Title: Florida dairy news
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00082035/00003
 Material Information
Title: Florida dairy news
Series Title: Florida dairy news.
Physical Description: 12 v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Dairy Industry Association
Publisher: Cody Publications for Florida Dairy Industry Association.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Fla
Publication Date: April 1951
Frequency: bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Dairying -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Cattle   ( lcsh )
Milk   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1-12, no. 1; Nov. 1950-Spring, 1962.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00082035
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01386090
issn - 0426-5696

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2 e FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS












EDITORIALS


VOL. 1


APRIL, 1951


What About "The Florida Milk Commission"?
State Representative Pittman of Tampa Asks That It Be Repealed
President Graves Writes Members of the Florida Legislature
The Florida Dairy Industry and many others familiar with the Milk Commission's
real accomplishments, say it has been a "God-send" to the Milk Consumers of Florida.

March o1, 1951
Honorable Members of the House and Senate,
Florida State Legislature.
It has come to our attention that Representative Pitman of Tampa
has written members of the Legislature, condemning and asking your sup-
port for the repeal of, the Florida Milk Commission.
If such a Bill is introduced, it will undoubtedly re-
ceive full and complete consideration and public hear-
ings by an appropriate committee of the legislature
and with this in view, we sincerely trust that you will
withhold your judgment concerning any proposal of
this kind until such hearings have been held and all
interested groups have had an opportunity to be heard.
In the meantime, we hope that you will make your
own inquiries concerning the Florida Milk Commis-
GRAVES sion among responsible representatives and agencies
who should be in a position to give you correct information. Among these
may we suggest your Dairyman, your County Farm Agent, your City.
County or State Health Officers, the 6tate Department of Agriculture,
the University of Florida Dairy Department and the Agricultural Experi-
ment Stations.
We believe you will find that the Florida Dairy Industry and the
various health and agricultural agencies of our Cities, Counties and
State who, in the public interest, are charged with the duties and re-
sponsibilities of the production, processing, supervision, inspection and
regulation of the State supply of Milk and Milk Products, to be prac-
tically unanimous in their belief in the fundamental need for, and in
their support of, the Florida Milk Commission.
It has proved essential in providing a safe and adequate supply of
milk at a price to the public in Florida that is below the differential that
has prevailed in years gone by in comparison to other states. We say
this because milk in Florida has always been higher than in most other
states because Florida land does not produce the grain and roughages
required for feeding dairy cattle.
If there is any information which we might furnish you or assist
you in obtaining, please advise me or any of the Florida Dairy Industry.
Yours very sincerely,
FLORIDA DAIRY INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION, INC.
Vernon L. Graves, President

June is Dairy Month
THE LOWLY COW eulogized as "the mother of mankind" and her milk
which has been termed "nature's most nearly perfect food", will very
appropriately be recognized through the nationwide observance of the
month of June as "DAIRY MONTH".


THE FLORIDA
DAIRY NEWS
E. T. LAY, Editor
AL CODY, Business Manager
CODY PUBLICATIONS, INC.
General Advertising Representatives

Official Publication of


VERNON L. GRAVES, President
E. T. LAY, Executive Director


SFlorida Dairy Industry Associa-
tion Editorial Advisory
Committee
THEO DATSON, First Vice President
VERNON GRAVES, President
WILMER BASSETT, Second Vice President
S DR. E. L. FOUTS, Chairman, Advisory
Membership
LARRY HODGE, Secretary, Allied Trades
Membership

Also Official Publication of
FLORIDA ASSOCIATION
OF MILK SANITARIANS

Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
tion Directors
Producers
JOHN T. ADKINSON, Pensacola
VERNON GRAVES, Tampa
C. RAY JOHNSON, St. Petersburg
HARRY B. MATTHEWS, Miami
FRANK B. DOUB, Jacksonville
Producer-Distributors
JOHN G. DUPUIS, JR., Miami
FREEMAN HALES, Miami
WILMER BASSETT, Monticello
J. N. McARTHUR, Miami
HERMAN BURNETT, Bradenton
Distributors
L. S. ROBINSON, Jacksonville
THEO DATSON, Orlando
GORDON NIELSEN, West Palm Beach
W. J. BARRITT, JR., Tampa
WELLINGTON PAUL, Jacksonville
Additional Directors
HENRY MCCLANAHAN, Miami
SAM H. SOLOMON, SR., Quincy
THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS is published bi-
monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10
Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida, for
Florida Dairy Industry Association, 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville, Florida. Sub-
scription price of $1.00 per year included in
dues for membership in the association.
Business office at 10 Verona Street, Kissim-
mee, Florida. Editorial office 220 Newnan
Street, Jacksonville. POSTMASTER: Please send
copies returned under label 3570 to 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville.


FOR APRIL, 1951 e 3


NO. 3


~IB

















HOW TO DOUBLE YOUR VEAL
PROFIT ON DAIRY HERDS
There's big money in beef-type veal
from dairy cows with purebred Brah-
man sires. Brahmans, the cattle with
the hump, are top beef producers.
Dairymen are now learning it's wise
to breed only high-producing dairy
cows to proven bulls for replacements
and to breed low producing cows to
Brahmans for fine vealers guaranteeing
top prices on the beef market. For
veal purposes Brahman-Jersey hybrids
are almost identical to purebred
Brahmans. Brahman Brown Swiss,
Brahman-Holstein and Brahman milk-
ing Shorthorn crosses lead prices at
auctions everywhere. Brahman veal
from your dairy herd not only brings
more pounds of veal in shorter time
but higher prices per pound. To learn
more about this new source of dairy
herd profit, write the world's largest
raisers of purebred Brahman cattle.
Ask for Packet "O".
NORRIS CATTLE CO.
R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Manager
BOX 1051 OCALA, FLORIDA


The Gettysburg Address

Abraham Lincoln, Nov. 19, 1863...A Nei
Nation Conceived in Liberty. .. The Trut,
Shall Make You Free!

ONE THING that doesn't suffer from age i
TRUTH, and Lincoln's message has a
much meaning today as it did 87 years age
This year it is just four score and sevel
years since the weary and ailing Presiden
made the "few appropriate remarks" askel
of him in dedicating the National Cemeter
at Gettysburg.
The dedication was to have been Octobe
23, but Edward Everett required the extr
weeks to polish the two-hour oration tha
preceded Lincoln's immortal "two minutes'
The President, invited as an after-thoughl
had but a fraction of a crowded two week
to get ready.
The people, they say, were disappointed
It is possible that Lincoln, today, might
be disappointed in the people. For the
words that have been, engraved in gold
and marble are less than indelible in
their hearts.
If ten cities recently surveyed rightly
represent the nation, more than 7 million
adults have never even heard of the
Gettysburg Address.
We still live in a "nation conceived in
Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition
that all men are created equal".
It is now more than questionable
whether "any nation, so conceived, and
so dedicated, can long endure".
Never before have governments "of the
people, by the. people, for the people"
perished so rapidly from the earth.
And never, many believe, has it been
so vital that "this nation, under God,
shall have a new birth of freedom".
It is not likely that our freedom,
bought at such a price of death and
suffering, can be lightly wrested from us.
But it may dribble away, drop by drop,
while we are busy rolling our own small
logs.
It is said that 256 organizations sup-
port lobbies in Washington today. But
a study of the list does not show any
lobby for the United States of America.
There ought to be one the greatest
pressure group in history with every
one of our 102,000,000 adult Americans
as members, each pledged to put the
country's good ahead of personal profit
or group gain, each refusing to have his
thinking done for him and delivered like
the morning mail.
For there can be no public opinion
without private thinking, and there can
be no national strength based on "What's
in it for me?"
If this country is to have a "new birth
of freedom", it will not commence with
Committees and Councils, nor will it de-
velop by resolution or proclamation.
It will start quietly across the land in


DAIRY NEWS


Te Price of liberty
rs Eternal allgilance

EOPLE do not have to
Pbe conquered b an
is army to lose their freedom.
It can slip away-painlessly
-through mistrust and hate
and surrender of their rights
Freedom can be traded for
n pretty-sounding giarantees
t of a better life-without
working for it. It can disap-
Spear before you know it
through greed, prejudice, or
y just plain laziness.
That must not happen to
America, as it has happened
r throughout the world,
throughout history. We must
fight for freedom in our
t daily lives... by taking the
time and trouble to vote
Swivel ... by protcting our
town rights and the rights of
Others . and by showing
our faith in America by
everything we thinly. say,
d do.

t
the hearts of men and women, and it will
grow into a national conviction that what
others have been willing to die for, may
be worth some effort to preserve.
It will begin with some very small
thing, as small perhaps as the 270 words
of the Gettysburg Address.
Suppose-to celebrate its 87th birthday
-all of us memorized it again. Most of
us knew it once.
It might help free us from lazy cyn-
icism, from spiritual shiftlessness, from
our dangerous habit of leaving every-
thing up to the non-existent "them".
It might even lead to the "new birth
of freedom" that Lincoln prayed for.
-American Heritage Foundation..
(If you would like a copy of the Gettys-
burg Address, write the "Florida Dairy

"Ten-Minute Men"

DEMOCRACY NEEDS "IO-MIINUTE MEN" .
says dairyman. H. C. Forman of Forman's
Sanitary Dairy, Ft. Lauderdale. The
nation was once defended by "minute
men," prepared to shoulder arms on a
minute's notice in defense of their coun-
try. Mr. Forman says democracy today
needs "10-minute men"-not to shoulder
arms but who will devote 10 minutes a
day to reading, thinking and doing some-
thing about democracy on the home
front.
The Junior Chamber of Commerce of
Ft. Lauderdale is taking the idea to
their national convention. Someone
should pin a blue ribbon on, H. C.
Forman!

Lakeland Dairy Sells
Bou SHERMAN and Donald Stebbins have
purchased Patrick's Dairy near Lakeland,
and will operate the property under the
name Cream Crest Dairy, it is reported.
The organization will both produce and
distribute milk. Dairy has been operated
by H. C. Patrick in past year.


4 FLORI DA








Feature of the Florida State Fair-
frorm a dairyman's standpoint-
was the model milking parlor








Florida State Fair

1951 Dairy Show is

Outstanding Success

The April cover illustration shows four grand champions
at the Florida State Fair Dairy Show. Guernseys (left),
were exhibited at Boutwell's Dairy of West Palm Beach,
and Jerseys (right) were exhibited by J. K. Stuart of Bartow
and W. J. Nolan of Jacksonville.


THE BEST SHOWING of dairy cattle Florida
has seen in many a year made dairy
week at the Florida State Fair January
30 to February 3 an outstanding suc-
cess.
Competition was keen in both Jersey
and Guernsey breeds, and Ayrshires and
Brown Swiss showed as well. Largest
single herd was brought to Tampa by
Walter Welkener of Jacksonville, Jersey
breeder who also won the premier dairy
breeder's trophy awarded by Florida
Grower magazine.
Boutwell Dairy of Lake Worth show-
ed McDonald Farms Steadfast Otho to
grand champion Guernsey bull, Klondike
Raider's Merry Boy to reserve champion
bull, and Laurel of Arrow Farm to grand


Reserve champion Jerseys at Tampa were
(top) the cow exhibited by Walter Welk-
ener of Jacksonville, and the bull, exhib-
ited by Guy Wachtstetter of Hollywood.


champion female. The reserve cham-
pion Guernsey female was Mo-La-7ac
Virginia's Hazel showed by Carroll Ward
and Son of Winter Park's Lakemont
Dairy.
In Jersey competition W. J. Nolan
won grand champion bull with Jester
Sparkling Sir, while Summer Fields of
Summerfield won reserve champion with
Standard Royal Challenger. Winner of
the female grand championship was
Biltmore Gem Noblesse, shown by J. K.
Stuart of Bartow, while the reserve cham-
pionship was won by Sybil Pompey Su-
san, shown by Welkener.
Norris Cattle Company of Ocala show-
ed all the Brown Swiss in the show.
Grand and reserve champion bulls were
Marletha's Precious Lad and King Ocala
la Fox, while grand and reserve cham-
pion females were Prairie Acres Minnie
and Prairie Acres Kate.
Past problems of sanitation and milk
disposal seemed to be solved at the
1951 Fair. A brand new milking parlor
built by Lenfestey Supply Company of
Tampa with help from DeLaval and
Loudon provided adequate facilities for
regular milking-and was an attraction
for fair visitors as well, with large plate
glass window fronting on the main walk-
way by which visitors reached the Lykes
Livestock Pavilion where the show was
held.
There were a total of 171 dairy ani-
mals shown in individual classes, in-
cluding entries by FFA members, with
Jerseys the largest division with 96 in-
dividual entries. There were 65 Guern-
seys, nine Brown Swiss and one Ayrshire.
In the FFA competition 29 Jerseys and
Guernseys showed, with Lloyd Harris of
Bartow sowing the Jersey bull Thomas
Royal Aim to champion FFA dairy bull,
and Arlen Wetherington of Sidney show-
ing Fair Field Sirena, a Guernsey, to


Reserve champion cow (top) and bull of
the Guernsey breed were exhibited by
Boutwell's dairy of West Palm Beach, Fla.,
and Carroll Ward's Lakemont Dairy of
Winter Park.
champion FFA dairy female.
Superintendent of the dairy show was
genial Jim Schee of the Pinellas County
Agricultural Department at Largo, while
Dr. H. H. Kildee, dean emeritus of the
agricultural division at Iowa State Col-
lege, Ames, Iowa, judged.
Winners, listed in order by classes, with
number of entries in parentheses, were
as follows:
Ayrshires
Senior yearling heifers (1)-Fudge's Teddy Ett,
Jacqueline Dupont, Plant City;
Brown Swiss
Bull calves (I)- King Ocala la Fox (reserve cham-
pion) Norris Cattle Company, Ocala;
Bulls two and over (1)-Marletha's Precious Lad
(grand champion, junior champion), Norris;


FOR APRIL, 1951 5





Best uddered cow (3)-Prairie Acres Minnie, Nor-
ris: Alexander's Ruth, Norris; Prairie Acres Kate,
Norris;
Best herd-Norris;
Heifers two to three (I)-Alexander's Ruth (jun-
ior champion), Norris;
Cows three to four (3)-Prairie Acres Minnie
(grand champion), Norris; Prairie Acres Kate (re-
serve champion), Norris; Ivanhoe's Betty Ly, Nor-
ris; Loucon Haven Gladys, Norris;
Guernseys
Bull calves over four months (4)-Coker King
Peerless, Carroll Ward and Son, Winter Park; Lake-
mont King, Ward; Seller's Farm Conquerer, Seller's
Guernsey Farm, St. Petersburg; Red Cross Noble
Knight, Bayou Vista Farm, Clearwater;
Junior yearling bulls (2)-McDonald Farms Stead-
fast Otho (junior champion, grand champion),
Boutwell's Dairy, Inc., Lake Worth; Lakemont Max-
im's Victor, Ward;
Senior yearling bulls (4)-McDonald Farms le
Oberlin, Seller; Quail Roost Duncan Crusader, Su-
wannee FFA Chapter, Live Oak; Coker McKnoble
Andy, Ward; Cone's Clairvoyant Viscount, Ray
Higgins, Lakeland;
Twoyear-old bulls (])-Coker's Emory's Victor,
Ward;
Three-year-old bulls (2)-Klondike Raider's Mer-
ry Boy (senior champion, reserve champion), Bout-
well; McDonald Farms Florida King, Sellers;
Heifer calves over four months (9)-Fin'n Feather
Ace's Lonely, Boutwell; Jenwell G. Celia, Boutwell;
LaRamee Wally, Arlen Wetherington, Sidney; Lake-
mont Peter's Girl, Ward;
Cow in milk any age (6)-Laurel of Arrow Farm,
Boutwell; Mo-La-Jac Virginia's Hazel, Ward; In-
dian River McK. Robbie, Ward; Robday's Design,
Boutwell;
Junior yearling heifers (12)-Lakemont Judy's
Jean, Jack Dodd, Maitland; Jenwell Beulah, Bout-
well; Dinsmore Maxmost Estelle, Billy Gunter, Live
Oak; Jenwell Brightness, Boutwell;
Senior yearling heifers (7)-Fair Field Sirena L.
(junior champion), Wetherington; Lakemont's King
Iris. Ward; Bayou Vista Donna Fay, Bayou Vista;
Lakemont's King C'ara, Lakemont;
Junior get of sire-Ward; Sellers;
Heifers two to three (5)-Robday's Design, Bout-
well; Lakemont Judy's Mildred, Ward; Lakemont
Maxim's Lady, Dodd; Coker McK. Betty, Ward;
Cows three to fouir (5)--Mo-La-Jac Virginia's Ha-
zel (reserve grad champion), Ward; McCullough's
Vagabond Edith, Bou:twell: Penbrook Nassau's Hera,
Boutwell; Pennbrook Prince's Stella, Boutwell;
Cows four and over (8)-Laurel of Arrow Farm
(senior champion, grand champion), Boutwell; In-
dian River McK. Robbie, Ward; Peerless Red Pride,
Bayou Vista: Arrow Farms Queenetta, Boutwell;
Best herd-Boutwell; Ward;
Best three females-Ward; Sellers;
Get of Sire-Ward;
Produce of Dam, Ward;
jerseys
Bull calves over four months (5)-Sparkling Royal
Baron Design (junior champion), J. K. Stuart, Bar-
tow; Stedland Bet's Design Bean, Billy Bearren-
tine, Bartow; Xenia Aristocrat, W. J. Nolan, Jack-
sonville; Fillpail Xenia Sir, Nolan;
Junior yearling bulls (5)-D&B Sparkling Victor,
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind, St. Augus-
tine; Thomas Royal Aim, Lloyd Harris, Bartow;
Florida Welcome King, Joel Weldron, Lakeland;
Florida Observer's Marquis, Fred Pippin, IP3ant
City:
Senior yearling bulls (4)-Standard Royal Chal-
lenger (reserve champion, junior champion), Sum-
mer Fields, Summerfield; Jester Dandy Oxford, Stu-
are; Xena's Treva, Nolan; Teffia's Royal Basileus,
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville;
Two-year-old bulls (I)-Jester Sparkling Sir (sen-
ior champion, grand champion), Nolan;
Bulls three and over (1)-Observer Design Onyx
Sultan, Welkener;
Best uddered cow (9)-Sybil Pompey Susan, Welk-
ener; Biltmore Gem Noblesse, Stuart; TDO Janet,
Nolan: Rebecca Fay, Stuart;
Heifer calves over four months (14)-Observer
Sultan Flower, Welkener; Observer Sultan Lois,
Welkener; Noble Volunteer Fancy Xenia, Joseph
Cochran, Bartow; Noble Volunteer Rose Marie
Goldie, Lloyd A. Harris, Bartow;
Junior yearling heifers (15)-Onyx X. Buttercup,
Welkener; Noble Playboy Dreamer, Stuart; Observ-
er Onyx Valeria, Welkener; Sir Sparkling Angel De-
sign, Florida School for Deaf and Blind;
Senior yearling heifers (16)-Standard Royal Mel-
ody (junior champion), Summer Fields; Sybil Pom-
pey Rosalie, Welkener; Noble Craconis Beauty, Stu-
art; Dandy Aim Dahlia, Nolan;


Arlen Wetherington, Sidney Future
Farmer, exhibited the grand champion fe-
male in the FFA division of the Florida
State Fair Dairy Show (top), and grand
champion FFA bull (lower) was shown
by Lloyd Harris.

Junior get of sire-Summer Fields; Welkener;
Stuart; Welkener;
Cows two to three (10)-Biltmore Draconis Red,
Stuart; D&B Bet Baby Hilda, Florida School for
Deaf and Blind; X Standard Ivy Duchess, Summer
Fields; Observer Design Onyx Fay, Welkener;
Cows three to four (8)-Biltmore Gem Noblesse
(senior champion, grand champion), Stuart; Ob-
server Design Elissa, Welkener; Rebecca Fay, Stu-
art; Sybil Pompey Pansy, Summer Fields;
Cows four and over (8)-Sybil Pompey Susan (re-
serve grand champion), Welkener; Sybil Pompey
Mary, Welkener; Xenia Victor Prudence, Nolan;
Xenia Strawberry, Nolan;
Dairy herd-Welkener; Stuart; Nolan;
Best three females-Welkener; Nolan; Summer
Fields;
Get of Sire-Welkener; Nolan; Nolan;
Produce of dam-Welkener; Florida School for
Deaf and Blind; Welkener.


