Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
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 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1965
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

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ir --\

Everglades Experiment Station HIimeo EES66-1 1 July, 1965


HORTICULTURAL TRIALS WITH BUSH SNAP 1965

V. L. Guzman!/


The Everglades Station as cooperator in the Southern Cooperative Vegetable
Trials received from Dr. J. C. Hoffman twenty-one bean varieties for the obser-
vational and twelve for the replicated trials.

Weather conditions
The experiment was seeded on March 2, and harvested April 22-30. March was
characterized by temperatures slightly below normal at the beginning of the month
and above normal thereafter. Precipitation was about normal. Two days after seed-
ing 1.23 inches of rain fell causing no damage to the experiment. Dry conditions
prevailed for the rest of the growing season, but the plants were supplied with
sufficient water by sub-irrigation and made excellent growth. Slight manganese
deficiency was present at the beginning of the growing season, but dusting with
manganese oxide cleared the disorder.

Location and soil type
The experiment was conducted at the Everglades Experiment Station, field F3SE
on a soil classified as peaty muck with a pH of 5.4.

Fertility conditions
The field had been cropped for several years to ramie prior to planting the
beans. Soil analysis showed 5.25 pounds of soluble phosphorus and 155 pounds of
potassium. An 0-10-20 fertilizer with 0.4 of B203 was broadcast at 700 lbs./acre
and disked into the soil prior to seeding. Manganese oxide was applied twice for
the correction of manganese deficiency.

Field plot technique
Plots were single rows 25 feet long and 28 inches apart, with 20 feet actual
harvest row arranged in complete randomized block design with four replications.
For the observational trials single unreplicated rows were employed. In addition,
all varieties or breeding lines were planted in a separate field, and grown without
fungicide protection in order to determine susceptibility to rust and other diseases.

Planting and harvest dates
Two hundred seeds per variety and replication were distributed in 25 foot
rows and planted 1-1/2 inches deep in the bottom of the shallow furrow. Stand
was excellent in all the entries. Both observational and replicated trials were
seeded March 2, 1965. Harvest began April 23 and the final picking was April 30,
1965. The beans were picked twice.

Weed, insect and disease control
Weeds were controlled by pre-emergence application of 2 pounds of Vegadex,
one mechanical cultivation and one hand weeding of large weeds. Toxaphene poison
bait, DDT and parathion sprays controlled insects. Manzate was applied four times
for disease control.


- Associate Horticulturist, Everglades Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida







-2-


List of varieties


No. Variety of breeding line Stock No.


Seed Source


Bush beans (Observational trials)


E3111 --
X-Ida 3817
XP-CGR-7
Wade
Harvester (check)
Sprite
NK Experimental #1070'
Early Harvest (check)
Comet
Greenpod #63317
Greenpod #63321
Experimental #1204
Experimental #1230
KB-2-11
KB-3-16
KB-4-33
X-Ida 3921
X-Ida 3925
SRS 405B
Contender
Extender


Ferry-Morse Seed Company
L--- LL. Dean, Univ. of Idaho
56265 Asgrow Seed Company
124-62 Corneli Seed Company
16339 Asgrow Seed Company
---Northrup, King Company
Northrup, King Company
F6361 AsgrowSeed Company
F6360 Asgrow Seed Company
64466 Rogers Brothers Company
64487 Rogers Brothers Company
--- Northrup, King Company
---- Northrup, King Company
-- Corneli Seed Company
---- Corneli Seed Company.
Corneli Seed Company
L. L. Dean, Univ. of Idaho
L. L. Dean, Univ. of Idaho
Seed Research Specialists, Inc.
106-87 Cotneli Seed Co.
109-59 Corneli Seed Co.


Bush Beans (Replicated Trials)


Bush Blue Lake #274
Code #33
Early Harvest (check)
Greenpod #6087
Slenderwhite
Spartan Arrow
White Seeded Greenpod
B2971-1-1
B3370
D-11
Xp-CGR-2
0-1


56367

F6361
----'


#60209 --

100-186

F6352


Asgrow Seed Company
Charter Seed Company
Asgrow Seed Company
Rogers Brothers Co.
Rogers. Brothers Co.
Shigemi Honma, Michigan State Univ.
Rogers Brothers Co.
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA
USDA, Prosser, Washington
Asgrow Seed Company
J. A. Campbell, Crystal Springs, Miss.


