• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Map of Florida vegetable producing...
 Foreword and acknowledgments
 Definitions
 Costs and returns data














Group Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons (Economic information report)
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076936/00016
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida. Food and Resource Economics Dept.
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1966-1967
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began: v. 4 (1948/1949).
Numbering Peculiarities: Isues are cummulative from the 1945/1946 season until v.5 (1949/1950); Agricultural Economics series (<1948/1949>-1951/1952, Agricultural Economics mimeo report (1952/1953-1964/1965), Economics mimeo report (1965/1966-<1967/1968>), Ag. econ. report (<1969/1970->, Economics report (-1972/1973), Economic information report (1973/1974-<1975/1976>)
General Note: Description based on first issue; title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1977.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076936
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03425969
lccn - 76368517
issn - 0149-0613
 Related Items
Preceded by: Per acre costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Map of Florida vegetable producing areas
        Page ii
    Foreword and acknowledgments
        Page iii
    Definitions
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Costs and returns data
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
Full Text

february, 1968
'ebruary, 1968


Economics Mimeo Report EC 68-4


COSTS AND RETURNS


from



VEGETABLE CROPS IN FLORIDA



SEASON 1966-1967
With Comparisons




by
Donald L. Brooke


Agricultural Economist










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Gainesville, Florida









TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Map of Florida Vegetable Producing Areas ii
Forward and Acknowledgements iii
Definitions iv
Costs and Returns Data
Beans, Snap .................... ...................... 1- 3
Beans, Pole ........................................... 4
Cabbage ........... .................................. 5- 7
Celery .................... .. ........................ 8-10
Corn, Sweet ........................................... 11-13
Cucumbers .. ........................... ................. 14-17
Eggplant ............ .................... ....... 18:
Leaf Crops ................. ....... ......... 19-20
Peppers, Green ......................................... 21-22
Potatoes, Irish .................................... ... 23-26
Radishes .......... ..................................... 27
Southern Peas .......................................... 28
Squash ........................ .......... ............. 29-31
Tomatoes ............................. .. ............ 32-37
Watermelons ......................................... .. 38
















D S AI \ 6\
\ 1 I I I_.



F I D i
/ .E --| --l- I





VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS .I
With Principal Vegetables Produced 13

1. Dade tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish 12 ,-
potatoes, squash, cucumbers, strawberries
2 Palm Beach-Broward snap beans, peppers, 10
eggplant, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
3 Immokalee-Lee tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers,
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons
4 Everglades snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage, 9
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
5 Fort Pierce tomatoes, watermelons
6 Wauchula cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons '5
7 Sarasota- celery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage 6
8 Manatee-Ruskin tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower,
watermelons 4
9 Plant City strawberries, peppers, squash,--I--
pole beans, southern peas, okra
10 Sumter cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons- -
11 Zellwood sweet corn, celery, escarole, 2
lettuce, snap beans, radishes
12 Sanford-Oviedo cabbage, celery, snap beans,
lettuce, escarole, sweet corn, peppers
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowell tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntosh-Island Grove squash, snap beans, celery,
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua snap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
Irish potatoes, watermelons
16 Hastings Irish potatoes, cabbage 0 0o o
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler snap and lima beans, o
cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
18 Quincy-Havana pole beans, cucumbers, squash
19 Escambia Irish potatoes











FORWARD


This is the seventh in a new series of summaries of costs and
returns from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in
Florida. There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit agencies,
research workers and teachers for current factual information of this type.

Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with
growers of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual prod-
uction costs were used when available, and estimates taken when records were
not kept. As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was obtained from
each grower. Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting costs have been
separated and labor items excluded from costs of materials. In a few cases
where crop sales were not available from growers they were computed on the
basis of average prices received for the crop as reported by the Florida
Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A., Orlando, Florida.

























ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation, to the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association and the Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A.,
Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worthwhile assist-
ance.







DEFINITIONS

Total number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates
of crop costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Total number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose
records or estimates were used. When a part of the planted acreage was lost
soon after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage was
used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular
crop divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre
harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged
for all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in
the area. This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a
normal valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of
land values in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real
estate are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants
for planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include costs of
labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless other-
wise noted.

Fertilizer: This represents the actual cost of nutrient materials
applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are not
included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials only,
unless application labor is specified in which case some machine costs may
also be present. If weed control chemicals or soil fumigants were used,
their cost also is included here.

Cultural labor: This item contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready
for harvest. It does not include supervision by the operator, since his
compensation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of
the crop.

Machine hire: The cost of machine work hired, including use of
airplanes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor
charge for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease: The cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop is included in this item.

Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of repairs
to equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools
such as hoes, rakes and shovels purchase d and charged off as a current
expenditure.









Depreciation: This includes the annual charge for depreciation
and obsolescence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation
charges could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The cost of licenses and insurance items
when chargeable to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks and
autos used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance and
fire or windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It does not include
health or accident insurance of the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital
was charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number of
months required to grow and market the crop regardless of whether or not much
production capital was actually borrowed. This percentage was used because
it is believed to be the normal interest rate. It is realized that production
capital may be obtained at times from certain government organizations at
a lower rate, but seldom can growers secure capital at lower rates when
dealing with commercial banks or individuals.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): Interest was
charged at 6 percent of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value
of the capital invested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed thr.
a7.l equipment was presently worth one-half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as wire, stake'-,
tvine, office supplies, administrative expense other than value of operators
management, legal and audit fees, telephone and telegraph and incidental
expenses.

Harvesting and marketing expense:. Where possible, harvesting and
marketing expense has been divided into two itemnl : (1) picking ail. (2} grading
and packing. Picking, cutting or digging expense includes actual cost of
harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to packinghouse or wash
house. Washing or grading and packing expense includes preparation of the
product for shipment either in the field or at an adjacent packinghouse.
It includes machinery and overhead costs in addition to labor. The same
is true for all crops in all areas where grading and packing is done off the
farm in packinghouses.

Containers: Includes the cost for hampers, crates, bags or bask-
ets in which the product is moved to market.

Hauling: Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field
to packinghouse or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis
and includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was performed
by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from production
labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible-,







Other: The cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment
or for watermelons, the cost of government inspection prior to shipment
or sale. Inspection fees on other crops, when incurred, are included in
packinghouse charges and are not reported as a separate item.

Selling: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from
the producer's price. This cost does not include charges for unloading,
grading, packing, etc.

Crop sales: Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before
deduction of growing, harvesting and marketing costs.

Net return: Return to the producer after deduction of all expenses
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop,

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertil-
izer, spray and dust, airplane application, and harvesting and marketi,
costs, growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the
appropriate charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the
different crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from
the grower except in a very few cases when such records had been kept.
The total cultural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in mos::
cases, prorated to the various crops on the basis of available data
developed at the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to
man hours required, in various parts of the state, to produce different
crops from land preparation to harvest. A similar situation also appli-L
to such items as machine hire, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs,
depreciaton and other production costs where, except in very few cases,
records had not been kept as to their respective charges to different crops.
Prorations were also made of these items on the basis of available data,
(D. L. Brooke, Fla. Ag. Exp. Sta,. Bul. 660, June 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item.
This applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading
and packing, containers, hauling and precooling. Thus, these costs are
based only on the over-all average for all growers contracted in each area,
and footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and
average costs for items not incurred by all growers in the area.

Per-Unit data: Per-unit costs and returns were computed by
dividing the average yield per acre in the area into the various items of
cost shown in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the
data recorded and, in some cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing
the service because all growers may not have incurred every item of cost.








Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67 /
: Average :

Total number of growers .................... : 43: 5
total number of acres .........................: 10,558: 1,334
Average acres per grower ..................... : 246: 267
Average yield per acre (bushels)...............: 107:. 138

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent ..................................:$ 22.58 :$ 28.80
Seed ............... .................... ..: 17.71 : 25.07
Fertilizer .................................: 11.79 : 3.17 / :
Spray and dust ............................: 8.36 : 11.31
Cultural labor ............................: 11.87 : 18.89
Machine hire .............................. 1.54 : 1.67 c/
Gas, oil and grease ........................: 6.27 : 4.19
Repair and maintenance......................: 11.36 : 9.28
Depreciation .............................: 5.70 : 4.70
Licenses and insurance ....................: 4.00 : 6.94
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)...: 2.00 : 2.30
Interest on capital invested (other than land) .57 : .47
Miscellaneous expense ......................: 4.77 : 5.45

Total growing cost............................;$108.52 :$122.24 : $0.886

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense ..........................:$ 87.02 :$ 47.49 : $0.344
Grading and packing expense.................: 21.42:
Containers ...............................: 22.54
Hauling .............. ....... .............. .: 10.18 :
Selling ....................................: 11.59 : 19.83 .144

Total harvesting and marketing.................:$152.75 :$ 67.32 :$0.488

Total crop cost ..............................:$261.27 :$189.56 : $1.374
Crop sales ....... ........................... :$263.55 :$236.71 : $1.715
Net return....................................:$ 2.28 :$ 47.15 : $0.341


f/ All sold to processors
b / Reported by 2 growers averaging .$7.92 per acre.
c/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $2.79 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.








Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1561-62 to-1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5Season: 1966-67
:.Average :

Total number of growers.......................: 53: 15
Total number of acres............................: 34,087: 9,330
Average acres per grower.........................: 643: 622
Average yield per acre (bushels)..................: 96: 100

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land Rent ..................................:$ 23.66 :$ 25.24 :
Seed.. ...... ... ................... ..... .... : 18.23 : 19.88 :
Fertilizer....................................: 39.25 : 42.73 :
Spray and dust................................: 11.03 : 12.61 :
Cultural labor .............................: 27.65 : 30.5 :
Machine hire..................................: 5.70 : 6.94 a/
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 10.61 : 9.01:
Repair and maintenance.......................: 13.10 : 13.25:
Depreciation.......................... ...: 8.90 : 10.83
Licenses and insurance.................,......: 5.27 : 6.37:
Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos)... 3.21 : 3.46
Interest on capital invested (other than land): .89 : 1.08 :
Miscellaneous expense........................: 5.96 : 6.19 :

Total growing cost $173.46 :$188.17 : $ 1.882

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense..................:$ 88.71 :$102.03 : $ 1,020
Containers....................................: 36.43 : 41.00 : .410
Hauling............................... .....: 9.37 : 9.72 : .097
Selling.......... ........ ...... ........... ....: 9.76 : 9.72 : .097

Total harvesting and marketing costs:.............:$144.27 :$162.47 : $ 1.624

Total crop cost .................................:$317.73 :$350.64 : $ 3.506
Crop sales........................................:$339.31 :$371.74 : $ 3.717
Net return....................... ............ :$ 21.58 :$ 21.10 : $ 0.211


a/ Reported by 14 growers averaging $7.44 per acre,


Source: Grower records and estimates.








Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


5-Season:
Item Avera1966-67
Average :

Total number of growers ..........................: 28: 3
Total number of acres .................. .........: 1,036: 198
Average acres per grower..........................: 37: 66
Average yield per acre (bushels)...................: 134: 144

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent .................................:$ 24.88 :$ 28.76 :
Seed ................................ ..... : 19.82 : 19.52 :
Fertilizer............. ... .............. ... : 50.72 : 42.91 :
Spray and dust ...........................: 12.46 : 16.72 :
Cultural labor...............................: 21.47 : 22.86 :
Machine hire........ ........................:
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 6.44 : 8.73:
Repair and maintenance.........................: 9.45 : 16.87:
Depreciation................. .......... ..... : 8.09 : 10.16
Licenses and insurance........................: 3.93 : 2.34:
Interest on production capital( 6%-4mos)......: 3.11 : 3.24 :
Interest on capital invested (other than land): .81 : 1.01
Miscellaneous expense.........................: 6.07 : 3.35 :

Total growing cost ...............................:$167.25 :$176.47 : $1.225

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense...................:$137.23 :$184.63 : $1.282
Containers ...................................: 48.22 : 56.14 : .390
Hauling ......................................: 9.12 : 9.00 : .063
Selling .................. ...............: 15.64 : 27.82 : .193

Total harvesting and marketing costs..............:$210.21 :$277.5' : $1.928

Total crop cost ................................:$377.46 :$454.06 : $3.153
Crop Sales ........................ .............:$422.38 :$515.97 : $3.583
Net return ....................................:$ 44.92 :$ 61.91 : $0.430


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Pole Beans
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Are.a
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season : 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers ..........................: 40: 9
Total number of acres ..........................: 14,501: 3,745
Average acres per grower ....................... : 363: 416
Average yield per acre (bushels)................: 234: 267

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

:Land rent ................................:$ 4006 :$ 35.41 :
Seed ........................................: 20.14 : 22.41 :
Fertilizer .................................: 52.19 : 55.13 :
Spray and dust ........................... : 30.33 : 34.52 :
Cultural labor ........... ....: 129.15 : 156.84
Machine hire ...............................: 6.70 : 9.50 a-/
Gas, oil and grease ......................... : 11,21 14.35 :
Repair and maintenance ......................: 16.56 : 1861 :
Depreciation .............,................. : 11.68 : 12.51 :
Licenses and insurance ...,................: 9.09: 10.40 :
Interest on production capital (6% 4-mos).....: 6.82 : 7.9 :
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.17 : 1.25 :
Miscellaneous ...................... ..........: 25.34 : 37.46 :

Total growing cost...................... $360.44 :$416.2C : $1.559

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense...................:$139.27 :$168.90 : $0.632
Containers ..................................: 8618 : 107.93 : .404
Hauling ........................ ............ : 22.32 : 21.28 : .080
Selling............... ......... ................. : 31.91 : 40.48 : .152

Total harvesting and marketing costs:*............:$279.68 :$338.59 : $1268

Total crop coot .......................... ......:$64012 :$754.87 : $2.827
Crop sales................................ ........ :$692.47 :$867.89 : $3.250
Net return ............... .....................:$ 52.35 :$113.02 : $0.423


Source: Grower records and estimates


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $10,69 per .c::e, .








Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :

Total number of growers.......................: 41: 6
Total number of acres.....-................. : 6,640: 518
Average acres per grower.......................: 162: 86
Average yield per acre (50 lb.) ..............: 285: 158

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crote

Land rent .........................,. :$ 24.57 :$ 33.24 :
'eed .....: 10.26 : 14.92 :
Fertilizer.................... ......: 23.82 : 26.76 :
Spray and dust ...............,............: 26,66 : 25.03 :
Cultural labor ..........................: 54.53 : 61.95 :
Machine hire ...........................: 1.50 : 1,02a/
Gas, oil and grease .......................: 10.05 : 9.01 :
Repair and maintenance ..................: 17.49: 18,45
Depreciation ...........................: 9,71 : 7,16 :
Licenses and insurance ..................: 6.31 : 8.10 :
interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)..: 3.63 : 4,12 :
Interest on capital invested(other than land) ,97 : 72 :
Miscellaneous expense .....................: 6.18 : 7.32 :

Total growing cost...........................:$ 19568 :$217.80 : $1.378

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense.,.,....c.,... :$ 67.27 :$ 48.36 z $0.306
Containers ......... .......... ........ : 110.52 : 65.92 : .417
Hauling ...................................: 18.88 : 7.96 : .051
Selling ..................................: 29.22 : 17.26 : .109

Total harvesting and marketing cost...........:$ 225,89 :$139.50 : $0.883

Total crop cost ,..........................:$ 421.57 :$357.30 : $2.261
Crop sales .........................o.....o..:$ 536.39 :$225.05 : $1.424
Net return ...............................:$ 114.82:$-132.25 : $-0,837


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $3.06 per acre,


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Hasting's Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


: 5-Season 1966-67
: Average 1966-67


Total number of growers...........................
Total number of acres......................... .....
Average acres per grower................. ...*...***:
Average yield per acre (50-1b)....................:


79
7,384
93
381


13
1,323
102
454


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre Crate


Land rent.....................................:$
Seed........,,...,..,.....,,.............:
Fertilizer................. .. .................. :
Spray and dust............................:
Cultural labor ............................:
Machine hire................................ :
Gas, oil and grease.,..........................
Repair and maintenance......................:
Depreciation..................................:
Licenses and insurance........................:
Interest an production capital (67% 4-mos).....:
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense.........................:


27.20
24.78
68.63
19.26
61.57
2.47
9.40
16.18
14.00
5.47
4.81
1.40
5.55


28.70
35.16
67.54
17.10
71.19
1.51
9.25
15.72
18.71
7.37
5.18
1.87
5.19


Total growing cost...............................:$260.72 :$284.49 : $0.627

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense............*......:$ 60.87
Containers...... ..................... .......: 124.14
Hauling............................ ....... ...: 7.08
Selling.............................. ........ 51.73


:$ 89.62 :
: 163.50 :
: 1.84b/
: 56.64 :


Total harvesting and marketing costs:.............:$243.82 :$311.60 : $0.686


Total crop cost...................................:$504.54
Crop Sales............ ...... ...... ..... .......:$659.81
Net return........................................:$155.27


a/ Reported by 10 growers averaging $1.96 per acre
b/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $5.97 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates


$0.197
.360
.004
.125


:$596.09 :
:$699.45 :
:$103.36 :


$1.313
$1.541
$0.228








Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
SAverage : 1-

Total number of growers .........................: 63: 9
Total number of acres ............................: 5,287: 1,583
Average acres per grower ........................: 84: 176
Average yield per acre ( 50-1b) .................: 445: 437

