Front Cover
 Wildlife is around us
 Project requirements

Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078695/00008
 Material Information
Title: What's a tree to me? : member's manual
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Publisher: Florida 4-H Youth Development, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078695
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2 (MULTIPLE)
        Page 3
    Wildlife is around us
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Project requirements
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida


4H FOM 10




What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


This educational material has been adapted for use in Florida by Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School
of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, in cooperation with Florida 4-H.

The material was originally prepared for 4-H use by the Department of Education, New York State College of
Agriculture and Life Sciences, through a special grant from the International Paper Company Foundation.
Administration of the grant was by Cornell Cooperative Extension Service New York City 4-H office. Original
publication was through the National 4-H Council, 7100 Connecticut Avenue, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815.


Mr. B.J. Allen, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Miss Linda L. Dearmin, Associate Professor and Extension 4-H Youth Specialist, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. Suzanne G. Fisher, Assistant Dean and Chairperson, 4-H and Other Youth Programs

Dr. D. Mitchell Flinchum, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry Specialist, School of Forest Resources and

Mr. Anthony S. Jensen, Associate Professor and Extension Forestry and Wildlife Specialist, School of Forest
Resources and Conservation

Dr. Wayne R. Marion, Associate Professor and Extension Wildlife Ecology Specialist, School of Forest Resources
and Conservation

Dr. Nancy Pywell, Assistant Professor of Natural Resources Education, School of Forest Resources

October 1990

Page 2

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Mrs. Joyce M. Lottinville, Illustrator, and Dr. Nancy Pywell, School of Forest Resources and Conservation

ne day a very old man left his house early in the
morning and returned several hours later with a
sapling. The sapling was half as tall as you are and
as thin as a wooden pencil. The old man began
planting it at the roadside in front of his house. He
worked slowly because he was old and because he
enjoyed the work. As he planted, a neighbor came
by and looked at the tiny sapling.

"Why you silly old man," the neighbor laughed, "you're wasting your time planting such a small sapling!
You'll be gone before it grows large enough to fill this space with beauty and shade."

"You are correct," the old man calmly replied as he continued planting. "But, I am not planting this tree for
myself. All my life I have had fine trees to look at and walk under because when I was young, old people planted
trees. Now, I plant trees -- for those to come!"

What's a Tree to Me? was developed to teach you more about trees their importance, value, usefulness, and the
pleasure they give. If you live in the city, the suburbs, or the country, trees are an important part of your life. What
would your neighborhood be like without trees?

You will learn how trees grow, what trees do for people and the environment, and how you can help trees. There
are many exciting activities and opportunities to invite guest speakers to your meetings. You can also learn about
careers that deal with trees. The more effort you put into this project, the more benefits you will receive from it.
Have a TREEmendous time!

October 1990

Page 3


Have you ever seen a raccoon in your
neighborhood? What about a mockingbird,
a lizard, or a bee? I'm sure you've seen my
friends and me somewhere in your city. I'm
a squirrel. We are all animals. Some of our
friends call us wildlife. Like you, we need
food, water, shelter, and living space in
order to survive.

You probably get your food from the
grocery store, your water from a faucet,
Your shelter from your house, and your
living space from your neighborhood and
city. I get my food and shelter from trees. My water comes from puddles of rain, ponds, and birdbaths. And my
living space is the city park or that clump of trees in your backyard. The combination of food, water, shelter, and
living space is called habitat.

Do you like seeing my friends and me in your neighborhood? You and I are both part of nature. We depend
on each other, just as all living things depend on or are related to one another.

How are all living things related to one another? Let's start with the sun. The energy from the sun is
transferred to plants by a process called photosynthesis. Plants are called producers because they can produce
their own energy from the sun. This energy may be consumed or eaten by animals called herbivores. They eat
only plants. Other animals consume only animals (meat). They are carnivores. Carnivores which hunt and eat
living animals are predators. Those which feed on dead animals are scavengers. Some may consume both plants
and animals. The animals in this group are called omnivores. All these animals herbivores, carnivores, and
omnivores are called consumers. They depend on plants and each other to survive.

Another group of organisms, usually bacteria (one-celled microscopic organisms) and fungi, are called
decomposers. These organisms break down dead plants and animals into simple substances such as water and
matter. These substances are then recycled (reused) by plants and animals.

- -




What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

The producers, consumers, and decomposers are all connected by a food chain. The first step in the food chain
starts with green plants trapping energy from the sun. Herbivores and/or omnivores eat the plants; this is the
second step. The third step involves carnivores and/or omnivores eating herbivores. And the fourth step consists
of decomposers breaking down dead organic matter from plants and animals. This organic matter provides various
nutrients used by green plants. At each step in the food chain, a lot of energy is lost. Energy flows through the

Now you can see how all living things are interconnected. Take me for example, I eat hickory nuts, beechnuts,
and acorns which all come from trees (producers). That makes me an herbivore. And I make my den in old trees.
So, I depend on trees a lot! In turn, I bury nuts, and those that I forget or can't find begin to grow into trees.

