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 Title Page
 Frontispiece
 Letter of transmittal
 Preface
 Main














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Biennial report of the Department of Agriculture of the State of Florida, Land Division
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00080698/00016
 Material Information
Title: Biennial report of the Department of Agriculture of the State of Florida, Land Division
Physical Description: v : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Land Division
Florida -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Field Notes Division
Publisher: The State,
The State
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Frequency: biennial
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Land use -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Land titles -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Surveys -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 14th (1915/1916)
General Note: Vols for <15th (1917/1918)- contain biennial reports of the Land and Field Notes Divisions.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - AJH1437
oclc - 37865927
alephbibnum - 001758380
sobekcm - UF00080698_00016
System ID: UF00080698:00016

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Frontispiece
        Page 3
    Letter of transmittal
        Page 4
    Preface
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Main
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
Full Text







Fourteenth Biennial Report


of the

Department of Agriculture

of the

State of Florida


LAND DIVISION

FOR THE YEARS
1915 AND 1916


W. A. McRAE
Commissioner of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida


T. J. APPLEYARD, STATE *I4iI'IlINTER, TALLAIIASSIEl



























COUNTY
MAP OF

STATE OFFLO RIDA
SHOWING SUBDIVISIONS


0
K(EY WE5r



















LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, STATE OF FLORIDA,
COMMISSIONER'S OFFICE.

To His Excellency,
Sidney J. Catts,
Governor of the State of Florida.

SIR:-
As provided by law, I here submit the Biennial
Report of the Department of Agriculture, Land Division,
for the years 1915 and 1916.

Respectfully submitted,

W. A. McRAE,
Commissioner of Agriculture.





PREFACE

Before the adoption of the Constitution of 1885, the
Department of Agriculture was known as the "Depart-
ment of Lands and Immigration." The Legislature of
1889 established the Department of Agriculture, and in
that Act, May 17th, the name of this department of the
State Government was changed from the "Department of
Lands and Immigration," to the Department of Agricul-
ture. This is the fourteenth Biennial Report of the De-
partment of Agriculture and the third to be made by the
present incumbent.

There are many people in the State yet, who do not rec-
ognize the importance of this Department. The name of
the Department from the beginning has been more or less
a misnomer.

To submit a report that will give the best results, we
find it necessary to present each branch or division of the
Department separately, treating each subject or division
separate and distinct from the other. Each division will
not only be treated separately, but the report of each di-
vision will be printed under separate cover.

In order that the public may be advised of the magni-
tude and importance of the Department of Agriculture,
we give below an outline of the duties of the Commis-
sioner of Agriculture without giving a treatise on each
subject:

1-The Division of Agriculture.

2-The Division of Immigration.


3-The Prison Division.





6

4-The Pure Food and Drugs, Stock Feed and Fertilizer
Division.

5-The Land Division.

6. The Field Note Division.

7-The Fish and Shell Fish Division.

In addition to the above the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture is a member of the following Boards:

1-The Board of Commissioners of State Institutions.

2-The Board of Pardons.

3-The Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund.

4-The Board of Drainage Commissioners.





LAND DIVISION



As stated in the preface, the head of this Department
was formerly entitled "Commissioner of Lands and Im-
migration." This Department was recognized as a land
Department only. Under the present constitution and
laws of this State the Land Department is now only one
of the many varied divisions of the Department of Agri-
culture. Yet the Land Department remains one of the
most important branches of this office.
While the acreage now owned by the State has greatly
decreased, the inquiries about lands which the State has
disposed of, as well as about lands now owned by the
State, increase every year in proportion to the continued
increase in population and the increased value of the
lands. Consequently more ,clerical work has been required
in the Land Department than in any other branch of this
office. The records of this Department are of the very
greatest value to the people of this State, as the original
titles to all lands disposed of by the State must be kept
in this Department; making it most important that a
perfect record be kept for the use of the present as well
as for future generations.
Since 1877 complete records of all deeds and transac-
tions have been kept, and the records are in good condi-
tion; but prior to 1877 it was not the custom to keep any
record of copies of deeds, and these records are very im-
perfect. Some of them disappeared during reconstruction
days. This being the case it is necessary to make a most
careful search of the old files, abstract and tract books,
in order to perfect the records.
Transactions regarding the conveyances to the old Rail-
road and Canal Companies and illegal conveyances made







just after the Civil war, during Carpet Bag Rule, are un-
written. Also, so many persons failing to record their
deeds in former years, cause now a great demand on this
office for information about these old titles and trans-
actions. Many of the inquiries require much time and
very careful search, on account of the condition of the
old and imperfect records.
The abstract which is now being prepared, will correct
all errors and will show the various Acts of Congress,
granting the different classes of lands to the State, the
date of all patents and approved lists to the State and all
conveyances out of the State.
The work is being done by clerks whose long service in
the Land Department has made them familiar with the
old and imperfect records. Without the experience of
many years in this Department it would be most difficult
for one not familiar with the records, to get together all
the information to make a complete abstract, which ab-
stract is absolutely necessary to preserve the titles to all
the lands in the State.
In making the examinations of the records for data for
the abstract, several tracts of valuable land which were
shown on the maps to have been conveyed years ago, have
been found still to belong to the State. The proceeds from
the sale of these lost lands would in all probability pay
the salary of the clerk making the abstract.
The minutes of the Trustees of the Internal Improve-
ment Fund relating to the State lands are of general
public interest, as they show all their transactions and
agreements. Copies of these minutes can be had by writ-
ing the Secretary of the Trustees for same.
The lands approved and patented by the United States
to the State .of Florida are known as Swamp and Over-
flowed Lands, and Swamp Indemnity Lands. Lands
granted to the State of Florida by Special Acts of Con-
gress, but not conveyed by patent, are known as Internal
Improvement Lands, School Lands, School Indemnity







Lands, Seminary Lands and Lands granted to the State
specifically for Railroads.
The Swamnp and Overflowed Lands granted to the State
under Act of Congress, approved September 28, 1850, and
the Internal Improvement Lands granted to the State
under Act of Congress, approved March 3, 1845, are
irrevocably vested in five Trustees, to-wit:
The Governor, who is chairman of the Board; the State
Treasurer, the Attorney General, the Comptroller and the
Commissioner of Agriculture, and their successor s in
office, under Section 617, General Statutes of the State
of Florida.
The School Lands granted to the State, under Act of
Congress, on March :3, 1845, are vested in the State Board
of Education, consisting of the Governor, who is chair-
man of the Board; the Secretary of State, the Attorney
General, the State Treasurer and the State Superinten-
dent of Public Instruction, under Sections 235, 3.36 and
2458, General Statutes of the State of Florida.
The certificate of the Commissioner of Agriculture,
under his official seal, of the ownership of any lands in
this State, shall be prima. facie evidence of the facts
therein certified. See Sections 1524, 1525 and 1526, Gen-
eral Statutes of Florida.
Following are shown the various Acts of Congress
granting all the above classes of lands to the State and
tables giving a full and complete statement, in detail, of
all the lands approved and patented to the State, and the
lands disposed of by the State, and lands now on hand.
There are shown, also, in this report, the number of acres
still owned by the TUnited States Government subject to
homestead entry, giving the number of acres in each
county.
Following a'ce copies of the several Acts of Congress
ii, lifilnq the diffet i,,t classes of lands to the State of
Florida, with explanations in regard to same :







SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED LANDS.

Chapter LXXXIV, Act of September 28, 1850. Be it
enacted, etc.:
"That to enable the State of Arkansas to construct the
necessary levees and drains to reclaim the swamp and
overflowed lands therein, the whole of those swamp and
overflowed lands made unfit thereby for cultivation which
shall remain unsold at the passage of this Act shall be,
and the same are hereby, granted to said State.
"Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the
duty of the Secretary of the Interior, as soon as may be
practicable after the passage of this Act, to make out an
accurate list and plats of the lands described as aforesaid
and transmit the same to the Governor of the State of
Arkansas and, at the request of said Governor, cause a
patent to be issued to the State therefore; and on that
patent the fee simple to said lands shall vest in the said
State of Arkansas, subject to the disposal of the Legis-
lature thereof: Provided, however, That the proceeds of
said lands, whether from sale or by direct appropriation
in kind, shall be applied, exclusively, as far as necessary,
to the purpose of reclaiming said lands by means of the
levees and drains aforesaid.
"Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in making
out a list and plats of the land aforesaid, all legal subdi-
visions, the greater part of which is 'wet and unfit for cul-
tivation,' shall be included in said list and plats; but
when the greater part of a subdivision is not of that char-
acter, the whole of it shall be excluded therefrom.
"Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the provisions
of this Act be extended to, and their benefits be conferred
upon each of the other States of the Union in which such
swamp and overflowed lands, known and designated as
aforesaid, may be situated."







SWAMP LAND INDEMNITY.