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent....................................: $ 33.03 :$ 31.17 :
Seed...................................... : 23.09 : 34.36 :
Fertilizer. .... ............. ......... ... ...:. 84.01 : 67.06 :
Spray and dest..............................: 32.64 : 41.77 :
Cultural labor..............................: 69.12 : 78.30 :
Machine hire .......... .......... ..... .....: : 1.68 a/
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 10.81: 13.50':
Repair and maintenance.......................: 15.55: 25.42 :
Depreciation ...............................: 12.60 : 15.03 :
Licenses and insurance ......................: 5.03 : 5.07 :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)....: 5.61 : 6.08,:
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.26 : 1.50 :
Miscellaneous expense......................: 7.08 : 5.60 :

Total growing costs............................: $299.83 :$326.54 : $0.747

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense..................: $ 84.95 :$133.76 : $0.306
Containers................................... : 161.15 : 176.79 : .404
Hauling......................................: 23.31 : 21.64 : .050
Selling......................................: 54.13 : 64.25 : .147

Total harvesting and marketing costs.............: $323.54 :0396.44 : $0.907

Total crop cost..................................: $623.37 :$722.98 : $1.654
Crop sales.......................................: $722.70 :$736.59 : $1.685
Net return ......................................: $ 99.33 :$ 13.61 : $0.031



a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $3.77 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates








Celery
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season:: 1966-67
: Average :

Total number of growers ......................... 53: 6
Total number of acres ....................... 9,246 : 1,952
Average acres per grower ....................... : 174 : 325
Average yield per acre (crates) ................: 611 : 584

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent........ ......,................:$ 38.06 ;$ 40.95
Seed ................. ............... .... : 48.21 :4 61.98
Fertilizer......... ...... ...................: 131.55 I 132.75
Spray and dust ................ ...........: 62.91 : 71.14
Cultural labor...............................: 171.24 :190.17
Machine hire ........ .....................: 3.76 : 4.00 a/
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 18.34: 14.44:
Repair and maintenance.......................: 27.44: 39.53:
Depreciation ................................: 24.67 : 16.66 :
Licenses and insurance ...................: 18.49 : 10.03
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos)....: 13.58 : 14.66
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 2,47 : 1.66
Miscellaneous expense .,.................. : 23.02 : 21.61:

Total growing cost ..............................:$ 583.74 :$ 619.58 :$1.061

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor....................:$ 326.68 :$ 321.56 :$0.551
Containers ..................................: 262.42 : 268.60 : .460
Hauling ............................. ...: 43.01 : 44.57 : .076
Other ......,.......... ..................: 102.70 : 134.34 : .230
Selling ..................................: 99.36 : 85.97 : .147

Total harvesting and marketing cost.............:$ 834.17 :$ 855.04 :$1.464

Total crop cost .......................... .......:$1417.91 :$1474.62 :$2.525
Crop sales .... .................................:$1705.09 :$1569.45 :$2.687
Net return .....................................:$ 287.18 :$ 94.83 :$0.162


Source: Grower records and estimates.


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $11.99 per acre.







Celery
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season 1966-67
:Average


Total number of growers.......................:
Total number of acres........................:
Average acres per grower.....................
Average yield per acre (crates) ............:

Growing costs:


Land rent ................................:$
Seed ............,.. ................. .....:
Fertilizer......... ..... ..................
Spray and dust .......................... .:
Cultural labor ............................:
Machine hire .........................
Gas, oil and grease.......................:
Repair and maintenance ..................:
Depreciation ............................:
Licenses and insurance ....................
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos)...:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense .......... ....... :


44: 8
37,635: 7,134
855: 892
586: 567

Average per
Acre Acre Crate


26.46
34.79
102.40
92.70
155.11
1.88
24.79
45.79
21.80
16.36
13.16
2.18
25,90


30.69 :
41.72 :
104.39 :
101.60 :
196.28 :
1.62 ./
22.77 :
39.59
16.06
23.28
14.71
1.61
26.40


Total growing cost............................:$ 563.32 :$ 620.72 :

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing expense................:$
Containers ... .. ...................
Hauling ................................:
Other .....................................:
Selling ...................................:


247.74
259.01
40.30
95.90
76.58


325.71
272.43
48.52
128.71
72.41


Total harvesting and marketing costs..........:$ 719.53 :$ 847.78 :


Total crop cost ..............................:$1282.85
Crop sales ................................. :$1632.51
Net return ...................................:$ 349.66


:$1468.50
:$1361.85
:$-106.65


-/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $4.33 per acre,


Source: Grower records and estimates.


$ 1.095


$ 0.574
.480
0086
.227
,128

$ 1,495

$ 2.590
$ 2.402
$-0.188







Celery
Costs and Returns in the West Coast Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :

Total number of growers .....,,.......... ...: 21: 4
Total number of acres .......................... : 2,529: 598=
Average acres per grower ........................: 120: 150
Average yield per acre (crates) ................: 746: 830

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent..................................:$ 47.73 :$ 56.15:
Seed ....................... .......... ..: 54.75 : 39.96:
Fertilizer .......... ......... ... ........: 136.80 : 162.56:
Spray and dust ................. .........: 87.35 : 148.02:
Cultural labor ..............................: 283.36 : 381.61:
Machine hire,...............................:
Gas, oil and grease .......................: 48.51 : 40.61:
Repair and maintenance .....................: 55.61 : 72.19:
Depreciation ........................ ....: 39.71 : 34.63:
Licenses and insurance ....................: 35.43 : 70.41:
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos)....: 20.32 : 26.06:
Interest on capital invested(other than land): 3.97 : 3.46:
Miscellaneous expense ................... : 63.48 : 70.78:

Total growing cost ..........................:$ 877.02 :$1106.44: $1.333

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing expense .....0 ..........:$ 302.04 :$ 442.89: $0.534
Containers ............... ... ......: 316.54 : 350.60: .422
Hauling ................ ...............: 29.58 : 41.50: .050
Other .............. *...................: 119.84 : 172.96: .208
Selling ............... ........ .....: 87.76 : 108.31: .131

Total harvesting and marketing cost..............:$ 855,76 :$1116.26: $1.345

Total crop cost .................... ......:. $1732.78 :$2222.70: $2.678
Crop sales ......................................:$2254.34 :$2019.87: $2.434
Net return .....................,.............:$ 521,56 :$-202.83:$-0.244


Source: Grower records and estimates


--








Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season 1966-67
:Average

Total number of growers ...................: 88 :14
Total number of acres.............. .........: 91,327 :24,541
Average acres per grower ...................: 1,038 :1,753
Average yield per acre (crates).............: 157 172

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent ...............................: $ 22.58 :$ 28.75
Seed........................ ........... : 6.20 : 5.46 ;
Fertilizer ........................... ...: 31.51 : 28.27
Spray and dust .........................: 54.65 : 65.36:
Cultural labor...........................: 26.34 : 32.21:
Machine hire .........................: 2.40 : 2.59 a/
Gas, oil and grease .....................: 8.54 : 7.31 :
Repair and maintenance ..................: 14.56 : 11.90 :
Depreciation ..........,...............:.. 8.09 : 8.87 :
Licenses and insurance ..................: 5.31 : 7.57 :
Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos): 3.58 : 3.92 :
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .81 : .89 :
Miscellaneous expense .................: 7.13 : 6.71 :

Total growing cost ........................: $ 191.70 :$209.81 : $ 1.220

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor...............: $ 48.81 :$ 71.11 : $ 0.413
Containers ...........................: 54.96 : 65.37 : .380
Hauling ................................ : 11.16 : 13.32 : .077
Other ...................................: 25.28 : 36.07 : .210
Selling ..............................: 18.38 : 20.76 : .121

Total harvesting and marketing cost:........: $ 158.59 :$206.63 : $ 1.201

Total crop cost ............................: $ 350.29 :$416.44 : $ 2.421
Crop sales .................................: $ 357.35 :$400.64 : $ 2.329
Net return ..............................: $ 7.06 :$-15.80 : $-0.092


./ Reported by 10 growers averaging $3.63 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.







Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Lower East Coast Area
4-Season Average 1962-63 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :4.-Season: 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers ............ ............: 20: 4
Total number of acres ............... ...........: 14,997: 5,300
Average acres per grower .......................: 750: 1,325
Average yield per acre (crates)..................: 166: 148

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent...................................:$ 40.54 :$ 28.03 :
Seed............... .......................... 7.64 : 6.85 :
Fertilizer ....... .......................... : 60.52 : 52.43 :
Spray and dust ..............................: 46.78 : 51.94 :
Cultural labor ............................: 31.48 : 30.96 :
Machine hire .................... ........... : 3.29 : 4.91 :
Gas, oil and grease .....9..................: 9.65 : 5.93 :
Repair and maintenance ....................: 17.70 : 10.13 :
Depreciation ................................: 11.46 : 15.10 :
Licenses and insurance ......................: 7.13 : 6.99 :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)....: 4.79 : 4.11 :
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.15 : 1.51 :
Miscellaneous expense ..................... : 14.63 : 7.23 :

Total growing cost ...............................:$256.76 :$226.12 : $1527

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense ...............:$ 56,66 :$ 55.50 : $0.375
Containers ...............o.................: 54.11 : 53.70 : .363
Hauling ....................................: 14.74 : 12.77 : .086
Other .....................................: 24.77 : 35.48 : .240
Selling .................., ...............: 18.43 : 15.64 : .106

Total harvesting and marketing cost...............:$168.71 :$173.09 : $1.170

Total crop cost ..................................:$425.47 :$399.21 : $2.697
Crop sales ....,.............O..... .............:$487.65 :$442.93 : $2,993
Net return...................... .................:$ 62,18 :$ 43.72 : $0.296


Source: Grower records and estimates







Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Zellwood Area
5-Seasoi Average 1S61-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers .........................: 30: 5
Total number of acres ...........................: 16,090: 3,711
Average acres per grower .........................: 536: 742
Average yield per acre (crates) ..................: 243: 274

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate

Land rent ...................................:$ 26.92 :$ 22.56
Seed .........................................: 7.19 : 6.63
Fertilizer......... ................ ..... ...: 35.51 : 37.00
Spray and dust ..........................: 54.75 : 69.79
Cultural labor ..............................: 30.84 : 33.23
Machine hire ..............................: 6.95 : 4.98 a/
Gas, oil and grease .......................: 5.89 : 4.87
Repair and maintenance ....,.................: 15.27 : 20.31
Depreciation ............................... 7.30 : 6.79
Licenses and insurance ......................: 8.63 : 9.79
Interest on'production capital, (6% 4 mos)....: 3.97 : 4.31
Interest on capital invested (other than land): .73 : .68
Miscellaneous expense ....................: 6.40 : 6.25

Total growing cost ..............................:$210.35 :$227.19 :$0.829

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense...................:$ 80.31 :$100.71 :$0.367
Containers......................... .......... : 83.49 : 103.47 : .378
Hauling ........................... ........ : 13.71 : 17.23 : .063
Other ..................................... .: 40.24 : 58.65 : .214
Selling ....................................: 29.41 : 39.10 :.143

Total harvesting and marketing costs..............:$247.16 :$319.16 :$1.165

Total crop cost .................................$457.51 :$546.35 :$1.994
Crop sales ...................... ..............:$490.18 :$674.48 :$2.462
Net return ........................... ...........:$ 32.67 :$128.13 :$0.468



a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $12.45 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.







Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
Season 1966-67


Item 966-67


Total number of growers ..................*******: 4
Total number of acres ............................: 590
Average acres per grower ........................: 148
Average yield per acre (bushel) ..................: 146

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Bushel

Land rent ................................. :$ 28.92:
Seed.............0.. .O.......o.............. : 4.43:
Fertilizer .,...............................: 85.35:
Spray and dust ..............*.............. 56.81
Cultural labor ........................ ......: 32.41:
Machine hire ......................... .....: 1.76 a/
Gas, Oil and grease ..........................: 13.75:
Repair and maintenance ...,...................: 19.55:
Depreciation .....................*..*. ....: 15.34:
Licenses and insurance ......................: 8.78:
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos).....: 6.42:
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.53:
Miscellaneous expense .....................: 5.02:

Total growing cost.......................... ... :$280.07: $1.918:

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense..............................:$ 94.25: $0.646
Grading and packing expense ..................: 59.43: .407
Containers ...................... ..........: 76.06: .521
Hauling ................................: 19.80: .136
Selling .................................o.: 21.94: .150

Total harvesting ane marketing costs .............:$271.48: $1.860

Total crop cost...................................:$551.55: $3.778
Crop sales ......................................: 543.35:$3.722
Net return ............................ .......:$ -8.20:$-0.056


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $2.34 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates.






Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season : 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers .....................:
Total number of acres ........................:
Average acres per grower ....................:
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..............:

Growing costs:

Land rent ..................,........ :$
Seed ................,..........o..oe....,:
Fertilizer ...... ............... ...:
Spray and dust ...........................:
Cultural labor *.........**.. **,****,:
Machine hire ,,..........................: :
Gas, oil and grease .....................:
Repair and maintenance ................:
Depreciation ...............,.,..........:
Licenses and insurance ..,..............:
Interest on production capital ( 6.-5 mos).:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense ......,,,........:


50
5,184
104
215


cre
13.21
7.1
?9.74
47.5:
?2.7
19.8
16.7-
19.8
16.8
5.1(
8.24
1.6'
9.1


Total growing cost.............. ... ....... :$357.9


13
2,031
156
203


Average per
Acre Bushel
4 :$ 13.98 :
S : 12.41:
S : 96.05 :
3 :48.48 :
1 : 96.90 :
7 : 19.09 -
4 :17.61:
9 : 22.34 :
6 :22.25 :
0 : 7.97 :
8 : 8.62 :
9 : 2.22 :
8 :10.16 :

4 :$378.08 : $1,862


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense ................... ......9:$105.29
Grading and packing expense ....,,.........: 96.70
Containers ...............,...... .........: 109.60
Hauling ...............,9 ....... ........ ...: 33.81
Selling ...................................: 32.29

Total harvesting and marketing costs.....,.....:$377.69

Total crop cost ......................4.........:$735.63
Crop sales ....,...............................:$703.85
Net return ............. .................. :$-31.78


a/ Reported by 12 growers averaging $20.68 per acre


:$122.45
: 104.42
: 113.92
:36.74
: 29.49


$0.603
.515
.561
.181
,145


:$407.02 : $2.005


:$785.10
:$798.11
:$ 13.01


$3.867
$3.931
$0.064


Source: Grower records and estimates.







Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Sea3on: 1966-67
:Average :


Total number of growers .............. .. ...........
Total number of acres ............................
Average acres per grower .........................
Average yield per acre (bushels) ................. i


30:
4,013:
134:
189:


4
440
110
272


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent...... ........................ :$
Seed ....... .......,,.. :
Fertilizer ...................................:
Spray and dust ............................
Cultural labor ..................,..... :
Machine hire ............................. .:
Gas, Oil and grease ..........,.... ........:
Repair and maintenance ...,..............:
Depreciation ................., ... ..........:
Licenses and insurance .,.....................:
Interest on production capital, (67. 5 mos).,.:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense ................ ....:


Average per
Acre Bushel


34.71 :$ 21.84
7.67 : 7.73
81.42 : 131.51
51.16 : 70.01
61.47 : 63.82
10.92 : 26.89
15.82 : 18.90
20.35 : 25.68
11.93 : 19.55
10.44 : 15.44
7.65 : 9.82
1.19 : 1.96
12.03 : 10.90


Total growing cost...............,............:$326.76 :$424.05 : $1.559

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense...........,................:$10776
Grading and packing expense ..................: 81.61
Containers ..... ...........................: 101.96
Hauling ......,......... ......................: 22.13
Selling .............. ........................ : 23.05


:$161.05
: 124.24
: 165.53
: 38.43
: 42.49


$0.592
.457
.609
.141
.156


Total harvesting and marketing cost ..............:$336.51 :$531.74 : $1.955


Total crop cost..................................:$663.27
Crop sales .......................................:$696.04
Net return .....................................:$ 32.77


:$955.79
$1167.79
:$212.00


$3.514
$4.293
$0.779


Source: Grower records and estimates






17
Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
Season 1966-67


Item : ,1966-67


Total number of growers 4
Total number of acres 140
Average acres per grower 35
Average yield per acre (Bushels) 263

Growing Costs: Average per
Acre Bushel

Land rent ............,......... ........:$ 26.56
Seed ................ ......................... : 13.50
Fertilizer.... ...................... ...... : 54.68
Spray and dust ..............................: 33.69
Cultural labor ..............................: 47.20
Machine hire ..............9................: .77 a/
Gas, oil and grease ..........................: 6.79 :
Repair and maintenance ~...................: 16.98
Depreciation ................ ............ : 8.94
Licenses and insurance ......................: 2.68
Interest on production capital (67. 5 mos).....: 5.14
Interest on capital invested (other than land): .90
Miscellaneous expense .......................: 2.67

Total growing cost .............................:$220.50 :$0.838

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense ..............................:$134.79 :$0.512
Grading and packing expense .................: 115.28 : .438
Containers .............................. : 144.52 : .550
Hauling ............ ,... ... .............. : 12.24 : ,047
Selling .....................................: 37.00 : .141

Total harvesting and marketing costs..............:$443.83 :$1.688

Total crop cost ............................ .....;$664.33 :$2.526
Crop sales ..................................:$697.69 :$2.653
Net return ................................:$ 33.36 :$0.127



a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $1.03 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates.






