• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Foreword
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Preface
 Drainage basins, streams, and water...
 Tallapoosa River and tributari...
 Coosa River and tributaries
 Cahaba River at Centerville,...
 Black Warrior River and tribut...
 Tombigbee River at Columbus,...
 Tennessee River at Chattanooga,...
 Utilized water powers of Alaba...
 Index














Group Title: Bulletin (Geological Survey of Alabama)
Title: Bulletin - Geological Survey of Alabama
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00077059/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bulletin - Geological Survey of Alabama
Uniform Title: Bulletin (Geological Survey of Alabama)
Abbreviated Title: Bull.- Geol. Surv. Ala.
Physical Description: no. : ill., maps (part fold., part col.) ; 23-25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Geological Survey of Alabama
Publisher: Geological Survey of Alabama,
Geological Survey of Alabama
Place of Publication: University Ala. etc
Publication Date: 1902
Copyright Date: 1886
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subject: Geology -- Alabama   ( lcsh )
Mines and mineral resources -- Alabama   ( lcsh )
Paleontology -- Alabama   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Chemical abstracts
Dates or Sequential Designation: no.1- 1886-
General Note: A quarto volume called Bulletin no. 1, v. 5, was issued in Granville, Ohio, in 1887, with title: List of the fresh-water and marine crustacea of Alabama ... by C.L. Herrick.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 120 (1982).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00077059
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01374708
lccn - gs 06000350
issn - 0097-3262

Table of Contents
    Foreword
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
    List of Illustrations
        Page 6
    Preface
        Page 7
    Drainage basins, streams, and water powers
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 14a
    Tallapoosa River and tributaries
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 32b
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Coosa River and tributaries
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
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        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
    Cahaba River at Centerville, Alabama
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
    Black Warrior River and tributaries
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
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        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Tombigbee River at Columbus, Mississippi
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Tennessee River at Chattanooga, Tennessee
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
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        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 164a
    Utilized water powers of Alabama
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
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        Page 185
    Index
        Page 186
Full Text








To His Excellency, William D. Jelks, Governor of Alabama:
Dear Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a pre-
liminary report on the Water Powers of Alabama, by B. M.
Hall, of the United States Geological Survey, Consulting
Engineer, Hydrographic Division, for Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, Tennessee, and Mississippi.
Our Alabama Geological Survey, in cooperation with the
United States Geological Survey, has for a number of years
been engaged in a systematic investigation of the Water Re-
sources of the State. In this investigation we have naturally
been less interested in that portion of the rainfall which passes
back into the atmosphere by evaporation, than in those por-
tions which, temporarily at least, become more or less incor-
porated with the materials forming our land surface, and
which on that account may be considered as forming a part of
our territory. And our investigation of this earth water, (to
use a term to distinguish it from the atmospheric water), may
appropriately be followed along two lines: It may be con-
cerned, I, with that part of the water which, collecting in rivu-
lets, creeks and rivers, flows on towards the sea by open chan-
nels, i. e., the "run-off"; or 2, it may take into account that
part which soaks into the ground, and reaches the water
courses or the sea only after an underground passage of
greater or less duration, i. e., the ground water or the "in-
soak," if we may be allowed the use of such a word.
While the proportion of the rainfall which appears in the
run-off of the streams varies between very wide limits, depend-
ing on the geological formations, the locality, etc., in Alabama
on an average, about fifty per cent. of the rainfall is lost by
evaporation and the remainder forms the run-off of the
streams, and, curiously enough, only a small percentage of this
run-off is supplied by the surface water alone, for most of it
reaches the water courses by underground seepage.
In the course of this underground circulation the water may
reach the surface from springs, from ordinary shallow and deep
wells, and from artesian wells, and may be utilized for domestic
and municipal water supply, and rarely, in Alabama at least, for
irrigation and for power.





lA

e .11C\
\~ ,r( .L







GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


The present writer has had charge -of this branch of the in-
vestigation, and his report on the Artesian and other under-
ground Water Systems of the State is now in manuscript,
and practically ready for the printers.
Most of the material for this report has been collected by
the Alabama Geological Survey.
The run-off, on the other hand, is utilized for transporta-
tion, for domestic and municipal water supply, and for
power, and this branch of the subject has been in charge of
Mr. Hall, who has for some years been employed by the
United States Geological Survey in collecting records of the
gage heights, and in making surveys and discharge measure-
ments of the principal streams of Alabama. (and adjacent
States), from which the values of these streams for the vari-
ous purposes above enumerated may be closely estimated.
'In the collection of these data, the Alabama Geological Sur-
vey has contributed to the extent of paying the observers of
-the gage heights at seven stations along Alabama streams,
but with this exception and apart from the map, the present
Report has been prepared without cost to the State of Ala-
bama. We are also indebted to the United States Geological
Survey for most of the illustrations which appear in the body
of the Report, and these cuts, as well as most of the data from
which this Report has been compiled by Mr. Hall, have been
published in the Annual Reports of the Director of the Nation-
al Geological Survey.
While the present report deals with only one of the many
uses to which the run-off of our streams may be put, viz.,
for the production of power, this is in many respects, especially
in Alabama, the most important of these uses, for the great in-
crease in the applications of electricity has of late turned at-
tention to the utilization for its production, of water powers
which have heretofore been allowed to run to waste, and there
can be little doubt but that in comparatively short time, all the
available water power of the State will be turned to account.
Very respectfully,
EUGENE A. SMITH,
University of Alabama, State Geologist.
Dec. I, 1902.












TABLE OF CONTENTS.


Letter of Transmittal ...................... ... .... ...... ... 3
Preface ................................. ......... :...... 5
CHAPTER I.
Drainage Basins ............... .............................. 6
Streams and Water Powers ................. ...... ......... 9
Explanation of Station Records and Tabular Statements de-
duced therefrom ......................................... 11
Gage H eights .......................................... 11
Discharge Measurements .................. .............. 12
Rating Tables ......................................... .. 12
Estimated Monthly Discharge ........................... 13
CHAPTER II.
Tallapoosa River and Tributaries............................. 15
1. Tallapoosa River at Milstead ......................... 15
2. Tallapoosa River near Susanna ....................... 28
3. Tallapoosa River near Sturdevant .................... 30
4. Survey of the Tallapoosa River in Alabama ........... 32
5. Big bandy Creek near Dadeville ...................... 39
6. Hillabee Creek near Alexander City .................. 46
7. Alabama Tributaries of the Tallapoosa River from
M ilstead up ........................: ............... 51
CIIAPTER III.
Coosa River and Tributaries ................................. 53
1. Riverside Station on Coosa River.........: ........... 53
2. Coosa River at Rome, Georgia ....................... 69
3. Talladega Creek at Nottingham ...................... 82
4. Alabama River at Selma ................. ........... 85
5. Miscellaneous Discharge Measurements ............... 91
6. Tributaries of the Coosa River from Wetumpka up.... 92
7. Water Powers on Tributaries of Coosa River.......... 92
8. Coosa River Survey .................................. 93
9. Table of Discharge and Net Horse Power at thirty-one
Locks and Proposed Locks on the Coosa River, at
Lowest Water of 1897 and 1900..................... 95
CHAPTER IV.
Cahaba' River:
1. Cahaba River at Centerville .......................... 99
2. Survey of the Cahaba River .......................... 101
CHAPTER V.
Black Warrior River and Tributaries ......................... 104
1. Tuscaloosa Station on Black Warrior River.......... 104
2. Black Warrior River at Cordova ..................... 120
3. Survey of one Black Warrior River .................. 124
4. Appendix to Black Warrior Report .................. 127
5. Black Warrior River Tributaries...................... 128
CHAPTER VI.
Tombigbee River:
1. Tombigbee River at Columbus, Miss.................. 128
2. Tombigbee River near Epes .......................... 133
3. Tributaries of the To.mbigbee ........................ 138
CHAPTER VII.
Tennessee River and Tributaries:
1. Tennessee River and Tributaries:
2. Shoals in Tennessee River near Florence .............. 161
3. Tributaries of Tennessee River ......... .......... 164
CHAPTER VIII.
List of Utilized Water Powers, arranged by Counties........... 165












LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.




Hydrographic Map of Alabama ........................Frontispiece
Plate A-Bridge at Milstead, to face page .........'........... 15
Plate B-Rapids at Tallassee, to face page .................... 32
Plate C-Montgomery Power Company's Dam and Power
House, near Tallassee, to face page................. 33
Plate D-Dam at Prattville, to face page .................... 165
Fig. 1-Graphic representation of discharge of Tallapoosa
River at Milstead for 1897 .......................... 25
Fig. 2-Graphic representation of discharge of Tallapoosa
River at Milstead for 1898 ........................... 26
Fig. 3-Graphic representation of discharge of Tallapoosa
River at Milstead for 1899 ......................... 26
Fig. 4-Map of Tallapoosa River from top of Griffin Shoals,
to M ilstead ........................................ 37
Figs. 5 and 6-Profile of Tallapoosa River from top of Griffin
Shoals to M ilstead ................................. 38
Fig. 8-Profile of Big Sandy Creek, Tallapoosa County........ 44
Fig. 8-Rating Curve for Riverside Station .................. 56
Fig. 9-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside Station, 1897.. 67
Fig. 10-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside Station, 1898.. 67
Fig. 11-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside Station, 1899.. 68
Fig. 12-Discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga., 1897-1898.... 80
Fig. 13-Discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga., 1899........ 81
Fig. 14-Discharge of Black Warrior River at Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
1889-1898 .............. ............... ............ 118
Fig. 15-Discharge of Black Warrior River at Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
1899 ............... .............. ........ ....... 119
Fig. 16-Discharge Tennessee River at Chattanooga, 1891-1898 160
Fig. 17-Map showing shoals in Tennessee River near Florence 162














PREFACE.

Very recently two large Water Powers have been developed
on the Tallapoosa River, one of which is at Tallassee, Ala.,
and the other is three miles above Tallassee. These develop-
ments have awakened considerable interest in the undeveloped
powers of the State, and this Bulletin undertakes to answer in
a general way the numerous inquiries concerning them. Some
of the largest of these unpublished powers are:
Pdwer Site No. 3, on Tallapoosa River, at Double Bridges,
about ten miles above Tallassee, where a head of 40 feet can
be obtained. And other similar powers farther up the river.
Black and Sanford Shoal on Big Sandy Creek, near Dade-
ville, with 80 feet of fall.
Thirty-one locks on the Coosa River, capable of furnishing
1,300 to 4,500 horse power each, or an aggregate of 1oo,ooo
horse power during low season of an ordinary year like 19oo.
Seven power sites on the Cahaba River capable of furnishing
from 500 to 1,1oo horse power each.
Squaw Shoals on the Black Warrior, with 43 feet of fall.

Also the following shoals on the Tennessee River:

Minimum Minimum
H. P. H. P.
Fall in dryest average
Shoal: feet. years. years.
Elk River Shoal .............. 26 15,600 30,550
Big Muscle Shoal ............. 85 51,000 99,875
Little Muscle Shoal ........... 23 13,800 27,025
Colbert Shoal ................. 21 12,600 24,675

These and other powers will be described more fully in
Chapters II to VIII.
The water powers of Alabama are conveniently located for
running cotton factories and other manufacturing plants, and
also for generating electricity that can be transmitted to cities
for power, light, etc. The'larger powers are all close to water
transportation, and are also on important railroads. These ad-
vantages will naturally make them more valuable than if they
were otherwise located. B. M. HALL.
Nov. I, 1902.














CHAPTER I.


DRAINAGE BASINS, STREAMS, AND WATER POWERS.

DRAINAGE BASINS.
The five principal drainage basins of the State are:
First-The Apalachicola Basin, draining to the Chattahoo-
chee and Apalachicola River, and entering the Gulf at Apala-
chicola, Fla.
Second-The Choctawhatchee Basin, draining to the Gulf
through Choctawhatchee Bay.
Third-The Pensacola Basin, draining to Pensacola Bay and
Perdido Bay, near Pensacola, Fla.
Fourth-The Mobile Basin, including the waters of Talla-
poosa, Coosa, Cahaba, Alabama, Warrior, and Tombigbee
Rivers, and draining into the Gulf at Mobile, Ala.
Fifth-The Tennessee Basin, draining into the Tennessee
River, and thence through the Mississippi to the Gulf at New
Orleans.

The water powers of the State are mainly in the Mobile and
Tennessee Basins, which practically cover the entire State, ex-
cept a small area in the southeast corner.
The area of crystalline rocks in Alabama is a triangle on the
east side of the State, including Cleburne, Randolph, Chambers,
Lee, Tallapoosa, Clay, Coosa, and parts of Elmore, Chilton,
and Talladega counties. The "fall line," or escarpment dividing
the Crystalline region from the Cretaceous formation of the
Coastal plain on the southwest, runs from Columbus, Ga., cross-
ing the Tallapoosa River at Tallassee, and the Coosa at We-
tumpka. The northwestern boundary of the area of the Crystal-
line rocks which divides it from the Paleozoic formations, re-
crosses the Coosa River near Marble Valley postoffice, in Coosa
county, and runs in a northeasterly direction towards Cedar-
town, Ga., crossing the Alabama line near Warner.
The line between the Paleozoic region and the Cretaceous for-
mation runs from a point near Strasburgh, in Chilton county,










WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


in a northwesterly direction to Tuscaloosa, thence in a northerly
direction to a point near Tuscumbia, and thence northwesterly
to the Mississippi line.
The southwestern boundary of the Cretaceous passes from
Fort Gaines, approximately, through Clayton, Troy, Snow Hill,
and Livingston, in a northwesterly direction.
It may be said in a general way that the streams have their
greatest falls in passing from an older to a younger geological
formation. Tallassee Falls, on the Tallapoosa, and Wetumpka
Falls, on the Coosa, are made in passing from the Crystalline to
the Cretaceous. Those on Talladega Creek and other small
streams in entering the Coosa Valley from the southeast in
Talladega, Calhoun, and Cleburne counties, are from the Crys-
talline to the Paleozoic. The shoals above Centerville, on the
Cahaba, above Tuscaloosa, on the Black Warrior, and near
Tuscumbia, on the Tennessee River, are made in passing from
the Paleozoic to the Cretaceous. As the Coosa River runs off of
the Paleozoic on to the Crystalline near Talladega Springs, the
shoals above this point reverse the general order by being made
in passing from a younger to an older formation.

STREAMS AND WATER POWERS.

The following is a statement, according to water--shed, of
the important streams and such data concerning them as can be
compiled from the work of the Alabama Geological Survey, the
United States Weather Bureau, and the United States Engi-
neering Corps, combined with the hydrographic investigations
of the United States Geological Survey under the direction of
the compiler of this report. Aside from certain surveys made
to obtain maps and profiles of Tallapoosa River and Big Sandy
Creek, the work done by the Hydrographic Division of the
United States Geological Survey in this State deals exclusively
with the amount of water flowing in the streams, and is in-
tended to give a safe basis for calculation of lowt water volumes
at all seasons of the year, and for several consecutive years, in
order to arrive at their value for water power, irrigation, muni-
cipal supply, mining, navigation, etc. In order to do this cer-
tain convenient stations have been established on important
rivers. At each of these stations a gage rod is set to show the
fluctuations of the streams; and a gage reader is employed to'
observe the height of the water every morning at the same hour,
2











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


and to make a weekly report of the same to the Hydrographer-
in-charge. As far as possible the river stations of the United
States Weather Bureau and the United States Engineer Corps
have been utilized for this purpose. From time to time the
Hydrographer or one of his field assistants, visits the station
and makes an accurate meter discharge measurement of the
stream, noting the height of the water on the gage at the time
the discharge measurement is made. After a number of such
discharge measurements have been made at different gage-
heights, a rating table is made from the data thus obtained,
which gives the amount of water flowing in the stream, at that
station, for any gage-height shown on the rod. Thus, by in-
spection of the table of daily gage-heights, the flow of the
stream is shown for every day in the year, or years, covered by
the observation of gage-height. At seasons of uniform low
water, when the daily fluctuations of the rod are very slight for
weeks at a time, discharge measurements are made of the
stream at many points above and below the gage station in
order to establish a relation between the discharge at these
points and at the station. In like manner the principal tribu-
taries are measured for the same purpose, where it is practi-
cable to do so. In this way it is possible to arrive at a close
estimate of the flow of all the streams of the water-shed, and
make a rating of the gage for each that will represent its
flow under average conditions, not including the floods
caused by local rains. Such tributaries as have not been
measured can be estimated by water-shed comparison with
similar tributaries that have been measured.
In the following statement the actual gage-heights and
discharge measurements are given in order to show the data
upon which the conclusions are based. The regular gage
stations that have been utilized are:

Station. Stream. Observer. Paid by.
1-Milstead, Ala. ..... Tallapoosa River Seth Johnson... Ala. Geo. Sv.
2-Sturdevant, Ala.... Tallapoosa River B. F. Neighbors. Ala. Geo. Sv.
3-Dadeville, Ala ..... Big Sandy Creek T. H. Finch .... Ala. Geo. Sv.
4-Alexander City, Ala.Hillabee Creek.. J. H. Chisolm... Ala. Geo. Sv.
5-Nottingham, Ala... Talladega Creek. R. M. McClatchy.Ala. Geo. Sv.
6-Riverside, Ala......Coosa River..... J. W. Foster.... Ala. Geo. Sv.
7-Cordova, Ala. ......Black Warrior R A. B. Logan ..... Ala. Geo. Sv.
.8-Montgomery, Ala... Alabama River.. U. S. W. B ...... U. S. W. B.
9-Selma, Ala......... Alabama River.. U. S. W. B ...... U. S. W. B.
10-Tuscaloosa, Ala.... Black Warrior R'W. S. vyman, JrU. S. Eng. C.
11-Epes, Ala.......... Tombigbee River J. C. Horton.....A. G. S. Ry.
12-Rome, Ga.......... Coosa River..... W. M. Towers... U. S. W. B.
13-Chattanooga, Tenn. Tennessee River. U. S. W. B...... U. S. W. B.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


As the investigations in this State have been confined so
far mainly to the Mobile and Tennessee basins, only the
streams of these basins will be considered in the following
discussion. It is to be remembered that from West Point,
Ga., southwards, the' line of Alabama is on the west bank of
the Chattahoochee River, along the line where ordinary
vegetation ceases to grow. This leaves all of the water
power of the main stream on Georgia territory. There are
many creeks flowing into the river from Alabama, some of
which have considerable fall, as they come from a high
plateau. Holland Creek, opposite Columbus, Ga., furnishes
the Columbus water supply by gravity, having a fall of 117
feet in less than four miles. No doubt many of the others
have as much fall, but as they have not been examined, a
report on them cannot be made at present, but a recent
reconnaissance along the Chattahoochee gives the following
estimate of power obtained from some of them, 12 hours per
day for each foot of fall, if the water is stored during the
12 idle hours:

Big Uchee Creek, Russell County........ 7 H. P. per foot of fall.
Ihagee Creek, Russell County........... 2 H. P. per foot of fall.
Hatchechubbee Creek, Russell County... 7 H. P. per foot of fall.
Cowikee Creek, Barbour County......... 11 H. P. per foot of fall.
Yattayabba Creek, Henry County........ 9 H. P. per foot of fall.
Omussee Creek, Henry county........... 7 H. P. per foot of fall.


EXPLANATION OF STATION RECORDS AND TABULAR STATE-
MENTS DEDUCED THEREFROM.


GAGE HEIGHTS.
The "Table of Gage Heights" is a record of the height
of water on a gage rod, graded to feet and hundredths of
a foot, set into the river vertically, and fastened permanently
to a convenient tree or pier. The rod is read every day in
the year, at the same' time of day, which is about 8 o'clock
in the morning. Inches are not used in these records, as the
daily height of water on the gage is written in feet and deci-
mals of a foot.











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


DISCHARGE MEASUREMENTS.

These records show the date, the gage height at time of
measurement, and the amount of water in cubic feet per sec-
ond, or "second-feet," that is found by the measurement to
be flowing in the river. (Second-feet means the same as
cubic feet per second.) If we imagine a small stream filling
a rectangular flue I foot wide and I foot deep, we have a
stream whose sectional area is I square foot. The volume
of this- stream will vary in proportion to the speed with
which the water flows through the flume. If the water is
moving at a velocity of I foot per second, the flow or volume
of water is I cubic foot per second, and would fill a vessel
5 feet wide, 5 feet long, and 4 feet deep in just ioo seconds,
as such a vessel would hold Ioo cubic feet of water. If
the water in the flume I foot wide, and i foot deep flows with
a velocity of 2 feet per second, the volume will be 2 cubic
feet per second, or 2 second-feet, and so on for any other ve-
locity. In the same way if the flume is 20 feet wide, and 5
feet deep, its sectional area will be Ioo square feet, and if
the average velocity is 3 feet per second, the volume will be
300 cubic feet per second, or 300 second-feet. In each of
the discharge measurements here enumerated, a cross-sec-
tion of the stream is measured, and velocities taken with an
electric current-meter at many points of the cross-section.
Instead of multiplying the entire cross-section by an aver-
age velocity, the area was divided up into a large number of
small sections by soundings from. 5 to Io feet apart, and the
area of each of the small sections multiplied by the velocity
at the small section, thus giving the second-feet flowing in
each small section. The sum of the discharges of all the
small sections makes the total discharge of the stream.
RATING TABLE.
This is a table showing the discharges in second-feet
(cubic feet per second) for all stages of water on the gage.
Hence when the gage heights are known, the corresponding
discharges can be taken from the rating table and written
opposite each daily gage height, thus giving the flow in
cubic feet per second on each day in the entire year.









WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


ESTIMATED MONTHLY DISCHARGE, ETC.
This table gives in the first three columns, the maximum,
minimum, and mean discharge for each month in cubic feet
per second (second feet.) Column No. 4 gives the "total
acre feet" flowing down the stream during each month. An
"acre-foot" is the amount of water that would be necessary
to cover one acre with a depth of one foot, which is 43,560
cubic feet. It furnishes a convenient unit for storage, where
the water is to be used for irrigation. A cubic foot is practi-
cally 7.48 gallons, and is usually estimated at 7.5 gallons.
An acre-foot is 43,560 cubic feet, or 320,851 gallons. One
cubic foot per second flowing for 24 hours will cover an acre
to a depth of 1.98 feet. It is therefore customary in round
numbers to state that a cubic foot per second for a day of
24 hours is equivalent to 2 acre feet. Now, as one inch of
rainfall per hour falling for 12 hours would cover one acre
a foot deep, it is evident that rainfall at the rate of I inch
per hour will produce a flow of I cubic foot per second, or 2
acre feet per 24 hours for each acre of watershed, no allow-
ance being made for evaporation or percolation. It is also
convenient to remember that i,ooo,ooo gallons in a reservoir
are equal to a little more than 3 acre feet (3.069). In a
general way it may be said that water stored in reservoirs
is reckoned in acre-feet for irrigation, cubic feet for water'
power, and in millions of gallons for city water supply.
Columns 5 and 6 give the "run-off" from the drainage
area. The run-off in inches and decimals of an inch is given,
just as rainfall is given. For instance, a run-off of 2.23
inches from a given drainage area, means that enough water
ran off during the month to have covered the entire drain-
age area or water-shed to a depth of 2.23 inches. This is
convenient in estimating the proportion of the rain-fall on
any drainage area that can be stored for irrigation, city
water supply, or other purposes. The run-off in second-feet
per square mile of drainage area, is obtained by dividing the
mean discharge for the month by the number of square miles
in the drainage area, and is useful in estimating the mean
discharge of a tributary whose drainage area is known, and
in comparing different drainage areas. The "run-off" is
not a fixed percentage of the rainfall, but is that part of the
rainfall which is not lost by evaporation into the air, or by
percolation in subterranean outlets. Being a remainder and








GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


not a percentage, it necessarily forms a much larger propor-
tion of a heavy annual rainfall than it does of a small annual
rainfall. For instance, in the Crystalline region of Georgia
or Alabama where the annual precipitation is 45 to' 55 inches,
the run-off from the water-sheds is equal to fully one-half
of the rainfall, while in regions having a precipitation of
only o1 to 20 inches annually, the run-off is frequently less
than one-fifth of the rainfall. Again, the geological charac-
ter of the water-shed makes a vast difference in the run-off,
even where the annual rainfall is the same, and where practi-
cally the same conditions of climate, topography, forest area
and cultivation exist. There will be a smaller run-off from
the water-shed having permeable geological strata under-
neath it, into which a part of the rain water can percolate,
and furnish the supply to artesian wells in the lower country
under which the same strata run, without regard to surface
topography. In a comparison of two such water-sheds, one
in the crystalline region,, and the other in a regularly strati-
fied formation, the difference of run-off should form a basis
for estimating the artesian supply obtainable from the latter
as a fountain head.









































PLATE A. Bridge at Milstead on Tallapoosa River.














CHAPTER II.


TALLAPOOSA RIVER AND TRIBUTARIES.

1. TALLAPOOSA RIVER AT MILSTEAD, ALABAMA.
Tallapoosa River rises in the west-central part of Georgia
and flows in a southwesterly direction into Alabama, where
it joins the Coosa, to form Alabama River, 6 miles above
Montgomery, Alabama. Its upper tributaries drain an area
between the Chattahoochee and Coosa basins. At Tallassee,
Alabama, it crosses the southern fall line. The shoals at
this place have a fall of 60 feet, forming an obstruction to
navigation. The drainage area is largely wooded, with cul-
tivated fields at short intervals. A gaging station was estab-
lished at Milstead on August 7, 1897, at the bridge of the
Tallassee & Montgomery Railway, about one-fourth of a
mile from Milstead, Alabama. The bridge is of iron, two
spans of about 155 feet each, with short wooden trestles at
each end. The initial point of measurement is the end of the
iron bridge, left bank, downstream side. The rod of wire
gage is fastened to outside of guard rail on downstream side
of bridge. The bench mark is top of second cross beam from
left-bank pier, downstream end, and is 60.0o feet above
datum. The channel is straight at the bridge, and bends
above and below. The current is sluggish at low water and
obstructed by center pier of bridge. The banks are high,
but overflow at extreme high water for several hundred feet
on each side. The bed is fairly constant, and all water is con-
fined to the main channel by railroad embankments. The
observer is Seth Johnson, a farmer and fruit grower, Mil-
stead, Alabama. The plate A opposite shows this station.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1897 by Max Hall:
May 3, gage height, 6.20 feet; discharge, 7,333 second-feet.
July 15, gage height, 1.95 feet; discharge, 1,692 second-feet.
August 7, gage height, 2.42 feet; -discharge, 2,292 second-feet.
September 4, gage height, 1.60 feet; discharge, 1,271 second-feet.
November 23, gage height, 1.20 feet; discharge, 677 second-feet.
December 16, gage height, 3.58 feet; discharge, 4,210 second-feet.












GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


*Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala-
bama, from August to December, 1897.


Day. Aug. Sept.

1........ ...... 1.70
2....... ....... 1.80
3...... ...... 1.60
4...... .... 1.60
5........ .. 1.60
6........ .... 1.40
7........ 2.45 1.40
8........ 1.90 1.30
9........ 1.70 1.20
10........ *1.50 1.20
11........ 1.50 1.10
12........ 2.70 1.10
13........ 2.20 1.10
14........ 2.00 1.10
15........ 1.80 1.40
16........ 1.60 1.20


Oct. Nov. Dec


Day. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec

17....... 1.90 1.10 0.80 1.20 2.80
18........ 2.20 1.00 .90 1.20 2.40
19........ 2.80 1.10 .90 1.20 2.10
20........ 9.70 1.10 .90 1.10 2.00
21........ 7.40 1.10 .80 1.20 I 1.9B
22....... 8.50 1.00 .80 1.10 2.00
23........ 5.30 1.00 .90 1.10 2.40
24........ 3.40 1.00 .90 1.20 2.40
25........ 2.90 1.00 .80 1.20 2.40
26........ 2.80 1.00 .90 1.20 2.80
27........ 2.30 1.00 .90 1.20 2.60
28........ 2.00 .90 .90 1.60 2.50
29........ 1.80 .90 .90 1.50 2.30
30........ 1.70 .80 .90 1.50 2.20
31 ........ 1.70 ...... 90 ...... 2.40


*See explanation, pages 11 to 14.


Rating table for Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Alabama, for 1897.






Feel. Second-feet Feet. Second-fee Feet S4econd-feet Feet. See d-feet.
ii



0.5 330 1.5 1,070 3.0 3,129 5.0 5,909
0.6 350 1.6 1,200 3.2 3,407 5.2 6,187
0.7 380 1.7 1,333 3.4 3,685 5.4 6,465
0.8 420 1.8 1,467 3.6 3,963 5.6 6,743
0.9 470 1.9 1,600 3.8 4,241 5.8 7,021
1.0 530 2.0 1,733 4.0 4,519 6.0 7,299
1.1 620 2.2 2,007 4.2 4,797 7.0 8,689
1.2 720 2.4 2,285 4.4 5,075 8.0 10,079
1.3 830 2.6 2,573 4.6 5,353 9.0 11,469
1.4 950 2.8 2,851 4.8 5,631

NOTE-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.















WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


The following discharge measurements were made during
1898 by Max Hall and others:

Jan. 19-Gage height, 2.13 feet; discharge, 1,889 second-feet.
Feb. 19-Gage height, 2.20 feet; discharge, 2,045 secod-feet.
March 18-Gage height, 2.b6 feet; discharge, 2,646 second-feet.
April 26-Gage height, 5.83 feet; discharge, 6,648 second-feet.
May 17-Gage height, 1.55 feet; discharge, 1,059 second-feet.
June 22-Gage height, 3.05 feet; discharge, 3,421 second-feet.
July 7-Gage height, 1.62 feet; discharge, 1,262 second-feet.
Aug. 5-Gage height, 13.67 feet; discharge, 15,295 second-feet.
Sept. 3-Gage height, 2.76 feet; discharge, 3,010 second-feet.
Nov. 29-Gage height, 5.16 feet; discharge, 5,477 second-feet.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Alabama,
for 1898.


Day Jan. |


1......... 2.90
2......... 1.90
3......... 1.80
4......... 1.70
5......... 1.70
6.......... 1.80
7......... 1.80
8......... 1.80
9......... 1.90
10......... 1.90
11......... 1.90
12......... 2.40
13......... 2.40
S14......... 2.60
15......... 2.40
16......... 2.40
17......... 2.40
18......... 2.30
19......... 2.20
20......... 2.20
21......... 3.10
2?......... 3.10
23......... 3.00
24......... 2.90
25 ........ 2.60
26 ........ 2.90
27......... 3.60
28......... 3.90
29 ......... 3.10
30......... 2.65
31 ........ 2.40


Feb. Mar. AprilMay Jun. July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec
_________________________ ___________ ________________________


2.30 1.90
2.20 1.80
2.10 1.90
2.00 2.40
2.00 2.90
2.00 2.80
2.00 2.50
2.00 2.30
2.00 2.20
1.90 2.00
1.90 2.00
1.90 2.00
1.90 1.90
1.90 1.90
1.80 2.70
1.80 2.60
1.80 2.50
1.90 2.60
2.20 2.50
2.30 2.40
2.30 2.20
2.10 2.00
2.00 1.90
2.00 1.90
1.90 1.80
1.80 1.80
1.90 1.80
1.90 1.70
..... 2.20
..... 4.20
...... 5.30


2.60 1.10
2. J 1.10
2.20 1.10
2.10 1.10
2.00 1.10
2.00 1.10
1.90 1.00
1.90 .90
1.80 .90
1.80 .90
1.70 .80
1.70 .90
1.70 1."0
1.60 1.20
1.60 1.10
1.60 1.20
1.60 2.10
1.60 1.80
1.50 1.40
1.50 1.40
1.40 1.40
1.40 3.00
1.30 2.40
1.30 2.20
1.20 2:10
1.20 1.80
1.20 1.50
1.30 1.80
1.20 2.70
1.20 1.90
1.10 ..


