The Floridian & journal
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00079928/00061
 Material Information
Title: The Floridian & journal
Alternate title: Floridian and journal
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Maxwell & Hilton
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: March 23, 1850
Publication Date: 1849-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from Bell & Howell, Micro Photo Division; Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1849)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1865?
General Note: "Democratic."
General Note: Publishers: Charles E. Dyke, <1852>-1855; Dyke & Williams, 1855; J. Jones, <1855>; Dyke & Carlisle, <1861-1863>; Dyke & Sparhawk, <1864>.
General Note: Supplements accompany some issues.
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002060562
oclc - 02704418
notis - AKP8648
lccn - sn 83016259
System ID: UF00079928:00061
 Related Items
Preceded by: Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. : 1831)
Preceded by: Southern journal (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly Floridian

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US. WEBSTER'S SPEECH, Decerriber, 1S47, avowed that the war was fo be be strtuV i! iwn frota hea\cn, Th; prefer (Ihe1 health efses hot allow him to be here to-day, [MrUALHOUN that 3 with rM ct to Texts ? Indeed, it i is most know that there rrpo e in the State Da'parttrenr

delivered in the U. S. Senate March 7th. prosecuted till some acquisition territory was obtained. chance ot riiriDin into utter darkness, to living in ,] said the other d-y: in a speech to the manifestly am,. The honorable gentleman from South strong UtlerJ (rontuhe w a- thy gt'umlnr m who prwdd -
And as the acquisition was coufli ol the heavenly light. it that heavenly light ss to be nut ab- Senate- Carolina, [Mr. CtLlioLtNj] at the time of Ihe ad.nission the honorablenennttir Item South Carolina in that i' I
I line of the United States, iu warm climates and solute-ly without imperfection.Tlure A SENATOR. lie is here. of Texas
any held
PRESIDENT fctalcd the first business an important post in the executive >!fce :to the United Srairminuter in England, and'I
TV VICE Countries, it was naturally expected, I suppose, by are impatient men-loo impatient always Mr. WEBSTER. I am very happy he is here.- department ot government. He was Secretary I 1 suppose letter from the honorable senator himself'
.'tste, the Senate to be the unfinished bu ines.s of I the South, Hut whatever; aciti ectcrday4tC motion to refer to tlie Committee, onvrrntoriei I that legion would be added to the slaveholding pail not to do evil that god may: come"-too impatient ol strength to serve his country The honorable and adroitness of powers-1 mean the late Secretary! cf this gnvcrntnent : "that Great Britain was not expected S
the menace of the I lie constitution,President, of the Uni- of the United States. Events have turned out as to wait for the slow ogress ol moral causes iu the member sail that he considered this as the lust in a ofthe Treasury, (Mr. Walker)-was a leading mcra"- to interfere to tike Texas out of the hands! f f .
led Slates, transmitting of Califor- was not peeled, and i that expectation has nut been improvement of mankind. They do not remember series of manures calculated1 to enfeeble the South, tier of this body : I hey took (the lead in the business the then existing government anti make it a f free
IHI. Pon wll'r''> the suator f'oul' Wisconsin [Mi. realized ; and therefore, in some degree, disappoint that the Joel lines and t ho miracles Jesus Christ and to di-privethem I ol (heir just participation in the of annexation ; and I must say that they did their country. But my conclusion is this : that those gentlemen ,

\AtK.cn] had the floor. ment and surprise have been excited hi other have, in IStAI years, converted only a small portion benefits ami privilege* of the government, lie si; }*, I woik faithful!)-Iheie was no botch in it. [Laugh whocompose northern democracy, when,
Mr. YYALKEK. Mr. President, lliis audience words, it: u obvious that the question which has so of lime human race ; and, among the nations converted very Pru'pertythat it was done under the old cou- ter.] They lounded it off, and made if as close join Texas was brought into tl.e Union, saw it brought
ln not this morning assembled to hear me. There long haiasscd the country, and at some times very Christianity, they forget how many vices and federation, mud before this constitution went into er's work as ever was put together. The resolution in, wilh all their eye open, as a slate territory, and1
i, but one man, in t'l.v opinion, who could have attracted seriously alarmed the minds of wi>e and good men, crimes, public and private, still prevu'l' and that eflect. My present purpose is only to say that it was of annexation Were brought into Congress fitly joint- lot hue purpose ot being maintained ns slave tenito- .
them, and they expect to hear him. I feel itmy has come upon us for afresh d discussion the question many ot them-the public ciiuiesesj'ecia'Jy olll-nces elono with tic entire and unanimous concurrence of fl together compactfifmefficientconclusive upon ry to the reek raltnJs. That they saw ; that they
duty, e s well) as my pleasure, to > it-Id the floorto'16' of slavery iu these United Slate against the Christian I eligjon, pass without exciting (the whole South. There it stands. The vote of the great object which they had in \ it w. Allow me could not btil'see. I lu.-ll.ir think thot like honotiMe --
'! honorable pe-nate-r lr< u I understand it i is not material with him upon to I the attention I of t Ihe Senate, to review historically and unjust wars. I do not deny that tere may that ordinance, with the exception of a single individual second section ol the resolutions the 1st of March have, in some of hisconespr.ndencc.stipgesledto M r.
bich of the two
i'Mr. of its own acts, and patti inconsuoienco mat kef an eminent person* not many \ers ago, -while fur that ordinance, prohibiting slavery in these words : about this subject, as it would! create son.e alarm.But .-
WEBSTER. Before I goon I must return of t the manner in which, it has been discussed upon the other side of the Atlantic, that it vas one northwest ofthe Ohio, aie the hand and seal of every New States of convenient size, not exceeding he avowed il openly and manfully-fur nhat he .
my thanks to the errator from Wisconsin [Mr. i in one and the other poll t ions ol I the country, has been of the greatest reproaches to h human nature that wars southern mcnber in Congiess. This was I he stale (tour in number, in addition fo said State of Txas, means he is very ready In say. :
M'AtKKR] and the senator from New York [Mr. I the s nice of so much, alienation and unkind feeling were sometimes necessary for I the defence ol nuiuns; of things, anJ (Ibis the stale of opinion under which and having suilicient population, may hereafter, bj Mr. CALHOUN," (inteiposing.) Always ; al
SrcAL1] lor their kind couilesy in allowing me to in different P'' I ions of I the United St ates. We all I -that they were sometimes called for against lUeinjiioliceol these two very important matters ware arranged, and the consent of said State be formed init of the territory

jjdreo* the Senate this morning. know that slaveiy has existed in the world from oilier nations.In these two important things done; that is, the estabYishment I hereof, which shall be entitled to admission ways.Mr.. WEBSTER. This was in ISf( Then, in _
I wish to speak to-div, m.t as a Massachusetts time immemorial. There was slaveiy in the earliest I I this slate of sentiment upon (the general nature eiffhe( constitution and the recognition of under the provisions e>f tIme federal constitution. \ISflfiagrante\ Itllu I., t.veen the United Slates arie!'
nun,nor as a noithern man,hut as an American and periods ot the hisloiy of orient.il nations. of>lavery lie the cause for a L'rcat purtioit of these slavery a* it existed in (the Stales, and the\->lablisbment And such States as may be formed out of that portion Mexico,this proposition was brought forward by my
a member of the Senate of the United States. It is There was slavery among the Jews. The theocratic unhappy divisions, exasperation!', and reproaches, of the ordinance prohibiting, to Jhe full extent of said territory lying south of thirty-six degrees trieiut from (;ivnrgia. The northern democracy voted
fortunate that there is a Senate ut the UniieJ Slates government of I that people made no i injunctions, a- which find vent and support in dilferent! parts of the of all territory owned by the United States, the introduction thirty minutes north latitude, commonly known as asalnst it. Their remedy was to apply In this*
body wit moved from its propriety, not lost to a gaint it. There the Greeks and Union. does exist in the United Slates. or existence of
-a was slavery among ; Slavery slavery. the( Missouri compromise line, shall be admitted into conquest after it should come in, the Wiluiot Pro*
just sense of its own dignity or its own high responsibility the ingenious, philosophy of the Greeks found, or It did exist in (lie States before t the adoption of this And here, sir, we may pau.se. We may reflect for the Union with or without slavery, as the people of visa Wi 11. 'what followed ? Why, those Uo gentlemen -
-a body to which I the country looks wit ii bought to find, a justification of it exactly upon the constitution, and at the lime of its! adoption. And a moment upon that entire coincidence and concur each Slate asking admission may elesire." worthy I honorable and influential men, bro't
confidence wise, modi-rale, patriotic, and with grounds which luve b.-en. assumed for such now let m consider, for a moment, what was the rence sentiment between the Ninth and the South And t then t there is a provision that: such ten itory in Texas b> their votes. They ptevf-ntcd the pas
true feeling. It is not lo he denied that we live in a justification in I this country, thai i is, a nato,ah and state of sentiment in t the Nntli; I and, I the South in upon this question at the period of (the adoption ol as lies north of the Missouri compromise line shall sage of tl.e resolution of Ihe honorable senator frcm>
the midst ot ctroni agitations, and in the midst ol I original difference between the races of mankind re-gaid to slavery at I Ihe t lim (his conslituion was constitution. I5ut opinion has changed-greatly be free States : Georgia, and then they went borne and took thelead,
considerable dangers to our institutions of government. the inferiority of the colored or black race to the udople'd.* A remarkable change has take-i place chanedchianged North and changed Soulii. Slavery And in such State or States as shall be formed in the tree-soil party ; nn The imprisoned winds are let loose. % hue. The Greeks justified t their system slavery siil( c. What did the wise and good men of all parts is not regarded in I the South now as il was then. out of said territory, north of said Missouri compromise leave us hcrelbcund in honor and c m cicnce by the-
.. The East, the Noilh.and the stormy South, are all upon that ground precisely.$ They held the Ah icans of 1 the country think of slavery ? I In what estimation I see before me an honorable member ol (his body, line, slavery or involuntary servitude (except resolutions cTannexation ; they h-ave us heieto lake-
combined to make the whole ocean toss its billows to and some portions of the Asiatic tribes lo be inferior did they hold it in 17V7, when this constitution [Mr. MASON,] paying me the honor lo listen :o amy for erinmme) shall be prohibited." the odium of fulfilling the < Million in favor of slavery

the skies, a.-! disclose its profoundest depths.; I Ilj to the white race. They did not fhow, I I huik, by was adopted It will he found, sir, if we will carry remarks, who brings to me freshly and vividly the Well, now, what is here pledged, stipulated for, which they voted us into, or else !the crrater
< not fleet to hold, or t'o be fit to hold the htlmin any close imirrasof lo
tins combat with the political elements; bull i more intelligent and the t-tronger hailI totemic I the day, allah ascertain men's opinions by authentic records in lu* clay and gem ration, so worthy lobe of 'M i cleg. 30' mm., which is nearly the whole of if, I at home making rousinir and capital speechs for frit S
have a duty ta perform, and I mean lo perform it right to fubjugattt the weaker. A more manly philosophy still existing among us, that I here was nogrcat succeeded by so worthy a grandson-with all the shall be admitted into the Union as a State-it was foil ant! no lacery. [Laughter.] Therefore 1 say
\viih fiJelily-not without a sense of surrounding and juiUprudiiiCG of the Komans placid the diversity of opinion between t Ihe Noith t and I the strength and earnestness of the sentiments which he a.slave |State, and therefore if all came in as a slave Mr. President, that there is no chapter in our history
4in; tint lot my own security or safety-for I am looking Koi.-ian jurists, from' the I very first dawn to the I fall found that I both pails; of Ihe( countiy held it equally Here we may pause. There was a unanimity of and thai suchSlales, being fwrned out of that Portion full of what should create surprise, and more full f
out for no fragment upon which to float away from of the empire, admitted that slavery was ogainsl the an evil-a moral and a political evil. It will not be sentiment, if not a general concurrence sentiment, of Texas which lies south of 30 de?. 30 min may what does create, in my mind,extreme mortification,
the wreck, wreck is to ensue-but for the good of natural laws by which, they maintained that all men, found I that either at t thcNoith or at t the South t there running I through thewholecotnmunity.bnt? especially ; come in as slave States, to the number of four, in addition than the conduct tfthis northern democracy.
then hole Mid t the preservation of t tie w hole.! There whatever clime, color, or capacity, were equal. was much-though there was some-invective a- entertained by the eminent men i.f all pot lions ol to the State then in existence, and admitttc! Sometimes, w hen a man is found in a new relation
i that which will keep me to my duty during this Hut they justified slavery, lirst, upon the aiillunity i iol slavery, as inhuman and cruel. The gre.U this country, in icgard to this subject. Cut soon a under the resolution. Now sir, I know of no form to things around him anti to other men, he says Miroi'lil &
tfrojrle, whether the fun and the etais shall appear (he law of lutiotis, arguing, and arguing truly, ground objection to it was political ; that it weakened change began, North and Soul ii. A change began, ula, no mode ot I legis'aiion: which can strengthen hm changed, and [l hat he has not changed.I .-
archill not appear) 1orthanI d.iyg. that at that day the conventional law of nations admitted the social fabric ; lhat, taking .he place of free and a-evcrance opinion soon showed it-the North that resolution. 1 know no formal lecognilion (if I believe sir, that our sell-respect lea.k w often to '
I fpeak to-day (o. the preservation of Ihe Vninn.Si that captives in war-whose lives, nccording Ubor, society was less stiong and labor less productive' growing much more strong, and warm against slavery, Congress that can add a t'tc! lo it make that {declaration, in regard to ourselves, whm!
Hear me for my cause. I speak to-day ft off a to the notion of that lime, were at the absolute disposal i Theiefoiu we find from all I I lee eminent men and the South growing much more strong and warm 1 listened respectfully to the resolution of my honorable I it is not exactly I rime. An I individual is more apt to
a4eitozsantt anxious <3e irc lor the restoration to of ihecaplor-might, in exchange titr> exemption of t Ihe, South I the cleat .f expression ef I their opinion in its faror. Theie is ii" generation ot l rnnnkind friend from Tennessee, [Mr. BELI..] containing change, perhaps, than all the world around him is lo
the conr.tiy if bat juit *n<1 that hirutony vthithi from dual, be made shaves fur life, and I hat that sha\ers was an evil ; and I hey ascribe it-not whose opinions are not subject to be iiitltienci-d by a proposition lo recognise that stipulation with iiane ; and under present circumstances, and under
i tiuk<"< the l,1esqni of this Union so rich and soI that servitude might descend to their posterity. without truth, and not without some acerbity of what appears to be: their present and emergent inter Texas. Why, sir, any additional recognition of it kheiesponsibility which know I incur hy what laia
I dear toiLs all. Believe me far wine honor." These The jurists of Rome also maintained that by (the tt-taper and force of language-to the injurious pcli- est. I impute lo the Soul Ii no particular interested would weaken its force, because it stands here upon now stating here, I feet at liberty to recur tutlie| various
are the topic* that I propose to myself to discuss. civil law theme mij lil l lie servitude and s la vi-ij\personal cy of the mother country, which, to favor the navigator view in the change which has come over her. I impute the ground c it f a compact for consideration. It is a expressions and statercentj at various times cf
These are he revives and he sole tnotixcs that influence and hereditary : first, by the voluntary act of had e-ntailed t the evil i I upon (he colonies. I to her, certainly, no dishonorable Viet%s. All law-a law founded in a contract with Texas, and is my own opinions, and resolutions respecting this admission
me lo cumtnunicafi-> opinions to (he Senate the individual, who might sell himself into shivt-iy : need hardly n-fcr lo the publications of the day, or that has happened Iras been natural. It has t lowed I destined to carry that contract ir.to effect. RtCf.g- 4if Texas, nut! all t that Las followed. As early
and t tnthecounlry; and i(1doa.thinghowev secondly, by his being; received into a state of set vitude to the matters of histoiy upon record. The most causes which always influence the human mind and nit ion ofthe I contract? for Ihe t purpose stiigesteJ, as 1S30, rr (he e-ailv part of Ib37.it was a matter
er little, far the promotion of these cwh, 1 shall by his creditors, to satisfy the debts lie had incurred eminent men, mica, !lv all the conspicuous men, in all ope-ratc upon it. .vould not leave if as strong 33 if stands now upcu coriverssatic.w and t cunespondence between myself
have rcon';plifIti-d all Mr. President, il may not 1e amiss to recur very servitude or blavery fora ititu. WHS uu evil ; it was a blight ; it was a blast ; it was HO warm a feeling in favor ol slavery at the South .'- Now, I know of no way-I candidly confess I know !on<; an acquaintance and frit-i.d ef mine, now perhaps
briefly to thf events, cqMill) fcUilden auJ extraordinary At the introduction of Christianity into the a mildew ; it was a scourge; it was a curse. There vvliic'.i has changed the whole nomenclature of the of no way-in which this government, acl ins in 4' cxl in this chamber-General Hamilton South Carolina
which have brought the political condition of woild, the U<>man empiie WMS full ol st's.; ] suppose were no terms ol reprobation so violent in I the North South in relation lo this subject ?-so that, instead e.f faith-as I trust it always will-can relieve itself -was kno.vin to that correspondence. 1 voted
thi) country to be what il now is. In May, 110;, there is to be found no hijunc'iou ag.iin-t that nt that day as in the South. The North was not so being referred to as an evil, a blight, a curse, slavery from thai commitment stipulation, and pledcre, by fur the recognition of Ten, independence because
tbe United State* declared war nguinst exico. relation between man and man in the teachings of much cxcile-d against it as I the Suth.. And! I he reason has now come to be an instill.lion to be cherished any honest course of ic-gislalion upon it ; and therefore 1 believed it was c.u exiattn$ tact, s.irpii.ing and as-
f Our armies tlien on the frontier entered the province the Gospel by Je. u' Christ or by any of his apostles. was, I suppose, that theme was much less of it not a scourge and a misfortune to be deprecated, but I say lhat, so far as Texas is concerned-the toimishiiIu as it \\as-, and I wished well lo the new
of(hit republic, met and defeate-d all her I troops, The object ol the instructions delivered to mankind in (the Ne>rlh than in I the South ; and t the people a great political, social, and mn''r.it blessing, as I whole ot Texas south of 30 dea30 min., which I rep-Julie. But I professed from ihe first an matter op-.
l.ene'.r teii her mountain passes, and occupied her by the founder cf Christianity was to touch Ihel.eatt, did not see, or did not think they saw, the evils so think I have heard it lately: described. Well, I sup suppose embraces all the slave territory-there is no ,I position to bringing her with her territoiy into the
c*| ital. The marine f.xres ol the Unite-d States purify the soul, and improve the lives < f individual prominent as they were seen, or thought to be seen, pose that this is owing to I hu.sudden, surprising, and land, not an, acre, (lie character ol which is not es- United Stales ; and ha vm and the Pacific. In li3 than two years a treats of the political and social relations of men, to Then, sir, when this constitution was formed, this South. So far as any motive but honor, and justice, without a violation of contract.i 1 stated my sentiments e>n that subject. It was
was negotiated which Mexico ccied to the raise the individual heart and mind of man. Nor-, was the light i in which the convention tie-wed i it.- and the general judgment has acted in forming their i hope, sir, it i is now apparent that my proposition, the first time 1 had occasion to advert to it ; and if
United State a vast extent of territory, extending sir, upon the genera I nature, and character, and lawfulness The convention reflected t the judgment and I he sentiment present opinions, (his cotton interest has doubtless so far as Texas is concerned, is made plain. And, I might ask a friend near me to read an extract from.
for even or tight hunde i milesalon<; the shores of of slareiy, there exists a wide difference cf ff the great men of the South. A member of acted. It was this which gave I to the South a new sir, provision in thess article*-as has been well that speech, 1 think it would be proper present it to
the PariCe, runnins; back over the mountains and opinion between the noithern portion of this couu- the other House, whom I have not t tl.e honcr to desire to promote slaveiy, to sprca.l it, and to use suggested by rny friend-lhat that part of Texas the Senate, Iho-iahit may be rather tedious. It was
cro;< the deserts, till it reached the Irorilier StateofTei try and the southern. It is said, on the other side, know, in a recent speech, has collected extracts this spcciss of lubor. I again say that tls was pro which lies noith of 3u i'.eg. may be formed info free delivered at Niblo's Garden in 1S31.
It f u happened that in the distracted and that if not t lie subject of any I injunction, or any direct fiom tlese ;published documents. They prove the duced by causes vyl,icb we must al.VrtV-j expect ta States, is dependent likewise i.pou the consent ol Mr. IIHEE-N E freai] as follows r .
lee'.ile' state of the Mexican goverumcint, bctoe the prohibition in the New Tc>tamcnt, slaveiy is a t trull 1 h of what 1 have said. The que-slion then was produce by elTccls. Men's inteicsls bccaue more Texas, herself a slaveholding State. Gentlemen, weall see that,by whomsoever 'po -, :
Itfi-Uraltcinof iva/ by the Uiiiied Stales agaiitil Me\- wrong ; I bat it is founded merely i in I Ihn rigid of t the how to deal with slavery, and how to dual with it as deeply involved in it. If we look back to (the history Well, now, how came it that these laws-when sessei!, Texas is likely to be a slaveholJing country a
iro hd become known in California, the people of strongest ; that it is like all unjtut wars ; like all an e\ hI. They came to this general lesull : they of the commerce of this country at the lime of it- it i ii said hy the honorable senator from South Carolina and I'.frankly avow my entinf illingness to do anything
C !ilornii,. nd--r the lir-ction Auierirmi oilJeers. tk.rnt. s..i..i_ ; vi..r... tliooui.i that *.l fi-iv pnnl<1.iiit( continue in the coun commencement what were our expoils ? Cotton that the free States have the majority-how which shall extend this slavery of Ihe African
perhaps-C. ton'l Doniphan in particularoverturnedtlie ; weaker nations to their x\il.! They think slavery in tiy, it (the importation ol slaves snourer {ease -. u l,1flJ tJsi39i.U.i1itty: J.'?! camp it that these resolutions of annexation, such as raceon t his continent, oz add *t her>la eholjing Slates
evietins; provincial government of California, of its nature-whatever can be said of it in the modifications I they I thcrfore provided t that for a certain period the tbeexota sir found that majority 1-riL'ii say ma' i regarui.inrtuii J'3Ie
? they
dollars of Why,
than thousand Congress
Mexican authority, and run up an independent tLi. which take place in it in fact-is not according inipottdtion ol slaves might be prevented by the action was hardly ft more forty or fitly till it now cs by a vast addition of northern votesjto great por- great moial, social, and political evil, I oolv use Ian f i
When the_ news arrived at San Francisco that war to the meek spirit" of the apostle ; it is mat( ol the new government. Twenty years were a year has goneon of increasing rapidly arid prices.In lion of the southern votes. It was made up of northern linage which has.br n aonletl! hy cistingui! hednien,
hal bee.ndeclared by the Tinted State against Mexico kindly afi'ection ;" it does not seek anol s.an.l proposed by some gentleman tint I hem gentleman, amounts, in a year large millions product dollars high! Then and southern vofe.s. In the House of 11 presenlatives t themselves citizens nf slaveImiuil I tug Stcs.l1 .
this independent fhg down and the it docs let the oppressed, o free."' J think. Many of the southern! gentlemenopposed it ( more than one hundred to favor
wa pulled not its own ; not of life it stood, 1 think about eiahty southern I shall do nothing, (then-lute or encourage -
star* and stripe* of this government hoisted iu its These are sentiments; that aiecherifhed, recently asbe-ii too long. M r. Madison especially was some there was more of tbx, more of indigo, more the South, votes for the admission Texas, and about fifty northern its farther e\tuiOi'fl. We have slavery already
stead. Stir, befme the war was over, the powers with greatly augmented force, among the people of what warm against it, and said it would bring too more of almost anything else exported saul aman us. The toiutitution, ; found it anion; us; it
ol the I'nited States, military and naval, had possession I lie titi*thici a State.- They have taken hold olthe( great an amount ot that mischief into the country to than of cotton. I think that I have the heard it of Mr.votes.DAVIS, of Masacbuettsin( his scat ) All recocuised; itand gave it e Kmn guaranties."To .
JelTeison negotiated
ol Upper California, and a great ruh otVtniEMIIU religious sentiment of that part of 1 the countiy, as allow the( importation( of slaves for sucii a period ; that when Mr. tiealy side. the( full extent of these guaranties,we are all
innn various ions of hold of the he-cause, in I the whole ol this dicuMon, when we 17') I with Great Britain, he did not know that any Ihe democrats were on one the constitution.
port I the world took place they have more or less taken religious and that when, MrWKP.STEK.. 1 shall not forget I hat. [Laughter bound in honor in justice and by
into California in IM'5' and ISI?. feelings of a considerable portion of mankind. ai e considering the M-ntiui.'iits and opinions i in which cotton was raised in this country ; theI la I he Seriate the votes stood 27 for the admiion All the stipulations contained in the constitution in
the United States ]
And now behoid another tnonder. In January, The South, uipoti the other side, having been ac- this constitutional provision oiiginate-d, we must under thnt treaty, which give i nl Texas, and 23 against it ; anti of these 07 I favor of the slavel.oUlin" States which are already in
tc1s the Mormorif, it is said, or f'me of them, ciuloiaod tothis relation between the races all their take along \* ills us (the fact that I the conviction of all I light I to Cirry t their own products i in I Iheir own ships I majority for its admission, not the Union .'iiil.t lo lue fulfilled, arid so'lar a.s iej! eiuUon