18

Eggplant
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers ........................,: 42 : 9
Total number of acres .........................: 1,482 : 464
Average acres per grower .........................: 35 : 52
Average yield per acre (bushels) ................. 550: 733

Growing Costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent ..................................:$ 37.30 :$ 39.72
Seed..........................................: 7.90 : 7.18
Fertilizer ..,.......................... .: 18220: 183.84
Spray and dust ........... ..,............: 70.74 : 73.27
Cultural labor ..........................: 165.97 : 174.85:
Machine hire ........ ......................: 22.08 : 31.48 a/
Gas, oil and grease ........................: 28.41 : 31.60
Repair and maintenance ......................: 38.38 : 60.55
Depreciation ...............................: 26.42 : 33.13
Licenses and insurance ...................,.: 20.76 : 33.96
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos).....: 14.81 : 16.35
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 2.64 : 3.32
Miscellaneous expense.............. ..........: 18.64: 17.36

Total growing cost. .........................:$636.25 :$706.61 : $0.964

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense........,,.........:$205.54 :$296.23 : $0.404
Containers...................*................ 258.19 : 386.10 : .527
Hauling ...................................: 53.21 : 81.68 : .111
Selling ......................................: 55.35 : 104.79 : .143

Total harvesting and marketing costs ............:$572.29 :$868.80 : $1.185

Total crop cost ......o.........o.....o..........:$1208.54:$1575.41 : $2.149
Crop sales .....................................:$1142.04:$1566.15 : $2.137
Net return ...................................:$ -66.50:$ -9.26 :$-0.012



a/ Reported by 8 growers averaging $35.42 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates,







Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
5-Season Average -1961'62 to 1965-66and- 1966-67'


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers ...................... 42: 11
Total number of acres....................... 4,122: 1,301
Average acres per grower ......................: 98: 118
Average yield per acre (crates) .............*..* : 414: 494

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crat_

Land rent ..................................**:$ 25.41 :$ 21.48
Seed.......................................... : 11.58 : 13.40
Fertilizer .... ...........................: 56.15 : 41.22
Spray and dust .............................: 14.78 : 19.09
Cultural labor .............. ..............: 87.80: 100.90
Machine hire ...........o..g.........*.......*:
Gas, oil and grease........................ 8.91 : 9.13
Repair and maintenance ............o.........: 17.57 : 26.88:
Depreciation o...............................: 11.97 : 13.68
Licenses and insurance .....................: 6.65 : 13.19:
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos).....: 4.72 : 5.06
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.20 : 1.37
Miscellaneous expense ......o................: 6.89 : 7.98:

Total growing cost ......................0... .....:$253.63 :$273.38 : $0.553

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense...................:$ 86.06 :$109.09 : $0.221
Containers ................................: 160.55 : 205.32 : .416
Hauling ......................................: 20.39 : 18.22 : .037
Other ......................................: 63.17 : 90.76 : .184
Selling .......................... .........: 38.34 : 45.66 : .092

Total harvesting and marketing costs .............:$368.51 :$469.05 : $0..950

Total crop cost .................................:$622.14 :$742.43 : $1.503
Crop sales ....................... 0.............:$781.94 :$818.90 : $1.658
Net return ........ ........................:$159.80 :$ 76.47 : $0.155


Source: Grower records and estimates.






Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item 5-Season : 1966-67
Average :

Total number of growers ................... 38 : 7
Total number of acres ..................... : 14,737 : 2,475
Average acres per grower................... : 388 :354
Average yield per acre (crates).............: 373 :443

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Crate
Land rent ..............................: $ 25.02 :$ 31.24
Seed ......... .... ................ ..... 5.54 4.65
Fertilizer**... *.. ..................... : 28.71 21.22
Spray and dust ........................ : 15.22 : 12.82
Cultural labor .... ...................... 56.36 : 72.46
Machine hire..................... ............: 1.90 .99 a/
Gas, oil and grease....................: 9.08 7.31
Repair and maintenance...................: 15.66 12.98
Depreciation ........................... : 7.70 7.33
Licenses and insurance ................. : 6.58 : 5.51
Interest on production capital (67 4 mos): 3.40 3.50 :
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .77 : .73
Miscellaneous expense .................. : 6.09 : 5.73

Total growing cost ..........................: $182.03 : $186.47 : $0.421

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense ............: $ 78.54 : $118.28 : $0.267
Containers................................: 142.48 :191.17 : .432
Hauling .....................,......... : 22.05 : 32.40 : .073
Otr .............. ......... ............: 59.26 : 89.50 : .202
Selling ................... .............: 39.21 : 51.15 : ,115

Total h ,vesting and marketing cost.........: $341.54 : $482.50 : $1.089

T tal r.op cost ............................: $523.57 : $668.97 : $1.510
i~C;p sales .............................. $602.21 : $779.60 : $1.760
Net return.................................: $ 78.64 : $110.63 : $0.250


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $1.72 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.








Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67

Item 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers.......................
Total number of acres.........................:
Average acres per grower .....................:
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..............

Growing costs:

Land rent ................................:$
Seed ....................................:
Fertilizer ............................:
Spray and dust ..........................:
Cultural labor ...........................:
Machine hire ...........................:
Gas, oil and grease ......................:
Repair and maintenance ..................
Depreciation ................... .........:
Licenses and insurance ....................:
Interest on production capital (67o-5 mos)..:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense .....................:


51
6,955
136
353


Acre
14.20
19.85
141.66
61.46
146.31
31.52
33.56
38.01
37.20
12.18
12.90
3.72
17.19


Total growing cost ............ ...........:$ 569.76


10
1,711
171
320


Average per
Acre Bushels
:$ 16.99 :
21.79
134.22
: 71.54 :
S180.29a
S 26.64!
29.60 :
:: 49.55
: 42.18
: 17.26
14.23
4.22
21.26

:$ 629.77 :$ 1.968


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense .........................:$
Grading and packing expense .,............:
Containers .............................
Hauling ,................................:
Selling ....... ..... ..................... :


123.70
151.45
164.33
51.35
49.36


138.75
149.62
160.50
55.05
43.24


0.434
.468
.501
.172
.135


Total harvesting and marketing cost............:$ 540.19

Total crop cost ...............................:$1109.95
Crop sales .................. .............. :$1141.95
Net return ................. .................:$ 32.00


:$ 547.16 :$ 1.710

: $1176.93 :$ 3.678
::$1102.24 :$ 3.445
:.,$ -74.69 :$-0.233


a/ Reported by 8 growers averaging $33.30 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.







Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :


Total number of growers ..........................:
Total number of acres .............................:
Average acres per grower .......... ...............:
Average yield per acre (bushels) .................:


80:
6,516:
81:
426:


11
1,418'
129
349


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent...................................:$


Seed .................................. ..:
Fertilizer .............................:
Spray and dust..............o..............
Cultural labor ..............................:
Machine hire ........................................:
Gas, oil and grease ........................:
Repair and maintenance .....................:
Depreciation..................................:
Licenses and insurance .....................:
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos).....:
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense .......................


1

2


Average per
Acre


40.40 :$ 37.67
22.81 : 26.02
.57.98 : 186.31
76.73 : 102.48
*43.77 : 222.10
30.55 : 27.40
32.46 : 29.88
44.13 : 42.54
31.45 : 36.72
20.51 : 20.13
17.39 : 17.98
3.15 3.67
26.07 : 24.49


Total growing cost................................:$747.40 :$777.39 : $2.227

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Pi:'-ng and packing expense ....... ..... .. :$200.86
CGntaincrs ..................... ............. .: 190.50
HauLing .................. ............... .: 43.32
Selling ................................: 44.20


:$162.06
: 163.04
: 34.04
: 34,03


$0.464
.467
.098
.098


Total barvea.3-ng and mark',ting cost...e............ :478,88 :$393.17 : $1.127


Total crop :.ost ................... ....*.....,.o 1 o226.28:$1170,56
Crop e:: es ........ ........................ 360.98:$1090.15
Net return .....................................$ 134.70:$ -80.41


: $3.354
: $3.124
:$-0.230


Source: Grower records and e: ti.ate3.


