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LIRI,\ QNI.R1ITERLY RULL"I IN
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Department of Agriculture
W. A. McRae, Commissioner.
Miss Mary Davis, Stenographer
AGRICULTURE AND IMMIGRA-
T. J. Brooks, Chief Clerk.
Russell T. Mickler. Clerk.
Mrs. Lizzie Lee Leman, Stenog-
PURE FOOD AND DRUGS,
STOCK FEED, FERTILIZER
AND CITRUS FRUIT DI-
J. H. Pledger, Clerk.
J. Frank Smith, Inspector.
A. M. Lewis, Inspector.
Ellis Woodworth, Inspector.
Citrus Fruit Inspectors:
C. E. Johnston.
W. R. Griffin.
J. M. Keen.
S. B. Moon.
C. B. Gwynn, Clerk.
J. W. Williams, Land Clerk.
Mrs. Laura B. Hopkins. Stenog-
FIELD NOTE DIVISION
O. M. Jacoble, Clerk.
Miss Bessie Damon, Stenogra-
T. E. Andrews, Clerk.
SELL FISH COMMISSION DI-
T. R. Hodges, Commissioner.
S. C. DeGarmo, Clerk.
R. E. Rose, State Chemist.
A. M. Henry, Assistant Chemist.
Gordon Hart, Assistant Chemist.
B. J. Owen, Assistant Chemist.
Miss Muriel Rose, Stenographer.
E. T. Casler, Chemist.
C. E. Shackleford, Clerk.
Walter McLin, Inspector.
E. M. Johns, Inspector.
G. T. Spears, Inspector.
STATE MARKET BUREAU DI-
L. M. Rhodes, Commissioner.
Moses Folsom, Secretary.
Nelll Rhodes, Market Agent.
Robert Folsom, Market Agent.
J. D. Frost, Clerk.
Mrs. J. D. Frost, Stenographer.
In this bulletin we have not attempted to exploit the
agricultural, mineral, manufacturing or commercial re-
sources of Florida.
It has been our purpose herein to present some of the
attractions which Florida has to offer the TOURIST.
It is not always possible to distinguish between the
tourist and the prospective citizen; oftimes the casual
visitor becomes an investor and a permanent resident.
We prefer that people come and see before deciding
whether they prefer to play with us for a season or stay
with us for aye.
We are indebted to the commercial secretaries for
much of the material herewith presented concerning the
various counties. Some counties doubtless should have
had more ample treatment, but failure to secure the local
data is our explanation.
W1. A. McRAE,
COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.
At the beginning of the Christian era all roads of the
civilized world led to Rome.
Today, in America, all tourists' roads lead to Florida.
"I too must see Florida," is in the mind of millions who
live in other states and in foreign countries.
Annually the trend of travel is toward Florida. Each
autumn the seasonal visitors pour over the borders of
the state like an invading army. By rail, by car and by
water they come from all the walks of life, from every
state, from Canada, and from foreign lands. They come
to live with us for a season as participants of the salu-
brious bounties of our peninsular empire.
It is estimated that more than a million people from
other states, Canada, Europe, and other countries visit
Florida each year. Climate is the prime attraction, but
the development of the State attracts many who become
permanent residents. Wonderful cities and ocean and
gulf beach resorts have been built and developed to such
an extent, and inland resorts have been developed on
such an elaborate scale, that today Florida offers the
most attractive accommodations for winter sojourners of
any state in the Union.
Florida has all types of hotels, from the most palatial,
elaborately furnished, with giant domes looming against
the cloud-decked blue in barbaric splendor, to the sim-
plest hostelry. There are winter homes from magnificent
villas to humble bungalows. Lack of accommodations to
meet the influx of visitors has led many to own or rent
winter homes. Many tourists' parks have been provided
for those who prefer outdoor life to hotel accommoda-
tions. The State is penetrated by the great trunk auto-
mobil6 roads, or has connection with them: The Dixie
Highway from Chicago, the Miami-Quebec Highway along
the East Coast, and the old Spanish Trail along the Gulf
to Texas, connecting with the Jackson Highway, Santa
Fe Trail and the Apache Trail to the Pacific.
When the North is wrapt in snow and ice, the ground
frozen rough and jagged, the howling winds sweep across
the plains and pour through the crevices of the house
with a shivering moan, when stock must be housed and
fed to keep them from freezing, and clothes of
oppressive weight must be worn to keep warm, it
is pleasant to dwell where summer-weight clothes suffice
and the tepid sea waves invite to pleasant ablution. When
food in the North must be bacon, dried and canned fruits
and vegetables, it is pleasant to have fresh vegetables
from the garden every day if desired and fruit from the
tree. When in the North trees are bare and vegetation
has left no trace behind of its presence or intention of
return, it is pleasant to recline in a hammock beneath
liev oak, palm and pine draped as a bride on nuptial day,
and drink in the beauties of tropical verdure, while fan-
ned by balmy breezes from the bosom of the Gulf Stream.
If sporting blood is in your veins, that too can find
play. Hunting, camping, fishing, boating, swimming,
gaming, airplaning are at your command. Hundreds of
thousands of acres of untamed jungle are here for the
huntsman. Both coasts of the State are so constituted
that they form one continuous harbor for small draft
boats; narrow inland keys following the contour of the
mainland at varying distances and form placid waters
that are not affected by the roll of the Atlantic or the
Gulf. The Indian and Halifax Rivers, so-called, are but
inner bays of salt water which comes from the ocean
through passes or inlets between these islands or keys.
These passes are always good fishing grounds and are
never depleted, having the waters of the world to draw
from with their teeming quantities of food and game fish.
Broad in her reaches and laved by two seas, her shores
of marvelous sweep are fanned by gentle trade winds,
which, sighing through majestic palms, croon a ceaseless
obligato; and beaches white and clean stretch against
the background of emerald, sloping down to the waves of
the ever restless seas. The wide-winged heron glides
gracefully against the azure vault and the sea gull bal-
ances familiarly around the wharves. The gorgeous
magnolia stands stately and serene, holding forth snow-
white torches of flowering beauty and the flaming poin-
settia flashes its crimson petals, kissed by sunbeams that
caress its pendant folds.
Lapt in the climatic luxury of the semi-tropical zone,
clothed in the verdure which springs from soil embraced
by passionate sunbeams and bathed by copious showers;
tended by a people rich in the virtues of industry, thrift
and sobriety; with a dozen ports filled with ships laden
with products of every clime; dowered with incomparable
forests; the earth stored with valuable deposits of phos-
phates, kaolin and clays; fringed with moss-covered trees
are dimpled lakes, in which the finny tribe play with end-
less dive and swirl; dowered with an ample supply of
good water; flecked with magnificent horticultural
groves; plains grazed by stately herds; gemmed with be-
witching gardens; dotted with flourishing cities-Florida
welcomes all good people, whether to abide for a season
or for all time.
LEADING TOURISTS' RESORTS
Geographically, the main tourists' resorts, are divided
into (a) the East Coast, (b) the Inter-lake Regions, (c)
the West Coast Centers, along indentations of the Gulf.
Bordering the Atlan ic is a chain of world-famous re-
sorts: Beginning with Fernandina, the shipping port of
phosphate, and with a shrimp industry of more than
$1,000,000 annually, thence to Jacksonville, the gateway
of the State from the North, we go to historic old St. Au-
gustine, with hotels and churches, rivaling the populous
resorts of the Old World. Ormond of golf fame and win-
ter home of the richest man in the world; Daytona, with
its magnificent beach; Palm Beach, glittering with wealth
and fashion; Miami, the dream city of magic and para-
dise of yachtsmen; Long Key Camp, rendezvous of fisher-
men, the over-sea viaduct to Key West, looking out to-
wards the West Indies.
On the lakes and rivers of the interior, surrounded by
tropical verdure, citrus groves and pleasure parks, we
have the upland attractions for the sojourner. Beautiful
Orlando, Palatka, Sanford, Ocala, with one of the most
wonderful springs in the world; Lakeland, wreathed by
clear lakes, fringed will groves; east and south from
thence is a region flecked with dimples rivaling Mohaco's
enchanting landscape, coaxing hunters for heart's-ease
away from blizzards and frosts of Northern climes.
Gainesville, the University City; Brooksville, the city
among the hills; Lake City, Live Oak, Tallahassee, the
"Hill City" of Florida, the capital of the State and the
home of the Florida State College for Women; Quincy,
the "tobacco city;" historic Marianna, situated in one of
the best agricultural sections of the South; DeFuniak
Springs of Chautauqua fame; Milton, and many other
splendid and progressive cities and towns.
On the West Coast there are: Fort Myers, so attrac-
tive that it was chosen by the electrical wizard, Thomas
A. Edison, as his winter resort; Burroughs Adding Ma-
chine Manufacturer, and Velie Automobile Ma~nufacturer;
St. Petersburg, the "sunshine city of the Pinellas Penin-
sula," bathed in the waters of the Gulf; Tampa, city of
aristocratic hotels, beautiful parks and driveways;
Bradentown, Sarasota, Cedar Key, Apalachicola, famed
for oysters, shrimp and fish; beautiful St. Andrews, and
Pensacola, one of the oldest cities in the United States
and the best harbor south of Newport News, exporting
lumber, cotton, coal and iron, to the value of -many mil-
lions of dollars.
Many tourists' resorts have provided parks and sanitary
TESTIMONY OF THE WEATHER BUREAU
Times-Union, July 30, 1921.
For a week or ten days, Florida has been one of the
coolest States in the Union, and the fact has attracted a
considerable amount of attention in this State-what a
pity the attention attracted had not been out of the State.
But one week does not count for much when we have ac-
cess to the records, of the weather bureau since it is taken
in summer. In the statistical abstract of the United
States for 1919, page four, is published the highest range
of the thermometer ever known in sixty-nine stations.
The showing is interesting and beginning with the places
that have known the least maximum of heat and ending
with those showing the greatest it is as follows:
Eastport, Maine, 93.
Buffalo, N. Y., 95.
Miami and Seattle, 96.
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., and Santa Fe, New Mexico, 97.
Galveston, Tex., Duluth, Minn., and Lauder, Wyo.., 99.
Oswego, N. Y., Atlanta, Knoxville, Tenn., Cleveland and
Port Huron, Mich., 100.
Green Bay, Wis., and San Francisco, 101.
Northfield, Vt., New York City, Charlotte, N. C., New
Orleans and Salt Lake City, 102.
Wilmington, N. C., Chicago and Helena, Mont., 103.
Boston, Albany, N. Y., Harrisburg, Pa., Jacksonville,
St. Paul, Winnemucca, Nev., and Port Huron, Mich., 104.
Lynchburg, Va., and Denver, 105.
Washington City, Parkersburg, W. Va., Amarillo, Tex..,
Little Rock, Ark., Springfield, Mo., Indianapolis, Du-
buque, Iowa, and Rapid City, S. D., 106.
Montgomery, Louisville, St. Louis, Springfield, Ill., Bis-
marck, N. D., Williston, N. D., and North Platte, Neb.,
Palestine, Tex., San Antonio, Kansas City, Oklahoma
City, Huron, S. D., Dode City, Kan., and Havre, Mont.,
Los Angeles, 109.
Shreveport, La., Abilene, Tex., Omaha, Neb., and Spo-
kane, Wash., 110.
Boise, Idaho, 111.
Walla Walla, Wash., and El Paso, Tex., 113.
Fresno and Red Bluff, California, 115.
Phoenix, Arizona, 119.
There are only three cities mentioned on this page of
of the statistical abstract of the United States that have
not known hotter weather than Miami, and one of these
has known weather equally hot. Only six cities in this
list have not known hotter weather than Tampa, and one
of these is a Florida city. There are only ten cities in
this list in which mercury has not been known to reach
100, and two of these are in Florida. There are more
than fifty cities in it which have known temperatures of
100 or more, and Jacksonville is the only one of these in
Florida. Florida is the only State in the Union for
which more than one station is reported in which the
average of the maximum is below 100.
It is folly to deny that the warm weather lasts longer
in Florida than in States of the North, for it does. But
it is true, and everybody should know it, that the heat
is mitigated in this State by cooling breezes-more than
in any other State. The truth should also be known that
the extremes are never reached here that are reached else-
In midsummer the sun rises an hour earlier in Chicago
than in Jacksonville and sets an hour later. This means
that in Chicago and Boston the earth is heating in sum-
mer two hours longer than in Jacksonville, and is cool-
ing two hours less. On the parallel of Boston and Chi-
cago the sun is heating the earth sixteen hours a day and
the night is cooling the earth only eight hours. That is
to say, the heating is longer than the cooling in Bos-
ton or Chicago by eight hours. In Jacksonville the sun
is heating the earth only fourteen hours and the earth
is cooling ten, leaving an excess of the heating process of
only four hours as compared with eight in Boston or of
Chicago. This may account for the comparative coolness
of the South.
FLORIDA AS A SUMMER RESORT
By MOSES FOLSOM
Secretary of the State Marketing Bureau.
A warning has been given out by American Medicine,
a medical publication of authority, as to conditions in
Europe, which must for a long time stand in the way of
tourist gratifying their desire to see the wrecks of war,
except at personal risk, large cost and inconvenience.
Transportation is demoralized, food is scarce and high
priced and on top of all is the presence of much disease
as the result of long suffering and privation. Many
consumptive patients are to be found in every commun-
No citizen can go to Europe now without a passport
and good reasons must be given to get one. The visi-
tor is questioned at every port of debarkation, at every
frontier, and at every railroad station his baggage is
searched and he must officially register himself at po-
lice stations in cities wherever he stops. He must pay a
fee every time his passport is examined. Fee takers.
stare visitors in the face at every turn, not to speak of
tips on every side. The language is different every few
miles. Foreign money is at a great discount and even
experts find it difficult to avoid being held up. Red tape
binds every movement. It is not likely that passports
and foreign restrictions will be relaxed for a long time
to come. Anent this situation in connection with the
near approach of the time when the palm leaf and elec-
tric fans are busy in American cities of the money belt
of the East, clear through the cereal belt of the West,
there is very little hope for the weary except to come
to Florida. To all such, a most conservative and re-
liable journal, the Christian Science Monitor, offers the
following comforting facts:
"The progressive people of Florida have awakened to
the fact that they have a delightful summer as well a's a
delightful winter climate to offer the people of the States
and provinces of the North. Visitors who have spent the
summer months in the beautiful southern peninsula, the
Italy of America, have been reporting complete satisfac-
tion with the experience for the year past. Every year
more tourists from the North have taken up summer resi-
dence in the winter resorts of Florida. As they have re-
turned homeward they have told hotel keepers in Tampa,
in Jacksonville, or in Tallahassee what a splendid sum-
mer they have spent in Orlando, or St. Augustine, or Day-
tona, or West Palm Beach, or Miami, or Clearwater, or
DeLand, or Kissimmee, or Lakeland, or Punta Gorda, or
Key West, but only recently have the hotel keepers and
others grasped the possibilities that such testimonials
"Those familiar with the tropics and subtropics will
tell you that the air in those climates is always cool in
the shade. This is particularly true of Florida, which
catches the air currents from the Atlantic as well as those
from the Gulf of Mexico. As a matter of fact, breezes
from the ocean and gulf cool every part of Florida and
the temperature on an average is ten degrees lower than
it is through more northern States and the central
It was under the heading of "Florida as a Summer Re-
sort" that the Boston paper heralded this truth among
northern city dwellers who live on canned fruits and vege-
tables, whose household fires are canned in gas pipes,
whose music comes from within talking machines, whose
dramas and scenery are canned in celluloid, whose wa-
ter is piped from distant sources, who see at night with
electricity brought in by wire, all of which makes life
unreal as compared to being in God's out-of-doors in
Florida, where one can say with the Psalmist:
"Oh, Lord, how manifold are Thy works; in wisdom
hast Thou made them all; the earth is full of Thy riches."
To hear real bird voices in the tall trees, the roaring
of ocean billows, to escape days without sunstrokes and
enjoy nights of refreshing sleep, to see the glory of east-
ern sunrises, the cloud splendors of the western sun, of
breathing pure air from nearby seas, in which one can
bathe and catch fish and go sailing, of visiting springs
in which the water is so pellucid that boats seem suspend-
ed in mid air, of motoring under the shadows of ancient
forests, or along rivers and lakes whose names are musi-
cal-Caloosahatchee, Ocklawaha, Okahumpka, Suwanee,
Thonotosassa, Tohopekaliga, Withlahoochee, and many
others just as euphonious-in a land whose discovery was
one of the first of many romantic episodes in American
history-then come to Florida and come at any season of
Come this summer-you can't get around in Europe ex-
cept at large cost and discomfort, it's not safe in Mexico,
it's not easy to get about without guides in Cuba or
South America, because the people can't speak English,
it's a long way to Japan, and the Japs are peculiar, and
it's not particularly inviting in Africa, our continental
neighbor across the Atlantic.
JAX TEMPERATURE IS ANOTHER REASON FOR
Florida Metropolis, July 8, 1921.
While other portions of the United States farther north
are sweltering in the torridity of an unprecedented heat
wave, Jacksonville is basking under the beneficent in-
fluence of cooling ocean breezes. Thermometers regis-
tered temperatures under 90 degrees. Fans are not
especially needed and soda fountain operators complain
that business "ain't what it used to be."
Tourists who come to Florida in winter to escape the
horrors of snow-obstructed streets might fare better if
they remained all summer to escape the horrors of sultry
nights and sunstroke in their homes farther north, it is
The temperature in Jacksonville today, July 8, at 1:45
was 85. Only one other city in this State matched it.
Miami had approximately the same record. Several other
cities reached 88 and one or two of them scored 90. This
is sunny Florida. Farther north the heat record was
above 90 at practically all stations.
