Front Cover
 A contented donkey - Something...
 A good coachman needs no whip
 The elephant
 Baby elephants - The camel
 The reindeer
 How the Indians hunt the reind...
 The mischievous monkey
 The rooster
 The turkey
 Poultry - The kind bantam
 The hen and her chickens - A motherly...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Four footed friends series
Title: Feet and wings
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00080490/00001
 Material Information
Title: Feet and wings
Series Title: Four footed friends series
Physical Description: 14 p. : col. ill. ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: McLoughlin Bros., inc ( Publisher )
Publisher: McLoughlin Bros.
Place of Publication: New York
Publication Date: [189-?]
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1895
Genre: fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00080490
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001762467
oclc - 02673815
notis - AJH5624

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    A contented donkey - Something about donkeys
        Page 1
    A good coachman needs no whip
        Page 2
        Page 3
    The elephant
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Baby elephants - The camel
        Page 6
        Page 7
    The reindeer
        Page 8
    How the Indians hunt the reindeer
        Page 9
    The mischievous monkey
        Page 10
    The rooster
        Page 11
    The turkey
        Page 12
    Poultry - The kind bantam
        Page 13
    The hen and her chickens - A motherly rooster
        Page 14
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text


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IF I were not already one,
A donkey I would be;
For oh! it is a happy life,
Contented if not free.
I'm useful, if not beautiful,
I think you will agree
That I am wise whenever I say,
"A donkey's life for me!"
It's true that some folk laugh at me-
I know my ears are long,
I have no voice, but you will find
I'm patient and I'm strong.
The children love me dearly, for
They like to ride on me;
If I'd my choice, I would not change-
A donkey I would be!

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I do the work my master bids,
And never kick or bite;
You never knew me run away,
I don't think it's polite.
Mine is a pleasant busy life,
The farm is home you see;
I'm not a donkey when I say,
"A donkey's life for me!"

A LTHOUGH the donkey is not very
common in this country, it is,
taking the world over, nearly as much in use
as the horse as a beast of burden.
In cold countries it is quite small in size,
and is covered with rough, shaggy hair,
but in warm climates it grows almost as
large as a horse, and has a smooth, glossy
The donkey is not very choice in its diet,
and will eat weeds and thistles that a horse
would not touch. For this reason, as well
as its size, it is much used in Europe by
the poorer classes, who cannot afford to
keep an expensive animal.
The donkey has the name of being
obstinate, and probably deserves it, but
many persons contend that the trait comes
from ill-usage rather than from nature.
It certainly has a good memory and often
shows great intelligence.

The Baldwin Library


Here is a story of one that showed both
obstinacy and a good memory. His master
used to stop regularly at a certain place to
get some beer, and he always gave a little
to the donkey. At length the master turned
teetotaler, and then, of course, it was against
his principles to stop for beer. But the
donkey did not propose to lose his treat on
account of his master's conversion; and
when they came to the usual halting-place,
he would stop, and no amount of beating
would make him go on till he had received
his customary allowance.

W HEN we think of all that the horse
does for us, and reflect on the kind-
ness of the Divine Being in giving us so
strong and noble a creature to be our willing
and patient servant, it seems a most un-
grateful return that it should so often be
cruelly treated, and have so much needless
hardship inflicted upon it
Those who know the horse best say that
it needs neither whip nor spur when it and
its driver understand each other. Yet we
sometimes have to witness the painful
sight of a poor animal receiving an un-
merciful lashing, although it is plainly
straining every nerve to do what is required
of it.
But it is gratifying to. be able to say that
we much oftener have the pleasure of seeing
kind and humane drivers, between whom

and their horses the best terms of friend-
ship seem to exist. Such a one is shown
in the picture on this page. Besides train-
ing his team to advance, back, go to right
or left, or even to turn the van completely
round, without a touch of.the rein or whip,
he had taught them to perform a little trick
which greatly amused onlookers.
Standing in front of the pair, he would
call out, Now, Tom, shake hands! when
instantly the near horse would lift up
his right foot. After a good shake, the
driver would say, "Now the other foot,
Tom!" and at once the left foot went up.
Then he would go to the other horse, and
a similar performance would take place
with him.