Bushel






23
Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :

Total number of growers ........,e........ .....: 50: 10
Total number of acres ..........................: 22,354: 5,797
Average acres per grower.....* ................... : 447: 580
Average yield per acre (cwt) .................... : 166: 200

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Cwt

Land rent .................................:$ 45.12 :$ 41.03
Seed...........,................ .........: 97.29 :119.24
Fertilizer ..................................: 53.73 : 49.98 :
Spray and dust .......................,...: 36.95 : 48.59
Cultural labor ........................... 37.20: 57.70:
Machine hire ................................ 1.40: 3.03 a/
Gas, oil and grease .......................: 9.93: 8,65
Repair and maintenance.......................: 15.53: 16.97
Depreciation ............................. : 13.87 : 15.82
Licenses and insurance ................. .....: 9.92: 12.87
Interest on production capital, (6% 4 mos)....: 6.36 : 7.31.:
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.39 : 1.58
Miscellaneous expense...........o.............: 10.75: 7.49:

Total growing cost .............o...............:$339.44 :$390.26 : $1.951

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense...............................:$ 23.56 :$ 23.19 : $0.116
Grading and packing expense ..................: 82.88 : 104.05 : .520
Containers ...............................,..: 30.10 : 32.14 : .161
Hauling ........................e..........: 17.89 : 20.73 : .104
Selling ....................................: 27.73 : 38.87 : .194

Total harvesting and marketing costs.............:$182.16 :$218.98 : $1.095

Total crop cost...............................:$521.60 :$609.24 : $3.046
Crop sales ...................................:$683.96 :$702.84 : $3.514
Net return ......................................:$162.36 :$ 93.60 : $0.468



a/ Reported by 5 grower averaging $6.05 per acre


Source: Grower reports and estimates.







Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns per Acre in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66


Item : 5-Season
: Average


Total number of growers .........................:
Total number of acres ....................... ..
Average acres per grower .........................:
Average yield per acre (cwt) ...................*:


14
4,235
302
148


Growing costs: Average per
Acre
Land rent ....,,..... .........0... ........: $ 21.68
Seed..........................,,............ : 67.67
Fertilizer .,....... ...................: 42.89
Spray and dust ..................... ...,.: 27.07
Cultural labor .......................... : 41.49
Machine hire ..........................
Gas, Oil and grease.........................: 12.02
Repair and maintenance........................: 1843
Depreciation ....................... ..... ..: 13.33
Licenses and insurance ....... i...........: 10.30
Interest on'production capital (6% 4 mos)...: 5.13
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.33
Miscellaneous expense .......................: 14.80

Total growing cost ........................ .: $276.14

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Digging expense.... ............*...........:
Grading and packing expense.........*.......**
Containers ..,.....................**........:
Hauling.. .. ....6 .... ...................
Selling .....................................:


$ 30.79
77.96
29.15
16.88
21.00


Total harvesting and marketing costs.............: $175.78

Total crop cost.................................: $451.92
Crop dales .................................: $462.26
Net return ......................................: $ 10.34


Source: Grower records and estimates








Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Hasting's Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :

Total number ofgazowers .........................: 120: 26
Total number of acres ............... o .........: 25,476: 5,742
Average acres per grower .......................: 212: 221
Average yield per acre (cwt) ....................: 161: 68

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Cwt

Land rent...................... ....... $'28.59 :$ 29.31 :
Seed .......,......................... 69.57 : 81.36 :
Fertilizer ...........................: 68.63 : 68.04 :
Spray and dust .............................: 14.23 : 10.04 :
Cultural labor .............,...............: 33.27 : 37.27 :
Machine hire .............................: 3.43 : 1.58 a/
Gas, oil and grease ...................O...: 13.10 : 11.86 :
Repair and maintenance ...................: 20.84 : 21.57 :
Depreciation .............................: 19.48 : 24.68 :
Licenses and insurance ......................: 6,99 : 8.65 :
Interest on production capital(6% 4 mos).....: 5.31 : 5.50 :
Interest jpn capital invested (other than land) 1.95 : 2.47 :
Miscellaneous expense .......0.o........ : 6.77 : 5.07 :

Total growing cost ......................,......: $292.16 :$307.40 : $4.520

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense...........................: $ 22.83 :$ 10.39 : $0,153
Guading and packing expense...,............o.: 42.93 : 19,16 : .282
Containers .................................: 28.90 : 11.78 : 0173
Hauling ...... ...............................: 20.12 : 9.99 : .147
Selling ................................... : 30.97 : 12.92 : .190

Total harvesting and marketing costs.............: $145.75 :$ 64.24 : $0.945

Total crop cost..............................: $437.91 :$371.64 : $5.465
Crop sales ..................,............: $557.13 :$228.51 : $3,360
Net return ...................................: $119.22:$.143.13 $-2.105



a/ Reported by 17 growers averaging $2.42 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates







Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers ..... ....... ....:
Total number of acres ..........,............;:
Average acres per grower......................:
Average yield per acre (cwt) ...............:

Growing costs:

Land rent ..............................: $
Seed .............,,,..................:
Fertilizer ................................:
Spray and dust ................. ........:
Cultural labor ..........:
Machine hire ..............................:
Gas, oil and grease .....................:
Repair and maintenance ...................:
Depreciation ...........................:
Licenses and insurance ...................0:
Interest on production capital (6/.-4 mos)..:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense .....................:


25
3,890
156
154


8
1,962
245
149


Average per
Acre Acre
23.20 :$ 20.14 :
94.49 : 104.86 :
90.28 :90.27 :
28.93 : 35.05 :
41.40 : 43.99
4.96 6.71-
13.81 : 10.12
14.99 : 18.52
16.31 : 17.16
7.84 :11.48
6.54 : 7.07
1.63 : 1.71
7.13 :12.27


Total growing cost ...........................: $351.51


Cwt


:$379.35 : $2.546


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Digging expense.....................
Grading and packing expense .............. :
Containers ................................:
Hauling ..............................
Selling ................. ................ :


$ 27.29
65.06
29.85
22.16
27.55


35.19
72.25
28.43
28.00
30.68


$0.236
.485
.191
.188
.206


Total harvesting and marketing cost............: $171.91


Total crop cost ............ ......... ...:
Crop sales............. ......o ............... .:
Net return ............. .....,........:


$523.42
$630.80
$107.38


:$194.55 : $1.306


:$573.90
:$589.14
:$ 15.24


a/ Reported by 5 growers averaging $10.74 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates


$3.852
$3.954
$0.102





27

Radishes
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
Season 1966-67


1966-67
Item .... Average

Total number of growers ........................ 3
Total number of acres ***. .......************:" 3,631
Average acres per grower ..*...* ..........***** :. 1,210
Average yield per acre (30-6 oz. pkgs.).........; 200

Growing costs: Average per
Acre 30- 6 oz. pkgs.

Land rent ...................... .......: $ 8.76
Seed ................. ,.................: 6.84
Fertilizer .................-........ ........: 5.04
Spray and dust ...............................: 5.38
Cultural labor............,...............: 6.36
Machine hire.................... ........: .33 a/
Gas, oil and grease .......................: 3.22
Repair and maintenance ...................: 7.52
Depreciation ...................... ........ 2.52
Licenses and insurance ..................... 3.37
Interest on production capital (637 2 mos)....: .50
Interest on capital invested (other than land) .25
Miscellaneous expense ......................: 3.60

Total growing cost............. .............. : $ 53.69 : $0.268

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Digging expense .............................: $ 8.58 $0.043
Grading and packing expense .................: 48.76 : 244
Containers ...............................,..: 39.32 : .197
Hauling ............ ........... ..... .....: 3.07 : .015
Other .....................................: 20.53 .102
Selling ........................................: 18.35 : .092

Total harvesting and marketing costs;...........: $138.61 : $0.693

Total crop cost ...............................: $192.30 : $0.961
Crop sales........................... ...... $218.80 : $1.094
Net return ...................................: $ 26.50 $0.133


a/ Reported by 2 growers averaging $0.49 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates








Southern Peas
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
Season 1966-67


Item 1966-67
Average

Total number of growers ........................: 8
Total number of acres ...........................: 410
Average acres per grower .......................: 51
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..............:, 128

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Bushel

Land rent ............................... : $ 29.14
Seed .................. ................. : 17.50
Fertilizer................. ......... 29.30 :
Spray and dust ..........,..........o*.... : 14.19
Cultural labor ............................ : 16.11
Machine hire ......4....................... : 4.55 a/
Gas, oil and grease ....................... : 16.66
Repair and maintenance ................... : 20.36
Depreciation ................ ...,,..<... : 15.51
Licenses and insurance ...........,,...... : 11.09
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)... : 3.28
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.55
Miscellaneous expense..................... : 5.06

Total growing cost............................ : $184.30 :$1.440

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing expense ............... : $ 99.87 :$0.780
Co trainers ................................ : 51.58 : .403
H, ling .... ...... ...... ............... 11.75 : .092
Selling ..............,,,................ : 18.48 : .144

Total hirventing and marketing costs............ : $181.68 :$1.419

Total crop coct ............................ :$365.98 :$2.859
Crop as ............. ....* : $409.08 :$3.196
Net return ..................................... $ 43.10 :$0.337



a/ Reported by 6 growers averaging $6.06 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates






Squash
Costs and Returns n the Dade County Area
S-Season Average-1961-62 to 1965-66'and 1966-67:


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers........................
Total number of acres..... ............ ........ .:
Average acres per grower ....................:
Average yield per acre (bushels)..... .......:


36:
4,652:
129:
120:


8
1,388
174
153


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre Bushel


Land Rent.................................:
Seed ....................................:
Fertilizer .... .... .......... ..............:
Spray and dust ......... ..................:
Cultural labor ................ .,.. o......:
Machine hire ............................:
Gas, oil and grease .......................:
Repair and maintenance.......................:
Depreciation ............. ..................
Licenses and insurance....................:
Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos).,,.:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
miscellaneous expense......,............o...:


$ 29.25
10.34
49.80
34.76
32.34
3,01
13,07
16.13
12.94
9.10
4.14
1.30
9.12


29.82:
8.66:
53.43:
39,46:
29.31:
6.39 a/
14,23:
21.18:
13.45:
9.66:
4.37:
1.35:
6.21:


Total growing cost ......,.,........*.......... : $225.30 :$237.52: $1.552

Harvesting and marketing costs:


$ 79.02
55.50
11.95
15.46


:$129.18:
: 71.06:
: 14.18:
: 21.97:


$0.844
.464
.093
.144


Total harvesting and marketing cost..............: $161.93 :$236.39: $1.545


Total crop cost .......................... ..:
Crop sales ................................:
Net return ..................................,,.:


$387,23
$395.08
$ 7.85


:$473.91:
:$563.37:
:$ 89.46:


$3.097
$3.682
$0.585


a/ Reported by 6 growers averaging $8.52 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Picking and packing expense....o.............:
Containers ........................*........:
Hauling ................... .. ......... .:
Selling .................... ................:


---







Squash
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Avenage 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season:* 1966-67
: Average

Total ntimber of growers ........................*: 21: 4
Total number of acres .......................****: 2,370: 800
Aiterage acres per grower *......................* i 113: 200
Average yield per acre (bushels) ..* ........:.. 167: 222

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre. Bushel

Land rent..........................* *...: $ 11.80 :$ 11.12:
Seed................................... ......: 6.57 : 6.23:
Fertilizer .....................*............: 72.53 : 81.13:
spray and dust .............*********.****.: 25,88 : 37.11:
Cultural labor ........... ........: 35.36: 44.77:
Machine hire ..............................: 6.39 8.99:
Gas, oil and grease..........................: 11.27: 13.39:
Repair and maintenance................* .....: 12.18 : 13.05:
Depreciation .........................,.....: 13.27 : 19.64:
Licenses and insurance....................*: 4.30 : 6.38:
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos)....: 3.81 : 4.62:
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 1.33 : 1.96:
Miscellaneous expense........................: 4.30 : 8.82:

Total growing cost................................: $208.99 :$257.21: $1.159

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense.... .....................: $ 48.02 :$ 75.31: $0.339
Grading and packing expense.....d.........:... 74.95 : 94.57: .426
Containers..................................: 80.63 : 93.18: .420
Hauling .....................................: 23.59 : 38.48: .173
Selling .....................,,.............: 23.06 : 28.50: .128

Total harvesting and marketing costs..*..........: $250.25 :$330.04: $1.486

Total crop cost .............: $459.24 :$587.25: $2.645
Crop sales ....................................: $511.54 :$644.38: $2.902
Net return .....................................: $ 52.30 :$ 57.13: $0.257


Source: Grower Records and estimates.


--- ---







Squash
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers ...........................
Total number of acres .............*............
Avdrage acres per grower ........................ :
Average yield per acre (bushels) .................:


Growing costs:


Land rent ....*..*.....o *.... ......o...oA..o:
Seed ......,,o..o...O.o.c.........,.,*.,.:****
Fertilizer ..* .......... ....... o .o......... :
Spray and dust.o... .................. ........ :
Cultural labor.............*....**..........:
Machine hire.................. .. ..........* :
Gas, oil and grease.,........................ o
Repair and maintenance ...................o.:
Depreciation ....... ................o........
Licenses and insurance ......... ....'.......
Interest on production capital (67% 4 mos)....:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense .....,............o..:


30:
1,410:
47:
125:


Average per
Acre Acre

$ 29048::$ 24.95 :


8.25
52.65
33.27
38.87
13.68
15.62
18.97
13.63
9,64
4.57
1.36
7.96


8.54
47,80
34.28
40.15
9.09
13,52
16.33
13.67
7.63
4.18
1.37
6.80


Total growing cost...................... ......: $247.95 :$228.31 : $2.260

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing expense...*....*........ :
Containers ... ... .o....... ... ...*******.**, :
Hauling ........ ...... ..... ..... ..........:
Selling ....................... ...:


$ 82,14
73.55
17.01
18.36


87,96
70.43
11.36
18.41


$0.871
.697
.113
.182


Total harvesting and marketing cost .........: $191.06 :$188.16 : $1.863


Total crop cost ....,o*..o..........o....o.....:
Crop sales ................... o.. oo.. ..S ........:
Net return ...,...~.,.... .........,o...........:


$439.01
$519.88
$ 80.87


:$416.47
:$507.69
:$ 91.22


$4.123
$5.026
$0.903


a/ Reported by 5 growers averaging $10.91 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel


I






Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :

Total number of growers ........... ............. : 65: 7
Total number of acres ...........................: 41,767: 8,218
Average acres per grower ........................: 643: 1,174
Average yield per acre (60 lb.).................: 170: 157

Growing costs: Average per
Acre acre 60 lb.

Land rent............ .....................: $ 40.34 :$ 42.16 :
Seed...... ..... ... .............. .. ........... : 6.98 : 5.78 :
Fertilizer ............................. : 123.36 : 121.83 :
Spray and dust ................*............: 74010 : 78.45 :
Cultural labor ............................: 90.22 : 99.97 :
Machine hire ...........................*...: 8.77 : 21.43 :
Gas, oil and grease .............o..... 19.15 : 21.76 :
Repair and maintenance ....................: 29.97 : 35.88 :
Depreciation ...............o...............: 22.42 : 17.95
Licenses and insurance ..................: 14.39 : 18.95:
Interest on production capital (67 5 mos)....: 10.59 : 11.38
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 2.24 : 1.79
Miscellaneous expense ......................: 16.25 : 8.95:

Total growing cost ................. ..........: $458.78 :$486.28 : $3.097

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense .......... .............: $107.72 :$105.22 : $0.670
Grading and packing expense .................: 101.77 : 141.04 : .899
Containers ...............................: 83.72 : 85.92 : .547
Hauling .....................................: 21.21 : 17.63 : .112
Selling .................................: 29.02 : 29.93 : .191

Total harvesting and marketing cost ..........o,: $343.44 :$379.74 : $2.419

Total crop cost ................ .. .....,.: $802.22 :$866.02 : $5.516
Crop sales ................................ ...: $779.96 :$825.97 : $5,261
Net return .................o...............: $-22.26 :$-40.05 :$-0.255


Source: Grower-records and estimates.







Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Ft. Pierce Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers ........................
Total number of acres ..........................
Average acres per grower ..............***********
Average yield per acre (60 Ib) ..................:


63 :
18,560 :
295 :
202 :


6
2,226
371
222


Growing costs:


Land rent ... ... ....................... ..* ..:
Seed ...........................,..........;
Fertilizer.......... ......................:
Spray and dust..... .......... ...........:
Cultural labor.............................:
Machine hire...........................* ...*..:
Gas, oil and grease .............o..........:
Repair and maintenance ........,.............:
Depreciation ..............o..,........ *....:
Licenses and insurance ....................:
Interest on production capital (67. 5 mos)....:
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense .......................:


Average per
Acre Acre

$ 11.67 :$ 11.13:
6.36 : 6.92:


92.04
65.07
132.39
50.56
23.67
34.91
24.56
9.94
11.06
2.46
15.66


60 lb.


96.81:
78.79:
141.16:
45.22:
22.03:
37.64:
23.72:
13.47:
11.74:
2.37:
16.30:


Total growing cost.............................: $480.35 :$507.30:

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense..............................:
Grading and packing expense .................:
Containers ...............,,.................:
Hauling ................,...............:
Selling ........................ .........:


$138.06
130.28
106.43
45.92
37.69


:$147.67:
: 142.29:
: 93.31:
: 43.86:
: 30.52:


Total harvesting and marketing cost ............: $458.38 :$457.65:

Total crop cost ................ ................: $938.73 :$964.95:
Crop sales .....................................:$1051.14:$1194.50:
Net return ...................................:$ 112.41:$ 229.55:


$2.285


$0.665
.641
.420
.198
.138

$2.062

$4.347
$5.381
$1.034


Source: Grower records and estimates.








Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67

Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average::


Total number of growers........* ...........:
Total number of acres ........................:
Average acres per grower .................:
Average yield per acre ( 60 Ib) .............:

Growing costs:

Land rent ..............................:
Seed ...................................:
Fertilizer .............................:
Spray and dust .........................:
Cultural labor ..........................:
Machine hire ............................:
Gas, oil and grease ......................
Repair and maintenance ..................
Depreciation ............................
Licenses and insurance ..................:
Interest on production capital (67 5 mos)


60
13,060
218
187


Acre
$ 12.64
7.41
96.55
61.82
108.36
46.13
22.43
26.55
26.70
7.86
10.29


Interest on capital invested (other than land) 2.67
Miscellaneous expense ..................: 21.83

Total growing cost...........................: $451.24


19
3,510
185
209


Average per
Acre
:$ 14.06
S 8.69
110.16
86.13
122.13
S 35.102/
S 25.04
S 35.61
30.37
S 10.03
S 11.49
3.04
12.82


: $504.67 : $2.415


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense..........................:
Grading and packing expense ..............:
Containers ..............................:
Hauling ................. .............. :
Selling .............. ..... ... ........ :


$136.53
126.62
100.89
41.32
36.51


Total harvesting and marketing cost...........: $441.87


Total crop cost .......................* :
Crop sr-'es ........... ............ ... .:
Net return ................................


$893.11
$ ::3.38
$ 90.27


:$147.41
191.90
102.64
S 39.12
S 29.80

:$510.87

:$1015.54
:$1147.37
:$ 131.83


a/ Reported by 18. growers averaging $37.05 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


60 lb.


: $0.705
S .918
S .491
S .187
S .143

: $2.444

:$4.859
:$5.490
: $0.631


---








Staked Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Manatee-Ruskin Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


S5-Season: 1966-67
Iem : Average :

Total number of growers ......... ...........: 51: 13
Total number of acres ................ o ...........: 8,258: 2,092
Average acres per grower *..................... *: 162: 161
Average yield per acre (60 lb.) .................: 3741 391

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre 60 lb.

Land rent ,4.o... .......: $ 42.12 :$ 41.12
Seed............ .................8.73 : 10.91
Fertilizer ........................ 0.... : 129.94 : 158.61:
Spray and dust ................... *........: 88.42 : 92.31
Cultural labor ..............................: 240.89 : 269.99:
Machine hire .......................*......*: 13.17 :16.82 a/
Gas, oil and grease...........*..............: 32.01 : 35.31
Repair and maintenance .....................: 39.48: 49,39
Depreciation ..............................*: 40.60 49.44
Licenses and insurance ...........o..........: 23.05 : 25.91
Interest on production capital (67. 5 mos)....: 16.45 : 18.63
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 4.06 : 4.94
Miscellaneous expense ............ '4009 : 45,03

Total growing cost .............................: $719001 :$818.41 : $2.093

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense............ooo......... *.....: $209.59 :$219.31 : $0.561
Grading and packing expense .................: 311.32 : 399.46 1.022
Containers ................................: 204.52 : 215.82 : .552
Hauling .................... .............: 47.01 : 47.08 : ,120
Selling .....................................: 69.28 : 58.90 : .151

Total harvesting and marketing cost ..,..........: $841.72 :$940.57 : $2.406

Total crop cost ...................0.00........: $1560.73:$1758.98 : $4.499
Crop sales .....................................: $1903.87:$2010.04 :$5.141
Net return ....................... ,...........: $ 343.14:$ 251.06 :$0.642


Source: Grower records and estimates


a/ Reported ty 10 growers averaging $21.86 per acre










Vine Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
Season 1966-67


..1966-67
Item Average


Total number of growers .,...................... 5
Total number of acres ......,..............: 983
Average acres per grower...........o............: 197
Average yield per acre ( 60 lb.).................: 609

Growing costs: Average per
Acre 60 lb.

Land rent ................................: $ 31,95
Seed........................,.... .......... : 9.03
Fertilizer ............. ................... ..: 218.82
Spray amd dust ...........................: 180.25
Cultural labor ...................... ....: 557.43
Machine hire ............ .......... ..... : 90.35
Gas, oil and grease ........o............: 67.18
Repair and maintenance .....................: 122.21
Depreciation ...............................: 119.66
Licenses and insurance ...,................: 40.62
Interest on production capital(67. 5 mos).....: 37.28
Interest on capital invested (other than land) 11.97
Miscellaneous expense ......................: 173.60

Total growing cost ...... ..................... :$1660.35 :$2.726

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking expense......... ............ ....:$ 632.94 :$1.039
Grading and packing expense ,. .............: 765.88 : 1.258
Containers ........... .................: 424.37 : .697
Hauling ...............0...................:.. 68.09 : .112
Selling .......... ........ .... ......... .....: 148.83 : .244

Total harvesting and marketing cost..............:$2040.11 :$3,350

Total crop cost .......................... .... :$3700.46 :$6.076
Crop sales ............................. ......:$418637 :$6.874
Net return .............................. ...:$ 485.91 :$0,798


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Vine Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67


Item :5-Season: 1966-67
:Average :


Total number of growers .... ... ..... ........:
Total number of acres .... ......................:
Average acres per grower-..****************....****
Average yield per acre (60. lb)..*.o.... .........:

Growing costs:


67:
9,219:
138:
563:


14
2,452
175
602


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent ............ ....................:$ 58.78 :$


Seed....o............................,........:
Fertilizer ...................................:
Spray and dust ..................... ......:
Cultural labor ........................
Machine hire ........................:
Gas, oil and grease..........................:
Repair and maintenance ....................:
Depreciation .................,,.............,:
Licenses and insurance ......................:
Interest on production capital, (6% 5 mos)....:
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense .......................


12,22
318.36
185.86
878.52
60.86
43.00
61.58
54.06
36.66
44.46
5.40
122.44


66,60::
12.24::
298.24 :
197.96 :
864.78 :
58.07 a/
43.46 :
79.40 :
50.10 :
61.73 :
44.02 :
5.01:
78.40 :


Total growing cost ......................... ..... $1882.20:$1860,01 : $3.090

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense.............................:$ 522.02:$
Guading and packing expense ...............: 724.54:
Containers ................... ........ .....: 525.24:
Hauling ................. ...............: 81.79:
Selling ........ .... ....................... : 178.77:


646.34
674.53
505.0.4
107.00
171.61


Total harvesting and marketing cost..............:$2032.36:$2104.52 : $3.496


Total crop cost ...................**.. ..........:$3914.56:$3964.53
Crop sales ..... ,.......................... ..... :$4205.10:$4380.19
Net return.....................................:$ 290.54:$ 415.66


a/ Reported by 13 growers averaging $62.54 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates.


60. lb


$1.074
1.120
.839
.178
.285


$6.586
$7.276
$0.690











Watermelons
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1961-62 to 1965-66 and 1966-67

Item : 5-Season: 1966-67
: Average :


Total number of growers ......................:
Total number of acres .........................:
Average acres per grower .....................:
Average yield per acre (cwt).........,.........:


72
10,541
146
245


15
2,915
194
187


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent .,.........,,............:$
Seed ..........................,.........,:
Fertilizer ............... ................ :
Spray and dust .............. .... .......:
Cultural labor ...........................:
Machine hire ................ ............:
Gas, oil and grease .....................:
Repair and maintenance ....................
Depreciation ............................:
Licenses and insurance .................:
Interest on production capital (6%- 5 mos)..:
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense ................. ..:


13.12
5.49
94.76
52.54
88.95
33.25
17.23
19.04
20.21
5.66
8.51
2.02
10.38


Total growing cost ..........................:$371.16


Average per
Acre


Cwt


:$ 15.46 :
S 5.03 :
S104.17 :
S 65.63 :
104.99a1
S 26.05-
S 16.27 :
S 24.92 :
S 21.20 :
S 9.38 :
S 9.53 :
S 2.12 :
S 9.19 :

: $413.94 : $ 2.213


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking expense ...................... ..:$
Packing expense ...........................
Materials .................................:
Hauling ...................................
Other ......................,..........
Selling ..................................


Total harvesting and marketing cost............:$154.13

Total crop cost.................................:$525.29
Crop sales .................. ............... :$54772
Net return ....................................:$ 22.43


: $149.19 : $ 0.798


: $563.13
: $446.67
:$-116.46


$ 3.011
$ 2.388
$-0.623


a/ Reported by 13 growers averaging $30.05 per acre.

Source: Grower records and estimates.

Agr. Econ 1300
DLB: EH 2/8/68


27.21
13.56
9.54
56.47
4.79
42.56


$ 27.69 :
20.43 :
7.30 :
46.87 :

46.90


$ 0.148
.109
.039
.251

.251




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