Future Farmer Show

FFA dairy winners, listed in order by
classes, with number of entries in par-
entheses, were as follows:
Jerseys
Bulls one to two (5)-Lloyd Harris (champion
FFA dairy bull); Billy Bearrentine, Bartow; Joel
Waldron, Plant City; Fred Pippin, Plant City;
Females six months to one (2)-Joseph Cochran,
Bartow; Harris;
Heifers one to two (5)-Bearentine; Leslie Collier,
Bartow; Collier; Cochran;
Heifers two to three (I)-Billy Martin, Home-
land;
Guernseys
Bulls one to two (1)-Ray Higgins, Kathleen;
Bulls two to three (1)-Suwannee Chapter FFA,
Live Oak;
Females six months to one (5)-Arlen Wether-
ington, Sidney; Don Fuqua, Altha; Billy Gunter,
Live Oak; Buddy Sewell, Valrico;
Females one to two (8)-Gunter; Wetherington;
Edward Goodyear, Ocala, Glenvil Hall, Plant City;
Females two to three (3)-Wetherington (cham-
pion FFA dairy female); Goodyear; John Mixon,
Largo.


Southern College Receives
Foremost Daries Research Grant
POSSIBILITIES for improving the vitamin
P content of milk through the feeding
of Florida citrus pulp, has led Foremost
Daries, Inc. to make a research grant to
Southern College, Lakeland, Florida, for
the purpose of continuing research in
this field by Dr. Boris Sokoloff and Dr.
Walter H. Eddy of Southern's Biologi-
cal Research Laboratory.
As vitamin P is known to be anti-
radiation vitamin, it is believed possible
that people who drink milk from cows
which are fed citrus pulp and molasses
may have more resistance to atomic ra-
diation than others.
Drs. Sokoloff and Eddy discovered
sometime ago that the peels of Florida
citrus fruits contain appreciable quan-
tities of vitamin P. They also have
found that milk from cows fed on citrus
products appear to be quite rich in Vita-
min P. Now the research men, are plann-
ing extensive tests to prove the details,
including the effect on the general
health of people who drink milk con-
taining vitamin P, which is said to be
useful in the treatment of a number of
circulatory diseases. Atomic radiation
effect human beings in- the same way as
these circulatory diseases.
It seems that you can't get your vita-
min P by eating the peels of Florida
oranges and grapefruit but you can get
it from the milk of the cow that eats the
citrus products.
Mr. Bischoff of the Miami Daily News
asks, "Now who was it kicking because
milk costs more in Florida?"

Unemployment Law
Amendments Proposed
THE FLORIDA INDUSTRIAL Commission is
expected to recommend to the Florida
Legislature amendments to the Florida
Unemployment law which would place
all employers of one or more persons
under this law instead instead eight or
more and increase the maximum weekly
benefits for unemployment from $15.00
for a period up to 16 weeks up to a maxi-
mum of $22.00 a week for a maximum
of 20 weeks.

Florida Plant Manual Is Available

THE "FLORIDA PLANT MANUAL" which
covers the proceedings of the 1950 Dairy
Plant Operation Short Course at the Uni-
versity of Florida, is now available from
the office of the Florida Dairy Industry
Association, at $1.25 each.
This Manual is edited by the Dairy
Laboratory staff at the University of
Florida and covers, in full, copies of the
various papers, lecturers and reports
which were presented as a part of the
four days 1950 Short Course. The "Man-
ual" is sponsored by the "Plant Commit-
tee" of the Dairy Association.


6 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS






Unprecedented

Demand Puts Pulp

In Short Supply

TIHERE HAS BEEN an unprecedented de-
mand for Dried Citrus Pulp. Due in
part to the advertising program being
conducted by the Citrus Processors Asso-
ciation, much new interest in Citrus Pulp
has been aroused among feeders. Dried
citrus pulp this winter has been lower
in cost per ton and lower in cost per
hundred pounds of total digestible nutri-
ents than other comparable carbohydrate
feeds. Wider areas are using this Florida
produced feed all the time.
It is estimated that over half of the
state's production is now moving out
of Florida all over the Eastern half of
the U. S. The blizzards experienced this
past winter have necessitated consider-
able more supplemental feeding since the
pastures were killed off so early. The
curtailed imports of beet pulp has also
been an important factor in the tremen-
dously increased demand for citrus pulp.
Consumption of citrus pulp from Octo-
ber 1 through February of this winter
has been 182% of the consumption for
the same period a year ago, according to
figures released by the Citrus Processors
Association, Lakeland.
While the Citrus Pulp manufacturers
had set aside from last season's produc-
tion what they thought was ample stocks
to meet market requirements before new
production could supply the demand, the
drain on those stocks was so heavy, Citrus
Processors Association reports, that in-
ventories in the state on February 28
were only 27% what were on hand a
year ago.
Indications are that supplies of citrus
pulp might be tight this fall. Therefore
it is suggested that feeders contact their
source of supply promptly and make
arrangements for their summer and fall
requirements in order to be assured it
will be available. Citrus pulp processors
are straining production facilities to
build up their warehouse stocks to a
normal level before the season is over
so that a continuous year 'round supply
can be assured, but at the rate citrus
pulp has been moving this winter, there
is now only about a two week's supply
on hand, the association reports.

New Florida Plant
THE VALDOSTA MILLING COMPANY
active in the distribution of feeds in
Florida for a number of years recently
announced the establishing of a Florida
Plant at 2762 West Beaver Street, Jack-
sonville, under the name of "The Florida
Feed Mills," Mr. G. D. Arnold is manager.


i mmme -" MILI
YIELD
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MILK
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No "Up-and-Down" Milking Losses

When You Milk Your Cows With The

DE LAVAL MAGNETIC SPEEDWAY MILKER
HERE'S WHY the De Laval Magnetic Speedway Milker is the only milker in the world
that can offer dairymen everywhere high, even milk production day after day, year after years


1. As you know, cows are creatures of
habit.
2. They produce best when milking speed
and action are the same day after day
after day.
3. If they are not milked at exactly the
same speed and with exactly the same
action every day they do not "let down"
all of the milk. This causes "up-and-down"
milk production.
0 0 0
4. Ordinary milkers with complicated
pneumatic pulsators may vary in milking
speed and action from milking to milking.
Most pneumatic pulsators are affected by
weather, foreign matter, dust. They can be
tampered with and adjusted according to
the whims of the operator. All of these
things cause a definite change in milking
speed and action. The result is "up-and-
down" milk production losses.


5. The De Laval Magnetic Speedway
Milker is the only milker in the world whose
milking speed CANNOT vary from milking
to milking.
6. This is because the pulsation rate of
the De Laval Magnetic Speedway Milker
is automatically controlled, all the time, at
the ideal 48 pulsations-per-minute rate by
the De Laval Magnetic Pulsation Control,
the factory-set, non-adjustable "heart" of
the De Laval Magnetic Speedway Milker.
No other milker has this feature
7. This means high, constantly even milk
production every day. Can you afford to
milk your cows with any other milker?


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FOR APRIL, 1951 7


a/AV IlAlc., ew,---44 Z9; -V









DAIRY ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES


Directors, Committee Adopt Legislative Policies at Orlando
Meeting; Back Milk Commission; Oppose Sales Tax


THE FLORIDA Dairy Industry Association's
Board of Directors and Legislative Execu-
tive Committee put final approval on
the Association's legislative policies for
the 1951 session of the Florida Legisla-
ture at a joint meeting held in Orlando
March 7th.
The group represented twenty-five of
the State's sixty-seven counties.
While the Association will take an
active interest in any legislation affecting
the Dairy Industry, advance policies are
announced only as follows:
The Six Point Legislative Program
adopted was as follows:
1. Support of the program and budg-
et of the Florida Milk Commission which
"for the past 18 years proved to be a nec-
essary and important factor in stabilizing,
increasing and improving the supply of
home produced milk in Florida."
2. Support of the budget and pro-
gram for improved inspection and
strengthened regulations in milk and
milk production and processing by the
Dairy Supervision Division of the State.
Department of Agriculture.
3. Support of the budget and pro-
gram of the Florida Livestock Sanitary
Board for protecting public health
through control and eradication of live-
stock diseases in the state.
4. Support of the budget and pro-
gram of training and research in dairy-
ing by the University of Florida and the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
at Gainesville.
5 Support of the policy recently an-
nounced by Sen. W. A. Shands as Chair-
man of the finance and taxation com-
mittee of the Legislature for protection


Schedule of
Dairy Industry Events
March 3o-Florida Dairy Association Com-
mittee Chairman Conference at Univer-
sity of Florida. Annual Meeting Com-
mittee; University of Fla. Committee;
Annual Field Day Committee; Milk
Production Committee; Dairy Husban-
dry Committee; Plant Committee; Pas-
ture Development Committee.
April 3-June 2-Legislative Committee
and Secretary E. T. Lay. Headquarters
in Tallahassee at too South Meridian
St.
Apr. 11-13-Florida Milk Sanitarians' An-
nual Conference in Gainesville.
May 18-19 Meeting of Directors and
Committees International Assn. of Ice
Cream Mfrs. at Colorado Springs and
Meeting of State and National Dairy
Association executives, Colorado
Springs.
June 4-8-Dairy Laboratory Technicians
Short Course, Miami.
June 5-8-Annual Meeting-American Dai-
ry Science Association at University of
Tennessee.
June 1s-15-Annual Meeting Florida
Dairy Industry Association, Soreno Ho-
tel, St. Petersburg.


of the family food budget by opposing
application of the sales tax to food.
6. Support of policies of strict econ-
omy in the state government while favor-
ing adequate budgets for essential state
services.

Quick Reply
TEACHER: Jimmy, are you eating candy
or chewing gum?"
Jimmy: "Neither; I'm soaking a prune
to eat at recess."


June "Dairy Month"
1951 Program Planned
THE DAIRY INDUSTRY throughout the na-
tion observes the month of June as
"Dairy Month". Over a period of years
the June Dairy Month program of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association has
become one of its major activities.
Since the administration of Governor
Holland, annual .proclamations by the
Governor of Florida have called atten-
tion to the importance of milk as
Nature's most nearly perfect food and
to the importance of the Dairy Industry
in the economic life of the State.
The Public Relations Committee of
the State Association, headed by Brady
Johnston of Jacksonville, is making plans
for "Dairy Month" activities and urges
all dairies and local committees in all
areas to join actively in this important
opportunity for individual and industry-
wide promotion of goodwill and better
understanding and appreciation of the
Dairy Industry and Dairy Products.
Among the activities suggested by the
June Dairy Month Committee are: Open
House at Farms and Plants; Observe
Dairy Day with a parade, milking con-
tests and exhibits of Dairy Cows in down
town locations; Displays in store win-
dows; Talks by Dairymen before Civic
Clubs, schools, etc.; News stories and
special joint industry advertising; Distri-
bution of special posters and literature.

Legislative Headquarters
100 S. Meridian Street
As HAS BEEN DONE during past sessions of
the State Legislature, the Florida Dairy
Industry Association will maintain an
office and living quarters for special
service to the membership during the
1951 session of the Legislature which
convenes April 3rd for 60 days.
The address, 100 South Meridian
Street, is two blocks east and one-half
block south of the Cherokee Hotel. Tel-
ephones will be listed in the name of
the Association and E. T. Lay.
Executive Secretary E. T. Lay will be
in charge.
Although the Association regular office
in Jacksonville will remain open during
the Legislature, all requests for legislative
information should go direct to the
above Tallahassee address after April
2nd.


8 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS


Information Wanted About Florida Dairymen
THE FLORIDA DAIRY ASSOCIkTION is seeking Florida Dairymen for re-
cognition at the June 13-15 Annual Meeting, as follows:
1. Oldest Dairyman-still active.
2. Oldest Dairy Farm in continuous operation.
3. Oldest Milk Plant under same owner.
4. Oldest Ice Cream Plant under same owner.
Please send nominations to the Editor, Florida Dairy News. Winners
will receive special recognition and award at the 1951 Annual Meeting.







Committee Chairmen to
Confer With University Staff
THE CHAIRMAN of the various Commit-
tees of the Florida Dairy Industry As-
sociation having to do with the activities
of the Unversity of Florida Dairy Depart-
ment will participate in a one-day con-
ference with members of the University
Dairy Department Staff, Thursday,
March 3o. The conference will be held
held at the University Dairy Laboratory,
Gainesville.
Dr. E. L. Fouts, head of the Depart-
ment, has arranged the conference which
will include, the Chairmen of the Associa-
tion Committees on...University of
Florida...Annual Dairy Field Day...
Milk Production...Pasture Development
...Dairy Husbandry...Plant Operations
Veterinary committee . and the Execu-
tive Committee.


How Federal Price Freeze
Affects Florida Milk Prices

THE FEDERAL Price Freeze Order became
effective January 26th.
On and after January 26th, any in-
crease of the retail price of milk is pro-
hibited except when and by the exact
same amount that the price paid to the
producer for the milk has been increased.
The exception to the above, of course,
would be when a retail price increase is
approved by the Federal Price Adminis-
tration.
The price paid to the producer may
be increased and passed on in the retail
selling price only if the price to the pro-
ducer has not reached the so-called parity
price, which is determined by the U.
S. Secretary of Agriculture.
According to the best information our
Florida Dairy Industry Association is able
to obtain, the present prices to Florida
producers is still below this so-called par-
ity.
As long as the Florida producer prices
are below parity, a plant may put into ef-
fect a price increase to producers and add
the exact amount of such increase to the
retail selling price, provided he first files
a notice with the Federal Price Adminis-
tration.
As we understand it, the Federal Price
Administration would have authority to
reject such an increase and roll the price
back, if they should determine that the
price increase put into effect was not jus-
tified.
This provision appears to be a con-
siderable joker in the Federal order and
one which causes Milk Distributors, even
though they desire to do so, to decline to
put into effect any price increase what-
ever until such increase has been approv-
ed in advance by the Federal Price Ad-


Left to right are seen, Vernon Graves,
President; V. C. Johnson, Committee
Chrinn.; l'ilmer Bassetl, 21nd V-Pres.; mand
Frank Doub, Director of F.D.I.A., as they
attended the March 7th Director's Meet-
ing in Orlando.


Dr. E. L. Fonts (left) and Prof. L. E.
Mull of the Dairy Dept., University of
Fla., are seen as they attended the
F.D.I.A Directors' Meeting, Orlando,
March 7th.


a i .







WVellington Paul, (left, V-Pres. and Fla.
Manager, Foremost Dairies, and IV. J.
Barritt, 7r., Pres. Borden's Florida Dairies
confer during the F.D.I.A. Directors'
Meeting, March 7th, in Orlando.

ministration.
Under these circumstances, it appears
that it will be very difficult for any in-
creases in either the retail or farm price
of milk to be increased .
It is anticipated that some changes
will be made in the Federal Price Freeze
Order which will provide some practical
way of adopting changes in present price
levels.
The Florida Milk Commission has held
a number of hearings since the Federal
Price Freeze became effective and were
petitioned in each case for an increase in
the producer price but no further orders
have been issued by the Commission.
The Commission apparently is being
very careful to avoid any clash of author-
ity with Federal Price Control and we
believe rightfully so.


Junior Dairy Association
May Be Formed By F.D.I.A.
FLORIDA'S numerous Junior Dairymen do-
ing outstanding work in Dairy Training
through the leadership of State 4-H Clubs
and Future Farmer Clubs may have "big
brothers" among the Florida Dairy Indus-
try Association membership, if a proposal
now being considered by a special com-
mittee of the Association is adopted by
the Association.
Wilmer Bassett, 2nd Vice President of
the State Association and a graduate of
the University of Florida Dairy Depirt-
ment, is chairman of a committee recently
authorized by the Bo:ird of Directors of
the Association to investigate the possi-
bilities of such a Junior Dairy Group to
be sponsored by the State Association.
So far as the Committee has been able
to learn, a similar Junior Dairy Group
in the State of Wisconsin is the only
such organization in the United States.
The object of the Junior Group would
be to encourage those boys and young
men who become seriously interested in
Dairying through their 4-H and FFA
Training projects, to continue their
Dairy training with the expectation of
making Dairy Farming or Dairy Opera-
tion their life's work.


Cattlemen, Dairymen
Agree on Legislative Policies
S PIrORT of the work of the Florida Live
Stock Sanitary Board inr the prevention
and control of live stock diseases, support
ol tile State's Agricultural Experiment
Station programs for improvement of ag-
ricultural and live stock development;
support of the research and educational
program of the College of Agriculture,
and opposition to extension of the Sales
Tax to foods, are policies on which the
Florida Cattlemen's Association, the
Florida Dairy Association and the Flor-
ida Farm Bureau have agreed.
A legislative conference committee con-
sisting of representatives of these three
organizations is being considered.


Law Amendments Considered
SEVERAL CLASSIFICATIONS of the Florida
Milk Products Law have been approved
by the Dairy Industry Association Direc-
tors. Among these are:
(a) Inclusion of Ice Cream Mix under
Frozen Dessert Law Regulations.
(b) Clarifying of standards for Choco-
late Milk, Half & Half Cream, Fat-Free
Milk with vitamin added, and whole
fluid milk with multi-vitamin.
(c) Inclusion of all cows producing
milk for sale under live stock health and
inspection regulations.


FOR APRIL, 1951 9






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


DAIRY REVIEW


Extension Service
Dairy Farm Research Unit


A, ,i 0111'.1 EJ i'i, Ill %IaLion


A Re-Examination of the Coliform Problem


DR. H. H. 'WILKOWSKE
College of Agriculture Dairy Dept.
THESE ARE SERIOUS times. These is a
war on. and the military situation is de-
manding a substantial increase in the
number of persons for active duty with
our armed forces. In the next year the
military training program will be ex-
panding rapidly and
possibly many bases
that had been closed
after World War II
will again be re-
opened. Florida un-
doubtedly will be-
come an important
military training
area as it was during
the last war. There WILK
WILKOWSKE
will be an ever in-
creasing demand for dairy products since
it has been clearly established that mili-
tary authlmritics recognize the importance
of adequate quantities of dairy products
in human nutrition. But they want and
demand good quality dairy products as
well as quantity. And they do deserve
the best that can be produced.
One quality test on dairy products
that was used extensively during the last
war by our military inspection agencies
was the examination for the presence of
coliform microorganisms. Strict com-
pliance with their requirements was ne-
cessary in order to produce high quality
dairy products they needed. So it ap-
pears timely to re-examine the coliform
problem.
The name "coliform" includes two im-
portant groups of bacteria. One kind
(Aerobacter aerogenes) is commonly
found in soil, grains, feeds and bedding.
The other group (Escherichia coli) is al-
ways present in the intestinal tract of
animals and man. Both groups of
these organisms, however, are widely dis-
tributed in nature and are almost every-
where. It is frequently inferred that
these coliform organisms were of intestin-
al origin when found in dairy products.
This may or may not be the case. Be-
cause of the many possible sources of
coliform organisms in nature, it is an
unsettled question whether or not they
actually did evist in soils prior to some
form of fecal contamination. However,
their presence in milk is the result of
some form of contamination because they


are not present in. milk at th
it is milked from a cow.
Milk is our most nearly per
for humans and the coliforms
very well oin a milk diet. They
the milk sugar, lactose, and p
gas which is one method of
their presence in milk. Beca
grow so readily in milk they
present in milk particles on ut
plant equipment that has not be
ed properly. Small numbers of
organisms which get into milk
of stable dust, feed, soil or i
equipment will increase rapidly
milk is not properly cooled an
crated. However, the presence
coliform organisms in raw mi
universal that examination for t
sence in raw products is seldom
ed as a control test. The prodi
"Certified" raw milk permits u
per milliliter. The number pi
raw milk should, of course, be
the minimum whenever possib
point is that they are common
sent in raw milk-even in milk


quality. This means that every dairy
will have some coliform organisms pre-
sent where raw milk is handled up to
the point where the milk is pasteurized.

