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HIDE
 Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Letter of transmittal
 The citrus commission law
 The citrus maturity law
 The Florida citrus advertising...
 The field crate registration...
 Grower's cost guarantee law
 The color-added law
 Bond and license law
 The U. S. standards
 Rules and regularions of the florida...
 Description of apparatus used in...
 List of packing houses and shippers...
 Financial report


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Annual report
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00080552/00001
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Alternate Title: Report of the Citrus Inspection Bureau
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Citrus Inspection Bureau
Publisher: The Bureau
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Creation Date: 1935
Publication Date: -1947
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Citrus fruits -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: State of Florida, Citrus Inspection Bureau.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -1946/47 season.
General Note: Description based on: Season of 1935/1936.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002690978
oclc - 21234038
notis - ANF8306
lccn - 2001229411
System ID: UF00080552:00001
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Annual report

Table of Contents
    Cover
        Cover
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Letter of transmittal
        Page 3
        Page 4
    The citrus commission law
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    The citrus maturity law
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    The Florida citrus advertising laws
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    The field crate registration law
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    Grower's cost guarantee law
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    The color-added law
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    Bond and license law
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    The U. S. standards
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
    Rules and regularions of the florida citrus commission
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    Description of apparatus used in making maturity test
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
    List of packing houses and shippers with report of shipments
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
    Financial report
        Page 142
Full Text












STATE of FLC



CITRUS INSPECTh


BUREAU


*--


Annual Report -
Season of 1935-1936




NATHAN MAYO
COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE

J. J. TAYLOR
STATE CHEMIST


36~3~

66


ijfr


1wV. 60


"III


'














as Inspection Bureau With

Citrus Fruit Laws





Page No.

Transmittal .................................... 4

citruss Commission Law ................................ 5

.ne Maturity Law ...................................... 19

The Citrus Advertising Laws ............................ 27

5. The Field Crate Registration Law ........................ 46

6. The Grower's Cost Guarantee Law ...................... 50

7. The Color Added Law .............................. 53
(Report)

8. The Bond and License Law .................. ............ 59
(Summary)

9. The U. S. Standards .................................... 81

10. The Regulations of the Florida Citrus Commission ........ 93

11. Description of Apparatus Used in Making Maturity Test 117

12. List of Packing Houses and Shippers with Report of Ship-
ments ............. ................................ 123

13. Financial Report ....................................... 142





90808






Winter Haven, Florida,

June 22, 1936.





To The Honorable Nathan Mayo,

Commissioner of Agriculture.



Sir:



I have the honor to submit herewith report of the Citrus Inspec-
tion Bureau for the season of 1935-1936, covering shipment of
oranges, grapefruit and tangerines from September-11, 1935, through
May 31, 1936. It is with pride and pleasure that I wish to point
out the fine record of loyal and efficient service of the Bureau, in-
cluding the office personnel, the inspectors in the field, the road
guards, and the Laboratories.

I wish to gratefully acknowledge and call to your attention the
splendid cooperation given us by the industry as a whole, and es-
pecially the Citrus Commission, whose cooperation and advice was
always available and was of great value to us in effectively en-
forcing the laws.

Respectfully,

J. J. TAYLOR,

State Chemist


TJT :JL










Members Florida Citrus Commission


L. P. KIRKLAND, Auburndale
Chairman

LUTHER L. CHANDLER, Goulds

A. S. HERLONG,A ., Leesburg
Representing vtate t Large

JOHN S. TAYLOR, Largo
District One: Hillsborough, Pinellas and Manatee Counties

B. E. SMITH, Zephyrhills
District Two: Citrus, Sumter, Lake, Hernando and Pasco
Counties

C. E. STEWART, DeLand
District Three: Alachua, Putnam, St. Johns, Flagler, Marion
Levy, Seminole and part of Volusia Counties

W. L. STORY, Winter Garden
District Four: Orange and Osceola Counties

JOHN M. KNIGHT, Vero Beach
District Five: Brevard, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm
Beach, Broward, Dade and Part of Volusin Counties.

EARL W. HARTT, Avon Park
District Six: Sarasota, Hardee, Highlands, Okeechobee,
Glades, DeSoto, Charlotte, Lee, Hendry, Collier and Monroe
Counties.

JOHN D. CLARK, Waverly

THOMAS B. SWAN, Winter Haven
District Seven: Polk County

F. E. BRIGHAM, Winter Haven
Secretary


HEADQUARTERS: Lakeland










The Citrus Commission Law

Chapter No. 16854

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935
AN ACT to Stabilize and Protect the Citrus Industry of the State
of Florida and to Promote the General Welfare of such Industry
and of the State of Florida; to Create a State Citrus Commis-
sion of the State of Florida to be known as "Florida Citrus Com-
mission;" to Provide for the Appointment and Payment of Ex-
penses of the Members of such Commission and to prescribe the
Powers, Duties and Functions of such Comm-ssion and the Quali-
fications and Terms of Office of Members thereof; to Create
Seven Citrus Districts to be Numbered One to Seven; to Provide
for the Adoption by said Commission of Rules, Regulations and
Orders Necessary and Proper for an Effective Administration and
Enforcement of this Act; to Protect and Enhance the Reputation
of Florida Citrus Fruit in Domestic and .Foreign Markets; to
Regulate the Inspection, Grading and Marking of Citrus Fruit;
to Prohibit the Shipping of Citrus Fruit in Violation of this Act;
to Prescribe the Powers and Duties of the Commisioner of Agri-
culture of the State of Fl. Ida in the Enforcement of this Act;
to Provide for Judicial Review of Protests made in Connection
with any Rules, Regulations or orders adopted Pursuant to this
act; to Provide for the Levy and Collection of Assessments and
the Disbursement Thereof; to Provide for Insnection and Inspec-
tion Services; and to Provide "Penaltis-4r. -Viola-tisinklof the
Provisions of this Act and any Rule, Regulation or Order Pro-
mulgated Thereunder.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. That this Act is passed:

(a) In the exercise of the police power of the State to protect
the public health and welfare and to stabilize and protect the citrus
industry of the State of Florida.
(b) Because the citrus fruit crop grown in Florida' comprises
the major agricultural crop of Florida and the business of disposing
of such crop is of public interest.

(c) Because it is wise, necessary and expedient to protect and
enhance the quality and reputation of Florida citrus fruit in domestic
and foreign markets.









(d) To provide means whereby producers of citrus fruit and
all interested parties may secure prompt and efficient inspection and
classification of grades of citrus fruit at reasonable cost, it being
hereby recognized that the standardization of the citrus fruit indus-
try of Florida by the proper grading and classification of citrus fruit
by prompt and efficient inspection under competent authority is
beneficial alike to producer, shipper, carrier, receiver and consumer
in that it furnishes the producer and shipper prima facie evidence
of the quality and condition of products, it informs the carrier and
receiver of the quality of the products carried and received by them
and assures the ultimate consumer of the quality of the products
purchased.

(e) To stabilize the Florida citrus industry and to protect the
public against fraud, deception and financial loss through further
repetition of unscrupulous practices and haphazard methods in con-
nection with the marketing of citrus fruit.

(f) Because said Act is designed to promote the general welfare
of the Florida citrus fruit industry, which in turn will promote the
general welfare of the State of Florida.

Section 2. That as used in this Act:

1. The term "Commission" means the State Citrus Commission
hereinafter created and designated as '"Florida Citrus Commission."

2. The term "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Agri-
culture of the State of Florida.

3. The term "'person" means individual, partnership, corpora-
tion, association and/or any other business unit.

4. The term "citrus fruit" means and includes only the fruits
Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit, and/or Citrus
Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges, and/or Citrus Nobilis
Deliciosa, commonly called tangerines, grown in the State of Florida.

5. The term "ship" means to convey citrus fruit or cause citrus
fruit to be conveyed, in the State of Florida, in, the current of intra-
state and/or interstate and/or foreign commerce by rail, truck,
boat, or any other means except by express or parcel post, whether
as owner, agent or otherwise.

6. "Shipment" of citrus fruit shall be deemed to take place
when the citrus fruit is loaded, within the State of Florida, in the
car, boat, truck or other conveyance in which the citrus fruit is to
be transported in or out of the State of Florida.










7. The term "shipper" means any person engaged in shipping
citrus fruit or causing citrus fruit to be shipped, in Florida, in the
current of intrastate and/or interstate and/or foreign commerce,
whether as owner, agent or otherwise.

8. The term "standard packed box" means 1-3/5 bushels of
citrus fruit whether in bulk or containers.

Section 3. That there is hereby created and established a State
Citrus Commission to be known and designated as "Florida Citrus
Commission" to be composed of eleven practical citrus fruit men,
resident citizens of the State of Florida, each of whom is and has
been actively engaged in growing, or growing and shipping, of citrus
fruit in the State of Florida for a period of five years immediately
prior to his appointment to said Commission and who has during
said period derived the major portion of his income therefrom, or
has been the directing or managing head of a corporation, firm,
partnership or other business unit which has during said period
derived the major portion of its income from the growing, or growing
and shipping of citrus fruit. At least seven members of said Com-
mission shall be growers not connected with any packing, shipping
or marketing agency or association, either as officers or as paid
employees. The regular term of office of the members of such
Commission shall be two years from date of appointment and until
their respective successors are appointed and qualified, except as
hereinafter provided. The qualifications for members of said Com-
mission as above required shall continue throughout the respective
terms of office of all members. The Governor of the State of
Florida shall immediately after this Act becomes effective appoint
eleven men with the qualifications stated above to be members of
said commission, three of whom shall be appointed from the State
at large and the remaining eight as follows: One member from
each of the Citrus Districts hereinafter defined, created and estab-
lished, numbered Citrus Districts Numbers One to Six inclusive, and
two members from Citrus District Number Seven. Such members
shall be appointed and serve for a term of two years and until
their respective successors are appointed and qualified; provided,
however, that the members of the Commission first appointed here-
under from Citrus Districts One, Three, Five and Seven, respectively,
shall be appointed and hold their first term of office for a period
of one year only, from and after which time their successors shall
be appointed and hold office for a term of two years and until their
successors are appointed and qualified. The growers of citrus fruit
in each cf such Citrus Districts may by petition recommend to the
Governor for his consideration a duly qualified person or persons
whom they feel is well qualified to serve as, and who is their choice

7










to be a member of said Commission. A majority of the members of
said Commission shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of
all business and the carrying out of the duties of said Commission.
Before entering upon the discharge of their duties as members of
said Commission, each member shall take and subscribe to the oath
of office prescribed in Section 2 of Article XVI of the Constitution
of the State of Florida. No member of the Commission shall receive
any salary or other compensation but each member of the Commission
shall receive the sum of Ten Dollars per day for each day spent ip
actual attendance in meetings of the Commission to cover his per-
sonal expenses while in attendance, together with mileage at the
rate allowed by law to State employees for each mile actually traveled
to and from all regular and special meetings of said Commission.

Section 3A. The secretary of the Commission shall not be paid
in excess of $5,000.00 per annum.

Section 4. That the executive offices of said Commission shall
be established and maintained at a place within the State of Florida
designated by the Commission, which designated place may be changed
in the discretion of the Commission.

Section 5. That the Florida Citrus Commission shall be and it
is hereby declared and created a corporate body. The said Commis-
sion shall have power to contract and be contracted with, to have
and possess all the powers of a body corporate for all purposes
necessary for duly carrying out the provisions and requirements' of
this Act. The said Commission shall adopt a corporate seal by
which it shall authenticate its proceedings. Copies of the proceed-
ings, records and acts of the Commission and certificates purporting
to relate the facts concerning such proceedings, records and acts,
signed by the Chairman of the Commissian and authenticated by said
seal, shall be prima facie evidence thereof in all the Courts of this
State.

Section 6. That there shall be paid into the State Treasury on
or before the 15th day of each month all moneys received under the
provisions of this Act, which moneys shall be paid into the General
Inspection Fund and are hereby appropriated and made available
for defraying the expenses of the commission and of the adminis-
tration and enforcement of all provisions of this act. All assess-
ments prescribed by, and required to be paid under, the provisions
of this Act shall be paid to the Commissioner in the frist instance.

Section 7. That all salaries, costs and expenses incurred in the
administration and enforcement of this Act shall be paid out of the
General Inspection Fund.










All salaries, costs and expenses incurred in the enforcement of
the provisions of this Act shall be paid out of such General Inspec-
tion Fund upon vouchers approved by the Commissioner and war-
rants issued thereon by the Comptroller of Florida.

All salaries, costs and expenses incurred by the Commission in
the performance of its duties and the exercise of its powers under
this Act shall be paid out of such General Inspection Fund in the
following manner: vouchers shall be submitted by the Commission
to the Commissioner and he shall forthwith submit such vouchers
to the Comptroller for issuance of warrants thereon.

Section 8. That the powers and duties of said Commission shall
include the following:

1. To elect a Chairman and from time to time such other offi-
cers as it may deem advisable, and to adopt and from time to time
alter, rescind, modify and/or amend all proper and necessary rules,
regulations and orders for the exercise of its powers and the per-
formance of its duties under this Act, which such rules, regulations
and orders shall have the force and effect of law where not incon-
sistent with existing laws.

2. To act as the general supervisory authority over the admin-
istration and enforcement of this Act and the provisions thereof
and to exercise such other powers and perform such other duties as
may be imposed upon it by other laws) of the State of Florida.

3. To employ, and at its pleasure discharge, a Manager and/or
Secretary and such attorneys, clerks and employees as it deems neces-
sary, and to outline their powers and duties and fix their compen-
sation; provided, however, that such manager shall not receive a
compensation greater than $5,000.00 per annum and no attorney
or firm of attorneys shall receive a compensation greater than
$5,000.00 per annum; and, provided further, that the entire overhead
expenses of the said Commission shall not exceed $30,000.00 per
annum including the salaries of the manager and attorneys and
other persons employed in the headquarters of the Commission,
provided that this limitation shall not apply to field employees or
agents of the Commission.

4. To purchase or authorize the purchase of all office equip-
ment and supplies and to incur all other necessary expenses in
connection with and required for the proper carrying out of the
provisions of this Act.

5. To investigate violations of the provisions of this Act or of
other Acts conferring powers and duties upon said Commission and










to report its findings and/or recommendations in connection there-
with to the Commissioner.

6. To incur such reasonable obligations and expenses as may
be necessary and proper for the discharge of its powers and duties
hereunder or under other existing laws, and to have such obliga-
tions and expenses paid out of the funds authorized by law to be
collected and expended.

Section 9. That for the purpose of carrying out the terms and
provisions of this Act the following Citrus L'istricts in Florida are
hereby created and established, to-wit:

Citrus District Number One shall comprise the Counties of Hills-
borough, Pinellas and Manatee.

Citrus District Number Two shall comprise the Counties of
Citrus, Sumter, Lake, Hernando and Pasco.

Citrus District Number Three (3), shall comprise the counties
of Alachua, Putna'm, St. Johns, Flagler, Marion, Levy and Seminole
and County Commissioner's District Number one, two and three of
Volusia County

Citrus District Number Four shall comprise the Counties of
Orange and Osceola.

Citrus District Number Five shall comprise the Counties of Bre-
vard, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Dade
and County Commissioner's Districts Numbers Four and Five of
Volusia County.

Citrus District Number six shall comprise the Counties of Sara-
sota, Hardee, Highlands, Okeechobee, Glades, DeSoto, Charlotte, Lee,
Hendry, Collier and Monroe.

Citrus District Number Seven shall comprise the County of
Polk.

Section 10. That said Commission shall have full and plenary
nower to establish standards for State grades of citrus fruit and
for containers therefore and may prescribe rules, regulations and/or
orders governing the marks or tags which may be required upon
citrus fruit and/or upon containers thereof for the purpose of show-
ing the name and address of the person marketing such citrus fruit,
the grade, quality, type, variety or size of the citrus fruit and/or
the quality, type, size, weight, content, dimensions or shape of the
container; provided, however, that no standard, regulation, rule or
order under this Section which is repungnant to any requirement
made mandatory under Federal law shall apply to citrus fruit and/or









containers therefore which is being shipped from this State in inter-
state commerce. All citrus fruit sold or offered for sale or offered
for shipment within or without the State of Florida shall be graded
and marked as required by this Act and the regulations, rules and
orders adopted and made under authority of this Act, which regula-
tions, rules and orders shall, when not inconsistent with State or
Federal law, have the force and effect of law.

Section 11. That the inspection in the State of Florida of all
citrus fruit and the certifying as to grades and qualifications thereof
and the enforcement of all provisions of this Act, and/or of rules.
regulations and/or orders made pursuant and under authority of
this Act, shall be under the direction, supervision and control of the
Commissioner.

Section 12. That all citrus fruit sold or offered for sale, or
offered for shipment, or being shipped by common carrier or other-
wise, shall be graded according to the standards as now fixed by the
United States Department of Agriculture, or as such standards may
be hereafter modified or changed, and all such citrus fruit shall have
stamped thereon the grade thereof according to such standards, ex-
cept that in case such citrus fruit is sold, offered for sale, or offered
for shipment, or being shipped by common carrier, or otherwise,
enclosed in a container which meets the standards established by the
commission, it shall be sufficient if the grade of said citrus fruit shall
be stamped upon said closed container in the way and manner pre-
scribed by the Commission, provided that, under such order or regu-
lation as the Commission may prescribe, the shipper or seller using
closed containers shall have the privilege of using, instead of marking,
either labels, brands or trade-marks which shall represent State
grades or United State grades and be registered with the Commis-
sion and the Commission is hereby authorized to receive and file
for record such labels, brands or trade-marks. For the use and
benefit of those shippers desiring to have citrus fruit graded accord-
ing to the standards as now fixed by the United States Department
of Agriculture or as such standards be hereafer modified or changed,
the official United States standards for citrus fruit as applied to
the State of Florida are hereby adopted, except that the term "culls"
shall be substituted for the term "unclassified."

Section 13. That said Commissioner is hereby authorized and
empowered:

1 To enter and inspect personally, or through his authorized
inspector, employee or agent, any place within the State of Florida
where citrus fruit is being prepared, packed, loaded or stored for
shipment; to stop and inspect personally, or through his authorized









inspector, employee or agent, any shipment of citrus fruit.

2. Personally, or through his authorized inspector, employee
or agent, to forbid and prohibit the shipment or sale of any citrus
fruit found to be in violation of any of the provisions of this Act,
or any rule, regulation or order made or adopted under authority of
this Act.

3. In furtherance of the right and privilege of any shipper
to have citrus fruit graded according to the standards as now fixed
by the United States Department of Agriculture, or as such stand-
ards may be hereafter changed, to cooperate with the United States
Department of Agriculture in accordance with the existing agree-
ment or agreements between the United States Department of
Agriculture and the Florida State Marketing Bureau in connection
with Shipping Point Inspection Service, and to make any additional
agreements with the United States Department of Agriculture or
any of its branches, divisions or extensions.

4. To cause prosecution to be instituted for violation of any
of the provisions of this Act and/or for violation of any rule, regu-
lation or order promulgated by the Commission.

5. To institute such action at law or inequity as may appear
necessary to enforce compliance with any provisions of this Act
or to enforce compliance with any rule, regulation or order of the
Commission made pursuant to the provisions of this Act, and in
addition to any other remedy, to apply to any Circuit Court of
this State for relief by injunction if necessary to protect the public
interest, without being compelled to allege or prove that an adequate
remedy at law does not exist.

6. To employ and fix the compensation of such attorneys as
he deems necessary to aid and assist him in exercising the powers
and discharging the duties conferred and imposed upon him by
law, and particularly by Sub-Sections 4 and 5 of this Section of
this Act.
Section 14. That no common carrier, or other carrier or person,
shall accept for shipment or ship or transport any citrus fruit
until a grade certificate or certificates is issued showing the grade
thereof which certificate or a duplicate thereof shall be filed with
the carrier at the point of shipment, to which such certificate or
certificates there shall be be affixed the assessment stamps, to be
known and designated as "Florida Citrus Stamps", as provided in
Section 18; nor shall any common carrier, or other carrier or person,
accept for shipment or ship any citrus fruit where written notice
has been given to any such common carrier, or other carrier or









person, or their representative or agent, by the Commissioner, or
his authorized agent, employee or inspector, that said citrus fruit
does not comply witn the provisions of this Act or the rules and
regulations promulgated by the Commission, provided that the ship-
per or handler of any such citrus fruit shall have the privilege of
repacking or remarking, and that if or when the same shall have
been repacked or remarked to conform to the provisions of this
Act or said rules, regulations or orders promulgated by the Com-
mission, the Commissioner, or his authorized inspector or agent,
shall notify said common carrier, or other carrier or person, or their
agent, that such citrus fruit may be accepted for shipment and
such shipper or handler shall not be considered as having violated
this Act or said rules, regulations and/or orders.

Section 15. That when any citrus fruit is loaded in a car, boat,
truck or other conveyance, or is packed in closed containers, such
act shall be prima facie evidence that such citrus fruit is offered
for shipment.

Section 16. That all citrus fruit to be used for charitable or
unemployment relief purposes, or for use in commercial processing,
preserving or manufacture of by-products for resale, or which are
being delivered to any person in the State for grading, packing or
reconditioning, shall be exempt from the provisions of this Act.
The owner or person in possession of citrus fruit which is to be
used or disposed of as provided in this Section must, upon the
demand of any enforcing officer, give to such officer a sworn
statement in writing madt before a Notary Public, specifying that
the citrus fruit will be disposed of as provided in this Section and
the name and address of the person to whom such citrus fruit is to
be delivered and an accurate identification of such citrus fruit.
Within a reasonable time after the demand and receipt of such
statement by the officer, a written receipt must be presented to
the Commission by the person making the above mentioned state-
ment. This receipt must contain a signed statement by the person
receiving such citrus fruit that such citrus fruit, giving an accurate
description of it, has been received. It shall be unlawful to sell,
transport or deliver any of the citrus fruit mentioned in this Sec-
tion without having first secured a permit from the Commission.
Every person who sells, transports or delivers such citrus fruit
shall apply to the Commission for a permit which shall be issued
to such person for a period not to exceed twelve months. The
permitted shall, upon request of the Commission or any enforcement
officer, furnish such affidavits, receipts or other evidence as the
Commission reasonably may require as proof that the citrus fruit
mentioned in this Section has been disposed of for charity unem-










ployment relief, commercial processing, preserving or manufacture
of by-products. Such permit may be revoked or suspended for fail-
ure to furnish required evidence of lawful disposal of such citrus
fruit or for violation of any other requirement of this Section
after notice and hearing by the Commission. Such notice, when mailed
to the permitted at the address given in his application, shall give the
Commission jurisdiction to revoke or suspend such permit. Nothing
herein contained shall apply to a common carrier operating over
a regular route or between fixed termini aid transporting any of
the citrus fruit mentioned in this Section in good faith and in ac-
cordance with its duties as a common carrier

Section 17. That when any dispute as to quality, grade or
condition arises, the shipper or any financially interested person may
call in at his, her or its expense an inspector licensed by thq
United States Department of Agriculture to inspect citrus fruit.
Such inspector shall issue a regular official certificate to the ap-
plicant showing the quality, grade and condition, and in all cases
such certificate shall be prima facie evidence. If such certificate
shows the citrus fruit therein mentioned and described to conform
to the provisions of this Act and the rules, regulations or orders
of the Commission, such shipper or such financially interested per-
son may present the original certificate to the person or represen-
tative of the person having charge of the vehicle of transportation
by which such citrus fruit is to be transported, which person or
representative shall then accept such citrus fruit for shipment,
provided assessment stamps have been attached as hereinafter re-
quired, and provided all other provisions of this Act and of the
rules, regulations and orders of the Commission have been met and
complied with.

