IS DAIRY -MONTH
Governor Fuller Warren and members of the state cabinet drink a toast to the future of Florida's great Dairy Industry,
as Governor Warren presents copy of a proclamation for the observance of the month of June as "Dairy Month" to a
committee of the Florida Dairy Industry Association.
Less Labor Milks More Cows and Handles
More Milk with the Flexible Model F
DE LAVAL COMBINE MILKER
INSTALLED IN A
SEPARATE MILKING ROOM...
Milking 30-35 cows per hour per
operator is common practice in many
dairies using the De Laval Combine
Milker installed in a separate milking
room in connection with either a loose
housing or stanchion-type barn. Stoop-
ing, squatting, walking from cow to
can and carrying milk are eliminated.
Run Directly into Cans... Aerate, Cool and Can...
MostCombine users have In some sections, such as
installations which auto- California, the installa-
matically filter the milk tion is arranged to filter
and fill the 40 qt. cans in and convey the milk and
the adjacent milk house, discharge it over a sur-
Carrying and pouring face cooler, thence into
are eliminated, the 40 qt. cans.
OR IN YOUR
DAIRY BARN OR MILKING SHED
Dairymen are enthusiastic about the
wonderfully efficient results obtained
with the De Laval Combine Milker in-
stalled in the barn or milking shed. One
man milks 50 or more cows perhour.The
teat cups are moved from cow to cow
and the milk is conveyed through
sanitary pipe to the milk room.
Discharge into Farm Tank
The De Laval Combine
discharges the milk into
the refrigerated farm
tank, from which it is
either "canned off" or
pumped directly into the
milk tank truck.
r =ml = = = Ml = =l i Ii
S The Do Laval Separator Co., Dept. N 27.
/ I 165 Broadway, New York 6, N. Y.
Please send me complete information on:
The De Loval Model F Combine Milker I
THE DE LAVAL SEPARATOR COMPANY Name .................................. I
165 Broadway, NewYorlk 6, N.Y. SPRDWAr/ Town ..................................I
427 Randolph St. Chicago 6 iil
61 Bale St., Son Francisco 5, if. R.F.D .................. State.........
mmmmmmm nnmmm I I
Mil Ths Wy..
2 o FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Editor, Florida D)airy News:
"I find your )publication, 'TtIs: FLORIDA
DAIR) NEWS' both informational and inter-
Very cortldially Nours,
EDITHl ilcBRIDE CAMERON,
President Fla. Congress of
Plarentls 9- Teachers, Inc.
Editor, Florida Dairy News:
"T1HE FLORIDAo, DAIRY NEws is very interest-
ing to me since nmulch of our Work calls for
information such as thile publication includes.
I wish to congratulate the Association on
ALLIEN LE.t RusH
HoI-ose Demonslrations AgentI
Publishers, IFlorida Dairy News:
IThis letter is to hereby authorize tilhe
Florida D)airv Industry Association magazine,
"TIIE FLORIIDA D AIRY Ni WS," as tlhe official
Florida publication for thie Florida Guernsey
Congratulations to oou antd your support-
ers upon the publication of such a tlairy pro-
motional paper. 11I at any time this organiza-
tion canll be of assistance to yon and your
staff is this promotional work, do not hesi-
tate to call upon us.
JOHN B. SAsrENT, president
Flosida Guernsscv Coatlle Cslib
Editor, Florida Dairy News:
"T'hank you for thile copy) of FLORIDA DAIRY
Nvws wsshich )Yon sent to uIts. We are partic-
ularly appreciative of the very fine article
on the D)airs Show at the 1951 Florida State
J. C. HusKISSON,
Asst. Fail-r Manager
Editor, Florida Dairy News:
"Your new publication, 'The Florida Dairy
News', is so interesting, timely and attractive.
We wish you success in this venture."
R. D. JXcKsoN
President Jackson Grain Co.
Editor Of 'Tie Dairy Newvs:
"Congratulations . The first edition of
the FILORIDA DAIRY NEWS is off the press. It
is a job Well done and the International
extends its congratulations to the Board
of Directors, the Editorial Advisory Com-
mnittee, and E. T1. (And)y) Lay, Secretary
of the Florida Dairy industry Association."
\VAsIIING'I'(N NIws LrIIEI.R
International Assn. of Ice Crean
ALTHOUGH "A united Dairy Industry" is not the goal of the observance
of June as Dairy Month, this highly important result seems to have been
accomplished, to a high degree, through this unique program.
June 1951 is the i5th Annual Dairy Month and the fact that it is
being jointly observed through State Dairy Organizations of forty-six
States and all National Dairy Associations is convincing evidence of the
unity of interest and effort throughout this far-reaching industry which
"Dairy Month" has brought about.
National Associations which co-sponsor the "Dairy Month" program
are: The Milk Industry Foundation; The International Association of
Ice Cream Manufacturers; The American Dairy Association; The Dairy
Industries Supplies Association; The National Cheese Institute; The Na-
tional Creameries Association; National Milk Producers Federation; and
the National Dairy Council.
The Florida Dairy Industry Association, through its Public Rela-
tions Committee, has provided for an excellent state-wide "Dairy Month"
program under the leadership of its energetic chairman, Brady S. Johnston
of Jacksonville, who also is a member of the Public Relations Committee
of the Milk Industry Foundation.
"Essential Dairy Foods-For a Stronger Nation"
THE ABOVE is the theme selected for emphasis in all 1951 "Dairy
Month" activities. Certainly, milk and its products are a "First Line of
Democracy's defense against aggression can be aided through good
nutrition on the home front.
Greater use of milk, butter, cheese and ice cream will lead to better
family health and a stronger Nation. This is a simple way for the
people of America to help in building the most essential of all resources-
Milk and its products contribute a big proportion of four nutrients
essential to good nutrition and better health. These nutrients are (1)
calcium for strengthening bones and teeth, (2) proteins for aiding growth
and maintaining muscle tissues, (3) riboflavin for promoting growth and
better health, and (4) vitamin A for protecting health and increasing
the vitality of tissues.
Dairy foods supply three-fourths of all the calcium, approximately
one-fourth of all the proteins, nearly half of the riboflavin, and over 18
percent of the vitamin A consumed in the American diet. In addition,
they provide other vitamins and minerals essential to good health.
The nutrients in milk and dairy products are the ones that every
human being, whether young or old, needs, if he wishes to remain healthy.
Dairy foods provide 17 percent of the food energy in our diets. They are
therefore, a first line of defense.
EVERY PERSON, young or old, should drink milk. Milk contains a large
variety of nutritional constituents and considering its cost per pound
more food for the money than any other food material available-
Dr. Charles H. Mayo, Late distinguished surgeon, Mayo Clinic.
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
E. T. LAY, Editor
AL CODY, Business Manager
CODY PUBLICATIONS, INC.
General Advertising Representatives
Official Publication of
VERNON L. GRAVES, President
E. T. LAY, Executive Director
Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
THEO DATSON, First Vice President
VERNON GRAVES, President
WILMER BASSETT, Second Vice President
DR. E. L. FOUTS, Chairman, Advisory
LARRY HODGE, Secretary, Allied Trades
Also Official Publication of
OF MILK SANITARIANS
Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
JOHN T. ADKINSON, Pensacola
VERNON GRAVES, Tampa
C. RAY JOHNSON, St. Petersburg
HARRY B. MATTHEWS, Miami
FRANK B. DOUB, Jacksonville
JOHN G. DUPUIS, JR., Miami
FREEMAN HALES, Miami
WVILMER BASSETT, Monticello
J. N. McARTHUR, Miami
HERMAN BURNETT, Bradenton
L. S. ROBINSON, Jacksonville
THEO DATSON, Orlando
GORDON NIELSEN, West Palm Beach
W. J. BARRITT, JR., Tampa
WELLINGTON PAUL, Jacksonville
HENRY MCCLANAHAN, Miami
SAM H. SOLOMON, SR., Quincy
THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS is published bi-
monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10
Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida, for
Florida Dairy Industry Association, 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville, Florida. Sub-
scription price of $1.00 per year included in
dues for membership in the association.
Business office at 10 Verona Street, Kissim-
mee, Florida. Editorial office 220 Newnan
Street, Jacksonville. POSTMASTER: Please send
copies returned under label 3570 to 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville.
FOR JUNE, 1951 0 3
Primer For Americans
You LIVE in the United States of Amer-
ica. You are an American.
Real Americans like their country.
They are proud of it. They think it
is a good place to live. And they want
to keep it good-to keep it getting better
and better all the time.
But in many countries of the world,
people are unable to live the way we
do. They live in Communist countries,
or in Fascist countries. This means that
they live more like slaves than like free
men and women. They have no chance
to choose their leaders.
That's just the opposite of the way
we like to live. It's why Americans don't
like either Communism or Fascism. So
we want to keep both of them out of
'TlicPrice of ibertS
is Eternal Vigilance
P EOPLE do not hat. to
Pbe cunqoered hy an
army to lose their freedom.
It can sip away--painlesity
--through mistrust and hate
and surrender of their rights.
Freedom can he traded for
of a better life-without
working for it. It can disap-
pear before you know it
through greed, prejudice, or
just plain laziness.
That must not happen to
America, as it has happened
throughout the world,
throughout history. We must
fight for freedom in our
daily li es... by taking the
time and trouble to vote
wisely... by protecting our
J. P. BOYCE
519 E. Giddens, Tampa, Florida
E. E. FULTON
P. O. Box 374, Jacksonville 1, Florida
J. E. ORRIS
200 N.W. 129th Street, Miami 38, Florida
HOW TO DOUBLE YOUR VEAL
PROFIT ON DAIRY HERDS
There's big money in beef-type veal
from dairy cows with purebred Brah-
man sires. Brahmans, the cattle with
the hump, are top beef producers.
Dairymen are now learning it's wise
to breed only Ihigh-producing dlairy
cows to proven hulls for replacements
and to breed low producing cows to
Brahmans for fine dealers guaranteeing
top prices on the Ibeef market. For
veal purposes Brahman-Jersey hybrids
are almost identical to purebred
Brahmans. Brahman Brown Swiss,
Brahman-Holstein and Brahman milk-
ing Shorthorn crosses lead prices at
auctions everywuhre. Brahman veal
from your dairy herd not only brings
more pounds of veal in shorter time
but higher prices per pound. To learn
more about this new% source of dlairy
herd profit, write the world's largest
raisers of purebred Brahman cattle.
Ask for Packet "0".
NORRIS CATTLE CO.
R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Manager
BOX 1051 OCALA, FLORIDA
America. o l l own rights and the rights of
others.., and by showing
And the best way to keep them out is o r faith in. America h
to understand all we can about our free e,, th ing we think. s,
Democratic country so that we can pro-
tect our freedoms.
Why is America the way it is? What
makes it a good place to live? The answer is simply this:
Throughout our history most Americans have believed that every person has
certain rights and duties and responsibilities.
Americans have believed that there are certain things that people should
do, and other things they should not (1o.
They have also believed in certain things that people are, and are not.
These things that people believe are called principles. This article is an at-
tempt to state the Principles of America in simple, primer fashion so that you can
understand them, learn them, and remember them.
This is important. It was because earlier Americans believed in these principles
and guided their lives by them, that America has grown to be the good place it is.
If all of us learn and remember these principles-if we also guide our lives by
them-then we can help to keep America growing better, and better, and better.
And if we follow these Principles of America, we can help make the world a
better place to live in, too. (Continued next issue)
(A complete copy of this Article will be mailed upon request to the "DAIRY
How Would Man Exist... Without the Cow?
With all due respect to "man's best friend, the dog", 7une Daily Month
spokesmen are urging that the cow deserves at least equal billing among
the four-footed mammals for her role as "foster mother of the human race."
What the American scene might be like without the dairy herd is sug-
gested by an anonynious rhymester:
Pray tell me how would man exist
WJithout the cow?
No milk or cream; nor any cheese;
No butter for the spuds or peas;
No chocolate sundaes or parfaits;
No fish or fowl with Hollandaise.
No easy source of calcium
To build the bones and please the turn;
No ice cream cones or baked fondue,
And no Welsh rabbit, pas de tout!
No dishes loved by Aristotle;
No baby's formula or bottle;
No steaming stews with oysters swimming ,
No big strong men or lissome women!
Pray tell me how would man exist
Without the cow?
4 FLORIDA DAIRY
The Milk Commission is seen in action through the above pictures of recent public hearings held. Voluminous testimony and
facts concerning milk production and processing costs, as well as information and views from the public, are received in public
hearings and considered by the Commission before determinations on minimum prices to producers and consumers are made.
Legislature Rejects Proposals to Abolish or
Amend 18-Year-Old Florida Milk Commission
All bills affecting milk commission
defeated by the Florida legislature
THE VARIOUS bills affecting the Milk
Commission introduced in the Legis-
(1) A Bill to abolish the Milk Com-
mission, introduced by Representative
Clair Pittman of Tampa. Rejected by
unanimous vote of the House Public
(2) A Bill to deny the right of the
Milk Commission to function in anv
area until same was voted necessary by
the State Board of Health. Introduced
in the House by Representatives Moody
and Johnson of Tampa and in the Sen-
ate by Senator Branch of Tampa. De-
feated by substantial majority by the
House Public Health Committee and
the Senate Live Stock Committee.
(3) A Bill to exempt all milk pur-
chased by schools, hospitals and other
institutions from price control authority
of the Milk Commission. Introduced by
Representative Fascell of Miami and
several others. Defeated by House vote
of 47 to 32 late in the session.
(4) A Bill to require a 1 lower
store sale price than the home-delivered
price per quart of milk. Introduced by
Representatives Watson of Ft. Myers
and Tate. of Sarasota. The Bill was de-
feated by House vote of 40 to 22 at
2:00 A.M. the night before the session
Facts About the
Florida Milk Commission
IN THE interest of a better understanding
about the membership and operation of
the Florida Milk Commission, the follow-
ing information is quoted from the
Florida Milk Commission Law:
What is the Florida Milk Comission Law?
The following is quoted from the title
of the Act passed by the Florida Legis-
lature in 1933 and re-enacted in 1937
"CHAPTER 19231, Laws of Florida--AN
ACT to PIrovide for the Regulation Super-
vision and Control of the Production, Pro
cessing, Bottling, Transportation, Storage
Distribution and Sale of Milk, Cream atnd!
Milk Products, Including Regulation of
Prices, and for This Pturpose to Create a
WI1hat is the purpose of the Florida Milk
Quoting Excerpts from Section i of the
Milk Commission Act:
This Act is enacted in the exercise of the
police power of the State, and its purposes
generally are to protect the pulolic health,
safety and welfare.
Ini order, therefore, to protect the well-
being of our citizens, and to promote the
Public Welfare, and in order to preserve the
strength and vigor of the race, the produc-
tion, transportation, manufacture, storage,
distribution and sale of milk, cream and milk
products in the State of Florida, is hereby
declared to be a business affecting the Public
Health and interest of its citizens; and the
production, transportation, manufacture,
storage, distribution and sale of milk, cream
and milk products to be a paramount indus-
try upon which the prosperity of the State
and the welfare of its citizens in a large mea-
Membership of the Milk Commission.
Section 3-Milk Commission Act:
There shall be a Milk Commission which
shall be composed of (i) A Milk Admin-
istrator who shall assume all authority, powers
and duties of the present Milk Commissioner
and who shall be accountable and shall re-
port directly to the M'ilk Commission, (2)
THE STATE HEALTH OFFICER, or some
employee of the State Board of Health, and
THE COMMISSIONER OF AGRICUL-
TURE or some employee of the Department
of Agriculture, (3) A CITIZEN not con-
nected with the milk industry, (4) ONE A
PRODUCER as defined herein, (5) ONE
A DISTRIBUTOR as defined herin. and (6)
ONE PRODUCER-DISTRIBUTOR as de-
fined herein. The members of tl-e Commis-
sion, except the Administrator, shall receive
no compensation for their services as such
but shall receive their legal traveling ex-
penses when actually engaged on the bus-
iness of the Commission. The expenditures
of the Commission shall not exceed the re-
venues collected under this Act. The Milk
Administrator and other members of the
Commission shall be appointed by the Gover-
nor of the State of Florida and shall serve
for a term of four years or until their suc-
cessors are appointed and qualified.