Pasteurization destroys the coliform
organisms. A very few isolated instances
have been reported in which some coli-
form strains appeared resistant to normal
pasteurization temperatures. However,
the general consensus of opinion is that
heat resistant coliform organisms are so
rarely encountered, if any, that it is not an
e instant acceptable excuse for their being present
in pasteurized products. The. presence
feet food of coliform organisms in pasteurized milk
also grow products has become and is now widely
ferment recognized as being a matter of some
produce a sanitary significance. For all practical
detecting purposes it can be assumed that they
use they are absent from properly pasteurized
are often milk providing no contamination has
utensils or taken place. Milk of negative coliform
en clean- count immediately after pasteurization
coliform may flow forward through the equipment
by way and pick up coliform contamination
nsanitary from unclean pipe lines, pumps, bottle
y if the filler and bottle caps. Properly cleaned
Id refrig- and sanitized equipment would not re-
of some sult in coliform contamination so their
lk is so presence in bottled milk might mean
heir pre- unclean equipment. Therefore, inspect-
perform- ors expect to find none in good quality
auction of pasteurized milk. Ineffective pasteuriza-
p to 10 tion. (too low temperature or too short
resent in time) might also result in high coliform
kept to counts. Contamination from equipment
le. The used for handling of raw milk, especially
rnly pre- pipe lines and fittings, is another source
of good of trouble. Old equipment with open


Clean Milk Production Reviewed in New U. S. D. A. Bulletin


BY DR. R. B. BECKER
A REVISED U. S. Department of Agricul-
"Clean Milk Production" is just off the
press replacing Farmers Bulletin 602. The
new publication by Fred M. Grant, deals
with the. importance
of clean wholesome
milk from the pro-
Sducer and consumer
standpoints. Grant
described the condi-
tions which favor
bacterial growth, and
their sources. The
relation of the cow,
BECKER utensils, and the
building to bacterial
contamination are described in detail.
This bulletin deals with methods of
milk production as concerns reduction of
contamination from several sources. Steam
and chemicals are mentioned as means
of killing bacteria, with the advice that
one should consult local health authori-
ties concerning treatment of utensils with
chemicals.
Milk cooled soon after it is produced,
and held at a temperature well below 50


degrees Fahrenheit, keeps sweet for many
hours.
Several measures are listed as aids in
control of flies and other insects. One is
warned to cover and protect all utensils
and equipment about the dairy and stable
when spraying for insect control.
Simple rules for production of clean
milk are:
Keep healthy cows.
Helpers who work about or near the
cow and milk should be healthy and
clean.
Clean the cow, her udder and teats.
Small-top containers and clear hands
are essential, when milking by hand into
small-top pails or clean milking machines.
Direct sunlight and fresh air assist in
getting milk room and surroundings clean.
Milk utensils should have smooth seams
and be constructed to keep out dust, hair
or other materials.
Milk utensils should be washed, steril-
ized, and kept sterile.
Cool milk promptly and keep it cold.
Write for a copy of Farmers Bulletin
No. 2017 from your senator or represen-
tative in Congress at Washington, D. C.


10 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS











JO l PiT L II. I .tII .I l ,'r I..-n .1-
1oi ft / .!i', \ c,< ',. t l *.l/.l ,.,' h/ "'h
..,,t l,. l.i 'r , *. l ) .it i il., "..,, Ii, l i, is

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,11, L a. .,,/ .. i l,.l h,' .. n, l.... I d
to the tlutly f]le folha In. nllt l h II/o
Florida Dairy Industry.


seams, rough soldering and inaccessible
places often result in improperly cleaned
milk handling systems. The equipment
must be washed free of all milk,
thoroughly cleansed, and permitted to
dry where airborne contamination such
as flies and dust are kept to a minimum.
Dairy plant personnel should avoid as
much hand contact as possible with sur-
faces that touch milk. Adequate hand
washing facilities help minimize this pos-
sibility. Cold surfaces often are moist
from condensation and the resulting drip
is often a very serious source of trouble.
In running a sanitizing solution
through the system it is important that
all surfaces be treated and that no air
pockets are permitted. Horizontal pipes
must be completely full and all parts of
the valves, both closed and open po-
sitions, must be properly treated. The
use of outlet valves of other than leak-
proof design may permit milk which is
only partially pasteurized to cause coli-
form contamination in supposedly pas-
teurized products. In re-circulation it
should be noted that bactericidal so-
lutions do not generally penetrate into
tightened milk-piping connection joints
as deeply as milk so the connections
should be left untightened until bacter-
icidal treatment is completed.
It is frequently noted that coliform
destruction in cream, ice cream mix
and milk beverages is more difficult. For
this reason, these products usually are
pasteurized at somewhat higher temp-
eratures or for longer times, or both,
than market milk. They too must be
free from coliform organisms.
Although small numbers of coliform
organisms are generally present in good
quality raw milk, chronically contamina-
ted raw milk supplies should be avoided.
The occurrence of any coliforms in pas-
teurized milk or dairy products has be-
come recognized as a reliable index of
post-pasteurization contamination, po-
tentially with bacteria more harmful to
humans than the coliforms. The general


nature of corrective measures are the
observance of good sanitary practices.
Strict compliance of quality control re-
gulations will make it readily possible
to keep coliform bacteria counts to a
satisfactory minimum.

It is well recognized that proper clean-
ing of dairy plant equipment is essential
in the prevention of coliform contamina-
tion after pasteurization. Post-pasteur-
ization contamination can be eliminated
by very thorough washing of all equip-
ment with cleaning solutions of the
strength generally recommended by the
manufacturers. Good brushes, with
strong bristles should be used and scrubb-


ed until no soiling material remains.
When absolutely free of all foreign ma-
terial, the equipment then is ready for
a bactericidal treatment that will destroy
any remaining coliform organisms. This
may be done with steam, hot water or
sanitizing agent. Flowing steam may
be passed through assembled pipe lines
or other closed equipment such as pre-
heaters, filters, pumps, valves, tubular
holders or regenerators. Hot water,
when used for scalding equipment should
be as hot as it is possible to make it. A
sputtering mixture of hot water and
steam should be used for best effect.
When used in a closed system hot water
should be at least 170 degrees F. for 5
minutes, but should be even hotter when
used as a rinse.
Finally a chemical agent should be us-
ed to help destroy all coliform organisms
as well as other bacteria that may be
present. Use of those chemical agents is
necessary to prevent post-pasteurization
contamination with coliform bacteria.
The makers of the various chlorine, quat-
ernary and other chemical agents re-
Scommend the correct amount to use for
a particular clean-up job, and these con-
centrations must be used. However,
their effectiveness is soon lost if milk
gets into the chemical solution, so com-
plete washing is absolutely essential
prior to sanitization treatment. Remem-
her that there will be no coliform prob-
lem if good sanitary practices are care-
fully observed at all times.


Enlarged Veterinary Research Program Is
Essential To Growing Livestock Industry


By D. A. SANDERS
Head, elterinary Science Department, Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station and President,
Florida Veterinary Medical Association
RESEARCH WORK in livestock and poul-
try disease problems at the University
of Florida and Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station are now being con-
ducted in the Department of Veteriary
Science. Previous to establishment of the
Veterinary Department, livestock and
poultry disease investigations were con-
ducted in the Department of Veterinary
component of the Animal Industry
Division.
The rapidly expanding livestock and
poultry industries of
the state have focus-
ed attention upon
the necessity for ad-
ditional research in
this field. Projects
have been activated
and investigations
are now being con-
ducted on those dis- a
eases and ailments o SANDERS
livestock and poul-
try that are of major economical imnor-


tance to these industries. The aim in con-
ducting a research on animal disease is
keep ahead of those infectious, con-
tagious, parasitic and other ailments
which if not controlled are liable to un-
dermine our state and national economy.
The need for continued and expanded
investigations of livestock and poultry
diseases is based upon the importance of
food production and conservation which
is needed to feed ourselves and our allies.
The responsibilities of the veterinary
profession, of animal disease research
workers and regulatory officials are
multiplied immensely under the impact
of impending atomic and biologic war-
fare.
The protection of the livestock and
poultry industries from the inroads of
those diseases that are present in this
country and protection from such orien-
tal livestock plagues as may be intro-
duced accidentally or intentionally is
charged to the veterinary profession. Ob-
viously, this protection is basically pre-
dicted upon performing sufficient re-
search work on those diseases already
present and to be prepared to investi-
(Conitinued on page 35)


FO R APRIL, 1 9 5 1 11



















Pastures and grazing are emphasized at the Florida Dairy Research Unit. Left panel shows milking cows grazing white clover-Dallis
grass pasture, a combination regarded as rich in protein and other nutrients needed to support milk production. Center panel
shows calves grazing on the same combination: calves will utilize significant amounts of quality pasturage as young as 3 to 4 months
e Right panel shows milking cows grazing cattail millet, a summer annual which is a high yielder of nutritious forage when
fertilized and kept in a vegetable state.

'Dairy Research Unit Now Boasts Modern Barn;


Seeks Means of Reducing Labor for Dairyman

By DR. SIDNEY P. MARSHALL.
Associale Dairy Husbandman
University of Florida
Tr,: DAIRY RESEARCH UNIT is located 11
miles north of Gainesville on 1171 acres y -
of good quality flatwoods land. Build-
ings constructed prior to occupancy in
September, 1949 included the main barn .
with milk house, research wing, and feed W '
storage wing; t wo ..
silos of 100 ton ca- -
pacity each; 4 hicif- d i
eir shelters; and 2 .... -
cottages occupied by
t h e hersdman, and
farm manager. The
facilities, though ad-
equate to begin the
i, operation, were not
complete and a large
MARSHALL share of our work _L -- -
has been devoted to construction, devel- -.
opment, and improvement.
A modern calf barn was constructed
during the past winter with funds pro-
vided by the Florida Milk Commission.
The objectives of the design were to re-
duce labor required to rear healthy calves -
and to provide facilities for controlled
research work with calves. A center 7 1"
feeding aisle with 15 individual and two
group pens on each side facilitates the
feeding operation. Feed mangers are lo- -.
cated outside of the pens and border ;
this aisle. Cleaning alleys behind each
row of pens permit removal of litter with
a minimum of work. Soiled litter is -" ,
shoveled into a tub set on a cart and
pushed under an overhead conveyor at The University of Florida Research Unit is modern and up-to-date. Top view shows
the rear of the barn where it is hoisted the dairy barn with office and laboratory wing (left) and feed wing (right). Center
and dumped into a manure spreader. panel shows the calf barn with calves on pasture: the barn contains 30 individual pens,
the litter is then spread on fields or pas- 4 group pens and rooms for storing feed and bedding litter. Lower panel shows a
tures without further handling. Fresh heifer unit with pastures and four sheds. Heifers are kept here from 4 months of age
bedding litter and feeds are unloaded in until the approach of calving time.


12 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS




















Wilmer Bassett-Second Vice President of
Florida Dairy Industry Association-was
super "cowboy hat" salesman at the
Annual Dairy Field Day Meeting. Wilmer
and Mrs. Jim Jennings together sold
one hundred forty hats.

to separate storerooms through shutter-
type windows and conveyed in carts to
stalls and mangers. Individual pens have
solid separatory partitions installed over
inverted V-type curbs, which makes it
possible to clean and disinfect one stall
without affecting the others, and elimin-
ate annoyances among calves following
feeding. Front and rear partitions of in-
dividual pens and all partitions of group
pens are of open-panel construction
which permits adequate lighting and ven-
tilation. Pen and barn floors are sloped
to provide drainage. Six acres of grass-
clover pasture adjacent to the calf barn
are divided into small paddocks and pro-
vide good grazing most of the year. Calves
may be moved from individual pens to
the group pens at 5 to 6 weeks of age
and at this time are allowed access to the
pastures between feedings.
The installation of a war-surplus 25
K.V.A. generating unit has proven a val-
uable asset during several power failures,
particularly during the past hurricane
season. Its generating capacity provides
adequate current for lights and electric
motors operating milking machines, re-
frigeration units, feed mixer, and water
pump. The building which houses the
generating unit and panel box also con-
tains storage space for some supplies used
in the barn.
Facilities for weighing cattle on experi-
mental work were constructed adjacent
to the concrete walk behind the barn.
They include a scale pit with shelter,
concrete entrance and exit walks, fences,
and gates. The design of this installa-
tion enables rapid weighing of individ-
ual cows without the necessity of hallter-
ing them.
The farm does not have a reliable nat-
ural water supply for stock and it has
been necessary to pipe water to all pas-
tures and paddocks used in the miikinm
herd. To provide water at the heifer
unit, a well was drilled, pump installed,
and pipe lines laid to all pastures.


NO HOOKS! NO LATCHES!
FAST, POSITIVE CONNECTIONS


I


g S
BALL


Co0 PLER


PUSH. CLICK! IT'S ENGAGED! Water pres-
sure automatically seals the connection.
A TWIST, A PULL! IT'S APART! Saves
steps, eliminates latching and unlatching.


WHATEVER YOUR IRRIGATION PROBLEM,

CAN HELP YOU...

AMES designs systems for all methods of
controlled irrigation: SPRINKLE (Hand-
Move orTow-A-Line), FURROW and FLOOD.
Select the one best suited to your croos.

W. R. AMES CO.
SINCE 1910
3905 East Broadway, Tampa 5, Florida
Distributed By
THE CAMERON & BARKLEY CO.
Tampa Orlando Miami
Jacksonville


FOR APRIL, 1951 13


FLORIDA DAIRYMEN AGREE
No Matter What the Job ...







Your Servant
of the Century


^ed4U^ dOfw~t

can elp you do it



BETTER* FASTER CHEAPER



SFLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY


m


.tu"







Our Consignment to:


The Florida Jersey Cattle Club

Promotional Sale


1 P.M., C.S.T., Thursday, April 5
at Marianna Air Base


Two Outstanding Cows:
TREVA FAVORITE LADY 1534816, Dropped November 3, 1945, Classified
Very Good. Herd Improvement Registry Records of-
296 Days 7057 Milk 5.8% 410 Fat at 2-1 of age
aoo Da's 7860 Milk r.9% 462 Fat at 3-1 of age..
A daughter of the Silver Medal Tested Sire Observer Treva Favorite 409873
whose 18 daus. avg. 9080 Milk 5.4% 492 Fat.
X. STANDARD IVY FAVORITE 164929o, Dropped October 26, 1946, Classi-
fied Good Plus. Silver Medal Record of-
to, Days Milk '76o6 r.8% 438 Fat at 2-0 of age. A daughter of the Superior,
Silver Medal Tested Sire Biltmore Ivy Butterking 451141, Excellent, whose
12 tested daughters avg. 9810 5.7% 558 Fat.


HOLLY HILL FARM


Route 3, Box 612
Jacksonville, Florida


Mr. & Mrs. Walter Welkener
Herd T.B. & Bang's Accredited


Gold Star Herd
Constructive Breeder 5x


Selling 4 Females


AT MARIANNA

ROSEBOY STANDARD PRINCESS 1597665
Tattoo: RE-FIB, LE-238. Dropped: July 26, 1946. Bred: January 5, 1951 to Jester Dandy
Oxford 517854. Calved: November 23, 1950. Sire: Vera's Design Roseboy 399506. Dam:
Design Princess Emerald 1227254. Records: D.H.I.A. 2-5 305 8030 5.1% 413 H. I. R. 3-4
252 6430 6.6% 428.

BILTMORE DRACONIS BRIDE 1616800
Tattoo: 9 E 7-RE. Dropped: May 8, 1947. Bred: December 29, 1950 to Jester Dandy Ox-
ford 517854. Calved: August 29, 1950. Sire: Draconis La Sente Royal 448751. Dam: Bilt-
more Basileus Bride 1443162. Record: D. H. I. A. 2-1 305 7559 5.6% 421. Classified "Very
Good" at 3 years.
BILTMORE POETESS JEWEL 1616830
Tattoo: RE-20 G 7. Dropped: July 22. 1947. Bred: December 22, 1950 to Jester Dandy Ox-
ford 517854. Calved: September 28, 1950. Sire: Biltmore Royal Poet 408731. Dam: Bilt-
more Dreamer Jewel 1226983. Record: D. H. I. A. 2-1 305 8873 5.6% 495. Classified "Good
Plus" at 3 years. Now producing 20 lbs. milk per day at two times a day milking.

LOUISOXFORD EMINENT MAGGIE 1664466
Tattoo: D 28. Dropped: April 1, 1948. Bred: December 18, 1950 to Dandy Noble Sir 496778.
Calved: August 2, 1950. Milking 20 lbs. per day at two times a day milking. Classified "Good"
at two years. Sire: Louisoxford Majesty 476902. Three Star Bull. Dam: Mayfair Bobbette
1279297.


J. K. STUART


BARTOW


Registered Jersey Cattle


FLORIDA


Jersey Club Plans

Auction Sale at

Marianna April 5
MEMBERS or the Florida Jersey Cattle
Club will offer registered Jerseys-both
bulls and females-at auction in Mari-
anna, Thursday, April 5, beginning at
1 p.m. CST.
The offering will include individuals
from some of Florida's leading Jersey
herds, among them being A. T. Alvarez,
W. J. Nolan's Alpine Dairy, and Walter
Welkener's Holly Hill Farm, of Jackson-
ville; J. K. Stuart of Bartow; Frank L.
DeBord & Son of Quincy; George Sixma
of Lake Helen, and Carlos Griggs'
Summer Fields, at Summerfield.
According to W. W. Glenn, chairman
of the sales committee, Col. Tom McCord
of Montgomery has been engaged as auc-
tioneer for the event, which will be held
in the old Marianna Air Base.
Requests for catalogs should be ad-
dressed to Mr. Glenn at Marianna.
Consignments include five females
from Stuart; six females from Summer
Fields; four females and a bull from
Alpine; two females from Alvarez, two
from Sixma and two from Holly Hill;
and a pair from the DeBord herd.
J. K. Stuart of Bartow is president of
the club, and F. E. Bactzman of Orlando,
county agent for Orange county, is secre-
tary. In addition to Mr. Glenn, the sales
committee includes W. R. Crutchfield of
Grand Ridge, M. A. Schack of Green-
wood. Mrs. Welkener, and Mr. DeBord.

New Klenzade Detergents
KLENZADE PRODUCTS, INC., Beloit, Wiscon-
sin, recently announced the production
of two new detergents for dairy farm
sanitation. The new products are the
result of several years of laboratory and
field research, the announcement said.
Klenzade KGD-1 is an alkaline, product
in powder form combining superior de-
tergency with a quaternary ammonium
compound. It is especially designed for
heavy duty hand cleaning jobs with ex-
cellent water conditioning properties and
extra power to emulsify fats and greases.
KGD-3 is a liquid organic acid detergent
combining wetting agents with a quater-
nary ammonium compound. Klenzade
KGD-1 and Klenzade KGD-3 are recom-
mended for alternate use on all milking
equipment and utensils, for lime and
milkstone control.

Competing Beverage
THEN there was the girl who soaked her
strapless evening gown in coffee so it
would stay up all night.