Section 18. That all citrus fruit sold or offered for sale or
offered for shipment within or without the State of Florida shall
be assessed at the rate of one cent for each standard packed box.
All such assessments shall be paid by the person selling or offering
such citrus fruit for sale or shipment to the Commissioner and
shall be credited to the General Inspection Fund to be used for
the purpose of defraying the expenses of the administration and
enforcement of this Act. All such assessments shall be due when
citrus fruit covered by this Act is prepared for shipment or sale
and payment thereof shall be evidenced by Florida Ci'rus Stamps
which shall be attached to the grade certificate or certificates show-
ing the grade of such citrus fruits.

Section 19. That it shall be the duty of each State or Countj
law enforcement officer to make arrests for violations of this Act
or of any rule, regulation or order promulgated by the commis-










sion under authority of this Act, when notified of such violation
by the Commissioner or his duly authorized agent or representative.

Section :0. That any per/cn who shall violate or aid in the
violation of any of the provisions of this Act, or any of the rules
regulations or orders promulgated hereunder by the Commission
shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not to exceed Five
Hundred Dollais, or by imprisonment for a period not to exceed
ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the dis-
cretion of the Court.

Section 21. That any and all rules, regulations and orders
promulgated by the Commission under the provisions of this Act
shall be published one time within seventy-two hours after the
same are promulgated in at least one daily newspaper in each of
the three cities of the State of Florida having the largest popu-
lation according to the last Federal Census and shall be published
one time after the same has been promulgated in at least one news-
paper in each of the several Counties where such rules, regulation
and order is effective All such rules, regulations and orders shall
become effective seventy-two hours after the same are promulgated
unless otherwise ordered by the Commission, but no rule, regulation
or order shall be effective sooner than seventy-two hours after pro-
mulgation thereof. In case written protest or protests by any
interested person or persons shall be made to any one or more
of such rules and/or regulations and/cr orders within thirty days
after publication of same, hearings shall be conducted at places
and at times to be determined by the Commission, or its authorized
agent or representative, at which all interested persons shall have
a right to be heard. Due notice of the time and place of such
hearing or hearings by the Commission, or its authorized agent
or representative, shall be given to the person or persons making
such protest or protests. In all cases such written protest or
protests shall be filed with the Commission and if there be no
such written protest or protests filed with the Commission within
thirty days after such rules, reuglations and/or orders become ef-
fective, then and in that event such rules, regulations and/or orders
shall be final. Any action of the Commission refusing to modify
the rules and/or regulations and/or orders protested shall be sub-
ject to review by any Court of competent jurisdiction.

Section 22. The Commission shall make an annual report to
the Goovernor upon the work of the commission. It shall also make
such special reports upon any phase of the work of the Commis-
sion as may be called for by the Governor, the Legislature, or
either House thereof.

Section 23. That this Act shall be liberally construed, and if










any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
therof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid,
the validity of the remainder of this Act and/or the applicability
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected
thereby, and it is the intention of the Legislature to pres-erve any
and all parts of said Act if possible. Provided, however, that this
Act shall not be construed so as to conflict with the duties of Fed-
eral agencies, but be in harmony therewith.

Section 24. That all laws and parts of laws in conflict with the
provisions of this Act be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 25. That this Act shall take effect immediately upon
its passage and approval by the Governor or upon its becoming a
law without such approval, and shall remain in force and effect
until June 1st, 1937, after which date this Act shall be of no further
force or effect.

Approved June 8, 1935

Filed in Office Secretary of State, June 8, 1935.










Chapter No. 16863

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT Providing for and Prescribing Certain Additional Powers,
Duties, and Authority of the Florida Citrus Commission; Pro-
viding for the Application of Other Provisions of Law to Rules
and Regulations Promulgated under the Provisions of this Act;
Providing the Manner in Which the Provisions of this Act Shall
be Construed.

Be It Enected by the Legis!ature of the State ,of Florida:

Section 1. The Florida Citrus Commission is hereby given full
and plenary power and authority, and it is hereby made its duty,
to do the following things:

(a) To promulgate and enforce such rules and regulations
concerning the commission to be paid on all sales of citrus fruit,
auction or otherwise, as to it shall seem fair and reasonable.

(b) To promulgate and enforce such rules and regulations con-
cerning the charges to be made for the packing, pre-cooling and
coloring of citrus fruit as to it shall seem fair and reasonable.

(c) To promulgate and enforce such rules and regulations con-
cerning the packing of citrus fruits, including the bulk, wrapping
and form, manner, and means of packing, as to it shall seem fair
and reasonable.

(d) To promulgate and enforce rules and regulations estab-
lishing such prices to be paid for the working, polishing and grad-
ing of citrus fruit for truck or bulk shipment, as to it shall seem
fair and reasonable;

Provided, however, that no rule or regulation under this sec-
tion which is repugnant to any requirement made mandatory under
Federal Law shall apply to Citrus fruit and/or containers therefore
which is being shipped from this State in Interstate Commerce.
Section 2. The provisions of law, relative to other rules and
regulations promulgated by the Florida Citrus Commission, includ-
ing those providing for the publication, providing for the enforce-
ment and prescribing the penalties for the violations of such rules
and regulations, shall apply to all rules and regulations promulgated
by the Florida Citrus Commission under and by virtue of the pro-
visions of this Act.
Section 3. If any phrase, clause, section, or part of any phrase,
clause or section of this Act shall for any reason be declared in-
17











valid by any Court of competent jurisdiction such invalidity shall
not affect the remaining portions and provisions of this Act, and
the same shall be and remain in full force and effect.

Section 4. This Act is to be liberally construed, and is to be
construed as in no wise limiting or restricting the rights, powers,
duties or authority of the Florida Citrus Commission now or here-
after in it vested by law, but is to be construed as being supple-
mentary thereto and an enlargement thereof. Provided, however,
that this Act shall not be construed so as to conflict with the
duties of Federal Agencies, but be in harmony therewith.

Section 5 All laws and parts of laws in conflict herewith are
hereby repealed.

Section 6. This Act shall take effect immediately upon its be,
coming a law.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8, 1935.










The Citrus Maturity Law

Chapter No. 16855

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT to Prohibit the Sale or Offering for Sale, the Transporta-
tion, and the Preparation, ,Receipt or Delivery for Transportation
or Market of any Citrus Fruit that is Immature or Otherwise
Unfit for Human Consumption; to Provide for the Enforcement
Thereof; and to, Provide Penalties for the Violation Thereof.
Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
Section 1. That, as used in this Act, the word "person" shall
extend to and include persons, partnerships, associations and cor-
porations; the word "box" shall refer to the standard size containers
now in common use in this State in the packing and shipment of
citrus fruit; the words "citrus fruit" shall extend to and include
only the fruits Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly and hereinafter
called grapefruit and Citrus Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called
oranges, and hereinafter called oranges, and Citrus Nobilis Deliciosa,
commonly and hereinafter called tangerines; the words "packing
house" shall extend to and include any structure or place prepared
for and used for packing or otherwise preparing citrus fruit for
market or transportation.
Section 2. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer
for sale, to transport, to prepare, receive or deliver for transpor-
tation or market any citrus fruit between the 31st day of August
and the 1st day of December in any year unless such fruit is ma-
ture in accordance with the maturity standards provided for in this
Act and is accompanied by a certificate of inspection and maturity
thereof as defined by this Act, issued by a duly authorized citrus /
fruit inspector of the Department of Agriculture of the State of
Florida. The certificates of inspection and maturity mentioned in
this Act shall be of such number, form, size and character, and shall
be used in such manner to identify the fruit to which they relate,
as the Florida Citrus Commission may by rule or regulation pre-
scribe. Inspection for maturity may be made at any time, any-
where, after the fruit is severed from the tree until the shipment,
after inspection and certification, is accepted by a common carrier,
or until it has been transported beyond the State line, where being
transported by other than a common carrier; with the further pro-
viso that shipments in bulk either by common carrier or otherwise
to a packing house for repacking in the State of Florida, must be









reinspected and recertified before final delivery to carrier, provid-
ing that only one inspection fee shall be paid by the shipper. Pro-
vided, that it shall be unlawful during the remaining period from
L'ecember lst to August 31st following in each year, for any person
to sell or offer for sale, to transport, to prepare, receive, or deliver
for transportation or market any citrus fruit which is immature
according to the standards of this Act or otherwise unfit for human
consumption, or for any person to receive any such citrus fruit
under a contract of sale, or for the purpose of sale, offering for
sale, transportation, or delivery for transportation thereof. Pro-
vided, further, that the provisions of this Act shall not apply to
sales of citrus fruit "on the trees", nor to common carriers or their
agents when the fruit accepted for transportation or transported
by any such common carrier is accompanied by a proper certificate
of maturity of such fruit as hereinafter provided, nor when the
fruit is accepted by such common carrier for transportation during
the time when no inspection is required by this Act.

Section 3 That within the purpose and meaning of this Act,
grapefruit shall be deemed to be mature only when the juice con-
tents of said grapefruit are not less than the minimum requirements
for the respective sizes of said grapefruit as set forth hereinafter.
The minimum juice contents of the juice of the respective sizes of
said grapefruit are as follows, each size being designated by the
commercial number assigned to it, based on the number of unpeeled
grapefruit of said size packed commercially in a standard size Flor-
ida packed box of grapefruit containing two cubical compartments
each having inside dimensions of twelve inches by twelce inches by
twelve inches.


1. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
2. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
3. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
4. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
5. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
6. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
7. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.
8. A grapefruit of size
centimeters of juice.


28 shall contain not less than 290 cubic

36 shall contain not less than 270 cubic

46 shall contain not less than 255 cubic

54 shall contain not les than 235 cubic

64 shall contain not less than 215 cubic

70 shall contain not less than 195 cubic

80 shall contain not less than 185 cubic

96 shall contain not less than 165 cubic









9. A grapefruit of size 126 shall contain not less than 140 cubic
centimeters of juice.
10. A grapefruit of size 150 shall contain not less than 120 cubic
centimeters of juice.

The tests of the juice contents of grapfruit hereunder shall
be based upon the average maximum amount of liquid contents
which can be extracted from the flesh and pulp of not less than three
average individual specimens of said grapefruit of any given size.
The Florida Citrus Commission shall by proper Rules
and Regulations to be issued hereunder prescribe the manner
and method of drawing of said samples and of conducting said tests.
The skin and rind shall be removed before the liquid contents are
extracted, and the mechanical juice extractor or fruit press known
as "Juicy Fruit Press" manufactured by 0. P. Schriver Co. of Cin-
cinnati, Ohio, shall be used in such process of extraction with the
strength of one man applied thereto. Provided: that by the regu-
lation of the Florida Citrus Commission any other mechanical fruit
press or juice extractor of similar construction and equal efficiency,
may be used in such process of extraction.

Section 4. That within the purpose and meaning of this Act,
oranges shall be deemed to be mature only when the ratio of the
total soluble solids of the juice thereof to the anhydrous citric acid
is not less than eight to one (8 to 1).

Section 5. That within the purpose and meaning of this Act,
tangerines shall be deemed to be mature only when the ratio of
the total soluble solids of the juice thereof to the anhydrous citric
acid is not less than seven and one-half to one (7% to 1).

Section 6. In determining the total soluble solids of oranges
and tangerines within the purpose and meaning of this Act the
Brix Hydrometer shall be used, and the reading of the hydrometer
corrected for temperature shall be considered as the per centum of
the total soluble solids. Anhydrous citric acid shall be determined
by titration of the juice, using standard alkali and Phenolphthalein
as the indicator, the total acidity being calculated as anhydrous
citric acid.

Section 7 Any citrus fruit not conforming to the above stand-
ards set forth in Sections 3, 4, 5 and 6 of this Act shall be deemed
and held to be immature within the meaning of this Act.

Section 8. The owner, manager, or operator of each packing
house at which it is intended to pack or prepare citrus fruit for
market or transportation during the present or the next ensuing
citrus fruit shipping season, shall register such packing house and









its location, shipping point, and post office with the Commissioner
of Agriculture, not less than ten (10) days before packing or other-
wise preparing any citrus fruit for sale or transportation in or at
such packing house; and he shall in addition to such registration
give the said Commissioner not less than seven (7) days written
notice of the date on which packing, or other preparation for sale
or transportation between August 31st and December 1st of citrus
fruit of the then current or then next ensuing season's crop will
be begun. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall issue a certifi-
cate of registration to each such packing house registering. It shall
be unlawful for any person to operate a citrus fruit packing house
or to pack or otherwise prepare for sale or transportation any citrus
fluit at such packing house without having previously registered
said packing house and given the notice herein required, and re-
ceiving and still having unrevoked from the Commissioner of Agri-
culture a certificate; provided, that no certificate of inspection and
maturity of any fruit shall be issued by any authorized inspector
except to a person who has registered with the Commissioner dur-
ing the then current year and has an unrevoked certificate of
registration and has given to said Commissioner the notice as re-
quired by this Act; nor shall any certificate of inspection and ma-
turity be issued until after payment of the inspection fee imposed
by or under the provisions of this Act, such payment to be avi-
denced as herein required or authorized.

For attempting to ship any citrus fruit immature or unfit for
human consumption the Commissioner of Agriculture shall revoke
for a period of not less than five (5) nor more than fourteen (14)
days the certificate of registration of any packing house whose
owner, manager, operator, or foreman or other person in authority
shall attempt to ship any such citrus fruit as aforesaid, and if the at-
tempt be accompanied by trickery, fraud, bribery or other fraudulent
methods or device then such revocation shall be for such longer
period as the Commissioner of Agriculture shall deem necessary to
prevent a repetition; and for repeated attempts the said Commis-
sioner of Agriculture shall permanently revoke said certificate and
no inspection certificate shall be issued to any packing house whose
certificate of registration has been revoked, during the period of
such revocation, and no such packing house shall be used for the
packing or shipment of citrus fruit during the period when such
registration certificate is revoked.

Section 9. Every vendor or shipper of citrus fruit between
the dates of August 31st and December 1st of each year shall pay
to the Commissioner of Agriculture a maturity inspection fee of
one cent for each box of citrus fruit by him, it, or them sold, trans-
ported or delivered for transportation, or when such fruit is sold










or transported in bulk or in containers other than standard size
boxes shall pay one cent for each one and three-fifths bushels of
such fruit. Such maturity inspection fee shall be in addition to fees
for grade inspections or for any other inspections or services re-
quired by law. Provided, however, that if the Governor and Com-
misioner of Agriculture shall determine not less than thirty (30)
days before the first day of September in any year, that a smaller
fee than that herein named will produce sufficient funds to defray
the expenses of and incident to the enforcement of this Act during
the then next ensuing citrus fruit shipping or marketing season, the
Governor may by order and proclamation reduce the fee to be paid
during the next ensuing season to such sum as may be deemed
sufficient for said purpose.

Such maturity inspection fee shall be due when the fruit is
prepared for market or transportation, and payment thereof shall
be evidenced by "Florida Citrus Stamps"; as hereinafter provided.
And it shall be unlawful to sell, deliver, transport, or deliver or
receive for transportation, any citrus fruit, payment of the fee for
which is not evidenced by proper "Florida Citrus Stamps" as may be
provided by regulation prescribed by the Florida Citrus Commission.
Provided, however, that the provisions of this Section shall not
apply to the transportation or carriage of fruit from grove to pack
ing houses within this State.

Section 10. In the event that the Florida Citrus Commission
shall determine by resolution that the late maturity of citrus
fruit in any year, or other abnormal condition shall require the
extension of the maturity inspection season after December 1st, the
Commissioner shall continue his maturity inspection service here-
under in accordance with said resolution of the Florida Citrus Com-
mission, but not later than December 31st in any case. In such
case of extension of the maturity inspection season all provisions
of this Act applicable to citrus fruit shipped between August 31st
and December 1st shall be applicable to citrus fruit shipped during
such extended maturity inspection season including the requirement
of payment of the maturity inspection fee

Section 11. None of the provisions of this Act shall apply to
the sale, transportation or carriage of citrus fruit for the bona
fide purpose of canning said citrus fruit, nor shall this Act apply
tc citrus fruit present or held in canneries for the purpose of being
canned therein.

Section 12. It shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Agri-
culture to furnish the vendors and shippers of citrus fruits with such
"Florida Citrus Stamps" to be attached to the packages of fruits










prepared for sale, transportation, or delivery for transportation, or
to the certificate of inspection and maturity, herein provided for,
or to the shipping receipt, as the Florida Citrus Commission may
by rule or regulation prescribe.

Section 13. It shall be unlawful for any authorized inspector
to make or deliver a certificate of inspection and maturity of any
citrus fruit upon which the inspection fee hereby imposed or author-
ized has not been paid, or to make or issue any false certificate as
to inspection, maturity, or payment of inspection fees.

Section 14. All citrus fruit prepared for sale or transportation,
or which is being prepared for such purposes, or which has been
or is being delivered for sale or transportation, that may be found
immature or otherwise unfit for human consumptin upon inspection
and testing, shall be seized and destroyed by a Citrus Fruit In-
spector or the Sheriff of the County where found, as may be provided
by regulations prescribed by the Florida Citrus Commission.

Section 15. That the Commissioner of Agriculture may in each
S year employ as many Citrus Fruit Inspectors for such period or
periods, not exceeding one (1) year, as said Commissioner shall
deem necessary for the effective enforcement of this Act.

All persons authorized under the provisions of this Act to
inspect and certify to the maturity of citrus fruit shall be governed
in the discharge of their duties as such Inspectors by the provisions
of this Act and by the rules and regulations prescribed by the Flor-
ida Citrus Commission as herein authorized, and shall perform their
duties under the direction and supervision of the Commissioner of
Agriculture.

Section 16. The salary of the Chief Citrus Fruit Inspector shall
be not more than Three Hundred ($300.00) Dollars per month, and
the Chief Laboratory Inspector not more than Two Hundred and
Fifty ($250.00) Dollars per month and of each of the District Super-
vising Inspectors not more than One Hundred and Seventy-five
($175 00) Dollars per month, and the salary of each of the other
inspectors shall be at the rate of not more than One Hundred and
Fifty ($150.00) Dollars per month, and in addition thereto each
Inspector shall receive his or her necessary traveling and other
expenses incurred by him or her in the discharge of his or her
duties as such inspector, which shall be paid upon approval of ac-
counts therefore by the Commissioner of Agriculture. The Commis-
sioner is hereby authorized and empowered to employ such additional
field and other agents and clerical assistants, at such times and for
such periods and to incur and pay any other expenses, including
24










traveling expenses of the Commissioner of Agriculture, during the
citrus fruit season as may be necessary for the effective enforcement
of this Act, and to assure the payment of the inspection fees hereby
imposed, or that may be imposed under the authority of this Act.

In cases of emergency or necessity when no citrus fruit inspector
is available for inspection of a particular lot of citrus fruit, the
Commissioner may designate some fit and competent individual to
inspect, test and certify as to such lot of fruit. Certificates mad2
or issued by such designated individualss shall be signed by him or
her as "Special Citrus Fruit Inspector." He or she shall not be
required to give any bond but shall be subject to the penalties im-
posed by this Act for violation of any of the provisions hereof.

Section 17. The Florida Citrus Commission shall, from time
to time, as it may deem to be expedient and necessary, make and
promulgate rules and regulations for carrying out and enforcing the
provisions and regulations of this Act.
Section 18. For the purpose of enforcing the provisions of
this Act as well as the regulations of the Florida Citrus Commission
to be issued hereunder citrus fruit inspectors are hereby empowered
and authorized to enter into any packing house at any hour of day
or night and to have and demand access and admission to any enclosed
portion of said packing house. Said Citrus Fruit Inspectors are like-
wise empowered and authorized to inspect all packing house records
pertaining to receipts from groves and to details of receiving,
handling, running, processing or packing citrus fruit.

Section 19. In the event that any packing house packing citrus
fruit during the inspecting season shall have present therein or
shall be processing or shall be packing two or more lots of fruit
simultaneously it shall be the duty of the manager or other person
in charge of said packing house to notify the Citrus Fruit Inspector
conducting inspections at said packing house of said fact and to
furnish to said inspector full information as to the source of said
several lots of fruit and the number of boxes in each several lot.

Section 20. It shall be unlawful for any person to obstruct,
hinder, resist, interfere with, or attempt to obstruct, hinder, resist,
or interfere with any authorized inspector in the discharge of any
duty imposed upon or required of him or her by the provisions of
law or by and rule or regulation prescribed by the Florida Citrus
Commission herein authorized, or to change or attempt to change
any instrument, substance, article or fluid used by any such inspector
or emergency Inspector in making tests of citrus fruit

Section 21. Any person who shall violate any of the provisions
of this Act or do or commit any act herein declared to be unlawful,

25









or shall violate any reasonable rule or regulation made and pro-
mulgated by the Florida Citrus Commission in pursuance of the
authority therefore herein given, shall be punished by a fine of not
less than Fifty (50.00) Dollars, and not more than One Thousand
($1,000.00) Dollars, or by imprisonment in the County Jail for not
more than one (1) year, or by both such fine and imprisonment in
the discretion of the Court.

