U. S. Dept.
25, D. C.
4. MILKING COWS
The milking cow at right
is 6 years old and was con-
ditioned on Purina D &
F Chow. She is now be-
ing fed Purina Milk
Chow and Purina Body
Roughage according to
her production. She is
now producing 44 pounds
of milk daily.
The heifer shown at right
was 12 months old last
month. Like all heifers
in the Collins herd. she
was started out on Calf
Startena, and is being
grown out on Purina 1) &
F Chow. I 11, at time
of 11...1.L-.' '1i. was 750
~~.1 DR COWSC
1. DRY COwS
1. DRY COWS
The Jake Collins herd at
Oneco is on the Purina
Program and the dry cow
shown at left is lI..iii. con-
ditioned on Purina 1) & F
Chow. She is a grade
Jersey, 8 years old, a five-
gallon per-day producer,
and was due to freshen
Jan. 1. Weight in mid-
December was 1100
This heifer calf was 4
months old on Dec. 23,
1951. Raised on Purina
Calf Startena from 4 days
of age, she weighed 275
pounds in mid-December
when the picture at left
Jake Collins AT ONECO
GETS 3-GALLON AVERAGE ON
Progressive dairymen throughout
Florida are finding that it pays to
use the full Purina Program in the
management of their dairy herds.
Jake Collins at Oneco is among
those who are enthusiastic about
the results of using Purina Calf Star-
tena, Purina \ ilk Chow and Purina
D & F Chow along with good pasture
on a consistent program.
"A trip to the Purina Research Farm about 21/
years ago completely sold me that those Purina folks
know how to build herd capacity and long milking
"Since then I have fed nothing but Purina for
more than two years and it's paid off in better con-
ditioning and production for my herd."
The Collins herd of grade Guernseys and Jerseys
is now milking (i cows and getting a three-gallon
2 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
J. naEircn a
Georgia Dairymen Answer Critics of Milk Price Control Law
THE GEORGIA SUPREME COURT has held the price control powers of the
Georgia Milk Control Board to be unconstitutional. Certain Georgia
and Florida newspapers who are enemies of Milk Price Control have used
the Georgia Court action as another opportunity to editorialize against
the actions of both the Georgia and Florida Milk Control Laws and call-
ing for their repeal.
The Georgia Dairy Industry through an editorial in the "Georgia
Dairy News Digest" has pointed out some very convincing facts concern-
ing the real value of Milk Price Control in that State. The FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS believes our readers would like to know these facts because the ex-
perience of Florida Dairymen and Florida Milk Consumers under the
Florida Milk Commission is almost identical with the experience in Geor-
gia as related in the above-mentioned editorial. We quote the editorial
"In 1937 the dairy industry in Georgia was in a condition of chaos.
Prices paid to the farmer did not justify-much less encourage-the pro-
ducton of milk. The production per cow and the per capital consumption
was much lower than the national average for either. Average dairy cows
and accepted dairy practices were almost unknown. Per capital purchas-
ing power was low in Georgia as was per capital supply of milk and dairy
"To relieve this situation and give encouragement in Georgia to the
development of the dairy industry the General Assembly adopted the Milk
Control Law. Whether one agrees with its purpose or its administration
is, of course, their privilege but certain facts must not be overlooked.
"Since 1937 the amount of Georgia produced milk reaching the con-
sumer has about doubled; the per capital income has almost tripled; the
per capital consumption in the major markets has doubled and more.
Production per cow has increased almost 20 percent while the number of
cows has increased about 8 percent.
"The investment per cow in a grade A dairy has more than tripled
while the return per cow has approximately doubled. During this time
the cost of processing and distributing milk and manufacturing dairy pro-
ducts has steadily increased.
"Strange as it may seem the consumer price of milk in Georgia has
increased less, percentage wise, under price control than other food pro-
ducts not under price control and about 8 percent less than all other foods
since OPS went into effect January 25, 1951. Now our Supreme Court
says that state price controls are unconstitutional. Don't forget, however,
we have Federal Price Controls in effect and they are generally supported
by all groups of consumers. Actually milk, under federal controls, can
go to 27 cents per quart in most of Georgia and 29 cents in some sections,
before OPS can check the price. No such increases are contemplated at
"Whether we like price controls or not, we have them. That the
consumer in Georgia has profited by price controls of milk is an estab-
lished fact. That the stable conditions in the industry, as a result of state
price control, has contributed materially to the development of the in-
dustry is without question."
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
E. T. LAY, Editor
Official Publication of
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n
THEO DATSON, President
E. T. LAY, Executive Director
Florida Guernsey Cattle Club
JOHN SERGEANT, President
of Milk Sanitarians
LEWIS T. SMITH, President
Florida Dairy News
WILMER BASSETT, Chairman
THEO DATSON JOHN SERGEANT
FRANK B. DOUBT LEWIS T. SMITH
DR. E. L. FOUTS AL CODY
F. W. DECKLAR W. J. BARRITT, JR.
Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
FRANK B. DOUB, Jacksonville
VERNON GRAVES, Limona
C. RAY JOHNSON, St. Petersburg
GEORGE F. JOHNSON, West Palm Beach
LASKEY FOSTER, Cantonment
WILMER BASSETT, Monticello
FREEMAN HALES, Opa Locka
HERMAN BURNETT, Bradenton
J. N. MCARTHUR, Miami
H. CODY SKINNER, Jacksonville
THEO DATSON, Orlando
L. S. ROBINSON, Jacksonville
GORDON NIELSEN, West Palm Beach
W. J. BARRITT, JR., Tampa
A. E. (JACK) JOHNSON, Jacksonville
O. L. BOBO, President "Alligator Club"
SAM SOLOMON, SR., Honorary Director
THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS is published
monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10
Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida, for
Florida Dairy Industry Association, 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville, Florida. Sub-
scription price of $1.00 for two years included
in dues for membership in the association.
Entered as second class mail August 8, 1951,
at the Post Office at Kissimmee, Fla., under
Act of March 3, 1879, as amended.
Business and Editorial office 220 Newnan
Member Florida Press Association
Member National Editorial Association
FOR JANUARY, 1952 3
The Principles of America
Fifth and final chapter of a series from "Primer For Americans" by Sigurd S. Larmon. A complete bound
copy will be mailed upon request to "the Editor Florida Dairy News".
Principles of Individual Responsibility...
THROUGHOUT OUR history, Americans have believed that every person has certain rights
and duties and responsibilities. Those things that people believe are called principles.
Freedom for individuals carries with it an equal responsibility to use that freedom
wisely. Therefore, if we wish to remain free, we must faithfully fulfill our responsi-
bilities as free men.
P asture and hay provide the
cheapest feed for all classes of
livestock-and are real labor-savers
Comparative studies indicate the
response from fertilizer on grass-
lands is as great, or greater, as on
any other crop grown. One ton of
fertilizer produces enough grass,
when properly utilized, to give 1ooo
pounds of beef or 80ooo pounds of
milk. At today's prices this means
a big return from every dollar in-
vested in fertilizer.
Look over your pastures-and fig-
ure how much more profit better
pastures can put in your pocket.
DEPEND ON GULF for special-
formula pasture fertilizers.
There's a GULF Field Represent-
ative in your section. He'll be glad
to recommend a grass-making
program-ask him to call. If you
don't know him, write direct and
your inquiry will receive prompt
The GULF FERTILIZER COMPANY
Tampa and Port Everglades, Fla.
I. The Individual is Responsible for
himself and his Family. He must protect
them and provide for their present and
2. The Individual has Responsibilities
to the Groups of which he is a part. He
must give of his best to his community, his
church, his employer, his union, and to
every group in which individuals cooper-
ate for their mutual benefit.
3. The Individual has Responsibilities
to his Country. He must be an active
citizen, interesting himself in local, state,
and national government, voting wisely,
thinking and speaking and acting to pre-
serve and strengthen freedom, equality
and opportunity for every individual.
4. The Individual has Responsibilities
to the World. Man's horizons have ex-
panded. What happens in the world af-
fects him, and his actions can affect the
world. Today, therefore, each man has
a responsibility to act-and to encourage
his country to act-so that freedom and
cooperation will be encouraged among
the people and the nations of the world.
For America's Future
Most of us are still confident of our-
selves and of our country. We do not
claim perfection. But we have faith in
our ability to move forward, to improve,
to grow, to provide more and more indi-
viduals with more and more of everything
they want and need in life...
If we, the people of the United States,
want to have more material benefits, we
must believe in and follow these two prin-
5, The only way we can Have More is
to Produce More; and
6. As we Produce More, we must make
Nte Price of fiberth
Is Eternal vigilance
SEOPLE do not have to
aJbe conquered by an
army to lose their fre-doan.
It can slip away-painlessly
-through mistrust and hate
and surrender of their rights.
Freedom can be traded for
of a better life-without
working for it. It can disap-
pear before you know It
through greed, prejudice, or
just plain lainoess.
That must not happen to
America, as it has happened
throughout the world,
throughout history. We must
fight for freedom in our
daily lives.. by taking the
time and trouble to vote
wisely... by protecting our
own rights and the rights of
others ... and by showing
our faith in America by
everything we think, say,
it possible for More and More People to
Enjoy that which we Produce. If we, the
people of the United States, want to have
a better life, spiritually as well as material-
7. We must stand firmly for our Be-
liefs, our Rights, our Principles. Walt
Whitman, writing nearly loo years ago,
put it this way: "There is no week, nor
day, nor hour when tyranny may not
enter upon this country if the people lose
their supreme confidence in them-
selves..." There are those who would
chip away our confidence so that their
special brand of tyranny might creep into
America. They must not succeed. So,
let us ask of every plan, or act, or idea...
Is it With or Against the Principles of
Reports Reveal Many Milk Price Increases
T'HE FOLLOWING milk price increases have
been recently announced:
Chicago-Increased prices to farmers
ranged from 3.60 to 12.80 per cwt. accord-
ing to Class of milk.
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Increased prices
to farmers to $4.595 and $3.745 per cwt.
for Class I and 2 milk respectively.
Milwaukee-Increased 1t per quart, re-
Van Wert, O.-Increased io per quart,
Ogdensburg, N. Y.-Increased 1o per
Toronto, Ont.-Increased i10 per qt.
Utica, N. Y.-Increased i1 per qt. retail.
7oplin, Mo.-Increased 10 per qt. retail.
Houston, Texas-Increased 360 per cwt.
Rochester, N. Y.-Increased 13g per cwt.
Springfield, Mass.-Increased JO per qt.
IF YOU expect to take anything out of the
UDDER end of the cow, it is first nec-
cessary to put something into the OTHER
4 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
THE 1951 HOLIDAY season has held more
than the usual significance for the Fore-
most Dairies family of some three
Foremost is observing the twentieth
anniversary of the founding of the com-
pany which has grown from the orig-
inal home plant, established in Jackson-
ville in 1931, to a family of plants now
serving 43 communities in 8 Southern
States from North Carolina to Texas.
Now ranking as
the South's largest
and one of the na-
tion's nine largest,
Foremost sales vol-
ume has seen a
sion in a brief 20
S* > years from $1,ooo,-
000ooo.oo to almost
REINHOLD $60,000,000.00 annu-
ally...An amount comparable to the
annual dairy products sales volume of
the entire Dairy Industry of Florida
This is a record of which Foremost's
President, Paul E. Reinhold, as well as
the entire Foremost executive staff and
three thousand employees, can justly be
The observance of Foremost's 2oth
Anniversary has seen a number of special
events in various Foremost plants and
the Jacksonville home office. The most
significant of these, however, was a
special luncheon meeting held in Mr.
Reinhold's honor, November 27th, at
the Soreno Hotel, St. Petersburg during
the 1951 Convention of the Southern
Association of Ice Cream Manufacturers.
On this occasion about 150 Foremost
executives and managers in attendance
at the Ice Cream Convention and Fore-
most's annual management conference
were joined by over 150 Dairy Supplies
and Equipment Executives and Repre-
sentatives, Southern Ice Cream Manu-
facturers, and representatives of a num-
ber of National and State Dairy and Ice
Cream Associations in a special program
of observance and celebration of Fore-
most's 20th Anniversary.
In his remarks made to this group, Mr.
Reinhold said he was deeply grateful to
his associates in Foremost and to his
many friends present, without whose
efforts and loyalty the success of the
company would not have been possible.
Mr. Reinhold said he liked to think that
on this 20th Anniversary, Foremost had
"come of age" and that the organization
of 3,000 employees and widespread oper-
ations over many states could now be
The Cover Picture
The Foremost Miami plant-com-
pleted in 1947-is featured on the 7an-
uary Florida Dairy News cover, and
pictured herewith is the Foremost Jack-
sonville plant and home office which
was completed in 1950. These two
plants are featured in this issue in com-
memoration of Foremost's twentieth
likened more to an "institution" than a
Foremost now has Florida plants in
Jacksonville, Miami, Tampa, St. Peters-
burg, Gainesville, Daytona Beach, St.
