Front Cover
 Breeds of light horses
 Draw a picture of your favorite...

Title: 4-H horse program : horses and horsemanship
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078696/00001
 Material Information
Title: 4-H horse program : horses and horsemanship
Physical Description: Book
Creator: 4-H Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Publisher: 4-H Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078696
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Breeds of light horses
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Draw a picture of your favorite breed
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida

horses and horsemanship







This educational material has been prepared for 4-H use by the Cooperative Extension Services of the
U.S. Department of Agriculture and State Land-Grant Universities in cooperation with the National 4-H
Council and the American Quarter Horse Association.

Trade or brand names used in the publications are used only for the purpose of educational information.
The information given herein is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no
endorsement of products or breeds of horses by the Federal Extension Service or State Cooperative
Extension Services is implied, nor does it imply approval of products or breeds of horses to the exclusion
of others which may also be suitable.

This material was originally published by the National 4-H Council, 7100 Connecticut Avenue, Chevy
Chase, Maryland 20815.

Programs and educational materials supported by National 4-H Council; Extension Service, United
States Department of Agriculture; and all Cooperative Extension Services of the State Land-Grant
Universities are available to all persons regardless of race, color, sex, age, religion, national origin or
handicap. All are equal opportunity employers.


A breed is a group ofhorses having common origin
and possessing certain 1stc,,,;,i ,l. characteristics
that are transmittable to their offspring (see Table 1.
Breeds of Light Horses and Their Characteristics).

An understanding of breeds and terms to describe
the breeds is important to all horsemen. Description of
colors and color markings can be found in the guide
sheet of that title. If you desire pictures of the breeds,
contact the Secretaries of the BreedRegistry
Associations at the addresses given in this guide or
contact USDA Office of Information for a copy of
Bulletin FB 2127 entitled "Light Horses."


Breed character Those characteristics of a breed that
distinguish it from other breeds.
Breeder Owner of the dam (female) at the time of
service (breeding). The jockey Club, which records
Thoroughbreds, uses the term to refer to the owner of a
mare at the time a foal is dropped.
Breed standard Standard of excellence set up by a
breed association for its breed.
Breed type Those characteristics commonly accepted
as ideal for a particular breed.
Cold-blood A horse of draft-horse breeding.
Crossbred animal A horse that has purebred or
high-grade parents of different breeds.

Dam The female parent mother.
Family A group of animals within a breed, all of which
trace directly to a common ancestor.
Get The offspring of a sire.
Grade animal A horse that has one purebred parent
and one grade or scrub parent.
Half-bred When capitalized, this denotes a horse sired
by a Thoroughbred and registered in the Half-Bred Stud
Hot-blooded A horse of eastern or oriental blood.
Pedigree Written record of the ancestry of an animal.
It may or may not be used to refer to a registration
Performance registry A record book in which the
performance of animals is recorded and preserved.
Produce The offspring of a dam.
Purebred animal An individual horse whose parents
are recorded in the same registry association. A
Registered animal is one whose parents are recorded and
is itself recorded, and the registration certificate has
been issued.
Registration certificate Written record of the ancestry
of an animal, issued by the registry association.
Registry association An organization formed for the
purpose of keeping records of the ancestry of individuals
within a breed and to promote the breed.
Sire The male parent father.
Stud A horse breeding establishment or farm. The
breeding stallion is usually called the stud horse.
Stud book A book of record published by breed
registry associations for purebred horses, ponies, or


Table 1. Breeds of Light Horses and Their Characteristics

*Breed Associations Place of Origin Color Other Distinguishing Primary Uses Disqualifications
d Ao Characteristics

The American
Saddlebred Horse
Association, Inc.

Appaloosa Horse
Club, Inc.

United States; in
Fayette County,

United States, in
Oregon, Washington
and Idaho; from
animals originating in
Fergana, Central Asia.

Bay, brown, chestnut, gray or
black. Gaudy white markings
are frowned upon.

Variable, but usually white
over the loin and hips, with
dark round, or egg-shaped
spots thereon.

Ability to furnish an easy
ride with great style and
animation. Long and
graceful neck and proud
The eye is encircled by
white, the skin is mottled
and the hoofs are striped
vertically black and white.

Three and five-gated
saddle horses. Fine
harness horses, Pleasure
horses, Stock horses.

Stock horses, Pleasure
horses, Parade horses.

Animals not having Appaloosa
Characteristics, and animals
of draft horse and pony,
Albino or Pinto breeding;
cryptorchids; and animals
under 14 hands at maturity (5
yrs. or older)

Arabian Horse
Registry of America

Cleveland Bay Horse
Society of America

Connemara Pony

American Hackney
Horse Society


England; in the
Cleveland district of

Ireland, on the West

England; on the
eastern coast, in
Norfolk and adjoining

Bay, gray, and chestnut with
an occasional white or black.
White marks on the head
and legs are common. The
skin is always dark.
Always solid bay with black

Gray, black, bay, brown, dun,
cream, with, occasional
roans and chestnuts.

Chestnut, bay, and brown are
most common colors,
although roans and blacks
are seen. White marks are
common and are desired.

A beautiful head, short
coupling, docility, great
endurance, and a gay way
of going.

They range in height from
13 to 14-2 hands. Famous
as jumpers. Also noted for
hardiness, docility, and

In the show- ring, custom
decrees that heavy
harness horses be docked
and have their manes
pulled. High natural action.

