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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Department of labor and human...
 Introduction
 Indice de precios al consumidor...
 Tablas estadisticas - Statistical...














Group Title: Informe estadístico
Title: Informe estadístico =
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078126/00001
 Material Information
Title: Informe estadístico = Statistical report
Uniform Title: Informe estadístico (Puerto Rico. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Alternate Title: Statistical report
Physical Description: v. : ; 23 x 29 cm.
Language: Spanish
Creator: Puerto Rico -- Bureau of Labor Statistics
Publisher: El Departamento
Place of Publication: San Juan Puerto Rico
Frequency: monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Labor supply -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Wages -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Hours of labor -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Consumer price indexes -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Prices -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Cost and standard of living -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
Industrial -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Puerto Rico   ( lcsh )
LABOUR   ( unbist )
EMPLOYMENT   ( unbist )
STATISTICS   ( unbist )
PUERTO RICO   ( unbist )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Puerto Rico
 Notes
Language: Spanish and English.
Statement of Responsibility: Departamento del Trabajo y Recursos Humanos, Negociado de Estadísticas del Trabajo.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with Jan. 1979 issue.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 1 (enero 1980).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078126
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05283505
lccn - 85650428

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Department of labor and human resources
        Page i
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Indice de precios al consumidor para todas las familias en Puerto Rico mayo de 1981 - Consumer price index for all families in Puerto Rico, May 1981
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Tablas estadisticas - Statistical tables
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page a
        Page b
        Page c
        Page d
        Page e
        Page f
        Page g
        Page h
        Page i
        Page j
        Page k
        Page l
        Page A-13
        Page n
Full Text


INFORMED


Vol. 3 Nlm. 6


JUNIOR JUNE
1981
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
DEPARTAMENTO DEL TRABAJO Y RECURSOS HUMANS DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND HUMAN RESOURCES
Negociado de Estadisticas del Trabajo Bureau of Labor Statistics











INFORMED
ESTADISTICO

STAT ISTI CAL
REPORT


Puerto Rico








DIEPARTAMNTO IEL 1RAIAJO Y iti:CiiN S ri:UiROS
DEPARTlENT OF !LABOR AND ?I!nMAN Ri'COURCCRS


1ii. Pedro Bar&z Rosario

Miguis A. Pr6spero Altiery

lien aiin Santiago Berrins


f;uillermo Solla Vslez


STAFF MEMBERS


Antlln Padilla Torres


Nnorm I. GonzAlez de FernAndez -


Anitoniii Sot* Rosario



Maria T. Santiago de Hlidalgo -


Jos6 T. Centeno Gonz!iez



ose F.. Pantoja Uquendo


- Scrertarric del Trabiaj-Sreretary of Labor

- SA.'tr't-ain AiJxiJ. iar Assistant SeTret;-iy

- Dir'ec~ r Negoci edo dc Estadistic.:
Pur eau of Labor Statistics

Sludirector Assistant Director


TEL FONOS- PilUNI:S


Jefe, Divisi6n de Estadistica Sobre Emplepo
Chief, Enployment Statistics Division

Jefe, Divisi6n de Coste de Vida
Chief, Cost of Living Division

Jefe, Divisibn de Estadisticas Sobre
el Grupo Trabajador
Chief, Labor Force Statistics Division

Jefe, Divisi6n Estudios Econ6micos
Especiales Chief, Special
Ecofnmic Studies Division


Jefe, Divisi6n de Andlisis de Salarins
y Estudios Ocupaciona]es Chief, Wage
Analysis and Occupational Studies Division

Jefe, Divisi6n de Personal de Campo
Chief, Field Operations Division


7511-S3 1


754-5347


75t4-5350f


751I -50 5


Area Cnde 8H(1


754-5315








INVO M E E TAD STIC STATISTICAL REPORT

VOL. 3 NUM. JUNIOR JUNE
1981



CONT'ENIDO CONTE NTS PAGINA PAGE


INTRODUCCION.............INTRODUCTION 1

R l UM NN. .... ... ...... ..SUMMARY 2

TAULAS ESTADIST'ICAS ...... STATISTICAL TABLES

Indice de Preciob al Consumidor 15
para Todab las Familias........
Consumer Price Index for
All Families

Indice de Precioa al Consualdor 22
para Pamilias Obreras..........
Consumer Price Index for Wage
Earners' Families 29

Empleo y Desempleo............
Employment and Unemployment

Empleo, Horas y Salarlos en las 33
Industries Manufactureras.......
Employment, Hours and Earnings
in the Manufacturing Industries 42

GRAFICAS............... GRAPHS

NOTAS ACLARATORIAS..... .EXPLANATORY NOTES









I NTRODUCC L !ON


La informacitn utilizada en este
inforne, fue obtenida por recopiladores
de iatos de este Negociado. Los datos
to ohtuvieron directamente de viviendas
catreviFtadas para Ia informcilOn de
c~pleo y desempleo; de establecimientos
maniitar.turero para los dales de empleo,
horas y salar.tos y de establecimientos
detlcados al come rcio al detal para el
lidlt:t1 de precious al consumidor.

;as tablas que se presentan sobre
Implco y desempleo contienen informaci6n
para la poblact6n civil no institutional
doi 16 aiaos y mAs por; sexo, edad, grupo
industrial principal y grupo ocupacional
principal.

L-as tablas sobre empleo, horas y
salarlos en las industries manufacture-
raf en Puerto Rico presentan datos so-
brt e'mpleo total, empleo de mujeres,
trralajadores de producci6n, salario pro-
medio por hora, horas semanales promedio,
salario semanal promedio y salaries reales.

Las tablas sobre Indice de precious
al (:onsuamidor contienen informacibn so-
bre esta Indolc, relacionadas con; gru-
po0 totals, areas geogrAficas y grupos
do articulos y servicios. Ademis se
presenta uno tabla relacionada con el
powder adqulsitivo del dtlar del consuumi-
dor para famillas obreras en Puerto Rico.


I T OD UCT 1 0 11


The information used in this rL-
port was obtained by the Bureau'a
field data collectors. Data was ob-
tained directly from etablibshents
engaged in the manufacturing industries
for employment, hours and earntnj:r,
establisthients engaged in the retail
trade industry for the cousumer pricv
index, and from the monthly survey of
of households interviewed for employ-
ment and unemployment information.

Employment and unemployment informa-
tion are based on the civilian nonisiti-
tutional population 16 years of age and
over; by sex, age, industry and occupa-
tional groups.


Tables on employment, hours and
earnings in the manufacturing Industries
in Puerto Rico present information on
total employment, female employment, pro-
duction workers, average hourly earnings,
average weekly hours, average weekly ear-
nings and real average hourly carnings.

Tables on consumer price index pre-
sent information about total groups, geo-
graphical areas and groups of it ;ms and
services. A tnble on the purchanirsn, po-
wer of the consumer dollar for waje. ear-
ner's families in Puerto Rico is alfo
included.









TNDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA
TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO
MAYO DE 1981
(1967=100)

El Indice de Precios al Consumidor para

Todas las Familias subi6 en 0.8 por ciento,

de 233.7 en abril a 235,5 en mayo. Entre mayo

de 1980 (213.3) y mayo de 1981 se registry un

alza de 10.4 por ciento. Esto significa que los

bienes y servicios comparados con $10.00 en el

periodo base 1967, costaron $23.55 en mayo de

1981 y $21.33 en mayo de 1980.

Con excepci6n de la baja de 0.1 por ciento

en Educaci6n y Recreo, hubo aunentos en los In-

dices de precious de los dem5s grupos principles

de bienes y servicios, a saber; Alojamiento (2.4%),

Otros Articulos y Servicios (0.5%), Cuidado Medico

(0.4%), Ropa y Servicios Relacionados (0.3%), Trans-

portacion (0.2%) y Alimentos y Bebidas (0.1%).

El indice de Alojamiento ascendi6 a 188.7 en

mayo, una cifra 2.4 por ciento mas alta que la de

abril 184.2.


CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL
FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO
MAY 1981
(1967=100)

The Consumer Price Index for All Families edged

up by 0.8 percent, from 233.7 in April to 235.5 in

May. Between May 1980 (213.3) and May 1981 there

was a rise of 10.4 percent. This means that goods

and services bought with $10.00 in 1967 base period,

cost $23.55 in May 1981 and $21.33 in May 1980.





With the exception of the drop of 0.1 percent

in Education and Recreation, there were advances in

the price indexes for the other major groups of goods

and services, namely: Housing (2.4%), Other goods

and Services (0.5%), Medical Care (0.4%), Apparel and

Upkeep (0.3%), Transportation (0.2%) and Food and

Beverages (0.1%).

The Housing index advanced to 188.7 in May, a

figure 2.4 percent higher than the one for April 184.2.








Este aumento se debi6 mayormente a alzas

registradas en la taza de interns hipotecario,

en el cargo por combustible de electricidad y

gas fluido. Entre ambos meses, se registraron

alzas en los siguientes subgrupos: Gastos en

Vivienda Propia (5.0%), Combustible y Otras

Utilidades (3.3%), Otros Articulos y Enseres del

Hogar; y Equipo de Cocina (0.7% cada uno), Mobi-

liarios y Equipo de Sonido (0.4%) y Textiles y

Plasticos (0.1%). Sin embargo, Articulos y

Servicios para el Cuidado del Hogar no varia.

El indice de otros Articulos y Servicios

alcanz6 un nivel de 181.0 en mayo, lo que revela

un aumento de 0.5 por ciento sobre la cifra de

abril ((180.1). Este se debi6 a alzas registradas

en los precious de cigarrillos, pasta y cepillos

de dientes.

El aumento en antibi6ticos y analg6sicos,

ocasion6 un incremento de 1.6 por ciento en el

subgrupo de Medicinas y Productos Relacionados,

efecto que hizo variar el indice de Cuidado Medico,


This increase was mainly due to rises in mort- 3

gage interest rates, fuel adjustment in electricity

and tank gas. Between both months, rises were

recorded in the following subgroups: Expenditures

in Self-Owned Home (5.0%), Fuel and Other Utilities

(3.3%), Other Housefurnighings and Supplies; and

Kitchen Equipment (0.7% each), Furniture and Sound

Equipment (0.4%) and Textiles and Plastics (0.1%).

However, Housekeeping Supplies and Services did not

change.



The index for Other Goods and Services reached

a level of 181.0 in May, which reveals an increase

of 0.5 percent above the April figure (180.1). This

was mainly caused by rises in cigarette prices, tooth-

paste and toothbrushes.



The rise in antibiotics and analgesics, caused

an increment of 1.6 percent in the Medicines and

Related Products subgroup which contributed to

change the Medical Care index,








4 de 265.1 en abril a 266.2 en mayo, o sea,

en 0.4 por ciento.

El Indice de Ropa y Servicios Relacio-

nados vari6 de 147.4 en abril a 147.8 en mayo,

o sea, un alza de 0.3 por ciento. Alzas regis-

tradas en los siguientes subgrupos fueron respon-

sables de ese aumento. Ropa de Infantes (1.0%),

Materiales para la Costura (0.7%), Accesorios y

Ropa de Mujer y Nina (0.4% cada uno), Servicios

de Cuidado de la Ropa y Ropa de Hombre y Nifio

(0.2% cada uno). Por otro lado, el indice de

Calzado se redujo en 0.2 por ciento.

El indice de transportaci6n subi6 de 278.9

en abril a 279.4 en mayo, o sea, en 0.2 por

ciento, como resultado de precious mis altos para

gasoline y autos nuevos. Esta situaci6n se refleja

directamente en el indice de transportaci6n

privada que aument6 en 0.2 por ciento.

El grupo de alimentos y bebidas subi6 leve-

mente, en 0.1 por ciento, de 276.3 en abril a

276.7 en mayo.


from 265.1 in April to 266.2 in May, or by 0.4

percent.

The Apparel and Upkeep index changed from 147.4

in April to 147.8 in May, or an upward movement of

0.3 percent. Increments registered in the indexes

for the following subgroups were responsible for

that increase: Infants Wear (1.0%), Sewing Mate-

rials (0.7%), Accessories and Women's and Girl's

Apparel (0.4% each), Apparel Services and Man's and

Boy's Apparel (0.2% each). Conversely, the Shoes

index declined by 0.2 percent.



The Transportation index, climbed, from 278.9

in April to 279.4 in May or by 0.2 percent, as a

result of higher prices for gasoline and new cars.

This situation is directly reflected in the private

transportation index which went up by 0.2 percent.



The Food and Beverages major group increased

slightly, by 0.1 percent, from 276.3 in April to

276.7 in May.









A pesar del aumento del 0.8 por ciento en

bebidas alcoh6licas, especfficamente en ron y

cerveza, este movimiento ascendente fue en

parte neutralizado por la baja de 0.3 por ciento

en los Alimentos Consumidos fuera de la casa.

Los siguientes subgrupos de alimentos

subieron en mayo: Cereales y Productos de Repos-

terfa (1.3%), Frutas y Vegetales; y Otros Alimentos

Consumidos en la Casa (0.2% cada uno). Por el

Contrario, hubo bajas en: Leche y Productos

Lacteos (0.4%); Alimentos Consumidos Fuera del

Hogar (0.3%); y Carnes, Aves, Pescado y Huevos

(0.1%).

El indice de Educaci6n y Recreo se redujo de

175.4 en abril a 175.3 en mayo, o sea, en 0.1

por ciento.

INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES
OBRERAS

El Indice de Precios al Consumidor para

Families Obreras, fue 235.5 en mayo, lo que

implica alzas de 0.8 y 10.3 por ciento con


In spite of the advance of 0.8 percent in Alco-

holic Beverages, specifically in rum and beer, this

upward trend was partially offset by the 0.3 percent

drop in Food Away From Home.



The following food subgroups moved up in May:

Cereals and Bakery Products (1.3%), Fruits and Vege-

tables; and Other Food at Home (0.2% each). On the

Oppsosite, there were reductions in: Dairy Products

(0.4%); Food Away From Home (0.3%); and Meats Poultry,

Fish and Eggs (0.1%).





The Education and Recreation price index

declined from 175.4 in April to 175.3 in May, or by

0.1 percent.

CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES


The Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners'

Families' was 235.5 in May, which means increases

of 0.8 and 10.3 percent in relation to the figures







Q3 relaci6n a las cifras correspondientes a abril

(233.7) y mayo de 1980 (213.5).

A base de esas cifras, el poder adquisi-

tivo del d61ar del consumidor fue de cuarenta

y dos centavos en mayo de 1981 y de cuarenta y

siete centavos en mayo de 1980, al compararse

con su valor de cien centavos en el 1967.

En mayo, con excepci6n de la baja de 0.1

por ciento en el grupo de Educaci6n y Recreo,

los demos ascendieron del siguiente modo: Alo-

jamiento (2.5%), Otros Articulos y Servicios

(0.5%), Cuidado MEdico (0.4%), Ropa y Servicios

Relacionados (0.3%), Transportaci6n (0.2%); y

Alimentos y Bebidas (0.1%).

El indice de precio de Alojamiento aument6

en 2.5 por ciento, de 184.5 en abril a 189.1 en

mayo. Esto se debi6 a incrementos registrados

en los indices de los siguientes subgrupos:

Gastos en Vivienda Propia (5.4%), Combustible y

Otras Utilidades (3.6%), Otros Articulos y Enseres

del Hogar (0.6%), Equipo de Cocina (0.5%),


corresponding to April (233.7) and May 1980 (213.5).



On the basis'of those figures, the purchasing

power of the Wage Earners' dollar was forty two cents

in May and forty seven cents in May 1980, when com-

pared with the dollar which was worth a hundred cents

in 1967.

In May, with the exception of the 0.1 percent

drop in Education and Recration group, the rest moved

up in the following manner: Housing (2.5%), Other

goods and Services (0.5%), Medical Care (0.4%), Apparel

and Upkeep (0.3%), Transportation (0.2%); and Food

and Beverages (0.1%).



