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Title: Chronological outlines of Jamaica history, 1492-1926
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00081377/00001
 Material Information
Title: Chronological outlines of Jamaica history, 1492-1926
Physical Description: 51 p. : ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Cundall, Frank, 1858-1937
Publisher: Govt. Print. Off.,
Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication: Kingston Jamaica
Publication Date: 1927
Copyright Date: 1927
 Subjects
Subject: History -- Chronology -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Frank Cundall.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00081377
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - ADF8363
oclc - 02199052
alephbibnum - 000628838

Table of Contents
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Half Title
        Half Title 1
        Half Title 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Preface
        Page 1
    Chronological outlines of Jamaica history
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
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        Page 45
        Page 46
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        Page 48
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        Page 50
        Page 51
    Back Matter
        Page 52
        Page 53
Full Text










UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES















CHRONOLOGICAL


OUTLINES


OF


JAMAICA


HISTORY


1492-1926.


If-










CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES OF

JAMAICA HISTORY.

1492-1926.


BY

FRANK CUNDALL, F.S.A., F.R.HiSt.S.,
SECRETARY AND LIBRARIAN OF THE INSTITUTE OF JAMAICA.


KINGSTON JAMAICA :
PRINTED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
FOR THE INSTITUTE OF JAMAICA.
1927.






THIS VOLUME HAS BEEN
IICROF ILMED
BY THE UNIVERSITY OF
FLORIDA LIBRARIES.




LATIN
AMIUICA






i-


















PREFACE.



As it has been decided by the Government that the greater part of the Chronological
Outlines of Jamaica History, which have appeared in the "Handbook of Jamaica" since
1907, shall be omitted in subsequent issues, the Board of Governors of the Institute
of Jamaica have decided to reprint the Outlines in pamphlet form.

The notes in the Handbook from the nature of their origin are naturally brief. The

Events recorded abroad have been chosen for their special bearing on Jamaica History.


F. C.

S Institute of Jamaica,
SApril, 1927.











CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


SPANISH GOVERNOnS.
o..


JUAN DE ESQUIVEL






FRANCISCO DE GARAY

..o


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.


1492


1493
1494


Columbus landed in Jamaica, probably at Dry
Harbour (May 4).







Juan de Fergara visited Jamaica (April) from
Venezuela.
Columbus visited Jamaica, at St. Ann's Bay
(June 24).
Diego Mendez went to Espanola for help.
Mutiny of Porras and his followers (Jan 2).
Arrival in Jamaica of Diego de Escobar (March).
Further rebellion of Porras (May 19).
Arrival of Salcedo (June).
Columbus left (June) 28.

Alonzo de Ojeda and Jago do Nicuesa mad!
viscounts of Jamaica.

Esquivel took possession of Jamaica for Colum-
bus's son Diego (Nov.).

Sevilla Nueva founded.

Inquiry into Esquivel's conduct of affairs.

Abbacy created, Sanches de Matienco first Abbot,

Negroes first imported from Africa into Jamaica.

Garay sent an expedition to explore Yucatan.

Garay sent to Spain a map embodying Pineda's
discoveries in the Gulf of Mexico of 1519.



Garay went on an expedition to Panuco, of which
he had been made Governor, but Cortez pre-
vented him from colonizing. During his absence
Diego Columbus came to Jamaica to suppress
a revolt of the Indians.


1497

1498

1502

1503


1504



1505
1506
1507

1508
1509

1510
1511
1512

1514
1515
1516
S1517


1518
1519

1520

1522


1523











OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.
-Columbus discovered America first landfall pro-
bably Watling Island (Oct. 12)

Columbus discovered Espanola (Haiti) (Nov. 23)
.Papal Bull of Demarcation (May 3)
TREATY of Tordesillas (June 7)* removal of Line
of Demarcation to 370 leagues west of the
Cape Verde Islands
Columbus discovered Dominica and Guade-
loupe (Nov. 3,) Montserrat and Antigua, the
Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico
,Cabot discovered eastern coast of North America
(June 24.)
Columbus discovered Trinidad (July 31); Gre-
nada (Aug. 15) and Tobago
Columbus discovered St. Lucia (June 15) and
British Honduras (July 14)
Columbus discovered Cayman Islands (May 10)
India House at Seville founded. Earliest men-
-tion of negroes in the West Indies, in Espanola
Death of Isabella (Nov. 26)



First attempt at Sugar Making in the West Indies
Death of Philip

Ocampo circumnavigated Cuba
Central America divided between Nicuesa and
Ojeda. Diego Colon arrived as Governor of
Espaniola (July 10)
Audiencia established in Espanola (July 10).
*Spaniards settled in Cuba
Turks and Caicos Islands discovered by Juan
Ponce deLeon
Postmaster for the Indies appointed
Foundation of Santiago de Cuba
Death of Ferdinand (Jan. 23)
Emperor granted patent to Genoese merchants
for an annual supply of 4,000 negroes to Greater
Antilles

Foundation of Havana. Conquest of Mexico
by Cortes. Charles elected Emperor
:First sugar plantation established in San Domingo


RULERS.
FERDINAND & ISABELLA
of Aragon & Castille
(from 1479)







HENRY VII of England

o

o



PmutP & JuANA of Castflle
FERDNAND of Aragon


CHARLBS V (I of Spain)


'First recorded revolt of Slaves-on Diego Columbus's .. 1522
estate in Espanola (Dec. 27)
1523


1492


1493
1494


1497'

1498

1502

1503

1504


1505 -
1506
1507

1508
1509

1510
1511
1512

1514
1515
151e
1517 .


1518
1519

1520







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


SPANISH GovnBons.


1524



1525
1526

1527
1530

1531

1532

1533

1534

1536
1539

1541

1547
1554
1556

1558


1564
1568

1575

1580


EVrNTS IN JAMAICA.
The King ordered a sum to be expended from the
royal revenue on the church in Jamaica equal'
to what the abbot, Peter Martir, might spend'
on the church which he was causing to be erected
in Sevilla Nueva.

The King gave 100,000 maravedis to a hospital
at St. Jago, but as there were no sick it was,
used to build a church.


The Villa de la Vega (Spanish-Town) founded,
Avilla died (June)
Jamaica ceded to Luys Colon by the Crown.
Quesada, Federman and Belalcazar touched at Ja-
maica en route from Cartagena to Cuba.


Sevilla Nueva destroyed by French pirates.





De Orange captured the Governor of Jamaica.
Sir John Hawkins skirted the south coast of
Jamaica (June 4-7).


GIL GONZALES Dz AVLA
Acting
MAoNEL Dn RoJAS, Acting

PIBn CANo












HERNAN MANzIQUB Dn
RozAS
LuCAS DEL VALLD


PDRao LorPs
GAncUA DEL VALLB
ALVARADO









FERNANDo MELGARB o
DECoRDOVA


Lopez was left in charge by del Valle when he left.
He resided at San Domingo and governed by a
Lieutenant, Francisco de Naveda Alvarado.

155 Angola Slaves left by Frenchmen at Oristan.
sold by public auction for 31,192 pesos.
William King, in the Solomon, watered at Cayman
Islands.
Sir Amyas Preston and Captain George Sommers-
landed in Jamaica (July).
Sir Anthony Shirley landed at Jamaica (Jan.
29). There was but one town, de la Vega'
with 130 inhabitants.
Melgarejo landed Aug. 1; he reported that there
was copper in Jamaica. Hurricane.
*o


1581
1582

1585-6
1588
c~ 1589
1592

1595

1596

1597

1598

1600







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EvErs ABROAD. RULBRS.
1524



.Santa Marta founded .1525
Diego Colon died (Feb. 23). Migration from Caribbean islands to Mainland 1526
forbidden
First settlement of Venezuela .. 1527
-Governor of Quito sent an expedition to explore Guiana .. 1530
First attempted settlement by Spaniards in Es-
sequibo (Barima)
-Order issued from Spain to desist from making .. 1531*-
the native West Indian slaves
First Spanish Governor appointed to Trinidad. .. 1532
-Carthagena founded .. 1533

1534

1536
1539
'Publication of the laws of the Indies by Charles V. .. 1541
Luis Columbus gave up royalties in West Indies for an annuity .. 1547
1554
P wmvP II of Spain 1566
(March 28)
ELrZa BnTH of England 1558
(Nov. 17)
-Charter granted by the Queen to a West India
Trading Company
Hawkins used one of the Queen's ships, Jesus as a slaver 1564
-irst settlement at Cayenne .. 1568

1575
British flag said to have been hoisted in Tobago .. 1580
Union of Portugal with Spain. Dutch set-
tled in Guiana. United provinces of Holland
threw off allegiance to Spanish Crown.
1581
1582
Drake sacked San Domingo city (Jan. 1) .. 1585-6
-Defeat of Spanish Armada .. 1588
1589

1592
IRalegh burnt St. Joseph in Trinidad. Assiento 1595
de Negroes granted to a Fleming 1
1596^

1597

sarl of Cumberland took San Juan, Puerto Rico PmuP III of Spain 1598
(June 6) (Sep. 13)
iPortuguese Gov. of Angola undertook Assiento .. 1600







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


1601

1603


1605

1606


1607
1609
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1621

1622
1623
1624

1625

1626


SPANISH GOVERNORS.






ALONZO DE MIRANDA














FRANCISCO TEREBIL
..
oe..
..
..
e,
..


JUAN MARTINEZ DE ARANa


JUAN SWDENO


1640 FRANCIsco LADON DIE Ze8AMA


1641


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
The Spaniards, headed by the Governor, repelled!
an attack by English Adventurers.
English attack, under Christopher Newport, re-
pelled. Melgarejo's term of office extended.
French repelled at Oristan.
Governor of San Domingo ordered to assist Go-
vernor of Jamaica if need be.
Francisco Marques de Villalobos,Abbot of Jamaica
died (Aug.).











Bishopric of Jamaica annexed to Arhbishbeprie et
San Domingo (Feb. 15).


1627
1628


1629

1630


1631
1632

1634




1635

1636
1638






OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.


Port Royal, Acadie, founded
Sailing of Sara, Constant, Godspeed and Discovery
from Blackwell, England, for Virginia (Dec. 19)

Robert Harcourt started a Colony in Guiana
Summer Islands Company formed
Essequibo settled by Dutch
Company of the Isles of America formed in France
First African Company chartered by James
First Laws passed in British America (in Virginia)
Dutch West India Company incorporated.


RuIEas.


JAMEs I of England


PnHIIP IV of Spain
(Mar. 31)


Publication of Code Noir by Louis XIV
St. Kitts (oldest British West Indian Colony) settled by British
Berbice first settled by Dutch
Tobago first settled by English; Cayenne by French
Courteens's ship touched at Barbados
St. Croix settled by Dutch
St.Kitts divided between French and English
(May), French Campagnie des Isles de
'Amerique formed.
Patent to James, Earl of Carlisle as proprietor
of the Caribee Islands (July 2)
Barbados settled by English (Feb. 26-27)
Wolferstone landed (July 25) first Governor of
Barbados
Nevis settled by British
Grant of land in West Indies to Sir Robert Heath,
Attorney-General (Oct. 30)
Providence (off Mosquito Coast) settled by
British: French Buccaneers ttled at Tortola
rst settlement in Surinam ,
Ugecond African Company formed )
Antigua and Montserrat settled by British from
St. Kitts. Dutch took Tobago.
Dutch took Curacoa. Lords Commissioners
for the plantatitofsappointed (April 28).
Governor-General of French West Indies re-
moved his seat of Government from St. Kitts
to Tortuga.
Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Lucia settled
by French
Slave trade legalized in Barbados
British Honduras settled from Jamaica. First CanL.
Printing press in English colonies, in Massa-
chusettes.
Dutch raided Trinidad, Portugal separated
from Spain. French took Surinam. Saba
occupied by Dutch. Sugar introduced into
Barbados from Brazil.
English turned out of New Providence by
Spaniards.
English took possession of Ruatan and kept it
till 1650


.s I of England


1601
1603

1605
1606


1607
1609
1615
1616
1617
1618,y-
1619
1621-
1622J
1623
1624

1625
1626


1627
1628

1629
1630

1631'
1632
1634



1635
1636&
1638


1640


1641






CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


SPANISH GOVIBNORS.


