MR. N. W. MANLEY Q.C., M.H.L
PLAN FOR PROGRESS
Once again we come to a moment of destiny in the political
and economic life of our country.
Sixteen years ago the People's National Party began the uphill
road towards Self-Government and the building of a National Ja-
maica, began political party organisation, preached the need for a
planned economy for Jamaica.
Today, nearly all the things we stood for as pioneers have come
to be accepted by all true hearted Jamaicans Self-Government,
the party system, and planned economy.
We have been faithful to our country and to our cause and with
good heart and patience we have passed through 10 hard years as
an Opposition Party.
We believe that our time has come.
We believe that the majority of Jamaicans feel that our past
services have won us the right to ask to be given a chance to see what
we can do to make a better Jamaica.
Those ten years have not been easy for our people the rich
men are better off. But the ordinary people of all walks of life have
found life trying and difficult. The high cost of living and thebitter
burden of unemployment have continued to create hardship and des-
pair, frustration and misery.
Our national progress has been set back by indifference, by in-
competence, by the shameless use of power for personal ends.
Our people are weary of broken promises; tired of boasting.
We are all sick at the constant revelations of graft, corruption,
betrayal and self-seeking in high places.
And so everybody feels that it is time to end it all. Time to
try something now, time to give another party a chance to see what
they can do, time to seek new hope, time for new hands and clean
hands to guide the ship of state Time to try for better Time
for a change.
Therefore we offer our services with humility and a deep sense
of responsibility and ask to be judged on our record and con-
sidered for what we set out, and pledge ourselves to strive for with
all that we have to give in service to our people.
Here is the People's National Party's programme and plan for
our first five years.
THE AIMS OF THE PEOPLE'S NATIONAL PARTY-
We believe that for Jamaica a good government must set itself
these basic tasks -
(1) To increase Jamaica's wealth by the fullest use of Jamaica
resources of land, of people and ability.
(2) To prottfe'Mateady increase in opportunities for those who
are able and willing to work and to remove the burden and
scourge of unemployment from our people.
(3) To reduce the cost of living so that more money can mean
a better life for everyone.
(4) To extend our Social Services.
(5) To provide an honest and efficient government and weed
out the shame and danger of corruption from the body
(6) To prove our right to demand and to achieve full self-
government with Dominion Status in the Commonwealth.
(7) To support Federation for the British Caribbean area with
Dominion Status as the goal at the end of 5 years, so as
to provide the best possible means of developing the total
resources of the area and to create the largest opportu-
nities for all the people.
We believe in planning and we have always stood for a plan-
ned policy for Jamaica.
We know that everything cannot be done m five years but if
we are to get anywhere we must have definite aims and go after
definite goals and targets.
We therefore pledge ourselves so soon as we are returned as the
Government of Jamaica to provide a plan for our first five years of
office which will have the following broad aims and objectives.
A. To establish and carry out a Government plan for develop-
ment with an expenditure of the order of 30 million to
be spent on special programmes covering all aspects of
those government services and projects which we believe
to be possible and necessary under the following heads:-
(1) Agriculture and Land use and Development, Agricul-
tural research, food production. Agricultural credit
(2) Land Settlement
(3) Land reclamation and conservation and swamp
(5) Industrial Development
(6) Roads, Harbours, Airports.
(8) Electricity and power for Industry and the home.
(10) Health and Medical Services.
(12) Special Services and Projects including:-
(1) Establishment of National Bank.
(ii) All Island Pension Scheme.
(iii) Establishment of Bureau of Standards and
(iv) Nutrition programme.
(v) Marketing Services.
(vi) Expansion of Statistical Services and all other
services essential to a planned economy.
B. 50 Million of New Investments.
It is our aim as we progress to attract over the five year
period new investment in industry and agriculture from
both local and foreign sources of private capital of the
order of 50 million.
C. 150,000 New Jobs.
It is not possible for the People's National Party before it gets
into power to set out the precise amounts to be spent on each part
of the basic plans. That can only be done after detailed work has
been carried out by the expert staffs in the various Government de-
partments but we here state the methods and measures which we
will use and adopt
ECONOMIC AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT-
The PNP will establish a Ministry of Production.
The Minister will occupy the most important of all positions.
It will be his duty to supervise and direct the overall economic policy
of Government He will co-ordinate Agriculture and Industry and
Trade. He will see that the economic policy of Government is car-
ried out and it will be his task to fit all activities together and to de-
termine the order in which things are to be done.
It is intended to appoint an Economic Advisory Council to assist
the Minister in all aspects of development and planning.
