THE TRINIDAD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 205.
Juan de Haro, Governor of Cumana to the King of Spain.
Source :-British Museum. Additional Mss. 36320.
Published by the courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
20oh June, 1618.
On the 24th February, 1618, the Cabildo of Trinidad and
Guayana through Cristoval de Cardenas who came from
there, reported the arrival of the corsair Guaterral (Sir Walter
Raleigh) with 1 vessels. He left the 5 largest at Punto Gallo
and with the others entered the River Orinoco going to the
town of Santo Thome about 70 leagues up. Guaterral had
taken the town killing the Governor, Don Palomeque de
Acuna and two other Captains. The English had made
themselves masters of the river and surrounding country.
Cumana and Margarita were arming themselves so as to
be prepared against his arrival there.
He had sent Captain Marcos de Campos with guides
across the Llanos through the Caribs to go to Santo Thome
and obtain news of what was happening. He left on the
12th March and arrived at Santo Thome on the 24th March.
On the way back the Caribs collected and attacked him.
They killed one Spaniard, some Indians and 16 horses out
of 17 ; Marcos was wounded in the arm by an arrow but
escaped and after wandering for 1 days at last miraculously
returned here on the 17th April.
Captain Marcos de Campos reported that the enemy
landed at Aruco, one league from the town at 3.0 p.m. on
the 12th January. The Town had known of his arrival on
the day before. The enemy landed 400 men with five banners
and arrived before Santo Thome about 8.0 p.m.
IlThe Governor sent o1 men under Captain Grados to
reconnoitre. The enemy drove him back and attacked the
town. The Spaniards had to fly leaving the Governor,
Captain Arias Nieto and Captain Juan Ruiz Monge killed;
both these latter were from the Island of Trinidad. None of
those from Guayana were killed. They said that they had
killed many of the English but Marcos doubted whether
this was so.
The enemy remained there 29 days till the 12th February.
During this time he sent three well armed boats for Ioo leagues
up the river which were away for 15 days. He did not know
what these boats did.
Two companies of the English, one of 11 men and the
other of 22 men, explored the country around ; though many
Spaniards were available, these parties were not attacked nor
any English taken or killed.
As to what is happening in the Island of Trinidad, he
knows but little. The vecinos have blocked the way up the
river and through the forest by felling trees and had collected
in the Town about 2 leagues from the sea.
He found Juan de Lezama, the Alcalde Ordinario,
conducting all affairs at Guayana. The people have applied
for supplies to be sent urgently and are wishing to leave there.