ubfialishd bh gAuthority,
VOL. 88.] SAINT VINCENT. TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955. [No. 52.
It is hereby notified for general information that in the event of a hurri-
cane threatening or approaching the Island, the following warnings will be
KINGSTOWN (1) A white flag with a black
centre will be flown on
(2) Loudspeaker and Radio
(3) Three saluting guns will
RUrAL AREAs (1) A white flag with a black
centre will oe flown from
(2) Loudspeaker and Radio
5th July, 1955.
CROWN AGENTS FOR OVERSEAS With r
GOVERNMENTS & ADMINISTRATIONS. 2nd Aug
The Secretary of Siate for the Col- C'10 1,0'
onies has appointed Sir A I.F ED Wi fe
SAVAGE, K.C.M.(G.. Formerly (ov- (;ih Se
ernor of British Guiana, ;as Sec',nd (P. 149).
Crown A.aent in successi(,ii to Sir
GEORGE BERESFORD-STOOK:'. K.C(.M.G. No. 401,
Sir ALFRED SAVAGE will iakr up his
duties toward the end of Octobhtr.
6tb September, 1955. Mr. V
(C.A. 11/1952). tance an
(1) Church bells wiil ring for
(2) Cotton Ginnery whistle will
blow for 5 minutes.
(3) The siren will blow for 5
Church bells will ling
qtfrence to Notice No.'350 of
ust. 1955, Miss N. D. SPROTT,
lerlk, F.W.D., resumed duties
(It Iront 27th August. 1955.
IVlAN T. YOUNG, Public Assis-
ol Probation Officer, has been
284 SAINT VINCENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52).
granted four months vacation leave
with effect from let September, 1955.
6th September, 1955.
(P. F. 546).
SUPPLEMENT TO GAZETTE.
The Administration Report on the
Medical Department for the year 1953
is published with this issue of the
6th September, 1955.
UNDER THE BURIAL GROUNDS
By virtue of the power contained in
Section 3 (2) of the Burial Grounds
Ordinance of 1951, No. 1 of 1951) the
Governor-in-Council hereby sets apart
as a public burial ground all that por-
tion of land situated at Sandy Bay in
the Parish of Charlotte, in the Island of
St. Vincent, containing 3rds. 1 perch
and bounded on the North, North East
and East by the edge of a dry ravine, on
the South by the edge of a bank which
slopes to the Callau River, and on the
West by the edge of a track.
A. V. KING,
6th September, 1955.
TERM III 1955 will begin on Monday
12th September, 1955, at 10.30 a.m.
J. F. GORDON,
24th August, 1955.
GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOL.
TERM III, 1955 will begin on Monday
12th September, 1955, at 10.30 a.m.
J. M. BUCHAN,
24th August, 1955.
EXAMINATION FOR THE AWARD OF
A Competitive examination for the
award of Scholarships for boys and
girls tenable at the Grammar School
and the Girls' High School will be held
at the Richmond Hill Government
School on Friday, 7th October, 1965,
beginning at 9.00 a.m.
2. The Scholarships are open to
pupils attending Government or Assist-
ed Primary Schools or Private Schools
which satisfy the requirements of the
Board of Education, and entitle the
holders to free tuition, games and
library fees and the necessary school
books and stationery. A maintenance
grant at the rate of ninety-six dollars
per annum is payable to scholarships
holders whose normal place of residence
is at least two miles from the limits of
Kingstown measured by the shortest
public highway and who have to live
away from home for the purpose of
taking advantage of the scholarship.
3. Candidates must (a) have been
less than 12 years of age on the 15th
September, 1955. Age must be proved
by a birth or baptismal certificate.
(b) have attended a Government
or Assisted Primary School or
Private School which satisfies
the requirements of the Board
of Education, during the twelve
months preceding the 15th Sep-
tember, 1955. for not less than
75% of the maximum attend-
ances possible during such
period, as shown in the Atten-
dance Register kept in the
(c) furnish certificates of good con-
duct from the Head Teacher or
Head Teachers of such school
(d) be natives of the Colony, or
children of natives or have
been resident in the Colony for
at least two years.
4. The Education Officer is em-
powered to accept for examination any
candidate who, t h r o ugh illness has
failed to comply with the requirements
of paragraph 3 (b) above, with respect,
to the number of attendances.
5. No Scholarship shall be awarded
to any candidate who obtains less than
one-third of the possible marks in each
subject and less than one-half of the
total possible marks in the examination.
6. Scholarships are awarded for a
period of not more than six years pro-
vided the scholar's attendance, conduct
and progress as shown by the term re-
ports are considered satisfactory.
7. Candidates will be examined in
SAINT VINGENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52). 285
English, including Reading, Arithmetic
and General Knowledge.
8. Applications accompanied by
proper proof of age must reach the
Education Office not later than Saturday
17th September, 1955.
W. M. LOPEY.
Ag. Education Officer.
Department of Education,
26th August, 1955.
Notice is hereby given that a competi-
tive examination for the award of the
annual Kingstown Board Scholarships
for two boys and two girls tenable at the
Grammar School and the Girls' High
school will be held at the Richmond Hill
Government School on Friday 7th
October, 1955, commencing at 9.00 a.m.
2. Qualifications for Scholarship:
Each candidate for scholarsH:ip must be
a pupil of a private or put'ic school in
the Colony, must have beei resident in
the Town of Kingstown or within half
a mile of the boundaries thereof during
three years preceding the date of his
or her selection for the scholarship, and
must produce a satisfactory certificate
of good behaviour before being permit-
ted to enter for the scholarship.
3 Age of Candidates: Each candi-
date must have been less than twelve
years of age on the 31st July, 1955. Age
must be proved by -a birth or baptismal
certificate or other proper and satis-
factory evidence of his or her age.
4. Tenure of Scholarship: The said
scholarships shall be tenable for a
period of five years.
5. Requirements as to Marks: No
candidate will be awarded a scholar-
ship who does not obtain at least one-
third of the maximum number of
marks in each subject and at least one-
half of the total marks in the examin-
6. Applications .accompanied by prop-
er proof of age must reach the Town
Hall, Paul's Lot, not later than 3.00 p.m.,
Saturday, 24th September, 1955.
V. G. DASILVA,
Office of the Kingstown Board,
30th August, 1955.
POST OFFICE NOTICES.
It is hereby notified for general in-
formation that the current King George
VI issue of stamps, in fourteen denomi-
nations from 1 cent to $4.80, will bhe
withdrawn at the close of business on
15th September, 1955 and will be re-
placed as from September 16th by the
new Queen Elizabeth II issue which
will be in 12 denominations. as fol-
lows :- 1, 2. 3, 4, 5. 10. 15. 20, 25 and
:'0 cents, $1.00 and $2.50.
22nd August, 1955.
In connection with the new issue of
QUEEN ELIZABETH II stamps, Vendors
are requested to send their demands to
the Colonial Postmaster not later than
Monday. 12th September, 1955. The
stamps thus ordered will be put in
sealed packets and will be delivered on
the morning of the 12th September,
1955 at 8.30 a.m.
POST MARKING LETTERS UNDER DATE
16TH SEPTEMBER, 1955.
Owing to limited staff and office
accommodation, stamp dealers, collec-
tors and others desiring First Day
Covers" to be postmarked 16th Sep-
tember, 1955, are earnestly requested
to co-operate in every way possible with
the Post Office staff in order to avoid
disappointment and delay.