Augustine, Quincy, Chipley, Orlando
Home office executives, in addition to
Mr. Reinhold, are Harry Marshall, Ex-
ecutive Vice President; J R. Lindley,
Treasurer; Wellington Paul, Vice Presi-
dent; Ed Volkwein and Jack Tierney,
FOR THE third straight year, Polk County
is first place winner in the state 4-H ef-
ficiency contest, according to Clarence
W. Reaves, dairy specialist, and W. W.
Brown, State Boys' 4-H Club Agent, with
the University of Florida Agricultural Ex-
In recognition of the achievement of
Polk County 4-H members whose dairy
projects and records were adjudged the
highest of all competing counties in the
state, the National Dairy Products Corp-
poration, which sponsored the contest,
will present a plaque to County Agent
W. P. Hayman and Assistant County
Agent W. H. Kendrick in their behalf.
A commendable Foremost policy
throughout their history is that of active
interest and participation in civic and
Dairy Trade Association affairs.
The Foremost Foundation in existence
for a number of years gives aid to worthy
In addition to his activities in many
Jacksonville civic organizations, Mr.
Reinhold is now serving as a Director
of the National Dairy Council, the Milk
Industry Foundation, and the Interna-
tional Association of Ice Cream Manu-
Mr. Paul is a Past President of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association and
is now Chairman of one of the Associa-
tion's most important Committees.
Mr. A. E. (Jack) Johnson, Jackson-
ville District Manager, represents Fore-
most on the Board of Directors, Florida
Dairy Industry Association, and Mr. Ed
Volkwein is a former Director of the
Mr. Jack Tierney was recently elected
Florida Director for the Southern Asso-
ciation of Ice Cream Manufacturers.
The sponsor provided cash prizes for the
individual 4-H winner in each district
and plaques for the top individual in the
state and for the county with the best
overall county 4-H dairy program. South-
ern Dairies is the Florida member of the
National Dairy Products Corporation, the
In announcing Polk as the county win-
ner in the state contest, Mr. Reaves
brought out these points on the 4-H mem-
bers' dairy work this year:
Ninety members with log dairy animals
carried out dairy projects.
More than go percent of the members
completed their projects and turned in
FOR JANUARY, 1952 5
Polk County 4-H Clubs
Win State Dairy Honors
Fifty-one of the o19 heifers and cows
included in the Polk program were regis-
tered. and all-registered and grade-were
were bred to high quality purebred bulls.
Polk had 182 entries in county, district,
and state 4-H dairy contests.
Thirty-six members improved pastures,
76 fed minerals to their animals, 82 car-
ried out parasite control practices, and
all members had their animals tested or
vaccin-ited for Bang's disease.
"Polk County," Mr. Reaves said,
"should be proud of these 4-H members
who have handled their dairy projects so
well, and for the third consecutive year
have won state honors in this field."
State 4-H Dairy Work Comes to
Climax in Orlando February 25
THE CLIMAX Of the year's .-H dairy work
will take place on Monday, February 25,
when the State 4-H Dairy Show is held.
Those 4-H Club boys and girls who have
the best animals or who are best in other
4-H dairy events out of the total of over
1oo0 dairy club members will compete for
top honors. The event includes not only
the 4-H dairy cattle show, with "Best
County groups", but also a dairy cattle
judging contest, showmanship contest,
FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
and fitting contest. The Central Florida
Exposition and the State Department of
Agriculture provide a liberal premium
list for this event and the 4-H Club boys
and girls look at this show as the top con-
test in which to show their efficiency in
dairy work and to exhibit their top ani-
mals in competition with the best from all
parts of the state.
Entries of cattle and judging teams are
expected from all parts of the state, in-
cluding Dade, Palm Beach. Duval and
Nassau counties on the extreme ends of
the East Coast, Pinellas on the West
Coast, and Jackson and Gadsden Counties
in the Northwest section of the state with
many counties in between.
The State 4-H Dairy Show is made up
of the best from the various district shows
held in the state. Six district shows were
held in the state in 1951, namely the West
Florida Show at Chipley, the North Flori-
da Area Show at Quincy, the Northeast
Florida Show at Jacksonville, the Central
Florida Show at Orlando, the Ocala Area
Show, and the west Coast Show at Tamnpa.
Many of the counties have county shows
and contests prior to the district shows to
give all the 4-H club members an oppor-
tunity to exhibit and participate in these
events which build the interest of farm
)outh in better methods of raising dairy
cattle and in the development of a better
agriculture. That such a program is giving
results in Florida was demonstrated last
fall when the Florida State l-H Dairy
Judging Team entered the National .-H
Dairy Cattle Judging Contest at Water-
loo, Iowa, and won over all teams.
Dairymen, breeders and all persons in-
terested in the future dairy development
of Florida and in rural youth are invited
to attend the State 4-H Dairy Show and
observe the work of those boys and girls
doing the most outstanding job in .-H
dairy club work. Fairgrounds is located on
Livingston Avenue in Orlando.
Spring Jersey Sale
Marianna April 5
THE ANNUAL spring promotional sale
of the Florida Jersey Cattle Club
will be held in Marianna April 5,
1952. Announced in Marianna by
County Agent W. W. Glenn, the
plans will afford an opportunity for
dairymen in western Florida to im-
prove their herds through the pur-
chase of individuals from the state's
leading registered herds.
6 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Orange County Agricultural Agent is Leader in Dairy Development:
A Tribute to Fred E. Baetzman
and the Dairymen of Orange County
THE BEST COWs produce the largest quan-
tity of high quality milk most economic-
That's the foundation of the dairy pro-
gram in Orange County, and it's respon-
sible for the outstanding progress made by
dairymen and family cow owners, accord-
ing to County Agent F. E. Baetzman.
"The best cows
are those which have
the bes t breeding,
the best feeding and
the best care." the
sion Service worker
points out. "And by
emphasizing t h e s e
factors, dairymen in
this county are im- BAETZMAN
proving their herds
and milk production rapidly."
Permanent pastures, breeding associa-
tions which permit dairymen to raise their
own replacements at low cost and good
management practices are the factors on
which these dairymen are concentrating.
And results of their efforts, with Baetz-
man's advice and guidance, can be seen
in their outstanding record.
"We have 43 dairies with over 5,0oo
cows which supply the Orlando milk shed
with high quality milk," Baetzman says
proudly. "Out in the county, about 1,ooo
family cows supply our farm families with
The Orange County Agent already had
an excellent record in helping and en-
couraging dairymen to do their job better,
cheaper and easier. Before starting his
work in the Orlando area in 1946, Baetz-
man was county agent in Volusia. In
his 11 years of service there, he made a
name for himself as one of the leaders
in organizing the Pioneer Dairy Herd Inm-
provement Association. He was instru-
mental in organizing the Volusia County
Dairymen's Association and assisted those
men in obtaining purebred herds.
And his dairy leadership in Orange
County has been equally outstanding.
That dairymen and cattlemen around
Orlando are interested in developing per-
manent pastures is evidenced by the fact
that to date they have planted more than
50,000 acres. The most popular grass in
this area now is Pangola, but considerable
acreage also has been planted to Pensa-
cola and Common Bahia, and others.
Good grass with clover has helped con-
siderably to reduce production costs. And
the clover which has proved most success-
ful is White Dutch-a clover program
Baetzman has been pushing since his days
as Volusia County Agent. He estimates
that more than 10,000 acres have been
planted in Orange County recently-and
he's been right in the midst of it, show-
ing farmers what results it produces and
obtaining seed in quantity for the dairy-
men and cattlemen who are interested.
"Last year, three dairymen in the area
decided to irrigate their White Dutch
clover pastures," Baetzman reports. "And
The two top panels illustrate the Kenland
clover and alfalfa demonstrations, res-
pectively, on the Glen Datson dairy near
Orlando. Pictured is Friat Suner of Tur-
key with Baetzman (top) and Datson (in
second panel). The third panel illus-
trates Pangola grass pasture of E. S. Dill
on the Winter Garden road near Ocoee,
and bottom picture illustrates a pasture
irrigation program on the Datson farm.
Carroll Ward and County Agent Baetz-
man are shown (left) inspecting a White
Dutch clover reseeding practice on im-
proved Dallis grass pasture, and at right
the Orange county agent is shown on the
Para grass pasture of George Terry's Mag-
nolia ranch in the Fall of 1947.
they were very well pleased with the re-
sults. They found that a little water at
the right time can boost a clover pasture
along in the winter when the cows need
something green and there is a heavy de-
mand for milk."
Four Orange County dairymen were
among the eight progressive men in
Central Florida who formed the first cow-
testing association ten years ago. To-
gether with four Volusia County dairy-
men, at the time when Baetzman was
county agent there, they organized the
Pioneer Dairy Herd Improvement Asso-
ciation. In 1949, at Baetzman's instiga-
tion, seven more dairymen from Orange
County joined the original four to make
the present Orange County Dairy Herd
Improvement Association. The county
agent is secretary of this group. Led by
George Baumeister of Orlando, its tester,
the group has made excellent progress.
Baumeister won honors for the Associa-
tion in 1951 when he was declared cham-
pion cow tester in the state.
In statistics, the DHIA showed much
improvement in two years' time. The
average milk production in 1950 was 6,414
pounds per cow-and in 1951, 7,115
pounds per cow. Butterfat production
increased from 280 to 320 pounds per cow
in the same period, while the percentage
of butterfat went from 4.4 to 4.5 percent.
"This progress was made possible be-
cause careful attention to records en-
abled the dairymen to cull out 836 low-
producing cows from 11 herds during the
past two years," Baetzman points out.
FOR JANUARY, 1952 7
It's in the Big Bag
Citrus by-product feeds
are again in production,
however, supplies remain
Early placement of re-
quirements with your feed
dealers to insure contin-
Remember It's in the
High Protein Citrus
Molasses Available Now
For Information Write
Florida Guernseys Shipped by
Air to West Indies; New Record?
A RECENT SHIPMENT Of five of Florida's finest Guernseys by air to the West Indies
from the Dinsmore Dairy herd, Jacksonville, is believed to have marked up a new
record for Guernseys as well as for the Florida Dairy Industry.
So far as we are able to learn the shipment was the first from Florida's pure-
bred Dairy herds to the West Indies. Neither are we advised of any previous ship-
ment of as many as five Dairy animals by air from Florida.
Mr. V. C. Johnson, President of the Dinsmore Dairy Farms, Jacksonville is quite
proud of the shipment of five of the best ol h's young Guernsey animals, one bull
and four heifers to a herd in the Domini-
can Republic, West Indies, owned by a
member of the family of the President of
The animals were placed in special
crates for airplane shipment and taken i ll
from Jacksonville to Miami by truck "
under the care of Earl Johnson, eldest
son of V. C. Johnson and a partner in
Dinsmore Farms. From there they went
by Dominican Airlines' giant Clipper to
The Dinsmore Dairy Farms and other
Florida breeders have shipped a number
of animals to Cuba and several of these
were inspected in Cuban herds at i
Havana by a group of nineteen from
the Florida Dairy Industry while on a
special three-day Cuban tour in Novem-
her of last year. Mr. V. C. Johnson was
one of this group and derived special
satisfaction in seeing some of the ani- ,
mals he had previously shipped to Cuba.
Meet April 2-4
THE EIGHTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE and
Short Course of Florida Milk Sanitarians
will be held April 2-4 according to an-
nouncement of Dr. Howard Wilkowske,
Secretary and Treasurer of the Associa- ,
This meeting will be held at the Dairy
Products Laboratory in cooperation with .
the University of Florida and Agricul-
tural Experiment Station.
The Short Course program will be
conducted by members of the Dairy
Science Staff, University of Florida.
The annual session of the Milk Sanitari-
ans Association will be in charge of
Lewis T. Smith, President.
"Guernsey Airlift" in pictures As if
competing at a daily show, five Guernseys
little suspect a long journey dressed
in their best Sunday blankets, ready for
a truck ride, 7acksonville to Miami *
At Miami International airport animals
are individually crated Power hoist
equipment gently lifts each crate up to
the giant cargo plane Off on a
strange 850-mile journey to a new home in
the West Indies!
8 FLORIDA DAIRY
Milk Foundation Announces
1952 Sales Training Courses
THE MILK INDUSTRY FOUNDATION, Wash-
ington, D. C., has announced plans for
a special 1952 Sales Training Institute
to consist of nine classes of eleven days
each spread throughout the year.
The Institute will be conducted under
the direction of Mr. Tom Douglas, the
Foundation's new Educational Director,
and will be held at the M.I.F. headquar-
ters. 1625 Eye St., N. W, Washington,
The training program is designed for
all executive and supervisory personnel
concerned with sales and sales training.
Only members of M.I.F. are eligible.
Each course covers a period of two
weeks from Monday morning of the first
week to the graduation banquet Friday
night of the second week. Each class is
limited to twenty.
Opening dates of nine 1952 classes
are January 7, February 4, March 1o,
April 7, May 12, September 8, October
6, November 6, November o1, December
Enrollment form and all information
can be secured from The Milk Industry
Foundation, 1625 Eye St., N.W. Wash-
ington, D. C.
Southern Ice Cream Mfrs.
In Successful Florida Convention
THE THIRTY-SEVENTH Annual Convention of
the Southern Association of Ice Cream
Manufacturers was held in St. Petersburg,
Florida, November 27-28-29.
