The Floridian & journal
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00079928/00190
 Material Information
Title: The Floridian & journal
Alternate title: Floridian and journal
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Maxwell & Hilton
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: November 27, 1852
Publication Date: 1849-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from Bell & Howell, Micro Photo Division; Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1849)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1865?
General Note: "Democratic."
General Note: Publishers: Charles E. Dyke, <1852>-1855; Dyke & Williams, 1855; J. Jones, <1855>; Dyke & Carlisle, <1861-1863>; Dyke & Sparhawk, <1864>.
General Note: Supplements accompany some issues.
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002060562
oclc - 02704418
notis - AKP8648
lccn - sn 83016259
System ID: UF00079928:00190
 Related Items
Preceded by: Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1831)
Preceded by: Southern journal (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Floridian

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GOVERNOR'S] MESSAGE.ExKcrnvn reciprocity of duty and obligation--the i ordinary measure-! where Indians had encamped,and cultivated ground, many Soon after the adjournment of the last Legislature, for
I J of legal protection to private rights and property-this it miles beyond their prescribed boundary, and evidence of the purpose of obtaining information in regard to this subject
seems to me should he extended in all our acts by which I their having driven off and destroyed cattle belonging to I visited the keys and islands on the coast of Florida,
CII\M nrR, C.\riToi% we cck to enlist private capital to the aid of the public the frontier settlements. This discovery led to the format and penetrated some distance into the Everglades. I do not
Tallahassee, November :JM, 1852. convenience and utility. It is not, indeed, to he lig'latlysup- t iot of scouting parties for the protection of the settlements.On think that any plan could be adopted for entirely drainingthis
': GtntlCInt'n of/ Me Senate posed that any :State Legislature would avail itself of these \ one of those scouts, Captain A. Jernigan, with a party waste of waters ; but that it could be very considerably -
and l/outc of Representatives: : clauses in its own favor to work a gratuitous injury to pri- under him, fell in with and captured some Indians and reduced, and a large quantity of valuable land reclaimed ..

is a !source of no less: J pleasure than gratitude to a be- vate indviduals ; but the latter cannot be expected to invest ponies! and a number of hogs. These transactions caused for a sum far below the value of the land, there can
It assembled for the their means on the hazard that even gratuitous injury great alarm on the frontier, fearing the Indians would retaliate be no question. If the Indians were removed, it is a work 4
jficent Providence to greet you again, may not he done ; much less that they may not suffer ; and numerous applications were made to me, to which should not be delayed ; and for that purpose, the
discharge of your high constitutional duties: under circumumccs consequential Capital will make the de uctiou,that authorize the raising of volunteer companies for the pro- Board of Internal Improvement should be clothed with the