DISTRICT POST OFFICES.
The stamps will be placed on sale at
all District Post Offices at 9.00 a.m. on
the 16th September, 1955.
Me D. SMITH,
General Post Office.
St. Vincent, B.W.I.
6th September. 1955.
By Authority of the Registration of United
Kingdom Patents Ordinance (Chapter 156
of the Revised Laws of St. Vincent, 1926).
NOTICE is hereby given that an
application was on the 5th day of
August, 1955, made by the Welcome
Foundation Limited, a British Com-
pany, of 183-193, Euston Road, Lon-
don, N.W.I.. England, for a patent in
respect of an In vention for improve-
ments in derivatives in pyrimidine.
The present invention relates to a
new process for the preparation of
4-amino-5-aryl pyrimidines and to new
and valuable 2:4-diamino-5-aryl pyri-
midines which may be made thereby.
Any person may at any time within
two months from the date of publication
of this notice in the Gazette, give notice
to the Registrar of opposition to the
286 SAINT VINCENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52).
issue of a certificate of registration upon
any of the grounds prescribed by section
27 of the Patents Ordinance (Cap 155)
for opposition to the grant of Letters
C. E. RAWLE,
Registrar of Patents.
30th August. 1955.
RADIO LICENCE FEES.
The public is hereby notified that the
Police are instituting proceedings
against all owners of Radios who have
deliberately refused or neglected to
pay Licence Fees in respect of the
S. A. ANDERSON, Lt-Col.,
Chief of Police & Licensing Authority.
30th August. 1955.
There will be put up for sale by
public action at Police Headquarters,
Kingstown, on Wednesday 21st Septem-
ber, 1955 the undermentioned articles.
One (1) 700 x 17 tube
Two (2) 700 x 20 tubes
108 pairs black rubber heels
1 iron plane (Acorn made)
1 tin containing brown sugar
1 hurricane lantern
1 grass knife
1 bicycle head lamp
1 small suit case
1 female belt
4 female dresses
1 small trouse s
1 child's dress
1 fish light (2 cells)
1 table knife
1 long razor
14 packs Camel cigarettes
5 packs Chesterfield cigarettes
2 packs Lucky Strike cigarettes
1 pack Pall Mall
S. A. ANDERSON.
Chief of Police.
6th September, 1955.
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF THE
WINDWARD ISLANDS AND LEE-
This is an appeal from a Judgment
of the Magistrate of the Second Dis-
trict, St. Vincent, given on the 24th
June, 1955 by which he entered judg-
ment for $45.00 and costs for the Plain-
tiff (Respondent) .for the loss of a
donkey alleged to be caused by the
The facts are not in dispute and may
be briefly summarised as follows:-
The Appellant's male donkey on the
2nd January, 1955 chased the Respon-
dent's female donkey and as a result
the feinale donkey fell over a cliff and
There was no allegation of negligence
on the part of tlie Respondent, nor was
there any proof of the particular vicious
or mischievous propensity in the ani-
The learned Magistrate in his reasons
for judgment stated that as it is in the
nature of animals for the male to pur-
sue the female he did not consider evi-
dence Scienter was necessary.
In Halsbury's Laws of England
(Halls Ed.) Vol. 1. p. 539 pp. 929 the
following appeals :
"The Law assumes that animals
which from their nature are harmless',
or are rendei ed so by being domesti-
cated for generations are not of a
dangerous disposition, and the owner
of such an animal is not, in the absence
of negligence, liablle for ;in act of a
vicious or mischievous kind which it is
not the animal's nature usually to com-
mit, unless h- knows the animal has the
particular vicious or mischievous pro-
pensity: proof of this knowledge, or
scienter is essential ".
In pp. 930 the following appears:-
The evidence of scienter must
,be directed to the particular mis-
chievous propensity that caused the
Liability for animals in the tame
clasp. and donkeys are within this class,
falls under 3 heaiis (i) damage dine to
SAINT VINCENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52). 287
a mischievous propensity known to the The Sessions will he held at the fol-
owner (ii) trespass (iii) negligence. bowing places at 10 o'clock in the
The Respondent having in his nvi- forenoon:-
dence established none of these facts, District 1 At the Police Station,
on which liability could rest, the judg- Mesopotamia, on Thursday. the
ment of the learned Magistrate cannot 22nd day of September. 1955 and
be sustained and the Appeal must there- the Court House, Kingstown. on
fore be allowed with Costs $10.08 Wednesday. the 28th day of Sep-
K. L. GORDON, member, 1955.
Puisne Judge. District 2- At the Police Station,
22nd August, 1955. Georgetown, on Fridav, the 16th
22nd August, 195.day of September, 1955 and at
the Police Station, Colonarie. on
Tuesday the 6th September, 1955.
District3-At the Police Station,
Re THE ST. VINCENT GOLFING & Layou, on Thursday the 1st day
HOLIDAY RESORTS LTD. of September, 1955.
District 4-At the Police Station, Bar-
(In Voluntary Liquidation). rouallie. on Monday the 12th day
of September, 1955.
NOTICE is hereby given (pursuant to District 5-At the Police Station.
Sections 114 & 128 of Chapter 219 of Chateanbeliir, on Monday the
Revised Laws of St. Vincent) that a 26th
General Meeting of the meibeies of the District 6- At the Police Station,
above-named Company will be held at Port Elizabetb, Bequia, ot Wed-
the Office of Messrs. Bovell & Skeete teslay the 7t day of September
Egmont St., Kingstown St. Vincent on 1955.
Thursday the 13th day or October- 1955
at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, for the Notice of intention to object to any
urypose of having an account laid be- assessment must be given not less
fore then showing the manner in which than ten du;ys before the day fixed for
the winding up has been conducted and the holding of the Session at which the
the property of the Company disposed objection is to be heard.
of, and of bearing any explanation that
may be given by the Liquidator, and N. A. BERRIDGE,
also of determining by extraordinary M.1agi'strate.
resolution the manner in which the MAGISTRATES' OFFICE,
books, accounts, and documents of the KINGSTOWN.
Company and of the Liquidator thereof
shall be disposed of. 3rd August, 1955.
Dated this 25th day of August, 1955.
D.G. MURRAY, NOTICE.
BY AUTHORITY OF THE LAND AND
HOUSE TAX ORDINANCE CAP. 194
The Magistrate will hold special ses-
sions for the purpose of hearing objec-
tions to and appeals from the assess-
ments made by the Tax Officers of St.
George's Parish, District 1; Charlotte
Parish, District 2 ; St. Andrew's Parish,
District 3; St. Patrick's Parish, District
4 ; St. David's Parish, District 5 ; and
the Grenadines, District 6 ; as relate
to property in the First, Second ;and
Third Magisterial Districts.
WARNING : There are rumors that
there have leen cases of rabies in the
other I.slands and owners of (logs in
Kingstown and its environs are asked
to keep their dogs from wandering over
the streets of the To\\n unattended.
All stray dogs found on the streets or
in public places in Kingstown will be
seized and detained, and if not claimed
"at the expiration of seven clear days
after seizure" will be sold or destroyed.
V. G. da SILVA,
19th August. 1955.
288 SAINT VINCENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52).
UNDER THE LIQUOR LICENCE ORDINANCE,' 1948.
