• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Map of Florida vegetable producing...
 Foreword and acknowledgments
 Definitions
 Costs and returns data














Group Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons (Economic information report)
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076936/00014
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida. Food and Resource Economics Dept.
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1964-1965
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began: v. 4 (1948/1949).
Numbering Peculiarities: Isues are cummulative from the 1945/1946 season until v.5 (1949/1950); Agricultural Economics series (<1948/1949>-1951/1952, Agricultural Economics mimeo report (1952/1953-1964/1965), Economics mimeo report (1965/1966-<1967/1968>), Ag. econ. report (<1969/1970->, Economics report (-1972/1973), Economic information report (1973/1974-<1975/1976>)
General Note: Description based on first issue; title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1977.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076936
Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03425969
lccn - 76368517
issn - 0149-0613
 Related Items
Preceded by: Per acre costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Map of Florida vegetable producing areas
        Page ii
    Foreword and acknowledgments
        Page iii
    Definitions
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Costs and returns data
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
Full Text
Agricultural Economics Mimeo Report EC 66-10


COSTS AND RETURNS


from



VEGETABLE CROPS IN FLORIDA


SEASON 1964-1965
With Comparisons




by
Donald L. Brooke


Agricultural Economist










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
Gainesville, Florida


February, 1966









TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
Map of Florida Vegetable Producing Areas . ii
Foreword and Acknowledgments ....... . iii
Definitions. . . * * * iv

Costs and Returns Data

Beans, Snap ...... . * * 1- 3
Beans, Pole . . . *
Cabbage ....... . .... . . . 5- 7
Celery. ............ .. ......... 8-10
Corn, Sweet ...... . * 11-13
Cucumbers .. .... . . 14-15

Eggplant. . . . . .... . 16
Leaf Crops. . ... . *. .. 17-18
Peppers, Green. .... . . . . 19-20
Potatoes, Irish . ........ 21-24
Squash. . . ..... . 25-27
Tomatoes. ....... ........ 28-32


Watrmeon a a aa aC aa aa


Watermelons. .









K ,19 I
'sI, i I


F
VEGETAB
With Princip


1 Dade tomato
potatoes, s
2 Pompano sna
cucumbers,
3 Immokalee-Lee
squash, Iri
4 Everglades -
escarole, c
5 Fort Pierce -
6 Wauchula cu
7 Sarasota ce
8 Manatee-Ruskl
watermelons
9 Plant City -
pole beans,
10 Sumter cuci
watermelons
11 Zellwood s
lettuce, sr
12 Sanford-Oviec
lettuce, es
13 Oxford-Belles
14 Mclntosh-Isl
cabbage, 1(
15 Alachua snc
Irish potal
16 Hastings Ii
17 Starke-Brook
cucumbers,
18 Quincy-Havan.
19 Escambia I


" - -". . I,- I -.-




r 16
I VI I_- -


L R I D AI
LORIDA -I
LE PRODUCING AREAS \ .
al Vegetables Produced r- r

es, snap and pole beans, Irish 1 \
quash, cucumbers, strawberries ---' t
Lp beans, peppers, eggplant, 10
squash, tomatoes /-
S- tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, -
sh potatoes, watermelons
snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage, / '
celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
Tomatoes, watermelons ,
8
cumbers, tomatoes, watermelons .i '
ilery, radishes, lettuce, cabbage '. .
7--
in tomatoes, cabbage, cauliflower, 7 i6 -

strawberries, peppers, squash,
southern peas, okra
embers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce, ,-
s
weet corn, celery, escarole,
iap beans, radishes' 2
lo cabbage, celery, snap beans, ---
scarole, sweet corn, peppers
view-Lowell tomatoes, watermelons
and Grove squash, snap beans, celery, ,
lettuce, watermelons
ap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
toes, watermelons
rish nntatnoes abahh


-" -'---'--- -----o"
er-Lake Butler snap and lima beans,
peppers, squash, strawberries
a pole beans, cucumbers, squash
rish potatoes










FOREWORD


This is the fifth in a new series of summaries of costs and returns
from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in Florida.
There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit agencies, research
workers and teachers for current factual information of this type.

Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with growers
of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual production costs
were used when available, and estimates taken when records were not kept.
As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was obtained from each grower.
Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting costs have been separated and
labor items excluded from costs of materials. In a few cases where crop sales
were not available from growers, they were computed on the basis of average
prices received for the crop as reported by the Florida Crop and Livestock
Reporting Service, U.S.D.A., Orlando, Florida.















ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable
growers for their excellent cooperation, to the Florida Fruit and Vegetable
Association, Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A.,
Orlando, Florida, and to various county agents for much worthwhile assistance.







DEFINITIONS

Number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates of crop
costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose records
or estimates were used. When a part of the planted acreage was lost soon
after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage was used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular crop
divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre
harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged for
all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in the area.
This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a normal valuation,
interest charge for use of land and capitalization of land values in a period
of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real estate are excluded
since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants for
planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include costs of
labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless other-
wise noted.

Fertilizer: This represents the actual cost of nutrient materials
applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine costs of application are not
included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials only,
unless application labor is specified in which case some machine costs may
also be present.If weed control chemicals or soil fumigants were used, their
cost also is included here.

Cultural labor: This item contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready for
harvest. It does not include supervision by the operator, since his compen-
sation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of the crop.

Machine hire: The cost of machine work hired, including use of air-
planes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor
charge for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease: The cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop is included in this item.

Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of repairs to
equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools such
as hoes, rakes and shovels purchased and charged off as a current expenditure.








Depreciation: This includes the annual charge for depreciation and
obsolescence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation
charges could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The cost of licenses and insurance items when
chargeable to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks and autos
used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance and fire or
windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It does not include health
or accident insurance of the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital was
charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number of months
required to grow and market the crop regardless of whether or not much
production capital was actually borrowed. This percentage was used because
it is believed to be the normal interest rate. It is realized that pro-
duction capital may be obtained at times from certain government organi-
zations at a lower rate, but seldom can growers secure capital at lower rates
when dealing with commercial banks or individuals.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): Interest was charged
at 6 percent of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value of the
capital invested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed that all
equipment was presently worth one-half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as office supplies,
administrative expense other than value of operators management, legal and
audit fees, telephone and telegraph and incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing labor: Where possible, harvesting and
marketing labor has been divided into two items: (1) picking and (2) grading
and packing. Picking, cutting or digging labor includes actual cost of
harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to packinghouse or wash
house. Washing or grading and packing labor includes preparation of the
product for shipment either at field house or packinghouse. Where this is
done for such crops as snap beans in the Everglades and in Dade County and
for tomatoes, celery and Irish potatoes in most locations, it is a contract
charge and includes machinery and overhead costs in addition to labor. The
same is usually true for all crops in all areas where grading and packing
is done off the farm in packinghouses.