' '










GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Alabama, for 1898.


be
Cea
0


Feet.

0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3


Second Ft.


540
655
770
885
1,000
1,115
1,230
1,345
1,460
1,575
1,690
1,805
1,920
2,035
2,150
2,265 1


e! e

Ce


Feet. Second Ft.


2.4 2,380
2.5 2,495
2.6 2,610


Z,725
2,840
2,955
3,070
3,645
4,220
4,795
5,370
5,945
6,520
7,095
7,670
8,245


S{

a ia


Feet. Second Ft.


8.0 8,820
8.5 9,395
9.0 .9,970
9.5 10,545
10.0 11,120
10.5 11,695
11.0 12,270
11.5 12,845
12.0 13,420
12.5 13,995
13.0 14,570
13.5 15,145
14.0 15,720
14.5 16,295
15.0 16,870


NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1899 by Max Hall:

April 17-Gage height, 6.34 feet; discharge, 7,444 second-feet.
April 18-Gage height, 5.63 feet; discharge, 6,853 second-feet.
May 17-Gage height, 2.80 feet; discharge, 3,000 second-feet.
June 26-Gage height, 2.05 feet; discharge, 1,847 second-feet.
September 9-Gage height, 1.36 feet; discharge, 1,016 second-feet.
November 8-Gage height, 1.25 feet; discharge, 972 second-feet.
December 18-Gage height, 2.66 feet; discharge, 2,844 second-feet.


II











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA. 19


Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River, at Milstead, Ala-
bama, for 1899.


Day Jan. Feb. Mar. ApriljMay Jun. July Aug.Sept. Oct.INov. Dec


1......... 5.00 17.00 27.00 18.00 4.30 2.40 2.80 3.00 2.40 0.70 1.50 2.40
2......... 4,60 11.60 19.00 12.20 4.00 2.90 2.30 2.70 2.30 .70 1.40 3.50
3......... 3.90 24.50 13.50 6.50 3.90 2.40 1.90 3.10 2.10 .80 1.40 2.60
4......... 3.90 20.00 9.60 6.40 3.80 2.40 1.80 3.10 2.00 .90 1.30 2.60
5......... 3.90 12.90 14.20 8.50 3.70 2.30 1.iiO 2.50 1.80 1.00 1.30 2.90
6......... 3.80 11.90 13.20 9.70 3.60 2.20 1.50 2.30 1.60 1.40 1.20 2.20
7......... 7.40 17.50 10.10 10.30 3.50 2.10 1.50 2.20 1.60 1.40 1.20 2.00
8......... 8.00 27.00 8.60 13.00 3.60 2.00 2.00 2.00 1.40 1.30 1.20 1.90
9......... 7.10 19.00 7.70 13.00 3.50 1.90 2.20 1.80 1.40 1.30 1.20 1.80
10......... 6.40 13.80 7.20 11.20 3.40 1.70 2.00 1.60 1.30 1.30 1.20 1.90
11......... 1S.50 10.00 6.80 8.40 3.30 1.90 1.80 1.50 1.20 1.40 1.30 2.00
12......... 16.80 8.30 6.60 7.00 3.20 2.00 1.70 1.70 1.20 1.40 1.30 15.20
13......... 13.00 7.40 6.50 6.50 3.10 2.00 1.50 1.60 1.20 1.30 1.30 13.20
14......... 11.60 7.00 6.40 6.20 3.10 2.70 1.40 1.60 1.10 1.30 1.30 8.20
15......... 9.40 6.10 7.20 6.00 3.00 2.70 1.30 1.50 1.00 1.20 1.30 5.00
16......... 7.80 10.40 12.20 7.10 2.90 2.60 1.30 4.00 1.00 1.10 1.30 3.70
17......... 12.70 11.50 11.00 6.60 2.80 2.10 1.20 3.90 1.00 1.20 1.60 3.00
18......... 10.00 i1.60 10.20 5.60 2.70 1.90 1.10 2.20 1.00 1.10 1.50 2.60
19......... 8.00 9.30 14.80 5.50 2.60 1.80 1.60 1.90 1.10 1.20 1.50 2.50
20......... 6.650 8.30 13.90 5.40 2.50 1.80 1.40 1.70 1.00 1.30 1.50 2.70
21......... 5.70 8.30 10.40 5.20 2.60 1.70 8.40 1.50 .90 1.40 1.40 2.70
22......... 5.30 8.40 8.30 5.00 2.70 1.50 16.75 1.60 1.00 1.50 1.40 2.70
23......... 5.10 7.60 8.10 4.90 2.60 1.50 14.00 2.00 1.00 1.60 1.60 2.60
24......... 5.20 6.90 12.70 6.00 3.30 1.50 16.95 2.60 .90 1.80 1.80 9.30
25......... 5.20 6.40 8.70 10.00 4.60 1.50 7.90 1.90 .90 1.50 2.20 9.40
26......... 5.10 6.30 7.30 7.50 3.30 2.00 6.70 1.80 .90 1.40 4.60 7.20
27......... 4.80 25.00 6.90 6.60 2.80 2.50 6.80 3.70 .90 1.30 6.20 5.00
28......... 4.70 37.00 6.80 5.80 2.60 2.50 8.40 2.80 .80 1.20 4.80 4.00
29......... 5.10 ...... 9.00 4.90 2.50 2.20 10.10 2.10 .80 1.50 3.60 3.50
30......... 5.20 ...... 8.90 4.60 2.60 2.70 5.40 1.90 .80 1.50 2.80 3.10
31......... 6.50 ...... 13.85 ...... 2.50 .. .. 4.40 2.30 ...... 1.60 ...... 2.90











20 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Rating table for Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Alabama, for 1899.


C,


en


Second Ft.


320
430
550
672
795
918
1,041
1,164
1,287
1,410
1,533
1,656
1,779
1,902
2,517
3,132
3,747
4,362
4,977
5,592
6,207
6,822


fbe
b3


Fec(. Second Feet.


7,437
8,052
8,667
9,282
9,897
10,512
11,127
11,742
12,357
12,972
13,587
14,202
14,817
15,432
16,047
16,662
17,277
17,892
18,507
19,122
19,737
20,352


bo
'3

et.


Feet.


17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0
20.5
21.0
21.5
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.5
24.0
24.5
25.0
25.5
26.0
26.5
27.0
27.5
27.9


ba
Fo

CO

Second 5
,Secondlyt.


20,977
21,582
22,179
22,812
23,427
24,042
24,657
25,272
25,887
26,502
27J117
27,732
28,347
28,962
29,577
30,192
30,807
31,422
32,037
32,652
33,287
33,779


NOTE-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.

During the year 1900 the following discharge measure-
ments were made by Max Hall:

Feb. 23-Gage height, 9.20 feet; discharge, 9,956 second-feet.
March 5-Gage height, 6.70 feet; discharge, 7,088 second-feet.
Dec. 3-Gage height, 2.95 feet; discharge, 3,031 second-feet.

















WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River near Milstead, Ala-
bama, for 1900.


Day. Jan. Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec


1.......
2.......
3........
4........

6.......
7.......
8......
9.......
10........
11......
12......

14...
15.......
16........

17........
18........

19........
16........
17........
18........
19 ........
20........
21........
22 ........
22........
23........
24 ........
25........

27........

28........
29........
30........
31........


2.70 2.50
2.60 2.40
2.40 2.30
2.30 4.50
2.30 4.20
2.30 4.30
2.20 4.40
2.20 3.80
2.20 5.20
2.20 8.90
2.60 19.00
7.30 30.00
6.00 43.25
4.60 42.00
4.00 31.90
3.40 22.80
3.00 13.50
2.90 8.90
3.70 7.00
9.50 6.10
7.50 6.50
5.90 9.80
4.60 9.50
3.90 8.90
3.50 8.40
3.10 8.00
3.00 7.00
2.80 6.00
2.70 ......
2.60 ......
2.50 ......


13.20 5.50
13.10 5.30
10.70 5.00
8.00 5.30
6.80 4.80
6.10 4.70
5.60 4.60
10.90 4.60
13.80 4.50
12.70 4.60
10.00 5.50
7.90 10.60
6.60 11.50
5.90 9.00
5.40 6.60
7.00 5.30
7.20 4.70
5.60 13.90
5.40 17.00
6.00 15.00
11.40 16.90
10.50 13.30
7.60 10.30
15.50 13.20
15.20 12.50
16.00 9.40
13.70 7.50
11.20 6.40
8.70 6.20
7.10 6.10
6.20 .....


The following measurements were made by Max Hall and
James R. Hall during 1901:

Feb. 12-Gage height, 10.70 feet; discharge, 11,759 second-feet.
March 13-Gage height, 5.55 feet; discharge, 5,644 second-feet.
October 29-Gage height, 1.70 feet; discharge, 1,583 second-feet.














GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala., for 1901.


Day. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr May./Jun July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.


1....... 14.30 7.40 5.30 26.00 5.0u 8.-'0 5.10 2.10 4.00 2.20 1.70 2.00
2....... 15.50 7.20 5.20 22.00 4.80 8.60 4.20 2.20 3.50 2.90 1.70 2.00
3....... 14.50 7.50 5.10 23.00 4.70 9.7, 4.30 2.30 2.90 6.10 1.70 1.95
4....... 11.00 24.07 5.00 18.00 4.60 10.90 4.00 2.20 2.70 6.40 1.80 2.20
5....... 9.80 26.00 4.90 14.20 4.40 8.00 3.30 2.10 2.40 5.10 1.95 2.40
6....... 8.70 18.30 4.70 10.80 4.30 7.. ( 3.60 2.10 2.20 4.00 1.'95 2.40
7....... 7.40 12.60 4.50 9.60 4.20 12.10 4.00 2.60 2.10 3.20 2.00 2.30
8....... 6.10 10.50 4.40 7.20 4.20 10.10 4.80 2.60 2.00 2.50 1.90 2.20
9....... 5.30 13.10 4.40 6.80 4.10 6.30 4.70 2.30 2.00 2.10 1.90 2.20
10....... 5.00 14.00 4.70 6.20 3.90 5.90 3.70 2.30 1.90 2.00 2.00 2.20
11....... 6.00 12.60 7.70 5.80 3.80 4.50 2.90 2.10 1.90 1.90 1.90 2.30
12....... 24.20 10.90 6.00 5.60 3.80 4.10 2.60 2.30 1.80 1.90 1.80 2.50
13....... 30.50 9.80 5.50 6.10 3.80 4.20 2.60 2.90 1.80 1.90 1.80 2.40
14....... 22.00 8.20 6.00 8.80 4.50 5.:( 2.10 2.50 2.80 2.00 1.15 2.60
15....... 18.00 7.70 5.50 10.70 4.30 7.30 2.20 2.10 4.20 2.10 1.75 6.00
16....... 11.50 6.90 5.10 8.70 4.00 5.70 2.30 3.20 3.10 2.10 1.80 13.40
17....... 12.20 6.60 4.50 7.70 3.60 6.00 5.30 8.90 3.00 2.00 1.80 9.00
18....... 12.10 6.50 4.10 11.00 3.60 4.80 8.00 5.60 1.90 1.80 6.00
19....... 9.70 6.30 4.00 23.00 3.o0 4.40 4.30 6.60 9.10 1.90 1.90 3.90
20....... 8.00 6.20 6.00 22.00 5.50 4.00 3.50 5.90 7.10 1.80 2.10 3.60
21....... 7.10 5.90 7.90 13.40 10.60 3i. 3.30 9.60 5.00 1.80 2.20 3.40
22....... 6.80 5.80 6.30 10.70 16.20 3.30 3.10 7.20 3.80 1.70 2:20 3.20
23....... 6.40 5.70 6.20 8.90 14.20 3.30 2.80 20.75 2.70 1.70 2.30 3.10
24....... 6.20 6.00 10.10 7.60 12.00 3.20 3.50 21.00 2.30 1.70 2.20 3.10
25....... 7.00 6.10 8.90 6.90 9.00 9.10 2.40 9.40 2.10 1.70 2.20 3.00
26....... 6.80 6.10 10.20 6.50 10.00 3.10 2.20 5.90 2.10 1.60 2.10 2.90
27....... 6.70 6.00 14.30 6.10 8.40 2.9(1 2.50 4.20 2.00 1.70 2.30 2.95
28....... 6.70 5.50 17.50 5.80 6.40 2.80 2.50 5.90 2.10 1.70 2.20 3.05
29....... 6.60 ...... 15.00 5.50 6.00 2.60 2.30 8.70 2.30 1.70 2.10 38.00
30....... 6.80 ...... 9.90 5.20 5.10 2.60 2.20 7.70 2.50 1.70 2.00 47.00
31....... 7.00 ...... 31.50 .... 4.80 .. ... 2.20 4.70 ... 1.70 ..... 39.00












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala., for 1900 and 1901.




b C)V
C 4 C C


Feel. Second Ft. Feel. Second Ft Feet. Second Ft.


1.5 1,337 4.1 3,262 18.0 19,900
1.6 1,450 4.2 4,375 19.0 21,025
1.7 1,562 4.3 4,487 20.0 22,150
1.8 1,675 4.4 4,600 21.0 23,275
1.9 1,787 4.5 4,712 22.0 24,400
2.0 1,900 4.6 4,825 23.0 25,525
2.1 2,012 4.7 4,937 24.0 26,650
2.2 2,125 4.8 5,050 25.0 27,775
2.3 2,237 4.9 5,162 26.0 28,900
2.4 2,350 5.0 5,275 27.0 30,025
2.5 2,462 5.5 5,837 28.0 31,150
2.6 2,575 6.0 6,400 29.0 32,275
2.7 2,687 6.5 6,962 30.0 33,400
2.8 2,800 7.0 7,525 31.0 34,525
2.9 2,912 7.5 8,087 32.0 35,650
3.0 3,025 8.0 8,650 33.0 36,775
3.1 3,137 8.5 9,212 34.0 37,900
3.2 3,250 9.0 9,775 35.0 39,025
3.3 3,362 10.0 10,900 36.0 41,150
3.4 3,475 11.0 12,025 37.0 41,275
3.5 3,587 12.0 13,150 38.0 42,400
3.6 3,700 13.0 14,275 39.0 43,525
3.7 3,812 14.0 15,400 40.0 44,650
3.8 3,925 15.0 16,525 41.0 45,775
3.9 4,037 16.0 17,650 42.0 46,900
4.0 4,150 17.0 18,775 43.0 48,025

NOTE-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.












24 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

*Estimated monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala.

[Drainage area, 3,840 square miles.]

Discharge in second-feet. Run-off.

Month. Second.
Maxi- Mini- Total in Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. acre- in square
feet. inches. mile.
1897.
August, 7-31 ........ 12,440 1,070 3,173 157,340 0.77 0.83
September .... ...... 1,467 420 742 44,155 0.21 0.19
October ............. 470 380 424 26,070 0.12 0.11
November .... ...... 1,200 470 729 43,379 0.21 0.19
December .......... 6,604 1,070 2,214 136,135 0.67 0.58
1898.
January ...... ...... 4,105 1,575 2,426 149,170 0.72 0.63
February .... ....... 2,265 1,690 1,912 106,187 0.52 0.50
March ...... ....... 5,715 1,575 2,313 142,222 0.69 0.60
April ....... ....... 21,240 2,150 5,748 342,029 1.67 1.50
May ....... ........ 2,610 885 1,493 91,802 0.45 0.39
June ........ ...... 3,070 540 1,314 78,188 0.38 0.34
July ...... ......... 5,485 885 2,493 153,290 0.75 0.65
August ...... ...... 25,610 1,920 7,418 456,118 2.22 1.93
September .... ..... 6,520 1,345 2,637 156,912 0.77 0.69
October ..... ...... 36,420 1,115 7,280 447,633 2.19 1.90
November .... ..... 16,180 2,035 6,049 359,940 1.76 1.58
December ........... 11,120 3,530 5,741 353,003 1.73 1.50
1899.
January ........... 22,197 4,116 8,417 517,541 2.53 2.19
February .... ...... 44,952 6,945 15,688 871,267 4.26 4.09
March ............. 32,652 7,314 12,399 762,385 3.72 3.23
April ...... ........ 21,582 5,100 9,016 536,489 2.62 2.35
May ............... 4,731 2,517 3,351 206,045 1.00 0.87
June ...... ........ 2,999 1,287 2,040 121,388 0.59 0.53
July ............... 20,290 795 4,985 306,516 1.50 1.30
August ............. 4,362 1,287 2,222 136,625 0.67 0.58
September .... ..... 2,394 430 984 58,552 0.29 0.26
October ...... ...... 1,656 320 1,014 62,348 0.30 0.26
November .... ...... 7,068 918 1,787 106,334 0.53 0.47
December .... ...... 18,138 1,656 4,728 290,713 1.42 1.23
1900.
January ............ 10,335 2,125 3,728 229,226 1.12 0.97
February .... ....... 48,305 2,237 12,950 719,206 3.50 3.37
March ............. 17,650 5,723 10,208 627,665 3.07 2.66
April ...... ........ 18,775 4,7121 9,016 536,489 2.62 2.35
May ....... ........ 6,736 2,462 3,718 228,611 1.12 0.97
June ...... ......... 27,831 2,575 8,317 494,896 2.42 2.17
July ...... ......... 11,572 2,462 5,405 332,340 1.63 1.41
August ............. 6,960 1,675 2,814 173,026 0.84 0.73
September .......... 28,447 1,337 4,975 296,033 1.45 1.30
October ............. 13,262 1,337 3,787 232,854 1.14 0.99
November .... ...... 11,460 2,462 4,224 251,345 1.23 1.10
December .......... 18,775 2,800 6,475 398,132 1.95 1.69
The year ....... 48,305 1,337 6,301 4,519,823 22.09 1.64
*See explanation page 13.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Estiinated monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River near Milstead. Ala.

[Drainage arl'a. 3.,40 squareI miles.]

Discharge in second-feet. Run-oiff.

Month. i Second-
Mixi- Mini- |Depth feet per
muiim. mum. Mean. in isqua re
incllehes. mile.


1901.
January ......... ......... 33,962 5,275 11,476 3.451 2.99
February ......... ........ 28,900 5,837 10.440 2.83, 2.72
March ...... ...... ........ 35,087 4,150 8,374 2.52 2.18
April ...... ........ ......... 28,900 5,499 12,020 3.491 3.13
May ........ ............. 17,875 3,587 6,440 1.94 1.68
June ........ ....... ........ 13,262 2,775 5,976 1.741 1.56
July ........ ........ ........ 5,387 2,012 3,398 1.011 .88
August ...... ....... ........ 23,275 2,012 5,904 1.781 1.54
September .... ...... ......I 9,887 1.6751 3,1371 .911 .82
October ...... ...... ........ 6,849 1,5621 2,364 .711 .62
November ...... ...... ...... 2,237 1,5621 1,855 .54 .48
December ............ ....... *70,000 1,8431 8,282 2.49 2.16
The year ...... .......... *70,000 1,5621 6,639 23.41 1.73

*Approximate.


JAN. FEB. MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC
10 20 O) 20 01 20 10 20 10 20 10 20 10 20 10 20 1020 1020 10 20 10 20


Fig. 1-Discarg1 of Ta a R r at MId Ala 1

Fig. 1-Discharge of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala., 1897.











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Fig. 2-Dischiarge of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala.. 1898.


Fig. 3-Discharge of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala.. 1899.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


The amount of water delivered from the drainage basin as
measured at the points named below has been computed in
terms of depth in inches. The normal given are the monthly
averages for times during which m-easuremepts or computa-
tions were had. The figures for the yearly normal are the
sums of these monthly averages.

Depth of run-off in inches from the drainage basin of Tallapoosa
River at Milstead, Ala.

Day. 6

Normal ... 1.96 2.7 2.50 2.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.38 .86 1.C9 1.02 1.90 19.70
1898 .......... .2 . 1.6 .45 .38 .75 2.2 .77 2.19 1., 1.73 13.85
1899 ......... 2. 4. 3. 2 1.00 .5 1.50 .67 .29 .30 .53 1.42 19.43
1900 ......... 1. 3. 3. 2.62| 1.1 2.42 1.63 .84 1.45 1.14 1.23 1.95 22.09
1901 ......... 3.4 2.83 2. 3.49 1.94 1.74 1.01 1.78 .91 .71 .54 2.49 23.41


Minimum monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River at Milstead, Ala.,
with corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a water
wheel realizing 80 per cent. of the theoretical power.


January ...
February
March ...
April .....
May ....
June .. ...
July ....
August ..
September
October ...
November
December


4,116
6,945
7,314
5,100
2,517
1,287
795
1,287
430
320
918
1,656


iol

2,125
2,231
5,725
4,712
2,462|
2,5751
2,4621
1,675|
1,337
1,337[
2,4621
2,800o


1900


as



1 , 0
E



193 4
203 1
520 2
428 1
224 1
234 1
224 2
152 1
122 2
122 1
2441 9i
2551 31


a
E8 /
.^s


5,2751
5,837
4,150
5,500
3,587
2,575
2,012
2,012
1,675
1,5621
1,562
1,843


1901



'Ec






480 1
5311 1
377 1
500 1
326 2
234 2
183 1
183 5
1521 2
142 10
142 3
1681 1


NOTE-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any months multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.












GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


2. T".ALIAPOOS.\ RIVER NEAR SUSANNA. ALABAMA.

This station was established July 27, 90oo, by J. R. Hall.
It is located at the mouth of Blue Creek, which is to feet
above the east landing of McCartv's ferry, 13 miles south-
west of Dadeville. and 3 miles from Susanna, the nearest
postoffice. The r:d is graduated to feet and tenths; it is 18
'feet long, and is nailed vertically to a tree overhanging the
water on the south side of the creek at the junction of the
creek and the river. The gage is referred to a bench mark
on a white hickory tree about 40 feet from the rod on the
south bank of the creek, and is 376.67 feet above tide water.
Discharge measurements are made from a boat held in place
by a wire stretched across the river, upon which the distances
from the initial point are tagged. The section is an exception-
ally good one, depth and current being almost uniform the
entire width of the stream. The observer, is T. A. Walls, a
farmer who lives i mile from the station. During 1900 and
19o0 the following discharge measurements were made by
James R. Hall:

1900:
July 27-Gage height, 1.80 feet; discharge, 2,309 second-feet.
August 9-Gage height, 1.55 feet; discharge, 1,900 second-feet.
September 28-Gage height, 1.50 feet; discharge, 1,809 second-feet.
November 24-Gage height, 2.40 feet; discharge, 3,629 second-feet.
1901:
July 9-Gage height, 2.80 feet; discharge, 5,628 second-feet.
Feb. 27.-Gage height, 2.90 feet; discharge, 5,135 second-feet.
NOTE-The gage was washed away, and this station was discon-
tinued on March 30th, 1901.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River, near Susanna, Ala.,
for 1900.


Day.

........... 580 2.40 1.40 1.801 2.00
2..... ...... 4.00 3.80140 1.70 2.00
3...... ...... 2.00 4.80 1.40 1.70 2.10
4...... ... 180 4.20 1.35 1.5 2.20
5....... ...... 1.80 2.25 1.30 1.65 2.30
6...... ...... 2 1.50 2.80 1.65 2.50
7...... ...... 2.20 1.45 3.00 1.60 2.40
8 ..... ...... 7 1.45 2.50 1.60 2.40
9......1...... 1. 1. 1.8 1.60 2.40
10 .....I ..... 1.50 1.35 1.80 1.60 2.30
11.......... 1.40 1.35 1.15 1.60 2.10
12.....(....... 1.40 1.351 1.701 1.551 2.00
13...... ......| 1.40 1.351 1.901 1.551 1.90
14........... 1.40 1.301 2.40J 1.601 3.90
15...... ..... 1.401 1.351 2.45 1.61, 3.90
16...... I ...... 1.90111.701 2.401 1.601 2.80


Day.
__ > 17...... ......I 1.95| 8.401 2.351 1.751 2.60
18...... I ...... 1.95 4.801 2.3,1 1 .7. 2.50
19...... ...... 1.80 3.001 2.201 1:80 2.40
20............ 1.7 2. 5 2.101 1.851 4.50
21...... ...... 1 .70 1.80 1.90 851 5 6.80
22..... ...... 1.70 1.80 1.70| 1.901 4.50
23...... .... 1.90 1.80 3.901 2.401 4.00
24..... ...... 2.00 1.70 6.001 2.401 4.00
25 .......... 2.05 1.601 5.001 3.00| 3.70
26............ 2.50 1.50| 4.301 4.90[ 3.20
27...... 1.8 2.15 1.501 4.101 4.201 2.80
28...... 1. 2.001 1.501 2.30 3.901 2.70
29...... 1.80 1.90 1.45 2.20 3.001 2.60
30......... 4.0 1.80 1.45 1.901 2.801 2.70
31 ...... .68 2.25 ..... 11.851..... 2.90
I I I












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA. 29


Daily gage height of Tallapoosa liver at Susaunna. Ala.. for 190/.


Day. Jan.Feb. Mar.1 Da y. Jan. Feb. [Mar.


1........ (i.0 3.40 2.701
2 ........ ;. i) 3.45 2.0;(0
3........I 5.1 3.30 I2.05
4........ 4.5 11.50 2.70L
5........ 3.9 9.50 2.B5
t6........ 3.5 ;.5(0
....... 3.2 4.40 : '
. ........ 3.0 4.30
9........ 2.9 4.80 2..5
10........ 1 2.S i 4.90 1 ..
11........ 3.4 4.50 i


12 ........ 13.5 1 4.0 3.10
13....... 11. b 3.50 2.90
14....... .| 3.04 2..60
15 ........ 6.1 3.30 2.50
16 ....... 4.5 3.20 2.40
17........ 5.0 3.10 2.40
1S........ 4.5 3.10 2| .40
19........ 3.9 3.(5 2.45
20........ 3 3.1 03.11 3.00
21 ....... 3.2 2. ;0 1 3.40
22........ | 3.1 2.85 I 2.90


Day. [Jan. Feb. Mar.


2! 3.0 2.S 2.70
4 ........ 3.1 2. O I 3.30
25........1 3.4 3. (0 3.40
2; I.... .1 3 1 3.00 3.1i0
2; ........ 3.2 2 .9U0 7.40
28 ........ 3.1 2.SO I 6.90
2', ....... 3.0 ... . .10
3 ........ 3. . 4.10
:;I ... . :t . I


Rating table for


Tallapoosa River. at Susanna, Ala., 1900 arid 1901.


Gage Height. Discharge. Gage Height. Discharge.


1.0 ...4.0 11.030
1.2 .. 4.2 11,930
1.4 1,680 4.4 12,830
1.6 1,960 4.6 13,730
1.8 2,320 4.8 14,630
2.0 2,740 5.0 15,530
2.2 3,230 5.5 17,780
2.4 3.850 6.0 20,030
2.6 4,730 6.5 22,280
2.8 5,630 7.0 24,530
3.0 6,530 8.0 29,030
3.2 7,430 9.0 33,530
3.4 8,330 10.0 38,030
3.6 9,230 11.0 42,530
3.8 10,130 11.7 45,680
No-ri:-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.

Est'imafted monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River. near Susanna,
Alabama.
[Dn il g a et:,a. 2.h10 sq(,llal' miles.J


Run-off.


Minaill I '1 Secolnd
Maxi- Miini- Tohtal in I)epth feet per
muin. mnm. I 1l n. alle- I ill square
feet. liniches,. mile.
~ T I I I I

1900. I
July 27 to 31 ......... ....... ........ 8.364 ......... I ... I ......
August .... ........ 19.130 1.6801 3,2581 200,3271 1.441 1.25
September ..........| 45,6801 1.5701 6,0831. 361,9641 2.601 2.33
October ..... ..... 20.030 1,570] 4,7761 293,6651 2.111 1.83
November .......... 15,0801 1,8851 3.6761 218,7371 1.57! 1.41
December .... ...... 19.1301 2.5201 6.2881 386,634| 2.781 2.41


DisclIarge in seco.d-fi-t.










GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Estimated monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River, near Susanna,
Alabama.
[Drainage area, 2.610 square miles.]


Discharge in second-feet Run-off.

Month. Second.
Maxi- Mini- Depth feet per
m m. um. Mean. in square
inches. mile.

1901.
January .................... 53,780 5,630 13,265 5.86 5.08
February ................... 44,780 5,630 11,303 4.51 4.33
March .. .. ...... .. 26,330 3,850 7,546 3.31 2.89

Minimum monthly discharge of Tallapoosa River at Susanna, Ala.,
with corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a water
wheel realizing 80 per cent. of the theoretical power.
[Drainage area. 2.610 square miles.]


1900




pE u"
l l l .
*^ 1^ a1


July ... ....
August .....
September ....
October ......
November ....
December ....


2,320 211
1,680 153
1,570 143
1,570 143
1,885 171
2,520 229


2 January .....
5 February ...
1 iMarch .
1
2
1


1901

C'a

a0 C. 'i





5,630 512 1
5,630 512 2
3,850 350 4


NOTE-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.

3. TALLAPOOSA RIVER, NEAR STURDEVANT, ALABAMA.

This station was established July 19, 1900, by J. R. Hall.
It is located at the bridge, Columbus & Western Division of
the Central of Georgia Railroad, a fourth of a mile west of
Sturdevant. The gage rod is 20 feet high, and is graduated
to feet and tenths. It is in two sections, and is fastened verti-


I











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA. 31


call, the shorter section to a post at the edge of the waer on
the east bank, about 20 feet below the bridge, and the longer
section to the first stone pier from the east bank. It is so set
that when the water rises above the short section it is on the
long section, and the readings are made as from one continu-
ous rod. The initial point of sounding is the east end of the
bridge. The section is broken by three piers and by some
large rocks below the bridge. The gage is referred to a
bench mark consisting of a nail in the southwest corner of
pier \No. 2, east side of the river, 455.70 feet above tide water,
and 14.20 feet above the zero of the gage. The observer is
B. F. Neighbors, farmer and postmaster at Sturdevant, whb
lives a fourth of a mile from the station. During 1900 the
following discharge measurements were made by James R.
Hall:

July 20-Gage height, 2.85 feet; discharge, 2,603 second-feet.
August 13-Gage height, 1.95 feet; discharge, 1,887 second-feet.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Tallapoosa River near Sturdevant, Ala.
for 1900.