A report on this with pictures is held
for the Florida Dairy News, February
Marion County Dairy
Now Under One Ownership
CARLOS GRIGGS, Summerfield dairyman
and breeder of registered Tersey cattle, is
now the sole owner of Summer Fields
Griggs and Guy Wachtstetter, of Del-
ray, were formerly associates in Summer
Fields. However, Griggs recently acquired
all Wachtstetter's holdings in the busi-
Punta Gorda Borden Distributor
CHARLIE O. PETTIT, well known dairyman
of Punta Gorda, has been appointed ex-
clusive distributor for Borden's Dairy
Products in Charlotte County, according
to an announcement made recently by
In addition to distributing Borden's
Homogenized and Pasteurized milk in
both paper and glass containers, Pettit
will handle a complete line of dairy pro-
It Pays to Use
V-C Pasture Fertilizer produces extra yields of low-cost,
high-quality green feed which animals can harvest.
V-C helps grasses and legumes to make quick, vigorous
growth, rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and other
Grazing this high-quality, appetizing green forage,
dairy cows increase milk production and meat animals
rapidly put on valuable weight. Pastures, fertilized with
V-C, yield more and better grazing and also furnish
many extra grazing days.
Consult a trained V-C Field Representative, to obtain
information on the best methods and fertilizers to use
for pasture improvement on your farm. The V-C Fac-
tories, at Nichols and Jacksonville, formulate pasture
fertilizers suited to all Florida soil types as well as to
the various pasture grasses.
V-C Superphosphate or V-C Complete Fertilizers are
obtainable, either with or without secondary plant
foods such as Cobalt, Magnesium, Bluestone, Man-
ganese, Borax, and others as needed.
Phone or write the address below today!
P. O. BOX 2311
FOR JANUARY, 1952 9
Future Farmers Win Honors
1951 West Florida Dairy Show
GEORGE FORD, 15, Quincy Future Farmer
won top honors in the Jersey (lass at the
annual West Florida Dairy Calf Show at
Chipley last Thurday when his animal
was judged the best in its class.
The Guernsey championship went to a
nine month old heifer owned by Calvin
Crawford, 14. Marianna Future Farmer.
Jackson County teams won the judging
contest both in the FFA and 4-H classes.
Members of the winning FFA team were
Calvin Crawford, James Rehburg and
Wellborn Rehburg. The top 4-H team
consisted of Edwin Duce, William Schack
;nd Charles Crutchfield.
Quincy's FFA team and a Washington
County 4-H Club squad won second place
Other FFA judging teams finished in
this order: Paxton, Gracevillc, Laurel
Hill, Campbellton, Malone, Cottondale,
Popular Springs and Baker.
In 4-H team judging squads from
Holmes, Bay, Jackson, and Washington
counties followed in that order.
W. L. Ford of Quincy, father of the ex-
hibitor of the champion Jersey, won the
adult judging contest. J. D. Fuqua of
Altha, Lee Stanton of Chipley and E. A.
Curry of Bonifay were runner-ups.
The show is sponsored annually to pro-
mote better dairy herds in a 12-county
area of West Florida. Its backers are the
State Department of Agriculture, the Ag-
ricultural Extension Service and Chipley
Orange County Winners in 4-H
Area Dairy Show in Orlando
ORANGE COUNTY carried off top honors in
the fifth annual area 4-H club dairy con-
test held at the Exposition Grounds in
Orlando on Saturday, November 17 with
spirited competition evident despite the
cold rain which persisted during most of
The Orange County entrants composed
of Jack Dodd, Robert Stone, Roy
Huggins, Nathan Thomas, Richard
Parker, and Marcus Eastman, compiled
a total score of 533 points in winning.
Following Orange in order were Polk
County with 526 points, Osceola County
with 521.2 points, Volusia County with
503.4, and Lake County with 494.6.
Show is sponsored by the Sears-Roe-
buck Foundation, and co-sponsored by
Plymouth Citrus Growers Association and
the State Department of Agriculture. A
county show was held in each of the five
participating counties previous to the
area show and six 4-H members were
selected to enter the area contest from
each county. The 4-H youngsters were
judged 40 points for the animal, 20 points
for showmanship, 20 points for fitting and
conditioning, and 20 points for their
A dairy heifer has been awarded to the
member in each county contest with the
highest score in the project.
Highest individual scorer was Tommy
Thornhill of Polk County with a total
of 9i.8. He had 34.8 for his animal, a
registered Jersey, 18 for showmanship, 20
for fitting and conditioning, and 19 for
his record book. Second high individual
Calvin Crawford (left) and George Ford (right) are shown with the nine months old
Guernsey calf and the Jersy cow, respectively, which won grand championship honors
in the 1951 West Florida Dairy Show at Chipley. Crawford, z-, is a member of the
Marianna FFA chapter, and Ford, I5, is a member of the Quincy chapter.
DAIRY IFER AREA SHOW
RS PO BUCK P1VIOI CITRUS Oaf -iS
Winners at the recent 4-H Area Dairy
Show in Orlando are pictured above,
top to bottom. They are: Tommy Thorn-
hill of lVinter Haven, high scoring in-
dividual of the event, with his Jersey
heifer; Miss Ginger Stuart of Bartow with
her top-ranking jersey heifer; 7ack Dodd
of Winter Park with his top Guernsey
was Dodd with a total of 91.2.
C. W. Reaves, University Extension
Dairyman, judged the dairy animals and
Floyd Barlow, retired Guernsey field rep-
resentative, judged showmanship and
fitting and conditioning. W. W. Brown,
State 4-H Club Agent, judged the record
books and F. E. Baetzman and Henry F.
Swanson, Orange County agent and as-
sistant agent, respectively, were chairmen.
Those receiving blues and a prize of
$15.75, in the order they placed with
total scores, were as follows:
Tommy Thornhill (91.8); Dodd (91.2); Ann
Davidson, Polk (91.0); (;inger Stuart, Polk (90.8)
Carl Knoebel, Osceola (90.8); Marcus Eastman
(89.4); Stone (89); Huggins (88.8); Thomas (87.6);
Stewart Bronson, Osceola (87.6i); Mike Barrow.
Volusia (87.2); Iee Eldridge, Osceola (87.2); Parkci
(87); Polly Watkins, Osceola (87).
Those receiving reds and a prize of
$10.50, in the order they placed with
total scores, were as follows:
Neylene Mayfield, Volusia (86.2); Paul Thornhill,
Polk (86.2); Johnny Watkins, Lake (86.2); Hans
Hansen, Volusia (85.4); Murray Bronson, Osceola
(85.4); Louis Hughes, Jr., Lake (85); Charles Dix-
on, Polk (84.6); J. D. Rhoden, Lake (83.8); Patty
Watkins, Osceola (83.2); Laurence McLeod, Volusia
Those receiving whites and a prize of
$5.oo, in the order they placed with total
scores, were as follows:
Ronald Welter, Volusia (82.4); Herman Bowers,
Polk (81.6); Arvid Johnson, Lake (80.4); John
'riebe, Lake (79.8); Carl Mathews, Lake (79.4);
Joe Benedict, Volusia (79.2).
10 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
g7% of soft drinks consumed at home!
so boost your total dairy sales to homes
WITH ZE ORiANGE DRINK
It may surprise you that far more soft
drinks are consumed at home than out.
But it's easy to understand, with your con-
venient home delivery service, why milk
customers welcome wholesome, delicious
For it's far more convenient for your
customers to have soft drinks delivered
right to their door along with other dairy
products. And wholesome EZE-ORANGE
DRINK costs only half as much as ordinary
carbonated beverages, and is delivered
"Dairy Fresh Daily!"
EZE-ORANGE DRINK helps you absorb
overhead, too, and reduces distribution
costs. This popular, wholesome, non-car-
bonated easy orange drink returns largest
net profits of any dairy product you sell.
1500 alert dairies are now cashing in on
ready market for EZE-ORANGE DRINK!
So boost your sales and profits in tre-
mendous home market with this EZE-
ORANGE DRINK. Get free samples and all
the success-facts. Mail coupon today.
S me am --mm m m0M m nwm m -mmm q
Eze-Orange Company, Inc., Franklin & Erie Streets, Chicago 10, Illinois
Please send us free samples and all the facts on Eze-Orange Drink and I
your profitable promotion program. i
City .... ...--..- --.....-..-.-..... ---------- Zone . State -----
now. m m M m MS- m -mm mone n am=m
Above is a group of our Holstein cows recently shipped from Illinois
OFFERING ALL KINDS OF DAIRY CATTLE
AT OUR BARN NEAR PLANT CITY
We Are Now In Position To Fill Your Dairy Cattle
Requirements Throughout The Season
Dealers in Springer Cows and Heifers, Holsteins, Guernseys, Jerseys and Ayrshires-Grade or Registered
Before Buying Your Dairy Cattle-Phone, Write or See
ROSS REYNOLDS & SON
RFD 2-Telephone 42-F5 Ross Reynolds T
PLANT CITY, FLA.
FOR JANUARY, 1952 11
Bulk Handling of Milk Seen as Method of
Boosting Efficiency in Florida Dairy Industry
FLORIDA DAIRYMEN who feel that future pro-
fits of their industry depend on more
efficient management in an effort to keep
the retail price of milk at a level attractive
to the consumer are looking with interest
toward the use of refrigerated tanks and
insulated tank trucks, items which will be
demonstrated at an exhibit in the 1952
Florida State Fair.
"The old fashioned milk can is obso-
lete," says Lee . Bickenbach of Lake-
land, representative of the Mojonnier
Bros. Company in Chicago. "In the Los
Angeles milk shed more than 95 percent
of the milk is handled in tanks and
tankers," he says, "and in San Francisco
the figure is better than 80 percent."
So far the use of insulated tankers to
collect milk from farms is relatively un-
comion in Florida, but several installa-
tions of what his farm calls "producers
cold wall tanks" have been made, largely
to obviate the need for cooling boards
and walk-in refrigeration boxes and the
accompanying expensive plant construc-
Ultimately, Bickenbach told THE DAIRY
NEWS, producers and distributors alike
will cooperate to eliminate costly methods
of handling and delivery of the raw pro-
duct to the processing plant.
Bickenbach described the operation of
the system in terms of a hypothetical pro-
cessing plant receiving milk from 15 pro-
"At the present time, these 15 pro-
ducers are operating 15 trucks to carry
their milk to the processing plant every
day. This involves investment in a num-
her of trucks and about two hours a day
for 15 men-30 man-hours.
"Each producer is using bucket milkers,
and in every case the buckets are poured
into io-gallon cans, which are wheeled to
the pour-up room," Bickenbach con-
"The milk is poured into the pour--up
tank and by gravity passes over the cool-
ing board and is then collected again in
clean ten-gallon cans which are wheeled
into the walk-in cooler.
"Then the farmer makes a trip every
day into the processing plant, where for-
tunately for him the processor has made
the necessary investment to handle peak
deliveries without delay so that the milk
will be received at below the 50-degress
maximum temperature required by law."
Bickenbach then describes the opera-
tion of a tank truck system for collecting
the milk at the various farms and delivery
to the processing plant.
"In the new system, we either use a
Employee of Fox Dairy Farm near St. Aulgustine is shown above pouring milk through
a strainer into his Mojonnier producers' cold wall tank. Note that the tank is elevated
from the floor to permit gravity flow into cans. The above unit has a capacity of
200 gallons, operates from a 2 horsepower Freon compressor unit.
pipe-line or bucket-type milker, and the
milk is immediately poured through a;
milk strainer into the producers cold wall
tank, which is designed to cool half the
contents of the tank to 36 degrees within
"That means that by the time the dairy-
man has finished an average milking, the
milk is already cooled to 36 degrees. The
milk remains in the tank until the second
milking, and the tanker makes a trip every
day, removing the milk from the refriger-
ated tank by motor driven pump, and
after collecting the milk from 15 farms,
returns to the processing plant to dis-
charge the product into the processing
"Thus we see that 15 trucks have been
replaced by one, that the milk can and the
cooling board and the walk-in refrigerator
have been discarded entirely, that milk
is handled without backbreaking labor,
and that temperature of the milk is safely
under control at all times."
Moreover, Bickenbach suggests, the use
of insulated tankers has made possible an
every-other-day pickup procedure in Con-
necticut, a feature which might have wide-
spread appeal in Florida where distance
from producer to processor frequently
makes mileage an important factor.
Mojonnier cold wall tanks are in opera-
tion at the farms of Myron Kirton at Day-
tona Beach, Wade Fox at St. Augustine,
I. B. Register at Bostwick, at Shadowlawn
Farms in Penney Farms, and at the farm
of Kenneth L. Moore in Jacksonville.
Scheduled for early installation is a 500-
gallon tank at Dinsmore Farms.
All except the first three installations
(which replace walk-in refrigeration) are
tied into the use of tank trucks owned by
the individuals. In the case of Kirton.
Fox and Register, Bickenbach points out.
"they are all ready for bulk handling
when it comes."