The Housing price index increased by 2.5 percent,

from 184.5 in April to 189.1 in May. This was due to

rises registered in the indexes for the following

subgroups: Expenditures in Self-Owned Home (5.4%),

Fuel and Other Utilities (3.6%), Other Housefurnishings

and Supplies (0.6%), Kitchen Equipment (0.5%), Furni-

ture and Sound Equipment; and Textiles and Plastics

.'01 I? oarhM







Moviliario y Equipo de Sonido; y Textiles y

Plasticos (0.1% cada uno). Los demos subgrupos

no cambiaron.

El rengl6n de Otros Articulos y Servicios

registry un alza de 0.5 por ciento, de 180.5 en

abril a 181.4 en mayo. Precios mas altos para

cigarrillos contribuyeron a este movimiento

ascendente.

La categoria de Cuidado Medico subi6 en 0.4

por ciento, de 263.6 en abril a 264.6 en abril a

264.6 en mayo. Precios mns altos de antibioticos

y analggsicos fueron responsables de esta trayec-

toria ascendente.

El indice de Ropa y Servicios Relacionados

fluctu6 de 146.9 en abril a 147.3 en mayo, o sea,

un alza de 0.3 por ciento. La gnica baja, de

0.2 por ciento, se reflej6 en el Indice de calzado.

Los demas subgrupos aumentaron como sigue: Ropa

de Infantes (1.2%), Ropa de Mujer y Niia; y Mate-

riales para la Costura (0.4% cada uno), Accesorios

(0.3%), Servicio de Cuidado de la Ropa y Ropa de

Hombre y Nifio (0.2% cada uno).


The remaining subgroups did not change. I





The group for Other Goods and Services regis-

tered a rise of 0.5 percent, from 180.5 in April to

181.4 in May. Higher prices for cigarettes account

for this upward trend.



The Medical Care category climbed by 0.4
-2
percent, from 263.6 in April to 264.6 in May. Hi-

gher prices for antibiotics and analgesic were

responsible for this upward trend.



The Apparel and Upkeep index changed from

146.9 in April to 147.3 in May, or a rise of 0.3

percent. The only drop, of 0.2 percent, was

recorded in the Shoes index. The remaining

subgroups advanced as follows: Infants' Wear (1.2%),

Women's and Girls' Apparel; and Sewing Materials

(0.4% each), Accessories (0.3%), Apparel Services

and Men's and Boys' Apparel (0.2% each).








Las agrupaciones principles de Transportaci6n;

y Alimentos y Bebidas subieron levemente en 0,2 y

0.1 por ciento, respectivamente, El indice del

primero subi6 de 279.4 en abril a 279.9 en marzo y

el del segundo, de 277.6 a 277.8, Cabe seialar,

el aumento :significativo de 1.0 por ciento en

Bebidas Alcoh6licas, registrado durante el period

de referencia.

Se registraron alzas en los siguientes suh-

grupos de alimentos; Cereales y Productos de

Reposteria (1,3%), Frutas y Vegetales (0.2%),

Otros Alimentos Consumidos en la Casa (0.1%), Sin

embargo, hubo bajas en: Leche y Productos Lieteos

(-0.4%), Alimentos Consumidos Fuera de la Casa,

(0.3%); y Carnes, Aves, Pescado, y Huevos 10,2Z),

La agrupaci6n restante de Educaci6n y Recreo

se redujo en 0,1 por ciento, de 174,7 en abril a

174.5 en mayo.

SITUATION DE EMPLEO Y DESEMPLEO
Mayo de 1981

Las cifras sobre la situaci6n de empleo para

el mes de mayo de 1981 muestran una disminuci6n


The transportation; and Food and Beverages major

categories rose slightly by 0,2 and 0.1 percent, res-

pectively, The index for the first one moved up

from 279,4 in April to 279,9 in May and the second,

from 277,6 to 277,8. It is worth mentioning, the

remarkable 1,0 percent increase in Alcoholic Beve-

rages, recorded during the reference period.



Advances were registered in the following food

subgroups; Cereals and Bakery Products (1,3%), Fruits

and Vegetables (.0,2%), Other Food at Home C(,1%). Never-

theless, there were drops in; Dairy Products C0,4%),

Food Away From Home C0.3%); and Meats, Poultry, Fish

and Eggg (0,2%1.



The remaining category for Education and Recreation

decreased by 0,1 percent, from 174.7 in April to 174.5

in May,

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT SITUATION
May 1981

The figures on the employment situation in May

1981 show a decline in the employment level and a







en el nivel de empleo y un alza en la tasa

de desempleo.

El empleo total correspondiente al mes de

mayo de 1981 se estimo en 831,000 personas.

Esta cifra represent una disminuci6n de 14,000

en comparaci6n con el mes anterior en el que se

registraron 844,000 empleos. La mayor part de

esta reduccion en el nivel de empleo correspon-

diente al sector femenino, el cual disminuy6 en

9,000 personas, mientras que en los varones la

merma fue de 4,000.

Los cambios mis significativos por sector

industrial ocurrieron en Administraci6n PGblica

y Agriculture con reducciones de 7,000 y 5,000

empleos respectivamente. En comparaci6n con el

mes de mayo del ano pasado la reducci6n fue de

11,000 personas.

Al ajustar las cifras estacionalmente, se

observe que el total de personas empleadas para

mayo del present afo fue de 827,000, o sea,

una baja de 12,000 personas en comparaci6n con


rise in the unemployment rate.


The total employment corresponding to May 1981

was estimated at 831,000 persons. This figure repre-

sents a reduction of 14,000 in regard to previous

month when 844,000 jobs were registered. Most of this

employment reduction was centered in the female group

that decreased by 9,000 persons, meanwhile the reduc-

tion in the male group was 4,000.





The most significant changes by industry group

occurred in Public Administration and Agriculture with

declines of 7,000 and 5,000 jobs respectively. In

regard to May of the past year there was a decline

of 11,000 persons.



After adjusting for seasonality it is observed

that the total number of employed persons in May

of the present year was 827,000, that is, a decrease

of 12,000 persons compared to May of the past year








10 mayo del aio pasado (839,000).

La tasa de desempleo aument6 de 18.5 en

abril a 18.8 por ciento en mayo del present

afo. Para mayo de 1980 este por ciento se

estim6 en 16.4.

La tasa de desempleo para los varones no

reflej6 cambio, mientras que para las hembras

aumento de 13.4 en abril a 14.1 en mayo de 1981.

El total de desempleados se mantuvo en

192,000 personas comparado con el pasado mes de

abril. Para mayo de 1980 el nimero de desemple-

ados fue de 165,000.

Mas de la mitad de los desempleados se con-

centraron en las industries de Manufactura, Admi-

nistraci6n Publica y Construcci6n.

Al ajustar las cifras estacionalmente, tanto

el n6mero de desempleados como la tasa de desempleo

registraron aumento en sus niveles,

El grupo trabajador para mayo de 1981 se

estim6 en 1,023,000 personas, lo que refleja una

disminucion de 13,000 comparado con el mes anterior

(1,036,000).


(839,000).

The unemployment rate increased from 18.5 in

April to 18.8 percent in May of the present year.

In May 1980 this percent was estimated at 16.4.



The unemployment rate within the males remained

unchanged, meanwhile within females it increased I

from 13.4 in April to 14.1 in May 1981.

The unemployment total remained at 192,000

persons compared to the past April. In May 1980

the number of unemployed was 165,000.



More than half of these unemployed were

centered in the following industries: Manufacturing,

Public Administration and Construction.

After adjusting for seasonality, both, the

number of unemployed and the unemployment rate

registered increases in their levels.

The labor force in May 1981 was estimated at

1,023,000 persons showing a decline of 13,000

compared to the previous month (1,036,000).








La tasa de participaci6n disminuy6 de 43.8

en abril a 43.1 por ciento en mayo del corriente

ano.

EMPLEO, HORAS Y SALARIES
EN LAS INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURERS
DE PUERTO RICO: ABRIL 1981


El empleo total en las industries manu-

factureras se estim6 en 156,600 en abril de 1981.

Esto represent un aumento de 1,200 con respect a

la cifra registrada en marzo de 1981 (155,400) y

de 400 con respect a abril de 1980 (156,200).

Los aumentos en empleo mas significativos

durante el aio se registraron en los grupos indus-

triales de alimentos y products anilogos (1,900);

maquinaria, equipo y efectos electricos (900);

maquinaria, except el6ctrica; y equipo de trans-

porte (500); y refinerias de petroleo e industries

relacionadas; products de goma y products plasticos

miscelineos (400). Por otro lado, se registraron

reducciones importantes en los grupos de instru-

mentos profesionales y cientificos y products


The participation rate dropped from 43.8 in 1

April to 43.1 percent in May of the percent year.



EMPLOYMENT, HOURS AND EARNINGS
IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
IN PUERTO RICO: APRIL 1981


Total employment in the manufacturing indus-

tries was estimated at 156,000 for April 1981. This

represents an increase of 1,200 regarding the figure

registered in March 1981 (155,400) and of 400 in

relation to April 1980 (156,200).

Significant increases in employment during the

year were registered in the following industrial

groups: food and kindred products (1,900); elec-

trical machinery, equipment and supplies (900);

machinery, except electrical and transportation

equipment (500); petroleum refining and related

industries; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products

(400). On the other hand, important decreases were

registered in the industrial groups of professional

and scientific instruments and allied products








12 relacionados (1,500); ropa y products anglogos

(1,100); productoa textiles (700); y products de

metal (700).

El empleo total ajustado estacionalmente se

estim6 en 154,400 en abril de 1981. Las cifras

correspondientes para marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980

fueron 155,200 y 154,100 respectivamente.

Para abril de 1981 el numero de mujeres empleadas

en las industries manufacturers fue de 75,100. La

cifra correspondiente para marzo de 1981 fue 74,000

y para abril de 1980 fue 76,100.

El numero de trabajadores de producci6n dedicados

a las actividades manufacturers aument6 en 900 de

marzo de 1981 (125,300) a abril de 1981 (126,200).

Para abril de 1980 la cifra fue 127,700.

El salario promedio por hora de los trabajadores

de produccion para abril de 1981 fue $4.34. Los pro-

medios correspondientes para marzo de 1981 y abril

de 1980 fueron $4.33 y $3.94 respectivamente.

El salorio semanal promedio se estim6 en $161.88

en abril de 1981 y en $166.70 para marzo de 1981.


(1,500); apparel and related products (1,100); tex-

tile mill products (700); and metal products (700).



Total employment, seasonally adjusted was estima-

ted at 154,400 for April 1981. Corresponding figures

for March 1981 and April 1980 were 155,200 and

154,100, respectively.

The number of employed woman for April 1981 in

the manufacturing industries was 75,100. The corres-

ponding figure for March 1981 was 74,000 and 76,000

for April 1980.

The number of production workers employed in

the manufacturing industries increased by 900 from

March 1981 (125,300) to April 1981 (126,200). There

were 127,700 production workers in April 1980.

Average hourly earnings for production workers

in Arpil 1981 was $4.34. Corresponding averages for

March 1981 and April 1980 were $4.33 and $3.94, res-

pectively. Average weekly earnings were estimated

at $161.88 in April 1981 and in $166.70 for March

1981.







Para abril de 1980 el promedio fue $148.93.

El promedio de horas trabajadas a la

semana por los trabajadores de producci6n fue

37.3 en abril de 1981. Los promedios corres-

pondientes para marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980

fueron 38.5 y 37.8, respectivamente.

ESTABLECIMIENTOS PROMOVIDOS
POR LA ADMINISTRATION DE FOMENTO ECONOMIC

El empleo total en los establecimientos

manufacturers promovidos pro la Administraci6n

de Fomento Econ6mico aument6 en 1,300 de marzo

de 1981 (130,000) a abril de 1981 (131,300). La

cifra correspondiente para abril de 1980 fue

131,700.

El nGmero de mujeres empleadas en los esta-

blecimientos promovidos ascendi6 a 70,700 en abril

de 1981. Para marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980 habia

69,700 y 71,900 mujeres empleadas en estos esta-

blecimientos.

En abril de 1981 se registraron 110,100 traba-

jadores de producci6n en los establecimientos pro-

movidos par la Administraci6n de Fomento Econ6mico.


Average for April 1980 was $148.93. -3

Average weekly hours worked by production workers

was 37.3 in April 1981. Corresponding averages for

March 1981 and April 1980 was 38.5 and 37.8, respec-

tively.



ESTABLISHMENTS PROMOTED
BY THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

Total employment in establishments promoted by the

Economic Development Administration increased by 1,300

from March 1981 (130,000) to April 1981 (131,300). The

corresponding figure for April 1980 was 131,700.





The number of employed women within promoted esta-

blishments amounted to 70,700 in Arpil 1981. For March

1981 and April 1981 there were 69,700 and 71,900 employed

women in these establishments.



Arpil 1981 recorded 110,100 production workers in

establishments promoted by the economic Development

Administration.











Las cifras correspondientes para marzo de 1981

y abril de 1980 fueron 109,100 y 111,400, res-

pectivamente.

El salario promedio por hora y el salario

semanal promedio se estim6 en $4.38 y $163.37 en

abril de 1981. Para este mes, el promedio de

horas trabajadas a la semana ascendi6 a 37.3.

El empleo total ajustado estacionalmente

en los establecimientos promovidos fue 130,500

en abril de 1981. Las cifras correspondientes

para marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980 fueron

130,800 y 131,000, respectivamente.


The corresponding figures for March 1981 and

April 1980 were 109,100 and 111,400, respectively.



The average hourly earnings and the average

weekly earnings for April 1981 were estimated at

$4.38 and $163.37. Average weekly hours, for this

month, increased to 37.3.

Total employment, seasonally adjusted within

promoted establishments was 130,500 in April 1981.

Corresponding figures for March 1981 and April 1980

were 130,800 and 131,000, respectively.




15
Tabla INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO, MAYO DE 1981. TODOS LOS GRUPOS Y
GRUPOS ESPECIALES, INDICES Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO POR FECHAS SELECCIONADAS

Table 1 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO, MAY 1981. ALL ITEMS AND SPECIAL GROUPS,
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR DATES



Indices Indexes Porcentajes de cambio hasta mayo
(1967 100) de 1981 desde:
Grupos de artIculos Percent changes to May 1981 fro Groups of items
y servicios
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980
TODOS LOS GRUPOS 235.5 233.7 231.6 213.3 0.8 1.7 10.4 ALL ITEMS
Mercaderlas 240.4 239.6 238.5 220.8 0.3 0.8 8.9 Commodities
Servicios 224.2 219.6 214.6 193.5 2.1 4.5 15.9 Services
Alguileres de viviendas 110.9 a/ 110.9 a 110.9 109.6 Residential rents

a/ Corresponde a marzo de 1981. Los datos de alquileres se obtienen para los trimestres que terminan en marzo, junio,
septiembre y diciembre. Corresponds to March 1981. Rent data are obtained for the quarters ending in March, June,
September and December.
b/ Corresponde a marzo de 1980. Corresponds to March 1980.




