Front Cover
 A green place
 Project requirements

Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078695/00010
 Material Information
Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Publisher: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078695
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2 (MULTIPLE)
        Page 3
    A green place
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Project requirements
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 12
Full Text


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida


4H FOM 10




What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


This educational material has been adapted for use in Florida by Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School
of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, in cooperation with Florida 4-H.

The material was originally prepared for 4-H use by the Department of Education, New York State College of
Agriculture and Life Sciences, through a special grant from the International Paper Company Foundation.
Administration of the grant was by Cornell Cooperative Extension Service New York City 4-H office. Original
publication was through the National 4-H Council, 7100 Connecticut Avenue, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815.


Mr. B.J. Allen, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Miss Linda L. Dearmin, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. Suzanne G. Fisher, Assistant Dean and Chairperson, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. D. Mitchell Flinchum, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry Specialist, School of Forest Resources and

Mr. Anthony S. Jensen, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry and Wildlife Specialist, School of Forest
Resources and Conservation

Dr. Wayne R. Marion, Associate Professor and Extension Wildlife Ecology Specialist, School of Forest Resources
and Conservation

Dr. Nancy Pywell, Assistant Professor of Natural Resources Education, School of Forest Resources

October 1990

Page 2

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Mrs. Joyce M. Lottinville, Illustrator, and Dr. Nancy Pywell, School of Forest Resources and Conservation

ne day a very old man left his house early in the
morning and returned several hours later with a
sapling. The sapling was half as tall as you are and
as thin as a wooden pencil. The old man began
planting it at the roadside in front of his house. He
worked slowly because he was old and because he
enjoyed the work. As he planted, a neighbor came
by and looked at the tiny sapling.

"Why you silly old man," the neighbor laughed, "you're wasting your time planting such a small sapling!
You'll be gone before it grows large enough to fill this space with beauty and shade."

"You are correct," the old man calmly replied as he continued planting. "But, I am not planting this tree for
myself. All my life I have had fine trees to look at and walk under because when I was young, old people planted
trees. Now, I plant trees -- for those to come!"

What's a Tree to Me? was developed to teach you more about trees their importance, value, usefulness, and the
pleasure they give. If you live in the city, the suburbs, or the country, trees are an important part of your life. What
would your neighborhood be like without trees?

You will learn how trees grow, what trees do for people and the environment, and how you can help trees. There
are many exciting activities and opportunities to invite guest speakers to your meetings. You can also learn about
careers that deal with trees. The more effort you put into this project, the more benefits you will receive from it.
Have a TREEmendous time!

October 1990

Page 3




Are there spaces in your neighborhood where trees could grow, but don't?


~s "~g,

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Sometimes a space is needed for a building -- or a parking lot -- or a basketball court -- or a playground -- or an
outdoor market.

But sometimes a space would be better if it were green -- if it had trees growing on it. Then on hot days people
could sit in the shade, read without being bothered by the sun, play games, listen to birds, or just enjoy the green.

October 1990

Page 5

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Trees in a city space don't just happen. People plan carefully and work hard for them! New trees enter the city
as saplings. A sapling is a young tree -- not a baby -- not an adult. If you were a tree, you'd be a sapling.

Who do you think planned and worked for the trees in your city? If trees are on a roadside, a sidewalk, or in a
park, they were probably planted by your local government. Most towns and cities hire people to plant and care for
trees. You can find out who planted the saplings in your city by asking the people in your city or town
government. Look in the telephone directory for the listing of town or city offices. You will find a lot of offices
listed -- the mayor, the engineering offices, the police and fire departments, and many others. Look for the office
of the city forester. No luck? Try tree warden or buildings and ground maintenance, or park department. If the
branches of city or town government have you stumped, ask an adult to help you get to the root of the problem.
When you find the correct office, write down the address.

Write a letter to the forester inviting him or her to speak to your group. If your invitation is accepted, prepare
your questions for the forester in advance. Here are the kinds of questions you may want to ask your guest:

1) What kinds of trees are there in our city?

2) How much does it cost to plant one?

3) Where do the saplings come from?

4) What other things do city foresters do besides planting trees?

5) How much money does the city spend each year to remove dead trees?

6) How much does the city spend to repair or replace damaged trees?

7) Who else works with trees in the city? What do they do?

8) Where is the biggest, oldest, or most famous tree in our city?