so prosperous.! Peace and plenty pervade our land, where the right of unconditional repeal is reserved, it is intended tection of the settlements. Perplexed by the conflicting ac- necessary power, and particularly with the authority to ap-
though we have not altogether escaped the chastening : to be, or very possibly may be, exercised. counts of these occurrences which reached this office-un- point a State Engineer and Geologist.
and the Almighty, our condition as a People affords With these views, I beg leave to suggest particularly able to judge of the extent of danger to which the frontierwas Connected with this subject is a Board of Agriculture. ,
rod of amendments of the Act passed at your last Session, incorporating exposed,or the best means of protection, and unwillingto The last General Assembly passed "An Act organize and .
of His liberal and forbearing hand. I
undant evidence the Atlantic and Gulf Central: Hail Road Company involve the State in a large expense by calling out volunteers establish a Board of Agriculture for the State of Florida,'*
brI'l1ca\'e to unite with you in fervent supplications that His as may in your judgment harmonize therewith} and sub- without a justitiahle cause, I ordered Major General which provides that it shall "be composed of three persons
wisdom may guide us in all our efforts to advance the interests serve the public interests. Facilities for rapid, easy and Hopkins to visit the frontier as a special agent, to resident at Tallahassee, and one corresponding member
and happiness} 1 of the People of this Commonwealth. cheap intercommunication and tranportation-wlaidl:: shall investigate the facts, with full powers to call out any from each County in the State, to be appointed by the Coyernor
the existing system of biennial legislative sessionsa invite immigration-stimulate private cntcrprizc mse I. force he should deem necessary for the protection and secu- ;" and declares "that it shall be the duty of such corresponding -
Under is devolved and public !spirit and energy: and harmonize our population, rity of the people on the frontier, and authorized to cap- members to collect and report to the head of the
largely increased re:>p msihility upon you, I are pre-eminently the wants of Florida at this time ; and ture all Indians he might fall in with outside of their prescribed bureau at Tallahassee, by mail or otherwise,all information
.your meetings concern much more deeply than before, for one, fellow-citizens, I despair:; of any great or lasting boundary. To my letters of instructions to General relating to the soil, production and climate," &c.; and, fur I
the prosperity of our beloved :State.; In this age of progress: improvement, of any kind, in our condition, until we !shake I Hopkins and his reports, I I beg particularly to call the ther, "that it shall be the duty of the chiefs of this department
of inactiun or of error upon the vital subject of off! sloth and betake ourselves manfully: to the supply of attention of the General Assembly. It will be seen that a to transcribe and arrange all such information in a
two vears well involve a loss: which can- these wants. A large portion of our people must: remain I co-operation>> with Gen.Blake was particularly urged: ; which book to be kept by them for that purpose, and in some convenient
Intcr Improvement may comparatively destitute of even schools and other means led to thc inteview that took place between Gen. Honkins form-at all business hours to keep the same open
.II..".,.. J.- -recalled.- The Constitution of this State declares of mental and moral improvement, until population thickens md Billy Bowlegs in August last, and the visit: of the latter !for public inspection and benefit, and also-to distribute all
iat": _V liberal system of Internal Improvements being cs- around them and never will private-energy; develops "j with his party, to see the President Washington City, seeds or plants they may receive for that purpose." All I
.. ntial |0 the development of the resources of the country, itself: until our state counsels and government manifest= | 1 terminating in an agreement to use their influence/ to get these provisions, it is respectfully submitted, are cither impracticable
..sc sVvhe encouraged by the Government of this :State; Mime vigorous tokens of a J'uhHeph'it.: Let the :State: if'I I i their ppople to emigrate as soon as possible. I must confess I or inexpedient. The Governor could hardly be .
:she: wishes) the character of a State and the place of a State 1 iow; ver, that I look for no beneficial results from this nc- expected to possess such intimate knowledge of all the
.- and it:hall I be the duty of the General Assembly, as soon in the hearts of her people, display' some enlarged: purpose otiition ; and, indeed, it is surprising that, with a full counties in the State, as to enable him to make judicious :

.'a? practicable, to ascertain by law proper objects of im- and design i and borne executive vigor in behalf of the People knowledge of the faithless character of these Indians, the appointments ; and as no salaries are }provided, it is not presumable
",,rovcjncnt, in relation to roads, canals, and navigable and herself. Department should have thought it worth the while to commit that persons could be found to perform the duties $'
and to provide f for a suitable application of such I invite you, fellow-citizens of the mate and House of ] to paper an agreement," in which no time is stipulated prescribed without compensation. Consequently, no appointments f :
"fetreams. lie; for such Representatives, if the views of the Executive with regard for its fulfilment. Common rumor has undertaken to have been made ; but an Agricultural Society.. ?. l
"funds as may appropriated improvements. to any proposed measure do not meet your opinions, to devise I :supply this important omission, and to assign March nextas has been organized in the County of Leon, with the view of }o."
How* little this provision of the Constitution has been some plan better adapted to the ends proposed, and provide ; the period in which the emigration may be expected ; constituting: a Central Society for the State, with Auxiliary' f
practically regarded, your recent journeys from your re- for its efficient execution with the appropriate means :but better testimony, that of Bowlegs; himself: declares, asa Societies in the different counties, which would ]lead to the \

homes in every part of the State, must have paint of the :3tate0; that two years' more inaction may not follow voluntary act on the part of the Seminoles, it will never accomplishment of the objects contemplated by the act, \
:Mvctive t your }present: Session: :and the :State of Florida continue take place. The fact that declarations to this effect have with the assistance of a scientific State Geologist, to furnish ,
It is reflection that
full reminded you. a melancholy and remain the only :State; of the Union which has takenno been often made by that chief since his return from Washington : the information relating to the soil, productions and ';
virile the !spirit of improvement is pervading every other step to better her condition by works: of Internal Im- while in a state of inebriety, and removed from his climate" of the various portions of the State. The appointment Ie4' ,

