I 'i/i 61(9.
THE TRINIDAD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 210.
A Report from the Council of the Indies to thie k lg.
Source :-Brilish Muwseum. Additional Mss. 3632i.
Published by the courtesy of the Trushtrc of l/h Britli.\i Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
IIth Febriuar, 1619.
Captain Juan de Lezama, Procurador General of the Town
of San Thome in the Province of Guayana and the Island of
Trinidad reports that the English Pirates entered the Town of
San Thome in the year iG61. They killed the Governor and
pillaged the country and left it in such misery that the
inhabitants were powerless to defend themselves against the
enemies by whom these coasts are constantly infested. These
enemies also persuaded the Indians to rebel and destroyed
their allegiance to Your Majesty taking them into alliance.
The Captain begs Your N.Lj. ly to give orders for two
forts to be built, men to be raised and the requisite munitions
collected so that these people may be placed in a proper
state of defence.
Your Majesty has been pleased to require the Audiencia
of San Domingo and other persons to report as the Royal
Council is well aware of the defenceless state of that country
and that the enemy through it, will be able to master the
country as far as the New Kingdom of Granada.
His late Majesty, by a Cedula of the 12tl December, 1615,
which the Captain produces, ordered the Governor of Porto
Rico whenever the Governor Diego Palamcque de Acuna
should transmit to him the said Cedula, to send him
70-80 soldiers from the fort at Porto Rico under a trustworthy
leader so that with these and his own people Don Diego
might drive out the enemy. The said men were to be sent
with their pay given them.
By a letter which Your Majesty wrote to the said Town of
San Thome on the i8th September, 1618, when you had
received news of the invasion by the enemy, you informed
the Cabildo that orders had been sent to the Go\Minors of
Porto Rico and Cumana to send reintbiceiments and to the
Governor of Porto Rico to send 8 (wts. of powder, 40 muskcts
and arquebuses with their apparatus, 2 cwts. of gun matches
and 4 cwts. of lead ; all of these were a free gift.
This letter the said Town has not received and no men or
supplies have been sent. The Captain reports that their
necessities are greater now than then since the enemy are
daily expected as they have agreed with the Indians to
return, plunder the town and fortify themselves therein. He
begs Your Majesty to order the construction of the two forts
which have been asked for and to order the Governor of
Porto Rico to send at once 80 soldiers with 20 more to make
a force of 100 men with the necessary arms and munitions and
also those which Your Majesty had ordered to be brought to
the town free of cost. In this way they may for the present
defend that country from the enemy and reduce the Indians
from their rebellion and teach them to know Your Majesty's
Captain Juan de Lezama, the Procurador General of the
Town of San Thome in the Province of Guayana and of the
Island of Trinidad states that for four years he has been
representing to this Court for Your Majesty, the importance
of sending help and means of defence to the said towns for
they are in a very bad state and quite defenceless. They are
in great danger of being captured by the Dutch and English
enemies who intend to do so unless Your Majesty send help
in time as is requested.
The ship which is to go next to this said Town in Guayana
can take soldiers, arms and munitions, for the said Town is
without a grain of powder or an ounce of lead with which to
serve Your Majesty as they have readily done before.
The Captain humbly begs Your Majesty on behalf of the
said towns that you will protect and defend them as far as
possible while considering what is best for the service of
The King wrote to the Cabildo of San Thome on
9th August, 1621, instructing them to obey his commands and
he reiterates his orders to the Governor of Porto Rico.