Talk about places in your neighborhood that would really make good green spaces. Ask if you may help plant
trees there. And take care of them! Remember that trees will give people pleasure and make the neighborhood a
nicer place.

It's important to choose the right kind of trees. Usually a tree native to your area is a better choice than an
exotic tree. A native tree is one that occurs naturally where it is found. An exotic tree has been brought from
another place and planted where you wouldn't naturally find it.

October 1990

Page 6

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Before planting a tree, you should be able to answer the following questions:

1) Is the tree native to your area?

2) Is this the kind of tree you want? A shade tree,
an accent tree, a street tree, a flowering tree...

3) What kind of soil does the tree need?

4) Does the tree need mostly shade, mostly sun, or a little of both?

5) If you live near the coast, is the tree salt tolerant?

6) Does the tree have poison fruit, twigs, leaves, or bark?

7) What kind of pests might hurt the tree?

A few trees you may want to choose from are the cabbage palm, the live oak, the slash pine, and the red maple.
These trees grow throughout the state.

The cabbage palm is Florida's state tree. This member of the
palm family grows up to 80 feet tall. Its name comes from the
large leaf-bud or "cabbage" at the top of the trunk. The
"cabbage" may be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. But the tree
dies as a result. It grows in sandy soils of hammocks.

The live oak is a symbol of the South. Its wide-spreading r
crown makes it an excellent shade tree. But this tree needs '".
plenty of room to grow.

Slash pine is a fast-growing tree common to all parts of
Florida. Foresters grow this pine for timber, but it makes a
beautiful ornamental tree too.

The red maple is a deciduous tree. Do you remember what
that means? This maple is an excellent shade tree during the rest
of the seasons. It normally grows on low areas and swamps. Its
red flowers appear in February. The flowers are followed by
thin, red, papery seeds called samaras. ,ul-.

October 1990

Page 7

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Remember, city trees face special problems. Cities are usually warmer than the country. And there is less
water. People walk on the roots of trees. This compacts the soil, and the roots can't get as much water and air as
they normally would. People also pull off the leaves and branches of trees. And they carve into the bark. All these
things make it harder for trees to get their food and water. Without food and water, people can't grow -- neither can

You can help trees by taking care of them after they are planted. They need water and lots of it! They also may
need fertilizer. By checking on them often, you can find out what they need.

Some day, when you come back to the site, you may be surprised -- and pleased -- to see trees where there was


once only a messy, vacant lot. And you will feel good because you helped make space for a green place.

October 1990

Page 8

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Project Requirements


1) What is a sapling?

2) What is an exotic tree?

3) What is a native tree?

4) Who is your city or county forester?


1) Identify ten common tree species in your city. Note whether they are native or exotic. Make a leaf, twig,
and/or fruit collection of these trees. Present your findings to your club.

2) Prepare a checklist of potential tree problems you may have in your neighborhood or nearby park. Inspect
an area approximately ten blocks long, and list all problems found. Present your findings and propose possible
solutions. Consult a specialist if necessary.

3) Select a barren lot or trash lot in your city, and plant some saplings. Call the county or city forester to help
your club with this project. Be sure to select appropriate tree species. Maintain the trees the first year. Check
trees once a month. This qualifies for a community pride project.

4) Learn your local tree laws. The city or county forester should be able to help you. Tell your club about

5) Visit your county forest tower. You should be able to see all the trees in your city.

October 1990

Page 9

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Include what you learned, the problems you had, and what was the most fun.


October 1990

Page 10



County: 4-H Club:

Years in 4-H work: School:

Leader's Name: Do you live in the City?


IFAS Extension

1. This document has been extracted from 4H FOM 10 (section 10 of 11 sections) which
supercedes 4H-480, one of a series of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation for 4-H
Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date reprinted October 1990. Please visit the
FAIRS Website at http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu.

2. Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School of Forest Resources and Conservation,
Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of
Florida, Gainesville, 32611.

Christine Taylor Waddill, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further
the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, age, sex, handicap or national origin. The
information in this publication is available in alternate formats. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth
publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on copies for out-of-state purchase is
available from Publications Distribution Center, University of Florida, PO Box 110011, Gainesville, FL 32611-0011. Information about
alternate formats is available from Educational Media and Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810.
This information was published as 4H FOM 10, which supercedes 4H-480, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.

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