor to the Ministry
of Agriculture of Costa Rica, Central
The assignment is
under the auspices of
the U. S. Foreign
tration and by spe-
cial contract between
S this agency, the Uni-
S versity of Florida
and the Costa Rican
I j Government.
MARSH L Dr. Marshall's
services have been
requested for the purpose of surveying
present dairy farming methods and prob-
lems and for advising with the Ministry
of Agriculture on plans for the future
development of the dairy industry in
National Sale of Holsteins
Shows Average of $1227.
The 77 head of registered Holsteins
that sold in the National Convention Sale
at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on June 2,
brought an average of $1227 per head.
High individual was the two year old
daughter of Pabst Roamer, consigned by
Pabst Farms, that went for $4000 and the
top bull was an eighteen month old son
of Wis Leader, c6dsigned by Pabst-
Knutson, that sold for $3650. Both of
these animals went to South America.
Bidding generally was brisk and the high
average price paid was indicative not only
of the demand for good registered Hol-
steins but of the noticeable strengthening
of the whole dairy market.
Dairies Featured In
Two former Dade County dairymen
now operating large farms in Palm Beach
County have been featured in recent is-
sues of the Palm Beach Post.
Julian T. Stewart, an F.D.A. Director,
has 500 acres west of Delray Beach and
Charles W. Steele, Jr. operates M & S
Dairy Farms, Inc., south of Delray West
With five-column lay-outs of pictures
of men, cows and milking barns, the
articles represent a good way to educate
the public on how a producer has to
work, how extensive is his investment
and how long range his planning must
Two Guernsey Herds Merged
In Martin County
The fine Guernsey herds of Coastal
Dairy and Boutwell's Dairy have been
combined under the management of a
new corporation to be called Boutwell-
Matheson, Inc. and a scientifically mod-
ern milk-producing plant is to be estab-
lished at Palm City in Martin County.
The Boutwells have sold their 664 acres
of improved pastures at Lake Worth but
will continue as distributors there.
Work is underway on a giant new
milking barn to milk 120 cows at a
time and a new calf barn to house 50
calves. The Coastal Dairy barn is to be
used as a test barn and Dr. Roy Bair,
consulting agronomist, will direct the
testing program under the American
Guernsey Cattle Club. Both Boutwells
and Coastal Dairy herds have had some
of the finest Guernsey stock in the State
and they will produce Golden Guernsey
milk for distribution by Boutwell's Dairy
in Lake Worth.
Officers of the new corporation are:
W. A. Boutwell, president; William J.
Matheson, 1st vice-president; W. A.
Boutwell, Jr., 2nd vice-president; George
H. Boutwell, secretary-treasurer. Mrs.
Matheson and Hardy Matheson of Mi-
ami, attorney brother of the Palm City
dairyman and rancher, directors.
PINELLAS COUNTY HERD
SOLD AT PUBLIC AUCTION
The Pinellas County Home Guernsey
herd of 11 cows and 10 heifers were to be
sold November 18 at public auction. This
complete dispersal was made necessary be-
cause of the new ruling of the County
and State Health Departments requiring
that all milk furnished to rest homes and
other public places which they have in-
terpreted to mean the County Home
must pasteurize their milk. Since this is
not considered practical for the Home
dairy, they will buy processed milk in the
This herd has been accredited for sev-
eral years and all the cows sold were
calfhood vacinated with Strain 19 and
were negative to Bangs and T.B.
30 Tons Silage Per Acre
On Okaloosa County Farm
Thirty tons of silage per acre and a
total harvest of about 800 tons for winter
feed is 'the record made this year on a
1400 acre dairy farm in Okaloosa County.
Clyde T. Reece, manager of one of the
largest dairy operations in West Florida,
has used a combination of a new forage
called Sart and Texas Seeded Ribbon
Cane. He has 400 acres of improved
pastures for his 230 head of dairy cattle,
also. For his silage he uses three trench
BEEF COUNCIL FORMED ON
SALE, USE OF FLORIDA BEEF
Twenty leaders of the state's livestock
industry met at Tampa in October to form
the Florida Beef Council whose chief
function will be to promote the sale
and use of Florida beef. A voluntary
assessment of 10 cents per head on
cattle sold to packers or through the
auctions is to be used for this purpose.
Members of the executive board of the
new council include: P. E. Williams,
Davenport, representing FCA; H. C. Mc-
Collum, Jr., Tampa and Lakeland auc-
tion markets operator, representing Flori-
da Assn. of Livestock Markets; J. B.
