• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Map of Florida vegetable producing...
 Foreword and acknowledgments
 Definitions
 Costs and returns data














Group Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons (Economic information report)
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076936/00013
 Material Information
Title: Costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons
Series Title: Economic information report
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida. Food and Resource Economics Dept.
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
University of Florida -- Food and Resource Economics Dept
Publisher: Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Food and Resource Economics Dept., Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1963-1964
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began: v. 4 (1948/1949).
Numbering Peculiarities: Isues are cummulative from the 1945/1946 season until v.5 (1949/1950); Agricultural Economics series (<1948/1949>-1951/1952, Agricultural Economics mimeo report (1952/1953-1964/1965), Economics mimeo report (1965/1966-<1967/1968>), Ag. econ. report (<1969/1970->, Economics report (-1972/1973), Economic information report (1973/1974-<1975/1976>)
General Note: Description based on first issue; title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1977.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076936
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03425969
lccn - 76368517
issn - 0149-0613
 Related Items
Preceded by: Per acre costs and returns from vegetable crops in Florida, with comparisons

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Map of Florida vegetable producing areas
        Page ii
    Foreword and acknowledgments
        Page iii
    Definitions
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Costs and returns data
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
Full Text

February, 1965
February, 1965


Agricultural Economics Mimeo Report EC 65-4


COSTS AND RETURNS


from



VEGETABLE CROPS IN FLORIDA


SEASON 1963-1964
With Comparisons




by
Donald L. Brooke


Agricultural Economist










DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
Gainesville, Florida












TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

Map of Florida Vegetable Producing Areas. . . .. ii
Foreword and Acknowledgments. . . . . . . iii
Definitions . . . . . . . . ... . . iv

Costs and Returns Data

Beans, Snap. . . . . . . . ... .. 1- 3
Beans, Pole. . . . . . . . . . 4
Cabbage. . . . . . . . . ... .. 5- 7
Celery . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 9
Corn, Sweet. . . . . . . . . ... 11-13
Cucumbers. . . . . . . . .... . 14-15
Eggplant . . . . . . . . ... .. .16
Leaf Crops . . . . . . . .... . 17-18
Peppers, Green . . . . . . . ... 19-20
Potatoes, Irish. . . . . . . . . 21-23
Squash . . . . . . . . ... . . 24-26
Tomatoes . . . . . . . . ... .. . 27-31


. . . . . . . . . 32


Watermelons. .








19,' \

2 pep e s eg p-- 1
3 Imok-- Lee- ,oa ,..cu -"m b s. ,p.
Sh --Ii s /' I





VEGETABLE PRODUCING AREAS "/ i j\
With Principal Vegetables Produced r-
', 13
1 Dade tomatoes, snap and pole beans, Irish '
potatoes, squash, cucumbers, strawberries c--,t/ '7l2'
2 Pompano snap beans, peppers, eggplant, 0 -
cucumbers, squash, tomatoes -----
3 Immokalee-Lee tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, /
squash, Irish potatoes, watermelons r-
4 Everglades snap beans, sweet corn, cabbage, .
escarole, celery, Irish potatoes, radishes
5 Fort Pierce tomatoes, watermelons --
6 Wauchula cucumbers oao, tomatoes, watermelons 5
7 Sarasota celery, radishes, le, attuce, cabbage

watermelons ',x, r - /''-
9 Plant City strawberries, peppers, squash, s,' a::4.e
pole bean o e peas, southern peas, okra 3
10 Sumter cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce,
watermelons "
11 Zellwood sweet corn, celery, escarole, r --' -
lettuce, snap beans, radishes 2
12 Sanford-Oviedo cabbage, celery, snap beans, -_----
lettuce, escarole, sweet corn, peppers ---i
13 Oxford-Belleview-Lowell tomatoes, watermelons
14 McIntosh-Island Grove squash, snap beans, celery, 1 '.I
cabbage, lettuce, watermelons
15 Alachua snap beans, cucumbers, peppers,
Irish potatoes, watermelons
16 Hastings Irish potatoes, cabbage o
17 Starke-Brooker-Lake Butler snap and lima beans,Q cucumbers, peppers, squash, strawberries
18 Quincy-Havana pole beans, cucumbers, squash
19 Escambia Irish potatoes








FOREWORD

This is the fourth in a new series of summaries of costs and returns
from the principal vegetable crops by major producing areas in Florida.
There is a need among growers, commodity groups, credit agencies, research
workers and teachers for current factual information of this type.

Data in this summary were gathered by personal interview with growers
of the various vegetable crops. Growers' records of actual production costs
were used when available, and estimates taken when records were not kept.
As complete a breakdown of costs as possible was obtained from each grower.
Insofar as possible, growing and harvesting costs have been separated and
labor items excluded from costs of materials. In a few cases where crop sales
were not available from growers, they were computed on the basis of average
prices received for the crop as reported by the Florida Crop and Livestock
Reporting Service, U.S.D.A., Orlando, Florida.















ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The writer wishes to express his appreciation to the vegetable growers
for their excellent cooperation, to the Florida Fruit and Vegetable Association,
Florida Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, U.S.D.A., Orlando, Florida, and
to various county agents for much worthwhile assistance. Much credit is due
Dr. H. G. Hamilton under whose direction this work is being conducted.






DEFINITIONS

Number of growers: Number of individual records or estimates of crop
costs and returns included in each crop summary.

Number of acres: The total acreage planted by growers whose records
or estimates were used. When a part of the planted acreage was lost soon
after planting and replaced by another crop, the reduced acreage was used.

Average acres per grower: The number of acres of the particular crop
divided by the number of growers.

Average yield per acre: The number of units per planted acre harvested.

Land rent: In the interests of uniformity, land rent was charged for
all acreages and crops at the prevailing rate reported by growers in the
area. This was done to avoid difficulties in the determination of a normal
valuation, interest charge for use of land and capitalization of land values
in a period of fluctuating values and prices. Taxes on farm real estate
are excluded since rent is being charged.

Seed and seedbed: This item includes the cost of seed or plants for
planting the crop. If a seedbed was used, the figures include costs of
labor and materials for growing plants as well as seed costs, unless other-
wise noted.

Fertilizer and side dressing or compost: This represents the actual
cost of nutrient materials applied to produce the crop. Labor or machine
costs of application are not included.

Spray and dust: Spray and dust includes the cost of materials only,
unless application labor is specified in which case some machine costs may
also be present. If minor elements were added for nutritional purposes,
their cost is also included here.