Tabla PODER ADQUISITIVO DEL DOLAR DEL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO PARA
MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS
Z-
Table PURCHASING POWER OF THE CONSUMER DOLLAR FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES



1967 = $1.00
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March Ma
198 11981 1981 190
Poder adquisitivo del dl6ar Purchasing power of the
del consumidor $0.42 $0.43 $0.43 $0.47 consumer dollar
Para caIlar a1 e r i d l l i0 i .. .. i A


por el Indice de
divide the index


p a qu s vo e ar e consume or a cua qu er otra ase, vida el ndi
for the desired base date by the index for the comparison date.


ue La fecha base ueseada
dollar on any other base









Table 3 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PAPA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO
DE GRUPOS PRINCIPLES POR AREAS 1/ PARA MAYO DE 1981


Table 3 CONSUMER


PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES
BY AREAS 1/ FOR


IN PUERTO RICO OF MAJOR GROUPS
MAY 1981


AREAS
Grupos de articulos Groups of items
y servicios Metropolitana Costanera Oeste Central Este Central
Metropolitan Coastal West Central East Central
2/ 3/ 4/ 5/

TODOS LOS GRUPOS 233.4 236.8 237.3 244.8 ALL ITEMS

ALIMENTOS Y BEBIDAS 267.2 277.6 278.1 282.8 FOOD AND BEVERAGES

ALOJAMIENTO 186.7 181.9 177.8 215.6 HOUSING

ROPA Y SERVICIOS RELACIONADOS 132.5 156.1 153.9 150.9 APPAREL AND UPKEEP

TRANSPORTATION 272.5 276.6 272.2 297.3 TRANSPORTATION

CUIDADO MEDICO 6/ 109.1 110.8 105.7 109.6 MEDICAL CARE 6/

EDUCATION Y RECREO 6/ 108.1 107.8 105.8 106.1 EDUCATION AND RECREATION 6/

OTROS ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS 6/ 112.6 112.1 112.2 112.8 OTHER GOODS AND SERVICES 6/


1/ Los indices de areas no miden diferencias en niveles de
s6lo indica que los precious en un area han cambiado mas
perlodo base.
Area indexes do not measure differences in price levels
prices in one area have changed relatively more or less
2/ Los precious se recopilan en San Juan y Bayam6n. Prices


precious entire areas. La comparacion entire Indices de areas
o menos que en otra area, en terminos relatives, desde el

between areas. Comparison of area indexes shows only that
than in another area, since the base period.
are collected in San Juan and Bayam6n.


Los precious se recopilan en Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco y Vega Alta. Prices are collected in
Ponce, Maypguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco and Vega Alta.
Los precious se recopilan en Utuado y Jayuya. Prices are collected in Utuado and Jayuya.
Los precious se recopilan en Caguas y Aibonito. Prices are collected in Caguas and Aibonito.
Base: Diciembre 1979 = 100. December 1979 = 100.











Tabla 4 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO POR GRDPOS DE ARTICULOS Y
SERVICIOS Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS

Table 4 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES


Porcentajes de cambio
Indices Indexes hasta mayo de 1981
(1967 = 100) desde: Percent changes
Grupos de art'culos to May 1981 from: Groups of items
y servicios -
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980 _____. .

TODOS LOS GRUPOS 235.5 233.71231.6 213.3 0.8 1.7 10.4 ALL ITEMS

Alimentos y Bebidas 276.7 276.3 275.5 252.4 0.1 0.4 9.6 Food and Beverages

Alimentos en General 278.2 278.1 277.7 252.5 7/ 0.2 10.2 Foods

Alimentos consumidos en la casa 277.1 276.8 276.3 251.0 0.1 0.3 10.4 Food at home

Leche y products lacteos 272.9 274.1 273.8 246.7 0.4 -0.3 10.6 Dairy products
Cereales y products de reposteria 272.9 269.4 266.7 223.2 1.3 2.3 22.3 Cereals and bakery products
Carnes, aves, pescado y huevos 283.9 284.3 284.7 264.3 0.1 -0.3 7.4 Meats, poultry, fish and eggs
Frutas y vegetables 305.1 304.6 300.9 271.8 0.2 1.4 12.3 Fruits and vegetables
Otros alimentos consumidos en la 262.1 261.6 263.3 243.3 0.2 -0.5 7.7 Other food at home 1/
casa 1/

Alimentos consumidos fuera de la casa 292.8 293.6 293.2 268.1 0.3 -0.1 9.2 Food away from home

Bebidas Alcoh6licas 182.2 180.7 178.5 171.8 0.8 2.1 6.1 Alcoholic Beverages













Tabla 4 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y
SERVICIOS Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 4 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')



Porcentajes de cambio
Indices Indexes hasta mayo de 1981 desde:
(1967 = 100)
Grupos de articulos Percent changes to May
y servicios 1981 from: Groups of items
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980 __


ALOJAMIENTO 2/

Albergue

Alquileres de viviendas
Alojamiento fuera del hogar
Gastos en vivienda propia

Enseres del hogar y servicios

Combustible y otras utilidades
Textiles y plisticos
Mobiliario y equipo de sonido
Equipo de cocina
Articulos y servicios para el
cuidado del hogar 3/
Otros artfculos y enseres del
hogar


188.7

168.8

110.9-
208.9
229.0

194.8

179.7
155.4
166.3
195.5
114.9

227.7


184.2

162.7
t 5
110.95
208.9
218.0

191.9

173.1
155.2
165.6
194.2
114.9

226.2


179.6

159.5

1 10.9
208.9
212.4

186.3

161.8
154.8
165.2
193.4
114.9

224.2


163.9

141.8

109.6
202.6
181.9

173.1

144.3
151.0
158.7
182.9
109.3

211.2


2.4

3.7


0
5.0

1.5

3.3
0.1
0.4
0.7
0

0.7


5.1

5.8


0
7.8

4.6

11.1
0.4
0.7
1.1
0


1.6


15.1

19.0


3.1
25.9

12.5

24.5
2.9
4.8
6.9
5.1

7.8


HOUSING 2/

Shelter

Residential rents
Lodging away from home
Expenditures in self-owned home

Housefurnishings and services

Fuel and other utilities
Textiles and plastics
Furniture and sound.equipment
Kitchen equipment
Housekeeping supplies and
services 3/
Other housefurnishings and
supplies


A _II I I I I









Tabla 4 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y 19
SERVICIOS Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 4 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')


a~~hc U-- lI l -~~---~L


Grupos de articulos
y servicios


ROPA Y SERVICIOS RELACIONADOS

Ropa de mujer y nifas
Ropa de hombres y nifos
Ropa de infants 3/
Calzado
Accesorios
Materiales para la costura
Servicio de cuidado de la ropa

CUIDADO MEDICO

Medicinas y products relacionados
Servicios profesionales 3/
Otros servicios medicos 3/

EDUCATION Y RECREO

Artlculos de entretenimiento 3/
Servicios recreativos 3/
Gastos educacionales 3/


Indices Indexes
(1967 = 100)


Mayo
May
1981


147.8

132.5
157.0
117.1
140.1
132.2
184.3
262.8

266.2

277.4
105.9
108.2

175.3

108.0
106.5
107.4


Abril
April
1981


147.4

132.0
156.7
115.9
140.4
131.7
183.0
262.3

265.1

273.1
105.9
108.2

175.4

107.7
106.5
107.8


Marzo
March
1981


146.9

131.4
'156.1
114.5
140.4
131.7
179.5
262.3

264.5

270.8
105.9
108.2

175.4

107.5
106.9
107.8


Mayo
May
1980


141.3

127.4
149.7
104.4
135.5
127.2
173.1
249.9

251.4

255.3
102.8
i101.5

167.3

103.7
103.0
101.4


Porcentajes de cambio
hasta mayo de 1981
desde: Percent changes
to fMay 1981 frc.:
......


Abril
April
1981


0.3

0.4
0.2
1.0
-0.2
0.4
0.7
0.2

0.4

1.6
0
0

-0.1

0.3
0
-0.4


Marzo
March
1981


Mayo
May
1980


Groups of items


I -tJ- U --1 -~- -


0.6

0.8
0.6
2.3
-0.2
0.4
2.7
0.2

0.6

2.4
0
0

-0.1

0.5
-0.4
-0.4


____________________________________ f l-t E


4.6

4.0
4.9
12.2
3.4
3.9
6.5
5.2

5.9

8.7
3.0
6.6

4.8

4.1
3.4
5.9


APPAREL AND UPKEEP

Women's and girls' apparel
Men's and boys' apparel
Infants' wear 3/
Footwear
Accessories
Sewing materials
Apparel services

MEDICAL CARE

Medicines and related products
Professional services 3/
Other medical services 3/

EDUCATION AND RECREATION

Entertainment goods 3/
Recreatives services 3/
Educational expenses 3/


I


i- rr ----- -- ---- -~i-








20 Tabla 4 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODASAS LS FAMILIESS EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y
SERVICIOS Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYOO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 4 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')


Porcentajes de cambio
Grupos de articulos Indices Indexes hasta mayo de 1981
y servicios (1967 = 100) desde; Percent chan- Groups of items
servicios Mam 19p] from? Groups of items
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980

OTROS ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS 4/ 181.0 180.1 178.1 170.1 0.5 1.6 6.4 OTHER GOODS AND SERVICES 4/

Otros gastos miscelaneos 180.9 181.0 180.9 173.8 0.1 0 4.1 Other miscellaneous expenses
Tabaco y products relacionados 279.2 276.7 266.6 260.3 0.9 4.7 7.3 Tobacco and related products
Cuidado personal 200.9 199.6 198.6 186.3 0.7 1.2 7.8 Personal care

TRANSPORTACION 279.4 278.9 278.0 246.8 0.2 0.5 13.2 TRANSPORTATION

Transportaci6n privada 277.9 277.3 276.1 247.8 0.2 0.7 12.1 Private transportation
Transportaci6n pGblica 282.0 282.0 282.0 236.5 0 0 19.2 Public transportation


1/ Previo al 1980 inclula huevos. Prior to 1980 eggs were included.
2/ El Indice al consumidor para Todas las Familias incluye television y equipo de sonido. The consumer price index for
All Families includes television and sound equipment.
3/ Diciembre de 1979 = 100. December 1979 = 100.
4/ Previo a 1980 inclula servicio de entierro, billetes de loteria y alimentos para aves. Incluye tabaco, cuidado personal
y otros gastos miscelineos. Prior to 1980 funeral services were included, lottery tickets and poultry food. Includes
tobacco, personal care and other miscellaneous expenses.
5/ Corresponde a marzo de 1981. Los datos de alquileres se obtienen para los trimestres que terminan en marzo, junior,
septiembre y diciembre. Corresponds to March 1981. Rent data are obtained for the quarters ending in March, June,
September and December.
6/ Corresponde a marzo de 1980. Corresponds to March 1980.
7/ Alza menor de 0.05%. .Rise less than 0.05%.









INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES EN PUERTO RICO POR AREAS 1/
Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS


CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR ALL
FOR MAY


FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY AREAS 1/ AND PERCENT CHANGES
1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES


Porcentajes de cambio hasta
Indices Indexes mayo de 1981 desde:
(1967 100)
Percent changes to May 1981 from
AREAS __ AREAS
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980
PUERTO RICO 235.5 233.7 231.6 213.3 0.8 1.7 10.4 PUERTO RICO

Area Metropolitana 2/ 233.4 231.1 229.1 209.9 1.0 1.9 11.2 Metropolitan Area 2/

Area Costanera 3/ 236.8 235.2 232.8 214.7 0.7 1.7 10.3 Coastal Area 3/

Area Oeste Central 4/ 237.3 235.7 233.9 218.3 0.7 1.5 8.7 West Central Area 4/

Area Este Central 5/ 244.8 243.3 240.8 221.7 0.6 1.7 10.4 East Central Area 5/


1/ Los indices de areas no miden diferencias en niveles de precious entire areas. La comparaci6n entire Indices de areas s6lo
indica que los precious en un area han cambiado mas o menos que en otra area, en tErminos relatives, desde el perlodo base.
Area indexes do not measure differences in price levels between areas. Comparison of area indexes shows only that prices
in one area have changed relatively more or less than in another area, since the base period.
2/ Los precious se recopilan en San Juan y Bayam6n. Prices are collected in San Juan and Bayam6n.
3/ Los precious se recopilan en Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco y Vega Alta. Prices are collected in Ponce,
Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco and Vega Alta.
4/ Los precious se recopilan en Utuado y Jayuya. Prices are collected in Utuado and Jayuya.
5/ Los precious se recopilan en Caguas y Aibonito. Prices are collected in Caguas and Aibonito.


Tabla 5


table 5





22
Tabla 6


Table 6 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO, MAY
INDEXES AND PERCENT CHANGES FOR DATES


1981. ALL ITEMS AND SPECIAL GROUPS,.


Indices Indexes Porcentajes de cambio hasta
Indices Indexes
mayo de 1981 desde:
Grupos de articulos Percent changes to May 1981
y servicios from: Groups of items
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
11 11981 119 198 Iq01 QI Ig g 19-n
TODOS LOS GRUPOS 235.5 233.7 231.6 213.5 0.8 1.7 10.3 ALL ITEMS
Mercaderfas 241.0 240.3 239.3 221.3 0.3 0.7 8.9 Commodities
Servicios 224.1 218.5 212.0 191.6 2.6 5.7 17.0 Services
Alquileres de viviendas 110.9 a/ 110.9 a/ 110.9 109.7 b/ Residential rents

a/ Corresponde a marzo de 1981. Los datos de alquileres se obtienen para los trimestres que terminan en marzo, junior,
septiembre y diciembre. Corresponds to March 1981. Rent data are obtained for the quarters ending in March, June,
September and December.
b/ Corresponde a marzo de 1980. Corresponds to March 1980.


-7
Tabla 7 PODER ADQUISITIVO DEL DOLAR DEL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO PARA
MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS
7
Table 7 PURCHASING POWER OF THE CONSUMER DOLLAR FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO FOR
MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES


1967 = $1.00
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May
91 __1981 1981 1980
Poder adquisitivo del d6lar Purchasing power of the
del consumidor $0.42 $0.43 $0.43 $0.47 consumer dollar

Para calcular el poder adquisitivo del d6lar del consumidor a cualquier otra base, divida el indice de la fecha base deseada
por el fndice de la fecha que se quiere comparar. To compute the purchasing power of the consumer dollar on any other base
divide the index for the desired base date by the index for the comparison date.


INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO, MAYO DE 1981. TODOS LOS GRUPOS Y
GRUPOS ESPECIALES, INDICES Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO POR rECHAS SELECCIONADAS







Tabla 8 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO DE GRUPOS
PRINCIPLES POR AREAS 1/ PARA MAYO DE 1981


Table 8 CONSUMER


PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO OF MAJOR GROUPS BY
AREAS 1/ FOR MAY 1981


AREAS
Grupos de articulos _______
Groups of items
y servicios letropolitana Costanera Oeste Central Este Central
Metropolitan Coastal West Central East Central
2/ 3/ 4/ 5/

TODOS LOS GRUPOS 233.4 237.7 239.9 242.3 ALL ITEMS

ALIMENTOS Y BEBIDAS 272.6 277.5 279.8 282.2 FOOD AND BEVERAGES

ALOJAMIENTO 186.0 185.6 181.0 212.5 HOUSING

ROPA Y SERVICIOS RELACIONADOS 132.8 154.5 152.2 151.4 APPAREL AND UPKEEP

TRANSPORTATION 271.1 279.2 283.6 290.1 TRANSPORTATION

CUIDADO MEDICO 6/ 108.6 110.0 105.5 108.6 MEDICAL CARE 6/

EDUCATION Y RECREO 6/ 107.5 107.5 104.8 106.0 EDUCATION AND RECREATION 6/

OTROS ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS 6/ 113.1 112.2 111.4 117.5 OTHER GOODS AND SERVICES 6/


1/ Los Indices de areas no miden diferencias en niveles de precious entire areas. La comparaci6n entire indices de areas
s6lo indica que los precious en un area han cambiado mas o menos que en otra area, en t6rminos relatives, desde el
perlodo base.
Area indexes do not measure differences in price levels between areas. Comparison of area indexes shows only that
prices in one area have changed relatively more or less than in another area, since the base period.
2/ Los precious se recopilan en San Juan y Bayam6n. Prices are collected in San Juan and Bayam6n.
3/ Los precious se recopilan en Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco y Vega Alta. Prices are collected in Ponce,
Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco and Vega Alta.
4/ Los precious se recopilan en Utuado y Jayuya. Prices are collected in Utuado and Jayuya.
5/ Los precious se recopilan en Caguas y Aibonito. Prices are collected in Caguas and Aibonito.
6/ Base: Diciembre 1979 100. December 1979 = 100.










