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2 F L 0 R I D A DAIRY NEWS
EDITOR'S NOTri: We take pleasure in opening the Editorial Column for this first issue of
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS in 1951, to one in our midst, whose words of wisdom and wise counsel
are known and respected throughout the land, Alf Nielsen, President of Alfar Creamery, West
Palm Beach. Mr. Nielsen is recognized by his Florida associates as Dean of the Florida Dairy
Industry and last year was elected President of the Dairy Association's new Honor Society,
The "Royal Order of Florida Bell Cows".
Mr. and Mrs. Nielsen had the privilege of visiting most of the European countries during
the past summer and the thought-provoking message which he brings in this editorial is based
upon convictions resulting from careful observations in these foreign lands:
"What Are We Going to Do About It?"
By ALF R. NIELSEN
AFTER SPENDING THREE MONTHS traveling thru thirteen different Euro-
pean countries this past Summer, one should have certain definite reac-
tions to the observations made on such a trip.
On the way home on the boat I had occasion to go
over very complete notes and I will have to admit that
they made me think very seriously, and the result of
that thinking was depressing.
We traveled thru countries from which this great na-
tion of ours have imported every kind of "ism", social-
ism and in many instances communistic ideas. We travel-
ed these same "roads" in Europe practically to the end of
that road. We saw the results of these various social
experiments. We observed what the results of "some-
thing for nothing" have been in some of the formerly
strongest and finest nations in Europe. Incentive and
NIELSEN morale have practically been obliterated so far as the
people of these nations are concerned. They have no
reason to extend themselves because they have been taught that their
Governments will take care of everything.
In many countries this trend has continued to grow because the
people in power of their Governments continued to promise more and
more, and give more and more for nothing, thereby enabling them to
maintain themselves in power.
Indeed, it was a very depressing picture that we had of a great many
of our one-time strong nations. And why was this so depressing?
Because we here in the United States are traveling that same road at
even a faster pace than they ever dared travel in many of these former
great nations. And one can see only disintegration and chaos at the
end of that road.
For instance, a very few years ago a litre of milk which is the same
as our quart, could be purchased in France for 1/2 a Franc, and today it
costs 37 Francs. A litre of milk in Italy just a few short years ago cost
one lire, and today that litre of milk costs 8o lire. Everything else that
the vast majority of the population use in every day living has gone up
in price in the same ratio. Only a few years ago the ordinary working
man was able to support his family, properly clothe and educate them
and still have a little to put away for a "rainy day". Today, with his
wages fifteen to twenty times greater than he received just a few years
ago, it is impossible for him to make ends meet, and when one carefully
considers the trends as they are developing in America, one can't help
E. T. LAY, Editor
AL CODY, Business Manager
CODY PUBLICATIONS, INC.
General Advertising Representatives
Official Publication of
VERNON L. GRAVES, President
E. T. LAY, Executive Director
Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
tion Editorial Advisory
THEO DATSON, First Vice President
VERNON GRAVES, President
WILMER BASSETT, Second Vice President
DR. E. L. FOUTS, Chairman, Advisory
LARRY HODGE, Secretary, Allied Trades
Also Official Publication of
OF MILK SANITARIANS
Florida Dairy Industry Associa-
JOHN T. ADKINSON, Pensacola
VERNON GRAVES, Tampa
C. RAY JOHNSON, St. Petersburg
HARRY B. MATTHEWS, Miami
FRANK B. DOUB, Jacksonville
JOHN G. DuPuIS, JR., Miami
FREEMAN HALES, Miami
WILSMER BASSETT, Monticello
J. N. MCARTHUR, Miami
HERMAN BURNETT, Bradenton
L. S. ROBINSON, Jacksonville
THEO DATSON, Orlando
GORDON NIELSEN, West Palm Beach
W. J. BARRITT, JR., Tampa
WELLINGTON PAUL, Jacksonville
HENRY MCCLANAHAN, Miami
SAM H. SOLOMON, SR., Quincy
THE FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS is published bi-
monthly by Cody Publications, Inc., at 10
Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida, for
Florida Dairy Industry Association, 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville, Florida. Sub-
scription price of $1.00 per year included in
dues for membership in association. Appli-
cation for second class entry is pending.
Business office at 10 Verona Street, Kissim-
mee, Florida. Editorial office 220 Newnan
Street, Jacksonville. POSTMASTER: Please send
copies returned under label 3570 to 220
Newnan Street, Jacksonville.
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 3
COST LESS-LAST LONGER
Leaders Since 1937
See Your Ford Dealer
FOR THE COMPLETE ANSWER
TO YOUR DELIVERY PROBLEMS
GEO. L. "JERRY" RIESS
404 West Monroe St. Jax 2. Fla.
Phones 4-8484, 4-5611
HOW TO DOUBLE YOUR VEAL
PROFIT ON DAIRY HERDS
There's big money in beef-type veal
from dairy cows with purebred Brah-
man sires. Brahmans, the cattle with
the hump, are top beef producers.
Dairymen are now learning it's wise
to breed only high-producing dairy
cows to proven bulls for replacements
and to breed low producing cows to
Brahmans for fine vealers guaranteeing
top prices on the beef market. For
veal purposes Brahman-Jersey hybrids
are almost identical to purebred
Brahmans. Brahman Brown Swiss,
Brahman-Holstein and Brahman milk-
ing Shorthorn crosses lead prices at
auctions everywhere. Brahman veal
from your dairy herd noc only brings
more pounds of veal in shorter time
but higher prices per pound. To learn
more about this new source of dairy
herd profit, write the world's largest
raisers of purebred Brahman cattle.
Ask for Packet "O".
NORRIS CATTLE CO.
R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Manager
P. 0. BOX 1051 OCALA, FLORIDA
Fable of the Free Lunch
"There is a fable about an ancient King, who, troubled by the economic
woes of his people, called upon the economists of his kingdom for advice.
Confused by their conflicting theories and counsel, he commanded them to
prepare a short and simple text on economics for him. After many months,
they brought him many volumes replete with charts and graphs.
"In fury, tthe King banished half the economists and commanded the
other half to produce a text which he could understand. One after another
they made reports that went over his head, and one after another they went
into exile. Finally, all but one economist was gone.
"Ins fear and trembling, this last economist appeared before the King.
'Your Majesty,' he quavered, 'I have reduced the subject of economics
to a single sentence. In nine words, I will reveal to you all the wisdom to
be distilled from all the economists who once practiced in your realm:-
THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS A FREE LUNCH !' "
WILLIAM J. CASEY, Chairman, Board of Editors, Research Institute of America
article in "Steelways"
but shudder when thinking of what the future has in store for us here
in this great nation, if such trends are continued.
Europe started out a few years ago spending a great deal more than
they received in the way of taxes, and resorted to deficit financing just
like we are now doing here in this country. The monetary systems of
those countries were turned over to politicians just like our monetary
system was turned over to New Dealers when the Gold standard was
removed in the early '3os. People do not have any control over govern-
mental spending when politicians can resort to the "printing press" to
provide money supporting an artificial prosperity.
Naturally the question comes to one's mind-"what are we going to
do about it"? The answer to that question in my opinion is most
graphically made by a little country known to us as Switzerland. They
have the most stable currency in this world including the United States.
They are the best governed country in this world, and looking for the
reason for this peculiar condition in the midst of all the nations that are
in such a deplorable condition it is found that the people of Switzerland
VOTE. 8o to 90% of the people in Switzerland vote in every election.
They have the highest regard for the people they elect. They abide
by the rules and regulations promulgated by their government.
We in the United States must realize the obligation that we have as
citizens of this great nation of ours by exercising our franchise to vote.
I think the people of this country are realizing this responsibility. I
think it was fully demonstrated in Florida in May of 1950 when we
had the unprecedented number of voters voting in our primaries. No
one ever thought that we could defeat an entrenched politician as was
done in May, and I can't help feel that Florida showed the rest of the
United States the way to eliminate politicians that only think of main-
taining themselves in power. And again in November of 1950 the
elections thruout the country showed what the people can do if they
will only vote.
I have every confidence in the future of this great nation of ours in
stopping this terrible trend or trends, and eventually electing leaders that
will think of their nation and its future instead of their own personal
position of power.
Today and tomorrow, we have a tremendous job for all of us to
maintain some form of what we know as the "American way of life".
I am sure that the people of the 48 states making up the United States
of America will meet this challenge by voting for men that have the
welfare of their nation and country upper-most in their minds and in
We don't want to see a quart of milk selling in America for $1.50
-no, not even 40 cents.
4 0 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
On the Bang's Disease Front:
State Sanitary Board Works With B.A. I.
In Program for Control of Tuberculosis
By DR. C. L. CAMPBELL
THE PROGRAM of the brucellosis eradica- ITEMS FOR MASTITIS CONTROL and Brucellosis and TB Control in the budget
cation and control division of the Flori- for the biennium, beginning July 5, 1951 adopted by the State Livestock
da Live Stock Sanitary Board incorporates Sanitary Board on November 8, and filed with the State Budget Commission,
the cooperation of the U.S. Bureau of it is understood.
Animal Industry through the use of its The budget will become final upon approval by the legislature. The
veterinary personnel. The work accom- Budget Commission is comprised with the Governor and his Cabinet.
polished through the The budget is as follows:
utilization of these Salary Expense Total
o10 or 12 veterinarians Administrative (Office of
plus that of the vet State Veterinarian) $ 49,800 $ 18,400 $ 68,200
erinary personnel of Swine Disease Control 73,200 284,800* 358,000
erinary personhcl of Mastitis Control 104,500 43,000 147,500
the board, which Brucellosis & TB Control 33,800 47,300** 81,100
number some 17, Poultry Disease Control 24,700 11,500 36,200
constitutes the ma- Meat Inspection 14,000 7,000 21,000
jority of brucellosis Deer Re-Stocking -0- 13,000 13,000
eradication and con- Tick Eradication 320,000 180,000 500,000
trol activities in live- Total-One Year $ 620,000 $ 605,000 $1,225,000
CAMPBELL stock throughout the Grand Total-Two Years $1,240,000 $1,210,000 $2,450,000
state. In addition to the work performed Includes $250,000 for purchase of hog cholera anti-serum and virus.
by these men, veterinary practitioners ac- Includes $25,000 for purchase of Brucella abortus vaccine.
complish a small part of the brucellosis
activities in the state, this work being sup-
ervised to a great degree by this division.
Florida presently employs four plans in the program by dairymen in many areas, try the Board abandoned this program in
the control and eradication of brucellosis, however, is entirely voluntary and the. January of 1941 and adopted in its stead
namely: Plan A-Test and slaughter, cooperation and satisfaction of the dairy- a revised optional program.
calf vaccination being optional; Plan B men in these areas is 1oo%. An example As might be expected with the change
-Test and segregation, with calf vacci- of this voluntary participation is the area of programs, a majority of the commercial
nation; Plan C- Calf vaccination alone; composed of Dade and Broward Counties. dairymen withdrew their herds from offi-
and Plan D-Adult and calf vacci- In order that a better picture may be. cial supervision, preferring to live with
nation. These plans are those rec- presented on our present program, some bang's disease rather than to suffer the
ommended by the United States Live facts should be brought out regarding past economic loss occasioned through remov-
Stock Sanitary Association for adoption history of Florida brucellosis eradication. al of reactors. Of the 1,16o,ooo cattle test-
by the forty-eight states. The varieties of A compulsory test and slaughter program ed in Florida from January, 1941 to Jan-
practical procedures that are offered in was established in 1936 in the state. Dur- uary, 1949, the incidence of brucellosis was
the different plans for combatting the ing the period of 412 years that this com- 2.3%, however, our board has found since
disease take into consideration that no pulsory program was in effect, the inci- the acceleration of our brucellosis pro-
single method of control and eradication dence of brucellosis was 2.2% of the 1 4/5 gram in the early part of 1949 that with
of brucellosis has proven effective under million cattle tested. It was found that in the increased traffic of dairy cattle into
all of the conditions which are present in Middle and North Florida in the general Florida during the preceding o10 years that
the vast state of Florida. farming area where herd replacements bang's disease had obtained a firm foot-
During the past year and a half the were raised on the farms, brucellosis could ing in many sections of the state. From
Florida brucellosis program has accelerat- be eradicated and the herds maintained April 1, 1949 to April 1, 1950 approximate-
ed tremendously in several counties; how- free; but in South Florida among the large ly 83,ooo cattle were brucelllosis tested.
ever, a lack of veterinary personnel has commercial herds, although successful in Of this number, nearly 15% were bang's
limited our activities to a degree. Of the reducing the percentage of reactors dis- reactors. With these herds, in which there
approximately 1200 dairy herds in the closed on 30 day test, brucellosis could not was a high incidence of infection, now
state, 90 to 95% are cooperating under the be eradicated. It was found in this latter under supervised control, it is felt that
supervision of one or a combination of our case that retests of herd additions entering a great deal of progress is being made
Plans A, B, C, and D. A number of the the state although covered by negative toward the eradication of the disease..
larger cities have instituted ordinances tests accomplished in the state of origin, The principal difference between the
whereby it is required that all owners of showed a greater percentage of reactors compulsory program of o10 years ago and
herds whose milk is being used in that than the Florida herds into which such our present program in which a standard
community be required to participate in cattle were being introduced. In view amount of compulsion is being exerted by
one of the State-Federal plans for the con- of the large number of reactors necessarily human health organizations, is the use. of
trol and eradication of brucellosis. These removed from these herds, it was deter- the adult vaccination plan in the larger
measures have been promulgated primar- mined that the compulsory test and slaugh- dairies. We realize that this program is
ily through the insistence of the State ter program was economically unsound not the final answer to the problem of the
Board of Health and the various local for this class of dairyman, therefore, at large commercial dairyman, but that it
and county health units. Participation in the insistence of the Florida Dairy Indus- does provide some relief.
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 5
West Florida Dairy
Show Breaks Records
At Chipley, Nov. 16
THE WiST FI.ORIDA -l-H and FFA Dairy Show held in Chipley,
November 16(i, was the best ever held in this area since their be-
ginning in 19'17. The show is spon-sored jointly by 4-H Club
and Future Farmer leaders of this Area. General chairman of
the show was H. 0. Harrison, Washington County Farm Agent.
70 dairy animals were exhibited by members of 4-H and
FFA organizations from Quincy to Pen-sacola. There was keen
interest and spirited competition in the animal exhibits and
judging contests with separate divisions for 4-H Clubs and Fu-
ture Farmer groups. There was also an adult division in the
judging and a Farmer Cow Class with special prizes.