The urgent and imperative need for a supreme effort in Agricul-
tural development, the need to make all our unused land available
for the use of the people, the need to conserve our land and to put
it to the best use these things are at last accepted in full by every-
We are beset with difficulties but fortunate in having today a
golden opportunity to help the situation by a rapid increase in pro-
duction by improved methods and by making the fullest use of our
There has never been such general agreement as to what is to
If plans are to succeed what is most needed now is organisation
and technical skills. The success of a large scale All-Island Agricul-
tural Programme will depend on the adequate provision of every type
of trained worker and the development of a crusading spirit among
the people themselves.
Equally important is the establishment of research work to in-
crease the yield per acre from our agricultural land.
We are proud and gratified to see that most of the things we
have advocated for the past 12 years have now been accepted as
essential to Jamaica's agricultural future.
In the plan we will draw up for our first 5-year term of office
a very large part of the contemplated expenditure of 30 million
will be devoted to agriculture and specific action will be taken in the
LAND FOR THE PEOPLE
Here are the details of what we will do to secure that all our
land is made available for development and to increase the National
It is essential, and we pledge to press forward and speed up
an All-Island Survey of our resources of land, to ascertain what land
is unused or not being put to the best use, to find out by soil surveys
what sort of land and how to use it. At the same time we must seek
to locate all sources of water supply for irrigation and the work of
the geological department must be strengthened and enlarged.
These basic tasks we undertake to carry out as rapidly as possible.
(B) FARM IMPROVEMENT
This programme in revised and improved form we will carry
forward and extend on an All-Island basis as set out in greater detail
later in this booklet.
(C) LAND ACQUISITION
We will introduce a Law to provide programmes whereby idle
lands which their owners are unwilling to put to use will be made
available. Schemes will involve either -
(a) Use of the lands on special terms under controlled pro-
jects of long-term development.
(b) Acquisition of such unused lands making compensation by
Land Bond Issues, the lands to be developed under Gov-
ernment supervision with the aim of settling the people on
the land as owners thereof.
(D) TENANTED PROPERTIES
We will draw up an orderly plan to acquire by Land Bond Issues
all properties and special portions of properties principally and
habitually used for rental to small tenants so as to settle the tenants
permanently on these lands.
It is proposed in the first five years to try to complete the ac-
quisition of all the properties which more or less are exclusively used
for letting to small tenants.
(E) UNIMPROVED LAND VALUE TAXATION
In aid of the drive to make land more readily available for in-
tensive use, the PNP will change the present system of land taxa-
tion and will introduce the system whereby land is only taxed on its
value as land and not on the value of the improvements thereon.
The effect of the tax will be:
(i) The landowner who keeps broad acres idle will have to
work his land or sell it to others who are prepared to
(ii) To remove the unfair penalty of extra taxation paid by the
Landowner who improves his land by his own efforts and
by spending Capital.
(F) LAND SETTLEMENT
We will resume Land Settlement Schemes organised on com-
pletely new lines with emphasis on co-operative methods and planned
progammes of development. We will see that adequate finance is
provided to cover the development programmes.
(G) SWAMP RECLAMATION
We will tackle the problem of Swamp Reclamation with the
BETTER USE OF LAND AND THE DRIVE FOR PRODUCTION
AND TO BETTER THE LIFE OF THE FARMERS:-
This heading embraces every aspect of Agricultural policy. We
can only set out the most important items and state what we under-
take to do.
A. FARM IMPROVEMENT, FREE GRANTS & LOAN-AmID PLAN
The Farm Improvement Scheme was planed by the Agricultural
Policy Committee in 1941 and has had the approval and support of
the PNP from that time. Experience has been gained in recent
years and especially in the course of the Farm Recovery Programme
which was carried out after the 1951 hurricane.
What is needed now is to revise and improve the scheme in the
light of that experience.
It will be a priority job for the PNP to prepare such a revised
scheme on the following lines:-
(i) Scope: The plan will be an All-Island plan to include
all owners of land and all tenants who obtain reasonable
security of tenure.
(ii) The plan will be based on the overall production plans
for the island and special attention will be paid to:
(a) Soil capability
(b) Export crop requirements
(c) Food production
(d) An All-Island Nutrition Programme.
(iii) Partly by free grants and partly by loan at low interest
rates, substantial aid will be given to Farmers for basic
tasks including particularly:-
(a) Land clearance and Fencing
(b) Soil conservation and drainage
(c) Irrigation and Water Supplies
(d) Farm implements and fertilisers
(e) Livestock improvement
(f) Crop development
The proportion of grant to loan will be scaled to
meet the requirements of the particular project and
the needs of the particular farmer.
(iv) A better administrative programme will be devised.