MANY ARE DEAD DUE TO INTENSE WAVE OF HEAT
HOT WEATHER REACHES FROM COAST TO COAST, REACHING
RECORDS EVERYWHER--CROPS OF MID-WESTERN
COUNTRY ARE DAMAGED--LITTLE RELIEF IS
PROMISED ACCORDING TO REPORTS SENT
By United Press.
Intense heat throughout the entire United States today
caused many deaths and prostrations and inflicted severe
damage to crops.
From one coast to the other, sweltering heat waves
were reported, with the season's mercury altitude records
shattered and little relief in sight.
On the Pacific coast a trade wind brought down the
mercury from records of 106 in Fresno and 104 in Sacra-
mento. Pittsburgh reported ten deaths this week and
other parts of Pennsylvania nine others. New England
had scores of prostrations.
Wheat and oat crops in northern states received seri-
ous damage. Ohio and Illinois are in the throes of the
year's worst heat wave. Texas is experiencing the hot-
test weather of the summer. Canada was not spared,
the mercury registering close to 100 degrees in many sec-
Milwaukee, Wis., July 8.-A thunderstorm late yester
day broke the heat wave gripping Wisconsin for more
than a week. Forty heat prostrations were reported in
this city Thursday. No deaths are reported.
HOTTEST IN TEXAS
Dallas, Texas, July 8.-Northeast Texas is experienc-
ing the hottest weather of the summer with maximum
temperatures ranging from 94 at Dallas to 109 at Mc-
Kinney. No deaths from heat have been reported.
NEW ENGLAND SWELTERS
Boston, Mass., July 8.-A sweltering blanket of moist
heat enveloped New England today, causing thousands in
the congested districts to seek the open places. Many
spent the night on Boston common. The mercury's high
mark today was 90 degrees.
100 IN CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, Cal., July 8.-Fresno and Red Bluff
tied for heat honors in California with 106 degrees. Sacra-
mento was a close second with 104. The thermometer
climbed to 94 here before a belated trade wind started
the mercury back to normal. Today was cooler.
10 DEAD IN PITTSBURGI
Pittsburgh, Pa., July 8.-Ten deaths since Monday is-
the toll the heat wave has taken here. A heat record for'
the present torrid wave is expected to be established tb-
day. At noon the thermometer had soared past the 90
Wilkes Barre, Pa., July 8.-Overcome by the heat,
Frank Pelate, 26, this city, met instant death today when
he fell against the third rail on the Laurel line system at
Midvale. The coroner's office declared after an investiga-
tion that he was the victim of the combined effects of the
heat and electrocution.
New York, July 8.-New York suffered its share of the
heat wave enveloping the country today.
SA rise in temperature over corresponding hours.of yes-
terday counteracted a reduction in humidity.
Many business firms and officess closed early and per-
spiring employees got awgy to the parks and beaches.
Sixteen prostrations were reported.
2 DEAD; 8 PROSTRATED
Buffalo, N. Y., July 8.-Two deaths and eight prostra-
tions have been reported here as a result of the heat wave.
The highest official temperature recorded is 87.
100 IN OHIO
Cleveland, Ohio, July 8.-Ohio has been in the throes
of a heat wave for the past week. Temperatures over 100
have been reported from throughout the state. The aver-
age temeprature runs around 90 to 95 degrees. Unoffi-
cially reports place the number of deaths from heat pros-
tration at twelve.
Albany, N. Y., July 8.-Five heat prostrations were
reported here today. Heat is interfering with operations
of factories, many of them being compelled to close. The
weather man says there is no escape in sight.
POLAR BEARS DIE
Schnectady, N. Y., July 8.-Two polar bears with Ring-
ling Brothers circus here succumbed to the extreme heat.
One of them had been packed in ice.
Montreal, Que., July 8.-The wind was still and a
sweltering sun beat down on Montreal today. Thousands
slept in the parks and atop Mount Royal. The weather
bureau promised no relief.
5 DEAD IN. ONTARIO
Hamilton, Ont., July 8.-Five deaths were reported for
the last twenty-four hours by heat here today. Seven are
in hospitals in serious condition from heat prostration.
Crops are reported withering and unless rain comes a
great loss is predicted.
AMONG THE TENTED FOLK OF FLORIDA
In the Florida Grower, February 5, 1921.
From the far places of the country they came, these
"Bedouins of the North," and for months their cars have
been crossing the State line at different points. And ever
as they came the climate grew balmier, until Florida, the
mecca of their hopes and desires, dawned upon them.
They are here, camped by the roadside, in the cities that
have kindly set aside grounds for their accommodation;
in the wild places. At night their campfires make cheery
the countryside, their voices ring in glad acclaim over the
beauties of country and climate that have exceeded their
expectations. They are a happy throng as they meet folk
from their own state; from the world-these tented wan-
And Florida has thrown wide its portals; made them
welcome as only Florida can. She has given of her
waters, her fuel, her friendship. Each mud-bespattered
or dusty car has found a haven; the occupants have been
invited to sit in the home circle. The tribes are here-
and have been for some months. They are now a part of
us and enthusiastic letters have gone back to the unlucky
ones who elected to stay behind. It has ever been the
desire of man, when in search of complete rest, to get
right back to the primitive, go into the wild places-and
camp! What tastes better than food prepared at a camp-
fire? Nothing in this wide world! And is there any
greater fun than making this or that expedient serve in
lieu of the semi-luxury of home utensils? No, absolutely!
The dreamy campfire tales under the stars make for
remembrance. Under the very thin veneer of civilization
we are savages to a more or less degree. That seems to
be the answer, and it must be the voice of heredity bids
us go back-strip the cloak from the ages and live as did
the very first man for a little while. Of course, father
Adam didn't have an oil stove, but I am quite certain
that he and his soon learned the uses of fire, and
cooked food came as a matter of course. And fire was
found exceedingly pleasant on cold nights! And so they
are here, from Canada to Honduras, from Maine to Cali-
fornia. Here's cosmopolitanism with a vengeance, if you
It would seem that Florida, with its balmy climate, its
exceeding beauty and numerous lakes and streams, is
the ideal place for these nomads, and if there is a city,
town, or hamlet without them, then it hasn't come to our
knowledge. To take the "raw edge" off of camping many
places have established assembly halls, libraries, com-
munity postoffices, water, free electric lights and fuel.
Almost nightly there are gatherings, entertainments-
for few of the larger camps are lacking in real musical
talent and other sorts of entertainers. There are given
oyster roasts, wienie roasts, sour krout suppers. Regular
committees are appointed and each serve an allotted
term. In short, some of these camps are run like a little
city, with a manager and sanitary squad. Health condi-
tions are looked after rigorously. In fact, there is a
State law to that effect, that all are expected to adhere to.
In many of the towns a citizens' committee has been
formed to meet the incoming campers, and nights are set
aside in which a general mingling of the "nomads" and
town folk takes place. Joyous romping is then the gen-
eral order of the night, and all have a good time with
"stunts," games and music. These get-together meetings
are joyous affairs and much real information about
Florida and Florida conditions is thus disseminated, to
be carried back to the "folks home" as it is picked up here
at first hand. It surely makes the visitor feel at home,
and that he is accepted into the brotherhood of Florida,
to be a part of it!
Lots of the tenters frankly call themselves "tin can
tourists," and a great organization has been formed bear-
ing this name. The name originated, doubtless, for the
reason that lots of them live "out of a can in a tent," until
they get in connection with those channels through which
flows the immense output of produce, winter vegetables
and fruits of Florida that are being raised every month
in the year here. They are getting lots of fun out of their
"Tin Can Tourists' Club," and it is a real organization
with real officers that is rapidly spreading throughout
the length and breadth of the land. It is a Florida insti-
tution that has an advertising value all its own.
Every walk in life is represented at these camps, and
few there are that cannot boast of their ministers, their
masons, clerks, bankers, scribes, tinkers, mechanics, or
other just as polyglot mixtures. Many of them stay in
T'OUIRIS'T' CAMP NEAR IININES CITY
ir~i~l. i51JjC L. *
a place that especially appeals to them for quite a few
months, or until all the discomforts of winter have passed
in the north. These "stickers" essay quite a few com-
forts in and about their tents, in the way of a palmetto
roof, a little knock-down porch that is moss draped, and
wooden flooring. I saw some that were literally doll-
houses that presented the most charming appearance.
There are others that emulate real desert dwellers and
move from time to time to other places in Florida, thus
getting a state-wide knowledge and acquaintance.
"Human interest stories" among these people are as
thick as the proverbial "fleas on a dog's back." Naturally
some of the long journeys over roads possible and impos-
sible were full of adventure and amusing incidents.
Traveling auto mechanics picked up many a dollar by
simply following the highways and adjusting troubles as
they came to them. In many instances they were hailed
as a blessing, no doubt. I met one family that consisted
of nine, seven children, that made a two thousand mile
journey on an auto truck, reached here all right, fat and
healthy. I call this quite an achievement. I saw every
sort of car, from the real luxury coach to the lowly fliv-
ver, every sort of covering that served as a "tent" known
to the ingenuity of man.
Some of these when properly erected make a real home
with lots of real comforts. Cots seemed to be the prin-
cipal of the sleeping arrangements, but many a bed with
springs and soft mattresses were in evidence. Monday
was "wash day" in one camp I visited and in going about
I had some real problems presented in making my way
under and about "Ma's clotheslines." This camp was
just an ideal one. I won't mention the name or location,
for doubtless there are many with equal advantages in the
State-but what struck me most forcibly here were the
cleanliness and fine sanitary arrangements. The tents
were laid out on regular streets and presented the most
homelike appearance imaginable.
In this camp the very smallest "tent" was no bigger
than a man-size cover, and was just a shelter from the
weather and the night air, that's all. This man is from
far-off Spanish Honduras, is a naturalist photographer,
and during the course of his travels has touched the far
corners of earth, mingling with wild men and beasts. He
told me an interesting story of being staked down by
cannibals and a hairbreadth escape. He shuns publicity,
has a mission in life to banish all hatred, and is quite an
interesting character. The musicians of the camp were
in evidence on the day of my visit and I had the pleasure
of hearing good music. I saw a lady here in "knickkies"
also, but modesty forbade me requesting her to pose for
publication. She looked comfortable and attractive.
I met ever so many people that were looking for loca-
tions, among them a cheese-maker, would-be growers, gar-
deners, musicians, mechanics, and what not. Such in-
formation as I had at my command I gave them, 'of
course, and at one time I had quite an audience. A lady
from Montana seemed rather skeptical about the delights
and advantages of Florida, for she asked me if Florida
was such a good place, why was it necessary to get all our
wheat from Montana? When I told her we got a little
from other places she seemed quite surprised. Upon
learning from her that dry farmers of Montana got as high
as twenty bushels of wheat to the acre, I told her that
we got the same money value from one orange tree fre-
quently, and that we planted them about sixty trees to
the acre. She said then: "I don't care; I think it more
healthy to be in cold weather part of the year, anyhow."
As this seemed to be getting into an argument in which
I could undoubtedly worst the lady I maintained a dis-
crete silence on the subject of "Montana versus Florida."
Fishing rods and shooting outfits were visible in many
tents, and I noted three cars loaded with sportsmen
leaving the camp in the short time I was there. These
fellows are going in for some real sports of Florida and
my heart is with them. Indeed they are all having a
good time. Not all of them will stay or come back to
stay, but it is a surety that "Florida sand" will have
its effect upon a goodly percentage, and we are booked for
quite an addition to our citizenry as soon as affairs are
arranged "back home." I uncovered a great deal of en-
thusiasm for prospects in the different sections for the
growing of this or that or the establishment of something
in "his or her line."
I had no method of knowing what was in the hearts
of these people that were gathered, from the four quar-
ters of the globe-I could judge by external appearances
only-but if these people were not having the time of
their lives, it was the best imitation I ever saw. Many
of them were in Florida for the first time and they re-
minded me of nothing so much as eager little children
gathered around a Christmas tree. Everything was so
wonderful and likeable! And "is it fine like this every
winter?" "How do you stand the summers? Isn't it
dreadfully warm This last question seemed to be the
predominant one, and I believe I was least believed in
my answers to this, the great problem of Florida sum-
The play places of Florida have been open to these
tented hordes this winter as never before; the wild places
have known them as have the towns. From just a scat-
tered few that were noticed last winter, this year we have
literally thousands. The cars have been coming in for
months and the great migration back to the north will
soon begin. Some are going-not all-but more will re-
turn next winter-and more will stay. The welcome sign
is out. Our millions of acres of unoccupied lands are
beckoning to those in all lines; the artisan, the manu-
facturer, the grower, the farmer. Come and tarry a
while. Maybe you will find "that one place," who
knows? Surely the price of winter clothing and fuel will
pay for an economical trip to Florida.
TOURIST CAMPS ALONG BEE LINE.
Campbellton, Aug. 9.-Thad Holt, of Birmingham, ac-
companied by L. F. Sessions, of Ozark, Ala., came through
here on their trip over the Bee Line highway. Mr. Holt
is making a log map of the route, which will be distrib-
uted to the tourists traveling from the North.
While here he arranged with Mr. J. H. Fears, vice-presi-
dent and cashier of the Central State Bank, to open a
tourist camp on some very beautiful lots owned by him
along the route.
Heretofore tourists have been routed or diverted from
the Bee Line highway and routed through south Georgia
via Thomasville, and then on to South Florida, but from
now on they will be routed direct over the Bee Line which
runs from Nashville, Tennessee, to Orlando, Florida, by
The Suwannee River Special will run over the South-
ern between Cincinnati and Hampton, Fla., and over the
Seaboard between Hampton and St. Petersburg, via Chat-
tanooga, Atlanta, Valdosta, Hampton, Ocala, Tampa and
Clearwater, as a solid through train, and will handle
through sleeping cars from Detroit, Clevelanid, Louisville
and Cincinnati. This is the short route between the ter-
ritory north of the Ohio river and the west coast of Flor-
PROGRAM ADOPTED BY COMMERCIAL SECRE-
TARIES' ASSOCIATION AT RECENT CONVEN-
TION TO REGULATE AND IMPROVE CONDI-
TIONS FOR MOTOR TOURISTS THROUGHOUT
To improve, regulate and establish uniform camp sites
for the winter auto tourists is one of the important un-
dertakings launched by the State Commercial Secretaries'
Association at their annual meeting at St. Augustine.
At the gathering of the State secretaries the tourist
camp problem received serious attention, as a result of
the conditions in each Southern Florida city, which nat-
urally came under the close observance of the chamber
of commerce secretaries in their daily routine of looking
after the welfare of the visitors. Lengthy discussions of
the subject resulted in arriving at a definite decision as to
what would be done in preparation for the annual influx
of the motor visitors into the State next fall.
To FORMULATE PLANS
A special committee was appointed to work out a defi-
nite system of handling the situation. It was recom-
mended that a uniform motor camp be devised, with san-
itary and health regulations, which would conform to the
State Board of Health provisions. Many restrictions are
to be contained in the plan, which will make each camp
a complete and modern village, with all conveniences nec-
essary to promote the best of health and comfort. No
camp is to be a free camp, but each occupant of space
within the confines of the camp is to be assessed propor-
tionately the necessary amount to care for the upkeep
and the expense of lights, water and other necessities.
Deciding upon a uniform camp came about as a re-
sult of the mistake of certain cities in offering attrac-
tions for tourists, while overlooking the health condi-
tions of the city itself. The camp thereby had a detri-
mental effect instead of providing good publicity which
the community was. striving to attain.
It was ventured that every Florida city which had been
welcoming tourists had become dissatisfied with the pres-
ent conditions and it was absolutely necessary to make
improvements in the system before the same thing could
be repeated. It is believed by the secretaries that they
have struck a popular chord, and already they have re-
ceived the sanction of every community represented at the
For road maps, address the Florida State Automobile
Association, Orlando, Florida. For guides, address
Florida Short Route Association, Columbus, Ga.
CARELESS TOURISTS START FIRES THAT BURN
OVER IMMENSE AREA ANNUALLY
Weekly News Letter, August 17, 1921
Because of the war, Germany lost about 21,547,520
acres of land exclusive of plebiscites. This was undoubt-
edly a serious national misfortune to Germany. The
United States, during the period 1916-1920, inclusive,
burned up 56,488,307 acres of our forested area-over two
and one-half times as much as Germany's entire loss-an
area greater than New York and Pennsylvania combined,
or of Minnesota, Kansas, Idaho, or Utah.
FORErsT ARE POPULAR VACATION SPOTS
While it is impossible to trace the origin of all forest
fires, the records of the Forest Service of the United
States Department of Agriculture show that a large num-
ber originate through the carelessness of happy-go-lucky
tourists. The Forest Service is. anxious to encourage the
use of the national forests as recreation grounds. It co-
operates with plans for building fine roads through the
forests, and establishes numerous free camping grounds,
where shelter, water, and firewood may be obtained.
Many of these camps are located on main automobile
highways and are easily reached. Some States provide
tourist maps to the forests and camp sites. About 5,000,-
000 people, it is estimated, use the forests each year dur-
ing the vacation season.. At Eagle Camp Ground, on
the Columbia River Highway, in the Oregon National
Forest, 132,000 tourists registered last year.
Some of the campers, however, do not seem to appre-
ciate the pleasures and privileges afforded to the touring
public.. They disfigure the scenery with rubbish and
filth; they disregard game laws and pollute streams, but
their worst and most frequently recurring offense, accord-
ing to forest officers, is the starting of destructive forest
fires by carelessness either with camp fires or with smok-
A lighted cigarette thrown into dry leaves or needles
may start a fire that will spread for miles. A camp fire
not fully extinguished may be the means of destroying
valuable timber which has taken hundreds of years to
reach maturity. The report of forest rangers are filled
with dramatic accounts of the work involved in controll-
ing such fires, and also in detecting and bringing the cul-
prits before a judge after following the very slight clues
obtainable in a deserted camp site. Sometimes an old
bottle or a pocket handkerchief will reveal the original
possessor who did not put out his fire. Sometimes a par-
ticular make of automobile tire can be traced for miles
and the careless camper brought to justice.