The show was held in the Chipley City Park with ideal
weather conditions. Sandwiches and refreshments were served
on the ground under the direction of Mrs. Mary Minchin,
Washington County Home 'Demonstration. Agent. Milk was
furnished for the entire group with the
compliments of the Florida Dairy Indus-
State Guernsey and Jersey
Clubs Award Prizes
WINNER or Grand Champion Dairy Ani-
mal in the 4-H Club Division was Will-
ian Schack, Marianna. The prize for
Miss Sue Carter, Chipley, displays the
registered jersey bull calf given by the
Florida Jersey Cattle Club as one of the
grand prizes at the Chipley Dairy' Show.
The calf was secured from the Welke.
ner Holly Hill Dairy, Jacksonville.
Shown above are, left; the champion 4-H
animal and right, the champion FFA
animal of the Chipley Dairy Show.
The winning 4-H Judging team from 7ackson County is pre-
sented with a Daily Industry Association plaque by E. T. Lay,
this event was a registered Jersey Bull
Calf from the Holly Hill Dairy, Jack-
sonville, Mr. Walter Welkener, breeder
of the calf, made the presentation, on be-
half of the Florida Jersey Cattle Club.
Winner of the Champion Dairy Ani-
mal in the FFA group was Clyde Crutch-
field of Marianna. The prize animal
was a registered Jersey cow. The prize
for this event was a registered Guernsey
Bull Calf from Dinsmore Farms, Jack-
sonville. The calf was presented by Mr.
V. C. Johnson of Dinsmore Farms on. be-
half of the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club.
The grand attendance prize was won
in a drawing by Brantly Timmons of
Quincy. This prize was also a valuable
Guernsey Bull Calf, presented by cour-
tesy of the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club.
Dairy Association Awards Plaque
To Judging Team Winners
FIRST PLACE in the FFA judging team
contest was won by the Escambia Farms
FFA Chapter of Okaloosa County.
First place in the 4-H Club judging
team contest was won by a Jackson
Prizes for these events were special
plaques presented each of the winning
teams on behalf of the Florida Dairy In-
dustry Association by E. T. Lay, Execu-
tive Secretary. Each team also received
a $15.00 cash award from the Show Com-
Individual judging winners were Will-
iamn Schack of Marianna for the 4-H
Club I)ivision and Burl Straughn, Oka-
loosa County, for the FFA Division.
Adults Share in Prizes
TIHE ADULT judging contest was won by
J D. Fuqua of Calhoun County, whose
award was seed and materials for seed-
ing of' one acre of permanen-t pasture
to wit: 10 lbs. Bahia grass, 3 lbs. white
clover, one can legume inoculum and
800 lbs. 2-12-12 fertilizer.
Winners in the Farmer's Cow Class
were: ist, Jack Burgess; 2nd, M. T.
Crutchfield; and 3rd, Glenn Chance, all
of Jackson County.
(Continued on page 14)
V. C. 7ohnson of the Dinsmore Guern-
sey Farms 7acksonville, displays the reg-
istered Guernsey Bull calf from his farm
and which was given by the Florida
Guernsey Cattle Club as one of the grand
prizes at the Chipley Dairy Show.
Left to right are C. TV. Reaves, State Ex-
tention Dairyman and judge of the
Chipley Dairy show, Sam Solomon, Sr.,
Dairyman of Quincy and E. T. Andy
Lay, as they participated in the Chipley
6 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
DAIRY ASSOCIATION ACTIVITIES
Hume, Shealy and Mowry Recognized in FDIA Resolutions Solomon and Benson Receive
The Membership of the Florida Dairy Industry Association and numerous interested Recognition from Association
guests at the 1950 Annual Dairy Field Day Meeting held at the University of Florida.
unanimously adopted the following resolution in recognition of the service and
leadership of Dr. Harold Hume, Dr. A. L. Shealy and Dr. Harold Mowry at the
University of Florida.
Whereas, it is fitting that outstanding leadership and unselfish service be recognized
and placed in the records of the progress and attainments of the College of Agricul-
ture of our state university, The University of Florida, and
Whereas, since the last meeting of the Annual Dairy Field Day, which originated
in and has long been a successful and popular activity of the Dairy Department of
the University of Florida, three outstanding leaders have retired from the Staff of
the College of Agriculture, namely,
Dr. H. Harold Hume, Emeritus Provost for Agriculture.
Dr. Harold Mowry, Director of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, and
Dr. A. L. Shealy, Head of the Animal Industry Department, and
Whereas, long and outstanding service
and leadership has been rendered the
University of Florida, the State of Flor-
ida in general, Agriculture and the Dairy
Industry in particular; and
Whereas, the College of Agriculture and
the Experiment Staiton have been de-
veloped and expanded progressively by
and instruction in dairying and allied
fields, as a result of which the Dairy
training facilities and staff of the Uni-
versity have been expanded into a full
fledged Dairy Department, and
Whereas, under the wise counsel and
effective training and research in the
field of dairy production and manufac-
turing, the Florida Dairy Industry has
prospered and expanded into one of the
State's most important Agricultural and
Therefore, Be It Resolved, that the Flor-
ida Dairy Industry 'as represented 'by
those in attendance at this, the 15th An-
nual Dairy Field Day Meeting at the
University of Florida, hereby express its
sincere appreciation to Dr. Hume, Dr.
Mowry, and Dr. Shealy for tile lives
which they have led among us; for the
outstanding and unselfish service and
leadership which they have rendered the
University of Florida, and The Florida
Dairy Industry, and for their contribu-
tion to the Agricultural development of
the Great State of Florida;
Be It Further Resolved that a copy of
this resolution be. furnished to officials
of the University of Florida and to these
gentlemen herein mentioned, and that
the same be spread upon the minutes
and records of this the 15th Annuhal
Dairy Field Day Meeting and of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association."
The resolution was unanimously
adopted, and prescribed by a standing
vote of the 15th Annual Dairy Field Day
Meeting, Florida Dairy Industry Asso-
Milk Deal is On the Rise
MILK i's earning Florida farmers a greater
annual income than is the beef cattle in-
dustry, according to the Orlando office,
U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Eco-
nomics. Florida Dairy farmers received
$5o,0993,ooo from milk last year as against
$22,295,ooo beef sales in the state. Flor-
ida ranks high among the 48 in beef pro-
duction while the Dairy Industry in Flor-
ida ranks 33rd in the Nation.
SAM SOLOMON, SR., of Quincy and Harry
Benson of Boynton Beach were formally
thanked for their "sacrificial and bene-
ficial service" during terms on the Florida
Milk Commission, by members of the
Florida Dairy Industry Association, at
the 195o annual meeting in Gaines-
The resolution, bearing the signature
of Vernon Graves, president, and E. T.
"Andy" Lay, Secretary, is as follows:
WVhereas, members of the Florida Dairy
Industry Association and the Dairy Indus-
of the Florida Dairy Industry Associ-
the beneficiaries of the sacrificial and
the beneficial services
rendered them by
two Association lead-
ers of the Industry
through the services
of Harry Benson of
Boynton Beach as a
Producer member of
the Florida Milk
twelve years, a large
SOLOMON part of which time
he served as Chairman, and through the
services of Sam Solomon, Sr., of Quincy, as
a Producer-Distributor member of the
Florida Milk Commission for a period of
seven years, and
Whereas, these gentlemen have recently
requested retirement from the duties and
responsibilities of membership of the Flor-
ida Milk Commission with the feeling of
having rendered their full duty through
these long years of uncompensated service
to the Industry other than the compensa-
tion of appreciation and gratitude of the
Industry and the public whom they have
well served, as well as the personal satis-
faction of having rendered an essential
Now, Therefore, Be It Resolved by the
membership and by the Officers and Di-
rectors of the Florida Dairy Industry As-
sociation, in session here assembled at the
i5th Annual Dairy Field Day meeting at
the University of Florida, July 21, 1950,
do hereby express to Harry Benson and
Sam Solomon, Sr. our sincere gratitude
and appreciation for their services to the
Industry and to the general public of the
State of Florida as members of the Florida
FO R FE B R UA RY, 1 95 1 6-A
. 0.. N I m1 /U1rDA
The wives of Directors of the Dairy
J., I......i ., t, Xovemnber 10-11. The
it. The above picturIe a'ns one of I
Dairymen and Cattlemen
To Meet in Orlando
DIRECTORS OF THE Florida Dairy Inc
Association ;and the Florida St-ite C
men's Association are scheduled to
a joint meeting in Orlando Januar
in a luncheon session at the Hotel /
Thi's is the second joint meetir
these organizations, the first being
in Orlando in i949, when the cattl
were guests of the dairy group.
Purpose of the meeting is for d
sion of matters of common intere
these two kindred industries.
A meeting of the Florida Live
S:.nitary Board is also scheduled foi
hIndo on this date and members o
bo-'rd w;ll e guests at the joint li
Vernon Graves of Tampa is pre's
of the Dairy Industry Association
Cushman Radebaugh of Orlando is
ident of the cattlemen.
Orange County 4-H'ers
Win at Orlando in Novem
ORANGE COUNTY 4-H Club Men
nosed out the Polk County 4-H grou
a fraction of a point in a close contest
top honors in the Central Florida
4-H Dairy Show held in Orlando, No
The show, held at the Florida
Stock Exposition grounds, was co-spo
ed by the Sears Roebuck Foundation
State Department of Agriculture and
1_.a a C I D I in A n A
The six 4-H members combine theii
ividual score in the contest to fori
ital county score, which is used in si
ng winners. The youngsters are juc
n the basis of 40 points for the anii
) points for showmanship, 20o points
tting and conditioning the animal
Florida Dairy Events
Association Directors Meetings...... Quartet
Milk Sanitarians Association Meeting . Apl
Florida Dairy Industry Association
Annual Meeting ............... June 13-
Annual Field 1)ay, University
of Florida ............................ Ju
were Polk second team, Volusi
Lake, Osceola first team. Osce.
team and Volusia second team.
C. W. Reaves, University
dairyman, served as judge.
Earle Johnson of Dinsmol
showmanship, Ernest Kelly ol
judged fitting and conditioning
W. Brown and Joe Busby of th(
Department judged the record
K. S. McMullen, district
agent, was in charge of tabula
v:ird County Agent J. T. Oxf(
District 7 chairman and Oran!
Agent F. E. Baetzman is disi
Heads New Group
(;GiOR(;i. E. EiDoONDSON, JR., of
President of a newly formed 1
organization of MNlanatee and
Counties. The organization Ihas I
the novel name of the Mana
Committee Chairmen Discuss Objectives for '51
THE EXECUTIVE COM MITITFEE: Vernon
Graves, Tampa, Chairmlan-Consisting of
six members of the Board including the
President, the two Vice Presidents and
three other members elected by the Board.
the Executive Committee carries out the
wishes of thie Board and acts for the Board
THE MEMBERSHIP COMM
Graves, Tampa, Chairmar
sett, Monticello, Vice
Membership Committee is
the name indicates. It i
Producer President and Pi
utor Vice President, that
to accomplish a substantial
the active membership of
We plan a thorough me
paign during the next fev
feel that never in the histo
ida Dairy Industry has t
and need of unity and state
tion been greater than it is
ANNUAL MEETING COMXITI
son, Orlando, Chairman-
tee is in charge of the pr(
ments and promotion of th
ing. Plans for the 1951 m
ahead of schedule with the
already set at June 13-14-
Hotel, St. Petersburg. Thi
ida's finest convention I
Pete and vicinity offer the
kind of recreation. Loca
Committees have already b
both the men and ladies.
you may look forward to o
best Annual Meetings.
FINANCE COMMITTEE: J. N.
ami, Chairman-No org
function without adequate
Finance Committee hope
the membership that moi
time must be invested in yc
, Wilmer Bas-
for just what
s our hope as
we will be able
I bulding-up of
v months. We
)ry of the Flor-
to insure the security of all other invest-
nments in your business. We are pleased
that the cooperation of the membership
in the past year enabled tire Association
to finish the year with a surplus for the
first time in the history of the organiza-
PUBLIC HEALTH COMMrITTEE: W. J. Barritt,
Jr., Tampa, Chairman-Your Public
Health Committee concerns itself with
all phases of the Florida Dairy Industry
which are related to "public health". The
Committee endeavors to insure coopera-
tion with all Public Health Agencies and
groups which have a direct or indirect re-
lation to the Dairy Industry and Dairy
Products:; 'such as The State Board of
Health, there Florida Public Health Assn.,
City and County Health Units, Sanitar-
ians, Nutritionists, Home Economists, and
others. We feel that the Dairy Industry's
relations with these gro
friendly and co-operative.
rr.. 4 iL. VETERINARY COtMMITTEE: r
)gram, arrange- man and veterinarian hav
e Annual meet-
e.eting are well goal, that of assuring the
Sa most wholesome food pos;
place and date sidered a privilege as wel
1.5, the Soreno the veterinarian's of Florid
s is one of Flor- ether with the dairyman
hotels and St. ether with the dairyman
tion such as the FDIA, w
finest in every purpose the promotion of
1 arrangements felt that the FDIA offers t
een named for sible medium to the dairy:
e fee sure inarians for a more thorou
mne of our very ing of each other's problem
we achieve that understand
in a position to best serv
In furtherance of closer cc
"Veterinary Committee" su
FDIA appoint an official
year from its non-veterina
attend the annual meeting
State Veterinary Medic;
meeting; likewise for the
sociation to appoint an o
to attend the yearly meeting
PUBLIC RELATIONS COMMIr
McArthur, Mi- Johnston, Jacksonville, (
anization can "Public Relations" of an ii
e funds. The likened to the reputationl
s to convince vidual. Opinions are devel
ney as well as good information, mis-inf
our Association information or lack of info
importance of a Public Relations program
by our Association has greatly increased
ii. recent years and months. This Com-
mittee, which is a new one in the Associa-
tion this year, is now considering and for-
mulating a program for approval of the
Board. We hope to be able to disseminate
much helpful information both within
the Dairy Industry and to the general
mups are both ALLIED TRADES COMMITTEE: Henry Mc-
Clanahan, Miami, Chairman-"I am sure
I speak for our entire Allied Trades
Group in saying that we seek to promote
the best interests of the Florida Dairy In-
clustry Association in every way possible.