State opening new :sources:; of wealth and comfort and 1 "ovenment. habitual cunning and caution, shows that the agreement"and of such an officer would probably be attended .. i
Simulating human industry in all its varied departments As yet, the Internal Improvement: Fund is intact, and one all its concomitants is but another of his temporizing with the most beneficial effects in the development of the .
remains unite and expedients to gain time and the of defence when of Florida. .'.
Florida alone, like the slothful servant who) buried his talent more legislative opportunity to public means agricultural:: resources
private means and energies; in a State enterprise ; but it.'i is force is resorted to, or, at hest, to delay the period of its In obedience to the provisions of an act of the late General : -
seems well nigh content with inaction and repose on easy to see t'.c probable: result: of a little more procrastina I application. L'nder thr..;o circumstances:: it will be for the Assembly; which made it my duty to take such steps as }
this. vital !sultjcct.'c du not transcend the limits of truth tion. Local and isolated schemesill: !! :soon be clamorous General Assembly to determine what measures shall be 1 might deem necessary and I proper for the speedy settlement 1'

\\licu we claim for her natural: advantages, resources awl ]I for an appropriation from this 1 Fund l ; and )however meritorious I adopted to compel a removal, and the proper time for their of the long pending: question disputed( : boundary be- .-.t .
capabilities for, improvement, unsurpassed! by those of any I those: ma1'e which shall first secure it, all subsequent : application, should. our anticipations as to the failure of this twecu this State and the State of Georgia, which had been t'
other :State of the Union. :She; is thc fifth in territorial: appropriations will be made with regard, not :so: I new attempt at negotiation prove well founded. referred to the Supreme Court of the United States for adjudication Ii ;
much to Intcrnar mpro\"emcnt-: to what may be considered For the purpose: of providing subsistence} forage and I sent David P. Hogue Esq. Attorney General :
() miles Atlanticand
arca-the third in some 1/JOO :; an equal distribution of monger. But if a wasteful transportation for the troops called into service by General of Florida, to the city Washington, upon that subject, ".,'
Gulf sea-board:" fruitful -oil-a.; genial climate, extending and unprofitable expenditure of this Fund were all the consequence Hopkins, 1 borrowed, under the authority vested in me by with authority to employ, on behalf of this State, such; assistant '
within the tropic of Cancer, and a range of agricultural to be feared, my own anxiety would materially I the fifth section of the act referred to, the sum of five thou- counsel as he might consider necessary. I am informed ...t.
: products of unsurpassed variety and value. She abate. Worse results will, in all probability, follow, in sand dollars from the Internal ]Improvement Fund, which by Mr. Hogue that he engaged the lIon. Reverdy .
Las noble rivers-spacious harbors-inexhaustible suppliesof sectional jealousies that may arise, or become nmblttered was placed under the control of the Treasurer and Comp- Johnson, of Baltimore, to whom a retaining fee has been :
into enmities:, in the course of this scramble for public troller ; and all claims arising from that source have been paid, and that the case will come on for hearing at the next '{t1;
timber. Around her floats:;, in endless succession, a large money-interrupting all the ordinary currents of political audited and paid!, agreeably to the regulations in that De term of the Supreme Court. The Attorney General's Report :; "

portion of the commercial marine of the civilized world, i. action, and, perhaps demoralizing and (,ol'ruptinglegiola: p\rtment-a. statement of which will be found in the Rc- i will be found more full upon this subject, to which I ".:
and she lies in the direct line of travel and transportation tion itself.! Thus, this munificent fund, which ought; if wisely port of the Comptroller. Xo payment has been made to I beg to refer the General Assembly.In ;
between the great marts of the Northeast and :Southwest managed be of so much common utility to the people. tin officers and men for( their services. ]It will be necessary my Message to the last General ..Assembly remarked, :
may be a source of almost unmixed evil and mischief.: Fromme"tl lot the General: Assembly to make provision for their payment 'It doubtless within the personal knowledge of every Member .
the Gulf, and the Pacific coasts.:
the Atlantic, a 1 catastrophe, I again invoke the General Assembly and to demand of the General Government a re-im- of the General Assembly, that the militia of this State is .
With all these advantages, her progress, if it deservesthe I to save the Commonwealth, by committing it, with a wise buKernent. entirely disorganized,and whatever efforts I have been able ; -,
name, has no parallel within the limits of the Tnion in I promptitude, to some scheme of Stale: and general char- 1 was made my duty, by an act of the last General As- to make to remedy this state of things; have proved wholly ':tf.