Cultural labor: This item contains the cost of man labor, whether
hired or family, to produce the crop from ground preparation until ready for
harvest. It does not include supervision by the operator, since his com-
pensation is to a great extent dependent upon returns from the sale of the
crop.

Machine hire: The cost of machine work hired, including use of air-
planes when applicable, in producing the crop. This item includes labor
charge for the machine operator and charges for the use of equipment.

Gas, oil and grease: The cost of gas, oil and grease required to
operate tractors, trucks, sprayers, pumps and other machinery in producing
the crop is included in this item.

Repair and maintenance: This figure represents the cost of repairs to
equipment used in producing the crop. It also includes the small tools such
as hoes, rakes and shovels purchased and charged off as a current expenditure.









Depreciation: This includes the annual charge for depreciation and
obsolescence of equipment and labor housing. When actual depreciation
charges could not be obtained from records, they were computed by assuming
a 10-year average life-use on all equipment on the basis of replacement
value as indicated by the operator.

Licenses and insurance: The cost of licenses and insurance items when
chargeable to the farm business. Licenses include those for trucks and autos
used on the farm. Insurance includes labor and crop insurance and fire or
windstorm insurance on buildings and equipment. It does not include health
or accident insurance of the operator or his family.

Interest on production capital: Interest on production capital was
charged at the rate of 6 percent on all cash costs for the number of months
required to grow and market the crop regardless of whether or not much
production capital was actually borrowed. This percentage was used because
it is believed to be the normal interest rate. It is realized that pro-
duction capital may be obtained at times from certain government organi-
zations at a lower rate, but seldom can growers secure capital at lower rates
when dealing with commercial banks or individuals.

Interest on capital invested (other than land): Interest was charged
at 6 percent of the actual or estimated annual depreciated value of the
capital invested in machinery and equipment. It was assumed that all
equipment was presently worth one-half its replacement value.

Miscellaneous: This figure includes such items as office supplies,
administrative expense other than value of operators management, legal and
audit fees, telephone and telegraph and incidental expenses.

Harvesting and marketing labor: Where possible, harvesting and
marketing labor has been divided into two items: (1) picking and (2) grading
and packing. Picking, cutting or digging labor includes actual cost of
harvesting the crop and preparing it for movement to packinghouse or wash
house. Washing or grading and packing labor includes preparation of the
product for shipment either at field house or packinghouse. Where this is
done for such crops as snap beans in the Everglades and in Dade County and
for tomatoes, celery and Irish potatoes in most locations, it is a contract
charge and includes machinery and overhead costs in addition to labor. The
same is usually true for all crops in all areas where grading and packing
is done off the farm in packinghouses.

Containers: Includes the cost for hampers, crates, bags or baskets
in which the product is moved to market.

Hauling: Hauling is the cost of movement of the product from field to
packinghouse or loading point. It is often computed on a contract basis
and includes labor and equipment items. In cases where hauling was performed
by the operator's trucks, the costs have been separated from production
labor and machine expense items as nearly as possible.








Other: The cost of precooling the commodity prior to shipment or,
for watermelons, the cost of government inspection prior to shipment or sale.
Inspection fees on other crops, when incurred, are included in packinghouse
charges and are not reported as a separate item.

Selling: The packinghouse, market, sales organization, or dealer's
charge for performing the sales service for the crop when deducted from the
producer's price. This cost does not include charges for unloading, grading,
packing, etc.

Crop sales: Crop sales are the gross returns to the grower before
deduction of growing, harvesting and marketing costs. These differ from
U.S.D.A. data by the amount of the selling cost.

Net return: Return to the producer after deduction of all expenses
in producing, harvesting and marketing the crop.

Proration of costs between crops: For such items as seed, fertilizer,
spray and dust, airplane application, and harvesting and marketing costs,
growers' records or estimates for each crop were used to make the appropriate
charges.

In the case of cultural labor, however, no breakdown for the different
crops produced on the individual farm could be obtained from the grower
except in a very few cases when such records had been kept. The total
cultural labor for all crops produced on each farm was, in most cases, pro-
rated to the various crops on the basis of available data developed at the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations with regard to man hours required,
in various parts of the state, to produce different crops from land prep-
aration to harvest. A similar situation also applies to such items as
machine hire, tractor fuel, oil and grease, repairs, depreciation and other
production costs where,except in very few cases, records had not been kept
as to their respective charges to different crops. Prorations were also
made of these items on the basis of available data. (D. L. Brooke, Fla. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Bul. 660, June 1963).

In many cases individual growers did not incur every cost item. This
applies especially to airplane application, machine hire, grading and
packing, containers, hauling, and precooling. Thus, these costs are based
only on the over-all average for all growers contacted in each area, and
footnotes have been used to set forth the number of growers and average
costs for items not incurred by all growers in the area.


Per-Unit data: Per-unit costs and returns were comuted by dividing
the average yield per acre in the area into the various items of cost
shown in the individual tables. They are merely averages of the data
recorded and, in many cases, do not reflect the full cost of performing the
service because some growers may not have incurred every item of cost.









Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item


: 3-Season : 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . . .
Average yield per acre (bushels). .


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital, (6%
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. : 29
. . : 10,771


: 7
:1,332


371 :190
94 : 112

Average per
Acre Acre


Unit


. . . :$ 17.31:$ 23.10
. : 15.69: 17.50
.. : 11.95: 13.90-.
. : 5.39: 8.61
. . : 11.86: 11.31
. . . : 1.40: 2.451?
. : 7.66: 5.63 :
. : 10.80: 8.22 :
. . : 6.36: 5.88 :
. . : 2.88: 4.74 :
- 4 mos.) : 1.77: 2.03-:
than land): .64: .59 :
. . : 3.71: 5.97 :

... :$ 97.42:$109.93 :$0.981


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing.

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


. . . :$ 78.50:$ 94.52 :$0.844
. . . . : 23.14: 17.81 : .159
. . . : 23.39: 22.35 : .200
. . . : 7.26: 8.53 : .076
. . . 9.37: 11.68 : .104

. . . :$141.66:$154.89 :$1.383


~-'Reported by 6 and 5 growers averaging $16.


&'Reported by 6 and 5 growers averaging $16.
respectively.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


:$239.08:$264.82
:$212.81:$287.86
:$-26.27:$ 23.04


:$2.364
:$2.570
:$0.206


21 and $3.43 per acre,








Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Sanford Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item : 3-Season : 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


Growing costs:
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . .
Interest on production capital, (6% 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . .


: $ 24.57
22.80
52.62
12.90
22.94
.36
6.17
8.94
S 8.78
S 2.14
3.15
.87
3.99


Average per
Acre Unit


20.68
22.92
52.20
12.61
20.22

5.73
9.22
7.30
8.82
3,35
.73
15.06


Total growing cost. . . . . . . . : $170.23 : $ 178.84 :$ 2.129

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


$107.38
45.18
6.90
16.35


86.00
30.02
3.77
8.37


1.024
.357
.045
.100


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $175.81 : $ 128.16 :$ 1.526


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


... : $346.04
. .. : $344.86
. . : $ -1.18


Source: Grower records and estimates.


7
271
39
84


307.00
229.48
-77.52


:$ 3.655
:$ 2.732
:$-0.923









Snap Beans
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach Broward Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

Item : 3-Season :1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . . . . .
Number of acres . . . . . .
Average acres per grower . . . . . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


38
21,609
569
97


10
7,200
720
98


Growing costs:
Acre


Average per
Acre Unit


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed. . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance .. . ..
Interest on production capital, (6%
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


..





*.....
. e o. :







t a o s :*


. ... : $157.69 : $185.63 : $1.894


Picking and packing labor .
Containers. . . . ..
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing . . . : $138.79 : $150.97 : $1.541


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


.. .
. . . *


a/Reported by 6 growers averaging $8.70

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$ 18.66
17.72
35.92
11.42
21.64
6.50
10.38
12.76
8.17
4.51
2.92
.82
6.27


$ 23.62 :
18.23 :
40.20
10.07
37.54
5.22A?
9.96 :
14.20 :
9.61:
6.36 :
3.43 :
.96 :
6.23 :


* . .


$ 85.26
35.09
9.46
8.98


$ 90.06
39.39
10.09
11.43


$0.919
.402
.103
.117


$296.48
$314.43
$ 17.95


: $336.60
: $366.00
: $ 29.40


: $3.435
:$3.735
:$0.300


per acre.


--






. . . . :*









Pole Beans
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

: 3-Season :
Item : 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . . :
Seed. . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust. . . . . . . . .:
Cultural labor. . . . . . . ... :
Machine hire. . . . . . . ... :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .. :
Repair and maintenance. . . . . ... :
Depreciation. . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . .
Interest on production capital, (6% 4 moa.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .. :


Total growing cost. . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


20
6,326
316
230

Acre

$ 41.14
19.31
49.12
27.71
120.85
8.02
11.3C
14.31
11.3(
8.00
6.4<
1.13
22.9(


: 9
:3,799
: 422
: 211


Average per
Acre

: $ 38.45
L: 20.24
S47.51
L : 29.83
: 129.09
2 : 4.82-a:
S 11.22
L : 14.30
S 12.15
) : 9.73
6 : 6.68
3 : 1.21
6 : 28.76


. . . . : $341.61 : $353.99


Picking and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . .. . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing. .


.. .


$133.13
83.12
23.10
32.73


. .... : $272.08


Total crop cost. . . . . . . .
Crop sales. . . . . . . :
Net return. . . . . . . .


i/Reported by 6 growers averaging $7.23

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$613.69
$648.63
$ 34.94


per acre.


Unit


:$1.677


$119.38
76.58
21.11
23.64


: $240.71


$594.70
$662.54
$ 67.84


:$0.566
:.363
:.100
:.112

:$1.141

:$2.818
:$3.140
:$0.322









Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-eason 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.)


21
3,555
169
358


Growing costs:
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed and seedbed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . ...
Licenses and insurance .. . .....
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.)


Interest on capital invested(other than
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . . .


17.12
8.16
26.33
21.52
56.14
1.36
11.21
16.39
9.21
4.84
3.38
.92
6.15


land
. .


. .. : $ 182.73


$ 73.71
133.11
18.73
31.20


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $ 256.75


Average per
Acre

:$ 21.14
8.29
19.83
29.01
41.31
.89.1
8.77
20.68
S 8.68
S 5.71
S 3.26
S .87
S 7.55


: $ 175.99 : $ 0.815


50.85
84.48
15.78
22.95


: $ 174.06 : $ 0.806


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


A/Reported by 2 growers averaging


$2.23 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


5
1,348
270
216


Unit


$ 0.236
.391
.073
.106


439.48
646.06
206.58


350.05
278.59
-71.46


$ 1.621
$ 1.290
$-0.331


)









Cabbage
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61-to 1962-63 and 1963-64


: 3-Season :
Item : 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower .. .
Average yield per acre ( 50 lb.).


46
4,501
98
384


Growing costs:


Average per
Acre Acre Unit


Land rent . . . . . . .
Seed and seedbed. . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . .
Spray and dust. . . . . .
Cultural labor. . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance. . .
Interest on production capital, (6%
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


. e e o



*
. .o *
. .. . :






- 4 mos.) :
than land) :
.. . :


Total growing cost. . . . . . . . : $242.20 : $233.86 : $ 0.847

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Cutting and packing labor . . .
Containers. . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


$ 57.19
120.03
7.22
51.77


$ 44.18 :
81.46 :
5.23b/:
33.44 :


$ 0.160
.295
.019
.121


Total harvesting and marketing. . . . . : $236.21 : $164.31 : $ 0.595


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


$478.41
$665.36
$186.95


$398.17
$369.92
$-28.25


$ 1.442
$ 1.340
$-0.102


a/Reported by 11 growers averaging $2.69 per acre.

b/Reported by 6 growers averaging $13.94 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


16
1,230
77
276


$ 26.14
19.66
65.58
18.19
58.09
1.66
10.63
14.29
12.94
4.44
4.47
1.29
4.82


$ 24.85
23.29
64.65
15.02
54.94
1. 85/
7.97
13.96
12.43
4.74
4.32
1.24
4.60


. . :*









Cabbage
Costs and returns in the Sanford Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61- to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item: 3-Season :
Itemv 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (50 lb.)


32
2,243
70
434


Growing costs: Acre
Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . .
Seed and seedbed. . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease .. . . ..
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . ...
Interest on production capital, (6%
Interest on capital invested (other
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


. . . : $










than land) :
. . ..o o :


Total growing cost. . . . .. . . : $296.82 : $296.59


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing . . .

Total crop cost . . . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


$ 77.32
142.01
21.02
48.40


$ 87.30
182.06 :
17.59a/:
56.22 :


. . : $288.75 : $343.17 : $ 0.730


$585.57
$680.68
$ 95.11


$639.76
$587.21
$-52.55


a/Reported by 14 growers averaging $20.10

Source: Grower records and estimates.