It should be noted that only 3 members
of the Commission are from the Dairy
Industry and the remaining 4 members,
namely, the Administrator a citizen or
consumer, the State Health Officer and
the State Commissioner of Agriculture,
would lie classified as representatives of
WVhat has been accomplished by the
1;lorida Milk Commission?
We quote from a recent letter of A.
R. Nielsen of West Palm Beach, recog-
nized as one of Florida's outstanding
Dairymen and public spirited citizens.
The Florida Milk Commission has been the
means of keeping out of the State of Florida
the Washington bureaucrat that is ham-
stringing the Dairy Industry in so many
Sections of the United States. The Florida
Milk Commission is an essential segment for
the well being of an adequate supply of
fresh whole milk in the State of Florida.
Since its inception in 1933 it has been a de-
finite stabilizing influence to the Dairy In-
dustry as a whole. While the industry was
at that time threatened with a complete
break-down, it has, under the stabilizing
supervision of the Milk Commission, in-
creased over 500 percent and is today almost
supply the State's growing demand for fluid
FOR JUNE, 1951 5
Outstanding Speakers Will be Heard on Program
Of Annual Dairy Convention in St. Petersburg
Program and Arrangements Completed
For Florida Dairy Industry Convention
THEO DATSON, chairman of the Program
Committee, Charlie Landreth, Chairman
of the local Arangements Committee and
Mrs. Ray Johnson, Chairman of the
Ladies Auxiliary Arrangements Commit-
tee, report all meeting plans complete and
advance registrations indicating a record
Pictured above, left to right, are some
of the principal speakers on the program:
Richard J. Werner, Milk Industry Foun-
dation, Washington, D. C.; Hon. C. Farris
Bryant, Ocala, Speaker Designate for 1953
House of Representatives: Ed McCor-
mick, Sally Mahoney Corporation,
Chicago: P. I. Higley, Indianapolis.
President American Artificial Breeders
Service: T. N. Jones, Wyandotte Chemical
Corporation: Vernon L. Graves, President
of the Association, who will preside at the
Highlight of the 1950 Annual Convention of the Florida Dairy Industry Association at Palm Beach was the annaul dinner and
program shown above.. .another reason why Florida dairymen enjoy attending the annual dairy convention.
6 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Soreno Mezzanine Lobby
Convention Program Schedule
Wednesday Morning June 13
10:00 Opening Registration
12:30 "Early Bird" Bulfet Luncheon
2:30 to 5:30 First Business Session
3:00 Ladies special boat trip
6:15 Reception and Social Hour (All Delegates invitedl)
Courtesy Allied Trades "Alligator Club"
7:30 'til. . Buffet Dinner, Inormal Program
Thursday Morning June 14
Sconod Business Session
Ladies Sightseeing Tour and Luncheon Party
Luncheon Program Guest Speaker
Thursday Afternoon June 14
2:30 Program of Recreation Golf Tournament, Boatine,
Fishing, Sightseeing, Swimming, Etc.
Thursday Evening June 14
6.30 Reception and Fellowship Hour Honoring Assn.
Officers and Directors Courtesy, "Alligator Club"
(All Delegates In\itedl).
8:00 Annual Dilnner and Prograni Guest Speaker
Floor Show, Entertainment & Dancing
Courtesy "Alligator Club"
Friday Morning June 15
9:45 to 12:00 Third Business Session
10:30 Ladies Auxiliary Annual Business Meeting
(Separate from the Regular Business Session)
10:30 "Alligator Club" -- Annual Business Meeting
(Separate from the Regular Business Session)
Friday Luncheon Program
12:15 Final Luncheon Meeting (All Delegates &- Ladlies)
Installation of All Officers and Director.
Special Guest Speaker
2:00 Adjournimenit of Convention
2:30 New Directors' Meeting
Fishing i (;isG rI (;n if anid Bay
FOR JUNE, 1951 7
Simset Coiinlry Chibb
7-lie Soreno-Mainti~ Lobbv
Stronger Directs Program of
Nation DairyMonth l ctivi
by COL. BENJ. F. CASTLE
Exec. Director, Milk Industry
Foundation, W'ashington, D. C.
NEw RESEARCH gives greater emphasis to
the value of milk as a mainstay in the diet
of nutrition con-
Larger food bud-
gets would be need-
ed in the average
home if the vita-
mins, minerals and
calories supplied by
milk had to be se-
cured from other
CASTLE Fresh milk is low
in price compared to the average cost of
all foods in the family market basket.
This record has been maintained despite
the fact that milk company wages, operat-
ing expenses and prices of the raw pro-
duct have been at high levels.
Milk in this country today is the best
in the world. Our system of efficient low-
cost distribution, sanitation, pasteuriza-
tion an supply create a standard which
dairymen from throughout the world
come here to study. The United States
today is the greatest dairy nation.
THE FLORIDA State Dairy Month Program Committee, appointed by
State Chairman Brady S. Johnston and the Dairy Association, consists
of 38 local chairmen and 12 at large.
Members of the committee are:
E. L. Morgan, Arcadia; Herman Burnett, B'radenton; Byrd S.
Barrs, Chipley; Lamar Garrett, Crestview; Raymond Beville, Daytona
Beach; Hubert H. Jacobs, DeLand; Rudy Schneider, Eustis; H. C.
Forman, Ft. Lauderdale; Hilton Hart, Ft. Myers; W. D. White, Ft.
Pierce; L. B. Hull, Gainesville; M. A. Smith, Inverness.
Don Perret, Jacksonville: Dewey Bullard, Lake City; H. H. Hebble,
Lakeland; Geo. H. Boutwell, Lake Worth; O. Donald Hatch, Live Oak;
Ben S. Waring, Madison; Harold J. Turner, Marianna; J. N. McArthur,
Miami; F. D. Yaun, Moore Hlaven; Bill Pickens, Ocala; Tom G. Lee.
Orlando; Harry Parazine, Pensacola; John Hentz, Panama City.
Win. Lamar Rose, Punta Gorda; Sam Solomon, Jr., Quincy; Joe
Shuford, St. Augustine; Russell Revan, St. Petersburg; Dan Ballinger.
Sanford; John O. Binns, Sarasota: J. R. Ramer, Sebring; C. W. Moore.
Stuart: Curry Bassett, Tallahassee; George Heine, Tampa; John Trip-
son, Vero Beach; Gordon Nielsen, West Palm Beach.
C. O. Gerber, Winter I
Dairy Month Events
June 7-Annual Meeting
Jacksonville Dairy Council
June 13- 15-Annual Convention
Fla. Dairy Industry
Association, St. Petersburg.
June 22-Dairy Day in Jacksonville
with Parade, Milking Contest,
Advertising, Queen Contest, Etc.
Sponsored by Jr. Chamber of
Nearly half of the Nation's milk is
used for drinking and cooking. The
other half is used for butter, cheese, ice
cream and a myriad of products ranging
from powdered milk to pharmaceuticals.
The value of this annual output is es-
timated at 8 billion dollars.
Milk was more than 14 per cent of j949
farm cash income excluding government
payments; larger than hogs; almost twice
wheat; nearly one and a half times poul-
try and eggs; more than one and one-half
times cotton; four times tobacco. Milk
for only the fourth time in decades, was
not the largest single source of farm
cash income being exceeded in 1949
(Continued on page 30)
Iavecn; Brady S. Johnston, Jacksonville;
Eddie Volkwein, Jacksonville; Tom
Adams, Orange Park; A. R. Allison, Tam-
pa; Prue D. Shirley, Tampa;: Ed C. Fogg.
111, Miami Beach.
Harry Matthews, Miami; Charles E.
Landreth, St. Petersburg; Val Lee, Jack-
sonville; John Sargeant, Lakeland: J. K.
Stuart, Bartow; Mrs. Julia Foster, Jack-
Florida Dairy Month Chairman
Urges All-Out Dairy Participation
IN A special June I letter to all Florida
dairies, Brady S. Johnston, State Dairy
Month Chairman, called for active par-
ticipation of every-
one interested in the
Dairy Industry of
the state to make the
15th annual obser-
vance of June as
"Dairy Month" in
throughout the na-
tion, a big success.
The i951 Dairy
JOHNSTON Month program, Mr.
Johnston said, is planned on a larger
scale than ever before and offers a won-
derful opportunity for the Florida Dairy
Industry to improve public relations,
promote public good will, spread impor-
tant information about milk and dairy
(Continued on page 30)
8 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
June as 'Dairy Month' Proclaimed by Governor
And Hailed by Resolution in House and Senate
GOVERNOR WARREN and the State Legis-
lature have joined hands in designating
the Month of June as "Dairy Month".
An official proclamation by the Governor
was endorsed and concurred in by a re-
solution unanimously adopted by the
House and Senate, on May 31.
The Governor's proclamation calls
upon the citizens and various organiza-
tions throughout the State of Florida to
cooperate in the observance of June as
"Dairy Month" in recognition of the
importance to every citizen, of Florida's
Dairy Industry which is celebrating not
only the attainment of the highest rating
in Grade "A" milk supply, but the pro-
duction within the State, for the first
time of the entire fluid milk needs of
Officials of the Florida Dairy Indus-
try Association in Tallahassee to receive
the proclamation from the Governor, an-
nounced that a special fifty-member State
June Dairy Month Committee headed by
Brady S. Johnston of Jacksonville had
been appointed to plan and carry out
various educational activities during June
designed to better acquaint the people
with the operation of the State's 1,200
dairy farms, and over 250 Milk and Ice
Cream processing plants which involve the
milking of over 16o,ooo dairy cows twice
daily, and the processing and distribution
of milk and milk products valued at over
fifty million dollars annually.
Florida House, Senate
THE HOUSE and Senate of the Florida Le-
gislature are the first in the Nation to
give official legislative recognition of
June as "Dairy Month", according to
an official of the National Dary Council.
Indicating their wholesome respect for
the Florida Dairy Industry, members of
the Florida House and Senate took a few
minutes from their busy schedule in the
closing hours of the 1951 sixty-day session
to adopt a concurrent resolution in re-
cognition of and concurring in a proc-
lamation of the Governor designating tre
month of June as "Dairy Month."
WHEREAS, the Governor has issued a
proclamation for the observance of the month
of June as "Dairy Month" in recognition of
the progress and universal importance to the
health and economic welfare of the citizens
of Florida of the production of a wholesome
and adequate home supply of milk and milk
Now THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE
SENATE OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA, HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVES CONCURRING:
Governor Fuller Warren and State Cab-
inet '-Members Launch "Daiby Month"
Program in presenting a proclamation to
Secretary E. T. Lay and a Committee of
the Florida Dairy Industry Association.
Section i. That the Senate hereby con-
curs in the Governor's proclamation for the
observance of June as "Dairy Month".
Section 2. That a copy of this resolution
be immediately forwarded to the Governor,
the Commissioner of Agriculture and to the
Dairy Department, College of Agriculture,
University of Florida.
Adopted By The Senate and The House
of Representatives May 31, 1951.
WHEN THE nation's frontier moved west-
ward, the covered wagons were accompan-
ied by cows.
Former U. S. Congressman
Sees Fla. Great for Dairying
GLANCING INTO the future, the former
U. S. Congressman J. Hardin Peterson,
envisioned the great opportunity facing
Florida today for its development into
a great dairy state. Mr. Peterson told
the more than )o members of the Her-
nando County Chamber of Commerce.
and their guests at their annual dinner
meeting that the dairy industry in
Florida today is a booming business with
production now able to meet demands
in all areas for the first time in the
In closing his interesting talk Mr.
Peterson, who served the First Florida
District as Congressman for 18 years, em-
phasized that America is the greatest
nation on earth, and a land of oppor-
tunity for those who will take advantage
of them, and asserted that the soft spots
which are now appearing are human
errors and not weaknesses of the system
of government that has made this nation
the greatest in the world.
MILK OR derivatives of milk can be used
in a variety of industrial products.
FOR JUNE, 1951 9
STATE OF FLORIDA
WHEREAS, This State is profoundly interested in the health and strength
of its citizens and its economic welfare and since milk is recognized as of
vital and increasing importance and as nature's most nearly perfect food, and
WHEHEAS, The Florida dairy industry with its more than 157,000 produc-
ing dairy cows, over 1,200 dairy farms, numerous processing and distributing
plants and employment for thousands of Florida's citizens has become a
real factor in Florida's economic progress;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Fuller Warren, by virtue of the authority vested
in me as Governor of the State of Florida, do hereby proclaim the month
of June, 1951, as
in Florida, and call upon our people and upon all civic, business and pro-
fessional groups and organizations, wherever possible, to cooperate in its
observance, in order to increase our appreciation of milk and dairy products,
to the end that our health and economic well-being may be improved.
In Witness Whereof, I have hereby set my
hand and caused to be affixed the Great Seal
of the State of Florida at Tallahassee, the Capi-
0 o tal, this p4th day of May, A.D. 1951.
(Signed) FULLER WARREN, Governor
(Signed) R. A. GRAY
WE Secretary of State
DAIRY ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
Amendment to Milk and
Milk Products Law Passed
HOUSE BILL No. 1070 sponsored by the
Florida Dairy Industry Association and
the State Dairy Inspection Department
was passed by the 1951 legislature de-
fining and placing under proper regu-
lation certain newly developed milk pro-
ducts such as fresh milk concentrate,
a blend of milk and cream, chocolate
milk drink and low fat milk.
Cottage cheese is also brought under
inspection regulations by the bill, also
condensed and evaporated milk shipped
into Florida in regular ten gallon con-
Under the bill, fresh milk concentrate
is placed under all the, same standards
as fresh fluid milk. A "blend of milk
and cream" is required to have from
10o to 12 percent butterfat and not more
than 2 percent added milk solids not fat.
"Chocolate milk drink" is required to
have not more than i percent butterfat.
"Low-fat or non-fat milk" is given a
maximum butterfat content of not more
than 0.25 percent. Addition of vitamin
is optional but the product is required
to be homogenized and pasteurized.
A copy of this bill will be furnished to
members upon request.
THE LEGISLATURE passed a bill providing
that one member be elected from each
of the eight Florida congressional dis-
tricts. This will place two new members
on the board as soon as they are ap-
Dairy Association Objections
Made to Bills
PRESIDENT VERNON Graves forwarded the
following letter and telegram to members
of the House pointing out the Dairy In-
dustry's objections to House Bill 892 and
Letter Re: H.B. 892
To Members, House of Representatives:
On behalf of the Florida Dairy Industry
we urge your opposition to House Bill 892.
This Bill by Representative Fascell of
Miami and others would repeal the present
authority of the Florida Milk Commission for
determining a "fair price" for milk sold to
schools, hospitals and other agencies of local,
county, or State government.
This would throw the sale of milk to
schools and other institutions into a demor-
alizing price cutting war and undermine the
entire fair price and fair trade practices work
of the Florida Milk Commission, which has
been a prime factor in building up Florida's
100o percent grade A home milk supply for
the past 18 years.
The Florida Dairy Industry is most sym-
pathetic with the problems of our schools
and believe we have already demonstrated
this concern by giving discounts to schools
which no other food industry does. These
discounts of 1/2t per 1/2 pint amount to 2I
per quart. In some areas school discounts are
more than this. We feel sure your own
Dairy or Dairies will be found to be as con-
siderate and as willing to contribute to the
needs of your community as any one, and
possibly more than many.
The fair trade prices determined by the
Milk Commission protect your home milk
supply by preventing demoralizing price cut-
ting, usually by large companies who can
afford to make sacrifices in selling at a loss,
which smaller independent dairies cannot do.
Such practices force the price down to the
milk producer and jeopardize eventually the
wonderful home milk supply which Florida
The price of milk to schools and to the
public in general in Florida is certainly not
out of line. In fact, milk in Florida has in-
creased in price by a much less proportion
to pre-war prices than all other basic foods,
as well as less than milk increases in other
sections of the country.