1643


1644
1646
1648
1649

1650


PEDRO Dn CABALLERO (ab.)

JAcINTO SEDBNO ALBsONOZ


FRANCISCO DE PROENZA,
Acting.








1651 ANTONIo Di BETANCUR


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Jackson raided Jamaica and occupied the town
( 5th March), Zegama died (Oct.).

Jackson cut timber at Negril, 8th to 26th Jan.
Great drought.

Great drought.
Sedeno arrived May 2. Great Drought.


Out-break of small pox. Cabellero died during
a squabble with Sedeno (Jan. 1). Sedeno was
arrested (June 11) by the Inquisition and
taken prisoner to Carthagena.






/Betancur though appointed Governor was not
\recognized by the Island authorities.


1651-2 JuAN RAMIBnn DE ORELLANA
1652
1653
1654


PF 'VT Barnms COMMssIONaEs.
1655 General Robert Venables,
Admiral William Penn,
Captain Gregory Butler

General Richard Fortessue,
Vice-Admiral William
Goodsonn
Fortescue, Goodsonn,
Major-General Robert
Sedgwick
Goodsonn, Sedgwick,
Colonel Edward Doy-
ley.
1656 Goodsonn, Doyley
General William Brayne,
Goodsonn


1656-7 Brayne,


1657
1659


Doyley (with government
by court martial)


SPenn and Venables with 38 ships landed (May
S10) with 8,000 troops. Spaniards capitulated
(May 11). Christoval Arnoldo de Ysassi
succeed Ramirez as Commander of Sptl
Troops.
Penn left (June 25).
Venables left (July 4).

Sedgwick arrived (Oct. 1).

Fortescue died (Oct. 21).
Sedgwick died (May 24).
{Brayne arrived (Dec. 14) with 1,000 troops.
Luke Stokes governor of Nevis came towards
end of year and settled with 1,600 men, women
and children. Ysassi received appointment
as Spanish Governor dated (Oct. 15).
Goodsonn left (Jan. 30.)
Brayne died (Sep.2).
Doyley defeated the Spaniards at Ocho Rio
4LDoyley defeated Ysassi at Rio Nuevo (June 27)







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.
Formation of Board of Trade and Plantations
Earl of Warwick appointed Governor in Chief of
all plantations in West Indies
Truxillo pillaged by the Dutch4
Sugar Cane introduced into French West Indies
from Brazil


TREATY of Munster (between Spain and the
Netherlands) (Oct. 14).
Eleuthra (Bahamas) settled by British from
Bermuda
Charles II proclaimed King in Barbados (May 3)
Trade prohibited with Barbados Antigua,
Virginia and Bermuda (Oct.)
Long Parliament passed an act prohibiting trade
with Bermudas, Barbados, Antigua and Vir-
ginia because they refused to recognize Com-
monwealth (Oct.)
Du Parquet, governor of Martinique, purchased
for 2,500 Martinique, St. Lucia and Grenada
from the French Campagnie des Isles de l'Ameri-
que, which ceased to exist.
Colony started at Surinam from Barbados
Navigation Act passed (Oct.)
Knights of Malta purchased St. Kitts, St. Mar-
tin, St. Bartholomew, St. Croix and Tortuga
Cavaliers capitulated to Roundheads in Bar-
bados (Jan. 17)
British settled at Paramaribo
WAR with Holland (1653-4)
Commission signed for West India expedition
(Dec. 9).
Acadie taken by the English

Cromwell issued (Oct. 10) proclamation en-
couraging immigration to Jamaica.


*


WAR declared byEngland against Spain .Oct 23)






DuParquet sold Grenada to the Comte de Cer-
rillac for 30,000 crowns


Cromwell died (Sep. 23)


RutLRS.


COMMONWEALTH
Cmowara


1643


1644

1646

1648
1649


1650









1651

1651-2
1652
1653
1654


1655k(


1656




1656-7

1657

1659







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOvERNORn


1660


1661 Gen. EDWABD Dorym


1662 THoiAs, Lord WNDnson




Sir Charles Lyttelton
Dep. Governor

"-1663


1663-4


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Col. William Beeston arrived (April 27).
News of Restoration reached Jamaica (Aug 15)
Ysassi finally left Jamaica (May 9).
&


Commission (dated Feb. 8) arrived (June 1) for
Doyley to be Governor, with the advice of an,
Elected Council.
Windsor arrived (Aug. 11) and published (14
Dec.) a proclamation from the King that all
born in Jamaica of British subjects should be
citizens of England.
Doyley left (Sept. 10).
Myngs took St. Jago de Cuba (Oct. 2).
Windsor left (Oct. 28) having disbanded army
and established five regiments of militia.
Census 4,205.
a fuan de Bolas appointed colonel of black regiment
(Jan. 30).
t Lands granted to the Maroons (the Alrican slaves
Left by the Spaniards.
Jamaica fleet sacked Campeche (Feb.).
First House of Assembly met (Jan. 20) at St.
Jago de la Vega, consisting of 20 members
representing 13 constituencies.


1664 Col. Thomas Lynch, Pres. Lyttleton left (May 2).
CoL Edward Morgan Edward Morgan arrived (May 21.)
Dep. Governor.

Sir TaoMas MODY ORD, Bt. Modyford arrived (June 4) from Barbados bring-
ing 1,000 settlers with him. Council appointed
by Crown.
Island divided into seven parishes.
Modyford's "View of Jamaica" sent home.
1665 .. A number of Quakers transported to Jamaica.

1665 .. Royal African Company's factor first came to
Jamaica (Feb. 7) to settle their negro trade.
1666
1667




1668 .. Coins of Spain made currency


1669







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RULBRs.
French and English made Treaty of Peace with RESTORATION 1660-
Caribs (March 31) whereby Caribs were to CHaARw II, (May 29)
have St. Vincent and Dominica. The Eng-
lish colonies on the American Continent con-
tained about 77,000 white persons. Planta-
tion Committee of Board of Trade formed
Charles II knighted 13 gentlemen of Barbados .. 1661
Charles II issued proclamation giving benefits
of subjects of England to such as should go
to Jamaica and their children
Guiana granted to Lord Willoughby by Charles II 1662'







Third African Company incorporated (surren .. 1663,
dered its charter in 1672)
Proprietory rights passed to the Crown in Bar-
bados and 'aribbee Islands
Lord Willoughby founded settlement at Surinand-

1663-4-


Compagnie des Indes Occidentales formed by Col- 1664-
bert, and acquired Martinique, Guadeloupe,
St, Kitts, St. Croix, &c.
French took Montserrat and Turks Island





CHAsnza I of Spain, (Sev. I" 1665,
England declared WAR against Netherlands .. 1665
(Second Dutch war) (March)
de Ruijter repulsed at Barbados (April 30),
French joined Dutch against English .. 1666,
Bahamas (New Providence) settled by British
Surinam taken by Dutch (February) .. 1667
TREATY of Breda (July 21): New Netherlands
(New York) conferred to England; Surinam
to Holland; Antigua declared British, and St.
Lucia, French.
Henry Morgan sacked Porto Bello (July) .. 1668
Committee of Privy Council for Trade and Planta-
tions formed
Montserrat restored to England.
Dominica surrendered by Caribs to British .1669,
Men from Barbados joined expedition to found
South Carolina
Division of British Windward and Leeward Islands.







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GovoEanOs.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.


.1670 .. Jamaica ceded to England (July 8.)
Storm (Oct. 7).
Island divided into 12 parishes.
Modyford's commission revoked (Dec.) because
he sent privateers against Spanish vessels.
;1671 Sir Thomas Lynch, '-Immigrants from Surinam reached Jamaica (Mar.)
Lieut-Governor Lynch arrived (June 25).
Modyford sent home a prisoner (Aug. 22).
George Fox visited Jamaica "travelling up and
Down through the Island."
1672 .. First Deficiency Law (1 white man to 10 negroes)
First hurricane recorded.


1673 .. Census. Population 17,272. Parish of Vere
formed. Invasion by Dutch and Spanish feared.
1674-5 Sir Henry Morgan, Lieut- Lynch demitted government to Morgan (March 7)
Governor.


1675 JOHN, Lord VAUGHAN


Vaughan arrived (March 13).
Lynch left (May 24).
4 1,200 Surinam settlers arrived (Sep. 1) and
started Sugar planting on land in St. Elizabeth
(now part of Westmoreland).
Proclamation issued against breaking the peace
with Spain (Dec. 15).
Proclamation with reference to observance of
Slave Laws.
Parishes of St. Thomas-in-ye-Vale and St. Dorothy
formed.


1676


1677-8 Sir Henry Mogan, Lieut-
Governor
1678 CHazB s, Earl of CABtLzE
1680 Sir Henry Morgan, Lieut-
Governor.

1681


1682 SIm THOAs LYNCH
4683


Vaughan left (March 14).
Carlisle arrived (July 19.)
Chaplain to House of Assembly appointed (Sep. 3)
Carlisle left (May 27): having failed in his at-
tempt to force upon Jamaica the form of legis-
lature prescribed for Ireland by Poynings's
law. English troops disbanded.



Lynch arrived (May 14).
Sir Henry Morgan and Col. Byndloss suspended
from Council and all commands (Oct. 12). A
post-office for foreign letters and also an inland
post founded (Oct. 18).







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RULES.

Morgan burnt Panama. Treaty of Madrid ..
(July 8): Spain recognized British conquests
in West Indies.
Charles II granted to proprietors of the Carolinas
charter to govern the Bahamas.

St. Thomas occupied by Danes
Danish West India and Guinea Company formed
(11 March)

Capt. John Wentworth governor of the Bahamas .. 1672
Virgin Islands captured by British.
Arrival of Iverson, first Governor of Danish West Indies
Charter of incorporation to Royal African Com-
pany (Sep. 27) (fourth of its kind)
England and France declared WAR against Holland .1673.
(March) (Third Dutch War). Committee of Privy
Council of Trade and Plantations formed 1673
1674-5

PEACE (Westminster) concluded between Eng-
land and Holland (March 25) Status quo
ante bellum established. (New Dutch West
India Company formed)
Compagnie des Indes Occidentales dissolved, and:
colonies placed under the French Crown (Dec.)
St. Lucia was made dependent on Martinique

1675,
Hurricane at Barbados (Aug. 1). Committee of
Privy Council for Trade and Plantation
supplanted Council for Trade and Planta-
tions.






Consulado of Seville undertook Assiento 1676

WAR with France. French raided Trinidad .1677

Turks Islands settled by British; Bermudians .1678
erected Salt Works. Peace of Nimeguen
Spaniards laid waste British settlement in the .. 1680
Bahamas

Hurricanes at Antigua and St. Kitts (Aug. 27) .1681
Elector of Brandenburg formed company to trade
in slaves

1682
1683







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


1684

.1684-5

1685


GOVERNORS.

Col. Hender Molesworth,
Lieut-Governor
..


:1687 CHMasToPE~R, Duke of
ALinBMARLE

.1688 Sir Francis Watson, Pres.