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T HIS immense animal is the largest
and strongest of four-footed beasts.
In spite of its great size and strength it
is easly tamed, and when kindly treated
makes an obedient and useful servant. It
is, of course, costly to maintain, and out-
side of India is not much used as a beast
of burden.
The most striking feature of the elephant
is its trunk, which is a continuation of its
nose and upper lip into an appendage some-
what like a tail. It is of the greatest possible
service to the animal, as with it it brings
both food and drink to its mouth, and can
lift immense weights as well as pick up the

smallest objects, such as a single blade
of grass
In intelligence the elephant ranks high
amongst animals, being little, if any, in-
ferior to the dog. An interesting story is
told of one that was employed to haul
timber to build a chapel in India. The
wife of the missionary who had obtained
the loan of the animal saw it fed every day,
lest the food should be stolen by its attendant.
One day the .quantity of rice seemed to be
short, and the lady spoke of it to the at-
tendant. He pretended to be greatly hurt
that she should suspect him of taking the
rice, and loudly denied that he had done
so. The elephant seemed to know what
the talk was about, and while the keeper
was still proclaiming his innocence, slyly
stretched out his trunk, and unfastened the
man's waist-cloth, and shook it out. The
missing rice was spilled out of it, and the
fellow's dishonesty thus exposed.
Another elephant, which is shown in
the picture on this page, displayed its
gratitude toward a soldier who had been in
the habit of giving it a part of his allowance
of liquor, by protecting him from arrest
once when be had become tipsy. The
soldier had fallen beneath the elephant's
body and gone to sleep, and the animal
kept waving its trunk in a threatening
manner at every one that tried to come near
him till he woke up after several hours.



WILD elephants live in herds. When
a herd is traveling the
young ones trot
a'ong between the
forelegs of their '-.
mothers. These
great beasts are
very kind to .their
young. If a lit-
tle one cries the
whole herd is disturbed; if one is tired the
herd halts to let it rest. When a hill has
to be climbed, the mothers help the babies
up carefully. But it is when they come to
a swift river they need most attention.
They would surely be swept down stream
if left alone. But their fathers and mothers
are there. Those too young to swim well,
climb on the backs of the old ones and ride.
The very youngest neither swim nor ride.
They are carried across, some grasped in
the trunk of the mother, some borne on
the tusks of the father, and held above the
surface of the water so they cannot drown.


T HE Arabs call the camel "the ship
of the desert," as it can travel over
hot sandy parts of the earth which no other
animal can cross. Its spreading feet keep
it from sinking in the sand, and it can store

up a supply of water in its stomach so that
it does not suffer from thirst.
Camels have to carry heavy burdens
on their backs, and they are so tall that they
must kneel down to be loaded. They are
trained to do this when quite young, and
the Arab children take part in teaching
them. The little camels are first kept on
their knees for a while every day, a carpet
being placed over them with heavy weights
on its edges, to prevent them from getting
After about four months of this training
they are put together in a large enclosure,
where the chi dren feed them twice a day
with milk When the little camels have
drunk their share, the children touch them
upon the legs wth switches they carry.
Down they all, drop on their knees They
are so obedient that they will soon kneel
or lie down at only a signal from the switch,
just as their little keepers wish.









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T HE reindeer is found in its wild state
in the northern parts of Europe,
Asia, and America. In Lapland it has been
tamed, and there it takes the place of the
horse, the cow, the sheep, and the goat,
for none of these animals could subsist
in that cold land, where the sun does not
rise for months. The reindeer is able to
live upon the lichen, a plant which grows
in those otherwise barren regions. Al-
though this lichen may be deeply covered
with snow, the animal will grub for it with
its snout, as it prefers it to any sort of
dry food,
The uses to which the Laplanders put
the reindeer are very many. It draws the
sledge, laden with heavy burdens, over the
frozen snow, swifter than any horse could
gallop. The people live largely on its milk;
the flesh is good to eat; the fat is used for
lighting the houses during the long winter
night; the skin makes warm beds and

clothing; the sinews, cords and harness;
and the horns and bones are formed into
spoons, cups, and other useful articles.


THE Dog-rib Indians use a curious
method of hunting the reindeer, or
caribou, as the American variety is called.
The hunters go in pairs, the foremost man
carrying in one hand the horns and skin of
the head of a deer, and in the other a bundle
of twigs. His comrade follows, holding
the guns of both in a level position, so that
the muzzles project under the arms of
the one ahead. They approach a herd of
reindeer by degrees, imitating the tread of
the animals. If any of the herd look at
the strange object approaching, they stop,
and the one with the head and horns begins
to rub them against the twigs, and bend
them back like a deer licking its shoulders,
and by other move-
ments copies the ges-
tures of the animals.
In this way the hunt-
ers get close to the
SL Li herd without alarm-
S,''.--' t ing them. The man
behind then pushes
S his comrade's gun
forward, the head is
dropped, and the two
men fire together.

