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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Background
 PPC / WID strategic workplan
 Accessing PPC / WID assistance
 Project index
 Selection criteria for access to...














Group Title: A.I.D. program for women in development : : a user's guide to the Office of Women in Development
Title: A.I.D. program for women in development
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 Material Information
Title: A.I.D. program for women in development a user's guide to the Office of Women in Development
Alternate Title: AID program for women in development
Physical Description: 10 p. : ;
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Agency for International Development
Publisher: U.S. Agency for International Development
Place of Publication: Washington DC
Publication Date: 1990
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Subject: Women in development   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 42782481

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Background
        Page 1
    PPC / WID strategic workplan
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Accessing PPC / WID assistance
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Project index
        Page 7
        Page 7a
        Page 7b
        Page 7c
        Page 7d
        Page 7e
        Page 7f
        Page 7g
        Page 7h
        Page 8
    Selection criteria for access to PPC / WID assistance
        Page 9
        Page 10
Full Text












A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT


A USER'S GUIDE TO THE


OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT


FY 1990


I^__

























A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT


A USER'S GUIDE TO THE OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT



FY 1990





















Office of Women in Development
Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination
Agency for International Development
Washington, DC 20523-0041


Revised 12/89









TABLE OF CONTENTS


PAGE

I. BACKGROUND.... ................. ................... 1


II. PPC/WID STRATEGIC WORKPLAN....................... 2

A. Sectors....................................... 2
B. Primary Focus Areas......................... 3
C. Services..................................... 3
D. Linkages Between Primary Focus Areas
and Services................................. 4


III. ACCESSING PPC/WID ASSISTANCE..................... 5

A. Funding Mechanisms........................ 5

B. Project Index.......... ..... ................. 7

AWID ......................................... 7a
General Matching Reserve..................... 7b
ABEL ........................................ 7c
CAER......................................... 7d
PEDS II...................................... 7e
AMIS.. .............. ......................... 7f
GEMINI.. ..................................... 7g
PPC/WID Technical Staff..................... 7h


IV. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ACCESS TO PPC/WID
ASSISTANCE....................................... 9 9








A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR INTEGRATION OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
STRATEGIES, PROGRAMS, AND PROJECTS


I. BACKGROUND

The Office of Women in Development has prepared a
strategic program that supports the A.I.D. Administrator's WID
Action Items cable and Congressional legislation which mandates
the integration of gender consideration in all Agency strategies,
programs, and projects. The Agency is required to:

o incorporate women as beneficiaries of and contributors to
its development activities at the level proportionate to
their participation in the sector or to their
representation in the total population, whichever
proportion is higher;

o ensure that AID's country strategy, program, project,
non-project assistance, and reporting documents explicitly
describe strategies to involve women, identify benefits
and impediments to women's participation in development,
and establish benchmarks to measure women's participation
in and benefits from development activities;*

o collect sex-disaggregated data in all its research or
data-gathering activities;*

o develop WID Action Plans for all Bureaus and USAIDs;

develop and implement a WID training program for A.I.D.
staff;

o increase its participant training activities for women;

o increase levels of girls' access to and participation in
primary and secondary education;

o ensure that senior-level staff from the regional and
technical bureaus are actively involved in decision making
activities with respect to WID; and

o report to Congress on the activities, achievements, and
obstacles encountered in reaching its goals.


* When such efforts/activities are difficult to achieve,
Bureaus and USAIDs will ensure that there is substantive
analysis of the obstacles preventing completion of such
efforts and will include an explanation of how these
obstacles will be overcome.








Congress has authorized $5 million annually, managed by
PPC/WID, to assist A.I.D. in meeting these requirements.
Legislation states that these monies are to be used to
"supplement and encourage additional spending for women and
expansion of development activities...not as a substitute for
other A.I.D. funds that benefit women's development." Congress
also requires that these matching monies be specifically used to
assist USAIDs with their WID-related activities.


II. PPC/WID STRATEGIC WORKPLAN

Primary Goal: To optimize the use and expansion of.women's
productive capacity to ensure sustainable national economic and
social progress.