Bulk handling of milk from producer
to processor through use of a tank truck
is practiced in some parts of Florida, in
which the truck owned and operated by
the producer, is used to accumulate the
day's milk production after passing over
a cooling board, and the truck makes the
trip to processing plant after the second
"In this system the tanker replaces the
walk-in refrigeration equipment, and milk
cans, but the aggregate investment is
greater than if cold wall tanks were in-
stalled and large tankers used for col-
lecting the product. "A small tanker is
necessarily idle most of the day while it
waits for the trip from farm to plant," the
Lakeland man concluded.
Bickenbach, who holds a chemical en-
gineering degree from Stanford Univer-
sity, has been with his firm more than
two years, and brings to Florida a num-
ber of years experience in food industry
12 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Reinhold Elected Director
Milk Industry Foundation
WHEN FOREMOST DAIRIES PRESIDENT Paul
E. Reinhold, of Jacksonville, Florida,
was elected a Director of the Milk In-
dustry Foundation at their recent 1951
Annual Convention in Detroit, he at-
tained the distinction of serving simul-
taneously as Director of all three of
the Dairy Industry's principal National
In addition to serving on the Milk
Industry Foundation Board, Mr.
Reinhold is a Director of the National
Dairy Council, an organization of all
branches of the Dairy Industry, and the
International Association of Ice Cream
Alf R. Nielsen, President of the Alfar
Creamery Co., West Palm Beach, is also
a Director of the Milk Industry Founda-
Theo Datson, General Manager of
Borden's Datson Dairies, Inc., Orlando,
is Florida's second member of the Board
of the International Assn. of Ice Cream
Lay Appointed to Milk Industry
THE MiILK INDUSTRY FOUNDATION has
announced re-appointment of E. T. Lay.
Executive Director of the Florida I)air
Industry Association, Chairman of the
M.I.F. Collegiate Leadership Awards
Committee, Southeast Region for 1952.
The Committee of three selects the out-
standing Dairy Science Student of South-
eastern Colleges on the basis of scholar-
ship and leadership. The winner re-
ceives an achievement award by the Milk
Industry Foundation as well as a free
trip to the M.I.F. Annual Convention.
The 1951 winner, Southeastern Region,
was a University of Georgia student.
4-H Clubs Schedule
Jan. 5-West Coast 4-H and F.F.A. Dairy
Show--Tampa. Sponsored by Tamrpa Cham-
her of Commlnerce.
Jan. 1l-12-Northeast 4-H Livestock Show--
Jacksonville. Sponsored by Fla. Chain
Store Council and the Jacksonville Chaim-
her of Conlmerce.
Jan. 25128-Dade County Youth Fair-Miami.
Feb. 5-16-Florida State Youth Fair-Tampa.
DAIRY CATTLE JUDGING DAYS-FEB.
6 and 7.
Feb. 25-March I-State 4-H Dairy Show and
Judging Contest held in connection with the
Central Fla. Exposition, Orlando. DAIRY
DAY, FEB. 25.
JANUARY, 1952 13
Why shouldn't she be
A Contented Cow?
She's milked electrically!
It's a fact that electric milkers are
easier on the cows ...much gentler
than manual milking and twice as
There are many other jobs such as
cooling ... pasteurizing ... and bott-
ling that Reddy Kilowatt can do...
to help you produce high-quality
milk...at lower cost.
I'artners in Florida's Progress for more than 50 years
ML PODU DI 6RBT
Already in use on many Florida dairy
farms, this Mojonnier tank cools milk by means
of a refrigerated cold wall built into the stain-
less steel tank lining.
This method of cooling milk has many
advantages over previous practices, and can
be used with either pipeline or bucket milkers.
Tanks are made in capacities from 60 to
MOJONNIER BROS. CO.
4601 West Obio Street, Chicago 44, Illinois
on display in the
Livestock Building at the
Florida State Fair
February 5-16, 1952
The Sprinkman Dairyman Producer's Plate Filter
affoods a positive check ... n actual sediment
test of your entire run right on the farm. With
the Sprinkman in your line, a clean, sediment-free
milk supply Is always yours . a rejection-proof
milk supply that will always have a quality market
& at highest prices. SEE YOUR JOBBER.
USES ALL COTTON MEDIA
In using ALL COTTON media, the Sprink-
man provides TRUE FILTER action In re-
Sn moving smallest particles . particles
For 8. 10 Impossible to remove with the strainer
and 12 Plates action of woven fannel media..
C S M O DEL E .......
e ^ MODEL E For 2, 3 and 4
C.. S. MEANS CONTROLLED SUSPENSION. .
Media is suspended between two horizontal stain-
less plates. A "spider" resting on media prevents
pad from stretching and contacting plate. Con-
trolled Suspension assures positive filtration large
capacity and long media life.
PAT. NO. 2452486. OTHER PATENTS PENDING.
by JAMES P. O'MEARA
Vire-l'res., W. Al. Sprinkman Corp.
MILK, WHEN produced by a healthy cow
is free of all contamination. The prob-
lem of keeping the milk free of foreign
matter starts the second that it flows from
the teat of the healthy cow. If all sorts
of contamination could be eliminated,
filtration would be no problem and this
article unnecessary; however, man has
yet to find a way to remove the milk
from the cow's udders and transfer it to
the market without exposing it to a
number of sources of contamination.
Sources of contamination are every-
where-in the air-from the surface of
milk handling equipment-from human
beings-and from the cows themselves.
With the best milking machines avail-
able today, a certain amount of con-
tamination takes place in several ways.
First, by contamination from the air
which may be drawn into the teat cup
of the milking machine; and, second,
by particles of fine dirt that the teat cup
of the milking machine scrubs from the
teats of the cow itself
Thus, even under the most ideal con-
ditions, the need of a proper filter to
remove this contamination is very ap-
In order to accomplish proper filtra-
tion, two things are of paramount im-
portance. One is the filter media used;
and. the other is the filter or support for
the filter media used.
Practical tests of the conventional
flannel cloth filter media have shown
that the product being filtered is merely
drawn between the openings between
the threads and is actually strained in-
stead of filtered.
A filter test using the Fiber Cotton
Filter Media will show that the product
must actually seep through the filter
material, thus making it possible to re-
move the very fine particles impossible
to remove with a flannel woven material.
Tests in which the normal flannel
filter media was backed up by a cotton
fibre filter have demonstrated that only
the larger particles were removed by the
cotton filter while smaller particles
passed through and were picked up by
the cotton fibre media.
Thus, the importance of proper filter
media is self-evident. (Cont'd in February)
F.D.I.A. HAS MUCH TO DO IN '52!
Fla. Dairy News Monthly
Quarterly Directors' Meeting
20 Committees in Action
Milk Sanitarians Meeting-April
Annual Meeting-May 21-23
June Dairy Month
Annual Dairy Field Day-July
Plant Supts. Short Course-Sept.
Hcrdsmens Short Course-Oct.
Sou. Ice Cream Mfrs.-Nov.
see . .
Louden Barn Equipment
IN OPERATION AT THE
1952 Florida State Fair, Tampa
OPEN FOR INSPECTION
During Both the Dairy Week and Beef Week,
FEBRUARY 5TH THROUGH FEBRUARY 16TH
lI N 1 d I S I
TAMPA AND ORLANDO
DAIRY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT
State Fair Plans
Big Dairy Show
FLORIDA STATE FAIR Officials state that
.,.i,, increased participation in the 1i952
Dairy Show is expected. Both Florida
Jersey and Guernsey Breeders Associa-
tions are expected to participate and
Dairy herd owners generally are expect-
ed to participate in much larger numbers
than in previous years.
4-H Club and F.F.A. Dairy Groups
are making widespread preparations for
the Show, Fair Assistant Manager
Future Farmers are planning on hav-
ing about forty head of dairy animals
at the Florida State Fair during Dairy
Week. Most of these will be Jerseys
and Guernseys. The following F.F.A.
Chapters have indicated that they will
have entries: Live Oak, Bartow, Dade
City, Quincy, Plant City, Turkey Creek,
Brandon, Wimauma, and Largo.
Approximately S2,ooo.oo in cash prizes
and many coveted trophies are at stake.
Among these for the first time will be a
"Premier Exhibitor's" trophy, spon-
sored by the Florida Dairy Industry As-
The Fair opens February 5th and the
Dairy Show is the first week, Feb. 5
Prospective exhibitors of Dairy animals
may secure all information by writing
Mr. J. C. Huskisson, Asst. Fair Mgr., P.
O. Box 1231, Tampa, Fla.
Volusia Breeders Group
DR. FRANK STOUTENMIRE was elected
president of the Volusia Artificial Breed-
ers' Association at the recent election
meeting, according to local newspaper
Other officers elected to serve with
Stoutenmire for the new year include:
George Sixma, Lake Helen, vice presi-
dent; County Agent W. J. Platt, Deland,
secretary. Directors include N. W. Green
and Carl Swebilius of Deland, J. W. Be-
ville of South Daytona, and Ira Barrow
of New Smyrna Beach.
Alabama Dairy Association
Becomes Active Jan. 1
THE ALABAMA Dairy Products Association
has announced plans to name a full-time
Executive Secretary and carry on an ac-
tive Association program beginning Janu-
ary 1, 1952. The Alabama Annual leet-
ing will be held at the Battle House Hotel,
Mobile, January 17-19.
If you miss it ...
thing in F
THE FLORIDA S
FEBRUARY 5- 1
Florida State Fair
by Pirate Jose
nation's tops for excit
You see all Florida.
industry, its natul
racing, grandstand tl
Here... during these
It's the HIG
0 --'% o ". .
s the biggest
6 (Except Sunday, Feb. 10)
is the world's largest
Invasion of Tampa
Gaspar is one of the
ement and glamour.
. its agriculture, its
ral resources. Auto
thrills, giant midway.
ie 11 wonderful days
lorida is before you.
H-spot of the entire
son. Don't miss it!
Solid brass lags and
No. --FO NECK. Ad-
ju.a i'l]. Tu r- r. um -
l.r.hl t...lh in..! 13.25
r.'-r .1.' :..
No. 1;- r-:R HORNS.
Adjaolable. $'.2u per
No. 38-DOUBLE PLATE NECK CHAIN.
Upper portion strap, lower portion chain.
$14.50 per dozen.
Write for catalog. Sample mailed for $1.00.
GOLDEN ARROW FARMS
Dept. 53 Box 7 Huntington, Indiana
HERE'S THE SCHEDULE
Tuesday, February 5-Pinellas
countyy and Exhibitors' Day,
Ilr'diesday, February 6-Her-
nando County, Wild-life Con-
servation. Fish and Game Day.
Thursday, February 7-Legion
Parade. Pasco County and Live-
Friday, February 8-Bradford
County, Columbia County,
Tourists' Day. Night Thrill
Saturday, February 9-Future
Farmers of America, Future
Homemakers of America. Gads-
den County, Highlands County,
Sunday, February 10-Closed to
AMonday, February 11-Gasparil-
la Parade. Indian River County,
Manatee County, and Volusia
Tuesday, February 12-Gover-
nor's Day. Hillsborough County,
Polk County, Children's Day.
Wednesday, February 13-Child-
ren's Gasparilla Parade. Inter-
TIursday, February 14-Shrine
Parade. Boy Scouts' Day and
Friday, February 15-Marion
County, St. John's County, and
County Commissioners' Da y.
NFA, NHA and Negro 4-H Day.
Saturday, Fe br u a r y 16-4-H
Clubs Day, Flying Farmers' Day.
NEW BOOK ON DAIRY PROCESSING
A Naluable sour
Plant ProdiluIs and Processes By
DR. E. L. FOITS and D)R. T. R. FREEMAN
Ordei from Florida Dainr News
220 Newntan St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Tarnpa's Oldest Feed & Fencing Store
FEEDS, BARB NWIRE, HOG FENCE, GALVANIZED
ROO:ING, POULTRY FENCING, ETC.
P. O. BOX 1468 TAMPA, FLA.
EAST BROADWAY AT 33RD STREET
37 Years at this Location
FOR JANUARY, 1952 15
DAIRY ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
Pensacola Dairy Group
To Meet January 10
THE TRI-COUNTY Dairy Association, in-
cluding all dairies of Escambia, Santa
Rosa and Okaloosa Counties, will hold
their first annual meeting, January o1
Mr. John Adkinson, Pensacola Pro-
ducer who is president of the Associa-
tion, advises that the Tri-County Asso-
ciation plans to hold monthly directors
meetings and quarterly membership
meetings during 1952.
The group ma aitains a 1i,.'' member-
ship affiliation with the Florida Dairy
Industry Association. Laskey Foster of
Foster Brothers Dairy, Escambia Coun-
ty, represents the group as a Producer-
Director on the State Association Board
FLORIDA HAPPENINGS IN '51
.-l/1,oinled or Elected
)Director In. Ice Cream Assn.
PAUL E. REINHOLDI
Director Natl. )Dairy Council.
I)irector Milk Ind. Foundation.
Director Fed. Reser\e Hd. S.E.
Member Fil. Milk Commission.
1Member Lc e Stock Sanitary Board.
MRS. AMERICA ESCUDER.
Director Tampa Dairy Council.
JACK TIIERNEY OF FOREMOST.
