Citation
A.I.D. program for women in development

Material Information

Title:
A.I.D. program for women in development a user's guide to the Office of Women in Development
Alternate Title:
AID program for women in development
Creator:
United States -- Agency for International Development
Place of Publication:
Washington DC
Publisher:
U.S. Agency for International Development
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
10 p. : ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Women in development ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
42782481 ( OCLC )

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
Women in Development

Full Text
A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
A USER'S GUIDE TO THE
OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
FY 1990




A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
A USER'S GUIDE TO THE OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT FY 1990
Office of Women in Development Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination Agency for International Development Washington, DC 20523-0041 Revised 12/89




TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
I. BACKGROUND ....................................... 1
II. PPC/WID STRATEGIC WORKPLAN ....................... 2
A. Sectors ....................................... 2
B. Primary Focus Areas ......................... 3
C. Services .................................... 3
D. Linkages Between Primary Focus Areas
and Services ................................ 4
III. ACCESSING PPC/WID ASSISTANCE ........................ 5
A. Funding Mechanisms ......................... 5
B. Project Index ............................... 7
AWID ........................................ 7a
General Matching Reserve ....................... 7b
ABEL ........................................ 7c
CAER ........................................ 7d
PEDS II ..................................... 7e
AMIS ........................................ 7f
GEMINI ...................................... 7g
PPC/WID Technical Staff ..................... 7h
IV. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ACCESS TO PPC/WID
ASSISTANCE ....................................... 9




A.I.D. PROGRAM FOR INTEGRATION OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
STRATEGIES, PROGRAMS, AND PROJECTS
I. BACKGROUND
The Office of Women in Development has prepared a
strategic program that supports the A.I.D. Administrator's WID Action Items cable and Congressional legislation which mandates the integration of gender consideration in all Agency strategies, programs, and projects. The Agency is required to:
o incorporate women as beneficiaries of and contributors to
its development activities at the level proportionate to
their participation in the sector or to their
representation in the total population, whichever
proportion is higher;
o ensure that AID's country strategy, program, project,
non-project assistance, and reporting documents explicitly
describe strategies to involve women, identify benefits and impediments to women's participation in development,
and establish benchmarks to measure women's participation
in and benefits from development activities;*
o collect sex-disaggregated data in all its research or
data-gathering activities;*
o develop WID Action Plans for all Bureaus and USAIDs;
develop and implement a WID training program for A.I.D.
staff;
o increase its participant training activities for women;
o increase levels of girls' access to and participation in
primary and secondary education;
o ensure that senior-level staff from the regional and
technical bureaus are actively involved in decision making
activities with respect to WID; and
o report to Congress on the activities, achievements, and
obstacles encountered in reaching its goals.
* When such efforts/activities are difficult to achieve,
Bureaus and USAIDs will ensure that there is substantive analysis of the obstacles preventing completion of such
efforts and will include an explanation of how these
obstacles will be overcome.




Congress has authorized $5 million annually, managed by PPC/WID, to assist A.I.D. in meeting these requirements. Legislation states that these monies are to be used to "supplement and encourage additional spending for women and expansion of development activities...not as a substitute for other A.I.D. funds that benefit women's development." Congress also requires that these matching monies be specifically used to assist USAIDs with their WID-related activities.
II. PPC/WID STRATEGIC WORKPLAN
Primary Goal: To optimize the use and expansion of women's productive capacity to ensure sustainable national economic and social progress.
Intermediate Objectives:
o To provide intellectual and technical leadership
o To increase awareness of, information about, and skills for
addressing gender issues
o To help establish systems and procedures to ensure gender
issues are incorporated cross-sectorally in all Agency
policies, programs, projects, research activities,
information systems, and in multilateral and bilateral
policy dialogue efforts
The WID Office's role in fulfilling this plan is to promote, encourage, assist in, and report on efforts that effectively integrate women as full beneficiaries of and contributors to economic and social progress in all Agency development activities. The following sections describe WID office activities in terms of sectors covered, areas of primary focus, and services offered.
A. Sectors
By concentrating on the following sectors and relating them to the activities of USAIDs and central and regional bureaus, the WID Office directs its efforts where experience shows gender consideration to be a significant factor in strategy, program, and project success. These sectors are:
o agriculture
o private enterprise (including formal and informal, smalland micro-scale enterprise)
o education
o environment and natural resources
2