14 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS






Florida Milk Production Cost
Survey Completed by U. of F.
A COMPREHENSIVE survey of milk produc-
tion costs in the principal production
areas of Florida was undertaken several
months ago by the Department of Agri-
cultural Economics of the University of
Florida, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Gainesville, upon request of the Dairy
Industry through the. Florida Dairy In-
dustry Association.
Completion of the printed report of
this survey has just been announced by
Willard M. Fifield, Director of the Ex-
periment Stations.
This survey, considered the most com-
prehensive of any study of this kind ever
made of the basic operating costs of milk
production in Florida, is another ex-
ample of the splendid services rendered
Florida agriculture and the economic wel-
fare. of the State of Florida by the Agri-
cultural Experiment Station. The Milk
Production Committee and Board of
Directors of the Florida Dairy Industry
Association, realizing the value of basic
research of this kind, have officially re-
quested the University of Florida to make
provision for the full time services of a
member of the staff of the Agricultural
Economics Department in the study of
milk and milk products production costs.
Significant findings of the survey
which covered the operation of 112 rep-
resentative farms over a 12 months
period, are as follows:
The Dairy Cow population in Florida
has increased 108% and milk production
per cow has increased 40% in the. past
20 years. Average annual milk produc-
tion per cow in 1949 was 4100 pounds.
The cash value of milk and milk
products averages about 8% of the total
income from all agricultural products in
Florida.
The average cost of producing a gallon
of milk ranged from 54.7 cents to 59.9
cents per gallon. The average price re-
ceived by the producer per gallon ranged
from 55.5 cents to 60 cents. Variations
were for different areas of the State.
The average capital investment of
Dairy Farms varied from $33,450 in
strictly rural areas to $146,111.00 for
farms adjacent to large city areas. Total
investment per cow varied from $332.00
to $424.00. Investments averaged about
50% for live stock, 25% for land and
25% for equipment.
Copies of the 20-page report will be
forwarded upon request to the Florida
Dairy Industry Association or the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station, Gaines-
ville.

THE GLANCES that over cocktails seem so
sweet, may be less charming over shred-
ded wheat.


A. T. Alvarez, Jacksonville, Fla.
W. J. Nolan, Jacksonville, Fla.
J. K. Stuart, Bartow, Fla.
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville, Fla.


Frank L. DeBord & Son, Quincy, Fla.
George G. Sixma, Lake Helen, Fla.
Summer Fields, Carlos Griegs,
Summerfield, Fla.


Jersey Cows Make the Most Profit Per Acre

For Catalog, Write
Mr. Woodrow Glenn, County Agent, Liddon Bldg., Marianna, Fla.





Our Consignment to the

West Florida Jersey Sale

At Marianna April 5

BULL CALF
Prospective Herd Sire, sired by Longed For Sparkling Fillpail out of Xenia
Rosa, classified V. G. now on test, a granddaughter of the Gold Medal
cow, Rosa Raleigh Alice.

STAN DAISY
Heavy springing daughter of the tested sire Magnolia Standard Stan oul
of the Silver Medal cow Picador's Noble Daisy of C. P.

MAGNOLIA STYLISH OPAL
Bred heifer by Magnolia Standard Stan out of the tested cow Observer
Stylish Opal.

MAGNOLIA STANDARD STAN
Heifer by Magnolia Standard Stan out of Onyx Design Lily Josie.

BODICIA SYBIL VIOLET
Morrocroft Farms bred calf by Robin Bodicia Lad out of Sybil Knight's
Violet.


ALPINE DAIRY FARM
W. J. Nolan, Jacksonville, Fla.
REGISTERED JERSEYS JERSEY CREAMLINE MILK


FOR APRIL, 1951 15


THE FLORIDA JERSEY CATTLE CLUB


PROMOTIONAL SALE

THURSDAY, APRIL 5, 1951

1:00 P.M. CENTRAL STANDARD TIME
at

MARIANNA AIR BASE, MARIANNA, FLORIDA


An Offering of Pure Bred Jerseys from Some of
Florida's Leading Jersey Herds





FLORIDA DAIRIES!

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Contact the offices listed below, or write BOWEY'S, Inc.,
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"CHERRY-BURRELL"
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Pasteurizers
Ice Cream Machinery
601 East Church St., Jacksonville


"DE LAVAL"
Milkers
Separators
Clarifiers
127 N.E. 27th St., Miami


16 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS


__F_









113 Animals From 22 Counties

In Orlando 4-H Dairy Exhibition


The above four panels are random shots
made during the statewide 4-H Dairy
show in Orlando recently.


THE HIGHEST PRAISE and connmendation
should go to officials of the Central Flor-
ida Exposition, other sponsor of the An-
nual State-wide 4-H Dairy Show, as well
as to the 4-H Club leaders of Florida and
the numerous boys and girls who have
worked hard to make possible this out-
standing Dairy Show and Contest, held
February 19, as a feature of the annual
Central Florida Exposition.
Over 113 dairy animals were entered
from 22 different counties. S195o.oo in
cash prizes were awarded together with
numerous trophies, training awards and
other prizes.
The annual Revolving Trophy of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association award-
ed for the best county group of dairy
animals shown, was won by the group
from Volusia County. The three attrac-
tive daughters of Hubert Jacobs, Beacon
Dairies, DeLand, won this event with
their grand champion, junior champion
and reserve champion registered Ayr-
shires. Mr. Ernest Grahanm of Graham's
Dairy, Hialeah, a past president of the
association, and Secretary E. T. Lay pre-
sented the award.
Permanent Dairy Association trophies
w re given the previous county winners
of the revolving trophy. These were Pin-
ellas County for 1948, Orange County for
9)49, and Jackson County for 1950.
Volusia boys Johnny Reichel, Neil
Nebabawswi and Hans Hanson topped
a field of 22 other teams to take first in
the judging, but Duval County's Edity
Cameron edged them all out to annex
top place in the individual competition.
Showing his grade Jersey to grand
champion female as well as junior cham-
pion was Marlen Hale of Dade County,
while the reserve champion was owned


by Billy Oswald, Jackson County 4-H'er.
Vernon Thomas, Orange County youth
who won the 1950 4-H dairy achievement
trophy plus a trip to the National Con-
gress in Chicago, showed his registered
Jersey to grand champion and senior
champion female. Roy Roberts, another
Orange County lad, took home the junior
champion award and Warren Alvarez of
Duval copped the reserve champion rib-
bon.
Tops in the grade Guernsey class were
Polk County boys Turner Baker, who
took the grand champion and junior
champion places, and Paul Thornhill,
with the reserve champion.
To prove that not all grand champion
and senior champion awards should be
won by the boys, Patricia Ellis of Nassau
walked away with those awards in the
registered Guernsey class, allowing Hur-
ley Rountree of Pinellas County to take
the reserve and junior champion prices.
Orange County boy Wane Harrell
copped both the senior and grand cham-
pion female awards with his grade Hol-
stein, while Wade Edwards of Dade took
the junior champion and reserve cham-
pion ribbons in that class.
Following Volusia County in the team
judging were Manatee boys, Pinellas boys,
Lake boys and Duval girls, while Orange,
Duval, Jackson and Pinellas Counties fol-
lowed in that order in the "best county"
class.
Robert Graham of Miami showed the
Grand Champion Registered Holstein.
Others contributing to the success of
the show by the awarding of trophies and
prizes were: Southern Dairies, Inc.; Kuder
Pulp Sales Co., Lake Alfred; Lederle
Laboratories, Inc.; Alpine Dairy, Jackson-
ville; the Central Florida Exposition


-aI -two
Master of Ceremonies Paul Thornhill is
shown introducing Mr. C. W. Reaves
(seated), State Extension Dairyman, and
W. W. Brown (standing) right, State 4-H
Club Agent, who announced the winners
of the various 4-H Show Awards.


Ernest Graham, former President, Florida Dairy Industry Association, presents the As-
sociation's revolving trophy to Joy Jacobs of DeLand as Chairman of the Volusia
County 4-H group, for the best County group of Dairy animals exhibited . .On the
right, Joy shows her grand champion registered Ayrshire, one of the group of three
which won the Association trophy for this County.


FOR APRIL, 1951 17


41












Members


Robert Graham, Miami, shows his grand
champion registered Holstein.


Announcing Additional 1951 Membership Dues Received

The Membership Committee wishes to express appreciation to the follow-
ing members whose 1951 membership dues have recently been received.-
Wilmer Bassett and Vernon Graves, Co-Chairmen.


Dairy Members


W -
Mrs. Bob Hall and daughter, Pat, of Hall
and Boyd Dairy, Miami, at the 4-H Dairy
Show, Orlando, Feb. 1g.


($1500.00); the State Dept. of Agricul-
ture ($450.00); Borden's Dairy, Tampa;
John W. Eshelman 8& Sons; J. K. Stuart
Dairy, Bartow; American Jersey Cattle
Club; Florida Jersey Cattle Club; Fla.
Guernsey Cattle Club; Howard Feed
Mills, Jacksonville; Holstein Association
of America; Ayrshire Breeders Associa-
tion and Dinsmore Dairy, Jacksonville.
C. W. Reaves, State Extension Dairy-
man, presented the awards and trophies
at the annual 4-H Banquet held on the
Exposition grounds the night of Novem-
ber 19. Mr. Reaves also served as show
superintendent. W. W. Brown, State 4-H
Club Agent served as Assistant in Charge
of judging. Serving as judges were J.
McJeter, P. T. Dix Arnold, and R. T.
Harris. Ringmaster was George A.
Baumeister.


Cattlemen's Association

Names Committees

PRESIDENT CUSHMAN RADEBAUGH of the
Florida Cattlemen's Association has an-
nounced appointment of Legislative and
Public Relations Committees of that Asso-
ciation for 1951.
Members of the Legislative Committee
named are: Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., of
Frostproof, chairman; B. J. Alderman of
Grandin, Walter F. Bronson of Orlando,
Barney Barron of LaBelle, Sid Carlton
of Ft. Pierce and Payne H. Midyette, Jr.
of Tallahassee.


Stacey, Ralph A., Dairy
Woodbery, W. P., Dairy
Stone, Ben, Dairy
Campbell Dairy
Coody, E. B., Dairy
Cooksey Bros. Dairy
Ford, W. L., Dairy
Silver Lake Dairy
Goff's, Dick, Dairy
Halley, Wess & Son, Dairy
Hamilton's, Milton, Dairy
Hitchcock's, K. D., Dairy
Lambert's, T. J., Dairy
Peacock, C. Hugh, Dairy
Peacock's, T. S., Dairy
Shepard's, Marco G., Dairy
Turner, Ralph, Dairy
Laird-Miller Dairy
Moore's, K. L., Dairy
Stewart, Ralph G. & Son, Dairy
Schack's Dairy
Bamberg's Dairy
Borden Southern Co., The
Southern Dairies (St. Petersburg)
Sawyer's, E. E., Dairy
Superior Ice Cream Co.
Sixma's Dairy
Ridge Dairies, Inc.
University City Dairy
Stanton, Sam, Dairy
Schmid's Guernsey Dairy
Holly Hill Dairy
Doub, F. B., Dairy
Coble Dairy Products, Inc.


Thien's, A. B., Dairy
Danson, Wm., Dairy
Anderson & Teal Dairy
Southern Dairies (W. P. Beach)
Alpine Dairy Co.
Southern Dairies (Tampa)
Borden's Dairy (all Fla.)
Myrtle Grove Dairy Farm
Pineland Dairies
Southern Dairies (Jacksonville)
Edmondson Farms, Inc.
Datson, Glenn S., Dairy
Gunter, W. D., Dairy
Whitehurst Dairy
Goolsby, R. G., Dairy
Lee's, Sam, Dairy
Kinlaw, L. R., Dairy
Smiley Bros. Dairy
Schneider's Creamery, Inc.
Collins, J. T., Dairy
Graham's Dairy, Inc.
Rode's Dairy
Kirton, Dudley, Dairy
Clark, Ralph S. Jr., Dairy
Hathcock Dairy
New Palm Dairy
Phelps, W. I., Dairy
Stephens, Miller, Dairy
Johnson, Geo., Dairy
Click, H. & Son, Dairy
Hunt's Dairy Farm, Inc.
Cianolio Dairy
Fairglade Dairy


Stevens, Wallace, Dairy
Fortner & Glidewell Dairy
Faraway Dairy Farms, Inc.
Quality Dairies, Inc.
Gerber, C. O., Dairy
Melvin, E. M., Dairy
Crump, J. E., Dairy
Janssen, J. W., Dairy
Thornhill, J. B., Dairy
Barber's Purity Dairy
Jones, R. F., Dairy
Jameson, M. E., Dairy
Mulloy, W. H., Dairy
Datson Dairy No. 2
Kersey, J. E., Dairy
Hall & Boyd Dairy Farms, Inc.
Yoder's Glades Dairy
Dennis, W. C., Dairy
Willis, F. E., Dairy
McArthur Jersey Farm Dairy
Fla. D. & B. Dairy Farm
Anderson & Burgess Dairy
Buckeye Dairy
Land O'Sun Creamery (Sarasota)
Valrico Dairy
Breezy Acres Farms
Royal Dairy Farms', Inc.
Stewart's Dairy, Inc.
Trail Dairy Farm
Carlton's, J. T., Dairy
Jones, M. E., Dairy
Meadowbr'k Dairy (Delray B'ch)
Harris, Dr. F. C., D.V.M.
Iakemont Dairy


Veterinary Doctors

Dr. F. C. Harris


Allied Trades Members


Adams Packing Association Inc.
American Paper Goods Co.
American Seal Kap Corp.
Amica-Burnett Chem. & Supply
Co.
Amco Feed Stores. Orlando
Anheuser-Busch, Inc.
Broward Grain & Supply Co. Inc.
C. A. Bailey, Real Estate
Byars-Forgy, Inc.
California Spray-Chem. Corpn.
Continental Can Co., Inc.
Peter Cooper Corporations
Dennery, Chas. Co.
De-Raef Corp.
Diversey Corp.
Dixie Cup Co.
The Dixson Co.
Ex-Cell-O Corp
Fla. Citrus Canners Coop.
Fla. Feed Mills


Fischman Co., The
Gulf Paper Co.
Hackney Bros. Body Co.
Hector Supply Co.
Hudson Manufacturing Co.
Igou, W. M., Inc.
International Paper Co.
Irwin Grain Co.
Jiffy Manufacturing Co.
Johnson & Johnson
Johnston, Rob't. A., Co.
Kelco Co.
Krim-Ko Corporation
Kuder Pulp Sales Co.
Lakeland Cash Feed Co.
Lenfestey Supply Co.
Lily Tulip Cup Corp.
Mayfair Sales Co., Inc.
Meyer, Geo. J., Mfg. Co.
Miller Machine & Supply
Jax.


Members announced for the Public Re-
lations Committee are: Irlo Bronson of
Kissimmee, chairman; Doyle Carlton of


Miller Machinery & Supply Co.,
Miami
Morris Paper Mills
Nash-Kelvinator Corporation
National Pectin Products Co.
Owens-Illinois Glass Co.
Paul-Lewis Laboratories, Inc.
Pure Carbonic, Inc.
Quality Feed & Supply Co.
Reddi-Wip Co. of Fla.
Riverside Manufacturing Co.
Schaefer, Inc.
Security Mills of Tampa, Inc.
Security Feed & Seed Co., Miami
Spartan Grain & Mill Co., Inc.
Standard Cap & Seal Corp.
Tesco Chemicals
Virginia Dare Extract Co.
Warner-Jenkinson Mfg. Co.
Co.,Wyandotte Chemicals Corpn.
Wholesale Brokerage Co.


Tampa, Dan McCarty of Ft. Pierce, Alto
Adams of Tallahassee and Sid Crochet of
Clewiston.


18 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS


1951


I_



























March 21st, 1951


To All Members

SFlorida Dairy Industry Association


We could not let this opportunity go by without taking advantage of it to the extent of

expressing to the Florida Dairy Industry Association our sincere appreciation and
..^ thanks for the decision made in selecting Saint Petersburg for your 1951 Convention.


We are more delighted than we can possibly impart to you over the prospects of playing

host to your fine organization. We want you to know that we will pledge to you all of

our facilities. I am sure we can promise you that the hospitality of the Sunshine City

will be something your group will long remember.


You'll discover, in the Sunshine City, 100,000 friendly people, splendid convention

facilities, outstanding hotels, legitimate theatres, nationally famous restaurants, fishing,

golfing and entertainment to suit your taste.


Saint Petersburg is a glorious convention city! Its rustling palms the enchantment of

the Gulf beautiful Tampa Bay its tropical gardens of flowers and trees wild
animal farms and countless other wonders, create a magnetic lure for both convention

and vacation.


Looking forward with pleasure to entertaining you, I am


Sincerely yours,










St. Petersburg Chamber of Commerce
William F. Davenport
Manager
WFD:cam


FOR APRIL, 1951 19






St. Petersburg Beaches Invite You


' iI I *


I I)


Arrangements Committee Emphasizes

St. Petersburg Convention Attractions


CHAIRMAN CHARLES LANDRETH, St. Peters-
burg Southern Dairies' Manager, and
members of the Annual Meeting Ar-
rangements Committee, emphasize that
St. Petersburg has
the very finest facil-
ities for golfing, fish-
ing, boating, bath-
ing, sightseeing and
just plain loafing in
the sunshine. Oth-
er members of the
Arrangements Com-
mittee are: C. Ray
Johnson, Russell LANDRETH
Bevan, Red Slye,
John Hood, Syd Lenfestey, Leon Sellers
and L. Bobo.


St. Petersburg
Invites You!













Tropical Florida
Invites You!


20 FLORIDA DAIRY


Committee Promises Outstanding Program
THE 19 MEMBER annual meeting committee, headed by First Vice President
Theo Datson of Orlando, is busy searching for outstanding speakers to bring
to the 1951 Florida Convention the best possible enter-
tainment, information and inspiration. Mr. Datson says
he feels assured that all who have the good fortune to
attend, will be pleased with the Annual Meeting pro-
gram. The full membership of the Annual Meeting
Program Committee is as follows: Wilmer Bassett, John
DuPuis, Dr. E. L. Fouts, Gordon Nielsen, Harry
Parasine, Cotton Paul, John Hentz, Wayne Webb, Frank
Doub, Vernon Graves, Henry McClanahan, Mrs. H. B.
Thomas, Dr. Karl Owens, John M. Scott, L. K. Nicholas,
W. J. Barritt, Jr., Harry Matthews and Joe Ne Smith. DATSON


NEWS









1951AnnualMeeting June 13-15



AtSoreno Hotel, St. Petersburg


Wednesday Morning June 13
10:00 Opening Registration
12:30 "Early Bird" Buffet Luncheon
Wednesday Afternoon
2:15 to 5:30 First Business Session
3:00 Ladies special boat trip
Wednesday Evening
6:15 Allied Trades "Alligator Club"
Reception and Social Hour (All Delegates invited)
7:30 'til... Buffet Dinner, Informal Program
Barn Dance


Thursday Morning June 14
- Second Business Session
- Ladies Sightseeing Tour and Luncheon Party
- Luncheon Program Guest Speaker


Thursday Afternoon June 14
2:30 Program of Recreation Golf Tournament, Boating,
Fishing, Sightseeing, Swimming, Etc.


oreno Hotel
Tampa Bay \
Fishing m


Thursday Evening June 14
6:30 Reception and Fellowship Hour Honoring Assn.
Officers and Directors Courtesy, "Alligator Club"
(All Delegates Invited).
8:00 Annual Dinner and Program Guest Speaker
Floor Show, Entertainment &- Dancing
Courtesy "Alligator Club"

Friday Morning June 15
9:30 to 12:00 Third Business Session
10:30 Ladies Auxiliary Annual Business Meeting
(Separate from the Regular Business Session)
10:30 "Alligator Club" Annual Business Meeting
(Separate from the Regular Business Session)

Friday Luncheon Program
12:45 Final Luncheon Meeting (All Delegates & Ladies)
Installation of All Officers and Directors
Special Guest Speaker
2:00 Adjournment of Convention
2:30 New Directors' Meeting


FOR APRIL, 1951 21


9:15
10:30
12:30


:i_1 ,





















ST. PETERSBURG
FL O R I D A

March 21, 1951

To all members
Florida Dairy Industry Association

We will be privileged to entertain the Florida Dairy Industry Association here in St.
Petersburg June 13, 14, and 15. The Sunshine City has many attractive entertainment
features which we hope will meet your entire satisfaction.