;a. 1)irector Sou. Assn.
of Ice Cream lMfrs.
xew Daily Plants
McArthur Jersey Farm Dairy, Miami.
Florida Dairies Co., Miami.
Revels Dairy, Palatka.
I'lant Diislribltion Sold
To Foremiost Dairies:
Royal l)airy 'Products, Tampa.
Beaton )Dairies, DeI.and.
University (ity Dairy, Gainesville.
Sunshine )airy Products, Gainesville.
X.hitehurst Dairy, Gamesville.
G(;lranllt's Dairyv, Trenton.
Clough Dairy, Starke.
To Borden's Dairy:
Datson Dairies, Orlando.
Quality Dairies, Pensacola.
Pipkin Dairy, Lakeland.
T o Perfection Coop. fairies:
;reen Valley Dairy, Sanford.
Spencer-Hardin Dairy, Sanford.
To Bassett Dairies:
Beasley Dairy, DeFuniak Springs.
Spring Valley Dairies, Crestview.
New Dains Council Formed:
I)ade and Broward Counties.
Tri-County Dairy Assn. Formed at Pensacola
Jax. Ice Cream Mix Plant started by Jay
Vernon Graves changes from Dairy to Beef
Legislature Adopted Resolution For June as
Fla. 4-H Judging Team \Won Natl. Champion-
'Fla. Dairy Delegation on Tour to Cuba.
"Florida Dairy News" Completes Successful
Foremost Dairies, Inc. Celebrates 20th Anni-
Finance Chairman Comments
On F.D.I.A. Work in '51
"TWENTY-FIVE OF our Florida Dairy In-
dustry Association Directors and Com-
mittee Chairmen met in Miami a few
days ago in what I considered a fine
display of Statewide interest, coopera-
tion and teamwork by these chosen
representatives of our Industry. This
was the fourth quarterly meeting of our
fifteen member Board and the last for
"Those of us who had the opportunity
at this meeting of considering the work
of our Association in 1951 were very
pleased and feel sure that every member
of the Industry would feel the same
about it."-J. N. McARTHUR, Chaliinan
F.D.I.A. Finance Committee.
Directors' Meeting Changed
To Tampa, Feb. 8-9
THE FIRST quarterly Board of Directors'
Meeting of the Florida Dairy Industry
Association has been changed from
January to in Pensacola to February 8-9)
An announcement from tile Associa-
tion office in Jacksonville stated that the
Tamlpa meeting had been substituted so
that Directors and others attending the
meeting could inspect and participate in
the Dairy Show at the Florida State Fair.
The meeting will be held at the
Floridan Hotel, Friday, February 8th. A
joint dinner with the members of the
Florida West Coast Milk Producers As-
sociation is scheduled to be held the
evening of the 8th.
Attend Georgia Meeting
PRESIDENT T IEO DATSON, Vice President
Wilmer Bassett and Secretary Andy Lay
of the Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
tion have accepted an invitation of the
Georgia Dairy Association to attend
their Annual Meeting to be held at the
Ralston Hotel, Columbus, Georgia, Jan-
The two-day program calls for dis-
cussions on Sales, Public Relations, In-
dustry Cooperation, Milk Production
Problems, Advertising and Price Con-
Chester P. Schoby, Iowa Milk Pro-
ducer and President of the American
Dairy Association, is scheduled as one
of the principal speakers.
A New Year Message
To the Ice Cream Industry
By RIDGWAY KENNEDY, JR.
President International Assn. of Ice Cream Affrs.
THE HOLIDAY Season reminds me that the
year 1951 is rapidly drawing to a close,
and in retrospect I think of the problems
that have beset our Industry during this
year: rising costs-taxes-government reg-
ulations and restrictions-nlaterial short-
I have a definite feeling that the major-
ity of our Industry
l a s accomplished
good results in spite
of all these handi-
caps and1 am satis-
fied that we have
Then my mind
turns to the future
and tlhe Industry's
prospects for 1952,
to try and forecast
what may be in view for us during the
coming year. The predictions of higher
dairy product costs; the constant demand
fronl labor for increases: the rising costs
of all materials and supplies; what will be
tile effect on the consumption of ice cream
when retail prices of dairy products re-
flect all these rising costs?
.\l these disturbing f;ators do not leave
Ime in a pessimistic attitude. I know the
leaders in our industry are men who are
courageous, resourceful, and have keen
imagination. They will tlo everything pos-
sible to improve the efficiency of their
operations, cu(t out or reduce waste in
every phase of their business, make every
effort to offset rising costs. I have com-
plete confidence that our Industry will
be able to teet the challenge of o195, and
do a good job.
I want to extend my sincere wishes lor
a sound, Prosperous New Year.
Florida Dairy Industry
MIAMI BEACH, FLA.
16 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Board of directors of the newly organized Dairy Council of Dade, Broward and
Monroe counties are shown above (fromt left : Oscar T. Jolhnson,, treasurer; 7. V.
McArthur: Frank J. Holt, secretary; John G. DuPuis, Jr., president: E. C. Fogg III:
J. T. Stewart: Cason Ives; and Mrs. Isabel B. Anderson. \o/t pictured are Meim-
bers J. C. NeSmith, vice president, and G. T. Rucks.
Miami and Miami Beach Areas
Establish a Dairy Council
ESTABLISHMENT OF the Dairy Council of
Dade, Broward and Monroe Counties,
Florida, an area covering Miami and
Miami Beach, was announced recently
by John DuPuis, Jr., vice President of
the White Belt Dairy Farms Inc. of
Miami and President of this newest
The Miami Council is the 58th af-
filiated Dairy Council unit of the Na-
tional Dairy Council the i3th of these
units located in the South, and the 3rd
Florida Council. Jacksonville Dairymen
organized the first Florida Dairy Coun-
cil in 1947. A Tampa Council followed
in 195o. The new South Florida unit
will have offices in Miami.
Mr. DuPuis has announced the ap-
pointment of Miss Rebecca Daniel of
Prescott, Ark., as Executive Director of
the Dairy Council of Dade, Broward and
Monroe Counties. Miss Daniel re-
ceived a Bachelor of Science degree in
home economics from the University of
Arkansas in 1948. She has had exper-
ience teaching home economics in high
school, and has been home service dir-
ector with a utility company, the In-
ternational Harvester Company, and the
Members of the Board of Directors
of this new Dairy Council, in addition
to Mr. DuPuis, are:
Vice-President, Joel C. NeSmith, Zone
Miss Rebecca Daniel, executive di-
rector, and John G. DuPuis, Jr., presi-
dent of the board of directors of the
newly-established three-county d airy
council which is affiliated with the Na-
tional Dairy Council serving the Miami
and Miami Beach area.
Manager, Southern Dairies, Inc, Miami;
Secretary, Frank J. Holt, Manager,
Florida Dairies Co., Miami; Treasurer,
Oscar T. Johnson, Manager, Home Milk
Producers Association, Miami; Mrs.
Isabel B. Anderson, Hialeah, G T.
Rucks, North Miami, and J. T. Stewart,
Miami, producers; and Cason Ives, own-
er of the Ives Dairy, Ojus, and J. N.
McArthur, President of the McArthur
Jersey Farm Dairy, Miami, producer-
FOR JANUARY, 1952 17
WET SOAP-LUBRICATION of
bottle conveyor chains is without
doubt today's best bet for stopping
bottle breakage; cutting cleaning
time. That's why more dairymen are
Oakite Composition No. 6
This scientifically designed wet soap-
lubricant stops bottle breakage by
providing ideal slippage to eliminate
bottle pressure. Oakite Composition
No. 6 reduces power costs by pro-
viding free-flexing of chains around
sprockets to cut down motor drag
and to minimize chance of motor
Oakite Composition No. 6 cleans as
it lubricates. This means less down-
time for cleaning equipment. Means,
too, clean bottoms for your bottles.
For complete story write nearest ad-
OAKITE PRODUCTS, INC.
R. L. Jones, East Union & lonia Sts., Jacksonville
M. E. Withers, 7580 N. E. 4th Court, Miami
G. Tatum, 3607 So. Court St., Montgomery 6, Ala.
C tEDo INDUSTRIAL
SA s METHODS SL
For Better Pastures,
Orchards, Crops ...
See Your Local Dealer, or Write
Ask for information on open
Members of the Florida Dairy Industry Cuban tour are pictured above. Seated (from left) are Mrs. Pablo Mendoza, Mrs. Herman
Burnett, Mrs. Dick Werner, Mrs. O. L. Bobo, Mrs. Cody Skinner, Mrs. Francisco de La Fuente, Mrs. Georgia Dwinnel, Mrs. Glenn
Datson, Mrs. Wilmer Bassett, Mrs. Larry Hodge, Miss Alyce )atson, and Mrs. Orlando Castagnet. Standing (from left) are Mr.
Glenn Datson, Glenn Datson, Jr., (child) Charles Datson, Mr. George F. Johnson, Mr. O. L. Menendez, Mr. V. C. 7ohnson, Mr. Pablo
Mendoza, Mr. Herman Burnett, Mr. Theo Datson, Mr. O. L. Bobo, Dr. Francisco de La Fuente, Mr. Larry Hodge, Mr. Cody Skinner,
Dr. Orlando Castagnet, Mr. Jack Kloetti, Mr. Dick Werner and Mr. Curry Bassett.
Cuban Tour Enjoyed by Florida Dairymen
AN OFFICIAL delegation of nineteen mem-
bers of the Florida Dairy Industry Asso-
ciation and their wives enjoyed a very
pleasant and profitable visit to Havana,
Cuba, November 18 to 2o following an
Association Directors' Meeting in Miami,
The group were the guests of Cuban
Dairy and Dairy Equipment Executives
for a tour of Dairies and the farm regions
surrounding Havana and a reception for
the group held at the Hotel Nacionale.
All arrangements for the trip were
made by Larry Hodge, Miami, Cuban rep-
resentative of Standard Cap & Seal Export
Co., who also is Vice President of the
Allied Trades Membership of the Florida
Members of the delegation were:
F.D.I.A. President Theo Datson and Sec-
retary E. T. Lay; O. L. Bobo, President
of the Allied Trades Membership of
F.D.I.A.: Larry Hodge; Wilmer Bassett,
Ist V-President; Herman Burnett, George
Johnson and Cody Skinner, Directors;
Glenn S. Datson, Chrmn. of F.D.I.A. Pas-
ture Development Committee; V. C. John-
son, Chrmn. of F.D.I.A. Dairy Husbandry
Committee; and Dick Werner, Asst. Di-
rector, Milk Industry Foundation,
Ladies in the party were: Mrs. Hodge,
Mrs. Bobo, Mrs. Bassett, Mrs. Skinner,
Mrs. Glenn Datson, and her daughter,
Alyce, Mrs. Burnett, and Mrs. Werner.
Two sons of Glenn Datson, Glenn Jr. and
Charles, were also in the group.
Mr. and Mrs. Skinner and Mr. and Mrs.
Bassett took the overnight steamer from
Miami to Havana and return while the
remainder of the group made the trip by
Pan American Airways.
Cuban Dairy Executives to whom the
delegation are indebted for their wonder-
ful hospitality are Dr. Francisco de La
Fuente, President, Cuban Dairy Products
Co.; Mr. Melville C. Brown, Caribbean
Dairy Machinery Corp.; Mr. O. L. Mcnen-
dez, Standard Dairy Supplies, S. A.: and
Mr. Pedro Suarez, owner of one of Ha-
vana's best known dairies.
Dr. de La Fuente spoke to the group at
a delightful reception given by the Cuban
Committee at the Hotel Nacionale the
evening of the (late of arrival in Havana.
Visits to several Dairy Farms near Ha-
vana were of considerable interest. Par-
ticularly so where animals were seen
which had been bought in Florida.
Some of the more experienced herds-
men in the Florida group relate what they
considered a most unusual incident at
one of the farms which had a small group
of young Dairy animals recently imported
from the United States.
It was observed that the animals ap-
peared to be wild and frightened at the
Spanish-speaking Cuban herdsmen. How-
ever, when some of the Florida group ap-
proached them speaking to them in Eng-
lish, the calves became more friendly and
acted as if they were glad to see some one
To those of the Florida Association
who have not had the pleasure of a visit
to our nearby neighbors in Cuba, I am
certain every member of this party of
nineteen would say, "You should plan a
trip to Cuba."
Five scenes on the Cuban trip by the Dairy News Roving Cameraman Dr. de La Feunte addressing the group at a reception
in the Hotel Nacionale Dick Werner, Dr. de La Feunte, Larry Hodge, Andy Lay, O. L. Bobo, Wilmer Bassett and Theo Datson
* Andy Lay (left) and Dick Werner in front of the hotel Wilmer Bassett goes native with a Cuban hat The group
enjoys dinner at the Sans Souci club.
18 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
MRS. VERNON L. GRAVES, President Edited by MRS. E. T. LAY, Secretary
Southern Ice Cream Convention Interesting for the Ladies
By MRS. HERBERT HILL
Director, Tampa Area
WHILE ATTENDANCE at the Southern Ice Cream Convention is limited to Ice Cream
members, any of our Florida Ladies' Auxiliary can appreciate that those of us who
attended this Ice Cream Meeting could not help having a wonderful time.