Results
Data for the observational trials are
replicated trials in table 2.


presented in table 1 and for the







In the observational trials, X-Ida 3817 for the second year was again practi-
cally immune to the races of rust prevailing in this area, but yield was low.
Percentage of first harvest and appearance of X-Ida 3817 was not as good as that
of the check variety -- Early Harvest. Next to Early Harvest. in yields and
appearance was Harvester; however this latter variety presented a greater percent-
age of pods showing interlocular cavitation (cavities between seeds). Variety 9-
Comet showed market resistance to rust, good appearance, relative high percentage
of first picking, but its yield was lower than the check. Lines 14-KB-2-11 and
16-KB-4-33 yielded very high, with high percent of first picking, but the former
had pods with a great amount of interlocular cavitation and the latter is more
susceptible to rust than the check. Appearance of the pods of these two lines
for fresh market was inferior to the checks.

In the replicated trials, no variety surpassed the check (Early Harvest) in
yield or appearance. Next in yield to Early Harvest was Provider with a high
percent of first picking. Other varieties that merit further trials are: XP-CGR-2,
White Seeded Greenpod #60209, Slenderwhite, Code #33 and Spartan Arrow. Code 33,
as in past trials, was practically immune to rust. Spartan Arrow and XP-CGR-2 did
not show any interlocular cavitation.

Key for Tables 1 and 2

Source of Seed: As indicated in the list of varieties. All entries were sent
from the Southeastern Vegetable Breeding Laboratory. Dr. J. C. Hoffman.

Days to Maturity: Number of days from planting to the first picking.

Rust Rating: Rust (Uromyces phaseoli typical Arth. readings made on unsprayed plants)
0 = no observed lesions to 5 = very severe infestation.

Plant Height: Mean height of 10 plants per plot (inches).

Pod Length: Mean of 25 randomly selected pods (inches).

Pod Color: L = light green, M = medium green as Tendergreen, D = dark green and
W = yellow wax.

Shape of pods: F = flat, 0 = oval, R = round, H = heart shaped pods.

Pod roughness: VS = very smooth, S = smooth, SR = slightly rough, VR = very rough.

Pod Uniformity: VU = very uniform, S = satisfactory uniformity, SM = severely mixed.

Pod Straightness: S = straight pods, SC = slightly curved pods, VC = very curved
pods, C2D = pods Curved in two directions.

Pod elevation: AB = well above soil, CS = clear of soil, TS = touches soil occas-
ionally, TSB = touches soil badly.

Estimated yields: Pounds per plot extrapolated into estimated bushels or tons per
acre yield.

Percentage First Picking: Percent from total yields.

Pod Hollowness or Interlocular Cavitation: Rated after cutting 25 randomly selected
marketable pods longitudinally as: 1 = traces, 2 = few hollow spaces, 3 = moderate
number of cavities and 4 = many large hollow spaces.







Table 1. Observational Bush Bean Trial. Planted March 2, 1965. Harvested April 22-30, 1965. Everglades Experi-
ment Station, Belle Glade Florida.


Variety


1. E3111
2. X-Ida 3817
3. XP-CGR-7
4. Wade
5. Harvester (check)
6. Sprite
7. NK Experimental #1070
8. Early Harvest (check)
9. Comet
10. Greenpod #63317
11. Greenpod #63321
12. Experimental #1204
13. Experimental #1230
14. KB-2-11
15. KB-3-16
16. KB-4-33
17. X-Ida 3921
18. X-Ida 3925
19. SRS .405B
0. Contender
1. Extender


Pod Characteristics


-~ --N


*u



'0
4.J
U)
C


53
53
53
53
54
53
52
52
53
54
53
52
52
53
53
53
53
53
53
52
52


c,
.r
U) <-
0,
.U'
cC
.4 -#4
0 *-'


