THE T IN IDAI) HISTORICAL SOC50 TY.
Publication No. 116.
7/he (Govrnor fj Margatvila to /inl ing f S'ain.
Source :-Additional Mss. 36319. Briti.h Mausum.
Published by courtesy of the Trustees of the Brili'Ih Mllnu'um.
Tral 'la/ed Jfom llu' Spani3fI.
.lth J7ly, 161 1.
Don Fernando de la Hoz N Oruna, Governor of Gua\ana,
was here under treatment in this town fbr a serious illness
and had come here with the intention of going b\ this
opportunity to Spain to give an account to Your Majesty
of the progress of his conquest and his settlements.
It would seem that information reached him of some
irregular dealings which owing to his absence some inhabitants
had with the English in matters of trade, some inhabitants
and priests having dealt with them. When he had assured
himself of this, he delayed his voyage and decided to return
to his Government and to inflict exemplary punishment as
I advised him to do.
As lie was proceeding with tlihis decision, thedispatch from
Your Majesty reached him. I gave it to him and put him
in the way of carrying out the orders and commands of the
President of the Audencia of San Domingo, that he should
punish the illicit traders of that Island of which Your Majesty
has had account.
Upon this he hastened his journey and I gave him such
help as I could with vessels and soldiers from this Island
for the safety of his person, while he inflicted the punishment
which should end this trade for ever.
It would be much to the advantage of the service of Your
Majesty that the galleons of next year should cruise by this
Island leaving earlier than usual for two reasons. Firstly
to give them good length of sea service so that the dissensions
which occurred before at the salt mines of Araya may be
avoided. Without doubt English and Flemish ships will be
found in that port which they call Port of Spain ; these may
then be captured.
Secondly to help that Island which is so weak in men.
I am certain without doubt that the punishment which
Don Fernando has resolved to inflict on the Spaniards as
well as on the Englishmen, will be effective. They say that the
English were left in the country for business affairs and to
secure payment, failing which to obtain vengeance by destroying
the town. Although the Spaniards may defend themselves
well and actively, the number of men is too small for an
1 have done my best to help, being obliged to do so by
the great zeal which Don Fernando showed in fulfilling the
will of Your Majesty.
May Our Lord guard Your Catholic and Royal Person
for long years as Christianity needs.
4th July, 16 1.
Your Majesty's servant who kisses your feet.
BERNARDO DF VARGAS MACHUCO.