Those who attend the big Dairy Industry Conventions say there is something
about the "Southern Ice Cream Meeting" that is just more friendly and more enjoy-
able than any other. It is a large group -
from all Southern States but still seems
more like the freedom and ease of a N S R T
Florida State Convention. NEWS
The ladies program committee were Auxiliary members are requested
all from St. Petersburg and Tampa: Mrs. to please send your editor news of
Russell Bevan, Chairman; Mrs. Chas. W. any women's activities of your area
Ankerberg, Mrs. Harvey M. Barritt, Mrs. you think will be of interest, also
J. D. Barritt, Mrs. A. R. Allison, Mrs. news of yourself and family.
Guy M. Crews; Mrs. G. R. Heine and We hope to start a picture report
Mrs. Chas. E. Landreth. of children and grandchildren...
rs Chas E Landreh the younger ones. Send a picture.
The program included a delightful -Auxiliary Editor
cruise on Tampa Bay, a Water Show
at the Vinoy Park Pool, a special lunch-
eon at the Soreno Hotel with "perfume
and other favors", a style show at tion. Among those was Mrs. Stan
Rutland's Dept. Store and more...on Brumley, former Secretary of our Florida
the last evening an elaborate floor show Auxiliary who now lives in Atlanta; also
and late dancing. Mrs. Shirley Thomas, our immediate
There was a good attendance of Flori- past president from West Palm Beach;
da ladies and many of the Allied Trades and our former Miami Director, Mrs. Joe
wives who attend our Florida Conven- NeSmith.
Ladies on the Cuban tour are pictured above. Seated (from left) are Mrs. Cody Skinner,
Mrs. Pablo Mendoza, Mrs. Francisco de La Fuente, Mrs. Herman Burnett, Mrs. O. L.
Bobo, Mrs. Dick Werner, and Mrs. Georgia Dwinnell. Standing (from left) are Mrs.
Larry Hodge, Mrs. Glen Datson, Mrs. Wilmer Bassett and Miss Alyce Datson.
Ladies at Ice Cream Convention Top
panel: Mrs. Charles Landreth, St. Peters-
burg, Mrs. Joe NeSmith, Miami, and Mrs.
George Heine, Tampa Middle
panel: Mrs. Cliff Wayne, Miami, Mrs.
Frank Lawrence, Richmond, and Mrs.
Tommy Thomas, West Palm Beach *
Bottom panel: Mrs. Claude Kelley, Day-
tona Beach, Mrs. Herbert Hill, Tampa,
& Mrs. Warren Ankerberg, St. Petersburg.
New Booklet You'll Want
"EATING PROBLEMS of Children-A Guide
for Parents", is available from The
National Association for Mental Health,
Inc, New York, at 15 cents each.
This 20-page pamphlet on eating
problems has been prepared by Nina
Ridenhour, Ph.D. It gives down-to-
earth advice to mothers for handling
children's eating problems; is specific
and easy-to-read and gives a relaxed
common sense view.- (Nutrition News)
Every Florida Dairy
Should Be An Active Member
An Organization of those engaged in the
Florida Dairy Industry, for service to the
membership and advancement of the welfare
of the Dairy Industry.
220 NEWNAN ST.
FOR JANUARY, 1952 19
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Dairy Farm Research Uni'
Dairi Prroducts Laboratory
.4gi.-iuliur.rl Experientnl Station
/'The Dairy Industry's Prospects for the Coming Year
By DR. E. L. FOUTs
Head, Dept. of Dairy Science, University of Florida
IN APPROACHING a new year any success-
ful business must give careful considera-
tion to the general prospects for the
business in which he is engaged for the
future and for the immediate year
The Dairy Industry is like all other
business in this respect with the excep-
tion that the Dairy
farmer mav find it
l necessary to make
tf plans for a longer
period in the fu-
S': ture than the Dairy
No one can fore-
see the future but
it is often possible
Fou-s to make very accu-
rate estimates of the
future of a particular industry by care-
fully examining the more important
factors which determine the welfare of
Therefore, in attempting to determine
the prospects for the Florida Dairy In-
dustry for the coming year, we will
examine the principal factors which
affect the prosperity of Dairymen and
D),iry Products processors.
The general economic situation is of
importance; in other words, how much
money does the housewife have to spend?
Milk is on everyone's list of purchases,
but what milk and how much to buy
will be determined by how much money
she has to spend and how much milk
costs in relation to other foods. Un-
fortunately, many housewives do not
properly evaluate milk in relation to
other foods. When necessity forces the
price of milk up 1 or 2 cents per quart
the housewife immediately begins to
look around to see what else she can
buy with her money, perhaps cutting
down on the amount of milk she buys.
For some unexplained reason she feels
differently about milk than she does
about other foods, such as eggs, for
example. She expects the price of eggs
to advance at certain seasons, and while
she may grumble a little, she still gladly
pays the higher price to get good fresh
eggs. Meat can go up 5 cents per pound
and little will be said, but let the milk
price go up 2S per quart, less than
10 per pound, and then the
It appears that money is in ji
the same supply now as it
during the past year or so e
increased income taxes, and
buyers should have available a
same amount of money as last ye;
Now, who buys milk-Floridia
tourists who come to Florida ea
by the hundreds of thousand
groups, to be sure, but judgin
great activity among the Flori
men about this time of year, th
must contribute greatly to our n
Then, too, let's not forget our
tourists. Reports show that
tourists increased about 2(
summer, compared to the sun
fore. This trend should continue
Also, let's not forget about
tary bases in Florida. While
ber of Service men stationed in
does not approach the num
were here during World War
increasing, and we believe will
to increase as time goes on. I
of course, that not all of the n
in Florida's military bases is
or even bottled in Florida, but
of it is. The milk used at the
military installation is shipped
East by boat in concentrated for
Now, how about the amount
produced in Florida? We h:
been considered as a deficient
milk production, because at
seasons our dairymen have hac
on shipped-in milk to make up
shortages. How much shortage
actually have? Over a i2-mont
no shortage at all. Actually, di
past year, according to figures
office of Mr. John Scott, the Ch
Supervisor, our dairymen in
shipped twice as much milk out
da as was brought into the state
the same period. Our dairy
to feel that it is more economic
in milk when needed at some
er prices than to produce m
then have large seasonal surplus
Actually, at present, surplus
they do occur, are a problem in
because our dairy plants are n
to handle surplus milk as are th
in the North and Middlewe
churns, cheese vats, vacuum p
20 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Our dairies which normally receive
market milk price for their product at 580
to 65 per gallon are in a predicament
when surpluses cause the price to drop
on 1/3 to 1/2 of their milk to 420 to
450 per gallon. Milk that cannot be
put in the bottle must be paid for at
lower price, and any dairy plant doing
otherwise cannot long exist. Lower
production costs would prepare the pro-
ducer for such price changes.
The pasture situation is average to
trouble good and depending on the weather, the
prospects for winter pasture are good.
ust about The pasture acreage is increasing each
has been year, and white clover is proving to be
except for a good pasture, crop for certain sections
the milk of the state.
bout the Florida is particularly fortunate to be
ar. able to secure when needed good quality
ns or the fluid milk in most any amount, at a
ch winter price that is not too high.
Is? Both You may be wondering about the
g by the possible influence of concentrated milk,
da dairy- both fluid and frozen, on the economy
e visitors of the dairy industry of the state. In
nilk sales. brief, experiments on making these
summer products have been in progress for
summer several years, and during the past year
o% last the products have been offered to the
mer be- consuming public and when offered at
ue. a saving of 2 per reconstituted quart
our mili- the housewife still will not buy it in
the num- quantity. Most of the products have
the state even been taken off tile public markets
ber who because of failure to sell in sufficient
II, it is quantity.
continue Dairymen cannot overlook the increas-
t is true, ing sale in markets of skim milk powder
nilk used in household size packages. A pound
produced package costs 35 to 40 cents and will
the bulk make 5 quarts of skim milk of normal
Key West composition at 7 or 8 cents per quart.
from the Some lower income families are finding
m. that they can stretch their milk dollars
of milk by using some of this skim milk mixed
ave long with the dairyman's whole milk and
area in still make a pretty palatable drink at
certain somewhat less cost. Every pound of
d to rely skim milk powder sold and used in this
seasonal manner means that the dairyman will
e do we sell 5 quarts less of whole milk. This
h period, trend, if it continues, could become of
during the extreme importance to dairymen.
from the Evaporated milk continues to replace
ief Dairy milk in baby formulas, in cooking and
Florida for coffee in increasing amounts.
of Flori- Let's look backward into the year just
te during past. In general, the dairymen of Flori-
ien seem da have prospered, although some of
al to ship you may have had accounts which did
hat high- not reflect this prosperity: From this
lore and standpoint I would say that the coming
es. year should be about the same as the
es, when year just past. In general, then, in
Florida, answer to the question implied in the
ot set up title of this article, "What are the Dairy
ie dairies Industry's prospects for the coming
est, with year?", I would sum up the answer in
ians, etc. one word-GOOD.
NATIONAL DAIRY NEWS
Producer Named Chairman
Of 1952 June Dairy Month
C. R. Schoby, president of the American
Dairy Association, was elected Chairman
of the 1952 June Dairy Month campaign
at a recent meeting of the industry con-
mittee sponsoring this nationwide promo-
tion. An industrious compaigner on be-
half of dairy food
sales and quality,
Mr. Schoby is owner
an d operator of a
farm near Algona,
h Iowa, on which11
dairying is the major
source of income,
and is a director of'
his local creamnery.
SCHOBY Mr. S c h o b y and
the June Dairy
Month Sponsor Comittee met November
27th in Chicago, to draw up 1952 cam-
The committee sponsoring June Dairy
Month consists of representatives of the
American Butter Institute, American
Dairy Association, Dairy Industries Sup-
ply Association, International Association
of Ice Cream Manufacturers, Milk In-
dustry Foundation, National Cheese In-
stitute, National Creameries Association,
National Milk Producers Federation, and
the National Dairy Council. The com-
mittee has selected the National Dairy
Council to serve again as national head-
quarters for June Dairy Month and has
voted to invite other branches of the dairy
industry to participate in the campaign.
The Florida June Dairy Month pro-
gram will be under the Florida Dairy In-
dustry Association Public Relations Com-
mittee, which will name a State Chairman
Ind a local Chairman for each City.
Progress and Men
"THE GREAT progress of the future is not
going to be primarily in machines. It will
be in men. It will not be clever gadgets.
It will be developed men. The possibili-
ties of machines are limited. The possi-
bilities of man are unlimited." -James F.
Lincoln, Cleveland, Ohio.
AN ESTIMATED 25 to 30 percent of the
adult population in the United States
is overweight. The percentage may be
as high as 60 percent among women who
are 50 to 70 years old.
1952 National Convention
Dates Are Announced
THE INTERNATIONAL Association o f I c e
Cream Manufacturers, the Milk Industry
Foundation and the Dairy l-idustry As-
sociation will hold their 1952 Conventions
and the D.I.S.A. Biennial Eouipment and
Supply Exposition in Ch;ca;o, the week
of September 22-26. The I.A.I.C.M. Meet-
ing is Sept. 22, 23, 24. The M.I.F. Meet-
ing is Sept. 2.4, 25, 26.
The D.I.S.A. Exposition will be open
throughout the entire week.
All three Associations have announced
that information as to their respective
Convention Hotels and appropriate reser-
vation forms will be released [anuary 7th.
Reservations will be sent direct to the
hotel and the postmark priority system in
effect for the past several years will be
used by all three groups.
Jurisdiction of Driver-Salesmen
Taken by WSB
RESOLUTION No. 77 adopted by the Wage
Stabilization Board on December 19 pro-
vides that all driver-salesmen whether
union-represented or not shall come
henceforth under the jurisdiction of the
Wage Stabilization Board. Previously
jurisdiction over this group had been di-
vided between the Salary Stabilization
Board and the Wage Stabilization Board,
but the SSB acting under the authority of
an order of the ESA Administrator de-
cided that driver-salesmen subject to its
jurisdiction should be transferred to the
Lawful wage adjustments given to
driver-salesman who up until now have
been under the control of the Salary Stab-
ilization Board, will continue in effect.
The Wage Stabilization Board has not yet
adopted a policy covering the compensa-
tion of driver-salesmen and other employ-
ees paid in whole or part on a commission
basis. This subject is still under study by
the Board with action on such a policy
expected soon after January 1.
New Milk Facts Booklet
THE 1951 edition of Milk Facts, published
by the Milk Industry Foundation, is now
available through that office at 1625 Eye
St., N. W., Washington 6, D.C. The book-
lets sell for $5 per 1oo copies...order
FOR JANUARY, 1952 21
DAIRY CALF RATION
SHOW CATTLE FEED
FLORIDA owned and operated..
Supporters of Florida Cattlemen,
Poultrymen and Dairy Producers
LOVETT'S Food Stores
Operated by the
WINN & LOVETT GROCERY CO.