Day. July AugjSept Oct|Nov|Dec

1....... ..... 4.301 3 4Ui 1.80t 2.501 2.91'
... ..... 3.40 6.1 1.70 3.40 2.80
3............ 2.80 4.2 1.60 4.70 2.70
4.... ..... 2.50| 2.90| 1.60 3.60 3.00
5............ 2.401 2.5( 3.30 3.30 3.20
6 ....... ... 2.35 2.20 3.00 3.201 3.30
7........... 2.251 2.0f 3.00 2.90| 3.20
8........... 2.20| 1.90 2.90 2.70 3.00
9........... 1 2.10 1.8 3.10 2.60 2.80
10...... ..... 2.001 1.7 3.20 2.50 2.7(
11....... ..... 1.95| 1.60 3.30 2.40 2.60
12....... ... 1.901 1.61 3.40 2.40 2.60
13............ 2.00 1 3.50 2.40 2.7(
14 ....... ... .10 1.80 3.50 2.30 4.70
15...... ..... 2.60 8.80( 3.00 2.301 3.00
16....... ...... 3.40112.00| 2.601 2.301 3.70


Day. JulylAug Sept OctNnov Dec

17.. ... .|. 3.00 7.001 2.0O 2.301 3.20
18........... 2.80 5.001 2.20 2.20 3.10
19....... 2.95| 4.0(1 3.8111 2.1 .0 3.00
20.......I 2.801 2.90 3.001 2. 2.20 5.20
21....... 3.051 2.40 2.70| 1.90 2.60 6.80
22....... 2.75 2.3 2.50 2.10 3.20 5.30
23.......I 2.51 2.40 2.40 5.0 3.50 4.90
24 ....... 2.55| 2.701 2.301 7.30 3.201 5.60
25 ....... 2.65 2.501 2.201 6.401 4.80 4.70
26 ....... 2.60 2.801 2.1 5.Ji 5.90| 4 2(
27....... 2.i0 2.60[ 2.001 4.20 5.401 3.90
2 ....... 2.70 2.501 2.00 3.60 3.40| 3.60
29....... 6.50 2.401 2.00 2.90 3.20 3.4(
30....... 7.60 2.3 1.90 2.70 3.10! 3.50
31....... 5.00 2.80 ..... 2.60 ..... 7.5(
| I


During the year 901o James R. Hall made one measure-
ment, as follows:
March 8-Gage height, 3.40 feet; discharge, 3,774 second-feet.
During the year 1902 the following discharge measure-
ments have been made at Sturdevant by W. E. Hall:

July 11-Gage height, 1.85 feet; discharge, 1,440 second-feet.
September 17-Gage height, 0.80 feet; discharge, 658 second-feet.
October 9-Gage height. 1.08 feet; discharge, 858 second-feet.
November 12-Gage height, 1.34 feet; discharge, 1,000 second-feet.


1














32 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height of Tallapoosa River at Stardevant. Ala.. for 1901.


Jan
Day. 'Jani.


July Aug. ;Sept. Oct. Nov.Dec


Feb. Mar. iApril: MayJune


4.6 3.8 7.4 3.8 5.5
4.5 38 6.8 3.7 | 5.5
5.8 3.7 8.3 3.7 5."
S12.9 3.7 7.4 3. 5.2
9.4 3.6 5.7 a3.5 4.s
| 7.7 3.t 5.0 3.5 4. G
6.5 3.5 4.7 | 3.4 5. ;
5.4 3.4 4.4 [ 3.4 4.9
S 5.7 3.4 4.2 | 3.3 3.8S
5.4 3.9 4.0 | 3.3 3.6
5.2 4.3 3.9 3.3 3.
5.1 4.0 3.9 | 3.2 .3.3:
4.8 3.8 4.1 3.2 3.2
4. 3.6 G.l I 3.4 4.9
4.4 | 3.4 6.4 3.3 4.4
4. 3.3 5.31 4.2 4.1
4.2 33 4.7 3.1 38.
4.2 3.2 4.4 3.0 3.6
4.1 3.2 8.5 3. 3.
4.1 3.6; 9.0 3.3 3.1
4.0 4.3 6.7 I.1 2.0
4.0 3. 9 5.2 7.; 2.!
4.0 | 3.7 4.8 7.0 2.8
4.0 4.5 4.16 6.5 2.7
"4.0 4.3 4.4 5.3 2.7
4.0 5.4 4.3 6.8 2.
3.9 8.7 4.2 4.5 2.
S3.9 8.2 4.1 4.4 2.5
...... 7.5 4.0 4.3 2 5
S 5.0 3.9 4.2 5.2
8.9 1 ..... 4.0 ......


2.4 1.11
4.5 1.6
6i.0 1.6
3.4 1.1ti
2.7 1.7
2.3 1.8
2.1 1.8
2.0 1.8
2.0 1.8
2.0 I 1.8
1.9 | 1.7 1
1.9 1.7
2.1 1.7
2.1 1.S
2.0 1.8
2.0 1.8
1.9 1.8
1.9 1 1.8 :
1.8 j 2.0
1.8 2.2 1
1.7 2.2
1.7 23
1.7 -
1.7 2.2
1.7 2.1
1.7 2.3
1.(i 2.0
1.6 1.9
1.6 1.8
1.6 1.8
1.6 .. I


4. SI'RVEY OF TAII.APOOSA RiVER TN AI.ABAMA.

'This survey of a part of Tallap',osa River in Alabama was
made in June and July. 1oo0. under supervision of 13. M.
Hall, resident Hydlrographer, by Field Engineer James R.
Hall. levelman and topographer.
The survey began at the H1ydrographic Staticn on the
Tallapoosa River, at Milstead. Ala.. and ran up the river 64
miles to head of shoal above (;riffn's Perrv. The elevations
are sea-level elevations.

I)2S'IIIr'TIo(N 01 RIVI'R.


'The entire river above Milstead runs n11 granite bed-rock,
and has numerous bluffs along its banks, forming excellent
sites for dams.
There are two large developed water powers on the river:
The Tallassee Falls plant, and the Montgomery Power Com-

pany's plant. both of which are near the lower end of the sur-
vey. (See Plates B and C(, opposite.)


3.1 3.2


| 2.3 2.6



2.2
2.4 2.1
2,2 2. to
S 2. I 2.0 |

2.3 1 2.0
2.3 4.0
2.11 3.4
5.3 2.8
7.2 3.;
5.9 7.0
5.3 5.2
G6. | 4.3
5.8 I 3.4
5.6 1 3.0
11.7 2.4
8.3 2.3
5.2 2.2
4.0 2.1
3.3 2.0
4.4 2.0
5.2 2.2
4.3 2.3
,3.5 .... .


S........

5 ........
S. . . . .

. ........


11 ........
12 ........ I
13. .......
14 ........
15 ........
17 ........
17 ...... .



15 ........
25........
21. ...... .
2 .... ....



29 ...... .
32 ........
2 ...... .
29 ......
30..
31.. ....












































PLATE B. Tallassee Falls on Tallapoosa River.







































Plate C. Power House and Dam, Montgomery Power Company, on Tallapoosa River, near Tallassee, Ala,










WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


The Tallassee Falls dlam and canal, which are six miles
above Milstead. utilize a fall of ('4 feet, with the whole river.
This power and its large cotton manufacturing plant recently
completed, is described in the Twentieth Annual Report. U.
S. Geological Survey, I'art IV. Pages 192-193. This power
was capable of realizing 8,900 net H. 1'. without storage dur-
ing low \\ater of i )ctobe'. 901o. A break which occurred in
the dam on December 29, 191, has decreased the present
available head, btu does not stop the machinery.
The l ntgomerv I'o\\er Company (lam has a 40-fo':t dam.
nine and a half miles above Milstead. It backs the water six
and a half miles up the river, and forms an immense storage
basin. This being almost completed in December. ito9, was
partly washed out by a great flood December 29, 1901. The
water wheels, dynamos, pole line and wiring to Montgomery
are all installed, and read\ for work as soon as the dam is re-
paired. The distance to Montgomery is about 27 miles.
With river at stage of lowest water during (ctober. 190i.
this plant will develop at the wheels 5.572 net H. I'. from the
run of the river without drawing on the storage.
The equalizing storage of this damn will add fully 25 per
cent. to this power and to the power at Tallassee for continu-
ous running without materially lowering the head at either
plant.
The following list of distances and elevations of water and
bench marlks shows the fall of the river from point to point.
The total fall in 5( f the (i- miles surveyed is 364 feet.












34 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Elevations and bend:t marks along Tallapoosa River from Milstead,
Ala., to Griffin Shoals.


1a .


. Description or location. 0 o a)
-5



6.0 River surface of tailwater at Tallassee mills............... 206.3
6.2 Water above crest of Tallasee dam........................... 269.9
8.5 Upper end of Tallassee Pond ........................ ........ 269.9
9.5 River below Montgomery Power Company's dam.... ........ 295.25
9.5 Crest of Montgomery Power Company's dam........ ....... 335.25
15.7 Upper end of Montgomery Power Co.'s Pond............... 335.25
16.5 Water at Double Bridge Ferry ............................. 351.46
16.8 Water at mouth of Wind Creek .................... ...... 352.45
16.8 Bench mark' No. 7, bunch of mulberry trees at the
mouth of W ind Creek ................. ........ .. 357.85 ...
17.8 Bench mark, No. 22, crooked willow on small branch
at north end of Taylor's field........................ 363.30
17.8 Water at bench mark No. 22............................. 356.18
18.5 Water opposite mouth of Kowaliga Creek..... ..... ... 357.16
18.75 Bench mark No. 33, mulberry 100 feet above old
Baker field ......... ................ .. 371.73.
18.75 Water at bench mark No. 33.......... ......... .......... 359.75
19.4 |Bench mark No. 42, willow at Garnetts Ford.......... 364.601..
19.4 W ater at Garnetts Ford ................... ... ... ........ 360.55
19.7 Bench mark No. 46, pine at mouth of High Falls
Branch .....................373.98 .
Branch ....................... .... 362.40
20.1 Water at "blue hole" at foot of Long Branch shoals ... 362.40
21.0 Bench mark No. 62, mulberry, 300 yards above mouth
of Long Branch ........ ...... ........ .. 382.451........
21.0 Water at bench mark No. 62, top of Long branch I
shoals ... ... ........ .. .. ..... . ... ....... I 367.23
21.3 Bench mark No. 70. white hickory at McCarty'sI
Ferry, mouth of Blue Creek ............ .. 376.6 .......
21.3 Water at McCarty's Ferry, mouth of Blue Creek............ 367.80
23.0 Top of shoal opposite mouth of Peru Branch........ .....I 372.55
23.8 Water at mouth of Gold Mine Branch ..................... 375.17
23.8 Bench mark No. 100, mulberry at mouth of Gold|
M ine Branch ...... .......... ...... .......... 386.00 ........
24.4 Bench mark No. 110, water oak at Robinson's Ferry 404.401 ........
24.4 W after at Robinson's Ferry .............. ............... 380.20
25.6 Water at top of Upper Robinson Shoals.................... 389.10
25.6 Bench mark No. 124, small sycamore at mouth of I
S small branch ................................ 395.10 ........
27.7 Water at mouth of small branch in Pace's field .......... 30.90
28.7 Bench mark No. 140, watr oak at foot of Hardy
S Shoals, in Pace's field ............................ 414.30........
29.5 Bench mark No. 150, dead stump 100 feet below the 1
I mouth of Big Sandy Creek... ...... ......... 398.081.......
29.5 Water at mouth of Big Sandy Creek........................
30.0 Bench mark No. 165, big red oak at Young's Ferry..I 413.50
30.0 W ater at Young's Ferry .. ....... ........... 394.00
31.0 W ater at Cherokee Bluff ....................................... 394.60
31.2 Bench mark No. 175, big walnut 200 yards above
Monowa Creek ............................... 416.75........
34.0 Bench mark No. 180, IC-inch pine tree at third barl
| of Seago Shoals .. ... .. ................ ..... 424.72 ........
34.0 |Water at third bar of Seago Shoals, opposite bench
mark No. 180 .............. ... ................. 399.92
35.8 Bench mark No. 190, large white oak at east land-I
ing at W alkers Ferry ... ................. ...... 436.90 ........
35.8 Water at Walkers Ferry ............ .......20 ... 429.65
37.0 Bench mark No. 210, leaning white oak at mouth of
I small branch at upper end of Upshaw place...... 438.60 .
37.4 |Water at bench mark No. 210 ........................ 432.00
37.6 |Water at top of fish trap ............................... 436.47
38.3 |Bench mark No. 215, 16-inch white oak on small
branch at upper end of Locke's old field.......... 448.90 .......










WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


i & Xi
0.Z Description or location.
0.5 0

!I q z Ti -
38.3 W ater at bench mark No. 215............................ ....... 438.00
39.3 Water under Central railroad bridge at Sturdevant,
Alabam a ....... ........... ....... ................ ........ 444.25
39.3 Bench mark on top of rail over first pier of the
i east end of Central Railroad bridge .............. 505.9 ......
41.2 Bench rrark No. 240, large water oak at east land-
ing of Dennis Ferry ............................457.15
41.2 W after at Dennis Ferry ....................... .... ...... 445.8
42.2 Water at mouth of branch on left bank of river... ........ 448.20
45.3 Water 600 feet below mouth of Hillabee Creek...... ....... 472.60
48.3 Bench mark No. 310, water oak at east landing of
W elch's Ferry .......... ........ .................... 504.15..
48.3 Water at Welch's Ferry ..................................... 49230
50.0 Bench mark No. 330, beech 150 feet above mouth ofl
Freeman's Branch ........ .............. ....... 526.62........
50.0 Water 150 feet above mouth of Freeman's Branch..l......... 521.04
52.0 W ater at W haleys Ferry .................................... 529.48
52.0 Bench mark No. 340, birch at Whaleys Ferry......... 539.38 ........
55.4 Bench mark No. 350, 10-inch birch at Millers Ferry.. 552.16 ........
55.4 Water at Millers Ferry ...................... ........... 544.00
60.8 W ater at Griffins Ferry ........................... ... ..... 557.10
60.8 Bench mark No. 380, double ash tree on left bank at
G riffins Ferry .............. ........ ...... ... .. 564.7 .......
62.0 Bench mark No. 390, 12-inch birch at head of Griffins
Shoals .................... ...... ..... ............ 73.87 ...
62.0 W ater at head of Griffins Shoals ................ ........ 70.30

Surveys have been made for a large dam, 35 or 40 feet in
height, at or near Double Bridge Ferry, to back the water be-
yond Robinson's Ferry, -. distance of about 8 miles up the
river. There is an excellent site for a dam, and the project
is entirely feasible. The horse power in proportion to head
would be the same as that available at the Montgomery Power
Company's dam.
From the mouth of Big Sandy Creek to a point one mile
above Griffin's Ferry, a distance of 32 miles, the fall of the
Tallapoosa River is 176.5 feet. Nearly all of this fall can be
utilized for power by developments similar to those which
have been made, and proposed below. A study of the profile
and of the above table of distances and elevations will give
the distribution of the fall, showing the distance to which
dams of certain height will back the water, at the various
shoals, but the question of the best power sites, and the proper
plan of development, height and location of dams, etc., for
any point will depend on the special conditions favorable or
unfavorable for dams and canals, the width of river bed, or
flooded areas above, and the value of farming lands which











A









36 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

mav be flooded. All of which can be determined only by spe-
cial investigation and surn evs. It will be safe. however, to as-
sume that a practicable site for a tlam 40 feet high or under.
can be found in the vicinity of any location which may be se-
lected, and the power obtainable can be estimated by using the
volume of water, or its equivalent net horse power per foot
of fall, and the proposed head to be developed.
The water supply or discharge of Tallapoosa River at dif-
ferent points may be closely approximated from the foregoing
records of Milstead. Susanna. and Sturdevant Hydrographic
Stations, and also at Dadeville, and Alexander City stations,
on the tributaries.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Fig. 4-Map of Tallapoosa River from top of Griffin Shoals, Ala.,
to Milstead, Ala.












GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


400



300'






TO 65
100'Aboue Sea Level 60 55 50 45 40 35
Fig. 5-Profile of Tallapoosa River from top of Griffin Shoals, Ala.,
to Milstead, Ala.


Fig. 6-Profile of Tallapoosa River from top of Griffin Shoals, Ala.,
to Milstead, Ala.-Continued.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


5. BIG SANDY CREEK. NEAR DADEVILLE, ALABAMA.

This station, which was established by J. R. Hall, August
2, 1900, is located about 4Y2 miles southwest of Dadeville, at
the highway bridge on the Dadeville-Susanna road. The
gage, which is graduated to feet and tenths, is 16 feet high,
and is fastened vertically to the first pier on the north side of
the creek. The initial point of sounding is at the gage rod.
The section is good for ordinary or flood measurements, but
is rather wide and shoaly for low-water measurements. The
latter can, however, be made a short distance from the gage.
The observer is T. H. Finch, Dadeville, Alabama. During
I900 the following measurements were made by James R.
Hall:

July 6-Gage height, 1.20 feet; discharge, 260 second-feet.
August 8-Gage height, 1.00 foot; discharge, 110 second feet.
August 8-Gage height, 1.00 foot; discharge, 116 second-feet.
August 25-Gage height, 1.35 feet; discharge, 281 second-feet.
Nov. 16-Gage height, 1.10 feet; discharge, 155 second-feet.
Dec. 31-Gage height, 2.00; discharge, 870 second-feet.

The measurements of August 8 and November 16 were
made a half mile below Smith's bridge.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Big Sandy Creek near Dadeville, Ala.,
for 1900.


Day. IAug. Sept.[ Oct.

1...... 1.00 1.10 0.95
2....... 1.20 1.10 .90
3.......... 1.10 1.40 .90
4........... 1.10 1.30 .90
5........... 1.10 1.20 3.50
6. ......... 1.05 1.05 1.80
7........... 1.05 1.00 1.25
8 .......... 1.00 1.00 1.20
9..........) 1.05 .95 1.10
10........... 1.00 2.00 1.15
11.......... 1.00 1.80 1.10
12........... 9.05 1.40 1.20
13.......... 9.00 1.20 1.30
14.......... 9.00 1.20 1.15
15........... 1.80 2.00 1.10
16........... 1.00 2.20 1.05


Nov.IDec


Day. Aug.Sept. Oct.Nov.Dec.

17........ 1.80 3.90 1.10 1.05 1.45
18........ 1.20 1.50 1.00 1.10 1.30
19........ 1.10 1.10 1.05 1.10 2.40
20........ 1.00 1.05 1.05 1.10 4.50
21........ 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.10 3.50
22....... .90 1.00 1.50 1.30 1.70
23........ .90 1.00 1.45 1.25 1.50
24........ 1.70 1.00 1.40 1.20 1.40
25........ 1.40 1.00 1.20 1.50 1.40
26........ 1.60 1.00 1.15 1.90 1.35
27........ 1.15 1.05 1.10 1.80 1.35
28........ 1.10 1.05 1.05 1.20 1.35
29........ 1.00 1.00 1.05 1.15 1.10
30........ 1.00 .90 1.00 1.10 1.75
31........ 1.80 ..... 1.05 .... 2.00
________________________________________________ _ L _ I














40 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Daily gage height. in feet. of Big Sandy Creek near Dadeville. Ala.,
for 1901.


Day. Jan.,F Feb. Matr. April MaylJune July


.... 1.90 1 .35 1.40 4.40 1.40 1.4) 1.30
.. 1.90 1.35 i 1.40 7.40 1.40 1.40 1.25
.. .. 1.95 3.10 1.35 2.70 1.45 4.00 1.20
1.70 | (;.00 1.35 2.00 1.35 5.0 1.20
.... 1.60 1.90 1.35 1.80 1.35 1.9( 1.411
..... 1.50 1.75 1.40 1.i0 1.35 3.50 1.50
.. 1.45 1.55 1.35 1.50 1.40 2.401 1.41
. [ 1.40 2.10 1.35 1.50 1.oa 1.90 1.25
..... 1.40 3.50 1.40 1.50 1.35 1.50 1.20
....... 1.40 2.20 1.45 1.50 1.30 l.60 1.20
....... 1.90 2.00 1.40 1.50 1.30 1.70 1.10
....... 1.70 1.70 1.35 1.55 1.35 2.00 1.10
..... 250 1.50 1.35 1.65 1.35 1.80 1.10
...... 1.90 1.50 1.35 1.05 1.50 1.90 1.10
......I 1.60 1.50 1.30 1.60 1.50 1| 1F 1.80
....... 1.55 1.45 | 1.30 | 1.50 1.45 1.70 1.50
.. 2.00 1.45 1.30 1.50 1.25 1.5 1.50
....... 2.00 1.45 1.35 1.45 1.40 1.50 1.50
.... 1.60 1.50 1.35 6.00 1.40 1.45 1.30
...... 1.50 1.50 1.80 2.50 1.70 1.45 1.20
...... 1.50 1.45 1.60 2.40 7.00 1.40 1.15
....... 1.45 1.40 1.40 2.10 3.40 1.25 1.15
.... 1.45 1.40 1.40 1.80 1.80 1.4 1.15
....... 1.45 1.50 2.20 1.80 1.70 1.40 1.10
...... 1.50 1.50 2.10 1.70 1.50 1.35 1.10
....... 1.55 1.45 1.70 1.60 2.0 1.31' 1.10
....... 1.45 1.45 1.70 1.45 1.80 1.30 1.15
.... 1.40 1.45 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.20 1.20
1.40 .1.40 .40 [ 1.45 1.50 1.15 1.15
1.40 ...... 2.30 1.45 1.45 1.20 1.10
1.40 ...... 3.10 1.40 .... 1.10


Aug. I


1.10

1.10

1.05
1.10
I 1.05
1.30
1.20
1.10
S1.10
| 1.20
S1.15
1.10
1.00
5.00
1.80
1.80
1.40
1.30
1.20
4.50
1.50
1.50
1.40
1.40
1.20
2.00
1.50
1.40
1.40


Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec


1.30 4.20 .85 .90
1.30 4.00 .85 .90
1.20 3.00 .85 1.40
1.10 3.50 .85 1.40
1.10 2.00 .85 1.40
1.10 1.80 .90 1.30
1.00 1.80 .90 1.10
1.00 1.50 1.00 1.10
1.00 1.40 1.00 1.10
.90 1.20 | 1.00 1.00
.90 1.20 1.00 1.00
.85 1.00 .90 1.00
.80 1.90 1.00 1.10
1.40 1.90 1.00 4.40
1.40 1.80 1.00 3.80
1.80 1.80 1.00 3.00
2.00 1.70 1.00 2.90
1.80 1.70 .90 2.50
1.80 1.70 .90 2.40
1.70 1.70 .80 2.40
1.40 1.60 .80 2.00
1.30 1.60 1.00 2.00
1.30 1.00 1.00 1.20
1.20 1.00 .85 1.80
1.20 .90 .85 1.50
1.10 .90 .80 3.00
1.00 *.70 .90 3.00
1.00 *.60 .90 21.00
1.80 *.70 .90 16.00
1.80 *.70 :.90 8.00
...... .80 .. 4.00


*Water was being held back by dams above in the morning when
readings were made; 0.8 is assumed as minimum for October.


1.

3.
4.
5.

S.

11.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
1.
18.
19.
20.
21.

23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
30.
31.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Big Sandy Creek at Dadeville, Ala., for 1900 and
1901.






b ml
4 0 0


0.8 67 4.4 1,868 8.0 3,740 11.6 5,612
0.9 85 4.5 1,920 8.1 3,792 11.7 5,664
1.0 115 4.6 1,972 8.2 3,844 11.8 5,716
1.1 152 4.7 2,024 8.3 3,896 11.9 5,768
1.2 204 4.8 2,076 8.4 3,948 12.0 5,820
1.3 256 4.9 2,128 8.5 4,000 12.1 5,872
1.4 308 5.0 2,180 8.6 4,052 12.2 5,924
1.5 i 360 5.1 2,232 8.7 4,104 12.3 5,976
1.6 412 5.2 2,284 8.8 4,156 12.4 6,028
1.7 464 5.3 2,336 8.9 4,208 12.5 6,080
1.8 516 5.4 2,388 9.0 4,260 12.6 6,132
1.9 568 5.5 2,440 9.1 4,312 12.7 6,184
2.0 620 5.6 2,492 9.2 4,364 12.8 6,236
2.1 672 5.7 2,544 9.3 4,416 12.9 6,288
2.2 724 5.8 2,596 9.4 4,468 13.0 6,340
2.3 776 5.9 2,648 9.5 4,520 13.1 6,392
2.4 828 6.0 2,700 9.6 4,572 13.2 6,444
2.5 880 6.1 2,752 9.7 4,624 13.3 6,496
2.6 932 6.2 2,804 9.8 4,676 13.4 6,548
2.7 984 6.3 2,856 9.9 4,728 13.5 6,600
2.8 1,036 6.4 2,908 10.0 4,780 13.6 6,652
2.9 1,088 6.5 2,960 10.1 4,832 13.7 6,704
3.0 1,140 6.6 3,012 10.2 4,884 13.8 6,756
3.1 1,192 6.7 3,064 10.3 4,936 13.9 6,808
3.2 1,244 6.8 3,116 10.4 4,988 14.0 6,860
3.3 1,296 6.9 3,168 10.5 5,040 14.1 6,912
3.4 1,348 7.0 3,220 10.6 5,092 14.2 6,964
3.5 1,400 7.1 3,272 10.7 5,144 14.3 7,016
3.6 1,452 7.2 3,324 10.8 5,196 14.4 7,068
3.7 1,504 7.3 3,376 10.9 5,248 14.5 7,120
3.8 1,556 7.4 3,428 11.0 5,300 14.6 7,172
3.9 1,608 7.5 3,480 11.1 5,352 14.7 7,224
4.0 1,660 7.6 3,532 11.2 5,404 14.8 7,276
4.1 1,712 7.7 3,584 11.3 5,456 14.9 7,328
4.2 1,764 7.8 3,636 11.4 5,508 15.0 7,380
4.3 1,816 7.9 3,688 11.5 5,560

NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.
3












42 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Estimated monthly discharge of Big Sandy Creek near Dade-
ville, Ala.

[Drainage area, 195 square miles.]


Discharge in second- Runof
feet. Run-off.


Month. iotal in
aacre-ft.




1900.10.22
August ...... ........ 655 80 207 12,728 1.22 1.06
September .... .......I 3,150 80 355 21,124 2.03 1.82
October ...... ....... 2,670 80 264 16,233 1.56 1.35
November ..... ...... 1 870 110 261 15,531 1.50 1.34
December ...... ...... 3,870 150 560 34,433 3.31 2.87



Estimated monthly discharge of Big Sandy Creek near Dade-
ville, Ala.
[Drainage area, 195 square miles.]


January ......................
February .....................
M arch .........................
A pril ........................
M ay .........................
J u n e ........................
Ju ly ........................
A ugust ......................
Septem ber .....................
O ctober ......................
Novem ber .....................
Decem ber ....................
The year ....................


*See foot note under gage he


880 308 425 2.51 2.18
2,700 282 545 2.90 2.78
6,392 256 552 3.26 2.83
3,428 334 689 3.94 3.53
3,220 230 480 2.84 2.46
2,492 178 523 2.991 2.68
516 152, 227 1.34] 1.16
2,180j 1151 369 2.18 1.89
620 671 257 1.47 1.32
1,764 *451 462 2.731 2.37
115 671 92 .521 .47
10,500 851 1,265 7.481 6.49
| 10,5001 *451 4901 34.161 2.51
ights for 1901.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Minimum monthly discharge of Big Sandy Creek at Dadeville, Ala.,
with corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a water
wheel realizing 80 per cent of the theoretical power.

[Drainage area, 195 square miles.]


January ................
February ...............
M arch ..................
A pril ...................
May ... ............
June ..................
July ..................
August ..................
September ..............
October .................
November ...............
December ...............


...... ...... ...... 308
...... ...... ...... 282
...... ...... ...... 256
...... ...... ...... 334
. .. ...... 230
80 7 h 115





80 7 1 67
150 .. .. ... 2 3082
. I . . ... ... .. 256

230


80 7 4 115
80 7 1 67
80 7 3 *45
110 10 1 67
150 141 51 851


C

C


28
26
23
30
21
16
14
10
6
*4
6
81


S

7
2
3
5
1
2
9
2
1
1
3
2


*NOTE.-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.

*See foot note under gage heights for 1901.

A survey made in July, 1900, of Big Sandy Creek from its
mouth to the new bridge near Dadeville, Ala., showed a total
fall of 157 feet in a distance of 65,ooo feet, or about 12 miles.










GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Fig. 7.-Profile of Big Sandy Creek from mouth to new bridge near
Dadeville, Ala.
*NOTE.-The numbers 0, 10..70, represent thousand feet stations.

The profile resulting from the survey is reproduced in Fig. 7.
The following list of distances and elevations of water and
bench marks shows the fall of the creek from point to point.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA. 45


Elevations and bench marks along Big Sandy Creek between its
mouth and the new bridge near Dadeville, Ala.


0 0

f Description or location.




0 Bench mark No. 150, dead stump at mouth of creek.. 398.08 ..
0 Water at mouth of Big Sandy Creek.......................... 393.80
5,000 Water below Pace's dam ................................... 402.00
5,000 Water above Pace's dam .................. ............... 412.10
5,600 Bench mark No. 160, big pine on north side, 175 feet
above Pace's bridge .............................422.30..
8,000 Creek surface .................. ........................... ....... 416.00
10,V00 At point of Ivy Bend ............................... ...... 419.00
11,700 Bench mark No. 162, large walnut at Tucker's house 03.85 ..
13,500 Bench mark No. 163, small oak at Tucker's fish trap 432.85 ..
13,500 Water above Tucker's fish trap ......................... ........ 430.00
20,000 Bench mark No. 164, large sycamore at mouth of
Lowry branch ........................................ 445.20 ....
20,000 Water at mouth of Lowry branch................... ........ 436.10
26,500 Bench mark No. 166, oak post at north end of
S Smith's bridge ..................................... 463.95 ....
26,000 Water at Smith's bridge .....................................441.70
26,500 Zero of U. S. G. S. gage at Dadeville ................ 440.50 ........
33,500 |Bench mark No. 167, wahoo tree at mouth of Young
branch .............. .................................. 59.58 .
33,500 Water at mouth of Young branch .............................. 446.50
35,360 W ater at Barnes basin ........................................... 452.30
37,930 Water at foot of Black Shoals........................ ........ 465.00
39,300 Water at top of Black Shoals.................................. 496.30
41,100 Water at mouth of Buck Creek................................ 497.30
41,100 Bench mark No. 168, small double oak at mouth of
Buck Creek ............... ........................ 503.65 .
41,900 |Eddy water below Sanford's dam ............................. 500.
42,550 Bench mark No. 169, hickory at Sanfords' mill...... 522.10 ..
42,550 Floor of Sanford's m ill ....................... ...... 514.00 ..
43,770 Water at Sanford's bridge above dam......................... 50.7
45,580 Water at head of Sanford Pond ............................... 506.70
50,000 Water at second shoal above Sanford Pond ................. 512.50
52,340 Bench mark No. 173, large white oak near north end
I of Cook's bridge ................................... 539.35..
52,340 Water at Cook's bridge .................................. .. 51380
56,120 Water opposite mouth of Chattasofka Creek......... ........ 520.60
56,120 Bench mark. 16-inch water oak on west bank of
Chattasofka Creek, 50 feet above mouth.......... 527.20........
58,620 Water at top of old factory shoal .............................. 540.15
65,350 Water at new bridge ........................................ 550.80
65,350 Bench mark on upstream end of sill on west end of
| new bridge ........... .. ................... ........... 562.301........
65.350 |Bench mark No. 176. 6-inch maple at new bridge.... 563.001........