16
1,117
70
470


Unit


30.80
20.65
90.46
32.76
61.55
.72
11.36
15.58
16.42
3.87
5.47
1.64
5.54


$ 35.81
19.35
80.54
34.80
64.00

10.61
15.99
10.03
7.78
5.60
1.00
11.08


: $ 0.631


$ 0.186
.387
.037
.120


$ 1.361
$ 1.249
$-0.112


per acre.









Celery
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

..: 3-Season
Item 3-Seon 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


26
22,684
872
575


Growing costs:
Land rent . . . .
Seed and seedbed. . .
Fertilizer . . .
Spray and dust. . .
Cultural labor. . .
Machine hire. . . .
Gas, oil and grease .
Repair and maintenance.
Depreciation . . .
Licenses and insurance.


Interest on production capital
Interest on capital invested (
Miscellaneous expense . .

Total growing cost . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing.

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


Acre
S . . . :$ 23.24
. . . : 28.24
S . . . : 97.72
S. . . . 64.14
. . . : 143.55
S . . . : 1.27
S. . . . 26.47
. . . .. : 40.32
. 21.35
. . . : 11.43
, (6% 5 mos.) : 11.37
other than land): 2.13
. . . : 18.26

. . . :$489.49


:$ 188.50
: 242.29
: 32.68
: 84.33
: 71.18


Average per
Acre
:$ 25.85
30.75
92.00
96.48
129.10
3.47a/
26.81
:47.86
18.51
15.81
12.40
1.85
27.89

:$ 528.78


227.02
248.55
35.14
87.63
74.91


. . . . :$618.98 :$ 673.25


:$1108.47
:$1419.17
:$ 310.70


:$1202.03
:$1629.40
:$ 427.37


t/Reported by 4 growers averaging


$6.94 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


8
7,028
878
571


Unit


: $ 0.926


$ 0.398
.435
.062
.153
.131


: $ 1.179


2.105
2.853
0.748


--- --







Celery
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item : 3-Season : 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower. . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


38
5,632
148
634


Growing costs:
Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . . :$
Seed and seedbed. . . . . . ... :
Fertilizer. . . . . . . ... :
Spray and dust. . . . . . . ... .
Cultural labor. . . . . . . ... :
Machine hire. . . . . . . ... .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . .... :
Depreciation. . . . . . . ... :
Licenses and insurance . . . . ... :
Interest on production capital.(6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested (other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Cutting and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. .


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


39.56
38.74
143.18
54.50
181.75
5.54
21.73
32.00
30.45
12.34
13.59
3.04
14.17


Average per
Acre


35.35
52.29
129.44
63.71
143.00

14.66
24.49
21.13
23.88
13.17
2.11
40.14


. . . . :$ 590.59 :$ 563.37


. . . :$


299.86
271.25
35.21
91.06
92.62


325.96
256.34
41.77
97.33
103.25


. . . . :$ 790.00 :$ 824.65


. . . :$1380.59
. . . :$1653.67
. . :$ 273.08


:$1388.02
:$1510.10
:$ 122.08


Source: Grower records and estimates.


9
1,688
188
611


Unit


: $ 0.922


:$ 0.534
.420
.068
.159
.169

:$ 1.350

$ 2.272
$ 2.472
$ 0.200












Celery
Costs and Returns in the West Coast Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item


: 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


15
1,654
110
774


Growing costs Acr
Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed and seedbed . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . .
. .





- 5 mos.)
than land)


44.39
64.26
136.09
59.68
242.13

46.71
37.48
36.73
26.85
17.86
3.67


. . : 57.10

. . $ 772.95 :


Cutting and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Other . . . . .
Selling . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . . : $ 249.84
S . . . : 334.89
. . . : 31.11
. . . : 107.81
. ....... : 98.30

. . . . : $ 821.95


$1594.90 :
$1982.39 :
$ 387.49 :


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


. .. . :


--











Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres .. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


45
50,014
1,111
159


15
13,723
915
133


Growing costs: Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent. . . . ... .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Sepreciation ...........
Licenses and insurance .. ...
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


.. .. :$ 17.55
.. : 6.94
. . . : 31.13
. . .. : 48.26
.... : 24.45
. . : 1.78
. ... : 9.40
. . . : 13.71
..... : 7.97
.... : 3.91
- 4 mos.) : 3.27
than land): .80
. . : 6.50


. . . :$175.67 :$188.70 :$ 1.419


Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Other . . . . .
Selling . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


S. . . :$ 44.38 :$ 40.86 :$ 0.307
. . . : 53.61 : 46.84 : .352
. . . : 9.80 : 7.88 : .059
. . . : 23.33 : 20.30 : .153
. . . : 17.58 : 14.18 : .107

S. . . :$148.70 :$130.06 :$ 0.978

S. . . :$324.37 :$318.76 :$ 2.397
S. . . :$355.67 :$317.27 :$ 2.386
S. . . :$ 31.30 :$ -1.49 :$-0.011


!/Reported by 10 growers averaging $3.20

Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


21.34
5.88
29.76
56.04
24.89
2.13/
8.71
15.20
7.66
6.03
3.54
.77
6.75


per acre.








Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Lower East Coast Area,
1962-63 and 1963-64 Seasons


Item : 3-Season : 1963-64
Ite : Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


4
1,846
462
215


Acre


Growing costs:


4
2,686
672
140


Average per
A.c__re


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital,(67%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
auling. . . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


. . : $ 39.84
. : 10.53
. : 62.56
. : 38.31
. . : 32.02
... . : 47
. : 9.05
. : 13.78
. : 8.88
. : 5.16
- 4 mos.) : 4.44
than land): .89
. . : 9.16


. . : $ 236.09 : $ 232.74 : $ 1.662


. . . . : $ 67.49
. . . : 65.97
. . . : 19.83
. . . : 24.71
. . . : 22.55


$ 55.02
45.15
10.44
19.92
14.92


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . : $ 200.55


$ 436.64
$ 551.96
$ 115.32


: $ 145.45 : $ 1.039


: $ 378.19
: $ 4 3.93
: $ 90.74


$ 2.701
$ 3.349
$ 0.648


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


40.82
7.12
55.60
41.74
26.29
.71/
7.65
14.56
11.50
6.76
4.32
1.15
14.52


$ 0.393
.322
.075
.142
.107


a/Reported by 3 and 2 growers averaging $1.96 and $1.42 per acre, respectively.