Special convention rates have been extended your Association and they are as
follows:

Single rooms and baths, $5.00 per day
Twin-bedded rooms and baths, $8.00 per day
Suites parlor, bedroom and bath, $16.00 and $18.00 per day

The rates quoted are on the European Plan and for those arriving a day or two before
or remaining a few days after the convention, the above rates will apply.

There is every indication that this convention will be an outstanding one thanks to
the available facilities at the Soreno Hotel and to the very complete program which
is being arranged.

It is our sincere hope that you can attend and afford us the privilege of serving you.

Cordially yours,

SORENO HOTEL














John J. Dewey
Manager
JJD:eb


22 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS



















Members, Florida Live Stock Sanitary Board, shown as they attended a recent meet-
ing in Orlando. Left to right they are: John C. DuPuis, Jr., Miami, Chairman; Nathan
Holmes, Ft. Pierce: 7. Olin Pearce. Okeechobee; Dave Gaskins, lVewahitchka; John
Turner, Arcadia; L. T. Langford, Plant City; Carl Barber, St. Cloud.


LSSB Mastitis Control Program


Is Aid to Florida Dairymen


THIE DAIRYMEN' of Florida who are fol-
lowing the recommendations of the State
Live Stock Sanitary Board's Mastitis Con-
trol Program have found that mastitis
in their herds has been greatly reduced.
At the present time more than. 600 dairy-
men are cooperating with this program.
Those dairymen who
are following rec-
ommended herd d
management and cor-
rect milking prac-
tices find that losses
due to mastitic infec-
tion are of minor
economical import-
ance. The following
quotations re veal IaI MCMURRAY
benefits that dairy-
men receive when they follow the Board's
Mastitis Control Program closely:
Herd A: The initial examination of
106 cows examined showed 32 cows in-
fected and 44 quarters infected. On the
last examination of 116 cows, of the same
herd, only 6 cows and 7 quarters were
infected.
Herd B: Initial examination 199 cows
examined; 62 cows infected; 88 quarters
infected. Last examination 192 cows ex-
amined; 3 cows infected; 3 quarters in-
fected.
Herd C: Initial examination 128
cows examined; 18 cows infected; 23
quarters infected. Last examination-
302 cows examined; 4 cows infected; 4
quarters infected.
Herd D: Initial examination-91 cows
examined; 38 cows infected; 95 quarters
infected. Last examination-95 cows ex-
amined; 1 cow infected; 1 quarter infect-
ed.
The reason that some herds show little
or no improvement are:
1. The dairyman has not actually con-
scientiously followed our recommenda-
tions relative to his herd management
and milking practices.


2. He may have employed only a part
of our recommended procedures, and
may still be employing practices which
help to nurture mastitis.
A dairyman voluntarily seeks our ser-
vices in combatting mastitis in his herd,
and our representative calls on him and
makes recommendations as to changes
in procedure which are applicable to his
particular barn set-up so that he may
bring mastitis under control in his herd.
Since we maintain that the solution
to the mastitis problem is good herd
management and correct milking prac-
tices, supplemented by medication when
indicated, the dairyman is given practi-
cal assistance by our representative.
The herd is examined during our
field supervisor's initial visit, and in a
few weeks a re-check is made to deter-
mine what progress has been made. At
this time quarter samples of milk are
collected from those udders which con-


Linue to show infection. These sam-
ples are sent to our laboratory at the
division's headquarters in Lakeland in
order to determine the type of infection
existing in the herd. This laboratory
information is used by the dairyman and
the supervisor in determining the future
procedure in combatting this disease.
Periodic visits are made to determine the
status of the herd and to render any
necessary services to the dairyman.
Due to the results which dairymen
have achieved who have cooperated with
the recommendations of the Board's
Mastitis Control Program, the demands
for our services have so increased that
additional personnel have been. employ-
ed.
When this program was initiated on
September 1, 1948 the director was em-
ployed. In November of the same year
two district supervisors were employed to
take care of the field activities. A bac-
teriologist was also employed to perform
the duties relative to the laboratory
work. Employees have been added until
at the present time there is a total of
16 employees including a director, a sec-
retary, 12 district supervisors, a bacter-
iologist and a laboratory assistant. This
program is under the general supervision
of Doctor J. V. Knapp,
Requests for our services continue to
increase.
Those who wish to place their herds
under the State Live Stock Sanitary
Board's Mastitis Control Program may
contact: Dr. J. V. Knapp, State Veterin-
arian, State Live Stock Sanitary Board,
Drawer 389, Tallahassee, Florida, or Dr.
A. A. McMurray, Director, Mastitis Con-
trol Division, State Live Stock Sanitary
Board, 809 North Kentucky Avenue,
Lakeland. Florida.


FOR APRIL, 1951 23


Prominent Florida Dairyman Passes
HARRY BENSON of Boynton Beach, Florida, long a prominent figure
in the Florida Dairy Industry, died suddenly, Thursday, March 1st at his
home in Boynton Beach.
Mr. Benson came to South Florida in 1901 from Manistee, Michigan. He
served as county commissioner in 1917 for two terms,
was chairman of the Palm Beach County School Board ~v.g.
in the early 1930's, and was chairman of the Florida Milk
Commission for eight years, and was an active member
of the Florida Dairy Industry Association from the time
of its inception.
Mr. Benson, a retired dairyman, was a member and
past president of Boynton Beach Rotary Club, member
of the Masonic Lodge and BPOE Lodge.
He is survived by three sons, Harry Lloyd, Delray
BElch; Clarence R., Boynton Beach, and Barvin T., Fair-
lawn, N. J., a daughter, Mrs. Dorothea Clark, Staten BENSON
Island, N. Y.; Brother, Fred, Boynton Beach, and four
sisters, Mrs. Mamie Dunkley, Boynton Beach, Mrs. Nannie Ruth and Miss
Olga Benson, both of Miami, and Mrs. Mabel Erickson, Detroit, Michigan.
Interrment was at Lake Worth, Florida.









DAIRY NEWS DIGEST



Members of the Dairy Industry throughout the State are invited to please send to
the "Florida Dairy News" all news about dairies, dairying and the good people who
devote their time, talents and money to this great industry.-The Editor.


Hillsborough Leads
Fight On Mastitis
HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY has taken the
lead in the fight against mastitis, one of
the biggest problems facing dairymen
throughout the nation, according to The
Tampa Tribune, C. E. Phillips, associate
director of sanitation for the county
health department announced th at
every dairy in operation in Hillsborough
County has complied with the compul-
sory mastitis control problem, which
went into effect here January 1.
This county is the first in the state
to impose a compulsory program to con-
trol the disease, which affects milk.
The new law serves as a double pro-
tection to the public, and at the same
time will result in the improvement of
dairy herds in the county.
Phillips praised dairymen for "co-
operating fully" with the program,
which already has shown amazing re-
sults.
Phillips credited Dr. A. A. McMurray,
director of Mastitis Control Program for
the state, with organizing the program
here. Working under Dr. J. V. Knapp,
head of the State Livestock Sanitary
Board, Dr. McMurray sent in a staff of
experts to educate dairymen in the be-
nefits of the program.
"Dairies that fail to comply with the
above regulations will not be issued a
permit to operate a dairy producing milk
for Hillsborough County consumption."
Phillips declared.
He said the program must be follow-
ed by dairies outside the. county who
wish to sell their milk in this county. A
number of dairymen in. Pinellas and
Polk Counties who sell milk here have
joined the program.
Phillips released figures showing how
rapidly the program is producing re-
sults. "These figures speak for them-
selves," said Phillips.

Dairy Science Association
To Meet June 5th
DR. R. B. BECKER, Dairy Dept., Uni-
versity of Florida and President of the
American Dairy Science Association has
announced the 1951 Annual Meeting
of the Association to be held June 5, 6,
7 and 8 at the University of Tennessee.
This, the 46th Annual Meeting of the
largest Dairy Science Organization in the


world, is expected to attract an atten-
dance of some 1500 delegates. This
will be the largest meeting of this kind
ever held on the Campus of the Univer-
sity of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee,
according to Dr. C. E. Brehm, President.
While membership in the Association
is composed largely of College specialists
in Dairy Science, it also includes several
hundred scientists and technicians from
the Dairy Industry.


Annual Meeting
Milk Sanitarians
April 11-13-Gainesville
THE 1951 Annual Meeting and Educa-
tional Program of the Florida Milk Sani-
tarians Association is scheduled to be
held April 11, 12 and 13 at the Uni-
versity of Florida Dairy Laboratory,
Gainesville, according to an announce-
ment of Dr. Howard Wilkowske of the.
University Dairy Department Staff and
Secretary of the Association.
Registration begins at 10:00 A.M.,
Wednesday, April llth, at the Dairy
Laboratory Building where all conference
sessions will be held.
The program begins at 1:00 P.M., the
l1th, and continues with afternoon and
evening sessions. On Thursday, the
12th, the meeting will get under way at
9:00 A.M. and continue throughout the
day.
The Annual Banquet Program will be
held the evening of the 12th with the
Florida Dairy Industry Association pro-
viding entertainment.
On Friday morning, the 13th, the pro-
gram continues from 9:00 to 12:00 noon.
Prue Shirley of Tampa, President of
the Association, will act as general pre-
siding officer with Dr. E. L. Fouts, H. H.
Rothe and L. E. Mull assisting.
Dr. J. F. Goodwin will be toastmaster
for the Annual Banquet program.
An outstanding program has been ar-
ranged and a number of prominent au-
thorities are scheduled to speak. Among
these are Mr. Bill Bryant, Johnson &
Johnson Co., Montgomery, Michigan;
Mr. C. F. Weinreich, Cherry-Burrell Cor-
poration, Chicago; Mr. W. E. Boatwright,
Rohn & Haas Co., Philadelphia; and Mr.
N. S. Carlson, DeLaval Separator Co.,
Charlotte, N. C.
Dairymen and Plant representatives as
well as Sanitarians are invited.


Alabama Bred Jersey Cow Wins
National Honors At Dallas Show
AN ALABAMA high-bred Jersey cow,
Blond Air's Susie of Dutch Bend Farm
inl Autauga county, Alabama, was named
National Grand Champion at the All
American Jersey Show in Dallas, Texas,
recently. In addition to winning the
national championship, Susie won eight
state championships and together with
three of her half sisters won the Get of
Sire Class at the Dallas Show.
Blond Aim's Susie is a credit to the
state of Alabama and to the entire South.
Her record reflects some of the progress
this section of the country is making in
dairying.

Florida Dairymen Receive
American Jersey Club Rating
TEN REGISTFi.RED Jerseys in the herd
owned by Frank L. DeBord and Son,
Quincy, Florida, were recently classified
under a program of the American Jersey
Cattle Club. The classification rated the
animals for type, comparing them against
the breed's score of 100 points for a per-
fect animal.
This classification was for all previous-
ly unclassified females that have had at
least one calf and for all bulls over two
years old. They were rated by Paul
Jackson of Wilmington, Ohio, an offi-
cial classifier for the club, which has its
national headquarters in Columbus,
Ohio.
Of the 10 animals, 4 animals scored
Very Good, and 6 Good Plus. The
classification program sponsored by The
American Jersey Cattle Club is designed
to help breeders of registered Jerseys
improve their cattle by knowing which
ones come closest to the breed's standard
of perfection.
Twenty-six registered Jerseys in the
herd owned by George G. Sixma, Lake
Helen, Florida, were recently similarly
classified under the, program of the
American Jersey Cattle Club with the
following ratings:
Six animals were ranked as Very
Good, 13 Good Plus, and 7 Good.
The herd of registered Jersey cattle
owned by J. K. Stuart of Bartow, Florida
were also recently classified under the
program of the American Jersey Cattle
Club for the first time with the fol-
lowing excellent rating:
Fifteen animals scored Very Good, 16
Good Plus, 6 Good, and 3 Fair, to give
the herd an average score of 82.88 per
cent.

TOMMY: "Aw, you're afraid to fight!"
Jimmie: "Naw, but if I fight my
Mom'll find out and spank me."
T.: How'll she find out?"
J.: She'll see the doctor going into your
house."


24 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS






Holmes County Dairymen
And Cattlemen Meet
A SPECIAL DAIRY program was held for
Holmes County dairy and cattlemen on
March 13 at Westville Schoolhouse ac-
cording to County Agent Stuart C. Bell.
The program included talks by the fol-
lowing specialists from the Agricultural
Extension Service: "Looking Ahead to
Winter Feed Supplies," by J. Lee Smith,
Dist. Agent; "How to Establish and
Manage," J. R. Henderson, Extension
Agronomist; "Herd Management and
Milk Production," C. W. Reaves, Ex-
tension Dairyman; and "Supply and De-
mand for Feed," D. E. Timmons, Mar-
keting Specialist.

'Squire of Pensuko'
ERNEST GRAHAM of Pensuko (Hialeah)
has a new title, "The Squire of Pensuko."
which he says is better than that of
"Governor." It will be remembered that
Ernest, a past President of the Dairy In-
dustry Association, and two-term State
Senator from Miami, was near-successful
candidate for Governor at the time of the
election of Governor Millard Caldwell.
The editor of the Orlando Sentinel
has made up such a neat story about
Ernest Graham, which re entitled "The
Squire of Pensuko," that the Dairy News
considers it worthy of reprinting. See
it in the "June Dairy News."

Mr. Harry Benson Dies
THE RECENT sudden passing of Harry Ben-
son, Boynton Beach, came as a shock to
his many friends throughout Florida.
Harry Benson was interested and active
on behalf of the welfare of the Florida
Dairy Industry and at the time of his
death, had a reservation for attendance
at the Association's meeting to be held
but a few days later. His long service
and devotion to the Industry in which he
spent most of his life was recognized
and appreciated by all who knew him.

Price Stabilization Parley
A JOINT COMMITTEE of the Florida Dairy
Industry Association and the Florida Milk
Commission conferred recently with ol-
ficials of the Federal Price Stabilization
regional office in Atlanta and the na-
tional offices in Washington. Some fur-
ther understanding of the Federal price
freeze order was obtained but depend-
able interpretations of what can and
what cannot be done under this order
are still practically unobtainable.

Solomon Breaks Arm
SAM SOLOMON, SR., Quincy, is recuperat-
ing from a broken arm. We hear he is
up and around and improving satisfac-
torily.


I. .
,1.

Don Fuqua, Altia, Fla. (Callhoun County) president of Florida Association, Future
Farmers of America, is shown above (right) receiving a plaque awarded by national l
Dairy Products Co. and Sotuhern Dairies, Inc., at the 1950 Annual Banquet of the
Florida FFA, held at the University of Florida. The award was for "Superior Achieve-
ment" in FFA Dairying in Florida.


Jacksonville Figure is
Named to National Board
BRADY S. JOHNSToN, Chairman of F.D.I.A.
Public Relations Committee, has been ap-
pointed a member of the Public Rela-
tions Committee of the Milk Industry
Foundation and Ch'iirman ol the 1951
June Dairy Month Program Committee
for Florida. Brady recently attended the
first meeting of the Milk Industry Foun-
dation Committee held in New York
City.

Honored by Tampa Times
W\ILLIA\M EDWARD FERTIC, JR., son of 1\ir.
and Mrs. W. E. Fertic of Hillsborough
County, was recently nominated as one
of the County's outstanding future dairy-
men by the Tampa Daily Times.
On Feb. 19, young Mr. Fertic was a-
warded plaques and prizes as a district
winner in the State 4-H Dairy Efficiency
Contest-for the second year in, success-
ion! His latest awards were earned for
outstanding work in dairy and pasture
development.
Hillsborough County-and the Florida
Dairy Industry-are proud of the young
dairyman's exceptional accomplishments.


Likes Low-Fat Milk
TiHE FOLLOWING NEWS item appeared in
a Florida newspaper: "We sampled the
new low fat fresh milk now on the mar-
ket, locally-and so help us it is good.
The stuff is supposed to give you the
pleasure of drinking milk, without ad-
ding those nice comfortable pounds.
When we first heard of it, we thought
that it was just Blue John milk under
a new name, but apparently, old mama
cow wouldn't even recognize it as her
product-but it still tastes good."


West Palm Beach Sale

A GROWING INTEREST in the possibilities
for cattle raising and dairying in Palm
Beach County was reported by a West
Palm Beach real estate dealer as he
disclosed the purchase by Dudley Kir-
ton, owner of Kirton's Dairy, of 1,652
acres of land. "Mr. Kirton" one of the
larger wholesale milk producers of the
county according to the Palm Beach
Post, "intends to begin improving the
tract at once with some of the new pas-
ture grasses that have proved successful
in this area."


FOR APRIL, 195 1 25


IL ISp SN IP V %i (: "I


DAIRY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT

TAMPA AND OR L A N D O, FLORIDA










a e. H. T A, Presie

MRS. H. B. THOMAS, President


Interesting Ladies Program Planned for Annual Meeting
IF YOU HAVE NEVER been to St. Petersburg, the Annual Meeting in June will be fine
time for you to experience that pleasure, and if you have been there before you won't
need any urging to go again. Therefore, a record attendance at our Ladies' Auxiliary
affairs at the Annu-
al Meeting is prac- tion. Rigid sanitary codes, too, are set
tically certain. up by local, state, and federal authorities.
Add to this the Does all ice cream contain air?
fact that Mrs. C. Yes. Purified air is whipped into ice
Ray Johnson, Chair- cream during the freezing process to pre-
man, and members vent a soggy unpleasant product.
of the local recep- Is ice cream a "high-calorie" dessert?
tion and arrange- I Not at all? An average dish of vanilla
ments committee for 'ik ice cream yields about 200 calories. Oth-
the ladies special ac- MRS. JOHNSON er favorite desserts are much more un-
tivities are already pleasant about calories.
on the job. Members of the Committee, Enjoy ice cream-and peace of mind!
in addition to Mrs. Johnson, are Mrs.
Chas. Landreth, Mrs. John Hood, Mrs. Recipes
Emmett Hood, Mrs. Lester W. Slye, Mrs. Ice Cream Pie
Russell Bevan, Mr. L. H. Sellers, Mrs. E. I qt. ice cream
L. Reagan, and Mrs. E. M. Mora. 3 cups finely crumbled ginger cookies
Mrs. Johnson writes that te activities 6 tbsp. finely chopped almonds or pecans
Mrs. Johnson writes that the activities 6 tabsp. sugar
the committee is planning for the ladies a 1/2 cup melted butter
boat trip, an interesting luncheon and 1/4 cup light cream
sight seeing in Tarpon Springs (world's Mix cookie crumbs with nuts, sugar,
largest sponge market) sightseeing trips butter, and cream. Take out 3/4 cup
to St. Petersburg's interesting beaches and and set aside. Pat the rest firmly into
gulf coast island drive, shopping, and par- bottom and around sides of an 8-inch
ticipation in the regular convention func- pie plate and chill thoroughly. Fill with
tions for the men and women together. ice cream and sprinkle with reserved
Mrs. H. B. Thomas, President, advises crumbs over the top. You may line, an
that she is planning a regular Ladies ice cube tray with the crumbs, fill with
Auxiliary Annual Business Meeting with ice cream and keep in the freezing com-
an interesting program such as those we apartment until ready to serve. A plain
have enjoyed at the previous Annual chocolate cookie crumb crust is also good
Meetings, and any suggestions as to year for ice cream pie and is simpler to make
round activities of the Auxiliary should and often better liked by the children.
be presented at that time. Strawberry-Milk Drinks
1/2 cup of crushed strawberries in 1/2
cup of milk, mixed thoroughly makes a
About Ice Cream delicious fruit drink.
IS ICE CREAM A NUTRITIOUS FOOD? One pint of crushed strawberries and
Yes. It furnishes all the nutrients of 1/2 cup of sugar in a quart of butter-
milk, though in different proportions. milk is another good way to serve a dif-
How do ice cream and milk compare ferent and tasty drink.
in food value?
Roughly speaking, a dish of ice cream Special Notice to the Ladies
(2/3 cup) gives about the same food SEVERAL PAMPHLETS and booklets of reci-
value as one-half glass of milk. Some pes especially prepared for the use of dai-
values are lower. Some are higher-par- ry products are available through the
ticularly energy value and vitamin A. Association office. A postcard request to
Eating ice cream is a pleasant way to your Secretary, Mrs. E. T. Lay, 220
"get nutrition". Newnan St., Jacksonville, will bring them
Is the making of ice cream regulated to you promptly.
by law? Help build good will for dairy prod-
While the best guarantee of the quality ucts by distributing one or more of these
of ice cream is the integrity of the manu- booklets to your friends and at ladies
legal standards for ice cream composi- group meetings.


