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 Front Cover
 Acknowledgement
 Illustrators
 Glossary






Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078695/00011
 Material Information
Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Publisher: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
 Subjects
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078695
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Acknowledgement
        Page 2 (MULTIPLE)
    Illustrators
        Page 3
    Glossary
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





MEMBER'S MANUAL


4H FOM 10


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What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


This educational material has been adapted for use in Florida by Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School
of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, in cooperation with Florida 4-H.

The material was originally prepared for 4-H use by the Department of Education, New York State College of
Agriculture and Life Sciences, through a special grant from the International Paper Company Foundation.
Administration of the grant was by Cornell Cooperative Extension Service New York City 4-H office. Original
publication was through the National 4-H Council, 7100 Connecticut Avenue, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815.

Reviewers

Mr. B.J. Allen, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Miss Linda L. Dearmin, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. Suzanne G. Fisher, Assistant Dean and Chairperson, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. D. Mitchell Flinchum, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry Specialist, School of Forest Resources and
Conservation

Mr. Anthony S. Jensen, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry and Wildlife Specialist, School of Forest
Resources and Conservation

Dr. Wayne R. Marion, Associate Professor and Extension Wildlife Ecology Specialist, School of Forest Resources
and Conservation

Dr. Nancy Pywell, Assistant Professor of Natural Resources Education, School of Forest Resources


October 1990


Page 2







What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Illustrators

Mrs. Joyce M. Lottinville, Illustrator, and Dr. Nancy Pywell, School of Forest Resources and Conservation











ne day a very old man left his house early in the
morning and returned several hours later with a
sapling. The sapling was half as tall as you are and
as thin as a wooden pencil. The old man began
planting it at the roadside in front of his house. He
worked slowly because he was old and because he
enjoyed the work. As he planted, a neighbor came
by and looked at the tiny sapling.

"Why you silly old man," the neighbor laughed, "you're wasting your time planting such a small sapling!
You'll be gone before it grows large enough to fill this space with beauty and shade."

"You are correct," the old man calmly replied as he continued planting. "But, I am not planting this tree for
myself. All my life I have had fine trees to look at and walk under because when I was young, old people planted
trees. Now, I plant trees -- for those to come!"











What's a Tree to Me? was developed to teach you more about trees their importance, value, usefulness, and the
pleasure they give. If you live in the city, the suburbs, or the country, trees are an important part of your life. What
would your neighborhood be like without trees?

You will learn how trees grow, what trees do for people and the environment, and how you can help trees. There
are many exciting activities and opportunities to invite guest speakers to your meetings. You can also learn about
careers that deal with trees. The more effort you put into this project, the more benefits you will receive from it.
Have a TREEmendous time!


October 1990


Page 3







What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


GLOSSARY

A

Accent tree a tree that draws attention to the building or site where it is planted.

Adapt to adjust to new or changed circumstances.

Annual ring any of the concentric rings seen in cross sections of the stems of most trees and shrubs; each ring is a
layer of wood that is a year's growth.

B

Biltmore stick a stick used to measure the diameter of trees.

Branch any woody extension growing from the trunk or main stem, or from a main limb, of a tree.

Bud a small swelling or projection on a plant, from which a shoot, cluster of leaves, or flower develops.

C

Circumference the line bounding a circle, a rounded surface, or an area suggesting a circle or the distance
measured by this line.

City forester a person hired by a city to help plan, evaluate, and educate others on the status of city trees.

Clinometer an instrument for measuring angles of slope or inclination.

Community 1) all the people living in a particular district, city, etc.
2) a group of animal and plant species living together and having close interactions especially
through food relationships.

Competition the struggle among individual organisms, in. this case trees, for food, water, space, etc. when the
available supply is limited

Conifer cone-bearing trees and shrubs, mostly evergreen, in the order Coniferales, as the pine, spruce, fir, cedar,
yew, etc.

Consume to eat or drink up; devour

Consumer in ecosystems, an organism that survives by consuming organic matter (plants and animals).

D

D.B.H. the diameter of a tree at breast height (4.5 feet above ground).

D.B.H. tape an instrument (tape) used to measure the D.B.H. of standing trees.

Deciduous shedding leaves each year; opposed to evergreen.


October 1990


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What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Deckle a removable frame used as an edging for the four sides of a sheet mold in making paper by hand.

Decomposer an organism that obtains energy in the process of, breaking down organic matter to more simple
substances; refers to bacteria and fungi, ex. mushroom.

Den the cave or other lair of a wild animal.

Diameter a straight line passing through the center of a circle, sphere, etc. from one side to the other.

Disperse to break up and scatter in all directions; spread about; distribute widely.

Dormant live, but not actively growing.

E

Edible anything fit to be eaten; food.

Embryo the immature plant contained in a seed.

E Pluribus Unum out of many, one; a motto of the United States.

Evergreen having green leaves throughout the year; opposed to deciduous.

Exotic a plant that is not native; foreign.