We hope you will vote against this Bill
and protect the milk supply of your schools
Very truly yours,
VERNON L. GRAVES, President
Telegram to House Members
Re: Store Price Differential
HOUSE BILL 817 ON SPECIAL ORDER TO-
DAY WOULD REQUIRE FLORIDA MILK COM-
MISSION TO REQUIRE STORES SELL MILK
ONE CENT A QUART LOWER THAN HOME
DELIVERY PRICE WITH NO LOWER PRICE
TO THE STORE. EFFECT WOULD BE RE-
DUCTION OF PRESENT TWO CENT STORE
MARK UP TO ONLY ONE CENT RESULTING
IN STORE LOSS IN SALE OF MILK AND SHIFT
OF BUYING FROM DELIVERY TO STORE
EFFECT COULD ONLY BE DETRIMENTAL.
TO INDEPENDENT GROCERS AND TO DAIRY
INDUSTRY AND PROVIDE OPPORTUNITY
FOR CHAIN AND SUPER MARKETS TO SELL
MILK AS A LOSS LEADER. THE DAIRY IN-
DUSTRY BELIEVES IT A BAD BILL AND HOPES
YOU WILL OPPOSE IT.
VERNON L. GRAVES
(Additional legislative news will be
found on page 29).
Committee Chairmen Meet
With University Dairy Staff
Pictured above are members of the Dairy
Department Staff of the University of
Florida and Committee Chairmen of
various Dairy Industry Association Com-
mittees when they held a one-day con-
ference March 29th at the University
Dairy Laboratory. Participating in the
conference were the committees on Dairy
Education, Dairy Husbandry, Milk Pro-
duction, Pasture Development, Dairy
Plant Operation, Dairy Field Day, and
Dairy Regulations and Inspection.
1951 Annual Dairy Field Day
July 12-13, Univ. of Florida
DR. R. B. BECKER, University of Florida,
and Mr. Herman Burnett, Field Day Com-
mittee Chairman of the Dairy Industry
Association, are co-chairmen for the 16th
Annual Dairy Field Day Meeting to be
held at the University Dairy Research
Farm Unit, July 12-13 in Gainesville.
Two popular features of the 1950
Field Day Meeting to be repeated on this
year's program are the exhibit and de-
monstration of modern Dairy and Farm
Machinery by the Florida Farm Machine-
ry Association and the awarding of two
pure-bred bull calves as attendance
Theme of the 1951 Field Day Pro-
gram is "Marketing Milk".
The program for Thursday, July 12
begins at 1:3o with welcome by Director
10 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Announcing Additional 1951 Membership Dues Received
The Membership Committee wishes to express appreciation to the follow-
ing members whose 1951 membership clues have recently been received.-
Wilmer Bassett and Vernon Graves, Co-Chairmen.
Dairies' Dues Received
Mr. and Mrs. R. S. McAteer
Reggie McAteer of Tamnpa, lwho was the
Dairy Industry As.sociation's first Producer
president and one of the most popular of
the Floarida Dairy Incdustry's many leaders,
is seen above with Mrs. McAteer at the
Dairy .Associatios headquarters in Tal-
lahassee during the legislature.
They were with a large Tampa Dairy
delegation who come to protest Tampa
Representative "Pitimana's" bill to abolish
the Florida Milk Commission.
Willard M. Fifield and response by Presi
dent Theo Datson. Then follows an
address by Dr. L. E. Mull on "High
Quality Buttermilk", and at 2:3o a tour
of dairy research pastures will be led by
Dr. S. P. Marshall, followed by an exhi-
bit and demonstration of farm lnachinerv
by representatives of the Florida Re
tail Farm Equipment association. Dr.
E. L. Fouts and staff will then conduct
a tour of the dairy products laboratory.
The Friday program begins at 9:30
a.n. with Dr. R. B. Becker's discussion
of "Feeding to prevent low-test milk,"
followed by P. T. Dix Arnold on "Home-
grown feeds and results," Dr. Marshall.
Dr. D. A. Sanders and W. A. Krienke on
"The Mastitis problem," and Prof. H.
B'. Henderson of the University of Georgia
on "Marketing milk." Adjournment will
follow a luncheon at 12:15 p.m.
Florida Plant Manual is Available
THE "FLORIDA PLANT MANUAL" which
covers the proceedings of the 195o Dairy
Plant Operation Short Course at the Uni-
versity of Florida, is now available from
the office of the Florida Dairy Industry
Association, at $1.25 each.
This Manual is edited by the Dairy
Laboratory staff at the University of
Florida and covers, in full, copies of the
various papers, lecturers and reports
which were presented as a part of the
four days '950 Short Course. The "Man-
ual" is sponsored by the "Plant Commit-
tee" of the Dairy Association.
Milk in Industry
IN MORE and more industries milk is being
used to improve employees' health and
counteract fatigue. Reductions in ac-
cidents with an improvement in safety,
less absenteeism due to illness, increased
production during hours are reported.
JUNE, 1951 11
Alvarez, A. T., Dairy
Alfar Creanmery (:o.
Anderson, G.. Dairy
Anderson, Paul G., Dairy
Anderson, Edward, Dairy
Acree, Dr. James A.
Aclin Bros. Sunshine Dairy
Albritton & Kirton Dairy
Arndt Bros. Dairy
Alvarez, J., Dairy
Arpen, H. C., Dairy
Arpen, J. H., Dairy
Adams, J. H., Dairy
Boutwell's Dairy, Inc.
Blroward Jersey Dairy
Breakstone Bros., Inc.
Brushy Creek Dairy
Barber, Carl E., IDairy
Cone's Dairy Products, Inc.
Bassett's Dairy, 'Perry
Bassett's Dairy, Monticello
Basler's Swiss Dairy
Boyette, J. W., Dairy
Bayside Farms Dairy
Ballard, W. C., Dairy
Bishop, R. H., Dairy
Blue Ridge Dairy
Bassett I)airies (Tallahassee)
Black's Dairy No. 1
Black's Dairy No. 2
Beach Park Dairy
Bodden, C. L., Dairy
Byrd, W. C., Dairy
Beyers, E. G., Dairy
Bielling, A. S., Dairy
Bartholf, J. F., Dairy
Belcher, Glen C., Dairy
Carter's John D., Dairy
Crooks, J. N., Dairy
Clearwater Jersey Dairy
Corley Island Farms Dairy
Crawford's, Ned, Dairy
Country Club Dairy
Collins, Hanson E., Dairy
Copeland's, A. F., Dairy
Capitano & Diecidue's Dairy
Carter, John F., Dairy
Crooks & Johnson Dairy
Dess Bloom Goat Dairy
Datson Dairies, Inc.
Dothan Ice Cream Co.
Disston Farms Dairy
Dressel's Dairy Farm
Dinsmore Dairy Co.
MNousw Teigland, Drs., DX'M
Crosby, Roy, Quality Farm
Daniels', C., Dairy
Dale g& Robison Dairy
Diamond T. Dairy
Day's, Roscoe, Dairy
Daughety, C. O., Dairy
Enrico, S., Dairy
Edwards, R. W., Dairy
Eldridge, J. P., Dairy
Fast Coast Farms, Inc.
Fast Side Dairy
Emerine's, F. I., Dairy
Ernst. S. A., Dairy
Froehlich, E. F., Dairy
Fla. Dairies Co. (Miami)
Ferrell, L. E., Dairy
Fla. Dairy, Inc. (Tampa)
Foremost Dairies, Inc. (Fla.)
Fish, James G., DVM
Fairglade Jersey Dairy
Foster, H. M., Dairy
Fertic's, W. E., Dairy
Farnell, Norris, Dairy
Fish, K. R., Dairy
Feaglec, A. A., Dairy Palomino, E., Dairy
Giay's, H. W., Dairy Palomino's, J., Dairy,
(Goolsb)y, O. W., Dairy Palmetto I)aiy
Goolsby, V. B., Dairy Pratt's, W. S., Dairy
Gasparilla Island Dairy Palm River Dairy
Griffin, C. E., Dairy Polk's IPide Dairy
Green Valley Dairy Perret's Dairy
(Good Luck Dairy Perry's Farms
Giacone & Son Dairy Perret's I)tailry Farm
Garicia's, IE.. Dairy Plantation IFoods, Inc. (Fla.)
Golden Hill Dairy Pearce, E. M., Dairy
(Guynn's, R. L., IDairy Rucks, W. (;., Dairy
Genco's D)air Farm Ramnrir', I. R., Dairy
(Gloser, Mrs. A. L., Dairy Rosal Dlair Products, Inc.
Geiger, L. E., Dairy Rhodes, Iiank, Dairy
Freeman Hales Dairy Reagan k Son, E. L., Dairy
Hollswood Hills Dairy Raper's Dairy
Hood's Dairy Rucks, H. W., Dairy
How-Ann Dairy Rucks, C. T., Dairy
Hall, M. P., Dairy Riverview Dairy
Hricko, P'anl, Dairy Rolison, J. H., Dairy
Hobbs, A. D., Dairy Royal I'alm Dairy
Henon, C. M., Dairy Ryals Jr. Dairy
Harris, S. V., Dairy Russell's, IFred, Dairy
Harris', C., Dairy Rainbow Dairy
Holbrook g& Son, V. E., Dairy Rieker, Carl R., Dairy
Holbrook, H. A., Dairy Rahn, Oscar T., Dairy
Holbrook, J. T., Dairy Red Top D)airy
Harris, V., Dairy Rhoden, L., Dairy
Harty, E. H., Dairy Renner. l'Pauil L., Dairy
Hooks, L. Dairy Sonnybrook Creamery (Miami)
Holstein Dairy Simmons, W. J., Dairy
Hillsborough Dairy Simmons, W. Paul, Dairy
Harris. Melvin, Dairy Spring Valley Dairies, Inc.
Harmony Farms Dairy Smith, Ruth E.. Dairy
Ives Certified Dairy Smith's NI. A., Dairy
Johnson, C. Ray, Dairy Solomon's D)airy
Johnson, Ellen, Dairy Southern I)airies (Miami)
Jomnson, Roy, Dairy Skinner's Dairy
Jones, M. E., Dairy Slate, James E., Dairy
Jennings, R. R., Dairy Salmon, K., D)airy
King. '. B Dairy Swindell. P. A., Dairy
Knight, Thomas B., Dairy Swindell.,, P. A., Farms
Lee, T. G., Dairy Spencer-Hardin Dairy
Lester's, D. W., Dairy Stacy, Ralph, Dairy
.Lester's, O. L., Dairy Surl, Rufus, D)airy
Leto's, C. Dairy S. E. Z. Dairy
Lightsey's Dairy Sunrise Dairy
I.. &' L. Dairy Snosw White Dairy
Melear, V. B Dairy Smith's, L. M., Diary
MciArthur Jersey Farms, Inc. Sampson's, J. B., Dairy
McArtlhur Farms, Inc. Star Dairy
Miller, J. H., Dairy Sunnybrook Dairy No. I (Tp)
Melton, E. J., Dairy Sunnvbrook Dairy No. 2 (Tp)
Melear, C. R., Dairy Smith's. T. J., Dairy
Mitchell, C. G., &L M. G., DairySawyer's, F. G., Dairy
Miami Home Milk Co. Sessions, W. C., Dairy
McAteer, R. S. Sheffield, L. S., Dariy
Moore's Dairy, Stuart Shadowlawn Farms Dairy
McArthur, B. B., Dairy Sikes, Otis I).. Dairy
Moore's, David, Dairy Schuman, G. D., Dairy
Mole, J. B., Dairy Silcox, J. H., Dairy
Magnolia Dairy Sarmon, Rosalie, Dairy
Millitello's J., Dairy Twin Oak Farm Dairy
lMagnon, H. L., Dairy Thomas. Frank, Dairy, Inc.
Maple Lane Dairy Tarte, MI. W., Dairy
Martino. S., Dairy Trice, J. C., Dairy
Miller, Fred B., Dairy Twin Gates Dairy
Moore, K. L., Dairy Tower Dairy
Magill, F. D., Dairy Tampa Dairy
Mattox, E. L., Dairy Tomargo's, R., Dairy
Moose, B. N., Dairy Trantham, J. T., Dairy
Meadowbrook Farms, (Jax) Van Landingham, J. C., Dairy
Nowak, Ernest O., Dairy X'alrico Dairy
Newton, Dr. C. K., DVM Wright's, W. P.. Dairy
Normandie Dairy White Belt Dairy Farms, Inc.
Norton, R. W., Dairy Waldrep, W. P., Dairy
Nielsen, R. A., Dairy Waiters, E. M., Dairy
Owens. Karl R.. DVM Wiederkehr's Meadow Dairy
Oak Grove Dairy Wildwood Dairy
Oak Hill Dairy Williams, M. A., Dairy
Okay Dairy Winegard, Geo., Dairy
Osborne's May Day Dairy Webb, Bros. Dairy
Owens, I. D., Dairy Weiss, A. J., Dairy
Pipkin Dairy Williams, D. L., Dairy
Purity Ice Cream Co. Walden's, H. J., Dairy
P'ensacola Dairy Co. Ward's, Marion, Dairy
Puritan Dairy. Inc. Witten, Max, Dairy
Polar Ice Cream Co. W. 9, A. Cattle & Dairy Co.
Pettit, Chas. O., Dairy White Rose Dairy
Pompano Dairy Yaun's. F. D.. Dairy
Parker, R. L., Dairy Yates, Evans, Dairy
Phil's Dairy Ziegler, Allen, Dairy
Pennock Plantation Dairy Ziegler, C. C., Dairy
Allied Trades' Dues Received
Certified Products Co. Kieckhefer Container Co.
Crown Cork & Seal Co. Klenzade Products, Inc.
Fla. Feed Mills Lowe, Joe, Corporation
Foote & Jenks, Inc. Liberty Glass Co.
General Mills, Jax. Liquid Carbonic Corp.
General Mills, Miami, TampaMlahoney, S. H., Extract Co.
Jackson Grain Co. Marathon Corporation
Martino, P. C., Co.
Mojonnier Bros. Co.
Ralston Purina Co., Tampa
Savage Arms Corporation
Stein-Hall & Co.
The Pfaudler Co.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Dairy Farmi Research Unit
Dairn Pioduatli Laboratorn
Agricultural Lxperilrent Slation
- Removal of Extraneous Matter Makes Necessary
Filtering and Clarifying of Milk ,_
by DR. LEON E. MULL
Assistant in Dairy Technology
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
University of Florida
FILTRATION OF MILK is practiced on many
dairy farms and in some commercial
milk plants. Clarification is used ex-
tensively in commercial milk plants and
plants manufacturing milk products.
Milk as it leaves the udder of the
cow is free of visible sediment but un-
fortunately it contains blood cells, bac-
teria and other materials which consti-
tute a problem un-
der some conditions
of processing. Be-
sides there is the
pickup of visible ex-
which is extremely
milk. Thus removal
of extraneous mat-
ter becomes neces- MULL
Filtration is usually accomplished bv
adapting some apparatus to the pro-
cess which is inserted into the milk line.
Equipment of this type is referred to as
"in-the-line" filters. Milk may be fil-
tered hot or cold as desired by using
filter media specially fabricated for hot
or cold milk.
The two main types of filters in use
today are the bag type filter and the
disc type filter. Either type of filter,
if operated properly, will remove a large
portion of visible sediment from milk.
The disc type filter, however, has a num-
ber of desirable features which are
worthy of mention. In its construction
it is made up of a series of stainless
steel plates mounted horizontally with
cotton mniedia, the suspension of which
is made possible in the milk flow by
stainless steel spiders. It is constructed
in such a manner that all milk must
flow upward through a series of parallel
pads. Heavy material, such as sand,
drops by gravity to the steel plates and
therefore does not clog the filter media.
It is sanitary, easy to clean and easy to
keep clean. Other advantages claimed
for the disc filter are that the initial in-
vestment is comparatively small and fil-
THE MANY friends of Leon E. Mull
of the Dairy Department Staff,
F lo r i d a Agricultural Experiment
Station, University of Florida (1940o-
1947) will be pleased to learn that
Dr. Mull has received his Doctorate
in Dairy Bacteriology from Iowa
State College at Ames, and has re-
joined the staff of the university.