1689

1690 WILLIAM, Earl of INCHI-
quiN
qUIN

1691
1691-2 John White, Pres.

1692

John Bourden, Pres.
1692-3 Sir William Beeston,
Lieut.-Governor

1693


1694


1695

1696

1697






-4698


1699


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

Lynch died (Aug. 24).


News arrived (April 13) of death of Charles II.
Commission signed for Sir Phillip Howard to be
Gov. of Jamaica (Oct. 28) but he never came.
Convicts of Monmouth's and Argyle's rebellion
sent to Jamaica to serve for 10 years.
Mosquitto Indians came under suzerainty of
Jamaica.

Albemarle arrived (Dec. 20); with Sir Hans
Sloane, as his private physician, who collected,
in 15 months, 800 plants, mostly new species.
Albemarle died (Oct. 6); his body being sent
home for interment. Council became part of
Legislature.
First Assiento Company established for supplying
Spanish West Indies with negroes from Jamaica.
Inchiquin arrived (May 31).


Inchiquin died (Jan. 16).


Earthquake destroyed Port Royal (June 7)
when about 2,800 houses were thrown down.
This led to the settlement of Kingston
White died (Aug. 21).
Beeston landed and sworn in (Mar. 9.)
Col. Peter Beckford appointed agent to solicit
Jamaica affairs in England.
Parish of Kingston formed.

About 1,500 French troops, under DuCasse who
came with 3 men of war and 23 transports
defeated at Carlisle Bay (July 23) by Jamaica
Militia.
Wilmot and Lillingston attacked St. Domingo
from Jamaica.
duPointis, with French squadron, threatened to
attack Jamaica.







Population 47,365 (negroes about 40,000).




Proclamation forbidding Jamaica to trade with
Scots at Darien (April 9).







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.

Colonization of St. John by Danes


Brandenburg Company formed to trade with
Danish Colonies (Nov. 24).


Proclamation by James II offering pardon to
buccaneers who would give up their calling

Proclamation by French Government offering
pardon to buccaneers.

WAR declared by England against Frapce
Royal African Company abolished
'Trinidad raided by French
First paper currency in British Empire (in Mas-
sachusettes)
Barbados appointed agents in England














Darien Company formed (June 26)

Board of Trade and Plantations (May 15) re-
placed Committee of Privy Council
booty amounted to 2,500,000.
TREATY of Ryswick (Sep. 20. news of it reached
Jamaica 11 Dec.): Spain d d t
western part of San Domingo. French portion
ot t. lutts given back to France.

Establishment of squadron of five ships for pro-
tection of British West Indies
Soots settlement at Darien (Nov. 4).
Population of Canada, 13,353.

Scots abandon Darien (June 20), some coming
to Jamaica


RULES.


JAMES II (Feb. 6)


WILLIAM AMD M.AXT,
(Feb. 13)













WI *AM I (Dec 28)
WuIAM III, (Dec. 28)


1684

1684-5

1685






1687

1688


1689

1690


1691
1691-2

1692


1692-3


1693

1694


1695

1696

1697


1698


1699







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVERNOR.

1700 Sir WIuiAM BBESTON,
Governor.
1701


1701-2 Maj.-Gen. WnIUAM S~L-
WYN
1702 Peter Beckford, Lieut-Gov.




1702-3 Col. Thomas Handasyd,
Lieut-Governor (Jan.)

1703


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Commission as Governor received (April 8)


Selwyn arrived (Jan. 22 ) Beeston superseded in
government.
Selwyn died (April 5).
Beeston left (April 25).
Fight between DuCasse and Benbow (Aug. 19-24)
off Santa Martha. Benbow, who died of his
wounds, is buried in Kingston Parish Church.
West India Mail Service established
Handasyd sworn in (Dec. 4). Fire destroyed
Port Royal (Jan. 9). An act passed to prevent
its re-settling was disallowed by the Queen.
Parish of Westmorland formed.


1704 Maj.-Gen. THOMAS HANDAsTD, Handasyd's commission as governor published
Governor (July 29).


1706
1707
1710


1711
1712
1713


1714

1716
1717

1718

1720

1721
1722


Lord ARCHIBALD HAMmILON


PzTBR HaTWOOD


Sir NIcHoLas LAWzs






HwarY, Duke of PoRT-
LAND (Dec. 22)


1723


Hamilton arrived (July). Severe storm in western
part: damage in Westmoreland 700,000.
Earthquake and Hurricane (Aug. 28).


Hurricane (Aug. 29).

Heywood's commission published (July 25). Ham-
ilton sent home a prisoner (Sep.)
SLaw passed legalizing the mutilation and dis-
memberment of slaves for certain offences.
Lawes arrived (April 26). Introduction of Coffee.
Printing Press first set up. Jamaica Courant, first
British West Indian newspaper.
4 Mosquito Indians imported to reduce rebellious
negroes.

Earthquake and great Hurricane (Aug. 28).
Captain Barth. Candler of H.M.S. Lancaster
observed an eclipse of the moon at Port Royal
from which Halley determined the longitude,
5 h. 6 m. 30 s. w. of London.

30,000 acres purchased by government for new
settlers in north east of island. Parishes of
Portland and Hanover formed.







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD RULERs.

1700

Assiento granted to French Company (Aug. 27) .. 1701
Society for the propagation of the Gospel in
foreign parts incorporated.

ANNB, (March 8) 1701-2
WAR (of the Spanish Succession) declared by .. 1702
England against France and Spain (May 4)
West Indian Colonies placed under Bishop of
London ecclesiastically.

Monthly official packet between England and .. 1702-3
West Indies established (Feb. 11), afterwards
abandoned
1703
Boston News Letter, (April 24) first American .. 1704
periodical
Royal Decree fixing uniform rate of currency
in colonies: pieces of eight to equal six shil-
lings (June 4)
French sacked Nevis .. 1706
Union of England and Scotland. .. 1707
Insurrection in Antigua; Col. Parke, the Gover- .. 1710
nor, murdered (Dec. 7)
South Sea Company established .. 1711

S .. 1712
TREATY of Utrecht (April 14) Assiento Con- .. 1713
tract transferred from France t' English
South Sea Company lor 30 years: St. i5tts
became all English: Tobago to be neutral
between France and England. Hurricane at
St. Thomas.

Unsuccessful attempt made to import East In- GBaoGE I, (Aug. 1) 1714
dian labourers into Berbice
Brandenburg Company ceased .. 1716

1717
WAR with Spain (April 26) .. 1718
Captain Woodes Rogers extirpated pirates of
the Bahamas
1720
TREATY of Madrid .. 1721

Grant of some of the West India Islands (in- .. 1722
eluding St. Vincent) to Duke of Montague


St. Lucia declared neutral by France and England


1723







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


EVENTS 11 JAMAICA.


John Ayscough, Pres.

Maj-Gen. ROBERT
HUNTER.


Portland died (July 4).
Hurricane (Oct. 22).

Hunter arrived (Jan. 29).

Full legislative power ceded to the Colony.


1724

1726

1727
1728

1729

1730

1731

1732

1733


1734 John Ayscough, Pres.



1735 John Gregory, Pres.



1735-6 -HENRY CUNNINGHAM

John Gregory, Pres.

1736
1738 EDWARD TRELAWNY

1738-9



1739

1740-41

1741-2 (John Stewart, Lieut-
Governor)


1742
1744

1745

1746


Hunter died (March 31): 6 independent Com-
panies sent from Gibraltar.
Martial Law 9 months (1734-5)
.-.Nanny-Town Maroons dispersed.

Ayscough died (Sep. 30).
15,000 acres at Manchioneal and 15,000 acres at
Norman's Valley, purchased by Government
for new settlers.

Cunningham arrived (Dec. 18, 1735) died (Feb.
12, 1735-6).

Barracking Law passed
Trelawny assumed office 29 April. Jews pro-
tested against disabilities.

STreaty of Peace with Leeward Maroons (March
1): 2,500 acres were ceded to them, they
agreeing, in return for freedom, to assist the
Government in quelling rebellion and repelling
invasion.
*Treaty of Peace with Windward Maroons (June.)
Guinea-grass introduced from West Africa.
Freemasonry established in Jamaica.
Vernon sailed (Feb. 25) from Port Royal for his
ill-fated attempt on Carthagena. Abandoi-
ment of special tax on Jews (May).
Trelawny, went on expedition against Cartha-
gena (March) 9; returned (April 13).



Great hurricane and Earthquake (Oct. 20); Port
Royal and neighbourhood suffered.

Martial Law. Ruatan made a British Colony
under Jamaica (April 13).
SInsurrection of slaves.


GOVERNORS.


STwo regiments of foot arrived from Gibraltar
as protection against the Maroons.

Constant struggles against Maroons and runaway
slaves in Portland.
J







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.

Coffee first cultivated in Martinique

WAR with Spain ..




'TREATY of Seville :.

First (Spanish) Governor of Trinidad appointed

Barbados Gazette (weekly) established (.May 18;

Moravians settled in Antigua and St. Thomas
(Dec. 13).
St. Croix bought by Denmark from France for
30,750. Molasses Act passed

Second Danish West India Company incorpo-
rated
St. Bartholomew acquired by Sweden from
France.

Moravian Missionaries went to Surinam



Slave outbreak in Antigua







WAR (of Jenkins's Ear) declared by England
against 'Spain (Oct. 19)
Mosquito territory ceded to Great Britain
Vernon destroyed Porto Bello (Nov. 22)


Jews permitted to take oath of Allegiance in
American plantations
Settlers not Dutch allowed to settle in Essequebo
Atte mpt on Carthagena abandoned (April 24)
Trade between New England and Barbados (pro-
bably all West Indies) estimated at 100,000;
same as between New England and Mother
country
WAR with France British occupied Rattan
France declared war (of the Austrian succession)
against Great Britain

Demerara made a dependency of Essequebo

-Act passed preventing pressing of marines in
British West Indies


RuLEs.


GEORGE II (June 10)


1724

1726

1727
1728

1729

1730

1731

1732

1733


1734



1735



1735-6*--



1738


a738-9



1739


1740-1

1741


1742
1744

1745

1746







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


1747-48 (John Gregory, Pre.)


1749

1750

1751
1752

1753
1754


Admiral CHNARBB
KNOWI.s (Sep.)


1756 Henry Moore, Lieut-
Governor
1757

1758

1759 Gen. GEORGE HAlwANzr
1760 Brig-Gen. Henry Moore,
Lieut.-Gov.


1761
1762



1763


WM. HaENa LYTTroTON
(Feb.)


1764
1765


Trelawny sailed (Feb.) with Knowles who took
Port Louis in San Domingo (Mar. 8) but failed&
in his attempt on St. Jago de Cuba.


Storm (Sep. 2).
First book Almanac printed in Jamaica.
Trelawny left (Nov. 24th: the Assembly adjourned:
in order to see him sail.)
Judges first went on Circuit.
Moravian Mission founded (Dec. 7).
Kingston temporarily capital of the island; Thei
Assembly held four sessions there.


Knowles left in June.
St. Jago de la Vega Gazette founded.


Three counties formed for judicial purposes.
Custom Houses established at Savanna-la-Mar,
Montego Bay and Port Antonio.
(Haldane arrived 17 April and died 26 July).
A Rebellion of slaves in St. Mary (under Tacky)
T and in Westmoreland.
Stamp duties first imposed.
-4-Law against obeah first passed.

Expedition against Havana.
Importation from Cuba of formica omnivore.
(Raffles' Ant).

Fort Augusta blown up by lightning.





Population 166,454 (140,454 slaves).
Bill read twice in Assembly limiting importation
of slaves but was withdrawn on Governor
saying, on instruction from England, he would
not give his assent.