Water supply oL this creek is shown by the foregoing records of
Dadeville Hydrographic Station at Smith's Bridge.


The best shoal on this creek is the Sanford and Black Shoal,
near Dadeville, which has a fall of 85.8 feet, in a distance of
5.2 miles. With a dam 54 feet high, and a canal 1,370 feet
long, a practical working head of 80 feet can be developed,
having I foot extra for grade of canal, and 4 feet extra for
storage at top of dam. The foregoing record shows that from









GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


August I, 1900, to December 31, 1901, covering a record of
515 days, there were only 37 days in which the flow at Smith's
Bridge was less than 115 cubic feet per second. It is, there-
fore, plain that during the last two years such a plant would
have realized, for 90 per cent. of the time, not less than 8o0
net horse power continuously, 24 hours per day; and that by
running II hours per day, 6 days per week, and storing the
water during the time that the wheels are standing, there
would have been 2,000 H. P. or more for use during factory
hours, for 90 per cent. of the time during the last two years.
By applying the rating table to the gage heights, and finding
the discharge for each individual day, the exact power obtain-
able can be calculated, due allowance being made for the stor-
age capacity, and equalizing effect of the dam.
Of course, this 85 foot fall can be developed in other ways.
A low dam, and long canal can be used, or two separate
powers can be developed.

6. HILLABEE CREEK, NEAR ALEXANDER CITY, ALABAMA.
This station, which was established August 20, 1900, by J.
R. Hall, is located 6Y miles northeast of Alexander City, on
the road leading from that town to Newsite. The gage: which
is graduated to feet and tenths, and is placed vertically, is in
two sections, the short section, which reads from o to 5.50
feet, being fastened to a post in the edge of the water on the
north bank 20 feet from the upstream side of the bridge, the
long section, which reads from 5.50 feet to 16 feet, being
fastened to the upstream end of the first pier on the north bank,
and arranged so that when water rises above the short section
the readings are made from the long one, both sections being
easily read from the north approach to the bridge. The initial
point of sounding is on the south side ,of the first pier on the
north bank.. The gage is referred to a bench mark at the top
of a chord on the dawnstream side of the bridge at the second
pier from the north bank, and is 27.6 feet above the zero of the
gage. The bridge is in three spans, having a total length of
276 feet, with a north approach of I16 feet and a south ap-
proach of 124 feet, making a total, over all, of 516 feet. The
observer is J. H. Chisholm, a farmer, postoffice address Alex-
ander City, Ala. During 19oo the following measurements
were made by James R. Hall:
August 29: Gage height, 1.40 feet; discharge 184 second-feet.
November 28: Gage height, 2 feet; discharge, 390 second-feet.













WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Du(tly pitlie htciuil of HillVctle Creelk t Alexmc.nler City, Ala., for 1 90.


I I I
Day. Aug.!Sept.i Oct.


.......... .. 2.30 1.30
2 ......... ...... 2.30 1.10
3.......... ...... 1.60 1.10
4.......... ...... 1.40 1.10
5................ 1.30 3.20
6........ ...... 1.20 2.00
7......... 1.20 2.80
8 .... .... 1.10 2.60
9........ ...... 1.10 2.40
10.......... ...... 1.20 2.30
11.......... ...... 1.10 2.30
12................ 1.10 1.80
13........ ...... 1.10 1.60
14 ..... ... ...... 1.10 1.40
15 ...... ...... 8.10 1.40
16 ....... ..... 5.00 1.20


Nov.Dec Day. Aug. Sept.


1.60 | 1.90 17.......... ..... 2.60
2.60 | 1.90 18 ... .. .2.20
6.80 i1.80 19 ... .. ...... 1.60
3.20 1.90 20.......... ...... 1.50
2.20 I 1.80 21 .......... ...... 1.50
1.80 1.90 22......... ...... 1.40
1.70 1.80 ......... ...... 1.20
1.70 1.70 24.......... ... 1.30
1.80 I 1.70 25.......... ...... 1.40
1.70 1 1.70 26......... ...... 1.30
170 I1.70 2... 1.30
1.70 1.70' 27.......... ...... 1.40
1.70 1.70 18 ................. 1.30
1.70 I 1.80 29.......... 1.40 1.40
1.70 I 3.80 30......... 1.30 1.30
1.70 2.90 31.......... 1.80 .....
1.60 I 2.80 I


Daily gage height of Hillabee Creek at Alexander City, Ala., for 1901.


I I I
Day Jan. Feb. Mar.


1 .......... 5.00 2.40 2.30
2 ......... 4.90 2.40 2.30
3......... 4.90 4.60 2.40
4........ 4.70 9.40 2.40
5.......... 3.90 6.00 2.30
6.......... 3.60 4.10 2.20
7.......... 3.60 3.60 2.10
8.......... 3.40 3.10 2.10
9 ........ 2.60 3.60 2.10
10.......... 2.50 3.00 2.40
11.......... 8.00 2.90 2.50
12.......... 7.60 2.90 2.30
13.......... 7.00 2.80 2.20
14......... 5.90 3.00 2.20
15.......... 4.50 3.10 2.30
1 .......... 4.30 2.(60 2.40
17.......... 4.00 2.60 2.20
18.......... 3.50 2.40 2.20
19.......... 3.40 2.60 2.10
20.......... 3.00 2.70 2.10
21.......... 2.90 2.60 3.00
22 ......... 2.90 2.40 2.40
23.......... 2.80 2.60 2.30
24 .......... 2.60 2.60 2.80
25.......... 2.50 2.50 2.70
26......... 2.60 2.40 3.50
27.......... 2.60 2.40 3.00
28.......... 2.50 2.40 1 2.70
29.......... .40 ...... 2.60
30.......... 2.40 ...... 2.70
31 .......... 2.40 ..... 5.20


li
IAprilMay


5.20 2.50
4.40 2.50
4.80 2.50
3.10 2.40
2.90 2.40
2.80 2.40
2.70 2.40
2.60 | .40
2.60 2.30
2.50 2.30
2.50 2.30
2.40 2.20
3.10 2.50
2.90 2.30
2.80 2.50
2.70 | 2.20
2.60 2.20
2.60 2.10 |
10.00 I 2.10
3.20 2.90
3.10 3.80
3.P0 2.90
2.90 | 2.50
2.80 | 2.0
2.70 i 2.40
2.60 3.90
2.50 2.80
2.50 | 2.60
2.50 | 2.50
2.50 2.30
1...... 2.90


JulylAug. d ept. Oct.|Nov.


2.50 1.80 2.60 1.20 1.00 1
2.50 1.40 2.00 1.20 1.00
2.40 1.40 1.40 1.10 1.00
2.30 1.20 1.20 1.10 1.00
2.00 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.30 I
1.80 1.10 1.10 1.20 1.10
2.90 1.10 1.10 1.40 1.10
2.10 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.00
1.80 1.20 1.10 1.20 1.01)
1.80 1.20 1.10 1.20 1 1.00
1.70 1.10 1.00 1.60 1.00
1.60 1.10 1.00 2.00 1.00
1.50 1.20 1.20 2.90 1.00
1.40 1.60 2.50 1.60 1.00
1.30 2.10 2.40 1.40 1.00
1.40 4.40 2.40 1.20 1.00
1.30 2.90 2.00 1.00 1.00
3.40 2.00 1.80 1.00 1.00 |
2.20 2.00 1.60 1.00 1.30 |
1.80 4.00 1.40 1.00 1.30 |
2.00 4.10 1.20 1.00 1.30
1.90 3.40 1.40 1.00 1.30
1.80 3.10 1.20 1.00 1.30
1.80 2.90 1.10 1.00 1.30
1.70 2.20 1.10 1.00 1.20
1.70 2.20 1.20 1.00 1.20
1.40 2.10 2.10 1.00 1.10
1.60 3.80 1.60 1.00 1.10
1.40 3.60 1.40 1.00 1.10 I
1.40 3.40 1.20 1.00 1.10 I
?.00 3.00 .... 1.00 . I


Oct. Nov. Dec


1.30 1.50
1.30 1.40
1.20 1.50
1.20 1.60
1.20 1.70
1.90 2.10
5.90 1.90
2.90 1.90
2.10 5.10
1.90 I 2.90
1.80 2.40
1.70 2.00
1.60 1.90
1.50 1.90
1.50 ......


,


--


I











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Hillabee Creek at Alexander
1900 and 1901.


City, Ala., for years


e^. -*^. I J
aa 0 ai0.^
c c 'o '3
r c cz
c a Fe a

Feet. Second Ft. Feet. Second Feet. \ Fret. Second Ft.


566
610
564
698
742
786
830
874
918
962


3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7


1,182
1,226
1,270
1,314
1,358
1,402
1,446
1,490
1,534
1,578


2.0 390 3.4 1,006 4.8 1,622
2.1 434 3.5 1,050 4.9 1,666
2.2 478 3.6 1,094 5.0 1,710
2.3 522 3.7 1,138

NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily Gage Heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Estimated monthly discharge of Hillabee Creek near Alexander
City, Ala.

[Drainage area, 214 square miles.]

Discharge in Run-off.
second-feet.

Month. econd-
Maxi- Mini- Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. in square
inches. mile.


1900.
September ..................... 3,074 146 370 1.93 1.73
October ....................... 2,106 146 387 2.09 1.81
November ..................... 2,502 184 471 2.45 2.20
December .................... 2,150 263 716 3.86 3.35

1901.
January ....................... 3,030 566 1,198 6.46 5.60
February .................... 3,646 566 920 4.48 4.30
March .......................... 1,798 434 617 3.32 2.88
April .......................... 3,910 566 9111 4.75 4.26
May ........................ .. 1,226 434 624 3.37 2.92
June .......................... 830 230 439 2.29 2.05
July ........................... 1,006 169 357 1.93 1.67
August ........................ 1,446 138 535 2.891 2.50
September ..................... 654 138 249 1.29 1.16
October ....................... 786 138 181 .98 .85
November ........ .... ........ 169 138 148 .771 .69
December ..................... 4,350 1381 5261 2.841 2.46
The year .....................I 4,3501 1381 559 35.371 2.61












50 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Minimum monthly discharge of Hillabee Creek at Alexander City,
Ala., with corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a
water wheel realizing 80 per cent of the theoretical power.

[Drainage area, 214 square miles.]


January ................
February ...............
M arch ..................
April ........... ......
M ay ....................
June ..................
July .....................
August .................
September ..............
October .................
November ...............
December ...............


1900


0Ad
~c c4n
30 O Z
00 oO %w


EV E.S* d'9
E^ E- LO^

cZeE
11 1^ 1


............. ......
...... ...... I .....*



. . . . . . . . . .

169 15 1
146 13 6
146 131 3
184 17 1
2631 24 5


C)


444.'

Bg
a0
cE
6=


a0 =

Zn E
Z,0
711
8^B


566 51! 3
5661 51 7
434 40 5
566[ 511 1
4341 40 2
230 21 2
169 15 2
1381 13S 1
138 13 2
138 131 15
138 131 15
1381 131 2


NOTE.-TO find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


7. ALABAMA TRIBUTARIES OF THE TALLAPOOSA RIVER, FROM
MILSTEAD UP.


P Name of Stream. Point on stream.




Left.. Uphapee Creek.............. Mouth of Creek.....
Left.. I Uphapee Creek............ Chehaw, Ala...........
Left.. Sougahatchee Creek....... Mouth of Creek......
Right Cedar Cree' ............... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Wind Creek................ Mouth of Creek......
Right Kowaliga Creek............ Mouth of Creek......
Right Kowaliga Creek............ Kowaliga, Ala........
Left.. Blue Creek.................. Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Big Sandy Creek.......... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Big Sandy Creek........... Smith's Bridge........
Right Elkahatchee Creek........ Mouth of Creek......
Right Hillabee Creek............. Mouth of Creek......
Right Hillabee Creek............. Chisholme's Bridge...
Right Emuckfaw Creek........ Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Cohoasanoesa Creek...... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. High Pine Creek......... Mouth of Creek......
Right Hurricane Creek........... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Corn House Creek......... Mouth of Creek......
Right Crooked Creek............. Mouth of Creek......
Right Fox Creek................ Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Little Tallapoosa River... Mouth of River......
Left.. Little Tallapoosa River... Ala.-Ga. State Line..
Above Little Talla-
Left.. Tallapoosa River........... poosa River .......
Right etchepedrakee Creek.... Mouth of Creek.....
Right Cane Creek................. Mouth of Creek......
Right Muscadine Creek........... Mouth of Creek.....
Right Tallapoosa River......... Ala.-Ga. State Line..


45 4.1
40 3.6
48 4.3
14 1.3
8 0.7
40 3.6
35 3.2
20 1.8
70 6.3
67 6.1
37 3.3
141 12.8
138 12.6
46 4.2
42 3.8
49 4.4
8 0.7
43 3.9
57 5.2
22 2.0
354 32.2
186 16.9
460 41.8
29 2.6
33 3.0
21 1.9
181 16.4


NOTE.-To find the net horse power available at a shoal on one
of the streams near a given point, for low water 1900-1901, multiply
the total fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall' in this
table.


All of these tributaries to the Tallapoosa River are in the
Crystalline region, and are very precipitous streams, having
fine shoals all along their courses.
No State or Government Surveys have ever been made to
determine their profiles, and it is, therefore, impossible at pres-
ent to make a detailed statement of the water powers. The
tabulated statement given above shows the cubic feet per sec-
ond flowing in the streams, at certain places during low season
of ordinary years, like 1900 and 1901.
This flow at any point multiplied by the total practical fall
in feet that can be brought upon a water wheel on the given
stream at that point, and divided by II gives the net available
horse power at that point, during low season of a year like 19oo
or g19o.
The "Cubic feet per second" flowing at the given points and
the corresponding "Drainage areas" can be used to get by pro-


--






450
360
240
55
135
115
60
200
195
75
220
214
78
70
82
14
72
95
37
590
311
767
49
55
36
302


I
I











52 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

portion the discharge at other points of same stream whose
drainage areas are known.
Actual discharge measurements have been made on these
streams at various points and at various stages of water, as
is shown by the following list of Miscellaneous Discharge Meas-
urements. As that date of these measurements are given, the
stage of water as related to minimum, for 1900-1901 can be
approximated by noting the stage at regular stations on the
same dates.
Miscellanous discharge measurements made by James R.
Hall on tributaries of Tallapoosa River.

1900.
August 2-Sougahatchee Creek, Meaders bridge; discharge 125
second-feet.
August 3-Blue Creek, Susanna. Ala., postoffice; 34 second-feet.
August 28-Elkahatchee Creek, Island Home postoffice; dis-
charge, 184 second-feet.
August 30-Timber Cut Creek, Near Welches Ferry; discharge, 18
second-feet.
December 12-Chattasofka Creek, New Bridge, near Dadeville;
discharge, 35 second-feet.
1901.
February 11-Wind Creek, Starr's bridge, near Meltons Mill
postoffice; discharge, 66 second-feet.
February 11-Sougahatchee Creek, Lovelady's bridge, near
Thadeus; discharge 453 second-feet.
February 13-Blue Creek, Farrows Mill, Susanna postoffice; dis-
charge 117 second-feet.
February 13-Channahatchee Creek, Freeman's Mill, Channa-
hatchee postoffice; discharge 80 second-feet.
February 27-Kowaliga Creek, Benson's bridge, Kowaliga post-
office; discharge 154 second-feet.
March 5-Emuckfaw Creek, Hamlett's Mill, Zana postoffice; dis-
charge 113 second-feet.
March 11-Moore's Creek, near Dudleyville; discharge 29 second-
feet.
March 12-Chattahaspa Creek, Scott's Mill, near Tiller Cross-
roads postoffice; discharge 203 second-feet.
March 12-Cohoasanocsa Creek, Leverett's Mill, near Milltown
postoffice; discharge 122 second-feet.
March 12-High Pine Creek, Lile's Gin, Happy Land postoffice;
discharge 89 second-feet.
March 12-Beaver Dam Creek, near Louina postoffice; discharge
30 second-feet.
March 13-Corn House Creek, Swann's Store, near Level Road
postoffice; discharge 31 second-feet.
March 13-Wild Cat Creek, Murphy's Mill, near Gay postoffice;
discharge, 32 second-feet.
March 13-Tallapoosa River, below mouth of Little Tallapoosa
River, near Goldburg; discharge, 2,400 second-feet.
March 13-Crooked Creek, near Goldberg; discharge 183 sec-
ond-feet.
March 13-Hurricane Creek, near Almond postoffice; discharge,
29 second-feet.














CHAPTER III.


COOSA RIVER AND TRIBUTARIES.

The Regular Stations that will be used in the following dis-
cussion are: Riverside, Ala., and Rome, Ga., on the Coosa
River; and Nottingham, Ala., on Talladega Creek. Numerous
miscellaneous discharge measurements at other points will also
be used.
Under the heading of each station all the investigations made
at the station are given, together with the facts deduced there-
from.
1. RIVERSIDE STATION ON COOSA RIVER.

This station is at Riverside, Ala., in the Springville quad-
rangle of the United States Geological Survey map, in latitude
330 37' and longitude 850 12', at the bridge of the Southern
Railway, Georgia Pacific Division, across the Coosa River. The
river here flows in a southerly direction, the railroad running
from east to west. The town of Riverside is on the right or
west bank of the river, and the railroad depot is about I,ooo
feet west of the bridge, which is of iron and about 30 feet above
low water. Beginning at the left bank, there are two spans
of 154 feet each; then a drawbridge 220 feet, revolving on a
large center pier; then a stationery span, 80 feet in length, to
west or right bank abutment. There is no running water at
low stages under the last-named span.
At low water the flowing river is 480 feet wide, including
three piers, and is from 4 to o1 feet deep. Very little of the cur-
rent is too slow to turn any meter. It is somewhat irregular,
as there are shoals and some old cribs just above the bridge,
but for all stages it is probably the best station that can be
found on the river at a bridge and easy of access.
On September 8, 1896, a discharge measurement was made by
B. M. Hall, and two bench marks were established. On Sep-
tember 22, 1896, another discharge measurement was made, a
wire gage was put in, and Mr. J. W. Foster, sawyer at a large
sawmill about 300 feet distant, on right bank of river, below the
bridge, was employed as observer.











54 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

The initial point is top of left abutment at the edge toward
the river, on the downstream side of the bridge, from which
side soundings and meter measurements are made. The rod
of wire gage is nailed to outside guard rail, downstream side,
next to the last panel of stationary bridge before reaching the
pier at end of draw span. The rod is 14 feet long and divided
to feet and tenths. The bench mark is the top of capstone on the
large circular center pier of turn span. It is 26.80 feet above
datum of gage at downstream side of pier.
The drainage area is 6,850 square miles, and is mapped on
atlas sheets Springville, Anniston, Gadsden, Fort Payne, Rome,
Tallapoosa, Marietta, Cartersville, Suwanee, Ellijay, Dalton,
Cleveland, Ringgcld, and Stevenson of the United States Geo-
logical Survey.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1896 by B. M. Hall and others:

September 8: Gage height, 0.70 feet; discharge, 1,630 second-feet.
September 25: Gage height, 0.50 feet; discharge, 1,403 second-feet.
October 30: Gage height, 0.88 feet; discharge, 1,986 second-feet.
December 21: ,age height, 1.57 feet; discharge, 3,272 second-feet.


Daily gage height in feet of Coosa river at Riverside, Ala., for 1896.

Day. ISept.I Oct.INov. Dec. Day. ISept. Oct. Nov.IDec.

1................. ...... 0.60 1.10 1.30 17................. ...... 0.55 4.70 2.10
2............... ....... 1.75 1.40 2.10 18................. ...... .65 4.20 2.20
3................ ...... 3.10 1.20 4.38 19... .......... ...... .80 3.20 | 2.00
4................. ...... 2.75 1.10 3.80 i20b: .... ... ....... 85 2.30 1.80
5................. ...... 2.00 1.05 3.20 21........................ .75 1.50 1.70
6................. ...... 1.50 1.10 2.50 22 ................. ...... .70 1.40 | 1.50
7................. ...... 1.20 1.20 .20 23................. ...... .60 1.35 1.45
8................. .. . 85 2.55 1.90 24.............. ...... 55 1.30 1.40
9................. ...... .70 2.30 1.70 25................ ...... .60 1.25 1.35
10................. ...... .60 1.90 1.60 26 .............. ...... .70 1.20 1.30
11............... ..... .65 1.30 1.55 27................. .45 .80 1.15 1.25
12................. ...... .60 1.60 1.55 28..... .......... .45 .85 1.15 1.20
13................ ...... .60 2.25 1.60 29.... .... .. .45 .90 1.10 1.10
14................. ...... .60 2.70 | 1.60 30.... ......... .50 .95 1.20 1.10
15............... ..... 5 4.00 1.8 31............ ..... .85 ........ 1.10
16................. ...... .55 5.20 2.00












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., for 1896.


aFee



Feel.


6
bbl
Cd




Second Ft.


0.5 1,400
0.6 '1,500
0.7 1,630
0.8 1,780
0.9 1,930
1.0 2,100
1.1 2,280
1.2 2,480
1.3 2,680
1.4 2,880
1.5 3,090
1.6 3,320
1.7 3,560
1.8 3,820
1.9 4,080
2.0 4,360


*; .
yi M it 6
Fi cs s

e c

Feel. ScondFt. I F~eI. Seculn Ft.


2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6


4,630
4,920
5,200
5,500
5,800
6,100
6,400
6,700
7,010
7,320
7,640
7,970
8,300
8,630
8,960
9,300


9,640
9,980
10,330
10,680
11,030
11,390
11,750
12,110
12,470
12,840
13,210
13,580
13,950
14 330
14,710
15.1C0


NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1897 by Max Hall and others:

March 31: Gage height, 4.53 feet; discharge, 12,515 second-feet.
June 17: Gage height, 1.54 feet; discharge, 3,747 second-feet.
July 21: Gage height, 5.55 feet; discharge, 16,925 second-feet.
August 20: Gage height, 2.58 feet; discharge, 6,174 second-feet.
November 29: Gage height. 0.80 feet; discharge, 1,854 second-feet.













56 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


07










Fig. 8.-Rating curve for River: ide station on Coosa River, Ala.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River, at Riverside, Ala.,
for 1897.


Day Jan. Feb. Mar. April May Jun. July|Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec


1......... 1.10 2.00 5.00 4.30 3.40 1.90 1.45 2.00 1.20 0.50 0.70 0.80
2.......... 1.10 2.50 4.50 4.45 3.10 1.90 1.45 1.80 1.10 .50 .70 .90
3.......... 1.10 5.35 4.25 5.20 3.05 1.90 1.40 1.60 1.30 .50 .70 .95
4.......... 1.10 7.35 3.90 7.00 3.60 1.85 1.40 1.50 1.60 .50 .65 1.20
5.......... 1.10 7.70 4.20 8.60 3.20 1.85 1.45 1.45 1.30 .45 .80 2.50
6.......... 1.20 7.90 5.80 9.50 3.00 1.80 1.50 1.40 1.20 .45 1.05 3.00
7.......... 1.25 9.00 11.40 10.50 3.80 1.90 1.50 1.50 1.10 .45 1.15 2.90
8.......... 1.30 7.70 13.30 11.15 3.70 2.15 2.40 1.50 1.00 .45 1.10 2.40
9.......... 1.35 6.40 12.55 12.15 2.65 2.10 2.30 1.60 .90 .45 1.00 2.15
10.......... 1.35 5.90 12.65 11.90 2.60 1.90 2.05 1.70 .85 .45 .95 2.00
11......... 1.35 5.20 12.70 10.70 2.50 1.90 2.50 1.70 .80 .40 .85 1.70
12......... 1.30 7.35 12.80 9.10 2.55 2.00 2.70 2.00 .80 .40 .85 1.60
13.......... 1.40 8.30 13.45 7.30 2.65 1.90 2.50 2.50 .75 .45 .85 1.60
14.......... 2.00 8.20 14.80 6.05 2.10 1.85 2.00 2.30 .75 .45 .85 2.00
15.......... 3.50 7.50 14.60 5.60 3.90 1.60 1.80 2.00 .80 1.45 .80 2.50
16.......... 4.00 6.60 14.80 5.30 4.00 1.70 1.70 1.80 .85 1.65 .75 3.00
17.......... 4.90 5.70 14.70 5.60 4.00 1.50 1.80 1.60 .85 1.40 .70 3.30
18.......... 5.35 5.00 14.70 5.40 3.60 1.60 1.95 1.50 .80 1.35 .70 3.15
19.......... 5.00 4.50 14.50 5.00 3.20 1.90 2.00 1.90 .80 1.20 .70 2.6.
20......... 4.80 4.00 15.30 4.60 3.00 2.00 3.00 2.60 .75 1.00 .65 2.10
21......... 6.50 4.60 14.90 4.30 2.70 1.80 5.20 2.00 .75 .90 .65 2.20
22.......... 7.00 4.65 14.70 4.00 2.35 1.70 6.40 1.70 .70 .85 .65 2.80
23......... 7.35 6.00 14.50 3.80 2.30 1.60 8.00 1.60 .70 .80 .65 4.20
24......... 7.00 7.90 13.70 3.60 2.25 1.55 6.20 1.70 .70 .70 .65 4.85
25......... 5.40 9.00 12.20 3.40 2.25 1.50 4.50 1.75 .65 .80 .65 4.95
26 ......... 4.70 9.00 10.60 3.30 2.15 1.45 4.00 1.60 .65 .75 .65 4.55
27........ 3.80 8.00 8.50 3.25 2.05 1.45 3.00 1.60 .60 .60 .65 3.85
28.......... 3.00 6.20 6.50 2.20 2.00 1.40 2.60 1.50 .55 .65 .65 3.20
29.......... 2.70 ...... 5.30 3.10 2.00 1.4 2.50 1.40 .55 .80 .70 2.95
30.......... 2.50 ..... 4.90 3.20 1.95 1.45 3.00 1.35 .55 .75 .75 2.85
31....... 2.20 .. 4.60 ... 1.90 .... 2.60 1.30 . 70 ...... 2.50











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., for 1897.


c C



Feet. Second Ft. Feet. Second Ft.


0.4 1,350 2.0 4,520
0.5 1,400 2.2 5,100
0.6 1,500 2.4 5,700
0.7 1,650 2.6 6,300
0.8 1,820 2.8 6,910
0.9 2,010 3.0 7,530
1.0 2,210 3.2 8,178
1.2 2,630 3.4 8,830
1.4 3,070 3.6 9,482
1.6 3,540 3.8 10,134
1.8 4,020 4.0 10,786


be be

3ai
U) 0
een


Feet. SXcond Ft.


14,046
17,306
20,566
23,826
27,086
30,346
33,606
36,866
40,126
43,386


NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1898 by Max Hall and others:

January 27: Gage height, 10.00 feet; discharge, 30,359 second-
feet.
March 9: Gage height, 1.60 feet; discharge, 3,538 second-feet.
May 3: Gage height, 3.22 feet; discharge, 7,758 second-feet.
May 25: Gage height, 1.39 feet; discharge, 3,172 second-feet.
August 3: Gage height, 3.92 feet; discharge, 9,524 second-feet.
September 7: gage height, 11.05 feet; discharge, 37,811 second-
feet.
October 19: Gage height, 6.80 feet; discharge, 14,484 second-feet.
November 22: Gage height, 5.85 feet; discharge, 16,384 second-feet.













GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala.,
for 1898.


Day Jan. Feb. Mar. April May Jun.


1.......... 2.30 6.00 1.65 6.80 3.90 1.30
2......... 2.15 5.25 1.70 7.50 3.60 1.25
3.......... 2.10 4.00 1.80 6.80 3.30 1.20
4.......... 2.00 3.25 1.80 5.50 3.05 1.20
5.......... 1.90 3.00 1.80 5.80 2.90 1.30
6.......... 1.85 2.80 1.75 9.30 2.70 .25
7.......... 1.75 2.75 1.70 10.50 2.55 1.20
8.......... 1.70 2.70 1.70 10.80 2.40 1.10
9.......... 1.65 2.60 1.65 10.40 2.30 1.05
10.......... 1.60 2.50 1.65 8.90 2.20 1.05
11.......... 1.60 2.40 1.60 7.50 2.15 1.00
12.......... 1.65 2.30 1.60 6.00 2.10 1.48
13.......... 1.80 2.30 1.70 5.00 2.001 1.10
14.......... 2.00 2.20 1.80 4.40 1.95 1..25
15.......... 3.10 2.10 2.00 4.00 1.90 1.15
16.......... 3.00 2.00 2.25 3.70 1.85 1.00
17.......... 2.80 1.95 3.00 3.50 1.80 1.65
18.......... 2.60 1.90 4.75 4.00 1.75 1.70
19.......... 2.80 1.85 5.50 5.10 1.70 1.65
20.......... 3.00 1.80 4.70 5.80 1.60 1.55
21.......... 4.10 1.80 4.00 5.50 1.70 1.95
22.......... 5.80 1.80 3.25 4.00 1.66 ?.10
23.......... 6.05 1.75 3.00 4.50 1.55 2.30
24.......... 6.50 1.75 2.75 5.75 1.50 2.50
25......... 7.20 1.70 2.30 7.10 1.45 2.05
26.......... 9.00 1.70 2.15 7.80 1.40 1.75
27.......... 10.20 1.70 2.00 7.45 1.55 1.50
28.......... 10.65 1.65 2.00 6.45 1.70 1.60
29.......... 10.45 ..... 2.30 5.50 1.60 1.45
30.......... 9.45 .. 3.00 4.75 1.45 1.30
31.......... 7.55 .. 4.50 .... 1.35 ....


July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.
I I

1.15 4.25 2.20 2.20 2.60
1.05 4.00 1.80 1.80 2.50
1.00 4.10 1.75 1.70 2.50
.95 4.00 5.80 2.00 2.45
.95 3.30 9.30 6.80 2.40
.90 4.00 10.20 11.20 2.40
.95 5.50 11.00 11.90 2.40
1.00 5.30 11.30 15.80 2.40
1.15 4.50 11.60 14.70 2.45
1.65 4.30 10.80 12.50 2.55
2.15 4.50 8.70 12.00 2.75
2.15 4.70 5.80 11.20 2.75
2.10 6.70 4.75 8.80 2.70
2.15 5.90 4.10 5.50 2.65
2.05 4.70 3.40 4.40 2.70
2.30 3.70 3.00 3.60 2.80
3.10 3.00 2.70 3.00 3.00
3.05 2.75 2.50 3.50 3.15
2.50 2.55 2.25 5.40 3.25
1.90 2.45 2.20 6.40 3.70
1.65 2.40 2.15 6.30 4.20
1.50 2.40 2.20 6.00 5.15
1.35 2.35 2.55 5.80 7.00
1.25 2.30 3.55 5.00 5.90
1.20 2.15 4.30 4.35 5.20
1.40 2.00 3.90 4.00 4.90
2.35 1.80 3.40 3.75 4.60
3.15 2.00 '3.15 3.30 4.20
3.10 2.50 3.00 3.00 4.00
3.40 3.00 2.75 2.75 3.80
4.00 2.60 .... 2.70 I .....