PUBLIC SHOULD DEVELOP MORE CONSCIENCE.
No fines, however, on the part of the local magistrate
will restore the burned area. While forest rangers are
vigilant and alert to catch carelessness and prevent in-
cipient fires, the real need, the foresters say, is for the
development of more conscience on the part of the public
which uses the national forests. It is greatly desired by
the Forest Service that all the 147 national forests, from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from Gulf to border, be
used and enjoyed to the fullest extent by as many peo-
ple as possible. This involves universal adoption of the
slogan, "Be sure your fire is out!"
TOURISTS ENJOY LIFE ON HIGHWAY 6,000
Dearborn Independent, Aug. 20, 1921
One of the many innovations that residents of many
States are taking advantage this summer in traveling
over the National Park-to-Park Highway has to do with
sleeping under the stars in a tent pitched in a free munci-
pal camp, if they wish, or resting in a comfortable hotel,
in the Rockies or Sierras. There are fully 100 municipal
camps scattered along the 6,000-mile highway that con-
nects the twelve national parks of the West, so that the
road tourist, if he desires, may spend three months in the
open while making this journey through America's won-
The circle highway, traversing 11 States, has direct con-
nections with transcontinental highways. Its promoters
look upon the Yellowstone trail, Lincoln and Roosevelt in-
ternational highways as scenic belts of a recreation wheel
that draws road tourists westward, with the parks as
The highway also touches Rocky Mountain and Mesa
Verde, where prehistoric cliff dwellers originated the
apartment house idea 1,000 years ago; passed through the
petrified forest of Arizona to reach Grand Canyon; also
touches Zion in Utah; and Grant, Sequoia, Yosemite and
Lassen, with its active volcano, in California, and con-
tinues to Crater, Rainier and Glacier Parks.
This highway has the support of the A. A. A. and the
National Park Service, and Congress some day will be
asked to hard-surface the entire way. Winter wraps
used in crossing the Rockies in the middle of July are sub-
stituted temporarily for bathing suits a little later at Pa-
cific Coast beaches.
Gus Holmes, secretary of the National Park-to-Park
Highway Association, with general offices in Denver, is
preparing a road guide for tourists which will be fur
nished free, upon request, to any address.
FLORIDA FROM SPAIN TO THE UNITED STATES
An Article by L. W. CHALKER, in the Pensacola News.
Florida has had much history. Perhaps it is impossible
to find such a variety in any other state of our Union.
It has had four periods of history under Spain, one under
France, one under England, one under the Confederate
States and three under the Stars and Stripes. The dates
run about as follows for what we know as Florida:
Spain had it from 1559 to 1718.
France had it from 1718 to 1723.
Spain again had it from 1723 to 1763.
Great Britain had it from 1763 to 1781.
Spain again had it from 1781 to 1818.
United States had it from 1818 to 1819.
Spain again had it from 1819 to 1821.
United States had it from 1821 to 1861.
Southern Confederacy had it from 1861 to 1865.
United States again -had it from 1865 to 1921.
The wonderful natural resources together with its
balmy atmosphere and its delightful climate have made
our State a treasure to be sought after by many nations.
Infinite wisdom placed it in our hands. However, we
might expurge from the above table the Confederate period
and regard that as only an incident and still we have eight
left. Four times Florida was under the flag of Spain,
once it belonged to France, once to England, and twice to
the United States. The final passing to the United States
is the event we are to celebrate today. Exactly 100 years
ago the 17th that great event took place on the Plaza in
this city. There is evidence of progress in moral life in
the very fact that we do not celebrate on the 17th. That
date falls on the Lord's day and our committee has wisely
chosen the following day and thus observe the holy day.
And yet while General Jackson and his excellent Christian
wife were here 100 years ago the Sabbath was so dese-
crated publicly and privately till that good woman was
grieved to her very soul.
General Andrew Jackson made history; wherever he
went his iron will forced things to yield. Twice he en-
tered Florida with an army, and after he had finished his
work the Indians were subdued and the Spanish were not
only conquered but convinced that this part of the world
was destined to belong to America. Hence, on the 19th
of February, 1821, Spain ratified a treaty ceding the
Floridas to the United States. General Jackson was soon
appointed provisional governor of Florida and ordered to
go from his home in Tennessee and take formal possession
In April he took his wife and adopted son and came.
On his way down he stopped in southern Alabama and
paid his respects in a most kindly way to Billie Weather-
At Gonzalez, Jackson waited certain days for his small
army to arrive and also for the Spanish to get entirely
ready to formally turn over this State to him as the agent
for the American government. Early in the morning of
July 17, 1821, the ancient banner of Castile and Aragon
still floated over the public square. But during those
early hours a full company of dismounted dragoons, the
Spanish governor's guard, marched into the square and
stood along the southern side facing the north. Their
splendid uniforms and glittering equippage shone in the
morning sun, a striking reminder of the gilded empire
beyond the seas whose glory was departing.
At 8 o'clock a battalion of infantry and a company of
the artillery bearing the Stars and Stripes marched down
Palafox street, filed into the square, and took a position
opposite the Spanish guards. At 10 o'clock General Jack-
son and his staff marched together through the square,
saluted by soldiers under both banners. As he reached
the government house, Governor Callava received him
with that remarkable courtesy so characteristic of the
Spanish people. Documents changed hands. The Span-
ish sergeant at the gate handed his sword to an American
sentinel. General Jackson and Governor Callava then
left the house and passed between the double line of
troops. As they reached the flag staff the Spanish flag
came down and the Stars and Stripes ascended to the
top, while guns on land and water boomed, and the band
played "The Star-Spangled Banner." People wept and
laughed at the same time. Many noble-hearted Spaniards
were sad indeed to leave these grounds, grown dear to
them. Many Americans rejoiced that at last this beau-
tiful land had been assigned by Divine Providence to a
people who came to America not to seek gold but to serve
God. His favor has followed us to this good hour.
By EDWARD EVERETT BELL.
Her foliage and ferns are a tangled mass-her lakes are
While her skies are clear and of dreamy depth-and
freighted with incense, too;
Her air is balmy and full of health and fragrant from
shore to shore,
Thus, the port once sought from the Spanish main lies
an Eden for ever more.
They say she's merely a tongue of land-far-flung in an
But her flowers and fruits lie on every hand-and that's
quite enough for me.
No towering mountains may grace her plains-no canyons
of foggy grey,
But her beautiful forests in scattered plots are visioned
for miles away;
Her rivers are ebbing their peaceful course, and her tree-
fringed lakes are fine,
With borders of live oak and flowering shrubs-or the
boles of some graceful pine.
They say she's merely a tongue of land-farflung in a
But her wealth of beauty on every hand is a constant
delight to me.
Her soil is fertile, her climate mild, and buoyant her bril-
While her marked abundance of native wealth gives the
promise of Paradise;
Stalwart her sons-and her daughters fair-as the maid-
ens of Grecian mould.
For the gifts of the Gods have been showered there-in a
tale that is far from told.
They say she is merely a tongue of land-far-flung in a
But her beauty and grace cover every strand-and she's
just the home for me.
FLOWERS LIKE THESE ALL OVER FLORIDA
You may travel in England or France or Spain-you may
bask on the mystic Nile,
You may skim o'er the waters of quaint Luzerne-or may
yield to the Danube's wile;
Yes. Each has its beauties-its treasures vast-and each
has its boasted clime.
But the "Land of Flowers" shall hold its sway-and reign
till the end of Time.
They say she's merely a tongue of land-far-flung in a
But, ah, she has charms that are passing grand-and she's
just the home for me.
By HOWARD CURRY.
When de Lawd was building' dis earth of ours
He seek out a garden fo' to plant de flowers;
An' He make up a place twixt de Gulf an' de Ocean
An He fix up Florida jes to His notion.
He fix de blossoms on de orange trees
An' He makes 'um sweet fo' de honey bees
An' planted de palm trees all around
An' pines an' oaks fo' to shade de ground.
Den He put in some lakes an' rivers too
An' built up some hills fo' to help de view,
An' He git de sun a working' jest right
An' de moon an' de stars fo' to he'p out at night.
An' He turn on de rain in de summer time
To cool de air an' make de cane stalks climb
Den He make a climate so warm an' mild
Dat when He finished ol' Florida I know He smiled.
By Rev. Seymore Grady
O this lovely land of Flowers, formed by God's almighty
Lashed by Atlantic's surging billows, rolling o'er the glit-
On the west the Gulf's blue waters, like a faithful sentry,
Building up the coral islands out beyond the golden
Here the breezes gently fan us, like a downy angel's wing;
And the rays of summer sunshine, never terrors with them
Winter, with its icy fingers, in this land, is rarely seen;
Here the roses ne'er cease blooming, and the fields are al-
Sparkling lakes bedeck the landscape; silvery streams
flow to the sea;
'Mong them is the famed Suwannee, where the old folks
sing with glee.
Here the moon, with softest brightness, floods the land so
fair and wide,
And the sun with golden banners fills the sky at eventide.
Fertile soil rewards the toiler with the luscious fruits and
Silver kings leap from the waters, caught with hook and
spear and seine
O this land resembles Eden, in its beauty and its wealth,
And its clime is like a Canaan-full of life and peace and
Mighty God, while other peoples have through evil fallen
May we heed Thy just commandments, and Thyself ne'er
cease to know.
Help us use the blessings given, as we journey toward
Pass them on to those who follow, when we enter into rest.
By SHERMAN ROWLES.
Papers have a heap to say,
Sneerin' like at Florida,
We read them every way,
Pokin' fun at Florida.
Air just full of slander darts,
From the busy Northern marts,
Nuff to bust them people's hearts,
Way down there in Florida.
There's where alligators are born,
Way down there in Florida;
Every word a word of scorn
For the State of Florida.
Mosquitoes darkening the sun,
Dozens of them weigh a ton,
Seem to think it's lots of fun,
Cracking jokes at Florida.
Now it's come our time to laugh,
Us folks down in Florida.
Giving Northerners the gaff
About affairs in Florida.
Tourists come on every route,
Brings lots of dough to boot,
And buying up all of her fruit
From the groves of Florida.
The sun's a-shinin' every day,
Way down here in Florida,
Fish in rivers, lake and bay,
Way down here in Florida.
Anglers gets his line and pole,
In the water makes a hole-
Has caught a fish-Lord bless your soul
For bring him to Florida.
Trains hauling out the stuff
From the groves of Florida,
Railroads can't get cars enough
For to empty Florida.
Ought'er see the grower grin,
As he strokes the lilacs on his chin,
And the cash comes rollin' in-
From the groves of Florida.
Women singing songs of glee,
'Bout old fruitful Florida.
Babies crowing merrily,
Everywhere in Florida.
Pretty girls buying clothes,
Togging out from head to toes,
Style! you bet your life she goes
Way down here in Florida.
And when the cares of the day are done,
Way down here in Florida,
And the kids begin to yawn,
Sleepy-like, in Florida,
The Cracker wipes his glasses blurred,
Reads a chapter from the Word,
Then kneels down and thanks the Lord
That he was born in Florida.
Florida makes 400,000,000 cigars and 8,000,000 cigar-
Florida has a flourishing automobile factory at Jack-
sonville-The American Motors Export Corporation.
The Oldsmobile Company has a tractor factory at Olds-
mar-just west of Tampa.
Is there anything unique in an industrial way in
The only factory in the world making "Ocean Har-
vesters" is in Jacksonville.
The only factory in the world making paper from saw
grass is in Leesburg.
The only factory in the world making "Crankless En-
gines" is in Jacksonville.
The only factory in the world making furniture from
palmetto is in Tampa.
The only factory in America making brushes from
palmetto is in Tampa.
There is a tannery at Ft. Myers for utilizing the skins
of sharks and porpoises.
Oldsmar has a factory for making smudges for heating
Manufacturing in Florida amounts to $150,000,000
Do FLORIDIANS INVENT?
Yes-regular Yankees for invention. In addition to
the above we will mention that:
It was a Floridian who first produced artificial ice and
gave that great industry to the world. This was done
at Apalachicola by Dr. John Gorrie in 1850.
It was a Floridian, Mr. Wilson of Jacksonville, who
invented a machine for making excelsior from the waste
of mills and from timber not hitherto used for this pur-
It was a Floridian who invented one of the electric
planers, Mr. J. M. Richens of Jadksonville.
It was a Floridian who invented the self-fastening
knocked down container, Mr. J. R. Ritter of Hastings.
It was a Floridian who invented a method of making
lumber out of sawdust-patented in 1921.
Mr. Logan of Ocala has invented a collapsible and re-
turnable egg crate.
Rev. Seymour Grady of Tallahassee has patented and
built a four-wheel drive tractor that can be operated be-
tween rows without damage to crops of any height-do-
ing away with the necessity of a horse. All wheels but
one can be disconnected from the transmission, and the
machine turned within the space of its length.
It was a Floridian who invented a complete world
calendar for 2,000 years, pronounced the last word on
historical calendars, Robt. Pentland of Jacksonville.
The Gilbert-Stevens process of preparing cane sirups
before evaporation so as to prevent fermentation is
demonstrated by the inventors in Jacksonville.
New innovations in dehydration have been introduced
by Mr. Green of Jacksonville (Whitehouse).
Florida has the largest spring in the world-Silver
Spring-navigable from the very source-six miles from
Ocala. The water is as clear as atmosphere. The floor
of the river leading from the spring is covered with beau-
tiful aquatic vegetation. The vertebra of an extinct
monster lies in the bottom of the river. Fish will come
to the surface for feed and you can pick them up. A
glass-bottomed boat is used to explore the spring and
river, whose banks are bordered with virgin jungle.
Florida has the famous "Gopher Wood" forest on the
Florida has the only genuine ever-bearing orange trees
in the world, in Highlands County.
Florida has the only grapefruit in the world bearing
a perfumed fruit.
Florida has the only camphor tree grove in America,
Florida has the only Gorduma (Brazilian) grass stock
farm in the United States, in Okeechobee County.
Royal Palm State Park, Dade County, in custody of
Federation of Women's Clubs of the State.
Natural Bridge State Park, Leon County, to com-
memorate the battle of Natural Bridge.
Port St. Joe State Park, Calhoun County, in honor of
first constitutional convention held in State.
Dade Memorial Park, Sumter County, to commemorate
the Dade Massacre.
LIST OF FLORIDA FAIRS
COUNTY PLACE DATE
Jackson County Fair-Marianna.
Leon County Fair-Tallahassee, November 22-26.
Alachua County Fair-Gainesville, November 8th to
Suwannee County Fair-Live Oak.
Molino Agri. Fair Assn.-Molino.
Orange County Fair-Orlando, February 14th to 18th,
Pinellas County Fair-Largo, January 17th to 21st,
Bradford County Fair-Lake Butler, November 1st to
Citrus County Fair-Leonata.
St. Lucie County Fair-Gt. Lucie, January 23-24-25-26.
Palm Beach County Fair-Palm Beach.
Dade County Fair-Miami.
Osceola County Fair-Kissimmee, during the month of
Lee County Fair-Ft. Myers, February 14-15-16 and 17,
Brevard County Fair-Eau Gallie.
Marion County Fair-Ocala.
Manatee County Fair-Bradentown, February 21-22-23
and 24, 1922.
Madison County Fair-Madison, October 25-29, inclu-
South Florida Fair Assn.-Tampa, February 2nd to
Florida State Fair and Exposition-Jacksonville, No-
vember 12th to 19th, 1921.
OPPORTUNITIES IN FLORIDA
W. A. McRAE, Commissioner of Agriculture,
In July Issue of Florida Real Estate Journal.
The saying that opportunity knocks but once at one's
door is but a poetic fantasy. Opportunity is playing an
anvil chorus on the door of those who have capital to in-
vest and will use judgment in choosing investments-in
The same kind of opportunities are open to investors
here now that were open during the pioneer days of other
States. The Federal Government Census is authority for
the statement that land values have had an average in-
crease throughout the State of 130 per cent. during the
Is that not a good investment?
If you exercise good judgment in placing your invest-
ments you can be among those who will reap the rewards
awaiting investors in Florida lands during the next ten
years-like the following taken from census of 1920:
Polk .................. 600 per cent.
Dade .................. 258 per cent.
Palm Beach ........... 234 per cent.
St. Lucie .............. 95 per cent.
Brevard ............... 80 per cent.
De Soto ............... 79 per cent.
Lee ................... 50 per cent.
The increase in population of the flourishing young
cities of the State is a weather vane showing what in-
vestors are doing, and these cities are time-keepers of
progress, indicating opportunities yet unborn. The fol-
lowing will illustrate:
Increase in population during last ten years:
Miami ................. 440 per cent.
West Palm Beach....... 396 per cent.
St. Petersburg ......... 244 per cent.
Orlando ............... 138 per cent.
Lakeland .............. 89 per cent.
Tampa ................ 35 per cent..
Pensacola ............. 35 per cent.
There are romantic stories in store of the magical rise
in land values and of coming cities of Florida in the im-
Florida has 10,500,000 acres of flat-wood land; 8,640,000
acres of pine land; 3,840,000 acres of hammock hardwood
land; 3,500,000 acres of muck land; 6,800,000 acres are
divided among swamps, rivers, lakes, etc., but there are
20,000,000 acres susceptible of cultivation, and 10,000,000
acres of it clay subsoil, suitable for general farming.
Crop values have increased during the last six years 121
Livestock values have increased during same time 153
Roasting ears and vegetables are grown somewhere in
the State every month in the year. Sugar cane grown
continuously in south part of State, requiring replanting
at about eight-year intervals, and produces from 20 to 60
tons per acre. There is no part of the State that will not
We have five hundred timber mills turning out an-
nually $20,000,000 worth of material and we have annual
yield of $10,000,000 in naval stores. The phosphate busi-
ness was almost twice as much in 1920 as it was in any
previous year-aggregating in value $19,000,000.
