DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
U. S. GEOGRAPHICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN REGION
J. W. POWELL IN CHARGE
*. -:*A" : -...
. *.. . .
*,'*.': 'AMES OWEN DO: E'~.
"::'. **. ** *"*'.'
S* *. . ** :* .
gOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE,
Letter of transmittal................................................................. xi
Preface.................................-- --------................... ......................... xv
List of the author's Siouan publications ....................- .................................. xvii
MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Introduction to the Texts....................-..........................-..................... 1
Authorities..................-------------------- ------ --- ------------------................
List of sounds in the (egiha Language ....................... ................................ 4
Abbreviations ........................................................ ........................ 7
How the Rabbit killed the male Winter ....................................... ................ 9
How the Rabbit caught the Sun in a trap .....................--............... ........... .... 13
How the Rabbit killed the Black bears. First version.... 7 .................. ................ 15
Second version ................ .-........-........-... 20
How the Rabbit killed a Giant......................................................-- .......... 22
How the Rabbit went to the Sun.-................... ......-...............-- ........ .......... 525
'How the Rabbit killed the Devouring Hill ............................ ........................ 32
How the Rabbit cured his wound .......--...................-.....................-- ........ 335
The Rabbit and Ictinike ..................................................................... 3 8
The Rabbit and the Grizzly bear ................................................. ............ 43
The young Rabbit and Ictinike ............................................................... 50
SiQemakan's adventure as a deer ..---.............--.......-.. .-.....-----------------.......... 57
Ictinike, the Turkeys, Turtle, and Elk ..................................................... 60
Ictinike and the Elk.......--....---..----..---- ----.--........-.-----..- ..........--.........- 70
Ictinike and the Buzzard ..................................- ...-............ ----... -......- ... 74
Ictinike, the Brothers, and Sister ............................................................. 79
Ictinike and the Deserted Children ........................................................- 83
Ictinike, the Coyote, and the Colt...... ......... ................................-............ 96
The Puma and the Coyote .................................................................... 99
The Coyote and the Buffaloes ................................................................. 102
Wahan4icige's adventure as a rabbit .....................................-------................. 107
Wahan icige and Wakandagi. First version .............................. .................... 108
Second version ................................................ 116
Wahanficige and the Buffalo-woman. First version........................................... 131
Second version ......................................... 140
Third version.......................................... 142
The Corn-woman and the Buffalo-woman ..................................................... 147
The adventures of Hinqpe-agee .........................................- ...... .............. 162
The Chiefs son and the Thunders ............................................................ 176
The Chiefs son, the Snake-woman, and the Thunders.......................................... 189
Two-Faces and the Twin Brothers ............................................................ 207
The Brothers, the Sister, and the Red bird..................................................... 219
The adventures of Haxige. First version .................................... ............... 226
Second version .................................................... 244
How the Big Turtle went on the war-path..................................................... 254
The Man and the Snake-man ..................................... .......................... 277
The Bear-girl........ .................. .............. .... ... ..................... ... 287
The adventures of the Badger's son ........................................ ................. 294
Adventures of the Puma, the adopted son of a man .........................................-. 303
The Raccoons and the Crabs. First version .................................................. 310
Second version ---.....-.....-..---....--....................... 313
The Warriors who were changed to snakes ...............................-................. 317
The Warriors and the Three Snakes.....----...... : ........................................... 324
The Sun and the Moon.......................................................................... 328
The Suitor and his Friends--..---. ......... .................................................. 329
The Orphan: a Pawnee legend .................. ..... .......... ...... ... ............... 334
The Youth and the Underground People ....................................... ........... .. 345
A Yankton Legend ....-.... ...........-----------........................ ............... --355
The Lament of the Fawn over its mother............................ ..... ........... ...... 358
A Ponka ghost story...................................................................... 359
A Dakota ghost story .........-----.......................................................... 360
The adventure of an Omaha...--...................................... ...................... 361
The Dakota who was scared to death by a ghost ..................- ......- .................... 362
The hands of the dead Pawnee ............ ....................................... ............ 363
How the ChiefPs son was taken back .......................................................... 367
PONKA HISTORICAL TEXTS.
The war-party of Nudan-axa's father ..........................-............................. 368
Nuda-axa's account of his first war-party ..................................................... 372
The defeat of the Pawnees by the Ponkas in 1855 ............................................ 377
OMAHA HISTORICAL TEXTS.
History of Icibaji ............................................................................. 384
The story of Wabaskaha ..............................-......-............................... 393
The first battle between the Omahas and the Ponkas (two versions)............................ 399
Battle between the Omahas and the Pawnee Loups..........-- .........--.................... 402
The second fight with the Ponkas ............................................................. 405
Battle between the Omahas and the Dakotas-..........................---..................... 406
How the Dakotas fought the Pawnees ....................... ........................... ..... 409
How Joseph La Flche lost his goods .................. .....................-................. 415
Battle between the Dakotas and the Omahas in 1847 .......................................... 418
Fight between the Omahas and Dakotas (two versions)---....----.............................. 425
How Mawada"Oin went alone on the war-path...................................-.......... 432
cIain-nanpaji's War-party in 1853............................ ............................... 434
Two Crows' War-party in 1854 ..................................... ...----- ..... .... ....... .. 452
Battle between the Omahas and Dakotas in 1855 .............................................. 462
My first buffalo hunt. By Frank La Flche.................................................... 466
Sacred Traditions and Customs .............................. ................................. 468
LETTERS DICTATED BY OMAHAS AND PONKAS.
cahe-jap'6 to Cude-gaxe and Mantcu-waoihi ................................. ................ 475
Haxe-oanba to Manteu-waoihi ............-.....- ............................................. 475
Jabe-skf to Wahe'ae .................. ................... ............................. ....... 476
Jabe-ski to Waqa-najin..... ...... .............. ...................... ....................... 477
Namamana to Ma tcu-watihi ............................ ..................................... 477
Uhan-jifiga to Gacudi4a=.................................................................... 478
Kicke to Mantcnu-afiga .............................................. ........................ 478
Mantcu-nanba to Agitcita-.................................................................... 479
Mantcu-nanba to Ws'a-lafiga ....................-...... ........ ............................ 479
[izi- ifge to Minxa-ski, Qugahunajin, and Qifa-ska .......................................... 480
cahe-jap't to Qi a-sk- .................. ..................................................... 480
xe-baha to Ws'a-afiga ........ ........................... ............................ 481
Si-qan-qega to Edaana (Antoine Roy) ......................................................... 482
Wajin-skA to Mantca-wa ihi and Anpan-lafga ..... ........................................... 483
Cantan-jifiga to Mantcu-wa ihi.................... .................. .......................... 484
Maqpiya-qaga to Mantou-najin ................................................................ 485
Joseph La Flbche to his brother Frank ............ ............................................ 47
-Gabige to Qifa-skg and jenuga-najn. .............. ............................................ 489
Cafige-sk t to Qi a-ska -........---............................................................. 4490
Wanacekit)abi to Wajina-gahiga .-----.------. -----------....... --..----...-......--......... 491
Duba-ma"'in to jande-naf8quge (Macdonald)--.........------......---- ...............---.......... 492
Mactin-'ansa to Na'anbi .-------.... -------......- ...... ......... ...... ..................... 494
Mafigitiqta to Jahe-ag i ..... ............................ .. ...................... .. ........ 495
Ictaabi to Acawage.....-.. ------........---- ...-- ..........----.....---..- .............. .. 495
Gahige to Acawage ..-..............-- ...--- .------------------------ ..............----- .. 496
Maqpiya-qaga to Matc-naji ..--....---..........---.........----- --------....... ............... 497
Maqpiya-qaga to Mantou-naji- ..................... .............. -.......................... 498
Watan-naji= to Cage-skA ...................................... ..- ....................... 499
Watan -najin to Jifiga-nudan. ..........-.........-...-........................................ 500
Maqpiya-qaga to Ceki ..............................................----.. ................. 501
Cafige-skt to Matou-waiihi .................. ..--..........................--...---.......... 502
Wajia-gahiga to Matcu-afiga .............................. ---.................-------..---....... 504
Jabe-ska to Gahige-jinga, Waqa-najin, and Acawage..... ................ .................. 505
Jide-tan to Acawage ......................................................................... 506
je-un[anha to Mantcu si-afiga-...-...-.........................................-............... 507
Duba-manoin to jgande nafi3uge (Macdonald) ................................................. 508
ain-nanpaji to jaa faiga-naji ...........-- ...................... ........................... .. 510
IctaQabi to Manteu-wafihi and Acawage ..................................................... 511
Waqpeca to Cahiea- .... .............................................................. ...... 512
Wanita-waqe to Gahige .........--.....................-------------------------------..................... 512
He-wanjioa to Gahige-wadafifige................................................................ 514
Ja(tin-nanpajI to jaqafiga-najijifga ------.....--.......................................--....... 515
Jai--nanpajI to his son, Nindahan ............................................................. 516
He-wanjica to Heqaga-najin..... .................................................. 517
Cude-gaxe to Ws'I-lafiga...-...............................--............-----........--...... 518
Cafige-hin-zi to W6s'a-tafiga .................-- ..----..-.....- ..........--..------------------ 519
Duba-manoin to ,enuga-nikagahi (Macdonald) ................................................ 521
Jaaiu-nanpaji to lalafiga-najin-jifiga.......................................................... 522
Hnpe;a to Ceki..............................------------------------------------...............------------..----.---...------...--------.. 523
Appendix to Ceki................. ................... ................................ ............ 525
Appendix ..............-.....................--------------------------------------------- 525
ADDITIONAL MrYTIIS, STORIES, AlNTD LETTERS.
Ictinike and the Chipmunk......................--------------- --------......------....------ 549
Ictinike and the Four Creators---..---..--......---....----..----- ----------------- ------------ 552
Ictinike, the Women, and Child .........................----.----.-------------.------------.. 559
Ictinike and the Turtle.......--- .--- .....--- --- ---- ---.------ ---------------------------.. 563
The Coyote and the Snake. First version.......................-- -----....------....------------ 566
Second version...............................-..-- .....-- ..-----. 568
The Coyote and the Gray Fox ................................................................ 570
ow the Rabbit lost his fat...............----...........------....--..------......----....... 571
How the Rabbit killed a Giant. Second version .....--- ............--.................-...... 573
The Rabbit and the Turkeys--..----..... .............--- ......---...........--- .....--------... 577
The Bird Chief ........................... .... .............- ... ... ... ....--- ......... 580
The Buffalo and the Grizzly Bear ................ ................... ........................ 582
Adventures of the Orphan .................................. ......... ...........-.......... 586
Legend of Ukiabi .....-......... .... ................................. ................... 609
Ukiabi the suitor: a Ponka legend ................ .................---------...............---... 613
Dakota story ................. .............. .. -..-...........---. --. ..- .........--..... 618
Yankton story ................................. ................-...-... ..... ...... 624 -
Address to young men ....................... .. ................................ ........ 628
jnenuga-najin to his friend, Gray Hat.-........................................................ 629
Heqaga-sab6 and jLaanfga-najin to Betsy Dick.........-....................................... 633
Heqaga-sab6 to Kucaca..........-.................--............--.......................... -635
Heqaga-sabe to Ceki... -........--- ..- .-----........-......... -----. -- ----.............- 6,35
Heqaga-sab to Dr. Potter ....-...--......... ............-------- ..------..----...........- 636
Feqaga-sabt to Kucaca.--............--....-- ......---- .. -------------- ............--..... 637
Uhafige-jan to Hiram Chase.---............-..................-------------- .......---......- 638
Uhafge-jan to Mantcu-naji"l............................................. ...........-....... 638
Heqaga-sabB and others to an Omaha ...........................--.....----.---............... 639
Uhange.jan to Cange-sk --------......... ...... .-..--....-.--.- .......--.-- .---- .......--.. 640
Uhafige-jat to C. P. Birkett .....--- .....-....---------- ..................... ..........-..... 641
Frank La Flche, sr., to his daughter Susanne .----------.................. -.............--.. 642
Waqpeca to Mr. Provost..-.......-...-- .. .--- ......----........-....... -----.......----- .. 643
Maqpiya-qaga to Ca-ku-nu fa-ki-ta-we ..................-..........................-......... 644
Two Crows to the Winnebago Agent..........................................------------.............. 647
Cafge-skA to Wiru3ran-nie ...........--....... ..--- ------ -------------.------.............. -648
Maqpiya-qaga and others to Wiru3jra-nine .............................. ..................... 649
Mantcu-nanba to Wiyakoi ........................--- --- ---------.. -------.------ .... --- 650
Mactin-an"sa to jenuga-waji-----.....-----------... .....-.....---------.. --.......-...-........ 651
Mantcu-nanba to Pawnee Joe.................................................................. 652
Spafford Woodhull to John Heron .--...........-- .... ....-------.----------.................. 655
Waqpeca to Tatanka-mani ................... ................................. ............. 656
Gahige to Wiyakoi ......................-............ ...--..---..---------. ------- ...... 657
Mantcu-nanba to Heqaka-mani and Tatanka-inyaike ............................-...--.. ..... 659
Waqpeca to Tatanka-mani .-..................--- -.. .-..------ -----------.- .............. 661
Ictatabi to Heqaga-sab ..................................................................... 662
Lion to Battiste Deroin, and the Oto cliefs..............-----------------............------------.....--........ 663
Ckajoe-yine to Battiste Deroin ............................... ........ ........ .... --- 664
Maqpiya-qaga to Ca-ku-*u ta-ki-ta-we ......................-- -- ------... ...................---.. 665
Mantcu-nanba to Battiste Deroin -...-................................ ...................-..... 667
Ki-wi-gu-ti-dja-#i-ci to Ci-,e-fi-ta-we........-.....---.......................................... 668
Mantou-nanba to Heqaka-mani and Tatafika-inyafike .......................................... 669
Lion to Battiste Deroin and the Oto chiefs .................................................... 670
Mattcu-nanba to Battiste Deroin and the Oto chiefs...-....-..- .........-..-..................... 672
Jabe-skA to Gactagabi.............. ........................................................ .. 673
jafiga-gaxe to Icta-man5e ....-................................-....................--...... .. 673
Duba-man in to Heqaga-sab ...--.........- ..............-........ ..----. ......---........... 676
Joseph La Fbeche to A. B. Meacham ......-..-...----...............-....................---.. 677
je-u3nanha to A. B. Meacham ...-..-.................--............................-.......... 682
Hnpea to A. B. Meacham ............... ...................................... .............. 683
Mawadanin to A. B. Meacham ................................................................ 684
Jain.-nanpajI to the Pawnee agent............................................................ 685
Hupeea to (Pi-qki-da-wi 6ecaus .............................................................. 686
Tanwan-gaxe-jifga to Heqaka-mani and Icta-janjan............................................ 687
Ta wan-gaxe-jifga to Mingabu ..............-.. .......- ......- -...--......-..-- ........--.... 688
Mantcu-nanba to Panyi-naqpaoi .................................. .......................... 689
Ictaeabi to Heqaga-sab6, Macan, and Mawatanna.............................................. 690
Le-min-wa'u to Mary Napeca ................---- ...... .......... ........... ........... ........ 690
Louis Sanssouci to Hangacenu.............. ...............................- ................ 691
Cantan-jiBga to T. L. Gillingham ............................................... ............. 693
ain-nanpajI to Nindahan ...--..--..---......--.........................-.................... ... 695
Mantcu-nanba to Wiyakoin...............................................................-..... 696
anga-gaxe to Icta-man6e ...............................................................-...... 698
jenuga-wajin to WajinskA, an Oto ......................................-....---.............. 700
Mantcu-nanba to Wiyakoi"....-...... ........................................................ 701
Caige-ska to Battiste, the Pawnee interpreter ................................................ 704
Wajinga-sabd to Battiste Deroin and Ke Iere5e ................................................ 705
Unajinska to Gahige ..................................................... .................... 705
Unajin-skt to Wes'a-tafga.................................................................... 707
Lion to Battiste Deroin ................ ...................................................... 710
Ja4in-nanpaji to Heqaka-mani, Icta-janjan, and Pte-wakan-inajin............................... 713
Mantcu-nanba to Mato-maza .................................................................. 714
Louis Sanssouci to William Parry............................................................. 715
Ictababi to Ci5u[iqowe ................................... .................................... 716
Tanwan-gaxe-itiga to A. B. Meacham ......................................................... 717
Minxa-skg to Maza-nap'in .................................................................... 719
Cafige-ska to Wiyakoin ....................................................................... 720
Mantcu-nanba to Wiyakoi .................................................................... 721
Cude-gaxe to Louis Roy and Mantcu-inc'age. .................................................. 722
Edward Esau to Joseph Esau................................................................. 723
cJain-nanpaji to Nindaha"n .................. ..........................-....................... 724
Mantcu-nanba to Ictaaabi..-................................................................... 725
Richard Rush to Unajin-ski ................................................................... 725
Jain"-nanpaji to Mintce-qanoe ................................................................ 726
Hupeia to Inspector J. H. Hammond ......................................................... 727
jaain-nanpajI to Inspector Hammond ......................................................... 728
Mazi-kide to Inspector Hammond ............................................................. 728
Waqpeca to Unajin-ska ....................................................................... 729
Mantcu-nanba to Wiyakoin............-....................................................... 730
dafin-nanpajI to Mintce-qalnoe ................................................................ 732
Tanwan-gaxe-jifga to Mawatanna ........ ..... .............................................. 733
Hupeta to A. B. Meacham ..................................................................... 734
John Springer to John Primeau......................................... ..................... 737
Anpan-aniga and others to Inspector J. H. Hammond .......................................... 738
Man'e-gahi to Louis Roy ........................... ........................................ 739
Two Crows and others to Joseph La Fleche ............................-..-.................. 740
Fred. Merrick to G. W. Clother............................................................ ... 741
Homna to Heqaka-mani, Icta-janjap, and Manatceba........................................... 742
Nanzandaji to James O'Kane................ ........... ..................................... 744
Waqpeca to Unajin-skA .................................................................. .... 745
John Primeau to Rev. A. L. Riggs ...................................................... ...... 746
Mantcu-nanba to Unaji"-ska................................................................... 747
To Inspector J. H. Hammond, from several Omahas ........................................... 750
Waqpeca to Unaji"-skk ....................................................................... 755
To the Cincinnati Commercial, from several Omahas .......................................... 755
je-je-bale to Rev. A. L. Riggs................................................................ 762
Nnda=-axa to Rev. A. L. Riggs................................................................ 763
Le-je-baee to Wajin ga-da ..................................................................... 765
Manton-datin to Waiiqe-qaci.................................................................. 766
Gahige to Cude-gaxe ...................-............................. ....................... 766
Waqpeca to Unajin-skg ........................................................................ 767
Nanzandajt to T. M. Messick ................................... .............................. 768
jle-je-bate to Unajin-skr ...................................................................... 769
Betsy Dick to Waiqe-qaci ....-................-.............................................-- 770
Nudan-axa to Cude-gaxe ............................. ..................................... 772
jede-gahi to Silas Wood............................................. ......... ............... 773
Min3a'6-jifga to Ke-ire6e .................................................................... 774
,Le-u:ia"ha to UnajilskA and He-wanjia a.............-- ..................- ........ ............. 775
Nudan-axa to Miss Jocelyn .................................................................- 776
Waqpeca to Unajin-sk-....................................................................... 777
Pahafga-mainin to Silas Wood................................................................ 778
Pahafiga-maniin to Cude-gaxe ................................................................ 779
Appendix .................................................................................... 781
Index .......... .................................................................. 785
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.
WASHINGTON, D. C., September 4, 1890.
SIR: I have the honor to submit to you the accompanying monograph,
entitled "Contributions to North American Ethnology, Vol. VI, The (egiha
J. OWEN DORSEY.
To Hon. J. W. POWELL,
In charge of the Geological and Geographical Survey
of the Rocky Mountain Region.
THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE.
MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
"The (egiha Language" as used in this volume refers to the speech
of the Omaha and Ponka tribes of the Siouan linguistic family of North
The author is responsible for "( egiha," first as the name of a group
in the Siouan family, and, secondly, as the name of a particular language
in that group.
(egiha means, "Belonging to the people of this land," or, "Those
dwelling here," i. e., the aborigines or home people. When an Omaha was
challenged in the dark, if on his own territory, he usually replied, "I am a
(Pegiha." So might a Ponka answer under similar circumstances. A
Kansas would say, "I am a Yegaha," of which the Osage equivalent is,
<'I am a (eyiiha." These answer to the Oto "joiwere" and the Iowa
The (egiha linguistic group may be divided as follows:
Languages. Tribes. Dialects.
1. gih ............... Omaha........ Omaha (Uman'ha,).
SPonka ........ Ponka (Pai'ka).
2. Yegaha................. Kansa......... None found.
3. (eqgha................ Osage......... Five or more.
4. Name not yet gained.... Kwapa........ Uncertain.
The material in this volume consists of myths, stories, and letters
epistless) obtained from the Ponkas, to whom the author was missionary
from 1871 to 1873, and from the Omahas, with whom he resided from 1878
to 1880. The letters in Part I are those sent to the Ponka reservation in
the Indian Territory.
After his return to Washington in 1880, the author arranged for several
Indians of the Omaha and Ponka tribes to visit Washington for'the purpose
of aiding him in the revision of his work. From these Indians and Mr.
Frank La Fleche (see page 525) he gained additional myths and stories,
which, with numerous letters recorded chiefly at the Omaha Agency, form
Part II. It has been decided to publish the remaining letters in a bulletin
of the Bureau of Ethnology, under the title of "Omaha and Ponka Letters."
This bulletin, with the present monograph and the publications named on
pp. xvii and xviii, will contain all the (egiha texts, phrases, and sentences
collected by the author.
The texts will be followed by a (egiha-English dictionary, an English-
(egiha dictionary, and a grammar. Up to July, 1885, over 16,000 (egiha-
English entries for the dictionary were arranged on slips in alphabetical
order after they had been transliterated into the present alphabet of the
Bureau of Ethnology.
It was decided in 1882 that the present volume, the dictionaries, and
grammar should be published together. But in -November, 1889, another
conclusion was reached by the Director, resulting in the author's devoting
most of his time to the preparation of the additional texts which form
Part II. It will require at least one year, if not longer, for the completion
of the (egiha-English dictionary. In the final revision of the slips for that
dictionary there will be many references to words and phrases in the texts
by page and line. The English-(egiha dictionary and the grammar must
be deferred for a few years.
In translating personal names the author has proceeded according to
the following rules: In compound names, such as Wajinga-sab6 (bird black),
capitalize each part as far as possible, thus: "Black Bird." In names which
can not be resolved into two or more primitives use but one capital, as
Maingiqta, Blackbird; Wasab6, Black bear (not "Black Bear"); Ma"tcu,
Grizzly bear (not "Grizzly Bear").
LIST OF THE AUTHOR'S SIOUAN PUBLICATIONS.
1. Ponka I A B C wabgru. | Missionary Jurisdiction of Niobrara. I
New York, | 1873; Pp. 1-16, sq. 160. Primer in the Ponka dialect. The alphabet used differs
from the present alphabet of the Bureau of Ethnology in the following particulars: c of the primer=
tc of the Bureau alphabet; of the former = 0 of the latter; q of the former = k' of the latter; r of the
former=q of the latter; x of the former=c of the latter. The characters for gh, final n as in French
bon, and ng as in sing are wanting. No distinction is made between the surd and its corresponding
medial sound, which is known for the present as a sonant-surd."
2. The Sister and Brother: an Iowa tradition. By J. O. Dorsey. In American Antiquarian, vol. 4,
pp. 286-289, Chicago, 1881-'82. 80. Contains an Iowa song, six stanzas, with free translation.
3. The Rabbit and the Grasshoppers: an Oto Myth. By Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. In Our Continent,
vol. 1, p. 316, Philadelphia, 1882. Folio.
4. Omaha Sociology. By Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. In Bureau of Ethnology, Third Annual Report,
pp. 205-370, Washington, 1884. 80. Contains several hundred Omaha proper names, words, and sen-
tences, passim. Omaha songs, pp. 320, 322, 323, 325, 331.
5. Siouan Folk-lore and Mythologic Notes. In American Antiquarian, vol. 7, pp. 105-108, Chicago,
6. An Account of the War Customs of the Osages. Illustrated. In American Naturalist, vol. 18,
No. 2, February, 1884, pp. 113-133.
7. Mourning and War Customs of the Kansas. By the Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. Illustrated. In the
American Naturalist, July, 1885, pp. 670-680.
8. On the Comparative Phonology of Four Siouan Languages. By Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. In Smith-
sonian Institution Annual Report for 1883, pp. 919-929, Washington, 1885. 80. Languages of the Siouan
Family, pp. 919-920. The Siouan Alphabet, pp. 920-921. Classification of Consonants, pp. 921-923.
Vocabulary of the Dakota, q(egiha (204 words of Ponka and Omaha, Kansa and Osage), joiwere, and
Hotcangara, pp. 924-927. Notes, pp. 927-929.
A paper read before the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Montreal, August,
1882. Separately issued as follows:
9. On the I Comparative Phonology I of Four ] Siouan Languages. [ By I Rev. J. Owen Dorsey, I of
the Bureau of Ethnology. I From the Smithsonian Report for 1883. 1 Washington: I Government Print-
ing Office. I 1885.
Pp. 1-11. 80. (Smithsonian Catalogue No. 605.)
10. Indian Personal Names. By Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. In American Ass. Adv. Sci. Proc., vol. 34,
pp. 393-399, Salem, 1886. 80. Examples from the Omaha, Ponka, Iowa, Oto, and Missouri.
11. Migrations of Siouan Tribes. With maps. By Rev. J. Owen Dorsey. In American Naturalist,
vol. 20, No. 3, March, 1886, pp. 211-222.
12. Songs of the He|ucka Society. Journal of American Folk-lore, vol. 1, No. 1, April-June, 1888,
13. Ponka Stories. In same number, p. 73.
14. Abstracts of Ponka and Omaha Myths. In same number, pp. 74-78.
15. Abstracts of Omaha and Ponka Myths. In Jour. Amer. Folk-lore. vol. 1, No. 2, 1888, pp. 204-
16. Omaha Songs. In same number, pp. 209-213.
17. Teton Folk-lore. American Anthropologist, vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 143-158. Extracts from a paper
read before the Anthropological Society of Washington, in November, 1888. Translated from the texts
recorded by George Bushotter in the Teton dialect of the Dakota.
LIST OF THE AUTHOR'S SIOUAN PUBLICATIONS.
18. Osage Traditions. By James Owen Dorsey. In Bureau of Ethnology, Sixth Annual Report,
pp. 373-397, Washington, 1888. 80. Tradition of the Tsiou wactaie gens, a fragment of 107 lines, with
interlinear and free translations, pp. 381-390. Tradition of the Bald Eagle sub-gens, a fragment of 63
lines, with interlinear and free translations, pp. 390-395.
19. Teton folk-lore Notes. Extracts from a paper read before the Anthropological Society of Wash-
ington. In Jour. Amer. Folk-lore, vol. 2, No. 5, April-June, 1889, pp. 133-139. Part of this paper
(" Teton Folk-lore") appeared in Science.
20. Winnebago Folk-lore Notes. In Jour. Amer. Folk-lore, vol. 2, No. 5, p. 140.
21. Omaha Folk-lore Notes. In Jour. Amer. Folk-lore, vol. 2, No. 6, July-September, 1889, p. 190.
22. Camping Circles of Siouan Tribes. In Amer. Anthropologist, vol. 2, No. 2, April, 1889, pp.
23. The Places of Gentes in Sionan Camping Circles. In Amer. Anthropologist, vol. 2, No. 4,
October, 1889, pp. 375-379.
24. Ponka and Omaha Songs. In Jour. Amer. Folk-lore, vol. 2, No. 7, October-December, 1899,
25. Omaha Clothing and Personal Ornaments. By J. Owen Dorsey. In Amer. Anthropologist, vol.
3, No. 1, January, 1890, pp. 71-78.
26. Indian Personal Names. By J. Owen Dorsey. In Amer. Anthropologist, vol. 3, No. 3, July,
1890, pp. 263-268. A description of a monograph in course of preparation. It will treat of about four
thousand personal names, arranged according to tribes and gentes.
27. A Study of Sionan Cults. (Nearly ready.) To appear in the Eighth Annual Report of the Bureau
of Ethnology. Illustrated by numerous sketches colored by Indian artists. Referred to in the Amer.
Anthropologist, vol. 3, No. 1, January, 1890, p. 50.
THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE.
BY J. OWEN DORSEY.
MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
The myths, stories, and letters in the present volume have been
obtained directly from Indians. They were dictated in Qegiha, and
written in that language by the collector.
A brief account of each of the Indian authorities for these texts may
not be considered out of place.
1. Joseph LaFl6che is a gentleman to whom I am indebted, not only
for myths in (egiha and j6iwere, but also for a knowledge of the latter
tongue, a collection of ethnological notes, etc. I regard him as my best
authority. By birth he is a Ponka, but he has spent most of his life
among the Pawnees, Otos, and Omahas. He has acquired a knowledge of
several Indian languages, and he also speaks Canadian French. While
Frank, his younger brother, has remained with the Ponkas, and is now
reckoned as a chief in that tribe, Mr. LaFlBche has been counted as an
Omaha for many years Though debarred by Indian law from member-
ship in any gens, that did not prevent him receiving the highest place in
the Omaha governmental system. He has some influence among the Paw-
nees, and when the Yankton Dakotas wished to make peace with the
former tribe, it was effected through the instrumentality of Mr. LaFlBche,
2 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
who accompanied Struck-by-the-Ree to the Pawnee village. Mr LaFl4che
is the leader of the "citizens" party among the Omahas. The names of
two of his children, Susette (Bright Eyes) and Frank (Wood-worker, or
Carpenter), are familiar to all who have read of the Ponka case.
2. Mrs. Mary LaFlBche is of white descent on the father's side. She
learned Oto by a residence among her mother's people. She was known
in former years as "the beautiful Omaha girl," having been adopted by the
3. Frank LaFlBche is the eldest surviving son of Joseph. He has a
fair knowledge of English, writes a good hand, and is devoted to reading.
I have had many opportunities of testing his skill as interpreter, and I did
not find him wanting. He is the only Omaha who can write his native
4. Susanne LaFleche is Frank's youngest sister. She is still a child,
and was not over thirteen when she gave me an abstract of a myth told
her in Omaha by her Oto grandmother.
5. CAi"n-rian-pAj (He who fears not a Pawnee when he sees him) is a
full-blood Omaha, who has passed middle age. He belongs to the "citi-
zens" party, and is one of my best informants His articulation is rapid;
but after he repeated a sentence I had no difficulty in writing it.
6. HIpefa" is a full Omaha, one who refuses to join either political
party in the tribe. He has not given me much information.
7. Mantci-nan'ba (Two Grizzly Bears) is the aged ex-chief of the
Hanga gens of the Omahas, which keeps the two sacred tents and regulates
the buffalo hunt. He has been a medicine-man, and is the head of the old
men's or chiefs' party. He was always friendly to me, and was the first
Omaha to pay me a visit. Owing to his rapid articulation, common to
Omaha orators, I was obliged to revise his myth, with the assistance of Mr.
LaFleche, who gave me the corresponding Oto version.
8. MawAda"ei" (Mandan) is a full Omaha. He is short, and of a nerv-
ous temperament (the opposite of Hupeea"), his utterance being thick at
times. While he means well, his information is not equal in any respect to
that given by Jafin-nanpaji. He belongs to the "citizens" party.
9. jLe-dan"ha (Sentinel Buffalo apart from the Herd) is head of a sub-
INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXTS.
gens of the Thunder and Reptile gens of the Omahas, being keeper of the
sacred pipe of his gens. He is full of fire as a speaker; and his enjoyment
of the burlesque was shown when he told me the myth of the turtle who
led a war party. He declared that he had added a little to it, but only
such parts as he thought were needed to make the myth complete. The
songs in the myth point to an Oto derivation. je-3[a"ha is one of the
"citizens" party and a good farmer.
10. Can'-ge-ska (White Horse) is head of the Wolf gens of the Omahas
and a member of the chief's party. He understands the Kansas (Kaw)
dialect of the (egiha as well as his own.
11. A"'pa"-jan'-ga (John Big Elk), an Omaha, is one whom I regard
as a dear friend, a good example to his tribe. He is the authority for sev-
eral myths and most of the Omaha historical papers The Indians call him
"The man who is always thinking about the Great Spirit." He is a full
Indian, a nephew of the Big Elk mentioned by Long and others. He is
an adherent of the "citizens" party.
12. Id-da-6 iqaga (Dried Buffalo Skull) is head of the Singers, a sec-
tion of the Black Bear subgens of the Omahas. He is half-brother to
gJai"-na"-paji, but he is so far advanced in life, and his articulation is so
rapid, that it was impossible to record all his words, which he would not
13. Nuda'-axa (Cried to go on the War-path) is a Ponka chief. He
is head of a part of the Thunder-bird gens. I have known him since 1871,
whereas I did not become acquainted with the Omahas until 1878. Nuda'-
axa has furnished me with eleven myths, three historical papers, and some
valuable ethnologic notes. He is a very patient man, and is deserving of
sympathy and encouragement in his efforts to become self-supporting.
Among the Omahas who sent letters elsewhere are Two Crows, Lion,
Two Crows is now a chief; he has been a leader of the young men
for several years, though he is a grand-parent. He was the leader of the
tribe on the hunt and war-path, and is still feared even by the chiefs'
party. He says just what he thinks, going directly to the point. He is
regarded as the speaker of the purest Omaha, and one has no difficulty in
4 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Lion is the head of the first subgens of the Deer people, and is keeper
of the sacred pipe of his gens. He used to be a government chief, but was
set aside at the election in 1880. The Omahas do not put much confidence
in him, and he is regarded by some as a mischief-maker.
Duba-ma"n'in (Four Walking) is one of the young men's party. He
was elected chief in 1880, with Two Crows and five others. He was
usually the first speaker when the young men had a council.
LIST OF SOUNDS IN THE OEGIHA LANGUAGE.
The alphabet which follows is substantially the one suggested by Maj.
J. W. Powell, in the second edition of his Introduction to the Study of In-
dian Languages, Chap. I.
A number of sounds not used in (egiha are given because they are
found in Loiwere (Oto, Iowa, and Missouri), Winnebago, and other kin-
dred languages, to which occasional references are made in the explanatory
notes. Therefore, the alphabet may be regarded as including all the
sounds known to exist in (egiha, Loiwere, and Winnebago When any
Dakota word is given, it is written first in this alphabet, then in that
adopted by Mr. Riggs in his Dakota Grammar and Dictionary, published
by the Smithsonian Institution in 1852.
a as in father; German, haben.
a+ a prolonged a; always a final sound.
a" a nasalized a
a"+ a prolonged nasalized a.
'a an initially exploded a.
'a" a nasalized 'a.
a nearly as in what; German, man.
'a an initially exploded a, as in w&s'A, a snake.
V" a nasalized a.
Ii as in hat.
b as in blab; French belle. Not used in j~iwere.
c as sh in shall.
o a medial sh, between sh and zh. Not synthetic.
INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXTS.
9 as th in thin (not heard in O(egiha). Used in joiwere.
6 a medial th (not heard (egiha) Used in Loiwere. Not synthetic.
as th in the, then. (See r.)
d as in dread; German, das; French, de. Used in (egiha. (See r.)
e as in they; German, Dehnung; French, d&.
e+ a prolonged e.
'e an initially exploded e.
6 as in then; German, denn; French, sienne.
g as in go; German, geben.
h as in he; German, haben.
i as in pique, machine; German, ihn; French, ile.
i+ a prolonged i.
'i an initially exploded i.
i" a nasalised i.
i"+ a prolonged nasalized i.
'in a nasalized 'i.
I #s in pin; German, will.
In a nasalized i.
j as z in azure; j in French Jacques.
k as in kick; German, Kind; French, -quart.
I[ a medial k (between k and g). Modified initially; not synthetic.
k' an explosive k.
m as in mine; German, Mutter.
n as in nun; German, Nonne; French, ne.
hn a modern sound used instead of cn (shn). The initial part of this
sound is expelled from the nostrils, not from the mouth, and is
but slightly audible.
S as ng in sing, singer. In Loiwere it is often used when not followed
by a k-mute.
o as in note; German, Bogen; French, nos. Not used in (egiha.
o+ a prolonged o. Not used in (egiha.
,'o an initially exploded o. Not used in (egiha.
o" a nasalized o. Not used in Q(egiha.
o0+ a prolonged nasalized o. Not used in (egiha.
6 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
'o" a nasalized 'o. Not used in (egiha.
p as in pipe; German, Puppe; French, poupe.
d a medial p (between p and b). Not a synthetic sound. The modi-
fication is initial.
p' an explosive p.
q as German ch in ich; Hebrew, kh.
r as in roar; German, riihren; French, rare. Not used in (egiha; it
is synthetic in Loiwere and Winnebago.
a as in sauce; German, Sack; French, sauce. Corresponds to the
s a medial s (between s and z). Not synthetic; modified initially.
t as in touch; German, Tag.
I a medial t. Not synthetic; modified initially.
t' an explosive t.
u as in rule; German, du; French, doux.
u+ a prolonged u.
'u an initially exploded u.
u" a nasalized u; rare in (egiha, common in Loiwere.
u"+ a prolonged nasalized u.
'u" a nasalized 'u; rare in (Oegiha, common in joiwere.
ii as in pull, full; German, und.
uii a nasalized i; rare in (egiha, common in joiwere.
w as in wish; nearly as ou in French oui.
x gh; or nearly as the Arabic gain. (The sonant of q.)
y as in you; j in German ja. Not used in (egiha.
z as z and s in zones; German, Hase; French, zele.
dj as j in judge (rare).
tc as ch in church, and c in Italian cielo; Spanish, achaque.
to a medial tc (between tc and dj). Not synthetic; modified initially.