See Acts of Congress of March 2, 1855, and March 3,
1857 (Act of 1857 continues in force Act of 1855). Sec.
2, Act of March 2, 1855: "Sec. 2. And be it further en-
acted, that upon due proof, by the authorized agent of
the State or States, before the Commissioner of the Gen-
eral Land Office, that any of the lands purchased were
swamp lands within the true intent and meaning of the
Act aforesaid, the purchase money shall be paid over to
said State or States; and where the lands have been lo-
cated by warrant or script the said State or States shall
be authorized to locate a quantity of like amount, upon
any of the public lands subject to entry, at one dollar
and a quarter per acre, or less, and patents shall issue
therefore, upon the terms and conditions enumerated in
the Act aforesaid; Provided, however, the said decisions
of the Commissioner of the General Land office shall be
approved by the Secretary of the Interior."
It is proper to state in connection with this, that no
lands sold, or in any way conveyed by the United States
Government, that are swamp and overflowed, since the
Act of 1857, come under the benefits of this Act. Such
lands are a clear loss to the State, as the Government in
no case reimburses the State.

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT LANDS.

What we call the "Internal Improvement Lands Proper"
are the lands conveyed to the State, under an Act of Con-
gress bearing date of September 4, 1841, and granting
500,000 acres; Section 8 of Chapter XVI, of said Act of
September 4, 1841, page 455, U. S. Statutes at Large,
reads: Sec. S. And be it further enacted, That there
shall be granted to each State specified in the first section
of this Act, five hundred thousand acres of land for pur-
poses of internal improvement: Provided, That to each







of the said States which has already received grants for
said purposes, there is hereby granted no more than a
quantity of land which shall, together with the amount
such State has already received as aforesaid, make five
hundred thousand acres, the selections in all of the said
States to be made within their limits respectively, in such
manner as the Legislatures thereof shall direct; and
located in parcels conformably to sectional divisions and
subdivisions, of not less than three hundred and twenty
acres in any one location on any public land except such
as is or may be reserved from sale by any law of Congress
or proclamation of the President of the United States,
which said locations may be made at any time after the
lands of the United States in said States respectively,
shall have been surveyed according to existing lairs. And
there shall be, and hereby is, granted to each new State
that shall hereafter be admitted into the Union, upon
such admission, so much land as, including such quantity
as may have been granted to such State before its admis-
sion, and while under a Territorial Government, for pur-
pose of internal improvement as aforesaid, as shall make
five hundred thousand acres of land, to be selected and
located as aforesaid."

DISPOSITION OF "INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT
LANDS."

An Act of the Legislature, Chapter 3474, approved Feb-
ruary 16, 1883, directed that the remainder of these lands
be set apart and the proceeds from the sale of the same
be applied to tile payment of certain bonded indebtedness
of the counties which had issued bonds for aid in building
certain, railroads in the State.
The Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund ac-
cepted and approved the Act of the Legislature to dis-
tribute the funds arising from the sale of the "Internal
Improvement Lands Proper" to the bonded counties.







After distributing these funds for several years, it was
found that some of the counties stopped the levy of their
tax for payment of their bonds, while others continued
the same. As a result of this action, some of the counties
liquidated their indebtedness, while others had bonds out-
standing. The Trustees felt that it was unfair to continue
to distribute these funds to only a part of the counties
when they had failed to continue their tax. Therefore,
for some time past no funds have been distributed. The
proceeds of this class of land have, also, so far as dis-
tributed, gone indirectly to aid in the construction of
railroads. An Act of the Legislature, Chapter 6972, ap-
proved June 14, 1915, directed the Trustees of the Inter-
nal Improvement Fund to use all funds derived from the
sale of these lands described in the Act of 1883, or the
equivalent thereof, or so much as may be necessary to
reimburse the City of Jacksonville and certain bonded
counties for the amounts paid out by them, respectively,
on said bonds, which said city and the counties have here-
tofore taken up, paid off and satisfied, and to-the taking
up, paying off and satisfying of such of said bonds as may
remain unpaid, so far as the said -funds may extend.
In compliance with the above Act, the Trustees have
since paid out other monies to said city and counties.
By reference to the report of the Trustees of the Inter-
nal Improvement Fund, a full statement can be had as to
the condition of the funds, this Department having noth-
ing whatever to do with the handling of said funds.

LANDS GRANTED TO STATE SPECIFICALLY FOR
RAILROADS.

Act of Congress of May 17, 1856, Chapter 31, of the
United States Statutes at Large:
Chap. XXXI. "Be it enacted, etc., That there be, and
is hereby, granted to the State of Florida, for the purpose







of aiding in the construction of railroads from St. Johns
River, at Jacksonville, to the waters of Escambia Ba. sot
or near Pensacola, and from Amelia Island, on the Atlan-
tic, to the waters of Tampa Bay, with a branch to Cedar
Key, on the Gulf of Mexico; and also a railroad from Pei.
sacola to the State line of Alabama, in the direction of
Montgomiery, every alternate section of land designated by
odo numbers, for six sections in width on each side of eac:'
of said roads and branch. But in case it shall appear that
the United States have, when the lines or routes of sai,!
roads or branch are definitely fixed, sold any sections or
any parts thereof, granted as aforesaid, or that the right
of pre emption has attached to the same, then it shall be
lawful for any agent or agents to be appointed by the C'ov-
ernor of said State, to select, subject to the approval of
the Secretary of the Interior, from the lands of the United
States nearest to the tiers of sections above specified, so
much lands in alternate sections or parts of sections, as
shall be equal to such lands as the United States have sold
or otherwise appropriated, or to which the rights of pre-
emption have attached, as aforesaid;' which lands (thus
selected in lieu of those sold and to which pre-emption
rights have attached as aforesaid, together with the sec-
tions or parts of sections designated by odd numbers, as
aforesaid, and appropriated as aforesaid), shall be held
by the State of Florida for the use and purposes aforesaid:
Provided, that the land to be so located shall in no case
be further than fifteen miles from the lines of said roads
and branch, and selected for and on account of each of
said roads and branch: Provided further, That the lands
hereby granted for and on account of said roads and
branch, severally, shall be exclusively applied in the con-
struction of that road or branch for and on account of
which such lan1ds are hereby granted, and shall be dis-
posed of only as the work progresses, and the same shall
be applied to no other purpose whatsoever; And provided







further, That any and all lands heretofore reserved to the
United States, by any Act of Congress, or in any other
manner by competent authority, for the purpose of aiding
in any object of internal improvement, or for any other
purpose whatsoever, be, and the same are hereby, reserved
to the United States from the operation of this Act, except
so far as it may be found necessary to locate the routes ot
said railroads or branch through such reserved lands; in
which case the right of way only shall be granted, subject
to the approval of the President of the United States."
Certified lists are on file in this office from the United
States Land Office at Washington, D. C., designating the
lands granted to the different roads under said Act.
Secs. 636-637, pages 352, 353, General Statutes of the
State of Florida, relate to the confirmation of titles to
lands conveyed under this -Act -of Congress. Reference to
the attached tables will show the number of acres the rail-
roads received under this grant.

LANDS DERIVED FROM THE UNITED STATES
FOR SCHOOL PURPOSES.

Below will be found a synopsis of the Acts and refer-
ence to the Acts of Congress, with the aid of which any
one can obtain the Act and read the full text, the scope
of this report not admitting a full presentation of the
different Acts.
From the State Treasurer's report can be learned the
amount paid to the State School Fund by the United
States Government from the 5 per cent on land sales
under the Act of 1845, as set out in the Acts to follow.
Five per cent of the land sales made by the United
States Government of the Government lands in said State
are paid to the State of Florida for school purposes, under
Act of Congress of March 3, 1845, Chapter 75, page 788,
vol. 5, United States Statutes at Large.
Under the same Act of March 3, 1845, there was granted







to the State what we call our "Seminary Lands," the pro-
ceeds arising from the sale .of which are applied to the
benefit of the University of the State of Florida, located
at Gainesville, Florida, and the Florida State College for
Women, located at Tallahassee, Florida.
In addition to the above, the same Act of March 3, 1845,
grants every 16th section in every township in the State
for public school purposes, and when there are deficiencies
in the 16th sections, indemnity for same, in lands or cash
has been granted. These 16th sections are called our
"School Lands Proper." The following is a copy of so
much of the Act of March 3, 1845, as relates to said grant:
Chap. 75, Act of March 3, 1845, Section 1:
"Be it enacted, etc., That in consideration of the con-
cessions made by the State of Florida in respect to the
public lands, there be granted to the said State eight en-
tire sections of land for the purpose of fixing their seat
of Government; also, section number sixteen,. in every
township, or other lands equivalent thereto, for the use
of the inhabitants of such township for the support of
such schools; also, two entire townships of land, in addi-
tion to the two townships already reserved, for the use of
two seminaries of learning. One to be located east, and
the other west of the Suwannee river; also, five per centum
of the net proceeds of the sale of lands within the said
State, which shall be hereafter sold by Congress, after de-
ducting all expenses incident to the same; and which said
net proceeds shall be applied by said State for the purpose
of education."