THE DAIRY NEWS takes pleasure in
summarizing Dr. Mull's life history
as submitted by a friend: Born,
Illinois, 1913 . Attended Uni-
versity of Illinois 1935-39, with in-
termittent employment, Coppin's
Dairy, Streator, IllI . Received
B. S. degree (with honors) in Dairy
Industry at University of Illinois
1939. . Received Masters Degree
in Dairy Industry at University of
Missouri 194 o. . joined Dairy
Science Department, University of
Florida 1940. . Volunteered for
military service in Naval Reserve
1942. Served as gunnery officer a-
board merchant vessels in European
and Carribean areas, and assigned
to loading operations in Hawaii.
Honorably discharged to inactive
duty with rank of Lieutenant USNR,
1946. . Rejoined Dairy Depart-
ment 1946 . Entered Graduate
college at Iowa State College, Ames,
Iowa, 1947. . Received Doctor of
Philosophy degree in Dairy Bac-
teriology at Iowa State College 1951-
Rejoined Dairy Science Department
staff 1951. . Married Marilyn
Carol Roberts of Gainesville, 1942.
Now has two children: Tommy, 3,
and Jean Ann, i. . Member
American Dairy Science Association
and is an Advisory member Florida
Dairy Science Association and of
the Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
tration is more efficient by virtue of the
type filter media employed and a great-
er area of effective filtering surface. Some
operations are employing the filter discs
in the same way that sediment discs are
12 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
used to show milk handlers their ef-
ficiency in producing clean milk. Un-
like the sediment disc which shows only
the visible sediment in one bottle of
milk, the filter disc shows the gross vis-
ible sediment from all the milk of a
complete day's operation. This may re-
present up to several thousand pounds
of milk rather than just one bottle of
The accumulation of material in the
bowl of the ordinary centrifugal cream
separator probably suggested to the
early users of this machine that it might
be used to remove sediment from the
milk. In actual practice, however, se-
veral difficulties were encountered which
made its use for this purpose impracti-
cal. As a result of practical observations
a modified centrifugal separator, known
as the centrifugal clarifier, was introduc-
ed. In contrast to the separator, the
clarifier is designed to operate at a low-
er speed, thus reducing separation of
cream. Furthermore, the bowl of the
clarifier has more space between the
outer edge. of the discs and the inner
edge of the bowl to accommodate the
extraneous matter thrown out of the
All foreign matter in milk is not com-
pletely removed by filtration. The clari-
fier removes not only visible material but
such materials as body cells, bacteria,
some casein particles, fat and various
other materials which pass through ordi-
nary filter media. These latter materials
cause no special problem in regular
pasteurized creamline milk, but if con-
ditions are favorable this sediment some-
times appears as a grayish sludge-like
sediment in homogenized milk. To be
safe milk intended for bottled homongen-
ized milk always should be clarified. Milk
properly clarified will not contain visi-
Replacing the conventional type milk
filter by a modern centrifugal clarifier
immediately introduces a number of
problems in the milk plant operation.
A clarifier is an expensive piece of equip-
ment which makes necessary a certain
minimum volume of milk to warrant the
expense of adding this type of equip-
ment. The volume of milk to be clari-
fied determines to a certain extent the
capacity of the clarifier necessary to make
the operation efficient. It is essential.
therefore, to carefully analyze the overall
operation to determine if the operation
will warrant the expenditure. Other fac-
tors not to be overlooked are such opera-
tion costs as power, maintenance and
cleanup. It must be kept in mind that
the clarifier is a finely machined and a
very delicately balanced mechanism.
Rough handling can destroy the bal.
ance and materially affect the results.
Extreme care must be exercised at all
times in handling the bowl and its parts
if the machine is to give the service
over a period of years which it is de-
signed and built to give.
Locating the clarifier in the most de-
sirable place within the milk system
usually is one of the most difficult de-
cisions for the milk plant operator to
make. No specific recommendations
can be made on this point because the
best location of the clarifier for the
most part will depend upon each in-
dividual operation, of which no two are
exactly alike. While it is feasible to
clarify hot milk, the chief objection to
this method is that the clarifier bowl
seems to fill with sludge about twice as
fast when the cold milk is clarified.
The pasteurizing system then must be
shut down to clean the bowl. If the
bowl is not cleaned when it becomes
filled with sludge, a reduction in the
creamline will occur and an efficient
job of clarification cannot be done.
In the HTST system the clarifier may
be used in any one of three locations.
The preferred location is in the re-
ceiving room between the dump tank
and the storage tank. This location has
the advantage that the operation is more
apt to be a continuous one. The clari-
fier should not be stopped once the re-
ceiving operation is begun until the last
of the milk has been clarified. In this
instance the milk is clarified cold, which
prevents excessive sludge formation in
The second location is between the
storage tank and the float tank. Here
again the milk would be clarified cold.
Placing the clarifier at this point in the
operation is satisfactory.
The third location is between the tim-
ing pump and the heating section on the
hot raw side of the regenerator. Two
difficulties arise when the clarifier
is placed in this position. The clarifier
sets up a relatively high head pressure,
making it necessary to have the clarifier
operating when the timing pump is
timed. If the clarifier stops for any rea-
son during the operation, the milk flow
is increased because of the decreased
head pressure, thus allowing the milk to
be underheld. In this case the milk is
clarified hot which causes collection of
an abnormally great deposit of sludge
in the clarifier bowl.
It is not recommended that the clari-
fier be placed after the homogenizer, be-
cause it is conceivable that some of the
material could be broken down into such
finely divided particles that it might not
be completely removed from the milk.
In some instances clarification after ho-
mogenization has been known to cause
a slight recreaming in the milk. Incom-
plete or poor homogenization may have
been the cause in these instances.
Since it is practically impossible to com-
pletely prevent the entrance of extran-
eous matter in milk, the responsibility
rests squarely on the shoulders of each
milk handler down the line to exert every
effort to keep milk the fine, clean, whole-
some food product that it is intended
' Dairy Industry Makes Great Advances on All Fronts
by C. W. REAVES
Extension Dairyman, University of Florida
WHILE DAIRY cow numbers have been de-
creasing nationally since the end of World
War II, a steady increase in milk cows
has taken place in Florida. According to
figures for the various years from the
U. S. Department of Agriculture's Ag-
ricultural Statistics, the number of cows
kept for milk pro-
duction on Florida
farms has increased
from 1o10,000 in 1940
to 152,000 in 195o,
or an increase of 38
percent. Along N_..
the increase in cow
numbers, the aver-
age production per
cow has increased
from 3150 pounds of REAVES
milk yearly to 4200, an increase of 33
percent. The combined effect of the
increase in cow numbers and increased
average production is an increase of
80 percent in total milk production in
Florida during the last ten years. The
production was given as 318 million
pounds in 1940 and 571 million pounds
in 1950. The number of dairies pro-
ducing and selling milk has increased
from 834 in 1940 to 1153 the first of
this year, or 38 percent increase in num-
bers of farms selling milk.
A breakdown of the utilization of the
milk shows that milk sold to dealers in-
creased from 156 million pounds to
395 million pounds, or 153 percent in-
crease during the, same ten year period
from 1940 to 1950. Milk sold retail by
farmers as milk or cream increased from
72 million pounds to 78 million pounds,
or 8 percent, making an increase of 103
percent in the total milk sold by dairy
The size of the industry and its con-
tribution to the total agricultural in-
come is indicated by the fact that the
total farm income from dairy products
was $40,132,000 in 1950. This was an
increase of 210 percent over the $12,-
937,000 in 1940. These figures include
the value of milk consumed on the farm
table where produced, but not that suck-
ed by calves. The total dairy products
sold by farmers (cash receipts to farmers)
was $33,955,000 during 1950, compared
to $9,649,000 in 1940, or an increase of
252 percent in the ten year period. The
income to Florida farmers for dairy pro-
ducts exceeded that of either beef cat-
tle or hogs.
Imports of milk for fluid milk pur-
poses have decreased each year. Some
milk is being exported to Georgia and
Alabama so that the imports less the ex-
ports give smaller net imports than ever
before. Net imports of milk for use as
fluid milk amount to very little. Cheese,
evaporated milk and butter are import-
ed from outside the state.
Factors affecting the above increased
sales and increased income from dairy
products include the improvement of the
quality. Florida has milk which com-
pares favorably with that of any state in
the union in the sanitary conditions un-
der which it is produced as well as the
butterfat content of the milk. All milk
is inspected by the Dairy Division of the
State Department of Agriculture and by
local health departments of the cities,
and must meet the strict sanitation re-
quirements both as to equipment and me-
thods of handling.
The health program for dairy cattle
has progressed steadily. The Bang's
control program administered by the
State Livestock Sanitary Board and the
U. S. Department of Agriculture Bureau
of Animal Industry is making steady pro-
gress. A total of 81,602 calves have
been calf-hood vaccinated for Bang's dis-
ease since January 1, 1941. The mastitis
program carried out by the Mastitis Con-
trol Division of the State Livestock Board
has rendered valuable service in helping
farmers adopt milking practices for the
control and elimination of mastitis.
The rapid increase in acreage of im-
proved pastures and the fertilization and
improved pasture management which is
getting underway is making a big con-
tribution to the improvement of the pro-
duction and quality of milk. When this
program is established on a larger scale,
it will result in greater profits to the
dairymen through the efficient produc-
tion of milk.
Better feeding and better herd manage-
ment in general have been of vital im-
portance in developing the state's dairy
industry. The dairy herd improvement
association work has been quadrupled
during the past four years. Definite re-
cords of production, income and feed
costs are being kept on over 7500 cows
in herds of DHIA members which pro-
vide a guide for feeding, breeding, and
better herd management practices. These
herds serve as demonstration herds to
others. Another program which is mak-
ing a contribution to the increased in-
terest in better dairy cattle is the de-
velopment of artificial breeding in the
state. This program is making available
FOR J U N E, 1951 13
to large and small dairymen and to
family cow owners the services of high
production proved bulls. Starting in
the fall of 1948, the program has grown
more rapidly than all expectations; a
total of 18,999 cows were bred artificially
in 195o and 25,851 cows are enrolled for
artificial breeding during 1951. This re-
presents 17 percent of the total cows in
the state. A few more than four million
cows are being bred artificially in the
nation, representing 16.6 percent of all
dairy cows in the United States. The
progressive attitude of Florida dairymen
is indicated by their adoption of this pro-
gram and its rapid growth during its first
two and one-half years by which Florida
has reached and slightly exceeded the
national percentage of cows artificially
bred. The fact that the artificial breed-
ing offers the service of bulls proved
for high production has given farmers
more interest in raising dairy heifers for
their herd replacements in that they have
more assurance of the productive capacity
of such heifers. The number of heifer
calves being raised for replacements is
more than double the number raised in
1940. The increased interest in raising
dairy cattle, as well as the better care of
their cows for high production, gives
evidence that Florida farmers are be-
coming more dairy minded. The size
of the dairy income indicates the impor-
tance of the dairy industry to the agric.
cultural economy of the state.
Keep FPorida Pastures
Green, Arnold Urges
by P. T. Dix ARNOLD
Assistant Dairy Husbandman, Univ. of Florida
THE CENTERS of dairy production th-
roughout the United States are largely
dairy farming sections. By dairy farm-
ing is meant that a large part, if not all,
of the feedstuffs are produced on the
farm where the cows are kept. This
is particularly true of the roughage part
of the cow's ration. The dairy cow is a
ruminant having the ability to consume
ties of roughage and
her greatest asset is
the production of
abundant supplies of
the world's most
perfect food from
In Florida the
roughages for dairy
cows is in its early ARNOLD
infancy. Of course, we all know of
dairymen who have good pasture pro-
grams in operation now, but we also
kiow of dozens of dairies where exer-
cise is the chief occupation of the cows
during the time they are not in the
stanchions. With the wonderful cli-
matic advantages for pasture production
there is every reason to expect ever in-
creasing forage production in the state
as a whole especially when dairymen
thoroughly comprehend the advantages
of a good pasture.
Several of these advantages are (i)
low cost nutrients (2) more regular re.-
production and (3) longer productive
life with lower cow depreciation. These
all help to lower the cost of producing
Based on herbage samples taken with-
in cages in a grass and clover pasture
over a five year period it was estimated
that an average of 4420 pounds of total
digestible nutrients were produced per
acre each year. The cost of lime, fer-
tilizer, seed and labor in establishing
this pasture did not exceed $30.00 per
acre. This made the cost of a pound of
total digestible nutrients about two-
thirds of a cent. After the year of es-
tablishment the annual fertilizer and
labor cost was estimated at $20.00 an
acre making the nutrients produced cost
less than one-half cent per pound.
In Pangola, Bermuda, Bahia, Dallis and
carpet grass pastures, where legumes are
not present, the yield of nutrients is not
as high and higher priced fertilizers
containing nitrogen are required. Nu-
trient costs per pound range from one
cent to one and three-quarter cents.
Compare these costs for nutrients with
prices of purchased feeds such as citrus
pulp at $2.40 (three and one-third cents
per pound TDN,) corn feed meal at
53.75 (four and one-half cents,) mixed
dairy feed at $4.25 (5.6 cents).
The fact that pastures can be so help-
ful in producing low cost milk is shown
by DHIA records of feed costs per hun-
dred pounds of milk during the months
of good pasture growth. Also DHIA
members having a good pasture program
have consistently low feed costs in com-
parison with other members of the same
association who are giving little atten-
tion to pastures.
A 950 pound cow producing three
gallons of 4.5 percent milk requires
about 17 pounds TDN daily to main-
tain herself and provide for this level
of milk production. On a good pasture
she can obtain 12 or 13 pounds of TDN
or even more leaving four or five pounds
of nutrients to be fed in the barn in the
form of concentrates. A good dairy
concentrate feed should contain 75 per-
cent TDN; thus, six pounds of this
feed should provide four and one-half
pounds required to supplement the
good pasture. This figures two pounds
of purchased feed per gallon or roughly
one pound of concentrates to four
pounds of milk produced. If the pas-
ture nutreints cost was from three-fourth
cent to one and one-half cent (depending
on legume content as pointed out
above) the pasture provided nutrients
for this cow at a cost ranging from nine
to 18 cents and concentrates at a cost
of 25 to 30 cents making an average feed
cost per gallon ranging from 11 to 16
The objective of good pasture for
dairy cows should be to make the pas-
ture herbage taste so good to the cow
that she will eat her limit and not be
hungry for concentrates. For the past
two months at the Dairy Research Unit
at Hague excellent pasture has been av-
ailable. Many of the cows have been
refusing part of their concentrate of-
fering when fed at the rate of one. pound
to four pounds of milk produced. Of
a group of 40 cows, seven producing less
than 20 pounds of milk daily get three
to four pounds of concentrates while
four cows producing from 40-48 pounds
have not been cleaning up an offering
of 10-12 pounds of feed in the barn.
When the pasture grasses and legumes
are young and tender and are in a rapid-
ly growing stage, protein content is high
and fiber content low. Cows like the
taste of it and eat tremendous quantities.
On the other hand, when pasture plants
get mature the protein content becomes
lower and the fiber goes higher. Then
the cows do not eat as much because
it is tough and not palatable. Good
pasture management and frequent appli-
cation of fertilizers together with favor-
able moisture tends to keep the herbage
in a palatable and nutritious stage.
Good pastures do not develop them-
selves. They require planning, hard
work, favorable fertility and moisture.
Most dairymen are good at planning,
all work hard, fertility may be purchased
reasonably and rainfall my be supple-
mented, when needed, by irrigation.
There is no reason for not having good
Weight Per Gallon Not
Affected by Butter
"DoEs BUTTERFAT Content Variation Af-
fect Weight of Milk?"
The above question submitted to the
DAIRY NEWS by a
Dairyman was sub-
mitted to Dr. E. L.
Fouts, Head of the
_.d" Dairy Department,
University of Fla.
Dr. Fouts' answer is
"The weight of
milk per gallon va-
Fours ries very little regard-
less of the butterfat content. According
to information contained in a Bureau of
Standards bulletin milks of various fat
contents weigh as follows:
(Continued on page 23)
14 e FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Florida Milk Sanitarians Association group In 1951 Annual Convention.