General Offices: Jacksonville
+ Advertise! *
Systems and Supplies
J. P. BOYCE
519 E. Giddens, Tampa, Florida
E. E. FULTON
P. O. Box 374, Jacksonville 1, Florida
J. E. ORRIS
200 N.W. 129th Street, Miami 38, Florida
For Better Beef
GROW BETTER GRASS
Use time tested
I LAKELAND, FLORIDA
22 FLORIDA DAIRY
Sanitation is considered as a prime
essential in the milking of dairy cattle.
Sanitation on the Dairy Farm
by DR. W. H. HASKELI.
Klenzade Products, Inc., Beloit, WIis.
SANITATION IS a subject not likely to be
understood from the reading of a single
article in a magazine, or the absorption
of material presented in a lecture or two.
Milk producers interested in quality
programs applying to their individual
dairy farms will profit most by a compre-
lensive study of the "Why" of sanitation,
and follow this with a careful evaluation
of "How" such a thing as quality may be
This series of articles is intended to pro-
vide understandable answers to both the
"Why" and "How" of sanitation. It is
earnestly hoped that at the completion of
the series, any milk producer who has
saved each of the articles will have in his
possession a basic reference file covering
the subject of milk sanitation as applied
on the dairy farm.
Sanitation came into existence and has
developed because of the presence on
earth of tiny, living things known as bac-
teria. It makes no difference what ac-
tivity is involved, be it in the kitchen of
the farm home, the dairy premises, the
commercial dispensing of food and drink,
or one of many other phases of living, bac-
teria play an important part.
Very few people, in fact, less than 15
percent of our present population, ever
have an opportunity to study the subject
of bacteriology, even to an extent suf-
ficient to impress us with its importance.
This lack of understanding of the role
played by bacteria in our daily living has
been, in a large measure, responsible for
our sanitation failures in undertakings
where bacteriological cleanliness is impor-
tant. Sanitarians are not responsible for
the fact that bacteria exist and m y do
damage. Preaching sanitation is one of
the most important contributions any in-
dividual can make to society. Abiding by
the rules of cleanliness is but carrying out
one of the most important teachings of
the Holy Word. It is an honor to practice
sanitation and much gain can accrue.
In the beginning, let us realize that
germs are not mysterious. In many ways
they resemble people. There are useful
bacteria, just as there are helpful people.
Many germs work for us every day. Soil
bacteria make it possible to grow crops
and germs are used in the processing of
many essential foods, such as butter,
buttermilk and various types of cheese.
Some bacteria are harmful, just as cer-
tain types of people do injury to other
people. When dealing with criminals in
the human family, we use jails, peniten-
tiaries, etc., to keep these individuals away
from society. It is not possible to con-
fine bacteria, so it is necessary to rigidly
practice sanitation to keep harmful germs
out of our bodies, and out of our food
and drink. Milk is an excellent food for
Bacteria are alive, eat to live, give off
waste products, react to temperatures and
chemicals in much the same manner as
human beings; colonize, may do good or
Bacteria are alive and may be classified by shape. From left, above, specimens are identi-
fied as coccii", "bacilli", spirillaa", and "bacilli-flagella". Bacteria have some charac-
teristics resembling people. They cannot, however, be seen without a microscope.
they reproduce rapidly and travel from place to place by "hitch-hiking."
evil, and whether we like it or not, we
have to deal with them every hour of the
clay. They require moisture just as we
do, and in people, as in most foods, mois-
ture is present. When germs capable of
producing disease get into our bodies, we
become sick: and when bacteria get into
milk and produce off flavors, odors, ex-
cessive bacterial counts, the milk in the
can is a sick product. The only difference
is that in one instance a human being is
involved, and in the other, a food.
A discussion of a few of the ways in
which bacteria differ from people is ex-
tremely valuable, because herein lie some
of the factors most important to the ef-
ficient application of sanitation.
Bacteria vary in size and appearance,
just as human beings differ. One of the
reasons many individuals do not place
sufficient importance on rules of sani-
tation, however, is because bacteria can-
not be seen with the naked eyes. They
average about 1/25,000 of an inch in size.
Because we cannot see them, we have been
prone to disregard their significance, and
for this reason a realization of their size
Secondly, germs reproduce with ex-
treme rapidity. If humans multiplied as
rapidly, a dairy farmer with one baby,
left at home at 7 o'clock, would find 5oo
babies if he returned at io o'clock, or
three hours later.
A third consideration, which is of the
utmost importance in sanitation, is that
bacteria have no arms, legs or wings by
which they can move from place to place.
They must be carried by some person or
by a contaminated object-this, of course,
includes rodents and insects. Herein lies
most of the necessity for sanitation. Milk
will not become contaminated unless per-
mitted to have contact with uncleaan
persons, equipment or materials. This
also applies to udder infections in the
dairy cow. It should be realized that
from the standpoint of the milk producer,
bacteria have a tremendous economic im-
Right or Wrong?
QUESTION: Milk is part of a U. S. soldier's
daily food ration?
ANSWER: Righti Fresh milk is in the daily
ration of the armed forces wherever available.
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville ........ .64.12
John Robinson, Orange Park ..........25.78
Florida Deaf and Blind School, ....... 57.22
Lakemont Dairy No. 2, Winter Park....76.23
Claude Roberts, Orlando..............85.61
Summer Fields, Summerfield .......... 37.75
Lakemont Dairy No. i, Winter Park ... .6o.66
Florida Methodist Children's ......... .20.25
WV. E. Goodyear, Ocala .............. ..26.12
A. V. Brown, River Junction .......... 8.28
County Farm Agent
RECENT TRANSFER Of County Farm Agents
in the Agricultural Extension Service has
been announced by Mr. H. G. Clayton,
J. W. Malone, formerly of Jefferson
County, is now Farm Agent for Leon
County: Oliver R. Hamrick, Jr., former-
ly Asst. Farm Agent for Lake County, is
now Madison County Farm Agent; Floyd
L. Eubanks, formerly Asst. Farm Agent
for Lake County, is now Suwannee
County Farm Agent; Albert H. Odom,
formerly Asst. Farm Agent for Escambia
County, is now Jefferson County Agent;
Charles C. Below, formerly Asst. Farm
Agent for Alachua County, is now Clay
County Farm Agent; H. O. Harrison,
formerly of Washington County, is nowv
Dixie County Agent; Johnnie E. Davis,
formerly Asst. Farm Agent for Manatee
County, is now Washington County
Agent; Earl M. Kelly, formerly Asst.
Farm Agent for Sumter County, is now
Asst. Farm Agent in Polk County; D. D.
McCloud, formerly Taylor County Farm
Agent, is now acting Farm Agent
for Hamilton County; Alexander H.
Clemmons, formerly Asst. Farm Agent
for Leon County, is now Okaloosa
County Farm Agent.
The following appointments have
been made: Jack T. McCown, Lake
County Asst. Farm Agent, Tavares;
Horace M. Carr, Calhoun County Asst.
Farm Agent; Wi. E. Kloeppel, Asst.
Duval County Farm Agent; Donald E.
Adams, Asst. Leon County Farm Agent;
Leonard C. Cobb, Asst. Suwannee
County Farm Agent; Ben H. Floyd, Asst.
Escambia County Farm Agent; Wilburn
C. Farrell, Asst. Sumter County Farm
Agent; and Jackson A. Haddox, Asst.
Polk County Farm Agent.
THERE ARE about 200 varieties of ice cream
produced in the United States.
7469 4-9 363
7240 4.9 354
Little Change Is Seen
In 1952 Milk Production
MILK PRODUCTION held up surprisingly well
in 1951 and there appears no reason to
expect any marked change in total milk
production in 1952, according to a year-
end summary of the dairy picture by the
National Milk Producers Federation in
During the first 11 months of 1951, the
Federation recapitulated, farm produc-
tion totaled 111,202 million pounds as
compared to 112.032 million pounds in
1950. Perhaps the most important trend
influencing dairy markets was the in-
creased demand for fluid milk.
This coming year, the Federation
noted, there does not appear any reason
to expect any marked change in total milk
production. If anything, production
should be down somewhat. Increasing
costs of feed, labor, and labor shortages
as the defense program picks up steam
should contribute to difficulties in the
maintenance of milk production on farms.
Then too, the actions of the government
in fixing prices, import control, and so
on, can have a material influence on pro-
The outlook is for prices to continue to
show some improvement, it was stated,
although there is little reason at this writ-
ing to expect dairying to move into a
more normal relationship to livestcok
prices, which apparently are slated to re-
National Dairy Committee
Annual Meeting Announced
THE DAIRY Industry Committee will meet
in Washington on January 16th to con-
sider further action on the control of
The last meeting of the Committee
took place in Chicago on November 28th.
FOR JANUARY, 1952 23
1950 Production Record Given For
Florida's National Honor Roll Herds
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n
ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
Special Advertising Section
ADAMS PACKING ASSN., INC.
Citrus Pulp. Citrus Meal, Citrus Molasses
Jim Coates, Sales Mgr., By-Products Div.
Auburndale, Fla. Phone 8-7061
AMICA-BURNETT CHEM. &
Dairy Equipinent and Supplies
Carl B. Caudill-Phone 4-5606
P. O. Box 2328, Jacksonville, Fla.
CHAS. DENNERY, INC.
New Orleans, La.
Ice Cream Coating, Fruits and Flavors
IRA STONE MIAMI, FLA.
DIAMOND ALKALI COMPANY
Dairy Cleaner & Alkali
Miller Machinery & Supply, Jax.
Industrial Chem. & Supply Co.,
EX-CELLO CORPN. PURE-PAK
Paper Bottle Machines Electro-Pure
Pasteurizers J. W. Radke
1680 Peachtree N. W. Atlanta, Ga.
GENERAL MILLS, INC.
Dairy Equipment and Supplies
John W. Manning, Phone 9-4586
1601 Congress Bldg. Miami
GULF PAPER COMPANY, INC.
Ice Cream (Linerless) Cartons, Butter Cartons
J. H. McVoy
50 E. Magnolia St., Pensacola, Fla.
DOUGLAS J. HEADFORD
Green Spot Orangeade Concentrate
616 Jessamine Ave. Phone 4356
Daytona Beach, Fla.
Morning Glory Milk Powder
Kalva Chocolate Syrup-Bar Coating
"Eze" Orange Concentrate
Route 9, Box 356, Jacksonville, Fla.
JIFFY MANUFACTURING CO.
Insulated Bags and Liners
Southern Representative-William Romaine
Box 5463, 5 Pts. Sta., Columbia, S. C.
ROBERT A. JOHNSTON CO.
Dairy Chocolate & Cocoa Products
J. L. Hammons Ph. Dearborn 2811
507 Nelson Ferry Rd., Decatur, Ga.
KIECKHEFER CONTAINER CO.,
CAMDEN, N. J.
Pure-Pak Paper Milk Cartons
R. J. Evans Phone 8-5296
3343 Post St., Jacksonville, Fla.
John A. Carter, (right) president of
Oakite Products, Inc., presents the D.
C. Ball Award to J. W. Haines, as Sales
Manager Frank L. Oldroyd looks on.
Oakite Representative Receives
Distinguished Service Award
J. W. HAINES, technical service repre-
sentative of Oakite Products, Inc.,
manufacturers of industrial cleaning
and allied materials, has received the
D. C. Ball Award for Distinguished
Service, it is announced by John A.
Carter, Oakite president.
The award, in the form of a bronze
plaque, will be presented annually to
the member of the firm's nation-wide
field organization adjudged to have ren-
dered the most outstanding service to
industry during the year.
Presentation of the award, which is
given in memory of David Clifton Ball,
pioneer in industrial cleaning proce-
dures, founder of the company, and
chairman of its board of directors un-
til his death last year, was made at
December technical-sales conference of
Oakite field representatives held at the
Hotel Statler in New York City.
Florida Readies for
Biggest Tourist. Season
TOURIST BUSINESS barometers in Florida are
already indicating a healthy increase over
There has been little noticeable letup
since the peak summer season, which shat-
tered tourist records of last winter in
many areas. Advance inquiries and res-
ervations indicate this will be Florida's
Through press, radio, television, adver-
tising and publicity of the airlines, rail-
roads, tourist facilities and the Florida
State Advertising Commission, the state
is being sold to Mr. and Mrs. America.
Biggest spread so far is Holiday's Janu-
ary issue. Its 18-page feature story on
Florida is well illustrated to depict Flori-
da's charm, color, and tropical outdoor
A QUART OF MILK. .i 2 pounds of "Nature's
most nearly perfect food"!
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n
ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
Special Advertising Section
KLENZADE PRODUCTS, INC.
Chemicals for Dairy and Food Plant
Sanitation H. B. Ahlefeldt
Union Term'l Whse., Jacksonville, Fla.
S. H. MAHONEY EXTRACT CO.
SALLY H. MAHONEY, Pres.
221 E. Cullerton Rd., Chicago 16, Ill.
MEYER-BLANKE CO.-Dairy Supplies
"Everything But the Cow"
Jim Campbell Ph. 6-1366
2701 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala.
NATIONAL PECTIN PRODUCTS CO.
Ice Cream Stabilizers & Emulsifiers.
Pectin Stabilizers for ices, sherberts & fruits.