Sweet Corn
Costs and Returns in the Zellwood Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


: 3-Season :
Item 3-Season 1963-64
Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates)


19
9,295
489
257


Growing costs Ae
Acre

Land rent. . . . . . . . : $ 25.30
Seed. . . . . . . . . .. : 8.82
Fertilizer . . . . . . .. : 41.23
Spray and dust. . . . . . . .. : 54.20
Cultural labor. . . . . . . .. : 31.67
Machine hire. . . . . . . ... : 7.32
Gas, oil and grease . . . . ... : 8.69
Repair and maintenance. . . . . .. : 16.77
Depreciation. . . . . . . ... : 8.05
Licenses and insurance. . . .. . .: 6.86
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.): 4.12
Interest on capital invested(other than lance : .81
Miscellaneous expense . . . . .. : 5.38


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing. .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


Average per
Acre


Unit


$ .26.87
6.44
40.87a/
53.55
26.19 :
10.54A :
5.66
15.88
8.16
9.96
4.06
.82
7.05


. . : $ 219.22 : $ 216.05 : $ 0.809


. . : $ 76.58 : $ 77.24 : $ 0.289
. . .: 86.83 : 91.68 : .344
.. .. : 12.73 : 13.97 : .052
S. : 36.90 : 41.91 : .157
. . : 26.99 : 36.79 : .138

. .... : $ 240.03 : $ 261.59 : $ 0.980


... $
.. . .: $


459.25
541.07
81.82


$ 477.64
$ 616.60
$ 138.96


1.789
2.309
0.520


a/Reported by 5 and 3 growers averaging
pectively.

Source: Grower records and estimates.


$49.04 and $21.08 per acre, res-


6
3,231
538
267


- --







Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Irt-nka1lee-Lee Area,


3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962


63 and 1963-64


3 -ea-son


1963-54


Number of grovwers . . . .
Number o. acrai. . . . .
Average 7cres per groer . .
Average yield per acr, (buchels)


Growing costs:


A, re


Land rent . . . . . . . . : $
Seed. . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust . . . . . . :
Cultural labor. . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and greae . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance. . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.):
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . :


11.63
5.71
95.85
42.47
81.45
15.74
16.73
18.25
14.85
4.41
7.52
1.48
8.34


Averaa.e _pr
Acre


11.19
6.89
100.38
47,03
82.37
2U.43
14.67
16.69
16.01
4.01
7.76
1.60
6.83


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . . : $ 324.43


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers. . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


. .. .


Total harvesting and marketing . . .. : $ 352.75


Total crop cost. . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . .. . .


Source:Grower records and estimates.


34
2,830
83
205


11
1,388
126
234


Unit


: $ 335.86


: $ 1.435


$ 85.15
101.20
105.92
27.09
33.39


:$ 107.70
99.40
121.00
43.38
34.61

:$ 406.09


741.95
670.66
-71.29


$ 0.460
.425
.517
.185
.148


:$ 1.735

: $ 3.170
S$ 2.866
:$-0.304


$ 677.18
$ 734.39
$ 57.21


CC__~ __~__~


_____


,,, -';5''`-~L'-`C~;------------~-


. . . :*







Cucumbers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-Season 1963-64
_: Average


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels).


22
2,542
116
195


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer. . . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . .
Machine hire. . . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . ..
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.).
Interest on capital invested(other than land)
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . .


$ 24.85
7.79
71.16
70.75
57.39
13.95
16.42
19.86
11.28
6.82
7.50
1.13
11.22


Average per
Acre

$ 52.40
8.63
71.29
41.38
60.20
8.96_a/
16.94
22.04
8.67
5.13
7.56
.87
15.43


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . . . : $ 320.12


: $ 319.50 : $ 1.736


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


. . . . : $ 307.41


Total harvesting and marketing..

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . .
Net return . . . . .


627.53
669.58
42.05


: $ 302.73 : $ 1.645


$ 622.23
$ 582.83
$ -39.40


$ 3.381
$ 3.167
$-0.214


a/Reported by 2 growers averaging


$13.44 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 93.73
70.92
99.03
23.04
20.69


$ 96.85
72.63
94.18
16.70
22.37


$ 0.526
.395
.512
.091
.121


- --







Eggplant
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item : 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower ..
Average yield per acre (bushels)


Growing costs:


Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent. . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . ..
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation .. . ......
Licenses and insurance .. ...
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


. . . :
. . . :
. . :

. . . :
. . . :
. . :
. . . :
. . . :
. . . :
- 5 mos.) :
than land): :
. . :

*








- 5 mos.)
than land):


Total growing cost . . . . . .


$ 29.13
10.32
204.64
64.68
174.65
24.54
29.69
37.10
26.14
13.47
15.22
2.61
20.55


. . : $ 652.74


$ 30.36
7.17
146.70
65.84
157.79 :
14.051/:
23.06
27.71
22.63
14.44
12.53
2.26
14.07

$ 538.61 : $ 1.261


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor ...
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . ....
Selling . . . . . .


. . .


$ 224.16
264.00
55.70
52.64


Total harvesting and marketing . . . : $ 596.50


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


... : $1249.24
S $1122.65
... : $-126.59


a/Reported by 4 growers averaging $17.56 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


5
145
29
427


Unit


:$ 137.55
194.76
42.70
41.73

:$ 416.74

:$ 955.35
:$1129.63
$ 174.28


$ 0.322
.456
.100
.098


: $ 0.976

: $ 2.237
: $ 2.645
: $ 0.408







Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Everglades Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962,63 and 1963-64

: 3-Season i
Item rage 1963.64
: Average :


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower ..
Average yield per acre (crates).


22
7,993
363
417


Growing costs:


Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . .
Interest on production capital,(6% -
Interest on capital invested(other tl
Miscellaneous expense . . . .


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


S. . : $ 18.06
. . : 5.23
. .. : 30.17
.. : 14.15
... .: 52.46
. . : 1.47
. .. : 9.53
.. : 15.57
. : 7.99
. . : 4.75
4 mos.) : 3.13
an land): .80
. : 5.22


. . . : $ 168.53


Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . ... .
Net return . . .. . .


$ 77.81
151.93
22.81
59.68
41.67


. . . : $ 353.90


$ 522.43
$ 628.05
$ 105.62


$ 90.82
165.83
S 23.64
62.08
41.71

: $ 384.08


548.20
786.07
237.87


1'Reported by 3 growers averaging $2.48 per acre


Source: Grower records and estimates.