Florida Milk Sanitarians Hold Successful
Meeting in Gainesville During Mid-April
THE FLORIDA Association of Milk Sanitar-
ians met at the University of Florida in
Gainesville April l1-13, 1951. It was the
7th Annual Conference of the Association.
A very excellent program was presented
which was attended by approximately 75
milk sanitarians and other interested per-
sons from all parts of the state.
Several well-known out of state speakers
presented authoritative talks. C. F.
Weinreich, Head of Research Depart-
ment, Cherry-Burrell Corporation, Chi-
cago, presented talks on H.T.S.T. pas-
teurizer and cleaning permanent milk
pipe lines. Bill Bryant of Johnson &
Johnson Co., Montgomery, Mfich., pre-
sented a talk on sanitary milk production
and also shoxWed his self-made color movies
of the Dade County Milk Program which
has gained national popularity because of
the progressive ideas portrayed in this
movie. W. E. Botwright, from Rohln S
Haas Co., Philadelphia, talked on qua-
ternaries and Mr. A. C. Gustafson from
De Laval Co., New York, talked on com-
Several Association members cooperated
in presenting talks, without which the
program would not have been the success
that it was. S. D. Williams talked on
tank trucks and Mr. Ben Northrup led
a panel discussion of highlights of the
1950 International meeting, which in-
cluded talks by A. G. Shaw on interstate
milk shipments, S. T. Chalker, Jr. on
whipped cream dispensers, W. R. Thomp-
son on glass pipe lines, and L. T. Smith
on bulk dispensers.
Staff members of the Department of
Dairy Science of the University who pre-
sented papers included Dr. R. B. Becker,
Dr. S. P. Marshall, Prof. W. A. Krienk,
and Dr. H. H. Wilkowske. Their talks
were based upon research studies con-
ducted at the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station and included informa-
tion on mastitis control, feeding practices,
constituents in milk, antibiotics in dairy
products and penicillin effects on plate
The Florida Dary Industry Association
sponsored a friendly get-together and en-
tertainment at a banquet held at the new
student service center on the Campus.
Officers of the Association elected for
the coming year are: President-Lewis T.
Smith, Jacksonville, Dairy Supervisor
State Department of Agriculture. Vice
Presidcnt-R. R. Hood, Pensacola, Es-
calmbia County Milk Sanitarian. Secre-
tary & Treasurer-Dr. Howard H. Wil-
kowske, Dairy Department University of
Milk Sanitarian Group
Will Adopt Constitution
AT THE ainnaul meeting of the Florida
Association of Mlilk Sanitarians held in
Gainesville, April 11-13, 1951, a motion
was passed empowering the president to
appoint a "Constitution and By-Laws"
committee to revise the constitution, and
bring up to date and in agreement with
the newly adopted constitution of the
International Association of Milk and
Food Sanitarians, with which the Florida
Association is affiliated.
President Lewis T. Smith, Jacksonville,
has announced appointment of the fol-
lowing committee for preparation of a
suggested constitution: W. Howard
Brown, Jacksonville; Alex G. Shaw, Tal-
lahassee: Prue D. Shirley, Tampa; Ben
J. Northrup, St. Petersburg; and Sam 0.
"Fence Post Treating"
MANY CATTLEMEN, dairymen and others are
making arrangements to prepare addition-
al pasture at this time. Providing fence
posts is a must and for those who wish
to make them last longer, a cold soak
method of preserving fence posts can be
used, according to F. E. Baetzman, Orange
County Agricultural Agent.
The material used in the treatment is
called pentachlorophenol which is diluted
with fuel oil or kerosene.
You can use sap pine or sapling oak
by removing both inner and outer bark.
then the posts are dried for ninety clays,
under a shed if possible. A low cost vat
can be constructed from two 55-gallon
oil drums simply by cutting one drum
lengthwise, and then cut out one end of
each half. Cut an 18 or 24 inch section
from another drum (the remainder of this
drum can be used as a mixing tank).
Weld the three pieces together to make
the soak tank.
A supply of copies of "Fence Post
Treating", giving the directions for miN-
ing fence post preservative and a dia-
gram of the construction of the soak tank,
is available simply by addressing a card
to the County Agent's Office, Court
House, Orlando, Florida, and he will be
glad to mail a copy.
"THE SWEETEST sound in anyone's ear is
the sound of his own name."
FOR J U N E, 1951 e 15
Edited by MRS. E. T. LAY, Secretary
Dairy Lady of the Month:
MRS. H. B. THOMAS
NOTE: Ladies Auxiliary members are invited to send to your Secretary, nominations for future selection.
IT SEEMS only fitting that our lady of the month should be Shirley Thomas, who will
preside at the annual business meeting of the Ladies Auxiliary in St. Petersburg in
June. Last year, when we met in West Palm Beach, her
home town, she was the chairman of the entertainment
for the ladies. She did this job so well that she was
forthwith elected president.
Mrs. Thomas was born in Cleveland, Ohio but came
to West Palm Beach in 1925 with her family in time to
attend local schools. After one year in college she en-
tered Good Samaritan Hospital for training and was
graduated there as a registered nurse.
H. B. Thomas came into the story of her life one day
when he escorted a group of nurses from the hospital
on a tour of a dairy farm. Shirley says, "It shows how
cows and love bloom together." Subsequently, they
were married in the Presbyterian Church of West Palm
MRS. THIOMAS Mrs. Thomas belongs to the Good Samaritan Hospital
Alumnae Association, of which she is a past-president,
and the American Nurses' Association. She is an of-
ficer in the Youth Conservation Department of the Woman's Club, and of the Los
Amigos social club. She is also a director of the County Tuberculosis Association
and a member of the Presbyterian Church.
For hobbies, Shirley is fond of gardening, knitting, bowling and baseball games.
She loves people-working and playing with them, reading and studying about
them. She says that she is very eager right
now to get to the St. Petersburg Meeting
and to meet the person who has been
her "secret" pal this last year. Cards and
gifts throughout the year have been won-
"The fellowship that has generated
from these dairy meetings and the good
that our auxiliary can do to help promote
the dairy industry interest me greatly."
says Shirley. "See you in St. Pete, June
MRS. BERTHA ELLIOTT of Jacksonville is the
only woman member of the Florida Milk
Commission. Mrs. Elliott is the wife ol
the late W. A. Elliott who was managing
editor of the Florida Times-Union. Mrs.
Elliott keeps informed on Dairy Industry
matters by faithful attendance at all prin-
cipal dairy meetings held in the state.
MRS. JOHN HENTZ of Panama City has been
seen in attendance at dairy meetings a
number of times in recent months in-
cluding Sarasota, Jacksonville and Tal-
lahassee. The accompanying picture was
taken by the DAIRY NEWS photographer at
a recent dairy group meeting in Tallahas-
see. Ruth's husband John is owner of
the St. Andrews Bay Dairy, Panama City,
and a member of the Florida Milk Com-
MRS. MARJORIE LAY, secretary of the Ladies
Auxiliary, is seen leaving the association
office in Jacksonville.
How TO tell the sexes
both are wearing slacks:
ing is the man.
Typical of annual meeting entertainment for ladies is the boat trip pictured above
at a former F.D.I.A. Convention.
apart now that
The one listen-
"LovERS OF today and yesterday differ
because in the old days they gassed on
16 FLORI DA DAIRY NEWS
MRS. H. B. THOMAS, President
ICE CREAM is a bountiful source
T, of precious Vitamin A,
proteins, calcium, phos-
phorous, riboflavin all
Dthe tissue and bone build-
ing minerals you could pos-
sibly find in one f a- d ... de-
-licious, nutritious, e it it often.
SERVE ICE CREAM
MMMM .... IsN'T it good? Of all the good things to eat there is nothing that provokes
such ecstatic compliments or gives so much obvious eating pleasure as ice cream.
Seldom do you find a food so ambrosial that is so good for you too. It's fine
t include in a reducing diet for it is high in protective values yet is relatively low in
calories. Fortunate as this is for the colorie counters the fellow who wants to build
himself up is lucky too for he can have
double portions richly garnished With
fudge or butterscotch sauce. Or, he can
order his pie or cake a la mode, use ice
cream as a topping for puddings, or just
eat it plain at meals or as between-meals
If your first choice of flavors is vanilla
you keep qood company with thousands
of other folks who choose vanilla, too.
And from the enticing list of other ice
cream flavors the adventurer in good eat-
ing may choose just the dish to suit a
special mood or appetite... chocolate ice
cream, rich and smooth...all manner of
fruit and nut ice ceams...crunchy toffee
and peppermint stick...or such delicate
treats as fresh coconut or pistachio.
Consider too the pleasant texture, tem-
perature, and flavor contrasts ice cream
gives to other foods. It's just the right
finish for a crispy tender meringue, a per-
fect flavor and texture foil for a wedge of
apple pie. It's a flavor treat with a square
of warm gingerbread or pudding, and
the glory for a ripe, sweet melon.
Certaily no other food offers such in-
finite variety. Suitable as it is for every
age group from toddlers to big folks and
grandma, too, it is the perfect family
dessert. It's a wonderful "picker-upper"
after an afternoon of shopping and a safe
after-school lunch for a hungry child.
Take it to a picnic. It is as much at
home there as it is at the highest tea or
Milk is Recommended
As Best Bread Enrichment
IN ANSWER to an inquiry by the Public
Health Committee of the House of Rep-
resentatives, Florida State Legislature, to
the University of Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station concerning the re-
sults of experiments by the Department
of Home Economics of the Agricultural
Experiment Station in the field of Bread
Enrichment with synthetic vitamins and
minerals, the Committee received the
following letter from Dr. 0. D. Abbott,
head of the Home Economics Depart-
"A 5-year study of the effectiveness of
'Enrichment' on the nutritive value of
four types of bread in general use has
been concluded. The outstanding results
may be summarized as follows:
"1. When judged by appearance,
weight, skeletal development and repro-
duction of rats, no advantages due to en-
richment could be demonstrated.
"2. When the bread diets were sup-
plemented so that normal or near normal
growth of rats occurred, again rats fed
enriched bread were in no way superior
to those fed unenriched bread.
3. The results of supplementation
indicated that protein or factors contain-
ed in protein were the limiting factors.
"4. Further supplementation showed
that the most practical and effective
means of improving the nutritive value
of bread was the inclusion of milk. Also
when milk was added further supple-
mentation with vitamins was without ef-
OmIDA D. ABBOTT
Columbia County Interest
COLUMBIA COUNTY farm families and 4-H
Club members are showing increased in
terest in a better supply of milk and
other dairy products by starting home
dairy projects, according to Mrs. Glenn
Sewell, home demonstration agent. About
20 persons recently purchased high grade
week-old calves from a Jacksonville dairy.
HENRY FORD once said, "an educated man
is not the one whose memory is train-
ed to carry a few dates of history, he
is the man who can accomplish things."
FOR J U N E, 195 1 17
Ladies Special Program
June 13-15, Annual Meeting, Soreno Hotel, St. Petersburg
Wednesday, June 13
Registration Begins ........................................ 1o:oo A. M.
Ladies Sightseeing Tour, Meet in Lobby, To Tour the
"Sunken Gardens" and the "Gresh Wood Parade"........... 3:00 P. M.
Social Hour & Buffet Dinner .........................6:30 P. M. 'til.
All delegates and guests at the Sunset Country Club
Thursday, June 14
Ladies Boat Trip to "Bahama Shores Yacht Club"
Meet in lobby of Soreno Hotel ........................... l:oo A. M
Luncheon for Ladies at the Club ............................12:30 P. M.
Card games, swimming, etc.
Social Hour Soreno Hotel ...............................6:15 P. M.
(All delegates and guests)
Annual Dinner, Entertainment, Dancing, Soreno Hotel...... 7:30o P. M. 'til
Friday, June 15
Ladies' Auxiliary Business Meeting ..........................10:30 A.M.
Soreno Hotel (Place to be announced)
Luncheon Honoring New Assn. Officers, Soreno Hotel ........ 12:45 P. M
Adjournment ............................................... 2:00 P. M.
Florida Jersey Club Sale at Marianna April 5
Furthers Cause of Good Dairying in North Florida
by F. E. BAETZMAI
Secretary Fla. Jersey Cattle Club and
Orange County Farm Agent
THE FLORIDA Jersy Cattle Club's promo-
tional sale in Marianna on April 5 was a
decided success in accomplishing its pur-
pose of placing registered Jerseys on
farms in the rapidly developing dairy
section of West Florida. Twenty-two
head of well-bred, nice type animals were
consigned by seven of Florida's leading
Jersey breeders. They sold for an average
of $297.27, an increase of $53.00 over the
average of last year's promotional sale.
The public spirited Jersey enthusiasts
and the number each con-signed are as
follows: A. T. Alvarez, Jacksonville, 2;
Frank L. DeBord, Quincy, 2; W. J. Nolan,
Alpine Dairy, Jacksonville, 5; George G.
Sixma, Lake Helen, 2; J. K. Stuart, Bar-
tow, 4; Summer Fields (Carlos Griggs and
Guy Wachtstetter), Summerfield, 5; and
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville, 2. All of
these herds but one are located 200 to
350 miles from Marianna.
W. W. Glenn, Jackson county agent at
Marianna, was chairman of the sale com-
mittee and did an excellent job in pro-
viding suitable facilities for the cattle and
a fish fry for consignors and visitors. Tom
McCord, a favorite at Florida cattle sales
whether they be Jersey, Guernsey or
Brahman, was auctioneer, assisted in the
ring by Joe Graham and Bill Sherrill.
J. W. Davis, Southeastern Field Man, gave
valuable assistance as did Frank DeBord,
Mrs. Welkener and C. W. Reaves, other
members of the sale committee.
M. T. Crutchfield and his two sons of
Jackson County collectively were the
largest buyers, selecting three beautiful
heifers of W. J. Nolan's consignment and
an exceptionally nice young cow of
George Sixma's for 4-H club projects.
Clyde, the older son, already has made a
record for himself in the State 4-H dairy
shows and by winning the 1949 state
judging contest. Other animals were
purchased for junior work, including one
bought by Kenneth Donahue, Marianna
FFA member, from Frank DeBord, the
vice-president of the Florida Jersey Cattle
The top cow in the sale was consigned
by Walter Welkener and purchased by
H. J. Schollian, a successful Jackson
County dairyman, at $55o. All of the
cattle stayed in West Florida except for
five that went to Wallace Stevens, a new
breeder of Fort Lauderdale, and a Very
Good Welkener cow taken by Sanitary
Dairy of Dothan, Ala. W. B. Anderson
and Oliver Burgess bought a nicely bred
Nolan heifer for $365. A. V. Brown of
River Junction added to his small herd of
good Jerseys by the purchase of Biltmore
Draconis Bride, consigned by J. K. Stuart,
for $455. Mr. Stuart, president of the
Florida Jersey Cattle Club consigned four
nice cows to the Sale, indicating his will-
ingness to lead the way in making cows
available to new areas.
A state club directors meeting was at
the Chipola Hotel the night before the
sale at which plans were made for a Jer-
sey Field Day in the form of a Breeders
Judging School, tentatively set to be held
at the farm of W. J. Nolan, Jacksonville,
the latter part of May or the first of June.
Plans for the Florida Jersey Handbook
were also discussed and the committee
composed of Wallace Stevens, chairman,
Dr. R. B. Becker, Mrs. Walter Welkener
and Mr. C. W. Reaves, met and drafted
a tentative outline for the handbook with
the plan-s of printing it prior to the an-
nual meeting and state sale in November.
Purchasers at the sale, with names of
cattle purchased, and prices paid, are as
H. J. Schollian, Marianna, Standard
Ivy Favorite 1649290, cow, $550; bull calf,
Tattoo X2o, $230;
A. V. Brown, River Junction-Bilt-
more.Draconis Bride 16r68oo, cow, $455;
M. T. Crutchfield, Altha, Florida,
AN EIGHT-YEAR-OLD Jersey cow owned by a
young Oregon dairyman has accomplish
ed about as much as any bovine matron
could hope to accomplish in a lifetime.