: made a discovery of an extraordinary rich mine of lives, (toni their biith-having been taught in gen men was, t thai if t the importation of slaves ceased, to lritisl! ports, a shipment of cotton refused was sent admit U votes less than constituting 13 of them a came fre.ra the tree State-3, and I true, shall belultilleJ it> the fullness nt their spirit
gal4-r 1 1 ; rather of a very great quantity ol gold, eral, tn treat the subjects of this boi.dage with came the white race would multiplx fa>te-r than (the black lowland, tie Uritish custom-house to I of them from New F.nzhnd. S> you see one-half and lo time exactness of their letter. Slavery as it
there -I t
haidly fried to be called a mine, because it lay so and kindness, and I believe, in general, to feel! for mace, and that slavery would therefore gradually it under the treaty, on the ground would of all the votes in thi.sbody for the admission of Texas exists in the Slates is beyont; the reach of Congress.
near tUe surface-at the lower part of the South orAwerieaa them gieat care and kindness, -have not taken (Ibis wear jut and Chire.It ) none ot that article raised in They all \\ith this immeasurable extent of slave teiitcry, "It is a concern of the States lhe-mselve They !
branch l of the Siti anieti u. They endeavored view of the subject which 1 have mentioned. may not bo improper here to allude lo lhat-I hardly say that no-.v. [Laughter ] Well! we formed free-soil votes. have nevej submitted it l to Congrtss, and Congress) k ;
tu conceal their dit-rovtry, and did so fur sometime There are thousands of religious men, with consciences had almoit! said celebrated-opinion ol Mi.I Ma Near the time another their brethcrnat You observe, sir.tlr.it, I t the ti-im slaveiy is not used in for our scut hern bi ci bren. It gratified their in act
satue discovery-|*rbaps as tender as those ol any ol if votcs,if poli'ical parties, of political" 1 shall concur, no no measnre,
their history
ol greater itpnrIanct-was made of gold in a the North, who do not see the unlawfulness of The Comist ii(II j'ti. Tl r constitution i' purpose, vhiuh shall in-
higher part of the American brancht the Sacramento slavery ; and then are mow, thousands perhaps, I that 1mmimive slat es shall be delivered up ; it requires Thai I desire grew with what it fed upon, and there men ot Texas as with this territory that a bird can- I (leifeveor i threaten to intetlere with the exclusive!
and near to the fort so calhd. The fame of I but, whatever t.ey nny think i of I it t I iu i its I origin, I that i pe-isons-' boijiiu t to service i in one Slate, and escaping soo-i came to be a greediness for other territory tl.e nut in a week. (Laughter.) New England, authority ot"theseveraiJjtatcsoverlhcsu\jVctof! sbvery.as -
cultivation fly over
those discoveries spread fur and wide. This xcitrd nndasa matter depending ujxin i.atwal li ht.ut into another, shall \\iv ck-liveml up. Mr. new area, or new areas, for the wilh of her votes, supported this measure it exists within their respective limits. All
more and more that spirit of emigration toward take things as they are, find l.ncry to l Ii. uu established Madison oppcs d (the introduction ol I Ihe let ma slave cotton crop ; and mu. s'ire-s w( re brought about, one some of the vofts of liberty-loving Connecticut this appears to be a matter &t r-km and imperative
California which had taken live and into the constitution tcr lit. said he did after another, under the lead of southern gentlemen Three-quarters
alreadlj place. Person* relation of 1 society wherethey I see or slavery ; for it in the other House, and dutj.
crowded in hundreds and fWk ; towards the bay 'if f no way iu which-let their opinions upon the ahbtiact not \ish to see i it I rece>gnised l bj I the constitution of> tt I the head ol t Ihe government, [they having a majorilv nna-hlf were here. given And there was one role for il in fbi when uc come to speak admitting new
San Krancibco. Tlii a, 1 have saiil, toot plarc iu question be what they may-it is in the powr the United Stales ci l America lhat there could Le concurring in both branches of (lie legislaturr I to the vote of the honcrable State, the subject assume an entirely different as
Maine-not, am happy say
the winter and spriflg ol Isis. TU* "di.iins":::; ; ( >t f the proaeiit generation to relieve thcinselvie prope.it> in man. *o accomplish these ends. ad-Jiesscd day before jc-sfer- pect. Our rights and our duties are both elitlcunt. ,.
who us
commenced in the spring ot that year; and from from this relation. And in this respect, candor All this look place in the convention of I 17S7 ; but The honorable senator from South Carolini observed member member of the
that time to this the carch for gold has been rrodCIItCI -- obliges; me to say that 1 believe they are just as conscientious connerted with I this, and contemporaneous! with i I it, in his speech liar other day that the North dayMr. HAMMN,] who \vas then a vote ** I ee, thereforeno political r.ccesrily f r the anxnexation
House Maine. T.'it (there \\as one
with at-uccess not heretofore knuwn in the many of them-arid i-f the religious! peo- is another iinpoitar.t; c t tht- Union-no advantage to be
lu'story of the globe. \\'e all know how incr luh' is ]jile! all of I Item-as we arc in the North, hoMhigdiflerent at I en Jet! to. The convent itfll for forming this constitution gaivel rttflVflt. I If that'bo_ t true, The North have acted from that Slate;aysir,there then was and one in ai the American public was of the accounts which (its! penliincnts. assembled in Philadelphia; in Mav and sal very liberally ana kindly, or else \e-ry weaKly ; ior -a gentleman district t in now which living the in i'iv judgment, of a elecisive cbarac'ter."'
icacueu us 01 uns uisco'eav. L.UI we all Know tliat \\ hvsir, t Ihe hoaorable member form JsouMi Carolina until 1 December. 1'b7. During all I I that I time t the t they have lies er exci ((1(1 the power which I thai majority formerly representing a e.f prevalence &dr.! WEBSTER. I have nothing sir, to atM nor a
: they received and continued to receive daily cotitiituation [Mr. CALHOL'N] the other d.iy alluded to the Cotiirress ol the United States vas in session at New gives them five I times in t the whole histoiy of ot free-soil sentiments has member for a couple of Con-rresd ye.mIsdekatcul totake back Ir:>rri these senimenf! That, siryotitNIll

; and down to the piesei.t momc-nt, 1 suppose se-paration of that great religious community, the York. It was a matter design, as we Know, that I the government. Whether they have been generous, (the choice of any who their Tote-s thus perceive ami the Senate will perceive, was i ia1S'
that I lie assii rances are as strong, alter the experience Methodist Episcopal Church. That separation was t the convent ion should not assemble in t tie5ameSlate! or whether I they were outgeneraled, I will not stop The body of eastern men took gave themselves t'ue >7. The purpose of immediate ly annexing Texas
of those several months, that there are mines of gold brought about by difference of opinion upon I hid where < ongress was holding its session. Almost all In discuss ; but no one acquainted with the history at thai lime, or soon after, upon at that time wa abandoned or postponed. It was
northern They
f the democracy.
apparently inexhaustible in the regions near San pailicular subject of slavery. I felt gient concern, I lie public men of t the country, t therefore, cf distinction of Ibis country can deny that the general lead in the nomenclature the> ( of this empire, If I not po-jponecf. It was not revived with any vigor'
wield desiny: may
Francisco, in California as they were at any period as that dispute went on, ;ibon| the result. I was 1 a iuul nun I incur?, weic I in one or I he other of t these politics of this countiy, during threc-fouilhs cf the were lo and their for some years. In the mean tine, i* so happened '
of the early transmission to us of those accounts.It anious-l 1 was in hope-that the difference of opinion two itfnlilies; and tliink it happened in seme iniaii'jc.s period which has elapsed since the lorwation of this call a republic ai empire in it to; briu into policy this country that I had become a member of the executive administration !
so happened that although in a lime of peace, might be healed ; because 1 look upon that teli- that the same gentlemen were members of governmentha been a southern lead.In and they persisted did it under and was I there for a short purled. in t he ;
it became a very great subject for legislative consideration gious community as one of t he great props fef religion lint Ii. If I mistake runt, such was the case with Mr. I I IbOJ( in pur-uit (.1 the idea [of opening new all the"territory they coulei. They in the Department of State. The annexation of Texas was
and legislative decifion to provide a territorial and morals throughout the whole country, from Uulus King, then a member ol Congiess from Massachusetts cotton resfions.the United: Slates obtained ihe cession 1,1edes-absuitmite pledges-in to the slavery,of this new a common subject of conversation-not confidential
government fur California ; but diffcienccs of Maine to New Oileans. The result was against mywi.hcs and at the same time a mnemnhcrtrumn Mas- from Georgia of her western territory, now cmbracin of Texas. Anl afterwards, case from -with the President and heads of elepaitmenfs. as it .
opinion in the councils of the have read all their sarhusetts lithe convention which 1hc ricli and growing State of Alabama. In Iiti3, ronrjiiest-when the honorable senator Georgia, serious
government prevent and against my hopes. I ( forim-d I the con / moved the Senate was wit It either! public men. Hut no attempt
ed the establishment of any such territorial government proceedings, all their arguments; but I have never stitution. It was in the summer ol 17S7, at the very Louisiana was purchased from France, out of which [Mr. BFHRIKN,] in March, 1SH, be was mde to brines il about.
for California at the last soesion of Congress. yet been able to come to the conclusion that there t lime when I the convention i in phi iladelphm is was framing the States of Loiiisimnar'.ansas; and Missouri, should declare I that the war ought not and prosecuted the dismer.ibeiment 1 left the department of.State in May, JS43anel
Under this state of things, the inhabitants of San was any real ground for that separation-in other this constitution, that the Congress in New have been formed as slave-lidding States. In II 19() for t the purpose of acquisition, conquest northern, t(14IlOt-- shortly after 1 learned from a source in ItO way connectcj --

Francisco and California, then amounting a giet wolds, that any good coulJ produced by that sep Yom k was framing the ordinance of 17' 7. And they the cession ol I 1 Florida was made, bringing another of i\Iexico-thmcsamne voted against it. It did nt get with uflloial information, that a desisrn had'
number of peisoas, in the summer ol last \car, aration. passed that ordinance on I lie f'itli: of July, I 17S7, at addition of slave-holding property and 1cm i story. retry unanimously suited the views, patriotism been taken up (lo bring Texas, with her slave territory
thouhgt it their duty to eclabliah a local govern Sir, when questions of this kind take hold of the New Yoik-Ihe very month, and perhaps the very The honorable setntcr from South Carolina I bought a vote from them It northern to bring and population into the United Stales.
ment. Under the proclamation of Geneial lliley, religious bcntiments of mankind, and come to l be JU- dny in which these finest lulls of I the importation of he saw in certain operations of the government, such and lofty sentiment of mountains iltnocracy and valleys of New I was here in Washington and persons are now
the people chose delegates fo a convention, and that cussed in re-lisious assemblies, by clergy land laity, slaves and the character of slavery were debated in as Ihe manner of collecting the revenue, and! the in a world among northern the of Mexico, and then here who well reineii.oer Shunt we had an arrangeel-
convention met at Monlerev. They framed a contitution there is always to be expected, and always to be- the convention i in PhiNlrlphia. So far as we can tendency of certain measures lo promote immigration Mexico, or the it bring part it in, and then pit upon meeting for conversation upon it. ) went home taMassachusells.ar.d -
for the State of Cafifoinia., It war- adopted feared, a great degree < f excitement. It is in the now learn, there was a perfect concuirence of opinion into the country, and so on, the causes for the quarrel about -to of the Wilmot Proviso [Laughter ;proclaimed i the existence of that
by the people of California in their primary character. nature of man, manifested by his whole history.lhal between these rcspclive bodies. It resulted in more rapid growth of the :Noilh I t than of t the South, it the saving grace sir there two eminent and purpose ; but 1 could get very lit tie attention. Some
were very
Desirous of immediate con.icvion with the religious disputes are apt to become warm. Men's this : The ordinance of 17S7, excluding slave-ry, was lie thinks that they.. were not the. ._.I operation..i. l... cf time..,......, ] Why, -, from- the-. north-. ', ana 1r.S.rusI. I would not believe! itand some were engaged m tneir
United State, senator were appointed, and representatives strength ol conviction is propoilioned lo their view applied to all the territory over which the Congicssof but of I-he sysTem- 01 government- -- wmen iiasuvtu | highly respectable persons in this Senate-I refer own pursuits. They had gone to their farms or l >
high position
chosen, who lave come hither, bringing of the magnitude of the question.In I the I'nitc! States hud jurisdiction ; that is, to all fstied. That is a matter of opinion. In a certainlflea.Ure then holding a with entire for I entertain a their intrehandise. It was impossible lo raise any
with them the authenticated constitution .of the all such disputes, there will sometimes be men I flu: ieiiitoiy noithwest of t the Ohio. Thu-e years it may be- so ; but it does seem ro mo that, (:md 1 II.!> so for both of them respect) to Mr. Dix, of New I sentiment in New England oi- even in Massachusetts
State of California, and they now pre.sont iheruelve to be found, wilh whom evmthing will be absolutely bcl re, Virginia and oilier States hnd mad a cession if any operations of the government can te shown high regard NileqofConfleCtietth10 voted for that should combine the two parties against
asking, in behalf of that State, that it mav be wrong or absolutely right They seethe right of that great territoiy( to the United States ; and a to have promoted t the population, andgrt>wlh t and and York admission, and Mr. of Texas. They would not have it annexation ; and, imlee-d, there was no hope, from
admitted into the Union as one of the United Sja'tes. clearly ; they think otheis ought lo ; and they are most magnificent act it was. 1 never re-llect upon it wealth of the North, there are sundry important the than it stood, and would have it as it did time first, of bringing the Northern Democracy into-
This constitution contains an express ;piobibilion disposed to establish a broad line of distinction between without a disposition lo do honor and justice-and distinct operations (If the government, aoout which otherwise Those two gentlemen would have I he resolution it. Even with the Whigs, and leading Whigs, 1 atn -
against slavery or involuntary ervitudc in the) Stated what they think right and what they hoi I to justice would be the highest honor-to Virginia for no man can doubt, tending to promote, and absolutely stand they are, and they voted for asbani.Lh to say, there was a great in.lilTcrtr.ee concerninzthc -
the annexation as
California. It is said, and I suppose truly, that, be wrong; and they are not seldom willing to establish that art of cession of the Norlhwe-tcru Territory.I .- known to have promoted, the slave Slates and of just with their eyes opsn to them. auiiexatiui* cf Texas with tier slave territory
ofthe rnemberftvno composed the coneiit ion, some I I hat line upon I Ihcir own conviction of I the I truth I will say, sir, that it is one of her fairest claims to slave territory at the South. Allow mo lo say that (them just as they honorable are, friend from South Carolina, inti> Ibis Union. At thai time I was out ..ofCongress.
thirty were natives and bad been resident of the and justice oftheir own opinions. They aic willing the respect and gratitude of the United States, and it was not time thai brought Louisiana in, but the act Why, sir, my who addressed us; the other day, Theannexalion resolutions passed the Ixt'
flaveholding Slutc*. and the residue, perhaps aboul to mark: and guard by placing along! it H series of t that perhaps it is only second lo I flint other claim of man ; it was not by (the silent operation of tioie [Mr. CAUIOUN of State. Hi* correspondence of March, IS 15. The lesUlatnre of Texas complied I
twenty, vr ete not sod dogma*, as lines of boundary ate marked by posts which attaches to her ; which is, that from her conn- that Florida came in, but by the act of man ; and, was then Secretary His correspondence with Mr. with the conditions and accepted the guaranties ; fort '
Mr. H AL} U'ill.the honorable, senator give way and stones. sels, and from fhcciilelligence and patriotism of her (lien, to complete these ads of man,which have contributed had' been the y.i.olUhed.charge d'affaires of the United States to the phraseoiozy ofthe annexation resolutions is that -
till order is restored.Mr. There are men who, with clear perception, as leading statesmen, proceeded the first idea put in I so much to enlarge the area and sphere of Murphy, all befme those gentlemen j and ho loud Texas is to come in on the conditions and under
CASS. I fruit Mr. the lMiot see how too hot time formation of constitution : iiiilution slavery,Texas-great, vast, illimitable Texas, was herein "
PrcHdent.that scene they think, of their own practice for a general (his boldness and candor to avov in that cons esptin. the guaranties prescribed.
ot the other day will not be renewed to-div. The a pursuit of one duty may involve them in the violation of the United States. Texas-was added to the Union ad a slave the that correspondence, that I happened lo be returned to the Senate in March,.
the dence and then 10 publish
Sergeant-at-Artn should) display more energy, and of others, or how too warm an rmbracemeiU of This ordinance 17S7appyin5lhuso] the whole State in 1843 : andjthat, sir, prclty much closed sought by the annexation of Texas was 1S-I,*>. and was here in December, 1s-t.).* yhen the -
take care to preserve older.! one truth may lead them to disregard other truths territory over which the Coiigresa of the Unjted chaplcr and settled the whole account. It closed thegreat strengthen object I the slave interest in this country.Mr. acceptance l liy Texas of the conditions proposed by .. _
The VICE PR 'I DENT. The Servant Arm* equally important. As I heard it slated strongly. States bad any jurisdiction, was adopted nearly two (Iho whole chapter and settled the whole account, to CALHOUN. (interposing.) In this matter, Congres* was laid before tig by the President, and au: "

will clone the doors, and permit no more to be admitted. sir, not many days ago, these prison* arts disposed lo year* bcfotc the constitution of the United Slates because the annexation Texas, upon the she conditions admit which 1 consider of so. much importance, I deem it act for the consummation pf the! connexion was before _
mount upon some duty as a war-horsa, to drive furiouly went into operation ; because the ordinance look effect and under the guaranties upon which was set the honorable senator from Massachusetts the two Houses. The connexion was comple. 4 _
Order being restored, on, and upon, and over, all other duties that immediately upon its pasage, while theconslitut ted,did not leave tin acre of land capable of being and roy duty right.to 1 did not put it upon the around aisunud ted. A final lawTdotn thedeeel, annexation was 1 _
Mi. WEBSTER returned. It is fliU circumstance may stand in time way. !<>n, after having been framed, was to be sent lo cultivated by slave labor between this Capitol the by the senator. I put it upon this ground: ultimately adopted. When it wa* on iU rtasMs; '
hat has contributed to raise-I do nut say that it There are men who, In limes of that sort, ami in the States, to be debated in their conventions, and ll-eRloOTar-'de- or the Nueces, whichever u from proper that Great Britain had announced to this here, I expressed my opposition to it, and recorded
*M wholly raised-a dispute upon the propiielyolhe disputes of that sort, arc of opinion that human duties to be adopted by them, and then the government was boundary Texas. Not an acre from here loIhe irt so many words, that hen hjct my vote ; and there the vote slanels. with the observations *; >
aJmig.ion, i>f California into the Union under may be ascertained with the precision of mat ho.matics. lobe organized under it. This ordinance.therefore, that moment, sir. The whole country, government to abolish slavery in Texas and through I mad. upon that occasion. It happened I 4
nese) circumstances. They deal with morals ns with mallunnt- was iu li II operation and force whan the constitution western boundary of Texas, was fixed, pledged, was Texas in the United States. And the ground I put between 1637 and IhU lime, that, on various occasions I
It is not to be denied Mr. Preident-noiod)' (Cs. and they think that what i is right may be dir.inguiihed was adopted and its government put in motion, decided to be slaveholdin tcrrilory by the most am- it upon'wasthUthatf t {: Great Britain succeeded inner and opportunities, I haveexpressed my entire .
"m**f denying_that, H hat ever reasons were as'wgned from what is wrong with all the preriionof in March or April, 17S9. pie guaranties of law. which, I it would be impossible for our frontier to be opposition to the admission tifslave Stales cr the r
fur th commencement cf the late war with algrebraic equation. They have, I hen fore, Mr. President, three things are quite clear as historical And I now say, as the proposition and upon firmness of object, against the operations of abolitionists, and acquisition of new slave territory lobe added to the -
Mexiro, it was prosecuted for Ihe purpose of Ihe ac- none too much charity toward others who differ truths : One is, that there was an expectation stand this day, and upon time truth overthrown, that secure that this was bound lo protect w, under United State I know no charge in my own sentfmenla a
lUMition of territory, and under the argument thai from them. They arcapt to think that nothing is lhat upon Iho ceasing Iheimpcrlalion of slaves which I intend to act until within it is the United States, the guaranties ofthe constitution, in such state cit or in any own purposes in that respect. I wi 1
he cession of territory vas tIn, only form in which good but what it perfectly good ; that there are no from Africa slaveiy would begin to run out. That there i* not M this moment foot of land the t Ihing only now, sr: read very briefly one other extract _
,roper COmPenSation could be made fo the United compromises or modifications to be made in submission was hoped and ex-pecteJ. Another is, that so far as or within I he Territories, a single its free-soil Mr.* WEBSTER. I suppose .it amounts fo exactly from a speech tif mine, made at a convention held in I '

..Mates by Mexico for various claims and demands todiflerencc opinion, or indeference lo othermen's there was any power :n Congress to prevent the character of which, in regard to fixed being some law the thin; It was, lhat Texas must be obtained SprinnfisW, HIjssachujsettgSeptember 27. 1847: ,.
by same ;
which l the people of this country had against her. judgment. If their perspicacious vision enables spread slavery in the United Slates, Hut power territory or Uve territory, U not the brute security ofthe South; and (that was (the object We hear much just npw of a jrandea for llo'dangers ,, -
law beyond '
At any rate, it will be found, that President 1'olk, in them lo delect a spot on hue face of thn situ, was rxecuted in (he most absolute manner arid to and some irrepealable law-a Now, 19 power not act foith in correspondence.' I liave'occasiou to and! eviUof savelI! antI slave annexatioij .E:
a message the cotnmtnccrr.ci} tithe! beiikn in they think that a good reason why tIme sun should the fullest extent.! An honorable cnt1emanwlio.e of the cfion cfthis government. .