5
1,493
299
422


Unit


22.67
4.57
30.03
12.51
43.01
1.49SA:
9.02
18.54
6.74
5.67
3.07
.68
6.12


: $ 164.12


: $ 0.389


$ 0.215
.393
.056
.147
.099


: $ 0.910


1.299
1.863
0.564


h




r







Leaf Crops
Costs and Returns in the Central Florida Area,
1962-63 and 1963-64 Seasons


Item : 1962-63 : 1963-64


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . ..
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (crates).


6
59
10
453


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent . . . . . . :
Seed and seedbed . . . . :
Fertilizer . . .. .. . . .
Spray and dust . . . .. :
Cultural labor . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . .. .
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . .:
Repair and maintenance . . .... :
Depreciation . . . .... . . :
Licenses and insurance ..... . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . :


Average per
Ac ,-e


$ 35.69 : $
15.00
91.38
13.32
108.62
1.20./:
10.96
13.15
17.92
3.99
5.99 :
1.79
6.09


Total growing cost . . ..

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . . : $ 325.10


: $ 250.00 : $ 0.628


Picking and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Oter. . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .. .


Total harvesting and marketing .


Total crop cost. . . . .
Crop sales . . .. . .
Net return . . . . .


. . .

. .
. .


. .
. *
. *


Source: Grower records and estimates.


10
1,147
115
398


Unit


19.34
10.66
53.99
15.68
84.90
.64&/
8.55
23.60
9.99
10.32
4.69
1.00
6.64


$ 98.74
163.69
19.91
61.94
67.88


. .. : $ 412.16


:$ 737.26
:$ 953.57
:$ 216.31


:$ 80.57
159.77
15.80
58.72
25.25

$ 340.11

:$ 590.11
:$ 824.39
:$ 234.28


$ 0.203
.401
.040
.148
.063


: $ .855

: $ 1.483
:$ 2.071
:$ 0.588


a/Reported by 2 and 4 growers averaging $3.60 and $1.60 per acre, res-
pectively.







Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

Item : 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


28
3,690
132
368


Growing costs: Acre


Average per
Acre


Land rent. . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . .
Repair and maintenance . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


. . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .. .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


. . : $ 523.99


$ 121.76
162.67
163.51
45.22
54.49


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . . : $ 547.65


$1071.64
$1137.96
$ 66.32


: $ 555.28 : $ 1.392


:$ 133.39
146.16
186.56
65.56
55.46

:$ 587.13

:$1142.41
:$1292.91
:$ 150.50


$ 0.334
.366
.468
.164
.139

$ 1.471

$ 2.863
$ 3.240
$ 0.377


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 12.88
16.68
135.39
54.31
133.74
28.78
32.85
35.53
33.81
9.70
11.87
3.38
15.07


$ 11.65
19.34
144.87
59.55
133.36
40.86
30.44
34.95
37.23
9.91
12.55
3.72
16.85







Green Peppers
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


tem : 3-Season : 166
Item: Aea 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


52
3,275
63
466


Acre


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . ........ :
Seed . . . . . .. .
Fertilizer . . . . ........
Spray and dust . . . . . . . :
Cultural labor . . . .. . :
Machine hire . . . . ..... :
Gas, oil and grease. . . .. . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . :


$ 30.94
21.55
160.13
64.11
241.69
27.11
33.76
40.33
27.54
15.26
16.50
2.76
24.91


Total growing cost.. . .. . . . . : $ 706.59


15
1,446
96
402


Average per
Acre

$ 40.83
21.29
135.84
66.79
240.83
34.57-
29.65
37.16
35.40
19.91
16.34
3.54
26.54


: $ 708.69 : $ 1.763


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor. ..
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


...: $


Total harvesting and marketing . . . . : $ 516.30


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return .. . . . .


$1222.89
$1355.16
$ 132.27


: $ 426.38 : $ 1.061


$1135.07
$1330.34
$ 195.27


2.824
3.309
0.485


!/Reported by 13 growers averaging $39.88 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


220.54
202.90
47.62
45.24


165.02
182.23
40.22
38.91


$ 0.411
.453
.100
.097


---







Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


: 3-Season :
Item : 3-Season 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers. . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (cwt.).


27
11,160
413
166


Growing costs: Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . : $
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


44.92
90.18
53.15
36.29
37.64
1.30
10.03
12.26
11.36
8.65
6.02
1.14
6.42


. ... : $ 319.36


Average per
Acre


Unit


45.18 :
86.72
53.78
38.08
30.42 :
.76/:
10.75
17.40 :
16.85
10.06 :
6.18
1.69 :
15.77


: $ 333.64 : $ 2.010


Picking labor. . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing . .


. . : $ 192.44


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . .. . .


511.80
521.06
9.26


: $ 173.74 : $ 1.047


507.38
746.57
239.19


$ 3.057
$ 4.498
$ 1.441


a/Reported by 3 growers averaging $2.53 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


10
4,118
412
166


$ 26.75
88.29
31.26
17.63
28.51


$ 22.91
75.47
32.71
16.40
26.25


$ 0.138
.455
.197
.099
.158


--


*


. :







Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Hastings Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (cwt.).


63
12,260
195
183


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . ... : $ 27.38
Seed . . . . . .... . : 63.88
Fertilizer . . . . . . . ... : 65.81
Spray and dust. . . . . ...... : 12.82
Cultural labor . . . . . . .. : 32.35
Machine hire . . . . . ...... : 2.22
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . ... : 14.23
Repair and maintenance . . . . ... : 17.47
Depreciation . . . . ....... : 18.57
Licenses and insurance .......... : 5.95
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.) : 4.96
Interest on capital invested(other than land): 1.86
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . : 5.67


Average per
Acre

:$ 25.90
68.55
68.31
13.21
31.19
2.78&/
12.80
21.04
19.10
6.40
5.14
1.91
6.85


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . .. . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . : $ 273.17


26.48
47.22
33.29
21.80
33.27


. . . : $ 162.06


$ 435.23
$ 487.61
$ 52.38


: $ 283.18 : $ 1.748


22.41
42.95
29.41
19.31
31.12


$ 0.138
.265
.182
.119
.192


: $ 145.20 : $ 0.896


: $ 428.38
: $ 575.21
: $ 146.83


2.644
3.551
0.907


a/Reported by 16 growers averaging


$4.17 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


24
4,927
205
162


Unit


--







Irish Potatoes
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

: 3 Season
Item 3 Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (cwt.).


13
2,161
166
165


Growing costs: Acre


Average per
Acre


. . . . . . . .


Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . ...
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .

Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


. . .
. . .
*. . .
. . .
. . .



. .
- 4 mos.)
than land)
. . .