Intermediate Objectives:

o To provide intellectual and technical leadership

o To increase awareness of, information about, and skills for
addressing gender issues

o To help establish systems and procedures to ensure gender
issues are incorporated cross-sectorally in all Agency
policies, programs, projects, research activities,
information systems, and in multilateral and bilateral
policy dialogue efforts

The WID Office's role in fulfilling this plan is to promote,
encourage, assist in, and report on efforts that effectively
integrate women as full beneficiaries of and contributors to
economic and social progress in all Agency development
activities. The following sections describe WID office
activities in terms of sectors covered, areas of primary focus,
and services offered.

A. Sectors

By concentrating on the following sectors and relating them
to the activities of USAIDs and central and regional bureaus, the
WID Office directs its efforts where experience shows gender
consideration to be a significant factor in strategy, program,
and project success. These sectors are:

o agriculture
o private enterprise (including formal and informal, small-
and micro-scale enterprise)
o education
o environment and natural resources








B. Primary Focus Areas


Taking its direction from A.I.D.'s primary emphasis of
assisting developing nations achieve sustainable and broad-based
economic growth, the WID office focuses on the following areas:

o Labor, employment, and production, which examines women's:

-- productive roles
employment patterns
participation in formal and informal markets in rural
and urban settings

o Economic policy reform and adjustment, which examines:

linkages between economic policy reform and women's
economic roles, productive capacity, and response to
economic incentives

o Human capital development and social services, which
examines:

-- linkages between women's productive capacity and the
development and maintenance of human capital, their
own and that of their children

C. Services

The Office of Women in Development offers the following
services to missions and bureaus:

o Research and analysis by helping collect primary and
secondary data to establish an information data base and
analysis capability. Services include analysis of existing
information, identification of data gaps, and promotion of
original research.

o Technical assistance by providing substantive assistance
in the design, implementation, and evaluation of projects
and programs. Services include development of mission WID
strategies, portfolio reviews, and assistance with
activities such as preparation of CDSS's, Action Plans, and
in field analysis, implementation, or preparation of PIDs,
PPs, and evaluations.

o Training by promoting awareness of, information about,
and skills for addressing gender issues in design,
implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of strategies,
programs, and projects. Services include training of key








project and program officers; Mission-specific training;
A.I.D./W Bureau orientation and strategic planning
sessions; training of contract teams, PVO/NGO personnel,
and others with WID-related responsibilities; and training
of trainers.

o Information dissemination and management by communicating
the results of research and analysis, technical assistance,
and training to all A.I.D. staff, the international donor
community, and host country organizations. Services
include establishing procedures to assure effective two-way
communication to gather and disseminate lessons learned
from development experts.

D. Linkages Between the Primary Focus Areas and Services

There is a close relationship among all facets of PPC/WID's
Primary Focus Areas and its Services. Within the Primary Focus
Areas, women's productive roles, employment patterns, and
participation in formal and informal labor markets is better
understood and enhanced when taken in the context of the
incentives to female producers in all sectors, as well as on the
socioeconomic benefits and costs of alternative policies in
economic policy reform and adjustment areas. Additionally, the
potential socioeconomic benefits and costs of alternative
economic reforms are better understood when there is appropriate
analysis of key areas of household division of labor and
decision-making, education, health, nutrition, and fertility
issues in human capital and social service areas.

At the same time, within the context of PPC/WID's Services,
linkages between research and analysis, technical assistance,
training, and information resource management, the Office is
working to ensure that there is a strong integrated program to
maximize the relationships among the Primary Focus Areas. For
example, research, information gathering and technical assistance
will result in a continually updated information base which will
be used to modify the content of training programs and the
information strategy. Training will help update the information
base and assist in preparing appropriate technical assistance
efforts.

PPC/WID's strategy is to maximize the linkages or
relationships of all its activities so that gender issues are not
isolated or marginalized. It is the Office's intent to strive
for complementarity as well as synergy in its efforts and outputs
so that the socioeconomic benefits and costs of policies and
programs are relevant and appropriate to A.I.D.'s overall
development work.








III. ACCESSING PPC/WID ASSISTANCE


A. Funding Mechanisms

The WID Office has multiple funding mechanisms that allow
considerable flexibility in assembling the most appropriate
funding package. (See the Selection Criteria for Access to
PPC/WID Assistance, Section IV.)

When selecting from the mechanisms listed below, please
keep in mind that all requests for assistance must complement the
PPC/WID strategic workplan and must be used to "supplement and
encourage additional spending for women and expansion of
development activities...not as a substitute for other A.I.D.
funds that benefit women's development."

