• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Map of Florida vegetable producing...
 Foreword and acknowledgments
 Definitions
 Costs and returns data














Group Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons (Economic information report)
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076936/00015
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida. Food and Resource Economics Dept.
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1965-1966
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began: v. 4 (1948/1949).
Numbering Peculiarities: Isues are cummulative from the 1945/1946 season until v.5 (1949/1950); Agricultural Economics series (<1948/1949>-1951/1952, Agricultural Economics mimeo report (1952/1953-1964/1965), Economics mimeo report (1965/1966-<1967/1968>), Ag. econ. report (<1969/1970->, Economics report (-1972/1973), Economic information report (1973/1974-<1975/1976>)
General Note: Description based on first issue; title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1977.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076936
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03425969
lccn - 76368517
issn - 0149-0613
 Related Items
Preceded by: Per acre costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Map of Florida vegetable producing areas
        Page ii
    Foreword and acknowledgments
        Page iii
    Definitions
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Costs and returns data
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 33
Full Text

Economics Mimeo Report EC 67-8


COSTS AND RETURNS


from



VEGETABLE CROPS IN FLORIDA


SEASON 1965-1966
With Comparisons




by
Donald L. Brooke


Agricultural Economist










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Gainesville, Florida


February, 1967














TABLE OF CONTENTS


Map of Florida Vegetable Producing Areas . .

Foreword and Acknowledgments . .......

Definitions. . . * *


Costs and Returns Data

Beans, Snap .

Beans, Pole. . .

Cabbage. . . .

Celery . . .

Corn, Sweet .

Cucumbers ..

Eggplant . .

Leaf Crops .

Peppers, Green

Potatoes, Irish. .

Squash . . .

Tomatoes .


* 9 *

* 9

* 9 9

* 9 9

* 9 .


*




*


* *


* 9

* 9

* .


. 9 9



9 9


Watermelons. .


Page
ii


* . .


* 9





* .


iii

iv




1- 3

4

5- 7

S8-10

S11-13

14-15

S 16

17-18

. 19-20

. 21-24

. 25-27

. 28-32


* 9 .

* 9 9


-


.


* *

* *












---


,


* .













(-- [ I.Y \





VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS --\
With Principal Vegetables Produced 13

1. Dade tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish 1 I 1-- 2'
potatoes, squash, cucumbers, strawberries '-'-', 0 "--'
2 Palm Beach-Broward snap beans, peppers, j- 10
eggplant, cucumbers, squash, tomatoes
3 Immokalee-Lee tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, --
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons
4 Everglades snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage, 9
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
5 Fort Pierce tomatoes, watermelons 8
6 Wauchula cucumbers, tomatoes, watermelons 5
7 Sarasota celery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage 7- 6
8 Manatee-Ruskin tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower, 7 61
watermelons
9 Plant City strawberries, peppers, squash, -- -
pole beans, southern peas, okra 3
10 Sumter cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons
11 Zellwood sweet corn, celery, escarole, f
lettuce, snap beans, radishes
12 Sanford-Oviedo cabbage, celery, snap beans,
lettuce, escarole, sweet corn, peppers
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowell tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntosh-Island Grove squash, snap beans, celery,
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua snap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
Irish potatoes, watermelons
16 Hastings Irish potatoes, cabbage o oo O
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler snap and lima beans, O
cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
18 Quincy-Havana pole beans, cucumbers, squash
19 Escambia Irish potatoes











FOREWORD


This is the sixth in a new series of summaries of costs and returns
from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in Florida.
There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit agencies, research
workers and teachers for current factua: information of this type.

Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with
growers of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual prod-
uction costs were used when available, and estimates taken when records were
not kept. As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was obtained from
each grower. Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting costs have been
separated and labor items excluded from costs of materials. In a few cases
where crop sales were not available from growers they were computed on the
basis of average prices received for the crop as reported by the Florida
Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A,, Orlando, Florida.



















ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation, to the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association, Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A.,
Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worthwhile assist-
ance.







DEFINITIONS

Number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates of
crop costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose records
or estimates were used. When a partof the planted acreage was lost soon
after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage was used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular
crop divided by the number of growers..

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre
harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged
for all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in
the area. This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a
normal valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of land
values in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real
estate are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants
for planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include costs of
labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless other-
wise noted.

Fertilizer: This represents the actual cost of nutrient materials
applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are not
included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials only,
unless application labor is specified in which case some machine costs may
also be present. If weed control chemicals or soil fumigants were used,
their cost also is included here.

Cultural labor: This item contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready
for harvest. It does not include supervision by the operator, since his
compensation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of
the crop.

Machine hire: The cost of machine work hired, including use of
airplanes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor
charge for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease: The cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks. sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop is included in this item.

Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of repairs
to equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools
such as hoes, rakes and shovels purchased and charged off as a current
expenditure.










Depreciation: This includes the annual charge for depreciation
and obsolescence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation
charges could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The cost of licenses and insurance items
when chargeable to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks
and autos used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance
and fire or windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It does not
include health or accident insurance of the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital was
charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number of months
required to grow and market the crop regardless of whether or not much
production capital was actually borrowed. This percentage was used because
it is believed to be the normal interest rate. It is realized that product-
ion capital may be obtained at times from certain government organizations
at a lower rate, but seldom can growers secure capital at lower rates when
dealing with commercial banks or individuals.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): Interest was
charged at 6 percent of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value
of the capital invested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed that all
equipment was presently worth one-half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as office supplies,
administrative expense other than value of operators management, legal and
audit fees, telephone and telegraph and incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing labor: Where possible, harvesting and
marketing labor has been divided into two items: (1) picking and (2) grading
and packing. Picking, cutting or digging labor includes actual cost of
harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to packinghouse or wash
house. Washing or grading and packing labor includes preparation of the
product for shipment either at field house or packinghouse. Where this is
done for such crops as snap beans in the Everglades and in Dade County and
for tomatoes, celery and Irish potatoes in most locations, it is a contract
charge and includes machinery and overhead costs in addition to labor. The
same is usually true for all crops in all areas where grading and packing
is done off the farm in packinghouses.

Containers: Includes the cost for hampers, crates, bags or bask-
ets in which the product is moved to market.

Hauling: Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field
to packinghouse or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis
and includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was performed
by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from production
labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible.











Other: The cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment or,
for watermelons, the cost of government inspection prior to shipment or sale.
Inspection fees on other crops, when incurred, are included in packinghouse
charges and are not reported as a separate item.

Selling: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from the
producer's price. This cost does not include charges for unloading, grading,
packing, etc.

Crop 'ales: Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before
deduction of growing, harvesting and marketing costs. These differ from
U.S.D.A. data by the amount of the selling cost.