(v) Special care will be taken to provide adequate staff of all
the various types of trained personnel that the plan will
(vi) It will be our prime concern to co-ordinate the programme
with the work of the Jamaica Agricultural Society, the All-
Island Producer organizations and the Agricultural De-
B. LAND AUTHORITIES
This is one of the oldest of PNP proposals and we will extend
this programme to other areas as may be necessary.
The start made by the present Government, however, has not
been given full opportunity to succeed as money and staff are lack-
ing and the programme has not been geared to a general produc-
We will be concerned to see that the Land Authorities are ade-
quately provided with staff and with money. We will insist that their
work shall be co-ordinated with All-Island production plans and inte-
grated with the work of existing All-Island Agricultural organizations.
We will explore every possibility for developing irrigation and
press on with all existing plans.
Closely connected with the development of the water resources
is the question of expanding our power resources and bringing elec-
tricity to villages and power for irrigation to Farmers.
We will insist that the expansion of Electric supply keep pace
with the Social, Agricultural and Industrial requirements of the coun-
try and we will not hesitate where necessary to provide special sup-
plies for special needs.
E. FOOD FORESTS
Where lands are not suited for ordinary cultivation the PNP
will carry out schemes for establishing food bearing trees in the place
of the ordinary Forestry programmes.
The Plan will be two-fold:
(1) Financial help for owners of land who are willing to take
part in this project.
(2) Schemes in other cases will be undertaken and maintained
by Government itself.
F. FOOD PRODUCTION
The improvement of our ability to feed ourselves and of the
Standards of nutrition is a major matter.
In this connection the PNP will undertake the following
(i) We will institute a Research Programme to improve the
production standards of all the food crops grown and
produced in Jamaica.
(ii) We will pay special attention to the needs of fishermen
and the fishing industry. This industry needs a pro-
gramme of aid by grant and loan for equipment and sup-
plies parallel to the programme for farmers. The pre-
servation of fishing rights over beaches will receive care-
ful and adequate attention. We will stimulate the
programme for inland fish culture in ponds.
(iii) We will foster a comprehensive nutrition programme in-
cluding research and mass Education on an All-Island
(iv) We will institute research on processing and preserving
our food crops.
(v) We will increase facilities for cold storage and packing
of our products.
(vi) We will encourage the provision of cheap foods for live-
stock and essential research to this end will be done.
(vii) Provision of equipment and fertilisers will be a major
(viii) Marketing: We will seek to establish a proper system
for the distribution of local products. Measures to give
price security will be adopted and incentives provided for
special crops required by a sound nutrition programme.
G. SECONDARY INDUSTRIES
Special consideration will be given to whatever is necessary to
invigorate the secondary industries (canning etc.) which are based
on our agricultural crops.
We pledge the fullest support to the All-Island Producer bodies,
and the Agricultural Development Corporation. In regard to our
export trade in Agriculture, our aim will be constantly to represent
the need for and to seek to secure guaranteed markets and security
of prices under long term contracts wherever possible.
We will investigate and seek to establish every minor crop for
which a market may be found abroad.
Every effort will be made to supply West Indian needs now that
shipping is beginning to be available.
L. SERVICES IN AID OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
1. Agricultural Education and the expansion of the service
of trained personnel for Agricultural programmes is a matter we will
put in the forefront of the programme.
We have in mind:
(i) A Faculty of Agriculture at the University College of
the West Indies.
(ii) An enlarged Farm School at a new location.
(iii) Extension of Vocational Schools.
(iv) Special short term training schemes.
(v) A wider programme of Agricultural Scholarships.
(vi) Maximum extension of 4-H Club work.
(vii) Fullest development of the Co-operative movement.
2. The required development of Statistical Services with a
special section to supply basic material for problems of Agricultural
3. The development of a Bureau of Standards related to Can-
ning, Processing, Packing, Cold Storage and similar matters affecting
agriculture as well as matters primary industrial concern.
FINANCE AND AGRICULTURAL CREDIT
The Agricultural Development Programme requires a complete
revision of the credit system as it applies to Agriculture.
We intend to establish an Agricultural Credit Corporation to
make credit available to farmers and farmers credit organizations.
Long term and short term credit must be made available to all
credit-worthy farmers and the provision of credit will be an instru-
ment in aiding and giving specific direction to all programmes for
The PNP has always insisted that it was necessary to build our
economy on the twin pillars of Agriculture and Industry. On that
basis alone can we hope to deal with the problem of unemployment.
A. FOREIGN INVESTORS
We pledge the fullest support and the maintenance and improve-
ment of all schemes and laws designed to attract foreign capital to
Jamaica for investment in local industry. We guarantee to maintain
the utmost good faith in our relations with foreign investors and to
give them security and protection in all proper ways. We explicitly
repudiate and condemn all talk to the contrary as mere election pro-
B. THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
The long overdue establishment of this important organisation
was welcomed by the PNP. It was the key measure in our Indus-
trial plan of 1949 and it came almost as a direct result of our work
in the House 1950-1951.