1. Full funding by PPC/WID under existing contracts/services;

2. Co-financing/buy-ins by USAIDs/Bureaus to existing PPC/WID
contracts or services (USAIDs and Bureaus may wish to
jointly share co-financing/buy-in costs)*

3. Matching monies for USAIDs/Bureaus against available
PPC/WID funds to finance activities/services through
existing PPC/WID contracts (USAIDs/Bureaus can share costs
to meet proportional matching requirements)**

4. Matching monies for USAIDs/Bureaus against available
PPC/WID funds to finance activities/services outside of
existing PPC/WID contract services (USAIDs/Bureaus can
share costs to meet proportional matching requirements);**

5. Full or partial funding by USAIDs/Bureaus for PPC/WID
contracts and services which do not fit the matching
criteria.*


* A PIO/T-keyed cable or sheet is required to complete
obligation of funds.

** Matching monies are available for a given activity in the
following proportional amounts. ESF, DA, and local
currencies may be used. USAIDs/Bureaus may always match
monies up to 50% or above or use the following proportional
amounts:

FY 90 25% USAID/Bureau against 75% PPC/WID monies
FY 91 40% USAID/Bureau against 60% PPC/WID monies
FY 92 50% USAID/Bureau against 50% PPC/WID monies
and beyond








B. Project Index

The following Project Index sheets describe various A.I.D.
and PPC/WID projects that USAIDs and bureaus may use to access
women in development services.







PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: Gender in Economic and Social Systems (GENESYS)

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: PDC-0100-Z-00-9044-00

PURPOSE: Provides support to USAIDs and Bureaus through
technical assistance, research activities, training efforts, and
information dissemination/communication activities.

DESCRIPTION: Provides (1) technical assistance activities which
require WID expertise such as strategy design, portfolio reviews,
program/project design, implementation and/or evaluation; (2)
research activities to analyze WID issues in both the formal and
informal sectors and the economic contributions of women in
developing nations; (3) training efforts that will include
design, production, and delivery to assist A.I.D. to
institutionalize systems and procedures for addressing gender
issues in policies, programs, and projects. This training will
focus on the Gender Information Framework (GIF), a series of
tools, guidelines, and information derived from technical
assistance, research, and communication activities of the WID
Office, the Agency, and the development community; and (4)
information dissemination and communication activities, as may be
required to support the Office's information dissemination/
communication program.

DURATION: October 1989 through September 1994

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: Core financing by PPC/WID; co-financing or
buy-ins by USAIDs/bureaus; and up to $1.5 million per annum in
matching funds.

CONTRACTOR: The Futures Group, Ernst & Young, MSI.

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Ron Grosz
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A, NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)








PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: PPD/WID General Matching Reserve Account

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: Not applicable

PURPOSE: Supports activities of USAIDs and bureaus for
gender-related activities that involve personnel or services not
available under the AWID contract.

DESCRIPTION: Funds are provided to USAIDs as a match in the
yearly proportions as described in the User's Guide. Requests
will be considered for activities that enhance the integration of
WID into USAID activities; provide specific research or
data-gathering activities that'address the long-term mission
goals of its WID Action Plan; train USAID staff; and meet general
technical assistance activities. Bureaus may also request
matching funds under this category as long as activity is
identified as specifically enhancing the integration of
gender-related activities in USAID programs and projects.

DURATION: On an annual basis

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: Up to $1.5 million per annum in the
proportional amounts detailed in the User's Guide.

CONTRACTOR: Not applicable

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)








PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: Advancing Basic Education and Literacy (ABEL)
(PPC/WID buy-in to S&T/Education project)

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DPE-5832-Z-00-9032-00

PURPOSE: Supports activities to improve educational quality in
developing countries and to encourage more efficient use of
sector resources.

DESCRIPTION: Assists governments and USAIDs in the design and
implementation of basic education programs. Draws on the tools,
lessons learned, and research evidence accumulated over the past
three decades; these resources will be adapted to country-
specific conditions as A.I.D. designs, implements, and evaluates
new projects aimed at boosting school effectiveness. Assistance
is offered at three levels:
(a) policy dialogue, sector assessment, and adjustment within
central government; (b) nuts and bolts management between the
central ministry and local schools; and (c) school and
classroom-level practices, teaching technologies, and materials
that directly affect pupil learning. Short and long-term
assistance will be provided to governments and USAIDs for
technical and managerial assistance for basic education efforts;
design and implementation of pilot projects, research, and
evaluation of basic education activities; and design and
implementation of training for capacity building within education
ministries and local schools. Project will emphasize increasing
girls' participation and persistence in basic education,
particularly in sub-Saharan African and south Asia.