Net return: Return to the producer after deduction of all expenses
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertil-
izer, spray and dust, airplane application, and harvesting and marketing costs,
growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the appropriate
charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the differ-
ent crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the grower
except in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The total cul-
tural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most cases, prorated
to the various crops on the basis of available data developed at the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to man hours required, in various
parts of the state, to produce different crops from land preparation to har-
vest. A similar situation also applies to such items as machine hire, tract-
or fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and other production costs
where, except in very few cases, records had not been kept as to their respect-
ive charges to different crops. Prorations were also made of these items on
the basis of available data. (D. L. Brooke, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta.. Bul. 660,
June 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item.
This applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading and
packing, containers, hauling and precooling. Thus, these costs are based
only on the over-all average for all growers contacted in each area$ and
footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and average
costs for items not incurred by all growers in the area.

Per-Unit data: Per-unit costs and returns were computed by divid-
ing the average yield per acre in the area into the various items of cost
shown in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the data re-
corded and, in some cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing the
service because all growers may not have incurred every item of cost.













Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item


: 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


: 43
:13,969
: 325
: 103


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor . . . .
Machine hire . . . .
Gas, Oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital
Interest on capital invested (
Miscellaneous expense . .


Total growing cost . . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . . .
Grading and Packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and :marketing costs:..

Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . . .


. . . . .:$ 20.06 :$
. . . . . 16.23 :
. . . . .: 12.58 :
. . . . : 7.08 :
. . . . : 11.98 :
. . . . : 1.46 :
. . . . : 6.63 :
. . . . 10.74 :
. . . . 6.01 :
. . . . 3.68 :
(6% 4 mos.). 1.90 :
other than land) : .60 :
. . . . . 4.80 :


. .:$103.75 :$116.57


.. .:$ 88.80
. . .: 22.37
. .: 23.94
. . .: 9.99
. . .: 10.66


. . .:$155.76 :$158.22


. . .:$259.51
. . .:$250.03
. . :$- 9.48


a/ Reported by 8 and 7 growers averaging


a/ Reported by 8 and 7 growers averaging
respectively.

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$9.54 and $1.90 per acre,


11
3,155
287
734


Bushel


27.53
21.92
6.94 a/:
11.76
13.07
1.21 a/:
5.34
11.85
5.98
4.39
2.16
.60
3.82


90.32
22.45
20.49
8.98
15.98


:$ 0.870


:$ 0.674
: .168
: .153
: .067
: .119

:$ 1.181

:$ 2.051
:$ 2.459
:$ 0.408


:$274.79
:$329.44
:$ 54.65











Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5 Season :
Item Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. ... .
Average yield per acre (bushel) .


57
34,699
609
96


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent. . . . . . .. . .
Seed .. . . . . .. . .
Fertilizer . . . . .......
Spray and dust . . . . . . ..
Cultural labor . . . . . . ..
Machine hire . . . . . .....
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . ....
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .
Interest on production capital(67.-4 mos.).
Interest on capital invested(other than land).
Miscellaneous expense. . .. . . ...


21.32
17.99
37.06
10.93
25.72
5.98
10.15
12.70
8.32
5.17
3.06
.83
6.05


11
7,160
651
98


Bushel


31.81:
19.30 :
42.98 :
11.54 :
29.07 :
6.29 :
12.40 :
13.65 :
11.43 :
4.76 :
3.53 :
1.14 :
4.71:


Total growing cost. . . . .. . . . :$165.28


:$192.61 :$ 1.965


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . . ...
Containers. . . . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . . . .
Selling ... . . . . . . . .


:$ 85.87
:36.03
: 9.45
; 9.46


Total harvesting and marketing cost . . . :$140.81


Total crop cost. . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


:$306.09
:$326.16
:$ 20.07


:$156.12 :$ 1.593

:$348.73 :$ 3.558
:$366.94 :$ 3.744
:$ 18.21 :$ 0.186


Source: Grower records and estimates.


99.46 :$
37.58 :
9.16 :
9.92 :


1.015
.384
.093
.101


- -- --











Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


:5 Season 1965-66
Item 1965-66
:Average

Number of growers . . . . . . .. : 29 3
Number of acres . . . .... .... : 947 141
Average acres per grower . . . . ... : 33 : 47
Average yield per acre (bushels). . . .. : 127 : 157

Growing Costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent. . . . ... . . :$ 24.25 :$ 32.26
Seed .... . . .. . . . . : 22.00 : 16.60
Fertilizer . . . . .... . .. : 51.89 : 43.94
Spray and dust . . . . . . . : 12.60 : 6.86
Cultural labor . . . . . . . : 20.58 : 17.06
Machine hire . . .... .. . . . : .21
Gas, Oil and grease. . . . . . : 6.31 : 5.77
Repair and maintenance . . . . . : 9.41 : 9.47
Depreciation . . . . . . . : 8.55 : 6.71
Licenses and insurance. .. . .... : 3.47 : 3.85
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos.). : 3.14 : 2.75
Interest on capital invested(other than land) .85 : .67
miscellaneouss expense. .. . . .. : 6.22 : 1.61

Total growing cost. . . ... . . :$169.48 :$147.55 :$ 0.940

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . . . . :$117.30 :$195.21 :$'1.243
Containers .. . . . . . . : 45.25 : 59.91 .382
Hauling. . . . . . . . . : 8.10 : 10.47 : .067
Selling . . . . . . . . : 14.92 : 15.73 : .100

Total harvesting and marketing costs. . . :$185.57 :$281.32 :$ 1.792

Total crop cost . . . . . . . :$355.05 :$428.87 :$ 2.732
Crop sales . . . . . . . .. :$379.17 :$556.83 :$ 3.547
Net return .. . . . . . . . :$ 24.12 :$127.96 :$ 0.815


Source: Grower records and estimates.











Pole Beans
Costs and returns in the Dade County Area
5- Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5-Season
Item Av 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower .. .
Average yield per acre (bushel).


37
12,856
347
226


8
2,523
315
257


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . :
Seed. . .. . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . :
Spray and dust. . . . . . ... :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . :
Machine hire. . . . . . . .. .:
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . ... :
Depreciation. . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. ... . .. :
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


$ 39.46 :$
20.00
51.16 :
29.49
127.45 :
7.22
11.09
14.60
11.48 :
8.36
6.69
1.15
25.66


Bushel


41.13
20.73
48.68
27.09
125.43
5.49a/:
11.43 :
20.87
12.43
10.95
6.78
1.24 :
27.44


Total growing cost . . . . . . . :$353.81


:$359.69 :$ 1.400


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


. . . :$131.16
.82.40
... 22.68
.30.97


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . . :$267.21

Total crop cost. . . . . . . :$621.02
Crop sales . . . . . . . :$661.35
Net return . . . . . . . . . :$ 40.33

a/ Reported by 7 growers averaging $6.28 per acre.


:$321.50 :$ 1.251


:$681.19
:$803.35
:$122.16


:$ 2.651
:$ 3.126
:$ 0.475


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$163.02
:99.47
:21.80
:37.21


0.634
.387
.085
.145


c













Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5-Season
Item 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers . . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . . .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.) . .

Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and Insurance . . .
Interest on production capital(6% -
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop Sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


37
6,421 : ,
174
290

Average per
Acre Acre


4
th


. . .:$ 20.33 :$
. . 9.27
. : 23.53
. : 23.61
. : 53.01
. . : 1.41
. . 10.28
. . 16.89
. . : 9.27
. . : 5.41
mos.). .: 3.40
an land).: .93
. . .: 6.18 :


. . . .:$183.52


.:$ 61.15
.: 109.91
.: 17.00
26.86


. . . .:$214.92


.:$398.44
.:$495.40
.:$ 96.96


:$219.32


:$ 93.34
:147.97
27.85
40.58

:$309.74

:$529.06
:$575.18
:$ 46.12


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging


$4.20 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


10
402
140
348


50 lb.


34.99
12.63
26.01
31-.24
57.76
1.26
9.06
16.42
10.08
8.91
4.08
1.01
5.87


:$ 0.630


:$ 0.268
.425
.080
.117

:$ 0.890

:$ 1.520
:$ 1.653
:$ 0.133


:$




a/:












Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5-Season : 965-66
Item_ : Average :


Number of growers . . . ..
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.) .


77
7,355
96
363


15
1,454
97
478


Growing Costs:


Average per
Acre Acre 50 lb.


Land rent . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . .
Interest on production capital(67/-4 mos.
Interest on capital invested(other than
Miscellaneous expense . . . ...


. *
* .
. .
. .
. .
* .
* .


) .
land
. .


Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. ... :$244.42 :$302.93 :$ 0.634


. . . :$ 54.76
. . . : 115.22
. . .. : 7.12
. . . 48.42


:$ 86.21 :$
: 165.66 :
: 8.92a/:
: 56.48 :


Total harvesting and marketing costs .

Total Crop Cost . . . . .
Crop Sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


:$225.52 :$317.27 :$ 0.664

:$469.94 :$620.20 :$ 1.298
:$575.31 :$813.11 :$ 1.701
:$105.37 :$192.91 :$ 0.403


a/ Reported by 11 and 8 growers averaging
- tively.
Source: Grower records and estimates.


$6.70 and $16.72 per acre respect.


26.62 :$
21.47 :
66.44 .
17.58 :
58.28 :
1.75 :
9.45 :
14.53 :
12.81 :
4.74 :
4.52 :
1.28 :
4.95 :


29.07
30.58
69.44
22.54
73.39
5.13a/:
9.87
23.01
18.13
7.59
5.55
1.81
6.82


0.180
.347
.019
.118












Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average

Number of growers . . . . . ... .: 62 9
lumber of acres . . . . . .... .: 4,294 :1,520
Average acres per grower. .. . . . . .: 69 169
Average yield per acre (50 b.) . . . .: 440 438

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre 50 lb.

Land rent. . . . . . . . . .:$ 32.71 :$ 32.40
Seed . . . . . . . . .. .: 20.96 : 25.62
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. .: 86.62 : 71.29
Spray and dust . . . . . . .. .: 30.85 :38.55
Cultural labor .. . . . . . . : 64.86 : 75.33
Machine hire . . . . . ... : . 43 :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . 11.10 : 9.42
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .: 15.43 : 14.92
Depreciation . . . . . . . . 14.02 : 9.89
Licenses and insurance. . . . . .: 4.56 : 6.40
Interest on production capital(6'/ 4 mos.).: 5.48 : 5.59
In terest on capital invested(Other than land) 1.40 : .99
Miscellaneous expense. . .. .. . .. : 6.59 :5.71

Total growing cost. . . . .... . .:$295.01 :$296.11 :$ 0.676

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . . .... . .:$ 79.40 :$ 97.24 :$ 0.222
Containers .. . . . . ..... .: 156.09 : 159.40 : .364
Hauling. . . . . . . . . . 21.54 : 22.44 : .051
Selling. .. . . . . . . . : 51.37 : 48.34 : .111

Total harvesting and marketing cost ..... .:$308.40 :$327.42 :$ 0.748

Total crop cost . . . . . . . .:$603.41 :$623.53 :$ 1.424
Crop sales . . . . . . . . .:$673.13 :$675.46 :$ 1.542
Net return. . . . . . . . . :$ 69.72 :$ 51.93 :$ 0.1.18


Source: Grower records and estimates.













Celery
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item


: 5-Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


56
9,194
164
632


9
1,932
215
570


Growing costs:
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . ....
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .. .....
Licenses and insurance . . . . . ..
Interest on production capital(67-5 mos.). .
Interest on capital invested(other than land).
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


.:$ 37.94
44.13
. 134.11
59.12
: 170.26
3.32
18.94
28.80
26.56
16.92
: 13.35
2.65
20.66


Total growing cost . . .... .. . .:.$576.76

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Average per
Acre


Crate


:$ 35.44
53.12
:127.22
64.04
:174.24
4.50a/:
16.45
21.24
18.89
18.53
13.44
1.89
22.67


:$571.67 :$ 1.003


Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. . . :$319.99
. . . .: 270.98
. . . .: 41.20
S . . 94.97
. . . .: 98.62


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . .

Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . . .


. .:$825.76


.$1402.52
.$1629.92
.$ 227.40


:$845.47 :$ 1.483


$1417.14
$1667.37
$ 250.23


:$ 2.486
:$ 2.925
:$ 0.439


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $13.50 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$335.89
: 252.33
:45.73
: 122.39
: 89.13


0.589
.443
.080
.215
.156


---`----~----~---










Celery
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5 Season :
Item 5 Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


Growing Costs:


43
37,515
872
577


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . .... .:$
Seed . . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .. .
Machine hire . . . . . . . .. .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .. .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .. .
Depreciation . . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . ..
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) .
Interest on capital invested(other than land).:
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


24.03
32.36
100.02
82.07
144.90
2.11
25.35
42.18
21.10
14.10
12.25
2.11
22.52


10
7,511
751
651


Crate


33.05 :
40.02 :
117.14 :
114.81:
167.25 :
1.60a/
23.31:
52.68 :
23.54 :
21.00 :
15.03 :
2.35 :
30.22 :


Total growing cost. . . . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . . .
Containers. . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . . .


. ..:$ 525.10 :$ 642.00 :$0.986


.:$ 206.51
.: 251.39
35.52
86.62
.: 73.53


390.06
301.84
53.67
128.00
80.84


:$0.599
:.464
:.082
:.197
:.124


. . :$ 653.57 :$ 954.41 :$1.466

. . :$1178.67 :$1596.41 :$2.452
. . :$1472.59 :$1856.11 :$2.851
S. . .:$ 293.92 :$ 259.70 :$0.399


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging


$4.01 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.












Celery
Costs and Returns in the West Coast Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5-Season 1965-66
: Average

Number of growers . . . . . . . : 22 5
Number of acres . . . . . . . : 2,310 607
Average acres per grower. . . . . : 105 121
Average yield per acre (crates) . . . : 763 770


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . :$
Seed . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust . . . . . ... :
Cultural labor . . . . . ... :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . .... :
Repair and maintenance . . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . :
Interest on production capital (67/-5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(Other than land)
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . :


44.87
59.88
135.50
73.12
252.47
45.78
47.10
36.38
30.55
18.68
3.64
57.93


Crate


51.98 :$
40.23 :
145.59 :
116.96 :
324.06 :
48.71:
76.11 :
41.87 :
50.09
22.46 :
4.19 :
44.70 :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost . .


Total Crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


.. :$ 805.90


. . :$.277.02
.. : 326.14
: 29.72
. : 110.32
.. : 95.32


. :$ 838.52


S. :$1644.42
S. . :$2072.15
. . :$ 427.73


:$ 966.95 :$ 1.256


:$ 352.75 :$ .458
334.48 : .434
34.49 : .045
152.86 : .199
84.64 : .110

:$ 959.22 :$ 1.246

:$1926.17 :$ 2.502
:$2414.49 :$ 3.136
:$ 488.32 :$ 0.634


Source: Grower records and estimates.












Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


80
81,883
1,024
153


22
23,627
1,074
1.57


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . .
Spray and dust.. . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . .
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos
Interest on capital invested(other than
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .

Total growing cost . . . . . .


. . :$
. . :




:$
. .:
. . :
. . :
. . :





) . :
land) :
. . :


19.64
6.53
31.11
52.64
25.09
1.85
8.83
14.29
7.98
4.81
3.43
.80
6.96


. . :$183.96


Average pe
Acre


Crates


:$ 29.16 :$
5.60
30.43
58.03
25.65
3.34a/:
7.26
14.01
7.54
5.96
3.72
.76
6.63

:$198.09 :$ 1.262


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. . .. :$ 44.52
. . . : 52.53
. . . : 10.20
. . . : 22.75
. . .. : 17.22


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . . . :$147.22


:$177.19 :$ 1.128


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net Return . . . . . . .


. . . :$331.18
. . . :$353.53
. . . :$ 22.35


a/ Reported by 14 growers averaging $5.25 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


58.26
58.01
11.89
29.85
19.18


0.371
.369
.076
.190
.122


:$375.28
:$344.94
:$-30.34


:$ 2.390
:$ 2.197
:$.0.193


--


.













Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Lower East Coast Area
3-Season Average 1962-63 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item 3 Season 1965-66
Im: Average


Number of growers
Number of acres .
Average acres per
Average yield per

Growing costs:


Land rent. . . ..
Seed . . .
Fertilizer . . ..
Spray and dust . .
Cultural labor . .
Machine hire . ..
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance
Interest on production


Interest on capital inv
Miscellaneous expense.


grower. .
acre (crates)


Average per
Acre Acre


. . . . 0 .:$


capital,(67.-4 mos.) .:
ested(other than laid)
* 0 a 0 . 0 .:
oooo..o

oooo..ooo

ooooo.oooo:







oooooooeo:


Total growing cost. . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


S. .. .:$260.75


:$244.78 :$ 1.712


Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . .
Other. . .. . .. ...
Selling. ....... ...


. . .:$ 58.28
. . .. .: 55.14
..... .: 15.22
S. .: 23.05
. .. .: 18.79


Total harvesting and marketing cost .


. . .:$170.48


:$163.43 :$ 1.143


Total crop cost .. .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. . .. .:$431.23
. ... .:$520.05
. . .:$ 88.82


Source: Grower records and estimates.


13
7,514
578
173


7
7,483
1,069
143


Crates


40.72
8.39
62.52
46.04
31.14
2.98
9.73
16.77
11.31
7.85
4.87
1.13
17.30


40.01
5.39
54.50
48.99
32.52
4.20
9.43
20.48
11.93
4.98
4.54
1.19
6.62


51.79
51.02
13.33
29.93
17.36


0.362
.357
.093
.209
.122


:$408.21
:$390.45
:$-17.76


:$ 2.855
:$ 2.731
:$-0.124


- --











Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Zellwood Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5 Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (crates)


31
16,363
528
261


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


6
3,225
538
198


Crate


Land rent. . . .
Saeer


. . . . . . :$ 26.08


Fertilizer . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . .......
Licenses and insurance . . . . .
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos.). .
Interest on capital invested(other than land).
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . ..


Total growing cost. . . ..


. . :$215.08


:$196.22 :$ 0.991


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . .
Other. . . . .. . .
Selling. . . . . .


. . . . .*
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
. . . . .
.ooo.....
......BOO
ooo
.oooooo
.oooooo


Total harvesting and marketing. . . .


Total crop cost . ...
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


. . :$253.18


:$468.26
:$551.72
:$ 83.46


:$232.02 :$ 1.172

:$428.24 :$ 2.163
:$412.27 :$ 2.082
:$-15.97 :$-0.081


a/ Reported by 5 and 2 growers
respectively.


averaging $38.93 and $11.22 per acre,


Source: Grower records and estimates.


7.65
37.68
56.43
29.52
7.73
7.31
15.94
7.87
8.14
4.05
.79
5.89


27.71:
6.01
32.44a/
54.71:
30.22
3.74a/
3.19 :
13.13
5.04
8.07
3.74
.50
7.72


:$ 80.15
:89.00
:14.02
:39.47
:30.54


82.77 :$
69.74 :
12.13 :
39.62 :
27.76 :


0.418
.353
.061
.200
.140

















Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres.. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushel) .

Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . .


.1


Seed . . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . :
Cultural labor . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . .... .. :
Gast oil and grease. . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . .. :
Depreciation . . . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . :
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
miscellaneous expense. . . ... .. :


51
4,756
93
217


Acre
$ 12.5
6.3:
98.94
47.1:
86.1U
18.6.
16.2'
19.2
15.5
4.5
7.9
1.5
8.3


10
1,182
118
268


Average per
Acre Bushel
S:$ 13.50 :$
2 :10.45
4 :97.42
2 :43.10
8 : 105.76
5 : 16.19a/:
4 :18.06 :
6 20.63
5 20.28
5 7.29
5 : 8.53
5 : 2.03
8 : 8.64


Total growing cost. . . . . . . . :$343.23 :$371.88

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor. . . . . . . . :$ 94.54
Grading and packing labor . . . ... : 101.84
Containers . . . . . . .... : 111.43
Hauling. . . . . . . . . .. : 33.23
Selling. . . . . . . . .. .: 34.44


.:$154.97
: 117.81
: 155.86
: 31.12
:33.43


Total harvesting and marketing cost . . . :$375.48 :$493.19


Total crop cost . . . . . . . . :$718.71
Crop Sales . . . . . . . .. :$746.27
Net return . . . . . . . . :$ 27.56


:$865.07
:$813.93
:$-51.14


a/ Reported by 9 growers averaging $17.99 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$ 1.388


:$ 0.578
.440
.581
.116
.125

:$ 1.840

:$ 3.228
:$ 3.037
:$-0.191












Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

: 5-Season :
Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower.
Average yield per acre(bu.)


33
4,272
129
185


Growing costs:


5
995
199
222


Average per
Acre Acre Bushel


Land rent. .... ........... ... .:$ 33.26
Seed . . . . . . . .. .: 8.01
Fertilizer . . . . ...... : 73.17
Spray and dust . . . . . . . 59.44
Cultural labor . ... ......... 58.77
Machine hire . . . . . 11.85
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . 15.97
Repair and maintenance .......... : 20.20
Depreciation . . . . . 10.62
Licenses and insurance . ... . 7.56
Interest on production capital(67o-5 mos.). .: 7.51
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.06
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . .: 12.25

Total growing cost. . . . . . .:$319.67


$ 29.64
7.30
113.76
43.49
67.49
12.20a/:
15.15
19.72
16.24
21.02
8.41
1.62
6.66

:$362.70 :$ 1.634


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . .
Grading and packing labor. ....
Containers . .. . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . . .


S. . .:$ 94.18
. . .: 71.87
. . .: 98.45
. . .: 20.91
. ... .: 20.76


Total harvesting and marketing cost .


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


. .. .:$306.17


. . :$625.84
.....:$641.32
. .:$ 15.48


:$422.93 :$ 1.905


:$785.63
:$881.53
:$ 95.90


3.539
3.971
0.432


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $15.25 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$138.30
: 104.07
: 118.30
:29.41
:32.85


0.623
.469
.533
.132
.148






16



Eggplant
Costs and returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5-Season 1965-66
em : Average

Number of growers ................ : 45 8
Number of acres .. . ..... . . .. : 1,409 : 381
Average acres per grower. .. ......... : 31 : 48
Average yield per acre (bushel) . .... : 549 : 584

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre Bushel

Land rent. . . . . . . . :$ 32.63 :$ 46.73 :
Seed . . . . . . . : 8.96 : 7.43 :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . : 186.71 : 187.28 :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . : 68.16 : 72.52 :
Cultural labor . . ... . . .... : 169.34 : 162.82 :
Machine hire . . . . . . . : 22.53 : 28.46 :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . .. : 27.93 : 35.17 :
Repair and maintenance .. . . . . : 36.40 : 50.33 :
Depreciation . . . . . . . .. : 25.07 : 32.40 :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . : 16.02 : 37.18 :
Interest on production capital(6.-5 mos.). : 14.69 : 16.17 :
Interest on capital invested(other than land). : 2.51 : 3.24 :
Miscellaneous expense. .. . . . .... : 18.99 : 18.97 :

Total growing cost. . . . . . . :$ 629.94 :$ 698.70 :$ 1.196

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor. . . . . :$ 205.14 :$ 219.60 :$ 0.376
Containers . . . . .. . ... .. : 250.90 : 296.61 : .508
Hauling. .. . . . . . : 53.45 : 56.99 : .098
Selling. . . . . . . . . . 50.47 : 79.01 : .135

Total harvesting and marketing cost . . . :$ 559.96 :$ 652.21 :$ 1.117

Total crop cost . . . . . . :$1189.90 :$1350.91 :$ 2.313
Crop sales. . . . . . . . . :$1110.16 :$1263.15 :$ 2.163
Net return. . . . . . . . . .. :$ -79.74 :$ -87.76 :$-0.150


Source: Grower records and estimates.










Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area
4-Season Average 1961-62 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

te 4-Season : 1965-66
I em Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre(crates).


33
2,640
80
411


: 9
: 1,482
: 165
: 430


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital(6% -
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


.





4 mos.).
than land)
*


25.97
11.64
61.83
14.30
89.18
.46
9.61
16.06
12.42
6.36
4.84
1.24
6.52


. . . :$260.43


:$ 82.64
: 156.82
:21.02
:58.87
:39.34


23.18
11.33
33.44
16.70
82.29

6.10
23.63
10.22
7.79
4.22
1.02
6.53


:$226.45 :$ 0.527


:$ 99.74
: 175.49
: 17.87
:80.36
:34.34


0.232
.408
.041
.187
.080


Total harvesting and marketing cost . . .

Total crop cost . . . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . . . .


:$358.69 :$407.80 :$ 0.948


:$619.12
:$794.59
:$175.47


:$634.25
:$731.38
:$ 97.13


:$ 1.475
:$ 1.701
:$ 0.226


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Crate


- --- ------------------













Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item


5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower.. .
Average yield per acre (crates)


36
13,835
384
382


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . . . . . . . :
Seed . . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . :
Cultural labor . . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . .... . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . . :
Interest on production capital (67 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(bther than land).::
miscellaneous expense. . . .. .. . . :

Total growing cost. . . . . . . . :


Average per
Acre Acre


$ 21.10 :$ 32.99
5.46 : 4.78
29.04 : 23.49
14.24 : 16.85
51.47 : 63.09
1.64 : 2.23E
9.34 : 8.35
15.98 : 13.69
7.80 : 7.74
5.64 : 9.50
3.19 : 3.64
.78 : .77
5.66 : 6.84

$171.34 :$193.96


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net Return . . . . . .


. . . . :$ 73.79 :$ 93.15
. . . : 142.87 : 137.78
. . : 21.61 : 21.08
. . . : 55.28 : 69.74
. . . : 38.09 : 39.24

. . . . :$331.64 :$360.99

. . . . :$502.98 :$554.95
. . . . :$601.56 :$469.56
. . . :$ 98.58 :$-85.39


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging


$4.46 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


8
3,933
492
354


Crate


:$ 0.548


:$ 0.263
S .389
S .060
.197
: .111

:$ 1.020

:$ 1.568
:$ 1.327
:$-0.241


----------- ------













Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5-Season 1965-66
It : Average


Number of growers. . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre(Bushels)


: 45
: 5,680
: 126
: 368


12
2,003
167
342


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . . . . .
Interest o.n production capital(67.-5 mos.). .


Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


than land:
* . .


:$ 13.3:
17.71
: 139.4(
S60.3'
: 134.4
S29.0
S32.11
S36.5(
S34.8'
S10.4'
12.2
: 3.4'
14.9


Average per
Acre

3 :$ 14.02
: 25.29
6 : 150.21
4 : 60.96
7 :173.41
2 31.58
9 37.00
6 41.81
6 :41.42
9 18.59
1 :14.32
9 4.14
3 : 19.92


Total growing cost: . . . . .... ... :$539.06

Harvesting and marketing costs:


:$632.67 :$ 1.850


Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . ..
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . .


. . . :$125.18
. . : 156.39
. .. : 166.38
. . : 50.59
. . 52.76


Total harvesting and marketing cost . . . :$551.30


:$566.50 :$ 1.656


Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop Sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. $1090.36
. . . $1155.09
. . $ 64.73


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel


:$144.87
: 158.56
: 168.47
:49.14
:45.46


0.423
.464
.492
.144
.133


$1199.1.7
$1230.54
$ 31.37


3.506
3.598
0.092












Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item :5-Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers
Number of acres .
Average acres per
Average yield per

Growing costs:


Land rent. .
Seed . .
Fertilizer .
Spray and dust
Cultural labor
Machine hire .
Gas, oil and gr
Repair and main
Depreciation .
Licenses and in
Interest on pro
Interest on cap
Miscellaneous e


. . . 0 . . a
. . . 0 0 0 0
grower* . . . . . .
acre (bushel) . . . . .


85
6,804
80
428


Average per
Acre Acre


. . . 0 0 0 .
. . 0 . 0 . 0 .
. . 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 0


. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0
ease. . *. . . . *
tenance s . o . . o
. 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 . 0
Lsurance . . *
duction capital(67.-5 mos.). .
>ital invested(other than land).
expense. . . . . o e


35.90:$
20.97:
153.28:
66.95:
241.67:
29.05:
32.02:
40.22:
29.09:
18.20:
16.62:
2.91:
26.43:


49.31:
27.95:
184.06:
106.83:
247.24:
34.54:
35.31:
58.59:
37.09:
25.73:
19.67:
3.71:
17.28:


Total growing cost. *. . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . ...
Selling. ... . . . .