Tabla 9 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS
Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 9 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES
FOR MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')


II


Grupos de articulos
y servicios


TODOS LOS GRUPOS

Alimentos y Bebidas

Alimentos en General

Alimentos consumidos en la casa

Leche y products lacteos
Cereales y products de reposteria
Carnes, aves, pescado y huevos

Frutas y vegetables
Otros alimentos consumidos en la
casa 1/

Alimentos consumidos fuera de la casa

Bebidas Alcoh6licas


Indices Indexes
(1967 = 100)


Mayo
May
1981


Abril
April
1981


Marzo
March
1981


Mayo
May
1980


Porcentajes de cam-
bio hasta mayo de
1981 desde:
Percent changes to


IlMay 1981 from:


Abril
April
1981


Marzo
March
1981


Mayo
May
1980


Groups of items


a i 1 _____ .1 _____ Ii _____ .1 1 11 __________________________


235.5

277.8

278.5

278.0

273.9
272.9
283.9

306.3
261.7


290.1

183.8


233.7

277.6

278.5

277.8

275.1
269.4
284.5

305.7
261.4


291.1

181.9


231.6

277.0

278.1

277.4

275.0
266.9
284.9

302.0
263.3


290.5

180.3


213.5

253.2

253.3

251.5

247.5
222.9
264.5

271.7
243.7


270.5

172.4


0.8

0.1

0

0.1

-0.4
1.3
-0.2

0.2
0.1


-0.3

1.0


1.7

0.3

0.1

0.2

-0.4
2.2
-0.4

1.4
-0.6


-0.1

1.9


10,3

9.7

9.9

10.5

10.7
22.4
7.3

12.7
7.4


7.2

6.6


ALL ITEMS

Food and Beverages

Food

Food at home

Dairy products
Cereals and bakery product
Meats, poultry, fish and
eggs
Fruits and vegetables
Other food at home 1/


Food away from home

Alcoholic Beverages


11 I = I= U


"












Tabla 9 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS
Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 9 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT CHANGES


FOR MAY


1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')


Porcentajes de cam-
Indices Indexes bio hasta mayo de
Gruos de artuos (1967 = 100) 1981 desde:
Groups de artculos Percent changes to Groups of items
y servicios _May 1981 from:
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
........1981 L1981- 1981 1980 1981 1. 198 1980 ---------- --------

ALOJAMIENTO 2/ 189.1 184.5 179.5 164.0 2.5 5.3 15.3 HOUSING 2/

Albergue 171.0 164.4 161.0 142.6 4.0 6.2 19.9 Shelter

Alquileres de viviendas 110.9 110.9 110.9 109.7 Residential rents
Alojamiento fuera del hogar 205.3 205.3 205.3 200.2 0 0 2.5 Lodging away from home
Gastos en vivienda propia 233.9 222.0 216.0 184.1 5.4 8.3 27.1 Expenditures in self-owned home

Enseres del hogar y servicios 193.9 191.0 184.9 172.6 1.5 4.9 12.3 Housefurnishings and services

Combustible y otras utilidades 181.5 175.2 161.6 145.1 3.6 12.3 25.1 Fuel and other utilities
Textiles y plasticos 153.9 153.7 153.0 150.4 0.1 0.6 2.3 Textiles and plastics
Mobiliario y equipo de sonido 166.4 166.2 165.7 159.1 0.1 0.4 4.6 Furniture and sound equipment
Equipo de cocina 196.9 195.9 194.8 182.6 0.5 1.1 7.8 Kitchen equipment
Artfculos y servicios para el 110.8 110.8 110.8 105.9 0 0 4.6 Housekeeping supplies and
cuidado del hogar 3/ services 3/
Otros articulos y enseres del 228.3 226.9 224.9 211.8 0.6 1.5 7.8 Other housefurnishings and
hogar supplies
m ea' "m- -... .. ... .. .. .









26 Tabla 9 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y
SERVICIOS Y PORCEN:AJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 9 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT


CHANGES FOR


MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')


Porcentajes de cam-
Indices Indexes bio hasta mayo de
s d a (1967 = 100) 1981 desde:
Grupos de artculosPercent changes to Groups of items
y servicios May 1981 from:
M ay 19 1 from:
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
___________________________ 1981 1981 91981 19680 98-

ROPA Y SERVICIOS RELACIONADOS 147.3 146.9 146.4 141.1 0.3 0.6 4.4 APPAREL AND UPKEEP

Ropa de mujer y niias 132.2 131.7 131.0 127.3 0.4 0.9 3.8 Women's and girls' apparel
Ropa de hombtes y ninos 158.1 157.8 157.1 150.0 0.2 0.6 5.4 Men's and boys' apparel
Ropa de infants 3/ 107.6 106.3 104.9 102.5 1.2 2.6 5.0 Infants' wear 3/
Calzado 140.0 140.3 140.3 135.3 -0.2 -0.2 3.5 Footwear
Accesorios 131.7 131.3 131.3 126.2 0.3 0.3 4.4 Accessories
Materiales para la costura 183.0 182.2 180.0 173.7 0.4 1.7 5.4 Sewing materials
Servicio de cuidado de la ropa 263.5 262.9 262.8 251.0 0.2 0.3 5.0 Apparel services

CUIDADO MEDICO 264.6 263.6 263.0 250.0 0.4 0.6 5.8 MEDICAL CARE

Medicinas y products relacionados 267.6 264.3 262.6 248.1 1.2 1.9 7.9 Medicines and related products
Servicios profesionales 3/ 105.4 105.4 105.4 102.7 0 0 2.6 Professional services 3/
Otros servicios m6dicos 3/ 108.0 108.0 108.0 101.4 0 0 6.5 Other medical services 3/

EDUCATION Y RECREO 174.5 174.7 174.5 167.1 -0.1 0 4.4 EDUCATION AND RECREATION

Articulos de entretenimiento 3/ 106.9 106.7 106.2 103.0 0.2 0.7 3.8 Entertainment goods 3/
Servicios recreativos 3/ 106.3 106.3 106.8 102.8 0 -0.5 3.4 Recreatives services 3/
Gastos educacionales 3/ 107.6 108.1 108.1 101.5 -0.5 -0.5 6.0 Educational expenses 3/









Tabla 9 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO POR GRUPOS DE ARTICULOS Y
SERVICIOS Y PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS (CONT.)

Table 9 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY GROUPS OF ITEMS AND PERCENT
CHANGES FOR MAY 1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES (CONT')



Porcentajes de cam-
Indices Indexes bio hasta mayo de
(1967 = 100) 1981 desde:
Grupos de articulos Percent changes to Groups of items
Groups of items
y servicios May 1981 from:
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
.-----. 11 9a 198A 19R 1 1981 1981 98 -

OTROS ARTICULOS Y SERVICIOS 4/ 181.4 180.5 178.7 170.1 0.5 1.5 6.6 OTHER GOODS AND SERVICES 4/

Otros gastos miscelaneos 180.9 180.9 180.8 173.5 0 0.1 4.3 Other miscellaneous expenses
Tabaco y products relacionados 280.3 277.4 267.6 260.9 1.0 4.7 7.4 Tobacco and related products
Cuidado personal 202.0 200.7 199.7 186.5 0.6 1.2 8.3 Personal care

TRANSPORTACION 279.9 279.4 278.2 248.4 0.2 0.6 12.7 TRANSPORTATION

Transportaci6n privada 282.9 282.3 281.0 251.3 0.2 0.7 12.6 Private transportation
Transportaci6n plblica 256.7 256.7 256.7 226.3 0 0 13.4 Public transportation


Previo al 1980 inclula huevos. Prior to 1980 eggs were included.
El indice al consumidor para Familias Obreras incluye television y equipo de sonido.
Wage Earners' Families includes television and sound equipment.
Diciembre de 1979 = 100. December 1979 = 100.


The consumer price index for


4/ Previo a 1980 inclula servicio de entierro, billetes de loteria y alimentos para aves. Incluye tabaco, cuidado personal
y otros gastos miscelaneos. Prior to 1980 funeral services were included, lottery tickets and poultry food. Includes
tobacco, personal care and other miscellaneous expenses.
5/ Corresponde a marzo de 1981. Los datos de alquileres se obtienen para los trimestres que terminan en marzo, junior,
septiembre y diciembre. Corresponds to March 1981. Rent data are obtained for the quarters ending in March, June,
September and December.
6/ Corresponde a marzo de 1980. Corresponds to March 1980.











Tabla 10 INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO POR AREAS, 1/ Y
PORCENTAJES DE CAMBIO PARA MAYO DE 1981 Y OTRAS FECHAS SELECCIONADAS


Table 10 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR WAGE EARNERS' FAMILIES IN PUERTO RICO BY AREAS


CHANGES FOR MAY


1/ AND PERCENT


1981 AND OTHER SELECTED DATES


Porcentajes de cambio
Indices Indexes hasta mayo de 1981 desde:
(1967 = 100) Percent changes to May
AREAS 1981 from: AREAS
Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo Abril Marzo Mayo
May April March May April March May
1981 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980

PUERTO RICO 235.5 233.7 231.6 213.5 0.8 1.7 10.3 PUERTO RICO

Area Metropolitana 2/ 233.4 231.4 229.7 209.9 0.9 1.6 11.2 Metropolitan Area 2/

Area Costanera 3/ 237.7 236.0 233.6 215.6 0.7 1.8 10.3 Coastal Area 3/

Area Oeste Central 4/ 239.9 238.1 236.0 219.6 0.8 1.7 9.2 West Central Area 4/

Area Este Central 5/ 242.3 241.0 238.5 220.6 0.5 1.6 9.8 East Central Area 5/
.=. =,


1/ Los indices de areas no miden diferencias en niveles de precious
solo indica que los precious en un area han cambiado mas o menos
perfodo base.
Area indexes do not measure differences in price levels between
prices in one area have changed relatively more or less than in
2/ Los precious se recopilan en San Juan y Bayam6n. Prices are col:
3/ Los precious se recopilan en Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao,
Ponce, Mayaguez, Arecibo, Humacao, Coamo, Yauco and Vega Alta.
4/ Los precious se recopilan en Utuado y Jayuya. Prices are collect
5/ Los precious se recopilan en Caguas y Aibonito. Prices are collie


entire areas. La comparaci6n entire indices de areas
que en otra area, en terminos relatives, desde el

areas. Comparison of area indexes shows only that
another area, since the base period.
elected in San Juan and Bayam6n.
Coamo, Yauco y Vega Alta. Prices are collected in

ted in Utuado and Jayuya.
acted in Caguas and Aibonito.




Tablall RESUME DEL ESTADO DE EMPLEO DE LA POBLACION CIVIL NO INSTITUTIONAL DE 16 ANOS O MAS
Tablell SUMMARY OF THE EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF THE CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONAL POPULATION 16 YEARS AND OVER
(En Miles In Thousands)


I I EN EL GRUPO TRABAJADOR IN THE LABOR FORCE I


AROY MES


TOTAL
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980

1980
Mayo
Junio
Julio
Agosto
Septiembre
Octubre
Noviembre
Diciembre
1981
Enero
Febrero
Marzo
Abril
Mayo


POBLACION



POPULATIOb


EMPLEADOS DESEMPLEADOS
TOTAL EMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED


Ndmero


Number


Tasas de
Partici-
paci6n
Partici-
pation
Rates


Total


Agricul.
tura
Agricul.
ture


Industries
No Agrf-
colas
Nonagricul
tural In-
dustries


Ndmero


Number


Tasas de
Desempleo
Unemploy-
ment Rates


Fuera del
Grupo Tra-
bajador

Not in the
Labor
Force


- dstri----sI


PROMEDIOS ANUALES ANNUAL AVERAGES
1,608 772 48.0 689 64 625 83 10.7 836
1,669 808 48.4 715 58 657 93 11.6 861
1,757 844 48.0 743 53 690 100 11.9 914
1,818 865 47.6 764 50 715 101 11.6 953
1,878 876 46.7 760 52 709 116 13.2 1,002
1,939 870 44.9 712 47 665 157 18.1 1,069
2,011 908 45.2 731 46 685 177 19.5 1,103
2,093 937 44.8 750 42 708 187 19.9 1,156
2,198 971 44.2 796 39 757 175 18.1 1,227
2,272 987 43.4 819 41 778 168 17.0 1,285
2,322 1,006 43.3 834 45 789 172 17.1 1,317
_DATOS MBNSUALES MONTHLY DATA
I I' T I *-


2,317
2,319
2,323
2,327
2,332
2,332
2,340
2,346

2,351
2,356
2,361
2,366
2,371


1,006
1,028
1,027
1,005
995
1,012
1,001
1,015

1,005
1,021
1,015
1,036
1,023


43.4
44.3
44.2
43.2
42.7
43.4
42.8
43.3

42.7
43.3
43.0
43.8
43.1


842
857
852
827
825
837
830
843

815
836
835
844
831


46
44
42
40
44
45
47
38

40
47
41
43
38


796
813
810
788
782
792
784
804

775
789
795
801
792


165
171
175
177
170
176
170
173

190
185
180
192
192


16.4
16.6
17.0
17.7
17.1
17.3
17.0
17.0

18.9
18.2
17.7
18.5
18.8


1,310
1,291
1,296
1,323
1,336
1,320
1,340
1,330

1,346
1,335
1,346
1,330
1,348,0''


YEAR & MONTH


TOTAL
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980


1980








1981


May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

January
February
March
April
May


I__ A I- AA _II






Tablal 2 ESTADO DE EMPLEO DE LA POBLACION CIVIL NO INSTITUTIONAL DE 16 AROS 0 MAS POR EDAD Y SEXO

Tablel2 EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF THE CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONAL POPULATION 16 YEARS AND OVER, BY AGE AND SEX
Mayo de 1981
(En Miles In Thousands)
May 1981

GRUPO TRABAJADOR CIVIL CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE Fuera del
GRUPO Grupo
POBLACION TRABAJADOR-LABOR FORCE DESEMPLEADOS-UNEMPLOYED Trabajadoz

EDAD Y SEXO POPULATION Tasas de Empleados Tasas de AGE AND SEX
Ndmero Participaci6n Ndmero Desempleo Not in the
Employed Labor
Number Participation Number Unemployment Force
Rates Rates
AMBOS SEXOS-TOTAL 2,371 1,023 43.1 831 192 ob 18.8 1,348 BOTH SEXES-TOTAL
16 19 Aflos 31/8 51 16.0 23 28 54.3 267 16 19 Years
20 24 Afios 293 149 50.8 97 51 34.5 144 20 24 Years
25 54 Aflos 1,197 720 60.1 613 107 14.9 477 25 54 Years
55 Aflos o mis 564 104 18.4 97 7 6.3 460 55 Years and over


VARONES TOTAL 1,117 674 60.3 530 143 21.3 443 MALES TOTAL
16 19 Aflos 160 38 23.8 17 21 55.3 122 16 19 Years
20 24 Anos 136 93 68.2 54 39 41.6 43 20 24 Years
25 54 Anos 553 462 83.5 384 78 16.8 91 25 54 Years
55 Afnos o mis 267 81 30.3 75 6 7.2 186 55 Years and over


HEMBRAS TOTAL 1,255 349 27.9 300 49 14.1 905 FEMALES TOTAL
16 19 Anos 158 13 8.2 6 7 51.2 145 16 19 Years
20 24 Afos 156 56 35.6 43 13 22.6 101 20 24 Years -
25 54 Anos 644 258 40.0 229 29 11.4 386 25 54 Years
55 Aflos o mas 297 23 7.7 22 a/ a/ 274 55 Years and over
I I a


a y pocos case en la mantra para
Not enough ca es in the simple for


un escuaado confiable.
a reliable estimate.






Tablal3..PERSONAS EMPLEADAS, DESEMPLEADAS Y TASAS DE DESEMPLEO POR INDUSTRIAL

Mayo y rld er d laayood FS980
TablQ3..EMPLOYED AND UNEMPLOYED PERSONS AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY INDUSTRY
(Thousands of persons 16 years and over)
May and April 1981 and May 1980

EMPLEADOS EMPLOYED DESEMPLEADOS UNEMPLOYED TASAS DE DESEMPLEO
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
GRUPO INDUSTRIAL Mayo Abril Mayo Mayo briyo Abri Mayo INDUSTRY GROUP
May April May May April May May April May
1__981 1.981 1980 1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980


TOOAS LAS INDUSTRIES .