B. Primary Focus Areas
Taking its direction from A.I.D.'s primary emphasis of
assisting developing nations achieve sustainable and broad-based economic growth, the WID office focuses on the following areas:
o Labor, employment, and production, which examines women's:
-- productive roles
-- employment patterns
-- participation in formal and informal markets in rural
and urban settings
o Economic policy reform and adjustment, which examines:
linkages between economic policy reform and women's
economic roles, productive capacity, and response to
economic incentives
o Human capital development and social services, which
examines:
linkages between women's productive capacity and the development and maintenance of human capital, their
own and that of their children
C. Services
The Office of Women in Development offers the following services to missions and bureaus:
o Research and analysis by helping collect primary and
secondary data to establish an information data base and
analysis capability. Services include analysis of existing
information, identification of data gaps, and promotion of
original research.
o Technical assistance by providing substantive assistance
in the design, implementation, and evaluation of projects
and programs. Services include development of mission WID
strategies, portfolio reviews, and assistance with
activities such as preparation of CDSS's, Action Plans, and
in field analysis, implementation, or preparation of PIDs,
PPs, and evaluations.
o TraininQ by promoting awareness of, information about,
and skills for addressing gender issues in design,
implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of strategies, programs, and projects. Services include training of key
3




project and program officers; Mission-specific training;
A.I.D./W Bureau orientation and strategic planning
sessions; training of contract teams, PVO/NGO personnel,
and others with WID-related responsibilities; and training
of trainers.
o Information dissemination and management by communicating
the results of research and analysis, technical assistance,
and training to all A.I.D. staff, the international donor
community, and host country organizations. Services
include establishing procedures to assure effective two-way
communication to gather and disseminate lessons-learned
from development experts.
D. Linkages Between the Primary Focus Areas and Services
There is a close relationship among all facets of PPC/WID's Primary Focus Areas and its Services. Within the Primary Focus Areas, women's productive roles, employment patterns, and participation in formal and informal labor markets is better understood and enhanced when taken in the context of the incentives to female producers in all sectors, as well as on the socioeconomic benefits and costs of alternative policies in economic policy reform and adjustment areas Additionally, the potential socioeconomic benefits and costs of alternative economic reforms are better understood when there is appropriate analysis of key areas of household division of labor and decision-making, education, health, nutrition, and fertility issues in human capital 'and social service areas.
At the same time, within the context of PPC/WID's Services, linkages between research and analysis, technical assistance, training, and information resource management, the Office is working to ensure that there is a strong integrated program to maximize the relationships among the Primary Focus Areas. For example, research, information gathering and technical assistance will result in a continually updated information base which will be used to modify the content of training programs and the information strategy. Training%will help update the information base and assist in preparing appropriate technical assistance efforts.
PPC/WID's strategy is to maximize the linkages or
relationships of all its activities so that gender issues are not isolated or marginalized. It is the Office's intent to strive for complementarity as well as synergy in its efforts and outputs so that the socioeconomic benefits and costs of'policies and programs are relevant and appropriate to A.I.D.'s overall development work.
4




III. ACCESSING PPC/WID ASSISTANCE
A. Funding Mechanisms
The WID Office has multiple funding mechanisms that allow considerable flexibility in assembling the most appropriate funding package. (See the Selection Criteria for Access to PPC/WID Assistance, Section IV.)
When selecting from the mechanisms listed below, please
keep in mind that all requests for assistance must complement the PPC/WID strategic workplan and must be used to "supplement and encourage additional spending for women and expansion of development activities...not as a substitute for other A.I.D. funds that benefit women's development."
1. Full funding by PPC/WID under existing contracts/services;
2. Co-financing/buy-ins by USAIDs/Bureaus to existing PPC/WID
contracts or services (USAIDs and Bureaus may wish to
jointly share co-financing/buy-in costs)*
3. Matching monies for USAIDs/Bureaus against available
PPC/WID funds to finance activities/services through
existing PPC/WID contracts (USAIDs/Bureaus can share costs
to meet proportional matching requirements)**
4. Matching monies for USAIDs/Bureaus against available
PPC/WID funds to finance activities/services outside of existing PPC/WID contract services (USAIDs/Bureaus can
share costs to meet proportional matching requirements);**
5. Full or partial funding by USAIDs/Bureaus for PPC/WID
contracts and services which do not fit the matching
criteria.*
* A PIO/T-keyed cable or sheet is required to complete
obligation of funds.
** Matching monies are available for a given activity in the
following proportional amounts. ESF, DA, and local
currencies may be used. USAIDs/Bureaus may always match
monies up to 50% or above or use the following proportional
amounts:
FY 90 25% USAID/Bureau against 75% PPC/WID monies FY 91 40% USAID/Bureau against 60% PPC/WID monies FY 92 50% USAID/Bureau against 50% PPC/WID monies
and beyond
5