The bank deposits of Florida have increased during the
last five years 205 per cent.
We have 160 nurseries and 75,000,000 fruit and nut-
The assessed valuation of the State has increased since
1910 95 per cent.
We have 2,915 common schools, 104 high schools, 4
State schools for higher education and 16 denominational
We have 6,242 miles of railroads, 4,158 miles of im-
proved roads, and 11 steamship companies operating in
Sugar mills are in process of erection in the Everglades.
The day will come when there will be 50,000,000 tons of
sugar cane produced in the Everglades country.
The total assessed valuation of the State is $409,588,-
938. And this does not represent one-third the value of
the property of the State.
The population of the State is in round numbers
The acreage of the State is 35,000,000.
The acreage in actual cultivation is less than 3,000,000.
The real estate valuation is $253,684,593.
Taxes paid to State on land, $2,790,529.
Taxes paid to State on personal property, $1,601,162.
Value of crops sold by producers, $80,000,000.
Value of forest output, timber and naval stores, $30,-
Value of output of fisheries, $20,000,000.
Value of phosphate output in 1920, $19,000,000.
Value of fullers' earth output, $1,600,000.
Value of livestock products, $20,000,000.
Value of the tourist trade, $30,000,000.
The Federal Government, the State, the counties and
districts are expending approximately $6,000,000 annually
on good roads in Florida.
Are you willing to come and learn?
Major J. J. Kennedy, of Los Angeles, Cal., who recently
purchased property near Haines City, and proposes to
make his home there, has written the following enthu-
siastic tribute to the State to his friend, W. T. Brooks,
who gave it to the Haines City Herald for publication:
"Dear old Florida! She's the tail that wags the dog;
she is the finger on the map of the United States that
points to prosperity; in the anatomy of States she is the
thumb, the equal of all the rest combined, and without
which the glad hand of happiness would be a sorry thing
indeed. Newest of all the sister States, in that she has
recently arisen from the ocean, she is fairest and cleanest
and loveliest. If scientists are right, she is the baby of
the family of States; and allow me to say that as usual
the baby is the flower of the flock and as yet unspoiled.
But she is growing and developing, and capitalists from
the frozen north and west are flirting with her; the young
and able-bodied are coming to Florida to grow up as she
grows; the old and infirm from every State in the chilly
north are going to Florida to spend their winters, little
knowing that they are to fall in love with the State and
stay on and on watching the sun come up out of its bed
of glory in the great Atlantic, smile down on thousands
of happy homes and myriad crystal lakes and orange
groves and grapefruit and green, cool forests, and drop
regretfully down behind the palms into the placid waters
of the Gulf of Mexico. Ah, Florida, how grateful am I
that no upheaval of nature severed you from the galaxy
of States! Poor indeed would we be without you! You
are bound to us by a firmer and more enduring tie than
that of mere earth; yea, you are bound to us by the ties
of blood and kinship, the ties of love, the bonds of
material and financial prosperity. Wondrous State, you
little dream that you are to be the playground of a tired
and nerve-jaded country. Little think you now that soon
all of your lovely places are to be inhabited, and you may
not know that the time is soon to come when people are
to value you at something like your true worth, casting
in their lot with you before it is too late. You have been
modest, little sister, and you have not told your virtues;
you have been the flower that bloomed in woodland soli-
tudes, and I will say that if you had the press agent
organization of your distant sister on the Pacific Coast,
you could scarce entertain the people who would come
to your shores. Do I love you, Florida! You shouldn't
ask me, for you know I do. I've flirted with nearly all
your older sisters. Some were fatter, some leaner, some
richer and many poorer. Some were longer and many
were shorter. None gave me the thrill that you alone
can give. Why, do you know that before I met you, dear
girl, I had become cynical and hardened and skeptical,
and wondered why I was on earth?
"I don't mind telling you this, now that we are to cast
in our lots together, and that our paths are to be one (as
it were, but not as it was, for there is a difference, you
must know). All true, Florida, is this, and when I think
of you I think of rippling waves along the sandy beach
where happy thousands laugh and play as children; I
think of forests where the wild turkey calls and where
the stately trees are bearded with gray moss; I think of
giant palms and ferns and wild flowers; I think of
Florida with its thousands of lakes sparkling under an
azure sky, their sloping shores green and yellow with
citrus trees and fruit of gold; I think of winding asphalt
roads and happy homes and fair cotton-headed children;
I think of fern-boredred lakes where lurk the game fish
to be caught; and, last of all, perhaps, when I think of
you I think of those who know you not, and I am just a
little sad, for they have missed one of the thrills of life.
Many are they who have learned to love you in winter,
but those who know you best love you even more in sum-
mer and through all the year.
"I'm coming to you, Florida, you sun-kissed, ocean-
bathed little sister, and I'm never going to leave you.
I'm going to build a little bungalow by one of your little
lakes, and I'm going to set out some young trees of
orange and of grapefruit near by; then I'm going to fish
and hunt and motor and swim and watch the golden fruit
ripen under your blue sky. And then I will watch the
profits come in; and then the gold that was on the trees
will blossom in the bank and bring in more gold. Gold,
the thing men have risked their lives for in the far north;
the precious metal sought for all over the world, and just
think, it grows on the trees in Florida! Ah, Florida,
you do not know how wonderful you are! And it is my
regret that I cannot do you justice. I can only say that
I am for you and I'm coming to you."
COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS OF FLORIDA
(List compiled in 1921)
Chamber of Commerce, Apalachicola, Franklin County.
Board of Trade, Apopka, Orange County.
Board of Trade, Arcadia, DeSoto County.
Board of Trade, Archer, Alachua County.
Commercial Club, Auburndale, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Avon Park, DeSoto County.
Board of Trade, Bartow, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Bradentown, Manatee County.
Board of Trade, Brooksville, Hernando County.
Chamber of Commerce, Callahan, Nassau County.
Board of Trade, Cedar Keys, Levy County.
Chamber of Commerce, Chipley, Washington County.
Chamber of Commerce, Clearwater, Pinellas County.
Board of Trade, Dade City, Pasco County.
Board of Trade, Davenport, Polk County.
Triple Cities Chamber of Commerce, Daytona, Volusia
County. (Daytona, Daytona Beach, Seabreeze).
DeLand Commercial Club, DeLand, Volusia County.
Board of Trade, Eustis, Lake County.
Board of Trade, Fellsmere, St. Lucie County.
Chamber of Commerce, Fernandina, Nassau County.
Board of Trade, Fort Lauderdale, Broward County.
Fort Myers Chamber of Commerce, Fort Myers, Lee
Fort Pierce Chamber of Commerce, Fort Pierce, St.
East Coast Chamber of Commerce, Fort Pierce, St. Lu-
Chamber of Commerce, Gainesville, Alachua County.
Board of Trade, Green Cove Springs, Clay County.
Board of Trade, Haines City, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Havana, Gadsden County.
Board of Trade, Hilliard, Nassau County.
Chamber of Commerce, Jacksonville, Duval County.
Board of Trade, Jasper, Hamilton County.
Board of Trade, Kathleen, Polk County.
Chamber of Commerce, Key West, Monroe County.
Kissimmee Board of Trade, Kissimmee, Osceola Coun-
Lake City and Columbia County Chamber of Commerce,
Lake City, Columbia County.
Chamber of Commerce, Lakeland, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Leesburg, Lake County.
Lake County Chamber of Commerce, Tavares, Lake
Suwanee County Chamber of Commerce, Live Oak, Su-
Chamber of Commerce, Lynn Haven, Bay County.
Baker County Board of Trade, Macclenny, Baker
Marianna Chamber of Commerce, Marianna, Jackson
Chamber of Commerce, Miami, Dade County.
Commercial Association, Molino, Escambia County.
Chamber of Commerce, Moore Haven, Glades County.
Board of Trade, Mulberry, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Mt. Dora, Lake County.
Board of Trade, New Port Richie, Pasco County.
Marion County Board of Trade, Ocala, Marion County.
Board of Trade, Oldsmar, Pinellas County.
'Board of Trade, Okeechobee, Okeechobee County.
Board of Trade, Orlando, Orange County.
Board of Trade, Palatka, Putnam County.
Chamber of Commerce, Panama City, Bay County.
Chamber of Commerce, Pensacola, Escambia County.
Taylor County Board of Trade, Perry, Taylor County.
Chamber of Commerce, Plant City, Hillsborough Coun-
Board of Trade, Punta Gorda, DeSoto County.
Gadsden County' Chamber of Commerce, Quincy,
Sanford Chamber of Commerce, Sanford, Seminole
Commercial Club, Sarasota, Manatee County.
Board of Trade, Seffner, Hillsborough County.
Board of Trade, Starke, Bradford County.
South Jacksonville Board of Trade, South Jackson-
ville, Duval County.
Chamber of Commerce, St. Augustine, St. Johns Coun-
Board of Trade, St. Cloud, Osceola County.
Board of Trade, Sebring, DeSoto County.
St. Petersburg Board of Trade, Pinellas County.
Tallahassee Chamber of Commerce, Tallahassee, Leon
"North Florida Chamber of Commerce (twenty coun-
ties); headquarters, Tallahassee, Leon County.
"Note: The North Florida Chamber of Commerce will
give information about North Florida counties, as well as
about the towns that have no commercial organization in
its territory, from Hamilton, Suwanee, LaFayette and
Dixie Counties westward to and including Escambia
Tampa Board of Trade, Tampa, Hillsborough County.
Board of Trade, Tarpon Springs, Pinellas County.
Board of Trade, Tilusville, Brevard County.
Brevard County Board of Trade, Titusville, Brevard
Board of Trade, Trilby, Pasco County.
Board of Trade, Umatilla, Lake County.
Board of Trade, Howie, Lake County.
South Florida Chamber of Commerce, Valrico, Hills-
Board of Trade, Vero, St. Lucie County.
Board of Trade, Waldo, Alachua County..
Chamber of Commerce, Wauchula, Hardee County.
Chamber of Commerce, Webster, Sumter County.
Chamber of Commerce, West Palm Beach, Palm Beach
White Springs Chamber of Commerce, White Springs,
Board of Trade, Winter Haven, Polk County.
Board of Trade, Winter Park, Orange County.
Board of Trade, Zephyrhills, Hillsborough County.
All special detailed information relating to localities
covered by the organizations above named will be prompt-
ly supplied on application to same.
DIVISIONS OF THE STATE BY COUNTIES
Following are the subdivisions of the State, and the
counties contained each:
BEACH ON ST. ANDREWS BAY
Panama City, the county seat, has four hotels, one of
which, just completed, is a modern tourist hotel, with
hot-water heating system, electric light, all rooms with
connecting bath. Plans are under way for construction
of golf links.
It has pure artesion water.
The proceeds of a $375,000 bond issue now being ex-
pended on a system of improved roads throughout Bay
County. The ten-mile Bay Shore Drive is nearly com-
pleted and will connect Panama City with the towns of
Lynn Haven, St. Andrews, Millville, Bay Harbor, and
Parker. Regular ferry service has been established to
Cromanton and other points across the bay.
The Lynn Haven Hotel, recently completed, cost $75,-
000. "The Pines" Hotel at Panama City cost $100,000.
Panama City is a desirable resort, both summer and
The climate is as nearly perfect for those who want to
live out of doors every day in the year as can be found
on the American continent. Summer heat is tempered
by the cool breeze of the Gulf of Mexico. Winters are
balmy and springlike. Average temperature for sum-
mer months 83 degrees, and for winter months 51 degrees.
Two railroads touch St. Andrews Bay. The Atlanta
& St. Andrews Bay Railway Company with its northern
terminus at Dothan, where it is connected with the At-
lantic Coast Line and the Central of Georgia. This rail-
road crosses the L. & N. R. R. at Cottondale, Florida, and
its southern terminus is Panama City. The Birmingham,
Columbus & St. Andrews Railroad has its northern ter-
minus at Chipley, Florida, on the L. & N. R. R., and its
southern terminus on St. Andrews Bay at Southport.
A State Aid Road is under course of construction now
from both Chipley and Marianna, on road No. 1 to
Panama City. This road is about two-thirds finished and
will be ready for tourists this winter. There is an im-
proved road along the Bay itself for over thirty miles,
and the streets of all the towns are in good condition.
The towns on St. Andrews Bay have at the present time
hotel accommodations for about 750 people, with prices
MOI NING; ATICH UN ST. ANIltEWS BIAY
ranging from $8.00 to $25.00 per week. There are three
first-class hotels, modern in every respect, and are in
position to give excellent service. There are also quite
a lot of clean and comfortable boarding houses.
The rooming accommodations on St. Andrews Bay can
normally take care of about 500 people, but are elastic
and this number can be increased if necessary. Rooms
can be obtained from $2.00 per week up.
On account of the fact that there are miles and miles
of bay shore and perfectly ideal places upon the deep
water creeks and bayous that branch off from St. An-
drews Bay, there are almost innumerable opportunities
\ \ .-~.. for outdoor camping, at no cost whatever to the camper.
. Lynn Haven, St. Andrews and Panama City have all set
aside public camping grounds for the "tin can tourists."
There is no place in the United States where fishing is
better than it is in the St. Andrews Bay country. The
Gulf of Mexico and the Bay itself furnish opportunities
for salt wa;~r fshing. The bayous and creeks abound in
frelh,.wa 'Fr.r~lt (large mouth bass) and other fresh
water lfiis. Ike Wimico and the Dead Lakes, which are
known all over the South, are within easy motoring or
cruising distances from St. Andrews Bay. There are
many quail and turkeys in Bay County, and in some sec-
tions deer, bear and wild cats,-and there are simply
millions of ducks here every winter.
Lynn Haven is located on the North Arm of St. An-
drews Bay. For its scenic beauty it cannot be excelled
in the State of Florida. The North Arm of this Bay, with
its vast number of bayous and fresh streams entering the
Bay, and which abound in some of the most beautiful
scenery in Florida, makes this a veritable garden spot
for the tourist who enjoys fishing, boating, and pleasure
Good free camping grounds on the Bay shore, good
water, and out houses. Plenty of fishing, hunting and
bathing, and also a good playground where tennis, cro-
quet, and quoting pitching can be enjoyed.
The Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay R. R. to Millville
Junction, or Lynn Haven station, as it is now called, and
the Birmingham, Columbus & St. Andrews Bay R. R.
from Chipley to Southport, the Lynn Haven station,
In addition to playgrounds, they have the only cornet
brass band in that section of North Florida, which gives
weekly out-door concerts, free, to the public. They also
have regular Chautauqua season every winter, and the
Lyceum course, and free public library.
PORT ST. JOE
Located on St. Joseph's Bay, six miles from the Gulf
of Mexico, is The Delightful Moderate Price Resort of
West Florida; is the ideal spot for rest, recreation, and
is truly "The Sportsman's Paradise."
IHotel facilities are ample for the accommodation of
the tourist or visitor.
SALT WATER FISHING
St. Joseph's Bay abounds with fish of all kinds;
notably the "Tarpon" or "Silver King," "Sea Bass,"
"Speckled Trout," "Spanish Mackerel," "Pompano," etc.
The railroad pier, one-half mile in length, is noted as a
fishing place and every day you will find the followers of
Isaac Walton enjoying the sport.
St. Joseph's Bay is the only body of protected salt
water on the 'Gulf Coast into which no fresh water finds
its way, and is as "clear as a crystal." The bathing pool
is protected to the extent that no accident has ever hap-
pened. Commodious bath houses have been erected and
every day large parties enjoy a dip in the waters of the
Bay, and, only six miles away, you can enjoy the surf
bathing of the Gulf of Mexico.
The high banks of St. Andrews Bay are all well wooded,
and as the Bay itself is narrow and with irregular shore
lines, it is one of the prettiest places in the world for
cruising, as new vistas are constantly being presented to
the eye. Another attractive feature of St. Andrews Bay
is that there are innumerable bayous, practically all
navigable for pleasure boats, and many still, deep water
creeks flow into the Bay from all sides. One of the most
beautiful trips that could possibly be imagined is to
take a boat at River Junction and come down the Apala-
chicola River, then through the canal which the govern-
ment has dug into St. Andrews Bay.
Blountstown, on the Apalachicola river, is the county
seat. The Apalachicola river on the eastern boundary is
navigable for large steamers all the year around, and
several lines of fine boats ply its waters from Apalachicola
to Columbus, Ga., giving excellent transportation facili-
ties to the products of the county. The Chipola river,
running through nearly the whole county, is navigable
most of the year. Lake Chipola, near'the center of the
county, is sixteen miles long and from one to three miles
wide. It abounds in fish. The Chipola river passes
through it before emptying into the Apalachicola.
Calhoun county is sixty-five miles long and combines the
inland and seashore features of a winter resort. Small
game, fresh and salt-water fishing and bathing are here
in plenty. Come to the fairest peninsula and sport by
the briny waters of a fair and sunny clime.
There is no part of Florida that has not the climatic
conditions which attract the winter tourist. It is a ques-
tion as to what kind of outing one prefers as to where he
should make his season's visit.
Okaloosa county furnishes the quiet retreat, where the
long leaf pine puts balsom in the air, the voice of forest
choisters call to the nimrod and four-footed game find
This county borders the beautiful Choctawhatchee Bay
and furnish all the seashort sports.
Crestview is the county seat on the L. & N. railroad
which traverses the county from west to east. The Flor-
ida, Alabama and Gulf also extends through the northern
part of the county. Crestview is on the Jefferson Davis
Valparaiso is about fifty miles east of Pensacola, on
Choctawhatchie Bay, in Okalooso County. Its site is one
of the beauty spots of the Gulf coast. All around Val-
paraiso is the Florida National Forest, consisting of 422
square miles or nearly 300,000. This great national
forest preserve is open for the public for hunting, fishing
and camping. Through it is the government hard road to
Crestview in the north and Camp Walton in the south.