DURATION: October 1, 1989 for five years

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: $500,000 PPC/WID core funds, as well as
availability of matching funds for buy-ins by USAIDs.

CONTRACTOR: Academy for Educational Development

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Bruce Fuller
AID/S&T/ED
Room 600 (SA-18)
(703) 875-4620

or

Dr. Chloe O'Gara
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)







PROJECT INDEX

PROJECT TITLE: Consulting Assistance in Economic Policy Reform
(CAER)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: ,PDC-0095-C-00-9053-00

PURPOSE: To obtain economic consultant and advisory services
that will enhance A.I.D.'s capacity to introduce and maintain
appropriate economic policies in developing nations.

DESCRIPTION: Provides assistance to USAIDs and Bureaus to obtain
information required to improve the policy reform context of
A.I.D. assistance activities, both those involving policy
dialogue and assistance flows of interest, specifically
relationships between economic policies and economic performance,
and the interaction of economic and political markets, and how
changes in the internal and external environment facing
particular countries, regions, and sectors result from or
indicate the need for economic policy reform, etc. PPC/WID will
focus its task orders on the social dimensions of policy reform.
This implies study of negative effects on vulnerable groups and
positive impacts on labor productivity particularly that of women
in key sectors, such as non-traditignal experts.

DURATI=ON Present through PApt@mber 50, 1 99

SQEg: Worldwide
FNUDNG AMEHANIi P/WI @se fPPCW unds fg $8 ,000 eg Feg
matching funds as noted in PPQ/WID @enuril MateIhing f @g
Acoount description,
QONTRACTOR: Harvard Ingtitute for ni@n ai~ n rsygf@ ffiga

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Mr, Alan gaegh@ljgi



AMD/PPC/EA
Room Q671 W )
or~ 97~9~







PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: Private Enterprise Development Support Project II
(PEDS II)

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: PDC-2028-Z-00-7186-00

PURPOSE: To provide private sector technical services to USAIDs
particularly in the development of comprehensive private sector
strategies and programs, business climate assessments, policy
reform studies, as well as to assist with private sector
activities in agriculture, health, human resources, and energy
sectors.

DESCRIPTION: PPC/WID has provided funds to mobilize technical
services to integrate gender concerns or develop WID components
in USAID private sector program and project design,
implementation and evaluations, and training activities.

DURATION: Present until December 31, 1991

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: Up to $230,00 from PPC/WID core funds, or
USAIDs and bureaus may request matching monies to perform
gender-related activities with a buy-in to the PEDS II contract
separate from the PPC/WID buy-in. Matching funds can be
requested in the appropriate yearly proportionate amount as
described in the User's Guide.

CONTRACTOR: Arthur Young/SRI Consortia.

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Cathy Gordon
AID/PRE/PD
Room 3208 NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0018
(Tel: 647-7474)

or

Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)






PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: Agricultural Marketing Improvement Strategies
(AMIS) (PPC/WID Buy-in to S&T/RD project)

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DHR-5447-Z-00-7074-00

PURPOSE: Research and technical assistance to (a) diagnose
marketing system constraints, (b) conduct applied research on
marketing system problems, and (c) pilot-test innovations to
reduce or eliminate marketing constraints.

DESCRIPTION: The WID buy-in will focus on dynamic factors
affecting women's participation in particular commodity
subsystems, on understanding the institutional, organizational
and managerial elements that comprise marketing systems, and
through use of the existing inventory data base on compiling an
Inventory of Innovations successfully implemented to address
constraints faced by women in the marketing of agricultural
commodities. AMIS will incorporate a Women in Development
marketing specialist into four Rapid Appraisals, and conduct two
applied research activities, emphasizing the reduction or
elimination of constraints faced by women in agricultural
commodity marketing systems.

DURATION: Present until September 30, 1993

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: $200,000-buy-in by PPC/WID; additional
buy-ins can be accommodated by USAIDs using the PPC/WID General
Matching Reserve Account.

CONTRACTOR: Abt Associates, Inc.

