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 Title Page
 County map of state of Florida
 Crop conditions
 Pecan culture in Florida
 Fertilizers, feed stuffs, and foods...














Title: Florida quarterly bulletin of the Agricultural Department
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00077083/00016
 Material Information
Title: Florida quarterly bulletin of the Agricultural Department
Uniform Title: Avocado and mango propagation and culture
Tomato growing in Florida
Dasheen its uses and culture
Report of the Chemical Division
Alternate Title: Florida quarterly bulletin, Department of Agriculture
Florida quarterly bulletin of the Department of Agriculture
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some fold) ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Agriculture
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: -1921
Frequency: quarterly
monthly[ former 1901- sept. 1905]
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agricultural industries -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 31, no. 3 (July 1, 1921).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 19, no. 2 (Apr. 1, 1909); title from cover.
General Note: Many issue number 1's are the Report of the Chemical Division.
General Note: Vol. 31, no. 3 has supplements with distinctive titles : Avocado and mango propagation and culture, Tomato growing in Florida, and: The Dasheen; its uses and culture.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00077083
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28473206
 Related Items

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    County map of state of Florida
        Page 2
    Crop conditions
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Division of the state by counties
            Page 5
            Page 6
        Condensed notes of correspondents
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
    Pecan culture in Florida
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Fertilizers, feed stuffs, and foods and drugs
        Page 51
        Regulations governing the taking and forwarding of fertilizer or commercial feeding stuff samples to the commissioner of agriculture
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
            Page 56
            Page 57
        Market prices of chemicals and fertilizing materials at Florida sea ports
            Page 58
            Page 59
        New York wholesale prices
            Page 60
            Page 61
        State valuations
            Page 62
            Page 63
        Composition of fertilizer materials
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
        Average composition of commercial feedstuffs
            Page 67
            Page 68
        Commercial state values of feedstuffs for 1910
            Page 69
            Page 70
            Page 71
        Special fertilizer analysis
            Page 72
            Page 73
            Page 74
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
            Page 78
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
        Special feeding stuff analyses
            Page 82
        Official feeding stuff analyses
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
            Page 87
        Special food analyses
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
            Page 91
Full Text










FLORIDA
QUARTERLY

BULLETIN
OF THE

AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT


JULY 1, 1910


B. E. MCLIN
COAIMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE
TALLAHASSEE, FLA.


Part I-=Crops. Part 2--Pecan Culture in Florida.
Part 3-=Fertilizers, Feed Stuffs and Foods and Drugs.

Entered January 3, 1903, at Taillahasli s Fnlrida, as second-class matter
uilder Act of congresss of Junle, 1900.

THESE BULLETINS ARE ISSUED [REE TO THOSE REQUESTING THEM


T. J. APPLEYARD, State Printer
Tallahalsse~, Fla.


VOLUME 20


NUMBER 3










COUNTY MAP OF STATE OF FLORIDA


















PART I.

CROP CONDITIONS.
















DIVISION Of THE STATE BY COUNTIES.

Following are the divisions of the State, and the counn
ties contained in each:


Northern Division.
Franklin,
Gadsden,
Hamilton,
Jefferson,
Lafayette,
Leon,
Liberty,
Madison,
Suwannee,
Taylor,
Wakulla.-11

Western Division.

Calhoun,
Escambia,
Holmes,
Jackson,
Santa Rosa,
Walton,
Washington.-7.


Northeastern Division.
Alachua,
Baker,
Bradford,
Clay,
Columbia,
Duval,
Nassau,
Putnam,
St. Johns.-9.

Central Division.

Citrus,
Hernando,
Lake,
Levy,
Marion,
Orange,
Pasco,
Sumter,
Volusia.-9.


Southern Division.


Brevard,
Dade,
DeSoto,
Hillsborough,
Lee,


Manatee,
Monroe,
Osceola,
Palm Beach.
Polk,
St. Lucie-11.


















DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

B. E. McLIN, Commissioner. H. S. ELLIOT, Chief Clerk




CONDENSED NOTES OF CORRESPONDENTS.

BY DIVISIONS.

NORTIHERN DivIsloN.-The acreage of cotton planted in
this division was somewhat increased over that of last
year, but with tle unfavorable spring the stand was cut
down very materially and the germination of the seed
being' poor under these conditions the crop was prac-
tically one month late throughout the cotton-growing
section of the State. Since the rains began about the
first of June, the excessive precipitation has done almost
as much harm as the lack of it did the preceding weeks
and. at present, the crop is in poor condition, with much
grass. and(. because of continued rains, little work can be
done in cultivating it. The corn suffered pretty much the
sane way in all sections. but has recuperated consider-
ably and will make probably 60 per cent. of a normal crop.
The oat crop, under the conditions of extreme drought
that obtained during almost the entire period of its
growth, was a practical failure throughout the entire
area in which it was planted. The tobacco crop is very
much cut down in acreage, although that that has been
planted is reported in fair condition. The reduction in
price owing to the war made on it by the tobacco trust
has prevented the majority of former growers from plant-
ing at all or on a very reduced scale. Live stock is in
good condition, and no diseases of serious nature are re-
porled from any portion of tlie district.


;WESTERN DIVISION.-Practically the same weather con-
ditions have prevailed in this district as in the preceding
one. Cotton is extremely backward for the same causes,
and it is a race between the cotton, the weeds and the












grass for supremacy, as the continuation of excessive
rainfall has practically prevented any cultivation during
the past three or four weeks. The acreage of cotton in
this district is practically the same as last year, and
would have been more but for the dry season, which pre-
vented seed germination and, of course, cut down the
stand. Corn and oat crops suffered to about the same
extent and from the same causes mentioned in the pre-
ceding district, and while in some localities the corn crop
will be fairly good, generally it will not exceed 70 per
cent. of the normal crop. It is worthy of note that the
acreage in pea vine hay crops has been very much in-
creased and the planning in combination of sorghum and
peas for forage purposes has been increased possibly 100
per cent. Live stock is in fine condition generally, and
the absence of serious diseases is reported from almost
every section.


NORTIIEASTERN DIVISION.-In this division the crops are
in about the same condition as in the two districts pre-
viously considered. Cotton and corn are about in the
same condition, and with oats a practical failure, as in
the other. The acreage of both corn and cotton would
have been increased over the previous year but for the
poor stand in either case caused by deterioration of the
seed and slow germination. Many of the correspondents
have stated that the good appearance of the corn crops
since the rains set in is deceptive, as a close examination
shows that the plant is smaller than it should be and
scattered, and that the ears. instead of being full size,
are small and many nnbbins are observable. This condi-
tion, while apparently thrifty to the eye, necessarily cuts
down the crop yield. It is hardly probable that the yield
of corn in this district will exceed 60 per cent. of the
normal crop. With 1he cotton in this district, as in the
others, the yield will depend upon the weather conditions
of the future. As in the others, live stock is reported in
generally fine average condition.



CENTRAL DIVISION.-In this district crops of every kind
have suffered quite as much from drought as in the pre-
viously named districts, and some of the crops in this












district have been practical failures for want of rain. It
is reported by a number of our correspondents that the
melons and similar crops were cut very short on this ac-
count and that its effect was felt very considerably upon
the orange and other fruit crops throughout the section,
the effect being to hold back the development of the fruit
and to ruin in a great degree, of course, the yield of the
vegetable and small fruit crops. The rains, however, have
been as great in volume in this district as in the ones
previously mentioned, and the reports made to this oficve
state that the groves are improving very rapidly in the
making of wood and the development of the fruit. Live
stock is also reported to be in a good average condition.
Pastures are improving rapidly with the rains, and no
shortness of forage is anticipated.



SO'THIERN DIVIsiox.-There is practically little differ-
ence between conditions in this and the foregoing dis-
tricts. The same climatic conditions have existed in the
one as in the other, and the effect has been about the same
on both the fruit groves and the vegetable farms. There
is, perhaps, some difference in favor of the vegetable
crops in this district, because of their earlier maturity,
owing to the ability of the grower to plant earlier, in
which case the vegetable crops receive the benefit of the
rains falling later in the winter and early spring. The
condition of live stock in this district is very good and
perhaps better than it has been at this season of the year
frr three or four years. No losses are reported from lack
of water supply or from diseases.
Taking the condition of the crops as a whole through-
out the State, and the unfavorable seasons with which
they have had to contend, undoubtedly the worst for many
years, we consider that two-thirds of a crop generally all
around will be about the best that can be depended upon.
The orange and grapefruit crops in the south are cer-
tainly cut short an average of 25 per cent., according to
present information. The corn and cotton crops of the
State are both cut equally short, and perhaps the corn
will fall in the end even below that figure, while the oats
crop will hardly exceed in the aggregate 33 per cent. of
the normal crop. So that the best of conditions, and the
best methods of cultivation and close attention, must be











10

given to crops during the rest of the season, even to hold
the present prospect for a two-thirds yield. Favorable
climatic conditions in the future will, of course, at this
season work wonders with the cotton crop, but the others
have made practically all that can be expected of them.








Report of the Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops, Fruits and Fruit
Trees, and Condition of Live Stock, for Quarter Ending June 30th, 1910, as
Compared with the Same Period Last Year.

Upland Is d Corn. Sulr
Cotton.otton._ Canue.
Cotton.

COUNTIES.



NORTIIEIRN DIVISION--
Gadsden ............... 100 100 5
IIamilton .............. ..... 70 SO 50
Jeffrson .............. I 90 !0 70 S0
Lafayette ............. 75 70 50
Leon ................. 75 75 5 0
Liberty ............... 75 ..... .70 50
Madison .............. 50 .50 75 75
Suwannee ............... ..... 7. 5 70 75.
Taylor ................ ..... 75 70 0
Iiv. Average, per cent. (I 73i 74 i3"
\VSTIERN DIVISION-
Caliloun ............... .. ..... ...0 nJ
Escanllia .............. S ..... 75
H olm es ................ ..... 90 90
Jackson ................ 7 ..... 75 s5
Santa Rosa ............! .5 ..... 00
W alton ................ s ..... 90 SO
Washinton .............. .. 80 SO 100 75
DIiv. Average. por cent.7 ,0 -S (i S 3
NOI'(TI EASTERN ] IVISION--
A lachllua ................... .... .0 10 0
Baker ................ ..... 7. 5 5 75
Bradford ............. .... .90 .100 75
Columbia .............. i 100 75 sO 90
Du al ................. .. ...... .... 75 75
Putnam ............... 100 ..... 100 I! o
St. Johns .............. i 75 .... 85 75
Div. Aveeae. per cent. 2 S S )Si
CENTRAL DIVISIO(N-
Citrus ............... .. .... .... 100 1()
Hernando ............. ... .... 105 305
Lake .................. ..... ..... 110 ) 100
Levy .................. .... 70 55 I S0
M arion ................ i .....) 90 5 l
Pasco ................. I ...... | ... .
Sum ter ................ 9..... 0 75 SO
Volusia ............. ..... ..... 100 100
Div. Average. per cent.. ..... I 1 )5
SoTt'IIIEN DIVISION-
1irevard ............. ..... ...... 140 75
D ade .................. o..... ........ 100
DeSoto ................ ..... ..... 100 100
Ilillsboroughi ......... ..... ..... S 9
Lee ................. ..... ..... 1o0 90
Manatee ............. ..... ..... 100 100
Osceola ................ ..... ..... 71 >0
Polk .................. ..... ..... 0 1)00
St. Lucie .............. ......... ..... 100
Div. Average, per cent 92 91
State Average, per cent. 3 8 s7 ]



















NORTI


12
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.

c Sweet Field Cassava
Rice. Potatoes Peas.


COUNTIES.

aERN DI
IERN DIVISION- I 0
o


Gadsden .............. ..... 50 ..... ..
IIam ilton ............. ..... 70 .....
Jefferson .............. ..... SO...
Lafayette ............. ...... 50 .....
Leon .................. ..... 75 00 .......
Libert y ............... ..... ..50 50 ...
Madison .............. SO (;0 80 SO
Suwannee .............. ..... (5 75
Taylor ................ .. ..70 70
Div. Average, per cent. O, 33 -77 i
TWESTEsIN DIVISION _--
Calhoun .............. ..... 100 90 ......
Escambia ............. 75 65 80 75
H olm es ............... .. 75 S. ......
Jackson ............... ... 75 .......
Santa Rosa ........... ..... 80 (S ..
W alton ............... ..... SO S5 ....
Washington ........... 100 85 1(10 25
Div. Average, per cent.. 87 77 S S4 N 50
NORTHEASTERN DIVISION-
A lachua .............. ..... SO ......
Baker ................. ..... .5 ;0 ....
Bradford .............. ..... 50 1 0 ......
Columbia ............. ..... 9 15 110 ...
D uval ................. ..... 75 O ...
Put anm ............... ..... 90 .....
St. Johns .............. I 75 1 75 75 .......
Div. Average, per cent.. 75 7 .......
CENTIRAL DIVISION-
Citrus ................... ..... 100 10 .....
Hernando ............. ..... 100 100 ...
Lake .................. ..... 125 100 90
Levy .................. 75 70 9 00 ..
M arion ................ S5 75 100 ...
Pasco ................. ..... 100 100 ...
Sumi er ................ ..... 8 7 .00
Volusia .............. ..... 100 110 ....
Div. Average, per cent.. SO o5 99 I 0
SOUTIII':RN DiVIiSION--
B revard ............... .... 10 ......
Dade .................. ..... 100 100 ...
DeSoto ................ ...... 100 100
Hillsborough .......... ..... .. 90 100 100
Lee ................... 90 100 100 90
Manatee .............. 100 100 100 ...
Osceola .............. ..... 50 75 50
Polk .................. 100 100 100 100
St. Lucie .............. ..... 100 .
Div. Average, per cent..| 97 93 07 85
Stale Average, per cent. 84 81 87 76







13
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


COUNTIES.



NORTHERN DIVISION-


Velvet
Tobacco Peanuts Pastures Beans





a a a a
o 0 0 0
0 U 0 0


Gadsden ............... 50 100 100 .. ...
Hamilton .................... 80 65 80
Jefferson ............ ..... 90 00 90
Lafayette ............ .... 100 ..... 100
Leon .................. 85 85 90 90
L liberty ............... ..... 90 .... .......
Madison ............... 50 90 100 100
Suwannee ............ ..... 90 05 100
Taylor ................ ..... 100 .....00
I iv. Average. per cent.. 2 00 4
WEI.STEtlaN DIVISION-
(allihoun ............... ..... 100 ..... 100
EIscanlhlia ............. 75 87 100 90
Ilolnes ............... ..... 100 ..... 90
Jackson ............... ..... 100 900 100
Fanta Rosa ............ ..... 75 75 45
W alton ................ ..... 90 90 100
"W ashina ton ............. ..... 100 90 (100
Div. Average. p,,r cenit.. 7.'i 2 S! .4
NoITnli';A 'I'I':RN IIvin O N--O
Ala 1hua ............ ... 1(0 100 1(
SIlaker .................I ..... 5 75 S,5
I;raldforrd ............... ..... 100 .. 00
(olumiilia .............. ..... 10(0 95 100
IIDuval1 ................. .... 00 ..... 100
lutnaim ............... ..... 90 .... 100
8t. Johlls .............. ....._
Div. Avera'-'o. ,por cent. 7..*T... 9).4 .1 | __- _
('I N'I \ \I, I nvisioN-I -
'itrti s ................ ..... 1( ..... 1 O.
ler an o ............. 125 i 105 1 0 !)0
I,.ake .................. ...0 0 100
Levy .................. ..... 90 G0 85
M arion ................ .... 100 95 90
I o ................. 3100 100 00 95
1uniter ................ ..... .. 0 95 70
Volusia ................ ..... 100 100 1(05
I >iv. ,verNie, per (ont.. F 12 195 1(0 -'(2
'OUT rII I!N 11 iviioN-
lIro a'rd ................ 7 5
Il ude ......................... .. 100 100
DoeSo o ................ ... 100 100
Ilills orou' .h .......... I .... 300 300

M anatee .............. ..... ..... 100 100
Osceola ................ ..... 50 0S
Polk .................. ..... 100 300 100
St. Lucie .............. ..... ..... 100 100
Iiv, Average. per cent. ..... 100 ,2 95
State Average, per cent. 3 95 90 94








14
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.

Alfalfa. Guavas.


COUNTIES.


NolRTHERN DIVISION-
G a idsden ........................ ... ... ......
nam ilton ....................... ....... .......
Jefferson ........ ............ ............
Lafayette .......................
Leon ........................... .......... .......
L ilberty ........................ .......
M adison ......................... ..... ..... .......
Suwannee ............................ ..
T a ylor .......................... ..... .......
Division A.\ era i e. per cent....... .... .... .......
WESTERN DIVISION-
Calhoun ......................... ......
Esc:m bia ....................... ......... .
H olm es ......................... .....00
Jackson ......................... .... .....
Santa R osa ...................... ..... ........
W alton ......................... ..... ...
W ashington ..................... ..... ..... ....
Division Average. per cent........ 6 ..... .......
NOlTHEAS1TERIN DIVISLON-
A lach ua ......................... ..... ..... .......
B aker ........................... ....
B radford ....................... ..... ... .. .....
Colum bia ....................... .. .. .
D u val ........................... ..... ..... ......
P utn am .........................I ...... ......
S t. Joh n s ......................... ..... .... I .......
Division Average, per cent . .
CENTRAL DIVISION-
C itru s ......................... .. ..... ..... ....
H ernando ...................... .. ... I
Lake ............................. ..... 90 25
L evy .............................
M arion ....................... .. ... .
Pasco ........................... ... 00 | O
Sum ter .......................... ..... .
V olusia ......................... .... ........
Division Average, per cent........ .... 90 62
SOUTHERN DIVISION-
Brevard ......................... ..... .. 2 65
ID ade ........................... ..... 100 100
DeSoto .......................... ..... ..... ...
Hillsborough .................... .... 100 I 100
L ee ............................. ..... | (0 00
M anatee ......................... ..... 100 50
Osceola ......................... ..... 25 30
Polk ............................ ..... 25 25
St. Lucie ........................ ..... 95 90
Division Average, per cent........ .... 66 63
State Average, per cent........... 60 78 62







15
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


S I Orange
Ianaas. I Trees.




"^ 5 T j "C ^'^ -


COUNTIES.



NORTHERN DIVISION-


Undsden ...............
H am ilton ..............
Jellersoin ..............I
Lnfayeti e .............
L eon ..................
Liberty. ................
M adison ...............
Sulwamn .........
T aylor .............
Diiv. Average. per cenit.T


a1
a
C D


xr.
Ii: .~s1


100


50


...... .. 1 100 50


VEESTEI N DIVISION-
C'alhouii ............... ..... ..... 100 .O 125
E scan nl l ia .............. ..... ..... ..........
H olm es ................ ..... ....
Jac( kson ........ ...... I ..... ..... .... .......
Santa i o a ............ ..... ..... .
W alton ................ ...
W ashlnu toll ............ ..... ..... .... .......
Div. Averaong per cenit.. ..... ....00 125
-\No1rn lE .\STERlN DiVISION-
AlachIua .... .......... ..... ... s 75
hakor ................. ..... 50 75
Ir'adford .............. .... ..... 75 75
C olu I lbia .............. I ..... ..... ....


St. Johns .............. ..... ..... 7'5 85
Div. Average. per cent.. ..... ..... 71 78
CEN(N I'RAL )IVISION-
Citrus ................. .100 80
Hernando ............. .... 90 40
Lake .................. 90 20 100 75
Levy ............... .. ... .. 90
M arion ................ ..... I ..... SO 30
I'asco ................. I i 90 75 70
Sui.nter ................. ..... ; ..... i0 90
Volusia ............... ..... ..... 0 50
Div. Average. per cent.. 5 ( 5 89 65
SOUTlHERNi I )IVOSION-
l'revard ............... ... ..... 75 65
Dade .................. 100 100 90 100
DeSoto ................ ..... ..... I 100 100
Ilillslorough ........... .... .100 50
Lee .................. .90 90 100 50
Manatee ............... 1100 100 100 100
Oseeola ................ 25 15 70 50
Polk .................. 50 50 75 50
St. Lucie ............ 75 75 75
Iiv. Average, per cent.. 73 72 67 72
State Average, per cent. 79 03 83 7


-~---


v


-







16
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


Lemon
Trees


COUNTIES.