Pensacola, the county seat, the third largest city in the
State; the metropolis of West Florida, is situated on the
west shore of the best harbor in the entire south. The
commercial wharves are seven miles from the mouth of
the harbor and ten miles from the outer buoy from which
to the deeper water inside the bay, the U. S. engineers
are required by law to maintain a least depth of 30 feet
across the bar. As a fact, the least depth maintained is
always greater than 30 feet, and usually 33 feet.
Only city on the Gulf with no swamp environments.
Ninety-eight per cent. pure well water, rising to within
a few feet of the surface. Columbia University said:
"The purest water we ever analyzed." Dr. Brink, in
charge State Board of Health Laboratory, said: "It is
absolutely pure from a health standpoint."
Undulating land, with maximum elevation of 95 feet
above sea level. Abundant natural surface drainage, im-
proved by 55 miles of sewers.
Bay shore and bluff-banked bayous constitute beautiful
residence sections and affords delightful boating.
Few mosquitoes, because of topography, drainage and
lack of swamps.
Hunting is diversified, and of a fine order, and the fish-
ing is of the very best all the year.
Pensacola bay, which is large enough to accommodate
the navies of the world, is, in the opinion of many traveled
persons even more beautiful than the bay of Naples.
Only 448 acres of marsh in the 435,200 acres in Escam-
Pensacola today is one of the livest cities in the coun-
try, natural advantages being supplemented by intelli-
gent efforts and well directed organized movements.
Escambia county won first place in the agricultural
exhibits at the state fair at Jacksonville, in 1920. The
honor was attained in competition with nearly every
county in the northern part of the State and is a tribute
to the productiveness of West Florida soil.
Escambia county has good roads and will have the best
paved highways in the State when the expenditure of a
recent $2,000,000 bond issue is made.
Capacity of hotel accommodations between 600 and
700, prices ranging from $1.00 to $6.00 per day.
Ample private rooming accommodations; prices rang-
ing from $8.00 per month to $35.00 per month per room.
Well-equipped automobile tourist camp and facilities
for "Tin Can Tourists."
Unequalled opportunities for fishing, hunting and bath-
The Louisville & Nashville R. R. Co., with daily through
sleeping service from St. Louis. The Gulf, Florida &
Alabama R. R. Co.
Paved concrete roads connecting the city with sub-
urban towns and points of interest.
POINTS OF INTEREST
FROM L. & N. DEPOT No. 1 AND FROM G. F. & A.
DEPOT NO 12
BOAT LANDINGS, NO. 6
Take inbound East Hill car. Leave car at end of line.
(Palafox Street Wharf).
Take Belt line car, transfer to South Palafox Street
car. Leave car at end of line. (Palafox Street Wharf).
At this point excursion boats may be taken or private
launches may be hired for a trip across Pensacola Bay to
Santa Rosa Island bathing beach, where unexcelled surf
bathing may be enjoyed.
BAY SHORE CAR STATION, No. 7
Take inbound East Hill car at Depot. Leave car at
Main and Palafox Streets.
Take Belt car, transfer to South Palafox Street. Leave
car at Main and Palafox Streets.
Cars leave this station every forty-five minutes for the
Country Club, Palmetto Beach, Naval Aeronautic Sta-
tion and Fort Barrancas.
At the Naval Aeronautic Station flying machines of
the latest types are in flight daily, except Sunday, under
guidance of naval aviators. This station is the only avia-
tion school conducted by the U. S. Navy.
At Fort Barrancas seven companies of the Coast Ar-
tillery Corps are stationed to man the guns protecting
Pensacola Harbor. Permission may be secured at Fort
Barrancas to visit Forts McRee and Pickens at the harbor
entrance. Fort Pickens, on the western end of Santa
Rosa Island, was the only fort in the Southern States not
captured by the Confederate forces during the Civil
Between Fort Barrancas, which faces the entrance to
the harbor, and the beach, is Fort San Carlos, built by
the Spanish, under Don Andres de Ariola, in 1696. This
fort has had a varied history. In 1719 it was captured
by a party of French from Mobile. In 1723 it was re-
stored to Spain by France, and in 1763 was ceded by
Spain to Great Britain. In 1781 the Spanish took pos-
session of it by force and held it until 1814, when it was
recaptured by the British. Their success, however, was
short lived, as during the same year it was captured by
the American forces under General Jackson. In 1818 it
was again captured by General Jackson, and in 1821
Florida was ceded to the United States, thus bringing to
an end the wars that had waged around Fort San Carlos
and Pensacola for more than a hundred years.
BaY VIEW PARK, No. 8
Take outbound East Hill car and transfer to Bay View
Park car at 13th Street and Sixteenth Avenue.
Take Belt line car to Transfer Station. Transfer to
outbound East Hill car and again transfer to Bay View
Pensacola waters abound in the finest of game fish.
The bayous opening into the bay, the bay itself, Santa
Rosa Sound and the fresh water rivers tributary to Pen-
sacola and Escambia Bays offer splendid fishing grounds.
The Chamber of Commerce or the hotel managements
will be glad to assist in arranging fishing parties.
PENSACOLA As AN ALL-YEAR RESORT
Pensacola's prime appeal to the people of all climes is
its uniformly pleasant climate the year round. Its ideal
location on the Gulf-far enough south to be out of the
ice belt in the winter and at the same time so close to the
waters of the Gulf as to receive the full effects of its
cooling breeze throughout the summer.
As a winter resort, people from the North will find the
climate of Pensacola unexcelled, a delightful relief from
the extreme cold of the North.
In summer people from the inland cities of the South
and West will find in Pensacola an easily accessible and
ideal summer watering place. The invigorating breezes
from the 'Gulf act as a tonic to those who are accus-
tomed to the intense humidity of inland atmospheres
SANTA ROSA COUNTY
The special point of historic interest near Milton is
Floridatown, about eight miles, which point General
Jackson crossed Escambia Bay to Pensacola when he took
that town in the war of 1812.
Blackwater and Yellow rivers are beautiful streams for
boat trips. The saw mills of the Bagdad Land & Lumber
Company at Bagdad, one mile from Milton, is one of the
oldest saw mills in the south, having been established in
1848. Oakland is a beautiful site in view at the head of
St. Mary DeGalvez Bay in the village of Bagdad.
Milton has one commercial hotel, with 12 rooms and
annex, the prices ranging from $2.50 up. There are four
rooming houses with accommodations of fifteen to twenty
each, with prices ranging around $2.00 per day.
The capacity of private rooming is fifteen homes with
furnished rooms ranging from $10.00 to $15.00 per month.
The topography is ideal for camping parties. On the
-continuation of Berry Hill street there is a nice grove
free to use. There is another beautiful grove at Oakland
at the head of the bay, which is also free to use if the
premises are kept clean. Just across the river from Mil-
ton is another beautiful grove which is also open.
There are several bathing places around Milton, the
favorites being Robinson Point, about five miles south of
Milton on St. Mary DeGalvez Bay and Floridatown, about
eight miles west of Milton at the head of Escambia Bay
for salt-water bathing, and for fresh water bathing there
are Pond Creek, Clear Creek and Blackwater and Yellow
Quail shooting is exceptionally fine in this section.
There are a few wild turkey and deer, a few of which are
killed each season. No place in Florida furnishes better
fresh water fish than Escambia, Blackwater and Yellow
rivers. The salt-water fish is also fine in St. Mary De-
Galvez and Escambia Bays. Red fish, salt and fresh
water Trout, several species of Brim, Jack, Pike, Flound-
ers, Sheephead and Mullet are among the many varieties
of fish caught.
The railroads serving Milton are the P. & A. division
of the Louisville & Nashville from Pensacola to River
Junction and the F. & A. railroad from Bagdad to Whitey,
Alabama. There are two trains on the Louisville & Nash-
ville each way per day, and connections are excellent for
New Orleans, Birmingham, Atlanta and other points as
well as to Jacksonville.
Milton is on the main line of the Old Spanish Trail,
and there is a fair road from the Missing Link Ferry at
Floridatown to Milton. The road is brick from Milton
six miles east and thence on to the county line and from
fifty to seventy-five miles eastward of excellent sand-clay
construction. From Milton northward there is a fair dirt
road to Brewton, Alab:una, and another to Pollard, Ala-
bama. There are fair roads through the county connect-
ing the different villages to the county seat and with each
A National forest reserve is in Santa Rosa county.
Holmes is one of the north tier counties bordering Ala-
bama. If in search of a quiet retreat where you can play
while the blizzards are visiting the north, you can find it
in the woods along the streams of Holmes county.
Transportation facilities are excellent. The Pensacola
& Atlantic division of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad
passes through the center of the county. The Choctow-
hatchie River, a stream navigable all the year from St.
Joseph's Bay to Geneva, Alabama, a distance of over 200
miles, runs through the county, giving water communica-
tion with Gulf ports, and insuring cheap rates.
The healthfulness of this section is unsurpassed. Ponce
de Leon Spring, one of the natural curiosities of the State,
is in this county. Around this famous spring was the
camping ground of the noted Spaniard, Ponce de Leon,
the waters of which were supposed to be the life-giving
elixir for which he sought.
The towns of the county are Bonifay, the county seat,
Cerro Gordo, Holmes, Izagora, Ponce de Leon, Union and
Westville. The latter are the principal shipping points.
Marianna, the county seat of Jackson County, Florida,
is located at the junction of the Bee Line Highway and
the Old Spanish Trail. It is a beautiful little city of
about 3,500 people, and is one of the oldest towns in the
State of Florida.
Jackson County is one of the most fertile counties in
the States, and has much scenic beauty. Blue Spring,
located about six miles from Marianna, is one of the
natural wonders of the State of Florida. It is a little
river flowing out of a limestone cave.
Jackson Cave, near Marianna, is another natural won-
der. This is a very large cave, with beautiful stalactites
in it, viewing with many of the larger caves of Kentucky
and Virginia. Then there is the natural bridge formed
by the beautiful Chipola River sinking beneath the sur-
face of the earth just north of Marianna and coming out
again in all its beauty and grandeur to flow on to the
Gulf of Mexico.
In Jackson County is located several thriving towns
with good hotel accommodations. Marianna has two
good hotels that can accommodate several hundred guests.
Besides there are rooming and boarding houses. The
price of these accommodations range from 50 cents a
night per person to $3.25 a night; the last named figures
The Chamber of Commerce at Marianna has provided
an excellent tourist camp, with running water and sew-
erage connections into the camp. It is one of the prettiest
camp sites in Florida, and the people of Marianna ex-
tend a welcome to all tourists to take advantage of this
There is no finer section in the entire Southeast for
the sportsman. Game fish and fish of all kinds abound
in the lakes and streams of Jackson County. In the
forests wild deer roam at will. Here the timid quail sings
his plaintive "bob-white." While upon the placid waters
of the beautiful Chipola River, and other lakes and
other lakes and streams, are to be found the wild geese
and ducks in countless numbers.
The Louisville & Nashville, the Atlanta & St. Andrews
Bay, and the Alabama and Florida railroads serve Jack-
son County in every direction.
Jackson County has more than 500 miles of good sand
clay roads, which run out in all directions.
Every day in the year is a good day to have a good time
here. Today it may be hunting, tomorrow fishing, and
the next day boating, while bathing in the quiet waters
of the Bay or surf bathing in the Gulf beyond the reef
is an every-day delight. There's better and more varied
material here with which to gratify the desire for outdoor
life than perhaps can be found in any section of equal
extent either south or north.
Mosquitoes are practically unknown, as there is always
a breeze from the Gulf, which keeps them far inland.
The waters of Choctawhatchee Bay and the Gulf
abound in salt water fish, and the inland lakes and
streams are filled with many fresh water varieties. The
catches made are remarkable. Black bass, bream,
pickerel, pike, speckled trout, redfish, bluefish, Spanish
mackerel, red snapper and other varieties are most plen-
tiful. Some of these bite at all hours of the day. Tarpon
fishing here is unexcelled.
There is no place in the country where the fishing is
so uniformly good, both summer and winter, and where
the man who loves lo try his "luck" as well as skill with
rod and reel can get so much "action" as well as satis-
Oysters are also to be found in quantity and one may
rake in enough to fill the bottom of a small boat in two
or three hours.
In the winter the Bay is fairly alive with nearly every
kind of wild fowl. Ducks and wild geese are here in
seeming millions. You can shoot as many as you desire
every day until they migrate in the spring. They come
in seeming clouds, fill the surface of the water, and in
the distance often look like huge floating islands.
If you have ever taken a trip through the Thousand
Islands of the St. Lawrence or up the Hudson of New
York you will always retain in memory a picture of scenic
grandeur. You may think that there is nothing else in
America that can compare with what you have seen; but
there is, and we're going to tell you about it.
Take the mail boat at Pensacola any morning and make
the trip across Pensacola Bay, through Santa Rosa Sound
and across Choctawhatchee Bay. You will enjoy the
most memorable excursion of your life. The constantly
changing view is so wonderful and so gloriously beauti-
ful that you will say that nothing else in the United
States could possibly compare with it.
For the most part the mainland is a high sloping shore
covered with oak festooned with Spanish moss, inter-
spersed with beautiful magnolias and an endless variety
of semi-tropical verdure. Bird life abounds here and the
bird calls, the singing of thousands of mocking birds and
other sweet-toned warblers, fills the wildwood with a
gladness and re-echoes in the soul of every lover of nature
in its primeval purity.
The waters of Santa Rosa Sound and Choctawhatchee
Bay are protected from the Gulf by a narrow strip of
land known as Santa Rosa Island, and at the eastern
end of the south shore of the Bay by a narrow peninsula
extending to East Pass. This forms a land-locked water-
way, free from storms, surf and breakers, except on rare
occasions, and provides an ideal course for motor boating
seventy miles long. Some of the nearby rivers are navi-
gable for small boats. There are hundreds of miles of
this river shore line, where the scenery is really the most
picturesque it were possible to imagine.
The government forest reserve of 270,000 acres, equal
in land area to forty-two square miles, is only a few
miles from Valparaiso. This great tract is the home of
many species of wild animals, including deer, fox, wild
turkeys, quail and squirrel. When you tire of fishing and
duck shooting on Gulf and Bay, you can motor in half
an hour to Uncle Sam's "happy hunting ground" and
have the time of your life.
The L. & N. traverses the county from east to west.
Choctawhatchie River is navigable and the bay of the
same name gives water route to Pensacola.
De Funiak Springs is 300 feet above sea level. It has
long been noted for its Chautauqua courses.
Santa Rosa, Walton County, Florida, is off the beaten
path of the Florida tourist, and for those who want the
close in society, of those who seek the State for social as
well as its summer climate in winter, Santa Rosa is no
place for them. But for those who want the quiet of the
woods, and the finest fishing in the South, with a camp on
the Gulf Coast, Santa Rosa is an ideal place. There are
about thirty miles of gulf beach, mostly hard wood ham-
mocks for shade, with the best water, with the finest fish-
ing on either side, in the gulf or in the bay. Then' the
coastal lakes, some fresh water full of the big-mouthed
bass. The gulf in calm weather is fine for all salt water
fish, the red snapper, the sea trout, the blue fish, and
mackerel, the pompano and many other kinds too numer-
ous to mention.
You can camp in almost any spot along this length of
coast, and still be within reach of a store for your sup-
plies. Chickens and eggs, milk and butter will be brought
to your camp by the people who live on the peninsular.
Fresh meats of all kinds can be had several times a week,
so if you want to camp out, enjoy life with small expense,
write to the Santa Rosa Board of Trade, Santa Rosa,
Florida, for full directions as to how best to reach them.
They will arrange for a camp site for you in advance,
bring your coon dog with you, a few raps, etc., and then
if you want to spend the winter close to nature, come on
down and get back your health if you have lost it, and
if you still have it, add ten more years to it by spending
a winter on the Gulf Coast at Santa Rosa.
Washington County is located in the western portion
of the State. Vernon, a thriving little town, is the county
site situated on Holmes river, a tributary of Choctaw-
hatchee. Surrounding country is some of the best farm-
ing 'lands in the State; also has lumber and naval stores
interests. Means of transportation, steamers plying
Holmes and Choctawhatchee rivers to Pensacola, and the
Louisville and Nashville Railroad. From this point is
manufactured and shipped the largest amount of naval
stores. Means of transportation are by steamers and
sailing vessels to Pensacola. Only a few miles south of
there, on the Gulf, is the summer resort known as Gray-
Econfina, in the eastern part of the county, is located
on the Econfina river. It is a settlement of experienced
farmers and successful stock raisers. Here is found the
light yellow loam lands that have been in cultivation
for 45 years, and still producing large crops without
the assistance of any fertilizers. Near this settlement
and through the center and western part of the county
are to be found numerous large and beautiful lakes
abounding in many varieties of fresh water fish, and
called the fisherman's paradise.
St. Andrews Bay, in the southern part of the county, is
located on a large bay bearing the same name and widely
known as the winter resort for the north and a summer
resort for the south, and considered the healthiest resort
on the Gulf Coast.
Dixie County borders the Gulf on the southwest. The
A. C. L. Railroad crosses the new county. This road and
the Suwannee river furnishes outlets for the great naval
stores and timber interests of the county.
If hotels, and immaculate linen due to be worn seven
days in the week, do not appeal to you, but the smell of
the pine, the cloistered retreat, the woods camp, do find
response in your longing, then here is a chance to spend
days in idle pleasure away from throbbing industry and
the searching boreas of the North.
Dixie is a baby county, having been born in July, 1921.