IT is hereby notified for general information that the Quarterly Liquor
Licensing Sessions will be held in the undermentioned Parishes for the' purpose
of hearing applications from applicants in their respective Parishes for the
granting of Certificates in accordance with the Liquor Licence Ordinance, 1948,
at the times and places hereunder:-
St. George & St. Andrew
Time and Place of Session..
... At the Court Hcuse, Kingstown, on Wed-
nesday, 21st September, 1955, at 10.00
o'clock in the forenoon.
.. At the Court House, Georgetown, on
Friday, 30th September, 1965, at 10.00
o'clock in the forenoon.
... At the Court House, Barrouallie, on
Monday, 12th September, 1955, at 11.00
o'clock in the forenoon.
At the Court House, Cbateaubelair, on
Monday, 26th September, 1955. at 11.00
o'clock in the forenoon.
... At the Court House, Port Elizabeth, on
Wednesday, 7th Septe,,ber, 1955, at 1100
o'clock in the forenoon.
Notice of intention to oppose the grant of any Certificate stating in general
terms the grounds of the opposition, must be served upon the applicant and
upon the Magistrate not less than seven days before the day fixed for the holding
of the Licensing Session.
PARTICULARS OF APPLICANTS FOR NEW CERTIFICATES.
Name of Applicant.
St. George &
Neil Wallace *
Application for transfer Certificates.
SAINT VINCENT, TUESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER, 1955.-(No. 52). 289
Parish. Name of Applicant. Occupation.
Charlotte ... Benjamin Browne Shopkeeper
N. A. BERRIDGE,
22nd August. 1955.
PRINTED BY TeH GOVERNMENT PRINTER, AT THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE,
KINGTeowN, Ta. VINCmnT,
[Price 24 cent.]
ANNUAL MEDICAL REPORT FOR THE CALENDAR YEAR 1953.
ST. VINCENT WINDWARD ISLANDS.
The Medical Establishment provides for:
1 Senior Medical Officer.
1 Surgeon Specialist (Colonial Hospital).
1 Physician Specialist (Colonial Hospital).
1 House Physician (Colonial Hospital).
7 District Medical Officers.
At the beginning of the year there were four vacancies and the staff posi-
tion deteriorated further during the year.
Drs. Greer and Galis (District Medical Officers) resigned and Dr. Ward
who joined the service only in February also resigned during the year.
In the emergency Dr. H. G. Edmunds, a private practitioner, undertook
part-time duties, but is was still not possible to maintain normal services, and
the number of clinics was severely curtailed.
Dr. J..Kolcan arrived and assumed duty on 31st December. (District Med-
Dr. Harry Munro acted af Physician, Colonial Hospital' from January 10th
to the end of the year as well as undertaking part-time District duties during
the critical staff shortage.
Miss M. L. Wastell arrived and assumed duty as Matron, Colonial Hospital,
on December 18th.
(For details of staff please see Appendix I).
II. TRAINING OF PERSONNEL.
- During the. year two Sanitary Inspectors, Messrs. J. M. Saunders and C. W. B.
Coombs, attended a course of instruction in mosquito control methods in Trin-
idad from 29. 9. 534 to 3. 11. 53. The cost wvs me.t from a W.H.O./P.h.S.B. fellow-
Chemists and Druggists.
One pharmacy student completed his training and successfully passed his
The approved establishment for nurses in training was increased -from 25
Twelve student nurses were admitted to the school during the year and
seven graduated in General Nursing -and. Midwifery. Two students received
midwifery training only.
Miss M. Houghton, the Education Officer of the General Nursing Council
of England and Wales, visited from 3rd to 5th February. Her visit was much
Miss L. Horne, Nutrition Officer for the Windward Islands visited for a few
days in October and from 19th November to 10th December. She advised on
nutritional problems and also oh the equipment of the new kitchen now being
installed at the Colonial Hospital.
List of Statutory Rules and Orders affecting Public Health during the
S.R. & 0. No. 34 of 1953-Public Health (Keepilig of Pigs) Regulations.
S.R. & 0. No. 35 of 1953-The Public Health (Mosquito Control) Regula-
The total estimated Medical and Sanitary expenditure including Colonial
Development and Welfare Schemes is as follows:
(a) Medical and Sanitary (including hospitals).
Personal Emoluments ...... $239,324.00
Other Charges ...... $152,620.00
(b) Colonial Development and Welfare.
Personal Emoluments & Other Charges ...... $ 20,646.00
VI. PUBLIC HEALTH.
The year was unfavourable. The epidemic of Whooping cough reported
in 1952, which causedL 61 deaths in that year, continued in the early months of
1953 and caused 23 reported deaths.
During the latter part of the year an outbreak of measles occurred, which
caused 26 reported deaths. This epidemic continued over into 1954.
Two local outbreaks of typhoid fever occurred in April and May at Clare
Valley and Chateaubelair on the Leeward coast.
There were 55 cases at Clare Valley with 4 deaths and 93 cases at Chateau-
belair with 2 deaths.
Chloromycetin administered reasonably early in the disease, usually con-
trolled the fever in four days. It is regrettable that in some cases the illness
was concealed until too late; a fact which led to most of the deaths reported.
Our experience also emphasized the necessity for continuing treatment for an
adequate period after symptoms are controlled in order to prevent relapse.
Both outbreaks were caused by water-borne infections.
Communicable and Infectious Diseases.
Gastro-enteritis and Colitis. ,
368 cases were reported in under two year olds and 172 cases in over two
year olds. 97 deaths were attributed to this cause. In 1952 the number of
deaths was also 97.
57 cases of dysentery were reported by medical officers, as compared with
69 cases in 1952. There were 6 deaths as compared with 2 in 1952. *
No new cases were found during the year.
IMalaria is not a public health problem at present. Five cases were reported
by medical officers during the year, all diagnosed clinically and unconfirmed
by laboratory examinations. There were no deaths.
The Pneumonias (including Bronchitis).
708 cases of respiratory infection were reported. Deaths attributed to
broncho-pneumonia were 34 and 51 deaths were ascribed to acute bronchitis.
Tetanus caused 8 deaths as compared with 11 in 1952 and 8 in 1951.
Deaths due to pulmonary tuberculosis recorded in the past six years are as
1948 80. 1951 44.
1949 55. 1952 41.
1950 45. 1953 40.
Sporadic cases of typhoid continue to occur. There were in all 7 deaths
from typhoid fever during the year, of which 6 occurred in the epidemics at
Clare Valley and Chateaubelair.
1680 cases were treated in the various District clinics as compared with 1311
in 1952. However, a large percentage of the population suffers from yaws in
some form or other, and it-is not considered that this disease is, under adequate
control, nor that the numbers reported bear any relation to the true incidence
of the disease.
173 cases of syphilis wereltreated in District clinics, of which 127 were classed
as early syphilis and 20 as congenital,
There were 506 cases of gonorrhoae.
The comparative figures for 1952 were 153 cases of syphilis .and 457 of .gon-
The estimated population as of July 1st 1953 is 72,711.
The number of births registered was 3,070 compared with 2,906 in 1952..
The birth rate was 42.2-per 1,000.
The number of deaths registered was 1,127 .as compared with 1,112 in 1952.
The crude death rate was 15.5 per 1,000.
