• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Title Page
 Preface
 Introduction
 Acknowledgement
 List of countries
 List of keywords
 Keyword glossary
 Main














Title: Women in agriculture in the developing world
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00080513/00003
 Material Information
Title: Women in agriculture in the developing world databasebibliography
Physical Description: 7 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gearing, Jean
Reboussin, Dan
Spring, Anita
University of Florida -- Women in Agriculture Program
Publisher: Women in Agriculture Program, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fl
Publication Date: 1986
 Subjects
Subject: Women in agriculture -- Bibliography -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Agricultural systems -- Bibliography -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Bibliography -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Women in rural development -- Bibliography -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Women agricultural laborers -- Bibliography -- Developing countries   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Technology transfer -- Bibliography   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Summary: "A selected bibliography focusing on women in agricultural production; farming systems research and extension; gender issues and intra-household dynamics; and women in agricultural development. Also available on computer disk for use with the PFS; File Program."
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by Jean Gearing with assistance from Dan Reboussin ... et al. ; supervised by Anita Spring.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00080513
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001842531
oclc - 31687395
notis - AJR6770

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Preface
        Preface
    Introduction
        Introduction
    Acknowledgement
        Acknowledgement
    List of countries
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    List of keywords
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Keyword glossary
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Main
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text








WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD


APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY


WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE PROGRAM
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida


1986


r




















WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
DATABASE/BIBLIOGRAPHY









A selected bibliography focusing on appropriate technology and women
in agricultural production; farming systems research and extension;
gender issues and intra-household dynamics; and women in
agricultural development. Also available on computer disk for use
with the PFS:File Program.









Prepared by
Jean Gearing

with assistance from
Dan Reboussin, Barbara Rogers, Lois Stanford, and Darla Wilkes

Supervised by
Anita Spring


WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE PROGRAM
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL


1986










Gender and Development in Cultural Context. 1986.
Prepared by: Ellen C. K. Johnson
Women and International Development: Multidisciplinary Curriculum Guides, #2
Office of Women in International Development
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Champaign, II
Abbreviated: CG#2










THE WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE PROGRAM


The purpose of the Women in Agriculture (WIA) Program at the University
of Florida is to promote an understanding of gender and its effects on
agriculture in a variety of contexts. The Program aims to support and to
develop faculty and student expertise related to the roles of women and
intra-household dynamics in agricultural production, research, and extension.
The Program is based on the recognition that women are critical to
agricultural production all over the world. Access to resources and research
technologies may be constrained by gender and may lead to detrimental effects
on the development and implementation of sound agricultural programs. It is
important to understand these constraints and how they vary by region and by
country in order to design and to implement agricultural programs that are
equitable to participants and that yield appropriate returns to the resources
invested.

Program activities are designed to build on the interest and experience
of a broad, interdisciplinary constituency of faculty and of students
concerned with these topics in both international and domestic contexts. WIA
Program activities for 1985-86 included a major international conference on
"Gender Issues in Farming Systems Research and Extension;" a seminar series of
relevant speakers; strengthening on-campus courses; preparing this
bibliography/database on women in agriculture; and developing faculty and
student awareness and expertise.


DIRECTOR


CO-DIRECTOR


Anita Spring


STEERING COMMITTEE

Elizabeth Bolton
Kathleen Delate'
Jean Gearing
Christina Gladwin
Della McMillan
Susan Poats
Barbara Rogers
Marianne Schmink
Anita Spring


Marianne Schmink


ADVISORY BOARD

Chris Andrew
H. Russell Bernard
Ken Buhr
Hunt Davis
-Madelyn Lockhart
Terry McCoy
Hugh Popenoe
Helen Safa
Doris Tichenor
E.T. York


BIBLIOGRAPHY TASK FORCE


Jean Gearing
Dan Reboussin


Susan Poats
Anita Spring










INTRODUCTION


The Women in Agriculture Program bibliography/database began in 1984-85
as an inventory of materials in the private libraries and files of members of
the Steering Committee and of materials on file at the Farming Systems Support
Project. The bibliography/database was expanded in 1985-86 to include
materials found through a computerized search of the Agricola and CAB
abstracts. Items taken from this computer search were restricted to those
written in English focusing primarily on women in all aspects of agricultural
production and women in farming systems in developing countries; secondarily,
the topic women in rural development was considered. The abstracts of the
citations from Agricola and CAB are located in a loose-leaf file. Other items
found through this computer search that are not in English or that focus on
the United States, Canada, or Europe, are also available for reference.

Additional items for the bibliography/database were taken from previously
published or circulated bibliographies found in Anita Spring's private
collection and from the Women in Agriculture Library. Again, items selected
for inclusion were written in English and focused on women in agricultural
production, farming systems research and extension, gender issues in
agriculture, and intra-household dynamics, and women in rural development,
primarily in developing countries.

Unpublished items were included in the bibliography/database if they are
located on the University of Florida campus or if duplicates can be obtained
upon request from the collection housing them. Requests for items from the
other bibliographies consulted should be directed to the appropriate library
housing them. A list of the biblographies consulted is including in the List
of Locations.

Items were entered into the bibliography/ database using PFS:file
(Software Publishing Company) on an Apple lie personal computer. The program
is also available for IBM and IBM-compatible computers. Each item was entered
with the following format:

Line #: Category:

1-3: Author (Last Name, First Name, Middle Initial)
4: Date Published or Presented
5-8: Title
9-12: Publication or Presentation Information
13-14: Country (Continent, Country)
15-17: Keywords (Topics)
18: Location (University of Florida campus or Source Bibliography).