feebleness and insignificance. Colonized :'MO years ago, acter.It scnbly, approvedd:\ January, 1851, to cause the accounts inefi( ctual. The law is radically defective in principle, as -.ti:
she is still wrak in numbers-with very little :greater comparative becomes my duty again to call the serious: attentionof I of .he several officers and privates of the volunteer compaiics I I well as unwieldy and cumbersome." No action having; 'Jt. '
wealth than less favored the General Assembly; to the subject of the continuance : who} were called out by the Governor of the State in been }had on that suggestion, I again invite the attention of :
public or private sections of a 1 portion of the tribe of the Seminole Indians within thelimits i the year 181!), to suppress Indian hostilities, to be. auditedant the General Assembly to the subject. There is no State in .m .
and the broad bosom of millions of her acres, susceptible allowed," and ::;tate bearing six cent. inter- '
of this State, to the great annoyance of our people scrip ; per the Union which a well-organized and disciplined militiais
of profitable tillage, is yet undisturbed by the hand"i" on the iron tier,and detriment to the prosperity of the State.Bv : estfor the same, to be issued: through the Comptroller's Office more required, and yet we have not one organized regiment i- '

? .1t..1. 1-...*.tor. an act of the last Legislature: annrovcdlOth January, 1 f ;" and by another act, passed at the same session, ap- of militia in Florida. I have been called upon by .
o41JUcu'I'hc .
which have produced this extraordinary and 1831, it was provided "that; the Governor of this State I be; prired 1 I/A January, it was made my duty to cxc/cute a the Adjutant General of the United States repeatedly to t 1
causes and he is hereby, invested: with full power and authority to bonl, in the name of this State, to Southwestern: Rail- caus returns to be made of the strength of the militia of : I
lamentable condition of affairs: arc in good part pointedout urge upon the President of the Tinted States, through the Roal Bank of Charleston,:South: Carolina, to be substituted this State, for the purpose of apportioning her quota of the '
and explained in the communication of J lion. '1 R. C.\- proper department, the necessity for the speedy and final in icu of the bond given by my predecessor! Governor public arms ; and have issued general orders to the proper -t _
PCLI. our Representative} in Congress which I beg herewithto removal of the remnant Seminole:; Indians now remaining :\Iu-cley ; but as there was an appropriation made by Congress officers, but no returns have ever been made from any portion i
lay before as a paper of singular:; interest and value in Florida;" and he was "authorized and required, whenit to re-imburse! the State of Florida for the claims for of the State. I am well aware that this condition of ;, i
you which these obligations were directed to be given, I exer- things be to extent attributable the -:
shall be expedient and proper, to raise a regiment of may some to sparse ; '\
this :State; but doubtless no little
of ,
upon the resources ; mounted volunteers, to co-operate with any force of the cised the authority given me by the sccundsection of the population of many portions of the State ; but I am sure .)
blame must also attach to ourselves! as well as to our cir United States which the President: may order to Florida, said act, approved/ 11/A January, and borrowed the sum necessary the main cause may be traced to the statutes themselves, : .
cumstances. It is questionable whether our legislationhas : for the purpose:: of removing the Indians, as contemplated for the payment of those troops, until the appropriation and I respectfully submit to the General Assembly the pro- '. 1 ,;
latterly been; of a. character to cnyourage the investment by this act, and for the protection and security of the fron- made by Congress could be obtained ; all of which priety ot adopting an entirely new system. j
of private capital, either at. home or abroad, in any tier settlements ; or, as commander-in-chief of the militiaof is more fully explained in the Report of the Comptroller, \ .4
great work of public improvement. ]In a former communication this :State:; to employ them, when, in his judgment, it may to which I beg to refer ; and when the Quartermasterjlcncral's tem_ "j j
the Executive had the pleasure: to lay before your become necessary' as an independent force, for the removalof accounts are made out. the whole matter will be primary attention in every State in the Union. In a Government .
honorable bodies, more minutely, his views of a work of the Indians, and the protection and security of the fron- fully communicated to the General Assembly in a Special constituted as ours, resting upon the free suffragesof I. :
Internal Improvement in this :State, which, as the foundation settlement: :" In conformity with the provisions of this Message.In the people in all its departments-Executive, Legislative ..