Agriculture .1

INDUSTRIES NO AGRICOLAS

Manufactura

Construction

Comercio

Finanzas, Seguros B Bienes
Races

Transportacio'n, Comunicacion y
Utilidades Publicas

Servicios

Administracio'n P'blica

NO CLASIFICADOS2/


844

43


801

162

45

149


26


53


157

208


842

46

796

162

50

158


21


50


155

198


192

13


162

39

34

20


192

15


160

38

28

26


165

12

139

33

28

25


2


JR______ I _____ I _____ I _____ _________


18.8

24.8

17.0

19.5

43.8

11.3


a/


9.7


13.4

15.8


18.5

25.9


16.7

19.1

38.5

15.0


a/


8.2


13.3

15.0


16.4

21.2


14.9

16.9

36,3

13.7


9.3


8.1


12.7

10.6


ALL INDUSTRIES

Agriculture 2

NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES

Manufacturing

Construction

Trade

Finance, Insurance, and Real
Estate

Transportation, Communication and
Public Utilities

Services

Public Administration

NOT CLASSIFIED .


1/ Incluye minerfa .. Includes mining.
-7/ Incluye silvicultura y pesca .. Includes forestry and fishing.
3/ Sin experiencia previa de trabajo .- No previous work experience.
a/ Muy pocos casos en la muestra para un estimado confiable -- Not enough cases in the sample for a reliable estimate.


831

38


792

162

44

158


23


51


152

201






Tablal4 PERSONAS EMPLEADAS Y DESEMPLEADAS POR GRUPO OCUPACIONAL PRINCIPAL
(Miles de Personas de 16 Anos o mAs)
Mayo y Abril de 1981 y Mayo de 1980
Tablel4 EMPLOYED AND UNEMPLOYED PERSONS, BY MAJOR OCCUPATIONAL GROUP
(Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over)
May and April 1981 and May 1980

EMPLEADOS EMPLOYED DESEMPLEADOS UNEMPLOYED
GRUPO OCUPACIONAL PRINCIPAL Mayo Abril Mayo Mayo Abril Mayo MAJOR OCCUPATIONAL GROUP
May April May May April May
1981 1981 1980 1981 1981 1980


Todos los Grupos
Trabajadores de cuello blanco

Profesionales y relacionados
Propietarios, administradores
y oficiales
Clericales y relacionados
Vendedores y relacionados
Trabajadores de cuello azul
Artesanos, capataces y
relacionados
Operarios y relacionados
Obreros, except de fincas
Trabajadoree de servicio
Servicio domdstico
Servicio protective
Otros servicios
Trabajadores agricolas
Agricultores, administra-
dores de fincas
Obreros y mayordomos de fincas
Sin experiencia previa de trabajo


831

395
130

96
118
51
295

111
146
37
106
4
24
77
35

14
21


844

396
134

90
119
53
298

110
151
36
111
5
29
77
40

16
23


842


383
120

92
115
56
300

115
148
37
116
6
26
84
43

18


192

36
5

5
18
7
103

47
36
20
23
a/
5
17
12

a/
11
18


192

42
5


165


33
4

6
15
8
88

36
34
18
19

a/
2
16
12

a/
12
13


All Groups
White collar workers


Professional and related
Proprietors, managers and
officials
Clerical and related
Sales and related
Blue collar workers
Craftsmen, foremen nnd
related
Operatives and related
Laborers, except fani
Service Workers
Private household
Protective services
Other services
Farm workers
Farmers and farm
managers
Farm laborers and foremen
No previous work expericice


a/ Mv n.neo ,nnn an in mn. -
-~ ~~ ~ ~ d.J - ~ a.


Not enough cases in the sample for a reliable estimate.


-r -~ ~~-rr -~~r~ ~ ra Irus~cro


para un est ma o con e.







Tabla 15-- EMPLEO Y SALARIO PROMEDIO POR HORA DE LOS TRABAJADORES DE PRODUCTION EN LAS INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURERS DE PUERTO RICO


Table 15--


EMPLOYMENT AND AVERAGE


Abril de 1981
HOURLY EARNINGS OF THE PRODUCTION WORKERS IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN PUERTO RICO


April 1981


EMPLEO TOTAL TRABAJADORES DE PRODUCTION INDICE DE PRECIOUS
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT PRODUCTION WORKERS AL CONSUMIDOR
ArO Y ES Abos sexos I Mueres Numero SALARIO PROMEDIO POR HORA OBRERO
(En miles) (En miles) AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS CONSUMER PRICE EAR AN MONTH
INDEX FOR WAGE
Both sexes I Women Number INDEX FARNERS
Nominal Real EARNERS
(In thousands) (In thousands) 1967= 100

1980 1980

Abril 156.2 76.1 127.7 3.94 1.84 214.7 April
Mayo 154.4 74.7 124.9 3.99 1.87 213.5 May
Junto 152.2 73.9 122.8 4.00 1.86 214.8 June
Julio 147.4 70.4 117.7 4.04 1.87 216.2 July
Agosto 148.9 71.5 119.8 4.06 1.87 217.4 August
Septiembre 150.0 71.9 120.6 4.10 1.87 219.4 September
Octubre 154.6 74.8 124.6 4.10 1.86 220.5 October
Novleabre 156.1 75.4 126.4 4.15 1.87 222.3 November
Dicl ebre 156.2 75.1 126.2 4.14 1.84 224.9 December

1981 1981

Enero 152.8 73.7 123.2 4.32 1.91 226.7 January
Febrero 156.4 74.9 126.5 4.32 1.89 229.0 February
Marzo 155.4 74.0 125.3 4.33 1.87 231.6 March
Abril 156.6 75.1 126.2 &.34 1.86 233.7 April
____________________________________________ ___________________ ________________________________________ _____________________ I_____________________ __________________________ ____________________________________





U" Tabla 16- EMPLEO EN LAS INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURERS DE PUERTO RICO, POR GRUPO INDUSTRIAL PRINCIPAL
Abril y marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980
(En siles)
Table 16- EMPLOYMENT IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN PUERTO RICO, BY MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUP
April and March 1981 and April 1980
(In thousands)

EMPLEO TOTAL .- TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TRABAJADORES DE PROOUCCION
Ambos sexos Mu eres Y RELACIONADOS
PRODUCTION AND RELATED
GRUPO INDUSTRIAL Both sexes Women WORKERS INDUSTRY GROUP

1981 1980 1981 1980 1981 1980
Abril Marzo Abril Abril Marzo Abrtl* Abrll Marzo Abril *
April March April April March April* April March April *
TODAS LAS INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURERS 156.6 155.4 156.2 75.1 74.0 76.1 126.2 125.3 127.7 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Artfculos no-duraderos 100.1 99.2 98.4 50.3 49.3 49.8 79.8 78.9 78.7 Nondurable goods
Allmentos y products analogos 25.4 24.9 23.5 2 5.6 .9 7. 17.1 15.9 Food and kindred products
Products do tabaco 2.0 2.0 1.1 0.9 9 09 0.5 1.9 1.9 0.9 Tobacco manufactures
Productos textiles 3.3 3.3 4.0 1.7 1.7 2.2 3.0 3.1 3.7 Textile mill products
Ropa y products analogos 34.2 33.8 35.3 28.9 28.4 30.0 32.0 31.6 33.1 Apparel and related products
Papel y products andlogos; pu. Paper and allied products; printing,
bllcaclones e Industries analogas 5.1 5.1 4.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 3.1 3.2 3.1 publishing and allied industries
Products qufalcos y anilogos 15.9 15.7 15.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 10.6 10.4 10.4 Chemicals and allied products
Refinerfas do petroso a industries Potroleum refining and related
relaclonadas; products de goae y industries; rubber and miscel-
productos plSsticos lscelineos 8.0 8.0 7.6 2.2 2.1 2.0 6.0 6.0 5.6 laneous plastic products
Cuero y products de cuero 6.2 6.2 6.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 5.8 5.8 6.0 Leather and leather products
Artfculos duraderos 56.4 56.2 57.8 24.8 24.8 26.2 46.3 46.4 49.0 Durable goods
Products de madera; muebles y Lumber and wood products; furniture
accesorlos 3.4 3.5 3.8 0.4 0.4 0.6 2.7 2.8 3.1 and fixtures
Products de piedra, barro y crystal 4.6 4.6 4.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 Stone, clay, and glass products
Products do metal 5.1 5.1 5.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 3.9 4.0 46 Metal products
Maquinaril, except slectrica; y Machinery, except electrical; and
equipo do transported 8.2 8.1 7.7 3.2 3.2 3.0 6.4 6.3 6.2 transportation equipment
Maquinarla, equipo y efectos Electrical machinery, equipment
electricos 19.2 19.1 18.3 11.0 11.1 10.9 16.6 16.7 16.0 and supplies
Instrumentos profestonales y clan" Professional and scientific instru
tfficos y products relacionados 12.2 12.2 13.7 7.4 7.5 8.9 10.2 10.2 11.9 Pents and allied products
industries manufacturers Miscellaneous manufacturing -
miscelineas 3.6 3.6 4.0 1.7 1.6 1.9 3.2 3.1 3.5 Industries
Cifras rekisadas a base de el Censo de Industries Manufactureras en Puerto Rico de octubre de 1980
Revised figures based on the Census of Manufacturing Industries In Puerto Rico for October 1980




35
Tabla 17-_ EMPLIO TOTAL Y TRABAJADOBRS DI PROD UVoi AJUSTADOS I8TACIONALMZNT, S LAS INDUSTRIAL 0MNUPArTURTAS3 DR PUERTO RIC(
pOR 9RUPO IYUSTX"AL PRINCIPAL? abr! y marzo de 1981 y abr!l de 1Q80
(En miles)
Table 17 SASIONAU1Y ADJUS3TV TOTAL IELO1~.NT AMD PRODUCTION WORKERS IN TH 2 ANU WACTURING INDUSTRIES IN PUERTO RICO,
BY MATOAR ..iDUSIOi GR013PI April and March 1981 and AprIl 1980
(IZ thousandAd)


EtUPO ihDU1TRIAL


TODAa LAS IN sTALAs rAA WiAvro. xA

Artfoulos aio-durderoB

AlriEntos y prodauiGts 4i-legco,
?rodutfos do taboo
Produotos *;txfe la
Rope y proGductc anlJog'os
Papel y rruduotos aLrFlogoss ribAli
caoiones a industries
analogas
?roducooe qufaliooe y anlogos
Refiner{ar do petr6lo lindus-
triae relaolonadast produatae
do goaa y p-oduotos plibtioos
mlsoeoJinos
Cuero y produotos de oseyro
Arcoulos daraderos
Pro4uotoa do maderai muebles y

Producto do4 pledra, barro 7
iarital
Produotos 4* metal
Kaquineria, exeapto alictrica y
*quipo 4d transport*
Maquinarla, equipo y efeotoa
eliotrloos
Inatrumor too professionals y
oientificoa y products
relaoionados
Industries manufaotur' ase
mieeolineas


'LgJ TOT,"AL
*POT-^L HfpirTUgi


TRABaAJADOWS1B X PRODUCTIONN
PqD]Ti0 'aiOD'iiwiii q ao-m


1981 !r98C = '1-1 1380



154,4 | ,2 15C1 124.0 1.0J 125.7
9 1 98,6 3',5 77.9 78.3 77,

23.6 .8 7I,8 I1,9 1P6.1 14.
2,09 210 1.8 1.8 0,
3.1 3,3 .0 3.0 3.1 3.,
333,3 31,3 31.5 316 2.7

5.1 5 -9 3, 3 3,1
16,2 16.1 16,0 10.9 10,7 10,M



?78 7.9 75 5.8 5,8 5.I+
6.3 6.5 6.6 5.9 6.1 6.2
56.3 55.6 57.6 54.1 &6.7 48.7


3,5

4.6
5.1

8.1

19.4


12.2
3.2


3,9

4.3
5.3

7.7

18.3


13.5


2.7

3.3
3.9

6.3

16.6


10.0

3.2


2,8

3.4
3.9

6.3

17.0


10.2

3.2


Notat Las olrras individuals no siempre suman a los totaled indloados debido al redondeo do lam mismas.
Note The individual figures do not necessarily add to .he totals indicated because of rounding.
* Clfras revlsadas a base de al Censo de Industrias Manufactureras en Puerto RPco de octubre de 1980
Revised figures based on the Census of Manufacturing Industries in Puerto Rico for October 1980


TDSTPY OROUP


ALL AUUACMTURINO INDUSTrRIES

Nondurable goods

Food and kindred products
Tobaooo manufacturers
Textile mill produco
A;parel and rlsiate prcuots
Paper and allied products pri
ing publishing and llied
industries
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleua refining and related
industries rubber and
miacallaneous plastic
produoti
Leather and leather products
Durable goods
Lumber and wood produotsl
furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass
products
Metal products
Machinery, except electrical;
and transportation equLipmen'
Electrical machinery, equlpmel
and supplies
Professional and solentiftl
instruments and allied
products
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries




36
Tablal8PROMEDW O DE IIORAS iRABAJADAS Y SALARIES DE LOS TRABAAiAOOS E PROd CfO iOr Y RELACIONA S EN S ILA UTRIAS RMNUFACTURERAS DE PUERTO q1CO,
POR G(RUPO INJS1RIAL PRiNCkAL: Abril y varzo do 1riJ1 y abril d 1980
(En ale0s)


Stbl 18 AVERAGE IIOUR AND :;.Nls Orf Tr. PROT in, AKo RP'ATEU V AERS .i TfHE ANUFTACTU WI OUSTER'S S RN PLRCTO i.0O, bY CAJOR ItIlDUSTRY GROUP:
April and MKar 1981 an r Apeli 1980
(1 thousands)

S;ALAYRIC \ 40^ HRAS N rLES PWOME' O ifO'O AOtP!0 St AI ROffD!
S AVEAE O'. "t ,VRAGE TEXLY HOURS AEEKY EARNINGS
..RUPC TR 0 Ja 4 gl .--- I; .. ... .
;1__ _"3i !^ i76. lE^t._ LJ fn uSstLr
i t ,s I31 98el0 1e8 3 898 90 981 0O.6
arz b( A! J o X ? ro J ri! *
Sarcr prl A pr arc \p rh 1




a!t. y 1 .23 4 37,0 332 f
Pe c 3.. 398 3. 37 cco 3 nur 7u

apsi y p ducs^ al.56 j 3.69 33.7 j 34.0 35.9 I 3Y.9 J 12i.4 1.?. ; 5 ? 2 8 ppaur l a! i;nd re
hP Y products arilogos; Paper and allied
piicsclines a !ndustrlas printing. publi
41 ogas *4.7 4.54 42 3 38.9 38.2 179,O i 17.1 "162.35 allied induslt.
'ord*uctosa ufticol y aL41g8a 5.71 5.65 5.25 41.1 41,0 41,4 23.68 2335.466 3 1 35 CheImcals and all
Refinerfus dc peteloeo a Industrias J | Petroleum refnln
relatcind as; prraacteas dejaoa y industries; ruL
products platics lscileos 5.11 5.1 4.88 37?, 38.9 39.8 |190.G -99.56 19).22 laneous pla;stic
Cuero y products do cusro 3:57 3,59 3.31 36.0 3 37. 128.52 133..91 1Z.12 Leather and leath

Articules duraderos 4.46 I*. 4.01 j| 39.1 1 39.9 38.4 1174.39 177.56 !153,98 Durable goods


Products do sadorsB ; urabi y
accesori es
Producto do piedra. barro y crystal
Productlo do metal
Naquinaria, excapte ollctrca; y
aquipo de transport*
Maquinarls, equipo y efectos
sl ctricos
Instrulantos profestonales y clan.
ifficos y products relaclonadus
Industries nanufacturoras
i soel lnoas