Using the PFS:File Program, one can retrieve an item or list of items by
any category or combination of separate categories; items can also be sorted
alphabetically. Lists of locations, countries, keywords, and a keyword
glossary follow this introduction. All items pertaining to Africa and to Latin
America/the Caribbean have been printed out from the complete bibliography/
database and are available at the Center for African Studies, the Center for
Latin American Studies, or the Women in Agriculture Library. Copies of the










complete bibliography/database printout are available at International
Programs, Hume Library (IFAS), Library West, and the Women in Agriculture
Library. Complete sets of computer disks containing the database are available
at all sites mentioned above.

The Women in Agriculture Bibliography/ Database is envisioned as an
on-going project of the Women in Agriculture Program. Use of a computer
database program enables users to continually update and add to the
bibliography. The Women in Agriculture Program would appreciate users sending
in new items for the bibliography/database in disk or printed form as they
encounter them.







Acknowledgements


The Women in Agriculture Program Bibliography/Database has been a
cooperative effort involving much hard work by many dedicated people. Anita
Spring began, directed, and encouraged the entire effort, and lent her
expertise to sorting and classifying items. Susan Poats and Dan Reboussin of
the Farming Systems Support Project made a major contribution through
inventorying and compiling a bibliography of farming systems materials and
women in agriculture. Ann King of Hume Library, with Susan Almy, ran the
Agricola and CAB computer searches. Ray Jones, Colleen Seale, and Delores
Jenkins of Library West provided further consulting on computer searches and
the library's acquisitions in the related subject areas. Lois Stanford and
Barbara Rogers began the process of entering items into the computer. Darla
Wilkes did the initial sort of the Agricola/CAB materials, then assisted in
data entry, printing, and innumerable other ways. Ellen C. Ham and Victor
Marrero helped prepare the CAB/Agricola materials for data entry and performed
many useful errands on behalf of the bibliography/database project. Scott
Owens in the Office of Instructional Resources was in charge of duplication.











LIST OF COUNTRIES


Third World General


Africa:
Botswana
Burkina Faso (Upper Volta)
Cameroon
Chad
Ethiopia
Gambia
Ghana
Ivory Coast
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Morocco
Mozambique
Nigeria
Niger Republic (Niger)
Sahel
Sierra Leone
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Tunisia
Uganda
Zaire
Zambia
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)


Asia:
Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Burma
Cambodia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea
Laos










Asia:
Malaysia
Nepal
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Thailand
Tibet
U.S.S.R.
Vietnam


Caribbean:
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Guyana
Haiti
Jamaica
Puerto Rico
St. Lucia
St. Vincent
Trinidad and Tobago


Europe
Hungary
Sweden
Yugoslavia


Latin America:
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Surinam
Uruguay











Middle East:
Egypt
Iran
Israel
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey


North America:
Canada
United States (USA):
Florida


Pacific:
Australia
Fiji
Papua New Guinea
Samoa














LIST OF KEYWORDS


A:
Agrarian reform, agroforestry, agroindustry, AID, Andes, annotated
bibliography, appropriate technology, atlas, ATRCW

B:
Budgets

C:
Capitalism, CARDI, case study, cassava, census, cereals, CGIAR, CID,
cocoa, class, collected articles, collectives, colonization,
commercialization, comparison, conference, cooperatives, crafts, credit, CRSP
D:
Decision-making, demography, desertification, directory,
distribution, domestics

E:
Ecology, economic participation, education, employment, energy,
evaluation, extension

F:
Family, famine, FAO, farmwomen, female heads, feminism, fertility,
fishing, food, FSR, fuelwood


Gathering, gender issues, grassroots


Harvesting, health, history, home economics, horticulture, household

I:
IARC, ILO, impact, income generation, indigenes, industrialization,
informal sector, integration, intensification, international aid, irrigation

L:
Labor, landlessness, land tenure, law, literature review, livestock

M:
Management, marketing, market women, mechanization, methods,
migration, modernization



















New home economics, newsletter, nutrition


Organizations


P:
Participation, pastoralism, patriarchy, peasants, planning,
plantations, political economy, politics, policy, population, preparation,
preservation, processing, production, proletarianization, proposal

R:
Refugees, research, resettlement, resources, resource guide, rice,
role, rural development

S:
SDL, SECID, services, small farms, social change, socialism, special
issue, statistics, status, storage, subsistence


tubers

U:


Technology, theory, time allocation, tobacco, trading, training,



UN, unemployment, urban


WAND, waste, water, WCARRD, WIA (general), WID (general), work,
World Bank










KEYWORD GLOSSARY


Unless otherwise noted, each keyword refers to discussions, theoretical
analyses, or case studies in book, monograph, or article form on that subject.



A:

AGRARIAN REFORM
Land reform, directed changes in agrarian structure, attempts to improve
conditions or status of rural workers/peasants, especially women; effects of
agrarian reform on women in agriculture.

AGROFORESTRY
Women's involvement in tree crops or forestry; women-in-development
projects or programs designed to increase or facilitate women's involvement in
tree crops or forestry.

AGROINDUSTRY
Women workers in agricultural industries: conditions of work, impact on
women's status or role, effects on rural areas, etc.; used synonymously with
agribusiness.

AID
United States Agency for International Development; AID sponsored or
funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluations, conference, etc.

ANDES
Pertaining to the Andean regions of these Latin American countries:
Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile.

