THE TRINIDAD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 121.
The Governor of Trinidad, Martin de Mendoza, to the King.
SAN JOSEF, TRINIDAD,
March 20th, 1652.
Source :-Additional Mss. 36330. British Museum. Published
by courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
SUMMARY. He states that he is the nephew and grand
nephew of the Conquistadors of these provinces who had spent
more than ioo,ooo ducats in the discovery and settlement.
He took possession of the government on August 30th, 1642
and carried with him from Spain 22 soldiers. He complains
that the soldiers to be sent by the King have not arrived.
He reports that Don Diego de Escobar has retired to
He claims that he has re-established and rebuilt the two
towns of San Josef in Trinidad and San Thome in Guayana
and devoted ten years to loyal service.
He has sent Don Juan Pacheco de Viloria to Spain to
press upon the authorities the necessitous condition of his
government. Don Juan is the son of Don Juan de Viloria
y Quinones who had been acting Governor of Trinidad. He
has served for 18 years in Guayana and went with Escobar
to Tobago and to Galera where he had command of a troop
of Chacomar Indians. He also took part in repelling the
assault of the Dutch in 1637. Also in 1640 he was at the
attack made by English Corsairs united with rebel Indians
suddenly on the Town of San Josef de Oruna on the
7th August. He assisted the Governor, fighting as a valiant
soldier for four days continuously, during which the attack
lasted, until the enemy finding themselves closely pressed
and suffering heavy losses, proceeded to retire to their vessels.
The said Don Juan with other soldiers pursued them with
such valour that of the 250 English who landed to attack
only seven managed to return leaving the others dead or
During the government of Don Martin de Mendoza,
for a second time, Don Juan Pacheco dislodged the enemy
from PIunta Galera where they had settled and fortified.
ENDORSED. Seen in the Council and decided that
Don Martin de Mendoza must comply with the conditions
of his appointment and make forts and supply them with
guns and arms. The Council doubts whether he is able
to do so.