J -I-Iihjcti I4 -- -

--- -p_._____________ _________ .
tLt' call the Hll/nol Proeito.' That ci iinljrit *ill not do a thing unnecessary that wounds the feel l ly than before ; their rivets were more strongly fast: free to form one government and dioso that are slare- at New Orleans. Under a treaty with Spain, we hail sistanco and a forcible -
found ajuitcentimc.it, but il II i in i Ic not a sentiment sentiment ings of others, or that does disgrace to my own underUndinc. ened. .Public opinion, wWchTin Virginia had begun to h holding to form another ns a moral impossibility. >% c a right to the navigatiein of the river as far as New U That is volution Of that ultimate That is
o new
I.D which any MasfAchusetlii party upon whig* Ciller. There a is i be exhibited against slavery, and was opening out for could not separate die States by any sucli line, if wewere Orleans, and a right to make dtj-osite-s in the port of r tion, I have not he m speaking. I know night --
a ma* in Ihu hall \vha huld* to it more firmly than 1da. Mr. President, in die excited time 5n whkrh we live the diwusbion of the question, drew hick and shut itself r to draw it. We could not Mt dow n here to-day New Orleans. The Ppam>h authorities interrupted[ of ncet sity doc exist. I forbear from 'Jf i

nor on a who adheres to it more than another. there is found to exist! a date crimination and recrimination up in its castle. I wish to know whether any body in I anti draw-a line ofwparatiou that would satisfy any that right, and that interruption produced a great aci- be-vnusel do not wish to nm.iito a'dwcn going rioW 3 ,

1 f eel Komelittlciute-re-t in t hi* matter, sir. Die* between the North and Snidi. There are lists Virginia can now talk as Mr. Randolph, Guy. MeDow- five men in the cenmtry. There are natural causes I tttonathe West, and I may say throughout the I nature of this Government. The honorable
of grievance produced by each ; and those grievance!", ell and others talked there, that would wholoLoited States. The then in and myseJf have i
not I commit tny* lf in Ife3s to the whole doctrine openly and sent their remarks keep and tie ns toeetliT -M"'ial and domcftii1 gentlemen opposition broken lancet sufficiently oft

fwllyentirely f And I inu t be? permittrd to that real or supposed, alienate the minds of one portion < f m to the press, in 1832.'e al know the fait, relations which we could not break if weouM.. a highly respectable jKirty-the old Federal I em that subject

2 cannot quite ronentlhat more recent elincoverer nay ibo country from the other, exasperate the feelings.iibdue and we all know the e-aino, and everr thinir that tl-is md hid, we should not if we could. Sir nob<>
thould) claim the merit and take out n patent. < the Men ? of fraternal coi.nexion' and {uitriotie agitating ]K
I deny the priority e>f the invention. Allow tncto love and mutual gard. I i-hall bestow a little attention but to restrain, not to set free, but to bind fester the moment-nobody can *v where it* jMipnlation is the arms to acquire that territory. Mr. JetTvrsoii more i ne>t. and! I have quit- as little. Tlieto getmirm La4

say, iril H tint tht'irlhnndi'r.We Fir, upon the various grievance's produced on the slave population of the South. That my judgment. jrkwt dense and cnwinf. without, iKiinif ra.ly to admit prudent, desired to procure it by purchase. A purcliae the oei-nsion* on which tin.-** great ae'uuajtjn1

.. are to use the first and last? and every ore* ono' wdo and on the other. I began with! th
tion which offers to oppose the extension ol idavepower. of die South. I will not answer further than 1 neighborhood, very honest good pcoiie(l misled l, as I I F will be in the valley of the Mississippi. iinef to ifive an outlet to the West to the ocean. That n'tedly wise and skilful public men havin "

have, the general statements of the honorable Senator think, by strange: cnihuni ; but they wUh to elopomcthbie Well, now, sir, I beg to inquire what die wildest enthusiast was the immediate exiuje of the acquisition of Louis j jet-t accomplish, may take advantage t>t

But I from South Carolina, that die North has grown upon and they are called on to owitribuY<' and I has to the iana. Neiw, sir we onio to Texas. Indian ware are occasion
apeak of it h,, *, a in Congress as a politi- say on possibility of cutting off that t Perhaps no gentleman an ; a fear of the. ,
cal question-a ( IP'tlOfl f--r statesmen to act upon.We .-- the South in consequence of the manner of administering they do<' tribute ; and it is my firm opinion this day, river and leaving free States at its source an.l its branches : hail more to elo with the) acquisition of Texas if Texas by tho British was an occasion ; but ix-cpas,*

must so regard it. I certainly do no1' m.-an to this Got eminent, in the collecting of its revemief, that within the last twenty years as inue'h money Inn* and slave Stafc-a down near it month f 1'ray, than myself; and I aver, Mr. President, that I won].! tho occasion earne, under the pressUre t>f hj wh

4 *ay that il is l
that it ii not more important in many other points e>f fiev inclination to enter into them. Uut 1 will tate ditwecomplaints. prenscy, end abolition lecturers as would }>nrcha' c the that thmesi- timings are worthy e>f their pondering and'I Stat s t> have made* any movement at that tirnc don *, it was done, and done skilfully. Let ume

; but a* a legislator in any official% capacity, -5pecially one complaint of the South, which freedom of every slave man, woman, and child in the of their eoiwide-ration. J lerc. sir. are five ir.illio.iM eif for time acquisitie.n of Texas ; and I gr further, if I thing further ; and! that i is, that if slavery were say|Jo.eIshed

I must look at itconsider it, andeK-cide it, as a matter baa in my opinion jn .t foundation ; and that is, that State eif Maryland, and send them al to Liberia. I I freemen in time free States north of the river Ohio : know myself. I was incapablo of acquiring any territory : jw it was guppiMol t., have IWn, throughout

political action." there has been found at the North among individuals have no doubt e>f it. Hut I have yet te; K irn that the can any l bmly suj.pibuj that this |population eaa be severed simply on th.' ground that it was to be an enlargement Mcxiea, before the revolution and theentaHlHbmfB'.o/'j

On) other occasions, sir, and in debits here, I have and among the legislators of the North, a diwnelirw-, lienevolenec of these abolition HK-ie-tiM las at any time l by a line that divides them from the territory e-f of slay territory. I wemld just as frcc-Iy the Texan
i-spreesed my dcte-rininatioii to vote f.ir n> ae.juisitioiii tion to jx>rforiu fully their constitutional duties in regard taken that particular turn. {L-iwrhter.] a foreign and an alien Government, down soine-whiTe) have 3snhiroui l it, if it had been: on the: Northern aon have put iest.ion of Texas by purchase, u meai.g rI ,

or annevatiotis, North, Se-uth. Kast yr Wct.- to the return of jiernons bound! t<> service \\ho have Again, sir, the violence of time i're't ii complained of. tht> lord knovs where, upini the lower banks of the the! Southern side. No, srvtry: eliifcrent motives actuated I>re exiting iu booorr.injT a British pe-ssesnion, I i

My opinion has 'joen that v\e have ten itury cnoujh escaped into the free Sjtatcfi. !In that r fK ot, it is my The prej-s viole-nt Why, sir. the pre-wuis violent e-vcry Mississipjii 1 What would hi conic e>f Missouri f Will I me. I knew at a very early period-I will not that object could Lave been secured by moling pput it !

and that we lioud! IHC the.Sjiartan maxim : Improve : judgment that the South is right and the North is w he-re. There are e>utrageoun rt-proaelrs in the North she join the arondisM-inent of the slave States f Shall I 20 into the history of it-tho British Government had I free territory of the United States as well as gterritory. m

adorn what \ou haveseek no (nither wrong. JCvery mendK-r of every Northern Ixgislatiir against the South, and there are r pn ehes in not the man from the Yellow Stone and lie! Mad River given eueoura< eijunt l j the abolitionists of the Um'teJSates I .

I $think, sir, that it observations I is IsHind by vith to Hipjmrt! the constitution of the much better taste in die South again the be connected who
was on some North.Sir. .-- mum tha new K.-puWio with die man : were rcpre-sciitcd at this World's Convention. Sir, in my great deuce not to prolong tiii JeU i
made here on the I Itrec nvlllioii loan bill, t titvowcd that i L United States : and lhi) artieleoftliecoiutituti

that ntinent. It i is bhort and (Hie se-nti- says to these States tin y t-hall) deliver up fugitives from lent ; they mistake loud alum! violent tale for eloquence Florida' Sir, I am Hummed to pursue this line of re agitated in that Convention. One gentlemen state-el I under the motion of- the honorable Senator

t! cnt hss been av.uM-d as any talks loudest dislike it--I have an utt.r disgust for it. I that Mr. Adams infonnet.! him that if the British Gov troin Misjiouri, propowng: an amendment to the .
)placed) and Inforeat many people of the Unit.-d 3 other nriicK No man fulfils his duty in any Legi- reasons the Ix-st. And this we must e pt, when the would rather hear of natural blasts and mildews eminent wished to alx>li-Ii slavery in the United jf the honorable member from Illinois and rtJa.tion

States. as an humdlc iontirnunt of mine has bccnarovveJ. lure who sets himself to find excuse, evasion, !press is free, as it U here and I war, ; tltt
from emea1'us trust always will be-- stilunex', and famine, than to hear gentlemen talk of Stat- they must !begin with Texas. A commission: !is, upon{ tli** propriety and exp Jincy of'admittkij

this constitutional) duty. Iluue I always thought for, with all its licentiousness, and all its evil, the entire ci-flson. To break up to break uj this great G, vcrnrMnt was w-iit from this \Voui.i's Convention in the IlritlshSe.retary California, coder all cireiumstancev just anu ttlie j.....
IJut. noc. sir, what in onrcondition; ? Texas iin i that the! constitution addressed itself the 1 Iegiil.ituri- and absolute freede
to m-if the
>ni essential to dismember f
prit.s M to m this gre-it country-to aston e> State, I/.rd Ab.-rdt.-cn ; and! it so happened Time more general minjcc-U involved in this
M-ith all he-r tcrritoriosi, as a lave State with solemn of the States themselves, or to the States thcnm-lvc the pn-m-rvation of quesujare )
government on tba basis of free ish luropo with that
a an act of folly uch as Europe fr two l n gentleman! was present vvlu-n the inter now before the Senate under the revolutions of the
pledge-s that if she is divided into many State-s, those It says that tint*; iiorson* escaping to other States shall eiinstitutboim. Wherever it exis-ts, there will be foolish cewiuiert has never beheld in Government No view took place between I.orJ Aberdeen and die commit'iee honorable member from Kcntncky. I will

30 States may come in a* slave States soul hot t 3-i degrees be delivered up, and I confess 1 have always been of |ianurrapliM and violent p.-ira minirtc-s. l
How ate we to deal with them ? I the opinion that it was an injunction the States arc, 1 am sorry to say foolHi pjufehe-s and violent I are: not serious la-n it occurred. I iirti j
know of upon \v they talk of s-e-oession. Abcrd.icn till into the j rojcct and j for iritrei lueiiig time subject, and for the lueii
no way ot honorable lepi ldtienbnt, when themselves. When it is in very
the lime said that a i Iserson wnpii2: KjiecchcM both Houses e>f Congre-sn. Jn short wf, I Sir, I hear there is to be a Convention h-M at ?oishville. gave full .ne.ur3geuuermt to the litionLsts.. Well I, speech which ho made, and! which has ben s.,
fe mncjj
cornea >r enactment to into effort all I into another
catty State nnd becoming therefore \\ithin the must say that, in my opinion' the vernacular I Ixjund sir it is
that have tongue ajn to believe that if worthy gen tie-men well known that turd Aberdeen was a very read throughemt the whole country. I am also nniler
honorable\\e friend stipulated. I do not agree with tnv jurisdietion of that State, shall be delivered up it < eiiisU I of the eountry hw: become) greatly litiatfl, depraved, meet at Nashville in Convention, their ol.je-ct will be direct, and, in my opinion, 3 very honest ar.d! worthy great obligations to the honorable member front Teamtwee
1mm Tennessee% that as soon as > me the imj>ort of the is that the and corrupted 1 by, the eif to -
here passage State itself,. style our e.-oncTe.irHi.il debates adoj.t counsels conciliatory advise the South to man ; and when Mr. Pakenham was smut hero to negotiate fr the light which he has shed upon this nhje

to numbers H room, for another! uld representative-, according in obedience to the constitution, i-hall cau'c him to be | 'iughter.| And if it were possible for our debater in forbearance and moderation, and! to advise time North with regard to Oregon, and! incidentally with] >ct ; and, in some rrspeefs it will be seen that I elif.ftr -.
we su> neate a new State. The delivered ,. (
; mm) That in my judgdnicnt. I have always I .fl1gZrt1s tim vitiate tin* principle; of the people as much I to forbearance and moderation i-es-jx-ct tt> Texas he ordered little the
truth, with ; and! to inculcateprin ; was to re-ad a declaration very from leading projects unbmitted
repaid that I think be this by
o to
: entertained it nnd -nteitnin have
it now. Hut when tlmtsul.jtct. as they depraved their taste, I should out lilieS of brmtimimIlove and! to this Government
When we have created States cry atl'eetion, and! attachment stating that the British Govern-, either of these honorable gentlemen.Now. .
new out ol t Territorie-s *
I, God '
we have generally the idea that \\Iie-n Borne years aero, was Iiefore the Supreme Court: nave the KcpuMic t<> the Constitution of the country as it now is. I IHlicve -- nie-nt was anxious to put an end to slavery all over the I sir. when the direct question of the admiwiunof
pine upon of the United States the Well in
all this I solid!
of the
there was population enough to entitle them ) majority judges held see no grievance, no grievance if the Convention: meet at all, it will be- for this world, commencing at Texas. It is well known fur- j California shall be before the Senate, I
to propose-
a that the power to cause fugitives from nervier in I-. .1..t\: ._ produee-d by the South, within the riilre, mr flit tlu-r that
i 1' for certainly at the
purjx.se ; if they for timea iircre.tiation ,, but In-fore other
uirmuer 'j'l.ui'ii' or >ucli number shou.u mee-t antiirwsj- very was ioinr' i n not every gentleman who has a wish
we eretl up w w a power to be exercised under the author Government, but the single one tim wlmidi J have refer- h.wtde to the Cnion they have be !between France and England n l-> n address the Senate shall
create .1 State II be thought dilfen-nt thing en sinsularlv maphtruIim.iate to accomplish that ob | to have gratifieel that desire
a of
may this ( -
ity ioveruinent. I do know roil and that i is the of
not ,on the whole, ; want a proper regard to tin in in their se-Ieetion ject, and! Government
where a Slat in divided, and two or three are made that it of a place. I rememWsir. our was thrown by stratagem: i -to bay seHHttliing upon the boundaries of California
may not have been n fortunate: decision. junction of the e-oiistitutk.n for the; delivery of .that when out of the
out of one. 11 doe* not follow that the wrne lule of habit is i to the result My slaves. fugitive" time tre-nty wasewneluded lctwcen Fnmee': negotiation ; and that object was, first, to upe>n the constitutifMi of California, and upon the eipedkncy. -

Appointment must prevail. Cut that, sir. i< a matter the ropeet ofjudicial: deliberations, and and hngland at the peace of A miens, stern old Kri"hshman : induce Mexico te> acknowledge the inelepe-n.Ienee of unde-r! all the circumstances, of adiwltinu
of There
for te consideration rf Congress. When the solemnity judicial decisions. But, as it now are al o complaints of tk- North against the nnd! orator, wh> disliked the terms of the. Texas, upon the trround that she would abolish it. All her with that crmstitutiem.
proper time arrive*, I may not be here. I may have lelivered, the business of seeing that these fugitives are South. I n iil not go over them (KirtieuLii-Iy. The jK-ace us imioin.iious; to Knnrland, said in the 1 foiise-r die-scare matters of history ; and where is the man Mr. CALIIOl.'N. One word, and I have done

no vole to give on theocca ion ; but [ wish to be distinctly up resides' in the [nwer of CongrcM> and! the first an.l grave-st is, that, the North adopte blind! -lam sure the Senator from Massachusetts isn.tso and that word is, that notwithstanding the acquisition;

undfrsj.>od thia day, that according to my national judicature, nnd my fri< nd at the head of the tutu and 'mm,neil iIui/ili.t. ; the cxisuriee of,]. very in the State, of the treaty he would turn in hicoffin.. let rue commend -: blind-as not to sec that if the proje-cteif Great of the vast territory of Texas represented by the Scnnfor -

iew of the matter, this government i ia nolemnly Judiciary fore the Committee has a bill eu the subject now be iognising the right to a: certain extent of representation the Mying. in all its vmphasw and in all its force-, (Sritain had been successful, the whole frontier of the from Massachusetts, it w the fact that all that ad-
Senate with 4ftho slav.-s
pledged by ianl.tocre.ite! new Stalesjoul ofTrxas\\ h some ameiidment.s to it, which I in C'ongn, under a state efHeiitimeiitand to any rxnly who shall meet at Nashville! for th- purpose stati of I/nii.siana and! Arkansas and the adjacent elition to our territory made i it by no means equal to

her consent, when her population shall just ily such propose to support with :,ill its ,provisions, to the fullistextent. exjKvtation whieh do not now exist and uif eiime.rting measures for the overthrow e.f the St'ite-K, would have l Isen exjK H.-el to the inroads e.f what the Neirthcrn! States bad exclude.1 us from before
And I desire to call the attention of till uoberniinded that, bywists, by cireuminecj., bv the I.mon: of this lritisi! ,
B proceeding, and, KO tar at those new States: are eagerness f.f country over the Esinesof Andrew JaekSOII. crmm.sani.s. Sir, FO far as I was concerned, I rhat acquisition. The territory lying west between
of all the Smth .-
formed out of Texan ten itorx lying south of 3'3 i degrees all men. conscientious men in the North of to Kquireterritory and extend their slave limit it exca>ivcly upon[ that ground. I never would?, the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains is three

39 minutes, to let them in a* slave State*.- men \ lionre in>t carried away by any iimatical idia or |viimlation. the North finds itself, j 1mm, regard to the influence Sir, I wish to make two rematkin.i haste n to aneluMori. run into the l folly of re-annexation, which I always fourth- of the whole .rt' Louisiana ; and that which lies
falne idea
That iithe meaning of the resolution which, by any whatever to their constitutional obligations. of Ilk South and the Nortim, of the free States ,, I wish to saY. in heM! to be iirVurd. Nor mir
our I it all and the regard to Te.xns, that i it t would! I put it upon the between the Miv-issippi and! the Ohio, abided to that,
to the slav.Sut
sober wl 1mm
Irind*, the noithern democracy, have kit in hereto the North put and sound minds at : : -s. re it never did exHi-t| -t to find it should bo hereafter at any time tho plciMir- the irromiil-which I might well! have put it-of connmrcial make-s a rnue-h greater extent of territory than Florid.

fulfil ; and I I. for one, mean to lulfil it, because 1 a* a question of morals and a question ofconscience r it.* If when they nit.-red the eomct, eif the constitu Government of Txns to .t.iht! iii tlL. Tinted Stte aIN and mamifae-turing considerations ; because those and! TC.VLS null that portion of Louisiana that has fallen,
will not violate the Wliat right have they, in their tion, nicy ci dim i1laiim, therefore I that instead .nti'im
faith of the government. legislative e.f slavc- larger or smaller of h assign what U to cur fclwrc.
Now to California and capacity, or any other, u endeavor to round this r> !being r1l'f-rir'j'-'l a' 811 3 as it New I .,._-... ,-, *.- -
HJ New Mexico. I hold nlnvery get ; was then, an evil I adjacent to Mexico: and! north of die'SId i of north tv i* mr as commere-e arul manufactures wtrejeoncerned

to be vxcluded from thow Territories by a law even constitution, to embarrass the free exercise of the rights whieh all ho.d| would extingnishe-d, gradually, it i is i latitude, for a fair equivalent; in money or in du TMVrnent I would not haTe moved In the matter at

uperior to that which) admits! and! sanctions it in Te-x- secured by the constitution to the jitrsomms vhosc slaves now regarded by the South as an institution tolx'eherislied of her debt. I think it an object well worthy that early period.The The Slavery Agitation,

n. I iu<*ftu the law eif nature-of pliyxical jo
-the law of tho formation of the earth. The )tow c t- in the forum of conscience imr before the face of the the South has extended to the utin( t of her i wer bv in it myself, if I should be in the public! councils men voted for annexation. Wiy! sir, it was natural wind that Lluws nobody good." When (he

lie, forever with a constitution are they justified in my opinion. Of th.aojuisition of new territory. Wdl. then : of the that should be desirous
strength beyond all terms of human course passimmL, c-uuntry at the time. they e>f fulfilling the obligations
t'liftctmi'nt, that it is a matter for their consideration. from that, every body in the North re-ads I have of tin- slavery agitation l began to i assum? a threatniii -
slavery cannot exist in California They probably: ; and! even one remark to make. In my observa constitution ; and, besides, what man at

or JC ew Mexico. Understand in*. eir : I mean livery in the turmoil of the times, have not stojijn'il to consider bHy re-ad.s whaticvtr the newsjijrs; ef ntaiii ; and:I tions upon slavery as it has e\i>u-el in the country, and that time doubted that the Missouri! compromise line ::;; aspect, that M, within two or three years,

fls we regard it : slave in tho gross, of tin- colored of this : they have followed wliat Heems t<) !be the the niws.ajK.-rs| some of them espeeinllv; thoseprcsM ito as it now exists, I havecxj.ressed lid) i.hifla.lm: ; of the. would IK adopted, and'! that the territory would fall entirely weregardeil it as a Pandora's box filled with

race, tnintfrahlo by sale and delivery like vther pro current thought au.l of motives for the
perty. I shall not jisx.-i that point. I li-xve it to the they neglect to investigate fully the real question and among the jn-oj.le cv\ry reprewelfu, | Kciitinient ntten-d I s-iy, however th. rgh! I have nothing to for 'it that time was the extension of that line. The-ir look around and with

K'ariift) gouuVmen who have utidettAken to ..Incus it : to consider their constitutional obligations ; as I lam by any Southern man U-aringat all agiinst the Nmirtimt.vcI.y that subje-ct. }because-I do not d-e-m myself proph-e e.n course, in my opinion was eminently correct anil in, pregnant mischief

but 1 suppose there is tio slave of that .Wcrij:
California now. I understand that jieonism., a sort ot alacrity. Therefore, I n jn-at. sir, that here i is a ground and there are many sueh things, as every Ixnly will admit from thSf.nth sh.-.ll propwe a scheme any eifcolomitiiiii. "eiitleman -- Now, Mr. President,having made these correct tons., recalls to mind! the maxim we have quoted.'he .-

penal sen itude.exists llu-re, or rather a "irt of voluntary of complaint against the North well founded w hieh from the S.uthor some jK.rtion of it. which are ) to IKearried: e.n by this Govtrnine-iit I must go back! a little] further, and correct a f'-nte- '! I u irmils and reveling 'f the Nom ib, hare

sal1 of n man and hit ull. pring for debt, as it is ought to be removed, whieh it is now in the J> >W T of spread abroad among the reading jHvj.Je ; and they do large scale! for thetraiisp! rtiition of free colored np..n a- { merit, which I think the Senator has left very eU-fec- engendered bitter prejudices among us, and

firranged and oxitti in some parts! of California und the dill'erent departments of this
Xovv Mexico. But what I mean t-j say w, that African move ; whieh calls for the enactment of proper laws \iou.sjflxt: ui .ii the public mind at the North. Sir quite disposed to incur .dmost any degree of very correctly that it e-ommcr.ccd antler the Old Confe.Krati are becoming deeper as the pro

slavery, as we we it among us. is as utti-ily impossibleto authorizng; the judicature of this (iovernment, in the i 1 would not notice things of this sort aj.j-oarmir in obscure to accomplish that obj'-ct. Nay, sir, following: t-xH.-nse| in ; that it was afterward nfirmed by Ce>nrrc 1 vocation continues. This is to be lamented,

find itself,, or to be found in Mexico as any other natural several States, to do all that: i.s necessary for the rapture i quarters ; but one thiii
impossibility. California and New Mexico are of fugitive slaves and for time restoration of them ] late whieh struck me very forcibly. An hone.rable man, than a Senator froiri New York, I vvoiilil return time, wltile the Ce>nventie n sat in Philadelphia ; ariel i i we are not to blame because it i is not so.-

Asiatic in) their formation nnd Mviu-ry. They are composed to those who claim them. WJierever 1 go, and whenever member Irom J/.uisi.-ma nddn-ssej us the other day on t to Virginia---through her for the benefit of the whol.- that: there was concert eif jiction. I have not looked f The Noilh has provoked it by a rirsrf out-

of vast_ ridges of mountain of enormous hfijrht. I speak on the sul.Jes.t-atml when I speak hre I thin Mibj.-et. I 5Uit'*. th.-re i.s not a more amiable S.uth-all the money re-ceive-,1! from the lan.Is and I into the ordinance very recently, but will I
with sometimes broken desire to, speak to the whole North I and worthy gentleman in this eimammlar-a memory rage and wrongs that art as familliar: (to every
of that coded thai
ridges deep ra'deyw.] The say the gentleman territories by h.-r to this Government for serve me Cir, that Mr. Jefferson introduced his

LL.j ol ttiese mountains ure ban-on, entirely barren, South has been injured in this rcMHft.nnd fm ., t.; i.to who would be more slow to o.,iv.' offi.nf.. "..,".. i-.i.""}., "tie-h uurus'se as to relieve in whole or in nart, OP any in first preijMisitiou exclude slavery in ITS I. There- Southron us lioust-hold words. The consequences -

their tops capj)ed by perennial snow. There may l be complain : and! the North has been too careless of nnd lit- did not in :iii in him re-marks to /give olK.in.eIat .- any way to diminish er .leal U-ncfu-ially with the fr.-. was a vote taken upon. it, ariel I think on that vote are becoming apparent. The, South

in California, now made free by its constitution, and what 1 think the constitution jioreinptorily and emphat what did he say ? Why, sir, lie took pains to col jred |M.j,ulatioii of the Southern, States. I have said i every Southern Senator voted against it ; but I am not is seeking tu become independent of the! North

no doubt there are, m>mc traet-s of valuable! land. lint ically enjoins upon it ns a duty. run a *>ntnist In'tvvevn time f-lavis eif the South ammd the that I honor Virginia for her cession of this territory certain of it. One thing I am certain of, that it was manufactures of

Jt i is not so in New Mi-xieo. Pray, what is 1 lie evidviwe Complaint has been made against certain resolution* laboring: ]*-op|. of the North, giving the prcfcre-nee- There have bee-n receiv e-d into the treasury of, the I"! three years be-fore the ordinance could pass. It was by encouraging every sort at

which any gentleman has obtaim-d 0:1 this subject from that emanate from -gi.-latures at the North, and! are all jKiints if &unu1itjon, and comfort, and happiuos to States eighty nuihliuuims of d.uiars. time lirCe-Is of tl. sturdily resisted down to 17*7 : an.l when Jt wpasscn home. We scarcely open one of our Southern -

lufurmuatin bought by lu'uiaelf conimuniwited by i>thCWam1 sent hereto IM, not only (ill the! subject of hlaverv incbifriiVrt'irtc the slaves ef the th.Mip ji .&. |- Jjii '! '-. .c .t_ .-.- .'..* uib_ ) mrgtnma. It tfmc ressluuuIil : as i nail good! reason to believe, it was npon a Kxchanges without seeing an account of
JtfJrtn\H\ Jli"oi tTiTs1eubjVcf! Wh'a't 'is there in Vffeans'of abolishing t-lavery in the States >tie-e. 1 He was inertly expressing his eipinion. But exceed siiIil at the sante rate. the. whole agro. 1 principle of compromL-e ; first, that the ordinance some new manufactory, of cotton, iron or

New Mexico that could by any possibility: induce any I should be SOITJ to be called upon to present re'- d'x-K he- know how re-mark eif that sort will bcre-ccive-d gate Virginia.m and the two Smth nuiiure-il millions of dollar*. Jf f sli-nild (( nt.Tin a provision similar to the one put in woodspringing up in our mid>t. And what

body to go there with slaves ? There are *om< narrow olutlons here w hid eoulil not be referable to any committee by the laboring pclo ff lw! iN'vrtli ? Why, T/Iio are t/> relieve themselves see fit to adopt any proposition I the constitution with respect to fugitive slaves ; and I is an encouragement to stilt greater advance
from that
strips of tillable land the on borders of the rivers 1 .hould ] tim ? They the :
i : Xorth. the-m labor into these chanels is found.
among they have fre-c i an. this turning our
be tlwt was. the :
but th j rivers themselves dry up before midsummer is unwilling to receive from the Legislature of Massaclmsetts They ar.- tin jK-opIe who cultivate the-ir my consent tfie Government compromise upon which the pro
: -
gone. All that the people can do is to raise little any instructions to present renjulions] with thi-ir mvn hani ; fret-liolde-r-s e-dm-ate-d eivvn farms hhall pay them any Minn of money out of it* hibition was inserted in the ordinance e>f 17S7. We to be profitable.! It must there/lire/ go on, till)
some: --
exjirettive in- which
corn for their tortillas, and all that by irrigation..tn(1 .- of any opinion whatever on the subject of slavery, dcjM-ndi-nt ine-n. Le-t time say sir, that fnv-xixtlui ine-n of,the pnn-e.-e-d And ;now: Mr.may I'reiiK-iit.be adequate to the purpose. I thought we hail an indemnity in that, but we made acreat Xorihern pockets will sorely feel the loss of
I elraw mistake.
who to for two reasons : because fii'st 1 do whole! e.f the these observation Of what possible advantage! has it
expects see a hundred black men cultivat | not consider that projH.-rty North is in the hands eif tlie'laImrerh ) tn u e-l'c. I have II u IK.VII t Southern custom.
tobacco I the Legislature of Massachu.setts of UK-North Fjiok'-n fre-e-ly. and I meant te> elr to us ? Violated! faith has ni'-t its side
ing rice h I on
corn cotton ,
s every
or thing else & any thing to do : tln-y cultivate their farms
any on with it and tin-y so. I have Bought to make no display I have and the advantage: has been But this is not all. Since the North has
lands in New Mexico made fertile only by irrigation .' ; next, I do not fon--idcT that I. as her e-duoato tlu-ir childr.-ji, they provide the : nought i j altogether in their favor
rep mc.-ins eif indeIieiidenii. to enliven the
1 look upon it, therefore as a fixed fact, to u-e an expression resentative here, have any thing to do with it. Sir, it .- ; it' they are hut frex-hoI.e.T! they earn ages -- have sought occasion by n.m animute-d discussion : J I I < )n the other side, it has been thrown open to a Northern become expert! at kidnapping our negroes, our

current to the day. that both California and has become, in my opinion, quite too i-oiniiioii ; an.l, theNevaze8 iie-e-uniiiit! -. are taria-d into only.l.ttirom to speak my wntinv-nts fully and! at t population to the entire exclusion of the Southern people have learned to stay at hem} ?. Not
oipit.-il large being This
New Mexico are destined be free if the Legiitlalurcn of the Suites do int-i iicw free holds, and once and for all to let the Senate was the le-ading measure which el.'stroyeel the,
HO for as they' are not like it, they unall i-ipitali tare erentd. know, atiil to lit the know the compromise, of the one in ten oftho among whe spent their
settled at nil, which I bclievu, especially in have a great deal more |lsmetr to put it down than'l I That is Uie- eiseAnd what eomitry opinions and constitntion, and then followed the
regard t.i have e-m tlusejie- ijif| think Hf-ntiments hie-h I e-nti-rtain; on all thirC Missouri which! : summers at the North ten ear ago, how
compromise )
to it. ,
New Mexico upliuld It has Ju subjects* was carried
will be very little for n ofi Iweome. in opinion w n h<> re njM-e-talJe iind mainly by
length) my
?:. /_ -!. - great- too ,.... .. .quite. worthy a pe-ntU-man itS theiiicinU These opinions are- not likely to lie. MiiUmly! Neirthern votes, although eli.-avovved show their faces: there. Mineral wafers in
.--- ; iree oy me arrangement ol tin- como n i>ractiee for. the ,.Z.s., I. ..._. r from ].ui.sLiiii unde-r keto changed. now and not repeteel -
Uiings t
by B ? *
m4 that
oe Ii-tuiUl I'D LO prove tinabsolute If there! Ix- future
above us. I have therefore to say, in this rwpeet also! ]>rusvnt rebolutions hire on all Mibjcvts. There is no i noRinci- unit the nr.jn-t slavery eif time Smth any se-rvice that I e-m reiul .r f
that this country in fixed for freedom, to as manv IHJons --, public man that requires instruction) more than ] ib,. or in morein e-oiiformity with tin-hi lipurjHJWsofiinniorUl cotmtrj'e-f I hal! cheerfully! .rln.tist.ntIstit1m render tlu-5c it. If sentiments there and opinion-*, kept. these two causes the equilibrium Las been bro- ing and other places of recreation have sprung:

as klull em-live there, by as im-jH-alablc! an.f more who requires informution more than I do, or de-sires it nitiuiial, human l lin -', than the eeluc-ateil, lime iii- Iw glad to havean b> not. I shma'Istill I faring made tip among >.s, where with the luuiries oflifwin !
irrepcalable a law than the law that attaches t.. the more, heartily ; but I do not like to have it come in quite dt IMImdt.Imt free laborers of time North I opportunity to disburden my these remark let me say that I took-

nght of holding fclar s in Texas ; nnd I w ill I FUV further too imperative a *Imlpi\ 1 took notice, with pleasure Now sir, h<* far as any if the-s-e grievances have their eonscie-nce kiiown! from time Wtom of may heart, and to make great pleasure in listening to the dee-lamtioris of the profusion our people of leisure and e.fmean,

that if a resolution or a law were now b.-fore us to i.rovid of sonic remarks Ilpiem| this subjtl made the other day: foundation Ill matters of law, the-y can Iw neil remoteil And every i>olitie-al sentiment that therein exists. honorable Senator from Masaehmus4ts t upon several I Upend their smmrummn'-rs, m ecurmu from the in oent!
Territorial in the Senate of Massaohusi-tl far timesimave : now, President, inste-ail e-fspeakinff of the pointc. He IPtItS! himse-If the fulfilment sneer.of thr} fanatic and with
< a Cu\cnmicnt for New Mxieo, I Iwould *. by a young man of talent no as their foundation, in matters of upon of the property safe
opin possibility eir utility of cece-Fsieui contract of
( not vote to put any prohibition into it whatever: and character from whom the best IIOJM-S may be ion, in wntiiiieiit, in mutual crimination and r -riiiiintioii these caverns tf f darkness of ehvelllnir in I for Congress in the resolutions of Texas annexation from the kidnapper. These results are grat.
The use of such a prohibition would be idl. entertained. 1 mean Mr. Milliard lie told the Senate all that wo can do is to e-ndeaiort'i of projiiu with I the admission uf the four new States j>rovideil -
n* it allay and cul those ide-as] the of that
riv. o full of all that is horrioKlit for by these ifving, though causes estrangement
peels anyff.vt it would have the Terr/ion/ of Massachusetts that he would vote for no instruc tivate a be-tte-r feeling and inure in ejrneont reis'lutions to be fonneel out of the

I would not take pains to reform upon an ordinance of; Na and! lions whatever to be forwarded members of Congress lid twecum the South and tho North.frate-rnal sentiments which into the Iiiut e>f day ; let us chert-h those imijs&I Territory of Texas. AH that was manly, statesman have produced them, are every way to be derplored.

lure, nor to re-enact the will of Gvd. And I would nor for any resolutions to le ofll-nsl, expressive Mr. I'mide-nt, 1 should mue-h pre-fe-r to lave lie-ard belong that to us ; let us devote ourstlvi-s to tiio.se j I like and calculated to do gexl!, became just. He went It might have been far otherwise, if
pre-at objects lit further
are for he-
put in no \Vilmot proviso for the purpose of a Uunt or of time bensc of Mastk-ieliUHettH as to w hat their members from every ini-rnlier on thin floor elce-Iarations of(. action let raise our eoiisiJcratiun! and our I ; condemned, aud rightfully condemned, the conservative spirit of the Nnrth. had not
a reproach. 1 would into it of CongrcM ought to do. He said that he I ion that this Union, should .JiiflI ; us our conceptions to the magnitude i i sni. in that he has shown great firmness, the course of t
put no evidence of the saw no propriety never bedknolve-d, than the and! the importance e>f the duiicti that the North relative suflered itself to be ?bearded I-y fanaticism till
vou in one *-t of public declaration .K-veilvo upon us:; | to the stipulations of the constitu
of.'uperiorpnwero wound the w-rvantH giving instructions eife'pinioii that in
pride,cn-n \\lieilcr ,- and lecture any e-ase, under the preeMircof let lilt comjirehe-nsion be as broi l as the for tion for the restoration of slaves it shrunk baek inN 1)a.iv** submission: to her
ft ju-st pride, a rational pride or irrational reading to anodi'T, set of public ms..ants.1m any e-iri-uniHtam-e-s. such country j fugitive ; but permit
an a dissolutioii which
pride their WM |lMs- we act, our aspirations as high Ii as its e-i rtain me tf say, for I desire to be candid all fierce dictates. And v.-e have no doubt the
to the pride of the gentlemen uho the'b.juthern own master all of thorn must stand or fall nllile. 1 hear with j pain, nnd an uiHli and l dNtre-j's the I upon subjects,
tropl de-stiny l lt be
us not that if
; pijmie-s in the
States. I haw no mch nnd that muster is their constituent I wish thesefcntiments word t4eeeIsilifl-.C1.ieeiahiy \ lien a ease that calls furinen. Senator, together with many frit-nils on same spirit wouM have been prompt enough
objeet. no iucli % it fiuii4 (rout time lips Ne'\er did
pur- Could I.....,. ... __ of there devolve t-n any gene-ration of I. this side e>f the chamber, puts his confidence in. the
4--- i-j oui.i UIIHK. ua Taunt, an ... .. ...... -..... ---- tire who are e-iniiu-ntly patriotie nd kii to stand up or the simple rights of her best
would-------4 in.lijniity ; they -M "- !! : wn it, tIme men higher trusts than now de%(liVe njion us for the bill which: Las been I ,rrrnirf.-,1 1W,.> Vi-fJ..... .1
it to be an net iiiorectiminon. 1 have never entered into aunt Known all -4 .M.l.i* IVJ V.IU.1JI4the
taking from th.-i' tlmeqinitiimm country over the
away world f.r tlu-ir iHitieal customer had she to what results the
preservation e.f this constitutie.n and the laws of Congress thus seen ag-
and andjH.ae.e
%hat never shall about the harmony upon subject it will
they regard
a of binding force Bcrviccs. Secession prove
proper equality privilege and ( instructions. Peaceable vee'siin Sir ofahl who. destined fallacie-ns. i itation tended. Hit
It it
whether I will, however i are to live un.Ur it. It is a is impossible to execute law of Congress is now discovered when
they to realize simply this If and .nine any
expect any beii. tit from ii ray : there be mat your e-j-es arc never d, stin.-d tow-ethat miracle.
not, they would think it a theoretic \vrong that or ter of Interest j>cnding! in this body, while I inn any a '1'he d.smcmhcrrnent of tlii! great jiopular Constitutional Governinvnt, guarded by until the pteiple- the States shall co-operate. it i t is too late.Ve learn that letters have
: Haitiid
HODH-- 'ast withI I le-gislatiem. I
less L r Arc,in xv hieh, Massachusetts iuntry bylaw, by judicature, and -fended by the heard the gentleman with great pleasure that h been
thing more or derogatory to their charaeu-r and has an interest of JUT own emt convulsion The bursting up ,,f the foanUiins: of whole afll-ctions of die JH-OJ.IC. N l he would nut vote for the Wilmot say pouring into Washington, from Northern

their rights had taken lace. I propose to inflict noueh n adverse tothe general interest the country, I shall the> greet deep without rufllin- the ,..ujfacehii! > in these States tmigetlmer iiioiiarehicay hreuiepresses such proviso, fur he regarded business houses, during this session, entreating
no iron chain despotic an act
wound body unlc I pursue her instructions with gladness of 8<> foohsh I \ \ ; unnecessary, considering that Na
ujwn any s heart and be-g
something with
ttMntially every ypardon-as to e-xjH-ct to encircles them ture had i their members
to the
all the jsnver they live and! stand already excluded: a uipromi-e provUe
efiicieney which I ; >on slavery. As far the
important to tlie country, arid efficient to die can bring here. Hut if the S ee any such thing ? Sir he \l.o Kwstl.es-States!. uj as new
preMTvation question be enc which affects a jovcrnnicnt jx.j.ular in its form, representative in its acquisitions are concerned, I am disposed question and allay the agitation. We shall
of liberty and freedom, is to be effected.. her interest, and at the now revolving in harmony around te leave
Therefore, I repeat, sir, tnd I rejxat it because 1 wish, same time affect the interests of all other Stats, I can txpect tim; see them quit their j'iaeS8nhl a common lly off,centre without eharaeter, founded upi iI principles. of equality, and calculated them to be dispewed of as the hand of Nature shall tics see wheiher: their entreaties will be heed*
we IIOJK.to last termine.
it to be understood, that I do not propose to addniw the than shall I no would more regard her political wishes or instructions convulsion, may look at the next hour to svc the lias h been, be-nllice-nt ; it has orever.tnxMt-n In all down its history man's it Leave that jiortion is vv hat eif I the always have insisted upon.- c d. Rut whether they are or nor, the deep

Senate often on this Mibjett. I deire regard the wishes of u man who Ueave-nly bode rush from no country more natural to a
to > out all might
ur and sealed
jx sj.licrcs jostle a- l liberty it has crushed determination of the South become
State. to
; net It lias been in noa-slaveheJding portion to be
my heart in as plain a manner as poiil.le and I apjioint me an arbitrator or referee to decide some gauibt each other in the realms. ef allt by that tiescrip-
; KU-,, ques without i its i influences
ion of space pro benevolent, bcnitiecnt of population and leave independent i be arrested.Mobile
again, that if a |>roi.oition were now here for a Government important private rigl.-t. If ever" there was a ducing a crash m the universe. The U- such ; promoting ; that portion jUte> which cannot
re no the
for New Mexico, and it was movid to insert Government njm earth, it is this Government ; if c-ver dung us a peaceable $tt11i5ldIl. pwiciwl,0 can, ge-neral prosperity, general glory, and the general slavery would naturally go, to be tilled by a slaveholding Register.
; arid
sCteMsiu.it B renown at last it has
for there W&M a body ii >on earth it in this an utter received u vast addition e.fterritory. mopulation.sIestroing artificial lints
A provision a prohibition of slavery, I would not vote ] body, w hieh impossib.l.ty. ]? the great Constitution under before though
it has
for it should consider itself as eoirijMM-.il by agreement of all: which, we live hcre-tv4rII1g d.is. now, by recent events, perliaps they may be better than none. Mr. .Tefler-
w hole Union-is it to The Napoleon Month.-The month of December
apjiointed by some, but organi/x-d i> the general I* thawe-d and me Ite-d ucconiu vastly larger. This republic now extends, son spoke like a prophet of the eft'ect of the Missemri

Now, s!?. President I hare established, M far as 1 I sent of all, sitting here under the solemn y obligations eon-of on the inounuim melt away under by the section,, m the snows with a vast breadth, acrews the w hole continent. The compromise: line. I am willing to leave it for Nature embraces many of the most: important

proposed to go into any line of observation to establish oath illlk.ee of a vernal two great seas of the world wash the and! the to settle and to of the
and! conseiciice to do that w hieh they think best sun J diHpK-ar, almost one other ; organize governments for the Terri anniversaries connected with the history -
the proposition with which I set out, and upon which 1 f for the of the M unobscrveanl! die oiH? No, shore. We may realize the beautiful description ofthe tories, giving all free
goml ir No to
to Ktand or tall and that s sir! I will not Mate what scope enter and prepare: of the Kmpror Napoleon! and his family*
propose ; is. that the whole territory might produce e rnamcnfcd edging e>f the buckler of themselves
of the States in the United SluUs.or in the Then, sir, th mwlyaon.uiro.1 I am unwilling t<> rjx-ak but in I the Now the broad shield complete the artist nothing but justice. When the
regard to which I have a.s see sun m ]imeavmqm.-I, | crowned gentleman
territory of the United States, has) a fixed]I very clear notions and! opinions. I do not think them produce much a war an 1 will see tlwt disruption muM With Us last hand, and poured the oce-an round that he is willing to leave* it to Nature, I understand says I month. On the 1st of December, 1507
and bttdej character lot ;
tiemmeribo its
fixe.1 in
which cannot bo now the and settled by law,, useful. 1 think their oKratioiis| for tin; last twenty l loM eonM.jue'necs.. two- l In living silver secmetl the %wave to roll, he is nilling to remove all impediments, whether real Jerome Bonaparte was made King of Wesl.phalia .
violation' of public faith ui and case t>f Texjis without L La years have prodaced nothing good or valuable. At thosame lVacabksecession And beat the buckler's verge, and bound the whole.*' or imaginary. It is consummate folly to assert that ; Dec. 2, 1S04, Napoleon was crowu.
cannot l tie pcaeeaUc
repeai-d bvany rcecmiont I The tho Mexican law
time, I know
of them honest and prohibiting slavery in California ed Dec. 2 lS05the battle Auslerlitzoc
are and I ,
human in ev.ncurre-nt ;
regard to California agreement ef all the
power New Mex"- CALIIOUN..
or good nun jK-rActly wvll! members of this great I rise to correct what I conceive New Mexico is in force and I have

t oo ; that, under one or other of tlusse laws, <-v ry f .,t cxeittxl A.-eliiigf; die-y thirik meaning they men.4lo They have republic H.-pjirate A v.Juntarj- separation, with to bo, an error of the distinguislu'd Se-nator from i it so. ; always regarded I curred ; Dec. -1, 1803, Napoleon entered
of territory in die States or in die Territories ha* now for the cause of liberty, and in their sj.hero Kime-tJung of action ahmony on one8de, and on the other. Why, wliat Massachusetts, as to the motives which induced the No man would! fed Madrid ; Dec. 10, 13-19, Louis Napoleon! e.lecfed .
received a fixed mid decided eharacter. w ould be the re-suit J Where ll( he line be drawn ?I'bat acquisitIon e>f Florida Louisiana more happy than myself to be l of
time) do not sec what t Jsc they can do, than to contri, \ to and Texas lie ath h lieve that this Unie-n formed president France ; Dec. 13, 1799
Sir, if we were now makings Government for New Lute to an abolition press or an abolition to SULtiS. are ?K society or d T \\ hat ;
I |lie f to the
am to of f
Mexico and fchould Whew j is the of the ire of the Southern long course irty -
any body projne \Vilmot an abolition lecturer. ; flag people to get an extension of
I territory

proviso pay not menu to impute years' service: he-re I have 1340 the remains of arrived in
republic to remain / AV he the consolation be Napoleon
J should treat it exactly aa Air. Polk! treau-d th l gre** motives even to the leaders of these ktims but re M the eagle Mill to tower? widi the view of cultivating it with inure profit h lieve that I have to-
six is
provision' for excluding tJavery from Oregon. Mr. 1 am not blind te the I br.t, or he to cower and shrink and fall to time. ground 1 dian they could in a compact anl erowdcel settlement. weaken it that never done one act which wemld France ; Dec. 10, l809Napoleon wasditrorceel -
esmnot I have
eonxeque'nccf. \\
Polk was known to be in seew hy, sir, our almeeatsnmm-our fathers nnd Now Mr. President die ; done full justice to all sec from Josephine Dec. 17 1817 Maria
opinion dioidodly averse to hat ininchiefs their interfere-iie t with the South has m those of our grandCitlicrs history of these acquisitions tion*. And if I ever have been ; ,

the \Viunot provis- ; but ho fIt the nt iiry oftstablifthing produced. AudJs it not plain tocve-ry man f Ixtany mr with prolong, lives them would that are yet living amongst as I I think was not correctly given. It is well known that eif a contrary motive il is because exponent to I have the hnputatiein Louisa, widow of Napoleon been
a Government for die IVrritory of Oregon gentleman who Jouots of and reproach us ; the acquisition of Florida was the result of an Indian
I, that
recur to die debates in I and our children and willing to defend my section from unconstitutional 1812, Napoleon returned to Paris from Mos.
an J, though die proviso was there, he knew it would the Virginia IJotiwt of in our grandchildren} ) would cry war. The Seminole Indians residing along the line encroachments.
Delegate 1832, and he will I out shame us, if of this Hut I cannot agree with the Senator cow Dec. 20 1300 fought tho
upon we ; Napoleon
bo entirely nugatory ; and, eino it mutt be ntinly seo with what freedom a proposition made Mr. generation should dis e ne e.f our fe.rtreescs. : troops by honor these this Union
since it took ensigns of the power ef the Government out they were driven back cannot bo dissolved Russians[ at Gurtiova.CONSOL. '
nugatory, away oo right, no dtcribable, Randolph for the gradual abolition of slavery was discussed and die ; ant under the nimand ? Am I to understand him that
of die
harmony Union no degree of
BO estunsblc, no weighable or t&ugible right of die in that body. which Is every day felt of General Jackson, Fen3ace] and St. Marks
Every one of were:
spoke tlavery as with oppression no outrage no broken faith
South he said he Would tiw bill he anwng us so much joy and gratitude. What is seized. It was die-so act and not the can produce
for I
sign die bnke ofnacting diought ignominious sad desire for the the
; very ditparnging names to become of the 1 What is destruction e>f this Union I Why sir if that becomes .-The word Consol, so often used
army to become of die extended, cultivation of
law Government cotton which
a to form a in that Territory and pitheu i led to the
d- were applied to it. The debates in acquisition fixed fact it will
die a itself
navy I7hat is to become of the become the in in London financial U abbreviation -
and let that entirely useless, and in dial connexionwnirely liouM of Delegates that public lands I How r of Florida. I admit that there had been for great operations, an
on occasion I believe strument of
wawjlt were is earth of the thirty States to defend itself/ I know, a long time desire die producing expression, outrage and broken m oflhe word consolidateel." At tarious .
a on of
For the
*!, proviso rctnaia. my*If, I will all published. They were read by every colon d man although die idea has In-cn part South, and of F faith. Xe, sir, the Union can be broken.
not ;
say that we har much of the annexation of Cunadu : who could read, and if there were any who could not is to be Southern stated distinctly. There die administration I believe, to acquire Florida, but it moral causes will break it if Great t limes the British Government has bor.
a they
and If djre be any man, of the Northern Democracy read dio. debates read the-in Confederacy, perhaps. 1 do not L was very ditHrent from die reason assigned the, go on, and it can
any were to by white men mean when I allude to this by only be preserved by justice, good faith and rowed divers autos of money, payable at
statement that honorable
Senator. a
or any one uf die 1-Yee-Soil who At dial time any one I There were collected rigid
party, supposes Virginia was not unwilling nor afraid to seriously such together adherence to the cemstitution. different dates, and benring different rates ofinterest.
it fl to insert contemplate a state of things. I do four tribes of Indians tho Creeks
Wlmot -
a discuss the
eetioary this
in Choctaws
proviho a Territorial aud let the
question, to that of her : Mr. \
Govt-rnrafnt for New Mexico, that man will of course lation know as much of it as they could part learn. popu That not mean to say that it is true, but J have heard it Chickasaws, and:! the Cherokees, about thirty thousand, I reply to the honorable. President, a single word in Occasonally the stocks issued as

be of opinion that il is necessary to protect die verlart-.- was in 1832. A s has been raid by honorable : suggested elsewhere that the idea hu originated from warriors-who held connection, almost the whole of .My distance from the member from South Carolina. evidences of ihese* various t.ebt., have been-
mem honorable
lug snows of Canada from d e foot of slavery by the her from Carolina, these abolition hoeitties ooinmcncedI a been design to separate. I am sorry, sir, that it has ever them, with die Spanish authorities in Florida, and I creiwdeel. stole of the member and the taken up or called in, and a new stock issued
of room,
tame overpowering wing of an act of Congrts. Sir their course of action in 1833. It is said-I do not deaL flights thought of human, talked of, sir dreamed of, in die wil carried well on a trade perpetually with them. It was ing the whole of his remarks.prevented I have me from hear in their stead, payable! at one fixed time, and
wherever thero is a particular good to be done : know how it imagination. But die idea must known that n niewt peruicioun influence only one or twe>
true bc-that thusexercised
? may they sent incendiary be of a separation the slave was observations to make ; and to begin 1 bearing one fixeel rate of interest. Such a
there is a foot of land to bc staid back from becoming publications into the fclavo States including State UIMHI one over them ; and it was the desiro of honorable first notice the
; at any event, they side and the (ecu States on the either. Sir conflict j.re- member's last remark lie ask if 1 stock called consolidated stock
slave territory, I am ready to assert die principle attempted to arouse and did there i Suotr.I venting between the Indians and ourselves in hold 'the me : a or a "con.-
I- a feel breaking
of die exclusion of slaver-. I am pledged to it ing : in other words, they created great, very agitation strong hi the may express myself too strongly jHTharxi-but the South, as I believe, which induced the acquisitie.n m ns the voluntary secession up eif the Union, by any such thing sol ;" and to distinguish it from others, and the

from die year 1637 I : I have been pledged to it again North against Southern slavery. \VelI, what was tlier slide some things other, some moral tilings, are almost as ini.os-| of Florida. Income now to I4ujsiamla.Vo well!1 bility. I know sir this of SuU-s, as au impossi rales of interest it bears is generally mention
as natural Union
and or physical things neil I holdi L know that die immediate can be broke-n
and I will
fpin perform those ; up ;
cause time
; pledgee but I ailt t Th bonds of the slaves acquisition of
; wereboundmorwfirm fJove-rnment ed thus read
tb idea of every bo w G consols
a separation of the** gtates, those that ttv>_ Louisiana wae th? pcDiojQ of our of can ; and I admit that there ; per cents -
right depeebti LI bo such
may 8 degree of pppresHVn as will warrant re- i per cent, consols, &c.


I axnsaaiissa&z_ ,s
$ ouuiaLe dangerous than the railings of Giddings or the atthemasof > sixth are copied from those of our last General As.ieiribly. once or twice to ask if he I .
: jTioribiau correctly understood the authorized to nominate subject to the of this "
Seward. are the solt whispers of those speech, and then sank down Wat approval "The South.
his with
a sneer ix
meeting delegates to this in the
--- --- -- who would calm fears and soothe ol contempt, that represent county NEW esfsb1i'
into in'ifierrnce. told and
your you as plainly as language could Convention rpHlS
ui:. HILTON &, C. E. DYKE, Once put to sleep, you will awake only Signs of the Times.If do,that the Senator from Massachusetts was disgus eighth resolution proposed, and that to he the held dhairruan by the and foregoing J, lisbment H now opened in a supJ .
ted secretary
we forced with him, and. I hat he the (.,II. ritrmitLpnot exceeds! by an? olh* r in .
EDITORS; AND rROPRICTORS. to find ourselves shorn of all power to save the were to take the expression of the ishly lar regarded man sofool- i'e considered two of the number, and that siul tick- .
gone as not lobe worth the trouble to set JJi.- the Soul hem cr itir. Breakfast,
whig ot Florida have :
Union and the Constitution presses as indication of the pullic him gates the power lo fill any vacancy that may occur -
Heaven that it right
: grant Calhoun's voice reached that side Snackt, iJinntT. 'flj'pst,4C. a lheOiorfe '
urdayMarch2385O._ may not be too late to save yourselves! sentiment of one-half the people of the State, we ol the Senate when Mr. Webber interrupted Seward. he in their body. The chair proceeded to nominate t notice. Gentlemen fcwn, or from the I 4ountry.

; It i is the position lately assumed by the South- confess that we should be appalled at (Ihe prospect. "the Let him go on : don't interrupt him," was all *nin following>ou ly approved gentlemen by the as meeting delegatei*vz. :who: Gen were John un- c diroii, of partaking ol good lmi>2. (m 4 ..

TOTHEFREEMENOF principally that in behalf of the Nashville Conven- These piessses, without a single exception, follow made remark, and Mt.that Webster time Senator took mi from further iVulh notice.Carolina Not S.? Uroome, lion. Wm. D Moseley, Hon D H Mays, t tahli modern hm.stile n*. ,) should not foil fo patronize this es- .. .

ing the lead of Gen. Brown and Col. Benton for Ion. Lucius Church Hon.John C. McGehce and
ion-that has called forth the late are so.Mr.Foote. He ,
counter move interrupted him twice, and the C. I. Carruth (Arrangements: having been made for ICE, we ,
ments in the North, among others Mr. Webster's a'ray in.; the people of Florida against the great bojy last time gave him a well deserved castration which On motion it, Esq. will be able to tipplr IOVT and country customer '

LEON COUNTY. pecch. Shall: we give up the position which has of the Southern people on the subject of the Southrn the Mr Senator Foote in bore very meekly, and complimented ceedings be furnished was ordered by the that Secretary a copy to of the these FloridaSentinel pro A splendid Ice Cream Saloon is alrla.ly fitted J JI
% Convention. The return for his honest devotion to time U I p for the accommTtljtion of Ladies Gentlemen.
.ecu red us thus much, while every thing is yet at Analachicoja) Advertiser, (the Union, (alluding lo his reported disagreement with and Floridian & Journal,with a request for LtnonaIc-Soda and Congres* Wtfttr alwas on j

: -Itz view of the danger impending our take ? Suppose the difficulties are adjusted, \\illil last to break ground, comes to us with a long edito- Mr. Calhoun) Mr. Foote said twogocd. things which their The publication. and. PRIVATE ENTRANCE-Opposite BrrrttttfsItMldiiig.on

Constitutional! ; hat in condemnation of it, (filled with deserve to be recorded. Seward utmost harrflony of feeling and unity of sentiment Clinton where
Union? and our Rights, we in.vile hen repent jo'i that you were unnecessarily vigilant ? misrrpmen had said, in the pervadtd the whole street, every awmtrojtion -
ations of its course of his remarks that he should meeting. ai.d the graiify- d will ba afforded those who this
assemble in the COITRT Housi purposes,) in which is embraced the consider head to patronize
V" :, Suppose your rights are secured, will it then be a done enough for the Country, lo have recorded lag spectacle was presented oftvhig and democrat, v stdMishmcnt.

on :MONDAY, the With March, to talc pro. uhjcct of regret that you took those measures which ollowing proposition : 1114 vote against slavery in this District. Mr Foote aking council together, ard uniting heart and hind The n'oaJr.otk
ides in vain
to wOk the fjc> We, (the South,) demand unjustly bought another in the noble etfort to protect their rights, and defend : the Snipe not wnre; .
per measures co.optro.tc people of ecured them, and which alone would hate secured an equal act might be added, which would The Krarit in Like may *wtm-their end i heir
this State generally, and iri'h those of other! hem i lure of the acquired territory." We give the sentence end to immortalize Seward, and that was the pre- On family motion altars.the "ou'll hid them liere-a d Pnrtriit e f xi-

Southern Stales, in tlcftiicc of our common precisely in the won!* of its author. And seating ol a curry-comb to the President of the meeting aJjourcd. And each dart 'II bring forth iomrtfiing new. .
Union McUKIIEC Chairman.C.
lo be used lo Old .
Kr. Calhoun's curry Whitey. He added: ltte TroutHi Prim, th* Pcreh. and all
le ,
nay permitted lo address
a word la I L. CAUKUTH
ZikrtZCS. ill
The w not say so-but I mignt if I ch'oose-that the Secretary. ou'll find it at THE SOUTH" call.
editorial columns of the last yru
are our whig opponents ? Is it n<4 time to ask yourselves Senator from New York merited, that it should beused RHODES &. CO. '

Meeting in Tallahassee. mainly filled with strictures upon Mr. Calhoun's where your otgans are cairying yon ? Do you find on his own back, for the infamous speech he Grand Jury Presentment of Madison. Tallahawp, March 23. ISV 11-If .

pecch. As regards its notice of Mr. Calhctsn's ar- nothing in the above sentence to had made this day in Ihe Senate." Today, Mr. Tur- .
We hope it is not necessary to urge upoti aiuze and stattle ey made a mot excellent speech to which I The Grand Inquest for the County of Madison, at
must New
need and Summer Go ds.
gumcnt nothing be said ; for if he his not cs- you ? The South demands Spring
the people of Leon County, Iie impm lance ofattending r jnstlyzn equal share e'er! you, as also, to the debate in the other House, he close of their present termbeg leave to nuke .
tabuishc4l the positions which he acuities in hi.pecch of the acquired territory The South, which fur- which i is of but little consequence. This efeinal (h following THE: subscriber is receiving and will continue ti> '

the nicolinj in Lelialf of Southern it would be something worse than useless u'shed three-fourths of the soldiers who speechifying dues not amount to much. It only de- We presentment : '- by future arrival, a well select' d stock

Rigliti, to be held on Monday next. Surely for us to attempt to fortify them. Dut, as it is posible and which bears more than (hree-fourlls conquered, lays actionand I am afraid, when lhat action comes, congratulate our fellow citizens upon the oI f STAPLE and FANCY DRY GOODS, GROCERIES .
oflhe bur- it will amount to little that can give satisfaction to general good order, peace, happiness and prosperity, !UARDU'ARC, &c., which lie offer for sale
no one will allow pleasure or his iisu.il buii. (that the Stntinfl has fallen' in our community. A kind Providence a t the lowest market pi ices, and to which he invite :

what Mr. C's views are, snd, consequently, luvirginNundcrstood an equal share of the South need (he attention of the public
net* avocations, to keep him away. Speech. acquiied tciritory Is expect nothing towards satisfying their presided over the labors of the husbandman, and he
has fnjireprtsdihd them, it may he expression of such sentiments 'ust demands from this Congress. The debate will GEO. II. MEGINNISS.
U may be cipecleJ from gentlemen of both lot be allies to attempt to rernuve a false impression.A couraged and tolerated I he as lliN to be en lie continuhd from day to day, and from week to has been enabled to reap a rich reward for his indus- March 1". 1S-)0. 10 4t
by whigs of Floiida ? For week and when it try and toil. We the
oiti.cat 1itities. ceases, a (bill admitting California sincerity regret sectional jealousies
to the sggjekleJ amendment of the Con titu- o:ir elves, v-e will not believe it. will pass both Houses. It would pass the House which have arisen in our nation, thrcnining J. M. WILLIAMS

MEETING i.v JEFFEUSO.V.-We received ion, Mr. Calhoun) no where lays down this as an Again, the same paper threatens the Democrat of Representatives at any hour they choose to vote distraction lo our glorioui Union, and causing Is[ ce"vinz from Ln'ira Jane anti V/actaa./ a beau-

ultimatum,much less as the ultimatum of t the South ;; of Franklin county, who favor I he Contention with upon it, in less than sixty minutes, by an overwhelming (tyrants lo rejoice at I he prospect vIa final overthrow tiul.lar-ea! '4 ell assorted stock of GOODS for
ibis morning, too late (for publication in our without which, the question of admitting California majority. There is only one reason why the ot those glorious principles, embodied in that in- he Spring and! Summer trade, to v hi'h he would

to day, 'lie proceedings oftlic L a purpose of excitiiiR Ihe laboring classes of that: question is not put at once. The majority know, truinenl which has hitherto been the sheet anchor rivite attention of his customers and t the public gen
tinpcr meeting and oilier questions,immediately Iressi inithcmsi Ives; county in behalf of the admission of California, on and feel, that they have the power U/ do this, but of our liberty, and the aik ol our safety. erally.!I .

in Jefferson, in behalf of the Southern Convolition. upon the attention of Congress, may not be settled.) the very grounds that slavery is excluded from her some of them aretimid-they are afraid of the imme. But while we deprecate thr spirit which has on" MJrch K, H30. 10

Gadsden his -ujjgcstcil amendment he diate consequences. They do not wish lo MI the ginated all the present impending difficulties
The Resolutions were aduplcd distintly intimates,, limits, and I thereby a white laborer" is not placed I we
should be acted mailer until they see their way more clear-nn'il I are firm in our belief that it is the duty of the Southern S. F. BURNEYr7"OULD
with entire unanimity. upon now vr hercalter,-as may seem I "on an equality with f the negroes." Is not this they are certain there will be no outbreak at the portion of thi-t great confederacy to look well lo respectfully( call the attention of hi*
lif.t,-icmatking, when this question ol I amend Free Soilism South. her rights, and with
in Him
'. preaching its mo t startling form, a and united font, endeavor \V frienda. and the public ipner.illv to his larze
The Work goes Bravely On." went to the Constitution ought to bcscttleJ-according in our very miiM t We make no comments. We! I wish to impress upon your renders a very im to maintain them. That the time has come for and well assorted stock of SPRING and SUMMER

The Jakcsonvillo Republican received this to the provisions of the Constitution-tnay beagittitionofttHie. only a.k ur friend-sin consider-to look to the portant fact, and I assure you solemnly, that it is a resolute determined action, upon the part cUbe GOODS, comprising every arikle, both fancy antI '
point t fact, well known all lure who South, none but a traitor to her interest
lo are converant t can deny.
staple,usually Fold in Ihisrnaiket all of which heM
Mr. IJutlei's -
morning, brings us accounts of meetings inDuval understanding o f ;to which they are being hurried. with the sentiments aimjority of Northern members To this end therefore, we cordially approve of the -ceivins ddilv.

his colK-aguc's views, is expressed in the following of both Houses. Their minds anticipated Convention of Ddeca'tes from
und Maiiou! Counties in belmUofthe are made up to all the Match lii, lO. 10 .
language, given in Mr. Cjlhoutfs j Itecnce> when, Cass County, Georia.The admit California, and to prevent the further e\ten- Southern State, to be lucid at Nashville, in Jim -

Southern Convention. Of the meeting at if erionticuj, he would moat probably hate conectcd Sentinel of last week published a notice oft a son of slavery, not only in the newly acquired T>rritoiies next ; and we urgeupon our felloxvcifizen'Jthe' necessity Spring Dress Goods, &.c.

Jacksonville, I ihc Republican, though opposed 1 it : meeting opposition lo the Nashville Convention, but Mr Sevvaul spoke sentiments of this rf securing such a representation in that Tisane, Black Gro. de Rhine
majority, when he.stated the law or compact to be conventionas will dr honor to the States and reflect SILK ;

in numbers and character and at its the Union inilit( not exist, ek'cn with itspifacut' or the intelligence just received from that legion, the ol ihrtejmoreslavej iales from the Territory of Tex With a firm reliance upon the God of Nations to Gingham LawnFancj. ; Gingham;

displayed ganization and lived msj'ujtj ; that it tti1hit not t be L action ot (this inceling, \\liichlhe .S'e-ntind/ doubties! 3 as. They would not halt as they now do, for a single restrain and &overn the ware o( fiction ; control Pasted: Muslins, Fleered Organdies;.
close a degree enthusiasm in favor l of the patched up by compromise which would il instant did discordant element and Bonnet Ribbon. Glove*, '
sustain is willing to believe indicative of the this majority of Northern members out of ccnfasion to brin<
of Linen Fringe, Lvoai-si UraM, &e. &c.
The official oflhe and give it a (ingoing and discontented existence, not feel some doubt about the hue Southern sentiments again to our nation the son-shine of harmony and "
object. account proceed n met ee.i twentieths of t the Forstebv GEO. H. MEGINNISS. .
of the
uimoithy ol equiU, and tlangeroiu In tluir coidialasuociatum. people District"has -- and desisn. They arc tearful you tiiaj/ ito in peace, we dismiss the subject.

ings, says that the Preamble and Resolutions, Hut 1 understood my colleaguc.throtigh c\citetl among the people of that county, quite earnest, though they cit, not believe you are Still, In taking leave of his Honor Judze BVLTZHLL, March 10.; Is.'iO 10 -Ji .

after having been discussed at great length t) the whole of his) speech, to say tii.it t if this Union, isto i a storm of indignation. Sevcial mcflii: shjvesince Iheie is a doubt about if, w hich might make the immediate we desire to tender him our thanks for the courte-y Buggya Euggys !
be made perpotudl, he wished (to have in it t U\o L adtnision of C'aliloim.i dangerous, and the V extended to our body and the etr.partiality and dirt-
hoot lucid in the ,
: (on both tides,) were enthusiastically adopted ebseUtJL elements-harmony among i its t numbers, ) 'alite county, in which the Cass prefer waiting. Mr. Seward honestly expressed the nity exercised while in the administration justice JUST( rewired at my Carriage Repository, .

Both meetings their of the and a reuse ot Hell-security in every |'0it of the con yule proceedings characterized as the woik of a contempt which the Noith f feet on the subject of -A No our kindest wishes for his future happiness & Bi55" wi'h tors;

expresn approval t.derac-to have the reliance of selfprotection.W .-- fcvr persons assembled togel her,w it bout notice to the your scpirating from them. They do not believe i it t and prosperity.T lu without i it ps, :

course of our Senators and Representative ll, sir, I understood tny colleague, t thu tar, to intimate people generally. One oflht helilat Cartersvillc.I, can be done. They believe that von are divided i intheSouth ( S. B. Stephen, K-jr. Solicitor General w emir 7 1 sernnd-tand Rnckaway, 4 Carnall seat*, ,
his opinion to be-and by the Mirrmiing of in sentiment. They the S"Uth has tender th inT/<< for his nromntn init ,tt.ntion
upon this mailer. Im fcUeui/li to cnfoiCH that nninifiMtli3i I In.up jiti-r notice duty dis-erjiiiiDted, with an invitation to t.Ukeu; about separation ana (disunion siy taut u is anit to this body durmzfh'- present Term. which will be sI ld! en the l ht oj term*. '

way to ie lore harmony wouiJ be by the majority at tho e who giMai id the C.issiille proceedings to attend nil and notisense.andmerewind. That the Southern JOHN R. H A Kills, Fonman.R. Also, on hand Duties, Bridie, doUbl! and aiwgT*

Democratic State Convention. (present and the indexing majority doing justice t ,aduptetlt I he fol!low j in<: among ot her Hesolut ions: people have no idea of the kind ; that the South B. Stone, Krvant .Sheflield, aIR Harness found and In t-vVrv variety of 4>' .iil. and XVarec->
Establishment allkic&f
Seieral dour cotemporaries have expressrd by complying with the obligations'of the constitution tttsolrfi 1st. That the could not be driven otiji! the' North was to 'o' I heir F.. G. Undoes, V.'m. V.'. Hankins, dine a S.iddlery ; and
Cassville work the
had of
mcitingat at shortest notice. Joe.D. .
I -by (he .North miking etlccttial provision for best to get rid of them and) the cursed institution of .'. J. Lea, J. W. Miller,
themselves this all r.oauilxMitv to >peak or act lor u HULL.Mirch .
upon subject- > or, in our opinion E.
thu restoration of 1ui ilive I i s-laves to I their OAIKMS in slavery together ; tint the South ate r.oi-y and Wm. C. ColT Alexander (larJon,
for ler '
number : (
of the .
any con-i< < people cl ir, 15.>) 10
to holding a Convention-some fcuggcfcting an t tie Sout ii. It you wis-h I this Union I to be pcrpitual, I tins county ; ami that we repudiate[ and condom the threatening Ihiouirh their delegates in Congress, John Saph, S F. Frink, -
and to exist ill the heartscf tt o people ol the South) who are kicking up a rumpus in Washington only Win. II. Sever, In Swiit.
action 11 Ii ilut Cotton Plantation
earlier and some a later day. We would i jssembLge in several iinportant for Sale.
-to have that gtnranty for its perpetuity which you pariculars. I lo gain; a little t popular)!* and! reputation ; thai the Moses Baiker, Williamson WittFlorida.
that it be roles to desire it ,vould be Nof th) n IIE: subscriber offers for sale his valuable PLANL -
propose held at the SCWANXUCrRiNoi best lot you, ds ii iVirtv '2d. Thai ( should vote them down at once and have Joi.e
would be best lor all!, that t Suiae provision t>f the contilution Ct-nvcntian, and we warmly approve I he Southrn with it ; and that ever alur they will be as quiet aa .-There has lioen great rejnicin TATION, situated six miles and a half from

on the FIRST MONDAY! or MAY. should be ma
  • , by which the weaker power (ions a uiiist its, projectois indignjiitly and u-.tl advocates| the insintu- lambs ; that if any attempt at disunion is made it among the abolitionists and their allies because Tallahassee" on the Th"m.nville Road, ronsntins ot

    There eccrtKlo be an extensive indisposition could have this sense of security against an it- cunded. as un- w ill be put down by a proclamation, as was done by the Governor 20' acres ot superior Co!ton land-SuOacrei of which
    : of Florida ( his
    expressed I are cleared, and the remainder in the woods. It ha
    of *
    rcsponiible cvcrciac autlioiity by numerical ma General; Jackson ; but if the South should go further
    to hold our Democratic State Convention, mi. jority." Another meeting held at Adairsville, in thesarr.e than it is expected or believed at the Nortc, that opposition to the Southern Convention. It i is I on il a comfortable Dwelling Hcnse, good Negrrt

    til after tl.c meeting of the District Cunrcn. That Mr. Calhoun H in favor of some amendment county, is cluracttrised by the same spirit cf indig.tation they date go, then tioops and volunteers! will enter hence assumed that Florida will not send del! Houses, Gin House, Scre'.v. and improvttnenls, ail

    inn of f the -statinij that the Cdviile Intel int. such Southern States as are troublesome, and side egates. Nothing could be more idle than such! new, and if uill be sold on reasonable termsas the
    < which i is to assemble at Tallahassee, on Constitution, by which I the old equilibrium ; was wiili the friends I subscriber has defeimined toco to California. For
    cf the Union in
    the Wednesday previous to the day \\ hih wo may be kept up between th? two portions ol the Us-: held) without) n<.tic<' itt i i ug fiten to other portions or and hanging the ringleaders; that restoiing if Messrs.pence Calhoun a dream. The people of Florida are nearly sitt ormnt. ion. enquire at this Ofi'ue, or to the subscriber

    for the Slate ion having so many elements ol hostility, is clear. listri'-ts of the county." It spoke its sentiments in Man rumtMas
    suggest Gmven'ion. And why, if such amendment is propeily framed, the two l llowing flesitlul ions: Hurt, and other leading members of either House ihemselxrs. as will the people ofTen- ROBERT SI. HALL

    n fotctd. That small hnuld! attempt to leave their seats and rerurn home nes3"C.Ch'irlei'cyi Mercury. March IlL 1S.-0. 10
    the South should oppose it, or just men oflhe Noith < as a prrtion onl of the -
    of the
    Objects Southern Convention.As county wa< represented, wo disapprove of the meeting to their constituents, in consequence cf any act being Notice -
    refuse to concede it, is difT.cult to imagine. The paNed by Congress I hey hate ci t hirri threatened
    there held at Casville.Jlusofrtd j
    those ho OTht
    arc steadfastly persevere piiblic debt Virginia is S16- cionlng after the first publication of this
    Xoilh in to do then lhat ilie Government will
    yielding an equality of power) in one That I \vehighly of (the Snnthern ( act SIX
    in the approve 341,951.: ThQ State: has in stock! I siatt! arptv to I he lion. Jarr.e-f K BiocmeJadje ,-
    niisrspi-esen'ing objects ofihe Southern house of Congress, would do no more than did Virginia Convention proposed lo be held at NJSIvilla. promptly, arrest and confine them tn the Capitol productive of Prebite fur Leon County, for a dicharsefrim '
    until all allow ins them home alter
    Convention, we insert the following not for and the other large States in ccncedirg to hrealening isquict.nnt to eiicite } hellion T'lesa logo_ are fucts- and funds the sum o' S7.079,45o. the aitministratorship!: of the estate of George'Younffdeceased

    the of Rhode Island and Delaware The People of Florida vs. The Governor of 3 !, 'ate ot Leon CouuutyF1ida.
    purpose influencing ih
    uiifuui ied with thr-mselvcs, in the Senate. It wouM be a compromise Florida. tielirve the Sotithare ii> e.-irnn-'t ; so far fuim it, thy niti: ICCAIITIII* TI&TI.IIOXY.Of DAVID D. YOUNG,
    < but
    ) charges o'.hcrs
    to (fiom
    prevent : -Xdtr.'r. of George Youni. deceased.
    1 in We understand that in the and Relieve it to be the more bng : strictly accordance with (he spirit which large populous distinguished Physician V. C. Smith M.l March 1C, 13)( lu Pm
    deceixed I
    being.. liy them : lomed thu Constitution. The South would thereby county of Mjdi! .on, there( is not a single citizen who satisfied Southern politicians. This shows the importance I)., re-iilent and I'ort Physician of the city of Bos
    Mr. Calhoon VIM lalcly steJ, in conversation, oi (he people of the Southern States acting ton, and editor of that celebrated work, Plow Iron
    that the object (ftb Southern Convention \\ liiihwiilmrtt rccei.e no power with winch she could injure the is known to be opposed to the .Sout lieu ii Convention. together at this tune, and meeting in Conventit? a' THE BOSTON MEDICAL[ JOURNAL

    North. She Wl.ilein. Jefft-r-on teat Nashville for \tlnle there is doubt in tho Northern assortment cf wide Iron, S. a i, and'10 inches
    in June* is to consult the situation would orly bclacttl| ina ;po-iionsiuh; county, we ii from a gentle ; any A siy -
    and grievance-sol the Southand unite upon Southern opinimnipoo as would injure quiet and sccuiity tolerstliand reposeto man who is probably better? acquainted with the mind that the Stimuli are, or are not. dividui. As t o the viilues of Dn-ConaETr's SHAKER SrurrorS : -. ,suitable for Plow receded per Schooner* '
    no justice or forbearance will bo sVnvntowar! the .vnsAPxniLLV. Abell, and for sale bvX
    continuance t coui ibe jtopertn be jnir* wl, in viewct a (ho Confederacy. If she i is to be hairassc-d: sentiments of (he people t than am otln-r m.m in the Southern Slates by Northern Legislatures, or people In Vol. .22, pa;e 'Zui after seakin before of Con McXAUGHT & ORMO.VD.
    Turuey, in hii cpeccli oi which% in lh tti -\Senate ri>m|>lain.Mr. to-day. amid l worried, her peace dUtuihcd and her feelings county, that theextent of opposition amounts! to one or by Congress. The people of 1 the South should bett' medicines, thu- writes the le.irntd doctor :- nvport, March P. LSO. 9 .

    saLt that the olt.iect of the Southern Contention waoco'nu1t insulted, during coming years as in those lately mat who is opposed to (the Convention, and one ether act decidedly in favor of that Convention. Its objects Another equally de-ervioj: medical compound;
    of sentiment and desire to called the "Concentrated Svrnp of Far9aparillais I W. G. M. DAVIS, .
    unity a
    with the artpeace, .
    the passed
    who is undecided.
    upon H'lbject ol aa rei>i n< upon the ever present gloomy consciousness
    Smith; and to olut4 save the Union, it it can be sjveil by a unanimous also prepared by our philant'iropic fiierul! otpre3.1 ly ATTOKXEY AT LAW, :
    idlept re as to the that
    proper matters arc slowly, but and for the of dice.s. Were
    t-urrly inevitably cure oil.mwH < Ihcie
    declaration from I hat of what I Ihe Southern any
    Ctuiieottke Jy> thern Sat H. The rn >st thrv would Why the ? body, taken ".' hU aluxJe at T.mllahassee. antI nut d
    4o, would beta ceiu'tution of becoming worst andicuixc, only to end in disunion, Change Slates demand.1 If the Convention debate the mat secret in the making ihi* article, or a single rea >n B"S il
    pa j a reo'tnricridjtn- > the Courts of the Middle Disticf,
    iv and declaratory character, and |otliaf > a dresa or something more terrible, she can anticipate little Ii it not singular that Southern papers uill suffer ter peaceable the Executive will not interfere, further for upposiii that the idea of driving a rrofilab>Itie ee and of Fran'chn and Jackson Counties.
    made nostrums entertained, should! he
    ( wa
    in we t thl ti
    CnnjrcH* on ihe subject of the inj'' tire complained satisfaction from remainingin tliw Union. All, however ihtmsehe-to be mislead by theme-rest phantorr.simagination. ti than what has al-eady been umK-r.-tivd lo have in the worl 1 to give it nott/nety. In the M..rch 0, l>.r) ). i) .
    of bfen derided the President and his Cabinet. pers-m -
    j He bv vindicated the South the, and point out lU 4'a con-eqnencen. ,that is asked for the present, i is that the action : They arc saving now, orne of them, The Pirsidcnt upon will by l suea Proclamation at.mit the frankest ma mt-r possible, the pn cf.4 imking Ihi- Notice.A
    measure ennervtive
    a* one .
    character and calculated to Oikccnl. lie Congress may be in accordance with the Constitution I that the Northern Whigs are opposed to I the Wilmot 201 h of May.calling upon all t the citizens of the Smith medicine was circuir fanlially describfd to n. and

    in i.ted (hat feiitauce to prevent not Jtsell as it is.Another proviso. Well her truth's sake let them add the to be on (heirguard. tn he led astray, or take any theeviiience scient'fic practitioners adduced tncor- LL persons indebted to the estate of Jolin ColeM -
    dinuiuon.*' aggie-non wa< in part in the Convention if its design shall take a treasonable roborata the statement of Dr. Cornell In jujfic-c, \. man, deceased late of Madison County, will
    subject of the Scntintr criticism is Mr. rea>on. direction. A military loice wiil be ordered therefore to the Doctor, we should be glad tq have r please wake paj ir.ent and all person- having de-
    Calhoun's mode of address" Senators Mr. Wm. Duer, a leprcsentatiic from New York friends this medicine." mantis he will tltm
    07" MK. CA.UKLL has delivered instead cf to the neighborhood of Nashville, and Gen. Scott our prescribe apinst ( estate please present ;
    a speech :Mr. Picsideul." This is const mod into a | ointcd wrote a letter to the editor of the Albany Evening (who h.ise.vpreMcil his willin' np?* to take the com Made and put up by I Society cf Shake:.. This legally attested, to the adninistrjnr.! .
    in Congics, which we propose nett week to and jourital dated maud with Gen. Taylor invaluable preparation i i' for bvEDVARD VANS RANDELL.
    public manilettation ot contempt and disapprobation Jan. ll.lh.'O I in which hesaiJ : of Iroops.and to co-operate
    nitVish. Our tVianki are due (to him, as well ," towards the Vice Predidcnt, without '$ There is no diflc-rence of opinion amoni (hem upon in pulling down any attempl todi Wholesale Drrri'ts' Hasten
    as to Messrs. Yulee and Morton, for public parallel." We have often admired this peculiarity mcMnber that question.Iruin the North It is my will bli -l tint t-veiy Whig lain will the be ofderi-d General to Government that section, should of the il country be found to su nee>- Who warrant it free from all mercurial' ,or mineral, : Provision3, &c. + -

    documents. of Mr. Calhoun ; there is about it a majesty and dig vote for the Wilmot c-ssary lo airest any of the pailies wh} <) may take combination whatsoever. Look at what the able BrrfS MESS PORK.Z4qj .

    nity M'hich make it ptculidily impressive. It has proviso part in what (time (Government may proclaim to be. cemisf, Professor haves, /oAsj/ r' /itays March: r ito. Prime do.
    Mr. Webster's been liii for Why have they( given up the Wilmot proviso? treasonable to the Union. 16, ISIS. He says : The formula exhibits some 5 Kt's Leaf Lard,
    Speech. custom eirs; lie has ohserv til it w h.naddres'ing !Became in the California admission scheme they of Ihe best of our native medicinal roots and plants, half barrels Cranberniesj

    Our readers will! find columns altno tiLe Senate, while that with substance of the remidial
    our t entirely body was prct-id < t highst repute at blot. clear skb Bacon,
    expert log Every thing they want. If tlu-v did
    &led;: aiy Mr. Webstei'i perch. The very praie over, both by Mr. Atchisnn and Mr Dallas, towards not, (they would be lo a man fur (lie Wilmot Public Hestlcg at Madison( Court-Kouse agents and does S3-not include any mineral con:i- 1 .!n .hr.ni.1..r i1i.

    which it has called foilh horn Southern prcs. ieitl.er cfvvhoni is there any reason to believe he viso. pro At a largo anti pcctabe! meeting of the citizens pound.fSuch 10 bbl3. St. Lcuia Flour. ..
    -.luginta Republic W'hiif. evidence aj the above is the greatest promise
    5 do. Potatoes .
    con titKle, (o (he thoughtful mind, one of the most nteitained fetlings unLindnctiS. Wliy then is lie of Madison county, held at Madison Court-House. on of Health. planting '
    I hhd. fine Sit .
    significant fact* of the picstit
    Ii)3tt1 not one jot of his uoalJ iable o|>|Xtilion to F'illznore being ia the chair, lor that which never WAHIN'TOV, March 12, 1'O. ing the propriety of bending delegates to the Southerii For sale by them in any quantity, and hy their ap- lf> barrels Rectified Whiskey.

    ibe extension of hlavcry and toiheadmic I ionof lave called forth a censure, while Atchison and Dallas Since I last wrote von, nothing of Convention to be held in NashvilleTennessee, in pointed Agents in the United St IP* and Canadaj. Just rec'd. per schr. W. 11. Petfes. ant] for sate by'McNAUGHT S
    Stilei. Were the Wilrant l'roviu >resicled ? The spir.t shown in this impoilance has any Juno ncit, and for the purpose of considering the LEWIS & AMES, & ORMONlnf
    i.cce.vsary to exclude making objec- transpired in Congress to change the
    Honorable Sole AenU; for Tallahassee.rragTT'i Newnrt f, March 9. IS.'jO. 9
    the South fiom the new Tiriitory, then he (ion might well weaken Ihelorccof other attacks dangerous aspect oflhe I poliMcal horizon, Tl-c-rehas causes which remlerthis step necessarythe
    would be ill been more speakint; ; in both Houses. Yesteulay we JOHN C McOLIIEE called to the Chair and i---r m-ws' rnr.n.cr=arr.La Monticello Male School.
    advocate. We are not told that he is from the came quarter Rut further to show what
    lad (he Hon W. H. Seward, the f\-Govt-rnor of the C. L. CARKDTH requested to act a? Secrttary. The OBITUARY.
    opposed to the admission of California under tier grounds there aie for the Stntincra hypircnliciti,, great State of New York. How are the r-T1llE second se-sion of this SCHOOL will romi
    fal- the
    mighty Chair explained, in neat and appropriate terms, Died in V'tkulla Count the.27lh af JL
    ( resent application, ftrone as are the objcrtionsto we quote the following remark-with which Mr. len, when the Umpire State is represented in (he (Unicd and v, on February, nience on MONDAY, the lib MARCH and end

    her edmi,s'un. But believing the Proviso l>cu>e- Calhoun introduced hi* swcch] -made before handing States Senate by such a man as tins. You. wilt objects for which the meeting hid assembled, alter a short illness JOHN H. WHITE, aged about with a public examination on Friday, the 2d August. 4
    the entire speech corrected Mr. urged the oecessiiy of speedy, dttided and prompt Rates of tuition per session:
    get as by Seward 23 \-ars.
    I.M, be will not insult the South by voting for it. his manuscript to Mr Mason and Otf
    : himself) since its delivery, by the present mail. I action in the premises ; after which, on motion of Orthography. Reading, Wrllir-g, S3 (
    He u i in favor too of the Constitution Mr. Calhoun said Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, &..c.Pmloso 1-2 OU 0
    observing oIhe as much jnd; posc-J as I have sincerely trust that you will give it an extensive circulation Col. B. C. Pope, a committee often to be composed
    United State as regard the tlclivny of fugitive beeu, .hIi. PmiJcnt, and Senators, I have felt it to in (the South, by re-publishing it m the and democrat wis Sisal Hemp }'hy, Chemistry, Astronomy, Mathc-
    number appointed .
    be rny duty to to sentiments an eqml whigs SISAL II EM I* PLANTS received ma1ics.c. 15: W:
    lavea\ndohserriug (he uitli Tckatas express you ujy upon the Mercury. You cannot better serve the cause of the just
    compact reflardi great question which has agitated Vie' country and South, than hy so doing. If there are still remain by the Chair, to prepare a report and resolutions 'OO from Cape Florida, and will be offered at The Ancient Lanmzaca: H OUT,

    hT divitiion into fcveral States : but \\henthi occupied your attention." ing in the Southern section any persons who arc for the action of the meeting, (the mover requesting AUCTION on Wednesday next before our Auction W. O. GIKARDKAU.

    trrraj of thi compact are to t be carried out he ncubweMh. From this, it would n-cm hat lie //V. in the"wit. itixiousto believe that Ihrc i is hope In m the North to I L'S excused from serving on Bait com ) Uoooi. BERRY t ROWLUS, Auc'lis. -Monuieellntlarcb. 2, IS-W.' S -tt

    Iliji iutiaiatLon, however, i in that the set, addicssor allude the Vice President," and justice to the South, they can read iti Sewatd's The Chair appointed the following gentlemen :- .. March 23, 1 J5O. 11-lw (Sent.) Turpentine Axes, &c. .

    (day may be dstnt. Jid speech what kind justice is to bo expected. Sew- Gen. John S. Uroome, Hon. Wm. P. Moseley, Dr. B -
    betray a consciousness of his .
    presence or ex speech will be popular t the North, for it honeslly Watches, Jewelry, &c. % VIlESt! supply of the above A\e*; also, Nn
    1 We di not intend to male any complaint that Mr istence." embodii-s the true sr-nlimei la of a very large Waldo, Vans Randal, Thomis Whit'ock' WiltamII. ilE subscribers have just received ti 10, 11.ami i 12 Cast Plow exira points ; Sand

    V/ebkter, not onefarther than he ha gone. In.keLas portion of (hat M-ction, and more especially, of the Sever, Ur.T. Hartridge[ Hon. D. II. Mays, John a pood supply cf Goods, & Spear's Cut and Wronuht NaiU.&c.. &c.

    ( thitg go, we feel obliged to join with thoac Texas.-Qen. Houston. const it'ieiats of Mr Se ard. Thej' enator has the confidence K. Itarris and E. G. Mays, Esqs., to compose said ._-_- _, among which are Received per L'nig Ernelineand for sale by.

    'ito hat ncprri'ned: the tnotit decided probation( of The Resolutions adopted by (he Legislature of of the Administrationand is the adviser in the committee, who retired a few moments and, returning Tobias Gold Lever Watches, Newport February McNAUGHT 23, IS30 & ORMOND.1 0

    fiI bo1dne and liberalityllcavco catcthemaik !) Texas come lully up to the mark. We have not room smile most important of Cabinet the measure. While you may reported through their Chairman, Gen. Droomc, Hunting Silver Lever,
    at some pranks of a Hale, or a Chase,
    Edt Cukj: .n Ibrt1; show more pl.tii.lytlie rcakunaMeceit for them ; but they are noticed as follows in the you cannot (-mile at Seward. There is mischief in that the Circuit Court,then in session having taken Chains L'Apicn, Seal and*plainVatheJ, and Keys, Family Groceries. .

    and nxxJuklioa of the claim of the South, CharlMon Mercury : what he says, and in what he doe. He is no fanatic. recess for a short time in order to afford the citizens Bracelets, Bosom Pins, Rinr-s, Earrings TUST received perScLooner WiHiam U. Petles.from!

    thantbo praisei which *>he bet-town such The first four of the series, arc the resolution He is a cool,calculating,shrewd politician. lie nov.or the use of the Court-room, and finding no gentleman Bosom Buttons, Sleeve Buttons, J New Orleans, t **, 0
    a f
    techl And whit upon introduced by Mr. CALHOUN, in the Senate of the acts from any sudden impuUe. He takes a deliberate prepared w ith report and resolutions, and the time Gold Pen and Pencil Cases, Stager Cured hlamnq, Shoulders, 'fL

    mut t he the spirit of the genekcntiment United Slates, Feb. 19, IS47, and whichfoimcd (lie survey of things and men ai they exist, and too short to allow of their preparation, they beg Gold Pens in Silver Cases. Plain do Sides, .
    rd I tic N'oMb, when Mr. Webster, for theme ol such unmeasured abuse ot( himby Col. BENTON shapes his course accordingly. He has no more able and lucid Silver, Table, Tea, Mustard and Sill! Spoons,, Lard =.rd Oil. ': '
    whole the
    the demand principle than a (ox. Popularity is what he aims leave to adopt as a very re- St. Louis Tlonr, Rice, 0
    conceding to m of the tliceret.t justice and Gen. HOUSTON. Their adoption by the at, Maible Clocks, a
    -for Texas learn indicativeof and rest asireiI his apeech lakes the popular ground Port and resolutions passed on the 25th of February Castors Spoons and Forks Tobacco, N.O.Suzar. 4.
    doing the least (one would think) tint Inn Conftitutional Legislature was, we sorno- Plated 0
    thing moiethan a mete assent to Ihe principles there in the Slate of f New York; for not only will the Abolition 1850; hy tho citizeps of GaJsden County which em Setta of Waiters, &c &c. Whiskey, Claret tt'ine.Suijar ; -

    oath would allow him to do, is ex tolled I Ito declared. kai intended aa a compliment lo Mr. and Free Soil party stand by his\ir w hutS bodicil very fully tteit sentiments upon the variousquestion" TOWLE i 1IYEPA Butter Cracker*," Crackrs1 .

    She kjesl Do not these tetg tend toanakenlhc) CALIIot-an? rvnrfsfion tifsvninathv %with indconfi.lencc no will the great body of the Whig party, end a vas at issue, and also to add the last resolution! March 21. IS.7) It ',. : cda di Lemon: _*. t

    O-t iet iou.reecon ? in, a Statesman who had done so much for number of ihe Democrats. I wa present at the ile< .can Ntts, Uranus, o.
    the I0 h vvnicli has roierence to inc acuoui
    Io them and been livery oi .Mracvvara a speecn. jutic'i was e\pccen( -being Adminiatrator's'Notlce.TOTICH hmor.dm'u.. Brazil Nut?, -
    our readers-i *obitteiU assdiledon the .
    the entire ground
    10 South
    our voice very from him. Great (boasts had been made bv tiislricndx of /UniteJ delegation in Congress, not known to Water Pails, Stone Pipes .
    oflhat *
    service and assailed with 0
    oild be too, especul hostility is iventhatapplicitionwill be mail.to
    heard throughout hei limilt-we would of what he would tlo. It the tU tirne of their \ gi Matches Candles
    first meeting
    was real of at ,
    Re say by a Senator of Texas. And (hat there might speech the citizens Quuicy, 1the Judge of the Circuit Court for the MuUl e .. .
    not dtceived. Be ijot mocked with a delusive' be no doubt of the sentiments of Texas, immediately he has made in tbe, Senile, and I expected more fThe Quincy report and resolutions appeared in our Circuit of Florida,on the 10th day of Hay next, fo. ISaiU, 0 Soap. -. .,

    pWonr flve Jo be lolled into! a alter the passage of these resolutions( a resolution from the great man, who has sn often astonished paper tureo weeks since. The KHh resolution of the authority to sell the Real Estate of llje late EldredSimkins Xutineq, Tin %Vare. .
    huue security. T4te< was introduced the thanks of the L his own State, than I hcatd yesterday. Of course,hf Madison meeting is as follQvva ] under such condiliona Ano many other articles IOQ nwroerous toroenticiu .
    question ha not been set thed. returning gisla- commenced with his u!ual mountebank deceased, cs the interests which will be sold .
    You lure to Qen. )Hourrov, for the manner in which he undignified of the of the infant heirs of the aid decedant as cheap as can be sold by anrf :
    not Resohef Th
    mved. it we cordially patriotic mayreu'iire.
    yet Mr. Web.ter cannot save had hit urfrhfi. Unchanged his feat from the place near I 10. approve other honse in the place, for cash by f
    discharged duties as a Senator, and a call was F. RLYTHEWOOU
    oQ.'OR mut Mr. Clay, and took a seat more central and stand taken our joint delegation in Congress J9EPH "
    the by
    ; tare yoursclres, or yet he lost.- made for the ales and noes. It was voted down bya near AdmioUtralor of EUred Simkin>, dec. ALFRED E. HOC. .
    Your own determination, majority of two-third*. seat of Mr. VPasTEiI. The galleries were crowded, on this editing question, awl of the course recommended Fe-btuirv Ifi, IS.'O. 6 'if -* '.
    molatian. organization, Jefferson County, 23,1S50. I 11 I-G\v
    arid the and so were the sofas outside (the bar. He had not them in Ihe joint letter to ..
    Unanimity i ii your Finally, Legislatuo of Texas has authorised by to be pursued 0
    only Njvallon.
    There tamales R.
    before H.
    8re spoken twenty galleries began to thin IUCKEY
    I those the Governor eight accord to them the plaudit Notice. .
    who would seduce appoint Delegates (lour from GOT. Brown, and that vye
    The Vice Pre idvnt
    iuto oft began lo
    you a faj.e securilyert gapo, Senators pRINClPALof the Female Department of Fletcher
    "> are thoM who would lull each Congressional dictrict.) to the Nashville Con turned lo each other and entered into conservation.It of"vtll done, good andfaitkful' servants" Months after the date cf this flotic?, i will 0.L institute, v ill be prepared fits of -
    you Into a fatal reTote. vention. This is Texas at hcme, as represented( by SIX by Aprilloaccor.in.rKl ; a .:
    ( They are nging ptace1 pfaee,, when ,there men who feel her own breath warm upon (heir biows.A was a decided failure, huitti in trailer, and in the Th above report and resolutions having been my vouchers Leon and Ccmnty.for accounts to the lion te. thiily joung ladies with gfnte f' n He is of Probate for frnal
    of its delivery. His Judse sgtlle-
    manner no orator. delivery bo.ud 0
    14 advocated at tl& month
    no'peacct different from Texas read and and eloquently by per lights
    Ate thing carefully ably
    I they ywf frjenJ ? Peritps| very represented at was very tame although his speech was written mont and disclnrge% from the Estate of Dr. J. D ashing include! Ilia hou e> is dcsi ntJ fur

    tbey thiuk so, but never were men more mistaken White Washington House by tanning Gen. llouuroN his cheek."with gales fiom the out and hcfoTC him. No body will every 'dhspate several geritlemon present, were enthusiastically and Newton, late of said Couniy.deceascti.PATRICK ladies or>!Iy.and. all the interests( cf tlio e ccmmitttii ynnna :

    4han ire Jtnj i/ you VlieV Jhet their time to RO and hear a second speech from the unanimously adopted.On SMITH, Admr. Ii) his care, wfll he lricl( cinrdrcLTht
    a. far, far djorer The fifth Resolution sod nearly the wlwle of the wpuld-begrral man. Mr. Wtbsler interrupted him motion, it was H


    c .-- .

    p. !! !!!

    : ,. _I.. 4I>=__: ..J:0_..___l__ _I. -,"-_--: .:=-U ., __. "'_1, 1 = -,- .- -: .'--. : -- -.,-.-.. .-' ..--

    STABILITY-SECURITY-PEKPETU1TV. I itgal' SIn (bverticlnchlt9.J; ; State of Florida-Gadsden Circuit Cou Business (farts, &r. .

    IN CHANCERV.Di -- ----- -- To Tai l' a "the T
    ------- --- --- fo City of

    $900,000. V11ANPHAACU Chancery. for Injunction and Rdirf Cotton Brokerage. see for the I wear 1 car commenc'in HIJWWn* on 11!,.-
    Grecnup Arnold and l'rancog first day of April, in the year one th ,
    TiLE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. Western Circuit of the State of Florida. vs. BEERY & hundred usa' '".

    35 JACKSON CIRCUIT COURT, FALL TERM IIS I to. Reuben Scott, Augustus Flurry, William II. McMil JN addition to their ROWLE and eight amlfifty.
    IW"onK-NO. WALL ST., bU1int -
    OF !
    Elias Wester Complainant,j)> lan, and Benjamin C. We-. I Commission Merchants, will give their attention ,
    Accumulated Fund, Nov. 1st. J H19. >)O,. that SECTro- ECITORDINEDBT THr ?
    satisfaction of the Court
    NET r*. > Bill for Divorce. :appearing to the to the selling of COTTON for planters and others CoUXCII. fl > *
    U. ecurely invested in Bonds and Mortgages! Nancy Wester, Defendant. 3E IT Scottone of defendants, resided without who may not find it convenient to attend and wait HASSKE, That the first section OF THE of' the City Or TjlLi' .

    on real estate in this city and Brooklyn, and stocks eii appearing: upon affidavit, to the satisfaction, of Ihe State, so the ordinary process of Court can for the aral of the steamer." Being always on of the last be, and the is Revenue Art
    >f1h.Slate and Cit) of 1C\\'-Y llrk and United StatesGovunment. the Court that the defendant resides out of the not be served upon him : It is therefore Decreed and the spot, they wil be ready) to take any advantage ol I full force as year part of this Ordiance.same continued 13

    i ''i # Welter Circuit, and out iheState: It is Ordered, Orrlrrt That :hearing of the facts charged in the I the market may offer. SECTION 2. lie further Ordained
    111il fund is rapidly increaiu; by a widely 'etcii-' That the said defendant be required to appear and on the third ((3d) Monday i in May at i Samples may be l left for exhibition. Charges moderate shall bi levied and collected the That there
    tied 1 and prospeious business. answer this bill of complaint on the first Monday in Quincy. Gadsden County, at which time, said defendant and prompt returns made. for the fiscal following Ta\M
    The Company declared a dividend of profits of fif- I LJI i j March, A. !>., one thousand. eight hundred and fifty, may appear and plead to or answer said Bill: January: 5, 1550. 52 If April 1S5Q: year commencing on the first day! CI
    ..'.two percent", oil al exis-ting policies on the 311 and in default thereof the said bi shall be taken"rrocorzfeso" .';, of January, IStS. Tjjjt Liii and that this published in der be published in one of f the ewspiper-i published LEWIS AMES lst.-Upon Merchants vending goods, wand
    All the Profits are divided among the Insured. some public newspaper in this State for the space in the Circuit once a week for three months at least. & hundred dollars ,in a value tax ot of thirty-five their cents on et "'

    The premiums are payable in cash annually ',semi- of I three months before the day ordered for the said Quincy, November 17, 1349.- DEALERS. the first of stock in trade on
    THOMAS BALTZELL Jude.A day April next, :as near as the same
    aiinuallv. or quarterly, intere.-t being added on the hearing. : DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS, be ascertained. cat
    GEORGE S. HAWKINS( Jud-je, &c. true copy-Attest,
    ,kei red payments. II. R. C. LESTER. Clerk Gad-den Cr. Court.I. Toilet Articles, Perfumery, ic, Window Gla 1P.INTERS' 2'1-Upon all venders of good wares and incrchandi.e -
    The ca-ih'piinciple ( by this Company secure Wl1 lHTCIFL.
    adopted other than itinerant traders
    : FERGUSON: Jr., ( ,) who shall
    to the part ies lot who.c bctelil the i insurances, -',-. Solictor ( Solicitor BRUSHES AND COLORS commence business after the first day of April nut
    -- Cornp'ainant.February ,
    are effected: the whole ot the advautaze withoutnV.ijecting __ fo Apothecaries' Glass Ware, \c. or who hold licenses heretofore iJsoed'Ilich
    ; them to the heavy draxsback of accumulated urov. m I Stale of Florida, > I, Samuel C. Rellany, Clerk 9, 1 lSSO.) : 3m HE above constantly on handand for sale at the after I the first of April ne.it t. a tax of Ihirty.fjyecpctt Moire
    premium notes. Jackson County. 5 of the Circuit Couit in and for lowest market prices. on every hundred dollars in value of their stock

    It'r'Uf m::)' ctFoct insurance: on their own lives GAY'S said County, do hereby certify that the above i is a State of Florida-Gadsden Circut Court. LEWIS & AMES. trade, to be estimated and assessed in all cases in

    al.1tbe 'Hvco of others. A married$ \"UmCIH"l insure true copy of the original order passed in case of IN \: T.lahas'ce. November 20, IS'17. IS any time after the commencement of such bnsmew at
    the life of her husband the benefit* of which Elias Wester vs. Nancy Wc fer. Given under
    EXTRACT OF CAN my Mary Voodward, ) or the expiration of such license : Provided, Such
    the cxclusn me of hei self or CIIALAGILI hand and private seal, there being seal l of ollice) ,
    are secured by law fjr. no n > Bill for Divorce. ALEX. C. MORTON, tax shall be ase3,ed before the expiiation of the
    children.Clerjcmen. .\CAI.IKDllXIA I.AXT Ol' KAUUMiiICAI this 21st davof December, .A. D. 1S19. James J. 'rof.h\arl ) next li-cal year.

    and all ( dependent upon O.1l.ni.s.re : VIRTUES. SAMUEL C. BELLAMY, Cleik, [
    specially invited to anil h"tsdn'a of a resouicc < By NATHAN S. WATSON I). C. IT affidavit .i m this cause filed, that Jaires J. Woodward And( Commissioner of States of sion Merchants and factors, one per cent. Upon tl"

    whereby their 1f' f.mii!.1 may be secured A CERTAIN PREVENTIVE: AND CURE FOR January 5.: t 1VW. 5'2 3n ), t ire t'efendant i in I this cause, resides beyond I the Tennessee Florda and Mississippi.ft3 gross amount of sales.1th .

    lr* m the evils of penury.Pamphlets ratr ami .firi/f. Consumption, Coughs, Colds, jurisdiction of this Court, and out of the State of -Upon all improved and unimproved town
    Jackson Circuit
    i In Court.
    explanatory of I the rrinripl of Mutual Inflnency, ,1i>lllur. Jlronchil'm, Scrojnfa, Haul, Florida: It is Ordered, That the said James J.'lodwa.lllo OFFICE AT COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. .4) lots, a tax of thirty-five cents on every hundred dollars .

    Life Insurance, anJ illustratinj tlo advantages--, Jihcuinnthin, *\ eitratia, Kiyaijielas, Lumbago, FALL TERM 1 s WESTERN CIRCUIT. \\ appear, plead, answer, or demur to WILL give faithful 'attention to such business: value thereof.oth .
    with form* of iniy be obtained at t the aid Billof within months or said) be entrusted to him, in the Courtsot theChattahoochee -
    811,1C.ti.\I 7' lfl.I/:,;V, I'leiuisy, Jaundice, Dyspefitia, Contieentts James Yown, Complaint thrfI Upon every practices Physician Dentisfjor
    fe of the Cctlll; ;W"t at., or of any of ill < Piles, I'M'llt'.I, Dropxy JJctr Coni' rs. nm for I)I vorce. Bill: will! be taken pro co>ij'ci.<>o against said defendant Circuit Georgia composed of (the Attorney and Counsellor at Law, one per cent. onevery

    agents. j>lahtti, liillions Cumjilainlg, .\irous-ljcctions. ViceyVown. $ I In Chancery. aol the cause set for hearing at the next Termof Counties:of Musco-'ee Harris, Talbot, Stewart and hundred dollars annual income.

    TRUSTEES.DavidC.. Cutfl'OI'( lilorcl \ttit in Gtn era I, Ifemurhagtv. appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, ly the Court in May next,at Quincy)" : .-Indit is further Marion ; and in the Counties of Russell, Macon and Cth-Upon all free colored males between the

    Jnt B. Collins, Colden, /ruCliQIs.! Fluut Indian-lion lejirarcd IT atlidavit in this case, that Vicey Yown, the defendant OrJvrd, That this Order be published in some, JJrh.ur. Alabama. ages of twentv-one and fifty years, a tax of ten 5&U
    '\1 J. Hvlop.U. .\lfrt. 1 Edward*, and Defective .fpttitis, and all diseases in this case, resides beyond the juii Jiclion; public newspaper printed in this:State once a week Augmt' 18.1St'J.I 32-Cm lars.

    I II. McCurdr. Wm. Bet Is, originating in of this Court and out ol the State of FloiiJ.i, and for three months. SIMON TOWLE. MARIANO D. PAPT.WOI.LE 7th-Upon all free colored females, between the
    Fred. S. Winston. Joseph Illuat, in t he State of Georgia: It is Ordered, That the said 2d February, lS:>. ages of twenty-one and fifty years, a tax of five dol.
    C. W. Fiber, I Jac. G. Peaison, ('Itlatol of the Ilowels & Vicey Yown do appear ant plead, answer or demur THOMAS n.\LTZELI Judge. &, PAPY, i lars.

    J.hll Yvlverlon, 1 Henry Wdl.. IMPURITY: OF THE BLOOD.It to the paid bill of complaint within four months, or A true rop.v-\lh'"I.t Attorneys\ and at Law, .. Sih-Upon all white male inhabitants, betweenthe '
    Theo. Sfdgwick, Win. Mooie.Xebetle t the said t bill I will I be taken .pro C0 fIMO" againstthe R. C. LESTER, Clerk. Counselor D2f 01 t twenty-one and sixty years, a poll tax cf j
    tone anJ'i to the i formed for the
    til-restive: Practice
    gives or an
    Stacy n. Cook, ol\S, said defendant : Provided, That the publicationof February 9, 1 1S50.' 5 3m HAVING one dollar. "
    CoUns. i i"remarkable! for its. attend the several Courts
    of the
    1niiHatiiigtKlrengl/uning, wil I yth all
    John H. Swi. Jona. 1fh'r. this order be made in; some public newspaper -Upon slaves a tax of seventy-five cents ;
    John \\' David and Jtettoratlre 1'iojHrtiis. printed in this" State once a week for he of Gadsden Circuit Court. Middle If Florida,aud in the District: Court Provided, The City Council may exempt from tax-
    Shinier Publicly admitted by Dr. Townsend, Manufacturer : pfrio of the U. S at Tallahassee.! bl:3inesse1rtrueI ation slave under
    S. M Robert three months. GEORGE S. J\l any laboring mental or bodily af
    Cr'l 1.\ Isaac Jr., ) Attachment.rs. .
    of 'Townsend's Sarsapaiilla, to be Fergus.n to their care will receive prompt attention.OCjOificein .
    Gouv. Jmes Chambers, fiction fIr infirmity of the
    Wilkins., November 19th! 1 CI\I. Judge, &c. > In sumpsit. on application owner of
    J.ihn V. I,. Tuckerman, Far Better than the Capitol. such slave, or his
    Pruyn, Joseph Sarsaparilla. JOHN 1fl.TO Reuben Scott. ) Sum sworn to S3'n I agent.
    Fred. Whittlcse'v.ChailesEiy : .. Mnse-j H. crinnlJ, yIn: corroboration of the above, read the annexed for Complainant. defendant and all persons 5110.TIl are February 17, IS 19. 7 10th-Upon all pleasure Carriages, nar..uthf
    "'m. J. Blnl.er, : Buggies Tilburjs, Stanhopes Chairs Sulkeysand'
    communication notified of the institution oi the above .
    John C. Cruder' Francis F.ui-eneDutilh S roncliisiu Ti'alimony, a and Proof Tosilivc : State of Florida, "> I, Samuel C. Bellamy, Clerk stated case by attachment, ant are hereby required' l1FUC.NOTICE. .! Stage hundred Coaches dollars, value a tax thereof.of thirty.five cents! on every

    Walter Joy, Lithrop, Jackson County. thc' Ciicuil Court in and for to appear and defend said $ on the 3d Monday in
    Sol Ut Dr. Charles T.
    Pdt J. O. Thatcher.JOSEPH FltOM THE GUAEFL'MIUltti COMPANY. Darby llth t Upon Slave
    Alfred pi.blicly exhibited
    every for
    said County, do hereby certify that the foregoing isa May next, at Quincy, or judgment will taken by
    D. COLLINS, Pioident.iAC Sir:-You are aware tliat as Iheoiiginator of theGraefiiibcrj true and correct transcript Irom the original order default. January !9>I. l .5). T) ESPECTFULLVannonncesto the public in -jenIV sale within the incorporated limits of this city, a tax

    ; AIJR ATP, ..Secretary.JOS. {Company, I mi ,t have had my attention passed in case of James Yown v. Vicey Yown sue- I. FERGUSON Jr., Plaintiff. eral that he has permanently located himself of two dollars.

    BLUNT, Con '"eUar.JAMES call d t the numeious Medicines presented to iiiij for divorce in said Court. Given under hand Febi..iry P, 1S30. 3m Monticello, Florida, and will be found at all times, 12th-Upon all monies loaned at interest, thirtv-
    I n. GAMBLE:, Asft., Tallahassee.January the public patronage. I 113\e watched with much and private seal there being no seal ol office my this : unless professionally enga ell Strict attention will five cents on every hundred dollars so loaned or kept
    10,1830. 2-y. I ni crest 1 the i introduction I I (d f the C.z ne/i alaguri I into 21st day of December, A. D. t IS ID. Middle Circuit of Florida. I be paid to all professional at interest.

    this countiy by.yotiielf; and am free to say that no SAMUEL C. BELLAMY: Cleik May 3, 1 IS-t' IS SECTION 3. Be further Ordained, That there
    Medicine stands so deei\cdly high i ;! as your extractof [SEAL.] Mary Elizabeth ForO shall be levied and collected the following Licence
    Tax Sale. By S. WATSON, I). C. Bill for Partition of Land.Z.tchariali .
    Colector's that invaluable. plant. In '' own Jkuiii'.,/ I hate NATI.\N t- > GEO. W. UUTCHINS axe* .
    .1 January 5, 1 i 3m ,
    virtue of thoaulhority \'I-sl.1 in me t b> law. I seen its c-\traoulinai\ etcacy. the cure of a confirmed ; : C. Fort. ) 1-st-Upon all retailer' of spirituous or vinou- li-
    -- --- ---
    BY levied and toi be- i>f complaints which, ------ sitisfactorily to the Court that Z-n-h- AUCTIONEER in less than
    case quantities
    h"e upon wIl expose tIIt Fil In Jackson Circuit Court. JT aplealn. l'iors one fjnart.a tax ot IK2d -
    f lire the Com I 1 House d. or, Madison on the tir.tMiraJiy require I the prompt and thorou?!. purification, .)if the County ari.1 the defendant does not reside in ty olla"
    I in June nest,the f'II'I\in tle-iciihed land, blood, 1 deem. %jour Calrwlagra far. tu'y tar SHpcrior J IN CI1\I I CI'RY-J'AL4: TERM, Nov. 154'J.Maltha SI.I!, bnt the! State of (Georgia : // is Ordered, T./lJU S SEE. FL.1. Upon all Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys,
    itrieli the Taxes due to Sur.\aparilfas Eliza That the said Xacharith C- FIt, and all other persons REFER TO or Ten.pinIley callett.fused
    01 *o thereof as wIl 1 isf\ any ant 1111 of 11,1 day, Whittiugton, ) technically so los
    thereon for the \ear l.j wit : andtcith Ihul al Jam leellatqualnttd. r*. > Divorce.Ephraim interested in tire premises of which partition is Messrs., II. RONP, J. W. ARGYLE, D. C. WILSON, hire, a tax of fifty dollars.

    The NI J E 1 Sec l, T I, R '>, X and E ; the S W 4S J. 1 )J.\RSI.L. Obediah Whitlinztpn. ) oiiht: by this Bill, do appear and answer the -jidBillof F. H. FUGU.T.' Hoo"o:and J. T. .\ CH JR. 3J-Upoti every dray t.r cart, used for hire, a tax
    N and belonging .\. Complaint in t this caC filed, within tlfree March 1 -J'J. 1 of eight loU.f".
    : <'c6 5T 1. I 7, George IT appearing to the sali"laclill of the Court, by 1 (
    Mel ut\. re. affidavit in this cae, t that Ephriam Obediah Whit- months from the date hereof. -- Jlh-Upon every two or fonr horse wajoa used
    JOHN I PVTTERSON, FROM AN EMINENT LAYER IN :OnTJnIITO:1 tington, the defendant, resides beyond the jurisdiction The premises for partition, ol which the nil i is: J. L. SHIELDS, M. 1). J. S. BOND, M. D. for hire, a tax ot ten dollars.