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
Entry is an annotated bibliography of items relating to women in
agricultural production/ farming systems, rural women, women and development,
or rural development.

APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
Women and appropriate technology with an emphasis on technology for
agricultural production, processing, storage, distribution, marketing, or food
preparation; women-in-development projects or programs with a focus on
appropriate technology.

ATLAS
Entry is an atlas relating to women in agriculture, rural women, women
and development, rural development, or women in the Third World.

ATRCW
African Training and Research Center for Women.












BUDGETS
Women's role in formulating and administrating household financial
budgets.



C:

CAPITALISM
The capitalist system and its relationship to women in agricultural
production/ farming systems, especially the penetration of the capitalist
system into peasant or aboriginal economies.

CARD
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute; CARDI
sponsored or funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluations, conference, etc.

CASE STUDY
Entry is a case study of a particular culture, historical period, or
development project, emphasizing women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or women as farmers/ rural workers.

CASSAVA
Relates to the growing of cassava as a major crop; women's role in
cassava farming systems.

CENSUS
Entry contains census data relating to women in agriculture, women in
development, rural women, or women in the Third World.

CEREALS
Relates to the growing of cereals as major crops; women's role in cereals
farming systems.

CGIAR
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research: group
organization of the IARCs, International Agricultural Research Centers.

CID
Consortium for International Development. (University of Arizona,
Tucson); CID sponsored or funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluation,
conference, etc.

CLASS
Class as a significant variable for the study of in women in agricultural
production/ farming systems, intra-household dynamics, women in development,
or rural development.

COCOA
Relates to the growing of cocoa as a major crop; women's role in cocoa
farming systems.










COLLECTED ARTICLES
Entry is a collection of articles by different authors relating to women
in agriculture, women in development, rural development, or women in the Third
World.

COLLECTIVES
Women's role in agricultural collectives or collective farms, the effects
of the transition to collective farming systems on women in agricultural
production/ farming systems or on intra-household dynamics..

COLONIZATION
The impact or effects of colonization on women in agricultural
production/ farming systems or on women in rural societies. Historical and
contemporary.

COMMERCIALIZATION
The impact or effects of the shift from subsistence or peasant
agriculture to commercial farming on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or on women in rural societies. Historical and contemporary.

COMPARISON
Entry is a comparison between different cultures, different historical
periods, or different geographic areas of women-in-development programs,
projects, or policies; of women in agricultural production/ farming systems;
or of women's role(s) in rural society .

CONFERENCE
Entry is collected papers, proceedings, or unpublished papers presented
at a conference.

COOPERATIVES
Women's roles or involvement in agricultural cooperatives in all aspects
of agricultural production, processing, distribution, marketing, i.e.
marketing cooperatives.

CRAFTS
Women's production of traditional crafts from agricultural products; or
women-in-development projects emphasizing craft production.

CREDIT
Credit for women farmers or rural women in general; discrimination
against women applying for credit; women-in-development projects designed to
improve women's access to credit.

CRSP
Collaborative Research Support Program.













DECISION-MAKING
Women and decision-making in agricultural production/ farming systems;
decision-making and intra-household dynamics; methods of studying
decision-making.

DEMOGRAPHY
Demographic materials on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems, rural women, or women in the Third World; demographic methodology.

DESERTIFICATION
The relationship between women's role in agricultural production/ farming
systems and desertification; impact of desertification on women in
agricultural production/ farming systems or rural women; development projects
designed to ameliorate or reverse the process of desertification that have
women farmers/ rural workers as a target group.

DIRECTORY
Entry is a directory, information or resource guide relating to women in
agriculture, women in development, rural development or women in the Third
World.

DISTRIBUTION
Women and the distribution of agricultural resources (land, inputs,
labor) or agricultural products (edible or inedible); or women and the
distribution of food.

DOMESTICS
Women as paid domestic workers, primarily in the household.



E:

ECOLOGY
An ecological approach or emphasis on ecological variables in the study
of women in agricultural production/ farming systems; the impact or effects of
women in agricultural production/ farming systems on the ecology.

ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION
Women's participation in the economy, with an emphasis on their
contributions to the agricultural sector as farmers, agricultural laborers,
rural workers, etc.; women-in-development projects designed to enhance women's
participation in the economy through their involvement in agriculture.

EDUCATION
Formal or non-formal education relating to women in agriculture, women in
development, rural development, or women in the Third World, with an emphasis
on agricultural education.










EMPLOYMENT
Women's employment in agricultural production, as farmers, agricultural
laborers, rural workers, market women, etc.; effects of women's employment
outside the home on household production; women -in-development projects
designed to enhance women's employment in agriculture.

ENERGY
Women's energy needs or energy use in agricultural production,
processing, or food preparation; development programs designed to meet energy
needs of rural women; impact or effects of women's energy needs on the
environment; the dietary energy requirements (calories/nutrition) of women
farmers/ rural workers.

EVALUATION
Entry is an evaluation of a project, program or proposal concerning some
aspect of women in agriculture or women and rural development.

EXTENSION
Agricultural or home economics extension projects or programs for women,
by women, or neglecting women.



F:

FAMILY
Relationships between women's role(s) in the family and women's role(s)
in agricultural production/ farming systems or relationships between the
family and rural development.

FAMINE
The relationship between women in agricultural production/ farming
systems and famine; development projects or programs designed to prevent
famine or hunger by supporting or enhancing women in agricultural production/
farming systems.

FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; FAO sponsored or
funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluation, conference, etc.

