Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076931/00011
 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1964
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

Full Text




OCT 13 1964 )
Everglades Station Mimeo Report 6;1i\ July, 1964

HORTICULTURf/,i TRaLSTl WEUH -, SPRING, 1964

V. L. Guznman -"
The chairmwi of the Southern Coope otive Vegetable Trials, Dr. J. C. Hoffman.
supplied fifteen bean varieties for the observational and nine for the replicated
trials.
Special conditions
The experiment was conducted between March 4 and May 5, 1964. March was
characterized by temperatures above normal, heavy winds and low precipitation.
April temperatures were slightly below normal with low precipitation but
abundant sunshine. There were few cold spells during March and the first part
of April, and these did not harm the crop materially. The season in general
was conducive to rapid growth, with warm days, mild nights and low rainfall.
Heavy dews and other climatic conditions were conducive to severe rust incidence.
Light manganese deficiency was present in most of the varieties, but dusting
with Manganese oxide cleared the disorder.
Location and soil type
The experiment was located at the Everglades Experiment Station, field
F3SE on a soil classified as peaty muck with a pH of 6.10.
Fertility conditions
Beans and corn grew during 1963 in the experimental field. Soil analysis
showed 3 pounds of soluble phosphorus and 52 of potassium. A 0-8-24 with
0.7% MnO and 0.3% B203 was broadcast and dised prior to seeding. At planting
time a 0-15-5 with 1.2 MnO was banded at the rate of 500/lbs/A. Manganese
oxide was applied twice for correction of this deficiency.
Field plot technique
Plots were single rows 25 feet long and 2.33 feet apart, with 20 feet
actual harvest row arranged in randomized blocks, with four replications. For
the observational trials single unreplicated rows were employed.
Planting and harvest dates
Two hundred seed per variety and replication were distributed in 25 foot
rows and planted 1- inches deep in the bottom of the shallow furrow. Both
observational and replicated trials were seeded March 4, 1964. Harvest began
April 25 and the last picking was May 5, 1964.
Weed, insect and disease control
Weeds were controlled by pre-emergence application of 2 pounds of Vegadex
and two cultivations. Toxaphene poison bait and toxaphene and parathion dust
controlled insects. Manzate applied four times prevented the spread of rust.


Associate Horticulturist ". ageladIs Ekp-rimernt Station, Belle Glade, Floridp


II i i ii jl I i




Page 2


List of varieties


No. Variety or breeding line


Stock no.


Seed source


Bush Beana (Fr b bservational Trials)


Bush Blue Lake #274
Code #33
D-9
D-U
Greenpod #6087
Harvester (ck.)
NK Experimental #1070
0-1

Spartan Arrow
Sprite
Tenderette
Wade
X-Ida 3817
X-Ida 3921
XP-CGR-2
XP-CGR-7


F6365
66-936


63209
16942




8/T12
1-3266
124-80SS


F6352
F6355


Asgrow Seed Co.
Charter Seed Co.
USDA
USDA
Rogers Bros. Co.
Asgrow Seed Co.
Northrup, King Co.
J. A. Campbell, Crystal sprt
Mississippi
Shigemi Honma, Mic-hian Stat
Northrup, King Co.
Charter Seed Co.
Corneli Seed Co.
L. L. Dean, Univ. of Idaho
ii
Asgrow Seed Co.
it


Bush Beans (For Replicated Trials)


Early Harvest 36382
Executive 31/T17
Harvester (ck.) 16942
Slenderwhite 33325
White Seeded Greenpod (#60209) 23004
997
B2971-1-1
B3125-X-5-2 63242
B3370 63243


Asgrow Seed Co.
Northrup, King Co.
Asgrow Seed Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
USDA
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA


Results
Data are presented in table 1 for the observational and in table 2 for
the replicated trials.

In the observational trials, lines 2-Code #33 and 12-X-Ida 3817 showed
considerable resistance to rust and in addition produced fairly good yields,
particularly Code #33. Line 1h-XP-CGR-- produced high yields of attractive
pods. Lines 9-Sprite and 13-X-Ida 3921 yielded low but their pods had a'good
appearance. Line 1-Bush Blue Lake #274 is not suited for fresh market, but
offers considerable promise for processing. The following lines should be
elevated to the replicated trials: Bush Blue Lake #274, Code #33, Greenpod
#6087, 0-1, X-Ida-3817, XP-CGR-2 and XP-CGR-7.

In the replicated trials, Early Harvest produced significantly higher
yields than Harvester, the check. Slender White and B2971-l-1 seemed to be
inferior in productivity to the check. Early Harvester, Slender White,
W. S. Greenpod #60209, B3125-x-5-2 and B3370 Ijd the 'babs ~ firae makt
appearance. The most resistant lines to rust were Early Harvest, Harvester
and B2971-1-1. The most susceptible was B3370. Executive, W. S. Greenpod
#60209 and B3370 produced the highest percentage of first picking.