SCHOOL INDEMNITY.

Under this head, it will be found that the United States
Government allows indemnity to the State for lands dis-
posed of' by the Government, that were conveyed by other
Acts 10o the State for educational purposes. For many
years Ihe Slate has gotten indemnity in lands under the







provision hereinafter set out. The largest recovery under
these Acts was the indemnity for the sixteen sections in
the Forbes Purchase which was an old Spanish grant, the
title to which was recognized by the United States Gov-
ernmnent.
The Act of February 26, 1859, relates to indemnity,
Copy of said Act is as follows:
Chapter 58, Act of Congress, February 26, 1859:
"Be it enacted, etc., That where settlements, with a view
to pre-emption, have been made before the survey of the
lands in the field which shall be found to have been made
on Sections Sixteen and Thirty-six, said sections shall be
subject to the pre-emption claim of such settler; and if
they, or either of them, shall have been or shall be re-
served or pledged for the use of schools or colleges in the
State or Territory in which the lands lie, other lands of
like quantity are hereby appropriated in lieu of such as
may be patented by pre-emptors; and other lands are also
hereby appropriated to compensate deficiencies for school
purposes where said Sections Sixteen or Thirty-six are
fractional in quantity, or where one or both are wanting
by reason of the township being fractional, or from any
natural cause whatever; Provided, that the land by this
section appropriated shall be selected and appropriated
in accordance with the principles of adjustment and the
provisions of the Act of Congress of May 20, 1826, entitled,
'An Act to appropriate lands for the support of schools
in certain townships and fractional townships not before
provided for.' "
Under Act of Congress of February 28, 1891, the Acts
relating to indemnity for school lands were amended to
read as follows:
"Chap. 384. An Act to amend Sections 2275 and 2276
of the Revised Statutes of the United States, providing
for the selection of lands for educational purposes in lieu
of those appropriated for other purposes.
2-Lan. Div.







"Be it enacted, etc., That Sections Twenty-two Hundred
and Seventy-five and Twenty-two Hundred and Seventy-
six, of the Revised Statutes of the United States, be
amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 2275. Where settlements with a view to pre-emp-
tion or homestead have been, or shall hereafter be, made
before the survey of lands in the field, which are found to
have been made on ,Sections Sixteen or Thirty-six, those
sections shall be subject to the claims of such settlers";
"And if such sections, or either of them, have been or
shall be granted, reserved or pledged for the use of
schools or colleges, in the State or Territory in which they
lie, other lands or equal acreage are hereby appropriated
and granted, and may be selected by said State or Terri-
tory, in lieu of such as may be thus taken by pre-emption
of homestead settlers."
"And other lands of equal acreage are also hereby ap-
propriated and granted, and may be selected by said State
or Territory where Sections Sixteen or Thirty-six are min-
eral land, or are included within any Indian, military or
other reservation, or are otherwise disposed of by the
United States."
For information concerning the amount of revenue de-
rived from the land' sales, in these different branches,
reference is made to the tabulated statements in this re-
port relating to the same.














STATEMENT OF LANDS ORIGINALLY CLAIMED BY. AND CONVEYED TO CONSTRUCTED RAILROADS, CLAIMING
LANDS OTHER THAN ALTERNATE SECTIONS, JANUARY 1, 1917.


NAME OF RAILROAD


Florida Southern Ry.,
formerly Gainesville,
Ocala and Charlotte
Harbor R. R ..... (3)

Jacksonville, Tampa &
Key West Ry., for-
merly Tampa, Peace
Creek & St. Johns
River R. R. ...... (3)

Silver Springs, Ocala &
Gulf R. R. ...... (3)

Pensacola and Atlantic
R. R. ........ (3)

Palatka and Indian
River Ry . . .... (4)

Carrabelle. Tallahassee
& Georgia R. R., for-
merly Augusta. Tal-
lahassee & Gulf R.
V formerly Thomas-
ville, Tallahnssee &


288.22


130.3

65.15

161.

70.


ACRES CLAIMED


a.



St



C- S~


10,000




1 10,000

1 10,000


20,0001

6,000


-a





Zna.80"
o t.-a-^


2,882,200.00




1,303,000.00

651,500.00

3,220.000.00

420,000.00


ACRES DEEI


5-St



'a
~) a
a-


a~'a
-a. a
~ a
'a
C. 'aO
'a -
nC~
'St
a
St St
StEO


DED


-- .5 ________ J _________ --


2,481,618.77


173,863.91


1,285,120.76 189,008.54

362,194.78 1,405.51

2,157,757.07 56,267.30

352,477.45 127.094.39


2,655,482.68




1,474,129.30

363,600.29

2,214,024.37


131,711.18







15544,8674.82

44,865.94


479,571.841 .........


ACRES CLAIMED


'a 0, W'
Sta 0
Zr w




St'a'
cd= : 0


U U ___


268,870.05




17,879.38

133,561.40

1,017,376.99


*
400,581.23




17,879.38

289,305.22

1,062,242.93


I


ACRS EE


I














STATEMENT OF LANDS ORIGINALLY CLAIMED BY, AND CONVEYED TO. CONSTRUCTED RAILROADS, CLAIMING
LANDS OTHER THAN ALTERNATE SECTIONS, JANUARY 1, 1917- (Continued).
ACRES CLAIMED ACRES DEEDED ACRES CLAIMED


W '. OO aAL0JA W.
NAME OF RAILROAD It |' U



5S 'S

il I-' -^ ) Q GE-4


Gulf R. R . . . (1)
Blue Springs, Orange
City and Atlantic R.
R ................
South Florida R. R.
(from Sanford to
Kissimmee) .... (3)
Florida East Coast R.
R., formerly Jackson-
ville, St. Augustine &
Indian River R.R.(5)
Atlantic. Su wan nee
River & Gulf R.R. (2)!
St. Cloud and Sugar
Belt R. R ......... .
Tallahassee Southeast-
ern R. R.. formerly |
Georgia. Florida & I
Western R. R ... .


Totals .. . .. . . .. .... 12,003.402.00 1 7.224.098.401 (20.01.5.21(;7.44.113.(i6 |:332.i20.94]4.44.13i(.4: i4.(i70.4.57.:{7


732,300.00


141,666.66


153,600.00



2,040,000.00

200,000.00

59,136.00



200.000.00


206,370.30


50,890.74


67,661.19


200,007.34


67,608.25


4,767.36


206,370.30 .........


118,408.99 ........ .


72,428.55 .........



200,007.34 .. . .

.......... .........





. . . . .


400,605.22


00,775.92


400,005.22


90,775.92


85,938.81 85,0938.81



1,779.992.66 1,779,992.66

200,000.00i 200,000.00

59,136.00 59,136.00



200.000.00 200.000.00


48.82


28~


40.



255.

20.

15.4



20.


15,000


5,000


3,840



8.000

10,000

3,840



10,000


L


'


---








Note-*14-100 acres excess deeded on road from Kissimmee to Tampa, and this acreage is claimed on road from Jack-
sonville to Palatka.
(1) 35.324.48 acres, being the balance embraced in certificate to the Augusta. Tallahassee and Gulf Railroad Company,
having been relinquished to the Trustees by the assignees of said company under a settlement with the Trustees of the remain-
ing claim of 72.3409.18 acres, which had not heretofore been deeded, is not embraced in the above table. Claim adjusted.
(21 The Act of the Legislature granting lands to the Atlantic, Suwannee River and Gulf Railroad has been declared uncon-
stitutional by the Supreme Court of this State.
(3) SCHOOL FUND.-Residuary interest under railroad grants, of Florida Soul hern, Jacksonville. Tampa & Key West,
Silver Springs. Ocala & Gulf. Pensacola & Atlantic and South Florida Railroads, amounting to 1,855,947.57 acres, has been
duly conveyed to the State Board of Education.
(4) Claim of Palatka and Indian River Railway adjusted.
(5) Claim of Florida East Coast Railway, formerly Jacksonville, St. Augustine & Indian River R. R., adjusted.







ho







STATEMENT SHOWING RAILROADS WHICH RE-
CEIVED NO DEEDS TO SWAMP AND OVERFLOW-
ED LANDS, EXCEPT IN ALTERNATE SECTIONS
IN 6 AND 20-MILE LIMITS, TO JANUARY 1, 1917:

Name of Railroad. Acres.
Alabama and Florida (from Pensacola to
Alabama line) ......................... 27,613.32
East Florida Railway Company (Jacksonville
to St. Mary's River) ................... 15,731.29
Fernandina and Jacksonville Railway Com-
pany .................................. 23,649.98
Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central (Jackson-
ville to Lake City) ................. ... 164,568.21
Florida Railroad (Fernandina to Cedar Keys
and from Waldo to Tampa. .............. 505,144.14
Florida Midland Railway Company. ....... 12,856.79
Green Cove Springs and Melrose Railway
Company ............................ 7,781.4S
Jacksonyille, St. Augustine and Halifax River
Railroad Company ...................... .56,782.15
Jacksonville and Atlantic Railroad Company 21,501.62
Jacksonville, Mayport, Pablo Railroad and
Navigation Company ................... 10,837. 88
Live Oak and Rowland Bluff Railroad Com-
pany ................................ 3,253.21
Orange Belt Railway Company............. 88.687.92
Pensacola and Georgia Railroad (Lake City
to Tallahassee) ........................ 65,561.77
St. Johns and Lake Eustis Railroad........ 14,725.90
Sanford and Indian River Railroad Company 6,192.88
St. Johns and Halifax Railroad, changed to
St. Johns and Halifax River Railroad Com-
pany ................................. 110,398.58
St. Augustine and Palatka Railway Company 41,510.29
St. Johns Railway Company ............... 42,315.16







Tavares, Orlando and Atlantic Railroad Com-
pany .................................. 4,002.44
Western Railway of Florida (lands not recon-
veyed) .. ............................... 2,840.00

Total ................................ 1,225,955.01

RECAPITULATION OF ALL SWAMP AND OVER-
FLOWED LANDS CONVEYED TO RAILROADS
TO JANUARY 1, 1917:

Name of Railroad. Acres.
Alabama and Florida (from Pensacola to
Alabama line) .......................... 27,613.32
East Florida Railway Company (Jacksonville
to St. Mary's River) ..................... 15,731.29
Fernandina and Jacksonville Railway Com-
pany .................. ............... 23,649.98
Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central (Jackson-
ville to Lake City) ............. ......... 164,568.21
Florida Railroad (Fernandina to Cedar Key,
and from Waldo to Tampa) .............. 505,144.14
Florida Midland Railway Company.......... 12,856.79
Green Cove Springs and Melrose Railway
CQm pany ............................. 7,781.48
Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax River
Railroad Company ...................... 56,782.15
Jacksonville and Atlantic Railroad Conm-
pany .................................. 21,501.62
Jacksonville, Mayport, Pablo Railway and
Navigation Company .................... 10,837.88
Live Oak and Rowlands Bluff Railroad Com-
pany .................................. 3,253.21
Orange Belt Railway Company............... 88,687.92
Pensacola and Georgia Railroad. (Lake City
to Tallahassee) ......................... 65,561.77







St. Johns and Lake Eustis Railroad. ......... 14,725.90
Sanford and Indian River Railroad Company 6,192.88
St. Johns and Halifax Railroad, changed to
St. Johns and Halifax River Railroad Co.. 110,398.58
St. Augustine and Palatka Railway Company. 41.510.29
St. Johns Railway Company; ............... 42,315.16
Tavares, Orlando and Atlantic Railroad Com-
pany . ................................ 4,002.44
Western Railway of Florida (lands not recon-
veyed) ......................... .... 2,840.00
Florida Southern Railway, formerly Gaines-
ville, Ocala and Charlotte Harbor Rail-
road ................................ 2,655,482.68
Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway,
formerly Tampa, Peace Creek and St. Johns
River Railroad .........................1,474,129.30
Silver Springs, Ocala and Gulf Railroad ..... 363,600.29
Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad........... 2,214,024.37
Palatka and Indian River Railway. ......... 479,571.84
Carrabelle, Tallahassee and Georgia Railroad
formerly Augusta, Tallahassee and Gulf
Railroad; formerly Thomasville, Tallahassee
and Gulf Railroad....................... 206,370.30
Blue Springs, Orange City and Aalantic Rail-
road .. ................................ 118,498.99
South Florida' Railroad (from Sanford to
Kissimmee) .......................... 72,428.55
Florida East Coast Railway ............... 260,007.34

Total ................................ 9,070,068.67

NOTE-In conveyance to Florida Railroad there are
embraced 23,273.58 acres of Internal Improvement lands
proper.







STATEMENT OF SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED
LANDS CONVEYED TO CANAL AND DRAINAGE
COMPANIES TO JANUARY 1, 1917:

Name of Comnipany. Acres.
H. L. Hart, for removing obstructions from
Ocklawaha River ...................... 23,356.18
Atlantic and Gulf Coast Canal and Okeecho-
bee Land Company ............... ...... .1,721,530.40
Florida Coast Line Canal and Transportation
. Company ............................ 1,030,559.63
Etoniah Canal and Drainage Company ..... 4,:;-.';.47

Total ................................ 2,779,772.68




NUMBER OF ACRES APPROVED DIRECT BY THE
UNITED STATES TO RAILROADS IN FLORIDA,
UNDER ACT OF CONGRESS OF MAY 17, 1856, TO
JANUARY 1, 1917.

Name of Railroad. Acres.
Alabama and Florida (from Pensacola to
Alabama line) ......................... 166,691.08
Pensacola & Georgia (from Lake City to Pen-
sacola) ................................ 1,273,145.50
Florida, Atlantic & Gulf Central (from Jack-
sonville to Lake City) ................. 29,103.74
Florida Railroad (from Fernandina to Cedar
K ey) .................................. 290,183.28
Florida Central & Peninsula (from Waldo to
Tam pa) ................................ 459,650.87

Total approved direct by United States...2.218,774.45







STATEMENT SHOWING THE STATUS OF ALL
SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED LANDS PATENTED
TO THE STATE PRIOR TO JANUARY 1, 1917,
UNDER ACT OF CONGRESS OF SEPTEMBER 28,
1850.

Number of acres patented to
the State ................ 20,403,408.57
Number of acres conveyed to
railroad companies ......... 9,070,068.67

Number of acres deeded to
canal & drainage companies. 2,779,772.68

Number of acres deeded E. N.
Dickerson in 1867 for cou-
pons of Florida R. R. bonds,
which fell due prior to 1866 248,602.98

Number of acres deeded Wm. E.
Jackson in 1868 for coupons
of Florida. Atlantic and Gulf
Central R. R. bonds. ....... 113,064.80

Wells & Randolph, agents of the
State to select swamp and
overflowed lands, under con-
tract with the Governor of
Florida of Nov. 8, 1851, re-
ceived the proceeds from sale
of about .................. 100,000.00

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of L. G. Dennis, agent
of the State to procure and re-
ceive patents for swamp and
overflowed lands at Washing-







lon, under contract with the
Governor of Florida of Nov.
10, 1875 (see orders of trus-
tees of July 5, 1881, and
April 14, 1883) ............

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of Williams & Swaun,
agents of the State to select
swamp and overflowed lands,
under contract with the trus-
tees of the Int. Imp. Fund of
March 5, 1871 . .........

(Other lands were deeded on ac-
count of W. & S., under above
contract belonging to the Int.
Imp. Fund proper, embracing
4,837.98 acres, are not em-
braced in this statement, as
they were not .swamp and
overflowed lands.)

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of Williams, Swann &
Corley, agents of the State
to select swamp and over-
flowved lands under contract
with the trustees of the Int.
Imp. Fund of May 18th, 1873.

(Other lands were deeded on
account of W., S. & C., under
above contract, belonging to
\the Int. Imp. Fund proper,
amounting to 15,163.56 acres,
which are not embraced in
ihis statement, as they were


5,800.27


39,480.27


13,542.61







not swamp and overflowed
lands.)

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of Sydney I. Wailes,
agent of .the State to procure
patents for swamp and over-
flowed lands at Washington,
under contracts with the
Trustees of the Int. Imp.
Fund of April 13 and Oct. 19,
1878 ...................... 224,562.80

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of John A. Henderson,
agent of the State to select
swamp and overflowed lands
under contract with the Trus-
tees of the Int. Imp. Fund of
March 15, 1884 ............ 164,124.68

Number of acres deeded on ac-
count of S. W. Teague, agent
of the State to select swamp
and overflowed lands under
contract with the Trustees of
the Int. Imp. Fund of March
22, 1902 .................. 5,778.37

Number of acres deeded in
Disston sale ...... ........ 4,000.000.00

Number of acres deeded to all
other persons ............. 2,106,447.76

Total disposed of ........ 18,871,245.89

Balance on hand January
1, 1917 (Estimated) .... 1,532,162.68







SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED LANDS GRANTED TO
STATE OF FLORIDA UNDER ACT OF CONGRESS,
APPROVED SEPTEMBER 28, 1850.