--












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., for 189SN.


Feel. Se", -feeli Feel.

0.9 2,140 4.7
1.0 2,320 4.8
1.1 2,520 4.9
1.2 2,720 5.0
1.3 2,925 5.1
1.4 3,130 5.2
1.5 3,340 5.3
1.6 3,550 5.4
1.7 3,760 5.5
1.8 3,970 5.6
1.9 4,185 5.7
2.0 4,400 5.8
2.1 4,620 5.9
2.2 4,840 6.0
2.3 5,070 6.1
2.4 5,300 6.2
2.5 5,540 6.3
2.6 5,780 6.4
2.7 6,030 6.5
2.8 6,280 6.6
2.9 6,540 6.7
3.0 6,800 6.8
3.1 7,080 6.9
3.2 7,360 7.0
3.3 7,655 7.1
3.4 7,950 7.2
3.5 8,260 j 7.3
3.6 8,570 7.4
3.7 8,895 7.5
3.8 9,220 | 7.6
3.9 9,560 7.7
4.0 9,900 7.8
4.1 12,243 7.9
4.2 10,586 8.0
4.3 10,929 8.1
4.4 11,272 8.2
4.5 11,615 8.3
4.6 11,958 8.4


12,301 8.5 25,335 12.3 46,960
12,301 8.5 25,335 12.3 46,960
12,644 8.6 25,678 12.4 47,680
1z,987 8.7 26,021 12.5 48,400
13,330 8.8 26,364 12.6 49,120
13,673 8.9 26,707 12.7 49,840
14,016 9.0 27,050 12.8 50,560
14,659 9.1 27,433 12.9 51,280
14,702 9.2 27,800 13.0 52,000
15,045 9.3 28,175 13.1 52,720
15,388 9.4 28,550 13.2 53,440
15,731 9.5 28,965 13.3 54,160
16,074 9.6 29,380 13.4 54,885
16,417 9.7 29,815 13.5 55,600
16,760 9.8 30,250 13.6 56,320
17,103 9.9 30,725 13.7 57,040
17,446 10.0 31,200 13.8 57,760
17,789 10.1 31,725 13.9 58,480
18,132 10.2 32,250 14.0 59,200
18,475 10.3 32,825 14.1 59,920
18,818 10.4 33,400 14.2 tj,640
19,161 10.5 34,067 14.3 61,360
19,540 10.6 34,725 14.4 62.080
19,847 10.7 35,442 14.5 62,800
20,190 10.8 36,160 14.6 63,520
20,533 10.9 36,880 14.7 64,240
20,876 11.0 37,600 14.8 64,960
21,219 11.1 38,320 14.9 65,680
21,562 11.2 39,040 15.0 66,400
21,905 11.3 39,Y60 15.1 67,120
22,248 11.4 40,480 15.2 67,840
22,591 11.5 41,200 15.3 68,560
S22,934 11.6 41,920 15.4 69,280
23,277 11.7 42,640 15.5 70,000
23,620 11.8 43,360 15.6 70,720
23,963 11.9 44,080 15.7 71.440
24,306 | 12.0 44,800 15.8 72,160
24,649 12.1 45,520 15.9 72,880
24,992 12.2 46,240 16.0 73,600


NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.













60 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


The following discharge measurements were made during
1899 by Max Hall and others:

April 26: Gage height, 9.00 feet; discharge, 29,069 second-feet.
May 3: Gage height, 4.05 feet; discharge, 10,592 second-feet.
May 20: Gage height, 2.70 feet; discharge, 6,276 second-feet.
June 14: Gage height, 2.20 feet; discharge, 5,010 second-feet.
August 26: Gage height, 1.42 feet; discharge, 3,791 second-feet.
September 23: Gage height, 1.00 foot; discharge, 2,457 second-
feet.
November 7: Gage height, 0.85 foot; discharge, 2,271 second-feet.
December 9: rage height, 1.20 feet; discharge, 2,727 second-feet.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., for 1899.


Day Jan.


1.......... 2.80
2........ 2.75
3.......... 2.75
4.......... 2.80
.......... 3.80
6. ......... 3.00
8.......... 4.30
9..... .... 4.20
10.......... 4.40
11 ......... 5.20
12 ......... 5.90
13......... 5.60
14.......... 5.00
15.......... 4.70
16.......... 4.90
17.......... 5.00
18.......... 4.90
19.......... 4.70
20 ......... 4.60
21.......... 4.20
22.......... 4.00
23.......... 3.90
24.......... 3.90
25.......... 4.00
26.......... 4.25
27.......... 4.15
28.......... 4.00
29.......... 3.90
30...........I 3.75
31..........1 3.70


Feb. Mar. April May Jun.


5.90 12.10 10.30 5.00 2.70
6.30 12.20 10.20 4.50 2.80
7.50 12.30 10.00 4.20 2.80
7.40 12.10 9.80 3.95 2.60
9.10 10.10 8.90 3.80 2.30
12.10 9.00 8.75 3.75 2.10
14.10 8.00 9.00 3.60 2.00
14.30 7.50 10.00 4.00 2.00
14.30 7.25 12.30 3.85 1.95
14.10 7.00 12.00 3.60 1.95
13.80 6.15 11.70 3.45 1.95
13.00 5.20 10.00 3.30 1.95
12.00 5.50 8.90 3.20 2.00
10.90 7.50 7.90 3.00 2.15
8.70 8.30 6.30 3.00 2.80
7.90 16.00 5.55 2.95 3.2I
7.60 17.40 5.25 2.951 2.95
7.80 17.00 5.10 2.80 2.5F
8.10 16.50 5.00 2.80 2.25
8.20 16.30 4.80 2.75 2'
8.00 16.35 4.60 2.75 1.80
7.65 16.20 4.30 2.70 1.7f
8.00 15.90 4.75 2.70 1.70
8.10 15.70 5.65 2.65 1.6r
7.30 115.50 8.90 I 2.0o 1.7
7.00 114.90 | 9.00 I 2.50 I 1.60
8.30 13.25 8.90 2.451 1.60
11.00 111.00 I 8.30 2.35 I 1.65
...... 8.00 6.90 2.30 1.70
...... 7.90 5.45 2.20 1.6E
...... 8.50 ...... 2.70 ....


July Aug. Sept.


1.70 3.95 2.30
1.70 3.00 2.40
1.65 2.30 2.80
1.60 2.00 2.40
1.50 1.90 2.10
1.50 1.75 2.00
1.45 1.65 1.85
1.40 1.50 1.40
1.70 1.50 1.30
1.60 1.55 1.25
1.50 1.55 1.25
1.50 1.60 2.20
1.40 1.50 2.50
1.40 1.45 2.65
1.30 1.50 2.00
1.30 1.50 1.40
1.30 1.50 1.25
1.20 1.55 1.20
1.30 1.50 1.20
1.50 1.45 1.10
1.50 1.45 1.00
1.90 1.35 .95
3.20 1.30 1.00
4.70 1.30 i 1.00
3.60 1 1.30 1.00
3.20 I 1.60 1.00
3.00 | 1.20 .95
3.60 I 1.10 .95
4.20 1.50 .90
5.20 2.10 .90
4.75 2.10 ......


Oct. Nov. Dee

I^" I --












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa river at Riverside, Ala., for 1899.


zC D- CC


Feet. Second fl. Feet.


0.9 2,330 5.2
1.0 2,460 5.3
1.1 2,600 5.4
1.2 2,760 5.5
1.3 2,920 5.6
1.4 3,100 5.7
1.5 3,300 5.8
1.6 3,500 5.9
1.7 3,720 6.0
1.8 3,940 6.1
1.9 4,160 6.2
2.0 4,400 6.3
2.1 4,600 6.4
2.2 | 4,900 6.5
2.3 5,160 6.6
2.4 5,430 6.7
L.5 5,700 6.8
2.6 5,970 6.9
2.7 6,250 7.0
;.8 6,530 7.1
2.9 6,810 7.2
3.0 7,100 7.3
3.1 7,400 7.4
3.2 7,700 7.5
3.3 8,010 7.6
3.4 8,330 7.7
3.5 8,650 7.8
3.6 8,970 | 7.9
3.7 9,290 8.0
3.8 9,620 8.1
3.9 9.950 8.2
4.0 10.300 | 8.3
4.1 10,670 8.4
4.2 11,040 8.5
4.3 11,410 8.6
4.4 11,780 | 8.7
4.5 12,150 | 8.8
4.6 12,520 8.9
4.7 12,890 9.0
4.8 13,260 | 9.1
4.9 13.630 || 9.2
5.0 14,000 I 9.3
5.1 14.370 I| 9.4


1C




Secondef Ct.


14,740
15,110
15,480
15,850
16,220
16,590
16,960
17,330
17,700
18,070
18,440
18,810
19,180
19,550
19,920
20,290
20,660
21,030
21,400
21,,70
22,140
22,510
22,880
23.250
23,620
23,990
24,360
24,730
25,100
25,470
25,840
26,210
26,580
26,950
27,320
21,690
28,060
28.430
28,800
29,170
29,540
29,910
30,280


C)
F cc
C) C)



Feet. Second feet.


9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
10.0
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
11.0
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
12.0
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
13.0
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
lo.5
13.6
13.7


30,650
31,020
31,390
31,760
32,130
32,500
32,870
33,240
33,610
33,980
34,350
34,720
35,090
35,460
35,830
36,200
36,570
36,940
37,310
37,680
38,050
38,420
38,790
39,160
39,530
39,900
40,270
40,640
41,010
41,380
41,750
42,120
42,490-
42,860
43,230
43,600
43,970
44,340
44,710
45,080
45,450
45,720
46,190


C -


Feet. Second feet


S13.8 46,560
13.9 46,930
14.0 47,300
14.1 47,670
14.2 48,040
14.3 48,410
14.4 48,780
14.5 49,150
14.6 49,520
14.7 49,890
14.8 50,260
14.9 50,630
15.0 51,000
15.1 51,370
15.2 51,740
15.3 52,110
15.4 52,480
15.5 52,850
15.6 53,220
15.7 53,590
15.8 53,960
15.9 54,330
16.0 54,700
16.1 55,070
16.2 55,440
16.3 55,810
16.4 56,280
16.5 56,650
16.6 57,020
16.7 57,390
16.8 57,760
16.9 58,130
17.0 58,400
17.1 58,770
17.2 59,140
17.3 59,510
17.4 59,880
17.5 60,250
17.6 60,620
17.7 60,990
17.8 61,360
17.9 61,730
18.0 62,100


NorE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.


j











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


The following discharge measurements were made during
1900oo by Max Hall and others:

February 10: Gage height, 5.03 feet; discharge, 13,493 second-
feet.
March 21: Gage height, 12.50 feet; discharge, 43,759 second-feet.
May 5: Gage height, 4.15 feet; discharge, 11,196 second-feet.
August 21: Gage height, 2.32 feet; discharge, 5,609 second-feet.
December 28: Gage height, 4.25 feet; discharge, 11,335 second-
feet.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River, near Riverside, Ala..
for 1900.


Day IJan. / Feb. /M r InnrilI I


D ay i.... I . ..I i

1.......... 3.50 2,70 6.90 6.65
.......... 3.00 Z2tt 7.55 6.25
3.......... 2.50 2.60 6.90 6.00
4......... 2.40 2.50 6.25 5.60
5.......... 2.15 2.60 5.40 5.10
6.......... 2.05 2.80 5.00 4.90
S.......... 1.95 2.95 4.90 4.75
8.......... 1.95 3.00 6.00 4.40
9. ......... 2.00 3.75 8.75 4.35
10.......... 2.00 4.25 10.00 | 4.30
11.......... 2.10 5.80 110.55 6.50
12.......... 3.50 6.50 10.05 12.40
13.......... 6.00 13.30 8.75 12.90
14...........1 7.40 115.30 [ 7.50 11.70
15.......... 7.00 15.20 5.60 9.50
16.......... 6.40 14.50 6.00 7.20
17.......... 5.10 114.00 6.30 112.40
18.......... 4.00 |13.36 6.00 118.10
19........ 4.25 12.80 6.50 17.55
20....... 8.00 112.10 10.00 15.65
21.......... 9.70 9.00 |12.20 13.95
22 .......... 10.00 7.80 |12.85 113.15
23.......... 9.40 6.80 12.60 112.65
24.......... 8.75 1 7.20 111.80 112.20 1
25.......... 7.75! 6.90 110.60 110.80
26......... 6.00 1 6.50 10.30 9.15
27.......... 4.10 5.25 10.20 7.90
28........ 3.60 5.00 1 9.85 1 6.50 I
29.......... 3.30 ......I 9.50 ( 5.70
30.. ... 1 3.00 ......I 8.50 ( 5.35
31........ 2.70 ......I 7.20 1 ......


May Jun.


5.00 I 2.75
5.30 1 2.8
5.30 I 2.50
4.75 2.60
4.30 [ 2.'0
4.20 3.45
4.00 1 3.90
3.65 4.10
3.40 7.(
3.30 I 8.30
3.15 5 8.00
2.95 7.70
2.70 I 6.7
2.70 1 4.30
2.65 1 4.50
2.65 I 4.70
2.60 I 5.00
2.60 I 4.90
2.60 6.90
2.60 6.90
2.65 6.4
3.20 6.10
2.90 7.'
3.00 111.35
3.25 112.50
3.10 111.1
3.20 1 J 1"
3.00 114.60
2.80 113. '0
2.70 I1i- .
2.60 .


July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. I I)c.

11.60 4.70 1.85 1.55 2.30 5.75
10.10 3.90 2.00 1.55 2.25 4.35
8.90 3.00 2.20 1.50 2.50 3.75
8.20 2.75 2.10 1.50 2.! 0 3.40
7.50 2.55 2.00 1.50 2.F0 3.30
6.45 2.40 1.80 1.45 2.40 4.35
5.50 2.25 1.70 1.40 2.40 6.05
4.70 2.15 1.60 1.50 2.35 5.40
5.00 2.10 1.50 2.20 2.30 4.80
4.30 2.00 1.45 2.35 2.30 4.00
4.20 2.CO I 1.35 3.S5 2.13 3.60
4.10 1 1.90 1.30 3.60( 2.10 3.15
5.65 2.25 1.25 3.80 2.10 2.95
4.65 2.00 1.20 2.80 2.00 2.80
3.75 1.10 3.35 3.00 1.90 2.70
3.60 1.85 6.00 2.90 1.>0 2.65
3.50 2.00 7.00 2.80 1.75 2.60
3.35 2.00( 7.50 2.65 1.70 2.55
3.10 2.20 1 6.00 2.50 1.80 2.55
3.00 I 2.10 4.35 2.40 2.0O 3.00
2.90 1 2.20 3.20 2.30 2.50 3.30
2.70 2.0 1 2.50 2.20 4.00 5.20
2.45 2.00 2.00 2.15 13.80 7.00
2.50 1 1.95 1.90 3.00 | 3.20 7.30
2.60 1.90 1.85 5.25 I 3.10 .90
2.50 2.20 1.80 7.50 3.00 6.35
2.60 2.10 1.80 5.00 4.35 5 90
3.70 2.00 1.65 3.80 6.40 4.90
5.70 I 1.96 I 1.60 3.00 9.20 4.30
5.30 I 1.90 1 1.55 2.65 i 8.20 4.00
5.90 1.90 ...... 2.50 ...... 6.50


--












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


The following discharge measurements were made during
1901 by Max Hall and others:

January 8: Gage height, 3.85 feet; discharge, 9,572 second-feet.
March 18: Gage height, 3.70 feet; discharge, 9,333 second-feet.
August 24: Gage height. 12.95 feet ;discharge, 44,554 second-feet.
November 14: Gage height, 1.70 feet; discharge, 4,039 second-
feet.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River, at Riverside, Ala.,
for 1901.


Day Jan. | Feb.lMar.AprilMay Jun. July Aug. pt.
I i I I I
1.......... 7.30 | 6.00 3.55 14.35 4.80 5.20 3.00 2.15 5.60
2.......... 7.35 6.50 3.50 14.40 4.60 8.20 2.90 2.10 5.00
3..........1 1.50 | 9.00 1 3.50 13.30 4.30 8.25 2.85 2.10 4.50
4.......... 6.00 10.60 3.50 11.90 4.15 7.20 2.80 2.05 4.30
5.......... 5.50 11.00 3.40 110.40 4.00 5.75 2.80 2.00 3.65
.......... 5.00 112.00 1 3.30 10.30 3.95 5.00 2.75 2.20 3.30
7..........1 4.25 111.90 I 3.20 9.00 I 3.90 I 4.80 2.75 4.10 1 3.05
.......... 3.95 |11.50 1 3.10 7.25 1 3.75 1 4.30 2.70 4.80 3.00
9 ..........( 3.70 9.90 1 3.10 1 6.50 1 3.60 4.20 3.50 4.25 2.90
10..........1 3.60 9.60 1 3.40 1 5.60 I 3.45 1 6.20 4.00 3.50 1 2.85
11.......... 6.50 9I .90 I 5.50 5.00 3.25 6.00 3.50 2.90 2.75
12..........114.10 I 9.60 6.50 4.80 3.15 5.00 2.90 2.75 2.70
13..........115.70 1 8.90 7.50 4.80 3.10 4.26 2.50 1 2.60 2.65
14.......... 15.40 I 7.60 I 7.00 6.50 1 3.10 3.75 2.40 I 3.20 I 2.65
15.......... 15.10 6.50 6.30 7.50 I 3.00 3.75 2.35 3.20 2.60
16.......... 114.90 5.80 I 5.25 8.30 2.95 I .80 '.2n I 2.40 P).'
17..........114.30 1 5.45 4.25 7.80 2.95 I 3.80 3.15 | 5.30 I 3.90
18.......... 113.90 1 5.00 I 3.75 6.50 I 2.90 1 4.91 2.90 I 9.60 I 5.60
19..........13.30 4.80 3.55 110.50 12.90 5.001 2.90 1 9.65 6.30
20.......... 11.30 1..60 3.55 114.00 2.85 I 4.50 3.20 110.00 1 7.50
21..........I 8.30 1 1.35 1 3.75 114.50 1 4.00 .90 2.00 '11.50 I 7.20
22.......... 6.25 I 1.20 [ 3.70 114.30 I 8.20 3.o 2.95 111.00 | 6.00
23.......... 5.30 I 4.00 [ :.50 113.50 I 9.90 I 3.50 2.90 111.50 I 4.50
24.......... 4.60 I 1.1)0 4 .) 112.50 '10.75 3.25 2.75 112.50 I 3.30
25 .......... 5.30 3.85 113.90 '11.30 111.85 1 3.15 2.70 112.90 3.00
26 .......... 5.80 3.65 115.90 9.90 111.90 1 3.00 2.60 112.40 I 2.70
27.......... 6.30 3.65 15.20 7.90 11.80 2.90 2.40 12.00 2.60
28.......... 6.40 3.60 114.70 I 6.80 111.00 I 3.00 2.20 111.0 2.50
29........... 5.85 .. .114.25 I 5.90 I 9.60 2.90 2.30 I 9.95 [ 2.65
30..........I 5.50 I.. 114.60 1 5.20 1 6.20 3.10 2.40 I 8.35 I 2.60
31.......... 5.80 ... ... 115.50 ...... 4.60 I .... 2.20 I 6.85 1......


Oct.


2.70
4.00
3.20
3.00
2.90
2.75
2. 6I
2.50
2.30
1.30
2.25
2.30
3.00
2.80
2.70


Nov.I Dec.


1.90 1.85
1.85 1.90
1.95 1.95
1.85 1.95
S1.80 | 2.20
S1.80 2.10
1.80 I 2.00
1.85 2.00
1.5r 2.10
jI .o 2.10
1.80 2.05
1.80 I 2.00
1.80 2.00
1.75 1 2.90
1.75 11.50
1.8 1 12.00
1.80 I 12.50
1.S0 1 12.40
1.80 | 11.00
1.75 10.20
1.75 9.20
1.5 I 8.I "
1.7r 1 4.50
1.85 1 3.60
1.90 I 4.10
2.101 4.60
2.00 1 5.10
2.00 1 6.50
1.85 1 11.50
1.85 1 15.60
......I 16.00










64 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.
Rating table for Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., for 1900 and 1901.




a *


Feet. Seconi-ft. Feet. Secow ft. Feet. Second-ft. Feet. Second-t.

1.0 2,460 5.6 15,900 10.2 33,900 14.8 52,300
1.1 2,610 5.7 16,250 10.3 34,300 14.9 52,700
1.2 2,760 5.8 16,600 10.4 34,700 15.0 53,100
1.3 2,930 5.9 16,950 10.5 35,100 15.1 53,500
1.4 3,100 6.0 17,300 10.6 35,500 15.2 53,900
1.5 3,300 | 6.1 17,680 10.7 35,900 15.3 54,300
1.6 3,500 6.2 18,060 10.8 36,300 15.4 54,700
1.7 3,720 6.3 18,440 10.9 36,700 15.5 55,100
1.8 3,940 6.4 18,820 11.0 37,100 15.6 55,500
1.9 4,170 6.5 19,200 11.1 37,500 15.7 55,900
2.0 4,400 6.6 19,580 11.2 37,900 15.8 56, ;00
2.1 4,650 6.7 19,960 11.3 38,300 15.9 56,700
2.2 4,900 6.8 20,340 11.4 38.700 16.0 57,100
2.3 5,165 6.9 20,720 11.5 39.100 I 16.1 57.500
2.4 5,430 7.0 21,100 11.6 39.500 16.2 57,900
2.5 5,700 | 7.1 21,500 11.7 39.900 16.3 08,300
2.6 5,970 7.2 21,900 11.8 40,300 16.4 58,700
2.7 6,250 7.3 22,300 11.9 40,700 16.5 59,100
2.8 6,530 7.4 22,700 12.0 41,100 I 16.6 59,500
2.9 6,845 7.5 23,100 12.1 41,500 16.7 59,900
3.0 7,100 7.6 23,500 12.2 41,900 16.8 60,300
3.1 7,400 7.7 23,900 12.3 42,300 16.9 60,700
3.2 7,700 7.8 24,300 12.4 42,700 17.0 61,100
3.3 8,015 I 7.9 24,700 12.5 43,100 17.1 61,500
3.4 8,330 8.0 25,100 12.6 43,500 17.2 61,900
3.5 8,650 I] 8.1 25,500 12.7 43,900 | 17.3 62,300
3.6 8,970 I 8.2 25,900 12.8 44,300 17.4 62,700
3.7 9,295 I 8.3 26,300 12.9 | 44,700 |17.5 63,100
3.8 9,620 8.4 26,700 13.0 45,100 17.6 63,500
3.9 9,960 8.5 27,100 13.1 45,500 | 17.7 63,900
4.0 10,300 | 8.6 27,500 13.2 45,900 17.8 64,300
4.1 1 10,650 II 8.7 27,900 13.3 46,300 17.9 64,700
4.2 11,000 |I 8.8 28,300 | 13.4 46,700 | 18.0 65,100
4.3 11,350 I 8.9 28,700 | 13.5 47,100 18.1 65,500
4.4 11,700 | 9.0 29,100 | 13.6 47,500 | 18.2 65,900
4.5 12,050 | 9.1 29,500 13.7 47,900 | 18.3 66,300
4.6 12,400 I1 9.2 29,900 13.8 | 48,300 | 18.4 66.700
4.7 12,750 9.3 30,300 13.9 48,700 18.5 67,100
4.8 13.100 9.4 30,700 14.0 49,100 18.6 b7,500
4.9 13.450 9.5 31,100 14.1 49,500 | 18.7 67,900
5.0 | 13,800 | 9.6 31,500 14.2 49,900 | 18.8 68,300
5.1 14,150 | 9.7 31,900 | 14.3 50,300 18.9 68.700
5.2 1 14,500 9.8 32,300 | 14.4 50,700 19.0 69,100
5.3 | 14,850 || 9.9 32,700 | 14.5 51,100
5.4 15,200 I 10.0 33,100 || 14.6 51,500
5.5 15,550 | 10.1 33,500|| 14.7 51,900
NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABA1IA.


Estimated monthly discharge of Goosa River at Riverside, Ala.

[Drainage area, 6,850 square miles.]


Month.




1896.
September 27 to 30
October ..........
November ........
December ........

1897.
January .........
February .........
M arch ............
A pril .............
M ay ..............
June .............
July ..............
August ...........
September ........
October ..........
November ........
December ........

1898.
January ..........
February .........
M arch ...........
A pril ............
M ay .............
June ............
July .............
August ..........
September .......
October .........
November .......
December .......

1899.
January .........
February ........
M arch ...........
A pril ............
M ay .............
June ............
July ............
August ..........
September .......
October .........
November .......
December ........


Li


Discharge in second-feet. Run-off.

M n Second-
Maxi- Mini- Total in Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. acre- in square
feet. ]inches. mile.



1,400 1,350 1,3631 10,812 0.03 0.20
7,640 1,4501 2,2181 136,3801 0.371 0.32
S15,1001 2,1901 4,6371 275,9211 0.75j 0.68
S12,110 2,280 4,125 253,636 0.69 0.60


21,707 2,4201 8,4341 518,590 1.42 1.23
27,086 4,520 18,65811,03b,230 2.831 2.'2
47,624 10,460 32,481|1,997,180| 5.471 4.74
37,3556 5,1001 17,69811,053,105 2.87[ 2.58
10,7861 4,2701 7,0401 432,875 1.19 1.03
4,950 3,070 3,915 232,960 0.63i 0.57
23,826 3,070 7,142 439,145 1.201 1.04
6,300 2,850 3,870 237,960 0.641 0.56
3,a40 1,440 1,976 117,580 0.32 0.29
3,660 1,350 1,819 111,845 0.31 0.27
2,525 1,570 1,786 106,275 0.29 0.26
13,883 1,820 6,566 403,7d0 1.10 0.96
I O3dI I1 I
. .. I


35,084
16,760
15,045
36,160
9,560
5,540
9,900
19,161
41,920
72,160
20,1901
9,9001


17,330
48,410
60,8801
41,0101
14,000o
7,700
14,740
10,1251
6,5301
3,100
7,100
26,025


3,550
3,655
3,550
8,260
3,028
2,320
2,140
3,9701
3,8651
3,760
5,300
5,070


6,390
17,330
14,740
11,410
4,900
3,500
2,760
2,600
2,330|
2,330
2,395
2,920


11,572 711,539
5,763 320,161
5,852 359,828
18,13311,078,986
4,6841 288,010
3,2811 195,233
4,289 263,722
8,758 538,512
13,9271 828,712
19,93611,225,825
8,375 498,345
7,376 453,535


10,865 668,063
30,974 1,720,209


38,09412,342,309
24,915 1,482,545
7,742 476,037|
4,771 283,894
5,318 326,9911
3,806 234,0221
3,5551 211,5371
2,510 154,334
3,086 183,630
10,631 653,675


1.951 1.69
0.87 0.84
0.68 0.59
2.95 2.65
0.78[ 0.68
0.541 0.48
0.721 0.63
1.48 1.28
2.26 2.03
3.36 2.91
1.36 1.22
1.25 1.08


1.78 1.54
4.56 4.38
6.21 5.39
3.941 3.53
1.27 1.10
0.75 0.68
0.861 0.75
0.621 0.54
0.561 0.50
0.41| 0.36
0.49 0.44
1.73[ 1.50











6 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Estimated monthly discharge of Coosa River near Riverside, Ala.

[Drainage area, 7,065 square miles.]


Discharge in second-feet.


S Run-off.


Month Second
Maxi- Mini- total in Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. acre- in square
feet. inches. mile.


1900.
January ........ 33,100 4,280 13,344 820,491 2.18 1.89
February ........ 54,300 5,700 23,487 1,304,402 3.45 3.32
March ...... .... 44,500 13,450 26,822 1,649,221 4.38 3.80
April ..... ...... 65,500 .11,350 29,813 1,773,997 4.71 4.22
May ..... ...... 14,850 5,970 8,198 504,0751 1.34 1.16
June ............ 51,500 5,970 22,216 1,321,944 3.51 3.14
July ........... 39,500 5,565 13,610 836,846 2.23 1.93
August .......... 12,750 4,050 5,147 316,477 0.84 0.73
September ...... 23,100 2,760 6,483 385,765 1.03 0.92
October .... ..... 23,100 3,100 6,910 424,879 1.13 0.98
November ... .... '29,900 3,720i 7,673 456,575 1.22 1.09
December ........ 22,300 5,8351 11,773 723,894 1.93 1.67
The year ...... 65,5001 2,7601 14,623|105185661 27.95[ 2.07




Discharge in second-feet Run-off.


Month.




1901.
January ...... ............
February ................
March ...................
A pril ........ .............
M ay ........ .. ..........
June .......... ..........
July ........ .............
A ugust ...... ............
September ................
October ...... ............
November ........ ........
December ...... ..........
The year ...... .........


Second-
Maxi- Mini- Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mea,. in square
inches. mile.



55,900 8,970 26,089 4.25 3.69
41,100 8,970 21,784 3.21 3.08
56,700 7,400 20,613 3.37 2.92
51,100 14,500 30,616 4.83 4.33
40,700 6,670 16,195 2.641 2.29
26,100 6,810 12,335 1.95 1.75
10,300 4,900 6,535 1.07 0.93
44,700 4,400 20,370 3.32 2.88
23,100 5,700 9,977 1.57 1.41
10,300 4,280 5,6941 0.931 0.81
4,650 3,830 4,0161 0.641 0.57
57,100 4,050 18,885 3.081 2.67
57,1001 3,830[ 16,0921 30.86 2-28











WATER-POWE~RS OF ALAB~AMA.


Fig. 9.-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., 1897.


Fig. 10.-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., 1898.











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Fig. 11.-Discharge of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., 1899.
Minimum monthly discharge of Coosa River at Riverside, Ala., with
corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a water wheel
realizing 80 per cent of theoretical power.
[Drainage area, 6,850 square miles.]


1899 i


1900


January .I 6.390
February .117,330
March ...114,7401
April .... 111,410]
May .... . 4,9001
June .... 3,500
July .... 2,760
August .... 2,600
September 2,3301
October .. 2,330
November 2,395
December 2,920


I G' S I to v

,. c c. 5 a2.= 0




581 2 4,285. 390 21 8,9701 815 1
1,575 1 5,700 518a o 8,9701 815

1,340 1 13,450| 1,223' 1 7,400 673 2
1,037 1 11,350 1,032 1[ 14,500 1,310 2
445 1 5,970 543 51 6,6870 608 1
318 3 5,970 543 1 6,810 619 2
251 11 5,5651 506 11 4,9001 445 3
236 1I 4,0501 369 11 4,400 400 1
212 2 2,7601 251 11 5,700 518 1
212 111 3,1001 282 1I 4,285 390 1
218 17 3,720 338 1 3,830 348 6
2651 2 5,835 5301 2 4,050 368 1


NOTE.-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table 1
that month.