Containers: Includes the cost for hampers, crates, bags or baskets
in which the product is moved to market.

Hauling: Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field to
packinghouse or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis
and includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was performed
by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from production
labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible.







Other: The cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment or,
for watermelons, the cost of government inspection prior to shipment or sale.
Inspection fees on other crops, when incurred, are included in packinghouse
charges and are not reported as a separate item.

Selling: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from the
producer's price. This cost does not include charges for unloading, grading,
packing, etc.

Crop sales: Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before
deduction of growing, harvesting and marketing costs. These differ from
U.S.D.A. data by the amount of the selling cost.

Net return: Return to the producer after deduction of all expenses
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertilizer,
spray and dust, airplane application, and harvesting and marketing costs,
growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the appropriate
charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the different
crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the grower
except in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The total
cultural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most cases, pro-
rated to the various crops on the basis of available data developed at the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to man hours required,
in various parts of the state, to produce different crops from land prep-
aration to harvest. A similar situation also applies to such items as
machine hire, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and other
production costs where,except in very few cases, records had not been kept
as to their respective charges to different crops. Prorations were also
made of these items on the basis of available data. (D. L. Brooke, Fla. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Bul. 660, June 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item. This
applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading and
packing, containers, hauling, and precooling. Thus, these costs are based
only on the over-all average for all growers contacted in each area, and
footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and average
costs for items not incurred by all growers in the area.


Per-Unit data: Per-unit costs and returns were comuted by dividing
the average yield per acre in the area into the various items of cost
shown in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the data
recorded and, in many cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing the
service because some growers may not have incurred every item of cost.











Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item


: 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. .. .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


36
12,103
336
99


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . .:
Seed . . .. . . . .. :
Fertilizer. . . ....... . .
Spray and dust. . . . ... . .:
Cultural labor. . . . . . :
Machine hire. . . .. . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . :
Depreciation. . . . . ....... :
Licenses and insurance. . . . ... :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


Average per
Acre Acre
18.76 :$ 25.26
16.14 : 16.57
12.44 : 13.13-/:
6.20 : 10.62
11.73 : 13,00
1.66 : .63a
7.15 : 4.54
10.16 : 13.09
6.24 : 5.11
3.35 : 5.03
1.83 : 2.17
.62 : .51
4.27 : 6.90


Total growing cost. . . .. . . . :$100.55 :$116.56

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Unit


:$0.971


Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


:$ 82.51
: 21.81
:23.13
: 7.58
: 9.94


.. . :$144.97


:$245.52
:$231.57
:$-13.95


-/Reported by 6 and 5 growers averaging
respectively.

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$15.32 and $0.88


: 7
: 1,866
: 267
: 120


:$113.96
S24.62
S27.19
S19.63
13.52

:$198.92

:$315.48
:$323.86
:$ 8.38


:$0.950
: .205
: .226
: .164
: .113

:$1.658

:$2.629
:$2.699
:$0.070


per acre,



r





. . . .











Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach Broward Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item : 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower ..
Average yield per acre (bushels).


48
28,809
600
97


9
5,890
654
92


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . .. . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .....
Licenses and insurance. . . . .
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .


Total growing cost. . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . ..

Total harvesting and marketing.

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return. . . . .


Acre
:$ 19.9(
17.8
S37.0(
S11.0
S25.6:
6.1l
10.2
13.1
8.52
4.9
3.0;
: .8
6.2(


Average per
Acre
0 :$ 26.99
5 : 18.56
S: 37.31
S: 10.31
S: 26.16 ,
8 : 5.162:
7 : 9.68
2 : 11.02
3 : 7:49
7 : 5.99
5 : 3.12
5 : .75
6 : 5.18


. ..... :$164.67 :$167.72


$ 86.46
36.17
9.62
9.59


83.50
35.49
8.75
8.94


. . . . :$141.84 :$136.68


:$306.51
:$327.32
:$ 20.81


:$304.40
:$321.49
:$ 17.09


- Reported by 8 growers averaging $5.81 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit

















$1.823


:$0.908
:.386
: .095
: .097

:$1.486

:$3.309
:$3.494
:$0.185


:


...



















Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item : 4-Season 94-6
Item 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . .. : $
Seed . . . . . . .. :
Fertilizer. . . .. . . . :
Spray and dust. . . . ... . .. :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . .:
Machine hire. . . . . . . . .:
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . :
Depreciation. . . . . . .:
Licenses and insurance. . . . .:
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .. :


Acre
23.59
22.83
52.52
12.83
22.26
.26
6.06
9.01
8.41
3.81
3.20
.84
6.76


Average per
Acre

: $ 26.85 :
: 18.70 :
: 49.40 :
: 11.65 :
: 13.85 :


7.30
11.00
9.10
2.11
2.90
.91
4.08


Total growing cost . . . . . .. : $172.38 : $157.85 : $1.006

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . ...
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. .


$102.03
41.39
6.12
14.36


$178.35
60.68
16.05
17.18


$1.136
.387
.102
.109


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $163.90 : $272.26 : $1.734


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . .


$336.28
$316.01
$-20.27


$430.11
$631.76
$201.65


$2.740
$4.024
$1.284


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


r

n










Pole Beans
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item .4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


29
10,125
349
225


8
2,731
341
228


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . .
Seed. . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire . . .
Gas, oil and grease . .
Repair and maintenance.
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance. .
Interest on production cap
Interest on capital invest
Miscellaneous expense .


Average per
Acre Acre
. . . . . :$ 40.47 :$ 35.41
. . . . : 19.54 : 21.83
. . . . 48.72 : 60.93
. . . . 28.24 : 34.49
. . . . : 122.91 :145.60
. . . . : 7.22 : 7.23a
S. ..... : 11.28 : 10.32
. . . . .. : 14.31 : 15.79
. . . . . : 11.51 : 11.35
S. . . . . : 8.43 : 8.08
ital (67 4 mos.) : 6.51 : 7.41
ed (other than land): 1.15 : 1.14
. . . . . : 24.41 : 30.63


Total growing cost. . . . . . . . :$344.70 :$390.21

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . . .


... :$129.69
. . : 81.48
. . : 22.61
.. : 30.46


:$137.04
:86.07
: 22.98
:33.00


Total harvesting and marketing . . . . :$264.24 :$279.09


Total crop cost. . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


S. . :$608.94
S. . :$652.11
. . . :$ 43.17


:$669.30
:$698.32
:$ 29.02


Unit
















:$1.712


:$0.601
.377
.101
.145

:$1.224

:$2.936
:$3.063
:$0.127


a/
- Reported by 7 growers averaging $8.27 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.










Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65

: 4-Season :
Item 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . ...
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (50 lbs)


26
4,903
189
322


11
1,518
138
161


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed. . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . .. .. . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . ........
Repair and maintenance . .. . ...
Depreciation . . .. . ..
Licenses and insurance . . . . . .
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .

Total growing cost. . . . . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . ...
Selling . . . . . .


Acre
:$ 18.12
S 8.19
S24.71
23.39
S52.44
S 1.24
10.6(
S17.4(
9.01
5.0!
3.3!
S .91
6.5(


Average per
Acre
S:$ 29.15
S13.58
L : 18.87
S24.52
S: 55.29
2: 2.1 Q
0 : 9.02
6 : 14.60
S: 10.05
S: 6.81
5 : 3.58
L : 1.00
S: 4.88


:$181.04 :$193.45


:$ 68.00
: 120.95
:17.99
:29.14


33,78
65.74
13.01
17.73


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . .


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . .


a/Reported by 7 growers averaging
- Reported by 7 growers averaging


:$236.08 :$130.26


:$417.12
:$554.19
:$137.07


:$323.71
:$260.21
:$-63.50


$3.30 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit

















:$ 1.202


0.210
.408
.081
.110


:$ 0.809

:$ 2.011
:$ 1.616
:$-0.395



r
















Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
Iem : Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.) .


62
5,731
92
357


15
1,624
108
386


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed and seedbed . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital


Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


(67. 4 mos.) :
. , , : $
. . - :
. .. .o :
S.. e o c :
. . . :






(6% 4 mos.) :


than land):


Average per
Acre Acre
25.82 : $ 29.84
20.57 : 25.08
65.35 : 70.80
17.40 : 18.33
57.30 : 62.19
1.70 : 1.95-
9.96 : 7.40
14.21 : 15.79
12.81 : 12.80
4.52 : 5.62
4.43 : 4.85
1.28 : 1.28
4.76 : 5.69


Total growing cost. . .. . . . . ... : $240.11 : $261.62 : $0.678

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


a
* a *


$ 53.94
110.39
6.72
47.18


$ 58.05 :
134.56 :
8.71a/:
53.37 :


$0.150
.349
.023
.138


Total harvesting and marketing. ....... : $218.23 : $254.69 : $0.660


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . ... ...
Net return. . . . . . .


S. . : $458.34
.... : $591.49
. .. .: $133.15


$516.31
$510.59
$ -5.72


$1.338
$1.323
$-0.015


-/Reported by 11 growers averaging $2.66 and $11.88 per acre, respectively.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


...








Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers ... . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.)


48
3,360
70
443


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .... . :
Seed and seedbed. . ........ :
Fertilizer. . . . . .. .. :
Spray and dust. . .... :
Cultural labor. . . . :
Machine hire. . . . ......... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. ...... . . :
Depreciation. . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . ..... :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . :


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. ..

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . ..
Net return . . . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre
32.05 : $ 35.32 :
20.33 : 23.50 :
87.98 : 81.18 :
33.27 : 21.14 :
62.16 : 75.67 :
.54 :
11.17 : 10.80 :
15.68 : 14.44 :
14.82 : 10.79 :
4.85 : 3.42 :
5.50 : 5.41:
1.48 : 1.08 :
6.93 : 5.24 :


Unit


... . : $296.76 : $287.99 : $0.668


.... : $ 79.82 : $ 7.72 : $u.1
.. .. : 152.02 : 172.38 : .400
. . . : 20.16 : 27.06 : .063
.. .. : 50.36 : 55.39 : .129

S. ... : $302.36 : $332.55 : $0.772

S. . . : $599.12 : $620.54 : $1.440
...... : $657.31 : $736.39 : $1.709
... .. : $ 58.19 : $115.85 : $0.269


Source: Grower records and estimates.


14
934
67
431


'^ '^^


`^ ^^










Celery
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
Itm: Average :


Number of growers . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (crates)


47
7,320
156
628


9
1,874
208
650


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . .
Cultural labor. . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . . ..
Interest on production capital (67
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


o
* .
. .
.
.
* .
* .
. .
* .
* .
- 5 m
than
. .


Acre

S. : $ 38.5:
. . : 42.1:
. . : 139.74
. . : 56.8(
. . : 172.01
. . : 4.11
. . : 19.9
. . : 30.1
. . : 28.1
. . : 15.2
ios.) : 13.4
land): 2.8
. . : 20.6


Average per
Acre

L : $ 35.65
3 : 52.11
S 111.59
3 : 68.39
6 : 163.05
5
7 : 14.84
2 : 23.52
2 : 20.30
2 : 23.71
8 : 12.84
1: 2.03
7 : 20.64


Total growing cost. . . ..

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. .... : $ 583.78 : $ 548.67 : $0.844


Cutting and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . .. .. .


$
0
0




Total harvesting and marketing. . . . .. : $ 798.67 : $ 934.12 : $1.437


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales .. . . . ..
Net return . ... . . .


. 0 0 * *


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


306.39
267.52
36.85
92.63
95.28


$ 374.38
284.81
58.62
104.33
111.98


$0.576
.438
.090
.161
.172


$1382.45
$1617.78
$ 235.33


$1482.79
$1678.47
$ 195.68


$2.281
$2.582
$0.301










Celery
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower ..
Average yield per acre (crates)


34
29,712
874
574


9
7,803
867
591


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . .
Seed and seedbed . .
Fertilizer. . . .
Spray and dust . .
Cultural labor. . .
Machine hire. . . .
Gas, oil and grease .
Repair and maintenance.
Depreciation. . . .
Licenses and insurance.


.. .

* . .
* . . .. .

. . . .
* . . .
.. . .


Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . .

Total growing cost. . . . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing . . . .


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


Average per
Acre Acre

:$ 23.89 :$ 24.55
: 28.87 : 46.35
S96.29 : 114.94
S 72.22 : 121.47
: 139.94 : 164.77
: 1.82 : 3.28.'
S26.56 : 20.52
: 42.21 : 42.07
S20.64 : 22.94
S 12.52 : 20.42
: 11.62 : 14.71
S 2.06 : 2.29
S 20.67 : 29.93

:$ 499.31 :$ 628.24


198.13
243.86
33.29
85.16
72.11


240.01
281.52
44.44
92.47
79.20


:$ 632.55 :$ 737.64


:$1131.86
:$1471.72
:$ 339.86


:$1365.88
:$1476.04
:$ 110.16


/ Reported by 4 growers averaging $7.38 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


:$1.063


:$0.406
:.476
:.075
:.157
:.134

:$1.248

:$2.311
:$2.497
:$0.186


r

















Celery
Costs and Returns in the West Coast Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season :1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


17
1,688
99
761


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . . . . . . : $
Seed. . . . . . . . .:
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . . . ....... :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . :
Machine hire. . . . .. . . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . ... :
Depreciation ... . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. .. . .. :
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . ... :


Average per
Acre Acre
43.29 : $ 51.16
60.28 : 58.29
133.25 : 144.49
62.57 : 115.33
247.30 : 273.13


43.94
35.22
34.73
25.16
17.66
3.47
55.49


53.15
94.60
42.97
52.14
22.75
4.30
67.70


Total growing cost . . . . . : $ 762.36 : $ 980.01 : $1.271

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . . .
Containers. . . . . . . .
Hauling . .. . . . ..
Other . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .. . .

Total harvesting and marketing. . .


Total crop cost . .... . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


248.92
329.00
28.76
108.01
100.88


$ 389.40
314.70
33.56
119.58
73.08


. . : $ 815.57 : $ 930.32 : $1.207


. *


$1577.93
$2058.94
$ 481.01


: $1910.33
: $2124.94
: $ 214.61


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$0.505
.408
.044
.155
.095


$2.478
$2.756
$0.278


.... $













Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


60
63,737
1,062
152


20
18,146
907
154


Growing costs:


Land rent . .. . . . . .... :
Seed. . . . . .. . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust. ... . . . . . :
Cultural labor. . . .. . . . :
Machine hire. . . . . . .. :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .:
Repair and maintenance. ........ . :
Depreciation. . . . . . . ... :
Licenses and insurance. . . . .... :
Interest on production capital (67 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):


Miscellaneous expense . .


. . . . . :


Acre
18.49
6.68
30.79
50.21
24.56
1.86
9.23
14.08
7.89
4.44
3.34
.79
6.56


Average per
Acre

$ 24.22
5.95
32.37
62.36
27.21 :
1.76a-
7.24
15.14
8.33
6.31
3.82
.83
8.55


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor o .
Containers. . . . .. .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . .. . .


. . . . : $178.92 : $204.09


$ 43.50
51.91
9.32
22.58
16.73


$ 48.61
54.96
13.72
23.44
19.20


. . . . : $144.04 : $159.93


$322.96
$343.50
$ 20.54


$364.02
$393.61
$ 29.59


: $1.325


: $0.316
.357
.089
.152
.125

: $1.039

:$2.364
:$2.556
:$0.192


a/Reported by 12 growers averaging $2


.93 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


ooo
~





se
o
s










Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Lower East Coast Area,
Seasons 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 1963-64 1964-65
:


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


4
2,686
672
140


5
2,982
596
164


Growing costs:


Land rent . . .
Seed . . . .


. . . . . . : $


Fertilizer . . .. . . . .:
Spray and dust. . . . . . . . :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . :
Machine hire. . . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . :
Depreciation. . . . ........ :
Licenses and insurance . . . . :
Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):


Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . ..
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. . .


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. . .


Average per
Acre Acre
40.82 : $ 41.49
7.12 : 7.52
55.60 : 69.41
41.74 : 58.09
26.29 35.10 :
.71- 6.77-a
7.65 : 12.49
14.56 : 21.96
11.50 : 13.54
6.76 : 11.62
4.32 : 5.85
1.15 : 1.35
14.52 : 28.23


. . . . : $232.74 : $313.42


$ 55.02
45.15
10.44
19.92
14.92


. .. : $145.45


$378.19
$468.93
$ 90.74


:$ 52.33
54.30
15.38
24.53
18.89

:$165.43

:$478.85
:$539.27
:$ 60.42


a/Reported by 2 and 3 growers averaging
respectively.

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$1.42 and $11.28 per acre,


Unit
















$1.911


$0.319
.331
.094
.150
.115


: $1.009


$2.920
$3.288
$0.368


:



~C
0*










Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Zellwood Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . ..
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


25
12,526
501
259


6
3,837
640
268


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . . . . . . :
Land rent.................. :
Seed. . . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust. . . . . . .. :
Cultural labor. . . ......... :
Machine hire. . . . . . . .... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance . . . . ... :
Depreciation. . . ........ :
Licenses and insurance . . . . :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .... :


Average per
Acre Acre
$ 25.70 : $ 27.65
8.22 : 5.39
41.15 : 23.82!.:
54.04 : 65.98
30.30 : 26.42
8.12 : 6.13/:
7.93 : 4.81
16.54 : 13.50
8.08 : 7.04
7.64 : 10.13
4.11 : 3.80
.81 : .70
5.79 : 6.29


Total growing cost. ..... . . . .. : $218.43 : $201.66

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . . . .
Containers. .. . . . . .
Hauling ..... .. . . . .. :
Other ........ .. . ... .
Selling . . . . . . . . . :


$ 76.74 :
88.05 :
13.04 :
38.15 :
29.44 :


$ 93.81
92.82
17.94
44.74
34.92


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . .. : $245.42 : $284.23


Total crop cost . . . . ... :
Crop sales. ............. . . :
Net return. ......... .. . . :


$463.85 :
$559.95 :
$ 96.10 :


$485.89
$518.78
$ 32.89


/ Reported by 5 and 2 growers averaging $28.58 and $18.38 per acre,
respectively.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


: $0.753


:$0.350
.346
.067
.167
.130

: $1.060


$1.813
$1.936
$0.123










Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


45
4,218
94
212


Growing costs:


Land rent . ... . . . :
Seed. . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. ......... ... :
Spray and dust. . . . .. :
Cultural labor. . . ....... :
Machine hire. . . ...... . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . :
Depreciation. ............. .:
Licenses and insurance. . . . .
Interest on production capital (67. 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .. :


Average per
Acre Acre
$ 11.52 : $ 16.64
6.01 7.56
96.99 : 106.76
43.61 : 61.16
81.68 :104.19
16.91 : 25.58
16.21 : 16.34
17.86 : 24.83
15.14 : 17.19
4.31: 5.48
7.58 : 9.46
1.51 : 1.72
7.96 : 10.06


Total growing cost . . .. . . . : $327.29 : $406.97

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


$ 90.79
100.75
109.69
31.16
33.69


$109.53
106.19
118.42
41.48
37.45


Total harvesting and marketing. ..


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . ... ..
Net return. . . . . ..


. . . : $366.08 : $413.07


$693.37
$718.45
$ 25.08


$820.04
$857.49
$ 37.45


Source: Grower records and estimates.