Acres.
Amount patented to State (as
shown by last report) to
Jan. 1, 1915 (Estimated) ... 20,371,829.79
Patented to State during years
1915 and 1916, as follows:

Gainesville District. Acres.
Patent No. 172............... 161.56
Patent No. 173 ............... 40.00
Patent No. 174 ................ 247.82
Patent No. 175 ............... 108.62 558.00
Additional lands in Everglades
shown from late surveys by
State ..................... 31,020.78

Total .patented to January
1, 1917 .................. 20,403,408.57

The quantity disposed of prior
to January 1, 1915, as shown
by last report, was 19,070,-
476.92 acres. From which
must be deducted 250,180,000
aeres reconveyed to State by
R. J. Bolles under agreement
of Nov. 28, 1914. Less 6,400
re-conveyed to said Bolles.
Leaving 243,780 acres re-
turned to the State by said
Bolles. See Minutes Trustees
Nov. 28, 1914. And 40.08
acres which reverted to State







under Act of Legislature of
Dec. 10, 1862. Leaving the
correct amount disposed of. .18,835,656.84
No. acres in patent No. 172
which was deeded to E. J.
Reed before said patent was
received ................... 161.56
Amount sold in 1915.......... 8,601.20
Amount sold in 1916. ......... 2,416.29
Amount deeded Carrabelle,
Tallahassee & Gulf R. R. in
1915. Full settlement of all
claims. See Minutes Trus-
tees Dec. 12, 1912, and Aug.
17, 1914 .................. 22,400.00
Granted under Act Legislature
of 1915 to Women's Clubs.
See Entry Dec. 28, 1915 ..... 960.00
Amount deeded Miami Land &
Development Co. for benefits
derived from canal and drain-
age of State lands. See Min-
utes of Trustees Oct. 24, 1914
and April 3, 1915. See entry
of April 8, 1916 ............ 1,050.00

Total ................. 18,871,245.89

Balance on hand January 1,
1917 (Estimated) .......... 1,532,162 68







SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED LANDS SOLD DURING
THE YEARS 1915 AND 1916.


Acres.
Amount sold in 1915 ............. 8,601.20
Amount sold in 1916 ............. 2,416.29


Amount.
, 27,204.49
16,329.21


Total ..................... 11,017.49 ,$ 43,533.70



AMOUNTS PAID) ON ENTRIES MADE DURING AND
PRIOR TO THE YEARS 1915 AND 1916 UNDER
CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH THE
TRUSTEES OF THE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT
FUND OF FLORIDA.

SWAMP LANDS.

1915. h 1916.
No. Entry. Amount Paid. No. Entry. Amount Paid.
16,405 s 72.10 | 1t6,409!) 159.12


16.411
16,427
16,428
16,429
16,430
16,434
16,441
16,443
16,444
16,446
16,447
16,449
16,451
16,457
16,461


40,112.65
216.:!0
715.67
208.95
208.80
45;.77
323.11
319.95
379.09
6,913.70
529.09
4,000.00
392.00
518.40
679.15


16,410
16(,4:17
16,438
16,439
16,4461
16,449
16,461
16,462
16.467
16,468
16,469
16,470
16,474
16.478
16,481


113.83
250.00
250.00
399.60
2,759.13
977.08
364.80
439.47
184.81
112.00
233.55
76.05
75.60
108.16
70.20







SWAMP LAND)S-(Continued.)

1915. 1 1916.
No. Entry.. Amount Paid. N o. Entry. A mount Paid.


16,4(62

16,465
1(;,4(;6
16,4G6S


1(;,4(;) 1
16,470
16.474
16,475
16,478
16,481
16,482
16,486
16,489
Sovereignty
Lands
16,484
Sovereignty
Lands
16,504

Total . .


$ (;


248.75
::1.40
259.20
244.283
220.26

116i.00
14;!.78
14:3.10
250.14
228.80
148.50 1
84.56
61.60
1: 1(i.o' 0


9,6(i0.00 I


1,2:30.00

1.512.05 |


44.67
116.60
274.61
218.95
107.26(
62.40
49.:8(
57.20
59.7T
(S.75
91.85


16.482
l(i,48(i |
16,489
16.496
16,497
16,502
16,509
16,512
16,514
16,515
16,517














Total . .


)('ec. 21. 1915, amount received from' Trespass on State
Lands, W1.05.

I'nder an agreement ol November 28, 1914, wilh 4he
Trustees of lhe internall Improvement Fund of Florida,
Richard J. Bolles reconveyed to the said Trustees the
remainder of the lands originally conveyed to him by
said Trustees and included in the mortgage from said
Bolles to said Trustees, not heretofore released by said


8 7,724.75







Trustees from said mortgage, which are particularly de-
scribed in said agreement and reconveyance, amounting
to 115,060.00 acres in Palm Beach County and 135,120.00
acres in Dade County.
The said Trustees further agreeing to allow the said
Bolles until June 1, 1915, in which to repurchase the
said lands.
See Minutes of the Trustees of November 28, 1914.
Under the terms of this agreement, these lands were re-
stored to market June 1, 1915, and consequently they-
have been added to the area of the State lands on hand, in
this report, less 6,400.00 acres in Dade County, which
were reconveyed to said Bolles on April 28, 1915.

SWAMP LAND INDEMNITY.

The quantity of land located by the respective owners
of Swamp Land Indemnity Certificates, which has been
patented to the State, is as follows:

Total patented as per last report .... 94,353.59
Patented to State in 1915 and 1916,
to-wit:
Swamp Land Indemnity Patent No.
13, Supplement Gainesville 012971 252.32

Total patented to Jan. 1, 1917... 94,605.91

Of which there has been conveyed by
the State to the owners of the cer-
tificates, or to such persons as they
directed, per last report .......... 93,872.94
Conveyed in 1915 and 1916 ......... 302.42

Total conveyed to Jan. 1, 1.917 ... 94,175.36
S-Lan. Div.





34

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT LANDS.

Granted under Act of Congress, approved September 4,
1841 (total grant, 500,000 acres) :

Amount on hand January 1, 1915............. 5,279.34
Lands which reverted to State from cancelled
entries .. ................................. 360.61

Total .................................... 5,639.95
Sold during 1916 ............................ 280.00

Balance on hand January 1, 1917.............. 5,359.95

Internal Improvement Lands Sold During the Years
1915 and 1916
Acres. Amount.
Sold in 1916 ........................ 280.00 $ 980.00

NOTE-No entries of Internal Improvement Lands in
1915.
SCHOOL LANDS.

Granted Under Acts of Congress, Approved March 3,
1845, February 26, 1859, February 28, 1891.

Total granted, approximated at 1,000,000.00 acres.

Acres.
Amount on hand Jan. 1, 1915
(approximated) ........... 207,583.75
Acres.
Surveyed .................... 47,852.27
Unsurveyed ................. 159,731.48

207,583.75





35

Amount of School Indemnity
Lands approved in 1915, list 44 524.67
Lands which reverted to the
State from cancelled entries.. 120.22
Additional lands in Everglades
District .................... 620.79

Total ..................... 208,849.43
Amount sold, 1915............. 1,469.79
Amount sold, 1916 ............. 1,000.71
2,470.50

Total on hand January 1, 1917
(approximated) ........... 206,378.93
Surveyed ..... ............... 46,647.45
Unsurveyed .................. 159,731.48

206,378.93 Estimated.


SCHOOL LANDS SOLD DURING YEARS 1915-1916.

Acres. Amount.
Amount sold in 1915........... 1,469.79 $ 2,122.72
Amount sold in 1916........... 1,000.71 5,847.10

Total . ....... ...... . 2,470.50 $ 7,969.82



SEMINARY LANDS.
Acres.
Total originally granted .................... 92,160.00
Total on hand January 1, 1917.............. 363.38

Note:-No sales of Seminary Lands during years 1915
and 1916.







Chapters 6447 and 6448 Acts of 1913, put the cabinet
officers on fixed salaries and directed that, "All fees or
perquisites of any nature or character that are allowed to
be collected or received by any person connected with such
offices" be turned over to the State Treasurer.
In view of the requirement to turn over all fees to the
State Treasurer, it will be necessary for parties who
desire the service of this Bureau to remit the fee in each
case with their request for work to be done.
The following are the amounts which have been col-
lected and turned over to the State Treasurer from the
Land Division, as directed by Chapters 6447 and 6448,
Acts of 1913, since the passage of the Acts:
Fees received in 1915 .......................$ 239.50
Fees received in 1916....................... 209.00

Total ...................................$ 448.50




STATEMENT.

Showing State Lands on hand January 1, 1917-Esti-
mated.


County.
Alachua ......
Baker ........
Bay ..........
Bradford .....
Brevard ........
Broward in Drg.
District ..
Calhoun ......
Citrns ........
Clay ..........


T. I.
Swamp. Proper.


721.71 . . . .
294.23 ........
919.79 440.24
2,029.49 269.00
212.83 167.38

421,274.22 . . . .
424.77 157.82
11,480.52 . . . .
274.541 ........


School..