NORTHERN DIVISION-
Gadsden ............... ..... .....
H am ilton .............. ..... .....
Jefferson .............. .... .....
Lafayette .............. ..... .....
L eon .................. ..... ...
L liberty ............... ..... .....
M adison ............... .... ....
Suwannee .............
Taylor ................ .....
Div. Average. per cent.. ..
WESTERN DI)ISION--
Calhoun ..............
Es( inm bia .............. .. .
Ilolnll s ............... .... .....
Jackson ........................ .. .....
Santa Rosa ... ......... ...
W alton ................. .
Washington ......... ... ..
Div. Average. per oent.. ..... ....
NOI'l iASTIiN i )iVISION-


Al lil ... .......... ......
Baker .................
l r: l ford .............. I
Column bia ..............
iDuva:l ................
Pl'uiti:aii ...............
St. Joli s ..............
D)iv. Av eraIep. pe. c(ut..


50 75





50 75


Lime
Trees


('I.NI \L \\ I alSoN--
Citrus ............... ...... .
IIerinindo .............. .... .
.Lake .................. 0 25 .-0 25
Levy ................... .......
M arion ................ SO 30 ..... .......
I':is o ................. .... .......... .......
S nter ................ SO .......
V olusia ................ ..... ..... .... ...
Div. Avera:e. ]!er cent.. S3 -10 )0 i 5
Sol 1'II I;N rivisiON-
,r revard ............... 25 50 ..
ID ile .................. ..... ..... 100 100
DeSoto ................ 100 100 100 100
l illslorough ........... 75 0 ..... .....
Lee ................... (100 c 100 00
Manatee ............... 100 100 100 100
Osceola ................ 40 30 40 30
Polk ................... 50 50 50 50
St. Lucie .............. 100 75 100 75
Div. Average, per cent..| 74 ;4" 4 (4
State Average, per cent.| It 0_ 6 75 47






17
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.

Grape Fruit Egg Plants.
Trees.

COUNTIES.



NORTHERN DIVISION--
G adsden .............. ..... .....
H am ilton ............. ..... ..... .
Jefferson ............... ..... ..... ...
Lafayette ............. 100 25 ... ..
Leon ................. ..... ..... 75 75
Liberty .. .......... ..... ..... ..... .......
Madison .............. ..... .... ..........
Suw annee .... .. ..... ..... .......
T aylor ................ ....
Div. Average, per cent.. T UT75 i 75
WESTEsN DIVISION-
Calhoun .............. .... ..... .
Escambia ................. ... 75 100
Holmes ............... ... ..... 50 100
Jackson ............... ........... ... .......
Santa Rosa ............ .......... .... ...
W alton ............... ..... ..... ..... ......
W ashington ........... ..... ..... .
Div. Average, per cent.. ..... ..... 6
NORTIIEASTERN DIVISION-
Alachua ............... 0 i 75 75 75
B aker ................. 50 75 ..... .......
Bradford .............. ..... ..... ..... ......
Columbia ............. ..... ..... ..... .......
D uval ................. ..... ...75 75
Putnam ............... 75 80 ..... ...
St. Johns .............. 75 80 .......
Div. Average, per cent.. 70 75 | 75 75
CENTRAL DIVISION-
Citrus ................ 10080 ... ......
Hernando ............. 90 75 .. .......
Lake .................. 100 90 75 75
Levy ................. 90 90 ..... .......
M arion ............... 80 30 .......
Pasco ................. 95 90 .. .......
Sumter ................ 90 90 90 95
Volusia ............... 85 60 .......
Div. Average. per cent.. 91 74 S2 85
SOUTHERN DIVISION-
Brevard ..............70 ..... .......
Dade .................. 100 100 .
DeSoto ................ 100 100 100 100
Hillslorough .......... 100 50
Lee .................... 100 CO 80 o8
Manatee ............... 100 100 100 100
Osceola ............... 80 65 60 80
Polk ................. 75 60 100 100
St. Lucie .............. I 95 85 ..... ...
Div. Average, per cent.. 77 88
State Average, per cent. 8 3 6 8
2-Bul.







18
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


COUNTIES.


NORTHERN DIVISION-


Plums. Pears.



o J* A
!0-

,, .
o S
o- o w~I


we
Cd.p
G)C
onU


Gadsden ............. ..... ..... ..... ......
Hamilton ........... .... ..... ... ...
Jefferson .............. ..... .... .100 110
Lafayette ............. ..... ..... 100 50
Leon ................. 90 90 90 100
Liberty .............. .... ..... ..... .......
M adison ............... ...... .... .... .......
Suwannee .............. ... ...... ... ...
Taylor ................ .. .. ... ... ..
Div. Average. per cent.. 9 0 957 57
WESTERN DIVISION--
Calhoun ............... ..... ......
Escambia .............. 80 70 50 60
Holmes ................ 100 100 10 15
Jackson ............... 100 100 .
Santa Rosa ............ 75 25 25 50
W alton ................ ..... ..... 90 85
Washington ........... I ..... .... 110 1125
Div. Average, per cent.. 1 89 | 74 57 67
NORTHEASTERN DIVISION--
Alachua ............... 100 0 100 100
Baker ................. 100 100 100 100
Bradford .............. 100 100 90 100
Columbia .............. 100 90 110 200
D uval ................. 80 90 .. ...
Putnam ............... 80 100 80 75
St. Johns ..... ........ ..... ..... ,5 75
Div. Average, per cent.. 93 97 1 94 10
CENTRAL DIVISION-
Citrus ................. ..... ..... 100 100
H ernando .............. ..... ... ... .......
Lake .................. 90 75 80 60
Levy .................. 85 75 90 100
Marion ............... 95 95 100 100
Pasco ................. 00 95 75 50
Sumter ............... 90 95 SO 90
Volusia ................ ......... 75 60
Div. Average, per cent.. 0i S7 87 85
SOUTHERN DIVISION-
Brevard .............. .. ... ...........
D ade .................. ..... .. .... ..
DeSoto ................ 100 100 100 100
Hillsborough ........... 90 40 ...
L ee .................... ..... .. .
M anatee ............... 100 100 ... ..
Osceola .................. 0 20 10 100
Polk .................. 100 100 75 50
St. L ucie .............. .... .... ..... .......
Div. Average, per cent..[ S4 j 72 )2 83
State Average, per cent.) S) 84 S 80








19
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


Peaches.


Water
Melons.


COUNTIES.



NORTHERN DIVISION-


Gadsden ..............
I am ilton ..............
Jefferson ..............
Lafayette .............
L eon ..................
Liberty ...............
M adison ..............
Suwannee ............ .
T aylor ................
Div. Average, per cent..


0 0 0~


100

90
100


90
0--5-3-


;o 0so

..... 0 70. )
100 rs, :0

100 75 I s5


75 80
75 75 S5
0-91 1 7f 82


'V WESTERN 1IIVISION-
Calhoun ....... ...... 100 00 ......
Eseaibia ............. so (5 1 75 100
Holmes ............... 1. 105 Ion 90
Jackson ............... i 75 75 0 100
Santa Rosa ........... 50 101 100 100
W alton ................ 1 100 110 100 90
Washington ........... 110 125 9 S85
Div. Average. per cent.. 73 -2 --3 -4
NORTHEASTERN rIVISION--
Alaeua ........... ... 0 100 T f00 100
Baker ................. 50 ] (5 i 75 90
Bradford .............. SO 0 | 100 1 00
Columbia .............i 100 100 100 100
Duval ................. !90 100 100 100
Putnam ............... .s I 90 75 I 90
St. Johns .............. 75 r5 100
Div. Average, per cent .. S5 91 97
CENTRAL DIVISION--


Citrus .................
Hernando .............
L ake ..................
Levy ..................
M arion ................
Pasco .................
Sum ter ...............
V olusia ................
Div. Average. per cent..
SOUTTTERN DIVISION-
Brevrd ................
,D ade ..................
D eSoto ................ I
Hillshorough .......... I
L ee ................... 1
M anatee ............... I
Osceola ............... 1
P olk .................. I
St. Lncie ..............
Div. Average. per cent. .


Stale Averane, per rent. I


0T 110 17oo00 00
150 n 300 ...
100 110 100 i 110
90 75 75 85
Dr 100 100 100
,f5 )8 90 90
90 95 90 0
100 120 100 I 110
10o 13 9n4 O

75 75 5 5 -
.. 100 100
100 10)0 100 1 100
75 40 I 75 1 90
..... .... 100 100
100 100 50 50
120 I 150 70 70
100 120 100 120
.... ... 8 i 75
-9.5"f 9 'S1 "87
90 9 S----- 92


_ _I


--.I;------


-I-~-I--~--"-------








20
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


Ca:


COUNTIES.



NORTIIHEN DIVISION-


ntaloupes.



C-


Pineapples.


a

a
C)


Gadsden ............... .
H aIm ilton ............. .
Jefferson .............. 80 90 .. ....
Lafayette .............. ..
Leon .................. 60 65 .
Liberty ................ ... ..... .....
M adison ............... .... ....
Suwannee ..
Suw annee ............. ..... ..... ..... .. ....
Taylor ................ ..... ..... ..... ..
Div. Average. per cent.. 72 77
WESTERN DIVISION-
Calhoun ...... ...... .....
Escambia ............. 75 100 .. ..
Holmes ................ 100 85 ..
Jackson ... ......... .... .... ...
Santa Rosa .. ...... ..... ..... .......
Walton............... 85 90 .
Washington ............ 90 90 .. ....
Div. Average, per cent.. 8 9 ..... ......
NORTHEASTERN DIVISION-
Alachua ............... 60 50 .. ..
Baker ................. 60 80 ... ...
Bradford .............. ..... ..... .....
Columbia .............. 100 90 .. ...
Duval ................. 85 90 .. ..
Putnam ............... s0 75...
St. Johns .............. 85 90 .. ..
Div. Average. per cent.. 78 .....
CENTRAL DIVISION--
Citrus .............. .. .... ..... ...... .......
H ernando ............. ..... .. .. .......
Lake .................. 80 75 90 75
Levy .................. 75 70 ..
Marion ................ 95 90 85 90
Pasco ................. 85 90 .. ..
Sumter ................ 85 85 .....
Volusia ............... .... ............
Div. Average. per cent.. 84 80 87- 82
SOUTHERN DIVISION-
Brevard ............... 25 50 50 50
D ade .................. ..... ..... 80 80
D eSoto ................. ... .......
Hillsborough ........... 95 100
Lee ................... 225 25 95 95
Manatee ............... 30 50 30 30
Osceola ............... 80 80 30 40
Polk .................. 75 75 75 75
St. Lucie .............. ..... ..... 55 55
Div. Average, per cent.. 55 83 59 51
State Average, per cent. 75 78 73 ]7








21
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.
Horses
Grapes. and Cattle. Hogs.
Mules.

COUNTIES. -



NORTHERN DIVISION 0
Gadsden .......... .... .... 85 90 0
Hamilton ......... .... .... 90 90 90
Jefferson ......... .... .... 100 90 100
Lafayette ........ 100 25 90 60 100
Leon ................. .... 90 90 100
Liberty ........... ..... .... 90 90 90
Madison ......... .... .... 100 100 90
Suwannee ........ .... .... 95 90 100
Taylor ............ .... .... 90 SO 90
Div. Aver., per cent. 100 25 92 87 94
WESTERN DIVISION--
Calhoun .......... .... .... 100 ....
Escambi na ........ 100 100 90 90 75
IIolmes ........ .... .. .... 95 100 85
Jackson ........... .... .... 90 00 100
Santa Rosa ....... 80 75 90 95 80
Walton ........... 100 100 100 95 90
Washington ....... 100 100 100 90 90
Div. Aver.. per cent. 95 94 U95 93 S6
To-fIFi WESTERN TiV.-
lchua .......... 80 S 1 100 1
Baker ............ 75 80 100 90 75
Bradford ......... 75 75 100 100 100
Columbina ......... 85 90 100 100 100
Dural ............ .... .... 100 100 100
Iutnam .......... 75 75 100 100 100
St. Johns ......... 85 100 100 100 100
Div. Aver.. per cent. 79 b! | 100 !)7 94
CENTRAL DIVISION--
Citrus ............ 00 100 100 100 1 00
H-ernando ......... 200 200 100 100 100
Lake ............. 90 SO 110 110 105
Levy ............. 85 0S 90 75 90
Marion ........... 100 100 100 98 90
Pasco ............. 95 95 95 97 60
Sumter .......... 75 90 95 100 100
Volusia ........... 100 100 100 100 70
Div. Aver., per cent. 107 107 99 9G 94
SOUTIIERN DIVISION-
Brevard .......... 100 100 100 1007
Dade ............. .... .... 95 100 .
ID Soto ............ .... .... 100 100 100
I illsborough ...... .... .... 100 100 00
Lee .............. ... .... 100 100 100
Manatee .......... 100 100 100 100 100
Osceola ........... 100 120 90 00 60
Polk ............. 100 100 100 100 75
St. Lucie ......... .... .... 100 100 100
Div. Aver., per cent. 100 105 98 99 88
State Av.. per cent. 96 83 97 94 91








22
Condition and Prospective Yield of Crops-Continued.


Sheep. Tobacco. Honey. ,Cp Wol
I1clip 11)1.


CO UNTIl ES.


NORTHERN DIVISIoN-


Gadslden . .. .. ..... .
H am ilton ............. .. ......... ......... .........
Jefferson .............. ......... ......... 2.500
Lafayette .............. ..... ......... 5,000 1.000
Leon .................. 100 100000 ......... .
L liberty ............. . ......... ........ 8,000
M adison .............. .. .
Suwannee ........ ....... ... ......... ...........
Taylor ................ .... .. _.. 1.000 1,000
Div. Average, e .. "w 1 .iT1... 7..000 15500




Jackson ............. ..... ......... ..... .. .... ...
San!a Rosa ............. !)0 2.000 5.000 70,000
W alton ................ o90 ......... .......... i .0000
W ashington ............. 0 ....... .. 5,0(0 50,000
Div. Average lcr ,c. m j00 3.fi2 237~000
NOITIIIASTEN DIVISION
7a liahu"a ............. ......... ... .... i
Baker .................. 00 ......... 6,000. 850
B rad rord .............. ..... ......... ......... .
Columbia ............... 100 ........ 20001 500
Duval ................. i 0 .... ..... ....... ....
Putnami .............. ... 100 00j 1.000 20.000
St. Johns .............. 100 ......... 2,000 3.000
Div. Avera ge, per ut 98S 500 11,600( 4 -.350
lTTI'nrL DIVISION-
Citrus .................. .... ......... 00
H ernando .............. ..... 1 ,000 ...........
Lake .................. 1 0 ......... 7.500 00
Levy .................. 80 ...00.0 5001
M arion ................ 100 ......... ... ...000 2 .000
Pasco ................. 75 r 12.8501 4,S; ) -.5000
Sumter ................ I 00 .0001 1.0001 2.000
Volusia ................ 100 ......... 75.000 20.000
Div. Average, per cent. | 14( >SO T4.:0 0 4.300
SOUTHERN )DIISION-
DoSoto ................ i 0 .......... 1.00 .........
H sorod h ................ 0 ................ .........
De.-s4oto ................ 0 .......0 1000 3000
lilsborogh ................. .l.
Lee ................... 1 00 ......... . .........
M anatee .............. 100 ......... ..... ... ..
Osreola ............... 100 .........I (.5001 30.000
Polk .................. 100 ......... 2.000[ 20,000
St. Lucie .............. .... ........ .... ... .
Div. Average, per -eot..| S I .. .I 59.ro0 5.,A0R
St le veorn' e.e r i. | .i0 7!1 .. .0 508 2 S ..480.10.




















PA ART IT .

PECAN CULTURE IN FLORIDA.

















PECAN CULTURE IN FLORIDA.


Much the greater part of this article is taken from the
Florida Experiment Station Bulletin No. 85, by Prof. H.
Harold Hume, and also from the written opinions of
other well-informed and expert growers of the Pecan.

BOTANY OF THE PECAN.

The pecan tree is indigenous in the United States in
the rich, alluvial bottoms of the Mississippi, and also
thought to be in some of the rich bottom lands of north-
east Texas. Its northern limit is supposed to be about
Davenport. Iowa. In the Miissssippi valley proper it ex-
tends within a few miles of the Gulf Coast, further west
it extends into Mexico.
The area in Owhich it may be grown is said to embrace
within its four extremities the cities of Davenport, Iowa,
(hattanooga. Tenn.. Laredo. Tex., the region of the head-
waters of the Colorado River in Texas, and even at the
present day as far west as Arizona. It extends furthest
fromI the center of the area along the streams and rivers.
It is at present grown in all of the Southern States in
greater or less degree. From the foregoing it will be seen
that the pecan tree is a native in parts of the following
States, viz.: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa. Missouri, Tennessee,
Kentuckly, Alabama. Louisiana, Arkansas, New Mexico
and Oklahoma. Outside of this area it has been planted
in a large number of States. Its cultivated area corre-
sponds rather closely with that of the cotton plant, though
its extension beyond Ihis area is constantly increasing.
The Pecan belongs to the family Juglandaceae (Walnut
family), its near relatives being the other species of hick-
ory, the walnut and butternut. For many years the sci-
entific name commonly applied to it was Carya Olivae
formnis Nutt, but in deference to the rules of priority
this name has largely given place to the name Hicoria
pecan (Marsh) Britton. This name Hicoria pecan is pe-
culiarly significant, since it is truly American, being de-













rived from powcohicora and pecaa, two words used by the
Indians for hickory nuts.
It is a large, stately lree, 75 to 170 feet in height, with
wide-spreading branches and symmetrical top. The bark
is rough. broken and grayish-black in color. The bark of
the young twigs is quite smooth, liberally dotted with
lenticles, and during their early life, together with the
leaves and fl.\M1; of the tree, they are covered with a
liberal coating of rather rust-colored hair. The leaves
are oval. compound, composed of from seven to fifteen
falcate, oilon g-anceolate, sharp-pointed serrated leaflets,
green and quite bright above, lighter colored below, and
when mature, nearly or quite smooth. The flowers are of
two kinds pistillate and staminate. The former are
produced upon the young shoots, while the latter come
from buds upon twigs one year old. The staminate cat-
kins are usually produced in two groups of three each,
from a single bud, and have very short stalks. The
stamens are three to five in number in each flower, and
borne beneath a ihree-parted bract. The pistillate flow-
ers have a four-valved involucre (known in the mature
form as the husk) and a Iwo-paried stigma. The nuts
are quite variable in size, shape, color and quality. Some
are long and pointed, others are nearly spherical. In
Texas the spherical, or nearly spherical, nuts appear to
be more common than elsewhere. Selected nuts of some
varieties will weigh an ounce or more each, while of many
other kinds it takes a hundred, more or less, to make a
pound.
As a general rule, the husks of most varieties open at
maturity. In some, however, they remain closed, or
nearly so. These latter varieties are objectionable on ac-
count of the increased difficulty of gathering the crop.
POLLENATION.-The pecan is well-pollenated. In con-
sequence, there is a great waste of pollen, to compensate
for which it is produced in large quantities. Wet, windy
weather, at the lime the trees are in bloom, frequently
interferes with pollenation to such an extent that the crop
is reduced very considerably.
With some species of hickory, notably H. minima and
H. glabra, cross-pollenation and consequent cross-fertili-
zation with the pecan have resulted in several well-marked
hybrids. None of these found thus far, with perhaps one
or two exceptions, have been worthy of propagation.












RANGE OF CI'LT/I'E IN FLORIDA.