6
538
90
234


Unit


: $1.739


$0.468
.454
.506
.177
.160


: $1.765


$3.504
$3.664
$0.160


s~
on
o
ao
u


oocr
oaa
~eao









Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach Broward Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Stern: 4-Season : 1 6
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


25
2,939
117
192


8
1,333
167
158


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed. . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . ..
Spray and dust. . . ....
Cultural labor. . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance. . .
Depreciation. . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . ....
Interest on production capital (67 -
Interest on capital invested (other


S. :
. . . :
. . .








5 mos.) :
than land):


Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


Average per
Acre Acre
$ 31.74 : $ 39.35
8.00 : 8.05
71.20 : 81.05
63.41 : 43.55
58.09 : 61.47
12.71: 8.44a/:
16.55 : 13.61
20.40 : 19.40
10.62 : 10.62 :
6.39 : 12.22
7.52 : 7.48
1.06 : 1.06
12.27 : 12.18


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . . . : $319.96 :


$318.48 : $2.016


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .






r


Total harvesting and marketing. .

Total crop cost . . . ..
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . .


a/
- Reported by 5 growers averaging


. . . . : $306.24 :


$13.50 per acre.




$13.50 per acre.


$626.20
$647.89
$ 21.69


$305.88 : $1.936


$62+.36
$615.01
$ -9.35


$3.952
$3.893
$0.059


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 94.51
71.34
97.82
21.46
21.11


$ 92.85
73.97
100.99
18.72
19.35


$0.588
.468
.639
.119
.122









Eggplant
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Seaso 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


37
1,125
30
549


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . :
Seed. . . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust. .. . . . . . .. :
Cultural labor. .. . .. . . . :
Machine hire. . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease .. . . . . .. :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . .. :
Depreciation. . . . ... . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . . :
Interest on production capital (673 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .. :


Average per
Acre Acre
29.44 : $ 45.38
9.53 : 6.64
190.15 : 172.94
64.97 : 80.91
170.44 : 164.96
21.92 : 25.01
28.03 : 27.50
34.75 : 43.01
25.26 : 24.31
13.71 : 25.26
14.55 : 15.27
2.53 : 2.43
18.93 : 19.23


Total growing cost. ..... . . .: $ 624.21 : $ 652.85 : $1.187

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


.*. :$


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $ 551.56 : $ 593.54 : $1.079


Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . .



Source: Grower records and estimates.


8
284
36
550


Unit


202.51
246.69
52.45
49.91


215.65
267.75
57.43
52.71


$0.392
.487
.104
.096


$1175.77
$1124.39
$ -51.38


$1246.39
$1053.19
$-193.20


$2.266
$1.915
$-0.351



o










Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area,
3-Season Average 1961-62 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 3-Season : 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (crates)


23
1,595
69
393


10
1,045
104
464


Growing costs:


Land rent . . .. .... ... :
Seed. . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . ..... .. . . :
Spray and dust. . . . . .... . :
Cultural labor. . . ........ :
Machine hire. . . . . .... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . :
Depreciation . . .. . . :
Licenses and insurance. .. . . .....:
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land):


Miscellaneous expense .


Acre
$ 28.85
12.53
71.15
14.06
92.39

10.05
16.98
13.42
6.05
5.18
1.34
7.00


Average per
Acre Unit

: $ 17.32 :
: 8.98 :
: 33.86 :
: 15.02 :
: 79.55 :


8.29
13.33
9:39
7.32
3.81
.94
6.92


Total growing cost. .. .. . . . . $279.00 : $204.73 : $0.441

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


$ 80.57
151.44
17.45
56.08
41.60


$ 88.84
172.95
31.75
67.23
32.55


$0.192
.372
.069
.145
.070


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $347.14 : $393.32 : $0.848


Total Crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return. . . . .


. . .
. . . .


Source: Grower records and estimates.


$626.14
$769.56
$143.42


: $598.05
: $869.66
: $271.61


$1.289
$1.874
$0.585






r












Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


tem 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


27
9,486
351
418


9
4,349
483
237


Growing costs:

Land rent .... . . . . . ..... :
Seed. . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . .. ....... :
Spray and dust. ...... . ..... :
Cultural labor. ........... ... * .
Machine hire. . . . .... .. ... :
Gas, oil and grease ..... . .. . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . .
Depreciation. ............. . . . . . .:
Licenses and insurance . . .... :
Interest on production capital (67 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land):


Miscellaneous expense . . . . .


Total growing cost. ... . . . . :


Average per
Acre Acre
$ 19.21 : $ 28.67
5.06 : 7.03
30.13 : 24.68
13.74 : 16.23
50.10 : 56.94
1.47 2.32-'
9.41 9.10
16.31 : 14.65
7.68 : 8.27
4.98 : 8.29
3.12 : 3.49
.77 : .82
5.44 : 6.51


$167.42 :


$187.00 : $0.789


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . . . .
Containers. . . .. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . ..
Other . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. .... ... :

Total crop cost .. .. .. ...... :
Crop sales . . . ... . ...... :
Net return. .......... . .. ... :


$ 81.06
155.41
23.02
60.28
41.68

$361.45

$528.87
$667.56 :
$138.69 :


$ 44.69
92.71
15.99
35.29
23.71

$212.39

$399.39
$337.55
$-61.84


-/Reported by 6 growers averaging $3.48 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$0.189
.391
.067
.149
.100


: $0.896

: $1.685
: $1.424
: $-0..261


. :


. : i
:











Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


39
4,620
118
376


6
1,060
177
334


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . .
Depreciation. . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . . .
Interest on production capital (67 -
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:



* .
5
* ha
* .
. .
. .
. .
* .
. .
5 m
than
* .


Acre

. . : $ 12.5
. . : 17.3
. 137.7:
. . : 55.6;
. . 133.61
S. 31.8(
. . : 32.2;
. . : 35.31
. 34.61
. . 9. 7
os.) 12.01
land): 3.4
. . : 15.5:


. . . : $ 531.81


Average per
Acre

7 : $ 16.38
4 : 19.19
7 : 146.22
2 : 79.21
+ : 137.76
) : 17.89
5 : 31.96
3 : 41.27
5 : 35.66
5 : 13.44
4 : 12.90
7 : 3.57
2 : 12.60


: $ 568.05 : $1.701


Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing..

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


. .

. . .


. . . . : $ 557.52 : $ 526.41 : $1.576


. .