B. Project Index
The following Project Index sheets describe various A.I.D. and PPC/WID projects that USAIDs and bureaus may use to access women in development services.
7




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Gender in Economic and Social Systems (GENESYS)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: PDC-0100-Z-00-9044-00
PURPOSE: Provides support to USAIDs and Bureaus through technical assistance, research activities, training efforts, and information dissemination/communication activities.
DESCRIPTION: Provides (1) technical assistance activities which require WID expertise such as strategy design, portfolio reviews, program/project design, implementation and/or evaluation; (2) research activities to analyze WID issues in both the formal and informal sectors and the economic contributions of women in developing nations; (3) training efforts that will include design, production, and delivery to assist A.I.D. to institutionalize systems and procedures for addressing gender issues in policies, programs, and projects. This training will focus on the Gender Information Framework (GIF), a series of tools, guidelines, and information derived from technical assistance, research, and communication activities of the WID Office, the Agency, and the development community; and (4) information dissemination and communication activities, as may be required to support the Office's information dissemination/ communication program.
DURATION: October 1989 through September 1994
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: Core financing by PPC/WID; co-financing or buy-ins by USAIDs/bureaus; and up to $1.5 million per annum in matching funds.
CONTRACTOR: The Futures Group, Ernst & Young, MSI.
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Ron Grosz AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A, NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)
7a




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: PPD/WID General Matching Reserve Account
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: Not applicable
PURPOSE: Supports activities of USAIDs and bureaus for gender-related activities that involve personnel or services not available under the AWID contract.
DESCRIPTION: Funds are provided to USAIDs as a match in the yearly proportions as described in the User's Guide. Requests will be considered for activities that enhance the integration of WID into USAID activities; provide specific research or data-gathering activities that address the long-term mission goals of its WID Action Plan; train USAID staff; and meet general technical assistance activities. Bureaus may also request matching funds under this category as long as activity is identified as specifically enhancing the integration of gender-related activities in USAID programs and projects.
DURATION: On an annual basis
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: Up to $1.5 million per annum in the proportional amounts detailed in the User's Guide.
CONTRACTOR: Not applicable
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Kay Davies AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)
7b




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Advancing Basic Education and Literacy (ABEL)
(PPC/WID buy-in to S&T/Education project)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DPE-5832-Z-00-9032-00
PURPOSE: Supports activities to improve educational quality in developing countries and to encourage more efficient use of sector resources.
DESCRIPTION: Assists governments and USAIDs in the design and implementation of basic education programs. Draws on the tools, lessons learned, and research evidence accumulated over the past three decades; these resources will be adapted to countryspecific conditions as A.I.D. designs, implements, and evaluates new projects aimed at boosting school effectiveness. Assistance is offered at three levels:
(a) policy dialogue, sector assessment, and adjustment within central government; (b) nuts and bolts management between the central ministry and local schools; and (c) school and classroom-level practices, teaching technologies, and materials that directly affect pupil learning. Short and long-term assistance will be provided to governments and USAIDs for technical and managerial assistance for basic education efforts; design and implementation of pilot projects, research, and evaluation of basic education activities; and design and implementation of training for capacity building within education ministries and local schools. Project will emphasize increasing girls' participation and persistence in basic education, particularly in sub-Saharan African and south Asia.
DURATION: October 1, 1989 for five years
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: $500,000 PPC/WID core funds, as well as availability of matching funds for buy-ins by USAIDs.
CONTRACTOR: Academy for Educational Development
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Bruce Fuller AID/S&T/ED
Room 600 (SA-18)
(703) 875-4620
or
Dr. Chloe O'Gara
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041
(Tel: 647-3992)
7c