FARMWOMEN
The roles of women on family farms as farmers, managers, farmwives, etc.

FEMALE HEADS
Female-headed households as an important variable or target group in the
study of women in agricultural production/ farming systems or rural
development; development projects or programs aimed specifically at female
headed households.

FEMINISM
Feminism and women in agricultural production/ farming systems or
intra-household dynamics; feminism and women in development; feminism as a
theoretical basis for studies of women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or intra-household dynamics.











FERTILITY
The relationship between fertility and women's participation in
agricultural production/ farming systems or rural development.

FISHING
Women's involvement in fishing or the marketing of fish.

FOOD
Relationship between women's role in agricultural production/ farming
systems and food production; women as processors, preparers, distributors, and
marketers of food.

FSR
Farming Systems Research emphasizing women's roles in agricultural
production or gender issues in intra-household dynamics; studies using the
farming systems approach; farming systems methodology.

FUELWOOD
Women's role in fuelwood procurement or use; the relationship between
access to fuelwood and women's other roles in agricultural production/ farming
systems or rural development; impact of fuelwood gathering on the ecology.



G:

GATHERING:
Women's role(s) in hunting and gathering societies; the contribution of
gathering to a culture's subsistence base; the evolution of gathering to
horticulture; gathering and women's status.

GENDER ISSUES (GENDER):
Gender as a significant variable in the study of women in agricultural
production/ farming systems, intra-household dynamics, or rural development;
discrimination against women as farmers or in rural development projects on
the basis of gender; international or domestic projects, programs or materials
aimed at increasing awareness of gender as a significant variable in farming
systems or development.

GRASSROOTS:
Organizations or associations of women in agricultural production,
processing, distribution, marketing, or food preparation or rural development
formed at the community or neighborhood level, rather than those organized in
a top-down manner.













HARVESTING
Women's role in harvesting or post-harvesting activities.

HEALTH
Health as a significant variable in the study of women in agricultural
production/ farming systems or rural development; e.g. women farmers' exposure
to pesticides and effects on health; seasonality of health problems of
agriculturalists.

HISTORY
Historical description of women in agricultural production/ farming
systems, intra-household dynamics, or rural societies.

HOME ECONOMICS
Home economics programs focusing on women in agricultural production or
agriculture-related activities (processing, food preparation); home economics
and rural development/ women-in- development programs, projects, and policies.

HORTICULTURE
Women in horticulture; women-in-development projects or programs
emphasizing horticulture (gardening).

HOUSEHOLD
The household as a significant variable in the study of women in
agricultural production/ farming systems, women in development, or rural
development; intra-household dynamics and farming systems or rural
development; women's role(s) in the household and in agriculture; the role of
the household in farming systems research and extension.



I:

IARC
International Agricultural Research Center; IARC sponsored or funded
projects, analysis, policy, evaluation, conference, etc.

ILO
International Labour (or Labor) Organization or Office; ILO sponsored or
funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluations, conference, etc.

IMPACT
The impact of development programs on women, especially on women in
agricultural production/ farming systems or in rural societies.

INCOME GENERATION
Projects, programs, or policies aimed at developing income generation
opportunities for women in agricultural production or rural areas; income
generation opportunities relating to women's roles in agricultural production,
processing, distribution, marketing, or food preparation.










INDIGENES
Women in agricultural production/ farming systems in indigenous or
aboriginal cultures.

INDUSTRIALIZATION
The impact of industrialization on women in agricultural production/
farming systems or on rural development. Historical and contemporary.

INFORMAL SECTOR
Women's participation in the informal sector as a consequence or
corollary to women's role in agricultural production, processing,
distribution, marketing, or food preparation; women-in-development programs
that focus on women's participation in the informal sector.

INTEGRATION
Efforts to integrate women into agricultural or rural development
programs or projects; integration of women into the national machinery of
development.

INTENSIFICATION
The relationship between agricultural intensification and women in
agricultural production/ farming systems. Historical and contemporary.

INTERNATIONAL AID
International aid programs focusing on women in agricultural production/
farming systems or rural development; effects of receiving international aid
on women in agricultural production/ farming systems or in rural societies.
Includes governmental and non-governmental donor agencies.

IRRI
International Rice Research Institute, located in the Philippines, one of
several IARCs; IRRI sponsored or funded project, analysis, policy, evaluation,
conference, etc.

IRRIGATION
The effects of the introduction or improvement of irrigation, or
increased access or other changes in patterns of irrigation use on women in
agricultural production/farming systems. Development programs or projects
focused on irrigation and their impact on women.



L:

LABOR
Women's labor in agricultural production, processing, distribution,
marketing or food preparation; relationship between labor markets or labor
demand and women's involvement in agriculture; labor conditions of women in
agriculture.

LANDLESSNESS
Women in agricultural production/ farming systems as landless laborers or
rural workers.










LAND TENURE
Systems of land tenure and women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or rural development.

LAW
The relationship between a society's legal system or laws and women in
agricultural production/ farming systems or rural development, including land
tenure rights, inheritance, access to credit, etc.

LITERATURE REVIEW
Entry is a review of the literature.

LIVESTOCK
Women's role in livestock production or animal husbandry; women-
in-development projects or programs focusing on women's involvement in
livestock production or animal husbandry.



M:

MANAGEMENT
Women as farm managers; women in management in agriculture; development
programs or projects designed to integrate women into management in
agriculture.

MARKETING
Women's and the marketing of agricultural products.