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MONKEYS are of different kinds as
to size, color, and general habits.
They are very numerous in hot countries;
there is scarcely a forest that does not swarm
with them.
Some monkeys are fierce and powerful,
and all are fond of mischief. They like
particularly to tease all other animals that
live near them, and many strange stories
have been told of their tricks on creatures
more simple than themselves.
Ships coming from Africa often have
monkeys aboard. A lady who made the
voyage found several of the tribe on the
ship, and has related some of their curious
pranks. One of them was named Jack,
and he, she says, was the prince of them
all for mischief.
Jack began the day by overturning the
parrot's cage, in order to secure the lump
of sugar, which then rolled out. He then
went between decks, and jerked off the
sailors' night caps as they lay asleep, or
ran away with their knives and clothes.
On two days in the week, some pigs which
were aboard were let run about the deck,
and then Jack would have fine sport,
Hiding behind a cask, he would suddenly
spring on the back of one of them, his face
to the tail, and in this way enjoy a xide
on the frightened animal. It the sailors
laughed at his pranks, he would stare with
a look of wonder, as much as to say, What
can you find to laugh at?"

He was very fond of creeping in- -I
to the galley, and stealing a hot
cake out of the oven; though he sometimes
burned his fingers in the attempt, which
served to keep him out of mischief for a
few days at least.
One of his tricks was played on a poor
little black monkey. A sailor left a pot
of white paint and some brushes on deck,
while he went to dinner. Jack invited the
little monkey to come to him, and seizing
him with one hand, painted him from head
to foot with the other. Then seeming to
realize that he had done wrong, he ran up
the rigging to the maintop, where he stood
looking down with his nose between the
bars. There he stayed for three days, till
hunger made him descend, when he put
on a very humble look, as if he felt that
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O F all winged creatures, the poultry
tribe are, no doubt, the most useful
to man. Besides the common domestic
fowl, the hen and rooster, the tribe includes
the turkey,- the guinea-fowl, and several
sorts of wild fowl, such as the quail and
the partridge.
All are valued for their flesh, while the
hen, in addition, furnishes us in its eggs
with an important article of food. No
other bird equals the hen in the readiness
with which it can be induced to go on lay-
ing eggs beyond the number proper for a
brood, and this fact greatly enhances the
value of the species. Some hens will lay
more than two hundred eggs in the course
of a year.

When we observe the small heads and
expressionless eyes of birds, we are not
inclined to expect any great amount of
intelligence among them. They are, how-
ever, moved by the same passions as larger
creatures, and often show thought, reason-
ing power, and affection.


T HAT even a fowl may possess the virtue
of benevolence, and that toward a
creature of very different nature, is proved
by the following story.
A little terrier dog was so sick that it
had to be confined to its kennel. A bantam
rooster which lived in the yard observed
it, and gazed at it with looks of deep com-
At length the bantam managed to squeeze
through the bars which enclosed the front
of the kennel. The dog plainly undertsood
the feeling that prompted the action, and
from that day the bantam took up his abode
in the dog's prison, and seldom left it except
to pick up its food.
To keep the dog warm, the bantam would
take its place between its fore-legs, and
Sthe poor invalid would settle down on the
bird, appearing to enjoy the warmth it
afforded. Day after day thus passed in
the closest bonds of affection. The terrier
grew worse, and at last died; and then
the bantam appeared inconsolable at the
loss of its friend, and it was some time
before it recovered its usual spirits.

p .p3 57 .- .- ..I



SEE the chickens round the gate
For their morning portion wait;
Fill the basket from the store,
Open wide the cottage door!

Throw out crumbs and scatter seed;
Let the hungry chickens feed.
Call them;-see how fast they run,
Gladly, quickly, every one!

Eager, busy hen and chick,
Every little morsel pick.
See the hen with tender brood,
To her young how kind and good!

With what care their steps she leads!
Them, and not herself, she feeds;
Picking here, and picking there,
Where the nicest morsels are.

As she calls, they flock around,
Bustling all along the ground;
Till their daily labors cease,
And at night they rest in peace.

All the little tiny things
Nestling close beneath her wings;
There she keeps them safe and warm,
Free from fear and free from harm.


THE hen is usually a model mother.
She seems scarcely to think of her
own wants, and to be anxious only that
her little ones should be fed.
But there are exceptions to this as to
most other rules, and once in a while a

-'hen will be found
who neglects or even
entirely forsakes her off-
spring. The young ones are in bad luck
in such a case, unless some one takes the
place of the unnatural mother.
An interesting story is told of a kind
rooster which took the charge of a brood
whose mother had thus deserted them.
The young ones wandered about, not know-
ing what to think of it. Dick, as the rooster
was called, saw that they were left to them-
selves. He stalked up to them, and acted
so fatherly that the chickens gladly took
refuge under,his wings.
It was amusing to' see how tenderly
he eyed them. He had been in the habit,
before the mother left them, of picking
bugs and worms for them. Now he fed
them better still, and they followed him all
day, and at night crept under his wings.
Was he not good thus to take upon himself
the care of these little orphans?

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