640.72
786.61
349.05
120.46
6,316.71


Semi-
nary.


17,152.391 ......
2,885.80 ......
989.98 ......
400.701 ......





37

STATEMENT- (Continued.)


County.
Columbia .....
Dade not in
Drg. District
Dade in Drg.
District .. . .
DeSoto not in
Drg. District.
DeSoto in Drg.
District .... .
Duval ........
Escamnbia .....
Franklin .... ..
Gadsden ...... ..
Hamilton .....
Hernando .......
Hillsborough ..
Holmes ....... .
Jackson . .......
Jefferson ......
Lafayette .....
Lake ........
Lee not in Drg.
District ....
Lee in Drg.
District ..
Leon .........
Levy .........
Liberty ....... ..
Madison ......
Manatee ......
Marion ...... .
Monroe .......


1. I.
Swamp. Proper.
1,528.96 39.89

15.52 ........

441,124._? ........

5,211 ..24 .......

29,375.27 ........
1,461.69 ........
2.80 ........
.......... ..


438.86

40.00

79.75
8,949.00
250.50
555.92


40.09

657.00
53.45
120.26
79.93


13,433.48, .


35,440.00 ........
4,170.00 ........
4,054.83 ........
. . . . . . . . . *
39.95 241.73
4,261.95 ........
659.54 235.35
191,507.87 ........


School.


Semi-
nary.


18.201 . ....


26,101.57 ......

10,654.70 . . ..

5,896.751 ......
1,420.091 ......


357.75 40.06
. . . . . I . . .
40.001 ......
119.791323.32
570.63 . . .
I .......... I ......
962.33 . . .
4,973.151 ......
1,236.681 ......

18,608.631 ......

19,840.00 . . .
280.00| ......
1,466.821 ......
il . . -. .. . [. . .

1,401.161 .....
1,756.70 ......
6,928.981|
11,819.471 ......





38

STATEMENT- (Continued.)


lI. I. Semi-
County. Swamp. Proper. School. nary.


Nassau .......
Okaloosa ......
Orange .......
Osceola not in
Drg. District.
Osceola in Drg.
District .....
Palm Beach not
in Drg. Dist.
Palm Beach in
Drg. District.
Pasco ....... .
Pinellas .......
Polk ..........
Putnam .......
Santa Rosa ....
Seminole ......
St. Johns .....
St. Lucie not in
Drg. District.
St. Lucie in
Drg. District.
Sumter .......
Suwannee ...
Taylor ........
Volusia .......
Wakulla ......
Walton .......
Washington ...
Totals ......


I (0AQ QI QA O2I


80.03
718.64


119.95


1,078.33 ........


322,010.48
79.89
159.00
2,209.71
173.00

2,879.87
6,695.66


1,427.93.

699.50 .
280.27
241.19

8,587.04
40.00
302.98


40.00





80.26
36.86


240.12
658.98
80.08
440.00
840.00
241.31


369.491 ........


2,530.04 . ....
160.00 ......
2,242.721 .... ..

1,761.83 ... . .

640.72] ......

4,238.171 ... . .

30,852.93] ......
605.41 . . .

1,201.46 ......
520.79 ......

840.01 . . .
981.49 . . .


5,456.17 .


2,557.20 . . .
520.45 . . ..
40.03 . . .
2,893.10 ......
3,130.53 . . .

795.47 . . .
314.59 ......


1,532,162.68[ 5,359.95] 206,378.931 63.38







Note.-The Supreme Court has decided that the Trus-
tees have no title to and no authority to sell the lands
under the navigable waters of Lake Jackson in Leon
County, and Lake Miccosukie, Jefferson County.
(See Florida Supreme Court Report No. 58, page 398.)



The following Circular and Table showing vacant
United States lands, are taken from report of the Com-
missioner of the General Land Office, Washington, D. C.,
dated July 1, 1916.

VACANT UNITED STATES LANDS ON JULY 1, 1916.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
GENERAL LAND OFFICE, ,
Washington, D. C., July 1, 1916.

The following tables show, by States, land districts and
counties, the area of unappropriated and unreserved pub-
lic lands, surveyed and unsurveyed, with a brief statement
of their character.
These figures are as nearly correct as is possible under
the circumstances, and are mainly intended to convey
general information as to the quantity and character of
public lands in the land districts and counties of the dif-
ferent States. The General Land Office can furnish no
more definite information as to the location or character
of the vacant lands than is here given.
Neither the General Land Office nor'the local offices can
advise inquirers as to the location of the unappropriated
tracts in counties where only a few acres are reported
as vacant. Information on that subject may be obtained
by a careful examination of the records of the local of-
flices, which are open for inspection when not in official
use.







A diagram of any township, showing the entered lands
therein, may be obtained from the register and receiver of
the proper local office at a cost of $1; in ordering such a
diagram the township and range numbers should be given.
If because of the pressure of current business relating
to the entry of lands registers and receivers are unable to
make the plats or diagrams mentioned above, they may
refuse to furnish the same and return the fee to the appli-
cant, advising him of their reason for not furnishing the
plats requested; that he may make the plats or diagrams
himself or have same made by his agent or attorney, and
that he may have access to the plats and tract books of
the local land office for this purpose, provided such use
of the records will not interfere with the orderly dispatch
of the public business.
The local officers furnish prospective settlers general
advice as to lands in their respective districts and litera-
ture regarding the method of making entry. However,
personal inspection must be made of the tract to be en-
tered before application is filed, and the settler should
exercise great care to satisfy himself as to its character
before taking any other step.






41


VACANT UNITED STATES LANDS ON JULY 1, 1916.

Statement shoicing the area of land nuappropriated and unreserved
on July 1, 1916.

FLORIDA.


Gainesville :
A lachua .............................
B aker ................................
B ay ................................
B radford ............................
B revard .............................
Calhoun ............................
C itrus ..............................
C lay .................................
Colum bia ...........................
D eSoto .............................
Escam bia .............................
G adsden ............................
H am ilton ...........................
H ernando ...........................
H olm es .............................
Jackson .............................
Jefferson ............................
Lafayette ...........................
L ake ...............................
L ee ........... .....................
L eon ...............................
L evy ...............................
L iberty .............................
M adison ............................
M manatee ............................
M arion .............................
M onroe .............................
N assau ..............................
Okaloosa ............................
O range ..............................
O sceola .............................
P asco ...............................
P olk ................................
Putnam ..............................
St. Johns ............................
St. L ucie ............................
Santa Rosa ..........................
Sem inole ............................
Sum ter .............................
Suw annce ...........................
Taylor ..............................
V olusia .............................
W akulla ............................
W alton .............................
W ashington .........................

State total ........................ .


Acres


2,508
674
4,415
919
15,452
1,240
3,488
1,722
850
8,917
815
703
713
1,065
180
147
10
7,620
18,010
12,045
120
4,704
574
596
1.520
8,923
1,337
1,723
280
2,130
734
360
1,683
6,253
1.797
582
139
946
40
540
2,760
8,808
360
5.045
1,790
135,237


Character


Low pine.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Low pine, swamp.
Low pine.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Low pine, swamp.
Low pine.
Low pine, swamp.
Low pine.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Low pine, swamp.
Low pine.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Low pine, swamp.
Low pine.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.







The following is a copy of a circular prepared by the
Register and Receiver, July, 1916:

Department of the Interior,
United States Land Office,
Gainesville, Florida.
DEAR SIR:
The public lands of the United States are not subject to
sale (except as hereinafter mentioned), but may be home-
steaded. There are many happy homes in Florida to-day
which were obtained in this manner.
(a) To make a homestead entry, one must be a citizen
of the United States, or have declared their intention to
become slch, and must get complete citizenship papers
before "final proof" or commutation proof can be made;
must be over the age of 21 years or the actual head of a
family; and the applicant must not be the owner of over
160 acres of land. A man and wife can not both make a
homestead, nor can a wife, unless she is deserted by her
husband or is the head of a family by reason of the dis-
ability, etc., of her husband.
(b) When a homesteader applies to make entry, he
must pay in cash to the Receiver a fee of $5.00 if his entry
is for less than 81 acres or $10.00 if he enters 81 acres or
more. And, in addition to this fee, he must pay, both at
the time he makes entry and final proof, a commission of
$1.00 for each 40-acre tract entered.
(c) Entries made prior to June 6, 1912, can be proved
up under either the "three year" or the "five year law";
entries made since that date must be proved up under the
"three year law." To prove up under the present law,
one-sixteenth of the land must be under cultivation at
the beginning of the second year and one-eighth at the
beginning of the third year, and the applicant is allowed
to be absent from his land five months out of every twelve.
(d) The applicant to homestead should go in person