4uxditla r



Edited by MRS. E. T. LAY, Secretary


w-

Mr. and Mrs. Earl Johnson-Dinsmore
Dairy, Jacksonville . westt newlyweds
of the Florida Dairy Industry as seen by
the Dairy NewIs candid camera at the
Annual 4-H Club Banquet, Orlando, Feb.


26 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS


Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Baillie,
Attend 4-H Dairy Show
MRS. ERNEST R. GRAHAM of Hialeah at-
tended the Orlando 4-H Dairy Show with
Mr. Graham and son, Robert, who exhib-
ited his champion registered Guernsey.
Mrs. Graham was the second President of
the Ladies Auxiliary of F.D.I.A.











MRS. GRAHAM MRS. BAILLIE
MRS. DAVE BAILLIE of Ocala attended the
Orlando 4-H Club Dairy Show, Feb. 19,
with Mr. Baillie who is County Farm
Agent of Marion County and an Advisory
Member of the Florida Dairy Industry
Association.

Mrs. DuPuis Attends
Meeting in Orlando
MRS. JOHN G. DuPuIs, Jr. of Miami was
caught by the Dairy News candid camera
in Orlando recently while attending a
joint luncheon of
the Dairy Industry
Association and the
State Live Stock San-
itary Board with
John, who is Chair-
man of the Live
Stock Sanitary
Board.
Mrs. DuPuis, who
MRS. DuPuis attended many As-
sociation meetings
last year while her husband was presi-
dent, is an enthusiastic booster for the
Ladies Auxiliary and thinks all Dairy
wives should attend the Dairy meetings
with their husbands, especially the An-
nual Meeting.







Dairy Lady of the Month:

MRS. NORA SOLOMON
NOTE: Ladies Auxiliary members are invited to Iseni to your Secretary, nominations for future selection.


THE LADIES AUXILIARY officers have se-
lected Mrs. Nora Solomon, Quincy,
Florida, as "Dairy Lady of the Month"
for this issue of "Florida Dairy News"
and for a number of good reasons as
will be seen in the following brief sketch
of her many interests and activities.
Mrs. Solomon is
the wife of Sam H.
Solomon, Sr., owner
of Solomon's Dairy,
Quincy, who served
two terms as Presi-
dent of the Florida
Dairy Products Asso-
ciation.
This picture o f
IMRs SOLOxMON Mrs. Solomon was
t;ken in the office of the Dairy Industry
Association in Jacksonville where she and
Sam often visit when in jacksonville.
Mrs. Solomon was born and reared in
North Carolina, studied and graduated as
a nurse and was married at Salisbury,
N. C. Her family consists of three sons
and two daughters, all of whom were
reared on the Solomon Dairy farm three
miles from Quincy. All three sons are in
the )airy business. Her youngest daugh-
ter's husband is manager of the Solo-
m1ion farm.
In addition to devotion to the complex
duties of being a wonderful mother,
grandmother of six children and as wife
and helper to a busy and successful Dairy-
man, Mrs. Solomon has found time to
serve in prominent places of leadership
in business, civic, church and fraternal
activities.
She is an active member of the Meth-
odist Church, Woman's Club, Garden
Club and Eastern Star and Daughters of
the Nile. She is a Past Grand Esther of
the Eastern Star and is Grand Represen-
tative of Grand Chapter, O.E.S. of Ala-
baman to the Grland Chapter, O.E.S. of
Florida. She has an almost perfect score
for attendance at Florida Dairy Conven-
tions and has attended many national
conventions of the Dairy Industry and
Fraternal Organizations in which she and
Sam are active.
Nora says she loves reading all good
magazines and is especially fond of Amer-
ican history. She has made a special
study of the life of Abraham Lincoln.
Her special flowers are camellias, her fa-
vorite art (couldn't you have guessed it)
. landscape pictures, especially those in-
cluding a dairy pasture scene with hand-
some cows and green pastures.
"Certainly," she says, "I will see you


all at the Annual Meeting in St. Peters-
burg, June 13."


Meals Need Never
Be Ordinary
THE SIMPLEST DISH can be appealing to
the eye, delicious to the taste. Even
humble milk toast is no ordinary affair
when it is a picture of delicate golden
brownness with melting yellow butter
floating in hot milk. Art in food-and
elsewhere-is lovely, useful simplicity.
No nutritionally sound meal delivers
food values until it is eaten! Good cook-
ing, interesting contrasts in flavors and
textures, are marketing tools. Use them
skillfully. Make the most of color
combinations. Tender green peas and
yellow whole kernel corn! Delicate
sprinkles of green parsley on creamed
potatoes! Tiny slivers of green chives in
creamy white cottage cheese! Crisp gold-
en croutons floating on cream of tomato
soup! Don't be fancy. Just take pains
with every dish-with every meal! The
reward-a family who enjoy simple,
wholesome foods.

New Bulletins Available on Gar-
denias, Camillias, Citrus Fruits
THE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SER-
VICE, University of Florida, has just an-
nounced four new informational bulle-
tins available free, as follows:
142. Camellia Growing. A revised edi-
tion. Describes kinds, propogation.,
planting fertilization and culture. pests
and their control.
143. Household Insects and Their Col-
trol. Principal household insects can
now be controlled satisfactorially through
the use of new organic insecticides.
144. Preserving Florida Citrus Fruits.
Gives uses, nutritional value, processes
and recipes for conserving various kinds
of citrus fruits.
145. Gardenias in Florida. Offers
complete discussions on varieties, pro-
pagation, culture, diagnosing ills, and
diseases, pests and their control.
Requests for copies may be mailed to:
Agricultural Extension. Service, Univer-
sity of Florida, Gainesville. Florida.

MRS. DR. E. L. FOUTS of Gainesville is re-
ported back home and continuing to inm-
prove after several weeks of serious ill-
ness at the Alachua Hospital, Gainesville.

ADVERTISE in Florida Dairy News to reach
99% of the industry.


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FOR APRIL, 1951 27











Florida Legislature Convenes June 3



for Sixty-Day Biennial Session



Florida Dairy Industry Association Tallahassee Address and Information Headquarters during the Legis-
lature, April 3 to June 2, will be: 100 South Meridian St., corner E. College & Meridian, Phones 2-5901
and 2-8659.





THE SUCCESSFUL functioning of the legislature depends largely upon the leader-

ship and teamwork of three leaders: The Governor, the President of the Senate,
and the speaker of the House.
The Governor . addresses a joint session ol the House and Senate upon the conven-
ing of the Legislature, reporting on the affairs of the State and submitting a recommended
legislative program . .He has veto power over any legislation passed unless both Houses vote
a two-thirds majority to
override the veto. to.
The President of the Sen-
ate...presides over the Sen-
ate... appoints all Senate 4.F .4

The Speaker of the House
presides over the House of
S. Representatives and ap-
points all Committees of I
GOVERNOR WARREN the House.



MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE


County Representative
Alachua ............ Ralph Turlington
W. E. Whitlock
Baker ................. B. R. Burnsed
Bay .............. Grady W. Courtney
Joseph I. Mathis
Bradford. .......... Doyle E. Conner
Brevard.......Wm. G. (Bill) Akridge
0. L. Burton
Broward............ .John S. Burwell
Thos. E. (Ted) David
Calhoun............W ilson L. Bailey
Charlotte.........John M. Hathaway
Citrus............... Francis Williams
Clay..................S. D. Saunders
Collier .. .............. D. C. Jones
Columbia ......D. H. (Bill) Hammons
Dade................George S. Okell
Dante B. Fascell
Robert L. Floyd
DeSoto ...................S. C. Smith
D ixie.................... K G riner
Duval ................. Mabry Carlton
Claude Smith
Fletcher Morgan
Escambia.... ...... A. Morley Darby
Webb C. Jernigan
Flagler...................H T. Cook
Franklin................ B. G. Patton
Gadsden ............. E. B. McFarland
Bill Inman
Gilchrist .........Howell E. Lancaster
Glades. ..... ...... J. H. Peeples, Jr.
Gulf ....... .......George G. Tapper
Hamilton .............J. W. McAlpin
Hardee ...... .........H. L. Chambers
Hendry .............Elbert L. Stewart
Hernando ........... S. Travis Phillips
Highlands ..........Miss Edna Pearce
Hillshorough ........ James S. Moody
Tom J. Johnson, Jr.
Francis St. Clair Pittman
Holmes............. Harvie J. Belser
Indian River........Alex MacWilliam
Jackson. ................. Hugh Dukes
John L. McFarline, Jr.
Jefferson ........Richard H. Simpson
Lafayette...........Homer T. Putnal


Lake.....................J. A Boyd
C. E. Duncan
Lee..................... Ernest Mitts
Frank B. Watson, Jr.
Leon................. Davis Atkinson
John Ward Henderson
Levy................ D. P. McKenzie
Liberty. ..............Glenn Summers
Madison.......... T. C. Merchant, Jr.
Manatee................ Ben Fuqua
Joe Bill Rood
Marion............. C. Farris Bryant
Willard Ayers
Martin. .......... Marvin H. Rowell
Monroe.............. Bernie C. Papy
Nassau............. L. A. McKendree
Okaloosa..........Ferrin C. Campbell
Okeechobee ...........W. J. Hendry
Orange..........Edward R. Kirkland
Charles O. Andrews, Jr.
Osceola..................Irlo Bronson
Palm Beach........John E. Bollinger
B. Elliott
Pasco ........... Brooks E. Payne, Jr.
Pinellas................ B. E. Shaffer
Donald McLaren
Win. C. Cramer
Polk......... ...... ..... Roy Surles
Lisle W. Smith
Perry E. Murray
Putnam. ............. Thos. B. Dowda
St. Johns ..........F. Charles Usina
Charles E. Shepperd
St. Lucie. .... D. H. (Banty) Saunders
Santa Rosa ......Woodrow M. Melvin
Sarasota...................J. D. Tate
James A. Haley
Seminole ....... M. B. (T-Bone) Smith
Volie A. Williams, Jr.
Sumter............J. C. Getzen, Jr.
Suwannce ....... .Joseph C. Jacobs
Taylor.................Gus J. Dekle
Union................C. A. Roberts
Volusia................Thos. T. Cobb
James H. Sweeny, Jr.
Wakulla ............ George Nesmith
Walton............ Thos. D. Beasley
Washington...............Jeff Webb


WALLACE STURGIS
President of the Senate


B. ELLIOTT
Speaker of the House


MEMBERS OF THE SENATE
Distrit Smnaor Counties Address
1 Newman C.. Brackin ....Santa Rosa & Okaloosa .............. Crestview
2 Philip 1. Beall........ Escambia .............. ............. Pensacola
3 Johnnie Wright .........Walton & Homes.............DeFuniak Springs
4 Amos Lewis............ Jackson ................................ Marianna
5 Luther C. Tucker...... Liberty, Franklin & Wakulla...... Crawfordville
6 Dewey M. Johnson ....Gadsden.................................Quincy
7 Harry E. King......... Polk ............................W inter Haven
8 LeRoy Collins......... Leon ................................ Tallahassee
9 Joseph E. Johnston, Jr.Hernando & Citrus. ................ Brooksville
10 W T. Davis........... Madison & Taylor.................... Madison
1I Henry S. Baynard...... Pinellas ........................ St. Petersburg
12 Evans Crary............. Martin St. Lucie & Indian River......... .Stuart
13 R. B. (Bunn) Gautier..Dadde.....................................M iami
14 J. W afford Lindler..... Columbia ........................... Lake City
15 Charley E. Johns....... Bradford & Union ...................... Stake
16 A. G. McArthur....... Nassau ..... ......... .......... ...... Fernandina
17 G. Warren Sanche .....n Suwannee, Hamilton & Lafa~ette..... Live Oak
18 W ayne E. Ripley....... Du al.............................. Jacksonville
19 J. B. Rodgers, Jr.... ...Orange ........................ W inter Garden
20 Wallace E. Sturgis..... Marion .............. .................... Ocala
21 J. Min Ayers............ Levy, Gilclrist & Dixie................ Trenton
22 S. 1). Clarke ............ Jefferson .............. .... ........ Monticello
23 J. Edwin Baker. ...... .ake. ................... ............... Umatilla
24 James A. Franklin...... Monroe, Lee, Collier & Hendry........ Ft. Myers
25 Olin G. Shivers........ Washington, Bay, Calhoun & Gulf...... Chipley
26 B. C Pearce ........... iPutnam ........................... ..... Palatka
27 James W. Moore .......Hardec, DeSoto, Glades 8& Highlands.....Sebring
28 E. W illiam Gautier ..... Volusia.................... New Smyrna Beach
29 J. Slater Smith, Jr...... Clay & Baker...............Green Cove Springs
30 Geo. W. I.eaird ....... Broward ........................Ft. Lauderdale
31 Verle A. Pope..........St. Johns & Flagler. ................St. Augustine
32 W A. Shands ..........Alachua .............................. Gainesville
33 N. Ray Carroll ........ Osceola and Okeechobee.............Kissimmee
34 John Branch........... Hillsborough ............................ Tampa
35 Russell 0. Morrow .... Panl Beach ..................... W. Palm Beach
36 F. Onell Rogells ....... Manatee, Sarasota & Charlotte ......... Palmetto
37 Lloyd F. Boyle.........Seminole & Brevard....................Sanford
33 Geo. C. Da ton.........Pasco & Sumter.....................Dade City


28 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS







Chairmen Discuss'51 Objectives

The Florida Dairy Industry Association functions Ihrough 20 standing commnittees
with a total conmnilttee membershi/) of over 200oo. In the February issue of the
Dairy News 10 of these Committee Chairmen outlined the duties and programs
of their respective comnilttees. Outlined below are similar statements b) the Ie-
maining 10 Committee Chairmen.


THE ANNUAL DAIRY FI.EL) DAY COM-
MITTEE: Herman Burnett, Bradenton,
Chairman- the purpose and program of
this committee is to: serve as co-sponsor
of the Annual Dairy Field D)a Progr:am
in co-operation with the College of Agri-
culture, University of Florida, held in-
Gainesville; Cooperate closely with the
College of Agriculture in planning the
program and other arrangements for the
Annual Field Day Program: Promote
interest in and attendance at the Annual
Field Day on the part of the Dairymen
of Florida; Have charge of registration,
entertainment features, arrangement de-
tai's and program for the Annual Field
Day Dinner; Assist in the promotion
of local Dairy Field Day Programs where
these are locally desired.









J-

BURNETT HARMAN

MILK PRODUCTION COMMITTEE: Bill Har-
man, Gainesville, Chairman--The ob-
jectives of the Milk Production Commit-
tee are to consider Milk Production Prob-
lems in Florida to the end that assistance
may be provided Florida Dairymen in
producing a greater volume of milk, a
better quality milk and in producing
milk more economically. Cooperate with
various research, training, inspection and
regulatory agencies in their efforts to
improve the Florida milk supply and me-
thods and techniques of efficient milk
production; cooperate, with the Univer-
sity of Florida in the promotion and
planning of the Annual Herdsmen Short
Course sponsored by the University; co-
operate with youth training programs
in dairying, such as the 4-H Clubs and
Future Farmers.


DAIRY HUSBANDRY COMMITTEE: V. C.
Johnson, Jacksonville, Chairman.-Our
committee endeavors, so far as possible,
to learn of the latest and best informa-
tion pertaining to Dairy Herd breeding,
feeding, herd improvement, disease pre-
vention and control, improved herd man-
agement methods, etc., and to relay this


information as far as possible, to the
members ol thL' Association. To cooper-
ate closely with the Live Stock Sanitary
Board, with Public Health Officials, the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
and College of Agriculture Staff, the
State Department of Agriculture, Florida
Veterinarians and all who are concerned
with the improvement of Florida Dairy
animals and dairy herds.


JOHNSON MALONE


PASTURE DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE: Joe
Malone, Monticello, Jefferson County
Agricultural Agent, Chairman.-Realiz-
ing the great importance which proper
and adequate pastures have in tlhe pro-
gram of any successful Dairy Farm opera-
tion, this Committee has been asked to
give special attention to the best grasses
and best methods of pasture development
in the various soil and climatic condi-
tions of Florida and cooperate with and
assist, if possible, the pasture research
and experimental work of the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station.


LONG RANGE DAIRY PLANNING COMMIT-
TEE: John DuPuis, Jr., Miami, Chair-
man, Wilmer Bassett, Vice-Chairman-
This is sponsored jointly by the Dairy
Association and the Dairy Extension Ser-
vice of the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture. Mr. Clarence Reaves, Florida Ex-
tension Dairyman, is Secretary of the
Committee. The objective is to bring
together all agencies having to do with


DuPuis LEE


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FOR APRIL, 1 95 1 29





the Florida Dairy Industry; to give care-
ful consideration to basic conditions,
needs, and trends inl the Dairy Industry,
looking to the possible adoption of
sound industry wide policies and prac-
tices.
COMMITTEE ON DAIRY STANDARDS, REG-
ULATIONS AND INSPECTION: T. G. Lee,
Orlando, Chairman-The special pur-
pose of our committee is to cooperate
with the Agricultural Department and
various State, City and County Health
Departments in connection with the
adoption and enforcement of sanitary
and health standards in milk and milk
products production and processing.









SITY OF
FLORIDA
C 0 M At I T-
T E E: Alf
R. Nielsen,
West Palm
Beac h,
NEILSEN Chairman-
-Our committee has as its objective to
keep informed concerning the work of
our state University in all its program
and particularly that of the College of
Agriculture Dairy training and re-
search and service department.
Our aim being to advise with and as-
sist those in charge of these highly im-
portant programs to the end that the
greatest possible training and aid is pro-
vided the growing Dairy Industry of
Florida.

EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS COMMITTEE:
To give special consideration to le-
gislation, regulation, organization acti-
vities and all matters in this field which
concern the Florida Dairy Industry. To
encourage the adoption of policies and
practices in employment relations on
the part of the membership designed
to encourage friendly and harmonious
relations between them and their em-
ployees.

MILK AND ICE CREAM PLANT COMMITTEE:
Dr. Guy Crews, Tampa, Chairman-The
plant Committee devotes its attention
to the problems of plant operation. A
special activity is our sponsorship and
promotion with the Dairy Laboratory of
the University of Florida of an Annual
4-day short course in Dairy Processing
and Manufacturing. The Committee
sponsors the publishing of the proceed-
ings of this course as a "Special Plant
Manual."


Veterinary Committee:


Discusses Herd Problems

The I'eterinary Committee of the Association desires to be of service to Florida Dairymen through dis-
cussion in this column of any Dairy Herd problems submitted which are of general interest. Submit your
questions to the Editor, FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS. Dr. Karl Owens of Gainesville, Chairman of the committee
will assign the questions to some member of the Committee to answer.


This Month's Questions:
1. How to prevent growth of horns?
2. Is vibrio foetus a serious threat?
The answers are by Dr. Jas. G. Fish of
Jacksonville who was first chairman of
the Veterinary Committee.

Q With the use of high production
sires and also artificial insemina-
tion, the raising of calves on dairy
farms has increased in recent years and
Dairymen are interested in the best way
of preventing the growth of horns on
the cattle they are raising. What is
recommended as the most satisfactory
way of handling this problem?