22
21
22
21
23
19
20
22
21
22
19
18
20
20
21
23
18
20
18
19
20


$4
0
1.4
'0
.0
0
k


U(

4J
ul
4-h

V
54


U'

0
&


.r4


0
a)
a)
o
0


00
*r
a)

4J
WA
C9


0I
o


I I T 1I


4.88
4.58
4.97
4.65
5.02
4.62
4.58
5.09
4.60
4.55
4.88
4.85
4.69
4.67
4.92
5.31
4.92
4.85
4.67
5.00
5.12


F-0
R
0-R
H
0-R
0-R
R
R
R
0-H
R
R
R
H-R
R
0-R
H
Y-R
H
0
n%


SR
SR
SR
SR
S
S
SR
VS
S
SR
SR
S
S
S
SR
SR
S
S
VR
SR
CD


SM
S
S
S
VU
S
S
vU
Vu
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S


SC
SC
VC
SC
S
SC
VC
S
S
SC
VC
S
S
VC
SC
VC
SC
SC
VC
VC
SC


CS
TS
CS
TS
CS
TS
TS
CS
CS
CS
TS
TS
TS
TS
CS
TS
TS
TS
CS
TS
TS


4.0 3.5
0.0 3.0
2.0 2.0
3.0 3.0
2.0 3.0
3.0 0.0
0.5 1.0
1.0 0.0
0.5 -
1.0 2.0
2.0 4.0
3.0 1.0
1.0 0.0
0.5 4.0
3.0 3.0
2.0 0.0
1.0 4.0
2.0 3.0
2.0 1.0
0.5 1.0
0.5 1.0
! _I


Yield Data

0
*O h 00 4.'
..4 U r
4) .'4
ctUIU
CU -4 u) C.
Rr Iw +AE
Q, I srd 4 J
...4. *irl U
U, J. O X, d
0 *il
Wd CP n u
e r I- u

D x> dp tx (&i


258
180
358
258
305
352
342
429
280
242
180
361
314
522
351
507
149
436
165
445
398


70
60
87
70
85
91
77
67
83
74
66
46
43
91
87
83
79
75
81
80
78


2.7
1.6
4.7
2.7
3.9
4.8
4.0
4.3
3.5
2.7
1.8
2.5
2.0
7.1
4.6
6.3
1.8
4.9
2.0
5.4
4.7


I I I


Y'R 3n


i


---










Table 2. Replicated Bush Bean Variety Trial. Planted March 2, 1965. Harvested April 22-30, 1965. Everglades
Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.


SMarketable yields

U W

., .I "
"a U *-, 0 in t W B
S4 C C 0 00 0



25. Greenpod #6087 53 21 4.38 D D R S SC C 1.0 2.0 E 332 4.0 81

26. Slenderwhite 53 21 4.78 D R S S CS 1.0 3.0 E 382 5.1 89
2 areta A 18 5 0 R S SC 0 00 E 425 4



29. B2971-ush Blue Lake #274 54 1920 4.7655 D R R S SC CS 2.0 .0 E 30246 3.2 87


30. ode #B3370 52 1922 4.4296 M R SR S S CS 2.0 1.0 E 21 5 1.4 42
Spartan Arrow 52 18 5.58 M 0 R S SC CS 2.0 0.0 E 425 4.1 65

29. B2971-1-1 54 20 4.55 D -OR R SM SC CS 2.0 1.0 E 246 3.2 87
30. 3370 52 22 4.96 M R R S S CS 2.0 1.0 E 426 3. 54







31. D-11 53 21 4.66 M R SR S SC TS 3.0 1.0 E 208 2.2 71
32. XP-CGR-2 53 20 4.78 D-M R 3R S S CS 2.0 0.0 E 322 4.1 85
33. 0-1 53 20 6.38 M f R S VC TSB 2.0 2.0 E 202 1.8 61

LSD .01 62

LSD .05 46


U)
0
o 0
M 0
W4o




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