Whilst we recognize that the Corporation has done its best
within the framework of present policies, we are not satisfied with
the policy which restricts its activities to so large an extent. It suffers
from lack of finance and is therefore unable to pursue a vigorous
policy of aiding local industries. It is unable to do any research
work or to pioneer in industries that private capital is unwilling to
deal with. It is not allowed to develop the Industrial Estate in an
adequate way. It contributes little or nothing to the financing of
The PNP plans to maintain and enlarge the scope and broaden
the activities of the Industrial Development Corporation and a sub-
stantial part of the contemplated public expenditure in our 5-year
programme will be devoted to the work of this body.
We will insist on the fullest development of our power resources
which can only remain in private ownership provided the needs of
Industry and Agriculture and Consumer demand are met An end
must be put to the out-of-date handicap of the 40 cycle system of
D. SERVICES IN AID OF INDUSTRY
We believe that the best method of stimulating investment in
Industry is by creating the basic conditions in which Industry will
flourish coupled with a vigorous advertising and promotion campaign
among potential local and foreign investors.
To this end we propose:-
(i) To establish an Industrial Information Service with out-
lets in Great Britain, Canada and the United States.
(ii) To set up a Department of Industrial and Market Re-
search and make arrangements for this Department to
work in close co-operation with the Faculty of Science
and the Institute of Social and Economic Research of
the University College.
(iii) To provide an up-to-date training in industrial skills
and technologies as an integral part of our Educational
Programme, so that the industrialist can have a pool
of skilled labour on which to draw. In conjunction with
this we deem the establishment of a proposed Appren-
ticeship System to be essential and shall enact legisla-
tion to this end.
(iv) To foster the establishment of an organisation of indus-
(v) To improve external communications:-
(a) By providing better Harbour, Port and Airport
facilities particularly in Kingston, Montego Bay
and Port Antonio. This shameful neglect by the
present Government which has led to the de-
teriorating condition of the Harbour and Port of
Kingston threatens serious consequences and shall
be remedied without delay.
(b) By pressing vigorously for action in conjunction
with other West Indian Islands to develop the
Caribbean Shipping Service.
(vi) To improve internal communications:-
(a) By better road maintenance and the construction
of more feeder roads to connect hinterland areas
with the main arterial roads. This will also have
great beneficial effects on our Agricultural develop-
(b) By a radical reorganisation and reform of Public
Transport outside the Corporate Area which is
at present irrational, chaotic and inefficient in the
(vii) To provide properly staffed and efficient Employment
Bureaus covering the main towns in the island.
(viii) To promote and encourage good Labour Relations and
responsible Trade Union practices. The present Labour
Department must be expanded and strengthened. Sub-
Offices will be opened immediately in important towns
as required. We believe that a fair and just treatment
of Labour is the best guarantee of good Labour Rela-
tions and have set out later our policy in regard to
E. SMALL INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
There are many small craftsmen throughout the island, who
render great service in swelling the National Income of Jamaica.
Many of these craftsmen experience great difficulty in obtaining the
necessary tools of equipment of their trades. They have recourse to
private money-lenders who charge exorbitant rates of interest. They
cannot obtain loans from the Banks as larger concerns may.
The PNP therefore intends to establish a Small Industries Credit
Corporation which will advance money to such craftsmen provided
that they use the loans for the purpose of obtaining tools and equip-
The Party recognizes that co-operative organisation is essential
among such artisans and craftsmen and the Small Industries Credit
Corporation will give special regard to providing this assistance through
such organised bodies of craftsmen.
F. SUPPLY POOLS
Since most industry requires basic supplies from abroad and since
they can be most advantageously purchased in bulk we will estab-
lish as a form of government aid, basic supply pools for special types
of raw materials needed by Industry.
G. FINANCIAL POLICY AND PROTECTION FOR
(1) Tax Benefits To Industry
We accept the principle of providing tax benefits to encourage
the establishment of local industries. In addition, we propose the
(a) Revision of the present Pioneer Industries Law so as to
encourage by similar tax remission not only the establish-
ment of new industries but the expansion of existing in-
(b) Revision of the Law in such a way as to give greater pro-
portional benefit to industries that employ large numbers
of Jamaicans. The present Law has the opposite effect.
(2) Protection For Local Industries
It is essential that if local industry is to develop it must be
given a protected home market and the importation of foreign com-
peting articles strictly controlled. We propose to give the fullest
possible protection to the locally produced product
In order to prevent this protection being abused to the detri-
ment of the Consumer it will be as conditions of such protection:-
(a) That the protected article be sold at a fair price.