on the land and examine it before filing his application.
The same applies to timber and stone filings.
(e) Application for homestead or for purchase under
the Timber and Stone Act must be made to this office on
a properly prepared blank furnished for that purpose and
sworn to either before the Register or Receiver or before
the Clerk of the Circuit or United States Court, County
Judge or United States Commissioner. in the county in
which the land is situated, unless some other of the officers
named within the State of Florida is shown by affidavit
accompanying the application to be the nearest and most
accessible officer authorized to take such applications.
(f) Land that is unfit for cultivation and is more
valuable for its timber than for agricultural purposes, is
subject to sale at a value found by appraisal by an agent
of the General Land Office to persons legally qualified to
purchase it, in tracts not exceeding 160 acres to one
person.
(g) We have no information as to the fertility of the
soil, topography of the country, its location as to rail-
roads, or persons living near vacant Government land. A
township is six miles square and, by the use of any sec-
tional map of Florida, you can get a fair idea of the dis-
tance of any township from railroads, towns and water
courses.
(h7)) This office has no maps showing the location of
vacant public lands, but will furnish township plats at
.$1.00 each, giving 'this information. Orders for these
plats must give the township and range number, and it
is suggested that first, second and third choice be desig-
nated. Under no condition will this office select the
numbers. No form of remittance will be accepted save
postal money orders, cash, certified checks or checks
drawn on a Gainesville (Fla.) bank. Money orders are
much preferred and should be made payable to the Re-







ceiver. The remitter'"s name on the money order must
be that of the applicant.
(i) Any person may contest an entry of homestead on
sufficient legal grounds, and application for this purpose
must be filed with the Register and Receiver. Informa-
tion on this subject will be given on request.
(j) No person whomsoever has the right to represent
this office as surveyor or locator, or otherwise, and charge
for information, because there are no employes or officials
for the purpose except in this office.
(k) The field notes are not kept in this office, but have
been turned over to the State of Florida. All inquiries
about them, as well as inquiries about State lands, should
be addressed to the Commissioner of Agriculture, Talla-
hassee, Florida.
(1) A list showing the townships by counties contain-
ing vacant Government land is herewith given. Maps are
not furnished of counties, plats of townships only being
supplied. Please advise by number the township desired.
If you wish further information, please mark the lara-
graph referring to same in this circular and return with
your reply. Yours respectfully,
ROBERT W. DAVIS, Register;
PERRY W. COLSON, Receiver.

The following counties contain vacant United States
land by townships, subject to homestead entry in Florida:

Alackua.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
7, 8, 9, 10, S ..... 14, E 8, 9, 10, S ..... ... 16, E
7, 8, 9, S ...... .. 15, E 7, 8, 11, S ........ 17, E
Bay.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
5, 6, S ........... .12, W 1, 2, 3, 4, S .......15, W
1, 5, S ...........13, W 1, 2, 3, S ......... 16, W
1, S .............. 14, W 1, 2, 3, S ......... 17, W







Baker.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, 2, N ........... 20, E 1. S .............. 22, E
1, N .............. 21, E

Bradford.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
6, S .............. 18, E 5, 6, S ........... 20, E
6, S .............. 19, E

Brevard.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
22, S .............. 35, E 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, S 37, E
20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26,S 36, E 22, 23, 29, S ........ 38, E

Calhoun.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, 2, N ........... 8, W 2, S .............. 9, W
1, N .............. 10, W 1, 8, S ............ 10, W
1, N ..............11, W 2, 6, 7, S .........11, W

Citrus.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
17, 18, 19, 20, S ... 16, E 17, 19, S .......... .19, E
17, S .............. 17, E 18, 20, S ........... 20, E
17, 18, 19, S ....... 18, E 19, S .............. 21, E

Clay.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
4,,5, 6, 7, 8, S .... 23, E 5, 6, 7, S ......... 26, E
4, 5, 8, S ......... 24, E 6, 7, S ........... 26, E

Columbia.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
2, N .............. 16, E 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, S .. 17, E
2, N .............. 17, E 1, 3. 5, S ......... 18, E
1, .-N .............. 18, E







De Soto.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
38, 39, 42, S ....... 23, E 34, 35, 40, 42, S ....28, E
41, 42, S ........... 25, E 33, 35, 39, 40, S ... 29, E
33, 35, 40, S ....... 26, E 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, S 30, E
33, S .............. 27, E 33, S .............. 31, E

Escambia.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, 5, N ........... 30, W 2, 3, S ........... 31, W
4, N ..............34, W 3, 4, S ............ 32, W
1, S ............. 30, W 4, S .............. 33, W

Gadsden.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
2, 3, 4, N ......... 5, W 1, 2, 3, N ......... 6, W

Hamilton.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1,3, N ........... 12, E 1, 2, N ........... 16, E
2, N .............. 13, E 1, S .............. 14, E
1, N ...............14, E 1, S .............. 16, E

Hernando.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
21, 22, S .......... 17, E 22, 23, S .......... 20, E
21, 22, S .......... 18, E 23, S .............. 22, E,
22, 23, S .......... 19, E

Holmes.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
4, 7, N ........... 16, W

Jackson.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
7, N .............. 8, W 7, N ...............13, W
6, N .............. 10, W







Jefferson.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
3, N .............. 5, E

Lafacyette.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
11, S .............. 9, E 9, 10, S ........... 12, E
5, 7, S ........... 10, E 7, 9, 10, 11, S .... 13, E
5, 6, 13,S ......... 11, E 6, 7, 8, S ......... 14, E

Lake.
Township. Range. Township., Range.
22, S .............. 24, E 15, 17, 18, S ....... 27, E
19, 22, 23, 24, S ... 25, E 16, 17. 18, 19, S ... 28, E
19, 21, S .......... 26, E 117, 18, 19, S ....... 29, E

Lee.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
44, 46, S .......... 21, E 43, 44, 45, 52. S ... 27, E
46, S .............. 22, E 42, 43, 44, S ....... 28, E
43, 44, 45, 46, S ... 23, E 44, 45, 46, 48, S ... 29, E
43, 45, S .......... 25, E 51, S .............. 32, E
40, 52, 53; S ....... 26, E

Leon.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, N .............. 2, W 1, S .............. 1, W

Levy.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
12, 13, 14, S ....... 13, E 13, 14, 15, S ....... 16, E
11, 12, 13, 14, S ... 14, E 11, 12, 13, S ....... 17, E
12, 15, 16, S ....... 15, E 14, S .............. 18, E

Liberty.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, 2, N ............ 7, W







Madison.
Township. Range. Township. Rank'e.
1, 2, S ............ 8, E 3, N ............... 8; E
2, S .............. 10, E 3, N .............. 9, E

Manatee.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
33, 34, 36, S ....... 20, E 33, 35, S .......... 22, E
33,34, 35, 36, 39, S 21, E

Marion.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
14, S .............. 19, E 12, 13, 15, S ....... 24, E
16, 17, S ........... 21, E 12, 13, 17, S ....... 25, E
13, 14, 16, S ....... 22, E 13, 17, S .......... 26, E
12, 16, S .......... 23, E

Monroe.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
65, 67, S .......... 27, E 65, S .............. 30, E
65, S .............. 28, E 63, S .............. 36, E
66, S .............. 29, E 59, S .............. 41, E

Nassau.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, N ............. 23, E 2, N ............. 28, E
5, N *............. 24, E 1, S .............. 23, E

Olkaloosa.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
3, N .............. 22, W 2, S .............. 23, W
1, 3, N ........... 23, W

Osceola.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
25, R .............. 27, E :1, S .............. 34, E
26, S .............. 28, E







Orange.
Township. Range. township. Range.
20, 23, 24, S ....... 27, E 22, S .............. 30, E
20, 21, 22, 23, 24, S 28, E 22, S .............. 31, E
23, S .............. 29, E 2, S .............. 32, E

Pasco.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
24, 8 .............. 17, E

Polk.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
25, 26, 28, 32, S ... 25, E 29, 30, 31, 32, S ... 29, E
29, 30, 31, 32, S ... 26, E 30, :., 32 S ....... 30, E
26, 27, 30, 31, 32, S 27, E

Putnam.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
9, 10, 11, S ...... 23, E 8, 12, S ........... 26, E
8, 11, S .......... 24, E 8, 9, 12, 13, S .... 27, E
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, S 25, E

St. Johns.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
4, 6, S ........... 27, E 10, 11, S .......... 31, E
5, 6, 10, S ....... 29, E 12, S .............. 32, E
8, 9, 10, S ....... 30, E

St. LAoie.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
31, S .............. 39, E 32, 33, 35, S ...... 40, E

Santa Rosa.
Township. Range. Township. iangie.
1, 2, N ........... 27, W 2, S .............. 24, W
2, N .............. 28, W 1, S .............. 27, W


4-Lan. Div.







Senvinole.
20, 21, S .......... 29, E 20, S ............. 32, E
20, 21, S .......... 30, E


Sumter.
Township. Range. Township.
19, S .............. 23, E


Range.