Many of us are. in constant contact with
the customers of the members of our as-
sociation as well as its members. We are
ambassadors of good will wherever we go,
both between the members and their cus-
tomers and among the members. If in our
humble capacity we can be of service be-
DR. OWENS yond( our routine business dealings with
)r. Karl Owens, the members of the association, we shall
nce the dairy- always count it as a privilege and a pleas-
e one common
public of the
sible, it is con-
1 as a duty by
da, to work to-
in an organiza-
'hich has is its
that goal. It is
he greatest pos-
men and veter- B
ns. Only when ROBINSON BASSETT
ling will we be
THE LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE: Robinson
e the industry. & Bassett, Co-Chairmen-Co-Chairman of
gget t the this important Committee are L. S. Robin-
ggests that the
delegate each :son. Southern Dairies. Jacksonville, and
ry members to Curry Bassett, Bassett Dairies, Tallahas-
of the Florida see. As implied by the name, the Com-
il Association mittee is responsible for dealing with all
Veterinary As- legislative matters, State and National,
official delegate which concern the Florida Dairy Industry.
offa de la.t The Committee with the assistance of our
ig of the FDIA.
our Executive Director and Secretary,
rTEE: Brady S. Andy Lay, will endeavor to keep current-
Chairman-The ly advised of all legislative matters of con-
ndustry may be cern to the Industry, advise the member-
a" of an indi- ship, rely upon the Board of Directors for
oped on either instructions as to policies, and take all
formation, false necessary and reasonable steps to accom-
irmation. The plish the. best interests of the membership.
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 7
rl f Dairy Industry
o Salutes Solons
As 82.d Opens
As the 82nd Congress launcles into
the fowhat may possibly be one of the nost im-
porrtant in the history of the N:ation, the
j Florida Dairy Industry desires to extend
Ssin,-cere good wishes and express opprecia.
tioll to our Florida Senators and Congress-
Officers and directors, Southern Association of Ice Cream Manufactlrers are shown raen for their cordial greetings and
above at the close of the Palm Beach Convention, Dec. 7, 1950. thoughtful messages quoted belowV: Also
7. O. Bowen of Washington, D. C. and formerly of West Palm Beach is seen on to express our confidence that the State
the front row, third from the right. Dave Adams, Nashville, Tenn., re-elected Sec- of Florida is ably represented in the 82nd
retary, is also on the front row, third from the left. Con gress.
"I wish to extend my sincere
Southern Ice Cream Makers greetings to the
dairymen of Flor-
Hold Convention in Palm Beach 01ida and my warm
c o n g r aon t u 1 a-
tions to the Flor-
FLORIDA HOSPITALITY, Palm Beach charm,
the finest of convention facilities plus
planning and teamwork, all contributed
to a most successful three days conven-
tion of the Southern Association of Ice
Cream Manufacturers at the Palm Beach
Biltmore, December 5, 6. 7.
An estimated attendance of about 800
Ice Cream Manufacturers, Ice Supply and
Equipment representatives, Association
Executives, guests and many ladies were
back in Florida for the third time in five
years, enjoyed a wonderful program and
an abundant 'supply of Florida's choicest
sunshine, fishing, golf, boating and shall
we say "turkey hunting".
Florida's Alf Nielsen was chief host and
chairman of arrangements; J. 0. Bowen,
now of Washington, D. C., but-with all-
a real "Florida Cracker, born in Talla-
hassee", cllairmaned the Program Com-
mittee. Mrs. Shirley Thomas, West Palm
Beach, was chairman and gracious host
for the ladies.
J. 0. (Buck) Bowen, long active in the
Florida Dairy Industry at West Palm
Beach and Miami, and twice president of
the Florida Dairy Products Association,
was elected the new President of the
Southern Association, succeeding popu-
lar Bryan Blalock of Marshall, Texas.
James C. Head of National Pectin Prod-
ucts Co. was elected Chairman of "Dixie
This attractive cou-
pie is Mr. and Mrs.
Fred Sorrow, Sr. of
Atlanta, pictured as
they greeted friends
in their popular re-
ception suite at the
Southern Ice Cream
Convention, P a I m
Beach. Fred is the
owner and editor of
the Southern Dairy Products journal.
"The Harmony Four" . No Conven-
tion is complete without plenty of har-
monizing. A surprise flash caught this
quartette at the Southern Ice Cream Con-
vention on a top note of "Sweet Adeline".
Left to right, are Frank Flack, Sales Mgr..
Standard Cap and Seal Co.. Chicago;
Henry McClanahan, Wyandotte Chem-
icals, Miami (who also is President of the
"Florida Alligator Club"); Andy Lay,
Exec. Sec'y. of the Florida Association:
and T. N. Ones, Dist. Mgr., Wyandotte
Flyers" succeeding George Gardner of
Robt. A. Johnston Co.
Dave Adams, Secretary, and all who as-
sisted him in accomplishing one of the
finest of Southern's Annual Conventions
are to be commended and "it is so or-
The Florida delegation of over 1oo, in-
cluding Ice Cream and Allied Trades
members and the ladies-acting as a Flor-
ida "Reception Committee"-did a nice
job of welcoming by wearing a special
F.D.I.A. Member and "Welcome" badge.
PURCHASING by the Navy of fresh produce,
milk and eggs in the Jacksonville market
has increased to approximately $250,000
monthly, or double that of previous needs
in this area, according to Capt. H. F. Ging-
rich, Supply Officer, Naval Air Station.
ida Dairy Indus-
try and the
NEWS for their
sard L. Holland,
U. S. Senator.
"Seldom has a year been more fraught
with danger, or brighter with promise,
than 1951. World war may be our po-
tion; armed peace is the best we can hope
for-and with armed peace Americans
could not remain content until our dead,
injured and missing in Korea are un-
"But the clear,
bright picture of
m e n t, achieve-
ment and pros-
perity, is all that
could be asked.
A n d Florida
stands with t he
leaders i n n a-
ship is a diversi-
fied a n d sound
one strongly bas- SIKEs
ed on agriculture,
industry and recreation. Yet in Florida
we are just beginning to scratch the sur-
face. The progress our state has made is
small in comparison to the great steps it
can make in the coming years if our peo-
ple will it so.
"We have much to do, at home and
abroad, if we are to make secure the things
we have and to insure the promise of
the future. They are worth all the effort
that will be required." Robert F. (Bob)
Sikes, Member of Congress.
8 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
"The Coming Year, 1951 is laden with
tary and political
p problems and let us
hope that in these
ous, critical and mo-
mentous times that
we will put our
shoulders to the
wheel and help turn
out peace."Dwight L.
ROGERS Rogers, Member of
"From the standpoint of history, the
year 1951 should prove to be very impor-
tant and interesting, but it will probably
see many temporary changes in our way
of life and our standard of living. It will
be necessary for us as a nation to prepare
ourselves m e n-
tally and physical-
ly for a defense
against t h o s e
who would over-
throw our way of
life, and in so do-.
ing our private
lives and our busi
n e s s enterprises
will not be able
to continue 'as
"Although the HERLONG
outlook at the
present time is grim, I have every confi-
dence that the people of the United States
as a whole will face the issues realistically
and that our way of life will prevail."-
A. S. (Syd) Herlong. Jr., Member of Con-
"Hearty congratulations are certainly
due the Florida dairy industry for the
great strides it has
made in recent years
in both quantity and
quality of product;
are also due the Flor-
ida Dairy Industry
Association and the
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
for the splendid part
they play in this
progress. I sincerely
i BENNETT hope and expect that
1951 holds in store
even greater progress and contributions to
the welfare of our state and nation."-
Chas. E. Bennett, Member of Congress.
"The United States for the year, 1951
is facing as serious and critical times as
it has ever experienced. In my opinion
non-military activities should be cur-
tailed and non-military expenditures cut
(Continued on page 25)
STILL WATER is fine
for some things...,
BUT WHEN 0 S1-
YOU'RE COOLING MILK
MOVING WATER' SAVES YOU MONEY
The De Laval Speedway Milk Cooler cools by circulation. Forced
circulation of cold water removes heat faster than still water.
Hence, less power is required to cool a given quantity of milk.
This saving of power consumption over other types as established
by comparative tests represents real money. Furthermore, in the
De Laval circulating water system no ice is formed. 70 to 80
gallons of cold water are circulated around the cans per minute.
The De Laval Speedway "Drop-In" Unit Is Ideal
Replacement Unit for Any Make of Cooler
S/The Do Lal separator Company, Depl.
165 roadway, New York 6, N.Y. N-27 *
Please send me printed matter on,
SThe New D Laval Speedway Milk Cooler'
THE DE LAVAL SEPARATOR CO. __
165 Broadway, New York 6 I Nam
427 Randolph St., Chicago 6, IlL \i i7
61 Boale St, Son Francico 5. CaL L TownRFD. StaI *
F R FE B R UA eo e e e1 9 e5 1
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 9
The 13 Hillsborough County youngsters pictured above with vocational agriculture instructors from Plant City, Bradenton and
Turkey Creek purchased the dairy calves from Pennsylvania through Turkey Creek Instructor W. H. Potter. Included are ten
FFA boys and three 4-H girls, all from Turkey Creek, Springhead and Brandon.
Florida Future Farmers are Accorded National
Honors at Convention in Kansas City
By A. R. Cox, JR.
Serreayl Florida F.F.A.
FLORInA was represented at the National
FFA Convention, held in Kansas City, Oc-
tober 9-14, 195o, by 131 FFA members,
Agricultural Teachers and Staff members.
This is one of the largest delegations at-
tending the Convention from any State.
The Florida group came back with a
Lion's share of the honors. Forrest Davis,
Jr., Quincy, Florida, received the Ameri-
can Farmer Degree, along with nearly
three hundred other outstanding boys
from all over the Nation. He was picked
among this group as the Star Farmer of
America, for which he received a check
for $ 1,ooo.oo from the Future Farmers of
America Foundation. In addition, he has
FUTURE FARMERS are doing their part to
improve dairying in Hillsborough County.
Thanks to W. H. Potter, teacher in the
Turkey Creek High School and long rec-
ognized as a successful farmer and friend
of Vocational Agriculture, the Future
Farmers were able to receive, thirteen reg-
istered show quality Guernsey heifer calves
from outstanding herds in Pennsylvania.
Mr. Potter agreed to furnish the truck
and help with the driving on the. long
trip, when E. L. Hinton, agriculture teach-
er made the proposal. Mr. Potter drove
the load of 13 calves all the way back to
Florida. The calves had to be unloaded,
rested, fed and watered once-the only
stop-and the animals, valued at $2250.00
arrived in good condition.
been invited by the Danish Ambassador
to make a two-weeks trip to Denmark as a
guest of the Danish Agricultural Society.
Hal Davis, also of Quincy and a brother
of Forrest, also received the American
farmer degree, and on the last day of the
Convention was elected 2nd National Vice
President of the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica. During the coming year, Hal will
spend the major part of his time attend-
ing to his duties as National Vice Presi-
dent. He will visit many States, make a
public relations tour with the other Na-
tional Officers, and will be called on to
speak at State FFA Conventions and other
Clarence Gulsby, of the Tate FFA Chap-
ter, Gonzalez, Florida, was declared the
Precautions against loss have been taken
as the calves were vaccinated before being
shipped and all are insured for one year.
The heifers range in age from six months
to one year and the price from $150.00 to
$225.00. The boys drew for heifers and
everyone seemed satisfied as there was
very little difference in quality.
Three 4-H Club girls received calves
and will be under the guidance of Miss
Emily King, Home Demonstration Agent
for East Hillsborough County, who is an
expert in calf raising though she does call
on Vocational Agriculture Teacher Harry
Carlton at show time to help with the
Future Farmer members received io of
Southern Regional winner of the Farm
Mechanics Award, sponsored by the Fu-
ture Farmers of America Foundation. In
winning this award, Clarence had to com-
pete with contestants from eleven South-
ern states. He received a check for
In the National FFA Chapter Contest,
Florida's two entries, Trenton and Allen-
town, won high honors. The Trenton
Chapter was designated as the Gold Em-
blem Chapter, an honor which is given
each year to the top thirty-odd chapters
in the Nation. The Allentown Chapter re-
ceived a Bronze Award.
While Florida's Future Farmers were
winning honors at the National Conven-
tion in Kansas City, their State Advisor,
Ii. E. Wood, was in Eagle Lake, Wiscon-
sin, attending the 75th Anniversary meet-
ing of the American Forestry Association,
where he was selected one of five in the
Nation for an American Forestry Associa-
tion Conservation award.
New Dairy Operation Announced
OF CONSIDERABLE interest is a recent an-
nouncement by the new owners of a 135,-
ooo acre tract of pasture and woods land
ot Osceola, Orange and Brevard Counties
that an investment of around $150,000 is
planned for the development of a model
dairy farm operation. The new devel-
opers, said to represent Mormon investors
of Salt Lake City, are said to have plans
for a pangola grass pasture development
program on 80o' of the large tract on
which beef cattle and a Dairy herd of over
200 Guernsey and Holstein purebred
will be paced. The Dairy farm operation
is being planned under the supervision of
a dairy specialist from the University of
Wisconsin, it was said.
10 0 FLORI DA DAIRY NEWS
FFA and 4-H Members Receive
Guernsey Heifers Calves
School Lunch Crisis Due to Lack
Of Funds, Growth of Program
By MRS. '1HELMA G. FLANAGAN
Supervisor, School L.unch Program
State Department of Educaition
SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAMS must, in addi-
tion to nutritionally adequate lunches,
provide meals that are attractive to look
at and good to eat. Youngsters must be en-
couraged to eat many unfamiliar foods as
well as their old favorites. Poor food prac-
tices must be cor-
rected and good
o n e s continued
a n d improved.
school lunch ex-
periences. In the
room they find
well ias good food.
IMembers of the
MRs. FLANAGAN dairy industry are
of the importance of milk in the diets of
children as well as adults. We in school
lunch have continued to promote' the
use of milk until now only 3.3% of the
lunches in the 'school lunch departments
in the state are served without milk. That
is the lowest figure in the southeastern
region and one of the lowest in the Na-
tion. We have continued to discourage
the use of sweets and carbonated bever-
ages as choices children might make in
lieu of milk. The school lunch depart-
ments have taught many children to enjoy
milk or we make use of the fact that
Johnny wants to do what his friend does,
including eating the same foods he eats.