(b) That the protected article be submitted annually to the
inspection of a Bureau of Standards set up by Govern-
(3) Public Investment In Industry
In addition to Public Investment to provide the basic require-
ments for Industrial Expansion as mentioned above, we propose a
vigorous programme of direct Government investment in industry
to supplement private capital. This must be one of the main func-
tions of the Industrial Development Corporation.
Its present basic working capital of less than 1 million is
antastically inadequate and must be increased to at least 3 mil-
lion for the start.
The People's National Party recognizes that Labour must play
its full part in the economic march forward to better days.
The PNP believes that if democracy as an ideal is to have a
real meaning to the workers of Jamaica the miserable conditions of
the working life of the vast majority of the people will have to be
removed and replaced with economic security in higher standards of
living, full employment and reasonable protection in old age.
It approves and endorses the Industrial objectives of the Na-
tional Workers Union as approved by the Union's 1953 Conference.
It agrees that until the National Income of Jamaica is distributed
more satisfactorily there cannot exist that feeling of satisfaction that
is necessary among our working class people.
The PNP therefore includes in its programme the following NWU
1. Annual Vacation Leave with full pay, and a satisfactory
Sick Leave with Pay system.
2. Adequate wage-scales (wider distribution of the National
Income) and a 45-hour week so as to allow workers to pro-
vide themselves with good food, clothing, housing, leisure
Recognising the crippling incidence of unemployment in
Jamaica as the greatest obstacle to Economic Security all
attempts to promote investment of local and foreign capital
in Jamaican industry on a sound basis must be endorsed.
The aim of wage policy should be to secure the maximum
wage compatible with securing and maintaining new in-
vestments but it is recognized that workers may have in
particular cases to accept wages that can only be justified
on the footing that an industry is being built up and has
yet to prove it can succeed.
3. Equal pay for women when doing work of the same stan-
dard and quality as men.
4. Establishment of proper Apprenticeship Laws and the set-
ting up of a Jamaican Institute of Technology so as to have
proper training facilities to produce well-trained workmen,
with a system of scholarships tenable at that Institute.
5. That study leave be given for Government Subordinate
workers and every opportunity be given to enable any worker
of ability to qualify for the highest positions obtainable in
such a department or any other Government Department.
6. The setting up of effective Industrial Relations machinery
for the settlement of industrial disputes between employers
and workers and between the Government and its employees.
7. Adequate industrial protection for all workers employed in
industries operated under public franchise or enjoying pro-
tection or subsidy directly or indirectly.
8. A review of the present regulations governing the condi-
tions of employment of Government and quasi-Government
9. Pensions for Government Subordinate employees on the
same basis as Civil Servants and the establishment of a
National Old Age Insurance Scheme.
10. Provision of training for Domestic service.
11. Reasonable working hours for domestic helps.
12. Rigid application of the Factory Law.
13. Vigorous prosecution of defaulters who do not abide by
Minimum Wage proclamations.
12 o'clock on half-holidays, and uniformity of hours for
opening and closing shops under this Law as far as prac-
ticable to conform with a 45-hour week.
14. The closing of shops under the Shop Assistants Law at
15. Decent housing and sanitary conditions on Estates for cane
and other agricultural workers.
16. Abolition of Child Labour.
17. A fair Labour Code.
18. Specialised attention to Sugar and Banana workers problems.
19. Complete overhaul of provisions of the Workmen's Com-
pensation Law including the size, scope and coverage of
benefits provided by Law. This specifically to include
sugar, banana and agricultural workers.
20. To revise and bring up-to-date all laws affecting labour and
The problem of assistance to the unemployed, pending the estab-
lishment of a National Unemployment Scheme, must be favourably
considered. A scheme for providing systematic assistance, in cases
of hardship among the unemployed, will be instituted.
There must be workers' representation on bodies operating under
public franchise or as public corporations in equal proportion to the
other interests represented on such bodies.
The PNP accepts the principle of Joint Production Boards in
private industry as well as in industries under public ownership or
operated under public franchise.
THE TOURIST AND HOLIDAY TRADE-
The PNP will give the fullest support to the Tourist Holiday
We will pay special attention to:-
(a) The proper development of our mineral baths.
(b) The provision of adequate amenities in the Towns and
Villages where the principal hotels are located and to im-
proving and beautifying those towns.
(c) The fullest use of our own agricultural products in the
hotel business with special reference to poultry and vege-
(d) The development of a trade to cater for persons in the
middle income group who require cheaper facilities than
are obtainable in the luxury hotels.