WATER-PO4,ERS OF ALABAMA.


2. COOSA RIVER AT ROME, GEORGIA.

Coosa River is formed by the junction of Etowah and O(osta-
naula rivers at Rome, Ga. The drainage area is 4,006 square
miles. Both of the tributary rivers rise in the northern part
of Georgia and flow for the most part through a hilly, broken
country, well wooded, about one-fourth of the land being un-
der cultivation. The Coosa River flows in a southwesterly di-
rection into Alabama and joins the Tallapoosa 6 miles above
Montgomery, Ala., to form Alabama River. Measurements of
flow are made at Rome and at Riverside, 120 miles farther
downstream. The measurements at Rome are made on the
Oostanaula and Etowah just above their junction. Etowah
River is measured at Second avenue bridge and the Oosta-
naula at Fifth avenue bridge in Rome, and the result added
to give the flow of Coosa River. The gage height is taken from
the United States Weather Bureau gage at Fifth avenue
bridge, on the Oostanaula. There is practically no fall on
Oostanaula River from Fifth avenue bridge to the junction,
hence the gage is used as Coosa River gage and gives the fluc-
tuations of Coosa River. This gage is a 4 by 6 inch timber,
graduated to feet and tenths and fastened to the downstream
left-hand corner of the first pier from the left bank. The zero
of gage is 575.79 feet avove sea level. The United States
Weather Bureau has maintained the station here for many years.
It is now maintained only as a half-year station, from Novem-
ber I to April 30, inclusive, but W. M. Towers, the river ob-
server, kindly reads the gage and furnishes the Survey with
monthly reports of the daily gage heights for the entire year
without charge. Mr. Towers has kept the records for many
years and has predicted floods with great precision. The chan-
nel of the Etowah is straight, current swift and unobstructed,
but the Oostanaula is rather sluggish and somewhat ob-
structed by piers. The banks are high, but liable to overflow in
times of high water.
The following discharge measurements were made during
1896-97-98 by Max Hall and others:
1896-
September 29: Gage height, 0.20 feet; discharge, 1,209 second-feet.
1897-
May 7: Gage height, 2.75 feet; discharge, 4,646 second-feet.
October 5: Gage height, 0.15 feet; discharge, 990 second-feet.












70 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

1898-
May 11: Gage height, 1.90 feet; discharge, 2,946 second-feet.
September 17: Gage height, 2.60 feet; discharge, 3,913 second-
feet.
October 11: Gage height, 5.05 feet; discharge, 8,324 second-feet.
October 22: Gage height, 4.10 feet; discharge, 6,489 second-feet.
November 30: Gage height, 3.90 feet; discharge, 6,039 second-
feet.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River at Rome, Ga., for 187.. .


Day Jan. Feb.Mar.Apri ay JunJulylAug. ISept.i Oct. Nov. Dec.

1.......... 1.0 .S i 3.3 7.1 1 4.1 1.8 1.7 0.8 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.1
2.......... 1.0 9.7 3.2 7.5 4.0 2.3 1.9 .7 .5 0.0 .9 1.0
3..........| 1.0 11.5 3.1 8. 3 1.0 1.2 .3 0.0 1.0 1.2
4. 1.0 9.6 3.3 9.4 3.3 3.0 0.9 1.0 .5 .1 1.0 2.3
5.......... 1.0 8.2 3.5 14.8 3.0 2.4 2.0 .8 .4 .1 1.0 3.2
6.......... 1.3 5.2 7.6 18.9 3.0 2.0 1.9 | .8 | .3 .1 .8 3.7
...... 1.1 5.0 19.7 17.0 3.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 .3 .1 .8 3.2
8.........1 1.1 4.3 18.9 14.7 1 2.8 2.0 3.0 2.0 .2 .1 .8 2.2
9.......... 1.0 5.0 15.4 12.1 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.0 .1 .1 .8 1.9
10...... 1.0 1 4.4 13.5 9.6 2.6 1..9 1.9 1.6 .0 .1 .7 1.7
11... ... .9 4.5 12.0 7.2 | .6 1.9 2.5 2.4 .0 .1 .7 1.5
12.......... .9 7.1 11.5 6.2 .0 1. 2.8 .8 .0 1 1 .7 1.4
13.......... .9 8.7 18.6 5.8 | 3.4 1.8 2.0 1.3 .0 1.6 .7 1.3
14.......... 2.8 | 7.2 21.3 5.0 4.0 1.7 1.6 .8 .0 1.3 .6 2.2
15.......... 6.2 5.5 23.8 6.0 5.0 1.7 1.3 .6 .0 1.0 .0 4.0
1 ;.......... 5.0 4.5 23.4 7.4 4.0 2.0 1.0 .6 .0 .8 .6 3.5
17.......... 3.5 4.0 22.6 7.0 1 3.3 2.8 5.2 2.1 .0 .7 .6 2.5
1........... 3.9 3.7 21.4 5.01 2.8 2.3 4.2 3.2 .1 .6 6 2.2
19.. ....... 5.0 1 3.4 19.7 | 4.5 2.7 2.0 4.8 2.4 .2 .6 .6 1.8
25 .......... 3.5 [ 3.0 188.9 4.0 2.6 1.8 8.8 1.4 .2 .6 .I 1.7
;.........I 8.7 4.0 17.7 3. 2.5 1.6 12.8 1.3 .2 1.5 .6 3.2
22 .........I 9.5 ~ 3.9 115.3 3.7 2.4 1.5 7.3 1.5 .2 1.3 .5 4.1
23 ......... 5.7 5.6 1 13.7 3.5 2.4 1.5 4.4 1.5 .2 1.0 .5 5.8
24.......... 4.0 11.7 12.9 3.5 2.4 1.4 3.9 1. 5 .2 .8 .5 6.3
25.......... 3.5 8.6 9.1 3.5 2.3 1.3 2.6 1.1 .3 .8 .5 3.7
26.......... 3.0 6.7 6.0 3.5 2.2 1.2 2.6 .5 .3 .7 .5 2.8
27.......... 2.5 1 4.7 5.2 3.4 2.1 1.2 3.8 .5 .4 .7 .5 3.0
2 ......... 2.5 1 3.5 4.8 3.4 2.0 1.0 3.0 1 .4 .4 .7 .9 2.8
23.......... 2.5 ...... 4. 3.4 2.0 1.1 2.4 .4 .4 .6 1 1.1 2.3
30.......... 2.3 1.... 4.2 3.2 1.9 2.0 1.4 4 .4 .5 1.1 2.0
3i.......... ,.2 ...... 1 4.0 .. .... 1.9 ... 1.2 5 .5 . ..... 2.0













WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height in feet, of Coosa River, at Rome, Ga., for 1898.


Day Jan. Feb. Mar.|


1.......... 1.8 3.6 1.2
1.8 3.1 I 1 |
3......... 1.7 2.8 I 1
4......... 1.7 2.6 1.2
5.......... 1.6 2.4 ) 1.2
...... ... 1.6 2.21 1.2
S 1.6 2.02 1.2
7.......... 1. 2.0 1.2
8.......... 1.3 1.8 1.2
9.......... 1.3 | 1.8 1.2
10 .......... 1.3 1.7 1.2
11 .........I 1.4 1.5 I 1.2
12.......... 1 0 1.5 1.2
13.......... '1 0 I 1.:: 1.2
14......... 4.0 1.3 1.3
15.......... 3.8 1.3 1.6
16.......... 3.6 1.3 3.7
17.......... 3.6 1.2 7.3
18.......... 3.2 1.2 5.8
19.......... 2.8 1.2 3.7
20.......... 4.4 1.2 3.0
21.......... 6.5 1.2 2.5
22.......... 6.4 1.2 2.5
23 ......... 5.0 1.2 1 2.3
24 ......... 4.5 1.2 1 2.2
25.......... 7.0 1.2 2.1
26.......... 14.0 1.2 2.0
27......... 14.6 1.2 1.9
28 ......... 11.6 1.2 I 1.8
29.......... 8.6 ...... 2.0
so3 ......... 4.6 ..... 8.5
31.......... 3.9 ...... 11.4


S I I


9.0
6.1
4.2
3.6
9.9
17.2 I
14.5
10.9.
7.0
4.1
4.0
3.8
S.6
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.0
3.0
3.0
S3.6 I
3.6 I
3.2 I
3.0 I
7.2 I
S8.2 I
6.0 I
4.6 |
4.0 I
3.7 1
3.2 1


2.8 1.4
2.6 1.4
2.4 1.4
2.3 1.4
2.2 1.3
2.1 1.3
2.0 1.3
2.0 11.3
2.0 1.3
2.0 1.3
2.0 1.3
1.9 I 1.
1.8 1.4
1.8 1.8X
1.7 1 1.8
1.6 1.7
1.5 1.8
1.5 1.8
1.5 1 2.2
1.4 I 3.6
1.4 I 3.2
1.4 3.0
1.4 2.8
1.4 2.6
1.4 2.0
1.4 1.8
1.4 1 1.
1.4 1.8
1.4 1.6
1.4 1.4
1.4 | ...


July Aug. Sept.I Oct. Nov.1 Dec.
I I i I I


1.2
1.0
1.0
1 0
1 I


4.8 2.0 2.0 1 2.2
4.4 7.8 2.0 I 2.2
3.2 21.7 2.0 | 2.2
4.4 24.3 | 4.9 | 2.2
8.0 22.2 | 2.0 1 2.0
5.6 20.0 | 23.8 I 2.2
4.4 17.6 19.0 1 2.6
4.4 16.4 IS.4 2.4 I
3.4 9I .7 16.6 2.3
3.0 5.0 14.0 2.1 I
9.9 5.4 5.6 2.0
7.2 4.6 4.2 2.0
4.2 3.8 3.8 2.0
3.4 3.2 3.7 2.3
3.0 3.0 3.5 2.3
2.5 2.9 3.2 2.9 I
2.0 2.7 3.1 2.9 I
2.2 2.5 6.5 4.0
2.2 2.3 9.0 5.0
3.2 2.2 6.0 4.5
2.8 2.2 4.2 5.0
3.9 2.3 3.9 4.0
2.2 2.6 4.0 5.0 I
2.2 4.1 3.9 7.0
1.9 3.1 3.5 4.7 I
2.7 3.0 3.3 | 3.9 1
4.0 2.7 3.1-1 4.5 1
4.4 2.5 3.0 I 4.3
3.4 2.3 2.8 4.3
2.0 2.1 2.6 3.9 I
2.3 1..... 2.4 1.....


4.2
4.0
3.8
3.8
4.3
5.0











72 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Rating table for Coosa River at Rome, Ga., for 1897 and 1898.









--0.15 990 2.5 3,760 5.1 8,445 7.7 13,515
0.0 1,070 2.6 3,910 5.2 8,640 7.8 13,710
0.1 1,140 2.7 4,060 5.3 8,835 7.9 13,905
0.2 1,210 2.8 4,220 5.4 9,030 8.0 14,100
0.3 1,280 2.9 4,380 5.5 9,225 8.1 14,295
0.4 1,360 3.0 4,540 5.6 9,420 8.2 14,490
0.5 1,440 3.1 4,700 5.7 9,615 8.3 14,685
0.6 1,520 3.2 4,860 5.8 9,810 8.4 14,880
0.7 1,610 3.3 5,020 5.9 10,005 8.5 15,075
0.8 1,700 3.4 5,180 6.0 10,200 8.6 15,270
Feel. Secondf ft. Feet. Second ft. Feett.S Fet. Second ft






0.15 99800 .5 3,760 6.1 8,445 7.7 13,515
0.0 1,070 2.6 3,910 5.2 8,640 7.8 13,710
0.1 1,140 2 .7 4,060 5.3 8,835 7.9 13,905
0.2 1,210 2.8 5,220 5.4 9,030 8.0 14,100
0.3 1,280 2.9 4,380 5.5 9,225 8.10 14,295
1.4 2,330 3.0 4,540 5.6 9,420 8.2 14,490
0.5 2,450 3.1 4,700 5.7 9,615 128.3 1,685
0.6 1,520 3.2 4,860 5.8 11,760 8.4 14,880
0.7 1,610 3.3 5,020 5.9 10,005 8.5 15,075
0.8 1,700 3.4 5,180 6.0 10,100 8.6 1527,750
0.9 2,91.800 3.5 75,340 .1 10,395 8.7 15,465
1.0 1,900 | 3.6 7,520 6.2 1,590 178.8 15,660
1.1 2,00190 .7 5,715 6.3 10,785 8.0 33,600
1.2 2,11320 .8 5,910 6.4 10,980 9.0 16,050
1.3 3,46220 .9 6,105 6.5 11,175 10.0 18,00
1.4 2,330 4.0 6,300 6.6 11,370 11.0 19,950






NOTE.-This tawe applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.

The following discharge measurements were made during
1899 by Max Hall and others:
January 2,45 age0 4.1 6,495 6.7 11,565 12.0 21,900second-feet.
1.6anua 2,57Gage height, 3.60 feet; discharge, 5,932 second-feet.23,
May 19Gage2,690 4.3 6,88 2.75 feet; discharge, 4394 second-feet.25,800
June 16-Gage height, 2.44.4 7,080 feet; discharge, 3352 second-feet.27,750
1.9 2,930 4.5 7,275 7.1 12,345 16.0 29,700
2.0 3,060 4.6 7,470 7.2 12,540 17.0 31,650
2.1 3,190 4.7 7,665 7.3 12,735 18.0 33,600
2.2 3,320 4.8 7,860 7.4 12,930 20.0 37,500
2.3 3,460 | 4.9 8,055 7.5 13,125 22.0 41,400
2.4 | 3,610 H 5.0 8,250 7.6 13,320 j 24.0 45,300

NOTE.-This taoie applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.

The following discharge measurements were made during
i899 by Max Hall and others:

January 25-Gage height, 3.80 feet; discharge, 6,540 second-feet.
January 25-Gage height, 3.60 feet; discharge, 5,932 second-feet.
May 19-Gage height, 2.75 feet; discharge, 4,394 second-feet.
June 16-Gage height, 2.40 feet; discharge, 3.352 second-feet.
August 4-Gage height, 1.45 feet; discharge, 2,835 second-feet.
October 13-Gage height, 0.60 foot; discharge, 1,769 second-feet.












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMiA. 73


Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River, at Rome, Georgia, for
1899.

JI I I
Day Jan. Feb.IMar. AprilMa iy Jun. July Aug.ISept. Oct.|Nov. Dec.
I I I l l i__
.......... 3.0 6.90 19.70 13.201 4.001 3.00 1.70 2.20 3.40| 0.401 0.7 1.1
2.......... 3.40 7.80 15.00 10.601 3.701 2.60 1.50 1.90 2.00 .30 .6 1.1
3.......... 3.00 6.00 8.6 7.901 3.701 2.60 1.00 1.70 1.60 .30 .5 1.5
4.......... 2.70 9.20 6.60 7.20 3.501 2.00 .90 1.50 1.40 .3 .5 1.3
.......... 2.60 15.30 7.80 9.501 3.50 2.00 2.00 1.40 1.30 .30 .4 1.1
6.......... 2.60 18.201 9.00 8.201 3.50I 2.00 1. 1.50 1.301 .50 .4 1.0
7.......... 3.60 27.80 8.00 8.201 3.701 2.00 1.9 1. 1.20 .70 .9
8..........5.90 24.00 6.80 15.00 3.70 1.90 3.00 1.50 1.00 .70 .3 .8
9.......... 5.90 22.40 5.7 13.401 3.601 1.80 2.10 1.80 1.00 .80 .31 .8
10.......... 4.90 21.00 5.40 11.201 3.501 1.80 1.90 1.60 1.Ou .601 .31 .8
11.......... 4.00 19.001 5.20 9.501 3.301 1.80 2.50 1.40 2.90 1.00 .31 .8
12.......... 4.50 16.501 4.90 7.001 3.101 2.2f 2.80 1.40 2.30 .901 .3 2.8
13.......... 4.00 7.00 4.5 6.40| 3.10| 3.80 200 1.20 1.5 .701 .3 6.1
14.......... 3.80 5.00 6.0 5.90 3.001 4.0 1.60 1.10 1.00 .701 .4 5.0
15.......... 3.60 5.00 16.60 5.601 3.001 3.50 1.30 1.30 .9 .60| .4 3.2
16.......... 3.60| 5.50 27.701 5.401 2.901 ?.50 1.80| 1.901 .80 .601 .51 2.0
17.......... 4.001 8.90 29.201 5.201 2.bu, 2.10 5.20 1.60 .60 .601 .91 1.8
18..........I 4.20 9.50 25.80 4.801 2.801 2.00 4.20 1.40 .60 .601 .7 1.7
19.......... 4.00 8.50 24.90 4.70 2.801 2.00 4.80 1.10 .60 60 .5 1.3
20......... 3.70 7.70 26.20 4.601 2.801 2.00 880 90 .70 60 1.6
21.......... 3.30 6.80 24.60 4.301 2.601 1.80 12.8 .30 .70 .70 .5 2.0
22......... 3.20 6.90 23.00 4.101 2.601 2.20 7.901 .80 .60 .70 .4 2.0
23..........3.10 7.30 22.60 4.001 2.401 1.70 4.8 .80 60 60 10 1.8
24.......... 3.50 6.60 21.90 5.401 2.601 1.70 3.90 .70 .5 .50 2.11 7.2
25.......... 3.80 5.80 18.00 7.401 2.501 1.70 2.60 .70 .50 -.40 1. 7.5
26.......... .80 5.50 10.50 9.101 2.401 1.70 2.60 .70 .5 .40 2.5 5.0
27......... 3.30 19.10 7.70 6.70 2.201 2.10 3.8 2.50 .50 .40 3.0 3.5
28..........3.00 23.40 6.80 5.501 2.201 1.90 300 2.501 .60 .40 2.2 3.0
29.......... 3.00 ...... 8.80 4.801 2.00 190 2.40 2.501 .50 .40 1. 3.0
30........ 2.90 ..... 930 4.20 2.00 1.80 1.40 2.00 .40 .50 1.4 8.4
31......... 4.40 ...... 1020 ...... 3.30 .... 1.20 2.50 ...... .80.. 2.0











GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa River at Rome. Georgia, for 1899.


Feet. Second t. Feel. Secondft

1 0 2,030 8.1 14,941
1.1 2,124 8.2 15,142
1.2 2,218 9.0 16,750
1.3 2,312 9.1 16,951
1.4 2,406 9.2 17,152
1.5 2,500 9.3 17,353
1.6 2,620 9.4 17,554
1.7 2,740 9.5 17,755
1.8 2,860 9.6 17,956
1.9 2,980 9.7 18,157
2.0 3,100 9.8 18,358
2.1 3,260 9.9 18,559
2.2 3,420 10.0 18,760
23 3,580 10.1 18,961
'.4 3,740 10.2 19,162
2.5 3,900 10.3 19,363
2.6 4.060 10.4 19,564
2.7 4,2201 10.5 19,765
2., 4,380 | 10.6 19,966
2.9 4,540 I 10.7 20,167
3.0 4,700 10.8 20,368
3.1 4,900 10.9 20,569
3.2 5,100 11.0 20,770
3.3 5,300 I 11.1 20,971
3.4 5,500 11.2 21,172
3.5 5.700 I 11.3 21,373
3.6 5,900 I 11.4 21,574
3.7 6,100 I 11.5 21,775
3.8 6,300 11.6 21,976
3.9 6,500 11.7 22,177
4.0 6,700 1 11.8 22,378
4.1 6,901 i 11.9 22,579
4.2 7,102 I 12.0 22,780
4.3 7,303 I 12.1 22,981
4.4 7,50411 12.2 23,182
4.5 7,705 1 12.3 23.383
4.6 7,906 I 12.4 23,584
4.7 8,107 I| 12.5 23,785
4.8 8,308 || 12.6 23,986
4.9 8,509 ] 12.7 24,187
5.0 8,710 ]1. 12.8 24,388
5.1 8,911 I 12.9 24,589
5.2 9,112 | 13.0 24,790
5.3 9,313 ]| 13.1 24,991
5.4 9,514 | 13.2 25,192


Feet. Second ft. Feret. S.r ndft.

15.9 30,619 23.0 4.14,S90
16.0 30,820 23.1 I 45.091
16.1 31,021 23.2 45,292
16.2 31,222 23.3 45,493
16.3 31,423 23.4 45,694
16.4 31,624 23.5 45,895
16.5 31,825 23.6 46,096
16.6 32,026 23.7 46,297
16.7 32,227 23.8 46.498.
16.8 32,428 23.9 46,699
16.9 32,629 24.0 46,900
17.0 32,830 24.1 47,101
17.1 33,031 24.2 47,302
17.2 33,232 24.3 47,503
17.3 33,433 24.4 47,704
17.4 33,634 24.5 47,905
17.5 33,835 24.6 48,106
17.6 34,036 24.7 48,307
17.7 34,237 24.8 48,508
S17.8 34,438 24.9 48,709
17.9 34,639 25.0 48,910
18.0 34,840 25.1 49,111
S18.1 35,041 25.2 49,312
18.2 35,242 25.3 49,513
S18.3 35,443 25.4 49,714
18.4 35,644 25.5 49,915
18.5 35,845 25.6 50,116
18.6 36,046 | 25.7 50,317
S18.7 36,247 25.8 50,518
| 18.8 36,448 25.9 50,719
18.9 36,649 26.0 50,920
19.0 I 36,850 26.1 51,121
I 19.1 37,051 26.2 51,322
S19.2 37,252 26.3 51,523
| 19.3 37,453 26.4 51,724
S19.4 37,654 26.5 51,925
| 19.5 1 37,855 | 26.6 52,126
II 19.6 38,056 II 26.7 52,327
II 19.7 38,257 II 26.8 52,528
II 19.8 38,458 I| 26.9 52.729
I 19.9 38,659 I1 27.0 52,930
II 20.0 38,860 I 27.1 53,131
1) 20.1 39,061 |1 27.2 53.332
II 20.2 39,262 |[ 27.3 53,533
II 20.3 39,463 || 27.4 53,734











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Coosa River at Rome. Ga., for 1899.


M i, H l, a

<^^ ei ; I -i
tm; j | 61
31
-I
b be bn
F Secn- f, a n.

Feet(. Second ft. Fed~. I Second ]t.


9,715 13.3
9,916 13.4
10,117 13.5
10,318 13.6
10,519 13.7
10,720 13.8
10,921 13.9
11,122 14.0
11,323 14.1
11,524 14.2
11,725 14.3
11,926 14.4
12,127 14.5
12,328 14.6
12,529 14.7
12,730 14.8
12,931 14.9
13,132 15.0
13,333 15.1
13,534 15.2
13,735 15.3
13,936 15.4
14,137 | 15.5
14,338 15.6
14,539 [ 15.7
14,740 | 15.8


25,393
25,594
25,795
25,996
26,197
26,398
26,599
26,800
27,001
27,202
z7,403
27,604
27,805
28,006
28,207
28,408
28,609
28,810
29,011
29,212
29,413
29,614
29,815
30,016
30,217
30,418


Feet.


20.4
20.5
20.6
20.7
20.8
20.9
21.0
21.1
21.2
21.3
21.4
21.5
21.6
21.7
21.8
21.9
22.0
22.1
22.2
22.3
22.4
22.5
22.6
22.7
22.8
22.9


5
; C
e -d
0


Second ft.


39,664
39,865
40,066
40,267
40,468
40,669
40,870
41,071
41,272
41,473
41,674
41,875
42,076
42,277
42,478
42,679
42,880
43,081
43,282
43,483
43,684
43,885
44,086
44,287 II
44,488
44.689 Ii


Orc

SFeet. d ft.
Feel. !,eeond ft.


27.5
27.6
27.7
27.8
27.9
28.0
28.1
28.2
28.3
28.4
28.5
28.6
28.7
28.8
28.9
29.0
29.1
29.2
29.3
29.4
29.5
29.6
29.7
29.8
29.9
30.0


53,935
54,136
54,337
54,538
54,739
54,940
55,141
55,342
55,543
55,744
55,945
56,146
56,347
56,548
56,749
56,950
57,151
57,352
57,553
57,754
57,955
58,156
58,357
58,558
58,759
58,960


The following discharge measurements were
I9oo by Max Hall and others:


made during


Feb. 21-Gage height, 4.80 feet; discharge, 8,115 second-feet.
May 19-Gage height, 2.30 feet; discharge, 4,496 second-feet.
Sept. 13-Gage height, 0.90 foot; discharge, 1,992 second-feet.
Dec. 8-Gage height, 3.73 feet; discharge, 6,066 second-feet.












76 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Coosa River, at Rome, Georgia, for
1900.


Day Jan.

1 .......... 2.0
2.......... 1.6
3.......... 1.5
4.......... 1.5
5.......... 1.5
6.......... 1.5
7.......... 1.5
8.......... 1.5
9.......... 1.5
10......... 1.5
11.......... 2.0
12.......... 7.0
13.......... 9.0
14.......... 7.2
15.......... 5.5
16.......... 3.5
17.......... 3.0
18.......... 2.9
19.......... 5.0
20.......... 11.3
21.......... 10.6
22.......... 8.5
23.......... 5.8
24.......... 4.0
25.......... 3.4
26.......... 3.1
27.......... 2.8
28.......... 2.6
29 ......... 2.4
30 ......... 2.1
31 .......... 2.0


Feb. Mar. April May Jun. July Aug.|Sept. Oct. INov. IDec.

2.0 4.2 4.4 6.2 2.4 10.5 3.4 1.5 1.2 2.1 3.2
1.8 5.8 4.2 I 4.8 2.5 8.0 3.2 1.5 1.2 2.2 2.8
1.6 5.6 4.0 4.0 2.8 8.0 3.0 1.7 1.0 2.0 2.6
2.0 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.2 7.0 2.8 1.7 1.0 2.3 3.5
3.0 4.1 4.0 I 3.8 4.2 5.5 2.6 1.5 .9 2.3 7.4
3.8 3.8 4.0 I 3.7 4.2 4.2 2.5 1.5 .9 2.1 6.8
2.8 5.0 3.8 3.6 4.8 3.8 2.2 2 1.4 .9 2.1 5.2
2.4 8.2 3.8 3.4 13.0 3.8 2.2 1.0 3.8 2.0 3.8
4.0 15.0 3.6 3.0 112.6 4.0 2.0 1.0 5.9 1.9 3.6
6.9 13.4 3.5 3.0 I 8.0 4.9 2.0 .8 2.6 1.8 3.2
7.0 10.3 6.0 3.0 5.F 3.8 1.8 .8 2.0 1.8 2.8
6.4 7.5 11.0 3.0 5.0 3.4 1.8 .8 18 1.6 2.6
22.6 5.5 7.4 2.5 5.2 3.8 1.8 .8 2.5 1.5 2.6
27.2 4.8 5.5 2.4 5.3 3.4 1.7 .8 3.2 1 1.5 2.4
25.3 4.2 4.5 2.4 4.2 3.4 2.0 6.5 3.0 1.5 2.2
21.2 5.3 5.6 2.4 3.8 3.3 1.7 11.1 2.0 1.5 2.2
18.0 5.6 6.2 2.4 4.8 3.1 1.6 7.0 1.6 1.5 2.2
10.7 4.5 11.0 2.4 6.0 3.0 1.8 3.2 1.5 1.4 2.0
5.0 5.2 11.1 2.9 6.5 2.8 2.2 2.3 1.5 1.4 2.0
4.0 15.9 11.4 3.0 7.2 2.6 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.6 2.8
4.1 17.5 13.6 2.6 4.2 2.5 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 6.7
6.8 14.6 12.7 I 2.5 3.6 2.4 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.1 8.0
7.6 10.4 10.5 2.3 5.5 2.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.1 7.0
6.0 7.2 8.6 2.9 14.2 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.0 6.6
5.8 8.8 8.5 3.2 18.2 3.6 2.4 1.5 1.5 5.0 6.6
5.2 13.0 6.5 2.7 17.0 2.8 2.0 1.5 1.5 11.0 5.6
4.6 12.1 5.3 2.6 15.5 6.2 1.8 1.4 1.4 11.5 4.0
4.0 8.9 4.8 2.5 15.6 6.8 1.6 1.4 2.2 8.6 3.8
.... 5.8 4.3 | 2.4 14.2 6.2 1.5 1.3 2.2 7.0 3.6
...... 5.7 6.0 2.9 10.0 4.5 1.5 1.3 2.1 4.0 3.5
. 5.3 ...... 3.0 .... 4.0 1.5 .... 2.1 ...... 5.6


The following discharge me;
1901 by Max Hall and others:

Jan. 23-Gage height, 3.60 feet;
April 5-Gage height, 9.90 feet;
June 22-Gage height, 3.70 feet;
Oct. 15-Gage height, 3.15 feet;


asurements were made during


discharge, 6,454 second-feet.
discharge, 16,692 second-feet.
discharge, 6,030 second-feet.
discharge, 5,388 second-feet.













WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Daily gage height of Coosa River at Rome, Georgia, for 1901.


Day Jan.



3. ........ 5.2
4........... 4.2
S.......... .4.
6........... 3.8
4 .......... 4.2
5 .......... 4.0
7.......... 3.5
8........... 3.2
9. ......... 3.0
10 .......... 2.8
11 .......... 8.8
12..........1 23.5
13 .......... 27.0
14 .......... 23.8
15.......... 21.4
16.......... 19.8
17 ......... 17.4
18 ......... 8.9
19 .......... 5.0
20.......... 4.0
21 ......... 3.8
22.......... 3.8
23.......... 3.8
24.......... 3.8
25 ........ 6.7
28 ......... 6.2

29.......... 5.0
30.......... 4.6
31.......... 6.8


Febh Mari


6.4 3.0
5.8 i 3.0
5.5 3.0
15.8 3.0
18.5 3.0
13.8 3.0
9.5 3.0
6.5 3.0
9.6 2.8
12.5 5.5
10.5 7.8
7.6 8.0
6.5 6.7
5.6 4.8
5.0 4.0
4.8 3.6
4.2 3.2
4.2 | 3.0
4.2 1 3.0
4.0 *3.0
3.8 3.0
3.7 I 3.0
3.6 3.0
3.6 3.6
3.5 3.6
3.2 22.0
3.2 27.0
3.0 24.5
21.3
. 19.2
...... 16.1


April I
April|May |


Jun.


10.6
7.6
5.6
6.4
5.0
4.0
7.0
7.6
5.4
4.3
4.0
3.8
3.8
4.0
4.3
6.9
6.0
5.0
4.8
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.6
3.6
2.7
2.7,
3.2
3.0
3.6
3.6
...