378 deaths of infants under 1 year of age were r
357 in 1952, giving infantile-mortality rates (deaths I
in each case. These high infantile mortality rates
an outbreak of whooping cough (1952 and 1953) and
There were 97 still births recorded, as compared
Comparative table of Birth and Death rates:
Year Population I Births Deaths
recorded, as compared with
er 1000 live births) of 123
ire directly attributable to
with 105 in 1952.
Birth Rate Death Rate
Note: Estimated population for 1953 is estimated .as at July 1st, 1953. For all
previous years the estimated population is as it December 31st of the
year under reference.
TABLE OF 10 PRINCIPAL CAUSES OF DEATH.
Cause of Death
Ill-Defined & Unknown Causes
Gastro-enteritis & Colitis.
Defined Diseases of early infancy
Ill-defined Diseases of early infancy
Avitaminosis & Deficiency- diseases
Bronchitis (chronic & unapialified)
Note: Ill-defined and Unknown causes of
by medical practitioners.
death includes all deaths not certified
VII. HYGIENE AND SANITATION.
Mosquito and Insect borne diseases.
The incidence of these diseases was low. The rise in the incidence of
malaria, as a result of an outbreak of malaria at Union Island in the Grenadines
in January, 1952, subsided early and fell to the normal low number.
Vigilance wds, however, exercised throughout the year and the infestation
never got out of hand. At the Villa Air Port and in the Kingstown area, special
attention was paid to the control of Aedes aegypti 'and while the incidence of
"Culex" at times threatened to get out of hand, the Aedes infestation at these
two points was reduced' to a satisfactorily low percentage. In other infested
areas of the Colony routine measures consisting in filling, draining, cleaning
sides of slow running streams, and oiling were carried out throughout the year.
The following works were done: 53 houses were sprayed with D.D.T., while 632
drains, 2214 pools, 2240 cesspits, 577 boats and 202 other receptacles were oiled.
'20 tanks were also treated with wettable D.D.T.
Routine measures against smallpox -and enteric fever were carr id out. In
the month of April there were outbreaks of enteric at Clare Valley in District I,
and at Chateaubelair and the adjoining village of Sharpes in District II North.
From both of these areas several contact cases from other districts, who had paid
visits to the infected areas were found. There was also one isolated case in
District III in the month of December. General measures taken to prevent
the spread of the disease, consisted in chlorination of water supplies, provision
of new fly-proof latrines, general cleaning up of the infected areas and mass
inoculation. A total of 3087 inoculations was given during the year.
During the year water from the Central Distribution Authority was carried
to Camden Park, Clare Valley, Ghauncey and Rillands on the Leeward side of
the island; the old Kingstown -apply being harnessed to augment the new
supply from Golden Grove, while on the Windward side, the villages of Harmony
Hall, McCarthy, Glamorgan, Victoria Village, Southwood and the greater portion
of Stubbs were also given, water by the Authority.
The Department also laid down a new water supply in the. Spring Village
area, supplying water to the villages of Spring and Mangaroo, while the' new
village of Sharpes at Chateaubelair was also given pipe-borne water from the
Chasteaubelair water supply.
Regular visits of inspection were paid to premises, .by the staff of Sanitary
Inspectors, to ensure that sanitary corfveniences were kept in good repair, and
to see that owners of premises without conveniences -made the necessary pro-
vision. It is well to note that the percentage of premises without any provision
at all or where no attempt is being made to provide privies to-day, .is surprisingly
low. The deep pit' latrine in rural districts continue to give satisfactory .ser-
vice, while in Kingstown, the aim is that all new construction be supplied with
septic tanks wherever yard space and other conditions are suitable. In rural
housing the soak-away-pit (wherever sufficient water is available) is now' put
down on most new buildings as routine. During the year 211 new privy-cess-
pits were built and 814 repaired and 71 made fly-proof, while 4 new pail-closets
were constructed and 14 repaired.
General Measures of Sanitation.
There has been no change from the well tried deep pit latrine in rural
areas and in the small towns. In some of the snfiall towns, as in Kingstown,
however, the pail latrine has been used with good results.- During the enteric
epidemic at Clare Valley 33 pre-cast concrete units were put down over small
pits by the Public Health Engineering Unit, while a number of units were. pur-
chased.by householders from the Engineering Unit through the District Sanitary
Inspectors. Two small communal latrines were put down at the Sharpes village,
while the communal latrine at Troumaca Bay was converted from a sea latrine
to a pail latrine, and the communal latrines at Penniston Village and Glebe
and Barrouallie, were removed to new pits and repaired. Minor repairs were
also carried out to the public latrines at Vermont, Clare Valley, Troumaca Vil-
lage, Sion Hill, Boers, Derrick Hill Bequia, .and Frenches.
At Sion Hill the old unsightly and odorous communal pit latrine was closed
down and replaced by an automatic water flush latrine-with effluent to a soak-
away. This work is a great improvement and is one of the instances in which
it has been possible to erect a bath-house and communal latrine on the same
compound. The work was carried out by the Public Health Engineering Unit.
It is now giving entire satisfaction.
The removal of house and trade refuse in Kingstown was carried out satis-
factorily, throughout the year. 1282 loads of refuse (approximately 5498 tons)
were removed from Kingstown arid its environs; an increase -over previous
years, as more regular removal of refuse has been instituted in the New Mont-
rose and Sion Hill areas. Refuse was finally disposed of by incineration and
controlled tipping, while non-combustible refuse such as old tins and bottles,
was dumped into the sea over the reef at the north-western end of tho Kings-.
town Bay. Since the area adjoining the incinerator has been built up every
effort has been made to .improve conditions at'the incinerator ground.
Kingstown received a satisfactory supply of water during the year. There
were a few minor interruptions and these were remedied with the utmost
despatch. During the year the Central Water Authority also extended its
service to the following villages on the Windward side:-Harmony Hall, McCar-
thy, Glamorgan, Joseph Land, Belmont, Victoria Village and the greater portion
of Stubbs Village, while on the Leeward side of the island they also supplied
water to Camden Park, Clare Valley, Chauncey, and Rillands; the water from'
Mamoon, the old Kingstown supply, being harnessed to supplement the Golden
The catchment of the Troumaca water supply was enlarged and improved
so as to allow private houses to obtain supplies if required.
The Authority also completed the erection of a rain water storage tank at
Overland village and this now provides a safe source of drinking water for the
The Public Health Department also laid down a new pipe-borrie water supply
to the villages of Spring and Mangaroo, and tapped the Chateaubelair water
supply, line to the suburban village of Sharpes where there had been an out-
break of typhoid fever.
Clearance of bush.