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 124.67
158.54
169.27
50.30
54.74


$ 127.23
147.78
154.81
51.71
44.88


$0.381
.442
.464
.155
.134


$1089.33
$1176.70
$ 87.37


$1094.46
$1068.66
$ -25.80


$3.277
$3.200
$-0.077










Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach Broward Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


67
4,721
70
450


18
2,083
116
343


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance ...
Depreciation. . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. .. .
Interest on production capital (67.-
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . ..

Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers . ... . . .
Hauling . .. . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. . .

Total crop cost . . . . ..
Crop sales. ...... . ....
Net return. . . . . . . .


a/Reported by 17 growers averaging $3
Reported by 17 growers averaging $31


. . . : $
. . . :
. . . :
. . e :






5 mos.
than land):
o o :


Average per
Acre Acre
33.42 : $ 45.82 :
21.49 : 18.91 :
154.06 : 150.14 :
64.78 : 75.67 :
241.48 : 242.46
28.98 : 29.342
32.73 : 29.20 :
39.53 : 42.94 :
29.51 : 27.40 :
16.42 : 25.28 :
16.46 : 17.27 :
2.95 : 2.74 :
25.31 : 30.89 :


. . : $ 707.12 : $ 738.06 :


S S * .


$ 206.66
197.73
45.77
43.66


$ 163.00
154.89
34.20
33.85


Unit


$ 2.152


$ 0.475
.451
.100
.099


... : $ 493.82 : $ 385.94 : $ 1.125

... : $1200.94 : $1124.00 : $ 3.277
... : $1348.96 : $ 978.01 : $ 2.851
... : $ 148.02 : $-145.99 : $-0.426



..07 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.









Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (cwt.) .


37
15,278
413
166


10
5,092
509
149


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . .
Seed. . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . .
Spray and dust. . .
Cultural labor. . .
Machine hire . .
Gas, oil and grease .
Repair and maintenance.
Depreciation. . . .
Licenses and insurance.


. . . .


* 0 * *

0 0 0 0


Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . ... . .

Total growing cost. . . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers. . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . .


Total crop cost . . ...
Crop sales . . . ..
Net return. . .. . .


Acre

$ 44.98
89.32
53.31
36.74
35.84
1.16
10.21
13.55
12.73
9.00
6.06
1.28
8.75


Average per
Acre

:$ 47.85
S111.52
S 55.20
S 40.79
S 43.84
S 2.171.
S 9.30
S 15.83
S 14.92
S 11.16
S 7.06
S 1.49
S 15.33


: $322.93 : $376.46


$ 25.79
85.08
31.62
17.32
27.95


$ 16.56
74.67
24.42
15.95
24.66


: $187.76 : $156.26


$510.69 :
$577.43 :
$ 66.74 :


$532.72
$861.50
$328.78


- Reported by 5 growers averaging


$4.34 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


















$2.527


$0.111
.501
.164
.107
.166


: $1.049

: $3.576
: $5.782
: $2.206


. . . . :


: *
:*


n*















o
so~










Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


* . .
* . ..............
* .


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . .
Seed. . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . .
Spray and dust . . .
Cultural labor . . .
Machine hire. . . .
Gas, oil and grease . .
Repair and maintenance .
Depreciation . .
Licenses and insurance .


Interest on production capital (67. -
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . .


. . . :

. . . :
. . . :
. . :


. . :

. . . :

. . . :
4 mos.)
than land):
. . . :


Acre

$ 18.28
61.34
39.54
23.25
40.10

12.81
19.18
14.28
7.68
4.68
1.42
11.68


Average per
Acre

:$ 27.47
81.65
56.25
35.74
36.08

8.05
12.92
10.75
13.03
5.85
1.08
21.41


Total growing cost. . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Gradi: g and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . .

Total harvesting and marketing..

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return . . .. . .


. ..... : $254.24 : $310.28


. *


$ 30.15
75.78
27.56


20,32
75.61
26, 20


S. . . .o : L3.54 : 17.11
. . 19.87 : 19.12

S. . : $166.90 : $159.02

S. . ... : $'21.14 : $4r.5 30
. . . . : ,.*411.19 : $5'7.81
. . . . : $ -9.95 : $ 48.51


Source: Grower records and estimates.


12
3,188
266
133


3
1,183
394
96


Unit


: $3.232


:$0.212
.788
.273
.185
.199

:$1.657

: $4. C9
:$5.394
$0.505






o


i ....


i .....









Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


ITem: 4-Season : 5
Item 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


87
17,187
198
177


25
5,975
239
161


Growing costs:
Acre
Land rent . . .. .... . . : $ 27.01
Seed. . . . . . . . . . . : 65.05
Fertilizer. . . . . . . .... : 66.44
Spray and dust. . . . . ...... : 12.92
Cultural labor. ... . . . .... : 32.06
Machine hire. . . . . . . . : 2.36
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . ... : 13.87
Repair and maintenance. .... . : 18.36
Depreciation. . . . . ..... : 18.71
Licenses and insurance .. . . . . 6.06
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) : 5.00
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.87
Miscellaneous expense . . . . ... : 5.96

Total growing cost. . . . . . . . : $275.67


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing.

Total crop cost ....
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


Average per
Acre Unit
: $ 31.97
S 73.26
67.83
17.26
33.82 ,
3.32-:
10.81
22.67
S 16.89
6.81
5.51
1.69
S 7.75

: $299.59 : $1.861


. ... : ~.46 : $ 22.05
. . . : 46.15 : 44.35
. . . . : 32.32 : 27.27
. . . . : 21.18 : 21.28
. . : 32.74 : 30.25

. . . . : $157.85 : $145.20


. .
. . . . . . . .


$433.52
$509.51
$ 75.99


$444.79
$745.80
$301.01


:$0.137
.276
.169
.132
.188

:$0.902

: $2.763
:$4.632
: $1.869


- Reported by 15 growers averaging $5.53 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


'^^^'









Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item Sean 1964-65
_: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


17
2,601
153
156


Growing costs:
Acre

Land rent . . . . . . . . . : $ 25.66
Seed. ............... ......... : 76.85
Fertilizer. ......... . . . : 83.93
Spray and dust. . . . . . . . : 25.61
Cultural labor. . . . . . . . : 41.97
Machine hire. . . . . . .. . : 5.87
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . : 15.27
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . : 16.52
Depreciation. . . . . . . : 17.13
Licenses and insurance. ........... : 6.57
Interest on production capital (6%/ 4 mos.) : 6.08
Interest on capital invested (other than land): 1.71
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . . : 5.84


Total growing cost. . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Average per
Acre
: $ 17.70
115.47
101.16
41.26
38.23
3.15-9:
9.31
11.29
9.83
9.76
S 7.13
S .99
S 9.19


. . . : $329.01 : $ 374.47


Picking labor.. . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing..

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return. . . . .