(e) The requirements of our own holiday makers and the pre-
servation for public use of desirable facilities for sea-bathing.
(f) Encouraging the promotion of an Annual Festival in Ja-
maica, West Indian music, painting, dance, sculpture and
handicrafts which will not only be a filip to the Tourist
trade but will have beneficial effects on the development
of West Indian Culture and Art
THE SOCIAL SERVICES-
Jamaica has begun to develop a National outlook in regard to
some of the more important aspects of Social, Medical, and Health
In regard to social security in its wider aspects there has been
a scandalous neglect of our obligations to disabled or injured work-
ers, to old persons no longer able to work and the unemployed and
Equally scandalous has been the disregard for the harassing
effect of the high cost of living, particularly in regard to the basic
essentials of life.
We recognize that the expansion of all the Social Services is re-
lated to our economic progress. Nonetheless, more must be done and
comprehensive plans indicating our aims must be laid down and will
be pursued as far and as fast as is possible.
The basic aims of the Party are:-
(i) To provide equal opportunities for Education for all
(ii) To unify the Educational System of Jamaica.
(iii) To abolish illiteracy.
(iv) To provide trained persons for all our own requirements
in the fields of Government, Education, the Social Services,
Agriculture and Industry.
1. PRIMARY EDUCATION
We must aim at providing within a period of five years all the
school buildings and equipment and a sufficient number of teachers
to take care of all children within the primary school age limits.
To this end there must be a large annual provision for the build-
ing programme of Schools.
There must be a parallel programme for housing for Teachers.
New and if need be as yet untried methods and experiments must
be adopted both in regard to building and school organisation.
We will enlarge the Training facilities for Teachers and Emer-
gency Training Schemes will be developed in the initial stages of our
programme for universal Elementary Education.
Better provision must be made for Teachers as to salaries,
conditions of work and security of tenure.
2. TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING
A programme of improving Technical Education will be a
A technical school adequate for our growing industrial needs will
be established in the Corporate Area.
Other technical institutes outside of Kingston will be established.
3. SCHOLARSHIPS AND GRANTS-IN-AID FUND
The establishment of a Scholarships and Grants-in-Aid Fund to
provide Scholarships to agricultural, handicraft, technical and sec-
ondary schools to graduates of elementary schools who reach the re-
quired standard and who are unable wholly or in part to meet the
cost of further education.
This Fund will be increased from time to time as our own re-
sources permit with the objective of providing every child desirous
and capable of profiting from further education with the opportunity
of obtaining it.
4. SECONDARY SCHOOLS
The PNP recognizes the need to maintain our secondary schools
at the highest level of efficiency and value. We will pay special atten-
tion to the need for trained teachers for those schools.
We strongly favour a unified Educational System for Jamaica.
Therefore, we will continue to develop secondary branches in Primary
Schools, and also will introduce measures to increase the extent to
which admission to Government-aided Secondary Schools is on the
basis of merit and ability.
Income Tax relief in aid of Education will be given. This will
be dealt with more fully in another section.
5. ADULT EDUCATION
(i) We pledge to introduce immediately an island-wide cam-
paign to remove illiteracy.
(ii) We will give the fullest support to every programme and
every activity which in a general way aids the educational
development of our people in the widest sense. Com-
munity development programmes, the Co-operative move-
ment, 4-H Clubs, these and all the like movements will
command our constant support and every effort to enlarge
(iii) A wider development of the educational opportunities
of the Radio and an All-Island provision of Community
Radios or listening posts.
(iv) An increased use of subsidized educational films in aid
of all aspects of economic, social and cultural development.
(v) Expansion of free library services.
6. SCHOOL MEAL PROGRAMME
The programme for providing lunch at school will be put on a
National basis. Hungry children cannot learn.
The programme will, however, be related to the All-Island Nutri-
tion plan which we will institute.
7. THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF THE WEST INDIES
We pledge our fullest support to the University College and will
collaborate with all the other British Caribbean Territories to secure
and maintain the fullest development of all its activities in all their
bearing on the general development of the Caribbean area.
HEALTH AND MEDICAL SERVICES
The problem of disease and illness in the island is as much due
to lack of Education and poor standards of living as to inadequate
medical services. Economic development and a rise in the standard
of living will in itself do much to improve these matters. But island-
wide nutrition schemes and special attention to the needs of child-
ren are imperatives. Of almost equal importance are matters affect-
ing sanitation and provision must be made for improving sanitary
A. THE MEDICAL SERVICES
1. The medical facilities in the Corporate Area will be en-
larged as a priority job. This will include enlarged and
improved hospital service, enlarging the Maternity Service,
improving the collateral services especially in regard to pro-
vision for laboratory work of every sort. An isolation hos-
pital is essential.