of a general system, affecting all interests as equally act, it will be seen by the accompanying documents in relation accordance with the Act of the last General Assembly, and Judicial-wisdom admonishes us to keep pure the source pi :
as possible, might, in his judgment, concentrate the encr- to this subject-to which 1 especially invite your at- To secure thc Swamp and Overflowed Lands," approved; of political power ; and so long as the people remain enlightened I.
rci of the State and people; and break at once the deathlike tention, as furnishing: the fullest information in my powerto 2Ith January, 1851, which provides, "That the Governoris and virtuous, no fears need be entertained for the
J torpor upon this vital subject. In partial accordancewith communicate-that, as ('arlyas the iuh: February: 1851, authorized and requested to take such measures as to permanency of our institutions. Various causes have con- "
the yielysthen expressed, a charter was enacted ; but, 1 addressed a letter to the lion. C. M. Conrad, :Secretary of him may seem expedient and most to the interest of this tributed to delay the establishment of the noble Common .'
: 1 regret to say, !so hampered with restrictions as to renderit War, with a copy of the act, and urged the necessity of State, in securing and classifying the lands lately grantedto School System in this State ; but our fund for the purposo
of little practical value. In this respect:; however, its prompt and decided action, on the part of the General Government this:: State,designated as Swamp or Overflowed Lands," is considerable,and I confidently hope the day is not distant, I
condition was not peculiar. Other bills of a similar or correlative to accomplish an object so important to the safetyof 1 opened a correspondence on the subject with the Surveyor when all our children and youth will be able to participatein #
character were in like manner, rendered inoperative and the prosperity of the :State; ; and knowing General of Florida, and the Commissioner of the General the benefits it was designed to confer. The suggestions
people, t
under, as I conceive, a mistaken notion of contributing it to be the policy of the Government to effect the re- Land Office, copies of which accompany this Message. I contained in the Reports of the Register of Public Lands, J
.. .. ? I regret; to say that but little : has been made. It
: to the public security. rnoval of the InlIans'iLl I! tie least JIU&MIMU.n.:1.1 *? vo.1 cnce, J"V-***-* progress; Comptroller and Attorney General, upon the various points 1
L The lessons of experience, indeed, would dictate to us the 1 posed a plan for the survey of the country which they inhabit will be seen by a Report of the Commissioner of the Gene- connected with our Common School System, will,doubtless, 3
but ral Land Office, that only 51,183] acres have as yet been receive: as they deserve, careful attention.
; necessity of caution in granting acts of incorporation ; under a military force sufficiently:: large to protectthe your
';.1 upon this subject, as well as all others, caution itself may :surveying parties, and to capture all the Indians they confirmed to the State. Understanding that the field notes The accompanying Reports of the State Treasurer and ..
; become so extreme or judged as to bring with it all the might fall in with. The manner in which this propositionwas in the Surveyor General's Office were imperfect,and would Comptroller,show a highly favorable and encouraging state ,'
dangers of rashness! and precipitancy. That golden mean received, will be seen in the correspondence referred to. furnish! very inadequate information in regard to the quality of our finances, and I would invite the consideration of the .
which guards alike the rights and interests of the public In the :spring of 1851' I received information that the of lands which properly should }belong to the State, by General Assembly to the views and opinions of the Comp .
tho scale transferred{ virtue of the Act of Congress of the i 8th September, IHiO(), troller, in regard to of the features
and the corporators, and bolds with equal hand charge of the Indians remaining in Florida was some of our revenue '
of justice!! duty and obligation, is the true point of safety from the Department of \Var to.the Department of the Interior making the grant of the "Swamp: or_Overflowed Lands"in I system. His information, experience and opportunities of '\
Statc nnd that
the the interest of the State rendered
it absolutely -
and efficiency. No man will be content to place his means and that a contract was made by the Commissioner ,, forming a correct opinion upon such subjects would, alonegive :
!is the arbitrary disposal:; of another. No prudent man will of Indian Affairs, with the approbation of the Secretary of necessary: that some Agent, competent and well acquainted much weight to his suggestions ; but I am strong, .
: invest money in a public work under a charter which may the Interior, with General Luther Blake, as "Special with the land surveys in Florida, should he ap- I ly impressed with the propriety of his views, on principlesof
pointed on the part of the :State:; to protect its rights,I made. and