MARKET WOMEN
The roles and behavior of market women, including the key role of market
women in distribution networks, the informal sector, and income generation.

MECHANIZATION
The impact of mechanization on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems. Historical and contemporary.

METHODS
Entry is a discussion of research or evaluation methods used in studies
of women in agricultural production/ farming systems, intra-household
dynamics, or gender issues.

MIGRATION
Migration as a significant variable in the study of women in agricultural
production/ farming systems, intra-household dynamics, or rural development,
including the effects of the out-migration of men from rural areas on women's
involvement in agricultural production.

MODERNIZATION
Impact of modernization on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or rural development; modernization theory and women- in-development
projects, programs, and policies.












NEW HOME ECONOMICS
Micro economic studies of the household; theory of household economics.

NEWSLETTER
Entry is a newsletter whose content pertains to women in agriculture,
women and farming systems, women and development, rural development and women,
or women in the Third World.

NUTRITION
The relationship between women in agricultural production/farming systems
and nutrition; intra-household dynamics and nutritional status of household
members in rural societies; nutritional status of agricultural workers.



0:

ORGANIZATIONS
Any organization or association either of women or for women in
agriculture, rural development, or in the Third World (with an emphasis on
rural women or women in agricultural production). Includes organizations that
are: formal or informal, grassroots, government, or agency sponsored, and
organizations or associations that are a part of women-in-development programs
or projects.



P:

PARTICIPATION
Refers to development programs, projects, or policies that stress the
active participation of the target group/recipients in program design,
implementation, administration, or evaluation activities.

PASTORALISM
Women's role in pastoralist societies. Historical and contemporary.

PATRIARCHY
Theoretical concept relating to male dominance and control over women,
the valuation of men and male activities as superior to women and female
activities, and the impact or effects of patriarchy in society on women in
agricultural production/ farming systems, and rural development.

PEASANTS
Individuals and societies whose productive activities are oriented to a
subsistence and a market economy simultaneously; women in peasant societies..

PLANNING
Planning of women in agricultural or rural development projects/
programs; integration of women into national development planning.










PLANTATIONS
Women in plantation agriculture; working conditions of female plantation
workers; relationship between the household and plantation agriculture.

POLITICAL ECONOMY
Particular style of research and theoretical analysis which stresses
examination of the relationship to the mode of production (class) and
historical determinism in studies of women in agriculture; Marxist social
science.

POLITICS
The relationship of politics or political processes to women in
agricultural production/ farming systems or rural development; internal
politics of women's organizations related to women in agriculture or women in
development; internal politics of international donor agencies and governments
related to women in agriculture/development or gender issues.

POLICY
Policy of governments, non-governmental organizations, activist groups
relating to women in agriculture, women in development, or rural development.

POPULATION
Population (size, structure, dynamics) as a significant variable in
studies or analysis of women in agricultural production or rural development;
policy about population, women in development programs, and agricultural
development; the impact of changes in women's role in agricultural production
on population.

PREPARATION
Women's role in food preparation; energy requirements, ecological impact,
and nutritional aspects of methods of food preparation; sexual division of
labor of food preparation tasks; food preparation and income generation for
rural women.

PROCESSING
Women's role in processing of agricultural products into usable goods,
including both edible and inedible products, i.e. husking grain, tanning
leather, weaving baskets, etc. After processing, edible product may then be
ready to be prepared for consumption (cooked, preserved, etc.).

PRODUCTION
Women's role(s) in all phases or aspects of agricultural production.

PROLETARIANIZATION
The transformation of peasant farmers, especially women, into
agricultural or industrial wage laborers.

PROPOSAL
Entry is a proposal of a research project or development program/ project
relating to women in agriculture, farming systems, women in development, rural
development.












REFUGEES
The impact of refugee status on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or on women in development.

RESEARCH
Entry is a discussion or evaluation of research conducted on women in
agricultural production/ farming systems, intra- household dynamics, or in
development programs; review of methods.

RESETTLEMENT
The impact of resettlement projects, programs or policies on women in
agricultural production/farming systems, on intra-household dynamics or
women's role in rural society.

RESOURCES
Women's access or control over resources necessary for agricultural
production, processing, distribution, marketing; impact of women in
agricultural production on state of natural resources, i.e. water, land,
forests, as well as other inputs, i.e. fertilizer, pesticides, technology.

RESOURCE GUIDE
Guide or directory to resources international and national
governmental and non-governmental agencies and organizations; funding sources;
libraries, etc. about women in agricultural production/ farming systems, women
in development, rural women.

RICE
Relates to the growing of rice as a major crop; women's role in rice
farming systems.

ROLE
Women's role in agricultural production, processing, distribution,
marketing, or food preparation; women's role in the household or rural society
in general. Historical and contemporary.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Women's participation in rural development; impact of rural development
on women; rural development projects, programs or policies and women.



S:

SDL
Sexual division of labor in: the household; farming systems, agricultural
production, processing, distribution, marketing, food preparation; rural
development programs or projects; effects of the sexual division of labor on
women's participation in agricultural production or role and status in rural
society. Theoretical discussion/analysis of the importance of the sexual
division of labor in the creation of patriarchy.











SECID
Southeastern Consortium for International Development; SECID sponsored or
funded projects, analysis, policy, evaluation, conference, etc.

SERVICES
Delivery of social, educational, agricultural services to rural women or
women farmers as a specific target group; women in development programs,
projects or policies oriented at improving rural women/women farmer's access
to and quality of such services.