    T.c Collector fo Madison County. MASSACHt''ETTS.: of this Court, and out of the State of Floiida, filed, i is:known and described as the following Irarlo 5th-Upon every hack, or public carriage used t fcr

    December 1,1 Sty. .47 til] NORTHMPTO.V. L\-b 7. 1549.D and in the State ol Georgia : It is Ordcrid, That the or parcels of land l hin* and Wing, in the Cj Jnly of Drs. SHIELDS & BOND hire, a lit of eight dollars, except harks and carnage -
    .*ar Sir-I have Ion:; wisi td to see jou, t tli.it- ( I aid Ephraim Obediah! \VhiiItiatssn do appear and Leon, State of Florida to wit : i I' i N W .J, Sec"it I ; | belonging (to public livery stable

    Tax Collector's Sale might give >ou) an accurate account of the temarka. plead), answer, or demur to t the Raid bill of complaint WiN i W 4 L. Sec 2-2 ; W i S W 4, Sec 22 ; all in T HAVING associated, themselves: together in I the Cth-Upon etery public Livery Suble, a tax cf

    tile cure ol my only daughter of a violent case olscrolula. within months, or I the said bill will I be taken I IR N :ld of Medicine, Surgery, &, oiler their twenty-five collars.Tth : .
    \' virtue of the authority vested in me by law, I 1'11 It Ordered, That of this order Cervices to the citizens of and the surround- =
    11 a Quincy
    B Slio: i is now alu.o-t tlucc >earsol age. In 11 0 rUIJcl U" airain! the said defendant : Pruti- fitither ropy Upon every Hawker and Pedlar rendinggonN
    have levied upon ant wil expose for sale, before IVbinary'l t. putrid ol es upon the lips face, and dtd, That the publication. of this order be made in he! published once a week lor I he space of two months in? country. w ares and merchandize, a tax of one hundred!
    the Court House il Madisonon the fir,t in some r in the city of Tallahassee Q-iincy. .Xuzu II 1 1SIO. 31
    : glands (I their appearance, and increased with ome public printed in this State once a newspaper printed dollars.
    newspaper ---- -- --- --- -------
    MONDAY in JUNK next, the following describedlandi frightful rapidity; one (>I her e\es_ also became ku week for the period of three loolhi. State aforesaid.: Thomas Jeff. Heir Sth-Upon all Bank Agencies, a tax of sixty i dollars. -
    or much thereof as will the Tavesdu THOMAS BALTZELL ,
    satUty Judge.1st .
    51 badly ulceratedthat to al it could never S. HAWKINS, Judge, &.c.
    <* thereon fur the 1S19, to wit : alprarnCf monrr f ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
    year again he ieloied. six week 1\' 1 S February, IbW. Jth-Upon all agencies of Insurance Companies.Ja
    The S I eland N I E 4 of Sec 10, E | W 4 of Sec : 1, A true -Attest, of
    : tliechild being a most horriblesi htand the heaits JOHN MILTON copv practice in the Cite lit Court in each tax twelve dollars.
    10, WISE 4. Sec 3T 1, R 7, N and l:., belonging of her parents almost,' bioken. Dining the whole of Solicitor for Complainant. OSCAR -A. MYERS, Clerk. WILL of the Middle Circ jit,and in the Supreme 10th-Upon all venders of Lottery Ticket, a fax

    to Edward rvn. I this period we used 1 LARGE rl.tllar '>. 1"$O. 4 2rn and States District Court aTallra of five Itollor3 : And all retailers of pirituon- cr vinI -
    Also, lots N. 4 and in fractional Sec 2. N 4, Sec I S.\HS.\J\RILI.\: Cour Uiet
    t -------
    23V i, S E 4. :m.ll 1 E:6. S \V 4, Sec 2'i;, T Id, R I (!U.TITIP, but Wc lul airc"led in Stall of Florida, > I, Samuel C. Bellamy, Clerk I oils liquors as aforesaidall keepers billiard tables,
    S and E. belonging to John Miller. 1. ? the disease was still at its height', Jackson County, jj of (the Circuit Court in} and fcr To Building Contractors. Monticello, January 2!, 1S-IS. 23 : or bawling or ten pin alley, all keepers ol evr\
    I happened one day to call at the store of dray or cart, or two or four horse (.r hack or
    JOHN H. Y''lr'eIY aid County, do hereby ceitily that the above i is a to build a Court Hoine in the town wagon
    Tax Collector for Madion County. gentlemanly agent in this place, and relating the (true and con e-nt I trarhrripl of the oiiginal order passed PROPOSALS F'lrida. will be received Illi the CARAWAY. SMITH] [W. S. DILWORTH.ATTORNEYS public carriage, ned for hiie as aforesaid-all l>rei '
    manner in which our child wa afflicted, he advised era of livery stables, hawkers and pedlars. agents u;
    in Martha Eliza Whittiu which time
    loa Obe Jot of ) at
    November 21. 1S4' -JO <>m case vs. Epraim day / ( rs ]111rJ] @ l
    me to make a trial of 'our Canchalagua. I took bat diah Whitlinulon, uinz for divorce. as shall live been UJd.., will be submitted to the Banks or Insurance Companies, and all vend* .

    one botlle, having no confidence in itbut commencrj Given under my hand and pi 'atelt.tlherl bein Board of County Commissioners for their decision AT LAW lottery tickets, shall under penalty of double rii*

    Hamilton County Tax Sale. : firing It .<.coidinj to your Jiicctiuni. Ito1ping no seal of office, this.21st day of December, A. D., thereon. The proposed building is to be of brick ; MONTICELLO[ FLORIDA.July tax in caeof failure, before their several arocat/e>.
    of the power vested in me by law I all other medicines at once, and in just five 15 19. two stories! high, and liltj-three by fort ..tllee ft-et callings or business as aforesaid may be purnttl, jnd

    13virtue.hal for "iltf, before the Court He**** swcllinz visibly decreased, the ulcer began 10 heal, SAMUEL C. BELLAMY. Clerk, [SEAL.] in dimensions. The draft of the building with the 7, 1S-19.- 27. upon time payment of the taxes levied as ator- i.;. Jji

    da.jr, he town of Jasper, Hamilton County.' "'1 and she improved rapidly for three weeks, and to our By \ D. C. specifications, may be seen by application to James obtain a License so to do from the Infendant: to be
    : TI.S.
    rida.on the first 1I\ndl\i June next, (I ISM' ,) beuigth very great joy was appaiently cured-kVs than two January !), Is.jQ. 51 W.TSO 3m M Gilchris-t or Chailes II. Dlltut. two of the corn- A. E. MAXWELL, I countersigned by the Treasurer, and such Liceue
    3d day of thot m'lllh. the following described botiles havin<; UII1 Naming this case to home rnittce residing in the Quincy. All com- shall not be issued for a shorter period than .ue

    propeity. or so much thereof a! will be sufcient'o of our incredulous they seemed to think that Middle Circuit of Florida. munica'ions! on the subject must be addressed to the ATTORMEY AT LAW, jear.llth.

    pay the Slate and County Taxes due the cure mu.t have been elected by the u. e of the GADSDEN COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT. undersigned, at (QMKICV Florida.. 'WILL I attend all the Courts of .Middle Cir -On all Shon,,ether than Circuses or Equestrian .

    year ISI'J' to wit : SARSAPARILLA, and it was not easy, under the JUIES. ) fjcj- Office over S. F. Burnt"\s' Store. Exhibition-a lax of five dollars, and on all

    The N \V 4 of the S W 4 of Sec t. T 1. R 13, Sand circumstances, to anrue against that opinion : HUT! In Chancery.Isabella : .S I GIrClmST'CIAIrI > Committee. Tallahassee. Oct. 27, ISI''. 42 Circuses or Eqne; rian exhibitions, a tax o f eisih'I

    E., purporting: to belong to William J. Mills. NOW FOR THE PROOF. When the child appeard Ward, ) I.. HINSON, ) dollars shall be levied and collected foi each exi.'b-! :

    WILEY LEE, t- to be perfectly cured, we stopped giving her your c' > Bill for Divorce. February I<5.Ifr.I ;). G 7t S. S. KNIGHT, liona licence to authorize which must first btmi-

    Tax Asie.sor and Collector Hamilton Co. extract, supposing all was safe; but in twenty-five Edward 1". Ward. ) -' -- Wholesale Retail Grocer & Provision Dealer tamed from ll.e Intendant,an countersigned by the
    Novemb-T 0 21, 1ST.10 Om d,
    ------- -------- s\\clin began to jeturn. We waited five days to J. the Judge of this Couit, by affidavit duly TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA. assessed.
    ; fled months :alter date, I will apply to I the Hon.
    would amount to thing serious. It increased all itinerant trd1el3bo shall efTet
    SIX 12th-Upon
    MRS. DEM ILLYneSPECTFI'LLY see any papers in this ca'ist.thatthe said
    amontU constantly on for sale at a
    I of
    rapidly as before. We again commencedgiving I ( defendant in I he above1iIi. reside out IrJt"Ldlcf.rll County Jeleho".for KEEPS advance on handandoter, the standard good, wares or merchandize for sale in this city
    her your medicine, and in five days, (the same ol (this District) and be\ond the limits of the Stateof :ot tiri. as administrator \ndiiun articles in his line. of -- there shall be levied and collected a tax of' me hundred
    period of time as before,) the began to grow better, Florida, and in the State of Alabama : Saced, : County. deceased. -Sugars, Cotlees, Fours, approved, Hams, Pork I dollars ; and a license so to sell shall first be
    in about two weeks was again. From that WILLIAM SNEED.Jeffeisou : : : obtained from the Intrndant aforesaid, under
    all wel hereby Ordrird, That the said defendant be as a
    Candles, Lard, and all similar articles together
    day to this, the child has; Iwrfl'cl.wel.. required to appear and answer I this Bill of Complaint County, October 20, 1 it9.11 1 Om Soap with Fruits, Irish Potatoes, Onions, Nuts- -, I' penalty, in cae ot failure so to Jo, of a double tax

    My lather, Isaac Hodges, of ., within three months : to be imposeJ.
    TENDERS: her to hr Oth AdJIS Mass.: I from I this date, and in dcfaul Raisin: Figs, Ahmondsand all other articleju th.t1 PhYSICIAN, carneto see us with ( theieof I SECTION. He further Ordainrd That
    J and the liberal a Iwiltenlol apr'seribng (he sait Bill shall be taken pro confeMo Co-Partnership. found in similar establishments. every
    V fiiend* public generally flr t
    for her, but as we were the DaguerreoMpi.-r, before pursuing such occupation in
    ; defendant
    shall be
    against and the cause : having associated to-
    Storenex' door above G. Mon
    has received for thl'msth.es '
    patronage khe formerly 01..1 a continuance icine with success! and the child improving rapidly I 'c-t forbearing at the next Teim of the Circuit THE :in the APOTHECARY" LINE OF BUSINESS 1. Meginnis5ca this city, and every non-resident Dentist, bel ere
    she confide
    the that (for st
    of same uiiujtully, can strict aMention illy say t bephen he did not condemn i, but left his own presaiptionto Court, in said County of Gad .denon the third Monday under the firm of NASH &. TAYLOR, respectfully roe\priI2"f'et., 1849. 17 ly pursuing his profession within Ihe limits of this city,

    Iheconriiiig her Iwa''J business. Her table not wil be used in cae your Extract failed. We had no in May next t : Proeidtd, That p.tlcatiol. ot.tI solicit t the Ptt: roriae of t the citizens gene -----.- shall pay ;. tax ot'ten dollars, and obtain a 1.cenj:
    to hal surjus oaskn for it, and I an sure he wi now recommend I this Order be made in some public newspaper rally. 'J hey have ordered, and are inl a trom the Intemhnt ; and upon failuie or refusal s>
    this be ejecting
    rj of place. con. GEO. H. BESTWICK
    by"employed any luntcr11, wiltigine your medicine in similar ca
    t-imulK Jf the forest and timing f"rthe leathered"inter fowl ol the Your obedient s'n'anl.IOLCI' three months. 1"dJ13nI I I" (I. the best quality. They intend to sell none but Wholesale &, Retail Grocery & Provision Dealer, SECTION 5. Be further Ordaintd, That a')
    ldlU. : J. HODGES. TIOI.SLTZELL, Judge.A such as are good. TALLAHASSEE.: FLORIDA. Oulinances, or parts ot Ordinances conflicting niiil

    Her i at es of charges forooaraand noard and lodging true cop-.te Their store is opposite the Court House, on Monroe T7"EEP3 constantly on hand ar.d for sale at the the true intent and meaning of this Ordinance, te
    month satisfactory FROM:' R. II. WINSLOW, HANKER, WALL ST., N. Y. R. C. J.I : Clerk. street, adjoining the Post Ollice. IV lowet cash prices for the article in and the same are hereby repealed.
    per day, week or year, IiaU.be cash.al
    February 1 1S.10. 3m MILES! : Passed the Council and approved this 27th day. cf
    to her patiuns. New YoikSept. 14, 164S. : N"I, this lincof bliine ". Flours }uatie!, Sugar, FebruaryA.; D. 1530. -
    A stable, with a good oatler, i is attached.September' ToFreduick A. Gay, 1si.] : State of Florida. J UN I US _\Yr.on. Co/flee, Tea, !Hacon Hams,Soap,Candles, Nuts Raisins D. P. IIOGCE Intentbal.

    2: ISl'J. 3S Cm M\ near Sir-l cheerfully comply wilh sour repje December 27.1S 19 SyCabinetMaking Lard Whiskey, and all other articles usually Attest-Gsa. W. HCTCIIISS Clerk.,
    --- ---.-. --------- -, ( .t in acknowledging, with others, t the benefit GADSDEN CIRCUIT COURT IN CIL\NCERY. found in similar establishments. All persons wanting March 2, IS5. 8 ,
    General Orders. which I have derived from the use of \'OIJ" JtracIofCanetialagua"or Dorothy Scott, ) -. to purchase any of the above articles are respectfully -

    California Plant. Its effects upon vs. V Bill for Divorce. ..?,. .. .,. subscriber having taken the invited to call and price (them bsfore buying
    E1ECUTVF: DrrARTMFT. ) my system are evident and gratifying, and ha\'t Reuben Scott. ) c--:jCJy fcT?TiE and Ware-I"ol: recently elsewhere. Bagging and Rope.

    nllahaftce, Filtruaty I t,;.0. 5 induced me to recommend its use to my friends; and IT appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, by '.t J occupied by Mr. Gerald Vingerhoets, Store formerly occupied by L. & II. Gr erg C\-/ Q PIECES Kentucky Bagging,
    AN election is hereby ordered to be bed in the I am pleased to assure you that in n'J instance'haveI affidavit in t this cause filed, that Reuben Scott, the is prepaml: ,Manufacture all kinds of Cabinet Furniture k Co.,corer of Monroe and Jefferson streets.Ma "O SO coils Rope,

    Second Division of the Fl.irida Militia, on the I been disappointed in its cflicacy. I do not hesitate defendant: I in I this cause, resides beyond the jtui!dic- arid has now on hand a good a.sollmenl t ,which > 1'2, IS19. 19 1 bale Twine,
    first Monday in April next, at the places appointed in my confidence in its remarkable medicinal qualities I lion .t this Court, and out of t the Stale of Florida : will be sold low for cash. GEO. DAMON. 2 bales Gnnny Cloth.

    by law for the election of County)' Oflice-rs for a Major ( and to stale that I believe it wil be found to bean It is Ordered, That I the said Reuben Sect! do appear, Furniture repaired at the shortest notice, and on A Valuable TractOr Just received per Schooner Pertes, and for sslebf

    General to command: said Division to fill the vacancy excellent remedy in most diseases of I the plead, anlwer. or demur to said Bill of Complaint reasonable (terms. January 19, 1S5U. 2 Cm'T'HE LAND IN MADISON COUNTY FOR SALE. aicXAUGHT & ORMOND.

    occasioned by the le&ignatioiiof General Jesse liver aud kidneys, in pulmonary aliciols. and also within three months o said Bill will be taken pro WILL sell at private sale, the tract of LAND belonging N'ewportFebruary; 2i, 1550. 7

    Carter. in the purification of the jour confi6io against said defendant, and that the cause Quincy Male and Female Academyrl'.opened I to the estate of the late John J. Boyce.
    Olb'ccrs commanding Brigades, Regiments, Battalions met it in the introduction of this invaluable plant; be set for hearing during the next Term of the -L January 71 h. The second session It is conveniently and advantageously situated, containing "Fancy Sugar."
    and Companies within the limits of ui'Division be is I lie sincere wi. h of Gadsden Court in May next : .lint it further Or-
    may apPlecated. will commence June 6th. Students may enter at near one thousand acres of hammock, oak, 5 BARRELS extra fine Vacum Pan Sugar,receivedper
    are hereby required to carry into thil or- YlurI R. H. WINSLOW. tiered That this Order be published in come public any time during the year, and, after the second week and hickory and pine land, with about 300 acres now Pettes," and for sale) by
    ler within their respective commands, and make returns QrJ-: Pamphlet) containing description of California newspaper printed in this State once a week for three of the session they wi be charged only from the in cultivation. Buildings and pastures for the most McXAUGIiT & ORMOND.

    according to law. together with interesting information in relation mouths. February 3, Is'jO. lime of entering. may be had at prices varying part good. Peisons desiring to remove to Florida i"ievportFebruary 3lS!. 7
    who acted]
    is also ordered that f hose persons as to I the C.VNCHALAGUA.itsremaikableefllcacy THOMAS BALTZELL Judge. .
    I from $-5 to $10 per mouth. For further particulars are invited to call and examine for themselves -- -- -
    Inspectors of the elections( held in October ultimo and cures, are GIVEN AWAY at the AGENCIES.Sold I. FERGUSON, Jr., Solicitor. see printed catalogue, which may be obtainedby Terms reasonable. Liverpool Salt. -
    for County and Military Officer also act a Inspector A truecopy-\Itest, (to N. 11. STEWART
    LEWIS AMES, application JOHN
    ot the election above ordered..Mem. by & R. C. LESTER, Clerk. C. McGEIIEE. 1 0O SACKS in fine order, (bleached Sacks,)just .
    .-It klull: be the duly of the peronlwhil October G, 1510. Agent!, Tolobasl'f Florida. February ., 1550. : 3m Jan. (, 1S50. : Principal. February t 16,1S50. 0 tf -LUU received per Barque H. Gamble,and! for ,
    Ihe various :9 sale by McNAUGHT OKJ10ND.
    the elections in Jistrct Notice. To the Florida Volunteers. Si
    give ten days notice thereof, sit three most In Leon Circuit Newport February 23, 15'0. 7
    public places in said District. P. P. LEWIS, SIX months after date, I shall present my accounts undersigned will attend to the collection of -
    IN CHANCERY. vouchers to the Honorable Cout of Pro- TIlE the State the
    THOMAS BROWN, against or United States I Gentlemen's
    Governor and Cfl (IJ JYJ Yl Caleb Complainant, bates for the County of Leon, and ask for a final sefDement for services rendered by, or supplies furnished, the Clothing.A .
    COllutftr.i/I.C1tj. 1. Boo
    and discharge Executor of (the last will SMALL and well selected stock of Clothinf,
    February 2, IS.'iO.( 4 determined Io change his location from a Florida Volunteers called into service of the State
    -- -- ,-- -- 1' HAVING:\' Ga. to Tallahassee, Fla., would laid P. no ue. AJm'r.18.of C. C. Hall, &c., and and testament of William Turner iheeeMATthEW ; .ecl. during the recent Indian outbreak. just' received per Emeline.and for sale by

    Pain Killer.A respectfully tender his professional services to the Chares Mapes, et ai, Defendants. TURNER. Being thoroughly conversant with all the forms McNAUGHT &. ORMOND.
    citizens of this and the He I February 2, 1'50. 4 Cm and business for Newport, February 23, 1530. 7
    surrounding country. t the collection of the
    FRESH supply Davil'Pain Killer,just appearing by affidavit made in this cause that necessary :same -
    Xi. received and for sale by wi visit Monticcllo, Madison, and Thouiasville, E thc said defendant Charles Mapes, resides out of he flatters himself he will be enabled to give full! Flour.

    T. WHITE CO., Agents.Nove ., where he will be prepared to practice his profession the State of Florida, but in I the United States : It is Notice satisfaction to those entrusting their claims with
    berl7.1S49. 45Bagging & in all its various branches. hoping liotn many That the said Charles Mapes do appear and subscriber having fitted up the TANERY him. or BARRELS St. Louis Flour/,
    Ordt..r TiE
    -------- 'ear experience in the science (to be able to gi\'p entire plead or answer the bill of complaint filed in this this place known as Baker's Tan>ard, has Reference-All who know him.GEORGE ._s.J -10 do. Gennesse do.
    satisfaction. All operations will be warranted. came within four months from the date of the now on hand and will keep al kinds of LEATHERfor W. UUTCHINS. 20 J do. do. do.

    Ladies. waited. on at their residence.IkferflCi8IJI8. publication of this older or tho said bill will be frs- sale ; and will have BOOTS and SHOES February 23, J 1S50. 7 For sale by McXAUGliT & ORMOND.

    ROPE, AND SALT, for sale by I D. A. Brandon, A. W. Preston, ken for confessed,against him: Provided, That a made to order. He has on hand a superior article of Newport, February 23,1S30. 7

    JcNAUGU1' & ORMOND. S. S. Adams, J. 11. Hill, Rev. P. 1'. Smith, Thomas. copy of this order be published in some doubled.soled NEGRO SHOES. He would hero return Fletcher Institute.tThIEflEAS ---- _
    Newport, January 52Notle newspaper his thanks to the citizens of Ga den and the Fresh Medicines.A .
    : 'ile.HI published in Tallahassee, for the space of lour <: Madam Rumor says that students
    s. W. J. Brituon and J. H. roeMadisQn} Court months. adjoining Counties for their past patronage, and say \/V desiring to come to this Institution cannot SMALL stock of Medicines, just received per

    C. J Hou! :e. THOMAS DALTZELL, J ge. (to them that he will continue to manufacture Leather find boarding houses : To all whom it may concern Emeline, warranted pure and fresh. For sale

    SIX months after date,the undersigned 1 will apply Od- Oflkc at Mrs. J. L. DerHl. Dated November S, IS 1 19. t Boots, and Shoes, at his:old stand in Gadsden I send greeting, that J have in my house on by McNAUGHT & ORMOND.

    the Hon. Judge of Probate 'for Leon County October J 13, ISl'J. Cm A true copy from the original County, near Qnincy. He will be glad at all timesto : the hill at the Institution, ample rooms, welt furnished Newport, February 23, ISoO. 7
    lor letters of dismi *ioii 'from the Estate of Arthur ---- Clerk. exchange any of the above articles for Oak Bark t'Uhi'e places for the accommodation of .

    Burley, *cn, deceased. Tin Manufactor. November24,1SI9. 46 .4mAttachment. Hides crippled negro boys, or his own paper. thirty students,and will promise to give them plentyof Notice.
    JOHN S. Ex'r. Qrj-: Good Boot and Shot makers, of steady habits, wholesome diet three times furnish
    J.\R'r TTAVIIWI engaged ,ye are good a day weeks after date, I shall apply to the Hon
    September 6, ISIJ. 55-Cm Ii. prepared to fill all order in our line in a can have employment. lights, and do their washing, all for ten dollars per SIX e of Probate for Leon County for letters ofAdrninistraton

    prompt and satisfactory manner. A 1 orders from In Court for Zd District of Leon County. w. H. MCMILLAN. month one half paid in advance, ti e other at the on the estate of Louisa B. Newton,
    TallahasseeFebruary 2, 1850. 4
    the receive immed'ate attention. A lyETNA end of the year deceased.
    Notce. wi late. of( said County,
    Francis ,Agent
    apply to the liberal i given to inercha ils and dealers. 1. Flaps Trus-l) P. P. SMITH PATRICK SMITH.
    mOlth. HiMI' INSURANCE
    lbaH E. of debt COMPANY
    wife Amount
    SIX Judge of Probate: in and for the Count) of T WHITE& CO. tee li! e*. Mary I $25 00. HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT. Flelcherville, Ga., Feb. 21, lS:O. 7 3m February 23, 1550. 7 6w

    Jeflcrton forinydischarg* as one of the Administrator June, 16.t. 23 of
    of William Bellamy, late of naid County dc. Protection New Jersey.Insurance Company J BULDINGS. Stocks, and Cotton in Warc.house Raisins, Figs, Cheese, &c. Notice.

    ceseed. SMITH SIM KINS. Fruits, &c. "PilE defendant and all others interested are here. loss by fire. OA BOXES English Dairy Cheese, persons are hereby forwarned for tradfng for

    Jefferson Crnaly, January HI 160. 2 6ia ORANGES, J. by notified of the commencement of this suit January 26 1S0. LEWIS &AMES, /OVs 10 Drums fresh Figs, ALL certain note,dated January 20. IS4tand pay
    RAISINS LEMONS, by attachment, returnable to a Justce'l Court to be : Agenls, Tallahassee. 20 Boxes do. Raisins, able to Widow Elli. for the hire of boy Bob, anti'

    Notice.SIX APPLES ONIONS, held at Tallahassee, on the March, A. Garden Seeds. 1 Box Citron, due 1st January, 1S30,' for eighty dollars ; as said

    month afterdate, I will apply to the Ilnnnr IRISH POTATOES, D. 1S50, and to appeir and plead to the same.Given 10 Boxes Champaigne Cider, note has been paid,and wag stolen from my counliDj,
    !e Judge of Probate for Ihe County of \Vekhinglor."forletter MACKEREL in h.1 barrels and kills, under my hand and seal, this the 31st day of A LARGE assortment of fresh GARDEN SErOS u Heidsick Champaigne Vine, room at the lime of entering, and I am informed named w
    of dianmsion from the adruinutiation PICKLED December, 1519. : just Irom (the celebrted "With a variety of articles of the kind, received now offered for sale by one drunken tailor,
    BEEI' TONGUE EDWARD M. R. Gairctson,on Long Island. For sale by Emetine and for sale McMahan. at Quincy.
    1.: the estate of Mal hew Tuckrr, deceasi'sJ.hENRY ), Just received WEST .sEL per byMcNAUGHT LDP
    O'L'JtL. JOHN McDOUGALL. Justice the LEWIS &.UIS. & ORMOND. pA1F.L
    I 5 1S0. 52 o 3m January 5, 1550. 52 ISW. 7 Newport, March t 9,1550.
    Jai MT f t 1S54. 5' Ctt December: J, 1519 50 January Newport,Ftbnury,