F

Fascicle a small tuft or cluster of fibers, leaves, stems, roots, etc.

Fiber a slender, threadlike structure that combines with others to form (plant) tissue.

Flowering tree a tree with showy flowers.

Food chain movement of energy and nutrients from one feeding group of organisms to another in a series that
begins with green plants and usually ends with carnivores.

Forester a person trained in forestry. Foresters may be in charge of a forest or urban trees, or may be involved in
many areas of forestry work including: forest hydrology, forest management, forest genetics, forest economics,
forestry education, forest-wildlife management or timber purchasing.

G

Gallon a liquid measure, equal to four quarts (231 cubic inches).

Germinate to sprout from a spore, seed, or bud: to start developing or growing.

Grain the arrangement or direction of fibers, layers, or particles of wood, leather, stone, paper, etc.

Growth ring same as annual ring.


October 1990


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What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


H

Habitat place where a plant or animal lives, including its source of food and water, shelter and living space.

Hammock a raised piece of very fertile land with hardwood trees growing on it.

Herbivore an animal that eats only plants.

I

Increment borer an instrument used to obtain a core of wood from a living tree. The number and width of annual
rings can be determined from the core.

K

Knot a hard lump on a tree where a branch has grown; a cross section of such a lump, appearing as concentric
circles in a board.

L

Limb a large branch of a tree.

M

Mammal any of a large class (Mammalia) of warm blooded, usually hairy vertebrates whose offspring are fed
with milk secreted by the female mammary glands.

Meter the basic unit of length in the metric system, equal to 39.37 inches.

N

Native belonging to a locality, or country by birth, production, or growth; indigenous.

Niche the particular role of an individual species or organism in its community, including its position in the food
cycle, its behavior, etc.

O

Omnivore an organism that eats both plant and animal material.

Organic of, having the characteristics of, or derived from living organisms.

Organism any individual animal or plant usually having diverse organs and parts that function together as a whole
to maintain life and its activities.

Ornamental a plant or shrub grown for its decorative effects.

Ovary the enlarged hollow part of the pistil containing ovules.


October 1990


Page 6







What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Ovule a structure in seed plants that develops into a seed after fertilization

P

Persistent remaining attached permanently or for a more than one growing season, as some leaves.

Photosynthesis the production of organic substances, mostly sugars, from carbon dioxide and water occurring in
green plant cells supplied with enough light.

Pistil the seed-bearing (female) part of a flowering plant.

Pollen the yellow, powder-like male cells formed in the stamen of the flower.

Producer a green plant that produces sugars.

Q

Quart a liquid measure, equal to 114 gallon (57.75 cu. in.).

R

Ratio a fixed relation in number between two similar things, ex. a ratio of two boys to three girls

Recycle to use again and again.

Relaskop an instrument used to determine the height and diameter of standing trees.

Root the part of a plant usually below ground, that holds the plant in position, draws water and nutrients from the
soil, and may store food.

S

Samara a dry, winged fruit, as of the maple.

Sap the juice that flows through a plant, especially a woody plant, carrying water, food, etc, to the tissues.

Sapling a young tree.

Sapwood the living wood which conducts water and nutrients between the roots and crown. It is located between
the inner bark of a tree and the heartwood.

Shade tree a tree planted primarily for the shade it gives.

Shoot a new growth; sprout or twig.

Stamen the pollen-bearing (male) part of a flowering plant.

Street tree trees planted along streets and roadways primarily to provide beauty and shade.


October 1990


Page 7







What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Stump the lower end of a tree or plant remaining in the ground after most of the stem or trunk has been cut off

Swamp a wetland supporting trees, such as cypress or red maple.

Symbol something that stands for or represents another thing.

T

Tree warden a person who guards, or has charge of trees; a tree keeper or custodian.

Trunk the main stem of a tree.

Twig a small, slender branch or shoot of a tree or shrub.

W

Wildlife Birds and other wild animals, collectively.

Wind-break hedge, fence, or row of trees that serves as a protection from wind.


October 1990


Page 8

















Name:


Age:


County: 4-H Club:

Years in 4-H work: School:

Leader's Name: Do you live in the City?


UF^ UNIVERSITY of

UFFLORIDA
IFAS Extension


1. This document has been extracted from 4H FOM 10 (section 11 of 11 sections) which
supercedes 4H-480, one of a series of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation for 4-H
Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date reprinted October 1990. Please visit the
FAIRS Website at http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu.

2. Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School of Forest Resources and Conservation,
Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of
Florida, Gainesville, 32611.


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
Christine Taylor Waddill, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further
the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, age, sex, handicap or national origin. The
information in this publication is available in alternate formats. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth
publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on copies for out-of-state purchase is
available from Publications Distribution Center, University of Florida, PO Box 110011, Gainesville, FL 32611-0011. Information about
alternate formats is available from Educational Media and Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810.
This information was published as 4H FOM 10, which supercedes 4H-480, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.




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