1766 Roger Hope Elleteon,
Lieut-Governor (June)


1767


GOVBNOos.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.








OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.

'TBEAT of Aix la Chapelle (Oct. 7): Assiento --2
Contract abolished; agreed by France and
England that Dominica, St. Vincent, St. Lucia
and Tobago should be neutral
Captain Robert Hodgson appointed -from Ja-
maica first superintendent of Mosquito
Shore
-Act passed "for extending and improving the
trade to Africa;" A royal printing house
established in San Domingo
:Royal African Company wound up

Alteration in Calendar


fDanish Colonies taken over by Crown from the
Company. Official Mail Service established
between England, West Indies and New York
-"Seven Years" WAR declared against France
(May). Dominica captured by England

Increased powers given to Board of Trade
and Plantations


-Guadeloupe recaptured by England from France
'Complete conquest of Canada

:South Carolina tried to prohibit importation of
slaves-disallowed in England
Introduction of Methodism into Antigua
Dominica acquired by British
"WAR declared (Jan. 18) by England against
Spain for forming alliance with France: St.
Vincent occupied by British: HaUnp ed-
Aug.-1).-from Spanish; 1frtinine and
Grannain f om rpench
-TREATr of as (Feb. 20): Martiniue. St. Lucia
L g gn> holr r n Fr 'nAt*


Grenada, St. Vincent, Dominica and Tobago
ceded to England; Mosquito Territory aban-
doned by British
8Slave revolt in Berbiee (Feb.) (3,000 slave
100 whites)
.Sugar Act passed
:Stamp Act passed (March). St. Thomas
became a free port
Botanic Garden established in St. Vincent.
Coffee introduced into Cuba from Martinique
Constitution granted to British Honduras
Vander Heuvel first Governor of Demerara
:Stamp Act repealed (Feb.). Many storms in
West Indies
:Symmer appointed agent and Commander of
Turks Island.
EBill passed imposing duties in British Colonies


RumLEs.


1747-48


1749


1750

1751

1752

1753
1754

1755

1756

1757

1758

1759
1760


Goao III. (Oct. 25)
..
..


1761
1762*


1763


1764
1765


1766


1767







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


1768
1770

1771



1772

1773

1774
1775



1776



1777

1778
1779


GOVErNORS.
SmI WLL.ua TnBLA.wr








Lt. Col. John Dalling,
Lieut-Governor


Sir BASIL KEITH, (Feb).









Col. DALtMG, Governor


1781 Maj.-Gen. Archibald Dalling left (Nov. 25).
Campbell, Lieut.-Gove--,Mutilation and dismembering of slaves rendered.
nor 9- illegal. In 1780 and 1781 importation in
foreign bottoms was allowed, on account of
the damage done by storms.
Hurricane (Aug. 1), 120 vessels wrecked in King-
ston Harbour.



1782 Maj. Gen. CAMPBELL, British Logwood Cutters imprisoned at Honduras
Governor (July). liberated and settled in Jamaica.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Trelawny assumed Governorship (October).
Drought lasting from October 1768 to May 1770
Parish of Trelawny formed.






Sir William Trelawny died Dec. 11.
Botanic Gardens established.
Hurricane (Oct. 2).

Bills passed restricting slave trade disallowed by
Crown.
Population 209,617; (12,737 white; 4,093 free
coloured; 192,787 slaves.)







Keith died (June 2).
Martial Law.

Nelson, Governor of Fort Charles, Port Royal
(June to Aug.) Fire destroyed Savanna-la>
Mar (Dec. 6 and 7). 23,750 raised by lottery
for subsistence of troops. Corps of twenty
slaves and volunteers of free mulattos and
negroes raised.
Expedition against Nicaragua (Jan.)
Great Hurricane in Westmoreland (Oct. 3-12);.
damage estimated at 700,000; 40,000 relief
granted by England.


1780







OF JAMAICA HISTORY. 23

EVENTS ABROAD. RULERS.
1768

All duties in British Colonies, except on'tea, .. 1770
repealed. New form of Colonial Government
Port-au-Prince destroyed by Earthquake (June)
Rodney captured all the Dutch West India 1771
Colonies. Famine in Honduras (8,000 Indian
said to have died)
Dominica became a separate colony and ap-
po inted an agent in Great Britain.
Mansfield declared that "Slavery could not exist .. 1772
upon the soil of England" (June 22)
Tract of lands granted to Caribs in St. Vincent .. 1773
Demerara became a (Dutch) colony apart from
Essequebo 1774

American WAR (Lexington, April) .. 1775

Commodore Hopkins of American navy, cap
tured Nassau, and carried away the Governo.r
prisoner
Formation in Paris of Les Amis des Noirs DECLARATION OF AMuRi- 1776
St. Vincent removed from Grenada and made CAN INDEPENDENCE
separate government (July 4).
First motion made in House of Commons
against slave trade
1777

France made Treaty of Commerce and Alliance 1778
with American revolutionists (Feb. 6).
France captured St. Vincent (June 18) Grenada .. 1779
(July 4) and Dominica (Sep. 7)
Carolina Corps (afterwards merged in 1st West
India Regt.) raised
Spain joined in WAR against England (June)

Indecisive action between Rodney and De .. 1780
Guichen off Martinique (April 17). Great
Hurricane in Windward Islands (Oct. 10
& 11), 13 British ships of War lost.
WAR declared by England against Holland
(Dec. 20).
Rodney took St. Eustatius (3,000,000 and war .. 1781
material) (Feb 13)
Rodney took Esequebo and Demerara (Mar. 3).
Berbice capitulated to British (April)
Spaniards captured Nassau, Bahamas, but were
expelled by troops from South Carolina.
French took Tabago, Turks Island St. Kitts
All the Islands left to England in the West In-
dies were Jamaica, Barbados, and Antigua
Joshua Steele founded Society of Arts in Barba-
dos
80,000 voted to Barbados by Great Britain .. 1782
(Jan 25) and 20,000 by Dublin
Rodney's victory over deGrasse (April 12) off
Dominica saved British West Indies
Invitation offered by Spain for foreigners to
settle in Trinidad
France took Essequebo and Demerarh
Board of Trade and Plantations abolished







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GovzBwoum.


1783


1784 Brigadier-General Alured
Clarke, Lieut-Governor,
(Nov. 16).
1785


1786
1781


1788



1789

1790
1791


THOMAS Earl of E8aNGRAM
(Mar. 17).
Maj.-Gen. Adam William-
son, Lieut-Governor.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Prince William Henry arrived as lieutenant in
Barfleur (Feb. 5).
George Leile, a black baptist began to preach
in Kingston.
Nelson attempted to retake Turk's Island from
the French (March 8th).
Kingston Town Guard established (July).

Hurricane (July 30.) Importation in foreign
bottoms allowed for four years.
Storm (Aug. 27). Population 30,000 white;
10,000 free coloured; 250,000 slaves.
Drought. Storm (Oct. 20): 15,000 lives lost.


Since the end of 1780, about 15,000 slaves had
N, died as the result of scarcity of provisions
owing to storms, drought and suspension of
intercourse with America.


Act passed prohibiting burials in churches.
Wesleyan Mission founded (Jan. 19).
Burying in churches stopped.

Effingham died (Nov. 19).


Formation (June 25) of 20th (or Jamaica) Light
Dragoons.


Bligh arrived with Breadfruit (Jan.)
Detachment of British troops sailed for Haiti
(Sep. 9) under Whitelocke. A malignant fever
gave much trouble.

Introduction of Bourbon Cane. Kingston Medi-
cal Society established.


1792



1793


1794







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RUBis.
Loyalists of South Carolina captured Nassau .. 1783
from Spaniards
PY CE of Versailles (Sep. 3): Englandbre a-red,
ro r"', ('mrpnadI ,t Vnnt Tom.nr.o.m,.
St Kit Montserrat and ceded
St. Lucia and Tobago; Bahamas recognized as
British and purchased by government from
prorietors ; Florida was ceded to Spain
Demerara and Essequebo handed back to Dutch
British Honduras refused to receive convicts sent .1784
thither from England for sale
Cat Island, Bahamas, peopled by loyalists from .. 1785
the United States
Superintendent of British Honduras appointed .. 1786
by England
Louis XVI created a Colonial Assembly in Mar- .. 1787
tinique

Mosquito Territory handed over to Spain: Some
Settlers from Mosquito shore sent to Andros
Island (Bahamas) by Governor of Jamaica:
others settled in Honduras. Belize destroy-
ed by a hurricane (Sep. 2)
Society formedin London for abolition of slave trade
Pitt drew attention of House of Commons to 1788
African slave trade (May 9). Les Amis des
Noirs formed at Paris.
Otaheite cane brought from Isle de France to
Cayenne and Martinique
Resolution in France .. 1789
Value of slaves in British West India Islands esti-
mated at 22,500,000.
Printing press established in Demerara .1790
National Assembly of France gave to French 1791
free born coloured colonists rights of citizenship
(May 15). repealed it Sep. 24.
Insurrection in San Domingo (Aug. 23) .
Port-au-Prince burnt (Nov.)
Sierra Leone Company formed
Slave Trade prohibited by the King of Denmark .. 1792
after expiration of 10 years
Expiration of Dutch West India Company's
charter; Navigation Laws ceased to be en-
forced against United States
Bligh left breadfruit at St. Vincent .. 1793
France declared WAR against England, Spain
and Holland (Feb. 1). Santhonax proclaimed
universal freedom in Haiti (Aug. 29). Jeremie
surrendered to Whitelocke (Sep. 20). Tobago
captured by British (April 15)
Decree by France of Colonial freedom in Haiti .1794
(Feb.)
Capture of most of the French West Indies by
British
Commercial TREATY (Jay's) between United
States and England (Nov. 19).
Colonies administered by Secretary for War till
1850







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVRBNOBS. EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

1795 Alexander, Earl of Bal- Ji- Trouble with the Maroons (July). Martial Law
carries, Lieut-Governor (Aug. 2).
Williamson left for Haiti (May)
Montego Bay destroyed by fire: (Damage about.
300,000).





1796 .. J aroon rebellion quelled. Upwards of 500 were
deported to Nova Scotia and thence to Sierra
Leone.
1797 .. Consolidated [slave] Act passed (Dec.).







1798 .. ( Rebellion of slaves in Trelawny.
Jamaica raised by public subscription about
S0,000 to assist England against France.
A Secret Committee of Safety appointed by
Assembly with reference to the number of
foreigners recently arrived. (Nov. 8)


Lieut.-Gen. George Nugent,
Lieut.-Governor (July 29)


From Feb. 12 to Oct. 27 the British Fleet under
Sir Hyde Parker took 47 armed and 225 mer-
chant vessels.
Discovery and repression of General Roume's
attempt to instigate a rebellion in Jamaica.
Portas, a spy from San Domirngo, was hanged in
Kingston (Dec. 23).
His Majesty's Commissioners appointed to exer-
cise ecclesiastical jurisdiction (April 5).


Incorporation of the town of Kingston (Jan. 12).
Largest Sugar crop ever sent from Jamaica.