3.69

4.83

4.49

4.54

4.35
4.53


3.68
4.45
4.68

4.52

4.53

4.37
4.45


3.34
4.33
4.32

4.13

4,00

3.90
3.92


36.1
39.3
38.8

41.0



S40.3
39,.0


35.5
40.3
39.4


37,6

38.3
36.9


I
Ij129.52
I171.l4
185.4?
175.11

179,78

172.70
| 81.65


132.95
I174.88
I 181.58

135.32

I183.46

176.11
173.55


118.57
174.50
170.21

168.09

I150.-0

149.37
4U.65


_______ ____________________ 5_ U


Lumber and wood
furniture and

Wetal products
Machlt-ery, except
transportation
Electrical machii
and supplies
Professional and
seits and all i
Miscellaneous ma
industries


T.TR [S


,rodu.ts
re?
ucts
nd products
products;
shinim and
os
led products
9g no related
ber and al cal9
products
or products


products;
fixtures
glass products

t electrical; an(
equipmodt
nery, equipront

scientific instl
ed products
nuf.acurintj


* Clfras revisedas a base de el Censo
Revised figures based on the Census


de Industries Manufactureras en Puerto Rico de octubre
of Manufacturing industries in Puerto Rico for October


de 1980
1980


- -hL---, T~ _~_~~a







Tabla 19SALARIO REAL PROMEDiO POR IIORA Y S 1MA/AL-/ OE LOS TRAPAJADORES DE PRODUCTION Y REL IOWDOS EN L INUSTRIAS MNUFACTURERAS
DE PUERTO RICO, PGR GRUPO IlIDUSTRIAL PRINCIPAL: ari y marzo de 1 y rll de 198
1/
Table 19 REAL AVERAGE HOURLY AND WEEKLY EARNINIGS- OF THE PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN
PUERTO RICO, BY MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUP: April and March 1981 and April 1980


SALARIO REAL PROMEDIO POR HORA SALARIO REAL SEMANAL PROMEDIO
REAL AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS REAL AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS
GRLPO INDUSTRIAL 1 INDUSTRY GROUP
1981 1980 1981 1980
Abril Marzo Abril Abril Marzo Abril *
April March April April March April *

TOOAS LAS INDUSTRIES NANUFACTURERAS $ 1.86 1.87 t 1.84 t 69.27 3 71.98 3 69.37 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

Arlfculos no-duradoros 1.82 1.84 1.82 55.83 69.34 67.94 Nondurable goods
Allrontos y products anglogos 1.81 1.84 1.80 66.97 70.61 66.33 Food and kindred products
Products do tabaco 1.69 1.72 1.79 59.01 66.51 68.68 Tobacco manufactures
Products textiles 1.65 1.68 1.62 56.17 61.81 59.64 Textile 111 products
Ropa y products anglogos 1.57 1,59 1.57 53.25 57.20 56.35 Apparel and related products
Papol y products andlogos; public. Paper and allied products; printing,
clonos e Industrlas awtnlogas 1.96 1.96 1.98 76.85 76.26 75.62 publishing and allied industries
Products qufalcos y anilogos 2.44 2.44 2.45 100.42 101.67 101.23 Chemicals and allied products
Refinerlas do pelroleo e industries Petroleum refining and related indus-
rolaclonadas; products de goma y tries; rubber and miscellaneous
products pl stlcos miscellneos 2.19 2.22 2.27 81.56 86.17 90.46 plastic products
Cuoro y produclos de cuero 1.53 1.55 1.54 54.99 57.82 58.28 Leather and leather products

Artfculos duraderos 1.91 1.92 1.87 74.6? 76.67 71.72 Durable goods

Products do madera; muebles y Lumber and wood products; furniture
accesorios 1.58 1.59 1.56 55,42 57.36 55.23 and fixtures
Products de plodra, barro y crystal 1.92 1.92 2.02 73.23 75.51 81.28 Stone, clay, and glass products
Products de motal 2.07 2.02 2,01 79.36 78.40 79.28 Metal products
Haquinaria, oxcopto electrica; y Machinery, except electrical; and
o(uilpo do transport 1.92 1.95 1.92 74.93 80.02 78.29 transportation equipment
Maquinaria, equipo y efectos Electrical machinery, equipment
electricos 1.94 1.96 1.86 76.93 79.21 70.05 and supplies
Instrumentos profesionales y clen. Professional and scientific instru.
ttficos y products relacionados 1.86 1,89 1.82 73.90 76.04 69.57 ments and allied products
Industries manufacturers lmscellneas 1.94 1.92 1.83 77.73 74.94 67.37 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries


* Clfra revlsadas a base de l Canso do Industries Manufactureras en Puer-td Rico de octubre
Revised figures based on the Census of Manufacturing Industries In Puerto Rico for October


de 1980
1980





S 8


Tabla'b 20- HPLJ Y SALARIO PROMEDIO POR HORA DE LOS TRABAJA0RES DE PROOUCCION Y RELACIONAOOS EN LOS ESTABLECINIENTOS MANUFACTURERS
PRONOVIDOS POR LA ADMINISTRATION OE FOMENO ECONOHICO 0 LA COHPARIA DE FORENTO INDUSTRIAL DE PUERTO RICO
Abril de 1981
(En miles)

Tlble 201EPLOYMENT AND AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS OF THE PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORRS IN THE MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENT
PROMOTED BY THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION OR THE PUERTO RICO INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY
April 1981
(In thousands)

EPLEO TOTAL TRABAJADORES DE PRODUCTION Y RELACIONADOS INDICE OE PRECIOUS
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS AL CONSURIOOR
Armos sexos Huj]ert NIsro SALARIOO PRO DIO POR HORA OORERO
AID ES (En ) (En ) AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS CONSUMER PRICE YEAR AND HONTH
(En les) (En les) INEX FOR IAGE
Both sexes I Vomen Number iR EARNERS
(In thousands) (In thousands) No i e 1967 100

1980 1980

Abril 131.7 71.9 111.4 3 3.97 1 1.85 214.7 April
Mayo 129.7 70.7 109.4 4.02 1.88 213.5 May
Juntl 128.6 69.9 108.2 4.01 1.87 214.8 June
Julio 124.2 66.5 103.6 4.05 1.87 216.2 July
Agosto 125.7 67.6 105.6 4.08 1.88 217.4 August
Septlembre 126.2 68.0 106.0 4.12 1.88 219.4 September
Octubre 130.5 70.5 109.7 4.12 1.87 220.5 October
Novi.bre 132.0 71.2 111.2 4.17 1.88 222.3 November
Dicteabre 131.9 70.9 111.0 4.17 1.85 224.9 December

1981 1981

Enete 129.4 69.5 108.6 4.35 1.92 226.7 January
Febrar 131.7 70.8 110.8 4.35 1.90 229.0 February
larzo 130.0 69.7 109.1 4.37 1.89 231.6 March
Abril 131.3 70.7 110.1 4.38 1.88 233.7 April

i| i J







tabla 21 PLEO EN LOS ESTABLECIMIENTOS PANUFACTUREROS PROMOVIDOS POR LA ADIINISTRACION DE FOMENTO ECONOMIC 0 LA COMPARIA DE FOMENTO INDUSTRIAL
DE PUERTO RICO, POR GRUPO INDUSTRIAL PRINCIPAL: Abril y marzo de 1981 y abril de 1980
(En miles)

Table 21EMPLOY1MNT II THE MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHHEIITS PROMOTED BY THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION OR THE PUERTO RICO
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, BY MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUP: April and March 1981 and April 1980
(In thousands)

EHPLEO TOTAL .-- TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TRABAJADRES DE PROOUCCION
... Y RELACIOIIAOOS
Adbos sexos IHueres PRODUCTION AND RELATED
GRUPO INDUSTRIAL Both sexes Women RKERS INDUSTRY GROUP
1981 1980 1981 1980 1981 1980
Abril Marzo Abril Abril Mapzo Abril* Ahril I arzo Abril *
April March April April March April* April March April *


TOOAS LAS IIDUSTRIAS MANUFACTURERS
Artfculos no-duraderos
Allmentos y products analogos
Products de tabaco
Products textiles
Ropa y products anflogos
Papel y products analogos; pu.
blicaclones e industries anflogas
Products quficos y andlogos
Reflnerfas de petr6leo a industries
relaclonadas; products de goma y
products plasticos eiscellneos
Cuero y products de cuero

Artfculos duraderos
Products de madera; muebles y
accesorios
Products de pledra, barro y crystal
Products de metal
Maquinaria, except electrica; y
equipo de transported
Maquinaria, equipo y efectos
electricos
Instrumentos profesionales y clen-
tfflcos y products relacionados
Industrias manufacturers
mi scelneas


131 3


01.n 0


11 7


7n 7


RQ 7


71 O


110.1


109.1


111.4


80.9 79.9 80.1 46.4 45.5 46.3 68.3 67.3 67.8
12.7 12.1 11.2 5.0 4.4 '3.8 10.1 9.6 8.8
2.0 2.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.4 1.8 1.8 0.8
3.2 3.2 3.9 1.7 1.7 2.2 2.9 3.0 1.6
32.2 31.8 33.5 27.1 26.8 28.5 30.2 29.8 31.5

2.7 2.7 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.0 2.0 2.1
15.2 15.0 15.0 5.2 5.2 .2 4.9 10.3 10.1 10.1


6.8 6.9 6.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 5.2 5.2 4.8
6.2 %.1 6.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 5.7 5.7 6.0

50.4 50.1 51.6 24.3 24.3 25.6 41.8 41.8 43.7


2.0
2.0
3.7

7.9

19.2

12.2

3.4


2.1
2.0
3.8

7.8

19.1

12.2

3.3


2.1
2.1
4.4

7.4

18.2

13.7

3.6


0.3
0.4
0.4

3.2

11.0

7.4

1.6


0.3
0.4
0.4

1.1

11.0

7.4

1.5


0.4
0.3
0.5

3.0

10.9

8.9

1.7


1.6
1.5
2.9

6.2

16.6

10.2

2.9


SClfras revlsadas a base de el Censo de Industrias Manufactreras en Puerto Rico de octubre de 1980
Revised figures based on the Census of Manufacturing Industries in Puerto Rico for October 1980


1.7
1.4
3.0

6.0

16.6

10.2

2.9


1.7
1.6
3.5

5.9

16.0

11.9

3.2


ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile *111 products
Apparel and related products
Paper and allied products; printing,
publishing and allied industries
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum refining and related
Industries; rubber and mlscel.
laneous plastic products
Leather and leather products

Durable goods
Lumber and wood products; furniture
and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Metal products
Machinery, except electrical; and
transportation equipment
Electrical machinery, equipment
and supplies
Professional and scientific instru.
ments and allied products
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries




40


Tabla 22 HOS Y SALARIES DE LOS TRAAJADORES DE PROOUCCIOU Y REACIONAOOS EN LOS ESTABLECIMIENTOS NAIUFACTUREROS PRONOVIDOS POR LA AOMINISTRACIOI DE
FORENTO ECONONICO 0 LA COMPAIIA DE FORENTO INDUSTRIAL DE PUERTO RICO, POR GRUPO INDUSTRIAL PRINCIPAL
Abrll y *arzo de 1981 y abrll do 1980
'lWrbla 22 HOURS AND EARNINGS OF THE PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS IN THE MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS PROMOTED BY THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ADMINISTRATION OR THE PUERTO RICO INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, BY MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUP
April and March 1981 and April 1980

PROMEDIOS .. AVERAGES
SARIO POR HORA HORAS SEMANALES SALARIO SEMAAL
HOURLY EARNINGS MEEKLY HOURS WEEKLY EARNINGS
GRUPO INDUSTRIAL -... INDUSTRY GROUP
1981 1980 1981 1980 1981 1980
Abril M rzo Abril Abril Marzo Abril Abril Marzo Abrll *
April March April April March April April March April *
-. I S-


TWi LAS INDUSTRIES MNUFACTURERAS

Artculos no.duraderoa
Allaentos y proauctos anilogos
?Poductos de tabaco
,Productoe textiles
spa y products a~nogos
pel y products snilso s; pu.
bl Iac ones oe Rlusrtras
3nilogas
Products qufaicos y anlogos
refinerfas do periloo o Industries
relaclonadas; products de gom
y products plisticos alscelineos
Cuero y products de cuero
Artfculos duraderos
Products do madera; suebles y
accesorlos
Products do pledra, barro y crista
Products de metal
Maquinaria, except ellctrica; y
equipo de transported
Maquinarta, equipo y efectos
ellctrlcos
Instruentos profeslonales y clan.
Ifficos y products relacionados
Industries anufactureras miscelf.
neas


1 4.38


1 4.37


1 3,9?


37.3


37.8


1163.37


168.68


1150.07


4.29 4.28 3.93 36.1 37.7 37,4 154.87 161.36 146.98

4.36 4.34 4.03 36.1 37.8 35.7 157.40 164.05 143.87
3.99 4.01 3.97 35.1 39.0 38.7 140.05 156.39 153.64
3.83 3.88 3.47 33.8 36.5 36.7 129.45 141.62 127.35
3.68 3.71 3.38 34.1 35.9 35.8 125.49 133.19 121.00

4.39 4.37 3.98 39.0 39.4 38.9 171.21 172.18 154.82
5.74 5.69 5.28 41.2 41.7 41.7 236.49 237.27 220.18


5.22 5.25 5.02 37.8 39.6 40.2 197.32 207.90 201.80
3.57 3.59 3.31 36.0 37.3 37.8 128.52 133.91 125.12
4.52 4.51 4.04 39.4 40.2 38.6 178.09 181. 155.9


3.96
4.78
5.14

4.51

4.54

4.36
4.61


3.93
4.74
4.96

4.54

4.53

4.37
4.51


3.50
4.37
4.56

4.17

4.00

3.90
3.96


35.4
39.3
39.0

39.3

39.6

39.7
40.3


37.0
39.3
39.3

41.3

40.5

40.3
39.2


36.8
38.9
35.4

40.8

38.3

38.3
37.3


140.18
187.85
200.46

177.24

179.78

173.09
185.78


145.41
186.28
194.93

187.50

183.46

176.11
176.79


128.80
169.99
161.42

70.14

53.20

49.37
147.71


ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES


Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile i11 products
Apparel and related products
Paper and allied products; print-
I n Dlls thing and allied
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum refining and related In-
dustries; rubber and miscel-
laneous plastic products
Leather and leather products
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products; fur.
nature and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Metal products
Machinery, except electrical; and
transportation equipment
Electrical machinery, quipmnt
and supplies
Professional and scientific Instr
ments and allied products
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries


* Clfras revisadas a base do el Censo de Industries Manufactureras en Puerto Rico de octubre de 1980
Revised figures based on the Census of Manufacturing Industries In Puerto Rico for October 1980


" I "


I




1/
Tabla 23- SALARIO REAL PROHEDIO POR HORA Y SEMKAWA DE LOS TRABAJAOORES DE PROOUCCION Y RELACIOrS'OS EN LOS ESTABLECIMIENTOS PROMOVIDOS
POR LA ADMINISTWCIC~ DE FOIENTC ECONOMIC 0 LA COMPIA DE FOMENTO INDUSTRIAL DE PUERTO RICO
Ab1ri y marzo de 1981 y abril do 1990
Table 23-REAL AVERAGE HOURLY At WEEKLY EARNINGS- OF THE PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS IN THE WANUFACTUIN~ ESTABLISHMENTS PROMOTED
BY THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADI ISTRATION OR ThE PUERTG RICO liA1)TRIAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY
April and March 1981 and April 1980


TI1AS LAS !TNUSTRIAS MANUFACTURERS
Artfcul cs no-durderos
AlPsntos y produtos aniiogos
Productcz do tabaco
Productos toexills
Ropa y products anilogos
Papel y products anilogos; public.
clones ir.dusir'as anailogas
Products qufalcos y anilogos
Reflnerfas do petr4oleo a industries
relacionadas; products do goa y
products pl'stlcos siscalbneas
Cuere y products do cuero
Artfculos duraderos
Products do madera; muebles y
accesorlos
Products do piedra, barro y crystal
Products do motel
Maquinaria, except slictrica; y
equipo de transports
Maquinaria, lquipo y ofectos
elictricos
Instrumentos professionals y clent(.
ficos y products relacionados
Industries manufactureras miscelaneas


SALARIO REAL PROAIGO (? Y kA


1981 1980


April arch Arl


i 1,87
1,84
1.87
1.71
1,64
1.5?