The Florida school lunch program has
grown more rapidly than have the pro
grams in most other states, according to a
report of the United States Department of
Agriculture on the number of nutrition-
ally adequate Type A lunches served,
which states that: "During the five year
period, 1945 to 195o, Florida's percentage
of Grade A lunches served increased from
57-7% to 93.3% as compared with Wis-
consin (a dairy state) 34.2% to 57.9%;
Southern Region, 62.8% to 78.9% and
the United States average from 54.1% to
In 1943-44, 182 Florida schools served
no milk during the year. Only 115 schools
out of 5o8 served milk throughout the
school year. In October of 195o only 16
school's served no milk and 646 out of 8oo
served milk with all of their lunches. In
1947 and 1948 Florida served school
lunches to about 33% of its school chil-
dren. Only three other states reached as
many as 30% of their children.
Florida's school enrollment skyrocketed
this year far beyond the most liberal pre-
dictions. School lunch attendance this
year increased more than did school en-
rollment. The October 1949 school lunch
average daily attendance was 141,446 as
compared to 160,556 meals served per day
in October 1950.
Further expansion and progress of the
'school lunch program is now being hamp-
ered because of the lack of funds. The
situation is more critical this year than
ever before in the history of the program.
The increase in Federal funds has not
kept pace with the growth of the school
lunch program in Florida. The percent
ol the school lunch cost borne by the child
has increased from 59% in 1946 to 64%
It is estimated that during the year
)95o-51 the Florida school lunch program
will 'serve 28,000,000 lunches (number
served last year plus an approxinlate lo0%
increase). Actual increase in September
and October, 1950, over same period last
year was 14.5%).
Estimated number to be served free-
2,500,000, based on last year's figure of
Cost per meal September and October,
1950o--33.1, exclusive of Federal commod-
ities. If these figures prevail for the re-
mnainder of the year, the school lunch in-
come for food, labor and miscellaneous
operating costs are estimated to be as fol-
$q,268,ooo.oo or $718,526.00 more than
the estimated income for school lunches,
including income from paid lunches at
250, federal reimbursement, county taxes
Because school lunch attendance this
Fall has increased so much over estimates,
it was necessary to reduce Federal reim-
bursement rates per meal in seven coun-
ties as of December i. Twenty-three ad-
ditional counties are now considering re-
ductions. It appears that many counties
will have to reduce rates February i in or-
der to make reimbursement funds last
throughout the year. Unless income is
increased from county sources, donations
and sale of lunches, schools will end the
year with an estimated deficit of $178,-
Since labor and miscellaneous costs re-
main relatively constant, it is obvious that
if additional funds are not provided,
menus will be pared down more than
S500,000.00, and lunches will be inade-
HOW MAY OUR PROBLEMS BE
SOLVED? What is the answer? Shall we:
(Continued on page 22-A)
II State Fair,
Bl IN DAILY USE
.II.. during Dairy week at the
|| Florida State Fair January 30
through February 3.
OPEN FOR INSPECTION
during Beef Week as well as
Dairy Week, January 30
through February 10.
Milking Equipment by
Stall Equipment by
Twiggs Street at SAL Railroad
Dairy Supplies & Equipment
F O.R F E B R U A R Y 1 9 5 1 11
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Dairy Farm Research Unit
Dairy Products Laboratory
Agricultural Experiment Station
Anaplasmosis in Dairy Cattle
DR. CHARLES F. SIMPSON
ANAPLASMOSIS is one of the most serious and costly ail-
ments affecting mature cattle in the State of Florida.
About fifty per cent of the animals affected with the
disease die. Sick dairy cows exhibit a sharp and sud-
den reduction in milk flow, which, in. the event of re-
covery, is slow to build back to normal. Abortions are
often a consequence in advanced cases of pregnancy,
and a substantial weight loss is experienced in animals
that do not die of the infection. If recovery does take
place, three to four months are required before the ori-
ginal condition of the animal is regained. Although
definite information regarding losses from anaplasmo-
sis is unknown, it has been estimated at
several million dollars annually.
Anaplasmosis has been recognized as a
specific disease entity since 1910. An ex-
tensive research program has been center-
ed on the disease ever since that
time. The majority of the investigators
today believe that the cause of anaplas-
mosis is a protozoan, known as ana-
plasma. These workers are inclined to
support the theory that the disease is
similar to Malaria because it can be
spread by insects and by direct injection
of infected blood. On the other hand,
a small group of workers are of the opin-
ion. that the disease is caused by a virus.
True viruses, however, are capable of
passing through a special type filter,
known as a Berkefeld Filter. Since ana-
plasmosis infected blood that has been
passed through such a filter does not
transmit the disease to healthy animals,
most research men hold to the idea that
the cause of anaplasmosis is protozoan
It has been proven under experimen-
tal conditions that anaplasmosis can be
transmitted from diseased animals to
clean animals by ticks, horseflies and
mosquitoes. Eighteen species of ticks
have been incriminated by research
workers. Without a doubt, therefore,
natural vectors are important means by
which the condition is spread under field
The use of unclean surgical techniques
by man has also been incriminated as a
potent mode of spreading anaplasmosis
from one animal to another. In this
state for instance, outbreaks of the dis-
ease have been correlated with the de-
horning operation. Vaccinations, cas-
trations, and other procedures by which
Blood film .from a cow
suffering f r o m anaplas-
mosis. Small dark spots
are anaplasma within red
blood may be transferred from one cow
to another have all been proved as
methods by which anaplasmosis can be
mechanically transmitted. Research work-
ers have shown that 0.025 cubic centime-
tcrs of blood (less than one drop) from
an acute case when injected intradermi-
cally can produce a case of anaplasmosis.
It is not difficult to understand, there-
fore, how anaplasmosis can be readily
spread when the procedures mentioned
above are not carried out under strict
Although the symptoms of anaplasmo-
sis are often indefinite in nature, there
are various signs that indicate the pre-
sence of the infection. Calves may ac-
quire the infection, but are highly resis-
tant, and so do not exhibit any visible
signs of sickness. The disease is mani-
fested to the extent of being recognized
only in mature cattle. In these animals
the disease begins with a high tempera-
ture. There is a rapid and turbulent
beating of the heart, and breathing is
labored. The rumen, is inactive and the
cow goes off feed. Milk production is
materially lessened. The mucous mem-
branes become yellow. The animal fre-
quently goes down or in other cases may
be disposed to fight. There is usually
evidence of exhaustion. Muscular trem-
bling is often a part of the disease pic-
ture too. Lastly the infected animal is
generally constipated and passes Lfirm,
blood-tinged feces. The blood becomes
watery-red wine in consistency and ap-
A definite diagnosis of anaplasmosis
cannot be made unless the services of
trained personnel are available to exam-
ine blood smears of infected animals.
12 0 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
During the course of the disease there
appears within the red cells small, deep-
staining bodies known as anaplasma. In
order to make a conclusive diagnosis of
the disease, the characteristic bodies must
be identified in the blood of the sus-
Animals which recover from anaplas-
mosis are probably carriers of the disease
for the rest of their life. The blood of
such a carrier when injected into an an-
aplasmosis-free animal causes the disease
to appear in the recipient animal. It is
evident, therefore, that the existence of
carrier animals in a dairy on which cer-
tain ticks and other insects are also pre-
sent, create a potential explosive situa-
There is not a practical and efficient
technique available to detect carrier ani-
mnals. Under experimental conditions,
two procedures are used to identify the
carrier stage. First, blood from a suspi-
cious animal can be injected into known,.
anaplasmosis-free animals to determine
the existence or absence of the disease
in the donor. Second, if the spleen is
removed from carriers, the animal suf-
fers a relapse to the disease.
A specific medicinal treatment for ana-
plasmosis is not known. Thus, therapy
can only be symptomatic in nature
Along these lines the services of a veter-
inarian are inestimable and will do much
to keep losses to a minimum. Apparent-
ly, there are individual differences in the
ability of animals to regenerate red cells.
The animal that is capable of regener-
ating red cells as fast, or almost as fast
as they are destroyed by the anaplasma,
can often be saved by prompt treatment.
In any event, sick animals should be con-
fined in a shaded area, given ample
quantities of clean water and protected
from the flies. In no event should the
sick animal be exerted unnecessarily.
Most workers believe that severe out-
breaks of anaplasmosis can, to some ex-
tent, be prevented. It is known that the
natural habitat of ticks is low, wet, wood-
ed areas. It has been, concluded, there-
fore, that if cattle are restricted from
such grazing areas, the population of
the most important insect vectors (ticks)
that transmit anaplasmosis will be sub-
stantially reduced. By such reasoning,'
it can be understood that improved pas-
tures afford conditions least conducive
for tick and other insect propogation.
Dairy cattle should be sprayed regularly
in order to keep the animals as free from
biting insects as possible. Lastly, dairy
cows should be watched carefully so that
the disease may be recognized early and
treated in that stage.
One of the easiest ways to get into a
hole is to sit around just waiting for an
Penicillin in Milk
From Treated Cows
By W. A. KRIENKE
Associate Dairy Technologist
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
IN A STUDY dealing with the effects of
penicillin in milk on Streptoccus lactis
type cultures it was found that concentra-
tions as low as 0.25 unit of penicillin to
each gram of milk was sufficient to greatly
retard acid produc-
tion. When one cow
h a I been treated
with 75,000 units of
base) there was suf-
ficient penicillin in
her milk (8.6 lbs.)
12 hours after treat-
ment to retard acid
KRIENKE production, e v e n
when this milk was mixed with 20 times
as much non-penicillin milk. Another
cow's milk (third milking after treatment)
contained sufficient penicillin to retard
acid production considerably.
It can not be denied that penicillin has
been responsible for tremendous savings
to the dairy industry of this nation and
all over the world, wherever it has been
used, not only in the value of dairy cows
but also in the value of the milk. In very
sharp contrast, it is difficult to realize the
magnitude of possible losses to this great
dairy industry by this same "wonder drug"
because information was not available
on the damaging effects and how to avoid
these losses. There have been reports
from Canada and Denmark to the effect
that penicillin was ruining their entire
cheese industries. This may appear to be
of little concern in Florida, but if cottage
cheese, buttermilk and culture failures
during the past several months that peni-
cillin has been used in mastitis treatments
were tabulated and the causes established,
no doubt the result would be astounding.
Several such reports, not only from Flor-
ida but several other states a's well, that
have come to the Dairy Products Labora-
tory, stimulated a desire to investigate the
On the basis of our results it would ap-
pear that milk from a penicillin treated
cow should not be used in the supply
until after the fourth milking after the
Marked Improvement in Fla.
Dairy Herds Under DHIA
BY C. W. REAVES
TABULATIONS FOR THE ORANGE COUNTY
Dairy Herd Improvement Association
were recently completed for its first year's
operation which ended with October i.
The annual herd and Association sum-
mary, presented by George Baumeister the
DHIA herd test supervisor, showed very
good records to have been made by a num-
ber of the herds. The test records kept
by the DHIA super-
of milk and but-
terlat, value of pro-
duct, and the
amounts and costs
of feed on an indi-
victual cow basis for
each herd in the as
sociation. The year-
ly report included
REAVES records oil 1421 cows
which were in the ten herds completing
a year's test.
The present membership of the associa-
tion is 12 herds comprising 1547 cows.
This is approximately 38 percent of the
total cows in the dairy herds in the coun-
ty, which ranks this association among the
top in the country in the percentage of
cows on DHIA test.
The DHIA records give a measure of
the results secured in the herds. Five
of tile herds averaged above 300oo pounds
butterfat. The entire association had a
per-cow average lor the year of 6414
pounds milk, I .t';, test, and 280 pounds
butterfat. The average feed cost per 1oo
poundcls of milk produced for the associa-
tion as a whole was $2.89. The feed cost
ol producing 100oo pounds milk produced
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 13
IN CITRUS PULP
BETTER THAN EVER
Four Plants to Serve You
KUDER CITRUS PULP
NATURE SWEET PULP
Manufactured by the Pioneers of the Industry engaged exclusively
in the making of Citrus Pulp for 15 Years. Sold through Feed Dealers
KUDER PULP SALES CO.
varied between the different herds from a considered to be somewhat too high in The staff and facilities available
hiah of $5.26 to $2.91 for the herd pro- color, this training course could well ser
the ulniversity ot idea that two or three Irom each of the about ^;, numin
7.7Florida, s e r v ed Southern states could be entered. At some from Gadsden to Escam
as Chairman of time in the future a clinic devoted en- 70 animals in the slilo
this year's Clinic tirely to chocolate, or strawberry ice cream boys and girls particip
with the able as- will be well worth while. Vanila ice cream We are sure too m,
FOUTS distance of Dr. throughout the South has become very be given thle fine lea
gham, Texas Tech; Dr. Henderson, well standardized, due partly to a study of evidenced in these 4-1
reitv nf ('pnroi:: nnfl T)r R pid TTni- el;n;,- l m-loc thraohn-t th fl- rl ...pr
cized, particularly as to texture, course and tlie committee teels tllat tlls is V "1"1**" "i
"Color was uniform, most samples being a most worthwhile opportunity which GLENN ture Teacher
listed as excellent. There were no off- Florida Dairymen are failing to take ad- anna, clerk
shades of vanilla but a few samples were vantage of. IFA Show; Mitchell Wilkins,
County Agent, clerk of he 4-H Show.
Ohers who assisted, promoting and
conducting the show were: T. L. Barri-
neau, A. R. Cox, 0. Z. Revelle, FFA
leaders; Joe Busby, S. C. Bell and Fred
Green, 4-H Club leaders.
Miss DEON JAM.ES
THE DAIRY COUNCIL of Hillsborough and
Pinellas Counties, formed but a few
months ago for public informational and
educational service relating to the Dairy
Industry and Dairy Products in that Area,
has announced the completion of its or-
ganizational 'set-up and the appointment
of Miss Deon James as Director-Nutrition-
Miss James seems well-qualified for this
important work as an ambassador of
good will and technical nutritional in-
formation through the medium of the
public schools, women's organizations and,
in fact, wherever opportunity affords. Her
training and experience in this 'special
field include a Bachelor of Science de-
gree in foods and nutrition at Utah Agri-
cultural College, completion of Dietetic
internship at the University of Michigan
hospital, five years as hospital dietician
and two years as a nutritionist in Public
Miss James reports that the, Council is
now provided with an adequate budget.
Officers and Directors of the Hillsbor-
ough and Pinellas Council are: Prue D.
Shirley, Tampa, President; Lester (Red)
Slye, St. Petersburg, Vice-President; A. R.
(Dolph) Allison, Tampa, Treasurer.