1804


1799


1800
1801







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RLUERS,

Williamson made Governor of San Domingo .. 1795
(May).
TREATY of Basle: Spanish San Domingo ceded
to France
WAR with Holland. 1st West India Regiment
raised (April 24)
Society for the conversion, religious instruction
and education of the Negro Slaves in the
British West Indies incorporated
Rebellion in Grenada, instigated by the French
(Dec. 1794-May 1796)
Demerara (April 21) Essequebo and Berbice .. t795
surrendered to British forces

Spain declared War against England .. 797
Rebel Caribs transported from St. Vincent to
Ruatan (March 11)
First Manufacture in Prussia of sugar from beet-
root
Trinidad given up to British (Feb. IS)
In Barbados. Legislature voted (May 15) 20,000
towards English war fund and 13,000 sub-
scribed by inhabitants
St. Domingo evacuated by British (Oct.) .. 1798
British Victory of St. George's Key, British
Honduras (Sep. 10).
Legislature of Leeward Islands passed a humane
slave amelioration act.
West India Regiment reached full strength of
12 battns. (Nov.)
West India Docks, London, founded. Turks .. 1799
Islands incorporated with the Bahamas




Jamaica Maroons taken from Nova Scotia to .. 1800
Sierra Leone
Union of Great Britain and Ireland (Jan. 1) .. 1801
Toussaint declared Independence of Haiti (July)
Demerara handed back to Holland (Dec. 3)
TREATY of Amiens (March 27): England gave .. 1802
up Demerara, Essequebo and Berbice to Hol-
land; St. Lucia and Tobago to France; but
retained Trinidad. French decree of Feb.
1794, annulled: Toussaint submitted in San
Domingo (May 5)
Renewal of WAR with France 1k03
Denmark abolished slave trade in her colonies.
St. Lucia (June 22) and Tobago (June 30) capi-
tulated to British
Demerara, Essequebo and Berbice retaken by
British (Sep. 19)
France sold Louisiana to the United States for
60,000,000 francs
Haiti declared independence (Jan. 1): Dessa- 1804
ines declared Emperor (Oct. 8)
War declared by Spain against England (Dec.
12)







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Martial Law (April 1 to 19 and May 24 to June
22).


1806 Sir Eyrie Coote, Lieut.-
Gov.


:1807


1808 WiaIM, Duke of MAN-
casraSm (March 26)


Nugent left (Feb. 20)


319,351 slaves in Jamaica.


Manchester arrived Mar. 26.
Mutiny in 2nd W.I. Regt. at Fort Augusta (May
S 27)


., Discovery of conspiracy among slaves to bur
down Kingston (March)

(Lieut. Gen. Edward Mor- Manchester away from June, 1811, to June 14
prison, Lieut.-Governor 26 1813
June, 1811 to 14 June, 1813)
Hurricane (Oct. 12-14). Earthquake (Nov. 11)


Spanish theatre opened in Kingston (May 24)
Privilege Act passed. Jamaica Turf Club
formed (Dec.) Storn-s (Aug. 1 and Aug. 28)
Parish of Manchester formed
Baptist Mission founded (Feb. 23).
Largest coffee crop ever shipped from Jamaica
(34,045,585 lbs.)
Fire at Port Royal (July 13). Island Curates
first appointed.
Hurricane (Oct. 18 and 10).
Law rescinded that demanded a payment of 100
of the owner for liberating a slave.
Bolivar visited Jamaica.
Registration of slaves established (June 28).
Hurricane (Nov. 20) over western part of Tsla-d


1821 (Maj.-Gen. Henry Conran,
Lieut.-Governor)
1822


Manchester fractured his skull by a fall from a
carriage and visited England to recuperate (July
1821 to Dec. 1822).
Severe drought.


GoV-BnwORS.


:1805


1809
1810
1811

1812


1813

1814



1815


1816


1817
1818
1819
1820







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RumsB.

La Grange invaded' Dominica .. 1805
Trafalgar (Oct. 21)
Steam engine first used on sugar estate in.De-
merara.
Duckworth defeated French off San Domingo .. 1806-
(Feb. 6)
Napoleon issued Berlin decree (Nov. 21)
English took Curacoa
African slave trade in British Colonies abolished .1807
by Parliament (March 25) Danish West
Indies captured by British
Foundation of African Institution (June 14)
Sierra Leone taken over by British Crown from
Company
Eastern part of San Domingo regained by Spain .. 1808
Slave trade abolished in United States
London Missionary Society began work in De-
merara

English took San Domingo City from French 1809
and handed it to Spain
France owned no property in the West Indies 1810
Beet sugar industry started in France 1811
Christophe made King of Haiti (March 26)
Venezuela declared independence (July)
Berbice joined to Demerara (April 1) .. 1812
Volcanic eruption at St. Vincent (April 27)
United States declared WAR against Great Bri-
tain (June 18)
First Protestant Church erected in Central
America (at Belize)
Hurricane at Nassau (Aug.) .. 1813
A police force established in Antigua

TREATY of Paris (May 30); England kept To- .1814
bago, St. Lucia, Demerara and Essequebo;
Curacoa restored to Dutch; Danish islands
restored to Denmark in return for Heligoland
TREATY of Ghent with United States (Dep. 24)
Waterloo (June 18, Slave Registry Act (July 5) .. 1815
Slave insurrection in Barbados.
Slav e Trade condemned by congress of Vienna
Danish West Indies exchanged by British for Heligoland
Wesleyan Mission founded in Haiti 1816
British Honduras Free School established (Feb.
19)
Slave rising in Barbados (April 14) ..
Foundation of Liberia .. 1817
1818
First passage of the Atlantic by steam (New .. 1819
York to Liverpool)
First emigrants for Liberia embarked from New GuonEa IV (Jan. 29) 1820
York.
Slave Trade abolished by Spain
African Company abolished .1821
Eastern part of San Domingo obtained its in-
dependence
San Domingo became part of Haiti .. 1822
Treaty of Verona (Nov.)
Commission of enquiry into administration of
justice in the West Indian Colonies







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVEirNORS.


1823


1826

1827 Maj.-Gen. Sir John Keane,
Lieut-Governor.


1828

1829

1830
1831



1832



1833


SOMERSET, Earl of BEL-
MORM
*o






George Cuthbert, Pres.
CONTANTINM Earl of
MULGRAVE


1834 George Cuthbert, Pre.


Maj.-Gen. Sir Amos Nor-
cot, Lieut-Governor
PETaR, Marquis of SLIGO


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

House of Assembly refused to adopt Canning's
resolutions for the amelioration of the condi-
tion of the slaves.






Foundation of Presbyterian Church in Jamaica.
See of Jamaica (Jamaica, Bahamas and British
Honduras) constituted.
People of colour first permitted to give evidence
on oath.
Jamaica ports made free to foreign nations.


Manchester left (July 2), having governed for
19 years

Branch of Church Missionary Society founded
in Kingston.
Belmore arrived (Feb. 19). Roman Catholics
allowed in Council and Assembly.
Franchise extended to people or colour.
Negro rebellion in St. James (Dec. 28): damage
656,977. The British Government lent the
planters 200,000 for the restoration of plan-
tations.
Martial Law Dec. 1831 to Feb. 1S32.
Board of Health for Kingston established. Colo-
nial Church Union founded (Jan. 26)
Belmore sailed (June 11).
Mulgrave arrived (July 26).
Hurricane (Aug. 7)
Establishment of College of Physicians and Sur-
geons of Jamaica (Oct. 28) (became defunct
on disallowance in 1835 of the Act creating
it.) Arrival of H. M. S. Rhadamanthas, the
first Steamship to reach Jamaica.
Mulgrave sailed (March 15).


Norcot arrived (March 27; sworn in 29th).

Sligo arrived (April 4; sworn in 7th).
Sligo visited Grand Cayman (May 2) to explain
that the apprenticed slaves had been declared
free, owing to non-registration.
Abolition of slavery and establishment of ap-
prenticeship system (Aug. 1.). 5,853,975 paid
in compensation for 255,290 slaves.
A Jew first elected to the Assembly. Jamaica
Police established.







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RuvaBs.

Martial Law in British Honduras (Dec. 19, 1882 .. 1823
Jan. 16).
Munroe Doctrine formulated by the United States
(Dec).
Rebellion of slaves in Demerara (August 18)
Revolt in Cuba.
Buxton moved in the House of Commons that
slavery should be gradually abolished th. ough-
out the British Colonies (May 15)
Anti-slavery Society founded
See formed of Barbados and Leeward Islands .. 1824
Earl Bathurst sent instructions to West Indies
for amelioration of slave population

Independence of Haiti acknowledged by France .1826
(24 July) Commission of Enquiry into ad-
ministration of Civil and Criminal Justice in
the West Indies. British slaver made legal
tender in all British Colonies.
Primary visitation of the Bishop to Honduras .. 1826
(March 24)
British Guiana joined to See of Barbados .. 1827
Libertador, first steam vessel to reach Barbados
H. M. Commissioners of legal inquiry on the
colony of Trinidad reported.
Fire at Georgetown, Demerara (Dec. 29) .. 1828

1829
Republic of Venezuela formed WILuAM IV (June 20) 1830
Demerara and Berbice united with Essequebo .. 1831
as one colony of British Guiana (July 21)
Hurricane at Barbados, St. Vincent and St.
Lucia (Aug. 10)

Legislative Council of Trinidad created .. 1832



Abolition Act passed (Aug. 28) .. 1833
Amalgamation of Leeward Islands (Antigua, St.
Kitts, Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica.)
Amalgamation of St. Vincent, Gren da and To-
bago with Barbados as Windward Islands
Abolition of slavery in British Dominions and .. 1834
complete freedom to children under six years
of age (Aug. 1). Emancipation complete in
Antigua
Hurricane in Dominica (Sep. 20)







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GovaBmons.

1836 Sir IaoNEL SMITH

1837

1838


SIE CHARLAB MacLAU
(Sep. 26).


1846
1841



1842 JAnaU, Earl of ELaS
(May 19.)


1843




1844



1845


1846
1847

1848


Maj.-Gen. Sackville
Berkeley, Lieut.-Gov.
Sir CnanLns EDWARD
Gnua


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

Sligo visited Haiti. Smith arrived (Aug. 30).
Sligo left (Sep. 2). Lord Seaford founded Seafordt
Town
Savings Banks first established. Coastal Steamer
first started. Storm (Sep. 26, 27).

Total abolition of slavery (Aug. 1) by cessation
of apprenticeship system.
Formation of association of Jamaica Proprietors
(May 24). British Act for better Govern-
ment of Prisons proclaimed in Jamaica. (Sep.
25).



Planters Bank formed (July 1)
Smith left (Oct. 1)
Metcalfe did much to reconcile differences between-
the Jamaica Planters and the British Govern-
ment.
Drought-lasting till Spring of 1841
A Chamber of Commerce formed.
First arrival of free African Immigrants (May
25). 1,417 in all.
Parish of Metcalfe formed.
Jamaica Silk Company incorporated (July)
Riot in Kingston (Dec. 27)
Metcalfe left (May 21). Maroons received all
rights of British subjects. Vice-Chancellor
first appointed.



Fire destroyed portion of Kingston (Aug. 26).
General Agricultural Society of Jamaica founded
Calabar Institution (Baptist) opened (Oct. 6).

Census population 377,433.
Storm (Oct. 5) over west end of island.


Board of Education appointed.
Jamaica Railway opened (Nov. 21).
Coolies from India first arrived (Feb.)
Office of Island Agent abolished (Dec. 8).
Berkeley arrived (May 25).

Grey arrived in February.

Anticipated outbreak of negroes in western parishes
was prevented.
Planters Bank stopped payment (Aug.)
The Governor injured by a fall from a horse
(Sep. 4).


1839






OF JAMAICA HISTORY. 33

EVENTS ABROAD. RIRBs.