. .. :$ 713.31:$


0 0 0
0 0 0
. 0 0
. . 0


197.93:$
189.17:.
43.45:
41.70:


847.31:$1.966


194.94:$0.452
203.92: .473
45.69: .106
53.94: .125


Total harvesting and marketing cost ..


. . .. :$ 472.25:$ 498.49:$1.156


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


0 0 . .


:$1185.56:$1345.80:$3.122
:$1274.77:$1591.26:$3.692
:$ 89.21:$ 245.46:$0.570


Source: Grower records and estimates.


13
1,115
86
431


Bushel












Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5- Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5 Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt)..


47
20,370
433
163


11
5,483
498
140


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . .
Seed . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease. .
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance .
Interest on production ca


. . . . . .:$ 45.55


*
.
. .
. .o
. .
* .
. .
* .

(67,-


Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense. . . .


. .. .. : 93.76
. .... : 53.69
S. . .: 37.55
S. . .: 37.44
. . . : 1.37
. .... : 10.03
S. . .: 14.00
S. . .: 13.17
. ... .: 9.43
4 mos.) .: 6.26
than land).: 1.32
. .... : 10.07


:$ 47.17 :$
107.17
49.55 :
36.66
47.05
1.21a/
8.70:
17.97
:15.48
12.88
6.76:
1.55
9.94:


Total growing cost. . . . . ..


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . .
Grading and packing labor. ....
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing costs. . .


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . .. . . .
Net return . . . ..


. .:$333.64 :$362.09 :$ 2.586


. . .. .:$ 23.94
. .. .: 83.00
. .... .: 30.18
.: 17.05
: 27.29


. .:$181.46 :$161.78 :$ 1.156


. . .. .:$515.10
. .... .:$634.25
. .... :$119.15


:$523.87
:$653.54
:$129.67


a/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $3.32 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


cwt.


16.33
79.65
22.31
16.32
27.17


0.117
.569
.159
.117
.194


:$ 3.742
:$ 4.668
:$ 0.926












Irish Potatoes

Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


tem 5-Season 965-6
m: Average *


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (CWT) .


15
4,371
291
145


3
800
267
132


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation. . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos.) .
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


Total growing cost . . . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre


20.12
65.40
42.88
25.75
39.30
11.86
17.93
13.57
8.75
4.91
1.36
13.62


:$ 22.75
:68.36
:38.07
:24.67
:45.50
14.97
21.37
12.26
14.54
5.33
1.23
16.04


S :$265.45 :$285.09 :$ 2.160


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor . . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing cost. .

Total crop cost. . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . . .


.. :$ 28.18
S. . : 75.74
.. : 27.29
. : 4.39
. . : 19.72

. . :$165.32

S. . :$430.77
S. . :$432.52
. . :$ 1.75


35.59
77.00
31.84
23.27
26.19


0.270
.583
.241
.176
.199


:$193.89 :$ 1.469


:$478.98
:$490.53
:$ 11.55


3.629
3.716
0.087


Source: Grower records and estimates.


CWT












Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area
5-Season Average 1960-69 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

Item : 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average

Number of growers... . . . . . . : 112 26
Number of acres. . . . . . . . . : 23,162 5,707
Average acres per grower . . . . . . : 207 220
Average yield per acre (cwt) . . . . .. : 174 134

Growing costs: Average per
Acre Acre cwt.

Land rent . . . . . . . .... :$ 28.00 :$ 30.50
Seed . . . . .. . .. .. : 66.69 : 76.74
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . : 66.72 : 72.52
Spray and dust . . . . ...... : 13.79 : 14.67
Cultural labor . . . . ..... : 32.41 :35.76
Machine hire .. . . . . . ... : 2.56 : 6.49a/:
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . : 13.26 : 12.64
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . : 19.22 : 25.47
Depreciation ... . . . . .. : 18.34 : 23.77
Licenses and insurance. . . . ... : 6.21 : 9.30
Interest on production capital (6%-4 mos.).. : 5.11 : 5.81
Interest on capital invested(other than land) : 1.83 : 2.38
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .. : 6.32 : 6.57

Total growing cost . . . . . . .. :$280.46 :$322.62 :$ 2.408

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . . . . . :$ 24.78 :$ 18.89 :$ 0.141
Grading and packing labor . . . . . : 45.79 : 38.20 : .285
Containers . . . . . . . .. : 31.31 : 26.28 : .196
Hauling .. . . . . . . . . : 21.20 : 18.06 .135
Selling . . . . . . . . . : 32.24 : 25.67 : .191

Total harvesting and marketing costs . . .. :$155.32 :$127.10 :$ 0.948

Total crop cost. . . . . . . . . :$435.78 :$449.72 :$ 3.356
Crop sales . . . . . . . . .. :$556.77 :$456.04 :$ 3.403
Net return . . . . . . . . . :$120.99 :$ 6.32 :$ 0.047


a/ Reported by 19 growers averaging $8.88 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.











Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5 Season Average 1.960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

Item : 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt).


22
3,252
148
161


7
1,424
203
137


Growing costs:


Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . .. .:$ 24.06
Seed . . . . . . . . ... . : 84.57
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. .: 87.38
Spray and dust . . . . . .... .: 28.74
Cultural labor . . . . . . .. .: 41.22
Machine hire . . . . . . . .. .: 5.33
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . .. .: 14.08
Repair and maintenance . . . . .. .: 15.47
Depreciation . . . . . . ... .: 15.67
Licenses and insurance . . . .... .: 7.21
Interest on production capital (6%-4 mos.) .: 6.29
Interest on capital invested(other than land).: 1.57
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . .. .: 6.51

Total growing cost. . . . . . . . .:$338.10

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . . . . .. :$ 28.42
Grading and packing labor . . . ... : 68.84
Containers. . . . . . . . . : 30.93
Hauling . . . . . . . . .. : 22.74
Selling . . . . . . . .. . : 29.61

Total Harvesting and marketing costs .. . . :$180.54

Total crop cost. . . . . . ... ... :$518.64
Crop Sales . . . . . . . . . :$635.05
Net return . . . . . . . . . :$116.41


a/ Reported by 6 growers averaging $6.46 per acre.


:$ 21.60
:128.35
:102.25
28.08
44.58
5.54a/:
11.74
13.24
21.02
9.00
7.43
2.10
8.66


:$403.59 :$ 2.946


28.92
67.20
30.66
21.62
25.19


0.211
.490
.224
.158
.184


:$173.59 :$ 1.267


:$577.18
:$551.70
:$-25.48


:$ 4.213
:$ 4.027
:$-0.186


Source: Grower records and estimates.


cwt.