The smiling infant will welcome you with outstretched
The county seat is Apalachicola, situated on beautiful
"Saint Georges Sound"' and at the mouth of one of the
South's greatest system of inland rivers, 25 miles from old
"St. Joseph," the seat of the first Constitutional Conven-
tion, now entirely extinct, and the location to be marked
by a monument supplied by State appropriation. A beau-
tiful shell road drive connects the two points.
Apalachicola has three hotels, with accommodations
for 100 guests.
Private rooming accommodations for a hundred or
more; prices for rooms ranging from $2.00 per week up-
Opportunities for outdoor camping are excellent. The
city has two beautiful parks, both fronting upon the
Sound, with southern exposure.. Water supplied to both
parks. Outside city limits ample accommodations along
the shore front and lying upon the shell road for an un-
Fishing, hunting and bathing cannot be equalled in all
Florida. The greatest variety in salt water fishing is
found among the natural oyster reefs in the Sound, and
the many inland streams and lakes abound in fresh water
fish in variety. Hunting is a great sport of this section.
The river swamps abound in deer, bear, turkey, squirrel,
and the coast section in geese and ducks. The bathing
beaches of the section are unequalled. The broad open
gulf beach is accessible to the automobile and offers a nat-
Railroads: Apalachicola Northern, connecting with the
A. C. L., L. & N., and S. A. L., at River Junction. Geor-
gia, Florida and Alabama Railway, connecting at Talla-
hassee with the S. A. L., the latter line offering a most
attractive trip through St. George Sound from Carrabelle,
a distance of 26 miles. Besides these a magnificent river
trip is offered from either Columbus, Ga., or Bainbridge,
Ga., two distinct river lines maintaining a regular
schedule, with excellent passenger accommodations for 60
passengers. A coastwise steamship line, operating from
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla., upon a weekly schedule
with first-class passenger accommodations.
Apalachicola is the terminus of the "National North
and South Bee Line Highway," from the Great Lakes to
the Gulf, entering Florida near Marianna, thence south
through Calhoun County and the beautiful lakes section
with its par-excellent fishing, and over a hard shell road
through lower Calhoun and Franklin along the shore line,
70 miles through Callahan and 14 miles through Frank-
Apalachicola is on the direct route of the Mississippi-
Atlantic canal, coming through beautiful St. George
Sound; 7,135 acres of natural oyster reefs; four canning
plants, canning oysters and shrimp. The home of Flor-
ida's sea foods.
The topography of the county is generally rolling, and
in some sections quite hilly, the greatest elevation in the
county being given as 373 feet.
Gadsden is one of the finest agricultural counties of
Florida, and for many years has been among the prosper-
ous sections of the State. Her lands are excellent,
ranging in character from heavy red clay, with forests
of hard wood timber, to light sandy soil, with growth of
pine timber and have for years been a source of wealth
to her citizens. No county in Florida, has better facili-
ties for water power than Gadsden. There is scarcely a
township in the county that has not one or more water
powers capable of doing the grinding, sawing and other
domestic manufacturing for the neighborhood, and in.
many places these advantages are such that some day they
must attract the attention of mill-men, who are on the
lookout for eligible sites for manufactories in the south.
Gadsden county is one of the largest producers of shade
tobacco in the country. Curls of smoke go up from many
a cigar wrapped with Gadeden grown leaf. This tobacco
took the gold medal at the Paris Exposition. This county
produces about 85 per cent. of the Sumatra shade-grown
tobacco raised in the United States.
Chattahoochee, or River Junction, practically one, is
the seat of the State Asylum for the Insane, and is the
junction of the S. A. L. and A. C. L. railroad systems,.
and also has steamboat connection with Columbus, Ga.,
and intermediate towns, and also with Apalachicdla on
** '-*'' "'
MINING FULLERS EARTII
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The only mineral deposits of special value known, is
Fullers Earth; the county also abounds in fine kaolin
clays, but only the Fullers Earth has been mined for
Quincy, the county seat, is a thriving town with all
modern conveniences for the traveling public. The Old
Spanish Trail-Florida-to-California Transcontinental
Highway-traverses the county. The new highway from
Columbus, Georgia, to Apalachicola will pass through
The tourist sportsman will enjoy a trip to this county.
Small game, fresh water fishing are at hand, and deep sea
fishing in the Gulf can be readily reached from Quincy.
There are over 500 miles of roads in the county and 300
are good sand-clay.
Quincy has two hotels and there are many rooms avail-
able for sojourners. Reasonable rates by day, week or
month can be had.
In the matter of water there is not a county in the
State that can begin to compare with Hamilton. Rivers
form three of her boundary lines and the Alopolia river
flows through it from north to south. Large creeks,
many in number, tributary to these rivers, flow through
the county, while branches and springs abound every-
where. The artesian well at Jasper affords water which
excite the admiration of all who taste it, while the sul-
phur springs at White Springs is visited by thousands
annually to obtain the benefit of its healing waters. The
Wesson mineral spring, near White Springs, also pos-
sesses rare medicinal properties and its waters are used
by thousands. Pure freestone water can be procured
almost anywhere, except in the phosphate region at a
depth of eighteen to twenty-five feet.
The bed of the Alapaha river, which is dry for a few
miles from an immense sink where it runs underground,
except in times of freshet, is said by experts to be the
finest glass-making sand in the world. The forests abound
with fine timber and the hammocks are covered with hard
woods, such as hickory, various kinds of oak, magnolia,
The natural curiosities of the county are many and
they never fail to excite the admiration of the beholder.
Shady Pond, just east from Jasper, with its floating
islands and sulphur springs; the Devil's den, a large
cavern; Octahatchie Lake with its subterranean passages,
and the many rivers and creeks which spring up from
the earth, run a few miles and then disappear, all excite
wonder and curiosity.
Hamilton county is the sportsman's delight. Quail,
ducks, doves and squirrels abound while fish are in every
river and pond and stream.
The county has ample transportation facilities. The
Atlantic Coast Line Railway runs through the county
from north to south and the Georgia Southern and Flor-
ida Railway runs through from northeast to southeast,
crossing each other at Jasper. These railways with their
connections form continuous lines from Tampa to New
York and from Miami to Chicago.
White Springs, situated on the G. S. & F. railway anti
on the Suwannee river, is eighteen miles from Jasper
and eleven miles from Lake City. It is more widely known
than any town of its size in the Union. Thousands visit
it annually. Many for the sake of deriving benefit from
the healing waters of its magnificent sulphur spring,
many others resort Ihere for the social enjoyment which
is there to be found, and many more because of the cheap
living which can there be obtained.
Jefferson County, with Monticello as the county seat,
is very suggestive. Our statesmen of the old school have
been amply remembered in Florida.
Topographically, Monticello neither needs or desires
any further favor from Dame Nature. It is constructed
upon gentle slopes and drained by pleasant valleys, which
lead to the Aucilla river on the east and the Miccossukie
Lake upon the west, and these "catch basins," distant
respectively nine and three miles, are a guaranty of pure
air and sound sanitary conditions, rarely equalled, and
never surpassed, by any other locality in the State. In-
deed, the location is a natural watershed, free from de-
pression, and he who built first upon this spot built wise-
ly. It is the abiding place of an intelligent, moral, refined
people, who learned well, and remember ever, the lessons
of that cordial Southern hospitality which sometimes,
nowadays, is spoken of in less favored communities as an
This county is bounded on the east by the Aucilla
River and extends from Georgia to the 'Gulf of Mexico.
The S. A. L. and the A. C. L. furnish transportation
facilities. It is one of the champion pecan producing
counties of the South, and exports more watermelon
seed than any other county in the world.
LaFayette County is bounded on the east by the Su-
wannee River-which furnishes steamboat transporta-
tion to the Gulf ports. The Georgia Southern & Florida
and the L. O. P. & G. railroads, with branches, furnish
The south half of the county was cut off in 1921 and
formed therefrom the new political division of Dixie
Leon County has many points of scenic and historic
interest. It has the State Capitol, the State Supreme
Court building, the Florida State College for Women,
and the A. & M. College for negroes.
The Capitol itself is being doubled in size and will be
one of the most complete and ample capitol buildings in
The Meridian Stone is located here, from which all
surveyor's calculations of lands are reckoned.
One and a half miles west of the city, and overlooking
it, is the site of old Fort St. Louis. It was erected and
manned by the French before the days of settlement.
Leaving the main eastern front of the Capitol via
LaFayette Street, out a few miles is the land voted by
Congress to General Marquis de LaFayette as a token of
gratitude for the services of the French general during
the Revolutionary War.
Southwest of the city is the home of Prince Achille
Murat, the nephew of Napoleon the Great. In the Epis-
copal cemetery this member of the royal family sleeps
beside his Virginia wife.
Near the Governor's Mansion is the home of "The
Tallahassee Girl," made famous by Maurice Thompson in
his novel of that name. The mansion was once the home
of Governor Call.
'3-.. - a2
I" I B-llfi=
Out in the country are the large estates of many who
have their winter homes here as a retreat from the marts
of the busy world in colder climes. Notably among these
is the Fleischman estate. The great yeast magnate se-
lected Leon County as the ideal place for a southern home
and place for winter sports. -The Ronalds estate is an-
other instance of a man with means selecting Leon
County for a pleasure ground and winter home. Mr.
Ronalds' native home is in "Bonny Scotland." There is
also the "Horse Shoe Plantation" of Mr. Griscom, who
farms to his taste here, as does Vanderbilt at Biltmore.
There is the Tiers estate, the exclusive stateliness of
which reminds one of the feudal estates of the Old World.
People who have previously spent winters in South
Florida, have come to Tallahassee and spent the winter,
preferring the climate of 300 feet altitude and cool re-
freshing winter mornings. The average annual tempera-
ture is 66.8 F. No use being afraid of cold when it don't
ADMINISTRATION BUILDING FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
Situated on the main branch of the Dixie Highway, the
Old Spanish Trail, and being the southern terminus of
the north and south Bee Line Highway, the citizens of
Leon County have recognized the value of good roads,
and a system of hard-surfaced roads giving easy access
to the surrounding country is the result of their belief
in the value in such highways. It is easy to reach Talla-
hassee in an automobile, and hundreds of cars pass
through the city daily, many of them en route to or re-
turning from the 'Gulf, just twenty miles to the south.
In the hunting season, from November to March, the
roads are alive with parties on pleasure bent, and no-
where in the United States may better hunting and fish-
ing be found than around Tallahassee. In the Pinhook
section, a few minutes drive from the city, the .sport is
deer hunting, while on the St. Marks River and the Wa-
kulla River, no farther removed, fresh and salt water
fishing and duck hunting furnish the sport alluring.
To the motorist, the country around Tallahassee, with
its hard surfaced roads, its hills and lakes, is a veritable
paradise. And it is significant that those who have once
visited the Hill City invariably return. Lest we be
charged with extravagance, we submit the statement,
susceptible of easy corroboration that one gentleman has
for twenty-five years maintained a hunting lodge near
Tallahassee for the use of himself and friends, and that
he has yearly during the time come all the way from
Scotland, where he lives, to spend two months on the
estate he loves so well. Only once has he failed to come,
and that year the war made ocean travel impossible.
The Capital City is immensely proud of its golf course,
which, like the town i self, is situated upon the hills, and
furnishes a course for sporty play. The Hill City Golf
Course, as it is called, is one of the two courses in all
Florida which is not laid out on practically level
ground. The club which controls the course is diligent
in its supervision over the links, and the result is a splen-
did course at every season of the year. In the winter a
professional golfer of nation-wide fame presides over the
course and the many who take advantage of this diversion
declare that there is no better ground in all Florida. The
course was planned by H. H. Barker, one of the foremost
golf course constructors of this country, who was for
several years with the famous Garden City Club of New
York. Mr. Barker says that this course is as rugged as
the famous course at Brookline. The natural hazards
and picturesque setting would be difficult to surpass.
Tournaments are held several times each season. Talla-
hassee is only twenty miles from the Gulf, where fine salt
water fishing and bathing can be enjoyed. St. Marks
can be reached by rail or automobile. Near Tallahassee
are fine mineral spring resorts, whose waters have bene-
fited invalids for more than fifty years past.
Near Tallahassee is the finest hunting in Florida-
deer, duck, quail and wild turkey. Excellent fishing,
boating and bathing can be enjoyed practically the entire
year and are within easy reach by automobile.
Tallahassee has ample hotel and private rooming ac-
commodations at reasonable prices and visitors find many
opportunities for relaxation and enjoyment. No outdoor
camp for tourists is maintained by the city, but there is
a number of groves not far out which may be used and
are used for camping purposes by those passing through
Tallahassee is served by the Seaboard Air Line Rail-
way and the Georgia, Florida and Alabama Railway.
Liberty county is situated on the eastern side of the
Apalachicola river, separated from the Gulf by Franklin
county, of which Apalachicola is the port for both coun-
ties. Besides other numerous streams along the whole of
the west border is the Apalachicola river, giving connec-
tion with Columbus, Ga., Eufaula, Ala., and several hun-
dred miles of navigation in these states.
Bristol, the county seat, is on a bluff a short half mile
from the river, on the east bank of which is to be found
the forest of Tumion taxifolium trees.
Of these trees, the United States Forest Service says:
"The specimen sent for identification is now technically
known as Tumion taxifolium (Arnott) Greene.
"Its various common names include Florida Torreya,
Stinking Cedar, Savin, Torrey Tree, Stinking Savin and
Fetid Yew (of English literature). It was first described
botanically in 1838 as Torreya taxifolium Arnott, a name
by which it was known to botanists until 1891, when it
was discovered that the genus Tumion of Refinesque was
the proper group in which to place this species. From
then on it is correctly known to botanists as Tumion taxi-
"This tree is supposed to have been discovered in west-
ern Florida by H. B. Croom in 1833, being technically
described five years later. H. B. Croom was a native of
Lenoir county, N. C., and published the American Journal
of Science in 1833 and 1834, dying in 1836."
"What wood was used by Noah in the construction of
his famous Ark is not definitely known. It was supposed
to have been made from 'gopher wood.' There are at the
present time five or six species of American woods that
are commonly called 'gopher wood,' and these trees are
not found in any other part of the world, except in North
America. It is hardly possible, therefore, that any of
these could have furnished the material for the Ark."
Dr. Roland M. Harper, Geographer of the Geological
Survey of Alabama, several years ago published a pamph-
let on Tumion Taxifolium, in which he declared that this
tree was celebrated in botanical circles because of its
"very restricted distribution, and its belonging to a genus
which was wide-spread in pre-historic times, but is now
practically confined to Florida, California and Japan.
The Apalachicola river affords splendid fishing oppor-
tunities, and the forests have abundant small game.
Transportation facilities are furnished by the Apalach-
icola river and by the Apalachicola Northern railroad.
Madison county is located in the extreme northern part
of Florida and touches Georgia on the north. Madison,
the county seat, is on the main line of the S. A. L. R. R.,
110 miles directly west of Jacksonville and 55 miles east
of Tallahassee, the State capital. It is about 250 miles
south of Atlanta, Georgia. The distance from the south
end of Madison county to the Gulf only about 30 miles.
In addition to being on the main line of the S. A. L.
R. R,. running between Jacksonville and Pensacola, Mad-
ison is at present, the southern terminus of the Georgia
& Florida Railroad which extends from Madison to Au-
gusta, Georgia. Excellent northern connections are made
with all the leading roads coming into the southeast.
The Town of Madison is one of the oldest in the State.
The present City Park now filled with magnificent Live
Oaks at one time was a stockade used for protection
against the attacks of the Indians. All evidence of these
Indian attacks have passed away and around the old
stockade have grown up the magnificent live oaks for
which Madison is famous. The people of the town and
county are distinctly southern. Few sections of the south
have more successfully combined the old southern senti-
ment with the progressive forces of other sections than
this county. The people have the hospitality for which
the south has been famous and welcome the settler from
The State of Florida contains over 2,000 lakes and
Madison County has her share. These are all clear bodies
of water and abound in fish. They all furnish an abund-
ant water supply for stock and for purposes of irriga-
tion. The underground water supply of Madison county
is worthy of mention. At from 75 to 200 feet in any sec-
tion of the county a strong flow of the purest water can
be obtained. There are in the county, hundreds of deep
wells that furnish excellent water to the citizens.
Madison county is located on the National Highway
extending from New York to Jacksonville. The county
has an abundance of clay and other road-building mate-
rials. The citizens are becoming greatly interested in
the question of building better roads, and it is only a
matter of a short time until excellent hard-surfaced roads
will be in all parts of the county.
Few sections of the country are more attractive to the
lover of sports than Madison County. The lakes and
rivers are full of fish. The fields abound in quail and the
forests in the southern part of the county contain deer
and wild turkey.
The large plantations of comparatively level or gently
rolling fields, furnish ideal quail shooting. Many come
from the northern states to spend from one to five months
of each year, to enjoy these features of sporting life.
A free tourist camp is being established at Ellaville.
The county is almost one great pine forest, inter-
spersed here and there with bays and swamps filled with
cypress and cedar.
Taylor County has a long coast line, and the fishing in-
dustry affords employment to many during the season for
taking salt fish. At Cedar Island, Spring Creek, Dolly's
Creek may be found in abundance the finest variety of
oysters along the Gulf Coast of Florida. All kinds of
fowls seen in Florida are found along the coast during the
winter months. Beside the salt fish, every creek and
river is teeming with all the fresh water fish known in this
section of the country, and can be had only for the tak-
ing. The forest abounds in all kinds of game seen in
Florida, and may be called the sportsman's paradise,
business man's haven of rest, and a panacea for the ails
and diseases of the sick. The long tresses of beautiful
moss fanned by the gentle breezes of the Gulf, can but
rest the wearied brain, and sooth the aching limbs of him
who suffers pain from any malady.