SMALL FARMS
Women's role in small farms/ farming systems; intra-household dynamics
and small farms; women as operators of small farms.

SOCIAL CHANGE
Social change and women in agricultural production/ farming systems,
women in development, rural society in general. Positive as well as negative
change. Historical and contemporary.

SOCIALISM
Women and agriculture under socialist systems of government; impact of
socialist agricultural policies on women's involvement in agricultural
production; role and status of women in socialist agriculture.

SPECIAL ISSUE
Entry is a special issue of a journal devoted to women in agriculture or
women in development with an emphasis on agriculture/farming systems; any
discipline. Historical and contemporary.

STATISTICS
Statistics on women's participation in agriculture (labor, productivity,
output, etc.), women and development, women in the Third World/rural
societies.

STATUS
Women's status in rural societies or the effects on women's status of
participation in agricultural production, processing, distribution, marketing,
food preparation, etc..

STORAGE
Women's role in storing agricultural products both edible and inedible;
includes construction of cribs, barns, methods of drying or processing
products for storage (overlaps with processing); women's control over stored
products (overlaps with distribution).

SUBSISTENCE
Women's role in subsistence production/ farming systems; comparisons
between subsistence and commercial agriculture.














TECHNOLOGY
Women and agricultural technology; access to improved technology;
negative and positive impacts of technological change on women's in
agricultural production; women-in-development projects, programs or policies
that focus on women and agricultural technology.

THEORY
Entry is a theoretical analysis or discussion of some issue related to
women in agricultural production/ farming systems or intra-household dynamics,
women in development, or rural development.

TIME ALLOCATION
Time allocation in the household as a way of measuring women's
contributions to agricultural or household production; time allocation
methodology.

TOBACCO
Relates to the growing of tobacco as a major crop; women's role in
tobacco farming systems.

TRADING
Women and agricultural trading, both wholesale and retail, edible and
inedible agricultural products.

TRAINING
Training programs for women in any aspect of agricultural production,
processing, distribution, marketing, etc.; or training programs for men or
women working in agricultural extension/education with women farmers; or
training programs to heighten awareness of gender issues in
agriculture/farming systems.

TUBERS
Relates to the growing of tubers (potatoes, yams, etc.) as a major crop;
women's role in tubers farming systems.



U:

UN
United Nations; UN sponsored or funded project, analysis, policy,
evaluation, conference, etc. Includes subsidiary UN organizations, such as UNDP
(United Nations Development Program), UNESCO (United Nations Educational,
Scientific, and Cultural Organization), UNICEF (United Nations Children's
Emergency Fund), WHO (World Health Organization), etc.

UNEMPLOYMENT
Impact of unemployment on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or in rural societies.

URBAN
Impact of urbanization on women in agricultural production/ farming
systems or in rural societies.













WAND
Women and National Development Unit, University of the West Indies, Cave
Hill Campus, Barbados.

WASTE
Involvement of women in waste disposal, including household as well as
agricultural waste; women-in-development programs or projects focused on
improving waste disposal systems in rural societies and women's access to
them.

WATER
Women and access to water for agricultural production or household needs;
women's roles in procuring, controlling, or distributing water for
agriculture/the household and. the impact on agricultural production.

WCARRD
World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development.

WIA (GENERAL)
Discussion or theoretical analysis of women in agricultural production,
processing, distribution, etc. or farming systems in the Third World or the
world in general.

WID (GENERAL)
Discussion or theoretical analysis of women in development, emphasizing
or including women in agriculture or rural women.

WORK
Specifics of women's work in agricultural or household production;
working conditions of women in agriculture.

WORLD BANK
World Bank; World Bank sponsored or funded projects, analysis, policy,
evaluation, conference, etc.






APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
1982
HAS APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY HELPED WOMEN?
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY 9:3.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, WID
MURPHY/WIA


SPECIAL ISSUE.


BANGURA, S. J. B.
1980
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL
WORKSHOP ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, DELFT, SEPT. 4-7, 1979.
DELFT, NETHERLANDS: DELFT UNIVERSITY PRESS, SIJTHOFF & NOORDHOFF INTERNATIONAL
PUBLISHERS.
AFRICA
ATRCW, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, INCOME GENERATION
CAB


BORREMANS, MARILYN
1985
TECHNIQUE AND WOMEN'S TOIL.
EKISTICS 52:94-98.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY.
MS:LIB,6


CARR, MARILYN
1978
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR WOMEN.
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY 9:1: 4-6.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL, AFRICA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CAB


CARR, MARILYN
1982
HAS ANYTHING CHANGED FOR WOMEN?
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY 9:3: 1-4.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
WID, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CAB




CARR, MARILYN
1978
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR AFRICAN WOMEN.
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA: ATRCW, UN ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA.
AFRICA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, EVALUATION, UN
SP:LIB,6, AS:ATRCW,1, CAB






CARR, MARILYN
1985
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY AND RURAL WOMEN: HAS ANYTHING CHANGED?
EKISTICS 52:90-93.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
MS:LIB,6




CARR, MARILYN
1981
TECHNOLOGIES APPROPRIATE FOR WOMEN: THEORY, PRACTICE AND POLICY. PP. 193-203 IN
DAUBER AND CAIN,(EDS.), WOMEN AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE...
BOULDER, CO: WESTVIEW PRESS.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
WIA, WID, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, WATER, POLICY
AS:BOOKS, CHG:LIB, MS:LIB