585 premises were cleared of bush, 14 trees were cut down and 449 trees
A total of 3221 rats were destroyed. Of this number 1870 were trapped and
A total of 45,495 inspections were made to all types of premises during the
year. 190 statutory notices were served and 113 complied with; 52 intimation
notices were served and 44 complied with and 13,182 verbal orders were given
and 9086 complied with. As a result of these notices and.verbal orders the
following works were done:-
Yards filled in
Concrete drains repaired
Earthern drains constructer
Water Closets constructed
Water Closets repaired
Accumulation of manure
Retail shops cobwebbed
Aerated factories cobwebbed
Retail shops scrubbed
Public latrines cleansed
Pail closets cleaned
Eaves gutters repaired
Boats emptied of stagnant
Cesspits oiled and disinfected
Retail shops limewashed
Current disinfection for tuberculosiss
,, ,, ,, enteric
Terminal disinfection for tuberculosis
Disinfestation of premises
Hog swamps cleansed
Provision Stores scrubbed
Aerated Factories scrubbed
Concrete floors of shops repaired
Concrete floors of bakeheuses
Concrete floors of shops swept
Concrete floors of bakehouses
Concrete floors of aerated
Aerated factories repaired
Cake trays made fly-proof
Cake trays covered
Breadbins made fly-proof
Uncovered bins covered
Pail closets seats covered
Persons medically examined
Receptacles emptied of stag-
School latrines were maintained at a satisfactory standard throughout the
The latrines at the Questelles Government School, Stubbs Government
School, South Rivers Methodist School, Fancy Anglican School and the Mayreau
Government School were removed to new pits and extensive repairs carried
out to the buildings. Extensive repairs were also done to the Biabou Methodist
School latrine building.
Minor repairs were carried out on the latrines af the following schools:-
Troumaca Government, Dorsetshire Hill Government. Cclonarie Romir Catholic,
Kingstown Anglican, Kingstown Methodist, Spring Village Government. Gomea
Methodist, Marriaqua Government. Lowmans (Wd.A Anglican and the -Port
The cost of living index at the end of January 1953 was 294 and at the end
of December 298. There was a rise beyond this higher point in the months
of September and October when the index reached 300.
The reduced acreage of cotton put in the 1953/54 crop had art adverse eff4ct
on labour conditions during August and September, but this situation was
saved by the employment of labour on roads by Public Works Department, with
deferred maintenance funds in the last quarter of the year.
One hundred and seventy-four building applications were approved during
the year. The work done as a result of these approved applications was as
77 new houses erected.
19 additiorfs made.
17 houses removed and re-erected.
6 alterations and 1 conversion from a dwelling house to a shop.
There is some improvement from year to year in the type of house being
Inspection of animal carcasses slaughtered for human consumption was carried
out throughout the year at the Kingstown Abattoir and in the rural districts at
Fountain, Arnos Vale, Calliaqua, Diamond, Georgetown, Dicksons and Lowmans
The work of milk inspection was carried out by District Sanitary Inspectors
in their respective Districts up to 16th September, during which .period the Milk
Inspector, Mr. Trotman, has been posted to District I during the absence on
leave of the Sanitary Inspector for that District.
During the year 281 samples were taken and tested. Of these 31 fulfilled
the public health requirement, giving 3 % butter fat. All persons whose milk -
fell below the requirement were warned that a recurrence would result in prose
Food in Relation to Health.
The food supply of the Colony was adequate and satisfactory throughout
the year. The supply of fresh meat was steady, but the price of beef is still
beyond the purchasing power of many. people. The price of pork fell in rural
districts to 24 cents per lb. in December. This reduction is due to the fact
that the -exportation of pigs to Trinidad-the greatest market for the Colony's
pigs-is still prohibited. The price of pork in the Kingstown market is still
however, 40 cents per lb.
The supply of fresh fish has been fair. There has however been the usual
glutted market and the extreme absence of this commodity.
The quality of milk on the whole was satisfactorily maintained, especially
from the larger dairies. There was, however, a "falling off in the quality from -
the small -vendors arid this falling, off is attributed to the temporary absence
of a whole-time milk inspector. Since the post has been filled samples taken
have shown improvement.
Routine visits of inspections were made to food vending establishments
to ensure cleanliness of the -premises and also that all food handlers were
medically examined and registered by the Department. As a result of, these
inspections the following works were done:-
(a) Painted 6 retail shops.
(b) Cobwebbed 294 retail shops, 54. parlours, 80, bake-
houses, 2 provision stores, 3 cook-
shops, 4 spirit shops, 2 aerated water
(c) Scrubbed 39 bakehouses, 174 retail shops, 30 par-
lours, 3 cookshops, 18 provision
stores, 3 spirit shops, and 2 aerated
(d) Concrete floors repaired 1 retail shop, 11 bakehouses.
(e) Limewashed 18 bakehouses, 6 retail shops, 1 spirit
During the year 99 prosecutions for various breaches of the Public Health
Regulations were entered. From these prosecutions 70 convictions were ob-
tained and fines totalling $256.07 were imposed.
Measures taken to spread the knowledge of Hygiene and Sanitation.
Health Visitors, Sanitary Inspectors, District Nurses and Midwives in the
course of their visits gave talks on health matters to householders, lectures
on Infectious Diseases, Soil and Water Pollution and Personal Hygiene were
also delivered to school children by the members of the Sanitary Staff. Ante-
natal and Maternal Welfare work was also carried out by the District Nurses
and Midwives in their respective Districts. The cooperation of the District
Nurses with the Sanitary Staff has been excellent and much valuable service
was rendered by the Superintendent Nurse Mrs. Comma, during the typhoid
epidemic at Clare Valley and Chateaubelair.
VIII. PORT HEALTH WORK.
No cases of any of the Convention Diseases were seen in any of the ports
and no quarantine restrictions were imposed.
IX. HOSPITALS AND DISPENSARIES.
Hospital accommodation is provided in the following institutions:-
Name No. of Beds.
,Colonial Hospital, Kingstown 134
Casualty Hospital, Georgetown 4
. Chateaubelair 6
Extension Hospital (Tubersulosis and Infectious) 40
Mental Hospital 100
Leper Hospital 20
Pauper Asylum 125
The programme for renovation and extension of the Colonial Hospital,
Kingstown, progressed during the year. At the end of the year conversion of
the old administrative block into wards and a Casualty Department was being
, carried out and a new kitchen and laundry were under construction.
During the year the hospital was extremely busy and over-crowded. This
situation no doubt was caused at least partially by the lack of District services
referred to earlier in the report. The average number of in-patients during the
year was 165.6, compared with 115 in 1952. Patients on the floor or two in
one bed, has become almost a normal feature of the hospital.
Hospital Statistics 1953. (See also Appendix III).
Admissions & Discharges.
Number of Patients Male. Female Total
Remaining over from 1952 66 48 114
Admitted during 1953 1,249 2,294 3,543
Number discharged during 1953 1,179 2,211 3,390
Numbe' died during 1953 062 52 114
Number remaining at end of. 1953 74 79 153
Daily average for 1953' 165.6
Maternity Department-Colonial Hospital- 1952 1953
Total number of cases 547 638
Babies born alive 484 600
Still births 46 33
Deaths 4 5
Ante-partum Eclampsia 6 10
Post-partum Eclampsia 2 4
Premature Births 8 .14
Forceps Delivery 9 6
Puerperal Sepsis 2
Retained Placenta 9 9
Ante-partum Haemorrhage' 7 5
Post-partum Haemorrhage 11 8
Placenta Praevia 5 2
Born before arrival 34 36
Sets of Twins 16
Set of triplets 1
Classification of Surgical Operations performed at the Colonial Hospital
during the year 1953.
ABDOMINAL & GYNAECOLOGICAL
Ligation of Tubes
Obstetric-Version, Forceps, etc.
Meibomian cysts, Pteryglum,
Enucleation .of Eye
EXCISION OF TUMOUR
Tonsils & Adenoids
Incision of Abscess, Whitlow,
@02 Hernia & Hydrocele
50 ,Dilatation & Curettage
4 Ectopic Gestation
6 Suprapubic Cystostomy
27 Dilatation of Urethral
77 Fracture & Dislocation
3 Manipulation-Low Back, S. I.
Removal of Meniscus, etc.