Among the attractions of the county are Econfenee,
Hampton and Emerson Springs, the Hampton being the
most noted. The sparkling waters of this spring bring
forth from the great laboratories of nature, remedies for
many diseases that cannot be reached by the treatment of
skillful physicians. After one has spent some time at one
of these springs, he will feel like he has really visited the
"Fountain of Youth," so eagerly sought by Ponce de
There are three railroads in the county-the Suwannee
and San Pedro, the South Georgia, the West Coast Rail-
road and the Tallahassee Southeastern. Perry is the
county seat and largest commercial center.
Crawfordville is the county seat and central business
point of the county.
Transportation facilities are good, two railroads tra-
verse from north to south, the entire county. A branch
of the Seaboard Air Line runs from Tallahassee to St.
Maiks, and the Carrabelle, Tallahassee and Gulf from
Tallahassee to Carrabelle. Water transportation is also
had from Newport to lhe Gulf, and via the Ocklocknee
river to the Gulf, through Crooked river at Carrabelle.
The famous Wakulla Spring, of world-wide reputation,
is located in this county, about seventeen miles south of
Tallahassee and about two and a half miles northeast of
Apalachee Bay and the Ocklocknee river furnish Wa-
kulla County with as fine fishing grounds as can be found.
The great forests furnish habitation for wild game. The
long-leaf pine and gulf breezes furnish a wholesome tonic
for the health seekers.
STREET IN GAINESVILLE NEAR HIGHII SCHOOL
Alachua County is situated in the center of the State.
Gainesville, the county seat, is the home of the State Uni-
versity-giving it exceptional educational advantages.
This "Evergreen College City" has a winter population of
10,000 and a summer population of 7,000. It has one of
the best outdoor camps for tourists in the State. The
State Tourists' Jubilee was held there March 15-18, 1921.
Gainesville is on the Dixie Highway, and has three
railroads-the A. C. L., the S. A. L., and the Tampa and
The city has the famous Boulware Springs water; 100
per cent. pure.
Fishing, boating and outdoor living all the year round.
The county has seventy-five miles of asphalt roads, and
is spending a million on good roads.
Ample accommodations in rooming apartments and
Six hotels, with 235 rooms at reasonable prices, furnish
accommodations to suit the needs of the traveling pub-
Alachua is one of the finest agricultural counties of
Bradford County shares the common characteristics
of the northern counties of the State. It is suited to gen-
eral farming, live stock, fruit growing and trucking. The
county is well supplied with lakes and small streams.
Four railroads furnish transportation facilities-Geor-
gia Southern and Florida, S. A. L., and the Gainesville
and Gulf. Stark is the county seat. In 1921 the county
was divided with the New river as the boundary line be-
tween Bradford and Union County.
Union County is very similar to Bradford and Baker
Counties. It is reached by rail by the S. A. L. and the
Georgia Southern and Florida Railroads. Lake Butler
is the county seat and largest town.
If you want to pass your winter in a farming commun-
ity, Union County offers an opportunity-in common
with practically all the northern counties of the State.
This is one of the counties created in 1921.
Baker is second from the Atlantic in the north tier of
counties. Bounded on the north by St. Marys river.
The celebrated Glen St. Mary Nursery is located in this
The city of Jacksonville is but an hour's ride by auto-
mobile and on a good road. The Seaboard Air Line
crosses it from east to west.. The A. C. L. crosses the
southeast corner of the county.
The usual winter sports of hunting and fishing in for-
est and stream are to be had.
Macclenny is the county seat and quite accessible by
rail or good road, being on a direct line from Jackson-
ville to Tallahassee and the Gulf cities of Apalachicola
The county seat of Clay county is beautiful Green Cove
Springs. It has five hotels, rates $1 to $5 per day. An
up-to-date tourist camping ground, all conveniences
gratis: Capacity, 500. Golf and tennis courts.
TRAIN, BOAT AND AUTO SERVICE
Three A. C. L. trains leave Jacksonville daily for Green
Cove Springs, viz: 11:30 a. m., 2:30 p. m. and 10:30 p. m.,
and three trains leave Green Cove Springs daily for Jack-
The steamer May Garner makes daily trips to Jackson-
ville leaving Green Cove Springs in the morning and re-
turning in the afternoon.
;r.T-~-~E~L~l-- .-- 42
Srb; flSt~C_~ --hi F~q;
FLORIDA MILITARY ACADEMY
The Magnolia makes daily trips from Jacksonville.
The Independent Line ot Steamers operates the May
Garner and the Magnolia, and there are many beautiful
side trips to the home of Harriet Beecher Stowe, the
authoress of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," to Middleburg, orange
groves and other interesting points.
The Green Cove Springs Bus Line operates a com-
fortable bus to Jacksonville daily over the hard road.
There is a fine Macadam road from Jacksonville wind-
ing along the river bank to Orange Park; thence through
a picturesque and tropical country to Green Cove
Springs, where the Motor Club is a member of the Amer-
ican Automobile Association.
MAGNOLIA SPRINGS IS THE HOME OF THE FLORIDA MILITARY
AND NAVAL ACADEMY
The Academy, the main building of which is here
shown, occupies a beautiful location overlooking the St.
Johns River. The wonderful oak grove surrounding it is
without doubt one of the most beautiful in the State.
The school work given here is such as prepares a young
man for business or for entrance to any university. It
is given the very best rating by universities, by West
Point, and by the Educational Department at Washing-
The northwestern part of Columbia county is bounded
by the Suwannee river. The southern boundary is marked
by Santa Fe.
Salt-water fish come up these rivers in great numbers
and, with fresh water varieties, are caught in great num-
Lake City, the county seat, which occupies an approxi-
mately central position, is fifty-nine miles west of Jack-
sonville, on the Western Division of the Seaboard Air
Line system of roads, and about 100 miles east of Talla-
hassee, the State Capital, by the same line. It is a cen-
tral point also, with the Atlantic Coast Line system, and
for the Georgia Southern and Florida, in which facilities
the county is unusually well served.
AUTO TOURIIST ('A.\NIr SITE, ALA\CHUA COUNTY
Throughout all its fruitful, undulating length and
breadth it is also excellently watered, either by bright
running streams and bubbling springs of pure, cool
liquid or crystal lakes and lakelets; besides which natural
fountains so numerously placed in easy reach, the best
water is abundantly obtained, by digging or driving, at a
depth of from twelve to fifty feet, so that this may justly
lay claim also to that all-important distinction-"a well
These lakes and streams all teem with the choicest of
our fresh water fishes-the bream, perch, pickerel and
bass-make a favorite haunt of the wild water fowl in
season, and afford among them some very fine powers,
which, in many instances, await yet to be utilized.
SPECIAL POINTS OF HISTORIC AND SCENIC INTEREST
On the 2nd of April, 1512, records from the archives
of the Spanish government in Catholic monasteries show
that Juan Ponce de Leon, companion of Columbus, landed
some miles north of St. Augustine on the beach, and it
has never been ascertained whether it was in St. Johns
or Duval County. There is a pleasing tradition that
Ponce de Leon, in searching for the fabled "fountain of
youth," camped for a while on the ground now occupied
by the Young Women's Christian Association summer
home at Keystone Bluff.
There stands now on these grounds a live oak tree, the
largest in Florida, considered to be over four hundred
years old; and supposed to be the tree that Ponce de Leon
camped under while in this vicinity.
On May 1, 1562, Jean Ribault entered the St. Johns
River, which he named the River May, in commemora-
tion of the day in which the discovery was made. Cross-
ing the bar in one of the smaller boats, Ribault landed
on the northern side of the river, where he met native
Indians assembled, and after giving them a few presents
he crossed the river to the south shore, where he picked
out a knoll on the high embankment and erected a stone
column bearing the arms of France. Ribault had been
commissioned by Admiral Coligny to pick out places of
settlement and explore in the name of Charles IX.
Ribault, after erecting the monument in the vicinity of
St. Johns Bluff on the south bank of the St. Johns River,
In 1564 another French expedition, under command of
Rene de Laudonnier, sailed into the River May, in the
month of June, and brought with him a colony of Hugue-
nots. Laudonnier landed at the spot where the monu-
ment left by Ribault stood, the colonists at once begin-
ning to fortify the place by building a fort of logs and
staves. It was in the form of a triangle. This fort cov-
ered a considerable area, as six hundred colonists lived
within its walls. Some of the colonists sailed up the St.
Johns River twenty leagues, and it is safe to assume that
these were the first white men to behold the site upon
which Jacksonville now stands. This colony finally
reached the state of famine. Laudonnier seized the great
Indian Olata-Utina,: chief of the Indians in this vicinity,
and held him as ransom for supplies. This created en-
mity on the part of the Indians, who would not supply
them with any more food or favor them. On August 4,
1565, Sir John Hawkins unexpectedly arrived, and seeing
the plight of the French, he supplied their immediate
needs. News of this French colony in Florida had al-
ready reached Spain and induced Phillip II of Spain to
dispatch Pedro Menendez de Aviles to drive out the
French colony and take possession in the name of the
King of Spain. He arrived at the mouth. of the St. Johns
River September 4, 1565, where he gave battle. Seeing that
the French colony outnumbered him in tents and men, he
sailed south, landing at St. Augustine, which on the 6th
of September he named in honor of that Catholic saint.
On the 17th of September, 1565, Menendez marched from
St. Augustine and attacked the French Fort Caroline,
which he destroyed, killing all of the colonists except
sixty, among which were Laudonnier and twenty-five of
his followers, who escaped, boarding their vessel and set-
ting sail for France, thus ending French attempt to
colonize the New World at that time.
At the present site of South Jacksonville, a mile east of
the present South Jacksonville ferry, back from the river
250 yards, the Spaniards built a fort called San Nicholas.
The present location of the city of Jacksonville was first
known as Wassa Pilatka by the Indians, signifying the
place where the cows crossed or could swim over. This
finally became the crossing place of travel between St.
Augustine and Pensacola, also the road north to Georgia.
This was known as the King's Road.
CAPACITY OF HOTEL ACCOMMODATION, WITH RANGE
Jacksonville has 52 hotels, with rates ranging from
$1.00 up to $3.50 per day.
Capacity of private rooming accommodations, with
range of prices: Accommodations for 10,000, with rates
from $4.00 to $8.00 per week per person.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR OUT-DOOR CAMPING, WITH WHATEVER
ACCOMMODATIONS ARE OFFERED TO "TIN CAN TOURISTS"
Jacksonville has an automobile tourist camp which has
ample accommodations for any number of tourists, hav-
ing 54 stalls under shelter large enough for an automo-
bile and tent with ample room. The camp has a large
club room for dancing, banq uets, v adeville or any other
form of entertainment desirable to tourists; ladies' rest
room; hot and cold shower baths; modern sanitary
plumbing. Camp is paved with shell, situated on a paved
road, convenient to stores, churches, schools, theatres,
and State fair grounds.
SPORTS IN DUVAL COUNTY
Salt water fishing all the year round. Guides can be
had in Jacksonville at the Sportsman Store, and May-
port, Daniels Hotel.
Tarpon season, June until November, Fulton, Florida.
Bait: Live mullet and artificial bait.
Channel bass season, August until January. Weight
5 to 50 pounds. Caught with cut bait.
Salt water trout-sheephead-and a variety of small
fish caught all the year.
Red Snapper season, June to September. Outside boats
and guides obtained in Jacksonville.
SOME SALT WATER STREAMS FOR FISHING
Namely: St. Johns River, Clabboard Creek, Trout
Creek, Cedar Creek, Dunns Creek, Pabloo Creek, Canal.
Fresh water fishing good the year round, artificial
bait being the best killer. The game fish caught, namely,
large mouth black bass, pickerel, perch, bream, catfish,
red bass, rock bass.
FRESH WATER STREAMS IN COUNTY
Namely: Fishing Creek, McGirts Creek, Cedar Creek,
Arlington River, Pottsburg Creek, Little Pottsburg, Sil-
versmith, Six Mile Creek, Trout Creek, Nine Mile Creek,
Cedar Creek, Dunns Creek, Sweet Water Creek, Moncrief
These places can be reached from Jacksonville by auto-
mobile, street car or boat.
Golf is played in Duval County the year round at the
Country Club, eight miles from Jacksonville. Good paved
streets for automobile; street car line. Good instructor
at reasonable rate.
Public courts located in all the parks around the city,
namely, Riverside, Fairfield, Springfield, Confederate, etc.
The Florida Country, located at Ortega.
The Jacksonville Tennis Club.
Twenty-two public courts in city.
Some deer and bears can be found in Duval County and
the small game that is found in almost all parts of
LIST OF RAILROADS
Florida East Coast Railroad.
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.
Seaboard Air Line Railroad.
Georgia, Southern & Florida Railway.
Two Hundred and twenty miles of brick and shell road
outside of city limits of Jacksonville and South Jackson-
ville, all in fair condition.
Nassau County, situated in the northeastern corner of
the State, contains about 645 square miles, or 412,800
acres. It is bounded on the north and west by the St.
Mary river, a stream navigable for nearly sixty miles
by ocean-going vessels; on the south by Nassau river, a
stream with equal navigation possibilities, and on the
east by the Atlantic Ocean.
The rivers and their numerous tributaries, together
with the Seaboard Air Line Railway, the Atlantic, Val-
dosta and Western Railway and the Atlantic Coast Line
Railway, which cross the county north, south, east and
west, make nearly every acre of land accessible for rail
and water transportation and accessibility to its natural
resources is one of the leading features of the county,
and in that respect cannot be equalled by any other coun-
ty in the State.
Fernandina is the county seat of Nassau County and
has the largest and deepest harbor on the eastern coast
of the State and on the South Atlantic. Vessels can en-
ter her port at high water drawing 30 feet. A mile and
a half of wharves and an immense phosphate elevator fa-
cilitate her large export trade. Railway connections
with all parts of Florida and the North and West, steam-
ship connections with Savannah and New York and with
the ports of Rotterdam and Hamburg in Europe.
Its export trade is the largest of any port in the State
of its size, consisting of immense trade in oyster, fish,
shrimp, timber and phosphate.
Putnam County has a peculiar topography. No other
county in the State comprises such various, so many and
such strongly marked natural divisions. The river St.
Johns divides the southern portion and skirts the balance
on the east for thirty miles. The southeast part is again
divided so as to form a peninsular twenty-fives miles wide,
lying between the river St. Johns. and Lake Crescent, the
latter a tributary to the river through a navigable creek.
This peninsular is composed of high rolling hills, beauti-
ful valleys, picturesque lakes, dense forests, rugged ridges
and low marshes. Lakes Como, Broward and Margarette
and Crystal Lake, very considerable bodies of water, sur-
rounded by high elevations, are situated in this peninsu-
lar. Dunn's Creek, a deep and navigable stream, con-
nects Lake Crescent with the St. Johns. North of Dunn's
Creek for five miles the land takes a sudden rise to an
elevation of from 30 to 100 feet above the level of the
river. This section embraces the San Mateo district, an
area of fully nine square miles. The remainder of the
country on the east side of the river is undulating and
flat, but generally high enough for cultivation. A tract
of land opposite Palatka and running north is "hammock
and covered with orange groves."
Lake George is the largest of the lakes in Putnam, but
not all of it is embraced within the county, only the
northern half. It is 20 miles long by 10 miles wide. The
Counties of Marion, Orange, Volusia and Putnam form
its boundary. It is a magnificent sheet of water, as beau-
tiful as any in the world, not excepting its namesake in
the State of New York, and has attracted the attention
and admiration of thousands of tourists. The lake is
skirted by fertile banks, and on the east and west sides
has elevated and romantic surroundings. On the north-
ern and southern extremities its banks are low and flat,
but bordered with a wealth of foliage difficult to find
anywhere else so luxuriant. The contour of the lake is
fine. Drayton Island, just inside the north entrance,
with a channel on either side, is an attractive scene, and
fitted admirably for homes and orange groves. Lake
George, situated as it is, thirty miles inland, is rarely
ever visited by hurricanes or cyclones; yet it is a rare
thing that its waters are quiet for a whole day at a time,
the surface being agitated by southern breezes. Is surf
is often grand.
Other lakes in the county afford much beautiful scen-
ery. Crescent Lake, on the east side, by the undulating
character of the land surrounding it, not only presents a
rich variety of scenery and foliage, but a wide extent and
grandeur of landscape. There is an entire absence of
monotony. Como is another lake situated 'in that part
of the county. It is one mile wide and three in length-
a beautiful, blue, sunny expanse, not in the least un-
worthy of its Italian namesake. Its waters are crystal,
clear and pure. It is five miles from the St. Johns river.
Lakes Broward, Crystal and Margaeritte are also situated
in this vicinity, three charming scenes of clear, still wa-
The lakes in the western part of the county are nu-
merous. Among the larger ones is Lake Claudia, at Mc-
Meekin, on the Atlantic Coast Line Railway. The water
of this lake is deep and clear, and affords an abundant
supply of the finest fish. The banks are high and roman-
tic, the coves and peninsulas are delightful, and it is des-
tined to become the finest spot on the road.
The remarkable feature of the scenery of Putnam Coun-
ty is the broad expanse and rich foliage on the banks of
all its lakes and streams.
Another feature of Putnam is her mineral springs.
They are the wonders of the State. The boiling ones are
especially interesting. Their waters are saline and sul-
phur. They are often near each other and differ as much
in taste, odor and color as in temperature and pellucid-
ness. The ground around is saturated with sulphur,
sulphate of magnesia, alum and various salts. The wa-
ters of several of them are reputed excellent for curing
cutaneous and chronic diseases. The Sulphur Springs of
Mt. Royal and Welaka have often benefited people with
Palatka, the county seat, is beautifully situated on
several bends of the picturesque St. Johns River, about 55
miles south of Jacksonville, with a magnificent harbor
suitable for deep and inland water transportation. It
is located in the heart of a semi-tropical country of rich
fertility in the famous Palatka, East-Palatka, Federal
Point and Hastings potato belt, and what promises to
be one of the best sugar producing sections of the State.