$ 26.11
66.62
29.80
21.52
28.49


37.63
77.72
35.48
27.60
34.08


. . . : $172.54 : $ 212.51

.. ... .. : $501.55 : $ 586.98
S. . . : $536.94 : $1027.50


$ 35.39


$ 440.52


/ Reported by 3 growers averaging


$5.25 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


5
651
130
180


Unit


: $2.080


:$0.209
.432
.197
.153
.190

:$1.181

:$3.261
:$5.708
:$2.447


-----


o



o









Squash
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65

: 4-Season 1964-65
Item Aver1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


26
2,875
111
114


7
828
118
144


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . . .... .. : $
Seed. . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust. . . . ........ .
Cultural labor. . . . . . . . .:
Machine hire. .......... . . . :
Gas, oil and grease . ......... :
Repair and maintenance. . . .. :
Depreciation. . . . . .... . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . .
Interest on production capital (67 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .... :


Acre
28.2
9.4:
49.61
37.8J
30.1i
4.8:
13.9
17.2(
12.5
9.2.
4.21
1.2
9.5


Average per
Acre
2 :$ 28.03
3 : 11.53 :
4 : 53.00
3 : 36.67
8 : 37.49 :
2 : 1.23 /:
S: 13.60
6 : 16.70
7 : 12.87
8 : 9.18
0 : 4.30
6 : 1.29
1: 7.35


Total growing cost. . . . . ... : $228.16 : $233.24


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . . .
Containers . . . . ..... ..
Hauling ....... . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


. : $ 70.58
. : 55.52
. : 11.65
S. : 18.53


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $156.28 : $202.07


Total crop cost . . . . ....... : $384.44 :
Crop sales. . . . . . . . . : $377.21 :
Net return. . . . . . . . .. .: $ -7.23 :



-Reported by 3 growers averaging $2.87 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit
















$1.620


$ 99.48
68.80
14.54
19.25


:$0.691
.478
.101
.133

: $1.403

:$3.023
:$3.217
:$0.194


$435.31
$463.23
$ 27.92


:










Squash
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)..


19
1,810
95
149


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . .. . : $
Seed. . . . ... ... . . .. . :
Fertilizer. . . ..... . . ....... :
Spray and dust. . . . . .. . :
Cultural labor. . . .. . ..... ... :
Machine hire. . . . . ... . .. :
Gas, oil and grease . . . .... ... :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . :
Depreciation. . . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance. ... . ... .. :
Interest on production capital (67. 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):


Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre
11.03 : $ 11.11 :
4.88 : 6.30 :
69.48 : 71.76 :
24.74 : 30.48 :
30.97 : 42.66 :
6.01 : 6.60 :
11.20 : 11.94 :
11.91 : 12.31 :
10.93 : 18.09 :
3.58 : 6.82 :
3.55 : 4.11 :
1.09 : 1.81 :
3.57 : 5.48 :


. . . . : $192.94 : $229.47


Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . ....
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing..

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . ...
Net return . . . . .


$ 39.23
65.92
72.42
18.48
23.40


$ 44.83
95.07
96.99
32.59
25.70


$0.200
.424
.433
.146
.115


. . . : $219.45 : $295.18 : $1.318

S. . : $412.39 : $524.65 : $2.342
S. . . : $464.64 : $619.99 : $2.768
S. . : $ 52.25 : $ 95.34 : $0.426


Source: Grower records and estimates.


3
665
222
224


Unit
















$1.024


:













Squash
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach Broward Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


Growing costs:

Land rent . . . . . . . . : $
Seed. . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . .. . ...... :
Spray and dust. . . . . . .... :
Cultural labor. . . . . . ..... :
Machine hire. . . . . . ...... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . :
Depreciation. . . . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance. . . . . .. :
Interest on production capital (6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . ... :


31
1,191
38
119


Acre
25.52
7.67
53.12
31.98
35.74
12.07
15.71
17.66
13.79
6.43
4.26
1.38
7.40


7
332
47
126


Average per
Acre
: $ 40.59
10.99
51.71
34.64
33.24 :
9.921-:
15.36
23.37
12.04
12.60
4.85
1.20
10.09


Total growing cost. . . . . .. .. : $232.73 : $260.60


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . . . .. :
Containers. ......... . . . . . :
Hauling . . . .. . . . . :
Selling . . . . ........ . . . .


$ 62.64
66.88
13.11
13.57


$ 82.30
64.99
14.95
23.69


Total harvesting and marketing. ..... . : $156.20 : $185.93


Total crop cost . . . . . . :
Crop sales. . . . . . . :
Net return. ... . ... . . . . :


$388.93
$446.86
$ 57.93


$446.53
$430.94
$-15.59


a/Reported by 6 growers averaging $11.58 per acre.
Reported by 6 growers averaging $11.58 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


: $ 2.068


$ 0.653
.516
.119
.188


: $ 1.476

: $ 3.544
: $ 3.420
: $-0*124










Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . ..
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.) .


50
25,580
512
217


13
11,008
847
111


Growing costs:


Land rent .... . . . . . :
Seed. . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust. ..... . . .. :
Cultural labor. . . . . :
Machine hire. . . . ..... :
Gas, oil and grease ............ :
Repair and maintenance. .. . ..... :
Depreciation. . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance . . . . ...
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . . .


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. .


Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . .


Acre
$ 41.06
6.60
124.58
72.84
97.92
9.53
19.39
31.97
22.37
14.90
10.91
2.24
17.50


Average per
Acre
: $ 34.83
7.61
S 130.03
S 76.09
S 91.83
S 4.535/
S 17.03
S 26.48
S 19.82
S 12.94
S 10.29
S 1.98
S 10.44


. .. : $471.81 : $ 443.90


$128.21
126.03
104.31
25.17
35.01


$ 70.87
72.02
59.61
14.02
21.31


o .: $418.73 : $ 237.83


$890.54
$929.36
$ 38.82


$ 681.73
$ 556.19
$-125.54


- Reported by 8 growers averaging $7.37

ZSurce: Crower recc:rds and ctimates.


Unit


: $ 3.999


$ 0.639
.649
.537
.126
.192


: $ 2.143

: $ 6.142
: $ 5.011
: $-1.131


per acre.


o




~or










Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Ft, Pierce Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


62
17,515
282
196


8
2,705
338
218


Growing costs:


Land rent . . .