$ 25.22
77.97
83.10
26.72
S 43.49
6.79
16.10
16.84
S 18.39
6.57
6.18
1.84
5.98


. . . : $ 335.19


26.97
73.48
86.44
22.28
37.40
3.13/
12.76
15.54
13.35
6.55
5.80
1.34
5.43


: $ 310.47 : $ 2.407


Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing . .


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . : $ 177.65


$ 512.84
$ 520.76
$ 7.92


!/Reported by 3 growers averaging $4.18 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Land rent. .


4
440
110
129


Unit


$ 26.83
66.65
31.95
22.69
29.53


23.96
66.51
23.35
18.02
25.36


$ 0.185
.515
.181
.140
.197


: $ 157.20

: $ 467.67
: $ 585.46
117.79


:$ 1.218

:$ 3.625
: $ 4.538
:$ 0.913








Squash
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

Item 3-Season 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


15
1,665
111
146


Growing costs;


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . . .
Seed . . ... . . . .. .. .
Fertilizer ................ :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . :
Cultural labor . . . . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . . . .
Depreciation . . . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . ......:
Interest on production capital,(6% 4 mos.)
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


$ 10.13
4.72
70.55
24.24
31.90
5.76
10.94
11.87
10.25
3.51
3.55
1.03
3.78


Average per
Acre


13.75
5.33
66.25
26.25
28.17
6.77
11.99
12.03
12.95
3.80
3.55
1.29
2.95


Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . . .
Grading and packing labor. . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling. . . ... . . .


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . ..
Net return . . . . . .


. . : $ 192.23


$ 38.46
65.24
72.91
16.59
23.99


. . . : $ 217.19

. . : $ 409.42
. . : $ 461.69
. : $ 52.27


: $ 195.08 : $ 1.227


41.56
67.99
70.95
24.13
21.62


:$ 226.25

: $ 421.33
:$ 473.50
: $ 52.17


Source: Grower records and estimates.


Unit


$ 0.261
.428
.446
.152
.136

$ 1.423

: $ 2.650
:$ 2.978
:$ 0.328
















Squash
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

: 3-Season :
Item : 3-Season : 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . . .
Average yield per acre(bushels). .


19
1,941
102
119


Growing costs:


Land rent . . ......
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer .. . .......
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . .. ...
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . ..
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense. ...


. . . : $
. . . :








- 4 mos.)
than land):
. . . :


Acre

25.24
9.66
50.16
38.11
28.69
4.38
14.18
17.71
12.47
9.30
4.14
1.25
9.56


Average per
Acre


37.17
8.71
48.05
37.20
34.63
6.15/:
13.12
15.92
12.88
9.22
4.39
1.29
9.38


Total growing cost . . . .. . . .. : $ 224.85


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor ...
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . . .


$ 74.67
55.71
12.08
21.40


Total harvesting and marketing . . . . : $ 163.86


Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


388.71
382.77
-5.94


: $ 238.11 : $ 2.405


58.29
54.96
10.33
9.94


: $ 133.52

: $ 371.63
: $ 360.55
: $ -11.08


A/Reported by 6 growers averaging $7


.17 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


"7
934
133
99


Unit


$ 0.589
.555
.105
.100

:$ 1.349

:$ 3.754
:$ 3.642
:$-0.112


::::: i









Squash
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Broward Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-eason : 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (bushels)


24
908
38
113


Growing costs:


Land rent. . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation . . . . .
Licenses and insurance . . .
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense . . .


- 4 mos.)
than land):


Total growing cost . . . . . .


Acre

25.28
7.11
52.14
32.50
35.50
10.61
15.51
17.52
13.10
5.65
4.19
1.31
7.79


. . : $ 228.21


Average per
Acre


Unit


$ 26.24
S 9.37
56.03
30.43
S 36.48
S 16.46&:
S 16.30
S 18.09 :
15.86
8.75
4.49
S 1.59
S 6.23

$ 246.32 : $ 1.825


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking and packing labor. . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . . .


. . . : $


Total harvesting and marketing . . . . : $ 153.17


Total crop cost. . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . . .


381.38
427.98
46.60


: $ 165.26 : $ 1.224


$ 411.58
$ 503.48
$ 91.90


3.049
3.729
0.680


A/Reported by 6 growers averaging $19.21

Source: Grower records and estimates


7
283
40
135


61.89
64.77
12.99
13.52


64.88
73.22
13.46
13.70


$ 0.481
.542
.100
.101


per acre.










Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Dade County Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

Item 3-Season 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . . . .
Average acres per grower . . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.)..


37
16,876
456
234


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . :
Seed . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . . :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . ..:
Cultural labor . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . .. :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . .. :
Depreciation . . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . . . .


$ 40.84
6.53
123.59
74.81
97.61
6.27
19.08
31.89
22.59
14.43
10.81
2.26
17.22


. . : $ 467.93


Average per
Acre


:$ 41.70
6.79
S 127.57
S 66.91
S 98.84
S 19.31a/
20.32
32.23
21.73
16.30
11.21
S 2.18
S 18.36

$ 483.45


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor. . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


$ 135.28
132.69
111.69
26.49
36.49


. .. : $ 442.64


: $ 910.57
: $ 951.27
: $ 40.70


alReported by 10 growers averaging


$25.11 per acre.


Source: Grower records and estimates.


13
8,704
670
167


Unit


: $ 2.895


$ 107.00
106.03
82.16
21.22
30.57

$ 346.98


830.43
863.62
33.19


$ 0.641
.635
.492
.127
.183


: $ 2.078

: $ 4.973
: $ 5.171
: $ 0.198














Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Ft. Pierce Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-Season 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.).


54
14,690
272
195


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . . : $
Seed . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . . :. .
Spray and dust . . . . . . ... :
Cultural labor . . . . . . .. .
Machine hire . . . . . . ... :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance . . . .... :
Depreciation . . . . . . ... :
Licenses and insurance ........ . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested (other than land)
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . :


12.20
5.23
98.49
63.73
134.60
49.11
27.23
38.12
24.05
7.71
11.34
2.41
17.03


Average per
Acre


11.10
6.85
77.17
52.48
117.84
40.40
22.02
34.41
18.39
9.46
9.60
1.84
12.23


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . . : $ 491.25


124.68
122.11
102.59
38.34
32.86


. . . . : $ 420.58


911.83
919.61
7.78


: $ 413.79 : $ 2.090


$ 119.59
132.35
102.01
45.80
40.36


$ 0.604
.669
.515
.231
.204


: $ 440.11 : $ 2.223


$ 853.90
$1043.09
$ 189.19


$ 4.313
$ 5.268
$ 0.955


Source: Grower records and estimates.