A little more than one month ago, this
great cow, Opal Crystal Lady, owned by
Ralph E. Cope, Jr., completed a 365-day
production record which gave her four
national production championships.
During this lactation she produced 23,-
725 pounds milk and 1,237 pounds butter-
fat, entirely on twice daily milking.
Throughout the period during which the
record was made, she was kept with the
rest of the herd, milked with a machine in
a wooden frame stanchion. This remark-
able record establishes "Lady" as both
the national milk champion and the na-
tional butterfat champion over all breeds
and she is the only cow of any breed with
three successive locations exceeding 1,ooo
pounds butterfat on twice daily milking.
That she was remarkably consistent
Roseboy Standard Princess 1597665, cow,
Charles Crutchfield, Altha, Bodicia Sy-
bil Violet 1803746, heifer calf, $275; Stan
Daisy 1729417, heifer, $355;
Clyde Crutchfield, Altha, Stan Onyx
Lilly 1795595, Heifer calf, $335, Observer
Princess Mamie 1744454, 2-year-old Hei-
Sanitary Dairy, Dothan, Ala., Treva
Favorite Lady 1534816, cow, $450;
Wallace Stevens, Fort Lauderdale, Bilt-
more Poetess Jewel 1616830, cow, $330;
Ivy Standard Lass 1788680, Heifer, $200;
Heifer Tattoo Soj3, $200; Heifer, Tattoo
So3o, $150; Heifer, Tattoo So33, $215;
W. B. Anderson and Oliver Burgess,
Marianna, Magnolia Stylish Opal 1760-
314, Heifer, $365;
Doris S. Callaway, Blountstown, Fernie
Beauty Design Bixler 1437728, cow, $320;
E. Ruth Campbell, Blountstown., Louis
Financial Goldie 1743673, 2-year-old Hei-
fer, $375; Louisoxford Eminent Maggie
1664466, cow, $250;
Hubert A. Tidwell, Greenwood, Dandy
Actor Progress 1281766, cow, $245;
Kenneth Donahue, Marianna, Chipola
June, Heifer, $215;
S. H. Solomon, Quincy, Observing Echo
Della 1743677, 2-year-old Heifer, $205;
A. J. McMullian, Jr., Marian-na, bull
calf, Tattoo D48, $135.
upal Crystal Laay
throughout the lactation is obvious in that
"Lady" averaged 65 lbs. milk and 3.39
lbs. fat per day with her high day oc-
curring November 27 when she produced
75.3 lbs. milk.
The new champion topped the pre-
vious milk record by 48 lbs., held for 22
years by Abigail of Hillside, owned by
J. T. Carpenter & Sons, Massachusetts,
that produced 23,677 lbs. milk in 1928.
18 FLORIDA DAIRY
Oregon Cow Sets New Dairy
Production Record, 23,725 Lb.
"Lady's" butterfat record of 1,237 lbs.
is just 14 lbs. more than that made last
year by Orrland Signal Vol. Sable, owned
by Victory Jersey Farm, Texas, former
Much more could be said about the ac-
complishments of this great cow. How-
ever, a very important part of this story
dates back several years when Ralph
Cope (now 25) started in 4-H club work
with one heifer. Ralph was but eight
years old then but eventually he influenc-
ed his father into raising registered Jer-
seys, and it wasn't long until dairymen
throughout that section regarded young
Ralph as one of the nation's outstanding
breeders. Always a good manager and a
careful feeder, Ralph put continued em-
phasis on production. When 18, he re-
ceived the National 4-H Dairy Production
award at the National 4-H Club Congress.
Opal Crystal Lady is truly a great dairy
cow. She has been milked and cared for
by an outstanding dairyman.
-(American Jersey Cattle Club)
State Champion Jersey
Is Owned by Jax Dairyman
A FOUR-YEAR-OLD registered Jersey from
Duval County has won the 365-day
state milk championship and the. butter-
fat state class championship, according
to the American Jersey Cattle Club.
The cow is Sybil Pompey Ruby, own-
ed by Walter Welkener of Holly Hill
Sybil Pompey Ruby produced 16,996
pounds of milk and 791 pounds of
butterfat in 365 days on twice daily
milking. The new champion's produc-
tion is more than 3% times that of the
average dairy cow in the U. S.
The champion also earned the club's
gold and silver medal awards. All tests
of the animal's production were checked
by the University of Florida and the
Bartow Cow Earns Silver
Medal for Milk Production
A REGISTERED Jersey cow, Festive Design
Bonbon, owned by J. K. Stuart of Bartow,
Fla., has earned the Silver Medal award
of The American Jersey Cattle Club. She
recently completed a production record
of 10,647 pounds of milk and 481 pounds
butterfat in 305 days at the age of two
years and nine months.
The butterfat production achieved by
this cow is more than two times as much
as is produced by the "average" dairy
cow in the U. S. All tests of the official
production record were made under the
supervision of the University of Florida
and were verified by The American
Jersey Cattle Club.
JUNE, 1951 19
t PAT. NO. 2452486 & OTHERS PENDING,
74 SPRINKMAN MODEL E
e S. PLATE FILTER
In the Sprinkman, product flow Is upward .. eliminating any chance
of unfiltered milk contacting filtered product. Only suspended impurities
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plate. All Sprinkman Filters feature "controlled suspension." Media is
suspended in milk stream between two horizontal stainless plates to
afford positive filtration, extra large capacity and long media life.
SEE YOUR JOBBER.
It's in the
Dried Citrus Pulp
Sweetened Citrus Pulp
Dried Citrus Meal
Plain Citrus Molasses
High Protein Equivalent Citrus Molasses (Hyproteq)
SOLD THROUGH FEED DEALERS EVERYWHERE
Contact By-Products Division-87-061 Auburndale
DAIRY NEWS DIGEST
Members of the Dairy Industry throughout the State are invited to please send to
the "Florida Dairy News" all news about dairies, dairying and the good people who
devote their time, talents and money to this great industry.-The Editor.
Reinhold Elected Vice President
National Dairy Council
THE FLORIDA Dairy Industry received ad-
ditional national recognition recently
when the National Dairy Council elected
one of this state's leading Dairy Execu-
tives, Mr. Paul E.
of Foremost Dairies.
Inc., as the Council's
Second Vice Presi-
Dairy Council is the
tion of the Dairy In
REINHOLD dustry and, as such,
is considered the world's largest Dairy
The activities of the National Dairy
Council are confined to research and edu-
cation concerning milk and milk pro-
Florida has active local affiliated units
of the Council in Jacksonville and Tam-
pa. Miami is expected to complete plans
for a Dairy Council Unit in the near fu-
The Florida Dairy Industry Association
is affiliated with the Council and spon-
sors the observance of the "June Dairy
Month" program for the State of Florida
which is sponsored nationally by the Na-
tional Dairy Council.
Mr. Milton Hult of Chicago is Presi-
dent and Mr. B. F. Beach, Dairy Execu-
tive of Adrian, Michigan is First Vice
President of the Council.
National Dairy Council Announces
Plans for Summer Conference
THREE TOPNOTCH scientists in the field
of nutrition are among the noted speak-
ers who will appear on the National
Dairy Council Summer Conference pro-
gram at the Edgewater Beach Hotel,
Chicago, on June 25, 26, and 27, it was
announced today by Milton Hult, Presi-
dent of NDC and General Chairman of
the three-day meeting.
They are: Dr. Ancel Keys, Director,
Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene,
University of Minnesota; Dr. Miriam E.
Lowenberg, Nutritional Supervisor of
the Child Health Project, Mayo Clinic at
Rochester, Minnesota; and Dr. J. M. Mc-
(Reprinted by request)
"Fifteen thousand Ibs. of milk last year,
600 lbs. of butterfat, a blue ribbon at the
state fair, didn't take a day off and what
do I get? A bale of hay!"
-From "Hoard's Daryman"
Intire, Chief of the Dairy Products Di-
vision, Quartermaster Food and Con-
tainer Institute, Chicago.
These nationally-known authorities in
research and nutrition will discuss prob-
lems related to cholesterol, community
nutrition, feeding the Armed Forces, in-
dustrial health, and how to help the com-
munity to understand better the dairy
industry and its products.
'Think Twice Before Going
"THE CHANGED international situation is
already being felt in rural areas through-
out the country," according to an article
written by Roger Babson in the Lakeland
"I have always maintained," continues
Mr. Babson, "that land, and that includes
good farm land, is an acceptable hedge
against inflation or other types of crises.
It may not be the very best hedge, but
in the long run it should turn out to be
a pretty good thing when cash is worth
little and when other values dip accord..
"However, I do not generally recom-
mend that my readers go out and buy a
farm with the idea of growing produce
or feeding cattle or hogs to sell com-
"Those readers now considering going
into dairying should think twice and then
stop and think again, even if they have
had previous experience in this very un-
certain field. Profit margins in dairying
vary considerably in )different sections
of the country and many an otherwise
able man has lost his shirt by plunging
enthusiastically into a dairy program
without giving sufficient thought to the
possible consequences. The principal
problem in dairying, and it is essentially
the same in Florida, New England, the
Midwest or in the Rockies, is the cost of
feeds. These feed costs usually repre-
sent more than half of the total cost of
the production and largely determine the
"If you think you can control feed
costs, through a well-blanced feed pro-
gram, which includes careful management
of your feed inventory, you can probably
make money in dairying. But if you
'have grave doubts as to your ability to
keep feed costs within bounds, steer
clear of such an operation. Yet, I think
farming generally will be profitable in
Good Clover Hikes
GOOD PASTURE is made-not born, says the
-'Washington County News." "A 25 per-
cent increase in milk production-that's
what happened when dairy cows were
turned loose an hour a day on a field of
fresh-blossomed clover. The wise dairy-
man who owned the herd found his milk
check bigger and his cost of production
went down, too. While the cows were on
the clover he was able to cut down
the herd's concentrate feed rations
by 200 pound daily. But there are
some other facts you've got to consider
for efficient, sound milk production."
That's the story on many Florida farms
at this time of year, says the Washington
County News, as they quote C. W. Reaves,
dairy specialist with the University of
Florida Agricultural Extension Serivce.
Mr. Reaves also brings the following
warning: "Fine as they are, grasses and
clovers won't do the job alone... It's a
good idea to round up a little dry feed to
go with the grass. Straw and low-quality
hay will keep Bossy's ribs from showing
while her pasture diet helps her to pro-
duce that extra milk. A moist diet
stimulates a cow to produce more milk,
all right, but without nutrients an animal
in heavy production would soon begin
Reaves brings up a final word of
warning. "Don't turn your herds on a
fresh-fertilized pasture. Wait for a
shower or some heavy dews to wash the
fertilizer down in the soil."
Good Pastures Possible on All
Types of Hillsboro Land
HARRY L. MAGNON, operator of Magnon
Dairy of Tampa, and celebrating his 68th
birthday by showing too-odd visitors
around his fine plant and serving them
20 e FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
cold milk and cookies-made a strong
impression upon the group as he led it
through a lush field of thick alfalfa, ac-
cording to the Tampa Morning Tribune.
The 35-car motorcade of dairymen and
ranchers visited the pasture of Hairy
Peruvian alfalfa at the Magnon Dairy,
more clover at the L. T. Langford and
Griffin Bros. Ranches, S. L. Pippin
Ranch, led by Asst. County Agents
Armor and Beem. "The finest pastures
I have ever seen," exclaimed scores of the
visitors on the tour.
"It shows what we can do on all sorts
of land," said Horace Miley, president of
Hillsborough County Cattlemen's As-
"The land which produced the alfalfai
is certainly nothing special from the
standpoint of quality. The secret," Mag-
non said, "lies in the proper preparation
of the land, fertilization, planting and
water supply." The ranch has an ex-
cellent pasture of White Dutch Clover,
now at its seasonal best. Some of the
clover planting is four years old. Harry
Magnon does not expect the alfalfa plant-
ing to last through the long Summer and
pop up anew next Winter. "But I think
it is worth while for hay, even if we have
to plant it every year," he said.
Dr. G. B. Killinger and Dr. Earl
Horner, state experiment station agron-
omists; Russell Henderson, extension
agronomist, and D. W. Jones, experiment
station soil technologist, viewed the Mag-
non alfalfa with particular interest. Dr.
Hornor ventured the opinion that con-
tinuing research may show some alfalfa
strains "will be even more adaptable to
South Florida" than is Hairy Peruvian.
Speaking of the White Dutch clover
on his ranch Mr. Langford said, "It took
me four years, by trial and error, to get
this clover. The secret seems to lie in
getting just the right combination-good
land, proper innoculation of the seed, the
right liming and fertilization, enough
moisture." Langford said that both he
and Armor are eager to advise any land-
owner contemplating the planting of
clovers. The Langford clover belt lies on
muckland along a lake, but the clover
has proven repeatedly that it can stand
flood waters from the lake during the
Griffin Bros, Ranch has clover on
typical vegetable land of the Plant City
area. The overhead irrigation equip-
ment once used for the vegetables is still
in place and available when the clover is
The Pippin farm. like many others,
has witnessed the conversion of some
vegetable land to pasture. On 24 acres
of Pangola grass 52 heifers grazed through
the cold Winter and the grass is sending
out its new Spring growth.
JUNE, 1951 21
$ il6 W*oLDS CHAMPob% "WI Efc HAN"
FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
L devoted to the Manufacture of Quality Feeds
L Sold at Reasonable Prices
LAKELAND CASH FEED COMPANY
Manufacturers of Bingo Feeds and Mineral LAKELAND, FLA.
Ten Years of Dried Citrus Pulp
Have Revolutionized Dairying
THE PRODUCTION of dried citrus pulp fo.
cattle feed was begun in Florida slightly
more than. a decade ago but has grown
to be a very important part of the citrus
industry in Florida and today is recogniz-
ed as such," states James H. Key, manager
of Citrus Processor's Association. Its
growth can be contributed to not only its
importance to the citrus industry, but
also its importance to the cattle indus-
try, for it has been a major contributing
factor to the growth of this rapidly ex-
panding enterprise here in. the state, Key
"The citrus pulp industry now pro-
duces in excess of 150,000 tons of pulp an-
nually and represents a capital invest-
ment of approximately $20,000,000.o00 in
twenty-one pulp mills now operating at
various points in the citrus producing
areas. This industry gives employment
to approximately six hundred men and
the gross sales of citrus pulp is in excess
of S5,ooo,ooo.oo annually."
The dairy cattlemen in Florida have
long recognized the value of citrus pulp
in their feeding rations, according to the
Association executive. This concen-
trated carbohydrate feed consistently
gives them more TDN per dollar than
any other comparable carbohydrate feed.
"Due to the increased production of
citrus in Florida and with a higher per-
centage of each year's crop being pro-
cessed into single strength and concen-
trated juices, the citrus pulp industry,
realizing the demand was there for the
feed stuff which they produced and at the
same time realizing that they would have
more abundance of raw materials from
the canning plants, have expanded their
facilities to meet this growing demand,"
Key states. "Two sizable new plants have
gone into operation this season."
Even with increased production facili-
ties, the production of citrus pulp this
season has not been able to keep up with
the demand, for out of state feeders as
well as the cattlemen in Florida have
now become aware of the value of this
carbohydrate feed. Until three years ago
practically all of the state's production
was consumed here in Florida. Our
neighboring southeastern states of Geor-
gia, Alabama and the Carolinas have
been using citrus pulp for a number of
years, but three years ago the New York
milk shed and the New England states
began to recognize the value and econ-
omy of this feed and it is estimated that
25 percent of the '48-'49 season's pro-
duction moved out of the state. Last
season the out of state shipments jump-
ed to 40 percent and it is estimated that
over 50 percent of this season's produc-
tion has moved out of Florida, with ap-
proximately 75 percent of the out of state
movement being consumed north of the
Ohio River. Limited quantities of citrus
pulp are now being exported, Puerto
Rico and the Bahama Islands taking in-
creased quantities annually.