Other directors are: Guy Crews, Tampa:
C. Ray Johnson, St. Petersburg; D. VW.
WVebb, Tampa; and Rufus L. Guynn,
D/WR 7 S 8coAB0ED
EQUIPMENT nd0S PPYIORES
FIRST IN QUALITY- COSTS MORE
TO PRODUCE COSTS DAIRY MORE
-BUT SALES VOLUME MAKES
e e THE NO. I DAIRY
Represented in Florida by
837 N. Atlantic Ave.
GREEN SPOT, INC., LOS ANGELES'- TAMPA
EQUIPMENT and SUPPLIES
FOR THE MILK AND
ICE CREAM INDUSTRIES
DELAVAL SEPARATORS AND CLARIFIERS
MANTON GAULIN HOMOGENIZERS
HElL BOTTLE WASHERS
ANDERSON ICE CREAM FILLERS
LILY-TULIP AND DIXIE ICE CREAM CUPS
UNIVERSAL MILK BOTTLES
CUMBERLAND BOTTLE CASES
THE DIXSON COMPANY
1202 KINGS AVE.
A New Name-Same Top Quality & Service
F O.R F E B RU A R Y 1 9 5 1 0 15
ncsville meeting represen- 4-H VWINNERS from live counties partici- Brennemnan and Paul Thornhill score
ec Southeastern Artifical pated in the. Orlando area dairy show 750 out of a possible 900 points to NN
ciatin were resented held at the Livestock pavilion on Fairview over Polk's second team, Volusia, Oran!
ition ere present November 11. Vernon Thomas of lake, Osccola first and second, Lake s
Ward of Winter l'ark wats
Wan of the Florida Policy Orange county led with a score of 93.8 onnd, Orange second, and Volusia seco
.ith Ira Barrow of New points, followed by Roy Roberts of Or- team.
ange county with 90.2. High individuals were Dean Bass a
Lakvice chairman and Jtar Orange won on the total score of its Murray Bronson of Osceola county w
Lakelanla secretary, six entrants with an aggregate of 528.8 tied with 258.8 points.
to F lorida, anasota and r- points, out of a possible 6oo00. Polk was The five-county contests and the at
ss1 Florida, Manasta less than point behind with a score of show are sponsored by tire Sears Roebu
ssocatonsd organized dur- 58, while Osceola, Volusia and Lake Foundation through the Orlando Se;
toward county has a large placed in that order. store. Co-sponsors of the area show w4
The show is staged by 4-H district VII, the Plytmouth Citrus Growers associate
under County Agents J. T. Oxford, dis- and the state departments of agricultu
Jersey trict chairman, and F. E. Bactzman, dairy Judges were C. W. Reaves, extensi
eastern Breeders chairman. Scoring was 40 points on ani- (lairyman, animals; Assistant State 4
ener, owner of the Holly nial, 2o points on showmanship, 20 points club agent, record books; Earl Johns
)airy, Jacksonville, reports on fitting, and 20o points on record book. of Dinsmore, showmanship; and J.
e of one of Florida's best In the judging contest, Polk county's Smith of the Florida D. & B. school,
service by the Southeastern team composed of Odis Deal, Lionel ting.
eders Association at Ashc-
ng" (451141) is a Superior West Coast Dairy Show is Heic
:alf at the Holly Hill Farm. I
passedd as "excellent" by A.J.C.I
1 iampa 2aturaay, jan. o
Roy Roberts, Orange county 4-H club
boy, is shown above holding his Jersev
heifer judged Queen of the Florida West
Coast Dairy Show. Also shown is Dr. S.
P. Marshall of th University of Florida
who with Prof. P. T. Dix Arnold, judged
Coast Milk Producers' Association, and
chairman of the chamber's dairy sub-
committee crowned the bovine royalty.
Francis Davis, Purina dealer is chairman
of the chamber's agricultural committee.
Other champions included the 4-H
Guernsey champion exhibited by Billy
Rollins of Pasco county, and the senior
yearling Guernsey and FFA Guernsey
champion shown by Arlen Wetherington
of Turkey Creek. Inez Thornhill of
Polk had the 4-H champion grade Guern-
In the 4-H judging contest Orange
county led, followed Iy Pinellas, Sum-
ter, Manatee, Pasco and Polk in that or-
der. The FFA judging team from Bar-
tow led Largo, Kathleen, Brooksville,
Turkey Creek, Wimaumna, Sebring, Bran-
don, Plant City, Lake Placid, Benjamin
Franklin, Pinecrest and St. Cloud.
Showmanship was won by Joseph Coch-
ran, Bartow Future Farmer who re-
ceived a show halter presented by Mil-
ton Plumb, farm editor of the. Tampa
Tribune. Robert and Eugene Mixson of
Manatee county, were runners-up.
To be Bigger,
Better, for 1951
AN ENLARGED dairy cattle show is on tap
for the Florida State Fair January 30-
February 10, with the modern cattle
barn, and excellent show arena provided
last year, according to C. W. Reaves, ex-
A new addition for 1951 will be the
glass-sided milking parlor, now under
construction., which will provide a place
to milk cows under grade-A conditions
and at the same time afford a major at-
traction to visitors.
Jersey exhibitors, out a year ago, will
be back to Tampa, and among those
planning to show their cattle are W. J.
Nolan (Alpine Dairy) of Jacksonville,
Summer Fields, Summerfield, J. K.
Stuart of Bartow, and the Florida School
for Deaf and Blind at St. Augustine.
Guernsey herds to be shown, include
Boutwell's l)airy of Lake Worth, and
Carroll L. Ward and Son *of Winter
Other entries will include Dutch Belt-
ed cattle from the White Belt Dairy of
The State FFA I)airy show will be
held in connection with the State fair,
and the State FFA livestock judging con-
Once again Tampa will
be host to all Florida and
the Nation in present-
ing the world's greatest
It's Florida on parade and the
thrills of big time auto
racing, grandstand shows,
midway, auto thrill shows.
Florida's natural resources
its agriculture . its
industry. Don't forget
Tampa, January 30
to February 10.
test will be held Saturday, Feb. 3.
Dean H. H. Kildee of Iowa State Col-
lege, Ames, will judge the dairy cattle.
His schedule includes Ayrshires, Guern-
sey and FFA exhibits on Wednesday,
Jan. 31, and Brown Swiss, Dutch Belted,
Holstein and Jersey cattle, Thursday,
Feb. 1, J. W. Schee of Largo is superin-
tendent of the dairy show.
Other dairy shows on the calendar in-
clude the State 4-H Dairy show at the
Central Florida Exposition in Orlando,
February 19-24. Dairy Show Day at Or-
lando will be Monday, February 19.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
TUESDAY, JANUARY 30
Exhibitors' Day. Auto Races.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31
Fish and Game Day. Thrill Show.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 1
Legion Parade. Livestock Day.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 2
Tourists' Day. Night i hrill Show.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3
Future Farmers' Day. Auto Races.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 5
Gasparilla Parade Day.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 6
Governor's Day. Children's Day.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 7
Children's Gasparilla Day. Pan
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8
Shrine Parade. Boy Scout's Day
and Livestock Day.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9
County Commissioners' Day.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10
4-H Clubs' Day. Auto Races.
SPECIAL: Auto Races, Sunday,
Feb. 4. Thrill Show Sunday, Feb.
I 1. Exhibits closed.
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 17
Hillsborough Controversy Over
Milk Prices is Highlight of News
BY P. D. SHIRLEY
Supervisor, West Coast Milk Producers
STARTING OFF the new year, most impor-
tant news from Hillsborough County
dairying area, i's the present controversy
over the right of an individual distributor
to retail milk for less than the floor prices
established by the Florida Milk Commis-
sion in Tampa; . and whether or not
the Florida Milk Commission should be
If the legislature fi-
nally rules against
the pricing powers
of the Milk Commis-
sion, when they meet
in April, and pass
laws to discontinue
the Commission . .
then we can look for
a return to price-cut-
ting that someday
SHIRLEY may again return the
dairy industry of Florida to its deplorable
conditions of the early 193o's.
The West Coast Milk Producers as a
group are fighting to keep the Milk Com-
mission because .... we don't want a re-
turn to the unmanageable times when a
vicious price, cutting circle forced many
dairy men out of business.
Opponents of the Milk Commission say
this can't happen! That the dairy indus-
try is on the strongest position in its ex-
istance, but .... the West Coast producers
feel, that the reason we are in this posi-
tion, is directly attributable to the strong
price control that has been exerted by the
Florida Milk Commission over the period
from 1933 up to now in eliminating the
evils of price-cutting.
No-one can deny, that price-,utting,
which will surely follow a period of "no-
control", will eventually hurt everyone.
No-one is immune to it, or can sit back
with a milk-house full of fresh milk and
not be forced to dump it for whatever
it will bring, once someone starts the price-
The present controversy is one for every
Florida dairyman to worry about! Some
say the Milk Commissiorl is defeating
"Free Enterprise". This is only a subter-
fuge to disguise the true actions of our
opponents in attacking milk prices, the
Commission and the activities of every
dairyman in the State.
Every business today that amounts to
anything, has some sort of regulation....
regulation made necessary by the rapid
growth of the Country, increased popula-
tion,' and economic conditions. These
regulations, or controls, are basically for
the protection of the greatest number of
people. Free-enterprise has been the vi-
tal factor in our individual, state and na-
tional progress and growth . . But, re-
gardless of what business we consider,
whether it be our own dairy business, the
automobile business, labor or the opera-
tion of the corner grocery store . . the
free-enterprise 'system works better when
tile evils of free-enterprise are eliminated
by regulation and control.
We have free-enterprise in the dairy
business, and don't let anyone make you
believe different. Today . anyone can
center the business with his own money .
. operate in his own way . and indi-
vidually benefit from his own efficiency
of operation. There is no restriction on
initiative and good management!
Operating as we are today, with the
Florida Milk Commission regulating the
price-cutting evil and keeping it under
control, the Florida dairy industry is
growing steadily, and is in a healthy con-
dition. We are 'strongly in favor of con-
tinuing the Commission because we don't
want to see a life time of progress, the
dairyman's investments in herds and
buildings, and the general health of our
public endangered by foolishly discontin-
uing the Commission.
At the public hearing in Tampa on
December i4th, the entire opposition
based its attacks on emotion rather than
facts. Our legislators, Messrs. Pittman,
Branch, Moody and Johnson, were sub-
jected to the emotional appeal of labor,
larent-teacher organizations, housewives
and others outside the dairy industry.
Naturally, we'd all like a "Utopia" with
lower prices if such were possible .... but
all of us know that "Utopia" is not, and
has not, a's yet been proven practical from
any standpoint. If this attack were be-
ing centered on a product less important
to the health and economic welfare of the
people of the State of Florida, it might
have its humorous side, but the very ne-
cessity of "milk" to the citizens and es-
pecially to the children of our State,
makes this attack, a serious problem.
At the Tampa public hearing, the dig-
nilied manner in which every member of
the Commission, every representative of
the dairy industry, handled himself . .
the clear presentation of facts and opin-
ions, the intelligence of thought behind
every statement, the offers of cooperation,
the fact that the dairy industry has noth-
ing to hide .... the fact that no legal talent
wa's brought in . . all were a credit to
the dairy industry. All the industry can
be proud of dairymen, J. D. Wilbanks of
Tampa, Julian Lane of Tampa, Mr. Her-
man Burnett of Bradenton, B. E. Webb of
pe Price of ibertg
is Eternal Vigilance
be conquoerd hby an
army to lose their freedom.
It can sip away--painlesdly
-ithrough mistrust and hate
and surrender of their rights.
Freedom can be traded for
of a better life--without
working for it. It can disap-
pear before you know it
through greed, prejudice, or
just plain ltuinc st.
That must not happen to
America, as it has happened
throughout the world,
throughout history. We must
fight for freedom in our
daily lives... by taking the
time and trouble to vote
wisely.., by protecting our
own rights and the rights of
others .., and by showing
our faith in America by
everything we think, say,
iaTmpa, Commissioner L. K. Nichols. Jr.,
Alec White, B County Agent of Hillsbor-
cugh County and the many others who
spoke at the meeting.
Immeasurable harm has been done to
the entire Florida dairy industry by the
circulation and printing of half-truths
that confuse the real facts. Inference has
been made that a full point in the butter-
fat content of milk means very little. Ob-
solete and incorrect milk prices have been
used for comparison. In a recent list of
some 21 cities used to 'show the prices of
4.0% butter-fat content milk, we found
many glaring errors or mistakes. We
found four of the cities sold milk that
would range in quality t'rom 37% up to
4-/.% In only 1m of the cities listed is it
definitely certain that 4% milk is sold.
Twelve of the prices given were wrong.
In Philadelphia, a price was given of 21'0
per quart for 4% milk. State Commis
signed, W. P. Sadler of the Milk Market-
ing Administration of Philadelphia wired
us as follows, "RETEL TODAY VIA
HEALTH DEPARTMENT STAN-
DARD MILK UNDER 4 PERCENT 21.5
CENTS PER QUART. GRADE A
MILK NOT OVER 4.3 PERCENT 2.1.5
CENTS PER QUART. MINIMUMS
FIXED BY STATE COMMISSION."
In Durham, N. Carolina the price was
given as 23-24 for 4% milk. The De-
partment of Public Health at Durham,
wired, "REGULAR 23 HEMOGENIZED
24 GUERNSEY 25 EAST 3.85, 3.5, 4.5.
5.8o PER CWT 4.0 BUTTERFAT MILK
PLUS OK MINUS .05 PER POINT. NO
4% SOLD". On and on we could go
with these pricing facts that have been
stated in such a way as to belittle the
Florida dairy industry and do us the most
Unfortunately many phases of the cur-
rent controversy have been misrepresent-
ed in the public print.
This situation is serious. It calls for
the cooperation and combined efforts of
every dairyman in Florida.
18 FLORI DA DAIRY NEWS
DAIRY NEWS DIGEST "
Members of the Dairy Industry througlhout the State are invited to please send to
the "Florida Dairy News" all news about dairies, dairying and the good people who
devote their time, talents and money to this great industry.-The Editor.
Guernsey Meeting to be Held in
Tampa, Friday, February 2
THREE GUERNSEY OFFICIALS and Florida's
extension dairymen will speak when the
Florida Guernsey Cattle Club holds its
annual meeting at Tampa's Floridian Ho-
tel, Friday, February 2.
Announcement of the session was made
by John L. Sargent of Lakeland, presi-
dent of the club. Election of officers and
directors for the coming year is also sched-
uled during the meeting.
Meeting will begin at lo:oo a. m., Sar.
gent reported. Speakers will include Carl
Musser, secretary of the American Guern-
sey Cattle Club, U. Frank Johnson, direc-
tor of milk marketing for Golden Guern-
sey, Inc., J. McC. Jeter, southeastern repre-
sentative of the American Guernsey Cattle
Club, and C. W. Reaves, extension Ser-
vice at Gainesville.