The pecan may be, and practically is, grown in all sec-
tions of the Stale wherever the soil conditions are found
to be satisfactory. Its culture, however, should not be
attempted in the southern portion of the State much, if
any, below 28 degrees latitude; success would, at best, be
questionable; it mighi succeed in the elevated portions of
Polk and Hillslmrough Counties, but it is uncertain.
The stalenient is frequently made, and quite generally
believed, ihat the pecan will succeed wherever the larger
species of hickory are found in tle State. This is largely
true, as the pecan belongs to the same family and genus
of trees, but it should not be relied on implicitly. In no
case must soil conditions be overlooked or disregarded.

PECAN PROPAGATION.

The pecan may be propagated from seed or by budding
and grafting.
Formerly they were grown almost entirely from seed
and scdllinl tees were planted. But now seedlings have
given place to budded and grafted trees. Why so? It
was amnnmlmon ld as a fact, not so many years a'o, and
there are some who may still maintain it, that 50 per
cent., or somn other per cenl.. of pecans would come true
to seed. But it must le si,(ed as a fact that neither 50,
nor any other per cent., will come true to seed. We have
yet to find a single instance where Ihe nut of a seedling
tree was identical wilh that borne by its parent plant.
Occasionally they ame better, but the rule is that they
generally are vastly inferior to the fruit produced by the
parent tree. Hence, if an orchard of trees of the same
habit of growth, prolificness, regularity in bearing, uni-
form throughout, trees which will produce a crop of nuts
uniform in size. shape, color and ,quality. is desired, do
not plant seedling Irees. Scores of these seedling trees
produce nuts but liltle larger than chinqunpins, and it is
a fact which cannot be gainsaid that the seedling pecan,
up to the time of fruiting, is an unknown quantity, after
which it is too frequently a disappointment.
Pnt scenes h ave 1heir ilnace. From llhem are grown the
sto ks, un<;! wi ,hh o work desirable varieties. From
seeds may I.: or'i'ii:ti ed new and desirable varieties, for
it sometimes happens tha tlhe seedling is better than the












parent. Seedling trees may be grown and set out in
orchard form, to be top-worked afterward. This plan
has something to recommend it. It is less expensive, pro-
vided time is not an object, for it takes a longer time to
get bearing trees by this plan, and it is open to the fur-
ther objection that it is more difficult to secure uniform-
ity in size and shape of the trees than it is by setting out
budded or grafted trees at first. The objection in the way
of expense, if that be an objection, is best overcome by
planting nuts in nursery rows, grafting the trees there,
and then setting them in the field. By no means should
the nuts be planted where the trees are to remain. It is
too difficult to give them the necessary care. Besides,
they are likely to be destroyed by squirrels or other ani-
mals. or the seedlings injured through carelessness in cul-
tivation.
SELECTING AN]) PLANTING NUTS.-NultS to be used in
growing stocks should be fully matured before gathering.
Some care should be taken in their selection. They should
be of good size for the variety, and should be gathered
only from healthy, vigorous trees. Frequently the only
object held in view is to get as many nuts as possible in
a pound, without regard to the tree on which they grew.
We believe that this is in a large degree responsible for
the unsatisfactory growth made by many grafted trees.
Those nuts which mature first are best for planting.
The nuts may be planted in Florida as soon as they are
laken from the trees, placing them in drills three and a
half feet apart and covering them two and a half or three
inches deep. In many cases it may be necessary and more
convenient to stratify the nuts in damp sand in boxes,
first an inch layer of sand, then a layer of nuts, until the
boxes are filled. These boxes should be placed in a cool,
shady place, under a building, in a cellar, or buried in the
earth. It is a good plan to cover them with wire net to
prevent mice, rats or squirrels from attacking them. In
early spring the boxes should be emptied out and the nuts
planted as directed above.
The seed-bed should be thoroughly prepared, plowed
deeply or subsoiled, well supplied with organic matter,
either from stable manure or from beggarweed, velvet
beans, cowpeas. or some other leguminous crop on the
soil, and turned under.
During the growing season the seed-bed should be kept
well cultivated and free from weeds and grass. A fer-











tilizer rich in nitrogen should be used. Its composition
will have to be governed very largely by the character of
the soil and the care and cultivation given it previously;
but for good nursery soils a fertilizer analyzing three per
cent. nitrogen will give good results. In a favorable
season the tops of the young trees will be a foot or some-
what more in height, with a tap-root two feet and a half
or so in length. The following spring and summer many
of the young trees can be worked by grafting or budding.
PROPAGATING TooLs.-The tools necessary for propagat-
ing pecans-nursery work and top-working-are a com-
mon budding knife, a budding tool, a grafting iron, a
grafting mallet and a fine-tooihed saw.
The budding knife should have a thin blade of good
steel, capable of retaining a keen, sharp edge. The whet-
stone must be used frequently to keep the blade sharp to
insure the making of smooth, clean cuts.
At least three budding tools have been invented. These
are known as "White's, Galbreath's and Nelson's budding
tools, respectively. The principle in each one is that two
sharp cutting blades are fixed parallel to each other to
insure uniformity in cutting annular and veneer-shield
or patch buds. White's budding implement is especially
recommended for use in top-working. The holes along the
sides are used as a gauge for measuring the stock and bud
stick. In the writer's opinion, the one best adapted for
veneer-shield budding, but the blades are just a little too
close together. A very satisfactory knife for this work
may be made from two ordinary budding knives and a
piece of wood three-quarters of an inch square and four
inches long. To opposite sides of this the blades can be
firmly attached with rivets and by binding with fine wire
and twine.
The grafting iron is indispensable in cleft-grafting.
These can be purchased at small cost, or a blacksmith
can make an excellent one from an old flat file. Three
or four inches of the file should be flattened and sharp-
ened for a blade. In the remainder drill two holes and
attach two pieces of wood to form a handle.
A small-sized carpenter's mallet answers nicely for a
grafting mallet, or a very good one can be made from a
piece of tough wood or a piece of an old wagon spoke.
A leather thong should be attached to the handle, through
which the wrist can be slipped to carry it when top
working.











The best saw for use in top-working is a carpenter's
back-saw. This has a stiff blade, fine teeth, and leaves
a smooth, clean cut.
WAXES, CLOTH AND TwINE.-Good grafting-wax may be
made according to either of the following formulas:
1. Resin 6 pounds, beeswax 2 pounds, linseed oil 1 pint.
2. Resin 4 pounds, beeswax 2 pounds, tallow 1 pound.
Melt the ingredients in an iron kettle over a slow fire,
stirring slowly to insure thorough mixing. When melted,
pour out into a bucket of cold water. Grease the hands,
remove the wax from the water as soon as it can be han-
dled and pull until it is light-yellow in color. Wax not
needed for immediate use may be rolled up in balls,
wrapped in oiled, stiff brown paper, and put away for
future use.
Waxed cloth can be prepared by melting the wax in a
kettle and dropping into it sheets or wide strips of old
calico or cotton cloth. As soon as saturated with the
wax, remove them from the kettle and stretch on a board.
For use tear into strips, one-quarter or one-half of an inch
wide.
Waxed twine is prepared by dropping balls of No. 18
knitting cotton into the melted wax and stirring them
about for four or five minutes, or until the wax has
penetrated them.
SELECTING CIONS AND BUDS.-Cions and bud sticks
should be taken from healthy, vigorous trees. Select the
cions from well-matured wood of one year's growth,
though a piece of two-year-old wood at the base will not
matter. The wood is angular, small and the internodes
long, and the pith large in proportion to the diameter.
Either terminal portions of twigs may be used or por-
tions back of the tip, but the buds should always be well
developed, full and plump. For this reason grafts should
not be cut from wood far back from the tip of the branch.
As stated already, twigs of the previous season's growth
are generally used, provided the growth is not too large.
Grafts are generally cut about five or six inches long and
should be from one-quarter to three-eighths of an inch in
thickness.
It is best that the grafts be cut while still in a dormant
state, and inserted in the stock just before growth starts.
The cions may be kept for a considerable length of time
by placing them loosely packed, in damp moss or sawdust,










in a box. The box should be covered over with earth and
the cions kept sufficiently moist to prevent drying out.
The difference in the condition of the stock and cion, it
should be understood, is not absolutely necessary, as good
results are frequently obtained without these precautions,
but in grafting the pecan a difference in dormancy is ex-
tremely desirable, and it is an important factor in secur-
ing good results.
For bud-sticks, well-developed one-year-old branches,
one-half to seven-eighths of an inch in diameter, and on
which the buds are well formed, or older wood, with
plump, full buds, are selected. Such sticks frequently
show three buds at a node, and if some misfortune should
overtake one or two of these, there is still a chance of suc-
cess, though the upper one, being the strongest, is gener-
ally the one which starts, provided it is uninjured and the
bud takes. The degree of maturity of the bud is impor-
tant, and care should be exercised that only those which
are plump, full and well-developed, are used. It is easy to
distinguish between desirable and undesirable buds.

GRAFTING AND GRAFTING METHODS.

Top-working by grafting, or the grafting of nursery
stock above ground, should be done in spring just before
growth starts. The preference is for the latter part of
the season, provided there is not too much work to be
done, as the cions have less time to dry out before the
process of uniting with the stock begins. The work of
whip-grafting nursery stock under ground just at the
crown roots of the seedlings can be started in the latter
part of December and continued until February. For this
work the earth is thrown back from the seedlings, leaving
them standing in a narrow trench. After the cions are
inserted, the ground is placed back about them, covering
them up, leaving only the top bud exposed. The seedling
trees cannot be dug up and bench-grafted satisfactorily
in winter, as is the practice with apples, pears and other
fruits. It can be done, but the percentage of unions se-
cured is too small to make it an economical method to
follow. The only satisfactory plan is to graft the seed-
lings in 1he nursery row, as described above.
Two methods of grafting are used, cleft-grafting for1
top-working and whip-gral'ling for working both nursery
seedlings and old trees.











CLEFT-GRAFTING.-Having selected the place on the
branch or trunk at which the cion or cions are to be
inserted, the part should be sawed off with a smooth,
clean cut. The end of the stub can then be cut squarely
off at the point desired.
The trunk or branch is then split with the granting
iron. The cleft should be carefully made, and should be
about one and a half inches in length. In preparing the
cion, a sloping cut is made at the lower end about one
and a half inches long, cutting into the pith from a point
one-half way up the cut, down to the lower end. On the
opposite side, the second cut should not touch the pith,
but should be made through the wood throughout. The
cion should be left wider on the outer side than on the
inner to make a tight fit when inserted. Start the cuts
on each side of and just at a bud.
Having made the cleft, open it with the wedge end of
the grafting iron and place the cion in position in the
cleft stock. The cambiun layers should be in contact and
the cion should be shoved well down until the who\e of
the wedge is within the stock. In large stocks two cions
may be inserted, the weaker of which should be removed
if both live. Large stocks will exert sufficient pressure
against the cions to render tieing unnecessary, but if the
stocks are small the union should be firmly tied with
waxed twine or cloth, and in any case the ends of the cut
stock and the union should be covered smoothly with
grafting-wax. Should there be danger of the stock exert-
ing too much pressure (as in the case of large stocks), the
cleft should be made well out to one side of the center.
WIIP-GRAFTING.-Stocks, whether seedling trees or
branches in the tops of old trees, should be less than
an inch in diameter, one-half or five-eighths inch being
a nice size.
A sloping cut, an inch or an inch and a half long, is
made at the end of the cion, a corresponding cut is made
on the stock, a small tongue of wood is raised on each by
making a cut with a knife-blade parallel to the grain of
the wood. The tongue is raised a little on both stock and
cion and the two are then shoved together, with the cam-
bium layers on one or both sides in contact. They must
then be firmly bound together with twine or cloth, the
whole of the cut surfaces being covered over to the ex-
clusion of water, air and the germs of decay.












The cion and stock are preferably chosen of nearly the
same size, but a cion somewhat smaller than the stock may
be used, in which case 1he cambium layers along one side
of the surfaces in contact must be placed opposite, as al-
ready indicated. In working nursery seedlings by whip-
grafting, the ciois should be inserted so that the point of
union will be under the surface of the ground. The earth
should be placed back around the union as soon as the
work is completed. This plan of propagation will not give
satisfactory results except on well-drained lands.

BUDDING, AND METHODS.

Budding is preferred to grafting by some propagators,
as Ihey are able to secure a larger percentage of unions
than by grafting. Much, however, depends upon the
locality, soil and drainage. By either method from fifty
to seventy-five per cent. of successful unions must be
considered satisfactory. The amateur may well be satis-
fied with ten per cent.
The season for budding is when the bark will slip well
during the months of July and August. The season is,
however, often extended into September. Many of the
buds inserted late in the season remain dormant until
the following spring.
During the season, from the first of July until Sep-
tember, the atmosphere is moist, the buds are in good-
condition, the sap flows freely, and better results are
secured than at any other time. The buds commonly used
are those which have been formed just previously. They
should be carefully selected and only those fully matured
should be used. Oliver (Bulletin 30, Bureau Plant In-
dustry, T. S. 1). A.) recommends the use of dormant buds
of last season, but the method has not met with favor
because of the large amount of wood which must be
sacrificed to secure a few buds.
ANNULAR BUDDING.-By this method branches or seed-
ling trelcs three-quarters of an inch or less in diameter
may be worked. It is preferable that the stock and bud
stick he of the same size, though the stock may be some-
what smaller. From the stock remove a ring of bark an
inch or so in length. On the bud-stick select a good bud
and remove it by taking out a ring of bark the same in
size as the one removed from the stock. Place this ring
3-Bul.












in the place on the stock prepared for it and bandage
securely in place, using a piece of waxed cloth. The
wrapper should be brought around the stock, so as to
cover the cut ends. The bud may be covered over or left
exposed. *
In ten days or two weeks remove the bandage, and
examine the bud. A plump, full bud at this time is an
indication that union has taken place.
VENEER-SHIELD OR PATCI--BUDDING.-If this method is
used, it is not essential that the stock and cion be of the
same size, and so far as size alone goes almost any stock
may be used. A rectangular or triangular piece of bark
is removed from the side of the stock. From the bud
stick cut a similar piece of bark with a bud in its center.
Place the 1ud in place on the stock and wrap as in annu-
lar budding. If the stock is considerably larger than the
bud-stick, the piece of bark with bud attached will have
to be flattened out somewhat before inserting.
LoPPING.-Frequently buds, particularly those inserted
late in the season, act as dormant buds and do not begin
growth until the following spring. The top of stocks
budded during June, July and August should be lopped
up to September first. It is always well to start the buds
out before growth ceases for 1he season, but stocks budded
after the first of September should not be lopped until the
following spring. just before growth begins.
One method of lopping is to cut the stock back to within
five or six inches of ite buds, at first. Later, after the
bud has grown to some size, it should Ie cut right back
to the ind and painlcd over to prevent rotting Lopping
may also be performed by nutting the stock half oil' two
or three incml hs above the hndl and bending it over. After
growth stars in the bud, it should be removed entirely,
thus throwing lie full flow of sap into the bud.

THE NiRkSEIY.

The best soil for the pecnml indiuslry is a well-drained,
lonny soil. wilh a clay or s-ndy-cllay sub-soil. The land
should he put in g ood condition befrori the trees or nuts
are planted in it. Crops of beggarweed. velvet beans
plowed under, or a good dressing of well-rotted stable
manure, will go a long way toward putting the ground
in good shape. The ground should he plowed deeply and
pll in the very best tilth.













Throughout the growing season the ground should be
cultivated frequently. Shallow cultivation to conserve
moisture and destroy weeds is all that is necessary. It
is not possible to grow good trees without thorough, fre-
quent cultivation.
Fertilizers containing considerable nitrogen should be
used at the rate of about 300 pounds per acre. One
analyzing 3 per cent. phosphoric acid, 3 per cent. potash
and 6 per cent. nitrogen is about right for nurseries on
most Florida soils.
As soon as a block of trees is removed, it is an excellent
plan to sow the ground in one of the leguminous crops
mentioned above, to help it to recuperate. The frequent
cullivations, so necessary for the growth of the trees, wear
out the humus in the soil. The legumes will replace this
if grown, and plowed back into the soil, after they are
dead and dry.

TOP-WORKING PECAN TREES.

By far the greater number of seedling trees in the State
have not fulfilled lhe expectations of their planters. The
trees are not prolific, or the fruit which they bear is small
and inferior. Such trees, if in good health and vigor, may
be top-worked to advantage. Seedlings may be planted
with the expectation of top-working them, but this is not
recommended.
I tile trunks are small, an inch or an inch and a half in
diameter, the whole top may be removed at once. If the
trees are of medium size the main branches may be worked
close to the trunk; and if large, grafts may be inserted
farther up from the trunk. Buds may be inserted in vig-
orous branches. The growth of such branches may be in-
duced by cutting back the original branch of the tree in
late .winter. Lateral buds will then be forced into growth
and by midsummer the branches formed from them will
be large enough to bud. The attempt should not be made
to bitd or graft over the whole top of a large tree in one
season. Only a few branches should be worked each year,
and in the course of two, three or four years, depending
upon the size of the tree, the old top can be entirely re-
moved and replaced by a new one of a good variety.
Both cleft and whip-grafts may be used, but the latter
can, of course, only be used on small stocks. The objec-
tion to working very large branches is that they do not












heal readily; two and a half inches is about the maximum
in size. Large wounds should be painted over with white
lead paint to prevent decay.
For several months after the new top has commenced
to grow the cions or buds have but a slight hold upon the
stock, and as lhe growth is usually very vigorous and the
leaf surface great, considerable damage is frequently done
by strong winds, or by wind and rain together. To pre-
vent this, the young shoots may be tied together or fast-
ened to other portions of the stock. If this be done, care
should be taken that the twine used does not do injury
by cutting into the wood. To obviate this, a piece of
burlap should he placed around the branch beneath the
twine, and the twine should be removed as soon as it has
served its purpose. In some cases the top may be sup-
ported by lashing a pole against the side of the trunk and
fastening the grafts to the upper part of this, or a pole
may be driven into the ground at some distance from the
trunk, fastened against a branch or stub of a branch above
and used in the same way. After the top has grown suffi-
ciently to take care of itself, these posts can, of course, be
removed. Sometimes, after the top has made considerable
growth, and particularly if large branches are allowed to
develop opposite each other, they are split apart and the
whole top ruined. If this undesirable conformation exists
it is best to take steps to prevent splitting. A bolt having
a slout washer against the head should be placed through
two branches, a second washer placed on and the nut
screwed up. This bolt will, in the course of a few years,
be entirely covered. By this means the tree trunks are
held firmly together. This same plan may be used to save
branches which have partially split apart. Sometimes a
branch may be inarched from one large branch to another
to serve as a living brace.
Necessarily, a considerable number of wounds are made
in lop-working. Branches are removed entirely, others
are cut back to within a foot or so of the trunk and
grafted. Often these fail to unite. Such stubs should not
be left. If branches are formed on them they should be
cut back to the point where these buds start; if no
branches come out from them they should be cut back
to the trunk or large branch on which they are borne.
If left, they prevent the healing of the wound, rot back,
and the rot is carried into and down the trunk of the
tree, resulting in a hollow and weakening the trunk.











Smooth cuts should be made, and these should be covered
with white lead paint to prevent decay. A little lamp-
black may be added, if desired, to make the paint nearly
the color of pecan hark.

SOILS, AND THEIR PREPARATION.