I I I I 1
July Aug. Sept. Oct.l Nov.| Dec


3.6 1.8 6.4 2.6 I 1.2 1.3
3.0 1.8 5.8 2.6 1.2 I 1.3
3.0 1.8 3.7 3.2 1.2 1.3
2.6 1.6 3.4 3.0 1.2 1.5
2.4 1.6 3.0 2.8 1.2 2.0
2.2 2.6 2.9 2.2 1.2 1.8
5.2 5.3 2.6 2.0 1.2 1.8
4.8 5.9 2.2 1.9 1.1 1.8
3.3 3.0 2.0 1.9 1.1 1.8
2.6 2.6 2.0 1.8 1.1 1.8
2.4 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.0 2.6
2.3 3.4 2.0 1.6 1.0 2.6
2.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.0 2.1
2.0 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.0 2.2
2.0 4.5 3.0 3.2 1.0 16.4
1.9 7.2 2.4 2.6 1.0 17.6
1.7 10.5 6.0 2.4 1.0 14.7
5.5 9.8 11.2 2.4 1.0 14.0
3.0 10.8 11.1 2.0 1.0 13.0
3.0 I 12.5 7.0 1.8 1.0 5.6
2.4 10.8 3.9 1.8 I1. 3.0
2. 4 14.5 3.7 1.6 1.2 2.0
2.4 20.8 3.3 1.6 I 1.4 2.0
2.0 23.2 2.8 1.6 1.4 1 .6
2.0 18.3 2.6 1.6 1.3 4.0
1.9 13.1 I 2.5 1.4 | 1.3 .7
1.7 6.6 1 2.3 1.3 1 1.3 5.7
2.8 8.8 2.0 1.3 1 1.3 I 6.0
1.9 7.5 2.0 1.3 1.3 21.5
1.9 6.2 2.5 1.3 1.3 29.8
1.6 5.6 1..... 1.2 1... 1 32.6


Rating table for Coosa River at Rome, Ga., for 1900 and 1901.




.0 d 'ce .I 4 a
Ca.be ) be
Cd c d a are.)o

Feet. Secondft. Feet. Secondft. Feet. Secondft. Feet Fecond ft.


0.8 1,930 1.6 2,850 2.4 4,000 3. 2 5,230
0.9 2,020 | 1.7 2,985 2.5 4,150 3.3 5,405
1.0 2,110 1.8 3,120 2.6 4,300 3.4 5,580
1.1 2,230 1.9 3,260 2.7 4,450 3.5 5,755
1.2 2,350 [ 2.0 3,400 2.8 4,600 *3.6 5,930
1.3 2,475 2.1 3,550 2.9 4,750
1.4 2,600 2.2 3,700 3.0 4,900
1.5 2,725 [I 2.3 3,850 | 3.1 5,065

*Above 3.6 ft. gage height, the rating for 1900-1901 is the same as for
1899.


1












GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Estimated monthly discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga.
[Drainage area, 4,006 square miles.]


Month.





1897.
January .... .....
February ........
M arch ..... ......
A pril ...... ......
M ay ...... .......
June ...... ......
July .. .. .......
August .... .....
September .......
October ..........
November ........
December ........

1898.
January .... .....
February ........
M arch .... .......
April ...... ......
M ay ...... ......
June ...... ......
July ...... ......
August .... ......
September ........
October ..........
November ........
December ........

1899.
January .... .....
February .........
March ...........
A pril .............
M ay ..............
June .............
July ..............
August ..........
September ........
October ...........
November ........
December ........


Discharge in second- f.
feet. Run-off.


Total in
acre-ft. .;


.a E


17,025
20,925
44,910
35,150
8,250'
4,540
23,460
4,860
1,900
2,570
2,000
9,810


26,970
5,520
20,7301
32,0401
4,2201
5,5201
6,690
17,805!
45,885
44,910
12,150!
8,2501


10,5191
54,5381
57,3521
28,8101
6,700|
6,700)
24,388S
3,900!
5,500!
2,030!
4,700!
13,7351


2,220
2,110
2,110
4,540
2,330]
2,1101
1,900!
2,9301
3,0601!
3,060
3,0601
3.060I
3,610!


4,060
8,710!
7,705!
6,7001
3,100!
2,7401
1,9501
1,7901
1,5501
1,470T
1,470|
1,8701


4,820 296,372 1.38 1.20
10,100 560,926 2.62 2.52
22,537 1,385,755 6.49 5.63
12,304 732,137 3.43 3.07
4,421 271,838 1.27 1.10
2,884 171,610 0.80 0.72
5,184 318,754 1.50 1.30
2,256 138,717 0.64 0.56
1,106 65,811 0.31 0.28
1,518 93,339 0.44 0.38
1,6261 96,754 0.46 0.41
4,0861 251,240 1.18 1.02


7,272 447,138 2.10 1.82
2,705 150,228 0.711 0.68
4,384 269,5631 1.27 1.10
9,430 561,123] 2.63 2.36
2,778 170,8141 0.79 0.69
2,8661 170,5381 0.80 0.72
3,6701 225,661 10.59 9.17
6,079| 373,7861 1.75 1.52
12,1141 720,8321 2.261 3.03
11,8301 727,4031 3.411 2.96
5,2131 310,1941 1.451 1.30
4,996| 307,194 1.441 1.25


6,092 374,582 1.751 1.52
22,53611,251,5861 5.851 5.62
26,31411,617,9851 7.57! 6.57
13,3331 793,3691 3.721 3.33
4,7831 294,0951 1.371 1.19
3,4891 207,6101 0.971 0.87
5,4991 338,1201 1.581 1.37
2,5951 159,560 0.751 0.65
2,2191 132,0401 0.611 0.55
1,6841 103,5451 0.48! 0.42
2,0091 119,5441 0.561 0.50
4,3141 265.2581 1.251 1.08











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAiMA.


Estimated monthly discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Georgia.

[Drainage area, 4.006 square miles.]


Discharge





SE g


Month.


1900.
January ......... 21,373
February .... .... 53,332]
March ........... 33,835
April ............. 25,996
M ay .............. 11,122
June ............. 35,242
July ............. 19,765
August ........... 5,580
September ........ 20,971
October ........... 10,519
November ........ 21,775
December ......... 14,740
The year ....... 1 53,3321


in second- Run-off.
feet.


Total in ,
acre- a
feet. g ; E
a-
F C1- C^


2,725] 6,854 421,4361 1.97 1.71
2,8501 14,736 818,396 3.83 3.68
6,3001 14,7141 904,728] 4.33 3.67
5,755 12,0501 717,025 3.36] 3.01
3,8501 5,1291 315,370] 1.481 1.28
4,0001 14,1541 842,222] 3.941 3.53
4.0001 7,5891 466,629! 2.181 1.89
2,7251 3,488] 214,469! 1.001 0.87
1,930| 3,9601 235,636] 1.101 0.99
2,010 3,408 209,5501 0.981 0.85
2,6001 5,438 323,583 1.521 1.36
3,4001 7,0961 436.3161 2.041 1.77
1,9301 8,21815,905,360] 27.73] 2.05


Estimated monthly discharge of Coosa River at Rome. Ga.
[Drainage area, 4,006 square miles.]


Month.



1901.
January ...... ....
February ..... ...
M arch ...... ......
April ....... .....
M ay ...... .........
June ........ .....
July ..............
August ...... ......
September ........
October ...... .....
November .........
December ..... ...
The year .........
*See explanation, pa


Discharge in second-feet. Run-off.

Second-
Maxi- Mini- Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. i in square
inches. mile.


52,930 4,600 15,4501 4.45] 3.86
... 35,845 4,900 12,1861 3.171 3.04
........ 52,930 4,600 13,406] 3.851 3.34
........ 36,046 6,901 15,578] 4.33] 3.88
.. 51,724 4,1501 12,5331 3.601 3.12
........ 19,966J 4,450] 8,316] 2.321 2.08
.9,7151 -2,850 4,441] 1.27] 1.10
.... 45,292] 2,8501 13,7801 3.971 3.44
.. ..... 21,172] 3,120] 6,389] 1.77| 1.59
... 5,230] 2,350 3,4141 .98] .85
. 2,8501 2,110 2,3161 .651 .58
... .. 64,1861 2,475] 13,4281 3.861 '3.35
.......] 64,186] 2,1101 10,1031 34.22] 2.52


ge . .


fl5818,










GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


JAN. FEB. MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC.
1020 1020 1020 10 20 1020 1020 1020 1020 1 020 1020 1020 1020




'9 1


Fig. 12-Discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga., 1897 and 1898.


IL-C











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Fig. 13-Discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga., 1899.

Minimum monthly discharge of Coosa River at Rome, Ga.. with cor-
responding net horse-power per foot of fall on a water unieel
realizing 80 per cent. of the theoretical power.


6,300
6 C







5,755
3,850
4,000
4,0001
2,725
1,930
2,0107
2,600
3,400


E E


248 8i 4,600
259 1 4,900
573 1 4,600
523 11 6,901
350 11 4,150
364 1 4,450
364 31 2,850
2481 31 2,8501
1751 51| 3,120]
1831 31| 2,350
2361 2| 2,110
3091 2| 2,4751


1901





E Ei


4181 1
445 1
418 1
6271 1
3771 2
4051 2
2591 1
2591 2
284 1
2141 1
1921 10
2251 3


NOTE.-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply thb total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.


F"



4,060
8,710
7.705
6,700
3,100
2,740
1,950
1,790
1,550
1,470
1,470
1,870


1J90


19





3691 21
7921 21
700 1
609 11
282 2,
249 41
177 1 1
163 3
141 1
1341 4
1341 7|
1701 41


January ..
February
March ....
April ....
May .......
June ......
July . . ..
August ...
September
October ...
November
December ..











82 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

3. TALLADEGA CREEK AT NOTTINGHAM, ALABAMA.

This station is located on the Southern railroad bridge a
fourth of a mile from the depot at Nottinghom, Ala, and one
mile north of Alpine, Ala. The gage, which is graduated to
feet and tenths and is 20 feet long, is fastened vertically to a
tree on right bank about 50 feet above the bridge. The initial
point of sounding is end of iron bridge right bank up stream.
The bench mark is top rail on the upstream side of the bridge,
and is 24.13 feet above gage datum. The station is a good one
and is free from piers. The observer is R. M. McClatchy,
station agent at Nottingham. During 19oo the following meas-
urements were made by James R. Hall:

August 16-Gage height, 1.10 feet; discharge, 102 second-feet.
November 29-Gage height, 1.70 feet; discharge, 240 second-feet.

Daily gage height in feet of Talladega Creek at Nottingham, Ala.,
for 1900.


Day. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Day. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

S.......... ...... 1.2 1.01 1.3 1 1 6 17 ...... .. 1.2 2.3 1.1 1.2 1.5
2 .......... I ...... 2.0 1.0 1.3 1.4 18 ...... 1.2 1.7 | 1.1 1.2 1.5
3 ................ 1.3 1.0 2.1 3 1.4 19.... . 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.
4.......... ....... 1 1. 1.0 2.1 1.8 20....... 1.1 1.5 1.0 1.5 2.7
5 ......... ..... I 1.0 1 1.2 1.7 1.7 21...... .. 1.1 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.0
6........... ..... 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.6 22 ........ 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.9 2.6
7.......... . 1. 1.0 1.3 1 .4 1.5 '3. ... 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.8 1 4.0
8......... 1..... .9 1.1. 4 .4 1.5 24 .......... 1.0 1.2 2.9 1.6 2.5
9.......... .. 11.0 1.3 1.3 1.4 25.......... .9 1.2 3.5 3.9 2.1
10........... ...... 8.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 2 .......... 1.0 1 1.2 3.0 3.8 1 2.0
11.......... ...... 10.3 1.3 1 .3 1.3 27.......... 1.1 1 1.2 2.6 3.4 I 1.8
12.......... ...... 8.0 1.5 1.3 1 1.3 28.......... 1. 1.2 1.4 2.0 1 .7
13........ .... 8.3 1.4 1.2 1.6 29..........! 1.0 1 1.1 1.3 1.8 1 .6
14.......... ...... 9.3 1 1.3 1I 1.8 0 .......... 1 1.0 I 1.1 | 1.3 1 1.7 I 1.9
15.......... ..... 9.3 1.2 1.' I 1.7 31.......... 1. ...... 1.3 I...... 5.1
16 .......... 1 .1 3.9 1.2 1.2 1.6 I 1 1 I

The following discharge measurements were made durifig
g190 by Max Hall and others:
April 5-Gage height, 3.0 feet; discharge, 526 second-feet.
October 22-Gage height, 1.0 feet; discharge, 90 second-feet.












WATER-POW.'RS OF ALABAMA. 83


Deily gage height in feet of Talladega Creek at Nottingham, Ala.,
for 1901.


I I
Day |Jan. | Feb. Mar.

1..........| 3.2 2.3 2.0
2 ....... 2.8 2.1 2.0
3.......... 3.2 3.8 2.0
4 ......... 2.7 8.0 2.0
5.......... 2.4 3.9 1.8
li.......... 2.2 3.2 1.8S
7. ....... I 2.1 2.8 1.8
8..... .. 2.1 2.8 1.8
....... . 2.0 3.3 1.8
10.. ....... 1 1.9 2.8 2.".
11.......... 5.8 2.6 1.9
12.......... 8 S 2.7 1.8
13 .......... 4.7 2.5 1.8
14......... 3.4 2.3 1.8
15.......... .9 2.2 1.8
16. ..... 2.6 .2 1.7
17...... .. 2.7 i 2.2 1.7
18 ....... '.4 2.1 1.7
19 .... 2.2 2.1 1.7
20. .. ... ... 2 2.0 1.8
21.......... 2.1 2.0 2.1
22 ... .. 2.2 2.0 1 2.0
23. ...... 2.2 2.0 1.8
24 ..... 2.2 2.1 1 2.6
25.......... 2.3 2.1 | 3.8
26.......... 2.3 2.1 8.9
27 ......... .2 1 2.0 4.6
28. ........ 2.2 | .20 3.3
29.......... 2.2 |.. ... 2.8
30.......... 2.6 ...... 2.9
31 .. ......... . .....1 5.5


I I I I I
Apri11 M};>. Jun. JulyyAug.lSept.i Oct.I Nov.I Dec

3.4 2.2 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0
5.9 2.2 .0 1.4 1 1.0 1.2 2.8 1.0 1.4
4.5 2.1 2.0 1.3 1.0 1.2 2.5 1.0 1.3
3.4 2.0 1.8 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.0 1.2
3.0 '2.0 1.7 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2
2.9 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1 1.0 1.3
2.6 1.91 3.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.01 1.1
2.5 1.9 1.9 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.10 I 1.0
2.3 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0
2.2 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 I 1.1
2.1 1.9 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
2.1 1.9 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2.7 2.0 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0
3.7 1.9 1.8 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.4
2.7 1 9 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2:.5
2.5 1.9 1.6 1.2 2.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.7
2.3 1.8 1.5 1.2 2.2 3.4 1.0 1.0 1.5
2.4 1.7 1.4 2.0 1.9 I 2.8 1.0 1.0 1.3
11.2 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.0 | 1.0 1.2
6.3 2.5 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.0 10 1.1
4.1 3.9 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.1
3.4 1 2.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.1
3.1 1 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.0 | 1.2 1.1
2.8 1. 1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.31 1.1
2.7 1.7 I 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3
3.6 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.31 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2
2.5 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1
2.4 I 1. 1 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2
.3 1 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 8.4
2.2 1. 1.4 1.2 1.31 1.1 1.01 1.0 7.5
. 2 2 ... 1.2 1 1.2 1...... 1.0 1..... I 3.5


Rating table for Talladega Creek at Nottingham, Ala., for
1900 and 1901.


4 3 I 3 | L* '
Ub b 4 iL be I be be be




Feet. Second ft. Feet. Secondft. f Feet. Second f. F eet. Second ft.


1.0 90 2.1 328 3.2 570 4.3 812
1.1 109 2.2 350 3.3 592 4.4 834
1.2 130 2.3 372 3.4 614 4.5 856
1.3 152 2.4 394 3.5 636 4.6 878
1.4 174 2.5 I 416 3.6 658 4.7 900
1.5 196 2.6 438 3.7 680 4.8 922
1.6 218 2.7 460 3.8 702 4.9 944
1.7 2401 2.8 482 3.9 724 5.0 966
1.8 262 2.9 504 4.0 746 |
1.9 284 | 3.0 526 I| 4.1 768 |
2.0 306 3.1 548 || 4.2 790 |
NOTE.-This table applied to the foregoing "Daily gage heights"
gives the cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date
for which the gage height is given.












84 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Estimated monthly discharge of Talladega Creek at Nottingham, Ala.


Month.


1900.
August 16-31 ............ ..
September ............... ..
October .................. .
November .........
December ........ ... .. ..

1901.
January ...................
February ...................
M arch .....................
A pril .......................
M ay ........................
June .......................
July .......................
A ugust ....................
September .................
October ...................
November .................
December ..................


The year .................


Discharge in Run-off.
second-feet.

Second-
Jaxi- Mini- feet per Depth
num. mum. Mean. square in
| mile. inches.

.... ...... 113 0.72 0.43
2,286 74 575 3.69] 4.12
636 90 190 1.221 1.41
724 130 249 1.601 1.79
746 152 291 1.871 2.16


1,802 284 485 3.111 3.59
1,626 306 449 2.881 3.00
1,824 240 405 2.601 3.00
2,330 328 591 3.791 4.23
724 240 306] 1.961 2.26
526 152 2181 1.401 1.56
196 130 149 .96 1.11
372 90 148 .95 1.10
614 90] 148 .951 1.06
482 90 123 .79] .91
152 90 97 .62 .69
1,714 90 264 1.69 1.95
2,3301 90] 2821 1.81] 24.46


Minimum monthly discharge of Talladega Creek at Nottingham, Ala.,
with corresponding net horse-power per foot of fall on a water-
wheel realizing 80 per cent. of the theoretical power.
I 1900 l] 1901


Cc mC cc
cUa csC ?.-. yC)
ff a c- c -
30O) 30
"g .'5 -"S
E c Z'cE E2
c e0'^ ae,2 i


January ..................... .. . ...... .. .. 284 26 1
February......... .. . ...... .... 306 28 6
M arch .................. ..... .......... .... 240 22 4
April .......................... .. ...... .... 328 30 2
M ay ................ ....... ...... ...... .... 240 22 7
June ............. ....... ........ ....152 14 8
July .......................... ...... ...... . 130 12 18
August ....................... 66 6 1I | 90 8 13
September ................... 74 6.7 1 90 8 8
October ...................... 901 8 5 1 90 8 21
November ................... 1301 12 7 1 90 8 24
December .................... 152 14 3 | 901 8 5
NOTE.-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.


.=

-aQ
6^$
,












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


4. ALABAMA RIVER AT SELMA, ALABAMA.

This station was originally established by the United States
Engineer Corps; readings are now taken by the United States
Weather Bureau. The gage, which is attached to the iron
highway bridge, the floor of which is about 60 feet above low
water, is in two sections. The lower section, which reads from
-0.3 feet to +2.30 feet, is secured to the pile on the lower
side of the cofferdam on the draw pier; the upper section, which
reads from 2.30 feet to 48 feet, is spiked to the highway bridge.
The bench mark, which is an iron bolt driven into the face of a
rock bluff 182.3 feet from the first-bridge pier, on the road as-
cending to the city, is 26 feet above the zero of the gage and
87.30 feet above mean sea level. The top of the coping stone
of the pivot pier at the highway bridge to which gage is at-
tached is 56 feet above the zero of the gage, and 117.30 feet
above mean sea level. Graduations extend from -3.0 feet to
+48 feet. No measurements of discharge were made here
during 1899.


Daily gage height, in feet, of Alabama River at Selma, Ala., for
1899.


I Feb. Mar. April May Jun.

10.8 35.8 23.8 13.9 4.5
17.0 36.8 24.3 11.5 4.0
20.2 38.8 24.9 9.9 4.0
24.0 37.7 24.1 9.8 4.0
26.8 35.3 22.3 8.5 3.8
27.2 32.6 20.9 8.1 3.9
27.2 30.5 20.0 7.5 3.8
29.8 27.5 19.8 7.4 3.7
32.2 23.4 23.3 7.3 3.3
33.9 19.7 25.6 7.3 3.1
34.4 16.9 26.9 7.5 2.8
33.9 15.0 26.6 7.2 2.3
32.0 13.9 25.1 6.8 2.6
30.0 16.2 22.6 6.5 2.4
28.0 16.8 19.5 6.3 2.4
26.5 19.4 16.3 6.2 2.3
26.8 21.4 14.0 6.1 2.8
24.0 27.7 13.0 5.6 3.4
22.3 31.6 12.0 5.4 3.9
19.9 33.5 11.2 1 5.0 3.9
19.9 34.7 10.5 1 4.8 3.1
19.5 34.8 10.4 4.5 2.8
18.8 34.2 10.2 1 4.4 1.6
17.8 33.4 10.1 I 4.8 1.4
17.3 31.1 12.4 1 5.0 1.4
16.4 32.6 I 13.5 1 6.0 1.6
S20.3 31.8 16.3 1 6.1 1.7
31.2 30.5 17.9 5.2 2.0
. 29.3 17.7 4.5 2.2
...... 27.8 16.1 4.3 2.4
S...... 26.3 ..... 4.2 ...


Julyl

2.5
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.1
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.0
.7
.6
.6
1.0
1.6
5.5
10.7
14.8
17.0
17.0
14.9
13.1
1?.8
11.9 |


Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. e Dec

11.1 3.7 -1.2 -0. 4.8
9.9 4.3 -1.3 .3 3.7
9.0 4.6 -1.3 3.0
6.7 4.8 -1.3 3.0
6.5 4.4 -1.1 2.8
5.8 4.4 -1.0 7 2.8
5.3 4.1 -1.6 1.7
4.7 3.9 .5 1.7
4.5 3.6 .4 1.3
3.7 .6 .4 .9 1.3
3.5 .4 .5 1.4
3.0 .3 .6 -1. 4.0
2.9 .3 .6 -1. 10.4
2.7 .2 .2 1. 16.6
2.6 .2 .2 -1. 17.8
2.6 .1 .2 -1.31 16.3
2.6 .6 .31 -1.3 13.4
3.6 1.3 .51 -1.31 9.9
4.1 1.0 -.7 -1.2 8.4
4.3 .9 -.61 -1.01 3.8
3.6 .6 .71 -1.0 3.8
3.5 .6 - .6 3.4
3.4 .7 .2 .6] 3.4
3.1 .8 .0| .31 3.8
3.6 -1.0 .01 .11 7.6
4.2 -1.0 .51 .21 12.2
3.9 -1.0 -- .51 .91 13.5
3.6 --1.0 .61 3.21 13.7
4.3 --1.1 .61 .6 12.3
4.6 I-1.1 4.8 11.4
3.8 ..... .41......1 8.3


Day Jan.

1.......... 6.2
8.......... 6.2
3.......... 6.5
4. ........ 6.2
5. ........ 6.2
6. ......... 5.8
7. .......... 6.6
8. ......... 8.3
9.......... 9.7
10.......... 11.6
11 .......... 13.9
12.......... 14.8
13........ 21.2
14 .......... 21.9
15.......... 19.8
16.......... 18.0
17.......... 17.5
18.......... 17.2
19.......... 17.0
20 ......... 15.8
21......... 14.2
22.......... 12.6
23.......... 10.2
24.......... 10.3
25 ......... 9.4
26.......... 9.0
27.......... 8.9
28 .......... 8.6
29......... 8.6
so ... ...... 9.0
81 .......... 9.6












86 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


During 1900 the following measurements were made:

April 14-Gage height, 23.60 feet; discharge 66,607 second-feet.
May 26-Gage height, 6.10 feet; discharge, 17,049 second-reet.
August 24-Gage height, 3.10 feet; discharge, 9,879 second-feet.

Daily gage height, in feet, of Alabama River at Selma, Ala., for
1900.


I I I
Day Jan. I Feb.IMar. AprillMay Jun.

1.......... 7.2 4.8 17.2 19.8 15.4 4.8
2.......... 6.6 3.6 19.7 16.8 13.9 4.6
3......... 4.3 3.5 22.2 14.0 13.0 4.4
4.......... 3.3 3.9 22.0 12.0 12.0 4.2
5.......... 3.0 4.7 20.6 10.9 11.8 5.6
6.......... 3.0 6.2 17.8 8.0 10.2 5.1
3.0 8.2 15.0 7.8 9.6 4.6
8......... 3.0 8.4 13.9 8.9 8.8 4.2
9.......... 2.7 8.5 14.9 9.6 8.0 6.8
10.......... 2.7 10.7 18.8 9.5 7.8 11.6
11.......... 3.3 16.0 20.9 9.8 7.5 13.5
12..........1 7.7 22.2 22.2 12.01 7.3i 14.0
13......... 12.4 29.9 22.0 17.7 7.0 13.9
14.......... 13.5 38.6 19.9 23.4 6.6 12.8
15.......... 14.7 44.0 I 19.0 25.5 6.4 11.0
16.......... 14.0 47.0 16.9 25.0 6.0 9.0
17.......... 13.2 48.0 1 15.3 22.51 5.7 8.9
18........... 12.0 47.9 | 13.9 23.5 5.5 8.8
19.......... 11.1 47.0 14.3 29.0 1 5.2 8.6
20.......... 11.1 44.1 14.6 34.8 5.1 | 10.0
21.......... 13.4 41.6 18.8 39.0 I 5.0 I 10.9
22.......... 16.9 36.9 I 23.0 39.8 5.0 1 12.0
23.......... 18.5 1 33.2 1 25.5 I 41.01 4.8 12.9
24.......... 18.3 22.6 I 29.0 40.0 1 5.5 14.0
25.......... 17.0 22.6 | 30.2 38.5 I 6.1 17.6
26.......... 14.7 I 21.1 3?.7 35.8 6.2 I 24.5
27.......... 13.0 19.0 1 33.3 32.7 6.6 I 29.0
28.......... 11.2 1 16.9 | 32.5 28.5 I 6.8 I 32.0
29.......... 8.4 1...... 30.5 23.0 6.0 [ 33.5
30.......... 6.5 I...... 27.7 [ 18.0 I 5.5 I 35.0
31.......... 4.8 1......1 24.4 ...... 5.0 1 ....


JullyAug.lSept.| Oct. Nov.I Dec
I I I

34.8 14.0 1 3.9 0.8 2.0 I 16.0
33.0 13.0 I 3.9 | .7 I 2.0 14.0
22.8 11 0 3.8 .6 4.0 1 11.0
26.5 9.0 4.5 .6 9.0 9.0
23.5 7.0 1 5.4 .5 14.0 8.0
20.2 6.0 5.0 1.0 13.5 7.5
17.0 5.5 4.5 1.8 1 9.4 1 7.0
14.0 5.0 4.1 2.5 6.3 1 7.0
11.5 4.8 3.3 4.0 4.0 1 9.0
10.0 4.5 1.8 I 4.2 I 2.0 I 9.4
9.8 3.2 1.0 1 2.0 2.0 6.0
10.2 3.0 .7 | 2.0 1.9 5.P
10.0 2.8 .6 2.5 1.6 2
9.9 2.5 1.0 4.3 1.6 I 3."
9.9 2.5 1.6 6.7 1.0 9.0
10.0 2.4 I 11.0 I 6.0 1.0 I 11.0
9.9 2.8 | 18.0 1 5.2 I 1.0 11.0
9.0 2.7 I 19.0 I 2.5 1.0 I 10.0
7.0 2.7 19.4 I 1.0 I 1.0 I 6.0
7.0 2.5 16.0 1.0 1 1.3 I 5.1
6.5 2.3 12.5 .9 1 1.0 9.0
6.5 2.6 | 10.0 1.0 I 1.6 i 14.5
6.3 1 3.6 I 6.0 1.5 6.0 I 17.0
6.0 I 3.8 I 3.0 6.0 1 9.0 I 17.2
5.8 4.0 I 1.9 1 11.5 9.8 17.6
5.0 3.5 1.6 12.0 9.9 18.0
4.5 1 3.5 I 1.0 11.5 1 13.0 I 17.0
4.4 | 3.4 [ 1.0 I 12.3 1 16.0 1 14.5
7.5 3.5 I .9 13.0 16.8 12.9
8.0 4.0 i .8 11.0 I 17.0 11.2
11.8 4.2 ...... 5.0 1 ...... 11.0












WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


List of Discharge Measurements made on Alabama River at Selma,
Alabama, in 1901.


Date, 1901. | Hydrographer. Gage Dischg.
| height, ft sec.-ft.


March 14. Max Hall ........................... 14.20 35,518
April 25.. J. R. Hall .......................... 34.00 90,332
August 9.. K. T. Thomas ...................... 4.35 12,519
October 30 Max Hall ........................... 1.10 7,710


Daily gage height, in feet, of Alabama River at Selma. Ala., for
1901.


Day Jan. IFeb. 133r.


1.......... 16.0
2...... . 21.0
3........... 24.0
4.......... 24.6
5........... 24.0
6........... 23.0
7........... 18.0
8 .......... 15.0
9......... 13.3
10.......... 10.0
11.......... 8.1
12.......... 16.5
13.......... 2 28.0
14.......... 34.0
15.......... 38.0
16.......... 39.5
17.......... 40.0
18.......... 39.0
19.......... 37.5
20.......... 35.0
21.......... 32.4
22.......... 29.0
23 .......... 24.0
24..... ..... 22.0
25.......... 14.0
26........... 12.8
27........... 12.8
28.......... 12.7
29.......... 12.7
30.......... I 13.0
1S ..........I 13.0


13.0 11.3
13.0 9.8
13.6 9.5
17.0 9.3
24.9 9.6
30.1 9.6
33.0 9.4
35.1 8.0
35.6 7.7
35.7 7.9
33.0 9.0
31.4 10.2
31.2 12.0
27.0 14.1
26.0 15.4
20.6 15.0
16.9 14.8
14.6 12.0
13.1 11.1
12.6 U 10.5
13.0 11.0
11.8 11.9
11.7 | 12.2
11.6 13.0
11.2 14.7
11.5 17.0
11.4 1 22.5
11.3 1 27.6
......| 31.0
......1 33.0
......1 34.5


IApril May Ju


35.6 12.0 11
36.5 10.4 1
37.4 10.0 1
38.5 9.6 1
38.4 8.2 1
37.2 7.0 1
35.5 7.0 1
33.0 6.8 1
28.0 6i.4 1
22.6 6.0 1
17.4 5.0 1
14.0 5.0 1
12.0 4.8
11.8 4.5
12.0 4.0
15.0 3.8
16.5 3.4
17.3 3.2
22.0 3.0
28.6 I 3.0
S35.0 3.5
S38.0 4.7
39.0 1 9.4
38.0 17.0
35.8 19.0
31.9 1 20.0
28.0 20.9
24.2 22.0
19.5 21.8
115.0 20.7
S...... 19.5 1


n. July


1.0 1.0
7.0 2.0
6.5 2.4
8.5 6.6
9.0 6.0
9.8 5.6
8.5 5.6
7.4 5.5
6.1 5.5
4.8 5.5
2.0 5.2
1.0 5.2
9.5 5.1
8.0 4.4
7.6 3.7
7.0 3.7
6.1 3.5
.0 4.3
5.0 6.3
1.1 7.3
3.4 6.0
3.0 5.5
3.0 5.4
2.6 5.4
2.2 4.4
2.0 4.0
1.5 4.0
1.3 3.6
1.2 2.9
1.2 2.9
... 2.8


2.8 17.0
2.6 | 13.8
2.6 1 10.6 '
2.8 8.8
3.0 8.0
2.8 7.4
6.6 6.0
4.6 5.2
4.2 4.4
3.4 4.4
4.0 3.6
5.3 3.4
6.2 3.2
4.4 3.7
3.8 | 4.3
6.0 4.0
7.4 5.0
11.0 5.0
12.0 I 5.5
16.0 9.5
17.6 11.4
18'.8 11.5 T
20.0 11.2
20.9 10.0
22.8 7.5
24.6 6.0
24.8 | 4.4
22.9 | 4.0
21.0 I 4.0
20.6 4.2
19.5 ....