Session is being held at Tampa to tie
in with Guernsey judging at the Florida
State Fair which will be held on the pre-
ceding Wednesday. Other dairy breeds
will be judged on Thursday, February i.
Florida Cattlemen Elect
Radebaugh at Daytona Beach
CUSHMAN S. RADEBAUGH of Orlando is the
new president of the Florida State Cat-
tlemen's Association-elected at the State
convention in Daytona Beach November
9 where several far-reaching resolutions
were passed and delegates heard Loren C.
Bamert of lone, California, and Alfred
C. McKethan of Brooksville deliver major
Election of the Orlandoan, who has
been first vice president for the past year,
climaxed the Thursday meeting. Ben
Hill Griffin of Frostproof became first
vice president, and Walter F. Bronson of
Orlando and George Kempfer of Deer
Park were elected second vice presidents.
Secretary June Gunn and Treasurer N.
Ray Carroll, both of Kissimmee, were re-
Major resolutions were passed urging
that cattle producers and workers be in-
cluded in any manpower draft, that the
"Florida beef" bill be repealed, and that
all retired presidents be members of the
board of directors and no president serve
for longer than two years.
Bamert, who is president of the Ameri-
can National Livestock Association, re-
viewed national policies on such matters
as a new OPA (national is opposed) and
lowering federal grade requirements (na-
tional is for).
McKlethan, who is chairman of the State
Road Department emphasized the second-
ary road financing provided by the 9-t9
legislature and its value to cattle produc-
ers, and asked, "What can dto more to de-
velop the cattle industry in Florida than a
good system of roads."
Directors, in addition to referring sev-
eral matters to the convention, also ap-
proved holding a joint meeting of legis-
lative committees of FSCA and Florida
Dairy Industry Association in Orlando
Tip for Distributors: Expand
By Offering New Orange Drink
ONLY A FEW OLD TIMERS recall the days
when oranges were reserved as a special
treat for the kiddies at Christmastime.
Even today, "seasonal" thinking in our
industry continues to govern the sale of
some dairy specialties although more
and more progressive distributors are prov-
ing with profit that every day can be
a holiday with a good sideline.
It's just possible, for instance, that some
customers might enjoy an egg nog out
of season. While no dairy can profitably
attempt to go into the business of "'satis-
fying cravings" it can and should -
make available the product that can be
economically produced and delivered.
Taking popular specialities out of the
strict "holiday" category and promoting
them for year-round party or festive con-
sumption pays off big.
One of the best and most popular 'spec-
ialties of this type is the increasingly pop-
ular non-carbonated orange drink.
Homes, churches and schools provide a
market with ready-made demand for the
dairy willing to take the necessary steps
to exploit it. And, in many cases, the
sole exploitation needed, is the frequent
reminder to customers that you have what
they want whenever they want it.
McGregor Dairy, DeLand,
Acquired by Northern Dairyman
THE SUNNYHILL DAIRY FARM, DeLand,
formerly owned by M. S. McGregor, has
been purchased by Gordon Swebilius of
New Haven, Conn. Mr. Swebilius, an ex-
perienced Dairyman, is said to have large
holdings in New Haven and his son, Carl,
will manage the Sunnyhill Dairy Farm.
It is reported that the Dairy plans to add
an additional 1oo Dairy cows to the pre-
sent herd of about 50 Jersey, Guernsey
and Holstein cows.
NOW AVAILABLE SUPPLY LIM-
ITED QUALITY SEED Central
Florida Grown Matured and
Harvested Prior to Freeze
Under the 1951 P.M.A. Soil Conservation
Program, in order to receive maximum credit
for superphosphate applied, legumes must be
seeded. Consult your county agent or P.M.A.
office. For prices and other information, write
M. G. STACEY
P. 0. Box 988
Tampa's Oldest Feed & Fencing Store
FEEDS, BARB WIRE, HOG FENCE, GALVANIZED
ROOFING, POULTRY FENCING, ETC.
P. 0. BOX 1468 TAMPA, FLA.
EAST BROADWAY AT 33RD STREET
37 Years at this Location
Jiffy Insulated Bags and Liners
Box 5463 Five Points Station
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Solid brass lags and
No. 21--FOR NECtK. Ad-
j l 1.hl. tl n u m -
D,-r,-,i bo'h .i.I.-. $13.2',
No. !;--FOR HORNS.
AdjuoLable. $a.2U per
No. 38-DOUBLE PLATE NECK CHAIN.
Upper portion strap, lower portion chain.
$14.50 per dozen.
Write for catalog. Sample mailed for $1.00.
GOLDEN ARROW FARMS
Dcpt. 53 Box 7 Huntington, Indiana
FOR F E B R UA RY, 1 9 5 1 6 19
Greater Service to Industry is
Theme of Sanitarians' Course
"GREATER, MORE WORTH while service to
the dairy industry" is the keynote of in-
truction for sanitarians who attended the
three months course of 'sanitation offered
by the State Board of Health Training
Center in Jacksonville and Gainesville.
A class of sanitarians, usually consisting
of eight members, is selected from applica-
tions throughout the State to attend this
course on sanitation. A portion of th-'
time is devoted to instruction on safety
and control measures
to be used in produc-
.' ^tion and processing
of milk and milk pro-
ducts, which will re-
*- sult in greater con-
sumption of these
products and at the
same time insure a
greater factor of saf'e-
ty for those consu-
S. 0. Noles, Milk Consultant, State
Board of Health, conducts this period of
instruction. Prior to this specific period
designated for milk sanitation, Mr. Hugh
Butner, Sanitary Bacteriologist, Bureau of
Laboratories, State Board of Health, in-
structs the class on laboratory control pro-
cedure's, interpretations, and their use, as
they apply to an overall milk quality con-
trol program. Others who cooperate in
presenting different phases of a good qual-
ity control program are personnel of the
State Department of Agriculture, Dairy Di-
vision, Members of the State Livestock
Sanitary Board, M\lastitis Control and Tu-
berculosis and Bangs Control, 'staff mem-
bers of the University of Florida, Dairy
Division, and representatives of the dairy
In addition to oral instruction and dis-
cussions, visual aids are employed to show
actual working conditions, both in plants
and on producing farms. Field trips are
made to plants and farms where methods
of operation can be observed. Desirable
and undesirable methods are observed dur-
ing these field trips and later discussed.
The theme which is kept uppermost
throughout the whole course of instruc-
tion is "How can we, as regulatory per-
,sonnel, be. of greatest help to the dairy
industry in producing and processing a
product which will be safer and of high-
er quality when it reaches the final con-
The latest group of sanitarians to take
the above course of instruction during
September, October and November, 1950,
are: Marshall L. Bond, David A. Griffith,
Okaloosa County; Edwin E. Hadden, Jr.,
Indian River County, R. Edgar Hodge,
Osceola County, Allen R. Kretschmar,
Manatee County, John S. Massey, Escam-
bia County, Lee N. Reed, Palm Beach
County; Henry Y. Woodard, Jr., Broward
The American Way-
A Communist Problem
"IT's BECOMING increasingly difficult to
reach the downtrodden masses in Ameri-
ca," a comrade wrote to his superior. "In
the spring they're forever polishing their
cars. In the 'summer they take vacations.
In the fall they go to the world series and
football games. And in the winter you
can't get them away from their television
sets. Please give me suggestions on how
to let them know how oppressed they are."
-PROF. DEXTER WILLIAMS
THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION of Milk Sanit-i-
rians will hold their seventh annual meet-
ing and short course on the University of
Florida campus in Gainesville on April
11-13. An informative program is plan-
ned which will include such timely topics
as-Clean Milk Production-Quaterna-
ries in Dairies-Combine Milkers-High
Temperature Short Time Pasteurization
-Milking Practices and Mastitis-Tank
Trucks-Antibiotics in Milk-Feeding and
Milk Composition-and also a panel dis-
cussion by several members of the associa-
tion of the various new ideas and papers
presented last fall at the International
Meeting at Atlantic City.
Milk Sanitarians, general sanitarians,
laboratory technicians, health officers,
plant superintendents and fieldmen who
are interested are urged to plan now to
attend this meeting. For entertainment
and fellowship a banquet will be held on
one night and special selected movies, (in-
cluding some on the Dade County Florida
Milk Program) will be shown at a night
Specially selected outside speakers from
such well-known dairy supply companies
as Cherry-Burrell, De Laval, Rohm gc
Haas, Johnson & Johnson, will take part
in the program in addition to the staff
members of the Department of Dairy
Science, University of Florida.
Supply of Feed
CITRUS PULP PROCESSORS in the State, real-
izing that the demand for citrus pulp
would be heavy during the autumn months
before the new season's production got
started in a major way, endeavored to
provide and maintain ample stocks to
meet the situation. They did not want
to be confronted again with the position
they found themselves in during the fall
of 1949 when their supplies were prac-
tically exhausted during a period of heavy
demand. While producers in the State
had built up and set aside stocks which
they thought were ample to meet the
heavy fall demand prior to this season's
major operations, the early blizzards
throughout the United States which killed
off pastures earlier and more severely
than usual, have created a demand for cit-
rus pulp throughout the Eastern half of
the United States which is unprecedented.
Although production of pulp this sea-
son through December has been just
about equal to production for the same
period last season, the movement has been
almost 5o% more than the current pro-
duction which has brought available sup-
plies of pulp down below the supplies on
hand at this same time last season.
Production is expected to be stepped up
during the remainder of this season and
supplies should be ample to take care
of not only the feeders here in Florida,
but also the expanded out-of-state de-
"Dixson Company" Succeeds
THE DIxsoN COMPANY of Atlanta and
Jacksonville has been announced as suc-
cessor to Brown-Rogers-Dixson Company,
long an active distributor of Dairy Sup-
plies and Equipment in the Southeast.
This Company was one of the first "Al-
lied Trades" and "Alligator Club" mem-
bers of the Florida Association after this
division of the membership was formed.
Officers of the Dixson Company are:
Herman Dixson, Chairman of the Board;
G. A. Hanes, President and Treasurer;
Chas. L. Engers, Vice-President; H. A.
Houchins, Secy.; and John Kite, Assis-
Charles Engers is manager of the Jack-
In announcing the change, Mr. Her-
man Dixson said, "We are proud to an-
nounce the change of the Brown-Rogers-
Dixson Company to 'The Dixson Com-
pany' of Atlanta and Jacksonville, with
the same top quality and service."
20 FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS
Seventh Annual Meet of April
Sanitarians to be Held in Milk
High Protein Equivalent Citrus Molasses (Hyproteq)
SOLD THROUGH FEED DEALERS EVERYWHERE
Contact By-Products Division-87-061 Auburndale
For Jan. 18
FRANCIS J. DAVIS, manager, Ralston Pur-
ina Feed Co., Tampa, was elected Presi-
dent of the Florida Feed Dealers Asso-
ciation at their organization's Annual
Meeting and Feed Nutrition Conference
held in Gainesville, November 9-10o. Mr.
Davis succeeds John E. Gray, of the Se-
curity Mills of Tampa; John Gray, Secur-
ity Feed Co., of Ocala.
At the same time announcement was
made by Dr. George K. Davis, University
of Florida animal nutritionist, of plans
for a regional feed nutrition conference at
Marianna January 18. The conference,
to be held from to a.m. to 3 p.m. in the
Chipola Hotel, is 'sponsored jointly by
the association and the experiment sta-
Other officers include:
Carl Reger, Hector Supply Co., Miami,
Vice President; Joe Rhyne, Howard Feed
Mills, Jacksonville, Secretary; Keith Mor-
gan, Jackson Grain Co., Tampa, Treas-
Directors include: R. K. Alexander, Se-
curtiy Mills of Tampa; John Gray, Secur-
ity Feed 9c Seed Co., Ocala; Mark Munroe,
Gadsden Feed Mills, Quincy; Earl John-
son, Johnson Brothers, Gainesville; Roger
Eikelberry, General Mills, Miami; Tom
Preston, Checkerboard Feed Store, Or-
lando; Earl Myers, W. M. Igou, Inc., Eus-
tis; R. B. Webster, Webster &- Hull, Jack-
sonville; Russell W. Thompson, Thomp-
son Hilliard Milling Co., DeFuniak
Principal features of the Marianna pro-
Address by Mr. Francis Davis, Pres. of
the Feed Dealers Assn.
Discussions on "Sanitation & Manage-
ment as Related to Animal Health". Led
by Dr. Chas. F. Simpson.
"Dairy Feeding for Best Performance"
by Dr. Sidney Marshall.
"What We Need in Minerals for Flor-
ida Livestock" by Dr. George Davis.
Dried Citrus Pulp
Sweetened Citrus Pulp
Dried Citrus Meal
Plain Citrus Molasses
NO HOOKS! NO LATCHES!
FAST, POSITIVE CONNECTIONS
PUSH, CLICK! IT'S ENGAGED! Water pres.
sure automatically seals the connection.
A TWIST, A PULL! IT'S APART! Saves
steps, eliminates latching and unlatching.
1 9 5 1 9 21
It's in the
WHATEVER YOUR IRRIGATION PROBLEM.
CAN HELP YOU...
AMES designs systems for all methods of
controlled irrigation: SPRINKLE (Hand-
Move orTow-A-Line), FURROW and FLOOD.
Select the one best suited to your crous.
W. R. AMES CO.
3905 East Broadway, Tampa 5, Florida
THE CAMERON & BARKLEY CO.
Tampa Orlando Miami
ADAMS PACKING ASSN., INC.
Citrus Pulp, Citrus Meal, Citrus Molasses
J. L. Coates, Sales Mgr. By-Products Div.
Auburndale, Fla. Phone 8-7016
EX-CELLO CORPN. PURE-PAK
Paper Bottle Machines Electro-Pure
Pasteurizers -- W. Radke
1680 Peachtree N. W. Atlanta, Ga.
GULF PAPER COMPANY, INC.
Ice (Cream (Linerless) Carton., Butter Cartons
i. H. Mcl'oy
50 E. Magnolia St., Pensacola, Fla.
DOUGLAS J. HEADFORD
;Green Spot Orangeade Concentrate
(il6 JDssaoine Ave. Phone 4356
Daytona Beach, Fla.
ROBERT A. JOHNSTON CO.
W)airy Chocolate & Cocoa Products
1. i. Haninons P'l. Dearborn 2811
507 Nelson Ferry Rd., Decatur, Ga.
KIECKHEFER CONTAINER CO.,
CAMDEN, N. J.