Squash
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


It : 5-Season : 1965-66
em : Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . .. . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushel)


* . .
* . .
* . *
* . *


Growing Costs: Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . :$
Seed. . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . ...
Spray and dust. . . ....... :
Cultural labor. . . . .. .. :
Machine hire. . . . ... . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . :
Depreciation. . . . ..... . :
Licenses and insurance. . . :
Interest on production capital(6%-4 mos.) .. :
Interest on capital invested(other than land) :
Miscellaneous expense . ... . * :


28.18
9.85
50.31
37.64
31.64
4.10
13.85
17.15
12.63
9.26
4.22
1.27
9.08


30.19 :$
8.82 :
46.18 :
27.79 :
36.70 :
2.43a/
12.08 :
18.52 :
17.00 :
10.35 :
3.96 :
1.70 :
4.79


Total growing cost . . .... . . :$229.18


:$220.51 :$ 1.837


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . . . .
Containers . . . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . . . . .


:$ 76.36
:50.18
:12.22
: 18.68


Total harvesting and marketing costs:. .. . :$165.44


Total crop cost . . . . . . . .
Crop sales .. . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . . .


:$394.62
:$394.42
:$- .20


:$174.19 :$ 1.452


:$394.70
:$446.01
:$ 51.31


:$ 3.289
:$ 3.717
:$ 0.428


a/ Reported by 3 growers averaging $5.68 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


33
3,703
112
120


: 7
:1,255
:179
:120


Bushel


:$ 95.63
:51.22
:12.01
:15.33


0.797
.427
.100
.128










Squash
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of Growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bu.).


22
2,475
112
164


4
720
180
186


Growing cost:


Land ren . . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .
Interest on production capital (67o-4 mos.) .
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre
:$ 11.05 :$ 13.36
5.16 : 11.11
69.93 : 74.25
25.89 : 24.46
:33.31 : 42.03
6.13 : 6.71
11.35 : 11.67
11.99 : 14.04
12.36 : 15.50
4.23 : 4.38
3.66 : 4.16
1.24 : 1.55
3.95 : 5.92


Total growing cost. . . . . . . . :$200.25 :$229.14

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor . . . . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . . . . .
Containers . . . . . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .. . .


:$ 40.35
:71.76
:77.33
:21.30
:23.86


:$ 70.93
71 .02
: 102.05
:26.36
:24.35


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . . . .:$234.60 :$294.71


Total crop cost. . . . . . . . :$434.85
Crop sales . . . . . . . . . :$495.71
Net return . . . . . . . . . :$ 60.86


:$523.85
:$591.66
:$ 67.81


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Bushel
















:$ 1.232


:$ 0.381
.382
.548
.142
.131

:$ 1.584

:$ 2.816
:$ 3.181
:$ 0.365












Squash
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65


Item : 5-Seaqon
Item A ae
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . ..
Average yield per acre (bushel).


* .
* .


38
1,523
40
120


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . .
Seed .. . . . ..
Fertilizer. . ..
Spray and dust. . . .
Cultural labor. . . .
Machine hire. . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation. . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . . .
Interest on production cpital(67-4 mos .
Interest on capital invested(other than land
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


28.53
8.34
52.84
32.52
35.24
11.64
15.64
18.80
13.44
7.66
4.38
1.34
7.94


Total growing cost . . . ....

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor ..
Containers.. . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing costs .

Total crop cost. . . . .....
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


Source: Grower records and estimates.


S. ... :$238.31


. .... :$ 66.57
. . : 66.50
. . .. : 13.48
. . : 15.59

S. . :$162.14

S. . :$400.45
S. . :$443.67
. . . :$ 43.22










Tomatoes
Costs and returns in the Dade County Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


63
36,588
581
196


11
9,037
822
139


Growing Costs:


Land rent. . . . .. ... .. :
Seed . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . :
Cultural labor . . ..... . :.
Machine hire . . . ...... . :
Gas, oil'and grease. ..... . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . :
Interest on production capital (67.-5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . .. :


Average per
Acre Acre


$ 39.81
6.80
125.68
73.49
96.70
8.53
18.92
30.87
21.86
14.51
10.78
2.19
16.09


:$ 39.0.3
6.20
: 118.52
77.52
86.69
9.68
18.67
31.70
20.37
13.61
10.28
2.04
9.59


Total growing cost. . . . . . . :$ 466.23


:$443.90 :$ 3.194


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . . .
Grading and packing labor. ....
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . . .


.. $
a~


~e


Total harvesting and marketing cost ..... :$ 382.55


Total Crop cost. . . . ...
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . .


848,78
854.73
5.95


:$301.64 :$ 2.170


:$745.54
:$632.33
$-113.21


:$ 5.364
:$ 4.549
:$-0.815


Source: Grover records and estimates.


60 lb.

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:


116.74
115.23
95.37
22.94
32.27


:$102.47
: .84.87
:73.82
:16.05
: 24.43


0.737
.611
.531
.115
.176


. . . :$
. . . :$
. . . :$











Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Ft. Pierce Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


70
20,220
289
200


9
3,720
413
190


Growing costs:


Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent . . .


. . . . . :$ 11.74


Seed . . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. .:
Spray and dust . . . . . . ... .:
Cultural labor . . . . . . .. .:
Machine hire . . . . . . . .. .:
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . ... .:
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . ... .:
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .:
Interest on production capital(6%-5mos.) . .:
Interest on capital invested(other than land).:
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . .. .


5.73
92.75
60.78
129.03
49.28
24.92
35.94
22.96
8.71
10.89
2.30
16.55


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


.:$471.58 :$517.44


.:$129.30
.: 126.64
.: 105.21
:42.72
36.11


:$163.16
: 119.79
: 100.93
:47.35
:34.86


.:$439.98 :$466.09


.:$911.56
.:1017.28
.:$105.72


:$983.53
:1055.22
:$ 71.69


Source: Grower records and estimates.


60 lb.


S9.60
8.61
96 95
84.67
147.1.3
49.54
23.30
37.36
27.86
11.05
11.87
2.79
6.71


:$ 2.723


0.859
.631
.531
.249
.184


:$ 2.454

:$ 5.177
:$ 5.554
:$ 0.377









Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item 5-Season 1965-66
: Average :


Number of growers . . . . . . . ... .: 53
Number of acres . . . . . . . ... .: 11,056
Average acres per grower. . . . . . . : 209
Average yield per acre (60 lb.) . . . ... .: 194


: 14
: 3,346
: 239
: 184


Average per
Acre Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray & dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . ..
Interest on production capital (6o-5mos.).
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .

Total growing cost . . . . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing cost . .

Total crop cost . . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .....
Net return . . . . . . . .


.:$ 12.38
6.74
96.00
60.05
.: 105.21
42.70
23.09
25.54
24.41
6.74
10.04
2.44
23.27


601b.


13.42 :
8.22 :
88.55 :
66.14 :
108.29 :
49.71a/
20.05 :
29.20
28.12
10.24
10.06
2.81
8.52


. .:$438.61 :$443.33 :$ 2.409


.:$134.31
.: 128.92
.: 106.03
:40.61
:37.66


. . .:$447.53


.:$886. 14
.:$974.53
.:$ 88.39


:$163.96
: 135.48
: 102.23
: 34.18
: 31.74


0.891
.736
.556
.186
.172


:$467.59 :$ 2.541


:$910.92
:1011.00
:$100.08


4.950
5.494
0.544


a/ Reported by 13 growers averaging $53.54 per

Source: Grower records and estimates.