Just south of it is located the great camphor farms and
the renowned Crescent City and San Mateo orange
groves. The east side of the St. Johns River, as well as
Palatka Heights, is becoming one of the finest residential
sections of Florida with well kept lawns, gardens, citrus
and pecan groves, while the west side of the river is
rapidly developing into one of the greatest business and
industrial centers of the State.
ST. JOHNS COUNTY
St. Augustine, oldest city in the United States, is thick-
ly sprinkled with places of historic interest. It was here
that Juan Ponce, Knight of Leon, landed in his search
for the fabled fountain of youth. It was here Pedro
Menendez de Aviles established the first permanent set-
tlement in the new world, on the continent of North
Discovered by Juan Ponce, Knight of Leon, March 27,
Founded by Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles, September
Under the British flag from 1763 to 1783, Florida being
ceded to England by Spain.
Re-occupied by Spain when England re-ceded Florida
Placed under the American flag on July 10th, 1821,
when the United States purchased Florida from Spain.
Although retaining it's quaint old-world characteris-
tics St. Augustine is progressive, and modern in all that
tends to add to the comforts and pleasures of life. It
has many miles of brick and asphalt paved streets, elec-
tric street railway, electric lights, splendid gas plant, fine
theaters, magnificent hotels, beautiful parks, three golf
courses, fine ball park, excellent schools and fine churches.
Among the points of interest, Fort Marion, formerly
Fort San Marco, stands foremost. This tremendous
structure is built of coquina, a sand-shell rock found on
Anastasia Island, opposite the city. Indian slave labor
was used in building the fort. Work on the fortress was
commenced in 1638 and completed in 1756.
Franciscan Monastery, built in 1583, partly destroyed
by fire in 1913.
Catholic cathedral, completed in 1797.
City gates, built in 1804.
Sea wall, commenced by early Spanish garrison, com-
pleted by United States government in 1835.
Spanish Governor's mansion (now postoffice) built in
Treasury street, narrowest in city, six feet wide.
Plaza, laid out by early Spanish settlers.
Monument-Plaza de la Constitucion, erected in 1812.
Dade pyramids, in National Cemetery, marking the
resting place of Major Dade and his command, massacred
Slave market, built in 1840.
Old houses built of coquina by the Spaniards when the
city was in it's youth; Historical Society building, St.
Francis street; Dodge's old house on St. George street;
Whitney's old house on Hospital street; Usina's old house
on Mairne street. Each of these houses claim to be the
oldest, but the dates of their erection has been lost in
the mist of centuries. There are many other very old
buildings in the ancient section of the city.
Other points of interest are: Lighthouse, Anastasia
Island; Government wireless station on Anastasia Island.
Alligator Farm, Anastasia Island.
So-called Fountain of Youth, Magnolia avenue.
Capo's Beach resort.
Usina's Beach resort.
St. Augustine Beach on Anastasia Island.
St. Augustine Golf Links, north of city.
Country Club Links, south end of city.
St. Augustine Golf Club, San Marco avenue.
Baseball Park, south end of city.
Y. M. C. A. building, Valencia street.
Florida State School for the Deaf and the Blind, north
St. Joseph's Academy, St. George street.
Florida State Arsenal, Marine street.
Parks-Plaza, Cordova Park, Osceola Park, Selooe
Park, Waterworks Park.
Hotel capacity, American plan, 3,000; rates, $2.50 to
$10.00 per day.
Rooming capacity additional to hotels, 1,000; rates,
Private rooming house, capacity, 500; $1.00 per day up;
$5.00 per week up.
Auto Camp, capacity, 50 cars. Water and sanitary
Fishing-Matanzas Bay, North River, San Sebastian
River and Atlantic Ocean offer great variety of fish. Tar-
pon, bass, drum, trout, pan fish of many varieties, flound-
ers, also shark fishing. Waters adjacent to St. Augustine
filled with fish.
Hunting-Quail, wild ducks, wild turkey, deer, bear,
wild cats, rabbits.
Bathing-Surf bathing in the Atlantic on beaches un-
surpassed anywhere, bathing in Matanzas Bay, fresh
water bathing in Casino of Alcazar and in Y. M. C. A.
Railroads-Florida East Coast Railroad from north
and south. In winter twelve trains daily; in summer six
Good Roads-Brick road to Hastings and Palatka;
brick road to Jacksonville, hard surface driveways to
Lewis Point, six miles, hard surface road driveway to
Moultrie, beautiful roads on Anastasia Island, also on
beach which is hard and smooth as a floor. Horn road
dirve, three miles; brick road to St. Augustine Links.
Work will begin shortly on costly concrete bridge from
this city to Anastasia Island. New bridge will be free to
public. Present bridge owned by private company is toll
bridge and wooden structure. Provision has also been
made for building hard surface road to Aocoi, distance
twelve miles, through scenic country to St. Johns river.
Private capital will build bridge to span North river,
connecting North Beach with this city, opening route
along the ocean front from Pablo to St. Augustine.
Boat trips-To Usina's Beach, five miles distant; to
Capo's Beach, three miles from city; to Crescent Beach,
nine miles from city; Summer Haven, eighteen miles from
city. In winter months boats operate between St. Au-
gustine and Daytona.
Playground for children.
Bowling on the green and quoit and croquet courts,
Theaters--Modern theater, booking best road attrac-
tions, two motion picture theaters.
Board of Trade, Woman's Club, Business and Profes-
sional Women's Forum.
'Way down upon the Swannee River,
Far, far away,
Dere's wha my heart is turning ever,
Dere's wha de old folks stay.
All up and down de whole creation,
Sadly I roam,
Still longing for de old plantation,
And for de old folks at home.
All de world is sad and dreary
Everywhere I roam.
Oh! darkies, how my heart grows weary,
Far from de old folks at home.
All roun' de little farm I wandered
When I was young,
Den many happy days I squandered,
Many's de songs I sung.
When I was playing with my brother,
Happy was I.
Oh! take me to my kind old mother,
There let me live and die.
One little hut among de bushes,
One that I love,
Still sadly to my memory rushes,
No matter where I roam,
When will I see de bees a-humming,
All roun' de comb?
When will I hear the banjo tumming,
Down in my good old home?
So long as plaintive melodies are loved and sung, "The
Suwannee River" will be treasured by the people of
America. The sentiment lingering around the pleasant
relationship which existed between the docile slave and
the indulgent master has a place of its own in history
The beautiful Suwannee River borders Suwannee Coun-
ty on three sides, making a great horseshoe bend as it
flows from Georgia through Florida. On its banks in
antebellum days were many mansions where thrifty
planters dwelt in aristocratic pre-eminence.
Geographically, Suwannee County is situated in what
is known locally as Middle Floridaa- term which came
into common usage before the southern part of the State
became traversed by railroads, and thereby opened to set-
tlement. The term still remains, though it is misleading
to one not acquainted with the facts, as it is in Middle
Florida only as applies to the east and west, and is in the
northern tier of counties of the State, being but a few
miles from the Georgia line. Howeevr, her geographical
position is not a detriment, but is possibly one of the
favors that nature bestows so lavishly upon her, for it is
traversed by two trunk lines of railroads, the Seaboard
Air Line and the Atlantic Coast Line, which, crossing
each other at Live Oak, the county seat, and near the cen-
ter of the county, radiate in four directions, thus afford-
ing transportation facilities far above those enjoyed by
most other counties of the State. The first of these runs
from east to west through the county, connecting Jack-
sonville and western part of the State, while the latter,
the Atlantic Coast Line, traverses it from north to south,
Tampa being its southern terminus. Besides these, the
Suwannee and San Pedro Railroad Co., and the Live Oak
and Gulf Railroad Co. have Live Oak for their southern
terminus. The first named extends in a southwesterly
direction through the counties of LaFayette and Taylor,
and the latter to the head of navigation on the Suwannee
River. This river forms the northern, western and south-
ern boundary of the county, and is navigable to Luraville,
a thriving town about sixteen miles from Live Oak and
near which are valuable deposits of phosphate.
Brevard County includes a strip of land extending
seventy-eight miles north and south, on both sides of the
famous Indian River, being the heart of the Indian River
citrus belt; in fact, fruit from this county is what made
the reputation for the Indian River oranges, known all
over the United States.
Titusville-on-Indian River is naturally beautiful and
has an unsurpassed climate. Extending north nearly
twenty miles, and parallel with the west side of the In-
dian River, is the wonderful Turnbull Hammock, rich in
soil, and with orange groves adjoining each other almost
its entire length.
The bridge across the Indian River connecting Titus-
ville with the north end of Merritt's Island and with the
ocean beach will soon be completed. Merritt's Island is
thirty-five miles long, and when the bridges are finished
they will open up for settlement over 95,000 acres of fer-
tile land on the north end of the island. Much of the
acreage is United State Government land and is open for
Already there are seventy-six families residing on
homesteads. On account of inaccessibility this land here-
tofore has had but little value; but with the completion
of the bridges it should sell for at least $20.00 to $40.00
per acre, making an increase in value of over two million
dollars, a nice gain for owners.
Suppose in the future this land should bring $100 per
acre, and this is not impossible, as good orange land fre-
quently sells for $100 per acre; we have a footing of over
nine hundred and fifty million dollars.
Melbourne was established in 1878. It was named by
an Englishman after his native city of Melbourne, Aus-
tralia. It is located on a bluff twenty-five feet higher than
the Indian River and is known as one of the highest and
most healthy places on the East Coast of Florida. The
streets are well laid out and lighted by electricity. The
beauty of the town is enhanced by palmettoes, pines,
camphor, umbrella and oak trees, with many semi-
tropical shrubs and numerous flowers.
Titusville is situated on the Indian River at its widest
and most beautiful part.
We are told by campers that this is one of the best
free camps in the State. Free electric light, water,
tables, benches, men's toilet, women's toilet, etc.
For guns: Myriads of ducks and English or jack snipe,
quail in abundance, wild turkeys, deer, black bear, rab-
For rod and reel: Spanish mackerel, bluefish, sea trout,
tarpon, pompano, red snapper, sea bass, sheepshead,
sailor's choice, whiting, spots, croakers. Fresh water
fish: Bream and pickerel, mammoth black bass and
Fine ocean beach bathing as well as river bathing. The
ocean beach is free from undertow and is so hard when
wet that automobiles leave no wheel mark in sand.
Florida East Coast Railroad, Jacksonville to Key West,
and cross state branch to Enterprise, also connections
with Lake Okeechobee.
Dixie Highway, 70 miles in Brevard County. Cross
state roads to Sanford, and also road to Orlando and
interior of State.
Bridges over Indian River to Ocean Beach; bridge
crossing St. Johns River, opening up interior of State,
also bridge over Banana Creek to Merritt's Island, and
the towns of Audibon, Orsino, and Wilson.
Hotels can accommodate 200 daily, at prices from $1.00
to $12.00 per day.
The county seat is Inverness. No spot on the railroad,
on which it is located, can be said to be more eligible for
a town site, none more suitable for the county site.
Inverness has all the advantages of other lake regions
in an eminent degree, as, for instance, good lands, beauti-
ful sheets of clear water, lakes crowded with the finny
tribe, splendid stretches for regattas and pleasure sailing.
Which is the widest-known place, perhaps, in the coun-
ty, contends with the famous places of Florida for the
precedence for picturesque scenery and attractions for the
Homosassa is now the west coast terminus of the Silver
Springs, Ocala and Gulf Railroad, and Pullman sleepers
can land the tourist at the famous hostelry, presided over
by ye old time host. He may leave the hills clad in a
winding sheet of snow and the rivers locked in the un-
broken ice, and in a few hours step out into the bright
sunshine and warm atmosphere of the famous resort. If
perchance he should reach Homosassa at night, which is
the case generally, when he awakes in the morning there
will burst upon his vision such a scene as will photograph
upon his mind an unfading picture of loveliness. Look-
ing across the river he may behold the private home of a
wealthy man, that will bring up to his mind the Biblical
picture of the Egyptian Queen descending to the water's
edge and discovering "Moses in the bulrushes."
The river is the largest of all the spring rivers along
the west coast, being the outflow of many large springs,
bursting out of the bowels of the earth, it flows westward
eight miles through beautiful hammocks and then min-
gles its placid flood with the Gulf.
Shell Island, at the mouth of the river, is admirably
situated for fishing, hunting, sailing and boating, which
can be enjoyed the year round.
The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad connects Crystal
River with the world.
The Gulf coast of Citrus County is one of the most at-
tractive on the entire west shore of Florida.
Flagler County lies between Crescent Lake and the At-
lantic Ocean. No county thus situated could be without
attractions for the tourists and sportsman. This county
is still in the larger sense undeveloped. The Florida
East Coast Railroad crosses the county from northwest
to southeast. The improved waterway and canals lead-
.... ing from Jacksonville to Key West extends along the en-
tire eastern border of the county.
This county was named for the builder of the Florida
East Coast Railroad, which has done so much toward
developing the entire eastern slope of the State. This
county has the advantages and attractions common to the
eastern part of the peninsular and awaits the permanent
citizen who is to place it in the front rank with other more
densely populated sections of the State.
The guest or visitor is always struck by the magnificent
hills of Hernando and you will be when you come.
If you intend visiting Florida or if you know of any of
your friends or acquaintances who intend to, you should
put Brooksville on your itinerary.
FISHING, SPORTS AND GENERAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
Hernando County is famous for its year-round climate,
mild winters, and because of our proximity to the Gulf
and the fact that the land is high and rolling, Brooksville
being 328 feet above sea level, we get the benefit of the
cooling breezes from the Gulf, making nights in the sum-
mer very pleasant, and never too hot for sleeping pur-
poses. The sunstroke is unknown here, farmers working
in the fields the year round. It is well known that it
has never experienced cyclones or hurricanes, probably
due to the lay of the land.
Hunting is exceptionally good here, black bear, deer,
wild turkey, duck, quail and small game being very
plentiful. We have also excellent fishing the year round,
black bass and other fresh water fish abounding in the
lakes, while at Bay Port the best fishing on the Gulf can
be found, the year around, only 15 miles from Brooksville.
Many northern visitors come regularly to Bay Port and
enjoy fishing for red fish, sheephead, sea trout, snapper
Uncle Sam is a Brooksville farmer in the form of the
United States Plant Introduction Station and here he
tries out foreign plants in untold numbers and varieties.
Uncle Sam only has a half dozen or so farms of this
nature and the one at Brooksville shows fine results.
Here the humble dasheenn" (substitute for the Irish po-
tato) found its real start, and the "chayote," the edu-
cated squash without seeds (much better and more deli-
cate in flavor than the squash,, originated and is destined
to be one of the most famous of vegetables. Climate and
soil are ideal for the gardens of Uncle Sam and they
would be the same for you.
Weekichachee Springs, 100 feet deep, pure water, no
The topography of the entire county is of a broken hilly
and beautifully rolling character, with an altitude in
some places of over 300 feet. This elevated and rolling
land reaches within about two miles of the Gulf coast,
and extends from the northern to the southern limits of
the county. On the eastern boundary lies the Withlaco-
coochee River, running nearly north through an open
pine forest, draining large areas of land in Pasco, Polk
and Sumter counties, all of which lies south and south-
east of this county.
This river, with the Chessahowiskee and Weekiwachee
rivers, are the only water courses which lie within or
bordering on the county, the Iwo latter rising out of
the range of high hills about ten miles from their mouths,
flow west into the Gulf. There are a great many small
clear water lakes distributed through the open pine
woods bordering the coast region and a less number in
the pine forest through which the Withlacoochee River
passes on the eastern boundary. The borders of these
beautiful little bodies of pure rain water are not marshy,
but clear, and often the pine timber is found growing to
the very edge of the water. In many instances they are
surrounded by high and precipitous hills, and in these
the water is apt to be of great depth. Solar evaporation
does not take place fast enough to dry them to any per-
They all abound in choice varieties of fish. On many
of the high hills in this county springs of pure and cool
water break from the top or sides, forming small rivulets
which wind their way into some one of the many valleys,
and finally empty into what are called sinks. They are
small openings in the earth, sometimes found large
enough for a man to enter and follow, in some instances,
to a great distance, finding large openings, large enough
sometimes to be entitled to the name of caves.
Hernando County, lying about midway in the penin-
sula on the 'Gulf coast, has a stretch of twenty-five miles
of coast line. She has a wealth of beauty and pleasure
in her numerous clear lakes teeming with fish; bold, beau-
tiful rivers, that spring from the bosom of the earth in
their full vigor and strength; limpid springs that make
one feel as if suspended in space while floating on their
transparent waters; high hills, covered with oak, hickory,
red bay, magnolia, cedar, palmetto, ash and cherry trees,
masses of grape and semi-tropical vines, or high, rolling,
sandy land covered with pines, stretches of flat saw pal-
metto lands or grass-covered prairies, sometimes but a
few acres in extent, and again reaching off into the dis-
tance until the eye is weary of trying to measure its size.
Among the points of interest to tourists in Hillsbor-
ough County may be mentioned the following:
BATIIING, BOATING AND FISHING IN MIDWINTER
Sunset Beach, four miles from the center of the city,
has bus service every hour and offers salt water bathing
in Old Tampa Bay, a large dancing pavilion, good music
and picnic tables along the white sand beach.
Ballast Point Park, five miles from the city, with fre-
quent trolley service. Salt water bathing, good fishing,
bait and tackle for rent. Amusement park features and
picnic grounds. All kinds of tropical shrubs and trees
and a fine dancing pavilion. Take Port Tampa or Ballast
Sulphur Springs, flowing into Hillsborough river, with
a flow of thirty thousand gallons per minute. Sulphur
water bathing, canoeing on the river and an alligator
farm with over a thousand real live 'gators. Sulphur
Springs grounds have been materially improved the past
year with diving boards, swinging rings, chutes over the
rapids and falls. A convalescent hospital for disabled