Not used in (egiha, common in jLoiwere.
te' an exploded tc.
hw as wh in when; Spanish, huerta. (An interjection.)
m+ a prolonged m (An interjection.)
c+ a prolonged c. (An interjection.)
INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXTS.
ai as i in fine, aisle.
ei as i in ice, twice; trice, fice.
au as ow in how; German, Haus.
yu as in use, feud.
ui as in German, pfui.
In one myth is given: "t-t-t-t-t-t."
In some cases, when u is pronounced very rapidly after a or e, an o
sound is heard, resembling au in the French aujourd'hui. Thus, in gaqa
ugici, when thus pronounced, the au has a sound between that of ow in how
and the sound of o in no; while in je-i3[a"ha both vowels are heard, being
pronounced almost as if the name was le-63[aha.
Every syllable ends in a vowel or diphthong, pure or nasalized.
When a consonant appears at the end of a word or syllable, it is a sign
Another apparent exception is the (egiha interjection wi"h, in which
the final h denotes an expulsion of the breath through the nostrils
Almost every sound in this alphabet can be prolonged; but when the
prolongation is merely rhetorical, it is given in the notes and omitted in
the text. Prolongations in the text are usually interjections.
One interjection of admiration, etc., is designated for the present by
"t!". It is made by drawing the tip of the tongue backward from the
upper front teeth, causing a sucking sound.
The reader is requested to consult the Appendix after examining each
Brackets mark superfluous additions to the texts, and passages which
seem to be modern interpolations.
Words within parentheses were omitted by the narrator, but, in most
cases, they are needed to complete the sense.
The following abbreviations are used in the interlinear translations:-
sub subject. my. moving.
ob. object. recl. reclining.
st. sitting Ig. long.
std. standing. pl. plural.
8 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
sing. singular, cl. classifier.
F. Frank La Fleche. L. Louis Sanssouci.
G. George Miller. W. Wadjepa. or Samuel Fremont.
J. Joseph La Fleche.
The following sounds should be added to those given on the preceding
'6 an initially exploded 6, as in ukit'6, foreigner, enemy.
q an evanescent h, a sound heard in some Pawnee words
ny as the Spanish n in canon, found in Loiwere and Kwapa words.
Mr. Joseph La Fleche was alive when this introduction was stereo-
typed. He died in September, 1888.
Susanne La Fleche mentioned on page 2 is now a woman. She was
graduated in 1886 at the Hampton Agricultural and Normal Institute, Vir-
ginia. She attended the Women's Medical College at Philadelphia for two
years, and returned to the Omahas in 1889. She is practicing medicine
among her people, paying special attention to the diseases of women and
10, 18, et passim. When A"ha" means consent, read A"ha"'; but when
assent is intended, read A"'ha".
228, 8. See important note on page 541.
The Appendix referred to on page 7 is that of Part I, beginning on
page 525. Some time after that Appendix was stereotyped additional
information was obtained from Omahas visiting Washington, and also from
members of the Osage, Kansa, and Kwapa tribes. Consequently the
reader is requested to consult the Appendix to Part II for a few errata,
etc., which refer to Part I.
368 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Some Dakotas had camped. At length the chief's son had wandered off to hunt.
Behold, when it was night, a man came back to tell the news. Calling the chief by
name, he said, "In that land they have killed your son." And the chief; having gone
out of doors, sent a crier at once, saying as follows: "Ye young Dakotas who have
always desired to be stout-hearted, I desire to see my son this very night. Go after him
for me. If you bring him back, I will give you a very swift horse, also a mule." All
the Dakotas hesitated, because they feared to see the corpse. And one Dakota, who,
perhaps, was stout-hearted, thought, "Let me see! I will go after it." And he went
after it. Yet he did not think, "When I arrive there I shall fear to see him!" At
length, when he arrived there, he was very much afraid. And still he touched it. At
length, when he was carrying it back, the body was constantly falling off the horse
which he made carry it. He was crying all the while, as he feared to carry it to the
tents. When it fell again and again, he thought, "If I go back without it, I am afraid
that they would laugh at me," so he wished to take it back. Notwithstanding it fell,
he took it up and made the horse carry it. And when he reached the tents with it, the
chief gave him the horse and mule. Referring to his having brought the corpse back,
he said, Though the deeds of others have been difficult to perform, I have done a deed
which was exceedingly difficult."
PONKA HISTORICAL TEXTS.
THE WAR PARTY OF NUDAN-AXA'S FATHER.
TOLD BY NUDAn-AXA.
IPdAdi aka nuda"' agaf to. Ga"' wa'a"'-hna" ca"'ca". Mai"' ma"ji"'
My father the to war went. And he sang regularly always. Walking he walked
t6 wa'a"'-hna" ca"'ca"; han' ja"' go ga"' wa'a"'-hna"i cdnujin'gai t6'di.
when he sang regularly always; night he lay the so he sang regularly he was a young when.
down (pl.) man
3 Eigie wadanebe ahi-biamA. Nikaci"ga sfgie wda-biamA wada"'be aggaf
At length to see they arrived, they Man trail they found them, to see they went
say. they say back
t6. Nidanhaniga, 8gi(e, nfaci"ga d'dba ag~ai ke ha', a-biamA. Ahad!
when. 0 war-chief, behold, man some have gone home- said they, they Oho!
wardin a long line say.
A-biama. Wackan'egafi-ga. Qub[i&f -bi i"hA, A-biama. gife nlaciga
said he, they Do persevere. To make one's self be sure, said he, they At length man
say. sacred say.
6 fAbfi" wena'Aqtci ihe amAma. K4, nAda"haflgA, dama a"wafi'gaqfi taf,
three very close beside were passing, they Come, 0 war-chief, these let us kill them,
a-biam.. Ede nuda"'hanga aka uff'agai t6. Egife ha"' ama, ugAhanadAze
said they, they But war-chief the was unwilling. At length night they dark
say. (sub.) say,
THE WAR PARTY OF NUDANAXA'S FATHER. 369
dga". Hu! hu! hu! hu! 0dxe-gay'i utin'-bi amd6 h,. cA(i ama. Na'an'-bi
like. Hu! hul hu! hu! drum theyhit (not they're Pawnee the Heard it,
them seen) theones (sub.). they say
ega"', indAdi akA cnujin'ga jidge (ifkd 4iqi-biama. 4bhan-ga, A-biamA.
having, my father the young man he with the (ob.) he aroused them, Arise, said he, they
(sub.) him they say. say.
Ci uifa ag f t6. Nuda"hafing, 04xe-ga3[ uti"' amA wafonai. GAqtci ama 3
And to tell they came war-chief, drum they hit the they are mani- Those who are
it to him back. (sub.) fest. near
g@u agif fi, A-biamA. An'ba ugan'ba tihA amA. Egine nikacinga nf k1
at that they have said he, they Day light it came again, At length person water the
place comeandcamped, say. they say. (ob.)
uhaf agf amAma. Ga"' wdoa-bAji Akusande AkiAggai t6. KI wi"' agf-
they fol- were coming back, And they did not through they had gone home And one was com-
lowedalong they say. detect them again. ing back
biamA. Hau! A-biamA. T ni" At'ean'ki. taf, A-biamA. IndAdi akA wadan'be 6
they say. Ho! said they, they This one let us cause him to said they, they My father the to see
say. die with us, say. (sub.)
atf. Vhe kU Ackaqtci-biamA. IndAdi aka ufia agof-biamA nuda"'hanga
he Path the he was very near, they say. My father the to tll came hack, they war-chief
came. (ob.) (sub.) him say
ifinko'a. I"didi bufga waa"`'a a4af to, an'sagf-biamA. Uq0A-biamA CAiAn
to the. My father all left them he went, he was swift at run- He overtook him, Pawnee
ning, they say. they say
ni". j Ain in waiin' giant' a-bi egan', gaqfan' wAgikibanan'-biamA. I"didi 9
the Pawnee he who robe threw his away, having, migrating he ran back towards his (people), My father
(ob.). moved they say party they say.
akA uq0A-biamA. Kfde-hna"i t6, ma"' ikide t0; 'di nasiqti Ada" kidai t6.
the overtook him, they He shot regu- when, arrow he shot at to every time there- he shot at him.
(sub.) say. at him larly him with; wound him (') fore
Gafi'ki Wacice akA 6'di ahfi t6, jan-witin kU fgaqoi-biamA. Uctd ami
And Brave the there arrived when, wood to hit the he killed him with, Remainder the
(sub.) with (ob.) they say. (sub.)
hacfda" ahfi t6. Gan'te-jin'ga [q, iihe agoafn'kaIhan wAnasai t6 Pan'ka amA. 12
afterward they arrived. A little while when, path on both sides surrounded them, Ponka the.
Egioe dA in amA a"'he bacfbe, wApin dinte Pafi'ka an'ka. Gaf'ki indadi
At length Pawnee the fleeing forced a they had it may Ponka the(pl.ob.). And my father
(sub.) way out, them be
akA majan' an/' agoai 0an'di ca'ca" gin"'-biamA. Ga"' ina'uqtci a-i-biama.
the land the they went at the continuing he sat they say. And very close be- they were com-
(sub.) left hm back side him ing, they say.
Wakide ganq ai ctdctewan' wAkida-bAji-hnan'i te. Anfia kan'boa an"'cti; 15
To shoot at he wished notwithstanding he shot not regularly. I live I wished heretofore;
4gite anPan/'ai qi, dgi e t'da"0n taf, af t6 i"dAdi akA. cA in ni'acinga Akicuga
behold they find me if, behold they kill will, said my father the Pawnee. men standing
me (sub.). close together
man"i"' 4 wakaf, nfacinga wi"Aqtci Ii'ji ga"' t'dai etiga". (6 Qu'd-rnma"i"'
they that he meant, person only one if so they kill apt. This Roarine-as-he-
walked him walks
(CAge-ska i(Adi) dj4i"-mA Ahigiqti t'dwaAh-biamA, wasisige hdga-bajf- 18
(Hoof white his father) the Pawnees very many hekilled them, they say, brisk not a little
biama. 1Egie nxacinga diuba ((cdj i" #ankAf ) C wadan'bai t6 t'dwa eqtia"'i.
they say. Behold man four (Pawnee theob.) that they saw them when hereally killed them.
Qu'd-manui"' ehna"' wat'606 akd, i"dadi akA ea ba; wat'6a-baji Pan'ka
Quic-muia*i" lie alone slayer it was he, my father the (sub.) he, too; were not slayers Ponka
VOL. VI- 24
370 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
icte ama. Gan' niacinga (Pan'ka) ddoabi"n can'ka 'da"ct6a"' .t'cwanlni
remainder the. And man (Ponka) eight nine perhaps killed thou
jAi" amA. Pan'ka uctd anikA cinawaoai t6 (JAgi" amA. SAta'qti-ega':
Pawnee the Ponka remain- theones exterminated them, Pawnee the About five:
(sub.). ing who (sub.).
3 Nackf-jan'ga, Qu'd-man"in', Le-jd-ba14 i Adi, in"ddi, ki Wactice ni"'ia
Head big, Qu'e-maniin, Buffalo-Dung-in- hisfather, myfather, and Wacuce alive
agoii to ha. Wafi'gioe an'ha u'60ai to, utcfje kU i[inaqe ga"' u'4eai to.
came home All fleeing they scattered, thicket the hiding them- so they scattered.
tgasAnidau can' u ewwiflix.ai t6, Akikipai t0. Ga"' nan'ji"ctc6'qtci akf-
During the next yet they assembled them- they mot each other. And barely they
day selves, reached
6 biamA, na"pdhinqtian', nua4inqtian'.
they say, very hungry, altogether naked.
In 1880, Wacuce, who was -then 70 or 80 years of age, was the only survivor of
those who belonged to this war-party.
368, 5. qub64lia-bi in"h (Nudanaxa), or qfibekio. -bi pin1h6 (Frank La Flhche), "Be
sure to make yourselves sacred," i. e., by means of the animals that you saw in your
dreams as you fasted. See ioa6l6 in the Dictionary.
369, 6. at'eaiiki4~ tai. Sanssouci gave as the corresponding joiwere, "ate'ehiikii
tanyi ke." He said that "At'eafikioe tai" is equal to "T'e juangce tai, Let us die with
him." He also gave another Loiwere equivalent for the whole phrase: "Tc'e nahtire
tc'dhin taho, hi"tc'6 hi"rfctanwi k6, Let us kill this one moving along; we have finished
dying:" i. e., "We are bound to die, so let us cause him to die with us."
369, 7. uhe kU ackaqtci-biama. The path in which the Pawnee was walking was
not more than fifteen or twenty yards distant.
369, 7. indadi - ui(a agci-biama, etc. His father returned to the chief just as
they made the remark about the Pawnee. When they ran towards the Pawnee, he
(Nuda"-axa's father) left them all behind, as he was a swift runner.
369, 9. wagikibanan-biama. The Pawnee called to his friends to come half-way
and meet him.
369, 13. Sanssouci read, "E'gife jaiin amd an"he bacibe waidini to h6 Paii'ka ama."
He gave the corresponding joiwere, which means, "Behold, the Ponkas being the
cause, the Pawnees broke through their ranks and fled, carrying the Ponkas along as
the pursuers." He substitutes amal for afika," as the Ponkas were the cause of the
flight. The fullest expression would be: "Egioe PaI'ka ama 6wani 6gan, gd in ama
an'he bacibe wAQini t6 hai Pail'ka eail'ka," answering to the loiwere.
369, 14. ano agoai, contraction from an a agoai.
369, 19. e wadanbai te. The Ponkas saw him kill them.
370, 2. ucte afilka. These were the eight or nine mentioned in the preceding sen
tence. So the whole party of the Ponkas numbered but fourteen warriors.
THE WAR PARTY OF NUDA"AXA'S FATHER.
My father went on the war-path. And he sang all the time. He always was sing-
ing as he walked. When he was a young man, he was always singing when he lay
down at night. At length they went as scouts to a certain place. When the scouts
were going back, they discovered the trail of men. "O war chief, some men have
gone homeward in a long line!" said they. "Oho!" said he, "do persevere. Be sure
to make yourselves sacred by the aid of your guardian animals." At length three men
were passing along very close beside them. "Come, O war-chief, let us kill these!"
said they. But the war-chief was unwilling. At length it was night and somewhat
dark. "Hu! hhu!u! hu!" They were those who beat the drums. They were Paw-
nees. When my father heard it, he aroused the young man who was with him. "Arise!"
said he. And they came back to tell it to the war-chief: "O war-chief, they who beat
the drums are manifest. Those who are in that place near by came this way and
camped." At day it became light again. At length the men were coming back, fol-
lowing the course of the stream. And without detecting the presence of the Ponkas,
they went far beyond them on their homeward way. And one was coming back. "Ho!"
said they, "let us cause this one to die with us." My father went as a scout. The path
was very near. My father returned to the war-chief to tell it to him. My father left
them all behind, as he was a swift runner. He overtook the Pawnee. The Pawnee
having thrown away his robe, ran back towards his people in the camp. My father
overtook him. He shot at the Pawnee repeatedly, wounding him with the arrows; he
wounded the Pawnee every time, therefore he shot at him. And when Wacuce arrived
there, he killed the Pawnee with a blow from his war-club. The rest of the Ponkas
arrived afterward. After a little while the Ponkas intercepted their retreat on both
sides of the path. At length the Pawnees in fleeing forced a way through the ranks
of the Ponkas, carrying the latter along in pursuit. And my father remained sitting
at the place where they had left him. And the Pawnees were coming very close
beside him. Notwithstanding he wished to shoot at them, he never shot. "Hereto-
fore have I wished to live; and behold, if they detect me, they will kill me," said my
father. He referred to the Pawnee men who were walking- in a dense body; if they
found one man belonging to the foe they would be apt to kill him. This Qu'6-mafill
(White Hoof's father) killed very many of the Pawnees; he was very active. Behold,
the Ponkas saw him kill four men of the Pawnees; he really killed them. Qu'6-man-
i"n was the only slayer besides my father; the rest of the Ponkas were not slayers.
And the Pawnees killed eight or nine Ponka men. The Pawnees exterminated the
remaining Ponkas. About five:-Nacki-4ail'ga (Big-head), Qu'6-mar"i", the father of
je-j6-baj6 (Buffalo-dung-in-heaps), my father, and Wacuce, came home alive. All fled,
and scattered in the thickets; they scattered and hid themselves. During the next
day they met each other, and assembled themselves. And they barely reached home;
they were naked and very hungry.
372 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
NUDAN-AXA'S ACCOUNT OF HIS FIRST WAR PARTY
Ajin'ga tG'di pahan'gaqtci a# 'ia-biama KI i"d4di akA ga"', Dadiha,
Me small when at the very first going they spoke of, And my father the so, 0 father,
they say. (sub.)
gAamA4a bd6 kan'boa, eh6 (to), Ai'kaji ha, af. Ifaban' dgian"'ji-ga. Anjin'-
to those (out I go I wish, I said (when), Not so he A second do not say it to Me small
of sight) -said. time (any one).
3 gadi, nisiha, uAgacan-hnan-man' ide tdqi i( pahan-hnan-man', af. (ijin'g
when, my child, I used to travel but difficult I used to know, he said. You small
egan' edadan tdqi A iakip4 3[, oaxAge iwihiuh6, af. iganja, nfacinga amA AnaskA
because what difficult you meet if, you cry I fear it for he Though so, person the howlarge
you, said. (pl.)
ctWwa"' nd Itjigifgcani dgan, ugAcan-hnan'i, eh6. Adan dgiman. UAgacan'
soever man decidefor them- as, they always travel, I said. Therefore I do so. I travel
6 kan'bOa, eh I Hau! af. 'di hn6 te, at. Nfacinga Akiki
I wish, I said. Ho he said. There you go will, he said People attack one the time when,
baza"'aqti hnd tatd, af. Nfacinga uhnan'-de ga"' t'd6iF6 ctdct~wa"' uda",
pushing in you go shall, he said. Man you while so he kills you notwithstand- good
among them hold him ing
ai Ga"' nfacinga a-figi" amA k6'di pf. Egioe nfacinga nan'-hnan ami.
he And man those who came at the I ar- Behold person grown only they say.
said. and sat place rived.
! (Niaci"ga ukdin 6 fa"qtidgani 3[id amA) Hau! at. Can' ha, ijil'ge in'
(Indian common that he is a great man he is they say.) Ho! they It is his son the
by means of wounded said. right (my. one)
4de tf ha, A-biamA. NaPban'wanfa'i. Gan' agaf. Min' u dagge man"i"'i.
but he has said they, they They shook hands with And they went. Moon throughout they walked.
come say. me.
Igiqe mi"' k6 t'd, ugAhanadaz6'qti. Hau! af. Najinjin'ga ti-mA-an" wai"
At length moon the dead, very dark. Ho! they .Boys of various those who bring ye
(ob.) said. sizes came
12 gii-gA. IjAje ita`niadi g6 gianl'a taf. Ijin'ge finkd ain"' gfi-ga, af. Wi
them hither. His old the let them throw His son hewhois bring him hither, they Me'
name (pl. ob.) away their, aid.
awafikai, indAdi ijAje (adaf. Gan' anp'i akfi. E'di hnd te, af. Cdde-
they meant me, my father his name they pro- And having they went There you go will, they Smoke-
nounced. me back. said.
gAxe, Nan'ge-tft a, Mi"xA-ska, ca"' uctd amA b liaga u6ici pan'di giinl'ankig ai.
maker, To-run-ho-starts, Goose-white, in fact the rest all center in the made me sit.
15 Ahau! ijije (agfanhna td, ai Egi"e, ikAge ijAje win' agi"' tat6; t'a"qtia"',
Oho! his name you will abandon they Behold, his friend his name one he shall have it; there is a great
your, said. abundance,
af. IkAge 6 nuda"' afiga-i t6 Axa amA ha, af; Adan a1i"' tatd, af. Nuda"'-
the Hisfriend this to war we were when he cried for it they there- he shall haveit, they To-war-he-
said. coming said; fore said.
axa, af. Ga"' Cide-gAxe u(A (efai. W akan'da-ma u A (dai. Ga"' ijAje
cried-for, they And Cudo-gaxe called aloud to The deities he called aloud to And his
said. tell it. them to tell it. name
:8 te gia"' a 'fY6 finkd Aa, u+! af. Nuda"'-axa ijAje ain' 'f1e (inke Aga,
the to abandon he is speaking of indeed, halloo! he Nudan' axa his name having he is speakingof indeed,
NUDANAXA'S ACCOUNT OF HIS FIRST WAR PARTY.
u+! ai. jaAge anfigdga" egi"cd ctwwa"', fanA'an tigan uwiboa cuteae6
haloo! he Headland somewhat you whomove soever, you hear it in order I tell you I send to you
said. large that
mifnki 6a, u+! QAde banan'nan ji"nc ct wa"', pand'a" tigan uwifba
I who indeed, halloo Grass in clumps youwhomove soever, you hear it in order that I tell you
cuuda6 minki aa, u+ Ja"n' 4anggan 4 Ai"cd ct' wa"', anA'a" tdgan uwfboa 3
I send to you I who indeed, halloo! Wood somewhat you who soever, you hear it in order I tell you
large move that
cu&da06 mink6 Aga, u+! Wajin'jinga beugaqti 4an'de ucka'ckan mnanhni"'
I send to you I who indeed, halloo! Birds of various all ground stirring on re- ye who
mAce, oanA'an tdgan uwfbpa cuda4 rniinki6 ga, u+! Wanfla jinjin'ga,
walk, you hear it in order I tell you I send to you I who indeed, halloo Animal small on.-s of
that various sizes,
lan'de ucka"'cka" manhnin' mdcO, anA'a" tigan uwiboa cuda6 -minkd Aoa, 6
ground stirring on re- ye who walk, you hear it in order I tell you I send to you I who indeed,
u+! GAtega"' uwiba cuoafaf, wanifa mi ce. Watifa fdanbadiqti niacinga
halloo! Thus and thus I tell you I send to you, ye animals. Rank of in theverymiddle man
wasd:anqti wi"' t'6 ai i, ui a" gi Oiink6d Aa, u+! ai. Ga"' ijAje.itan'iadi
very quick one he kills when, holding he is coming indeed, halloo! he nd his old
him him back said. name
cti umai. Najin'-ti 6 an'l 'i 4ga", Nuda"'-axa ai 'ife cinkd A6a, u+! 9
too he told. To-rain-begins to aban- he as, Nuda~-axa to have he is speaking of indeed, halloo I
don it speaks of it
af. Ga"' anjan'-hnani. j(IAin 4f ahf-bdji dgan, waAta-baji'qtia"'i; nanpdhin
he And we slent regu- Pawnee tent theyhadnot as they did not eat at all: hunger
they were very impatient
]gije, Cai'ge ta"
At length, Horse the
Can' Agjin 'fiai
Yet to sit on it he
Ga"' ahli JcAi fi. Ha"' [i, i11 kU egaxd ida"'0
And they Pawnee tent. Night when, the line to surround it
arrived of tents
(ta" Aagoin tA mifike, af to windgi akA. Af'kaji,
this I sit on will I who, he said my mother's the Not so,
(ob.) him brother (sub.).
Cai'ge Agoin tan an'sagi h6gaji. Gan' if 0ke 6
Horse he sat on the swift very. And tent this
iga"'oai to nanpan"hin. WahAba a"man/'an aniga e taf, eh. Nijinga win'
surrounded when me hungry. Ears of corn we steal let us go, I said. Boy one
dkinaskAqtci juAgge; 6 cti iian'ckad& Ga"' ujai'ge k6 anguha afigAai. 15
just as large as he I with him; he too I had as a sister's son. And road the (ob.) we followed we went.
Watcicka win' 6ga" ujao a naji"' akA. gamu ang8Aai tW'di d'e win' ddi aka.
Greek one like forked it was standing. Down-hill we went when field one it was there.
j.ji amA waga"' g6 Akast itggiAe-hnan/i. Waa"n' Ahigi a"nizai, watan'zi
Pawnee the (sub.) squash the (pl.) inheaps theyused toplacetheir. Squash many we took, corn
k6 edAbe Ahigi anpfzai. Gan' 'i'n anfgAki, hdga-bpji. Ena-a"'n/an anwan"ii. 18
the also many we took. And carry- we reached a great many. In equal shares we gave to
(ob.) ing there again, them.
Nean'0ai. jd de k6 zi [i jean'ji. Egioe an'ba akA ma"'ciAha tihaf. Wain ca-i
We kindled a Fire the yel- when we At length day the on high it passed. Yonder they.
fire. low roasted it. (sub.) come with the
ha, af. Wateicka kig#Aja nea"' angi"'. Ga1' 6gioe, ubisandg'qti wAoi"
they Creek at the bottom we kindled we sat. And behold, pressing into very they came
sail. a fire close quarters
atfi. UmAha amA edAbe (da i" ~inike'di edufhai to. Egioe ga"' an'he amd, 21
and had Omaha the (pl.) also Pawnee at the (vil- joined in it. At length so theywerefleeing,
374 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
wabaaza'. Ma"' na"'cudai. jam' wa4i" 6dfqti win' t'6dai to Pan'ka *ankA.
they were Soil they made dust Down-hill having justthere one they killedhim Ponka the
scared off. by running, them (pl. ob.).
AtatAdi ci wi"' ua"'i te. Ganf'ki ci win e'di t'd6ai te eduata". Gan'ki
Far beyond again one they took hold of. And again one there they killed him the next. And
3 wa'u win' (izaf t6, ja-saba-wi", UmAha wal'. Egioe win6gi akA change
woman one they took, Deer-black-female, Omaha woman. At length my mother's the horse
tan ini'jn'jn aki, a"nan/wahh6gan. Wackan'-gg ha, ai. Niacinga ama hdga-
the having mine he ar- having followed me. Do your best, he People the a great
(ob.) for me rivedagain said. (sub.)
bdji, ai. Ga"' an/'an"a agiaf. WinAqtci anwan"cte. CAnakAgge 6agoa" n i
many, he And leaving me he went I alone me remained. Saddle I put it on when
said. homeward. for (the
6 aag i". jamdqti ag46; w6kantan uniq aqiai b eicta" go6dai Egioe wdahide
I sat on it. Down a very I went lariat holding loosely I let him I sent him At length at a distance
steep hill homeward; go homeward
akf. Sinddhadi Agginga, ehd; Mde uoi'agaf. Ga"' aki, ujafl'ge Akicuga,
I reached By the tail sit on it, I said; but he was unwill- And I arrived road standing thick,
again. ing. again,
uklhange oingd. Utan'na jin'ga te'di tha ak. Ga"' cdna. Waiictan'i, masAni
bounds none. Space small by the follow- I ar- And enough. They let us go, the other
between two ing it rived side
9 angAkii [qi. gioe wi"' aiin' akii, -Axe-jin'ga. ji i"n win' wabasna" hid6
we reached when. At length one they came back Crow- young. Pawnee one seapula bottom
it again with him,
to'di ui, ci hidealadi iii; ci 0pxande pahAci ian'di uii. uass'i". Ga"'
at the wounded agt the the bottom he was again cheek above on the he was it stuck in. And
him, wounded; wounded,
niahinsi' gfiionilde. Gau' angai"t angAggai. Ha"' io4ugoe anman'lini. Ha"'
arrow-head he pulled out for And we had him we went home- Night throughout we walked. Night
2 t6 ci 6gau i(iuge anman/'ini. Can'qti annan'hani. Egioe 6 gasAni diba jan"
the again so. throughout we walked. We walked even till night. At length thenextday four shlep
cac'qti anna'anbaf. A"'ba wEsatan t6 aingkii, Niub0A6a ka,'a. Egioe nfaci"ga
wewalked till broad daylight. Day the fifth the we reached Niobrara at the. Behold man
pahan'ga amA niacinga g 6ba. Egiegan, Can' ha, af ega"', aga.ai Egie
before theywho man ten. At length, Enough said having, they wet At length
5 nmaci"ga ifadita" ddba 40anbe ati. Egite pahan'ga agtif i", jnasif-ingd.
person from the four in sight they Behold before lie came the Top-branch-
lodge came. (my. one), without.
Wijin'oe pahan'ga ma"nin' ama dduatan. Niacinga bilgaqti fwagikifge.
My elder before he walked the next. People all kissed them, their
Winaqtci ian'gikflg a-bAji. Aki tW'di indadi aka g6iuFin'gai: Wa! marn in'-ga.
Me only they kissed not me, Ireached when my father the said as follows Why! walk
their own, home (sub.) to me:
18 ha. Nikacinga t Abiin wAqQi-m4 wacta"'b di"te, edi ieat'd et 31i, af. j~adi
Men three those whowere you may have seen there you die ought, he To the
killed them, said. tent
ckf te ubif'age, af. E cka"'hna, af. Utan'nadi agudi na"phhin Oat'd
youhave the I am unwilling, he That you desire, he In some space in what hungry I ou die
come back said. said, place
ct6ctewan' 6 uda", af. AnqgAqtci aki. I"'na"ha aka umin'je uda" win'
even if that good, he Me very lean I reached My mother the couch good one
said. home. (sub.)
NUDANAXA'S ACCOUNT OF HIS FIRST WAR PARTY. 375
ingaxai ha. E'di ajan' ha. IPddi akA waAte a"'ii ha (0ink6 Nuda"'-
madefor me There I slept My father the food gave to me This one Nuda1'-
axa ugaca" hi 6de ifinge t'G gif. Da"'be i-ga, ai. P'dadi aka cafn'ge
axa traveling arrived but tired to death he has To see him be com. he My father the horse
there come home. ing, said. (sub.)
wi"' 'fi t6, waii"', uta"', hi"be, ca"' bu'ga inc'Age giba"i in ke 'fi t.
one he gave, robe, leggings, moccasins, in fact all old man he was the one he gave
called who to him.
372, 9. -if--Nudan'-axa. yifi, to wound himself; but i3iu, to be wounded; wounded-
Frank La Fleche.
372, 11. ugahanadaz6qti, pronounced uga+hanadaziqti by the narrator.
373, 10. watata-bajiqtiani, pronounced waga+ta-bajiqtiani.
373, 12. winegi aka. This was Wasabe-4afi'ga (Big Black bear) or TukaBa.
373, 19. dede k6, said of much fire, as in a long line.
373, 19. wapi" ca-i ha. Said by those who peeped over the hill.
374, 1. waiin ediqti win t'eVai t6. This was Waha-afi'ga (Big Hide).
374, 2. atatadi ci wi" una"i te. This was He-jaa (Forked Horns).
374, 2. gailki ... eduatan. This was Uhan"-naiba (Two Boilings or Two Kettles),
a name borrowed, perhaps, from the Dakota Oohe-no"pa (Oohe-norpa).
374, 13. Niubyaia keqa. It was where Westermann's store now stands in the town
of Niobrara, Neb.
374, 15, dasi-iilge, or Wegasapi (Whip) was the father of White Eagle, the pres-
ent head-chief of the Ponkas.
374, 16. wijine. This elder brother was Ubi-ska, sometimes called Wackan'-ma"-
i"n (He who makes an effort in walking), the second head-chief, who shared the power
PLAN OF THE BATTLE AND FLIGHT.
1 >t4 Phaonee
C.-Tho route by which most of the Ponkas fled.
.- ff near the Pawnee village, which Nuda-some of the Ponas seed to view the fighfled.
B.--Pouka camp, where Nndan'axa and the other non-combatants were nearly surrounded.
C.--TIh route lby which most of the Ponkas fled.
D.--The route by which Nudan/-axa fled.
376 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
At the very first, when I was small, they spoke of going on the war-path. And
when I said, "Father, I wish to go to those people," he said, "No! Do not say that
again to any one. When I was young, my child, 1 used to travel, but I used to know
difficulties. Because you are young, I fear you would cry if you got into trouble."
"Nevertheless," said I, "persons of any size at all who decide for themselves invaria-
bly travel; therefore I do that. I wish to travel." "Well, you shall go thither. When
they attack one another, you shall go among them. Even if they kill you while you
take hold of a man, it would be good," said my father. So I went to the persons who
had assembled. Behold, they were all grown. (It is customary among Indians for the
wounded ones to become great men by means of their suffering.) "Ho! it is right.
It is his son, but he has come." They shook hands with me. They departed, travel-
ing throughout the month. At length the moon was dead, and it was very dark. "Ho!
bring ye hither the boys of different sizes who have come. Let them abandon their
old names. Bring his son hither," said they. They meant me, and they called my
father's name. The messengers took me thither. "You shall go thither," said they.
Cide-gdxe (Smoke-maker), Nafi'ge-tioa (He-starts-to-run), Minxd-skl (White Swan),
and the others made me sit in the center. "Oho!" said they, "you shall abandon
your name. Behold, his friend shall have a name, for there is a great abundance of
them. When we were coming hither on the war-path, this one, his friend, cried for it;
therefore he shall have Nuda"'-axa (He-cried-for-the-war-path) for his new name." And
Cfde-gaxe lifted his voice to tell the deities. "He is indeed speaking of abandoning
his name, halloo! He is indeed speaking of having the name Nuda"'-axa, halloo! Ye
big headlands, I tell you and send it to you that you may indeed hear it, halloo! Ye
clumps of buffalo-grass, I tell you and send it to you that you may hear it, halloo!
Ye big trees, I tell you and send it to you that you may indeed hear it, halloo! Ye
birds of all kinds that walk and move on the ground, I tell you and send it to you that
you may indeed hear it, halloo! Ye small animals of different sizes, I tell you and
send it to you that you may hear it, halloo! Thus have I sent to tell you, ye animals.
Right in the ranks of the foe will he kill a swift man, and come back after holding him,
halloo!" He also told the old name. "He speaks indeed of throwing away the name
Najin-tiQ6 (Starts-to-rain), and he has promised to have the name Nudan'-axa, halloo!"
said he. We slept regularly each night. As we had not reached the Pawnee village,
we had eaten nothing at all, and we became very impatient from hunger. We reached
the Pawnee village. When it was night, they went to surround the village. My
mother's brother said, "I will ride this horse." "No," said I. Still he spoke of riding
it. The horse which he rode was very swift. And when they went to surround these
lodges I was hungry. Said I, "Let us go and steal ears of corn." 1 went with a boy
who was just my size. I called him my sister's son. We followed the path. One
stream forked. When we went down hill, a field was there. The Pawnees had placed
their squashes in heaps. We took many squashes and ears of corn. We returned to
camp, carrying a great many on our backs. We distributed them in equal shares. We
kindled a fire. The coals were bright, and we roasted the corn. At length it was
broad daylight. Those on the hill said, "Yonder they come in hot pursuit." We sat
THE DEFEAT OF THE PAWNEES BY THE PONKAS IN 1855. 377
below the hill, kindling a fire at the stream. At last they came close upon us, getting
us into a tight place. The Omahas joined the Pawnees. The Ponkas fled, being
scared off. They raised a dust with their feet. Just as the foe went down hill after the
Ponkas, one of the latter was killed. Beyond that the Pawnees captured another.
Next they killed Uhan-nanba, and an Omaha woman, La-saba-wil", was captured. At
length my mother's brother brought back my horse, having followed me. "Do your
best. The people are very many," said he. lie went homeward on foot, leaving me
alone. I put the saddle on my horse, and mounted him. As I went down a steep hill,
I loosened my hold on the lariat, giving him full rein. At length I arrived at a great
distance from the foe. "Sit behind," said I to my mother's brother; but he refused.
The paths stood so thick that they were without spaces between them. I went a little
distance by another way, joining the rest after making a detour. When we reached the
other side of a stream, the Pawnees let us go without further pursuit. At.length one
was brought to us, Haxe-jin'ga (Little Crow), whom a Pawnee had wounded in two
places on the shoulder and in the upper part of the cheek. The arrow-head stuck in
the cheek, so they pulled it out for him. We took him along homeward. We walked
throughout the night, and when it was day we walked till night. We walked four
nights after that, and until broad daylight. On the fifth day we reached home at
Niobrara. The foremost were ten men: Having said, "It is enough,"'they went to
their respective homes. At length four of the people from the lodges came in sight.
The first one who came home was iasi-ifige, and my mother's brother was the next in
rank. All the people kissed them. Me alone did they not kiss. When I reached
home, my father said as follows to me, as if in reproof: "Why! Go! You have seen
the three men who were killed, and you ought to die there. I am unwilling for you
to come back to this lodge. You desired that. It would be good for you even to die
from hunger in some lone place." I came home very lean. My mother made a good
couch for me. I slept there. My father gave me food. He said, "This Nudan'-axa
went traveling, but he has come home tired to death. Come to see him." My father
gave a horse, a robe, leggings, and moccasins to the old man who was called.
THE DEFEAT OF THE PAWNEES BY THE PONKAS IN 1855.
IAOIn WAQpI TE.
PAWNEE THEY WERE THE.
DICTATED BY NUDAn'-AXA.
JAi"n amA iiAug 'qti winuda" can'ca". Ki 04i" Agaha-.man' i" inc'lge
Pawnee the throughout made war on always. And this one Over (them) he walks old man
ilan'ge dde nagoe pizaf &ai"n amA. Ki Agaha-ma"'Oin akA ga"' giian'be
his sister but a captive took her Pawnee the And Agaha-ma'4i, the (an ex- to see his
(sub.). (sub.) pletive)
can" ga"' t'd 'fia-biamA. Ha"'egantce'qtci 4i, ifinga-bitdam. Ki-hna"' .ga"' 3
at any rate to he spoke of, they Early in the morning when, he was missing, they And only (exple-
die say. say. tive)
378 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
in a straight land
hnan ja"'i tj .
regularly he slept.
gfi"' cjii" amA
sat Pawnee the
Ga"' gAke Atih'ai te ca"'ca".