Saddle horses, Stock

Today it is used chiefly as
a great utility horse; for
riding, driving, and doing
all kinds of farm work.
Also, used in cross-
breeding to produce heavy
weight hunters.
As jumpers, for showing
under saddle and
occasionally in harness,
and for general riding and
hunting for medium sized
adult and children.
Heavy harness or carriage
horses. For crossbreeding
purposes to produce
hunters and jumpers.

Any color other than bay.

Piebalds and skewbalds not
accepted for registration.

December 1989

Breeds of Light Horses

Page 4

Table 1. Breeds of Light Horses and Their Characteristics

*Breed Associations Place of Origin Color Other Distinguishing Primary Uses Disqualifications
d Ao Characteristics

American Morgan
Horse Association,

The National Spotted
Saddle Horse

Palomino Horse
Association, Inc.

Pinto Horse
Association of
America, Inc.

Pony of Americas

America Quarter
Horse Association

United States; in the
New England States

United States; from
animals of Hackney
and Saddle Horse
United States; from
horses of Spanish

United States; from
horses brought in by

United States; Mason
City, Iowa.

United States

Bay, brown, black, and
chestnut; extensive white
markings are common.

Spotted. The secondary color
must not be less than 10%,
not including white legs or
white on the face.
Golden (the color of a newly)
minted gold coin or 3 shades
lighter or darker), with a light
colored mane and tail (white,
silver or ivory, with not more
than 15% dark or chestnut
hair in either). While
markings on the face or
below the knees are
Preferably half color or colors
and half white, with many
spots well placed. The two
distinct pattern markings are:
Overo and Tobiano.

Similar to Appaloosa; white
over the loin and hips with
dark round or egg-shaped

Chestnuts, sorrel, bays, and
dun are most common;
although they may be
palomino, black brown, roan,

Easy keeping qualities,
endurance and docility

Glass eyes are not

46" to 52" high.

Well-muscled and
powerfully built. Small alert
ear; sometimes heavily
muscled cheeks and jaw.

Saddle horses, Stock

Saddle horses, Stock
horses, Pleasure horses,
Fine harness horses,
Parade horses
Stock horses, Parade
horses, Pleasure horses,
Saddle horses, Fine
harness horses.

Any light horse purpose,
but especially for show,
parade, notice and
pleasure purposes.

Children's mounts.

Stock horses, Racing,
Pleasure horses.

Animals under 14.2 hands.
Animals of draft horse or pony
breeding, or showing these
Animals of draft-horse or pony
breeding, and the offspring of
piebald or albino breeding not
eligible for registration.

Under 14-1 hands; pony or
draft horse blood.

Ponies not within the height
range; or not having the
appaloosa color, including
mottled skin and much
exposed sclera of the eye.
Pinto marking and loud-
colored roans.
Pinto, Appaloosa, and albino
colors are ineligible for
registration, also white
markings on the underline.

December 1989

Breeds of Light Horses

Page 5

Table 1. Breeds of Light Horses and Their Characteristics

*Breed Associations Place of Origin Color Other Distinguishing Primary Uses Disqualifications

American Shetland Shetland Isles All colors, either solid or Small size, good Children's mounts, Over 46" in height.
Pony Club broken. disposition. Harness-show purposes
(the American type).
United States United States Bay, brown, chestnut, and Smaller and less leggy and Harness racing, either
Trotting black are most common, but with more substance and trotting or pacing. Harness
Association grays, roans and duns are ruggedness than the horses in horse shows.
(Standardbred) found. Thoroughbred.

Tennessee Walking Bay, brown, chestnut, and Fineness of conformation. Running races. Stock
Horse Breeders' And black; less frequently, roan, Long, straight and well horses. Saddle horses.
Exhibitors' and gray. White markings on muscled legs. Polo mounts. Hunters.
Association the face and legs are
The Jockey Club England Bay, brown, chestnut, and Fineness of conformation. Running races.
(Thoroughbred) black; less frequently, roan, Long, straight and well- Stock horses.
and gray. White markings on muscled legs. Saddle horses.
the face and legs ae Polo mounts.
common. Hunters.

Welsh Pony Society Wales Any color except piebald and Small size; intermediate Children mounts. Harness Any white markings on body
of America skewbald. between Shetland Ponies show ponies Roadster and unless approved by Board of
and other light horse racing ponies. Hunter directors.
breeds. Those 12-2 hands ponies.
and under are registered in
Sec. A of stud book. Mares
and stallions over 12-2 and
not over 14-0 hands are
registered in Sec. B of the
Stud Book.
*Check your local library reference for current address

December 1989

Breeds of Light Horses

Page 6

Breeds of Light Horses


December 1989

Page 7

1. This document is 4HHSG02, one of a series of the 4-H Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative
Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Printed. Please visit the
FAIRS Website at http://hammockifas.ufl.edu.

2. Arden Huff, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Debbie Glauer, member of 4-H Animal Science Design Team,
Department of Family, Youth and Community Science, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611.

Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Taylor Waddill, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose
of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only
to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, age, sex, handicap or national origin. The information in this
publication is available in alternate formats. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available
free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on copies for out-of-state purchase is available from Publications
Distribution Center, University of Florida, PO Box 110011, Gainesville, FL 32611-0011. Information about alternate formats is available from
Educational Media and Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810. This information was published
December 1989, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.

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