THE TRINIDAD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 125.
An Order as regards Flour and Bread.
July 16th, 1814.
Source :-Trinidad Duplicate Despatches, 1814.
ORDER OF GOVERNMENT.
I6th July, 1814.
RALPH JAMES WOODFORD.
WHEREAS a practice has lately prevailed of mixing bad
and damaged flour with good in the making of bread by
which the inhabitants are not only injured in health but
pay a very extravagant price for bread of an interior quality
and the usual precaution of fixing the tariff according to
the price of good flour is thereby rendered of little or no
effect ; In order therefore to meet and remedy as far as
possible such mischievous and fraudulent practices
It is hereby ordered and declared that no baker or other
person concerned in the making or manufacturing of bread
nor any person on his or her behalf shall buy or purchase
or otherwise obtain any quantity of flour whatsoever without
first obtaining a permission in writing from the Chicf Officer
of Police specifying the quantity intended to be purchased
and producing the same to the person or persons from whom
the flour may be bought or otherwise obtained ; under the
penalty and forfeiture of Two Hundred Dollars for every
offence that may be committed contrary thereto to be levied
by the Alguacil Mayor on the order of the Chief Judge or
either of the Alcaldes of the First or Second Election ; who
upon information and complaint brought before him shall,
after a summary hearing of the parties, be satisficdfo the same.
And it is hereby further ordered and declared that no
person nor persons shall sell, deliver or otherwise dispose
of any flour whatsoever to any baker of bread without having
such permission as aforesaid first produced to authorise the
sale, delivery or other disposal thereof under the like penalty
and forfeiture for every offence against this order ; to be
levied in the manner aforesaid ; and the fines so to be levied
and recovered in these cases shall be divided in equal shares,
one half thereof to be paid to the informer and the other
half into the Treasury of the Cabildo to be applied to the
public uses of the Island.
And it is hereby further ordered and declared that it
shall not be lawful for any baker or manufacturer of bread
to mix bad Hour with good in any proportion whatsoever
nor put, mix nor work into the flour any mixture nor ingredient
whatsoever to adulterate the said flour, under pain on
conviction thereof, of forfeiting the sum of Two Hundred
Dollars : to be paid, applied and recovered in the manner
as aforesaid : And for the more effectually checking all
abuses in the manufacturing of bread, the Chief of Police
or his Deputy is hereby authorised at all seasonable hours
or at all times when it is usual to make bread to enter into
any bakehouse or other buildings wherein flour is kept and
manufactured and wrought into bread and to search and
examine into the quality of flour found therein and to
ascertain whether any mixture or ingredient or thing shall
have been mixed up with or put into the flour in preparing
or manufacturing thereof for bread or whereby the purity
of any flour or bread is or shall be in any wise adulterated.
And if on such examination it shall appear that such offence
has been committed in the making or manufacturing of the
same, any person or persons so offending shall forfeit the
sum of Two Hundred Dollars to be recovered, paid and
applied as aforesaid, and all such flour which at any time
shall be found bad or damaged, shall be confiscated and
destroyed by the Chief of Police or his Deputy.
And it is hereby further ordered and decreed that every
person having in his possession any quantity of flour for
purposes of sale and profit and every baker in the Town
of Port-of-Spain shall on the last day of every month from
and after the date hereof, transmit and deliver to the Chief
of Police, a true and full account thereof to be attested on
oath before either of the Alcaldes in Ordinary; as also of
the quantity of flour that lie and they respectively shall have
sold from and out of their stock of flour or that lie or they
may have used in the making of bread during the said month
as well as the person or persons to whom the said flour shall
have been sold specifying the quantity so sold to each person;
and the said bakers are hereby enjoined and required to
make a return of the quantity of bread made and sold by
them within the same period. All the said returns, so attested,
to be returned in manner and form and at the time aforesaid ;
under the penalty of One Hundred Dollars upon any neglect
or contravention of the same by any person or persons
whomsoever ; to be recovered, paid and applied as aforesaid.
And it is hereby further ordered and declared that all
persons who are now established as bakers (as well those
who may hereafter be established as bakers first having
obtained the permission of the Governor and given Bond
as is hereinafter mentioned for that purpose) shall on the
first day of every month give in their names, the name of the
street and the number of the house in which their business
is carried on, to the Chief of Police who shall insert the same
in the Gazette of the Island for the information of the
And it is hereby further ordered and decreed that within
fourteen days from this date all persons who are now
established as bakers or who bake bread for sale shall appear
at the office of the Chief of Police and enter into Bond with
two securities to be approved by him in the sum of Four
Hundred Dollars for the due observance and fulfilment
of these rules and regulations.
And it is hereby further ordered that all bread exposed
for sale shall be stamped with and bear the mark or initials
of the bakers name thereon.
And it is hereby further ordered and declared that the
Regidor of the week, the Chief of Police, accompanied by
the Alcalde of the Barrio in which all or any such bakers
may reside, shall on one day of the first week in every month
make a visit to all bakehouses and inspect the flour and bread
in their possession ; and the said Officers shall make their
reports of such inspection to His Excellency the Governor
and the Board of Cabildo on their first meeting after
And the Honourable the Chief Judge, the Alcaldes in
Ordinary, the Chief of Police and the Regidors are hereby
directed to take notice of these presents and to govern
And lastly it is hereby further ordered that this Order
of Government shall in virtue of the Proclamation of His
Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the eighteenth day
of December last past, be unregistered in the Book of Record
thereby directed to be kept by His Majesty's Governor and
Commander in Chief, the Chief Judge and the Judges of
the Tribunals established in the said Island.
Given under my hand and seal at arms at Government
House in the Town of Port-of-Spain in the said Island,
the day and year first within written.
By His Excellency's Command,
P. REINAGLE, Sec.