Section 22. All money received by the Commissioner of Agri-
culture for maturity inspection fees and certificates of inspection
and maturity shall be paid by him to the State Treasurer, who shall
deposit said money to account of the "General Inspection Fund."

All salaries and expenses incurred in the enforcement of the
provisions of this Act shall be paid out of such "General Inspection
Fund," upon vouchers approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture
and warrants issued thereon by the Comptroller.

All salaries and expenses incurred by the Florida Citrus Com-
mission in functioning under this Act shall be paid out of such
"General Inspection Fund" upon vouchers certified by the Florida
Citrus Commission and approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture
and warrants issued thereon by the Comptroller.

Section 23. If any provision, section, sub-section, sentence,
clause or phrase of this Act is for any reason held to be unconstitu-
tional or invalid, such holding shall not affect in any way the validity
of such parts of this Act as shall not be in violation of the Constitu-
tion, or shall not otherwise be invalid.

Section 24. All laws in conflict with the provisions of this
Act are hereby repealed.

Section 25. This Act shall take effect August 1st, 1935.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8, 1935












"The Florida Citrus
Advertising Laws"



Acts ot 1935











Orange Advertising Law

Chapter No. 16856

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935
AN ACT to conserve and promote the prosperity and welfare of the
Florida Citrus Industry and of the State of Florida by promoting
the sale of oranges produced in Florida through the conducting
of a publicity, advertising and sales promotion campaign to
increase the consumption of such oranges; to levy and impose an
excise tax on oranges produced in Florida and to proivde for the
collection thereof; to create an Orange Advertising Fund; to vest
the administration of this Act in the Florida Citrus Commission
and to provide for the powers, duties and authority of said Com-
mission hereunder; and to provide penalties for violation of this
Act.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Flroida:

Section 1. That economic waste is being fostered in the citrus
industry of the State of Florida by the lack of proper advertising
and dissemination of information necessary for the development and
promotion of the sale of oranges, grown in the State of Florida;
that such unnecessary and unreasonable waste is creating chaotic
economic conditions in the citrus industry of the State of Florida
of such severity as to imperil the ability of producers of oranges
to contribute in appropriate amounts to the support of the ordinary
governmental and educational functions, thus tending to increase and
increasing the tax burdens of other citizens for the same purposes;
that in the interest of public welfare and general prosperity of the
State of Florida this avoidable and unnecessary loss can and should
be eliminated by acquainting the general public with the health-
giving qualities and the food and/or dietetic value of the different
grades of oranges grown in the State of Florida.
Section 2. That because the citrus fruit grown in Florida com-
prises the major agricultural crop of Florida and the business of
expanding markets and increasing consumption of oranges is of
public interest and because this Act is designed to promote the
general welfare of the Florida citrus industry, which in turn will
promote the general welfare of the State of Florida, this Act i:
passed.
Section 3. That as used in this Act:
1. The term "Commission" means the Florida Citrus Commis-
sion.









2. The term "person" means individual, partnership, corporation,
association and/or any other business unit.

3. The term "oranges" means and includes only the fruit Cit-
rus Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges, grown in the State
of Florida.

4. "Shipment" of oranges shall be deemed to take place when
the oranges are loaded, within the State of Florida, in the car, boat,
truck or other conveyance in which the oranges are to be trans-
ported for sale or otherwise.

5 The term "dealer" means and includes any person engaged
in the business of buying, receiving or selling oranges for profit or
remuneration.

6. The term "handler" means and includes any person handling
oranges in the primary channel of trade.

7. Oranges shall be deemed to be delivered into the primary
channel of trade when any such oranges are sold, or delivered for
shipment, or delivered for canning and/or processing into by-pro-
ducts.

8. The term "standard packed box" means 1-3/5 bushels of
oranges whether in bulk or in containers.

Section 4. That the administration of this Act shall be vested
in the Florida Citrus Commission which shall prescribe suitable and
reasonable rules and regulations for the enforcement of the pro-
visions thereof and shall administer the taxes levied and imposed
by this Act. Said Commission shall have power to cause its duly
authorized agent or representative to enter upon the premises of
any handler of citrus fruits and to examine or cause to be examined
by any such agent or representative any books, papers, records or
memoranda bearing on the amount of taxes payable and to secure
other information directly or indirectly concerned in the enforcement
of this Act. Any person required to pay the taxes levied and im-
posed by this Act who shall by any practice or evasion make it diffi-
cult to enforce the provisions of this Act by inspection, or any person
who shall after demand by the Commission, or any agent or repre-
sentative designated by it for that purpose, refuse to allow full
inspection of the premises or any part thereof or any books, records,
documents or other instruments in any way relating to the liability
of the tax payer for the tax herein imposed or shall hinder or in
any wise delay or prevent such inspection, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.

Section 5. That the Commission shall plan and conduct a cam-

29









pa'ign for commodity advertising, publicity and sales promotion to
increase the consumption of oranges and may contract for any
advertising, publicity and sales promotion service. To accomplish
such purposes the Commission shall have power and it shall be the
duty of the Commission to disseminate information:

(a) Relating to oranges and the importance thereof in pre-
serving the public health, the economy thereof in the diet of the
people and the importance thereof in the nutrition of children;

(b) Relating to the manner, method and means used and em-
ployed in the production and marketing of oranges and to laws of
the State regulating and safeguarding such production and mar-
keting;

(c) Relating to the added cost to the producer and dealer in
producing and handling oranges to meet the high standards im-
posed by the State that insure a pure and wholesome product;

(d) Relating to the effect upon the public health which would
result from a break-down of the Florida citrus industry and/or
the Florida orange industry.

(e) Relating to the reasons why producers and dealers should
receive a reasonable return on their labor and investment.

(f) Relating to the problem of furnishing the consumer at all
times with an abundant supply of fine quality oranges at reason-
able prices;

(g) Relating to factors of instability peculiar to the citrus fruit
industry in general and the orange industry in particular, such as
unbalanced production, effect of the weather, influence of consumer
purchasing power and price relative to the cost of other items
of food in the normal diet of people, all to the end that an intelli-
gent and increasing consumer demand may be created;

(h) Relating to the possibilities with particular reference t,
increased consumption of oranges.

(i) Relating to such other, further and additional information
as shall tend to promote increased consumption of oranges and as
may foster a better understanding and more efficient cooperation
between producers, dealers and the consuming public.

Section 6. That there is hereby levied and imposed until July
1, 1937, an excise tax of one cent on each standard packed box of
oranges grown in the State of Florida.

Section 7. That every handler shall keep a complete and ac-

30









curate record of all oranges handled by him. Such records shall
be in such form and contain such other information as the Com-
mission shall by rule or regulation prescribe. Such records shall
be preserved by such handlers for a period of one year and shall
be offered for inspection at any time upon oral or written demand
by the Commission or its duly authorized agents or representatives.

Section 8. That every handler shall at such times as the Com-
mission may by rule or regulation require, file with the Commission
a return under oath on forms to be prescribed and furnished by
the commission, stating the number of standard packed boxes of
oranges handled by such handler in the primary channel of trade
during the period or periods of time prescribed by the Commission.
Such returns shall contain such further information as the Com-
mission may require.

Section 9. That all taxes levied and imposed under and pur-
suant to the provisions of this Act shall be due and payable and
shall be paid when the oranges covered by this Act are first handled
in the primary channel of trade. All such taxes shall be paid to the
Commission by the person first handling the oranges covered by
this Act in the primary channel of trade. The payment of such
taxes shall be evidenced by stamps to be known and designated as
"Orange Advertising Stamps," with the amount paid for such stamps
indicated thereon, which stamps shall in every instance be affixed
to the grade certificate or certificates showing the grade of the
oranges covered thereby when such oranges are required by law
to be inspected for grade and certification thereof, and in all other
cases such stamps shall be affixed to the returns provided for in
Section 8 hereof. The Comptroller of the State of Florida shall
cause to be prepared and delivered to the Commission suitable
stamps denoting the taxes hereunder levied. The Commission shall
cause such stamps to be distributed for the payment of the taxes
prescribed in this Act and shall prescribe such methods for the
affixing and cancellation of said stamps as shall be necessary to
carry out and comply with the intent and purpose of this Act.

All revenue laws in the State of Florida relating to the assess-
ment and collection of taxes are hereby extended to and made a
part of this Act, so far as applicable, for the purpose of collecting
taxes on oranges omitted through mistake, fraud or other reason.

Section 10. That all taxes levied and collected under the pro-
visions of this Act shall be paid into the State Treasury on or be-
fore the 15th day of each month. Such moneys shall be kept in
a special fund to be known as the "Orange Advertising Fund" which
is hereby created, and all moneys coming into said special fund

31









are hereby appropriated and made available for defraying the ex-
penses of the administration and enforcement of this Act. All
money levied and collected under this Act over and above the neces-
sary administrative expense as provided for in this Act, shall be
spent exclusively for the advertising of oranges as herein provided.
Provided further that in cases where oranges are advertised jointly
with grapefruit and tangerines, or both, the Orange Advertising
Fund shall only bear its pro rata share of such advertising. All
taxes levied hereunder and collected through sale of said stamps
by the Commission shall be paid to the Comptroller of the State
of Florida for payment into said Orange Advertising Fund. Funds
expended under this Act for advertising shall be expended through
an established advertising agency within the State of Florida.

Section 11. That all costs, expenses and obligations incurred
under the provisions of this Act shall be paid out of the Orange
Advertising Fund upon warrant of the Comptroller when vouch-
ers therefore are exhibited, approved by the Commission.

Section 12. That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to
oranges consumed for domestic purposes on the premises where
produced.

Section 13. That any handler who fails to file a return or to
pay any tax within the time required by or pursuant to this Act
shall thereby forfeit to the State a penalty of five per centum of
the amount of tax determined to be due, as provided in this Act,
plus one per centum of such amount for each month of delay or
fraction thereof after the expiration of the first month after such
return was required to be tiled or such tax became due; but the
Commission, if satisfied that the delay was excusable, may remit
all or any part of such penalty. Such penalty shall be paid to the
Comptroller and disposed of as provided with respect to moneys
derived from the taxes levied and imposed by this Act.

Section 14. That no common carrier, or other carrier or person,
shall accept for shipment or ship or transport any oranges where
stamps evidencing the payment of the taxes levied and imposed
hereunder are not affixed to the grade certificate mentioned and
referred to in Section 9 hereof.

Section 15. That the powers and duties of the Commission shall
include the following:

1. To adopt and from time to time alter, rescind, modify and/or
amend all proper and necessary rules, regulations and orders for
the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties under
this Act.









2. To employ and at its pleasure discharge an advertising man-
ager, agents, advertising agencies and such clerical and other help
as it deems necessary and to outline their powers and duties and
fix their compensation.

3. To make in the name of the Commission such advertising
contracts and other agreements as may be necessary.

4. To keep books, records and accounts of all its doings which
books, records and accounts shall be open to inspection and audit
by the State Auditor at all times.

5. To purchase or authorize the purchase of all office equip-
ment and supplies and to incur all other reasonable and necessary
expenses and obligations in connection with and required for the
proper carrying out of the provisions of this Act.

6. To investigate and cause prosecution to be instituted for vio-
lation of the provisions of this Act.

Section 16. That any person who shall violate or aid in the
violation of any of the provisions of this Act, upon conviction there-
of shall be punished by a fine of not more than Five Hundred
Dollars or imprisonment for a period not to exceed ninety days,
or by both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court,
and all fines collected for violation of this Act shall be paid into
the Orange Advertising Fund.

Section 17. That this Act shall be liberally construed, and if
any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid,
the validity of the remainder of this Act and/or the applicability
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected
thereby, and it is the intention of the Legislature to preserve any
and all parts of said Act if possible.

Section 18. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 19. That this Act shall take effect immediately upon
its passage and approval by the Governor or upon its becoming a
law without such approval.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8, 1935.











Grapefruit Advertising Law

Chapter No. 16857

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT to conserve and promote the prosperity and welfare of
the Florida citrus industry and of the State of Florida by promot-
ing the sale of grapefruit produced in Florida through the conduct-
ing of a publicity, advertising and sales promotion campaign to
increase the consumption of such grapefruit; to levy and impose
an excise tax on grapefruit produced in Florida and to provide
for the collection thereof; to create a Grapefruit Advertising
Fund; to vest the administration of this Act in the Florida Citrus
Commission and to provide for the powers, duties and authority
of said Commission hereunder; and to provide penalties for vio-
lation of this Act.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. That economic waste is being fostered in the citrus
industry of the State of Florida' by the lack of proper advertising
and dissemination of information necessary for the development and
promotion of the sale of grapefruit, grown in the State of Florida';
that such unnecessary and unreasonable waste is creating chaotic
economic conditions in the citrus industry of the State of Florida of
such severity as to imperil the ability of producers of grapefruit to
contribute in appropriate amounts to the support of the ordinary
governmental and educational functions, thus tending to increase
and increasing the tax burdens of other citizens for the same pur-
poses; that in the interest of public welfare and general prosperity
of the State of Florida this avoidable and unnecessary loss can and
should be eliminated by acquainting the general public with the
health-giving qualities and the food and/or dietetic value of the
different grades of grapefruit grown in the State of Florida.
Section 2. That because the citrus fruit grown in Florida con-
prises the major agricultural crop of Florida and the business of ex-
panding markets and increasing consumption of grapefruit is of
public interest and because this Act is designed to promote the gen-
eral welfare of the Florida citrus industry, which in turn will pro-
mote the general welfare of the State of Florida, this Act is passed.

Section 3. That as used in this Act:

1. The term "Commission" means the Florida Citrus Commis-
sion.









2. The temi "person" means individual, partnership, corpora-
tion, association a'nd/or any other business unit.

3. The term "grapefruit" means and includes only the fruit
Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit, grown in the
State of Florida.

4. "Shipment" of grapefruit shall be deemed to take place when
the grapefruit is loaded, within the State of Florida, in the car, boat,
truck or other conveyance in which the grapefruit is to be trans-
ported for sale or otherwise.

5. The term "dealer" means and includes any person engaged
in the business of buying, receiving or selling grapefruit for profit or
remuneration.

6. The term "handler" means and includes any person handling
grapefruit in the primary channel of trade.

7. Grapefruit shall be deemed to be delivered into the primary
channel of trade when any such grapefruit is sold, or delivered for
shipment, or delivered for canning and/or processing into by-products.

8. The term "standard packed box" means 1-3/5 bushels of
grapefruit whether in bulk or in containers.

Section 4. That the administration of this Act shall be vested
in the Florida Citrus Commission which shall prescribe suitable and
reasonable rules and regulations for the enforcement of the provis-
ions' thereof, and shall administer the taxes levied and imposed by
this Act. Said Commission shall have power to cause its duly auth-
orized agent or representative to enter upon the premises of any
handler of citrus fruits and to examine or cause to be examined by
any such agent or representative any books, papers, records or
memoranda bearing on the amount of taxes payable and to secure
other information directly or indirectly concerned in the enforcement
of this Act. Any person required to pay the taxes levied and im-
posed by this Act who shall by any practice or evasion make it
difficult to enforce the provisions of this Act oy inspection, or any
person who shall after demand by the Commission, or any agent
or representative designated by it for that purpose, refuse to allow
full inspection of the premises or any part thereof or any books,
records, documents or other instruments in any way relating to the
liability of the taxpayer for the tax herein imposed or shall hinder
or in any wise delay or prevent such inspection, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.

Section 5. That the Commission shall plan and conduct a cam-
paign for commodity advertising, publicity and sales promotion to









increase the consumption of grapefruit and may contract for any
advertising, publicity and sales promotion service. To accomplish
such purpose the Commission shall have power and it shall be the
duty of the Commission to disseminate information:

(a) Relating to grapefruit and the importance thereof in pre-
serving the public health, the economy thereof in the diet of the peo-
ple and the importance thereof in the nutrition of children;

(b) Relating to the manner, method and means used and em-
ployed in the production and marketing of grapefruit and to laws of
the State regulating and safeguarding such production and marketing;

(c) Relating to the added cost to the producer and dealer in
producing and handling grapefruit to meet the high standards im-
posed by the State that insure a pure and wholesome product;

(d) Relating to the effect upon the public health which would
result from a break-down of the Florida Citrus industry and/or the
Florida grapefruit industry;

(e) Relating to the reasons why producers and dealers should
receive a reasonable return on their labor and investment;

(f) Relating to the problem of furnishing the consumer at all
times with an abundant supply of fine quality grapefruit at reason-
able prices;

(g) Relating to factors of instability peculiar to the citrus fruit
industry in general and the grapefruit industry in particular, such
as unbalanced production, effect of the weather, influence of con-
sumer purchasing power and price relative to the cost of other
items of food in the normal diet of people, all to the end that an
intelligent and increasing consumer demand may be created.

(h) Relating to the possibilities with particular reference to
increased consumption of grapefruit.

(j) Relating to such other, further and additional information
as shall tend to promote increased consumption of grapefruit and as
may foster a better understanding and more efficient cooperation
between producers, dealers and the consuming public.
(k) To decide upon some distinctive and suggestive trade name
and to promote its use in all ways to advertise Florida Citrus Fruit.

Section 6. That there is hereby levied and imposed until July
1, 1937, an excise tax of three cents on each standard packed box of
grapefruit grown in the State of Florida.

Section 7. That every handler shall keep a complete and ac-









curate record of all grapefruit handled by him. Such record shall be
in such form and contain such other information as the Commis-
sion shall by rule or regulation prescribe. Such records shall be
preserved by such handlers for a period of one year and shall be
offered for inspection at any time upon oral or written demand by
the Commission or its duly authorized agents or representatives.

Section 8. That every handler shall at such times as the Com-
mission may by rule or regulation require, file with the Commission
a return under oath on' forms to be prescribed and furnished by the
Commission, stating the number of standard packed boxes of grape-
fruit handled by such handler in the primary channel of trade during
the period or periods of time prescribed by the Commission. Such
returns shall contain such further information as the Commission
may require.

Section 9. That all taxes levied and imposed under and pursuant
to the provisions of this Act shall be due and payable and shall be
paid when the grapefruit covered by this Act is first handled in the
primary channel of trade. All such taxes shall be paid to the Com-
mission by the person first handling the grapefruit covered by this
Act in the primary channel of trade. The payment of such taxes
shall be evidenced by stamps to be known and designated as "Grape-
fruit Advertising Stamps," with the amount paid for such stamps
indicated thereon, which stamps shall in every instance be affixed to
the grade certificate or certificates showing the grade of the grape-
fruit covered thereby when such grapefruit is required by law to be
inspected for grade and certification thereof, and in all other cases
such stamps shall be affixed to the returns provided for in Section
8 hereof. The Comptroller of the State of Florida shall cause to
be prepared and delivered to the Commission suitable stamps de-
noting the taxes hereunder levied. The Commission shall cause such
stamps to be distributed for payment of the taxes prescribed in
this Act and shall prescribe such method for the affixing and can-
cellation of said stamps as shall be necessary to carry out and
comply with the intent and purposes of this Act.

All revenue laws in the State of Florida relating to the assess-
ment and collection of taxes are hereby extended to and made a
part of this Act, so far as applicable, for the purpose of collecting
taxes on grapefruit omitted through mistake, fraud or other reason.

Section 10. That all taxes levied and collected under the pro-
visions of this Act shall be paid into the State Treasury on or before
the 15th day of each month. Such moneys shall be kept in a special
fund to be known as the "Grapefruit Advertising Fund" which is
hereby created, and all moneys coming into said special fund are
37









hereby appropriated and made available for defraying the expenses
of the administration and enforcement of this Act. All money levied
and collected under this Act over and above the necessary adminis-
trative expenses as provided for in this Act shall be spent exclusively
for the advertising of grapefruit as herein provided. Provided further
that in cases where grapefruit are advertised jointly with tanger-
ines, oranges, or both such tangerines and oranges, the grapefruit
advertising fund shall only bear its pro rata share of such joint
advertising. All taxes levied hereunder and collected through sale
of said stamps by the Commission shall be paid to the Comptroller
of the State of Florida for payment into said Grapefruit Advertising
Fund. Funds expended under this Act for advertising shall be ex-
pended through an established advertising agency within the State
of Florida.

Section 11. That all costs, expenses and obligations incurred
under the provisions of this Act shall be paid out of the Grapefruit
Advertising Fund upon warrant of the Comptroller when vouchers
therefore are exhibited, approved by the Commission.

Section 12. That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to
grapefruit consumed for domestic purposes on the premises where
produced.

Section 13. That any handler who fails to file a return or to
pay any tax within the time required by or pursuant to this Act
shall thereby forfeit to the State a penalty of five per centum of
the amount of tax determined to be due, as provided in this Act, plus
one per centum of such amount for each month of delay or fraction
thereof after the expiration of the first month after such return was
required to be filed or such tax became due; but the Commission, if
satisfied that the delay was excusable, may remit all or any part of
such penalty. Such penalty shall be paid to the Comptroller and
disposed of as provided with respect to moneys derived from the
taxes levied and imposed by this Act.

Section 14. That no common carrier, or other carrier, or person,
shall accept for shipment or ship or transport any grapefruit where
stamps evidencing the payment of the taxes levied and imposed here-
under are not affixed to the grade certificate mentioned and referred
to in Section 9 hereof.

Section 15. That the powers and duties of the Commission shall
include the following:

1. To adopt and from time to time alter, rescind, modify and/or
amend all proper and necessary rules, regulations and orders for the
exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties under this
Act.









2. To employ and at its pleasure discharge an advertising man-
ager, agents, advertising agencies and such clerical and other help
as it deems necessary and to outline their powers and duties and fix
their compensation.

3. To make in the name of the Commission such advertising
contracts and other agreements as may be necessary.

4. To keep books, records and accounts of all its doings, which
books, records and accounts shall be open to inspection and audit by
the State Auditor at all times.

5. To purchase or authorize the purchase of all office equip-
ment and supplies and to incur all other reasonable and necessary
expenses and obligations in connection with and required for the
proper carrying out of the provisions of this Act.

6. To investigate and cause prosecution to be instituted for
violations of the provisions of this Act.

Section 16.-That any person who shall violate or aid in the vio-
lation of any of the provisions of this Act, upon conviction thereof
shall be punished by a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars
or imprisonment for a period not to exceed ninety days or by both
such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court, and all
fines collected for violation of this Act shall be paid into the Grape-
fruit Advertising Fund.