The peculiar conditions of soil and moisture surround-
ing the pecan in its native home might be regarded as an
indication that it cannot be grown except on deep, rich
soil, in proximity to rivers, ponds or streams. Such, how-
ever, would be a wrong inference, for it succeeds admir-
ably and hears good crops on a wide range of soils. Hence
we find it to-day in localities far removed from the regions
to which it is indigenous and thriving under conditions
differing greatly from those obtaining in its native home.
In Florida, trees may be found growing on soils ranging
from the black hannmock to the less fertile high pine lands.
On hammock soils, however, the trees are often inclined to
develop wood at the expense of fruit, while on less fertile
soils the trees make less wood and bear more fruit pro-
porrionalely. Pecans thrive well on flat woods; the
grove of 1r. .1. B. Curtis, Orange Heights, Fla., is planted
on this type of land. Moisture in sufficient quantity must
be present. but it will not do to plant the pecan on land
that is continually wet and soggy. The presence of a
hard. impenetrable sub-soil doubtless has a great influence
upon the welfare of the tree, and it would be better to
select other ground, or when this is impossible, to blast
out 1he hardpan. A quicksand sub-soil is equally objec-
tionable. If close to the surface, it should not be used.
The roots cannot penetrate it. All things considered, the
best soil is probably one which has previously supported
a growth of holly, willow-leaved oak, dog-wood, hickory
and lose other trees usual found associated with them.
A sandy loam. will a cay or sandy-clay sub-soil, is diffi-
cult to sIirpass.
A land intended for young trees should be well pre-
pared. This preparation will depend largely upon the
care and treatment which the soil has received pre-
viously. Land on which the forest still stands should
preferably be thoroughly cleared and put in cultivation
for a year or two before planting. Leguminous crops are
excellent to precede the setting of the trees. Plow the











ground thoroughly, break deeply, harrow it level, and
it is ready for the trees.

PECAN PLANTING.

BUYING TMI:S.-Florida has suffered as much froni
fraudulent pecan tree agents as any other State. Seed-
ling trees have been "doctored" and sold to planters,
and varieties have been sold which were untrue to name.
Unfortunately, too few people are acquainted with the
characteristics of a budded or grafted tree.
Those who are thoroughly acquainted with the wood,
twigs and branches of pecan trees are able to tell the
different varieties at a glance. The color of the bark,
the shape, size and arrangement of the lenticles, the size
and shape of the buds are always characteristic, and by
these marks varieties can be distinguished. Every planter
should acquaint himself with the wood characteristics of
the varieties. But, after all, the safest, by far the safest,
plan is to deal directly with honest nurserymen, men of
unquestionable integrity, men who give their business
careful thought and attention.
The best trees for general planning are well-grown one-
year-old trees, from three to five feet high.
Too often but slight attention is given to the planting
of the trees. There is too frequently a disposition on the
part of the person setting trees of any kind to do the
work as rapidly as possible, without consideration for the
future welfare of the plants. Few realize that time spent
in careful, intelligent preparation of the soil and in set-
ting the trees is time well spent and well paid for in the
after-development of trunk and branch. Better a month
spent in preparing the future home of the young tree
than years of its life spent in an unequal struggle for
existence. More than that, the tree may die outright and
a year must elapse before it can be replaced. It is
generally stated that the pecan is a slow grower. and yet
trees 'from twelve to fourteen years old will sometimes
measure from thirty-five to fifty-seven inches in circum-
ference at lie base. while under less favorable circum-
stances others will stand still for a period of six or seven
years, or until they have accumulated sufficient energy to
overcome the untoward conditions of their environment.
Dl)1sTANclss.-The distance apart a1 which the tree
should be set will depend in a measure upon the character











of the soil. If rich and moist, the trees should be set far-
ther apart than on higher, drier soils. Forty feet is gen-
erally believed to be about right for most Florida lands.
Two methods of setting may be followed, rectangular and
hexagonal. The number of trees which may be set per
acre Iy the rectangular system are as follows:

40x40 .................. ......... 27 trees
40x45 .............................. 24 trees
40x50 .............................. 21 trees
40xGO .............................. 18 trees
15x45 .............................. 21 trees
50x50 ............................ 17 trees
50xGO .............................. 14 trees
50x75 .............................. 11 trees
(0x ) ................. . .......... 12 trees
(Ox75 ................... .......... 9 trees
70x7) .............................. 8 trees
70x75 .............................. 8 trees
75x75 .............................. 7 trees

To find the number of trees for any distances not given
in the above table, multiply the distances together and
divide 43,560. the number of square feet in an acre, by
the product. The result will give the number of trees.
By the hexagonal system, about fifteen per cent. more
trees may be set per acre than by the rectangular system.
If a double planting is contemplated, as pecans and
peaches, the rectangular system should be used, and one
or more peaches set out in each rectangle formed by the
pecans.
STAKING TIE GROUND.-If a good plowman can be se-
cured, the rows can be run off with a plow, running both
lengthwise and crosswise of the field. Ordinarily, how-
ever, a true corner may be established with a carpenter's
square, the field staked out around the outside. For the
rectangular system, the stakes can then be set up in the
center of 1he field by measuring or by sighting, or by
both. Ordinary building laths make good stakes.
To stake off the ground by the hexagonal method, com-
mence on one side of the field and plant stakes at the de-
sired distance apart where the trees are to stand. Using
two chains or two pieces of wire with rings at the ends
(their length being the same as the tree distance), the posi-
tion for the second row of trees may be easily ascertained.










Drop the rings over two adjoining stakes and stretch them
out until they form an equilateral triangle with the base
line. Plant a stake at the apex to indicate where the tree
is to stand. Set up all the stakes for this second row in
the same manner, then use it as a base line and so on
across the field.
PLANTING.-Having set a stake where each tree is to
stand, the planting board should then be brought into use.
This is simply a light board, five or six inches wide and
six feet long, with a notch cut in the center of one side
and an inch hole bored in each end. In digging the holes
for the trees this board is laid down on the ground with
the notch against the tree stake. Two small wooden stakes
are then shoved into the ground through the holes in the
ends and the board and tree stake both taken away.
In preparing tile tree for Ilai.liii-. all broken or
bruised roots should be cut off immediately behind the
injuries. This is usually done before packing for ship-
ment if trees are purchased from a nurseryman, but pos-
sibly may be neglected or the ends of rools become rubbed
or jagged in transit. The cuts should be made with a
sharp knife from the underside of the roots and outward.
leaving a smooth, sloping cut. To trim the roots to the
best advantage, they should be held upside down while
trimming.
In setting out a pecan tree, a hole 24 inches in diameter
and 30 inches deep is usually large enough, although
wider holes may be dug with advantage, thereby enabling
more pulverized and richer soil to be put around the
roots, which is beneficial to the new feeding roots as they
form. When setting out the trees, carefully fill in among
the roots with pulverized top soil or woods earth. Well-
rotted manure or not exceeding one and one-half pounds
of commercial fertilizer may be put in the outer sides of
hole, as far as practicable beyond outer ends of lateral
roots, while bole is being filled, but by no means to come
in contact with the roots or trunk of tree. No fertilizer
should be put at bottom of hole. Work and firmly press
the dirt among the roots, laying each root in a natural
position. No holes or cavities in the soil should be left,
and soil must be in close contact with all roots, especially
the tap-root. The bottom of the hole should be firm, to
avoid further settling of the tree. The tree should be set
at such a depth that after a copious watering and the
permanent settling of the earth it will be, perhaps, a











iiti)e deeper than it stood in the nursery row. It is very
important that no part of the crown or root be left un-
covered when planted or afterward, and if at any time
it is found that the earth has settled and left any
brownish-red part of the crown or root exposed, it must
again be covered with soil.
The point where the root and crown leave off and the
trunk begins is a very vital portion of the newly-set tree
and must always be underground. Trees should be care-
fully examined after the first heavy rain after planning,
and earth thrown to tree if soil has settled. It is better
to plant them an inch or two deeper than they stood in
the nursery row than to run any risk of having the crown
of root exposed. If tap-roots are inconveniently long,
say over thirty inches, they must be cut off by a sloping
cut with a sharp knife. In the larger size trees it is bet-
ter to sink a hole deep enough to receive the root without
cutting shorter than is done before packing. The foolish
theory about a pecan tree not bearing if its tap-root has
been cut has been so thoroughly disproved that it is not
worth discussion. If the tap-root is cut when the tree is
dug. as is often necessary, the cut quickly heals and a
new lap-root (sometimes several) will form. After plant-
ing is completed, loose soil should be lightly thrown
around the tree to lessen evaporation, or it may be
mulched with leaves, straw, etc., in lawns and other
places where no crops are to be planted. The mulching
of newly-set trees is highly recommended. Th!e ground
is thereby kept moist, a slow decaying supply of natural
plant food is provided, and grass and weeds are not so
troublesome, thus avoiding the necessity of so frequently
stirring tile soil immediately around the trees. The
ground around fruit or nut trees should never be allowed
to lake or crust, and it is the more important with newly-
set trees, particularly the first season.
Never allow the roots of a pecan tree to become dried
out. It is best that the necessary root Ipruning be done in
the shed and the trees carried to the field wrapped in a
damp blanket, from which they are removed one by one as
required for planting. The tops should be pruned back
slightly to restore the balance between the roots and the
tops, which hlas been disturbed in the process of trans-
planting.
The best time to plant pecan trees is somewhere be-
tween tile first of December or the latter part of Novem-











ber and the first of February. Preference must be given
to the earlier part of this period, as the ground will have
a chance to become firmly packed and the root wounds
will have partially calloused over before the growing
season begins. Besides, the early spring season in Florida
is usually dry and recently planted trees do not stand
nearly so good a show as those planted in December
and January.
CULTIVATION.

Because the pecan grows as a forest tree in some parts
of the country many people suppose that it can be left
without care and cultivation, left as any other tree in the
fields and woods is left to shift for itself. But if fruit
is required from the tree, no matter whether planted in
the garden or the orchard, it should be given good care.
Too many of our practices are based upon ideas taken
from the native trees of the woods and fields. But all
these trees do from year to year is bear a few fruits,
many of which are imperfect, in the attempt to reproduce
themselves. If that is all that is desired of the pecan tree,
well and good; a system of neglect will secure the result
and the insects and fungi will be the chief beneficiaries
of the practice.
One lesson can be learned from the woods. The ideal
soil conditions for the pecan grove is that found in the
forest. The soil there is filled with vegetable matter and
humus; it holds water and plant food. The aim in the
cultivation of the trees should be to provide and main-
tain a soil as nearly ideal as that.
Whether anyone would have the temerity to advocate
the cultivation of a pecan orchard along the lines applied
to peach orchards and citrus groves is seriously doubted.
A pecan plantation will begin to bear in from six to eight
years after planting and should produce a very fair crop
at ten years, after which it rapidly increases in produc-
tivity. But during the period when the trees are growing
and no fruit is being produced, cultivation must be given.
This is best done by planting the land between the tree
rows in cotton, peanuts or other field crops, in vegetables,
cowpeas, beggarweed or velvet beans. The last mentioned
crops may be used in making hay. These are the ideal
crops for the pecan orchard. It would be best to follow
a systematic rotation of these crops. As, for instance,










first year peanuts, second year cotton, or first year crab-
grass and beggarweed, second year cotton, and third year
velvet: beans or cowpeas.
The area grown in these crops should by no means
equal the total area of the field. The tree rows for a
width of four or five feet on each side should not be
planted in crops during the first year. This strip should,
however, be cultivated during the first part of the season
and about the beginning of the rainy season sowed to
beggarweed. The cultivated area will necessarily become
more restricted each year, and eventually the ground will
have to be given up lo the trees.
Then the plan frequently advised is to put the land in
grass and use it for a pasture. But grass is generally
an important item in the cultivation of neglected pecan
orchards. It is ,,,i ..", wiith ncylcct and bad t eat-
m'en. It interferes with the growth, development and
fruiting of the trees, and this plan is no longer advised
by growers.
Instead, it is preferable 1o cultivate the trees in spring,
continuing the cultivation well up to the rainy season.
Later, in August, a crop of crabgrass and beggarweed
may be removed for hay. By autumn a considerable
additional growth will be formed to cover the ground in
winner and turned back into the soil to restore and main-
tain the necessary hfimus content of the soil.

FERTILIZERS.

On nearly all Florida soils pecan trees are benefited by
the application of fertilizers in some form or other. Large
quantities of food materials are taken from the soil in the
growth of the trees and ihe development of the crop.
The greatest demand made on the soil by the tree is
for nitrogen, and this can be met by applying stable
manure, or by growing leguminous crops and turning
them under, as already directed. In the fertilizing of the
pecan this is by all means the best policy. The potash
in the form of sulphate or nmuriate of potash and the phos-
phoric acid in the form of acid phosphate can be supplied
separately.
FORMULAS.-The requirements of the trees will differ at
different stages of their growth. The needs of the young
trees differ from those of fruiting ones. For young trees,
nitrogen in considerable amounts is required, while for











bearing trees more potash and phosphoric acid and less
nitrogen, relatively, are required. If complete fertiliz-
ers are used, those given the young trees should analyze
about five per cent. phosphoric acid, six per cent. potash
and four per cent. nitrogen; while one containing six per
cent. phosphoric acid, eight per cent. potash and four per
cent. nitrogen is about right for bearing trees.
If we assume that acid phosphate analyzes 14 per cent.
phosphoric acid, high-grade sulphate of potash 50 per
cent. potash, cotton seed meal 6.5 per cent. nitrogen, and
dried blood 14 per cent. nitrogen, the following amounts
of these materials, which may be mixed at home. will give
approximately the above analysis:

Foa YOUNG TREES-
Acid Phosphate (14 per cent. goods)....... 700 pounds
H. G. Sulphate Potash ................... 225 pounds
Cotton Seed Meal ...................... 1,150 pounds

If dried blood is used in place of cotton seed meal, one-
half of the amount, or 575 pounds, will give as much, or
slightly more, nitrogen, than the 1,150 pounds of cotton
seed meal.

FOR OLD TREES-
Acid Phosphate (14 per cent.) ............ 850 pounds
H. G. Sulphate Potash .................. 300 pounds
Dried Blood ........................... 250 pounds
Cotton Seed Meal ....................... 600 pounds

2,000 pounds

APILYING THE FERTILIZER.-The whole of the fertilizer
may be applied in spring, just before the growth starts.
On the whole, this is one of the best times to apply it. In
some cases it may be advisable to apply only half the
material at that time, leaving the other half for applica-
tion about the first of June. So far as the nitrogen part
of the fertilizer is concerned, this would be good practice,
but the potash and phosphoric acid may as well be applied
at the beginning of the season's growth.
In applying the fertilizer to young trees, it should be
put on in a circular band about the tree (closer or farther
away, depending on the size of the tree), and spreading
ijt around on a strip four or five feet wide. As the trees












increase in size, the fertilizer should be applied over a
larger area until, in the case of old trees, the whole sur-
face should receive an application.

PRUNING.

For such pruning as is necessary for pecan trees, a few
tools should be provided. These will consist of a pair of
good pruning shears, German solid steel pruning shears
being the best, a pair of Walter's tree prunes for cutting
back long branches, and a good pruning saw. One of the
best pruning saws is what is known as a Climax pruning
saw, or a Pacific Coast pruning saw is equally as good.
it is not advisable to prune the trees during the time
when growth has just started in spring, and the sap is
in active motion. At this time it will be well-nigh im-
possible to properly protect the wounds. The necessary
coat of paint will not stick to the wound when wet with
sap from the tree.
While pruning may be done during the summer months,
when the tree is in full leaf, all things considered, the
best time to prune is in early spring before growth starts.
There is usually less to be done on the farm at this season
and more time is available for the work. Wounds made
at this time usually heal quite rapidly.
In cutting all branches the saw should be held parallel
to the part which is to remain, and the branch should be
cut off smoothly close up to the trunk.
As soon as the branch is removed the wound should be
painted to protect it from decay. For a protective cover-
ing, nothing is better than white lead paint. A small
amount of coloring matter may be added to it, if desired.
As a general rule, the pecan requires comparatively
little pruning. At the time of planting, the young trees
should be cut back some distance, particularly if they are
very tall. It is well to have the main branches form
within four or five feet of the ground. After this about
all the pruning necessary is to remove dead or injured
branches and cut back those which have a tendency to
run up beyond their neighbors. For this work, as well
as in procuring grafts or bud-wood from the top of the
tree, the tree-pruner comes into good service.
Top-worked trees frequently require considerable prun-
ing to get them started so that they will develop into
symmetrical trees.













HARVESTING AND MARKETING.

The pecan crop is not so difficult to harvest and prepare
for market as a crop of oranges or peaches, for instance,
and yet some care must be taken to put the nuts on the
market in inviting shape.
FIELD EQUIPMENT.-The equipment necessary for har-
vesting consists of an extension ladder, a step-ladder, a
number of bamboo fishing-poles and picking sacks. The
best kind of step-ladder is one having three legs instead
of four. Picking sacks may be made from ordinary hemp
or jute sacks. The sack should be spread open with a
piece of stick, sharp-pointed at both ends, placed in one
side of the mouth, thus making the opening triangular.
Place a pecan nut in the lower corner of the sack, tie one
end of a piece of stout twine about it as it lies in the
corner and then tie the other end of the twine to the
center of the mount of the stick opposite the stick. The
twine should be short enough to draw the bottom and
top of the sack close together, leaving an opening through
which the arm may be thrust and the sack slung over the
shoulder.
PICKING.-As soon as the greater percentage of the
burrs have opened, the crop should be gathered. It will
not do to wait until all have opened, neither is it advis-
able to pick the trees over a number of times. Pick them
clean al one picking. The burrs of those nuts which are
fully Imatured will open, the burrs of immature ones may
not. The hitter should be discarded.
The nien should climb the trees and pick the nuts by
hand, usiin!u tile bamboo poles only for those entirely out
of reach. Even this should be done carefully, so as not
to injure the bearing wood of the trees. Care in picking
good nuts by hand will amply pay the grower, because the
beating and shaking of the trees will cause a considerable
quantity of fruit to be lost, and a few pounds saved will
repay all the time and trouble. Of course, in very high
trees there is frequently nothing to do but shake and
thrash tlie crop off the trees. The plan of covering the
ground beneath the trees with a large sheet would work
well and assist in reducing losses. As soon as taken from
the trees the nuts should be spread out under a shed or in
a building to dry. A very convenient plan, and one which
will save space, is to provide a sufficient number of trays,
three feet 1b four feet, and three inches deep, with half-












inch mesh wire bottoms, and place the nuts in these, two
or two and a half inches deep. Racks can be provided
around the room in which to place these. In from ten
days to two weeks from the time of picking the nuts
should be cured.
GRADING.-The variety should be made the basis of the
grade; that is, each variety should be picked, packed and
marketed by itself. This, besides, gives an excellent op-
portunity to compare the commercial value of different
kinds. When a grower has a large number of different
kinds of seedling nuts, and a small quantity of each, they
may be graded by passing them through screens.
POLISHilI. At the present time practically all of the
common market nuts are both polished and colored. Color-
ing should not be resorted io, and in the case of good va-
rieties of nuts polishing should not be done. In the case
of small or mixed lois, however, polishing is useful in
making the nuts more uniform. It can be accomplished
by putting the nuts, with a little dry sand, in a barrel
fixed so that it can be rotated like a revolving churn and
turning over until the nuts receive the desired polish. The
better nuts, however, should be put on the market just
as they come from the trees. The markings, dots and
streaks on the o side are their trademark and should not
be interfered with.
PACKAGES.-For shipping small quantities of pecans by
express, nothing is better than a box. Barrels are best for
larger shipments. For mail shipments stout pasteboard,
wooden or tin boxes or tin cans make good packages.
Frequently shipments are made in sacks, but the sack does
not afford sufficient protection to the contents and should
not be used. As a rule, the box should be made so that a
given weight will fill i-, but this difficulty may be over-
come. to a certain extent, by putting in a pad of paper or
excelsior-paper being preferable. Fill the packages on a
solid floor, shaking them down well and putting in all
they will hold, placing the pad, if one has to be used, in
the bottom.
On the outside of the packages, before shipping, should
be placed the name of the grower, the variety, the number
of pounds, and the shipping directions. Small boxes to
be shipped by express for the holiday trade should be
wrapped in good quality wrapping paper before shipping.
MAnRKETING.-The best plan for marketing good pecan
nuts is to build up a private trade. As a matter of fact,












at the present time but very few of the large, full-meated
pecans find their way into the general market. They are
either taken by seedsmen or consumed by private custom-
ers. In building up a private trade, advertising has its
place, of course. Advertisements inserted in a magazine
or papers, particularly in those which are published in
the tourist towns of the State, may be found helpful.
The object and aim should be to give each private cus-
tomer a package, bright, neat, attractive and containing
the best quality of nuts. If a certain price per pound is
fixed for a given quality, then this should not be varied
under any circumstances. Each year the same quality of
nuts should be given to each customer. It will not do to
give large ones one year and smaller ones the next; this
tends to create dissatisfaction. In some of the larger
cities there are high-class fruit dealers who handle noth-
ing but fruits, nuts, etc., of the very highest quality.
Under some circumstances it might be well to enter into
negotiations with such firms.