And that he passed on always.
EgR ie ha'ega"tce'qtci &'di ahf-biamd.
At length early in the morning there he arrived, they
In a lone place
Took hold of him, Pawnee
EAtan manhnin', A-biamA.
Why you walk, said they, they
Ga"', Min'jinga uAkiji 5de nAgge hnizai;
And, C.irl lam nearly but captive you took
related to her;.
ki Agudi t' eapaf d6i"te &'di t'da2"A e kan'bta. E'di cinudan an'(ate taf ega"
and in what you killed her it may there you kill me I wish. There dog to eat me in order that
manbin"', A-biama (aqubewaa-biamaitjAi" anma. I abit'a-biamA. Wuhu+!
I walk, said he, they Spoke in wonder they say Pawnee the Mouth they pressed on, Really
say. (sub.). they say.
6 t'6 nan'paji, a-biamA. jA in ama uewimhnjip -biamA, b~ugaqti. U#4ciaia
to die he fearsnot, said they, they Pawnee .the assembled they say, all. In the center
g4i'-biamA. Pi tmaxal to.
he sat they say. Anew they asked him.
EAta" ma"hnin', A-biamA.
Why you walk, said they, they
ery straight tell your
N7.! Min'jinga uAkiji dde nAgge hnizai; O6u in"'ahni" cld. Ki
Why! Girl Iam nearly but a captive you took here you had her yonwere Ant
related to her; for me coming home.
9 Awaoan'di t'6aaai tl'di t'dauna4 ai kan'bta.
where you killed her at the you kill me I wish.
I walk, said he, they
gAhiakAia ai"', A-1
at yonder (camp) they said
said they, they
found him, they
And to kill
E'di cinudan a"'nate taf cga"
There dog to eat me in order that
Ga"', Win'ke te, A-biamA. Ga"', (ilan'ge if hideama
And, Ho told the truth, said they, they And, Your sister lodge down-
her to you
Ga"' egasAni yi, 6'ta aq
And the next when, thither he
taitd, a-biama. Gasani e'ia hnd te,
shall, said they, they To-morrow thither you go will,
ai t6. E'di ahi-biamA 3'i, niacinga ama
went. There le arrived, they when, people the
U(a"'i t&. Ga"' u i wi"' 6giha a"i"' Aia. ai yi, u6wi"fi -biama..
They took hold And lodge one headlong they had taken when, they assembled, they
of him. him say.
ifa-biamA. Ga"' i ) pahan'ga uan'si amiadi ama ahi-baji Slci;
they spoke of, And lodge before li alighted by those the they did not for a
they say. in (sut.) arrive longtime;
15 Adan' a"'li" t'6fa-bAi" to. kkikinAqM in'-biamA, pahan'ga t'de6 gan'lai dgan.
therefore he came very near being put Each one hastened to anticipate the first to kill he desired as.
to death, the rest, they say, him
Eganqti agi"' akama.
Just so they were keeping
him, they say.
.jig(fpiqti g#i"'i to.
he pulled well he sat.
KI Amaha-ufci akA cdeict6wa"'j g ai"'i te; waiin'
And Unwilling-to-share- the not heeding at all sat; robe
Ga"' cA i" eqitan-ma wi"' ahii tE.
And Pawnee those from (the one he arrived.
Hau! kd, can'-
Ho! come, cease
18 gaxAi-ga. Waiate #icta"', ni eti fatan' icta"', ninf cti i"' picta"', af to.
ye. Eating be finished, water too drinking he finished, tobacco too using he finished, le said.
Ga"' gi'i 'fa-biama.
And to give they promised,
his back they say.
(i4an'ge aa.ggahnii' u age' tate, a-biamA. Ga"'
Your sister you have yours you go slall, said they, tIhey And
said they, they
THE DEFEAT OF THE PAWNEES BY THE PONKAS IN 1855: 379
a"'ba dilba gf(adaf to g(W tat4. Gan' cenan tdfihi [i ga"' agoai te. d oai"
day four they pro- when he go shall. And enough arrived when so he went Pawnee
nouncedtohim homeward times there homeward.
na"'ba edabe jdwag 4-biamA. Gan' Agiagoai te. An'ba g(dba Aboin" ja"'-
two also went with them, they say. And they passed (the other Day ten three sleep.
camp) on theirway home.
qti-dga" akfi te. Gan' cd@in-ma jlwagoe akii te, hin"b, uta"' ge, waii"', 3
about they reached And the Pawnees with them reached when, moccasin, leggings the robe,
home. home (ob.),
change ctfi kina wa'fi te, ci gd6waki(af to. Ki ga"' edfta" ga"' lkit'a" ai te
horse too equally they gave to again they sent them home. And then from that (exple- they hated one
them, time tive) another.
Ga"' Agaha-ma"'in" cenujingai t6di te. Ga"' wahaba iisW' (icta"'i te odi.
And Agaha-maFin he was a young it was when. And cars of corn to pull they finished it was
man off then.
Q6 iicta"'i to, gaq(a"' agai to. Ga"' 14 wAnase-hna"'i Nfub(Aoa ke'di. 6
to they finished when, migrating they went. And buffalo they sur- regularly Niobrara at the.
bury rounded them
EgiA e dizeqtci niacinga d'uba sig4A-bikdama, h6gaji. Egioe if ama
At length late in the person some they left a trail in a long a great Behold the tents
evening line many.
sakfbanwa"(af te. Mactcin'ge aki da(in" oanki w4ai to. Min' (an" hfd-
we had them side by side. Rabbit the (sub.) Pawnee the (pl.ob.) found them. Sun the at the
qtci te'di, 6gi(e, Mactini'ge ti amar a fkima"n'in aPai 4de agi amAma, af to. 9
very when, behold, Rabbit tent to the as a visitor he went but he is coming back, said
bottom they say, they.
Wii"h! wnih! af te. Nikacinga amA za'af 6ga" can'ge amia a"ha-biamA.
WilSh! witnh! he said. People the making as horse the fled they say.
(sub.) an uproar (sub.)
Pan'ka ama nika(iqe aeaf to. Mactcin'ge 6dufhai te. (:iAi" (ankA gpi"'i
Ponka the to chase the foe went. Rabbit joined in it. Pawnee. the (pl.) sat
O(an'di ahfi te. Ga"' dgax ita"'waeai ga"' 6diqti ahi [i, 6gioe ifingaf to. 12
at the they arrived. And around it they placed them so just there they when, behold, there were none.
Niaci"ga fliniqpai te. Uman"e 'i", hinb6, utan', can'ge w6kantan ain"'i
People had hid themselves. Provisions carried, moccasin, leggings, horse lariat they had
g6' ctewa"', fiona"'i ega a a"'0ai to hegaji an"izai to. Ga"' Waii"'-quide ama
tlb sever, they dropped as they aban- as a great we took. And Robe-gray the
(pl. b.) doned many (sub.)
eca"' Ifi. Ga' nikacinga ama dahi bFilga unal sig(4 cttwan' wd6a-baji 15
near camped. And people the hill all hunted trail in the least they found not.
Gau" afi'gu an'ga(indfta" niacinga na"'ba 6'di uiwagioA ahii to, wiji"'(e Cdi
And we wewho moved from man two thdre to tell them theyarrived, my elder his
to'ta. Nfacinga d'uiba gaiandi w6oa-biama dgan, wenaxifa ati-bi 6de sig#4
at the. People some in that (place) they found them, as, to attack them i. came, but trail
they say r ,. say
ctowa"' (ingaf; uman"e b(iigaqti wAca-biamA. Adan ata"' ma"oni"' to ceta" 18
in the last there was provisions all they snatched from Therefore when you walk the tothat
none; them, they say. time
cafi'ge cd-ma, wA4akihfde te, af Ada, u+! Ha"' ge' ctewan' waakibide te,
horse those you watch them will, he indeed, halloo I Night the soever you watch them will,
at Aia, u+! a-biama. Ga"' 6 uwagi(a ahf-biarnm af ana1'a. Ga"' a"wa"'-
he indeed, halloo! said they, And that to tell them they arrived, they I heard. And we sur-
says they say. they say said rounded
380 THE (qEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
the regu- always.
Pafi'ka amA wan
Ponka the (sub.) poll
3 Hau! ca"' ha, af.
Hot enough they
At length Da]
a"' d'uba ati anmA.
kota some came the
Ki E'di angAhii. Ki
And there we arrived. And
Ace wAxai. WanAce amA nfkagahi edAbe ukfkiai tw.
ce made them. Police the (sub.) chief also they talked
Gan' 4d-ma idnaxfiai. Miwahdga-baji. Ga"' Caan' arnm
And the buffa- they attacked. They shot down a great And Dakota the
loes many. (sub.)
akii dga", cka"'ji gei"' tW'di, egi e, Ca-i cangaghi"
reached having, motionless they when, behold, Yonder riding a horse
home sat he comes
win' hau, al. Egioe fbahan-lina'i. UOA'i-bi 6 akA hau, af. Ati ha.
one I they At length they all knew him. Pours much h it is I they He came
said. water from his said.
mouth into (something)
6 Ga"' Waiin'-quide amaq4ta". ( xe-ga[yu akA e'di ahf; ekioe akd. A"wa"'-
And Waiin'-qdde from them. Drum the there arrived; the two were We sur-
nasai, af UfA'i-bi aka. je-nuga g#6ba-nan'ba ki e'di nan'ba wan'ganasai,
rounded said UdA'i-bi the Buffalo bull ten two and there two we surrounded them,
Mde cdnaanwan/qi qtian'i, af.
but we utterly destroyed them, he
Ede d6a"baqti-dgan je-niga amA t'dawa af,
But about seven buffalo bull the they killed us,
9 af. Ki HiI-boan amA, Ebd-hnan i"td, eedga" dga", wakan'diodgan wand'an
he And Fish-smeller the Who only it may they as, impatiently they hear it
said. (sub.), be, thought
tait4. NAzandaji t'40ai, af. Nan'ge-tfA e t'dai, af. Na"bA-ma"nin' t'iai, af.
shall. Seeks-no-refuge is killed, he To-run-he-starts is killed, he Two-walking is killed, he
said. said. said.
Muxa-nAjin t'edai, af. CAnugAhi t'd6ai, al. Na"'ba uctaf au'ja ijAje awA-
Stuck in he is killed, he Big-head is killed, he Two remained though his name Ire-
obliquely stands said. said.
12 siia-m ji ha. Gal: Ca(in g4dba-na"'ba ki 6'di 'nan'ba weAnaxfiai Mde
member Inot e said Pawnee tens two and there two they attackedus but
thom as follows:
c6nawa4Aqtia"'i, af. Ga"' ni"n a anwan'danbai, zanf gini"', wi"'ect t'A-bAji.
they were utterly he And alive we saw them, all recovered, even one he died not.
ijai" amA hdgaji
Pawnee the a great
to a very great
wAni" ahfi, cdnawatA-biamA. NanbA-
they went after they exterminated them, By
them, they say.
15 (a"na"' cti t'dwataf t0, ikiAwatanta' winAqtci-an" an' wAqoi wai" aeai t6.
twos too they killed them, one after another by ones killing them they went after them.
And we came together
Waiin'-qdde the they danced regularly
pahan'gawi"' t'4p6 akA. Ga"' wa'an' uheai te:
the first one the one who killed. And song they carried it around:
Ai+ Hi-af-o-hi+, Hi-a-o-hi+, -Ii-af-o-hi+.
rw P, 4K I
1 II I '~'''''''''''~---'
THE DEFEAT OF THE PAWNEES BY THE PONKAS IN 1855. 381
ct6 he+ Pa-han'-ga-qtci ke+, CA-goe-ia-ji a-he+, Gan'-ki na"-wa-pe+,
The very first, He did not send him And they fear us,
home to you
C&-na-wa- 5 a-he+. C'tde-gAxe ijin'ge 6'di gi'i" ahi-bi egan', chd i"
Theyweroexterminated. Culde-gSxe his son there carrying shearrived, having, Pawnee
him they say
wi"' t'd6ai ko gaha tankia tnkaa. Ci wi"' gaha Atafkitai t6. Na"'ba 3
one he was the upon he caused him to Again one upon he caused him to Two
killed (ob.) tread on. tread on.
Atafkioaf t6. Ga"' Na"b-wata"' ijdje aifi'kieaf te.
he caused him to And Two-he-trod-on-them his name he caused him to
tread on. have it.
Sanssouci says that this occurred in the summer, and he thinks that it was earlier
378, 6. bougaqti, pronounced b u+gaqti by the narrator.
378, 16. eganqti a i" akama. He sat between two men, who held him. Each of
them had one hand on a knife, to kill him if he stirred.
378, 16. Amaha-upici is another name of Agaha-maunin, meaning, "He who is un-
willing to share his lodge with another." See "amahe" and wamahe" in the Dictionary.
379, 7-8. ji ama sakibanwa"nai. The camps of the two parties of Ponkas, the Waii"-
qude and the Hu-bia", were placed side by side. The Hu-boan chief sent two messen-
gers to UbiskA, to put him and the Waiin-qude on their guard. As the two camps
were close together, it was very easy for NudaP'-axa, who belonged to the Hu-bWa", to
hear what the criers proclaimed.
379, 8. Mactcinge was a brother of Hidiga (Myth-teller), Anhaji (Flees not), or
amini-wa'u (Pawnee woman) of the Wacabe gens.
379, 16. 64i t~ia-Nudan-axa; e pii te'a.-Frank La Flbche.
380, 1. Caan d'uba. These were about forty lodges of Yanktons, with whom the
380, 5. Uea'i-bi or Mantcu-kinanpapi was a member of the Wajaje or Reptile gens.
380, 7. By "buffalo bulls" he meant the Pawnees.
380, 16. waligakiji, from wakiji, refers to the two parties of the same tribe. When
two tribes come together again and camp, and then travel together, Akikiji is used.
Sanssouci says that when the Omahas were on the Platte River, in 1855, the
Ponkas and Yanktons attacked the PawneeF, some of whom were opposite Fremont,
Neb., the others being about five or six miles distant. The former were the a4jin-
mAha" and the PitahawiratA. Several Omaha messengers were there at the time of
the attack. The Omahas had sent word to the Pawnees to come in on a friendly visit.
Indt-snede (Long-Face) killed an Omaha Wejincte woman who was among the Ponkas;
and Black Crow, the head of the Ponka Nika-ddona gens, was wounded. Two Omahas,
382 THE (EGIHIA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Mazi-kide (Shot at a Cedar), and Mik&-qega, rushed into the Ponka ranks. The Ponkas
questioned them as to the numbers of the Pawnees, and then sent them back, saying,
"The Yanktons would like to kill you." Returning, they told the Pawnees that the
enemy were few. The Pawnees charged and routed the Ponkas and Yanktons, driving
some of them into the Platte River. This was in the fall of 1855, and after Ubi-ski's
The Pawnees warred on us incessantly. And this old man, Agaha-ma" qi" (He
walks over them), had a sister who was captured by the Pawnees. And Agaha-mai,,
wished to see her, and he spoke of dying. Early one morning he was missing. The
Pawnees dwelt in a land which was in that direction. He continued passing thither-
ward. He slept in lonesome places. At length he arrived early one morning. The
Pawnees arrested him. "What is your business?" said they. "I have a girl as a near
blood-relation, but you have taken her captive. I wish you to tell me where you have
killed her. I walk so that the dogs may eat me there," said Agaha-ma" i". The
Pawnees were astonished. They pressed their hands against their mouths. "Really!
he does not fear death," said they. All the Pawnees assembled, Agaha-mani"n sitting
in the center. They questioned him again, and he answered as before. Said they,
"He told the truth." Then addressing him, they said, "Your sister is held by those
who are in the village over yonder, down the stream and out of sight. We will give
her to you. You shall go thither to-morrow." On the morrow Agaha-man"in went to
the other Pawnees, who arrested him when they found him. They carried him at
once into a lodge, and then they assembled. They spoke of killing him. The Pawnees
whom he met at the first were late in arriving, so he came very near being put to
death. There was a contest, as each one wished to be the first to wound him. Just
so they were keeping him. And Amaha-unici sat as if unconcerned, with his robe
wrapped around him, the ends held by his hands, and with his arms crossed on his
breast. One came from the other Pawnees. "Ho! cease that. He has already taken
food and drink, and has smoked," said he. They promised to restore his sister to him.
"You shall take your sister home," said they. And on the fourth day which they
mentioned to him he and his sister were to go home. And when the full time had
come, they went home, two Pawnees also going with then. And they passed the
other Pawnee camp on their homeward way. In about thirty days they reached
home. And when they reached home with the Pawnees, they gave the latter equal
numbers of moccasins, leggings, robes, and horses, and sent them home. And from
that time the Ponkas and Pawnees hated one another. This was when Agaha-ma"qfin
was a young man. It was when they finished pulling off the ears of corn. When
they finished burying them in caches, they departed on the hunt. And they sur-
rounded the buffaloes at the Niobrara. At length, late in the evening, a great many
persons left a trail in a long line. Then we placed the tents of the two parties of Ponkas
side by side. Mactciiige (the Rabbit) detected the Pawnees. When the sun was at the
very bottom of the sky, behold, they said: "It is said that Mactciige went to the
tents as a visitor, but he is coming back." "Wtinh! wiunh!" said Mactciilge. As the
people made an uproar the horses fled. The Ponkas went to chase the foe. Mactcifige
took part in it. They reached the place where the Pawnees dwelt. And when they
surrounded them and had arrived just there, behold, the Pawnees were missing.
THE DEFEAT OF THE PAWNEES BY THE PONKAS IN 1855. 383
They had hid themselves. We took a great many of the things which they dropped
and left: provisions in packs, moccasins, leggings, lariats. And the Waiin-qude (Gray-
robes) camped very close. The Ponkas searched over all the hills, but they could not
find the slightest trail. And two men from our party went to the tent of my.elder
brother to tell about the affair. He sent out criers who said: "They report that they
found some people in that place, and when they went to attack them, there was not even
the slightest trail; but they deprived them of all their provisions, etc. So be on your
guard and watch your ponies. Watch them even at night." And I heard one say that
they had been there to tell it. And we continued surrounding the herds. At length
some Dakotas came. And we went thither. And the Ponkas made policemen. The
policemen and the chiefs talked together. lo! That will do," said they.. And they
attacked the buffaloes. They shot down a great many. And the Dakotas also sur-
rounded them. When they sat still after carrying the meat to the camp, they said:
"Yonder comes one on horseback!" At length they recognized him. "It is Ufa'i-
bi!".they said. He came from the WaiiE-qude. He reached the tent of Drum, the
two being related. "We surrounded the herd. We surrounded twenty-two buffalo
bulls, and we utterly destroyed them. But the buffalo bulls wounded about seven of
us," said he. And as the Hu-bla" (Fish-smellers) thought, "Who can they be?" they
were impatient to hear about them. Said he, "Seeks-no-refuge is wounded. Starts-to-
run is wounded. Two-Walking is wounded. Standing-with-bent-legs is wounded.
Big-head is wounded." Though two remained, I do not remember the names. He said
as follows: "Twenty-two Pawnees attacked us, but they were utterly destroyed." And
we saw them alive; all recovered, not even one died. As the Pawnees were a great
many, they chased them to a great distance before they exterminated them. They
killed them by twos; they killed them by ones, one after another, as they went along.
And we, the Hu-boan and Waiin-qude, came together again. The Waiin-qude danced
continually. My elder brother was the first to kill one of the foe. So they passed the
U-bi-ski~ was he!
The first one was he!
He did not send him home to you!
And they fear us!
They were exterminated!"
Smoke-Maker's new-born son was carried to the battle-field by an old woman, and
was caused to put his feet on two dead Pawnees. Therefore they made him have the
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE (MALE) WINTER.
OBTAINED FROM FRANK LA FLICHBE.
was going, they
Egioe Usni oinke'di ahf-biama. Ahai!
It came to Cold the-at he ar- they say. Well!
qati-aji-qti-hna" pa"'cti. CUgedi g tin'-ga. E'a"'qti mananin' (j i"cd a,
you have very as a rule heretofore. Those things sit. What great you have been waking ?
not come by matter
a-biam6 Usni akA. A"'ha", negiha, wilimi mdgan, wiban' aka a"'aqff-qti-an"i 3
said, they say Cold the. Yes, 0 mother's my father's likewise, my grand- the knocked the life out of
brother, sister mother me altogether
ega"' waji"'cte pf acin"h ha. Xagd gi"n'-biamA Mactcin'ge-i'n aka; uan's
having in a bad humor I have'been Crying he sat they say Rabbit the; hopping
iOa"nta" gtin'-biamA; cka"'aji ctbwan' gfin'-bajf-biamA Mactcin'ge-i"' aka.
suddenly and he sat they say; motionless at all he sat not they say Rabbit the.
Cka"'aji 4gan gtin'-ga ha, i-biamn Usnf ak4. An'kaji, negiha de 4gima" 6
Motionless so sit he they say Cold the. Not so, 0 mother's this I do it
can'can. Egide Usni akA 'Abae aq6 'fia-biamA. Negiha cubd6 tA mike,
always. It came to Cold the hunting going he they say. 0 mother's I go with will I who
pass spoke of brother you
A-biamA Mactcin'ge-i"' akA. TenA! (at'd te ha, a-biama Usni akA.
he they say Rabbit the Why! you die will he they say. Cold the
Af'kaji ha, negiha, Aqta at'd tada".
Not so 0 mother's how pos- I die shall?
6gan ga h6, 4-biama Usni aka.
so do he they say Cold the.
Ca"' cubtd ta mike ha.
At any I go with will I who
Let us see !
Usni akA Aci aAb ega"' Hw! hw!
Cold the out he went having Wh! Wh!
a-biama qi igacude gaxA-biamA, usni hdgaji amA. Ki aoA-biama Ni
he they say when blizzard he made they say, cold very it was, And he went,,they say when
said they say.
jugie atA-biama Mactcin'ge-in' akA.
with him went they say Rabbit the.
amA: ita"ninahA-qti cti naf'ge ao(
say: forward very too running he
Mactcin'ge-i"' akA wasisige-qti-bi- 12
Rabbit the active very they
habitu- they say:
qAfa cti agoi-hnan-
back too he came habitu-
again back ally
biamA: Usni cin nan'ge cti uican-hnani'-biam64. Niacinga ni"' wasisige
they say: Cold the running too he went habitu- they say. Person the active
I around him ally
10 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
inahi" Aha", eqdga"-biamA Usni akA. Egioe 4aqti win" ihf-biamA. UhI!
truly I he thought they say Cold the. It came to deer one he soared up, they Oho
negiha, laqti wi" cuhi ha. Kida-ga ha, A-biamA Mactcin'ge-i" ama.
O mother's deer one has reached Shoot it he they say Rabbit the
brother, you said
3 An'kaji ha 4ga' uAna-mAji ha, A-biamA Usni akA. Gan'ki indada" und
SNot so indeed such I do not seek he they say Cold the. And what he seek
etdda" eqega"-biamA Mactcin'ge-in' amA. I~gie nfacinga d'diba wBda-
can? he thought they say Rabbit the. It came to person some he found
biama Mactcin'ge-i" ama. UhA! negiha, niacinga d'dba cuhfi ha.
they say Rabbit the Oho! O mother's person some they reach
6 An'ha", 4ga"-hnan uane ha, a-biama Usni aka. Gan" t'waoA-biamA.
Yes, such habitually I seek he they say Cold the. And he killed them they say.
Niacinga kU wa'i"' ag4A-biama. Wa'i"' aki-biamA qi uhan-biamd niacin-
Person the carrying he went they say. Carrying he reached when he cooked them, per-
them homeward them home, they say they say
ga anfka. (ijicka gfiikdfa-ga hA, nanpdhi"-qti-an eb*dga", A-biamA
son the Your brother's work hurriedly for hungry very I think, he they say
son him said
9 Usni akA. Nin'deoA-biamA uqpd ufji-biamA niacinga jani[a' t6. Wi
Cold the. Cooked till done they say dish she filled for him human fresh meat the. I
dgan wabhata-mAji-hnan-ma"' ha, A-biamA Mactcin'ge-in' akd. Wd'i-biama.
such I eat not habitu- I do he they say Rabbit the. He gave it they say.
ally said back to them
Uman'e t a (0asnin'-biamA [i ci 'Abae a+A 'fca-biamA Usni akA. Angdae
Provisions the swallowed they say when again hunting going he they say Cold the. We go
12 taf Mactc 'ge-i"', A-biamA Usni akA. An'kaji, negfha, 0i-hna" ma'-
will Rabbit he they say Cold the. Not so, 0 mother's thou alone walk
tin'-ga, A-biamA Mactcin'ge-i"' akA. Usni akA ci usni gaxAb ega"' ci
thou he they say Rabbit the. Cold the again cold he made, having again
said they say
ati-biamA. Iof amA [i! Mactcin'ge-in' akA Usni igaqan ikd imaxA-
he went they say. He had they say when Rabbit the Cold his wife the he ques-
gone tioned her
15 biamA. jimiha, windgi IndAdan na"'pe a. tindgi nan'pe ihng&d h6.
they say. O father's my mother's what fears he ? Thy mother's to fear has nothing
sister, brother brother
Af'kaji, mimfha, wiect na"'pe at'a" ha: Aqtan windgi na"'pe cing4 tAda".
Not so, O father's even I to fear I have : how pos- my mother's to fear have noth- shall?
sister, (something) sible brother ing
(irigi na"'pe fingdf hU, A-biamA wa'u akA An'kaji, 4imiha, wfect6
Thymother's to fear has nothing she they say woman the Not so, O father's even I
brother said sister,
18 nan'anxi a-hnan-man/ ha: Aqtan windgi na"pe mingf tAdan. Anha", oindgi
me soared habitu- I use : how pos my mother's to fear havenoth- shall? Yes. thymother's
ally sible brother ing brother
dactan'ga-da na"'pe h6. An'han, 4gan 4skan eb4dgan ha, A-biamA Ma-
Rocky Mount- head he fears it Yes, so it might I thought he they say Rab-
ain sheep be said
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE (MALE) WINTER.
ctcin'ge-i"' aka. Wi" itab ega"' t'd) a-
bit the. One he found, having he killed
they say it
ag#-biamd. Usni akA aki-biamA.
ried it they say. Cold the he they say.
homeward reached home
I"'tcaNqtci Aci aeaf, A-biama wa'ui al
Nc w very out he went, she they say woman th
biamA. da 0an mAsab ega"' 'in
they say. Head the he cutoff, having he car-
Mactcifi'ge-in' wiu'anwAia 06 A.
Rabbit in which direction went he
ki. Egioe dAze i akf-biama 3
he. It came to" evening when he reached
pass home, they say.
Mactcin'ge-i"' aka. Negiha, ceoa" dactan'ga-dd wi"', A-biama. Gian"'a
Rabbit the. 0 mother's that the Rocky Mount- head one, he they say. Hethrewit
brother, ain sheep said to him
0(a-biama i[i t'6-qti aoA-biamd Usni aka. Wa'u ifink enA-qtci uctg
he sent they say when dead very he went they say Cold the. Woman the alone very re-
it forcibly mained
amA. Ada" edita" usni-qti-~ji-hnan" ama. Ceta"'.
they say. Therefore from that cold very not habitu- they say. So far.
The accompanying version of this Omaha myth was given me by Mr. Frank
LaFlche. Mr. Sanssouci says that it was not the Winter, but Igacude (Storm-maker),
who was killed by the Rabbit.
Igacude used to go each day to a lofty bluff, and gaze in all directions till he spied
a party of hunters. When he discovered as many as he could carry on his back, he
used to take up a ball of snow and blow off the particles till he made a snow-storm,
in which all the men were sure to perish. Then Igacude gathered the bodies and car-
ried them to his lodge.
9, 1. Mactciilge-in, or Mactcifge, the name of a mythical hero of the Ponkas
and Omahas, answering to the Iowa and Oto Mictcine. His other name was Sii6-
makan (see myth of the Turkey, in the first version; also that of Si&6-maka's advent-
ures as a deer). The distinction, if any, between Mactcifige and Mactcifge-i" has
9, 2. e'an-qti ma"oni" 4aoiuce a. The use of "ea".qti" shows that there must
have been some great trouble or important business which forced the Rabbit to wander
from his home at such a time.
9, 10. asa-b egan, contr. from afa-bi egan.
9, 11. igacude gaxa-biama, usni hegaji ama. Frank said: usni he+gaji ama, It
was ve - ry cold.
10, 7. niacinga k6, "the long line of men's bodies," in this case.
10, 13. gaxa-b ega", contr. from gaxa-bi ega".
11, 6. ada" editan usn-qti--iji-hnan ama. Before that it was much colder than it
is now. Now we have the female Winter.
The Rabbit was going somewhere. It came to pass that he reached the place
where the Winter was dwelling. "Well! you made it a rule not to come hither at all
in the past. Sit by those things near you. On what very important business have
you been traveling?" "Yes, O mother's brother, and my father's sister! my grand-
12 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
mother has altogether beaten the life out of me; so I have been coming hither in a
bad humor" (said the Rabbit). The Rabbit sat crying; he continued hopping to and
fro; the Rabbit did not sit still at all. "Do sit still," said the Winter. "0 mother's
brother, I always do thus!" At length the Winter spoke about going hunting. ''O
mother's brother, I will go with you!" said the Rabbit. "Why! you would be apt
to die," said the Winter. "No, O mother's brother! how is it possible for me to
die? I will go with you at all events." "Let us see! Do so," said the Winter. The
Winter, having gone out, said: "Wh! Wh!", and made a fine driving snow-storm
(blizzard). It was very cold. And when he departed, the Rabbit went with him.
The Rabbit was very active: he continued going and running very far ahead (of the
Winter); and he was coming back repeatedly; he also went running many times
around the Winter, as he moved along. "The person in motion is truly active!"
thought the Winter. By and by he (the Rabbit) scared up a deer. "Oho! O mother's
brother! a deer has reached you; shoot it!" said the Rabbit. "No, such I do
not seek," said the Winter. And the Rabbit thought, "What can he be seeking?"
After a while the Rabbit (in moving along) discovered some men. "Oho! O mother's
brother! some men have come to you." "Yes, such only do I seek," said the Winter.
And he killed them. He carried the (dead) men homeward on his back. When he
reached home with them on his back, he boiled the men. "Hurry for your nephew;
I think that he is very hungry," said the Winter (to his wife). She cooked them until
they were done. They filled for him (the Rabbit) a dish with the human fresh meat.
" I am not accustomed to eating such (food)," said the Rabbit. He gave it back to
them. When the provisions had been devoured, again the Winter spoke of going
hunting. "Let us go, Rabbit," said the Winter. "No, O mother's brother! you go
alone," said the Rabbit. The Winter, having made cold (weather) again, went again.
When he had gone, the Rabbit questioned the Winter's wife. "O father's sister! what
does my mother's brother fear ?" "Your mother's brother has nothing to fear." No,
O father's sister! even I have something to fear. How is it possible for my mother's
brother to have nothing to fear?" Your mother's brother has nothing to fear," said
the woman. "No, O father's sister! even I am used to being scared. How is it possi-
ble for my mother's brother to have nothing to fear?" "Yes, your mother's brother
fears the head of a Rocky Mountain sheep." "Yes, just so I thought it might be," said
the Rabbit. Having found one, he killed it. Having cut off its head with a knife, he
carried it homeward on his back. The Winter reached his home. "In which direction
has the Rabbit gone ?" "He has just gone out (of the lodge)," said the woman. After
a while, when it was dusk, the Rabbit reached home. "0 mother's brother! that round
object by you is the head of a Rocky Mountain sheep," said he. When he had thrown
it suddenly toward him (the Winter), the Winter became altogether dead; only the
woman remained. Therefore, from that cause (or, from that time), it has not been very
cold, as a rule.
HOW THE RABBIT CAUGHT THE SUN IN A TRAP.
HOW THE RABBIT CAUGHT THE SUN IN A TRAP.
OBTAINED FROM FRANK LA FIACHE.
Egife Mactcin'ge akg i[a"' (inkd ena-qtci ifge jiigig~ -biama. Ki
It came to Rabbit the hi grand- the (st. only very he dwelt he with his they say. And
pass (sub.) mother ob.) in a lodge own
han'egantc6'-qtci-hnan' 'abae ahf-biama. Ha"'egantco'-qtci a#a-bi ctwwa"'
morning very early habitually hunting he went thither, Morning very early he went, they notwith-
they say. say standing
nikacinga wi"' si sned6'-qti-hna" sfgie aiA-bitiamA. Ki fbahan gan"A- 3
person one foot long very habitu- trail had gone, they say. And to know he wished
biama. Niacinga i"n in"ta" witan in bto tA mike, eodgan-biami. Ha"'-
they say. Person the now I-first I go will I who, he thought they say. Morn-
egantc6'-qtci -X han-bi egao' aoA-biama. Ci igide nikacinga amA sigte
ing very early he arose they having he went, they say. Again it came to person the (my.) trail
aA-bitdama. Egide aki-biam6. GA-biama: [a"nh, witan"i" b6 a[fdaxe 6
he had gone, they say. It came to he reached home, He said as follows, 0 grand- I-first I go I make for
pass they say. they say: mother, myself
ctiwa"' nikaci"ga wi"' a"'aqai aai te a"'. XanhA, uqfanoe dAxe tA
notwith- person one getting ahead he has gone. 0 grandmother, a snare I make will
standing of me
mike, ki boize ta mike ha. Atan jan tada"', A-biamA wa'uijinga akA.
I who, and I take will I who Why you do should ? she they say old woman the.
him it said
Niaci"ga ifAt'ab04 ha, A-biamA. Ki Mactcin'ge aoA-biamA. AOA-bi [i 9
Person I hate him he they say. And Rabbit he went they say. He went, when
said they say
ci sigte 0d t- amA. Ki ha"' t6 ioApe jan'-biama. Man'de-[a"n an ukinacke
again train it had gone, they And night the waiting he lay they say. Bow-string the noose
gaxA-biamnA If, sige (d-hnan t6 6'di iean' a-biamA. Egioe han'egantc6'-
he made they say when, trail went habitu- the there he put it they say. It came to very early in the
it ally paks
qtci uNia"ee Oan gila"'be ahi-biama. Egioe Mi"n an izd akAma. Tanin"'- 12
morning snare the to see his own he ar- they say. It came to Sun the e had taken, they Running
rived pass say.
qtci u0A agoA-biami. Ia"hA, indAdan dinte boize 6dega" an'baaze-hna"'
very to tell he went they say. 0 grandmother what (thing) it may I took but me it scared habitu-
homeward be ally
ha, A-biamA. XHa"h, man'de-[a"n an agofze kan"bodegan an'-baaze-
he they say. 0 grandmother, bow-string the I take my I wished-but me it soared
hna"'i ha, A-biamA. MAhi" agin-bi ega"' 6'di a&a-biamA. Ki eca"'-qtci 15
habitually he they say. Knife he had they having thither he went they say. And near to very
said say it
ahi-biamA. Pfiaji ckAxe. EAtan Igan ckAxe A. E'di gi-adan in"'ickA-ga
he ar- they say. Bad you do. Why so you do I There be com- and untie it for me
rived ing back
hA, A-biamA Mi"' akA. Mactcin'ge akA 6'di aoA-bi ctewan' nan'pa-bi egan'
he they say Sun the. Rabbit the thither went they notwith- he feared the seen having
said say standing danger, they say
14 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
hdbe ihe afd-hna"-biam. KI :qu'6' af6-bi ega"' m4sa-biamA man'de-qa"
partly he he went habitu- they say. And rushing he went, they having he cut it they say bow-string
passed ally with say
fan. Gan'ki Mi"' akA manciAha Ai64a-biami. Ki Mactcin'ge akA Abatqu
the. And Sun the on high it had they say. And Rabbit the space be-
gone tween shoulders
3 hi"' fan nazi-biamA, AnakadA-bi egan'. (Mactcif'ge ama aki-biamA.) I-tci-
hair the burnt they say, it was hot on they having. (Rabbit the reached they say.) Itci-
yellow it say home
tcf+i! [anha, nafing6-qti-ma"' ha, A-biamA. j~ucpafan+! in'na~ing/'-qti-ma"'
tciI 0 grand- burnt to very I am he they say. 0 grandchild! for me is burnt very Iam
mother, nothing said to nothing
eska"'+! A-biamA. Ceta"'.
I think I she they say. So far.
13, 7. afai te a". The conclusion of this sentence seems odd to the collector, but
its translation given with this myth is that furnished by the Indian informant.
13, 11. han+egautce-qtci. The prolongation of the first syllable adds to the force
of the adverb "qtci." The translation may be given as e - ry early in the morning."
14, 1. hebe ihe afe-hnau-biama. The Rabbit tried to obey the Sun, but each time
that he attempted it he was so much afraid of him that he passed by a little to one
side. He could not go directly to him.
14, 2. manciaha aiafa-biama. When the Rabbit rushed forward with bowed
head, and cut the bow-string, the Sun's departure was so rapid that "he had already
gone on high."
14, 3. Itcitci+, an intj., showing that the speaker was in pain, caused in this case
from the heat of the Sun's rays. See myth of the Sun and Moon.
The sentence at the end of the translation was given in (egiha by the narrator;
but the collector failed to write it. Hence it has no equivalent in the text.
Once upon a time the Rabbit dwelt in a lodge with no one but his grandmother.