: at any moment, with or without reason, be repealed-his Agent," Proceed .Florida for the purpose of endeavoring equity. .
l effect the a contract with Mr. Henry Wells and Dr. Arthur. Randolph The Report of the Register of State Lands exhibits
expenditure wasted-his time lost and his expectations by judicious arrangements and efforts, to removal a decided
blasted. Capital is proverbially wary and slow of confi- of the Seminole Indians remaining in that :State, to ,! as general State agents for this purpose. Both of improvement in the resources of the funds which they
dence. It demands ample and written guaranties, and is the country of their brethren west of the Mississippi river ;" these gentlemen, have for many years been engaged" in the constitute, by a higher average of sales than heretofore, and i
not often disposed to risk its fiduciary operations upon any and in the fall of that year, General Blake, with a deputa- execution of large contracts for the survey of the public which may, in a great measure, be attributed to the enact-
Florida and
lands in from their
abstract or general confidence in mankind at large. If such : tion of Seminole chiefs from Arkansas, arrived at Tampa, capacity and high character ments of the last General Assembly. I
restrictions do not become practically fatal to the charter for the purpose effecting the objects of his contract, and are particularly well qualified for the performance of The Report of the Quartermaster General shows the I
which contains them, their most manifest operation must be fixed his head-quarters at Fort Myers. But it will be seen this duty. It will be seen by the contract which" is here- condition of the public arms. There being no State Arsenal I i I
to discourage!\ investments by men whose knowledge that by the correspondence referred to, that he was unable to obtain with reported, that they are, when necessary, to make examinations for their safe-keeping, the care of them is attended with '
they are in condition to lose! is' well calculated to render } an interview with any of the head chiefs until Augustlast in person-to run out the lines and to furnish a increased expense to the State; which should, if possible: ,
them habitually cautious, and to supplant them by the reckless ; and it is believed, his interview was then! effected, more I complete set of Maps for the State for eight mills per acre, be remedied, by the erection of a public depository.My .
'r all the lands
confirmed the
speculator, whose adventurous spirit and love of gain by the fears inspired by the operations of Gen. Hopkins on on reported to State. They opinion in regard to the period when my constitutional '
in the work and have
i is unchecked by any knowledge; or suspicion that he. can the frontier, than by the peaceful offers of Gen. Blake, who} are engaged progress term of office should commence and terminate has been "
and Mr.Vells is }
';" Kufler pecuniary injury. Thus, from the very excess of ill- 1 am huppy to say, has done every thing; in his power |to subject.! But by far f the now larger Washington; of the City lands upon whichwill this fully expressed of public record, and remains Still un:1:'
cottsidered caution acts of incorporation may and, doubtless accomplish) the purposes of his mission. I have little doubt portion :: changed. When, therefore, my successor shall be chosen :
accrue to the State under the of "
often do, become potent engines of public mischief, in that }his negotiations would have been attended with en- yet unsurveyed, and consequently cannot grant be Congress selected,and are and qualified, my official duties will cease. j rj

their corporators, who, with reckless: mind or fraudulent intent tire success::: had his efforts: been seconded by the plan of survey set apart to the State. Upon this: subject, I invite the attention With the assurance, gentlemen,of my hearty co-operation !
are either willing to risk the chances of disaster and which I proposed. of the General As&ernbly to the opinions intimatedby with you in all Constitutional measures, haVing for their p'
loss from ill-devised restrictions: designed to secure the public I In August, 185(1( a lad by the name of Daniel Ilubbard, the Department of the Interior and the General Land end! and object the public weal, and wishing you an agrea-
have discovered a way to evade them, though at thesacrifice living with Captain :Sumner:; in Marion County, was captured Office in certain letters responsive to ble and useful: :session: 'J
my proposition to :surrey t
of personal integrity. It is often fortunate if such and murdered byLand of Indians: which caused the country occupied by the Indians, which are herewith 1 am, your fellow-citizen and obedient servant,
been i
acts remain a dead letter on the statute book, and 1 it would great excitement and alarm ; awl a party who had transmitted. f
be better cumber it. A fair hi search of the lust boy, lound hut, THOMAS BROWN.
Mill, if they were not parsed: to tent out ou a :scout:> ".


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