Hawkins of Lykes Brothers, Tampa, rep-
resenting Florida Meat Packers Assn.,
plus members to be named by Florida
Dairy Association, Florida Milk Pro-
ducers Association and Florida Bankers
Officers are: Maurice L. Hollins, Crys-
tal River rancher who previously served
as beef promotion chairman for Florida
Cattlemen's Assn., chairman; George
Young, Belle Glade livestock market op-
erator, vice chairman; June Gunn, Kis-
simmee, secretary, and Elmo Griffin, Kis-
simmee, treasurer. Gunn is secretary and
Griffin, assistant secretary of Florida Cat-
Jay B. Starkey, Largo, president of
Florida Cattlemen's Assn. and chairman
of Florida State Livestock Board says
that 40 per cent of the slaughtered cattle
in the U. S. come from dairy herds.
Mount Dora Distribution
Bought By T. G. Lee Dairy
Ivan and Cecil Parker of the Sunset
Valley Dairy in Mount Dora have sold
their distribution business to T. G. Lee
Dairy of Orlando. The Lee Dairy will
process and sell the Sunset Valley milk
which Ivan Parker will produce. Cecil
Parker will return to college.
Dairy Foods Contribute
Much In American Diet
A report of the Bureau of Human
Nutrition of the U. S. Department of
Agriculture shows dairy foods as con-
tributing the following percentages to the
total nutrients in the United States food
supply in 1952:
Food Energy.............................. 16.6
P rotein ......................................26 .0
Fat ................. .. ..... ................ 24.7
Carbohydrate ............................ 8.1
C alcium ...................................76.2
Iron .................... ................... 3.6
Vitamin A Value...................... 18.5
Thiam ine .................................. 1.4
R iboflavin ................................ 48.3
N iacin ................................ 4.2
Ascorbic Acid............................ 5.9
FOURTH QUARTER, 1955 39
ADAMS PACKING ASSN., INC.
Citrus Pulp, Citrus Meal, Citrus Molasses
Jim Coates, Sales Mgr., By-Products Division
Chocolate Products Fruits and Flavors
205 Como Street, Tampa Phl. 85-6902
DAIRY & FOOD EQUIPMENT, INC.
General Office: 1034 N.W. 22nd St.
Miami, Fla. Telephone 9-3679
PURE-PAK MILK CONTAINERS
O. S. NEWSOM, JR.
IPhone: EV 7-7i8:1
1i62 S. McDuff Jacksonville, Fla.
CHARLES DENNERY, INC.
Ice Cream Coating, Fruits and Flavors
Ira Stone 1026 E. Walnut St.
Phl. Mutual 5-3284
JAMES V. DEMAREST
Fine Chemicals, Vitamins and Minerals
Chemo Puro Mfg. Corp.
Hanovia Chemical & Mfg. Co.
r. 0. Box 787 Deland, Fla.
Sold direct to the dairyman
D. W. Parfitt Ben Zirin, Ph.G.
GULF PAPER COMPANY, INC.
Ice Cream (Linerless) Cartons,
J. H. McVoy
50 E. Magnolia St. Pensacola, Fla.
DOUGLAS J. HEADFORD
Green Spot Orangeade Concentrate
Krim-Ko Chocolate Flavorings
616 Jessamine Ave. Phone 2-0148
Daytona Beach, Fla.
HELM SANITATION CHEMICALS
HANS B. AHLEFELDT
Phone: ELgin 3-5721
Union Terminal Warehouse
Land O' Lakes Non-fat Milk Solids
Bireley's Dairy Orange Base
Welch Mfg. Co. Ice Cream Spoons
Route 9, Box 356 Jacksonville, Fla.
Chocolate or Ice Cream and Milk
JOE L. HAMMONS
Rte. 1, Box 304 TELEPHONE
Odessa, Florida Tampa 90-2396
Dariloid Dricoid and Sherbelizer
JOE E. ANDERSON
891 Ponce de Leon Avenue, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia
KIECKHEFER CONTAINER CO.
Pure-Pak Paper Milk Bottles
R. J. Evans M. A. Knowles
Phone ELgin 6-1334
4700 Pearl St. Jacksonville, Fla.
S. H. MAHONEY EXTRACT CO.
D. C. Mulligan, Florida Representative
221 E. Cullerton Rd.
Chicago 16, Ill.
Division of American Motors Corporation
WM. C. MAYFIELD
Howell Iouse Suite 202
NATIONAL PECTIN PRODUCTS CO.
