THE TRINIDAD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 211.
A Report by Juan de Viloria y Quinones, Governor of Trinidad.
Source :-British Museum. Additional Mss. 36321.
Published by the courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
SAN JOSEF DE ORUNA,
I7th March, 1619.
In the town of San Josef de Oruna in the Island of Trinidad
on the I7th of March, 1619, Captain Don Juan de Viloria y
Quinones, Governor and Captain General of El Dorado,
Guayana and the Island of Trinidad for His Majesty, makes
the following report.
He states that certain vecinos of the town of San Thome
in Guayana with no regard for the fear of God or for the
interests of your realm, had become mutinous and armed
themselves. They then went to the house of Don Diego
Palameque de Acuna, my predecessor, and thereupon
wounded him once or twice with a knife he being their
Governor and Captain General. With tyrannical disposition
they have sought to capture him and send him to Spain with
little respect for his position.
A few days before this mutiny the Governor had
proclaimed the news sent by Your Majesty that Milor
Guaterral (Sir Walter Ralegh) the pirate, was coming to
these parts; therefore under penalty as a traitor to the
Royal Realm, no vecino should leave the town without his
special licence as this course was necessary in the service of
Yet contrary to the order as proclaimed, a troop of
soldiers vecinos of the town absented themselves at once
without returning to the town until after the death of the
said Governor which occurred in the encounter with the
It is well known in this town that four or fi\e days
before the English enemy entered the town, they were joined
by these vecinos as guides and spies, with the result that the
Governor was killed. As soon as the said enemy had entered
the town they avoided taking certain persons or burning
their houses because they were friends hence it is clear what
had been arranged.
It would appear that the said Captain Don Diego
Palameque de Acufia was not killed by the enemy but when
fighting valorously in the encounter with the enemy, he was
surrounded by these Spanish friends of the enemy who killed
him. After this murder was done and after the English had
gone, his body lay for four months behind the town without
being buried ; it was hanged by a rope around the neck as
though alive like a criminal to the great scandal of all. At
the end of the above period, Captain Andres Arias arrived
with soldiers from Margarita and buried him.
These persons were not satisfied Nwith such vengeance and
defamed his character publicly though dead. These wicked
people should not be left without punishment so may Your
Majesty be pleased to consider the whole circumstances and
provide the remedy best suited to this case.
The said Go\ crnor loyally carried out the obligations and
duties of his office. Enquiry has therefore been made into
tliese charges against certain vccinos of tie town. They are
many wlio can tistifl that this Governor gave complete
satisfaction and who tell the truth, having known all this
and being loyal servants of Your Majesty.
To these and to me, the present writer, there has been
administered secretly the necessary oath to the King,
Our Lord, that under penalty as a traitor and of loss of
property, they should not make public this report nor
what is contained in it nor speak of it to anyone since this
is necessary for the service of Your Majesty and the administra-
tion of the Royal Justice.
To this my report as duly required, I do affirm.
By order of the Governor.
JUAN DE VILLORIA Y QUINONES.
PEDRO DE LARES Y CORDOVA,
This is followed by statements on oath and evidence in
CAPTAIN PEDRO NAVARRO.
FRANCISCO DE SANTA CRUZ.
FELIX DE SALAZAR.
ANTONIO DE FERNANDEZ.
ANTONIO DE ACOSTA.