Township.
1, S .....
1, 2, 5, 6,


Suwannee.
Range. Township.
......... 13, E 6, S ....
7, S .. 14, E


Taylor.
Township. Range. Township.
4, S .............. 4, E 2, 3, 4, 6,
5, 6, S ........... 6, E 5, 6, 7, 8,
2, 3, S ........... 7, E


Range.
......... 15, E


Range.
8, S 8, E
...... 9, E


Volusia.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
13, 14, S .......... 28, E 14, 15, 16, 18, S ... 32, E
15, S ............... 29, E 16, 17, 18, S ....... 33, E
15, 16, 17, 18, S ... 30, E 17, 18, S .......... 34, E
13, 15, 16, 18, 19, S 31, E 18, 19, S .......... 35, E


Wakulla.
Township. Range. Township.
4, S .............. 2, E


Range.


Walton.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
1, 2, 3, N ......... 17, W 1, 3, S ...... .... 18, W
1, N .............. 18, W 2, 3, S ........... 19, W
1, N .............. 19, W 2, 3, S .......... 20, W
4, N .............. 21, W 2, S ..... ........ 21, W







Washington.
Township. Range. Township. Range.
2, N ..............13, W 1, 2, 3, 4, N ......15, W
1, 2, N ........... 14, W 1, 2, 3, N .........16, W

Orders for these plats must give the township and
range numbers, and remittance must be by postal money
order made payable to Perry M. Colson, Receiver, Gaines-
ville, Florida.



Copies of Photolithographic Township Maps can be
purchased of the Commissioner of the General Land Of
fice, Washington, D. C., for 25c per township.

DIVISION OF FIELD NOTES.

Another important division was given to the Depart-
ment of Agriculture when the Legislature, by Chapter
5611, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1907, added the Field Note
Division.
Just as the name "Department of Agriculture," as ap-
plied to the head of the office, is and has been from the
beginning more or less a misnomer, so, too, is the name
"Division of Field Notes," as applied to this branch of
the office, a misnomer.
There are many people in the State who do not know
what constitutes "The Field Note Division" of the De-
partment of Agriculture. In fact, there are but few people
who know what records are in, or that go to make up this
division. A large number believe, just as the name im-
plies, that only the notes of the different Deputy U. S.
Survey6rs, as written by them in the execution of their
surveys in the field, are on file in this division. The aver-
age person does not know that these records go back to
the time when Florida was in the hands of the Spaniards,







and even further back to the time of the English regime,
or when Florida belonged to England.
The old Spanish Claims, some of which date back to the
early part of the eighteenth century, are divided into
bundles of "Confirmed" and "Unconfirmed" claims. These
claims number several hundred, as anyone can see by a
glance at any of the township plats, or the map of the
State, bordering on the east coast of Florida and up and
down the St. Johns River or over near and around Pensa-
cola in the western part of the State. When Florida was
purchased by the United States from 'Spain and the flag
of our nation was raised over St. Augustine and Pensa-
cola, July 10 and 21, respectively, in the year 1821, the
U. S. Government then had to recognize these confirmed
claims. Many of the unconfirmed claims have since been
investigated by Boards of Commissioners appointed by
Congress for that purpose, found valid and confirmed by
different Acts of Congress. All of these matters help to
make up the records of this division of the office.
Prior to 1907, the field notes of all the original surveys
of the United States Government Land, as well as the
maps, plats, records of all the Spanish Grants, and all
other records bearing on the Surveys of the United States
Government Land, and all other records referred to in the
preceding paragraph, were kept in the office of the Sur-
veyor General.
When it was made known to the State of Florida by the
United States Government, in 1907, that the United States
office of Surveyor General would be discontinued, it be-
came necessary for the State to make some provisions to
take care of the many and important records of that office.
We give in full below, Chapter 5611, Acts of 1907, trans-
ferring the field notes, etc., to the Department of Agricul-
ture of the State of Florida.

Chapter 5611-(No. 16).
AN ACT to Provide for the Reception and Safe Keeping







by the Commissioner of Agriculture of the Field Notes,
Maps and Records in the Office of the Surveyor-General
Appertaining to Land Titles in Florida.

Whereas, The surveys of all Public Lands in the State
of Florida Have Been Discontinued; and Whereas, the
Federal Office of Surveyor-General in Florida is About to
be Discontinued; Necessitating under the Acts of Con-
gress, the Delivery of the Important Records of that Office
to Some Duly Authorized Official of this State for Safe
keeping; and, Whereas, such delivery Cannot, by Law,
be Made until Some Official of this State has been Auth-
orized by State Law to Receive Them, and some Provision
Made by Law for Their Safe Keeping; Therefore,

Be It Enacted By the Legislature of the State of Floridai:

Section 1. That upon the discontinuance by the Fed-
eral authorities of the office of Surveyor-General for the
State of Florida, the Commissioner of Agriculture of the
State of Florida is hereby fully authorized to receive all
of the field notes, surveys, maps, plats, papers and records
heretofore kept in the office of said Surveyor-General, and
it shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Agriculture
carefully and safely to keep and preserve all of said field
notes, surveys, maps, plats, papers and records as part of
the public records of his office, and shall at all times allow
any duly accredited authority of the United, States full
and free access to any and all of such field notes, surveys,
maps, plats, papers and records; and shall be authorized
to make and furnish under his hand and seal certified
copies of any or all of the same to any person or persons
making application therefore; Provided, That when the
Surveyor-General shall deliver the above named records
to the Commissioner of Agriculture, the Commissioner of
Agriculture is hereby authorized to employ one additional
clerk whose salary shall not exceed one hundred dollars







per month; Provided further, That it shall be the duty
of the Secretary of State under the direction of the Board
of State Institutions to provide some place suitable for
keeping such records, maps and other papers.
Sec. 2. This act shall take effect immediately upon its
passage.

Approved May'22, 1907.

Further, in view of the fact of the importance of these
records to the State and the people of our State, and the
necessity of their preservation, insomuich as the fountain
head .of the title to many large tracts of land actually
begins with, and is of record in these volumes, and fur-
ther owing to the great number of years these records
have been in use and the great number of times they have
been referred to, having been .on file at different places in
the State, at which places the office of Surveyor-General
was then located, namely: Pensacola, St. Augustine, and
Tallahassee, some ,of the records are fast becoming worn
and too old to be handled. Then, too, the paper, ink and
office supplies of the earlier days were not as good as they
are today and must of course soon wear out from being
constantly handled and referred to. A great number of
the volumes, both of the field notes and original plats of
the township maps need to be re-bound, and several vol-
umes of the field notes must be copied before they become
illegible. When this is done the "Copied Record" will be
used and thus save and preserve the old original one,
which will only be used as a reference. The United States
Government is still making some new surveys and re-
surveys in the State to correct former surveys. Copies of
these notes and plats are forwarded here for the comple-
tion of the records, and it is necessary that these notes
and plats should be bound with the other records in their
proper places. In view of the bad condition of some of
the records, as above referred to, it is necessary that the







Legislature make a small appropriation to have them re-
bound and put in a good state of preservation. A care-
ful estimate of the cost of re-binding will be made before
presenting same to the Legislature so as to give an in-
telligent idea as to what the work of re-binding will
amount to. There are a good many of the earlier town-
ship plats now being used that are fast wearing out, as
they were made of a very poor quality of paper and were
not protected by a cloth back, as is the case with the mod-
ern ones. It is also necessary to get photolithograph cop-
ies of the originals of these from the General Land Office,
Washington, D. C., and thus save and preserve these old
records.

Several volumes of the letters from the Commissioner
of the General Land Office, Washington, D. C., to the
U. S. Surveyor-General, and in turn from the Surveyor-
General to the Commissioner, dating many years back,
need to be rebound. In fact, all these records should, be
in a fire-proof vault, but owing to the smallness of the
only vault we have, in which the most important of these
are kept, it is impossible for all the records of the Field
Notes Division to be protected from fire. A close watch
is kept on those not kept in the vault and they are given
the best protection possible under the existing conditions.
Chapters 6447 and 6448, Acts of 1913, put the cabinet
officers on fixed salaries and directed that "All fees or
perquisites of any nature or character that are allowed
to be collected or received by any person connected with
such offices" be turned over to the State Treasurer.
In view of the requirement to turn over all fees to the
State Treasurer, it will be necessary for parties who de-
sire the service of this Bureau to remit the fee in each
case with their request for work to be done.

The following are the amounts which have been col-
lected and turned over to the State Treasurer from the





56

Field Note Division, as directed by Chapters 6447 and
6448, Acts of 1913, since the passage of the Act:

1913 ............................... $457.05
1914 ............................... 716.35 $1,173.40


1915 ....................... .... $. $807.45
1916 ............................... 639.43 $1,446.88


Total since the passage and approval of the
Act of the Legislature of 1913............. $2,620.28