CARR, MARILYN
1982
WOMEN AND APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY: TWO ESSAYS.
INTERMEDIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT GROUP OCCASIONAL PAPER #5.
AFRICA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, WID
WORLD BANK




DEVELOPMENT ALTERNATIVES, INC. AND AID
1976
STRENGTHENING WOMEN'S ROLES IN DEVELOPMENT (UPPER VOLTA). PROJECT NO. 686-0211.
WASHINGTON, D.C.: SAID OFFICE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT.
AFRICA, BURKINA FASO
WID, AID, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, EXTENSION, INCOME GENERATION
VAVRUS




ELMENDORF, MARY AND P. BUCKLES
1980
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION: SOCIOCULTURAL ASPECTS OF
WATER SUPPLY AND EXCRETA DISPOSAL.
WASHINGTON, D.C.: WORLD BANK.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, SANITATION, WATER
GEOBIB



FAO
1978
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY AND WOMEN.
ROME: FAO.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
VAVRUS






FAO
1975
LABOUR-SAVING IDEAS, SERIES 2, RURAL HOME TECHNIQUES, VOL. 4
UNPUBLISHED REFERENCE MATERIALS. ROME:FAO.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
FAO,APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY,PROCESSING, WATER, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, EDUCATION
AS:FAO




FLORA, CORNELIA BUTLER
1985
FINAL REPORT (EVALUATION) APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR RURAL WOMEN PROJECT,
INTERAMERICAN COMMISSION OF WOMEN, OAS.
UNPUBLISHED DRAFT.
LATIN AMERICA, BOLIVIA, ECUADOR
EVALUATION,APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
MS:LIB,6


GANAPATHY, R.S.,(ED.)
1981
AGRICULTURE, RURAL ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT.
ANN ARBOR, MI: GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, UNIVERSITY OF
MICHIGAN.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
WID, TECHNOLOGY, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, WIA, IMPACT
CAB


GARRETT, PATRICIA M.
1985
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR SMALLHOLDERS: SOME IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL
STRATIFICATION AND MULTIPLE ENTERPRISES FOR FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE ?
LATIN AMERICA, ECUADOR
HOUSEHOLDS, FSR, PRODUCTION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, LIVESTOCK
MS:LIB,1


HAITE, D. ET AL.
1983
WORKSHOP ON WOMEN IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. AWASSA, ETHIOPIA, JUNE 26.
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA: FAO.
AFRICA, ETHIOPIA
WIA, ENERGY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, COOPERATIVES, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, NUTRITION,
FUELWOOD
CAB


HEMMINGS-GAPIHAN, GRACE S.
1981
BASELINE STUDY FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF TANGAYE SOLAR SITE. IN DAUBER
AND CAIN, (EDS.) WOMEN AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
BOULDER, CO: WESTVIEW PRESS.
AFRICA, BURKINA FASO
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, PROCESSING
AS:BOOKS, CHG:LIB, MS:LIB






IWTC (INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S TRIBUNE CENTER)
1984
WOMEN TAKING HOLD OF TECHNOLOGY. A COLLECTION OF IWTC NEWSLETTERS ON WOMEN AND
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY ISSUES.
NEW YORK, N.Y.: INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S TRIBUNE CENTER.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CHG:LIB



JEDLICKA, ALLEN
N.D.
THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY TO WOMEN: SOME ISSUES TO CONSIDER.
WASHINGTON, D.C.: ACTION/PEACE CORPS.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
VAVRUS




JEDLICKA, ALLEN
1975
DIFFUSION OF TECHNICAL INNOVATION: A BASE FOR THE NON SEXIST APPROACH AMONG
RURAL VILLAGERS.
PRESENTED TO THE SEMINAR ON WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT SPONSORED BY THE AMERICAN
ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, UNDP, UNITAR, MEXICO CITY.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
GEOBIB


KI-ZERBO, JACQUELINE
1986
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES FOR WOMEN OF THE SAHEL.PP..167-178 IN CREEVEY, (ED.),
WOMEN FARMERS IN AFRICA.
SYRACUSE, N.Y.: SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
AFRICA, SAHEL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
AS:BOOKS



LINDBLAD, C.J.
1981
THE POTENTIAL FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES IN THE RURAL POST-HARVEST FOOD
SYSTEM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
AID RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACTS 9:4: 63. WASHINGTON, D.C.: SAID.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
HARVESTING, PROCESSING, TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CAB



LISSNER, LAUREN
1980
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES FOR RURAL WOMEN AND FAMILIES.
ROME: FAO.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, BIBLIOGRAPHY, SMALL FARMS, WIA
CAB






LISSNER, LAUREN
1978
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF LITERATURE ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY AND WOMEN.
ROME: FAO.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
EXTENSION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, HOME ECONOMICS, BIBLIOGRAPHY
VAVRUS


MCDOWELL, JIM, (ED.)
1976
VILLAGE TECHNOLOGY IN EASTERN AFRICA, A REPORT OF A UNICEF SPONSORED REGIONAL
SEMINAR ON "SIMPLE TECHNOLOGY FOR THE RURAL FAMILY".
HELD IN NAIROBI, JUNE 14-19. NAIROBI, KENYA, UNICEF EASTERN AFRICA REGIONAL
OFFICE.
AFRICA
RURAL DEVELOPMENT, WIA,WID, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
AS:AFRICA


MEALS FOR MILLIONS/FREEDOM FROM HUNGER FOUNDATION
1984
SMALL SOLAR DRYERS FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES: A GUIDE TO CONSTRUCTION AND USE.
BARBADOS: WAND; TECHNOLOGY AND ENERGY UNI, CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT BANK, APRIL.
CARIBBEAN
PROCESSING,APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, WAND
AS:CARIB.