VARIETIES.

Although the pecan industry is not old, yet a very con-
siderable number of varieties has been brought forward.
Not all of these are or have been meritorious, and in fact
many varieties are now represented by name only. Other
varieties are comparatively new, and no one can speak
authoritatively of what they will do over a wide range of
territory. Still other varieties have been propagated by
buds or grafts for a number of years, with the result that
they have been tested fairly well over the country. Some
of the varieties so tried have proved satisfactory, others
have not. Of the older varieties, Stuart, Van Deman and
Frotscher have been found satisfactory in nearly all
cases, while Centennial and Rome have proved so un-
satisfactory that they have been cut out of the lists of
many propagators. It is doubtful whether a more worth-
less nut has ever been propagated and sold than that
much-named variety, Rome, Columbian, Pride of the
Coast, Century, Twentieth Century, etc. For the
Florida planters, the best advice that can be given is to
plant neither Centennial nor Rome. They either do not
bear enough fruit or that which they do produce is in-
ferior or poorly filled out. Van Deman, Stuart and











Frotscher, on the other hand, have generally borne full
crops of nuts of good quality.
A satisfactory commercial pecan nut must be prolific,
of good size, good quality, must not be spasmodic in its
bearing, plump, with a bright, presentable exterior and
preferably a light-colored kernel. The nuts should, be-
sides, yield sixty per cent. or upward of kernels. All
these things in one variety make a difficult combination
to secure. Undue weight must not, however, be given to
size, for size and quality are usually antagonistic to each
ohler. In fact, in pecans, as in other fruits, we must go
to the small or medium sized ones for the best quality.
No variety of pecan is superior to San Saba in quality, yet
it is a small nut. Other varieties which may be regarded
as standards of quality are Schley and Curtis. The
former is a medium to a large nut and medium prolific
variety, while Curtis is of medium size, precocious and
prolific.
Moneymaker is reported as doing well in Louisiana,
and, being a medium-sized nut, it is likely to succeed in
Florida; but the shell is rather thick. Georgia has proved
to be a prolific and precocious bearer. Nearly all of the
varieties given in the following list have been reported
upon favorably by different growers.
In planting pecans, no greater mistake than that of
planting a large number of varieties can be made. At
most, the plantings should be confined to four or five
varieties. If the grower desires to experiment, and it
is a good thing to do, then a tree or two of a number of
other varieties should be included in order to test their
merits.
VARIETIES RECOMMENDED.-The following list contains
the varieties which are worthy the attention of Florida
planters. Not all of them have been thoroughly tested as
yet. and the reason for inserting them here is to urge that
this be done not in large numbers, not in ten-acre
blocks, but in lots of two or three trees. In the mean-
time, until our knowledge of the varieties and their adap-
tion is increased, the safest advice that can be given the
Florida planter by the writer is to confine himself to such
well known varieties as Curtis, Frotscher, Schley, Stuart,
Van Deman. This list for planting in the western part
of the State may be supplemented by Bolton, Sweetmeat
4-Bul.











and Georgia. Pabst and Russell are also much in favor
with a good may growers. Continued improvements in
those we have and equally as valuable additions are, of
course, to be expected and are being added from time to
time.
REMARKS.

While we believe pecan growing to be a fine investment,
we advise conservatism; do not plant more than can be
properly cared for; the industry has come to stay, and
with time it will grow to vast proportions. We do not
believe that any person living to-day will ever see the
demand wholly supplied, let alone a glutted market. The
best grade of pecans are bringing about 50 cents per
pound, but if this price is reduced in time as low as ten
cents per pound there is more money in growing them
than there is in most of the standard crops under good
management. So we say to the young or the middle-aged
man or woman engaged in, or about to engage in, either
general or special farming, to plant pecans in proportion
to their ability to care for them properly-it will pay
them.




















PART III.


Fertilizers,
Feed Stuffs, and
Foods and Drugs












REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND
FORWARDING OF FERTILIZER OR COMMER
CIAL FEEDING STUFF SAMPLES TO THE COM-
MISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.



SECTION 15 OF THE LAWS.

Special samples of Fertilizers or Commercial Feeding
Stuffs sent in by purchasers, under Section 9 of the laws,
hall be drawn in the presence of two disinterested wit-
nesses, from one or more packages, thoroughly mixed, and
A FAIR SAMPLE OF THE SAME OF NOT LESS THAN EIGHT
OUNCES (ONE-HALF POUND) SHALL BE PLACED IN A CAN OR
BOTTLE, SEALED AND SENT BY A DISINTERESTED PARTY TO THH
COMMISSIONERR OF AGRICULTURE AT TALLAHASSEE. NOT
LESS THAN EIGHT OUNCES, IN A TIN CAN OR BOTTLE, WILL BK
ACCEPTED FOR ANALYSIS. This rule is adopted to secure
fair samples of sufficient size to make the necessary de-
terminations and to allow the preservation of a dupli-
cate sample in case of protest or appeal. This duplicate
sample will be preserved for two months from the date
of certificate of analysis.
The State Chemist is not the proper officer to receive
special samples from the purchaser. The propriety of
the method of drawing and sending the samples as fixed
by law is obvious.
The drawing and sending of special samples in rare
r"ases is in compliance with law. Samples are frequently
xent in paper packages or paper boxes, badly packed, and
frequently in very small quantity (less than ounce) ; fre
quently there are no marks, numbers or other means of
identification; the postmark in some instances being
absent.
I would call the attention of those who desire to avail
themselves of this privilege to Sections 9 and 10 of the
law, which are clear and explicit.
Hereafter, strict compliance with above regulations
will be required. The sample must not be less than one-
half pound, in a can or bottle, sealed and addressed to the
Commissioner of Agriculture. The sender's name and ad-
dress must also be on the package, this rule applying to
special samples of fertilizers or commercial feeding stuff.











A one-pound baking powder can, properly cleaned,
filled with a fairly drawn, well mixed sample taken from
several sacks, is a proper sample. It should be sealed and
addressed to the Comomissioner of Agriculture at Talla-
hassee. The sender's name and address should also be
placed on the package. If more than one sample is sent,
the samples should be numbered so as to identify them.
All this should be done in the presence of the witnesses
and the package mailed or expressed by one of the wit
nesscs.
The tags off the sacks should be retained by the sender
to compare with the certificate of analysis when received,
and not sent to this office. The date of the drawing and
sending of the sample, and names of the witnesses, should
also be retained by the sender; not sent to this office.

WATER ANALYSIS.

We frequently analyze water for public use, city, town
and neighborhood supplies; springs and artesian wells
in which the public is interested; and for individuals
when some economic question, boiler, laundry or other
industrial use is to be decided. WE DO NOT ANALYZE
WATER FOR INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT WHEREIN THE PUBLIC IS
NOT INTERESTED. SUCII SAMPLES SHOULD BE SENT TO A
COMMERCIAL LABORATORY. THE STATE LA.\ORATORY DOES
NCT COMPETE WITH COMMERCIAL LABORATORIES. Also. we
do not make bacteriological examinations nor examina-
tions for disease germs. Such examinations and anaiy-
ses are made by the State Board of Health at Jackson-
ville.
We do not make a sanitary analysis, nor a complete
quantitative determination, separating each mineral and
stating the quantity thereof. Such an analysis would
be costly in time and labor, and of no real value to the
inquirer. We determine the total dissolved solids in the
sample and report Ihem as parts per 1,000,000. naming
the principal ingredients in the order of their predomi-
nance. We find Calcium Carbonate (lime), Sodium
Chloride (salt), Magnesium Sulphate (epsom salts),
Silica (snd), and Iron, is the general order of their pre-
dominance, though on the coast, where the total dissolved
solids amounts to 5,000 or more parts per 1,000,000, So-
dium Chloride (salt) is the predominant substance.
From a knowledge of the chemical analysis of a water,












unaccompanied by any further information, no conclu-
sion as to the potability and healthfulness of the water
can be deduced.
Therefore, we require the following information to be
given in regard to the source of the water:
(1). The source of the water: spring, lake, river, driven
well, dug well, bored well, artesian well, or flowing well;
and also the depth of the water surface below the top of
the soil, and in case wells the depth of the casing.
(2). The locality of the source of the water: town,
city or village; or the section, township and range.
(3). The proposed use of the water: city supply, do-
mestic use, laundry, boiler, irrigation or other industrial
use.
(4). No sample of water will be analyzed unless the
name and address of the sender is on the package for
identification.
We require two gallons of each sample of water, in a
new jug, stopped with a new cork, and sent by prepaid
express. We will not accept any sample of water for
analysis not in a new jug. Vessels previously used for
other purposes are never properly cleaned for sending
samples of water for analysis. Corks, once used for other
substances (molasses, vinegar, whiskey, kerosene, etc.)
are never properly cleaned. In sampling a well water,
the stagnant water in the pump must first be pumped off.
The jug must first be rinsed with the water to be sam-
pled, emptied, and then filled. A sample of spring, river
or lake water is best taken (after rinsing the jug) by
allowing the jng to fill al'tr immersion some distance
under hlie surface near the center of the body of water.
NOTE.-We find the waters of the State-springs, wells,
driven wells and artesian wells-generally very pure and
wholesome, with but little mineral impurity and that
such as is not harmful. Except in cases of gross care-
lessness, in allowing surface water to contaminate the
well or spring, the waters of the State are pure and
wholesome. The deep wells of the State are noted for
their purity and healthfulness.

ANALYSIS OF FOODS AND DRUGS.

Samples of Foods and Drugs are drawn under special
regulations. Application should he made to the Com
missioner of Agriculture or State Chemist for the neces












sary blanks, instructions, etc., for drawing and trans-
mitting samples of foods and drugs, including drinks of
all kinds.

COPIES OF LAWS, RULES AND REGULATIONS,
AND STANDARDS.

Citizens of the State interested in fertilizers, foods and
drugs, and stock feed, can obtain, free of charge, the re-
spective Laws, including Rules and Regulations and
Standards, by applying to the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture or State Chemist. Applications for the Quarterly
Bulletin of the State Department of Agriculture should
also be made to the Commissioner of Agriculture or State
Chemist. The Bulletins of the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station can be had by application to the Direc-
tor at Gainesville.

SOIL ANALYSIS.

We frequently have samples of soil sent in for analysis
and a request to advise as to the best methods of fertiliz-
ing. Excepting in extreme cases, such as Heavy Clays,
Pure Sand and Muck Lands, there is but little informa-
tion to be derived from a soil analysis that would be of
benefit to farmers. So much depends on tilth, drainage,
culture and other physical conditions that an analysis
made under laboratory conditions is of little value.
A chemical analysis of a soil may indicate a very fertile
soil, rich in plant food, while the facts are the soils are
not productive. This is instance by the rich Sawgrass,
muck lands and river bottoms of the State, that are fer-
tile chemically, but not productive until properly
drained; also, by the arid lands of the west, rich in the
elements of plant food, but not productive until irrigated.
Other soils, with less plant food, but on account of proper
physical conditions, culture and tilth, are exceedingly
productive.
The average of thousands of analyses of Florida soils
made by the Agricultural Experiment Station and the
State Laboratory is as follows:
Nitrogen (per cent.) ........................ 0.0413
Potash (per cent.) ................ .......... ).0.0091
Phosphoric Acid (per cent.) .................. 0.1635












This is a fair average of all of the Norfolk and Ports-
mouth soil series of the State, which comprise by far the
greater portion of the State.
In this connection we quote from the report of the
Indiana Agricultural Experiment Station. Purdue Uni-
versity, Lafayette, Ind., as follows:
"SOIL ANALYSIS OF LITTLE VALUI IN SHOWING FER-
TILIZER REQUIREIMENTS.- The Chemical Department is
called upon to answer hundreds of letters of inquiry in
relation to agricultural chemical problems from people
all over the State. In this connection it might be well
to say that there is a widespread idea that the chemist
can analyze a sample of soil and, without further knowl-
edge of the conditions, write out a prescription of a fer-
tilizer which will fill the needs of that particular soil.
"The Experiment Station does not analyze samples of
soil to determine the fertilizer requirements. There is
no chemical method known that will show reliably the
availability of the plant food elements present in the soil,
as this is a variable factor, influenced by the kind of
crop, the type of soil, the climate and biological condi-
tions; hence, we do not recommend this method of test-
ing soil.
"The method recommended by the Indiana Station is
the field fertilizer test or plot system, in which long,
narrow strips of the field to be tested are measured off
side by side. The crop is planted uniformly over each.
Different fertilizers are applied to the dillerent plots,
every third or fourth one being left unfertiiized. The
produce from these plots is harvested separately and
weighed. In this manner the farmer can tell what fer-
tilizer is best suited for his needs. As climatic conditions
may influence the yield with different fertilizers, it is best
to carry on such tests for more than one year before
drawing definite conclusions. There is positively no
easier or shorter method of testing the soil that we fee?
safe in recommending.
"Soil can be greatly improved by an intelligent rota-
tion of crops, the conservation of stable manure, and the
use of some kind of commercial fertilizer. Farmers need
have no fear that the proper application of commercial
fertilizer will injure the land."












INSTRUCTIONS TO MANUFACTURERS AND
DEALERS.

Each package of Commercial Fertilizer, and each
package of Commercial Feeding Stuff, must have, securely
attached thereto, a tag with the guaranteed analysis re-
quired by law and the stamp showing the payment of the
inspector's fee. This provision of the law, Section 3 of
both laws-will be rigidly enforced.
Manufacturers and dealers will be required to properly
tag and stamp each package of Commercial Fertilizer or
Commercial Feeding Stuff under penalty as fixed in Sec
tion ; of both laws. Tags shall be attached to the top
end of each bag, or head of each barrel.

INSTRUCTIONS TO PURCHASERS.

Purchasers are cautioned to purchase no Commercial
Fertilizers or Commercial Feeding Stuff that does not
bear on each package an analysis tag with the guarantee
required by law, and the stamp showing the payment of
the inspector's fee. Goods not having the guarantee tag
and stamp are irregular and fraudulent; the absence of
the guarantee and stamp being evidence that the manu-
facturer or dealer has not complied with the law. With-
out the guarantee tag and stamp showing what the goods
are guaranteed to contain, the purchaser has no recourse
against the manufacturer or dealer. Such goods are sold
illegally and fraudulently, and are generally of little
value. All reputable manufacturers and dealers now
comply strictly with the law and regulations by placing
the guarantee tag and stamp on each package.

INSTRUCTIONS TO SHERIFFS.

The attention of Sheriffs of the various counties is
called to Section 3 of both laws, defining their duties.
This Department expects each Sheriff to assist in main
training the law and protecting the citizens of the State
from the imposition of fraudulent, inferior or deficient
Commercial Fertilizers or Commercial Feeding Stuffs.












MARKET PRICES OF CHEMICALS AND FERTIL-
IZING MATERIALS AT FLORIDA SEA
PORTS, JANUARY 1, 1910.
AMMONIATES.
Less than Ten tons
ten tons. and over.
Nitrate of Soda, 17 per cent Ammonia. .$52.00 $51.00
Sulphate of Ammonia, 25 per cent Am-
monia ............... .......... 70.00 69.00
Dried Blood, 16 per cent Ammonia.... 59.00 58.00

POTASH.
High Grade Sulphate of Potash, 48 per
cent. Potash (K20) ................$50.00 $49.00
Low Grade Sulphate of Potash, 26 per
cent Potash (K,O0)................ 30.00 29.00
Muriate of Potash, 50 per cent. Pot-
ash (K,O) ....................... 46.00 45.00
Carbonate of Potash, 60 per cent. Pot-
ash (KO) ........................ 110.00 .....
Nitrate of Potash, 15 per cent. Am-
monia, 44 per cent. Potash (K.0).... 90.00 89.00
Kainit, 12 per cent. Potash (KO0)..... 13.00 12.00
Canada Hardwood Ashes. 4 per cent.
Potash (K20) ..................... 18.00 17.00

AMMiONIA AND PHOSPHORIC ACID.
High Grade Blood and Bone, 10 per
cent. Ammonia, 5.50 per cent. Phos-
phoric Acid ...................... 40.00 $39.00
Blood and Bone. 8 per cent. Ammonia,
10 per cent. Phosphoric Acid........ 36.00 35.00
Low Grade Blood and Bone, 6.50 per
cent. Ammonia, 8 per cent. Phosphoric
A cid ............................. 32.00 31.00
Raw Bone, 4 per cent. Ammonia, 22
per cent. Phosphoric Acid.......... 34.00 33.00
Ground Castor Pomace. 5.50 per cent.
Ammonia, 2 per cent Phosphoric Acid 26.00 25.00
Bright Cotton Seed Meal, 7.50 per cent.
Ammonia ........................ 34.00 33.00
Dark Cotton Seed Meal, 4.50 per cent.
Ammonia .................. ... .... 30.00 29.00












PHOSPHORIC ACID.

High Grade Acid Phosphate, 16 per
cent. Available Phosphoric Acid.....$15.00 $14.00
Acid Phosphate, 14 per cent. Available
Phosphoric Acid .................. 14.00 13.00
Bone Black, 17 per cent. Available
Phosphoric Acid ................. 25.00 24.00
Odorless Phosphate, 14 per cent. Avail-
able Phosphoric Acid.............. 25.00 24.00

MISCELLANEOUS.

High Grade Ground Tobacco Stems,
2 per cent. Ammonia, 8 per cent.
Potash (K20) ..................... 22.00 21.00
High Grade Kentucky Tobacco Stems,
2.50 per cent. Ammonia, 10 per cent.
Potash (K.O) ..................... 25.00 24.00
Tobacco Dust, No. 1. 2 per cent. Am-
monia, 2 per cent. Potash (K,O .... 25.00 24.00
Cut Tobacco Stems, 2 per cent. Am-
monia, 4 per cent. Potash (K,0) .... 20.00 19.00
Dark Tobacco Stems, baled, 2 per cent.
Ammonia, 4 per cent. Potash (K20).. 19.00 18.00
Land Plaster ........................ 12.00 11.00

The charges by reputable manufacturers for mixing and
bagging any special or regular formula are $1.50 per ton
in excess of above prices.











NEW YORK WHOLESALE PRICES, CURRENT JAN.
1, 1910-FERTILIZER MATERIALS.

AMIMONIATES.

Ammonia, sulphate, foreign, prompt,
per 100 pounds....................$2.65 @ -
futures .... ................ 2.65 @ -
Ammonia, sulp., domestic, spot........ 2.71/@ -
futures ..................... 2.651/@ -
Fish scrap, dried, 11 per cent. ammonia
and 14 per cent. bone phosphate, f. o.
b. fish works, per unit.............. 2.85 & 10
wet, acidulated, 6 per cent.
ammonia, 3 per cent. phos-
phoric acid, f. o. b. fish works 2.35 & 35
Ground fish guano, imported, 10 and
11 per cent. ammonia and 15-17 per
cent. bone phosphate, c. i. f. N. Y.,
Balto. or Phila .................. 3.00 & 10
Tankage, 11 per cent. and 15 per cent.
f. o. b. Chicago ................... 2.75 @2.80&10
Tankage, concentrated, f. o. b. Chicago,
14 to 15 per cent., b. Chicago....... 2.75 @ -
Garbage, tankage, f. o. b. Chicago.... 8.00 @
Sheep manure, concentrated, f. o. b.
Chicago. per ton .................. 9.50 @ -
Hoofrneal, f. o. b. Chicago, per unit... 2.55 @
Dried blood, 12-13 per cent. ammonia,
f. o. b. New York.................. 2.95 @ -
Chicago .......................... 2.90 @
Nitrate of soda, 95 per cent spot, per
100 pounds ...................... @ 2.10
futures, 95 per cent.......... @ 2.10

PHOSPHATES.