Section 17. That this Act shall be liberally construed, and if
any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid, the
validity of the remainder of this Act and/or the applicability thereof
to any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected thereby,
and it is the intention of the Legislature to preserve any and all
parts of said Act if possible.

Section 18. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 19. That this Act shall take effect immediately upon
its passage and approval by the Governor or upon its becoming a
law without such approval.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State, June 8, 1935.










Tangerine Advertising Law

Chapter No. 16858

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT to conserve and promote the prosperity and welfare of
the Florida citrus industry and of the State of Florida by pro-
moting the sale of tangerines produced in Florida through the
conducting of a publicity, advertising and sales promotion cam-
paign to increase the consumption of such tangerines; to levy and
impose an excise tax on tangerines produced in Florida and to
provide for the collection thereof; to create a Tangerine Adver-
tising Fund; to vest the administration of this Act in the Florida
Citrus Commission and to provicr, for the powers, duties and
authority of said Commission hereunder; and to provide penalties
for violations of this Act.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. That economic waste is being fostered in the citrus
industry of the State of Florida by the lack of proper advertising
and dissemination of information necessary for the development and
promotion of the sale of tangerines, grown in the State of Florida;
that such unnecessary and unreasonable waste is creating chaotic
economic conditions in the citrus industry of the State of Florida of
such severity as to imperil the ability of producers of tangerines
to contribute in appropriate amounts to the support of the ordinary
governmental and educational functions, thus tending to increase and
increasing the tax burdens of other citizens for the same purposes;
that in the interest of public welfare and general prosperity of the
State of Florida this avoidable and unnecessary loss can and should
be eliminated by acquainting the general public with the health-
giving qualities and the food gnd/or dietetic value of the different
grades of tangerines grown in the State of Florida.
Section 2. That because the citrus fruit grown in Florida com-
prises the major agricultural crop of Florida and the business of
expanding markets and increasing consumption of tangerines is of
public interest and because this Act is designed to promote the gen-
eral welfare of the Florida citrus industry, which in turn will promote
the general welfare of the State of Florida, this Act is passed.

Section 3. That as used in this Act:

1. The term "Commission" means the Florida Citrus Commis-
sion.









2. The term "person" means individual, partnership, corpora-
tion, association and/or any other business unit.

3. The term "tangerines" means and includes only the fruit
Citrus Nobilis Deliciosa., commonly called tangerines, grown in the
State of Florida.

4. "Shipment" of tangerines shall be deemed to take place when
the tangerines are loaded, within the State of Florida, in the car,
boat, truck or other conveyance in which the tangerines are to be
transported for sale or otherwise.

5. The term "dealer" means and includes any person engaged
in the business of buying, receiving or selling tangerines for profit
or remuneration.

6. The term "handler" means and includes any person handling
tangerines in the primary channel of trade.

7. Tangerines shall be deemed to be delivered into the primary
channel of trade when any such tangerines are sold, or delivered for
shipment, or delivered for canning and/or processing into by-products.

8. The term "standard packed box" means 1-3/5 bushels of
tangerines whether in bulk or in containers.

Section 4. That the administration of this Act shall be vested in
the Florida Citrus Commission which shall prescribe suitable and
reasonable rules and regulations for the enforcement of the provisions
thereof and shall administer the taxes levied and imposed by this
Act. Said Commission shall have power to cause its duly author-
ized agent or representative to enter upon the premises of any handler
of citrus fruits and to examine or cause tc be examined by any such
agent or representative any books, papers, records cr memoranda
bearing on the amount of taxes payable and to secure other infor-
mation directly or indirectly concerned in the enforcement of this
Act. Any person required to pay the taxes levied and imposed by
this Act who shall by any practice or evasion make it difficult to
enforce the provisions of this Act by inspection, or any person who
shall after demand by the Commission, or any agent or representa-
tive designated by it for that purpose, refuse to allow full inspection
of the premises or any part thereof or any books, records, documents
or other instruments in any way relating to the liability of the tax
payer for the tax herein imposed or shall hinder or in any wise delay
or prevent such inspection, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and
upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.

Section 5. That the Commission shall plan and conduct a cam-
paign for commodity advertising, publicity and sales promotion to










increase the consumption of tangerines and may contract for any
advertising, publicity and sales promotion service. To accomplish
such purpose the Commission shall have power and it shall be the
duty of the Commission to disseminate information:

(a) Relating to tangerines and the importance thereof in pre-
serving the public health, the economy thereof in the diet of the
people and the importance thereof in the nutrition of children;

(b) Relating to the manner, method and means used and em-
ployed in the production and marketing of tangerines and to laws of
the State regulating and safeguarding such production and marketing;

(c) Relating to the added cost to the producer and dealer in
producing and handlnig tangerines to meet the high standards im-
posed by the State that insure a pure and wholesome product;

(d) Relating to the effect upon the public health which would
result from a break-down of the Florida citrus industry and/or the
Florida tangerine industry;

(e) Relating to the reasons why producers and dealers should
receive a reasonable return on their labor and investment.

(f) Relating to the problem of furnshing the consumer at all
times with an abundant supply of fine quality tangerines at reason-
able prices;

(g) Relating to factors of instability peculiar to the citrus fruit
industry in general and the tangerine industry in particular, such
as unbalanced production, effect of the weather, influence of con-
sumer purchasing power and price relative to the cost of other items
of food in the normal diet of people, all to the end that an intelligent
and increasing consumer demand may be created;
(h) Relating to the possibilities with particular reference to
increased consumption of tangerines.
(i) Relating to such other, further and additional information
as shall tend to promote increased consumption of tangerines and as
may foster a better understanding and more efficient cooperation
between producers, dealers and the consuming public.
(j) To decide upon some distinctive and suggestive trade name
and to promote its use in all ways to advertise Florida Citrus Fruit.

Section 6. That there is hereby levied and imposed until July
1, 1937, an excise tax of five cents on each standard packed box of
tangerines grown in the State of Florida.

Section 7. That every handler shall keep a complete and ac-
curate record of all tangerines handled by him. Such records shall









be in such form and contain such other information as the Commis-
sion shall by rule or regulation prescribe. Such records shall be
preserved by such handlers for a period of one year and shall be
offered for inspection at any time upon oral or written demand by
the Commission or its duly authorized agents or representatives

Section 8. That every handler shall at such times as the Com-
mission may by rule or regulation require, file with the Commission
a return under oath on forms to be prescribed and furnished by the
Commission, stating the number of standard packed boxes of tan-
gerines handled by such handler in the primary channel of trade
during the period or periods of time prescribed by the Commission.
Such returns shall contain such further information as the Commis-
sion may require.

Section 9. That all taxes levied and imposed under and pursuant
to the provisions of this Act shall be due and payable and shall be
paid when the tangerines covered by this Act are first handled in
the primary channel of trade. All such taxes shall be paid to the
Commission by the person first handling the tangerines covered by
this Act in the primary channel of trade. The payment of such taxes
shall be evidenced by stamps to be known and designated as "Tan-
gerine Advertising Stamps," with the amount paid for such stamps
indicated thereon, which stamps shall in every instance be affixed to
the grade certificate or certificates showing the grade of the tan-
gerines covered thereby when such tangerines are required by law
to be inspected for grade and certification thereof, and in all other
cases such stamps shall be affixed to the returns provided for in
Section 8 hereof. The Comptroller of the State of Florida shall cause
to be prepared and delivered to the Commission suitable stamps de-
noting the taxes hereunder levied. The Commission shall cause such
stamps to be distributed for the payment of the taxes prescribed in
this Act and shall prescribe such method for the affixing and can-
cellation of said stamps as shall be necessary to carry out and com-
ply with the intent and purpose of this Act.

All revenue laws in the State of Florida relating to the assess-
ment and collection of taxes are hereby extended to and made a
part of this Act, so far as applicable, for the purpose of collecting
taxes on tangerines omitted through mistake, fraud or other reason.

Section 10. That all taxes levied and collected under the pro-
visions of this Act shall be paid into the State Treasury on or before
the 15th day of each month. Such moneys shall be kept in a special
fund to be known as the "Tangerine Advertising Fund" which is
hereby created, and all moneys coming into said special fund are
hereby appropriated and made available for defraying the expenses
of the administration and enforcement of this Act. All taxes levied
43









hereunder and collected through sale of said stamps by the Commis-
sion shall be paid to the Comptroller of the State of Florida for pay-
ment into said Tangerine Advertising Fund. Funds expended under
this Act for advertising shall be expended through an established
advertising agency within the State of Florida.

Section 11. That all costs, expenses and obligations incurred
under the provisions of this Act shall be paid out of the Tangerine
Advertising Fund upon warrant of the Comptroller when vouchers
therefore are exhibited, approved by the Commission.

Section 12. That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to
tangerines consumed for domestic purposes on the premises where
produced.

Section 13. That any handler who fails to file a return or to
pay any tax within the time required by or pursuant to this Act
sha:l thereby forfeit to the State a penalty of five per centum of the
amount of tax determined to be due, as provided in this Act, plus
one per centum of such amount for each month of delay or fraction
thereof after the expiration of the first month after such return was.
required to be filed or such tax became due; but the Commission, if
satisfied that the delay wa' excusable, may remit all or any part of
such penalty. Such penalty shall be paid to the Comptroller and
disposed of as provided with respect to moneys derived from the
taxes levied and imposed by this Act.

Section 14. That no common carrier or other carrier or person,
shall accept for shipment or ship or transport any tangerines where
stamps evidencing the payment of the taxes levied and imposed here-
under are not affixed to the grade certificate mentioned and referred
to in Section 9 hereof.

Section 15. That the powers and duties of the Commission shall
include the following:

1. To adopt and from time to time alter, rescind, modify and/or
vmcnd all proper and necessary rules, regulations and orders for the
exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties under this
Act.

2. To employ and at its pleasure discharge an advertising man-
ager, agents, advertising agencies and such clerical and other help
as it deems necessary and to outline their powers and duties and
fix their compensation.
3. To make in the name of the Commission such advertising
contracts and other agreements as may be necessary.
4. To keep books, records and accounts of all its doings which

44









books, records and accounts shall be open to inspection and audit
by the State Auditor at all times.

5. To purchase or authorize the purchase of all office equip-
ment and supplies and to incur all other reasonable and necessary
expenses and obligations in connection with and required for the
proper carrying out of the provisions of this Act.

6. To investigate and cause prosecution to be instituted for
violations of the provisions of this Act.

Section 16. That any person who shall violate or aid in the
violation of any of the provisions of this Act, upon conviction thereof
shall be punished by a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars
or imprisonment for a period not to exceed ninety days, or by both
such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court, and all
fines collected for violation of this Act shall be paid into the Tan-
gerine Advertising Fund.

Section 16 A. All money levied and collected under this Act
over and above the necessary administrative expense as provided for
in this Act shall be spent exclusively for the advertising of tan-
gerines as herein provided. Provided further that in cases where
tangerines are advertised jointly with grapefruit, oranges, or both
such grapefruit and oranges, the tangerine advertising fund shall
only bear its pro rata share of such joint advertising.

Section 17. That this Act shall b, liberally construed, and if
any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid, the
validity of the remainder of thi5 Act and or the applicability thereof
to any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected thereby.
and it is the intention of the Legislature to preserve any and all
parts of said Act if possible.

Section 18. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8, 1935.









The Field Crate Registration Law

Chapter No. 16859

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT to protect the owners of registered field boxes, crates,
receptacles or containers used in the production, harvesting,
transportation and selling of fruits and vegetables and their by-
products; to provide for the registration of brands thereof, and
defining certain offenses and remedies in connection with the
unauthorized and unlawful possession and use thereof; to provide
against the obliteration, defacing, removing or changing of such
registered brands; to provide and define the legal use of pos-
session of such branded and registered field boxes, crates, con-
tainers or receptacles, and prescribing penalties for the viola-
tion of the provisions hereof.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. Any person, firm or corporation being the owner
of field boxes, crates, containers or receptacles used in the general
production, harvesting, packing, transportation or marketing of
fluids or vegetables or their by-products in the State of Florida
may adopt for their exclusive use and ownership a particular mark
or brand to designate and distinguish their ownership thereto and
nmay identify their field boxes, crates, containers or receptacles so
used with such mark or brand in the form of such combinations,
initials, symbols, designs or names as they desire, by plainly and
distinctly stamping, stenciling, painting, cutting, etching or burning
the same into or onto both ends or sides of such field boxes, crates,
receptacles or containers, and the presence of such identifying mark
or brand on any field box, crate, container, or receptacle, whenever
a copy or description thereof shall have been filed and recorded in
the office of the Secretary of State as hereinafter provided for
shall, in any Court and in any proceedings in this State be prima
facie evidence of the ownership of such boxes, crates, containers or
receptacles by the person, firm or corporation in whose name such
mark or brand may have been recorded, provided that such mark or
brand shall have been recorded with such said Secretary of State a;
hereinafter provided and shall bear the registered number herein-
after provided for.

Section 2. Any person, firm or corporation desiring to avail
himself of the benefits of this Act may make application to the
Secretary of State, and shall file with such Secretary a true copy










and description of such identifying mark or brand, which, if entitled
thereto under the provisions of this Act, shall be filed and recorded
by such Secretary of State in a book to be provided and kept by
him for that purpose, and the name of the owner of such brand or
mark shall be likewise entered into such record, and such Secretary
shall then assign or designate a permanent registered number to
the owner of such brand or mark; said number to be assigned pro-
gressively as marks and brands are received and recorded and the
registered number so assigned shall then become a part of the regis-
tered brand or mark a'nd snall plainly and distinctly be made to
appear on such field boxes, crates, receptacles and containers, to-
gether with the identifying mark or brand referred to in Section
One hereof. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Sthte to de-
termine if such brand or mark so applied for is not a duplication of
any brand or mark previously recorded by him, or does not so
closely resemble the same as to be misleading or deceiving. If the
brand or mark applied for does so resemble or is such a duplication
of previously recorded brands or marks a's to be misleading or de-
ceiving, the application shall be denied and the applicant may file
some other brand or mark in the manner described above.

Section 3. Such application for filing and recording shall be
accompanied by a fee of Two Dollars ($2.00) and thereupon, if con-
sistent with the provisions of the preceding section, the Secretary
of State shall issue to the person, firm or corporation applying for
registration and recordation of such mark or brand a certificate of
such recordation and of the registered number assigned thereto and
thereafter he shall issue such certificates, in any number, to any
person applying therefore, upon the payment of a fee of One Dollar
(S1.00), for each and every certificate so issued, and such certifi-
cate shall, in all proceedings in ail of the Courts of this State, be
taken and held as proof of the adoption and recordation of such
identifying mark or brand.

Section 4. The owner of any such registered mark or brand
may transfer, release or sell the same by an instrument in writing
evidencing such transfer, release or sale, and upon application to
the Secretary of State where such mark or brand is registered for
the recordation of such instrument in writing, and upon the filing
of the same with such Secretary and the payment of a fee of Two
Dollars ($2.00) the Secretary shall cause such instrument or trans-
fer, release or sale to be placed on record in a book provided and
kept by him for that purpose, and certificates of such transfer, upon
application therefore, shall be issued by him in like manner, upon the
payment of like fees, as provided for the issuance of certificates
under the provisions of Section Three of this Act.









Section 5. Any person, or persons who shall have in his or
their unauthorized possession any field box, crate, receptacle or
container marked or branded with mark or brand registered under
the provisions of this Act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less
than twenty-five dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or by
imprisonment for not less than thirty days nor more than one year,
or by both such fine and imprisonment, and the possession by any
person or persons of any field box, crate, container or receptacle so
marked or branded, in the absence of written authority therefore,
shall be prima facie evidence of the violation of the provisions of
this section; provided that the owner of such recorded or registered
mark or brand may, in writing, authorize and designate any person
or persons to use or have in their possession any such field boxes,
crates, containers or receptables.

Section 6. If any person or persons shall alter, change, remove
or obliterate the registered mark or brand on any field box, crate,
container or receptacle other than his or their own or shall cause
or procure the same to be done, with intent to claim the same or
to prevent identification thereof by the true owner, or to use or to
have in his, or their possession, any such field box, crate, contain:
or receptacle on which the registered mark or brand has been altered,
changed, removed or obliterated, such person, or persons shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall
be punished as provided for in Section Five of this Act.

Section 7. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to
receive or to purchase any field box, crate, container, or receptacle
marked or branded with registered mark or brand as herein provided,
from any person other than the registered owner thereof or his duly
authorized agent, and proof of such receipt or purchase shall be
prima facie evidence in any court of this State that such receiver
or purchaser received or purchased the same with knowledge that
it was stolen or embezzled property, and upon conviction thereof,
shall be punished as is now or may hereafter be provided by law
for receiving stolen or embezzled property.

Section 8. The refusal of any person in possession thereof to
deliver any field box, crate, container or receptacle so marked or
branded and registered as herein provided, to the registered owner
of the same or his duly authorized agent, upon the demand of such
registered owner or authorized agent, when said demand is accom-
panied with a display of the certificate of recordation and number
of the same, as furnished to the registered owner by the Secretary
of State, shall be prima facie evidence in any court of this State
of a fraudulent intent to convert said field box, crate, container or

48








receptacle to the use of the person or persons, so in possession of
the same, and to deprive the registered owner thereof, and any
person or persons convicted of the violation of the provisions of this
Section shall be subject to the penalty as provided in Section Five
hereof.

Section 9. Any person or persons who shall take or send out
of the State of Florida, or cause to be taken or sent out of the State
of Florida, any field box, crate, container or receptacle so registered
or branded as herein provided without the permission of the owner
thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall
be punished by a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars
($500.00) or by imprisonment for not more than one year or by
both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court.

Section 10. The provisions of this Act shall not be construed to
apply when fruits, vegetables, or their by-products, are wrapped or
packed in such accepted or prescribed standard containers, as are
prescribed and designated by the Bureau of Standards, United States
Department of Agriculture, and are used only as receptacles or
containers for fruits, vegetables, or their by-products when offered
for transportation or sale only.

Section 11. The provisions of this Act shall be cumulative to
all other provisions of law on the subject and in the event that any
part of this Act is declared unconstitutional the validity of the re-
maining portions of this Act shall not be affected.

Section 12. This act shall take effect ten days after it becomes
a law.

Approved May 21, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State May 22, 1935.











Grower's Cost Guarantee Law


Chapter No. 16862

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT relating to citrus fruit: Prescribing conditions and limita-
tions upon the sale, marketing and processing thereof, and the
effect of contracts of sale and of marketing and processing agree-
ments.

WHEREAS, it is found by the Legislature and hereby declared
that the production and distribution of citrus fruit is a paramount
industry in Florida upon which the prosperity of the State in a
large measure depends; that such fruit and the juices thereof have
become and a'e generally used in great and rapidly increasing quan-
tities, both voluntarily and upon advice of physicians, by people
cf all classes, apes and conditions; that it is necessary for the rea-
scnlble comfort, welfare, and health of the people and in order to
build up their strength and vigor that an adequate and dependable
supply of high grade citrus fruit be constantly available, and the
production, transportation, processing, distribution and sale of citrus
fruit in the Slate of Florida is therefore hereby declared to be a
business affecting the public health and interest, that unfair, un-
just, destructive, demoralizing, and uneconomic trade practices have
been and are continuing to be carried on in the sale and distribution
of citrus fruit in this state to the extent that such fruit has been
cnd is continuing to sell in many cases at prices below he cost of
production and the constant, dependable and adequate supply of such
fruit for sale and consumption is thereby so seriously imperiled as
to threaten the break down of the industry; that the present acute
economic condition in Florida is in part the consequence of a severe
and increasing disparity between the prices of citrus fruit and other
commodities; that it is both expedient and necessary to build up
the quality and reputation of Florida's citrus fruit in the market
and to stabilize the Florida citrus industry and to protect the public
and the growers against fraud, deception, and financial loss through
further continuation of unscrupulous practices and haphazard meth-
ods in connection with the marketing of citrus fruits, and to that
end, to assure the grower returns at least equal to the cost of pro-
duction of high grade citrus fruit.
THEREFORE, in the exercise of the police power of the State,
for the purpose of protecting and promoting the public health and
general welfare,










Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. This Act shall be known and called the Growers
Cost Guarantee Act.

Section 2. The te-m "Citrus Fruit" as used herein means and
includes only the fruits Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called
grapefruit, and Citrus Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges,
and Citrus Nobilis Deliciosa, commonly called tangerines, grown in
the State of Florida.

The term "standard packed box" means 1-3/5 bushels whether
in bulk or in a container.

Section 3. The Commissioner of Agriculture in his discretion
and by and with the consent and advice of the Governor shall have
the power to declare the existence of a State Emergency in the
Citrus Indu:try, and upon petition or petitions signed by persons,
firms, corporations, or associations, owning or controlling 50'/ or
mole of the producing acreage of citrus fruit, requesting such ac-
tion, being filed with the Citrus Commission, such percentage to
be based upon the survey heretofore made by the Federal Emer-
gency Relief Administration and suplemented by such further sur-
veys as the Citrus Commission from time to time may make, and
after the Citrus Commission shall have procured from the producers
shippers, or ha-ndlcrs of citrus fruit, not subject to the provisions
of this Act, binding agreements to conform thereto and abide by
its terms, the Florida Citrus Commission shall determine and record
in permanent form annually the average reasonable cost per standard
packed box of producing citrus fruit and every contract, agreement,
plan or arrangement with the grower by or under which his citrus
fruit shall be bought, marketed, or processed shall be held to require
that the person, firm, corporation, or association buying, marketing
or processing said citrus fruit shall in any event pay the grower
said cost of production, to be ascertained by multiplying the said
cost per standard packed box as shown by the record of the Com-
mission current at the time the contract, agreement, plan of arrange-
ment with the grower shall be made, by the number of packed boxes
so bought, marketed and processed during the season or under the
particular contract, agreement, plan or arrangement if for less than
a marketing season. Any contract, plan, scheme or device whereby
it shall be attempted to preclude the grower frqm recovering such
cost of production shall to that extent be held to be unlawful and
,grcinst the public policy of his State, but in all other respects and
particulars contracts of sale, marketing and processing shall be
valid and binding and the terms thereof shall measure the rights
of the respective parties.