A Dr. Fish: "Preventing the growth
of horns on cattle must start when
the calf is a few weeks old.
Two methods are in use around here.
The first and positive method is the
use of a horn gouge. This instrument
cuts the horn out of the head leaving a
clean wound with no other treatment
necessary but the use of screw worm
control methods.
The second is the use of a dehorning
paste which is also a very satisfactory
method to remove the horns from calves.
Here the dehorning paste is applied
when the calf is about one week old.
Care must be used to guard the paste
from destroying other tissue than the


horn button.
This is the big issue: the removal of
horns is essential for the health and
contentment of a dairy herd. Note the
large sum of money spent in mastitis
control and the many udder injuries
caused from horns."
Q Is vibrio foetus a serious threat to
the breeding and calf-raising
program in Florida? Have means
been developed of detecting its presence
in the herd and how can vibrio foetus
be prevented? What treatments are
used in curing this disease?
A Dr. Fish: "The presence of Vibrio
foetus infection in dairy cattle has
not been reported in Florida. It is
likely that this infection is quite wide-
spread and that the establishment of
additional brucellosis-free herds will
uncover more vibrionic abortion.
At the present time this disease is not
a serious threat to the. breeding and
calf raising program in Florida. A well-
equipped modern veterinary laboratory
is necessary for the detection of this dis-
ease. It is prevented from spreading
by prompt laboratory diagnosis; made
from the stomach contents of the fetus
and fetal fluids and incorporating all
sanitary measures.
This is just another reason that the
dairy industry of Florida must demand
a new, modern and well equipped ve-
terinary laboratory for the University of
Florida at Gainesville.


SBassett Elected
S CURRY J. BASSETT, Gen. Mgr., Bassett
Dairies, Inc., Tallahassee, was elected
president of the Florida Independent
.. ., Salesmanagers Association at the organi-
0 nations' Annual Meeting held at Talla-
S .' hassee and Wakulla Springs, January
CREWS BASSETT 24th. Mr. Bassett succeeds George Bout-
well of Lake Worth as President.
PLANT COST AND ACCOUNTING COMMIT- About forty representatives of inde-
TEE: Curry Bassett, Tallahassee, Chair- pendent Florida Dairy Plants attended
man-Our committee endeavors to ac- the all day program consisting of dis-
quaint ourselves with the latest and most cussions and talks on accounting, cost
successful Dairy Cost and Accounting comparison, quality control and sales.
systems and procedures; to encourage Charles S. Coble of Plantation Dairies,
the members of the Association to stan- Inc., Miami, addressed the group on
dardize their record and accounting Sales. E. T. Lay, Jacksonville, Executive
systems so as to make possible accurate Director of the Florida Dairy Industry
cost comparisons; and also sponsors an Association spoke at the Annual Dinner
annual one-day Cost and Accounting held at Wakulla Springs.
Conference making available to the Other officers elected were: James H.
membership expert training and counsel Hendrie, Miami, Vice-President, R. B'.
on this subject. Wills, Orlando, Secretary-Treasurer.


30 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS








NEWS


DIGEST


National 4-H Club Week
No "RED" BAIT . Some 26,000 Florida
farm youngsters have been busy these
last few days observing National 4-H
Club Week, which was proclaimed for
the week of March 5-10 by President
Truman and the Governors of the 48
States.
This year's observance was dedicated to
thrift and better world understanding.
By thrift the 4-H'ers understand a lot
of things-not the least being soil con-
servation. These youngsters with their
prize heifers and fancy pigs, their poul-
try and their gardens are realists when
it comes to knowing that neither Com-
munism nor any other strange ideology
can replace the right to have and to hold
a piece of earth and what that means for
the progress and the happiness of human
kind. No Communist bait, these 4-H
boys and girls!

Florida Milk Production
FLORIDA, for the first time last year,
squirted enough milk into the pails of
its own dairies to produce all the fluid
milk that was consumed within its
borders, according to the Orlando Sen-
tinel.
In fact, Florida and such other South-
ern states as Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama.
have scored such great gains in milk
production in the last ten years that the
Wall Street Journal devoted a first page
story telling of the remarkable advance
of the dairy industry in the South.

Miami Heart Campaign
VOLUNTEER MILKMEN collected more than
60,000 heart-shaped dime banks, from
Miami house wives distributed for the
Miami Heart Association to the Greater
Miami area by 400 route salesmen re-
presenting the Dade County Dairy In-
dustry. W. C. Tinsley, operator of the
Miami Dairy Equipment Co., said the
milkmen distributed the banks for the
heart group last year but that it was
the first time the milkmen had handled
the collection of funds for such a cam-
paign.

A FLORIDA newspaperman observed the
following sign on the side of a car driven
by an employee of a Florida Dairy
Company:
"Sour Cream Made Fresh Daily."


Future Farmer Week Was
Observed in February
THE WEEK of February 17 was observed
as Florida Future Farmers of America
week, under a proclamation by Governor
Warren.
In setting aside this time for Florida's
"little farmers", the Governor recognized
the importance of an organization 7,000
strong which has already made itself felt
in the development of Florida's basic in-
dustry, agriculture.
Florida has 139 Future Farmer Chap-
ters in 55 counties, and each is devoted to
the improvement of farming practices and
the expansion of agricultural knowledge.
So broad has been this vocational agricul-
ture program that Florida has ioo,ooo for-
mer members within its borders.
In his proclamation, the Governor said
the purposes of FFA "are to develop lead-
ership, encourage co-operation, promote
good citizenship, teach sound methods of
farming and inspire patriotism among
the members."
Warren added that the FFA performs
"valuable community services and pro-
vides important leadership in developing
our agricultural economy and in building
a better State."

Best Wishes to the Karl Schmidts
A RESOLUTION expressing the best wishes
of the Board of Directors of the Florida
Dairy Industry Association to Mr. and
Mrs. Karl Schmidt upon their removal to
Houston, Texas, was adopted at the last
meeting of the Board. Karl, who was
Foremost Dairies' Jacksonville Plant Man-
ager, was elected a member of the Associa-
tion Board of Directors and Chairman of
the Public Relations Committee for 1950-
51. Karl moved to Houston to become
manager of the new Plant.

Mr. Newcomer Dies in Miami
THE FLORIDA DAIRY INDUSTRY lost
another of its members by death, Mr.
E. M. Newcomer, owner of the Nu-Palm
Dairy, Miami. Mr. Newcomer was 64,
had come to Miami 15 years ago from
Newburg, Iowa.



CLASSIFIED ADS
DAIRY EMPLOYMENT WANTED
MANAGER of milk and ice cream plants is avail-
able for location in Florida. Trained and ex-
perienced. Is recommended by Illinois Dairy Pro-
ducts Ass'n. Box A Fla. Dairy News, Jacksonville.
DAIRY AUDITOR & ACCOUNTANT well ex-
perienced in Dairy plant operations, is available
for a connection in Florida either with one or a
combination of plants desiring uniform accounting
procedures. Familiar with Milk Industry Foun-
dation auditing system. Box B Fla. Dairy News,
Jacksonville.
DAIRY FARM MANAGER available. Well trained
and experienced in both small and large Dairy
Farm management. High record with DHIA. Box
C, Fla. Dairy News, Jacksonville.


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FOR A P R I L 1 9 5 1 31


















The Florida (;uernsey Cattle Club reelected most of its officers, and saw' V. C.
Johnson of Dins.more Farn receive the first Sargeant trophy for be.st-producing (Guern-
sey, in Florida, at its annual meeting held in Tlampa February 2. Officers in panel
at left are, left to right, front row, Vice President Earl Johnson, President John Sar-
geant, Secretary John Henry Logan, Honorary Director Dr. Roberto Paragon,
rear row, IV. A. Boutwell, Sr., L. H. Sellers, T. Stin Haselton, R. R. Jennings. Right
panel shows V. C. Johnson, center receiving trophy from. Joe Sargeant as C. IV.
Reaves of the Florida Extension Service looks on.


Guernsey Breeders Meet in


During Florida State Fair


JOHN SARGEANT of Lakeland was again
elected president of the Florida Guernsey
Cattle Club at its annual meeting in
Tampa February 2 which also featured
award of the Sargeant Trophy for best-
producing Guernsey cow in Florida to
Dinsmore Farms of Jacksonville.
Earl A. Johnson of Jacksonville was
elected vice president, and John Henry
Logan of Largo secretary-treasurer, while
directors are W. A. Boutwell, Sr., of Lake
Worth, R. R. Jennings of Jacksonville,
E. F. Staunton of Chipley, L. H. Sellers
of St. Petersburg, C. L. Ward of Winter
Park and T. Stin Haselton of Eustis.
Dr. Robert Parajon of Havana, Cuba,
was named honorary director.
J. McK. Jeter of Union, South Caro-
lina, field man for the American Guern-
sey Cattle Club, told the group that six
new breeders are now in Florida and
there are 139 more registered Guernseys
than there were a year ago. He com-
mented on improvement of existing
herds as another high point.
C. W. Reaves of Gainesville, extension
animal husbandman, echoed Jeter's
praise of herd improvement, and conm-
mended even more attention to herd
testing. "Find out what your pastures
are doing," he also urged.
Reports on the West Florida promo-
tional sale. by Charles Johnson of Jack-
sonville and on the field day by V. C.
Johnson of Jacksonville also were pre-
sented.
V. C. Johnson formally received the
Sargeant Trophy, presented by Joe and
John Sargeant in memory of their father,
in behalf of Dinsmore Maxmost (;ail,
whose computed record for 305 days,
morning and evening milking, was an-
nounced by Reaves as 10,772 pounds of
milk, 522 pounds butterfat, on an actual


record for 365 days milking of 1-,872
pounds milk, 72(0 pounds butterfat, with
three milking daily. The cow is six
years old.
Talks were made at the midday ban-
quet by Col. J. Frank Johnson of the
American Guernsey Cattle Club, and by
Dean H. H. Kildee of Iowa State Col-
lege, who was in Tampa judging live-
stock at the Florida State Fair.
Committee for the 1951 Field Day was
appointed by Sargeant, with Boutwell as
chairman, and Charles Donegan of Largo
and Johl Cone of Plant City as members.

The Importance of Milk As A Food
WHAT rMAKES MILK our most impor-
tant food?
Milk provides a larger number of
elements people should get from their
meals than any other one food. Also,
more than any other single food, milk
meets the nutritional needs of the hu-
man body and helps keep it sound and
healthy.
How much milk should adults and
children have, daily?
Every child needs a quart or more of
milk every day, and adults n-eed at least
a pint. No one ever outgrows the need
for milk.
Why does milk belong in every meal?
The daily diet should contain many
nutritional factors which the body needs
-minerals, vitamins, proteins. Milk
provides all of these factors in abun-
dance and therefore serves to. balance the
daily meals.

DONALD BURCH Live Oak FFA boy, re-
cently won the 1950 National Association
of Thoroughbred Breeders' scholarship at
the University of Florida.


The Presidents of Florida's principal live-
stock organizations confer at joint meet-
ings held in Orlando recently. Left to
right are: Vernon Graves, Pres. Florida
Dairy Industry Association, Chris Rade-
bangh, Pres. Florida Cattlemen's Associa-
tion and John G. DuPuis 7r., Chainran
Florida Live Stock Sanitary Board.

Hamilton, Milk Industry
Foundation, Is Quoted
"I will not dwell on the fact that milk
is man's most perfect food, compounded,
fortified and enriched by the Divine
Chemist, that its price over the last few
inflationary years has risen less than the
average of all foods and, at less than ioO
a pound, is our greatest food bargain.
"I do, however, want you to think
about this in comparison with the halo
you put on your soft drink.
"Man has been consuming milk since
the dawn of history, but only in the last
few decades has lhe been able to drink
milk with safety miles and hours away
from the cow. Milk, unlike other foods,
has no natural protection such as a shell,
rind, husk or skin, nor can it be cleaned
by the housewife (nor have preservatives
added) It is, therefore, highly perish-
able and must be protected all the way
from the cow to the consumer."-Kline
Hamilton.


Arlen WVetherington of Turkey Creek
(Hillsborough County) is awarded the
Florida Dairy Industry Association 1950
trophy for his outstanding work in Dairy
Farming. E. T. Lay, Executive Director
at the Annual FFA Dinner held at the
of the Association, presented the trophy
University of Florida.


32 FLORI DA D A I RY NEWS








7-Point Program Undertaken


By Live Stock Sanitary Board


By DR. J. V. KNAPP
State Veterinarian; Secretary, Florida State
Livestock Sanitary Board
UNDER EXISTING state laws, the Florida
State Live Stock Sanitary Board is en-
gaged in the following disease control
programs:
1. Tick eradication;
2. Tuberculosis and brucellosis
eradication and control;
3. Swine disease control;
4. Mastitis control;
5. Pullorum disease control;
6. Supervision of meat inspec-
tion;
7. Investigations of reported out-
breaks of infectious and con-
tagious diseases.
Of these, tick eradication, tuberculosis
and brucellosis, mastitis, and meat in-
spection, are the phases of our program
of greatest interest to dairymen.
Tick Eradication Having To Do With
Dairy and Beef Cattle
Ticks must be eradicated to keep in-
terstate markets open to Florida cattle.
Presently, Georgia, Alabama and Louis-
iana have quarantined against the move-
ment of cattle from Florida, and these
quarantine restrictions work a hardship
on owners moving
livestock into or
through these states.
In 1949-51, regular
dipping of cattle to
clean up the present
reinfestation w a s
conducted at 202
vats in 11 counties,
dipping or inspect-
DR. KNAPP ing 2,289,581 cattle
and 53,287 horses and mules. In
addition, 824,000 cattle were, dipped
through 38 auction markets throughout
the state.
The systematic phase of this pro-
gram should conclude in 1951 if no ad-
ditional cattle fever ticks are found. The
Board expects to continue auction mar-
ket inspection and dipping, also spot
inspection of cattle on ranches where
the owner is handling his cattle. This
will give a cross-state inspection of some
900,000 to 1,000,000 cattle during the
next two years and should expose hid-
den infestations or demonstrate that
Florida is tick free.
Tuberculosis and Brucellosis
The eradication and control of tuber-
culosis and brucellosis is of first im-
portance in the economic production of
milk and beef and vital to public health,
as both diseases are transmissible to the
human.
Over 90 percent of Florida's 1200


dairy herds are operating under a State
plan of brucellosis control, and all dairy
cattle are tuberculin tested annually for
eradication of tuberculosis.
In 1949-51, 175,301 cattle were blood
tested for brucellosis, revealing 13,021
reactors. 86,357 cattle and calves were
vaccinated for the prevention of bruce-
Ilosis. 99,234 animals were tested for
tuberculosis, revealing 52 reactors.
The dairy and beef cattle population
is rapidly increasing with greater de-
mands on this department for service in
testing and vaccinating.
Mastitis Control
The primary purpose of the Mastitis
Control Division is to give aid and as-
sistance to the dairymen of Florida in
preventing and controlling mastitis in
their herds. Participation in the pro-
gram is voluntary on the part of the
dairyman.
During the. period 1949-50, 777 herds,
comprising 71,470 cows were examined
for mastitis; 436 milking operations were
supervised; 20 dairy meetings were at-
tended; and 2,059 miscellaneous farm
visits were made by field supervisors.
In addition, 8,902 milk samples were
examined for mastitis organisms in the
Mastitis Laboratory at Lakeland, Florida,
and 18 community mastitis schools were
held throughout the State, with an at-
tendance of 408 dairymen.
The dairyman's interest in mastitis
control has been stimulated because of
the economic value of this service by
increased production and prolonging the
milking span of dairy cattle, also because
it enables dairymen to furnish a clean
and sanitary product. The proposed
program for the coming biennium calls
for an increase in the number of field
supervisors to meet the increasing de-
mand for the services rendered by the
Mastitis Control Division.
Supervision of Meat Inspection
There are fourteen meat packing
plants, located in widely separated areas
of the State operating under the. laws,
rules and regulations of the State Live
Stock Sanitary Board governing meat
inspection. The packers operating
under state supervision employ fourteen
veterinarians and three lay inspectors to
conduct the ante-mortem and post-mor-
tem inspections and processing and ship-
ping operations at their plants. During
1950 these inspectors supervised the
slaughter of approximately 70,788 cattle,
3,814 calves, and 291,403 hogs, and super-
vised the preparation and processing of
4,652,243 pounds of meat food products,
consisting of sausage, weiners, hams, ba-
con, loaf meats, lard, pork fat rendered,


A Must For The Florida
Live Stock Industry
"A well staffed and equipped Ani-
mal Disease Research Center, housed
in a new Veterinary Building-at the
University of Florida."


etc.
This service to the packing industry
is conducted under the supervision of
the Director of Meat Inspection of the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board.
Investigations
All reports of infectious and contag-
ious diseases of livestock are promptly
investigated by representatives of the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board and the
owner advised of proper procedure to
be followed.


What Next? No Bread?
FLORIDA RETAIL BAKERIES are alarmed.
Present regimentation and socialization
by Federal, State and Local laws is not
yet enough for the Florida Junior Cham-
ber of Commerce. This enterprising
group has come up with a resolution ask-
ing the State Legislature to outlaw all
bread, flour, meal and grits to be sold in
Florida unless these products have added
to them a certain formula of so-called vit-
amin enrichment.
The proposed law would subject a
baker whose bread failed to contain the
ingredients of this formula, even to with-
in a fraction of a milligram, to a sentence
of go days in jail or fine up to $500.00.
H. P. Henderson, Chairman of the Flor-
ida Retail Bakeries Council, says he has
been told on good authority that this
program originated in 1945 from vitamin
manufacturers and big Flour Mills.
Mr. Henderson has branded the whole
idea as a half-brother to the proposed
and discredited "Socialized Medicine"
program and has called upon the citizens
who believe in freedom from government
outlawing of wholesome, pure and nutri-
tious foods to raise their voices in protest
against compulsory bread enrichment.

Lauderdale Dairy Loss
DAIRYMAN WALLACE STEVENS of Ft. Lau-
derdale incurred a loss of three pure-
bred calves which were found gnawed
to death in a pasture recently. Stevens
said it looked like the, work of a pan-
ther. He pointed out the calves were
old enough to protect themselves from
dogs and said wild cats did not attack
cattle. Panthers used to roam freely in
South Florida until a bounty was placed
on them and Mr. Stevens said he was
posting a watch at night until the ani-
mal was tracked down and killed.


FOR APRIL, 1951 33






















Above and at right are pictures of Miami's super milking barns
showing reasons why the industry and health authorities are justly
proud of their work.


Miami Achieves Highest Dairy Standards


Through Cooperation With Health Department


By C. B. A. (BILL) BRYANT*
Johnson and Johnson, Chicago
ONE PLACE in these United States where
a visiting observer immediately receives a
convincing impression that they are one,
is in Dade County, Miami, Florida, when
one comes in contact with the Dairymen
and the Health Authorities. Here. the san-
itary control of the milk supply for the
cities of Miami, Miami Beach, Coral Ga-
bles, Hialeah and the surrounding area is
vested in the Dade County Health Depart-
ment. This Health Department's Inspec-
tion Division is closely knitted in work-
able fellowship with that of the State.
There, working together, as far as the
milk protection for the public is concern-
ed, is as the working of the nimble fingers
of the human hand.
Nature has given to Dade County, Flor-
ida, many bountiful gifts-climate, rain-
fall, spacious country acreage of level
fields, abounding in a uniform growth of
grass. Thus we have in this particular
section of our country some advantages
that are not so generously enjoyed in other
sections of our nation. Climate and sun-
shine have brought population and made
a good market for "that almost perfect
food"-fluid "cow's milk". Man calls it
"Grade A". Man here has cleverly taken
advantage of these treasures of nature
and has amassed herds of milking cows,
spacious acres of pasture fields, and the
most modern of sanitary equipment for
handling in a large way production of
milk, to be bottled and placed upon the
local consumer's table.
Dade County Health Department's
Milk Division, which has the responsi-
bility of controlling the purity of this
milk production and its distribution to

*An appraisal based on a recent extensive inspection
of the dairy farms of the Miami milk area.