2. In addition to providing additional hospitals for country
areas special attention will be paid to the systematic increase
of health centres and mobile units.
3. Dental services for children will be put on an improved basis.
4. Efforts will be made for the establishment of a School of
Dentistry at the University College of the West Indies.
5. A plan for the provision of eye glasses for indigent persons
will be established.
6. The conditions of work and standards of pay in the field
of nursing and health work will receive immediate attention.
The state of our Housing is a national scandal, demanding the
most urgent attention. We reject entirely the one-room standard
for Housing programmes.
(1) To establish a Housing Laboratory to conduct research
and experiment for the purpose of finding the economical
materials and type of structure suitable to our climatic
(2) A gradual programme of slum clearance beginning with
the Corporate Area.
(3) Amendment of the present Rent Restriction Law, particu-
larly in relation to the encouragement of proper mainten-
ance of buildings.
(4) To organise self-aided schemes as a National effort with
assistance and in the form of:-
(a) Subsidised building materials.
(b) Trained organizers and technical help.
(5) To institute schemes in aid of housing programmes for
middle income groups.
(6) Village expansion schemes will be developed and special
attention paid to the housing needs in Agricultural areas
and to the improvement of essentially needed estate
(7) Our building Laws will be revised as a priority job.
C. DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES
The PNP regards adequate water supplies for domestic needs
as one of the basic elements of civilised life.
We will speed up the programme and aim within 5 years at pro-
viding for everyone in Jamaica reasonable access to a supply of pure
water for the household use.
D. OLD AGE PENSION
It is becoming widely recognized that civilized communities owe
a duty of care to their individual citizens when these citizens en-
counter misfortune through no fault of their own. It is intolerable
that after a lifetime of service to the community any citizen should be
left in destitution when he becomes too old to work. The PNP, there-
fore, intends within the limits of our resources and as soon as possible,
to institute an adequate scheme for Old Age Pension.
E. COST OF LIINo
One of the hardest things our people have had to bear in the
past 10 years has been the burden of the increase in the cost of living
including the cost of food and clothing and the everyday needs of life.
Increase of pay or of earnings from Agriculture have been more
than swallowed up by increases in the price of goods.
We must remedy these things and the following steps will re-
ceive close consideration and action where possible:-
(1) A drive for increased local food production.
(2) Reduction of import duties on essential supplies of food
(3) Price control and subsidies for the most essential things.
Nobody knows exactly where we stand in Jamaica in regard
to unemployment because Government has for many years ignored
this matter and the statistical department has been made weak so as
to make it impossible for it to maintain any system whereby we could
know from time to time what the real facts were.
It is safe to say, however, that over 150,000 people do not have
steady work. Every year another 15,000 who reach working age
are added to the army of those who seek work.
The development programme aims to provide enough new jobs
over the next 5 years to make a substantial reduction in the num-
bers of unemployed.
Industrial and Agricultural Expansion must in the long run
provide the opportunities for work.
Help will, however, have to be given by Public Works Schemes.
There must be no extravagant waste of money and the Schemes must
be as such as to bring real and lasting benefit to the island and at
the same time make the fullest possible use of men.
FINANCING THE PROGRAMME--
1. GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON THE DEVELOPMENT
The DevAlopment Programme will have to be financed in 3
(ii) Jamaica's Revenue;
(iii) Grants-in-Aid from England.
Government policy must encourage, attract, and protect capital
from outside sources. Government policy must stimulate local sav-
ings and must aim at directing more of these savings into Industrial
and Agricultural activities.
We pledge ourselves to that Policy and to an intensive study in
all the ways and means whereby local savings can be increased for
use in economic development.
We will have to borrow on a larger scale than ever before con-
templated from British and International sources. We must make a
determined effort to interest the Export-Import Bank of the United
States and the Caribbean Division of the International Bank of Re-
construction in our problems. We believe that sensible plans for
development can obtain Capital from these sources. We do not
think that this proposal will affect our ability to raise loans in Eng-
land and we believe and trust that the British Government will sup-
port such financial efforts.
We believe also that more could be done by a Government which
showed itself competent and worthy of the confidence of the people
of the country to raise capital by borrowing from local sources if the
jobs were tackled with imagination and determination. Once the de-
velopment programme we envisage gets underway the resulting in-
crease in National Income will enable an increasing proportion of
investment capital to be obtained by taxation and local borrowing.
This requires, however, that it starts on a scale sufficiently large
to prevent its initial impact being immediately absorbed by the effect
of our ever increasing population.
Tentative and faint-hearted beginnings will achieve nothing.