And it was his custom to go hunting very early in the morning. No matter how early
in the morning he went, a person with a very long foot had been along, leaving a trail.
And he (the Rabbit) wished to know him. "Now," thought he, "I will go in advance
of the person." Having arisen very early in the morning, he departed. Again it
happened that the person had been along, leaving a trail. Then he (the Rabbit) went
home. Said he, "Grandmother, though I arrange for myself to go first, a person
anticipates me (every time). Grandmother, I will make a snare, and I will catch
him." "Why should you do it?" said she. "I hate the person," he said. And the
Rabbit departed. When he went, again had the footprints gone along. And he lay
waiting for night (to come). And he made a noose of a bow-string, putting it in the
place where the footprints used to be seen. And it came to pass that he reached
there very early in the morning for the purpose of looking at his trap. And it happened
that he had caught the Sun. Running very fast, he went homeward to tell it. Said
he, "Grandmother, I have caught something or other, but it scares me." "Grand-
mother I wished to take my bow-string, but I was scared every time," he said. He
went thither with a knife. And he got very near it. "You have done wrong. Why
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS.
have you done it? Come hither and untie me," said the Sun. The Rabbit, although
he went thither, was afraid, and kept on passing partly by him (or, continued going
by a little to one side). And making a rush, with his head bent down (and his arm
stretched out), he cut the bow-string with the knife. And the Sun went on high. And
the Rabbit had the hair between his shoulders scorched yellow, it having been hot
upon him (as he stooped and cut the bow-string). (And the Rabbit arrived at home.)
"I am burnt. 0, grandmother! the heat has left nothing of me," said he. She said,
"Oh, my grandchild I think that the heat has left to me nothing of him!" (From
that time the rabbit has had a singed spot on his back, between the shoulders.)
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS
OMAHA VERSION, BY J. LA FI~CHE.
Mactcin'ge amA i[a"' ea"ba 6df akima ligge jdigigAe.
Rabbit the his grand- too there was, they he dwelt with hi
mother say in a lodge own
faoa% t~ji-A h6', i[a"' akA egA-biam&. WasAbe amA nikaci"ga
the to go not his grand- the she said that to Black bear the (pl.) men
mother him, theysay.
h6. E'di daji-a h6'. I'iqqa taf he. WasAbe nikagahi inkB
There go not They laugh will Black bear chief the
Black bear vil-
they are laughers
IAhe cdhioe- 3
hill that dis-
Oan'di 4fi hM, A-biamA. E'la aji-a he', A-biamA. Egife man'de gfiza-bi
the (cv.) he she they say. Thither go not she they say. It came to bow he took his
at pitches said said pass own, they say
ega' 6'di a~A-biama Mactcin'ge. WasAbe nikagahi
having there he went they say Rabbit. Black bear chief the-to Rabbit
amA 6'di abi-biama. jijdbe 6'di a-f-najin' xag4 gaxa-biamA Mactcifi'ge. 6
the there ar- they say. Door there he came to when crying he made they say Rabbit.
(my.) rived and stood at
Mactcin'ge, eAta" faxAge 4, A-biamA Wasabe akA. An'han-negiha-wa-
Rabbit, why you cry I he they say Black bear the. Yes 0 mother's old
'ujinga aka--inigi-Wasabe-ifink6'a-malnin'-A h--af 4gan-anala/husai
woman the your moth- Black bear the--to walk thou she having she scolded me
her's brother said
egan'-pi hl, A-biamA Mactcinf'ge akA. Egi e nan'de masAniala gifi'-gA 9
having I have he they say Rabbit the. It came to side of the on the other side sit thou
been coming said pass lodge
ha, A-biamA WasAbe akA. igife Mactein'ge 6'di gfi" fink amA. Ha"'
he they say Black bear the. It came to Rabbit there he was sitting, they say. Night
w3i Mac tcin'ge Aci a A-biama. Aci ahf-bi ega"' !ij4be dgax6'-qti jA-biamA
when Rabbit out of he they say. Out of ar- they having door round very dunged, they
doors went doors rived say about say
Mactcifi'ge akA. Hail ifig4 wiwila, a"'ba wfujafi'ga uAg a'A'a tal ha, 12
Rabbit the. Well feces my own, day as soon as you give the scalp- will
16 THE 3EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
A-biamA Mactcin'ge aka.
he they say Rabbit the.
A"'ba wfuafiga ggife niaci"ga hggaji-qti ug6'a'A-
Day as soon as it came person not a few very gave the
to pass s calp-yell
Negiha, nikacinga h4gact Iwan'ji cka"'awafaf ha, A-biami Ma-
O mother's person a few-not at all they cause us to said they say Rab-
3 ctcin'ge akA.
Black bear the.
u skdwa"-qti ajan' an'ja 6'be cka"'an1 tA, A-biamA
a long while very I lie though who make me move shall said, they say
]de niacinga hdgaji-qti ug~A'a'a-biamA bgdiga-qti.
But person not a few very gave the scalp- they say all very.
Aci afa-biama Wasabe ama, nikaci"ga-bi e6gan-bi ega"'. Aci hi wiuan-
out of went they say Black bear the (my.), person (See Note). thought they having. Out of ar- as soon
doors say doors rived
ti gA-qti WasAbe t'da-biamA Mactcifi'ge akA. Negfha, t'~ i6-qti-an'i, A-bi-
as very Black bear he killed, they say Rabbit the. O mother's they kill very said, they
amA Mactcin'ge akA.
say Rabbit the.
T'[ a-bi ega"' agfa-biama.
Killed they having he went they say.
him say homeward
Ki 1i tW'ja aki-biama.
And lodge at the he reached home,
)aa"nh, WasAbe nikagahi t'da6A ha, A-biamA. Aqtan t'6wa#A~ ta. T'4c6 te
O grand- Black bear chief I have he they say. Howpossi- you kill them shall? Killing the
mother killed him said ble
9 pibaji hb, A-biamA. XanhA, t'fao ha. Angaoe tai, A-biamA. (See W aji"-
bad she they say. O grand. I have We go will, he they say.
said mother, killed him said
ska's version.) W a'ifjinga e'di jigpe ahi-biamt Xa"ha, ced ha, a-biama.
Old woman there she with arrived, they say. 0 grand- that he they say.
him mother is it said
A"'han icpaea"', ca"' hU, A-biamA. cAda-bi ega"' 'i"' agfA-biama.
Yes O grandchild, enough said they say. Carved they having carry- theywenthome-
she, it say ing on ward, they say.
12 bi 3I Mactcin'ge afA-biamA WasAbe can'de ain:'-bi ega'. Was
they when Rabbit went they say Black bear scrotum he had they having. Black
fa"nA ahi-bi qi, Mactcin'ge tf ha, Mactcif'ge ti ha, A-biamA. Za'6'-qti-
the--to ar- they when, Rabbit has I Rabbit has said they say. Uproar very
rived say come come
a"'-biamA. An'ha", atf ha. Iubja at
they say. Yes, I have I tell I ha
come news comn
15 Mactcin'ge fu a ti 46 ha, A-biamA.
Rabbit to tell has he said they say.
news come says
i ha, A-biamA Mactcifi'ge akA.
ve said they say Rabbit the.
WasAbe bd6ga-qti 6'di ahi-biamA.
Black bear all very there ar- they say.
Standing very ar. they say
KE, fu(-ga ha', A-biamA.
Come, tell the news said they say.
A"'ha", iub a tA
Yes, I tell will
mike ha, A-biama Mactcii'ge akA. WasAbe nikagahi uiju fink6 nikacinga
I who .said they say Rabbit the. Black bear chief princi- the person
18 Ahigl-qti 6'di ahi-bi ega"' t'dfa-biamA, A-biamA Mactcin'ge akA. Nikagahi
many very there ar- they having they they say, said they say Rabbit the. Chief
rived say killed him
anguiai t'da-biamA, A-biamn WasAbe ami.
our they have they say, said they say Black bear the (pl.)
WasAbe amA bdAga-qti xagA-
Black bear the (pl.) all very cried
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS.
biamA. Nikagahi -iju t'd~ikifai hnankicg, can'de (an c6 ha, a-bi ega"',
they say. Chief princi- they killed for y who are, scrotum the that is said they having,
pal you it say
he hit them with it, Well
! Mactcin'ge dwani ha.
Rabbit caused it
(liqa-ba t' ai-ga ha, A-biam6.
Chase and kill him .said they say.
Wdahid6'-qti-Aiahi uqoA-bi ega"' t'(da-biamA. Jiga bfaga ficpAcpa-qti
Far away very at it ar- overtook they having killed they say. Body whole pulled into very
riving him say him small pieces
egan' a"'fa-biamA. I[a"' aifinkdi [Aci kf-iaji ama Mactcifnge Ga" iyan'
having threw they say. His grand- the-to a long reached they Rabbit. And hisgrand-
away mother while home, not say mother
aka ugine a(p gan"a-biamA. Wa'iujinga aka uqdqaha an' giza-bi ega"'
the to seek to go wished they say. Old woman woma nomans bag the took her they having
her own own say
Mactcin'ge ugine a(A-biamA.
Rabbit to seek went they say.
Agudi t'di t'qdai t6 3anbe tdgan uAne b46d 6
In what the-in theyilled the I see it in order I seek it I am
place him that going
he, A-biamA wa'ijinfga aka. E'di ahf-bi ega"' (icpAcpai gO bahi-bi ega"'
said they say old woman the. There ar. they having pieces pulled the picked they having
she rived say apart up say
uq iqaha fa" uji maniin-bi t'di, A"'ha", Mactcin'ge, naxfde- ifin'ge. j1i
woman's bag he filling walked they when, Yes, Rabbit, inner-ear hee-none. Lodge
gAama naxfde-(in'gai dga" 'di (aji-A h e, eh (a ca"' cf gan tc'diai. 9
those they are disobedient as there go not I said i the yet you as they killed
past went you.
Ag(A-biamA wa'ujinga, uqfiqaha (a"' gi'in'-bi ega"'. Aki-bi ega"' ijiha
Went homeward, old woman, woman's bag the carried on they having. Reached they having sack
they say her back say home say
fa"n gamu-bi egan' Mactcifi'ge nin'a-biama. f.a"ba"n (ji-a hM. Ifi a"n
the emptied by having Rabbit alive they say. A second time go not Village the
naxfde-in'fgai hM, A-biamA. Mactcin'ge akA, B, o tA mike, eega"-biam6. 12
they are disobedient said they say. Rabbit the, I go will I who, he thought they say.
Man'de gifza-bi ega"' apA-biama Wasabe 4fi a"n ahi-bi tW'di Wasabe
Bow took his they having went they say. Black bear village the arrived, when Black bear
own say they say
wi" han'bpa-biama. Wasabe xag6'-qti-hna"' naji'-biamA. Ci, ata" aja"',
one had a dream, they say. Black bear crying very habitu- stood they say. And why you do
A-biamA. Ha"'abt4-de piaji hegaji if.hanbf4 ha. B i^ga-qti t'awaoaf
said, they say. I had a dream but bad not a little I dreamed about it All very they killed us
i6Ahanbfd ha. A"'ha", wi cti 't'da"n ai ia hanb(4 ha, A-biamA. tJan"ii'ge
I dreamed about Yes, I too me-they I dreamed about said they say. To no purpose
it killed it he
haneabdI ha. Aqta" bfiga t'dawA 6 tAba. Wasabe ama nfkacinga end-
you hada How possi- all they kill us shall? Black bear the (pl.) human beings alone
qti wApata-biamai; Ada" Mactcin'ge nikaci"ga wiuki-bi eg'' b(pfga-qti 18
very theyate theysa ththerefore Rabbit mankind sided with them, having all very
them they say
t'ewae6 gan ia-biama. Wasabe iii (a" 'di ahf-bi ega"' ha"'da" 4ii fa"
to kill them desired they say. Black bear village the there arrived, having night-during village the
dgax6-qti jA-biama Mactcin'ge aka.
round very dunged, they Rabbit the.
Hait! ingg4 wiwifa, an'ba sa"' tihe
Well! feces my own, day distant ap-
18 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
1[i ug#A'a'i-gA, A-biama. Wasabe bfiiga t'danwa"'Q tai ha A-biami.
when give ye the scalp-yell, said, they say. Black bear all we kill them will said they say.
Wita~ i"n'-qti wa'i"'aba" tA mike hA. Rikita" ugfa'a'Ai-gh ha, a-biama.
I at the first very I give the attack- will I who At the same give ye the scalp- said they say.
ing cry time yell
3 An'ba 'waiafiga wa'i"'ban-biama Mactcin'ge aka. Bfiga-qti ugfA'a'a-
Day as soon as he gave the at- they say Rabbit the. All very they gave the
tacking cry scalp-yell
biamA niaci"ga amA. WasAbe b iUga Aci ahi-biama. B iiga-qti t'gwaai-
they say person the (pl.). Black bear all out of they came, they All very they killed
doors say. them
biama Wasabe-mA. Nuga wi" ni"'iga win edAbe ugacta-biami. WasAbe
they say Black bear the Male one female one also remained they say. Black bear
6 na"'ba-mA Mactcin'ge Afau -biama.
two the Rabbit them he took hold
(pl.) of, they say.
Mactcin'ge ama iwakiA-biama Wa-
Rabbit the talked with they say Black
sAbe-mA (ipibaji ega"' wag~icka ena-qti wahnAte taitd, A-biama.
bear the You bad being insect only very you eat shall surely, said they say.
WanAxi fifin'ge taitd. I"'nanhA windgi edAbe ( fate taitd. Wasabe
Spirit you have shall surely. My mother my mother's also they eat shall surely. Black bear
none brother you
9 epfge taitd.
they say shall
to you surely.
15, 2. ega-biama, fr. ege: to be distinguished from ga-biama.
15, 3. dahe cehileandi. Let A denote the place of the speaker; B, dahe ceke,
that visible long hill, a short distance off; b, dahe cea", that visible curvilinear hill,
a short distance off; C, dahe cehike, that visible long hill, reaching a point farther
away; c, dahe cehiau" ditto, if curvilinear; D, dahe cehieek6, that visible long hill,
extending beyond dahe ceke, and dahe cehike; d, dahe cehifefa", that visible curvilin-
ear hill, extending beyond dahe ce an and dahe cehifa".
A (line of vision) B. - -- - - DI ;
A (line of vision) - - B ----- D ;
or, A (line of vision) --- -- -- ------.
15, 7. aehan--negiha, etc. The Rabbit spoke as children sometimes do when
16, 1. hegajiqti, pronounced he+gajiqti by the narrator.
16, 2. hegactewa"ji, pronounced he+gactewanji by the narrator.
16, 4. bfugaqti, pronounced bfu+gaqti by the narrator.
16, 5. niacinga-bi efegan-bi egan. The -bi after niacinga shows that the Black
bear, while he thought that there were men outside, had not seen them. See the Oto
version of this myth, to appear hereafter in "The jaiwere Language, Part I."
There was a Rabbit and his grandmother, too; he dwelt in a lodge with her. His
grandmother said that to him: "Go not to the village of Black bears. The Black
bears are abusers of men. Go not thither. They will abuse you. The Black bear
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS.
chief has a lodge on a hill extending beyond that one in sight. Do not go thither,"
said she. And taking his bow, the Rabbit went thither. The Rabbit reached the
chief of the Black bears. When he got there, and was standing by the door, the
Rabbit pretended to be crying. "Rabbit, why do you cry?" said the Black bear.
"Yes,-O mother's brother-the old woman-said-' Go to-your mother's brother-
the Black bear'-and, having-scolded me-I have been coming hither," he said. At
length the Black bear said, "Sit by the side of the lodge on the other side of (the fire-
place)." And it came to pass that the Rabbit was sitting there. At night the Rabbit
went out of the lodge. Having gone outside, the Rabbit dunged all around the door.
"Well, my own fecess" said the Rabbit, "you will please give the scalp-yell as soon as
it is day." As soon as it was day, behold, a very great multitude of persons gave the
scalp-yell. "0 mother's brother! an exceedingly large number of men dislodge us,"
said the Rabbit. "Though I should lie here a very long period (or, for many years),
who could possibly dislodge me (or, cause me to move)?" said the Black bear. But
every one of a large number of persons gave the scalp-yell many times. And thinking
that it was people, the Black bear went out of the lodge. The Rabbit killed (wounded)
the Black bear just as soon as he got outside. 0 mother's brother! they have indeed
killed you," said the Rabbit. Having killed him, he went home ward. And he reached
his home at the lodge. "0 grandmother! I have killed the Black bear chief," said he.
'"How would it be possible for you to kill him? To kill him is bad (or difficult)," she
said. ".Grandmother, I have killed him. Let us go (thither)," said he. The old
woman arrived there with him. (See Waji"ska's version.) "Grandmother, this is he."
Yes, my grandchild, it will do," said she. Having cut up the body, they carried it
homeward on their backs. When they reached home, the Rabbit departed, carrying
the scrotum of the Black bear. When he reached the village of the Black bears, they
said: "The Rabbit has come! The Rabbit has come!" They made a great uproar.
"Yes, I have come to tell news," said the Rabbit. "Halloo! the Rabbit has come, he
says, to tell news." All of the Black bears went thither (to the lodge where the Rabbit
was). They were at the lodge in great crowds. "Come, tell us the news," said they.
Yes, I will tell the news," said the Rabbit. "A great many persons, it is said, went
to the principal chief of the Black bears, and killed him," said the Rabbit. "Our chief
has been killed," said the Black bears. All the Black bears cried. "Ye who have had
your head-chief killed, here is his scrotum." Having said this, he struck them with it.
"Halloo! The Rabbit is to blame. Chase him and kill him," said they. They got to
a place at a very great distance, and overtaking him, they laid hold of him, and killed
him. They tore all of his body into small fragments, and threw them away. When
a great while had elapsed, the Rabbit had not come home to his grandmother. And
his grandmother wished to go and seek for him. The old woman took her bag, and
went to search for the Rabbit. Said the old woman, "I go to search for him, that I
may see the place where he was killed." Having reached there, she picked up the
scattered pieces; and as she walked along putting them into the bag, she was saying:
"Yes, Rabbit, you were disobedient. I-said 'Those villagers are disobedient, so do not
go thither'. Yet you went, and they killed you." The old woman went homeward,
carrying the bag on her back. When she reached home, she poured out on the ground
the contents of the bag, and the Rabbit was alive. "Go no more. The villagers are
disobedient," she said. "I will go," thought the Rabbit. He seized his bow and
20 THE (OEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
departed. When he reached the Black bears' village, one Black bear had dreamed
(or, had had a dream). The Black bear stood crying bitterly. They said, "Why do
you do it?" Said he, "I dreamed, but I dreamed about something extremely bad. I
dreamed that we were all killed. Yes, I dreamed that I too was killed." "You
dreamed to no purpose. How could we all be killed?" The Black bears ate only
human beings; therefore, the Rabbit, siding with mankind, wished to kill all of them.
The Rabbit, having reached the Black bears' village, dunged all around it during the
night. "Well! my own faces," said he, "give ye the scalp-yell at early dawn. Let us
kill all the Black bears. I will at the first give the signal for the attack. Do ye, at
the same time, give the scalp-yell." As soon as it was day, the Rabbit gave the signal
for the attack. The whole party of men gave the scalp-yell. All the Black bears
came out. All of the Black bears were killed. One male and one female were left.
The Rabbit took hold of the Black bears. The Rabbit talked with the Black bears:
"You were bad, so you shall eat nothing but insects. You shall have no spirits
(minds). My mothers and my mothers' brothers (that is, men and women, the whole
human race) shall eat you. You shall be called Black bears (wa-sabe, the black
animals). Walk ye (or depart ye)."
-HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS.
OMAHA VERSION, BY WAJIn'SKA.
Mactcin'ge iqan"' finkk jiigig e ahf-biamA
Rabbit his grand- the he with his ar- they say.
mother own rived
k6 'in'-ga, a'-biamA. j'icpaoa"+! wakan'da-i
the carry on said they say. 0 grandchild he makes himself a
your back, he
3 ja"'i. A"nan'-qiqfxe taf. Ub i'age, A-biamA.
he lies. Me with crnsh many will. I am unwilling, said they say.
his leg times she
'in'-ga ha, A-biamA. WijucpA! ig(an'(in, A-bi
carry on said they say. My grandchild! you are silly, said th
your back he she
taf; skige ho, A-biama. Qa-f! A-biamA, 4wafa'
will; heavy said the say. What! said they say, where-the
Gan'ki, yanhA, ;e-jiga
And grand- buffalo thigh
mother, (upper leg)
ai Adan na"pewaA'-qtci
deity therefore dangerous very
K6', 3[anh4, can ee-ftin
Come, grandmother, then buffalo rib
mA. 'id i an a nbiteitcfje
y say. Side the me pressing on
a a'i"' te, A-biamA.
you carry will, said they say.
on your back he
6 dA (an 'in'-ga ha, ci A-biama. jficpaan"! hi k6 pai, dgie au"'aqiqfxe taf,
head the carry on again said they say. 0 grandchild! teeth the sharp, beware, me they crush will,
your back he lest by biting
A-biam4. Nan'-ape tcabe, a-biama. Ki,Ha a a"nha, ie-man'ge ko 'il'-ga
said she, they I am afraid of very said they say. And, Ho! grandmother, buf- breast the carry on
say. them she falo your back
ha, a-biamA. jficpa an'! c46 h6, a-bia.m Gan'ki jd k6 ui4ha gaxA-
said they say. 0 grandchild! that is it said they say. And mem- the joined to it he made
he she brum virile
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE BLACK BEARS.
biama. ]i gfia-biama wa'tijifga. Gan, ke', ianhA, mang ifn'-gai h~.
they say. That she re- they say old woman. And, come, grandmother, begone
'In'-adan mafgfif'-ga ha, A-biama Mactcif'ge akA. [Egife min'dabe na"b .
Carry and begone said, they say Rabbit the. [At length hour two
tW'di] uqfd cakf ta mike, A-biama. Iba"' akA 'i"' aga-biamA. Ki gafiki 3
at the] quickly I come will I who, said I who. His grand- the carry- went homeward, And then
home to mother ingon they say.
uqfiiqa dami ddega" gasnin g ifa"' agfaf gan'ki j6 k6 u[fdahA-qti i"je fan
hollow going down but slipped suddenly went and mem- the pushed itswayvery vagina the
hill brum irie far
i#f#e-hnan'-biamA. U-ii+! e-hnan-biamA. Gan'ki i~pcpa 6'di agfA-biama.
went habitu- they say. Oh! oh! said only they say. And her arand- there went homeward,
suddenly ally child, they say.
Egife fgifA-biamA. Gija"'ba-biama. Ibeta" ag4A-biama. Pfiji inahi" 6
It came to he found they say. He saw his they say. Passing went they say. Bad truly
pass his own own
wa'ujinga gAxai, edigan agai-biamA.
old woman did, thinking went homeward
you walk, said they say.
Gafiki 4f tola akf-biamA Ma-
And lodge the-at reached home, Rab-
Gafi'ki iian' amA gan't -qti akf-biama. Gan, Eatan
And his grand- the a while very reached home, And Why
mother (my.) they say.
ILlcpagan+! C ji"n jifi'ga ikAgewaoage ama af'kipai 9
0 grandchild! Pawnee young you have them for the (pl.) they met me
ega"' juan'gfe adk; waqatankidaf ega"' ag~f-maji.
having with me they they caused me to eat having I did not come
reached home; home.
Gafnki ki amA [i
And reached they when
gan'ki iha"' inkd wakdga, 6-biamrA.
then his grand- the sick, she said, they say.
1[a"' #ifikd wami-4g~an gi6xa-biami.
His grand- the blood diaper (?) he made they say.
mother for her
Wamf hdbe gianfa
Blood piece he threw
Grandmother, bad very
sent they say.
ekdxe. Aci 12
you d(id. Out of
ga ha, A-bias
own said they
XanhA, aci uhan'-ga. CU-an wa.4 i'i"n e-man'ge Aci gAta-
Grandmother, out of cook. That (ev. you carried it buf- breast out of eat your
doors ob.) on your back falo doors
mA. j;icpaca."+! t'eAgiAi'-qti-ma" enA, A-biami Ega" tatd,
say. O grandchild! I kill my own very I do 1 said they say. So it shall
ifign"'+! A-biamA Mactcif'ge i[an' akA.
O first son! said, they say Rabbit his grand- the.
The above fragment of this myth was given by Wajin/ska, an Omaha. Mr. La-
F1lche admitted that there was such a part, but thought it could be omitted.
21, 2. egife mindanbe nanba tedi. This is evidently a modern addition, made by
21, 11. wami hebe, etc. The Rabbit took some coagulated blood from the piece of
the Black bear, and threw it suddenly against his grandmother, causing thereby the
first attack of the catamenia. From that time women have been so affected; and, as
in the case of the old woman they have been compelled to stay out of the lodge during
22 THE 4EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
The Rabbit arrived there (where he had killed the Black Bear chief) with his
grandmother. And, "Grandmother, carry the thigh on your back," he said. "O
grandchild! he made himself a god, therefore he is very dangerous, even when he is
lying down. He might crush me with his leg. I am unwilling," said she. "Come,
grandmother!" said he, "then carry the ribs on your back." "My grandchild, you
are foolish. The ribs will break in my side; they are heavy," she said. "What!
where is the part which you will carry on your back?" he said. And, "Carry," said
he, the head on your back." O grandchild! the teeth are sharp, and they might crush
me," she said. "I am very much afraid of them," said she. And he said, "Come,
grandmother, carry the breast on your back." "O grandchild! that is it," said she.
And he made the membrum virile to be with it. The old woman rejoiced on account of
that. And the Rabbit said, "Come, grandmother, begone. Carry it on your back and
begone." "By and by [in two hours] I will come home to you quickly," said he. His
grandmother went homeward carrying it on her back. And then she would have gone
down hill at a valley, but she slipped suddenly as she went homeward, and the mem-
brum virile penetrated as far as the os tince. U-ii+ !" she continued saying. And her
grandchild came to her on his way home. At length he found her. He saw her. He
passed around (avoided) her, and went homeward. "The old woman has done very
wrong," thought he as he went homeward. And the Rabbit reached his home at the
lodge. And after a great while his grandmother arrived at home. And he said,
"Why have you been walking?" (Or, "What was the matter with you ") "O grand-
child! some young Pawnees, your friends, having met me, went home with me (that is,
they took her to their home). As they made me eat, I did not come home." And when
they reached home his grandmother said that she was sick. He threw pieces of
blood on her with sudden force. He made a catamenial cloth for his grandmother.
"Grandmother, you have done very wrong. Go out of doors. Grandmother, cook
out of doors. Eat your own piece out of doors, that breast which you carried on your
back," said he. "O grandchild! I have killed my own (relation or property)!" said
she. "It shall surely be so, Ifngaan," said the Rabbit's grandmother.
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED A GIANT.
OBTAINED FROM FRANK LAFL~CHE.
TLAqti-gikidabi aka Odedi akama. Wanila dadan t'dwadai ctgwa"'
Deer-the-shoot-for- the there was, they Animal what they killed notwithstand-
him say. ing
inaIpe-hnan/i 'f-biama. Ki ma tfhe amai 1 cka"n'e aa-biama. Ki
fearing him habitu- they gave to him, And snow was lying, they when to dislodge went they say. And
on account ally they say. say (game)
3 Mactcif'ge-i"' amA cti 6'di aa-biama. Gata"'-qti t'dwa4e etgga"i aha"
.Rabbit the (my.) too there went they say. At last to kill them apt I
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED A GIANT.
e 'egan-bi pi 6'di aft-biami LAqti-gikidabi akA.
thought they when there be went, they say jaqti-gikidabi the.
Ki Mactcinge-i"' ama
And Rabbit the (my.)
quci wan 'an-bi egan' a'di aa-biama. igif e nfacinga nan'ba iaqti kfde
sound of he heard they having there went they say. It came to person two deer shooting
shooting say pass
t'd6 akAma, dAda-bAji naji"' akAma. Kagdha, didegan'i-gg ha. Eata" 3
had killed it, they say, cutting it not were standing, they say. Friend, do cut ye it Why
(anajini a, Ab ega" d6ade Atiae-q~'ti-a -biam Kagdha, 4ga"i 6degan
doye stand ? said, they having to cut it lie began very they say. Friend, it is so but
say up quickly
jaqti-gikidAbi arn wia"nanpaf ha. Ci+cte! A-biama Mactcin'ge-i"' akA.
jaqti-gikidabi the we fear them Fie! said, they say Rabbit the.
Laqti-gikidAbi it'e ifg4 ada" nan"'apaf a. JAdai-ga. WaA'in taf ha, 6
Laq'i-gikidabi death hehasnone there- you fear him I Cut ye it up. You carry it will
fore on your backs
said they say.
Gai'ki dadab ega"' u'i" [i xa-biami. (icta"'-qti-bi 3qi JL qti-
And cut it up, having packs made for they say. They fin- very they when jaqti-
they say themselves ished sa.
amA ati-biamn KIi ~iqti duiba mf-wagan"-mAma. jLckahi
e (my.) had come, they And deer four he was carrying them in his Oak tree
say. belt, as he moved.
janga-qti man'do a.in' amama. Anuan"'ana"'pa-bdji ifanahin'i
large very bow he was having, they Are ye not afraid of me ye truly
hnankac' donini a.
ye who ye are that ?
Cdaka Mactcin'ge-i"' akA dAde wAgaji
That one Rabbit the to cut it told us
ha, A-biamA nanbA aka. Eatan an" c'aj6'-qtci-i a, 6-biamA.
said, they say two the. Why do ye take it in my pres- I said they say.
enee. without hesitation he
pqji'-qtci! ict afnn'ga peji'-qtci! i jAa p6ji'-qtci! Ean'-
bad very! eye big bad very! mouth forked bad very What gi
A-biamA Ma.ctcin'ge-in' akA Q~iiji najin'-ga.
said, they say Rabbit the. Uttering stand.
Ci+cte! wami anwan'bitafi'ga. (ikli a-gA, #i]
Fie I blood press me down in. Hurry,
a"wa"'bitanf'-g ehi ha, jaqti-gikidjabi-a.
press me down in I say Iaqti-gikidabi O!
biamnl jfaqti-gikidAbi aka.
they say laqti-gikidabi the.
Blood streaming from him
in all directions
aka. Ci+cte! ab ega"' ci aki a-biam& LAqti-gf
the. Fie I said, they having again he attacked him, iaqti-g
say they say
a. Wi"'avwa 9
having we cut it up
ti donin" Ada", 12
t that yo ?
Egite wami uwidita" td.
Beware blood I press you lest.
k6ia-ga eh6 ha. Wami
hurry, I say Blood
a(ab ega"' wami ubitan- 15
went, they having blood pressed
say him down in
paha -biamA Mactcif'ge-iu'
arose they say Rabbit
ikidabi akA. (Vdama nan'-
ikidabi the. These fear
thee because they do not attack habitu- I I fear the not because I attack thee will I who.
Q fliiji naji"'i-ga. Egige maxe widijan te ha. MAxe a"wa"'bijafn-ga.
Uttering stand ye. Beware, sky I blow you lest Sky blow me into.
no sound into
(ikAua-gr j aqti-gikidabi-A.
Hurry, ILaqti-gikidabi 01
Mactcin'ge-in' iiz4b egan' mixaja bihib a
Rabbit he took, they having into the sky he blew
24 THE JEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
i a-biam6. NanjAjadje Ougf amA. Ki kaIf'g-qtci gf 3! ci bihifa
with sud- they say. Kicking out his he coming And near very b h when again he blow
den force legs hack. come back him
ioda-biama. Can' dgan bihfia i060 najin'-biamani Lqti-gikidabi akA.
with sud- they say. For some time he blew him withsud- he stood theysay asqti-gikidabi the.
den force den force
3 Atan'-qti tan'de aata" otictcwan t'dwiA tA mike, A-biamA Mactcin'ge-i"'
Whenever ground I tread soever I kill thee will I who, said, they say Rabbit
akA IRgioe jAqti-gfkidAbi akA uj4da amA. Mactcif'ge-i"' akA tan'de k6
the. It came to laqti.gikidabi the was weary they say. Rabbit the ground the
Ata"-biama. Ki man'd6 kg gifza-biama. Ki LAqti-gikid4bi kida-biama.
trod on they say. And bow the took his they say. And iaqti-gikidabi he shot they say.
6 Ki ictd-qti 0an 'u-biama. Ki LAqti-gikidAbi t'4 amA. Ki 0ama ta"'-
And eye very the he wounded him, And laqti-gikidabi was dead, they And these na-
they say. say.
wainga"' amA gfg-qti-an'-biamA. Ki Mactcin'ge-i"' ama aggA-biami.
tions the rejoiced very they say. And Rabbit the (my,) went homeward,
Akf-bi i'ji ila"' ak ededi akAma. )an"h, jAqti-gikidabi t'&dag hi,
Reached when his grand- the there she was, Grandmother, inqti-gikidabi I killed
home, they say mother they say. him
9 A-biamA. IctA pdji-qtci! ce t'06 fimakA-qtci-baji, A-biamA iba" akA.
said they say. Eye bad very! that to kill easy very not, said they say his grand- the.
he she mother
Ia"nlh, t'fae-ga" che ha, a-biamAt Mactcin'ge-i' akA.
Grand- I killed him so I say that said, they say Rabbit the.
This is but a fragment of the original myth, being all that Frank remembered.
He said that more followed the killing of the giant; and Mr. Sanssouci related a part
that precedes what is given here.
23, 3. dadegani-gA, contr. from dade ega"i-gd. So ab egan, from a-bi ega";
dada-b egan, from dada-bi egan; apa-b ega", and piza-b ega", in this myth.
23, 11. apnac'aje, equal to ie t6 anonajuaji (in the 9th myth).
There was (a giant called) laqti-gikidabi (He-for-whom-they-shoot-Deer). No mat-
ter what animals they killed, they always gave them to him, being afraid of him (that
is, afraid not to give him the game). And when snow was lying (on the ground), they
went to dislodge the game from their coverts. And the Rabbit too went thither. And
when he thought "At last they will be apt to kill him (jaqti-gikidabi)!" ;Laqti-gikidabi
went thither. And the Rabbit heard the sounds of shooting; so he went thither. It
came to pass that two men had shot and killed a deer; and were standing without
cutting it up. "Friends, do cut it up. Why do you stand?" Having said this, he
commenced very quickly to cut it up. "Friend, it is so, but we are afraid on account
of jaqti-gikidabi." "For shame!" said the Rabbit. "Do you fear Ljaqti-gikidabi
because he is immortal? Cut it up. You can carry it on your backs," said he. And
having cut it up, they made packs for themselves. Just when they had finished it,
HOW THE RABBIT WENT TO THE SUN.
Laqti-gikidabi came. And he carried four deer in his belt. He walked, having a very
large oak tree for a bow. "Are ye not truly afraid of me when ye see me? Which
kind of persons are ye?" (said the giant). "That one, the Rabbit, commanded us to
cut it up, and so we cut it up," said the two. "Why do ye take it before me, and that
without hesitation?" said he. "You very bad Rabbit! You very bad big-eyes! You
very bad forked-mouth!" "What great (man) are you (that you talk so? or, what is
the great trouble that affects you, that you talk thus) "Stand still, else I will press
you down in the blood" (said jaqti-gikidabi); "Shame on you! Press me down in the
blood. Hurry, hurry! I say, you 1aqti-gikidabi!" Rushing on him, laqti-gikidabi
pressed him down in the blood The Rabbit arose with the blood streaming from him
in all directions. (The Rabbit) having said, "Shame on you!" lgaqti-gikidabi attached
him again. "These fear you, so they do not attack you! I do not fear you, so I will
attack you" (said the Rabbit). "Stand ye still, lest I blow you up into the sky" (said
the giant). "Blow me up into the sky! Hurry, O jaqti-gikidabi!" Having seized the
Rabbit, he blew him up into the sky with sudden force. He was coming down (hither,
to earth) with his legs kicking out repeatedly. And when he (the Rabbit) had come
back very near (to earth), he (the giant) blew him up again with sudden force. And
so Laqti-gikidabi stood for some time, blowing him up into the sky again and again with
sudden force. Whensoever I tread on the ground again I will kill you," said the
Rabbit. It came to pass that jaqti-gikidabi was weary. The Rabbit trod on the
ground. And he took his bow. And he shot at jLaqti-gikidabi. And he wounded him
right in the eye. And Laqti-gikidabi was dead. And these nations rejoiced very
And the Rabbit went homeward. When he arrived at home, his grandmother
was there. Said he, "O grandmothlert I have killed gaqti-gikidabi." "You very bad
eyes! It is not at all easy.to 1~ll'lhatpi d," o fii his grandmother. "Grandmother, I
say that because I hv'W i1 h]im'," siid'the Abbit;..
=*', **'* '**. .** .
.. :*. *..*
.."*:*:.,. .::. :-. :. :: -..:
:'...'OW TIFE *AiB'ITI'I WEINT TO THE SUN.
"OBTAINED FROM NUDAn'-AXA.
Pahafi'ga t'di a4A-biamA Mactciin'ge ama. y)a"h, mAca" uA[ine
Before when went they say Rabbit the (my.). Grandmother, feathers I bunt for
bd ta mike, a-biama. I~iatc' fciatc'd+! macan AwakO'di Amaki-qtci
I go will I who said, they say. (Fern. inj. of wonder, &c.) feathers in what place easy very
i ,a$, tadan'+, a-biamn Gan agA-biama, tan'de aoiti-qtci snao'snan-qtci 3
you find will said they say. And he went they say ground going by very level very
she a near way
ga" xag4 agA-biamd. Nigi-hau+!! ndgi-hau+!! d-hnan aoA-biami. Unai
so crying he went they say. Mother's brother 0!l mother's brother 0 say- only he went they say Seeking
ama QioA am'a e ma"'xe ibisande atA-qti gawin'xe amnma. Ma"i"n'-
the ones Eagle the (pl.) that sky pressing far very were flying round and round, They walked
who against (beyond) they say.