Acid phosphate, per unit ............$ .55 @( .60
Bones, rough, hard, per ton........ 20.50 @ 21.50
soft steamed unground ..... 18.50 @ 21.00
ground, steamed, 1 1-4 per
cent. ammonia and 60 per
cent. bone phosphate...... 19.00 @ 19.50
ditto, 3 and 50 per cent ..... 22.50 @ 22.50












raw ground, 4 per cent. ammo-
nia and 50 per cent. bone
phosphate ....... ....... 26.00
South Carolina Phosphate rock, un-
dried, per 2,400 lbs., f. o. b. Ashley
R iver ........................... 5.50
South Carolina Phosphate rock,
hot air dried, f. o. b. Ashley River.. 7.00
Florida land pebble phosphate rock,
68 per cent., f. o. b. Port Tampa,... 3.75
Florida high grade phosphate hard
rock. 77 per cent., f. o. b. Florida
or Georgia ports ................. 7
Tennessee phosphate rock, f. o. b., Mt.
Pleasant, domestic, per ton, 78@80
per cent. ......................... 5.00
75 per cent. guaranteed......... 4.75
68@72 per cent. .............. 4.25


@ 27.00


5.75

7.25

4.00


@ 7.50


5.50
5.00
4.50


POTASHES.


Muriate potash, basis 80 per cent, per
100 pounds..................... $ 1.90 @
Manure salt, 20 per cent. actual potash 14.75 @
double manure salt, 48 per cent. ... 1.161/2@
Sulphate potash (basis 90 per cent).. 2.181/2@
Kainit, in bulk, 2,240 pounds........ 8.50 @


O











STATE VALUATIONS.

For Available and Insoluble Phosphoric Acid, Ammonia
and Potash for the Season of 1910.

Available Phosphoric Acid............. 5 cents a pound
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid............. 1 cent a pound
Ammonia (or its equivalent in nitrogen) .16 cents a pound
Potash (as actual potash, K20)........ 5 cents a pound
If calculated by units-
Available Phosphoric Acid .............. $1.00 per unit
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid............... 20 c. per unit
Ammonia (or its equivalent in nitrogen)..$3.20 per unit
Potash ................................. 1.10 per unit

With a uniform allowance of $1.50 per ton for mixing
and bagging.
A unit is twenty pounds, or 1 per cent, in a ton. We
find this to be the easiest and quickest method for calcu-
lating the value of fertilizer. To illustrate this, take for
example a fertilizer which analyzes as follows:
Available Phosphoric Acid...6.22 per cent.x$1.00-$ 6.22
Insoluble Phosphoric Acid...1.50 per cent.x .20- .30
Ammonia .................. 3.42 per cent.x 3.20- 10.94
Potash .................... 7.23 per cent.x 1.10- 7.95
Mixing and Bagging .........................- 1.50

Commercial value at seaports ...................$26.91

Or a fertilizer analyzing as follows:

Available Phosphoric Acid.... 8 per cent.x.$1.00-$ 8.00
Ammonia ...................2 per cent.x 3.20- 6.40
Potash ......................2 per cent.x 1.10- 2.20
Mixing and Bagging ..........................- 1.50

Commercial value at seaports.................. .$18.10

The above valuations are for cash for materials deliv-
ered at Florida seaports, and they can be bought in one-
ton lots at these prices at the date of issuing this Bulle-
tin. Where fertilizers are bought at interior points, the
additional freight to that point must be added.











If purchased in carload lots for cash, a reduction of
ten per cent. can be made in above valuations, i. e.:

Available Phosphoric Acid ...........90 cents per unit
Potash (K20) ..................... 99 cents per unit
Ammonia (or equivalent in nitrogen)..$2.88 per unit

The valuations and market prices in preceding illustra-
tions are based on market prices for one-ton lots.

STATE VALUES.

It is not intended by the "State valuation" to fix the
price or commercial value of a given brand. The "State
values" are the market prices for the various approved
chemicals and materials used in mixing or manufacturing
commercial fertilizers or commercial stock feed at the
date of issuing a Bulletin, or the opening of the "season."
They may, but seldom do, vary from the market prices,
and are made liberal to meet any slight advance or
decline.
They are compiled from price lists and commercial re-
ports by reputable dealers and journals.
The question is frequently asked: "What is 'Smith's
Fruit and Vine' worth per ton?" Such a question cannot
be answered categorically. By analysis, the ammonia,
available phosphoric acid and potash may be determined,
and the inquirer informed what the cost of the necessary
material to compound a ton of goods similar to "Smith's
Fruit and Vine" would be, using none but accepted and
well known materials of the best quality.
Slate values do not consider "trade secrets," loss on
bad bills, cost of advertisements and expenses of collec-
tions. The "State value" is simply that price at which.
the various ingredients necessary to use in compounding
a fertilizer, or feed, can be purchased for cash in ton lots
at Florida seaporis.
These price lists in one and ten-ton lots are published
in this report, with the "State values" for 1910 deducted
therefrom.












COMPOSITION OF l.1;II'LIZER MATEIKIALS,
NITROGENOUS MATERIALS.
POUNDS PER HUNDRED

Plhosphoric
Ammonia Acid Potash

Nitrate of Soua........... 17 to 19 ............. ..........
Sulphate of Ammonia ... 21 to 24 ............ ..........
Dried Blood.............. 12 to 17 ...................
Concentrated Tankage.... 12 to 15 1 to 21...........
Bone Tankage ........... 6 to 9 10 to 151............
Dried Fish Scrap........ 8 to 11 6 to 8|...........
Cotton Seed Meal......... 7 to 10 2 to 3 1 to 2
Hoof Meal ............. 13 to 17 1] to 2 ......
PHOSPHATE MATERIALS.
POUNDS PER HUNDRED

Available Insoluble
Ammonia hos. Acid Phosphoric
Ph. Acid

t'lorida Pebble Phosphate. .......... .. ..... 26 to 32
Wlorida Rock Phosphate.. ............. ........... 33 to "(r
Florida Super Phosphate.. ............ 14 to 45 1 to 35
Ground Bone ............ 3 to 61 5 to S8 15 to 1i
,i.eamed Bone .......... 3 to 4i 6 to 9 10 to 20
Dissolved Bone ......... 2 to 41 13 to 151 2 to A
POTASH MATERIALS AND FARM MANURES.
POUNDS PER HUNDRED

Actual Phosphoric
Potash Ammonia Acid Lime

fiuriate of Potash....... 50 ...............7........
lrn hate of Potash..... 48 to 52 1.........I .............
Carbonate of Potash..... 55 to 60 I.........I ......... ........
Nitrate of Potash...... 40 to 44 12 to 16 ......... .........
Double Sul. of Pot. & Mag 26 to 30 ......... .........
ialnit ................. 12 to 121 .......... .... .........
lylvinit ............... 116 to 20 ......... ......... .
f'otton Seed Hull Ashes..115 to 30 ......... 7 to 9 10
Wood Ashes, unleashed.. 2 to 8 ......... 1 to 2 .......
Wood Ashes. leached.... 1 to 2 ....... 1 to 1135 to 40
Tobacco Stems......... 5 to 8 2 to 4 .......... 3)
Cow Manure (fresh).... 0.40 Oto0.41 0.16 0.31
Horse Manure (fresh).. 0.53 0to 0.60 0.28 0.31
Sheep Manure (fresh).. 0.67 1.00 0.23 0.33
Hog Manure (fresh).... 0.60 0.55 0.19 0.U8
Hen Dung (fresh)...... 0.85 2.07 1.54 0.24
Mixed Stable Manure.... 0.63 0.76 0.26 | 0.70











FACTORS FOR CONVERSION.


To convert-
Ammonia into nitrogen, multiply by............ 0.824
Ammonia into protein, multiply by............. 5.15
Nitrogen into ammonia, multiply by............. 1.214
Nitrale of soda into nitrogen, multiply by........ 0.1647
Nitrogen into protein, multiply by.............. 6.25
Bone phosphate into phosphoric acid, multiply by 0.458
Phosphoric acid into bone phosphate, multiply by 2.184
Muriate of potash into actual potash, multiply by 0.632
Actual potash into muriate of potash, multiply by 1.583
Sulphate of potash into actual potash, multiply by 0.541
Actual potash into sulphate of potash, multiply by 1.85
Nitrate of potash into notrogen, multiply by..... 0.139
Carbonate of potash into actual potash,multiply by 0.681
Actual potash into carbonate of potash,multiply by 1.466
Chlorine. in "kainit," multiply potash (K0O) by.. 2.33
For instance, you buy 95 per cent. of nitrate of soda
and want to know how much nitrogen is in it. multiply 95
per cent. by 0.1647, you will get 15.65 per cent. nitrogen;
you want to know how much ammonia this nitrogen is
equivalent to, then multiply 15.65 per cent. by 1.214 and
you get 18.99 per cent., the equivalent in ammonia.
Or, to convert 90 per cent. carbonate of potash into
actual potash (K,0), multiply 90 by 0.681, equals 61.29
per cent. actual potash (KO).


SPECIAL SAMPLES.

It is shown by the number of "Special Samples" (those
sent in direct by the purchaser of fertilizers or feeds) that
the law is becoming more generally understood by the
farmer, fruit and vegetable grower. Purchasers who have
any reason to doubt the correctness of the guarantee on
the goods furnished them, should not hesitate to send in
samples for an analysis.
This right to have a sample of the goods purchased
analyzed by the State Chemist, under Section 9 of the
5-Bul.










law without charge the inspection fees covering the
cost of analysis, as well as inspection-has doubtless had
a direct influence upon the increased quality of the goods
sold in the State. When properly drawn, sealed, wit-
nessed and transmitted, the "Special Sample" has proved
a safeguard to the consumer, legitimate dealer and manu-
facturer, and a check upon the careless, ignorant, or
fraudulent vendor or manufacturer.
It furnishes the consumer with the same protection
demanded by the manufacturer, who buys his materials
only upon the guarantee, and pays for item according to
analysis.
By far the largest amount of commercial fertilizers used
in Florida are manufactured or mixed by factories in
the State. Large amounts of fertilizing materials are
imported direct by factories and dealers located at our
seaport cities; cargoes of potash salts direct from Ger-
many are now frequently received by Florida importers,
while large amounts of acid phosphate are manufactured
at and exported from the various Gulf and Atlantic ports.
Florida consumers may now purchase their fertilizers
and chemicals at Florida seaports as cheaply as at any of
the seaports of the country.
Tables of the average composition of feeds and fer-
tilizer materials will be found in this Bulletin. The con-
sumer should consult them, compare the guarantee tag
therewith, and if doubtful of the truthfulness of the
"guarantee," send a "Special Sample" in a tin can to the
Commissioner of Agriculture for analysis, as directed in
regulations governing the taking and sending of special
samples-on another page.










67
AVERAGE COMPOSITION OF
FEEDSTUFFS.


NAME OF FEED



Briglit Cott'n Seed Meal

Dark: Cotton Seed Meal

Linseed Meal, old
process .... . .
Linseed Meal, new pro-
cess ...............
Wheat Bran .........

Wheat Middlings .....

Mixed Feed (Wheat)..

Ship Stuff (Wheat)..

Corn (grain) ........

Corn Meal .........

Corn Cobs ..........

Corn and Cob Meal...

Hominy Feed ........

Corn and Oats, equal
parts. ..........
Corn and Oat Feeds..

Barley (grain) .......

Barley Sprouts .. ....

Barley and Oats, equal
parts ..........


2
o o

9.35 39.70

20.00 22.90


7.50

8.40
9.00

5.40

7.80

5.00

2.10

1.90

30.10

6.60

4.05


5.70
12.10

2.70

10.90


35.70

36.10
15.40

15.40

16.90

14.60

10.50

9.70

2.40

8.50

10.50


10.50
8.70

12.40

27.20


COMMERCIAL





~"
I I

28.GU 7.801 5.80

37.10 5.501 5.00


36.00

36.70
53.90

59.40

54.40

59.80

69.60

68.70

54.90

64.80

65.30


64.20
61.70

69.80

42.70


6.101 12.10f 64.75


7.20

3.60
4.00(

4.10

1.80

5.00

5.40

3.80

0.50

3.50

7.85


4.40
3.70

1.80

1.60


3.401


5.30

5.20
5.80

3.20

5.30

3.70

1.50

1.40

1.40

1.50

2.55


2.20
3.20

2.40

6.30


2.70









68

AVERAGE COMPOSITION OF COMMERCIAL FEED-
STUFFS- (Coniinued.)


NAME OF FEED.



i Oats (grain) ........

Oat Feed ............

Rice (grain) ........

S R ice l tian ...........
Rice H ulls .......... .

Rye (grain) ........ .

Rye Bran ............

S Wheat (grain) ...... .

Cow Pea ............

Cow Pen Hny ........

Velvet Beans and Hullsi

Velvel Bean Ihiy ....

Beggarweed Hay .....

Wire Grass Hay ......

Cotton Seed (whole)..

S Cotton Seed Hulls ....

Gluten Feed ......

Beef Scrap .... ...


9.50

6.10

0.201

9.50)

35.70

1.70

3.50

1.80

4.10

20.10

9.20

29.70

24.70

31.80


44.40

5.301
1


11.80 59.70 5.00 3.00

16.00 59.40 7.10 3.70

7.40 79.20 0.40 0.40

12.10 49.900 8.80 10.00

3.00 38.60 0.70 13.20

10.60 72.50 1.70 1.90

14.70 63.80 2.80 3.60

11.90 71.90 2.101 1.80

20.80 55.70 1.401 3.20

6.600 42.20 2.20 7.50

19.701 51.301 4.50 3.30

14.70 41.00, 1.701 5.70

21.70 30.201 2.301 10.90

5.50 18.601 1.50 3.80

18.40 24.70 19.90 3.50

4.00 36.60 2.00 2.60

24.00 51.20 10.60 1.10

44.70 3.281 14.75 29.20












COMMERCIAL STATE VALUES OF FEEDSTUFFS
FOR 1910.

For the season of 1910 the following "State values"
are tix ed ai a guide to purchasers.
'The, values are based on the current price of corn,
whibh lhas been chosen as a standard in fixing the com-
nmercial values; the j;rice of corn, to a la ge extent, gov-
vrning the price of ctlter feeds, pork, beef. etc.:

I COMMERCIAL, VALUES OF' FEEDSTUFFS FOR 1910.

Protein, 31 cents per ioiid ........... ;) cents per unit
Star':h and Sugar. 1 A cents per poun1d..30 cents per unit
Fats. 3- conts per pound .............. cents per unit
A unit being 20 pounds (1 per cent) of a ton.
Indian corn being the standard @() ':'1.)00 per Itu.
To find the commercial State value. multiply the per-
,entages by the price per unit.

EXAMPLE NO. 1.

HOMINY FEETD-

Protein ...................... 10.50 x 65c. $ 6.83
Starch and Sugar .............. 65.30 x 30c, 19.59
Fat .......................... 7.85 x 65c, 5.10

State value per ton ........................31.52

EXAMPLE No. 2.

CORN-

Protein ....................... 10.50 x 65e. $ 6.8.3
Starch and Sugar .............. (9.60 x 30c, 20.88
Fat ........................... 5.40 x 65c. 3.51

State valne per ton ...................... .31.22












FORMULAS.

There are frequent inquiries for formulas for various
crops; there are hundreds of such formulas published;
and while there are hundreds of "Brands" the varia-
tions in these grades are surprisingly little. Dozens of
"Brands" put up by the same manufacturer are identical
goods, the only difference being in the name printed on
the tag or sack. A good general Formula for field or
garden might be called a "Vegetable Formula," and would
have the following: Ammonia 34 per cent, available phos-
phoric acid 61 per cent, and potash 74 per cent. The fol-
lowing formulas will furnish the necessary plant food in
about the above proportion. I have purposely avoided the
use of any fraction of 100 pounds in these formulas to
simplify them. Values are taken from price lists fur-
nished by the trade, which we published in our Report
of January 1, 1910.
For Cotton, Corn, Sweet Potatoes, and Vegetables:
Ammonia 34 per cent, available phosphoric acid 64 per
cent, potash 74 per cent.

(A) "VEGETABLE."


No. 1.
Per Cent.
900 pounds of Cotton Seed Meal (7i-2i-1) ...... 3.25 Ammonia
800 pounds of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.).... 6.40 Available
3001 ounds of Muriate (or Sulphate) (50 per cent) 7.50 Potash
2000
State value mixed and bagged............ $26.55
Plant Food per ton....................... 343 pounds

No. 2.
Per Cent.
1000 lbs of Blood and Bone (6j-8)........ 3.25 Ammonia
400 Ibs of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.).. 7.00 Available
600 Ibs of Low Grade Sulp. Pot.(26 per ct.) 7.80 Potash
2000
State value mixed and bagged............ $27.48
Plant Food per ton.............. ......... 360 pounds














No. 3.


300 lbs of Dried Blood (16 per cent.).....
100 Ibs of Nitrate of Soda (17 per cent.)...
1000 lbs of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.)...
600 lbs of Low Grade Sulp. Pot. (26 per ct.)

2000


Per Cent.
3.25 Ammonia
8.00 Available
7.80 Potash


State value mixed and bagged .............. $28.48
Plant Food per ton ........................ 381 pounds

(B) "FRUIT AND VINE."

No. 1.

Fruits, Melons, Strawberries, Irish Potatoes: Ammonia 4 per
cent., Available Phosphoric Acid 7 per cent., Potash 10 per cent.

Per Cent.
1000 lbs of Blood aad Bone (61-8)...... 4 Ammonia
100 lbs of Nitrate of Soda (17 per ecnt.).. 8 Available
500 lbs of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.).. 8 Availablesh
400 lbs of Muriate of Potash (50 per ct.).. 10 Potash

2000
State value mixed and bagged............. $33.30
Plant Food per ton ........................ 440 pounds

No. 2.
Per Cent.
500 lbs of Castor Pomace (6-2 per cent.).. 4.00 Ammonia
200 lbs of Sulp. of Am. (25 per cent.).... 7.70 Available
900 lbs of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.).. 7.70 tAvaila
400 lbs of Sulp. of Pot. (48 per cent.)....

2000
State value mixed and bagged.............. $32.56
Plant Food per ton........................ 426 pounds

No. 3.

Per Cent.


500 lbs of Cotton Seed Meal (7j-2-1i) ....
100 lbs of Nitrate of Soda (17 per cent.)..
100 lbq of Sulp. of Am. (25 per cent.)....
900 lbs of Acid Phosphate (16 per cent.)..
400 lbs of Sulp. of Potash (48 per cent.)..

2000


3.97 Ammonia
8.30 Available
8.97 Potash


State value mixed and bagged............. $32.18
Plant Food per ton....................... 425 pounds


-^^~^










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY.

FERTILIZER SECTION.
R. E. ROSE, State Chemist. SPECIAL FERTILIZER ANALYSIS, 1910. L. HEIMnBURGER. Assistant Chemist.
Samples Taken by Purchaser Under Section 9. Act Approved May 22, 1901.


NAME, OR BRAND.,


I I
Fertilizer ................... 2117 ......
Cotton Seed Meal (G T. No. 2118 ......
4461) ............ .......
Cotton Seed Meal (A. C. L. 2119 ....
No. 33350) ...............
Cotton Seed Meal "W" ..... 2120 ......
Cotton Seed Meal "B" ...... 2121......
Fertilizer ................... 2122 12.17
Fertilizer .................. 2123 12.76
Acid Phosphate ............. 2124 .. ..
Nitrate of Soda ............ 2125 .. ..


Phosphoric Acid.
0

S- .0
o I
-E I A .0
w *- .~ S
0 ~ 0 -
0 ? ED '3 5 -aia
'- i < a i < IC


3.97 2.30 6.27 7.00
... ... ... 7.35

...... ...... 7.25

................. 4.38
... .. ... ... .. 4.28
8.55 0.27 8.82 2.08
9.251 0.391 9.64 1.65
15.711 0.85 16.56 ......
.. .... .. ..... .. 18.60


7.03'
S. .