MONETARY AND TAXATION POLICY
(1) THE NATIONAL BANK
The establishment of a National Bank is a key point in our
The existing Commercial Banks do not provide and could not
be expected to provide appropriate and adequate means for financing
our development programme.
Neither is the Government able, under the present circumstances
to exercise that control over monetary policy which is essential for
effective economic planning.
The National Bank will perform the following functions:-
(1) Control the provision of credit in accordance with Govern-
ment's economic policy.
(2) Issue currency with the sole right of Note Issue.
(3) Perform the functions now performed by the Currency
(4) Perform the general banking and agency services for the
Government now performed by Commercial Banks and
the Crown Agents for the Colonies.
(5) Provide custody of the Cash Reserves of the Commercial
Banks and facilitate their clearing arrangements.
(II). TAXATION POLICY
Our Taxation Policy will be concerned:-
(a) To encourage productive capital development and to give
incentives to that end.
(b) To encourage and stimulate local savings.
(c) To protect local enterprise and industry.
(d) To reduce the cost of the essentials of life.
(e) To spread the burden of taxation more fairly.
(f) To give special relief for expenditure of value to the com-
munity and its future. In particular we will -
(i) Give substantial Income Tax exemption for money
spent in School Fees.
(ii) Exempt from Income Tax money spent in charitable
schemes and other matters of national interest as
approved by Government.
(iii) Give favourable consideration to raising the exemp-
tion limit for Income Tax.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM-
There is a general agreement that we must stop ignoring the
need for Local Government Reform.
The PNP is largely responsible for the present proposals for the
reform of the KSAC. These proposals may well be used as a model
for Parochial Boards generally.
The vital needs are for:-
(a) Better financial provision.
(b) Freedom from excessive control by Central Government.
(c) A wider range of activities more closely related to the
day to day life, comfort and happiness of the people.
THE CORPORATE AREA
The Corporate Area presents special problems as the largest city
in Jamaica and the gateway to the island. These problems have been
sadly ignored by Government in the past five years. We will pay
special attention to the major problems such as the extension of the
Sewerage Works and to all aspects of development, for the city.
The PNP is proud of the fact that the Constitution we prepared
and placed before Jamaica and demanded in 1941, at last in 1953
became the Constitution under which we are now governed. Self-
Government is now accepted by everyone as the immediate goal of
our political life. Those who fought against it and ten years ago cam-
helped to win it for Jamaica.
We deplore the constant setbacks that the present Majority
Party have forced us to undergo. Right down to this year when the
dishonest farce about the additional constituencies was played out be-
tween the British Government and the Labour Party they have put
their own interest before their country's freedom.
We hope next year that a Constitution providing for full Self-
Government in Local affairs will come into being.
It is our aim and we trust the aim of all forward-looking people
in Jamaica to achieve Dominion Status in the British Commonwealth
by the end of the next five-year period either within a Caribbean
Federation or on our own and in our own right.
We always have and always will be foremost in advocating
Federation for the British Caribbean area with Dominion Status. To
that end we will work.
HONESTY AND INTEGRITY-
We end this far-reaching and forward looking statement of our
aims with an appeal to our fellow countrymen.
Our National future depends upon the start we make and the
foundations we lay in these days for the beginning of our National life.
The last ten years have seen a terrible decay in standards of
public honesty. It has ranged from cheap and petty dishonesty to
monstrous crimes of betrayal of the very foundations of good Gov-
It has included a shameless abuse of power for personal ends
and a constant confusion between the public purse and private pro-
Large sections of the people, indeed whole constituencies are
threatened and victimised because they have dared to prefer the
Opposition Party to the Party in power.
No cause has been sacred and no national interest safe from
their marauding hands and grasping fingers.
It is time to put an end to these things. Time to restore self-
respect and decency to political control.
We seek the opportunity to make a change.
The time has passed when the people can be fooled by childish
and dishonest falsehoods about our Party.
The young men and young women of Jamaica are looking to
us for the hope of a better life. The fathers and mothers share their
The workers served by the National Workers Union have come
to look to our own alliance with that Union as the hope of the work-
ing-class movement in Jamaica.
We pledge our support to the Cause of Democratic Socialism
and the Christian way of life.
We pledge to support the equality before the law of all men.
We pledge our resolute opposition to Communism and to all
forms of dictatorship and interference with human rights and human
We pledge to take from no man that which is his and to make
fair payment for all those things which the Government may require
for National ends.
We are firmly and unalterably opposed to -
The watch words of our programme are:
We believe in our people and our future. We believe our time
Give us the opportunity to serve Jamaica.
Vote for a change with the PNP.
TIME FOR A CHANGE.
Give Us The
Vote for a
TIME FOR A CHANGE!
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