1.88
2.46


2.23
1.53
1.93

1.69
2.05
2.20

1 93

1.93

1.87
1.97


1 35

1,73
1 58
1,50

1,89
2,46



1.55
1.95

1.70
2.05
2.1427





1.96

1.96

1.89
1.95


- -- ----------I--- ~ J-..~~bs~;~----~.;. ~UI~- ---h-- -C --- ~-~- - --


1.58





2,46


2,34
1.54
1.88

1.63
2.04
2.12



1.86

1.82
1.84


SkLARIO REAL SEMANAL PROEI10
REAL AIERAGE EEXLY EARNiY'IS

1981 1980


Abr!il
April


66.27
67.35
59.93
55.39
53.70

73.26
101,19


34.43
54.99
76.20

59.98
80.38
85.78

75.84

76.93

74.07
79.50


Abril *
April *


S72,8d 6,o0
69,67 0846,5
70.83 66,7j
67,53 71,56
61.15 59.32
57.51 56.36

74.34 72.11
102. '5 102.55


,0.77 93.99
57.82 58.28
78.28 72.63

62.78 59,99
80.43 19.18
84.17 75.18

80.96 79.25

79.21 71.36

76,04 69.57
76.33 68.80


ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Nondurabls 6oods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile mill products
Apparel and related products
Paper and allied products; printing,
publishing and allied Industries
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum refining and related
industries; rubber and miscel.
laneous plastic products
Leather and leather products
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products; furniture
and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Metal products
Machinery, except electrical; and
transportation equipment
Electrical macbinory, equipment
and supplies
Professional and scientific Instru.
sents and allied products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries


K N~- __ __ ___ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ _


* Cifra revisadas a base de el Conso
Revised figures based on the Census


de Industries Manufactureras on Puerto Rico de octubre de 1980
of Manufacturing industries in PUerto Rico for October 1980


- -- ----
---------------


--


,- --- ----


n 1 I





42

Indices (1967 = 100)


235

234

233

232

231

230

229

228

227

226

225

224

223

222

221

22

21

21

21

21

21

214

2

10


INDICE DE PRECIOUS AL CONSUMIDOR PARA TODAS LAS FAMILIES
Y FAMILIES OBRERAS EN PUERTO RICO
MAYO 1980 A MAYO 1981


Indice Familias Obreras



.............. Indice Todas las Familias


A I a i a


I t


I r


I I I f I M
m J J A S 0 N D E F M A
1 JJASON1981A


I I


loan


1981







NOTAS ACLARATODRIALS


ENCUSSTA DE VIVIENDAS

La informaci6n que se present
en este inforae se basa en una en-
cuesta realizada por el Negociado
de Etdstdsticas-del Trabajo en una
.uestra de viviendas representatives
de la poblaci6n de Puerto Rico. La
encuesta se realize mensualmente en
una muestra de alrededor de 6,000
viviendas.

En cada vivienda entrevistada,
se hacen varias preguntas acerca de
cada uno de los miembros de 16 afios
y ams de edad, con el fin de deter-
minar si estin eapleados, desemplea-
dos, o fuera del grupo trabajador;
asi como preguntas relacionadas con
la ocupaci6n, industrial, horas traba-
Jadas y otras caracteristicas do
estas personas.

Se usa como period de referen-
cia unasemana fija, aquella que con-
tiene el dia 12 del mes. La encuesta
se llev aa cabo durante la semana
imaediatamente despu6s de la semana
de referencia.

Debido a que s61o se estudia una
muestra de todas las viviendas en
Puerto Rico, es necesario inflar las
cifras obtenidas en la encuoeta para
ast obtener estimados de enpleo y
desemploo para toda la poblaci6n. La
information obtenida de la muestra se
infla a estimados de la poblaci6a
"ivil no institutional de 16 afios y


HOUSEHOLD SURVEY

The information presented in this report
is based on a survey carried out by the
Bureau of Labor Statistics in a sample of
households representing a cross section of
the population of Puerto Rico. The survey
is carried out on a monthly basis in a sam-
pie of around 6,000 households.



In each household interviewed, a num-
ber of questions are asked concerning each
household member 16 years old and over, in
order to ascertain if they are employed, un-
employed, or not in the labor force; as well
as questions related to occupation, industry,
hour worAed and other characteristics regar-
ding these persons.


A fixed reference week is used, namely
the one containing the twelfth of the month,
The survey is carried out in the week
immediately after the reference week.


Due to the fact that only a sample of
all households of Puerto Rico is studied,
it is necessary to inflate the figures
obtained in the survey, in order to obtain
estimates of employment and unmeployment for
the whole population. The information
obtained from the sample is inflated to
estimates of the civilian noninstitutional
pop-' tion 16 years old and over,


ErXPA`MTORY~ NOTES








mls por grupos de edad y sezo.

Estos eatimados se preparan de
la siguienl.e mnanera: Primeramente,
se obtione ua estiwnado de. la pobla-
cift total de Puerto Rico preparado
por la Junta de Plaaiiioacift. Este
se calculiaa partieido, de lIo resulta-
d,) del Ceuso de Poblaci6rn de abril
de IS70 y toiiando en considerations
los cimbios registrados en la pobla-
cift debido ald incremento natural
(nacizientz y defuiiclones) y la
i~razth ieta. EsfM citra d$1 poIbia-
.gci oal ajusta para obteber
voblaci6n civil noinstitucional, ree-
thindle estims.dos del nfiwero de per-
sonas en 1as ?uarzas Armiadas y de la
poblaci~6 n e71institucioues. Final-
m-ente se distribuye la poblacitn
civil noinstitucional en groups de
edad y sexo de acuredo cuV la distri-
b'.ucift obeorvada en la miiuestra duran-
to los OAtimos (12) meses.

Los eatimados que ze presentan
ea e~ste iyaforme estfn afectados por
la variabiJl4,1ad de la ruestra utili-
zada. En t.rainos generals, mien-
tras mayor es la cifra infornada,
MayOr es la confiabilidad del esti-
made. iebidc, a esta variabfiidad,
no debe darsa muoho 6nfasis a peque-
Flas diferericias.

Las cifrazi publicadas no siempre
SuMan a los totales debido a que han
sido redon-deadas. Los por cientos
han sido calculados a base de cifras
Sin re8(xadsear.


by age and sex groups.


These estimates are prepared as follows:
First, an estimate of the total population
of Puerto Rico is obtained from the Planning
Board. This is computed on the basis of the
results of the April 1970 Population census,
taking into account the changes occurred in
the population due to natural increase (bir-
ths and death) auid net migration. This to-
tal population figure is adjusted to obtain
civilian nouinstitutional population, by
subtracting estLimCtes of the number of per-
sons in tbh Arded Forces and of the institu-
tional pop?'ation. Finally, the civilian
noniastitutioenal population is broken down
by age and sex groups, according to the dis-
tribution cbserv-d 'in the sample during the
latest twelve months.





The estimates presented here are
affected by the chance variation of the
sample used. In general, the larger the
figure reported, the greater the reliability
of the estimates. Because of this varia-
bility, too much emphasAs should not be pla-
ced on small differences.


The figures published do not always
add to the totals due to rounding. Percen-
tages have been computed from unrounded
figures.









DE1?lNICION DE TERMfIN OS


La Poblacita Civil No Institu-
cionral ^de_ 16 ^og As comtprende la
poblaciGn de 16 aflos y mis de edad,
excluyendo las personas en las Fuerzas
Armadas y las recluidas en institu-
ciones tales como prisiones, asilos y
hcspitales rara enfermeddess cr6iicas.

Per.sonas empleadas son aquellas
que, durante la. semana cubierts por la
eacuesta, se encontraban:

1. "trabajando" las que reali-
zaron algfin trabajo per paga o ganan-
cia o trabajaron sin paga por 15 horas
o JnS durante la seaana en la finca o
negocio de un miembro de la familiar
que habitaba en la misma vivienda o,

2. "con empleo pero no traba-
Jaudo" aquellas que no trabejaron
y no buscaron trabajo, pero tenlan
un empleo o negocio del cual estaban
ausentes tempcreraaente por enfeime-
dad, vacaciones, mal tieapo, con-
flictos obreros, o paro temporero
con instrucciones de regresar al tra-
bajo dentro de los prbximos 30 dias.
Se include tambiSn en esta categoria
a personas que habian conseguido-nue-
vos empleos en los cuales deberian
comenzar a trab~ajar dentro de los
pr6ximos 30 dias, ast como las per-
sonas que van a abrir una oficina, ne-
gocio, tienda o finca dentro de los
pr6ximos 30 dias.


The Civilian NQMnap tuational. Popu-
lation iL_6ears of age ai4 over comprises
th e population-6 years of age and over,
excluding persons in the Ar3ed Forces and
inmates in institutions such as prisons,
asylums and hospitals for chronic disease.


Employed persons coEprise those who,
during the survey week were either:


I. "at work" those who did any
work for pay or profit, or worked without
pay for 15 hours or more on a family farm
or business for a member living in the
same household, or


2. "with a job but not at work" -
those aho did not work and were not loo-
king for work but had a job or business
from which they were temporarily absent
because of illness, vacations, bad weather,
industrial disputes, or layoff with ins-
truction to return to work within 30 days
of layoff. Also included are persons who
had obtained new jobs at which they were
scheduled to begin work within the text
30 days and persons who are going to start
the operation of an office, business,
store or farm, within 30 days of the enu-
meration date.


DEFINITIONM OF TERVIS











Personas desempleadas son aquellas
que no trabajaron durante la seaaa de
referencia pero estaban buscando tra-
bajo activasente. Se incluyen tambibn
bajo este rengl6n las personas que hu-
biesen estado buscando trabajo si no
hubiera sido porque:

1. Esperaban regresar a un em-
pleo del cial hablan sido suspen-
didoe por un periodo de 30 dias o


2. Esperaban comenzar un nuevo
trebajo er. n perlodo de 30 dias o
aA a partir de la fecha de eaumera-
cibn. Tamabin se incluyen personas
que espereban com~nzar Ia operaci6n
de una oficina, tienda, negocio o
finca en un period de 30 dias o mis
a partir de la fecha de onuineracin.

3. Estaban enfermos temporera-
mente.

Para los fines de preparar los
estiardos-de deseapleo, las personas
deseupleadas se clasifican de acuerdo
con la industrial y la ocupaci6n de
su ltimo empleo. En consecuencia,
las personas desempleadas sin expe-
riencia previa do trabajo no se
clasifican por industrial y ocupaci6n.


Unemployed persons includes those who
did not work at all during the survey week,
but were actively looking for work. Also
included as unemployed are persons who
would have been looking for work except that:


1. They expected to return to a job
.from which they had been laid off for a
period of 30 days or more.

2. They expected to start a new job
30 days or more from the enumeration date.
Also included all persons who expected to
start the operation of an office, store,
business or farm 30 days or more from the
enaue'atiin date.


3. They were temporarily ill.


For the purpose of preparing uneaploy-
sent estimates, unemployed persons are
classified according to the industry and
occupation of their last job. Consequently,
persons without previous work experience are
not classified by industry and occupation.






- e


El grupo trabajador civil com-
prende la poblaci6n civil no institu-
cional de 16 alios y mts empleada y
desempleada.

Las personas fuera del grapo
trabajador son todos los civiies d
16 afios y mls.no cubiertos por las
definiciones de empleados y desen-
pleados. Esta clasificaci6n se com-
pone de los siguientes grupos:

1. "dedicados a oficies domas-
ticos" aquellas personas dedicadas
a los quehaceres dosasticos en su
propia casa.


2. "en la escuela" personas
que asisten a la escuela.

3. "incapacitados" aquellas
personas permanentemeute incapacita-
dos para trabajar.

4. "otros" este grupo se can-
pone principalmente de personas reti-
radas, los ociosos voluntarios y al-
gunos trabajadores en industries
estacionales que en la semana de
referencia se encontraban en el
perlodo de inactivtdad de la indus-
tris y no estaban buscando trabajo.

El Empleo Pleno incluye los
siguientes grupos:

1. Empleados a journal o sueldo
que trabajaron 35 horas o afs a la
semana.


The civilian labor force comprises-
the civilian noniatitutional- population
16 years of age and over, employed and
unemployed.

All civilian 16 years of age and
over, who are not classified as employed
or unemployed are classified as not in the
labor force. This classification is coa-
posed of the following groups:


1. "keeping house" those persons
engaged in their own housework.


2.
school.


"at school" persons attending


3. "unable" those persons perma
neatly unable to work.


4. "others" this group includes
for the most part, retired persons, the
voluntary idle, and certain seasonal wor-
kers for whoa the reference week fell in
an "off" season, and were not looking for
work.



Full Employaent includes the following
groups:

1. Persons working 35 hours a week or
more for a wage or salary.







& "
2. Empleados a journal o sueldo
que trabajarpn menos de 35 horas a la
semnaa, pero no deseaban trabajar a&s
horas.

3. Empleados por cuenta prcpia
excepto agricultores en fineas de
subsistencia) que no deseaban traba-
jar aSs horas.

El Subetpleo include los siguien-
tea grupos:

1. Empleados a journal a sueldo
que trabajaron menos de 35 horas a
la semana y deseaban trabajar ms ho-
ras.

2. Agricultores en fincas de
subsistencia, sin toner en considera-
ci6n horas trabajadas a la senana o
deseos de trabajar Msa horas. "Agri-
cultores en fincas de subsistencia"
son-aquellos qu produce prduc prncipal-
enate para el consumo de la propia
familia.

3. EUpleados por cuenta propia
excepto agriculture en fincas de
subsistencia) que deseaban trabajar
menos horas, independientemente del
nafero de horas trabajadas.

El salario semanal aediano es
el salario del trabajador que quedaria
en el medio si todos los trabajadores
so colocaran en orden ascendente o des-
cendente de salario.


2. Persons working less than 35 hours
a week for a wage or salary who did not want
to work more hours.


3. Selfemployed persons (other than.
subsistence farmers) who did not want to
work more honrs.


Underemploent includes the following
groups:

1. Persons working less than 35 hours
a week for a wage or salary who wanted to
work more hours.


2. Subsistence farmers, without consi-
dering number of hours worked or desire to
work more hours. "Subsistence farmers" are
farmers who produce mainly for consumption
in their own hossahold.



3. Selfemployed persons (other than
subsistence farmers) irrespective of the
number of hours worked, who wanted to work
more hours.


The median weekly earig is the sa-
lary of the oidlo wororker if all workers
are arranged in ascending or descending
order of salary.








Se obtiene informaci6n del in-
greso de los empleados asalariados
durante la semana anterior a aquella
en que se hace la entrevista. De
estos datos, se preparan estimados de
salario semanal aediano por grupos
industrials y ocupacionales.

No estAn incluidos en los esti-
mados de salario semanal mediano los
salaries de las personas clasificadas
como "con empleo pero no trabajando".
Estas personas tenlan un empleo del
cual estaban ausentes temporeraaente
por enfermedad, vacaciones, mal
tiempo, conflicts obreros o paros
temporeros con instrucciones de re-
gresar al trabajo dentro de los pr6-
ximos 30 dlas.