MUNOZ, ANGELINA R.
1979
THE PHILIPPINES EXPERIENCE ON SMALL FARMER DEVELOPMENT.
ROME: FAO.
ASIA, PHILIPPINES
TRAINING, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, SMALL FARMS, HARVESTING
CAB


NJI, A.
1980
TECHNOLOGY, WOMEN, AGRICULTURE AND
APPROTECH 3: 2/3: 3-8.
AFRICA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, WIA, RURAL
GEOBIB, CAB


RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA.


DEVELOPMENT


O'KELLY, ELIZABETH
1977
THE USE OF APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TO HELP RURAL WOMEN.
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY 4:2: 20-21.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, EXTENSION
CAB






O'KELLY, ELIZABETH AND M. ISLAM
1977
REPORT OF A FEASIBILITY SURVEY OF PRODUCTIVE/INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES FOR
WOMEN IN BANGLADESH. (3 VOLS.)
DACCA, BANGLADESH: UNICEF, WOMEN'S DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME.
ASIA, BANGLADESH
INCOME GENERATION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CAB



O'KELLY, ELIZABETH
1977
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR WOMEN OF THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
PEACE CORPS PROGRAM AND TRAINING JOURNAL 4:6: 10-13.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
LTC




O'KELLY, ELIZABETH
1977
SIMPLE TECHNOLOGIES FOR RURAL WOMEN IN BANGLADESH.
DACCA, BANGLADESH: WOMEN'S DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, UNICEF.
ASIA, BANGLADESH
EVALUATION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
AS:UN; SP:LIB,6, VAVRUS




SMITH, JUDY
1978
SOMETHING OLD, SOMETHING NEW, SOMETHING BORROWED, SOMETHING DUE: WOMEN AND
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY.
WASHINGTON, D.C.: NATIONAL CENTER FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY. NCAT BRIEF 1, #1.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
RDC



SPATF (SOUTH PACIFIC APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION)
N.D.
NATIONAL WOMEN'S WORKSHOP ON APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY: TRADITION-LINKED
TECHNOLOGY.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: SOUTH PACIFIC APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION.
PACIFIC, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
VAVRUS



SRIVASTAVA, J.C.
1985
HARNESSING TECHNOLOGY FOR ELIMINATING THE DRUDGERY OF RURAL WOMEN ENGAGED IN
RICE PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND UTILIZATION. PP.405-418 IN IRRI, WOMEN IN RICE.-
BROOKFIELD, VT: GOWER PUBLISHING CO.
ASIA, INDIA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, PRODUCTION, PROCESSING, RICE
AS:WIALIB






STEVENS, YVETTE
1981
TECHNOLOGIES FOR RURAL WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS IN SIERRA
LEONE. PP. 79-88 IN ILO, RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND WOMEN IN AFRICA.
GENEVA: INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION.
AFRICA, SIERRA LEONE
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
AS:BOOKS


TINKER, IRENE, A. MOLNAR AND H. DANDEKAR
1981
WOMEN AND RURAL ENERGY. PP. 319-60 (SECTION VI) IN GANAPATHY, R.S. (ED.),
AGRICULTURE, RURAL ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT.
ANN ARBOR, MI: GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, UNIVERSITY OF
MICHIGAN.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL, NEPAL, INDIA
ENERGY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, WID, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, PROCESSING
CAB


TINKER, IRENE
1981
NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR FOOD-RELATED ACTIVITIES: AN EQUITY STRATEGY. PP. 51-88 IN
DAUBER AND CAIN (EDS.), WOMEN AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIESo
BOULDER, CO: WESTVIEW PRESS.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
FOOD,PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CHG:LIB, AS:BOOKS



TUCKER, JONATHAN B.
1986
THE LORENA COOKSTOVE: SOLUTION TO THE FUELWOOD CRISIS. PP. 179-188 IN CREEVEY,
(ED.), WOMEN FARMERS IN AFRICA.
SYRACUSE, N.Y.: SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
AFRICA,SAHEL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, FUELWOOD
AS:BOOKS



TURNER, J.H.,(ED.)
1980
LATIN AMERICAN WOMEN: THE MEEK SPEAK OUT.
SILVER SPRING, MD: INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT.
LATIN AMERICA
ROLE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, EDUCATION, APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
CAB




UN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL, CENTER FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND HUMANITARIAN
AFFAIRS
1977
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY FOR COUNTRIES AND THE NEEDS OF RURAL WOMEN.
PREPARED FOR THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON THE APPLICATION OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
TO DEVELOPMENT, VIENNA, MAY 16-20.
THIRD WORLD GENERAL
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT
RDC





UTTERBACK, K.
1983
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY: WOMEN'S RESPONSE TO THE CHITEDZE HAND OPERATED MAIZE
SHELLER.
WIADP. JAN.
AFRICA, MALAWI
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY, WIADP
AS:MALAWI PAPERS FILE



Y.W.C.A. ZAMBIA
1985
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY. PRELIMINARY DIRECTORY FOR ZAMBIA.
LUSAKA, ZAMBIA: Y.W.C.A. ZAMBIA, UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA
AFRICA, ZAMBIA
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
AS:AFRICA




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