Schomburgk discovered Victoria regia lily in Ber- .. 1836
bice. Colonial Bank founded (June 1)
VICTOmA (June 20) 1837

Commissioners report to British Government 1838
on Prisons and on Negro Education
First immigration of coolies to British West
Indies (British Guiana) (May 7).
St. Lucia added to Windward Islands
Lord Melbourne resigned on question of sus-
pension of constitution of Jamaica (May 7)
Total abolition of slavery in British colonies
(Aug. 1)
Export tax in Barbados abolished
British and Foreign Anti Slavery Society formed .1839
(April 17).
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. received Char-
ter, (Sep. 27).
Bill to suspend constitution of Jamaica passed in
the Commons
Duty equalized in England on Colonial grown .. 1840
coffee
1841



St. John's, Antigua, destroyed by Fire (April 2) 1842
Cape Haytien destroyed by earthquake (May 10)
Establishment of Royal Mail Company
Select Committee of House of Commons en-
quired into State of West Indies in reference
to relations between employers and labourers
Bishopric of British Guiana formed
Baptist Mission founded in Trinidad: Earth- 1843
quake in Leeward Islands (Feb. 8)
Earthquake in Antigua, Guadeloupe and other
parts of Leeward Islands (Feb. 8) eight lives
lost in Antigua, 3,000 in Guadeloupe.
Bahamas made an archdeaconate of see of Jamaica
La Guerre Negre in Dominica, Santo Domingo 1844
Republic established (Nov. 18)
Slave disturbances in Cuba
Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society of
British Guiana formed (May)
First coolies reached Trinidad (May 30) 1845
Government of Dutch Guiana separated from
that of Dutch West Indies.

Act passed equalizing sugar duties on British .. 1846
and foreign products
Barbados (first of British Colonies) granted aid to .. 1847
Ireland in famine.
Liberia became a republic.
Turks Islands separated from Bahamas and 1848
made a separate colony (25 Dec.)
Slavery abolished in French and Danish West
Indies.
Publie Library founded in Barbados.






CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVERNORS.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.


32,000 deaths from Asiatic cholera.
Pongo Mission formed


Sir HENRY BARKLT (Oct.)


Maj.-Gen. E. Wells Bell,
Lieut.-Governor



Captain CHARLES DABIANG


1855

1856




1857
1858
1859


1860

1861

1862
1863

1864
1865





1866


Lieut.-


IR,


1849
1850
1851
1852
1853



1854


Darling appointed an Executive Committee to
carry out wishes of Assembly.
First issue of Jamaica Postage Stamps (May 8).
Introduction of Electric Telegraph and Postage
Stamps (Feb. 1).
Toll-bar riots at Savanna-la-Mar (Feb. 12).
Florence Hall Riot (Aug. 1).
Post Office transferred from English to Colonial
Government (Aug. 1). Regular Mail Service
to New York started.
Prince Alfred (Duke of Adinburgh) visited Jamaica
(March 24-April 6).
Fire in Kingston (March 29). Damage 85,000.
Toll-bars abolished (October). Money Orders
first issued.
Eyre made Governor.-


Morant Bay rebellion (Oct. 11): 608 persons,
including the Custos of St. Thomas, were killed
during the outbreak and under martial law:
George Wm. Gordon, the ringleader was hanged.
Surrender of Jamaica Constitution to Crown
(Dec. 21), empowering the Queen to create
such a government as she might think fit.
New Constitution (Crown Government). (June 11)
xS The Royal Commission (Sir Henry Storks, Russell
Gurney and J. B. Maule) appointed to enquire
into the outbreak, reported that the disturb-
ances had their immediate origin in a planned
resistance to lawful authority, and alluded
to a desire to obtain lands rent free, and a
lack of confidence on the part of the labouring
classes in the local tribunals.


Jamaica became a free port (May 1).
The Treasury became bankrupt and a political
deadlock ensued.
British Government granted a loan of 500,000
to pay off colony's debt.
Slight changes in legislative bodies. Government
Executive Committee formed. Jamaica granted
a Civil List to the Crown of 25,000 a year.


Edward John Eyre,
Governor

EDWARD JOHN Ei
Governor.







Sir HiENY STOB








OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. RULiES.

Republic of Haiti made an empire (Aug.) .. 1849
Navigation Laws repealed (June 26).
"Clayton Bulwer Treaty (April 19) .. 1856
Public Library founded in Trinidad .. 1851
Bay Islands (Honduras) made a separate colony .. 1852
Lime tree orchards first planted in Montserrat
.First Chinese immigrants into British Guiana .. 1853
(Jan. 12).


Imperial Colonial Department established .. 1854
Abolition of protective duties on British grown
sugar
-Ostend Manifesto (United States claim to Cuba)
"Cholera in Grenada (3,788 deaths: population
32.671)
Bahama Government Bank failed .. 1855
Panama Railway opened
,Great Britain relinquished protectorate of Mos- .. 1856
quito Shore. Letters of Marque abolished
by Declaration of Paris
IRuatan and other islands formed into a British
colony as Bay Islands
-Angel Gabriel Riot in Demerara (Feb.)
1857
Empire of Haiti overturned and Republic re- .. 1858
established.
,Bay Islands recognized as part of Republic of VwIroRA (1859
Honduras


1860

'Bishopric of the Bahamas created .. 1861
Rebellion of Southern States against the Union
(April 13)
British Honduras declared a colony under Jamaica .. 1862
(May 12)
-Morant Keys taken possession of in the name of .. 1863
Queen (Oct. 12)
Imports of Bahamas (through blockade running) .. 1864
5,346,112
.End offar in United States (May 26). .. 1865


1866







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


Sir JOHN PETER GRANT



(Maj.-Gen. O'Connor,
Lieut.-Governor


1868


1869


1870 (Edward Rushworth,
adm).

1871


1872

1873


(Ed. Rushworth, adm).


1874 W. A. Young, adm.
Sir WILL x GBai

1875
1876



1877 B. Rushworth, Lieut.-
Gov.
Maj.-Gen. Mann, adm.
Sir ANTHONY MusGRBAV


Grant brought with him (Aug. 5) the new con-
stitution. The Legislative Council consisted?
of the Governor, six official and three un-offi-
cial members. A Privy Council was also ap-
pointed.
A semi-military police was organised; the judi--
cial establishment was reconstituted.
District Courts established.
Twenty-two parishes were reduced to fourteen-
(Apl. 23).

Coolie immigration resumed.
Fruit trade with America started at Port An-
tonio.
Cinchona first planted (in Blue Mountain).
Telegraphic communication wirh Europe estab--
lished.
Railway extension to Old Harbour (July 1).
Nickel coin first used.
Disestablishment of Episcopal Church.
Removal of seat of government to Kingston.
Repeal of Law of Charles II empowering gover--
nor to declare martial law.
Census. Population 506,154.
The Governor had to pay damages for detaining
in the Imperial interests, munitions of war
on La Have, captured on the high seas by a
Spanish man-of-war and brought into Port
Royal. The Legislative Council paid the
money which was refunded by the British-
Government.
First introduction of mongoose direct from India..
Grant returned Jan. 23.


Grant left (Jan. 26)
Grey arrived April 4.
Jamaica Association formed.
Hurricane (Oct. 31--Nov. 2).
Kingston street car started.
Severe drought.
Two leading Kingston firms failed for 2$3,844.
Rio Cobre Irrigation Works completed at a cost
of 126,000.
Grey left (March 12) Kingston first lit by gaw
(May 10).
Rushworth died (Aug. 10).
Musgrave arrived (Aug. 24).
Formation of Jamaica Branch of BritishM edica-
Association (Dec.)


1878


GOVaRNORS.


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD. Ruin S.







:Sir J. P. Grant visited British Honduras 1867
SHurricane in Virgin Islands (Oct. 29)

"Withdrawal of Grants by Imperial Government .. 186
to the Church of England in the West Indies.

"Disendowment of the Church of England in the .. 1869
Bahamas
Declaration of Independence in Cuba (Cespedes)
(April)
'British Honduras lost its representative insti- ...1870
tutions

Disestablishment of Church of England in Bri- 1671
tish Honduras
*~t. Thomas superseded St. Croix asheadquirters
of Danish West Indies




1872
Emancipation in Dutch Colonies 1873
Virginid's siezed by Spanish Cruiser, and 153 of
her crew shot (Oct. 23): $80,000 indemnity
paid for Americans
-Turks Islands became a dependency of Jamaica 1874
(Jan.)

Burricane in Cuba (Sep. 13) .. 1875
.Anti-FederatioD Disturbances at Barbados .. 1876
(March 28); 40 killed or wounded
*Grenada, St. Vincent and Tobago lost their re-
presentative institutions.
-Jamaica admitted to Postal Union
1877




rRiot in Danish West Indies: St. Bartholomew .878
handed back to France by Sweeden
"Treaty of El Zanjon (Feb). in Cuba; end of ten
years revolution.







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GovBMon.


1879


Edward Newton, Lieut-
Gov (Oct. 8-4 June,
18806


1880



1881













1882





1883


(Col Somerset M. Wise-
man Clarke, adm.)
(Maj.-Gen. Gamble, adm.)
Sm IHBNT NORMAN


(CoL W. Clarke, adm.)


(Col. W. Clarke, adm).


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Jamaica Railway (Kingston to Old Harbour with,
branch to Angels) purchased by Government
from Jamaica Railway Company for 93,932.
Musgrave away Oct. 8 to 4 June, 1880.
Heavy rains (Oct. 8 to 13) causing loss of life-
Victor and property near Kingston.
Visit of U.S. steamer Blake on coast and geodetic-
survey.
Visit of H.M.S. Bacchante with Princes Albert
and George. (March)
Great Hurricane (Aug. 18-19) over eastern half of
island,; damage to standing crops, wharves andl
shipping in Kingston: five persons drowned.
Census. Population 580,804.
Opening of Lazaretto at Green Bay (April 5.)
Jamaica Scholarship first awarded.
In the case of Florence. (July) 6,700 damages-
were given against the Governor and Collec-
tor-General for detaining the ship on her way
from Venezuela to St. Thomas. The British.
Government instructed the Governor to get
the Legislative Council to vote the amount.
This they declined to do, on the ground that
the action was taken in Imperial interests, the-
Auditor-General and Crown Solicitor resign-
ing their seats; and they were supported by
public opinion. It was subsequently settled:
by the Council voting half the amount, the six-
unofficial members resigning on being beaten.
Great Fire in Kingston, extending over 40 acres
(Dec. 11) Value of property destroyed esti-
mated at 150,000. In relief 11,945 was.
received from abroad: 4,810 was subscribed-
locally.
Cambridge University Local Examinations first
held (De .)
Arrival (Jan. 5) of Royal Commissioners to en-
quire into the public revenue, expenditure,.
debts and liabilities of the island.
A deputation from Jamaica waited on Derby
(Secretary of State for the Colonies) and asked'
for a legitimate control over expenditure for-
the non-official members of the legislature.
Musgrave left (April 20.)
Gamble arrived (May 4).
Norman arrived (Dec. 21).
Publication (Dec. 22) of new form of government;
nine members of the Legislative Council to be-
elected by the people-"a moderate step in ad-
vance:" the proposal meeting with disapproval-
as being inadequate.
Visit of Prince George of Wales (Feb. 24).
Norman visited Turks Island (Mar. 12-28).
The new Legislative Council elected (Sep. 8 to-
12)-5 contested elections, 4 unopposed-met..
on Sep. 30.
Norman visited Trinidad (Dee. 25-Jan; 19).


1883


1884









EVENTS ABROAD.









Elementary Education made compulsory in
Cuba
Princes, Albert Victor and George visited the
West Indies in H.M.S. Bacchantl
Hurricane in St. Kitts
French began construction of Panama Canal
Hosea disturbances at Trinidad (Oct.)












St. Kitts and Nevis made one Presidency
Supreme Court of Jamaica made Court of Ap-
peal for British Honduras



Royal Commissioners (Crossman and Baden-
Powell) into public revenue visited Leeward
Islands, St. Lucia, St. Vincent Grenada
(Apri!)