Growing costs:


acre.









Staked Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Manatee-Ruskin Area
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


: 5-Season : 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


49
7,904
161.
348


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .
Interest on production capital (6%-5 mos.) .
Interest on capital invested(other than land).
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre 60 1b.

.:$ 42.14 :$ 38.96 :$
9.04 : 6.52
.: 119.30 : 167.83
80.88 : 112.90
.: 228.68 : 273.48
9.30 : 22.68a/:
31.27 :35.50 :
34.94 : 55.20
35.97 : 55.46
20.32 : 33.96
15.24 :20.14
3.60 : 5.55
33.54 :58.47


Total growing cost . . . . . .... .:$664.22 :$886.65 :$ 1.940

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor. . . . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . . . . .
Containers . . . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . . . . .


. :$191.25 :$255.07
.: 264.26 : 462.45
. : 92.21 : 221.60
S: 41.99 : 58.59
: 67.31 : 69.17


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . . .. :$757.02 :$1066.88 :$ 2.335


Total crop cost. . . . . . . . . $1421.24 :$1953.53
Crop sales . . . . . . . .... . .$1758.64 :$2073.33
Net return . . . . . . . .... . $.337.40 :$ 119.80


a/ Reported by 10 growers averaging $27.22 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Item


12
1,910
159
457


0.558
1.012
.485
.128
.152


4.275
4.537
0.262


~ _~__ ._







Revised 32


Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward trea
5-Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65, and 1961-66


:5-Season:
* Airrnoro


1963-66


Number of growers . . ..
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (60 Ib.)
Growing Costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . .:$
Seed. . . . . . . . . .. .:
Fertilizer. . . . . ...... .
Spray and dust. . . . . . ... .
Cultural labor. . . . . . .
llachine hire. .. . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . .
Depreciation. . .. . . . . . ...
Licenses and insurance. . ... . .
Interest on production capital (67-5 mos.). .:
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense ..... . :


56 :
6,692 :
119 :
542 :


Acre
60.91
11.0
313.0
182.3
844.7
59.2
43.0'
62.8
56.4'
35.9
43.4
5.6
125.5


17
3,265
192
513


Average per
Acre
0 :$ 48.78 :
8 : 13.42
2 : 293.96
2 : 172.35
2 : 923.74
3 : 44.40a/
4 : 42.70 :
3 : 55.33 :
9 : 45.81:
3 : 57.92 :
7 : 43.50 :
5 : 4.58 :
6 : 87.54 :


Total growing cost. .. . . . . . . :$1,844.24 :$1,834.03 : $ 3.575

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor . . . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . . . ..
Containers. . .. . . . .. .
Hauling .. . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .. . . . .


.:$ 511.87 :$
707.31 :
517.96 :
79.54 :
.: 174.32 :


Total harvesting and marketing cost . . . .:$1,991.00 :$1,738.13 : $ 3.388

Total crop cost . . . . . . :$3,835.24 :$3,572.16 : $ 6.963
Crop sales. . . . . . . . .:$4,135.06 :$3,319.01 : $ 6.470
Net return. . . .... . . . .:$ 299.82 :$ -253.15 : $-0.493


a/ Reported by 16 growers averaging $47.17 per acre.

Source: Grower records and estimates.
DLB/gh Rev. 5/15/67 500


Item


60 lb.


487.35 :
572.00 :
457.93 :
68.84 :
152.01 :


$ 0.950
1.115
.893
.134
.296


__


ca~












Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area
5-Season Average 1960-1961 to 1964-65 and 1965-66


Item : -Season 1965-66
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


56
5,692
119
542


Growing Costs:


Average per
Acre Acre


17
3,265
192
513


60 lb.


. . . . :$ 60.90:$ 48.78 :


Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . .. ....
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . .. .
Repair and maintenance . . . .
Depreciation . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . .
Interest on production capital(6%-5 mos.).


Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense. . . .


than land).
. . .


Total growing cost. .. . . .....


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor. . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . . .


. C t


Total harvesting and marketing cost ..


Total crop cost . . . ..
Crop sales . . . . ...
Net return. . . . . .


'11.08:
313.02:
182.32:
844.72:
59.23:
43.04:
62.83:
56.49:
35.93:
43.47:
5.65:
125.56:


13.42 :
293.96 :
172.35 :
923.74 :
44.40a/
42.70 :
55.33 :
45.81:
57.92
43.50
4.58
87.54


. .. :$1,844.24:$1834.03 :$ 3.575


:$ 511.87:$
: 707.31:
: 517.96:
: 79.54:
: 174.32:


355.33 :$
467.68 :
457.93 :
68.84 :
152.01 :


0.693
.912
.893
.134
.296


. :$1,991.00:$1501.79 :$ 2.928


:$3,835.24:$3335.82 :$ 6.503
:$4,135.06:$3319.01 :$ 6.470
:$ 299.82:$ -16.81 :$-0.033


Source: Grower record and estimates.


.Land rent. . . .


a/ Reported by 16 growers averaging $47?17 per acre.


I-"--~------


"











~












Watermelons
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area
5 Season Average 1960-61 to 1964-65 and 1965-66

It : 5-Season : 1965-66
Item : Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (cwt)


* .........................
........................................................................


Growing costs:


65
8,866
136
252


Acre


14
2,601
186
176


Average per
Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . .... :. $ 12.89 :$ 13.21
Seed . . . . . . . . .. .: 5.62 : 4.56
Fertilizer . . . . .. . . . 88.56 : 103.96
Spray and dust . . . . . .... .: 49.51 : 52.78
Cultural labor . . . . . .... : 88.99 :92.16
Machine hire . . . . . . . : 32.76 : 32.86a/:
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . .: 17.44 15.33
Repair and maintenance . . . .... .: 1.8.25 :21.44
Depreciation . . . . . .... .: 1..69 21.16
Licenses and insurance . . . .. .: 4.53 9.11
Interest on production capital(6%-5 mos.). .: 8.25 : 8.83
Interest on capital invested(other than land) 1.87 : 2.12
Miscellaneous expense ..... . ... : 11.20 : 7.90


Total growing cost . . . . .... .:$358.56


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Packing labor . . . . .
Materials . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. . :$ 28.90
. . : 13.74
. . : 9.54
. . : 55.92
. . : 6.62
. . : 38.00


Total harvesting and marketing cost. . . :$152.72


:$385.42 :$2.190


:$ 19.35 :$0.110
12.33 : .070
8.62 :.049
43.80 :.249

44.34 .252

:$128.44 :$0.730


Total crop cost . . . .....
Crop sales . . . . . .. .
Net return . . . . . . .


. . $511.28
.. .. :$561.54
.. .. :$ 50.26


a/ Reported by 12 growers averaging $38.33 per acre.

Source: Grower records and estimates.

DLB:gh 2/9/67
Exp. Sta., Ag. Ec. 1,100


cwt.


:$513.86
:$350.55
$-163.31


:$2.920
:$1.992
$-0.928




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