Section 4. The provisions of this Act shall apply to any one
or more of the citrus varieties embraced hereunder as may be de-
termined by the petitions and agreements provided for in the fore-
going section.

Section 5. This Act shall become effective immediately upon
becoming a law.

Approved June 8, 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8, 1935.










The Color-Added Law

Chapter 16861
Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT to provide for, and control, the artificial coloring of certain
citrus fruits, and fixing penalties for the violation thereof.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. Definitions as used in this Act:
(a) The term "citrus fruit" means and includes only the fruits
Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit, and Citrus
Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges, and Citrus Nobilis Deli-
ciosa, commonly called tangerines, or any of them, grown in the
State of Florida.
(b) The term "person" means and includes individual, part-
nership, corporation, association or any other business unit.
(c) "Coloring matter" means and includes any dye-containing
liquid or concentrate used or intended to be used for the purpose of
enhancing the color of citrus fruit by the addition of artificial color
to the peel thereof.
(d) "Commissioner" shall mean the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture of the State of Florida.
(e) "Commission" shall mean the State Citrus Commission
created and designated as "Florida Citrus Commission."
(f) "Standard packed box" shall mean 1-3/5 bushels of citrus
fruit, whether in bulk or containers.
(g) "Manufacturers" means and includes any person who shall
manufacture or sell, or offer for sale, or license or offer to license
for use, any coloring matter.
Section 2. It shall be unlawful for any manufacturer to use
or include, in the manufacture of any coloring matter, any dye or
color other than one that has been duly certified, by the United
States Department of Agriculture, as harmless and suitable for use
in foods: Provided, That in the case of a dye or color for which
certification is pending, the Commissioner shall issue a temporary
permit allowing the use of such dye or color, pending such certifi-
cation, when upon analysis thereof, made pursuant to regulations
promulgated by the Commission as hereinafter authorized, the said
53











dye or color shall have been found to contain no amount of antimony,
arsenic, barium, lead, copper, mercury, or zinc, or other heavy
metals, or other substances known to be injurious to health, in excess
of amounts thereof permitted in certified food colors by regulations
of lh' United States Department of Agriculture; and Provided,
further, that the cost of such analysis shall be paid by the manu-
facturer desiring to use such color.

Section 3. Every manufacturer, before selling or offering for
sale, or licensing or offering to license for use, any coloring matter,
shall furnish the Commissioner with the complete formula followed
in the manufacture of such coloring matter, (including, in event of
the use of a non-certified dye under the provisions of Section 2
hereof, the formula for such dye) together with a sample of such
coloring matter in such amount as the Commissioner may direct.
The Commissioner shall cause the said formula to be examined, and
the said sample to be analyzed, and if there shall be found in either
any ingredient prohibited under Section 2 hereof, or any other in-
gredient known to be dangerous to health under the conditions of
its use, or if the said coloring matter shall vary in any material or
substantial degree from the formula so furnished, then such coloring
matter shall not be used on citrus fruits, and the manufacturer shall
be denied the license hereinafter reqiured. If such coloring matter
is found suitable for use in food under the provisions of this and
Section 2 hereof, then the coloring matter shall be authorized for
use on citrus fruits, and the manufacturer shall be licensed as here-
inafter provided. Thereafter the Commissioner shall, from time to
time, cause samples of coloring matter to be taken at the manu,
facturer's place of business, and shall cause the same to be analyze'
and if the said coloring matter shall be found to contain any ingre-
dient herein prohibited, or if it varies in any material or substantial
degree from the formula therefore as filed with the Commissioner
then such coloring matter shall not be used on citrus fruit, and the
manufacturer thereof shall be subjected to the penalties of this Act;
Provided, however, that the formula so filed with the Commissioner
shall be held as confidential and shall only be divulged to the Com-
missioner or his duly authorized representative or upon orders of a
court of competent juristion when necessary in the enforcement of
this Act.

Section 4. That before offering any such coloring matter for
sale or use the manufacturer therof shall first procure from the
Commissioner a license to manufacture and sell or license the use
of the same, and shall at the same time execute and deliver to the
Commissioner a cash bond or surety bond executed by such manu-
facturer as principal and by a surety company qualified and author-








ized to do business in this State, as surety, in the amount of $5,-
000.00. Said bond shall be in the form approved by the Commis-
sioner and shall be conditioned to guarantee that such coloring mat-
ter is free from any matter or ingredient that is hurtful to the
quality of such citrus fruit and is free from any ingredient that is
in any way injurious to health. Said bond shall be to the Governor
of the State of Florida and his successors in office and the aggre-
gate accumulated liability under any such bond shall not exceed the
amount named therein. Any person claiming to be injured by a
breach of any of the conditions of said bond, may maintain an
action on the same against the principal and surety named in said
bond, or either of them, and any judgment against the principal and
u'ety, or either of them, in any such action, shall include costs.

Section 5. It shall be unlawful for any person to treat any
citrus fruit with, or apply thereto, any coloring matter which ha.,
not first received the approval of the Commissioner as herein pro-
vided.

Section 6. That it shall be unlawful for any person to use on
citrus fruits or apply thereto any coloring matter unless such fruit
passes the requirements of the state maturity test, and in addition
thereto, oranges shall pass the roeiowing minimum requirements for
total soluble solids in the juice and for ratio of total soluble solids
to anhydrous citric acid:

(a) Where the total soluble solids in the juice is not less than
9 percent as determined by reading Brix Hydrometer, corrected for
temperature, then the ratio of total soluble solids to anhydrous citric
acid shall be not less than 8 parts of total soluble solids to 1 part
of anhydrous citric acid;

(b) When total soluble solids, so determined, is not less than
82 percent, then such ratio shall be not less than 81/2 parts total
.oluble solids to 1 part of anhydrous citris acid;

(c) When the total soluble solids, so determined, is not less
than 8 percent, then such ratio shall be not less than 9 parts of
total soluble solids to 1 part of anhydrous citric acid:

(d) When total soluble solids, so determined, is not less than
7/2 percent, then such ratio shall be not less than 91/ parts of total
soluble solids to 1 part of anhydrous citric acid;

(e) Where the juice shows a ratio of 10 or more parts of total
soluble solids to 1 part of anhydrous citric acid, then no minimum
solids content shall be required; and the juice content of oranges
shall be at least four and one-half gallons to each standard packed
box, the juice to be extracted by hand, without mechanical pressure.









Section 7. That the Commission shall have power to pass, make
and promulgate all needful rules and regulations for the proper en-
forcement and carrying out of this Act, and such rules or regula-
tions, not inconsistent herewith, shall have the force and effect of
law.

Section 8. That the enforcement of this Act and all of the
rules and regulations promulgated by the Commissioner shall be
under the direction, supervision and control of the Commissioner.

Section 9. That the said Commissioner is hereby authorized
and empowered to enter upon and inspect personally, or through his
authorized inspectors or agents, any place within the State of
Florida where citrus fruit is being prepared or colored under the
provisions of this Act, and to inspect any citrus fruit found therein,
and shall issue certificates in the form prescribed by him that such
citrus fruit complies with the provisions hereof.

Section 10. That all citrus fruit treated with coloring matter,
as provided herein, shall be assessed at the rate of not to exceed
one-half cent for each standard packed box, as determined by the
Commission. The moneys raised from such assessment shall be paid
to the Commissioner by the person applying coloring matter to such
citrus fruit and shall be credited to and paid into the General In-
spection Fund to be used for the purpose of defraying the expenses
of the administration and enforcement of this Act. All such assess-
ments shall be due when citrus fruit is colored and the payment
thereof shall be evidenced by suitable stamps in the form prescribed
by the Commissioner, which stamps shall be attached to the certifi-
cate provided for in Section 9 of this Act.

Section 11. That it shall be unlawful for any person to ship,
sell, or offer for sale any citrus fruit which has been treated with
coloring matter, unless all of the provisions of this Act, in regard
to such citrus fruit, shall have been previously complied with.

Section 12. Any person who violates any of the provisions of
this Act, or any of the rules or regulations promulgated by the Com-
mision in pursuance hereof and not inconsistent herewith, shall,
upon conviction, be fined not to exceed One Thousand Dollars,
($1,000.00) or be imprisoned for not to exceed one year, or shall
suffer both such fine and Imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Section 13. That this Act shall be liberal construed, and if
any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid, the
validity of the remainder of this Act, or the applicability thereof to
any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected thereby, and
56










it is the intention of the Legislature to preserve any and all parts
of sL id Act if possible.

Section 14. All Acts in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.

Section 15. That this Act shall take effect upon its approval
by the Governor, or otherwise becoming a law.

Approved May 9, 1935.

Filed in office Secretary of State May 9, 1935.











Enforcement of Color Added
Regulations

All manufacturers of dye emulsions for use in the coloring of
oranges are required by law to register their formula with the Com-
missioner of Agriculture and submit samples for analysis. These
samples are analyzed at the Winter Haven Laboratory to see that
they contain no poisonous ingredients, and no coloring matters ex-
cept those permitted under the Federal Food and Drugs Act.
From time to time samples of dye concentrates and diluted
dye emulsions from the coloring tanks at packing houses in various
parts of the State are drawn for analysis and chemical examina-
tions to see that no formula other than those registered and for
which permits have been issued are used. This work is done at the
Winter Haven Laboratory.

Summary of Fruit Color Added
In the record of shipments the packing houses which are indi-
cated by were equipped for applying artificial color to citrus. A
considerable number of other shippers not having such equipment
had at least a portion of their oranges colored in these houses.
A total of 9,568,848 boxes of oranges and 1,868 boxes of tan-
gerines were color-added by all shippers between the dates of Sep-
tember 11, 1935, and May 31, 1936.
The following firms have qualified and have been issued license
under this Act to manufacture and sell color for use in coloring
citrus fruit:
Citrus Color & Supply Company Lake Wales
Food Machinery Corporation Dunedin
Mutual Fruit Distributors, Inc. Orlando
Orange Belt Fruit Company Eustis
B. C. Skinner Dunedin
Zellner Chemical & Supply Compa-.y Lakeland

Enforcement of Arsenical Spray Law
Considerable analytical work was done at the Winter Haven
Laboratory in connection with this work. Inspection was confined
this season to oranges and tangerines, owing to the legal injunction
by Judge Petteway against the enforcement of this law in the case
of grapefruit.
Inspectors were equipped with apparatus and materials for field
inspection and all samples showing traces of arsenic in the field
were sent to the Laboratory for quantitative analysis.











Bond and License Law


Chapter 16860

Laws of Florida-Acts of 1935

AN ACT Relating to the Purchase, Handling. Sale and Accounting
of Sales of Citrus Fruit Grown in the State of Florida; to Pre-
vent Fraud and Deception Therein; to Provide for the Licensing
and bonding of Citrus Fruit Dealers; to prescribe Certain Powers
and Duties of the Commissioner of Agriculture of the State of
Florida in the Administration and Enforcement of This Act;
and to Prescribe Penalties for the Violations of the Provisions of
This Act.

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:

Section 1. That as used in this Act:
(a) The term "person" means and includes individuals, firm,
partnership, association, corporation, and any other business unit.
(b) The term "citrus fruit" means and includes only the fruit"
Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit, and/or Citrus
Cinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges, and/or Citrus Nobilis
Deliciosa, commonly called tangerines, grown in the State of Florida.
(c) The term "producer" means and includes any person en-
gaged in the business of growing and/or producing citrus fruit.
(d) The term "consignor" means and includes any person other
than a producer who ships or delivers to any commission merchant
or dealer, any citrus fruit for handling, sale or resale.
(e) The term "commission merchant" means and includes any
person engaged in the business of receiving any citrus fruit for sale,
on commission, or for or on behalf of another.
(f) The term "consignment shipper" means and includes any
person who contracts with the producer of citrus fruit for the mar-
keting thereof for the sole account and risk of such producer and
who agrees to pay such producer the net proceeds derived from
such sale.

(g) The term "cash buyer" means and includes any person who
purchases any citrus fruit in Florida from the producer thereof for
the purpose of resale.










(h) The term "broker" means and includes any person engaged
in the business of negotiating the sale or purchase of any citrus fruit.

(i) The term "agent" means and includes any person, who on
behalf of any citrus fruit dealer, negotiates the consignment or
purchase of any citrus fruit.

(j) The term "dealer" means and includes every person other
than a producer, consignor, commission merchant, consignment ship-
per, cash buyer, broker, or agent who in any manner makes or
attempts to make money or any other thing of value on any citrus
fruit by dealing in the same in any manner whatsoever.

(k) The term "citrus fruit dealer" means and includes every
consignor, commission merchant, consignment shipper, cash buyer,
broker, agent, association, cooperative association, and dealer, as
hereinabove defined.

(1) The term "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of
Agriculture of the State of Florida.

(m) The term "standard packed box" means one and three-
fifths (1-3/5) bushels of citrus fruit whether in bulk or in container.

Section 2. That no person shall act as a citrus fruit dealer
without having obtained a license as provided in this Act. That
any person desiring to engage in the business of citrus fruit dealer
in the State of Florida shall make application to the Commissioner
for a license. The Commissioner may by regulation prescribe the
information to be contained in such application. Upon the filing
of the application, and annually thereafter, the applicant shall pay
to the Commissioner a fee of Ten Dollars except that where any
applicants expects to deal only as an agent, as defined herein, such ap-
plicant shall pay the sum of Five Dollars. All such license fees col-
lected hereunder shall be paid by the Commissioner into the State
Treasury monthly to the credit of the General Inspection Fund. Said
fees shall be kept in said General Inspection Fund and are hereby
appropriated and made available for defraying the expenses incurred
in the administration and enforcement of this Act.

In cases where a sale of citrus fruit is made direct to a pur-
chaser for cash paid at the time of sale, no license shall be required,
but any agent of the commissioner shall, if the citrus fruit has been
properly inspected, graded and labelled as required by law, issue
a certificate to the purchaser reciting that the fruit has been in-
spected and all requirements of law complied with and that the
fruit has been paid for, and such certificate shall be accepted in lieu
of a license by all agents and employees of the Commissioner. No
fee shall be charged for such certificate.









Section 3. That before any license is granted by the Commis-
sioner, the applicant therefore must deliver to the Commissioner a
good and sufficient cash bond or surety bond executed by the appli-
cant as principal and by a surety company qualified and authorized
to do business in this State as surety, in the amount of Ten Dollars
for each one thousand standard packed boxes of citrus fruit that the
said applicant intends to deal with during the next twelve months,
as set forth in his application, up to and including five hundred thou-
sand standard packed boxes of citrus fruit; provided, however, that
no bond shall be less than One Hundred Dollars in amount nor
greater than Five Thousand Dollars in Amount. Said bond shall be
in the form approved by the Commissioner and shall be conditioned
upon compliance with the provisions of this Act and upon faithful
compliance with the conditions of all contracts, verbal or written,
made by the citrus fruit dealer with producers and/or any person
contracting with the citrus fruit dealer relative to the purchase
handling, sale and accounting of sales of citrus fruit and upon
applicant accounting for the proceeds of any citrus fruit contracted
for in accordance with the terms of the contracts with producers.
Said bond shall be to the Governor of the State of Florida and his
successors in office, in favor of every person with whom applicant
deals in the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of
citrus fruit. The aggregate accumulated liability under any such
bonds shall not exceed the amount named therein. Every such bond
shall continue in force and effect until notice of the termination
thereof is given by registered mail to the Commissioner, and every
such bond shall set forth such fact. Any person or producer claim-
ing to be injured or damaged by any act of said citrus fruit dealer,
or the Commissioner on behalf of all producers and/or persons con-
tracting with the said citrus fruit dealer, may maintain an action
on said bond against the citrus fruit dealer and the surety named
in said bond, or either of them, and any judgment against the citrus
fruit dealer and/or surety in any such action shall include costs.
No bond shall be required of any purchaser who pays cash for the
fruit which he buys at the time of sale.

Section 4. That it shall be unlawful in, or in connection with,
any transaction relative to the purchase, handling, sale and ac-
counting of sales of citrus fruit:

1. For any citrus fruit dealer to make or exact any fraudulent
charge to and/or from any person.

2. For any citrus fruit dealer to reject or fail to deliver in
accordance with the terms of the contract without reasonable cause
any citrus fruit bought or sold or contracted to be bought or sold
by such citrus fruit dealer.










3. For any citrus fruit dealer to discard, dump or destroy
without reasonable cause any citrus fruit received by such citrus
fruit dealer.

4. For any citrus fruit dealer to make, for a fraudulent pur-
pose, any false or misleading statement concerning the condition,
quality, quantity, or disposition of, or the condition of the market
for, any citrus fruit which is received by such citrus fruit dealer
or bought or sold or contracted to be bought or sold by such citrus
fruit dealer; or the purchaser or sale of which is negotiated by
such citrus fruit dealer; or to fail or refuse truly and correctly to
account promptly in respect of any such transaction in any such
citrus fruit to the person with whom such transaction is had.

Section 5. Whenever an applicant has paid the prescribed fee,
the Commissioner shall issue to such applicant a license which shall
entitle the licensee to do business as a citrus fruit dealer unless
and until it is suspended or revoked by the Commissioner in accord-
t'ncc with the provisions of this Act but said license shall auto-
matically terminate unless the annual fee is paid within thirty days
after notice has been mailed that payment is due.

Section 6. That if any citrus fruit dealer violates any provis-
ions of this Act he shall be liable to the person or persons injured
thereby for the full amount of damages sustained in consequence
of such violation. Such liability may be enforced either (1) by
complaint to the Commissioner, as hereinafter provided, or (2)
by suit in any Court of competent jurisdiction; but this Section
shall not in any way abridge or alter the remedies now existing
at common law or by statute, and the provisions of this Act are
in addition to such remedies.

Section 7. That any person complaining of any violation of any
provisions of this Act by any citrus fruit dealer may at any time
within nine months after the cause of action accrues apply to the
Commissioner by petition, which shall briefly state the facts, where-
upon, if in the opinion of the Commissioner the facts therein con-
tained warrant such action, a copy of the complaint thus made shall
be forwarded by the Commissioner to the citrus fruit dealer, who
shall be called upon to satisfy the complaint or to answer it in
writing within a reasonable time to be prescribed by the Commis-
sioner. After an opportunity for hearing on a complaint the Com-
missioner shall determine whether or not the citrus fruit dealer has
violated any provision of this Act. If after hearing on a com-
plaint made by any person under this Section the Commissioner
determines that the citrus fruit dealer has violated any provision
of this Act, he shall, unless the offender has already made repar-










tion to the person complaining, determine the amount of damage,
if any, to which such person is entitled as a result of such violation
and shall make an order directing the offender to pay to suc'
person complaining such amount on or before the date fixed in the
crder. If any citrus fruit dealer does not comply with an order
for the payment of money within the time limited in such order,
the complainant, or any person for whose benefit such order was
made, may, within one year from the date of the order file in any
Court of competent jurisdiction a petition or declaration, setting
forth briefly the causes for which he claims damages and the order
of the Commissioner in the premises. Such suit in such Court shall
proceed in all respects like ot.er civil suits for damages, except
that the findings and order of the Commissioner shall be prima facie
evidence of the facts therein stated, and the petitioner or plaintiff
shall not be liable for costs in such Court nor for costs in any
subsequent state of the proceedings unless they accrue upon his
appeal. If the petitioner or plaintiff finally prevails he shall be
allowed a reasonable attorney's fee to be taxed and collected as a
part of the costs of the suit.

Section 8. That whenever the Commissioner determines that
any citrus fruit dealer has violated any of the provisions of this Act
or has violated any of the provisions of any otncr law of the SLate
of Florida governing and applicable to citrus fruit dealers as herein
defined, he may publish the facts and circumstances of such viola-
tion and/or, by order, suspend the license of such offender for a
specific period, or revoke the same or make such other appropriate
order as he may deem just and proper, and any such order snail
specify the effective date thereof and any order other than one sus-
pending or revoking a license shall automatically suspend such license
until said order is complied with. That any action of the Commis-
sioner with reference to the revocation or suspension of any license
granted under the provisions of this Act may be reviewed by any
Court of competent jurisdiction.

Section 9. That every citrus fruit dealer shall make and keep a
correct record showing in detail the following with reference to
the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of citrus fruit
handled by him, namely:

(a) The name and address of the producers.

(b) The date citrus fruit is received and the amount thereof,
and the purchase price paid therefore if purchased for the purpose
of resale.

(c) The condition of such citrus fruit upon receipt by the citrus
fruit dealer.









(d) If the citrus fruit is handled on consignment for the ac-
count of the producer, the date of sale and the selling price.

(e) An itemized statement of the charges' to be paid by the
producer in connection with any sale.

(f) A detailed statement of all claims made by producers
against the citrus fruit dealer, a copy of each when received to be
certified to and filed with the Commissioner.

(g) A copy of the record and account of sales of citrus fruit
handled on consignment and/or commission shall be delivered to
the producer upon the consummation of the sale, together with all
moneys received by the citrus fruit dealer in payment for such
transaction made upon account of the producer, less the agreed
commission and other charges which must be separately itemized,
and said payment and accounting must be made by said citrus fruit
dealer to the producer within fifteen days after said citrus fruit
dealer received the money in payment of said citrus fruit unless
otherwise specified in contract between citrus fruit dealers and
grower.

Section 10. That in the investigation of complaints under this
Act the Commissioner, or his duly authorized agents, shall have the
right to inspect such accounts, records and memoranda of any citrus
fruit dealer as may be required for the determination of any such
complaint. If any such citrus fruit dealer refuses to permit such
inspection, the Commissioner may publish the facts and circum-
stances and/or by order suspend the license of the offender until
permission to make such inspection is given.

Section 11. That the Commissioner, or any officer or employee
designated by him for such purpose, may hold hearings, sign and
issue subpoenas, administer oaths, examine witnesses, receive evi-
dence and require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of
witnesses and the production of such accounts, records and mem-
oranda as may be material for the determination of any complaint
under this Act. In case of disobedience to a subpoena the Com-
missioner, or any of his officers or employees, may invoke the aid
of any Court of competent jurisdiction in requiring the attendance
and testimony of witnesses and the production of accounts, records
and memoranda, and any such Court may, in case of contumacy
or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to any person, issue an order
requiring the person to appear before the Commissioner, or his
officer or employee, or to produce accounts, records and memor-
anda as so ordered, or to give evidence touching any matter perti-
nent to any complaint, and any failure to obey such order of the
Court shall be punished by the Court as a contempt thereof.