Hurricane in Dominica (Sep. 5)








British Honduras detached from Jamaica and
made a separate Colony (Oct. 31)
Hosea disturbances in Trinidad (Oct.) 18 killed


OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


RULERS.


1879


li80



1881













1882


1883






1883


1884







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GovaBNO&s.


1885


(Col. W. Clarke, adm.)


1886


1887 (CoL William Clive Jus-
tice, adm.)

1888

(Co. W. C. Justice, adm)
(CoL W. C. Justice, adm.)



1889 (Col. W. C. Justice, adm.)
Sir HmBy An~arw
BLAn


1890


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.
Extension of Railway to Porus (Feb. 26); to
Jwarton (Aug. 13).
A commission visited Canada (June) with a view
to ascertaining whether commercial reciprocity
could be arranged with the Dominion.
Public meeting in Kingston passed resolution offer-
ing the Imperial Government to garrison King-
ston by Volunteers if regulars were called to the
Soudan.
Commission appointed to enquire into the elemen-
tary education of the island.
Franchise reduced to paying of taxes of 10s. or
receipt of 50 salary.
First meeting (Oct. 1) of newly formed Parochial
Boards.
First open competition for Civil Service (Oct.)
.In December the rainfall was three times the aver-
age, and the largest on record.
Norman left for England (Dec. 10-Mar. 29) 1886.
Formation of Volunteer Militia.
Retrenchment scheme passed by the Legislative
Council (April 8).
Opposition on the part of several of the Parochial
Boards to the Poor Relief Law which created
the Board of Supervision (April).
Storms (June 27 and Aug. 20).
Education Commission's final report, recommend-
ing; (i) the provision of suitable residences for
teachers; (ii) superannuation allowance to
teachers; (iii) compulsory attendance from 7 to
13; (iv) abolition of school fees; (v) establishment
of a central Board of Education and local educa-
tion Boards.
Norman away (Feb. 2 to March 27).
Foundation of Victoria Lying-in Hospit.l, King-
a on, as a jubilee memorial of Queen Victoria.
Outbreak of small pox, which lasted into 1888.
District Court abolished, and Resident Magis-
trates Courts established (April 2).
Norman visited Cayman Islands (May 7 to 17).
Norman visited England (May 25-Aug. 27).
Assistant Bishop (C. F. Douet) added to Church
of England (Sep. 12).
Registration of Trade Marks instituted.
Norman left (Jan. 2).
Sir H. A. Blake arrived (March 9).


Sale of Railway to American syndicate for 100,000
in cash, and 700,000 in second mortgage bonds
(Jan. 1).
Loan of 180,000 raised in aid of parochial roads.
Hotels Law passed; (5 hotels were built under
it).
Post Office opened in George Town, Grand Cay-
man.







OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD.
Barbados withdrawn from Windward Islands
of which Grenada became the headquarters)
and made separate Government (March 17)
Royal Mail Co., moved their West India Head-
quarters from St. Thomas io Barbados













Hurricane in St. Vincent (Aug.)
Botanical Garden started in Grenda. Total
eclipse of sun observed at Grenada by Mr.
(now Sir) Norman Lockyer (Aug. 29)
Emancipation of slaves in Cuba (Oct. 1): End of
slavery in the West Indies.








Salvation Army commenced operations in the
West Indies.

'Great cyclone in Cuba (Sep. 1-7) and 250 houses
destroyed in Turks Island
Commencement of steamship line between Hali
fax, Bermuda and Jamaica (Sep. 26)



Tobago transferred from Windward Islands go-
vernment to that of Trinidad (Jan. 1)
Market Riot in British Guiana (March 19)
French ceased work in the Panama Caral (March)


RULERS.


1885


1888


1889



1890








CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVERNORs.


1891


1892


1893


(Maj.-Gen. Black, adm.)
..


(Maj.-Gen. Black, adm.)

(Maj.-Gen. Black, adm.)








1894 (Maj.-Gen. H. M. Ben-
gough adm).

1895


1896 (Maj.-Gen. Hallowee,
adm.)


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

Census. Population 639,491.
International Exhibition opened by Prince George
of Wales (Jan. 27), closed May 2 guarantee
fund 28,000 total visors 302,831.
Mayor and Council of Kingston dissolved for de-
fault of duty (April).
Lands Department formed.

Sir H. A. Blake away (June 2 to Nov. 28).
Tariff Amendment Law passed (Jan. 25) to meet
requirements of McKinley Act.

Abolition of Fees in Elementary Schools, made
good by a house tax Board of Education formed,
St. Catherine's Parochial Board dissolved (Jan.>
for default of duty.

Sir H. A. Blake went to Turks Islands and Cay-
man Islands.
Sir H. A. Blake, away (from June 8 to July 21).
A nominated president replaced the Governor as
president of the Legislative Council (Feb. 2&
to 29 Jan. 1894).
Major H. A. York inspected railway (May), and
reported it "generally speaking, in a satisfac-
tory condition and suitable for low rate of speed
and moderate amount of traffic."

Sir H. A. Blake away (May 15 to Nov. 10).
Military riot in Kingston (June 8).

Railway extension to Montego Bay opened (Jan-
19).
Formation of Jamaica Agricultural Society.
Elected Members of Legislative Council increased
to 14, (one for each parish) with an increase of
nominated members to 10.
Jamaca Union of teachers founded (Oct. 5).
The Pearl, schooner, was seized cff Morant Bay
for having arms and ammunition for which she
could not account. These were forfeited and
the captain fined 100.


Importation of South American Cattle prohibited

Professor Williams visited the colony and found
the cattle disease to be Texan fever, conveyed
by ticks.

Scheme of sale of Crown Lands to small settlers
instituted.
Sir H. A. Blake visited Turks and Caicoas Islands
in May; was away from July to October, andl
visited Barbados in November.
Railway extended to Port Antonio (Aug. 6).









EVENTS ABROAD.
Passing of McKinley Tariff Law
Cyclone at Martinique Aug. (18)






Alteration of Constitution of British Guiana,
by which functions of Court of Policy became
purely legislative

La Plaine Riots in Dominica (April)















Currency Riot at Belize (Dec. 16)


In Cuba revolutionary rising (April) and decla-
ration of Independence (Sep. 13)


Portuguese Riot at St .Kitts (Feb. 17)
Nonpareil Riots in Briti h Guiana (Oct.)


OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


RULERS.


1891,


1892"


1893


1894'


1895










1896.







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOvERNORS.
1897






1898 (Maj. Gen. Hallowes,
adm.)

Sir AUGUSTUS WnLanM
LAwsoN HmnrNo
(Feb. 11)
(Maj. Gen. Hallowes
gdm.)


1899












,1900


1901


(Maj. Gen. Halowes,
adm. May 10 to July 3)
(Hon. Sydney Olivier,
adm. July 3 to Nov. 2)


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.


Visit of Royal Commissioners (Sir Henry Norman
chairman) appointed to enquire into the con-
dition of the West Indian Sugar industry (Mar.
28 to April 14).
Jamaica contingent of military forces visited Eng-
land in connection with Diamond Jubilee (May
25 to July 30).
Statue of Queen Victoria unveiled (June 21) in
Kingston.
Sir H. A. Blake left Jamaica (Jan. 18).
Kingston Mayor and Council dissolved (Dr.
Ogilvie Commissioner pro tem. Jan. and Feb.)
Militia Vote increased to 7,000.
Sir A. W. L. Hemming arrived (Feb. 11).
Trustees on behalf of bondholders assumed posses-
sion of the railway, owing to failure in payment
of interest on 1st Mortgage bonds.
Sir A. W. L. Hemming away (Oct. to Nov.)
West India Weather Service instituted by United
States
Jamaica sent 2,000 to relief of Barbados and
Windward Islands from hurricane.
Education Commission (Dr. Lumb, Chairman)
issued report (Dec. 14).




Governor filled up the full number of nominated
members (by the addition of 4) of the Legis-
lative Council in order to pass the Tariff Bill
(March 22), which he declared of 'paramount
importance:' the 4 were subsequently withdrawn.
Sir David Barbour visited colndy to report
finances and Mr. Elliott o.l the Railway.
Imperial penny postage adopted in Jamaica
(May 24).
Kingston Militia volunteered (Aug. 1) for service
in South Africa: offer declined by British Govern-
ment.
Storm in Portland and St. Mary (Oct. 29).
In 1898-99 the imports from the United States
first exceeded those from the United Kingdom.
The additional four nominated members of the
Legislative Council were again appointed: and all
the elected members (except one) left the Council
Chamber, and on the following day they left
for the remainder of the session.
Resumption of possession of railway by Govern-
ment (April 11).
Sir A. W L. Hemming left (May 10).
Gen. Hallowes left (July 3).
Sir A. W. L. Hemming returned (Nov. 2).
Imperial Direct Line of Steamers inaugurated
Port Morant reached Kingston March 1. 40,000
subsidy-half from Jamaica: half from Imperial
Government
Port Royal created a separate parish (April)
Sir A. W L. Hemming visited Cuba.









EVENTS ABROAD.

Floods in Montserrat ..







Legislative Council of Antigua abrogated itself
(March 22)
Formation of Imperial Department of Agricul-
ture for the West Indies
Direct telegraphic communication between Ja-
maica and England.
Destruction of Maine in Havanna harbour
(Feb. 15). War between United States and
Spain (April 25.) Porto Rico taken by United
States. Peace protocal signed (Aug. 12).
United States flag hoisted over Porto Rico
(Oct. 18). Cuba placed under United States'
protection (Dec. 10) Spain gave up last of
her West Indian possessions.
Hurricane in Windward Islands (July 20).
Hurricane in Barbados, St. Vincent, St. Lucia,
&c., (September 10-12). 47,740 relief sent
from England.
Preferential Tariff granted to British West Indies
by Canada
Tobago made a ward of Trinidad (Jan. 1)
First annual West Indian Agricultural Con-
ference held (at Barbados) (Jan. 7)
Hurricane in Leeward Islands (Aug. 7) and (Sept.
8). Mansion House Fund 7,329.
British Guiana-Venezuela Boundary settled by
Parish tribunal


Republican form of government established in
Cuba, under American auspices (Feb. 21)
Atlas Line purchased by Hamburg-American
Line. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (Nov .18)


EDWAar VII., (Jan. 22)


OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


RUaas.


1898


1899


1900W







CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GOVERNORs.

.1902



(Hon. S. Olivier, adm.)


1903 (Hon. S. Olivier, adm.)






1904



(Hon S. Olivier, adm.
May 25 to Sept. 15.)


1904 (Hon. H. Clarence Bourne,
adm. Sept. 15-30)
Sir JAMEs ALEXANDER
SWErTTNHAM
1905





(Brigadier-Gen. Caulfield,
adm.)


1906



1907


(Hon. H. Clarence Bourne,
adm. May 3-16)
Hon. S. OLVunB
Sir STDNEr Ouviua


EVENTS IN JAMAICA.

Riot at Montego Bay (April): 2 killed, 9 wounded.

10,000 grant by Imperial Government in aid of
sugar industry pending abolition of sugar bounties
(July.)
Sir A. W. L. Hemming away (July 1 to No. 20).
1,000 voted by Legislative Council for relief
sufferers from volcanic eruptions at St. Vincent
and Martinique.
Sir A. W. L. Hemming visited Turks Island (March
12 to 19.)
Great Hurricane (Aug. 11): total loss to colony, in-
cluding following year's trade, chiefly on north-
side, estimated at 2,500,000. Sixty-five deaths
said to have been caused. Trinidad contributed
1,000. 50,000 voted as loans for relief.