Ice Cream Stabilizers & Emulsifiers
Pectin Stabilizers for Ices. Sherbets & Fruits
J. C. Head
Phone Norfolk, Va., LOwell 3-3939
RFD No. 1, Box 48, Bayside, Va.
NEWTH-MORRIS BOX CORP.
Ice Cream, Popsicle, and
Miscellaneous Folding Boxes
Jacksonville, Fla., Phone: ELgin 3-9779
Miami, Fla., Phone: MUrray 8-8431
OWENS-ILLINOIS GLASS CO.
Douglas Milk Bottles
C. W. Parmalee WV. H. Adams
1102 Barnett Bldg. Jax. 2, Fla.
Phone ELgin 3-6134-5
PAUL-LEWIS LABORATORIES, INC.
Lactivase-For the Prevention of oxidized flavor
in bottled milk, ice cream, storage cream
FLAVOR-PAK FOODS, INC., Miami, Fla.
PENN SALT CHEMICALS
BK Powder Cleaners Acids
Bottle Washing Alkalies
2505 Bethaway Ave., Orlando, Fla.
James M. Stewart Dave Freeman
SCHAEFER ICE CREAM CABINETS
2209 E. Broadway, Phone 4-3362
2320 Edwards Ave., EV 7-7011
1215 W. Central Ave., 5-5179
Miami-1034 N.W. 22nd St., Ph. 82-1671
DUDLEY CAWTHON, INC.
E. G. "Don" Graham
STANDARD PACKAGING CORPN.
Tamper Proof Seals Flexible Vacuum
Packages Liner Materials
1121 duPont Bldg. Miami, Fla.
THATCHER GLASS MFG. CO., INC.
Glass Milk Containers
W. T. LOVE, Florida Representative
3221 Pinehurst PI. Charlotte 7, N.C.
UNIVERSAL MILKING MACHINE
Pail-less (Pipe line) Milking Machines
L. H. Hall Factory Representative
5240 N.W. 7th Avenue
40 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
FLORIDA DAIRY ASSOCIATION
Special Card Ad Directory
Would You Like A Bull From Excellent Heritage ?
Three of these excellent cows are due to calve
this winter and in all probability one or more will
have bulls. The fourth one, Mapleton's Maxim Con-
nie, has a grandson born June 10, 1955: Inquiries
DINSMORE MAYROYAL JEDETTA
VERY GOOD '51 EXCELLENT '53, '54
Gr. Ch. & Best Udder, Fla. 1952
Due December 22 to Dinsmore Juryman
Sire: Foremost May Royalty
DINSMORE MAYROYAL WINNIE
EXCELLENT '51 DESIRABLE '53
Due February 5, 1956 to Quail
Roost Noble Yeoman
2 AR Daughters
Sire: Foremost May Royalty
DINSMORE MAXMOST HONORIA
VERY GOOD '51 EXCELLENT '53
Due January 25, 1956 to
S I Foremost May Royalty
Sire: Quail Roost Maxmost
MAPLETON'S MAXIM CONNIE
14063-654-5 Yr. 365C
DESIRABLE '51 EXCELLENT '53
Dam of Dinsmore Maple Connie
VERY GOOD '53
"Maple Connie's" son by Quail Roost
Nobel Yeoman was born June 10, 1955
FEDERAL ACCREDITED 57790 J. B. LANOUX, Herdsman NEGATIVE TO BANG'S
10 miles north of Jacksonville
Dinsmore Farms Near u. s. 1 Dinsmore, Florida
V. C. JOHNSON EARL A. JOHNSON CHARLES F. JOHNSON BRADY S. JOHNSTON
BOTH are built by SURGE
The Surge Diagonal Stall, first sold
in 1935, is now widely used by C+
.... dairymen all over the world. Built
of finest high-carbon steel for the t
greatest possible strength and long-
SlI 'est life, it is specially designed to
handle your herd- no matter what P
breed you may have so you get
the very best milking job.
Sii This is the new member of the
It Surge Parlor Stall family built to
r give all the strength and long life
a or for which all Surge Stalls are
known and designed especially for
the dairyman who wants his cows
to walk in a straight line through
his milking parlor.
SU With the Circle-Gate stall and feed
Write TODAY for your Surge Circle-Gate Stall booklet, box, you can now let out two cows
... put in two new cows and feed
them without taking a single step.
EASY TERMS Copyright 1955 BABSON BROS. Co.
ALL Surge Equipment BABSON BROS. CO.
S n 2843 W. 19TH STREET CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
Available on Easy Terms. ATLANTA HOUSTON KANSAS CITY MINNEAPOLIS SACRAMENTO
SEATTLE SYRACUSE TORONTO