26 THE Q(EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
biamA akiwa ca" 5i-dab|uwinxe ga" mani(i'-biamnl. (damA an'(ize tA
they say both and turning themselves so they walked they say. These me-take will
amA, A-biamA. Hitan-hna"'-biamA Qifa ama: T-t-t-t-t, 6-hna"-biama. ]gi(e
the (pl.) said they say Crying they say Eage the (pl.) said only they say. It came
he they to pass
3 Ama amA idnaxife a-i-biama pahAciala. Ga" AizA-biama. Ga" a ui"' agpai'
other the to attack was they say up above. And took they say. And having went
one (my.) him coming him him homeward.
tM. Ga" api"' aki-biama. Man'xe k6 pahAciala agin' aki-biamA. Egipe
And having they reached home, Sky the up above having they reached home, It came
him they say. (horizontal) him they say. to pass.
ji. ededi td ama IndAdi wanAgee Adan inahin ai"n' gfi ha, A-biamA (Qi(A-
lodge it was there they say. My father domestic ani- good truly having has come said they say (Eagle
mal him home he
6 jinga aka). Ga", Jin"dha, qta"'ni6 tcAbe, a-biamA Qiijifnga akA. Ga"'-
little the). And, 0 elder brother, we love thee very much, said, they say Eaglet the. I (mv.)-
aiI"hd-hna" (a"'ja Obe qta"'1( tc6, A-biama (Mactcin'ge akA.). Ga" man 'goe
for some only though who love me will, said they say (Rabbit the). And erect
jd-musnade ga" g#in'-(biamA). E qta4ai Qiiajinga ama, 1idan-qti-hnan/-
on his hind legs thus sat (they say). That they loved Eaglets the (pl.) good very only
9 biama. Ga" gA-biamA: E awateta" (ati, A-biamA (Qipajinga aka). Ca"' gan'
they say. And said as follows: That whence (?) have you said they say (Eaglet the). For no special
they say: come he reason
tan'de Ai4a manbi"n'-de (iadi gan a2'izai, A-biama. Gan, (PiAdi an'ba ata"'
ground across by I walked when your thus took me, said they say. And, Your day what
a near way father he father time
te'di geif-hnai A, A-biama (Mactcin'ge aka). I"dAdi amA mi" Apa'ab6'-qti
at has come habitu- ? said they say (Rabbit the). My father the sun going slanting very
back ally he .* .., (mv.)
12 hi t'di 6'di ag(f-hna"i, maqpil. jiW'i. i& ia. ~ Bia.qtc6'-qtci editan ni
arrives when then has come habitu- "
there back ally '.* .
wi`-0a,' -qtci uqpaAe.-hN an" 6gan.,.t'di .agf.fhnani, -'bi'am Egige
one at a time very EWl4g so 1, tSvbf, .1uisTmne habitu- saidmt y.say. It came
..* : ,bc-i i ly he to pass
ga-biama: Jiu6dha, Awatiga" pi cd egija", a-biama. A"'han,'-'biamA, e
said as follows, 0 older brother, of what sort when that you do that said, they say. Yes, said, they say, this
15 ancta"'bai t6 da (t a in"' an'kigpasan'dai, A-biama. Jin"dha, dga" wAxai-gA,
me ye see the head the stone they lit me between said they say. 0 elder so treat us,
(two stones) he brother,
A-biami (Qi ajinga aka).
said, they say (Eaglet the).
will, said they say.
Wan'gipe ce pagpi"' te, a-biama.
All that you sit will, said they say.
Gan" gan waxA-biama.
And so he treated they say.
18 isai'ga ifink ci 4gan
his younger the again so
he killed they say.
So we sit
Win' (ink tta,"1in gaqfxe p(pa-biamn ;
One the him first he crushed sent they say;
by hitting forcibly
Ga" mica" w4AionudA-biama. Ki
And feathers ho pulled them they say. And
u(fqpa(p (4a-biamA tan'de k6'qa.
making fall by he sent they say ground to the.
Ga" mAcan te ka"tan-biaman .
And feathers the he tied they say.
u( a etigan ama: i(Adi amA agi AtiAg a-biamA. Ega" (isaf'ga mdga" c6-
theytold it was as (?): his father the was com- suddenly they say. So your younger likewise that
him (my.) ing back brother
HOW THE RABBIT WENT TO THE SUN.
kB- 4izAi-ga ha, a-biama.
the take ye said they say.
(lg. ob.) he
3[ gaqfx6-qti (d6a-biamA.
when crushing very he sent they say.
him in forcibly
We's'a kU amdga" a4i"' aki-bi [i ubdha"-biama
Snake the them-like (?) having it reached when he pushed they say
(1g. oh.) home, his wayin
Ga"' amA ihan' amA ugAhanadaze uhan'ge k0
After a while his the (my.) darkness (first) end the
dkita"hA-qtci agi AtiAgga-biama. (Pisan'ga megan ce6ke izai-A, a-1
at the same very was corn- suddenly they say. Your younger likewise that (1g. ob.) take ye, said
time ing back brother she
Ci 6gan we's'a win aiu"' aki-biama. Ga" gaqvf-biami ci iha"'
Again so snake one having it reached home, And he killed her, they say again his
they say. mother
Ga" macan ci (ionide gi"n'-biama, ka"'tan gin"'-biama, ki gan'ki
And feathers again pulling out of he sat they say, tying he sat they say, and also
gi"U'-biama. Maca" 'iu-bi ega"' a#A-biama. Ga" xag6 a@6 ar
he sat they say. Feathers he carried having he went they say. And crying hewas going,
nm a. 6
Egioe 4i wi" ededi te amA. E'di ahi-biamA Gan xag6 naji"' tan amA.
It came lodge one there it was, they say. There he arrived, they say. And crying he was standing they
to pass say.
Wa'i aka ugas'i" ama; 6gioe iba"n akAma. Ga"' akama, M+! A-biamA.
Woman the peeped they say; it came his grand- was, they Aflor standing awhile, M+! said she, they
to pass mother say. say.
Eata"-qtci ma"hnin' a, A-biama. Gan, Macan un [ine ahigia fi ki gan'ki 9
Why very you walk ? said they say. And, Feathers I seek for I made many for and also
she myself myself
age6 tatd akiqib4a Adan axAge-hna"'-ma"', A-biamA. M+! A-biamA wa'a
I go shall I hesitate, fear- therefore I have been doing nothing said they say. M+! said they say woman
homeward ing failure but cry, he she
akA. Niaci"ga wi" juawag.e-de pibaji. Uq#6
the. Person one I with them but bad. Quickly you go will. Hasten thou
a-biama. jejin'hinde 6eanska-qtci nggi"'-biamA Mactcin'ge akA. Mgcan tedi 12
said they say. Woven yarn that size very sat in it they say Rabbit the. Feathers to the
ka"'ta"-biama. (e agd te an'ja *aki ta'di bade i"ni"'waUji te, A-biamA.
he tied it they say. This you go will though you reach when red-oak put in it for me said she, they
homeward home acorn please, say.
Tan'de k6 ,atan 3i hnip'ande t6, A-biamA. Gan #icta"' geia-biam A.
Ground the you tread when shake it by pull- will said they say. And letting him sent him back sud-
on ing she go denly, they say.
Aki-biamA c ftewaI-biamA Mactcin'ge am. (Pa'6waaf inki iqta- 15
He reached home, when he was hateful they say Rabbit the (my.). She pitied him the one he abused
they say, who her
biamA, rijiha ujA-biami. Gan'ki pip'an'da-biami gan'ki goizai te. Ki
they say, bag he dunged in, they And he shook it they say, and she took her own. And
ga" m acan gi'i"'-bi egan' ag? d-biami. Gan'ki akl-biamA. -a"h ,' ag
thus feathers carrying his having lie went homeward, And lie reached home, Grandmother, I have
own, they say they say. they say. come home
hau, a-biamd. (aqaba-biama: Ifiatc' Ifiate'6+! a-biamnA. M aca" to, Na"ha, 18
said they say. She spoke in they say: said they say. Feathers the grand-
he wonder she mother
a'in' ag~f, a-biami. Ki gA-biamA: (indgi ahigi-qti man gaxewaki(A-A hA,
I car- I have said they say. And she said as fol- Your moth- many very arrow cause them to make
ried come he lows, they say: or's brothers
A-biama. Egige ga-biama, ja" ha, eita" adan, a-biamA.
said they say. It came lie said as fol- Grandmother, where- ? said they.say.
she to pass lows, they say: fore he
And she said as fol-
lows, they say:
28 THE 4EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
cJah wi"' edi akA nikacinga ~d ca" ihe qi" (alnlni-hna"'i, A-biama. Ga,
Hill one there the person going and passing the draws into habitu- said they say. And
by (my.) its mouth ally she
GA a"n'be tA mifike, A-biama. fIiate' foiatc'e+! cka"'aji gi"'-a hU, A-biamn i.
That I see will I who, said they say. still sit thou said they say.
(unseen) he she
3 Af'kaji, ca" ia"'be tA mike, a-biamA. Uff'ag6-qti ca"' dan'be agA-biamn .
Not so, at any I see it will I who, said they say. She unwill- very still to see it he they say.
rate he ing went
EgiL e 6'di ahf-biamA. 6 jahd-wafahuni hni"', 6df hninki ama, a-biami.
It came there he arrived, they his Hill that devours you are, there you who they say, he they say.
to pass say. said
A"nahini-ga, a-biama. -IAci-qti $ga" #asnin'i-biamA. Egife [ihA a-f akrma.
Draw me into your said they say. A long very so he was they say. It came down he was coming,
mouth he while swallowed to pass they say.
6 Egife niaci"ga wAoasni" itan'iadi wahi q ga-qti, gan'ki jaji 6aaskAb6
It came person he swallowed formerly bone dried very, and flesh sticking to
to pass them
niAsage-mA, ki i'tca"-qtci t'e-ma ctl, t'e tW'di afin' ahf, df fan-hna"' nf4a
dried hard them- and lately very dead, them- too, dead unto having reached liver the only alive
who who (it)
gAxe jan'-biam4. Gai'ki tnija was6da" am4 ahi-biamA Mactcin'ge-i"' ami.
made lay they say. And alive (and) active ones he reached, they Rabbit the.
9 OC-ci-cf-ci! (fma djuba, A-biama Mactein'ge-in' akA. cahb -waf huni
Ci-cic-ci-ci these few, said they say Rabbit the. Hill that devours
i6-nande waci"'-qti u'4'8-qti g"i"'-biamA.
buf- heart fat very dangling very it sat they say.
A-biamA. MAqa"-biam4, ;d-nande mncpacpA-biami.
said they say. 'He cut it off, they say, buf- heart he cut into many they say.
he falo pieces
TUng'! gAge hnAte tai-dde,
Why! those you should have eaten
jah6 kI bpaz/ae
Hill the it split open
12 amA. qe nikaci"ga amA was6 a"n ama dah6 ko boazA4e 4kita" wasisigA-
they say. This person the quick the hill the split open at the active
(pL) (pL) same time
biamA. Ki gA-biamA: Mactcin'ge tan'wanifn'ga" tai, 4-biamA. Nfawaoaf,
they say. And they said as fol- Rabbit we make a nation for will, said they say. He made us live
lows, they say: him they
A-biamdn Ki, If uginai-ga, Agudi (at di"te, A-biama. Mangci"'i-ga,
said they say. And, Lodge seek ye your own, where you have may said they say. Begone ye,
they come hither he
15 4-biamA (Mactcin'ge-i"' akA). Ga" n gan-biamA. Ga" aggA-biamA Mact-
said they say (Rabbit the). And so it they say. And he went homeward, Rab-
he was they say
cin'ge amA. xanhA, cakf, a-biamA. 1tiatc' igiatc'd+! A-biamA.
bit the (my.). Grandmother, I come said they say. said they say.
backtoyou, he she
jahd-waiAhuni uhnA kefa"'
Hill that devours you told in the past
said they say.
M+! c6 tc'4ea
M+! that to kill it
18 akama-oa"'. EAtca"-qtei tc'dwa Ac6 tc6i"te, A-biamA. T na'! Na"ha, t'6ae,
he was in the past. How very you kill them may be, said they say. Why! grand- I killed
she mother him
a-biama. Nikaci"ga edi-hna" edf-ma Mactcin'ge ta"'wanifn'gan taf, ai
said they say. Person there only there, those who Rabbit let us make a nation for him, they
Mde ubif'age. 1i ugine waagaji, A-biama.
but I was unwill- Lodge to hunt I told them, said they say.
ing his own he
HOW THE RABBIT WENT TO THE SUN.
25, 2. iqiatc ifiatc'e+, an interjection used by females, denoting surprise. L. Sans-
souci gives i iat'e+. The corresponding man's word is qa-i-na. L. Sanssouci makes
ifiate' ifiatc'e+, equal to the joiwere hinfiqciie, or hiniqciiie, but the latter appears to
the collector to be nothing but a variation of hindqciie or inaqciiie, "an old woman"
(in ,ciwere). Tada'+, is equal to tada" (used by males).
25, 4. negi-hau+ equals negiha. The last syllable shows that the voice was raised
to call a distant person. Sanssouci says the Rabbit crossed level prairies, and called
on the ground." Immediately after that he said "negi-hau+, refers to the Eagle." But
that is inconsistent with the kinship system; for the Eaglets called the Rabbit "elder
brother." Hence the Eagle must have been the Rabbit's father, and the female Eagle
his "mother." Perhaps this myth originated among a people who called a "mother's
brother's" sons, brothers."
25, 5. ma"xe - gawi'xe amama. To the eye of the Rabbit, the Eagles were
pressing very close to the sky, which, was supposed to be a horizontal solid, and the
roof of this lower world.
26, 5. 4i ededi te ama. This lodge was said to be in the Sun.
26, 7. maiigee, etc. The Rabbit sat erect (maigge) on his.haunches with his
legs thrust out towards the Eaglets, who were looking at him. Je-musnade differs
26, 9. awatita", was given; but it was probably intended for awatO-jata".
26, 12. maqpi - agfi-hna"i. "It is his custom to come home when water is fall-
ing drop by drop from small clouds of different sizes (?)"
26, 14. What follows is not expressed very clearly. It is probable that part of
the conversation was omitted in what was given by Nudae-axa.
27, 1. Sanssouci gives instead of wss'a - aki-bi NI, two expressions: wes'a k6dega"
a i"' aki-biama (equal to the Ioiwere wakan' iya"~ anyi iri, anye kW), and ws's'a am6gan
k6de ain" aki-biama (equal to the loiwere waka"' 6nahb-9k6 iya"' anyi iri, anye k6).
If Sanssouci be right, the former phrase is "they say that he has come back with a
snake"; and the latter "one of the class of snakes he brought home, they say."
27, 12. eea"ska-qtci, that is, about the size of a hat.
27, 14. hnip'ande, you shake the rope or cord by which I let you down.
27, 15. aki-biama qi it'afewafa-biama. "Ki" here denotes that the subject had
returned to his native place, the earth as distinguished from the upper world, whence he
had been lowered by the old woman. He did not reach his home till he had gone some
27, 19. finegi ahigi-qti ma", etc. Your mother's brothers, men.
28, 5. egife 3liha a-i akama. Sanssouci reads, ahi akama, he was going or arriving
28, 8. inila wasea"n ame. Sanssouci gives three joiwere equivalents for this:
"those who were yet a little strong;" "those who stirred a little;" and "those who, as
they say, stirred, or were alive, with a little strength."
28, 18. eata"-qtci tc'ewaf4a6 tcei"te, a corruption of eata"-qti t'ewafaa6 tei"te.
Such corruptions are frequently used by old women and children.
30 THE (QEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
In the former time the Rabbit departed. Grandmother, I will go to hunt feathers
for myself," said he. "Iiatc' i iatc'e+!" said she, "in what place (do you think) you
will find feathers very easily?" And he went. Going across the ground by a very
near way, on very level prairie, he went crying: "0 - -mother's brother! 0 -
mother's brother!" he continued saying as he went. Those whom he sought, the
Eagles, were flying round and round, pressing very closely against the (top of) the
sky. Both went along, and they turned themselves around as they went. "These
(moving ones) will take me," he said. The Eagles were crying and saying "T-t-t-t-t."
It came to pass the other one was coming (this way, to earth) from above to attack
him (or, dash on him). And he seized him. And he carried him homeward. And he
reached home with him. He took him home to the sky up above. And there was a
lodge. "My father has brought home a very good animal as prey" (said the Eaglet).
And the Eaglet said, 0 elder brother (Rabbit) we two love you very much." "Though
for some time I have been doing nothing but move, who will love me?" said (the
Rabbit). And he sat erect on his hind legs. The Eaglets loved that; it alone was
very good. And he (the Eaglet) said as follows: "Whence have you come?"
"When I was just walking across the ground by a near way, your father seized me,"
said he (the Rabbit). And he said, "At what time of the day does your father usually
get home?" "My father," said he, "is accustomed to come home when it is very late
in the afternoon, and when water is falling one drop at a time from small round clouds
of different sizes." It came to pass that he (the Eaglet) said as follows: "O elder
brother, of what sort is it when you do that?" "Yes," said he (the Rabbit) "thus,
as you see me, they strike my head with one stone, when it is resting on another." "O
elder brother, treat us so," he said (the Eaglet). "You all shall sit in that place," said
he (the Rabbit). "So let us sit," said he (the Eaglet). And so he treated them. The
one he crushed with a violent blow, and he killed his younger brother with a blow in
like manner. And he pulled out the feathers. And he made them (the Eaglets) fall
violently to the ground. And he tied up the feathers. And that which they told him
was apt to be the case (did occur): the father came back suddenly. "Do you and
your younger brother take that," he said. When he had reached home with a snake,
and pushed his way into (the lodge) he (the Rabbit) crushed him with a violent blow.
After a while, precisely at the beginning of darkness, the mother came home suddenly.
"Do you and your younger brother take that," she said. Again in like manner she
had brought home a snake. And again he killed the mother with a blow. And again
he sat pulling out the feathers, he sat tying them up. And he also sat crying. He
departed, carrying the feathers on his back. And he was going along crying. At
length there was a lodge. He arrived there. And he was standing crying. The
woman peeped at him. Behold, she was his grandmother. After she stood a while
she said "M+! on what very important business are you traveling?" And he said,
"I sought feathers for myself, and have many. And moreover, I hesitate about start-
ing homeward, fearing failure; therefore I have been doing nothing but cry. "M+!"
said the woman, "I am with a person, but he is bad. You must go quickly to your
home. Hasten," she said. The Rabbit sat in a bag of woven yarn the size of a hat.
He tied the feathers to it. "Though you will go homeward this time, when you
reach home, put a red-oak acorn in (the bag) for me," said she. "When you tread the
HOW THE RABBIT WENT TO THE SUN.
ground, you must give it (the rope) a slight pull," she said. And letting him go, she
sent him back suddenly (to the earth, his home). When he reached home (the earth),
the Rabbit was hateful. He abused the one who pitied him, he dunged in the bag.
And pulling (the rope), he shook it a little, and she took her own. And so he went
homeward carrying the feathers on his back. And he reached home. "O grand-
mother, I have come home---!" he said (raising his voice). She spoke in wonder.
She said, "Iiato' ipiatfe+!" "Grandmother," said he, "I have brought home the
feathers on my back." And she said as follows: "Cause your mother's brothers to
make very many arrows." And then he said as follows: "Grandmother, for what
reason?" And she said as follows: "There is a hill that is accustomed to draw
into its mouth the person going and passing that way." And he said, "I will see
that." "Ifiatc' ifiatc'e+!" said she, "sit still." "No, I will see it at any rate," said
he. (Though) she was very unwilling, still he went to see it. At length he arrived
there. "You are this hill that draws into its mouth. They said that you were there.
Draw me into your mouth," said he. He was swallowed for a very long time. At length
he got down (to the bottom). And it.happened that (there were) the very dry bones
of the persons whom it had swallowed formerly, and those who had the flesh dried
hard and sticking (to the bones), and those, too, very lately dead, brought unto the
dead, lay with the liver alone made alive. And the Rabbit reached those who were
alive and quick. "Ci-ci-ci-ci! these are few," said the Rabbit. The fat on the heart of
jahe-wafahuni was dangling very much. "Why! you should have eaten that," said he.
He cut it off with a knife, he cut the heart into pieces with a knife. The hill split
open of its own accord. And these men who were quick (alive, stirring) became active
at the very time that the hill split open of its own accord. And they said as follows:
"Let us put the Rabbit at the head of the nation." He saved us," said they. And
he said, "Seek ye your own lodges, from whatsoever places ye may have come hither."
"Begone ye," said he (the Rabbit). And so it was. And the Rabbit went homeward.
"0 grandmother, I have come back to you," he said. "IJiatc i4iatc'e+!" said she.
"O grandmother," said he, "I have killed the hill that draws them into its mouth,
of which you told in the past." "M+! It was said that it were good to kill that one.
How could you have been his slayer?" said she. "Why! grandmother, I have killed
him," said he. "Of the persons that were there, there were those who said, Let us
make the Rabbit the head of the nation,' but I was unwilling. I commanded them to
seek their own lodges," he said.
32 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE DEVOURING HILL.
OBTAINED FROM J. LAFLCHIIE.
dAhe-wAiahuni win edi kd amA.
Hill that devours one there he was lying,
biamA. cAhe win" di kide pfiji. E
they say. Hill one there it lies, bad. B
giwe e'di ond t
ware there you go w
3 a-biama Ki, an"ha, etan" Ada", A-biama.. Nfac
said they say. And, Grandmother, where- I (in said they say. Per
she fore word) he
(an'di wA4ahini-hnan'i hi, A-biam&. Ki Mactcifi
when (in it drew them habitually said they say. And Rabbit
the past) into its mouth, she
Mdan. E'di b6d te-na, eqdga"-biamA. Ga" 6'di a
I (in There I go will (in he thought, they say. And there h
6 6'di ahi-bi Ipi j4he-w6aahuni akA ibaha"'-biama.
there reached, when Hill that devours the ha knew they say.
they say (sub.) him
hi q[i, (ahe-waahuni, a "'ahuni-gA, a-biamA M
reach- when, Hill that devours, draw me into your said they say
ed mouth, he
e aka ia" akA jugigig-
the his grand- the he with his
;e h6; O'di onaji te ho,
ill there you go will
i"nga ami 6'di hi-hna"
son the (my.) there arrived only
(as a rule)
'ge amA, Hinda! eata"
the (mv.) Letme see! where-
e went, they say. Rabbit
Ibaha"-bi ega"' 6'di
He knew him, having there
wASahuni waonahuni-hna"' ama, an"'iahini-gA. KI cAhe-wiaahuni akA
that devours them you draw habitn- they say, draw me into your And Hill that devours the
into your mouth ally mouth.
9 Mactcin'ge iba-han'-bi ega"' 0ahuni-bajf-biamA. Egioe nikacinga h6ga-
Rabbit he knew him they, having drew him not they say. It came to person by no
say into its mouth pass
ctewanji A-iAmama gaq an'. Egioe 6'di ahi-biamA. Ki dahe-wa, ahuni
means a few they were coming, a hunting It came to there they arrived And Hill that devours
they say party. pass they say.
aka iahixA-biami, ki nfacinga amA upA-biama dAhe f to. Ki Mactcifi'ge
the opened its mouth, and person the (pl.) entered they say hill mouth the. And Rabbit
12 akA 6 cti upA-biama. Egihe AiAa-biamA Mactcifi'ge cd he-waiahuni nixa
the he too entered, they say. Onward he had gone, they Rabbit. Hill that devours stomach
ma"'tala hi [i nan'de4sabajf-biami dahe-wAtahuni akA.
inside arrived when heart not good by they say Hill that devours the.
cghe-wiathuni aka ifgEeb-biamA. Ci gaqpa"' d'dba A-iAmama. Gaqtan'
Hill that evours the it vomited they say. Again hunting party some they were approach- Hunting
him up ing, they say. party
15 6'di ahi-bi [i ci dc he-waoahuni akA ioixA-biama. Ci nfaci"ga upa-biama
there arrived, when again Hill that devours the opened its they say. Again person entered, they say
they say month
i to. KI Mactcin'ge ama ci upA-biami. Edihi j6he-waiahuni wd4geba-
mouth the. And Rabbit the again entered; they say. At that Hill that devours vomited them
(my.) time up
HOW THE RABBIT KILLED THE DEVOURING HILL.
bAji ama. tgie nikaci'ga pahan'ga hi-mA t'e-ma wahi kU san kU amA,
not they say. Behold person before arrived, the dead, the bone the (1g. dis- theywere ly-
ones who ones who line) tant ing, they say,
qi"q u4Ahaha-ma 3aci-jin'ga t'e-ma cti ju u~As'i"-ma, ci n"'tcan-qtci t'e-mi
tissue adhering to the a great little dead, the too flesh adhering the again now very dead, the
each one ones while ones who with it ones ones who
who ago who
cti, ki nin'a-mA cti.
too and alive, the ones too.
1Lenan'de gAge waci"'-q
Buffalo heart those (un- fat ve
Mactcin'ge akA gA-biama: EAta" hnAta-bajii A. 3
Rabbit the said as follows, Why you eat not I
[ti onAt etai-dde; wfebi" n V boAte te, A-biama.
cry you eat shall but; I am he if I eat it will said they say.
Ki mAhin goiza-biamd Mactcin'ge aka. MAhin gl iza-bi i qe-nan'de mAqa"-
And knife he took his own, they Rabbit the. Knife he took his when buf- heart he cut with
say own, they say, falo a knife
biama. Ki Abhe-w6ahluni amA, Ha"! ha"! ha"! &-hnan-biamA. Ki Mactein'ge 6
they say. And Hill that devours the, Ha" ha"l ha"! he said it they say. And Rabbit
akA, Ha"! ha! han! A-ji-ga ha, A-biamA.
the Ha'! ha= 1 hau say not said they say.
And buffalo heart
updwi"waoai Mactcin'ge akA. jAhe k6 boazdaa-biamA.
he collected them Rabbit the. Hill the split of its own accord,
waci"' g6 edAbe
fat the (scat- also
qti gacibe agoA-biam&. Ag -A-biama [i niaci"ga b6iga udwifni:3iA-biamA. 9
very out of it went homeward, Went homeward, when person all assembled themselves, they
they say. they say say.
Mactcin'ge nikagahi angAxe tai, a-biamd. Gafi'ki gA-biamA: Mactcin'ge
Rabbit chief we make will, said they say. And he said as follows, Rabbit
they they say:
nikagahi ckaxe taf A-bi 4Aa.
chief you make will he says, indeed.
walgta" (atf dinte mafigcin'i-ga.
from you have it may begone ye.
Wf nikagahi kan"ba A6inhdinte.
I chief I wish I who move,
Wi cti wi[an' waci"'
I too my grand- fat
ifigdgan aaga ati. 12
had none, as Iformy Ihave
Ga" agn A-biamA Mactcin'ge amA waci" 'in'-bi ega"'. 'I"' aki-bi ega"'
And went homeward, Rabbit the (my.) fat carried, they having. Car- he reached having
they say say trying home, they say
Aciaja itdoa-biamA. Xa"ha, cjhe-waiahuni t'daO 6aa, A-biamA. Hin+!
outside he put it, they say. 0 grandmother Hill that devours I have indeed, said, they say. Oh!
si-jan'ga peji'-qtci! i-cpAcpa peji'-qtci! cd t'~ti uda" aka-cnan"-a"' t'dwaa6 te, 15
foot big bad very! mouth, pieces bad very that to kill good the one only in the you have been his
out of one past slayer,
A-biama. xa"hA, t'daodga" cehe ha. Guida tB dan"b-ga hI, A-biama.
said they say. Grandmother, Ikilledhim, as I said that Beyond the see thou said they say.
she (farther off) (pile) he
Wa'ujinga akA Aci ahi-bi ega"', Hin+! jucpaa"n+! win'ke tedd, a-biama.
Old woman the out of arrived, having, Oh! my grandchild told the truth did-but, said they say.
doors they say she
Wacin' t6 (iza-biama. 18
Fat the she took they say.
34 IHE )EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
See the preceding myth: How the Rabbit went to the Sun; also, J. La Flbche's
Oto version of this myth, to appear hereafter in "The joiwere Language, Part I."
32, 2. k6de, contraction from kB, dde.
32, 9. hegactewanji, pronounced he+gactewaji.
33, 2. qinq contraction from qi'q6, dried flesh or meat next the bone. (For the
speech of the men and the Rabbit's reply, see the Oto version.)
33, 11. mactciige - abi daa, the words of the crier going through the camp,
quoted by the Rabbit. kanlb a ai"h6i"te (i. e., ka"bWa aPi"he ei"te) is not in the
form of a question, though it implies one, according to Sanssouci.
33, 12. mafigi"' i-ga, begone ye! "Go to your respective homes," is meant, but it is
33, 12. dagef ati, I have come for my own property. The Rabbit talks as if he
had a prior claim to the hill's heart, etc.
33, 14. The words of the old woman are not to be taken literally. She was proud
of what the Rabbit had done, and was praising him. Even if he was deformed, he
had done what should have been done long ago by others.
33, 17. wiftke ted6, feminine of win'ke tede, contraction from wif'ke t6, 6de, he did
tell the truth but," an elliptical expression, which would be in full, wii'ke t6 6dehna"
ew6ja fan'cti, he told the truth, but I did nothing but doubt him at the first.
There was a Hill that drew (people) into its mouth. And the Rabbit was with his
grandmother. "A Hill is there, but it is bad. Beware lest you go thither. Go not
thither," said she. And he said, "Grandmother, wherefore ?" She said, "Whenever
people go thither, it draws them into its mouth." And the Rabbit thought, "Let me
see! Why is this? I will go thither." And he went thither. When the Rabbit
arrived there, the Hill knew him. As he knew him when he arrived there, the Rabbit
said, "dahe-wafahuni, draw me into your mouth. dahe-wapahnni, you who, as they
say, are used to devouring, devour me." And aahe-waFahuni knew the Rabbit, so he
did not devour him. And it came to pass that a great many people belonging to a
hunting party were coming to that place. And they arrived there. And dahe-wafa-
huni opened his mouth, and the people entered the mouth of the Hill. And the Rabbit
entered too. The Rabbit pressed onward. And when he reached the stomach of the
Hill within, aahe-wafahuni was not pleased by it. And lahe-wafahuni vomited up
the Rabbit. Again some members of a hunting-party were approaching. When the
party reached there, dahe-wafahuni opened his mouth again, and the people entered
the mouth. And the Rabbit entered again (as a man, this time). And then dahe-
waqahuni did not vomit him up. And there were lying in the distance the whitened
bones of the people who had entered first and had died, the dried flesh next to the
bones adhering to them; also those who had been dead but a little while, with the
flesh (on the bones); and those, too, who had just died, and the living ones too.
And the Rabbit said as follows: "Why do you not eat? You should have eaten that
very fat heart. Were I (in your place), I would eat it," he said. And the Rabbit
seized his knife. When he seized his knife, he cut the heart. And dahe-wanahuni
HOW THE RABBIT CURED HIS WOUND. 35
said, "Han! han! ha"!" And the Rabbit said, "Do not say 'Han han! ha!'" And
the Rabbit gathered together the heart and the scattered pieces of fat. And the
Hill split open of its own accord. All the people went out again. When they went
homeward all the people assembled themselves. Said they, "Let us make the Rabbit
chief." And he said as follows: "It is said 'You shall make the Rabbit chief.' As if
I, for my part, had been desiring to be chief!! (Or, Have I been behaving as if I
wished to be chief?) From whatever places ye may have come, begone ye (to them).
I too have come hither to get some of the fat belonging to me, as my grandmother
had none." And the Rabbit went homeward, carrying the fat on his back. Having
brought it home on his back, he put it outside. "0 grandmother! I have killed
iahe-wafahuni," he said. "Oh! You very bad big-foot! you very bad split-mouth!
Have you killed him who only should have been killed in the past?" "Grandmother,
I say that because I have killed him. See the pile farther away," he said. The old
woman having gone out of doors, said, "Oh! my grandchild told (nothing but) the
truth (though I did doubt him at first)." And she took the (pile of) fat (meat).
HOW THE RABBIT CURED HIS WOUND.
OBTAINED FROM NUDAu'-AXA.
Mactcif'ge akA i[a"n ink jugig&e gfi"' akAma. Ki ugacan ahf-
Rabbit the (sub.) is the (ob.) he with was sitting, they say. And traveling he
grandmother his own arrived
biamA. Q6ki w4dixuxuii ca"'qti gan' AkicugA-qti ja"'-hna" egan amA
they. say. Under prickly-ash just as it happened very dense lay only thus they
the bluffs (habitually) say
(utcije 6 wakai). Ga" niacinga sigaif k'di si ke snedeAqti-hnan'i k6, 3
thicket that he meant. And person trail () at the foot the long very habit- the
(1g. ob.) ually was (Ig. ob.)
A-biama. Egife 6gasAni [i, an"hA, walan"be bgo tA mike, a-biama.
said they say. It came. the follow- when Grand- I see I go will I who said they say.
he to pass ing day mother he
Egie ha"'egan'tce a6A-biamA. A#A-biamA& 3i gi& e agi AtiAgga-
It came in the morning he went, they say. He went, they say when it came they were suddenly
to pass to pass returning
biama. (j niacinga gAhieeami ama, eqga"-biamA. Uh6 a ai ukan'ska 6
they say. This person those who moved are he thought, they say. Path e in a straight
yonder they (course) went line with
ita"'ciaa ja"'-biama. Egife e'di ahf-biamA -5 iWai-baji-biamA, sig&e ke
ahead he lay they say. It came there ar- they say when he was not they say, foot the
to pass rived found prints (Ig. ob.)
Ahigi gdxe ga" ifai-bajf-biamA Akiha" l idaai te. Gan'ki ci pi itan'"iaa
many he made so he was not found, they say beyond he had the. And again anew ahead
afai t6, itan'-iiaja ijan-biamA. Cete wi" cuqd te haii, A-biama Anase 9
he went, ahead of him they say. That one will come said they say. To head
he lay (ob.) to you he him off
36 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
najin'-gA hait, A-biama kiAqpaqpAgge. Egiie wi"' ama uhafn'gala ma"ni"'
stand thou I said they say walking back and forth It came one the at the end was walking,
they among themselves, to pass (mv. sub.)
ama. GAte cu.e te hau, A-biama, e anas6 naji"' ufia $4ai te. Ki
they say. That will come I said they say, this to head to stand telling he sent it. And
(unseen ob.) to you he him off him
3 utcfje baza"' aA-biama. Igi"e gan' akama ipa-bAji gaxai te uba-hata
thicket pushing went they say. It came after standing be not he pretended at the side
among to pass awhile found him
inajin ki ma" kU gfizai t. Ga" mande k6 gan idan'i te. (e cud
of it he and arrow the he took his And bow the so he pulled it. This coming
stood (1g. ob.) own. (1g. oh.) to you
te utfxida-ga, a-biama, gactaf'ka t.. Ga" man k6 icifbai to Mactcifge
which look out for it, said they say, he tempted him. And arrow the he pulled when Rabbit
he (1g. ob.) and let go
6 kIsand6'-qti ian"'0ai te. Gan xag4 ama Mactcin'ge. IP'! in"'! i"'n !
through and he put it (the And he was crying, they Rabbit. (the rabbit's cry),
through arrow). say
A-biama Mactcin'ge aka. Kagdha, t'dYaf, A-biama. Kagdha, a'in' tA
said they say Rabbit the. 0 friend, you killed said they say. 0 friend, I carry will
he him, he it on my back
mike hau, A-biama. Macteif ge ua"'si ai*ga-biamA. Ki man' k6 (ionida-
I who said they say. Rabbit leaping he had they say. And arrow the he pulled
he gone out of
9 biamA. Ki afi"' at6-biamA. Ga" n iqa-biamA. Mactcin'ge wami ma ke
they say. And having he they say. And they they say. Rabbit blood snow the
it went chased him (Ig. oh.)
ji-de kd amAma diqaf te. Ma"can'de ugidaaza-biamA, fgat'a"-biamA.
red was lying, they say as they chased. Den theyscaredhim they say, he they say.
into his own grunted
xa"hk, t'dan"f'-qtci-an'i, A-biamA. HUin! hin'! A-biamA. Ia"' igaskan"0-
Grand- they have altogether said they say. Hfi! hil said, they say. His tried him (sic)
mother, killed me, he grandmother
12 biamA. Naxide-oiiini'ge ianahi" ehan'+. (f-hnan upfna-bi, ehd P[i, Oaxaga-
they say. Disobedient you are you-truly I You only they sought you, I when you cry
it was reported said
ji'-qti gan' (agoi"' et6de, A-biama. Ga", )janhi, makan" ufne man ifi'-g6,
not at so. you sit should said they say. And, Grand- medicine to seek walk
all have, she mother, it (for one)
A-biamA. Wiliucpa, maka"' i4Apaha" da"'et6-ma"' Ainh, A-biama. Ia"ha,
said they say. My grandchild, medicine I know it (dubitative sign) I who move said they say. Grand-
he she mother,
15 na"'pa-hi ge-oan' win' i'injn gf-g_ a-biama. I[an' akA ai"' akf-biama.
choke- bush the in the one bring back for me said they say. His the having reached home,
cherry (pl.) past he grandmother (sub.) it they say.