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Consulting Assistance in Economic Policy Reform
(CAER)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: oPDC-0095-C-00-9053-00
PURPOSE: To obtain economic consultant and advisory services that will enhance A.I.D.'s capacity to introduce and maintain appropriate economic policies in developing nations.
DESCRIPTION: Provides assistance to USAIDs and Bureaus to obtain information required to improve the policy reform context of A.I.D. assistance activities, both those involving policy dialogue and assistance flows of interest, specifically relationships between economic policies and economic performance, and the interaction of economic and political markets, and how changes in the internal and external environment facing particular countries, regions, and sectors result from or indicate the need for economic policy reform, etc. PPC/WID will focus its task orders on the social dimensions of policy reform. This implies study of negative effects on vulnerable groups and positive impacts on labor productivity particularly that of women
in key sectors, such a: nQn-traditional export.
DUATION: Present through Peptemb@r 50, 1998
49225: Worldwide
FUNDING NEANTISMI PPC/WD @ore fundg for $80@@@ BF t( Sgh matching funds A noted in PPC/WID General teing y
Account description.
CONTRACTOR: HArvard Institute for Internlatin agggg
AIDW PROJECTMANAGER: Mr, Alan gh@ld r AID/PPC/EA
Room ~673 NS
AID/PPC/ffWD
Boom 3725A t#
Whingto, =
(Tels 647=1992)
Y4




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Private Enterprise Development Support Project II
(PEDS II)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: PDC-2028-Z-00-7186-00
PURPOSE: To provide private sector technical services to USAIDs particularly in the development of comprehensive private sector strategies and programs, business climate assessments, policy reform studies, as well as to assist with private sector activities in agriculture, health, human resources, and energy sectors.
DESCRIPTION: PPC/WID has provided funds to mobilize technical services to integrate gender concerns or develop WID components in USAID private sector program and project design, implementation and evaluations, and training activities.
DURATION: Present until December 31, 1991
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: Up to $230,00 from PPC/WID core funds, or USAIDs and bureaus may request matching monies to perform gender-related activities with a buy-in to the PEDS II contract separate from the PPC/WID buy-in. Matching funds can be requested in the appropriate yearly proportionate amount as described in the User's Guide.
CONTRACTOR: Arthur Young/SRI Consortia.
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Cathy Gordon AID/PRE/PD
Room 3208 NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0018 (Tel: 647-7474)
or
Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041 (Tel: 647-3992)
7e




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Agricultural Marketing Improvement Strategies
(AMIS) (PPC/WID Buy-in to S&T/RD project)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DHR-5447-Z-00-7074-00
PURPOSE: Research and technical assistance to (a) diagnose marketing system constraints, (b) conduct applied research on marketing system problems, and (c) pilot-test innovations to reduce or eliminate marketing constraints.
DESCRIPTION: The WID buy-in will focus on dynamic factors affecting women's participation in particular commodity subsystems, on understanding the institutional, organizational and managerial elements that comprise marketing systems, and through use of the existing inventory data base on compiling an Inventory of Innovations successfully implemented to address constraints faced by women in the marketing of agricultural commodities. AMIS will incorporate a Women in Development marketing specialist into four Rapid Appraisals, and conduct two applied research activities, emphasizing the reduction or elimination of constraints faced by women in agricultural commodity marketing systems.
DURATION: Present until September 30, 1993
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: $200,000-buy-in by PPC/WID; additional buy-ins can be accommodated by USAIDs using the PPC/WID General Matching Reserve Account.
CONTRACTOR: Abt Associates, Inc.
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Mr. Tom Mehen AID/S&T/RD/DA
Room 606D, SA-18
(Tel: 875-4004)
or
Kay Davies
AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041 (Tel: 647-3992)
7f