Oct. Nov. Dec


4.3 1.4 I 1.
4.3 I 1.4 i 1.8
5.0 1.4 1 9
7.4 l.eb 2.2
7'9 1.5 2.3
6.4 1.4 2.3
5.8 1. 1 2.4
5.0 1.6 2.1
4.3 1.5 2.0
3.4 1.5 2.2
2.9 1.5 2.4
2.8 1.5 1 2.4
2.6 1.4 2.4
2.5 1.4 1 2.6
2.2 1.41 5.0
2.5 1.3 10.0
2.5 1.3 1 18.0
2.4 1.3 21.6
2.0 1.4 22.0
2.3 1.6 1 21.5
2.5 1.8 18.7
2.5 1.8 15.0
2.2 | 1.8 14.2
2.0 1.8 12.0
2.0 1.9 11.0
2.0 1.9 7.1
1.8 2.0 i 6.2
1.6 I 2.0 | 6.0
1.5 2.0 11.0
1.3 1.8 23 0
1.3 1......I 35.0


I I


.











88 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Rating table for Alabama River at Selma, Ala., for 1900 and 1901.


Feet. Second ft. Feet.


0.0 6,7001 7.6
0.1 6,7701 7.7
0.2 6,8451 7.8
0.3 6,9251 7.9
0.4 7,010 8.0
0.5 7,100 8.1
0.6 7,184 8.2
0.7 7,282 8.3
0.8 7,384 8.4
0.9 7,488 8.5
1.0 7,596 8.6
1.1 7,706 8.7
1.2 7,818 8.8
1.3 7,931 8.9
1.4 8,045 9.0
1.5 8,160 9.0
1.6 8,270 9.2
1.7 8,393 9.3
1.8 8,511 9.4
1.9 8,630 9.5
2.0 8,750 9.6
2.1 8,872 9.7
2.2 8,996 9.8
2.3 9,124 9.9
2.4 9,256 10.0
2.5 9,392 10.1
2.6 9,532 10.2
2.7 9,676 10.3
2.8 9,822 10.4
2.9 9,970 10.5
3.0 10,120 10.6
3.1 10,2721 10.7
3.2 10,428 10.8
3.3 10,588 10.9
3.4 10,752 11.0
3.5 10,920 11.1
3.6 11,092 11.2
3.7 11,268 11.3
3.8 11,448 11.4
3.9 11,632 11.5
4.0 11,820 11.6
4.1 12,015 11.7
4.2 12,220 11.8
4.3 12,435 11.9
4.4 12,660 12.0
4.5 12,900 12.1


II


S 3ondft. Feet. Secondft.
Q- J- 4





21,648] 15.4 41,864
21,914 15.5 42,130
22,180 15.6 42,396
22,446 15.7 42,6621
22,712 15.8 42,928
22,978 15.9 43,194
23,244 16.0 43,460
23,510 16.1 43,726
23,776 16.2 43,992
24,042 16.3 44,258
24,308 16.4 44,524
24,574 16.5 44,790
24,840 16.6 44,056
25,106 16.7 45,322
25,372 16.8 45,588
25,638 16.9 45,854
25,904 17.0 46,120
26,170 17.1 46,386
26,436 17.2 46,652
26,702 17.3 46,918
26,968 17.4 47,184
27,234 17.5 47,450
27,500 17.6 47,716
27,760 17.7 47,982
28,032 17.8 48,248
28,290 17.9 48,514
28,564 18.0 48,780
28,830 18.1 49,046
29,096 18.2 49,312
29,362 18.3 49,578
29,628 18.4 49,844
29,894 18.5 50,110
30,1601 18.6 50,376
30,426 18.7 50,642
30,692 18.8 50,908
30,958 18.9 51,174
31,224 19.0 51,440
31,490 19.1 51,706
31,75611 19.2 51,972
32,022 19.3 52,238
32,228 19.4 52,504
32,556 19.5 52,770
32,8201 19.6 53,036
33,0861 19.7 53,3021


Feet. Secondft


22.8 61,548
22.9 61,814
23.0 62,080
23.1 62,346
23.2 62,612
23.3 62,878
23.4 63,144
23.5 63,410
23.6 63,676
23.7 63,942
23.8 64,208
23.9 64,474
24.0 64,740
24.1 65,006
24.2 65,272
24.3 65,538
24.4 65,804
24.5 66,070
24.6 66,336
24.7 66,602
24.8 66,868
24.9 67,134
25.0 67,400
15.1 67,666
25.2 67,932
25.3 68,198
25.4 68,464
25.5 68,730
25.6 68,996
25.7 69,262
25.8 69,528
25.9 69,794
26.0 70,060
26.1 70,326
26.2 70,592
26.3 70,858
26.4 71,124
26.5 71,390
26.6 71,656
26.7 71,922
26.8 72,188
26.9 72,454
27.0 72,720
27.1 72,986
27.2 73,252
27.3 73,518


I











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Rating table for Alabama River at Selma, Ala., for 1900 and 19'1.
Continued.


13,150 12.2
13,405 12.3
13,668 12.4
13,934 12.5
14,200 12.6
14,466 127.
14,732 12.8
14,998 12.9
15,264 13.0
15,530 13.1
15,796 13.2
16,062 13.3
16,328 13.4
16,594 13.5
16,860 13.6
17,126 13.7
17,392 13.8
17,658 13.9
17,924 14.0
18,190 14.1
18,456 14.2
18,722 14.3
18,988 14.4
19,254 14.5
19,520 14.6
19,786 14.7
20,052 14.8
20,3181 14.9
20,5841 15.0
20,850j 15.1


a b U


Cd
Iu o
$ I
0 -_C__
Feel. Seeondft.


t 4i


Setwnd ft Feet. Second ft. Feet Secmd fl.


33,352 19.8 53,568 27.4 73,784
33,618 19.9 53,884 27.5 74,050
33,884 20.0 54,100 27.6 74,316
34,150 20.1 54,366 27.7 74,582
34,416 20.2 54,632 27.8 74,848
34,682 20.3 54,898 27.9 75,114
34,948 20.4 55,164 28.0 75,380
35,214 20.5 55,430 28.1 75,646
35,480 20.6 55,696 28.2 75,912
35,746 20.7 55,962 28.3 76,178
36,012 20.8 56,228 28.4 76,444
36,278 20.9 56,494 28.5 76,710
36,544 21.0 56,760 28.6 76,976
36,810 21.1 57,026 28.7 77,242
37,076 21.2 57,2921 28.8 77,508
37,342 21.3 57,558 28.9 77,744
37,608 21.4 57,824 29.0 78,040
37,874 21.5 58,090 29.1 78,306
38,140 21.6 58,356 29.2 78,572
38,406 21.7 58,622 29.3 78,838
38,672 21.8 58,888 29.4 79,104
38,838 21.9 59,154 29.5 79,370
39,104 22.0 59,420 29.6 79,636
39,370 22.1 59,6861 29.7 79,902
39,676 22.2 59,9521 29.8 80,168
40,002 22.3 60,2181 29.9 80,434
40,268] 22.4 60,484 30.0 80,700
40,5341 22.5 60,750I
40,800 22.6 61,016
41,066 22.7 61,28211


4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5


NOTE-This table applied to the foregoing "daily gage heights"
gives cubic feet per second flowing in the river on each date for
which the gage height is given.











90 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Estimated monthly discharge of Alabama River at Selma. Ala.
[Drainage area, 13,500 square miles.]


Discharge in second-feet Run-off.

Second-
Maxi- Mini- Depth feet per
mum. mum. Mean. in square
inches, mile.


1900.
January ...............
February ... ..........
M arch .................
April ..................
M ay ...................
June ...................
July ...................
August .................
September .............
October ...............
November ............
December ..............
The year ............

1901.
January ...............
February .............
M arch .................
A pril ..................
M ay ...................
June ...................
July .................
August .................
September .............
October ...... .........
November .............
December .............


50,110
128,540
89,478
109,960
41,864
94,000
93,468
38,140
52,504
35,480
46,120
48,780
I 128,540


107,300
95,862
92,670
104,640
59,420
53,568
21,318
66,8681
46,1201
21,914
8,7501
94,0001


9,676
10,920
37,874
21,648
13,668
12,220
12,660
9,124
7,189
7,097
7,596
8,750
7,097


22,446
30,692
21,382


32,288!
10,1201
7,818
7,596
9,5321
10,428
7,9311
7,9311
8,5111


26,495
63,763
58,272
60,909
21,090
35,288
33,964
14,156
17,366
14,492
18,506
28,989
33,772


1.96
4.72
4.32
4.51
1.56
2.61
2.52
1.05
1.29
1.07
1.37
2.15
2.34,


2.26
4.91
4.98
5.03
1.80
2.91
2.90
1.21,
1.44
1.23
1.53
2.48
32.68


61,213 4.531 5.22
55,037 4.081 4.25
39,017 2.899 3.33
73,048 5.411 6.04
26,966 2.001 2.31
26,0301 1.9.3 2.15
13,5361 1.001 1.15
30,853 2.29[ 2.64
19,394 1.441 1.61
11,022 .821 .95
8,2661 .611 .68,
26,6381 1.971 2.27


Month.


The year ............. 107,3001 7,596] 32,585[ 2.471 32.60


j


I











WATER-POWERS OF AIABfAMA.


Minimum monthly discharge of the Alabama River at Selma, Ala.,
with corresponding net horsepower per foot of fall on a water
wheel realizing 80 per cent. of the theoretical power.
[Drainage area, 15,400 square miles.]

1889. 1300. 1901

I. . .
0 a0

6 .- 1.

e e a $e& ise s2 E

January .... 16,328 1,484 1 9,676 880 2 22,446 2,041 1
February ... 29,628 2,693 1 10,920 993 1 30,692 2,790 1
March ..... 37,874 3,443 1 37,874 3,443 2 21,382 1,944 1
April ....... 27,760 2,524 1 21,648 1,968 1 32,288 2,935 1
May ....... 12,220 1,111 1 13,668 1,243 1 10,120 920 2
June ....... 8,045 731 2 12,220 1,111 2 7,818 711 2
July ....... 7,184 653 2 12,660 1,151 1 7,596 691 1
August .. 9,532 867 3 9,124 829 1 9,532 867 2
September .. 5,800 527 2 7,189 653 1 10,428 948 1
October .... 5,4uo1 491 1 7,100 645 1 7,931 721 2
November 5,7001 518 3 7,596 691 7 7,931 721 3
December .. 7,9311 721 2 8,750 795 1 8,511 774 2

NOTE.-To find the minimum net horse power available at a shoal
on this stream, near this station, for any month, multiply the total
fall of the shoal by the "Net H. P. per foot of fall" in this table for
that month.

5. MISCELLANEOUS DISCHARGE MEASUREMENTS

Made by B. M. Hall. and Assistants, on Tributaries of Coosa River.

1898.
May 26-Choccolocco Creek, Eureka; discharge, 171 second-feet;
low water.
1900.
March 15-Talladega Creek, Kymulga postoffice; discharge, 107
second-feet; medium.
March 16-Tallassahatchee Creek, in Talladega county, Childers-
burg;, discharge, 102 second-feet.
March 17-Hatchet Creek, Goodwater; discharge, 84 second-feet.
April 5-Choccolocco Creek, L. & N. R. R. bridge, near Jenifer;
discharge, 1,170 second-feet; high water.
Oct. 16-Big Wills Creek, Wesson's Mill, 2 miles north of At-
talla; discharge, 107 second-feet; low water.











92 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

6. TRIBUTARIES OF THE COOSA RIVER FROM WETUMPKA UP.


S Name of Stream. Point on stream.

-.


Left.. Sofkahatchee Creek ...... Mouth of Creek......
Left. Wewoka Creek ......... Mouth of Creek......
RightChestnut Creek .......... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Hatchet Creek ............ Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Hatchet Creek ............. Goodwater, Ala......
Left.. Pinthlocco Creek .......... Mouth of Creek......
Right Weogufka Creek ...... Mouth of Creek......
Right Waxahatchee Creek ...... Mouth of Creek......
Right Yellow Leaf Creek...... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Tallasseehatchee Creek .. Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Talladega Creek ......... Mouth of Creek.....
Left.. Talladega Creek ... .. Nottingham. Ala..... tti am la
Right Kelley's Creek ......... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Choccolocco Creek ....... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Choccolocco Creek ..n... Jenifer, Ala..........
Left.. Blue Eye Creek ........... Mouth of Creek......
Right Broken Arrow Creek...... Mouth of Creek.....
Right Trout Creek .............. Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Cane Creek .............. Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Ohatchee Creek ........... Mouth of Creek.....
Left.. Ohatchee Creek ............ Above Tallasseehat-I
ehee Creek.........
Left.. Tallasseehatchee Creek .. Mouth of Creek......
Right Shoal Creek ............... Mouth of Creek ......
RightlBeaver Creek .............. Mouth of Creek......
RightlBig Canoe Creek.......... Mouth of Creek......
RightlBig Canoe Creek .......... Above Little Canoe
Creek ...............
Right Little Canoe Creek......... Mouth of Creek......
Right Big Wills Creek ........... Mouth of Creek......
RightlBig Wills Creek ........... Above Little Wills
Creek ............
Right Big Wills Creek ...........Above Wesson Mill.
Left.. Black Creek ................ Mouth of Creek......
RightlLittle Wills Creek ......... Mouth of Creek......
Left.. Ball Play Creek .......... Mouth of Creek.....
Left.. Terrapin Creek ........... Mouth of Creek......
RightlChattooga River .......... Above Little River..
RightlChattooga River .......... Ala.-Ga. State Line
RightlLittle River ................ Mouth of River.....
RightlCoosa River ................ Ala.-Ga. State Linel


I d I

40 12 1.1
85 28 2.5
90 30 2.7
500 165 15.0
105 40 3.6
60 24 2.2
120 48 4.3
196 75 6.8
192 75 6.8
172 70 6.3
188 75 6.8
156 66 6.0
218 88 5 8.0
510 153 I 13.9
273 95 8.6
26 7 0.6
49 18 1.6
23 10 0.9
94 35 3.2
217 85 7.7
86 35 3.2
125 50 4.5
31 12 1.1
33 12 1.1
248 90 1 8.2
165 65 5.9
34 14 1.3
354 160 14.4
249 115 10.4
200 107 9.7
59 25 2.3
30 14 1.3
33 15 1.4
282 130 11.8
3V4 170 15.4
246 121 11.0
280 130 11.8
1340 2000 181.8


NOTE-To find the net horsepower available at a shoal on one of
these streams, near a noint given, for low water 1900-1901, multiply
the total fall of the shoal by the "net boysepower per foot fall" in
this table for that point.

7. WATER POWERS ON TRIBUTARIES OF COOSA RIVER IN
ALABAMA.


On the above named tributaries there are many important
water powers, very few of which have been surveyed. The
P.'ove list giving the drainage area, the discharge for low sea-
son, 19oo-Iqor, and the corresponding net horse power per
foot fall for each of the streams will be very useful in estimat-











WATER-POYkERS OF ALABAAMA.


ing the horse power available on any shoal, the fall of which
may hereafter be surveyed, by the owners, or by parties con-
templating development.
Talladega Creek, in the vicinity of Taylor's Mill, has a fall of
73 feet in one mile, where it emerges from the Crystalline rocks.
Taking the flow at Nottingham, we say that during the low
water of 1900 and 1901 this 73 feet of fall would have pro-
duced 438 net horse power without storage. This 73 feet is
probably the most precipitous shoal on the large creek, but
above it for four or five miles the creek has a number of rapids
and shoals that will admit of good development.
The head waters of this stream in 'the neighborhood of the
pyrites mines in Clay county have high falls on them.
Choccolocco Creek is a very large and constant stream, and
has many rapids where good powers could be developed by
dams. During a season such as low water of 19oo or 1901 a
lo-foot dam near Jenifer would develop 86 net H. P. A Io-
foot dam at any point near the mouth of the creek would de-
velop 140 net H. P. during the given season.
Big Wills Creek, at the old Wesson mill, two miles north of
Attalla, has a good site for a 25-foot dam. The flow at this
point on October 16, 1901, was 107 second-feet, which with a
fall of 25 feet, will give 242 net H. P. The fall on other tribu-
taries named has not been ascertained.

S. COOSA RIVER SURVEY.

The Coosa River has its beginning at the junction of the
Etowah and Oastanaula Rivers, at Rome, Ga., a short distance
west of the Alabama line.
From Rome down to Greensport, Ala., a distance of about
180 miles by river, navigation has been carried on for many
years. The total fall in this section is only about 55 feet, and
is so well distributed that it has not been necessary to construct
locks at any point, though improvements have been made by
the U. S. Government in the way of deepening channels, blast-
ing out reefs, and building wing dams, etc.
This part of the river will, therefore, not be considered as
having any water power value.
Below Greensport, Ala., the river has a large amount of fall,
and although it is proposed to make the whole distance navi-
gable by the construction of locks, there are many fine water
power propositions which can be developed in connection with










GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


the river improvements without interfering with navigation.
A complete survey has been made of this portion of the river
by the U. S. engineers, and a system of locks planned.
The profile herein presented is reproduced from that survey,
and shows in addition to the river profile the location of the
proposed locks, and the lift of each.
It will be seen that the total distance between Greensport and
Wetumpka, Ala., is 142 miles, and the number of locks pro-
posed, 31, varying in lift from 5.83 feet to 15.0 feet. Of these
only three have been completed; Nos. I, 2, and 3. No. 4 is in
process of construction.
The following table shows the lift or fall at each lock, the
discharge of river in cubic feet per second, for the minimum
low stage of water in 1897 and in 1900, and the equivalent net
hose power for the fall shown.
The minimum low water is based on the exceptionally low
stages occurring in 1896 and 1897, which represents the low-
est stage of which there is any record; while the minimum for
the year 1900 represents lowest water for average years.
In estimating the amount of horse power that will be avail-
able for use, it will be necessary to deduct the amount of water
which will be necessary for lockage. This will depend upon the
amount of traffic on the river, but will probably in no case
amount to more than ten per cent. of the river discharge.
At most of these locks, and proposed locks, reservations have
been made by the original owners of the river front of the privi-
lege of utilizing for power the water not needed for lockage.
By constructing a plant at the opposite end of the Government
dam from the lock, the surplus water can be used for power
without interfering with navigation. Such powers will be very
valuable for running cotton mills, as the cotton furrows will
run up to the front door of the factory, and water transporta-
tion will take the goods from the back door. Mobile, at the
mouth of the river, is only a short distance from the' proposed
Isthmian canal.











WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


9. TABLE OF DISCHARGE, AND NET H. P. AT THE 31 LOCKS AND
PROPOSED LOCKS ON THE COOSA RIVER AT LOWEST
WATER OF 1897 AND 1900.

[80 % of Theoretical H. P.]


S-




141.5
138.5
137.0
116.2
105.8
92.0
88.3
81.3
56.2
53.5
46.7
44.9
43.0
41.9
40.2
37.5
36.1
34.8
33.8
31.5
25.5
21.4
18.5
16.3
12.9
11.7
8.8
7.4
4.6
2.0
0.0


521.30
515.97
510.40
492.30
482.30
455.32
445.32
435.32
420.00
412.00
399.64
389.64
379.64
367.64
355.64
345.64
331.64
316.64
303.64
291.64
281.33
270.80
258.80
244.80
234.80
224.80
212.80 1
198.80
186.37
178.37
168.37
-SCX


































168.37 |


5.33
5.57
12.00
10.00
12.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
8.00
12.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
12.00
10.00
14.00
15.00
13.00
12.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
12.00
8.00
10.00
14.00


Total net H. P.......


Minimum Low
Water, 1897.

r3




1,320 640
1,320 668
1,320 1,440
1,350 1,227
1,350 1,472
1,440 1,310
1,450 1,317
1,490 1,625
1,580 1,149
1,585 1,728
1,585 1,440
1,600 1,454
1,600 1,745
1,600 1,745
1,605 1,460
1,605 2,044
1.605 2,190
1,610 1,903
1,610 1,757
1,610 1,464
1,700 1,545
1,700 1,854
1,710 2,175
1,710 1,554
1,710 1,554
1,720 1,877
1,720 2,190
17,20 1,877
1,740 1,266
1,740 1.582
1,740 2,215


49,467


SII




II



II
I I
I I
I I

I I


Minimum Low
Water, 1900.

0
.- C



2,700 1,308
2,700 1,367
2,700 2,945
2,760 2,510
2,760 3,012
2,940 2,673
2,960 2,690
3,040 3,317
3,220 2,342
3,230 3,523
3,230 2,936
3,260 2,964
3,260 3,557
3,260 3,557
3,270 2,973
3,270 4,162
3,270 4,460
3,280 3,877
3,280 3,578
3,280 2,982
3,460 3,145
3,460 3,774
3,480 4,430
3,480 3,164
3,480 3,164
3,500 [ 3,818
3,500 4,455
3,500 3,818
3,540 2,574
3,540 3,218
3,540 4,505
100,798


Locks and proposed locks on Coosa River are located as fol-
lows:
Lock No. I is one mile south of Greensport, Ala., and five
miles north of Singleton, which is a station on the East & West
Railroad of Alabama. Lock No. I is three miles above lock
No. 2.


. . . . . . . . .









GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.


Lock No. 2 is one and a half miles above lock No. 3, and is
located at the head of Woods Island,, and two miles northeast of
Singleton, Ala., which is a station on the East & West Rail-
road. This lock is situated at the head of Ten Island Shoal
Canal.
Lock No. 3 is one and a half miles below lock No. 2, near the
foot of Woods Island, and on Ten Island Shoal Canal. It is
one mile east of Singleton, Ala., and 20.8 miles above lock
No. 4.
Lock No. 4 is three and a half miles above the U. S. G. S.
Hydrographic Station, Riverside, Ala., and three miles north-
west of Lincoln, Ala. Lincoln and Riverside are on the Georgia
Pacific division of the Southern Railway. Lock No. 4 has a lift
of 12 feet, and is three-quarters of a mile below Denson's Island,
and ten miles above proposed lock No. 5.
Proposed lock No. 5 is to be at the head of Ogletree Island,
one mile above the mouth of Choccolocco Creek, and five miles
northeast of Hamilton, on the Talladega & Coosa Valley Rail-
road. Has a lift of ten feet.
Proposed lock No. 6 is to be located one-fourth of a mile
above the mouth of Upper Clear Creek, one and a half miles
above Grissom's Ferry, and nine miles north-east of Vincent,
which is a station on the Columbus & Western division of the
Central of Georgia Railroad.
Proposed lock No. 7 is to be located two miles above Kelly
Creek, and five and a half miles north-east of Vincent, Ala.
Proposed lock No. 8 is to be located at Myer's Ferry, at the
mouth of Lower Clear Creek, six miles east of Harpersville,
and three miles north-east of Creswell, which is a station on the
Columbus & Western division of the Central of Georgia Rail-
road.
Proposed lock No. 9 is to, be located at the mouth of Kelly
Branch. at Fort Williams Shoals. It is to be thirteen and a
half miles east of Columbiana, Ala., and eight miles east of
Shelbv. Ala.
Lock No. io is to be located a half mile above Peckerwood
Creek, at the foot of Peckerwood Shoals, and is eight miles east
of Shelby, Ala., and two miles west of Talladega Springs, Ala.
Lock No. ii is to be located at the foot of Weduska Shoals,
immediately above the narrows, two miles above Waxahatchee
Creek, and six miles south-east of Shelby, Ala., which is a sta-
tion on the Shelby Iron Works Railroad, connecting with the
E. T., V. & G. R. R. at Columbiana, Ala.









WATER-POWERS OF ALABAMA.


Lock No. 12 is to be located 1.8 miles below lock No. II, im-
mediately below the mouth of Waxahatchee Creek, and eight
miles south-east of Shelby, Ala.
Lock No. 13 is to be located 1.9 miles below lock No. 12, at a
place known as Devil's Race, three miles above the mouth of
Lower Yellow Leaf Creek, and sixteen miles north-east of Clan-
ton, Ala., on the L. & N. R. R.
Lock No. 14 is to be located one mile below lock No. 13, two
miles above Yellow Leaf Creek, and fourteen miles north-east
of Clanton, Ala.
Lock No. 15 is to be located 1.7 miles below lock No. 14,
three-tenths of a mile above Lower Yellow Leaf Creek, and
twelve miles north-east of Clanton, Ala., on the L. & N. R. R.
Lock No. 16 is to be located 2.7 miles below lock No. 15, at
Butting Ram Shoals, which is eleven miles north-east of Clan-
ton, Ala.
Lock No. 17 is to be located 1.4 miles below lock No. 16. and
is ten and a half miles north-east of Clanton, Ala.
Lock No. 18 is to be located 1.3 miles below lock No. 17, and
eleven miles east of Clanton, Ala.
Lock No. 19 is to be located one mile below' lock No. t8,
about eleven miles east of Clanton, Ala.
Lock No. 20, 31.5 miles above Wetumpka, one-fourth mile
above Zimmerman's Ferry, 1.2 miles above the mouth of
Hatchet Creek.
Lock No. 21, 25.5 miles above Wetumpka, j.6 miles below
mouth of Blue Creek, 7 miles east of Cooper, Ala., on IL. & N.
R. R.
Lock No. 22, 2T.4 miles above Wetumpka, three-fourths of a
mile below the mouth of Proctors Creek, and I.I miles above
the mouth of Pinchoulee Creek, and 7 miles east of Verbena,
Ala., on the L. & N. R. R.
Lock No. 23, 18.5 miles from Wetumpka, 1.5 miles below the
mouth of Pinchoulee Creek.
Lock No. 24, 16. miles above Wetumpka, 0.4 miles below the
mouth of Welcree Creek, and seven and a half miles east of
Mountain Creek Station, on the L. & N. R. R.
Lock No. 25, 12:9 miles above Wetumpka, o.1 miles above
the mouth of Shoal Creek, and about 8 miles east of Wads-
worth, Ala., on the L. & N. R. R.
Lock No. 26, 11.7 miles above Wetumpka, at Staircase Falls,
just above the mouth of Wewoka Creek.










98 GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ALABAMA.

Lock No. 27, 8.8 miles above Wetumpka, 0.6 miles above the
mouth of Sofkahatchee Creek, and about nine miles east of
Deatsville, Ala., on the L. & N..R. R.
Lock No. 28, 7.4 miles above Wetumpka.
Lock No. 29, 4.6 miles above Wetumpka.
Lock No. 30, 2 miles above Wetumpka.
Lock No. 31, at Wetumpka, Ala.












CHAPTER IV.

1. CAHABA RIVER AT CENTERVILLE. ALABAMA.

Centerville Station, on Cahaba River, is at the Bibb county
highway bridge, one-fourth of a mile west of the court house
at Centerville, Ala. The bridge is a single span iron through
bridge. The length of the span is about 175 feet. The floor of
the bridge is 41'/2 feet above low water, and the stream is 130
feet wide at low water.
The initial point ofsounding is at the end of the iron bridge,
left bank, down stream. The gage is a wire gage, with rod
fastened to the outside of down stream guard rail, and graded
to feet and tenths. The gage pulley is at Station ioo. Bench
mark No. I, down stream end of top of iron crossbeam under
the bridge floor at Station Ioo, from initial point is 42.85 above
gage datum.
Bench mark No. 2, top of bottom flange of same crossbeam,
directly under B. M. No. I, is 41.40 above datum of gage.
Banks are high, but overflow at time of high water.
The section is swift, and tolerably uniform, and the bottom
appears to be rock.
The river observer is Mr. S. D. Hall, a merchant, who lives
about a quarter of a mile from the gage.
The following discharge measurements have been made on
Cahaba River at Centerville, Ala.:
1901.
April 25-Hydrographer, J. R. Hall; gage height, 5.50; discharge,
1,925 second-feet.
Aug. 7-Hydrographer, K. T. Thomas; gage height, 1.30; dis-
charge, 399 second feet.
1902.
Jan. 25-Hydrographer, K. T. Thomas; gage height, 5.15; dis-
charge, 1,707 second-feet.
Daily gage height of Cahaba River at Centerville, Ala, for 1901.

Day Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec Day Aug.lSept. Oct. Nov. Dec

............. 2.20 2.10 1.20 1.4 17....... 7.70 2.10 1.30 1.30 13.3
2.......1...... 2.00 2.00 1.20 1., 1 .......I 8.10 2.60 1 1.30 1.30 I 4.4
3.......1......1 1.90 1.80 1.20 1.6 19.......1 9.10 1 3.90 1 1.30 1.70 1 3.6
4....... ......1 1.80 1.40 1.20 1.9 20....... 10.60 4.10 | 1.30 1.60 1 .1
5....... ...... 1.60 2.30 1.20 1.8 21..... . 14.70 2.00 1.30 1.60 2.9
6....... ......I 1.50 4.60 1.10 1. 6 22....... 10.20 1.90 1.30 1.50 1 2.6
7....... 1.30 1 1.40 3.10 1.10 1 1.7 23....... 7.90 I 1.80 | 1.30 1 1.60 I 2.5
8....... 13 1.40 2.60 11.10 1.6 24 ....... 5.60 1.60 1.20 1.60 I *.6
9........| 1.201 1.40 2.301 1.20 1.7 25....... 4.80 1.50 1.20 1.50 2.7
10....... 1.20 1.40 1.90 | 1.20 2.1 20........ 4.10 1.401 1.20 1.50 2.7
11....... 1.20 1.30 1.60 1.20 2.0 27....... 3.90 1.40 I 1.20 1.50 2.7
12.......I 1.20 1.30 I 1.40 | 1.30 1.8 8.......I 3.41 1.40 I 1.20 I 1.40 6.0
13....... 1.30 1 1.30 1 1.40 1 1.40 1 1.9 29....... 3.00 I 2.60 1 1.30 1 1.40 I 24.0
14....... 1.50 I 2.60 I 1.40 1.30 2.9 0....... 2.80 2.20 1.30 1 1.40 24.0
15....... 2.10 1 2.40 1.30 1 1.30 19.0 31....... 2.50 1....... 1.30 1....... 21.0
16....... 7.90 2.00 1.301 1.30115.0 I I I I I




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