CLAS1PICACION INDUSTRIAL

Debido a que la informaci6n de
esta encuesta se obtiene en las
viviendas y la mayor part de las
veces el informant no es la persona
a quien se refieren los datos; no es
possible hacer una clasificaciOn
industrial tan precise cOmo la que
se lleva a cabo para la encuesta de
Empleo, Boras y Salarios basados en
las n6minas de los establecimientos,
que realize este mismo Negociado.

Estas dos encuestas se comple-
mentan, ya queen la-de establaci-
aientos no es possible obtener un
estimado global de empleo que incluya
a las personas que trabajan por su
cuenta y a las que trabajan sin paga


Information is obtained on the earnings
of the employees during the reference week.
From these data estimates of median weekly
earnings by industry, and occupational
groups, are prepared.


Nut included in these estimates are the
earnings of those workers classified as "with
a job but not at work". These persons had a
job from which they were temporarily absent
due to illness, vacations, bad weather, indus-
trial disputes, or layoff with instructions to
return to work within 30 days of layoff.




INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION

Due to the fact that the information of
this survey is obtained from households, and,
in most cases, the respondent is not the per-
son to whom the data refers; it is not
possible to make an industrial classification
as accurate as the one that is made in the
survey on Employment, Hours and Earnings
based on establishments payrolls which is
also carried on by this Bureau.


These two surveys are complementary
since the establishment survey does not
provide for an overall employment estimate,
including the selfemployed and unpaid fa-
mily workers.








para un familiar. Taapoco propor-
ciona los medios para estimar desea-
pleo y otras caracteristicas del
grupo trabajador.

En vista de las limitaciones de
la encuesta de viviendas con respect
a clasificaci6n industrial, se reco-
mienda a los usuarios que den prefe-
rencia a los estiadoe de empleo por
grupo industrial que prepare regular-
mente este Negociado a base de la
encuesta de estableciaientos.

INDICE DE PRECIOUS

El Indice de Precios al Consumi-
dor para Faailias Obreras aide, entire
dos periods especificados, el cambio
promedio en los precious al por menor
de los bienes y servicios que acos-
tumbran comprar las families obreras
en Puerto Rico.

E1 perlodo base que se usa para
calcularlo es 1967 100. Por lo
tanto, el Indice aide la disainuci6n
o auaento relative en los precious con
respect al promedio del aio natural
1967.

Para el c6aputo del indice se
recopilan los precious de unos 193
bienes y servicios distintos EBte
grupo de bienes y servicios se ob-
tuvo del Estudio de Ingrepos y Gas-
tos de las Faailias en 1963, y fue
seleccionado de tal manera que re-
presenta el consumo usual de las
families obreras.


Nor does it provide the means to estimate
unemployment and other characteristic of
the labor force.


In view of the limitations of the
household survey with regard to industrial
classification, users are advised to pre-
for the employment estimates by industry
group regularly prepared by this Bureau,
based on the establishment survey.


CONSUMER PRICE INgBEX

The Consumer Price Index for Wage Ear-
ners' Families measures, between two given
periods, the average change in the retail
prices of the goods and services usually
purchased by wage earners' families in
Puerto Rico.


It is calculated using 1967 100 as
the base period. Therefore, the index
measures the relative drop or increase in
the prices with respect to the average re-
corded in calendar year 1967.

For the computation of the index the
prices of about 193 different goods and ser-
vices are compiled. This group of goods and
services was obtained from the 1963 Family
Income and Expenditures Study, and was selec-
ted in such a way as to represent the ordi-
nary consumption of .age earners' families.


- h-











Los precious de los distintos
bienes y servicios se recopilan
todos los msese en un n(mhero deter-
minado de establecimentos done
acostumbran comprar las families
obreras.

Los bienes y servicios se han
agrupado en cuatro grupos princi-
pales, a saber: Alimentos, Aloja-
uiento, Ropa y Servicios Relacio-
nados y Articulos y Servicios
Miscel&neos. Estos a su vez, se han
reagrupados en subgrupos y grupos
especiales.

ENWCUSTA PD FSTABLECIMIENTOS


Conceptos


Estableciliento -- Fibrica o plant
done se desarrolla una actividad
manufacturer. En aquellos casos en
que una firma tenia una o aAs fabri-
cas en distintos locales que elaboran
el mismo product y tenla una sola
n6mina, se obtuvo un solo informe.
En los casos en que una firma se dedi-
caba a distintas actiVidades manufac-
tureras y tenia n6minas separadas se
hizo un informed para cada actividad.


Industrial Consiste de un grupo de
estableciaientos dedicados principal-
mente a un iismo grupo y lines siai-
lares de actividad econ6mica.


The prices of the different goods and
services are compiled every, month at a
determinate number of retail outlets usually
patronized by wage earners' families,


These goods and services have been
classified in four major groups, namely:
Food, Housing, Clothing and Related Services,
and Miscellaneous Goods and Services. These
in turn, have been regrouped in subgroups
and special groups.


ESTABLISHMENTS SURVEY

Concepts

Establi3-3ent -- A single physical location
at which .n employer carries on his busi-
ness activities. In those cases in which a
firm was operating establishments at more
than one location, but all the plants were
manufacturing the same product and kept one
payroll, no separate reports were filled
out for each establishment. For firms
engaged in different manufacturing activi-
ties, separate forms were filled out for
each activity whenever separate payrolls
were available.

Industry -- Consists of a group of establish-
ments primarily engaged in the same line or
similar lines of economic activity.












Industrias Manufactureras -- Incluye
aquellos establteciWentos general-
mente conocidos como plants, fabricas,
o aolinos que.se dedican a la trans-
foraci6n aecinica o quimica de subs-
tancias orgAnlcas o inorgAnicas en
nuevos pioductos. Lofs materials
elaborados per estos establecieientos
incluycn products agricolas, fores-
tales, pesqueros y de. ineria. E1
product puede ser "terminado" en el
sentido de que est listo para dis-
tribuci6n o puede eer "semiterminado"
para ser usado como material prima en
la manufacture de otros productss.

FPbrica Proaovida por la Administra-
cidn de Foaento EconOmico-- Una f
brica promovida per Fomento es
aquella que se haya establecido en
Puerto Rico coao resultado, cuando
aenos en parte, de esfuerzos hechos
por la Administraci6n de Fomento
Econ6mico o la Coapalia de Pomento
Industrial. Est~e esfuerzos incluyen
anuacios, publicidad, promoci6n,
investigaci6n, oferta de un edificio
en alquiler o en otras condiciones,
pr6stamos, inversi6n de capital, ayu-
da en la selecciOn y adiestraniento
de trabajadores, y en la adquisicifn
de otros tipos de inoornalt6n y
asistencia para el coaienso de opera-
clones.


Manufacturing Industries -- Comprises those
establishments coamoly known as plants,
factories or mills which are .engaged in the
manufacture of new products from organic or
inorganic substances by mechanical or che-
mical means. The materials processed in
these establishments include products of
agriculture, fishing, forestry and mining.
The product may be "finished" in the sense
that it is ready for distribution or say be
semifinished and used as raw material for
the manufacture of other products.



Plant Promoted by the Economic Develolpent
Administration -- A oamento promoted plant
or -A-pronoted plant, is one which has
been established in Puerto Rico at least
partly as the result of efforts made by the
Economic Development Administration or the
Puerto Rico Industrial Development Company.
Such efforts include advertising, publicity,
promotion, research, provision or a buil-
ding on rental or other basis, loans, inves-
vestment of equity capital, help in selec-
tion or training of workers, and the provi-
sion of other information and assistance in
making startingup arrangements1


-3-









Artlculos Noduraderos -- Incluye
alimentos y products arAlogos;
products de tabaco; products
textiles; ropa y products .anlogoe;
papel y products analogos; publica-
ciones e iudustrias anAlogas; pro-
ductos quimicos y anAlogos; refine-
rias de petr6leo e industries rela-
cionadas; products de gosa y
productoe plAsticos aiscelAneos; y
cuero y products de cuero.


Articulos Duraderos -- Incluye pro-
u~Tos de madera, amuebles y acceso-
rios; productoo de piedra-, barro y
crystal; products de metal; maqui-
narta, except el9ctrica; equipo de
transport; maquinaria, equipo y
efectos el6ctricos; instrtnmentos
profesionales y cieatlficos y prod-
ductos relacionados; e industries
manufacturers miscelUneas.


Epleo Total -- Las cifras de empleo
total cub--re las personas que traba-
jaron o recibieron paga por todo o
part del tiempo de la semana que
tersiin6 =As cerca del dia 15 de cada
aes.

Incluye las personas que apare-
cea on la n6mina del establecimiento
y que estaban con licencia par
enfermedad, dia festivo o vacaciones
con paga. I-ncluye tambi6n las que
trabajaron durante part del period
solamente. Incluye adedsa los ofi-
ciales asalarlafc.- d-o 'rzrwtsn, .


Nondurable Goods -- Includes food and kin-
dred products; tobacco manufactures; tex-
tile mill products; apparel and related
products; paper and allied products; prin-
ting, publishing and allied industries;
chemicals and allied products; petroleum
refining and related industries; rubber and
miscellaneous plastic products; and leather
and leather products,


Durable Gocds -- Includes lumber and wood
products; furniture and fixtures; stone,
clay, and glass products; metal products;
machinery, except electrical; transportation
equipment; electrical machinery, equipment
and supplies; professional and scientific
instruments and allied products; and niscella-
neous manufacturing industries.


Total Yr-iiyent -- Total employment data re-
e-rto persons who worked during, or received
pay for all or any part of the pay period en-
ding nearest the 15th of each month



Includes persons on the establish-
me-ts payroll who were on paid sick
leave, paid holiday, or paid vacations.
Includes those who worked only during
a part of the pay period. Includes
also salaried officers of corporations.










No incluye las personas que
estaban empleadas pero no se presen-.
taron a su trabajo durante la seimana
del estudio. Tajpoco include a los
duefos,; alembros de las Puerzas Axima-
das y familiares sin paga.

Como las cifras de empleo del
Negociado de Estadisticas se obtlenen
de las n6Minas de los estableciaientos,,
cualquier persona que trabajpi en a s. de
un establecimiento durante la semana de
pago de la encuesta se eont6 mds de una
vez. La cifra de empleo total, por lo
tanto, no es una media del neaero de
empleos do tiempo complete disponible,
ni un contaje sin duplicar del nwaero
de trabajadores con paga. La cifra.
represent el n6aero de personas en
establecimientos manufacturers durante
la semana de page que cubri6 la encues-
ta.

orabaJadores de Producci6n y Relacio-
nados -- Incluye capataces y today
chase de trabajadores de produccir6
(incluyendo adiestramientos y apren-
dices) oempados en la fabricacisn,
elaboraci6n, imontaje, inspecci6n,
almacenaje, recibo, dep6sito, a iejo,
embarque, empaque, reparaci6n y
mantentilento de la maquinaria y
plant fisica, liapieza, vigilancia,
desarrollo de products, producci6n
auxiliary para el propio peo de la
plant (por ejemplo, producci6n de
energia elfctrica), aantenimiento de
records y otros servioos estrecha-
mente relacionados con las opera-
dao!??^ tsy-',!'^- '"-*'*'*^--'.*- *-y+/'<-

Excludes those persons who were hired
but did not report to work during the period
nor the propietors, members of unincorporated
firm, pensioners, mbers of the Armed Forces
and unpaid family workers.

Since the Bureau of Labor Statistics
employment figures are based on the establish-
aent's payroll records, persons who worked in
more than one establishment during the repor-
ting period are counted more than once. Thus,
the total. employraent count is not a measure of
the number of available fulltime jobs, or an
unduplicated count of paid workers. The fi-
gures represent the total number of persons
employed i manufacturing establishments
during the specified payroll period.




Production and Related Workers -- Includes
boring foremen and a nosupervisory wor-
kers (including leaden and trainees) en-
god in fabricating, processing, assembling,
inspection, receiving, storage, handling,
packing, warehousing, repair and maintenance
of machinery and buildings, production for
plant's own use (e.g., power plant), and
record keeping, and other services closely
associated with the above production opera-
tions.


- i -









N6mina -- Incluye la n6mina de los
trabajadores de producci6n y rela-'
cionados para la semana termainada
mas cerea del dia 15 del ues, anhtes
de hacer las deducciones para el
page de contribuci6n del Seguro Fede-
ral de Vejez y Sobrevivientes, pugo
de salaries anticipados, cuotas do
Uniones y otras deducciones. Include
paga por licencia por enferfedad,
dias feriados y vacaciones. Excluye
paga retroactive correspondiente a
perlodos anteriores, today paga en
especie y las comisiones y bonifica-
ciones a menos que estas sean gana-
das y pagadas regulaxuante en cada
periodo de pago.

'loras -- Incluye el total do horas
traibajadas por los trabajadores de
producciuny relacionados, asi como
horas pagadas por dias feriados,
por licencia por enfermedad y per
vaacaiones. No se redujeron las
horas extras a. us equivalents
regulars.

Salarto por Hora y Salario Semanal
Pronmedio -- La informaci6n sobre
salarlo represent el salario "bruto".
El salario rofleja no solo los caa-
bios habidos en los tipos pagados per
hora o por pieza, sino otros factors
coio cambios en paga y periods de
tiempo trabajado en horas y turnos
extraordinarios. Refleja'aden~s los
ca&tbios en la productividad de loa
trabajadores de producci6n pagados


payroll -- Includes weekly payroll of
both T u and part tiae workers who worked
during or received pay for any part of the
pay period ending nearest the 15tb of the
month, before deductions for OASI, advance
payments, group insurance, union dues, and
other deductions. Includes payments for
sick leave, paid holidays and paid vaca-
tions. Excludes retroactive pay not earned
during period reported, value of payments
in kind, and commissions and bonuses unless
earned and paid regularly.





burs -- Includes man hours actually wor-
ked or paid for by full and part time pro-
duction and related workers including
hours paid for stand by or reporting time,
holidays, sick leave and vacations. Over-
time hours were not converted to straight
time equivalent hours.

Average Hourly and Weekly arningA --
Average earnings for manufacturing indus-
tries are in a "gross basis". The average
earnings reflect not only changes in basic
hourly and incentive wage rates, but also
such factors as premium pay for overtime
and late shift work. They also reflect the
changes in output of workers paid on an










por tarea. Este proaedio es afec-
tado tambi6n por las variaciones
en el empleo de obreros en ocupacjo-
nes con salario de tipos altos y bajos,
y por luos cambios en salaries pagados
por el estableclmiento.

E1 salario proaedio por hora no
debe confundirse con el tipo de sala-
rio por hora. Salario promedio se
refiere a la paga de hecho recibida
por el obrero por un period especl-
fico de tieapo; tipo de salario es
Ia paga estipulada por una unidad de
tempo o de producci6bn

Sin embargo, el salario proxedio
no debe interpretarse coso el cost
total de la mano de obra, ya que no
include las siguientes partidan:
Lonas pagados irregularmente, pagos
retroactivos, aportaciones del pa-
trono al fondo de seguridad social,
contribuciones sobre n6minas
(seguridad de empleo) y los salaries
de aquellos empleados no cubiertos
por la definicibn de trabajadores de
produceci6n. -

El salario semanal promedio es
afectado por caabios en el salario
por hora, y en las horas trabajadas.
Lo afecta adends el trabajo parcial,
loe paros, los cambios do trabaja-
dores y el ausentisno.


incentive basis. Employment shifts between
relative high paid and low paid work and
changes in workers earnings in individual
establishments also affect the general ear-
nings average.

Average hourly earnings should not be
confused with wage rates. Earnings refer
to the actual return to the workers for a
stated period of time, rates are the amounts
stipulated for a given unit of workers or
time.


However, the average earnings should
not be interpreted as representing total
labor costs, since the following iteas are
excluded: irregular bonuses, retroactive
items, payments for welfare benefits, pay-
roll taxes paid by employers, and earnings
for those employees not covered under the
production workers definitions.




Average weekly earnings are affected
by changes in average hourly earnings, and
in the length of the workweek. They ?*
also affected by part tiae work, Stoppages,
labor turnover- and absesteeism.


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