Avulsion of Toenail, Curettage,
2 etc. .
20 Removal of Foreign Body
Ext r; sion Iospilal (Tuberculosis & Infectious Diseases).
During the year the removal of this Hospital from Arnos Vale to Montrose
was completed. The Hospital now has7 a capacity of 40 beds, and is operated
as a division of the Colonial Hospital.
Male Female Total
Remaining from 1952
Admitted during 1953
Discharged during 1953
Died during 1953
Remaining at end of 1953
Daily Average during 19oa 4 22
No cases other than tuberculosis were treated in the Extension Hospital
during the year. Patients were under the care of -the Acting Physician, DRr.
H. A. Munro, and treatment with thie newer anti-biotic drugs was continued
It is unfortunate that many cases come under treatment with well advanced
No events calling for special notice occurred in connection with the Mental
Hospital. No therapy is undertaken along modern lines, but arrangements
have been made with the BarlJados Government to admit a limited number
of selected cases from St. Vincent whose prognosis is considered good for treat-
ment, to' the Barbados Mental Hospital.
Male Female Total
No. of Patients in Hospital at end
of 1952 37 48 85
No. -of Patients admitted during 1953 10 10 20
No. of Patients discharged during 1953 3 3 6
No. of Patients who died during 1953 3 3 6
No. of Patients in Hospital on
31. 12.53 41 52 93
Daily average of Patients at Hospital 37 49 86
The Pauper Home which in the past operated in conjunction with the Leper
Hospital was removed to a new site at the Glen in November, and the Leper
Hospital now operates as a separate unit.
14o administrative difficulties occurred as result, but a new kitchen and
storeroom are urgently required, and have been provided for.
Treatment with sulphone compounds continued as in previous years.
Male Female Total
No. of patients remaining in Hospi-
tal at end of 1952 12 8 20
No. of patients admitted during 1953 0 0 0
No. of patients discharged during
1953 0 0 0
Nb. of patients who died during 1953 1 0 1
No. of patients remaining at end
of 1958 11 8 19
In November the Old People's Home was removed from Fort Charlotte to
/a new site at. Glen, about four miles from Kingstown. This site which was
donated by Mr. Lewis Punnett of Villa, for the purpose of improving the lot of
the poor of St. Vincent, is beautifully situated in a pleasant and fertile valley.
It offers opportunity for diversion and*fresh interests for the inmates which is
already showing its effects in improved morale and cheerfulness on the part
of the inmates.
The transfer of some 110 inmates, many of them feeble and some bed cases,
together with their belongings and all the movable equipment of the Institu-
tion, and staff, was successfully planned and carried out in a single day under
the supervision of Mr. A. M. Anderson, the Superintendent, a feat of careful
planning and able administration which deserves to be recorded.
Male Female Total
No. of inmates remaining from 1952 56 53 109
.. admitted during 1953 12 16 28
. discharged during 1953 5 2 7 *
. died during 1953 7 11 18
.. . remaining at end of
1953 56 56 112
Daily Average 57 55 112
District Hospitals & Dispensaries.
During the epidemic of typhoid fever at Chateaubelair already referred
to, it was found necessary to. set up a special Hospital for typhoid cases in the
doctor's quarters (vacant). Special nursing and attendant staff were engaged
and the hospital operated from. 10th May. to 2nd October. In all 93 cases were
treated in the hospital with 2 deaths.
Bbth deaths were of patients admitted to the hospital in a dying condition
and it cannot be stressed too strongly that with anti-biotic treatment available,
if people will cooperate and not conceal cases, the results will be even better.
During the year a new dispensary was constructed by renovating and re-
modelling an old house at Retreat in District II South. At the end of the year
reconstruction was complete and the building was awaiting formal opening.
During the year, owing to staff difficulties there was some curtailment of
the number of clinics. The number of patients attending District clinics was
20,696, as compared with an estimated 25,000 in 1952.
Ante-natal, Maternity and Child Welfare Services.
Ante-natal and child welfare clinics are held in Kingstown by the Super-
intendent, Health Nurse, and Senior Health Nurse at the Colonial Hospital, and
in the Districts by the various District Nurses under the direction of the Dis-
trict Medical Officers. The Superintendent Health Nurse visits all Districts
and supervises the work in the various clinics.
The following table sets out the work in the Kingstown Clinics.
Total registered in 1953 .... 993
New cases ...... 546
Total attendances ...... 1,818
No. of cases referred to doctor ...... 174
New cases ...... 83
Total Attendances ...... 276
Repeated home visits were paid throughout the Kingstown District. lMoth-
ers were advised as regards feeding of infants and children, cleanliness, segre-
gation of infectious cases, such as measles, chickenpox and whooping cough
and the importance of vaccination. All yaws cases found were referred to the
Clinic for treatment.
Ante-natal and child welfare clinics are held regularly in most (but not all)U
Districts. It is hoped in 1954 to initiate clinics in those Districts where they
are( not- now held.
In. addition yaws injection clinics are held in all Districts and the Distriot
Nurse acts as local midwife, conducts a daily "dressing" clinic and visits patients
in their homes as necessary.
There are two day nurseries in St. Vincent at Kingstown and Georgetown,
respectively, operated by the Infant Welfare and Maternity League in coopeia-
tion with the Medical Department. Government-provides a subvention.
In October the Kingstown Creche had to be closed owing to the building
being in a dangerous condition and it is at present uncertain when it will re-
open. The average number of inmates during the period it operated was
approximately 14. At the Georgetown Creche the average was approximately, 7.
These creches care for children of working mothers who have no one to
leave in charge of their children which otherwise are neglected.
The Dental Clinic at the .Colonial" Hospital operated normally during the
year under the charge of Dr. Frank Ellis, a local dental practioner.
The following are the dental records for 1953.
No. of patients attending Clinic ...... 1782
No. of extractions performed ...... 1871
Provision has been approved in the 1954 Estimates for the appointment of
a whole-time dental officer, and it is hoped to extend dental services to the
The work of the laboratory proceeded normally during the year. There were
no staff changes.
* There were no changes in the scope of the worla undertaken.
A total number of 8,064 examinations was carried out at the laboratory
during the year, as compared with a total of 4790 for the previous year. Of
these, some 3126 were carried out on out-patients, the remainder on hospital
A classified summary of examinations carried out is shown in Appendix
A total of 1122 examinations was carried out on the 1083 patients attending
the clinic during 1953, and 1363 films of various sizes were used; as compared
with 1348 patients and 1610 films in 1952 and 1116 patients and 1122 films in
1951. Of patients attending the clinic 647 were out-patients, the remainder
Mainly responsible for this decrease in the work from the previous year is
the fact that there occurred a major breakdown which put the machine out of
order for some three and a half months during the earlier part of the year when
the secondary winding of the high tension transformer burnt out and had to
be sent to Barbados for repairs. These repairs were carried out by the Central
Foundry, and since ,then the transformer has been working without giving
any further trouble. SeveXal minor breakdowns also occurred during the year
which were all fixed by tle Radiographer and local electricians.
The present X-ray machine is obsolete and new plant is on order and expect-
ed to arrive early in 1954, made possible by a grant from Colonial Development
and Welfare funds.