Section 12. That the Commissioner may make such rules, regu-
lations and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions
of this Act and may cooperate with any department or agency of
the United States Government.

Section 13. That any person who acts as a citrus fruit dealer
as defined in this Act without a license, or, having a license, vio-
lates or aids in the violation of any provision of this Act, or any
person who represents himself as a citrus fruit dealer but who is
not a citrus fruit dealer as defined in this Act, shall for each a'nd
every offense be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction there-
of shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1000 or by im-
prisonment in the county jail for not more than six months or by
both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court.
Civil suits and criminal prosecutions arising by virtue of any of the
provisions of this Act may be instituted in the county where the
said citrus fruit was received by the citrus fruit dealer, or in the
county in which the principal place of business of such citrus fruit
dealer is located within the State of Florida, or within the county
in which the violation of this Act occurred, or if such violation
occurs in more than one county, then within any county in which
such violation of this Act occurred.

Section 14. That it shall be the duty of each state and/or
county law enforcement officer to make arrests for violations of
this Act when notified of such violation by the Commissioner of
Agriculture, or his authorized agent, inspector or representative.

Section 15. That this Act shall be liberally construed, and if
any part or portion thereof be declared invalid, or the application
thereof to any person, circumstance or thing is declared invalid, the
validity of the remainder of this Act and/or the applicability there-
of to any person, circumstance or thing shall not be affected thereby
and it is the intention of the Legislature to preserve any and all
parts of said Act if possible.

Section 16. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict herewith
be and the same are hereby repealed.

Section 17. That this Act shall take effect immediately upon
its passage and approval by the Governor, or upon becoming a law
without such approval.
Approved June 8. 1935.

Filed in Office Secretary of State June 8. 1935.











RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE
CITRUS LICENSING AND BONDING LAW. CHAPTER 16860,
LAWS OF FLORIDA, ACTS OF 1935.

No. 1. DEFINITIONS:

(a) The term "person," means and includes individuals, firm,
partnership, association, corporation, and any other business unit.

(b) The term "citrus fruit" means and includes only the fruits
Citrus Grandis, Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit, and/or Citrus
Sinensis, Osbeck, commonly called oranges and/or Citrus Nobilis
Deliicioso, commonly called tangerines, grown in the State of Florida.

(c) The term "producer" means and includes any person en-
gaged in the business of growing and/or producing citrus fruit.

(d) The term "consignor" means and includes any person other
than a producer who ships or delivers to any commission merchant
or dealer, any citrus fruit for handling, sale or resale.

(e) The term "commission merchant" means and includes any
person engaged in the business of receiving any citrus fruit for
sale, on commission, or for or on behalf of another.

(f) The term "consignment shipper" means and includes any
person who contracts with the producer of citrus fruit for the mar-
keting thereof for the sole account and risk of such producer and
who agrees to pay such producer the net proceeds derived from
such sale.

(g) The term "cash buyer" means and includes any person
who purchases any citrus fruit in Florida from the producer thereof
for the purpose of resale.

(h) The term "broker" means and includes any person en-
gaged in the business of negotiating the sale or purchase of any
citrus fruit.

(i) The term "agent" means and includes any person, who or
behalf of any citrus fruit dealer, negotiates the consignment or pur-
chase of any citrus fruit.

(j) The term "dealer" means and includes every person other
than a producer, consignor, commission merchant, consignment
shipper, cash buyer, broker, or agent who in any manner makes or
attempts to make money or any other thing of value on any citrus
fruit by dealing in the same in any manner whatsoever.

(k) The term citrusg fruit dealer" means and includes every
consignor, commission merchant, consignment shipper, cash buyer,
66










broker, agent, association, cooperative association, and dealer, as
hereinabove defined.

(1) The term "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Ag-
riculture of the State of Florida.

(m) The term "standard packed box" means one and three-
fifths (1-3/5) bushels of citrus fruit whether in bulk or in con-
tainer.

No. 2. WHO AUTHORIZED TO DO BUSINESS UNDER
LICENSE:

(a) All officers and employees of a corporation or association,
the names of whom have been submitted to the Commissioner with
application for license as being the persons for whose acts the
licensee is responsible, shall be eligible to do business under a
license issued to a corporation or association.


FORM OF APPLICATION FOR LICENSE

D ate........................
Hon. Nathan Mayo,
Commissioner of Agriculture,
Winter Haven, Florida.

Sir:

I hereby make application for license as Citrus Fruit Dealer as
required in Chapter 16860, Laws of Floirda, Acts of 1935.
Name or firm, or person........................................
L location ........................................................
Mail address ...................................................
The kind of business I expect to engage in.......................

(Consignor, Commission Merchant, Consignment Shipper,
Cash Buyer, Broker, Agent, Association, Cooperative As-
sociation, or Dealer)
Estimated number of boxes of Citrus Fruit I expect to deal in
during the next twelve months..................................
Amount of Bond delivered with this application $ ............
Name of Bonding Company.....................................
(Bonding Company must be qualified and authorized to
do business in the State of Florida)
I enclose check for $........... ($10.00 for Citrus Fruit Dealer-
$5.00 for Agent)
The following officers of the Company, Corporation, Firm, or









Partnership, desire to transact business under this license and bond.

N am e .......................... Title ..........................
N am e .......................... Title ..........................
N am e .......................... Title ..........................
N am e .......................... Title ..........................
N am e .......................... T itle ..........................

Signed...............................



(Note: Bonds must be to the Governor of Florida and his suc-
cessors in office, in favor of every person with whom applicant
deals in the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of
citrus fruit.)
(Cash bond may be furnished in lieu fo Surety Bond.)

No. 3. PURCHASE FOR CASH. In case of a cash purchase
of citrus fruit, the purchaser shall not be required to have a license.
Any authorized citrus fruit Inspector or agent of the Commissioner
of Agriculture, upon proper proof that the citrus fruit has been
bought and paid for and has been properly inspected, graded and
labeled, as required by law, shall issue a certificate to purchaser
reciting these facts and such certificate shall be accepted in lieu of
a license. Such certificate shall be signed by seller or his agent.
There will be no charge for this certificate.

No. 4. CASH, OR SURETY BOND REQUIRED. Before any
license is granted by the Commissioner of Agriculture, the applicant
therefore must deliver to the Commissioner at Winter Haven a good
and sufficient cash bond or Surety Bond executed by the applicant
as principal and by a Surety Company qualified and authorized to
do business in the State of Florida as Surety, in the amount of ten
dollars for each one thousand standard packed boxes of citrus fruit;
provided, that no bond shall be for less than $100.00 in amount or
greater than $5,000.00 in amount, all bonds being in multiples of
$100.00.
Bond shall be in the form approved by the Commissioner and
shall be conditioned upon compliance with the provisions of this Act
and upon faithful compliance with the conditions of all contracts,
verbal and written, made by the citrus fruit dealer wiLh producers
or any person contracting with the citrus fruit dealer relative to
the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of citrus fruit.
Bond shall be to the Governor of the State of Florida and his suc-
cessors in office, in favor of every person with whom applicant deals
in the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of citrus









fruit. Every such bond shall continue in force and effect until
notice of the termination thereof is given by registered mail to the
Commissioner, and this fact shall be set forth in each bond.

Bonds shall be similar in form and content to the one given
herein.


FORM OF BOND


STATE OF FLORIDA
COUNTY OF

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS: That we........
.... ............ of ............... ........ .., as principal and
....................... of...................... as surety, are
held and firmly bound unto the Governor of the State of Florida,
and his successors in office, for the use of benefit of every person
establishing legal rights here under, in the full and just sum of
......................dollars, to the payment of which well and
truly to be made, we hereby bind ourselves, our heirs, administra-
tors, executors, successors, and assigns, firmly by these presents.
Signed, sealed and dated this....day of............... 19....,
in the City of..................., Florida.

Whereas, by Chapter 16860, Laws of Florida, Acts of 1935, ap-
proved June 8. 1935, certain dealers in citrus fruits are required
to obtain a license from the Commissioner of Agriculture of the
State of Florida and to give bond in such form and amount as
will be approved by the Commissioner, conditioned upon a full com-
pliance with the provisions of the said Act.
Now, therefore, the conditions of this obligation are such that
if the above named principal shall well and truly comply with the
provisions of this said Act, and with the conditions of all contracts,
verbal or written, made by the said principal with producers and/or
any person contracting with the said principal relative to the pur-
chase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of citrus fruit, and fully
accounts for the proceeds of any citrus fruit, contracted for in
accordance with the terms of the contracts with producers, then
this obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in full force and
effect. provided, however:

The aggregate accumulated liability under this bond shall in
no event exceed the penal sum named herein, for any and all claims
which may be established during the term hereof.










This bond shall continue in full force and effect until notice of
the termination hereof is given by registered mail to the Commis-
sioner of Agriculture of the State of Florida.
In the presence of:

........... ............................. SEAL
(Principal)

......... ............................... SEAL
(Surety)

No. 5. In the event of any bond being cancelled by Surety
Company by notice to the Commissioner, the license issued under
the Surety Bond shall be automatically revoked. Such revocation
to be in effect until another satisfactory Surety or cash Bond has
been received and approved by the Commissioner.

No. 6. The aggregate accumulated liability under any such
bond shall not exceed the amount named therein. Should claims
against the holder of a license be allowed by the Commissioner
which in the aggregate exceed the amount therein named, unless
such claims shall be paid within ten days by licensee the license
shall be revoked until such time as another Surety bond shall be
submitted and approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture.

No. 7. Should more than one complainant be received by the
Commissioner against a Citrus Fruit Dealer and after hearing on
complaint has been held by the Commissioner he decides that com-
plaint is just and allow the claim or claims, such claims shall be
payable under the Surety Bond in the order of priority in which
they are allowed by the Commissioner; such priority to be estab-
lished by time of filing such claims. All claims shall be filed with
the Commissioner of Agriculture at Winter Haven, by registered
mail or time of filing claims attested by Notary Public.

No. 8. Every citrus fruit dealer shall make and keep a correct
record of the purchase, handling, sale and accounting of sales of
citrus fruit handled by him. This record to be complete as outlined
in Section 9 of the Licensing and Bonding Law. The Commissioner
or any officer designated by him may require by subpoena the
attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of ac-
counts and records in the investigation of claims.

No. 9. Retail stores, fruit stands, etc., who purchase fruit only
for resale to retail trade and who are operating under a license
will not be required to obtain a license as Citrus Fruit Dealer under
this Act.











No. 10. The above and foregoing regulations are hereby adopt-
ed by authority of Section 12 of Chapter 16860, Laws of Florida,
Acts of 1935, and are subject to alteration or amendment at any
time without previous notice.

NATHAN MAYO,
Commissioner of Agriculture.

Tallahassee, Fla.
August 1, 1935.













Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit


Dealers and Agents


Season 1935-1936


License
Number


Name


Address


Amt. Bond


271 W. V. Abshier
9 Adams Packing Co.
244 S. Albertson Co., Inc.
46 Alexander & Baird Co.
36 Allied Growers, Inc.
105 Alturas Fruit Growers Asso.
129 Alturas Packing Co.
68 American Fruit Grows., Inc.
245 Anderson-English Co., Inc.
219 The Arnold Fruit Co.
144 Atlantic Com. Co., Inc.
161 The Atwood Grape Fruit Co.
14 Auburndale Citrus Grws. Asn
164 Avalon Orange Groves Co.
40 Avon Park Citrus Grws Asn.
17 Babson Pk Cit Grws Asn Inc
212 Sam A. Banks, Inc.
93 John S. Barnes, Inc.
200 Belleview Growers Pckng Co.
77 David Bilgore & Co.
91 Blattner Sales Corp.
107 Bonita Fruit Sales Co., Inc.
138 L. B. Booth & Co.
55 Bracken Fruit Co.
54 Bradenton Cit Grws Asso'n.
38 Wm. C. Brasch Pckng House
Agt.2 William Dean Brazier
116 Brevard Packing Co.
248 M. C. Britt Produce Co.
84 Brooksville Cit Grws Ass'n.
151 D. H. Browder Son & Co.
201 Bruce-Draper & Co., Inc.
19 Caloosahatchee Val Gws,Inc
249 Cameron Packing Co.
202 Carey Citrus Prod Corp.
139 J. A. Carver & Co.
165 J. J. Cates Co., Inc.


Belleview ............
Auburndale ...........
Boston, Mass. ........
DeLand ..............
Sarasota .............
A lturas ..............
Alturas ..............
Orlando ..............
Tam pa ...............
Jacksonville ..........
Plant City ............
Manavista ............
Auburndale ..........
Ocoee ................
Avon Park ...........
Babson Park .........
Frostproof ...........
Plant City ............
Belleview .............
Clearwater ...........
Orlando ..............
Davenport ............
Largo ................
Fort Pierce ..........
Bradenton ............
Vero Beach ..........
Leesburg .............
M im s ................
Winter Garden ........
Brooksville ...........
Arcadia ..............
Tam pa ...............
A lva .................
McIntosh .............
Plant City ...........
Dade City & Leesburg .
Sanford ..............


$ 500
5,000
1,500
1,500
500
1,000
1,000
5,000
1,000
500
5,000
1,000
1,000
400
500
500
500
5,000
250
1,000
100
1,000
1,000
300
1,000
1,000
1,000
1,000
250
1,000
1,000
1.000
500
100
500
1,000
100









(Continued) Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit

Dealers and Agents-Season 1935-1936


License
Number


Name


142 Holden Cauthen
213 Central Fla. Fruit Corp.
67 Chandler-Davis, Inc.
120 Chase & Co. Cooperative
127 Chauncey Butler Pckng Hse
115 Citra Packing Co.
146 Citrus City Growers Asso'n.
269 Citrus Corp of Florida
177 Citrus Co. Pckng & Prod Co.
58 Citrus Fruit Prod., Inc.
100 Citrus Grove Devlpmt Co.
243 Clapp & Clapp
113 Clearwater Growers Asso'n.
181 Clermont Citrus Grws Assn.
258 S. S. Coachman & Sons
102 Coast Line Packing House
71 Cocoa-Merritt Island Cit Asn
221 J. J. Coker
180 Consumers Cit Sales Corp.
260 Co-op. Indian River Grws Inc
31 D. M. Courtney, Inc.
188 L. A. Crawford
168 Crescent City Cit Grws Asn.
214 Crescent City Fruit Co., Inc.
255 Ralph Crosby
192 Crosby-Wartmann Pk Co. Inc
176 Dade City Packing Co.
99 J. V. D'Albora Co.
252 Davidson Fruit Co.
210 DeLand Citrus Fruit Co.
66 DeLand Citrus Growers Ass.
182 Dentler Brothers
152 Dundee Citrus Grws Asso'n.
76 Eagle Lake Fruit Grws Asso
154 Edwards-Pritchett Tillis, Inc.
33 Jos. Eichelberger & Co.
42 Elfers Citrus Grws Asso'n.
32 Eustis Packing Co.
159 K. E. Ewing & Co.
108 S. A. Fields & Co.
Agt.7 E. C. Fitz & Co., Inc.
43 Florence Cit Grws Asso'n.


Address Amt. Bond

Leesburg ............. 500
Mount Dora .......... 100
Lakeland ............. 500
Sanford .............. 4,000
Interlachen ........... 100
Citra ................ 1,000
Largo ................ 1,500
Winter Haven ........ 100
Floral City .......... 1,000
Orlando .............. 1,000
Babson Park .......... 500
Orlando .............. 500
Clearwater ........... 1,000
Clermont .............. 1,000
Clearwater ........... 100
Leesburg .............. 800
Cocoa ................ 1,000
Winter Haven ........ 100
Jacksonville .......... 1,000
Fort Pierce .......... 200
Palmetto .............. 1.000
Tampa ............... 500
Crescent City ......... 1,000
Crescent City ......... 500
San Mateo ........... 1,000
Citra ................ 1,000
Dade City ............ 1,000
Cocoa ................ 1,000
Ocala ................ 500
DeLand .............. 1,000
DeLand .............. 500
DeLand .............. 500
Dundee .............. 1,500
Eagle Lake .......... 1,000
Lakeland ............. 500
Eustis ............... 5,000
Elfers ............... 1,500
Eustis ............... 1,000
Highland City ........ 1,000
Leesburg ............. 1,000
Boston, Mass. ........ 1,000
Florence Villa ........ 4,000









(Continued)
Dealers


Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit
and Agents-Season 1935-1936


nse
iber


Name


Lice
Num

231
8
238
204
106
72
44
45
196
222
96
276
226
112
104
155
11
126
136
141
28
279
218
253
80
227
174
34
85
149
276
109
232
235
26
216
273
267
195
179
229
240


Florida Cit Canners Co-op.
Fla. Citrus Exchange
Fla. Fruit Canners, Inc.
Ft. Myers Cit & Veg Pk. Inc
Ft. Ogden Citrus Grws Asso.
Ft. Pierce Growers Asso'n.
Chester C. Fosgate Co.
Four Friends Pckng Co., Inc.
H. W. Fowler
Frostproof Cit Grws Asso.
Furen Packing Co.
Dwight A. Gaines
Gale & Co.
Gentile Bros. Co.
L. M. Godwin, Inc.
Goldsmith Fruit Co.
Graves Brothers Co.
E. F. Griffin
Grove Owners Pckng Co.
Growers Selling Serv., Inc.
Haines City Cit Grws Asso.
Haven Fruit Co.
Walter Hawkins
R. J. Head
A. S. Herlong & Co.
J. C. Hickson & Co.
Highland Cit Grws Asso'n.
Highland Pk Pckng Hse, Inc
Hillsboro Cit Grws Asso'n.
Hillsborough Pckng Co.
L. E. Holloway & Co.
Holly Hill Co-op. Cit Asso.
Holly Hill Frt Prod., Inc.
H. C. Hoodelmier
W. J. Howey Co.
Hull's Indian Riv Frt Co.
Hunt Brothers, Inc.
Earl Hunter, Inc.
Indian River Cit Associates
Indian River Grws., Inc.
International Fruit Corp.
Louis L. Jacob, Inc.


Address Amt. Bond

Lake Wales .......... 2,000
Tampa .............. 5,000
Frostproof ............ 4,000
Fort Myers .......... 500
Fort Ogden .......... 1,000
Fort Pierce ........... 4,000
Forest City .......... 5,000
Manatee ............. 1,000
Arcadia .............. 100
Frostproof ........... 1,000
Fort Myers ........... 500
Clermont ............. 500
Georgetown ........... 1,000
Orlando .............. 1,000
Alturas .............. 1,000
Fort Pierce .......... 200
W abasso ............. 1,000
Bartow .............. 250
Auburndale .......... 1,500
Haines City .......... 400
Haines City .......... 1,750
Winter Haven ........ 500
Jacksonville .......... 100
Plant City ............ 25(
Leesburg ............. 2,50(
Miami ............... 100
Highland City ........ 1,000
Lake Wales .......... 1,500
Valrico ............... 1,000
Tampa ............... 2,000
Leesburg ............. 1,000
Davenport ........... 1,000
Davenport ............ 2,000
Mount Dora .......... 200
Howey-in-the Hills .... 2,500
West Palm Beach ..... 100
Lake Wales .......... 1,000
Winter Garden ........ 100
Fort Pierce .......... 500
Vero Beach .......... 1,000
Tampa ............... 1,000
Orlando ............. 250








(Continued) Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit
Dealers and Agents-Season 1935-1936


nse
iber


Name


Lice
Nun

147
224
128
52
4
167
89
241
90
251
140
37
83
166
257
87
81
18
254
123
50
20
47
217


Fred S. Johnston, Inc.
Johnston Packing Co.
-Keen Fruit Corporation
R. D. Keene, Inc.
Geo. Kingston
R. M. Kirkland
Kissimmee Cit Grws Asso'n.
Kistner-Florida Co.
K-M Fruit Company
Thomas E. Ladd
Lady Lake Packing Co.
Lake Alfred Cit Grws Asso.
Lake Byrd Cit Pckng Co.
Lake Charm Fruit Co.
Lake Fruit Co.
Lake Garfield Cit Grws Asso
Lake Hamilton Cit Grws Asn
Lakeland Cit Grws Asso'n.
Lakeland Groves Co.
Lakeland-Hghlnd Co-op Asn
Lake Placid Packing Co.
Lake Region Pckng Asso.
Lake Wales Cit Grws Asso.
E. T. Leake, Lessee Fla Fav-
orite Fruit House
D. C. Lee, Inc.
M. M. Lee
Lee County Packing Co.
Lihme & Bullard
Lovelace Packing Co.
Jane P. Lyle Farm
Manasota Packing Co.
Manatee Cannery, Inc.
Manatee Cit Grws Asso.
Manatee Fruit Co.
Manatee Hammock Frt Co.
Marion County Citrus Co.
C. A. Marsh, Inc.
E. C. Mason
Gregg Maxcy, Inc.
L. Maxcy & Co.
J. T. Merrion


Address Amt. Bond

Tampa ............... 1,000
Sulphur Springs ...... 1,000
Frostproof ........... 1,000
Winter Garden ........ 2,000
Fort Myers .......... 1,000
Crescent City ........ 1,000
Kissimmee ........... 1,000
Zolfo Springs ........ 400
Fairvilla 1,500
San Mateo ........... 100
Lady Lake ........... 1,000
Lake Alfred .......... 500
Avon Park ........... 2,000
Oviedo ............... 800
Eustis ................ 500
Bartow .............. 1,000
Lake Hamilton ........ 1,500
Lakeland ............. 1,000
Auburndale .......... 3,000
Highland City ........ 2,500
Lake Placid .......... 500
Tavares .............. 2,000
Lake Wales .......... 4,000

DeLand .............. 100
Thonotosassa ......... 1,000
Tampa ............... 500
Fort Myers ........... 1,500
Princeton ............ 100
Winter Haven ........ 100
San Mateo ............. 1,000
Palmetto ............. 250
Plant City ............ 100
Manatee .............. 1,000
Palmetto & Palm Hrbr 1,000
Manavista ............ 1,000
Weirsdale ............. 100
Orlando .............. 2,000
Lake Wales .......... 500
Sebring .............. 2,000
Frostproof ........... 5,000
Winter Haven ........ 100