BY WHOM SENT.




R. E. Rose. Tallahassee, Fla.
Lewis Bear Co., Pensacola, Fla.

Lewis Bear Co., Pensacola, Fla.


..... D. M. Lowery, Tallahassee, Fla.
...... D. Lowery, Tallahassee, Fla.
2.48I W. A. Galloway, Ferry. Fla.
1.80G C. T. Jenkins, Ferry, Fla.
...... .Johnson, Holt, Fla.
...... J.. D. Johnson, Holt, Fla.


I







Peruvian Guano (M. C. No. 2126
48235) ................. ..
Peruvian Guano ( Sou. No. 2127
132963) ........ ..........
Peruvian Guano (M. & W. No. 2128
60028) ...................
Basic Slag (C. & O. No. 5296) 2129
Basic Slag (S. A. L. No. 2130
1S731) ...................
Basic Slag (Sou. No. 9947)... 2131
Cotton Seed Meal (R. I C. 2132
No. 60144) ...............
Cotton Seed Meal (I. C. No. 2133
25132) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (B. & 0. No. 2134
70177) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (N. & W. 2135
No. 60396) ................
Cotton Seed Meal (M. C. No. 2136
44538) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2137
Fertilizer ................... 2138
Fertilizer ................... 2139
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2140
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2141
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2142
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2143
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2144
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2145
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2146
Cotton Seed Meal (C. of Ga. 2147
N o. 4662) .................


. . I
......














12."15I
......
......









. ,.


. .
......|


9.21 5.43i

10.85 J 5.32

10.17 4.01

5.531 12.00
5.84| 11.88

6.23 11.97












I1.15 0.35
. . . .


. . .. !






. .' .I .


6.50! 2.051

6.99 2.48

5.96 2.38

...... ......



7.24 ......

7.35 ..... .

7.15 ......

7.301 .....

7.52 ......

7.85 .....
1.70 2.21
2.23 2.04'
7.56 .....
6.7S ......
7.62 ......
7.54 ......
6.96 ......
7.52 ......
7.66 ......
6.81 ...


Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus. .McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, AMcFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kiaus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

I.raus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

1
mlrs. H. W. Thomas, DeFuniak, Fla.
('hn:es Foster, Holt, Fla
'ilton Foster, Red Rock, Fla.
IPu'non Chappell, Quincy, Fla.
T. ;;. Lambert, Quincy, Fla.
I M2. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
F I. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
II F. Dykes, Quincy, Fla
M. G. Flake, Quincy, Fla.
C. W. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.










SPECIAL FERTILIZER ANALYSES, 1910-Continued.

Phosphoric Acid.


NAME, OR BRAND., BY WHOM SENT.


Z5 .2a
_______ ^ I ^^E- .1 4


Cotton Seed Meal (L. & N. z148 ......
N o. 67183) ...............
(otton Seed Meal (Grand 2149 ...
Trunk No. 12573) .........
Cotton Seed Meal (M. L. & T. 2150.....
N o. 30606) ...............
Cotton Seed Meal (L. & N. 2151 ....
N o. 17759) ................
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2152 15.',6
Fertilizer No. 2 ........ ..... 2153 10.15
Fertilizer ............ ..... 2154 13. 1I
Fertilizer No. 1............. 2155 ......
Fertilizer No. 2 ............. 2156 .
Muriate of Potash .......... 2157 ..
Fertilizer No. 3 ............. 2158 11.11 .
Nitrate of Soda ............. 2159 ......
Fertilizer ................... 2100 11.28
Fertilizer ................... 2161 .
Fertilizer ................... 2162 11.79
Muriate of Potash .......... 2163 .... .


9.29
11.07
8.89!
9.80
12.13!

11.28S

8.50
15.62
13.051
..... I-


1.75f 11.041
1.291 12.3: .
0.71 9.60
0.02 9.82
0.221 12.,35
... ...... .
0.591 11.S7

0.05 8.55[
1.71 17.33
1.10 14.211
. . . .


7.07 .
. .... 7 .071 . .

.. 7.401 ......

. .. 7 .27 i ......

...... 92 ... .


2.57| 1.36
4.611
2.20 3.01
1.59 2.81
2.021 1.88
..... 5S.88
3.30G 3.07
1S.39' ......
2.131 2.35!
0.95 2.01
1.90 1.74
..... 50.20


Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla. -]

Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.


T. G. Lambert, Quincy, Fla.
T. G. Lambert, Quincy, Fla.
'. W. Bryan, Sullivan, Fla.
W. P. Bryan, Sullivan, Fla.
V.' '. Bryan, Sullivan, Fla.
\V. P. Bryan, Sullivan, Fla.
\' !'. B;yan, Sullivan, Fla.
\W P. Bryan. Sullivan, Fla.
T. 'V.. Bryan, Suillivan, Fla.
I'rmesl Anmos. Tallahassee, Fla.
.J!ohn Johnson, Sullivan, Fla.
John Johnson, Sullivan, Fla.


. .






.


J I


. I







Fertilizer (Hanna No. 1) .... 2164 ......
Fertilizer .................. 2165 ......
Fertilizer No 1B ........... 2166 ......
Fertilizer No. 2M ........... 2167 ......
Fertilizer ................... 2168 10. 17
Fertilizer (Com. Sam. "Cotton 2169 ......
Boll") .
Fertilizer (Co. Sam. "Corn- 2170 ......
plete Guano. .) ...........
Cotton Seed Meal ...........2171 ......
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2172 ......
Nitrate of Soda ............. 2173 .
Fertilizer (Com. Sample 2174 ......
"Meal Mixt.") ............
Acid Phosphate (Com.Sample) 2175 .

Acid Phos hate ............. 2176 .....
Fertilizer .................. 2177 .
Fertilizer ................... 217. 110 75
Acid Phospnate ............. 2179 .. ..
Fertilizer ("Meal Mixt.").... 2180 ....
Acid Phosphate ("R. & E.").. 2181 .....
Acid Phosphate ("W. C. L."). 2182 ......
Fertilizer ("Blood Mixt.")... 2183 ......
Fertilizer ("Bone Comp. W. 2184 8.10
C L .") ............ ......
Acid Phosphate ("J. G.").... 2185 ......
Fertilizer ("Cotton Boll")... 2186 ......
Fertilizer ("Mobile Stand. 2187......
J. G.") ................. 8
Potash Salt No. 1 ........... 2188 .....


11.48 1.701 13.18 ...
6.044 1.55 7.59 3.15
11.48 0.12 11.60 1.50
10.68 0.61 11.29 2.38
10.151 0.28 10.43 1.64
9.711 1.031 10.74 2.22.

9.4 0:0; 9.73 4.25

..... ...... ...... 7 .95 .
..... ...... ...... 6 .10 .
... ...... ...... 18 .02 .
9.05 0.93 9.98 2.55

17.G65 0.,3 17.98 ..... .

17.76 0.06 17.82 ...... .
9.58 2.24 11.82 2.31
12.10 0.65 12.75 2.65
15.81, 1.02 16.83 ..... .
7.71 0.4G 8.17 2.17
16.98 0.14 17.12 ...... .
15.58 0.14 15.72 .......
8.571 0.62 9.19 2.65
11.20] 0.92 12.12 2.08

15.42 0.54 15.96 ...... .
9.72 0.25 9.97 2.15
12.50 0.13 12.63 2.0O

. .. . . .. . .


3.721
10.431
2.75;
2.50
2.291
1.35


A. L. Wilson Co., Quincy, Fla.
C. B. Dean, Lakeland, Fla.
C. H. Scott, Bascom, Fla.
C. H. Scotl, Bascom, Fla.
,'. E Foster, Red Ror'k, Fla.
T. & L. M. Owens, Quinty, Fla.


1.94 H. F. Dykes and J. L. Owens, Quincy,
Fla.
..... WT. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
.....L. Heimburger, Tallahassee, Fla.
... L. Heimburger, Tallahassee, Fla.
1.47 W. C., J. L. & W. T. Owens, H. F.
Dykes, Quinty, Fla.
.. P. Chappell, J. L. & L. N. Owens,
Quincy, Fla.
.. W C. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
1.51 \WV C. Owens, Quincy, Fla.
0.83 J. J. Cooley, Sullivan, Fla.
J. J. Cooley, Sullivan, Fla.
2.69| J. v. Rhoads, Holt, Fla.
.. P. Rhoads, Holt, Fla.
..... J. P. Rhoads, Holt, Fla.
3.39 J. P. Rhoads, Holt, Fla.
2.70 .1. P. Rhoads, Holt, Fla.


3.18
1.77

50.80


J. Griffith, Holt, Fla.
J. Griffith, Holt, Fla.
J. Griffith, Holt, Fla.

J. E. Dubuission & Bro., Pensacola,
Fla.









SPECIAL FERTILIZER ANALYSES, 1910-Continued.


IAME, OR BRAND.


Phosphoric Acid.


BY WHOM SENT.


Potash Salt No. 2............ 2189 8.70

Sulphate of Potash........... 2190 ....
Fertilizer "A" .............. 21911 6. (3
Fertilizer "B" .............. 21921 6.27
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2'.93 .. .
Fertilizer ................ 219411.3:
Dried Blood .......... ..... 2195 .
Bone M eal .................. 12196 ......
Palmetto Ashes ............. 2197 ......
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2198 ......
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2199 ......
H. W. Ashes "A" .......... 2200 ....
H. W. Ashes "B" ............. 2201 ....
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2202 5.03
Fertilizer No. 2 ............. 2203 7.00
Fertilizer No. 4 ............. 2204 10.78
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2205 ......
Cotton Seed Meal .......... 2206 ...
F ish ........................ 2207 ......


... ...1 .... . 19 .88

... ... ... .. 51.88
7.00 0.19 7.191 4.59 12.1G
7.00 0.22; 7.22 3..351 13.52'
. .. .. ...... 7 .49 ......
S.01 0.84 8.85 2.05 5.90
.... .. .. 16 .25 ......
S.251 15.49 23.741 3.03 ......
..... ...... ...... "1....... 0.51 :
..... ...... ...... 7 .20 ......
.. ... .. .. .... 7 .27 ......
. .. .. .... .. ... ..... 2 .38
.... . 4.50
7.10 0.80 7.90 4.25 12.02
7.90 0.80 8.70 4.39 12.55
9.63! 1.121 10.75! 1.66 2.19
.. 7 .40 ......
.... 1.81 7.15 19 .0 ... .
4.34 1.81 6.151 10.04 ......


J. E. Dubuission & Bro., Pensacola,
Fla.
John H. Blake, Tampa, Fla.
John H. Blake, Tampa, Fla.
.John H. Blake. Tampa, Fla.
A. L. Wilson Co, Quincy, Fla.
M:'loy HI. Ma' tin. Sanford, Fla.
A. N. i-oofnagle, Ft. Pierce, Fla.
k. N. Roofnagle, Ft. Pierce, Fla.
L. B. Thompson, Pen-acola, Fla.
B. A Pucket, Quincy. Fla.
M. H. 'Josley. Quincy, Fla.
The So,"th. F-.rtz Co., Orlando, Fla.
','e South. Ferlz Co., Orlando, Fla.
.Jhn H. Elak!e. Tampa, Fla.
John H. Bllake, Tampa. Fla.
?lilton Cash Store. AMilton. Fla.
K. W. Jonson. Lakewood, Fla.
R. B. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
R. B. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.


I








Fertilizer No. 1 ............
Fertilizer No. 2 .............
Fertilizer No. 3 ............
Fertilizer No. 4 .............
Fertilizer No 5 ............
Fertilizer No. 6 .............
Nitrate of Soda ....... .....
Fertilizer (L. & N. No. 8992).
Fertilizer (L. & N. No. 91015)
Fertilizer (L. & N. No. 95405)
Cotton Seed Meal (D. & H.
Co. 15700) .................
Cotton Seed Meal (S T. A &
S. F. No. 33959) ...... ..
Cotton Seed Meal (A. C. L.
27631) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (Penn. No.
16503) .........
Cotton Seed Meal (M. K. & T.
10517) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (B. C. R. &
N 48007) ..............
Cotton Seed Meal (Penn. No
62392) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (S. T. L. &
S. F. No. 31211) ..........
Cotton Seed Meal (A. C. L.
No. 18466) ...............
Cotton Seed Meal (70 sacks
R. I. C. No. 60144) ........
Cotton Seed Meal (12 sacks
R. I C. No. 60144) ........


2208 4.46
2209 4.30
2210 2.50
2211 2.02
2212 7.56
2213 6.08
2214 ......
2215 10.98
2216 10.41
2217 10.16
2218 ......

2219 ......

22201 .....

2221 .....

2222 ......

2223 .....

2224 ......

2225 ......

2226 ......

2227 ......

2228 .. ...


4.931 6.12 11.05
6.86 5.29 12.15
6.59 5.21 11.80
7.85 2.95 10.80
7.16 0.17 7.33
7.79 3.61 11.40

10.99 0.75 11.74
12.41 0.27 12.68
9.52 0.43 9.95
I. . . .

.... ...... ......


..... ...... ......







.. ...... .....


..... .. .. .


4.65
4.25
2.65
4.12
2.32
2.59
17.00
2.81
1.73
2.91
7.90

8.30

7.50

8.20

7.72

7.47

7.17

7.80

7.25

7.48

4.75


6.91 R. B. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
6.71 Rt. B. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
12.191 It. l. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
13.09 t. 13. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
4.711 It. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
2.89 i B. Campbell, Tampa. Fla.
..... lfieinburger, Tallahassee, Fla.
3.30l Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
3.24 Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
5.89 Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
...... Kraus, AlcFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, NMcFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

......I Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, cFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

.. Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.

..... Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
K....Iraus, icFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.









SPECIAL FERTILIZER ANALYSES. 1910-Continued.


Phosphoric Acid.



I I
NAME, OR BRAND., C




Fertilizer ................... 2229 ...... 11. 1.27 12.7
Fertilizer No. 1 ........... 2230 ...... 11.84 0.59 12.4
Fertilizer No. 2 ............. 2231 ...... 4.22 3.89 8.1
Fertilizer No. 3 ............. 2232 ...... S.09; 0.75 8.8
Fertilizer No. 4 ............. 2233 9.24 0.31 9.5
Cotton Seed M eal ........... 2234 ...... .... ........
Fertilizer ................... 2235 .. 2. 8 10.8
Basic Slag (A. C. L. o. 2236.. 5.511 8.31 14.1
31479) .............. ..
Fertilizer (C. R. I. & P. No. 2237 15.1 11.05 0.85 11.9
5694V ) ....................
Fertilizer (N. Y. C. & H. R. 2238 15.44 10.53! 1.17 11.7
98750) .....................
Peruvian Guano (P. & R. No. 2239 ...... 7.89 7.92 15.8
3187) ....... ............
Cotton Seed Meal (I. C. 2240 ...... ..... .....
17929) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (P. R. R. 2241 ... .. . .
99856) .. .. ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (G. S. & F. 2242 .. ......
2353) ..................... I I


0o
3
.1
.4
'5

0
4

0

0

1


2.40
1.99
3.26
2.69

7.98
4.49


2.60

2.27

6.78

7.27

7.50

7.55


BY WHOM ShNT.


2.47, J. White, Graceville, Fla.
2.95 T. N. Darsey, Concord, Fla.
9.93 T. N. Darsey, Concord, Fla.
6.17 T. N. Darsey, Concord, Fla.
5.89 T. N. Darsey, Concord, Fla.
...... N. Darsey, Concord, Fla.
4.18 L. Beven, Cresceni City. Fla.
...... Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

2.81 Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

3.57' Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

2.37 Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

...... Am. Fumatra Tob. Co., Quiney, Fla.

...... Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.







Cotton Seed Meal (Sou. 2243 ......
138 082) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (M. C. 2244 ......
95810) .............. ..
Cotton Seed Meal (Cen of 2245 ....
Ga. 1682) ...............
Cotton Seed Meal (A. G. S. 2246 ......
12391 ) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (G. F & A. 2247 ......
592 ) ......................
Cotton Seed Meal (I. C. 2248 ....
21756) ..................
Cotton Seed Meal (C. H. & D. 2249 ......
Ry. 46572) .............. .
Cotton Seed Meal (N. & W. 2250 ......
22010) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (Wabash 2251 ......
62803) ...................
Cotton Seed Meal (N. Y., N. 2252 ......
H. & H. No 77734) ........
Cotton Seed Meal (Erie 2253 ...
73482) .................
Cotton Seed Meal (Penn. 2254 .....
581624) ..................
Fertilizer (N. Y., N. H. & H. 2255J13.2 ,
82476) ..........
Fertilizer (M. & 0. 8407) .... 2256 14.-
Fertilizer (Penn. 12049).... 2257 11.S7
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2258 ......
Fertilizer .................. 2259 .... .
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 22601 ...... .
Fertilizer ................... 2261 6.C4


. . 1 . . 1. 7 3 8 . .
7 I 7.38

..... ...... .. 7 65 ... ...
...... ...... .. 7 .95 ....


.. .. . . . .

. 7 . .
7.40 ..... 2





7. 58 ......
.. ... .. 7 .0 81 .. .

S [......



.. .. 7. 7 0 .



10.6 8 1.21 11.89I 2.45' 2.20
9.99 0.96 10.95 2.8 5.29
..... ... ..... 7.89 .....
12.831 0.84 13.67 2.40! 3.01
..... ..... ..... 8 .04! .
5.58 4..0 9.881 2.221 11.24'


Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Ami. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Ami. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.

Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.
Am. Sumatra Tob. Co., Quincy, Fla.
Ide & Burr, Quincy, Fla.
G. S. Gregory, Quincy, Fla.
G. S. Gregory, Quincy, Fla.
J. F. Lemons, Galloway, Fla.










SPECIAL FERTILIZER ANALYSES, 1910-Continued.


NAME OR BRAND


S" a




Fertilizer ................... 2262 12.00
Acid Phosphate ............. 2263 ......
Fertilizer ................... 2264 10.99
Fertilizer ................... 2265 8.01
Fertilizer ................. 2266 0.75
F ish ........................ 2267 ......
"Ashes" No. 204 (?) ........ 2268 ....
Fertilizer No. 205 ........... 2269 9.43
Fertilizer ................... 2270 ......
Fertilizer ................... 2271 ......
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2272 ......
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2273 12.46
Fertilizer No.2 (L. & N.91015) 2274 8.92
Fertilizer ................... 2275 ......
Fertilizer ................... 2276 4.90
Muriate of Potash .......... 2277 .....
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2278 10.40
Fertilizer No. 2 ............. 2279 10.39
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2280 10.45
Fertilizer No. 2 ............. 2281 8.82
Fertilizer No. 1 ............. 2282 ......


Phosphoric Acid.


Ehi
t_


9.19
18.55
12.01
12.02
7.21
4.72

6.49
10.94
6.13

10.73
12.04
14.68
6.97

9.04
8.63
9.94
9.51
15.50


0c
,0
o g


0.65 9.84
4.68 23.23
0.39 12.40
0.88 12.90
0.52 7.73
16.95 21.67

0.37 6.86
0.57 11.51
2.19 8.32

0.41 11.14
0.26 12.30
0.07 14.75
0.96 7.93

0.81 9.85
0.90 9.53
0.52 9.93
1.16 10.67
1.02 16.52


1.91

1.23
3.71
2.30
5.08

2.49
2.50
4.50
7.61
2.97
1.61
2.69
4.46

1.93
2.23
4.65
2.83
1.13


BY WHOM SENT.





D. S. Franklin, Cobb, Fla.
D. S. Franklin, Cobb., Fla.
E. M. Pitts, Red Rock, Fla.
G. C. Johnson, Cobb, Fla.
W. W. Boyett, Otahite, Fla.
W. H. Hansen, Jensen, Fla.
The South. Fertz. Co., Orlando, Fla.
The South. Fertz. Co., Orlando, Fla.
H. L. Green, Bascom, Fla
N. A. Carlson, Hollandale, Fla.
L. Heimburger, Tallahassee, Fla.
Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
Kraus, McFarlin Co., Quincy, Fla.
A. F. Moore, Hester, Fla.
J. H. Blake, Tampa, Fla.
A. E. Taylor, Wilmarth, Fla.
J. W. Kelley, Otahite, Fla.
J. W. Kelley, Otahite, Fla.
J. R. Miller, Cobb, Fla.
J. R. Miller, Cobb, Fla.
A. D. Campbell, Chipley, Fla.