A classified summary of the examinations carried out and films shown in
The health of the prisoners was satisfactory during the year. There ,were
no epidemics of disease. There were 487 committals to the Prison and 260
cases of reported illness of which 19,were hospitalized in the Colonial Hospital.
There were no deaths.
British West Indies.
18th August, 1954.
APPENDIX I.-MEDICAL STAFF LIST, ST. VINCENT, 1953.
Name and Qualification.
CORDICE, G. J.,
GALIS Z., M.D. (U. Pavia),
D.T.M. & H. (Liverpool).
GRB'R, W. M. L.M.S. (Nova
Scotia) P.M.Bd., 1928. M.D. I
C.M., 1928 (Dalhousie)
GUTN-MUNao. S. D., M.R.C.S.
(Eng., 1943), L.R.C.P. (Lond.,
1943, M.B., B.S., U. Lond.)
HETHERINGTON, H. B., M.B.
(Toronto), M.C.P. & H.
(Ontario), C.P.H. (Johns
MCMILLAN, K. J. E., B.Sc., Col-;
lege of City of New York
M.B., Ch.B. (Edin. Univ.)
MUVRO, H. A., L.R.C.P. (Edin.
1935), L.R.C.S. (Edin., 1935),
L.R.F.P.S. Glasgow, 1944).
WARD, A. E. M.B., Ch.B.
EDMUNDS, H. G. L.M.S.S.A.
KOLCAN, J. M.B. Ch.B. |
Polish School of Medicine.
Appoint- Appoint- Apr
ment. ment to ment
present post. ser,
District 1. 1. 52 ~ 1.
District 28. 9. 5 28.
District 1. 3. 52 1.
Resident 5. 10. 49' 9.
1. 6. 52;
9. 52 On agreement. Terminated
agreement on 31.10.53.
3. 52 On agreement. Terminated
agreement on 31. 3. 53.
3. 46 Acted Physician, Colonial
Hospital 18. 11. 52 lo 9. 1.53.
- Re-employed. On agreement
16. 3. 38 16. 3. 35
24. F 45
18. 2. 53
District 31. 12. 53
24. S. 45
18. 2. 53
On leave until 8. 1. 53.
Acting Physician, Colonial
IIospital from 10. 1. 53.
Resigned on 23. 11. 53.
Part-time and temporary
medical officer, as from
31. 12. 531 On agreement.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING UNIT FOR
THE YEAR 1953.
The staff consisted of the EngineerinfAssistant and Field .Technician, both
under agreement with Local Government. From January 1st to February 16th,
the Field Technician, Mr. S. Branch, was on vacation leave.
From January to June, the Engineering Assistant, B. R. Neehall, acted as
Secretary of the Central Housing and Planning Authority in conjunction with
his substantive duties as Engineering Assistant. Towards the end of the year,
the recommendations submitted for the amalamation of the Central Housing
and Planning 'Authority and Public Health Engineering Unit staff were approved.
The staff of the combined unit now comprise five persons, viz:-Secretary and
Engineering Assistant, Field Technician, Clerk and Typist, Accountant, and
Colonial Development and Welfare Grant continued to provide staff mem-
bers' salaries and most of the schemes under the control of the Central Housing
and Planning Authority and Public Health Engineering Unit. Hereunder is
a list of votes comprising various sums which were placed at the disposal of
the Unit for carrying out the schemes detailed in this report.
C.D. & W. Scheme D1427-Public Health Improvements ...... $12,907
C.D. & W. Scheme D1983-Personal Emoluments ...... $ 9,841
Local-Item 23 Hd. 26-Clare Valley School .- $ 875
C.D. & W, Scheme D1877-Latrine & Water Supplies (Stubbs) ...... $ 750
Local E27-Dorsetshire Hill Bath House ...... $ 700
C.D. -& W. Scheme D1920-Belair Health, Centre School ...... $ 1,650
C.D. & W. Scheme D13Dm50 Georgetown Library ...... $ 816
C.D. & W. Scheme D2016-Latrine & Water Supplies -Infant
Schools ...... $ 1,440
At the cost of $675.00, C.D. & W. Funds, this latrine which comprises six eubi-
cles,. three each for male and female, was built on Public Health Engineering
Unit standards. Pre-cast concrete units and beams were used. The wooden
superstructure was pre-fabricated at our workshop and assembled on the site.
Water Closet-Sion Hill.
'A six unit water closet latrine, comprising three seats each for male and
female, was constructed at this village to replace the dilapidated pit latrine
that was beyond repair. The building was erected from landcrete blocks and
covered with galvanized sheeting. Flushing arrangement is controlled' by an
overhead automatic tank that flushes a .glazed water-proof cement trough and
emptying into a soak-away pit. The seating accommodation comprises P.H.E.U.
pre-cast box seats sealed over the trough.
It was necessary, because" of its dangerous condition, to replace the existing
public sea. latrine with a pit latrine on lands near the seashore. This pre-fabri-
cated latrine built on P.H.E.U. standardS% comprises six seats, three each for male
and' fefiale and was built for $640.00. As our Unit anticipated that the life of
this latrine will be short, Government has been advised to obtain a new site for
removing the superstructure whenever it is necessary.
- SCHOOL LATINES. .
Methodist School Latrine---Chateaubelair.
The removal and reconstruction of this pit latrine was completed from our
Public Health Improvements Funds. Wooden seats were replaced with our stand-
ard pre-capt units and the seating accommodation was increased from four to
Government School (Annexe) Stubbs.
Wit4 a portion of the $750.00 given to us from local funds, the Unit laid down
a pit latrine for this new school. A pre-fabricated wooden- superstructure, com-
prising six seats on P.H.E.U. standards was assembled and painted on the site.
The remaining portion of the vote will be used for erecting wash basins and
drinking water taps when the Central Water Authority mains are laid down.
Health Centre Conversion to School (Belair).
The sum of $1650.00 was made available for our Unit to lay down pit latrines
for this new school centre. Using P.H.E.U. standard pre-cast units and assem-
bling pre-fabricated wooden superstruceures on the site, we completed the follow-
(a) One six-unit latrine' building for girls.
(b) One four-unit latrine building and urinal for boys.
(c) One one-unit latrine building for Assistant Teachers' House.
(d) One two-unit latrine building for patients attending the Health Cen-
Diamond Infant School.
Towards the end of the year we started, from a, C.D. & W. grant of $1440.00,
to lay down a four-unit pit latrine for the proposed new infant school. Gutter-
ing and a tank were being installed to collect roof water for the children.
From local and public health improvements funds, we constructed three
public baths with a total of sixteen cubicles, housed in four separate buildings.
Details are as follows.
Two separate landcrete block buildings for male and female, com-
prising three cubicles each, were completed for $1020.00 from P.H.E.U.
One building of landcrete blocks with four cubicles, two each for
male and female, was built at a cost/ of $700.00 from local funds.
One building of concrete blocks with six cubicles, three each for male
and female was completed for $950.00 from P.H.E.U. funds.
PRIVATE LATRINE PROGRAMME.
The progress of this programme is still dependent on the District Sanitary
Inspectors who are responsible for the sale of units. For the period under
review, deliveries to various towns and villages amounted to 58 complete units
and 8 "T" beams.
LATRINE UNIT FACTORY.