Puire-Pak Paper MAlilk Cartons
R. .. EvanA Phone 8-52!1(i
3343 Post St., Jacksonville, Fla.
KLENZADE PRODUCTS, INC.
Chleinicals for Dairy and Food Plant
Sanitation H. B. Alilefeldt
Union Term'l Whse., Jacksonville, Fla.
MEYER-BLANKE CO.-Dairy Supplies
"E'erything But the Cow"
Jim Camlpbell Ph. 6-1366
2701 Dauphin St., Mobile, Ala.
PAUL-LEWIS LABORATORIES, INC.
activatee For Preventation of oxidized flavors
in bottled milk Redland Brands
26 N.E. 27th St., Miami, Fla.
PURE CARBONIC CO.
Carbonic Gas h& "Dry Ice"
T. A. McMakin Ph. 7-8431
Strickland & McDuff Sts., Jax., Fla.
RALSTON PURINA COMPANY
Mills at Tampa and Miami
"A Daily Program that increases capacity
and milking life of your Herd"
RIVERSIDE MANUFACTURING CO.
James M. Stewart Phone 3-3287
306 Lakeview Ave., Apt. 406, Orlando
In Pulp Concern
\fMR. J. M. KUDER, for 17 years head of the
Kuder citrus feed and feed by-products
industries bearing his name, announced
today that he and his organization as of
September i made arrangements to ac-
quire all of the interests of Mr. David
Giddings, who has been working for the
Kuder companies since 1937. Mr. Kuder
stated that he understands Mr. Giddings
plans to devote his time to the grove and
ranch business. Mr. Gidding's was a cit-
rus grower in California before going to
work for Mr. Kuder. Also as of Septem-
ber ist the Kuder Citrus Pulp Company
had purchased the interest of Mr. E. B.
Smoak in its company. Mr. Smoak was
sales manager of the Kuder Pulp Com-
pany, but has not been active in the oper-
ation of the company for several years.
He is now operating a cattle ranch near
The Kuder Citrus Pulp Company sold
their Lake Alfred plant to Pasco Packing
Company in November 1949. More re-
cently the Kuder Citrus Pulp Company
has purchased a 35oo-acre, cattle ranch and
a ioo-acre orange grove. The Kuder or-
ganization is using the ranch not only for
growing high-grade beef cattle but also
for experiment's with their feeds and by-
products, in order that they may further
prove their value to the cattlemen of
Florida. 'The company intends to run
extensive feeding trials and other experi-
ments which will be of interest to the
beef cattlemen of the State.
It was pointed out that the Kuder or-
ganization is now operating or supervising
five plants in the State of Florida. The
Kuder Pulp Sales Company is distributing
through regular feed dealers the. produc-
tion of these five plants. It is interesting
to note that approximately 25% of the
feed and feed by-products manufactured
in the State during the 1949-50 season was
distributed by their organization.
Their sales company, of which Mr. Mal-
lory Roberts of Winter Haven is sales
manager, will continue to distribute the
entire production of all of these plants.
Mr. Roberts has been identified with the
feed business for 20 years. It was empha-
sized by Mr. Kuder that his organization
could most effectively do a good job of
merchandising their products through
their own specialty men who are familiar
with feeds and feeding as well as the prob-
lems of the dealers, the dairy men, and
the beef cattlemen.
Mr. Kuder emphasized that he felt very
definitely that all canners who produce
citrus feeds should become more conver-
Air view of the' ktlder Pulp Conmpany
plant, w7o1e hIe'adqua rters aire in Lake
sant with the problems of the feeder. As
more is learned about the value of the
various by-products of the citrus industry,
a real effort should be made to convey to
the feeder a's much of this information as
possible. This can be accomplished by a
complete understanding on the part of
the feed manufacturer not only of his
own products but of its application to the
dairy and beef cattle industries. By
spreading of such information a greater
profit for all concerned can be realized.
THE MIAID was cleaning the house after
a big party. Half way up the stairs to the
second floor she found one of the solid
silver spoons. "My goodness," she mur-
tmured as she picked it up, "one of the
guests had a hole in his pocket."
Ice ('reamn Cabinets, Frozen Food Cabinets
W. G. ll'iighli Phone 4201
333 Harbor Drive, Venice, Fla.
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Tampa Proof Seals & Machinery
1121 duPont Bldg., Miami, Fla.
STEIN HALL & CO., INC.
Ex-Cello Glue, Powered Egg Yolk,
Stabilizers, Coconut L. A. Gaston
3912 San Juan, Tampa, Ph. 62-0171
STANDARD CAP & SEAL CORP.
Milk Bottle Closures
Bob Smith, 264 Peachtree St., Atlanta
Larry Hodge, duPont Bldg., Miami
TESCO CHEMICALS, INC.,
ATLANTA 5, GA.
Anhydrous Ammonia, Liquid Chlorine
Amica-Burnett Co., Jacksonville
C. S. Johnson, Tampa -
W. L. Filbert, Miami
22 0 FLORI DA DAIRY NEWS
regulation of Fluid Milk F
rotects Public and Indusi
INESSNMEN and practical economists have sections of the State.
ie to realize that the free enterprise s,'s- In forty-three metropol
works best through the elimination der Federal Control, mini:
price-cutting below reasonable levels. ulations are in effect only
free enterprise system can survive if trols are in operation in
people under it are starving as a re- not under State control, w
of price-cutting. It is this duty that this control being center
gressive States and the Federal govern- Illinois-Indiana-Ohio area
it have taken over in their establish- in the Mississippi Valley a
it of minimum "floor" price levels, the Atlantic seaboard is u
control and regulation of milk prices of milk price control excep
cts over one-half of all the fluid milk
ply of the Nation. Indirectly, the el- School Lunch
s of this control stabilizes pricing in
the other uncontrolled areas. Continued from p
ixteen states and forty-three metro- close some school lunch pi
itan cities, affecting the bulk of the or discontinue free meals
-I-* :- r. I. or discontinue fre meals I..,.
Ile 1 I n. ...,. >-.-. ^..... -
grTams; reduce we purchase milk for school lunches.
raise the sale Some forms are les's expensive than others.
Tr ....... n-io1 mill, inl1 nowrlered whole
UlIaLLI)II OL LI U I IILHt JLdILC.^, IlIi\I N p
ished minimum prices to protect both pr
public and the industry and insure a
icient quantity of pure, wholesome cli.
. to adults and especially children. thi
he Secretary of Agriculture of the
ted States is authorized by Congress
operate with milk producers and dis- pe
utors throughout the country to es-
ish orderly milk marketing procedures -
one step further and establish mini- ti
n and maximum milk prices, whether
to the producers, distributors or con-
various milk control laws and regula-
re -iI cim-ilnr in their snone of ail-
c to the residents with special regard
he health and welfare of the children.
e Commission is charged with basing
)rices upon all conditions affecting the
c industry, including the amount neces- ,
to yield a reasonable return to the 60
lucer and a reasonable profit to the sth
c handlers. Directors of the Peinnsyl- do
ia Board are effective in all populous
eties ot toods served (many lunches "It
-served are inadequate) : or reduce or cla
continue the 'service of milk? All of mi
e things have happened before when eqi
:s were exhausted. They are now hap- sor
ing again and will in all likelihood of
tinue to happen in increasing amounts as
the remainder of this year. For ex-
In March 1947 Federal funds were so th(
rly exhausted that drastic rate reduc- frl
is were made. The percentage of o01
lhes served without milk increased nc'
n approximately 1i% in February to ex]
in March and 21% in April. By
y many school lunch programs had foi
ed for the year. Quite a few of these P1'
grams did not re-open the following wi
A USDA report states that a "price iln
Licipation study" conducted in 582 fol
)ols in 24 states on school lunch prices att
ws that "200 is the 'resistance price' cui
the majority of the children. When wi
price goes above 200 it becomes re- frc
'teen thousand lbs. of milk last year, v
Ibs. of butterfat, a blue ribbon at the to
e fair, didn't take a day off and what ti(e
I get? A bale of hay!" cai
-From "Hoard's Dairyman" thi
-, 1-11VI -Y 1 -1 -1.'" ....... ....
ned to the equivalent of fresh whole
. Dried skim milk, although not the
valent of fresh whole milk, was spon-
d by the USDA and state departments
education as a school lunch beverage
ir back as 1947.
is preferred that schools use fresh
le milk, but it is also essential that
poT-r- nrlenaite airmounts of protein.
that the reimbursement rate must be
at this particular time. We have had
[in the last two weeks two killing
ts. We are anticipating an increase
he number of free lunches in the near
.re." Many may find it impossible to
tinue a twenty-five cent lunch includ-
milk. In this event it may be neces-
to consider increasing the lunch to
,l811Jl. vv11I111 L11 ll L-t uL / *lllult rl^
s sufficient funds for school purposes
neet the requirements of the founda-
program, Florida's 'school children
receive adequate lunches at a price
can afford to pay.
MIRS. H. B. 'THlO\MAS, president
Edited by MRS. E. T. LAY
President Shirley Thomas is Ladies' Entertainment
Chairman at Southern Ice Cream Convention
WITH1- THE BIG Sou-
thern Ice Cream
right in her own
town (Palm Beach)
and knowing of the
fine job she did for
the ladies of the Flor-
ida Association at
the same Hotel
(Palm Beach Bilt-
more), it was only
natural that Shirley
Thomas, President of
the Florida Associa-
tion Ladies' Auxil-
iary would be selected as Chairman for
the Ice Cream Convention.
Shirley reports the following interesting,
activities for the over 200 ladies who at-
tended the Convention: "First, all Flori-
da ladies wore the attractive F.D.I.A. Re-
ception and Welcome Badge furnished by
Executive Secretary Andy Lay. This made
;I fine impression on the out-of-State visi-
tors. Entertainment arranged by our
Committee included a boat trip up Lake
Worth to the Colonnades Hotel and beach
where bridge and canasta were played and
refreshments served. Nice prizes were
presented. On the second day, a buffet
luncheon was enjoyed at the Coral Beach
Club. Here most attractive tropical
plant arrangements decorated each table
and these were given to the ladies at the
close of the luncheon. Gifts were also
provided each one present.
We conducted a shopping and sight-
seeing tour and, of course, had swimming
and golf. The weather was beautiful and
warm which added to the charm of the
attractive grounds of the Palm Beach
First President Writes
I appreciated very much your nice. letter
and the invitation to send a New Year's
message for the Ladies Auxiliary. I will
always be proud of having had the privi-
lege of serving as the first President of the
Ladies' group of the. Florida Dairy Indus-
Although it has not been possible for
me to attend all the meetings, I am al-
ways interested in the activities. I feel
that the progress which has been made in
larger attendance by the ladies and a
greater interest in the affairs of industry
of which we are a part, deserves the high-
The Presidents who have succeeded me
-Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Johnston and Mrs.
Thomas-as well as our fine Secretary
along with your husband, have done an
excellent job. The Dairy News" maga-
zine and the news which it brings is an
especially fine addition to the many acti-
vities which already existed. The ladies'
"Secret Pal Club" formed at the last an-
nual meeting and extended to others of
us present at the annual Gainesville Field
Day meeting, has served to cement our
friendships and sustain a keener interest.
I am already looking forward to meet-
ing with all of you at the 1951 Annual
Meeting next June in St. Petersburg and
want to urge all the ladies of the Associa-
tion to attend.
(Mrs.) Nora Solomon, Quincy
(Ladies are invited to send to the editor, new and
interesting recipes, especially those featuring use of
Hearty Cheese Custard Pie
5 eggs, separated 1 teaspoon salt
1 cup cottage cheese % teaspoon pepper
1 teaspoon celery 2 tablespoons melted
flakes, crumbled butter
1 cup light cream I baked 9-inch
Add egg yolks to cottage cheese. Beat
with rotary beater until well blended and
cheese curds are very fine,.
Add cream, celery flakes, salt, pepper
and melted butter. Beat well with rotary
beater until thoroughly blended.
Beat egg whites until stiff but not dry.
Lightly fold into cheese mixture.
Pour into pastry shell. Bake in hot
oven (450 F.) for so minutes. Reduce
heat to moderate (350 F.) and continue
baking for 20 to 25 minutes or until a
knife comes out clean when inserted in
center. Serve hot garnished with hard-
cooked egg. Four to six servings.
Ladies Attend Southern
Ice Cream Convention
A NUMBER OF Florida auxiliary members
attended the annual convention of the
Southern Ice Cream Manufacturers' Asso-
ciation at Palm Be
ach. December 5, 6 and
Following their election at the 1950 annual meeting, officers
of the ladies' auxiliary arte pictured fromm? left): Mrs. 7oe
NeSnmith of Miami, treasurer; Mrs. H. B. Thomas of West
Palmti Beach, president; Mrs. Vernon Graves of Tampa, vice
president: and iMrs. E. T. Lay of 7acksonville, secretary.
22-B FLO RI DA D A I R Y N EWS
Mrs. J. 0. Bowen of Washington, D. C.,
was among those pre-
sent. She is the wife
of the new president
of the Ice Cream as-
sociation, who is also
S;i p'rst president of
"- ,. the Florida associa-
tion. Formerly of
West Palm Beach
Sand Miami, Mrs.
Bowen was chairman
MRS. BOWEN of the ladies enter-
for the year 1948 annual meeting of the
Florida association at Miami Beach.
Mrs. Stan Brumley of Atlanta, formerly
of Jacksonville, was there with her hus-
MRs. BRUMLEY MRS. Boos
band, who is a past president of the Flori-
da association's "Alligator Club." Stan is
with the Creamery Package Company.
Another visitor was Mrs. W. T. Boos
of Wilson, N.C., a popular member of the
Florida Alligators and Ladies' Auxiliary.
W. T. is with Hackney Body Company.
'Milk Makes Better Bread'
Says Dr. Ouida Abbott
"STIR UP those biscuits with milk" is the
advice of Dr. Ouida Abbott, head of the
Home Economics Department of the Agri-
cultural Experiment Station, University
For the past five years Dr. Abbott and
her staff have carried on an extensive ex-
periment with breads of all types because
This picture of the first group of the Florida Association's Ladies' Auxiliary was
taken at the Miami Beach Annual Meeting in 7uly, 1948. This group organized the
Ladies' Auxiliary and elected Mrs. Nora Solomon, first President. This is more
evidence that the ladies enjoy attending the Association's meetings.
of the ever present public complaint that
bakeries are not producing the, "staff of
life", as they claim. The Agricultural
Experiment Staff have proved conclusive-
ly that the average loaf of bakery bread
does need protein.