"It is interesting to note that shipments
of citrus pulp this season have consis-
tently run well ahead of shipments during
carh comparable period last season and
in aggregate there has been 162 percent
as much citrus pulp sold from October
1 through May 15 as was sold during
those dates last season," Key says. "This
leaves inventories short in view of the
amount that will be required for summer
and fall feeding prior to the time new
production begins, for production during
the next thirty days, after which this
season will practically be over, cannot
possibly bring inventories back to normal
Syow think yw qoj *WuS 0a
in, view of the continuing demand for
"The demand is continuing to grow
even during the past six weeks when nor-
mally with pastures coming back in, ship-
ments would begin to fall off. Shipments
during the past forty five days have been
even heavier than the average from Octo-
ber I through March 31 of this season.."
This establishes the fact that feeders
are, more and more, recognizing the ad-
vantages of supplemental feeding the
year 'round and in this supplemental feed-
ing program they are recognizing the
value and economy of feeding dried citrus
What Price Freeze Really Means
HOUSEWIVES, BUSINESSMEN, wage earners,
salaried people, farmers-almost a 11
groups-are to feel the effects of a freeze
Prices under control will be paralleled
by wages under control and salaries under
control. To control prices, rationing
may become necessary for some things.
Controls on prices and wages tend to be-
come profit controls. They force controls
of a firmer kind over the way materials
are divided up and over what products
can be made.
People are accepting the fact of a
planned economy, with the return of
control by Government over the pricing
system. The judgment of officials is sub-
stituted for the working of the market
place. Someone in Washington fixes the
rules that determine who stays in business
and who doesn't, who can have materials
and Who cannot, what shall be made and
what shall not be made. Power shifted to
the Government tends to stay there.
Controls over prices and wages and
salaries at this point are to have different
meaning to different groups.
Housewives, grumbling about the rising
cost of food and clothing and other neces-
sities, are to find that controls will bring
at least a temporary slowing in the up-
trend in living costs. Household allow-
ances that tended to shrink week by
week in terms of what they would buy
will shrink less rapidly and may hold
their value for a time. Meat prices will
tend to level out. Milk prices won't be
marked up without warning. Clothing
prices may hold at current levels, but
quality is likely to decline gradually.
Shoes for the family probably will not
rise much in price, but it will be harder
to buy lower-priced types. Rents will
remain under control.
Family incomes will tend to stay rela-
Taxes, however, are to rise and will
take away more income. Living stan-
dards, as a result, will level off or decline
moderately as incomes tend to become
more stable and taxes go up.
Farmers, as a group, have improved
their position since the war because of
price increases that have occurred. But
even among farmers there are wide varia-
tions in "real" income-dollar income ad-
justed for price changes.
Wheat growers, compared with a year
ago, are realizing 72.7 per cent more
"real" income. A large crop at high
prices enable the wheat grower to ab-
sorb higher costs and increase his return.
Cattle ranches are profiting, too, with in-
come advances of 53.9 per cent. The corn-
belt farmer managed to push his "real"
income up by 3.5 per cent with a large
corn crop and record hog production.
Cotton farmers are worse off than a
year ago. That is due primarily to a
short 1950 crop. Indications are that
22 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
they will improve their positions in 1951.
Dairy farmers, also, are less well off, with
"real" income down 5 per cent. Labor
is an important factor in dairying, and
prices of whole milk failed to match in-
creases in costs. With price controls, milk
production might suffer.
-From "U. S. News & World Report",
Washington, D. C.
1951 National Jersey Show
To Dairy Cattle Congress
THE 1951 NATIONAL Jersey Show will be
held at the National Dairy Cattle Con-
gress, Waterloo, Iowa, Sep. 29 to Oct.
6 according to an official announcement
issued by Floyd Johnston, Executive Sec-
retary of The American Jersey Cattle
Club with headquarters in Columbus,
The Dairy Cattle Congress has been a
nation-wide exposition for the dairy in-
dustry for 38 years. Eighty percent of
the quarter million people attending the
show live on farms.
Top Jerseys from all parts of the na-
tion will compete for highly valued tro-
phies in addition to the premiums offer-
ed by the National Dairy Cattle Congress
and supplemented by The American Jer-
sey Cattle Club.
Nielsen Named on
OPS Advisory Committee
ALF R. NIELSEN, President Alfar Creamery
Co., West Palm Beach, has been appoint-
ed a member of a twenty-two member
National Dairy Industry Advisory Com-
mittee on Price Stabilization by the Dir-
ector of the Office of Price Stabilization
and the U. S. Department of Agriculture.
The Committee is one of several ad-
visory groups established to advise the
Secretary of Agriculture and the Office
of Price Stabilization on problems related
to agricultural products and the national
MR. RICHARD Bonner of Atlanta has been
designated as Florida Representative for
the Dixie Cup Company in the food and
MR. WILLIAM Tatgenhorst of Borden's
Dairy, Tampa, has been elected to sit
on the Senior board of governors of the
Greater Tampa Chamber of Commerce.
Broward Field Day Stresses
PERMANENT PASTURES, artificial insemina-
tion and care of calves were the main
topics discussed by dairymen, feed special-
ists and county agricultural agents at the
Davie (B'roward County) Field Day held
Robert Pryor, Assistant Broward
County Agricultural Agent, told the more
than 50 dairymen from Broward, Dade
and Palm Beach Counties that, "Only
by developing good pasture can dairymen
reduce the present cost of producing
At the present time most of the area's
milk is produced by feeding cows on
highly rich, concentrated feed, But a
cow's constitution is not fitted for this
kind of feeding. Without the benefit of
pasture or other roughage, her system is
"burned up" in a year or two. She is
then sold as beef.
A young milk cow that costs a dairy-
man an average of $225 brings an average
of only about $155 when sold for slaugh-
ter as beef.
The same cow, when kept on good
pasture, will bring in calves and pro
duce milk for seven or eight years. Good
pasture also produces better calves and
insures better breeding. So said dairy-
men at Davie.
And cows raised from calves in this
area make better milk animals than cows
brought here from other states.
Pinellas County Farm Agent Asks
Dairymen to 'Produce More'
JOHN H. LOGAN, Pinellas County Agricul-
tural Agent, has written a letter to the
farm owners which says, in part: "During
the present national emergency, it is ad-
visable for us to produce as much meat
and milk as possible on our farms. All
feeds are scarce and high in price. The
cheapest and most practical feed for us
is in improved permanent pastures."
Dr. Fouts' Statement
(Continued from page 14)
Lbs. per Gal. Lbs. per io Gal.
3% 8.6o 86.oo
4% 8.59 85.90
5% 8.58 85"50
6% 8.57 85.70
"You can readily see that the difference
in the weight per to gallons of 3% and
6% milk is only .3 lb. (less than 1/3 lb.),
which would not be perceptable on the
average pair of scales on which milk is
weighed. This is why the figure 8.6 lbs.
is usually given as the weight of one
gallon of whole milk, regardless of the
Insure a Long Range
For Your Livestock
GREAT SOUTHERN MINERALS act
quickly, surely, and safely, either in
drenches or as a supplement to herd diets
on local ranges where grass feed lacks
vital food content. Stop malnutrition,
the cattleman's greatest profit thief on
the rangel Easily assimilated, GREAT
SOUTHERN MINERALS will bring
your livestock up to a profitable par in
health, as they have done for hundreds
of other owners. Join this great band of
satisfied users today
See Your Feed Dealer Today
GREAT SOUTHERN MINERALS, Inc.
St. Petersburg, Florida
Coming Events of Interest
to Florida Dairy Industry
June 7-Dairy Council of Jacksonville Annual
Meeting at Goldhead Branch State Park.
June 13, 14, 15-Convention and Annual
Meeting Florida Dairy Industry Association
Soreno Hotel, St. Petersburg.
June 21-Fla. Assn. Future Farmers of Ameri-
ca 23rd Annual State Convention Daytona
Beach, Peabody Auditorium
July 12 and 13-16th Annual Dairy Field Day,
Gainesville (sponsored jointly by F.D.I.A.
and University of Fla.)
August 21-25-National Assn. of Sanitarians
Miami Beach, Florida.
September--Plant Supt. Short Course in Dairy
Manufacture, Univ. of Fla., Gainesville.
October-Dairy Herdsmen's Short Course,
October 28-30-Fla. Veterinary Medical Assn.
Annual Meeting, Tampa.
November 9-Annual Guernsey Sale, Largo,
November-International Assn. of Milk Con-
trol Agencies Miami, Fla., L. K. Nicholas,
November 25-29-Southern Assn. of Ice Cream
Mfrs.-'Vinoy Park and Soreno Hotels, St.
Systems and Supplies
F O R J U N E, 1 95 1 23
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n
ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
Special Advertising Section
ADAMS PACKING ASSN., INC.
Citrus Pulp, Citrus Meal, Citrus Molasses
J. L. Coates, Sales Mgr. By-Prodlucts Div.
Auburndale, Fla. Phone 8-7016
CHAS. DENNERY, INC.
New Orleans, La.
Ice Cream Coating, Fruits and Flavors
ED SALVATORE, BOX 141, MIAMI
EX-CELLO CORPN. PURE-PAK
Paper Bottle Machines Electro-Pure
Pasteurizers J. W. Radke
1680 Peachtree N. W. Atlanta, Ga.
GENERAL MILLS, INC.
Dairy Equipment and Supplies
John W. Manning, Phone 9-4586
1601 Congress Bldg. Miami
GULF PAPER COMPANY, INC.
Ice Cream (Linerless) Cartons, Butter Cartons
J. H. McVoy
50 E. Magnolia St., Pensacola, Fla.
DOUGLAS J. HEADFORD
Green Spot Orangeade Concentrate
616 Jessamine Ave. Phone 4356
Daytona Beach, Fla.
JIFFY MANUFACTURING CO.
Insulated Bags and Liners
Southern Representative-William Romaine
Box 5463, 5 Pts. Sta., Columbia, S. C.
ROBERT A. JOHNSTON CO.
Dairy Chocolate & Cocoa Products
J. L. Hammons Ph. Dearborn 2811
507 Nelson Ferry Rd., Decatur, Ga.
KIECKHEFER CONTAINER CO.,
CAMDEN, N. J.
Pure-Pak Paper Milk Cartons
R. J. Evans Phone 8-5296
3343 Post St., Jacksonville, Fla.
KLENZADE PRODUCTS, INC.
Chemicals for Dairy and Food Plant
Sanitation H. B. Ahlefeldt
Union Term'l Whse., Jacksonville, Fla.
MEYER-BLANKE CO.-Dairy Supplies
"Everything But the Cow"
Jim Campbell Ph. 6-1366
2701 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala.
PAUL-LEWIS LABORATORIES, INC.
Lactivase For Preventation of oxidized flavors
in bottled milk Redland Brands
26 N.E. 27th St., Miami, Fla.
Paging Ed Salvatore;
There's a Job to be Done
You DON'T have to page Ed Salvatore when
there is a meeting of the Florida Dairy
Industry Association. Ed is always there,
and if there's a job needs doing to make
it a better meeting,
you will find him in
The FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS has been wait-
ing for just such an
opportunity as this
and when this pic-
ture of Ed came to
our attention, it was
all we needed.
EdSalvatore Ed Salvatore,
Southeastern representative of Charles
Dennery Company, of New Orleans, has
been in the Florida territory for the past
Ed's enthusiasm, ready smile and will-
ing disposition won him the admiration
of both the Dairy and Allied Trades mem-
bers of the Florida Dairy Industry As-
sociation-and the presidency of the "Alli-
The long to be remembered annual
dinner entertainment and floor-show at
the Steak House, Miami Beach, was put
on when Ed was president of the "Alli-
Although now a past president, Ed's
enthusiasm goes on and as in the past, we
predict that when the Florida Dairy In-
dustry meets, Ed Salvatore will be right
Newton Purchases Parrish Property
DR. C. K. NEWTON, D.V.M. of Bradenton,
recently announced plans to establish
a dairy farm on 400 acres of land in the
Parrish section, near Bradneton.
Dr. Newton said he is specializing in
registered Ayrshire cattle which are
somewhat rare in this state. He also plans
to move beef cattle to the property and
will engage in general farming.
Miamian is Named
HENRY MCCLANAHAN, of Miami, is the
popular president of the "Alligator Club"
of the Florida Dairy Industry Association
Allied Trades mem-
Henry is General
Chairman of the
Allied Trades mem-
bers' activities at the
1951 Annual Con-
vention, June 13-15,
in St. Petersburg.
He will supervise
McCLANAHAN the registration of
all Allied Trades members and preside
at the Annual Business Meeting of the
"Alligator Club" to be held the morning
of June 14. Henry is Florida District
representative of the Wyandotte Chemi-
cal Corporation of Detroit.
Mojonnier Names Bickenbach
MR. LEE P. BICKENBACH has been. announc-
ed as Florida Representative of Mojon-
nier Bros. Co., replacing Stanley Moskal.
Mr. Bickenbach moves to Florida from
California and will reside and make his
headquarters in Winter Haven, Fla.
S. H. MAHONEY EXTRACT CO.
SALLY H. MAHONEY, Pres.
221 E. Culleton Rd. Chicago 16, Ill.
PURE CARBONIC CO.
Carbonic Gas &" "Dry Ice"
T. A. McMakin Ph. 7-8431
Strickland & McDuff Sts., Jax., Fla.
RALSTON PURINA COMPANY
Mills at Tampa and Miami
"A Dairy Program that increases capacity
and milking life of your Herd"
RIVERSIDE MANUFACTURING CO.
James M. Stewart Phone 3-3287
306 Lakeview Ave., Apt. 406, Orlando
Ice Cream Cabinets, Frozen Food Cabinets
W. G. Wright Phone 4201
333 Harbor Drive, Venice, Fla.
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Tampa Proof Seals i Machinery
1121 duPont Bldg., Miami, Fla.
STEIN HALL & CO., INC.
Ex-Cello Glue, Powered Egg Yolk,
Stabilizers, Coconut L. A. Gaston
3912 San Juan, Tampa, Ph. 62-0171
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Milk Bottle Closures
Bob Smith, 264 Peachtree St., Atlanta
Larry Hodge, duPont Bidg., Miami
TESCO CHEMICALS, INC.,
ATLANTA 5, GA.
Anhydrous Ammonia, Liquid Chlorine
Amica-Burnett Co., Jacksonville
C. S. Johnson, Tampa -
W. L. Filbert, Miami
THATCHER GLASS MFG. CO.
Glass Milk Containers
W. T. LOVE, Florida Representative
2726 Willow Dr., Charlotte, N. C.
24 9 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
St. Petersburg High Schoolers
Get Career Talks by
MR. CHARLES E. LANDRETH, Manager of
Southern Dairies, St. Petersburg, was
chosen to discuss Dairying and associa-
ted subjects when the St. Petersburg
High School held its second annual
"Career Day" program recently, on fu-
The purpose of the program which is
a part of the Guidance function of the
school is to acquaint students with a
realistic view of their chosen vocation.
FSU Dairy Toured
By School Children
THE MANAGER of the. Florida State Uni-
versity Dairy conducted the tour of a
first grade group of Tallahassee school
children and explained to the students
its operation and facilities.
The field trip was a part of a farm
unit study under the direction of the
teacher and Miss Edwina Johnson, a
FSU intern. The group ended their
field trip with a hay ride.
Borden's Dairy, Ft. Myers,
Entertains at Barbecue
MR. A. B. Applewhite, manager of Bor-
den's Dairy, Ft. Myers, entertained em-
ployees of the firm and their families
at a barbecue recently.
Barbecue chicken, potato salad, baked
beans, hot rolls, salted nuts, coffee, milk,
soft drinks and ice cream were served
to approximately 35 people according
to the Ft. Myers News-Press.
I. B. Register, Bostwick,
Buys Registered Ayrshires
I. B. REGISTER, Bostwick, Fla., has re-
cently made an initial purchase of three
registered Ayrshires, according to the
Ayrshire Breeders' Assn. Executive Sec-
retary, C. T. Conklin of Brandon, Vt.
Because of their ability to produce at a
low cost an abundance of milk with an
average butterfat test of 4 percent, the
Ayrshire breed of dairy cattle has become
increasingly popular with dairymen
throughout the country.