This factory was in operation for various' periods during the year; product-
ion and deliveries were as follows:
158 Box Seats 124 ...... "T" Beams.
150 Rabbit Plates 42.6 ...... Inverts.
152 Foot Plates 555 ...... Small Mounds.
153 Box Seats 120 ...... "T" Beams.
146 Rabbit Plates 358 ...... Inverts.
146 Foot Plates 555 ...... Small Mounds.
Using Newbold pre-cast. concrete inverts, the Unit laid down drains at Layou,
Brighton. -Montrose. and Clare Valley, amounting to approximately 1000 feet
At this workshop, the Unit carried out and completed the following works.
1. Pre-fabricated four wooden six-unit latrines for public school
2. Built two Newbold invert forms.
3 Built one desk for Leper Asylum.
4. Built ons patients' stool for hospital.
5. Built one table with two drawers for Colonial Hospitalh
6. Pre-fabricated wooden latrine superstructures for thirteen units.
7. Pre-fabricated wooden doors and windows for Clare Valley In-
8. Pre-fabricated wooden doors and windows for two landcrete
GLEN PAUPERS INSTITUTION.
For this institution and from P.H.E.U. funds the Unit constructed on P.H.E.U.
standards, latrine buildings of two units each to serve eight inmates residing
in four detached cottages.
Market and Abattoir-Mesopotamia.
From plans prepared by the Unit and under its supervision, the Village
Council erected this combined building. The walls are of landcrete blocks
cement rendered on both sides and covered with galvanized roofing. The actual
.cost is not readily available as a quantity of materials used and labour supplied
were freely given by the inhabitants of the village. The Unit has valued the
building for $1000.00.
Public Library and TOwn Warden's Office-Georgetown.
With $816.00 made available by C.D. & W. and $500.00 from the Sugar Indus-
try Labour Welfare Fund, the Unit re-constructed and made additions to the
old Town Office, converting it to a two-floor building. This new building will
now accommodate the Public Library and meeting room. The ground floor
,comprise the old stone walls re-rendered and a new concrete floor, whereas the
upper structure is entirely new and built of re-infbrced concrete columns with
landcrete block panels. The roof is ceiled with galvanized roofing.
COMMUNITY HALL--CLARE VALLEY.
This building with internal measurements 30' x -16' and constructed of
landerete blocks, was nearing completion towards the end of the year. Due
to increasing the size of the building the C.D. & W. grant of $875 was supple-
mented by the amount of $546 from local funds to complete construction work.
At the time this report was written the building was completed and opened
for use as an Infant School.
For another year this machine was under the Unit's control and has given
good service. Blocks were made for the following projects:
Sion Hill Private Bath. Georgetown Library.
Dorsetshire Hill Bath. Clare Valley Community Hall.
W.C. latrine-Sion Hill. Two dwelling houses-Basin Hole.
Market and Abattoir-Mesopotamia.
During the period under review the old P.H.E.U. truck had to be replaced
by a new truck. The new truck purchased during the third quarter of the
year has been giving good -service transporting staff and materials to various
Classification of Diseases and Deaths in the Colonial Hospital for the year ended
31st December, 1953.
(Intermediate List 6th Revision of International Statistical Classification).
Tuberculosis of respiratory syst,-m
Tuberculosis of mieninges and central
Tuberculosis, all other forms
All other syphilis
l)ysentery, all forms
Septicemia and py8mmia
Othlr diseases due to helminths
All othef diseases classified as infective
Malignant neoplasm of buccal cavity
Malignant neoplasm of breast
Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteii
Malignant neoplasm of other and un-
specified parts of uterus
Mali'gnant neoplasm of all other and
Leukemiia. ind nleukaemia ..
Benign iie.plastms and-neoplasms of
Avitaminosis and other deficiency
Allergic disorders; all other endocrine,
metabolic and blood diseases.
Vascular lesions affecting central ner-
Tnflaimnlatory Diseases of eye
Otitis media and moistoiditis
All other disease- of the nervous sys-
tem and sens,- organs
List Number. List Numbers.
660, 561, 570
Chronic rheumatic heart disease
Arteriosclerotic and degenerative
Other diseases of heart
Hypertension without mention of
Acute upper respiratory infections
Bronchitis, chronic and unqualified
Hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids
All other respiratory diseases
Diseases of teeth and supporting struc-
Ulcer of stomach
Ulcer of duodenum
Gastritis and duodenitis
Intestinal obstruction and hernia
Gastro-enteritis and colitis, except
diarrhea of the new born
Cirrhosis of liver
Cholelithiasis and cholecystis
Other diseases of digestive system
Chronic, other and unspecified
Infections of kidney
('alculi or urinary system
Diseases of breast .
Other diseases of genito-urinary
Sepsis of pregnancy, childbirth and
Toxaemias of pregnancy and the
Abortion without mention of sepsis or
Abortion with sepsis
Other complications of pregnancy,
childbirth and the puerperium
Arthritis and spondylitis
Muscular rheumatism and rheuma-
All other diseases of skin and mus
Spina bifida and meningocele
Postnatal asphyxia and ateh otasis
Infections of the newborn
Ill-defined diseases peculiar to early in-
fancy, and immaturity unqualified
AN 1 50
if No. of
Senility without mention of psychosis .. 3 B
Ill-defined and unknown causes of
morbidity and mortality .. 137 -
All other accidental causes .. 64 -
Fracture of skull 2 1
Fracture of spine and trunk .. 2 2
Fracture of limbs .. 108 1
Dislocation without fracture 11 -
Sprains and strains of joints and
adjacent muscle 17 -
Head injury (excluding fracture) 25 1
Laceration and opon wounds 52 -
Superficial injury, contusion and
crushing with intact skin surface .. 61 -
Effects of foreign body entering
through orifice .. 5 -
Burns .. 30 1
Effects of poisons . 3 -
All other and unspecified effects of
external causes .. 10 -
TOTAL .. 2877 106
CLASSIFICATION OF EXAMINATIONS DONE AT THE LABORATORY DURING 1953.
Nature of Specimen No. of Cases Results
Positive Negative Doubtful
Kahn's 1283 250 943 90
Total cell counts 1302
Differential cell counts 1244
Blood sedimentation rates 1172
Grouping etc. 23
Glucose (Tolerance, etc.) 40
Plasmodia 18 Nil 18 -
Widal 40 18 22 -
Microfilarae 8 2 6 -
Other blood exams.
Ankylostoma Duodenale 68
Ascaris Lumbricoides 94
Trichuris Trichiura 99
Strongyloides Stercoralis 4
Cysts, Entamoebae, etc. 20
Mixed Infections 244
Hansen's 17 3 14 -
Neisseria Gonorrhoea 26
Koch's 245 64 181
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID: 4
Cell count 2
CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF X-RAYS DONE DURING 1953.
Part Examined No. of Part Examined No. of
Skull ...... 83 Extremities:
Chest _.. 484 Upper .... 181
G. I. Series...... 14 Lower .... 169
Abdomen (pregnancies, etc.) 32 Ribs ...... 10
Spine ..... 53 Urinary Tract .... 5
Pelvis and Hips ...... 33 Miscellaneous:
Shoulders & Clivicle ..... 42 (f.b. etc.) 8
Dentals ..... 8
CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF FILMS USED DURING 1953.
S~.s of ilm moun Use Sis of ilm mou t Ue
Size of Film
Size of Film