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: Growth and Equity through Microenterprise Investment and Institutions (GEMINI)
(PPC/WID buy-in to S&T/RE/EED project)
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: DHR-5448-0-00-9080-00
PURPOSE: To enhance the effectiveness of microenterprise assistance efforts that A.I.D. and other organizations carry out by providing research and technical services that advance the state of knowledge about microenterprise development.
DESCRIPTION: GEMINI project will provide assistance in microenterprise development through three major categories of activities: (a) Economic Research and Sector Studies including financial and policy analysis; (b) Project Design and Evaluation including institutional assessment, design of credit and non-financial assistance systems as well as design of an impact evaluation plan for A.I.D.; and (c) Organizational Development including technical assistance in management training to implementing agencies.
PPC/WID is providing funds to specifically sponsor two activities that will integrate the concerns of expanding women's economic contribution into the GEMINI agenda. First, PPC/WID will extend its own research efforts in labor and employment markets by participating in GEMINI's economic research and sector studies on growth and dynamics of microenterprise. PPC/WID will fund a consultant to develop guidelines for assessing women's constraints and opportunities in microenterprise development in all field work that takes place as part of the research component. Second, PPC/WID will fund a consultant to participate in the design of an Agency-wide plan for increasing beneficiary impact knowledge to ensure that benefits to women are properly measured from Agency activities in microenterprise development.
DURATION: October 1, 1989 for five years
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: Core PPC/WID funds; USAIDs may wish to utilize PPC/WID General Matching Reserve Account for additional related activities. Matching funds can be requested in the appropriate yearly proportionate amount as described in the User's Guide.
CONTRACTOR: Development Alternatives, Inc.
7g




PROJECT INDEX
PROJECT TITLE: PPC/WID Technical Staff Assistance
PROJECT CONTRACT NUMBER: Not applicable
PURPOSE: Provides technical assistance to USAIDs for specific gender-related activities in the areas of education, micro and small-scale enterprise development, agriculture, environment and natural resources, policy reform, economics, and labor/employment/production issues.
DESCRIPTION: Provides technical assistance to USAIDs for preparation of WID Action Plans, CDSSs, USAID Action Plans, portfolio reviews, PIDs, PPs, etc., as well as specific sectoral assistance as detailed above for design and/or evaluation needs. Nine PPC/WID staff members are available for such technical assistance.
DURATION: Present until September 30, 1992
SCOPE: Worldwide
FUNDING MECHANISM: Through PPC/WID core funding, OE funds, or USAID may request buy-ins to assist with travel/per diem/daily rates for contract staff under the Labat-Anderson technical services contract.
CONTRACTOR: PPC/WID
AID/W PROJECT MANAGER: Kay Davies AID/PPC/WID
Room 3725A NS
Washington, D.C. 20523-0041 (Tel: 647-3992)
7h







IV. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ACCESS TO PPC/WID ASSISTANCE
A. Using the A.I.D./WID Strategic Workplan as a guideline,
the proposed activities must:
1. Support the goals and objectives of the Strategic
Workplan:
"To optimize the use and expansion of women's
productive capacity to ensure sustainable national
economic and social progress."
2. Be categorized under one or more of the following
sectors:
o agriculture
o private enterprise, including both formal and
informal, small- and micro-scale enterprises
o education
o environment and natural resources
o other*
3. Relate to one or more of the following areas of
emphasis:
o labor/employment/production
o economic policy reform and adjustment
o human capital development/social services
4. Be encompassed within one or more of the following
types of services:
o research and analysis o technical assistance
o training
o information dissemination and management
B. Proposals must be initiated and/or supported by USAIDs,
regional offices, and/or A.I.D./W Bureaus.
C. Low priority will be given to activities that are most
appropriately supported through existing project funds; i.e, activities that should not require an infusion of
supplemental PPC/WID monies.
9




Proposals should provide information that will allow them to be evaluated on the basis of the following criteria:
1. Will enhance integration of WID into USAID activities;
2. Will indicate that USAIDs, Regional offices and/or
AID/W Bureaus will assume much of the management
responsibilities;
3. Will demonstrate that the activity will be replicable,
self-sustaining, and cost-effective;
4. Will verify both institutional capacity and WID
expertise of the implementing organization;
5. Will contribute to the overall goal of using and/or
expanding women's productive capacity.
Activities in other sectors will be considered if their linkage to these PPC/WID-targeted areas of emphasis can be clearly demonstrated.
10