(Continued) Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit

Dealers and Agents-Season 1935-1936


License
Number


Name


Address


Amt. Bond


158 Mid-State Distributors, Inc.
265 Clyde D. Middleton
122 T. B. Milam Packing House
88 Milne O'Berry Pckng Co. Inc
110 Mims Citrus Growers Asso.
135 N. A. Mixon
194 M. M. S. Fruit Co., Inc.
Agt.3 James S. Moody
262 Moss Fruit Corp.
157 Moundgrove Fruit Co.
35 Mountain Lake Corporation
94 Mount Dora Cit Grws Asso.
86 W. H. Mouser & Co.
Agt.5 Mutual Fruit Distrib., Inc.
215 Mutual Packing Co.
143 W. H. McBride
247 L. D. McGiboney
5 E. C. McLean, Inc.
163 J. B. Neal
21 Nelson & Co., Inc.
70 Nevins Fruit Co., Inc.
117 New Smyrna Packing Co.
274 J. S. Norman
3 Oak Hill Citrus Grws Asso.
41 Orlando Citrus Grws Asso.
207 Osceola Fruit Distribtors
49 Oslo Citrus Growers Assn.
82 S. A. Osteen
69 Owanita Citrus Grws Asso.
184 Palca Fruit Growers. Inc.
183 Palm Beach Loxahatchee Co.
2 Palm Harbor Cit Grws Asso.
233 Parks & Van Nest
98 Parks-Williams Fruit Co.
137 K. S. Parrish Pckng House
92 Patterson Packing Co.
Apt.1 Julian Paul
228 Peace River Fruit Co.
277 Peacock Payne Co.
225 Pearce Packing Corp.
60 Peerless Fruit Co., Inc.
187 I. J. Pemberton


Highland City ........ 500
Pomona .............. 500
Leesburg ............. 300
St. Petersburg ........ 1,000
M im s ................ 1,000
Lake Hamilton ....... 100
Mount Dora .......... 250
Citra ................ 300
Tampa ............... 300
Bulow ............... 100
Lake Wales .......... 1,500
Mount Dora .......... 1,000
Orlando .............. 2,000
Orlando .............. 1,000
Lake Jem ............ 250
Seville & DeLand ..... 3,000
Avon Park ........... 500
Palmetto .. ........... 1,000
McIntosh ............... 2,000
Oveido ............... 500
Titusville .............. 5,000
New Smyrna ......... 1,000
DeLand .............. 100
Oak Hill .. ........... 1,000
Orlando .............. 1.500
Kissimmee ........... 250
Vero Beach .......... 1,000
Cocoa ................ 100
Alva ................. 1,000
Lakeland ........... 1,000
Loxahatchee .......... 1,000
Palm Harbor ......... 1,000
Cocoa ................ 100
Leesburg ............ 1,000
Parrish .............. 100
Lakeland ............. 1,000
Winter Haven ........ 100
Fort Meade ............ 1,000
Philadelphia, Pa. ....... 1,000
Palatka .............. 100
Palmetto ............. 1,000
Dade City ............ 500










(Continued)


Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit


Dealers and Agents-Season 1935-1936


License
Number


Name


Address


Amt. Bond


22 Peninsular Distrib Corp.
24 The Pennoflora Co.
205 0. H. Perrin
272 Kenneth Perry 16th St. Mkt.
59 Dr. P. Phillips Co.
Aat.6 A. F. Pickard
234 Edw. G. Pierce
114 Pierson Citrus Grws Asso.
150 Pilot Groves, Inc.
230 Plant Fruit Co.
39 Plymouth Citrus Grws Asso.
134 Polk Packing Association
160 H. A. Pollard, Inc.
203 A. M. Prevatt
74 Producers Citrus Corp.
61 Redland Citrus Grwrs Asso.
130 W. E. Richardson & Son, Inc
29 River Val Cit Grws Asso.
190 Roper Bros., Inc.
236 Rosbottom & Waker
197 San Antonio Pckg & Sup Co
175 W. H. Sanborn
191 Sanzone-Palmisano Co.
264 Scott Fruit Co.
237 J. Max Scott
65 Sebring Fruit Grwrs Asso.
51 Seven Oaks Fruit Co., Inc.
174 Shiloh Fruit Pckng Co.
208 Thelma Shortridge Pckg Co.
63 Silver Palm Cit Grws Asso.
119 Silver Springs Fruit Co.
111 Simpson Fruit Co.
125 S. J. Sligh & Co.
185 Snyder's Citrus House
79 Southern Fruit Distrib., Inc.
223 South Florida Growers
25 S. Lake Apopka Cit Gws Asn
7 Spada Fruit Co., Inc.
206 I. E. Springstead & Son
75 W. A. Stanford, Lessee Lke
Alfred Cit Grws Pkng Plt.
186 Staples-Mays


Sulphur Springs ......
Apopka ..............
Arlington ............
St. Petersburg ........
Orlando ..............
Lakeland .............
Bartow ...............
Pierson ..............
City Point ............
Plant City ............
Plymouth ............
Winter Haven ........
Winter Haven ........
Seville ...............
Frostproof ............
Homestead ...........
Apopka ..............
Palmetto .............
Winter Garden ........
Vero Beach ............
San Antonio ..........
Orlando ..............
Clearwater ...........
Fort Pierce ...........
Orlando ..............
Sebring ..............
Lake Wales ..........
Oak Hill-Shiloh ......
Citra ................
Homestead ...........
Ocala ................
Mount Dora ..........
Orlando ..............
DeLand ..............
Winter Garden ........
Goulds ...............
Tildenville ............
Clearwater ...........
Palmetto .............

Lake Alfred ..........
Plant City ............


1,000
300
1,000
100
4,000
300
100
140
500
100
4,000
2,000
400
300
1,000
500
750
250
1,000
1,000
200
1,000
200
300
1,000
1,500
500
1,000
1,000
500
100
1,000
1,000
300
2,500
100
4,000
1,000
100

100
100









(Continued) Licensed and Bonded Citrus Fruit
Dealers and Agents-Season 1935-1936


License
Number


Name


Address


Amt. Bond


153 Star Packing Co., Inc.
Agt.4 Fred Stevenson
156 Charles A. Stewart Co.
30 St. Johns Riv Cit Co-op.
73 H. C. Sullivan
56 Sunny South Packing Co.
263 A. D. Symonds & Son
124 The Tangerine Shop
53 Terra Ceia Cit Grws Asso.
278 Tilghman Farms
6 Tree-Gold Co-op Grws of Fla
62 Trombettas. Inc.
268 Truckers Supply Co.
256 W. S. Turner
131 Umatilla Cit Grws Asso.
171 The Umatilla Fruit Co.
198 P. H. Varn
97 Vaughn-Griffin Pckng Co.
78 Vero Indian Riv Prodcs Asso
118 Volusia Growers, Inc.
132 Wadford Fruit Co.
16 Waverly Cit Grws Asso.
103 Waverly Grws Co-operative
239 E. J. Webb
133 Weirsdale Packing Co.
95 Welles Fruit Co.
209 Wesco Foods Co.
193 West Coast Fruit Co.
23 West Orange Cit Grws Asso.
12 White City Fruit Co.
169 Wiggins Packing House
27 Winter Haven Cit Grws Asso
250 Winter Haven Co-op Grws
121 Winter Haven Fr Sales Corp
13 Winter Garden Cit Grws Asn
220 Winter Park Packing Co.
266 Withers & Harshman, Inc.
178 D. K. Young, Inc.
173 A. Zimmerman & Co.
199 Zolfo Fruit Co., Inc.


Plant City ............
Palmetto .............
Auburndale & Avon Prk
DeLand ..............
Frostproof ...........
Arcadia ..............
Orlando ..............
Safety Harbor ........
Terra Ceia ...........
Palatka ..............
Orlando ..............
K endall ..............
Sebring ..............
Micanopy ............
Umatilla .............
Umat'a, Zellw'd & Paola
Plant City ............
Howey-in-the-Hills ...
Vero Beach ............
DeLand ..............
Lake Carroll ..........
W averly ..............
W averly .............
W auchula ............
W eirsdale ............
Arcadia-Nocatee ......
Winter Haven ........
Clearwater ...........
Winter Garden ........
W hite City ..........
Manatee .............
Winter Haven ........
Winter Haven .........
Winter Haven ........
Winter Garden ........
Winter Park .........
Sebring ..............
Winter Haven ........
Lakeland ...........
Zolfo Springs ........


500
500
2,000
500
1,000
1,000
1,000
100
1,000
1,000
5,000
1,000
100
100
1,000
2,500
500
1,000
S1,000
1,000
200
3,000
3,000
200
2,500
1,000
5,000
1,000
500
300
100
3,000
S1,000
3,000
1,750
1,500
1,000
100
1,000
100











Bond and License Division


Chapter 16,860, Acts of 1935, more commonly referred to as
"Bond and License Law," is administered .under authority of the
Commissioner of Agriculture working in close harmony with the
Florida Citrus Commission.

Under this Act 286 Citrus Fruit Dealers and Agents were
licensed, the Licensee being under cash or surety bonds agregating
$310,950.00. A detailed list giving License Number, Licensees' names
and addresses, as well as the amount of the Bond, is made a part of
this report.

The Commissioner has handled a total of 125 claims, collecting
for growers and shippers $20,156.60. This total includes in excess
of $3,500.00 of checks given in payment for citrus which were re-
turned for various reasons. $275.00 of this amount was collected
from out of State truckers, whose checks were returned.
In addition, the Commissioner's Agents have acted in various
other capacities such as adjusting and settling numerous misunder-
standings between buyers and sellers, investigating and arranging
credits, advising shippers when out of State brokers refused to
honor drafts, as well as attempting to render any assistance con-
sistent with the terms of the Bond and License Law.

The Commissioner has found it necessary to revoke the License
of the Florida Citrus Fruit Dealers whose names and addresses are
given below, and under the terms of the Bond and License Law, it
will be necessary that these dealers whose licenses have been re-
voked, make settlement of all claims filed with the Commissioner
and furnish a new and sufficient bond before they shall be qualified
to again act as Citrus Fruit Dealers another season:

J. A. Carver Co., Dade City,

Citrus Corporation of Florida, Winter Haven,
L. M. Godwin, Inc., Alturas,
Earl Hunter, Inc., Winter Garden,
Ebe Walter, Plant City,

Frank Wygal, Sebring.

In addition to the claims against the above Citrus Fruit Dealers,
there are filed in this office claims against nine other Citrus Fruit
Dealers, these claims being in process of adjustment and settlement.










In the event a satisfactory settlement is not secured on any of these
claims, the License of any such Citrus Fruit Dealer shall be revoked
prior to September 1st.

It is recommended that anyone having claims against any
licensed and bonded Citrus Fruit Dealer present them promptly, as
a portion of the losses to growers this season could have been pre-
vented had the claims been presented before the shipping season
ended.

The Supreme Court, by a unanimous decision rendered June
15th, upheld the Bond and License Act. This decision was made
from a test case brought by the Polk Canning Company. The Court
held that the law was applicable to canners as well as fresh fruit
dealers.

The Commissioner feels that the Bond and License Act has
accorded a protection to growers and shippers that they have not
enjoyed in the past. However, the present minimum bond of $100.00
is by far too small to afford the degree of protection that the indus-
try is entitled to. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that at
the next Session of the Legislature an amendment to this Act be
passed, materially increasing the minimum bond so that proper
protection may be given.









United States Department of Agriculture

Bureau of Agricultural Economics

U. S. STANDARDS FOR CITRUS FRUITS
(Effective Sept. 30, 1935)


Introduction

These standards apply only to the common or sweet orange
group, grapefruit, and tangerines, and other varieties belonging to
the Mandarin Group. These standards do not apply to California
and Arizona citrus fruits for which separate U. S. standards are
issued.

The tolerences for the standards are on a container basis. How-
ever, individual packages in any lot may vary from the specified
tolerances as stated below, provided the averages for the entire lot,
based on sample inspection, are within the tolerances specified.

For a tolerance of 10 percent or more, individual packages in
any lot may contain not more than one and one-half times the tol-
erance specified.

For a tolerance of less than 10 percent, individual packages in
any lot may contain not more than double the tolerance specified,
provided at least one specimen which does not meet the require-
ments shall be allowed in any one package.

Numbers and letters in parentheses following grade terms indi-
cate where such terms are defined on pages 86 and 92, inclusive, under
Definitions of Terms.


GRADES

U. S. Fancy shall consist of citrus fruits of similar varietal
characteristics (1), which are well colored (2), firm (3), well formed
(4), mature, and of smooth texture (5); free from ammoniation,
bird pecks, bruises, buckskin, creasing, cuts which are not healed,
decay, growth cracks, scab, split navels, sprayburn and under-
veloped or sunken segments, from injury (6), by black or unsightly
discoloration (6 & 7), green spots (6a), rough and excessively wide
or protruding navels (6b), scale (6c), scars (6d), thorn scratches
(6e), and from damage (10), caused by dirt or other foreign ma-
81









trials (10), dryness (10c) sprouting (10), sunburn (10i), disease,
insects or mechanical or other means (10).

In this grade not more than one-tenth of the surface in the
aggregate may be affected with discoloration (7). (See Tolerances
pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 1 shall consist of citrus fruit of similar varietal
characteristics (1) which are fairly well colored (8), firm (3), well
formed (4), mature, and of fairly smooth texture (9); free from
bruises, buckskin, cuts which are not healed, decay, growth cracks,
sprayburn, undeveloped or sunken segments, and from damage (10)
caused by ammoniation (10a), bird pecks (10), black or unsightly
discoloration (7 & 10), creasing (10b), dirt or other foreign ma-
terials (10), dryness (10c), green spots (10d), scab (10e), scale
(10f), scars (10g), split or rough or protruding navels (10h) sprout-
ing (10), sunburn (10i), thorn scratches (10j), disease, insects or
mechanical or other means (10).

In this grade not more than one-third of the surface in the
aggregate may be affected with discoloration (7). (See Tolerances
pages 83 to 86, inclusive).

U. S. No. 1 Bright. The requirements for this grade are the
same as for U. S. No. 1 except that in this grade no fruit may have
more than one-tenth of its surface in the aggregate affected with
discoloration (7). (See Tolerances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 1 Russet. The requirements for this grade are the
same as for U. S. No. 1 except that in this grade, at least 75 per-
cent, by count, of the fruit shall have in excess of one-third of the
surface in the aggregate affected with discoloration (7). (See Tol-
erances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 2 shall consist of citrus fruits of similar varietal
characteristics (1) which are mature but may be only slightly col-
ored (11), fairly firm (12), slightly mis-shapen (13) and slightly
rough (14) but which are free from bruises, cuts which are not
healed, decay, growth cracks, and from serious damage (15) caused
by ammoniation (15a), bird pecks (15), black or unsightly discolora-
tion (7 & 15), buckskin (15b), creasing (15c), dirt or other foreign
materials (15), dryness (15d), green spots (15e), scab (15f), scale
(15g), scars (15h), split or rough or protruding navels (15i), spray-
burn (15j), sprouting (15), sunburn (15k), thorn scratches (15L),








undeveloped or sunken segments (15m), disease, insects, mechanical
or other means (15).

In this grade not more than 40 percent, by count, of the fruit
may have in excess of one-third of the surface in the aggregate
affected with discoloration (7). (See Tolerances pages 83 to 85, in-
clusive).

U. S. Combination Grade. Any lot of citrus fruits may be desig-
nated "U. S. Combination" when not less than 40 percent, by count,
of the fruits in each container meet the requirements of U. S. No. 1
grade and the remainder U. S. No. 2 grade, provided that not more
than 25 percent, by count, of the fruits in any container may have
in excess of one-third of the surface in the agregate affected with
discoloration (7). (See Tolerances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 2 Bright. The requirements for this grade are the
same as for U. S. No. 2 except that in this grade no fruit may have
more than one-tenth of its surface in the aggregate affected with
discoloration (7). (See Tolerances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 2 Russet. The requirements for this grade are the
same as for U. S. No. 2 except that in this grade, more than 50
percent, by count, of the fruit shall have in excess of one-third of
the surface in the aggregate affected with discoloration (7). (See
Tolerances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).

U. S. No. 3 shall consist of citrus fruits of similar varietal
characteristics (1) which are mature; which may be misshapen
(16), slightly spongy (17), rough but not seriously lumpy for the
variety or seriously cracked; which are free from cuts which are not
healed and from decay; and from very serious damage (18) caused
by bruises, growth cracks (18a), ammoniation (18b), bird pecks
(18c), black or unsightly discoloration, caked melanose (18d), buck-
skin (18e), creasing (18f), dryness (18g), green spots (18h), scab
(18i), scale (18j), split navels (18k), sprayburn (18L), sprouting,
sunburn (18m), thorn punctures (18n), disease, insects, mechanical
or other means. The fruit may be poorly colored but not more than
25 percent of the surface of each fruit may be of a solid dark green
color. (See Tolerances pages 83 to 85, inclusive).


TOLERANCES FOR PRECEDING GRADES

In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and

83










handling in each of the foregoing grades, the following tolerances
are provided as specified:


U. S. Fancy. Not more than 10 percent, by count, of the fruit
in any container may be below the requirements of this grade but
not more than one-fourth of this tolerance, or 21 percent, shall b2
allowed for damage by black or unsightly discoloration, and not
more than one-twentieth of this tolerance, or one-half of one percent,
shall be allowed for decay at shipping point; provided that a total
tolerance of not more than 3 percent shall be allowed for decay
enroute or at destination. No part of any tolerance shall be allowed
for wormy fruit or worm holes.


U. S. No. 1, U. S. No. 1 Bright, U. S. No. 2 Bright Grades.
Not more than 10 percent, by count, of the fruit in any container
may be below the requirements of the grade other than for dis-
coloiation but not more than one-twentieth of this tolerance, or one-
half of one percent, shall be allowed for decay at shipping point;
provided that, a total tolerance of not more than 3 percent shall be
allowed for decay enroute or at destination. In addition, not more
than 10 percent, by count, of the fruit in any container may not meet
the requirements relating to discoloration but not more than one-
fourth of this tolerance, or 21/ percent, shall be allowed for serious
damage by black or unsightly discoloration. No part of any toler-
ance shall be allowed for wormy fruit or worm holes.

U. S. No. 2. Not more than 10 percent, by count, of the fruit
in any container may be below the requirements of this grade other
than for discoloration but not more than one-twentieth of this
tolerance, or one-half of one percent shall be allowed for decay at
shipping point; provided that, a total tolerance of not more than 3
percent shall be allowed for decay enroute or at destination. In ad-
dition, not more than 10 percent, by count, of the fruit in any con-
tainer may not meet the requirements relating to discoloration. No
part of any tolerance shall be allowed for wormy fruit or worm holes.

U. S. Combination Grade. Not more than 10 percent, by count,
of the fruit in any container may be below the requirements of this
grade but not more than one-twentieth of this tolerance, or one-
half of one percent, shall be allowed for decay at shipping point;
provided that, a total tolerance of not more than 3 percent shall be
allowed for decay enroute or at destination. No part of any toler-
ance shall be allowed to reduce, for the lot as a whole, the per-
centage of U. S. No. 1 required in the combination, or to increase
the percentage of fruit having in excess of one-third of the surface







in the aggregate affected with discoloration which is permitted in
the combination, but individual containers may have not more than
a total of 10 percent less than the percentage of U. S. No. 1 required
or specified and/or in excess of the percentage of discolored fruits
specified, provided that the entire lot averages within the percent-
ages specified. No part of any tolerance shall be allowed for wormy
fruit or worm holes.

U. S. No. 1 Russet, U. S. No. 2 Russet Grades. Not more than
10 percent, by count, of the fruit in any container may be below the
requirements of the grade but not more than one-twentieth of this
amount, or one-half of one percent, shall be allowed for decay at
shipping point; provided that, a total tolerance of not more than 3
per cent shall be allowed for decay enroute or at destination. No
part of any tolerance shall be allowed to reduce the percentage of
fruit having in excess of one-third of the surface in the aggregate
affected with discoloration which is required in these grades, but
individual containers may have not more than 10 percent less than
the percentage required provided that the entire lot averages within
the percentage specified. No part of any tolerance shall be allowed
for wormy fruit or worm holes.

U. S. No. 3. Not more than 5 percent, by count, of the fruit in
any container may be below the requirements of this grade but not
more than one-fifth of this amount, or 1 percent, shall be allowed
for decay at shipping point; provided that a total tolerance of not
more than 3 percent shall be allowed for decay enroute or at destina-
tion. No part of any tolerance shall be allowed for wormy fruit.


STANDARD PACK


Fruit shall be fairly uniform in size and arranged in the boxes
according to the approved and recognized methods. The fruit shall
be tightly packed and the wrap show at least one-half twist. Each
fruit shall be enclosed in its individual wrapper, except that in packs
of oranges and tangerines of a size 250 and smaller only fruit in
the top and bottom layers and fruit exposed at the sides of the box
shall be required to be wrapped.

Each box of oranges shall show a minimum bulge of 11/4 inches.
With grapefruit the minimum bulge shall be 2 inches, except that
boxes packed with grapefruit of a size 80 or smaller need only show
a bulge of 1% inches. Boxes of tangerines shall show a minimum
bulge of 3% inch.









"Fairly uniform in size" means that there is not excessive
variation in diameters of the fruits in any container and that
oranges and grapefruit are within the range given below for the
various packs.


DIAMETER IN INCHES


Pack


96's
126's
150's
176's
200's
216's
250's
288's
324's


36's
46's
54's
64's
70's
80's
96's
126's


Minimum Maximum


ORANGES
3- 6/16
3- 3/16
3
2-14/16
2-12/16
2-10/16
2- 8/16
2- 6/16
2- 4/16

GRAPEFRUIT


5
4-11/16
4- 6/16
4- 3/16
3-15/16
3-12/16
3- 9/16
3- 5/16


3-11/16
3- 8/16
3- 4/16
3- 2/16
3
2-14/16
2-12/16
2-10/16
2- 8/16


5- 9/16
5- 2/16
4-13/16
4- 9/16
4- 5/16
4- 2/16
3-15/16
3-11/16


In order to allow for variations, other than sizing, incident to
proper packing not more than 5 per cent of the boxes in any lot may
not meet the requirements for the standard pack. In addition, not
more than a total of 10 per cent, by count, of the fruit in any con-
tainer may vary from the specified sizes.


DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

As used in these grades:

1. "Similar varietal characteristics" means that the fruits in
any container are similar in color and shape.

2. "Well colored" as applied to grapefruit, means that the fruit
is yellow in color with practically no trace of green color; as applied

86










to oranges of the common and Mandarin groups, means that the
fruit is yellow or orange in color with practically no trace of green
color.

3. "Firm" as applied to grapefruit and oranges, means that the
fruit is not soft, or noticeably wilted or flabby, as applied to oranges
of the Mandarin group (Tangerines, Satsumas, King, Mandarin),
means that the fruit is not badly puffy, although the skin may be
slightly loose.

4. "Well formed" means that the fruit has the shape character-
istic of the variety.

5. "Smooth texture" means that the skin is thin and smooth for
the variety and size of fruit.

6. "Injury" means any defect or blemish which more than
slightly affects the appearance, edible or shipping quality of the
fruit. Any one of the following defects, or any combination of de-
fects, the seriousness of which exceeds the maximum allowed for any
one defect shall be considered as injury:

(a) Green spots, when more than 4, or when aggregating more
than three-fourths inch in diameter.

(b) Rough and excessively wide or protruding navals, when pro-
truding beyond the general contour of the orange; or when flush with
the general contour but with the opening so wide, considering the
size of the fruit, and the naval growth so folded and ridged that it
detracts noticeably from the appearance of the orange.

e) Scale, when more than a few adjacent to the "button" at
stem end, or when more than 6 scattered on other portions of tha
fruit.

(d) Scars, when causing roughness of the fruit texture to a
greater degree than is permitted under the term "smooth" as re
quired in the grade; or when the scars affect the appearance of the
fruit to a greater extent than the maximum of discoloration allowed
in the grade.

(e) Thorn scratches, when the injury is not slight, not well
healed, or more unsightly than discoloration allowed in the grade.

7. "Discoloration" means russeting of a light shade of golden
brown caused by rust mite or other means. Lighter shades of dis-
coloration caused by superficial scars or other means may be allowed
on a greater area, or darker shades may be allowed on a lesser area,
provided, no discoloration caused by melanose or other means may af-









feet the appearance of the fruit to a greater extent than the shade
and amount of discoloration allowed for the grade.

8. "Fairly well colored" means that the yellow or orange color
predominates over the green color on that part of the fruit which is
not discolored.

9. "Fairly smooth texture" means that the skin is fairly thin
and not coarse for the variety and size of fruit.

10. "Damage" means any defect or injury which materially af-
fects the appearance, edible, or shipping quality of the fruit. Any one
of the following defects, or any combination of defects, the serious-
ness of which exceeds the maximum allowed for any one defect shall
be considered as damage:

(a) Ammoniation, when not occurring as light speck type sim-
ilar to melanose.

(b) Creasing, when causing the skin to be materially weakened.

(c) Dryness, when extending into segments of oranges and
grapefruit more than one-fourth inch at the stem end or into seg-
ments of varieties of the Mandarin group more than one-eighth inch
at the stem end, or more than the equivalent of these respective
amounts, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruit.

(d) Green spots, when more than 7 in number, or when aggre-
gating more than one inch in diameter.

(e) Scab, when it cannot be classed as discoloration, or affects
shape or texture.

(f) Scale, when occurring as a ring or concentrated blotch on
oranges and varieties of the Mandarin group when the average out-
side diameter is more than 3/4 inch; or as more than one ring or
blotch; or any ring on grapefruit when the average outside diameter
is more than 1 1/2 inches; or any blotch on grapefruit when the aver-
age diameter is more than 1 inch; or scattered scale on oranges or
grapefruit which detracts from the appearance of the fruit to a
greater extent than the maximum ring or blotch allowed.

(g) Scars, when causing roughness of the fruit texture to a
greater degree than is permitted under the term "Fairly smooth" as
required in the grade; or when these scars affect the appearance of
the fruit to a greater extent than the maximum of discoloration al-
lowed.

(h) Split or rough or protruding navals, when any split is un-
healed, or more than three well healed splits at the naval, or any

88









split which is more than one-fourth inch in length; or three-cornered,
star shaped or other irregular navals when the opening is so wide,
considering the size of the orange, and the naval growth so folded and
ridged that it detracts materially from the appearance of the orange;
or navels which flare, bulge, or protrude beyond the general contour
of the orange to the extent that they are subject to mechanical in-
jury in the process of proper grading, handling and packing.

(i) Sunburn when the area affected exceeds 25 per cent of the
fruit surface, or when the affected portion is appreciably flattened,
dry, darkened, or hard.

(j) Thorn scratches, when the injury is not well healed, or when
light colored and concentrated and more than one inch in diameter,
or black or scattered thorn injury which detracts from the appear-
ance of the fruit to a greater extent than the one inch light colored
concentrated injury.

11. "Slightly colored" means that at least one-fourth of that
portion of the fruit surface which is not discolored shows some yel-
low or orange color.

12. "'Fairly firm" as applied to grapefruit, means that the fruit
may be slightly soft, but not bruised, and the skin may be thick and
slightly puffy; as applied to oranges, means that the fruit may be
slightly soft, but not bruised; as applied to oranges of the Mandarin
Group (Tangerines, Satsumas, King, Mandarin) means that the skin
of the fruit is not badly puffy or extremely loose.

13. "Slightly misshapen" means that the fruit is not of the shape
characteristic of the variety but is not decidedly elongated or pointed,
or otherwise badly deformed.

14. "Slightly rough texture" means that the skin is not of
smooth texture but is not badly ridged, badly grooved, or badly
wrinkled.

15. "Serious damage" means any defect or injury which ser-
iously affects the appearance, edible or shipping quality of the fruit.
Any one of the following defects, or any combination of defects, the
seriousness of which exceeds the maximum allowed for any one de-
fect shall be considered as serious damage.:

(a) Ammoniation, when scars are cracked, or when dark and
aggregating more than three-fourths inch in diameter or when light
colored and aggregating more than 1 1/4 inches in diameter.

(b) Buckskin, when more unsightly than the maximum of dis-
coloration allowed, or the fruit texture is seriously affected.









(c) Creasing, when so deep or extensive that the skin is ser-
iously weakened.

(d) Dryness, when extending into segments of oranges and grape-
fruit more than 1/2 inch at the stem end, or into segments of varie-
ties of the Mandarin group more than 1/ inch at the stem end, or
more than the equivalent of these respective amounts by volume when
occurring in other portions of the fruit.

(e) Green spots, when aggregating more than 2 inches in diame-
ter.

(f) Scab, when it cannot be classed as discoloration, or when
materially affecting shape or texture.

(g) Scale, when occurring as a ring or concentrated blotch on
oranges and varieties of the Mandarin group when the average out-
side diameter is more than one inch; or as one ring on grapefruit
when the average outside diameter is more than 1 3/4 inches; or as
one blotch on grapefruit when the average diameter is more than
1 1/4 inches; or scattered scale or small ring or blotches on oranges
or grapefruit which detract from the appearance of the fruit to a
greater extent than does the maximum ring or blotch allowed.

(h) Scars, when causing roughness of the fruit texture to a
greater degree than is permitted under the term "slightly rough" as
stated in the grade; or when these scars affect the appearance of the
fluit to a greater extent than the maximum of discoloration allowed
in the grade.

(i) Split or rough or portruding navels, when any split is un-
healed, or one well healed split at each corner of irregular navels when
any one is more than one-half inch in length, or when aggregating
more than 1 inch in length, or when more than four in number; or
navels which protrude beyond the general contour of the orange to the
extent as to be a likely source of mechanical injury during the pro-
cess of proper grading, handling and packing; or irregular navels when
the opening is so wide, considering the size of the orange, and the
navel growth so badly folded and ridged that it detracts seriously
from the appearance of the orange.

(j) Sprayburn, when seriously affecting appearance of the fruit
or when more than 1 1/4 inches in diameter in the aggregate.

(k) Sunburn, when the affected portion exceeds one-third of the
fruit surface, or is hard or discolored, or the fruit decidedly one-sided.

(1) Thorn scratches, when the injury is not well healed, or
when light colored and centrated and more than 1 1/2 inches in diame-
ter, or black or scattered thorn injury which detracts from the ap-
90









pearance of the fruit to a greater extent than the 1 1/2 inch light
colored concentrated injury.

(m) Undeveloped or sunken segments, in navel oranges, when
such segments are so sunken or undeveloped that they are readily
noticeable.

16. "Misshapen" means that the fruit is decidedly elongated,
pointed or flat sided.

17. "Slightly spongy" means that the fruit is puffy or slightly
wilted but not flabby.

18. "Very serious damage" means any defect or injury which
very seriously affects the appearance, edible, or shipping quality of
the fruit. Any one of the following defects, or any combination of
defects, the seriousness of which exceeds the maximum allowed for
any one defect shall be considered as very serious damage:

(a) Growth cracks that are leaking, gummy or not healed.

(b) Ammoniation, when aggregating more than 2 inches in
diameter, or which has caused serious cracks.

(c) Bird pecks, when not healed.

(d) Caked melanose, when more than 25 per cent in the aggre-
gate of the surface of the fruit is caked.

(e) Buckskin, when rough and aggregating more than 50 per
cent of the surface of each fruit.

(f) Creasing, when so deep or extensive that the skin is very
seriously weakened.

(g) Dryness, when extending into segments of oranges and
grapefruit more than /2 inch at the stem end, or into segments of
varieties of the Mandarin Group more than 14 inch at the stem end,
or more than the equivalent of these respective amounts by volume
when occurring in other portions of the fruit.

(h) Green spots, when badly sunken or soft and weak.

(i) Scab, when aggregating more than 25 percent of the surface
of the fruit.

(j) Scale, when covering more than 20 percent of the fruit
surface or the equivalent of this amount when scattered over the
surface of the fruit.

(k) Split navels, when leaking or not healed.









(1) Sprayburn, when seriously affecting wore than one-third
of the fruit surface.

(m) Sunburn when seriously affecting more than one-third of
the fruit surface.

(n) Thorn punctures, when leaking or not healed.


CULL


A cull is a fruit which does not meet the requirements of U. S.
No. 3 grade.

Issued Sept. 26, 1935.









Rules and Regulations Of The

Florida Citrus Commission


RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE
CITRUS LAW, CHAPTER NO. 16855 LAWS OF
FLORIDA, ACTS OF 1935


REGULATION NO. 1. Definition of Citrus Fruit.

The words "citrus fruit" shall extend to and include only the
fruits of Citrus Grandis Osbeck, commonly called grapefruit or
pomelo, and Citrus Sinensis Osbeck, commonly called sweet or round
oranges, and Citrus Nobilis Delicioso, commonly called tangerines.

REGULATION NO. 2. Packing House Defined.

A packing house shall be construed to be any structure or shelter
equipped with washer, sizers, and other equipment necessary for
packing or otherwise preparing citrus fruit for market or trans-
portation.

REGULATION NO. 3. Grapefruit Standards. Condensed.

The minimum juice contents of the juice of the respective sizes
of said grapefruit are as follows, each size being designated by the
commercial number assigned to it, based on the number of grapefruit
of said size packed commercially in a standard Florida packed box of
grapefruit containing two compartments each having inside dimen-
sions of twelve inches by twelve inches by twelve inches.
1. A grapefruit of size 28 shall contain not less than 290 cubic
centimeters of juice.
2. A grapefruit of size 36 shall contain not less than 270 cubic
centimeters of juice.
3. A grapefruit of size 46 shall contain not less than 255 cubic
centimeters of juice.
4. A grapefruit of size 54 shall contain not less than 235 cubic
centimeters of juice.
5. A grapefruit of size 64 shall contain not less than 215 cubic
centimeters of juice.









6. A grapefruit of size 70 shall contain not less than 195 cubic
centimeters of juice.

7. A grapefruit of size 80 shall contain not less than 185 cubic
centimeters of juice.
8. A grapefruit of size 96 shall contain not less than 165 cubic
centimeters of juice.
9. A grapefruit of size 126 shall contained not less than 140 cubic
centimeters of juice.
10. A grapefruit of size 150 shall contain not less than 120 cubic
centimeters of Juice.

REGULATION NO. 4. Drawing samples and testing of juice content
in grapefruit.

The test for juice content shall be made by selecting not less
than three average size fruit of the size to be tested.

Each inspector is provided with a sizer consisting of a wooden
board having circular holes which have the diameter of average size
fruit of each commercial size. The fruit must pass through the hole
for the size being tested without squeezing but just touching the sides
of the hole.

The fruit is peeled and then impaled, blossom end first, on the
screw-threaded column of the fruit press. It is then pushed down
the column to the base of the press. A circular piece of cheese
cloth of double thickness and about ten inches in diameter, having
a small hole in the center to fit the column of the fruit press, is now
pushed down the column and lightly tucked under the fruit. The
plunger of the fruit press is then put in place, the pressure handle of
the press is screwed on and pressure applied by turning the handle.
The pressure is applied gradually and is continued until the handle
will turn no further. No additional leverage shall be added to the
handle provided with the machine. The juice from each fruit is
collected in a vessel placed to receive it. When the juice drips at
the rate of one drop only in three seconds the vessel is removed and
the juice poured into an accurately graduated glass measuring cylinder
and the number of cubic centimeters of juice determined.

In determining the number of cubic centimeters of juice the
line that cuts the top of the actual liquid is read. If frothy scum or
bubbles cling to the surface of the liquid they are to be disregarded.
After obtaining the total quantity of juice in cubic centimeters, the
number of cubic centimeters is divided by the number of fruit used
in the test to obtain the average amount of juice in each fruit.
The result is then compared with the standard set up for the size
94










fruit tested, and if found equal to or in excess thereof, shall be passed
as meeting the standard for minimum juice content. If it fails to
come up to the required standard it shall be condemned as failing to
meet the minimum juice content standard.


REGULATION NO. 5. Type of machine to be used in making test for
juice content in grapefruit.

The mechanical juice extractor or fruit press known as the
"Juicy Fruit Press" manufactured by O. P. Schriver Company, of
Cincinnati, Ohio, or any other mechanical fruit press or juice extrac-
tor of similar construction and equal efficiency may be used. A
machine manufactured by the Wagner Manufacturing Company of
Sidney, Ohio, which is very similar to the Schriver machine, has been
tested and found very satisfactory. This machine of the four quart
size is also adopted for use by the Citrus Fruit Inspectors.

REGULATION NO. 6.

Oranges shall be deemed to be mature only when the ratio of
the total soluble solids of the juice thereof to the anhydrous citric
acid is not less than eight to one (8 to 1).

REGULATION NO. 7.

Tangerines shall be deemed to be mature only when the ratio of
total soluble solids of juice thereof to the anhydrous citric acid is not
less than seven and one-half to one (71 to 1).

REGULATION NO. 8. Drawing samples for maturity test.

(a) Inspectors shall draw for preparation samples from bins
or packed boxes, which may consist of any individual grade, brand
or combination of grades or brands, and shall consist of not less than
fifteen (15) oranges or tangerines. The first test shall be made on
the smallest size. If the first test of the smallest size shows imma-
turity a second and third test shall be made. If the average of those
three tests shows immaturity, this size shall be condemned. The
next largest size shall then be tested in the same manner, and so on,
until a size is found that will pass. Then a test shall be made on the
largest size and if found mature, the composite test shall be made of
all sizes larger than the last size that failed to pass. If the composite
test shows the fruit to be mature, a maturity certificate shall be issued
by the inspector, and the fruit of all sizes that failed to pass shall
be immediately destroyed, provided however Inspectors at their
discretion may make separate tests of each grade of any size and










the size of any grade so tested which fails to pass the maturity
standard shall be destroyed. While this regulation requires the run-
ning of only one test on each size or grade of fruit that passes, it
shall not be construed as prohibiting the running of additional tests
if, in the opinion of the inspector, additional tests may be necessary
to prevent the shipment of immature fruit.

REGULATION NO. 9. Preparation of samples for maturity test.

(a) In order to make the sample as representative as possible,
the inspector is instructed to select not less than fifteen (15) oranges
or tangerines from the several bins or packed boxes. The fruit shall
be cut crosswise and the juice extracted as thoroughly as possible
from the whole fruit, i. e., from each half portion. The juice shall
then be strained through cheese cloth. If the owner or manager of
the packing house so elects, he may witness the drawing of these
samples from the bins or packed boxes and in case the first test of
this fruit does not pass, the owner or manager of the packing house
may witness subsequent tests of this fruit; provided, however, that
nothing in this regulation can be construed to authorize any person
to obstruct, hinder, resist or interfere in any way with an authorized
inspector in the discharge of his duty as prescribed in Section 20 of
the Citrus Fruit Maturity Law.

Inspectors Tests to be Made in Private

(b) No person other than a regular authorized inspector shall
at any time handle the solutions or equipment used by the inspector
for determining the maturity of citrus fruits. Any effort to assist
the inspector or to handle the fruit from which the test is to be made
or any effort to interrupt or interfere with or any attempt to influence
his judgment shall be construed as interference with the inspector
in the performance of his official duty as coming within the purview
of Section 20 of the Citrus Fruit Maturity Law.

Mixing of Citrus Fruit

(c) The mixing of one variety of oranges with that of another
or the mixing of mature fruit from one grove with the immature
fruit of another grove for the purpose of securing a lot of fruit that
will pass the maturity test as prescribed by law is prohibited.

The object of the law is to prevent the shipment of immature
fruit; therefore, the mixing of mature and immature fruit in any place
or at any time for the purpose of passing said lot of fruit is prohibited
and will subject the entire lot to destruction and the shipper to
prosecution.









Tests May be Made Anywhere

(d) It shall be the duty of every inspector to make tests of
citrus fruit, taking samples from coloring rooms, from the floor
of packing houses, from precooling rooms, from trucks, or from field
boxes in the groves or elsewhere; such tests to be made for his in-
formation and guidance in detecting immature fruit in advance of its
preparation for shipment as it comes into the bins or is sold from
field boxes. Should any fruit so tested show immaturity, the inspector
shall immediately notify the manager or foreman and shall require
that (after it has been colored. if coloring be necessary) it be the
first fruit to be run until the entire lot has been completed. Should
the packing house at which it is to be packed be not in running
operation, or coloring is necessary, at the time the fruit is detected
the inspector shall count the number of boxes and require that it be
kept separate from all other fruit in a place designated by the in-
spector and shall further require that said fruit be the first to bh
run when colored, if coloring is necessary, or when the packing house
begins operating. No certificate of maturity shall be issued until
such fruit is tested as provided in Regulations Nos. 4 and 8.

(e) Managers or foremen of packing houses shall furnish in-
spectors with the lot numbers of all fruit received at the packing
house. together with the number of field boxes in each lot and the
location of each lot within the packing house. The manager or fore-
man of the packing house shall notify the inspector or inspectors
at the beginning and completion of the running of each lot of fruit.
Should there be two or more lots run simultaneously, it shall be the
duty of the manager or foreman of the packing house to furnish the
inspector with full information as to the source of the several lots of
fruit and the number of boxes in each several lot. And the running
of no lot or lots which shows immaturity shall be discontinued until
that entire lot or lots has been run into the bins, unless the manager
or foreman of the packing house elects to surrender said lot or lots
for immediate destruction.

(f) Should any fruit so tested show immaturity, the manager
or foreman of the packing house shall furnish the inspector all pack-
ing house records pertaining to the handling of such lot of fruit,
and if more than one lot then it shall be the duty of the manager or
foreman of the packing house to furnish the inspector full information
as to the source of said several lots and the number of boxes in
each lot.

REGULATION NO. 10. Certificate of Maturity.

(a) Certificates of maturity shall be issued only by a duly










authorized inspector of the Department of Agriculture, the State
Chemist or an assistant State Chemist, except in case of emergency
or necessity, the Commissioner of Agriculture may designate some
fit and competent individual to inspect, test and certifyy to the ma-
turity of certain fruits. Certificates issued by any individual designated
by the Commissioner, shall be signed by such individual as "Special
Citrus Fruit Inspector."

(b) No certificate of inspection and maturity shall be issued
by an authorized inspector except in a packing house which has been
registered with the Commissioner of Agriculture and whose certifi-
cate of registration has not been revoked.

(c) Paragraph (b) of this regulation applies also to oranges,
grapefruit or tangerines imported from the Isle of Pines or elsewhere.












e (d) FORM OF CERTIFICATE


STATE OF FLORIDA

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

CITRUS FRUIT INSPECTION

NATHAN MAYO CERTIFICATE No..........
Commissioner
Date .......... 193. . Time ........ Pkg. Hse. Registr. No.
Inspection Point .............. County .......... Dist. No ......
Shipper .............................. A address ..................
For
Shipment Car Initials & No. ........... Truck Destination........
In Truck ........ Lic. No ....... State ..... Trailer No.......
Truck Owner ........................ A address ..................
This certificate is issued under authority of chapter 16854, Laws of
Florida, Acts of 1935. Inspections made and grades certified hereto are
in accordance with the Citrus Standards of the U. S. Dept. of Agri.,
which were adopted as state standards by the Florida Citrus Com-
mission.
P products .......................................................

Loading .......................................................
(If Boat Shipment Write "For Boat" and State Boat Loading Point)

P ack ..........................................................
Size ...........................................................
Quality and Condition:
F irm ness ......................................................
Shape .........................................................
C olor ................... ...................... .................
D iscoloration ...................................................
Texture & Skin ................................................
Defects ........................................................
Grade .........................................................

JUICE CONTENT AND MATURITY TEST:
Grapefruit: 23, 36. 46. 5,1 64, 70. 80, 96, 126, 150, c.c.
Required To Pass 290 270 255 235 212 195 185 165 140 120
Oranee: Gallons Acid Totl Solid Ratio Tangerines Acid [ Total Solid Ratio
Per Buo Ix
R em arks .......................................................
N o. Boxes ...................... Total ........ Insp. Fee $.......
Grapefruit Oranges Tangerines
,Advertising Assessments: $...... $...... $...... Total Adv. $......
Grapefruit Oranges Tangerines
............................. ....... . Inspector.
INSTRUCTIONS TO INSPECTORS-Make five copies of this certificate.
Mail first (original) copy to Commissioner of Agriculture, Winter
Haven, Florida. Give second copy to truck driver or transportation
company. Give third copy to owner of fruit. Give fourth copy to trans-
portation company to accompany way bill, and retain fifth copy for
your own use.