J. C. Head, Phone Norfolk, Va. 2-8385
RFD No. 1, Box 48, Bayside, Va.
PAUL-LEWIS LABORATORIES, INC.
Lactivase-For the Prevention of oxidized flavor
in bottled milk, ice cream, storage cream
Also Rennet Extract-Sir Sirloin, Inc.
765 N. W. 54th St., Miami 37, Fla.
RIVERSIDE MANUFACTURING CO.
James M. Stewart Phone 3-3287
306 Lakeview Ave., Apt. 406, Orlando
Ice Cream Cabinets, Frozen Food Cabinets
W. G. Wright Phone 4201
333 Harbor Drive, Venice, Fla.
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Tamper Proof Seals-Flexible Vacuum Packages
1121 duPont Bldg., Miami, Fla.
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORPN.
Milk Bottle Closures
R. G. "Bob" Smith
500 Piedmont Ave. N.E.,Atlanta, Ga.
STEIN HALL & CO., INC.
Ex-Cello Glue, Powdered Egg Yolk,
Stabilizers, Coconut L. A. Gaston
3912 San Juan, Tampa, Ph. 62-0171
THATCHER GLASS MFG. CO.
Glass Milk Containers
W. T. LOVE, Florida Representative
2726 Willow Dr., Charlotte, N. C.
TESCO CHEMICALS, INC.,
ATLANTA 5, GA.
Anhydrous Ammonia, Liquid Chlorine
Amica-Burnett Co., Jacksonville
C. S. Johnson, Tampa -
W. L. Filbert, Miami
24 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
As We See It
by VAL A. LEE
President, Miller Machinery & Supply Co.
NEVER BEFORE was so much handled by so
few, with so little, to paraphrase a famous
world statesman lately returning to the
International scene of action. The pro-
cessing of milk and ice cream is becoming
more efficiently done with fewer men and
less equipment per
thousand gallons. As
everyone within, or
close to the industry
has observed, the
tendency is for great-
er volume in every
plant where dairy
processing is carried
on,-greater total vol-
LEE ume as well as great-
er volume per man
and machine. This seems an inevitable
result of pressure for a higher efficiency
and what is closely associated with it, a
higher standard of living.
This all seems very good, but still one
might be justified in saying in reference
to these trends and developments, "Is
that good?" We believe a good answer
would be that it is good as long as we
can keep going, as long as the overall
economy can continue to expand, and as
long as the standard of living continues to
Batch Pasteurization as it was carried
on io or 15 years ago was considered
quite up-to-date, but even then continu-
ous flow production had made its appear-
ance with the very impressive performance
of the continuous ice cream freezer. Lately
continuous and instant pasteurization be-
came recognized as having great possibili-
ties with the result that today we would
estimate that 75 percent of the bottled
milk in the Florida market is pasteurized
in this manner. Now that the manufac-
ture of ice cream is being concentrated
in the larger plants where continuous pas-
teurization can be applied with this in-
creased volume, the tendency now is to
apply the same principle to ice cream mix
pasteurization as has worked so success-
fully with fluid milk. We predict the
same success for ice cream mix as has
been evident in the preparation of fluid
milk for bottling, which will also give
more production per man hour and per
square foot of plant floor surface, and per
thousand dollars of equipment investment.
Another recent newcomer in mechaniza-
tion in the dairy industry goes right to
"Bossie" herself. We refer to the
milker, where in the barn is in
sanitary pipe line which receives
directly from a modern milking
which lifts it by vacuum into
line, which, in turn, delivers it to
cooler, or surface cooler as the cas
Where hand stripping has been
ted, this handling of the milk is c
without a drop of it being lifted
human effort, the whole proce
mechanical. It is being amply
strated that even the cleaning u
is being successfully done mec
It might be somewhat surprising to some
to know that the availability of good, new
dairy equipment at this time is as good
as at any time since World War II. There
are exceptions, of course, due to the scar-
city of certain materials, which scarcity
will become more acute, and the ready
availability of equipment as it is now, is
not expected to continue very far into
combine These new developments in mechanical
stalled a equipment require higher skill from be-
the milk ginning to end. The design and produc-
machine, tion of the equipment has to be as nearly
the pipe perfect as possible, and naturally the oper-
the plate ation of the equipment, after it is put into
e may be. use, requires a like amount of skill and
elimina- care for successful operation. We have all
arrived on heard humorous remarks about dairying
by direct by dairymen themselves to the effect that
ss being the first requirement was a strong back,
demon- and brains were secondary. If there ever
p process was a time when there might have been
hanically. some truth in this, it is not so anymore.
Citrus Concentrate Vs. Milk
Editor, The Dairy News:
I am sure the Florida Dairy Industry does
not wish to engage in a controversial discus-
sion with our good friends of the Citrus In-
dustry but a Tampa news item of recent date
quoting a Citrus Industry Chicago represent-
ative as stating: "some stores are selling more
cans of frozen citrus concentrate than bottles of
milk or loaves of bread" should not go by
This undoubtedly is true. It, however,
would seem to be a very misleading measure
of the sale of citrus concentrate to compare it
to the sales of milk in stores. Many stores
make no effort to sell milk and many Dairies
prefer to sell their milk at the home rather
than at the store.
A comparison by the Dairy Industry of the
sale of milk and frozen concentrate at the
home level would be just as reasonable as
such a comparison as the Citrus Industry
Chicago Representative has made.
The Florida Dairy Industry certainly favors
the sale of citrus concentrates but does not
feel that a reference to milk in the way that
the Citrus Industry representative probably
did unintentionally, should be made.
A comparison of the per capital consump-
tion of these two products would be more
Editor, The Dairy News:
I note that the Florida Dairy News, pub-
lished by the Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
tion, is celebrating its First Birthday with
its December issue.
The Florida Dairy News has been interest-
ing and informative in keeping the Florida
Milk Commission, the Dairy Industry and all
who receive it, well posted as to what is hap
opening in the Dairy Industry in Florida and
the country as a whole.
The Florida Milk Commission wishes to
extend to the Florida Dairy Industry As-
sociation, as well as to you as Editor of the
Dairy News, our heartiest congratulations for
a job well done.
FLORIDA MILK COMMISSION
L. K. Nicholas, Jr., Adm.
Editor, The Dairy News:
Congratulations on celebrating the first
Birthday of the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS!'
You are indeed to be congratulated on the
splendid service which this publication is
rendering the Florida Dairy Industry and all
those who are interested in its welfare and
J. WAYNE REITZ
Provost for Agriculture
University of Florida
Editor, The Dairy News:
I have read with interest your December
issue of Florida Dairy News. You have cer-
tainly improved this magazine during the
past year. We greatly appreciate your co-
With kind regards and best wishes for the
New Year, I am, Sincerely yours,
J. H. LOGAN
Fla. Guernsey Cattle Club
FOR JANUARY, 1952 25
moW ea"6s e..
t ... with Portable
men are improving
their cattle as they
improve their pas-
tures with FMC
the result is better
cattle and better
long lasting, trouble-
free service... FMC
LOCKJOINT heavy-duty cast aluminum
couplings are permanently attached to Alu-
minum pipe-you can't lose an FMC
F M C SHUR-RANCE
heavy-duty aluminum n
couplings are detachable
--their flexibility, dura-
bility and efficiency have in M
been proven by 20 yearS
actual use in the field
For full par-
ticulars s rise
REPRESENTATIVES wanted for SAFE to use
CAMICIDE. Every person and bldg. in Florida
need our sprays. Write for our 1952 profit produc-
ing expansion plans. CAMPBELL LABS., 406 Mar-
ket St., St. Louis, Mo. 121c T.F.
Suply ery Short
We are continuing to
KUDER CITRUS PULP
Available fast as
LAKE ALFRED, FLA.
The Veterinary Committee of the Association desires to be of service to Florida Dairymen through dis-
cussion in this column of any Dairy Herd problems submitted which are of general interest. Submit your
questions to the Editor, FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS. Dr. Karl Owens of Gainesville, Chairman of the Committee
will assign the questions to some member of the Committee to answer.
(Note: Continued inquiries to the Veterinary Com-
mitee regarding Anthrax* led us to ask the Florida
Live Stock Sanitary Board, who have been in charge
of the control of the Anthrax outbreak in Broward
County, to furnish an up-to-date report on this
disease. Dr. C. L. Campbell who has been in per-
sonal charge of the Live Stock Board's successful
program of control has submitted the following
ANTHRAX WAS determined to exist in Brow-
ard County about October 1, 1951, on a
ranch located some to miles west of Fort
Lauderdale and south of State Road No.
84. The inoculation of cattle for the pre-
vention of Anthrax on this ranch and in
the immediate vicin-
ity started on Octo-
ber 5. Notwithstand-
ing this prompt ac-
tion, the disease
spread to some 15
other premises, in-
cluding three dair-
ies, the infected pre-
mises being several
miles apart both
north and south,
and east and west of the original point of
infection. Although the disease is believed
to be well under control, the Live Stock
Sanitary Board decided in early Decem-
ber as a further precaution against the
spread of the disease to re-impose a gen-
eral quarantine on a limited section of
About 150 head of cattle have died from
Anthrax since its outbreak in Broward
County about five months ago. Five hu-
mans have contracted mild cases and have
Three state veterinarians are assigned
to the area to inspect all cattle before
they move to market.
The spread of this disease is attributed
to buzzards, and according to our infor-
mation, they constitute a factor in the
spread of Anthrax in this area from the
original seat of infection to distant premi-
ses, and this fact indicates that the buz-
zard life of this area should be eliminated
by trapping or any other means, or even-
tually Anthrax will spread over a large
area of Florida.
Livestock owners in and near the An-
thrax infected area should watch their
herds closely and if any animals die,
should report the death to their local
veterinarian or a representative of the
*For further information on Anthrax, write Florida
Live Stock Sanitary Board, Tallahassee, Fla., or Dr.
D. A. Sanders, Head, Dept. of Veterinary Science,
Univ. of Fla.
A Must for the Florida
"A well staffed and equipped Ani-
mal Disease Research Center, housed
in a new Veterinary Building-at the
University of Florida."
State Live Stock Sanitary Board imediate-
ly. Cattlemen within this area should reg-
ularly vaccinate their livestock to keep
them immune to Anthrax.
Livestock owners outside of the present-
ly known Anthrax involved area may, if
they wish, vaccinate their herds, using An-
thrax bacterin for this purpose. They
should not go and visit ranches where An-
thrax is known to have existed or move
any livestock, sod, grass, hay or other pro-
ducts capable of carrying contagion from
this area on to their premises. The cattle
of that area should be moved for immed-
iate slaughter only, until such time as it
is known that the disease will not re-
The State Live Stock Sanitary Board
would like to inaugurate a program
throughout South Florida to eliminate
buzzards. Such a program will require
the cooperation of all cattle owners, work-
ing together, building traps and destroy-
ing these birds in any manner possible.
Eliminating buzzards is the best insurance
the cattle industry has against the spread
THE FAT of about 28 percent of the milk
produced in 1949 was used in the making
Dairy Association Conventions
For Southern States
The 1952 Annual Conventions of
Southeastern States Dairy and Dairy
Products Associations are scheduled
Georgia Dairy Association-Jan. 10-11, Ral-
ston Hotel, Columbus, Georgia.
Alabama Dairy Products Assn.-Jan. 17-19;
The Battle House, Mobile, Ala.
Louisiana Dairy Products Assn.-Jan. 20-22;
Jung Hotel, New Orleans, La.
North Carolina Dairy Products Assn.-Jan.
24-25; Carolina Hotel, Pinehurst, N. C.
Mississippi Dairy Products Assn.-Feb. 6-8
Buena Vista Hotel, Biloxi, Miss.
Florida Dairy Industry Assn.-May 21-23;
Casablanca Hotel, Miami Beach.
26 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Whether you're growing beef or milk,
there's one profitable combination of ferti-
lizer and grass that makes you more profit.
IDEAL Pasture Fertilizers have made a
good name for themselves over the years
through paying out in dollars.
One reason IDEAL products make such
a hit is that the Wilson & Toomer repre-
sentative takes your varying soil and water
conditions into his recommendations. The
result-a better balanced pasture for your
The Right Combination
S FE RTILIZ
Harvey A. Page has joined the Wilson & Toomer
team of specialists whose aim is to help you grow
bigger and more profitable crops.
Mr. Page is our pasture consultant. He is a
graduate in animal husbandry, University of
Florida, and will devote his entire time to the
pasture problems of the increasingly important
dairy and beef cattle industry.
For Profitable Pastures
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL SUPPLY COMPANY
Peninsular Fertilizer Company Tampa Cartledge Fertilizer Company Cottondale
A L O F F I C E S J A C K S O N V I L L E, F L O R I DA
FOR JANUARY, 1952 27
G E N E R
75t af/ut/e "
0 0 0 0 000000 000000
Feed 7c e N7 ew 9mpfoted
SECURITY CALF STARTER
Consisting of flaked corn, crimped oats, and pellets. Designed to be
fed with limited amounts of milk, discontinuing milk entirely after
the fifth week.
Now contains antibiotics-
Helps control scours.
Contains trace minerals