Seed. . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. ............... :
Spray and dust. . . . . . . . .:
Cultural labor. . . . ...... .
Machine hire. . . . . . . ... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance. . .. .... :
Depreciation. . . . . .. . . .
Licenses and insurance. ....... . :
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Acre
$ 11.93 :
5.64 :
93.16 :
60.92 :
130.42 :
46.93 :
25.93 :
37.19
22.63 :
8.15
10.90 :
2.26 :
15.83 :


Average per
Acre
$ 11.01
6.10
91.10
60.26
123.47
58.71
20.89
30.93
24.26
10.93
10.82
2.43
19.42


. . . : $471.89 : $ 470.33 : $2.158


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing.

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return . . . . .


$123.41 :
124.67 :
102.45 :
40.20 :
34.73 :


. . : $425.46 : $ 498.05 : $2.284


. . . .
.r
. .. . .


$897.35 :
$950.48 :
$ 53.13 :


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 152.86
134.51
116.28
52.79
41.61


$0.701
.617
.533
.242
.191


$ 968.38
$1284.43
$ 316.05


$4.442
$5.892
$1.450





o










Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. ..
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


45
8,866
197
200


8
2,190
274
168


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . ... : $
Seed . . . .. . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . ... . ... . . :
Spray and dust. . . . . .... :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . :
Machine hire. .. . . . . .. .. :
Gas, oil and grease .......... .. :
Repair and maintenance. . . .. .... :
Depreciation. . .. .. . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. . ........ :
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . .... :


Total growing cost. . . .. .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Acre
12.29
5.96
91.64
55.40
98.03
37.09
23.99
24.92
25.15
6.14
9.37
2.51
19.40


Average per
Acre
$ 12.75 :
S 9.83 :
S113.44 :
S78.66 :
S133.93 :
S65.14 :
S19.51:
S 28.03 :
S21.46 :
S 9.14 :
S12.73 :
S 2.15 :
S38.72 :


. .. : $411.89 : $545.49 : $3.247


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


esoao
r
or~
JeD
oo


Total harvesting and marketing, .


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return . . . . .


$138.94
134.28
110.01
42.67
39.17


$115.81
107.45
90.09
32.38
31.62


$0.689
.640
.536
.193
.188


o.. : $465.07 : $377.35 : $2.246


$876.96
$974.47
$ 97.51


: $922.84
: $974.74
: $ 51.90


: $5.493
: $5.802
: $0.309


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


n

~


I O










Staked Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Manatee-Ruskin Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65


Item : 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .. .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


39
6,234
159
322


10
1,670
167
451


Growing costs:


Land rent . . ......... : $
Seed. .. . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust. . . . . . . ... :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . ... :
Machine hire. . . . . . . ... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance. . . . .... :
Depreciation. . . . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance. .......... :
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre
41.30 : $ 45.51
8.97 : 9.32
113.53 : 142.38
73.87 : 108.91
215.19 : 282.65
6.66 : 19.82
30.51 : 34.33
32.33 : 45.39
31.00 : 55.83
18.77 : 26.57
14.26 : 19.14
3.10 : 5.58
29.27 : 50.60


S. . : $ 618.76 : $ 846.03 : $1.876


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .



o
o
o



Total harvesting and marketing. . . . .. : $ 693.65 : $1010.48 : $2.240


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . .
Net return . . . . .


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 180.27
239.12
172.47
39.99
61.80


$ 235.20
364.78
271.16
49.97
89.37


$0.521
.809
.601
.111
.198


$1312.41
$1556.60
$ 244.19


$1856.51
$2566.76
$ 710.25


$4.116
$5.691
$1.575


I~--I-----


. 1 0 . :










Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach -
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64


Broward Area,
and 1964-65


: 4-Season :
Item 4-Season 1964-65
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)


37
3,938
106
542


Growing costs:


Land rent ................. : $
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . .. . . . . :
Spray and dust. . .. . ... .. :
Cultural labor. . . . . .. .:
Machine hire . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . .. :
Repair and maintenance.. . . . .... :
Depreciation. . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . .:
Interest on production capital (6% 5 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .. :


Total growing cost. . . . ...


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .. .
Grading and packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. .. .


Total crop cost . . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . .
Net return. . . . . . ..


Average per
Acre Acre
58.74 : $ 69.57
10.10 : 14.97
308.59 : 330.76
181.97 : 183.71
801.10 : 1019.15
54.90 : 76.56: /
42.32 : 45.93
59.99 : 74.20
57.06 : 54.21
33.17 : 46.97
41.90 : 49.74
5.70 : 5.42
124.97 : 127.94


. . : $1780.51 : $2099.13


$ 516.98
720.12
529.32
79.82
173.78


$ 491.39
656.10
472.54
78.39
176.48


. . : $2020.02 : $1874.90


$3800.53
$4105.18
$ 304.65


$3974.03
$4254.52
$ 280.49


- Reported by 17 growers averaging $85.57

Source: Grower records and estimates.


19
2,753
145
542


Unit


: $3.873


: $0.907
S1.210
.872
.145
.325

:$3.459

: $7.332
:$7.850
: $0.518


per acre.


. . . :


. . :










Watermelons
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
4-Season Average 1960-61 to 1963-64 and 1964-65

Item: 4-Season : 1964-65
Item : Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. .
Average yield per acre (cwt.)


48
6,243
130
254


17
2,623
154
241


Growing costs:


Land rent ..... .. . :
Seed . .. . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . .. . .. . :
Spray and dust.. ..... ....... .
Cultural labor. . . a . ... :
Machine hire. . . . . .. ... :
Gas, oil and grease . . ..... :
Repair and maintenance. . . . ..... :
Depreciation. . .. . . . :
Licenses and insurance. ........... :
Interest on production capital (67 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . ... :


Acre
$ 12.60
5.46
87.65
49.98
93.00
31.78
18.30
18.69
19.17
4.51
8.35
1.92
12.09


Average per
Acre
: $ 14.04
S 6.28
S 92.20
S 47.64 :
S 72.92
S 36.68a/:
S 14.03
S 16.50 :
S 16.74
4.62
S 7.82
1 .67
S 7.68


Total growing cost. . .... .. : $363.50 : $338.82


Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking labor . . . .
Packing labor . . . .
Materials . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing..


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . ..
Net return . . . . .


* r a *


a/Reported by 15 growers averaging $38.98

Sour-e: Grower records and estimates.

DLB:ba 2/10/66
Ex-. Sta,, Ag. Ec. 1,100


Unit
















$1.406


$ 28.80
13.80
9.38
57.82
8.28
34.63


$ 29.30
13.49
10.17
48.31

51.49


: $152.76


$491.58
$487.55
$ -4.03


$0.122
.056
.042
.200

.214


: $0.634

: $2.040
: $2.023
: $-0.017


. . . .. : $152.71


: $516.21
: $580.04
: $ 63,83


per acre.


-- --


...


,


:*



rnor
00




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