8
2825
353
198


Unit


--


I I I i










Tomatoj
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item : 3-Season 1963-64
S Average :


Number of growers . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.).


36
6,504
181
192


Growing costs;


Land rent. . . . . . .
Seed . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . .
Spray and dust . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . .
Machine hire . . . . . .
Gas, oil and grease. . . . .
Repair and maintenance . . .
Depreciation ...... ...
Licenses and insurance . .
Interest on production capital,(6%
Interest on capital invested(other
Miscellaneous expense. . . .


. . . : $






. . . :
.*







- 5 mos.) :
than land):
. . . :*


Acre

12.69
5.73
92.95
54.26
96.69
33.50
25.23
25.38
23.12
5.49
9.34
2.31
21.75


Average per
Acre


$ 11.08
6.67
87.70
58.85
102.05
47.86
20.25
23.53
31.21
8.09
9.46
3.12
12.36


Total growing cost . . . . . . : $ 408.44


: $ 422.23 : $ 1.868


Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . . .
Grading and packing labor . .
Containers . . . . . .
Hauling . . . . . .
Selling . . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing .


$ 138.04
127.90
105.33
37.52
36.76


. . . : $ 445.55


$ 141.63
153.44
124.04
58.13
46.41


$ 0.627
.679
.549
.257
.205


: $ 523.65 : $ 2.317


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


Source: Grower records and estimates.


9
2,362
262
226


Unit


$ 853.99
$ 887.24
$ 33.25


$ 945.88
$1236.16
$ 290.28


4.185
5.470
1.285












Staked Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Mauatee-Ruskin
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item 3-eason 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.).


30
4,924
164
296


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . . :
Seed . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . .... ... . . .:
Spray and dust. .. . . . . .:
Cultural labor . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . .... :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.)
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . .
Selling . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing .


$ 41.62
8.93
111.70
75.45
210.37
6.58
31.16
33.57
28.84
18.07
14.13
2.89
27.84


. . . : $ 611.15


$ 168.25
224.71
151.08
37.01
54.13


. . : $ 635.18


Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


$1246.33
$1392.13
$ 145.80


Average per
Acre

:$ 40.33
9.07
119.03
69.15
229.68
S 6.92
28.54
28.60
S 37.48
S 20.84
S 14.64
S 3.75
S 33.58

$ 641.61


:$ 216.30
282.38
236.63
48.93
84.80

:$ 869.04

:$1510.65
:$2050.03
:$ 539.38


Source: Grower records and estimates.


9
1,310
146
398


Unit


: $ 1.612


$ 0.543
.710
.595
.123
.213

$ 2.184

$ 3.796
$ 5.151
$ 1.355


-- --


. . :










Vine-Ripe Tomatoes
Costs and Returns in the Palm Beach-Brovard Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64

: 3-Season :
Item: 3-Season 1963-64
: Average :


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres. . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre (60 lb.).


26
2,768
106
547


Growing costs:


Acre


Land rent. . . . . . . . . :
Seed . . . . . . . .
Fertilizer . . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust . . . . . . ... :
Cultural labor . . . . . . ... :
Machine hire . . . . . . . .:
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . ... :
Repair and maintenance . . . ..... :
Depreciation . . . . . . .. :
Licenses and insurance . . . .... :
Interest on production capital(6% 5 mos.). :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . :


$ 56.91
9.50
309.31
189.06
735.60
41.74
40.97
59.73
54.00
34.69
39.90
5.40
118.42


. . . . : $1695.23


Total growing cost . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:

Picking labor . . . .
Grading and packing labor. .
Containers . . . . .
Hauling. . . . . . .
Selling. . . . . . .


Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


$ 545.48
735.19
529.65
83.93
167.71


. . . : $2061.96


$3757.19
$4116.53
$ 359.34


Average per
Acre

:$ 64.22
11.91
306.42
160.72
997.63
94.37
46.36
60.76
66.24
28.60
47.89
6.62
144.62

:$2036.36


:$ 431.47
674.89
528.32
67.49
S192.00

: $1894.17

: $3930.53
: $4071.13
: $ 140.60


Source: Grower records and estimates.


11
1,170
106
526


Unit


: $ 3.871


$ 0.820
1.283
1.005
.128
.365


: $ 3.601

: $ 7.472
: $ 7.740
: $ 0.268


I I I I i









Watermelons
Costs and Returns in the Immokalee-Lee Area,
3-Season Average 1960-61 to 1962-63 and 1963-64


Item : 3-Season : 1963-64
: Average


Number of growers. . . . .
Number of acres . . . .
Average acres per grower . .
Average yield per acre ( cwt. ).


36
4,203
117
252


Growing costs:


Land rent . . . . . . . . : $
Seed . . . . . . . . . . :
Fertilizer . . . . . . .. :
Spray and dust . . . . . . . .
Cultural labor . . . . . . . :
Machine hire . . . . . . . :
Gas, oil and grease. . . . . . . :
Repair and maintenance . . . . . :
Depreciation . . . . . . . :
Licenses and insurance . . . . . :
Interest on production capital,(6% 5 mos.) :
Interest on capital invested(other than land):
Miscellaneous expense. . . . . . :


Total growing cost . . . . .

Harvesting and marketing costs:


Acre

12.70
5.64
86.46
48.91
95.88
30.95
19.65
19.56
18.11
4.69
8.45
1.81
13.34


. . : $ 366.15


Average per
Acre

$ 12.31
4.92
91.20
53.19
: 84.36
34.28
14.24
16.10
22.35
3.97
S 8.07
2.24
8.30

S$ 355.53


Picking labor . . . .
Packing labor . . . .
Materials . . . . .
Hauling . . . . .
Other . . . . . .
Commission . . . . .

Total harvesting and marketing .

Total crop cost . . . .
Crop sales . . . . . .
Net return . . . . . .


. . . . : $
e oee o*:
. . . :


30.56
14.14
10.46
54.86
10.20
28.82


. . . . : $ 149.04


$ 515.19
$ 586.53
$ 71.34


: $ 23.50
S 12.79
6.15
66.71
2.51
: 52.06

:$ 163.72

: $ 519.25
:$ 560.54
:$ 41.29


Source: Grower records and estimates.


DLB:pw 2/4/65
Exp. Sta., Ag. Ec. 1,000


12
2,040
170
262


Unit


: $ 1.357


$ .090
.049
.023
.254
.010
.199


: $ 0.625


1.982
2.139
0.157




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