Gan" atA-biamd. Ga" igini-biamA.
And he ate it, they say. And he recovered by it,
35, 2. w64ixuxii. Nudan-axa, a Ponka, gave it thus; but it may be intended
for w6oixuxfi-hi, as the Omahas use wefixtxu-hi k6. anl'-qti gan is a phrase which
scarcely admits of a brief translation. It' seems to imply for no reason whatever, at
any rate, etc.
35, 8, et passim. aiaiai t6, a ai to, ui a oefai t0, etc., denote certainty on the part
of the speaker, or that he was cognizant of the acts referred to, hence it would have
been better to say, aia-fa-biama, afa-biama, ui1a fe, a-biama," denoting what was not
observed by the narrator.
HOW THE RABBIT CURED HIS WOUND.
35, 7. itaniapa jan-biama. The Rabbit went ahead of their trail and lay con-
cealed, lying in wait for them.
35, 7. sigfe k6 ahigi gaxe, etc. He made so many tracks that the people did not
know which way to turn to search for the Rabbit.
36, 3. i a-baji gaxai t6. This man pretended that he had not discovered where
the Rabbit lay concealed. He pulled the bow in one direction to deceive the Rabbit,
and then turned around suddenly and shot him, sending the arrow through his body.
36, 11. igaskan" seems to be used here in the sense of chiding.
36, 14. iqapahan danct6-ma"' Ainhe implies doubt: I may know it as I go along,
and I may not know it.
36, 15. na~pahi gefa"', the choke-cherry bushes which had been (full of sap, etc.).
It was winter at the time he sent the old woman after one.
The Rabbit was dwelling with his grandmother. And while traveling he reached
a certain place. At the foot of the bluff the prickly ash was very dense. It was thus
all along. And he said, "Persons have been on the trail, all of whom had very long
feet." And on the next day he said, "Grandmother, I will go out to see (that is, to
act as a scout, suspecting the presence of foes)." And he went in the morning. When
he departed, at length they were coming back suddenly. "These persons are the ones
who were moving there," thought he. He lay ahead in a straight line with the path
they went. It came to pass that when they reached there (where the Rabbit was) he
was not found. He had made many footprints, so he was not found, and they went
beyond the place. Then again he went ahead, and lay ahead of him (of one of the
men). That one thing will come to you," he said. "Stand and head him off." They
were walking back and forth among themselves. At length one was walking at the
end. "That unseen thing will come to you," he said. This he communicated (to those at
a distance), telling (them) to stand and head him off. And he went pushing among
the undergrowth, etc. And then, after standing awhile, he pretended that he had not
found him (the Rabbit). He stood at the side (of the thicket) and took his arrow.
And so he fitted it to the bow-string. "Look out for this which is coming to you,"
he said, as he tempted him (the Rabbit). And letting the arrow go he pierced the
Rabbit through the body (the arrow appearing on the other side). And the Rabbit
was crying. The Rabbit said, 'Ina! ida! ina!" "Friend, you have killed him,"
said they. "Friend, I will carry it on my back," said (one). The Rabbit had gone
with a leap. And he pulled out the arrow. And he carried it away. And they pur-
sued him. As they chased him the Rabbit's blood was lying along (in a long line) on
the snow. They scared him into his burrow. He grunted. "Grandmother," said he,
"they have altogether killed me. Hiin! hii"!" said he. His grandmother chided
him. "You were truly disobedient. When I said that it was reported you alone
were sought after, you should have sal without crying at all," she said. And he said,
"Grandmother, go to seek for medicine." Said she, "My grandchild, I doubt whether
I know the medicine." "Grandmother," said he, "bring me back one of the choke-
cherry bushes." And his grandmother took it home. He ate it, and it made him
THE RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
OBTAINED FaOM NUDAm'-AXA.
Hu+! A-biamA. K
Hu + said, they say. 0 y
aed amAma. Gai'ki Mactcin'ge amA gan'
was going, they say. And Rabbit the so,
agd6 A-biamA. Uh-i+! A-biamA. O ai-da"
hunger said, they say. Uhu+! said, they say. It was when
other! I told
3 ka"b 6ga" dga" agilanbe Aha", A-biamA.
I hoped and so I see my own I said, they say.
I move for some only
I see it
qtan'6 td, A-biamA. Gf-ga, A-biamA. EAta" Adan, A-biamA. Ca"' gi-g1 ,
love me will said, it is said. Come said, it is said. Where- I said, they say. At come,
fore any rate
A-biamA Ictinike akA. i'di akf-biama. Kagd, a-biamA, eddhe ctdctewa"'
said, they say Ictinike the There he reached home, O younger said, theysay, what I soever
(sub.). they say. brother, say
6 a'ha" ec6 te, A-biamA. Anha", A-biamA Mactcif'ge akA. Kagd, A-biam--
yes you will said, they say. Yes, said, they say Rabbit the 0 younger said, they say-
say (sub.). brother
kagd, witcf tA mike, A-biamA Ictinike akA. An'kaji, A-biamA, wftan" in
Younger teeimcoeoo will I who, said, they say Ictinike the (sub.). Not so, said, they say, I first
brother, (te- cum co- i- bo)
witfc tee, A-biamA Mactcif'ge akA. Na'! an'kaji, kag4, na"' amA edAd
tecum coibo, said, they say Rabbit the (sub.). Psha not so, O younger adult the what
brother, (pl. sub.)
9 'fiai uhd-hnani, A-biamA. Na'! an'kaji ha, jinedha, A-biamA. Jifng amA,
they they have their said, they say. Psha I not so O elder said, they say. Younger the
speak of way, habitually, brother, (pL)
ji"nfdha, edAda" 'fai tW'di 6d actan'-bAji 4ga" 6 uhd-hna"i, A-biamA
0 elder what they when that stopping not so they have habitu- said, they say
brother, speak of talking their way ally,
(Mactcif'ge akA). Hind6ga, kagd, dgaf-gA ha. Gan' Ictinike akA bas'i"'
Rabbit the (sub.). Let us see, younger do so And Ictinike the (sub.) upside
12 ifa"n'a-biamA. Mactcin'ge akA ga"' tcff t. (ictan'-biamA qi ua"'si AiAia-
he placed they say. Rabbit the (sub.). so cum eocoiit. Finished they say when leaping he had
biamA Mactcii'ge amA. GI-gh, kag4, 4-hna"-biamA. Egitan-hnan' amA
they say Rabbit the Come, 0 younger said habit- they say. Said to habit. they
(my. sub.) brother, ally him ally say
ei Mactcif'ge amA an'he-hnan' amA. Can' utcije ci'ga dgihe Aia a-
when Rabbit the -was fleeing they say. And thicket dense headlong he had
(my. sub.) into it gone
15 biamA. Wahu+1 A-biamA Ictinike akA. Wf-hnan nfacinga iiAkite-de
they say. Wahu+! said, they say Ictinike the (sub.). I only person I cheated while
ma"'tihda$6 ata"he a"'cti. Mactcin'ge pji'-qti! si-ani'ga peji'-qtci! ictcA-
I was putting it inside heretofore. Rabbit bad very foot big bad very eye-
si-afi'ga peji'-qtcil ja"'xe Ahigi pEji'-qtcil 'Agfean"&ufA tcAbe Aha", A-biamA
ballbig bad very! strong much bad very youhavemade verymuch I said, they say
odor me suffer
THE RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
Ictinike akA. Ga"' a6a-biamA. Ictinike cdi" b fje atfc tcAbe hau, A-biami.
Iotinike the And went, they say. Ictinike that one eacare cumeo very I said, they say.
(sub.). (my. ob.) fedi coii
Ga"' Ictinike akA waggan'gan amA ci. Ci wag afi'g an-biama. Ictfnike
And Ictinike the (sub.) reviled him they again. Again reviled him they say. Ictinike
amA aA-biam6 gia-bajf-qti. GApu ahf-bi Vi jdtiinfge can ja-biamA. Ja'- 3
the went they say sorrowful very. In that he ar- they when cacatdrlit and ca- they say Oaca-
(my. sub.) place rived say cavit vit
biamA [i mactcin'ge jin'ga wi" naf'ge-qtci a4-biamA. Gd-d-ia"n A-qti
they say when rabbit young one ran ver went they say. It is put further very
Aha"! WuhA! A-biamA Ictinike akA. E ci gA u ahf-bi 3[i jdtipin'ge can
S Wuhul said, they say Ictinike the That again in that hear- they when cacartit and
(sub.). place rived say
jA-biamA. Ci mactcin'ge jin'ga win nan'ge-qtci a#A-biamA. Ci fdatai-te. 6
eo- they say. Again rabbit young one ran very went they say. Again peperit.
Ci dgiqani to, WAhu+'a'l 'Aggean'f6 tcAbe Aha", A-biamA. Ga"' a#A-biami.
Again he said to him, Really he has made me very I said, they say. And went they say.
Ci gAou ahi-bi qi jdtiinfge can jA-biamA. CI mactcin'ge jin'ga win
Again in that he ar- they when cacattiirt and ca- they say. Again rabbit young one
place rived say cavit
ci qu'%' aA--biamA. Ci 6gioa"-biamA. Iaban hn6 tiganji, a-biamA. Ci 9
again with a went they say. Again he said they say. A second you go not apt said, they say. Again
rush to him time
ega" w da 6 ifqiquhA-bi ega"', cgife je hifai tedi waii"' fan can'
so pardre he feared they having, at length cacans he made it when robe the at any
for himself say reach (the rate
utfpupA-bi egan' AnasA-biamA. W *iin' san ca"' ansif-biamA. Waii"' *an
hebent it around having he hin- they say. Robe the in spite on it he they say. Robe the
over (the rabbit) dered it of leaped
ifigd ugfna"skAbe aan' amA. WuhA+! gdid-isa"cA-qti a"'axe Aha", 12
feces it was made to adhere to it from his feet, Wuhu+ I it is put further very made me I
A-biamA (nu6Ai"n giaxai t 64 wakA-bi ega"'). Hau. Ga"' a&A-biamA.
said, they say naked he made for him that he they having. Well. And went they say.
Can'qti gan nu[A in afA-biamA. Egime nAjinga d'Aba man"in'bagi a i" mAma.
In spite of so naked went they say. It came boy some were throwing sticks as they
to pass walked, it is said.
WAkipA-biamA. Had! kag6, a-biamA Ictinike amA. Had! A-biama nijifga 15
He met they say. Ho O younger said, they say Ictinike the Ho! said, they say boys
them brother, (mv. sub.)
amA. IndAdancti6 ga" l anA'an-bAji, kag6, A-biama. A", A-biamA. Ca"'
the Whatever so you have not, O younger said, they say. Yes, said, they say. Still
(pl. sub.). heard brother,
dAda" ct6cte fanA'an di"te inwin"'ai-ga, A-biamA Ictinike akA. An'han,
what soever you heard mayhave tell ye to me said, they say letinike the (sub.). Yes,
A-biamA. T na'jI Mactin'ge amA-hna" Ictinike amA tci-biamA af, ann6'ani, 18
said, they say. Why I Rabbit the only Ictinike the sum eo it is re. they we heard
(mv. sub.) (my. one) coit ported say
A-biamA nAjinga amA. Wuhu+! AAci-qti a"wa"'na'an am6de, eedga"-
said, they say boys the Wuhu+! a very long of me they they are the thought
(pl. sub.). while ago have heard ones, but
biamA Ictinike akA. Ci a0A-biamA. Ki ci d'dba masni"'bagf asin' amAma.
they say Iotinike .the. Again went they say. And again some were throwing sticks as they
walked, it is said.
40 THE (EGIIIA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Ci wakipd-biamA. Kagd, indada" ctcte inwin"'ai-gg. hafi A-biama.
Again he met they say. 0 younger what soever tell ye to me I said, they say.
Indida" afigufiia tafte ifig4 iga", a-biama. Tena'! Mactcii'ge ama-
What we tell you shall there is like said, they say. Why Rabbit the
none (my. sub.)
3 hna" Ictinike amA tci-biama al, annAa"i, A-biama nijifiga ama. Ga"'
only Ictinike the cameo it is re- they we heard, said, they say boys the And
(my. sub.) coiit ported say, (pl. sub.).
aaf tM." Wuhu+! 3&ci-qti-dgan un 'a"aann 6 ahan, eodgan-biamA. Ga"' ci
he went. Wuhu+! a very long time he made me to thought they say. And again
ago be heard of
d'iba 6iAmama. Ki ci egan wdmaxa-biam6. Kagd, IndAda" ctWete i"wi"'-
some were approach- And again so questioned they say. O younger what soever tell
ing. them brother,
6 Oai-gg haA, a-biama. Indidan afguIifia tafte Oing46 ga", A-biama.
ye to me 1 said, they say. What we tell thee shall it is nothing like said, they say.
Tena'! Mactcin'ge amA-hnan Ictinike ama tcf-biamA ai, annA'a"i, A-
Why Rabbit the only Ictinike the cum eo it is re- they we heard, said,
(my. sub.) (mv. sub.) coiit ported say,
biamA. Wuhu+! Aciqti-dga" unAanan/anA Ahan, et4gan-biamA Ictinike
they say. Wuhu+ a very long time he made me to be I thought they say Ictinike
ago heard of
9 aki. CT aoa-biama. Egioe jdadigpa" pe'ji goiza-bi 4gan wdza-hnan aa-
the Again went they say. It came breech-cloth bad he took they having to give the went
(sub.) to pass his own say alarm, only
biamA. RIgife ii 64anbe ahf-biamA. I"c'lge tdoa ni" idnaxipai 4i", A-
they say. At length lodge in sight of ar- they say. Venerable this one the he is attacked said
rived man behind (mv. oh.) they
biamA. k'di ahf-biamn Akicuga-qti-a'-biama Cif'gajif'ga uan'he
they say. There he ar- they say. They were standing they say. Children a place of
rived very thick retreat
12 uiwaginAi-ga. An"a"'naxfi ai 6de hdgact6wan-bdjI, A-biamA Ictfnike akA.
seek ye for them. Me theyAttacked but by no means a few, said, they say Ictinike the (sub.).
In~oAge waiin' panl ctawan' gacaf tan, a-biama. An"han, gan-qtian' (A-biama).
Venerable robe the even he is deprived of said, they say. Yes, so very said, they say.
man by chasing him,
Gaski wakan'di&'-qti naji"'-biamd, wactanka akdga". Anwandanbe taf ha.
Panting excessively he stood they say, a tempter he was like. We see them will
15 K4, uAwagi6ai-ga, A-biama. An'kaji ha, A-biamd Ictinike aka. Waii"'
Come, tell us about them, said, they say. Not so said, they say Ictinike the (sub.). Robe
ge wi"' i"'nli gii-ga, A-biamA. Wi wala"'be b04 tA mike, A-bianm
the (pl.) one bring ye to me, said, they say. I to see them I go will I who, said, they say
Ictinike akA. Inc'age win'k6-qti Aha", A-biam .. Ga"' waiin' fa 'fi-
Ictinike the (sub.). Venerable tells the very I said, they say. And robe the was
man truth given
18 biamA, waii"' ckibi-qti j4ha 'fi-biamA. Watcicka k6 uhA aoA-biamA.
they say, robe thick very summer was they say. Creek the follow- he went, they say.
(hair) robe given ing
Haha+'! a"'ba win'/an an' gaawaki'a" ata"'he l"a'cti. Nfacinga win'
Hal ha I day one by one have I been doing that to them heretofore. Person one
a"f'ijuctwan'ji, A-biamA (Mactcin'ge 4 wakA-bi ega"').
did not treat me wel said they say Rabbit that he meant they having.
at a, he say
THE RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
38, 5. 6di aki-biama. It was some place where the Rabbit had been on some pre-
vious occasion, or else it was on the way to the Rabbit's home: "he reached there
again," or "he reached there on his way home."
38, 16. mantihea n atanhe a"cti. Hitherto, Ictinike placed his plot within his
head and concealed it there. Mantihea06 refers to the plot, not to the victim.
39, 1. bfije atci tcabe. "B1ije" is from ij?."
39, 4. gud-ioan"a-qti aha", a phrase occurring only in this myth.
39, 10. je hifai, a case of "hapax legomenon."
39, 12. uginanskabe fa" ama. The young Rabbit leaped upon the robe of his
relation, Ictinike, soiling it with the "ifigfe" sticking to his feet.
40, 9. jeidigea" piji gfiza-bi ega'. He took his own breech-cloth which he had
on to use in giving the signal of alarm. Hence he was not "naked" in the strict sense
of the word before he took it off.
40, 12. hegactewanbaji, pronounced he+gactewapbaji.
40, 13. ic'age waiin a" et 6wa" gacai tan. The people said, "They chased the
venerable man so closely that he had to drop his robe?
40, 18. wail ckube-qti 4eha 'ii-biama. Though this means "a'very thick summer
robe," jeha (buffalo robes of animals killed in summer) were not covered with thick
hair, as were the meha or winter robes.
Ictinike was going, and so was the Rabbit. "Hu+! O younger brother! Uhu+!"
said Ictinike. "When it was told, I hoped to see him, and so I see my own (rela-
tion)," said he. "Though I am only moving for some time, who will love me?" said
the Rabbit. "Come," said Ictinike. "Wherefore," said the .Rabbit. "Never mind,
come," said Ictinike. He reached there. "0 younger brother," said he, "what-
soever I say, you must say 'Yes.'" "Yes," said the Rabbit. "O younger brother,
tecum coibo," said Ictinike. "No," said the Rabbit, "prior tecum coibo." "Psha! O
younger brother," said Ictinike, "when the elder ones talk about anything, they
generally have their way." "Psha! Not so indeed, elder brother. The younger ones,
elder brother, when they speak about anything, do not stop talking about that, so
they usually have their way," said the Rabbit. "Let us see, do so, younger brother."
And Ictinike turned upside-down. The Rabbit cum eo coiit. Coitu complete, the
Rabbit leaped and had gone. "Come, O younger brother," said Ictinike repeatedly.
When he was saying it to him the Rabbit was fleeing; and he went headlong into a
dense thicket. "Wahu+-!" said Ictinike, "While I alone cheated a person, I used to
keep (the plot) inside (my head). Yofi very bad Rabbit! You very bad big-foot!
You very bad big-eyeballs! ,You very bad much strong odor! You have made me
suffer very much." And the Rabbit departed. Gum isto prior coii et feci ut eaca-
ret," said the Rabbit. Ictinike reviled him again. Again he reviled him. Ictinike
departed very sorrowful. When he reached a certain place cacaturiit et cacavit.
Ictinike eacante, a young rabbit departed, running very rapidly, "It gets worse
and worse!" Again, when he reached a certain place, cacaturiit et eacavit; and
42 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
a young rabbit departed, running very swiftly. Iterum peperit. Again he said to
him, "Really! he has made me suffer very much." Again, when he reached a cer-
tain place, cacatifriit et cacavit. Again a young rabbit departed with a rush. "You
will not be apt to go again," said Ictinike. Quum iterum partre timuit, as he
stooled and caused it to reach the ground, he held the robe down on the feces and
the rabbit, to hinder the escape of the latter. In spite of the effort the young
rabbit leaped over the robe. He soiled the robe with the "ifigee" on his feet.
"Wuhu+! It gets worse and worse." (He meant his being naked.) Well, he
departed. In spite of (his condition) he went naked. It came to pass that some
boys were playing with mapninbagi as they walked. He met them. "Ho! younger
brothers," said Ictinike. "Ho!" said the boys. "Have you not heard anything at
all, younger brothers?" said he. "Yes," said they. "Then, whatsoever ye have
heard, tell me," said Ictinike. "Yes," they said. "Why! they say that it is reported
that the Rabbit alone cum Ictinike coiit. We have heard it." "Wuhu+! They have
heard about me for a very great while," thought Ictinike; and he departed. And
again some were playing manjinbagi as they walked; and he met them. O younger
brothers, tell me something or other," he said. "What we shall tell you is as noth
ing. Why! we have heard it said that it is reported that the Rabbit alone cum Icti-
nike coiit," said the boys. And he departed. "Wuhu+! I was caused to be heard
of a very long time ago," thought he. And again some were approaching. And
again he questioned them. "O younger brothers, tell me something or other," said
he. What we shall tell thee is as nothing. Why! we have heard it said that it is
reported that the Rabbit alone cum Ictinike coiit," said they. "Wuhu+! I was caused
to be heard of a very long time ago," thought Ictinike; and he departed. It came
to pass that he took his bad breech-cloth and went to give the alarm. At length
he came in sight of a lodge (village ). "This venerable man behind us is one who
has been attacked by the foe," they said. He arrived there. They were standing very
thick (around him). "Seek ye a place of retreat for your children. They attacked
me, and they were a great many," saidJctinike. "The venerable man is deprived (by
their chasing) even of his robe," said they. "Yes, it is just so." He stood panting
excessively, as he was a tempter. "We will see them. Come, tell us about them,"
said they. "Not so indeed,? said Ictinike. "Bring to me one of the robes. I will
go to see." "The venerable man speaks very truly," they said. And the robe was
given him; a thick summer robe was given him. He departed, following the stream.
"Ha! ha! Day after day have I been doing that to them heretofore. One person
did not treat me well at all," he said (meaning the Rabbit).
THE RABBIT AND THE GRIZZLY BEAR.
THE RABBIT AND THE GRIZZLY BEAR; OR, THE BIRTH OF
THE YOUNG RABBIT.
TOLD BY NUDAn'-AXA.
Mantcd akA Mactcin'ge ifikd wagfda"be aki-biama. Gan' amA,
Grizzly bear the Rabbit the (st. ob.) to scout for his reached home, And went they
(sub.) own they say. say
wdnaxioA-biama Mactcin'ge akA. j4 win ci"'-qti t'da-biamA Mactcin'ge
attacked them they say Rabbit the Buffalo one fat very he killed, they say Rabbit
aka. Ch anwan'*a manlgifin'-ga, A-biama Mantci akA. Ma"tci icta-jide 3
the To come to tell about begone, said, they say Grizzly bear the Grizzly bear eye red
(sub.). forthemeat me (sub.).
ufhe tioAbi-ga haut, A-biamA Mactcin'ge akA. Hi"+! wici'~, wi"an'waa,
to come pass ye on I said, they say Rabbit the Oh! my husband's in which place
for the meat (sub.). brother
A-biama Ma"tc min'ga akA. Ga"' aoA-biamA. 'I' akf-biamA 46 .ke
said, they say Grizzly bear female the And went they say. Brought home they say buff lo the
(sub.). on their backs (meat)
boiga-qti. Ki Mantci jin'ga aka ddba-biami Gan' jingA haci-qtci aki 6
all. And Grizzly bear young the four they say. And young last very the
Mactcii'ge ta'de-hna"'-biama. Wasatai te hdbe 84i" ahf-hna"-biama
Rabbit he pitied habitu- they say. What they ate part having he ar- habitu- they say
ally for him rived ally
manian'-hna". Ci dgasani V ci Ma"tci akA ci dgioan-biam6A: Mactcin'ge,
by stealth habitu- Again the next when again Grizzly the again said to him, they say: Rabbit,
ally. day bear (sub.)
unase ifita uglpi ha, a-biamA (Mantcd aka). Ji"'n ehA, hi"bd dagian" ha, 9
chasing- your own is full said, they say Grizzly bear the (sub.). 0 elder moccasins I put on my
place brother, own
A-biamA (Mactcin'ge akA). Ga"' wdnaxiOA-biami. Ci 6 wi" ci"-qti
said, they say Rabbit the (sub.). And he attacked they say. Again buffalo one fat very
t'doa-biamA. E'di ahf-biamA. tihe anwa"'n a mangoin'-ga, A-biamA (Mantcd
he killed, they say. There arrived, they say. To come to tell of me begone, said, they say Grizzly bear
akA). Ga"' agfd amAma Mactcin'ge ami. Ma"tci ictA-jide ufhe tioAbi-ga 12
the And was going homeward, Rabbit the Grizzly bear eye red to go pass on,
(sub.). they say (my. sub.). for meat
had, A-biamA Mactcin'ge akA. Hin+! wici'4, wina"'waA, A-biama Ma"tcA
I said, they say Rabbit the Oht my husband's in which place ? said, they say Grizzly bear
mi"ga akA. Ga"' uihe apA-biamA. Ci boAga-qti 'i" akf-biami. Ki 4 Mantce
female the And togofor went they say. And all very brought home on their And that Grizzly
(sub.). meat backs, they say. bear
jif'ga akA ci hbbe dii ahf-biamA. Ki Mantci akA gA-biamA: Hdbe 15
young the again a piece having he arrived, they And Grizzly bear the said as follows, A piece
(sub.) for him say. (sub.) they say:
w6ahni" cf djanmin', A-biamA. Igasani qi wadan'be agi-biamA Ma-
you took for you I think, said, they say. The next day when scouting was coming back, Rab-
some one went they ay.
44 THE (QEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
chasing- your own is full said, they say Grizzly bear the
O elder brother, moccasin
uagia"n' ha, A-biami Mactcin'ge aka. Ga"' wdnaxioi-biamA. Ci 4d win
I put on my said, they say Rabbit the And he attacked them, they say. Again buffalo one
3 ci"'-qti t'4da-biami. E'di ahi-biamA. lhe anwan'pa mangifi'-ga, a-biami
fat very he Idlled, they say. There arrived, they say. To come to tell of me begone, said, they say
Mantci akA. Jin"dha, hdbe agi'in ta mike, a-biami Mactcin'ge ak4. Qa-i!
Grizzly bear the O elder brother, a piece I carry will I who, said, they say Rabbit the Qai!
(sub.). mine (sub.).
wa'i"' gan'a Ahan. Jhe a"wAn' a mafigifl'-ga, A-biamA. Gan' wamAka-baji-
to pack he wishes I To come to tell of me begone, said, they say. And he got out of patience
for meat with him
6 biamA hdbe gi'in te AhucigA-bi egan' Mactcif'ge akA. Ga"' ja g6
they say a piece to carry the. he insisted on, they having Rabbit the (sub.). And meat the
his own say (pl.)
mdonuonudA-biam&. Ki Mactcifi'ge ak wami hdbe (izA-bi ega"' ijfgpa"-
he cut and disjointed they say. And Rabbit the blood a piece he took, having put it m his
several times (sub.) they say belt
biam6. Inddda" hnize egan, A-biamA Mantcd aka. Jin"$ha, indAdan bfiza-
they say. What have you taken, said, they say Grizzly bear the 0 elder brother, what took
9 maji, A-biama Mactcin'ge akA. Abaqu pan uaan-/bi ega"' wamf ubita nta"'-
I-not, said, they say Rabbit the Nape of the the he held him, having blood he pressed in it
(sub.). neck they say repeatedly
biama Mantcu aka.
they say Grizzly bear the
To come so
they have come
XagA-biamA Mactcin'ge aka. Gan' the u0 f-biami.
Cried they say Rabbit the And to come to tell he was com-
(sub.). to pack ing, they say.
Gan' 40a" wami Oizai *an nan'dala iian'a-biamA
And this (ob.) blood he took the one at the side of he put it they say
which the lodge
ak4. Han' amd. Egioe Mactcin'ge akA gA-biamA: Rskana,
the Night they say. It came Rabbit the said as follows, I hope,
(sub.). to pass (sub.) they say:
winisi, cin'gajinga ukfai fe tigodgpa-ma 4ga" ka"', a-biama.
my child, children they talk speech they begin the ones so I hope, said, they say.
with each suddenly who
oicta^'-bi q A"', a-biamA wamf oinkd cin'gajifga dgan. Ki
he finished, when, Yes, said, they say blood the (one infant like. And
they say sitting)
And said'to it
so they say.
15 Ki ci dgioa"'-biamd. Eskana, winisi, cin'gajinga ukfai Yi edd6aanan-ejf-qti-
And again said to it they say. I hope, my child, infant they talk when they speak very plainly,
with each making no mistakes,
ma 6ga" ka"', A-biamA. Ki iga"-biami. Ki, Gan'-hninkk e'be udakie hat,
the ones so I hope, said, they say. And so (it they say. And, You sit for a while who you talked i
who was) with
A-biamA Ma"tc aka.
said, they say Grizzlybear the
Na'! ji"eha, eb6ct uAkie-maji, wf-hna" ud3ikid ga"'
Why O elder who at all I talked I-not, I alone I talked with so
brother, with myself
18 gin' minkd, A-biain Mactcin'ge aka. Ci 4gican-biama. Eskana, winisi,
I was sitting, said, they say Rabbit the Again said to they say. I hope, my child,
nijinga maunfdan wakan'dagi ta"'oi" tig(aa-hnan 6ga" kan', A-biamA, Ki
boy pulling the bow wonderfully well to run starting habitu- so I hope, said, they say. And
THE RABBIT AND THE GRIZZLY BEAR.
dga"-qti atiagja-biamd. Ci edfhi ggAhe-fa nan-kiM A-biamA. Eskana, wi-
so very became sud- they say. And then he caused him to do it repeatedly, they say. I hope, my
nisi, nujinga nan-qti-hnan manfdan wakan'dagi wasisig6-qti-hna"' gan kan',
child, boy grown very alone pulling the wonderfully well active very habitu- so I hope.
A-biama. Ga"' 6ga"-biamai. Eskana, winisi, cnujinga ma"'jiha 'i"' waa"'be- 3
said, they say. And so (it they say. I hope, my child, young man quiver car- them I have
was) trying seen
hnan'-ma dgan ka"', A-biama. Gan' fgan-biam Ki an'ba amA Kd, Ma-
habitu- the ones so I hope, said, they say. And so (it they say. And day was, they Come, Rab-
ally who was) say.
ctcin'ge, -inase ioffa .ugfpi ha, A-biamd Ma"tct akA. Nanhdba-ga, jin(dha,
bit, surround- your own is full said, they say Grizzly bear the Wait, elder brother,
ing place (sub.).
hinbd uA4an ha, a-biamA. Wandqoifi-ga, edada" hinbd Gagajji onilnk 6
moccasin I am put- said, they say. Hasten, what moccasin you have not you who,
ting on put on
si-langa! jan'xe Ahigi! ictca-silafnga icpAcpa! A-biamA. Wuihu+'a'! nAji!
big foot I offensive much! eye-ball big mouth in splits said, they say. Aha 0 the
odor villainy I
dgan-qti in'/in (skan nAji! a-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA. An'ha", nisiha,
like it very he treats I think 0 the vil- said, they say Rabbit his son the Yes, my child,
my own lainy I (sub.).
dga"-qti-hnan an'/in, 'Agpa-qti, nisiha, an'in", A-biama Mactcif'ge akA. 6 9
like it very habitu- he keeps suffering very, my child, he keeps said, they say Rabbit the e
ally me me (sub.). goes
t0 wAnanAse (an damui must wiTan'be ajan' tA mifnke, A-biama. Hdbe
the they surrounded where down hill right above I see you I lie will I who, said, they say. A piece
(agi'in 'ifa(e td, A-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA. Ga"' wdnaxilai te 16
you carry you speak will, said, they say Rabbit his son the And he attacked them when buf-
your own of (sub.). falo
wi" t'da-biama. Mantcu amA 'di ahi-biami. LOhe anwan"'/a mafiginf'-ga, 12
one he killed they say. Grizzly bear the (my. there arrived, they say. To come to tell of me begone,
it sub.) for meat
A-biama. Na! jind4ha, an'kaji ha, a-biama. Hibe agi'i kan'b a, jin"dha,
said, they say. Why elder brother, not so said, they say. A piece I carry I wish, elder brother,
a-biama. Qa-f+! wa'"' ga" 'a inahi" a. Mhe anwan/"a mangpinl'-ga,
said, they say. Qa-i+! to carry he wishes truly To come to tell of me begone,
a-biama. Na! jindha, hdbe agf'in kan'bpa, jin~"ha, a-biamd. NM! Ma- 15
said, they say. Why! elder brother, apiece I carry mine I wish, elder brother, said, they say. Why! Rab-
ctcin'ge ie t0 egijan'ji-hnau" de wapfsisige, A-biama. Ni! ji" ha,
bit speech the you have not habitu- but you are active, said, they say. Why! elder brother,
done that ally
an'kaji ha (ca"'ja wi cti jin"4ha, nanpa"'hi"-hna"-man' 6gan h6be ag'i"
not so though I too elder brother, I am hungry habitu- I have so a piece I carry
kan'b(a, A-biami. Na! wi"'ake, Mactcin'ge upinaji" (at'an' ebdgan 6Ada" 18
I wish, said, they say. Why! I tell the Rabbit to depend on you have I think there-
ie anonajuAji ga" Aha", A-biamA Mantci akA. Gan"' ed gia"' ama
speech you have treated some- said, they say Grizzly bear the And again said to him they
me ill in talking what (sub.). say
3i ma"'asaoa ain"'-biamA, bab jij6-qti (d6a-biama. Mactcinf'ge ijin'ge aka
when on his back re- had him, they say, pushed him very suddenly, they say. Rabbit his son the
peatedly over (sub.)
46 THE (EGIHA LANGUTAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
agfi t6. Ga"' ma"' t6 gfsni"snin'de agf-biamA, man'dO k6 ugfnanqpA-biamn
was coming And arrow the pulled out several of was coming, they bow the he strong his own, they say
back (col.) his own say
Mactcin'ge ijin'ge aka. Kag4! a-biama, diaga" gi'if'-ga, A-biama
Rabbit his son the O younger said, they say, the (meat) on carry your own, said, they say
(sub.). brother I this side of you
3 Ma"tc aka. jLant [a #a" hbe anl'a dai te. Ubif'age ha. 'In'-ga,
Grizzly bear the Fresh meat the a piece he threw away suddenly. I am unwilhng Carry it,
A-biamA Mactcin'ge a KI iji'ge amA 'di ak-biami. Naji! igan-qti
said, they say Rabbit the And his son the (mv. there came home, they 0 the vil- like it very
(sub.). sub.) say. lainy
i"'f ahnin eska"', A-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge aka. Na! nisiha, iUdi ag gi'in'
youhavebeen I suspect, said, they say Rabbit his son the Why! my child, your this carrying
treatingmyown (sub.). father his own
6 te. Ri'i hB waf'giqe, A-biamA Mantcd akA. Na! 'ifi'-ga ha, A-biamA Ma-
will. I have all, said, they say Grizzly bear the Boshl carry it said, they say Rab-
given back (sub.).
ctcin'ge ijin'ge aka, Man'tci 4 wakA-bi ega"'. Ga"' ma"'an a a ai"'-bi ega"'
bit his son the Grizzly bear that he meant, having. And on his back re- he had him, having
(sub.), they say peatedly they say
Ma"tc 'i" kida-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA. Ma" na"'ba f'u-biamd
Grizzlybear the (my. shot at, they say Rabbit his son the Arrow two wounded with,
ob.) (sub.). they say
9 Ma"tc. Ga"' t'fea biama. IgAq an ifikd ihe uhna te eddce-hnan' a,
Grizzly bear. And killed him, they say. His wie the one to come you told when what said habitn- I
who for me you ally
A-biamA Mactcif'ge ijin'ge i Adi fgta"xa -bi egan'. An'ha", A-biamd,
said, they say Rabbit his son his father he asked his own, having. Yes, said, they say,
Mantci6 ictA-jide ufhe tipAbi-ga haii, eh-hna"-ma"', A-biamA. ggifa"-biama.
Grizzly bear eye red to come pass ye on I I said habitn- I have, said, they say. He said to they say.
for meat ally him
12 E'di aki-biamA. jfjebe te ubAha" basnin'dihb amA e4aebe hi to. Ku-
There reached home, Door the tent-front he passed in head they when he came in sight. (Sound
they say. foremost as he lay say of bow)
biamA. Ga"' Ma"tcl wa'tijinga t'dY a-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA. Ma-
they say. And Grizzly bear old woman he killed they say Rabbit his son the Rab-
ctcif'ge Awahnafnk ce fa'din"in"akifaf a, A-biamA. Wf, wi, wi, a-biama.
bit where are you who you pitied mine for me I said, they say. I, I, I, said, they say.
15 Za'd-qti-a''-biama. Ki jingA hAci akA, Wf-hnan ct 6dudha-maji to, A-biama.
A great confusion they say. And young last the I alone even I did not follow them, said, they say.
Gan' dakA fAbin zanf t'dwagA-biama. Ga"', (fadi nf 6dacki fanaji" te
And his (col.) three all he killed them, they say. And, Your water you go for you stand as
tifA-ga, A-biamA Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA. HA! jinadha, A-biamA Matcid
pass on, said, they say Rabbit his son the 0! elder brother, said, they say Grizzly bear
18 jin'ga um-icte ifikd. Ga"' AjawA-qti iAdi ifink jfgigOa-biamA. Dadfha,
young left from he who. And having a very his father he who he with his they say. O father,
shooting good time own
man' d'liba irigAxa-ga ha, A-biamA. Ga"' man' gia xa-biamA, higaji ma"' i-
arrow some make for me said, they say. And arrow made for they say, a great arrow un-
ctan'-biamA. QitA-macan 'dna-sfqti io a-biami. Ga"' gan'-akAma gA-biamA:
ished they say. Eagle feathers all alike he put on, they say. And after he sat awhile said as follows,
THE RABBIT AND THE GRIZZLY BEAR. 47
Dadiha, wA aha -idan-qti ka"'ba, A-biamA. A"', a-biama Mactcii'ge aka.
