THE TRINIl)AI) HIISTO()ICAL SOCIETY.
Publication No. 119.
A Memorandum on the Dutch in the i I / lndui b, Juan D)~ologine n.
November i9th, 1637.
Source :-Additional Mss. 36324. British Museum.
Published by courtesy of the Trustces of the British Museum.
Translated from the Spanish.
SUMMARY. He states that the greatest monarchies have
been ruined by contempt and neglect of small obstacles.
He draws attention to the steady growth of the Dutch settle-
ments. He sent warnings in 1613 and often since then as
the Dutch are valiant keepers of what they acquire. The
Spaniards are left without protection and the Indians "embrace
the Dutch because they imitate the barbarians in their lives
and allow them full liberty without constraint of tribute or
labour or the sweet yoke of the Gospel, hea\y in their opinion."
Between the coast and Casanare there are 5o,ooo Indians
mostly Caribs. According to the report of Escobar, with
92 Spaniards and 60 Indians, he drove the Dutch from
Trinidad where they had settled and fortified themselves
with several large villages of Indian allies. Then lie conquered
and dislodged the Dutch in Tobago where they had cultivated
land and built a fortress with 28 pieces of cannon and had a
quantity of arms and ammunition with 150 men.
The Spaniards of Guayana have from 50,000 to 60,000
head of cattle, much coveted by the Dutch, to provide their
settlements with meat, tallow and hides. There is no other
defence but 60 inhabitants and 4,000 tributary Indians,
Exigencies of wars with France, Flanders and Lombardy
make it difficult to send help from Spain. When occasion
occurs help should be sent in one of the following ways :
i. The silver galleons should extend their voyage by
40 to 50 leagues, accomplish the end in view and then go
on to Cartagena and Porto Bello. The risks are shoal waters
and the possibility of having to remain throughout the winter.
2. Increase the infantry on the galleons adding artillery
officers and warlike stores so as to land garrisons on the coast.
3. Send out a fleet for this sole purpose. This is the
most cflcctive bit also the most costly. For 0oo men nearly
00o,000 ducats or 320 ducats each man would be required.
He considers the whole question from all its aspects and
recommends as the best way, the reinforcement of Escobar
and his people and working by stratagem, reducing the
settlements one by one. This would cost about 0oo ducats
He reports that in 1627 some 2,000 ducats were sent to
Spain fiom Trinidad for arms and supplies but that nothing
November igtlh, 1637.