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Mr. Tom Mehen
AID/S&T/RD/DA
Room 606D, SA-18
(Tel: 875-4004)

or

Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)







PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: Growth and Equity through Microenterprise
Investment and Institutions (GEMINI)

(PPC/WID buy-in to S&T/RE/EED project)

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DHR-5448-0-00-9080-00

PURPOSE: To enhance the effectiveness of microenterprise
assistance efforts that A.I.D. and other organizations carry out
by providing research and technical services that advance the
state of knowledge about microenterprise development.

DESCRIPTION: GEMINI project will provide assistance in
microenterprise development through three major categories of
activities: (a) Economic Research and Sector Studies including
financial and policy analysis; (b) Project Design and Evaluation
including institutional assessment, design of credit and
non-financial assistance systems as well as design of an impact
evaluation plan for A.I.D.; and (c) Organizational Development
including technical assistance in management training to
implementing agencies.

PPC/WID is providing funds to specifically sponsor two activities
that will integrate the concerns of expanding women's economic
contribution into the GEMINI agenda. First, PPC/WID will extend
its own research efforts in labor and employment markets by
participating in GEMINI's economic research and sector studies on
growth and dynamics of microenterprise. PPC/WID will fund a
consultant to develop guidelines for assessing women's
constraints and opportunities in microenterprise development in
all field work that takes place as part of the research
component. Second, PPC/WID will fund a consultant to participate
in the design of an Agency-wide plan for increasing beneficiary
impact knowledge to ensure that benefits to women are properly
measured from Agency activities in microenterprise development.

DURATION: October 1, 1989 for five years

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: Core PPC/WID funds; USAIDs may wish to
utilize PPC/WID General Matching Reserve Account for additional
related activities. Matching funds can be requested in the
appropriate yearly proportionate amount as described in the
User's Guide.

CONTRACTOR: Development Alternatives, Inc.







PROJECT INDEX


PROJECT TITLE: PPC/WID Technical Staff Assistance

PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: Not applicable

PURPOSE: Provides technical assistance to USAIDs for specific
gender-related activities in the areas of education, micro and
small-scale enterprise development, agriculture, environment and
natural resources, policy reform, economics, and
labor/employment/production issues.

DESCRIPTION: Provides technical assistance to USAIDs for
preparation of WID Action Plans, CDSSs, USAID Action Plans,
portfolio reviews, PIDs, PPs, etc., as well as specific sectoral
assistance as detailed above for design and/or evaluation needs.
Nine PPC/WID staff members are available for such technical
assistance.

DURATION: Present until September 30, 1992

SCOPE: Worldwide

FUNDING MECHANISM: Through PPC/WID core funding, OE funds, or
USAID may request buy-ins to assist with travel/per diem/daily
rates for contract staff under the Labat-Anderson technical
services contract.

CONTRACTOR: PPC/WID

AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)







IV. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ACCESS TO PPC/WID ASSISTANCE

A. Using the A.I.D./WID Strategic Workplan as a guideline,
the proposed activities must:

1. Support the goals and objectives of the Strategic
Workplan:

"To optimize the use and expansion of women's
productive capacity to ensure sustainable national
economic and social progress."

2. Be categorized under one or more of the following
sectors:

o agriculture
o private enterprise, including both formal and
informal, small- and micro-scale enterprises
o education
o environment and natural resources
o other*

3. Relate to one or more of the following areas of
emphasis:

o labor/employment/production
o economic policy reform and adjustment
o human capital development/social services

4. Be encompassed within one or more of the following
types of services:

o research and analysis
o technical assistance
o training
o information dissemination and management

B. Proposals must be initiated and/or supported by USAIDs,
regional offices, and/or A.I.D./W Bureaus.

C. Low priority will be given to activities that are most
appropriately supported through existing project funds;
i.e, activities that should not require an infusion of
supplemental PPC/WID monies.






D. Proposals should provide information that will allow them
to be evaluated on the basis of the following criteria:

1. Will enhance integration of WID into USAID activities;.

2. Will indicate that USAIDs, Regional offices and/or
AID/W Bureaus will assume much of the management
responsibilities;

3. Will demonstrate that the activity will be replicable,
self-sustaining, and cost-effective;

4. Will verify both institutional capacity and WID
expertise of the implementing organization;

5. Will contribute to the overall goal of using and/or
expanding women's productive capacity.


* Activities in other sectors will be considered if their
linkage to these PPC/WID-targeted areas of emphasis can be
clearly demonstrated.




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