1.
2.
3.
4.
4a
5.
6.
7.

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.






Page 3


Key for Tables 1 and 2


Source of Seed: As indicated in the list of varieties. All entries were
sent from the Southeastern Vegetable Breeding Laboratory. Dr. J. C. Hoffman.

Days to Maturity: Number of days from planting to the first picking.

Rust Rating: Rust (Urcmyces phaseoli typical Arth.) 0 = no observed lesions
to 5 = very severe infestation.

Plant Height: Mean height of 10 plants per plot (inches).

Pod length: Mean of 25 randomly selected pods (inches).

Pod color: L = light green, M = medium green as Tendergreen, D = dark green
and W = yellow wax.

Shape of pods: F = flat, 0 = oval, R = round, H = heart shaped pods.

Pod roughness: VS = very smooth, S = smooth, SR = slightly rough, VR =
very rough.

Pod uniformity: VUJ very uniform, S = satisfactory uniformity, SM = severely
mixed.

Pod straightness: S = straight pods, SC = slightly curved pods, VC = very
curved pods, C2D = Pods curved in two directions.

Pod elevation: AB = well above soil, CS = clear of soil, TS = touches soil
occasionally, TSB = touches soil badly.

Estimated yields- Pounds per plot extrapolated into estimated bushels or
tons per acre yield

Percentage first picking: percent from total yields.

Pod hollowness: Rated after cutting 10 randomly selected marketable pods longi-
tudinally as: I = traces, 2 = few hollow spaces, 3 = moderate number of cavities
and 4 = many large hollow spaces.






Table 1. Observational Bush Bean Trial. Planted March 4, 1964. Harvested April 24-May 5, 1964%Everglades
Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.



?od Characteristics I Yield data

r.
0 0 r4


oVariety c ci o
0ri S-0i N H ;- -P PR

r d0 04 0 +') H A O
Variety P4 0 Q 4) H( C) 0P
00 to %-'- m _i_





5. Harvester (check) 5 5.0 M R S S CS 2.5 1.5 26 66 3.2
6. NK Experimental 17 52 .8 M s S s CS 4.5 2.5 205 81 3.0
8. Bush Blue Lake 52 5.6 M R SR s Sc CS 2.5 1.0 268 6 4.4
9. Sprite 54 5.0 M R S S S AS 5.0 o 0 38 33 0.2
3. n-9 56 4.9 M R s s sc As .0 3.0 174 88 1.8
4. D-11 54 5.0 L R SR S sc cs 4.o L.o 195 76 2.7
-A reenpod 54 5.8 M R SR S SC T 1.5 3.0 30 7 3.2
512. Harvester (check 5 5.02 L R s S To 0 3.5 251 66 3.2
6. NK Experimental '1070 52 4.8 M R SR SC cs 4.5 2.5 2-05 81 3.0

1. X--1 32 54 7. M F SR S SC TO 3.5 .5 46 5 4.2.7
8. Spartan Arrow 52 5.9 M F SR S SC CS 20 1.0 264 66 3.2
9. Sprite 54 5.0 M R S S AS 2.0 1.0 38 33 0.2
10. Tenderette 56 4.8 M R S S sc As 4.0 .0 174 88 2.8
11. Wade 54 5.1 M R SR S sc TO 1.5 3.0 346 78 4.9
12. X-Ida 3817 56 5.2 L R S S S TO 0 3.5 251 61 2.8
13. X-Ida 3921 54 5.1 M R SR S SC To 4.5 3.5 0 57 4.8

14. XP-CGR-2 54 5.3 M R S S S TO 1.5 0.5 315 84 4.8
15. XP-CGR-7 54 5.5 M R SR S SC TO 2.5 2.5 328 80 4.8







Table 2. Replicated Bush Bean Variety Trial. Planted March 4, 1964. Harvested April 24, -May 5, 1964.
Everglades Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.



S- z Marketable yields
4ait o 0 E



17. Executive 56 19. .9 M R SR S SC TO 2.5 S 256 4.3 92
|S;' H U $.i OO p + r- ti 0 (



18. Harvester (check) 5 18.7 5-3 M R S sc TO 1.5 1.0 289 .8 72

19. Slender whitest 54 18.1 5.2 M B S S SC TO .5 1.5 230 3.3 75




20. W. S. Greenpod 60209 56 17.7 5.0 L R S S SC TO 2.0 1. S 262 4.2 88
21. 997 54 21.2 6.5 M R SR S SC TO 2.5 2.0 S 236 2.8 65
22. B2971-1-1 56 19.3 5.2 M R SR S SC TO 1.5 3.5 S 220 3.1 78

23. B~25-X-5-2 54 17.4 5.0 M R S S SC TB 2.0 2.0 S 244 3.0 67
24. B3370 51 18.5 5.6 M R S S S TO 4.0 -- S 265 4.2 87

LSd 405 0.27 48.9




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs