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 Introduction
 Tables
 Notes






Title: 4-H horse program : horse science
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078697/00010
 Material Information
Title: 4-H horse program : horse science
Physical Description: Book
Creator: 4-H Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Publisher: 4-H Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
 Subjects
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078697
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Introduction
        Page 2
    Tables
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Notes
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





horse science


4-H


HORSE


PROGRAM







NAME


ADDRESS

CLUB


4-H HORSE PROGRAM
HORSE SCIENCE



This educational material has been prepared for 4-H use by the Cooperative Extension Services of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture and State Land-Grant Universities in cooperation with the National 4-H Council and the
American Quarter Horse Association.

Trade or brand names used in the publications are used only for the purpose of educational information. The
information given herein is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement
of products or breeds of horses by the Federal Extension Service or State Cooperative Extension Services is
implied, nor does it imply approval of products or breeds of horses to the exclusion of others which may also be
suitable.

This material was originally published by the National 4-H Council, 7100 Connecticut Avenue, Chevy Chase,
Maryland 20815.

Programs and educational materials of National 4-H Council are available to all persons regardless of race, color,
sex, age, religion, national origin or handicap. Council is an equal opportunity employer.













Table 1. Daily Nutrient Requirements of Horses Based on mature weight of 1000 to 1200 lbs

Daily Feed Per Digestible Total Digestible Calcium Phosphorus Vitamin A
Horse lbs Protein lbs Nutrients lbs grams grams Int'l Units*


400 pound weaning (age about 6 months) 11 to 12
600 to 700 pound yearling 13 to 14
800 to 1000 pound 2 year old 15 to 16
1000 lb. mature idle horse (less than 1 hour riding daily) 16 to 17
1000 lb. horse light work 1 to 3 hours riding daily 16 to 17
1000 lb. horse medium work 3 to 5 hours riding daily 19 to 20
1000 lb. horse hard work more than 5 hours riding daily 22 to 23
1000 lb. breeding stallion (moderate breeding) 20 to 22
1000 lb. bred mare light work 18 to 20
1000 lb. lactating mare 28 to 30
Horses can use carotene to produce Vitamin A at the rate of 400 International Units



Your 4-H horse project offers an opportunity for you to
learn how to balance a ration. To accomplish this, you must
be accurate in your addition, multiplication, division and
subtraction. You will be working with percentages, so be
sure and watch decimal placings.
You can use Nutrient Requirement Tables in two ways:
(1) to check the ration being fed to see if it is balanced, and
(2) to formulate an adequate ration for your horse.
Follow this procedure in checking through the example
ration and in working out a ration for your horse on the
blank sheet.
1) Determine the age, weight and type of work your
horse is doing.
2) Fill in Section 3 of the enclosed work sheet from
Table 1, Daily Nutrient Requirements of Horses.
3) List available feeds in Section 1 of your work sheet,
giving attention to each column. If you have actual
analysis on your feeds, use these. If not, take average
analysis from Table 2.
4) Weigh the amount of each feedstuff being fed daily.
If a mixed feed is being used, you can either find out
the amount of each feed ingredient that is in the mixture
or use analysis of the mixture from the feed tag.


1.0 to 1.2
1.6 to 1.8
1.3 to 1.5
0.6 to 0.8
0.8 to 1.0
0.9 to 1.1
1.2 to 1.4
1.6 to 1.7
1.1 to 1.3
1.9 to 2.1


8.0 to 9.0
9.0 to 10.0
10.0 to 11.4
6.0 to 8.1
8.0 to 11.0
11.0 to 14.0
14.0 to 17.0
13.0 to 15.0
10.0 to 12.0
18.0 to 20.0


12,000
16,000
25,000
8,000
18,000
18,000
18,000
32,000
24,000
40,000


of Vitamin A from 1 mg of carotene


5) Multiply each figure in Section 1 by the pounds fed
daily (Section 2, column 1). Record the results in the
appropriate columns of Section 2 on your work sheet.
6) Add the columns in Section 2. This gives the total
amount of each nutrient in your horse ration.
7) Check these totals against the "Daily Nutrient
Requirements" listed in Section 3 of your work sheet. If
the "requirement" is more than the totals in your ration,
you will know that your ration is inadequate. Your next
step is to find a feed ingredient that is a good source of
the deficient nutrient and either substitute this new
feedstuff for one you are now using or add this new
ingredient to your horse ration. After doing this, you
should refigure your totals to be sure other nutrients are
not out of balance. Excesses of some nutrients can
interfere with use of others in addition to being a waste
of feed and money. For example, excess calcium can
prevent complete utilization of phosphorus in a ration.


June 1989


Horse Science: Balancing Rations for Horses


Page 3








Horse Science: Balancing Rations for Horses


Table 2. Average Nutrient Content of Feeds
Feed Digestible Total Calcium grams Phosphorus Carotene mg.
Protein % Digestible per lb. grams per lb. per lb. $
Nutrients %

Concentrates
Rolled Oats 11.0 75.0 0.41 1.95 0.0

Corn No. 2 7.8 85.0 0.09 1.22 1.3
Rolled Milo 9.3 83.0 0.14 1.22 0.0

Rolled Barley 10.6 80.0 0.41 2.13 0.0
Wheat Bran 12.3 65.0 0.63 5.90 1.2

Wheat 14.2 75.0 0.22 1.86 1.4
Soybean Oil 42.0 78.0 1.27 2.77 0.0
Linseed Meal 30.0 75.0 1.60 3.20 0.0
Molasses 0.0 53.7 3.35 0.36 0.0

Roughages
Timothy 4.6 51.0 1.04 0.91 10.0
Oat Hay (green) 5.0 47.3 0.95 0.86 14.0
Wheat Hay 3.8 46.7 0.95 0.86 14.0
Smooth Brome 6.1 46.3 1.63 1.18 16.7
Crested 5.4 51.0 1.00 0.60 2.2
Kentucky Blue 6.5 51.0 1.00 0.94 20.0
Prairie Hay 3.7 43.1 2.80 0.56 14.0
Clover-Timothy 5.5 46.2 4.00 0.86 6.1
Alfalfa 12.4 50.3 6.60 1.06 16.8

Ladino Clover 13.0 44.8 6.20 1.60 73.1
Red Clover 7.6 44.3 6.13 0.86 16.7

Mixed Grass 5.1 53.8 2.65 0.80 9.0
Reed Canary 4.8 45.1 1.63 0.82 7.0
Oat Straw 0.7 44.7 0.86 0.45 0.0
* Convert Carotene to International Units of Vitamin A by multiplying by 400


June 1989


Page 4







Horse Science: Balancing Rations for Horses


BALANCING HORSE RATIONS WORK SHEET

Animal / re /aTJ^ Weight 0oAgeZWork Clossificatio"n ,/4,it
Section 1 Composition of Feeds I3 9* -
Digesti.l. Coleium Phosphko-u Vitomin A
Feed Protein T.D grum, grum International Units
%% p Ib. per Ib. per Ib. of feed


3 a r/ I .-


/0r s e S


Section 2


Food r




B r/'a 7


Totol

Section 3

Size and
Use of Horse



Section 4

Total from
Section 2
Ration
deficiency
Supplement
balanced
ration


/d1. G


S/ 0


g5. 7
JTJ 7


6, y/


3;.33s a3Z


Il

2Z/3


Q.dentity of Nutrients in Feeds Being Used


Lbs. .d

-' ''


/7 1


(Based on

Lbs. fed


/ 7(' Z


igestible
Protein
,Ail


T.D.N.
Ibs.


Calcium
gm.


f,4


dY./




/ai. ]
/d, '*


/Z15-


Phosphorus
gm,




/ .7


ZJ.-6 I Y d


Vitamin A
I.U.


Daily Nutrient Requirements
air-dry feed containing 90 ir.nmnt J4ry qwntter)
Dignti"Ie T.D.N. Calcium Phosphorus Vitamin A
Protein ,.
lbs.


o.l, ? f


lid IW


Z,4 ) I ?"/Y do


Balancing Ration and Meering Requirements


June 1989


i .


Page 5










BALANCING HORSE RATIONS WORK SHEET

Animal__________ Weight___________ Age______________ Work
Classification

Section 1 Composition of Feeds

Digestible T.D.N. Calcium Phosphorus Vitamin A
Feed Protein % grams per grams per International Units
% lb. lb. per lb. of feed








Section 2 Quantity of Nutrients in Feeds Being Used

Digestible T.D.N. Calcium Phosphorus Vitamin A
Feed Lbs. fed Protein
Ibs. gm. gm. I.U.
lbs.







Total

Section 3 Daily Nutrient Requirements
(Based on air-dry feed containing 90 percent dry matter)

Size and Digestible T.D.N. Calcium Phosphorus Vitamin A
z nd Lbs. fed Protein
Use of Horse .Lbs lbs. gm. gm. I.U.
lbs.



Section 4 Balancing Ration and Meeting Requirements

Total from
Section 2

Ration
deficiency

Supplement


Balanced
ration


June 1989


Horse Science: Balancing Rations for Horses


Page 6







Horse Science: Balancing Rations for Horses


NOTES


June 1989


Page 7



































































1. This document is section 10 of 14 of 4HHSG01, which supersedes CO 201, one of a series of the 4-H Youth
Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University
of Florida. Date first printed August 1965. Date revised June 1989. Please visit the FAIRS Website at
http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu.

2. R. D. Setzler, Washington State University. Debbie Glauer, member of 4-H Animal Science Design Team,
Department of Family, Youth and Community Science, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611.


UNIVERSITY OF
'FLORIDA
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, Christine
Taylor Waddill, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of
the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, age, sex, handicap or national origin. The information in this publication
is available in alternate formats. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from county extension offices. Information on copies for out-of-state purchase is available from Publications Distribution Center,
University of Florida, PO Box 110011, Gainesville, FL 32611-0011. Information about alternate formats is available from Educational Media and
Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810. This information was published June 1989 as CO 201, which is
superseded by 4HHSG01, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.




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