A University of Florida Agricultural Ex-f
periment Bulletin soon to be released is
the illustrated story of how a bread diet
not including milk affects the weight,
bone structure and bodily health of rats.
Using 21 day old rats as subjects, each
rat was kept on a diet of bread made with
water for 13 weeks and then switched to a
diet of all known food essentials including
milk. X-ray pictures showed how the
bone development was retarded in rats
previously fed bread diets containing no
milk. In some cases bones became so
small or malformed that the rats were
crippled. A milk supplement added to
the bread diet provided an adequate in-
take of protein and other food essentials
so that further supplementation was with-
The answer to the women's' organiza-
tions throughout the state that are inter-
ested in remedying the deficiencies of ba-
kery bread will be found in Dr. Abbott's
conclusions: BREAD NEEDS MORE
PROTEIN and the best way to supply
this need is with milk.
Dairy Lady of the Month:
MRS. WILLIE MAE WELKENER
MRS. WILLIE MAE WELKENER is selected as
as first "Lady of the Month" by Florida
Dairy News because of her active interest
and participation in both their own Dairy
and Dairy affairs in general. Mrs. Welken-
er is the wife of Walter Welkener of the
Holly Hill Dairy, Jacksonville.
This picture was taken while she was
keenly interested in the West Florida 4-H
and FFA Dairy Show
Sat Chipley, Fla., Nov.
16. She and Walter
had taken one of
their prize. Jersey
Bull Calves to pre-
sent it on behalf of
the Florida Jersey
Cattle Club as one
of the Grand Awards
MRS. WELKENER in the show.
Mrs. Welkener was born in Alabama,
lived in New Jersey for a time and has
been a resident of Florida the past 18
In addition to attending just about all
Dairy Meetings, she not only keeps a
pretty home at their Holly Hill Farm but
makes and maintains all pedigree, regis-
tration and production records of the
purebred Jersey Herd. Also all accounts
and finance records for both the farm and
distributing operations of the Dairy.
Hobbies are Jerseys, camellias, Dairy
meetings and shows, and assisting in 4-H
Club girls' projects in Dairy Animals.
Reads everything including Good
Housekeeping, Country Gentleman, Cos-
mopolitan, Farm Quarterly, Hoard's
Dairyman, The Jersey Breeder, Jersey
Bulletin and FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS.
Fertilize Your Pasture
(Any Analysis 'You Need)
Lime, Dolomite or
We can obtain these materials for
you in any quantity needed.
WE CONTRACT BY THE JOB
See us for free estimates and soil test.
W. E. Avant
607 N. Evelyn Ave. Phone 33444
Systems and Supplies
Would you like to
cut your feed bill
25% to 50%?
Investigate the rich
muck land pas-
tures in the Ever-
glades. Ask for
free soil sample.
C. A. BAILEY
Specializing in Muck Pasture Land
P. 0. Box 216 Belle Glade, Fla.
FOR FEBRUARY, 195 1 23
1950 was Record Year for Dai
gIndustry in Florida, Says Scoti
by JOHN M. SCOTT into Florida this year than ever :
0 Chrief Dairy Supervisor The importation of 40 percent of
State Department of Agriculture cream was just about the same as th.
WHEN ALL THE FIGURES are in and sum- before. The same is true for c
marized, they will no doubt show that the cheese.
dairymen of Florida produced more milk The organization of some twelve o
nAIRY A[IPF RATION in 1950 than in any previous year. This teen Artificial Breeding Associatic
does not necessarily mean that the
SHOW CATTLE FEED men had the most prosperous yea
cause they had problems to worry
_n A Ivr nrn n orve just like any other businessman.
I - -- -
WOIhIP Ef-Wff Another point to consider is tlh
j A A NAj^ -that the majority of dairymen milk(
COM PANY ^ter cows, by this we mean that th(
milked were better producers of
This increased production, was d
several factors; better cows, improve(
tures, better feeding and milking
NAA EL 'l Our better dairymen, by the ,
M IN ERA LS improved pastures and methods of
per cow per ulay irom two gallons tI
gallons. It is this extra gallon per d;
increases the profits of the dairyma
In 1949 there were about 87,930 c
the commercial dairy herds in the St
1950, the total cows in commercial
oef herds was about 97,420, or an incr(
E !9,490 cows. In addition to the ii
m- in the commercial dairy cows, the:
le- also an increase in the. number of
cows in 1950 over 1949. This incr
om estimated at about i,ooo head.
on Our total number of dairy cows ii
m-n ida, both the commercial herds anm
rm- ily cows, is about 165,00o for 1950.
3E shows a gain of about 10,490 over
LE The total milk production in th(
er during the year was not far from 8
er I16 gallons. Some of this was surp]
se this we mean that all of the milk
ed not be sold for bottling purposes.
:H of the surplus milk was converted
cream and cottage cheese. The p
tion of milk in 1949 was about 72,0
Over in northwest Florida a
amount of Florida-produced milk
C. a market in Alabama. If we dedu
amount of Florida milk sold in
)A states from the total gallons of mi
ported, we find less milk was iml
be- velopment and growth of the dairy
with try during the year. This mean;
(luring the next few years the dai
'ather dustry will continue to grow as the
times, men will raise and grow-out their re
rain, ments. This means that dairymen
ng of have better cows and more calves
they have ever had before. This co
Ue to year, 20,000 to 25,000 cows will be
than by various Artificial Breeding A
.mber Several new milk plants have
good built during the year, two of these
than are among the largest in the State.
of these plants are of the latest desig
: fact all equipment is of the latest models
1 bet- able. These plants will compare v,
cows vorably with any milk plant's found
ie to A great many people from outsik
I pas- State, and some within the bordi
meth- Florida, seem to have the idea that
cows in Florida do not compare
se of favorably with dairy cows in other
milk- Thirty or forty years ago this was tru
action during the past twenty years many
three have changed, and one of these ha,
That the quality of the dairy cows in the
n. of Florida.
*ws in The commercial dairy herds c
te. In State, during the past ten or fifteen
dairy have been replaced about ever,
ise of years; or to put it another way, tl
:rease of a dairy cow in the commercial hi
e was about four years. As a result, our
family men cover the greater part of the I
ase is States each year, looking for good
cows they can buy, and therefore
Flor- dairy herds are a good cross section
fam- class of dairy cows found elsewhere
This So, as you can see, the picture fI
1949. past year and the coming years look!
State for an increased dairy industry in th(
,4;33,- of Florida.
t the "
k im- you thknttk y qoi
as close as your
Hundreds of commercial b
producers use MAXCY'S RAN
MINERAL regularly as a cc
plete, balanced mineral supf
ment for their herds.
Dairymen, too, can profit fr
the experience of Latt Maxcy
his own herds-experience e
bodied in the scientific cc
pounding of MAXCY'S RAN
MINERAL and MAXCY'S CAT
DRENCH. Write for our fol,
or ask your Eshleman dec
for information about th,
products. The MINERAL is pad
in 50 pound bags, the DREN
in gallons or dose-size bottle
E. R. JOHNSTON, Manager
Salute to Solons
(Continued from page 9)
to the bone. It is ab-
so lutely necessary ,,,
that the people of
the United States
present a united .....
front in order that
we may preserve our
form of government
and our way of life." A
-Chester B. McMul- -.I J
len, Member of Con-
The year 1951 will be a definite chal-
lenge to America and the American peo-
ple. It is the beginning of the future.
Needless to say, the
manner in which we
face this challenge
'Ind the way we (on-
duct ourselves in ris-
Sing to meet this chal-
lenge, will determine
our country's future
and our continued
way of life. I have
confidence that the
LANTAFF American p e o p 1 e
will join togehter, as they have on many
occasions in the past, to display that our
government-of the people, by the peo
pie, and for the people-shall not perish
from this earth.-Bill Lantoff, Member of
"I am delighted
1 to add my congratula-
tions to those that
have poured in from
other Floridians for
your new magazine,
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS.
Certainly this indica-
tion of cooperation
a n d informational
exchange will be
beneficial and stim-
ulating to the entire
industry. Best of luck
Smathers, U. S. Senate.
Specification Bulletins Available
For Sanitary 3-A Standards
Announcement is received from the Flor-
ida Association of Milk Sanitarians that
Specification Bulletins for Sanitary 3-A
Standards are available at a nominal
cost from the International Association
of Milk and Food Sanitarians, 44 Mar-
shall St., Rochester 2, N. Y.
Two Bulletins are 50c each. These
are for "Fittings Used on Milk Equip-
ment" and "Thermometer Fittings and
30 Years of Furnishing
DAIRY SUPPLIES & EQUIPMENT
GEARED TO MEET YOUR PARTICULAR NEEDS
and SUPPLY COMPANY
"LOUDEN" Barn Equipment
Ice Cream Machinery
601 East Church St., Jacksonville
127 N.E. 27th St., Miami
FOR FEBRUARY, 1951 25
For Better Beef
GROW BETTER GRASS
Use time tested
FEi 0 RI
source for dairy
Equipment & Supplies
CHEMICAL & SUPPLY
P. 0. BOX 2328
is proud to announce
we are now handling
PLATES & VATS
FILLERS & CAPPERS
TRUCK & RECEIVING TANKS
SPECIALTY BRASS &
and Many Others Plus
a Complete Line of
We Invite Your Inquiry
Editor, The Dairy News:
Thank you for furnishing us copy of the
first issue of the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS. I have
enjoyed reading it. The magazine should
provide much needed information for Dairy-
MRS. TEI.IMA FLANAGAN
State Dept. of Education.
Editor, The Dairy News:
Today we received our copies of Volume i,
Number I of the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS and
would like to add our congratulations to the
many you are receiving on this publication
which we are reading with a great deal of
Hillsborough County Farm Agent,
Editor, The Dairy News:
Your new magazine, The FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS, came today and it so interesting that
I read it from cover to cover.
I should like to congratulate you on the
magazine and say I am sure it will meet a
need. I hope it will enjoy a great success.
ROGERS W. ADDINC.TON, Dist. Sales.
Mgr., Southern Dairies, Inc., Tampa,
Editor, The Dairy News:
I want to congratulate you on the DAIRY
NEWS. As you know, this is what I have al-
ways felt the Dairy Association needed.
Wishing you the best of luck, I am,
ERNEST R. GRAHAM, PRESIDENT
Graham's Dairy, Inc., Miami, Fal.
Editor, The Dairy News:
Just received the first copy of your FLORI-
DA DAIRY NEWS. It's swell!
Congratulations on a good job well started.
It's much, much bigger and more ambitious
than I had any idea you were planning. No
reason under the sun why it shouldn't do a
fine service for your industry.
Ohio Dairy Products Assn., Colum-
Editor, The Dairy News:
I was agreeably surprised to find your first
issue of the FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS so well edi-
ted and wish to congratulate you on a job
extremely well done.
FLORIDA CITRUS CANNERS COOPERATIVE
Editor, The Dairy News:
After having read the first issue of FLORIDA
DAIRY NEWS, I wish to commend you on the
fine job you and your staff did on it. You
have certainly included a diversity of topics,
which should make it of interest to everyone
with the dairy industry.
(MRS.) JULIA F. FOSTER, Director
Dairy Council of Jacksonville
Editor, The Dairy News:
I should like to congratulate you upon
your new publication the FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS. It strikes me as being a very worth
while trade association publication and
should be interesting and informative to your
WILLIAM U. NORWOOD, JR.
Editor, The Dairy News:
We have just looked over the November
issue (and first issue) of the FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS, and I want to congratulate you and
your associates on turning out a very inter-
esting and very readable publication.
From 1935 to 1941, I travelled Florida for
our Company, and many of the personalities
mentioned in this first issue, are known to
me personally. Consequently, the issue was
particularly interesting to me.
In my opinion, the dairymen in Florida
are more closely banded together than the
dairymen in other states (with which I am
familiar), and the publication of the FLORIDA
DAIRY NEWS will tend to enhance that bond.
HUGH KITCHEN, Merchandising Mgr.
Green Spot, Inc., Los Angeles
Editor, The Dairy News:
The initial issue of the FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS has just come to us, and we want to
congratulate you on this splendid issue. It
should make an excellent appeal to those en-
gaged in the dairy industry in your state.
FRANK G. BISHOP, American Jersey
Editor, The Dairy News:
May I take this opportunity on behalf of
the Department of Dairy Science at the Uni-
versity of Florida to compliment you and
others who have worked with you on the
very fine Vol. I, No. i issue of FLORIDA DAIRY
NEWS. This publication should meet a long
standing need for a connecting link between
the Association, the University of Florida, and
individuals in the state of Florida who are
interested in any phase of dairying.
E. L. FOUTS, Head of Department
University of Florida
Editor, The Dairy News:
We have received our initial copy of the
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS and wish to express our
congratulations to the Florida Dairy Industry
Association and yourselves in providing the
dairymen of Florida with such a fine publi-
ADAMS PACKING ASSOCIATION, INC.
Editor, The Dairy News:
I was glad to receive the first issue of the
FLORIDA DAIRY NEWS and to see the large
amount of dairy news and good articles which
it included. You have set a fast pace for
C. W. REAVES Florida State Extension
26 F L O R I D A D A I
000 0 0 00 0 000 0
THE HIGHEST QUALITY
R F000000, 1000000001 27
FOR FEBRUARY, 195 1 27
Practical dairymen in Florida and throughout the United States have proven conclu-
sively that you get more milk production at lower costs when you feed Florida citrus pulp.
This concentrated carbohydrate tfeed is extremely high in TDN. Florida citrusgpulp
is mildly laxative and imparts a sleek appearance to the cow, giving them a glossier coat of
hair. The fiber content is extremely low and it contains factors which stimulate milk pro-
duction that imparts no unnatural flavor to the
Dried Citrus Pulp produced in Florida, con-
tains important minerals-calcium, magnesium,
phosphate, iron, copper, zinc, and 'manganese,
essential in milk production and aninial-growth.
A bulky feed which keeps well in storage,
Florida Citrus Pulp is available the year 'round.
This pulp can be fed either wet or dry but because
it is more convenient, sanitary, and requires less
labor, it is suggested that it be fed in the dry form.
For further details, consult your dealer or write direct
to Citrus Processors Ass'n., Box 188-C, Lakeland, Florida.
This association, composed of manufacturers of Floria
citrus pulp and Florida citrus molasses, will be happy to
assist you in your feeding problems.
Florida Citrus Pulp-
HIGHEST TDN FOR THE LOWEST COST