A .
the public, is very ably headed by Mr. J.
French Koger, Chief Dairy Supervisor. He
is assisted by two excellent, intelligent as-
sociates, both untiring in their daily ener-
gy and willingness to help all parties in-
volved at any hour of the day or night.
First Associate is Charles Stoy, Second
Associate is Harvey Jordan. Heading the
Health Department having jurisdiction
of all angles of the public health is Dr.
T. E. Cato, Dade County Health Offi-
cer, who is ever alert to know that ev-
erything is of the best.
A super handling of the milk supply
has been the life ambition of J. French
Koger. He is now witnessing the accom-
plishment of his goal. He is several years
beyond the rating (21 years) in his build-
ing of this ambition. I venture to ob-
serve his strong point is in the fact that
all the Dade County Dairymen, plus his
associates and the equipment suppliers,
are just members of a happy team, all
striving to help each other. They proudly
attempt to see at all times that the best
known methods are used to protect the
purity of the milk supply for Dade Coun-
ty.
Perhaps because nature in Dade County
does not give opportunity for best results
for general farming as we know it in the
north, usual animal feeds are not econom-
ically raised. Here there seem to be no
natural small general dairy farms. There-
fore dairying has taken on a large scale,
and I mean a big scale. Current 1950
'statistics state that there are 94 local dair;
ies producing milk for this fluid milk mar-
ket. These are located perhaps within
fifty miles of Miami. Each is daily milk-
ing from 150 to 1400 cows. The Jersey
cow seems to prevail. Sixty-four (64) of
these farm dairies are large enough and
milk a sufficient number of cows each day


to have a thermos tank truck of their own
in which they store each milking supply,
and deliver daily to the Milk Plants. The
minimum capacity of the smallest of these
farm tank trucks is 500 gallons.
At each of these 64 farm dairies milk
from the cow's is pumped through a filter
over, or through, a cooler, and directly to
this thermos tank truck in a close by con-
venient garage. Each day the dairy owner
drives this milk tank truck to the city
fluid milk plant.
The pasture fields adjoining each farm
dairy are spacious and flat-comprising
many acres. There is nothing uncommon,
as one drives by, for the eye to see five
hundred cows in one pasture field. These
fields are usually green, freshened by fre-
quent rains and plenty of sunshine. I
asked one dairyman how much of his feed-
ing schedule could he depend upon the
grass, which looked so attractive and green
from the roadside, even though the eye
viewed hundreds of cows grazing. He
estimated 15%. He said the grass was
good for keeping the cows busy and con-
tent but they have much yet to accomplish
in building into grasses greater food value
and nutrients. Alfalfa and clover as we
know them in the north do not seem to
be a natural here. No hay therefore is
raised. Hay to be shipped in from the
north is prohibited by freight costs. There-
fore dried Florida citrus pulp and beet
pulp, presently coming from Italy, is the
principal source of their roughage feed.
The pasture grasses giving the balance.
This roughage is mixed with ground
grains and fed when cows are in the milk-
ing barns twice every 24 hours.
The equipment at each dairy is most
modern. French Koger and his associates,
with each of his 94 dairymen, pride them-
(Continued on page 37)


34 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS






Dairy Review
(Continued from page 11)
gate, attack and eradicate any new dis-
eases as may arise.
To be of maximum benefit to the in-
dustry, practical facts regarding the na-
ture of the disease, its cause, the agents
of transmission, methods of diagnosis,
treatment, prevention and control must
be investigated and the results made
known and applied under field con-
ditions.
Swift transportation and increasing
travel of modern times may play an im-
portant part in facilitating domestic
or oriental animal plagues by extending
their geographical range throughout
the world. This necessitates active
surveillance on the part of the veterinary
profession.
Research veterinarians on the staff
of the Department of Veterinary Science
at the Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station are conducting investigations on
the infectious protozoan, blood disease of
cattle known as anaplasmosis. This dis-
ease is endemic in the southern states
and occurs sporadically though not
infrequently in many northern states.
Its geographic range, appears to be grad-
ually extending northward. Important
research investigations are being con-
ducted on infectious bovine mastitis
which is world wide in distribution, be-
ing especially prevalent in those areas
heavily populated with dairy cattle.
Our veterinary parasitologists under
the direction of Dr. Leonard Swan-son
are conducting intensive research in-
vestigations on the liver fluke disease
of cattle. This disease. is widely dis-
tributed in the United States and in
many foreign countries. Liver fluke
disease is of great economic importance
and potential importance to the beef
and dairy cattle industries of Florida.
Gastro-intestinal and other internal para-
sites of cattle including hookworms,
lungworms, tapeworms, nodular worms,
stomach worms, screwworms and grubs
are being investigated and much valu-
able information is accumulating on
their control. Investigations are be-
ing conducted on the control of external
blood sucking parasites of livestock.
This includes work on various tick ves-
tors of infectious protozoan blood diseases
on horse flies (Tabanids) deer flies (Chry-
sops) stable flies, house flies and other
insect and arachnid pests that affect
livestock.
Research work and observations of a
more restricted nature are being con-
ducted on the world-wide stringhalt
among cattle, bovine leptospirosis, skin
affections of cattle, pink eye, plants pois-
onous to livestock, photosensitization, X-
disease, vibrionic enteritis and certain
virus infections including mad itch of


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KUDER CITRUS PULP


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Manufactured by the Pioneers of the Industry engaged exclusively
in the making of Citrus Pulp for 15 Years. Sold through Feed Dealers
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FLORIDA


FOR APRIL, 195 1 35


Would You Like To

CUT YOUR FEED BILL
25 to 50 percent? Investigate te rich muck land
pastures in the Everglades. Ask for free soil
sample

C. A. BAILEY REAL ESTATE
Specializing in Muck Pasture Land
P. 0. Box 216 Phone 2770 Belle Glade, Fla.







Special Advertising Section
ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n


ADAMS PACKING ASSN., INC.
citr I Pulp. Citrus Aeal, Citrus Molasses
J. I.. Coaeus, SaleM, Agr. By-Products Div.
Auburndale, Fla. Phone 8-7016

CHAS. DENNERY, INC.
Newn Orleans, La.
lie Cream Coaling, Fruits and Flavors
ED SALVATORE, BOX 141, MIAMI

EX-CELLO CORPN. PURE-PAK
DIVISION
Paper Bottle Machines Electro-Pure
Pasteurizers J. W. Radke
1680 Peachtree N. W. Atlanta, Ga.

GENERAL MILLS, INC.
Dairy Equipment and Supplies
John W. Manning, Phone 9-4586
1601 Congress Bldg. Miami

GULF PAPER COMPANY, INC.
Ice Cream (Iinerless) Cartons, Butter Cartono
J. H. Acl'oy

50 E. Magnolia St., Pensacola, Fla.

DOUGLAS J. HEADFORD
FLA. REPRESENTATIVE
Green Spot Orangeade Concentrate
616 Jessamine Ave. Phone 4356
Daytona Beach, Fla.

JIFFY MANUFACTURING CO.
Insulated Bags and Liners
Southern Representative-Wl1illiam Romaine
Box 5463, 5 Pts. Sta., Columbia, S. C.

ROBERT A. JOHNSTON CO.
Dairy Chocolate & Cocoa Poducts
J. I. Hainmons Pi. Dearborn 2811
507 Nelson Ferry Rd., Decatur, Ga.


KIECKHEFER CONTAINER CO.,
CAMDEN, N. J.
Pure-Pal Paper Milk Cartons
R. J. Evans Phone 8-5296
3343 Post St., Jacksonville, Fla.

KLENZADE PRODUCTS, INC.
Chermicali for Dairy a l Flnod Plant
Sanitation H. B. Ahlefelldt
Union Term'l Whse., Jacksonville, Fla.

MEYER-BLANKE CO.-Dairy Supplies
"Everything But the Cow"
Jirn Campbell Ph. 6-1366
2701 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala.


PAUL-LEWIS LABORATORIES, INC.
Lactivase For Preventation of oxidized flavors
in bottled milk Redland Brands
26 N.E. 27th St., Miami, Fla.


cattle. Other disease conditions exist in
which no work is being conducted.
Several projects have been completed
and publications issued as work has pro-
gressed on hemorrhagic septicemia ol
cattle, enzootic bronchopneumnonia of
dairy calves, eyeworms of poultry, in-
fectious mastitis, plant poisonous to
livestock, internal and external parasites
of cattle and numerous bulletins dealing
with poultry diseases.
Adequate facilities should be provided
and maintained in every state for the
proper identification, study and research
upon all livestock and poultry disease
problems which affect our state and na-
tional economy.


Miami Short Course
Arranged for Dairy
Laboratory Technicians

MR. SAM NOLES, Milk Consultant, Florida
State Board of Health, announces com-
pletion of plans for a five-day short
course for Milk Laboratory Technicians
to be held June 4-8 at the University of
Miami, Coral Gables, Florida.
The course is sponsored jointly by Mr.
Noles' Department, State Board of
Health and the Plant Committee of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association.
This training period is being planned
to cover specific subjects that the Labora-
tory Technician must deal with almost
every day. The subjects to be covered
are: The Coliform Test for pasteurized
milk; The Standard Plate Count and
The Direct Microscopic Examination. It
is planned that the above subjects be
covered in detail, and ample time allot-
ted for discussion of specific problems
concerning them.
One of the Instructors on the pro-
gram will be Dr. Robert F. Myers, who,
has been associated with the National
Dairy Research Laboratories, Inc., Oak-
dale, N. Y., for the past 20 years, and is
at the present time Bacteriologist for the
Enrionmenetal Health Center, Cincinnati,
Ohio.
The sponsors of the Short Course be-
lieve that it will result in a better under-
standing of the common problems con-
cerning tests being made in all of the
I)airy Laboratories.
It is hoped that one or more tech-
nicians from every Dairy Plant Labora-
tory in the State will attend this course.
as well as representatives from any Plant
that contemplates setting up its own
laboratory. Those interested may con-
tact Mr. Sam Noles, Milk Consultant,
Florida State Board of Health, Jackson-
ville, Florida, who is in charge of all
arrangements including room facilities.

YOUR AD in Florida Dairy News reaches
99% of the dairy industry.


How Does Pasteurization Affect
The Food Value of Milk?
PASTiURIZE)D 1 ILK is a whoClesolme,
nutritious food. The main contributions
of milk to the diet are protein, milk
sugar, butterlat, calcium, phosphorus,
and vitamins A and G (riboflavin). No
one of these substances is materially af-
fected by pasteurization. The process
o[ pasteurization may cause some loss of
vitamins B1 (thiamineL) and C (ascorbic
acid). These vitamins, however, are sup-
plied abundantly in certain other com-
mon foods.
The evidence available as to the ef-
fect of pasteurized milk versus raw milk
upon the growth and development of
children over a) period of years, indicates
that the growth-promoting qualities of
milk have not been diminished by pas-
teurization.

Special Advertising Section

ALLIED TRADES MEMBERS
Florida Dairy Industry Ass'n


PURE CARBONIC CO.
Carbonic Gas & "Dry Ice"
T. A. lMcMakin Ph. 7-8431
Strickland & McDuff Sts., Jax., Fla.


RALSTON PURINA COMPANY
Aills at Tamnpa and Miami
"A Dair Program that increases capacity
and milking life of your Herd"


RIVERSIDE MANUFACTURING CO.
Industrial Uniform?
Jamnes A. Stewart Phone 3-3287
306 Lakeview Ave., Apt. 406, Orlando

SCHAEFER INC.
Ice (ream Cabinets, Frozen Food Cabinets
W. G. Wright Phone 4201

333 Harbor Drive, Venice, Fla.

STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Tampa Proof Seals & Machinery
Larry Hodge

1121 duPont Bldg., Miami, Fla.

STEIN HALL & CO., INC.
Ex-Cello Glue, Powered Egg Yolk,
Stabilizers, Coconut L. A. Gaston
3912 San Juan, Tampa, Ph. 62-0171

STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Milk Bottle Closures
Bob Snith, 264 Peachtree St., Atlanta
Larry Hodge, duPont Bldg., Miami

TESCO CHEMICALS, INC.,
ATLANTA 5, GA.
Anhydrous Ammonia, Liquid Chlorine
Amira-Burnett Co., Jacksonville
C. S. Johnson, Tampa -
W. L. Filbert, Miami


36 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS




























FRENCH KOGER


Miami Milk Report
(Continued from page 34)
selves as being a team, effectively coopera-
ting to obtain as a constant goal, the best
city milk supply known.
The author visited a dozen of these dair-
ies and made a complete moving picture
of the operation, covering all features of
production an dthe handling of the
milk from the cow to city milk plant. He
was pleased to note all farm dairies were
equipped with a modern plumbing and
sanitary facilities. All were very clean;
some had tiled walls and were as attrac-
tive as the best hotels have to offer. All
personnel working with the cows and in
handling the milk were unusually careful.
All could pass with a high score as a sanii-
tarian in his own right.
At milking time it was especially ob-
served that the milk, at the teats, of these


BILL BRYANT


thousands of healthy cows, where it is
naturally clean-was kept clean by proper
preparation before milking. Each cow
was gently "hosed down" by a small stream
of water. This was followed by a complete
wipe down of udder and teats by a sani-
tized towel. All milking was by machine;
in several cases milking was into a con-
tinuous stainless steel 1 2 "-pipe. No milk
machine bowl or pail. This milking sys-
tem for cleaning has a special high pres-
sure surge pump to send the sanitizing
solution through these pipes.
It was a distinct satisfaction to observe
the universal use of modern filtering
equipment by these dairies which my
guide, Mr. Koger, pointed out is "The
Dairymen's Badge of Merit". At some of
these farm dairies they were equipped
with electrical circular floor scrubbing ma-
chines which were. used on floors behind
and before the cows. In some places milk
was cooled by being pumped through
plate exchange coolers. These are be-
coming quite popular. Most places had
surface coolers of various capacities for
cooling the milk before going into the
thermos tank trucks.
The author has also made a similar mov-
ing picture of the Los Angeles, Califor-
nia, County milk production and hand-
ling for Los Angeles. Both Miami and
Los Angeles have principally large dairies.
Thus, from the standpoint of methods of
handling, they have much in common.
California specializes more in farm dairy
holding tanks, having fewer tanks on
wheels. It was noted, however, that heif-
er calves were generally raised by the Dade
County dairymen as part of their replace-
ment plans. In Los Angeles, California,
generally no calves are raised.
Observing the operations at all the farm
dairies in Dade County, the author was
very conscious of being in the midst of
the best equipment, health of the animals,
cleanliness of thq individuals and the
premises. Preparation of the cows before
milking and that of the equipment used
for milking as well as the clean-up when
through, everywhere was very good. Most
impressive to him was the spirit of the
operators and all the farm dairy workers.
Nature has truly blessed this section of
our country as to its assistance for produc-
ing and the sanitary handling of its local
fluid milk supply. Men who live and
work here have definitely with ingenuity
taken advantage of these fine natural as-
sets. They have masterfully built a milk
industry highly to be commended. Other
of our great cities and milk producing
areas perhaps cannot bodily transplant
such an operation. Many of these other
places are also doing a fine job. Without
too many envies others are pleased by the
fine accomplishments of these Florida
brothers. All of the practical lessons
which are to be gained by visits here, they
will adopt for themselves.


Announcin ...


Another dependable

source for dairy

Equipment & Supplies


THE

AMICA-BURNETT

CHEMICAL & SUPPLY

CO.
P. O. BOX 2328
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


is proud to announce
we are now handling


PFAUDLER
PLATES & VATS

FEDERAL
FILLERS & CAPPERS

DAMROW
TRUCK & RECEIVING TANKS

VILTER
REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT

UNIVERSAL
MILKING MACHINES

LIBERTY
MILK BOTTLES

SPECIALTY BRASS &
WAUKESHAU
MILK PUMPS

TRI-CLOVER
SANITARY FITTINGS

and Many Others Plus
a Complete Line of
Supplies

We Invite Your Inquiry


FOR APRIL, 1951 37





Wants Milk Commission Continued
Editor, The Dairy News:
There is so much mis-information about
the Florida Milk Commission showing up in
various places that I feel it is time somebody
told the truth about it.
The Florida Milk Commission, since its
inception in the early 3o's has been a de-
finitely stabilizing influence to the indus-
try as a whole. The industry was threaten-
ed with a complete break-down at that time
and since then, with the Milk Commission
operating, the production of milk in Florida


M
O
D
E
R
N

M .


L
L


CITRUS PULP


It's in the
Big Bag


Dried Citrus Pulp

Sweetened Citrus Pulp


Contact By-Products Division-87-061


LETTERS


has increased more than 500%. It has been
able to develop sufficiently to maintain ade-
quate supply to meet the increasing demand.


gs: a a

'-Ni




d- o ----

devoted to the Manufacture of Quality Feeds


Sold at Reasonable Prices


Fresh whole milk is essential to the well
being of practically every man, woman and
child in the State of Florida.
The farmers that produce this milk are
entitled to reasonable protection from "chis-
elers." When the Milk Commission Act was
enacted some chain stores actually sold a loaf
of bread and gave away a quart of milk.
Today, many chain stores would use milk
as a leader, selling it below cost if it were
not for the protection producers have
through the present Milk Commission.
A. R. NIELSEN, Alfar Creamery
West Palm Beach, Florida

Editor Of The Dairy News:
"We are greatly impressed with the first
issue of FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS. Congratu-
lations to you and the Ladies' Auxiliary
Editor and all who helped make it such a
fine issue. You have set a high standard
I'm sure your members are delighted with
it."
A Friend,
St. Louis, Missouri

Editor Of The Dairy News:
"I congratulate you and the Florida Dairy
Industry Association upon the publication
of FL.RIDA DAIRY NEWS. It should be a
medium of encouragement to what is be-
coming a major development in the State
of Sunshine and Flowers."
Cordially,
CLAYTON RAND, Editor and Lecturer

Editor Of The Dairy News:
"Congratulations on your new Association
Magazine 'THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS,' I
am referring it to my business administra-
tion classes as one of the best examples of
Industry Public Relations."
DR. C. F. LAY,
Southern Methodist University
Editor Of The Dairy News:
"Many, many thanks for sending me Vol
ume I, No. i of the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS.
which I have read with great interest, and
which I think is a wonderful contribution
that you are making to the Florida Dairy
Industry."
FLORIDA HOTEL ASSOCIATION

Editor Of The Dairy News:
"I am sure the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS will
make a real contribution to the dairymen
and to the Florida dairy industry. Cer-
tainly your magazine will fill a long needed
field in furnishing information to the
Florida dairy industry and I desire to ,on
gratulate you and your associates in your
venture to serve the dairymen of the State
of Florida, as well as the Nation."
DWIGHT L. ROGERS
Member Congress


4 at T

. ^^^,
'* a


Dried Citrus Meal

Plain Citrus Molasses


Auburndale


38 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS


LAKELAND CASH FEED COMPANY
Manufacturers of Bingo Feeds and Mineral LAKELAND, FLA.


High Protein Equivalent Citrus Molasses (Hyproteq)

SOLD THROUGH FEED DEALERS EVERYWHERE
Manufactured by


ADAMS PACKING


ASSOCIATION, INC.




o000Ooo0000 oo0


MAKES YOU SMILE
AT MILKING TIME



o o 00000 0 o 0o000




PAID
Jacksonville, Fla.
Permit No. 1640



CITRUS


PULP


'VES, Florida dairymen and dairymen throughout the nation-depend on Florida
Citrus Pulp to give them more milk production at very low cost.... this means
just one thing, MORE PROFITS!
Florida Citrus Pulp is a concentrated carbohydrate feed with an extremely
high TDN. It is mildly laxative and imparts a sleek appearance to the cow,
giving them a glossier coat of hair.
A bulky feed which keeps well in storage, contains important minerals-
1- calcium, magnesium, phosphate, iron, copper, zinc and manganese-essential in
milk production and animal growth. The fiber content of Florida Citrus Pulp
is extremely low.
S You can depend on Florida Citrus Pulp-order some today and increase your
profits by increasing milk production!


For further details, consult your dealer or write direct to Citrus Processors
Ass'n., P. O. Box 188-C, Lakeland, Florida. This association, composed
of manufacturers of Florida Citrus Pulp and Florida Citrus Molasses, will
be happy to assist you in your feeding problems.




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