0 father, clothing good very I wish, said, they say. Yes, said, they say Rabbit the
Ga"' waAge win giAxa-biamA, danuhu wi"' amn. Can' wajin'ga ukidate juiga
And hat one made for they say, owl one they say. In fact bird sewed body
bfiga-qti wAaaha-biama. Ci hi"bd dgan danuhu akiwa unan'-biama. Si- 3
all very he clothed they say. Again moccasin so owl both he put they say. a
(ize man"in'-bi t0'di, Hi! hu! hu! 6-hnan-biami. d(nuhu wanan'huta"-
step walked, they say when, Hh hul hu! said habitu- they say. Owl he made them hoot as
hna"'-biama. Ca"' wajin'ga bfiiga hitan za'e'-qti-a"'-biamA.
he walked, they say. In fact bird all crying made a great noise, they say.
The Grizzly bear went out very early each morning in search of buffalo. Having
found the game, he used to get home by sunrise, when he informed the Rabbit. The
Rabbit, who was very swift, could chase the buffalo and kill them; but the Grizzly
bear was unable to do this, so he kept the Rabbit as his servant, calling him his
43, 3. uh anwan$a mafigfiiL-ga. Uh, a contr. of ithe, to go out from camp to meet
the hunters and help to bring the fresh meat home. "Begone, and tell them about
me, so that they may come out for the fresh meat, and pack it into camp." The Bear
took all the credit to himself.
43, 4. Sanssouci and F. LaFleche gave "tifAi-gh haft" instead of tifabi-gl hafi.
The Kwapa egiha (Kansas, etc.) uses -bi" as a plural sign, where the Omaha egiha
43, 6. b ugaqti, pronounced bfu+gaqti by Nudae-axa.
44, 7. wami hebe - -iigian-biama. The piece of clotted blood was about the
size of two fingers.
44, 9. aba-u an ufan-bi egan, etc. The Bear got out of patience with the Rabbit,
who insisted on carrying a piece of the meat.
44, 12. eskana, winisi, etc. The growth of the young Rabbit was as follows: (1)
He commenced talking, saying words here and there, not speaking plainly or con-
nectedly. (2) Next, he spoke without missing a word or syllable. (3) He became like
boys who pull the bow and shoot very well, and who run a little now and then, but not
very far. (4) He was as a youth who can draw the arrow, and who runs swiftly for
,some time. (5) He became a young man, one of those who carry the quiver and take
45, 7. naji, a word implying anger on the part of the speaker.
45, 10. hebe agi'i" 'iQaog t6. "You must speak to him for a piece that you can
45. 16. ie t6 6gijanji-hnan, etc. Why, Rabbit, you have not been using such lan-
guage, but (now) you are active."
45, 19. an"onajuaji, equal to afAc'aje---dai"-napaji. See fifth myth, 23, 11.
46, 1. uginanqpa-biama. Omahas, etc., carry their bows, when not in use, with
one end of the string loose. When they wish to string the bow, they bend it with the
foot, and put the string on the other end.-L. Sanssouci.
48 THE pEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
46, 4. naji, 6gan-qti inahnin eskan. "I suspect that you have been treating my
father just so."
46, 12. ubahan basnindih6 ama. A case of hapax legomenon. F. La Flbche would
read "Kida-biama, he shot at her," instead of "Ku-biama," which is not plain to him.
46, 16. 4iadi, etc. The Rabbit's son adopted the kind young Grizzly bear as his
younger brother; hence the elder Rabbit became the adoptive father of the Grizzly bear.
46, 19. hegaji, pronounced here as he+gaji.
46, 20, ifa a-biama. Instr. from afa, to stick on, as with glue.
The Grizzly bear came home, having been 'scouting for the Rabbit. And the
Rabbit went to attack the herd. The Rabbit killed a very fat buffalo. "Begone
and tell about me, that they may come after the meat," said the Grizzly bear. "Pass
ye on to the red-eyed Grizzly bear, to help him pack the meat!" said the Rabbit.
Oh! my husband's brother, in which direction?" said the female Grizzly bear. And
they departed. They brought home all of the buffalo meat. And there were four
young Grizzly bears. And the youngest one pitied the Rabbit. He used to bring him
by stealth a part of what they ate. And on the next day the Grizzly bear said to him
again: "Rabbit, your chasing-place is full of game." "0 elder brother!" said the
Rabbit, "I am putting on my moccasins." And he attacked them. Again he killed
a very fat buffalo. The Grizzly bear went thither. "Begone and tell about me,
that they may come after the meat," said the Bear. And the Rabbit was going
homeward. "Pass ye on to the red-eyed Grizzly bear, to help him to pack the meat!"
said the Rabbit. "Oh! my husband's brother, in which direction?" said the female
Grizzly bear. And they went to pack the meat. And they brought home all the meat
on their backs. And the young Grizzly bear brought him a piece again. And the
Grizzly bear said as follows: "I think that you took a piece to-some one." The next
day he was returning from scouting. "Rabbit, your chasing-place is full," said the
Grizzly bear. "0 elder brother! I am putting on my moccasins," said the Rabbit.
And he attacked them. Again he killed a very fat buffalo. The Bear arrived
there. "Begone and tell about me, that they may come after the meat," said the
Grizzly bear. "O elder brother! I will carry my own piece," said the Rabbit. "Qa-i!
He wishes to carry meat! Begone and tell about me, that they may come after the
meat," said he. And he got out of patience with him, as the Rabbit insisted on carry-
ing his own piece. And the Rabbit cut the meat several times with a knife, causing
pieces to come off. And the Rabbit seized a piece of blood ard put it into his belt.-
What have you been taking," said the Grizzly bear. 0 elder brother! I have taken
. nothing," said the Rabbit. Holding the Rabbit by the nape of the neck, he pressed him
repeatedly in the blood. The Rabbit cried. And he approached to tell them to go after
the meat. Having gone after the meat, they came to the lodge. And the Rabbit put
at the side of the lodge this piece of blood which he had taken. It was night. And
the Rabbit said as follows: "I hope, my child, that you may be as children who begin
to talk suddenly, saying a word now and then." And when he had finished speaking
to him, the blood said "Yes," like an infant. And it was so. And he said to him
again: "I hope, my child, that you may be like children who speak plainly without
missing a word." And it was so. And the Grizzly bear said, "With whom were you
THE RABBIT AND THE GRIZZLY BEAR. 49
talking, as you sat for a while?" "Why, elder brother, I was talking with no one at
all. I was sitting talking to myself," said the Rabbit. Again he said to him: I hope,
my child, that you may be like boys who pull the bow wonderfully well, and run now
and then for a short distance." And it became so very suddenly. And then he made
him do it repeatedly. I hope, my child, that you may be like the youth who are grown,
who pull the bow very well, and who are so active that they run a great distance." And
it was so. "I hope, my child, that you may be like the young men whom I have seen
carrying the quiver." And it was so. And it was day. "Come, Rabbit, your chasing-
place is full," said the Grizzly bear. "Wait, elder brother, I am putting on-my mocca-
sins," said the Rabbit. "Hasten, you who have not put on any moccasins, big-foot!
much offensive odor! big eyeballs! mouth split in many places!" said the Bear. "Aha!
0 the villainy! I suspect that he treats my relation very much like that," said the
Rabbit's son. "Yes, my child, he is used to treating me just so. He keeps me in great
suffering, my child," said the Rabbit. "When he goes, I will lie looking at you, right
above the descent of the hill where they have surrounded the herd from time to time.
You must speak to him for a piece for you to carry," said the Rabbit's son. And when
he attacked them, he killed a buffalo. The Grizzly bear arrived there. "Begone and
tell about me, that they may come after the meat," said he. Now, elder brother, not
so indeed," said the Rabbit. "I wish to carry a piece of my own, elder brother,"
said he. Qa-i! He truly wishes to carry! Begone and tell them about me, that they
may come after the meat," said he. "Why! elder brother, I wish to carry my own
piece," said the Rabbit. "Why! Rabbit, you have not been using such language,
but you are active (at present)," said the Bear. "Why! elder brother, though it
is not so, I too, elder brother, am used to being hungry, so I wish to carry my
own piece (of meat)," said the Rabbit. "Why! I speak truly, Rabbit, you have
some one to depend on, I think, therefore you have been abusing me somewhat in
speech!" said the Grizzly bear. And when he said it to him again, he sent the
Rabbit on his back repeatedly; he pushed him over very suddenly. The Rabbit's son
was coming. And he was pulling several arrows out of his quiver as he was coming.
The Rabbit's son strung his bow. "O younger brother, carry your own (meat), that
which is on this side of you," said the Grizzly bear. He threw away suddenly the
piece of fresh meat. I am unwilling, carry it (yourself)," said the Rabbit. And his
son had come back thither. "0 the villainy! I suspect that you have been treating
my relation just so," said the Rabbit's son. "Why! my child, your father can carry
this. I have given all back to him," said the Grizzly bear. "Bosh! Carry it (your-
self)," said the Rabbit's son, meaning the Grizzly bear. Having sent the Grizzly
bear on his back repeatedly, the Rabbit's son shot at the Grizzly bear, wounding him
with two arrows. And he killed him. What are you used to saying when you go to
tell his wife to go and carry the meat?" said the Rabbit's son, questioning his father.
"Yes," said he, "'Pass ye on to the red-eyed Grizzly bear, to help him to pack the
meat,' I am used to saying," And he said it to him. He reached home. When he came in
sight, and lay stretched out (on his stomach) at the front of the lodge, he pushed in head
foremost at the door. "Ku!" (sound of the shooting). And the Rabbit's son killed
the old woman Grizzly bear. "Where are you who pitied my relation, the Rabbit?"
said he. "I-I-I," they said, making a great uproar. And the youngest one said, "I,
alone, did not join with them (in maltreating him)." And the Rabbit's son killed these
50 THE (pEGIHA LANGUAGE--MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
three. And the Rabbit's son said, "Pass on (undisturbed), as you continue to fetch
water for your father." Thank you, elder brother," said the young Grizzly bear who was
left after the shooting of the others. And the Rabbit's son was with his father, having
a very pleasant time. "Father, make some arrows for me," said he. And he made a
great many arrows for him. He finished the arrows, fixing eagle feathers on all alike.
And after he sat awhile, he said as follows: "Father, I wish very good clothing."
Yes," said the Rabbit. And he made a hat for him; it was a great owl. Indeed, he
clothed his whole body, sewing birds together. And he put on moccasins, both of
which had great owls on them. When he walked a step, they used to say, "Hu! hu!
hu!" He made the great owls hoot as he walked. And, in fact, all the birds cried
and made a great uproar.
THE YOUNG RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
TOLD BY NUDA"t-AXA.
Mactcin'ge amA ggife Ictinie Akipa-biamA sabdji. Wuhu+! hA jucpa,
Rabbit the at length Ictinike met they say suddenly. Wnhu*! 0 grandchild,
hA iucp4, A-biama. I"c'4ge, ed4ce tAda", a-biamA Mactcin'ge akA. lucp6ha,
0 grandchild, said, they say. Venerable what would you said, they say Rabbit the 0 grandchild,
man, say (sub.).
3 wajif'ga wi" g infl'ke t'ean'kita-gq, A-biami. Ga"' kida-biamA. Kusan-
bird one going homeward, cause me to kill it, said, they say. And shot at it, they say- Through
the one that
d6'-qti iean'qa-biama. UqpAB6 f amA. UAA ama jducpDaa", A'eanf'gi"A-ga.
and through he put it, they say. Falling coming, they Lodged they 0 grandchild, pity me.
say. (in a tree) say.
HA jucpA, hA jucpA, pf-qti (A'ean'gi A-ga, A-biama. Ai'kaji, i"c'Age, aa"'boa
0 grandchild, 0 grandchild, again very pity me, said, they say. Not so, venerable I abandon
6 tA mike; &ize man"in'-ga, A-biamA. Af'kaji, uucpAha, ma"' k6 Aida" tcabe
will I who; to take it walk thou, said, they say. Not so, grandchild, arrow the good very
de hnizaji. ii B'be agi"' tAda", A-biama (Ictinike akA). Wiuhu+' -biama,
but you take it if who have it shall said, they say Ictinike the (sub.). Really said, they say,
inc'Age uhd ga"'oa Inahin Aha". Ga"' wAgaha t6 Oionuda-biamA b gdga
venerable to have wishes truly I And clothing the pulled off they say the whole.
man his way
9 Q4abd t6 Ane aA-biamA. CBdu ct6 AoaskAbe te ha', A-biama. Eddcegan &
Tree the climb- went, they say. There even stick will said, they say. What were you
i"c'Age, A-biamA. Na! jicpaga.n eddha-mAji. Xaci wdahide i"'hi Aha",
venerable said, they say. Why I grandchild what I said I not. A long far he has I
man, time back gone for me
eh4 mifnk, A-biamA. Ga"' 64 amega" ci 6 ga"-biama. C6u ct0 A6 askAbe
I was saying, said, they say. And as he was going again so they say. There 'even let him stick
THE YOUNG RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
te ha', a-biamA. Eddcegan
said, they say. What were you
a i"c'Age, a-biama.
I venerable said, they say.
Na! iicpaea", eddha-.mjl.
Whyl grandchild, what I Inot.
HAci wdahide in'hi Aha", ehd minkd, A-biama. Ga"' pd amtga" ci gga"-
A long far he has I I was saying, said, they say. And as he was going again so
time back reached for me
biamA. Cdfu ct6 AoaskAbe te ha', a-biamA. Ed4cega" a incAge, A-biamA. 3
they say. There even let him stick said, they say. What were you I venerable said, they say.
Na! pIcpafan, eddha-mAji. Kan'ge i"'hi Aha",
Why grandchild, I said what I not. Near at hand has
reached for me
ehi minkd, ing 6, A-biamA.
I was saying, 0 first said, they say.
Ga"' ci 0 amA ci egan-biamA. COdu ct6 a askabe te ha', A-biamA. Eddcega"
And again he was again so they say. There even let him stick said, they say. What were
going you saying
a i"c'Age, A-biamA. Cdu ct6 A askabe, ehA A-biamA (Ictinike akA). 6
I venerable man, said, they say. There even he sticks, I said, said, they say. Ictinike the (sub.).
Mactcin'ge akA jan' t6 Aaskaba-biamA.
Rabbit the (sub.) tree the stuck to it they say.
Ga"' wafaha t6 a4aha-bi egan'
And clothing the he put on, they having
ta'wafngan win 6'di ahi-bi ega"' nikagahi ijan'ge wi" gan/'-biam4.
nation one there arrived, having chief his daughter one he married, they say.
jinga akA waji"'cte aoA-biamA.
young the in a bad humor departed, they say.
Egi e man'ciala uifxidA-biamA ixi dgioe 9
It came to on high she gazed they say when at length
niacinga ga"' ta" amA, qfabd Aaskabe najin' ta" ifa-biami.
person he was stand- they tree sticking to it who was stand- she found him,
ing awhile say, ing they say.
qfabd tM. GaqifaI-bi egan' jan' ko 6Autan-qti ndfa-biamA
tree the Made it fall they having wood the straight towards made a fire, they
(std.ob.) by cutting say (Ig. ob.) say.
(ai to. Ga"' jdgge g'in-biamA dc de tedi.
it to melt. And with her he sat they say fire at the.
cuGd, A-biama. A'
went to said they say.
with him she went they say.
'ha", e 'di ahfi Mde
Yes, there he ar- but
And she cut it, they
At length she caused
Nfaci"ga win 'Agfean'f
Person one caused me to
akA aixai, A-biamA.
the married said they say.
(sub.) him she
wAoixe uqi"'a fd ama an' Mactcin'ge ijin'ge
to marry a sulky about go who did, they Rabbit his son
juige agff, d-hnan-biamA, sahide-hnan'-biamA.
with him she has said habitu- they say, ridiculing habitually they say.
come home ally her
Ga"' ahi-biamA. COdi" qiA 15
And he ar- they say. That eagle
rived (my. ob.)
win cusd hau. Mactcii'ge ijin'ge da"be 4gan te, A-biamA.
one goes to you I Rabbit his son do let him be coming in said, they say.
To shoot theycom-
at it mended
biama. (Mactcin'ge ijin'ge akA kai'g6-qtci ahi-bianmA 31 wA4aha akA
they say. Rabbit his son the near at hand very arrived they say when clothing the
wajifiga igidahani te fi t6, huitan-biamA Ictinike akA gA-biamA: GAqtan- 18
bird knew its own coming cried they say. Ictinike the said, as follows, They always
the (hooted) (sub.) they say:
hnani ha. Qfiji dga" gfin'i-ga, A-biama.)
do so Silent so sit ye said, they say.
Cuao qiA wi" halid, A-biamA.
Goes to eagle one said, they say.
52 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES. AND LETTERS.
Mactcif'ge ijif'ge 6anbe Agajii-ga hau, A-biama. Ictinike amA d(a"be
Rabbit his son to come in command ye said, they say. Ictinike the (my. comng\in
sight sub.) sight
ahf-biam. AimustA-qti ihe ama. Kida-bi egan' muonan-biamA. &Uakn
arrived, they say. Directly above it passed they He shot at it, having he missed it, they say. this one
say. they say
3 Ama akA 6anbe ahi-biamA. Ga'te-qti q5i danbe ahi-bi [i hifuga fda"-
the other one in sight arrived, they say. A great while when in sight arrived when tribal circle right
beajA-qti gawi xe mani"'-biamA qi ami. K de ( da-biama 3i t'da-
through the circled around walked they say eagle the (my. Shot at with they say when killed
middle sub.). him force him
biamA. Wubh t'dfai hau, A-biami. T nai'! Mactein'ge ijin'ge 4 aka 3i,
they say. Wuhul he killed I said, they say. Why! Rabbit his son that the one when,
6 A-biama. T'& ai t6 ucka"' dan'di ahi-bi [i hinqpd wi" uifqpa0A-bikdamA.
said, they say. He killed it deed the (place) arrived, when fine feather one had fallen, they say.
where they say
(iza-biam O. GAk6 ihdU a-ga, A-biama, wa'u d waka-bi ega"'. Qi A fkinA-
He took it, they That put it away, said they say, woman that he meant, having. Eagle contended
say. (Ig.ob.) he they say for
biamA nfaci"ga b(Alga. Igasani q [ an"ba amA MAca" ihdoa06 ko da"bA-ga
they say men all. The next day when day they say. Feather you put away the look at it
ha, A-biamA. Da"ba-biama. Hi"+! A-biamA. (oaquba-biamA. J( inki
said, they say. Saw it, they say. Oh! said they say. Spoke in wonder, they This one
she say. who
qiA biiga-qti-a"' inkd, A-biamA. Inc'Age di"n ma"nin'-gA, A-biamA. Ga'
eagle the whole the one said they say. Venerable take it to him said they say. And
who, she man he
d6in ahi-biamA. Egasani T, Cue d qi~A wi" had, A-biamA. Mactcin'ge ijin'ge
having she arrived, they The following when, Goes eagle one I said, they say. Rabbit his son
it for say. day to you
12 doanbe Agajfi ga hau, A-biama. Ictinike amA 4danbe ahf-biamA. Amusta-
to appear command ye said, they say. Ictinike the (my. in sight arrived, they say. Directly
qti fhe amA. Kida-bi ega"' muona"-biamA. (tIakA Ama akA Oa"be ahi-
above it they He shot at it, having he missed it they say. This one the other one in sight ar-
passed say. they say. rived
biamA. Gan't6-qti i[i da"be ahi-bi 31 hliiuga fdanbeaa-qti gawin'xe
they say. A great while when in sight arrived, when tribal circle right through the circled around
they say middle
15 ma"nin'-biama qi0A ama. Kide (6da-biamnA [i t'da-biamA. Wuhi! t'dfai
walked they say eagle the (my. Shot at with force, they when he killed him, they Wnhun he killed
sub.). him say say. him
hau, A-biamA. T na'I Mactcin'ge ijin'ge 6 akA 3i, A-biamA. T'doai t6
I said, they say. Whyl Rabbit his son that the one when, (?) said, they say. He killed it
ucka"' oan'di ahi-bi :i hi"qpd win uifqpaA-bikdamA. (izA-biamA. GA-
deed the (place) arrived, when light feather one was falling they say. He took it, they say. That
where they say
18 ko ihd8a-ga Egasani i an'ba ama. MAca" ihdoaSe kU da"bA-ga ha,
(lg. ob.) put it away. The next day when day they say. Feather you put away the look at it
A-biama. DanbA-biamA. Hi"+! A-biamA. (aquba-biamA. (eoinkd qi
said, they say. Saw it they say. Oh said they say. Spoke in wonder, they This one eage
boiga-qti-a"' ifink, A-biami.
e whole the one said they say.
Inc'Age 6jin man"iff-gg, A-biamA.
Venerable take it to him, said they say.
Ga"' d i"
it for him
THE YOUNG RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
ahf-biamA. egasani VY, Cud qitA win hau, A-biamA. Mactcifi'ge ijin'ge
arrived, they say. The next day when, Goes to eagle one said, they say. Rabbit his son
ianbe Agajfi-ga hail, A-biama. Ictinike amA 6qanbe ahi-biamA. AmustA-qti
to appear command ye I said, they say. Iotinike the (my. in sight arrived, they say. Directly above
ihe amA. Kfda-bi ega"' m'ona"-biama. ( akA Ama akA da"nbe ahi-biamA. 3
it passed, they He shot at it, having he missed it they say. his one the other one in sight arrived, they say.
say. they say
Gai't6-qti Ti &da"be ahi bi 3[i hIIuga idanbeajA-qti gawin'xe man in'-biamA
A great while when in sight arrived, when tribal circle right through the circled around walked they say
they say middle
qig t amA. Kfde 04da-biamA !i t'6da-biama. Wuhu! t'd.ai hau, A-biamA.
eagle the (m. He shot with force, they when he killed him, they Wuhul he killed I said, they say.
sub.). at him say say. him
Tan'! Mactcin'ge ijin'ge 4 akA 3[i, A-biamA T'dfai t6 uckan' &an'di ahi-bi 6
Why! Rabbit his son that the when said, they say. He killed it deed the (place) arrived
(sub.) (1) where they say
ifi hi"qpd win upiqpajA-bikdamA. (izA-biama. GAkU ihta-gA. Igasani
when light one was falling, they say. He took it, they say. That put it away. The next
feather (1g. oh.) day
San'ba amA. MAcan ihh4ae 6 k dan"b-ga hla', A-biama. Da"bA-biamA.
when day, they say. Feather you put away the look at it said, they say. Saw it they say.
Hin+! A-biamA. (aquba-biama. (dfinki qi(A bfiga-qti-a=' inkd, 9
Oh! said she, they say. Spoke in wonder, they say. This one eagle te whole the one who,
A-biamA. Inc'Age 6di" manuin'-gg, A-biamA. Ga"' din ahi-biamA. Egasani
said they say. Venerable take it to him, said they say, And having arrived, they say. The next
she man he it for him day
ai, Cued qi0A win ha-t, A-biamA. Mactcin'ge ijin'ge 6fanbe Agajfi-ga ha6,
when, Goes to eagle one said, they. Rabbit his son to appear command ye I
A-biamA. Ictinike ama d6a"be ahf-biamA. AmustA-qti ihe amA. Kida-bi 12
said, they say. Iotinike the (mv. in sight arrived, they say. Directly above it passed they He shot at it
sub.) say. they say
egan' muonan-biamA. Ama akA d6a"be ahi-biamA. Gan't6-qti qi d(a"be
having he missed it they say. The other in sight arrived, they say. A great while when in sight
ahf-bi II hduuga fda"beajA-qti gawin'xe manpin/-biamA qiA amA. Kide
arrived, when tribal circle right through the circled around walked they say eagle the (my. He shot
they say middle sub.). at him
4 f a-biamA qi t'dfa-biamA Wuhub t'dgai haii, A-biamA. Tr na'! Mactcifnge 15
with force, they when he killed him, they Wuhul he killed I said, they say. Why I Rabbit
say say. him
ijif'ge 6 akA 3[i, A-biamA. T'dai t6 ucka'' Can'di ahi-bi qi hinqpi win
his son that the when, said, they say. He killed it deed te (place) arrived, when light one
(sub.) (0) where they say feather
uqfqpaoA-bikdamA. (izA-biamA. GAk6 ih(da-g. iegasani f4n an'ba
was falling, they say. He took it, they say. That(lg. ob.) put it away. The next day when day
amA. MAca" ihdca kU danbA-ga ha', A-biamA. DanbA-biamA. B[in+! 18
they say. Feather you put away the look at it said, they say. Saw it they say. Oh!
A-biamA. (aqiba-biamA. (JX4ink qipA boAga-qti-an' ginkd, A-biamA.
said they say. Spoke in wonder, they This one eagle the whole the one who said they say.
she say. she
Inc'Age din ma"fin/-gq, A-biamA. Gan' d4in ahi-biami. Ki, Ahad! A-biamA.
Venerable take it to him, said they say. And having arrived, they say. And, Welll said, they say.
man he it for him
54 THE QEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS,
(dxe-gan iu cdtW i"c'age wawAci-de i"'i" agi te, a-biama. Ga"' ean'ba ama
Drum that venerable employ some one, for me let him said, they say. And that day it was,
(ob.) man and bring it home they say
Yi Ictinike akA lahipezi poji'-qti A6ahA-bi t6 ama. Ki Mactcin'ge ijin'ge
when Ictinike the an old, worn bad very he had put on, they say. And Rabbit his son
(sub.) piece of tent-skin
3 e w6Aaha A ahai Mde gi'i tA akama. Ga"' nanonuida-biamA wan'gife. Ci
that clothing he wore but he was about to give it And he kicked it off, they say all. Again
(one) back, they say.
Ahnaha tiga" Ahnaha g#iza-ga ha, cet6, A-biama Mactcin'ge ijifi'ge aka.
you wear in order that you wear it take your own that said, they say Rabbit his son the
Ga"' 'i-biamA. e wAggizA-biamA. A paha-bi ega"' 6ginaji"'-biama, hinbd
And he gave it to hat he took his own, they Put on, they having ho stood in his own, they moc-
him, they say. say. say say, casi
6 cti ulan'-biama. Ga"' Mactcifi'ge ijin'ge akA dxe-ga-[y utin'wakiA-bi egan'
too he put on, they say. And Rabbit his son the drum caused them to strike having
Ictinike ma"'ci e4kioA-biamA.
Ictinike high sent him they say.
biamA. Ga"' gat'd amA.
they say. And died by falling,
Ga"' wdahide hi 3i el~ta" uqpqa6 giki4a-
And far arrived when thence to fall caused him to
This myth follows directly after the preceding one, in which the elder Rabbit
gives his son the wonderful clothing.
Ictinike is doubtless the joiwere Ictinike. The lowas say that Ictinike was the
son of Pi, the Sun. Ictinike was guilty of the sin of Ham, and was therefore expelled
from the upper world. He is usually the deceiver of the human race, and once he is
the benefactor of a few persons. The Iowas say that he taught the Indians all the
bad things which they know. According to an Omaha myth, he taught all the war
customs. In one myth (No. 13) he is himself overreached by other animals. In the
myth of Haxige Ictinike assumes the form of Hega, the Buzzard.
50, 9. ceou ct6 agaskabe te ha (let him) stick even there where you are.
51, 4. ifigoo, contraction by degrees from iligoan hal; ifig hau; ifng af; iligfo
Compare the pronunciation of gaqa-uyici (almost "gaq64ici").
51, 7. Ictinike took the Rabbit's son's clothing while he was up the tree; and
ran away with it, pretending to be the Rabbit's son.
52, 5. Mactcifige ijfige 6 aka [i. Sanssouci said that it denoted the surprise of the
people, who did not know that it was the Rabbit's son who had come among them:
"Why, when that one is the Rabbit's son (we did not recognize him at first)I"
52, 6. hi"qpe wi" u4iqpaaa-bik6amd, literally; fine feather, one, it lay (ke), they say
(biama), having been caused to fall (uoiqpa 6).
52, 7. qifa ikina-biama, etc. All the men contended for the Eagle, each one
struggling to get the most feathers, and to keep the others away. The whole Eagle
was there, the Rabbit's son having turned it into a light feather on the preceding
day by magic.
54, 1. iPin agf te denotes that the men who brought the drum lived in the lodge
with the Rabbit's son. Sanssouci prefers to read, "i" i" a-i tai," let them who live
THE YOUNG RABBIT AND ICTINIKE.
elsewhere, not here, bring it to me; or, "i"9i"wakif to ha," let him cause them to
bring it to me.
54, 1. i'c'Age, his wife's father.
54, 3. ci ahnaha tega ahnaha gfiza-gA hb, ce te. It refers to Ictinike's old cloth-
ing, which he had left when he ran off with the good clothing of the Rabbit's son.
54, 5. figinajin-biama implies a plural animate object, i. e., the birds on his cloth-
ing. Ordinarily, uginajin-biama is the proper word.
The first day that Nudan-axa told this myth, he said as follows: "The old men
beat the drum once, and Ictinike jumped up. When they beat it the second time,
Ictinike leaped higher. Then he leaped still higher when they struck it the third time.
".Stop! stop!" said Ictinike to the Rabbit's son. But the Rabbit's son made the men
beat the drum the fourth time, when Ictinike jumped so high, that when he came down
he struck the ground and the shock killed him." Sanssouci never heard this of the
Rabbit, but of Wahawicige, the Orphan, as Mac'awakude told me once.
At length the Rabbit met Ictinike suddenly. "Wuhu+! O grandchild! O grand-
child!" said Ictinike. "Venerable man, what would you say?" said the Rabbit.
" O grandchild, kill for me the one bird that is sitting down on its way homeward,"
said he. And the Rabbit shot at it. He shot it through the body, the arrow
coming out on the other side. It came falling. It lodged in a tree. "O grandchild!
pity me, your relation. O grandchild! O grandchild! pity me, your relation, again,"
said he. "No, venerable man, I will abandon it. Go thou and take it," he said.
"No, O grandchild, the arrow is very good, but if you do not take it, who shall have
it?" said he. "Really!" said he, "the venerable man truly wishes to have his way!"
And he pulled off all of his clothing. He went climbing the tree. "Even there
where you are, let him stick!" said Ictinike. "What were you saying, venerable
man?" said the Rabbit. "Why, grandchild! I said nothing. I was saying 'He
has gone far for me for a long time!'" And as he was going (up the tree) it was so
again. "Stick even there where you are!" he said. "What were you saying, vener-
able man ?" said he. "Why, grandchild! I said nothing. I was saying He has gone
far for me for a long time!'" he said. And as he was going it was so again. "Stick
even there where you are!" he said. What were you saying, venerable man?" said
he. "Why, grandchild! I said nothing. O first-born son! I was saying 'He has nearly
reached it for me!'" he said. And again as he was going, it was so again. "Stick
even there where you are!" said he. "What were you saying, venerable man?" he
said. "I said, 'Stick even there where you are!"' The Rabbit stuck to the tree.
And having put on the clothing, Ictinike went to a village, and married one of
the chief's daughters. The younger one departed in a bad humor. It came to pass
that she gazed on high, and behold a person was standing awhile; she found him
standing sticking to the tree. And she cut down the tree. And having made it fall
by cutting, she made a fire all along the (fallen) tree. And she caused (the glue?) to
melt. And he sat with her by the fire. "A person who made me suffer very much
went to you," he said. Yes," said she, he arrived, but my elder sister took him for
her husband." And she went homeward with him. This one who was sulky about
marrying a man, and went away, has come back with the son of the Rabbit," they
56 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
were saying, ridiculing her. And they arrived. "That moving animate object, an
eagle, goes to you! Do let the Rabbit's son come in sight," they said, referring to
Ictinike. They commanded (some one) to shoot at it. When the Rabbit's son arrived
very near at band, the birds on the clothing knew his coming, and cried out. Ictinike
said as follows: They always do so. Sit ye in silence," he said. "An eagle goes
to you.!" said they (the villagers). "Command ye the Rabbit's son to appear,"
they said. Ictinike came in sight. It passed directly above him. He shot at it and
missed it. This other one (the Rabbit's son) came in sight. When he had been
in sight a very great while, it (the eagle) went circling around at the very center
of the tribal circle. When he shot at it with force, he killed it. Wuhu he killed it.
Why! that one is the Rabbit's son," they said (or, that one ought to be the Rabbit's
son). When they reached the place where it was killed, a fine feather had fallen. He
took it. Put that away," said he, meaning the woman (i. e., as the one he addressed).
All the men contended for the eagle. On the morrow it was day. Look at the feather
which you put away," said he. She looked at it. She said, "Oh!" She spoke in wonder.
"This is the whole eagle," said she. "Take it to the venerable man (your father),"
said he. And she took it to him. On the following day, they said, "An eagle goes
to you! Command ye the Rabbit's son to appear." Ictinike came in sight. It passed
directly above him. He shot at it and missed it. This other one came in sight.
When he had been in sight a very great while, it went circling around at the very
center of the tribal circle. When he shot at it with force, he killed it. "Wuhu he
killed it. Why, that one is the Rabbit's son!" said they. When they reached the
place where it was killed, a fine feather had fallen. He took it. Put that away,"
said he. On the morrow it was day. Look at the feather which you put away," said
he. She looked at it. She said, Oh!" She spoke in wonder. This is the whole
eagle," said she. "Take it to the venerable man," said he. And she took it to him.
On the following day they said, "An eagle goes to you! Command ye the Rabbit's
son to appear." Ictinike came in sight. It passed directly over him. He shot at it
and missed it. This other one came in sight. When he had been in sight a very great
while, it went circling around at the very center of the tribal circle. When he shot
at it with force, he killed it. Wuhu! he killed it. Why, that one is the Rabbit's
son," said they. When they reached the place where it was killed a fine feather had
fallen. He took it. Put that away," said he. On the morrow it was day. Look
at the feather which you put away," said he. She looked at it. She said, "Oh!" She
spoke in wonder. "This is the whole eagle," said she. "Take it to the venerable
man," said he. And she took it to him. On the following day they said, "An eagle
goes to you! Command ye the Rabbit's son to appear." Ictinike came in sight. It
passed directly above him. He shot at it and missed it. This other one came in sight.
When he had been in sight a very great while, it went circling around at the very
center of the tribal circle. When he shot at it with force, he killed it. Wuhu! he
killed it. Why, that one is the liabbit's son!" they said. When they reached the
place where it was killed, a fine feather had fallen. He took it. Put that away."
On the following morning it was day. Look at the feather which you put away,"
said he. She looked at it. She said, Oh!" She spoke in wonder. "This is the
whole eagle," she said. Take it to the venerable man," said he. And she took it to
him. And he (the Rabbit) said, "Well! Let the venerable man employ some persons
SIQEMAKAN'S ADVENTURE AS A DEER. 57
to bring the drums hither for me." And on that day Ictinike had put on a very bad
and worn-out piece of an old tent-skin. And he had worn the clothing of the Rabbit's
son, but he was about to give it back to him. And he kicked off all (i. e., the Rabbit
kicked off what he had on, Ictinike's former clothing.) "Take that your own again
in order to wear it," said the Rabbit's son. And he gave it to him. The Rabbit took
that, his own. Having put it on, he stood in his own (clothing), he also put on (his)
moccasins. And the Rabbit's son having caused them to beat the drums, sent
Ictinike up high in the air. And when he reached a distant point, he caused him to
come back falling thence. And Ictinike died by falling.
SI(EMAKA`'S ADVENTURE AS A DEER.
TOLD BY JIA4I-NA"PAJI, AN OMAHA.
Sid4maka" i[a"' jig&e jugig#A-biami enA-qtci. Egife wa'- faAbfi"
Sitemaka his dwelt in he with his they say alone. It happened woman three
grandmother a lodge own
aed amama. Sifimaka"-d, wa'4 afigae taf he, A-biama. Hin+! winan,
were going, they say. Si emaka 01 to hoe we go will said they say. Ohl first daughter
fdk6 wakdg edegan' (AfuhA-qtci in't'e hd, A-biami i:yan' akA. (ajAi V 3
this sick but nearly dead to said, they say his the Yo doubt if
(1g. oh.) me grandmother (sub.).
dan"bi-a hd, fdk7, a-biama. Dan"b-bi qi maqide a"n'ha kW'di ca"'-qti
look at him this the said they say. They saw they when ashes edge by the just so
(1g. ob.) she him say
uifdatan ja"'-biamA, xagd ja"'-biamA Si emaka" akA, Ha"! han! ha"!
turning himself he lay they say, crying he lay they say Sitemaka" the (sub.), Ha hal ha'!
DanbA-biama wa'ui Abfin akA. Hin+! ci[a"', wi'ke-qtci-a"' wa'djifga. 6
They saw they say woman three the (sub.). Oh! husband's she told the exact truth old woman.
(a uha-qtci t'd kd, a -biamA. AgA-biamA wa'ui abi"n amA. An"'a-
Nearly very dead he lies, said, they say. Went they say woman three the (sub.). They left
biamA. An"'a a4A-bi [i Si dmaka" akA pahan AtiAfa-biama. NanhA,
they say. Leaving him they they when Sisemakas the (sub.) arose suddenly they say. Grand-
went say mother.
cdk6 Iaornin'g#ickahA ijiha in't"i -g6 A-biamA. Gi'i dfa-biamA. Sid-- 9
that spotted fawn skin bag band to me said they say. Gave suddenly they say. Site-
(lg. ob.) he, him
makan bfiga uginajin'-biamA, lAqti gaxA-biamA. Egan id baha'-qti
maka" the whole stood in his own they say, deer made they say. So side middle of very
a"n ma"' win ubAxa" gaxA-biamA, i wamf gaxA-biamA. Naf'ge ga"
the arrow one sticking in made they say, mouth blood made they say. Running so
afA-biamA Wa'i Abfin wa'd-ma-,a ahf-biamA. Hanbifi'ge wa'd man2i"'- 12
he went, they say. Woman three those hoeing to arrived they say. Beans hoeing waed
biamA wa'ui amA. Hin+! cihan', ~Aqti win (e t'dP -qtian' f i" he, A-biama.
they say woman the (sub.). Oh! brother's deer one this badly wounded he is com- said they say.
wife ing she
58 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Ai"u' a#A-biama. Ca"' wani'gi-qti wa'A am4d iqa-biam4. Afi"' afA-bi
Having they went, they say. And a very woman the (sub.) chased it, they say. Having they went
him him they say,
ga"' utin' i1 gaona'gi ga"' wdahid6'-qti wA ni" ahi-biama.
so they hit when missed when it so far very having he arrived, they
got to him them say.
