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The Floridian
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00079927/00256
 Material Information
Title: The Floridian
Uniform Title: Floridian (Tallahassee, Fla. 1831)
Physical Description: v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 54 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Wm. Wilson
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla.
Creation Date: January 11, 1838
Publication Date: -1848
Frequency: weekly[nov. 11, 1837-1848]
weekly[ former 1831-oct. 15, 1837]
semiweekly[ former oct. 18-nov. 4, 1837]
weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from Bell & Howell, Micro Photo Division; Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 20. no. 34 (Dec. 30, 1848).
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with Oct. 10, 1831 issue.
General Note: "Laissez nous faire."
General Note: "Democratic." Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.
General Note: Publishers: Samuel S. Sibley, <1837>-1840; Gibson & Sibley, <1840>; Gibson & Hubbard, <1841>; E. Gibson, 1841; F. Flagg, 1841; S.S. Sibley, 1841-<1846>; Sibley & Dyke, <1848>; C. Dyke, <1848>.
General Note: Editor: E. Gibson, F. Flagg, 1841.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 3, no. 10 (Oct. 24, 1831).
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002060561
oclc - 10589672
notis - AKP8647
lccn - sn 84022794
System ID: UF00079927:00256
 Related Items
Preceded by: Floridian & advocate
Succeeded by: Southern journal
Succeeded by: Floridian & journal

Full Text
THE rLCHtllH \ j




"LAISSEZ JOTJS FAIRE."


ID\t QAUltJfma: fro r.: W1Lm'.YQ Au.L! I Id1 QQIBmi U.1 7Wazwr aUg a -
--.- nQ;0 'f .-:;;;;;;; i Q

- Governor Call's Reply to General Clinch.""


--
--
-

)r.. EOITOU.-I.cfore the bar of public opinion, no one canto re"_o I would have crossed the river without it in this moment of
answer when he has been arraigned. I appear in selffenrtand pail I l, whet, I had a right to eipect the most disastrous result extreme of bat bank, crossed over and rendered important by coolness -

fU'f if in repelling the illiberal and unfounded accusations f 1 tie with .ravage enemy. The idea is two absurd and ridiculous and judgment, in arranging part of hrs; corps, on the right of

d\'crsar)', I should cover him with hame, it will teach him in 1 to meri'one( moments consi eration. The only evidence the regular' troops, which gave much strength and security to that
,1flVl produced flank. !
to respect the feelings: and reputation of others, and not to 1J to prove that the volunteers :ould! have crossed the river isthe

fuu: .;' .-.i !,.. :.i.V..ll! assured: of the propriety of his own c ,n-1 I.toftheur'ofiicers! ono of them 'Col. John Warren whose state-opin- ...

oil on himself.: It will Li'rc1 : end firnifihoslta own answer. I urn

., .1", ?), arts nut the aggressor That 1 1r ly willing; It should! be received, for what it is worth. For perfect of
.. mil that 1 it in one Tho contingency mentioned Gen. Clinch in the let
M.I. 'v was reply 1 to hisr" |the other officers, Maj. Graham, I entertain the highest I by following
and him I respect. ter, and of which he wished to lose no time in
,. ?, own camp placed on ]know him to be a gentlemen and a man of honor, and am satisfied me availing myself
with due deliberation, to col- |he would make PO statement he did not believe lie has said "1 was his resignation, and my instructions from tne Secretary oflt'ar
,; i' ir his t testimony was prepared I 11 believe the mounted volurtcers could have been crossed by Gen. I in that event, to take command of the army.

made out a sc'' of charges against nimself to be disproved by his I i"n I Call by swimming their hones." This too, to have been the
witnesses. This I confess was much easier than to repel the I Irtflfounded belief of :Maj. Lytlc and bah have assigned appears the same reason for MARIANA, (:EAR ST. MARY'S; GEO.)

accusation which had been published against him. For Ii I I j t that belief. They iaythatMaj. llcIntoslaj.! : Ljtlo and Lieut. 13th Juuc, 183G.:

i instance, it was much more convenient for: himno, doubt] to prove j Dill) swam over early in theday, and therefore they to ., SIR,-I received last evening, per express, from Milledgcville -

that ]lie did not neglect his wounded, an offence with which he was ;;,' sumo, nil others might hive: )lone so. Now it i is a fact appear well known pr I. a package from the War Department, containing copies

not charged bv me, than it would have been to prose that he was not i ijtsTOiiMble to all who were present that those gentlemen divested themselves I'I of several letters to Maj. Gen. Scott and yourself as well as

: for the s-icrifice of the }lamented Dade, and his brave connanio.H !I (of their clothing! and arms, aid swam over naked and! in a perfectly extract: of letters from you to the Secretary of War ; also: a letter -

i in arms. Tor the correctness' of all the charges I batsnladr j: |{ defenceless( situation. lu! because three nuked and unarmed.I to me of the 25th ultimo, a copy of which was sent to \ou.
him (1"H.ll. as. for the justification of : own conduct! !!
against my A
j their horses combination
men swam over, unincumbered with any thing does it of circumstances beyond my control, has induced -
I appeal with confidence, to the numerous statements of gentlemen, 'i prove that 300 mounted men could! bare swam over, equip! for me to retire from the army, and I hasten to give this
enclosed and which I have to will .lair you
herewith request you give a
} battle
with
II their arms and amtunilion I:fit does not iipiovcs/ nothing information, that you may without loss of time, avail yourself
jn your pa per. ,! to the !piirpose. and the gentlemen "hose.tatcrn nt are herewith of the
contingency contained in the letter from the
The principal charge against me, and perhaps tle: onlv, one, which: enclosed' will show most the Secretary
deserves moments consideiation, is that I "e\\ r. i ro..nivn on- .. in that conclusive-/ utter\ impo-ibihty of of war to you, dated on the 25th Ma> It was with feedings of
I cio-Miig manner. I rcmcmb-r well when Lieut. Dill plimjicd
ntn to the volunteers that! no nnn: should cross" the! .river. And this into the [ deep and unfeigned regret, that I felt compelled to renew to
I
stream. He was the liNt to swim over, and the fact
iIIP/( reason assigned by Gen. Clinch, why tho principal! force t of the considered the President a tender of my commission in the armv. But I
(
: e.\traordin..ry: by Clinch lint he cried
cn. : out
Florida volunteer not ena::e.l in the battle, : of the Withlacoochcc. II II"a it* cheer him," and pulling: (Ill' his cap set the example: whichwas feel confident, that, in retiring from the service, the military
In lirsi reply to this chare I pronounced il falvj; and called] direction of affairs in Florida
my ; follow'id by a shout of the men which might have been heard will be placed in abler hands, and
on the Gen. to produce! his. proof. I thl obsetved if he could find I for in the hands of who has
j miles, although we were uirchms' to a vigilent one, a deep interest in her future pros-
surpnio
witnesshe would be what relieved and that he would! enemy
some then
we j jjiaJ
i known to be near us. Hut Gen. Clinch believed it practicable to perity and happiness. It will at all times afford me great pleasure -
\ only in the unenviable light, ut a retailer: ol'iunl and, base cal
umn '. Such is the present situation of tle: Ceneial.] After an I v.im> the liver with our arms and ammunition, why did he not give to communicate to you any imformation in my power, that

t'lsibeof near four months-after searching for f testimony among the |i the ouler. The crossing commenced under his direction, and he you may think will aid the operations in Florida.rith .

torst members of society in St. :Maivs-alter going in pet son around! !! was- prccnt1Ic1 must have observed the slow progress; made( in \\ high respect and esteem,
1
llic suburbs of Jacksonville, he has produced IWojtIW!\ C'Sl1'n : commenred.passing the river from day light; until near one o'clock: when! action I remain your most ob't.

jiosi-: names I never before heard: who have stated that I did give I IM ( D, L. CLINCH.P. .
I (Gen. Clinch denies having: censured the Florida volunteers.] : It is
order that no. man should eras s the rite All the other witnesses
I some what: remarkable that: (I en. McCornbin his annual communication S.-I expert to leave! this for Black Creek to-day or to-
,hose statements he leas published, ,give only the account they had.|
received from others, and: spoke not from their 0:1owJl'II"e and 'II to the scf-retary of war, should have stated as he say on the morrow, and may be detained there ten or fifteen days."

recollection: on this subject. It is some what lemarkable that upwards I'l authority 27 of the official: ''rf'/Hlrts/ he had received on the sujcl? \Ul 11., ....., ..,....> IIV.. OiUI, tr .. n 1 r-

of 300( men should! ] have been }puvented by my, order. from j! only l ,rnen and t thrF' :\\m! l'y"irux1;t ;o__ Jrik!! late action has not Gov. of Florida, Tallahassee.The .
me the: order. The Gen a I j it coasciuus that, these! men I
give the whole
force, as was evinced by the regular troops there I is little I
belief and that would not be credited( in !I
of they a
acre unworthy doubt but that the war would have Ivcn terminate! with the battle I
Element made on honour, took the precaution of having them sworn "
of the AVithlacoochee. Here ,
of the die. Gen.
is a censure deepest
cfie-c!. If these! not : I following is extract from letter from Col. Read
dir to produce: more imposin r men are per- McComb as ho has stated could oily have been informed on this :; an a to
md, if they have not incured the! moral responsibility. of 'bearin<: !subject\ by the official reports he rn:eived. If the official reportsof Gen. Call, written b}' the direction of Gen. Parish, who was

Jk. witness" it is because they are two i!!nor.mt to comprehend the (;cn. Clinch did not warrant the statement made by Gen. Me 'then in Philadelphia, and unable to write himself. GeneralI
ii'igation'!! of an oath. Statements are false, whether produced \\I) I Call had him whether he order
Comb-If acting: under an erron;otJs conception, he had done injustice requested) to state had given an
!At depravity ()their nature, bv other h.firmitiesle-s( criminal], or bv, to the Florid troops, it ors the duty of Gen. Clinch when i during the battle of the AVithlacooch.ee, prohibiting the men
satisfiulion of all 110 will
the
: give
axidentill be fully proven to I.\\ he saw these patriotic and gallant men presented, in so unfavourable j from crowing: : the river, and whether the troops from East
tieiselvps the trouble! to read the statements of disinterested' and!
teprctiiblc gentlemen, accompanying this communication. I a light, to correct the error r.nd! shield them horn the dishon j Florida had been prevented from crossing the river by the ofiiircrs -

These documents signed bv uf tlenien whose veracity dors not 'i|: ourable; \ imputation; : which had been cast upon them. Did he do 'I from Middle Florida, n* had been stated. The following

require to be f fortif.ed( by an oath, will ;;ti'\' all tinpreji:diced lIen..!'! this? no ho hid caused an high cuiogium; to bv pronounced upon :'1'is the answer of Gen. Parish written down b\ Col. Read.

iliattlic reason assigned. by Jen.( Clinch, win volunteers) of blur 'ihe !tegular; : troop, and he was wiling; that the !Florida volunteers, He sats, That during the fight, Gen. Read v rode up to the

iila did not cross ilia! river: and join i il the action! i is cdrrly! unfounded. ,!hr; .ud! bear the\ odium of declining a participation in the action, i' brink ofth river, and rC1l'tPstt'IIyoll[ to come over immediately,
when! it was owing alone to hi* want of forethought that tho proper; '1
: which von did ; and that several times during the action Read
means had: not been provided to eiable them to cross the river,and(I '
place assigned a very ilitfojent: caI1-'C': I hare ally:;ed 1 that a deep, j requested him to send over his men, which he presumes was by
in the !battle.In .
vojJe, and rapid river, sepaiateil the volnntcejs/ on the north. bank join order and that the fight the
from the ] the south my letter to Gen. :MeCombon this -I/Iject: I stated that there i your during men were crossing,
which side] uf the liver I
troops were CIaCl: : :, on ,
was force of than SO of the Florida volunteers I and that he is confident that no order was given, either by } ottrelf -
that no other means had. beat provided f for ciossing{ at the commencement an arregr.te: :: ; more '
of the action, tlla 1dlu,,(! afforded! by an old Indian canoe who crossed before or during the fight and joined in th j ;action. I or any other ollicer from Middle Florida, to prevent the

that it had taken the regular!:; troops 200( ( in number from day gave the names of the officers lien recollected! amounting; to about I men, from either Middleor Ea t Florida, from crossing, andi }

lijlit until between 12: and one ,,'clol k to cross over, and that it wasfflerty 15 number, and I ret that the names of 'apt. Scott and Lieut. i that the charge: of an officer from 3/iddlo Florida, ordering

impossible for )vo'.onteeis! + to )have crossed by the: same Cuthbcrt were unintentionally omitted. The :fir-t crossed: before the: I Mast Florida troops not to cross, bears on its face all the

ieaasin30: minutes. These factsare self evident! they ate not derdly commencement of the fight, and was among the first in the lid!). marks of a wilful and deliberate falsehood, and that the officers

Gen. Clinch, or any one of his numerous whncsoes. 'J'hey] I j The latter crowed during the a -lion, and was on that: \a well as on 4'laud{ privates of East Florida must know it."

,1\1\ not be contruvcited by any one. They were the true and uu- all other occasions during tins campaign; dislinjrui.-hed for his bravery

cable reasons, why the volunteers did not <'ioss the river and join and good onduct. After a careful examination of all the evidence I .
athc action. They were known to Gen.) Clinch, ami] they' should produced by Gen. Clinch I have no reason to doubt the accuracy

atebccn assigned! by him. He should\: have admited with the rung of any t-taUMiicnt made !"iy me in my tiara reply to him, I believe

tininiity, and! have met with! the fa'mows of a soldi-r: and a gentle them to ho strictly correct. And those who may not he satKlied TALL\HAS: :, Dec. arcs 1637.

Jan, the responsibility i he had incmed] by \placing 1.5s;: army, in a po- on the subject I refer to the accompanying. : documentand DIAR SIR,-In answer to your enquiry, whether I was near

oion in the presence of an enemy, by which! one poition, might beauglitcrcd particularly to "statements; of Gen. Parkhtll! who is aJmited !by I you during the action of the ;Jlst Dec., on the Withlacoochee} ,

!! while the other would be unable ti' give the. sufl'erers rc- all to have been one of tho most gallant, and intelligent; oflie-eis on t II and whether I heard you give an order for the men not to cross

W. This would have been more consistent with truth and more that. field. the river and also to state the dillicuhu of cn Nsin
compatible with the character ]he wishes! to sustain than! meanly toe I (;CII. Clinc'.i: has published ono of my letters to him and] an ( x.l- mIll the means provided for that purpo ('. r can say, that I
nAejv: >r to throw tbo jesjionbibilitv' on) a subordinate! officer, by I e- tract Horn an oiher. It would! have been much more compatible \\
when the
was near action
commenced 1 heard givean
tailing a slander he had! heard rumoured to his piejudice. the open funk, and generous character of a soldier, to have published you ; you
order to extend the line of the the
Florida volunteers
Even in the absence of the conclusive evidence have, produced with them his letters to which mine were answers. lie I up
topnne the falsehood of the charges made against! me, there are two had informed rue that he was superceded in command by (Gun. I north bank of the river, for the purpose of driving back a bodyof

ortumstances/ which must be conclusive with every man of common Scott. I believed his statement and in answering his letter I ob- Indians who had shown themselves on the Hank of the left

1eIIie. The first is that Gen. Clinch, made his official report of the served ")'ou had been shamefully treated." J5ut it does not appear wing of the troops, on the opposite side. A similar line was

kale, without having heard that :300( () men had been prevented by m)' that Gen. Clinch was suieteeded;;, by Gen. Scott. As a IJre- formed, I understood by your order, extending down the north

l Wtrfiom crossing the river and joining in the fight. Now can any vet Jhi;. Gen. he was only entitled to the command of a 'Brigade.He } bank of the river. I had not an opportunity of !seeing; you

Jwhowevej- credulous, believe that such an important fact could haveAisled had no right to the commas d of a division. Therefore when a again, until I met you a t few minutes: after these lines were

and been known to the 30' mcn, for if they were prevented Maj.. Genls.command sent to the field and a Maj. Gen. sent to formed on the other side, after which, my time was exclusively

*Border (rom crossing they must all have heard the order, and command it, Gen. Clinch had no) causb of complaint, and it offered occupied by attending to the wounded. I did not hear you

relit( was not made known to the Gen. who continued on the march a very slight npology for his: resignation, when his country was engaged give any order, that the Florida troops should not cross the
ndiathe same camp with these men for three nights and] days, and in war, and demanded his aervices.
river the the liver
as only means prepared (for crossing wasa
*ttoo when he was collecting information on which. to make his Editors of new papers: who have published the articles and evidence -
>nicia\ report, and while the most free and unrestrained intercourse furnished 1 by Gen. Clinch, will please publish! this. crazy boat, in which not more than t C or 7 men could cross
:nd conversations over at a time ; from the commencement to the conclusion of
were carried on between the officers and men of R. K. CALL.
V command and Gen. Clinch, and with his confidential officers. Jf -- the action. I think not more than 20 or 25 men could have

lie 1 an order had been given, a general knowledge] of it could not The following i is an extract from the official report of Gen. crossed by that means-as the river was a rapid stream, and

Ire been concealed. Both officers and men would have spoken of it Clinch, of the battle of \Vithlacoochee, dtted! !five days after the swimming from bank to bank ; I think but a small number of

?enly and boldly] and it must have been immediately known to the battle, when every incident was fresh in his recollection. It is unfortunate I the best horsemen, with the best horses, could have crossed; and

"in pole camp. The several circumstances which must! be conclusive for him that he should afterwards, have been induced for any even they with their arms might have found it impossible. I

all wen ordinary- understanding the fact known to the whole purpose to contradict himself/, by saying that I "give u positive order understood at the time, that the general impression amongst the

*iy, that J when Gen. Read called to me across the liver saying, that no man should cross'! the river," Florida volunteers) was that it was altogether: impracticable.I .
tome .o\'cr or we are all lost if we arc not already." 1 did cross "Brig. Gen. Call alter using every effort to induce the volun- remain obedient servant,
Mediately and repair to the field.ow can any min ol common teers remaining on the north bank when the action commenced to your
tIt believe, that if I r" 'i'' ,>-.... Pw.T:...i t'iv comm',n'' with me, cross the river, and arranging the troops still remaining on that JOS. ADDISON BRADEiV-
To Gov, R. K. Call.



TilE EDITOR OF THE FLORIDLtN.SIR I meat the battle ended, leaving the regular command in the po- mand. The last of the the

,-I have seen in the Jacksonville Courier of the Gth ult.a sition just named when fireiag from both lines ceased to exist. set, under command. troops Gen. re-crossed a little alter "

reply of General Clinch (to Gov. Call's defence and expose It is proper here to remark, that although there were many to Fort Drane your on the return march Clinch rode the same< b""!'
that
of the battle of the Whhlacoochce, in answer to charges made volunteers in the hammock mi the river bank out of my view, field, which is stated to have been he rode to the bI'/'

by the former against the latter), together with sundry certificates therefore not in open field of battle they no doubt done their I so badly wounded. *

from officers and privates, comprising regulars and vol- duty; but the t few brave volunteers who remained exposed in am very respectfully,

unteers, engaged in the contest of the memorable 31st of Dec., open field and in line with the regulars, exposed: all day to a Your R. ob't Serv't.

1835,-the contents of which 1 have particularly noticed, and galling fire of the enemy, deserve notice. I remember Indian 'VELLFORD.

find to my great surprise, a tissue of errors flowing throughthe Billy, Capt. John Parislm,)Iajor Gamble, aid de camp of Gen. -, TALLAHASSEE

veins and arteries of all these reports ; and cannot charge; Call, Lt. Pope Hunter, Palmer, Ulmer, and a few others, DEAR SIK.-I have received letter of I lib Dec. I8J7.
the
it to any other source, than unintentional error occasioned: by hose names I do not now remember, evinced a show of firm- it affords me pleasure to answer your the 29th nIL

the sudden attack of the enemy: and! the severity the action, ness seldom witnessed. General Call, who crossed the river at me. I was near you on the bank of the questions you have a;,

together with the confusion of the battle field, which so affected} the most perilous moment, and who reached the field before the 31st, Dec. 1835, from the commencement Withlacoochec of the oQ "

on a similar occasion, even the decision! of the immortal Napoleon action was: over, together; with Gen. Clinch, then ordered the you crossed the river, for the of action tej

on the plains; of Waterloo. For, indeed, {from the intimate dead! : and wounded to be sent Omar :he river, and a curved line Jar troops, when I crossed I with purpose, and I took supporting the *,

knowledge I have of a few of the signers of the certificates, t formed< volunteers and regulars-the volunteers on the right line of the volunteers who were you engaged with my the station in

I know them to be gentlemen; of honor, and\ incapable! of giving '- regulars in the centre, completirg the line by volunteers on heard no order from you prohibiting the men from enemy '

an unfair version of any transaction that would: come under the I left; which position has been more fully explained in my river, and I am positive that you gave no such order crossing"*

their calm and deliberate View. Therefore, having previously: first report. It was in the bosom of this curved line son af- position, near you, and at the crossing place it : fro" *

given in the u-firlil. bv reuuc:-t of (:m" Call, a (detailed( rtater4l ter its completion. that the conversation of Generals. Clinch I Possible that could have given IIP? was ammot] ,
..,, you order in_ ctiK., .,
.
... ... n -
? ? ; mi.I Cull took \I
the A. '\.I)" nn.lerthe! contending parties:', nicm'unjr, pl.'icn, winch rend ted in the passage; of the as to be board by other without } h. Dl
battle hearing
of \\Hhlaccocliee my
wnrtoiu me : of that f former BOOn
p.iiticulurt the
to opposite side, and the latter assnmniing command the Indians retreated who made their

engagement I as the reports afrm'saiel'ould attempt to explain, : of the retiring troops, which has also been more f finis l- site bank at the rcommenccment of the appearance action atv.1 on the o
induced fired y
am again: to in the
appear columns, of a paper; :an; set 'forth in said first But Ccn. Clinchwas
attitude I my repo t. just as the river at the troops: on this side, the men commenced '
and
always deprecated despised ; to wit : :a m news paper preparing to the river the General. ordered
pas ; nv to examine sing over to support the regulars, and continued to
ajfj
Hut cross
difficulty. justice: and humanity would proclaim me ; the line awl acccrtain if it tsas: firm. I accordingly! as they could in the canoe, and when Col. Read

recreant ad l dead to every principle of I honor: were I to remain to the centre of the curved line, here I found Capt.: Dranc bank of the river, and called to you saying come came to ,the
silent on an occasion like this, while such a flood of ; on'c'ODr.J.i-
erroneous :stationed with hi
; company at open order, firm on his ground, or we are all lost, the canoe wa* then about half across" ."
matter flows through; the columns! : of the! news-papers} I of this country as also the entire line. the[ II-
'l'hi.aH'ported to tlu General ;
by me ; ver carrying men to the opposite: so soon as it
which would attempt to fix a stain on the name (If a brave and .*, which satisfied[ them of( the safety of the army. General: down the bank of the river to get Into it for triepurpo5c"ofcr rturnedfoa r&

gallant officer, whose lame; has been long since won, where asoldier's Clinch' north %!!
immediately passed' to tilt side. I mentioned this sing when it struck the shoc.it. was immediately

should( be, at the cannon's mouth ; to wit : (;iov.( Call.' in order to show the position of Capt. Drane, who rnii't have I anxious to cross and join: in the action. I had filled: anaeu'a11

But as this community, together with the officers/! and privates' pa--cd: : th!: river in the centre of he troops unless he loft hiscompany !I you and requested you to allow me to cross with: l I'oHovtJ
of the regular command: who fought! the battle of that I ,voa,}Duty| :,
,
day, ) and could not Ihl'retII'lla\c; brought up the rear, :J r your consent, and ordered two of the men to get out and
know
with intimate 1 knowledge!= that no Ulcer on ihnt: field had! as implied. Lt. Col. Mills:; comuandcd the right and 1 necessarily !l room for you and my.-elf: and we croed over us*

a better opportunity to have in po*..esion the mo-i minute the last; man: to cro;>, he was the last! man who crossed I havc above stated. There were no other: mentis tojretheri.r I

particular of all the movementof that aff:air jii'inthan: nnelf.. that IIhlIt for I know 1 well provided tf
the
fict. He was the very Individual crossing the men over the river but an old Indian

Being the Adjutant General of the Comian: !; !r-i u. !lie ', and Oil I requeued' to cut awav the bridge, he attempted[ it in the f\ from the commencement to the end[ of the fight CJr\O,31t, }

horse back, (accompanied by Colonel Head 1 i\n>,\- dYn.; Head+I, presence of veiling I :; saga acsacs, l but the ave was so dull lie could :20 or -25 men could have crossed the river, with not the tnc-'" ....::

until wounded, together with )J: ill'rellliml, Aid-; i of not suCCCCI-and left it. V 11\mo1 ".
-camp I ertion. The canoe could'! carrv lron15 to 7 men otavatati

Gen. Call), during the entire engagement, even until nightclosed I IJcforc I conclude, I will answer the assertions of many, that the stream was rapid wide, the canoe had a hole in the lint.i :

around our victorious arms never leaving mv hors: and Gen. Call, gave positive orders to Col. Parish not to permit; : I which caused it almost to fill with water and it required ::.'

being the cause of every move on the field of battle., induce man to cross the river the action. Not it bj;
during being there myself every trip to keep from sinking.: The[: regular troops i;

with me to that lay before an impartial: world with confidence: together! I cannot .*ay what orders pac'd ; but I believe, solemnly, i J 2GO in number were six !hours in crossing, and it vvus fma;

confidence which! appertained! to intimate knowlcdue, ; no sung| order wa* ever gi\ f'lI. During my trip to the north ,I blc that any number of volunteers could base cross-ccimS! *

a short report of the particulars; uf)! this perverted! and unhappv; Chi* Summer, I arrived in Philadelphia a t few clays before the demisc ', minutes, wlnclr.vas about the time from the commencement E

subject, commencing from the south side of tlie river, niter Col.1'anuiug's )!. of (;1'11. Pari,;h, whom I viriled immediately( on InV. arrival, ;' the action until the close. it

command 11\llll1an: lied and formed on the ground, :,ud found' him in Ios.essiou) of Gov.: CalF answer to General I I ;! In answer to your jnfJtirin'heth r there! were not
seven
which subsequentlv: protect to be the place of attars Clinch as ;tho lilY report. I asked him particularly respecting !!! distinct pauses in tilt: firing between the regular antI
troops tit
I had my horse swam over bv one of our Indian ;guide:*, mv5ervant the contents of all. He replied, all was correct.But e''I! Indians, I say there were, at least three so distinct that wbrt

! following immediately a ralt, with *adde!;:, holsters, particularly a, to the order said to be Gen. I, :
given by Call t t each one ensued, we on the opposite side of the? river, belicv i

nun&c. ,The,ciii mart horse C.wnsjiivw'uJj.v.rvnipped. (!' ( :! '",. ,' ,, ,hehm.for; service.1, [it( lemiircd' I himself, not to permit a man to pass: the river, (he was; now soon i :' the action was: over. Col. Read communicated the fir't Ink?
I Jrw ,
tailed). for the occasion,.., Major .i.nnhle, .Major 1 U...(PJIIUMI ri''ft"; iMicther + *fill" ',1 I'I'IH''C"'rtf.ilJClllt!",...._to api"Mleforean. ..\.......\ : ,,, ..immaculate u__ God, in whose I I lifrnce( of the sufferlnir of the rctrulnr trop?. and had it 1 Lpossible ..
I' -- -
wiui myscn aim oui'-i were ('n;.i!:'i-u' m tin- of (; Call -J at that- -I\IT1 'lIt the .wllOle ,If the volunteer;
ionium: in old In c lips (:11. ; and :hat the report. i is as false: as it i i7mju -) I nave troops wci.
into the river, on which. our return pa;t:1 g4 e wa; urtde. At t this _-. liis answer to this pre..scci lorward to tliir n-iicl, when yon were nrsi nu.
; Interrogatory have and also mcd of the
time an Indian rifle was heard and the ITor Indian for my-elf I: I will the volunteers could you ; i situation of the regular troops, }both yourself and Ci.
say not | Parish
generally proclaimed.) (;el.: (.'1in+am and iuv ,: -If left immediately bility; have reached: the felt! by any po**i- ordered the men to mount their horses and cliargcacre}; ,
duringthe action there the river
J but this
being was found : !
impracticable
and
for the field. Our homes hcinir: at -eparate point! we no mode of but the : it was aEi
passage canoe.In I cloned. When!
reached it at different rnorlm.!rim;;. I imniu'.ed: : may Iii r.e and: wa conclusion I will i I the regulars returned I from the ,field and l forcer
answer a few interrogatories addresed the line in front of
on the left of'time regular; batlallion then farmed: I in line of battle to me by Gov. Call. The ex-1- i the eroding place, tanked! [ 0:1 then'-ibta!! r!
herewith
answer tail left the volunteer
at right al1;les to the ri\'I'I', fireingon the en'iuv.. I Ifll'Olllpt- plain the meanimr of the intpr'o-atnrie tint by stationed above and[ below: at ri;!itM
; addrcssd. Gen. tries with the river.
l ly) rode to the rinlit when I found my General; (J1I1 foot, his horse Clinch rode on the return march of the (; The I Indian: raiWd the wham in t fit:
; I armto Fort Drane, i covering our whole line, I\HI\ a renewal rfthe
attack .
}having been wounded in the jaw :and; himself maikcd: 'the hor.-e that was na
out a same
*
a
: was woun.I'-d in the action. He
also })r1)1)411 ()- ; lideutly expected during; the whole evening. The .
victim ot'tllC amid
emieniy; perceiving) immediately thu retire troopbt
the
tnmmand ) ; to column
frcm the which
right
formed( in two lines and Millerin much from the was opposed I jver, by the rcirnhsrity!: and firmness with which they rej,,
;; fire. owill!! !by Gen.; Call, vvlm contended the left the flank
was; to wheel Succeeded little after
: a in
to the position in1lieh it stood formed! :a aforesaid; from: the .t sun set recruiug: the river In n
induced I IInc. as; right would defeid} the wheeling line. If the '' eJ1re of the 'nemwithout !
coin- ( the Ins of
to order) it to extend' at open order, without waiting for the maud: huIIJel'I'; retired from he right flank, and the I 1! a man.:
enemy, Very
orders of the commanding Gen. The battalion hesitated then round I respectfully'
: to obevtint veiling our line, nade his attack, a* was momentlvevpected Your
I order 1 when I ( It'll.' Clinch! with t a commanding; voice, ordered I it would, I think, line been fatal; to the Gen., ; ob't Servant.

them to obev the order ol his Ai'jt. General which Call this army. W ATT B. RIMS
; was on occasion, as on all others during that campaign, i

promptly responded: too, and an attempt made to extend the evinced adeci-ion and promptness of action, which maintained
line at order but the! of which i j TALLAHA.: : 7th Dec. 1.
artillery the the
open ; command: wasprincipally to overflow, of the measure his former
'
: reputation, acquired DllAK[ Silt. I have
received[
letter
of the
5th io .ud
your ; ;<
compoed, not beinu'' drilled in that while
manoeuvre, a and under the tuition and hard service of the proceed to ;
could ; answer your several questions' relative to tbefei
not eve-cute it without much sacrifice of men cm our part. fiat commander: of the c

At this moment seeing the i impediment t, which' I believe i i. Permit me to say that age.! ;; I an the eulogist i of >' of In the! Withlacoochce, ill the order whch:: they are placed.
no man but the
; answer to first question, I that I L8.
notorious to the whole battalion rode to Col. would reply was a
Fanning and 1 award
up + attempt to ; : ample justice, and would rather add of mounted
threw my hand! up with extended finger! *, and aked him'if he laurel than erase: it from the brow of'anv our.SAMUEL a that the "Indians volunteers and; near you" when the alarm took ptacj !

did not underhand: that; meaning: to explain, thereby, a Hue at [ were coining, Yon were on the wriI
PAHKHILL |
extended I bank while I was on the log in the river Inch with
f
order-for the fire of both line* was; then *o drug, you

that I could scarcclv !b>; heard. When confusion enncd at the T.vr.i.vHAssrr. I I number of men were endeavouring to draw across the stteaI
Dec.
29th. 1837. !
; to construct a loot
attempted evolution, 1 oflll'rcllthfO battalion to liirlit! as they I (i<)V. CALL, Dr.\u Sn:,-Yours of the present date I have I Island In the river. way I for the from men from the main land to i:

were, in two lines" which} wa accordingly done. I am thus; par- I received, and have but little to add to my former communication !\ where were and sprang I the log on the bank nee:
landed
you ,
as
ticular to show that the battle was completed by the command on the 501l1, a friendly Indian Chief OJ
; + same: JI'ct. Gen. Parkhill I and myself arrived on the j of our guides the
near
the"river
as was formed.) From this spot pointed up on tIle tort
originally trroiind
rnuum'nrenirnt
our ; firedon ir.romi'1 at the
troop : of the engagement: during; which :j bank and
addressing in
I his
me native
the enemy for a considerable! time, when G'-n.! Clinch ordered I acted l as his aid. Soon after the battle commenced General told language; with I creamers
i neatness, that
|, one thc Indians
me to retire the command fifty to the in Clinch were advarcinc from t th1!
pace* rear, order to dismounted and ordered his troops to obey the order. in
bring: the! Indian* into the field if po-ible..! It of his quarter great numbers. You enquired of me what he sae '
:
open} was l'L'cutl'd Adjutant! General, ((;cm. Parkhill). Who, after that order and informed
on being
&
Immediately !J
the regulars: running to the point di;"i nated ; yon give orders w
by myself was actively engaged during the whole battle encouragingthe ;' the line extending the river tor the of t
receiving
for the formation of line, this; wa* the time .Major Stewart I to advance: the Gen. Parkhill ; up purpose
troops : on rneuty. tained At this time had
enemy. uo gun been fired from the
presumed the regulars were running! mentioned by him in :i I the C'ollllllalllllliltil yon appeared on the ground ; and there i is side of the river, and the opinion that the enemy oppo on i 8
letter of his soon after the return of the volunteer was
but these! I no doubt) but that every general order that was given, sllccl'ec1-1 I north bank of the river
was: strengthened h.the fact that B '
brave men ran to form again for action. From this second1! !
: ing Gen.; Clinch's' (to obey Adjutant General) and prl'ceed-I self and others under the command of Col. had thatmor
position we returned a constant fire on the as; also the ing the field Bails
enemy
; your appearance: 011 originated with Gen. Park- visited Indian
ing an town about mile above which bl
Indians on us when it was son discovered one ,
,
we fire
might
forever hill.! I him the
was near throughout engagement, and did not been
just abandoned by a large number of Indians and it II
on them without the effect desired. ,
producing Our I
"
line hear him receive an order from Gen Clinch ; and I believe known
not whether
suffering much from its exposed situation and every the Indians had crossed over, or were su1
a concealed considered Gen. Parkhill
enemy person as the officer in command.. in the dense
the charge, for the first time, from the second positionwas The regular fought in double file swamp of the river on the north side. While 10;
troops the
throughout engagement the line
ordered. Capt. Graham were forming to receive the enemy on the north td
now G.
Major
was: ordered tocharge and were much crowded and with
; tne exception of the Indians
from the left were discovered on the side abovethecn'
the hammock in his front opposite
: which was gal- tVO companies, remained in within
ground
open blank
point
sing place. Orders
t&o
lantly performed his suffering much from were immediately given to dislodge
company the charge, shot of the hammock, where the Indians
conecnled.-
the balance of the line Jet fireing. Instantly it disl'oH'rl'the There were In a few seconds they opened a fire upon us across the rntr,
was: were two or more distinct in the
pauses firing, so distinct which the
Indians were attempting to surround the was commencement cf the action. The fo ns
regulars, by out that a at distance
a
person : might have considered 1
the battle
flanking them the promptly returned by the volunteers and the Indians fled tom
on right and cut them off from the river. At I 0\ cr. After thc had retired ,
this time, as already mentioned troops to a new position, in their position. Immediately after this fire JJesrd
by :Major Lytle Capt. Mellon order to rover the retirement of the wounded the a heavy was
Indians advanced in
the
and Maitland direction of the vtld
chargthe scrub the regular troops on the side
on right at right angles to near the river raised their opposte
,
the remaining this also war-hoop in our front, and I Lieut. Cuthbert (now Col. Cuthbert Fisher and Ca '
was performed, silencing the enemy believe a renewal of the action ) Capt. ,
was
and preventing his attempted manoeuvre. At this mo I Clinch recrossed the river about 4 o'clock momentarily expected; Gen. Ulmer of the Middle Florida volunteers, called to me to en"

leaving you in com- over with them and support the regular troops, I was in comTO -



of a detachment of men, which I could
not at that
ring the whole
mo-jr j I afternoon
the Indians
fflC0t leave, I told them to cross immediately and that I were whooping : minutes
1 would after
of the line and | the
| a renewal of the attack engagement had
them. Tho was commenced on the
,
liD e gentleman
( immediately got in the canoe |I pected. every side, you orders opposite
|I
the gave for
[ During action the
'
which leaked !so badly that they with I two or three }puises in troops to pass over, and the order -
great difficulty succ'..'e41diatrac1Iing ; \"
: as
ensued, each one of( which was distinct conveyed by myself to the late Col.
the so tint Parish
opposite hank. At this time it we on and it was
discoid i
was bank ef obeyed the
the by
river
that there were number ; who could. not sec the btle: volunteers crossing over as fast as
a volunteers on the ether side the ground, a small Indian they could in
I had swam over, and unable fight was over. canoe, the only] means of crossing at that
,j ( being to carry their arms m1l1alluuition 1 It was about this time time,

:;! with them, they were then in a perfectly defenccL Very respectfully, to mount and that I heard yon give orders for the troops

? situation. An effort was made immediately to Your ob't Servajt.3IICHAEIi charge the river, this order was given more than
supply them once and
r
jjd; )Ir. Belford Ewing, Michael Led ith and myself got a I.1-D\\: succeeded was in obeyed by some of the volunteers, a few of which

pft made of three small logs which had been used (for( the I You ask crossing.

,a J,(use of floating over the saddle] and saddle( bags of some ofihr : hereby ( I.'rti\'that I was a Lieut in (alt. could have me to state what number of men in my opinion

l n, and with great difficulty and at the hazard of our lives I j pany of the Florida volunteer in the b.ittle oi the \\' ) would admit crossed during the action. The means afforded

....rcl'.clc'c( ) after some time in earning our anus' and: .1ll1ll1l1ni'n ee.that That the troops arrived at the river ahiut day I been of but very few, the difficulty of crossing must have

'as part: of which Ova1 0 lost i in the attempt !soon after tIle regular<< troops cotnnlen,e(1crosinr: in the apparent to all who were there, the process of crossing in

]reply to your question whether, you gave an order noe, and continued to cross: until about! oie: o'clocks this canoe I mentioned above was very dilitory, and your seeing
prohijjj all
the men li'oll1l'1'o.i'sing'' and jninmir in the I I were over, and! the volunteers: commeiccd: crossing ; I presume was the cause of the order given for the \"olunI -
fipht
teers
nu
rrthat' :: I heard no such order, and if one: bad been I i camc: manner.: / I was one of the fir>t <>f them that got I been mount and charge the river." But sir, could it have
given
have: heard it 1 ; ;ind xv hen a :"malllllllnl'l'j' of them hal I landed expected for five hundred volunteers have
to
:*;:: as was near the on the crossed over
you greater )part of thejj3" bank:> the alarm in I one hour, when it took
: the
was jiiven that, the
until Gen. Head ( liiluns{ regular
came tn the opposite bank of the weiv liege troops (numbering he-
rierjjtfvullol about
:! to you to "eoinc' o\cr, or they all lo was before a :"tin had been fired, but wn' soon allerthe two hundred) from sunrise until nearly one o'clock
Were -t-o fir: to cross the
all ; shewed
{: ,'ing ,iu'li O1'IC1'\' them-elves above and ; same stream, the means
lr.lnl I
all commenced
( en while) l firm provided being the same.
yon won- lor ;; Sir it
preparing
; river the- affords
at volunteers}
omd ball the me a pleasure
on; north : to be able
every reason! to c.xpectan attack the bniJThe fire was to answer seve
on north
bank ral your
Ul'rir r, I heard. of ed, and( the J ueliau.H'rc: silenced at that imiuimvs: uhldi I can do without
fi'l'IIUI'JHhordpl' Jlllt 'iml11 he
you : :and the point, transaction any itallc'y. The
encourage men) 1 )ly : being a.; fresh
Irns, : ; commenced: the attack the In mtlllS as II
over to :Mipport iho-e whot're on regulars.: : : 1 was: nry it nan only occur-
engaged on the f field where early red [the [past: week. And it is
oppo- the
of
.j1I --ide.( So volunteers ; a matter much
were ) and
:moll a* you were informed( I IV Jen.; Read pu.lalul'1 had as irood! surprise
illion of tin : of the portunity of observiny! what astonishment: to me that any volunteer should have
(! regnl.tr: troopboth. passi-d:, : +l is ai\: one. I ; been under
yourself and Cp'). Pari-h Clinch saw ] the impression; that he
ordered distinctly;; / and knew wastrdl allowed
that
to
.nptly! ( the heva cross over and
foot parti-
men to mount/ their hone on and to ;
and cipate in the
charge of recollection; battle, when,
TO-die ri\t'J'. mv he'lid your sole
But this. was found utterly not unnmilthihoar until the and purpose appeared to me,

1110.. ::111:1111111I11',1 n :n......... ... rl'I.. .. 1..1. h. ,_ impossible. and/; 1 was over, nllrulc mounted :and! fOl!}:' him, down must have appeared so to all who then saw you, to allow

.:,ill1.. lit.: U.Ili1 "a :'0 IU"'lpitaH' tlmt a Itor.;;-' ..{- \\. .1.1, .. ... .'It.. "... I:.." .. .. 1. __.__. 1'.0 to the object. HespectfiJlly
> : :: ;a would UIIU04" ltJrilll'H II\' tHe ill yours,
lev.teps pluuire into : troop. t 'ollt of the

rrv;' liiinejf, ) and rider :)lImo-1 under: wetting swimming the sl'atcran(1. ) sinir place, the regulars in the centre and th' volunteers] ; TinflT.. IT. :AT.DAVIDSON".

.. ; ; :!' r Ki cio',ed) yoir-e'f! in th' ; while amis! ail! :am.am'iu. ri"Ilttad: : I left.+ llanked: l by the river aiove, and below. 'I --
-iioe the
,
II..' iroiiiir: on :and,, I recollect fiyht' diately after tin.* line was: formed! I the I Indians, advanced QVIXCY FLO.
meeting: yon near: ; the! Jie; ; of the'rtun'1 ; ( This is i to that I
a in certify
front
; ; ; ; (! \ volunteer: when you oitlrrrdnf' whoojt ot'thc troop;, and, fnm, the sound ) ;1 Archibold Campbell of the county

,iw.-iv l : ; i'!' ;.. /"u: and I turin a lineal to proceed with I cover our whole !line. Some time after: : this; Gen. :; and Territory of Florida was 2nd Lieut in Capt.
ripht eit'c 1
; witli: arri.
': th ,, : > the river tro-sed to the north side of the -Jlls company of Gadsdcn' volunteers that I
I n.\ river ,
eros jncpj-ic: <', jo jm'xcnt the Indians from .eavinir (;1'11. Call ; was at the

tir! r. ::11' "I( 'irT: I ('2u.irs.]:, This done in getting!! in mand: of the troops on the -outh silly, v.h'Mi he on the Withlacoochee) on the 31st December 1835
via )
:
> :
:+D.J.t; .. :., ::a I, :.:!ilrlt; by" (iej. Cline'i eonseouenc"! of the command until: he lead the troopaero: -- the liver the north bank of the river, that volunteers continued to
lnta< ii \1aj.) I4V11! a ,
: '
( during the
\JO nude
'.. 'r: i I. "t'I,'!i, ,'iiun to you: in : when still down. I Durinir: the! v.hob! afteriioo.i the Indians:: ciijrnjreincnt with as much expedition as the
'
inn
pre-euc afforded
: '". Aiti you met Maj.: whoopiiiii: in front of the line would allow, that I heard order for
.1/' / r _:: n ill::: tli:::*; order. x /III contineed! and a n'lu'\\llll1' the no the men
on immediately! to ::11, iir. "' ''.mi of 1 the, ii in', formed; ]by' ih' regular every niojuejit;; eipiu-ted., The- detachment of \' (' be sole object of Gen. Call appeared to

1'1'\ ] l It 'I k : troop, soon I \\ hii'll I belonged! brought to get the volunteers across the river to
:i !t.;( nthc ;: the rcar.tutl I participate in the
posjildii of up; v.ere the
'
required me. the: ilrinir: ) :;\ ill:_r cro-s) the: river. : :'!!!a: ''('lI1ell t.
>< / "-nlrly.;, the re.'tllni'trot+ps f;11 !llc'\>:: aud l f formed 1'1 11"1'1' about I -JO in number! :and I ju : '-

;LU' : aline' we'l finisheil! < ro, inir the, A. U. CAIPBELJ:
;)' r\er: in front : Indi.inrulicd:
411ftm'e dnwn
,
!'n -:oij'' :' ]1'L\f'! :-, th'-ir! ri "ht :flank!: -c\eral to the: river m :1 Dec- IJtli: I 1837.

:j 'MM!! tie' !!(' (yolunieiTs] unsl'r':] uu! yens! : 4.r1 fired/ which must ]//1': been heard 2d Lieut.
l't1n111aiu44iic1I
> tfie! :-\er.! and the Jeft. ; etr \- \dlll! }"' :11"1I1lI1o of IIII' volunteeis{ o.illie!, southide:
r--tidc' of !
!= < !J :a siu:2ar! : line abovt ( : t 1 i
!h''wa-: err Jbuuiit uith:!! 11'at' ; hrau'rIII'in. QJ-IXCY Icc.10 1 '37.
Citmindei1; ; ( Jiy, (. 411. \Varn'n. ; : tl/l'/ action, and! the (

Th,' '. .I..j".u.. .... l fore would! have,; Territory of Florida
"( .1.:1: :. .". 1. ( I" participated: : in the faht had )
{ -- ;- fl.' U"H. \.lIJ1\1 \\IJY JII( wIJu111l"1':, did .tlr;.. tlll'I".... ... t... .. I.,... .. ..... 1.1 : ,. it been po: Cnllr h. ./ ft........, /
; !I' join in 1'1\1'
/ lb<' llzlii Iliit 1II'Il'; .H..J )
: J 'Pf
: namely that I ( 1:0: I I Richard
:.iv.i/, t frf :u i doiuu:!" :; your or< lion a positive ;knowle except : canoe, and Harrisons
1 l- the! Capt.
.:e .>:\ (f'!: eoi'ilticton/ that d.iy, ad:: the
'>: "'1'. I Know I lo !In-, "'\tn'JiIl'l'ITOlIc'nn.) cro<*;inj! more tll:11t: : !.D or ::30 men could!+ 111a\r nO -c(1. A < to > campaign against the Seminole Indians under Gen. U. K.
( -, and the s\4
main: rca- and] and( was at the
n. .ui NIC which ; ; ivcr carrying; their! arms; and engagement on \Vithlacoochcc on the
cannot t uc) denied ammunition without
by : candid!: } :
.I./J();. -\.1' : .!,' utuT : = any ( man tin n I them xvet and unlit !for, I : l H December 1 S3 J, that prior to the I '
;;flit!
1tUl.u..i ni .. -eivjee v" engagement was ruid -
iTfi'-iij; tie! rttt In. tuvlnrrd from
> :: iiii till''tJ j y -- ..... ...s / tI"fi'I:: back
inaoe: oiiruitr to tho '
,i-'t\id+Ml. ThcrSvcr t : Lie / f bcig : umU tin- "
fl:1" agc :
wa ;: *
+fii-.uis:: pM\id"d: : !( .1 forcrov-in; : was ::n oI.t! Indian): t fipht! there was; two or three tiatnrt!; ; I'all': : of U. S. A-rnij. for i mvlsnns, that on my return to tile
: canoe, and! t the Brit u i .
( :: (li tinct 1r.j commenced
so that 'J" had
'tit !Iji'-t of im r< oJccjioji! and, I lrlit'fiithe ( a person; at a distance, would! : I ; when I rode up with the
:i conmenceuifnt) I thought from te! .N r receiver! orri /._... .. prn-
sileuee
-ii! f'1''. tb'lidlt i : ; : : that the! lielt: was over, thoucrh it = cio. c-u ..., with the
uiijjo-i cvriion not more than i j jiinq each! time,: lenexved. i i ere dirocted to others, "throw down
: .;n(J !t..: 'I (111111 !hau' 1x08,4'41.,! Tip-p( ::!(uhsrs): ; !fought; /:: in double file / i and barer the your baggage lot brace
crowiled: river" he
;I' t t' i.1;:d! : ;; over and: ; iajid. were rime toirethfr! in (oen{ gl OIl.ld \\ !bile tIle ( : volunteers was at the same time encourage-
currunu- r ::mnnnition r.ere confjaled! to over fat,
; in the !hammuck.! pass as ; as possible. I did make
i; '_" : .t,i- :.he! :.i v.vt the
iat; \\: s found, in())racticabe! by but failed; to reach the
1 .. i re- JON) ATI AX In LIJ : !'omhlnnli owing to the swift-
'r.! .i'-ila.-
: proven bvtJji* 'fw;; tit:: at the commenceu ': ,ui.:' tinlti there] unruanaireabieuess! of my horse, the
were ;5Q I '
near inea MI the south bide of We ws: kept coii-cntly) !
hereby rrl'llf'that occupier the
we w :' by volunteers) in
I'rl',1''lIItl'I'o'
,'. :
t n. \:0:( !::id Ill Capt. crus-
hwain over leayintbrr: ;: ::runs beud! : } then:. : of FJor'drt; :: :;: ( I do further state that I
:'ri.vi i : i .>\ 4.t'1'('. and! unfit: i for-rrvicc. company : volunteer-, at the battle of the 1'i ,i \'. Call knew no order gave by
ee iit! when, the action:: commenced or any officer for the men not to crops
L1urn', \\T at the over.
\ :: : o tiie( :iq5rV ,2wtIJ'J' it camp
was not considered
du- di
-tal1f'e in the '
"' rear, we hastened! to the river R. C. COFFEE.
''m:: \ s .1!" 3iy! thai] the Indiui: ;; would],! mo-t probabK, make! proached tin ( and! as ''
;;
where
place the
' '.. '''I i : ;!:,r iiit'it Hatow',1; >; the JIrh b! I 11111crc', stationed: : \\e 1
on : 111!. of
r f :+ ihe ri\ ('1'. J! ( :leu.: Call distinctly!i order the QnxcDec..
bolt '.t .',! 'n'-|b| v.a- :r.ib! lief; ; and: 1 !ku,\I it to men to mount their hor-e-: ; 12th, 1837.
arc been' harsr '
< : aerothe
'. I ;: ; river for tlJl' Territory of
: ,
;t 1""'t'u, ,,11\1'1'-,1,1': 'wi'ntht':: wounded cmw; to the Innk of "I... "....,...." ...._.. .. .1.1 J111iJlo-e. of -n 1I1|>jmrtinr, the Florida 7
"L.,." .....1 :. I .IIJ -- 11:: <1:1'11: 011 lJlf' IIpl'n JtI' jd,'. COU ll\' of1.I", ,, (
.11I1i ,. .. -'YI/IY: / 111'IiiI' u '-' -"u n. H.
II (' to l11fll1rt : -w' )
111"11I tIle J do
J..UJM.- ? to uorth t-jdl'
I obedience- that
."',:. Grihai( : :: at first refused t ..... | tliiorder! plunir' : %d I into ttream! for the : I jicn-liy certny 1 wa a volunteer from (.jarl>flen
<) siatinjr that I and
TO if !
they( did r: of crsin but ( belonged! to
-
it Capt
j ]JHI !r, w.ss found imprartjeable! Troops; of
\ Wuilli! lie and! company mounted
+ I
-called that fj id .
on I ( 1 tuM:! blHi there 44:1:*s :J were I I able to ero-", and weh 1 very II II teer.; and was in the battle of the 1\tlllacllochcf'
-: body{ ] of men on) that.11': o1'tli(* river v.luch would HOIK <' lr4 (' without! ircttinir ) ' JSJo (' on the 31st

f it-ui :and 1'IIj'J't.d+:i; the si-rviceof pro-p anus and ammuunition, : 4: 1'1. Duriii2) te!: whole! afternoon: that J was ell aged in crossing! the horses at
eo'iriiaiid I : uiJidJ'a ::;{' IIft)11')
tny I attack
;( I listli'Uis
oil) I : were whoopinir) near the lie passing! from the: omh to the
ouli 1'iI.l-!. ( Ol. \\arreji : on the son!! side northern:
was .i IJr enl! :'i :ontrthe: ] wounded.) ': river wl of the river, that after
:! an attack) soon arming
; wascon-t.'uitlv: < We .f > on the bank of
ri \pecfd.; : the
I iLr::: 11J1'll1a1') ); that: rt';:,:1r1. obrerved: he would lie-ird 1 heard
ill !ir' : then crop I i itime ant! order (from (Gen.:; (Cull' dire.-tiny th' repeatcd orders from iov.; Call fir volunteers
t wounded: soon aJier : men: cot to : : to
cojiuiu'nced crossing. Xor I over( and the of
:
have means
}
we h'-ard :
ever any one say that! Mich an order : ; crossing beincr; so dilatory, Gov.

Very rojH-clfully] heard by 'him. Duriuir th- flit: taro or three+ distinct gave orders in these words as well as I recollect! "mvbra\e

Your I'c. so di-t tinrt: that we on the north many and I did(with a
.. : P. HLT ''J'1Jt.: thought ; j I ;;gin the opposite' ;; !bank of the( river.
!h
(tate that

I 1 R.: II. I I : not to cross over, neither
hear
I I1 ever single! individual he
say was
11'11,1,1:111 prevented /from
Hi- l TA.I.IHANMI! : : Dec. 10 1S.57. : I if aero<,; by the order of any officer, and I do further state
H.
Kxc.-lleney 1C. Call. i the volunteers continued:

llru; $n-: Your letter of (he ell\ nri FM Dec.), Ush: ;., to.cro.s; over during the engage
!) ;2''Lh! ult. has been received i Giv.; C'vj.J. :as fast; as the means afforded/
Sill would
I have allow
Iii reply to thf several :- : the honor! to acknowledge+ : the and! that Gov.
queries' therein
: contained object
/ must say ('('ipttfualrlcu1'rnf, appeared tome, and( must hate
Jailv.as i the! .JOlh) 0I'tb lag : appeared so all
; on tiie banks of the Whhl.'icooehee '!I + month. In! to
river saw; him be
during the! to
"clc:: of the : : u'jence<< of toy a"-I'in'troll; home liar; la-t to yet the men across the river to
:"til"was 33 st. December, I 1835, and during the, time of the! j i I have been prevented' froaian-wcrini te' :it : t ten or twelve ( in the battle. .. partici-

near) you and ; sooner.
:
can
*iejrd assert; iio-t: -itixely that I nev-1 Sir, it is i a matter of-urjiri-e and! istoni hnient JOHX G. BOBBS.
>
\ 011'I'. any orders prohibiting! the to me
:. men from crossj.nr be
)! i noel tlLotlwr who
ptVer. In fact;, no siirh, order I I : waat Withlacoorhee: on the
".r r.._, could !'In: been L:in.;) bv". you II I I j December I 1S.35, that: an attempt! should! be made ( t'IXCDec.. 13th 1837.

IiCJl orcJcr lweI IJ( rll UO11I' 1 S1tntiU' rnmt c'Ttiuly ;. .\lIlI.... n "I."t,1... .. .I...., ........_ .._.1___ .. .. ... .. to )prove_ Territory of Florida
l-Id:: it, When the nt't I'" H. .\"UI "n"'r iJIlY 411 U.eOlulltl'crs. 1- 1 )
1'11:11
engagement: ; : fir-t commencj-d, I sa\v the. the Chll1tv
!ses; river durintr the of Gad dplL
battle.
*&!:-crossinjj tile river ; :; Early:: on the' Illoruil1, of( the "
with I : n---u..J
in it iftr io
UK-JI! : thi< attention J| ( hereby ccrtily, that i
my a ; was the
J disposition! was manifested) by nnny of tl.e volunteers] at : battle ot the \> itlna-
iaoreparticul-irlvengjJired! with! the raft to i i the :
which I 'Hst of
on
over December
was turn to their 1100) 1835
J" s"iiis: "ant.; WyattsliagirH. ; (:.-, their time of 'n'icl'( l l-einir,! about: to !' that early on the
; : : About !1S: minutes after \ I Ova*; ill
the with
Nonhad .And I remember/ well i to have heard a.ldreto I ;; company: Richard C. Coffee and others
commenced! Gen. Read beiny wounded: early in the tint your ; tho-e back to the of the night ,
: occasion, urging! and+1 ; camp previous for provisions that
pon, canie down to the banks] of the river ven) coiiin.amrng) ( : them to rl'ua i ,
-md called our return to the
: to few I lay lonirer I am1the battle had
I' "rornen you ( ; IIIen'lp.. Tin-I I, commenced, and the
waprior to the 1
r all ('n,
tir lluj irrrc o.'I. You then a. on this side of the
immediately: ment :and: before the j Withlacoochee were
regular bad busily
J'-ve orders to the men, to mount their horses, and troops rnnlplrted' cro l in crossing in enga
swim tIC: the
?, which/ ri- and! all of \ohinteers; with the : a canoe, means of crossing being
of
( was found to be exception some: ten I heard very
impracticable, except b>' a few dozen Gen. Call give orders for
men the
1 1igut their were pacing' : over the! river or preparing; to do men to mount and
arms and ammunition wet in cros-sini so at :!! the river that
: I then time the attack) I heard Gov. Call and the
mss!{'d the river 44 aJI: ) IIII., awl( a lew' had, already officers under
: the crossed.; [
on raft
and
: carried with giving orders and
|*s in IJI( a number! of i information: of the approach J of the !Indians and encouraging the men to cross. That I
their
with : : /ire:
company Lieut. Hunter \\ : order
Pope and! : no
"J.'re not than E-.tinjr. 1 me almost simultaneous! : and it was dir-rted at the given to any one not to cross, and that the sole
more 20 25 troop* of Gov.
or could have Call
men
crossed: in the the appeared to be
northern! bank me to to
Q'It, from the of th !'ivcr, this afterwards be get the men over
commencement to the end] of the f' proved to m to in
) !:bt. Du- lv a (feiut, and:! as soon :as it was a a-certa'iicd; which was a participate the battle.

JAMES M. WILSOX.JI13l1d .



Dec. 25th, 163?. was given by yon, I obeyed it accordingly ; indeed, the necessity I mock, and scrub, within point blank shot of them, and .
for such an order would be apparent to any military man, when he from this cause.that they suffered so severely Wa "11.!
GEN. R. K. CALL, DEAR SIR :-It is with reluctance thatI saw the sentinels running in, in open day, with the cry of the on fool, when arrived on the field, and was be not in not that Gen r 4
say any thing relating to the controversy between you and enemy i is comin, which was the case here. In fact, it was the during the greater part of the fight Did he not afterward sit i ?**
Gen. Clinch : being called on however by both, I feel myself general opinionthat the main fight would be on the north side.- same horse back to Fort Drane, which he rode at the
bound to do so. This alarm however, soon proved to be a party of Indians in a of t the fight? Please state what were the difficulties comment C"**"
Of the skirmish on the Withlacoochee, of the 31 st Dec. 1835, bend of the rive, partially in our rear, but on the opposite bank.- sing; the river, and whether in your opinion any number of CI.
So soon as this was discovered, which was in a few minutes, the could have crossed in the canoe, between the e
which seems to form the basis of your dispute, I wrote soon commcncirn..
"
crossing re-conmcnccd, and continued until the retreat was ordered. end of the fight? t1f
after it had taken place, while all the facts were fresh in my
I I saw disposition m or else Please whether Gen.
you any one to prevent any say Clinch did not recroas: the
of the
vindication jjt
recollection :a full account of that affair, in -
,
man from crossing the river; but to the"contrary, like every one on in the evening b'l the Indians were whooping in front T"
volunteers upon that occasion, against a most wanton attack the used effort to of and leave in offK, ,
ground, every perfect a speedy crossing me command of the troops on the south aider i<
made upon them by the Washington Globe, predicated upon the troops. whether they were not conducted across by me, and under ta
illiberal and untrue remarks contained in the official report of It Gen. Cliich and his friends wishes to rest the blame of this: reclron, late in the evening m' -
Gen. Clinch. It was believed at that time that you had some defeat on the volunteers\ because they did not all cross during the At the Battle of the Withlacoochee, on the 31st Dec.
agency in this report, and was in part responsible as the corn- skirmish, why did he not hod! his Mound and pursue his "victory was one of your Aids, and on that day, I had crossed to the tau.
mamlcr-in-chii'f; facts, however, since admitted by all, shew : when it was announced to him by my order, about the time tho fir- side, of the river in a canoe, with some of the regular troops. Iat\:
ceased ihct:: I lad completed the bridge, which the whole When the action commenced I
the contrary, and furthermore, that Gen. Clinch was the com- ing upon was engaged in assistia* C..
mandcr-in-chicf, and therefore, responsible for all the blame attached of the volunteers/ could pass over in a few minutes to his assistance Clinch Col.: Parkhill, and several others, officers, and priesrolling
to that unmilitarlilic affair.: in the place of flying to the north side amidst the yells of the lugs into river, for the construction of a bridge, for tfo1 '
savages, though undercover of the mounted riflemen, exclaimingas sage of the volunteers, when the alarm was! given I seized p.."
themselves
credit
Gen. Clinch and his friends to OT
are takingmuch he passed, seeing th; security which the line I had the command. tots\ nnd with others of the party hastened towards the !>"
by endeavoring to impress upon the public that this ; of, gave to the re-crossng of his regulars. "Sir, you have saved tion, I was on foot, and on my way found myself company scene tf*,'
was a "hard fought battle, a brilliant victory" &c. Now, I my army ;" alluding! to the bridge upon which his regulars were. :Mr. Keenan a volunteer from GacUden county. R..*
whether this impression is attempted through a total i ignorance then crossing. This eipres,.ion was from a generous impulse of I We were fired upon by the Indians, before wo clenred tjjjjj.
practical warfare, or with a view to cover tlc culpable errors I the moment, coming; no doubt, from a heart, freed at that moment I mock, and soon after emerging from if, we saw the India I
-",.1 .?:.....?.....,,...,..ilL uftiiv. vuiiiinancler-in-chicf is a matter of Irons party: shackles. its margin, and engaged with the regulars, v.hoVere form:
no moment to me. I say without the fear of contradiction, thatit I have asked the qucstbn why did not Gen. Clinch pursue his open ground, and were firing by companies this momejf ,r
was a most complete victory on the part of the Indians, gained victory," since all the vjlunteers could have been immediatelyover again received the fire of some Indians, and my companion) ,-
by the had management on our part, and who did not numbermore to his as"istaoce.! I will answer for him. He had exhaustedall nan was wounded in the shoulder, I pushed forward to the 1e4fr
than two-thirds of om forces. his ammunition in skirmish, and had actually sent an express of the regulars, where I found a few volunteers, formed iaop at.
Gen. Clinch was entrusted at a very early period with the entire for more, and then was not more than oie ration to a man der, and engaged in the fight.! The regulars; were formed I\ea.
command and management of all the Military, operations, necessaryto then in camp ; thus exhausting! in haT a day all the supplies of his Infantry, and although the command was given, and exertion
remove/ the Seminole Indians-was. stationed in the country with whole army, in contesting with a few hundred Indians the cross- .. made to extend by flank, and take open order, it was not ear:
his forces upwards of a year before the period fixed] for their removal, ing of a small stream, not more than forty miles from his own head on the flank, during the action. It cannot be doubted that Et
and yet permittelhostiliti's) to commence-the whole Alachua country quarters. of the execution done by the fin of the enemy, wri.4: the eq'lence !
to be laid in ashes, (save his, own plantation and that of his. bro The ;great!: : number of Icguals! that were wounded in this skirmish of the close order, in which the troops were<< formed, ...
tlJ'rinIawand) the (people driven into forts, before a gun had been is plead by tinny as an evidence of the "hard fought battle, I their exposed situation. 1 thought: then awl l s'illthitk. that t fort
fired by his forces, although stationed in tho very neighborhood .and gallant victor!/." This is ea-ily explained. Thoregnhrs were tecting; ihe passage of the river, the regulars' had been judieio.
presence of the savages: and it was not until you, with the Florida posted in an open space; in close order, surrounded by a dense ;ly posted by Col. Fanning: but too much cannot be :;;1/Ii1: eonm
volunteers, had killed or driven every hostile Indian within bK boundary scrub, in which (the Indians were secreted behind trees, &c., andit ation oflhe bravery displayed during: the action by both regularsvolunteers
and relieved the suffering inhabitants, ihoiiirh but temporally was a bad marksman among them in this situation! that did not officers and privates. I,
that he assumed the command and f for tin first time, brought his regular hit his man. Had the regulars taken post in the scrub, nnd in open 1 did not witness the meeting between you and Gen. Clinch, J
forces actively in the field. General C. alledges thc insufficiency order, as i is now the custom, they would have done much more execution cannot say whether he was then on foot or on horseback-abet)
of his forces; It is a fact well known, that when hostilities ; whilst no doubt not more than one tenth of tho same joined the troop, he was on horseback, and thus continued It
commenced that but a small portion of the nation were for war, that.luring number would have been wounded.In the staggering of \liis wounded horse, compelled him to dismoir
( the whole of these depredations upon the white settlers! there conclusion I have to say that I have the highest regard I did not again bee him on hciseback and believe that he remiit
were not more than from 10 to 20( hostile Indian embodied at anyOne for the conduct of the regulars upon that occasion, both officers on foot during the remainder of the action I do not remember ri
time outside of their boundary. Gen. Clinch's forces, accordingto ; and man displaced a degree of bravery that done honor to the horse he rode next day. Of the difficulty of crossing troops,fa
the report of the Secretary of War, consisted i of fourteen companies I American arms. As to Gen. Clinch I have no doubt! ol his bravery the north to the south side of the river, during the-action. l
but according to his own admission, to only about -l.jj( men in or of his personal integrity as a man, but as a military comman- competent to give an opinion than those who were on the rpm
all; one hundred of which were sufficient at any time, to have severely der, I have always believed from facts that have come under my the time. I know however that the bridge had not been buih-ff:
chastised any body of Indians committing ravages previous to the immediate observation, th.it he is highly censurable for his conduct the canoe in which the regulars crossed was in a very dcldpidat
fight of the ,rithlacoo chee. in Seminole: war, in the place of the great praise which he is state: with a large hole in the bow stuffed with mos: and coca
Gen. Clinch alledges again, as a reason for not moving sooner endeavoring to take to himself through his friends. And I am not with piece of raw hide, which during the crossing was rubbed
thai\ he was waiting for a concentration of his forces ; but it must be .. one of those who will sit still arid truckle to the dictation of military and rendered the canoe nearly useless. I have also been infura
said in answer to this, that if he deemed it safe and prudent for Maj. demagogues, who would be heroes and quietly bee) this censure of other causes, interposing to prevent the crossing of the rifer j
Dude to march through: the heart of the Indian nation, with 116 men, placed upon the volunteers, as has been tho endeavors of General ring: the fight, but on this subject you will doubtless receive w
lie certainly could not deem it unsafe for himself to take the field with Clinch and his friends to do ever since the aflair: took place, munications from officers who can speak from personal kno' efy
__ ......
r e. i- nnre
,
three hundred regulars against"0 Indians] in his OWII vjcinity.Vii1i ; doubtless, with a view to cover his own culpable conduct. W b-- -"..Pf. thus .n. i nOJl hicrossed
\ -11 tl.3 im.iiiianagfinent in thc.commenceincnt, however, had J\L'S l l'| "'l&u"J .. .- .. the river din rig the action : for alter the battle and on.
Gen. Clinch provided himself in liu-expedition to the Withlac""rhCp> WM. WYATT. return from the hammock from which we had driven the enemy <
with a proper supply of provisions, ammunition. n'l"ernents for saw several volunteers: with their clothes wet from head to fa1.
jiinnpprir.jf. built n hriri/jc ,iw' .1.... w'w-._, .t-Vw'Vi was practicable and whose arms were rendered useless during the passage oft
as was proven by the fact of ono having been built even after river, which had been effected by swimming their hor es. Oftk-
the action had commenced he might have had all his forces safely TALLAHASSEE Dec. 12th 1837. who must have crossed during she fight, was a party cnmrouJ-
across the river early in the day of the 31st, and in a few days, no His Excellency R. K. Call, by Col. W. Hailer, whom I encountered formed in line, at iiI
doubt could have put an end to the WIf. and thereby have saved SIR.-In answer to the inquiries that hive been made me, touching anles with the river, about sixty yards above the crossing: plus
hundreds of lives, and the millions of dollars it has cost ; but in the the occurrences at the battle of the Withlacoochee, I have to In the evening there was a discussion between Gen. Clinch!
place of this, lo: went ofi'as the old saying is, from Fort Drane state that I was on the north bank of the river when the fight com- yourself, as In the manner of withdrawing the troops and rccwmg -
" half{ cocked." When he arrived at the river, he attempted to cross menced. The army reached the river about break of day, and the the river. G t:1I. Clinch yielded the point and your plat"
his whole army in a small rotten Indian canoe And when: his commenced in that executed. lie recrosscd the river I think, about half an bonri.
regulars crossing a canoe was brought over
vance was attacked, and brought into the usual skirmishing, ad-I from the opposite side of the river. The canoe was capable of taking fore sunset ; leaving you to bring ofT the troops. The In&
commonly happens to an army crossing a alter course in I'rest-neo eight men over the stream, and one or two were required to were ever and anon whouping in the vicinity, from the tKnairaa: ,
of an enemy, it was that he saw his t. oops in the greatest confusion brio:: it back. l>y this tardy mode of crossing, it took the regularsuntil of tin battle until dark.
from tho nature of his unmilitary like plan of crossing ; and twelve or one o'cleck to cross. Shortly after they, and a few In conclusion, I cannot suppress the: expression of my deg;'
but few of the mounted men over, and the impossibility of the balance of the volunteers, had gotlen over, the alarm was given that the gret, that a hostile feeling +hi>'jld have arisen between tw band a
crossing in time to render assistance in the f light ; besides "Indians were coming," and soon after, I heard three guns fire. I accomplished officers: ; to both of whom I feel rr e\h m .
this, he had neither provision or ammunition, nor the proper implements was then approaching the edge of the river to cross, and, almost at great personal obligations for their kindne--s; to a young swldt.
for bridging and cutting his way through the forest ; the consequence the same instant, the Indians appeared immediately in front of making his first campaign. \\'itb great respect,
was his rapid flight from the field, and retreat to Fort where I was and fired on the troops on the north bank. The fire R. GAMBLE, Ji
Dranc. was quite brisk and Col. Parish immediately gave orders to ex-
This failure on our part, and the previous success of the war tad the line up and down the river, to man the trees, and return
party, no doubt rendered them and their course popular with those the fire of enemy, which was promply done, and with such success --
hesitating between peace and war, and soon tended to bring tho the Indians fled. In a few minutes afterwards, heavy firing was
whole nation over tu their standard. heard the regulars:: were posted on the south bank. As soon ITo
31: uch consequence has been attached to the question so often as the Indians fled from the fire of the volunteers they (the volun- His Excellency R. K. Call,
aslf'd. why were not the volunteers across the river so as to take teers) continued crossing as rapidly the means afforded them (to SIR.-Too much havingalready been said in relation to .ihelitl
part in the fight I This question i is easily answered. The regulars wit) the canoe, would permit. The men were urged to cross by lacoochee battle of the 31st Dec. 1S35, you must excuse oeS1{
were on the right, and first in the order of crossing, and consequently all means practicable, and to swim the river, if it could be done, being' very brief on that subject. Injustice to you however, I Kf
got over the river first ; they occupied the canoe, and crossing many plunged into it on horseback, and a few succeeded in gettingover heard you give an order forbidding the men to cross during thUl'
until late in the day when the same was occupied by the volunteers. but their arms and ammunition got wet, and by far the greater tion, nor do I think such an order could have been given. .not>
It must be recollected also, that the regulars: were on part found the stream so rapid when they reached the current, very men who are giving Certificates to that effect at this tar
foot, and the volunteers mounted ; and that one horseman would that their horses were turned round! bv it, and they could not reach would have said something on that subject immediately subseqae|
necessarily occupy as uiuchMimc in crossing asjtcn footmanthere being tho opposite side. This so hearted the others that the mode of to the action, as I know many of them were in the! habit or _
no ford dug down or otherwise made, by which horses could be crossing vas abandoned as impracticable. I believe that no man fault with every order they thought not consistent with inert"
lead or rode into the stream ; but had to be striped and could have swam the river without losing his arms or getting his views. '
forced from a high bank into the river, which so alarmed the ani- ammunition; wet. Very respectfully,
mal that it was with difficulty he could be driven or forced to the In conclusion, I have only to add that on that occasion, I believe Your o'bt Servant.
proper landing ou the opposite side ; besides this three horsemenwith every effort was made by yourself and other officers, of which Dec. 30th 1837. WILLIAM BAUt
their full equipage was a full load for the little canoe, includ- human energy is capable to bring your command into action and
ingjlbe men to conduct it. In consequence of these diflculties, and that under no circumstances, with the means afforded could a lar-
the short time which elapsed between the crossing of the regularsand ger number of men have crossed the river from the beginning to the --
the commencement of the fight, but few of the volunteers were conclusion of the battle, than did so on that occasion.
over ; and in like manner did the same difficulties render it impos- I am, respectly,
sible for any greater number to cross during the fight than did'- Your o'bt Servant, TALLAHASSEE Dec. 29th 1831.-
But to place this matter in another point of view, let us suppose the [Signed] THOMAS JOHNS. DEAR SIR-I cheerfully bear witness to the fact, ttat08 it
volunteers to be on the right, and first in tho order of crossing. every exertion in_your ;power to reinforce Gen. Clinch, at theW
they would have been all over first, and consequently first in the tie of the Withlacoochee. Soon after the action commenced,?!!
action; whilst! the the regulars would have been "protecting the professional services were required I was then on the south*
rear, and idle spectators ;" I am euro they would have given quite of the river, and having left my instruments::; and medicines witho
as good account of the enemy ns the regulars did. bagase on the other side I swam over on horse back to obtain IS*
I have stated in the publication alluded to, that you gave an order NEHAMATHLA Dec. 30th 1837. then I saw you giving some orders and Capt. Fisher Iud 0 t_
during the action for the volunteers to cease crossing, and forma DEAR SIR.-1 have before me yours oftbe 7th in which you request pushing crTin the canoe which was kept constantly plyingul U'
line facing outwards from the river, so as to receive the enemy, my answer, to the following questions. crossed in it myself. I heard Col. Parish order the men to 04.
who was supposed to be coming in our rear. I did not hear you "Were not the regular troops formed in double file in close order over vitk their guns which was impracticable.
give the order ia person ; but from the seeing the necessity of such and did they not remain in that situation during the fight? were Very respectly, Yours, ,
(m order, and understanding at the same time, that such an order they not in open ground, while the Indians had the dense ham- novo Call. J. II. RANDOLPH.CHATTAHOOClIEE .

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