IN CITRUS PULP
BETTER THAN EVER
Four Plants to Serve You
KUDER CITRUS PULP
NATURE SWEET PULP
Manufactured by the Pioneers of the Industry engaged exclusively
in the making of Citrus Pulp for 15 Years. Sold through Feed Dealers
KUDER PULP SALES CO.
FOR JUNE, 195 1 e 25
50/, to 100%/o
MORE GRASS GROWS
On the muck soil in the Everglades.
Come and see
C. A. BAILEY REAL ESTATE
Specializing in Muck Pasture Land
P. 0. Box 216 Phone 2770 Belle Glade, Fla.
For Better Beef
GROW BETTER GRASS
Use time tested
Solid brass lags and
No. I--FOR NECK. Ad-
jitatblc. Tat6 num-
ber,1 both A;dei. $13.2J5
per doz n.
No. 17--FOR HORNS. 2
Adjdatable. $9.20 per
No. 38-DOUBLE PLATE NECK CHAIN.
Upper portion strap, lower portion chain.
$14.50 per dozen.
Write for catalog. Sample mailed for $1.00.
GOLDEN ARROW FARMS
Dept. 53 Box 7 Huntington, Indiana
Fertilize Your Pasture
(Any Analysis You Need)
Lime, Dolomite or
We can obtain these materials for
you in any quantity needed.
WE CONTRACT BY THE JOB
See us for free estimates and soil test.
W. E. Avant
607 N. Evelyn Ave. Phone 33444
THE VAST expansion and improvement
program, started more than two years
ago by Perfection Dairies Co-operative of
Orlando, has continued through the last
months with the addition of two new
members of the co-operative in Sanford,
it has been announced by Richard H.
Lawrence, general manager.
The co-operative members in Sanford
are the Green Valley Dairy, owned by Dr.
C. W. Baker, and the Spencer-Hardin
Dairy, owned by George Hardin.
Other members of Perfection all located
within 16 miles of the Perfection bottling
plant on S. Orange Blossom Trail, are
J. C. Trice, Cheney Highway; C. D. Hiatt,
Bithlo; B. W. Judge, Conway; J. P. Eld-
ridge, Goldenrod; and Fred St. Lawrence,
Curry Ford Road.
State Chamber of Commerce
Selects Dairy Committee
THE FLORIDA State Chamber of Com-
merce recently announced the appoint-
ment of the following Dairy Industry sub-
committee of its agricultural division: Alf
R. Nielsen, West Palm Beach, Chairman;
John Adkinson, Pensacola; Wilmer W.
Bassett, Jr., Monticello; Theo Datson,
Orlando; John G. DuPuis, Jr., Miami;
Vernon Graves, Limona (Tampa); George
R. Heine, Tampa; E. T. Lay, Jackson-
ville; Wellington Paul, Jacksonville; Fred
C. Wilson, Marianna.
Dairy Herd Has Queen
Cows, THE Ohio State University School
of Agriculture now reveals, are likely to
be neurotic or even on the psychotic side.
It seems that each herd has a queen cow,
a bossie who bosses the others around.
She may be contented, but the others
aren't. Social climbers all, they are
bitter and maladjusted. They brood,
they deliver less milk when they find
themselves unable to horn in on the head
This revelation seems to open a new
field for veterinarians specializing in
bovine psychiatry. The problem of find-
ing an appropriate counterpart of the
psychiatrist's couch must be left to them,
along with the question of how to sub-
limate the urge to become 'the arbiter
of bovine society.
Rotolater Invented in 1930
THE ROTOLATER was invented in 1930
and permitted 1680 cows to be milked
in seven hours by means of a revolving
platform which brought them into posi-
tion with the milking machines.
mentator uavia Lawrence
ONE OF the recent social happenings at
the Long Boat Cabana Club at Sarasota,
was the cleverly planned Saturday brunch
at which the David Lawrences entertain-
ed a group of friends before their de-
parture for Washington.
Since a dairy group is sponsoring Mr.
David Lawrence's interesting talks, it was
the bright idea of Chuck and Carolyn
Wegener to use for the party the dairy
theme in decorations and cuisine. Need-
less to say, milk punches were. among the
most popular beverages. The excellent
brunch included all farm and dairy pro-
ducts to satisfy the most fastidous gour-
met. Mr. and Mrs. Wegener and their
assistants were in attractive farm costume.
Elsie, the famous cow graced the scene
resplendent in calico dress.
MR. L. B. Hull, president of Sunshine
Dairy Products, Inc., Gainesville, an-
nounces an expansion program. The
plant is now in a period of renovation
and one of the major improvements
planned, Hull explained, is the installa-
tion of a paper "bottle" machine-the
only one in this area.
This machine folds, seals and waxes
paper "bottles," fills them with milk,
and staples the top-all untouched by
The Sunshine Dairy Products, Inc. was
acquired in 1947 when L. B. Hull, a
native of Orlando, and Henry Raattama
of Micanopy took over the Gainesville
sales outlet in 1949 as a dispotition point
for their milk. They now have some
800 Jersey and Guernseys on their 8oo00-
acre farm, which furnishes 95 percent
of the milk for the business. The other
five percent is bought from two small
Dairymen Share Honors
JOHN M. HOOD, owner-manager of
Hood's Dairy, was elected president of
the Civitan Club of St. Petersburg, with
Reuben Wells, Foremost Dairies, elected
as second vice-president of this group.
T. W. Lane, Jr.
THOMAS (Tommy) WARREN LANE, JR., 41,
formerly of Tampa and a resident of
Clearwater, died March 17, 195o. He was
prominent in the dairy business of the
Tampa area and is survived by two
brothers in the dairy business: Julian and
Benny Lane of Tampa.
Dairy Theme in Decorations Big Expansion Program
Used at Party Given by Com- Slated by Perfection Coop.
26 9 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
T'HE SECOND Of three 1951 regional nutri-
tion conferences held under the joint
auspices of the Florida Feed Dealers
Association and the University of Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station met in
Orlando, Florida, April 23, 1951. The
one day session was designed to answer
the practical problems of feeds and
feeding practice that store men and
salesmen meet in their daily contact
with farmers, cattlemen, swine pro-
ducers, poultrymen and dairymen.
Problems peculiar to central Florida
were emphasized along with general
feeding practices. Mr. Joe Rhyne of
Howard Feed Mills, Secretary of the
Florida Feed Dealers Assn. represented
the Feed Dealers on the program of
University scientists which had been
arranged by Dr. George K. Davis, Head
of the Nutrition Laboratory at Gaines-
ville. Dr. Davis discussed mineral nu-
trition problems peculiar to the muck
and sandy areas of central Florida. Dr.
C. F. Simpson, D.V.M., related the ef-
fects of nutrition upon disease problems
and was followed by Dr. Harold D.
Wallace, Assistant Professor of Animal
Nutrition, who presented results of re-
cent work with B12 and antibictics in
swine nutrition. Following an informal
luncheon, Dr. S. P. Marshall, Associate
Dairy Husbandman, presented recent
developments in the dairy industry and
their implications for Florida dairymen.
Presented in an informal way the meet-
ing was enlivened by numerous questions
and plenty of discussion. Special guests
of the Feed Dealers at the meeting were
Veterans' and Smith-Hughes teachers
from central Florida Counties.
Hood's Dairy, St. Petersburg,
Visited by Students
FIRST GRADERS Of a St. Petersburg school
took a field trip to Hood's Dairy in con-
nection with a health study unit.
The students not only saw how the
milk was pasteurized and bottled but
were delighted to see a baby calf fed.
JOHN M. HOOD, St. Petersburg, has been
awarded a diploma for attending the
recent Gundlach milk sales clinic.
APPROXIMATELY 15 foremen and key em-
ployees of Bassett's Dairies attended the
Florida Industrial Commission io-hour
safety course which opened March 26 at
the plant. The course was held Monday
through Friday with 2-hour class periods
each evening. Merville Meisner, safety
representative of the commission, taught
the class. Text for the course was
"Florida Foremen in Safety."
Cason Ives Wins
ToP HONORS in dairy cattle at the annual
Dade County Fair were won by Cason
Ives, operator of the Ives Dairy, Ojus.
A Holstein cow won the ribbon as the
Grand. Champion Female of the Dairy
Cattle Show and a Jersey bull, also en-
tered by Mr. Ives, took the laurels as
Grand Crampion Bull.
'It's a Record'
SOME SORT Of a dairy record was broken
recently when Mrs. Ray Johnson held
a meeting of the St. Petersburg Re-
ception and Arrangements Committee
to plan the Ladies Auxiliary Annual
Roll call disclosed the presence of
five "Mrs. Hoods", all of the Hood
family of the Hood Dairy. These were:
Mrs. E. M. Hood, Sr., Mrs. John Hood
(Louella), Mrs. Emmett Hood (Helen),
Mrs. Paul Hood (Mabel), and Mrs.
Lester Hood (Anne).
We look forward to seeing the Hoods
-all five of them-at the Annual Meet-
Did You Know .....
THAT A new milk product "A-D Low Fat
Milk" is being introduced in the Central
Florida area by a local Dairy?
In a statement announcing the new
product, the dairy company said that
the new milk answers the growing need
of those on a low-fat, protein diet as well
as those who cannot eat fat. The. new
milk furnishes less than ioo calories per
quart, yet contains all the proteins, min-
erals and vitamins found in non-fatten-
ing milk solids.
THAT LEON County was one of the first
in the nation to have its dairy herds ac-
credited? This was done about 1935
according to Ford Thompson, sanitarian.
Accreditation tests are given to herds
with less than one-half of one percent
positive on the tests, and are examined
for tuberculosis and bang's disease.
SEE THE NEW
It's self-propelled. you just guide
it Cuts tough weeds, lawns, even
saplings! Save hours of toil with a
Jari. See it now
1.. r '.. [l l llll.
FARM QUALITY PROGRAM
O Nu.Kleen removes and prevents
milestone and keeps milking ma-
chines and utensils sparkling clean.
e Kier-Mor rapidly emulsifies fats
and grease. Rinses free easily.
For alternate use with Nu-Kleo.
e NKen&ade X-4 Sodium Hypochlorlte
Solution for all sanitizing. Power-
ful germicide kills bacteria on
Complete program used daily by
thousands of dairy farmers in
U. S. and Canada.
Ask Your Dealer or Write Direct
KL AE PR D CSIC
FOR JUNE, 1951 e 27
as close as your
Hundreds of commercial beef
producers use MAXCY'S RANGE
MINERAL regularly as a com-
plete, balanced mineral supple-
ment for their herds.
Dairymen, too, can profit from
the experience of Latt Maxcy on
his own herds-experience em-
bodied in the scientific com-
pounding of MAXCY'S RANGE
MINERAL and MAXCY'S CATTLE
DRENCH. Write for our folder
or ask your Eshleman dealer
for information about these
products. The MINERAL is packed
in 50 pound bags, the DRENCH
in gallons or dose-size bottles.
E. R. JOHNSTON, Manager
Tampa's Oldest Feed &r Fencing Store
FEEDS, BARB WIRE, HOG FENCE, GALVANIZED
ROOFING, POULTRY FENCING. ETC.
P. 0. BOX 1468 TAMPA, FLA.
EAST BROADWAY AT 33RD STREET
37 Years at this Location
TAMPA AND ORLANDO, FLORIDA
Bulls valued at $iooo were won as attendance prizes at the 195o annual Dairy Field
Day. Pictured above, left to right, are: Guernsey bull purchased from Dinsmore Farms
at 7acksonville and won by James Price of Whitehurst Dairy, Gainesville; Je'sey
bull purchased from Alpine Jersey Farms at 7acksonville and won by Virgil Harris
of Harris' Dairy, Lakeland; Jersey bull from the University of Florida Dairy Unit
at Gainesville and won by W. L. Hammond of Hammond Dairy, Winter Garden.
1951 Field Day Committee has already selected two of the state's finest Guernsey and
Jersey bull calves to be awarded the lucky winners at the July I2-13 meeting.
EVERY THIRD YEAR each county in this state
re-establishes its modified accredited tu-
berculosis free status. Briefly, this means
that every dairy plus a representative
number of family milk cows and beef
herds in each county must be tuberculin
tested every third year and exhibit an in-
cidence of tuberculosis infection of less
than !% of 1%. The. maintainence of a
modified tuberculosis free accredited area
permits a freer movement of cattle, parti-
cularly beef type, to other States. Since
the inauguration of this work by our staff
of field veterinarians in April of 1949 we
have reaccredited some 34 counties, test-
ing a much larger percentage of cattle in
each county than has been tested in many
years. This has been due not only to
an increased number of personnel work-
ing in a county, but also to the excellent
cooperation of such organizations as the
Federal Bureau of Animal Industry, the
State Board of Health, the various county
health units and agricultural agencies.
Our records show that of the eighty-seven
and one half thousand cattle tested in
1949, the incidence of tuberculosis infec-
tion in Florida was .06 of 1%.
Cost analysis figures on the. first 24
counties reaccredited by our staff of field
veterinarians since the inauguration of
of the program in the early part of 1949
shows that of the 24,000 dairy cattle, family
milk cows and beef type cattle tested for
tuberculosis and the 66,000 family milk
cows tested for brucellosis, the average
cost to the tax payer per animal tested
was 830. From the number of infected
animals disclosed and necessarily remvoed
on these, tests, it is felt that this cost is
very nominal in safe guarding the health
of the Florida citizenry.
Holland Breeds Guernseys
E. F. HOLLAND, Westville Route i dairy-
man, stated recently that he has just
added four Guernsey cows and a regis-
tered Guernsey bull to his dairy herd.
He expects to sell pure bred calves from
Mr. Holland was among the first to
establish small farm dairies in Holmes
County and his success has been outstand-
Seen by General
GENERAL DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, presi-
dent of Columbia University, and newly
appointed Commander of European de-
fense, recently declared that the kind of
dictatorship to which this nation may suc-
cumb is not the kind that is brought about
by a sudden seizure of power with the aid
of the Army and Navy. Instead, it is the
kind "that can come about through a
creeping paralysis of thought and readi-
ness to accept paternalistic measures from
"If we allow this constant drift toward
centralized bureaucratic government to
continue," he said, it will finally be
expressed not only in the practice of lay-
ing down the rules and laws for govern-
ing each of us-our daily actions-to as-
sure that we do not take unfair advan-
tage of our comrades and other citizens,
but finally it will be in the actual field
"There will be a swarming of bureau-
crats over the land. Ownership of prop-
erty will gradually drift into that central
government and finally you will have a
dictatorship as the only means of opera-
ting such a hugh organization."
Ben Northrup Appointed
BEN J. NORTHRUP, Pinellas County
Health Department, was appointed a
member of the Governor's Safety Coun-
cil for a two-year period, representing
various public health units of the State.
Mr. Northrup was recommended by the
Florida Milk Sanitarians Association and
will serve on the Law and Enforcement
Committee of the Safety Council.
28 FLORIDA. DAIRY NEWS
2 RIVERSIDE DRI\E 77 W.
J %CkSON\ ILLE. FLORID ORRI..
30 Years of F
Ice Cream Mach
601 East Church St., Jacks
1111*l^lll IJ i TI i9
FON T'r. 7275 N. W. 7TH AVENUE 711 W. CASS STREET
IR ID\ MIAMI, FLORIDA TAMPA, FLORIDA
,LIES & EQUIPMENT
MEET YOUR PARTICULAR NEEDS
)EN" Barn Equipment
127 N.E. 27th St., Miami
Yes, you too can increase
ing Florida citrus pulp.
Florida citrus pulp is a
feed containing factors which
Market reports consistently sli
is outstanding in its high TD,
cost. This means one thin
more profit in the milk pail!
The fiber content of Floi
low and the feed imparts no u
This feed contains the import;
nesium, phosphorus, iron, col
so essential to milk productic
milk production and at the same tin
concentrated carbohydrate i
stimulate mi!k production.
ow that Florida citrus pulp
4 content at extremely low
-lower feeding costs and
da citrus pulp is extremely
natural flavor to the milk.
nt minerals-calcium, mag-
per, zinc, and manganese--
i and animal growth!
L KN.. 'I'
- I i-d^HdZrlj
e increase your profits by feed-
I! eDlr A