Going round coming
3 biamA Sildmaka" ama. Agf-bi ega"n' jiha ginan'onudd-bi ega"' hanbqin'ge
theysay Si4emaka" the (sub.). Coming back, having bag pulled off they having beans
they say say
itdgi06 uji-biamA ujiha k6. 'I"' #d#a-bi ega"' ag~A-biam6 i[an"' ifikd
putting put in they say bag the Carried sud- they having he went they say. his the (ob.)
together (ob.). denly say homeward grandmother
gilad6. I[a"' ifik6'di 'i' aki-biamA.
drew near His to the carrying he reached home,
his own. grandmother they say.
6 ihdUa-ga, A-biamA. QAde nan'de ki
put away, said they say. Grass side of tent at
biamA. KI wa'ui oAbqin agf-biamA.
they say. And woman three coming back,
Ha"ha, diaka Ajiha
Grand- this one sack
i'a dgih id0a-biama, Anaqo ihdta-
the headlong she sent they say, hiding she put it
Na! wa'Ajinga ijciepa ha"ba ii'ge
Why! old woman your grand- beans
aflif'ai ta"'cti waf'gice'-qti wd'in agfi t6 hd, A-biama.
we hoed for heretofore all very carrying was coming said, they say.
ourselves for us back she
9 an'kaji'-qti-an hd.
not so very
(Qdk wakdge ctanbai t6 ca"can'-qti-an hd, a-biamA.
This sick you saw as he continues very said they say.
(1g. ob.) she
Da"bA-biamA N[i, Hin+! cia"', wifn'k-qti-an hd, n44uhA-qtci t'd ke hd,
They saw they say when, Oh! brother's she told the exact truth nearly very dead helies
A-biamA. Ag4A-biamA wa'
said they say. Went they say woman
12 Wa(Ate juigiggA-biama xa
Eating he with his they say. Grand
A amA. HanhA, kd, uhan'-ga, a-biama.
an the (sub.). Grandmother, come, cook them, said they say.
"hA, uAgacan btd te, a-biamA. Man'd& k6
mother, I travel I go will said they say. Bow the
gofza-bi egan' atA-biamA. Can'-qti qAde ckube siddhi ckAbe Adan-qti
took his they having hewent, they say. All at once grass deep siduhi deep good very
an e'di ahf-biamA. QAde *ibdi ian"'-biamA. Can'-qtci ag 4 amA. Akf-
the there he they say. Grass he made it round they say. All at once he went they say. Reached
(ob.) arrived homeward home
15 bi ega"' xagd-hna" gAxe gin'-biamA. E ta" (axAge A, a-biami iNa"'
they having crying regu- made he sat they say. Why you cry I said they say his grand-
say larly she mother
An'ha", [anhA, Acka" wi" an/bahi dde tdqi higaji, a-biamA. EdAda"
Yes, grand- deed one Iam picked but difficult not a little, said, they say. What
mother, out he
tdqi qi ga"' uond te hd, A-biamA. [anhA, watefgaxe an'bahi, A-biama.
difficult if so you tellit will said, they say. Grandmother, to dance I am picked said, they say.
she out, he
18 Ede, 5[anhA, A aze jAwigigpe te af, A-biamA. Awate tdqi tW ga"r' 'di
But grandmother, to chorus I with you will they he they say. Where difficult the still there
said, said (ob.)'
angAie td, A-biamA wa'Ajinga akA. E'di ahf-biamA i, )"ganh, e dde
we go will, said, they say old woman the (sub.). There arrived, they say when, Grandmother, this but
SIJEMAKAN'S ADVENTURE AS A DEER. 59
nan'te ~ictan' AkiAgoai ke, A-biama. Ca"'-qti ga" man'd6 jin'ga gifza-
dancing finished they have gone saidthehey say. All at once bow little took his
homeward he own
bi ega"' nanti-biamn. 14a"' i inkW azA-biamA. Iyan"' ifik uiiggiqi-
they having he danced they say. His grand- the chorused they say. His grand- the he made sport
say mother (st. one) mother (st. one) of his own
Sanssouci said that Mactcinge-i", the Rabbit, was Sifemakan. The latter name
cannot be translated, the meaning being unknown.
57, 9. laonifgfickaha, i. e., paqti jifiga, ha k6 gfeje, the spotted skin of a fawn.
57, 10. fi6 baha'', the projecting part of the side of an animal. The side of a
human being cannot have this term applied to it.
58, 2. uti" gacnan'gi to strike at an object, missing it when the weapon reaches it.
58, 3. ujiha gina"onuda-bi, he pulled off his skin (or sack) by the feet.
58, 4. 'i" oeqa-bi, he put it on his back suddenly. Gijade shows that his lodge
was near the place where he stole the beans.
58, 8. The reply of the old woman to the three was in a quavering voice.
58, 13. siduhi. See Dictionary.
58, 14. Qade fibul ifan-biama. F. La Fleche read, QAde ki'di fibu4 ifa"-biama:
Grass, on the, he became round (by pulling his legs and body together as he lay down).
58, 16. anbahi, from bahi, to pick up, gather up; used here instead of a"a"ha, I
59, 3. gafin-na"paji said that the rest of this myth was "shameful," so he would
not tell it.
Sifemakal dwelt alone in a lodge with his grandmother. It came to pass that
three women were going (along). "O Sifemakan," said they, "we are going to hoe
(our ground)." "Oh! first daughter, this one lies sick and he is nearly dead to me,"
said his grandmother. "If you doubt it, look at him as he is lying." When they
saw him, just so was he lying, turning himself by the edge of the ashes. Site-
makan lay crying, "Ha"! han! ha"!" The three women saw him. "Oh! husband's
sister, the old woman told the exact truth. He lies very nearly dead," said one. The
three women departed. They left him. When they went and left him, Sifemaka"
arose suddenly. "Grandmother, hand to me that spotted fawn-skin bag," he said.
She tossed it to him suddenly. Siiemakan stood in the whole of it, he became a
deer. He made an arrow sticking right in the middle of his side; he made his
mouth bloody. So he went running. He reached the women who were hoeing. The
women went along hoeing beans. "Oh! brother's wife, this deer is coming badly
wounded," said one. They went along with it. And all the women chased it. Having
gone along with it, they hit at it and missed it, the weapon striking in the air.
So he took them to a very great distance. Going around them. Sifemakan was return-
ing. Having returned he pulled off his sack at the feet, and collecting the beans he
put them in the sack. Putting it on his back suddenly, he went homeward to his grand-
mother, who was near by. He carried it home to his grandmother. "Grandmother,
put this sack in a hiding-place," said he. She plunged it suddenly under the grass at
60 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
the side of the lodge; she put it away and hid it. And the three women returned.
"Why! old woman, your grandchild was coming back hither carrying away from us all
the beans that we had been hoeing for ourselves," they said. "Oh! first daughter, it is
not so at all. This one lying sick continues just as you saw him," said she. When they
saw him they said, "Oh! brother's wife, she told the exact truth. He lies very nearly
dead." The women went homeward. "Grandmother, come, cook them," said he. He
ate them with her. "Grandmother, I will go traveling," said he. Having taken his
bow he departed. All at once he arrived at the very good and deep siduhi (deep grass).
He became round, lying curled up in the grass. All at once he went homeward. l having
reached home, he sat pretending to be crying. "Why do you cry ?" said his grand-
mother. "Yes, grandmother, I am selected for a deed, but it is very difficult," said
he. "If anything is difficult, still you will tell it," said she. "Grandmother, I am
selected for a dance. But, grandmother, I must take you with me to sing the chorus,"
said he. "Let us go where the difficult thing is," said the old woman. When they
arrived there he said, "Grandmother, this is it, but they have finished dancing and
gone homeward." All at once he took his little bow and danced. His grandmother
(sitting) sang the chorus. He made sport of (deceived) his grandmother ........
ICTINIKE, THE TURKEYS, TURTLE, AND ELK.
TOLD BY dA In-NAnPAI.
Zizika d'uba 6di amama higact6wan"ji. Man" edg ma"'ciadf-qti man'sa-
Turkey some there were, they by no means a few. Ground edge very high arrow-
qti ma"'tadf-qti wabdhi amAma. Ictinike amA 6'di 4 amA. Wia-bi ega"'
weed altogether within they were feeding, they Ictinike the there went they Foundthem, having
say. (sub.) say. they say
3 can'-qti bamimaxe qA a agf-biama. Eita" aman wi boAt etida", e44ga"-bi
at once bending his head back he was coming, How I do I I eat apt thought, they
repeatedly again they say. say
ega"' wdigea" gaxA-biami. Can'-qti mib[-ha waii"' betan'tan-bi ega"' f'i"
having decision he made they say. At once raccoon-skin robe rolled up several having some-
times, they say thing
gaxA-biamA. 'In'-bi egan' ca"'-qti 1ai0'-biama. Zizika wabahi-ma
he made, they say. Carried, having at once he ran they say. Turkey feeding the
they say ones
6 wina'u-qtci an"i"'-biamA. Wuhu+! i"c'age 'a"' egan. Da"bai-gt, A-biamA
passing close by he ran they say. Wuhu. old man something is See him, said, they say
tnem tue matter.
Zizika amA. NA! inc'Age 'an' dinte, A-biamd. A"'han, ga"-
Turkey the Why venerable something may said they, they Yes, it is
(sub.). man be the matter say.
Ictinike akA. Ta"'wang a" d'dba ewdquqa te ai Sga",
Ictinike the (sub.). Village some I sing for them will said having,
9 wa'a"' t6 agi'i" Ai"hd A a, a-biama. Uhd! inc'age, afigu'
song the I have been carrying indeed, said they say. Oho! venerable we
(ob.) mine he man.
just so, said, they say
come for me having
cti annan't dga"
too we dance some-
ICTINIKE, THE TURKEYS, TURTLE, AND ELK.
tai, A-biamA Zizika amA. An'kaji, awAnaq i'-qti ma"b i"', A-biamA Ictinike
will, said, they say Turkey the (sub.). Not so, I in a great hurry I walk, said, they say Ictinike
akA. Angd cti inc'Age anna"'t 6ga" [i hnd te, A-biamA Zizika ama. Wuhu+!
the We too venerable we dance some- when you go may, said, they say Turkey the Wuhu+!
(sub.). man what (sub.).
dada"', awAnaqoi" tcAbe da"'cti fana"'te ctd ctewa" jan' tai, A-biamA Ictinike 3
what, I in a hurry ver heretofore you dance notwithstanding you do will said, they say Ictinike
Haul kd, indakU, ul4win gii-ga, A-biamA Ictinike akA.
Ho! come, let us see, collecting come ye said, they say Ictinike the
they were coming,
said they say.
said, they say I
Gafi'ki waii"' ufib a-biamA.
And robe he pulled they say.
Banding around go ye around me,
LafigA-qti A t in"c, e "an'na'd-qtci ihe anwan'pica" na"tai-ga, 6
Big very ye who move passing very close to passing to go around me dance ye,
:tinike akA. Ict-gip'i"zai-ga Egife ictA iAbfai [i ictA
[ctinike the Eye shut ye Beware eye you open if eye
qijfde taf, A-biamA Ictinike akA.
you red lest, said, they say Ictinike the
lift up and
spread ye out
A-biamA. Hau I kU,
said, they say. Ho I come,
dance ye, said they say.
H wa-da"'-be oin-kw,
Ho looker the one who
_ I I I--- u- 4-
Big very the head
gOin'-biamA Ictinike akA.
sat they say Ictinike the
i cth-ji-dd Hin'-be-hna" ni-'A-ni, hin'-be-hnan" i-'A-ni.
eye red. Tail regularly flirt up, tail regularly flirt up.
a"n iaan-bi ega"' d6 a" n waiqaqa"'-bi ega"' iijiha ujf 12
the he held them, having head the them he pulled offre- having bag filling
(ob.) they say (ob.) peatedly, they say
ljiha gata"'ha uji-biamA, uske'-qti ujf-biamA.
Bag that high he filled, they say, full very he filled, they
Zizika jin'ga snutA-bi Mde ibahan tA amAma, ictAxa xan gaxe main -biama.
Turkey small half-grown, but was about to know it the eyes opened he made he walked they say.
they say as he moved, a little now and then
jganggg ai'gain"' cenAwaoo apaf. DAdan basklte.
Big some- we who destroying us he goes. What angry.
A-biama. K't! An'he aoA-biamA. Haha+1 ga"'b
said they say. (Sound of Fleeing they went, they Hal hal how
he wings.) say.
amA Ictinike akA. Iqa gaski wakan'diOA-biamA.
say Ictinike the Laugh- panted excessively they say.
Gaf'ki ja"'jinfga nAqpe gasA-biamA. d( de t6 dga
And stick roasting- he cut they say. Fire the all
Ictinike akd akddega", 15
Ictinike the it was he stand-
(sub.) ing, but
idan wgnandeLaiOe, A-bi-
asy I fill myself to reple- said, they
tJjiha k6 baqtA-biamA.
Bag the he bound up, they
ixe'-qti wAbasnan-biamA 18
around he put them to they say.
62 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
Nin'dewa6'-qti qi jan' win gakidha" dgan, 'I! A-biama. WabgAte t6'4a
Almost done when tree one raised by the a little, 'I-, said. they say. I eat on ac-
wind count of
wAjeAji mifnk. Eata" aja"' a"'oastAge 6, A-biamA Ictinike akA. (e-hna"'
I am roasting the collec- Why you do you cluck at me 9 said, they say Ictinike the This only
tion. that (sub.).
3 egijan i cubed ta mike, uwitin tA mike, A-biama. E'di ahf-bi 311
you do it if I go to will I who, I hit you will I who, said they say. There he arrived, when
you he they say
can'-qti ijijinjidA-biamA. Gaf'ki nanbd t6 Anasanda-biami. Kagdhd,
at once thrust in his they say. And hand the it closed on they say. Friend,
arm repeatedly (ob.)
itAqa kan'bqa gan cd-ma Kagdha, an' ictan'-ga, A-biamA. Ki fictan'-bji
I laugh I wanted so those. Friend, let me go, said he, they say. And let go not
6 cancan/-biamA. Cd-ma hau+! wadfagiji. GddihehAi-gh hau+! a-biamA,
continued they say. Those halloo I put my own pieces Go ye further away I said he, they say,
there for safety.
Ca"'aniga 4 waka-bi ega"'. Ictinike wadfji 4, A-biamA. Pahan'ga hi
Big wolf that he meant, having. Ictinike he put pieces he said they, they Before reached
they say away for says say.
amA 4ehdqbabe iiabetan n att 'ffa-biamd. Inaxfia a0A-biamA. Akibina"
the ones fat on stomach wrapped to eat spoke of it, they Dashing they went, they Running a race
who around it say. say.
9 (6fa-biamA. i'di ahi-bi ega"' 0aqta-biamA. (asnin'-biamA. (Oasnin'-bi
they went suddenly, There arrived, having they bit it they say. They swallowed it, they They swallowed
they say. they say say. it, they say
ega"' edaAia aA-biamA. Gaf'ki Anasan'de t6 yigficibA-biamA.
having in different they went, they And closed on the it opened itself, they say.
Gan'ki hide ki dga" can-qti jan'jinga k6' gisnibe ihUA gin"'
And bottom got home having at once stick the (ob.) licked his putting was sit-
12 akAma Ictinike aka. (bS amA niifi* ca ni blbuja ioa"'n k6 an"'ha ko
they say Ictinike the e they say lake water several round put the border the
(sub.). went ones (line of) (ob.)
uhA man"in' amA. Egife 5jd1afiga nf a"n'ha k'di 6dedf ifik ama.
following he walked they sag. It happened big turtle water border by the there was sitting, they say.
(izA-biamd sin'de uan"'-bi egan'. Gacibe ain"' ahf-biama. Wdnandea[ig
Took they say tail took hold of, having. Out from having he arrived, they I make myself full
they say it say.
15 tatd Aha" gafi'iji, a-biamA. Jan fiqan'-biama ci. Jan AkastA-qti u'an'-
shall I and then, said he, they say. Wood he broke they say again. Wood piled up high he put in
biamA (Cdde to nAhegaji ga.x-biama. Ganf'ki gafiga maqide t6
they say Fire the (ob.) burning much he made, they say. And big turtle ashes the
mate ioda-biamA. Jdgea"-biamA Ci fatd tA akAma. Nin'deoo kan'ge
under he sent suddenly, He put in the ov. ob. Again he was about to eat it. Cooked near
they say. to roast, they say
18 qi'ji Ictinike akA ja"'tiifi/ge amA. Ajan'ta' an' ,fige. Nin'de 1i
went when Ictinike the (sub.) sleepy they say. I am sleepy. Cooked when
a"'hniqi te, ijan'xehA, A-biama. Jant'6 amA. Ja"tn' amA 3i nikacinga
you awaken will, 0 ane, said they say. He was they say. He was they say when person
me *he sound asleep sound asleep
win' 6'di ahi-biamA. -aNdanga #iza-bi egan' #atA-biamA nikacinga akA.
one there arrived, they say. Big turtle took, they say having ate it, they say person the
ICTINIKE, THE TURKEYS, TURTLE, AND ELK. 63
(asnin'-bi [i can'-qti sihi kU Neha ubAdanda"'-biamA. Na"be t6
Swallowed, they when at once feet the (ob.) turtle he thrust them against it, Hand the
say shell one after another, they say. (ob.)
onin'onind6'-qti giaxa-biamA, I t0' ctt oni"'onindo'-qti giAxa-biama.
greasy (smeared) very he made for him, they mouth the too greasy very he made for him, they
say, (ob.) say.
Nikacinga aoA-biamA. Ictinike f iaA-biamA. GidAhan tie amA. 3
Person went they say. Ictinike awoke they say. He arose suddenly theysay.
Wajedaiji in'najub6'-qti-a" td-ana, A-biamA. Sihi ke pionuda-bi egan'
I roasted the col- it has been cooked entirely said they say. Feet the he pulled out, having
election for myself too much for me he they say
agi-biama. Wanaduge'-qti kd, A-biamA. Na! agoAte ate', 6 ama. Na!
he was coming, (See note.) said they say. Why! I must have eaten said they say. Why!
they say. he mine, he
agoasnim" ajan' ate', amA. Na"be t6 gilan'be ega"', An'ha", agAsnin 6
I swallowed when I must have said they say. Hand the saw his own having, Yes, I have swal-
mine slept he (ob.) lowed
mifikd, A-biamA. Nixa *a" git'a" ihdoa-biamA. A"'ha", iAnand6'-qti-
my own, said they say. Stomach the he felt his own lengthwise, they Yes, I am very
he (ob.) say.
ma"' mifnk, A-biamA. AOA-biamA 3[1 giae An'pa" hegactawan/ji edf-
full indeed, said they say. He went, they say when it came Elk not a few by any means were
he to pass there
mAma. UgAs'i"-bi ega"' wioa-biamA Ictinike akA. HindA! (~-ma 9
they say. Peeped, they say having found them, they say Ictinike the (sub.). Stop! these
awActafika te-ana, e*dgan-biamA. A 'npan Ama fia-bi ega"', (0 aka
I tempt them will I (in hethought they say. Elk the (sub.) found him, having, This one
thought) they say
Ictinike akd akA, A-biama. KAge-safi'ga, wiebi"n aFinhU Aa, A-biama.
Ictinike is the one said they, they Friend younger I am he I who move indeed said they say.
say. brother, he
KAge-safi'ga, 'a"' manhni"' t0 dga"-qti j gwigig(e manbi"' kan'boa, 12
Friend younger how you walk the just so I with you my own I walk I wish,
kAge-san'ga, A-biama Ictinike aka. Hau! inc'Age, uoAde Oing6'qtoi
friend younger said, they say Ictinike the (sub.). Hol venerable cause for none at all
brother, man, complaint
Aha", A-biamA. QAde ddji p'a g6 3I'ji Auta" beAte ma"boi". Aqta"
said they say. Grass weeds bitter the when straight I eat I walk. How pos-
he (ob.) along sible
tatd nan'de itisa tabAda", A-biamA. An'kaji ha, kage-san'ga, ma"hni"' 15
toeat heart thee good shall said they say. Not so friend younger you walk
t0 ga-qti jiwigige manb ij' kan"'ba ab a, A-biamA. Upfhe tatd an'ja
the just so I with you my I walk I wish indeed said they say. You shall have your though
own he way
nikacinga ukt ei" cka"' wecpaha" ja"' ga" cif'gajiiga uhg dwafagihnixide
person common ways you understand so children path you seek for them at our
tate, A-biamA. An'ha", 6cai t dgima" tatd, A-biama Ictinike akA. 18
shall said, they say. Yes, you say the I do that shall said, they say Ictinike the
Haul He-gAzaza, ife-ga, A-biamA. Ahau -biamA. Hau! giidugAq e
Ho! Split-horn, you try it, said they say. Ohol said they say. HoI facing the other
he he way
najifn-ga, a-biama. (id k6 itin ga" apA-bi [i i'a-biamA, Ictfnike
stand, said they say. Side the to hit so went, they when failed they say, Ictinike
he (ob.) on say
64 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
anha-bi ega"'. Wuhi +! ugAxe fingg fnahin, inc'Age, A-biam6. Af'kaji
fled, they say having. Wuhu.! to be done nothing truly, old man, said they say. Not so
ha, kUge-saf'ga, an'ginan'ge iq [ubd ga" aa"'he ha, A-biama. Ci .ga"
friend younger running over me Ifeared so I fed said they say. Again so
3 duba"' gaxA-biama. Wdduba"' tedihi, Hau! tc ~'ji, can'-dAxe ta mike,
four times he did it, they say. The fourth time when it Ho tis when, I stop will I who,
A-biamA. An'han, kge-san'ga, aa"nha-maji tA mfnke, a-biamA Ictinike
said they say. Yes, friend younger I flee I not will I who, said, they say Ictinike
akA. (id iti"-bi egan' dkiga"'-qti jigge aA-biamA, Ictinike a"'p ifan'
the Side hit on, having just like him with him he went, they say, Ictinike elk became
(sub.). they say suddenly
6 ama. IIijil-bi ega"' nanstAstapi manin"'-biami, nikacinga w46 gAxe
they say. Proud, they being stepped lightly, making walked they say, men discov- made
say very little noise ering (pretended)
man"in'-biama 'In/l 6-hnan-biamA.
walked they say. 'I I said regularly, they say.
WAspegaf-ga, i"c'age, dgife dgijan-hnan' te, A-biamA A"'pa" ama.
Do behave, old man, beware you do that regularly lest said, they say Elk the (sub.).
9 Ai'kaji ha, kAge-safl'ga, ifAyijii gan can' Aa, kage-safi'ga, A-biamA
Not so friend younger brother, I am proud as all right indeed friend younger brother, said, they say
Ictfnike akA. Kan'bpa to kAge-san'ga, gga"-qti manbji"' ckan' to,
Ictinike the (sub.). I wish the friend younger brother just so I walk deed the,
A-biama. Can'-qti wafAte manfin'-bi p'a ge fa'i'i gan tciitcu-hna"'-
said they say. All at once eating walked they say bitter the (ob.) he spit out as he spit regularly
he large pieces rapidly
12 biamA. Wa! watite piajiaji'-qtci OatW amidega" n duehe, A-biama. Wa!
they say. Wf! food bad not very those who did eat 1 follow, said they say. WlI
i"c'Age, ed4cega"-hnan' 6, a-biama. Eddha-maji. WaoAte ida" Oatd amd-
venerable man, what were you saying I said they say. I said what I not. Food good those who
dega" 6dudhe a ea, eh ah inh inAa, A-biami. Egioe baxd-qti Ahe A.a-bi
did eat I follow indeed I was saying (as indeed said they say. It came to flat-top very went went, they
I moved) he pass hill over say
15 -i'ji nikaci"ga wdfa-biamA An'pan ama. 'In! A-biama. Hau! Ictfnike,
when person they discovered them, Elk the (sub.). 'I! said, they say. Ho! lotinike,
gfda"bi-ga, A-biamA. E'di afA-bi [i egife nikacinga akama. E'di ahf-
look at for him, said they, they There went they when it came men they were, There arrived
say, say to pass they say.
biamA. Wai" agfi te ece paki te ha, A-biamA jiji ufia-biamA
they say. Having them he is the you say you reach will said they say whisper. told him they say
coming home he ing
18 Ictinike aka nfacinga afnkA Wia inclAge ed4cega" a, a-biamA. 'An
Ictinike the (sub.) person the (pL ob.). Wl I venerable man, what are you ? said they, they What is
saying say. the matter
eddhe ta. Skdwan-qti mahin' baI gfin (an iciki~af eh 4a~i"nh aa,
what I shall? A very long time weeds lump sitting the gave needless I was saying as indeed
say (ob.) trouble I went
a-biama. Egife baxu wi"n ahe afa-bi V 6 gie A"'pan wi" a"'he agi-
said they say. At length flat-top hill one passing went, they when it happened Elk one fleeing was
he over say coming
ICTINIKE, THE TURKEYS, TURTLE, AND ELK.
biam6 ci. Hau! Ictinike, Agudi i-dicpa gfda"bA-gA, A-biamA. E'di
they say again. Ho Ictinike, where your grandchild look at for him said they, they There
ahi-bi ega"' dgife nfkaci"ga akama. Nfkaci"ga wd~e t6 win'k6-qti-a"' te,
arrived, having it came men they were, en found the he told the truth indeed,
they say to pass it is said. them
A-biamA. Ci widaji wi" wdia-biamA. Hau! ti dcpa ci gfda"ba-gA, 3
said theysay. And elsewhere one found them theysay Hol your grandchild again look at for him,
A-biamA. E'di aa -biama. Ci nikacinga akama, wag#Ade-hna"' amA
said they, they There went they say. Again men they were, crawling np on them they
say. it is said say
An'pa"-ma. Ci win'kg-qti-a"', A-biamA. Haul Ictinike, cingajifiga uh4
Elk theones Again he told the truth said they say. Ho! Ictinike, children path
who. indeed he
uwagiidxfda-gE, A-biamA. Ahad! A-biamA. Pahan'ga bi"' a"n'ja dgioe 6
look out for them, said they, they Ohol said they say. Before m though beware
u'eda hnin' tai. 'A"' manb in' t0 a"~ an/wanpahI manhnin' tai, A-biamA. A *i
scatter- you will. How I walk the you follow me you walk shall said theysay. Ridge
ki Ada zage ga"' uhA-biamA. Nfkaci"ga Akiciiga ga"' wina'axe ga"' fhe
the headland so he went they say. Men standing thick so passing close to so passed
adA-biamA Wfebfin, wieb in, g manin"'-biamA Ictinike akA. Bdiga-qti 9
went, they say. It is I, it is I, said walked they say Ictinike the (sub.). All
t'dwatA-biamA. A"'pa" dabiin umitdta-bi Ictinike inioa-hnan'-biamA.
they killed they say. Elk three remained from when Ictinike took refuge only they say.
them shooting, they say with him
Can'-qti hd pan (ioniide e(da-bi egan' wdtin odoa-biamA. An'pa" eifge
All at once horn the pulled off sud- they having hit them sending them off, Elk they call
denly say with them they say. you
taf. Guidiha maninf-gs, A-biama 1
will. Further off wal ye, said they say.
Some say that it was the Orphan or Sieemakan who caught the turkeyA with the
assistance of his grandmother, and that Ictinike killed a bear and roasted it, not the
turkeys. The jehuqcabe shows this, as turkeys have none.-(L. Sanssouci.) The fol-
lowing version of Sifemaka" and the Turkeys is probably of Oto origin. The Dakota
version of this myth makes Ufktomi, the mythical Spider, play the part of Ictinike
(see lapi Oaye for December, 1880).
SIOEMAKAN AND THE TURKEYS.
[Told by Susanne LaFl~he.]
Once there was a young man, named Sifemakan, who lived with his grandmother.
And she told him to get something to eat. "Well, I will get some food, grandmother,"
said he, if you will have the fire ready." So he took his bow and arrows, and also
a bag filled with grass. By and by he saw some Turkeys. "HBo! Sifemaka", what
have you in your bag said they. "I have songs." "Sing us some," said the Turkeys.
"Come and dance for me, and I will sing for you," said he. "But, while dancing, it
66 THE QEGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
will be necessary for you to keep your eyes closed; for if any of you open your eyes,
all of you shall have red eyes." And he commenced to sing:
H6! wa-da"'-be infi-k6 (an, I-cte -ji-de! I-ctcae-ji-de! In'-be fi-ae-
dje! In'- be fi- ar'-dje!
"Beware! he who has seen,
Eyes red! Eyes red!
Spread your tails! Spread your tails!"
The Turkeys danced while he sang this over and over; and as they danced, he
grabbed first one and then another, putting them into his game-bag. But one Turkey,
suspecting something wrong, opened one eye and cried out, "He is killing us all."
Then the surviving Turkeys flew away. The youth took the sack home, and said:
"Grandmother, now I have something. Keep the bag while I go out and get some
water." But the old woman's curiosity proving too great, she opened the bag, and all
the Turkeys but one got away. The old woman, who was blind, held the Turkey by
both legs. When the young man returned, she called out, "Come quickly and help
me. I have two of them." The young man was angry, and reproved her, not allow-
ing her to eat any of the Turkey. And from that time Turkeys have had red eyes.
60, 3. bfat eteda", contracted from bfate etedan.
60, 9. anna"t ega", contracted from annante ega".
61, 13. gataha uji-biama. About four feet deep.
61, 14. zizika jifiga snuta. According to L. Sanssouci, it was not the young Tur-
key that opened its eyes and gave the alarm, but one of the TaPi"'-si-sn6de, the Long-
legged ta"i", a species of snipe. These birds danced with the Turkeys, and they, not
the Turkeys, had their eyes changed to red ones.
61, 16. k'it is whispered.
62, 1. gakiaha". Two branches rubbed against each other, being moved or raised
by the wind.
62, 4. kageha, ioaqa. ... cema: My friend, as I wished to laugh (I said) those
62, 6. ce-ma hau+. The voice is raised and prolonged, it being a call to the
wolves in the distance.
62, 6. wadiagiji-F. LaFleche; but wadiagiji-daai"nanpaji.
62, 6. gddihehdi-g6, contracted from gidiha ihai-g6.
62, 7. pahaiga hi ama, etc. The Wolves agreed among themselves that whoever
was the first to reach the place, could eat the "1ehuqfabe i4abetan."
62, 13. egife qegafiga, etc. White Eagle's (Ponka) version of this myth tells how
Ictinike caught the Big Turtle. "When Ictinike saw the Big Turtle, he drew back
very quietly, and went to a little distance. Then he raised his voice, and called to the
Big Turtle. 'Ho, you over there!' 'What is the matter, venerable man?' said the
ICTINIKE, THE TURKEYS, TURTLE, AND ELK.
Turtle. 'You are in great danger,' said Ictinike. 'The Wakanda have determined to
make a great flood, and the ground will be covered, and you will be drowned.' But
I can live in the water,' said the Turtle. 'But I tell you that there will be great danger
this time for you,' said Ictinike. This time you cannot live in the water.' At length,
after much talking, Ictinike persuaded the Turtle to leave the place where he was near
the water, and to go to the hills. Ictinike went ahead and hid himself in a ravine.
And when the Turtle came crawling along after a while, Ictinike hit him on the head
with a stick as he came up the hill, and killed him."
62, 19. nikacinga win. The person who stole the turtle meat was Mi3asi, the Coyote,
according to the Omaha and Ponka versions; but the Dakota version makes him
Dokcintca, the Mink. White Eagle says that Ictinike found out who was the thief,
and when he met him, he punished him-cum eo coiit.
63, 4. t6-ana. Te is the classifier te, which is lengthened in such expressions.
63, 5. wanadugeqti ke is the Omaha pronunciation of the Oto waqqo3'qtci ke,
the equivalent of the Omaha nindeqtia"' hg. This points to a joiwere original.
64, 19. sk6wa"qti, etc. "I was saying, 'A bunch of weeds was always there, and
deceived them.' "-(Sanssouci.)
65, 1. agudi Oiuucpa gidanba-gg. See for your grandchild where it (the danger)
65, 7. agin kI Adagage ga" uha-biama. The ridge was of a curvilinear form. The
men were in ambush all around, and Ictinike led the Elk all around inside the line of
There were some Turkeys, a great many. They were feeding on the very high
edge of the ground among the arrow-weeds. Ictinike went thither. Having discov-
ered them, he bent his head-at once, and was coming back again (to the place whence
he had started). "How shall I do in order to eat them?" he thought. And he made
a decision. Immediately he rolled up a raccoon-skin robe several times, making it- a
pack for carrying something. He carried it on his back, and ran at once. As he ran,
he passed very close by the Turkeys who were feeding. "Wuhu+! Something is the
matter with the old man. See him," said the Turkeys. "Why! venerable man, what
is the matter?" said they. "Yes, it is just so," said Ictinike. Some villagers having
said that I was to sing dance-songs for them, and having come after me, I have been
carrying my songs (on my back)," said he. "Oho! venerable man, we too will dance
a little," said the Turkeys. ."No, I go in a very great hurry," said Ictinike. "We
too, venerable man, will dance a little, and then you can go," said the Turkeys.
"Wuhu+! what a bother! I was in very much of a hurry, but if you wish to dance,
you shall do it," said Ictinike. "Well! Come, let us see! Come hither in a body,"
said Ictinike. And they came in a body. And he pulled open the robe. "Turn in
your course and go around me. Ye very large ones who are moving along, pass
very close to me as ye go dancing around me. Shut your eyes. Beware lest you open
your eyes, and your eyes become red," said Ictinike. Lift your tails erect, and spread
them out repeatedly (by opening and closing). Well! Come, dance ye," he said. Then
he sang: "Alas for the gazer! His eyes shall be red! His eyes shall be red! Flirtup
your tails! Flirt up your tails!" Having caught hold of the very large ones, and
68 THE (EGIHA LANGUAGE-MYTHS, STORIES, AND LETTERS.
having twisted off their heads in succession, Ictinike sat filling the bag. The bag
he filled that high; he filled it very full. A small half-grown Turkey was about to
comprehend (the situation as he moved along), he walked with his eyes open a little
now and then. "He is destroying the largest ones among us. There is cause for
anger! It is Ictinike who is standing (here), but (we did not recognize him)," he
said. "K'ii!" They went fleeing. "Ha! ha! How easy it is to fill myself to reple-
tion," said Ictinike. He laughed till he panted excessively. He bound up the bag. And
he cut sticks (as) roasting-sticks. He put them (the birds) to roast all around the
fire. When they were almost done, the branch of a tree raised by the wind, said, "'In!"
"I am roasting them on account of my eating. Why do you cluck at me?" said
Ictinike. "If you do this any more, I will go to you and hit you." When he arrived
there (up the tree) he thrust in his arm several times. And it closed on his hands.
"Friend, I wished to jest, so those things (I did and said). Friend, let me go,"
said he. And it continued so without letting him go. "Ho!! those yonder! I put
my own pieces there for safety. Go ye further off!" said he, referring to the Big
Wolves. "Ictinike says that he has put the pieces away for safety," said they
(the Wolves). They promised that those who should be the first to arrive were to
eat the fat wrapped around the stomach. They went dashing towards it. They
went suddenly, running a race. Having arrived there, they bit it. They swallowed
it. Having swallowed it, they departed in different directions. And what closed on
(Ictinike) opened itself. And having reached home at the bottom again, Ictinike
was soon sitting and putting down the sticks as he licked them. He departed and
walked along the shores of a row of round lakes. It happened that a big turtle was
sitting there, by the shore of the lake. He took it, catching hold of the tail. He
took it off to one side. "I will make myself full in a while!" said he. He broke
wood (branches ?) again. He piled up the wood very high, and put it in (the fire).
He made the fire burn very fast. And he put the big turtle very quickly into the
ashes. He put it in to bake, and he was about to eat it. When it was nearly done,
Ictinike was sleepy. "I am sleepy. When it is cooked, you shall awaken me, 0
ane," said he. He slept. While he slept a person arrived there. The person took
the big turtle, and ate it. When he had swallowed it, immediately he took the feet
and thrust them (in their places) against the turtle-shell. He made Ictinike's hands
very greasy for him; he also made his mouth very much smeared with grease. The
person departed. Ictinike awoke. He arose suddenly. "What I roasted for myself
is cooked too much for me!" he said. He pulled out the feet and they were coming to
him. "It is done," said he. "Why! I wonder if I have eaten mine," he said. "Why!
I must have swallowed it and then slept." Having looked at his hands, he said,
"Yes, I have swallowed my own." He felt his stomach lengthwise (that is, running
the hand all along it). "Yes, I am very full indeed after eating," said he. When
he departed, it came to pass that there were a great number of Elk. Having peeped,
Ictinike discovered them. "Stop! I will tempt these!" he thought. The Elk having
discovered him, said, This one is Ictinike." "Friend younger brother, it is I.
Friend younger brother," said Ictinike, "I wish to live just as you do." "Well,
venerable man, there is no reason at all for this!" said one. "When the vegetation
consists of bitter weeds, I eat straight along as I walk (rejecting none). How is it
possible for your heart to feel good when you eat them?" "Not so, friend younger