2.33

1.43[
2.00|
3.05,

19.901
7.141
2.071
7.171
. .. 1
3.351
2.95
1.201
12.251
51.361
2.38;
2.291
4.271
6.03
0.83]








Fertilizer ................... 2283 ......
Cotton Seed Meal ........... 2284 ......
SCotton Seed Meal No. 3...... 2285 ......
E. Muriate of Potash No. 1...... 22S6 ......
Acid Phosphate No. 2........ 2287 ......
Fertiizer ...... .......... 2288 .....
Fertilizer ............. ...... 2289 12.64
Fertilizer ................... 2290 8.34
Fertilizer ................... 2291 ......
Fertilizer .................. 2292 11.02
Fertilizer .................. 2293 ......
Fertilizer :.................. 2-94 .....
Fertilizer "W. N. B. No. 1".. 2295 .....
Fertilizer ................... 2296 8. S8
Fertilizer ................... 2297 10.47
Fertilizer ................... 2298 4. ,7
Fertilizer ................... 2299 10.S3
Fertilizer ................... 2300 5.53
Fertilizer .................. 2301 13.97
Fertilizer (Home Mixt.) .... 2302 ......


Guano NO. I .... ............. z2 U
Guano No. 2 ................ 2304
Fertilizer ................... 2305
Fertilizer ................... 2306
Fertilizer .................. .2307


4u.U30
19.57
4.7,
15.44
4.57


2.801 9.531 12.33


. .


16.16
10.02
11.76
10.14
3.56
9.93
11.75
7.01
8.55
13.87
2.11
8.53
10.13
7.29
9.82
8.06
3.35
8.32
7.37
9.49
2.021


1.59
0.54
1.54
2.61
10.72
2.61
0.17
1.01
2.42
2.58|
0.82,
1.00
0.91
0.31
0.17
0.09
5.90
0.12
0.44
0.54
6.991


17.75
10.56
13.30
12.75
14.28
12.54
11.92
8.09
10.97
16.45
2.93
9.53
11.04
7.60
9.99
8.15
9.25
8.44
7.811
10.03
9.01O


2.331 14.761


7.65
7.50


4.99
2.44
1.80
3.62
1.91
2.83
3.79
2.23
3.02
9.50
5.53
4.10
4.78
2.82
1.94
2.11
3.13
3.49
3.58
3.99


49.45

4.67
2.10
1.38
6.09
2.171
1.71
6.711
1.94
2.46
0.99,
13.16
2.38
9.48
1.651
9.861
1.68
0.121
10.221
1.451
10.511


Frank Barthets, Gotha, Fla.
Jake Brown, Ocala, Fla
D. D. Martin, Otahite, Fla.
D. D. Martin, Otahite, Fla.
D. D. Martin, Otahite, Fla.
M. C. Herndon, Bristol, Fla.
J. S. Keith, Black, Ala.
H. A. Jones, Milton, Fla.
J. W. Walston, Bowling Green, Fla.
W. B. H. Adams, Milton, Fla.
Gco. W. Moore, Sr., Hester, Fla.
M. H. Tanner, Plant City, Fla.
A. L. Wilson Co., Quincy, Fla.
G. C. Johnson, Hester, Fla.
J. G. May, Ft. Pierce, Fla.
H. A. Ward, Winter Park, Fla.
W. P. Johnson, Cobb, Fla.
K. M. Stokes, Evans, Fla.
George W. Moore, Hester, Fla.
H. A. Jones, Milton, Fla.
W. R. Alexander, Marco, Fla.
W. R. Alexander, Marco, Fla.
A. S. Nelson, Dunedin, Fla.
J. S. Howell, Chumuckla, Fla.
V. I. Carrier, Crescent City, Fla.









DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY.

FEEDING STUFF SECTION.
R. E. RosiE. State Chemist. SPECIAL FEEDING STUFF ANALYSES, 1910. E. PECK GREENE, Asst. Chemist.
Samples Taken by Purchaser Under Section 9, Act Approved May 24th, 1905.


NAME, OR BRAND.


d.
cj

a=


Bran ............................... 131 9.70 15.80 54.61
Velvet Beans ....................... 132 7.38 19.04 55.07'
Perfection Feed ..................... 133 10.05 12.64 61.5S8
Corn "3-D." Grains .................. 134 10.95 31.59 39.141
Schumacher Special Horse Feed...... 135 8.60 9.65 64.701
Economy Feed ...................... 136 10.83 10.31 62.241
W heat Middlings ................... 137 7.14 18.2151. 0


BY WHOM SENT.



3.45 6.67 I. Wolff, Pensacola, Fla.
3.23 3.39 C. A. Williams, Alachua, Fla.
3.C4 2.37 R. F. Howard, Tallahassee, Fla.
?.GS 1.S5 .Tohn C. Evans, Gainesville, Fla.
3.271 2.751William F. Jack, Tampa, Fla.
3.29 1.9711R. F. Howard, Tallahassee, Fla.
5.95 5.30IC. E. Pleas, Chipley, Fla.







DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY.

FEEDING STUFF SECTION.
R. E. RosE, State Chemist OFFICIAL FEEDING STUFF ANALYSES, 1910. E. PECK GREENE, Asst. Chemist.
Samples Taken by State Chemist and State Inspector Unt!r(, Sei tions 1, 2 and 13, Act Approved May 24th, 1905.



SAADDRESS OF
NAME, OR BRAND. S MANUFACTURERS
MANUFACTURERS.
P I W r


Boss Chop Feed ......... 04,; (Gua'ant'd Analysis 11.001
S Ofliial Analysis. .. 8.151
I I
Corno Horse and Mule Feed 949 GCarant'd Analysis 12.00
Official Analysis.. 12.50
Pure Wheat Bran ........ 950 Guarant'd Anlysi 10.00
I Official Anl -:s. .. 7.791
Barley Mixed Oats ........ 951 Guaranr'd Analysis' 11.00
Official Analysis... 9.70


Official Analysis... 13.22
Blood Meal ............. 953 Guarani'd Analysis 1.501
S Official Analysis... i 2.601


S.5,) 00. 0 3.50 ...... The Great Western Cereal Co.,
.7S 614.75 4.65 3.53 Chicago, Ill.

10.00[ 58.50 3.50 ......IThe Corno Mills Co. St. Louis,
10.U09 56.84 3.77 3.85 Mo.

14.00J 53.501 4.25 ...... Nelson Grain 'Co., Kansas City,
16.OGI 50.C51 4.03! 6.47 Mo.

9.00 40.001 3.00 ...... F. Miller & Sons, Philade-
S.781 61.471 3.601 4.301 phia, Pa.

8.50 60.001 3.50.... The Great Western Cereal Co.
8.561 60.82 4.00! 3.72 Chicago, Ill.

80. 00. ...... .... ..... The Armour Fertilizer Works,
83.20 1.70 ...... 2.871 Jacksonville, Fla.









OFFICIAL FEEDING STUFF ANALYSES, 1910-Continued.


NAME OR BRAND. i. ADDRESS OF
.02 o S S MANUFACTURERS.
id B C a

I T I
"Purity" Bran .................. 954 Guarant'd Analysis...... .40 54.001 4.00 ...... Cairo Milling Co., Cairo, Ill.
OfficialAnalysis... 7.63 15.94 54.29 4.75 5.82
Poultry Feed ............. 955 Guarant'd Analysis 4.00 11.00U 65.00 3.60 ...... Ralston Purina Co., St. Louis,
Official Analysis... 4.49 l.1 66.291 3.9bs 1.. mi.
Cotton Seed Meal ........ 95 Guarant'd Analysis.. ..... 38.G2 ...... .. ........ Georgia Cotton Oil Co., Macon
Official Analysis... 10.76 37.S2 30.00| 7.97 5.801 Ga. .
Corno Horse and Mule Feed 957 Guarant'd Analysis 12.'00 li.00 58.50 3.50 ...... The Corno Mills Co., St. Louis,
OfficialAnalysis... 12.08 10.57 57.36 4.30 4.04 Mo.
Choice Bran ............. 958 Guarant'd Analysis 9.50 11.95 53.29 5.35 ...... Hecker-Jones-Jewell Milling
Official Analysis... 9.43 15.93 52.431 4.58 5.85 Co., New York, N. Y.
Pure Wheat Bran and 959 Guarant'd Analysis 7.65i 11.75 54.50 4.50 4.75 Barrett, Denton & Lynn Co.,
Shorts ................. Official Analysis... 7.76 11.47 52.34 4.47 5.49 Dalton, Ga.

Corno Ox Feed ........... 960 Guarant'd Analysis 14.00 10.001 58.00 3.5 ...... The Corno Mills Co., St. Louis,
Official Analysis... 16.47 S.78 56.54 3.55 3.88 Mo.
Pure Wheat Bran ........ 961 Guarant'd Analysis 9.50 14.50 50.001 4.00i......Alabama Corn Mills Co., Mo-
Official Analysis... 9.161 15.401 52.65 4.64( 6.201 bile, Ala.








Sea Island Cotton Seed
M eal ..................

Cotton Seed Meal ........


Choice Bran ..............


Wheat Shorts ............


H. Middlings .............


Hammond Dairy Feed ....


Mill Feed ...............


Boss Chop Feed ..........


Ballard's Shipstuff .......


Dried Molasses Beet Pulp. .


Pure Wheat Middlings ....


962 Guarant'd Analysis ......]
Official Analysis... 18.651

963 Guarant'd Analysis......
Official Analysis... 10.95

964 Guarant'd Analysis 9.50
Official Analysis... 8.69

965 Guarant'd Analysis 7.50:
Official Analysis... 5.07

966 Guarant'd Analysis 8.05
Official Analysis... S.S82

967 Guarant'd Analysis' 11.00
Official Analysis... 1 12.13

968 Guarant'd Analysis 4.431
Official Analysis... S.50j

969 Guarant'd Analysis 11.001
,Official Analysis... 10.001

970 Guarant'd Analysis 5.83f
Official Analysis... 5.051

971 Guarant'd Analysis 20.00i
Official Analysis... 19.37

972 Guarant'd Analysis 6.00C
Official Analysis... 5.58S


24.20 ..... .. .. ..... .. Sea Island Cotton Oil Co.,
22.29 40.791 4.55 1.62 Charleston, S. C.

3 ..... .... ...... The Southern Cotton Oil Co.,
32.2C 327.41 9.f4 5.60 Savannah, Ga.

14.9515 53.251 5.35 ...... Hecker- Jones Jewell Milling
1.-71 53.87 4.01 5.9S Co., New York, N. Y.

13.75: C2.00 4.351 ...... Dahnke-Walker Milling Co.,
14.52 01.02 4.81: 3.35 Union City, Tenn.

17.38 52.92 6.051 ...... Hecker Jones Jewell Milling
18.04 51.59 5.82 5.021 Co., New York, N. Y.

17.00' 50.00 3.00 ...... Western Grain Products Co.,
17.7, 48.12 4.50 C.34 Hammond, Ind. u<
II
12.38 5.i39 4.32 ...... Riverside Milling and Power
12.9;0 59..08 3.45 5.1001 Co., Cartersville, Ga.

8.00n1 0.001 3.50 ...... The Great Western Cereal Co.,
8.211 i1.041 4.56 3.771 Chicago, Ill.

17.37 46.58 4.41 ...... Ballard & Ballard Co., Louis-
1G.23 59. G3 3.70 4.10 ville, Ky.

8.00 O.00 0.50 ...... The Larrowe Milling Co., De-
9.071 58.681 0.30 2.609 troit, Mich.

16.041 62.48 4.171...... The Dunlop Milling Co.,
16.091 63.98 4.301 4.151 Clarksville, Tenn.


__









OFFICIAL FEEDING STUFF ANALYSES, 1910-
i- =

NAME, OR BRAND. g S



Choice Bran ............. 973 Guaran'd Analysis 9.50 14.95 53.25 5.3
Otficial Analy-is... 10.32j 16.56 50.52 4.7
Excelsior Chop Feed ..... 974 C-arant'd Analysisi 11.00 S.00 GO.00 3.5
Official Analysis... 10.72 8.12 60.93 3.0
Tnoroughbred Feed ...... 975 Guarant'dAnalysis 6.56 15.05 59.98 3.3
Official Analysis... 6.13 1;.54 57.73 3.3
Durharm Brand Cotton 97C Guarant'd Analysis ...... 25.75 ...........
Seed Meal ............. Official Analysis..." 17.56 25.71 36.85 5.5

Purina Feed ............. 977 Guarant'd Analysisi 8.90 12.50 58.00 4.0
OfficialAnalysis... 9.75 11.41 58.88 4.1
Bran and Shorts ......... 978Guarant'd Analysisj 8.00 14.50' 58.62 4.0
OfficialAnalysis...1 6.13 1G.72 57.58 4.1
Pure Winter Wheat Mid- 979 Guarant'd Analysis! 4.20 16.00 56.00 4.2
dlings ................. Official Analysis... 5.05; 1 .67 58.47 4.8

Daisy Dairy Feed ........ I 98soGuarant'dAnalysi 12.00 15.00 50.00 3.0
i OfficialAnalysis... 12.80! 15.57 49.62 2.5


-Continued.


ADDRESS OF
MANUFACTURERS.


Ci


... IHecker Jones Jewell Milling
5.89 Co., New York, N. Y.

...... The Great Western Cereal Co.,
3.10 Chicago, Ill.

...... Lexington Roller Mills Co.,
5.45 Lexington, Ky.

...... Florida Cotton Oil Co., Jackson-
4.55 ville, Fla.

...... Ralston Purina Co., St. Louis,
3.30 Mo.

..... Atlanta Milling Co., Atlanta,
4.80 Ga.

...... Edwardsville Milling Co., Ed-
4.09 wardsville, Ill.

...... The Great Western Cereal Co.,
6.92 Chicago, Ill.








Middlings ............... 981 Guarant'd Analysis 3.85
Official Analysis... 4.90

Pure Wheat Shorts ....... 982 Guarant'd Analysis 6.42
Official Analysis... 4.46

Wheat Middlings ......... 983 Guarant'd Analysis 2.65
] Official Analysis... 1.65

Pure Wheat Bran ........ 984 Guarant'd Analysis 11.04
Official Analysis... 11.08

Globe Gluten Feed ....... 985 Guarant'd Analysis ......
Official Analysis... 8.71

Protena Dairy Feed ...... 986 Guarant'd Analysis 16.00
Official Analysis... 16.151

Wheat Bran ............. 987 Guarant'd Analysis 8.45|
Official Analysis... 7.931

Dark Cotton Seed Meal... 988 Guarant'd Analysis ......
Official Analysis... 16.981


16.121 57.38 6.05 .....
16.67 59.27 4.05 4.01

16.00 48.o00 4.00 .....
19.02 55.98 3.57 3.88

15.27 64.18 3.38 ......
14.92 68.25 2.25 2.12

14.97 52.03 3.50 6.72
14.92 53.10 3.24 6.96

24.00 51.00 2.50 ......
25.52 52.23 2.41 1.99

20.00 48.00 3.50 ......
19.04 45.11 4.63 5.32

14.50 54.16 3.75 ......
17.11 54.47 3.35 6.20

23.17 ..... .. .. ....
23.341 38.08 6.521 5.56


Charleston Milling Co., Charles-
ton, Mo.

Alabama Corn Mills Co., Mo-
bile, Ala.

Cairo Milling Co., Cairo, Ill.


Millstadt Milling Co., Mill-
stadt, Ill.

Corn Products Refining Co.,
INew York.

Ralston Purina Co., St. Louis, o
Mo.

Texas Star Flour Mills, Gal-
veston, Texas.

The Southern Cotton Oil Co.,
Charleston, S. C.










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY.

FOOD AND DRUG SECTION.
P.. E. ROSE, State Chemist SPECIAL FOOD ANALYSES, 1910. A. M. HENRY, Asst. Chemist.
Samples Taken by Purchaser Under Section 10, Act Approved June 7, 1909.
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS.


S NAME, OR BRAND. MANUFACTURER.
0=


3161White Top ....................The Capitol Brewing and Ice
Co., Montgomory, Ala.
3171Duehart's Malt Tonic .......... Dukehart Manufacturing Co.,
r Baltimore, M.d.
3182 Cider. .......................... ............... ..... .......

320 Beer .

321White Top ...................... The Capitol Brewing and Ice
Co Montgomery, Ala.
3221White Top .................... The Capitol Brewing and Ice
Co., Montgomery, Ala.
323IB eer ............ ... ........... ...... ......... ..........

3241White Top ..................... The Capitol Brewing and Ice
Co., Montgomery, Ala.


FROM


4.87'C. F. Prevatt, Kissimmee, Sheriff of o
I Osceola County.
...... 'W. E. Dennard, Lake City, Sheriff of
SColumbia County.
5.87iE. D. Webster, DeFuniak Springs,
Deputy Sheriff of Walton County.
2.77 R. T. Butler. Kissimmee.

5.02 R. T. Butler, Kissimmee.

3.03 C. F. Prevatt, Kissimmee, Sheriff of
Osceola County.
2.33 C. F. Prevatt, Kissimmee, Sheriff of
Osceola County
4.86 C F. Prevatt, Kissimmee, Sheriff of
S Osceola County.


h
0


------ -- -- --







326 Tempero, less than 2 per cent. Standard Brewing Co., New
Alcohol. Orleans, La.
327 Cider .......................... ......... .............. ....

328 White Top, less than 2 per cent. The Capitol Brewing and Ice
Alcohol. Co., Montgomery, Ala.
329 Georgia Hom e Beer ............ ...... ......... ..........

330 Florida Bud, less than 2 per cent. The Florida Brewing Co.,
Alcohol. Tampa, Fla.


0.95 R. T. Butler, Kissimmee.

5.09 Lee Hux, Eustis, Marshal.

3.03 W. S. Preston, Bartow, County Judge
of Polk County.
3.421M H. Waters, Gainesville.

2.02 V. S. Preston, Bartow, County Judge
of Polk County.









SPECIAL FOOD ANALYSES, 1910.
MISCELLANEOUS.


RESULTS OF EXAMINATION.


311 Sweet Potato Flour ............. .Water (per cent.) ...........
Crude Fiber (per cent.) ......
lAsh (per cent.) .............
Protein (per cent.) ..........
Fat (per cent.) .............
Starch (per cent.) ..........
Undetermined (per cent.)...


312 Cassava Flour ................







314 M ilk ................. .......


W ater (per cent.) ..........
Crude Fiber (per cent.) ......
_Ash (per cent.) .............
Protelu (per cent.) ..........
Fat (per cent.) ..............
Starch (per cent.) ..........
Undetermined (per cent.) ....

Total bc!lds (per cent.) ......
Fat net cent.) ....... .....
Solids Not Fat (per cent.)...


FROM.


8.23 A. F. Spawn, Fernandina.
1.921
1.991
1.75
0.57
58.20
27.34

8.50 A. F. Spawn, Fernandina.
1.60
1.30
1.631
0.46
69.33
17.18

4.85 iH. W. Smith, Punta Gorda.
3 .85
3.85


No.I


NAME, OR BRAND.






,19 Detroit Special Table Salt ....... Water (per cent.)............. 0.11 ,. M. Puddy & Co., Palatka.
Chlorids, as Sodium Chlorid 97.32
(per cent.) I
Bicarbonates, as Sodium Bi- 2.693
carbonate (per cent.)

325 Milk ........................... Fat (per cent.) ............... 2.60 Dr. J. E. Pennington, W ellborn.

331 Sugar ........................... Ash (per cent.) ............... 0.0055 13. .. Boodleson, Laurel Hill.
Fuller's Earth ............... Absent.




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