Mr. D. T. Thompson, Inspector of the Local Govern-
ment Board, came to investigate quarantine
regulations (Jan.)
A Protector of Jamaica Rum in London appointed

Sir A. W. L. Hemming left May (25).
Storm (June 13.)
Accident to tube at Bog Walk, 33 men drowned
(June 27.)
Rhodes Scholarship first awarded (Aug. 23).
Mr. Olivier left (Sept. 15.)

Sir J. A. Swettenham landed September 30.)

New Hotel Titchfield at Port Antonio opened
(March 4).
The Imperial Direct Line started a line of fruit
steamers from London and the northside of the
island, via Bermuda and Turks Islands, but soon
abandoned it.
Port Royal Dockyard closed (March 31).
Sir J. A. Swettenham visited Cayman Islands
(May 2-5.)
Open competition for public service abolished
(May.)
Contract with Royal Mail Company ceased (Oct.)
Considerable alterations made in their itinerary:
the vessels for the first time going on to New York.

British Infantry stationed in the colony withdrawn
(Nov. 8).
Grant for Militia considerably reduced.


Kingston Earthquake (Jan. 14): Loss of life about
800, of property about 2,010,000.
Sir J. A. Swettenham retired (May 3).

Mr. Olivier landed (May 16).
Mr. Olivier made a K.C.M.G. (June 27).






OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTS ABROAD RULERS.

Brussels Sugar Convention signed (Mar. 5) .. 1902
Control of Cuba transferred to local govern-
ment (May 20)
Eruption at St. Vincent (May 7). Mansion
House Fund 65,769
Total grant by Imperial Parliament to assist
West Indian Sugar Industry 250,000

TWater riots at Port of Spain (March); 16 killed .. 1903
43 wounded

Coolie riot at Berbice (May).
Abolition for five years of Sugar Bounties (Sep. 1)
Republic of Panama founded (-Nov. 3)
'Treaty signed between United States and Pa-
nama for construction of the Canal (Nov. 18)
Nicaragua Government seized some Cayman 1904
Islands schooners turtling off the coast
S(April)
Establishment of the Canal Zone (May 4)
Settlement o boundary between British Guiana
and Brazil (June 6).



1904


Debate in House of Commons on West Indies 1905
(May 17)
Riot at Georgetown, British Guiana, (Nov. 30)
8 killed, 103 wounded











Resignation of President Palma of Cuba (Sept. 1908
28), and assumption of control by the United
States
Visit of President Roosevelt to the Canal Zone
(Nov. 15-17)
*Coolie riot at Trinidad (March) .. 1907
Riot at St. Lucia (April)
Floating Dock at Trinidad opened (Aug. 15)
Terms of Brussels Sugar Convention extended
to 1913
About 21,000 British subjects labouring in the
Canal Zone
Central American Peace treaties signed (Dec. 20)






CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES

GOVERNORS. EVENTS IN JAMAICA.


1908 (Hon. H. Clarence Bourne,
admn. April-June 4)

(Brig. Gen. J. W. A.
Marshall, Aug. 22-28)
(Brig. Gen. J. W. A.
Marshall, Sept. 14)

1909
(Hon. P. C. Cork, adm.
June 3 to Sept. 3)


1910


1911 (Hon. P. C. Cork, adm.
May 1 to Sep. 15; and
Nov. 11 to 23)

1912 (Hon. P. C. Cork, adm.
May 25 to July 22)

1913 (Hon. P. C. Cork, adm.)
SIR W. H. MANNINm

1914




1915

1916


1917
1918

1919



1920


(Hon. R. Johnstone adm.)
(Hon. R. Johnstone adm.)
SIm L. PROBTN.
(Hon. R. Johnstone adm.
June 22-Aug. 18)
(Hon. Col. Bryan, adm.
Aug. 18-Nov. 19)


Sir S. Olivier was away (April-June 4).
Examinations of Associated Board of R.A.M. and
R.C.M. first held.
Vere Central Sugar Factory opened (March 28)
Sir S. Olivier visited Cayman Islands.
Kingston Citizens Association formed (Sept. 9)
Sir S. Olivier.visited Turks Island with reference
to damage by storm.
Mr. H. C. Bourne died (Jan.) Mr. P. C. Cork
arrived as Colonial Secretary.
Sir Sydney Olivier away (June 3 Sept. 3).
Veiy heavy rains (Nov. 5-11).
Malaria Commission appointed (16 Oct. 1909-
3rd April, 1913.)

Wireless Telegraph Station established (Jan. 14).
First block of New Public Buildings opened.
Visit of Canadian-West Indian Royal Commission.
Sir Sydney Olivier represented the British West
Indies at the Coronation: and in November
visited the Canal Zone and Costa Rica.
Census (April) Population 831,383.
Drought. Cyclone did much damage at west end
of Island (Nov. 17-18). Second block of Pub-
lic Buildings occupied. Time of Colony was
altered to time of 75th meridian W. L. (Feb. 1).
Sir S. Olivier retired (Jan. 18)
Sir W. H. Manning landed (March 6.)
Visit of Prince Albert (March)
New branch of railway opened to Chapelton.
Examinations of Joint Board of Oxford and Cam-
bridge first held (July)
Regulations under Martial Law published (Aug.
5th.)

Hurricane (Aug. 12, 13).
Storm (Sep. 25, 26).
First Jamaica Contingent sailed (Nov. 8)
Second Jamaica Contingent sailed (Jan. 7).
Third Jamaica Contingent sailed (March 16).
Hurricane (Aug. 15 & 16) damage to crops
Fourth Jamaica Contingent sailed (Sept. 30).
Sir W. H. Manning visited the Cayman Islands
(May 28-30), and the Turks Islands (Nov.22-29).
Sir W. H. Manning on leave (Aug. 31-Dec. 10).
Hurricane (Sep. 23) damage to crops.
Sir W. H. Manning retired (May 11).
Sir L. Probyn arrived (June 12).
Col. Bryan arrived (Aug. 18).
Sir L. Probyn away from June 22 to Nov. 19.
Strikes on Tramway and on Wharves (Dec.)
Epidemic of Alastrim (June-Oct.)
Trade Agreement with Canada (June.)

Visit of Colonial Office Commission (Dee.)






OF JAMAICA HISTORY.


EVENTs ABROAD. RuERs.
Disturbances in Haiti (March and Nov.): (Dec.) .. 1908
General Nord Alexis left and came to Jamaica
Venezuelan ports closed to Dutch vessels





Republic of Cuba re-established 1909
Royal Commission appointed to deal with Trade
relations between Canada and the British West
Indies.


Severe Storm in Cuba (Oct.) Canadian West Indian GEoaRG V., (May 6) 1910
League formed

Law Appeals from British Honduras to Jamaica .1911
ceased

Reciprocal Trade Agreement between 'Canada and 1912
British West Indies (excluding Jamaica) April 9th.)

Water first let into Panama Canal .1913


GREAT Wan. Austria declared war on Serbia .. 1914
(July 28). Germany declared war on Russia
(Aug.1) and entered French Territory (Aug. 2)
and invaded Belgium. Great Britain declared
war on Germany (Aug. 4). Serbia, Montenegro
and Japan joined the allies; Turkey joined the
Central Powers 1916
Italy joined the Allies. Bulgaria joined the
Central Powers
1916
Roumania joined the Allies (August.)



United States joined the Allies (April 6). Danish 1917
West Indies sold to United States (Mar. 31)
Armistice signed (Nov. 11) .. 1918
Intercolonial Customs and Trade Conference, Tri- .. 1919
nidad (March 10).


League of Nations (Jan. 16) 1920
Germany signed Peace Terms (June 28). Prince
of Wales visited West Indies.
Founding of West Indian Agricultural College at .1921
Trinidad.






CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINES


GoVErNORs.
1922 (Hon. Col. Bryan,
adm. Sep. 4-Nov. 14)

1923

1924 (Hon. CoL Bryan.
adm. June 16-Sep. 29)
Sir SAMUEL WILSON
1925 (Sir H. Bryan
adm. June 7-Aug. 23)
(Col.-Com. Mudge,
adm. Aug. 24-Oct. 5)
(Hon. A. S. Jelf,
adm. Oct. 6)
1926 SIR EDWAID STUBBS *


EVENTS In JAMAICA-
Sir Leslie Probyn away from Sep. 4-Nov. 14
Canadian Manufacturers visited the Island (Feb).
Foot and Mouth Disease broke out (Aug.)
War Memorial Unveiled (Nov. 11)
The parishes of Kingston and St. Andrew amalga-
mated (May 1.)
Sir Leslie Probyn left (June 16)
SIR Samuel Wilson landed (Sep. 29)
A Protector of Jamaicans in Cuba appointed.
Visit of Parliamentary Delegates.
Clarendon Branch of Railway opened (March).
Sir Samuel Wi'son sailed (June 7.)
Sir Herbert Bryan sailed (Aug. 24.)
Hon. A. S. Jelf arrived (Oct. 6.)
Legislative Council ratified Canadian West Indian
Trade Agreement.
Sir Edward Stubbs landed (April 27).
Proposed amended Constitution rejected by
Legislature (Nov.)






OF JAMAICA HISTORY. .51

EveNrs ABROAD. RULEBB
Barbados swept by hurricane (Sept. 15.) .. 1922


VWest Indies Parliamentary Committee .. 1923
formed (July)
Hurricane in Leeward Islands (Aug. 28.) .. 1924
West Indian All Red Telegraph route
inaugurated (Dec. 1.)
Locarno Pact signed (Dec. 1) 1925






West Indian Conference held in London (May) 1926
Hurricanes struck Florida and Nassau (July)
and Miami and Turks Island (Sept.)
West India Regiment disbanded (Oct.)









































INS BEE%


r










tAMI
AMESICA






PUBLICATIONS TO BE OBTAINED AT THE INSTITUTE.
:o:

List of the Decaped Crustacea of Jamaica. By Mary J. Rathbun 1897 1s.
The Mineral Resources of Jamaica. By F. C. Nicholas (Illustrated) 1913 6d.
SThe Rainfall Atlas of Jamaica. By Maxwell Hall, M.A. .. 1892 2s. 6d.
The Meteorology of Jamaica. By Maxwell Hall, M.A. .. 1904 6d.
The Mosquitoes or Culicide of Jamaica. By F. V. Theobald, M.A.,
and M. Grabham, M.A., M.B. (Illustrated) .. 1905 6d.
Bibliographia Jamaicensis: A list of Jamaica books and pamphlets,
magazine articles, newspapers and maps, most of which are in
the Library of the Institute of Jamaica. By Frank Cundall 1902 6d.
Supplement to Bibliographia Jamaicensis. By Frank Cundall .. 1908 3d.
Bibliography of the West Indies (except Jamaica). By Frank
Cundall .. .. .. 1895 Is.
Jamaica Place Names. By Frank Cundall 1909 3d.
Catalogue of Portraits in the Jamaica History Gallery. By Frank
Cundall. (Illustrated) .. 1914 6d.
Historic Jamaica. By Frank Cundall. (Illustrated) 1915 2s. 6d.
Jamaica under the Spaniards. By Frank Cundall and J. L. Pietersz
(with maps) .. .. .. ... 1919 2s.
Classified List of Books in the General Library of the Institute of
Jamaica ... .. 1923 Is. 6d.
A List of the Birds of Jamaica. By Outram Bangs and Frederick
H. Kennard .. .. .. .. 1920 6d.
Plan of Kingston .. ... 1924 6d.
Jamaica's Part in the Great War. By Frank Cundall .. 1925 5s.
Chronological Outlines of Jamaica History. By Frank Cundall.. 1927 6d.




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