When my friends and I can't find suitable habitat conditions, it causes all sorts of problems for us. If food,
water, shelter, and living space are scarce, sometimes we can't survive. Or we may have to move to a better habitat.
Or competition among us grows, and we fight for the scarce resources. We my not be able to raise our young, or
we may be eaten by a fox. In that case, the decomposers break down the organic matter that the fox did not eat.
This provides nutrients for green plants.

Do you think a vacant lot covered with trash and weeds could support many different kinds of wildlife? How
about a city park with lots of trees, shrubs, and a pond? I think the park could support more wildlife. Carrying
capacity describes the number of healthy plants and animals that a habitat can support or "carry" at one time. The
amount of food, water, shelter, and living space usually determine a habitat's carrying capacity.

October 1990

Page 5

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

You can find many different kinds of animals in the city.

My friends the raccoons, opossums, rabbits, field mice, and I are all mammals. We have backbones and fur
and hair and feed our young milk. You are a mammal too, so you can see that many mammals are found in the
city. Birds, such as sparrows, doves, woodpeckers, cardinals, bluejays, and mockingbirds also like the city. Did
you know that the mockingbird is the state bird of Florida?

You also can find reptiles, such as snakes, lizards, and turtles in the city. Do you think spiders, insects, frogs,
and fish are animals too? They are.

Each living thing has ajob or role in the community. Your parents have theirjobs, and yourjob is to go to
school and help around your home. A plant or animal's role within its community is called its niche (pronounced

October 1990


Page 6

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

All the animals I have mentioned so far have
adapted to city and country life. Adapting is the
process of changing over time to become better suited
to one's surroundings. You can help the animals in
your city. Remember animals need food, water, shelter,
and living space. What can you do to help provide
these necessities?

October 1990

Page 7

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

Project Requirements


1) What do animals need to survive?

2) Define habitat.

3) By what process is energy from the sun transferred to plants?

4) Why are plants called producers?

5) Define herbivore.

6) What are animals that only consume other animals called?

7) What is an omnivore?

8) What do decomposers do?

October 1990

Page 8

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

9) How are producers, consumers, and decomposers connected?

10) Energy flows and nutrients cycle. How is this demonstrated in an ecosystem?

11) What is carrying capacity?

12) What Is a plant or animal's role in its community called?


1) Make a poster or model of a food chain, and explain it to your club.

2) Make an all natural bird feeder. All you need is a large pine cone, some string, peanut butter, and bird seed.

Fill the pine cone with peanut butter. Then roll It In bird seed. Hang your bird feeder from a tree with
some string. Be sure to keep a "stuffed" pine cone up all winter. The birds are relying on you. When it gets
warmer stop your feeding program. The birds will be able to find their own food. But they'll be back next

October 1990

Page 9

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual

3) Make a birdbath. You don't need anything fancy. An old trash can lid or an old tire cut in half will do.
You also will need some tie wire or nylon rope, wire cutters, a drill, and a hacksaw.

Drill three sets of holes around the lip of your container. At each site drill two holes an inch apart from
each other and one-half inch from the container's edge. Find a low branch on a tree. Run the wire or rope
through each set of holes and around the tree limb. Twist the wire ends tightly. If you use wire to hang your
bird bath, be sure to remove the bath occasionally and loosen the wire to prevent damage to the tree.

Now fill the container with two and one-half inches of water. Maintain the bath by keeping a water supply
available and cleaning it inside to prevent algae build up.

4) You can provide food, shelter, and living space by planting some shrubs and trees in your yard or in a
vacant lot.

First, you must get permission from the owner of the property. Then, you should find out which plants
provide food for wildlife. Elderberries and pokeberries are native species that attract wildlife. Pyracantha is an
exotic that many birds feed on. Oak, holly, dogwood, hawthorn, wax myrtle, red-cedar, and redbud trees also
are good wildlife food sources.

5) Identify ten birds that you have seen in your neighborhood. Study their feeding habits. Fill in the following

Neighborhood Bird/Food Chart








October 1990

Page 10

What's A Tree To Me? Member's Manual


Include what you learned, what problems you had, and what was the most fun.


October 1990

Page 11



County: 4-H Club:

Years in 4-H work: School:

Leader's Name: Do you live in the City?

IFAS Extension

1. This document has been extracted from 4H FOM 10 (section 8 of 11 sections) which
supercedes 4H-480, one of a series of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation for 4-H
Youth Development Program, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date reprinted October 1990. Please visit the
FAIRS Website at http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu.
2. Cynthia L. Thomson, Graduate Assistant, School of Forest Resources and Conservation,
Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of
Florida, Gainesville, 32611.

Christine Taylor Waddill, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further
the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, age, sex, handicap or national origin. The
information in this publication is available in alternate formats. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth
publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on copies for out-of-state purchase is
available from Publications Distribution Center, University of Florida, PO Box 110011, Gainesville, FL 32611-0011. Information about
alternate formats is available from Educational Media and Services, University of Florida, PO Box 110810, Gainesville, FL 32611-0810.
This information was published as 4H FOM 10, which supercedes 4H-480, Florida Cooperative Extension Service.

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